Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 6 Mayıs 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 6 Mayıs 1876 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. BATX* *OT BrMCmrnON (patablb in adtanok) rofttnao Prepaid at title Office. Dell*Witte* poitpald.lrotr S 13.00 Parlaof rear at name rate. Mailed In any adrtm« roon werkb f0r.....,,... 1.00 fiandtf Editions Literary and itolliloua Double VT**r.v*v.virrrrr.v.v.vrrrr «.oo pitta of year at aama rate. WEEKLY r.UrriOM, POSTPAID. On*copy, per year • Olobofn»e,porcopy }*VX Club of twenty, per c0py..... ..• r ° Tbo poitaco la 10 cent* a year, which wo wUI propay. Bpoetaora eoploo sent free. . . To prevent data? and mlttaVea, be rare and eiro Office address la fall* InclndlngSUto and County. Remittances may be read# either by draft, erpres* Foat-Olßce order, or In reciiterod letter#, atourrlak. TXBUI TO OtTT OtJBBCIItnEBS. Dally, delivered, Sunday excepted. 2H eonlo per week, Pally, delivered, Sunday included,, 30 cent* per week. Afldrraa TIIK TRIBU>B COMPANY. Comer Madlaoo and Dearborn-tie., Chicago lU. AMUSEMENTS. NEW CHICAGO THEATRE—CIark street, between Randolph and Lake, liooloy'a Mtuatrels. Afternoon and evening. ADELTHI THEATRE—Monroe street, corner Dear born. Variety entertainment. Afternoon and evening. UOOLErS THEATRE—Randolph street, between Clark and LaSalle. Engagement of Salebury'a Trou badours. " Patchwork.'• Afternoon and evening. MoVIOKER’S THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn and Slate. Afternoon, "Othello.” Evening, " Henry VI1L” and " Katharine and Tetrode.” EXPOSITION BUILDING—Lake Shore, foot of Adams street. Concert by Gilmore’s Band, After noon and evening. McCORMIOK HALL—North Clark street, comer Klnzie. Concert at ap. ru. by Hans Von Bolow. Wit (J&kap Saturday Morning, May 0, 1870. WITH SUPPLEMENT. Greenbacks yesterday at the Now York Gold Exchange closed at Slightly warmer weather, with possibly rain areas, is the condition meteorological predicted to-day. Georgia’s representation in tho National Republican Convention is mixed in more ways than one. There aro thirteen white and nine colored delegates, estimated to stand: Blaine, 8 ; Bristow, C ; Morton, 5 ; Conklino, 8. Members of the Committee on Expendi tures in the Treasury Department, which has been engaged in hearing testimony in tho re vivified mule case, yesterday called upon Sec retary Bristow and assured him that tho re ports of the testimony procured by corre spondents of Democratic newspapers from Democratic Committeemen were false and garbled, and that no testimony was given be fore the Committee which Mr. Bristow need toko any notice of. It was announced yesterday in the General Conference of tho Methodist Church ot Balti more that a fraternal delegation from the Methodist Church South is expected soon to be in attendance in response to tho in vitation extended to tho Southern Conference ct Us session in 1874. The hope was fer vently expressed that tho visit of the delega tion would open the way for a speedy reunion of tho two branches separated by the bitter ness and misunderstandings growing oat of the War of the. Rebellion. Peoria Prsobytery proposes to enforce its authority in the cose of the reverend seducer who is installed as pastor of the church at Henry, and Is retained In spite of the formal judgment of the Presbytery that he is an nnfit person to fill the sacred ofllco of minis ter of the Gospel, and against the wishes of a largo portion of the membership of the church. At a mooting of the Presbytery Thursday evening a Committee was ap pointed to admonish the church at Henry of the irregularity of their course in continuing lo.tolerate Glendenkino’s ministrations, and K> order the church to bounce him forth with. Basket Caulfield’s class in political his tory is making good progress under tho skill ful instruction of Little Johnny Davenfort. Among other things they learned yesterday that the roster of tho Now York Union League Club, under whose auspices Daven port worked, was not on exclusively Repub lican organization, but contained tho names of several Democrats and Liberals; and that Ibo effort to prevent illegal voting was not confined to Democrats, a number of Repub licans having been arrested, among them many clerks from tho Departments in Wash ington, who had gone to Now York for the purpose of voting, while others wore turned back who intended to go. In grateful contrast with tho greedy, grasp ing policy of their competitors, tho Direct Cable Company promptly announce that their rates will not bo advanced in conse quence of tho break in tho Anglo-American and French cables, bnt that, on tho contrary, tho rates will remain unchanged, and the busi ness of tho disabled lines, including press dispatches, will bo forwarded with all possible facility, tho Direct Cable Com pany only asking that all messages bo con densed within tho briefest compass, In order that everybody may bo accommodated. It is an example of generosity and fairness which should not bo lost on the Anglo-American and French Directors when a brook occurs here after In the line of their rival. Rufus Hatod, the New York banker and financier, has contributed an interesting ex pression of views on the subject of finance by invitation of the House Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Hatch looks with disfavor upon the proposition to issue $500,- 000,000 In thirty-year bonds bearing interest at 4} per cent, regarding this rate of interest as higher than necessary to secure the nego tiation of the bonds which, already possess, lug the valuable characteristics of perfect safety and negotiability, require only the element of durability to render them readily salable at 4 per cent interest. Ho is in favor of long bonds at a low rate of interest, and of the enactment of a sinking-fund law as a means of elevating the credit of (he Govern ment all over tho world. The Chicago produce markets were steadier yesterday, bat generally firmer on bread* stuffs, with rather less doing. Mess pork declined 160 per brl, closing firm at at $20.00 @20.974 ioT May and $21UH)@21.024 for June. Lard declined 100 per 100 lbs, clos ing firmer at $12.6740)12.40 cosh and $12.15 @12.50 for Juno. Moats were easier, at 7jfo for boxed shoulders, 110 for do short ribs, and ll|o for do short clears. Loko freights woro firm, at o|@4o for wheat to Buffalo, nigh wines were steady, at $1.07 por gallon, flour was doll and easy. Wheat closed lo higher, at BSJO far Aty and $1,004 for Jane, Com advanced closing nt 4Cjo cash and 4Gjo for July. Oats were 4{®io higher, clos ing at 80Jo for Mny and 00Jo for June. Rye was quiet nt Oljc. Barley was stronger, closing nt C4Jo for Mny and COo for Juno. The hog market urns active and strong at Thursday’s quotations, with most of the sales at57.00@7.15. Cattle were active and a shade higher, common to choico soiling at $t.00@5.G5. Sheep wore scarce at $4.60(5) 0.50 for common to extra. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $112.75 in green backs at the close, Senator Conklino is sadly in need of a newspaper organ in Now York City, and it is said that tho Custom-House managers and machine manipulators aro engaged in raising tho money necessary to comploto tho favor ite son’s equipment for tho Presidential race. Rmnor has it that the sum of SBOO,OOO has boon subscribed, and Loom J. Jxhncnos, lately editor-in-chief of tho Timet, is to havo tho direction of tho now organ. If the schcmo should succeed it would soouro tho distribution of a large sum of money among many worthy people, including editors, ro porters, printers, paper-makers, etc., and in this way would accomplish some good; but it would not nominate Mr. Conklino for tho Presidency, and would not elect him if nom inated. Honce it is to bo hoped that tho now organ will bo started. Judge Hopkins rendered an important de cision yesterday as to tho liability of a bank in collecting drafts. It appears that tho Bank of Montreal, of this city, received a draft some time ago from one of its corre spondents, drawn on the State Street Savings Bank. Foiling to collect the money at once, tbo bank had tho paper accepted, ond during tbo three days that intervened before pre sentation for payment the Savings Bank foiled. Suit was brought against tbo Bank of Montreal, and tho Jndgo bold that the action of tbo bank in having tbo draft ac cepted instood of insisting on immediate payment rendered it liable, os it created a now contract, and discharged the drawers of the draft. Tho decision will bo of considera ble interest to business-men and banks, and tho opinion will bo found in another column. Bat for the timely interposition of Tom Scott tho country would have been afforded the extraordinary spectacle of tbo entire body of members of Congress paying their way like any common individual. Mr. Hinklet, of tho Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad, a corporation which has no subsidy schemes before Congress and no favors to ask, refused to dead-head tho Centonniol ex cursionists or to permit Tou Scott to trans port them over that road. There was dan ger that the attendance nt Philadelphia of patriotic statesmen would bo extremely meagre, and there was also an opportunity to put in a tolling stroke for tho Texas Pacific job, and Col. Scott camo promptly to the rescue with two free trains over a roundabout route. Tho Congressmen will save their rail road fare to the Centennial opening, and tho great Pennsylvania lobbyist will have placed the whole party under a personal obligation. It was a great achievement. IB BRISTOW A RELIABLE REPUBLICAN ? Tho question is often addressed to this journal, by Republicans who honestly desire the nomination by tho Cincinnati Convention of a man who can bo conscientiously sup ported for bis personal integrity and execu tive honesty, what assurance there is that Bbibtow, a native Kentuckian, born and bred amid slaveholders, under tho shadows of the peculiar institution, will not, if elected, do as Trxzn tho Virginian and Axnnzw John son the Tennessean did—betray tho party that elects him and go with tho South. The Crnci.oo TmntrKE has on this question, as on all others, acted for the pnblio interest in urging that the Republican party cut away from all connection with the corruption of the past; that it extirpate and cost off every person and policy that had the least com plicity with fraud and dishonesty, and that it would givo tho people the earnest assurance of a thorough reform and purification of the whole administrative service of the Government Relieving such to bo the future policy and purpose of the Republican party, wo have thought it to bo our duty to furnish all the information calculated to aid the public in selecting a candidate whose own personal history and character and whoso official record would give the best assurance to the public that such a policy would bo honestly and fearlessly executed. Wo have inclined to tho opinion that,'taking all things into consideration, Buisrow was tho host and safest man for the occasion, and while wo havo nover said tbot bo is sure to bo nominated, wo havo declared that in our judgment ho ought to bo nominated, and, If nominated, wo have no doubt that he will bo oleotod. Our mission bos been to famish honest information, and tho foot that Mr. Bristow has no machinery to push Conven tions in his own behalf, oud is therefore less likely to be nominated than others who have, could not induce as to ignore the foot that of all others who have boon named he best meats the public demand for a man who will bo untrammolod by past relations in tho vital work of purifying the public service. We have not advised the nomination of Mr. BaißTOw -without investigating his personal history and the political and official record ho has made. There is nothing in his record which subjects him to the suspicion of “John* Bonking." John Tyler, though nominally a Whig, was an extreme States’ Bights man and a believer in the right of secession. On all fundamental doctrines ho was an extreme Democrat j ho quarreled with Jackson be* cause of the latter’s proclamation against South Carolina nullification, and the Whig leaders had no right to expect that ho would go with that party on any question upon which the South had peculiar notions. An* drew Johnson had been a Democrat from Ids earliest vote; an extreme Southern man, who, though belonging to tho “ poor white trash,” hod been all his life a champion of slavery, and an anatagouist of tho rights of the negroes In every sense. There is nothing in the record of Col. Buistow Ju common with that of And? Johnson, except that ho was born, like Lincoln, In a slave State. What* over inferences might bo ordinarily drawn from this circumstance is negatived by tho actual facts. Ills grandfather, a soldier of the War of 1612, was a Baptist minister and on anil-slavery man; his father was a Whig emancipationist, who, inheriting slaves through his wife’s parents, immediately grant* ed all of them their liberty, except a few whoso ago or infirmity prevented them earning a living, and these, through feelings of hu* manity, the father supported. It was in a family of this kind, which for two genera* lions had been anti-slavery, that Boistow was • r&Uod. Uo Inherited and was edu cated in strong hostility to slavery, and this, it should U remembered, vm la THE CHICAGO THJLBUJNE: SATURDAY. MAT 6, 1876-TWELVE PAGES'. Kentucky, where It required more than ordi nary strength of character to resist the personal, social, nod political ostracism which pursued every Abolitionist. It is within the memory of men now living when “ Abo litionists” were mobbed oven in Boston, and it has been but a very few years since the term “ Abolitionist ” was generally resented ns a personal insult in Chicago. During the last sixty years there was in Kentucky, in the heart of an oxeitoblo slave-holding com munity, a family of sturdy Abolitionists bravely denouncing slavery, practically eman cipating their slaves, and boldly, by precept and example, in the face of intolerant pro scription, opposing the “peculiar institu tion.” In Ibis family Mr. Bristow was raised and educated. When the Republican party was organized, there wore few men in Kentucky who dared to admit that they be longed to it; among thoso few were tho Bristows. In 1860 they wore numorons enough to poll 1,001 votes for Lincoln, and among those were the Bristows. At that time and for years previous tho popular title given to thoso anti-slavery men was “Black Republicans,” nud tho term was freely applied by men who wore thou Demo crats. and who now, conspicuous os Republic ans, say it Is unsafe to nominate Bristow because ho was bora in tho Sonlb. 'When tho War broke oat, Bristow, then a young lawyer enjoying a large legal prac tice, declared for the Union. Ho was Lionlonont-Coloncl of ono of the first Union regiments raised in Kentucky; subsequently ho raised another regiment, of which ho be came Colonel, and it was port of this regi ment that captured John Morgan in his raid in Ohio and Indiana. 'While in the army he was elected to tho State Senate, and during his whole term was tho loader of tho Repub lican and anti-slavery party in that body. His votes in that body on every question of a party character wore in keeping with his Republican and anti-slavery Whig record. Ho voted with the minority in favor of ratify ing tho Thirteenth Amendment to the Con stitution obolishing slavery. Bristow, with his little band of Radical Republicans, faith ful to principle and nnawod by threats, fougbt the battle of tbo Union in tho Legis lature to tbo last In 18C8 bo stumped the State for Grant, and in 1871 for Qon. Harlan, tbo Republican candidate for Gov ernor, who received nearly 00,000 votes. His speeches during that campaign ore dis tinguished alike for their ability as for their radical defense of tho principles of the Re publican party. There is nothing in the past history of Mr. Bristow to cause tho slightest fear that, if elected, he may prove untrno to his party. Abraham Lincoln, Richard Tates, and Rich ard J. Oolesut, —throe men known to every man in Illinois, —were all bom in Kentucky,and yet neither of them was over so identified in tbeir lives, personally and socially, with the abolition of slavery, as Bristow, who almost alone, against the entire public opinion of tho people of that State, bravely and reso lutely from his earliest manhood opposed and denounced tho institution, and uphold tho cause of tho Union and of tho Republican party against Stale Sovereignty and seces sion, and ogaiust the Confederates, It was on this record, backed up oy tho personal character of the man, his inflexible integrity, his vigorous intellect, his indomit able courage, and bis hatred of dishonest of ficials, that we have felt it to be our duty as a journalist to suggest that Mr. Bristow’s nomination will best fill tho measure of tho popular expectation of tho man needed nt this particular juncture to execute the need ed general reform in tho public service. THE PRESIDENT'S ANSWER. The fellow in the piny, who goes around with a green umbrella poking his nose into everybody’s affairs and bis umbrella into everybody's ribs, lias a numerous prototype among the Democratic members of Congress. Clyuer, and Caulfield, and Cate, and Blackburn, and other small fry, have vari ously assumed (ho character of Paul Pry with the usual and proper discomfiture, and now Sir. Blackburn has boon summarily, oven though figuratively, kicked down stairs, whore ho ought to stay. A Paul Pry is cer tainly a very disagreeable and objaotional person on general principles, bat his career daring the present Congress has been rather beneficial than otherwise to the Republican Administration and party. For instance, ilr. Blackburn’s impertinent resolution, calling upon tbs President for information which Congress hod no authority to ask, gave Gen. Grant the opportunity for an official reply to the Democratic criticism which has been made for years on his occasional ohsonco from 'Washington. As long as this criticism was confined to party newspapers and the stump-speeches of bis political opponents, it would have been undignified in the President of the United Stotes to take notice of it oven though it was entirely unjust; bat when Con gress gave an official expression to this criti cism, it was proper for Gen. Grant to reply to it in fitting terms, and indicate not merely its injustice, but also its impertinence. This bo has done thoroughly in the recent message ho sent to tho House. The popular interest in this controversy will be mainly confined to tho answer tho President makes to tho charge that he has neglected his duties by absenting himself from tho Capitol during tho dog-days, and by on occasional attendance upon conspicuous public celebrations. There Ij something in finitesimally small in tho assumption that the American people deny to their Chief Executive the midsummer holiday taken by tho most obsoure clerk in any of the Government Departments in Washington. A continuous residence m that city during the summer, particularly for persons who were not reared in the climate, is not merely dis agreeable, but dangerous. There Is a sullen sort of sultriness about Washington summer weather, with its scorohiug sun and lack of winds. Tho situation is low, and tho city is cut off by tho surrounding hills from the purification of tho winds. It is too far re moved from tho sea to enjoy tho salt air, and the Potomao at low water diffuses noxious and unhealthy smells. In escaping from all this, tho President selected a summer rosl donee within reach of tho Capital by a few hours of travel and a few minutes 1 commu nication by telcgroph. There is no evidence that the public business has over suffered from this temporary absence from the Capi tol. The other occasions of Gen. Grant’s absence from the Capital hove been a few doys* rapid journey to his Bt. Louis farm, on attendance upon the wedding of a son, the presence at a funeral of some distinguished American like Horace Greeley, or the participation in a Grand Army re union, or some other occasion of national celebration. But ho has never yet gone junketing about the country to make political speeches, like Uls immediate predecessor, nor has he (notwithstanding the superior facilities of communication) absented himself in the aggregate so much as many of tho distin guished Democratic gentlemen who hold tho office In tho “good old days.” Mr. Jeffer son, it appears from the record, was absent from the Capital more than two years ont of tho eight which ho served as President; all the incumbents of tho office, from 'Washing ton to Lincoln, exercised their own discre tion about absenting themselves, and many of them spent much more of their .time else where than Gou. Grant has spent. As to tho inference from the House resolu tion, that tho President has no authority to do any official acts outside of Washington, it simply shows tho ignorance of tho men whom tho Democrats have chosen to represent them in Congress. There is nothing In the Con stitution, nor in the laws of tho United States, nor in tho precedents, which warrants any such assumption. Tbo only locution of tho seat of Government contained in tho Constitution is In Uio enumeration of tho powers of Congress, which says that Con gress shall “exorcise exclusive legislation In &U oases whatsoever over such district (not exceeding 10 miles square) os may, by cession of particular Slates and the ac ceptance of Congress, become tho scat of the Government of tho United States,” etc. Bnt there is nothing rcqniriug the constant residence of the President in that seat of Government, though it is evidently his implied duty to moke it his headquarters. There are many supposablo circumstances, however, wbioh would neces sitate his removal, and many former Frosi oonts (among them Washington, Adams, Jejterson and Madison) exorcised tho pow ers of tho office at a distance from tho Capital at their own pleasure and convenience. Nor were any of those gentlemen ever called upon by a Congress of ignoramuses to moke apology or explanation for doing what they bod a right to do. As to Mr. Blackburn, who in stigated the odoptlon of the impudent reso lution of inquiry, it will be well for his con stituents to relegate him to private life until ho shall have acquired some of tho rudiments of law and the public service. HEHDtfICEB’ APOLOGY FOB THE NEGRO MAB3AORE. With feeling of profound relief the country had settled down to the conviction that the lost hod been hoard of the White-Lino justifi cation of massacres of negroes,—to-wit: that invariably in self-defense the White-Liners had to slaughter the blacks. It has been ad vanced for the whole terrible catalogue of negro-murdering from the outset down to Yazoo and Coushatta Parish, until even the White-Liners of Mississippi scarce have the effrontery to longer seek shelter behind such pitiful plea. It bos remained for His Excel lency Qov. Hendricks, of Indiana, to again urge this justification in its thinnest guise for the White-Line massacre of negroes at Indianapolis at the late election. Ho did so in his interview with a Tiudunb reporter, published yesterday. But for the negro-repeating, Gov. Hendricks explained, there would have been no trouble. Hitherto, as everybody knows, the high art of repeating has boon monopolized by its Democratic inventors. They have regularly carried Now York City elections by repeat ing; by that carried the State for Seymour for Governor by 40,000 majority ; and have practiced repeating in every city in the country, including Indianapolis, as doubtless they did there at the late election. It is not disputed that the blacks are looming rapidly, but that they should already have attained the Democratic high art of repeating, and that they should have ventured to practice it, too, in the face of such threats os were openly made ogoinst them on clection-day at Indianapolis, is simply incredible, and unless Gov. Hendricks adduces satisfactory evi dence in support of this charge ho will bo set down as a deliberate falsifier. The ckargo of negro-rcpoatiug, however, is ouly mado by Qov. Hendwoks in palliation of the negro-massacro which ho decorously deplores, just as the well-to-do planters of Mississippi are wont to cite the "nigger in solence " that provokes their young men to slaughter of niggers. Qov. Hekdbicks goes on to say that at G o'clock in the evening —when the negroes ought to have completed their repeating—word seems to have been convoyed to the Fourth (a negro) Ward that in the Sixth (an Irish) Ward the colored voters were, as the Governor mildly puts it, "being imposed upon." The negroes of the Fourth Ward know enough to know that that meant the colored voters were at the mercy of a Democratic mob i i the Sixth, and a hundred of them started to the rescue. Gov. Uekdrioxb says that the hundred, on arriving at the Sixth Ward, found all quiet, but proceeded to raise a rumpus by attempt ing repeating there, which they were not permitted to do; and thereon arose the riot in which only negroes were wounded and killed. Ills Excellency had very little to say about the murder done, but dilates upon the pro tended negro outrage upon the ballot in a placid sorved-them-right strain that irresisti bly prompts inquiry as to what ghost of n chance of a Democratic victory there would bo in most of the Democratic city strong holds if repeaters were summarily dispatched upon the spot, as from his statement, the in ference is, was done at Indianapolis. A very plain statement of the facts os given by eye witnesses, published in his own city and re printed in Tan Tbujune of yesterday, dis poses of his lame apology for this Democratic massacre of negro voters. Word was sent to the Fourth Ward that an attack bad been mado upon negro voters in the Sixth, and a party storied to tbeir rescue. But before reaching the Sixth the report was discovered to be false, and they began returning. Then it was that the mob attack—which, from the Governor’s own statement, it appears had been threatened all day—was made upon them, and the negroes os they fled wore shot down. The pursuit continued os long os there was a negro in sight, the mob shouting "Kill the niggers," "What right hove they to vote?” " Shoot them," etc. Then the dead were gathered up and there was no white man among them, but tbo Democratic police, who hod been foremost in the outrage, arrested a lot of negroes for riot. Tbo facts need no comment. They disclose that the massacre was the result of the White-Lino barbarism which nullifies tbo Fifteenth Amendment by shooting colored voters. Gov. Hendbioks appeals to that barbarism by apologizing for the murderers, and ho further identifies himself therewith by perverting the facts to make that barbarous opology, while he dis tinguishes himself by his conspicuous neglect to offer rewards for the apprehension of the mnrderers be apologizes for. His Imperial Majesty Dorn Pedro of Brazil is avery sensible old gentleman, with a capacity for travel and a snack of rapid sight-seeing which discounts the average American tourist in Europe. We hope thot, both os a matter of personal comfort to himself and In order to maintain the self-respect of the American people, there will be no farther efforts—Congressional, Alclonn&nlo, or otherwise—to force npon him receptions which ho does not waot end demonstrations that are distasteful to him. Though a King, ho certainly has a right in this free country to travel about unmolested as a private gentleman, without submitting to the indignity of having somebody else pay his bills or tho discomfort of listening to dreary speeches. Ho escaped the clutches of Oolvik and the tortures of one of Colvin's addresses by coming into Chicago yesterday at a very early hour (before the City Govern ment gets up, though not always before it goes to bed), by slaying here only a couple of hours, and by escaping daring that time to Die solitude of tho Crib and tho exclusive quarters of a tug-boat. Wo hope ho may bo equally successful in eluding tho vlgilonoe of professional lion-hunters and Congressional toadies when ho shall visit Washington. LOCAL TAXATION AND DEBT IN ENGLAND. Tho March number, of Fraser's Magazine contains a criticism upon the Annual Report of tho English Local Government Board, which brings out some facts touching local taxation and local government which are not generally known or understood in this coun try, a summary of which will prove of in* terast, as giving a general view of tho ex* pondituro of England. Tho amount of tho national expenditure for 1874 was $874,610,* 200, which has since been increased $385,- 000,000, and in addition to this sum there has boon expended under tho head of local tax* ation $163,824,775, thus making the total national ontlay $583,830,883. The increase of local indebtedness has been remarkable. While the expenditure under tho head of local taxation has boon $108,824,775, tho amount raised by annual imposts has been only $114,785,155, leaving a difference of $48,589,620, representing tho debt incurred daring the year. The local taxation as com* pared with our own country ia only about ono-holf the latter. Cur local taxation in 1670 was $280,591,521, and during tho succeeding six years it has probably increased to $350,- 000,000, —the excess over the English tax be ing due to our larger country and population, although Great Britain has twice tho amount of property drawing interest to bo levied on. The Statistical Department of tho Local Gov ernment Board also furnishes some interest ing figures respecting the total indebtedness of the local authorities of England for loans in 1878, *74, *75, tho aggregate of which roaches the handsome aum of $415,810,000, tho heavier amounts of which wore raised at 4J per cent, giving an opproximnte annual amount of interest of $18,075,000, which is 17 per cent of tho interest of the permanent national debt, the latter amounting to SIOB,- 000. Tho total expenditure of this local taxation is divided into seven heads, tho items of which are os follows: 1. Protection of life end property 119,310,006 9. Public health and convenience 63,707,350 3. Land and sea communications 43,317,300 4. PrcserraUoa of lands 1,337,700 6. Relief of the poor 0. Education and religion. L Miscellaneous.......... Total The two most important items in this schedule are the fifth and second, and in one of those taxation has been remunerative, and in tbo other a return has not been had for the money. The expenditure for relief of the poor seems to have been somewhat remarka ble in its ftsults, as a few figures will show. The mean number of paupers in receipt of relief from rotes in 1874 was less than that in any year since 1849, which is the first year for which figures are given. In tbo quarter of a century which has intervened, the pau perism of tbo country has been reduced one fourth, while the population has increased in that time by six millions. The number of vagrants throughout the country bos also di minished by more than one-fourth since 18CC, the numbers being 4,4C9 on Jan. I,IBGG, and 3,089 on Jan. 1, 1874. In the City of London the reduction has been much more considera ble, tbo number being 1,501 in 18GG, and 042 in 1874. The showing of tbo administration of the laws relating to the public health is not so favorable. Upon this point the writer of the article in question says: lUtbor more than thlrleca-and-a-hslf millions of money baa been borrowed for aanltary purpose! since 1613. During tbe year ending Deo. 31, tbo Local Government Board bare sanctioned the raising of £13,3:13,181 by urban sanitary authorities, and of £110,315 by rural sanitary authorities, by way of loan. At tbo earns time tbo greatest anxiety la manifested, In many places, for definite ofilclal counsel as to tbe beet mode of dealing with the proailng nulaance of eewage. The beneficial action which might be expect ed from the administration baa boon paralyzed by tbe mladlrcctlon given to legislation in 1872. Opposite and contradictory demands are mado on the local an tborltloe. They are enjoined to remove offensive matter from habitations. They are prohibited from throwing It into tbe river*. They ask In vain for ad vice a« to what they ore to do to get rid of It, The failure seems to arise not so much from ignorant administration of the laws as from the inoperative character of the special act passed by Parliament in 1872. With refer ence to the other items in the schedule, the taxation seems to have been remunerative, the average Englishman getting a fair return for the money which ho has paid to the local Government, which is much more than tbo average American can say, especially if ho happens to live in Chicago. A COLOSSAL PROJECT. Hr. Spalding, a distinguished American en gineer, has submitted a scheme to the Rus sian Government for the improvement of the great sterile waste in Central Asia, which is commanding unusual attention in Russia, and is now the subject of very earnest discussion and investigation by the Imperial Geograph ical and Statistical Commission of that country. His proposition is tantamount to turning the Mediterranean Sea into Asia, and thus irrigating the arid wates adjacent to the Caspian and 13lack Seas. The substance of Mr. Spalding's proposition is to the follow ing effect i The Ural and Volga Rivers, which empty into the Caspian Sea and drain a largo port of the Russian Empire, have for a great length of time, by the usual pro cesses of detrition and alluvion, deposited the soil of the districts drained by them into the Caspian, until the dimensions of the sea have been greatly reduced, so that by the absence of rain In that region, and the diminution of space available for evap oration, there is a prospect that eventually the sea will become a marsh and the country a desert The same causes have boon in operation upon the Boa of Aral, east of the Caspian, and Lake Ralkasb, on the border of Toorklstan and the Chinese Empire, so that a great desert is now in process of formation in Central Asia and in the vory midst of the Russian Empire. To cheek this sterile growth and to save lands which are still pro ductive is the purpose of Mr. Spalding. In looking about for the requisite supply of water, be tinds it in the Block Bea, which is much higher than the Caspian, and has im mediate connection with the Mediterranean, (bus securing an unfailing and ample supply of water. To accomplish this he proposes to cut omuls ft cross the ridge dividing tho tiro ■orb, a distance of 250 versts, or about 80 miles, connecting them npon the same level. Of the operation of tho water ponring through this cutting Mr. Spalding says: Tho moromont of the waU>r through • channel of 3 by 60 metrei, tt Ante of 12 kilometres per hour,would All a ftpAo« In a year equal to Ml drjtiare kilometres, from the level of the Oaaplan to that of (bo Dlaok Rea, ThU would All the preient Area of the OaapUn to tho level of the Dlack BeA In About 700 yean; but, as It would b« enlarged by the process from about 403,000 square kilometres to about 700,000 square kilometres, the Ailing would go on very slowly null! tho channel of the new strait should have become enlarged to lie full dimensions. This enlargement would proceed at the rate of about one verst per week, and, as tho entire distance to bo enlarged would probably not ex ceed 300 verats, It would bo completed In about alx years, after which (he Ailing would proceed with a current of about 20 kilometre* per hour, no that, at the end of forty yean from tho beginning of the work, the lerela of tho two seat would bo ao nearly uniform that navigation of tho new channel could be gin. This time it is proposed to shorten still more by uniting the Don and tho Volga, which would require only a very short cut ting, and, by reversing tho current of the Don as the current of the Chicago River was reversed, making it empty into tho Cas pian Sea through the Volga, instead of into tho Sea of Azof, its present outlet. Ry these operations it is contended that an additional area of nearly of nearly one-half would ho made to the Caspian Sea, thus increasing tho rainfall proportionately of tho districts adja cent to tho Caspian, and also the rainfall np on the slopes drained into tho Aral Sea and Lake Bolkasb. These natural results ore not the only changes Mr. Spalding foresees. There are also material results of tho utmost impor tance to Russia. By his scheme a now Medi terranean would be created, navigable for largo ships from tho borders of Persia to about tho 50th parallel of north latitude, along the estuaries formed by the Ural and tho Volga, and navigable for smaller soa-go ing vessels to Orenburg on the Ural and a point still further north on tho Volga, thus giving access to tho forests, coal, iron, and other ores of Eastern Russia. In point of fact, Mr. Spalding grows quite eloquent in his prophecies. He says : By the construction of lines of railway from tho control portions of Western Orenburg, tho shipment of groin and other heavy agricultural pro ductions of that region would greatly increase, bo cause these require tbs cheaper water transportation to stimulate Increased production. By railways from Toorklstan and Western China to tho Hirer Emba, a port in tho valley of that now useless stream would soon corns Into existence where tho wool, cotton, tos, and other productions of those countries would bo ex changed with the Mediterranean for the frails, wiuos, and manufactures of that region. Tbs productions of Persia and her imports also wonld bo sent to tho harbor formed by tho Atreck Hirer, instead of going to the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf, And thua this new Mediterranean would rival In Importance tho well-known aoa of ancient and modern times. 'Whether oil Ur. Spalding's eloquent proph ecies of tho material results which will flow from his scheme will over bo realized may admit of doubt, but its effects upon tho phys ical condition of tho country ore in accord ance wf th natural laws, and, as it is shown that the work con be easily and satisfactorily accomplished at reasonable expense and with in reasonable time, it is not at all improbable that the Commission now investigating tho scheme may report favorably upon it to tho Government; and it odds to tho probability of its acceptance that, if successful, it is in con sononco with Russia’s ideas upon the Eastern question- 43,401,095 1,176,830 1,065,676 .*103,421,775 Tho official veto of Indianapolis last Tues day was as follows: Total Republican volo .10,613 Democratic vole C,ldo Workingmen's vote.. 233 Scattering.., 13 Grand total XfI,OCO Republican majority over Democratic vole 4,333 Last spring the total vole woe 17,767, and tho He publican majorities on city officers ranged from 480 to 1,337. Notwithstanding all the excitement and ef fort put forth by both sides, the total vote falls short of that cast one year ago by 800. Last spring tho Republicans polled 9,407 votes and tho Democrats 8,2G0 votes. Tho Sentinel on tho morning after the elec* tion filled most of a page with assertions that tho Republican triumph was wholly duo to stupendous repeating on tho part of tho negroes! It calls tho result “a victory of shame.” It groans thusly: The citizen* of tho Stale at Urge should not be de ceived by false report* of a Republican victory and great gain in Ibis city yesterday. There wsa open corruption of the ballot-box by armed negro repeat ers, by fraudulent voters from other places, and at least 6,000 Illegal votes wero cast, [Bosh I] Tbe vic tory is one of shame to tbe Republican party, and all the docent men of that party feel humiliated at the dastardly outrages their party loaders organized. Thor wero confident of losing the election on a fair teat. They bad polled tho city and could approximate tbo result. It was then they conceived tbe plan of having tbe negroes take tbe polls. They blrca men to per jure themselves by the hour in swearing in tho negro and wtUto repeaters. These were surrounded by their friends so that they could not bo arrested. The ne groes bad been Inflamed by incendiary appeals, and when they went to work they could not be called off. It is a sufficient answer to all this absurd bosh that tho illegal voting of negroes could not have reduced the Democratic vote, al though it might have increased that of tho Republicans. The Democratic vote is 2,080 short of what it was one year ago, while tho Republican is less than 1,000 greater. Tho result simply shows that several hundred Democrats, utterly disgusted with tho mis conduct of their own party in.local and na tional matters, voted tho Republican ticket, and several other hundreds, who had left tho Republicans on tho Tomperanco question aud other side-issues, have returned to their par ty; and, lastly, that nearly 1,000 disgust ed Democrats stayed away from tho election and refused to voto. The ohargos made by tho Sentinel aud Gov. Hendhioks ogainst tho negroes are not only false but foolish. Tho poor blacks are only too well satisfied to bo allowed to vote onco unmolested and unmob bed. Tbo idea that tho Democratic Irish of Indianapolis stood by all day looking at tho Republican negroes going around repeating without taking a hand at their favorite game U too preposterous for belief. Let Gov. lleh dbioks and bis organ toil that story to tho marines—the Irish, at least, will never be lieve it. The woos of Barnet Caulfield oro fast Increasing, and rapidly making him an object for public commiseration, without regard to race, color, or previous condition. First, Mr. Bristow sat down upon him then n lunatic sat down upon him; thou Jounnt Davenport not only sat down upon him but rolled over him, in Jounnt Davenport’s “way"; and now comes the majority of his own Commit tee and sits down upon him in a manner so emphatic that it quite took away his breath. Tho occasion of it was thlst Little Jounnt Datknpobt still being under examination, Mr. Conors, of the Committee, asked the witness several proper questions, to which Mr. Caulfield took exceptions, making most strenuous objections to each. Finally Mr. Caulfield objected to the questions being answered unless tbe Committee decided it by vole, whereupon the Committee decided, by four to three, that the witness should answer the questions, Barnot squirmed as tho Committee sat down upon him, and growled, 11 Well, yon trill soa whore this thing will load to now.” Babnst has boon floored so ninny times by Little Johnny Davenport that he onght to ho good authority on what it will load to, but now that ho has lost tho conildonco of his own Committee, and novor hod tho confldonpo ovonofhis own constituents, dt would Boom that tho most appropriate movo for him now would bo to closo out tho investigation bus!, ness and rotire to that obscurity In which Our Oinisß is just at present so conspicuous. Ex-Gov. Ames, of Mississippi, In his testi mony boforo tho Senate Committoo of that State, malms some statements which Demo crats will not bo disposed to liho. 'With reference to tho last oloction ho states that tho population of Mississippi Is about 850,. 000, —tho blacks exceeding tho whites by 80,000, At least 09 out of ovory 100 of the blacks are Republicans, and tho legitimate Ropublican majority in the State is from 25,000 to 80,000, and yot at this election tho Democrats carried the State by over 80,000, tho result being accomplished by fraud and violence. Tho lowest estimate made by tho most moderate Republicans of murders com milled to carry that election has been put at 800. In his interview with a reporter of tho Now York I’imes, Gov. Ames throws sorao light upon Mr. Lamab's consistency. Ho says: Lamar makes very different speeches In Mississippi from those be delivers for tba Northern market* While the Republican papers of the North are glad to publish bis speeches In Congress on account of their liberality, the Domocratlo papers In Mississippi are. afraid to publish hla speeches in that State on account, of their bltterncsa. lie made the most vituperative speeches during the last campaign, and ho owes hla election as United States Senator to that fact. He ex plained away hla eulogy on Somnxq aa being a politi cal necessity,—to give the South a bearing in tba North. Dabxsdalk, the moat bloodthirsty Journalist and moat InOuentlal Democratic politician In klUaala alppl, la bis chief supporter. Tho climate of Hayti does not seem to bo particularly conducive to good temper, and the concentrated bad humor of that hot blooded nation is generally levied at the office-holders. American experience will cor. tainly not justify any great condemnation ol tho direction which Haytien ill-humor tokos, though there may bo some moral compuno4 lions about indorsing the summary taking* off of these gentlemen. Wo can scarcely imagine, however, that there is any such extensive class of office-seekers in Hoyti os in the United States, for it is as much os a man’s life is-.worth there to become Presi dent. Every President is assosiuoted as a matter of course; but, as he has generally attained his place by assassinating some one or more of his predecessors, he has no par ticular right to complain. Tho lost reports from Hnyti show only one President ’ killed that day ; but that was two or three weeks ago, and it is probable that there ore now os many ghosts of recently-slaughtered dig. nitarics stalking about tho country as tha bloody Richard saw in his dream. Hayti evidently would not bo a very good abiding place for politicians of tho Colvin stripe. The first protest has beon made against tho bill introduced in tho French Assembly by M. Waddington with reference to tho regu lation of educational matters in that country. It comes from tho Archbishop of Paris, who addressed the Congress of Catholio Commit tees which recently held its session in that city. Ho denounced tho bill as an organized effort to destroy Catholio schools, and claimed that its author and advocates sought to deprive Catholics of tho little (!) liberty they had formerly enjoyed in educational anil charitable movements. The Archbishop, however, had not tho grace to touch upon tho points at issue, namely, the efforts of tho Church to control tho Stato through educa tion, and its attempt to retain political a? coudency by keeping the people in ignoronca Tho whole object of M. Waddinqxon’b bill it to offset tho centralization of power in Park by promoting popular intelligence. ‘The onlj way, therefore, in which this bill could do stray Catholicism would bo by the dissemi nation of education. The Liberals in tho British Parliament haven’t yet got through with the Royal Titles’ bill, and have given notice that tin votes which gavo it n majority wero cast un. dcr a misapprehension of the moaning and effect os explained by tho Government. Disnanu shows no disposition to shirk the fight, nevertheless, and has fixed next Thurs day as the time for discussing this attempt to reopen tho case. The advices are that he docs not propose in any ease to forego his advantages, and that, oven if tho discussion goes ogainst him, ho will take It os a vote ol censure, and not as an expression of a lack of confidence. lie evidently has no idea of ro* tiring, if ho can help it. ABOUT BILVEB. To(htE<WorofTh* CMtaQO Tyituns/ %. Fulton Ouuntt, 111., May B.— lf by an act of om National Legislature now markets could be opened or old ones enlarged for any one of our' staple produc tions, it would bo universally acknowledged oa tnacl of wua statesmanship. Why, then, does The Tuiduns and aomo others think it wise to contract the market for ouo of our largest productions, viz., silver, by Joining England and Germany in demonetizing it,— thus contracting tho market and reducing tbe price of one of our most valuable productions T This is a sort of conundrum that wo can't solve,—perhaps you can. If the old average standard of relative value (15# to 1) has been permanently changed by our large present and probable future productions, wby not so change our silver coinage so as to make it 10 to 1, thus making it tquat to gold 7 Guanoes. Reply i Our correspondent baa mistaken tbs views of Tub Trujunb on tbo allvor question. Tbo “ detnonetlzatiou ” of silver in thU countrj took place as long ago ss 1653. Previous to (bat time silver and gold coinage were both a legal-tender for tbeir nominal value for any amount. Tbo sudden increase in tbo produc tion of gold and tbo more than ordinary supply increased tbe relative value of allvor and de creased that of gold, Tbo consequence was that our silver coinage, which had a weight of 412)$ grains of 000 Oneness in tbe dollar, and a proportionate wuightin tbe minor coins, bod a greater value in gold as bullion than it bad as fotn, and was therefore exported ae fast as coined. The valuation at that time was 10 ol silver to lof gold. Congress then provided by law, Feb. 21, 1859, tbe discontinuance of tbe coinage of silver oo private account, and re duced tbe weight of tbo half-dollar from 200)1 grains to 192 grains, and the smaller coins in the same proportion. This made the sliver coins worth more as coin than as bullion. Dy the same act silver cessed to be a legal-tender ex cept for sums not exceeding £5. Tbo standard weight of tbe eilver dollar was not changed, hut its coinage was discontinued. In tbo codifica tion of tbe laws in 1878 all tho coinage acta were reduced to one, but no material change was made in tbe matter of silver coinage. ’ • Biivor has now fallen m its relations to gold far below the value it bad in 1853, and conse quently tbe coinage is worth lens, compara tively, than was provided for by that act. Tub Tribune baa urged the renewed coinage of tbe American dollar at its old standard weight of 412>$ grains, and that it be coined continu ously until it shall take the place of all other currency, including all bank bills of small de nominations, and that it be made a legal-tender for at least 930, to start with. As we have shown, the demonsUzaUoa of sitter took plaoe

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