Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 5, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 5, 1876 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. ntw or fltrnscTumoN (patablb nr advance) Poalage Prepaid at this Office. Daily Edition, postpaid. 1 7« r .......913.00 Par la of year si ums rats. Mailed tssnrsddmsronawßsaafDr.......... 1.00 Sunday KdlUom Literary and Uellgloua Double n f%n U.oO Sparta of yaar it urns rut*. WCHLT KDITION, VOITPUD. On*copy, per year SLfIQ Club of flvo.per copy l , Vv Olnbef twenty, pereopy..,., i«io The pottage ia 10 oenta a rear, wblen we will prepay. Special** eeploe teal free. To prevent deity and mistakes, bs taro tad d»* I'oit- OlSee addreaa In fall, Inolodln* BUU and County. Remittance* may be wade either by draft, etpreta, Poat-Office order, er la reclaterad tetter*, at our rlak. VZnMI TO CITT SOBBCRtOCIin. Deity, dellrorod, Sunday eaeepled, 20 cent* per week, Daily, dellrorod, Sunday Included. 30 cent* per week. Addreaa Till* THIRUKB COMPANY, Oornor Madlaon and Dearborns!*.. Chicago 111. AMUSEMENTS. HEW CHICAGO THEATRE—CIark (treat, balwoen Randolph and Lake. lioolcy'a Minstrel*. ADEU’ITI THEATRE—Monroe street, corner Dear* bora. Variety entertainment. HOOLErs THEATRE—Randolph itreet, between Clark and LaSalle. Etiqagooient of SaUbury'a Trou badour*. “ Patchwork.” MoVICKER’S THEATRE—MadIaon street, between Dearborn and Slate. "Much Ado About Nothing.” EXPOSITION BUILDING—Lake Shore, foot of Adama aired, Concert by Olliuoro’* Band, MCCORMICK HALL—North Clark a tract, corner •Klatle, Concert by liana Von Balov. SOCIETY MEETINGS. WASHINGTON CHAPTER, No. 43, R. A. M.—Reg ular Convocation tbla (Friday) evening, at 7:30 o’clock. Every member requested to be preient, an business of great Importance will come before the Chapter. By wrdor of the M. E. H. P. CHAS. B. WRIGHT, 800. ORIENTAL LODGE, No. 33, A., P„ and A. M., Hall 13J Laß&Uc-4t. —Staled Communication Ihta (Friday) •venlng. at 7r«o o'clock abort), for business wad work u tbo F, 0. Deetce. By order of tbe Master. £. N. TUCKER, Bm. D. A. OABQMAN LODGE, No. 6SB, A., T*, and A. V.—A Special Communication will bo hold at tbelr hall, K. W. earner West Madlion and Ilobey-ita., tills (Friday) evening, at 8 o’clock. Work on E. A. Degree. VltUlsa brethren cordially welcomed. U. O. TUOMPSON, W. M. LAKESIDE.—A Special Communication of Lakoilde Lodge, U. D., A., F„ and A. XL, for work on the M. M. Degree, will be hold at 8 o'clock thla (Friday) even ing. vlaltlng brethren cordially invited. GEO. HOWISON, W.M. F. W. CROFT, Sec. Ufa Ufait&o Srikm*. Friday Morning, May 6, 1870. Greenbacks yesterday at tho Now York Gold Exchange were quoted at 88^@88g. The Weather Bureau predicts that the temperature in this region to-day will under go Uttlo change. Tho shortest road to relief of tho fraction al currency stringency is by woy of tho Com mittee on Ways nnd Means, whose reports can be called up at any timo, whilo tbo re. port of tho Banking and Currency Committee must await its regular order. Appreciating this fact, Mr. Blaine yesterday offered a res olution, and it was adopted, calling upon tho Ways and Means Committee for tho imme diate recommendation of a plan to remedy tho existing scarcity of small change. By (Iris method it is possible to secure tho neces sary legislation without delay. Tho ability or tbo inclination of the Cbi eago Hoard of Trado to enforce Us rules m relation to tbo discouragement and discoun tenance of comers' and gambling contracts would soem to be os yot a matter of some doubt. A caso involving tbe validity of the roles in this regard, nnd incidentally raising tho question, of regularity in connection with the action of tbe Committee on Appeals and the Directors of tho Board, has been sub mitted for judicial settlement, suit being brought to recover an amount paid under protest in adjusting the difference on a con tract for future delivery. Tho name of Internal Rovcnuo Supervisor Hedrick, who developed a decided financial talent in tho manipulation of post-tradcr ships, also figures conspicuously in tbe trial of ex-Ald. Jonas, of Chicago, now in progress at Milwaukee. A letter was placed in evidence in which “II." is referred to as having engaged to furnish the indicted whiaky-thieves with an abstract of tho evi dence and tho names of witnesses to be nsed against them; in fact, to completely “give away" tho Government in thoso coses. A witness testified that the “ H." in question was none other than Supervisor Hedrick. Tho great railroad lines running East bavo begun to quarrol among themselves again, and tho result is and will bo a great saving in money to tho traveling public. Tho Grand Trunk has reduced its faro from Chi cago to Boston to $lO, and it is thought that to-day tho Erie, Pennsylvania, Now York Central, and Baltimore & Ohio will fix fares from Now York to Chicago at sl2. Tho feeling between (he head men of these groat corporations is very acrimonious, and tho “ war" thus to be commenced gives promise of a length of duration and o recklessness of competition which has not before been wit nessed. . So far, tho President. has resisted the strong personal appeals made in behalf of Mr. William McKee, now under sentence os a member of tho St. Louis Whisky Ring. Ho has positively declined to exercise Executive clemency or to interfere In any manner in this cose; but monster petitions aro to bo pre sented, influential men have united in writ* Ing letters, and McKee himself will be in Washington to-day and in person Invoke tho Presidential mercy. It will bo a severe strain upon tbo firmness of tho President, but bo is famous lor holding to a purpose once delib erately formed, and may provo superior to the tremendous pressure brought to bear in the interest of McKee. The scandal-mill of the Committee on Ex penditures in the Navy Department was again set in motion yesterday, but with meagre and unsatisfactory results. The Committee listened to tho testimony of Benjamin H. Oozxvzb, a professional lobbyist, who was expected to moke important disclosures con cerning tho influences and means exerted to secure tbe appointment of Jat Cooke, Mc- Culloch & Co. os fiscal agents of tho Navy Department. It turned out that Chester know absolutely nothing except by hearsay, and this of tho most doubtful character, as his informant has been dead for several years. Buch testimony would bo ruled out at tbe be ginning by any court, and even the Demo cratic mnd-slingera have tbo grace to admit (bat “there’s nothing in it.” The Chicago produce markets were steadier fosterday and generally stronger, with more activity In pork, lard, and freights, and less lolng in grain. Moss pork advanced 4U(g>lso per brl, closing at at $20.00®2CM)5 for Hay md S2LO6 for Jvm. Lard advanced gee per 100 lbs, closing at $12.40®12.45 cash and $12.50®12.6r» for June. Moats wera Jo per lb higher, at 7jo for boxod shoulders, lljo for do short ribs, and 11 Jo for do short clean. Lake freights wore Armor, at fli|@4ofor wheat to Buffalo. Ilighwinca waro steady, at $1.07 per gallon. Flour was unchanged. Wheat closed. l@ljc higher, at 07jo for May*Rndo9jo for June. Corn advanced flGPjc, cloaing at 450 cash and 4Cjo for July. Oats were J@3o higher, closing at flOo for May and 80}c for June. Ilye was dull at 61jc. Barley was le higher, cloaing at G3)c for May. There was an active demand for hogs, and tho market wos firm at Tuesday's prices,—sales chiefly at $7.00@7.10. Cattle wore active and a shade higher. Sheep were dull at $4.50® 0.25. Ono hundred dollars in gold would boy $112.75 in greenbacks at the close. It is now confidently calculated that the new Common Council will have a strong working majority firmly committed to the immediate ousting of the usurper who now exercises the functions of the Mayoralty. A well-attended meeting of Aldermen identified with tho antl-OoLViK in cumbent was held yesterday for tho purpose of consultation as to the best method of procedure, and it is under stood that the majority of tho Council will bo thoroughly prepared to toko prompt and decisive action next Monday evening. If CoXiTtH is wise he will simplify matters by failing to put inan appearance, and by making no attempt to hinder tho complete execution of the verdict of tho people os expressed through tho ballot-box. The message of President Grant, sent to the House yesterday in response to a resolu tion of inquiry ns to tbo time passed by tho Executive outside of Washington, was a well deserved nnd fitting rebuke to tho partisan spite and impertinence which prompted the resolution of inquiry. Divested of its diplo matic and dignified habiliments, and stripped down to the plain vernacular, tho message moans:' “ It's none of your business, and you were guilty of gross impudence in making tho inquiry." Mach has been said about the frequent absence of President Grant from the scat of Government, and he has thought proper to furnish some interesting informa tion concerning tho customs and habits of his predecessors in tho matter, showing that his Administration will compare favorably with those of all tho earlier Presidents respect ing tbe average time of absence from the National Capital. Tbe Centennial Commission yesterday de cided to toko no action in regard to the sale of beer and wiuo on tho Exposition grounds, and, therefore, not to disturb the privileges already sold by tbe Financo Board. If the temperance bigots want the old statute en forced which prohibits tbe solo of liquors in Fairmonnt Pork thoy are at liberty to in stitute proceedings against the proprietors of hotels and refreshment stands, but the lagor and tho wine will bo dispensed at convenient places just tho same. Tbo action of tho Commission in refusing to prohibit the sale of harmless beverages is in tho highest dogreo sensible and prudent. A contrary courso would have been productive of groat loss to the Exhibition, and a vast amount of needless aggravation and incon venience to its patrons, and all this without In tho least diminishing tho consumption of beer and wine, which would bo sought for with all tbe moro avidity elsewhere on account of the deprivation on the Centennial promises. THE MAYOR’S ELECTION, Thoopinion of City-Attorney Jamieson fur nished to the Oity Council a fow days ago substantially assumed that thoro had never bean a vacancy in tho office of Mayor since Colvin's election in December, 1873. At tbnt time ho was elected for two years, and Mr. Jamoson was elected Attorney for two years, each to servo until their successors wore elected and qualified. When did these officers obtain authority to hold their respect ive offices after tho expiration of tho terms for which they wore elected ? Tho Logisla ture could not give them such authority, bcoanso tho Constitution expressly prohibits any enactment extending tho term for which they were elected. Assuming that tho term for which these officers were elected expired inDccomber, 1875, their continuance in office after that date was “ until their successors wero elected and qualified.’' Bat that there was a vacancy in such office from that date no ono can question or dispute. Thero is, however, another view os to the time the vacancy occurred in the office of Mayor and Oity Attorney, The charter of 1873, adopted in April, and declared in force May 1, 1675, became the supreme law for tho government of Ohicago from the latter date. That charter abolished nil previously existing offices and created others. When tho now charter was adopted it wont into operation as exclusively as if there had been no previous charter in force in this city. The charter created now offices of Mayor, Treasurer, and Attorney; it did not continue one of tho old ones. It created those now offices, and of course this sponged oat of legal existence the previous offices of Mayor, Attorney, and Treasurer, and so much of the terms ol those offices as wore unexpired was summarily abolished. Tho charter, however, provided that tho persons then in office should continue, not as Mayor, Attorney, or Treasurer, because such n provision of law would bo a legislative appointment to office, wbich is prohibited by tho Constitution, but should continue to “ exercise tho powers" of the officers who wero to be elected to fill the offices ere* ated by tho charter. Thu charter continued no man in office; it vacated them all from tho moment it was adopted. The men then in office wero authorized to execute tbo duties of tho now offices until tho people should, at a regular special election, fill them. They wore in the exact position officially of offi* cera whoso terms had expired, and who con tinned to perform tho duties until their successors should bo elected and qualify. But tho vacancy existed, and by direct opera* tion of law from the hour the new charter went into operation. Tho talk about Colvin's term being ex. tended by law until 1877 is simply absurd. He never began an official term of Mayor un« der the new charter, and bis term under tho old oharler was terminated when the new charter went into operation. Thero never was a Mayor elected or appointed under the new charter; tho office has never been filled; tho vacancy has been continuous, Colvin ex* excising tho powers of tho Mayor to bo elect* ed until such officer should be elected. Whether the vacancy in this office might have been filled by special election or not during the interval since the lost of April, 1875, is not now material; the Oity Council refused to call such special election, and the office remained vacant. Waa it in the power THE CHICAGO. TRIBUNE: FRIDAY. MAY 5, 1876. .of the lawful voters at tho first general elec tion of city officers, on the day fixed by law for such election, to meet at tho polls and elect a citizen to fill the office of Mayor, which office had never boon filled under the char ter? The attorneys for tbo usurpation doctrine maintain that, as tho vacancy occurred more than a year before the expiration of the term of the Mayor to be elected, it must be filled by special election, and that no special elec tion is logoi unless there be duo notice given thereof, oto. Tho Supreme Court of this State has held that “ elections fixed by lav ot a certain time and place may bo legally holdon, although notice Ims not boon published or given, but if the timobo not de fined by statute, and it is to bo fixed by no tice, tho notice nftuirod is imperative.” This decision however, did not relate to the case of an election by tho people to fill an office notoriously vacant. It was with reference to a special election held not to elect officers, but to determine some question submitted to the people. There is a whole scries of decisions in cases whore tbo ques tion submitted was of voting subscriptions to railroad stock, of moving county seats, of voting the issue of water bonds, and special questions of that character. In all such elec tions there can bo no gonckul time fixed. They hoppen rarely and at long intervals, and notice of time and place of election is an essential fact Bat the charter of Chica go declares thot cn tbo third Tuesday of April of each year there shall bo a general election for city officers. What officers ? For all city officers whose terms have expired, and to fill all offices then vacant whoso temporary incumbents are serving until the vacancies shall bo filled by pop ular election. The election on tbo third Tuesday of April, 1870, was a “general election for city officers”; there being no Mayor then in office, the office never having been filled except temporarily until tbo next election, what was there to make the election of a Mayor at that time an exception to the well-established rule that all general elections hold on tho general day fixed by law for an office then vacant shall not bo rendered illegal or void because there was a failure to give the notico prescribed by tho statute ? Tbs new City Connell will, of necessity, canvass tho returns of tho recent election for Mayor, and declare tho result; and Mr. Hotkb will take tho oath of office, and bo recognized by tbo Common Council; and if Air. Colvin, in his insnno contempt for pub lic opinion, shall persist in his usurpation, and employ force to reverse tho declared will of tbe peoplo, h» mast expect to take tho consequences. REMINISCENCES OF RARE RAYS. Wo hopo Mr. Spbinoeb, of Southern Illi nois, and tho New York World aro now sat* isfied. Their unseemly partisanship, as con scioncelcss as it was zealous, betrayed them into giving Senator Morton an admirable and entirely proper opportunity for restating tho obstacles ho encountered from tho Demo emtio party in tho prosecution of Indiana's share in putting down tbo Rebellion. That the statement is a powerful ono Is sufficiently evidenced by tho fact that Mr. Morton modo it. So far os the account of moneys are con cerned, ho has put it briefly, plainly, and comprehensibly. The charge having been investigated by tho Democrats in his own State, who wero unable to report even a sus picion of corruption, Mr. Morton was ablo promptly to present tho exact figures and uses of tho $250,000 which ho received as Governor of Indiana from tho General Gov ernment, nnd which, with tho aid of liberal contributions from tho loyal people of his own Slate, enabled him to equip tbo Indiana troops, and put them in tho fiold and koop down tho Rebels nt homo, in spite of tho refusal of tho Democratic Legis lature end Stato officers to give him tho proper appropriation in tho proper way. It is as well, perhaps, that alt this should bo recalled at tho present timo, when tho Con federate element in Congress is assorting itself in so offensive a manner, especially since it naturally comes up at tho instance of tho Democrats, who nro seeking to find cor ruption in every case of distinguished loyalty and eminent services during the War. Mr. Morton’s statement should bo supple mented by an explanation of tho circum stances which at that time placed tho Demo crats in a position to worry him and jeopard ize his usefulness as Governor of Indiana, as they did also with Gov. Yates, of Illinois. Tho Rebel clement in tho Northern Democ racy hud assorted itself in this State as well as in Lidlano. Thoy hod gained a temporary superiority of numbers aud assumed a bold and defiant attitude on account of a series of events unfavorable to tho Union causo. Prior to the Stato elections of 18G2 tho Union arms hail suffered severe reverses under McClel lan and Pope in tho East, and hod necessi tated the call for 000,000 moro mou for threo years. Tho response for this call camo main ly from the Republicans, and, while it filled tho ranks of tho Union army with bravo and loyal men, It decimated tho ranks of tho Re publican party at homo, and enabled tho Democrats in Indiana and Illinois, as well as in several other States, to cleat the Legisla tures. To show tho difference which this call for troops mado in tho relative strength of the two parties, it is onfy necessary to re fer to tho vote of those States in 1800 and 1862. In 1860 Lincoln's majority in Indi ana over Douglas was 23,521; yet in 1862 the Democrats carried tho Stato by 0,543. So in Illinois, Lincoln’s majority over Doug las was 12,000 in 1860, and iff 1804 Uio Domo oratselcctcdthoStato ticket and both branches of tho Legislature by a majority of 10,410. An ovldenco that this change had boon brought about by tbo response to tho President's call for three-years troops is found in tho fact that tbo Republican voto in Illinois fell off from 172,000 in 1600 to 120,000 in 1862, ami in Indiana from 139,000 in 1800 to 118,000 in 1802, while tbo Democratic vote in Illinois in 1802 was os largo as, and in Indiana larger than, the Demo cratic voto of 1800. In many of thoothor States the Union party saved itself from a similar result by calling special sessions of tho Leg islature and passing laws enabling the sol diers to vote in the field. Illinois and In diana wore inhibited from adopting this pol icy by tho peculiar wording of their Consti tutions, and it was not till 1804, when tiecro lary Stanton furloughed scores of regiments from these States to come home aud voto, that they were redeemed from tho taint of disloyalty and tbe clutch of Copporheadism, and it was then that the disloyal Democracy of Illinois received a blow from which it has never recovered. Senator Modtoh has shown how seriously ho was embarrassed by the organization of the Democrats Into treasonable secret socie ties known ns the "Sons of Liberty," and by the effort of the Deuooratlo Legislature to divest the Governor of all his constitu- tional powers and confer them upon Demo cratic State officers, who wore subsequently shown to bo in league with tho traitors at home and the llebols beyond the lines. Tho exposure of these schemes in Indiana forms one of tho most conspicuous episodes in the history of tho War. Got. Yates, in this State, was confronted with almost ns mncli Confederate opposition. Tho Itobol majority in tho Legislature proposed all sorts of schemes in the interest of the Confederacy, —among others a truco and the intrusting of a general settlement of the War issue into tho hands of a Commission. Tho Unionists only defeated their machinations by persist ent resistance and procrastination until tho legal termination of tho Legislature had been reached, when, in tho inability of tho two Houses to agree upon an adjournment, Gov. Yates issued a proclamation dispersing tho Legislature. Tho Senate acknowledged his authority, as did tho Republican members of tho House, leaving tho latter without a quorum. Tho authority of Gov, Yates was afterwards questioned in a suit brought be fore the Supreme Court of tho Slate; but that tribunal held that, tho Lcgislotnro hav ing dispersed in compliance with tho procla mation, it wos useless to pass a judicial opin ion on tho competency of tho Governor’s act. Those wore dark days in tho history of tho Republic, whoa the “fire in the roar" was more formidable tbon tho Confederate guns at tho front, and had. it not bcon for tho steadfast loyalty of such State Governors os Mobtoh, Dnooon, Moscjan, Cubtim, and Yates, tho Union cause would have boon jeopardized beyond todomption, as it was seriously threatened. As Mr. Buttomnt Williams, tho Democratic candidate for Governor of Indiana, very wisely counsels, it will bo bettor for tho Democratic party not to rovivo tho recollections of those days if thoy can help it, as thoy can only damage their prospects for tho future. Tbo disgrace which attaches to tho Democratic party from that time may be todtly ignored, but it can never be expunged, and the Democrats should bo content with all the silence and obscurity which thoir opponents have boon willing to give it. CENTENNIAL FOLLY. The decision of tho Bonrd of Centennial Commissioners to close tho International buildings and grounds on Sundays is a grave mistake. It is full of disaster to tho success of tho exhibition, although it may bo in perfect consonance with puritanical bigotry and folly. It is beyond this an act of flagrant injustice to thousands of people. It is an act of rank discourtesy to Europeans and to Europcan-bom residents of this country, to invite them to this exhibition and then shut -its doors in their faces ono day in tho week, without the grace to remit their expenses for that day. Thoy thereby compel thousands of pooplo to remain idlo ono day, with noth ing to do and no place to go, and tho privilege of paying ton dollars or moro for thoir day’s idleness. It is still moro on act of discourtesy that, after inviting Europeans hero, an attempt should bo mado to forco an observance of Sabbatarian notions upon people who are not Sabbatarians. Viewed in its most favorable aspects, it is a narrow-minded, bigoted, and puritanical aot, and shows that tho managers of tho Centennial aro no farther advanced than tho Puritans wore 200 years ago. Bat if Philadelphia proposes to enforce a Sunday law in this respect, why not in all 7 If it is a breakage of tho Sunday to visit tho Cen tennial buildings and look at pictures, machinery, and other objects, is it not wrong also for hotels to do extra work at extortion ate prices, for street cars to run, for railroads and telegraph offices to transact business, for private conveyances to bo need, for bar bers to shave, for soda fountains to sizzle 7 Where does tho distinction come in ? After thoy bavo shut out tho people from their show on Sundays, what are thoy going to do with them ? Thoy can’t coop them up in tho churches, because there isn’t room for them, and, oven if thoro wore, thoro aro thousands of pcoplo who don’t care to pay on extortionate price for tho privilege of going to a Philadelphia church on a blazing summer’s day. Thoy will go thoro to see the exhibition, not to go to church, and thoy will find themselves cheated oat of just one-seventh of thoir time, aud not only cheated out of thoir time, but compelled to pay an outrageous price for tho privilege of being cheated, —all of which will tend to give foreigners a most exalted opinion of our maoh-vauntod liberty and equality, as well ns of our consistency, when thoy find that la every large city in tho coun try, parks, libraries, art-galleries, museums, theatres, concert-rooms, aud almost every other form of amusement and entertainment, are thrown open to the public on Sunday, while tho International Exhibition olono is closed, and thereby ceases to v bo intomo tional and becomes a puritanical show, reg ulated by Blue Laws. There is another serious feature to be con* sidorod in this matter. The closing of the exhibition on the first day of the week virtn ally excludes the working class of people, who are the ones to bo most benefited by such an exhibition. Sunday is the only day upon which tons of thousands of them cun go, because they are engaged in earning their broad by hard labor ovary other day in tho week. As a Philadelphia paper remarks: Them would have boon mom visitors on Sunday than any oilier day, and three-fourths of than) from tho working classes. Sunday trains would bare run from Mew York and Baltimore, bringing multitudes from these elites and the Intermediate town* and vll 'logos; so ills quite aafe to calculate that tna action of the managers will prevent two or three million paoplo from availing themselves of an opportunity for enter tainment and Inatrnctlon such as they hare never had before, and never will have again. Again, as if determined to place overy possible obstacle in the way of the success of the Exposition, some of the mono, gora have dog up * a park ordinance that was obsolete years ego, forbidding the sale of wine, beer, or other liquors in Fair* mount Park, and have attempted to enforce it, and thus to out off thousands of people who will swelter through Philadelphia heat this summer, which is worse than any other heat, from any beverage except the impure water of the Schuylkill, which Is surface water bo* fouled with drainage and sewage, and this is the form of entertainment to which French* men, Gormans, the English, and other Europeans, are invited! The effect of the one measure is to compel people to pay from ten to twonty-fivo dollars for the privilege of listening to a dull Philadelphia ser mon on a hot Sunday, or pay the some ; pries for loafing about hotels and try ing to kill time. The effect of the other Is to drive people into the city saloons and force thorn to pay three or four prices for villain ous decoctions. If the managers of the Big Show oro going to enforce puritanical ideas, why are they not consistent ? Why do they not carry out the Bine. Laws to the limits, compel every man, woman, and child to go to church, imprison ovory parson who is not In bed at 9 p. m. f pillory every young man found speaking to a young woman, and bang a few old women as on illustration of tho freedom and equality of this “great and gelorious kodntry." Between tho puritan ism of the managers and the rapacity of the pooplo of Philadelphia, it will bo Hlty) won der if the Centennial does not provo ib bo a miserable failure. Tho Philadelphia JUm very clearly foreshadows this in tho follow ing announcement: Tbo end la nol yet. To-day Is the 39th of April, and the KipoMUou cannot by any earthly poealbtUty open on May 10. Tbo bulldlnga are not ready; everything Is In confnsKm, and It would take a miracle to arrange things In time. It cannot be done. If (blogs are In order by tbo end of May wa shall be surprined. It baa bcon owing to uo superior management that the build ings hero been advanced as fur as they are, but mere ly because tbo winter baa bcou extraordinarily mild and favorable. Wo have every right to fear that, with the admission M cents and uo season tickets, and with tbo buildings closed on Sunday, the Exposition will be Unless tbo managers change their policy of bigotry and folly, it.ought to bo a . REFORM WITHIN THE PARTY. There has been no more significant pro test against the machine politicinnn and their tactics tbau that embodied in tbo declaration of tho Republican Reform Club of Now York. Tho Club was organized lost Tuesday even ing by five hundred of tbo leading Republic ans of tho city, including William E. Dodoh, Lloyd Aspixwall, A. A. Low, Joun Jacob Aston,,tho Rev. Dr. Bellows, William 11. Quion, David Dows, J. D. VsnuiLYß, and oilier woU-kaowu representative men, not simply to give voice to tbo unanimous honest sentiment of tho party against tho machine, but to take active {measures to defeat tho machinations of tho macliinc-mon, who plot the capture of tho party. Thoy neither propose the formation of a now party nor tho abandonment of the Rc r publican party to self-appointed loaders who make a trade of politics nud manage tho cau cus. Their purpose is to maintain and strengthen it, not os a machine for tho cap ture of spoils, but as the solo hopeful means for securing an honest, efficient Administra tion, truly representative of tho will of tho great body of Republican voters, Thoy recognize that tho peril menacing tbo party and tbo country is tho insidious corrupting machine influence, in all respects identical with that which long ago destroyed all possi bility of good in tho Democratic party, and left it but a putrid rcminisccnco that must needs bo buried out of sight that it may no longer poison the political atmosphere. Precisely such fate is it that tho machine politicion would fetch upon tho Republican party; and upon tho first manifestation of the machine-programme these Now York Republicans, prompted by tbo purpose which inspires tho entire rank and file of tho party, have spoken out in phrase that cannot bo mistaken. Thoy declare that tho timo has come when tho interests of officeholders and office-seekers should bo ignored; that ihopub lio is sickened “ with tho spectacle of betray ed trusts and corruption in office, of high places sought and hold solely for private gain, or as a means to advance private interests," and “with a class who trade in politics and manage tho machinery of parties solely in tbo interest of office-holders or office-seekers." Thoy recall that “in tho early days of our national life office was accepted by those whom tho people sought, and was adminis* tored with scrupulous fidelity in tho interest pJono of those who imposed tbo trust; that men conspicuous for thoir wisdom and virtue were placed in charge of public affairs, and tho desires of tho people for good government wore unobstructed, and their host sentiment had fair expression through legislation." A return to that system is what thoy de mand in place of tho programme which tho machinc-mcn would foist upon tho Republic an party *, and in that demand thoy will bo seconded by the moral sentiment of tho whole party and of tho whole country. Thoy enlist for no roan, bat demand a candidate who in and of himself will bo a “ guarantee of official integrity"; who shall bo “not a mere political partisan, but a statesman of tried character, in sympathy with tho best senti ments of the people on. all public questions, conversant with the affairs of Government, discriminating and independent in tho choice of public servants, ono who will thor oughly reform tho public service." Though ho is nob named, it is impossible to mistake that thoy intend tho only man who auwors that description, Boistow. That will bo so recognized by tho wholo country, and tho declaration of tho Now York Repub lican Reform Club but gives expression to tho common Republican sentiment through out tho laud, protesting against tho ma chine, and demanding that that protest bo mado effective by tbo nomination at Cincin nati of Übistow, whoso exposure aud punish ment of machine-corruption has not only brought upon him tho relentless hostility of tho machine-men, but has demonstrated that he is the man wanted at this juncture to com* ploto tho demolition of tho machine. BTOOK-JOBBEBY IN ENGLAND. Tho late panic on tho Loudon Stock-Ex change, while it docs not seem to have per* ccptibly affected tho Street, swept away millions of pounds of tho capital of privoto investors, and has directed tho attention of tho British press to tho liability of millions moro of private capital to bo swept away in the hko fashion. As England, with her great money-making industries and commerce, has gone on adding every year to her immense accumulated capital, corresponding low rates of interest have ruled, and tho temptation to 6<fok all sorts of investments that promised moro than 3 per cent per annum has been multiplied. Meanwhile nil thopouniless Gov ernments and minor powers with no avail* ablo assets have stood ready to promise to pay from 7 to 10 per cent, with discounts allowed, fetching it from 2 to 8 per cent higher, and have so regularly and systemat ically relieved tho English of their surplus capital, leaving small prospect of its over being repaid. Tho heavy capitalists, after severe experiences in suuh investments, have come to learn that 3 per cent, with payment guaranteed, is infinitely preferable to uncer* tain promises of from 7to 10 per cent. But to tho thousands of English people possessed of small fortunes, say from £2,000 to £IO,OOO, the prospect of doubling their incomes by an investment that will double tbo interest upon their capital is almost irresistible. Tho Spectator, one of tho moat thought ful and well-informed English jour* nals, which has been investigating tho matter, find that these invest without any real knowledge of tho value of the se* curitics taken, or as to the resources of tho Governments by which they wore issued, sim* ply on the recommendation of their brokers.. Thus it is that the London market is flooded with the Argentine loans, Egyptian loans, Khedive’s loans, Turkish and South Ameri can loans. What makes it worss Is that tbs very igno< ranee of the investors renders them especially liable to panics, and the easy victims of the experienced operators of tho Exchange. The Spectator discloses that the recent panic in these shares, held chiolly by small inventors, was precipitated and aggravated by n dishon est bear movement, tho result of which was to min thousands of families and enrich o few heavy operators. The following figures show Low complete and ruinous was the de cline In a single fortnight: Price on Price on Blocks. I’ob.w. April I’J. Argentines, 1888,,., H'i CO Argentines, 1871 78 48 Argentines, 187 a At lit lUaxOiaua.. Ul 81l Ihienoa Ayres,.,; 79 ' f/j KRjrptinun, IBU2 71tf <1 Ksyiithns, 18C4... 80 All Ktfyptliina, IHCB Cltf 4'J Kujptlans, Vice. Loan 77 to ldcji>llan«, Khedive (iJ IM Idutre-1UuH...., ,l(;oV Ul Peru,lß7o h,» 18V Peru, IBia *J'J Itt Turkish. 1834 Ct UO Turkish, 1838 ailtf 18 Turkish, 183‘J a.3>f 17 Turkish, 1803 20 l.l«tf Turkish, 1809 24 IRIJ Uruguay 28 18 The loss, whioh amounted to millions, foil not upon stock-gamblers, but upon <jniot in vestors 80 fearful, of nothing ns of stock gambling, and tho profits were bagged by tho gamblers. How much tho decline was duo to tho intrinsic doubtful valno of the securi ties, and how much to tho bear movement, it is difficult it this distance to determine. But tho ofTcct has been to frighten investors away from the Stock Exchange, and to weaken the publlo confidence in nil securities except coo. sols. And yet so enormous is tho accumu- Intod capital of tho country that the Specta tor predicts tho gudgeons will bite again, and says s The public can do nothing, for It cannot, as a body, tho knowledge which would make Investment lu such Blocks moderately safe, and onnnot conquer tho temptation to make small amounts of money yield a perceptible dividend. It Is all to talk about . greediness, but a widow with X2,oott cannot live upon jCf& a year and can lire on Xl4O, auQkhe buys prom ises of 7 per cent an she would go Into a business. That is the root of the ability of tho distrusted States to raise money, aud it la Incurable except by their bank ruptcy, and not always curable by that. There Is no cure for the roadlueos of people to buy the bonds of rascally States, any more than there la a cure for their readiness to Invest In swindling companies, and they must Just loeo tbolr money. In n cursory oljpsion to tho apparent diffi culty which tho United States authorities are having to find just claimants for tho ontiro amount of damages allowed by the Genova award, tho Loudon Tima cays ingenuously that ..“no ono seems to have suggested tho simple plan of repaying it into our [». e., the British] exchequer.” This would bo, as a matter of fact, tho fairest way of disposing of ony surplus after a full and equitable dis tribution of tho funds among Ml good claim ants. It would bo much better than to allow it to the insurance companies, which dis counted tho risks they took by the exorbitant premiums they demanded. It might bo said that any residue after tho payment of individual claim ants should bo turned into tho United States Treasury in partial compensa tion for tho damages tho Government re ceived from tho aid given by Groat Britain to tho privateers, if it woro not that tho doc trine of consequential damages was fully con sidered by tho Geneva Court of Arbitration, and decided adversely. Tho United States is bound by tho vordiofc.of that Court as well as Great Britain. Tho return of any surplus to Great Britain would also do much to allay tho bod feeling which tho award loft among cer tain classes in England; but wo very much fear that tho rapacity of tho Great American Claimant will scarcely permit the establish ment of a precedent whereby any fund for distribution shall havo anything left and un distributed. Tho Now York Herald has made on intima tion of great significance to tho effect that the British refusal to surrender Winslow without an assurance fronulhia Government that ho shall not bo tried except on the chargo for which ho*was demanded, is sug gested by tho selfish purpose of establishing a precedent to cover tho case of Lawrence and protect certain persons of high standing both in England and America whom Law hence is sold to bo able to implicate in smug gling. Lawrence was surrendered to this Government some time since to bo tried on a chargo of forgery. Since his surrender it is said that n discovery has been made of his connection with oxtendvo smuggling opera tions, by means of which tho United States Government has boon defrauded of several millions of dollars. If this is true, there is scarcely auy doubt that ho was in tho employ of merchants, on both sides of the water, of great wealth and prominonco. It is cited in confirmation of this story that tho pressure for tho English statute of 1870 is very sudden in view of tho fact that it has been ignored for six years, and now, all at once, there is so persistent a demand for Us recognition that England is willing to have tho extradition tronty abolished rather than forogo this con dition. If there is any good foundation for tho story, it ought to bo investigated and the exact truth ascertained. Tho experiences of Barney Caulfield and his Committee with little Johnny Davenpobt have corns to bo tho funny feature of Wash ington nows. Liko the Irishman'll flea, Bab nky puts his finger on Johnny, os ho supposes, only to find that Johnny Is not there. On Wednesday Caulfield had a brief season with him, trying to make him answer to suit tho Democrats, but ho don't scorn to answer that Way. His replies invariably tend to ex pose Democratic frauds and corruptions. Alter badgering him, browbeating him, and turning him insido out, tho Committee Anal ly got tirod of him and turned him over to another day, as it has boon doing for sovoral days past. It is a little remarkable that some of tho Democratic managers do not see that tho investigation has drifted far away from its original hearings, and come to tho relief of Caulfield by stopping Davenport’s in vestigations of Democratic rascalities. It would bo kindness to animals, if nothing olso, to rescue Caulfield and his Committee from little Johnny's clutches. There need be little surprise if shortly there he a tremendous crash in the Bonanza stocks thst will flatten out matters oo the PacllSo Coast more completely than did the collapse of the Bank of California. On the let of April, the shares which had been multiplied ten times by the watering process were quoted at 933. On the last easiness day of the month they had fallen to 472,—a decline of nearly 20 percent, representing a shrinkage of millions. It is, of course, Impossible at tide distance to get at a knowledge of the true inwardness of the oper ations, but It is significant that the last issue of the Ban Francisco Stock Jteporler contains a column interview with James O. Flood, the chief of the Bonanza owners, and reputed him self worth between ten and twenty millions, which interview, in the langusge of the street, iu simply a piteous “squeal" against Jambs Keene, another heavy operator, who is bearing the Bonanza stocks. Keens is enormously wealthy, but baa never been rated as possessing half (He capital that do#e Flood, aor more than a tithe that of the letter's firm, Flood, O’Bnnw, Mackey & Fair. Yet la tbte Interview, mani festly furnished for effect upon California street. Flood dilates upon the boitlls "animus" of Keens, aud complains bitterly of Kerne's at tach upon the value of tho Bonanza mines. If these were in fact unimpaired, if Flood's firm were possessed of the surplus millions with* whioh It is credited, what would be cara for the depreciation of the stock, except to make money out of It by buying up the outstanding shares at less than their value ? But if the pay-ore to giving out, if the dividends of $1,600,000 per month (declared with such remarkable regularity monthly foreome time, as though tho receipts and expenses of tho mines wore uniform,—a thing seldom If over the case before) have boon fic titious. aud paid by loans made for that pur pose, Just such a "squeal " might ho expected from Mr. Flood. Tbs whole may be a stock jobbing operation. But tho history of mining in the Comstock lode aborts that there can bo no certainty as to tho extent of any veins, no mat ter how rich | no asauronco how soon tbe pay ore may be exhausted, and that such may have boon the case with the Bonanza mines would surprise nobody acquainted with the history of tho Comstock. Besides, Flood, O'Bbien, Mackey A Fair yet encounter the hostility of those they cornered when they crashed tho Dank of Cali fornia, aud In their turn are tlablo sooner or later tbomsolvsa to moot tho tike fate. Should the anti-Chinese agitation In Oalifor* nia result in the extermination, wholly or.ln part, of tbe Colosllati there, lot there be no mistake oa to tbe responsibility for it, bat fix It where it belongs, to that pig-tailod pagan Zlono Crdno. He ft one of tha Mongolian In vaders who, presumably with tbe rest, is rain ing California by doiog from $2 to $1 worth of work a day for the proud Caucasians for loss than half that amount of pay for it. and, horrid heathen that he is, wants to keep on working even at those figures. Ho has evidently had translated from tbe San Francisco papers the incendiary artlcles.doaigaod to incite mob vio lence against the Chinese, not because they work cheaply, whereby money is made oat of tbem, bat because they do not "assimilate" with the white population of the State, bnt remain "foreign barbarians in oar midst.*' Thereon it dawned upon llono Cuuno that all that was necessary was for them to "assimilate” with the whites. He seams to have imparted this information to bis brother pig-tolls, for when the other day ho woe examined before the Legislative Commission he testified that bo believed they generally now looked forward to tbe time when they would bo full-fledged free American citizens, and have their share in tho Government. On cross-exami nation ho oven admitted that there might bo Chinamen on tho Pacific Slope now who would consent to fill tho Stale offices if elected thereto. This it Is that has fired tho hearts of the Hood lum fathers. The word has gone forth that tho pig-tails who wouldn't "assimilate” propose to assimilate, and the awful conundrum is pro pounded throughout the length and breadth of the State, Would yon have your daughter mar ry a Chinaman ? for, os tbs Sacramento Record- Union absuris them, " when the door is once opened be can always go In, and a time will sure ly come when the assimilative process shall bring him to this also.” No wonder the clamor for tho abrogation of the Bobunoamb treaty is redoubled with that appalling prospect before them, nor that tbe anti-Chinese clubs are talk ing about organizing themselves Into military companies. _ * There is a bitter quarrel in tho Republican ranks in Alabama between tho maoblne carpet baggers, led by Bouator Bpehceb, and those who act with such mou as ox-Qov. Suitii, Judge Rice, formerly Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of tho State 5 ex-Qov. PanaoNS, ox-Coq greesman Buofesv, aud others, and including neatly all tho respectable white members of the party in that State and a large majority of ne groes. Thoy have fixed the 10th of May as tho date of their State Convention to select delegates to tho National Convention at Cincinnati. The other crowd, who train under BpanOEn, will hold a second Convention aud send a separate dele gation to Cincinnati. The regulars aro about equally divided between Bristow and Bljlihb, while the Sponcerltoa favor Monxox first, and for second choice Senator Conklino. Tho quar rel among Alabama Republicans is that, while the Sfekoeb delegation wlllropresontonly about 10 per cent of tho Republican vote of the State, it will, having control of the machine politi cians, secure admission to the Cincinnati Con vention to the exclusion of tha representative* of the more respectable portion of tho party, The New .York Tribune contains some Inter* eqtiog details of the life of Harman Cox, one of this little baud of original Abolitionists, who died at Longwood, Pa., on the 15th ult,, at the advanced ago of 80 years. Bbe was descended from one of tho Quaker colonists who esme over with W illiaji -Pesh, and Joined In tho very first movement of emancipation, her bouse being tho favorite resort of Lu.vdt, Qabbison, Whittier, Luchetia Mott, and others, when they were social outlaws. Is was also the first station m the underground road on this way to tho Cana dian terminus. In September, 1873, sbo and her husband celebrated their golden wedding, upon which occasion Whittier sent them hla poem on “Tho Golden Wedding of Longwood." Of Mrs. Cox the Tribune says : She was a woman of equal energy and sweetness of character; broad and cotnprebeualro lu her sym pathies; a student of blatory and literature, no leas than a reformer, during ull tho years of her busy Ufa; a farmer's wife, with tho ease and grace of a nilalrcaa of society, a democrat, with the entire dignity of a Duohcu. No pessimistic theory could Uro in her presence: to know her was to beUevo in a bsltor iuturo for the wnolo human race. . Massachusetts Is experiencing a mining ex citomont consequent upon 'the development of .silver oro in paying quantity in what Is known os tho Chipmau lode, at Nowburyport. Work la being actively prosecuted there by a company which has already suok a shaft to tho depth of 185 feet, with dnfte at tho CO-foot aud 100-foot levels, one of them now In 600 feet, and have also two tunnels well under way. At present tho company employs seventy men, and it la claimed tako ont an average of between four and five tons a day, which will assay 9100 to tho ton. The work baa been in progress fur a year, la which lime it is reported between 924,000 aud $25,000 worth of silver has been taken out, be sides 1,000 tons of ore which it la claimed will yield SIOO to tho ton. Nenhurvport la already looked upon as tho Now Eldorado, and the local Journals are publishing comparative statements to show how much bettor the first year's opera tions in the Cbipman lode havo paid than they did In the Comstock, and claim that tho verit able Dig Bonanza is not in Nevada, bat down al Newburyport, Thera la a report quietly circulating in coofl danti&i political circles that as soon as the Act log Governor can offset a relief loan of 425,000 for the Assignee of the “ crooked" machine organ U is coming out for him for Goteruor against Coelom. This will make the little twi light concern Jealous. A 41,500 Peultentlary ship U not enough for the amount of abyatering required, and it will he beard crying out in piping treble, “Brink fair, Baiun) drink fair, whatever yo do.'*- Our attention has been called to a Chicago special to the Mew York Timet, referring to the declination of Ur. K. D. WasmionNE as ocaudl. date for Governor, which etatos that “Ur, Wasuouhne’s friends bad, for some little time past, been considering whether it would not be best to draw him off before his chances at Cin cinnati wore irretrievably ruined by tbe refusal of bis own State to indorse him. This contin gency was foreseen and provided for, a blank dated letter declining to accept the nobnuatior having been placed in the hands of Mr. Joseph Uedux, of Tub Twdone, for nsa when neces sity should arise." There Is not a word of truth in this yarn. No such letter was placed in the bands of the Individual ntnUoned, oi any oa

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