Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 26, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 26, 1876 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE, or atmscnirtiox (rATADLE in advance). piitHßO Prepaid at tlila Office. Dally Edition, portptld. 1 raw. Part* of year at unto rata. Maltad toaßyaddr*«lN>imwiKMfftr.......... 1.00 Bondar BdUlom Lllorary and llollutom Doublo Parte of year at name rate. WCKKLT EOITION, rOSTPAIO. Oaa copy, per year 9}.f;o Clnbof flve.pereopy I*VV Olobof twenty, poreopjr , .... I*lo 1 ba po«tago laid cent* a year, wbleu ve will prepay. Hpeelreeo eopiee eent free. To prevent delay and rnlitakca, be tore and «lva Post- Office tddrew In full, InelndincState and County. Kamlitaoeea may be made either by draft, espreaa, Fott-Ufflce order, or In reylalorod letter* at oar »l»k. Tvnue to city iUßacninyjui. Dally, delivered, Sunday excepted, 25 conte per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included. 30 centa nor week. Addrru TilK TRIIIUNK COMPANY,. Comer Madison and llearborn eta.. Chicago 111. AMUSEMENTS. UOOLErS THEATRE-Ilandolph utrert, between Clark and LaSalle. EDgaflpnient of Katie Putnam. Afternoon, “ Little Barefoot." Evening, “ Fancbon." MoYICBCIPS THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn ami Slate. 14 Hamlet." ADELI’III THEATRE—Monroe direct, corner Dear born. Variety entertainment. Afternoon and evening. SOCIETY MEETINGS. HESPERIA LODOF- Mo. 411, A. F. ft A.Regular communication this (Wednesday) evening, April 20, at 7:30 o'clock. A full attendance la desired as bualnm oflmporUneo will bo brought before the Lodge. 0. 11. JJUENAN, W. U. 0. F. FOEUSTCn. Bee. W&l (S&ttQtr fjfaSbim. Wednesday Moraine, April 29, 1870. ■Warmer and partly cloudy weather is un derlined for this region to-day. Greenbacks at the Now York Gold Ex change yesterday closed nt SSif. The Mississippi Committee of tho Senate is abont to begin Its inquiry into tho election frauds and outrages committed in that State. Ex-Gov. Ames is to bo in Washington soon, and will bo tho first witness to bo heard. After that tho Committee will proceed to Mississippi and hold sessions at various points. Tho base-ball season may now bo consid ered as fairly inaugurated, tho Chicago Club having played its first game. Louisville had tho honor of contributing to the first victory of the reorganized nino from Chicago, and Cincinnati and St. Louis will bo similarly favored as soon as may be. It will bo in teresting to note the rivalry between these threo Western cities to eeo which shall realize tho proud satisfaction of being second to Chicago in base-ball. Tho Democratic City Council, of Indian apolis, called a sly special mooting Alonday afternoon, prepared an ordinance gerryman dering the wards of tho city, and passed tho some ordinance Alonday night at a regular session. Tho dispatches state that tho Bo publicans of tho city held an indignation meeting in front of the Journal office last night, and that tho unwashed, for tho sake of returning an uuterrified Boland for their opponents’ menacing Oliver, will hold a ratification pow-wow to-night in front of the Sentinel office. Tho legality of tho recent action of the Town Board of South Chicago in declaring town offices vacant and filling them by ap pointment is about to bo tested in the Courts, Ed Phillips, tho ousted Assessor, having yesterday applied for an injunction to restrain his sacccssor from entering npon tho duties of tho office. This move will be vigorously resisted by able lawyers, and, os it is the duty and inclination of the courts to protect the interests of honesty and decency, it may bo safely predicted that Phillips will have no easy road to the possession of an office to which ho was never elected. Tho House Judiciary Committee has caused to bo sont to each of the Pacific Bailroad Presidents a letter inviting propositions for the creation of a sinking fond to apply on tho payment of tho principal and interest of tho bonds advanced by tho Government. The Committee would like to know what tho companies will do in dollars and cents, but intimates plainly that a repetition of tho monstrous impudence which characterized tho offer to roconvoy millions of acres of worthless lands at $2.50 per acre will not bo acceptable. It is time these grabbing cor porations wore brought to terms. Massachusetts is in a state of fermentation on tho subject of Presidential candidates, and the Stato Convention, which meets to day to scloot delegates to Cincinnati, is ex pected to bo the scone of a spirited contest between the supporters of Bris tow and Blaine. A strong movement in the Bristow interest has been successfully Inaugurated, and it is believed that it will be ablo to secure a majority of tho delega tion. The Boston Bristow Club held a public meeting last evening, dedicating its new hall to tho cause of “Bristow and Honesty." The address was delivered by the Bov. James Freeman Clarke, and tho ovdnt was a nota ble one in Massachusetts politics. The Common Council had a profitless ses sion last night, and adjourned after accom plishing very littlo toward completing tho canvass of tho voto. Tho difficulty seems to bo to preserve a quorum in tho chain ber during the canvass, which could bo rapidly finished if thero woro more work and loss talk. Tho respectable mem bers of the Council are anxious that the canvass should proceed with all possible dis patch, but unless tho door is looked or the neighboring saloons closed, there is not much use in trying to keep tho bummer clement at work. It may become necessary to supply boor and whisky in tho ante-room, in order to Insure tho attendance of a quorum and tho completion of the canvass. They have what they coll a New York Pioneer Association in Toronto. Why this body Adopted the name it bears is not stated in the announcement that they have con cluded not to Oentenniolize this year. The excuse for omitting to celebrate is given though, and it is so Cannuckisb that, were the date to the dispatch containing the item omitted, there would be little trouble in guessing at its source. After much discus sion these aforetime New Yorkers concluded that their mission was to honor Canadians and not Americans, and thus they declined to effervesce. They are possibiy the immedi ate descendants of the men who left New York for Oonoda about the year *76, and who Win not particular os to the manner of their ______ ThAChlocgo produce markets were irregular ftfUrday. Uese pork was dull, and de •Uned Ito per brl, closing at $21.62} for Mur and $31,77} for Jans. Lard was less asd tope* 100 lbs lower, closing easy at $18.27$ for May And $13.42$ for Juno. Meats were in light demand and easier, at Bso for boxed shoulders, 11 Jo for do short ribs, and 12$o for do short clears. ITighwinos were quiet and firm, at $1.07 per gallon. Flour vos quiet and steady. Wheat was active and 2@2sc lower, closing at OIJo for regular ond 99;|0 for May. Corn was active and In lower, closing at 43jjc for April aud 45j0 for May. Oats wore moderately active, and Je lower, closing at 82$o for May and 320 for Juno. Hyo was dull at 66@G5jc. Harley was quiet and l@lso lower, closiug at r. 70 for May ond 6lsc for June. Hogs were in good demand at Go decline, selling at $7.G0@8.25 for poor to extra. Tho cattle trade was lifeless, with prices weak. Sales ut $2.f»0(5D5.10 for inferior to choice. Sheep wore dull and weak. Last Saturday evening there was in store in this city 2,065,330 bn wheat, 1,310,820 bn corn, £88,025 bn oats, (G,G93 bu rye, and 198,196 bu barley. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $112.60 in greenbacks at the close. .913.00 Barnet Cadi,field's Committee got small satisfaction from tho examination of cx-At (ornoy-Qcncral Aeeruan in relation to tho expenditure of tho Secret Service fund for tho prevention of Now York election frauds. They made o great ado ovqr his unwilling ness to repeat private conversations between himself and tho President, and when they had screwed up their courage to tho point of voting to compel him to divulge, it transpired that thoro was nothing to tell. In place of tho State secrets they expected to extort, tho voluble witness poured into unwilling cars his knowledge of tho gigantic frauds perpetrated by tho Now York Democracy,—precisely tho things which tho majority of tho Committee did not want to hoar. “ Little Johnnt Daven port " is to be hoard again, in tho expecta tion of developing that ho made big profits in his position ns Supervisor of Elections, when tho fact is that his enthusiasm for the work carried him heavily Into debt. Barnet's scavengers are having a tedious time in scour ing for Presidential scandal. In relation to the Kansas Pacific bond charges, concerning which no allusion was mado by Air. Blaine in his statement of Monday, a Topeka, Kan., dispatch supplies various foots of interest. It appears that the story is on old one, having been published in 1872 by tho New York 3’riiune, and subse quently disproved and withdrawn. Tho person in question is not tho Hon. James G. Blaine, but is Joun E. Blaine, formerly of Kansas, and now of Aloutana. Tho latter obtained some Kansas Pacific bonds in 1801 or 1862, between ono and two years previous to tho nomination of James G. Blaine for his first Con gressional term. Statements in writing wore mado in 1872 by Thomas Ewing, Jr., and Col. John B. Stewart, both in tho omploy of tho Kansas Pacific Boad, distinctly and specific ally denying that James G. Blaine up to that time had any connection with, or interest in, the Company, either as stockholder, agent, or employe, or in any capacity whatsoever. Moreover, it appears that the coart records do not show tho name of James G. Blaine, and that tho revival of tho story, which was sot at rest long ago, is utterly gratuitous and malicious. ____________ DEMOCRATIC CONGRESSIONAL IMBECIL ITY. Fivo months have passed away sinco tho Democratic House of Representatives organ ized and entered upon tho long-promised work of restoring the Government to a sound system of finance, currency, tariff, taxation, and of general administration. But tho fivo mouths have gone by and so far thero has not been a reforuiatory act passed; not even a single proposition matured to giro assurance and confidence to an anxious and expectant country. For sixteen years the Democratic party has been asking tho country to givo it a majority in Congress that it might bring the coantry back to a sound currency, low taxation, and general prosperity, and for six months tho Democratic Jparty has been in tho abso lute control of tho Hooso of Representatives, tho fountain of all revenue legislation, and what has it done ? The Democratic members of both Houses, after protracted caucusing, wore tumble to agroo upon any measure relating to green backs, National Bonk notes, expansion or contraction, or specie payments. Though tho Democrats are numerically almost two to one, no proposition of any kind relating to either of these subjects has received the voto to take it up for consideration, much less a voto approving it. On all that relates to finance aud currency, tho Hooso is more at sea than it has boon for ton years, and tho Democratic majority confess to on utter in ability to deal with any branch of the ques tion, or to pass any act of legislation In re lation thereto. For fifteen years the people and the coun try have boon subjected to an infamous sys tem of tariff taxation which has been destroy ing the trade, defeating revenue, impoverish ing the producers, and consuming the sub stance of the whole people. If there bo one thing in the ante-Wor history of the Demo cratic party entitling it to honor and credit it was the zeal, and earnestness, and fidelity with which it confined taxation to revenue purposes, and administered the tariff on sound and correct principles. A tariff for revenue only, and no taxation except for revenue, constituted a policy which, while scouring prosperity to the country, was ac cepted gospel in the Democratic porty. But the Democratic House, with liberal old from the llepublicans, have not dared to present that question to a vote. The moment that it was suggested that CO per cent bo taken from the tax on the shirts, coats, pantaloons, overcoats, hats, and boots and shoos of men, and as much bo taken from the tax on the clothing of women and children, and from the tools, implements, and mo ohinery of production, and from all the arti clos entering into the general uses of domes tic economy, which reduction of Ux might bo mode with little or no loss of revenue, and to substitute a low tax on tea and coffee, which, when collected, would be all revenue, the traditional followers of the greet Demo cratic fathers, ancient and modern, to nse one of the cant expressions, laid down on the new Tariff bill. Fkbiunoo Wood, who claims to be tbe modern Jxffzkson, Bam lUndall, the Hamilton of this age, Baiinum, who per sonifies the wisdom of Madisom, and Lan pkos, compared with whom Jaobson was insignificant, all entered their protest against any such rational and intelligent proceeding. Tbe Tariff bill—the measure which might have been beneficial to tbe country aud creditable to the party—is therefore os dead in tbe Democratic House os if ,the only Dem ocrats in the body represented Pennsylvania iron and Vermont alate-ponoUa, The House has undertaken to investigate, and has btaa suoousful to the extent el eon TIIE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1870. riding Pendleton and Belknap. It has boon ablonlso toaddslightly to thepiloof muck under which Barcock is burled. It has boon able to detect frauds in tho Indian service, among petty elorks, contractor.*, and others of like character ; but such things are com* mon at all times, and always will bo so long os wo continue tho rotten Civil-Service sys tem invented and put in force by the Demo cratic party. Investigation has perhaps been more of a failure than it wonld have otherwise been had not every step boon interrupted by a Demo crat praying mercy at tho hands of his friends. The Domocratio party in Congress has proved a failnro ; has proved to bo utterly incapable of legislating on any subject. It has no policy in favor of which it can con centrate a majority voto of its own members. The entire energies of tho loaders seem to bo required to hoop a majority from doing that which in their ‘sublime Ignorance and idiotic frenzy it naturally inclines to do. Tho re sult is that tho few intelligent men abandon all reformatory legislation in consideration of tho majority omitting their harlequin per formances. Within a few weeks both parties will have nominated their Presidential tickets, and Congress will have adjourned, leaving every thing at odds and ends oa they were eighteen months ago. The Democratic party must go before the country confessing that, after six months' absolute control of the House of llcproscntativcs, that party was incompont to agree upon one act of legislation to correct or reform any of the many errors of the Re publican party during its rule of sixteen years. With this confession of notorious unfitness to legislate or govern, <?f tho ig norance and demagogism of its leaders in and oat of Congress, it can hardly make a decent appeal to tho people to renew its con trol In Congress, or to bo intrusted with tho general control of tho Government MR. BLAINE’S EXPLANATION. Tho personal statement made by tho Hon. James O. BiiAi.se in reply to recent charges will bo accepted by tho public as a satisfac tory vindication of his personal and official integrity so far as it was affected by tho caso ho considered. Tho charge, or rather tho in sinuation circulated by Alorton’s friends, was that Mr. Blaine had corruptly accepted a number of bonds of tho Fort Smith £ Little Bock Bailroad, for which ho gavo no other consideration than his Congressional vote and influence for somo bill. Tho chargo had never been very distinctly formulated. Thcro was no pretense on tho part of anybody of direct personal knowledge of a transfer of these bonds to Mr. Blaine as a gratuity. It was, at best an inference from certain cir cumstances and statements. It was known that Mr. Blaine was tho possessor of some of these bonds. Then it came out that Mr. Harrison, of Indianapolis, a Morton man, and a Government Director of tho Union Pa cific, had discovered on tho books of tho company a payment' of $04,000 to Moo ton, Bubs & Co. for $75,000 of the Fort Smith Littlo Bock bonds, which were comparatively worthless. Mr. Har msoH says that ho moved an investi gation of this transaction by tho Board of Directors, but was induced to withdraw his resolution by E. 11. Bobbins, Treasurer of the Union Pacific Bailroad Company, who said Blaine had got the money. Mr. James F. Wilson, of lowa, another Government Director of Union Pacific, is said, upon hear ing tho remark, to havo repeated it to Bbatne, and also to havo subsequently re ported Blaine as 1 saying that ho had sold those bonds for a friend. This was tho basis for tho intimation that Air. Blaine had in tho first place received Fort Smith & Little ■ Bock bonds as a gratuity for assisting, as Speaker of tho House, in tho extension of a land-grant which had lapsed, and in tho next place of having unloaded these bonds, through tho agency of Col. Thomas A. Scorr, npon tho Union Pacific Gompony. In his roply to this Insinuation Air. Blaine chose to ignore tho statements Attributed to Alossrs. Harrison, Wilson, and Bobbins, since tho letter which he produces from tho last-named docs not refer to tho remark ho made to Air. Hardison. Tho reason for this is probably that none of those statements came directly from those gentlemen, and Mr. Blaine had no personal knowledge that they had made tho remarks attributed to them. But ho took up the gravamen of tho chargo, and denied folly and explicitly that he had over received a dollar in bonds or other se curities from the Fort Smith «fc Littlo Bock Bailroad as a gratuity, or that ho had ever sold any bonds to Col. Scott, or to Alorton, Bliss «k Co., or to tho Union Pacific Company. This is in contravention of tho explanation which Air. Blaine was said to havo made to Mr. James F. Wilson. Air. Blaine sustains his statement of tho case by letters from Sidney Dillon, now President of the Union Pacific, E. H. Bobbins, Treasurer of that Company, CoL Scott, formerly Presi dent of Union Pacific, and Alossrs. Alorton, Bliss A Co., brokers, all of whom deny very explicitly thatthey have had, either for thorn solves or tho Company they represent, any dealings with Air. Blaine, or that ho received, directly or indirectly, any benefit from the money paid by the Union Pacific to Morton, Bliss & Co. for tho Fort Smith «fc Littlo Book bonds. In addition to these confirmatory letters, Mr. Blaine mokes o statement of his purchase of a certain amount of these bonds at a time when other Now England capitalists were investing in the same securities, and of his having lost $‘.20,000 by tho subsequent decline in their value. It was ptobably the possession of some of theso bonds that gave a color of truth to tho insinuations relative to his acquiring them os a gratuity. In this cose wo are free to say that Mr. Blaine’s statement impresses us as full, satisfactory, and convincing, in tho absence of anything to tho contrary, except tho irresponsible rumors which wore set afloat by In dianapolis parties in tho interest of Air. Morton. TUs statement has an appearance of frankness, without any show of injured innocence and devoid of empty bravado, that must commend it to fair-minded men. If either Mr. Harrison or Air. Wilson know anything to tho contrary, now is tho time for them to speak; if they do not, Mr. Blaine stands fully acquitted before the people so far as the Little Bock bond story is con cerned. The announcement is made that the sus pension of the City National Hank was heard of with great surprise by Comptroller Knox, and that the local Hank Examiner will now undertake a special investigation of its af fairs. 'Would it not be better to have special investigations Ufon rather than after the closing of the doors of weak banks? la there not ah omission of duty somewhere if, notwithstanding periodical examinations on the part of the Government, the necessity for a bank impulsion U teamed with lur- prise by the Comptroller of tho Currency? It would certainly seem, unless there is a de fect in tho law, that the Bank Examiner should bo able to inform himself of any con dltioa of a hank whloh threatens suspension, and that ho should then demand that tho bank strengthen itself, under penalty of ox. posuro and tho proper proceedings for wind, ing up Us affairs. PARTISAN DIRTY WORK. Tho Uouso Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department is composed of tho following nonentities: William Mutcbler, of Pennsylvania, whoever bo may be, Chair* man; ono Andrew It. Boons, of Kentucky; William B. Anderson, of Illinois; a Mr. Laurin D. Woodworth, of Ohio; and John Q. Tufts, Republican, of lowa. Who these gentlemen are, or whero they came from, or what they aro in tho Honso for, no ono can ‘soy with any certainty who has not tho Con* grcssional manuals in his library for refer* cnee. It is to bo presumed, howover, that they wore elected by tho people of some dis tricts to Congress, and that they bavo con stituents behind them, and that they aro serving their country at tho customary per diem and mileage. This Committee of un knowns has emerged from its conventional obscurity at last, evidently desiring to emu late Barnet Caulfield's Committee on Ex penditures in tho Department of Justice. Tho latter Committee having spread its not for tho President, and failed to snare him, tho former has now made a very re markable attempt in tbo samo direc tion. Looking about for some witness who know-something about tbo President, it at last secured a very remarkable one, —a witness as mysterious and almost as silent as tbo Sphinx. Ho was a witness who was big with a secret whioh ho would not divalgo for his life. It was something dreadful, ominous, aud portentous, however; so the Committee wont at him and bored for tho secret. They pumped him, threatened him, cajoled him, bullied him, browbeat him, and at last, after badgering him for a full hour, they threatened him with immediate Impris onment. Then tbo mysterious witness was delivered of his harrowing secret. Tho President of tho United States had ruined his betrothed. Hero was. richness, —an em barrassment of riches oven. Tho Demo* erotic unknowns jumped at it like a trout at a fly, aud they pressed him to a climax that they might know tho full length and breadth of tho Bocchorian wrong which tho Presi dent hod inflicted upon this man's domestic happiness; that they might bruit it abroad in all tbo Demo cratic newspapers how a Republican had worked the ruin of a virtuous mold aud betrayed the confidence of an honest man ; that they might got Grant into the cave of gloom after riding him on tho ragged edge, and stamping him as a lecherous Lothario. Then up spoke this model witness, and said ho s 44 1 want you to understand, gentlemen, that Prcmdont Grant in the body never did mo or mine harm. Ho has only done mo that great wrong as a spirit." The corpus of tho President slipped out of tho not. Tho country was safe. Having no jurisdiction over tho President as a spirit, ghost, or view less entity, tho Committee dropped their wonderful witness as if ho wore a hot poker. Tho luu&iia took his departure, vacantly smiling at the other five lunatics before him, leaving President Grant free to go on with his ethereal ruination of corporeal women. The course of this Committee is in keep ing with tho whole tenor of the Democratic investigations. For malignant partisanship and extreme unfairness, there is nothing like it in tho political history of this country. To carry out their desperate purposes they have not hesitated to summon a cloud of wit nesses actuated by malice against tho Admin* istratlon for fancied wrongs,—employes dis charged for incompotenoy, drunkenness, or other cause; perjurers, detectives, advontur* ers, soiled women, dead-beats, blackmailers, lobby agents, criminals under indictment, prison convicts, and lastly lunatics. Tho crack-brained witness who was to convict the President is not the only Bedlamite who has boon summoned before these Democratic committees. A laaatio was allowed to testify without any restraint against Gen. Meios before Cltuer's Committee. And this whole crowd of unprincipled and irresponsi ble riff-raff bas been allowed to testify against tho reputations of honorable gentle men without oven cross-examination, and their lying and malicious utterances have been heralded all over the country for parti san purposes. Mon whoso whole record has boon honest, army officers and oivilions who have never had a stain upon their names, have been at the mercy of a gang of wit* nesses who would not be believed under oath in a court of justice, and whose test!- mony would have convicted them as liars had an opportunity been afforded of cross-exam* ining them. And ibis is what is called Dem ocratic reform I This is tho Democratic style of purifying the public service] In the history of this country there is nothing more disgraceful and dishonest than the secret star-chambers of the Democracy of the present House, where every unprincipled vagabond and dead-beat is summoned to blacken tho character of Republicans, and paid for his dirty work out of the Public Treasury. ’ In 18C0 (kero was a call issued in this city for a public meeting to organize a league or society to promote the policy embodied in wbat is known as a “ Protective Tariff." Tho present editor of Tub Tninuxa was one of the signers of that call. One of tho idiotic papers that professes to bolitve that the owl Is the embodiment of wisdom, because it never changes an opinion, gravely contrasts the views of Tub Tbiudnb with the language of the call for the Protection meeting in 1800, and bowls about 14 consistency." It says : In 1860 he declared M that every time tbla country bu tried 'Vree Trade* it has been followed by a dU* titroui financial revulsion; and every lime II baa tried Protection it baa enjoyed commercial prosperity and rapid growth in national wealth, completely re futing ait freMrado theories on ibaaubject;** In 1870 ha pronounce# every inch declaration tobeafelee hood. In IBCO be inaiated that Wcateru farmers were robbed by the coat of transportation to a dlatant market, not by the tariff, aa freetraders alleged; in 1870 bo Inaiala that the robbery la dona by the tariff, not by tba coat of transportation. If the editor of Tub Tbiudnb ton years ogo held erroneous notions in regard to the tariff or ooy other policy, that is no reason why ho should cling to error when be discov ers that the facts are against him. Consistency maintained against light is the infirmity of weak miuds. It is the wise ma n who pro gresses, and tho biggest fool who atands still and refuses to recognize the truth. One of the distinguishing differences between man and tho brute is, that man by observation and experience corrects his errors j the brute keeps right along in the old way, impelled by instinct. Those persons who imitate the brutes in adherence to follies do so because their nature* are bruU4ike. In 1668 the protective tariff hid beta la operation less than five years ; it had not then reached its maturity. It» enormity was greatly increased tho next year. Daring the War there was no fair opportunity to test it. Dot tho lost did come in time. Tho Whig tariff of 1812, which was strictly protective, had had but a short life. The protective tariff of 1801, which attained its highest point in 1807, had a fair test, and ended in tho annihilation of tho foreign trade in all protected American manufactures; reduced production and consumption, and finally helped tho grand financial collapse and disas ter of 187.1, which exceeded anything of tho kind in this country. To-day, under a tariff more protective than was ever known in this or any other country, there is a greater stagnation in manufactures, a greater proportion of mills and mines closed, and more operatives out of employ, ment and actually living upon charity, than was over experienced in the history of tho Union. Tho protective tariff has been prac tically tested, and tho result is a ruin and desolation which will bo felt for many years to come. In 18(iC tho cost of transportation was an intolerable evil; since 18CU the ox. aggorated costs of transportation have boon greatly reduced, and, though they are yet high, they ore generally ns low os they wore in 18C0. But tho high-tariff oppression con tlnncs. Tho bitter oud costly experience of tbo protective tariff has awakened tho whole country to tho pernicious policy on which it is founded, and sooner or later tho political party which ignores the no. ccssity for its repeal, and refuses to mako that repeal a distinct pledge, will bo swept from political existence by a pcoplo who have submitted so long to bo plundered and ruined by corrupt and cowardly po!> iticians who, behind tho claim of pro. serving their consistency, consent to tho grossest robbery of tho people. Tho pro* tccted cotton manufacturers of Now England have thrown consistency to tho dogs, and ore now practically repudiating 44 protection " by making cotton goods and exporting and selling them in successful competition with the so-called pauper labor of other countries. ME. WASHBUBNE DECLINES. At noon to-day, the Hon. J. Rubsull Jones, of this dty, received the following dispatch i Pahis, France, April 2-I.—To J, iltwsefJ Jones, ChU eago: I would be compelled to decline, absolutely, the nomination for Governor. E. B. Wabiiddbnb. This la quite unexpected, oven to Mr. Jones and other friends of Mr. Wabuddbmb In this dty. As soon as learning that the above dispatch had been received, a representative of the Journal called on Mr. Jones at the Custom-House, and the reault of the Interview may be stated in these words by that gentle man: " Yon ask mo why, at this stage of the canvass, Mr. Wasbocbnb declines, after my positive assurance that be would accept tho nomination. All 1 can at present say is, that on my return from Europe last fall, 1 was written to eud asked by many prominent men of tho Republican party from various parts of the Stale whether Ur. Waskbobne would ac cept the nomination of Governor If tendered him. I replied that In a conversation with Mr. WAsnonnKE, In Paris, some months ago, I asked him what he ex pected to do on bis return homo, lie then remarked that, * Should I continue In public life, no position In the gift of the Stale of Illinois would gratify me so much as that ol Governor.' On tho strength of this, Mr. Wasiidubnb's friends have urged his name In connection with the Governorship, lam sorry bo de clines, for I regard bis nomination as a foregone con clusion, If be should consent to run; and I think no ono can doubt that be would have been tho strongest man in the Slate at tho head of oar ticket.” This unexpected nows may cause some Important changes in tba aspect of the Gubernatorial canvass.— Chicago Journal. Wo wore very much surprised to find tho nbovo in lost evening's Journal. It is most likely that when Mr. Washburns observed that his nomination would bo attended by a heated struggle in tho Convention, ho con cluded not to accept it under thoso circum stances. If tho public sontimont had pretty unanimously settled down on him as a Guber natorial candidate ho would probably not havo folt at liberty to poromptorily decline ; but wo suapoct bo folt distaste to be placed ot the head of tho ticket if it involved a wrangle or turmoil in tho party to obtain tho position. There is Uttlo doubt that ho would havo been nominated, but perhaps not until after the second or third ballot. He was beyond all question tho strongest mon yot mentioned for tho place, and his election would havo honored tho Stato and givon dignity to. tho office. Tho contrast between a statesman like Washburns, with a national and interna tional fame, and the mousing demagogue who now occupies and belittles the Gubernatorial office, is that between strength and feeble ness. It is too painful to contemplate. THE HOT SPRINGS DECISION. The decision of tho United States Supremo Court affirming tho decision of tho Court of Claims, that the squatter or individual claims to the - Hot Springs territory in Arkansas are untenable, and vesting tho title in the United States, is one of more than ordinary impor tance. The Hot Springs village occupies a volley running north and south, between two spurs of tho Ozarlc Mountain, its southern end being traversed by Hot Springs Creek, an affluent of tho Washita Itiver. The springs ore contiguous to the banks of this brook, and their healing qualities are well known throughout the Union. A flourish ing village has grown up about the springs, and there is probably an average of 2,000 visitors at the springs to avail themselves of the remarkable remedial properties of the waters. These springs and their medici nal qualities were well known to the early Spanish adventurers, and even to the Indians before them, who told tho Span iards stories of “a fountain whose magic waters would heal tho siok, rejuvenate tho aged, and coEfor an ever-yoathful immortali ty." In tho time of Ajuus, the Government laid out a reservation, covering the territory in which these springs are located. After tho earthquake which sunk so much of the coun try below Cairo and made so much land un tenable, Congress passed a law giving those who had suffered tho right to pre-empt quar ter sections of land, or an area equivalent to what they had lost, within certain limits and upon certain conditions. Some of tho par ties who scoured the scrip, in looking about, hit upon this Hot Springs property, and lo cated their scrip upon the very ground which tho Government bad set apart os a national reservation. They squatted upon it, and os there was no immediate contest they at onoe commenced building, leasing ground, and drawing rents, and many men have made fortunes out of their leases. Bomo fifteen or twenty years ago suits wero com menced Involving tho proprietorship of the grounds. The contest has been a long and desperate one. It was interrupted by the War, but bos since been renewed, and is now closed by the decision of the Supreme Court, which disposes of all tho individual claims and vesta the title in the Government. The Government having been successful eon now make these springs a great national blessing by converting these grounds into a national park, anil building a great national hospital. This will naturally tend to im prove the present inconvenient means of ac cess to (hem. Better police regulations can be had than axis! now. Long lease* can be Riven to tenants, which will induce permanent nnd handsome improvements, in* atoml of the wretched pine shanties which now stand In the village mid along the banka of the crock. In foot, now that the title is in the Government, it can make of those springs, which are the most notable curative springs in the country, a great Spa, like the famous Gorman watering places. In this view of the case, the decision of the Supremo Court Is in the Interest of the whole coun try, nnd will have a tendency to moke this remarkable region available to a much larger number of people than it is now. As it is a matter of national importance, it should se cure early attention nt the hands of Congress. A recent Interesting letter in (ho Boston Jour nal gives some details of the display in ths woman's department of the forthcoming Cen tennial Exhibition which ere very significant, Tbe women of England will be represented by various works of art and a rare collection of old and now embroideries. In the artistic depart ment, ths Princess Christum of Schleswig- Holstein, the Princess Louise, and other Royal ladies, will contribute. The women of Franco, Austria, and Belgium have sent a multitude of fabrics mode by them in tbe finer Industries. The Scandinavian housewives send a largo col lection of useful articles made by their hands. Tbe woman artists in Italy will bo richly repre sented In paintings and sculpture, and the Italian women send many haudsome samples of their homo industries. Tbe Chinese and Japa nese women have sent •* fabrics whose subtle colors and delicate woofs toll of the secrets which the fair sisters of the Celestial and (bo Flowery Kingdoms know.” From Switzerland, Canada, Spain, and Egypt also have come nu merous curious articles, the results of woman's handiwork. The women of this oonntry will bo principally represented in departments of labor such as photography, carving furniture, engrav ing, painting china-ware, sowing, embroidering, and weaving, and models of all patents ever secured by women in the United States will ateo be exhibited. The scope of the woman’s exhi bition will thus be seen to bo very comprehen sive, but it is not comprehensive enough to cov er one department of woman’s work—that is, the female shriokors for the ballot. All the other boey women of the world will be repre sented. They alone have nothing to show. The contrast la at once striking and suggestive, A very sensible proposition, if tho work can bo properly done, receives the indorsement of a proclamation by tbo Acting Governor Issued yesterday. It Is that tho Centennial Fourth of July shall be celebrated by the delivery of a his torical sketch in every city and town of Illinois. It is further suggested that stops shall be token at once to intrust tbo preparation of thoae his tories Into tho hands of competent persons, and that, when finished, there shall be at least two copies printed, one to bo filed in tbo ofllco of tho Clerk of the county in which each is located, and the other in tho office of tho Librarian of Con gress. It would bo well also to have a third filed in the oifico of the Secretary of State of Il linois, so that, taken together, tho various local sketches would give a complete history of tbo State. Such a collection would bo not merely of passing local Interest and a fitting celebration of the Centennial Fourth of July, but it would bo of great value to future historians, and tho most trustworthy as well as least costly method of gathering tho materials for a State history, which somo experienced person might afterwards edit and condense into a popular size and style. It is to be hoped that all tho cities and towns In Illinois will comply with tho recommendation. The Cincinnati Enquirer illustrates the tenaci ty with which men stick to their party in Ohio, and how tbo son takes bis politics from his father, by citing tho vote cast m a dozen coun ties for Jackson and Cl&t in 1832 and In tbo •amo counties for Allen and Hates tost fall: 1832. 1875. Counties, g. I? § |? p a a:I : : AihtabuU 4891 2,032 1,063 6,092 Geauga 782, 3.403 730 2.CCO Duller 3,231 1,210 3,200 8,939 Holmes 1,1(11 230 . 2,(CIS 1,03!) Mouroo OKI 216 8,110 1,013 Cuyahoga 019 1.637 10,036 17,012 I’ortag 1,406 3.327 3,839 3,403 Fairfield 3,048 1,378 4,183 3,030 Medina 497 1,137 1,000 2,859 Huron 1.033 1,6(0 3,087 3,873 Belmont 3,370 2,091 4.88- 4.M4 Clarke OH 1,093 3,30! 4.3a9 We might continue this list ad infinitum. Dut it u unnecessary. The reader wilt ito that theJacasoN and Cut vote of 1832 for President waa almost exact ly similar to that which was cast nearly half a century later for Allen and Hate* for Governor of Ohio. The old-liner who Is in favor of the traditions of the yosl will please make a note of these facts. In justice to tbo Park Commissioners of North Chicago it should bo said that, in tbo remarks of The Thibune concerning tbo legal efforts to prevent a vote of tho people to abolish town ship organization, the Commissioners have taken no action whatever. Personally, all tbe Commissioners are in favor of abolishing town ship organization. PEBSONAL. Louis J. Jennings, formerly editor of the New York Times , sailed for Europe on Saturday, Mr. Moody’s next objective point will be Montreal. The Emperor of Brazil never mlesos an oppor tunity to go to tbe theatre. Ho stopped In Salt Lake City for that express purpose. Messrs. John Jacob As lor and William B. Astor have each recently given $25,000 to tbe funda of Bt. Luke’s Hospital, in Now York City. Mr. O’Brien, of Newark, N. J., had his wife arrested for assanlt and battery, and tbo lady argued bis case for him by flogging him again in the police oQico. Prof. Tyndall, tho praysrleis, baa been urged by the aristocratic circle with wblob he has long been a favorite and Is now oonoecUd by mar riage to accent a Baronetcy. It is said that Mr. Longfellow is writing an ode to his Brazilian Majesty. Tho Emperor is an admirer of Longfellow, and has translated some of his poetry into Portuguese. " Julius Ctosar " vu acted in New Haven re asnlly with the assistance of Yale College stu dents as Homan Senators and Llotors, and tha Yale University crew as captured iluna. Mr. William Murray, of the Chicago Board of Trade, exhibits a match-safe for the pocket which cost 9100 in gold at Ban Francisco. These elaborate preparations suggest that be has a scheme for burning down this great city. Mr. Charles James Fox, of Liverpool, has be* queathod £IOO to Dradlaugh, who never saw him. Mr. Conway remarks that this is enough to make the bones of the famous rival of Pitt and champion of the then Prince of Wales rattle in their 00010. Miss Blanche Tucker, the Chicago prime donna, who recently made her debut In opera in London, and Miss Clara E, Smart, who made her first appearance in oratorio with Mile. Titlens at Boston, Man., April 13, were both formerly of LaCrosse, Wis. Export* have decided that Mr. BeWitt Tal mage has the requisite wind to make a good player on theooroet. The large majority of per* formers on this instrument, It baa been discov ered, are drawn from the ranks of book-agents, life-insurance agents, and lecturers 00 woman's rights. Arsene Iloassaye seems to be the Eli Perkins of Paris. Ilia letters to the Kew York Tribute are chiefly remarkable for the sublime conceit and audacity tbey display. Under date of March 8, for instance, Uoussaye writes: ’• The auto graph mauls still rages in Paris, However, it appear* that this floe frenzy has aelzod the Americana, for they write a great deal to Victor Hugo, and they do ms tbs honor of writing much to me, .naturally la order We are courteous} we reply.” Mow Arsene Honssayo is to Victor Hugo as a penny whistle to a greet organ. Prof. Evans, formerly of the University of Michigan. <e now a resident of London, where ho in engaged on important researches In tbe Vedas. He has recently obtained for tbe now Hopkins College in Baltimore a valuable Orient* al library, including a complete set of tbe Rig, Veda In the original, For those books the En glish India House would accept no payment on learning that they wore for an American college. The Bochoster Democrat notices (bat some of the Democratic organs are so melancholia about tbe corruption at Washington that they cannot find time to publish tbe truth. Tim Mew York World, for instance, woopa continuously, and cannot see to raod the latest nows concerning the accusation against Qon. Grant. A reader of Tub TmnoN* requests us to ex amine a Spanish dictionary and ion whether "Bon” or "Dom" is tbe proper way to spoil tbe word. Wo should look in a Portuguese dic tionary if it wore necessary to look at all; and “ Dom ” would be found (bero without any trouble. Dom Pedro, being a Brazilian, Is of Portuguese descent. Her Majesty Queen Victoria received tbs Mar shal-President, MaoMabon, she being seated la her carriage, when passing through Paris on her return from Germany. Trench dignity is thus satisfied for the slight which it imagined it hod re ceived by the Queen not having called on the Republican Executive on her outward Journey to Saxo Oobarg-Gotha. It Is understood that Mr. Robert Buchanan will soon institute a libel suit against Ur. Swin burne and thp proprietor and the editor of the London Examiner, charging them with a con spiracy to ruin blm. The only evidence of this conspiracy is a particularly lacerating criticism of Buchanan's works which appeared in the Ex aminer some months ago, and was written by Mr. Swinburne. Tho report of tbo death Id a Russian railway train of tbo famous medium, Mr. Homs, was in so far well founded that Ur. Home was aent back from St. Petersburg 11 dead boat ” after a profound investigation of bla spiritual powers. Tbo investigation was undertaken by a Joint commission of believers and skeptics, and Homs utterly failed to produce the most Important of tbo promised results. Tblors told a correspondent recently that though ho had not boon in power for three years, bis ideas still ruto; he likes that better. A groat mind, as bo is, prefers to see Its policy in power rather than itself. Arsons Houasoyo adds to this: •* Hut a small number of women visit M. Thiers, for tho reason that women do notknow how to listen—except when yon speak to them of themselves.” Tho St. Louis Republican, in a dreamy, un constrained spirit, remarks : “ Herbert Spencer says that tho gold ring now worn by married women la the sign of the iron ring that was worn about tbo nock or ankle In olden times, and In dicates tho submission of tho wearer. Herbert Spencer is an Impracticable dreamer. The gold ring a woman wears now Is simply indicative of the ring her husband must Join In order to foot the bills.” Charlotte Cushman, it 1s reported, leaves property valued at $500,000, none of which la to be devoted to charitable purposes. The pip bating of the will has been delayed by the ab surd ignorance of tbo exocntors as to one Jona than Young Scammon, of Chicago, who cannot be found. Newport may affect to know nothing of Mr. Scammon, but to the rest of tho world bo Is almost as well known as tbe President ol tho United States. Tbo Philadelphia Times uriota an able edito rial, entitled: “Chicago as a lUog-Smaaher,” in tbe course of which tbe writer states tbe situa- tion thus: “ Another of tho ob] ects of tbo popu- lar uprising was to revolutionize the Govern ment of the South Side,—on important suburfi which still votes as a town.” The modest writer probably meant to claim Chicago as “an im portant suburb” of tbe Centennial City, so called because It wakes up ones in a hundred years. Mr. Moncure D. Conway writes concerning tbs Incomplete biography of Swift loft by Mr. Fore* ter: "I am assured by an eminent literary man, bettor acquainted with the subject of the memoir than any one living, that there are among those materials facta of tho utmost importance concerning Swift and hie times—facts never printed or made known—which will require fur* thor attention, and probably make it necessary that the biography shall be placed In competent bands for completion.” , Frederick Douglass says : “What I want to see before I die is a monument representing the negro not oonohant on bis knees like a four* footed animal, bat erect on bis feet Uko a mao. . . . The mere act of breaking tho negro's chain was the act of Abraham Lincoln, bat the act by which the negro was made a citizen of the United States was pre-eminently the act of President Grant.” Tho suggestion of Douglass is that Grant should have a monument equal izing his services to tho colored race. The widow of Admiral Dahlgren has bought the celebrated South Mountain House, which is situated on the summit of tho South Mountain in Maryland, on the national turnpike, and in the middle of tho battlefield of Antloiam. The place has acquired an historic name from hav ing been a resort of Henry Olay, Thomas U. Denton, John J. Crittenden, Geo. Andrew Jack son, and many other noted men. It will be handsomely fitted up by Mrs. Dahlgren as her summer home. OoL Y. Lodernstorn, Chief of tho Department of Invalid Officers of tho Prussian War Depart ment, committed suicide March 20 at Berlin, having previously shot bis demented wife. Toe motives which led to the tragedy, as related by himself In a note to his brother-officers, were his absorbing love for his wife, who suffered terribly from (be combined effects of disease and drags, and his desire to relieve her from agony and die with her. Bat a post-mortem re vealed (bat the wife was dead beyond a doubt when she was shot, and the statement of the officer to his comrades was seen to he a mere subterfuge In palliation of bis suicide. The variations in tho spoiling of Bhaksposre'e name furnUbes the topio for an article In the May number of Soribiusr't Monthly, by J. D- Gilmore. There are five autographs of Bhak speare in existence acknowledged to be genuine, four of which arc spelled Bhakspore and the fifth Bhakspearo. Mr. Gilmore concludes as follows: “ From an loapeotlon of those auto graph! it is evident that, however Bh-k-sp*r-mey have varied in spelling the last syllable of hie name, he never inserts an e after the k. So asys Mr. Fornivsl, and so must any one say wbi takes tbs pains to examine the fao similes. On this point, the spurious and the genuine auto graphs are all agreed.” HOTEL ABBIVALS. Patvntr llouu—H. P, Fell, Galena; L, H. For, Ds trolt; W. L. Stevenion, New Sooth Walea; Dr. U. A Vox. Sbullabmg, Wla.; E. A. Clapp, BeatonJ tba Uou. J, W, Garrett Baltimore; G. Hewitt, New York] J. H. Parker, PitUburg; 0. U. Pierce, Quebec: U ItoUeatou, New Bomb Walea; W. O. Peck, Michigan CUT... O’fflAd PaajU—V. It Daniels, BoalouJ J.A Bomnaon, John B. Hawley. and Oliver OI»«u» Ytoc* laUod; J, 0, Eaaton, Chatfluld, Uinn.; 0. H. Peorta SP, Higgins, London; O. Fisk and J. It DobblnA Loa Angeles, Cat; K. Ward. J. W. Qolntard, York; J. W. Prentlela. Nora Bootle; Pr. M, it UUea, Aurora; L. 0. Hanna. Cleveland; C. 11. Alien, Louie: Augna Bmltb, Milwaukee....lysmoni Col. It Plumb, fltrealor; A. H. OadwalUder, Ksu**; keej U. Bbeeby, Detroit; J. B. Webb, Lincoln. Neb.» E. Lo.U, Jr„ X, T. k 81. F. 1i.U.1 U. W.OMIiMJ NowUMT.n! Q, 11. U.TlUuil, UU«»ukM; X Lo»*“ and J. K. Eilwood, Sycamore; J. D. layog, Q * aft {r Manager P.,Ft W. it G. R. It, Pittsburg: 0; v * Prelt, Ban Wan cisco: W. O. Buguoot, O. ■.7 1 T It; the Hon. 0, F. Jeujrlelt, Urbano, 0,, the uou. W. W. Wheaton, Detroit; W.J. Boyloy, Wue Lm»i Mllw.uk..; a K. Qruil Mid FrMik <£■““> Galesburg; Sylvester Mareb, New Uampablw**** Uhtrman zfeua*— I The Hon. mao BUphenson, U*. rinelte, Wla, { tba Hon. A. A. GUnn, tbe Uou. A. it McCoy, Clinton, la.; D. N. Blcbardaou, Davenport tie.) Democrat: P. 0. Houston. Mo»* tloalloj J. F. Hubbard, Hew York: J. U. »£* ere. Syracuse; the Hon. J. M. Wallace. Wan ling.... Gardner Houas— George Pjraoua and Boa ton; Cot H, A, Fallows, W. 1L Freeman. New York \ Mre.l- A. Una, Zltl mwTs. Q. MaUbsvs, XUaS) Mia. WUiU« BuSoa, BpSuglalA

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