Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 25, 1876, Page 6

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 25, 1876 Page 6
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. *atm or nOTitcwmoir (paiarle in advance). Pnatnge Prepaid at this Ottlcn. Dally Edition, poitpald.) fw 913.00 P»»t« of year at »tn« rtU. Molted to uu ftddreM roo* wants for 1.00 Band** KdlUom liMrary and K«ll«ld\is Double 2:28 Pari* of rear it itna rate. TUUT EDITION, POSTPAID. On* tmr, p*r Oinbafflr«.p«reepr I**”.' Club ol twenty, per ..... I. la *1 be petUce la IS eetsu a peer, wbloh «e will prepay. Specimen eoplee sent fra*. To prevent delay and mistakes, be tore end <rl*e Foet* Offlce addreee in fall. Including Stato end Oouniy. lUmKUncee may be made either by draft, oipreaa, Foat-Offioe order, or io registered totters, at oar risk. TORUS TO OtTT MJMCBIPP.nB. Dstly, delivered, Sunday oiceptcd. 25 eenta per wren, pall/, delivered, Sunday Included, 31.* cents jwr reek. Addreee TUB TRIBOMI OO.M PA.Nk . Oorner Madison end Dearborn-tts.. Ulilcaso 111. AMUSEMENTS. HOOLBTW T!TEATIIE—Ran dolrh street, between Clark and LaSalle. Engagement of Hatle Putnam. « Little Barefoot." MoVIOKKR’S THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn and Slate. " Hamlet," ADELPHI THEATRE—Monroe street, corner Dear hots. Variety entertainment. SOCIETY MEETINGS. WASHINGTON CHAPTER, NO. 4S, R. A. M.—Spe cial Convocation this (Tuesday) evening nt 7:80 o clock, for work on tbe Mark Desroc. Visiting Companions ordially invited. By order of (lie M. K. 11. P. CIIAS. B. WRIOUT, Secretary. ©rStea*. Tuesday Moraine. April 35, 1670, Greenbacks at the Now York Gold Ex change yesterday closed at 88!,'. Tho Common Council has entered upon tho canvass of tho vote cast nt tho Into muni cipal election, which will probably be com pleted this evening at tho adjourned meet ing. No disposition Is shown by tho retiring Aldermen to unreasonably postpone tho in duction of their successors. Tho announcement yesterday of the sus pension of tho City National Hank of Chica go produced a temporary excitement in com mercial circles, hut nothing which could be regarded as wore than a financial flurry. Confidence is felt that tho losses will fall mainly upon tho stockholders, and that the resources of tho bank are sufficient to pay depositors nearly, if not quite, ih full. Belknap's final rejoinder to the replication of tho House managers of tho impeachment proceedings sots up a curious plea to tho ef fect that his resignation aa Secretary of War was in pursuance of an agreement or pledge on tho port of Cltmeb, tho Choirmnn of tho Investigating Committee, that if Belknap would resign no impeachment proceedings would bo instituted! This agreement, it is urged, should estop tho House from prose cuting the impeachment. llio nowepaper troubles at Minneapolis still continue. The unwelcome St. Paul peo ple have got their properly in their own bands at lost by means of an injunction, and publish tho Minneapolis 7'ribune this morn ing, but all yesterday hired persons triumph ed in the streets, blowing through tho mellow bom their pensive souls, and trumpeting tho popular indignation. Last night a mass, meeting was held, and tho municipal heart is now fired with tho ugly resolve to go with out news rather than accept it at tho hands of 'he Philistines. The Coanty Board has voted to advertise for proposals for the publication of the do-' linqueut tax-list, instead of awarding tho job as a sort of gift to some favored newspaper, os has been tho practice heretofore. Tho plan is a good one, and wilt doubtless result in a saving to tho tux-payors; but why slop with tho tax-list, aud why not include the publication of the proceedings of the Board as well? Why does tho gentle and Incor ruptible McCaffrey single out tho Pont and Mail as (ho organ of tho Board to print the proceedings without competition? This is not the only paper that has stood by tho bummers aud rings through thick and thin. Give the rest of the apologists for corruption a chance. Tbo suspension of Messrs. ScnnoEDEn, Lindulom & Co., of Milwaukee, is undoubt edly u direct consequence of the wbeal-eor ucr whiqh that firm engineered in tho latter part of last year. They controlled tho Mil* waukoo market, and put up the price so high os to draw in upon them vast quantities of tho groin, which, ot the winding ttp of tho corner, was left on their bauds. They “ car ried it ” all through tho winter, hoping to find a higher market for it this spring, but failed to discover it, Tho corner excitement enabled many farmers to obtain much hotter prices for their wheat thou they could other wise have done, but tho cornoriug lino was swamped ultimately by tho transaction. This is tho natural outcomo of nineteen out of every twenty corners in produce, and it is surprising that men can yet bo found hardy enough to attempt tho operation. Tbo Committee on Expenditures in the Post-Office Department has, after a thorough investigation, concluded that Mr. Jewell knows how to keep a Post-Ofilco and man age tho basiness of mull transportation this side of the Mississippi River at least. Some how the credulous Democracy bad learned through a disappointed contractor, whoso failure to impose upon tho Dcpurtmcut had greatly affected his sincerity, that tho three great linos from Chicago to Omaha—the Northwestern, Chicago, Darlington <k Quincy, and Rook Island —had each been paid monthly for doing the samo service, the alleged scheme being simply that of alternating, one road carrying tbo mails one month, the other another, and so on by regular rounds. After bearing much testi mony and reading stacks of documents in tho Department, it has boon discovered that some one has exaggerated, to use a mild term, as no such custom has ever existed, and that Uio Department records iu this respect full to give even a hint of any fraudulent transac tions. What windmill will tho Quixotic Con federates waste their prowess upon next? Tbe Chicago produce markets were unsettled yesterday by tho flno weather, and news of outside failures. Mess pork was active and 20(5250 per brl lower, closing at $21.05 for Hay and $21.90 for June. Lard was less active and 6@loo per 100 lbs lower, dosing at $13.27} for May and $13.45 fox June. Meats were in moderate de mand and easy, at B}o for boxed shoul ders, 120 for do short ribs, and 12 jo for do short clears. Uighwiuea were quiet and Ann, at $1.07 per gallon. Flour was quiet and •toady. Wheat was active and l}@)2c lower,' rioting at sl.ol} for regular and $1.02} for (lorn was activoandlc lower, closing at tm ipril and 45J0 lor May. Cuts were quiet find Jo lower, closing fit 82jo for May and 32|e for .Tune, By® was dull nt 66c. Barley was more active and lower, closing at 58Jo for May and 55® for Juno. Hogs wore in good demand, nnd prices wore firm, sales making at $7.70@8.00 for com* mon. to prime. Cottle wore inactive and weak. Sheep were Dominolly Bloody. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $112.62J in greenbacks at the close. Mr. Blaikb yoslorday obtained the floor for the purpose of making his statement In explanation and denial of the numerous alle gations and charges which have gained pub licity of late. Ho was listened to with pro found attention, and the full report of his speech which wo print this morning will bo read with absorbing interest throughout the nation. The address was a masterly defense, denial, and explanation, and, it fs said, car ried conviction of its truth to the minds of those who hoard it It explains satisfactorily the circumstances under which Mr. Blaine became the owner of certain Fort Smith ,t Little Rock Railroad bonds; it denies the assertion that ho received SOI,OOO or any other sum from tho Union Pacific Railroad Company, and that ho ever sold any bonds or received any money fropi the Atlantic & Pacific or tho Missouri, Kansas & Texas Rail roads. This is comprehensive so far as it extends, but it hardly covers the whole ground. No allusion is made to Mr. Harbi bon's action in laying tho matter of the $04,000 before tho Government Director’s ; there is nostatement from the Hon. James F . Wilson, of lowa, a Government Director, to show that Mr. Blaine’s name was not con nected with that transaction by rumor or by testimony in tho investigation that was holds and, more important still, in testimony or explanation from any officer of the Union Pacific Road throwing ouy light upon tho matter of the payment of tho $64,000 which Mr. Harrison insisted upon inquiring into. It would have greatly strengthened Mr. Blaine’s explanation and denial if ho could have submitted facta showing precisely to whom nnd for what purpose tho sum of $64,- 000 was paid for some worthless Arkansas railroad bonds, and it is to bo regretted that Mr. Blaine did not supply the missing link. CAULFIELD'S MARE'S NEST. Haw that the evidence begins to como out in tho matter of tho corruption in which Barney Caulfield recently captured tho President, and which he has spread abroad with so much circumstantiality and exaggera tion through tho Democratic newspapers, tho real merits of tho matter appear and show that it hinges upon tho fact that a Repub lican Administration unearthed the most atrocious corruptions tho country has over known. ttho story of tho corruption may bo briefly told, and will bo of interest. In 18GB, Presi dent Grant was in tho very height of his popularity, and tho Republican party more powerful than it bad over boon before. It had commpndcd itself to tho whole country by its suppression of tho Rebellion, by its work of reconstruction, and by tho passage of tho constitutional amendments, and yet, to tho utter astonishment of tho nation, Grant was defeated in Now York by 12,000 majority. Tho country districts had given him tho overwhelming majority of 50.000, enough to overcome Seymour's ma jority in Now York City, if there hod been an honest vote, including Brooklyn also with its majority of 13,01)0, and yet It was mot in the city with a Democratic majority of 61.000, thus giving tho election to Seymour, although the Republicans hod cast tho largest vote that had over before boon given for any of their candidates. It became apparent to Congress that Grant had carried tho State by thirty or lorty thousand majority an d, under tho authority of the Constitution, it passed a law to prevent ballot-box stuffing and fraudulent voting by appointing Deputy Marshals to supervise the voting in all largo cities where they might bo seat. The law was framed in tho interests of honesty and the purity of elections, and against revolu tion, for ballot-box stuffing is os clearly revolutionary as a coup d'etat, Tho object of tho law, therefore, was good, and tho expenditures under it were warranted and lawful. In carrying out the provisions of the law in New York City, on Supervisor Davenport's methods, during tho years from 1871 to 1871, there were expended at tho highest estimate S33,QUO, bo that the Treas ury was draiued by these dreadful conspirators <4 the rate of §8,750 a year I This is tho whole sum and substance of the mare's nest which Barney Caulfield has discovered, and about which ho is making such a hub labuloo. This is tho atrocious infamy of which tho Now York World says, iu a burst of pathos and bosh : Tlio moat muUucboly news which It has ever fallen sour lot to lay before tho public, hardly excepting tho muinatloa of Lincoln, U that which w» iiibliab tills inuruliid reciting the political ami moral uidda of l*rc«hlciit Grant. . . . Not Belknap's rime envelops tbo AdralnhtrnUoa and the Uepub lean party tn au bUck an Infamy. A few more election figures will throw ad litional light upon this matter. At the next election Mr. Keiinan, now United Slates Senator, and one of tho most popular meu iu Now York, ran for Governor on tbo Demo- emtio ticket against Gou. Dix. Kehhah re ceived 77,1)15 votes, ami Dix 5(1,21.10; majori ty for Kkrnan, 21,225. This was tbo ut most the Democracy could do, with the strongest and moat popular mau in tbo Stato on tholr ticket. Pour years before, tho Dem ocrats bad returned 108,1UG votes, to 47,11118 for tbo Republicans. The comparison shows that in four years, notwithstanding tbo natural increase of the voting population, .tlio Democratic vote hud shrunk from 108,310 to 77,1)15, or 30,401 votes, -which U just the number of fraudulent votes that were stopped by tho law. The Itopablionn vote In those four years meanwhile increased from 47,333 to 50,300, showing a natural and healthy party growth. The whole cost of stop, ping this atrocious swindle was not much over 75 cents a vote. It was a trifling amount, but it was effectual, end the Demo, cruts have not recovered their majority of ballot-box stuffing days, since, at tho election last full, tho united Democratic and Liberal vote for Bigelow was only 79,274, ogoinst 49,014 for Seward, Republican, They had tho united vote of all the factious, Tammany, imli-Tammany, eud Liberal, and yet failed to poll ono«holf tho vote that was cast for Sey mour. Davenport's work of registration by blocks, as explained in his testimony printed in The Tribune of yesterday, struck u fatal blow at the Tweed Ring, which, after steal* lug tho property of tho city, then deliberately stole tho vote. Tho Tweed Ring have been compelled to deliver up the stolen property. They have also been compelled to disgorge tbe vote, aud this is just where the shoe pinches Dabney Caulfield, his Committee, the Mew York Wvrld, and the Democracy generally. It is tho occasion of a second very dismal and lugubrious vail that this money was THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; TUESDAY. APRIL 25, 187b’. taken from the Secret Service fund. This dreadful accusation is easily root. The Secret Service fund was established to bo used in **the detection nnd prosecution of crimes against the United States,” to be ex* ponded under the direction of the Attorney* General, no provision being rondo for the precise manner of oxpondltnro. Fraudulent voting has always been recognized aa a crime against the United States, and has been pun* ished as such. Supervisor Davenport was invested with authority to detect and punish fraudulent voters, nnd Attorney-Generals Akermah and "Williams directed the money to bo paid. That is all there is to this matter. This Itopublicaa corruption which Barnet Caulfield has unearth* od, and about which he is making such a* hullabaloo, therefore, sums itself up in the fact that it was on effort to slop Dem ocratic fraudulent voting. The Democratic , investigating committees have spent thou sands of dollars to discover Republican delin quencies, and now they are all in holy horror because they have run across a Republican effort to discover and defeat Democratic ras calities, and because it hasoost $35,000 to do it. If it had cost millions of dollars, instead of this trifle, it would have boon cheap. The people of Chicago have recently boon worked up to a degree of indignation bordering npon. frenzy, and suggestive of lamp-posts and halters, because a few bummers stole the town offices, the whole stealings of which would amount perhaps to SIOO,OOO ; but hero was a steal involving the highest offices in the land, nn immense patronage, and untold thou sands of money,—a steal perpetrated year after year by the most infamous ring in the Democratic records, which disfranchised the voters not only of Now York City but of the whole State; and because it was a Demo cratic steal, nud a Republican Administration spent the trifling sum of $35,000 to break it up, wo have the spectacle of the whole Demo cratic party howling at once, and raising the absurd and ridiculous hue-and-cry of im peachment i ABOLISHING TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATION. In Sunday's Tribune was a communication from Mr. 11. M. Eddv on the subject of abolishing township organization. Tho writ er takes a mistaken view of tho subject. Ho assumes that if township organization bo abolished in Cook County, that such aboli tion carries with it tho present County Board, and necessitates the election of a now Board of throo Commissioners, makes tho Treasurer Assessor, and tho Sheriff Collector, etc., oto. , Tho Constitution has mado special provis ion for tho government of Cook County, which government is different from that of all other counties, whether under or not under township organization. It is a class of counties of Itself. Tho Constitution provides that the affairs of Cook County shall bo gov erned by a Board of fifteen Commissioners. When this was adopted, tho old machinery of township organization was in force, and tho Legislature provided only for so much of tho change as substituted tho County Board for tho Board of Supervisors. Tho vote this foil to abolish township organization will have tho effect only of getting rid of the remainder of tho township machinery. It will then remain for tho Legislature to pro vide such machinery for tho government of the county, in addition to the Board of fif teen Commissioners, as may bo considered advisable. The Citizens' Association, through its counsel, framed a bill for this purpose at the last session of the Legislature, which pro vided for tho election of a County Assessor, and making the Treasurer, as now, tho Col lector. But this bill was choked off and defeated through tho influence of two agen cies, —tho Town Boards, which wero then stealing an aggregate of SIOO,OOO a year, and the Park Commissioners of tho North and West Towns. Tho town officers wero of conrso tho class of men who control primary meetings, nominating conventions, and who stuff ballot-boxes. Tbo average politician serving in tho Legislature of course yielded to the demands of this class. Tho Fork Commissioners of North and West Chicago did not want to break up the township organ ization, because all park taxes for those towns must be voted by,that monstrosity in government known os tho town meeting. Wo understand that tho Park Commissioners of North Chicago have already got a “'legal opinion" to tho effect that township organ ization cannot bo abolished, and that this opinion is hawked about town soliciting sig < natures. In duo timo it will bo published as a reason wby there should bo no voto abol ishing township organization m Cook County. But the voto will be taken, and tho people will toko pains to elect men to the Legisla ture to provide tho necessary county ma chinery, even if it ho necessary to omit for i one year tho levying of a special tax for park 1 purposes in North and West Chicago. IHE PROPOSED TREASURY INVESTIOA- TION. Democratic sensationalism seems to have i attained its summit iu the recent promulga- ' tion from Washington that tho United States 1 Treasury has been robbed of bonds, gold i notes, certificates of indebtedness, green- ' backs, and fractional currency to tho amount of §187,000,000, or about one-fourth of tho national debt. Tho Treasury officials are said to bavo possessed themselves of this colossal sum in the course of yours by issuing bonds and notes which they reported us de stroyed. If there were four people engaged in this system of plunder, it has yielded them over sl-0,000,000 apiece; if forty-oight peo pie, about $10,000,000 each ;.aud if 487 peo ple (uud certainly there couldn’t have been mom), then a cool million for ovory one of them. It was not known that tho Treasury hud turned out so many CnotsusES. It will probably bo nows to Gou. Spinneu, who “bossed" the job for a number of years, and who remained so poor that he is be lieved to have made frequent appeals to his friends to muko good certain amounts’ that were stolen from time to time for which ho was responsible. Were these stealings fairly distributed among tbo different States ac cording to tho recognized rule of appoint ments'/ If so, did Illinois got its proper shore, which would amount to something ‘like $50,000,000? Who aro tho gallant sous of this State that enjoyed part of tho plun der ? Tho extravagance of this charge is such as to defeat itself. Tho Democratic sensation alists bavo overreached themselves. They have token up an old story and elaborated It beyond tbo limits of probability. Rut wo hope they will investigate it all the some. It is as well t|mt tho suspicion of wholesale robbery iu tho Treasury, growing out of tho printing and handling of tho money, should bo sot at rest. Of course there have been individual coses of theft. A dozen of them, involving the loss of more or less money and bonds, have been discovered. There was I one of $25,000 a short time before Oeu. i Beuweb retred. Rut the very exposure of these thefts scorns to be a tost of the thor oughness and excellence of the system for keeping track of the money. If the chocks on the money, os it passes through the vari ous departments, each contributing but o small part to Its manufacture and issue, wore inadequate, the thefts would not have been discovered, and there might be more reason to snepcoi o gigantic shortage. But the promptness with which every theft became known to the Treasury officials, and the ability shown in tracing the theft to.tbose who committed it, induce the belief that nothing like general and undiscovered pilfering has been going on, Still wo are disposed to en courage the most thorough investigation, and will oven favor a detail of Democratic Con gressmen to count the money—if somo trustworthy persons be placed on guard to watch them during the operation. The general charge, which is absurd enough in itself, becomes more absurd by reason of tbo particular theory upon which the extraction of nearly $500,000,000 la ac counted for. It boa boon slated that the money bos been stolen by tho failure to de stroy what has boon ordered burnt, Yot it is admitted that mutilated, worn, or defective currency ordered destroyed was burnt under tho supervision of n Committee, tho mem bers of which woro frequently chang ed. But, before it was consigned to this Committee, tho rejected ourenoy or tho canceled bonds passed through various singes of cancellation, including tho checking off by stub-books. In fact, an amount of money lias always boon chorgod against tho Treasury equal to that which could bo manufactured from tho amount of paper made, and this charge dates from tho moment the paper leaves tbo mill. It Is necessary, therefore, that* every scrap of the paper should be accounted for, wheth er it bo finally issued os mouoy or not. Dar ing tho various processes of pribiiug, stamp tog, sorting, counting, numbering, etc., every piece passes through - different departments, each acting as a cheek upon tho others. Tho numbering alone would defeat any effort at wholesale robbery, and load to tho detection of isolated oases. Tho numbers are consecu tive, and are affixed as tho currency and bonds arc' finally issued. Any currency or bonds stolon or not destroyed when so or dered would bo duplicate in number, and this alone would soon load to their detection in passing through tho hands of bankers and returning to tho Treasury. With this system it is unreasonable to suppose that there has boon a general and systematic robbery of tho public moneys, or any thefts of a considers bio amount which have not been discovered. Nevertheless, wo hopo tho investigation will go on} for, though a costly proceeding on a frail basis, it will bo worth while to estab lish tho fact thus publicly and officially that there is a system for manufacturing and handling tho mouoy and bonds which does not admit of robbery. THE NECESSITY OF SILVER DOLLARS. Tbo new coinage of tho United States has been gratefully received by tho American people. At least one-third of tho pooplo have attained adult age since silver disap* poored from circulation. Gold coinage has been far more familiar in business than sil ver during tho last fifteen years. Tho sub stitution of silver for tho fractional currency will prove of groat benefit, provided that tho policy thus happily began shall be main tained. Tho silver coinage is a cariosity, in one sense, to thousands. As it becomes dis tributed there will be a largo amount of it put away in small sums, and not paid ont again until tho last fractional noto has disap peared. Tho highest sum of frac tional currency outstanding at any ouo time was forty-six millions of dol lars, and (his includes all of that currency which has been lost and destroyed since tho first issue in 1802 and 18G3. But tho demand for small silver will far exceed that which has over existed for tho fractional paper currency. It will require nearly twice os much silver, because a largo proportion of tbo latter will bo hoarded and pat aside, until it has been issued in such largo sums as to have it in general use, and in such abundance that it can bo easily obtained when wanted. The bill which has passed Congress author izes the issue of silver coinage in redomptibn of tho fractional currency. Of this there was In circulation on tho Ist of last Febru ary $12,000,000, and of this sum over $lO,- 000,000 ore of tho earlier issues. Tho issue of $30,000,000 of silver coin will be wholly Inadequate, and tho fact that its issue is al together insufficient will result in ita being promptly hoarded. In wise anticipation of tho popular de mand of tho couulry for silver, and for a largo amount of it, the Finance Committee of the Senate has reported a bill providing for tho continuance of tho silver coinage permanently, that tho growing preference for tho coin may bo satisfied. Tho issue of thirty millions will, if it bo ascertained that no more Is to bo issued, hardly satisfy thbso who will put it away to keep in sums ranging from $2 to S2OO, and the whole value of the silver scheme will be lost. There is, more over, no rational pretext for coining silver unless it bo to furnish tho public with silver currency. To coin only to tbo extent of sup plying tho demand for hoarding, is to produce a contraction and a groat public inconven ience. Tho coinage, to bo of any conven ience and benefit to tho public, should con tinue so long os there was O' demand for it, and ho long as tho public shall bo willing to give paper currency in exchange for it. Tho present comparatively small Issue will only servo to familiarize tho pooplo with the coin, and to induco them to such a general exchange of paper therefor. Silver coinage is tho greatest of all exploders of inflation. The man who receives and handles silver will never more ask or favor the issue either of paper *“ money " or paper promises, unless these promises bo redeemable on demand in the coin. Thosilvcrcoin should therefore con tinue to bo Issued until the edautry was so supplied that there would bo no farther de mand for it But tho coinage should go on so long os the demand may exist for it. Tho Souulo bill provides for tbe coinage of silver dollars of tbo standard weight, of which none have been coined since 1853, and theso ore to bo a legal-tender to tho amount of S2O. Those silver dollars will have a value of some four cents greater than tho small coins. ‘When this weight was established for silver dollars, it boro the then existing pro portion to tho gold dollar that silver did to gold. Subsequently silver advanced, and our coins being worth moro as bullion thou coin were melted and shipped. For this reason tin) weight of the small coins was reduced and tho coinage of dollars discontinued. Now tho value of silver iu gold has such an extent that tho dollars may be safely coined at their old standard and Jbe worth more as coins than as bullion. The Senate bill authorizes the exchange by the Treasury of these silver dollars for greenbacks. The Immediate effect will be to put the greenbacks and the silver dollars on on equality in value. This would produce no contraction, because there would be a silver dollar put In circula tion for every greenback given in exchange, and the exchange would bo modo only to the extent that the public desired or preferred silver to paper. There Is no serious danger to bo apprehended from the fall of silver. The panic in the silver market has bad its run; and, though silver may never again reach the price in gold it once brought, the causes loading to its sudden dcoliuo have comparatively become exhausted. From 1833 to 1831 the price of silver in England was C 9 pence per standard ounce. It then advanced, and in 1°59 commanded 62J ponce per ounce. In 1862 it declined to 61} ponce, and in 1673, when the German Govern mont announced its intention to demon* notizo silver, the price fell to 58 pence, and since then has fallen os low as 52} pence. A reaction has begun, and that it will advance to 54 or 65 pence is probable. Whatever fluctuation may take place in the value of silver will be slight, and the silver dollar will always be loss exposed to combi nations in the market than the paper dollar, and, being exchangeable for the latter, will give to the greenback a stability it has never yot possessed. The exchange would neces sarily bo gradual, because limited to the means of the Government to purchase silver bullion. The annual contribution to the sinking fund has hitherto been about.thirty millions of dollars ; and tins amon&t of sil ver coinage would in time furnish the people with oil the silver money they will need, taking the place of the same omout of paper, and advancing the value of the latter to that of the silver dollar. The necessity of the continuance of silver coinage so long as the country has use for it and prefer it to paper, is obvious. It is popular, it Is substantial; it bos a value which cannot bo changed by tbo operations of a single market. It will not only be non-fluctuating itself, but will give equal permanence to tbo greenback. The people, themselves, want tbo silver, and so soon as they got it the voice of tbo infla tionist will become silent, and the roar for .more greenbacks will bo hoard of no more in the land. In order that the significance of the para graph in Tub Thujune’s dispatches of yester day relative to Air. Fbanois B. Hates' sailing from Boston to Europe may bo understood, tho alleged relations between Mr. Hayes and Mr. Blaine in tho Fort Smith & Little Book bonds should bo explained. Tho charge is that Mr. Blaine sold Mr. Hates some $76,- 000 worth of these bonds, which ho is alleged ’to have received in consideration of Con gressional services in securing on extension of tho Fort Smith «fc Littlo Book land-grant. It is said that Mr. Hates paid Mr. Blaine about par for those bonds, though they wore comparatively worthless at tho time. The reason assigned for such purchase is that Mr. Hayes, at that time Presi dent of the Atlantic & Pacific Bail road, was interested in scouring legislation from Congress enabling his Company and also the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Boilroad to en ter upon their lands by tho abrogation of a prior Indian claim to which tho lauds were subject when Congress made tho grant. It will bo seen that Mr. Hayes was an important witness in the Blaine charges, sinco his ad-* mission of tho allegations would show Mr. Blaine to* have been in possession of a largo amount of Fort Smith «fc Littlo Bock bonds, and also that ho must have expected some sotvico from Mr. Blaine in return for his purchase of a lot of worthless bonds at par. Hayes' departure, under these circumstances, was certainly unfortunate, and tho more so os several Now England papers, including tho Springfield Republican and tho Boston Herald , notified him that ho would be expected to give his testimony on those points. In case it shall bo determined to Invest!* goto the charges chat have boon mode against Mr. Blaine, the witnesses who have thus far been referred to as having knowledge of the transactions ore as follows s Mr. John S. 0. IlAiuasoN, Government Director of the Union Pacific, who is said to have moved an investi gation in the Board; E. 11. Bollins, the Treas- urer of the Union Pacific Company, who is said to have stopped this investigation; James P. Wilson, of lowa, also a Government Di rector of. the Uiiion Pacific, who is said to have boon informed by Mr. Blaine that the latter sold the bonds for a friend; and Mr. Fbanois B. Hates, of Boston (who loft so suddenly for Europe), who is said to have purchased s7fi,ooo of the bonds from Mr. Blaine. Wo have also been informed that Mr. Milla&d, another Government Di rector of Union Pacific, overheard Hol lins' statement to ILarbisos. In the alleged transfer of Kansas Pacific bonds to Mr. Blaine, the witnesses would bo Josfern B. Stewabt, the Washington lobbyist who is said to have made the transfer of the bonds; Judge Biddle, Stewaut’b partner, who is said to have been cognizant of the transfer; and Joun D. Pebbt, the President of the Kansas «k Pacific Bailroad, who is supposed to bo in possession of Stewart's letter set ting forth the transfer. If Mr. Blaine’s statement loaves any room for doubt ing the integrity of his Congressional career, it would seem to be on easy matter, by the summoning of those witnesses, to arrive at tho exact truth. Tho ludlcroußuoas of tempestuous donnnola tion of Chinese immigration, because it fur* nishes them with cheap aud therefore profita ble labor, has dawned upon tbe Californians, and they now object to tho Celestials because they don’t bay farms instead of working in the cities and in tho mines. Tho Ban Francisco Bulletin, which has kindly undertaken to en lighten Tub Tuidukb upon (bat subject, makes Ibis explanation. It says there are 80,000,000 acres of laud in California waiting Bottlers to convert these Into fruitful farms, aud that what California wants is somebody who will do that. Tho Bulletin omits mention of tho trifling cir cumstance that the bulk of those lands have been grabbed b; railroad and great proprietors, whoso estates are measured by the league, and who for lauds that can only be made productive by irrigation demand twice what the best lands in Illinois, lowa, Kansas, and Nebraska can bo bought for. Tbe Jhittehn further explains that the Chinese do not buy farm lauds because they aro servile laborers,—that is, are owned by the Six Companies, and, anyhow, tue Californians don't want slavery in their Btate. Certainly not. But if the Chinamen are hold in slavery in defiance of our laws and Constitution, why not, through tbe courts, make an end of that slavery, instead of exterminating the slaves, as the hoodlums of iho Pacific Coast pant to do ? The California courts have ample power to free every enslaved Chinaman \ why don’t they do so ? The pretext is, to put it in the current slang, too thin. There isn’t a Chinaman in California who does not know that slavery is prohibited in this country, nor we believe one who is not bis own master and pockets his own earnings. When the Bulletin again casts about for some excuse for the barbarous caste preju dice egaloat tbe Chinese, which is because they work cheaply, as they have to do to get employ. ment let It find aomelblog more to the point than that the? do not do aorae other kind of work than that In which the? engage. THIS PO3T-OPFIOB EXHIBIT, A vary iDlereattog table of etaliatlce hat re* caoll? been sent to the Senate from the Post* Office Department, showing the recelpta and ex* pomllluroa at different poet*oflleea in the coun try for the year 1875. The Urgoat rocelpta aro, of course, from the Now York Poet-Office, which wore last year nearly (>3.000,000. The expenses wore 27 per cent of tha receipts. Philadelphia comes next, Boston next. Chicago next, and 61. Loula fifth. The following table represent* the principal offices of the country : I | | Naas of office and g ■g 8«- g _ BUto. f S ?o s ° c g I” a? i i i stl i L-iill Albany, N.Y 131,93*1 71,937 99 1(1 Ballimore.Md 835,171) 189,934 28 17 Bloomington, lib 90,379 13,110 31 14 Boston, Mas *>l,2** 393,308 33 11 Brooklyn, N. Y 188,886 131.331 37 47 Buffalo, N. Y 143,030 f. 8,314 29 23 Burlington, la 28,4*4 U. 328 32 13 Chicago, 111 ;.. 903,400 811,923 41 14 Cincinnati, 0...; 3.4'i.0.M) 140.2*9 30 15 Cleveland, 0 1R1.328 70,408 23 18 Davenport, 1a.......... 39,rtC6 18,701' 38 18 Dos Moines, Is. 33,538 15,354; 33 13 Detroit, Mich 185,300 68.900 23 ( 15 Dilbunuo, la 28,Ml 13.694 33 , 11 Fort Wayne, tnd 30,400 18,5841 48 18 Grand Rapids, Mich... -41,383 18.6W 1 33 13 Indianapolis, Ind 135,4841 78,518 41 15 Kansas City, Mo 40.014 31,5*4 43 19 Layfoyelto, Ind 3».314 13,398 47 13 Leavenworth, Ka . 22.057 12.570 43 13 Louisville, Ry 151,910 03,010 33 18 Milwaukee, Win 130,000 63.300 21 17 Minneapolis, Minn 30,081, 22.01rti 40 14 New Orloms, Ls 201,474) 108,157131 19 New York, N.Y 2,9«7,07« 1,187,047127 13 Omaha, Nob 35,58 ) 20,019, 44 11 Feorls, 111 30,8*) I 10,629 30 16 Philadelphia, Pa. 068,813 414,0111 20 22 Pltiabnrg. Pa 217,387 74,2001 2i 11 Quincy, Hi 30,001 17,021 39 17 fit. Josonb, Mo 33,204 18,843 48 12 St. Louis, Mo 416,603 317,537 27 21 Bt. Paul, Minn 56,157 21,447 27 II Springfield, 111 20,730 12,213 36 10 Toledo, 0 78,946 28.088 18 14 While Chicago stands fourth on tbo list of receipts, she la but & few thousand dollars bo* low Boston or Philadelphia, and moro than double that of St. Louis. New York, of course, elands atone. Boston, Philadelphia, and Chicago belong to tbo same group of cities whose re* coipts exceed 9 IKK),000. Bt. Louis, Cincinnati, and Baltimore belong to a group yielding more than 9335,000 and loss than 9150,000 of receipt*. Pittsburg, Now Orleans, Cleveland, Detroit, and Brooklyn belong to the fourth category. Pooria stands at the head of the Illinois cities of the second class. Ban Francisco does not appear in tho table. Tho ora of Congressional investigations that will find onfc tho truo-lnwardnees of things in vestigated la evidently drawing to a close under the investigation mania that has seized upon the Democratic House. In the case of Hallett Emnoumt, It was practically decided that the House could not compel a witness to toil more than bo chose about anything, nor to produce documentary evidence in his possession after tbo witness claimed to bo of opinion that tbo documents wore private property and not evi dence. In tbo SoneKoK matter it has boon de monstrated that anything other than tbo real point of inqniry can bo investigated by the week ; and in numberless instances, last of which la the departure of Mr. F. B. Hates for Europe, that tbo repositories of moat desirable information are singularly liable to ombarkon foreign tours at tbo precise time when the Committees want to pos sess themselves of that information. Tbo query which it all suggests Is, What Is the nse of inves tigating when witnesses cannot be compelled to enswor, and when, as in the Credit Mobilior, and Pacific Mail, Little Rook Railroad bond notes, and other investigations, (ho witnesses who know something and might toll It simply go abroad until the thing blows over ? Tho excep tional cases are those wherein somebody atro ciously libeled, like Secretary BniSTOW in tho Mary Merritt matter, forces bis assailants to ex pose upon what slender foundation In fact their slanders wore based, by requiring them to fetch forward their witnesses, that tho testimony of those may bo mot. For the rest, a Congressional investigation seems tho surest mode of getting out of tho way all material testimony as io tho subject of investigation. The obstacles to Got. Tilden’s proposed plan for deepening tbo Erie Canal, so as to give an “ honest 7 feet of water " along the entire line, are sot forth by the New York Canal Oommls sionors in tbelr report to the Legislature upon the recommendations of tbo Governor’s mes sage. The; state that there is no difficulty in navigating tbo canal with boats of S feet draft and 210 tons burden, bat that to deepen the channel ouo foot additional would require an alteration of all the locks, aqueducts, and cul verts from Lockuort to Albany, which could ouly bo done at an enormous cost. They also urge that tbo canal for long distances in many places was dug through porous, sandy soil, which had to bo puddloa, and that, wore it deepened, the lose of water by absorption and percolation would bo so great as to seriously reduce the volume unless the worn were again puddled nod the bank strengthened, which would luvolve a vast out lay. Instead of deepening, tbo Commissioners recommend raising the banka one foot, in order to gain the additional foot of water, and estimate that $2,000,000 would do tbo work, including tbo cost of raising bridges. Tbo indications aro that, in the discussion os to bow it shall be accomplished, tho great work of Increasing tbo capacity of tbo canal will be deferred until tho further diversion of tho crain trade of the West aud Northwest from Now York to Baltimore, Boston, and other Atlantic porta, shall drivo tbo Now York Legislature to do something besides talk about Improving the Erie Canal. Tbo London 3kmee of the 7th iost. contains a second installment of tho derails of the new Domesday Book, some statistics from which on land-ownership have already been printed iu TubTuidunb. The following additional figures will be of interest: Tho highest rental* por acre Is SO shillings, and eleven counties range from 80s to 23a. In England and Wales, with a population of 10,458,009, there are 3,8-11,354 In habited houses and 972,030 owners. The num ber of owners of -quo acre and upwards la 260,517, and there aro 703,230 owners belaw one acre. The immense property of the three larg est owners is shown by tbo fact that they own •122,210 acres, tho aggregate rental of which la $2,001,005. Tho hundred largest private owners in England and Wales hold 8,352,000 acres, which Is one-tooth of the entire area. The land-holders of Scotland, which has a total acre age of 18,040,094, number 132,230. Summed up, one person in every twenty of the popula tion in England Is a land-ownsr, aud one in every twenty-five in Scotland. One household er iu every four in England is a land-owner, and one In every throe hi Scotland, It has always boon a mooted question where aud bow lbs block raco originated. In oue of tbo Targuzua a mootiou is made of men being created black, white, and rod, but tbs moat ex* pilot alatomont Is contained on one of tbo re cently discovered Assyrian tablets containing tbe creation legends. Ono ot these tablets baa tbs following lines: “May ha establish and may bis will not fall In tbe mouth of the black raco whom his bands have made." On another tablet there U a bymu to tbe god Mirodaou, In which occurs tbs following passage t “ Among mankind, even tbs men of tbo black race, tbe sunportor of all life whoso name la proclaimed on earth." As these tablets contain legends ap pertaining to tbelr creation, onr colored breth ren are warranted In tracing themselves quite as far back as any uf the rest of os, whatever our color may bo. Uaaaacbuseits is about to lose another vener able tree which has poetical aasociatloua. It is the identical “ spreading chestnut Ires " in Cam* bridge under which the M tillage smithy * stood, li la to ha oat down, bat e portion of it will be preserved in the form of » chair, whsoh la to be presented to LonarßLtow, who a«m the oallb and amlth? down to fame. A recant ease in a Paris court develops con siderable looseness In the marriage relations hi Home, especially la high quarters. II appears from the evidence in the ease that s nephew ol Cardinal Aktoneuj married a Mia* Qinoia, whoso father was ennobled a* one of the inci dents of the ceremony, and who subsequently died ami left bis fortune, as was supposed, to bis daughter as only heir. But, a* baa often happened before, numerous other Caucus turned up. children. of negro women In the Vest Indies, whom the old gentleman bad loved not wisely hut too well The niece of Anto helli set up the claim that these dark-complex ioned children were Illegitimate, and therefore had no claim on the property. Thereupon thi tropical claimauls proved In the courts that th* niece of Cardinal Antomellt was the daughtet of an actress to whom the old gentleman'wai married long after Miss GAUoiA’a birth waa !□< scribed In the publio records. FEBBOHAL. A little Hoee Horace was born oa the Otb leak The richest Chinaman in California is Li Po Tab a physician. Ho owna 175,000 worth of rsa) estate. Mrs. Nolly Grant-Sartorla is to pass (ho non season In London, and he presented at Court a* an Englishwoman. Ulbb Lotts, the actress, has rented Hr. Potter Palmer’s cottage at Newport, and will take pos session early In June. The Lyceum Committee, of Lawrenco, Mass., declined tbo risk of offering Mr. Beecher S3OO for a lecture. Ills prioe used to be SI,OOO to $1,600. Mr. James Gordon Bennett will soon publisl in pamphlet form his powerful article* on ‘‘The Poa-Ciop iu Texas " and "The Genesis of (he Roloy-Boloy Association." Madame Bonaparto-Patterson, of Baltimore, whoso severe illaoss was mentioned a few days ago, la now recovering. Bbo long ago assorted that she would reach the age of 100 years. Tbo London Times, a float authority in the premises, says, in its issue of tbo 22d lost, t 11 Wo cannot accept, nor oao we believe any En glishman will aoo«pt, Signor Rossi’s Hamlet a• in any sense the Hamlet of Bbakspeare." Mies Mollio Stockton, ot Nevada, recently thrashed a soboolmaetor, and. fai explanation ot tho transaction, said : "lam well - tbatf tbo poor female is too often trampled o»^ a f without Just cause.” The Now York Herald states, evidently on au thority, that Mr. F. B. Wards, now acting with Mr. Booth in this city, baa made no ar rangements for next season. The report that ho had engaged with the California Theatre U pronounced erroneous, Doan Stanley gave fresh evidence of his liber ality by officiating at the unveiling of the table! erected in Westminster Abbey to the memory 01, John Wesley and his brother Charles. Tho Lon don newspapers spoke of the ceremony a* unique of Ite kind—" unprecedented in the his tory of that or any similar ecclesiastical edifice." Dr. J. B. Sylvester, one of the most distin guished mathematicians ot England, lately ap pointed to the Ohairof Mathematics in the Johnk : Hopkins University, baa made a discovery which is prononucod by Horbori Spencer as pregnant of momentous consequences In science as that which gave renown to the name of Isaao New ton. It Is stated that when Secretary Boulwell vis ited tbo late Mr. Stewart to consult him in re gard to our national finances, the latter, after a few minutes’ conversation, said: M 1 under stand that you are about to buy new carpets for tho Treasury building, and I with to remint} you that we are in a position to furnish them cheap er than any other house." The quarrel between the Duke and Dnohoas ot Edinburg baa become a matter of international importance. Mr. Smalley writes : " The visit to Petersburg, ibr which the death of tho Duchess’ aunt furnished a convenient pretext, was really a polite means of effecting a separation. . . , The Czar’s love for bis daughter is one of tho strong passions of lus life ; what may he not do to avenge the fancied slights which she believes she has had to bear 7" The Rev. H. R. Hawols, whom Moo core Coo way describes is "the always saif-wiUsd ora tor," has preached a sermon in which )}o declares that be boiloves in no such thing as arch-fiend. Tho opinion of eminent counsel Is bomg taken as to whether Mr. Hawois may not be successfully prosecuted; for, In determining that a man may be given tbo sacrament without believing In a devil, tho Privy Council has not decided that a clergyman need not believe that doctrine. Spnrgoon does not agree with Moody on church fairs. Moody says tho devil Is io them. Spurgeon saya it is hotter to give money out right than to raise it by a fair, but that when cash donations cannot be obtained a fair la tho next beat thing. He also says that church fairs bring out the talent of the sisters, and that be foolsaare there is not an article offered for sale that has not been prayed over, as tbo mother of Moses la said to bavo prayed when sbo made bis cradle. Tho marrlaee about to take place in Paris be tween Mile, do Qontaut-Btron, daughter of the French Ambassador at Berlin, aud Count Talley- raod-Porigord, Lieutenant in the Lancers of the Iloyal Prussian Guard, has excited much indig nation. Tho Count is an apoatfte Frenchman, having gone over to Prueaia ten years ago and fought against bis native country in tbo late war. Tbo fattier of tho lady opposed tho match with all the moans at bis command, but she, being 30 years old aud full of grit, sent him t peremptory legal demand for his consent by a Upstair or bailiff, and be was obliged to yield. Mr. Weston, tbo pedestrian, baa contributed , something to the general stock of information in England. Inquisitive medical gentlemen who watched bim daring bis public exhibitions dis covered that be used “coca" habitually as a stimulant, " Coca "—which is a totally different thing from cocoa—is a plant indigenous to the high lands of the Andes. It (s welt known in Porn, whore tho dried leaves are chewed by all classes, ai tobacco is hero. Tbo symptoms of intoxication produced by It comprise heightened temperature, quickened pulse, strong dealre for active locomotion, with increased sense of strength and agility, followed by apathy and sleep, from which the patient wakes without de bility or unpleasant feelings. hotel xamvALa. Patvur Bxmucl Bolton, Archibald Taylor, E. o. Holbrook, Mow York; O, M. Wbltnsy, Odell: O.R. Higgins, Fort Wayne; Samuel Brown, Boaton; J. E. Burton, Genera Lake (WU.) Iltrald; Q, McD. Bowman and Jamaa E. Davy, Now South Wales ; Hen ry Hornby, England; J. Carlyle, Sydney, N. 8. W. { A. F. Bullard, Grand Baplds; W, Bullard, Buffalo; 0. J. Irish, Itadne; J. D. Cady, Pittsburg....Grand /■oct/le—Judge David Barer, Burlington; Judge John B. Millar, DesUoLuea; the lion. Lorenso Dow, New York; ei-Gor. Bamuel Merrill, lowa J the Hon. Jolm U. Syphir, M. 0., Louisiana t 1L E. I‘aimer, I’ialUmoulL Neb.; Judge O. 8. Eldrtdge. Ottawa} U. L. 11. Gwent, Vermillion. D. T.{ ILJ. llredllnger, Denver; Lewis Yellaua, Now York; W. J. MoUlnuoy, Cleveland; T. A. Meytonburg, St, Louts; J. U. Me* Farlanc, ban Frauclaco; J. K. Jones, (Julncy; W. u> OoltrlU, Milwaukee....mmonl lioui* Hugh Bsrues, Toronto: Edward Wilson, Now York; J. A. Oloee, Lake Superior; D. fl. Clark. Now York; the Uon. B. M. Springer, Yorkvllle; Albert B. Smith, llockfurd; Gen. W. Q. Howe, Boaton; M. O. Dickey, Cleveland : the lion. Samuel Loouard, New Bedford} Col. John M. Oberly, Cairo (111.) UuOtUn: O. £ Chllda, Now Orleans; Fraud* Hathaway and It. N. Huntley, Indiana p 0115... ./ftmmm if ouie—J. O. Doty, Now York; OoU J. 0. Wyatt, Fond da Lao; F. K. OrvU« Dixon, 111; the Uon. O. O. Tattle, Connecticut: Ms> U. Willson, 0. 8. A.J the Uon. Btoucl Bmiui, B 1 Louis; 00l 8. B. Boeber, New York; thi Uon. 1L J. Rogars, ApnUlon, WU.: tb» Uon. U. Redmond, New Yon; Col, J. N. Ray mood, Now York ; the Uon, M. D, Beecher, Delavau, HI.; Col. 0. W. Frye, U. B. Boaton; theUon. V. B. Landon, Hartford; the Bon. a Rowland, Nmxu nee, WU. s J. KuJgbt, Cincinnati { R» L. Jankina, he* York.... tiardntr Uouu—(Horn Bogera, Cincinnati I Mrs. Horace L. Wheeler and MUa Ida Wbaalar, Greet Bay * Mrs. 0. U. Bwalce, UunUrilla, Ala.; J. F. Lerri», New York; B. W. Dennis and J. S. Ouliiuof* Baltimore; J. W. Usodencw, BalUmers.

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