Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 10, 1876, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 10, 1876 Page 2
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2 u charged me wtm utofKter moUresi red of beta* * •atton* member, anti those many little •pM®*.* H' a * iou*t apply amoDff gentlemen, that 1 think it it my Mt-r At tbla lime to define my position. 1 hare bad a mt (n many deliberative bodies, and 1 must any-wlth all die* tee poet to yonrtelf, personally—and right hero fwiati to elate Umt no man entertains a higher esteem or your Honor than I do-thal I have never arena maiding officer attempt *o revolutionary a proceeding, or act a* yon bare in tbla case. Allow me lo wiracat. Ur. President, that if wo ara doing thing* tlleamlly, you wilt certainly bare your ml real lu court, •bleb wonld be a proper courae, instead of putting lliat onu* on tie. If we ara to a majority, working de* IlhersUtely and respectfully here, yon should enter tain all our motions. Hot yon rofneo to put them, and alen refuse to put the appeal; and now, when wo call upon a gentleman upon the floor to put it, you, by In timidation, apparently, order him not 10. I cannot tell bow much force there ia In tboeo covert words or youra when you say you willeiarclao all the rights and powers of your office, and that this question must not ho put. Now, Mr. ITesldent, forbear! please do for bear. It will be for tho beat all round. If wo do wrong, you bate redresa In tbo courts. Aa an Alder* man of tbo Twelfth Ward, my duty •la clear; 1 have a line of duty which I must pursue, I bare been Bent here by ff.tVW voles can In my ward. The enmo rotes that were Siren me were also glrcn Mr. Itoynoj and l am In uty bound, if pooelble, to aee that gentleman the pre siding officer of this body. Von can see my duty, amt whatever intimidation may be employed, I muat mt It shall have no effect upon me. 1 must pursue this lino, and carry nut the orders n ‘J eormtltnpauu lam In duty bound. Mr. Chairman, to im Mr. Iloyno presiding officer oflldsCouncil, which is tbo expressed will of ray constituent*, and I trust, Mr. Chairman, whatever may bo your design* upon this Council, you will not attempt any course, breauso J ahftll follow this hue through if It b« tho laat act of my life. [Cheers.] ALP. CULLERTON— I hone that them will bo no occasion for force being nsed. Hut should there bo occasion in that direction, 1 am convinced of the opinion and the idea that tho trover* Uint l« will recognize this Council. Two thirds of this Connell are doing what 1 Pursuing the j*wb of this BUto as laid down In the charter— Mr- Colvin—Not at all. _ . . AI(L Cullerlon—And nolblng more. We are doing It lu a legal and orderly manner, and I fear no force, for 11 could not be used in this body. And no force, to power of the presiding officer of tbla body. In di rect violation of Its rule*. and of all lawaaud com mon decency, dare wk any officer to com mit n v«sh act, I know Just what I am sneaking of. The powers that be are in the control of thia body, and not of tho presiding officer: and I do hope that nothing of that kind will be called in here, or oven attempted to bo called 10. 3)0 not place the officers, tho police officers, in any position of that character. They arc under tbo control of a City Mar* sha>—under Ida supervision—to protect the Interaata tad the right* of every citizen of this city. Mr. Colvin—lliat la what 1 waul to do. Aid. Cn'lerlon—And to preserve order. If the at tempt— the mere attempt or tho carrying out—of any act of ony member, acting In a legal and lawful man ner under tho direction of tho majority of this Coun cil, Is a disorderly act. then, sir, I would be tbo first noo to call upon the officers to preserve order. Hut It la not a disorderly act. It is the expression of two thirda of tho legislative body of the City of Chicago,— ' b body that baa under its control tho entire management nf this city. And such being thn case. X doubt uot but (hat the officer* will obey the dictates ct this Council. [Choera.J Aid. Hildreth, in a tnoek tone of voice quite unusual with him, expressed bit regret that the diseiusfon bad taken such a turn, and quoted tho law relating to tho duties of the Mayor in maintaining peace and order, etc. lie wound up by moving to adjourn, Tim Clerk—Tbo last motion woa • motion toad 4 GuUertoo—l will again request Aid. Aldrich to POT TUB QUESTION on the TVWWigo of tbo resolution. . . , Aid. Aldrich—Before 1 put the question, I wish to etalo most emphatically, Mr. President, that I do not Intend any disrespect whatever. When your Honor yesterday refused to put tbo question, and refused to entertain the appeal, I thought your conduct was revo ,’utlouary. However, when you slated you had no ol>- Axtloo to any member of the Council putting the (Question, It showed you had a delicacy in dealing with tue matter, and, therefore, I considered that with a fee ling of that kind your Intentions could not be revo lull unary. To-dsy a similar question comes up. I am .happy to Inform you, Mr. President, that Ido not dlMhargo this duty without precedents. It Is very rare that the preeiding officer, who is the servant of tbo body, dare disobey his rules. Bat there has been such a case, and I think you will romemlter It,— About the year 1810. when glorious old John Ouincy Adams took the floor of Congress at Washing ton to p-'it the question, and nobody called him revo lutionary.- He did It kindly. 1 have only to say now that Ido this with the conviction that I am In the Oolvtn—Ton will admit that tbo object of this Is ■imply to i»at me out of office 7 Aid. Aldrich—All these questions have beon in that Colvin—Yon undertake now to Instruct the City Olet k to notify all the city officers that I am no longer Msyor, and that Mr. Hoyne to to ho recognized as —I should say farther, Mr. President, (hat i*> illegal act can bo made legal. If we an doing an Illegal act it can do no harm. Mr. Oulvln—lt wilt complicate the affairs of the city Aid. Ali'rlch—l do not think so. If It is Illegal, it can bo remedied. . . „ ... Ur. Colvin—l have the beat reason to believe that the city affa-.'rs are complicated now. Aid. Aldrlfth—That U a question between yon and iho other gentlemen. 1 have a duty to perform, and 1 wish to do it with as kindly feeling as possible. Z don’t know tho other gentleman you have spoken of and 1 hare no sympathy with him in political mat ters, as 1 have had with you. I must follow the Uns which X believe It is my duty to follow, Mr. Colvin—Yes, 3 know that. Aid. Aldrich—The Clerk will please call the roQ on the question. Aid. Lawler rose to bis feet to speak Jnsl as the Clerk commenced, but was not observed by tho Chair, and the call was proceeded with. fa-U/iIUDAN. Aid. Sheridan wished to explain his vote, but Aid. Bimi objected. Aid. Sheridan—l will ruk [tho Council, then, to ex cuse m« from voting. Tbo roll-call was cooipkded, and Aid. Bherldan was called upon to vote. Aid. Sheridan—Before t2io vote Is announced X would ask tho Council to allow mo to make an explana tion. Consent «m granted. Aid. Bheridan—Wo bare arrived at a very particular Juncture—. - Aid. Ilyan—l object to the gentleman making a speech. Aid. Bheridan—l commenced before the objection was mado. Wo have gut now, fdr, where a revolution ary oonrso Uto be pursued. If the President of this body wishes to inaugurate a revolution in this city hu Is taking the right direction to do it Aid. Aldrich—l object to the further discussion of this question. Will the Council ozemse Aid. Sheridan 7 Bazoo words of a iienmaslvo nature In u low tone passed between the two gentlemen. Aid, Bheridan—Well, air, In order to prevent fur thcrcomplicatioue of this matter, in order to prevent confusion in this city, and frustrating any attempts at usurpation, 1 will veto '• aye," (Cheers.) Aid. Aldrich than announced the vote—yeas, K ; nays, 10—mado up oh follows : JVus— I'oareon, McAuU-y, ' Rosenborg, Ballard, Thompson, Aldrich, Ullbcrt, Blcwsrt, Sheridan, Oul lerton, Kerber, Lawler, Van Oedel, Btddlor, Smith, 'ibroop, Briggs, McCrea, lUwhdgb, Cleveland, Wheeler, Baumgartui, Waldo, l.liucnbarth, Kirk, Sosur—kC. Aaj/S—Bommer, Lading, Hildreth, O’Brien, While, tlyau, Kl&iwu, Lcugachor, Murphy, Bwooncy—lo. Thu result was received with loud cheers. Aid. Hildreth—l move (hu Council do now adjourn. Aid. Aldrich—l second the motion. Tho motion prevailed, and tho Council accordingly •IJonrued until Thursday afternoon. COLVIN’S CAUCUS- CU OfBCVLAH TO TUB BEAM OF DCFAUTVSNTB AND PUOCLAMATIOK TO TUB PUIiLIC. immediately on the adjournment of tho Coun cil tho Acting Mayor proceeded to hia dsn, ac companied by Joe Forrest, John Colvin, and Char lay Cameron. They wore subsequently joined by Jim McGrath, Ala. Hildreth,- Ilyan, Leu gnehor, O’Driou, and Bwceuoy, amt ox-Ald. Corcoran. Bloat, and Dickinson. Tho doors wore carefully locked, and all efforts made to deprive tho reporters of auy Information. Tho caucus was a long one. Tho situation woo die tayuod by lliidrcth, Forrest, Cameron, and the usurper, though at iutervalu some of tho others "hove in” & few brief sentences. The reporters lingered, occasionally driving dull tare away by putting up Jobs to conscript what fragments of the mutation might bo surreptitiously hoard. Finally, about half past 7, tbo jwrtly form of thu private secre tary to llarvoy 1. emurgod through tbs door with the tallowing documents, which bo allowed tho reporter to copy. They explain tlieimu-lviis : To (Head of Department], Caioauo, Slay U.—Tho Common Council having In ui unlawful and revolutionary manner parsed a reso lution ordering thu heads of thu respective depart ments to acknowledge Thomas lloyuu os Mayor of this city, and to obey bis official commands, I hereby warn you to pay no respect to tho provisions of said roeoiu- Uon under pain of Immediate removal, said aollou of theUuuucltbeing unlawful, Respectfully, 11. 1), Colvin, Mayor. Numerous copies of the foregoing were made, signed, aud sent to the heads of the following Depart ments : PubUo Library, Bridewell, Public Works, Police, Fire, Law. Treasurer, Comptroller, Building Inspector, City Weigher, Uas Inspector, Pou&dkeeper, itc. to all ov ra. Tbs other proclamation was os follows i Maxou’s Uimuk, Cuicioo, May 9, 1870.—T0 (As People of the Citw >if Chitons: Vfbems, ths City Conn* til of the City of Chicago nave, In violation of law and In a levoluUouary manner, declared Thomas Uoyns Mayor of tba city, and have attempted by various uu* lawful and revolutionary ordure In Council to place him in iKDWur over the leqilly-conilllutcd authorities, and bavo by aald unlawful orders directed all beads of Department* of thu City Uovemmeut to obey the order* and recoqnlze tbo sold lioyuu ua the lawful Mayor of the city; now, therefore, I. Harvey D. Colvin, the lawful Mayor of the City of Chicago, du hereby warn all tu-ad* of the respective departments, as well a* all o(beers of ths city, to pay so regard to aald illegal and revolutionary orders, they bafiugnoioTteurvirtueiabiw. 1 likewise request all geod citizens to aid In thu preservation of law and order, tn the protection of public and private property, and in ths conservation gumraliy of (ho public peace. 11. V. C'OLViH, Mayor. After the conclntlon of this weighty Job the party ad* lomcj*4 teU* *etx«) gt& niU uvtuto ths veraoc sad Honored tin for farther emnmHMlfm. tl *u etaUd that there worn * number of e«rtlftc»*rw to bo slrtioJ, and lionco Iho Mayor was obllßOd to wtnrn to W« offleo, tmt tliaprwence of HllJrotli, Jlcoratb, and Cameron was not needed for that purine®. WIU. KOT OIVK DPjnR SHIP. A Tamn.Hß reporter mot the Acting Mayor last ffwa* »p, and interviewed him na follows: ‘•Should Mr. Horne call around and demsndtho fneo of Mayor to-morrow Itu-dayJ, will you grant *• Nn, sir, I «1U not.'* " Will yon surrender the possession of your office In o City building should ho formally demand It ?" •• No, sir. '• What will yon do ? ..... . .. M I vtill toll him that T am the legal Mayor, and If he think* that ha is atul grant* the office, be mo«t ap ply to the Courts for lt. M . ... •• Should ho luileton taking possession, what win rondo?** •' I will endcaror to protect my rights," and ho then proceeded to repeat the proposition ho made In his replr to the demand of the Exposition mass-meeting, In his recent message, and lu hla speech to the Coun cil Monday erenlng. HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS. VUI THEY BAY OP THE SITUATION. lannediatoly after tho adjournment of the Council, a Thuiunk reporter started on a tour around the City-Hall, for tho purpose of ascer taining tho tlqwb of the beads of the depart ments—" which King, Uezonian." Tha first head whom tho reporter encountered was Milto Hailey, (bo Huildiug Inspector. Ho could not say what ho would do ; it would bo necessary for him to road tho action of the Council and tho Mayor’s proclamation. Then ho would mice legal advico. "At all events," Bald ho, ** I will act for the beet Interests of tho city.” Police Superintendent Hickey was the next victim impaled on tho rcportorisl pencil. Ho declined to be Interviewed, but, on being pressed far an answer, said be would obey the orders of tha City Marshal, who was hla superior. tax coiuiifsioneu mVhiatix greeted the reporter cordially, and, on being Interro gated a* to whether ho would eerve under Ihe banner of Oolrlo or Uoync, said he did not know what the Council liod dou«; it would be neoweary for him to got posted on the situstiuu. and then ho would deter mine. Aa he wa* dotted with C.ilvin a couple of hours or more after the adjournment of tho Council, it la safe to say that lie Lae sworn eternal fidelity to Harroy 1. art MAUSUAL OOODELL Tlulled Mr. Colvin while ho was engaged In the caucus with Hildreth, Forrest, Cameron, el al,, and hobnob bed with him eomo time. What he then agreed to do, ho dodloed to stale, lie did uot, however, withdraw the allegiance so freely tendered to Colvin during the forenoon. cosnrnoLLEn hates •ays be is not running hi* office lu the interest of Mr. noyau or Mr. Colvin. He has the interoxt of the city at heart, and be proposes to protect them. Wnen ask* c<l a* to whom bo would ol«y, he replied* that Mayor Hoyne had aald ho had no objection# to Colvin signing the dooms*ry papers to enable the Uoportmente to got along. “ All 1 want to do," said Mr, Hayes, **le to avoid complications, and 1 have anticipated much of thin before It came on, and 1 don’t think there will be any trouble here." As to which gentleman be would recognize, he aald ho couldn’t teli until the notification came to him. Nothing was left on band except the payment of (he police and firemen and laborers, and ha had drawn the warrants aome days sgo, so the difficulty when it carao would not delay mien payments. As to the legality of documents signed by Colvin after yesterday, and the effect on rerun* cates signed by the ox-Mayor, Ur. Uayea said that Colvin’s signature was not likely to be required at present to any important docu ment*, and that the certificates, having boeu signed Jirlor to the installation of Mayor Hoyne, were not af acted by the new order of things. There wore still aomo certificate# offering in the Eastern market, but ho did not think their valuo would be impaired or their legality put in question, and felt confident that they would eoon bo purchased. Ho said he hoped the trouble would soon he over, for he wanted the matter settled, and the affairs of the city straightened ouU THE LATEST. AN INJUNCTION TO OB APPLIED FOB. Tbo Usurper and his cotmeol, Messrs. Goody and Beckwith, and Hildreth, White, Joe Forrest, and others of his henchmen, held a caucus in bis office last night from y o'clock till midnight. Tho whole field was thoroughly canvassed, andeii was determined to apply this mom to the Circuit Bench for an Injunction restraining the lion. Thomas Hoyne from making any attempts to ob tain possession of tbo office of Mayor, to which bo waa elected by the people. WISCONSIN. Examining Old Accounts* Special D(irmlc\ to Tfi* Chicago IrtAun* Madison, Wls., May V.—Tbo Legislative Investi gating Committee met this morning, with but throe tnombers present. A short session waa devoted to the examination of Mr. Evlaton, of Milwaukee, lu regard to the excessive cost of repairing tho Capitol boilers last fail, which bo explained was In consequence of tho disadvantages under which the work was done with the bollore in position and flpea going alongside, and maintained that tho charges were fair. It waa a straight'transaction and it had nothing wrong. It appeared from tho testimony that tho work cost much more on account of the time at which 11 was done, Jf It bad been done lu summer, the boilers not under repair could have been loft cold. It was postponed po It would not have to be paid for In the State fiscal year, and to show Beforni figures of economy. RAILWAY NEWS. VANDERBILT ON RATES. SpedalDitpatehto Th* Chicago TWMtne. New Youk, May 9.—A rumor was current In Wall street tonlay that some of tho railroad companies pro poned to make a reduction of passenger rates to sll between New York and Chicago. Tbo report was found false, positive denials being given by tbo oillcen of nil the trunk lines. The officials of each line seem to bo wntchlng all the others with suspicion, fully de termined not to bu cut under, and the action of a single company would start a general dcclluo In the price of both paesenge and freight rates. The majority of the railroad agents In this city ex press a belief that« satisfactory understanding will be reached soon, as It la for the Interest of tho coun try (7), as well as the railroads, to avoid a general railroad wnr. The freight agents ]of tho Erie, Balti more k Ohio, and Pennsylvania Railroads say that they arc adhering closely to tho west-bound freight rates established March ff under strict orders from headquarter*. A reporter called on Commodore Vanderbilt, and found nlm fast recovering from his recent slckncHS. His long confinement has made him weak, but ho no longer sufferd any pain, and is fast recovering his strength, lio now alts in a chair during most of the day, and takes frequent walks from one room to another, lio was reclining on a lounge In the parlor, engaged in conversation, when tho reporter entered. lie was In a mood to talk on railroad matters, in re gard to which he has kept himself thoroughly inform ed during bis tllnoea. Tho primary cause of tbo trouble, ho sold, is to ho found In tho fact that tho railroad facilities of the country are more than airw%-nt for tho work to be done. As a natural result of cirta each railroad tries to get as great a roo«si*ny or what traffic there is as It possibly can, and Hu, Uwa of relf-prasarrstlon obliges each road to protect itself agauut the competition of others. The great source of income to the trutrt; Toads is the freight which lu carried from tho West tothufii-a board. For the soke of Illustration, suppose all goods to In Hhippcd from Chicago to tho seaboard to be either for Boston, Kew York, Baltimore, or Phliadbl phis. The distance from Chicago to Baltimore by the Baltimore h Ohio Uallcoad is 100 miles l%«ttltMitU« distance from Chicago to Now York by way of the Kew York Central, aud tho distinct) between Chi cago and Philadelphia by way of tho Pennsylvania Itailroadls also about IUO miles shorter than the Now York Central route. The Baltimore &Ol io and the Pennsylvania Bond have demanded from thu Central the right to reduce their fartw to correspond with Ihs difference In the dlsian.-e, but Mr. Vanderbilt thought that, If the Central could afford to carry freight 100 miles further for the same charge and make a living by it, the demand ought not to »e complied with. On thu other hand, the (trend Trunk Hallway, from Chicago to Boston, is a lunger route by 160 miles than tho Central route, and on this account the Omni Trunk demands the right to reduce lu fares below those of llio Central to attract shippers. Thus, the Central Hall rood, Mr. Vanderbilt sssurts, is placed on the defensive by all tho other trunk linui,—one road demanding thu right to reduce fares bscauuu It is a longer route, and the other roads demanding the same right because they are shorter routes. Tho Central Hoad would bo satisfied with uniform rates from tho West to all points on tho suaboard. To the suggestion that such rates would give New York the advantage over ail other cities, and, conse quently, give the Central Hoad an advantage over all other trunk Unco, .Mr. Vanderbilt said that, if the natural advantages of New York City us a seaport and metropolis gavu it superiority over the other cities, he did nut believe lu making combinations which would deprive It of the prominence which rightfully belonged to it. lie aala, In closing the conversation, that the Inter* ret of the Central Hoad woa to keep on the defensive, but to conform to established rates as much sspoaal- Ue, •• in other word*,” sold he, as he turned to look through some letters Jolt brought to him, “since ] have been a railroad man 11 has always been my prao* tlco to let my opjwueuts make tbs rates, and 1 follow them au long as they do not put the rats so high os to be an tmpoalUoa on ths public." THE ILLINOIS TAX OASES. ft>«e(al IHtpmUK to fAs C'hUatto TViVun*. Brantaruttu, XU., Mayo,—Thellon. J. K, Edsall, Attorney-General,haa to-day given official notice to lbs railroad oorporalloua and oihars Interested that, on Mayl7,be will wove in (bu United States Court,North ern District. to dltaolvo the Injunctions therein obtain* ed, restraining thu County Collector* lit the several counties front cullucung tho assessment on capital stock. ST. PAUL & DAKOTA, tyxctal Uitpauh U Th* t’/.ifuj/o Ittiune. St. Paul,Mlnu.,May 9.—Thu urgaidzatlon of (be Bt. Paul At Dakota Hahroad Company, Intending to build aud operate a branch lino frum thu Ht. i’ aU | & Sioux City Itoad at Worthington to Bloux Falla, was com jiioUd to-day, and contracts were awarded for balUlan to Lawns, to Lock County, Vi milts. “ THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY MAY 10, 1870, CENTENNIAL Staid Old Fhlladolpbla Dangerously Intoxicated with Excitement The Enervating Warmth of Monday Changed to Moist Unpleas antness Yesterday. A Hundred Thousand Dollars’ Worth of Dank Bunting Flapping Around. Tile Big Show Crawling Out of its Bull Chrysalis of Shavings and Pack ing-Boxes. Aivfltl Congregation of Dignita ries to Witness tlio Open ins. YESTERDAY. GREAT rnOOREBS, £p«cfal JXipatch to Tne C'hicatn JVffitm*. PmhADßLrnu, May 9.—Croat progress hat boon made einoo yesterday in clearing (ho Exhi bition buildings of tho accumulated rubbish. Early this morning long trains ladoo with empty boxes of all sizes and nationalities began to move from tho grounds, and tho butineas was continued through tho day. Homs of the trains contained thirty or forty oars each, so that the transportation facilities wore Tory groat. In many of tho pansages where locomotion was Tory difficult yesterday, ono could walk easily this afternoon. There was loss carpentering to-day than yesterday, and AN ABUT OF SWEEPERS were engaged in clearing oat the dost and shav ings which had accumulated la Urge quantities. Some of the side aisles will bo fall of boxes jot unpacked, belonging chiefly to foreign countries. Thoro was much complaint among foreign Com* mlsaionors at the dllatoriucas.of the coutraotors in preparing the pavilions and cases. TUNIS, I’EUU, ETC. The Hon. Qoorge 11. Heap, who represents tho Ilogoncy of Tonis, said to-day that be mode a contract to have everything ready by to-day, but tho oontraotor bad done very little, and tbo blamo was upon bis laborers. The Tunisian pavilion is not yot half finished, and none of (bo coaos of goods have boon opsuod. Tbo same is tbo cast with Porn and some other Bouth American btatoa. Tbo foreign Commissioners do not, os far as I can learn, lay any blame upon tbo American Commienionora. TUG COMPLAINT IS AGAINST TUI CONTRACTORS, who undertook much more than they could car ry out. Tbs boavy rain which followed tbo beat of yesterday cooled the ait and made Philadel phia eomowbat lees unendurable, bat it convert ed (bo streets surrounding tho Exhibition into maddylaoee, and supplied BETCRAL SQUARE ACRES 0? YELLOW PORRIDGE inside the grounds, Down town, until uoon, ouo could easily know who had boon to tho Exhibi tion by the mud on his boots, and, by n careful study of its color and character, the particular put of tho grounds ho had visitod could bo as certained. Locomotion auywhoro but on tbo plank flooring, or thoetono or asphalt pavomon ts, was very disagrooablo, and many mud-hating pedestrians took to thorailway-traok and hoppod along tlio tics. DESPITE THE RAIN AND MUD, thsro waa great activity in ami out tho buildings and strings of carts wora constantly arriving with lumbar and other matorialfff' or departing with empty boxes. As was announced yesterday no goods for exhibition wore allowed to ontor tho grounds to day, and dozens of unhappy exhibitors tbrouged at tbo gates and besought the (Jommlaalonors (or passes on pretexts moro or loss reasonable MEMORIAL HALL has progressed Uko tho main building, but somo what leaa rapidly owing to tho more cumbersome nature of tbo material to bo handled. It la ru mored Uut there may be Home changes In the arrange ment of the pictures, owing (o a complaint about tho prominence of Sothennol’a Urge lalntiug.’of (ho Bittlo of Gettysburg. Tho enormous size of the picture causes all surrounding works to appear very small, and many persona think it in bad taste, in this Cen tennial year of good-will, brotherhood, and that sort of thing, to have such a conspicuous reminder of our lata uupleaaonlnree. TUB liAp FEELIKO BETWEEN HEW TOItS AND rUILAUELTIUA la on the increase, and specl il attacks have bosn mods by the New York critics on what Philadelphia has done. Sumo of them pronjunca Itothorraol'a picture a row! specimen of calclmiolng, and others asclare that Philadelphia has not an artist lit to bu represented In the Exhibition. The Philadelphia critics are sharp ening their pencils far NeVr York, and, baforu tho hchboii la over, there wIU be much amusement for out siders. MACHLSCLT BALL presents s One appearance, though then are many empty spaces on tho door, and many pieces of ma chinery not ready to start. Tho umugouiunt of the shafting lu excellent, and the interior, on the whole, presents a liner appearance than did the ma chine ball at Vienna. America is represented in greater proportion hero than was Austria at Vienna, which Is, doubtless, duo to thu difficulty of Irauiiport ing heavy machinery from Europe, There is a lino collection of locomotives, weighing and sowing ma chines, looms, plowj, rtapcis, and (ho Uko. and the competition for prifos will bo very active. The sew ing-machines will attract much'attention, owing to the pretty faces of tho many young women engaged to manage them and explain (heir use. AUIUCULTUIUL HALL la more backward than any other, and will not be ready for some time. Borne humorous com ments havu been mado on tho Immense quantities of wines, liquors, and cordials in the Agricultural Department. Tbo supply Is some thing cuonnuus, audjcapecially when tho groat temper auoe of Philadelphia and thu high morel views of the OeuUanltl Commissioners are taken into consider*- tluu. Prom Branco alone (horu sro over 600 exhibit ors of wines and spirits, aud some of the wins men have managed to get into two or throe nationalities. One champagne house exhibits in the Austrian De partmeut because its raw wines camo from Austria | in the Breach Deyartmuu t because tho champagne is nude lu Prauco ; and in the American section because H has on agency lu Kew York, Bed-nosed men of sdouos have learned of tho imuicuse stock of drlukabli-H, and are very anxious to hud places on the Jury for wines and spirits. Perhaps tho decision against opeolsiff tho exhibition on Hunday was Influenced by tho fear that Philadelphia would he likely to behave badly if uiwMtp go there on the day which many of ihi clu<-Ad«vßli to intoxication after churuh boats are over. TUB PEBIHinAL PICKPOCKET la hero In goodly numbers, and to-morrow will bring forth more of him. Borne arreata have been made of well-known fingor-urtlftts, but tba end la nut yet. Tbo denao crowd 10-morruw will afford opportunity fur brilliant operations, and many watches and purses Mill change bands. There la a atory that tbs Commission "baa not boon Tory careful in select* lug men for guams and policemen, and that many thieves have already found places on the force, where they coo combine bualuoea with prollt. At Vienna many exhibitors complained of the pilfering which was perpetrated by guards and watchmen, and Quite likely history may repeat itself here. The storm of last night haa revealed A MhUY coxomcm or noon. Tbo main building let the water through In aereral places, and the muuo was the caae wllb corns of the other structures. In case of a severe aterm, with a hluh wind, the damage to thu property of exblbllora might be very eerlous. Hovoral of the state buildings nave bad roofs, and, In Boms instance*. there have been quarrels with contractors concerning their work. Men with all aorta uf patent roofing are on hand and offering to make the building proof everything abort of tuumr-ahclla or volcanic atoaus, It la not Improb* able that several roofs or sections of roofs will bo changed in order to inauro nrutco* Uuu against harm. In Vienna, on a single afternoon, a heavy shower ruhiod many thousand dollars worth of goods, and led to a serious quarrel about the responsibility for tho logs. The tame thing Is liable to occur t«e. LOWN-TOWN In Philadelphia things have been very lively all day. in spite of the rain. The hotels ar« as full aa rabbit* warrens, and many of the boarding boasts are like wise, and the arrival Uda afternoon of the Governor uf Maasachusetla with staff and escort was thu ucca* alou fur tho display uf an immense deal uf bunting. Gov. itlco'a party was unfortunate enough to ar* rive In the rain, bo that the uniforms ul the Massachusetts soldiers, as well as those of the I'enuayivauia aoldlera who received thorn, were badly soaked. The Massachusetts lancers arrived to* night in a pouring rain, and marched up Chestnut streot with the water dripping from their white plumes and running down tboir Jackets, They hope to bo wrung out ami sufficiently dried by to-morrow to escort the Governor to tho opening show. It would take a long column to tell WUO AilE HEhB BOW, tod vte will t* Juts totowmr* Youtatv tUttart (he movement* Of tbfl President and Cabinet, of the foreign Minister*. and tho oilier prominent and Iran* elent Inhabitant* of Washington. Wo hava nearly •I) the New England Governors, ami (hern aro soma other tilato Governor*, and (hero are all aorta of Hlata officials ana non-officials, Uko (ho rag, tag, and bobtail of* National Convention, There arc politicians of every hue and era, and clergymen of every light and abode, doctors of great and little pills, merchant*, lawyer*, (hlevro, farmer*. banker*, ganihlera, show men.aliopkeepers ends very known class of men in the country. Thera are (houianda who cannot bo deaertb ed, am! there are other thousand* of bride*. Yon ran boar twenty different language* arodnd the Kxhtbl tiun buildings, and can make U thirty If you try hard. A World'B Fair, Uko poverty, acquaints one with strange bedfellows. um. WHh beating of drama and blowing of trumpets the dlyawnlLi the coming of the birthday of the nation. A regular, old-line Philadelphian dropping in hero suddenly ibis evening, after an absence of a mouth, would scarcely recoguixo the place, so wonderful has been its mcUtnorphoaia, No longer docs theplacld fam ily-horso, trotting contentedly tn front of bis market going tulatre*s, break the dreadful sMllnoaa of Cheat unt street, nor is the traditional nursemaid <u her white cap trundling tho omnipresent baby along the lavement the only moving object that greet* tho eye la the rcsidonco-cpiartcr. Btald and pcaoolnl Philadelphia ho* deported along will) the century, and now them eslsta a city l>ctween the Schuylkill aud the Delaware as cosmopolitan ns Paris, and Afl LIVELY Aft CHICAGO. The streets, which, like the Scriptural path to (he Happy are straight and narrow, fairly boil over with the novor-ooaalng Udo of animated beings. Carriages aud street-care are Jammed together and blocked, flags of every heathen and Christian country float from innumorablo staffs, amt wave nl>ovo tho head* of pedretriaua. All the buildings on the malu thoroughfare* ore profusely decorated, to-NIOHT the store* are Illuminated, and the street densely populated. Notwithstanding the occasional showers of rain, Chestnut street presenV a brilliant spectacle from the old BtatMloueo. widen Is literally burled la a forest of banners, to Hroad street. Market, Wal nut, Arch, and tho cross streets make fully ss lavish a display. All the dowu-towu hotels are, of course, crowded, lu tho corridors of the Continental one can scarcely force hi* way, so thick is the congregation, aud everybody U perched da TUB TOPMOST PINNACLE OF EXCITEMENT AND ANTICIPATION. Military uniforms, with their bright colors, are plen tifully sprinkled among tho throng. Here may bo *ocn a member of the Guards of .the Governor of Massachusetts, there an attache of tho Brazilian Court, and yonder a Dancer or member of some local organization. Hedies would be unite lost in tho tu mult. and are sensible enough to atay off the streets. The decoration* are ratify worth a more extended no tice than can be given in a brief telegraphic dispatch, and it Is estimated (hat at usaat SIOO.OOU worth or flags, busting, AND NATIONAL EMHLEMS will embellish tho buildings in tho heart of tbs city. In ths Ticlnlly.of Ninth and Chestnut streets (he sight will ho unusually imposing, as the broad fronts of tho Continental Hotel and Girard House aru covered with flags of ah nations, wbilo from tho numerous staffs Upon those establishments Immense flags of our own country will wavs gracefully in tho May-dsy breeze. Workmen woro engaged In DEUUIIATINU THIS STATE-HODOB during Monday afternoon, and by midnight (he last touches were completed. The sacred old edifice has been magnificently adorned In honor of great national events lu tho past, but never so lavishly os now. Tho building will blaze with gaa-Jota in the evening. OTHER DISPLAYS, Tho Mayor's office la decked lu fine style. Across tho street tho toauu of tho Press Club are tastefully bcAUllfiodwith on extensive display of flags, eo to bo visible frum the street below. Hood, Uonbrlght it Co., dry goods merchants on Market street, have a most elaborate decoration Inside and outside of their large establishment- Over 1,800 yards of bunting have been employed, while hundreds of flags of ail nations are beautifully grouped and placed lu conspicuous posi tions. This firm has united with J. H. Unpin entt fc Co., Joel Halley A Co,, Ellison & Bon, J. AL Morris & Co., and James Warner it Co,, for a mutual extensive decoration, and, as those firms rouge In a row, the display will bo tho largest In town, besides these, ovary "tone building, public office, and school building has flags on Ua exterior. TUB INVITATIONS o participate In the opening ceremonies number over 3,0j0. Among them are theau: to the Kings, Queens, Emperors, and President# of foreign countries, mom bent of foreign legations and their ladles, members and officers of both Jlfonsea of Congress and their wives, foreign Commissioners, Prwddsut of the United HtaUs,Supremo Court of the United Slates,Government Hurcaus. State Centennial Hoards, Governors of States and staffs, members of the Pennsylvania Legislature. General of the Army, officers of the army, Mayor and Councils of Philadelphia, rslrmounl Park Commit- Blonors, Women's Executive Bureau, etc. TUB TRAINS this evening aro bringing in vast numbers of people from all parts of tho country. Now York, Boston, and tho Western cities send largo delegations. As a conse quence the principal Exposition Hotels are filled for tuo Ural time in their brief hlmory. AT THE (Jl.nilE, which In a sort of political headquarters, the I.TK) rooms oui all engaged. Among the people there aro tho Pennsylvania Btsto Legislature and ths entire Congressional delega tion. Gov. Ltldlngton, of Wisconsin, is (hum; mno Senators llaudolph, Ferry, Howe, Oglesby, Bhuruun, Momll, and Gordon. (Shortly before 3 o’clock arrived at the Pennsylvania depot from Washington, having been convoked on a special cat belonging to Tom Boott. Tho train contained also tho Judge* of tho Supreme Court, with (heir ladles. Upon arriving, the Proaiunut was escorted to a carriage lu waiting and conveyed to tho reeldcuco of George W. Child*, whou guest no will be during his stay in tho city. wan expected to arrive this evening, and reporters of tho different papers have been anxiously looking for Mm all the evening. It It not known whether Tie is hero or not, aud it 1" aus|>octod that, to preseeve his Incognito, lie come lu quietly by autuu unusual route, and is now sojourning lu some unsuspected quarter. (To (Aa AtiaeiaUJ Vraai.l TUF WEATiIKU. PatLADZLTRiA, May,9—Ualu htw been falling steadi ly since last night, with no prospects of a spoedy ces sation. Homo fear is felt of a serious interference with the opening ceremonies of tho great Exposition to-morrow. The rain, however, does not interfere with tho display of bunting, which is profuse through out tbo city. There is a gioat Influx of visitors, aud throngs of utraugera are ou the ntrwla, THE ATTENDANCE at (be Centennial ground* to-morrow promlees to be very largo ami to represent a large proportion of tho nationalities of ttio world. Among Uio distinguished visitors arriving to-dny are President Grunt and his wife, who are the cutw la of Mr. G. W. Childs; the Emperor of Bror.ll, who Joins the Empress at the Con tinental; Guv. IUI-o, of MwmcliusctU, with Lis full military statf; Bocrotaries Fish, Ilobcaon, Bristow, Tuft, Chandler, Attorney-General Plerrepont, Poatmno tcr-Uoueral Jewell, CUlef-Jtu.Ucu Watte, and (lot*, liar tranfl, all accompanied by their wives, and entertained os guest* by various prumluont citizens. THE ARRANGEMENT)! for to-morrow's ezcrclrea uro in a favorable state of advancement, exhibition nutters being much nearer completion than there wus ground to anticipate. Borne of tho departments are In complete readlnuu, others nearly so, and there are but few which aru not in some considerable degree ready for visitors. HUH much will remain to bo done after to-morrow before the details are arranged. The gates of the grounds will be open to-morrow morning at 0 o’clock. Inauguration corrmimkn will commence at 10:16, and be concluded about 1 o’clock lu the afternoon, after which the Main Building. Ma chinery Hull, and Memorial lUU. reserved for invited giic-iU during tho ceremonies, will be Uirowu open to the public. iToaldcut Grant's escort to tba grounds will be Gov. llortrauft, with a division of Peunnylvanla and New Jersey troops. Various milttaty and society parades will tako place in the morning, previous to the open tag, but there will bo no general strsot parados as a part of the inauguration ceremonies. Moyor dtokcly has issued a proclamation, calling on all cttlzuus to observe to-morrow in a maimer tilting its importance. No proclamation was ueceassry, as everybody realized the ImporUmco of tbo day. Independence bell and the church bells of tbs oty an to he rung half an hour at sunrise, and again at sunset, brazil. Tba Brazilian steam corvette Nllhrroby arrived h era lost evening to remain until Dom Pedro’s departure. Hhs exchanged a salute of twenty guns wit a tbe United Htntcn frigate Congress. The Nlthornhy vnll return July 4 for tbe exprexs purpose of Minting tbo American flag. MENU OTA, ILL, SVcriul JMspifcA to The Chicago Tribune, Mem dot*, 111.. May 9.—A largo and ODthuaUsUo meeting was held here lost evening for tho purpose of holding a Fourth of July Centennial Celebration on a scab) worthy tbo occasion, Itomlutious were pksped that the CUy Treasury shall furnish sl,ooo, ana that the citizens b« sollcted for donaUons. Borne citizens proffer |33 each, PHILADELPHIA. THE GENERAL AHPBOT OF TUB EXPOSITION GROUNDS. Special Corrttvonienee of The Chieaoa Tribune, Philadelphia, May 4.— Four milas northwest from tho baaiuess-centro of tbo city Foiroounl Park beams, and on Us edge aro aUuatodtba buildings of the World's Fair. Tho journey out to the grenade la far from agreeable, whether It be performed la a hock, transfer-carriage, or a stroet-car. Of tbo etroet-car lines, that one running west on Walnut street la preferable, bolug tbo abortsat. Tbo forty-fourth street west from tho Delaware lUver is Belmont avenue. The visitor to tho Exposition who u not too much iu a harry, and wlto has no dread of dust, might profitably descend from tho vehicle la which be Is presumed to have been carried from the hotel, ami approach tho Uecca of his pil grimage on foot, reverently* Htralnlog hia gaze up the road, he will too much that Is Indis tinguishable. Ho will see rows of now bright red brick buildings, decorated with lingo and mauy-ahapod signs, of board, of can vas, of wire, and ah euruouuiod with the luoritablo flag. He will catch o glimpse of uu painted wooden stalls, of all manner of small houses, and towering abovo them, here and there, ed'augo and gigantic structures, of whoso purposes ho can form not tho slightest cluo. bull farther, glistening lu the sun, TUE UOOSTAIR OF ULASB which La JtAova as tho iUlu EspailUeo Saiid- Ing. Tho whole scene is novo! and inspiriting. It betokens life, energy, enterpriao, andaroneoa oolhnsioam. Before ino traveler lien a now world, of which ho is (o bo the Colnmbua,—he and novoral mill ions of othorn. Before him lies, in that com paratively email compass, all art, all science, all skill, all product,—the results of centuries. Bo ha Is not apt to pause and criticise or exam ine any of the preliminary features. Yet thorn hi something to be aald about the general outride appearance of tho Exposition. It may bo stated axloinatlcalty, that the approach to a grand exhibition of this kind should be Imposing and l«autlful. Here it la net so. Everything la new and raw, and decidedly unsentimental. Trees are prime factors in aland scni*. Who that vltdiod Vienna In lU7U will ever forget bis Aral Impression of TUB PftATBB ? Thera wore long and hroad avenues, Hoed with an cient elms, wtaoee umbrage nverprcod tho dark-green sward. The house*, such a* there were, looked forth from I heir nooks plctureeiuely. Art and taste were consulted m the construction of the commonest cafes and restaurant*. Gabled mots, rustle doorway*, and arched entrances to the gardens, were noticeable. Almost hidden In some leafy corner, reached by a winding foot-path, might be ■eon a broad-roofed cot tage, and around it, in Ihn niton air, tables with their group* of merry bccr-drlnkere. Nature was seldom marred, and art was not spoiled tn tho making. Uf course the Prater had all the advautagnof Its forcflU Without that it would not compare with PAin»ODNT I'AllK, The latter Is, as everybody knows, the most magnifi cent pleasure-ground In America. But the Exposition does not really hare any heunitt of It* landscape, ex ccyt one side—the rear. The buildings aro located at the southern extremity of tho Park, and the ap proach to them Is through a uewly-sottlcd (pnuter of the city, throughly uuromnntlc. Tho structures on both sides of Hclmnut avenue are generally loosely built, for temporary ui'e. Still, many of them aro curious, especially the hotels. Take a Swiss oottago. paint It green, nuke 11 fonrstorics in height, coo feet loug, with numerous wluga running back, haring wide porticos along its entire front and sides, and you hare tho Globe Hotel, with 11* 1,200 roams. There aro dozens of other places of entertain ment, smaller-sized, scattered around In the vicinity. They make on Interesting show,—restaurants, coffee house*. beer-gardens, concert-hall*, and tho rest. From 7 o’clock In tho moruiag until 7 o’clock at night the broad esplanade at the heed of Belmont av enue and In front uf tho mala entrance to the Exposi tion grounds, la TiIItONdED WITH NOISY PEOPLE. The sidewalks are lined wilb stalls, where one can buy a penny'" worth of caramels, or a lemonade, or a pocketful of peanuts, and the proprietors of which par* b\e their warn as nuceaKtaqly aa though gifted with leathern lungs. There is one old, haggard orange* vender against whom I shall entertain eternal enmity, on account of the persistency with which ho recites, in monotone, tho words: “ Onringls, fresh oiirlngls 1" There is s man who sells cats, and another who dis penses hot-roasted potatoes. The chlefest nuisance, though, Is tho guide*book boy, who oSHallo you a dozen times In crossing the street. After passing all these, yet another gauntlet is to be run,— tho 'bus, coicQ. and carriage-driver*. They generally manage to block Hie way effectually, and couiixl the travelers in make a wldo circuit, or dodge under tho horses* heads and between whouU that arc In dinger ous proximity. THE MAIN EXPOSITION BUILDING is in many respects imposing and elegant. It Is un fortunate that (ho principal entrance to It is at the end. There Is not enough room to produce the finest effect. The building itself Is not ao largo aa that at Vienna, and It is not nearly to long. The arrangement of tho Vienna building for affect was admirable. The grand portal stood In the centre of a splendid edifice, half n mile In length. A broad walk, bordered by beauti ful lawns, and varied by fountains nnd (•tatuary of tho moot elaborate description, led from the gala to the entrance. A more splendid front could not bo desired. The Philadelphia build ing Is not particularly ornaments!, nor was it built with regard to producing the highest outward effect. It Is practical and utile lint and lost. Nor yet can It bo called too plain; for the English towers, tho red-painted wood and Iron-work, and tho predominance oi glass throughout, lend an air of lightness and cleanliness to tho structure. It Uan excellent building, and ono can almost sigh that U should bo doomed to so early and cruel a death as has bceu assigned to ft. Turn Scott has bought it, and will pull It down at the cud of tho season. I strolled over tho grounds to-day. The weather was fine. Tho air.was mild, and the rays of tho sun descended gently upon the oarth. Standing on tho piazza of the United States Commission offices, ami looking northward, HOW BTRANOR AND PLEASANT TUB BIGHT. On cither hand. near by, the two great buildings of the Exposition lifted themselves up so bravely towards the sky, that tho linos of workmen and visitors pass ing in and out of their entrances Boomed dwarfed Into nut-size. Tho flags of all nations fluttered from the roofs. Along the railroad-tracks which boro enter tho grounds, locomotives were tug ging, with quick breath, tho enormous bur dens of machinery declined fur Machinery Halt. In (ha centre of tho space between the two build lugs, at the moating of tho walks, a scorn of sun browned men were erecting the llartholdl fountain. UoTond was a changing vista. Ktralgbt ahead In tho foreground stood tho Judges’ Hull, one of tho very few buildings completed and in or der. Thin has Committee-rooms, assembly-rooms, and every convenience; lu fact, for (lie accommodation of‘the tnuu who aro to make the awards. It is hero that the Centennial Committee is now holding ueosions. Just beyond ths Judges 1 Hall, at the right, can be seen a corner of the Japanese bazanr. where (he native workmen sro dally illustrat ing to Jtrgo crowd" the methods of housebuilding pur mied in their antipodal country. The ornate buildings of tho Brazilian Commission may bo seen further <m, with tbs mmol gilt atrlpun aud red-painted walla. The Uwodish school-house stand" ou a slight elevation in a vary good location, and rsmluds one of a log-cabin made out of mahogany. Tho French Government building is tnjtho roar of (bn Carriage Exhibition. Around to tho right, and only to bo seen after passing tho main building, is MEMORIAL MALL, a magnificent granite palace, the only one of (he building" calculated to endure tha ravages of time. As It coat a million and a half, one can hopo that It will fulfill tho expectations of Its protectors. It stands on a terrace, somewhat ohvatud above (he level of the mala building, and is surmounted by a hamlsomo dome. Horticultural Hall possesses by far thn finest approach of any building, the visitor being led up to it through a sloping lawn by winding walks, lleyoml, a vast green roof lifts itself above the trees. Thin (a AGRICULTURAL BALL, the Urgent edifice of the kind ever eroded at an International Exhibition. To the left of this may be dhitingulrhcd tho Woman's Pavilion, amid a sea of loatuiiranteand Htate buildings. Across Belmont avo nuo tho moet pretentious edltice in eight is tho United Htutes Government building, surrounded by black artlllery-plccci, whose threatening muzzles sro aimed at all points of tho compass. Tho British Govern ment buildings sturdily loom up to the loft, lu tho 111tiu lake below Machinery Hall, a fountain of many Jets plashes and glitters In the sunlight. Everywhere are busy throngs of workmen, toilsome ly bringing order out of chaos. Back of all ths, tumult rises Borono and undisturbed tho verdant slopes ot St. George’s Bill and Fairmount Park. It Is Impossible to ouiivey any fair Idea of the scene. If uny criticism were to bo msdu on tho arrangement of the buildings, it would ho the very comprehensive ono that there is not enough room. Too many minor etrnctures close tbe space. Tho lucloeure is tilled almost to banting. There uro AtIODT A BOZEN RESTAURANTS scattered about tho grounds, many of them being enormous affairs. The Trots Frcres Frovenesux Is kept by Goyord, who superintended the official din ners given by the Emperor nf Austria in in'j. There Is also tho Bcitsursnl Hndreau, tho lUwtuurant of the Houtb, the Gorman Bodauraut, Vienna Colfco-Uonso, New Euglaud Kitchen, and divers other novel houses of entertain ment. Visitors will ho well-fed, and It might bo added that they will bo well-bled. Hpcaklng of restaurants, I would like to convey to tho readers of Tub Tiudume sotno faint notion of TUr EXPOSITION MOTEUI. In their way they are phenomena). Two years ago, there was not a lodglng-houco nor a hotel within n mho of tho grounds, The Centennial Board of I’lmmeo wero often worried lu those days over thn lack of accommodations In Phila delphia. The whole world was about to drop in on thorn for a friendly visit, and they bod no placo In which tho strangers could l>e stowed, Mr. John Welsh, Chairman of tho Hontd. puzzled his bead not a tittle over tho problem, which, in reality, is one of the simplest kind. Htipplr nowadays always follows sharp <m tho heels of demand. But Mr. Welsh was not willing to lut things take their natural course, Hu exerted himself to luliuonco parties to build a hotel near tho Exposition grounds.* lie found the right men at Ust, and limy organized a stock company, anti erected whst is now known ts the Globe lintel. But thu hotel-fever woe abroad long before tho Globe was completed. Kingsley, of the Continental Hotel, leased a phi Just opposite tho Mala Building, and put up a largo hotel, which ho dubbed thn Trans-Uoutlncms). Then another man erected tho United bistre Hotel. By this time the Fiunuco Board rubbed their hapda glocfully. The beaver hail hegim to work. Unbi then, too hotels erected, though temporary, were after the man ner of the modern caravansary. But speculation came in. a company of men bought a large piece of ground hack of the Globe and across the Pennsylvania lUllroad tracks, where they pro ceeded to orod A BUtIEB OP BRICK TENEMENT BOUSES, two stories In height. Tho general shape of the rows was llku that of a fan. At (be point where they all luloreected was located the office. From thence the Hoes of tonemenU extended outwards, the space between each row grow ing broader towards tbu end. Each bouse had Its separate entrance. Entire, (be place was named the Exposition Hotel. Tbo rooms have accomodation for V.uoo people, and, if the house is veil tilled at a high price, tbe investment will pay handsomely. Probably the greatest monstrosity in building over created la THE ATLAS HOTEL. I went over to aea It 10-day for th# first time. It is situated on Forty-lifth street, a long way off from Uio regular Uno of travel. It consists of twenty doUcbed frame tenements, Imlit without foundation!, two storks to height, and each having a width of 40 feet. At the north eud la tho head building, which U a copy of i ho other* three times enlarged. Think of a lour-elory frame building without fauudatlous and leu feci square! The buildings ■land In a row, about fl feet ajart, and are counseled ulniply by on open paasage*way running through the ccutru ul tho eullre row. Auywherofrom 3,000 tu 6,000 people cau bo lodged tu this place, which U scarcely inure than a Wrracks. And the proprietor gravely awiurod mo that he expected to have his houses full i>f guests. Hut be is no more out of tho way In his cal cuhtloas than are tno rest of the hotd'kcopors.' The truth it, that I’luladelphUus HAVE OOffK WILD over Uds EjpmdOwi, jmd they think that all tbs l»^ habitants of the oarlh are coming to lu Tbs reality will bo Hint the down-town bottle will ell be crowded during the reason, ami one or two nf the more moilornte-prloed Exposition hotel* will bo well patronized. The other* will be sadly empty and unprofitable. lint what confidence the people barn In the Exposition I There In the proprietor of the bar In the Globe Hotel, for Instance, who paid SIO,OOO for the privilege of idling liquor nix month* In that place. The man who runs the newn-nlnml paid $12,000' amt the cirgar-man SO,OOO. Ehou Mobcrcule I WISCONSIN. Tflß STATE AT TUB CEHTBNJtrAL— rROBrEOTIVP. EXHIBITION OP HER RESOURCES—WIUI IUX LADItH IIAVB rREPARRU. ftpeial Cormpcmtenee of The Chicago Tribune, Madison, Wla., May B.—As the Centennial Exposition opens thin week, It will bo matlor of Intercut to many of your renders to have somo account of what Wisconsin will have there. Tho Centennial Commissioner for thin Blais, Gon. David Atwood, has boon In and out, la sea son and out of season, for tbs last four years, endeavoring to enlist Wisconsin in terest, but has had but moderate success tilt within tho past year. The Legislature of 1375 authorized, and Gov. Taylor appointed, a State Hoard of Managers to promote the proper repre sentation of this Slate, and, after quito a content, tho Legislature appropriated $20,000 to farther that object. After consulta tions hero, nod doing oil in their power to havo Hadgor-Btato lesourcon made to appear in tho oyoa of tho world. Commissioner Atwood; Prof. J. H. Parkinson, President; W. W. Flfleld, Sec retary; and other members of Hoard of Man agers, have boon nt Philadelphia preparing for some time. They havo had built at a cost of lobh than $5,000 (bids ranging os high as $10,000) a HEAT AND COOTORTADLU HODBB, suitably fitted as a headquarters for Wls cousin people at tho great show, and put ono of our old pioneers, Elisha Htarr, of Milwaukee, Borgcant,at-Arms of tho assembly lost winter,ln charge. They have secured space In different departments for ex hibits of tho Btaio, and are oxortiug ibemaolvea to make such arrangement and display of what Is sent from the State as will mako the best pos sible showing. While other States who earlier had a realizing sense of tholmoortance of stand ing well among their sisters and in tho eyes of the nations, may have done bettor, it is hoped Wisconsin will not havo reason to bo ashamed under the direction and with tho aid of tho Btato, tho following will bo among tho exhibits : KPDOATIO.SAI.LY, there has boon prepared an account af our aye tom of education, from the common schools to to the University, including sketches of our colleges anil seminaries, showing what they arc, and what ami where their graduates ore; raapq of *ur school-district systems aline topographical map of ouroplnndld Slate University grounds and experi mental farm; copies of Stato and • other school prop erty, anil ozamlnailon-papcrs; specimens of drawing and other work In schools, etc,, etc. lllstorlcaby. them aro the Uoporls of enr Historical Society, which has few auircrloro in the country, and Us catalogues; also, a collection of prehistoric tools, including ovefj 700 specimens of dug-tip copper and stone tools and weapons, ancient pottery, otc„— making one of the finest collections of the sort In the world, uuequalad in the number and variety of pre historic copper specimens. AUJUOULTDRALLT, (here bu been a largo and fine collection of cereals and needs, scut properly claesldod, and showing wbnt 'Wisconsin can grow of inch things; and some of tbo wheat in seldom surpassed. Mlnoraloglcally, our exhibition will ho to many a new revelation of Wisconsin’s resources In lead, cop iK.r, iron, zinc, and other ores, which wo lave In great profusion. Prof. T, A. Lapham’s superb cabinet will lie shown, supplemented by selections from other eabiuete of the Unite, and such chunks os ouo of 1,600 pounds of lead from .Mineral - Point. With these will bo shown samples of onr superior building-stones, lately-discovered Hootch granite, kaolin, Portland cement, glass-oaud, etc., etc. There will ho geological maps of the Btato front the survey nearly Unlahcd, to accompany Unuo. KOUTIOULTIIRALLT. Id duo time the Btato Horticultural Society will show what can he done in fruU-ralslng in Wisconsin, and hopes to compare favorably with other UUto*, especially In apples, grapes, and cranberries. Albert flcally, tho Wisconsin Central lUilroad Company, which bos penetrated farthest into tho woody wilder neon of the Btato, has sent on a car-load of tho valu able woods of the Htato, niouly prepared In sections. Our dairymen will make exhibition of their butler and cheese; and m )u the latter product the State rauks among the foremost In the Union they do not expect to bo outdone. Wisconsin authors’ works will also bo among tho ex hibits. At our headquarters, too, will he the typical national bird, tho w.ir-eajlo "Old Abo,” who accompa nied a Wisconsin regiment three years In the Wpr.aud whoso history has Just been prepared in 0 thrilling little book. soma of whom have been zealously at work for the loot year, raising money and putting forth other efforts, under the leadership and enthusiastic rallying of Mrs. J. O. Thorp, of this city, latterly largely aided by Miss Martha Peel, of Beloit, will make some very handsome exhibits. They are preparing, and bavo nearly ready, an elegant hook, which la a record of woman’s work In the BUte so far as It is of a nubile nature, and in which they will have a fae simile new and beautiful poem by Longfellow. They have a commemor ative work nf art In a group of four pic tures, "Dryads of the Lakes,” painted by ralriDAn, at a cost of (4,000, of which ox-Uov. Washburn gives (1,000. £hoy have also the following from different places, largely woman’s work; " Mcmorial-Bhrino ”of carved ebony and sliver tassels, upon which oro engraved names of woman's Centennial organizations, with their presiding ottlcvrs, and a Laureate scroll, with somo lovely patutlnga; " Art-Oablnet ”of Japanese design, panels decorated with flowers, grasses, and oerusla of Wisconsin, sur mounted by a medallion of the Htato oaglo, all exquisitely painted by Mrs. J. O. Culver,—within which are to he deposited various choice works of woman; "State Art-Kaael,” of natlvo words, manufactured at Itacinc, and con tributod by Us ladle*, unique and decant in Itself, oud upon which will be despodted a painting, which was a prize ottered by tho ladles, and attached wilt bo spacious portfolios for works of art of the women of lliobtau; "Centennial Medallion,” tho seal of Beloit College, a poom In embroidery, most elaborate and exquisite, the offering of tho ladles of Beloit, and a work which will have few equals lu ths Women's Do mrtmeutA. Besides some elegant individual contri butions not debited, the ludloa have several hue pieces of laco-work and embroidery, two large tapestry ploocs of exquisite needle-work; also books, in proto and poetry, written by women of Wisconsin, painting, etc. OF IUmVJbCAIi CO.NTQUIUTIOKa wo have little means of Information hero. TVe know that our Uucstook will uot be unrepresented ; and sov> oral of onr manufacturers will show their products,— notably, E. H. Allis k Co., tho steam-cngluu and ma chinery men, of Milwaukee; J. I. Oaio & Go., of llacluo. who have Rent a most elegant thresher: Beloit Anna who bare sent sumo very popular wind-mills, water-wheels, Ac., Prof. J. W. Hoyt, of this Btato. a gentleman ofcuU turn and largo experience, present and active at both the Paris and Vienna Expositions. has been fitly ap pointed on the Jury ou Education und Uclehcu, whereof ho was President at Vienna, and, by the way, was there Knighted also. THE OPENING, OFFICIAL PJtOOIIAMUS. 39 On President a/tin UtuUd Stales. Bin: In obedience to tho law constituting this organization, I havo tho honor to submit, in bo. half of tho Commission, a schedule of tho cere, monies to bo observed at the opening of tho International Exhibition of 1870, ou the 10th of Stay, formal invitations to attend' have boon sent to tho President of the United States, the Cabinet, tho Supreme Court, tho Diplomatic Corps, tho Congress, tho Government Couton. niai Board, the foreign Oummissiouera to tho Exhibition, the Governors of the States and Territories and their staffs, the Legislature of Pennsylvania, tho city authorities of PhUudol phia, the chief officers of the army and navy, tho Women’s National Centennial Committee, tho Centennial Board of Finance, and olhors in ofllcial positions or officially connected with the woik of the Exhibition. Ou tho mom iog of May 10 the grounds and buildings in gonoral will bo open to tho pubiio at 9a. ra. The Memorial Hall or Art Gallery, tho Main Building, and tlio Machinery Hall will bo reserved to the invited guests and tho ex hibitors mull the eloao of the ceremonies, about noon, when all restrictions will b« ruuuvod. The exorcises will taka place in tbo upon olr upon tho south terrace of Memorial Hall, fronting the Main Building. Id full view of the general public. The uuilo will bounder the dtrecUoo of Theodore Thomas, assisted by Dudley Buck, with an orchestra ol 160 aud a chorus of 800. The orchestra will play tho national airs of all the countries represented at the Exhibition. The Fraeldeot of the United States will be escorted to the grounds by Gov. Harlrauft, of I’enunylvanla, end a division or mors of troops from Pennsylvania and New Jersey, arriving about 10:30 a, m. PBOcIBiUUB* 1, Oontennial Inauguration March, by Richard Wegner, of Germany, 2. Prayer, by the Ut.*Bar. UUbop Simpson. • 8. Hymn, by John O. Whittier; rauaio by John K, Payne, of MassachnaetU, Orchestral and organ ao* companiment, 4. Cantata, the words by Sidney Lanlor, of Georgia: tniiMin by Dudley Uuek, of Connecticut. Orchestral and organ accompaniment. 6. Presentation of the Exhibition, by the President of the Centennial Commission. , 9. Acldreaa by.tne President of the United Slates. The declaration that the Exhibition ta open will be followed by (he rising of dags, taluUa of arid lary, tbo ringing of tho chimes, and Handera •• llalloluJaU '* chorus, with organ and orchestral accompaniment. The foreign Commiaeiuuere will fuss into (ho Main Hmldltg and take places opposite to their respective sections, The President of (he United tittles and tho guests of the dsy wilt pus through the Main Building, 'it* for. elga Coniuiasianen, npon the President's passing ■ Uwo> wiii.iein (k» am»tgk»A, wd Urn whole UtO will ernes to Machinery Hall. There, at the proper moment, the Prenldcnl will net In motion the great on. Rlno and all lha machinery connected therewith. Abrki reception by the iTraldenl of the United Htatoa, In Uit Judges pavilion, will clove the formal ohnemiirem the day. 1 have the honor to Iw, very raapedfullv your obedient servant, Jorxpr u. tuwi.rr, * President Centennial Commission, THE SUNDAY QUESTION, A SAimATARtAH TTKW. To the Editor of The CAfcmce Trffttins Hide Park, 111., May 7.— Under the bead ol "Centennial Folly*' there appeared In Tai Tiuiiuhb of Friday a loading arllolo which can. not fait to oall forth an earnest protest from a| least ovory member of the Evangelical Church of Christ. Bo much has boon said a| different times concerning this Sabbath question that to cover tho whole ground would take a longer letter than 1 the author of this short epistle has tlmo to writs, or tbs editor of thit paper space to publish. What gives to th« article referred to euoh elgnlllosuce, and causes it to bo so momentous a question, is because || Is a question of national importance (the very reason, probably, why its author sought to prove Ue absurdity). Tho M Centennial Folly," which is attacked with an enthusiasm worthy of a bettor cause, consists in tho fact that tho Hoard of Centennial Commissioners have decided to closo tho exhlbi. lion on Bunday. There aro several questions which arise: First—lb this* nation to become a Ood-foaring nation, or Godless ono? Second—ls this nation to bo an imlopcddant one, or, copying tho ax amplo of other nations, be loj front tho exalted position in which she now stands, to become do graded and demoralized ? It la apparent to ovory rlcht-ralnded individual that tins proposition of the Centennial Hoard emanated from a desire to treat God’s holy law with dup respect. It will bo useless for us to attempt to prove how nations as well as indi viduals have boon exalted because they have hon ored God. Look at history, and yon will road it lu ovary page. A nation may toko ita aland without oven the recognition of a God, much more « Babhath day. amt may pursue Its contso unmolested perhaps for a w&Ile, sowing Its seed of Atheism and MatemU lam; but. os sura as there Is a God, the harveiutlme will come, and then wo bo to that nation whose Qod is pot tho Jx)rd, Not only will this bs a hornet of eoubdestmetlon, but it will be a moral blight that will penetrate to IU very founda tion, descending to the third and fourth generation, and will uveuluslly aink that nation Into utter olillv- Ibn, T'liis may.uot all be accomplished at once; it |« not po to tho wreck of individual life; but the end Is sure. It in further slated that tbo dosing of the Exhibi tion od Holiday will be on loaultto foreigners that it will bo forcing Sabbatarian notions upon a people that ore not Sabbatarians.” Z may Unit say that tbo proclamation wf dosing on tbo Sabbath has already gone forth, and donhtlass by this time has reached the greater portion of (he civil ized world. Before leaving home, each Individual will have the opportunity aiTu'ded him of ascertaining ta ■what client this will Interfere with his enjoyment: i] ho flmbi that It will mar It altogether, lie will do well, perhaps, to otay at homo, pursue the even tenor of hit way, and content himself with reading the cable di*. patches. Again: Is this nation to be an independent one 1 One hundred yearn ago was signed (he memombli Declaration of Independence. Its statements are cleat and comprehensive. It was (he result of a bold de termination to do what Its authors behoved to bo right and eniiltablo In the sight of God, trusting to tb< eternal righteousness of their cause, regsnltesa of wha( tho world might say. Acting upon this, shall wt allow the example of other nations to load us froa the path of duty? If we wore entertaining a friend, would we feel bound to do what our conscience fop bade ns to do, simply for our guest’s gratification. Ho would nut expect anything of the kind, Likewise ft seems unreasonable to suppose that every torelgi citizen visiting our laud at this time will expect t< everything exactly as ha found it at hume. I‘eopli come to America to a«o what American institution! ore. To sum up, thcrowlll bo a minority—and that not 1 small one, to say the least—who will believe that Hill Centennial Board have acted heroically. The ban shown to tho world that the inscription on oar coin, "In Ood wn t runt,” is not a farce. Thera isanunden lying Christian sentiment In this country that crtiuol bcJtuiored. The Centennial Board have doubtless ob served this, and acted accordingly, and for which tin wriUr of tala article believes they deserve the applausi ,of the civilized world. Cuarlu Buitu. AN ANn-HAUDATABIAN AIEW. To the fi'Utnr The rhlniqo Tribune: New Yobs, May fl.—Please allow mo (0 enter a motl decided protest against tho decision of the Centennial Commlhulnuers In regard to (he closing of the build ings on Sunday. I rater (he protest in behalf of tbt great mass of poor pcoplo connected with Halt Kcpubllc, many of whom will have no other opportu nity of seeing the TsrloiW collections of the lixhlbl lion, which will be of decided Interest to tho class X speak for, and as productive, pro(»ortlouatoly. to their mental and social improvement as to any other cUea. The reasons promulgated for the closing of the doors on Hiimlay smacks much more of rites pertaining (a barbarism rather limn being indicative of nn enlight ened and progressive civilization. I claim, and can substantiate, that tho ground assumed for their action is wholly untenable except through pitiable super etillon. History la rcnbdo with proof that if one part of lima could bo botlff-than another, Uio division would rent upon Boturdsy;'but Ujindaluioil that this is a Chri*. tlan nation, and cußtum has ealabbabed that our cab endar Bunday Is to bo recognized as Uio holy part of time. Now, a Christian people, IsJ OUrlst-llio, and its nwmbcrs, therefore, (ho exponents of that Lovo which Is uniform In its inamfcstitinnß all days allko; and it certainly ilbbocoiiK'a lha authorities of this nation, through over-zeal, to aaocUon the por mission of that which will in reality rob tho poor of a v.'cU-cnrnod matoriat Improvo. moot. It navoni too much of the ludicrona predicament of straining at a M gnat” and swallowing a “ earned.” Much more might be said, hut snfilco It for the pres ent that I speak for the vast majority of tho people la demanding that tbs Exhibition Buildings bo oprurd oußunday. Otherwise, it must prova a gigantic fall, uro, Vours respectfully, J. 11. Fonuts. EIUEK. AT. ST. PAUL, MINN. Bptetal Dnvatoh to Tin vntoaa* Tribune. fir, ran., Mlnu., May o.—Tho residence of lYllllan NoUlotou, in tho extreme western part of the city, was burned to-day. Loss, $20,000; insurod fo r $lO,. 000. TELEGRAPHIC NOTE 6. New Toss, May B.—Communication with Eor*p<v by tho Anglo-American Cable, Is again restored. ifixeiat Dispatch to Tin Cliwton Triourn. Jacksostillu, 111,, May 9, —To-day W. T. Bowdall Bold the Jllinon ticntmei olhco to Thomas I). Price & Co., of Carrollton, for $-1,000 cash. They will Issue a dally, cotunirncing next Monday. Mumpiu*. Mny9.—Tho impeachment trial of Re corder Diiif, which has been tho local sensation for aoum works, uaultod (o-day in an acquittal bytlia Uenur&i Council aittlux as a Court ou every charge onl specification. * Social Dispatch to The CAieaoo rnfmn*. fipniNuPlELU, 111., May 9.—'Tho Secretary of State this morning Issued a corUUcatu of organization to tba Veteran Volunteer Mutual Benefit Association sod Colony of tbu Fifty-seventh Ucgimcut Illinois Veteran Volunteers. Tba object of the Association is the pur chase of a town site and entry of homesteads In Gila Valley, Now Mexico. Tuo contoratore named arc W. IV. Cluott, W. H, Swan, Frederick A. Baity, Col. & D, BnldWtu, Frank T. Sherman and others, of. Chicago. License to form tho Chicago llydro-Carboo Boat and Light Company was issued to L. D. Boone, Elijah Bnillh, and B. 1\ onlvsr— capital, $160,900. Auditor Lipplucott will shortly lasua the papers an iborlziug tho Gorman Insurance Company of Peoria to comim'nco business. The Suto Department of Agriculture expects to commence receiving within the next couple of voeki aUUttiOii of fruit prospects Irom oil parts of ths Btato. Hr. Padl, Usy O,—F. o.' Taylor h Co., of Chicago, bsvo purchased 40.000 acres of laud from th* 81. I’mu b Sioux City Compauy near the railway on either nidi lUo low* titale line, agreeing to acUla thsceaa fifty familes each year for five yoara. HOMEOPATHY. BmU il toUvaleh to 'IU Chteago Tribune. IwouwaroLis. Xmi., Maj o,—Tbo . tenth snnss) session of the Indiana luatituto of Homeopathy Legal to-dnv with a fair attendance. The principal feature of tbo proceedings was the report of Dr. Bray Foklo, of Louisville, npou (be ooso of Miu Hnsad. of that city (the weii-kuowu corroepoßdent, “ Mias Grundy”), tihoh&d become addicted. through the advice of her ■ phyatciaus, to uao sllimusuis, and to absorbing so ounce of hydrate of chloral per diem, and tbo doctor, being called la, cored' ber in ' ten days by large clones of miuk. It was a moat inUmtaUog case, and evoked a spirited discussion. TOTAL ABSTINENCE. /IfHftol Dbpatch to n« Ch(Mf« IWtow. Post Atxihsom, WU„ May 9.—The Good TsmpUrt Convention for (he Second Dlatrlot convened here to* clay. They held a puhlio station In the M.K. Church thlfl evening. The meeting was eddrceeed by T> D» Kauouse, of Watertown, Win., and Aire. Urowo, of Milwaukee. file infant Walohnuißeri _ <PW«ft«ra Couuxcrctal. The Commercial onlco was visited yesterday by Samuel B. G. Nixon, tbo "infant watch* maker,** m charge of bis grandfather. Ur. Ed ward Gilliam, of Allegheny. Tbo child la only 2 yoara and 7 months old, and baa developed most remarkable mechanical skill .and dexterity for one of bla tender veers. Uis grandfather iuo»« of tbo oldest watchmakers in tho country, and It was at his bench that tbo child first exhibited bis precocity. By very tittle training, ha lea: tied (be name and vso of every tool, and be o»u now taka apart and readjust the works of a watch, putting every pin and wheel in its proper place. The operation was performed in this olUce, under tbo direction of Ur. QiUiaa, iu the pres* enco of a number of spectators, touch to thenr surprise and gratification. Little Barnaul eeuu* destined to ouie Us wtxk in the world,

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