Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 24 Nisan 1876, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 24 Nisan 1876 Page 2
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2 RELIGIOUS. Lace or IVtne, IVlilch is llio Great er Demoralizer I—Sermon by the Rot. Sumner Bills. How Oar English Eosidents Ob served St. George’s Day at the Episcopal Cathedral, Eighteenth Anniversary of (he Young Hen’s Christian Association-Sonic Inter esting Statistics. prof. Swing’s Views on Salva tion by Faith. LACE OR WINE? SERMON Dt TUP. BEV. SUMMER ELMS. The Her. Bummer Ellis preached at (he Church of tbo Redeemer, corner of Washington and Sangamon streets, yesterday morning, tak ing as his theme "Laco or Wine," and for his text tho following passage: Who bath woo 7 Who hath sorrow 7 Who bath con* t«nllona7 Mho hath babbling? Who hath wounds without cause? Who hath redness of eyes? They (bat tarry loug at the wine; they that go to see mixed wine.— I'roccrbt, xxiU ; tfJ-SO. Tbo sermon was as follows: In a recent sermon, treating mainly of tho swift downfall of tho lato Secretary of War, David Swing tnado tbo statement iu a somewhat casual' way that just now lace scorned to bo working greater mischief than wine. In general terms he meant, of course, that extravagance is tho source of more harm than intemperance, especially iu our own land and day. At the time 1 saw doming in the statement beyond a strong period, evidently biased, to give omph&sis to tbo moral effect of bis sermon as a treatment of a broad nud ruinous folly and crime of the day. 1 only gave tho passage ciodit as a start ling stroke of rhetoric to enforce a point that bad bcon well taken in tho prosouco of tho Bel knap trouble through the giatiilcation of (ho strong passion of vanity, and in viow of a wide spread wreck and ruin from tho samo cause. But later, on being attacked by tbo gaardiaus and advocates of tbo temperance cause, Mr. Swing comes in a serious fashion to the defense of hm statement. However inadvertantly ho cast tho original period, ho very deliberately re affirms it. To quote his words : “If the wine* cup is doing as largo and as infamous a business as * lace 1 is doing, wo must have climbed tho wrong point of observation." And so tho pood man would havo us regard extravagance as at present a greater enemy to our people thau intemperance. The Infection of lace ho holds to bo just now a moro fatal disease than tho virus of wino. We havo moro to fear from a vain pride than from a carnal appetite. Our foremost peril is on tbo lino of our ambition to m&Uu a show, and to rival tbo splendors of our neighbors, and to set the oyes of tho world aslaro, and not along thn path of tbo “flowing bowl," and the Circoan cup, aud tbo hao - cbanalian ball, and tbo foul saloon rocking with Uio fumes of infernal mixtures and a blas phemous profanity. Of thoso two fallen angels. Lace and Wine, tbo former is entitled to carry tbo banner on tho score of its degeneracy and tbo amount of mischief it is woik lug iu the land, '/ho infamous sceptre «nce rightfully awarded to tho reeling and rod ojod ranks of Bacchus must now pass into tho custody of tho vast army of devotees at tho altars of a worldly pride, Since Mr. Swing, in his sobor second-thought, has boen dispoaod to stand br ibis view of tho case, 1 have been led. for the first time in my life, to set extravagance and intemperance in comparison and contrast, aud to mako a study of tlioir respective complexions aud influences ; to nolo the posaionii that oach stiis up and urges on iu the life of won. and to trace tho flow through society, side ny side, of thoso two dark and bi.ghlmg btreatus, tho Cacvlus and Achorcn of our uiDaorn world. And I must confess that the move 1 unified to this direction, waiting for the two evils, both gigantic, to assume tbclr monstrous and btdoous proportions before mo, tho moro 1 seuiuou to find evidence that for onco our thoughtful aud composed divine had blundered, or bud fallen into tbo error, under opposition, of giving to a flash of rhetoric the dignity of an ar ticle of faith. Ah between extravagance and intemperance, If wo cuntitio our view to (bo higher walks of life, the question of rank m the production of ovil and tho brooding of barm iu dearly uno with two .eidoß; bub when wo ox* toud our suivoy to tlio vast maesos limb mako up thu lower circles, tUo boiling imlliona of tho laud, of every nationality, the American and German ami Irish multitudes, wo shall find tbai, Ahilu ••lace" ban Hooictuieg to auawer for hero, it is “wins" that Is tho common enemy. There in a largo percentage of our population, lu all probability a full third, in whom the passion for linoty ban to active ex istence, hut licit latent like vegotatun uudor tlio rigors of muter. These teeming crowds aro rarely clad beyond tbo demands of ebeonoy. On their walls are no pictures; by thoit door-atoim are no llowuis; and all atouud la ne bint that they even desire to grace the barrenness. Ex truvagauce, iu the ordinary bcubo, ia is foreign to tbuir qnaitora aa it eau well bo; and tho prime need m of tbo budding and growth of finer tastes, -and the ambition that craves paint and varnish, and tho pride that covets tidiness in person, and raiment, and furniture, to nay nothing more. Truly a benefactor wou.d be bo who could break m upon this dead bouho of tbo eye and heart, and cause it to peer and strive continually for some of tho Pro tean forms of beauty; for we have seen many touching examples that whom thin sense is alive it will continue to soo uomu kind of a border and friugo around tho most straightened conditions. Eut while from tins region of society tbo groat enemy, lacs, is absent, tbo other (os to man* Kind, thelutoxicatipg cup, tbo fatal coverage, is tboro in full sway, and in all its desolating and degrading roigu. Tno black udoof drunkenness rolls on through all ibis region whoto extrav agance sends nut a wave. Vanity adds not a crest to ibo dark and fatoful surges of ilia sea. L&oo is as oouboicuous by its absonco as that other hostile spirit by its presence. The lust of tbo uyo fur llnoiy socuis to have failed before tbo lust of tbo appetite for stimulants ; and the beads of lumiiies, in untold numbers, slink away from the public walks, where pi Ido is ever found, and busy themselves Id tho inoro con genial but fatal privacy of saloons. where indul gence is carried to the point of beggary and brutality. These, with then wives and children, are the victims of intemperance. They were must of them bom and bred to tbo deposing seivitudo ; and not a few of them bavo never cast a longing glance toward emoluments and equipage, garments too showy for good taste, and palaces too costly fur good sense. Their luxury is tbo harmful thrill or su addluual glass. Their very dreams grovel amid buttles and barrets, aud turn tbolr sleep, that ought to be tbo portal ami passport to tuiry-lam). into a slum that lures them down the loartul steep into the chambers of woo. I think Mr. Swing could hardly have turned hie searching eyes in this direction, aud sur veyed this bioad, black landscape, when he gave the championship 10 loco m lieu of wiue an the foremost foe of our lauu. But let us look at this matter in another light. I offer no apology for extravagance, and would bo tho last to cast uoy mamle or charity around us real deformity. Vanity is au old and ugtv sin, aud tu all ugos iu mischief nus boon widespread. U lias bred all the cruelties or caste; run hfo into tbu cheapness of more show: squandered gifts and talents in its empty displays that should have Leon devoted to more solid aud useful ser vices ; prostituted the moral nature iu subser viency tu its ambition for a cheap distinction, and, in countless Instances, drawn on a poverty that baa also had to bear tbe stigma of disgrace. It bas made gifted men very ridiculous to tbe rattoual part of tbu race, aud /sir women Justly obnoxious to tho keen shafts of satire; aud has often made criminals of both, that they might play out to us absurd climax their supeiiicial came. Extravagance crosses many a lair and hopeful path that leads as through riu*ury meadows and am jug grsudaud salubrious moun tains. It hedges the avenue to tho marriage altar; diverts life from a lino of reading and gouerousoulturo; banishes repose and independence through the folly aud urgency of its exactions; orusheshealtn like a weed under its ambitious wheel; sacrifices the faith aud honor of the soul to giaufy u social aim; casts aside the better elements of civiliza tion and tho true interests of the family aud the State to gain a place fur what is vastly in fenvx and mote ephemeral; iu abort, it mil steal and Incnr all the ignominy of theft to Secure Us gratification. Extravagance shall bare no word of nraise from tne; for I can only .conceive of it as a weakness and a folly whoa based on tbe possession of ample moans to carry Ik out, and as sin on any other ground. In Crrcsus it wore a serious cheapening of manhood, and in Lazarus a crime. Sustained by Us own money, It betrays a poverty of manhood and a certain rawness of taste that fails to discover that beauty is over simple, and true art never loud and obtrusive ; hut indulged on tho money of other people, it is to the last degree base and Ignoble. Stolon fmerv is doublv Infamous, as datan is most truly Bataulo when Haunting forth on his nrrand of ovil in ‘‘lobes of light ’’plundered from the angelic liveries. lint, after all,some things can be said for extrav* agance that cannot for intemperance; and in this line of contrast I think wo can readily die* cover the error of Ihoveuliot that charges a liobt lerguilt upon lace than upon wine. Lot me assure von that if I were to pload for tho one as against the other, 1 should make lace, and not wine, mv client. Ibavedtawa before you the picture of extravagance, and U was easy to lav on the repulsive shading!; but there remains a vet darker picture of intemperance to bo draftee), and thoro is no night black enough to afford tho colors. The victims of lace stand before me as the children of fortune In comparison wall the victims of wine. In numbers, includ* ingall classes of society from bottom to lop, lho.» may possibly equal each othor, though I am of tho opinion that fowor havo boon smitten by dress than bv drink, by llucry than by w’hisky, by diamonds than by demijohns, by ostites and equipages than by iutoxi* cation; whllo tho smiling of tbo latter has boen a tenfold debasement and dam* age. 1 run my oye along that range of society wtiore extravagance has done and is doing its characteristic work, ami I mill coo much that in not blighted; but I turn to survey the victims of intemperance and I too thorn stripped of all, with a vandalism that has uo comparison. Ex travagance leaves tho intellect in clearness and vigor, which is ono of tbo groat treasures of life. It cultivates rather than crushes the sense of tho beautiful; thoro is at tho heart of it a certain lofty ambition, a personal pride that only needs a degree of chastening, as tho paint* or subdues tho high lights of his picture, to render it an unqualifiedly noble nttlbnio; still docs tbo ardor of domestic Jove lire its heart, and it carries do* light instead of dread every time it crosses tbo threshold to meet tu homo-group; and ft min gles no poison in tbe blood, but leaves tbe mbv streams to course in pnntv their living channels. lint when wo turn to survey tholleldthat wine has blighted, wo do not tlnd those fair reserves that iaco spares. Tho ruin is complete. Bond vour vision down into those dark depths whore intemperance reigns in its full eway, and 1 can almost defy you to name a lovely point in tho entire scene. Tho men are iuibrutod; the women bavo lost their native crown of beauty and refinement; and tho children are bo*u to wear features of grossuess,. and, not a few of them, to endure for life tho horrors of mental imbecility. Here is blackness without brightness; auetbereky. with no stare in ic. Hero tho whole man and all his allotments are smitten to an utter desolation. In those depths, reason pines, and love passes into anger and* cruelty, end piety flies from the region as the dove trom (ho presence of hawks, and that am bition for bitterness, which is the ono hopeful impulse that makes to-morrow more interesting than to-day. has folded tta wings and sunk into BUpinoncss. The old Greeks saw tbe fatal conaommatlon of intemperance, and were wont to say that, when Bacchus planted the vine he Aral sprinkled it with the blood of the pea cock, which accounts for tho vanity of tho first stage of intoxication; next, ho sprinkled it with tho blood of the monkey, that gives to those who imbibe bovoud the slightest degree that well-known silliness, and straining after wit. and bursting into uproar, which evory sober person la euro to elude, if ho may bo able ; after that bo dashed it with the raging and llory blood of tho lion, which generates the lighting degree of tho vice; and last of all be poured over it the blood of the swine, which broods the low sensuality aud sluggishness of those who stay long at their onps. Do we uot see at once tho fearful truth of tho legend ? And la there one before mo who believes that lace at its creation received such a fate* ful infusion of ovtl inspirations? If sprin kled, as it was, with a baptism of ill-omen, and destined to go forth to work groat injury among tbe generations, aud moro in oura than in any other by reason of our vast accumu lation 1 * of worluly resources, still it was uot satu rated with eo much of an animal virus, nor have its victims boon ho utterly undone. But in another respect I tind a rav of light falling across the picture of extravagance that 1 do uot tcroos that of intemperance. Extrava gance does not drive its devotees apart from good society, from a high and retluod social life, from tho institutions of learning and religion ; bat intemperance, in Us later but still common stages, leads to ao ostracism that is fatal, It withdraws from all those re lations that aro healthful and snlvatory. It stands from under every arch of promise, and turns Its feet to those haunts that aro rank with damaging infection. Lace still remains high-minded and social; bnc wine at length withdraws from all tho bettor influences, and betakes itself to the lower levels of intercourse. 1 know a bright youth in an Eastern Sunday school who rarely failed to appear iu bis class, and never without a good reason; and who was tho pride of many homes to winch be gave u frequent presence, ile came into thorn only to flnu a most cordial welcome. Ho was tbo in spiration and hunor of a literary circle, and the accepted loader of a largo rotinuo of com panions. He bore himself iu society with . all the grace and solf-rospcct of one conscious of a true nobility. Fortune seomfld to have chosen him to exemplify tho beauties aud mtluoncos of a loyal soul. But at last bo foil under tho lures of tbo soda) glass, and straightway vacated bis place amid all good associations ; and when I was in tills cltr a few years bach, bis father, more broken-hearted than os if bo bad been going to bis fuuoral, came on to hunt him out amid the slum* and doua of our worst streets, well knowing that ho need not look lu fairer quarters. And this is the story that may bn told of a countless boat, and revoale one of the saddest sides of intem perance ; for when wa are eut away from saving surroundings oar fall is all tbs more sure and rai Id. Thus hare I lifted boforo you tho two great evils of the time ; ami, whatever wo may think as to tbolr comparative tank in the work of rum, lot us pray for wisdom and strength to go clear ofibsui both. ST. GEORGE'S DAY. ITS BELJUIODS ODfaEUVAKCB YESTERDAY. Bt. George's Hay this year happened on tho Aral Sunday after Eoetor. It was therefore ap propriate for the English resident* of the city, belonging to the Bt. George's Bocloty, to bold special religious Herviocs. Through tho cour tesy of tbo Episcopal clergy this was accom plithod, tho Cathedral of 83. Peter and Paul having been obtained for the purpose. At 4 p. in., the hoar appointed for tho service, tho edi fice was crowded. 31ouy were unable to fmd seals, aud were obliged to stand Id tho aisles. There was no unusual display in the way of Bond decorations. Too pioccaafou, consisting 0/ tho choir and tho officiating and assisting clergy, entered from the vestry Binging th» well known hymn beginning Songs of praise the ang*U tang. It was sang to au arrangement of the “ March of tho 'lsraelites" from Coata's “ Eli," made expressly for the use of the choir by Canon Knowles. The following clergymen participated in the cervices j The Rev. James Do Korea, D. D., of Raome; the liar. Mr. Terry, of All Saints Church j the Iter. Or. Looke, of Qraoo Church ; the llov. Cauou Knowles, tho llov. Mr. Ouucan, of tho Memorial Church ; tho Rev, Or. Stcoug, of Ostou Rougo, La.: the Rev. M. Do Forest, of tho Otoceso of Kona du Lao; tho llov. John Todd, the Tor. George 0. Street. Moat of the clergymen -»ore the hoods boloogiag to their academical degrees. An important feature of the services was that they wore conducted according to tho English Prayer-Book, and to ths few Americans present u must have sounded strangely to hoar a suppli cation road fur the preservation of tho health of Her litacious Majesty Queen Victoria and Ills iioval Highness the Prince of Walue. Aside from this there was little variation from the or dinary evomug service. After the singing of the opening hymn the llov. George 0. Street, Chaplain to the Bt. George's hocietv, intoned the service to the creed, while tho canticles and psalter wore pre sented, and the creed aud tho following pieces were sung by the Iter. Canon Knowles. Tue psalter comprised the blth, J3Jd, 110th, aud 160tu Psalms. The piuoos and responses, as in the English service, were sung tp lailis testa! Butting in hvo parts. The selected psalms wsto sung to single Anglican chants by Lee. iiarmly. and Walter. Tho First Lesson was read by tho Rev. Mr Perry, and ths Becoud Lesson by tho Rev. Dr' Locke. A different style of musto was used for the Magnificat and A two DimiUU. They were both sung to harmonized Oiugoriaa tones, with THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: MONDAY, ABRIL S 4, 1870. sytnnhonles played between tbs verson, impro vised br tbs organist, Mr P. 0. Dukiu. im mediately after the Third Collect— (t* r s wore three, the ilrnt for tho Dav, tho Record tor Peace. and tho third for & d against Penis— came tbn Anthem, which for this occasion km tlmwell-known “Hallelujah" from “The Mes siah." Pravern woro then said for the President, for tho Queen and llovitl Family, and for (ha clergy nnd people, concluding wllti the prayer of Ht. Chrysostom, ami (bo minor benedictions. They were followed by a familiar hvmii (o (he (nns of M Arlington," in which tho congregation hoard* ly loiuou. Tho sormon was preached by (ho Rev. James Do KoTon, Warden of Radoo College, and was brilliant ns It was impropriate to tbo occasion. Following (ran tbo text: Lot thy servant, I pr iy then, turn bick again (hit I mny din in mini own eliy and be hurled by (bo grave of my hither nml of my mother,—.Viimntf, 11., xlx.: il?. In opunimr, tho eneaker eald that thn watds of the text 101 l upon the ear with a sweetness be yond comparison, and touched every heart. No matter if limy wore spoken 4.000 years ago, they appealed to the human sentiment of all time, lie then portrayed briefly the situation indicated by the text, and compared tbe idea as then ex pressed with the love of country now known to exist among the poopio. Ths eons and daugh ters of the old country ounid revert in mlmf to the beautiful scenery and the friends of earlier years, and by so doing uutluro still moro that patriotic spirit which Is ono of tho noblest given to humanity. Even those whoso ancestors had hvod hero for many years vet fool a stir in their hearts when tho uaum of their motherland was mentioned. Her associations also woro many ami sacred. Quo of them was their English Bible, found in the collage of the lowly and (ho palaco of the rich, tbe eolf-aame words of comforting going out to all alike. The words of tbe English Biblo worn blon.lnd with all earlier recollections of tbo Eughsh-boru man and woman. True loyally to one’s nativo country, to carry out whorovor they go tbe ideas that bad made the country they belonged to. that was tho duty of every ono. Tho English ideas weio, first, a sense of duly. To stand to a trust, to do well and thoroughly what was committed to him ; that had boon a distinguishing mark of English men for all agej. In tbo place appointed, at tbo hour named, whether tbo day he dark or fair, to ho always on hand. This was wbat withstood tbo charge at Bataklava, and what has given Englishmen a world-wide rep utation for courage and' endurance. Another word that always struck all hearts of Englishmen was “ homo." They woro willing to stand the martyrdoms of railway travel end hotels, hut thoy woro always eager to reach homo. Tho consecrated union of married life ; the bolding fast to each othor while life should last; tho children, like oltvobranches, around tbo table; brotherly and sisterly love,—all this served to mako up the idea of an English homo. Con nected with tho idea of homo was tho English Bund&v. Tho quiet ramble in tbo church-yard, (ho abstinence fiom work or recreation, woie features of that Buudav which added eo much to tbo English homo. Literary advancement or the acquirement of wealth was uot all that should bo sought, hut thu laying up of treasure above was far more to bo desired. On Sunday, Iloavou’s gates stood open. Tbo heart boat with yet a quicker thrill at the mention of another ward dear to Englishmen— liberty. To find out bow far tho tights of tho many wore consistent with tbo wishes of the few, so that there never would be that race of office-seekers which thrives upon tbe public treasury.—this had been tho aim of tho British Government. It bas proved tbo Established Church yet allowed othor religious ideas full liberty. Behind the national hto of tho mother land bad boon a belief in an over-loving God. 11ns bad made King nud people, lords and com mons, united iu bormontuus action. Uo would say this with duo reverence to tbe English people that those ideas woro not pe culiar to tbo English. They belonged also to tlioir adoptod laud. The soed sown by tbo early colonists bad uot been iu vain. Vet bo bad to say that political corruption existed boro to a vast extent. Out of tho bribery and corruption and dishonesty tho nation’s Eooicr-day must yet come. Benevolent duties formed tbo chief object of the St. Oourgo Society, and ho prayed that chat object ho fulfilled in the bo->t manner. They should give without restraint to all of thoir countrymen who were unfortunate, and, if they carried out this idea all thoir lives, they would find after death & suro recompense. On the conclusion of tho sermon u collection was taken up for tho benefit of St, Luke's Hos pital. Toe offertory was by .Messrs. George E. Gooch, Dr. John B. Walter, William W. Street, Alfred Booth, Robert C. Wright. During the collection tho organ gave out tbe strains of “God Bavo tho Queen,’’ with variations, and when tho alms weio presented tho choir sang an anthem by Barnloy. After the bouediotiou tiro choir retired singing tho retrocossiuuai hymn, “ Glory to Tbeo, my God, this night." Y. M. C. A HORTEENTIt ANNIVERSARY EXERCISES. Tbo eighteenth anniversary exercises of tbo Y. 31. C. A. were bold last night at Farwoll Hall In tho presence of a largo audience. Tho Uou. John V. Farwull presided. Tbo choir of the Association wore on tbo platform aud rendered excellent service dtirlng tho evening. There was nothing of a business nature about the pro ceedings. Tho annual reports ot tho officers and various committees woro printed aud were distributed among tbo audionco, thus rendering allusion to them unnecessary. Tbo following summary gives a good fdea of tbo amount and quality of the work effected by tbo Association during tbo year: Total attendance In both reading-rooms 01,000 Printed Invitations to rooms oud meetings dis- tributed 393.000 Kltuatkma obtiiuod IT Young iuvu furaluhcd tvnaniiug p1ncc5,.....,. 3u'i Religious papers aud tfucUdUlrluated (30,0.0 Signed temperance pledge,., 7 70 Free writing material funihbcd. 3,cuo I'ursous drtwlU'j Lucks (to Horinons preached to young men 03 Moflazluea, papers, etc., mod hi rooms 29,040 CotUga pMjfor-mecllDgs j XiU lea and TenUmcuta distributed..,....,.,., *137 lUllgUiut mcetlugs bold lu rumen l,;uo Religious mcetlugs held ouUida tho r00m5.... 710 Ki-gialerod visitors 6,4^5 Personal conversation*, or correspondence with unconverted 740 Hopeful conversions, about see Sunday-school sessions,... 104 Sunday-school total attendance (two schools)., 14.400 tkleuUflo lectures is Musical entertainments 10 Amount expended last year. Amount needed tUla Tear... The meeting was opened in the nsual man ner, Mr. John V. Farwoll reading a portion of Scripture and Dr. klauUalt invoking tbo Eiviue blessing. .Mr. W. E. Jacobs was then introduced to ad dress tho meeting. 110 adverted to tho estab lishment of tho Hooioty eighteen years ago and the blessings which bad resulted from It. At first it baa mot with groat apposition, but bad overcome all obetaolos and wan now making great bavoo in the ranks of the enemy, ile reviewed the various undertakings of the Association and prauod tbo zeal and oar ucstuoss of tho workers, who wote daily snatching sinners from perdition's brink. Eut while they rejoiced Id this pant work, their cup overflowed when it was remembered they bail sent Moody across tbo water to roocuo thou sands of souls. From their little beginning aud subsequent success, they should take hope for the future. There wore thoweands io the city who had not yet experienced tbo saving power of grace, who were mining their bodies and tboir souls by the accursed drinks, and they should redouble tliotr efforts to bring them with in tho fold. They wanted greater co-opera- Uou on the part of tho churches 10 this work, but above all tbev wanted personal consecration. Tho membership of the Association ought to be largely increased. If It woro only known (be craving there was for tho Gospel those who had hitherto hold aloof from thu wotk would devote their energies to it, aud so bring salvation to many at present with out God. Means woro required to prosecute tho work, and he urged all to contribute what they could, so that tho Association might accomplish tbo work cut out for It. God expected ovory one to do bis duty in this terrible crisis, and no truo Christian should neglect to help on the cause. Mr. John V. Farwell next addressed tbe meet ing. After some preliminary remarks, ho and there was ouo feature of the wont of Young Men's Christian Associations which was not re ferred to in the printed reports aud which was of a missionary character. It was nothing less than putting Paul's grayer into practical use m the hearts of tho young men of tho nation, m associated work through National aud Htato Executive Committees, whose business it was to send young men luto overy town of sufticicut size to warrant the organization of an Association—to form ono in connection with the pastors, aud hold union revival meetings, out of which it wan easy to compress tho object sought. To offset this a Btato Bocre tary was employed by 'the Executive Committee, whoso wholu llmo is given to tho work, and through him as general manager tv very largo number of earnest youug men aro kept at work. As a result revivals bad taken place, aud there was no disguising the fact that pastors found it much easier lo unite under each a loader tbsn ooe root out under sectarian management, and Iho work effected of a much wider character. The aanoolate work of young men was at first looked upon mn of very questionable utility, but It was now noon that Hod bad bleeped his labors. The amount necessary to Inaugurate this national and Htato work was very small on account of the large amount of voluntary labor at the com* maud of tbo Secretary. Those who bad read the reports of tbs Chicago Association must bare cotno to tho conclusion that a vast amount of voluntary labor must have boon employed to accomplish tbo results, and that tho actual money spent showed admirable management on tbo part of tbe ofTicore. The Executive Committee of this State, tbo ms* jority of which are members of this Association, bad not boon able yet to secure a permanent Secretary, but bad sent out voluntary laborers to tbo towne which bad applied for this bind of Aid, with tho most litoaaod results. If the mmlHtora of tbo city would only study carefully this year's reports of tbo As* aociation, tho sum required for tbe com* lug year would ho cheerfully given. Tho attendance at the Convention lost week, and the manifeet interest taken hr the oltr pastors in tho practical topics (liecnesod, indicated that there would bo no lack of aympatbr on their part m the fututn of this important aim of the united church. Tho onlything to bo feared was that, in this busiest of busy cities, the rank and file might imagine they bad so much to do in their own churches that they could not spare tho time and money for the prosocutiou of this work. They would, however, do the beat they could witli tho means at Ui«lr disposal. The only thing bo, as President of the Association, was ashamed of, was that tbeir employes are obliged to work for small pecuniary reward; tbe same talent and push in ordinary business should command four times tbe amount they could nav. Tbe ojlv comforting thought was that they all esteemed It a privilege to work for Christ,*aud considered that tho money consideration was tbe least motive that impelled them to the service. Mr. L. W. Munhail, Hecre.ary of the Indiana Association, followed with an earnest address on the utility of tbo movement, rornaiking that tho Associations were laboring for tho weii*bolng and no ico of tho community and carrying tho Gospel to people who did not come directly with* In its influrncos. Since last October twenty As* eociadoiiß bad been formed in Indiana and 3,000 persons converted. If Chicago Would give more of Its thought and money to tho encouragement of this work its moral life would bo purified and its general condition improved. After a graphic description of tbo Uaugeis which beset young men in large cities, bo closed with an appeal to the ladles to help on tbe work. After singing and prayer tbo meeting termi nated. SALVATION BY FAITH. beiimom nr vnor, swing. Tbo Rev. Prof. Kwiug, of the Centra] Church, located at MoVickcr's Theatre, ycaletday preach ed as follows to a large congregation : Tbo Just sbsll Uvo by bln faitb.—BaonU'tifc, U, t (v. Upon no quo problem in Christian theology do so many come to the teacher for help as re garding tills doctrine of salvation by faith. In tbo early da. aof the oldest of you, yon must have soon in the country school-house quite a group of children largo and email standing mound tho master, waiting for their turn to come for tolling him that they cannot do “ that eutn." One hue mot u grievance in fractions, another a difficulty in reduction, another m tue Ilulo of Three. Tbie econo comes back to mind wbou we uoo the group of o'dor childrou lu the present standing around tho toucher of religion with their faces full of despair ovor the question of ealvation bv faitb. In tbo former picture tbo ecboolmarttor was wont to toll tbo children that bo would work out tbe answers at night, and in the morning would make all door; but in this later picture tho preachers bare no such re course,— mauy mormugs will coma before tbo masters con briug back tho peifcct solution, and put tbe anxious scholars all to rest. Difficult aud hopeless indeed though tbo tajk may bo, yet at times wo must retain to it, aud with a humility aa groat as tbo theme is solemn aud doop. The ductrino of salvation by faitb lies all over tbo Bible as outspread as tbo uoaa or tbo sunshine upon tho earth. It has for centuries boon m every Christian's mouth to bo spoken, and heart to bo enjoyed. 110 that ventures to speak of it may well fell that be treads upon ground holy as to rollmou aud dangerous bb to tbo feelings of mou. But, be tbo ground holy or daugorous, wo must all pass ovor it, not only once, but agam apd again in our llto. Never twice alike will the landscape appear. Tho atmosphere changes, and hills onen seen only tu outline stand out clearly to-day with tboir decorations of forest aud foliage, and objects that were romarkatlo on tbo former oxouruion have fallen iuto shadow aud riliu to-day. In this rostady of faith mark wbat changes words undergo in Ibairloug life. But the cnang log word iu theology only betrays tho changing doctrines. Tbo word “works” now implies virtuous conduct, prayer, bouevoleuco, charity, honesty, piety; bit iu the days of Paul it im fihcd uu obodiouoo to tbo ceremonial law, and is who kept tho law iu ail its workings aud fastings, and holy days, uud bowings, ami pray ing, abb a man of “ works." Out of such a defi nition of works camo tho Pharisee of Cbiist's day. Much of Paul’s artillery wan aimed not against the righteousness of a pure heart, but against ouch a salvation by works as lay ns u prop beneath tho poor, cold, shriveled souls of tho Pharisees. St. James came along with u different impart of tho woid “works,” and de clared in favor of a salvation by works. In Luther's day the Bomau Church had brought back to tho world tho kind of good works once popular among tho inhabitants of Jerusalem. The word “works” bus thus passed through two shadings ot moaning, Iniplylug once an ex ternal performance, implying now -an internal llto. Tbe woid “penitence” has a similar history, coming from Christ with the idea of a change of mind, a turn ing about to a now career; it involved, of course, a sorro w ovor tho old career. No cue can per ceive his misiako and map out a now feature without regretting tho groat loss of tho past. The Roman Catholics saw only tills regret, and not tho blight, happy, new resolve, aud hence they ebangud tue doctrine of repentance into the doctrine of pouanco, and starved and boat, aud bemoaned themselves in every wav, that they might dnvolop into a Colossus tho regret of re pentance. Saints made lonely Journeys ou their knees that thoy might experience pam enough to pub them on tho category of saints, whereas the penitence of Christ did not imply suffering, but ouly reform. Thus many of tbo {treat terms in religion - have passed through great changes as thov have marched along, and demand, therefore, review at intervals, mat we may, if possible, Uud the fundamental truth, Aa tho good sea captain is - alarmed If tbe clouds have for two days pre vented him from making a reckoning, so may tbo modem Christian fool a hitio uneasy if lie has permitted long periods to pass by without bringing auy now appeal to tho ouart,—tho heavens of bis course. Among the words that have meant different things in different times we must class tho word “ faith.” Not only seen lu different ages, but in one ago it is a vanishing, unsubuUiiHal form, aud when we would lake it by tho baud it withdraws like a spirit and leaves us full of surprise. The groat marvel has always bocu that teachers or re ligion will use so mucb a word, of whoso signifi cance they seem to have no definite conception, (hat Christ know (ho whole import of tho term, and that Raul does not 'imply such insight ou (be pm of you and mo. lu theology the sound will never bo equivalent to. the sense. Only so far as no understand tbe term, aud can explain our meaning to others, have we any right to In corporate tbe word into tho dialect of our pul pits and our religious conversation. In my re marks to-day 1 shall make no pretension toward fixing tbe import of tbo ambiguous term, but I shall present tbe meaning little or much that comes to me. .1 Ifi.ioo . 20,000 Lot a» Ural observe bow unsatisfactory and Irrational!* lb® office of the word “faith** in tbo extremely orthodox übarcbea. They repeat iuceaaautly tbo doctrine of salvation by faith, but they roally make uo room for any euoh sal vation to their system. A system which makes a mediator cancel the eioe or a choeeo number, and which declare* that mau’s will aod tor lake no pan lu that selection, but that in the oterolly paat, God from ilia mere good oleaaure sleeted (bat number to eternal life leave* no office for faith to perform. In the older Calvmistio system hold still by a few Presbyterian*, faith hta oo more to do with a man’e salvation, than baa the complexion of the face, or the language ne speak*, or tbe clothes hemaywosr. indeed, tbit system makes ex* press provision lor tbe exchieiou of faith m an auent of salvation when it makes faith a result of election of salvation. lu the Presbyterian books (not in the Presbyterian heart) the soul is saved not because It baa faith, but it baa faith because it bas been saved by the compact be tween Christ and God. The Larger Catechism in Its seventy-third question declare* faith to be only an instrument by which the mind and (be heart deals with tbe Bavlor. Thus, instead of aiding in any way to bring aalvatioo, tola Qulvinisno •* faith " is only an index telhng when the salvation has come down from tbe eternal decree to tbo special living soul. As the mag netic needle settles acres* tbe elootno wav* that girdle* the eurih, and thus points out an in fluence which it does not make nor affect, so faith la only an index telling tbe soul that tbe wave of ealvatloo bas come to it, bat over that wave It exerts no Influence whatever for good or lit; Hence, to find any valuable significance for thoworda “salvation by faith,'” one must turn away from tho Calvlnlatic system, as being one that oxoludoa utterly the Idea of any such sal* vation. Here wc find no .solution of tbe per* ploxing problem. Lot us in our intellectual distress turn to Luther, tho brain which gave now Impulse to tbe groat doctrine. It is Almost Imnosslblo to team At this far o(T time just what tills groat reformer saw in his favorite wont, but that he found all the meauging of tho word as spoken by Gbnat or by Paul Is not by any moans to bo behoved. It Is certain that Luther saw In a mere intellectual clinging to Christ a merit that made virtue un important. Luther doolaiod that no Christian could by any sin, liowovor grievous, destroy bis salvation, unload he should refuse to believe. From Christ no sin aball separate, though a thousand times one should commit oven murder. In such vivid wild colors did Luther behold tho rising sun of belief. This now star of uoacA ehono with auch a radiance that no guilt could be black enough to intercept its ray. lint that Christ and Paul navor saw any suoh a saving faith In their day is a proposition that need* no argument. In Blithe writings and lop* ends of and about Lutbor, we shall not find any clear determination of tbo idea that the “ just shall live bv faith.” And yet that was tbs watchword of tho Itcformatioo. Had that new shout and now departure no significance then in tho history of religion ? Undoubtedly it had groat significance, hut tho “salvation by faith” hold by Luther was valuable as a revolt against Romanism rather than as a final definition of the Bible plan of salvation. When Lutbor lived, salvation came by money for the most part. Tbo poor ignoraot multitude bought forgiveness and safety by making payments to tho priest. Each sm would separate a living soul or a dead eoul forever from Ood unless tho roprosontativoa of God on earth wore well paid for pronouncing an abso lution. Hence alf the clergy wore busy praying souls out of purgatory and pardoning those who hail not jot come to tho middle country, and tho ring of silver and gold bad quito blinded tbo pour benighted millions to tbo mercy of Christ, or to tbn value of any inner state of tbo soul. To tho saving power of money was added the saving power of penance. Homs Kept well down in humiliation aro most easily governed. Mon taught that misery Is tbo chief end of life will submit to any King or Bishop, and will part freely with monoy as being only the root of all evil. Out of a religion that ot odo and tbo sjrao instant diow from society ali its gold and ull its ambition thoro aamo tho palaces of tbo Kings and tho Popes, tbo palaces, plato, and wmo of tho Bishops, and tbo high life of ail tho religious am) secular anatoaraev. Thus penance and gold were tho piau of salvation from the tenta century to tho sixteenth. Whilo going through some forms of solf-infllciod sufferings, a Tight nbono in upon Lutbor such as struck Paul at tbo Damtscus gate, and bo hoard tho words, “The just shall livo by faith." In an instant the reformer quit the torture of bis body and bis purchasing of pardon, and told all tho poooio that faith in Christ was ail they needed.' This was a wonderful cry to that cen tury. It meant to tho Church then a revolu tion. It informed the people that they need not buy salvnXlou of the clergy, lor they could get it simply by’bellovlag in tbo Savior. No matter what tbeir sias wore, this faith would become a pardon and a purification. Such a erv from such an irresistible mind as Luther wan of Infinite worth, for It changed Christianity from tho external to ttie Internal, took it from tho keep ing of tbo priests and gave it to each heart. Out of that gro.it shout about fan b camo the Prot estant world of tbo present. Thus it was only as against Romanism Luther's idea of salvation by faith whs so tiuo and so valuable. Many a reform has boon started aud developed by men who held only imperfect Ideas of tbo trutos for which thoy woro battling, and of tbo deeper need of tbe future. Our Pilgum fathers and Revo lutionary fathers, whilo struggling foe lioorty, could not have given a final definition of tbs word, and have pictured tbo future. It was only as against the black sky of des potism their ideasbone brightly. /lima it boo.iib to have boon with tho horolo Mania. Against tho black sky of Romanism bis doctriuo of faith stood beautiful as a rainbow, but, no do ibt, io the radiance of tbo Now Testament that very faith of Lutbor would itself fado. When tbn Reformer said, “Be thoa a sinner and pin bold ly, still more boldly behove,” wo may as well ooufoss without argument that oven he who sot going the Reformation could not define for ua the watchword of his mighty revolution. Whoa tbo sarao Reformer save that “All things take place by tbo morns) will of Uud, who blasts and shatters to pieces tho freedom of tho will,” wo cannot but "‘feel that be was better in overthrowing tbo Romanism of the pant than m constructing tho Protestantism of tho future. Therefore, as we turned away from Calvinism without having found an adequate moaning to tho words, “ salvation by faith,” so we turn away dissatisfied with Luther, He fought well, but dofinod badly ; was heroic, but uuphitusophio 5 full of vobomonco against a fraud, but no guide along tho obsouro path of duty and belief. Would that tho prosout could oomo to us now and tell us in simple language what it moans by sulvatiou by faitb. It doca not thus come. It ropoatn daily tbo words, and attaches to tlio reception or rejection of tho words a dreadful penalty or a sublime reward, but it deigns not to sot boforo us a moaning of faith in Christ, that may carry our reason or harmonize With the facta’of tho Bible. Letua put reaaon aside, for it not essential that Christianity should harmonize with tbe de mands ot actual reason (reason os existing) 5 but it is essential that faith bo defined so a* to explain tbo facia of tbo Bible Itself. “Living faith” must ho. so explained that it can move about in tbo Bible, aud be seep wherever tho salvation is seen. It must bo as wide as tho salvation. Now, tbo Church assarts us that faith is tho acceptance of Johus Christ. but the' Disciples had faith in Christ oniv an a matchless, angelic friend, and not only know not of Uls God-bo id, but know not tbe meaning of the crucifixion. Thousands of Christians had gone to their graves, and, no wo fell, to Ucavou, before tho idea of tho substitution or tho cross came to tho world, banco wo snk for a definition of faith that will cover all tbo tombs where those loving ones sleep. Belief m Christ's substitution would not thus seem au ouaouttal In tho saving state of tho mind. Perceiving tho difficulty that arises from demanding that belief in any doll uito creed Is tbe faith that brings salvation, an ouiiuout clergyman from tit. Louis (a Calvinist), when preaching in this city two weeks since, said “Having faith is an acceptance of tho person of Christ as soon In tho Testament." No doubt bo meant that as a child loves and trusts its mother, regaidtoss of tbo ideas bold by tbo mother, or regardless of all except tbo idoa of motherhood, so that the soul must cast itself upon tbo person of Christ, in tho Testament. This is very broad and good, for it does not exclude tbo Unitarian, who sees Christ imaged as God’s Son. But. broad and beautiful as tbo words of tho cloravman wero, yet they ate not comprehensive enough to ex plain tho phenomena of the Bible itself* Un fortunately for such a salvation philosophy, the Reformation doctrine was in tbo Church in fait saving power boforo Christ came upon the groat scono. The words, “Tbo lust shall live by faith,” bolong in that form to labakkuk, tbo prophet who first made that formula which so entranced Lntbor and tbo re formers. Thus GOO years before tbo Savior that very doctrine which is now explained as a belief in tiie person of Christ waa performing Us sublime function in tbe realm of religion. Hence tbo definition and limitations of tbo doctrine in tbo books aud sermons of tbs most orthodox aro inadequate. But Habakkuk is not alone on the witness stand. Paul in that most eloquent episode over penned over this virtue, finds all bis examples' of faith in tbo Old ToUament. It seems then that Abel and Isaiah with tho innumerable cloud of witnesses between, woro tbo children of a saving faitb that did not oast them upon tbe person of Christ, but upon tbe gieat Heavenly Father. As definitions of faith must therefore be found wbioli will explain tbe salva tion of au Abraham as well as of a St. John,— a definition must be found which will not, with Lutber, balance much belief against much sin, but that will involve piety i a definition must be found that will not make faitb a result of salva tion and at tbe earns lime tbo cause, as in tbe Calviuulio system 1 a definition that will not de mand a belief in a being not yet bora in Bethle hem, or not yet beard of at any time or many manner; a definition that will not place the eternal destiny of the soul upon any contingen cy unworthy of an infinite God, and hard to be believed by mankind. But what now shall bo tbie wider, better, and truer definition ? Wbat pbiaoiopby can bar* mouixe Habakkuk aud Raul,—tbo days when Christ was not with tho days when Christ was/ To such a grave mnuirv tbe answer must come slowly, and not from any one mind, but from many minds, toiling along in tbe present as our fathers tolled along to tbe past. Aa my own contribution to Ibis debate, 1 would submit tbo following thoughts t Assuming that tbe tenet of orthodoxy is true, (bat Christ aud tbe Father are one, then tbe Abraham or tho Isaiah or tbo Aurelius casting himself at tbs feet of tbe Divine Unity has done enough, for, by tbe assumption of orthodoxy, Christ is In tbe unity. Having long taught that God and Christ aro one, orthodoxy will not dare ooudemu a Job or an Aurelius for not perceiving the difference. If Christ died to be a propitiation for sin. the intersection or labaUtotiou does not imply tbit mao most know of il, and believe in It, for os the imputation of Adam's naturo goes to soul* that knew nothing of any such representation, •o the commercial atonement of the old otliodoiy does not limit Itaalf bv an human con* sciousuons of belief. If Christ wan' only a moral mediator loading man to the Father by unfolding tho character of God, and by sotting man an example, then these who found the Father before Christ or apart from Him, would only delight that One Who camo (o bo tho mediator between man and God. If Christ came to lead the sinner to the Father, what a Joy to Him to find In an Abraham or a Daniel one who had found the heaven before the pilot came to the abip, Thus we corns to the great question What la 11 Salvation by faith ’’ ? It is nothing else (ban •alvatlon by faithfainaea to God, the salvation of the faithful. There is no discord bo« tween Christ and God. There is no competition for souls In that Heavenly Trinity. To stand firmly by too law and person of God, as Danlol did in Babvlon, and as Isaiah did In a dissolute period, as Paul and John did in the Christian oeuturr, to mako tho Heavenly Father the chief end of being, and to ropoat David in tho olden time, or with Oowper in the modern time, all tbe precious promisee of Heaven to see Ibis God through darkness as did tbo patriarchs in tbo twilight of tbe world, to see Him still through the terrors of martyrdom as did tbo propbot who was sawn asunder,and the martyr who was Stoned, —tills is the faith that dlls the Bible with its his tory, and that bae for (1,000 years been filling Heaven with its saints. Christ name not to re buke those who bad believed to onlv tbo Father, not to condemn those who had not perceived tbo Trinity, but to help the millions of earth to find tbit very Father fiora whom Christ came; aud to whom He was la baste to return. Ho desired to draw tbe world all after Him, that God might be all in alllo every one. Tbo faithfulness which had gleamed as a star in the old era, He wished should- Hash like a sun in' the new. No antagonism exists or existed between tbe Father aud the Sou. Tbo flowers that wioatbod Jehovah's altars in tho old eta were counted the same as though they wreathed tho cross in the newer Jerusalem. Prayers breathed to tho Creator where Job sat in allies, aud where Jude's daugolore wept, were prayers of tbo same faith that lay beneath tho petitions of Craumor aud Knox. Indeed after Christ Himselflhas said, "After this man* ncr pray ye, Our Father who art to Heaven,” no doubt need remain that salvation by faith is a salvation through fidelity to God. The graoo of God and tbe mediation of Christ are found in tbo fact that for (Jbr.st's work'and sake tbo bcavcni are thrown open to those who have a final lovo instead of an angelic purity. This seems a philosophy of faith that makes it indeed a way of salvation. In presence of this gruat relation of tho soul to God the Ro man trafile in pardons and indulgences ie seen atones as an imposition and a blasphemy. In presence of this doctrine tho eloquence of Paul thirty years after Christ, aud of ilaoakkuk 601) years before Christ, find their harmony in the one sentence, "Tbe Just shall live by faith." Thisviov nob only gathers up the saints of all tbo old ages into one company, oat it forgives , tbolmod.odfl of opinions about tho nature of Christ, aud asks only that by Him tbo heart and tho mind bo drawn to the bosom of God. Canity is made thus tho religion of faithfulness to God, ■ to duty, to piety, and not n careful discrimination of ideas. Hero, too, a salvation by faith is Joined to salvation by morality. Tbe faith in a creed or in a few dogmas may go band in hand with characters tbe lowest, especially when faith is soon as i.mhor saw or expressed it; but when faith is groat faithfulness to God, it is only another name tor parky of heart and life, Hero, too. is a philosophy of faith that harmon izes with the infinite wisdom and Juatoe of God. Heaven is not to be filled with those forced into it by a decree, nor Is tbe world to bo peopled consigned there by an eternal reprobation, but heaven is to bo tbo home of those who. while hoio, lived by tho faith in God, and cundomua tlou Is to fall upon those who eot at doflauco the laws of tbo Hoav -nly Father. Salvation by faith is tbo salvation of tho faith. In the last day heaven will ring with the beauty and Justice of tho words, "Thou Lust been faithful over a few things, £ will make thee ruler over many things, outer thou Into the joy of tho Lord." MISCELLANEOUS. taluioe’s CUUEOIt. New Yonx, April 23.—8 y collootioos bogun last Sunday and ended to-day tho Brooklyn Tabernaoie congregation, the Rev. Dr. Talmuge, pastor, satisfied a mortgage of $15,000 ou the Uy college property la control of that society. .Tills loaves tbe path of tbe lay college unim peded. SEEOQER. -iueetnl Ditoateh to 77 it ChUaao TVfOnm. Boston, April 23.— The Bor, Ileury Ward Boucher preached this morning la the North Avonue Congregational Church, Cambridge, and this evening in the Berkeley Btroet Church. The llov. David 0. Mean, paeioc of the former church, was a prominent member of the Adviao ry Council, and William 0. Wright, pastor of the Uerkeler Street Church, was also a member of tbo Council, and a warm personal friend of Mr. Boocher. The audiences wore admitted by ticket at both places, aud thousands on thou* asuds went away unable to get in. la the side* doors at the Berkeley Street Church, much glass was smashed by the pressure of the crowd. THE COURTS, Record of Onilneii Transacted Satur day, ITEMS. An order wan made Saturday by Judge Blodg ett for a petit Jury to bo summoned May 10, in tbo United States District Court. The District- Attorney was also allowed tbo right to call tbo nausea on the criminal docket in the order bo might elect. Judge Oinmroond returned from Milwaukee Saturday afternoon, and will have an argument tu the petition for review .of Hodgkins A Crane to-day. Judge McAllister will give a decision Wednes day morning on the question of tbo validity of the city certhicatea of indebtedness. BANKnorrct urnsns. Three petitions were tiled Friday against va rious psrtiH j, but suppressed one day for service. The flrnt was tiled by Estell’A Jenkins aud Hen ry Onpeobotmer A Co.. on claims amounting to 973X.'.rt), against John 11. Quimby aud Fred Cano, of Marseilles, Kane County. Tbe creditors charge that the bankrupts gate divers warrants to confess Judgment to Herman Dickinson, with intent to defeat the operation of tbe Bankrupt act, and also that Cane, In contemplation of in solvency, transferred alibis property to Herman Dickinson, bis brother-in-law, It is turtuor alleged that the confessions of judgment given to Dickinson wore without consideration, as was also tbe conveyance bv Oane. A rule to show came May 1 wsa leaned, and also a warrant of seizure aud injucuon against Dickinson to pre vent him from levying uu the bankrupt’s prop erty, or fiom disposing of tbe property oooveyod to him by Cana. Alfred B. Willis, a member of the firm of Pierce A Willie, boot and shoe dealers at BXI West Madison street, in this oity, filed a voluntary petition Friday, elating that ho is ready to sur render all bis property and asking that bis partner be notified, and that the firm may be adjudicated bankrupts. The preferred and secured debt* of tbe firm amount to 92X5.40, aud the unsecured to 12,085.14. The assets consist of a stock of boots and shoos worth $2,814.00, which was assigned April 0 to George Dodge for the benefit of all their creditors, aud debts due 'on open account 9803.82. Willie‘owes 9822.60. and has no assets beyond exemptions. A rule on Pierce to show cause within five days why tbe firm should not bo declared bankrupt waa made. An involnntarv petition was si so filed against Louis Mlohaelnweky, a liquor-dealer at No. 94 West Adams street, by Morris Mitchell, who claims $375.25, and Wolf Kauffman, who claims 9410.60, Suspension of payment only is charged. A rule to show cause May 1 was made. An Involuntary petition wu tlao filed against George 1). Dantoo end Alexander Vanoo Brown, commission merchants, bat the particulars osu not be stven until to-morrow. Tbe case of Max Wobl was referred to the Registsr for float report. Michael Lawyer was appointed Provisional As signee of Nicholas U. Picaard. - A discharge was issued to Robert Bulien. SUFRUIOS CODBT IN UUIRT. The Chicago iiarblo Uauufaotnrlog Oomcany filed a petition against Chariot) W.Rigdon, J 2. O. Laupbere, Henry J. Sheldon, and the Scottish- American Mortgage Company, asking for a me chanics' lien to the amount of 81,3Cfiou Higdon's property on tbe northeast comer of Thirty-first street and Cottage Grove avenue. John Tbomhosoo end David Read filed a sim ilar petition against Augustas and John M. French, to obtain a mechanic's lien for 83,839.66 on Lots 39 to 50 inclusive, lo Rice A Valentine's Subdivision of Lots, 11 to 20 Inclusive of Dob bins' Buodivlaiou of the N. K of the B. & ,V of tho N. E. H of Bee. 3. 33, U. * CIRCUIT COURT. £. B. Prescott began a suit for tl.fiOO against Solon Brintnall. A. 0. Tarry, and Cl W. Beldeo. William H. WherUnd cobbsohl an action In trespass against Jaoob P. Do Oondroe, laying damages at $10,006. THE CAM. Judge Oabt—3Co, 863 to 380 Inclusive. Judge Jameson— Nos. 40,356, assessment of benefits for opening Vernon avenue, and 44.033, assessment of benefits for opening West Van Btiron street. Nos. 48,410 and 60,801 will hj postponed for tbe present. Judge Roobus— 243, 373 to 300 inclusive. Judge Booth— Sot case 1,883, and 900 to 230 Inclusive, except 371 and 277, on calendar. Judge MoAlustbh— No call till Wednesday, Judge Fauwbll— No call. No. 873 on trial. Judge Williams— No call. No. 43 on trial JUDGMENTS. UNITER STATtS DtSTEKTt CoOET—JtfDQE BLqd» Err—Bradford Hancock, Assign**, vs. Charles Olovo*. 1500.H0, Hurxaton Count— Confessions— Samuel Ooldmaa v«. Simon Lebrecbt, |7,f.00. — O. J. Tierney vb. Janes Burks and Mary Burke, s33o.—Michael O'Donnell and Bartholomew lUihsP, sito.lo. Junes Cart— H. a. Blchardsonet ah vs. The OhW eago Spring Work*. |1,418.80.—D. L. Filming Chicago k I’aclfla Railroad Company, fill.. 1 Juuoi Jambion—O, E. Ray st al. vs. Andrew ia< Catharine Euteubicber: dscree, $319,17. Oinoorr Const— Judge Mo A lli 'f kti—Qwtrs k Sloan ta. Pittsburg, Fort Wayne k Chicago Railroad. Company; verdict, $3,000, and motion for new trial. IOWA. Wtißtibi flawksysState WlHßxhlbli at llio Centennial* Sixcfal CorrmmruUtue to The Chttago TWbunv, Dss Moines, la., April 22.L4Ra(e Treasury Christy has returned from the Centennial Exhl. Dillon grounds, where ho has been supervising the erection of tho State headquarters, which Is a tno-Btory building, 40 by 48 feet. Ou the first floor are two offices and two rocoplion-rooinaj •on the second lloor ore two >, porlora and two drosiing-rooms for ladies. The location is a quarter of a mile from the main halt. Tbe promptness with Milch the Legislature made the appropriation for tbe Centennial bae enabled tho Managers ’to secure a place whore probably nooody will find tho lowa Department. They had no assurance that tbe Legislature would glv -‘hem a dollar until it was so late that oil npa*:s :n tho main building was taken. Tho only thing to bo done woe to tack ou a shod at one side, aud there you will find lowa at tbo Centennial,—a sort of side-show, as it were. Another specimen of floateloring io Ibis bust* ness is that of collecting funds throughout tbs citato. Too Hollcitois ropott tbs amount collect ed *3,-107.1)0 ; expenses, $3,031.7*; or, to state it more emphatically, it bu cost $8,031.71 to col lect $483.10. This is a fair sample of all pnblio begging enterprises; There aro over needy philanthropists to do such work, provided their expenses aro paid. The Hoard of Managers should be proud of the result m this case. it will perhaps bo of homo lateroat'to the people of this State to kuow how (boy will Ihj represented at tho Coiitouiuol, ovou uudor.the untowsid ououmsianccs which h&vo onvirouod tho Hoard of Managers from tbe very start. lowa will not bo ashamed of her display. In tbi mam building there has been scoured 12 oy 17 feet, winch Hill bo uaod bv tho Educational Depart ruiut. In tho shod attached to the main building has -been secured by 21 foot; and in an open-air -spauo adjoining tho mam building, by 24. In tho Ag naultniol building tlioro Is soourod 23 by 3J foot for tbs Stato, aud 207 square feet for Air. Poi tou, of Fairflold, in nliicn will probably be ex hibited the fruit of lowa. This is all tbe spice designated bo the State proper, though private Startles nave secured space for ihoir -own use, t is osiuuated tnero will be exhlbitod over 75,000 pounds of material. lu Group 1. which comprises Geology, there will be twelve cases, prepared by Prof. L'ox, 6 feel long aud 1 foot wide, faced with glass, showing tber.ick-stratillcdttou by a verticil section 3,701 foot deep. They aro so arranged as to show tbe same from tu« east to too west border of tht State, beginning with Potsdam sandetouu and closing with tbu drift-deposit on tho uest. Group'd will complies building-stouo, roprO* sonted by blocks 2 by 12 inches, three sides out. Oi those there bio lifty-tlvo different kinds. Group 3 will comprise spocimous of soil of the titale. taken from thiity-llve different ocnmtlea. Iho Ditto was districted into six sections; and from a central point iu each section, In circular form, touching different ouuuuos, specimens of soil were taken. 6 feet iu depth, and Inclosed la natural position la giass oylludois, 6 foot long and C inches in diameter, resting ou equen bases. Those cylinders will bo suraiouutea wlib glass globes 12 inches iu diameter, in wtuou will bo growing ino grausos Indigenous to the locali ty. This group slono weighs U.UUU pounds. To Dr. Bhaw, decretory of tho Hoard, aud Prof, Macomber, of tho Btuto Agricultural College, ths Btato is indented lor this Hue display of the real source of wo»*th of lona. Group 1 will comprise samples of sand adapted to mechanical uee. There are also gravel, g>p sum, clay, and ochres of various colors. Proba bly uu State in the West can show sand contain ing a larger per cant of than that .ex hibited from Bulk County. Group 0 will comprise metals, of which lows Is not prolific. Dubuque will scud 3,000 pound! of galena from her mines. Group U will comprise coal, of which lowa has a Hold larger than the entire Stale of Massacha* setts, From this city, Wosloy Bedhead sends I cube 0 feet square, weighing 1 ton. Mahoski County will sand a carboniferous monument weighing 2 tons. Aopanooao and other Counties In the coal-hold will also be represented. Group 7 will comprise botanical specimens, of which J. 0. Arthur, of Cbatloa City, will ehos nearly 2,000 floral species in'bloom. Group 8 will comprise vegetables, which wiH be unaer the care of Farmer John Qrlouoll, ol Clayton County t and. If ho dooa not open tbl eyes of spectators before the season closes, il will be because lowa has for once failed in hoi resources. Group 1) will comprise finite and wood. Thli will be the pride of (bo State. There wilt bi 1,020 specimens of apples, all cast in wax aud colored true to nature ; bO specimens of pears, and a good variety of small fruit. Tho apples may bo relied upon as true to name, and correct in size, shape, and color.' These will hi shown under 803 glass vases, labeled m gold letters. As (be season advances, the corre sponding natural fruit will bo forwarded, to lx shown beside tbe wax casts. These oasts wort taken from the fruit which received the Wilder gold-modal, lost year, at the American Bornolog ical Exhibition. There arc 1(15 varieties of wood, shown in cross and vortical auctions,— one specimen of cottonwood being fuel la diameter. Group 10 will conprlae seeds, which will be aho*n m glass Jars, ranging in size from 4 ounces to 2 quarts. Of those Ibora will bo ovel 500 varieties uf grain, about one-half of wbteh will bo shown on tbo plant. Coro-etalka 19 feet high, and 27 ears of com to a bushel, will command attention. Groups IX and 12 comprise ornithological specimens t and It la to bo regrottod that, owing to the llmltod appropriation, tbe State Executive Council have beou reluctantly forced to exclude these. Dr. Shaffer, of Keokuk, who is an en thusiast In this matter, has a collection of over 2,000 specimens, 'widen should be sent forward { but to proporlv encase them would require sev eral thousand dollars. A collection or severs! thousand. In possession of Dr. Hoffmoster, of Foil Madison, also remains at homo for the same reason. Outside uf the regular groups will he soot specimens uf agricultural Implements from vatiouA cities, articles of iron manufacture, aud all sorts of inventions aud patents.' Artists and artisans will be abundantly ropiesoutod. Tbs ladies will show their handiwork. The State has been ransacked for antiquated relics,—not tbe least interostingof which are those of tbeaociout Mound-Builders. The echool-childron will have a prominent place, through the provident rare of Btate-Baporiutendent Aberuethy, where the visitor will get an Idea of tbe oondoot and progress of our publio schools. Superintendent Bbaw has left for Philadelphia to receive and superintend the lows exhibition. Mr, Brackett, of tho titate Horticultural Society; Mrs, O, O. Flint, or Delaware County; Mrs. Jobnticott, of Nevada; Mrs. Dunham, of Mon ticcllo; and Mrs. B. A. Welch, of the Agricul tural College, will assist' him. Others will be ■sot forward as necessity requires. luwkktz. NEW PUBLICATIONS. PROFESSOR SMO. The Second Herlee of Professor Hwlmt’s TRUTH* VOIt 10-UAV (uniform with tbe First) Is Issued to-day* April 39. Price* 81.60. This now volume coutnlne bis latest dl«« courses* some of them preached ut tbe Pouriu Cburcbihut meet of (hem at the Theatre* t« ble new Central Church. It Is universally conceded (hat these embrace bie Quest eflorwi and (be general demand lor tbelr preserve* tioa In permaaenl form baa ted to tbe publics- Ilea of ibis volume. The? are selected* ar ranged* and revised by rrofessorßwlaa him self* and are sure of oven a wider popularity than the First Herlee* Mailed on receipt of price (il.fiO) by the publishers. JANSEN, M'CLUBG & CO., U 7 ul US BUta-.t.. Otalooga.

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