Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 8 Mayıs 1876, Page 1

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 8 Mayıs 1876 Page 1
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VOLUME 29. TO RENT* Besirie Offices TO BENT nsr xhb TRIBUNE BUILDING. mQtrmn OF WILLIAM 0. DOW, Boom 10; Tribune Building:. to le-jEnsTT- The atom and large floor* lately occupied by Strong Furniture Company, MO and 268 Wabaah-av„ well adapted for any business requiring large amount of room. Apply to WH.O. DOW, fl Tribune Building. FINANCIAL. 7 Per Cent. We offer 3100,009 In from on* to four loans at SEVEN xr rent. Cash <ro band for several email loans, item £oMto*VK»“ at 0. BOUDDER k MASON. ** ' 107-109 Dearboro-st. MONEY «t low rates on Mortgages, Bonds, Warsbouto Be* ealnts and Bents, by ¥ LAZARUS SILVERMAN. Banker, Chamber of Commerce. GENERAL NOTICES. HTOTXOE, CITY TAX DISCOUNTS. THE SAFEST INVESTMENT FOB /OUB MONET IS INTfOUB OWN TAX ES. especially when you nan get a SAND gokITDISCOUNT. The City of Ohloago will, nt any time before May 30, 1870, bor row from persons owing Oity Beal Estate faxes for the year 1876, the amount of auoh taxes, allowing two (3) per cont discount, and will issue youohors therefor wnloh may bo used at onoo, or bold until the owner Is pre pared to pay his other taxes. By order of the Mayor and Finance Com* dittos. Apnly to _ . „ a . B .HATES. o^^^ VINEGAR. Celebrated for Its Parity, Strength and Flnyor. Warranted to Kmp Pickles. W« Guarantee It to be entirely free from Sulphuric ArtJorollierdeleterL outuutulancp, with which Jfo*t Pinegor la RduUcnled. for (ale Hr alf Grocers. Largest Vinegar Works n the World. jJlab. 1818. B. L.PUUSSINO&CO.. Chicago. OCEAN NAVIGATION ONLY DIRECT LINE TO FRANCE. ThoUeueral Traniatlantlo Company's Mail Steamers between Wow York sod Havie, cabins alPDinnuih (U. ji.j it/> iu« ia.iUiugo. paaaenaers. Tbssplendid vessels «n ibis favorite route lor the Continent (beta* more southerly than any other), will saU Irom Pier Ho. -lit, North lUfor.aa lollowss «AL) Saturday, May 13 LABRADOR, Ssngller ?!*!s AMi-ItUIUK, P” dm, MayS7 A PRICK I OP PASSAGE IN GOLD (Including wine). First cabin, tllo end 8120. according to acooiumodaUonj iCßoud cabin, 873 t third. $«. Return ticket* at rodnssd rau>«. Steerage 8% with superior seeonmooauons. In cludluS w*n (*, toidm*. and utcnalltwithout axlra enarse. Steamers marked thus • donot carry steerage pasaeoinrs. UiUISDs'iICDIAN. Agent, 66Bro*dway,N.Y. 4 tV. F. Vi 11ITR, No. 87 Clark-at,, cur. Uaudolpn, Agent for Chicago. STAR BALL LINE. DOTTED STATES k BRAZIL MAIL STEABISIIirfI, Bolling monthly fromWataon’s Wharf, Brooklyn, N. Y. For Para, Pernambuco, Bahia, and Rio Joacrlo, calling at Bt. Johns, Porto Rico. . .. JOHN DRAM ALL, 2,500 tons Monday, May 15 J. U. WALKER. 2,700 ton* Thursday, June 15 NELLIE MARTIN, 8.000 tona . .Saturday, July 15 Passenger accommodations flrat-clasa. For freight and paaaage, at reduced rates, apply te J. 8. TUCKER k CO., Agents. 64 Pino-aL, New York. STATE LINE. " EW t TbNDo™!ainV? Ul,Lra ' Those flnt-olae* full-powered steamers will sal) from Pier No 43. North niter, loot o( Canal-*:., New York: , BTATK off VIRGINIA .Thursday, May 4 bTATK OP INDIANA. Thursday, May IB STATE OP PENNSYLVANIA Thursday, Jons I Indetery alternate Thursday thereafter. Pint cabin, •CO, S7O, and Q 80; return tickets, 8120. Heoond cabin,B(si «turn ticket*, 890. Steerage at lowest rate*. Apply to JOHN K. KAULB. No. 60CUrk-«U, Chicago. NORTH GERMAN LLOYD. The steamers of thla Company wiD sail every Satur day from Bremen Pier, foot of Thlrd-sL, Iloltakon. Rates of paaaage—Prom New York to Boulbampton. London, Havre, and Bremen, Aral cabin, 1100; second cabin, S6O, gold; steerage, S3O, currency. For freight or passage apply to OBLItIOIIS k CO., 2 Bowling Green, Mow York. National Line of Steamships. NEW YORK TO QUEENSTOWN AND LIVERPOOL. KOYPT May 181 ENGLAND JuoeS THEQUEEN Slay 97i SPAIN June 10 yon London max or. HOLLAND ‘May 17. at 19 neon Cabin passage. |6oand 870. currency. Return tickets at reduced rate*. Steerage tickets. s2s oumnoy. Drafts tor £1 and upward* on Great Britain. _ A ___ Ajdlj to P. B. LARSON. * v r 4 South Ola A-st. Great Western Steamship Line* From New York to Bristol (England) direct ARAGON, flymen* Saturday, May 6 COHN WALL, bumper Saturday, May 30 Cabin Pauise. 8*0: laUrmediato, 845; Steerage, 880. Exeurtioo ticket*. SI3U: Prepaid Steerage cerlliloatos, U 4. Apply tu WM.F. wIUTE,€7 Clark-st, UletUgaa central lUllroad. PROPOSALS. Myerdsing Proposals for Keeping Bnoys. Orncß or Lioht-Hodse inspeotoju HLBTKNTU DISTRICT, > Detroit, Mich., April 10. 1878. ) Separate seslod proposals will be received at this offlee until IX o'clock, nuon. on Thursday. June 1. next, lor rslaln*. replacing, and keeping in their nreper position* oil the buoy* low placed, or required, in toe following ehannels, and for marking the following uamed obsUuo- of St. Clair Flats. 3. bagtoaw Bay and River. . _ . . , 9. Green Bay. including tba bneyt in Book Bland laasoge. at Point Peninsula, Rsoanabe, Hone bbue leef. Pooiaukeo Hhoal; all buoys In Sturgeon Bay; the bnoys marking tbs eotraaos to and la the Fox River, VfU., and two buoys marking entrance. to north Bay, Lako Michigan, Wls. Also, care of and keeping lanoil. tlon tbs plies marking Whale's Back Hbunlaiad Fertilise D At mouth of Grand Hirer and la Lake Muskegon, Mich, b. On the Reef off Calumet. 111. 6. On iholteef off lUcirie, Wl». 7. On tba Reef oS Sheboygan, wis. , v „ 8. Hault Bte. Marie, from Detour on Lake Huron, abora and below the Canal, (o and Including the mid dle ground buoy o(f Round Island, l*ke fauperlor, aud such other* lea tnay-bo authorised, (or one year from the Ist day of Julr nest to the succeeding SOth day of June, according l« the regulations of tbo Light House Board, eoplus ot which caobo had by applying at this offleo. All bids must be earolully sealed and indorsed "Pro posals fur Keeping Uhom.'' and then placed iu another envelope, aud addressed for dulirory In person,, or sent, prepaid, through tho malt to tho undersigned. , . The right to reject any or all bids, or u> waive dofecU. If it is deemed for the interest of tho Government to do •0, is reserved. .... , By ordvr of the light House Beard. W. P. WcOANN, Commander !J. 8. N., Inspector Klcventh Light-House District. CORSETS. of Imitation* I fIIOHSOS'S PATEST OLOVE-FITTINC WEB. each V.'EL OOIMET o|, Hlnutpsd ‘•THOMSON" VfflKTv VnJjJTJ ANU bACII with peiiVct THAU 15- M| Y fflsf FIT. Jlifflv KaitaSK fIIUMSON'S "i J, lUfR K«rjr Udywha Glmo l'iltlng xjffl (V| irln ftVr b« worn th«a nruth» most vf M lilJil ii’vifl *I%T Hcoininondi SEffrSsSHI- \mr brkxA: bss-uss ® ado 7 . nt*ng corowU. (anucepr our razum tod nurbunettlyu oouiblo. lio sur« to net tha (oauloe. . „ ... _ . \ NOVELTY—Tttwu*oo« P*l«n» Solid FaiUdlds rapped Oar»o* btoaU., They aro uabreakable, aad UjiU {>>\tulnit< da not abrada the drat*. , Vur .sle by itrel.olaas daalert aftrywhera. THOMSON, LANODON ib CO., N. Y- Bolt liiportai* and P*U«Um let Uu 0. 8. TO} t TO}ltaoo Palls EARLY CHICAGO. John Wentworth's Second Leclnre Before the Sunday Afternoon Society. The First Historical Recogni tion of Our Oity. Foil-Lists of the First Elec tions—The Earliest Tax-Lists. Hnnting Up the Records of the First Families —The Three Survivors, The Original Irishman ot Chicago—His Successor in the Mexican War.' How They Amused Themselves in Those Primitive Days. Dances at the Lake House*—The Donation Party—-At the Post-Oflice. Got, Ford's Introduction to the Uses of " Regrets 1 ' —An Illinois Beception. Porion Hinton’s Lectures on the Devil —.Baptisms in the Lake, Experiences with Irredeemable Cor reaej—Michigan Lands and State Bonds. Tracing Up the liquor-Tioheto The First Blacksmith—Ferryman and Freaoher. IA NOTABLE EVENT, BZTTNION OF OLD SETTLSBS. The Bon. John Wentworth’s 100 tote at McCor mick's Hall yesterday afternoon on “ Chicago’s Men and Manners " proved to ho an attraction to many of cor citizens, sud to noue.was it more interesting than to the old settlers and their de scendants who camo to listen to the records of those early days In Chicago’s history. It waa Indeed a gathering of the representative people of Chicago, including men who havo been iden tified with the city, and the town even before it attained the dignity of a city, from 1820 to tbo present time. The prime object of Mr, Went worth's lecture was to arouse a greater degree of interest in the subject of historical research as particularly directed towards the history of Chicago, and if the old Bottlers present will add what they know of early Chicago to what Mr. Wentworth had to say, and present their recollections to the public through the medium of the press, the Fire will have utterly failed to destroy tbo history of the city. Ou the stage wore seated perhaps the larg gost representation of the oldest settlers of Chicago over gathered together. Among those present wore Mrs. John Calhoun, widow of John Calhoun, who started tho Democrat in Chicago in 1833; Mrs. Robert A Kinzie, daughter of Mayor Wbiotlor, and granddaughter of Col. Whistler, who built tbo original Fort Chi cago in 1804; the widow of Gen. John D. Beau hion, who was a resident in 1820, and bis son, Alexander Bosubion, born heio in 1821; Mark Beaubten. who witnessed tho surrender of Qeu. Hull at Detroit, in 1812, and who came to Chi cago to live In 1820; tho widow of Archibald Clyboorn, who voted herein 1820, and3l persons in all who were here before tho city waa incor porated: seven ex-Mayora of the city.—Ray mond, Morris, Haines, Boone, Milllken, Ram sep, and tho orator himself ; tho Mayor-elect, the Hon. Tnom&s Hoyne ; Col. G. 8. Hubbard, who was hero in 1818. Besides these there wore present Samuel Hoard, O. V. Dyer, 8. B. Cobb, J. W. Eldridgo, Hon. I. N. Arnold, A N. Fullerton, J. 0. Rue; Socrates Rand, Grant Goodrich. E. H. Mulford, Willis Scott, J. M. Van Osdoll, A B. Sherman, A D. Taylor, Frederick Tuttlo, 0. McDonnell, Hibbard Porter, E. K. Rodgers, Philo Carpenter, James A. Marshall, L. O. P- Freer, A. Huntington, Charles Follansbee, William Wheeler, George Obacksfleld, Col J. M. Warren, John Dale*, Tothlll King, J. 0. Good hue, Jr„ L. O, Uuguntn. Stephen F. Gale, U. O. Blune, E. 8. Prescott. Ezekiel Morrison, Robert Fergus. J. K. Botsford, A G. Burley, James Couch, W. 11. Clark, V, A. Dover, W. D. Snowhook, William Locke, George W. Stowe, J. J. Richards, D. 0. Swell, James B. Bradwell, Robinson Tripp, I*. P. UilUard, and the following widows of old citizens; Mrs. William H. Drown. Mrs. Henry Rhine*, Mrs. O. W. Snow, Mrs, Stiles Burton, Mrs. George Msnlerre, Mrs, George Davis, Mrs. Irs Couch, Mrs. John Murphy, Mrs. Obsrles Taylor, Mrs. Dr. Drlnkarhoff, Mrs. ox- Msyor Sherman, Mrs. P. L. Opdyke, Mrs. Thomas Church, Mrs. W. B. Egan, Mrs. Jacob Russell, Mrs. J. B. 7. Rowell. Dofore Mr. Wentworth wms Introduced to tbs audience Ur. IT. D. Lioyd, President of tbe Sunday Lecture Society, road the following report of tbe operation!: In dosing tbe Sunday Lecture coarse for the season tbe Executive Committee of tbo Sunday Lecture So ciety wish to make public, as in former years, a state ment of what tea been done. The Society haa been In existence three years. It was formed in March, la7f, for tbe purpose of giving tbe people h rat-cUes lectures at coat price on their only day of leisure. Three courses of lectures have been delivered, and each sue ceedlug season baa given more lectures, baa been bet ter attended, and baa presented more speakers of high grade than the preceding. Tbe idea of Sunday lecture* haa grown In favor with the people, tbe press (which bu reported many of tbe lectures in full], with lecturers, ard with the churches. The character of tbe audience* is such that the best lecturers have said that they prefer them to any others they address. No attempt bu been made to Rive any direction to tbs topics discussed, and to reach any particular class of people. The plat form Um been entirely free, sod tbe audiences have represented all parts of society. The first course delivered in Wall's Hall, on tba West Hide, comprised ten lectures with an average at tendance of l#. Tbo aeoond course delivered in Klugsbun Hall Included twenty-four lectures, with an average attendance of 815. The course Just closed began Oct. U, 1876, ended May 7, 1870, was given in McCormick Ball, the largest auditorium in tba city, and has bad an average attendance of 1,800 persona. Tbe largest attendance waa 2.639. Tbe first course reached in all I,'dW persons; tbe second, 10.200, and tbo'preaeut course. 41.8-0. The lecturers hive been men and worneu foremost in the Tanks of pisi form educators. Among them were Robert Collier, Julia Ward Howe, W. U, Emerson. Hustn U. Anthony, Moucuro I>, Conway, Joaquin Miller. Edward Everett lisle. Mine. Lcouoweus, I’hebe Coutlm. Frederick Douglass, James I’mrtuu, Prof. Hummer of Vale Col lege. Win. Brose, Bayard Taylor, X'roi. I*roctor, Hor ace White, Prof. Colbert, Henry Vincent. A. I*. Bur bank. and John Wentworth, Tho success of tbe pres ent course was achieved in tbe face ot some serious disappointments. A winter of unusual uuhealthiueea lucavaclUtod soma of the most popular speakers engaged. Charles Dradlaugb, who was to lecture here exclusively for tho Sunday Lecture Society, John O. Hsxa, Bret Harte, Henry Watlersou, and Carl Bcbuns were all employed, but were unable to fulfill Ibelr engigo ments, and the receipts of the Hocioty were propor tionally effected. Tbo Treasurer of tbe Boclsty, Ur. William Mac doucli. makes tbe following exhibit of Ua financial condition % To cash on band at commencement of pres enkaeiaon ~. % 439.05 Becelved from lectures... 4,100.83 Ezrgaom'BEi. Paid lecturer* Paid for rant, advertising, postage, elo, ToUl a 11.119. M L«4Tiog»bAUac«olcwhoaluado(.»Mt,»i 4W.W From ths «Urt the Society has paid Its own mr, bee asked end received no contributions of toy kind, end ii tree from debt. None of |U officer* here received anv remuneration in eny form. Lett fell the Sodety mede to effort to here the 'Art# Oellery of the Exposition Sundays et 19 cents per rliitor. It did this believing that * gallery built on ground belonging to the people of Chicago ■bould not be abut to the people on their one day of leisure. The Society's offer to bosrsll the expenses and giro aU the proms to the ExposlUoa was, however, declined. je success of the Chicago Sunday Lecture Society led to the formation of other similar societies. Berersl series of Sunday afternoon lectures, two of them given by churches, have been In successful operation In Chicago during the past winter. Bt. Louis bas s Sunday Lecture Society which has done well. Milwaukee has auch a society, which bas bad a most gratifying anoceea. To Ur. E. A. Williams, its Secratary, we aro indebted for a statement which •hows that In Its first season ths Milwaukee Society dk -*"*a twenty-nine lectures, with an average et tendirfee of wt, . z.'i ah aggregate attendance of 17,3V>, persons, The receipts from lectures wore |J,061, The lecturers were paid *1,070, and then Is a balance on band of *104.08. The parent society of an then*. the London Bunday-Lecture Society, la a flourishing Insti tution, and has boon In oneralloa since 1809. Its charges make a discrimination In regard to seats, coating, respectively, 1 shilling, 0 pence, and 1 penny. It was thought bet ter by the Chicago Bodsty. tod those formed upon its model, to make a uniform price of admission to all parts ot the house. The London Society la largely supported by contributions, la which respect it differs from the Chicago Society. The above report shows what bas been done In the out. The funda in the treasury of the Society will enable It to provide next season a scries of lectures by the beat speakers obtainable, and every effort will be made to give the public an opportunity to hear the questions of the day discussed In the ablest manner. The Society submits this statement of It* operations to the public, whose sup port has made It lueceeeful, with earnest thanks for Its appreciation and encouragement, and with the hope that the suceeaa of the Chicago Sunday- Lecture Society may lead to the formation of many ■lfflllar aocletlea throughout the country. USWBT D. LIOTD, For the Executive Committee.* Tbs orator wu Introduced by Mr. Mark Beaublen, a representatlva of the French people who held the Northwest before the cession of America to the Brit- Ish by the French. As Mr. Wentworth stepped for ward be wu greeted with hearty and prolonged ap £lame, which wu renewed at frequent intervals dur ig the progress of his exhaustive essay. THE LECTURE. 07 INTXBEBT TO ZVEBT CITTZBS. One ysartgo I gave a lectors at this place, as I then stated to you, “with a view of exciting among oar people a spirit of historical research which would resalt in recovering lost news papers and documents, and placing upon record the experiences of our early settlers." 1 bad no ambition to figure as a lecturer, or as abletoriao. 1 waited until tbo regular lecture course was finished. The proceeds were given with pleas ure to the Committee for the employment of men more at home in the lecture field, as the proceeds of this lecture will bo,—eucb men as pass six months in preparing oue, two, or throe lectnros, and pass the next six months in deliv ering them. As this la tboir eole means of liv ing, it is right that they should be well paid for them; and it is one of tbo noble objects of this Association to furnish you, at an hour when you have no worldly pursuits nor religions enter tainments, for 10 cents, what other people on a week-day pay from fiO cents to a dollar for. I can think of no oilier object that would havo brought me before you with a written lecture. 1 felt that tbo duty peculiarly devolved upon mo, and I performed it with pleasure. There are scarcely half a dozen persons, habituated to public speaking, who were bore bo fore the oity was incorporated. I was solo con ductor of a public proas for twenty-five years lacking a few months. It seamed proper that I should load off iu this important matter. THE ' * CUICAQO DEMOCRAT " was commenced on tho 2Gth of November, 1833, by the late John Calhoun, whoso widow now re sides in this city. Augustine D. Taylor, now living tu this city, saw the press landed; nud Walter Kimball, now living in this oity, was a visitor la the office, and saw tho first number printed. That paper fell into my hands in No vember, 1830, and contained not only a history of current events, hut also a vaet amount o( Information touching the early history of the entire Northwest. It is a sad reflection that tho same Urejvhicb swept away my files, also swept away thono of every out oiso, and all our public records. Bat there aro copies of tbo Chicago Democrat scattered all over tbo Northwest, as well as of other papers and documents that will be of service in restoring our lost history. No per son shoulddestroyanypapors or documents of a date prior to the fire. If tbereisnoono who wants them, let them bo soot to mo, and I will tako care of them until our Chicago Historical Society becomes reorganized. Our old settlers are fast passing away. Some of tho few remaining have very retentive memories. Let them uot bo dis couraged because they do not romombor dates. It is facts that wo want; and by comparing them with other evonte, tho dates of which wo know, we can in time obtain tho exact dates of all of them. 'Whilo so many of our old settlers have passed awav, there yet may bo remaining among their effects old papers whoso valuo tboir legal representatives do not appreciate. Many old packages have been given to me with tho remark (bat thoy did not see of what uso they could ho to me. One widow scut me eomo pieces of newspapers, which tho mice bad kind ly spared, with tho remark that sho was ashamed to bo sending tho old trash to any one; but from them (nets enough wore gathered to save another widow from being swindled out of her homestead. When I lectured before, it was a matter of dispute what was TUB NAME OF TUB FIRST STEAMBOAT that ever came to Chicago, and who was the person in command. She cams to bring the troops for the Black Hawk war in 1832, and brought tbo cholera with them. Ail that waa known for a certainty waa the place where they dug the pit in which they moat unceremoniously plunged the dead bodice. Thai waa remembered because it was the alto of the old American Tom* perance Uoiibo, northwest corner of Lake street and Wabash avenue ; and many old settlers ro* membored that from tbo fact that they always paesod by the Temperance House on the other side, and so could read the alga. The river and lako water, which we had to drink iu those days, was considered unhealthy. I made a statement as to the name of that boat, based upon what 1 considered the best authority. But when I had finished, a gentleman came upon the stage and gave mo another name, claiming that ho helped fit out the veryvessolat Cleveland, and I changed my manuscript to correspond. But some of the reporters published the statement as 1 delivered it, and thus two statements wore before the pub lic as given by mo. Tons different persons, anxious to assist me iu re establishing the landmarks of history, had an opportunity, by quoting tbe one state ment to provoke discussion by insisting that the other statement was true, when tboy really did not know any moro about the matter than I did, and had perhaps consulted only one authority, when 1 had previously consulted many. Out a lady, In looking over her old papers, found, whore she least expected it. a Chicago Democrat dated March 14,1881, containing a letter from Capt. A. Walker giving a history of the whole expedition, showing that both statements wore correct. The United titatos Government chartered four steam ers to bring troops and supplies to Chicago, and their names wore the Superior, Henry Clay, William I'eun, and Sheldon Thompson ; hut the Superior and Henry Clay wore sent back when the cholera broke out on board. Cape. Walker says that when ho arrived at Chicago, (u July, 1842, there were but fivo dwelling-houses hero, three of which were made of logs. There are other old newspapers yet to be found settling ques tions equally as interesting. All must admit that there bos boon moro said about the history of Chicago, and moro nn poitaut publications made, the past venr than over before. Booksellers inform mo that they have had within the past year, a greater, demand than iu all time before for all works ap pertaining to the history of the Northwest, and that they have had, all the while, standing orders for such works as are out of print. Amt It is to encourage a still further research that I address you to-day. And if the result or this year’s researches is not satisfactory, 1 shall fee! mvseU in duty houud to address >ou again iu a rear from this time, Many aged vettiora liayo thanked me for bringing them into a higher ap preciation. One octogenarian hdy informs me that, for tbe past fifteen years, wbeu auy young company came to tbe house, she was expected to leave tbo room, After my lecture, ehe esid the caw a gentleman approaching the boost, and she left (he room as usual. Bui .$1,674.30 . 2,345.63 CHICAGO, MONDAY. MAY 8,187 G. aoon her granddaughter came oat aod said. "It ta you ho wants.” Ami this *« the first gentleman caller she had had for fifteen yearn. When eho entered the room. »nJ he told her be wanted to inquire about early Chicago, she fait aa if her youth had come again, ana eho told the others that it was their time to ieavo,th» room. Bbo Haiti, "Ha has been to see raesn times, and hae printed nearly all 1 said, and thore ta oot another moniucr of our largo family who ban ever aaid a word that wan thought of sufficient Importance to bo printed; ao'i uow I am thinking over what I know about early Chi cago, and lotting the newspapers bare it." Bho observed with groat force that (he young folks were ooontantlv asking tier bow she used to got along amid early privations, and oho Instated that, if I ever lectured again, I should assort that the early settlers of Chicago were the hap piest people in the world, as 1 believe ther veto. .But a strict regard for the real historical pur poses of this lecture will permit mo to allude ooir Incidentally to oar early sources of enter tainment. WE ARE APT TO SPEAR OP CHICAGO AS A JfBW CITTT. , But tt is not so, compared with the great mass of other cities m the United States. Takeout Detroit, Cincinnati, BV.'Louis, aod Now Orleans, aod what is there older, iu the date of its incur- S oration, In tne West extending to tho Pacific ? ut when our city was organized wo bad no Pacific possessions save Oregon Territory, which we then owned in common with Great Britain. Tho future historian of America will not. bow over, take into consideration tho dale of our In corporation. The ancient Homans were In the habit of aating events from tho foundation of their citr. But “ Urbs coodita" or" Chicago concilia *’ will never be a reckoning point m our city’s history. Even in this assembly, there are not as many who know in what year our city was incorporated as in one of our public schools there are children who can spoil Melchleodoc, not withstanding modem politicians have kicked from tbe puollo schools tho Book that contained the eighth commandment. From Washington’s inauguration, In 1769, to Chicago’s first Mayor’s tuauguratton, In 1837, wo have but forty-eight years, a period of time that tho future historian of America, when speaking of Chicago, will not notice. But a res ident of Chicago was not elected to Congress until 1843, aod yet ha become associated not only with men prominent under eveiy Adminis tration of tho United States Government, and many of them born before the inauguration of Washington, bat with some born even before tbe Declaration of Independence, and two. at least, before the tea was thrown overboard in Boston harbor. John Quluoy Adams was boro m 1787, and he was accustomed to tell ns that among bis earliest recollections was the bearing the report of the guns at the battle of Bunker Hill. Benjamin Tsppan, Senator from Ohio, was born in 1773. Then there was EEKUT CLAY, Secretary of State while John Quincy Adams was President, United States Senator ae early as 1806, Speaker of the Uouee m 1811, bora In 1777, nine mouths after the Declaration of Id* dependence, and one who could collect a larger crowd and disperse It quicker and iu better humor than any other mao who over lived in America. X shall never forget mr last Inter view with floury Clay, and ite description is appropriate to the history of Chicago. Our harbor was suffering tor appropriations. Provi dent Polk bad vetoed thorn all. A change of dynasties had boon effected. Millard Fill moro was tho acting President, and he was a warm friend of our harbor. It was iu tbo spring of 1851. Too Harbor bill bad passed the house, and was sent to tbo Senate at a late dav. and the controlling spirits bad managed to keep it book until a etill laior day. Tbo Southern Senatois, under tbo loan of Jefferson Davis. spoke against time, declaring tbo bill unconsti tutional. Chvv dul all that man could do (or us, but in vain.- Our bill was titled to Ueatu. Clay came on with us to Now York City, to tako a steamer for New Orleans. As the vessel was about to sail, wo went on board to take our leave of him, and wo all expressed a hope that tbo noxt timu he returned home he would go arouud bv the lakes. Ho replied. *• I never go where tdw Constitution does not go. llenco I must travel bv salt water. Mauoyoar lakes Constitu tional. Keep up tbo war until your lake harbors got their deserved appropriations, aod thou I will come out ami see you.” Wo finally got tho Constitution out hero, but not until after Heury Clay had paid tbo debt of nature. Then there was John 0. Calhoun. Vico-Prosi dent whilo John Quincy Aduma wav President in 1b25 \ a member of Congress in Ittll; Secretary of War when tho reconstruction of our fore was completed in 1817 ; born in 17811 tbo year be fore Great Britain acknowledged our indepen dence. Uo said his name came once very nearly being associated with Chicago, as tho new fort bad boon completed while ho was Secretary of War, and it was suggested that it be called Fort Calhoun. But ho did not think it right to change the old name which hud been given in honor of Gen. Hoary Dearborn, who was Secre tary of War when the Urst fort was bn It, in 1801. Official documents tell us that, in 180 J, CAVT. JOU.V u. Will ST LEU, then a Lieutenant at Detroit, was ordered here to build the fort, that his troops came by laud, and that he. with bis family and his supplies, came room! by tho lakes In the United titatos schooner Tracv, with Dorr for Master. This probably was tho Atst sail-vessel that over come to Chicago. 1 can think of no business that could havo brought one hero before. This Cant. John 11. Whistler was father of Col. William Whistler, who died in 18GH, and was so favor ably known by our earlv settlers, and who was father-in-law of the late Itobert A, Kmzio, of this city. Bosidos. there was Judge William Wilkins, of Pennsylvania, born in 1772; Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, born in 1762 ; John J. Critten den. of Kentucky, bom in 178 C ; and Judge Le vi Woodbury, of Now Hampshire, born in 17M2. Then there were three men whose names are IdeutiAed with the history of the West. There was Lewis Cass, born in 1762, appointed, in 1813, Governor of tho Northwestern Territory, then embracing Michigan, Wisconsin, lowa, Min nesota, and all west. And William Woodbridge, born in 1780, appointed, in 1814, Secretary of the same Territory. Those gentlemen wore walking histories of the Northwest. Then there was Thomas H. Benton, bora in 1782, Senator when Missouri was admitted In 1821. who made his Arst trips to Washington on horseback. Add his knowledge to that of Messrs. Woodbridge and Cass, and wo havo a complete history of the en tire West. Many now before mo will remember the patriotic lecture bo delivered hero in (ho spring of 1857, npon the approaching crisis to this country, about a year before Tils death, probably tho beat lecture of his life. Nor should I fail to mention Con. Henry Dodge, tbs An thony Wayne of bis period, born also In 1782, one of tho Arst Senators from Wisconsin. A single member of Congress, and tho Arst one elected from Chicago, was associated in Congress with two members who served m Frobidout Monroe's Cabinet, one in President J. Q,- Adams', three In President Jackson’s, one in President Van Boren's, live in President liar-, riaon's, four in President Tyler’s, four in Presi dent Polk's, four in President Taylor’s, seven in President Fillmore’s, four in President Pierce’s, Avo in Psesldont Buchanan's, and six in Presi dent Lincoln's ; embracing a period of American official history from 1817; and some of these men were boru before the tea was thrown over board in Boston harbor. For some years after Chicago elected her first member of Congress TUB WIDOW Ok PBBSJDENT MADISON gave reception# at Washington, and on the Ist o< January bur guests were shown apartments where were suspended drosses which she bad worn upon all groat occasions, including tho re ceptions of X’residents Washington, Adame, Jef ferson. and her husband. James Madison was uut only a member of tbs Continental Congress, but also a moinuor uf the Amt Congress under the Constitution, aud so continued during the terms of Washington's I’lceidiucy} and was Heorotary of Htate under Mr. Jefferson's Admin istration. Ho this In ly bad bud amplo upnor tmnty to know tbo customs of every prodding period uf out* Govorumeuitl history. Now. if bor heirs bring out i hi*»o drosses for tbo Contou nial (she bad no children), tbo pubbo will bo astonished at their remarkably small number, she not bavmg bad, in over a quarter of aeon tury, wbat tbo wile of tbo average oilico-holder uf thoso days will have in a singio year. Thou there was the widow of (Jen. Alozandor Hamilton, tlto ceutidunt u( (lon, Washington in tbo Jtovolutiou, and lim Heerotarv 01 tbe freua nry, who was killed in a duel by Aaron Burr. Hbo was bum in 1767, and died at Washington in 1951. Hho was sjlicitlug Congress to aid her m publishing hor husband’s works. lilwco.iti tell all about uor latlier, uen. i'lullo Hmuyl-ir, of tuo.Amoiioau ilovoiutim; the personal appjar anco of Ueu. Washington and ui hjs lad-'; ail of almost all other public poisons uf iholtovolu tloaarv period. Id fact, when you eost your Aral member of Congress to Washington, all so ciety was redolent with scones of tbe Itovolutlon ary petiod \ aod here in our midst were moral i’.CTolatlouary soldiers j and cue, father David Kooiston, who claimed to have beta one of the party who threw the toa overboard la Boston Harbor. Von will excuse mo for digressing from tfc.e direct purpose of tons lecture if 1 here state to you.that since i commenced writing it, 1 have received A LETTER FROM AN OLD OOLLEIOCS IN OON nness, who was boro ths same year Great Britain ac knowledged our independence, 1733,—as it will probably be the last opportunity that many of you will ever have of hearing a letter read from a man now living who is older than our Govern ment; I allude to the Hon. Artemae Hale, of Bridgewater, Mass. Ho is the oldest ox-member of Congices now living, in his 93d year. Do you want to hear wnat tbs veteran saya ? My health, conildertnj my age. is quite good. Out my Ume for taking any active part la public mitten is JtiL Still, however. I feel s deep Interest In (be wel are and prosperity of our beloved country, and am pained to bear of the corruption and frauds of so many of our public mea. It appears to me that it Is of the highest importance that our circulating medium should b.vo a fixed aud permanent value, which It cannot have but by a special bad*. I ahourl bs very much pleated to receive a hslter from you, with your views of nubile matters. 1 answered bis letter In one word. “ Amen !’* Thun you will see that our history laps so closely upon tbe Revolutionary period that there is no precise point at which wo can say that 'Chicago began, unless it be in 1832, when the marching of the troops of Goo. Scott to Rock Island, on tbe Mississippi, called attention to tho fertility of tho soil and the beautiful loca tions west of us. We often hear of dilforeot men who have done nmch for Chicago by their writings, their speeches, or their enterprise. But I have never hoard of a man who hae done more for Chicgao than Chicago has done for him. God made Lake Michigan and tbe country to tbe west of it; and, when wo come to esti mate who havo done tbe most for Chicago, the glory belongs first to tbe enterprising farmers who raised a surplus of produce and sent it here for shipment, and second to tbe hardy sailors who braved tbe storms of our barborless lakes to carry it to mar ket. All other classes were the incidents, and oot the necessities, of an embryo city. Chicago is but tho index of tho prosperity of our agri cultural classes. And to this day we hear Chi cago mercantile failures attributed to the ina bility of farmers to get their produce to market when the roads are iu a bad condition, If we pass by tho Impetus given to the agricultural development of the countrv west of Chicago by the Black Hawk war of 1832, we must admit that wo are passing into the bi-coutountal period. , What did Chicago know of tho Declaration of 'independence, tbeßevolutiooary War. tho Peace of 1183, or the inauguration of Washington, un til years afterwards ? It is probable that Capt. Whistler, when he came here to build the fort o( 1804, brought to Chicago tho first information on these subjects, and probably bad to employ an interpreter to explain it. It was probably bis Chaplain who made the first prayer for the Pres ident of the United States and all m authority ; aod his vessel that first Heated the Stars and Stripes on Lake Michigan. But them were prayers hero 200 years ago, and a flag that did not denote our national independence, bus French territorial aggrandizement. 1 have need mv best efforts to flud TUB EABUEBT BECOOIfITTOH OF CHICAGO bv auy official authority. Charlevoix and other French writers make mention of the place, but I cannot find that the French Government in anv wav recognized It. After tho Canadas wore coded to Great Britain the whole Illinois o <uo ttv was placed under too local administration of Canada bv a hill which passed the British Par liament iu 1906, known as the •• Quebec bill:” but there is nothing to prove chat the Canadian Government took auv official notice of this pUco. It may be interesting to know wbat was religions liberty iu those days. At the period of the change of Government from Che French, under (he treaty of Paris in 17611, Thomas Qsgn was Commandot-ia-Chicf of tho British King s troops in North America: and in 1761 he issued a proclamation authorizing tho Homan Catho lics of Illinois to exorcise the worship of their religion in the same manner as they did in Can ada, and to go wherever they pleased, oven to New Orleans. Iu October, 1779, tbs House of Burgesses of Virginia created tbe County of Illinois, appoint ed John Todd, of %Coutucky, Civil Commander, and authorized all the civil officers to which tbo Inhabitants bad been accustomed, to be chosen by a majority of tno cltizooa of their respective districts. From this we should iufer that there wore tboo sottlomonts somnwhoro in the State. Bat 1 can And nothing of Chicago while wo be longed to Virginia. The late William 11. Brown, of this city, to a lecture before our Historical Society in 1805, said: “The French inhabi tants of Kaekaakla m 1816, the year in which I made mr rceldenco there, claimed that that vil lage was*founded in 1707. There were evidences at that tune (the remains of former edifices, among them the Jesuit College) that their chronology was substantially correct." In 1788. Qon. Arthur St. Clair became Cover noroftho entire Northwestern Territory', and was the first man to till that position. Hie seat of government for Chicago people was then at Marietta, 0. In 1700 ho came to Kaskaakia (some writers say Cahokia) and organized what is now the entire State of Illinois into a county, which he named for himself. Besides this more were but two counties in the wbolo Northwest ern Territory—the County of Knox, embracing Indiana, and tho County of Hamilton, embrac ing Ohio. But there is nothing to show that Chicago at that Umo was known to the civil au thorities. Besides consulting all tho early writ ings upon the subject I have corresponded with ill tho men in the country who I thought would know anything concerning it- And 1 cannot And any one who has any authority for stating that there was our official recognition of Chicago UNTIL OEN. WATNB’S TUKATT, made at Greenville in 1725. In which he ac quired title from the Indians to a tract of laud, C miles square, at the month of the Chicago Blvor, where a fort formerly stood. Greenville la m tho southwestern part of Ohio, in Dark County, upon the Indian* State line. There is nothing to show that, at (bat time, Gen. Wayne came any farther West, no; even oa far ae Fort Wayne, although bo appears to have had tho same knowledge of the Importance of the posi tion of Fort Wayoo, as ha did of that of Cmca go. Why the fort at this place, referred to, was built bore, and who built it. 1 bare not been able to ascertain. As the French and Indians woro a 1 wave allies, tboro is no reason whv the French should havo bnilt such a fort. It may bo that it was built bv one of ibo tribes of Indians to de fend the-place from some other tribes. But. offsetting tradition against Gen. Wayne's official recognition of a iort hero, it may bo that tboro was a tnoro trading and storuge-buiiso, sur rounded by pickets. Tho prevailing impression ts that such was tbo character of all those places called fons prior to tbo abdication of tho Ficnch authority. Col. Garden 0. Hubbard, our ©ldeal living settler, who was boro in 1818. favors this idea, and has reminded me of an almoet forgot ten, but at one time extensively received, tradi tion, that this old fort, or paUssdcd ttadiug- Eost, was on the West Bide, upon the Noith rft ocb, near where Indiana street now crosses it; and it woa erected, or st least was at ono time occupied, by a Frenchman named Qario. and hence Ibo tradition that our North Branch was once called “ Uario’s Biver." There was a powerful chief of tbe Illinois named Cbicagou. who went to Franca to tho year 1725. The Hon. Sidney Breese, who set tled at Kaskaskia in 1818. who was in the United Senate six years daring mr service in Congress, and who still honors our Supremo Court, is the best informed man in Illinois history now liv ing. Ho writes mo: 1 know of no authorised recognition of Chicago aa a place on this globs anterior to Wayuo’s treaty. X havo a ropy of a wap, which 1 mads from oue In the CongreMtonal Library, which I found among the vi pers of President Jorfertou, mado In li>SA; in which U a place cm the lake shorn, about where your city now Is marked •• Chlcagou; " and Father Louis Vivlar, who w!is u priest ut Kaskaakia lu 1752. in a letter to bis Hunerlor, says: “Chikagou was a celebrated Indian chief, who went to Pans, and the Duche«s of Orleans, at Versailles, gave him * splendid snuil-bji, whieu he was proud to exhibit, on his return, to hU brother | redskin*." Hume have contended that our city was named from him. Hut Charlevoix,*m bis History of New fiance, gives us that name au caily as 1(171, in which year, he says, a French voyapeur, namud Nicholas I’orrot, went to Chicago, at the lower end of hake Michigan, where the Miami* then wore. This was before father James Marquette came here. TUB TIttATT Or attEBMVtLUS, at tbo time onialJorc I of no otner nupnrUuce than os settling our diflimUioa with tho Indians, .tiierwuid* btea ae a matter of verv serious Im poitancd iu ih<» iOtnoiußUt of *>uv dltU-.'UUios with Great iimaui. elide the treaty of tjhont wse buiu*r negoliatoJ lu Idll. When the Com* miattouia nwt, the AawiieiiM *ero surprised by the British Commissioners demanding the recognition of that treaty as tbe basis *of nogo* tutious as to tho western boundary of the Umled fatales, Toe British at first refused to negotiate except upon the basis of (bet tresty, and Indued upon the entire sovereignty end In dependence of the Indian Confederacy. They claimed (be Indians m their allies, and consider ed themselves bound to protect them Id tbelr treaty, it will be remembered that the Indians bad, for a long time, received annuities from the Trench Government, and that these annuities wore continued bv Great Britain after the treaty of cession in 1703; and that, after our Indepen dence was acknowledged by Groat Britain, (bo Indians annually sent delegations to Canada to receive these annuities. During the pendency of these negotiations, it waa ascertained that (here had been an alliance, offensive and defen sive, between the celebrated Chief Tecumesb and the British authorities. After dlucnrslog the matter, ana finding the Americans peremp torily refusing to acknowledge the sovereignty of tbo Indians, the British Commissioners pro posed that tbs United States and Great Britain should exercise a Joint protectorate over the In dians, and consider all tbo territory not acknowl edged to belong to the United States by tbs treaty of Greenville as embraced witbio that protectorate. Tbin would have Jeft tbs 6 miles square at the mouth of tbo Chicago River in a permanently Indian country. The West would have boon situated similarly to Oregon, which was so long held under the Joint occupation of Great Britain aod the United States; and the Joint occupation would have been the same as in Oregon, a division of tbo territory; a part of it, nerhaps including Cblcago, being attached, iu the end, to the Canadian provinces. The British Commissioners were so pertinacious on this sub ject (bat it was thought at one lime (bat negotia tions would have to bo given up. And wheu the British Commissioners dually yielded, the British Government received the bitter curses of the Indiana. DILLT CALDWELL, better known in Chicago ae Bauganatb, who lived here several yean after I came hero, and was well known to me personally, bod been tbe intimate friend of Tocnmaob, and declared that if Tecumieh bad been living be could bavo aroused all the Indians la the Northwest to a general warfare upon t&e Canadian Betllements, in retaliation for what he considered tbe treaeb cry at Ghent. Caldwell, to tbe day Of bia death, insisted that Tecamsob. not long'before ko wab killed, predicted that the British in time would abandon them, and seriously meditated, during tbe war of 1812. upon going over to tbe Ameri cans with all bis forces. Caldwell was Ibe son of an Irish Colonel in tbe British army, sta tioned upon tbe Detroit frontier,Jwbose name be bore. His mother was Tecumeeb's own sister. Ho ultimately went to bis tribe at tbe Pottawat omie Reservation in Shawnee County, Kan., and died there. When tbe Illinois territory wae a part of Indi ana. our scat of ROTornmont was at Vincennes. When it wae sot off from Indiana, in 1609. the whole territory was oigsnizod into two counties, Bt. Clair and Randolph. Judge Brooso. whose borne was in Easkaskia in 1318, informs me that bis home was never in the same county with Chicago, being in, tbe southern County ot Ran dolph. Prom St. Clair County, what is now Cook County, was set off in the new County of Madi son ; thence lu the new County of Crawford; in 1619 in the new County of Clark; and so little was then known of the Northern couutrv, mat the act creating Clark County extended it to tbe Canada line, in 1821 wo were sot off in tbe now Couuty of Pike; in 1823, In tbe new County of Fulton; and in 1028, in tbe new County of Poona. 1 have not ouly caused tbe County records of those counties to be examined, but bate also corresponded with their earliest set tlors. and 1 can Hud no allicml recognition of Chicago until wo roach Felton County. The Cleik of that County writes mo that the earliest mention of Chicago m tbe records is the order of an election at the term of tbe Fulton Cuunty Commissioners' Court, Bept. 2, 1823, to choose one Major and county ollicers, runts or cmcAuo to be opened at the bouse of John Kinzie. The returns of this election cannot bo found, if they were ever made. As the county wae organized in 1823. this, of course, was the diet election un der the organization of the county. Tbe aama Court ordered, April 27, 1824. that Hie Sheriff, Abner Gads, be released from paying the money lax collected at Chicago by Itoussor. In those days, tbe Sheriffs wero ox-ofllcio collectors of taxes. The name indicates that our Tax-Col lector was then a Frenchman, or a rolxed-btcod French and Indian. It seems that they bad de faulters in those days, as well as now. It would bo a gratifying historical fact if we could know bow much this man Rouaser collected, as show ing the tlnauciai resources of our population at that time, when all tbe real estate belonged to the General Government. Tbe numerous fol lowers of this man Roussor bays shown tbetr in gratitude to the founder of their sod by their failure to erect any monument to bis memory, or to name after him a street; a school-house, or a fire-engine bouse. These Roiißsorites are get ting to ho a numotous body of men, and their motto is. "Keep what you collect." One elec tion ami one steal are all tbe records of Fultou County show for Chicago. Tho Clerk of Peoria Couuty writes me that bia earliest records commence March 8, 1625. From these records I learn that John Kiuzie was Com missioned Justice of tbo Peace July 23, 1825. He was tbo first Justice of tbe Peace resident at Chicago. Alexander Wolcott, bis eon-m-law, aod John B. Beaubieo, wore oommiesionod Bent. Id of tbe same year. I have also TUB ASSESSMENT-BOLL of John Li. Bogordus. Assessor of Peoria County for tbo year 1825, dated July 25. which is as fol lowa : Tax-Payera' Name*. Valuation, T»x. J. lleaubien, Jolin B fl.eOO SIO.OO 1. Cljrbourue, Joan... tf-’S 6.35 3. CUik, John K U«> %ta 4. Crafts, Jobu 6,OW> W.M 0. Clormoot, Jeremy 100 1.00 0, Cautra, Louis. 60 CO 7. Ktliue, John 000 6.00 g. Lsfrombolsu, ClsnJe.... 100 1.00 0. Lufroraholie, Joseph 00 60 10. McKee, David W }•»> 11. I'lcbe, Toler 1W 1.00 l*i. uobimoo. Alexander 2‘*o 3.C0 13. Wolcott, Alexander Cl 3 M 3 U. WllomeUOuUtueUc), Autolua 100 1.00 The entire valuation, land then being not tax able. of all the property in Chicago, wm $9,017. and tha rate was 1 per cant. But tbo property of tbo American Fur Company was assessed to John Crafts, its agent, at $5,000. He was a bachelor, and died tbo next vear. and Mr. Kinzlo was appointed tu hie place. Deducting the American Fur Company’s assetament, we have oolv $1,047 os tbe personal property of Chicago iu 1825, $10.17 aßllue,tax, and thirteen ae tbo number of tbo tax-payors. The Clerk sent mo a copy of two poll-books need at Chicago—one at au election hold Aug. 7, 182 G. oontaluinc thirty-five names \ tha other at au election hold Auk. 2. 1830, containing thirty two named; lime showing a decrease of three , votera m four years. L will road you tbs named of OCR VOTERS IN 1820. md yon will eeo that only ten of tbe fourteen taxpayers ia 1825 then voted t I. Augustin Bsnoy. } It), Peter Junlo. a Henry Kelley. 19. J. Baptiste Lafortime. 5, Daniel BourttMO. ] ‘/J. John Baptiste Malon. 4 Cole Weeks. I 31. Joseph Pothier. 6, Antonio Oullmette. I 33. Alexander Iloblnson. e. John UsptUte Becor. 33. John K. Clark. 7, Joseph Cade. 34. David McKee. B, Benjamin U, flett. 35. Joseph Anderson. », Uislle DUpUUe*. Vfl. Joseph Pepot. 10. F, Ltfrombolse, Br. 37. J. BsptUlo Beanblen. U. F. Lafrotnboise, Jr. 33, John Klmie. 13, Joseph Lafrombolse. '-3. Archibald dybourse. 13. Alexander Laront. .Vi. Billy Caldwell. 14, Franc-la Laducler. 31. Martin Vunalcle, ]9, Peter Olutcllle. 33. Paul Jaiuboux. 16. Claude UfromnoUe. 31. Jon»e CJylwunie. 17. Jeremiah Clatrmoce 34. Kdward Ament. (Clermont?]. 06. Bamuel Johuatoa. 1 will now read yon tba names of OUtt VOTXBS in 1830, showing that only throe of the fourteen tax*pay» ora of 1825 thou voted : i Ntei>hL>n Bcott. IT. Btcpbea Mack, i* J.MAjesubieu. 1120. |». Jouatbao A. Bailey, 0. liecu Uourasseo. I l ’* l«x4udi>r MoDole, * H It Lniiflilon. .'(i, John H. 0. Hogan. «* Ji “• walker VI. David McKee. 1*36. «* M e ,l :>r J U.Brailblen. 33. Billy Cal dwell. 18JS, 7’ j lUptlxto Chavollca. 3*. Joseph Thlheault. u Jiqm Klurlo. *4. Peter tri<me, y’. uusacll B. llMOJck. W. Mark in James IJr.iwu, 3d. At rtln, ll'J UfrmnPdue, lU.’6. 3T. J. Baptiste Kecor, IMJ. w* John L. D*vli. 34. Joseph Banakey, 1.1 William Iwo. 3J. Michael Welch. h' John Van Horn. 30. Francis laducler,lßW. in) John Moran. 31. Houis Osudsy. m David Van Baton. ' I 33. Percah Deder. U ih n remarkable commentary upon the flok- Icutfsa of our population, that only six of the man who voted in 1820 voted iu 133 d; and these alx were b»U*broeds or Government employes, fatbst Joan Kloxie, however, died between tbe two elections. upon the Utb of Jeuuaryi 1628, cued 66. But there were some not voting at the second election, auob as tbe late Archibald Oly bourne, bis faiuer Jonas, and b»lf»brother, John K. Clark, who ended tbelr days with us. The half*breeds and French' who aid not vote may have been away on a booting and trading espe* NUMBER 258. dlttoo. The voter* (n 1630 sesm to have under* stood their true interest, betas dependants upon the fort, sa every 000 of tbera voted the Ad* ministration ticket, John Quincy Adams then being President. If there wore ever three men in the United States who electrified the whole country with tholr fiery denunciations of tho military power, thev wore Preai dent John Quincy Adams, bis Vice* President. John 0. Calhoun, and his Secretary of State, Henry Clay. Neither of the three ever forget Oon. Jackson! It wonld have seemed malicious, and yet quito pertinent, on the pari of the Chicago member of Congress to have asked either of these gentlemen whether It was not a singular fact that, white Mr. Adams was President* the people of Chicago unanimously voted with the fort! Mnlau Edwards for Gov ernor. Samuel it. Thompson for Lieutenant- Governor, Daniel P. Cook for Congressman, the Administration candidates, each received thirty five votes, being all thsro were. The mneb complained-of military power of the present day has never secured to great unanimity In the colored vote of tho South. Put, FOUR TEARS PATER, IN 1830, when Andrew Jackson was President, there was a material change m the politics of tho place. John Reynolds, the Jackson candidate for Gov ernor, received twenty-two ont of tho thirty-two votes cast. Of the nix who voted at both elections, and who voted for the Adams candidate in 1826. five voted for the Jack son candidate in 1830; showing tholr consistency by each time voting with the Administration, or more properly with the fort. Billy Caldwell, the Sauganaeh, the nephew of Tccumsoh, voted the Jackson ticket $ while Joseph Laframboiso, a noted Indian chief, stood out and voted against it. Perhaps Gen. Jackson, in soma of tho early Indian ears, had caused the death of soma of Lsframboiso’a relatives or friends. Up to 1843, we had the viva voce system of voting in tho State of Illinois. Each man went un to tho polls, with or without a ticket in his hands, and told whom he wanted to vote for, and the Judges ao recorded It. But in those cays the masses knew as little whom they were voting for as they do new. For the judges often road off the names of candidates from the tickets, and tho voter would nod his head. Thors was no chance, however, for stoiHug the ballot-box under tho viva voce system. It may account for tho falling off of tho vote between 1826 end 1830, that some person* would not vote tho Jackson ticket, and yor . disliked to voto against tho fort. There were - four of the Laframboiao family voting in 1820, and'holy one in 1836. The names of voters in 1826 indicate .that fall throe-fourths of them were French anil' half breeds. Tho judges in 1826 were Father John KStizio, the late Gen. John B. Bcaubtoa, and Billy Caldwell. Tho clerks were tho late Archi bald Clyboarue sad his half-brother, John K. Clark. The election was hold at the Agency House, in Chicago Precinct, Peoria County. The Agency House was on the North Side, and was the second house built in Chicago. Mr. Kinzie’a being the Aral. The Indian Agent was Dr. Alexander Wolcott, who died in 18J0, eon-in law of Mr. Kinzie. Tho election of 1630 was bold in the boose of James Ktozte, Chicago Precinct, Fooria County, This house was on the West Hide, near tho forks of the river. The Booth Bids had no status at tuat time, there being nothing then on that sido except the fort and light-house building, and tho log booses of the two Boanhion brothers.—ono residing at the lake shore, and one near tho forks of the river, with each a marsh between, that, much of the time, their moat convenient way of visiting each oilier was in boats. Tho judges at the election of IS3O were Bus sell E. lleacoch, the first lawyer who over cam 3 to Chicago. Oon. <lobo B. Bcnublau. one of tho judges in 1826, aud 'James Kinzie. Tho clerks were Mud>rd J). Boanhion, well known in this cuy, now principal azent of tho Pottawatomie trioo of Indians at Silver Lake. Bawnco County. Km., and Jeaso Walker- Tue names of voters in lb3o indicate n large influx of the Anglo- Saxon race ; but among thorn was one Irishman, probably Tins first irisiwah who ever trod tbe Chicago suit. The first thought that occurred to mo was, What could bring an Irishman out hero all clone ? Who was to help nlra celebrate Hi. Patrick's Day? Who was to attend tils wake ? Ilis name was Miohaol Welch. What bavo our many Irish Aldermen been think ing of that they have never given no, in honor of their llmt settler, a Welch avenue, a Welch street, a Welch ucbooMiouse, or a Welch fire engine ? The next thought that occurred to mo wae, What could ho bo doing out hero all by himself ? Now. what would an Irishman na turally do whou be found himself bore nil alone, hundreds of miles distant from any other Irish man ? He was a bugler. He blew bis bom. He was a discharged soldier, and, having faith fully served out bis time, bo stopped long enough to vote the straight Jackson ticket, aod then joined Capt. Jeaoo Brown's Rancors and then marched on to clear the Indians out of the way of lus coming countrymen, who were al ready aroused by Ins bade « blast, as bis patron Bt. Patrick, centuries before, bad cleared tbo snakes out of lus way in tbo lond of bis nativity* Capt. Jesse Brown was a brother of tho Into Judge Thomas C. Brown, of our Supremo Court, and was authorized by President Jackson to raise a company of men, who wero called ••Brown’s Rangers." and was ordered to report to Gen. Stephen W. Kearney, ou tho Western frontier. There is a prevailing impression that Irish men never go anywhere exeunt in squads. But tbe biatory of tbe American Continent will prove that Irishmen bavo ventured as far aioue upon hazardous explorations ae any other men. But be dislikes to stay alone. Liko the bouoy-boo, when bo finds a good thing be wants sumo others to come and help him enjoy It, My orig inal Congressional district extended north to the Wisconsin Hue, west to the Rook River Val ley, south so as to embrace Princeton, LuSallo, Bloomington, Urbans, and Danville. I had to travel ail over this district with a horse and bugirv, ami visit the sparse settlements. 1 often found an Irishman cultivating tbo soil aioue. But when 1 made a second visit, 1 found some more Irishmen there, or else tho original one bad gone. Gov. Winthrop, of Boston, in bis Journal under dsto of ICI2, tolls us of ouo Darby Field, an Irishman, who could not rest contented after bia landing InAmoricauntiibe bad climbed to the top of tbo White Mountains. Ho was tbe first mau to ascend Mount Washington, and when asked why be wont, replied, •• Merely to take a look at tho country I" Too oflicial dispatches of one of tbe battles of tbe Mexican War commended tbe conduct of PRIVATE HULUVAW. of one of onr Chicago regiments. In the bat tie, he had advanced before hla company, en gaged In a single combat with a Mexican oilioor, and killed him. 1 called President Polk’s atten tion to the report, and oeltod for flnllivau’s pro motion. ilo referred the matter to tho Adjutant- General. Time passed along, and no appoint ment was sent tu the flooate. 1 called upon tbe Adjutant-General, and he road me a letter from Htiilivan’s superior officer, commending his courage and general Rood conduct, but strongly proioatJugagaiuathls appointment as Lieutenant in tbo regular armv on account of hta deficiency in Weal Point education. I appealed to tbs President, and it did not take long to satisfy him that good lighting iu war-tuna would counterbalance ail deficiencies m education, and Hullivan was promoted, gome time after the close of tbo war, hla fsthiir called upon mo, said ho had not beard from his sou for a long time, and wanted mo to find him. Many of you will remember the father, Jeremiah Sullivan, at one time Justice of tha Peace,—a tall and well-proportioned gentleman, with as prepossessing agonoial appearance os any gentleman who walked our streets. 1 wrote to Washington, and received for answer that BulUvan resigned his Lieutenancy at the close ot the war, Inside the official letter was a note marked “ private and unofficial,” “Tell Sulll vau’a father to read the news from Mexico. 1 Inctose some scraps from a Now Orleans news paper, and the Col. Sullivan therein mentioned is reported to bo the late Lieut. Sullivan of the regular army.”' florae time afterwards, an offi cer of the army gave mo the following account: After the close of tbo war with Mexico, some of tbo officers were tarrying late at dinner, when J.lent. Sullivan entered, and was saluted with “ Will you join u», Lieut. Sullivan? ’ “Col. Sul livan. if you please, gentlemen,” was tbe reply. Whereupon one of tha ofiicors said. “It will not surprise ut at all it you are Cob Sulllvau. If your killing that Mexican was of so much ac count as to put you on au equality with us who have studied four years at West Point, and have seen considerable active service, a little per sonal favoritism might carry you stilt higher, and make you a Colonel. Why, Lieut. Bulfivau, if you should kill another Mexican, those poli ticians at Washington would make you Com, monder-ln-Chlof I ' “Gentlemen,” said Bolh* vau. “it is business that brings ms hare. Hers is mv commission ss Colonel in too Houcaa revolutionary army, and now you know my au thority. And now, here’s my business in thU paper, which I will read.” He then read a napAi authorizing and requesting him to employ j

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