Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 18, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 18, 1876 Page 4
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4 I i TERMS 07 THE TRIBUNE. (mans or sunsontnio# (pataelb i# advance) * Pottage Prepaid at tUi.Ofllea Bad/Edition, roetpold. lyaar .*IB.OO Faria of year at none rate. Mailed to any addren four weeka for. - i.oo biinday EdlUoni Literary and Religlout Double Sheet.. a. no Tri«Weekly, poeiptld. lyear... «,&o Faria of year at tamo rate. WSBRLT EDITION. POSTPAID. Qn«eopr. p«r year gaj*fey»ai tv jinSor ttfenlfi i!Ti The portage Is ts cents * year, whlcli we will prepay. Spedmeo ooplca eeat free. To prevent delay and mistake*, be sure arid give Post- Office address in full. Including Slate and County. nemiltaaoee may be made cither by draft, express, fort-Office order, or la regtstored letters, at our risk. TKRU9 TO cmr SUBSCRIBERS. Daily, delivered, Sunday excepted, as ccnU per week. Pally, delivered, Sunday included, so cent# per week' Addreaa THE TRIDUKE COMPANY, Comer Madison and Dearborn*»U., Chicago, 111. AMUSEMENTS. Nexr Chicago Tlientre* Clark street, between Randolph and Lake. Booley'i ttlsairali. Ilootey’a Theatre. Randolph street, between Clark and LaSalle. En gagement of Fifth Avenue Company. * • Pique." McTlcker , (! Tlientre. Madtaoß street, between State and Dearborn. En gagement of the Maggie Mitchell Troupe. "Lorlc.or us Artist's Dream." Adelpbl Theatre. Dearborn street, corner Monroe. Variety entertain* *ent. “The Walfa of New York." Wood’s niimeww** Monroe street, between Dearborn and State. After* toon, "ThelnvisiblePrtnco." Evening, "OaD&nd." Blue Ball Park. Twenty-third street, comer Dearborn. Champion* Ship game between the Bt. Louis and Chicago Clubs. THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1870. Greenbacks at the New York Gold Ex change yesterday closed at 88: The lowa Democracy want tiro Rcsnmp- Hon act repealed} and the reason why they want it repealed is beoanso it was passed by Qie Republican party. Rut it doesn’t make each difference what the lowa Democracy want; they aro n very inconsiderable ele ment in the political composition of that State. Friends of Blaine wore in tho majority at the Now Jersey Convention yesterday, but Iho delegates wero not instructed as to any Individual. Tho resolution on tho subject of candidates and measures by no means limits tho support of the delegation to Blaine. Bnisrow fills tho bill, and moro, too, and is lot unlikely to bo a strong second choice. Tho sentence pronounced by the United States Court at St. Louis against William UoKek and Con Maouiue was yesterday car ried into effect, both being incarcerated in {bo County Jail. All efforts to obtain por tion or commutation of tbo sentence wero unavailing, tho President remaining firm to ttio last in his refusal to interfere. Tho Republican State Convention of Ala* bama adjourned yesterday after nominating a strong State ticket, with the Hon. Thomas M. Pexeus at tho head of It for Governor. No instructions wore given to the delegates to the Cincinnati Convention, but tbo dole* gallon is understood to bo for Secretory Bmsxow for President. It is believed that he could cany tho State, os ho would secure l largo white vote. Yesterday was a groat day for political Conventions, no less than eight being hold In different parts of tho United States. Tho Republicans of Alabama, Now Jersey, Ken tucky, and Tennessee, and tho Democrats of lowa and Ohio hold State Conventions, and tho Prohibitionists and Inflationists indulged in Notional Conventions ot Cleve land and Indianapolis respectively. In tho Republican Conventions, so for as the prefer ences havo been made known, Bmsxow seems to have secured a majority of the delegates. UosTONond Blaine faring about equally. Among the Democrats Tildes gets lowa and Bill Allen captures the Softs in Ohio. A marvel in legislation has been accom plished by the Hoaso in the passage of the Post-Office Appropriation bill. It increases tho rate of cost for a large class of postal service 10 per cent, but reduces the aggre gate appropriation 67 per cent; forbids the discontinuance of any moil route, but makes It a penal offense for tho Postmaster to cx teod tho sum appropriated. By a singular kvorsight the sapient Democrats neglected to tnact that service must be contracted for at present rates, but paid for on the basis of the redaction of 07 per cent, and impose tho death penalty for non-conformity. As the MU passed, it is a legislative absurdity which Ihe Senate wiU havo to overhaul and put into Intelligent and practicable shape. It is now regarded os certain that the Senate wiU decide that it has jurisdiction in Iho Belxnap Impeachment case, the principal ground of this decision being that a resigna tion cannot bo operative when made on the some day that impeachment articles are found. The question wiU probably bo de rided Saturday, and tho trial will ensue forthwith. It does not foUow, however, that the Senate wiU convict Belknap, who must be found guilty by a two-thirds vote, whUe a majority vote is sufficient to decide the question of jurisdiction. It is quite pos siblo that, though tho proof of guilt should bo absolute, twenty-five Senators, having scruples as to jurisdiction, may vole against Impeachment and thus prevent a conviction. This is a chance for escape which Belknap doubtless contemplates with profound satis faction. Tho nearest glimpse of the Presidency that *ill orer bo vouchsafed Mr. Pendleton was obtained yesterday when ho was chosen Chairman of tho Ohio Democratic Convon tion. Ho was coldly received, it is said, owing to ugly reminiscences of the Kentucky railroad claim. Tho inflationists carried tho day, the Convention rejecting the majority report of tho Committee on Itosointions, which was a rather weak decoction of bullion bitters prepared by tho Tuoniun men for this particular occasion. Weak as it was, tho Con. vontlon would have none of it, but adopted the minority report embodying tho rog monoy sentiments of Old Bum Allen, There was believed to have been a pro ponderaneo of the Tmmitin faction, but bad management and lack of organization lost them the victory and secured it for the ultra inflationists. It is predicted that tho work of the Contention will prove the means of rtill more widely separating tho two wings af the Ohio Democracy on the currency location. __ Tt* Chicago produce markets were gen* mil/ rather weak yesterday, with moderate activity, but not much doing for shipment. Mms pork was ITJ®3So per brl lower, closing U $20.6603.67} for June and $20:43^020.76 ft nr July. Lord declined lG@2oo per 100 lbs, closing at $12.25 for Jane and $12.87} for July, ileats were qnlot and cosier, at 7jo for boxed shoulders, lOjo for do short ribs, and ll}o for do short clears. Lake freights wore doll, at 2}o for wheat to Buffalo. Kail freights wore doll and unchanged. High* wines were steady, at $1.07} per gallon. Floor was in moderate demand and firm. Wheat closed Ijo lower, at $1.0*3 cash and $1.04} for Juno. Corn dosed Jo lower, at 47}0 cash and 4fiJo for June. Oats dosed easier, at 80jo cash and liOgo for Jane. Rye was quiet at Cso. Barley dosed lo higher, at 700 for May and G7@uße for Juno. Hogs were fairly active, but were weak, at 6@loo decline, with sales chiefly at $7.00@7.1C. Cattle wore dull and 10(g>lCo lower. Sheep were in demaud at Tuesday's prices. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $113.50 in greenbacks at the close. .......fI.SO ...... i.ao A fresh slander, circulated by the Cincin nati Timet, is permitted a brief existence, and then goes to meet its pany predecessors. This time it that Secretary Bristow was President of the Texas Pacific Construction Company np to a short time before ho was placed at the head of the Treasury Depart ment ; that ho was a largo holder of Texas- Pacific bonds, and induced many of his friends in Kentucky to purchase bonds under the assurance that Congress would grant a large subsidy; and that ho sold his bonds at a profit, but left his friends in the larch, and they lost heavily. The intense affection and admiration entertained by the people of Kentucky for Mr. Bristow, almost regardless of party, would bo regard ed as a sufficient refutation of this silly ca nard ; hut the facts clinch the matter beyond a perndventuro. Mr. Bristow’s connection with the Construction Company ceased n year before ho wont into the Treasury; his in vestment in bonds amounted to exactly $12,- 000, and ho paid for them in cosh; he so licited no investments among his friends, took no part in the effort to procure a subsi dy, and some months previous to accepting the Treasury portfolio ho sold all those for 15 cents on the dollar. Bond stories are well onongh when they can bo given a color of truth, but in this case that essential charac teristic is ridiculously lacking. THE CINCINNATI NOiUNEB Toe Chicago Taisune is under on oblige- tion to many “ machine ” papers in various parts of tbo country for tho Involuntary compliment on their part contained in rabid denunciations of two statements recently made in this paper. Wo therefore repeat tho statements: 1. Tho Democratic party is reasonably cer tain of tho electoral votes of all the late slavoholding States, excepting South Cor olina; that in addition to these votos tho votes of California, Oregon, Connecticut, Now Jersey, and Now York will give the Democratic candidate moro than enough to elect him; that whatever circumstances will load to a Democratic majority in Now York will naturally lead to tho samo result in tho other four States named ; that under this condition of things tho State of Now York becomes a matter of primo necessity in tbo election of a Democratic candidate, mak ing that State one of the greet battle-fields of tho election of 1876. 2. That tho Democratic Convention will moot after tho Republican candidate nfraii bo nominated; that tho Democratic Conven tion will bo governed in their choice mainly by tho consideration of success, and, know ing full well that Txlden can cany any other State that any Democrat con carry, they also know that ho alone of all tho Democrats can promise wiUi some dogroo of certainty to cany the State of New York. Therefore, on tho presumption that tho Democratic party will act with ordinory common intelligence, and nominate to win, it is fair to assume, and tho whole Democratic sentiment is drifting that way, tho Convention will nominate Tilden. Thb Thidune has ventured to point out to tho reckless and inconsiderate Republicans who think that anybody nominated at Cin cinnati must be elected, and that a nomina tion is equivalent to on election, that tho nomination of Tildjjn by the Democratic Convention will depend for its success upon tho foot whether tho man nominated at Cin cinnati is one who will bo able not only to cany Now York against Tildkn in Novem ber, but who will bo able to carry Ohio in October next. Last fall, at tho most severe ly contested election over hold in Ohio, Gov. Hates, who is personally popular, only suc ceeded by a majority of loss than 1 per cent on tho whole vote; and hod not tho Cincinna ti Commercial and other independent papers of that State given their support, or hod Mr. Soxiunz not gono to Ohio and so aroused and animated tho German independent voters to the danger which threatened tho country, it is very certain tho State would have given a largo Democratic majority. While Ohio has been a Republican State, It is not one that con bo handled by machine politicians. One-third of tho voters are independent of party; they are opposed to machine politics; ondif they havo a choice will not voto for a President who repre sents machine politics, or who has boon part of the corrupt system which has mode our Civil Service a notional abomination. Ohio, while it may be spared by tho Democrats, is doubly esscnUol to the Republicans. . Ohio will voto for reform,—a Republican Reform, or if possible; if not, then it will vote for tho next best Reformer that is offered. Ohio, moreover, has a preliminary election in October next, and, while a Republican victory ot that election will add largely to the chances of carrying New York in Novem her, a Republican defeat in Ohio in October will render defeat in Now York almost cor tain, and turn the scale in all tho close States against the Republicans. Ohio, therefore, is, as well os Now York, to be a great bottle! field, and tho Republican party cannot afford to nominate at Cincinnati any candidate who is not certain beyond all reasonable doubt to carry New York end Ohio. No sane or well informed Republican in Ohio will sny that any one of the machine politicians who are pressed for the Cincinnati nomination can hope to carry that State in October. Esti mates based on supposed possible Democrat ic divisions are not worthy of consideration. Once hold out tho prospect of tho eloctlonof a Democratic President, and tho Democratic party will know no dissension, Tho country demands Reform, and If tho Republican par ty will not give assurance that it means Re form by tho nomination of a man who has the record of a Reformer for Reform's sake, then the country, through tho independent voters, wiU take SamTilden, Democrat as bo Is, and in the States of Now York, Ohio, In diana, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Wiucon sin (all of which, except, perhaps, Conneotl out, may bo mado secure for tho Republic ans) the Democratic party may not find it so difficult to get tho flfty-fire Northern votes which will be sufficient to elect their man. The RYoWIoM' PVttll wpm ,nt rmii cmcAda rriibpwE: taursday; 1 may is. ibtp. machine politldans resent with bitterness our suggestion that Tilde# will bo the Demo* orntlo candidate. They object lo Tilde# be cause they know he will defeat any machine politician nominated at Glndnnati, and they denounce Tub Tninums because it says the Democracy will nominate the man most like ly to win. They are angry at having the truth told, as it interferes with mochino do signs. They fool it in their bones that the only man on tho Republican side who is morally certain to boat Tilde# is tho man who has little affiliation with the machine or itsrunnors. They arc trying to persuade them selves that Tilde# will not bo nominated, bat that some weak man will bo put up to bo knocked down by any mochino candidate. Bat this is imitating tho - wisdom of tho ostrich, which sticks its head in tho sand and refuses to see the danger. Tho truth, however, remains unchanged, and the facts are as patent whether those machine organs like them or not Biustow can heat Tilde#, and the maohino runners know It A SUPREME COURT'S BEDDING AND WASH-BILL. The records of the Supremo Court of Indi ana furnish tho latest illustration of the Democratic corruption that survived tho Democratic rebellion, and which is about oil thot tho destruction of slavery loft of the party that was hold together by tho cohesive poworof spoils. Tho four Democratic Judges of that Court woro elected in 1870. They are Worden, Pettit, Downet, and Bdskirk, tho same who ore now tho Democratic candi dates for reflection. Tho office to which they woro elected was popularly supposed to bo one in which tho practice of tho spoils system was impossible; no foes or perquisites attached to it, tho compensation of the Jadgos being limited to a fixed salaiy. But true to their party instincts, training, and associations, these Democratic Jadgos invented a method of manufacturing and captaring spoils, which they proceeded to do. It seems they had authority to draw npon the State Treasury for incidental expenses of tho court, —Janitor hire, repairs of furniture, stationery, etc. i They did so, and an exam ination of tho vouchors on file and approved by them discloses a system of small thievery by these Democratic Judges of tho highest tribunal of tho State that is without a paral lel in tho history of judicial infamies. From these vouchors, now on file in tho State Audit or’s office, it appears that Justice Bdbkuik purchased of on Indianapolis furniture firm two hair pillows, two hair bolsters, 10$ yards of shooting, 11 • yards of muslin for bed-clothes, a spring, mat tress, a cotton pillow, a pair of sheets, four bolster-slips, a pair of blankets, and a bed-spread, which were charged to the Su premo Court, and paid for out of tho State Treasury upon vouchers approved by his fel low-Judgos. i In like manner, tho Judges of the Supreme Court provided themselves, os appears by the vouchors, at various times with 8} yards of oil-cloth, 6J yards of oil cloth, 7j| yards oil-cloth, 10$ yards oil-cloth, 6 yards oil-cloth, ,0$ yords oil-cloth, 10 yards oil-cloth, and 8 yards oil cloth, 27 yards of carpeting, 65 yards carpeting, 02$ yards carpeting, 65 yards again, 70 yards matting, a mosquito bar, 3 walnut bedsteads and spring beds, be sides several mattresses, 3 marble-top bn reaus, aid the like. As a cariosity in its way, a literal copy of one of those vouchors, now on file, is oppondod: (Voucher 703.1 (Allowed Peb, 0, 1873—John PrmT, O. J.l Supreme Court of Indiana bought of Srxioxi, Tuomb & Co.: Doc. 31.1872, repairing mattma 8 0.00 Jon. 7, 1873, one walnut bedstead..,.. 10.00 Jan. 7, 1873, one spring bottom 0.00 Jan. 7, 1873, one wardrobe 00 00 Jan. 7, 1873, oneburenn 20.00 Jan. 7, 1873, one upholstered jounce 30. 00 Jan. 7,1873, one stand 2. GO Jan. 7, 1873, one library chair fliao Jan. 7, 1873, onelorcenrmrocker B.GO Jan. ~1873, one rollingolllco-chalr 10,00 Jan. ID, 1873, one walnut bedstead 0.00 Jan. 10, 1873, one Bprlng-bod bottom 0.00 Jan. 10, 1873, one bureau wonbatand 8.00 Jan. 22, 1873, one ofUce-tablo 20 00 In the same pickpocket stylo no less than $949.80 worth of stoves, $1,257.98 worth of fuel, $350.12 worth of plumbing, and $260 worth of ice, besides chamber-sets, wash bowls, etc., wore charged to tho State, and, on order of those Democratic Judges and Democratic nominees for ro-o!ooUon, paid for out of the State Troosury; and tho whole incidental expenses (stealings) of tho Court, exclusive of tho pay of tho Clerk, by them thus piled up during their term amount ed to $63,811.12, in addition to tho Judges' salaries.« They did not stop at theft of bed ding, stoves, fuel, and furniture, but to com ploto their infamy actually hod their own and their families' fool linen washed at the State's expense, and paid for oat of the State Tveosuiy, as is evidenced by a regular series of vouchers, of one of which tho following is a copy; titato of Indiana la account Anna Gastello— For washing 24 dosatt and 10 pieces 524.75 For acrvlcoa as jsoltrcds Supreme Court 26.00 Total 75 Allowed by Court this 27tb day of January, 1874. A. C. Downkt, C. J. And the vouchers on file show that tho Judges' wash-bills daring their term of $2,369.13 wore, on their order, paid out of tho State Treasury. , Tho wholo needs no comment. These vouchors of themselves advertise tho potty thiovery of tho Judges elected by tho Indiana Democracy to preside over tho highest tri bunal in tho State. To that thievery the Democratic party managers havo made them selves accessory after the foot by renominat ing the thieves after their crime was dis closed for tho same high office ; and it allia of a piece with tho Domo<yooy of Flotd, Thompson, and Tweed, which Is also the Democracy of to-day. RAVY-YARD REFORM NEEDED. Wo are inclined to give unstinted approval to tho report on the navy-yards which has been submitted to Congress by Mr. Willis, Chairman of the Bub-Committeo intrusted with the examination of tho subject. Wo believe It ought to bo odopted and legislation framed to carry out its recommendations. There is not a reasonable doubt that large amounts of money havo been squandered on the American navy-yards for which tho pub lic service has received no adequate return, and that they havo been frequently employed os political machines. In both respects tho navy-yards have been corrupters of the pub lic service,—iu tho one case spreading tho contagion for fleecing tho Government in contracts, and in tho other encouraging par tisan resort to unfair and disreputable meas ures for success. Tho system under which they have been manogod has afforded a con slant opportunity for Congressional manipu lation of appointments and the awarding of contracts. It is a notorious footthatiu certain of heso navy-yards thousands of men havo been employed at various times at tho ex pense of the Government, for whoso services there was no legitimate demand, and who have merely been used to assist tho political preferment of Congressional or local candi- Then is ha doubt that the navy yards, and the various ramiflcationa of tho naval service of which they arc the centre, hare famished opportunities for the rioloan practice of political asseaainentfl. Commo dore Pants and other naval officers have testified before tho Committee that contracts and orders were approved in Washington for which there was no necessity and in direct opposition to tho judgment of the officers in charge. The very existence of so many of those navy-yards has furnished a provocation for occasional extraordinary expenditures up* on tho slightest pretext, such as Secretory Hodgson boa made twice apon rumors of possible complications with Spain. Tho only remedy for all those abuses is some complete and radical reform such os Mr. Willis’ Committee have recommended. It is proposed in tho first place to close all tho navy-yords except those at Brooklyn, Nor folk, and Maro Island at once, and eventual ly also thot at Norfolk. This would give ono largo navy-yard on tho Atlantic coast and another on the Pacific coast, which would bo ample for all tho necessities and conveniences of the American novy during a profound peace with all tho world. Tho only legitimate use of navy-yords, so long as this condition losts,Ms for tho repair of ves eels and machinery, and these two yards are so located as to furnish easy access to vessels on either side tho continent, t- As to tho other navy-yords, it is proposed that Norfolk (Va.), Klttcry (Mo.), ond Pensacola (Fla.) shall bo retained and guarded at small expense, so that operations may bo resumed there immediately. whenever tho neces sity f arises. £ This *is tho moro proper sinco the location of theso yards is such that they would bring tho Government but a comparatively small sum if sold. • It is difficult, however, with tho yards located at Washington and Charlestown, Mass. These yards aro now centrally located in the two cities, and tho property has become so vnlu oblo that their solo would yield a handsome sum of money; nor is their location so desirable from a naval point of view that their abandonment would over cripple tho service. It is recommended, and wo bolievo properly, thot no further appropriations bo mode for League Island (tho Philadelphia) navy-yard. Tho Government might go oven further and assure the complete abandon ment of this yard by disposing of it alto gothor. It seems hard to loso all tho money that has been expended there ; but this is a matter of past mismanagement which cannot now bo helped, and it is better to stand tho present loss than to send millions upon millions of dollars af ter it. Mr. Willis’ estimate that it will require $00,000,000 more to put Loogue Island in working condition is probably not exaggerated, since n very largo port of that sum will bo necccasary to dig out tho Delo waro River so that the largest vessels can bo taken there. If these recommendations be carried out, there will bo two largo navy-yards, whore all tho necessary work can bo concentrated at a groat saving. An additional saving may also bo mado by abolishing tho bureau system and making tho commanding officer at each responsible for tho management and ex penditures, This change wouldho tho surest remedy for tho abuses that have crept Into tho lotting of navy contracts, tho purchase of supplies, tho employment of men, tho hours of labor, tho number of clerks, etc., oto. There will then bo a direct and personal accountability for tho management of each yard, and it will be within tho power of tho Secretary of tho Navy or Congress at any Umo to ascertain tho cost of maintaining tho yards or doing any special picco of work 5 and it will bo practicable and easy to enforce any reform or retrenchment which shall be demanded, for tho officer in charge will al ways feel tho responsibility and cannot shift it off on any bureaus. Legislation to accom plish all this should bo promptly provided, and wo know of no branch of tho public ser vice whore legislation can save so much pub lic money now or for tho future. STRENGTH OP THE CHRISTIAN REVOLU- TION IN TURKEY. In computing tho probabilities of tho suc cess of tho Christian insurgents in tho strag gle with their Mohammedan oppressors there bos always boon one clement of diffi culty in ascertaining their real military streugth, so that it has been impossible to determine whether they could maintain a war with Turkey upon their own means of ag gression or defense, or whether their only hope of success would depend upon foreign intervention. Some light, however, has now been thrown upon tho subject by Herr Voh Wiokede, an eminent Gorman military au thority, who has been a close observer of all the wars of tho past twonty-flve years, and who was the famous correspondent of tho Kolnuehe Zeitung during tho Franco-Gor mon war.** Having recently completed a mil itary review of Turkey for tho AUgemnno Zeilung, ho has now, • for tho same paper, made a review iof tho offensive and de fensive capabilities of Roumania, Sorvia, and Montenegro, from tho aggregate of which ho arrives at the general conclusion that thoso powers, even if left to themselves, would be very likely to got tho better of tho Turks. Some of tho details of, his observations will prove of very general interest i In point of military power ho places Iloamania between Sorvia and Montenegro, ft Tho Roumanians excel tho Serbs in numbers, but in physique, courage, and discipline, tho Serbs are supo perior to tho Roumanians, d lie claims (bat the Roumanian governing dosses are among tho least worthy specimens of on aristocracy in tho world.* Ho also remarks: I “Especial, ly In tho npper ranks in Roumonla there reigns generally—of course with numerous exceptions—such corruption, effeminacy, and immorality thot it is olmost impossible for them to produce efficient officers. Those young Boyars havo usually devoted them selves to all tho excesses of tho modem civil ization of tho West, and often outstrip their Parisian models.* 1 ■ The army • numbers on tho war footing 45,000 regular troops and 8,000 homes, with 124 guns, together with a species of active reserve of militia number ing some 23,000 men. Besides thoso there is tho National Guard, corresponding to tho German Lnndwchr, which embraces tho re maining manhood of tho country. In Bor via and Montenegro tho people are martial and warlike by nature, and have been thoroughly trained and organized for war. Montenegro, having only a population of 120,000, con place 23,000 men under onus. Of Us little army bo says: Tho Montenegrins comnino with their military organization thu older organization by clans and families so natural Inallttlo uatrlurcbal Statu of mountaineers settled from tlmo Immemorial in tho same vulluys. Tho eutlru territory Is divided Into eight Nahles or districts, each under a Serdo or Governor, and U Inhabited by thlrty-elght clans, who are, again, subdivided Into families, intensely proud of their pedigrees. Tho army consists of thirty battalions, of eight to twclvo companies each, according to tho number of families of which it Is couijKjsed, each company Including tho men of a single family, and tho mutual affection aud emulation of kinsmen are thus enlisted la the di rectest way la (bo defense nt the beloved native land. Tho artillery of Montenegro conataU of twenty-eight mmtntain gun*, and the roqnMto military Instruction la provided for tho Montene grin officer* at 8L Petersburg, where a certain number of liie noblest youth* are always under training. Servla, with » population of 1,500,000, i* almost a* completely organized. Herr Wiohedr classes tho Servians os among tho finest soldiers In the world, who have always displayed first-class military qualities, both in tho Servian ond Austrian services. The regular army is small, but tho First Bon of tho National Guard alouo in eludes 14,000 troops of tholino,4,ooocovnlry, and forty-throo batteries of artillery, num bering 2fiß guns and C,OOO artillerymen, all of whom are thoroughly good troops. Tho National Guards of the Second Ban, who ore little inferior to tho first, includes 40,000 men ond eighteen batteries of artillery, thus showing that Sorvia alone con place over 80,000 effective troops in tho field, in view of which Herr Wiokkdb thinks that “ Un less Austria, ceding to Magyar pressure, should hamper tho Servian attack, it may bo doubted whether any further forco would bo required to settle tho larger part of tho East orn question.” Tho difference between tho right man In tho right place ond tho wrong man in tho wrong place has not been moro aptly Ulus trated of late than in tho revision of tho War Department estimates for tho next fis cal year which has boon made by Secretary Taft. 110 expresses himself as willing to ran that Deportment next year for $5,007,005 less than Mr. Belknap wanted for tho same purpose. Tho difference is that Belknap was ono of tho new-fangled politicians who boliovo in splurges and profits, while Taft is ono of tho old-school follows who believe in honesty and economy. His reduction of those estimates has been mode judiciously, cutting off in tbo Quartermaster's Deportment and in tho appropriations for tho armament of fortifications,—just whore reductions can bo mode without dnmoging tho public service. Judge Taft is a man who has a reason for everything ho docs or recom mends, ond it is morally certain thot this amount of money—nearly six millions—moy bo saved in tho War Department without crippling tho service or damaging tho public interests in any manner. Secretary Bristow must look for a formidable rival in tho work of reform; Judge Taft will press bim bard for tho palm in this struggle, if ho remains in tho War Office. Ono of tho meanest, most contemptible, and most malignant attacks over mode npon ft Chief Executive of a nation is tho charge of tho Confederates that President Qbant had boon corruptly using Government offi cers and material on his St. Louis farm. Tho stories having been investigated, it now ap pears that some army officers in St Louis voluntarily laid out a private trotting track upon his farm, and that on ono occasion tho President, wishing to have some of his horses shood, wrote to on army officer, who was an excellent blacksmith, asking him to do tho work and offering to pay him tho usual amount • Tho blacksmith did tho work, not using any Government material, and refused to take any pay. This is tho sum and sub stance of the dreadful charges mado by tho Democratic reformers against tho President There is probably not another legislative body in tho world that would have descended to such a moan, dirty, and potty attack. The Democrats have evidently rcoched tho dregs of investigation, and henceforth nothing will bo too contemptible for them in carrying out their petty partisan spleen. It is about time for them to commence on Mrs. Grant's shoe lacings and Nexxie Chant's baby’s safety pins. Tho organ of tho whisky thieves, which hates Secretary Bristow like “ pizon,” lots fly this malicious arrow at him: A Chicago Tiuuunb dispatch says Mr. HniSTow did not resign, from tho army at all. And yet he was serving daring the War In tho Kentucky Legis lature. Was ho detailed, furloughed, or was his regiment stationed at tho Kentucky Capital? There was a law In some of Uiu States prohibiting tho double-barreled service. . A Washington dispatch to The Tribune yesterday disposes of thoso contemptible lies of insinuation by a simple statement of tho facts, as follows: Western papers continue to assert that Gen. Bnisrow resigned from the army on account of tho determination of tho Government to employ col ored troops. An examination of tho official record allows that ho romalnod with hln regiment until it was mustered out on account of the expiration of Ut term of unlee. This term expired Bept. 23, 1803. before It ended, Dnisrow was elected to tho State Senate, but did not take hla scat until his term in tho Hold had expired and he bad been mas tered out with his regiment. Thus vanishes two more malicious false hoods invented by tiro Whisky Ring and ma chine politicians, and put in circulation by their hired organa. Mr. Tuley has done tho people of Chicogo a good and efficient service in tho matter of tho rascally scavenger contract Upon his individual application os a citizen ho ob tained on injunction from tho Circuit Court restraining the contractors from acting un dor their contract, and this injunction has since been made permanent Thus tho whole contract has boon sot aside, and there will bo a roodvortising for bids. > It is safe to predict that the next contract will bo properly lot It Is well to know that indi vidual citizens may proceed in this way and prevent tho accomplishment of schemes for grabbing tho public moneys, and Mr. Tuley has set on example which, properly followed, may save tho people of Chicago hundreds of thousands of dollars within tho next few years. Morey seems to bo a sample carpet-bag ger. Seblye, tho witness ogoinst him, has boon able to strengthen his evidence by tho production of letters and documents which show that Morey resorted to trickery, intimidation, and tho unlawful use of authority to got himself elected to Congress. Ho is one of that kind of harpies who havo attached themselves to the Republican party at (ho South for their own selfish purposes, and whose abuses of power have been such os to deprive the party of every accession of strength and voters from the native whites. This is the real trouble of the Republican party ot the South, and it is such men as Morey who are to blame for it. The Indians arc a very careful and shrewd people, and among other cautious practices they always detail uuo muu to keep sober whenever they have a grand pow-wow; his duty Is to toko care of tho druukeu fellows and bestow them properly. llcuco the role of “Sober Injun,"—a position of dignity, trust, and Importance. Tho Chicago Whisky King imitated this wise Indian trait. They also had a “Soberlnjun." Ills name la Hinckley. Ho was an honest Gauger. Hu was always honest while tho others were dishonest. Ho could always he depended upon to muko tho distillers pay the full amount of tho tax on tho full amount of tho whisky they manufactured. He was an important part of the machinery. Whenever any distiller pro* tested against the payment of full tribute to Mr. lUuu or Mr. Übsiko, the honest Gauger, JXuciOßr, ms immediately quartered upon him, so Rami tes tifies, and the recalcitrant distiller was quickly brought to terms. lljncklbt may have been natively, constitutionally, and Incor rigibly honest; wo hope ho was. Hut ho was, nevertheless, an Imirortnnt, even an Indispensa ble, part of the machinery, and was used to further tho plans of the Ring just ns much ns his dishonest fellow-dangers. It Is worthy of remark, however, that the system did not re quire moro than one honest danger, and thcro wasn’t constant employment even for him. A grand musical festival was given at Flor ence a few days ago In memory of lUnxnoi.o - CntsTOFont, who, 815 years ago, substi tuted small hammers In place of quills to strike the keys of tho Instrument to which he first gave the name of tho piano-forte. 110 was the In ventor of tho modern piano, which has been marvelously Improved since hts day, and by Ids Invention bo banished tho clavichords, spinets, virginals, and harpsichords, which were tho forerunners of tho piano. Tho festival was made tho occasion of a brilliant gathering of Italian pianists, among them Biaoi, Cbsi, Pa lumdo, Topano, Simonetti, and Perano, who played compositions of Handel, Scarlatti, Rameau, Hummel, Beethoven, Chopin, Liszt, and Huiunsteim on various Instruments, illustrative of tho progress from ono of Cnis- TOPoni’s pianos down to ono of the latost Eu ropean and American makes. Thcro will proba ably bo some difference of opinion among peo ple as to tbo value of Ciustofori’s Invention. The piano has been tho source of a largo share of tho miseries of mankind, but Its usefulness nevertheless will hardly bo denied In tbo direc tion of accompaniments for tbo voice. As a solo Instrument or nn aid to teaching tho voice, however, It Is ttic Instrument of tho few. The Democratic-Confederates of Connecticut have perfected their caucus arrangement by electing Baknum (not tbo showman) to fill tho uncxplrcd term of Senator Feiuiy, deceased. Tho struggle for tho nomination wos between English and Baknum. The office was put up to tbo highest bidder, and knocked down by the caucus for Barnom. The announcement of the result was awaited with visible nervousness on both sides, notwithstanding all tho previous ex pressions of confidence, and mathematical dem onstrations. *.“Whole number of votes, 170; necessary to a choice, 89; Inobrsoll, 8; En glish, 78 ; Darnum, 03.” Twenty thousand dol lars Is mentioned ns tho amount of cash It cost to beat English, whoso “friends” bid up to SIB,OOO, but weakened nt that point. It Is doubtful If any sale of a Senatorshlp In tho South has been moro corrupt or unblushing than this nomination Is said by tho Eastern pa pers to hnvo been. Steinberg Bit’s own llttlogame In the Samoan business Is made tolerably clear by his captured correspondence. Therefrom It appears that six months prior to going there ho made a contract with tho German house of Godcpfrot & Co. of Hamburg, which recites tjint ho was about to set up a Government on the Island, upon which ho stipulates to give the firm an absolute mo nopoly of tho sale of all produce paid for taxes, the prices to bo below tho market rates, and a perccntum of tho profits to bo paid to Strin ubrobu. The firm also was to enjoy tho mo nopoly of Issuing paper currency, which Strin- UEROEn proposed to Introduce, and in the profits on this also ho was to share. It further appears that Steinberger obtained from the firm about $113,000 advances to old lu carrylnr out bis project. J Tho Detroit Tribune seems to be earnestly striving to get at tho true Inwardness of Ullnofa polities relative to tho Presidential ticket to bo nominated at Cincinnati. The Tribunes prog ress In this great work Is manifest from the following, which Is culled from its editorial columns: A Chicago correspondent writes ns a postal-can! H'otavteornllng information that ‘Mill -5“ * I ,* L .Lhw"? ~ o r' v nr‘ J a Presidential cam!!- Vko-Pr^hl^?/ 1 ’ r ,o " vnrd » candidate for vico-i resjiiont. Iho lion. Clank Lira, of this city, 1. announced fur Hint place." Wo rc-rct tlmt out'corronomlent did notaVo forwardmm info?: tout on ns to who Mr. Lira 1., Without knowlodiro oo till, point wo nliall not bo obto to tiro tho Michi gan heart oror him to any great cztoot- Bcvcnuo-Agent Conklin, of Milwaukee, tes tified to a conversation with Munn, who Is now on trial, which has a bad appearance. He swore that— In the conversation with Munn at Milwaukee, he wnv oT !l f;°. I ,ll8t,Mon! wMI "teM, tho lost way wc cun flr It, If they own Storekeepers they will rtu extra mashes, and wo can't help It. I 1 , wan . t to understand that I want to allow Bl i ca J If they will steal after wo have &? n . e f hl » I*" 1 wo can, If they wont to divide It Is Iwa l ,ml Ct |, n t f° m do ,t; lam P. oor; the Oovermont pay, mo; my house In Chicago is bcauly mortgaged, * —that is what Munn said. Add this to what Jake Reiim told under oath, and it makes an ugly case, unless the rebutting testimony overpowers It. The readers of Mr. Jacob Ueum’s testimony, whllu believing that ho lias told the truth gen erally, and has not Invented tho name of any body to whom ho paid whisky money, at the same time experience more or less dlfllculty In yielding implicit belief to that portion of his statement In which ho asserted that he did not keep back nuy of the blackmail money, but dl vldcd It all among tho other fellows. Just at that part of tho narrative some people shako their heads. They hope It Is so, hut— Wo do not doubt, and have not at anytime months, that, upona popularvote of the Republican party, Secretary Biustow would re nn- «n| t l , °M no, rJ natinn , f ° r «“> Presidency. Uo Is J P or* S-ri*L h ° I>o,mlar * av °fHo to-day.—AVw Ibis Is the candid statement of a paper which Is doing Its best for Blainb. But while Bms tow Is unquestionably tho favorite with tho masses of tho people, It Is by no means certain that tho machine-fellows will consent to his nomination «t Clndunati, A Washington dispatch says: }}. **/’, um i >rvti >bU evening that Gov. Jbwbu. will retire from the Cabinet before the clone of tho I, “ l b ° “ ’ M “>■» • We do not credit this rumor. No hotter or fitter man has hold tho portfolio of tho Postal Department for twenty years than Gov. Jewell. Speaking of tho malicious opposition evinced by certain dosses against Secretary Dmsiow, tbo Cincinnati Oaxetle observes: In prooorUon as Bristow's strength Increase*. Sbltrfr , if p t Ub i c V‘. > . Bndtt * B wWj,k T thlev2o£ iii.lnfm alp lw* tr cdof him. With llmstow os the “ ,>a lduto for tho Presidency, Hamilton toh^r ly o7K U nnn° U ? » f lc l*ubllcan majority In Oc- Gie of Ohio 30,000. 'luut would vlrloolly sotllo tho Presidential fight. «.?n * act *!• b »* never yet paid more As Cook County, with 14 per cent of the pop ulation, pays nearly 25 per cent of the State tax es, bow much would tho Jieglsler have tho other 101 counties pay after Increasing tho levy on Cook County to four times what It Is now I Jake Übhm states that he paid J. D. Ward big money when bo was lu Congress for election purposes, but tbo reason for which bo paid him money after he became District Attorney la not given. As Mr. Ward Is to bo tried, wo suppose this explanation Is reserved for that trial. If Rbdu's story that ho paid Collector Wads worth 93,700 a mouth should prove to be true, It will go some way to explain why Wadsworth refused to resign when requested by Secretary Bristow, and why ho denied tho right of the Secretary to remove him without “cause.” Tbo popular credulity Is still dreadfully strained In the effort to swallow the story whole, that It was Hbsino, tho cunning, unscrupulous villain, who seduced, In his unsophisticated in nocence, the verdant, Inexperienced Rbusl •We have been trying to figure out from the confessions under oath of the distillers, recti fiers, Uaugcrs, Storekeepers, and tho ox-FoUce Superintendent, how much money was paid as blackmail to various parties, but have not beau between nd^oo0 Ut Tho luyonno tho Government m «wlnt]l«l ou i„t by fftlao oaths anil corrupt oniclals must road, somewhere In tbo neighborhood of a million of dollars during the two and a halt or thro ‘ tho stealing was In progress. . ~ J PEBSONAL, The Poston Pott wants to know what kind h a nightcap Forney pot on before be had that dreem. Er-Kmprosa Carlolla, widow of the onfotlnnil. Emperor of Mexico, Is In good physical health, bnl Imbecility la now more pronounced Mr. Edwin Doothand McVlckor'a Company are playing this week In Detroit. The newspaper, of that city have much to say In praise of Mr. Pierce's rendering of tlioA-la,; In "nsmleL" * ?J c !‘ l ? ,on ,n hsr ” cw P'“y 'rents a diamond ring on each Anger of her left hand and two tin™ on her right bond, "which, "the Now York IForS aay*, proves that sho U a heaven-born actor. ” The young Prince Koffee, of Ashantco, who Is holnff educated at tho Hurroy-County School la England, has been quite 111 of late. At one time his symptoms were considered alarming, but hi* health Is now Improving. A pompous lltllo man approached a Centennial gatekeeper and said: “Pm a Philadelphia Alder. that’s no matter, ” was the answer, that don t exclude yon. Pay your fifty cents! and you can go In like the rest.” ”[ In A Bo °th has sold his conntryseal “ Cedar Cliff, at Greenwich, Conn., near tho Cos Cob A * Providence, for SjO, 000. Tho homo was built by Charles Barms. i°« n £ l . horof . th ? “ Blnck Crook,”from money which ho received for that production. Mr. Beecher's lecture nt the Baltimore Academy ofMuslcon ‘llcllglonln Education” Is called b» hC BOrmon -” The house was about one-fifth filled with an audience largely composed of Invited guests, and tho summing op of theaf. fair Is that “It was a dreary and lamentable fall, uro.” A Washington correspondent Is authority for th« statement that John Chamberlain, the gambler won 8140,000 at a quiet game of draw, which lusted tblrty-slx hours. The participants, besidci Chamberlain, were two “politicians of national reputation,’’and a member of a great banking house In London. Justice Miller, of the United States Supreme Court, publicly rebuked a dlgnlflcd old gcnllcmam who was talking aloud In the courtroom. Some body afterwards told the Justice that Itwastba Emperor of Brasil whom ho bad rebuked. Th« Justice said: “Emperors must respect the pro prieties of the court-room us well as common people.” The Rev. Philip Brooks, of the Episcopal Church, Boston, having allowed an unlicensed clergyman to assist him In a recent marriage cere mony, the matter will probably bo brought befora the Episcopal Convention ns a question of Church discipline. Mr. Brooks’ Intention to blf summer-vacation In Europe will probably not b* Interfered with by this proceeding. “Robert Taylor, the tramp and tho aospcctod murderer of,.poor Emily Holland, of Blackburn ” has been on exhibition at Preston, in Lancashire, Eng. Ho was proved Innocent of the crime, and the present Interest In him must bo duo to bis nar row escape from hanging. Tho proceeds of tho exhibition, after paying expenses, goto tho family of tho murdered girl. It Is suggested that Pipes and Pomeroy might undertake a charitable work of tho same kind in Massachusetts. Frank Moulton denies tho report spread abroad by tho Now York Associated Press to the effect that bis counsel (Oen. Pryor) In his argument lost Fri day said that his client bad been nearly ruined fi nancially by his connection with tho Beecher case. Pryor did say, according to tho corrected report of tho Associated Press, that Moulton bad been dam aged In person, property, and character, bat did not say that he had been financially ruined, or com pelled to part with bis property or any of It. Town Councilor Blair, of Dundee, Scotland, was paying a tender visit to a Mrs. Wilson, tho last week in April. Some of tho married ladles of tho town complicated the visit by lying the door of tho house to the railing. The Town Councilor, It Is presumed, was obliged to Jump from a window; for bo appeared In time to capture one of his perse cutors, who was afterwards sentenced to pay a fins of 15 shillings, or go to prison for five days. W« have not as yet heard what Mrs. Town Councllot Blair thinks about thla practical Joke. Poetic Justice has been wrought out upon a photographer In South Pearl street, Albany, N. Y. Ho recently sold his business, ami with It a large number of old negatives. Ills successor, rummaging over Iho stock, discovered a negative of the former proprietor's wife, a flnc-looking wo man. In a few days a picture was flxed up from this negative and exhibited In the window outside. Application was made by the retired photographer Injustice Chute forawnrrant for tho arrest of tho owner of tho gallery. Ho was Informed that his only remedy lay In effecting a purchase of the picture and then removing It from Its exposed situ ation. Tho Paris cprrespondcnt of the Buffalo CoAmtr dal writes: “The casting of the gigantic bronze statue of Liberty, to bo erected at the entrance of New York harbor, has recently been begun here. Some idea of the dimensions of this monster may bo conveyed by tho fact that tho shoulders nro more than 12 metres broad, and tho head 7 metres high from tho chin to the top. The legs measure several metres in circumference. A man can easily ensconce himself in many of the folds of tlm drapery; and tho light which the statue bolds In Its hand is such that two persons can walk round it and pass each other, or take a chair and sit down.’*, ThoHev. M. J. Savage seems to have made no changes in his faith since ho left a Unitarian pulpit in Chicago for one In Boston. Ho Is now as liberal In his Interpretation of the Bible ns ho was former ly. Ho said In a sermon delivered last Sunday: “I believe tho doctrine of tho Infallibility of the Bible to bo one of tho grandest evils of our civili zation; It brings down tho conception of Ood to a crude and mean thing; It maligns androlsropreaents tho nature and destiny of man; It warps moral per ception; It clogs progress, hinders civilization; It makes churches Instead of reformers sectarian and jealous clans; confounds religion with tho system of a Chinese puzzle arrangement; In short, not one single valuable thing will bo lost when the Ac tion of Infallibility la surrendered,aud many griev ous evils will be obliterated." The llooloy Comedy Company has perished from the face of (he earth In Son Francisco, after a resi dence on the Pacific slope of a little more than one year. It has not paid expenses any single week, except during the run of “Ultimo" last summer. Mr. llooley lost by tho company In California 810,000 over andalmvohls profits on “Ultimo," and Maguire has been a loser to about tho same amount. Tho dally expenses were $-100, aud tho receipts, after the departure of Barry Sullivan, about 8200. Being unable and unwilling to meet such i steady draft as this upon his purse, Mr. Maguire on Saturday week posted a notice on nounclng the dissolution of the company. Most of tho members will come East. Tho OhronlcU says the leading members were paid higher salaries than at any other theatre In the city. O'Neill had 8100 a week, Crane the same, Kennedy $73, Miss Hawthorne 873, Miss Maybow 830, and the other* In proportion. hotel inntVALB. Palmer Haute— J.M. OrlllUh. Dubonnet B. P, Fsy, Prolrlo du Chlon; G. T. Bunker, Indlanapo- Jib; J. 8. Marks, Rochester: T. D. Robertson, Rockford; 11. J. prassett and 11. A. lilacoe, To ronto; J. R. Gardner, Glasgow; William Waller, Jr.,Glasgow; A. J. Nutting, New York; John O. Black, Now York; J. Be Uarth bhorb, ban Gabriel, Cal.; A. C. Jeffrey,Liverpool. England; Janies Gall, New Zealand; It. Turner, England..,. Uratui Pacific— Joseph Gaskoll, Hock Island; C. W. Plankett, Massachusetts; Judge D. b. Scofield, Carthage, III.; Thomas S. Ridgeway, Illinois; George Paterbangh, Peoria; Loyd Harris, tit. Louis; J. W. Hccder, tihawneetuwn, 111.; IL W. and 11. Q. Thompson, Terre Ilauto; Hugo Macr and Robert Macr, Hrclg, Germany; Ur. H. D. Car* S' ir, Ottumwa; b. b. Merrill, Milwaukee; C. Gault, Ilußsell bago, Jr., O. E. Uritl, Milwaukee: John Lawler, PrairieonCblen; Judge J. M. Tebbols, Ilurrodsburg, Ky.; O. M. Hansom, Balt)more.... Tremont lioiue —U. C. Nickerson, M. I*., Col. E. P. Baldwin, and An* thony Force, Montreal; O. C. Reed and F. W. 11. Chambers, Detroit; the Bov. A. A. Bartbolo* mew, Greensburg, Pa.; tbo Hev. Joseph Patter* •on, Boston; the lion. 11. W. Hinsdale and O. Pierce, Grand Rapids; John Chum* bora, Pittsburg; Cel. Ralph Plumb, Btrcator; George Bogen, Cincinnati; J. F. beguer, Burlington; Col. 8. A. Cosgrove, Pittsburg: Will* fain Booth, Norman Finite, F. W. Rhinelander, the Hon. Georgs Crary, and Joseph bherwuod, New York; C. U. Butfiugton, Eau Claire....<Wlfr* man Jlotut— Tho Hon. Philip A, Roach, ban Francisco; Col. A. Do Graff, Dayton, O.; the Hon. K. 0, Brown, Denver; John 8. McDonald, Fond du Lac: Charles A. Do Graff, bt. Paul; W. H. Horner, SL Loulti T. 0. Houck, Hull, Canada; W. M. Cox. General Freight Agent R., R. I. 6 Bt. h. R. It; George H. House, Lansing,. ..Uardntr J/out*-— John fcoj* tom, Albany; J. R. Williams, Portsmouth, O.; O. P. Bane. Now York; T. N. Foster. Ualllmorej O. Diake, Bay City; N.O. Hinsdale, New York; hew* lon Goodwin, New York; C. B. Dole and family, Crystal Lake; B. T. Leflln, New Orleans} ft Walls, SatUa Creek, Mtebs

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