Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 17, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 17, 1876 Page 4
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4 TERMS 07 THE TRIBUNE. sins or scßSosirnov (txtabls m adtahgi). - Poata*a Prepaid *4 UUa Office. Dally JWlUoo, PoatpaW, I year • Tarta of jw at nune rate. Mailed to any address four weeks for. Sunday Edition; J. Horary and Uelifllooa Doable .. 300 Ttt* Weekly. postpaid. i year. 0.50 I‘arU of year ati&idc rate. WBBKLT BDITION, POSTPAID. One copy. per year..... IJ-fjO Clabof I-JO Global twenty, per copy MS The paiUii Ul4 Cenu a year, which wo will prepay. Specimen copies tent free. Ta preroot delay and mistakes. be aura and (tire Poit* Ofllet addrea In full, Including State and County. Remitteeeea may be made either by draft, express, Post-Onice order, or la registered letters, at our risk. Tim M 3 TO CITY StinSCIUDBBS. Dally, delivered. Sunday excepted. 25 ccnU per week. 9a(ly, delivered, Sunday included, 30 ccata per week* Addrea THK THIBDJfB COMPANT, > Comer Madison and Pearboru •«!*., Chicago, 111. amusements, New CblrMO Tbentre. CUrkftreet. between lUudolpjj and Lake. Booley’a Mhtftreia. Afternoon tn<l evening. IToeloy’s Theatre. Randolph itreet, between Clark and I.aSalte. Kn tagetnenlof VltvU Avnnnn Company. “IMiiue.** After ■eon and evening. DloTlcker’s Theatre. Madlaon street, between State and Dearborn. En gagement of th« Haggle Mitchell Troupe. "Lorlc. or the Arilu'i Dream.*’ Adrlphl Theatre. in street. corner Monroe. Variety entertain* * l ilt- Waif* of New York." Afternoon and Wood’* Museum. Monroe atirct. between Dearborn and State. "On Hand.*' Afternoon and evening. WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1878. Greenbacks at tbo Now York Gold Ex change yesterday closed at 88J(g)89. Extortion wanes at Philadelphia. The price of lagor-boer, hitherto tea cents, wns yesterday reduced to five cents on tho Cen tennial grounds, and the managers sum moned before them the restaurateurs and compelled a reduction of their enormous rates. The outcome of tho canvass for the Ull noin Governorship is no longer n matter of 3onb! Beveridge is hopelessly beaten, and Cdllom seems to bo almost ns good os nomi nated. Out of iifty-oight delegates to tho State Convention chosen in various parts of tho State yesterday fifty-one are for Cullou, tlx for Beveridge, and ono forllinowAY. While tho testimony of Tom Scott is uni versally conceded as completely setting at rest nil doubts concerning Mr. Blaine's con nection with the bond-transaction, consider able comment is current in Washington un favorable to tho Government Directors. Mr. Harrison, of Indiana, is tho only one of tho number who is on record as having manifested any curiosity about tho extra ordinary purchase for $04,000 of bonds said to bo worth ot that timo not above 7 cents on tho dollar, or $5,250 for tbo whole lot. There was,' to put it mildly, a clear gift of $58,750 to Tom Scott which scorns to have been leniently overlooked by tho Gov ernment Directors, and it is not unlikely that their part in tho business will figure somewhat conspicuously in tho report of the House Judiciary Cojpmittco. Score another egregious blunder by tbo Democracy in tho Hom», and another lift for Mr. Bristow toward the Presidency. Tho resolution calling for all correspondence on the subject of tho whisky prosecutions gives the Secretary no discretion as to what documents ho shall furnish ; but it happens that tho House Ims no authority to enforce tho demand. If, however, Mr. Bristow should comply, tbo pnblication of tho cor respondence would demonstrate more clearly than anything has done heretofore tho diffi culties and obstacles which wero encoun tered in poshing the prosecutions at St. Louis, and will thus still further illustrate tbo character of the man “ whose name is a platform.’’ This is a result which tho Democrats never contemplated in adopting tho unparliamentary and mischievous reso lution, and they begin to realize that they have once more got their fingers pinched for prying into tho Treasury Department. Tho deliberations of tho Confcrouco of Liberals at New York wero concluded yester day, and tbo work of the Conference, os em bodied In tho lino address read by Carl Ncuurz, is before the country. There was no President-making on the programme, but there was on outspoken declaration thot tho Conference looks first to, tho Republican party, at its Convention at Cincinnati, for a nomination that will call to its support the independent vote, tbo “con science vote,** of which a fragment only was personally a part of tho Now York gathering. Tho Republican party failing to most tlio demands of tho year and tbo occasion, tho Liberals will await tho action of the Democracy at fit. Louis, and only when such a course shall have been compelled by both tho existing parlies will a movement bo inaugurated for a third party. Tho wisdom, moderation, and earnestness which clioracterizcd tho proceedings of the Conference throughout will not fail to give ilslabors a prominent place in tho political omiabi of tho year. Tho event of all others looked forward (o with overpowering Interest in connection with the whiaky.froud trials in Chicago oc curred yesterday. It was the appearance on the witnoes-atsud of <Luns Rtiui, the great head and centre of all tho thievery that has been consummated since the cm of crooked* ness began in this city. Reum has been ac credited with a reputation for shrewdness acquired by tho judicious policy of keeping bis mouth shat, but be has abandoned this system and set his tongue in motion at a fearful rota as a witness for the Government, and it must be confessed that he bos demonstrated no mean order of capacity In his new departure. On his direct examination he told how ho bad paid money to various officials, and under Don Ikoeb sole’s red-hot cross-examination ha boro up bravely and told a good deal more uf the in side workings of tho Ring in Chicago. The names of Wadswobtu, Wane, Mukn, Ibvin, Hoit, Hesino, Bbidqeh, etc., were given os those to whom Itsnii disbursed the money of the distillers and rectifiers, showing that when Jan “ laid down M ho covered a great ieslof ground. The Chicago produce markets were very Irregular yesterday, provisions being quiet and coaler, corn stronger, wheat weak, and other grain steady. Mess pork declined 250 per brl, closing at $20.72) for June and $20.1)2) for July. lord declined 6o per 100 lbs, closing at $13.40 for June and $13.62) for July. Meats were )o per lb lower, at for boxed shoulders, lOjo for do short ribs, and U)o for do abort clears. Lake freight* wwe dtd, at rw vU*U to Buffo to. Roil freights wera less active and un changed. Hfghwines wore steady) at $1.07$ per gallon. Floor was In fair demand and firm. Wheat closed ic lower, at $1.05] cash and SI.OG for Jnno. Com clo9od|(g>|ohighor, at 47jfo cash nod 4Cc for Jnno, Oats closed at 80jc cash and 80$o for Jnno. Rye won nominal at Cso. Barley was firm, dosing at 630 for May and C7o for Juno. Ilogs woro active and firm; light weights at 6o ad vance; sales mostly at $7.10@7.20. Cattle wore doll and weak. Sheep were active and higher. Last Saturday thero was in atore in this city 1,587,11(12 bn wheat, 096,077 bn com, 816,739 bu oats, 03,965 bn rye, and 121,860 bn barley. One hundred dollars In gold would buy $112.87$ in greenbacks at the close. .111.00 Secretory Bbibxow'b campaign against tho whisky thieves in California baa caused groat commotion among the local officers, tho dis tillers, and their "friends at court,’* who have united In a tremendous effort to put a stop to tho seizures, investigations, and dam aging disclosures that havo already resulted and that threaten to follow fast unless tho man In the Treasury Deportment "calls off his dogs." Tho sum of $30,000 in gold has boon offered to ono of tho officers actively engaged in unearthing tho whisky frauds and bringing tho thieves to grief os an in dacament to pat a stop to tho prosecutions and seizures, but, os tho war goes on, it is safe to presumo that tho big bid was not ac cepted. Tho system of "crookedness" practiced in California ie described as iden tical with that which obtained in St Louis, Chicago, and Milwaukee, but it was carried out more boldly on tho Pacific Coast, on ac count of remoteness from internal revenue headquarters. TUB CHARGES AGAINST UR. BRAINS. While Mr. Blaine's personal statement in regard to Ida alleged connection with the sole of the $75,000 Little Hock 4 Fort Smith bonds to tbo Union Faoifla Company was tolerably comprehensive and quite satisfac tory to his friends, bo may bo farther con gratulated that a single day’s examination of the case by a Congressional Committee served to exonerate him completely. At tbo same time, the testimony taken by tho Com mittee is of a character to show that tbo charge had a strong color of probability, and that it was not put forth as a baseless piece of malice. Mr. Harrison, of Indianapolis, from whom it first came to tbo public eye, is fully vindicated from oil intention to de fame, and it has been shown, by tho testi mony of Mr. Millard and tho admission of Rollins himself, that tho latter told Harri son that Blaine was involved, and thereby induced Harrison to withdraw his resolution for an investigation of tho transaction. Tbo only nnfortunato partof tho investigation is Hollins’ failure to recollect who or what it was that Induced him to think that Blaine had any connection with tho trans action. It is strange that, having said so positively at ono time that 13 la ins was im plicated in tbo transfer of these bonds, he cannot now remember what produced so dis tinct an impression on his mind. Ur. Hol lins’ testimony leaves him in tbo position of an irresponsible scandal-monger, or as pro tecting tho person or parsons who told Him of Mr. Blaine’s connection with the trans action. x Tho evidence which really vindicates Mr. Blaine in this matter boyoud further ques tion Is furnished by Col. Thomas A. Scott, who assumes tho entire responsibility, and shows that bo was tho owner of tho bonds and bought thorn when they wore originally sold by tho financial agent of tho Little Rock & Fort Smith Railroad. Col. Bcorr probably hod somo ax to grind in Arkansas, and pur chased theso bonds as a means of helping on his schemes. When ho subsequently become President of the Union Pacific Hailroad Com pany, bo thought his services for that Com pany entitled him to more compensation than he received, and offered to compromise by unloading tbo worthless Arkansas rail road bonds on tho stockholders of the Union Pacific. The Directors of tho Company helped Co! Scon to carry out this scheme, and it adds but another instance to the Ipng list of cases whore the stockholders in railroads have bad to pay for tho unprofitable investments of their officers or Directors. Though tho proof seems convincing that Mr. Blaine was never tho owner of tho bonds, and is ex onerated, tho transaction remains a very questionable one; but then tho Union Pacific record is so full of this sort of dealings that it will probably cause but little surprise. Still it scorns that Mr. Blaine is not yet through with these Arkansas railroad bonds. In his statement before Congress ho ex plained that ho had owned certain of tho Little Hock & Fort Smith bonds, and that ho bod invested his own money In thorn at tho time Now England capital was going into this class of securities. Now it is charged that o man named Hobinson, who was Chief Engineer of the Little Hook & Fort Smith Railroad, is ready to testify that ho himself gave Blaine $21,000 worth of those bonds in a room in the Capitol building, and in tho 1 presence of ex-Benator 8. F.Hioa. This story . seems to have been circulated in Woshing i ton by Chief Justice McClure, of Arkansas, [ better known »a “ Poker Jack,” and it is said that Robinson will put in an appearance and give his evidence when Congress shall order ; another Investigation. It is only fair to Mr. j Blaine, while this now charge has not yet been Investigated, to remember thrtt ho has [ cleared his skirts of tho former charges, and that tho now scandal emanates from a gang of Arkansas politicians whoso reputation is not such tut to command Implicit faith in anything they may say. Wo presums an in vestigation will bo ordered* If so, Mr. ; Blaine must stand up to It, no matter how unjust bo may feel It to be. It Is one of tbo penalties of Presidential aspirations j and 1 bis own interests and tho interests of tho I Republican party demand the thorough sift ing of every charge that Is modeegaiusthim. The extraordinary oourso of the rag babyites in Congress in voting against au thorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to at once put into circulation the silver small change in tho Treasury can only bo ac counted for on the theory that they are afraid to let the people have even thoir dimes in honest money. Silver dimes id people's pockets in place of tho dirty, ragged fractional currency, would bo liable to beget i • depraved appetite for a currency redeem able In gold Instead of the dishonored, irre deemable greenback promises to pay, which is whet the rag-baby faction stands in awful dread of. Fbost'b resolution, if passed, would simply have had the effect to put into circulation the, ten millions of small silver which it authorized to bo issued in exchange for greenback* The silver is lying idle in (he Treasury while the people wont it instead of the dilopidated rag froo tionol currency, the cost of printing which it) about 8 per cent per on its entire circulation, and which can scarce THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY. MAY 17, 1870. bo distinguished from the counterfeits.. The greenbacks ware not to ba retired, bat wore to bo reissued in redemption 6f the mg fractional enrronoy. The whole result would have boon that the fractional nuisance would have been abated. The matter was that in the end ten million dollars of those nasty little rags would have boon redeemed. True, it would have boon in silver small change, now idle in the Treasury, and practically use* less without, since it is not a legal-tender in amounts over five dollars. Besides, tho Government would have boon the gainer in saving the cost of printing. Tho vote against tho resolution therefore signified nothing but uncompromising determination not to pay oven (bo picayune promises of the Government to pay. In short, tho seventy-three members of the Rouse who voted against tho resolution put them* solves squarely on record ns in favor of* repudiation. Thai tbo readers of Tub Tmrw cnb may know who they are, a list of tho 78 is appended. It will be scon that but Bof tho whole number are Republicans, and these it is safe to predict will not bo returned to the next Rouse. But Fernando Wood, Holman, Blue Joans Williams, -the Demo cratic candidate for Governor of Indiana, HrnmoHn, of Springfield, who la credited with more honesty, the rag-baby lunatic Campbell, of LaSalle, John R. Eden, and tho rank and file of the Confederates, who don't propose, if they can help it, to pay a cent of tho ** unconstitutional war debt,** voted for Ibis picayune repudiation and to continue (he present expensive system of rag fractional currency, which under tbo cir cumstances the Government would have been tbo gainer by retiring and substituting £hcrofor silver small change, which is really worth something. Wo ropablisb tho pre cious list: Laden L. Ainsworth. lowa. Democrat. William B. Anduraou, Illinois, Independent Icformjf?). John D. p. Atkins, Tennessee, Confederate. John IS, liairr, Indiana, Republican. -> Rickard P. Bland, Missouri, Confederate. James 11. Blount, Georgia, Confederate. Andrew It. Boone, Kentucky. Confederate. John M. Bright, Tennessee. Confederate. John Young Brown. Kentucky, Confederate. George C. Cabell. Virginia, Confederate. John It. Caldwell. Alabama, Confederate. William P. Caldwell, Tennessee. Confederate. Alexander Campbell, Illinois, Rag-baby. ThomatJ, Ca*on, Indiana, Republican. Philip Cook, Georgia. Confederate. David B. Cullerton, Texas, Confederate. Joseph J. Davis, North Carolina, Confederate, llc/.ln A. Deficit, Mlsaouti, Confederate. George O. Dibroll, Tennessee, Confederate. Samuel A. JJoNAnt, New Jersey, Republican. Beverly D. Douclaa, Virginia, Confederate. J lark 11. Ihinusll, Minnesota, Republican. Milton J. Durham. Kentucky, Confederate. John It. Eden, Illinois, Democrat Albert J. Egbert Pennsylvania, Democrat Jamtt L. i&auA, Indians, Republican. Charles J. Faulkner, W. Virginia, Confederate. J'osse J. Piulor, Florida, Confederate. Benjamin J. Franklin. Missouri, Confederate. UcDonl 8. Pallor, Indiana, Democrat John M. Glover, Mtoouri, Confederate. Thomas M. Gunter, Arkansas, Confederate. Andrew U. UarolUoa, Indiana, Confederate. Ilonry XL Harris, Georgia, Confederate. John?. Harris, Virginia, Confederate. William UatUcll, Illinois, Democrat. Robert A. Hatcher, Missouri, Confederate. William S. Holman, Indiana, Democrat. Charles K. Hooker, Mississippi, Confederate. James 11. Hopkins, Pennsylvania, Democrat. John V. llouso, Tennetoee, Confederate. Morton C. Unnter, Indiana, Republican. John A. Hyman (colored). North Caroline, Rep. Thomas L. Jones, Kentucky, Confederate. Franklin Landers, Indiana, Democrat. John A. McMahon, Ohio, Democrat. Charles W, MlHlkln, Kentucky, Confederate. Charles H. Morgan, Missouri, Confederate. William A. rSUUp*, Kansas, Republican. Earley F. Ponpletoo, Ohio, Democrat, Puvid Kea, Missouri, Confoderata. Americas V'. Klee. Ohio, Democrat.) Haywood Y. Riddle, Tcmioeseo, Confederate. William M. Robbtus, North Carolina, Confer! James Bhcakley. Pennsylvania, DemocraL William E. Smith, Georgia; Confederate. Milton I. Southard. Ohio. Democrat. William A. J. Sparks, Illinois, Democrat. WlHlam M. Springer. Illinois, Democrat. William H. Blouo, Missouri, Democrat. William Terry, Virginia, Confederate. J. Randolph Tucker, Virginia, Confoderata. Jocob Turney, Pennsylvania, Democrat. John L. Vance, Ohio, Democrat. Hubert B, Vauco, North Carolina, Confederate. Gilbert C. Walker, Virginia, Confederate. William Wnl-h, Maryland, Confederate. Washington C. WhlUhomo, Tennessee, Goofed. James V. Williams, Indiana, DemocraL William W. Wllshlre, Arkansas, Confederate. Fernando Wood, New York, DemocraL J. Jesse Ycates, North Carolina, Confederate, Democrats and Confederates, 05; Republicans, 8. MAYOR HOYNE AND EX-MAYOR COLVIN. Ex-Mayor Colvin has retired to private life for tho time being. This Is ns it should bo. There Is no reason now why ho should not devote himself entirely to tho legitimate business of express transportation. There are no longer any publio demands for tho saoridoo of his time and talents. There is not oven a provocation for at tho City-Hall, or at any of tho usual haunts which have attracted his presence daring his official career. There are no departments which desire to consult him ns to tho re moval or appointment of employes. There are no ordinances awaiting bis signature. There are no committees for him to appoint ' No ordinances to sign or veto. There are no injured innocents in the Bridewell who can hope for release from his potent pen. There an no more speeches far him to make on be half of tho corporation. There are no more walking-matchos for him to dignify with bis official presence. His occupation os Mayor is gone, and he has joined tho long roll of ox-Mayors. Wo presume, and certainly hope, that Mr. Colvin has made up his mind to accept the situation with good grace. Ills applica tion to the Court is simply the oxeroiue of the right of a private citizen. It does not of itself carry with it any color of title to the office, for any other citizen could bring a similar suit (if tho Court saw fit to recog. nizo him), asking by what authority Mayor lloxkk exercises the functions of bis office. Meanwhile, however, there is nothing which would justify any interference by Mr. Colvin with the official duties of Mayor or any other part of the City Government Mr. Hovnu is the da facto Mayor, has been formally recognized as such by tho Common Conn* oil and all tho departments, bos ap pointed tho Council Committees, and issues orders and signs 4 documents whenever it is necessary to the publio service. There is, therefore, no opportunity to dispute his authority, and there is no fur thcr cause for apprehension in any quarter. Tho issue may now bo regarded as definitely settled. If the Court shall decide that Mr. Horns is the lawful Mayor of tho city, he will go on in the discharge of his duties without any change from tho present situation. If Mr. Colvin shall bo held to be the lawful Mayor, Ur. Hotms will quietly go to his own private office instead of the City-Hall (which wo doubt not will bo much more agreeable to him personally), and Ur. Colvin will take up (he power ho covets so desperately. But, In the meantime, there is only one Mayor in tho city,—-not two,—and Mr. Horns is tho man. This solution of the vexed question Is a matter for general congratulation. It has only been arrived at by the most persistent assertion of the people's rights against the determined effort of*CoLViN to hold the office without an election. Had ha not been mot by a body of men equally determined that tho rights of tho people should not be for feited to fulfill the selfish ambition of a sin gle individual, he would probably have pre vailed, or be would at least have forced tho people to take tho initiative in a law proceed ing which could not have been ended before tho expiration of the term tie claimed. As U is, Mr. Oolvjn am only got repossession of the office by a decree of Court, and the prob ability fa that ho boa retired Into obscurity never ogoin to bo heard of in o public capacity. THE MAYOR'S CASE. The Mayoralty question may now be con sidered os settled until after the decision of the Courts. Ur. Horn* is tn full possession ond oxcroiso of all tho powers of tho Mayor. Tho departments of tho City Oovornmeni recognize him officially as Mayor, and there is not, and will not bo, any further dis turbance or controversy. There is some misapprehension as to the extent of tho agreements mode botvesn the contending parties. There is but one agreement, and that is between the counsel of Mr, Colvin and tbo counsel of Mr. Hotnb os to tho man ner in which such suit as may be begun aboil bo prosecuted. This agreement is In writing, and reads as follows: If Mr. H. D. Court# shall choose to (Ho, tn tbs Criminal Court of Cook County, as relator, an In* formation In tho nature of a quo warranto to teat tho right of Mr. Thomas Horns to tho office of Mayor of tho City of Ctcago, wo stipulate as tbo attorneys of Mr. llovnb to waive service of pro cess, and to cause on Issue or Issues to bo made and decided In Iho said causa wlthoutany unneces sary delay; also, that laid case shall bo argued before and decided by all tho Judges of tho Circuit Court of Oook County, and the decision of all or of a majority of such Judges shall bo entered os tho Judgment of Um Criminal Court by such one of Urn Judges as they may select for that purjweo; and that tbo hearing before aald Judges shall bo had within ten days If practicable, ond that no ex ception shall bo taken to tho filing of ao informa tion without a prior petition being filed. Tho meaning of thU paper is that If Mr. Colvin shall bin on information in tho na ture of n quo warranto to test the right of Mr. IIorNU to tho office of Mayor, tho latter will waivo service of process, will causo tho proper issues to bo mado without unneces sary delays j that tbo easo shall bo argued before all tho' Judges of tho Circuit Court and bo decided by thorn, and that a decision by thorn or a majority of thorn shall bo en tered as tho judgment of tho Criminal Court, and that no exception shall ibo taken to tho filing of on information Vithout filing a prior petition. Tho agreement is confined exclusively to tbo management of tho enso before tho Court, and in no manner rotates to tho office of Mayor. Trforo Is not ovon a stipulation that thoro shall not bo an appeal. In tho meantime, and to the ond of tho term, Mr. Uotne will continue as Mayor, and with the Common Council will at once enter upon a thorough reform of tbo City Qov crumont. • BUSINESS LIBS, Mr. William 8. Qolsen, tho rectifier and witness in tho Mton cose, draws a nice dis tinction, in tho matter of lying. Upon his cross-examination Mr, Goiakn laid down this broad proposition: “I may have told Mr. Motts & Uo. I have a right to toll lies if I con make money by them." The prop osition seems to have startled Col Inokhsoll, who is considerable of a philosopher, and so ho asked tho witness : 44 If you will lie to make money, just tell mowbolher you would lie to keep out of tho Penitentiary T* To which tho witness replied: 44 No, sir, I would not." Col. Inobosoll then drew oat the following nice distinction : 44 Bat you would lie to make a dollar ?* To which said tbo man who wouldn't Uo to savo himself from the Penitentiary ; 44 Oh I but that’s business." Mr. Qolsek's theory as to mendacity may seem at first sight very finely drawn, but when it Is examined below the surface Mr. Qolseh’s practice or rule of life with regard to lying will bo found too often in conscv nance with the general practices of commer cial life. Mr. Golsex’s lying for a dollar is tho way of too many traders tho world over. How many trades consider it wrong to con ceal tho bod qualities of their goods or mag nSfy the good qualities ? What bootmaker considers it a Ho to inform his customer that bis boots w.U last a year when ho knows they will not last six months ? What per cent of clothiers consider it to bo a lie to tell tho purchaser that a suit of clothes will do good service when they know that tho gar monts are shoddy stuff ? What horse-dealer hesitates to recommend a horse os perfect when ho knows that the animal is full of de fects ? Every department of business, espe cially dry-goods trading, is characterized by this indifference to lying. How often is the cost-price misrepresented? There seems to bo a sort of moral obliquity in this regard. Ly ing 44 to make a dollar ** bos become a port of tho machinery of business. The trader lies without a qualm of conscience as to price and quality, and tho customer swal lows tho lie, protending to believe it as if it was part of tbo trade that ho should do so. Grace, truth, and religion combined have thus far failed to root out ibis curse of busi ness lying. Mr. Golsxn made a singular op plication of his theory, as ho seems to have used it to cheat the Government instead of cheating a customer, but ho should be cred ited with courage in being bold enough to give utterance to bis belief In business lies, which are universal in every community, and as disgraceful os they are universal. Mr. Golskk’s application of bis theory seems to bo tho worst feature of it In its general statement ho only enunciated a course of business conduct which is almost universally pursued, and la not generally considered dis reputable. OEATOB HILDRETH ON THE RULES. There ai9 fow people in Chicago who will fall to remember Orator 800 Hinx, of min strol famo, and hia very remarkable temper. qdco speech, which he need to deliver with such thrilling effect from (bo rostrum, cm. pbosized with umbrella and ornamented with unique gesture and genuflexion. It waa a great speech. It had a great effect on the cause of temperance, likewise of intemper ance, and there are probably fow people to day who know upon which side the illus trious orator stood, although no ono will doubt tho brilliancy, eloquence, and fervor of tho oratory, or tho enthusiasm and per sonal magnetism of tho speaker. Orator Bon llaut, however, has now been eclipsed. A greater than he has arisen. Tho temperance speech disappears in comparison with the speech on tho Utiles. Orator Bon JUnr de scends from Ids rostrum and Orator Hin mtvru ascends. Room for tho Demos theses of the West, the Ciobqo of the Sev enth Ward t Listen to his exposition of (ho Rules : 14 Tho idea of coming in one night to the Council, striking oat certain rales to suit that night, and then coming in another night and inserting the same rules that it stricken out one night, why it seems to be perfectly ridiculous." This is pretty good, but better is to come, for Orator Hjldbetb, starting from this point, works up to an ele gant through a forcible crescendo. 44 Tho very idea of the Council going to work in that manner seems to appear upon its face as If that there was no good intent." The crescendo grows: 44 It does not seem as that though the rales were to bo treated with that some degree of respon sibility that the rules hxif upon thomjalTes ( w whatever “that" {9. After this dlstrosalng statement naturally comes the question s ''What safeguards have the people got?” Orator lliLnnjrrn points oat the danger and tho manner in which tho popular safeguards are threatened in Ihs following burst of elo quence, which flies higher than Oabtxb Hao risom*b eagle s ** For Instouoo, if yon ploaso, that there Is a question that matters that my people are deeply interested In, and I say to my people under our mica I can give yon an opportunity to remonstrate against whatever tho subject may bo.” Orator lliLpnETa grows Indignant at tho prospect, and thun ders forth: Wall, then, suppose that that particular mlc that I have the privilege of taking advantage of of re ferring tho subject mailer to a committee—suppos ing that the same Is sot so that that mlo shall bo suspended—supposing that rule Is stricken out by a majority of tho Council for that night, why my people are compelled to shat tbolr mouths; they hare no opportunity to bo heard. Wo would like to pursue this omtor fur ther, but detached gems fail to convey an idea of tho brilliancy and tho bistro of tho whole Kohinoor. Nothing that Don Haht has over done la his whole illustrious burnt' cork career oan compare with tho speech on tho Rules. It shows that at lost llildubtii has struck his vocation. It opens avenues of famo and fortune to him if bo will use burnt cork, take the middle chair, and re peat tho speech on tho Rules. Ho will make more money by it than ho can by “ knocking down" things round tho Connell. Aid. HiLDtißra has long been designated a blatherskite. Tho term does him injustice, lie Is an original genius. No other man In Chicago conld have modo that speech on tho Rules. It stands by-itself, uniqno, lustrous, self-creative. No sowing-maohino with lock stitch, back-stitch, double and twisted stitch with a hook in it, or any other kind of a stitch, over snarled np a thread with tho completeness that Hxldeeth has snarled up the English language in hia speech on the Rules. No oratorical toxUbooka hereafter will bo complete without It. Hoolxt should secure him immediately. ENGLAND TAUNTING RUSSIA. The London Tunas makes tho following vory remarkable comment upon tho recent conference of tbo Emperors of Russia, Aus traa, and Germany, and their Premiers, Go&TsonAXorr, Akdbabst, and Bismaeoh, at Berlin, to consider tbo Turkish question : Tbo announcement of a complete agreement bo tween tbo throo Imperial Powers Is satisfactory; but, as it appears that alt plans of positive action aro rejected, and that tbo Powers aro about to tender good adyico again to tbo Saltan and tbo in surgents, we think it to bo premature to thank tbo Chancellors for a settlement of the Eastern ques tion. This comment, which is in tho nature of a very severe and provoking taunt, is all the more remarkable when contrasted with tho attitude of England and tbo London Tunes towards Turkey and Russia twenty years ago, and shows what changes tho whirligig of time brings about. In tbo Crimean-War period tho Timet thundered violently and angrily against Russia's intentions towards Turkey, and called upon the Western Powers to ar rest the designs of the Great Boar against the Bids Man, and to maintain- tho cause of Turkey and save tho Turks. It thundered to such purpose that it dragged Franco and Northern Italy into tho contest, and arrayed thorn against Russia. Tho three Pow ers lost ono or two hundred thou sand men and millions of' dollars in their combined effort to thwart' tho designs of tbo Czar. At tho closo of tho war the Turks found themselves in strait ened clrcumstmcea, and wore forced to go into tho markets of tho world and borrow in order to moke good their war losses. They wore upon the verge of bankruptcy, when England once more stepped in to their res cue and loaned tbo Sultan five or six hundred millions of dollars, out of which she has sineo boon cheated, principal and Interest. Twenty-five years elapse, and behold tho change 1 Russia then sought the destruc tion of Turkey ond tho ejection of tho Turks from Europe. Now tho dispatches say that a tremendous pressure was brought to beer upon tho conference there in favor of Rus sian armed intervention, and immediately, against Constantinople, and this pressure, it appears, has been successfully resisted by Russia! England then rushed into a stu pendous war, costing thousands of lives and untold millions of money, to pre serve tbo autonomy of Turkey, and now taunts Russia for not sending its armies to Constantinople and driving the Turks out of Europe. For some time past tho English have pleaded and threotenod, coaxed and taunted, Russia to crush tho Turks, and have used every moans in their power, except thojiso of powder and ball, to accomplish their purpose. And all because tho Sultan has touched them in their tender, est spot—tho pocket Ho bos borrowed their money and squandered jt, and now when tho loan becomes due, tbo interest long ago having boon forfeited, bo refuses or cannot pay the principal, from tho fact that he is bankrupt He has squandered the money of bis English Mends in riotous living, and now England comes down upon him with all tbo rage of* a disappointed and hard-fisted creditor cheated oat of bis does. With such a pretext for armed interference, it is a little remarkable that England docs not step in herself ond do what she is be seeching other Powers to do. She has os much at stake os they, has the same interest in removing the grievances of tho Onooo- Christians, and has tho additional stimulant of bad Turkish debts to urge her on. The lost Blonder started against Secretary Brnsiow is as short-lived as tho others. Tho Chicago and St. Louis organs of the Whisky Ring thought they bad secured a torpedo that would at lasi blow up their adversary when they pat in circulation the falsehood that when be tendered his resignation In the army to take bis soat In the Kentucky Sen ate be gave as a reason that b& would not fight in an army with negroes. When Ur. Bbistow’s attention was colled to this charge be pronounced U a lie manufactured ont.of whole cloth. Our Washington correspond ent telegraphs as follows: Secretary Ohistow says that (he published state ment that there Is a letter in St. LouU written by him In which besets forth*that be resigned bla Colonelcy in the army because negroes were enlist* ed U uiKfuallJUillif /else, lie niver resigned at all, bat did change from one regiment to another. Further than that, bo aays that tho question wheth er negroes should bo employed In the army or not was for the Government to solve, ills duty was to obey orders, and he did so. Nno of the most deserving charities In Chi cago to 01. Luke’s Free Hospital, which to main tained and managed under the auspices of the Episcopal churches. It occupies on exclusive field, and gives help and comfort to a class of people who would otherwise suffer through no fault of their own. It gives free quarters, free medical treatment, free medicines, free care and attention to (he sick who have not the money to buy these olds to recovery, end who are still not paupers, and ought not to become a charge to the public. The hospital to supported entirely by private con tributions, and its y*gf»inp-Kg boa been conoid- ertbty Nmltod of Into by the failure of contribu tions from sources that heretofore been mainly Instrumental la supporting It. It has not been nblo to maintain more than thirty-three beds for some time past, though it has a capacity for many mom, and even on this reduced basis it has been running bchlmL This should not bo. The charity U too practical and noble to bo per mitted to run down. The management Is ad mitted to bo admirable In every respect, and a few ladles have given It a care and attention second only to their own domestic affairs. No public appeal is made for contributions, and there should bo voluntary offerings by those who feel themselves aide to assist In so good a work. Inasmuch ns the Relief and Aid Society are making no appeal to citizens this year, the some people who would contribute to that charity ought to give to Bt. Luke’s. The people of the Episcopal churches throughout the city should interest themselves especially, for the charity is particularly theirs, though no dis tinction is made ns to the religious sentiments of the patients, who have been Jews and Qcu tiles, Catholics and Protestants. Tho “Hon.” DanO'llara, who had himself interviewed In tlw Nov York Times on Chicago’s political affairs, was not very particular In his statements, which seem'to have been dictated somewhat by malice. Referring to tbo thief Von llollbn, ho spoke of his shortage as a “ discrepancy,” but bo called Gaob b “ default er.” Ho also said that Vow Hollbn's “dis crepancy ” did not exceed $40,000, when It Is known to bo SIOO,OOO, and may bo a good deal more; bnt he sold that Gaob was a defaulter for $507,000. The “Hon.” Dan neglected to say that of this there was an Item of $131,000 of Interest which Gaob was not legally obliged to pay, and that he (the “Hon.” Dan) also agreed to pay interest, and has not paid a dol lar. Hu likewise neglected to say that Gaob has repaid something like $00,000; that over SIOO,OOO were In banks which tho panic broke, for which panic Gaob was not responsible; that, deducting these Items, Oaob’b actual de falcation is not more than $300,000; and that bo has turned ovor to tho city all of his property which, bnt far tiro panic, would have been worth a groat deal more than the sum ha owed tho city. Tet O’Haba exaggerated Gage's defalcation, wliilo be underestimated Von Hot lbn’b “discrepancy " by at least SOO,OOO, though ho knows Qaob’s defalcation was occasioned by tho panic, while Von Hollbn tlirew away tbo people's money In gambling and riotous living. If tho “Hon.” Dan thinks this Is tbo way to bo elected Secretory of State, for which ho told tho Now York Times ho would bo tho Demo cratic candidate, be will probable reach the same result as when ho was Democratic candidate for State Treasurer, when Uo was short of an elec tion by 48,000 votes. ' r Already tho popularity of tho Centennial Ex hibition begins to react upon itself. Tho rush has abated. Opening-day over, the mass of tho people have gone home, and don't show any dis position to return. Tho hotel-keepers and res taurants ore growing seared, and ore,beginning to reduce their prices. This lamentable result, however, Is dearly diargeable to tiro greed nn<i rapadty of tlra Philadelphia purveyors. An im portant item in tho expense account of a visitor Is his eating, especially of that doss of visitors who cannot afford to stop at hotels, and they comprise tho large majority. How for extortion Is practiced In the Centennial restaurants is shown by tho following charges which were mode ogalust a gentleman for his dinner One half-pint St Jullon. Corkage... 'Roast oeof Asparagus Mashed pots toes. Salad Glace Service Total. In any restaurant in Chicago $1.25 would bo considered a large price for such a dinner os tbo above. The Philadelphia pride is simply a swin dle of tbo worst description, and tho Centennial managers, If they would avert a disastrous fail ure, will have to choke oft their cormorants In some manner. If other things arc proportion ately extortionate, a visitor can hardly stay In Philadelphia at less than S2O per day. It 1b a well-known fact that Europe swarms with American singers and musical students, delving away Industriously with the hope that they may blossom out at no distant day as prima donnas. It Is not generally known, how* ever, that there Is a proportionate number of future American lUriusta and Wicubl An gelos In Europe, chiseling and painting In the studios and copying in tbo galleries. In Paris alone there are 800 Americans among the pointers and. sculptors, some of them giving great promise. A discouraging feature connected with the efforts of most of them, however, Is tbo fact that they are only imitators. The well-informed correspondent of the Boston Saturday Evening Gazette says: “Of course, the far greater part are students, and give little promise beyond that of mechani cally Imitating the peculiarities of some French painter; and the lower the merit, the more marked the mannerism generally. So tbo most of theso inchoate Miguel Angelos And the shortest road, as they conceive It to be, Is to paint In what Is somewhat vaguely called tbo 'French School,* rather than to become on artist In any sense of creative power.’* There Is a great deal of truth in these remarks. How much of truth has been frequently shown In the experiences of soma of our own homo artists. It is sad to note that after Fit;:noon, the Democratic doorkeeper of tho House, bus got everything nicely Axed, he Is not to have his nice time after all. Thu boy will not take his bat and coat any longer. Ho has had Ids last ride beldnd tho spanking turn-out Hu will no longer frolic with Uui members and Senators. He has lost his place, and Fir is no longer de lighted. He, the observed of oil observers, who Invited bis friends lu Texas to come and see him on his high estate, has at lust fallen, and Is no longer a "bigger man than old G/umt.*' It to sad to tblnk that perhaps tho friend lu Texas to already on his way to 'Washington to take a look at Fitziiugh’s splendor, and will And him crestfallen, and with all tlie conceit taken out of him. Only a few weeks ago 3,000 men, women, and children were “puling and lurking" Fitz huou about to get an ap]Hilntment, and now Fitzuuou is “Jurked" out of his place and 3,000 reformers are looking for it If such trilling peccadilloes as arson, perjury, assaults, stealing bed-quilts, dte., etc., oru to cost a Democratic reformer his place, who to aafo la Washington! Mr. Jacob Rbdm testified to many things which astonished thoso who beard him liTre gard to tho oUlclals who took bribes and con* Dived at robbing the Government. But la the whole “dean-breast M narration nothing ere* ated so much amazement as hla statement that ho was first seduced by Mr. A. C. llbsino, so fur as stealing revenue was concerned. Up to tlds time the almost universal belief was that it was Uau* who seduced llbsino from the path of rectitude, but according to the sworn allega tion of Mr. Usuu he was pure aa snow and chaste os lee until Anton CMisab llbsino tempted him and overcame bis natural Inherent honesty. Mr. llbsino has nut yet testified, and it might be well to wait until he confirms Ids victim's assertion. One wonders why Uncle Biu/rMcKss does not sell the (f D newspaper that be owns. As the cose stands, Its force as a mural orrau Is some what discounted.— Cincinnati Cofiun*rciat. The Qlobt-lkmocral ought to change Us name so as to prevent people foiling Into errors of comprehension os to what Is really meant when. It Is referred to, as In tbo above chso. Tbe Illinois Centennial Commissioners hare put on the Centennial grounds at Philadelphia, at s cost of $3,000, a convenient and attractive frame house, which will bo used as a headquar ters for Illinois visitors to tho Exposition. Furniture and carpets have been provided by tbe wholesale merchants of Chicago, and the arrangements throughout arc such that tho 1111- nds headquarters cannot fall to be a pleasant resort for persona from this part of the coun try. Letters addressed In core of the “DUoofe Headquarters, Centennial Grounds, Philadel phia,' 1 will reach the persons for whom they arc Intended, If they have previously been tnstroot cd to call for them. If we cannot see the rallk-flend punished d this country, It is pleasant to see him punished In others. For Instance, the consumer of chalk and water will bo delighted to know thatat the Manchester County Police Court, on the 2d of May, the contractor for the supply of milk to the Wlttlngton Work-House, Charlton Union, was fined SIOO and costs for dcllvcriog.adultcra ted milk to that establishment. WhUa PmuOLAT will bless his stars that be is not on English poor-house contractor, the Wlttlngton paupers may bless their stars that they ore not provided for at tho expense of Cook County, subject to tho tender mercies of Cook' County contractors. PERSONAL, Lord Houghton is reviewing Trevelyan's Macau* lay Id the London Academy. It Is a recognised fact In Brooklyn that Friday U always a light night at tho theatres. It Is prayer, mooting night Tho French Academy is to meet on the 4th o| Judo for tlurroception of M. Dumas, who succeeds tbo late M. Guliot j The Toledo newspapers are far from being en tbnslastlc over Mr. McVicker's Company, which has been supporting Ur. Booth In that city. Mr. Forster, M. P., took occasion recently tq express his sympathy with the movement of cerUl* English farm-laborers In favor of compulsory edu cation. Prof. Horawltz, of Vienna, who Is engaged on s life of Erasmus, has requested all persons having unpublished Information concerning the subject la favor him with It, or inform him of tbo /set In the forthcoming Installment of George Bitot's new novel, Orandcoort marries Gwendolen, the latter meets Daniel Dcronda, the two arc mutually attracted, and tbo clouds begin to gather for tho coming storm. At last a way has been discovered to choke off the blatherskite Hildreth. If In the future his re marks bo reported verbatim, os they were yester day, oven bo cannot fail to soc that his supposed eloquence is merely a mam of ungrammatlcatnoo sense. It is rumored In Toledo that the pretence of Theodore Tilton In that city bad something to do with a negotiation on. hie part for a situation on one of tho metropolitan’* evening dailies. We ore at a loss to determine what the word 1 * metro* polltan*' In this connection may mean. Tlio Interesting political contest In Ohio between ox*Oov. Allen and bis nephew, Senator Thurman, promises to bo decided In favor of tho latter. It la said that fourteen out of twenty Congressional Sis* trlcts have Instructed delegates to tho Stato Con* vcntlon to vote for Thurman os Presidential candi date. Tho Paris Soir of the 3d Inst.,. in commenting upon tbo refusal of tbo Prince of Woles to attend & ball-fight at Madrid, facetiously suggests that |t»h> singular scruple mast owe Its origin to the pro found respect in which Englishmen hold thabovloe race, parents of succulent toasthocte (sic) and sa vory rumstcaks («(c>. Until tho late visit of tho Prince of Wales to Spain, no King of that country bod ever, In the annals of history, been known to break through precedent and dine in Madrid with a subject or at a foreign Embassy or Legation. To bis honor bo It said. King Alfonso XII., with the consent of bis Ministers, broke through this fetter of many hun dred years. The Sultan of Turkey was lately met at his pal ace gate by a crowd of fifty petitioners, who hum bly kneeled In tho dust, lie learned that they wore bis cooks, and that they bad not been paid for tblrty-throa months. Thereupon bo fell into a terrible passion, and dismissed his Minister of Fi nance In disgrace, and ordered tho cooks to he paid—absolutely nothing. W. □. Barnum, who has been elected United States Senator by the Democrats of Connecticut, Is a brother of the showman, and a wealthy iron miner and railroad man. *Ho has been bo con spicuous for absence from bis place hi tbo Lower Bouse of Congress that he is tbo only veteran mem ber on tho Democratic side who has not the Chair manship of a committee. .$ BO .$4.01 [ Mr. James Gordon Bennett baa ■Mponded’tlia publication 'of bla New York Sunday Morning Tilt ■ grant, which was started for tbo purpose of bead* Ing off the Sunday Swu Instead of hurting tbo Sun, as ho bod anticipated, Mr. Dennett cot Into tbo circulation of bio own paper, the H*rald. Tbo TeUgram was sold for 8 cents. It had an existence of about eight weeks. Mr. Dona now claims for tbo Sunday edition of tbo Sun a circulation of 02,000 copies. 1 Tbo general apprehension that Mr. Everts* Ceo* tcnnlal oration wIL*. bo Inordinately long baa been In some measure adlayed by the assurance of Mr. Dana that tbo orator aforesaid boa boon known to bo brief. On ttr.o occasions referred to, It to Inti* mated, Mr. Evarts was placed “where his coat* tail coaid bo pulled with desired effect. ” Mr. Smith, of tfarj Cincinnati Gazette, thoughtfully nominates Mr. Dana for the position of “Coat* toll Puller to'the Centennial Orator. ” A poor trantpwbo obtained a supply of food froa Prof. Perklrvj’ little 'daughter, in lowa City, and afterwards obtained employment In tbo neighbor* hood, held *tbo act of kindness In grateful remem* branco wlum, a few days later, tbo child wol drowned. Ho watched tbo rlrcr Incessantly foi days. Plnidly ho found tho body lodged la a tree* top. Ho carried It 3-miles to a boose, a&4 then went amt carried the nows to lowa City. Some good.'may come out of tramps, after all. Reflections of “Gath” at tbo grave of Jamct Duchanazv: *' I stood at this respected magistrate'* grave—oral I think to standby a man’s grave is s good woff of grasping his Ilfo charitably, feeling onoH) own destiny also to be there, and hungering to bo well thought of—and I trlod to touch him some* where, or to bo touched by something bo had dose, and not ono note or mote in nature gave me any u* slatunco. A pretty widow went by In crape, and that sot mo to thinking bow lonely the old fcllo* had been, ” . ' Miss Anna Dickinson's engagement at the Bostoa Globe Theatre continue* throughout this week. Slio informed a correspondent of one of ths Ke« York papers, Sunday, Uiat >bo was by no meant prepared to admit that sbo had foiled. ThocriU* cUmof tbo Now York Tima on her first appear* once she characterizes truthfully oa brutal, oof that of the'Ni'W York Tribune as malevolent. Tbl critics certainly might have spoken decidedly of Miss Dickinson’s failure without showing personal 111-will towards boraelf. lima Do Mureka’a marriage to Alfred Andewon, la New Zealand, waa one of mere romantic aflao* tlon on tbo part of the lady, and of cool calcula* tlon on the other aide, fho baaboml waa broket down In health, and the wife waa anxious to d< everything to humor and plcaae him. 13y skillfull] working upon her affeettooa be managed tdobtala a largo portion of her property. After hts death It wan discovered that ho had willed bla wife’s property to Ula otvn mother. Do Sluraka has glvca notice of application for letters of administration and Anderson's family aro likely to compromise U order to prevent an exposure through legal pro* cecdlngs. It Is remarked of the female clerks in the Wash* Jngton Departments that they might set up an nrlatocracy of their own, If they cbooae. Widows <or daughters of army aod navy officers of the high* mat rank; daughters and granddaughters of formal 'anembors of the Cabinet, Senators, Supreme-Court Justices, and Presidents, gre to be found among ; tbum. The granddaughter of Thomas Joffer aon boa o clerkship. The daughter of Aa* •drew Jackson Donaldson (adopted son of Andrew Jackson) was born In the White Uoase and edu« Scaled in Berlin, and* la now a clerk In the Post* Office Department. The daughter of Chlef-Justlcs Tsuoy la, or wae, a clerk In some Qoveninicnl "Bureau, and so waa tbo daughter of Hebert J. Walker, formerly Secretary of the Treasury. Ur. Uenry Bergb has again Illoatrated the call with which a good and earnest man may do a fool* Isb thing. lie Is exhibiting st the Philadelphia Expositions collection of “specimen trophies acqnlrdd by the Society for the Prevention ol Cruelty to Animals. Included iu this lot, if w« .may believe the New York World, are a dpg'i head, neck, and body, “badly chewed and cut"| tba “skulls of two hnll*dogs captured lighting lo I pit”; a horse'* tongue wilfully cut out with I piece of wblp-ccrd; aod gravel taken from th« stomach* of animals which fed on ground-feed adulterated with piaster of Pari*. Whether the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Anlmall supposes that this exhibition will tend to the amel* loratloo of the cruel habits of the human race, ot that It will redound to tba credit of the Society) Vt do not know; in either case. It is aafetouytM Society boa shown want of good Ual* and I®* sense. 1

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