VOLUME 30. aut sAi-r. TO-NIGHT! GRAND ART SALE OF THE lint Mttiii OF PAINTINGS EVER OFFERED BTTHB Mists, JtfT THBIK GALLERY, 212 WABASH-AV. Tho sale will bo conducted In tho B amo straightforward manner as heretofore. Tho pictures will bo sold without roaorvo. Frames at lowest, manufacturer’s prioos, and to bo taken or not, at tho option of tho purchasers. Mr, B. SCOTT, of Philadelphia, tho celebrated Art Auctioneer, will conduct tho sale. KID CtOVKSi BARGAINS lasr KID GLOVES. Field, Leiter & Co. (STATE & WASHINGTON-STS., "Would call attention to “Korman”KMGlove Ladies’ 0-button, at the low price of $1.65. Misses’ 2-button, $1.25. Gents’ 1-button, $1.66. A GENUINE KID, aid first class in every respect. "paper carpeting* Paper Carpeting Orumcntal, Durable, and costs only One-Half at much as cheap Oil Cloth. Also Moth-Proof Carpet 'Unlng, BARRETT, ARNOLD & KIMBALL 104: Lako-st, Chicago. GENERAL NOTICES# ZKTOTIOIEJ. CITY TAX DISCOUNTS. .THE SAFEST INVESTMENT FOII TOUR HONEY IB IN YOUR OWN TATES, especially •ten you can got ft HANDSOME DISCOUNT. Tim City of Chicago will, at any time before May SO, la7o, borrow from persona owing City Real Estate Tues for tbo year 1875 the amount of auch taxes, mowing two (2) percent discount, and will issue vouchers therofor which may bo used at once, or held until tho owner la prepared to payhia other by order of the Mayor and Finance Committee. to 6. 8. HAYES, Comptroller, Roomll, City Hall. FINANCIAL. 7 PER CENT. a largo anm of money, In loana of •2AOOO and over, at SEVEN. On hand to loan RO. SLOOO S $2,500; *3.200. SCUPPER A MASON, 107-100 Dearborn-si. MONEY ‘‘low rates on Mortgages, Bonds, Warehouse Re* «Jpts, and Rents, by 'LAZARUS SILVERMAN. Danker, . Chamber of Commerce. COLLECTION AGENCY. „ 3DIC3K .We collect overduo claims any where on tho Amer* continent, either mercantile, marine, or against o* Government, of any date, magnitude,or local , p without attorney's fees in suits or charge un collected. FRASIER’S COLLECTION AGEN- LilJ’R t osndMonroe*Bts.. Chicago. rdii sale. POE SALS. The Building* (to ba removed) southeast corner sud Thirty*third-si , . *OH BALK OR RENT—The new atone-front Muses, 6bliaudLSsC*lttmct.av. F. GAYLORD, 13 Reaper Block. . .. FOR SALE. A* old, reliable, and standard Patent Medicine, Pj|My terms. A party with a few thousand dol* r£, cspltol to invest wfll find an excellent oppor- Tfjty for a permanent and profitably business. Van behatek, BUv«osgn OawumLakTtL* Ghlcsgo. <Sl)ijfttoir Pftilg ®ftbiwe. CENTENNIAL. Successful Opening of tlxe Philadelphia Exposition. One Hundred and Fifty Thousand People Present. Long Prayer by Bishop Simpson, of the M. E. Church. Speech by Gen. Hawley and Faint-Voiced Reply by the President. Theodore Thomas’ Mnslc Over whelmed by Billows of Tell ing Enthusiasm. A Colossal Platform Filled WitU tlio Multitudi nous Great. Fall of a Heavy Rain-Storm, upon the Vast Un sheltered. SPECIAL REPORT. OPENING DAT. ’run I 1 I Special Dispatch to The. Tribune. Philadelphia, May 10.—In tho memory of every citizen of Philadelphia this day will re main forever green, und also red, white and blue, for never has there been such a display of bunting along her streets as on tills 10th of May. For miles and miles, from housetops, from windows, and In windows, from doorways nml car roofs, and oven from the heads of num berless horses, our national standard has been displayed. It is safe to say that to-night every Philadelphian might sleep In a starry mid stripy manner and have several thousands to spare. The supply of hunting has been exhausted, and, for a day or two, its space has been filled by sheeting and shirting goods. If tho opening day had been postponed a week, we might have seen banners made of gunny-sacking and burlaps. To ommerato tho houses that have been decorated to-day would bo to write out the city directory, and so 1 forbear. MORNDtO dawned Inausplclonsly, as tho rain was falling, and promised to do so continually. But, soon after 7 o’clock, the clouds broke, and by 8 tbo sun was shining. Every possible horse and steam conveyance was in requisition. The street-cars wore crowded like berring-boxofl, and for hours they followed cadi other with great rapidity. Carriages, hocks, breaks, aad wagonettes did a fine business. Butcher-carts, furniture-wagons, and baggage vans were fitted with temporary scats, and, In ono instance, tho owner of a second-hand hearse turned It to profit by removing Its top and In serting scots for four persons. ATTEMPTS AT EXTORTION WERE LESS FREQUENT tlmn was to be expected, and was mainly con fined to drivers of tbo regular backs. Tbo movement o£ slght-scers began early and continued late, not only by horse vehicles, but by railway. The Pcnnsylvar ola Railway deposited many thousands of peo ple In Its new station at the gate of the Centen nial grounds, and It brought long trains of pas sengers from Now York and other places who came direct from tbdr homes without seeing the Quaker City. Good judges have estimated that NEARLY 150,000 PEOPLE were In and around the Centennial grounds to day. • I have had much experience with crowds in various parts of the world, and am confident that there wore not less thau 00,000 persona within sight of the President when ho read his manuscript speech. An evening paper puts the Centennial attendance to-day at 000,000, but this estimate la altogether wild, and possibly whlskyfied. The min left much mud on the new streets around tbo grounds, so that the soldiers and other pedestrians hod a very bard time of Itla the last part of their journey. AT TUB GATES there was a wild confusion of vehicles, and It Is surprising that nobody was killed. There was considerable confusion at the gates, ns tbo tenders were now to their duties, and some of their orders were very confusing. Posses wore not accepted after 0 o'clock, mid at several gates there were crowds of belated un fortunates who clamored vainly but persistently for admission, it required much elbowing to force through, and there were several rows of minor Importance. But once inside, the invited guests and members of the press easily found their way to the front of Memorial Hall. ‘ TUB JOURNALISTS AND BBI'OIITERS were much crowded, aa tbo police bad allowed many unauthorized persona to enter tbo press precincts. A feeble effort was made to expel the interlopers, but to little purpose, so that tbo “press-work” was done at great incon venience. Soon alter 0 the Invttod guests began to ar rive, and before 10 o'clock tho platform waa full. Rarely has there been In America such AN AUIUV or CBAVY SWELLS, where the public could look at them, as thcro was today. Tho holding capacity of the plat form had been overestimated, so that It was a crush there as everywhere else. Secretary Fish elbowed tbo Austrian Minister, and Qen. Sheri dan stepped on tbo too of U*e Turkish Ambassador. Judge lierrcpont shored a cbalr with tho French Minister, and there was a whole row of Presidential candidates on a single settee. Thcro were ofllclals enough to stock hali-a dozen governments Üburally and then have fif teen present to spare. The list of Invited guests, beginning with President Grout and ending with Cyrus W. Field, makes (two columns of solid nonpareil in an evening paper, sojdeaso excuse details. , The crowd Increased ro pldly, and by 10 o'clock there wero BBVBUAL AORB9 0* OCCUPIED CLOTUINO of both sexes. The sky waa clear and the heat of tho suu became uwomfortablo; those who came prepared for nUu found their um brellas useful to spread against tbo heat, so that, la a Uttlo while, tho spectacle presented waa that of a sea of upturned umbrellas, or mushroom yard on a gigantic scale. Newspapers ai Ml programmes wero used a« sunshades to such nn extent aa to produce a curious effect Every snot available fur sitting or Btaudlug woo occupied UP TO TUB VBUT MODI" OB TUB MAIN BUILDING, where odveoturoua boys nestled upon tho back of the wooden eagle, or climbed into some of tbo crevices of the Gothic work'd the turrets. XUe (vo vlbgcd hones, tlul guard the Approach to Memorial Hall, were thickly covered, and there would have been confirmation in several Philadelphia families If the brutes hail flown away. Dacca on the ped estal were (n great demand. Even after every Inch of room was taken people attempted to climb upon It. Several amusing scenes occurred here. A DOT WITH TITS firmEß-STORT IK Ttl» MIND*/ KTB. One boy was so determined to secure a place that he lifted hlmsolf up in spite of ail the ener getic opposition of ihofic above. These kicked him and trod on file fingers, and pushed him olf repeatedly, hut lie persisted, ana when at lost lie reached the top dicers went up from thou sands who had watched his mancurrcs with in terest. The Invited guests mounted tho platform. There was some decorous cheering whenever any of thorn were recognized. Tho most ap plause waa given to THR BMI’BROR OP BRAZIL, who happened to arrive just as tho orchestra played, tno Brazilian hymn. Those whose ac quaintance with kingly dress Is limited to Hint on <iio ordinary playing-card, were somewhat dls/ippointcd to And that his Majesty wore only a plain suit, and was its devoid of ornament ns a Ifclght-car. lie was Introduced to sev eral of his fellow-dignilarles, and grace fully accepted a common chair, such oa may be found in many American hnr-rooms and lecture halls. There was plenty of conversa tion among the people' on tho platform, and there woa conversation and patient wailing among the many thousands that looked on from below and around. The national airs by the or chestra formed a pleasing amusement, and served to occupy tho time until tub arrival or tub president, which wua, of course,, the occasion of much and prolonged cheering.' Everybody became si lent, or reasonably so, during tho pray er by Bishop Simpson, mid tho oth er features of tho programme, of which the Associated Press has doubtless given you a full account. Bishop Simpson’s prayer was given in a loud and distinct voice, and so was tho address of Gen. Hawley. Mr. Welch was not master of tho situation, and could not bo heard very far, and the voice of tho President, who was evidently annoyed with his manuscript, was In a still lower key. As a professional reader ho Is not likely to at tain great renown. The assemblage became somewhat disorderly during this part of the programme, but BROKE INTO A WILD CHEER when the President ended Ids address by do* daring that the Exhibition was open. It was Just 12 o’clock, or very near It, when the flag was run up, and the great event of tho year had Its beginning. Almost Immediately the assem blage began to disperse, and tho dignitaries to leave the platform for tho procession through the buildings. MUSIC. The musical part of the programme elicited universal praise. Whittier’s hymn was magnifi cently rendered, and tho clfcct wus majestic. Words and music were well adapted to each other, and In tho hands of an excellent chorus and orchestra under tho baton of Theo dore Thomas, they doubtless surpassed tho expectations of their composer. The cantata by Lanier, with Dudley Buck’s music, was equally line both In composition and rendering, and the splendid basso, Whitney, received the well-deserved honor of an encore. The spectacular effect of the orchestra and chorus In full sunlight was decidedly striking, as many of the feminine singers had on angelic nml, sometimes, ghostly whiteness. Theodore Thomas marred the effect slightly by wearing his hat about half the time during the musical performance, but we forgive him for It, ns wc would not wish to risk tho loss by sunstroke of such an excellent lender. ANATOMT OP TUB CHEERING, There was considerable cheering over the various aspirants for tho Presidency who were among the dignitaries on the platform, but all were applauded to about tho same extent, so that no authority about public sentiment con cerning Presidential matters can bo based on the day's occurrences. Bristow was cheered as our next President but tho same honor was shown to Blaine and to Colliding. Gov. Hartranft was cheered, and In fact there was a manifest dispo sition on tho part of the crowd to bo amiable to everybody. The Turkish Ambassador camo In for a share, and so did tho Chinese Com missioner when ho mounted tho platform. The appearance of tho platform while the guests were arriving was ono to which the dem ocratic American is generally unaccustomed. There were COURT-DRBB3E9 AND UNIFORMS in profusion. Prominent upon the left might be seen tho Japanese Commissioners, looking strangely out of place In their stiff military closo-liuttonod block and redcoats, gilt-buttons, and white wishes. Thu Turkish Commissioners wore the customary red fez. Their coats were lavishly adorned with gold loco. The Egyptian Commissioners were even more gorgeously dressed. Tho Chief of the Commission wore a yellow turban with tassels, a superb purple velvet cloak over hla shoulders, and a silk blouse and scarf, em broidered with gold upon a blood-red ground. Then there were the Spanish and French Minis ters, and a cloud of saudfuUy-attired foreign o Ulcers. BRAZIL. Dom Pedro was recognised by the crowd Im mediately, though In plain clothes. The Em press was not so cosily distinguished. She was richly dressed In lavender silk, white satin bat trimtied with white flowers, and a delicate laec shawl over her shoulders. Her female attend ants were even more brilliantly attired, and fair ly blazed with diamonds, rlchly-colorcd silks, and grand feathers. Bv some Ineinlalnublo chance, the Committee on Decoration showed rare judgment In arrang ing the platforms, and the neighboring build ings. There was n surprising lack of that af fectation and gaudiness which so often mark the patriotic American gathering. The elevated platform running dut from the main entrance to Memorial Hull had a railing along its front and a bay window In thu centre. Ihe latter was draped with a large American flag without folds or additional ornamentation. At the two outside corners of the platform smaller flags were perched. The massive balus trade connecting the central lower of Memorial Hall with those at the corner, supported at regular Intervals Irn menflu granite vases, which were filled with choice flowers, adding not ft little to the attrac tiveness of the building. Above them the In evitable eagle, with widespread wings, looked down upon the scene from the summit of each tower. Opposite the entrance to the main building was the platform for the orchestra and the trained chorus. Here the decorations were yet more simple, only a few small Hags mid streamers being displayed. These were also to bo seen at Intervals along the roof of the main buildings, but no largo flags or bunting were to bo seen, owing to the order which forbade tbo hoisting of the flags until a given signal. Aft the Vast words were uttered by the Presi dent, TUB SIGNAL was given by Gen. Hawley, and Immediately the great Hog over the centre ol tho main building was unfurled, the tlrst gun was tired, and thu choir buret forth with the “ Hallclujh Chorus.” Its notes wero drowned by the cheers that went up from a hundred thousand throats, Hals were flung In tins air and handkerchiefs waved, During the singing the Foreign Commissioners filed off from the’ platform to tho main building ami took up their positions In front of tho various depart ments which they represented. TUB PKOCKSSIOH then formed, headed by a platoon of Centen nial Guards. The President waa accompanied ■by Director-General Goshorn, and immediately following them were tho Brazilian celebrities. The other ofllclals come after them In the order of their rank, and, passing down tho middle aisle, frequent pauses were made to Inspect tbo various articles on exhibition. It should be said here that WONDBHPUL I'JIOOUESS has undoubtedly been made within two days In preparing the main building. Ail tbo departments made u respectable show ing, except tho Russian and (he Turkish. Franco and England, tho countries tint in tbo line of thu procession, were in excellent order. Tho show-coses were brilliant with goods of every description, ami as oil thu rubbish had been removed, they showed to great advantage. Germany, which but u few days since seemed fur behind In her preparations, now appeared In gorgeous array. When tho Brazilian depart ment was reached, TUB PUBBIDBNT AND DOM I’BDIIO rood© a joint Inspection of (U really fine cx blMeanwhllo thousands of sightseers h*l crowded their way into tho building and formed o solid phalanx along on each side of tho lino of march, and tho utmost efforts of the policemen mid guards were re aulred to keep them lu order. For some reason i© doors at tho lower cud of tho building were kept closed, and no one was allowed to leave until the ftroccaiou should have pawed out. CHICAGO, THURSDAY. MAY 11, 1876, Consequently there was an immense Jam of peo ple in that vldnily. Hats were crushed and coats tom In the universal struggle for exit. In the broad space between the end of tho main building and Machinery-Halt THE TROOPS had been drawn up In hollow squares, and aline with crossed bayonets kept bock the scrglng crowd outside. As the procession emerged from the main building, a universal shout went up from the multitude. TUB BCENB at this point was exceedingly effective. The long lines of troops, the gay uniforms of tho diplomatic corps, and tho foreign military of ficers In the procession, combined to produce a scene of greater brilliancy than hail yet been witnessed. Fussing on to Machinery Ilnll the President BET TUB CORLISS RKOIKB IN MOTION, and, from there, tho company proceeded in tho Judge’s Hall, where the President’s reception was hchl. After tho opening ceremonies were ended, the immense multitude thronged through the grounds and buildings and nave Itself up to sight-seeing and accompanying amusements. But first they must oat and drink, and all the restaurant* In tho grounds were speedily thronged. At 3 o’clock there was not a chair t,o be hud in the American and French restaurants, and In many places people were standing and waiting for chances. By 4 o’clock tho French restaurant was quite KATUN OUT, and nothing could he had but trine and water. The proprietors explained that they had not been allowed to bring In any provisions since 9 o’clock, and the unexpected demand had quite exhausted them. All tho restaurants and bar rooms lu and around the grounds did a line business, and laid the foundation of a fortune. The temperance question seems to be settled lu favor of the drinkers, os the restaurants SELL ANYTHING CALLED FOR, from cocktails up to punches or down to beer. During the afternoon tho crowd remained on the grounds and the avenues, and tilling the restaurants. At about 4 o’clock the sky, which had been gradually growing cloudy, began to pay Its tribute of baptism to the opening cere monies. There was a grand nisi) for the gates, mid carriages, street-ears, wagons, and every kind of vehicle were taken possession of by the multitude In order to escape the Psr.unß. Then It was found how Inadequate were the ex portation facilities. Not. u tenth part of the people enuld bo accommodated, Tim street ears were jammed and clogged. Men nnd women lied for rufugo to the hotels in the vicin ity and lined them. The restaurants were crowded. In the streets them was one black mass of wet humanity hurrying and tumbling over one another, frantically endeavoring to secure shelter, until long after dark the tide continued to surge out from the grounds to wards the city. Tins “WinsoK. AH ATTKACTIVK DIBPI.AT. 9j>ediH Dispatch to The Tribune, PuiLADHM’iiiA, May 10.—Ono of the most attractive exhibits In the great Machinery Hall is that made by the Wilson Sowing-Machine Company, of Chicago. The stand of this Com pany Is near the large engine, and the attention of the Presidential parly and the other visiting olllelala was captured by the handsome machines and the artistic manner In which the booth was arranged. They Inspected It carefully, and with evident pleasure, and were fervent In their expressions of • admiration. The Wilson Sewing-Machines arc particularly well rep resented, Mr. W. G. Wilson, President of the Company, having given his personal super vision to the arranging of his contribution to the Exhibition. The foreign Commissioners were quite enthusiastic ntslghtofthe Wilson dis play, several of them remembering and remark ing upon the fact that this was the same make of sewing machine that received tho award of merit at tho Vienna Exhibition. The Wilson machines arc certain to remain pleasantly con spicuous among the objects of Interest during tlio whole time of the Exhibition. BY NIGHT. REVELRY. t Spteiat Diipalcb to The Triuutu, Philadelphia, Pa., May 10 —Midnight.—The streets tonight were densely crowded until a late hour. In some places the assemblage was very dense, and greatly impeded the movements of street-ears. Illuminations and decorations were very extensive. The Union League Club was splendidly decorated, and so were most of the principal public buildings, theatres, and ho tels. Fireworks were let off In various quarters, and there appeared to ho a general disposition to celebrate the day. THE RECEPTION TO PRESIDENT GRANT this evening at the house of George W. Childs was largely attended. Most of the distinguished persons who were invited to witness the opening of tho Centennial Exhibition received invitations to tho reception, and tickets were also sent to many persons iu Now York, Washington, Phila delphia, and other cities. Tho Emperor of Brazil was among tho guests. Tho party In cluded most of the members of tho Cabinet, many Senators and Kepresentatives, and several Governors of States and officers of tho army and navy. PRESS REPORT. PRELIMINARIES. PniLAPEi.viux, Pa., May 10.—The morning was very rainy, with the prospect of a steady rainy day. The city was crowded with visitors, trains last evening and tills morning having come from oil directions with crowds of passengers from abroad. The streets were all ablaxe with flags, and, notwithstanding tho rain, tho patriotic decora tions were numerous and fine. Tho Exposition opening was the only topic of conversation, and from early morning throngs of people, on foot, In street-ears, carriages, wag ons, and steam-cars, were pouring towards tho Centennial grounds, In anticipation of the open ing of the gates. This morning, early, the military parade, com prising portions of tho First Division, took place, passing through Dio principal streets of the city. Tho display was fine, though not nearly so large as It would have been had tho weather been favorable. At 10:15 a. m., tho sky cleared, and the weath er was beautiful—sunny, but not too warm. The grounds were In very good condition, in spite of the hard and long-continued ruins, tlumgli there was much mud. The gates were opened at a little after 8 o’clock. It la roughly estimated that 50,000 people were on the grounds nt 10 o’clock. A SI'ACIOUa I'LATVOHM had been erected at the side of the Memorial Hall, north of the center of tho Main Building, and scats were arranged on tho platform for olllclal and other Invited guests. At tho right of the center were seats for the President of the United States and the members of the Cabinet, and further to the right were tho scuts of United State* Senators, Alcinbcrs of the House of Heprcaentatlvcs, the Governors of the various States, with their stalls, . tho Governor of this Stale ami Buto officers, the Supremo Court and tho Legislature, tho representatives o! thu Army and Navy, the Smithsonian Institute, United Slates Judges, olllcers of tho Executive Oilleo and tho Oureaiw. and the members of thu Woman’s Centennial Committee. On tho left of the centre were the scuts of tho United Slates Supremo Court,.and further lo the loft tho seals for membem of the Diplomatic Corps and members of the Lenten ulul Commission, the hoard of Finance, tho Woman’s Executive Committee, Foreign Com missioners. the Mayor, Council, and other ot thiols of Philadelphia, Mayors of other cities, State Centennial hoards, the Hoard of Award, Judges of Yacht and lUllo Clubs, and along thu front of thu platform were seats lor members of thu press. TJIB OHCIIB9TNA 1 of 150 pieces ami u chorus of 1,000 voices, under the direction of Theodore Thomas and Dudley Duck, were stationed directly la front of tuo platform, at the side of the main building The space la front of tho platlonn, except that needed fur passage-ways, wua open to the public until after the Inauguration. The mala building, Machinery Hall, and Me morial Hall were reserved for invited gtests. and closed to Urn public. All guests pissed through the mala building, catering at tuo east and west ml, or at the south side, and ueaco through tho centre door, ut the north site, to the platform. Tho space about tho platform, and for such distance that to see and near were Impossible, was crowded densely with pwplo waiting lor tho opening exercises TUB mo GOBS. U-o’clocJh tho. resident and till parly, acompanled by tbe officials pre viously designated, proceeded to the platform, the President having been escorted to the grounds by Gov. Hftrtrsnft, with a division of tho military. The platform was at cure crowded, and all tbe surrounding space and all tno available points of elevation in the neighborhood were already occupied by crowds of visitors. Tlic orchestra, while the seal* were being secured, played national airs, and, after the party on the tilatform had arranged them selves, played 'Wagner's Centennial March, which was received with applause. • OPENING PRAYER. BY ntSWOP RUIPION. The opening prayer, by Bishop Simpson, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was in the fol lowing words: Almighty and Everlasting God. Onr Heavenly Father, Heaven Is Tby throne, ana Iho earth is Thy footstool. Before Thy majesty and holiness the angels veil their face*, and the spirits of the Just made perfect how In humble adoration. Thou art (he Creator of all things, the preserver of all that exist, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, nr powers. The minute and the* vast, atoms nnd worlds, alike attest tin- übiquity of Thy presence and the omnipotence of Thy sway. Thou alone aie Ihe sovereign ruler of nations. Thou raiseth up one and castclh down another, and Thou glvcst the kingdoms of the world to whomsoever Thou wilt. The past, with all Its rec ords, is the unfolding of Thycounsels and the real isation of Thy grand resigns. We hall Thee ns onr rightful Tinier, tho King Eternal. Immortal, end Invincible, the only true God. blessed forevermore. We comocn this blessed day. Othou God of our fathom. Intotheso entirtswUh thanksglvlngandlnlo these gates with praise. W« bless Thee for Tby wonderful goodness Id Ihe past; forthc laud which Thnu caves! to our fathers—a land veiled forages from the ancient world, but revealed lu the lull- less of lime to Thy chosen people, whom Thou lldst lend by Thine own right hand through the illlowM of the deep—s land of vast extent, of tow .-ring mountains, and broad plains—of nnnund*ered irmliicts. and of untold treasures. We thank Thee for the fathers of our country, men of mind and of might, who endured privations and sacrifices, who braved multiplied dangers, rather than defile their consciences or he untrue U> their God—men who laid on tho broad foundation of truth aod Justice the grand structure of civil freedom. Wo thank Thee for social and rational pros perity amt progress: for the laudable discov eries, mid multiplied Inventions. and labor-sav ing machinery, relieving the lolling manses; for schools as free as the morning light: for the millions of rising generations; for books and periodicals scattered like leaven of autumn over the land: for art and science: for freedom to wor ship Ood according to Die dictates of conscience; for a Church unfettered by the trammels of Bute, lllcss, we pray Thee, the President of the United States nod his constitutional advisers, the Judges of the Supreme Court, the Senators and Hepresen* tatlvcs In Congress, the Governors of our several commonwealth*, the officers of the army and the navy, and nil who arc In oflldal portion* throuch out our land. Guide them, we pray The, with counsels of wisdom, and may they ever role in rightonsneas. We rsk Thy blessing to rest upon the President and members of (hr Centennial Com* mission, and upon those associated with them In the various department*'who have tailored long and earnestly, amidst anxieties and difficulties, for the success of thin enterprise. May Thy special blessing, O Thon God of all the nations nr the earth, rest upon our national guests, our visitors from distant lands. We welcome them to our shores, and we rcjuict in their pres* ence among us, whether they represent thrones, or culture, or research, or whether they come to ex hibit the triumphs of genius and art In the devel opment of Industry In the progress of civilization. Preserve thou them, we beseech thee, in health and -ifety ,ety, and In due time may they bo welcomed by tured ones again to their own, their native land. Let Thy blessing rent richly an this Centennial celebration. May the lives and health of all Inter* entedbc precious In Thy sight. Preside in Its as semblies; grant that this association In Us effort may bind more closely together every part of our great Itepublic, so that ourCnion may be perpet ual and indissoluble. Lot Its Influence draw the nations of the earth Into a happier unity. Here after, wo pray Thee, may all disputed ques tions ho settled by arbitration, and not by the sword; and may wars forever cease among tlic sons of men. We praise Thee for the closing century, for the founders of the itepublic, for the Immortal Washington ond his grand asso ciates, for the wisdom with which they planned, and the firmness and'heroism which, nndcr Thy blessing, led them to triumphant success. Thun wust their shield In hours of danger, their pillar of cloud by dnv and their pillar of fire by ntghu May we, their sons, walk In their footsteps amt Imitate their virtues. May the new ceutury lxs belter than the past,—more radiant with the light of true phi losophy; warmed with the animations of world wide sympathy. May capital, genius, and labor have been freed from all antagonism by the estab lishment and application of such principles of justice ond equality as shall reconcile the diversi fied Interests, and bind In Imperishable bands all parts of society. We pray for Thy benediction, especially on the women of America, who, for the first time In the history of our race, take so con spicuous a place lu a national celebration. May the light of their Intelligence, purity, and enter prise shed Its beams afar in distant buds, that their sisters may realize the beauty and glory of Christian freedom and elevation. We beseech Thee, Almighty Father, that our be loved Hepnblie may be strengthened In every ele ment of true greatness, until her mission is accom plished by presenting to the world an illustration of the happiness Of a free people, with a free Church, hi it free Stale, under laws of their own en actment and under rulcm of their own selection, acknowledging supreme allegiance only to the King of kings and Lord of lords; and ae Thou didst give to one of Us Illustrious sons first to draw experi mentally the electric spark from Heaven which has since girdled the globe In its celestial whispers of “Glory to God in the highest, peace on earth, and good will to men.” so to the latest time may the mission of America, under the divine Inspiration, be one of affection, brotherhood, and love for all our race, and may the coming centuries be filled with the glory of our Christian civilization; and unto Thee, our Father, through Hits whoso life is the light of men, will wc ascribe glory and praise, now and forever. Amen. OTHER CEREMONIES. After tho singing of Whittier’s Centennial Hymn, the presentation of tho buildings took place, the Board of Finance, wi»u appropriate speeches and ceremonials, turned over tho buildings to the Commission. Next followed tho singing of Sidney Lanier’s cantata by a full chorus, accompanied by tho orchestra, Tho applause of the vast crowd was enthusiastic, and portions of the music were encored, especially tho bass solo sung by Mr. Whitney, of Boston. niESiDEST vnsLsra’s spbbcii. John Welsh, President of llic Centennial Board of Finance, then formally presented tho buildings to the United Stotea Centennial Com tlon, con eluding Uia address <ut follows: Limes akd Gentlemen: If tn tho past we hare met with disappointments, difficulties. and trials, they have been overcome by jio consciousness that no sacrifice can be too great which la made to honor tho memories of thoao who brought our nation into being. This commemoration of the events of 1770 excites our present gratitude. Tho assem blage hero to-day of bo tr*any foreign represent*- Uvea, uniting with us In this reverential tribute, is our reward. Wo cong'.ntulate you on the occur rence of thU day. llany of the nations have gath ered hero in pcscelul com|«llllon. bach may profit by association. Tide Exhibition Is but a school. The nwa thoroughly iw les sons arc learned the greater will he the gain, and who'j It shall have closed, if by that study the nations engaged in U shall have learned respect for each other, then Itmay bohoped that the veneration for Him who rules on high will become universal, aud the angel's song onco more bo heard: “fllor.y m nod In the highest; on earth peace, good will toward men. ” GEN. IXA.’WXEY’S SPEECH. tbb BxmorrtoN turned over to tub rnssi DENT. Joseph Ft. Hawley, the President of the Cen tennial Commission, In the following speech, made the, jircsontatlou of tho Exhibition to tho President of the United States: Un. I,*BKS«neNT! PlveyoarsagothoPrcsldcntof the Vr4lod »lat«# declared It fitting that the com picUosioftbu Aral century of our national exist ence should he commemorated by the exhibition of (he natural resource* of our country, their de velopment, and of its progress in those arts which benefit mankind, und ordered that an exhibition of American and foreign arts, products, and manu factures should be held under the auspices of the Government of the United States, in the City of Philadelphia, in the Tear 1870. To put into effect the several laws relating to the Kxhlbltton, tho United States Centennial Commission was consti tuted, composed of two Commissioners from each Slate and county, nominated by their respective Governors nud appointed by the President. Congress also created our auxiliary and osso date corporation, the Centennial hoard of Finance, whoso unexpectedly heavy burden has been nobly Lome, and the remarkable and prolonged disturbance of tho finances and in dustries of the country has greatly magnified the task, but we hope for favorable Judgment of the degree of saccess attained. On July 4, 1873. this ground was dedicated to its pressut uses. Twenty one months ago this Memorial Hall was bsguni ail tho other 180 imildlugs within tho enclosure have been erected wlUilu twelve moutlis: oil the build ings embraced in the plans of tho Commission it self aru finished. Tho demands of the applicants exceed tho space, and strenuous and continuous efforts have boon made to get every exhibit ready in time. By general consent, the exhibition was apjuopxiaUly bcidlu tbs City of htaihcrU law). Yonder, almost within your view, stand* vsn erslcd edifice wherein occnrred the eve/ rhlch this vrntlc Is designed to commemnf ts and the halt In whicli tho first C'entenfO? Con gresa assembled. Within th< ’ pres ent limits of this great pork l£i tho homos of the eminent patriots of that * where Washington and bis associates rcceiv* Omerous hospitality and able counsel. You hnf S hserved the surpassing beaty of Iho situationjr % dntoiir disposal. In harmony with all this n sis the liberal support given to tho enterprise 5 neHtate, the city, and the people Individually. nu know the very acceptable lenna in which Ur cspnnded from even the most distant regions. • TOdr Com missioners ore here, and yon will soon s»e whh what energy and brilliancy they have entered upon this friendly comtwlition In the arts of marc. U has been the fervent hope of the Commission that during this festival year tho people from all Stat'-s and sections, of all creeds and chnrchc*. nil parties and classes, burying all resent ments. would come »>p together to this birthplace of Liberty, to study iho evidence of onr resources, to measure the progress of a hundred years, ond to examine to our profit Ihe wonderful products of other lands, but especially to Join bonds In perfect fraternity, and premise to tbe Oodof our fathers that the now century shall surpass the old In tho tru« glories of civilisation; and. furthermore, that from the association hereof welcome visllor/i from all nations there may result not alnrr great benefits to Invention, manufactures, agriculture, trade and commerce, hut also stronger Interna tional friendships and more lasting peace. Thus reporting to you, Mr. President, nndnMho Jaws of the Government and the usage of similar occasions, In the name of the United htates Cen tennial Commission, I present to your view tho International Exhibition of IMTO. GEN. GRAFT’S RESPONSE. AH INTERESTING RECEPTION. When President Grant rose to respond, he was greeted with cnihoshwtlcantl long-continued ap plause, followed by three cheers and a tiger, led by Gen. Hawley, President Grant then read his response, ns fol- It ha? been thought appropriate npon this Cen tennial occasion to bring loKothrr in Philadelphia, /or popular inspection. specimens of our attain inenta in the inunstrinl ami line art?, and in litera ture, science and philosophy, ns well ns In the great businesses of agriculture and of commerce, that wc may more thoroughly opprcclatc the excel lences and dcflclcncc? of our achievements. and al«o give an emphatic expression to onr earnest desire to cultivate the friendship of our follow-member# of thin great family of nations. The en lightened agricultural, commercial. and mnnufuttnring people of the world have been invited to send hlthor corresponding specimens of their skill, to exhibit on equal terms, in friendly competition with our own. To this In vitation they have generously responded, and for so doing we render theni our hearty thunks. The beauty and utility of the competitions will this day be submitted to your inspection by the man agers of this Exhibition. \V« are plan to know that a view of the specimens of the nielli of all na tions will afford to you unalloyed pleasure, as well as yield to you o valuable practical knowledge of thtdr remarkable results of the wonderful akin ex isting in enlightened communities, I One hundred years ago our country was new, and bnt partially settled. Our necessities have com pelled us to chiefly extend every means and time in felling forests, subduing prairies, and bunding dwellings, factories, ships, docks, warehouses, roads, canals, machinery, etc., etc. Most of our schools, churches, libraries, nmlasylnmslmvebceo established within 100 years. Burdened by these great primal works of necessity which couid not be delayed, we yet have done wbnl this Exhibition will show in the direction of rivaling older ami more advanced nations in law, medicine, and the logy. In science, literature, philosophy, and the fine arts. Whilst proud of what wu have done, wo regret that wc have not done more, our achieve ment* have been great enough, however, to make it easy for onr people to acknowledge superior merit, wherever found. Ami now. fellow-citizens. I hopen carefulexnm inutlon of what is about to be exhibited to you will not onlv Inspire you with a profound respect for the skill ana taste of our friends from other na tions, but also satisfy you with the attainments made by our people unring the pasture years. 1 Invoke your generous ro-opcmtlnn with the worthy Commissioners to secure u brilliant success to ibH International Exhibition; and to make the stay of our foreign visitor*, to whom wo extend a hearty welcome, both profitable and pleasant to them. I declare the International Exhibition now open. So great was the confusion in the crowd, ami ho low the tone of voice In which the speech was read, that people a few yards away vouUTnot hear what was uttered. HALLELUJAH, The close of the President’s brief address was followed bv the raising of the flag on the Main Building,*the signal that the Exhibition was open. Salutes were fired, hells commenced ringing, and the chorus began singing Hallelujahl The chimes commenced to ring various airs, and the President and Invited guests, amid cheers from the crowd, began a procession through the Main Building aud Machinery Hall. ECHOES. FROM OTItERWIIERRS. WASHINGTON. Special Dispatch to The Tribune. Washington, P. C. t May 10.— There w*« al* most a complete suspension of public business here to-day on account of the Centennial open ing. Although the Departments were not for mally ordered closed, by tacit understanding very little work was done, and the bureaus were nearly all empty. The town Itself Is even more deserted than in midsummer. Almost (be en tire Congress and Departments are in Philadel phia. It la not expected that much political or legislative business will be done this week, and itis anticipated that there mny not be a quorum Id either House on Friday. Col. Norton, President of the Mount Vernon Military Academy, situated at Morgan Park, near Chicago, arrived here this morning to make application to the Secretary of Mar for ordinance and rifles for the cadets of the Acad emy. The cadets will visit the Centennial Ex hibition and also this city In the month of June. NBWYORK CITT. Special Dispatch to T-e Tribune. New Tonic. May 10.—Tim opening of the Centennial Exhibition was generally celebrated in this city to-day by an extensive display of na tional and foreign flags from public and private buildings and fronts. Many Broadway stores are smothered in bunting. The Interiors of down-town restaurants arc profusely, and some of them beautifully, festooned with Centennial colors. Ferry-boats exhibited Hags with “ l».tt harbor generally is similarly obaeningtheopen hig of th«! great show. The railroads leading to Philadelphia did a larger business than usual to dav, but trawl was not so heavy tw on Monday and Tuesday, when the Pennsylvania Road was obliged to double Ita facilities for passenger-travel. First-class round-trip tickets, good fur flvo days, aro sold at $4; good for flf toon days, $5; third-class round-trip tickets, good only on tho day of Issue aud between cer tain hours of tho day, $2. I»AKKUIISUUHO.IA. Special Depots* to The Tribun*. I’AnKBH.HiiUKO, la., May 10.—The Centennial was ushered lu hero tills morning l>y tiring c salute of 100 guns anil decorating the streets and principal business bouses with the Amur! can flog. DBTKOIt. Detroit, Mich., May 10.—The Detroit Com* mandery to-doy received proposals from sir different routes for transportation for them selves, and a largo number of Knights from different parts of the State of Pennsylvania to attend tiio Grand Templar celebration at Philadelphia. All the proposals were declined on account of tho high rale of fare. The C<mj maudery will probably decide to stay at home, unless a reduction Irvm the rate now estab lished Is given them. Should they so decide, It is claimed that it will keep over two thousand Knights at home that Intended going. KUIB, l*A. Sptcial pttpatek to Tbe Tribune. Ebib, Pa., May l6.—Tho Lawrence. Commo dore Perry’s Hag-ship, now sunk in this harbor, will he raised and transported to Philadelphia, where it will Ix 3 exhibited to those persons who will pay 25 cents each togaxo upon it. OCEAN STEAMSHIP NEWS. London, May 10.—Steamships Italy and Weser, from New York, and Atlas from Boston, have arrived out. Boston, May 10.—Arrived, steamships Ph»- nlelan. from Glasgow; Quebec, from Liverpool; and Thomas, from London. .. New York, May 10.— Arrived, steamship# Ethopla and Btato of Indiana, from Glusgog; Scotia, from Liverpool; and Labrador, iron Havre. Pim.ADßLrnu, May 10.— Arrived, steamship Nederland, from Antwerp. New York, May 10.—Arrived—Steamer Wee laud, from Hamburg. THE WEATHER. Washington, D. C., May U—l a. m.—ln*tho Upper Lake region and Upper Mississippi Valley, falling and low barometer, warmer, cast to southerly winds, Increasing to brisk and possibly high, Increasing Uouolßies, uud fol by cab. /S PRICE FIVE CENTS. FOREIGN. The Outrage at Salonlca Said to Have Been Pre meditated. Summitry Punishment of the As sassins Demanded by the Bor. lin Conference. Fears of aGeneral Mussuh man Uprising Against the Christians. TURKEY. THIS HERZEGOVINIAN REFUGEES. Vienna, May 10.—Austria has recommenced giving eutatdle* ig the Herzegovinian refugee* In Dalmatia. The Porte trill mnsldcr tlie latest demands of the Insurgents, If they directly petition tb/ Sultan. TIIK COKTERENCE. Bt. Petersburg, May 10.—. The Czar left hem lost night for Merlin. Berlin, May I<).—Count Andnwsy arrived here. PHEMKDITAfRD. London, Mav 11—fl a. m.—A special from Odessa to tile T’/mv-vreprcficnl l * that, the Salonlca outrage was premeditated- All the Consuls ex cept flic British had warned the Governor ami Porto that, ft massacre was intended. The same dispatch says a leellng of Insecurity prevails among Christians arid Europeans in Tur kov. A plot was discovered hi Con stantinople last week, of which Dervish Pasha, them Minister of War, was the head. Be persuaded the Sultan that an attack on lili palace was meditated. The Governor of Rode*- to hod also armed the Mahomrnedan population of that place, but received orders to disarm them on news of the Salonika outrage. the iNsrmiDr-noK in puloaiua gains ground. The Insurgents hold Bcllon and a portion of llomnellati railway adjacent thereto result ok the conference. London, Mav 11.—The Paris cnrrcspondcnl of the 7Vmc.t sava the Interchange of views at Her lln on the Salonica affair resulted in a collective demand on the port of the European Powers fo! the execution of the murderers, Indemnification of the families of the victims, a solemn salute to the French and German lings by lhe Turkish authorities, and u guarantee against similar mas sacres. Berlin, May JO.—Cotint. Andrassy had a long conference with Prince Bismarck this afternoon. Counselor Von NodikolT, ihipslau Ambas sador at Vienna, Is expected here. THE BALONK-AN MURDERER*. Constantinople, May 10.—Fifty persons who took part in the riot tit fciilonlca have been ar rested. GREAT BRITAIN THE SCOTCH RIFLE TEAM. London, May 10.—Capt. MacDonald, of Edin burg, has been elected Ccaptaln of the Scotch team, to compete in the Centennial rifle match. The team will sail from Liverpool July 10. DECLINED. The President of the Cambridge University Boat Club, W. B. Close, has officially declined an Invitation to participate hi the Centennial regatta in consequence of the Inability to or ganize a representative crew. lie hopes some college four will go. FATAL ACCIDENT. Daring the racing at Chester to-dny a tern porarv Bland erected for the use of spectators fell. ‘Two persons were killed ami many seri ously Injured. FAILURE. Turner, Nott & Strong, corn and pro vision merchants, Bristol, have suspended. Lia bilities between *400,000 mid $500,000, FRANCE. PRESS PROSECUTION. Paris, Mny 10.—Henri Rochefort's journal, Droits de L'lfommt , has been again prosecuted for publishing a letter from a person deprived of civil and political rights. The letter was in advocacy of u subscription for sending workmen to the Pldladclphla Exposition. VOUTICAI. VI’.OOUAMMT. London, May 10,—A special from Paris statet that on the reassembling of tbe Chambers, if. Ricard, Minister of the Interior, will demand tbut the amnesty question ba made tbo ordci of tbo dav for Monday. _ It Is reported Unit the Orlcanlsts ami Bona partlsta have formed u coalition to give tho Min istry a check. MEXICO. DIAZ PRACTICES DISCRETION. Special THip'tlch to V>e Tribune. ■Washington, 1). C., Mny 10.—An ollldal dl» patch to the Stale Department from Mataraoros, dated yesterday, says: “Gen. Diaz's revolu tionary force is reported to have sullcrcd ter ribly, losing many men for want of supplies. Tho Infantrv and artillery arc falling back, and are expected hero to-nlgnt. The fortifications are hastily being prepared for a siege. Thu Government cavalry are reported advancing from Victoria to Intercept tho retreating revo lutionists, and, recapture-this city." AUSTRIA. THT! ACSmO-UCNOAUIAN COMPROMISE. Pesth, May 10.—At a conference of tbo Lib eral party here, tho action of tho Hungarian Cabinet with regard to tho Austro-Hungarian compromise has been approved by a vote of 161 to tit). LIBERIA. A. PINANCUI. VAILURE. London, May 10.—Tho Pott says advice* from Liberia arc most unsatisfactory and dis couraging. Tho new Administration's financial statement la looked forward to with great anx iety. It is stated that much of tho proceeds of the English loans has been wasted in England In law suits. President Payne, aided by the presence of a United States man-of-war, Ims succeeded In concluding the peaeo with tho Capo Palmas tribes, and returned to Monrovia. TIKES. ix cine.ago, Tbe alarm from Box 512 at I o’clock yesten dav morning was caused by tho discovery of flro In the third story of No. 55 South Canal street, occupied bv William McGregor A Co. as a brass coupling factory. Damage s3oo} cause ua known. AT COLTIRAIN, MAH9. SrnwonELP, Mass., May O.—H. B. Denni son’s barn, at Colcrain, tho finest In Franklin County, was burned yesterday, with two horses, several cattle, and a lot of hay and grain. Tho ham, which was new. cost about 115.000; the total loss is over $20,000; Insured for $9,000 In Hartford companies. The fire was caused by an Incendiary. TELEGRAPHIC NOTES. Special DitpatcA to Tbe Tribune. Dctboit, Mich., May 10.—The Custom-House report shows that the exports at this port ag gregate $190,307 In April, and that 11,3T3 were received as duties on Imports. Special Diipateb to TWfcwn*. Spbinovuslu, ill., May 10.— lu United States Commissioner, Adams’ Court to-day, James Booth, of Carthago, and Alvin Salisbury, ol Adrian, Hancock Couuty, were bound over In the sum of (500 each to answer for retailing liquor and tobacco without paying tho special revenue tax. San Francisco, Cal., May 10,—Tbe Chines* question is beginning to excite Interest lu. Brit ish Columbia. A dispatch from Victoria siyi a resolution passed tho House without debau declaring it expedient for tho Government to take steps to prevent tho provinces being over run by Chinese, id tho injury of the white pojK UUUoo/ AH SIN.