Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 1, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 1, 1876 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE* tAtn or BTESCBimON (PATABTJt CT AOTAMCI)] Pomuc Prepaid at (hhi Office. Daily Xdltlen, poatpald. 1 year Part* of year at name ralo. parte of year at aarne rat*. TIIIU BMTtOlt, rOOTPAID. Wftlll W11WI.) (M.fMWI Oneeoey, PW KM »H 8 tlnbof flte.p«TOopy |«VX ilabaf twenty, per copy ................ J TbepoeUye I* 16 eeote a year* which we will prepay. Specimen rapleeeent free. To prevent delay tad tnliUkee, be tore and *l»e Poet- SSea eddreee la full. InoladlnySUte end County. RomltUneee mey be made either by draft, express Poat-Offio* eider, or to reylitond letters, at oat ritk. TXDMB TO cm BCBSCnIBIBI. pally, delivered, Sunday eteeptod. 25 eonU per week, B “ d y„ l /s c^;S'u n N'ioK.K r Nr“ t Conor Madlionand Dearborn-**.. Chicago 111. AMUSEMENTS. NEW CHICAGO THEATRE—CIark street, between Randolph and Lake. Hooley’e Mlmtrele. ADELnn THEATER—Mooroe itreet, corner Dear born. Variety entertainment. nOOLEY’S THEATRE—Randolph itreet, between Clark and LaSaDe. Engagement of Babbitry's Trou badoon. M Patch work.** BIoVIOKER’B THBATTIB— Madlaon street, between Dearborn and State. ** Merchant of Venice. 1 * SOCIETY MEETINGS. ATTENTION! INDEPENDENT FORESTERS.— Then will be • apodal meeting at 0 a.m. to-day, at etu hell, 18 Booth Halated-et., to make imußo* nents In regard to funeral of Brother Patrick Car berry, By order of _ * GEO. 11. BIiANOUARD, 0. R. DAVID DRUMMOND. Boo'y. Monday Morning, May 1, 1870. At the Now York Gold Ezohango on Satur day groan backs wore steady at 88}. The Signal Service predicts north and cost winds, increasing cloudiness, and lower fol lowed by a higher temperature, as the mete orological phenomena apportioned to this region to-day. Indianapolis Democrats are prepared to trade in blood np to their armpits, if neces sary, to carry the election to-morrow; at least, they have passed resolutions to this gory effect Some of them, it appears, have waded heretofore, though in a more quiet way, and without the risk to themselves that Will attend the sanguinary experiment in case It is attempted nt the polls. The Re publicans, forewarned and forearmed, will be on band when the wading is done, and if necessary may have a foot in it They are confident of success in a fair election, and aspect to increase their former majority. Mr. J. V. Lo Moyne fools himself every Inch a Congressman, now that a majority report in Lis favor has boon submitted to the House in the case of the contested scot in the Third District. Already ho has had great ness thrust upon him in the form of a Trib une interviewer, to whom, in a modest way, and interesting withal, ho has unfolded his views upon various matters of pith and moment. Since it seems to be settled that Chicago is to have throe Democratic Repre sentatives in Congress, Heaven grant that the new member from the North Side, unlike his colleagues from the Second and Third Districts, prove to bo neither a nuisance nor a nonentity. Tho consideration of tho shallow charges in tho “ Mary Merritt ” cose has occupied four days, requiring tho attendance of Secretary Bmsrow to defend himself against tho schemes of tho conspirators, and necessitat ing in great measure his absence from im portant duties. Having given tho matter his personal attention thus far, with tho result of completely smashing tho intrigue against him, and being anxious to return to his offi cial responsibilities os soon as possible, tho Secretary will to-day ask tho Committee to call two witnesses from tho Treasury Depart ment, and then to hoar his own statement un der oath. This done, ho will go about his business, leaving Gate and his gang to fag out their contemptible fizzle os best they way. Nothing will please Senator Morton better at this time than a prompt investigation of the charges relative to his disbursement, as Governor of Indiana, of tho war fund of (250,000 which a Copperhead Legislature re fused to appropriate for tho arming of Indi ana soldiers, and which was thereupon ad vanced by Secretory Stanton. Tho Treasury Department, doubtless at tho request of Sen ator Morton, will order an investigation of the matter, and if tho Democrats can stand It to havo tho fino rccordof Indiana’s famous War Governor shown up, together with a fresh reminder of tho difficulties ho had to contend with at tho hands of tho Union bating and Rebel-sympathizing Democracy of Indiana—if tho Confederates like this sort of thing, certainly Mr. Morton will not object. Tho report of Bank-Examiner Watson In regard to the suspended City National Bank of Chicago has boon submitted to tho Comp trailer of tho Currency, and Its conclusions afford gratifying assurance that this suspen sion will bo a notable exception to the gen eral rule, in that the hank will probably bo able to convert Us assets and pay depositors in full without oven calling upon tho stock holders. A majority of tho depositors, con fident of this result, have petitioned that tho management and conversion of tho assets bo intrusted to Mr. Bdsunkll, President of the bank, in order that tho bank may go through Voluntary liquidation, and settle with Us creditors without official interference. It is probable that this will bo done, os tho Comp troller has no authority to appoint a Receiver bntil a note is protested, which has not yet Occurred, and he has confidence, moreover, Uiat tho bank assets and resources, properly bandied, will bo ample to satisfy all claims. Tho Chicago produce markets wore less unsettled Saturday. Moss pork was quiet and 26@300 per brl lower, closing at $20.77} for May and $21.07} for June. Lard was active and declined 17}@200 per 100 lbs, closing at $12.70 cosh and $12.6S for Juno. Meats were quiet and firm, closing at 7}o for boxed shoulders, lUo for do short ribs, and lljo for do short doors. Highwines were quiet and unchanged, at $1.07 per gallon. Flour was quiet and steady. Wheat was act ive and }(§>Jo higher, closing at 08jo for May and sl.oo} for Juno. Com was less active and dosed Jo lower, at 45}0 for May and 4C}o for July. Oats wore active and £o lower, dosing at 80](§)30}o for May and BOjdpSlc for June. Bye was slow and easier, at 63®63}a Barley was in good demand and lo higher, dosing at GOo for May and CG}@67c for June. Hogs were in good de mand and were firm at Friday's quotations, poor to prime selling at $7.25@7.00. Cattle -were fairly active and steady, qt $3.60@4.76 (or common to prime. The sheep market was lifeless tbs offerings being confined to a single car-load—quoted at $4.00@0.25. Ono hundred dollars in gold would buy $113,75 in greenbacks at the closg. .913.00 It la believed in Washington that tho Sonata will dopide that it bos no jurisdiction in tbo impeachment case, owing to tho fact Dclkkap's resignation and ita ocooptanco previous to thoprcsonlmontof articles against him rendered him no longer an officer of tbo Government, and, therefore, not amenable to impeachment. To doeido differently would be to open np an almost endless possi bility of impeachment proceedings hereafter against officers who have long since retired from publlo life, as well as against those who are yet to come, placing it in tho power of any political party newly-installed to gratify its malice by going into tho Impeachment business at wholesale. If, as is predicted, tho Senato concludes that law, precedent, and pnblio polioy are on tho side of “ no jurisdic tion,” Belknap's easo is loft to the courts, to bo dealt with liko that of any person under a criminal indictment. Tho details of on extensive jail-delivery at tho County Jail in this city yesterday are given in car local columns. Fourteen crim inals availed themselves of an easy opportu nity to walk out into tho open air aud sepa rate and make good their escape, and in view of tho remarkable facilities furnished by tho niter absence of the most ordinary precautions against such an occurrence tho only wonder is that a hundred more were not equally successful. A single official was on daty, with tbo keys in his pocket and no help within call, so that it only re quired a little promptness and celerity to overpower him, seize tho keys, and liberate tho whole jail. That only fourteen got away was duo to bad manage ment and confusion among tho prisoners rather than to tho efficiency of tho jail of ficials. Thoro were burglars, garrotors, thieves, and election-repeaters unloosed npon tho oommnnity, and it will not fail to bo no ticed that one of the ringleaders in tho plot was a desperado who should have been in tho Penitentiary, and would have been but for tho tender consider- Uon of tho champion Acting-Pardoner at Springfield. Jail deliveries aro not uncommon andor tho ousting administra tion of tho Sheriffs office, whoso relations towards tho criminal classes and whoso sense of responsibility to tho community seem somehow to havo boon exactly re versed, affording to tho ono the pro tection and immunity which is supposed to belong to tho other. What with packed juries and wholesale liberations by tho informal process which was so success fully employed yesterday, tho law-abiding people of Cook County aro in a fair way to arrive at a wholesome appreciation of the beauties of People’s porty, or Opposition, or Democratic rule in county os well os in city affairs. REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES. There ore at this time four gentlemen who aro conspicuously presented by their friends for tho Republican nomination for President, and those ore Messrs. Conklino, Morton, Blaine, and Bristow. There are others, but the indications at present aro that one of these four will bo selected. It is time that tho popular mind should determine whether tho candidate of tho party is to reflect and indicate the future policy of tho party, oud, if this bo so, what that policy shall bo. On what issues shall tho campaign of 187 C bo carried out ? Shall tho Civil War be fought over again ? Shall tho issues of secession, and rebellion, and of reconstruction, and negro suffrage, bo presented again as tho questions on which tho election must turn ? Shall past “loyalty” bo tho sovereign plas ter for all evils, corruptions, and crimes, and a now President bo elected on a pledge “to make treason odious and traitors occupy book scats”? Is tho party to look backward, and fight tho enemy on issues that have boon accepted os irropcolably settled, forever ? Or is tho Re publican party, always equal to now emer gencies, and prepared to deal with tho pres out necessities, to go before tho people as the assailant of tho great overshadowing evil of tho day, tho general crime of corruption and debauchery of tho national Oivil-Sorvico sys tem, which by tho influence of its example has spread fraud, defalcation, and dishonesty in all their forms over tho business and social life of tho country? As tho Republican party in 1800 presented itself as tho avowed assailant of political slavery, which had ob tained corrupting control of all branches of tho Government, is not tho Republican party in 187 G to assail tho no less powerful crime of personal and official dishonesty in hand ling revenues and taxes, which has become tho conspicuous characteristic of Govern ment, both national and municipal, and which, through machine politics, excludes in groat measure tho cultivated and moral peo ple of the country from all voice in politics, and lodges political power in the hands of tho corrupt and dishonest classes? Wo assume that tho Republican leaders will not dare outrage publio morals by ig noring tho imperious demand for Reform in tho matter of criminal abuses in tho Govern* mont, and will therefore promptly declare tho purpose of tho party to execute this Re form in tho most rigid manner. But tho Re publican party must know that more pro fessions on this subject will avail little, un less tho candidate in his own person, record, and life shall give tho country full assurance that ho has not been, and will not bo, cor rupt himself; will not tolerate corruption in subordinates; and will have tho conrogo to so bravo all opposition that no guilty man can escape. It will be supremo folly for the Cincinnati Convention to ignore the certainty that the whole American people feel deeply on this subject, aud that they will vote for that candidate for President, by whichever party nominated, who in hla own personal character will give tho best assurance of a thorough reform in tho administration of tho Government. A majority of the people aro prepared and willing to continue tho Repub lican party in control of tho Government, and will do so, if the Republican party pre sents a candidate who of his own record will satisfy them on this question of Govern mental reform. i Of the four gentlemen we have named, Mr. Blaikk has more of that personal magnetism which commends him to the people of the West Ho attracts both tho politicians and the people. lie is largely in sympathy with the popular heart; ho betrays this in his speech, in his personal address, in bis im pulses. If ho bo nominated, Tub Tbibunb, sharing in the general admiration and confi dence in tho man, will give him a cordial support, notwithstanding some misgivings os to the success of the party with him as its candidate. All four of the ima are intellectually THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: MONDAY, MAY 1, 1876. strong; they are able and experienced states men ; their personal characters are good, and, though attempts hare been mado to plnce them in disrepute, wo havo no question that they will bo able to maintain their status as honest men before tho people. Air. Mortoh may bo rogjirdcd as the successful pugilist of tho Senatorial arena 5 ho is known to all as a strong partisan, a fierce debater, a hard and unsparing hitter, and from necessity a Sen atorial leader and party defender. Mr. Cone lino is equally well known as a Senatorial debater, but if ho possess more polish than tho Indinninn, ho lacks tho ready rigor and tho energy of his rival. Both Senators ore what is known os machine politicians of tho most confirmed character. They depend for power upon tho manipulations and operations of party machinery rather than on the free will of tho people. Like Morton, Mr. Conklino has opposed any re form of the Civil Service, because both havo depended on tho abuses of that service to re ward their retainers. Both havo supported tho extremes! legislation for tho South, and to nominate either of them is to give assur ance that, if elected, tho administration of tho Government will bo directed to keep that section in a fever of excitement, and to re store tho carpet-bag rulo which brought so much odium ond scandal on tho Republican party. Tho nomination of Morton would unquestionably result in a solid Southern vote for tho Democratic candidate, no matter whom. Tho whites of tho South in solid moss would oppose him with a fury that would bear down all that the poor feeble negroes conld do for him. Besides, it is hardly claimed by any politician that it wonld bo possible for him to carry Now York, and, without its electoral vote, his friends cannot figure out his success. Senator Conklino Is strong in Now York with tho machine* politicians of tho Stato; but f Tilden bo nominated by tho Democrats Conklino would draw no votes from tho Democrats norfrom tho Liberal Republicans, leaving that State morally certain for tho Op position. Tho Stato Is Democratic unless there is a perfect oud enthusiastic anion of all tho Republican factions and elements, which Is not possible on Conklino. Conk lino is, moreover, on Eastern, not a National man. Ho is unacquainted with the people of tho West. Ho regards tho West os so much raw territory, and tho people as coarso and unrefined, and unontitlod to particular recog nition by a gentleman of his cold and lordly stylo. Ho is, however, a perfect master of tho science of dispensing party patronage ; ho is a king among machine politicians, and would bo worshiped accordingly. Mr. Blaine has tho some ability as his rivals os a politician; but ho is warmer blood ed, has more in common with tho masses; ho understands tho groat West, has associated with tho people, end is infinitely stronger than either Conklino or Morton, in this State at least. The fourth on the list is Mr. Raisrow, who is loss of a politician than the others, but no less a Republican, and whose whole strength is with the people. Ho is not the candidate of the machine politicians. The man who arrests, trios, and convicts influen tial members of his own party for robbing the Treasury is not tho man to suit that class. Ho would smash oil machines. To ran tho Government upon principles of strict honesty, and to require all officers to bo com petent, is utterly destructive of that political machinery which has mode our Oivil Service a reproach to civilization, and which is sneered at even in Turkey, and is regarded with contempt by tho untutored savogos of tho plains. lie has no claims ” except those founded on a life of irreproachable per sonal Integrity, and of unfaltering patriotism and loyalty under circumstances which no Northern man is called upon to experience. His official career has been marked by a steady uprooting of crime in tho publio serv ice, and tho prosecution and conviction of public and official thieves. Tho whole coun try and tho common people of all parties recognize in him tho man for the times, tho very man to grapple with and strangle tho great orimo of tho day; and tho fact that ho is bitterly opposed by every dishonest officer and politician, convicted and unconviotod, in the United States, shows how peculiarly fitted ho is for the great work of purification so essential to national existence. If Bristow bo nominated, ho will utterly confuse tho Democrats, who aro ozpooting to profit by tho blunders of tho Republican Convention. If Tilden bo nominated, Bris tow will brook into tho Southern opposition ranks. If a Western Democrat be nominal* od, then every precinct will bo vigorously contested, and in such case Bristow can cer tainly carry Now York. Even in Indiana, ho will bo fully ns strong ns Mr. Morton. It is timo for Republicans to consider and dolor mine whether tho circumstances do not de mand that tho Republican platform shall bo that Republican candidate who best repre sents tho sentiment and best moots the wonts of the whole people. THE EILBOUBN CASE. Tho decision of Judgo Oabtter in tho Kil bourn case, and tho ocquiesonoe therein by the Ilonso of Representatives, scorn to mnko a radical change in tho practice of punishing contumacious witnesses. Kiujoobn was com mitted by tho Houso to jail for contempt of that body iu refusing to answer questions put to him iu conucclion with tho Washington real-estate pool. His attorneys procured a writ of habeas eorpu* from tho Supremo Court of tho District of Columbia, aud tho Houso of Representatives, by a largo voto in favor of it, recognized tho authority of tho writ. In tho trial of tho question, un der this writ, Judgo Oarxteh has de cided that tho prisoner bo discharged from tho custody of the House, but that ho bo remanded to tho Marshal to await bis trial under an indictment for tho same offense for which ho was hold by tho House. Tho ground of the decision was probably that it was unjust to subject tho prisoner to two trials aud two punishments for tho same offense. Kildoorn’s indictment was found under a United States statute which makes tho refusal to onswer a question by either House of Congress (pertinent to any matter under inquiry) a misdemeanor, and provides that such a case shall bo certified to the District-Attorney of the District of Columbia, who shall proceed to procure an indictment. The punishment affixed by law is a fine of not less than SIOO nor more than SI,OOO, and imprisonment for not less than one month nor more than one year. Riurquun is now hold for trial undor this law. Tho issue between the courts and tho House of Representatives is on interesting one. Committal for contempt is held to be an inherent right of tho National Legis lature, and tho English precedents ore that no Court eon discharge or boil a person so committed, nor inquire into tho nature of tho offense. Now the question Is raised on the ouo aids whether lawyers, by the passage of a law making contempt on indictable offense, conld divest itself of its inherent right to commit and detain a recusant wit* ness, and whether this law was not rather intended to provide a moans for punishment after Congress should adjourn. On the other hand, it would soora as if tho House, having passed tho law providing for indict* mont in such cose, having recognized the writ of habeas corpus , and having (surren dered Kilbodbk to tho jurisdiction of tho Court, it may not now demand and recover possession of his body. Congress will prob ably bo so far bound by its own acts as to let tho case take its own course under the trial by law. Meanwhile Kildourn is at large on boil. THE OBAND JUBY BEPOBT. Hie startling report of tho Qrnud Jury, which was made public yesterday, has fallen like a thunderbolt omong tho guilty Com missioners and their corrupt agents and part ners of tho Periolat and Hogan stripe. It has placed them before the public in their true light—that of convicts who have es caped sentence by technicalities and perjury. It is not in the form of an indictment upon which they can be tried fo£ felony and sent to tho Penitentiary, for those reosoms, among others: Technicalities and quibbles hayo been interposed in tho way of tho Grand Jury, Wholesale and brazen-faced perjury has defeated justice. Two or three of tho jury proved treacherous, and furnished out side pals with statements of tho testimony, so that tho witnesses could bo coached and the conspirators protect themselves by know ing what was testified to and tho names of forthcoming witnesses. In this manner tho investigation has boon crippled, but enough has come out to show that tho County Bing is a don of thieves that is rotten with cor ruptlon. As tho report says s “Wo arc satis fied that tho system of management employ ed by tho County Board is rotten, with scarcely an exception. Officialism is degrad ed by its low intellectual character, Its de preciated moral tone, its constant association with jobbery, extravagance, favoritism, in termediates, perjury, and incompotonoy." There is enough to show that eight men in tho County Board, liko their follows in tho Common Council, arc vultures living by prey, by robbing tho tax-payors of tho county, by corrupt contract-letting, and by forming ont county favors through intermediates liko Periolat, whoso greedy hands have boon plunged into tho pockets of every man who has approached the Board, and who has tho Board in his own -corrupt keeping. A few choice samples from this report will give tho flavor of tho whole of it. Of Periolat it says; Ills Influence seems all-pcrvadlng, and his exac tions are wholesale robberies. Mr. Eoair testifies that in order to gain access to the Board as a com petitor bo was forced to sign an agreement to pay this rapacious go-between one-third of his profits. From timo to time, since his appointment, bo baa been forced to respond to demands for blackmail from Be siolat, to the amount, ho swears, of somo,SC x OOO, and only lately refused to farther respond when tho last demand took In more than three-fourths of the $7,000 which Egan bad just received from tho county. Tho lightning-rod job is thus exposed Tbo county pays 10 cents a foot for wire that costa 10 to 18 cents; tips costing sl.is rack are paid for by the county at tho rato of $3 each; in sulators worth (3 por 100 aro sola to tho county st a profit of 150 por cent, and day labor is charged to tho county at SO por cent more than anybody else pays for it. Tho loss to the county on 'the wire alone—not Inclusive of Ups, insulators, day-la bor, and board bills—la nearly (1.000. On the whole, this llghtnlng-rod business is a fraud of tbo most con temptible character. The work costa twice or thrice what It should, and is being done without any written contract. Hero is a pon-piotnro of Hooan : From the toatlmony, it la shown that with reference to certain classes of work ho Is not troubled with any competitors. Jobs aro given to him at bis own price, and without any written contract, and bio extortionate bills aro paid without dispute. Occasionally aomo potty Job Is given to some other man In bis tine of business, but then Hogan always appears as his indorser, showing clearly enough that the work la thus given out to another by hla permis sion. Ho is a man whoso general reputation as to veracity Is such tbit it was thought useless to put him on the stand, It being believed th at the only result would be to Increase the alcpady enormous volume o( perjury and evasion with which the Grand Jury were already inundated. And hero is a companion picture of Com missioner McCaffrey : Bartholomew Smith says bo mot Commissioner HcOaftret at Wilkinson's placo, and frequently consulted him as to tbo best means of getting bis contract through. Ho swears that McCaffrey know tbo mouoy was on dcpoalt; that McOaffhkt advised him how to make out hla proposition; that McCaf frey agreed to keep him Informed of how tbo busi ness progressed, through the person with whom tho money was deposited; that in the hall or room of tho County Commissioners, Smith (witness) saw Com missioners SoHtiiDT land McOxrrßxr standing to gether, and that tho former, pointing to witness, asked McCaffrey if ho (Smith) was “the man who bad the money up," to which McCaffrey answered “Yea;” and that Anally bo lost the contract because, ss McCaffrey assured him, tbo matter bad gotten be fore the wrong Committee. Wo clobo tho exhibition of gems with Cochrane : M. DuMriir swears that Cochrane, architect for the County Hospital, •' gave Uio * quantities * of tho addition to Sexton. Doing this Is an unfair opera tion. He also gave me the quantities. Sexton's bid was $16,000 higher than those of tbo lowest bidders.*’ John Willard swears; 11 Wo gave Cochrane money for tbo plana." Jensen, Willabd's partner, swears ; “1 paid Cochrane |2OO for the plant. It Is the archi tect's duty to furnish them without pay." Willabd also testifies: “ William Hanlt Is Superintendent of Hospital. McCaffrey got him appointed. Ho U paid by the county. Ho has taken contracts, such ae eetUng boilers, etc., which bo bad no business to do, bis time being already paid for by tho county." An drew Sunn swears that be was •* told by Michael FiELDtbal Hextok gave Cociuunb SIOO, and saved several thousands of dollars by 11. When Field wanted a contract bo vent to Pebiolat’s office and found three or four County Commlailonere there. Pkbiolat wanted to know what he (Field) could do on tho contract." “Two hundred dollars," swears Sexton, “ was all the money I paid Cochrane, and I consider It cheap." Every material statement in this report bos appeared before in Tun Tridumb and other city papers, but tho publication has boon in desultory form and at long intervals, cover* ing periods of months and oven years. It has produced, nevertheless, a well founded suspicion of rottenness which has now bean confirmed. After a month's investigation and tho summoning of scores of witnesses, the Grand Jury has brought out those enor mities of corruption in a compact shape, so that they can bo realized. The guilty thieves cannot mb tho record out They may be at largo a while longer. They may go on steal ing until they eventually meet their deserts in tho Penitentiary, but tho public now knows tho full measure of their guilt It now knows that the majority of tho County Commissioners aro unsouloncod Peniten tiary convicts, engaged in robbing tax-payers and living upon corruption, who by technicalities, quibbles, and perjury have thus far escaped conviction and sen tence, although they aro felt and known to bo guilty. They are branded as convicts just as effectually os if they wore wearing the prison stripes,, This fall the people will have an opportunity to deal out justice to throe of them, provided they do not get into tho Pen itentiary sooner. As they have already par tially purified tho Common Council, the next duty will be to clean out tho County Board in tho same radical manner. Meanwhile, tho corrupt thieves, whoso villainies have thus boon exposed, propose to sue any paper for libel which shall publish a copy of the re port. Tins Tribune has already published it, and nothing will give us more happiness than to bo made defendant in such a suit. Tho thieves are welcome to come on with thoir prosecution to any amount of damages their rapacity may suggest. It can bo disguised no longer. Daniel Webster Voorures, tho Tall Sycamore of tho Hoging Wabash, is on tho war-path. There is gore in his glance, and consternation dire among undor-sized Democrats whoso paths ho is liable to cross. Democratic do nunoiotion of thievery and Democratic boast ing of its own virtue it is that has aroused his ire. Daniel has a knowledge of tho true inwardness of tho Democracy in Congress assembled, —knowledge such only os could bo attained by a Democrat liko Daniel admitted to tho secret councils of tho party,—and the Democratic assumption of hefty public vir tue, In view of the facts, has boon too exas perating for him to endure. That was what was tho matter of Daniel tho other day when Blackburn, of Kentucky, indulged in denunciation of courts in general os corrupt, because Judge OARTTERro- Icascd Kildourn on habeas carpus, and there would have been somebody “ chawed up" about it if the bystanders hadn’t hold Dan iel. Unfortunately there was nobody at hand big enough and bold enough to hold Daniel, when another unwary undersized Democratic member from Indiana, assuming altitudinous, exasperating virtue, modo tho liko reflection on tho courts, and Daniel promptly "smash ed" that small member, and loft his friends to bind up tho wounds and patch up the small member’s damaged visage. But most exasperating of all tho hifolutin public virtue encountered by Daniel among Indiana Demo cratic members was that displayed by Ham ilton, of the Fort Wayne District, smallest of the undersized. Hamilton ventured upon outspoken denunciation, in VoonnEEa’ pres ence, of back-pay thieves. Vooriiees, who hoppens to bo one of those same, thereon mode a brook for tho least of tho undersized Democratic members from Indiana, with intent him then and there to exterminate and blot out of existence. Senator McDonald was at hand this time to hold Daniel, and no vacancy was created in tho Fort Wayne District. Tho aw ful question which it nil suggests is, What is going to happen if Democratic members are to go around sotting up os models of public virtue, and if Vooriiees happens to escape from tho keepers who attend him, to seize him by tho coat-tail as often as such prepos terous assumption on tho part of Democratic members moves him to toko somebody’s scalp ? * Tho Oshkosh commenting on tho coll issued by William Cullen Bbyant and others for n conference, to bo bold in Now York on tho 15th of May, soys: It takes bat a small amount of crookedness, in tho present temper of tho people, to destroy confidence In thoso who have long boon free from suspicion. Hot oven tho men who are personally free from any taint of corruption, but who have blinded their eyes to things which they ought to have seen and prevented, con escape public censure. Consequently, people are looking around to hud men for tho future whoso re sistance of temptation has proved sufficient for tho occasion, and whose pluck has boon tested in a contest with evil-doers. Platforms ore looked upon as elec tioneering expedients, while personal character and Uio consistent record of a lifetime have been elevated to their place In public estimation. Tho drift of pub lic sentiment Is seen, not only In tho press of the country, but in tho collective action of individuals who look to a higher standard of public morality. They may be termed dreamers, enthusiasts, theorists, or Impracticable*; but still they constitute a numer ous and powerful class. They cannot be ignored If the party would secure success. They cannot bo ridi culed out of existence or ont of their proposed course of action. Into developments have made them more earnest and more numerous than over before. They represent a largo constituency, and one which holds tho balance of power in the country. In fact the groat mass of the Republican party aro In sympathy with them- Wo suggest to thoso organs ■which aro ridiculing or denouncing the proposed con ference that tho surest way to bring it to naught, to disperse tho “hnpraoUeablcs,’’ and to send tho idealists into tho regions of tho ideal, is to nominato candidates at Cin cinnati against whom no reasonable objection can bo made. This done, tho firebrands will go out, or at all events will provo harmless. Tho only mischief Bryant, Schurz, and their coadjutors con do will bo in opposing candi dates who aro already obnoxious to tho bet tor sentiment of tho country—and that can hardly bo called mischief. Tboir effective ness as a disorganizing element depends altogether upon tbo material they have to work with. They will boos powerless against candidates whoso names givo assurance of the refonn of public abuses os tho 44 throe tailors of Tooloy street,” to whom they have, with moro buffoonery than wisdom, been likened. Some surprise has been manifested that the banka should bo so active In urging the measure which pro proses to allow them to Issue 100 per cent Instead of being confined to 00 per cent of the amount of bonds deposited as collateral with tbo Treasury, when tho tendency of late on tbo part of the banks generally has boon to lako In Instead of to put out currency. It turns out, however, that there Is a colored gentleman in this little proposition whoso sable head came to view in the Committee yesterday, Tbo banks do not want tbo law modified to permit them to issue moro notes. They really want to bo allowed to draw out tbo 10 per cent of surplus bonds which would stand to their credit m the Treasury, and sell them. This Is the secret of thetr anxiety, which has struck so mauy peo ple as being inconsistent with the Interests of the na tional banking business at the present lime.—iraiAmg lon iltoxifch to the New York Uerald, Tho only surprise in tho matter is that Congress has not long slnoo mado tho ohango in tho law. Tho banks now deposit an equivalent of $lO5 In gold to socuro tho re demption of S9O in paper, and then aro taxed upon thoir circulation and deposits. To amend tho law bo os to allow the banks SIOO In bank-notes for SIOO in bonds would have tho effect of adding $86,000,000 to tho loanable funds of tho banks without in tho least impairing tho security of their redemp tion. This would stop tho rapid contraction now going on at tho rato of nearly two mill ions of dollars per month, and would bo a legitimate expansion of tho currency. The present law on this subject was adopted when tho bonds had not their present ad vanced and permanent value, and the margin of 10 per cent was but little moro than was essential for reasonable protection against loss. Emilio Caarzz.au, the eminent Spanish writer and statesman, in a letter to the Now York Her ald, sets forth hla views of the present Euro pean complications to the effect that it is Bis aiauoa’s intention to expel the Turks from Eu rope and dismember the Austrian Empire, and that be proposes to do it in tho following man ner : Pint, to extinguish the Empire of the Sultan In Europe, and to give the whole country to the Austrian Kaiaer, whole to fix hla Capital at Constantinople; second, to annex to Germany all the Germao-epeaklng Provinces of the Auatrlau Empire—Styrla, Carlnthia, the Tyrol. Upper end Lower Auatria, Moravia, and presumably Bohemia, which la being rapidly German ued; and third, to compensate llusela for this vast agvrandlxemeut of her rivals by giving her the aliens of Poland which foil to tin share of Prowl* and Aos- Iria when that unhippy Kingdom waa partitlooad. This ia a grand scheme, and worthy of Bra* uaqor'a colossal political genius, but while it consorts with many features of thoproacnt com plication, England and Franco, two very im portant factors, seem to bo loft out, and Ituaaift would hardly bo satisfied with her share of hor pluodor, especially with the warlike Ozarowlteh on the throne. Whether this be the scheme of Bismarck or not, the expulsion of the Tnrks from Europe Is not the toss certain os one of the results of the Herzegovina Insurrection. BANKING OH BOHB3. T» fX« T.AHortf Chtenao THhuntt Jaorrow. Mich., April 35.—Commenting on Jams Dcouirah in your luue of the loth April, you aak, "Are the banka to lend it T ” tncaulng paper money made by the Government, Do not the beofcfl lend It to-day r Uow do the banks get it to lend ? Dy having an Introconrcrtlble bond. The Government haa made their bonda convortlblo Into paper money for tbe bene fit of the bankora alone; which money can again bo converted Into the bond at the option of tho banker, Let na have tho system for tbe benefit of tho people,— not for tbo exclusive benefit of tbe banker. Then tbe people can lend It la os well aa the banks. Tho scheme of Mr. Buohanav was that tho Government should mako money so abundant that it could bo loaned at a very low rate of In terest. Wo ankod how this money was to bo ob tained from tho Government. “Who waa to lend it ?" Onr correspondent evidently misun derstands tho mattor. Tho banka lend notes is sued to them on a deposit of hoods with tho Oovornraout. But tho backs must Lavo tbo moans in tbo fitsi instance to buy tho bonds. There are some 250,000 citizens in tho United States who have dabbed their means together, and havo bought Government bonds, deposited them with tho Treasury, and have received in return hank notes in tho proportion of $0 in pa per to $10.60 in gold represented by the bonda. They lend this money. When this business ceases to co profitable, they return their SOO,OOO in bank-notes to tbe Treasury, receive thoir bonds, sell them for $120,000 of paper currency, and lend that money. , In this tho banks havo no special privilege. Any balf-doztn citizens having $50,000 of bonds ra»y become bankers, or, without becoming a National Bank, can lond money and do a bank ing business. Thoro Is no special privilege when it is froo and open to everybody. To borrow money by depositing an interconvertible 3.65- hond first requires that tbo person shall havo tho moans to purchase tho bond ; when he buys tho bond ho loads bis money to tho Govermont at 8.65 percent interest; when ho surrenders bis bond, ho gets bis money back and no moto. This operation in no wiso reduces tbo rato of in terest to tho borrowers. OBITUARY, THOMAS AIRD. The cable a day or two ainco announced tho death of Thomas Aiud, a Scotch poet of consld orablo prominence. He was born in 1802 at Bowden, and received his education at tho Uni* varsity of Edinburg, aqd daring this time was editor of the Tl'wWy Journal. From 1895 until 1803 bo was editor of the Dumfries Journal, a Conaervativo newspaper, and was also a frequent contributor to Slackoood'e Magazine. His prin* cipal works are “Religions Obaraotorlstlca " and M Tho Old Bachelor in tho Old Soottiah Village,” and his boat known poem, '"The Devil's Dream.” Adolph diornrerq. Tho Boston papers announce tbo death at Lawroncc, Moss., on Tuesday last, of Adolph Biorndbro, one of Napoleon's soldiers. An exchange says: A* a cadet bo assisted In tbo ceremonies of making Bonaparte the First Consul of France, and for sev eral subsequent years be followed In tbe command of (hat groat military loader, Ho was not a Frenchman, but a Swede, being bom si Stockholm July 4,1781. Uo was tho youngest of thirteen children, and his father, who waa a Justice of tho King's Bench In Sweden, lived to tho great ego of 107. Or. Bioundcbo Joined the French army when 23 years old, and march ed with It .Into Poland, and thence on tbe disas trous campaign In liusslo. In the original squadron of buz tars to which deceased waa attached as a First Lieutenant, 104 out of 100 died in that campaign. BionsDEUo was no believer In Napoleob, hlSMtlmato of the Emperor being that “he was a presumptuous man. raised to bo a tyrant, and aspiring to universal dominion.” On tho return of the army to I’arlsLieut. Biorhueuo was presented with fifty lout* d'ore, a pass port for Sweden, and bis discharge. Ho loft France for bis native land, where he acquired a knowledge of medicine, after whiob bo came to this country. JOHN GRAHAM LOUGH. John Graham Looon, a sculptor of considera ble eminence, died in England recently. He was a native of Northumberland, and first be came an exhibitor at tbo Royal Academy m 1820. In 1827 ho produced an ideal statao of Milo, which, togothor with a statue of Samson, was purchased by tho Duko of Wellington. In 1845 ho exoontod tbe etatne of Hor Majesty in tho Royal Exchange, aod in 1840 a sutne of Prince Albert for Llotos. Tbo deaths aro also announced of the Rov. John Bernard Daloaibds, on eminent Roman Catholio divine of the Brompton Oratory, En gland, whoso two books on the “Baorod Heart ” and the “Holy Communion ” have gone through several editions and have boon translated Into several languages; of John A. Merritt, at Bye, N. Y, t one of tbo most extensive cattle-traders oast of tbe Mississippi, who loaves a fortunes of $2,000,000; of tho Dowager Daohoss, mother of tho present Earl of Dorby; and of Prof. Johnßobteed. one of tho moat skillful physi cians in New York City. Tho Louisville Courier-Journal is unalterably opposed to nominating any “conaervativo Re publican,” such as Judge Davis of tbe Supreme Coart, for Prosldont. Nothing but a straight, original Democrat will do. No more Queiclxv business for it. Here is tbe way it talks. Tbo Obkelkt CAtnittlgn bad Us uioi. That, how* over, was enough. No party could sunrlvo a second attempt of tbs sort. Tills year the Democratic party needs to do Us campaigning at the fanner does bis plowing—ln a straight farrow. A straight ticket, a straight platform, aud a straight and open highway should ho the word, so that, uo matter how we come out, we shall issue with solid columns, whole bones, sud the llag Hying. No more domorsllutloo, no more debauchery, uo crookedness,—not oven a “ straight* around-tho-corner."— no sugar and no lemons,—per* fcctly straight, plain,—something tbst will bo recog nized as good enough without any seasoning. lias* DUIOBS, lIUOK, TIIUUMAH, lIITIBD, ALBUM.TILDKM, ono or two of them,—Democrats all,—good men all,— will do. ’ Wo ore a 111110 surprised at tho inclusion of Allen. According to this, U would even prefer old Bill, the "Bag-Baby blatherskite," to Judge Davib. Bnt tho Domooratio leaders of Illinois are talking pretty strongly of forcing Judge Davib, Ilopublican aa bo Is, down tbo throats of the Kentucky Bourbons. Thoro 1b progress even in China. The latent reports show that a railroad has boon formally opened In suite of tho oppoaition of the native authorities, and that tho inventor of telegraphy has actually boon recognized in tho Pekin Gazette, This projected railroad—tho flrat in tho Chinese Empire—is 16 miles long, running between Wnsuog and Shanghai, and 6 milee of tho road have boon completed. This eonoda Btrangely enough for a country which 1b as old as the bills and has a population of 300,000,000 aoula, when our new nation, juet celebrating its first Centennial, and having a population of 40,000,600, bas between 00,000 and7o,ooo mites of railroad. *Tho resistance of the Chinese to all elements of progresa has kept them far behind the Japanese, who have shown a disposition to avail themselves of tho advancement made by other nations, and attain a civilization on a plane with tho European and American nations, Eat now that there Is an entering wedge under the Chinese wall, perhaps it may be tumbled down completely in course of lime. It la said by friends of both Mr. Bluki and Mr, Comulimo that, although these two gentlemen bsve not spoken to each other for ten years, either would prefer tbe success of tbs other to that of Gen. Bats* tow, and will so work at tbe Convention. This la un questionably true, and tbe reason lies, nut in personal antagonism, bnt In tbe eouilict of great priuciplee. BnatNa and CoMsuxa would unite against Biustow. —Cincinnati IStnt*, Why Is it true ? What would be tbolr motive (or burying the hatobot, as be tween themselves, but uniting to tomahawk Bbistow? What has be done to acquire their implacable animosity? Are they so deadly hostile to his vigorous and sacceimful campaign against revenue thieves that they ire willing to pool their force* to d* feat him ? Whatever may bo Combxiko's hatred of Bristow on account of his warfare against revenue robbers, whereby a good many of Cork* liko’s machine men suffered, wo do not beliavs there is a word of truth in tho statement aa re gards Blaise. Tho telegraph dispatches several times of late have referred to ft revolution In Barbados* and groat destruction of property, without making special reference to (be causes. Late advleot show that the troubles have grown out of the persistent efforts of tho Governor, Mr. Pops QcNMKssr, who in the original of Mr. Trollopb’i Phineat Finny to force npon tho people tho con federation policy of the Homq Government, The Legislature, as well as the people of Barba does, seem to bo Inflexibly opposed to an; ooq. solidatiou of West Indian Insular Interests. PERSONAL, Tbe Prince of Wales, it m said, has growl stoat and unhandsome during his Indian tour. Tho Buko of Edinburg at last accounts wai in London, and hod enraptured tho musical world by graciously promising to play at a eon. cert before starting on his two years'cruise In tho Sultan. "iKmoM." Mark Twain appeared on the stags at Hart ford, Conn., on Wednesday evening, as Peter Bpjjk in *♦ Loan of a Lover." Ho rewrote bis part, making U ono of a model blockhead, and la sold to have acted it with great success. If tbo agreeable and able gentleman who col lects personal paragraphs for tbo Cincinnati Commercial will couaent to road Mr. Monoura Conway’s entertaining letters in that paper, bt may anticipate his personal column frequently by several days. At a wedding in Baltimore, tbo other d&y, Gen, Grant, Secretary Bristow, and Mr. Blaine wera talking with each other. A looker-on remarked t '• I'm sure I see two Presidents in that group, and I don't see double either, because there's nt wine hero to-night. Prince Bismarck bos boon made a General of tbo Cavalry. This is tho highest military ofQci ho, as a non-active officer, can attain. Since the campaign of 1860, when he was raised from tbe rank of Majon to that of Major-General, Bis marck has always worn bis uniform In public, oven in tho Boicbstag sod Landtag, although his military office has no connection with his duties os a civil authority. They are tolling through tho oouotry the story for which Mrs. Cady Blanton Is .responsible, to tho effect that Mrs. Fish waa tbo first woman in Washington to tako the now Mrs. Senator Chriatlancy by tho hand. Mrs. Fish is credited with saying tbat she would rather recognize i girl who earned SI,OOO a year honestly and hon orably than rocognlzo a woman who made $lO,- 000 by intrigue and dishonor. Tbo Itov. Mr. Buffum, who has been on trial for unprofessional conduct, wroto to tho lady ol his choice several remarkable letters, which won road before tho Council of Ministers. One of thorn contains tho following thrilling passage j “ What should I do if tho lovo of Jesus was not in my hcait ? If there ia room in my trunk, pul in somo shoots and pillow-cases." Chops, to* mato-sanoo, and warming-pans wore nothing to this. Wo regret to see in the New York Sun an artl* clo bearing tho magnetic title: “Why We Call Him a Blatant Ministerial Fraud,” and to learn that the Bov. Dr. Talmago, of Brooklyn, Is the person referred to, Tbo Sun calmly assorts that Mr. Talmago is “a shallow follow in Intel* loot and fooling, and splashes about like a frog in a paddle”; that his sermons are “nothing bat explosions of intellectual fire-crackers in a tin-pan ”; aud that ho Is “ destitute of slncori ty.” The Tribune regrets to see these state moots, because they aro so likely to bo trne. Official returns from the Norwich (Conn.) Distrlot show that Wait, Bepnbllcao, waa elected to Congress by only 40 majority over David A. Wells, Domoorat and Independent. Last year tbo district nave Starkweather, Kopobllcan, 1,170 majority over Foster, Democrat. Inas much as Mr. Wolls mado no canvass of the dis trict, and was not oven nominated by tbo Demo crats. but only recommended by them, and as be was obnoxious to the Protectionists in both par ties, tbo result is something surprising. And still moro so is the vote of Now London County, which gavo Mr. Wolls 160 majority. The New York Nation has a bit of otymolog* leal observation whiob would be Interesting but for the awful thought that it may provoke Mr, Blohard Qrant White to say something. Tbo Aoftonsays: "It is curious to soe how tbs word quite, tho synonym of 'entirely,* after coming Into use In tho sense of 'very* (whiob Is, however, * quite recent*}, is now passlmr cur rent in the sense of * not quite.’ An illustration of this came to our notice in tho case of an Inventor of a now safety-lamp for burning fluids, who found he could mako no sales be cause tbe scientific exports certified that bis lamp was ‘ quit© safe.* " Tbo furious sensitiveness of tbo Royal Family of England about “ ail the little forms and cere monials of dignity investing atbronefrom whiob real power Las ebbed away” furnishes another text to Mr. Conway. In enforcement of bis principle bo tolls a story. Just before tbe last Drawing-Room tho wife of a distinguished noble man wroto to tho Quoon asking to bo excused from appearing in a low-neokod dross, accord ing to tho established etiquette. The lady had boon ill, and was unwilling to expose her shoul ders, either because sbofoarod tho consequences or because she was ashamed to show them. Af ter a tong and solemn conference the Lord Chamberlain was instructed to say to the ps* titionlog lady that Her Majesty would for ones consent to tbe innovation on condition that it should not be taken as a precedent, and that tbo dress should be oat low in front. To tho con sideration of such mighty affairs lias the majesty of England been reduced. Mr. Conway writes to tbe Cincinnati Com met elal of tbo Royal-Titles bill, os affecting tbs domestic happiness of Quoon Victoria: “It is well known that (be main interest which the Qaoon bad in tho new title was tho addition it would make to her grandeur in Europe, and Disraeli is at bis wit’s ends to discover some way in which her ambition in this respect may bo gratified, in consistency with bis pledge that tbo word 'Empress' shall bo suppressed In all State papers not relating to India. There is yet to bo a scone at Windsor Castle. There bis el* ready boon one, if gossip is correct. It Is said that tbo Prime Minister found the Princess Beatrice pouting, and even moist-eyed, because ho had certified Parliament that the now title would not affect the children of Her Majesty. Borne of her frionde bad already addressed notes to her, inscribed, I To Her Boyal and Imperial Highness.' And now she would have to correct them—it was too bad I Dleraeli tried to coo* solo Trix as well as he could, bat at latest dates she was anything bat happy." HOTEL AHAIVALB. palm tr tsouu— F.Sleale,Georgetown, D. 0.; O,<X ElUs, Boston; Theodore Tilton, Brooklyn} W. D* H» millon, Louisville; 11. It. Ssyward, E. flulchlnion, and Q, M. Elnney, Boston, 0,0. Sent, LoagUm, Eng.: John Grsbsm, Ottawa. Canada; U. A. Crawford and Andrew Newell. Melbourne, Aue* trill*; H, M. Bussell. Galesburg; E, A, O Inlay, London.... Urana Paetjle— llugo Kaj, New York; J. T. Hackworlb, Ottumwa, la,;J. Allen, Olnclnnatl; judge James Grant, Davenport, W, U. McCurdy, Oisvetaud; Andrew Allen. Montreal* S. W. Keyes, Wisconsin; T.’j. Kerer, Ban Francisco W. D. FsrwelL New York; E. fl. Inman, Liverpool. Jacob Meyer, Quincy.,.. XTsmenf //ouse—Gen.Charles X. New York; T. 11. Malone, Foud duU°i Cbarlss Burnbam. New York; J. U. Uice, Hot Spring*, Ark; Blmeon Bmttb.U. B, A., tho Hon, FrancU Bod; mao. Evanston; O. D. Dorman and O. Aldeo. Bosw» ( * MaJ.O.D. Hughes, Now York; Thomas Miller. St, Louis; tbe Hon. J. M. Smith, Tuscola; G. W. Ahoy* Ntw York; Cob Frank Washburn. Wisconsin, O. W. Mansfield, New Haven; O. H. Allen, Bt, Louis.... gArrman Housa—Tbe Boo* U, Harlow. Springfield; tbs Hon. James Terbons* Omaha; O. O. Bobbins, Eureka. Kan.; Saliburr i Troubadours, New York? T. Orattan Biggs, Buffalo; the Hon. J. K. Gutteos. Philadelphia: Cob H. WUaoo, U. 6. A.. Lancaster, Fa.: tbe Hon G. H. Bacon, Boa* ton; tbe Hon. U. B. Moody. House—A. F. EUmwood, ItoeOsburg. Wts.{ J. W. Han* dersoo, Baltimore; Mrs. Annie Austin, London, Oat.l U.L. Gould, BlouzCliy; Fred Henley, Hew Few George lane, Bay City.

Other pages from this issue: