Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 27 Nisan 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 27 Nisan 1876 Page 4
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4 TERMS OP THE TRIBUNE. mATB or otjmchiption (patadls is» adtahc*). roatogo Prepaid at Pile Office Dally KdlUon, postpaid, 1 year „ Part* of year at name rate. Mailed to any addreaa roonyiEi* f0r.......... 1.00 fiandaf Kdlilom Literary and lleiiglous Double n »^Weikly,‘^\wVrf, , U.oU I’arta of year at aams rate. WUKLT BOtTlOir, POSTPAID. One boot, per year h »....h<S]>QO Club of tiro,per copy .. «... | *«*Q Club of twenty, pereopy. I*lo Theposlagol* Ift conwayear, which we will prepay. Bpeelmen eoplra sent free. Topreronldelsyandmlstake*, be rare and (tfta foit- Office address In fail. InclodlDgStalo and County. Remlltancea may be made either by draft, eiprets, Post-Office order.or in registered letter*, at our risk. TKtIMH TO CITT BUnSOIUnCnB. Pllly, drllrered, Sunday excepted. 2rt cents per week, Pally, dellrorod, Sunday Included, DO cents per week. Address TIXR TRIDUNK CUMPANV. Corner Madison and DoarLotn-ne., Chicago 111. AMUSEMENTS. IIOOIXT’H THEATRE—Randolph street, between Clark and I*Ballo. Engagement of KiUo Duloam. Jane Eyre.” MoYICKER’fI THEATRE—Madison aired, between Dearborn and Slate. " Richelieu." ADELHII THEATRE—Monroe street, corner Dear born. Variety colertainmcut. NEW ENGLAND CHURCH—Corner North Dear born street ind Delaware place. Grand Concert. SOCIETY MEETINGS. THOMAS J. TURNER LODGE NO. 4W. A. P. h A. M.—This (Thursday) evening, for business and work on' M. M. Degree. Visitors sro cordially In vited to meet with us. Dr order of tbo W, SI. At i American Express Dnlldlng,73 East Monroo-st.) 'rcc-Mason#’Hall, Lodge opens prompt at 8 o’clock. Alll members of this Lodge will present. WILLIAM LOWE, W. M. Wallace D. Douolas, Secretory. Wat CfUjitoJo- Thursday Monunsr, April 27* 1870. Greenbacks at the New York Gold Ex change yesterday closed at 88?. Warmer weather, with occasional rains, is the meteorological condition predicted for this region to-day. A Michigan straw of healthy growth was picked up yesterday at the Louawoo County Republican Convention nt Adrian. A can vass of tho seventy-sis delegates showed their Presidential preferences to bo: For Bristow, 4 .8; for Blaine, 14; scattering, 14. The Now York Democratic State Conven tion mot at Utica yesterday. As usual, there was a fight over tho Now York delegations. After eight or ion hours’ deliberation, tho Committee on candidates decided to admit tho Tammany delegation. It being too late to proceed with further business, tho Convention adjourned till this morning. Tho National Board of Fire Underwriters, now in session in Now York City, appears to bo a little hotter disposed toward Chicogo than it was at its mooting of last year. Chi cago is spoken of in oven complimentary terms, and tho report of tho Committee on Fire Departments credits this city with tho best Department in the United States. So much for S haler. Tho House Committee on Appropriations have decided on a measure of economy that will abolish ono of tho most valuable and hlghly-populnr improvements of the day, and deprive the business public of a convenience tho loss of which will bo soroly felt. It has been determined to so reduce the appropria tions for tho Fost-Offico Department as to compel the discontinuance of tho fast-mall service and place it out of tho power of the Department to mako arrangements with tho railroad companies for tho trans mission of tho moils at a rate of speed be yond that which prevailed previous to tho introduction of tho now system. Tho Dem ocrats of tho House can afford to spend SBOO,OOO in prosecuting barren and in many coses disgraceful investigations, but refuse tho small portion of this sum necessary to mako up tho difference in cost between a slow and a fast-moil service. Senator Sauoent, of California, seems to have boon suddenly seized with tho convic tion that tho good of tho party requires a Httlo light on tho snbjoot of tbo special agents employed by Secretary Biusrow to look after internal rovonno matters. It is understood that rcoont developments on tho Pacific coast havo tended to prejudice tho Senator against tho system of secret invest!' gation by special agents who perform their functions without consulting either politicians or officeholders, receiving their Instructions direct from tho Treasury Department, and wholly ignoring tho other powers that bo. However this may bo, Mr. Sauoent wants to know various things, and at bis instance tbo Sonata yesterday adopted a resolution of inquiry calling upon Secretary Buistow for information concerning the employment and compensation of rovenuo agents. Lot the gentleman from California bo informed, by «11 deans. It is to tho interest of honest distillers and rectifiers that tho full Qovomment tax should be paid upon every gallon of distilled spirits produced, and that evasions of tbo Rovonno law should bo punished and prevented- Tho Treasury Department, desirous of utilizing tho poculiar facilities possessed by the bonost producers for tbo discovery of frauds prac ticed by their “crooked" competitors, has issued a circular inviting their assistance and corporation in tbo effort to sconro tho collec tion of tho wholo tax and tho punish ment of tho whisky-thioves, and re questing them to communicate facts or suspicions of “crooked * operations in their respective localities. As an additional in ducement, it is promised that all such com munications shall bo treated as strictly con fidential, to bo used simply as tbo starting point of investigation, and not as evidence. With tho pledge of socreoy as a condition, It (s hoped to obtain valuable information from parties in a position to contribute it. Tho Chicago produce markets woro Irregular yesterday. Mesa pork was active, and 700 per brl lower, closing at $20.60 for Moy and s2l-05 for June. Lard was active and 200 per 100 lbs lower, closing at $18,05 cash and $18.22} for June. Meats were active and {c per lb lower, at 7}o for boxed should ers, lljo for do abort ribs, and 12}o for do short clears. Highwinea were nominally un changed, at $1.07 per gallon. Flour was quiet and steady. Wheat was active and jo higher, closing at 09jo for regular and SI.OO for May. Com was active and higher, closing at 46|0 for April and 40jo for May. Oats were moderately active and easier, clos ing at for Moy and 820 for June. Ryo was dull at 64 Jc. Barley was firmer, clos ing at 67}0 for May and C6o for June. Hogs were active and 10a lower, with tho bulk of the sales at $7.G0@7.75. Cattle were in active demand, and sold at a shade better ffgurtiM fihsep were dull at $4.00@0.26 for common to choice. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $112.02} in greenbacks at tho close. .913.00 Mr. Harrison, of Indianapolis, Is reported to have roitcrntod in na interview yesterday bis former statement in roforouco to the sale of $7f»,000 of .Fort Smith «t Llltlo Book land-gront bonds to the Union Pacific Bail road Company for so4,ooo—'viz.: that in re sponse to a demand by himself that ibis matter bo investigated by tbo Board of Directors, Mr, E. 11. Hollins, Treasurer of the Union Pacific, urged tbat the matter be dropped because it would 41 kill off Mr. Blaine;” and tbat bo (Harrison) wrote to tbo lion. James F. Wilson, of lowa, also a Government Director, informing him of tbo matter, tbongb without mentioning tbo namo of Mr. Blaine, but received no reply from Mr. Wilson, who neglected to prosecute tbo inquiries suggested by Mr. Harrison. Mr. Blainb may yet perceive tbo importance of supplementing bis denial and explanation by statements from Messrs. Bollins and Wil son. Judge Dillon has finally overruled tbo motions for a now trial and for arrest of judgment in the caso of Mr. McKee, senior proprietor of tbo Globe-Democrat, convicted of whisky frauds ; after which tbo Court pro ceeded to pass sentence, which is two years in tbo County Jail anda fine of SIO,OOO. Mc- Kee’s lawyer, Judge Kncsr, asked a stay of com. mitmsntuntd a petition to Washington asking for a remission of tbo imprisonment part of tbo sentence could be beard from, and tbo Court granted a stay of two weeks, requiring the defendant to give additional bond of $20,000. It is doubtful whether tbo President will interfere in tbo matter. Ho bos boon so sternly determined to punish tbo whisky thieves that ho has no bowels of compassion for any of tbo fraternity, not oven if they are newspaper publishers or good deacons in the cbnrob. Tbo sentence is a severe one, — unexpectedly so; very few people in St. Louis thought tbo punishment would exceed sixty days in jail and a moderate fine. But Judge Dillon is no respecter of persons. Tbo high must bo punished as severely as tbo low, —moro so, if any difference, as they bad leas cause for temptation, and woro bound by tboir position to sot an example. McKee was a rich man and did not need any money wrongfully obtained. Ho was a respected and influential citizen, and tbo establishment of his guilt shocked the entire community. Massachusetts Republicans mot in State Convention in Boston yesterday, and nomi nated delegates-at-largo to tho Cincinnati Convention. Tho list is made up of tho lion. R. 1L Dana, tho Hon. E. R. Xloau, John M. Forbes, and President CnADOouRNn, of Williams College. Of those, throe— Dana, Forces, and CnADBOUBNB —are presumed to bo for Bristow, while Hoar favors Blaine ns first choice. Present indications lend to (ho belief that nearly tho entire delegation from tho Bay Stato will bo for Bristow on tho first ballot Tho Congressional District delega tions, like tho delcgatcs-at-largo, being mostly aninstracted, may, however, at first divide their support with Blaine. The delegates elected yesterday aro men of the highest prominence, socially and morally, Mr. Dana’s selection being a fitting rebuke to those Senators who mado them selves discreditably prominent in opp osing his confirmation for the London mission. Tho Convention was notable in many ro spools. Chief among these was tho fact that there was neither Butler nor Butlorism in it If thcro were, it is certain that they dared not show their bonds. It was also a working body, and not a ’talking ono, tho members going about tho business which they wore expected to transact and adjourn ing promptly when that work was finished. Tho place-hunters were compelled to occupy bock scats. THE FUNDING BOX. Now that a Funding bill has been intro dneed into tbo Honso of Representatives by so sterling a representative of tho Democracy as Mr. Feunando Wood, it is to be hoped that a majority of that body will consent to a proper consideration of tbo subject. As far back as tho very opening of tho present Con gress tho Secretory of tbo Treasury pointed oat in his report tho obvious advantage to bo obtained from offering for solo at this time a now bond bearing a low rato of interest, with which to toko up tho outstanding 5-20 bonds bearing C per cent interest. Tbo $500,000,- 000 of 5 por cent bonds issued in exchange for tbo G por cents having boon exhausted, and tho financial condition of tho money markets of the world warranting tho belief that4} percent bonds can bo readily sold if mado to ran thirty years, tho Secretary urged upon Congress the necessity for an im mediate authorization of a now issue of bonds under the latter condition. Bat Congress bos delayed all tbeso months to pass the neces sary legislation. It would seem ns though this delay is a perverse and mali cious effort to cripplo tho Government at tho expense of tho Republican Ad ministration, or at tho best to deprive tho Qovomment of on opportunity of saving $7,500,000 a year la tho fear that tho Repub lican Administration may enjoy tho credit therefor. This is smallness of infinitesimal degree. It may not bo carried any further without reacting upon tho Democrats who aro responsible for it. If they shall refuse altogether to authorize tho exchange of $500,000,000 in 4} per cent bonds for tho outstanding G per cent bonds, tho charge will lio against them of having deliberately rob bed tho people of $7,500,000 o year for por tisan purposes, and this charge will bo urged against tbom without favor during tho Presi dential campaign. Tho only objection worthy of consideration which wo have ovor heard against this prop osition to fund $500,000,000 of tho national debt is tbat it is intended (by maintaining tbo present sinking-fund system) to pay off tho entire public debt boforo tho expiration of thirty years. Tho answer to this is that tboro is no reasonable probability tbat it will bo accomplished, and that it is certainly not dosirablo to maintain tho sinking fund on its present basis. Under the existing law, there is sot opart every year not merely 1 per cent of the actual amount of tbo debt at tho time tho law was passed, bat also on the amount of tho sinking fund, which In crcrsos from year to year. To continue this system will bo to constantly increase taxation until tho debt should bo entirely dischargedj and us tbo debt grows-smaller, Instead of taxation decreasing in proportion as it ought to, the burden on tbo people will grow lorger. No party will undertake to bus lain this growing tax for tho liquidation of a de creasing debt It has already become* ho se rious a burden that it should be reduced to simply 1 per cent of tho total debt; and such will unquestionably bo tbo result before many years. In that event it will not bo possible to pay off the national debt within THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1870. thirty years. This objection to tho fnnding la consequently not a good ono. Sut, moan* while, tho funding itself will practically pro* vide a sinking fund of considerable inagnl tude. A saving of $7,500,000 of gold inter est for thirty years would bo a practical re* duciion of tho debt by $225,000,000 within that timo, or a saving of that amount in taxes, which is materially tho eamo thing. It is earnestly to bo hoped that no parti* son feeling may bo permitted to defeat this funding scheme. Wo are willing that tho Democrats shall receive a full share of tho credit for putting it into operation. Cer tainly if it fails to go into operation tho Democrats will have to pay their share of tho excessive taxation which tho continnod payment of $7,500,000 in interest that might bo saved will necessitate. Once before, as Mr. UonxwELn relates, tho delay of Congress defeated tho Government in a similar advan tage. This was just preceding tho Frnnco- Fntssian War, when a plethora of money in tho markets of Europe would have enabled tho United States to place a -1} per cent loan; but it was thought by some persons that oven a lower rate might bo secured, aud, before this phase of tho question had been discussed and canvassed, tv or was declared by Natoleoh and tho opportunity was lost. Bo it may be «at tho present time, if tho Democrats occasion needless delay. A European war is not among the impossibili ties. There is almost a certainly that $500,- 000,000 bonds can bo placed now at 4} per cent running for thirty years; it Is not un likely that tholloTUscmu)8 f or somooUicrgreat bankers of Europe, would organize a Syndi cate to take the whole amount in exchange for the outstanding 6 per cents which nro subject to tho call of tho Government. Tho prompt placing of each a loan would prepare the way for tho funding of thorcraaiudoroftho public debt at 4 per cent; tho credit of tho Government would bo notably improved; pri vate credits in America would be likewise en hanced ; tho people would save $7,500,000 annually in taxes, and the effect in every re spect would bo salutary. Indeed, tho merits of tho proposition are so obvious that tho bill should bo passed in both Houses of Con gress almost without discussion. BUILDING A GOUET-HOUBE. Wo understand that a business proposition will bo made to the county for tho building of a Conrt-lloaso, with satisfactory guaranty ns to its completion and its adequacy, for $2,100,000, or $ 100,000 less than tho cost con tcmplated, and probably $2,000,000 less than tho actual cost will bo if tho work goes on un der tho usunf official system. Tho gentlemen whoso names are associated with this propo sition are Mr. Boyinqton, tho architect, Mr. Bouton, tho iron-founder, Messrs. Carter Brothers, builders, and one other firm, all men of credit and character in their various callings. They arc unquestionably prepared to give any security that may bo demanded for tho completion of tho work according to tho specifications of their plan, which is de scribed elsewhere, and will enter into a bond not to demand any compensation obovo tho contract price. As labor and material will bo cheaper within tho coming year than later, it is likely that, if they should got tho contract, they would hurry it forward in a businoss-liko way with a view to making as largo a margin of profit for themselves as they could iu keep ing with tho character of tho work they agree to do. Tho advantages, then, would bo in getting a Court-House for, say, $1,000,000 loss and a couplo of years sooner than If it. bo built under the ordinary official super vision. Wo bespeak for this proposition a candid consideration at tbo hands of the County Board. It is universally conceded among tux-payers that the county, having authority to soil tho necessary bonds, should assume the entire cost of tho building, and charge tho city a rental equivalent to ono-half tho in terest on tho bonds issued for that purpose. If this bo done, tho most direct and economical way of proceeding is to secure tho erection of tho building on ono general contmot, such as Messrs. Boyinoton and others now propose, in caso tbo plans they submit aro satisfactory to both city and county. This way will cat r off tho delay incident to tho bickering and quarreling between city and county ofiicials, and prevent tho jobbery which post expe rience warrants tho pooplo in anticipating in an enterprise of this magnitude. If tbo plans of Mr. Botinoton and his associates aro such os to suit tho purposes of both city and county, tho County Board may do much to redeem itself before tbo pooplo by accept ing a business proposition of this kind. HIEBTZR CLYMEB’B COMMITTEE. Tho Hon. IIiESTEn Cltmkb, notwlthstond ng his high-sounding name and tbo promi nent position ho occupies in tho force of Dem ocratic investigations, appears to bo conspic uous chiefly for his bungling of the Belknap business. Tbo ox-Scorotary of War certainly afforded him a remarkable opportunity of bringing himself before tbo country os a re former of tho most advanced type, and an avenger of public and political morals. No public ovent for years created such a sensa tion as tho fall of Belknap, and, in connec tion with this fall, tho lion. Hiester Clyaicu secured an immediate and widespread popu larity as tho instrument of justice who was to bring this prominent officer of tho Govern ment to a speedy and well-deserved retribu tion. The moment, however, that ho bad established the charges against Belknap, ho bungled tho case by allowing tho only ma terial witness to bo released from tbo custody of bis Committee and to escape to Canada, and, more than this, to carry away with him all tho original papers and documents which were necessary to substantiate tho charges against Belknap and to corroborate tho witness. Having discovered bis/ blunder, ho sought to repair it by inducing tho witness to return, but without success, and it finally became necessary for tbo Ropub lican Administration to procure tho presence of tho witness in Washington that tho Demo cratio House might present Belknap for im peachment. Tho presentation of tho articles was then most unaccountably delayed and protracted. Week after week passed away, and nothing was done, but at last the slow going Cltukb and bis Committee succeeded In getting Belknap before the bar of tho Senate for trial. At this important juncture another unexpected episode occurs, growing out of Olymeh'b bungling. Tho llouso of Representatives having filed its replications, Belknap makes his rejoinder, interposing a general demurrer, tbo lost plea in which is of peculiar significance, touching tho port played by tho Hon. Hiesteu Clymkb, us well os tho question of Jurisdiction. In this plea, Belknap sots forth tbo following remarkable facts: Ho resigned his posi tion us Secretary of War on tho 3d of March, and the President accepted his resignation, but ho did not resign with tho intention of evading any impeachment pro* oeedlngs. Ho further avers that, as tho teati mony of tho witness Marsh reflected upon others who had boon associated with him, — meaning Mrs.'- Belknap,— ho proposed that, if tho Committee would suppress that part of tho statement reflecting upon her, ho would admit tho receipt of the cormpllon funds from Marsh, although tho accusation was not true,—a ohivalrlo proffer of bloviotion which the Committee declined to accept. Tho Hou. TTiester Ci/rMrn thou took the very remark* ablo slop of intimating to Belknap that ho should more in tho House for his impeach* meat unless ho resigned his position before noon of tho next day. Tho plea tells tho rest! Ami salt! Dei.kkap, regarding this statement of said Ct,TMKn, Chairman, u aforesaid, as an Intimation that he. said Delknat, could, by (hua mslgutng, amid the affliction Inncpnrnhlo from a t>retracted (rial In a formn, which would attract tho greatest degree of pub lic attention, and tho humiliation of availing blmaolf of tho defense, dliclmd In said statement itself,which would cast blatno upon said other person, bo fielded to the suggestion made by said Oltneb, Chairman as oforcsald, believing that tho aamo was made in good faith by tho said Cither, Chairman as aforesaid, and that he, said Belknap, would, by resigning his posi tion as Secretary of War, secure tho speedy dismissal of said statement from tho public mind, which said statement, though it involved no criminality on his part, was deeply painful to his fellings, and did resign hla said position as Secretory of War at 10 o'clock and 20 minutes In tho forenoon of tho 3d day of March, 1870; and at 11 o'clock Jn the fore noon of tho day and year last aforesaid bo, said Dklkkap, caused said Commlttoo to bo notified of bis said resignation and of tho acceptance (hcreoftby tho Treaident of tho United Stales afore said, all of which was in pursuance and consequence of tho said suggestion ao made by said Cltmxiu It therefore appears from this plea that tho lion. lliesteb Clymer had guaranteed Bel knap immunity from impeachment if ho would resign, or mado him a proposition tanta mount to Hint. In moving for tho impeach ment, therefore, tho lion. lliester Clymer Ims been guilty of bad faith towards his friend, tho ex-Secrotary of War. It places him in an awkward dilemma. Either bo in guilty of a blunder, or ho is not Ho was oithor Ignorantly making a covenant bo could not fulfill, or ho was agreeing to a con tract which ho know ho could not car ry out. In tho latter case, ho was evi dently intending to lot Belknap down lightly in order to save his friend, Gen tleman Geobob, who hod become involved owing to his blundering; but, having touchod off the fuse, tho whole magazine was bound to explode. Tho result of oil this bungling of Clymer’m is that tho impeachment trial is still dawdling along in tho preliminaries, tho Senate not yet having discovered whether if has jurisdiction in tho promises. Democrat ic reform seems to bo of a twofold nature. It oithor socks to dnmago tho reputation of innocent and honorable gentlemen with tho testimony of dead-beats and lunatics, taken without restraint iu a star-chamber and dis seminated abroad in Domooratio newspapers; or it foils where corruption is palpably evi dent to bo ablo to punish it, on account of tho ignorance and bod management of tho in vestigatora. THE CINCINNATI CONTEST. Tlicro aro two or throe points relative to tho Cincinnati nominations which aro worthy of notice on account of tho almost unani mous agreement that is accorded them by the loading Republican newspapers of tho coun try. Quo is, that tho result of the election will, in all likelihood, turn upon tho voto of Now York State. Tho importance of this probability to tho Cincinnati Convention is obvious from tho fact that Now York is now controlled by tbo Democrats, and that the present Governor of Now York may bo tho nominee of tho Democratic party. There was a class of mon in that Stato at tho elec tion last fall who called themselves “Tildeh Republicans;" those mon will voto for Tin den for President in preference to any Ro publican candidate who represents tho abuses which first prompted them to go over to Tilden. Tho next point is (and this is mado with particular forco in n recent article in Harper's Weekly ) tlint personal purity in a candidate is not so muoh tho demand of tho reform element of tho Re publican party as his representative purity. That is, no one imagines for a moment that tho Republican Convention will contemplate seriously tho nomination of any man sus pected of personal impurity, but that is not enough. Tho candidate, to bo successful, must be conspicuously disassociated from those elements of tho past which have drag ged down the Republican party from tho high and undisputed purity which dis tinguished it for so many years. Ho must not only not bo a corruptionist himself, but neither can ho bo an apologist for corruption ists. Respectable mediocrity is not enough, but ho must bo a man who has demonstrated a capacity and displayed tho requisite courage for fighting that class of plunderers who have fastened themselves upon tho Re publican party because it has been in con trol of tho public service. Harper's Weekly defines tho situation ns follows: “Claim*" and “spotless character'* will sot bo enough for a candidate If thoy are not combined with an entire want of sympathy or association with tho things Uiat have defiled tho Republican name. The moat earnest desire of tbo masses of tho Republican party is a thorough reform of administration, and to satisfy that something more than “party services "• Is indispensable, especially wben such services have tended to conceal tho very cvili which baVo aroused general distrust and indignation. Nowbero, wo say, is this resolution of reform within the party stronger than In Now VorK. Rut it la strong among tbo mass of the party, not among thoso who “run tbo ma chine." Now it is the mass of the party who cast the voles. They support (bo machine or they slay at Lome. And it is a small minority of that mass which determines tho election. There is little doubt that this refers no tably to Mr. Gonklino, hut it also includes to a largo extent Messrs. Morton and Blaine, With tho exception of the charges against the last-named, there has boon no thought that either of those gentlemen has boon personally corrupt, or partaken of tho plnndor incident to the lontf tenure of office enjoyed by tho Ilopublican party. But nil of thorn, toa greater or loss extent, have been identified with tho “ machine " against which there is just now a popular protest All of them, to a greater or loss extent are devoted to tho “ spoils system," in tho souse that tho offices most bo so disposed of os to strengthen the party, rather than with reference to their capable and dignified administration. All of them be long to that class of politicians who sot up the party obovo the country, and who accept partyism alone as synonymous with patriot ism. All of them are inclined to protest against tho exposure of party abuses as a spe cies of fouling their own nest. All of them are identified, more or less, witli tho old system from which tho people want to break away. Not one of them has developed any conspicuous qualities for prosecuting the corruptionists and ridding tho party cf that class of vultures who look upon politics merolyta a money-making agency. In lack- Ing this positive and aggressive disposition to reform, these gentlemen lack, to some ex tent, the quality which tho people demand above all others iu tho Presidential candidate of and which alone canawurd the success of tho Republican party. Tho reform of tho pnbllo service mnst begin with tho olootlon of a Chief Executive who shall have tho character, discernment, and disposition to surround himself with none but good advis ers, to from oflloos for cause only, and to appoint to oflloo solely on claims of fitness and respectability. Tim people havo made np their minds to elect such a man if ho can bo presented to them. Republican success is certain with n candidate represent* lug in full measure tho demands for tho re form of tho public service. But if tho Bo* publican party shall nominate a man whoso action in this regard is in any way doubtful, its success can only follow upon the greater blunder of tho Democrats in tho same direc tion. This is tho chief consideration to bo impressed upon tho delegates to the Cincin nati Convention, without regard to individual factions or local constituencies. THE CITY CERTIFICATES, Though tho opinion of tho Circuit Court on tho city certificates, written by Judgo McAllister, has boon withhold from publica tion till to-morrow to enable a further in vestigation of certain circumstances which oro thought to havo boon erroneously staled, them is a distinct intimation that those cer tificates come within tho constitutional pro hibition except when drawn against a par ticular fund for a special purpose. This is very different from tho prevailing practice, which has been to Issuo certificates in a gen eral way whenever money was needed cither for current expenses or to redeem outstanding certificates representing taxes past duo but uncollected. Tho decision is upon a made up case, in which tho Board of Public Works petitioned tho Court for a mandamus com pelling Comptroller Hayes to issue certificates for a stated sum to pay off au indebtedness incurred in March for cleaning streets. It was tho most favorable form in which tho right to issuo tlicso certificates could bo presented. . In the absence of tho opinion itself, it is impossible to soy whether or not it takos os broad ground ao did that of Judge Zane in Springfield, who decided that, when a city hod already exhausted tho con stitutional limit of indebtedness, it has no authority to issuo thoso certificates, which ho held to bo tho evidence of now and additional indebtedness expressly prohibited by tho Constitution. But, if Judge McAllister’s decision goes no further than to authorize tho issuo of certificates against a stated fund for a purpose expressly contemplated in an appropriation already made, it will still change tho character of these certificates very materially. Such a decision will exclude the issue of certificates to redeem out standing and unpaid certificates, unless tho payment therefor shall havo boon included in the preceding tax-levy ; and thoso who buy certificates will do so at tho risk of the tax being collected, or, in tho event of tho non-collection, of tho levy of another tax to cover tho deficiency. This much latitude may enable tho city to continue tho working de partments of tho Government, instead of dis charging them as Springfield did, but it will constrain the OHy Government tocoufinotho issue of certificates to tho itoms of tho appro priation bill, distinctly sot forth in each cer tificate ; and it will also necessitate tho lovy of a tax to pay tho old certificates, if the city would avoid tho disgrace of repudiation. Thcro will be a default In payment in any event. Further speculation is useless until the full text of the opinion shall bo made public. THB FIRST STEP TOWARD REFORMING THE CIVIL SERVICE. Tlio English press does not And much, on* couragomont for reform in tho political sys tem of this country from the general oatcry that has been mado in both parties against tbo corruption represented by Belknap. There ore two reasons wby this popular in. diguation lacks tho elements of genuine and permanent improvement. In tbo first place, tho indignation Is rather against tho indi vidual corruption than against tho system of which It is a natural product. In tho next place,both parties, in dealing with it, seem to bo actuated by partisan motives, —tho Demo crats to use it In their effort to displace tho Republican party, and tho Republicans to moko It an opportunity for showing their ca pacity and willingness to punish official of fenders inside tho party. This is tho general sentiment of tho English press, fairly reflect ed by 3 recent article in tha Pall-MallUudget. It holds that tho only radical reform is to be found in tho inculcation of now political ideas concerning tho Civil Service; that tho punishment of corrupt officials, whore cor ruption is almost a necessary incident of tho system, will not reach more than ono guilty man in ten j and that, while Belknap may possibly bo disgraced for tho exposure of his corrupt practices, tho immunity enjoyed by others equally corrupt but not exposed will bo a standing temptation. “It is im possible to bcliovo," says this journal, “ that tho people can have unshrinking confidence in officials whom they send with immense power and wretchedly small salaries into a profuse society led by tho chiefs of profitable rings, and tho most experienced lobbyists and log-rollers in tho country"; and it further expresses tho opinion that “ tho Democrats, who are pursuing Republican offenders with such a fierce passion of virtue, are no more inclined than the adherents of tho Adminis tration to enforce tho only efficient remedy." That remedy is tho reform of the Civil Service. The people of England are able from their own experience to compare the blessings of a well-organized Civil Service with the evils incident to a distribution of office by partyinm or favoritism. The system which now ob tains in this country was formerly the sys tem in England, and the same abuses wo now suffer were endured in that country. Bribery, corruption, and incompetence were once as characteristic of the management of public affairs inOreot Britain as in the United States. Individual cases wore then exposed and panished as with as at the present time, though more generally and efficiently, bat those exposures did not correct the evils. It was not till an organization on scientific and business principles of the pub lic service that there was a genuine purifica tion. The benefits of this organization,whioh has become more and more efficient with in creased ago, now assure the same honesty and capability in the management of political trusts as in the control of private enterprises under the officers of corporations. The Civil Service of Great Britain is no longer subject to the change in parties and the accidental integrity or corruption of the men who are inducted into office under the auspices of any particular regimej hut it has a personnel fitted to the duties of public service by spe cial training. Office-holding in England is a profession just os reputable as law or jour nalism as a profession in this. The responsi ble duties are well paid for, and are discharg ed by men who have attained fitness by expe rience in the subordinate grades. There is no moro temptation to dishonesty in English office-holding than thoro is in tho mercantile business of tho country. Tho safeguards aro m numerous and tho ebooks as ofllciont. Corruption in any single instnneo does not require on uprising of tho people to seouro a coprooUon, but is trootod libo any othor ex ceptional betrayal of trust; nor does it,when it occurs, create a suspicion that it is tho common practice of tho public sonrioo. It is exceedingly doubtful wkotbor tbo Civil Service will bo improved to any appre ciable extent by tho disgrace of Belknap. It seems to bo generally felt that ho only did what others havo dono and aro doing. There is a vicious, dangerous, and degraded sentiment that it is no crime to swindle tho Govern ment. This sentiment is a direct outgrowth of tho spoils system. It attracts a vast army of men who ore commonly and properly known as "bummers.” Tho office-holders, as a rule, belong to lids class, whether they arc or low degree, from Congressmen down to tho Whisky-Gougors appointed through their influence. Tbo public service is regarded in no othor light than ns some thing for them to proy upon. Tho average Congressman defends what ho calls his pat ronage—that is his privilege of dictating a certain proportion of tho appointments from his district—with moro ardor and vehemence than ho docs any political principloorprojcct for tho common good. It is tho exercise of this patronage which either returns him to Con gress or defeats him. Tho whole schcmo of office-holding is inherently wrong under such a system. Its very nature attracts tho worst kind of men and repels tho best kind of men. It is tho most serious danger that threatens tho growing prosperity of tho country and tho permanent success of popular govern ment. Individuals who bccomo too bold or show too littlo discretion in their disposition of tho spoils or tho improvement of their op portunities may bo dropped by ono party or may furnish a pretext for another party to de mand a change of administration; bat after this bos’been accomplished tho machine goes on very much tho same as before. It will continue to grow worse, whatever party is in power, until thoro is a radical reform in tho system itself. And the first stop to that ond (tho only one practicable at present) must bo in tho election of a President who shall havo tho character, ond courage, and associations to inaugurate an independent practice of colling tho fittest men into tho public service. To provide such a President is to-day tho highest mission of tho Republican party. TRIFLING WITH THE PEOPLE. Tho dying Council is composed mostly of profoHsionnl office-holders, who manage to livo on tho office of Alderman, to which no pay is attached, and without other visible means of support. Tho ruling passion is strong in death, and, notwithstanding tho term for tho retirement of this Council is passed, tho unsalaried offices are so profitable that tho Aldermen still want to hold on. They are doing this by moans of a postpone ment from timo to time of tho canvass of tho voto at tho lato election. This is an outrage on tho people. It is trifling with tho most important issuo of tho election, viz.: tho choice of a now and improved sot of Alder mon. Tho people expected, and havo a right to demand, that tho now Council shall tako hold immediately. As long os the old Coun cil continues to usurp tho functions of the City Legislature, Colvin will continue to usurp tho functions of tho City Executive. Nothing can well bo done in bis case until tho now CouncH shall bo inaugurated. Mr. Hovnk will delay action until tbo now Coun cil shall indicate a preference for one of the two plans for ousting Colvin, —that is, whether Mr. lloyne shall demand tho office, or tho Council proceed to elect one of its own members. Tho old Connell understand this, and they are en deavoring to postpone the reckoning as long os possible. Tho present charter, deficient in many things, fails to appoint a day when tho newly-elected officers and Council shall assume their places, but the inference is that tho voto should bo canvassed immediately, and that tbo persons foand to bo elected should succeed at once to their offices. A monstrous proposition was made tho other night in the Council that tho date bo fixed in May by ordinance, though tho admission of any such right would carry with it tho com petency of tbo Council to prolong their term for six months or a year, and practically de feat tho will of the people. Tho bummer majority of tho old Council, intrepid ns they are in iniquity, will scarcely dare to attempt anything of this kind. Their delay is conse quently nothing more than a gratuitous in sult to (ho people. Tho Inst postponement was till to-morrow night. There should bo no more procrastination. Tho canvass should proceed at once, tho Council should finish up Us work, and the defeated Aldermen retire to tho obscurity to which their indignant con stituency has consigned them. Farther delay will only bring additional disgrace upon them. Jouk Bniniix declared that England was owned by 80,000 persons, which statement was savagely assailed os untrue. Ho, of course, meant the great bulk of the land, and did not include the holders of town lots and garden patches. It turns out from an inspec tion of the now Doomsday Book that he was not far from right. The total acreage of England and Wales, ex clusive of the metropolis, and exclusive of com mons or waste Unde, appears by the returns to bo 83,013,610. In England and Wales (omitting London) 8,87-1 owners hold 0,807,133 acres; 10,207 owners bold 22,013,203 acres: 13,621 owners hold 28,810,550 acres ; 030,312 remaining owners, viz. i thoso of one acre and under 100 acres, hold the remainder of the area, 1,172,000. In Scotland 21 owners hold 4,o3l,Bß3Jacres j 08 owpers hold 7,057,191 acres | 320 owners hold 18,109,080 aorns ; 680 owners hold 11,899,030 acres { 1,108 owners hold 10,731,109 seres {1,769 owners hold 17,670,560 acres | 130,171 owners hold the remainder, viz. t 1,371,111 acres. The return for Ireland has not yet boon published. Thus it appears that 10,000 owners hold more than two-thirds of tho whole of England. The next 20,000 own all but about 6,000,000 acres, so that Bbiqot was, after all, not far from correct when ho said (bat nearly all England was tho property of a handful of land-monopolists. It la a foot not generally known that there la a very atrlngont code of Pros* laws in existonce In Japan, one clause of which prohibits any criticism of any of tho lawn of the Empire. Thla latter clause, It appears, is creating consid erable trouble, especially among tho young Japanese, who, having taken of lato to reading English and American books and papers, have got tboir beads filled with some very radical notions about personal liberty and tho rights of free criticism. The Government thou far, how ever, has succeeded in maintaining Its censor ship and enforcing the Press laws, although it had a narrow escape of late. A British subject, claiming the rights cf a free pross under the treaty between England and Japan, issued a Japanese newspaper and began to circu late U without having registered it. The authorities, fearing if this paper succeed ed there would rapidly be a press In existonce which would sot the law at defiance, laid the matter before the English Minister, who eamo to the relief of the Japansso, and Issued i notification In virtue of the power* vested ia him by tho Order in Council for .China act Japan, making It a penal offense for a British subject to publish a newspaper in the Japanes* language. _ The Nashville American is of the oplnlol that tho Democratic party ought to nominate a Democrat. It is not in favor of Judge David Davis. Tho Louisville Courier-Journal thinki that, with Tilurn or TnunstAN for President!*' nominee, ami a hard-money platform, tho Demo crats can carry a solid South, Now York, Now Jersey, Connecticut, and tho Pacifto Stales, which wilt elect.' It gives up the Northwest 1* advauco, including Indiana. Between tho let and 15th of April tho National Banks surrendered 91,800,000 of their circulat ing notes. They sent to the Treasury that amount of greenbacks to redeem notes and with draw tho bonds held in pledge for tho rodomp. tlon of notes. It Is hardly necessary for tha ragamuffins to insert in their Bag-Baby platforms a demand for tho withdrawal of Natioool.Bank notes, as tho banka aro voluntarily retiring them. Erveiudob requires rather more dirty work from his dirty lltllo organ than tbo dirty little sinecure office hold by its dirty littlo odltor 1* worth. PERSONAL, Mr. Beecher's lecture iu Now London, Moss* cost the managers $l5O above receipts. Tho (rial of Strousborg, the fallen railroad king, will begin on tho 20th of May at Moscow. <a Julius Oxsar” was not a complete success m Philadelphia, because it contained do allusioi to the Centennial. A Michigan church Is advertised to giro a Mother Goose reception in which "forty verit able goose " wilt take part. Mr. Moody will begin revival services la Au gusta, Qa., May 1, to continue one week. Ha has boon invited to visit Charleston. August Belmont opened his private gallery for tbo benefit of tho Women's Centennial Union, Tuesday and Wednesday of this week. A chair made of tho old elm at Cambridge, rendered famous by Longfellow's 11 Villogj Blacksmith.” is to bo presented to tho poet. One of tho female correspondents at Wash ington unhappily wrote that Jamoa Gordos Bounott was to bo married Ibis summer, 41 at usual.” W. P. Cody, better known as" Buffalo Bill,'* recently shot and killed tho Sheriff of Young County, Tex. Ho had not at last accounts boos arrested. Tbo now silver-pieces, “throe of which make a dollar," sometimes deceive the credulous j the] are a half and two quarters. Dot you cau show 'em, and tako soda-water on tho result. Prof. Ira Ramson, of Williams College, has ao copied tbo position of Professor of Chemistry in the now Johns Hopkins University at Baltimore, with a salary of $5,000, and will enter upon his duties there In the fall. Capt. Paul Boylon has started on bis tour around tbo world, which will be made in about three years, lie has engaged to supply tbs British Coast-Guards, aud certain corps of tbs Prussian Navy, with his life-saving suit. Tho Rev. Philip Brooks and Bishop Nicholson spanned tho gulf between High Church and Low Church recently, tho occasion being tho mar riage of tho Bishop's sou, 0. Moltvaino Nichol son, to a daughter of Thomas Nickerson, all ol Boston. Dr. Eugene Schuyler Is in London, whore bo has gone to correct tbo proof-sheets of his work on Turkistau before proceeding to bis duties as Secretary of Legation at Constantinople. Hi has already become a favorite with the scholars of Loudon. “ Yon have a lawyer ? ” said Justice Blxby, of Now York, looking Inquiringly at the youthful prisoner. "Ihave, your Honor," replied tbs weeping lad, pointing to a smiting and well known Tombs practitioner. •' Then I will save you from him," continued his Honor. “ You may go." Balvini played M ilaobolh " for tbo first Urns daring bis recent engagement in Edlnbnrg. A correspondent of tbo London Academy speaki of tbo performance in high terms, and surmises that Balvini was influenced by a sentiment oi local color in choosing to play the Scotch usurp er for tbo first time before Scotchmen. A charming hostess at a Parisian dinner-party privately apologized to one of her guests, the lato Qen. Loohcano Thomas, for tbo unbecom ing droßß of one of the ladioa present, whose corset was oat in a highly indiscreet fashion. Tbo General responded gayly; u Ob, never mind, madamo, we soldiers have often seen ladies dressed In that stylo—in Africa.'* A well-known Paris banker has for » long Umo signed his name Oahen d’ Anvona, to dis tinguish himself from other Oahooa. He had tbongbt of abridging bis title to 0. d* Anveos, but his impulse bos neon cheeked by tbo Inoon eidoratoDcaa of a friend, who, seolog him write in a hotel-register “0. d’ Advoob," immediately followed with “ 0. do Oologoo.” "If letters of Sbakspoare,** says Mrs. Fanny Kemble, "could bo found, lottora developing the mystery of thoso sorrowful sonnets, or oven let ters describing his daily dealings with his chil dren and Mistress Anno Hathaway, his wife, s frenzy of curiosity would be aroused by them, lint wo know little about him, thank Heaven 1 and I am glad that little Is not more.** " OiaeoD,'* who will bo recognized in this city as an old newspaper mao, writes to the Spring field Republican a flattering account of Mr. D. K. Pearsons' election to the Common Council. Chicopee, Berkshire County, Mass., is, it ap pears, tbo old home of Ur. Pearsons, and be was a successful physician there tip to fifteen years ago, when be moved West. "Gideon 1 ' estimates that "it weald now take about a unit and six ciphers to gaugo fairly the value of bis accumulations.'* The Bov. Lyman H. Johnson, the Oongrega tlouallst preacher of Lucas County, Ohio, who epoko against Henry Ward Beecher over ton years ago, and who was one of the first to call attention to the Plymouth pastor's Spiritualism and frco-lovo doctrines, and who was expelled from tho Congregational ministry for bis out spoken language, addressed a large audience in LefferU Park, Brooklyn, Monday. Ur. Johnson condemns Congregationalism as well asßeechor ism, and would not ne accepted by people of any orthodox donomioatlou as a valuable witness ip respect to any faith. UOTEL ABUIVAU. JWmfr Ilouu.—U* 0. Marlin, Now Tork; James M Shanahan, Brooklyn; A. W. Kelley, Detroit; (j. H. Chapman, ludlanapolla; W. O. Waihburo, Maasachu aetta; Tbotnii It. Bird, California; Dr. Moorla, New South Wales; J. Sheldon, lodU: L. H. Dunce, Ottawa; W. P. Vila*, Madlaon; J. U. Bred* ford, New York; R. p. Smith and W, X*. Wllaou, Pittsburg; W. Beckett, Ham ilton,Ohio....Grand Pocyii— Sir Charles L.Young and lady, London; the Hon. L. J. Woodman, ex-Oovernor of British America, Loudon. Eng.; Judge Wheeler, H. Beckham, and Judge AahbelGreeo, Now York; William Bond, Receiver al, K. It T. and Bt. Joe It Denver Rallroade; the Bov. £. Gray, Peru; Gen. Win* held H, Hancock, U. 8. A.; the Hon. OtU P. Prebrey, Washington; J. p. McJuakJa, Waahlngton; la. ; D. 0. Hough, Pennsylvania.. . Irrmcnt Uuute— John I‘. Pilot*, Detroit; L. A. Emerson, Bay GHy; William Booth, New York; the Hon. Robert rlelion, lab penning, Mich.; Jamoe B. Aahbrooko, Bt. LouU; Ituaacll Sage, Jr., Ocn. Supt. M. & Bt. P.8.R.: the lion. 1). D. Oauee, Boston t 0. A, Carpenter, Pitta burg; Gen. J. M. Johnson. Denver: Samuel 0. Stephen!, Cleveland: 1L D. Btakeslie, Buf falo ; J. 0. Buchanan, Farker'a Landing, Pe.; fl. n. Dlowotl, Btl LouU; Prod WIU, Toledo; B. U. Baldwin and O. M. Cola. Propbetatown. .. ..A’Ammm ilomt —The Hon, B. P. Matter, Indiana; the Hon. L. 8. Taylor, Bt. Louie; Col. O. L.LJnaloy, Now York; the lion. D. XL Lyon. Dubuque: John 0. Paul, niUburfl; A. V. tod L. v. tihipmau. Montreal; the Hon. J. W. Richardson. Wisconsin; the lion. XI. R, Ycaklu, JoUct; W. 0. Woodard, Ben frauclaco Alto ; Dr. T. N. Bowe, Oakalla. Ilia.; the Hon. Herbert Minor, New York; Cob J. T. X*otter, U. 8. A., Boston; CoL L. Blauuen, lowa. . Gardiur llou»*—t be Hon* W. J. and John J. Port, Lacou. lU.S T. Gurren, Balti more ; A. O. fowler, Bloubamtou, New York: James Williams and wife and like Ziegler, LouUvtlle | MUe Davie and W. G. Martin. Praokforl, Kr.; John O, Mcßbaen and wife, Omaha: R. Clark and wife and W. Wlleou and wife, Cincinnati: S. V. Oevzts* fiaiO more; XL Ayl«luaadfamiiy«Oaßkds»

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