Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 2, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 2, 1876 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. - lint OF «ÜBCCf ITTtOJf (PAYABLE 1* ADTAHCK) Tottnfe Prepaid nt tliln OfHco. Dolly Edition, poatpald. I J’arta of year at tame rate. Mailed (e any tddrcM pocn wkreh f0r.... 1.00 Bandar BdiUont Literary and Hellgloua Doobla Mbeet..,. 3.00 Trt*W#ekly, poatpald, I year. U.uO Faria of year at aame rale. VUILt EDITION, POSTPAID, Obooopt, per pear B)»{H> O jnb of lira,per copy I .HO Club of twanty, per copy 1.1/1 The potUyo ia 16 oenu a year, which va will prepay, flpeelnan eoplea aanl free. To promt delay and nilitakea, bo amro and yira Foal- Office addreea In tall, Including Stale ood Oeonty. fUmlttanocs »ay be made oltber by draft, eipreaa, Poat-Offlce order, er lo regtiterad letter*. atourrltk. TUIMI TO CITT BVBaCftiOtna. Dally, dellTcred, Sunday excepted. 86 centa par week, Daily, delivered, Sunday included. HO eenla per week. Addrraa THK TIUUUNK COMPANY. Comer Madlaon and Dearboro-iia,. Chicago 111. AMUSEMENTS. NEW CHICAGO THEATRE—CIark (treat, between Randolph end Lake. Uoolcj’e Miailrele. ADELHII THEATRE—Monroe etreet, corner Deer born. Variety entertainment. UOOLEFS THEATRE—Randolph (treat, between Clark and l*Salle. Engagement of Balibury'a Trou badoura. *' Patchwork.” McVTCKER’B THEATRE—MiIIion (tmt. between Dearborn and Stale. " Henry VIII.” and *• Katharine and retruclo.” SOCIETY MEETINGS. APOLLO COMMANDER?'OF KNIGHTS TEM PLAR.—There will be a elated conclave at the Atylum, 13 Ucmroe-iU, tbla (Toceday) evening, at B o'clock. Work on the order of K. T. ‘b. F. PATRICK, Recorder. ASHLAR LODGE, No. SOS, F. k A. M.-Regular eomtnunlcaUon this (Tueiday) evening in ibetr ball. Mo. 73 Monroe-nt., for work on the Third Degree. The fraternity cordially Invited C. 11. CRANE, Secretary. Uhi (U tega ©ribime. Tuesday Morning, May 2, 1876. Greenbacks at tbo New York Gold Ex change yesterday closed at 88J. Predictions of continued uncomfortable chilliness form the burden of Old Probs’ song to-day. The public debt statement for May figures oat a reduction of $2,781,181 during the month of April. The Common Council last evening dosed Its official career by the passage of an ordi nance authorizing the issue of city certifi cates in accordance with tho recent decision, and by completing tho canvass of tho vote cast at tho last election, with tho exception of the vote for Mayor, which was excluded. The new Council will toko up the thread of municipal legislation next Monday evening. For tho second and last time, os ho an nounces, Mr. Blaise has claimed tho privi lege of making a statement in reply to tho stories in circulation reflecting upon his in tegrity. Yesterday ho devoted his attention to the Kansas Pacific bond slander, and g&vo a denial so clear, comprehensive, and con clusive, supported by collateral evidence of unquestionable credibility, that no room is left for doubt tbat Mr. Blaine has completely mot and disposed of this assault upon his reputation. Mr. Holman, of Indiana, come to tho front yesterday with his customary inflation pill, and the Democracy, as usual, swallowed it with wry faces. It was in tho form of o proposition for the repeal of the resumption clause of the Itosumption act of Jan. 11, 1875, and tho Uouso was brought to a square showing on tho question. Sir. Holman had, of conrso, no expectation of scouring tho re peal by tho requisite two-thirds majority, but the measure was useful ns a squeeze upon certain hard-moucy Democrats, and several of them wore brought to terms and forced to surrender to tho inflationists. Nothing hut a precipitate adjournment saved the Northern Democrats in tho Houso yesterday from making a record which they aro desperately anxious to avoid. It was ou Lho question of an appropriation to pay vari ous claims of mail-contractors in tho South for services performed just prior to tho breaking out of tho War, oud tho Confed erates were pertinacious in their demand for final action. A call of tho yeas and nays was made by Gen. Hdrlbdt, of Illinois, and to prevent this calamity a motion to adjourn was interposed, aud tho dreaded record was for tho time postponed. The Southern Dem ocrats aro incensed at tho cowardice of their Northern friends, and will not lot the matter rest. They will insist upon a decision of the question, record or no record. Announcement is made of tho organization of tbo now Reform Club of Now York City, composed of several hundred prominent Re publicans and solid citizens opposed to 44 ma chine politics." Tho declaration of principles is o significant indication of tho sentiment which prevails among a largo body of Re publicans in Now York, and an equally significant notification of what is ex pooled of tho Cincinnati Convention. Specie resumption, a non-partisan Civil Service, retrenchment and economy in public expenditures, and a Presidential candidate of tried character and in sympathy with the prevailing sentiment of tho people, end one 44 whoso namo alone will bo a guar antee of official integrity, of wise and prudent administration, and of a fearless enforce ment of tho laws " —such ia tho platform of the Club. It means Bhistow or it means nothing, and from the list of officers it is dear that the organization of the Club is not without a purpose aud a moaning. Assurance is given by Dr. Lindehuin, Di rector- of the Mint, that there need be no apprehension of a scarcity of silver coin, as there has been issued but §l, COO,OOO under the Substitution act, while the Treasury De partment has on hand about $11,000,000, and the mint coinage will supply from $1,600,000 to $2,000,000 per month from this time forth. It will be necessary, however, before the $14,000,000 of silver coin reserve can be made available for circulation, that Congress authorize its exchange for legal-tenders, these, in turn, to be exchanged for fractional cur rency, and the latter to be destroyed. A proposition to this effect has been introduced, and will probably be adopted. Another plan for preventing a dearth of small ohange will be orged upon Congress. It is to put the finishing touches upon a large quantity of fractional currency which had been nearly perfected when the funds of the Treasury Printing Bureau gave out, and which can be got ready for circulation at a very small ex pense. If the fractional* are not used, the cost of printing, paper, etc., will be a total loss, and it would be as well to finish op the lob and put the scrip in circulation. The Chicago produce markets were gen erally more active yesterday, and very irreg dig. tfeee pork daolined 60# per brl, and closed 080 lower, fit $20.07j for May and $20.00 for June. Lard declined 25@300 per 100 lbs, closing at $13.40 cash and SI2.CC for Juno. Meats were dull and per lb lower, at 710 for boxed shoulders, 11-Jo for do abort ribs, nndlljo for do short clears. Lake freights wore firm, at 4o for wheat to Buffalo. Ilighwinos were nominally easier, nt $1.05j@1.07 per gallon. Flour was dull. Wheat advanced J@lc, and closed lo lower, at 97j0 for May and 99j0 for June. Corn advanced £o and fell back Jc, closing at 45jJo for May and 40jc for July. Oats were J@3o lower, closing at 30jc for May and for Juno. Bye was dull and lo lower, at (520. Barley was l@Bc higher, closing at 030 for May. Hogs were moderately active and weak, with sales of poor lo prime at $7.35@7.C0. The cattle trade was quiet, and prices wero cosy. Sales wore at $2.50@5.510. Sheep were dull at $4.00@G.3r». One hundred dol lars in gold would buy $112.75 in greenbacks at the close. .■13.00 If nny doubt remained that the solo pur pose of the numerous Congressional' investi gations now in course of procedure Is tbo manufacture of political capital, and not tbo exposure and reform of abuses in tbo public service, such doubt will bo completely remov ed by tbo action of tho Democratic House yesterday in sanctioning secret sessions of tho various Investigating Committees and in authorizing tbo withholding of their reports according ns tho interests of tho party shall dictate. Tho question whether tho investi gations shall bo secretly or publicly con ducted was brought before tbo' House iu a resolution offered by Mr. Hale, of Maiuo, re quiring publicity in every case. It was at once mode a party question, and tbo defeat of Mr. Hale's proposition, which was sup ported by tho solid Republican vote, and by Messrs. Lamar, Randall, and Hol man alone of tho other side, was followed by tbo introduction of a resolution by Sir. Morrison, making it dis cretionary with tho committees to hold pub lic or secret sessions—in short, establishing tho star-chamber policy. Air. Morrison's resolution was adopted by a strict party vote, and tbo committees were thus given full license to run tbeir slander-mills in tho dark and pcddlo out the grists in such shape as will best servo tbo party purpose. THE DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE POB PRES IDENT. Tho Democratic party in tho State of New York have been able to unite in a recom mendation that Gov. Tilden bo nominated for President by the St. Louis Convention, aud this unanimity promises to bo fruitful of success. If tho nomination in tho Conven tion was obtainable by a majority vote, tho indications are that Tilden would bo ccr trimly nominated. But tho Democratic party has tho law requiring two-thirds to make a nomination, aud therefore it is always easier to defeat than to make a nomination. Tho New York Democracy, however, will go to St. Louis with tho declaration that tho nomination of Tilden will insure beyond all question tho veto of tho Stato of Now York, which voto is imperatively necessary to tho election of a Democratic President. This assurance will probably bo also given by tbo delegates from Connecticut, New Jersey, the throe States on tho Pacific,'and Colorado. No delegate from thoso States will undertake to guarantee tho electoral voto of either of these States in favor of any other candidate who may bo named. Tbo Confederates of tbo Southern States ns a whole caro more for success than for can didates or platforms. With the exception of perhaps Missouri, they ore entirely indiffer ent on the currency question, and will vote, in preference to nil others, for the man who will offer with the greatest degree of certain ty the vote of the State of Now York, with out which the chances of any Democratic nomination are a failure. Governed by this groat consideration of having a man who ctm give some assurance of being elected, the Southern or former slaveholdiug States will, in all probability, after the prelim inary skirmish, settle down on Tilden. The whole vote of the Convention will be 3C9, of which 2415 will bo two-thirds. Tildeh will have, therefore, the vote of the Into slavchold ing Slates, 1558 ; the vote of Now England, 40 j tho voto of California, Oregon, Nevada, and Colorado, 15 ; the voto of Now York (35), and New Jersey (U) ; making a total of 2315, leaving him to got but 10 more votes in Con vention from tho Northwestern States. Tho delegates from Georgia bavo boon instructed for Tildes. Many of tho leading Democratic papers in tho Southern States, including the Louisville Couricr-Jvurtial and tho Mobile JlegUter, earnestly support tho nomination of Tilden. All tho Southern Democratic States sock deliverance from the rule of the Repub lican party, and they will ho unanimous in tho Convention for the man who they may think can carry enough Northern States to bo elected. Assuming, therefore, for tho occasion, that Tiujen will bo nominated at St. Louis, it becomes of somo interest to tbo Republican party as to tho strength which ho will have in tho Presidential canvass. In tho first place, It may bo considered that ho will carry all tho luto slaveholdiug States except, pos sibly, South Carolina. Excluding tho latter State, he may count upon 131 doctoral votes as certain, leaving him 54 votes to render his election secure. Of these ho will expect tho 15 votes of the hard-money States on tho Pacific and also of Colorado. This makes tho voto of tho State of Now York tho great objective point of tho Democratic policy. Connecticut is certain for any hard-money Democratic candidate. * Mr. Tilden is a man of acknowledged in tellectual ability; he has a fair personal rep utation, aud, owing to his services iu prose cuting the Tweed lling, was elected Governor of Now York by a grateful people. Since ho has been Governor ho has broken up the great Canal Bing, and bas become known to the whole country as a reformer, and os a vigor ous prosecutor of official frauds. lie, us a Democrat, stands before the people iu some what the same popular light that Buistow docs as a Kcpublican. As against Buistow, his reputation os on honest Executive would avail him notbiug, because the present Secre tary of the Treasury has a record which throws iu the shade that of any other man in the country, The grout moral sentiment of the people is iu favor of electing to the Presi dency not only a man with clean hands and free of all participation in the past corruption, but also a roan who bos a record as a practical reformer of Government, a weeder-out of the rotten and criminal from the public service, and they will elect such a man, no matter by what party be bo nominated. . If the one party will not nominate such a candidate and the other does, then the reformer will carry with him the support of the aroused ond deter mined public. The Kepublicon party can make no issue with Ttloxn on the currency THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: TUESDAY, MAT 2, 1870. question. The 41 diluted greenback" delu sion has been badly demoralized by the visi ble appearance of the metallic currency. The candidate who tolerates the ragamuffin doctrine will go down under disastrous defeat. The only doubtful Stales, those In which the decisive contest must take place, are the hard money Slates, nud the candidate who opposes Tilden must stand fairly and squarely on the same platform with him on thatqucstion. In case the Republican party shall, at Cin cinnati, nominate a man of questionable too ord, a candidate suggested by the machine politicians, one whoso record is of hitter op position to reform in the Civil Service, or in favor of further coutimmuco of the War which closed eleven years ago, the great com mercial and financial interests of the coun try, who so earnestly desire poaco and an honest administration of the Government, will not have (ho slightest hesitation in giv ing their confidence and their support to a man like Tildes. Wo confess that Tilden wilt bo the most formidable opponent of the Republicans that the Democratic party can nominate at this time. He will make the great battle in States which otherwise would bo certainly Repub lican. He will furnish an acceptable candi date to that multitude of people who will not support any man for President who rep resents and Is himself a part of the machine politics of the country. The probable nomination of Tilden at St. Louis is, therefore, of such importance to the Republican party that it should bo accepted as a portentous warning against the nomina tion of any candidate who expects to bo elected by more party machinery. The Inde pendent voter is numerous, and the voters who are determined that there shall bo n re form in the whole administration of the Gov ernment will find the man whoso own record gives the best assurance on that point, and will elect him, no matter by what Conven tion bo may bo nominated. THE COOS COUNTY ASSESSMENT FOB 1870. Tho assessment of property for State, county, city, and town taxation for 187 G is soon to begin. Tho errors of past assess ments knvo been frequently exposed. Tho people of this comity do not seek to osenpo their just contribution to tho support of tho State Government; neither do they like to pr.y any more. Tho actual amount of State tax collected in this county is small compared with the local taxation, but the assessment for State purposes applies to tho wholo tax, and any injustice in that is made severely oppressive to individuals. Tho final deter mination of tho taxable value of property rests with the Stato Hoard of Equalization, and, unfortunately, that Board can only deal with counties and not with individual eases. Thus tho State Board deals only with the aggregate valuation of personal property in this county. It finds that in Cool: County the average assessment of horses, cattle, carriages, pianos, and other personal prop erty, is less than tho average valuation of tho same property in tho State generally, whereupon the State Board adds GO, GO, SO, or 100 per cent to the taxable value of all the personal property in tho county 1 Tho hardship of this rule falls upon those whoso property has already been locally valued at a fair rate. A, whoso personal property has been honestly valued by tho Assessor at SI,OOO, finds that ho must pay taxes ou $1,200, SI,OOO, or oven $2,000, while B, who owns tho same amount of property, unfairly assessed at SIOO, only pays a fraction of what ho ought to pay. Tho only woy to avoid tbic is to have an average assessment upon an honest basis. As between the prop erty of individuals tho valuation should bo equal and uniform, and, with tho tables of tho equalized values of oil kinds of property in tho Stato, tho Assessors of this county may make such returns as will render it unnecessary for tho Stato Board to add any thing to tho valuation of this county. This can be done more readily, because a general increase in tho assessment will not increase tho tax of any individual, for tho reason that tho tax levy is now made for an aggregate sum, and tho rate of tax is such sum ns will produce tho wholo tax from tho assessment. Tho higher tho aggregate valuation tho lower tho rate of tax, and vice versa, But tho Asses sors should aim to make tho assessments uni form and just as between individuals, and each piece of property and all property should bo valued by the same rule, so that tho law of the Constitution should bo carried out, that every person and corporation shall pay a tax in proportion to tho value of his or its property, as compared with all other like property, and no more. Let the local assess ments be honest and intelligent, and there will be no trouble from tho State Board of Equalization. WORE EOR THE GRAND JURY. One of tho matters demanding sharp in vestigation by tho Graad Jury impaneled yesterday is tho management of the County Poor-House at Jefferson. Tho average num ber of inmates is between eight and nine hundred, for whoso maintenance largo sup plies are required, and are paid for out of tho County Treosnry on a very liberal scale ns regards quantity, quality, and price. In short, enough is paid for, after making allowance for tho inevitable thievery in tho contracts, to amply provide for keeping tho eight or nine hundred in decent comfort. But tho inmates for whoso benefit tho people’s money is spent aro kept in half starved condition, and tho rations doled out to them aro wretchedly insufficient and lit only for tho slop-pail, while out of the average family slop-pail better food could bo fished. About a year siuco Tire in introducing a reporter into the Poor-House ns a pauper inmate, aud his revelations of the horrors of the place, as experienced by him during a week's stay there, excited a storm of indignation'that spread from the city through out the country and—ended in the usual splutter, siuco which, under, (ho auspices of Warden Kiuueblv and Beau-Contractor Pxni oi.it, and the sweet-scented ring that runs the County Board, things have gone on as before. Yesterday we wore shown tbe ration served out at ten on Sunday, and which was fetched from the Institution by Dr. U. D. Dodge, of 208 Wabash avenue, and Mr. J. J. Bell, of Oak Park, both reputable, responsi ble gentlemen, well known in this city. The ration in question was served to a sick old lady. It consisted of a half-piut of a villainous decoction dished out as tea, but which nobody could mistake for such, its rank odor and abomiuablo flavor advertising it as tbe most poisonous of odul (orations. With this were two slices of bread, —sour, heavy, and black, made from spoilt flour. Such was tbe ration for all the in mates. Once a day meat was added, aud coffee worse than the tea might be substi tuted for tbe latter. The meat-ration was also secured by Messrs. Dodox and Bell. It consisted of a Junk of musty corned-beef,— A thin cartilege out from the flank of some half*Btarved Texas animal, nnd wholly unfit for food. Theso two rations per day are all that is allowed the ordinary inmates. A third, consisting, presumably, of Fr.monvr'a beaus, is served those who do manual labor, and for this starveling, unwholesome feed the county pays more than enough to provide excellent, abundant faro, three or more meals a day, even with liberal margin for stealings. The ordinary practice of the Grand Jury baa been to visit the I’oor-llouso, partake of a sumptuous dinner provided out of tho county's supplies by tho Superintendent, with generous supply of wine to wash it down, and on their return to report all lovely. But better things are expected of tho present Grand Jury. Instead of making such perfunctory inipection of tho Poor- House, lot them summon Messrs. Dodoe and Bull os witnesses, and inspect tho actual ration served out there. Then let them follow ■np the matter until they discover evidence to convict tho thieves implicated in this infamous robbery of tho county, and more atrocious cruelty practiced upon tho unfortunate inmates in dealing out to them short supply of such provender, and push tho inquiry enough further la fix tho respon sibility for tho inhuman neglect of tho sick there. That is tho work that lies right be fore the Grand Jurors, and they cannot do better than address themselves to it at once. THE JAIL DELIVERY. Wo presume the Grand Jury now in ses sion will be called upon to investigate the recent jail delivery. It is certainly a legiti mate subject of inquiry. Thoro is nothing in tho evidence tho newspapers have gath ered which points to any actual collusion on the part of tho officer) of tho jail, but the cscapo of fourteen men from a jail which cost enough to bo one of tho most secure in the country is of itself an evidence of gross inismanogomont in tho absence of collusion. For this tho Sheriff of tho county is respon sible. Ho receives $911,700 a year for tho payment of tho current expenses of his offico, and is accredited with sixty-six em ployes. Tho number of employes and tho amount expended to maintain tho ofllco aro sufficient to exact a thoroughly efficient man agement. It is a matter of common report, however, that there havo been serious abusoa since the present Sheriff charged himself with tho duties of tho office. It is said that ho has surrounded himself with a number of loafers nud worthless fellows, paying them money which would have sufficed to employ sober, steady, excellent, and in dustrious men in these limes. It Is cited, in : confirmation of this, that thero have been several escapes from the jail, that some of : tho prisoners have been permitted to travel ilia streets, that whisky has been sold, and other practices have been tolerated which a strictly conscientious Sheriff would not per mit. Whether or not there havo boon previous escapes from tho jail which were not report* cd, the escape of fourteen men on Sunday morning was too notorious a matter to admit of concealment. In examining tho matter, it has been found .that there was but one guard on watch, though there wore more than a hundred prisoners in tho jail, and many of them under conviction. It is found that, in addition to leaving this single guard, some of tho prisoners woro intrusted with tho duties of turnkeys and with tho freedom of tho corridors. Two of those prisoners, to whom the necessary facilities had been given, cosily overcame and secured tho single guard, ond then slowly proceeded to open tho cells of their immediate friends, nil of whom quietly walked into tho freedom which had been denied them under tbo law. Now it is for tho Grand Jury to determine whether a sum aggregating nearly SIOO,OOO annually is not sufficient to enable tho Sheriff to keep more than one guard on watch at a time. It is also for them to determine whether the law warrants tho Sheriff In .using prisoners as guards over themselves and their fellows. Thoy may also inquire whether, os it is al leged, whisky is sold to tho prisoners, and whether there is any warrant for tho Sheriff to permit this trnffio. It is also com petent for them to ascertain whether there have been previous escapes from tho jail that havo not been reported, ond, if so, whether thoy have likewise been tho result of in efficiency of tho jail officers or tho misman agement of the Sheriff. There is a statute covering malfeasance and culpable neglect in tho administration of State and county of fices which tbo State’s Attorney will point oat to tho Grand Jury in case the investiga tion shall warrant its application. SCORE ANOTHER FOB BRISTOW I Tho outcome of tho Congressional invest** gallon of Secretary Bristow in connection with tho schooner Mary Merritt case has sub stantiated, ns far as it goes, tho chnrgo recent ly made by The Tribune, that a conspiracy has been formed between tho Whisky Ring and tho Democrats to smirch Mr. Chistow's reputation at any cost. In view of its ex posure, and tho defeat it encountered in its first attempt, this conspiracy may coroo to a premature and inglorious oud, and it may not dnro to proceed any further. But if tho con spiracy shall renew tho attack, it is safe to say that Secretary Bristow will rout it ogaia as in tho present instance, oven if thero bo a resort to perjury, which is con templated; and that tho intended victim will bo more formidable than over, both as a prosecutor of thieves and as a Presidential candidate, in which two characters tho con spiracy desires to break him down. In the Mary Merritt case, though investi gated by a partisan Committee, ready to lend u willing car to tho most damaging and un trustworthy testimony, Mr. Bristow has not oven found it necessary to summon witnesses for tho defense. Tho caso has failed for lack of evidence on tho part of tho prosecution. Not one of tho Instigators of tho investiga tion, or of tho witnesses they caused to bo summoned, bad anything to odor that, in the slightest degree, impeached tho integrity of Secretary Bristow either as amon or as a pub lie ofilccr. But bo was able to turn tho tables on bis prosecutors completely. 110 showed them to be in part paid attorneys of the Mil waukee whisky thieves aud in part officers of a Milwaukee Democratic Club. 110 made the representatives of tho whisky men virtually confess that they wero actuated by malice and resentment, and ho forced their Demo cratic co-conspirators to admit that they bad moved in the matter for partisan purposes. 110 extracted from tho editor of the ohsetfro and dirty little newspaper in Milwaukee, which first printed ond has since harped on the charge, that ho had published it with out personal knowledge or credible informa tion, anij knowing that it came from tho whisky men. Ho brought out that Hazel tom, a Congressman, had taken a fee of SSOO for arguing tho cose originally; that Hassell, who was United State* District-Attorney, hod token a gratuity of SSOO la lieu of his feesj and that all the opposition to the release of tho schooner was prompted by tho desire to secure tho official moieties nnd informers' fees. 80, when tho witnesses for tho prose cution had finished, they were convicted out of their own mouths; and. unable to make a showing of any irregularity or impropriety on tho part of Sccrctai*y Bristow, they had exhibited themselves as irresponsible scandal mongers, actuated variously by a desire for revenge, by partisan opposition, and by tho rapacity of informers,—motives as low and vile os any that control human actions. Secretary Bristow’s connection with tho Mary Merritt case is very simple nnd entirely honorable. Tho schooner had boon forfeited for a technical violation of tho law relating to foreign trade. During the trial of tho case, Mr. Bristow, who had then no official con nection whatever with tho Government, ap peared in behalf of tho owners, not oven os a paid attorney but as n friend, nnd because bo was convinced of tho justice of their cause. When tho case was re-oponod, after ho became Secretary of tho Treasury, ho re fused to act in tho matter directly, on ac count of his former relations with the appli cants for release, and tho release was granted only after tho case had passed a thorough ex amination by tho Navigation Division of tho Treasury Department, which reported in con sonance with tho legal views of Solicitors Bankield and Bedford 'Wilson, tho law officers of tho Department. It was then, and after the United States Judges and prosecuting attorneys bad joined in tho peti tion, that Acting-Secretary Conant issued a warrant of remission. If Secretary Bristow had stopped in to prohibit tho issue of this order, bo would have been doing an injustice to innocent parlies simply because bo had once, prior to his official connections, been friendly to them. This would have been ar rant domngogism. But tho charge brought against Secretary Bristow, as sot forth in tho Congressional resolution suggested to Judgo Gate by the Whisky King, was that, when application was made to him for tho remis sion, ho had referred tho attorney to bis pri vate secretary, saying ho “would fix it up." There was not a scintilla of proof to sustain this charge, and tho attorney alluded to de nied it bluntly. So tho investigation has merely enabled Secretary Bristow to expose before a Democratic Committee tho conspira cy which tho Democrats have formed with the Whisky King against him. It was a very good week's work. IS IT CONTRACTION P Tho statement from Washington to tho effect that tho National Banks of the country have, bo far as they nro concerned, retired $50,000,000 siuco tho new Banking act bo. came a law (Jan. 11, 1875), will bo received with a good deal of surprise. Tho law au thorized tho banks to rcduco their currency to a nominal figure by depositing in tho United States Treasury an amount of green* backs equal to tho amount of National Bank notes proposed to bo retired. It has been known that tho city banks have largely availed themselves of this privilege, but it was not thought that thoy had indicated their intention of withdrawing so largo an amount. It is a very complete answer to that class of “grcenbackors” who have boon clamoring for tho abolition of the National Banks because of their excessive profits on their currency. If tho banks are left alone thoy will probably gratify tho de mand by voluntarily retiring tho bulk of their notes of issue because thoy nro not profitable. Tho actual retirement of Notional Bank notes so far amounts to about $28,000,* 000, since that sum has been presented for redemption in greenbacks, and tho notes it represents have been canceled and destroyed; but tho banks havo deposited $28,000,000 more in greenbacks, and that additional amount of National Bank notes will bo can celed and destroyed, and tho greenbacks re issued that are now lying in tho Treasury, as rapidly as tho retired notes find their way to tho Treasury. Tho first impression in considering this change is, that there has been a contraction of tho currency to tho amount of $56,000,000; and many persons will bo thoughtless enough to attribute, in some degree, to that fact tho continuation of hard times. But, while $56,000,000 have been nominally withdrawn from circulation, thoro has been practically no contraction, but rather an expansion of tho loanable funds of tho country. Previous to tho retirement of tho $56,000,000 tho banks retained at least 10 per cent in greenbacks for redemption thereof, —5 per cent in tho Treasury and 5 per cent in bank or in transitu. This left about $50,000,000 for loanable pur poses. But in withdrawing $56,000,000 from circulation the banks receive about $62,000,- 000 of bonds deposited to secure that amount of notes. These bonds are sold for about 120, which yields nearly $75,000,000 for loaning purposes. As a matter of fact, then, there is 40 per cent more loanable funds on tho amount of National Bank notes retired than before such retirement. This would bo true up to a certain point of alj tho retire ment of National Bank notes. Practically, then, thoro has boon no contraction, and this is fully confirmed by the huge amounts of idle money in the bank-vaults. Tho popular error in regard to contraction arises from tho general apprehension that tho actual circulation of money is from hand to hand and from pocket to pocket, whereas tho fact Is that tho groat balk of tho busi ness of tho country is dono through tho banks by checks, drafts, bills of exchange, etc. With a proper system of credits, pro tected by ample guarantees, it is not likely that tho actual needs of tho country for current notes, to bo exchanged in small transactions, would exceed $200,000,- 000; and certainly tho banks might retire many more of their notes of issue without any material contraction in loanable funds. The fact that this retirement is going on is tho best evidence that there is no demand for tho notes and no profit in their circulation; if there were, tho vacuum would bo filled im mediately, as tho low which authorizes the re- Uremeut likewise authorizes tho new issue, which may bo expended ad libitum under tho required security of bonds. The simple fact is that tho banks havo had an embarrassment of currency, and, after ridding themselves of a part of it, thoy still have funds to loan in excess of tho demand. Another bomoroug has returned end knock* ed u Democratic Investigating Commitloo on the head. An attempt has boon made by tho victims to keep the matter socrot, but it has leaked out. A Democratic Congressman got up a charge against Secretary Baiaxow to the effect that, while acting os United States Dis triot Attorney in Louisville, Ky., ho com* promised a case against tho firm of A. Doun «fc Manus, brewers. In obedience to tho summons, Air. Manus appeared before tho Committee on Expenditures in tho Treasury Department, and, much to the disgust of the Demoorotio inquisitors, swore that Mr. Dais tow did not compromise the case at nil, but, on the other hand, tried the case and pro* cured a conviction, the result of which was that the Arm was lined SO,OOO. With this, of course, the whole else brolio down. Tim Committee tried to Ice op it hociml. but did not nnccoocl, ami aro now sympathizing with the liunnlio Coinniiltoe. Meanwhile, it is n little remarkable that the Committees have not yet investigated the charges that Secretary Bins tow killed his grandmother on Ids mother's side and robbed hou*roost« in Kentucky dor* ing the War. The complications arising from the Herze govinian insurrection grow thicker and moro embarrassing almost daily. Tho movements of tho pawns on tho board, however, begin to lose interest in comparison with tho Gyrations of the larger pieces. Tho forth coming meeting of the three groat Powers— Austria, Germany, and Ilußsia—by tbeir rep. representatives at Berlin overshadows itio petty tights between tho Turks and tho in surgents. As it is probable that tho Em peror of Austria and tho Czar of Hur.sia will meet tho Emperor of Germany in person, tho conference evidently moatifl business, aud that business .will not bo so much tho settlement of tho trouble between Turkey aud Herzegovina as tho partition of the spoils. It is already intimated that tho formation of Bosnia and Herzegovina into a vassal State, to bo under tho protection of Austria, will bo discussed at this visit. Pro tection of this sort would bo tho protection a chicken has in tho talons of a hawk. It moans in reality the Austrianizing of these provinces, and that in turn means tho Ger manizing of Northern Austria. Meanwhile, England, having its clutches on Egypt, is reported to bo contented with anything that tho other Powers may do. A few days ago wo printed an Associated Press dispatch from Cincinnati giving tbo result of an interview with Mr. Jons 8. O. Hannisow, of Indianapolis, Government Director of tho Union Pacific tyilroad Company, in which this passage appeared; At tho September, 1873, meeting of the Board of Directors of (ho Union Pacific- Halfroad, at which I was present, tbo President of tho Board, Mr. Homes F. Claiik, called the attention of tbo Directors to a letter from tho President of tho Fort Smith & Little Rock Land-Grant Railroad Company, with reference to aotno bonds of that road held by tho Union Pacific Company, desiring to know something moro about thesu bonds. I made a motion to appoint a committee of tbreo to Investigate and report before the adjourn ment of iho Board, an to how they came into its pos kefilon and nil matters connected therewith. There upon Sir. E. 11. Rollins, the Secretary, took mo to one aide, and told mo (bat I must withdraw tho motion, for an investigation of tho bond transaction would involve James O. Blaise. Ho Maid the fall elections were near at h«nd, and Blaise was a candidate for ro-elec tion to Congress in Maine. An exposure of the (mds follon Just at that time would bo aura to defeat him. With that I withdrew tho motion. Subsequently I took J. 11. Millard, of Omanu, who was, aud still rs mains, a Government Director, n Mr. Rolliss, and, in his pres.-nc.?, asked Rolliss If 1 understood him cor rectly in relation to tbo bond tnuiaction Involving Mr. Bb'XSK. Ho repeated tint I ill i, and that an In voßt'g ition Committee, of which Jeremiah M. Wiuok was cimlrnnn, was in session and E. 11. Rolliss waa on tho etmid, I tolrgnphcd Wilson to nnU the witness certain fjnoiilom concerning tho Fort Smith A; Little Rock bonds, but, on noticing the <1 illy reports of tho Coimulttce afterward-), I saw that no such queahoas were caked. Oj tho :,d of February. 1573,1 wrote to Wilson, Chatim m of the Committee, moro fully about tho matter, relating tbo facts that I have Just stated, but I did nut momlou Blaise's name. I staled that tho truim Unn Implicated u prominent member of Iho Republican party. That letter was copied Into my regular letter-book ut Indianapolis, and can bo re ferred to ut any lime. 1 never received any answer to this letter to Wilson. Commenting on tho above, tho eight editor of Tub Triucnb coufouodod tbs uamo of tho Hon. James F. Wilson, of lowa, with that of the Hon. Jeremiah M. Wilson, of Indiana, mentioned bv Mr. Harrison. Tho careful road or, hOAover. mast have detected the error. And uow comes Mr. J. 11. Millard, of Omaha, a Government Director, who Bays to the editor of the Omaha Republican : That lie did not regard the matter of the charge aa of sufficient consequence to call for any explanation or statement from him. *• Mr. Harrison,” said be, know* no more concerning anvsmlull transactions of tho Company than I do, and there has been noth* lag In the affairs of tho Company that affects Mr. Ulainb any more than It affects you or me. I baro thoroughly examined the records of the Company tniuo with reference to this matter, and there is nothing there that directly or indirectly affects Mr. Ulaihu.” it has been frequently noticed by Washington correspondents and others that Secretary Bris tow is not strong with tho average member of Congress. There is no powerlul combination of Congressmen engaged la pushing him for Presi dent. They don't " enthuse " for him. Homo how they look cold and obscure whan his name is warmly mentioned in their presence. Tho cynical Springfield Republican undertakes to ox plain tiro phenomenon, and bits tho nail on the head tho tlrst lick, viz.: Tho reasons why Mr. Riustow is not more popular among tho Republicans la Congress U that be baa ehowu on ofi'enslveaml alarming illapoalUon to have something to Bay about apimintmoats In bla own Do jnrtmout. Tuo Dkiiiokrun cam Is In point. On tbo recommendation of leading citizens of Chicago, Mr. liniuTOvv undertook to appoint a man Revenue Collec tor at that city. Thu respectable Republican papers of Chicago agreed that it was almost an Ideal selection. But Senator Looan and tho Illinois Congressmen to whom tbu patronage ••belonged’ I 'agreed that aucb a tiespass upontbclr property was not to bo tolerated. They mado tbeir selection tor tbo vacancy, and then wont to tbo President. Recollect, tbeao wore tbo very men who bad been running tbe Clvll-Hervlco In Olilca go in tbo nourishing days of tbe Whisky Ring, and some of whose previous appointees were actually un der indictment at tbo moment for conspiracy to de fraud tbe Government. Yet tbo pressure was too strong for tbe President; Mr. Uhutow was overruled, and Mr. Louak's man was put In. This farming out of ibo appolnting-power to Con gressmen for their personal use and behoof works bad* iy in all directions. It saps tbu rasponslblllty of the Executive, In robbing tbu President nnd beads of de partments of that control over their subordinates with which tho Constitution clearly intended to vest them. It debauches the civil servants, in impressing upon them a lively senso of tbe fact tbit their first duty is to tbe patron wbo appoints them, and not to the peo ple who pay them. It is demoralizing to tbo Congress men themselves, in moro ways than one. It disturbs thobtlanco of our governmental system, corrupts our politics, results in bad ami costly service, Is necessari ly fruitful of official malfeasances, abuses and scan dals. And tbe tendency is constantly from bad to worse. What aro tbu pcuplu going to do about it 7 It is stated in tbo Oregon papeifc that tbe graves of Capt. Jack and his Modoo companions, who left that country rather suddenly one day for tho Indian hunting-grounds with halters round their nocks, caved in recently, and re sulted in tho surprising discovery that neither tho lamented Capt. Jack nor his companions, Hiiaok Nasty Jiu aud tho rest, woro there at all. There woro the holes in tho ground and eome wooden bozos, but Capt. Jack and Shack Nasty Jim had risen up aud gone, aud are now, like John Dhown’s soul, on their travels. Various ostuto theories have boon promulgated to ac count for this sudduo resurrection and failure to wait for Oauuiel, the most probable of which is that some thrifty body-snatcher nuearthod thorn, and is now cleaning and polishing them and sotting them up with springe and wires for eihibition la some traveling show, or possibly at the Centennial. It is not at all improbable that tho ghastly patriot who wanted to take what little there is left of Wash ington aud Lincoln to Philadelphia, but couldn’t got permission, has stolon Capt. Jack and Shack Nash, and is going to turn a few nickels by exhibiting them at our national show as fruits of the gallows-tree or agriool tural products from Oregon. The Young Men's Christian Asaociationa of the United States and British Provinces will hold their twenty-first annual convention at Toronto, Can., July 12-10. All Asaociationa entitled under the rales of the General Convention t j represent ation ore earnestly requested to send delegates. Gov. Rica, of Massachusetts, baa vetoed the hill legalising the marriage of Mr. Paaton to hia step-daughter, aod tba Legislature baa failed to pass it over bis veto. This makes it a necessity for Mr. Pabton to take hia carpet-bag and um brella and Mrs. Pabton ner band-box and cana ry-bird aod emigrate out of Massachusetts to some other BUte which does not hare such ab surd prohibitions to aching nurrlaia,—Nsw York* for Instance,—whore they can rusticate until a Legislature to elected in Massachusetts that will recognize or legalize their union. Thou happier days may come for these two poor tried souls. PERSONAL. Dnnlol Crow says no man ever lost $10,000,009 quicker than he did. The Cincinnati Commercial advises Mr. Pai* ton to seek consolation for hie matrimonial re* versos in writing another Ufa of Bon Butler. Mark Twain made his late dramatic success by rewriting his part, and Injecting a good deal of fuu into It. Ho should try bis hand at UamUL Lord Houghton wilt soon publish “ Mono* graphs: Social and Literary,"—a companion volume to his “ Monographs: Personal and Social.' 1 Mark Twain's nsw book, “ Tho Adventures ol Tom Sawyer,'" la ready for tho booksellers, but has boon withhold to permit a simultaneous publication in England aud tho obtaining of % copyright there. Molloro was asked tho reason why In certain countries tho King may assume tho crown at 14 years of ago and cannot marry boforo 18. “ It is,” answered Mollore, 11 because it la more diffi cult to rulo a wife than a kingdom." John McCullough and tho Emporor of Brazil had a confab about tho present itato of tho drama tinting tho roceht visit of tholotterto Ban Francisco. At tho special request of His Majesty, Mr. McCullough played “ Lear " at a matinee. Prince Bismarck once sent his portrait to Ml* Stewart, and requested that of tho merchant • prince In return. Tho latter Ignored the request for tho portrait, but sent a check for SI,OOO for tho ruliof of tho starvlog poor in one of tho dis tricts of Prussia. Tho Christian at Work wants to know whoth* or any of its readers wonld bavo beon willing to acquire Mr. Stewart's groat wealth and meet Ur responsibilities os ho met thorn. Tho opinion U expressed by tho Now York £un that people could bo found who would take the risk. Dom Pedro has lost bis aunt, tho Princess Isabella Marla Conception Jane Charlotte Goal* borta Anna Francos of Assisi Xavlora Paula d’Alcantara Antoinette Baphaola' Michaels Gabrlclla Joacblna Qoozaga. An eloquent tribute to her memory is : “Her virtues were as many as hor names." A Southern paper reports that Mr. E.T. Fitch, said to bo a son of tho Treasurer of Yale Col lege, murdered his wife at Tuakalooua, Ala., April 25. Young Fitchhad boon drinking bard for some years, and has Buffered several tiot&s from delirium tremens, but at tho time of the mar dor ho was perfectly sober. His wife was a Southern lady. Ho cut hor throat with a razor. Tho Homo correspondent of tho Now York Evening J’o/>l writes: “Tho grand-niece of riux XX. was recently married by tho civil form at Sinogaglia, tho native place of tho Pope. Tho religious ceremony was performed afterward in the Vatican. This Is accepted as proof that the Pope approves civil matrimony before the re ligious ceremony." At the annual dinner of the Now Haven Cham* her of Commerce, Donald G. Mitchell (Ik Mar vell) responded to tho toast of “Agriculture." Ho said that agriculture did not load to such offenses as Belknap's; bo folt sure that Belknap did not spring from tho plow. Thoro has boon, in bis opinion, too much worship of tho golden calf in this country. This spirit was seen in the gaping crowds at Ur. Stowart’s funeral. “ Kind deeds aud generosity, not spasmodic, but over flowing day by day, year after year, give a bet tor odor to a man's memory than tbo following after biers by oz-Govomors or gold handles to cotlins." Tho late Dr. Norman MoLood recorded in hifi diary that, having boon invited to preach before tho Court of Aborgoldlo, the Prince of Wales hogged him in advance "not to preach more than twenty minutes." Upon this tho stout Presbyterian Doan of tboMost Noble and Ancient Order of the Thistle plamply replied that the Prince and the Court had nothing bettor to do on Sunday than to hoar him preach, and he should preach as long as ho thought good for thorn. Uo did in fact preach " forty-seven min* ntos." To tho credit of tho future Emperor and King of England, ho adds that the Prince lis tened vory respectfully and thanked him after wards. Just boforo Admiral Nelson wont to so& for tho last timo, he spoke to the painter West of ids "Death of Wolfe," and asked him why he did not produce more pictures like that. "Be cause," my Lord," responded the painter, "thoro are no rooro subjects." "D—nit.'" said tho sailor, "I didn’t think of that," and askod him to takoaglaas of champagne. "But, my Lord, I fear your intrepidity will yot furnish me such another scone ; and, if It should, I shall certainly avail mysolf of it." “Will you ?" said Nelson, pouring out bumpers, and touching bis glass violently against West's, "Will you, Mr. West ? than Z hope that 1 shall die in the next battlo." Uo Bailed a few days after, and within a year West had on bis easol tho “ Death ot Nelson."! Col. Forney slops tho Brick Pomeroy story that ho and Wash McLcau and Wilkes Booth called on President Lincoln, and that tho asssa sloation camo of It. lie says : “To my knowl edge 1 never saw J. Wilkes Booth la my life. Tho only time 1 over visited Mr. Lincoln to se cure a pardon was in company with my old friond Washington UoLoan, of tho Cincinnati JJnoufr er, Bomo timo, I think, in February of 1866, to ask tho release of another old friond, Gen. Itoger A. Pryor, who was a prisoner in Fort Lafayette, New York Harbor. Sir. Lincoln hoard our state ment, and sot Gon. Pryor free on tho qualm condition that ho ebonld report at my residence, on Capitol Hill, where bo remained my welcome guest for several weeks, pntil I was authorized to return him to hla friends and family in Vir ginia." The Centennial performance of “ llamlot" by Goorgo the Count Joannes at tbo Kow York Academy of Musio Monday night attracted I crowd which has been variously estimated al Spo to 1,000. There was much merriment Id front of tbo curtain and deep agitation behind it. Tho J'otomus of tho evening had trouble with his eyebrows, and was obliged frequently to pull tbom down, whereat the ribald audience shouted *• Pull down your vest I” “Shoot the brows I" etc. The King in tho last act became frightened, and ran away before his time. He was fetched back in triumph. During the per* formanco Count Joannes was presented with two beautiful footstools from the stage-box. The Herald aaya, seriously : “ Wo cau only give the Count praiso. Ho played aa a scholar, aod, In deapUo of macU provocation, behaved blmaell as a gentleman." HOTEL AQCIVALS. palmer J!out<—W. 8. Wood, Muskegon; W. I* Wetmore, Marquette; J. 11. MoMabau, ludUnapolliJ E. Bouslor and J. Q.TOri, Paris; Senator fibarott aad daughter, Mr*. W, <J. ttiUtoo, and MUa TompkiMt Bau Fraoclico; it, L. iitlvll e, Enalaud; P. D, Ar* lUiur, Milwaukee; 0. Lamb. Cllulou, 1a.5 *• Livingston Itceso, Albany; George Crooks McGregor, 1a. ... Grand i t aafie— Ex-Gov. H. 0. Warmotb and Gen. George A. Hhcridau, New Orltaua, 11. N. Walker, Detroit httPren: Jay 0. butter, Cleveland; E. W. and Charles Ensign, buffalo; U. Kerr, Btete Line: Col. 6. Digs, Cleveland; J. i\ M*r*- don, Canada; John O. Gault and it. tiayer, Milwaukee, John W. Cary and 8. S. Merrill, Milwaukee; G. Wilkes. Loudon: Oeu. L. 0, Drum, Pennsylvania: Cob W. J« McKlnnle, Cleveland; Gov. John L. Beveridge.Spring* held; Stare-Treasurer T, 8. Rldgway, tiprlugfield: vr. 11. Damsel, Mansfield, 0.5 Henry Curtis, Roe* Uland; Judge W, T, uopklns, Morris, XU.» James 11. Howe, Konotba..,. JVvtnonl Botor—vf. B» Llusley, Eacanaba; the Bon. W. H, 0. 'Vheder, Quincy; the lion. J. P. Adams, Sandwich! C»pL R* D. Appleton, London; OoL J. Cummings, New iora, P. D. Doake. Hock Island; the Uoo. J. P. Kidder, Dakota; tba Hon. W. B. Uaydcn, Oolumbua; William B. Payne. Virginia; J. J. Bicbardaoo, Daviu port (U.) Uaullt; CoL 0. U. Baker _ and Gen. li. D, Graham, Davenport; Ibe Uou. BMptt Plumb. Hirealor.. ..Sherman * //ouae—l* Plunder, Port Dodge: Col. O.D. Bales, Boston; tbo Hon. IL E. J. Boardmen, Uaraballtown; Dr. a. R. deu, JUdue; tne Uou. L. E. Paysou, Poollao; P. w. Cummings. Baltimore; Thomas Robinson, Manito woc ; Cot it, O. Laraaon, Mew York; J. H- Wagarr, Kalamasoo....Cardivr i/ouis—N. 0, Ulnadals. New York; Mrs. Roacoe Carter, Logans port; Up. C.U Parkbrast, Battle Croak; G. A. boaTsrns and UOw* Bet Springs, Ark,

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