Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 19, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 19, 1876 Page 4
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4 ©Kiinlnuic. terms of the tribune. »ats3 or wnwcnimosi (patadls m advance). postage Prepaid at this Oillce. Dally Edition, postpaid. i year .... puns of year at nms rate. . Mailed to any uddrei* four weeks for. ....... •• •,• • 1,00 Bandar Editions Literary and Religious DouMa 3 m Trt*WMidy, , FarU_of_ycsr *t lama rata WEBXLT EDITION, POSTPAID. Onnconr. P*r ’}•£, ciufttf “Is*. ■•• „lubof hre. pcreopy Club of twenty, per copy Tbo perttgo UlB cent* * year, which wo will prepay. Specimen cople* «cni free. , To ptetetU delay ud mistake*, be »u ro anti Kite Teat* Office «ddre« In full, Including Stale •“*1 County. remittance* may be made eltlier by draft, express, pott*Offioa order, or la registered letters, at our risk. TERMS TO CITT aOBSCBinERS. Daffy, delivered. Sunday excepted, as tcnU per week. Doll*. delivered, Bondar Included, ao cent* per wees JLdrtma TUB TIUIIUKE COMPANY. Owner Madison and DearbonwU.. Chicago, HI. amusements. fitxr CklcnKo Theatre. Gark street, betncea Randolph and Lake. Dooley i Idlnautu. Ilooley’* Theatre. Randolph street, between Clark and T.nSallo. En gagement of Fifth Arcane Company. •Tlguo. McVleker’* Theatre. Madlaoa street, between State and Dearborn. Bn* jagenteat ol tho Masglo Mltchall Troupe. Jano Adolph) Theatre. Dewbom street, corner Monroo. Variety ent'rtun meat. “Tha Walla ol Now York." Weed's Museum Montoe atreet. between Dearborn anil State. After* hood, “Tholnvlilblo Prince." Evening. On Hoad. McCormick ITnll* Korth Gark atreet, comer of Klnslc. Concert by Wad. Pappcabclm. Rnse Db.ll Park. Twenty-third street, comer Dearborn. Champion |hlp game between tho Bt. Louis and Chicago Club*. SOCIETY MEETINGS. ORIENTAL LODGE, No, 30, A. T. 4 A. M.-Hnll 132 Lasallc-at.— Staled communication thls(rmny) evening nl7>< o'clock sharp, for IniilucMand work In •he Third Degree. Vy order of the Mailer. L. J». TUCKKR. Secretary. FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1870. Greenbacks at tbo Now York Gold Ex change yesterday closed atß9|. Tho weather bureau predicts wanner weather with rain areas in tho Upper Lake region to-day. Mr. Jewzll denies tho report that ho in tends resigning the Postmaster-Generalship, tnd everybody will bo glad to hear It, ex cepting, possibly, that “ friend of Cone lino's" who was mentioned as bis successor. Tho primary elections in this city yester day for the choice of delegates to tho Re publican County Convention resulted in the success of tho anti-BEVxniDOE ticket. Out af IC2 delegates elected at the primaries, 124 are known to favor tho permanent with drawal of Beveridge from the Executive iflice at Springfield. Kentucky comes oat for Bristow with a rigor and enthusiasm which will bo certain lo extend beyond, tho party lines in tho event tbot the glowing recommendation of tho Republican Convention yesterday should be concurred in at Cincinnati. Kentucky furnished ono grand President in Lincoln, and she is anxious to repeat the donation in' tho person of Bristow. The French Chamber of Deputies yester day defeated, by an overwhelming majority, the bill granting amnesty to the Communist prisoners, exiles, and refugees. It is pro posed .to leave tho pardoning power dis erotionary with President MaoMauok, who is trusted to exorcise this prerogative in ac cordance with tho interests of justice, hu manity, and tho welfare of the nation. Mr. Hewitt, who was deputed by tho House Committee on Foreign Affairs to pro. pore the report on (ho Emma Mine investi gation, has completed bis labors, and it is stated that the report, while exonerating Gen. Sooenos from tho imputation of inten tional fraud or fraudulent intention, will cen sure him for impropriety of conduct in using his official position to further tho interests of the Mining Company. A curious confirmation of tho general judgment regarding tho “mule” story started by detractors of Secretary Bristow is found in tho foct that tho House Com mittee on Ways and Moans havo agreed to report a bill, drawn up by Mr. Tucker, q£ Virginia, granting to Buckner relief for the loss he sustained in his mule contract. Mr. Bristow believed the claim to b« a just one, and it seems tho Committee hold the same opinion. The Indianapolis Irroconcllablcs havo met (heir first disappointment almost before tho delegates coaid pack op their cigar-boxes. Mr. Fetes Cooper desires to remark that ho will not be President of the United States if to become so requires him to hove such back fug. Bat then Mr. Cooper suggests that one William Allen, now and for any time dur ing the past century abiding in tho State of Ohio, would moke a proper candidate if tho people ooald strain tholr imaginations to such A degree. It was Hiamo who first led Heiui astray, and it was llmm who first enticed llkbinq from tho path ot virtue. Singular coinci dence ) It was a remarkable case of irresist* IbU affinity, of mutual seduction. Until Hesino made improper proposals, Rehm was purity personified: until llhum laid siege, HnuMo’s honor had never yielded to any man. It waa a simultaneous plunge-hi to sin of two whito souls, who date their downfall at the same instant, and attribute it to each other. They mot, they fell, and a big be getting of crookedness and cash was the re sult, The action of the Ohio Convention has suggested to the minds of the hard-money Democrats tha importance of abolishing the two-thirds role at the SI. Louis Convention. They argue that the success of the inflation ists in Ohio is likely to give the rug-baby ele ment of the party in other States fresh cour age and strength, and may result in sending to the Convention sstubbom minority of one third, which would be able to prevent the nomination of any but a pronounced green backer. Hence the advisability of so alter ing the role as to allow of a nomination by the usual majority over all. Tho Chicago produce markets wore ir regular yesterday, provisions being dull and Uoadior, while grain was in good demand and stronger. Moss pork dosed a shade firmer, at $20.571(g>20.C0 for Jane and $20,75 for July. Lard was unchanged, closing at 412.87} for Jane end $12.87} for July. Meats were quiet and easy, at 7|o for ' boxed shoulders, 10Jo for da short ribs, 1 And U}o for do short clears. "Lake freights at2lo fox wheat to|[ Buffalo. Boil freights were doll and unchanged. Hlgh wlnes wore steady, at $1.07} P or gallon. Floor was In fair demand and firm. Wheat closed 2jo higher, at sl.oo* cash and sl.oo} for Juno. Cora closed |o higher, at 48}o cash ami fCje for June. Oats closed easier, at 302(®31c cash and 80}c for Juno. Kyo was stronger at 670. Barley closed 2@30 higher, at 730 cosh and 500 for Juno. Hogs were fairly active, at C@loo decline, Ihs bulk of the sates making at $7.00@7.10. Cattle were dull and weak. Sheep wore firm at fall prices. Ono hundred dollars In gold would buy $113.75 in greenbacks at the close. .$13.00 The Methodist General Conference was a UlUe too aoon in Its compllmoutary reaolu tions concerning tho Christian management of the Centennial. The Commission were patted on the back for closing the Exhibition and grounds on Sunday, but the brethren at Baltimore havo got into a rago of righteous indignation over the sale of liquors Inside tho Centennial inclosura. Tho opportunity afforded to thirsty welches to get a glass of beer without going outside the gate U char acterized by the General Conference as an outrage upon tho Christian sentiment of tho country, and a eolem protest Is entered against it which the Centennial managers will probably put into a pigeon-hole along with the flattering Sunday resolutions and call it agnate. The excited condition of mind which pro* valla in Constantinople ond the strong proba bility of a general religions riot upon tho slighest provacotlon have determined the postponement of the dedication of tho now English church justcompleted at tho Turkish Capital, this course being urged by tho British Ambassador after consultation with tho Minister of Police. The Mohammedans are baying revolvers, daggers, and other weapons for use in case an outbreak occurs, and the Christians aro also arming for tho possible conflict. If a struggle should toko place, it is bolioved tho Chris tians would bo victorions in Constantinople, provided tho mob was not aided by tho Turkish troops, but extra precautions aro being taken by the foreign Ambassadors to bo in readiness for defence and protection. Peace bos settled over the distracted pre cincts of the City Hall, and Mayor Hotne is completely installed in the position to which bo was lately called by the people of Chicago. He presided at yesterday's mooting of the Common Council, anddelivoredhis inaugural message in person to that body. The interesting document is printed in full in our columns this morning. The reader will have no difficulty in forming tbo conclusion that Chicago has finally entered upon on ora of honest and economical government, and that wo have a Mayor who knows what reform means and is prepared to carry out tho popular will. Tbo message has tho gonuino ring of retrenchment and re form,—tho reduction of unnecessary ox. pcnscs in every department of the City Government, and tho utmost possible cur tailment of ovory source of taxation and oat lay. Mayor Hotne is a worthy head of tho fine body of men who now compose tho Common Council, and tho radical reforms and sweeping changes recommended in his mes sage may bo safely intrusted to tho largo majority of conscientious Aldermen who are in entire harmony with theso views. THE DEMOCRATIC BLUNDER IN OHIO. The Democratic party in the Stato of Ohio has just passed through the operation of self sloughtcr—suicide. The Convention 'which a year ago raised the rag baby, and with old William Allen declared specie payments a ** damned barren ideality," was a surprise, in which the rag-monoy men grasped the organ, ization and had things their own way. This year the hard-monoy men, representing Judge Thurman, made an effort to have him in. domed by Ohio for the Presidential nomina tion ; but the managers colled the Convention to moot at Cincinnati, and turned the rag. money mob into the lobby; then, by a vote of iWB to 800, adopted a rag-monoy platform and nominated old Mr. Allen for the Pros!, deacy. Up to this action the Ohio Democrats had a chance to furnish the candidate. As a last effort the Now York and Eastern Democrats might have con. coded the nomination of Thurman. That, however, is as far os they will go. 'With Thurman as a candidate there would be live, ly work in Ohio, and, unless Bristow were the Ilopublican candidate, the vote of the Stato would bo in extreme doabt Bat the candidacy of Allen is a grotesque absurdity but a particle removed in the sense of folly from that of Peter Cooper by the other madmen at Indianapolis. This Convention will pass into the history of politics as re markable for two things : X. The voluntary surrender by the Democratic party of a largo Stato of all futuro voice, interest, or control in the nomination of tho candidate for Presi dent. 2. For the declaration of a policy of finance which betrays beyond all precedent the madness or ilio ignorance of the men who at this ago of general intelligence present such nonsense for the approval of the Ameri can people. That financial platform exceeds in absardl. ty all of Us kindred predecessors, and, by comparison, renders that of the Indianapolis people tolerably respectable and sane. Wo reproduce the declaration entire: Wo declare that wo shall urge, against atl opposi tion,—come from what quarter Umuy,— measures to effect tbo following objects: 1. The Immediate and unconditional repeal of Urn llepubtlcah Resumption law. ‘J. Tbo defeat of oil schemes for resumption which Involves cither contraction of tbs currency, perpetuation of bank Issue*, or Increase of the lu tcrcst-burdcn of the debt 3. The gradual but early subetltutlon ot legal tenders for National bank-notes. •1. Tbo Issue, by tbo General Government alone, of all tbo circulating medium, whether paper or metallic. 6. No forced Inflation, no forced contraction,but a sound currency e<iual to the wants of trade and industry, to bo regulated with gold by means of approprlato legislation, such aa making it receiva ble for customs aud interconvertible at Uia pleas ure of the bolder with a bond bearing an interest not to exceed 3 U 5-100 p«r cent payable In gold, so that the volume of currency shall not be deter mined by tbo pleasure or caprice of either Congress or tbn banks. 0. A graduated Income-tax to meet at least the premium on gold needed to pay interest ontho public debt. 7. That public policy and a sense of common Justice requires, that tbo silver Issued by the Gov ernment should be a legal-tender In payment of all debts, public or private, and that we demand the unconditional repeal of tbesrvcallod Silver act, to far u the same limits the amount for wblcb Oliver coinage shall be o legal-lender. Thisdeolarstionof o national financial policy was adopted in a Couvention over which Oxanas 11. Pkndlltom presided, and which proposed a candidate for the Presidency, It is hardly necessary to comment on this policy. It is o waste of words to discuss the points presented. This is a nation of forty, five millions of people. Under wise laws the United States might become the. workshop for the world { our commerce should exceed that of any other nation. Wo have all the natural elements of a great producing ootm- THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE i: FRIDAY. MAY ' 19,~~1875. try,—able, from onr surplus, to fnrnisb man* kind with all the raw matorialortho finished fabrics that enter into the world’s traffic. Among other things wo produce gold and silver. But the little commerce that is left ns under onr tariff laws Is now clogged and embarrassed, weakened and destroyed by a fictitious money unknown to mankind and discarded in every market. At this time, and under snob circumstances, o Conven tion calling itself Democratic, and, what is worse, calling itself intelligent and representative, proposes to elect n President to carry ont the policy indicated in the plat form wo have given. That platform proposes thi iat the United Stales fllmil novet resume specie payments 5 the duplication of the amount of legal-tendor greenback notes; the establishment of nn exclusively paper, money currency; a paper-money standard of talucs, and that paper to be perpetually irre deemable, except in a bond, which bond itself is to be payable is the irredeemable paper. The use of gold in payment of duties to ho discontinued. This party, which thns proposes to manage tha national finanocH and sink tho nation in Irretrievable disaster and ruin, asks tha American people to commit the Government of tho United States to tho men who framed and who voted for thcao proposed measures of finance t In tho meantime, the Ohio Democracy have won the deserved contempt of the whole nation, have made themselves tho laughing stock of tho country, and have justly ex cluded themselves from all weight or author ity in tho Convention of their own party. TESMINAL OBAIN CHABGEB. It ia an unusual thing in Chicago to bo obliged to make a public confession that any doss of business-men ora wanting in a prompt acquiescence in any measure neces sary for the progress and commercial welfare of tho city. In regard to the terminal grain charges, however, such a confession teems to bo more necessary than concealment. Un less there shall bo a radical reduction in tho cost of handling grain, tho decline and fall of Chicago’s supremacy in this trade are merely questions of time, and the more ap parent this be mode tho quicker the remedy will bo provided. We are inclined to bold the Chicago Board of Trado mainly responsible for those excessive charges which ore forcing the groin in every other possible direction, for the reason that tho Board of Trade has sufficient fiscal and moral strength to coerce a reform if it saw fit to exorcise its full influence. Last winter, when the East ern railroad pool was damaging Chicago’s trade, and discriminating in freight charges against this city and in favor of points to tho west and Booth of us, the Board of Trade took hold of the matter, and in the end brought about an abandonment of the pool. At that time it called upon and re ceived from the press the most active sup port, Bnt it was found upon investigation that it was not the railroad pool exclusively that was hurting the trade. Tho complaint from tho country was universal that tho ter minal charges on freight—tho side-tracking, 41 trimming,” and elevator rates—were exces sive. Tho press bos boon unable to counter oct these complaints in tho face of facts, and bos called upon the Board of Trado in vain to take some vigorous steps toward correct ing tho abuses. It would seem that an appeal to tho elo vator owners themselves ought to indaco them to abate their rates. It is notorious that the charges for handling groin in other cities are much less, and it is believed that the elevators in other cities are making money at tho lower rates. The reason is that they ora getting so much more groin to handle on materially tho same expenses that tho smaller profits oro swelled by the increase of business. In the mean time, the Chicago elevator pool ia carrying idlo storehouses at tho excessive rates charged by those which are running, and the grain is diverted to the other cities which tho Chicago elevators might handle with tho same aggregate profit they now make on tho smaller business. The Board of Trado was prompt to investigate and re port on the abuses of tho pool railroads; why is it not equally prompt in exposing tho warehouse abuses and demanding their re- form 7 Is it because a few elevator-owners are permitted for selfish purposes to damage tho business of the Board and the city as a whole ? If the composition of the old Com mittee to whom tho railroad investigation was intrusted is in the interest of tho ele vators, a now Committee should bo appointed, and the exact facts of the ease along with tho comparative rates in tho other cities should bo exposed to tho public view and properly denounced by tho Board, OTO BECTJBITY AGAINST FINE. The annual report of tho Board of Pablio Works for tbo three months coding Dec. 81, 1675, a summary of which was printed in our last issue, gives a clear and concise view of what Chicago has been doing to protect buisolf against future conflagrations, and a few of these facts wo recommend to tbo Now York carpers. The total cost of the waterworks has boon over elz and a half millions, and what have wo to show for it 7 In general terms, the best protected city in the United States against possibilities of lire. The details will bo of general interest to our own citizens, and should commend themselves to tho insurance companies. Tho report shows that we hare now 410 1 miles of water pipe in this city, against 278 miles in 1871, at tho time of the Great Fire, showing an increase of 18tf miles. A large part of this work has consisted of substitu tion of largo pipes in the place of small in the important atreets of the city, G or fl inch for 4 and 12-inch for 8. Tho most toluablo ports of tbo city are now traversed by largo mains. There will be when finished, two months from now, live miles of il-feet mains whore there was but one mile before tho lire, running from the water-works to tboriror, and, of the total amount of pipe laid, eleven-sixteenths are of sizes considered safe for fire purposes in all large cities. Of tho 21-inch pipe there ore now 18 miles, which is an increase of one-half, and the Itt and 12-inch pipes also have been I doubled. Now York has 255 miles of 0-inch I pipe; we have 275 miles, and yet New York I clamors for an increase of insurance rates in Chicago. The Increase of hydrants has been as remarkable os that of pipes. Whore there were formerly a hydrant ou every other cor ner, there is now o hydrant on every corner in the thiokly-settlod part of tho city, and they are being rapidly distributed through the whole city. The southwestern wooden section and tho lumbar districts, which wore not protected before, arc now well provided with water and appliance*, and ore safe against a destructive fire except under such > natural conditions as &>fy the extinguishing i of a conflagration under any circumstances, i The sewerage of the city has been increased i proportionately with tho water facilities, >, At tho tima of tho fits la 1871 there wore 101 miles, And now there oro 253, an increase ot 112 miles. In ton wards the sewerage system is virtually completed. Apart from tho Improvement In the public health, already apparent, and the fact of carrying off tho waste water and giv ing people on opportunity to put basements under their houses, this great increase of sewerage baa a very important bearing upon the question of protection against lire, since, when the nnpaved streets are dried and thereby rendered passable, tho fire-engines can readily got to any part of the city with convenience and speed where they now meet with serious obstoclcs to progress. As a result of this vast system of improvements, the business portions of the city are as strongly and se curely protected against fire os any other city In this country. Tho most valuable re sult, however, will ho found in tho southwestern port of tho city, where, owing to tho prevalence of southwest winds in tho dry season and tho largo extent of wooden buildings, lumber-yards, and other inflammable material, the danger has always boon an alarming one. By tho first of July these improvements will have been so far completed that if a fire should brook out in that section hose can be attached to hundreds of plugs and used with effect without the aid of a single engine. Tho pressure of water in the most remote portions of this district will be 30 pounds to inch, a column of water CO feet, and this pressure will run up to 100 pounds. Chicago, there fore, may feel comparatively secure agoinst any possibility of a wide-spread conflagration in tho future except under such conditions of wind and dryness as will defy any fire deport ment and apparatus. In view, therefore, of what Chicago has done to protect herself ogalnst fixe, it is manifestly unjust for the insurance companies to dis criminate against her and maintain extra charges. The rates ought to bo reduced as low as they exist in any other well-protected city. Wo have now a bottersupply of water, larger mains and moro of them, moro hy drants, on increased pressure, a moro power ful and bettor organized flro department, and an ordinance forbidding tho erection of any more wooden buildings in tho city limits, — conditions of safety with which oven Now York cannot compete. Tho possibility of future conflagrations has therefore been min imized, and wo should have tho benefit of it in reduced rates of insurance. THE PEESTDENXIAL OUTLOOK. Ono of our Washington correspondents, in a letter -which was printed in The Tribune of yesterday, has in ado up from a Washing ton standpoint a careful estimate of the rela tive strcn|th of the various candidates for the Republican nomination*at Cincinnati; and, -with the returns of State Conventions before him nt the time, ho figured out the following status: Bsistow, 102; Blaine, 121; Cone- UNO, D 2; Morton, 83; Hartbanpt, 58. Since this estimate was made other States have boon heard from, but they do not ma* teriolly change the relative strength of Bris tow and Blaine, but bring them both out conspicuously os the leading candidates. Thus Now Jersey has gone for Blaine, but this is more than offset by Alabama, which has gone for Bbistow, while in Tonncsso Bbibtow baa 11, Morton 9, and Blaine 3. Kentucky, yet to heor from, will be solid for Bristow, and tbo votes of Illinois, Minnesota and Kansas will be divided between Blaine and Bristow. This showing makes it tolera bly safe to predict (leaving out the possible appearance through a trap-door of the “Great Unknown’*) that the contest will Bot tle down to Bristow and Blaine, with o pretty even race at the outset, but both so completely overshadowing their present rivals on tbo first ballot that the latter will bo forced to retire from the field. The first noies of the real struggle will bo sounded of ter .tbo first or second ballot, when the several delegations shall have paid their expected compliments to the “favorite sons." Pennsylvania will bo the first probably to break the “favorite-son" lino, and Hart hanft's fiftv-eight voles will go—to whom ? Probably the bulk of them to Blaine, who is a native of Pennsylvania, and who is said to enjoy the favor of the Cameron and Hart ranvt men in that State. This will give Blaine a temporary advantage over Bbistow. But it will not be long after that before Co kruno's sixty votes from Now York will break, nnd where will they go? Hardly to Blaine, if Conslzno can help it Probably not to Mobton, In view of the moral certainty that Morton cannot carry Now York State in the election. If not to Blaine or Morton, then they will go to Bristow, which will re store him his original advantage. Then In diana will have to drop Morton when it shall become apparent that his nomination is out of the question, and whore will that delegation go ? If it shall follow the senti ment of the majority of the Indiana people, most of it will certainly go over to Bristow. At all events, it is safe to estimate that Bris tow will got at least one-half of the Indiana delegates. This will leavo cluoo work with the scattering Southern delegates naturally inclined to Mr. Bristow. Tho real struggle is between Bbistow and Blainb. They are tho candidates of tho Western States after the “ favorite-sonny ” nonsense is disposed of. Tbo Biustow men in tho West, If forced to an acknowledgment that he cannot bo nominated, will undoubt edly go over to Blaine? and the Blainb men in tbo West, when convinced that their candidate cannot bo nominated, will go over to Baisrow. The situation Is rather cheerful, on tho whole. It is perfectly certain that Bmsxow can be elected if nominated. It is probable that Blazmx eon be elected if nominated, and that probability will become a certainty if the Democrats moke a mistake in tho se lection of their man at St. Louis, as they ore apt to do. Bat there is one way where by harmony and success can be assured be yond peradventure; one way whereby tho Republicans of the East, the Republicans of the West, and tho Republicans of tho Booth, can be united; one way to organize victory in the Convention,—and that is to be found in the ticket: Bhistow and Blaine. The Democratic House failed to carry out tho recent vaunted retrenchment programme In the matter of the Postal Appropriation bill by neglecting to strike out wholly all appropriations for carrying tho moils. That would have suspended, in short order, the postal service, and tho money now expended for transportation of tho mails would have been saved through Democratic economy. True, the public would have suffered the inconvenience and almost irreparable loss resulting discontinuance of tho postal system. But that is what tho Democratic House bos provided for, within the next six months, in tho bill as passed. While they werb about it, saving tho people's money that is spent for carriage of tho mails, the Democrats of tho House might as well have saved tho whole amount by stopping it out- right Instead of say six months hence. The appropriation was oat down seven million dollars, while tho routes were extended about 10 por cent, loovlng the amount op propriated.wholly Insufficient to keep up the service half a year. As there is no law re quiring tho railroads to carry tho mails ot o loss, tho rosnlt will bp that they will refuse to carry thorn ot any such figures os contomplotod by the bill, which, If passed by the Senate, will simply load to n suspension of tho postal service ot require on extra session to bo called to moke tho necessary appropriation. This bill is a sample of the Democratic re tronohraont for buncombe’s sake practiced by tho Democrntio House for effect upon the approaching elections. It is tho misfortune of tho present situotion that the Democrats and Confederates control the House and thus control appropriations, while they are not responsible (or tho Administration, to ham per and balk which, to tho detriment of tho people, while ostensibly retrenching, is the summit of Democratic economy. They will foil, however, in this as in all other attempts to set np as moral reformers and guardians of the Public Treasury. The party of Tweed, Flotd, Pendleton, Thompson, and the Tam many Ring, and of the pack of office-seeking vultures that now throng the House lobbies, cannot acquire a reputation for public virtue by crippling the postal service for the sake of making political capital and embarrassing the Republican Administration. If they suc ceed in their project, they will but bring down upon themselves the full responsibility for this attempt to destroy tho most indis ponsoble branch of the public service. A NEW RAILWAY PROJECT. Tho only railway projects that can com* mnncl capital or confidence in these times are those which contemplate tho improvement of existing property and tho vitalization of roods that are now idle and unprofitable Tho close of the litigation which places tho Rockford, Hock Island & St. Louis Bond in tho hands of Mr. Osterdeho, who purchased it and holds it in trust for tho Gorman bond holders, suggests a combination which will give Chicago n now West and Southwest rail road, and assist in some measure in prevent ing arrangements like that of lost winter for carrying tho grain around Chicogo in ila course to tho seaboard. Tho suggestion is to consolidate, by contract or otherwise, tho present Chicago <t Pociflo with tho Rockford, Rock Island & St. Lonis, which may bo dono by* tho completion of a missing link be tween Byron, in Oglo County, the present terminus of tho former, and Sterling, in Whiteside County, the terminus of tho letter, — a distance of less thou 88 miles. Such a con junction of tho two roads would give a now Illinois railroad nearly 400 miles long, run ning west from Chicago some 00 miles, and thence mainly south, through tho western counties of the State, to Alton, with a St Louis connection. The country traversed is thickly populated and rich in produce, which would then seek Chicago as its most natural outlet to tiro Eastern and foreign market Tho conditions seem to bo peculiarly favor able to the consummation of such a project Tho Chicago «k Faoiflo Railroad, running through Elgin, and with a more desirable entrance Into this city than conld now bo so cured by any now road, has run out of money, and cannot carry out tho original idea of running to tho Mississippi River. Tho Rockford Roodhos never boon completed beyond Sterling. Its length from Sterling to Alton Junction is 271 miles, ond it has short branches making 21 miles more of road, with sidings and other tracks amounting to 20 miles. It has 81 locomotive engines and nearly 1,000 revenue cars. Tho stock has been wiped out, and the basis of the sale of the road, now fully approved by tho courts, will enable It, after practically absorbing the Chicago & Pacific and completing the gap between Sterling and Byron, to compote for business on a practical cost of slo,oooa mllo, instead of $40,000 or $50,000 a milo. With n direct connection with Chicago, which it should control, it will bo in a position along* aide of the Burlington & Quincy and the St. Louis & Alton Roads, running through a dif ferent country but inwing equally on the cross-roads. Tho advantage of such an ar rangement both to Chicago and to the road itself is obvious, and we think it ought to comraond itself to Mn. Ostebbsbo and tho gentlemen whose interests ho represents. Certainly the Chicago merchants and ship pers should encourage tho proposition in every way they can, os calculated to anito more closely than over tho interests of Chicago and tho country to tho west and south of ns. A NAVAL MONSTEB. Wo hove hitherto briefly referred to tho monster iron-clod, tho InJlexU>U t in process of construction in England, as the largest and most powerful war-vessel in the world. She bos now boon safely launched, and this fact has been made tbo occasion of much inter esting discussion in tho English papers os to tho availability and utility of their monster floating citadel, some points of which will prove of interest. Tho first of these is her size and armament. The Inflexible will carry in turrets four 81- ton guns. These turrets will bo protected by 18-inch armor, and tbo oitodol of tho ahip by 21-iuch plating. Tho citadel is 12 foot high, 75 foot brood, and 110 feet long, and incloses tho engines and boilers, tho base of tho turrets, the hydra alio gear, and tho magazines of tho ship. The walls oro 41 Inches thick, made of plates from 10 to 24 Inches thick, with teak between and behind them. Tho ship extends 18 foot below the citadel and 105 feet before and behind it, those portions being utilized in floating tho central citadel. By tho use of hydraulic power the 61-ton guns, it is stated, will bo worked as cosily as tbo 88-lon guns on tho other English vessels. Her displacement, with all her weights on board, will bo no less than 11,407 tons. So much for her size and power. In the construction of the Inflexible there has been a wide divergence from the moth* oda employed in the earlier iron-clads. Those were long and narrow, in the shape of a ci gar. The next that wore built wore consid erably broadened in beam. The Inflexible is almost oval, shorter and broader still, her beam being nearly ono-fourih of her length, and she is divided into throe equal parts, the control part alone being armed, the four guns firing In every direction from the ivo diag onal turrets. The Eliasian vessels of the Popoffka patterns are almost circular ; like wise the now vessels being constructed for the Italian Government in the Oaatclmoro ship-yards. It is very evident, in fact, that if the size of the plating and power of arma ments are to keep on increasing, the circular form must be eventually adopted, after which it becomes an interesting question how much further dimensions and armament con bo in creased without sinking tho vessel. There must be a limitation somewhere, and,-in the present rapid development of ship-building, U is evident that the maximum will soon be reached. How rapidly that development Is , taking place fa shown that before this monster is fairly afloat tho bnildors nro at work upon two monsters still more formida ble for tho Italian Government. These nro tho Damlolo and tho Jhiilio.' They will carry four 100-guns instead of 81*ton guns, and their turrets will bo protected by 22-inoh armor instead of 18-Inch. Worse than this for English pride, tho power of ordnance is increasing also, —a Knurr gun, a few months ago, having pierced a target rep resenting the citadel of tho Inflexible at a distance of a mile. Tho London 2’iWa, in drawing a contrast between tho Inflexible and coast defenses, allows, however, that she Is a far more powerful fortification than the wholo island of Malta, with all its fortifica tions and naturally defensive situation. Tho now Knurr guns arc not tho only dangers to which tho Inflexible is liable. Tho torpedo threatens her, since it is impossible to pro tect every part of tho ship and kcop her afloat, especially those portions below tho water-lino, Tho ram is another danger; but to offset these it is proposed to fight them with rams and torpedoes,—that is, sur round the' Inflexible with a flotilla of rams and torpedo-boats, thus making her a float ing fort surrounded by outlying fortifica tions, as on land a central fort is protected by outlying earthworks. Tho existence of such a monster as tho Inflexible and her Italian companions, the Dandolo and Dutlio, is not very pleasant to contemplate in ease of war between those powers and our own at a distance of two miles from Now York, would hold tho city at its mercy, throwing its 1,700-pouud bolts, ns big as old-fashioned Dutch ovens, while our shore fortifications peppered away at her with bird-shot. Her armor being impervious to our projectiles, aho could defy nil of our fortifications, and make short work of Now York City. To rush into a competition with tho European pow ers, however, in the matter of ship-building would bo a folly. All wo have to do is to lot thorn work away till they roach tho maxi mum, and then build from the best models. , While tho English, French, Gormans, Rus sians, and Italians are experimenting and spending millions of money upon their ex periments, wo must look to tho speed of our vessels and to tho power of our guns, making; tho latter equal to tho best. Then wo haro tho ready reply to those floating monsters. Hundred-ton guns in forts on shore are just as serviceable os 100-ton guns in floating forts. Our coast defenses are tho vital points. Wo havo no colonies to protect, and no necessity, therefore, of waging externa! wars. All wo havo to do is to provide guns of equal calibre and power behind earth works with which to protect our harbors. THE BERLIN CONFERENCE. The conference of the Emperors and Chancellors at Berlin is closed, and thoir memorandum of ogreement has boon com municated to the guaranteeing Powers. It is stated that, while maintaining Count Ah siubsy’s note as the basis, it concedes the consideration of the reforms demanded by the insurgent loaders. The statement os tel egraphed is somewhat blind, but in general terms it may bo considered as favorable to the insurgents, and os paving the way to so aaro the reforms they demanded by ultimoto ly wiping out the Turks. As Count Andas ax’a noto is tho basis of agreement, its pro visions are now important. Tho Austrian Chancellor proposed that the insurgents should lay down their arms and return to thoir homes, and that tho Turks should make no account of their rebellion or punish them for it. On tho other hand, bo proposed that tho Turks should furnish the insurgents with seeds, broad, and shelter until they could raise a now crop; that they should assist them iu rebuilding thoir houses whidh had boon destroyed by fire; that tho local courts should be constituted half Turk and half Ohristiaiff that taxes should bo re mitted to a certain extent; that the payment of taxes should be made in some easier man ner; and that tho Christians should not bo compelled to work upon tho roads any moro than tho Turks. Tho insurgents expressed thoir willingness to accept tho propositions, provided tho guaranteeing Powers would see to it that they wore enforced. Thcso reforms had been promised before, and the promises bod always been broken. They therefore refused to ley down thoir arms until the guaranteeing Powers agreed to enforce the reform. Tile Turkish Government, of course, accepted tho propo sition, as it had no intention of fulfilling It after tho insorgonts had dispersed. It is highly probable, now that tho guaranteeing Powers havo given tho Insurgents assurances, that tho stipulations shall bo enforced. This, however, will bo tantamount to armed interference after all, as the Turks never have, and never will, fulfill thoir promises. In whatever way tho Turkish question is con sidered, there does not acorn to bo but one solution to it, and that ia the expulsion of tho Turks from Europe back to their original territory in Central Asia. The platforms of both wings of tho Ohio Democracy declared “ for a tariff for rev enue only." A bill to carry this idea into effect was introduced into Googross by tho Chairman of tho Woys and Moans Commit tee four or flvo mouths ago, but it Ims been quietly suppressed by tho Democratic party of the House, There ate Uiirteon Demo cratic members in tho House from Ohio and only seven Republicans, but not one of those thirteen Democrats has raised a finger in favor of Mouhibon’s Revenue Tariff bill, or any revenue tariff bill. Not one of thorn has opened his mouth against tho harsh and oppressive “ protective w features of tho present law, nor mode any effort to modify or ameliorate tho special robberies U perpe trates upon consumers. In Btalo Conven tions the demagogues of that party pass btunbpgging resolutions in favor of a tariff for revenue, but In Congress tho samo sort of demagogues quietly uphold prohibitory and oppressive imposts levied for tho bene fit of special interests. Tbs groat Democratic party of Ohio made a fitting moral spectacle of Itself when it put Mr. Kentucky-Railroad-Clalm-Steai Pen dleton in the chair to preside over the State Convention at Cincinnati. Do is a repre sentative man of the highest typo of Democ racy,—that which steals from the Treasury; when caught, insolently wants to know “what you are going to do about it"j and, improving upon the example of Tweed, the inventor of that motto, instead of running awoy, stays to brazenly face it down. Mr. Pendleton coolly plundered the Treasury In the matter of his trumped-up, rejected Ken tucky Central claim against the Government for transportation service that had once boon paid for. He presented it, not in behalf of ihejitookholdors, who, if anybody, were en titled to the proceeds, but of the estate of bis brother-in-law, who had gotten posses sion of the road in fraud of the righto of the true stockholders, as the courts have since determined. On the soon evidently that they were entitled to nothing, the repre. sontAtives of the estate agreed. to shore with Mr. Pendleton whotovor sum he might realize on this fraudulent-claim speculation. To pnt that through ho cunningly speculated on tho lender susceptibilities of the onom, orod Widow Bowen, then Belknap, the whol< constituting the most shameless piece of lob. hying and disreputable petticoat intrigue that has come to light amidst all tho exposures of corruption from the time of Floyd down te Tweed ond tho prosonijpotly plundering Con federate appointees of tho House. Fendletos was therefore appropriately selected to preside over tho Convention of tho Ohio Democracy, who, while putting forward the infamously, dishonest rog.ropudlation programme, an roign corruption in office ond promise reform of tho Civil Service. In bis own person, in the light of tho Kentucky railroad-claim bnsi. ness nod as Chairman of the Ohio Domo oratio Convention, he was a shining illuatra< tlon of tho quality of tho reform pf tho Civil Service that party would give as, and of thi code of public morality that would obtai* under a Democratic Administration. Tho minority report platform which wbi adopted by tbe Ohio DomooroUo Convention bos one singular plank, viz.: 0, A graduated income-tax to meet at least tht premium on gold needed to pay interest on the public debt. Tho duties on imports are sot apsH to pay the interest on ths public debt and tn» ink, ing fund, and whatever may be over is de. voted to general expenses. Those duties are collected in gold, hence there has been no “premium on gold." What necessity is there for a graduated income-tax to pay premium on gold when there is no such premium? Tho resolution's nonsense, and those who supported it did not know what they were voting for, unless they intend to-havo re. ceivcd a depreciated currency for duties, and propose to msko good the loss by re-enacting tho War-tax known os an income-tax. Do the fuglemen who engineered that Oonven. tion suppose tho country would accept so preposterous a scheme ? This Ragamuffin party in National Convon* tion at Indianapolis has presented a most ox* troordinary combination. It has taken on octogenarian from the East, —a man who has passed beyond the memory of ordinary laws, and who in bis second childhood is pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw, and is as vain os a boy with his first pair of boots. For Vice-President it has gone to the Pocifla and taken a man who represents gold. Mr. Boom represents people who do not and never havo recognized paper as money; who buy and sell it as merchandise; who, in the ex clusiveness of their devotion to gold, rofnso oven to take silver, —will only receive trade dollars by their weight as bullion. With these two men representing the utmost ex tremes ou the currency question, they hare patched up a Presidential ticket pledged to the substitution of paper for all other forms of money. Senility and ambition, —and those in the National Centennial 1 OBITUARY, OEORQB A. BENEDICT. The telegraph has already announced tntf dcsith of Ororob A. Benedict, a well-known resident of Cleveland, and for nearly quarter of a century editor of the Cleveland Herald. Bo was a native of Watertown, N. Y., and ohtolncd his education at Yale College. Ho commenced tho practice of tho law in Cleveland in 1853, and for sixteen years mode tho law bis profession, a part of tho time os Clerk of tho Superior Court of that city. In 1851 the Court war ■abolished, and bo then purchased an Interest in the Herald , and catered its service as associate •editor under the Hon. J. A. Harris. A few years afterward Mr. Harris retired, and Mr, 'Benedict succeeded to his position, which h( 'hold to the time of bis death.' Of his cditoral > services his own paper says: In politics bo wan originally a Wlilg; but joined tbc Republican party soon after It** organization, and continued an ndlustent of th&t faith during tha remainder of bis Ufa. Ho was by nature strangely conservative, and that element lu his character ex ercised an Important influence In bln professional career. Mr. Benedict wim an enthusiast in his profession, and felt to the fullest extent the dignity and responsibility of the editorial calling. He vrss fair anu courteous to all with whom Ins business relations brought him in contact, and ho sometimes said lees than a subject demanded for the sake of sparing tho feelings of others. DR. WILLIAM W. HALL. TUo dispatches announced a day or two sine® that Dr. William W. Hall, tho well-known •editor of JTaWt American Journal qf Health and Medicine, who has been laying down hygienic laws so many years for other mortals, dropped dead of an opoplcptlc stroke. Ho was horn In Purls, Ky., Oct 15,1810, and after his gradua tion studied theology. lie preached for tea jeara at Lawrenccburg, Ind., one of bis co laborers being Hembt Waud BBEcnim. At •the end of that time ho abandoned theology and practiced medicine for a. number of years In New Orleans and Cincinnati. Ho settled In New York in 1853, and stout that time began tho publication of bis very successful Jounud oj Health , In which the sdenoo of hygiene was pop ularized. Ho was tho author and compiler of ■thirty-two useful works, tho principal one being "Health at Homo," which still has on Immense drculatlon. Two of his latest works, “Diph theria” and “Pneumonia," are now In press Is Toronto. Of tho cause of his death tho New 'York World says; For many years It was his custom to rise at 6 la tho morning and work almost Incessantly until iv at night. In thin. If In nothing else, violating an Important rulo-of health that ho never ceased to Impress upon others. It was this constant labor that undoubtedly brought about his death. OTHBR PBOfftlS. Among other deaths recently reported are those of Baron VoN Sina, the eminent Austrian banker, who commenced life as a diplomat, oo cupylng tho port of Greek Minister at tho Court of Vienna; of flio Rev. Adrian Loom Rosa- CHANS, one of thu I*uuHst Missionary Fathers, mid eldest son ofiMaj.-Gcn. Rose chans; of tho English Admiral Vbrnon Jackson, who was the original of Mawihtatt’s character of O'Brien In “Peter Simple*; of Gen. Von Corel, tl» last surviving otflccr of the onco slon “Death’s-llcaA Hussars”; of lIARfITCTU Arndt, son of the Gorman poet Arndt, author of “ Was Ist dcr Dcutwher Vaterland?”; of tbs Rev. Eli Ciurlibu, » distinguished clergym* n of the French Protestant Church and on inti* mate personal friend of D'Adhionb, the W* toriau; and of llbnulAlpuonbb EsquWtos,.tbi French poet and romance writer. The war of the rival pathlca—allopathy an® homeopathy—again rages in Michigan. From 1855 until last year the Regents of the Univer sity, In defiance of the statute of the Stale, re* fused to pcrmlt.homcopathy to bo taught In tbs medical school. The Legislature of 1875, how ever, defeated the intolerance of the regulars by making appropriation directly for the establish* ment of a branch homeopathic, medical school, which, accordingly, after a deal of resistance upon the port of the regulars, was done. The branch medical ayhool was incomplete In IUe»» the professorships being merely those of too theory and practice and of tnalerto tnedka, *u which branches of the science only does home opathy differ from allopathy. The regular med ical school was, therefore, forced opeu for tne admission of the homeopathic classes to stuuy therein anatomy, pbyalology, and medical chem istry. Hut withal, the obstinate intolerance « the regulars was neither vanquished nor ou mayed by this apparent triumph of tlm Legis lature of the Bute over professional bigotry after a twenty years* struggle. That home opaths, who according to the allopathic theory areoU wrong, and litUo’ehort of being down right murderers, should Ifo permitted to wcsiT*,

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