Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 8, 1876, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 8, 1876 Page 2
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2 wmpelent engineer upon bin «*aff. The officers rnroinclcrl Jura that they know nothin* or the fare of the Mexican <joun»ry, bad no maps, know not his route, and insisted lint they could bo of uo service to him. •' You do n.t understand mo. gentlemen," ropllod fiitllivan; “It is not for wlmt I »m going to do that 1 want any of your ftMinlanco. I only want you to map it out after I liaro dono it. You aro always talking about your military boliool. and wbal you have studied, and the liko of yon will bo at school hereafter, and thoy will want to atudy Sullivan'* llotito to tha Capital of Mexictf? and If over I abould uo Emnlrcr, whom would 1 want for Secretary of War but my own Enamour?" Knllivan »ot out upon hla march with uo ono to map out but route. Ho penetrated regions where no man bad ever been before. Ho caiuo out of forests where men loaat expected him. He appeared to bo everywhere, and the inhabitants could make no calculation where bo nos not. They cither all joined biro, or lied before him. Ho bad ev erything bin own wav. nnill, in hla efforts to join the mam army, ha found himself iu tho fortified country, Hero ho mwsed hla ooptnoor and hia military education. Ho was wounded, taken pnaoncr, marched Into the I )aza, a bullet pierced hie heart, and that wan the last of hulli* rau. But It Just took a Chicago Ineh boy to teach tho Emperor Maximilian bow to die tho death of a Bolder some twontyyoara afterwarda 5 and Sullivan bad aa much right in Mexico aa Blaxmilion. . . There aro 07 namea open tho two voting-lists of 1825 and 1830. Six voted at both election*, Icavinp 01 different names, which, with the four on tho lax-list of 1825 who did not vote at either election, constitute tho g 5 from whom our first families aro descended. And an there may bo some pride in after years in tracing one's connection with Otm MUST FAMILIES, tho real Knickerbockers of Chicago. I have ta ken some pains to obtalu interviews or hold cor respondence with such of them as might bo Jiving, and with the descendants of such as aro dead. Of a vorv targe proportion of thorn 1 can obtain no knowledge whatever. I ehall publish ail their names, and at some future time shall publish « bat 1 have ascertained, or may hereaf ter ascertain, of tholr history and of their uo icondants. When it was known, iu 1830, that tho Friuco of Wales was to mako Chicago a vis it. ono of onr society mon suggested that it was my duty, os Mayor of tho citr, to soleci about o bundled from our first families and give tho Frinco a ball. I asked him to give tho names of the hundred from tbo first families. This ho laid ho was unwilling to do. 1 hhU-iI him then to give mo tho names of oven ten of o ir first families, meaning, of course, nine I’-'-i hk his own. This hn also declared him-elf unwilling to do. But if, at any future time, nnv om* of oar eoclotv men should wish to ms'.e .a party from'ottr firet families, ho may dom e M«mo as sistance from thi* lodine. At this limo 1 think am-but throo of (hose voters living. Ouo I- Me-I.vtd B. BeaoWon, ion of (he 1 do Gen, Jdm I*. LDanbtan, of this tiiy. now tho leading man maong tho Pottawato •ni’o Indiana, iu Kansas. Ilia second is n\»u> h’kee. dost |ivin>: Bear Aurora, 111. Ho was born In Virginia m ihOi), and went to Cincinnati when a young man as a bhckstnUli, Bailor the treaty of inado with tho Indians by Gou. Cana hils.M, tho Government was to Loupe blacU boro, who nas to work exclusively for tho Indians. Col. Benjamin 1). Kurcliival, tboa In* diun Agent, aflcruaids a prominent citizen of Detroit, went to Cincinnati and employed Mc- Kee to come boro in that capacity. UcKoo reached Fort Wayne, and there waited lor a guide. At that time tho onlr mail Chicago had tvaa a monthly ono to Fort Wayne. Ha did not walk long before tho exploring oxpi-ditiou of Maj. Stephen IX. Long reached tliat place, and bo accompanied it to Chicago. Turning to tbo history of that expedition, by Pi of. William 11. Keating, of tho University of Pennsylvania, I find that ardors were issued to Maj. Long April 25. IH2J. for him to commence at PbilaJolpLna, tbetico to proceed to Wheeling, thence to Chica go or Fort Wayne, tbonco to Foit Armstrong or Dubuque lead ’mines, thence up the Mississippi to Fort St. Anthony, oto. Tho expedition reach ed Ftr; Wayne May 20, ISzX and Prof, Keating speaks of the fort then there as elected in ISM mi tho Kite of the old fort, tho location ot which had Leon designated by non. Anthony Wayne after his victory over Uio confederated Indians on the 20th ot August, 1791. winch gave rise to iho treaty of Greenville Id the follow mg your. Tne Professor save also that tho expedition fortunately mot ut Fort Wayne tno express sent from Chicago for let ters, und obtained him nn guide. They loft Fort Wayne May 29, lbd:i. Their cavalcade ounslatod Of seven pon'oiiH, including tuo soldier mail currier and a colored unvuni; und tlioy had two horses loaded with provisions. Uu the sth of Tuno they reached Fort Dearborn. Chicago, hav ing been eight days in traveling the distance of 2lfi mites, an average of 27 miles a day, their distance exceeding the initial allowance by 1(» miles, in coniiuqnouco of their circuitous route to avoid llio Elkhart llivor. Tbs railroad tram now leaving hero at 9 a. m. reaction Fort Wayno at 2p. m. Tho post at Chicago was abandoned a fow mouths after the patty reached It in con poquonco of tho rapid extouaion of tho whito population westward and tho establishment of a chain of military posts along tho Mississippi Uivor, rendering the continuance of tho force hero unnecessary. An Indian AgonhDr. Alexander Wolcott, undo of our present Couotv Hmvoyor of the same name, remained boro, to keep up imicablo relations with tho Indians, and to at tend to their wants, daily becoming greater in consequence of the increasing scarcity of came. Fort Dearborn was nut occupied by uoidiora again, except temporarily in transit, until 1892. when tiio Black Hawk troubles broke out. When Ur. MoKoo camo hero there wero hut two houses; ono belonging to John Kinzie, tho other to his son-iu-law, Dr. Alexander Wolcott, tho In dian Agent,—Mr. Kluzio’s having been built first. Both houses wero built of lugs, and lined with cedar nam. Tho third house was built by Joseph Pothior, a Frenchman, und one of tho voters here in IS2C, and who until recently was a resident of Milwaukee. Ho married an In dian half-brood, brought up by Air. Kiuzio, ami was striker fur Mr. MoKoo in tho blacksmith shop. Mr. McKco was married by Mr. Kiuzio, at Mr. Kinzio's bouse, and ho built tho fuurtn house. All four bouses wero on tho north side of tho river. ; Tho inhabitants wero soldiers, Frenchman in tlu> employ of the American Fur Company, and Indians. When tho fort was not garrisoned, and tho fur-traders wero in tho country making their | urch&sos, tho Indians constituted almost Iho outiro population. In 1827-Mh. Mr. MoKoo carried tho mail onco a mouth to Fort Wavno, As his Indian pony had to cany tho mail-bag and tho blankets for him to sleep upon, ho could not car r y corn for tho pony and pr.ivisiouu for himself. Ho drovo tho pony in front of him, and cut down an elm or basswood treo for tho pony to browse upon during tho night. Ho car ried a gun with which ho killed tho gamo for his own food. His roulo was from boro to Niles, Mich., tbonco to Elkhart, lud., and thcuoo to Fort Wavno. His average trip from this place to Fort Wavno was fourteen days; tho quickest Umo ho over made was tun days. Gon. John MoNiel, ono of tho heroes of iho battlo of Luudy's Dane, commanded tbo fort when Mr. McKco camo to Chicago. Soon after his arrival, a sailing vessel, called tho Heartless, undertook to ontor tho mouth of tho river. iau ashore, and was beached in tho sand. They tried to cut her out, but uho went to pieces. Abouto year thereafter tho first vessel entered tho haibor, and anchored opposite ttio fort. It was tbo United Htatos revenue-cutter Foirplav. When wo speak of tbe first vessel coming to Chicago, there w always a confusion between tbo vessels that anchored outside and tbo ves sels that actually camo up into tbe river. It is claimed that this United Htatos rovonno-cuttor Faliplay was tho first ono to actually outer tho river. In 182(1 thoro camo boro a sailing vessel, called tho Young Tigor, to outer iho river, hut ibo anchored out in tbo lake, slipped borcablo, sad wont ashore. Mr. LU Buell, now residing In Clinton County, lowa, near Lyons, ugod 75, claims tbatbu wu« pilot and uaviuator on tbo schooner Aurora, Capt. Titus, that cams to Chicago in 1820 or 18‘il: but be leaves tbo question unsettled as to whether or uot be came up into tbo river. Tbu steamers which brought boro tbe troops of Oen. ticoit, in 183‘i, bad to anchor some distance out* side. Tbe persona claiming to have been upon tbo flnt vessel that passed over tbo Chicago bar and came up into tbo river aro even more numerous than those claiming to bo descendants of tbo persons who bad tlto first white child bom in Chicago. 1 will uot discuss ibis matter now, as tbo mass of you care less about those who bad tbo first child than you do about those who aro to bavo tbo next ouo, and wuat is to become of it. The third mau now living who voted in Chi cago Precinct, Peoria County, in IrfJd, is oar well-known follow-citizen, Manx nLAi.niEX. Ho came bore in ln;;d, to visit his brother, John ti. Dsaubieu, who was sn employe of tbo Amer ican Fur Company, and who lived in a log* bouse near tho lake-shore, near tbo mouth of tbe river., ou lbs South Hide. Mark returned to Detroit, and brought his family here, and built him a loog-bouso, fronting tbu river, on wbal Is known os tbo “ Old Wigwam Lot,” cor ,ner of Lake and Market streuts; it boiugat that tune the only dweliing-bousu ou tbo Honth Buie, except but brother’s, ilo constructed it for hotel purposes, and, when tbe Indian Chief Baaguusb Juarued bis design, bo told Uai (bat Inuncaus named their Uriels after nig men, wd mtM bua wuat fed was going to call it. Mr. B-anblan took the hint, an 1 said. “ I’ll call it Sauganaebl " A few years afterwards hn built a larpo addition to it, which was tho first frame-houso built on tho South Side. It was in this house that I look mv first meal, on mv arrival boro in 18:!!!. it hemp then kept bv doliu Morphy. Air. Ueanbien was born in 1800. ami In Detroit, where Ul« father was also horn s but Ins grandfather wan an omiprant from Franco. Uo established tho first ferry, at tho fork* ot (he river. He wan an original fiddler, having inherited tho art in tho natural wav; and lio will nrohabtv dio ono. In case of tho absence of tuo ruusio at any of our parties iu olden times, Mr. Beanbion was at ways sent for, and, when one fiddle-airing broke, ho was pood for tho throe} and, whoa another broke, ho could still keep up tho music 5 and if there wore only ouo elring left, ft party would never po away disap pointed if Mr. Ucaublcn was loft to piav npon It. Ho has done much to keep up our first families, having hod twouty-ilirco children. His grand* children had numbered fifty-three when tho proat-prandchildrou began to make their appear ance. and ho stopped counting. 1 introduce h.m to yon to-day ns the only man you will probably over boo who witnessed the surrender of an American army. God grant that such an event may never happen again I During tho War of 1812 Mr. Hoatthlon's father, hearing that the town (Detroit) was about to ho bombarded by the British army, had ordered his children to go down Into the collar, when news came tn it Gcu. Hull had surrendered. Mark BcAUbhm saw Gen. Hull and his staff rowed over 10 mo Cana dian shore, and then the soldiers wore taken over under the charge of the rco-cont officials. COOK COUNTY was set off from Peoria County under mi act passed in 1891. The first election was iu August, 1832. Tho county was mimed for the Hon. Dan iel P, Cook, Bon-In-law of Gov. Nittlan Edwards, who wits ono of tho first United States Henntors from this State. .Mr. Cook was a mombor of Congress from 1820 to 1827, and died in 1827, apod 32, ono of tho most talented men who ovor lived Iu this Stato. As our poll-lists of tho first election, in 1832, woro burnt, £ can no long er traco our first families, and those who wish to marry into thorn must tool: back to those who woro taxed Jin 1825. or voted in 1820 or 1800, if they do not wish their honors disputed. Cook County then Included tbo present Counties of Lake,‘McHenry, DuFape. and Will, all west be ing included in Jo Daviess County. Tie only voting-place of Cook Comity nt tha: time was at Chicago. The highest number of votes cast for nil tiio candidates for nnv ono office in 1832 «v,a9 114. against 32 iu 1330. sndIJS la 1830. It seems to bavo boor tho practice then, as now, to tako nu officer from Galena, and thou, as now, thov wore very pood mon. Galena and Chicago were then in the same Representative and Senatorial Districts. Cjl. James M. Strode was o'yjted U> the Senate, and Benjamin Mills to >&3 House, both botng attorneys-at-law nt Ga lena. Elijah Wentworth, Jr., who died at Galos burp, 111., on tha 18. U of November last, re ceived all tho votes for Coroner nt this election. Ho wrote me, Just before his death, that he wont with bis father. Elijah Wentworth, Sr., from Maine to Kentucky; they moved theaco to Dodgovillo, Wis., whore Uo was living at tho time Jefferson Davis was constructing Fori Wmnobngo. Davis had boon ordered there soon alter hm graduation at West I’omt in 1821, ami ho often visited Dodgovillo in attoudauco upon social parties, and is well remembered bv old settlors there, to thin day. In 1830 Mr. Went worth and his father moved to Chicago, and rented a now hotel of James Kinzio, than the beat in Chicago, on tbo West Side, near tho forks of tho river. It was a log-house, with upright boards noon tho outside. Ha carried Hm mail from Chicago to Niles, onco a mouth. At tho situml election in August, 1351. the highest nnrab’r of votes for all tho candidates for any one o.fico was 528, against 111 in 1832. Tims our population began to increase. Tina vote was ror tho whoto County of Cook. In 1835. tho highest number of votes in tho entire comi ty, for all the candidates for any one olfico, was I*o3l. And religions enterprise and liberality had bo far advanced that, nt tho Ladies’ Fair at the old fit. James, (ho mother of Episcopacy tn tho Northwest, on tho 18tb of Juno in that voir, the receipts woro sl,-131. In tbo spring of 1837, at out* first municipal election, tho city alone cast 703 voles. It seems not to bo generally known that, no totliotimo of tbo opening of tho Illinois A Michigan Caual, Chicago was not at all troubled with mosquitoes; a blowing which amply com pensated for many of our early deprivations. Tuo history of Cliicago furulsoos ono with a complete history of AN lUUUDEEMAnLB PAPER-MONEY SYSTEM. Emigration was fast tending westward in 1835. (lovcruiaonl land was 61.25 per acre. Tho omt grants had little or no money, and would pur chase laud an credit dfc groaU.v advanced prices. Eantcrn speculators llockod hero and took ad vantage of this condition of things. Tho Gov ernment money received for lands would bo do posited m the banks, orod tod to tho Govern ment, and then rclooncd back to speculators. Thus the Government had credits in banks to more than tho amount of their capital, and tholr assets consisted almost entirely of the notes of Western speculators. Tho Government was out of debt, and had no uso for its surplus, which was forming tho basis of those largo speculative loans, and men be- Cairo even mare excited and reckless than were the land-operators here In Chicago at the time of the recent panic, Besides, money was taken from every branch of buslnoxe to Invest la these West ern speculations. Tho President of the United States bnd no power to slop tbo salon of lauds or to limit bank discounts. Ho saw tho Immediate necessity of arresting this condition of things, and be had no oth er way to do it than to issue au order that nothing but gold and shiver should iw received for public lands, Acoord'ug lo an lavarlablo law, a redundancy of paper had driven tho precious metals out of tho country, und tho bunks hud not tho specie whurowilh tu redeem their bills, which were fast itolug proaentod to obtain taiid-ollico money, Thu banks all failed, and corpora tions und Individuals issued certificates of indebted ness, which vrero Interchanged ut currency, mates, counties, and cities paid their debts In warrants upou an empty treasury. The Canal Com inlHHlbncrs paid contractors lu scrip, and tho contractors paid their laborers in a lesser scrip, redeemable lu the scrip of tho Commis sioners. Nearly every man In Chicago doing business was Issuing his Individual scrip, mid tho city abounded with little tickets, such ns "Good at our store for 10 mils," “Good fora loaf of bread," "Good for n shave,'*" Good for s drink," etc., eto. When you went out to trade. Hie trader would look over your tickets, and soled such mi ho could use to th« Lest advantage. The times fur a while seemed very prosperous. We hud a currency that was Interchangeable, and fora Umo wo suffered no Inconvenience from it, except when wo wanted some specie to pay for our postage. In thoso days It took 2ft cents to send a letter Bast. But after a while It was found out that man wore over issuing. Thu bsrl«r had outstHidingtoumanyshaves; the baker too many loaves of bread; the saloon-keeper too many drinks, eto., eto. Want of contbleucu be came general. Kaeh man became afraid to take tho tick ets of another. Homo declined to redeem their tickets tu any way, and some absconded. And people found out, as is always tho case where there Is a redundancy of ia|>er money, that they had Iwcn extravagant, had bought things they did not ntoJ, and had run In debt fora larger amount than they wore able to [my. Of course, nearly every ono failed, and charge* his fall* uru U]*>u President Jackson's specie circular, in after times, 1 asked an old settlor, who was a groat growler lu those days, what effect Umo had had upon his views of Gen. Jackson's circular. His reply was did Gen. Jucksuu had spoiled bis being a great man. Hdd he, " I camo tu Chicago with nothing, failed for $1 >O,- OJU, and could have failed for a million, If he had let (he bubble burst in the natural way,” will llhiriratn to wbal various purposes those llttlo tickets of luilolitodiirii amid bo pul. A tittle boy bail u ticket “ lioml fur u dritilt.** lie dropped it Into ttio church utulnbiiiluu-lHji, and beard ua more of It. ilo tu;j lumber boy, wim did tbo eaino thing with tlic name ruiult, Tliut boy told bie sister. who told bur mutbor, wim told bur hiiai»,md, Wim monied tt bie duty to lull tbo Doaeon. aioanwbllu tbo buys were tmtUiik .u the tickets “Uoud /ora drink," and IcUiuu (bo oilier boys to do tbu ■ime. Tbo iioacuu, abvo to all tbo rr»i«u#lbilillua 0/ bla position, So r tbu brat umu lu bU bfe uiiturud a saloon; called tbo barkcojicr unu sUe, eud asked him to change a ft scrip, well known.# be could not do so unless It worn lu Uimur-Uckelt. The salum-kcepcr was afraid to oiler such tickuls, aad di-cllued to maho ' tbo change, uuill tbo Ibucou gave bbu u hint tlut, allbougb bu did uot sllmulatu himself, bo thought bo could u«i tbo tickets. Tucii, said tbo Duacou, " 1 have a curloaity to know tbo extout 0/ these tickets, uud ronlly wish you would put a private mark upon them, uud uull/y mo when ouo returns." Tuluk of a beacon puttlug Dick currency into a cm tributloo box I Uut bu did it, tmd tbo l/uya put In some more. Ou Mouday afternoon tbu beacon was notified that one of bla tickets bad beeu redemu-d. Üb, what a cbauco fora aoiudal case I Imagluo that such a thing had happened lu our day I Think of our enterprising uewsgitlicrors culling upon a Doacuu, ou t asking him what wan tbo average time of a liquor tickers going from hu cburcu cimtributbm t*oa to a saloon 1 With solemn tread tbo besom made bis waytobU pastor's rest deuce, and aaked him wuat disposition bomiduof (bo various tickets taken from tbo cuntrlbutlon-buz, The reply wax that ids wllu assorted luetu. strung tu.-m ui<ou different strings,uuturo 1 them upon a book, and gave tbo church credit us sbo used any of them. "Auddoyou say, m> ilear brother,' asked UlO boa cun, “tnatyou bavo no knuwtudge of tnu lurtleofbr Ufoa to Widen these tickets bsvu uoon put •’| do »sy so,’’ and tbo p-islor, file beacon urcilhu 1 froir. ilo bad cloirodbta pistor, bull nave no di.ioibu pfijed, “ May the Lord luvu mercy ou bis p.sir wile." Thu wife was called, undbur biu-’sn I said, " iuu iKacou misiics us to givo an account of the pro* Cvcdsrf tbu contribution box." “Not exactly no, my dear sister, ■' said tbu Deanm; hut 1 wish to know for wuul purposes tbo liquor tickets have boon used.’’ Hbo couinreheuded tbu matter at once, and promptly refilled. *• Why, Ueacuu, did you want them} 1 never (bought you were a drinking man. Now. at >uu didn’t have (bo tickets, will you share with ua tbo proceeds 1 Let us all lake a drink I” Bbe rushed to bur pantry, brought out a pitcher, with tumblers, and U was blled with—imik 1 In nuking the change with her milkman bis eyes bad fallen ui>ou these tickets, and bo said bo could use them, Tuus throwing ibu Uquor tickets luto the contribution box wae nut ■ repetition of the old adtge, “Evil, be thou my good," THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: MONDAY, MAY 8, 1876, Thoy hid discharged all the functions of ihomn lrru jjrfeulnck. even to furnishing a poorly-paid clergy nun • children with milk. Not lung after our Chicago ctUxons were victimized by anotueu innF.PEEnAm.TS connr.NcT device. Michigan legislator* thought that, nliilcllmro w.««not sped* enough lit the country fora hanUJmrha-l*, there w.i* laud enough. Kolhcy {ussc.l what I* known n* the "Heal Estate Hanking law,” They contended that real estate was better than gold and silver, txjeaiwe a nun could not run away with real cstde. Chicago merchants, business men, and ep -nil hors poniwalty, to*trait of paying thdrdohl* with their money, bought Michigan wild lands. Ind them appraised, and then mortgaged them for bills, which they brought homo to ply luelp debt* with. Heal estate, which Is gener ally tho first property to feel the effects of lutlated currency, a 'on rose in value, and IU owners paid Michigan another visit, secured a higher appraisal of their lands, and eiehang'd the second mottgagn for some more hills. For about a year we had excellent time* again la Chicago, lint then confidence bogsn to weaken. Agents were sent Into the country to buy anything they could, provided Michi gan money would bo taken. Merchants would post in their windows a list of bills that they would re ceive a given day. end then revise the list for tho next day. The ImbQle soon burst, and everyone was the noorcr for tho good times he had enjoyed. Man ual labor, which was the (sat thing to rise, was tho last resilng pUco of the worthleis bills. During all this excitement incident to our great variety of Irredeemable paper, our sufferings wore tho greatest for POBTAOB JIONF.T, which had alwayn to bo in specie, and specie was then nt from 60 to 10.1 per cent premium In our depredated currency. Hut |io-tsge wai thou reckoned by the sheet instead of by weight. The remit was tbit, although friends wrote but seldom, their letters were a eon of dally Journal. When earthing occurred to them, they would write It out; and when they had filled a shod, oftentimes writing crossways also, Ihtv mailed it as soon as they could raise tho post age. In traveling at the East, 1 have fallen In with several of these lettcre written in early times, whose publication would add materially to tha early history of our city. Hut their contents wore to mixed up with private matters appertaining to differ ent families that It Is impossible to obtain possession of them. As our laboring men were mid in currency, it often took more than a day’s work to pay tho j>ost sg 1 on a letter to an Eastern friend. I will rolalo an anecdote to illustrate this ;naHdr. Soon after mr first election to Uongrc.fs," a young man who had rendered me materia! service, mads mo a call, ami observed that waa very high; in which sentiment T concurred. and promised (0 Ul>op to reduce If, /fa then rrmirke.l tint I would hive the fraiding privilege; to which I absented, and prom (••J to labor to HkMiU It. Hut nil this did net seem to interest the young man. and 1 was perplexed to Know the drift of his couversition. Finally, with groat embarrassment, ho observed that ho was engaged to n young lady nt (ho East, and wanted to know If I could not frank his loiter. I explained tint there was but ono way to avoid the responsibilities of the law, and that was for him to write his letters to mo, and then 1 ooitld write a letter to her, calling tier attention to his; and she could hav.i tho same privilege. The correspondence took this form utrll the Congressman from her dis trict asked mo if, at tho close of tho session, I was going homo by the way of hla district. I did not compre hend him until ho staled that ho was well acquainted In tho family of tho lady with whom I had bem cor responding, and suggested tuat, if I was going to bo married nofore the next session. It would bo idea nut fur us to board at tho same house! This put 11 new phase upon my way of dodging an abuse of too frank ing privilege, and I wrote to my coiutltucul that bo must bring his courtship to a clojo. and Us did so. Four letters from him and three from her covered the transaction, and 1 niamt Indebted to this dav to the " coiißcicu-e-fuad "of the Fo*t-O:fico Department for $1.75. Hut this waa a very Insignificant sum to pay for me securing of a good Yankee girl to the West in thnsa days. Besides, them are seven in the family now, ami ono went to tho War: and that $1.75 waa an InslguttH cant bounty (0 pay for a soldier. After all, the best way to procure soldiers is to breed them yourself. But every time any one spstks to me about the cor ruptions and defalcations among public men of tho present day, I see "nicne, mono, tokol, upharaln" written on the wall I 1 thiuk of that $1.75, and say nothing. Not satisfied with the real-estate banking experi ment in Michigan, of trying io raiko easy times with out prompt specie redemption, so.ns of the specu lators of Illinois thought that they would try the Michigan system, with substituted for Unde. Tno remit of this last experi ment la too familiar to tho mass of our dil/.cns to need an extended comment. Money was Sorrowed, am! Slate bonds were purchased. Tno tuM liMwesnlbla place* In our Stall worn sought out fur tho location of btuki, and bills woro exten sively Issued. Money was abundant, price* of every thing advanced, and a llnam-lal mlUenium was om.-o more swam; u«. Tho couscquuuoca of this system wero quite as disastrous oa those of tho real estate system of Mlchlg in. Considering Us ago, Chicago baa been tho greatest sufferer of any place In tho world from an Irredeemable paper-money system. Its losses in thU respect will nearly approximate those from the great lire. And wbeu you talk to one of the early settlers of Chicago about the advantages accru ing from an Irredeemable money system, you wasto your labor, lie has becu there J . ONE OF OUU EABLT AMUSEMENTS was that of wolf-hunting, Experienced Indl m ponies wero plenty In our city, Tho last hunt I remember had for Us object the driving of as largo a number of wolves as possible up to (be lea upon the lake shore, and as near the mouth of the harbor oh could bo douo. Thure wax to bo no shooting until tbe wolves had gut nit on tho Ice. No peraou was to tiro unless bis aim was en tirely over ice. nud then to the eastward. Two parlies atirted early In tho morning, one following tho lake shore south, and the other # tho river, to meet at a common centre not far from Blue Island. Then they wero to spread themselves out, cover as much terri tory as twiddle, and drive the wolves before them. About i o’clock In thu afternoon a wolf made his a]i itearaiKo In tho of the city. Tho news was spread, and our people turned out on foot, keeping along thu margin of the river, so as (odrlvo tlio wolves upon tho Ice of tbo lako shore. Ono wolf after another made his appearance, uud soon we saw tho boraouiuu. Tho number of wolves was about the same as that of Samson's foxes. The men wero so eager to got tho first tiro at a wolf that thu tramp of tbclr horses broko tlio ico; aud, os tho wind was rather brisk, it broko away from Iho chore, with tho wulvca upon it, and drifted northeasterly, very much la tho same direction as that taboo by tho recent unf ‘rtunate balloon. But tbo wolves, unlike tho man in tho balloon, took no re porter ou board. .Men, women, and children lined tho bank of tho lake, oxpoollug lo see the Ico broak in ptx-es and tho wolves swim ashore. But it did nut do so. Our people watched the ico. aud could sco (ho w >lvi-s running from side to side, until they faded away from view. When I took my last look, they ap peared about tho sire of mice. Auout two weeks afterwards a letter appeared In a Detroit paper containing au account of nomofarm set tlements ou tbo eastern shore of Like Michigan bulug attacked by a largo body of hungry wolves. They do strayed fowls aud cattle, und for several days spread terror (ho neighborhood. We always sti|>- posed that those wero our wolves, but our hunters nuver laid any claim to them, as tho news of tholr ar rival was ho long lu reaching here. Aud as an evi dence of the tardy transit of merchnudlto and malls In (hose days, 1 will sluto that our uewspapvra of Hep tomber, ISJj, announce tho arrival of a schooner, with good* twenty days from Now York Oily, the shortest lima over made. A newspaper of Dec. 21, IMS, an nounces that President Jackson's message to Congress was only twelve days on Its roulo from Washington. It w-ts published hare Halur lay, hut tho editor says he would have Issued it on Thursday, but for lha ex treme cold weather. The first divorce suit in our city was bronchi lu 1935, bad become so brisk hero In Kl'i that from Jan. 4 to Oct. -21 of tint y»ur the papers announce (hat AimustuHtlamtt (afterwards Mayor of Ihu city) had •old -land at lUb auction rooms to the nmouut of |l,Bud,OW). Our pouplu had commenced litigation ho much that at Uio commencement of Cook County Circuit Court la May, I .Ml, thero wore 2to cases cm the civil docket, and the Court sat two weeks. Taitlga* tlon ho increased that In May, HOT, thero wore 70J cases on tho civil ducket. Tho newspapers pclntod, too, the alarming fact that over a tnllliuu dollars were lU VUIVOd lU tllUiO COUCH. TUB WKSTMIDK was iholatt to advance In population. Although at ouo time, prior to tho city’s Incorporation, it tin* deubtedhr had, ax it does now, the Urgent portion of our inhabitants, there were only nlDoty-suven voters on thowhulo Went Side at our Ant municipal e:ectluu. Tliea.i were monily from our first families, ■• there were living there about tint lime three Indian Cuiufs, —Haiig.iuiuh, Lafrombolso. and Kublnsou (whose Indian name wits Cho-chu-pln-giu),—wltu occasional vtdis from Blnbourh, and any number of Indians, French, and mlxed-biecds related to them. Tne Bide was the last aide to hive a plain), but the Btraina of the fiddle were always to be heard, and the wur-dance was no uncommon thing. 1 rcmcmlior sttemllug the wedding of one of LaTraiuboue's daughters. fiho was married to u clerk lu the Fod-OiUco, and la now the wife of Mcdard 1). lloaublcn, horotofora alluded to in this lecture. The clerk was tho one who delivered letters, and, of course, won well known to all oar citizens, utid was remarkably popular. Ha went to thu printing* iilllca and had fifty cards of Invitation struck uif. Hut when people went for thtdr letters they politely hinted that they expected a card of Invitation to the wedding. Ho he wan compelled to go to the printing* otllee and havo fifty morn struck oif, These did not last long, ho he had a hundred more. Then ho said that tickets were of no use, and everybody might come; und about every one did come. The ceremony was iKirformed by the llev. Isaac W, llatlaui, pastor of* thu Hi. James Episcopal Church in this city. I’.vcry* thing was high-toned, well worthy of an Indian Cbl*f’t daughter. The house woe of no pur* tloidar use, ns it was surrounded with people. This we lding nude a strung iinpromiion on my mind, as It was the first tune 1 ever s»w tho liidlin war-dunce. Borne of the guests nut only uad their tomahawks nad ncilpiug-kinvcj, bows aud arrows, but a few of (hum had real sculps which they pretended they had taken in the various Indian wars. Tnelr faces were decorat ed with all the favorite pictures of tho Indians. Aud eoinuof our young white men and Udl-.-s pliyal the part of Hie Indian so well that it was dldienlt to dis* linguist! them from thu red onus. It has been a won* dor to mu thu, \vntl.> oar proi'csiuis of mu«l) hive been inventing so in my duferent muds of dauc-s, noueuf mum uavu reproduce t tne iniun w,»r dan e, which to me ts much unre »cnnb:o tam uluu-tuums of those Which are How jiractU'td at so mmy of mir fashionablo pirttei. 1 privim* tint tho ironbli is thalunr ladies consider tiut tne ludlm wir-patnl ut* tciu|Kirlzed lor Ihu occasluu, would inierure wltu the original palm put on betoro they l«u lUcir hom.-s, mid Which they wished to rein tin thronjii the ovunkn.r. One of our youug men claims I ihd. si IhU we Ij i u.f, amid the crowd, uupirccivtd. he had clipped a tick from the bride's long, bowing, raven hair. Homo of this hair he Usd nut into a breastpin, and very soon thereafter these Induu bridal bruisiplut wereubaiu os thick as were tho manufactures from our old Court-House bail after ttufiru. One man who had worn ouo lor some years was suddenly taken sick aud oxpucted to die. He colled his wife to hi* bedside aud told her bs deemed it his duty to sUUi to her that he had Ujca deceiving her fur years, and hs could act die lu peace until he had mads • confession, •• 1 must tell you before I «lfa tint tin hair In tint pin I Inro Jt.rn woiriiu so deceitfully It not the hair of that In* dian Chief's daughter, but your own." Willi pitiful ryes In Irtolipd to Ills wife for forgivenon. “Ami is lint nil tint troubles you," said she; " whit ron barn Just re vealed In your dying hour only confirms mv opinion of yon. 1 .always snppovd yon thought imiroot nn than yon did n( a squnwl ” Ami now I suppose ymt think that that man dlsd In poacp, But ho ilia not. Ho Is alive now. Then Is occasionally on InManco where n man lias survived a eoufecslon to his wife. But when, oh when. Is then nn Instance of n woman who has survived a confession to bsr hnshiml I After the marriage of (his Indian Chief’s daughter several of our wealthy citizens (wealthy for those days) gave RETURN PARTIES. I remember attending a very elegant ono given at the house of Modard B. Dominion, I think the fashion able society of Chicago subsisted for about two mouths upon that wedding. Mr. llcaublon has given mo sev eral Invitations, as bo has others of our old settlers, to visit him at his residence among tho Pottawatomie*. He told ms that I would lw a big Pottawatomie I Ho gave os a reason for abandoning Chicago, where he was a merchant, that be would rather Iw a big Indian than a little white man. Ho lifts the reputation of being the handsomest mm that was ever In this city. I met biro ftt Washington a few years ago, and hn attracted great sltoullon for his remarkable personal beauty. The most of the families of wealth, education, and high social position, about the time of oUr Incorpora tion, were settled upon the North Side. The "L«k« Hou'o" there was tho first brick hotel constructed lu our city, and it waa as well furnished and con dueled as any hotel west of Now York City, Upon Hia South Side were most of the business houses, nud hotels for the accommodation of farmers who came to Chicago with (heir loids of grain. UuslncM-mon without fuinlllw, clerks, and employes of business men.generally boarded at these hotels on the douth Hide, often sleeping in the stores. Wo could not havo anything like a large party on tho South Side, without fomalo domestics. The foshlonabln people on. the North Ride rmild Invite our young men lo tStf.’c parties on Hut Hide; tint when wo had A p.irl'’bn tho South Side. Instead of miuliitr .’ioinselvcti the ladies would send thHr dome*?)'*, And if I wore to go Into details of tup orfffte of the fashionable society of Chi cago of Ibo present day. (could satisfy our young men that whether they wanted to make money or raise Inv.lHiy children, the b -«t thing they could now do would be to Imitate (be example of some of our airly settlers, ami marry a lady who dares discharge an Im pudent or incompetent maid, and can doth# work hericlf (111 she can gut a better one. There was causiderahlj 111-feeling at ono time be tween Hie North and South Hides In consequence of (bis discrimination. But politics, then as now, proved a great Invcler m society. There was AM KMM AMT I'AKTT GIVEN AT THU TAKE UPCHB ono evening, where one of tbo most fashionable men on tbo North Rule, who vu a candidate for office, thought he would throw in anchor to tho windward by dancing with a Houtb Rida drca.iing-m.ild, while ho supposed bin wife win being entertained al Ihn sup per-table. Out oho entered the ball-room while the donee was going on. At onca a proud heart wan fired. Quicker than thought shs B[K)ko to a carriage-driver who stood at the door looking lu : “Can yon danco, Mika?” •• ll'n only for tho want of n partner,'’wan tbo response. H-d/dug him by the hand, iho said: “Comoon!” and. turning to the crowd, nbosaid; “Thbiis.a game that two can play at S’* and immedi ately tbo dauco went on. amidst the applause of tbo whoto room,—tho man with tbo South Hido dresslng mild, and bl* wlfo with the South Ride driver. And thus free suffrage.began lU work against artificial so cial position. Mot long after my first election to Congress, upon opening my mall at Waabingtou. 1 found a letter dated In the western part of lowa, then far in tbo wilder ness, reading In this way: Mr dear old Chicago friend: I sco yon hare been getting up in tho world, and It is so with myself who am the SuerllT’a deputy here, and I also keep hotel, I am the same ono who mado all the fuss dancing with the lady at tho Lake Homo ball, and you wore there; and tbo girl I married Is tbo same domestic her boa band danced with. The Judge of the Court boards at our house, and ho often dances with my wife at tho hlg parties hare, wbero wo are considered among tho first folks, and I reckon my wife Bridget would put nn ns many airs as tbo lady did at tbo Lake House, if sbo should catch mo dancing with domestics. 1 found out that those people no mado so much fuss »t the Like House were nut considered much where they came from. Hut they emigrated to Chicago, and then they set up for big folks. Ho I thought 1 would marry Bridget, and start for a now country whero I could be as big as anybody. And now remember your old Chicago friend, and tell the President that X am for his administration, and would like to gbl tho poat ofilce bore. I remember that during the session of Congress, I boarded nt tho same house with Horace Greeley, and he was frequently mmy room; and 1 think that it was from this letter bo burrowed his sentiment, 41 Go West, young nun I” lu our early times it was customary to EXCOfiIIUNIOATIt MEMIIKUA OF TUB CtltmClX as publicly ns they had been admitted. Now, we hear of admission*, but never of ozcuuiiiuulostimis. Prof. David Swing has coma as noirfUJlng that bill as any wo have heard of recently, but future historians will (tiller as to whether ho excommunicated the Church, or the Thumb him. I remember In early times Imre, of a clergyman's Healing, at the close of bU service, wllb a member, one ot our well-known dti/.cus, eome whal after Ibis fashion : 44 You will remember, my bearers, that some tlmo ago Mr. Blank waa proposed fur admission to tbl* church, and after he had passed a favorable examination, I called upon every ono pres ent. to know if there was any objection, and no one rose and objected. It become* my painful duty now to pronounce the sentence of excommunication upon him, and to remand him back to tbo world again, with all his stua upon hi* head.” Whereupon a gentleman rose In his pew, and said, 44 And now the world objects to receiving him i ” On which, burst* of laughter fill the house; and the procelso status of that man was never determined, os tho civil courts in those days bud nut began to interfere In ecclesiastical matters, lu these times, the Church would undoubtedly have called upon tbo courts to grant a mandamus upon tho world to rocolvo him, or tho world would have applied for an Injunction to prevent the Church from excom municating him. In most new settlements there can always be pointed out some particular chs* who give tone to the early uocloty; such as tho Pilgrims and Puritans of New I'ngland, the Knickerbockers of New York, (bo Huguenots of Ruulh Carolina, the Creoles of New Or leans ; and In later days, men identified with manu facturing intercuts, mining Interests, railroad inter ests, or with seminaries of learning. But her* in Chicago in early times, wo had not any one prevailing class or interest; nor was thoro any sufficient number of people from any particular locality to exercise a controlling Infiucnco in molding public sentiment. Wo had people from almost every clfino, and of almost every opinion. We hid Jews and Christians; Protest ants, Catholics, and Infidels; among ITotestanl*, there wero Colonists and Armenians, Nearly every language was represented here. Home people bad seen mu;h of the world, and aome very little. Homo were quite learned, aud some very ignorant. Wo had every variety of pooplo, and out of these wo had to construct wlut Is called society. The winters wore long: uo railroads, no telegraphs, no canal, and all wo had to rely niton for nows wore our weekly newspa pers. Wo bad no libraries, no lectures, uo theatres or other places of amusement. If a alrangcr attended a gathering of any kind, tho mass of attendants wero equally stranger* with himself, and tho gentlemen outnumbered tho ladles by about four or five to ono. You oak WHAT SOCIETY LIVED UPON In those diy«7 I answer, upon Faith. Out fslth without works Is dead. From tho close to the opening of navigation, nearly sit months lu tho year, wo had nothing to do. Our Uilh consisted principally In tho future of Chicago. Nearly overy one hail laid out a town, and men exchanged lota with each other, very much aa boys swap Jicxkulvcs. Tho grodcst story* teller was about as big a man as wo had. If anew story was told it was soon passed all round town, and duo credit given to tho originator. If a new book ap* puaro 1 in our midst, that wn loaned around until an* other now ono came to tako Its place. Occasionally one of our young men would go Cist and gut him a wife, and then wo discussed bur for awhllo. Ureas* makers would Invariably mike her tho first call, ex amine her dresses, and then go from door (o dour, like a modern census-taker or tax-collector, soliciting orders according to the latest fashions. TUt’.llß WAH GREAT PREJUDICE between the omlgsants from the South and those from the East. All our Eastern people were considered by tho emigrants from the South as Yankees. Tuo first contest was about the Convention system In politics. Noatherncrs denounced is vehemently as a Yankee In novation upon the old system of allowing every nun to run for ufilco who wanted to do so, and taking bis chances. Tneir system was to solicit their friends to solicit them to rim fur office, and then they reluctantly consented and placed themselves lu the bands of their friends. All kaukeo customs, fashions, anil Innova tion* upon their established usages were ridiculed as Yankee notions, worthy unly uf the pedlors of wood* eu clocks amt pewter spoons, Thomas Ford, (torn lu Uulonlowa,- Penn., In lyoo, who had lived in Illinois from ISO!, and whose father had been killed by tho Indians, came tiers as Judge, and old mure than any otuer parson to mollify the prejudices uf tbs Booth against the North. Hu early foresaw that all that the early settlors of Illinois need ed, was the growth of mure Yankee thrift among them; and he early told his friends that while he stayed hero ho was going to conform to all tho Yankee notions, os fast os he could ascertain what they were, and wanted his acquaintances to Inform him what he should do lu prevent embarrassment by non-conform ity. I met him on his wav (o Court one morning, and ho arid ho had Just been detained by a lady complain* lug that ho did not attend her party on a previous evening. Ho told her that be was very fond pr parties, and always attended them whenever he could, hut that ho held Court that evening until It was too late to go. Hut this did not satisfy her. Uhe wauled to know. If ho could not attend, why Uo did not send a “regret.’’ Ho did nut understand the matter, end made an otcuse that tho Court was waiting, informing her that he would converse with her some other time. Hut, said he, “what's that? What did she want me to do when 1 couldn't go;*' 1 Informed him that the Inly had some sisters visiting lo r from the East, and she ha t aprlda in having them write homo that among her tnuud.l were tho very bust people lu Chicago, and am mg them the Ju tge of the Court; which m his absence, a little note from him would tslahlisu. •• Capital, capital," said he. “ Why you Yankees n tve a m dive In all you do. You turn everything to account. T.te hitter 1 live among Y mkee* the mure I sm why It is that (hoy aru Kitting ri-.n and overrunning tin country. Nobody ■ n.ll lompbiu of i:n lieretlUT m (hit rcspu.t. 11l hav >to.u a ito-papur in ‘my desk, and if tin lawyers detain me 111 so.i i tin N.ici'iif with om uf tn ,sg Utile bdl I doux. II tlnru ii any uiimr thing tint you* Yankees want ms to do lu ub uy my high apprauutluu of y.>u, please tut mo know. The nest day tho Ju lg« called at my ouljs with a beautiful little* u >li, on gilt edged paper, addressed to his wife, and reading us follows: •• Judge Kurd's compliments ta Mrs, Ford and tt# children, and rcgrela last he cannot uo homo to have the pleasure of their society on Monday next." Hid nv this was the following |HJit*cript: "Tuo above U une uf tho Yankee notions, and when you want to go anywhere uud cannot, you mint always scud une of these, which they call a ’regret.' Piuuta ,lull this to the neighbors, and also (ell them that when 1 return 1 ■hall have a great many stories to tell Utsm about Off* fereiil Yankee notions. 1 Mot long after, I was at Oregon, Ogle County, whore be resided, aud where bo vraa then bolding Court. When It became time for (hn Sheriff to ndjnnrn the Court tho Judge said. '• Mr. sheriff, don't forgot lint parly at my house 10-nlghl." And the Bhcrlff ex claimed, "Hear yoi Hear ye] The Judge of this Court requests mo to mv that he and his lady would ho pleased to son you all at his house to-night, both citizens and stria jcrsl Bow this honorable Court stands adjourned until to-morrow morning at 0 o'clock." It was wonderful to notion the mixture of punpla who imoern noutoiisly visited him that evening —attorneys, jurors, suitors, and citizens generally, with (heir wives. Ono person scorned as much nl homo os another, There was a grand welcome for all. Ho waa (hn very prm. o of hospitality. Ills email house could nut contain (ho crowd, and many stood oulshli) and mingled in tho enlorlnlumonta. Tho Judge passed through (he assemblage wllha waiter on which was a decanter of Madeira wlno, and wlno- t [lasses, ills wife passed around with another waiter o.vied with cako. Uiiid tho Judgu (n aome Yaukoo gentlemen, "This Is the way wo original Illinoisans give a party. Wo Invito all; the latcu-string Is out; allcomo who can, and those who cannot come say nothing, Tlioy never write any 1 regrets.’ Indeed a great many of our prominent men at tho South could not do it. I havo known men In our Legislature who oould not write." Then bo passed away into a group of people wbo were natives of tho South and told (ham bow ho gut himself into trouble with a Chicago lady by not writing her a lltltn blliot-donx eiplalnlngto her why ho did go to her party, when be wanted to go more Unu eho wanted to Uavohim. He oflou uttered the •entlmout lint he did not wish to live In a locality where hi* house was not largo enough to entertain hia nelgttlwro without making selections, lie said he must cither build him a larger house or move Into a distant settlement. When 1 came away I expressed the wish that I might soon have the pleasure of seeing him and bis neighbors lu Chicago. Wneroupop \\« Judge Jocosely observed," Wo will either w*e.(ml sjoyou or send you a blllot-dou* ". •.UiWSoulbcru Ihiuotslan, a native of .Vorlh Carolina, exclaimed, " Yes, when you Y»ukee peddlers are putting up wood en clfVis rad |,owt«r spoons for this region, toll them io put up i» little gilt-edged note-paper for ns, and havo them to bo sure that tho gold fon t bronze 1" But tho people of this Hlate stilled (be house ques tion for Judge Ford. For, at the next Gubernatorial election, he was made Its Chief Magistrate, and ns Governor he rendered his name dear to every Illinois an by his almost superhuman, but eminently success ful, efforts to complete the Illinois & Michigan Cans), and to restore the lost credit of our Htuto, Ho died not lung after the expiration of his term of oltlco, and loft to hU children only the proceeds of the copyright of his History of Illinois.—a book which, when ouco commenced, no reader will Jay aside until ho has fin ished it. lu this work Is the .only autborltallvo history of the settlement of tho Mormons lu this Stale, and their Anal expulsion of It, with the assassination of their leader, Joseph Smith, lu his preface he aays: " The author has written about small events and little men. And in all those matters in which the author has figured personally It will be some relief to the reader to And that hu has not attempted to blow him self up into a groat mm." ONE OP OUU MOST UKLIAULE PLACER OF ENTER- MENT was tho Post-Office while the mall was being opened. The Pmt-Ofiloo was on Franklin street, between Hake street and tbo river. The mall ooach was irregular In tbo tlmo of its arrival, but the horn of the driver an nounced Its approach. Thou tho people would largely assemble at tbo I’ust-Ofllco, and wait for the opening of the mails which, at times, were very'heavy. Tbo Postmaster would throw out a New York paper, and some gentleman with a good pair of lungs and a Jo cose temperament would mount n dry goods box and commence reading. Occasionally I occupied that p<>- xitlou myself. During exciting times, our leading men would invariably go to tbo Post-Office themselves, instead of seudlng tnoir employes, Tho news would bo discussed by Iho assombUgo, and oftentimes heavy bets would bo made, and angry words passod. If it, was election times, there would bo two papers thrown out, of opposite politics, two reading stands establish ed, two readers engaged, and the men of each party would assemble around their own reader. TbLa con dition of things would last until tho moils wero open ed. when the gathering would adjourn until tbo next blowing of the driver’s horn. Tula gathering afford ed tbo (est opportunity for citizens to become ao-< qualified one with another, On one of these occasions I was introduced to a Lieutenant iu the army who had Juatoome to take charge uf the Government works in this city. Uo had great confidence in our future, and expressed his in tention to invest all bis moans here. He was event ually ordered away to some other station, but sept uo his interest lu Chicago. HU taxes became high, too high In proportion to his pay as an army officer and thtfaupport of his family. Ills wife had ooca placed tho price of a new dress in a letter which was to leave by tho return of a malt which brought her husband an exorbitant tax-bill. Its expressed bin intention of or dering, by tbo (tame mall, the sale of bla Chicago property, os his mean* could endure his taxes uo long er. Ills wife ordered her letter from the mill, took out the money, and, saying that sbo preferred the Chi cago property to a new dress, insisted tint ho should use It to pay bla Chicago taxes. Tho next summer bo visited our city, and rented the property for enough to pay tho taxes. That lady lost her dress for that year, nut alio gained thereby one of Iho largest and roost celebrated estates In our cliy. I mention this foot to warn our ladies that they should never ask for a now dre-s until they find their husband's tax-ro:clpt in his wallet; and, at tho same tlmo, I would caution hus bands not to trv to carry uo much roal estate as td make their poorly-clad wives and children obJocU of charity when they make their appearance In tho otriots. Our early settlers wero dbdlngulabed for their LIDCIIAL IMTUONAOC OF ALL RELIGIOUS DENOMINA- TIONS, and wo had ono clergyman who created am much sensa tion as any wo liavo had since his day. Like all really Inlluuutlal sensational preachers, ho was an original. He dealt freely in pathos uml hi ridicule. If we cried once, we were sure to laugh once, In every sermon. Unlike clergymen now called sensational, he never quoted poetry, nor told anecdotes, nor used slung phrase* for the purpose of creating a laugh. There was nothing second-handed about him. I allude to tbo Rev. Isaac T. Uin'.on, a Baptist clergyman, who was the only settled minister on tho .South Hide whoa I came hero in I&W, Ills residence wan near tho cor ner of Van Huron street and Fifth avenue, then In tho outskirts of tho city, and was shaded by native oak*. Ho wu a man who never *ocmed so happy ns when ho wa* Immersing converted sinners in our frozen river or lake, it Is said of bln convon* that no one of thorn was over known to bo a backslider. If you could sue tho cakes of 100 that were raked out to make room for baptismal purposes, you would nuke up your mind that uo man would Join a church under nuch circum stances, unless bo Joined to star. Immersions wore no nncommou thing in those days, Ono cold day, about tho Ist of February, lUfifi, there were SEVENTEEN IMMERSED IN the RIVER, at tho foot of State street. A hola about ‘JO feet square wan cut through tlio ice, ami a platform was sunk, with ono tied resting upon the shore. Among the nereotocn was our well-known architect, John M. Van Oriel, Al derman-elect, said to Ims uow the only survivor. Thera are many now living who were baptized by Mr. Hin ton ; among th-mis the wife of tho lion. Thomas Hoyae, Mayor-elect. Hut recently nur Hapllst friends have mads up their minds that our lake has enough to do to carry array all the sewerage ot the city, without washing otf tho sins of tbo people. It U also claimed fur Mr. Hinton that no couple ho married was ever divorced. 11a was Just as careful in marrying is bo was lu baptizing; be wanted nobody to fair from grace. It was the custom in those days to give clergymen donation parties. Now, wo have surprise parties, whin tho lady la expected to endanger her health by hard working all day in order to prepare her bouse for a surprise la tho evening. Tho ouly surprise aliout them Is tbo magnificence of the proparatious. Thou the party was advertised In the newspapers, and a notice posted In tho vestibule of the church. It was customary m (hose days for all donomlnv lions to patronize liberally tbo clergymen of other de nominations. Mr. Illntou bad a family of children nearly grown up, and couscouently all the youug poo* f 10. as well as the old, would bo there to have a grand rollout bln don it lon-parly, Thera were no religious services, and the house was completely taken posses* •lon of by the multitude. I’oonlu would sond Just what they happened to have, audit would look at times as if I’srson Jltnlon was going Into the storage busl* ness. Curds of wood would be piled before bis door, Hour, salt, pork, ln>cf, bos-ralslns, lemons, oranges, herring, dry goods, anything and everything. After the donstlon-party was over, there was always a large quantity left which Uo did nut need, but he knew ex* autly where to place It among the destitute of the city. TruLiably uo occasions are remembered with more pleasant by the old settlers of tbo city, than tboie gatherings at tbo hospitable mention of the Jolly En glish preacher, with his attractive laugh, who always enjoyed a good story, oud could generally tell a better ono, Tboro are many marrlod ouuplos In this city who will toll you that there won where they first met. tub pi tut r sauhatu i passed in tuis city. my good boardlug-houso mistress took mo with ber to bis church, as was ttio custom of Christian ladles with strange young men lu those days, lie told me that godliness is profit iblo unto all tilings; and ho was right. Christian men and women have not kept up this good old custom of taking young men, strangers In tne city, to .church wllu them, and using their mfurts to lead them to a high social position with their religious instruction. Klraugo young meu now lu this city aru told that there Is a moral lufinn* aryopcuud here, entirely fur their benefit, where the •eats are all free, and men are supported expressly to save such as they are from destruction. 1 never know a young man to amount to anything if be had no respect for hla social position; and that position can never bo attained where youug wen are turned away for religious Instruction, to place* to visit which they would nut tbiuk of luvltiug a young lady to leave a respectable church to accompany them. All honor to those clergymen and Christians of Chicago wuo hnvu their weekly church sociables, where young men uro brought forward mlo respectable social inter* course os well as moral development. The celebrated Indian Chief, Ulookhawk, covered this whole ground when he said to Qeu. J vckaou: “ You are a mao, and 1 am another.” Mot feeling able to sustain tbo expense of a whole now, I engaged one In partnership with m unpretend ing saddlo-jiid-huncsa maker, who, by a life of in dustry. economy, and morality, but accumulated one of tho largest forluuee iu our city, aud etlll walks our •trouts with as little prctcuao us when ho mended the harnesses of tho farutjrs who brought the grain to this market from our pruned, The church-building la those days was considered a first-class ouo, aud we had a tlrst-clsas pew tueruiu, and Uiu auuual expense of my half of the pew was only f i'i.W more thin a would n tva been iu uar Havlor’s tlus. People woudsr at tue rapid Increase lu the price of real udtate at the Weil; out It hears no compand on with the iu.-rooao lu the price of gospel privileges. A good clergyman Is well worth all that a lliairal-nutrlud congregation may si-u ill to pay linn. II it the iwop.o ougnl to cry out again it the watte of in may, steadily increas ing. in tno uro ittiiu of extravagant church odlilcos. Aud the prid uu such luatiers »eom< to eat up all other considerations, During the recent panic, a Christian lady of this city, with a large fam ily of children, wnosa hatband was suddenly reduced from opuleu:o to penury, astonished me hy observing, with tears In her eyes, that her most grievous infliction was that she would be com polled to give up her paw lu hor church, which was one of the roost oxpiuslve lu the city, and take one lua cheaper ediltce. Aud yet our people nug la every church, M (tod U present everywhere." At the close of service one day, Parson Ulutou sold be thougnt Chicago people ought to K.SOW MOBB aUOUXTUB UETIb than (bey did. Therefore be would take up bis bla. lory, In four lectures; flrvt, h« would give the origin of Hi a DavH { second, state what the Devil has done; third, state what thn DevH la now doing: and, fourth, prescribe how to destroy the Devil* Those le-turM were tiio sensation for the next four weeks, The house could not contain the muon that flocked to bear him, and it 1r a wonder to mo that thine four lectures hare not been preferred, Chicago newspaper enter* prise had not thru reached our city. The third evening wan one never to lm forgotten In this city; ne It would not he If unn of our most rmlnrnl clergymen, with thn effective manner of preaching that Mr. Hinton had, ■bould undertake to tell us what the devil in doing hi thin city to-day. The drift of hie dlncoume wan to prove that everybody had a devil; tint thn devil wan lu every store, and every hank, and he did not even except the church, ilo had the devil down outnlde and up the middle of every dance; In the ladle*’ curls, and tha gentlemen's wblnkrm. In fact, before he finished, ho proved conduslvelv that there were Junt an many devil* in every pew on there were per* sunn In It; and If Ik wen* In thin our day. there would not have Iwtm swtnw enough In tha Block-Yards to eant them Into. When the pvoplo came nut of church, tkey would ask each other, " What le your devil t ’* And they would stop one another In the etrecln during tha week, and ask, “What does I'arnon Minton ray your devil I*7 ” Thu fourth lecture contained hit pro scription fur drntrovlug the dovil. I remomlior bin closing: “ ITsy on, brethren and friends; pray ever. Fight nn well aa pray. Fray and fight until the devil la dead | The world, tha flcab, the devil. Will prove a fatal >mnre, Unless we do resist him, lly faith and humble prayer." In tilts grand content with lit* Hatnnlo Majesty, he. our leader, fought gloriously, but ho toll early In tbo aRVi/o. XHf, fits hearers, invo isy*.*gallant fight to this day,- bat, Judging by our morning'|Vi\n?rg, tV" dovil is still far from bclug dead. Yet wo dealt him •oine very heavy ulowa at the recent nlecllon I An Interesting Institution was between tho North and South Hides, ft was a gnonrnl Intelligence office. UukJuom was done principally upon the Smith Hide, wluhi most of the dwelling houses were upon the North Hide. The ferryman knew about every ponton lu loan, and could answer any question as lu who had crossed. The streets had not Ilian been raised to their present grade, nor tho river d«*j«ued or widened, and tha boat was easily accessibly by teams. It was pulled across by a rope, and was not used enough to kill Uio green rushes which grew In the rivur. If a Udycamo upon tho Huuth Bide to piss an evening, she would leave word with the ferryman where her husband could find her. lluudlce and letters were loft with him, to bn delivered to jwrsuna as they pursed. Ho wan a sort of superan nuated sailor, and If bo bad not railed Into every port In tho world, ho bad a remark able (aeully of making people think lie had. Ilia fund of stories was inexhaustible, and he was con* stantly spinning bis Interesting yarns to those who patronized his institution. Like most sailors, ho could not pull unless he sung, and to all hla songs bo had one rofrsln with a single variation. Ills voice wan loud and sonorous. If he felt dispirited, tils rofralnwas, •* And I sigh os 1 putlon my boat.” If he felt Jolly (ami people took particular pains to make him no), Ills re frain was, “And 1 sing as I pull on my boat." All utght long tills refrain was disturbing tho oars of those who dwelt near tho hanks of tho river. Hong after song was composed for him, In the hopo of changing his tunc, hut it would uot bo long before he would attach to U his usual refrain. One of our mu* idea) composers composed a quadrille, which our young folks used to dance In the evenlug on (he ferry, during certain portions of which they would all join hi old Jack’s refrain, and sing, “And we ll dance as wo ride an tho boat.”;Thero was a little boy who look great do* light in Jack’s company, whoso inrents lived on thu margin of tho river noar tho ferry, imd as In tbo last of his sickness he was burning with » violent fever, nothing would quiet him but the sound of old Jock’s voleo. Old Jock had Jnst suug, “ And 1 sigh as I pull on ray boat,’’ when the boy whispered his last words to his mother, “And I dio while Jack pulls on his boatl'* Jack heard of Hus, and his lungs became strongor than ever. Hacking both bis memory and his Imagination for songs, for weeks all night long he sung, with his plaintive refrain, " Charlie dies while Jack pulls on hla Dost." A distinguished poctesj traveling at the West about tills time was tarrying at the Lake lloiiao, and heard of the Incident. Him wrota for a New York magazine some beautiful lines appro* priato to tho bat words of the child and the cirenm* stances. These were reproduced In our Chicago papers, but 1 have lu Vila sought to find them. Boms of our old scrap-books undoubtedly contain them, and I would like to be tho Instrument of thoir republics* lion. Jack went to church ono Sunday, and the clergyman preached from tho text, 11 Whosoever nh-dl bo ashamed of Mo and My words, of him nliutl tlte Son of Mao bo ashamed when Ho shall conic in Ilia own glory." After church was over, tho clergyman took Jack to task form (king so much noisoonbl* ferry-boat, and told him he was going to have him re moved. “ You can’t do It," wld Jack. “Why not 7" •aid the clergyman, “Your sermon, sir, your ser mon 1 You said we must make a practical application of It." “ How can you apply that to your position ?" “lu this way,” saltL Jack ; “the Mayor appoints a ferryman. I will Just tell him, ho that Is ashamed of mo and of my boat, of him will I be ashamed whoa I go to tho polls on the day of election!" Jack was not rumored. But he weut one fall to tho Mouth with the robins : but, unlike tho robins, ho returned so more. Ho probably saw the coming bridge. It was customary during the wlutor to give A BKIUE3 OF DANCISO-PAUTIES at central points between hero ami tho Fox River, along the lino of some of our main traveled roads, nolle** of which wore generally given lu the nowspa pore. Wo used to have much more suow than we ham now, and large slolg&.loada of people would bo titled out from (he city, to moot young people from different parts of tbo country. X’coplo in tho country eettlo moots were generally emigrants from tbo more culti vated portions of tho East. United States Senator 811ns Wright onco told mo thst ho could enumerate a hundred families, tho very tlower of the agricultural Interest of St. Lawrence County, who bad emigrated to west of Chlo tgu. Tncse settlers were not always poor: they were often meu of largo families who came hero to obtain a largo quantity of contiguous land, so as to settle their children around thorn. Tho cus tom at tbeas parties was to leave Chicago about 4 o'clock lu tho afternoon, take supper on the way out, and engago breakfast for the morning; and, after dancing all night, getting back to tbo city about oor 10 o'clock. The hotels in the country were frequently built of logs, but whether of loss or botnl t were generally belli lu one style. Cooking-roomr, bar-room, sitting-rooms, were below; and above was one Urge ball, which could ho ttsod for religious ser vices on Hunday or publlo meetings on a weekday; ami, by suspending blankets, could ba divided into sloomug-rooms. Above was the attic, which could bo used for storage when tho ball was cleared, and also Tor drcaslng-roomo at parties. Indies and gentlemen could moro easily find their wearing apparel when suspended from nails driven into the beams of the building than they con now from tho small dressing rooms where tbo clothing Is In conslaut danger of bo lug mixed together, I remember ono of tboso occa sions when tho country residents bad be gun tho dance before those from the city had reached (here. Country ladles were passing np and down tho ladder to tho dreestug room. Hut tho city ladles would not ascend tho lad der until It bad boon fenced around with blankets. There were always ou tbmo occasions mothers present from the country, who attended tho young people to look after tho care of their health, such as seeing that they were properly covered on their going homo from a warm room, as physicians were very scarce In (ho country, oud It was a greit distance for many of them to send for medicines. These country matrons took It much to heart that lbs young ladies from the city ware eo particular la having (he ladder fenced off, and were very free In the expression of their views on (bo subject to the elderly gentlemen present. During the evening a alelgh-load was driven up containing a French dansouso from Chicago of considerable note in those days: and it was not long after sho entered tho hall before tho door was cleared for her to bavo an opportunity to show her agility as a fancy dancer. When sho bo gau to swing around upon ono foot, with (he other extended, one of these country matrons, with a great deal of indignation, ran across tbs ball to her sou. ami said, 44 1 don't think it Is proper for our people to soe any such performance aa this, and now yon go right down and tell the landlord that ws want sumo more blankets," and the boy started before tho last part of tbo sentence was beard, 4 ‘ and I'll have her fenced off by herself, as (ho city ladies did tho ladderl" Her re marks were passsd from one to another, and the com pany was loudly applauding them, when tba applauso was greatly Increased by tbo tbo landlord with soma blankets under his arm.. Tbo more the ap plause Increased, the more animated became tho dii)- •euse, who took it all for herself. Thu fancy dance was Aulshed, but tho merriment had such an effect that one of our city young men took down tin* blan kets around the ladder; and for lh«t remainder of the evening the exposed ladder and the tumble French dauaeuse ceased to attract attention. 1 have thus madu you a few aeluotloua from my large casket of reminiscences of the uumwmaiiU of e*rly Ohlcago. But I give them as a raoro appendix to my historical lecture, and do uot wish them cuuild* eredu any part of it,.as 1 could have ended wlthuat them, ami then have given you a lecture of ordinary length. If any one thluka them Inappropriate to this occasion, 1 wish to say that I res|wctfully concur la hts views. If, however, they have served to compon ■ale any of you lor the tedium of the more historical portion of it, 1 will waive the question of their ap. propnateuass, and express my gratlUcatUm at having givsu them. A Mpittlntr Nimlte. Thero la a dangerous snake, not uncommon about nedjuolla, West Africa, called by tbo na tives u(\ja m'je, and by tbo Portuguese cuspedWa. It is small in size, aud remarkable from its habit of spitting when Interfered with. Tbo saliva is ejected to considerable distances, and is said to eanso blindness if it touches tbo eyas. Ono of toe snakes was captured by natives, and brought to wbeco some Kuglisb minors woro at work. It was teased by a minor who was standing over theeago. which was on tbo ground, aud retail* atod by a discharge of spittle. Homo of tbo liq uid entered tho minor’s eyos, and though the eye was immediately washed out with water, it was very much irritated for several days. Tbo snako was killed before anr experiments could bo made with it by the solentillu superintendent of tbo mine ; be has, however, no doubt of tbo mmer’s statement aud that of his companions, corrobo rated as it u ny the testimony of tbo natives aud tbo rortugueao. Mr. Wilbur V. Storey, of tbo Chicago Timet, was foreman of the Grand Jury when bis paper SablUhod the life aud adventures of Oliver I*, [orton uuder tho attractive caption of •• Indi ana's Favorite HtuJ Horse.” Ho drew up a bill and was about to have the 3’tmrj indicted for obscenity. Tho managing editor got wind of it and seat word to tho UiKh-muok*a*muck that tho paragraph (.seven admim-i) tdipuod m while bo was out taking lunch. Mr. H. toro up tbo Xruc. bill, but shook his furodiogor at the manag ing editor iu a Wtuuiug sort of » way.—wncln nafi Jtiii'iumr. TO ARMS I TO ARMS ! | This. I, tho Cry of tho Communistl, Lumbor-Shoyora How on a Strike. If They Cnn’t Oct $1.76 Per Dsy Thoi Will Not Allow OUioro to Oct $1.50. What Was Done at Thoir Mass-Mooting Yesterday. Way oat in Uio bouUiwobl portion of the otty. on tho opon prairie, tho lowbor-ahovcra mol yesterday afternoon. Through a mass of min* gled mud aod dobrla, and In and out througfc pocullar by-wnyw, a Tiuiiunr reporter trudged painfully to liud tbo maas-meeting. Tho place ohoaon was a largo plooo of greenriward south of Twouty-Bocond stroot, and noar Van Horn and Lincoln streets. Tho crowd which gathered there was largo—very largo. It was swelled by equalling brats nud uncouth female*. It num* bored thousands. There wore men gathered titan; who had mi Interest in thn proceedings, bvcopt aa lookers-on. They soon hecamo disgusted ~frl thoir way. Tha mass of tho gathering was a clan m* -ic- Jets—lgnorant, suporstitiona, and ungodly ami uoUorapU They wore mainly llobomanß, I’olos, a few Uuognrlane, and a small sprinkling oi Gormans. It was a mob of gigantic proportions, which oould easily have boon earned away by a few designing men, and (ha gathering yesterday bodes no good to tho lumber Interests unless some precam turns ror protection Aiir. TAKEN TO-DAT. Everyman who was decently dressed was frowned down upon, and ignoiulnlously hustled to one side. A wagon was used fur a speaker*' stand, but ss quick ly as any pvraun came near wbo was susiieclod as he. lug a reporter ho was pushed hi tbe outer edge. Such a mob did not want a reporter near them. Even to obtain tho namo of the Chairman was not tolerated. No one pretended to know anything, and not ouo of them would tall tho moaning of a word that any speaker uttered. All, however, wero fiery, and advo cated a resort to anus. The addresses wore mainly in Bohemian and I’ollsh, interspersed with a few speech* os in Merman. To tho credit of tho latter bo It said, that their addresses were marked with a more temper ate tone than those of the other speakers. It had been decided by tbe lumbsr*doalers not to re duce wages below the standard trf lost year, alter last week's demonstration. Tho slilko then was caused by an attempt by certain dealers to reduce His wa.’cs of ** shovers" to f 1,25 per day. from t 1.50. TuU led to'' tbe trouble* of which full details havo bean given firJi Tub Thiuome. Tbo decision to pay SLIP) par day 1| ’ was supposed wduld pacify tho man and prevent further trouble. Since (be arrest of soma of the ring leaders la tho riotous demonstration, a few of tbo hot head Communists have gone among these Ignorant men and told them that the police and pros* bad no* become afraid of them, and any demand'which they made would bo complied with, PUOVIDED THEY USED FORCE sufficient to compel the employers to submit. Thi demand Is now for $1.73 a day, and no less, Tbe Bohemian speeches and those of tho Poles 1 were of the most fiery character, “ Bum down thi lumber piles,’’ said one of tbe speakers. They appealed for means to buy arms so that they could drive tht meu away wbo would continue to work for <1.50 a day, or to shoot any employer who would mako a preton slon of defending his property. Tbo must lawless nett were advocated, though there was little demonstration outside of tho applause which the Ignorant mass gave the speakers. In this respect tho mob.was rather well behaved. They called for monoy to ball out any wbo might be arrested, and to defray tho expenses o( their trials. Tho police and press wore alluded to in tho most Jeering terms. They were spoken of as tho paid hire- 1 lings of tho capitalists, and as foes to tbs working 0 men. Ono dollar a bead was asked from each muu ,: so that 41 WEAPONS COULD DE Pt'OCITASED Insufficient quantity to arm at least 150 of (hem, top drive out all who would not Join tho strikers. Tlicyv would taka no less than $1.75 per day, and won Id-j allow no man to work for less than that in any] lumber-yard In Chicago. Oaa of ibo speakers 1 pointed to a neighboring house where sub eertptions would bo received, and whore volun teers could leave (heir namee and contribute arras. Among the mob were scattered a few police men In citizens’ clothing, but they were not molested The reporters wore followed from tho grounds by i queer-looking crowd, who muttered lu Bobsmlan, but they were not disturbed. There Is no doubt that tho men mean mischief, and they will gather together this morning for tho purpoeo of driving out all men who work in lumber-yards at less than $1.50 a day. U'»w •ver, tiergt. Vesey, who has ebargo of tbo Umraan Street Station in the vicinity, will, no doubt, be pre pared to give any attempt at rioting a prompt squelch- , sg. He will have Uls men sll on duty and be pro-, pared to send In an alarm os soon as any serious aetm lustration Jo attempted. , NIGHT. 0 night T 0 quint night t , Bathed in the dear starlight, Bringing to weary souls Hwcet rest sad calm repose, Casting o'er grass and turners Bright, sparkling, dewy showee From Heaven's pure cell,— Thine is tba still? hour When those In Trouble's power. And thoco who mourn their dead With sad, low-bending head, Find for their bitter grief Transient but sweet relief In sloop's calm spelt. On IbV soft winds ascend' iTayors from tho saints who bsofl Humbly at Ula great throus Whose mighty power alono^ Can to the troubled-heart Comfort and Joy Impart, And perfect rust. O night I on thy still atr Soft zephyrs eeom to hear From those who, gone before, Walt on tho shining shore. Luw-wldsperod words of ioTflt Telling (hat safe above, 'Uuag the puce blest. They watch and watt for mit And that they o'er will bo Guardians to guide, each dV Safe lu tho narrow way, My weak and faltering feet; Ami that they e'er will keep Watch to ths last. O night t thino Is ths bonr When my mind's mighty powiff Traces ou Meeting wings O’er my life's wanderings, Bringing back uuto mo Plainly tho memory Of days long past. Ah i then I shrink with dread. With shame I how my head, When Conscience whispers lowt 44 As o'er thy hfu I go, Few kindly acta 1 sue,— Little the charity Thy hand e’er cast." O night I unto my breast Bring dull forgetfulness; Let not my mind e'er stray Back to Youth's happy day,— Ur pluck from FsSt away homo Hooting, misspent day, Or idle hour. O night I unto my heart titroet, quiet iioaco Impart; Tucli my wild, rovlug thought To deem toe past »a naught, lint lift ila eyes above With trust Ju Hli great lore _ And mighty power. UttiA A Remarkable Don ot snake* ApoUlon City (J/o.) Democrat, This sooms to ho tho time of yearwhonsnaxei aro moat abundant. Wo loam from Mr. A. <l. Hoffman, who lives in tho north part of tho cuuuty. that recently, aa ono of bin hired mou was going down a small gulch, ho camo upon a Eorfeot uost of smarming reptiles, the ground olug covorod with little and big ooils of black, shining bodies that woro basking. Knowing tho habits of those reptiles, the man wont back to tho farm and reported to Mr. Hoffman what ho bad soon, wbeu U was decided to wait until evoulug. after the snakes bad retired to thou bole, and endeavor to gill them off. Just aftei sundown both men repaired to the place, to ilni uot a vestige or tail of a snaho to be seen, bis woll-boatou trails loading to a bole in tbo grpini about the slzo of a bucket, wuiob wont now shntingly under the earth. Tbo ground wi I beateu down us solid as though it bad bee pounded with » mullet or usod asocroquo ground for a whole (season. Mr. Hoffman i somewhat acquainted with tbo habits of thoi animals, so bo stationed tbo hired nu at tuo mouth of tbo bolo wtt. au iron bar, having a sharp book o, tbo end, and began hauling out tu uitly ‘•critters.” Tuo lirst to respond to ni thrust was ono which measured H fo«t d h* c hei in length, aud was ono of the blaoksuain species. After working for an hour aud a tut or so, and having drawn out HW snakes, tboj quilted fur the day. Next morning, beforeJ tu* suu was up, they began agaiu aud drew forti 1147 more of tbo reptiles, when tbo mine soomet to give out. Tbo rock and soil ou top of tin nest was thou removed and au excavation about tho slzo of a barrel was found. It is suppose* tint this family of intakes had hold possosewe of tho prstrius for years, as muuy measure* from t> to 12 foot iu length, aud were »a Wfl l round aa a mau’k leg. i

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