Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 20, 1876, Page 10

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 20, 1876 Page 10
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1 HOUSEKEEPING. Another Chapter on Whole' Wheat Flour. Piping from the Pineries of Wisconsin. Heoipes for Making Cookies, Baking Pish, Etc. H6w a Dyspeptic’s Mother Pre- pares His Food. Oread-Preparation Again—Pud. ' clings—Cleaning Oil- cloths. WHOLE-WHEAT FLOUR* To ifie Editor of Tfie Tribune. Hrsb Fauk, May 18.—I wish to correct a statement carelessly rondo In my communica tion of the Cth Inst, as to tho amounts of silica respectively in wheat and oats; tho fig ures there given should have applied to tho ash of those substances. Johnson gives tho amount of silica In wheat at 0.8 parts In 1,000 of suh . stance, and of oats he gives 13.2 parts In 1,000 of • substance, —so that oats contain over forty times os much silica ns wheat. Yourcorrcsjjondcnt, “R,” In your Issue of tho 18th, while In general confirming ami in dorsing my statements ns to tho absolute ne cessity of looking only to Nature, and not to man, for tho supply of elements of food, takes exception to wlmt I said ns to the danger of In troducing tho vital unorganized elements Into tho 83-stcm, and quotes his own ease os an In stance. lie seems to think that what Is medi ans for him must be meat for another. lie over looks tho general question, and argues from his Impressions ns to his own Individual experl cnco (and ho nn Invalid) ns to what tho balance of tho raco should seek to obtain Its vital food. 110 sneaks of getting great benefit from im ho ted flour In two ycars ¥ use. Now, If tho un bolted flour ho used partook of tho character of most of tho “Graham” of nowadays. It Is quite probable that If ho bad had a whole-wheat flour, made from sound, ripe, plump wheat, which only contains tho proper amount of the mineral elements, there would likely have been no necessity for his use of Horsford’s preparations. Assumlhg even that his Impressions and Ideas as to cause and effect In his case are correct, it la but a mere instance of Individual medicinal Experience which might fall of a repetition even with himself, except under precisely similar cir cumstances. Tho nutritive effects of food do not depend wholly upon tho nutritious elements which It contains, but very much upon tho facility with which tho cells arc separated and taken up by toe absorbents; upon its porosity, allowing the digestive fluids to act; upon Its comjntibaitu with the digestive organs. An increased sur face for tho digestive fluids to work upon la promotlvo of digestion. And this Is where Horriord’a substitute for soda *nd cream of tartar, and all good baking-powders that have followed In its wake, as well as soda and pure cream of tartar, arc valuable and useful in place of yeast In domes . tlc.us3>whero convenience, time, and labor saving are considerations In working. They arc sgonts which quickly generate tho needed gas to properly raise, make porous, vesiculate (and thus Increase sun aco for tho digestive fluids to net upon) all preparations of flour In which they are used, principally bis cuit, gems, cake, etc. In so far as these several preparations do this work completely, i without leaving any Injurious residuum In the baked product, they aco proportionately useful, but they arc none them, nor any part of : them, a food In any sense, but simply vcslcu latlng agents, the same ns yeast is, mm none of them will ever supplant good, sweet yeast, lu 1 making bread. There arc broad, strongly-marked, eternal principles underlying this mutter of food or ganization and supply which must not bo lost' sight of nor ignoned, and which It would bo better for both tho%bick and tho well to under stand and net upon more Intelligently than most of them now do. Oxygen, which is Inspired and enters tho blood, and afterwards becomes solidified In the tissues, as well deserves tho name of food as tho broad wo cat. Honce tho Importance of pure idr and proper ventffatlon. inorganic substances wlr.’ch are not combined In organized food by a natural process of growth In tho vegetable cell cannot ho considered food, Although they may circulate In the blood. Animals sicken and die when fed upon tho productions of the chemist , Instead of those from tho alembic of Nature. Mineral substances which enter Into tho for mation of tho tissues of tho body must have been assimilated by the vegetable cell before they can bo made available lor the nutrition of tho animal body, and when Incorporated Into tho animal cell then they con be used us a food by other animal life. Tho formation of food, therefore, lu tho vege table requires the slow growth of time ami seasons,— tho whole of tho forces of nature are brought Into piny to produce It, earth, nlr, water, and sunshine, all combining and con tributing. After made, tho chemist can take It to pieces, —that Is, analyze or disorganize It,—tell Us con stituent parts; but In so doing ho destroys It os a food, because, In c/fcorgonlzlng It, he has destroyed tho living principle which nature Im bedded in tho organization, and ho never can re combine them, or In any way restore that same living, organized food principle. I repeat, therefore, what 1 have before said In substance, that In this domain of food organiza tion, Nature Is supremo and alone, and man is a meddler and a destroyer. Another correspondent, “Haskell,” says In re ply to another communication of mine, that tho “patent” Minnesota Is tho “coming flour.” Tills is Indeed news. Now. there Is no question that a strictly honest “patent” flour Is a better food than common flour, because It contains a larger proportion of the mineral elements than b straight flour from tho sumo wheat. That It Is the “coming flour.” Is simply absurd. Every barrel of “patent” Is made by robbing two or three other barrels of flour of n portion of their best elements, and chemistry snows that thev ore terribly Impoverished without this further depletion. This robbing of two or three Peters to nay Paul Is adding Insult to Injury. Patent “ Hour Is made by high grinding, as it is called, tho mill-stones being run so as to granulate us much as possible of tho wheat— the harder tho wheat the more It granulates, or the less flour thero is made while granulating; therefore the best results arc got In this method from tho hard Hfo or flint wheat of Minnesota. Now, In this granulating, tho softer parts of tho wheat go at once to flour,—how much, depends upon the kind of wheat and skill of tho manu facturer. In tho hard wheats us much os 30 per cent can be granulated; of tho softer wheats less. These granulations or middlings, os tlmv uro called, uro separated from tho flour and bran and purlflcd on bolting cloths arranged for 1 *". and the cleaned granulations or «patent* sour rCffr ° Un<l anii boltcU I,Uo the Under the most favorable conditions of man felKW Iu u lmndrca wm* bo made «? Patent, tho other seventy being poorer Hum they, would bo If tho thirty tokonfrom Uicm were returned back and all mixed togeth er again. How, 1 ask. Is this “patent,” there ,orf, to bo tho coming (lour " I Wlio Is to rat SXSfS™“ ,,,,, ‘ ,U IW< “ r For every barrel o( “patent" that "Has. '.‘f tllal eonsumera Wheat iOT,u«oriTO“for'“thelack 0 "! .“mcthKlg feeding a low a little> better by starving the many B good deal more. We must get away fron,aft iubtorfuges and artifices, amf plant ouWelvel bpon tho only solid, safe and certain ground Wnlcb|ls, an honest flour of tho entire wheat— food UWU baVU ** ot ** aturo ’ 8 best and noblest • And right hero, I wish, for tho benefit of tho roany of your readers who are Interested In the ■upjecU to state somu now and Important facts *»»)«} Investigated. In regard to tbo “ Cold or ° col . l ‘ erQund” whole-wheat lour. It Mill bo remembered that iu tho process sf manufacture of this Hour, the tegumentarv >r tougher bran portion of the wheutds also ru lucedlto fineness. In actompllslUng this rcduc don, tbo manufacturers have encountered dlUl tulty n so controlling tho operation us to pre . rent top groat a disintegration of the softer ports of tuo wheat: the tendency has been to P™?“ thU, and make the .olle/ e tl “hyparta tatWdoSm, 0 evo “ ly ' uuUorml J'>strongly n.y> 0 «. A° ur I*** heretofore been all that could bo desired as a sweet, whni.. mlneral ‘ eiat | l(ul . tooJ > I““M‘l"g ell the mineral elements of tho wheat. It opracwliat. dltllcult to work properly an< * **a» not made so light and jpongya loafastho manufacturers have dS Ured| and m would have hotter, suited the greater number of consumers. After gome months of patient experiment and effort, they have at length completely solved the problem, and have Just got tnclr new machinery and Im provements Into partial operation by which a more perfect . equalness of mechani cal division of the harder and softer parts of the wheat is produced, and a flour re sults that works ns an even, homogeneous moss, making a lighter, spongier, and larger loaf from the same amount of flour, with the same case and certainty In working ns with white flour. Also, It more completely than before adapts' lids flour to all the other purposes of cooking | for Which flour Is used In tho family., This seems to ho tho one thing needed to popular ize this flour. For, when It la taken Into consideration that It Is nmdo of tho highest grade of wheat only; that It Is all of tho berry after thorough cleaning and scouring; that ft contains all of tho food elements of the wheat In their entirety and purity; and lastly that It can bo made Into light, spongy bread tho same us while flour, and also used for all other pren amtlons—tt Is easy to see Hint lb will ho used wherever It becomes practically known, and the Importance of pure and wholesome food is ap preciated. yy, 8. 8 PIPING FROM TUB PINERIES, To the Editor of The Tribune. Bad Claiiib, Wls., Mny 10.—Your last week’s "Housekeeping” correspondence Is particular ly Interesting, and some of It quite amusing. “ E. E. 8.” Is not so hopelessly “ help-less ” hut she hursts Into song over her woes, nod winds up at a high heroic pitch,—which Is plucky ami commendable. Poor “F. E. C.” bents down “parsley” under his feet as If It were Satan himself, and Intimates that no such Insidious flavoring Is going to drag him down to n drunk ard’s grave, If ho knows hlmscltl Let “F. E. C.” continue to bo vigilant I There’s celery to be guarded against, likewise salsify, and the insinuating cucumber, that cru long will bo slaying Its thousands I I am anxiously walling for the Coming Flour. I do not like bran, and at tho samo time 1 shrink from the line, while, beautiful bread that has no “brain” lull. Occupying high neutral ground, I subsist on oatmeal, rice, and corn starch, ami wait until tho crowned heads of Bclcucc shall decide what Is tho best form of breadstuff. To my crude mind It seems ns If the whole kernel ought to bo eaten,—because It Is all there, ready for us. If wo do not require “cellulose” and “salts” ns well as “starch” and “nitrogen,” it Is a great pity, for wheat Is of such thoroughly established habits wo can never expect anything belter from It. I like “Mrs. faarah L.,” whoever or whatever “ Mrs. Sarah L.” mny bo. Hy whatever, I mean whether man or woman. She has such a crisp, direct way of turning out her Ideas, I think she mi«< bo a woman. Her very words have a relish as of olives and Halford sauce. Ami yet she is so clear-headed and sensible, I’m afraid she Is a man I Ilcliig a woman iny solf, and being much exasperated by all this “woman” talk that pervades the literary and scientific world.—as if we were some sort of curious recent discovery, Instead of being only a day or so behind Adam himself,—l like to witness these Increasing displays of senslhlcncss ami clearheadedness in womankind; and, “bv the samo token,” I rather enjoy tho wild ami Incoherent rejoinders that follow “ Mrs. Sarah L.’e” gaily prodding pen. Next to a bright woman! like a stupid man I Doth combine to avengoj as It were, the old monotonous fling of Dear “Stroll L. t ” your nice, Intelligent, artistic way of cooking fa a liberal education to any young housekeeper who is wrestling, with her llrst dinners, and trying to make every thing <in fait for tho one bright particular man she lives with. I Imagine your letter of the 11th already scissored out and neatly pasted into at least a thousand honeymoon scrapbooks, while cups of your Mochn-luu coffee two being lifted to iw many appreciative lips, and the Maudes and An gelinas are being beamed upon as only young husbands’ eyes can beam, and railed Just the blcssodeat little cooks In the world! You write, dear “ Sarah L.,” fora world of leis urely housekeepers—like yourself. Cooking with you, I’ll wager, means going Into a neat and orderly kitchen, kept bo bv your well trained girl, and creating your delicious things even as u poet goes to his study and writes poems! You wear, I dare say, a neat morning dress, with clean qfap rutiles, u gay little “ Ceil teunlol ” cap that shows the curia on your fore head. and u large white apron. Tho bye-bye " whisk of your husband's must ache, as he Ides down town, touches your placid, perchance smiling, mouth, and his last glimpse of you Isn’t, In a word, a terror. You go Binging In and out of storeroom mid pantry, gaily beating eggs and whipping cream —lf life vouchsafes you cream—Jubilantly con centrating yourself on some marvelous good thing for dinner, taking pride—as you have a right to—ln making It tho perfection of a good thing; and after It Is accomplished you can wash your hands, and not the dishes, and go tra in* ng away to your pet plants, or u hook, or a walk, or u hit of attractive sewing. I perceive all tho beauty and sweetness of tins sort of housekeeping.—for of course your genius pervades tho whole house and It Is all pronounced “good.” I admire tho brushed halr-cleon-collar-whltc-apron way of going about things,-the careful, nice, picturesque creation of a dinner,—the pure, sunny, artistic arrangement of rooms; hut In Heaven’s name think how Impossible It all Is to that great army of housekeepers of largo mnf In creasing families who do their own work mid have little time to do any one thing perfectly. I am bound to this army by ties of profoundcst sympathy. So far from obtaining leisure to measure the boiled milk of my old sweetheart’* rrench-flltercd Mochn-HIo, or ornamenting the edges of my platters with geometrical sections of tho potato, it Is tho aim of my life to secure the coffee and potatoes, lu any ehaiie, on time I If, simultaneously, the cloth Is dean ami straight!? laid, the gloss and sliver bright, and tho butter not “forgotten,” I feel vaguely grateful.—os If I would like to thank somebody nr something for so many mercies I Generally, however, there Is something to lacerate the peace-loving, beauty-worshiping artistic bou! that lives within my savage housekeeping breast. A baby’s dear hut dirty face has been overlooked, or—being otherwise faultless—ho onsets a pitcher of milk hurriedly left too near him; or tho cakes burn; or I catch my beloved’s eye scanning the dimmed steel of thohread-knlfe; or I fall to thinking of the demoraHzhig effect of hastily waking, hastily dressing, and hastily preparing vnbeau tlfnl breakfasts, mid Well, what can ho done for ust What shall we—tho army—do to bo saved I I feel u grim and composed Interest In tho possible advice which the leisurely reader mny offer. I have often read the sort. It does no good. Ami 1 don't want anybody to tell me to “simplify.” or to “take time by the forelock,” or, ‘‘above all, don’t fret 1” 1 can endure much, but not i l . .J ,ccm . IRO of my superhuman ability to simplify’* and to rise with the lark that I still «i X r!nb. t never "fret”—being only occa sionally explosive, os at present. Some paragon dLn i°i u ’ l ty “ niotllcr of M,no cfiil urui, and doing her own work—will bo sure to how serenely and cleverly the manages to make peace, and order, and bcautv. draw round her their eternal lawl It will all sound verv fine. Ihu I want to Inform be" In advance that I don t believe a word she Ims to Bay * —Mbs. Emily. USEFUL UECIVES. 2b the Editor The Tribune. Baiuhoo, Wirt., May W—Your housekeeping department la, 1 llml, creating quite an excite ment, and even in our little town Saturday's TlnnDKB Is hailed with delight. And why not I Strong men nud strong-minded women may laugh at our Interest In the culinary art, but, to my mind, a woman’s cduea'tlon la sadly Incom plete until she perfects herself In a thorough system of housekeeping. Inm striving, though for from reaching that point ns yet. A woman of beauty and culture, belonging to this age, and adorned with all the modern Improvements, makes a grand mistake when she Imagines mus cle and brain are too distinct to ho associated. Surely the more vigilant a married woman is In perfecting herself In all that goes to make a good wife, a good mother, and a good house- BUOIl u, r b!, .° I 1 ’” 111 herself an econo mist of time, She tlnds labor no longer a drudgery, because she has learned to nuntm. wiimfeoml"™ B|llrlt <O,,OW ‘ fttm. In short, Where good common sense and culture go hand f?,lCv’ “‘"fort issure to 1, .r ™ i dot ‘ notfoUow 11,111 “ lady must be wash hot o'?‘'’ ln oi‘' bl ; cuusu allu knows how to . I 1 Is without a doubt absolutely neccs- I btMimm ill 0 s'mald know how things ought to prowrlv lod 1 ?,". We 0 ' lor ImuseholS sXdVmi , 4 r., 'e°o a ,' , s^nisr SidTallS &, WJ - “Ill'SifeTmlla hard rubbing wltli a coarse L towU Si will e,.mu mit, ’a“ ('acn uttadc/rum u cuod. utroiif* u ‘* l « u,, “ win make it look Ilk'S uew!‘A UttVo war,u brT water will generally remove grease-Malus i lor white faint nothing Is more vlleetual.' The THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SATURDAY. MAY 20, 1876—TWELTE: PAGES. water Is prepared by scalding In tho proportion of 0 gallons of water to 3 quarts of bran. Strain after settling. The paint is never removed by hard rubbing, even if soap Is added when neces sary. I used a piece of 011-cloth eight years In a hall constantly, and often had spots of bind to bo removed, but! waited for It to dry, and then cleaned as above doscribcd-nl ways polishing with an old chamois cloth. If you will try my ginger-snaps, here Is the recipes One cup or molasses, I cup of brown sugar; cup of lard and butter melt ed together, 0 tnblcspoonfuls of ginger, 1 teaspoonful of cinnamon; H lenspoonfui of cloves; 1 teaspoon of soda dissolved in half n ‘■ U P of boiling water; thicken with flour; roll and bake. An excellent cookie recipe: One cup of but ter; 3 cups of sugar; 4 eggs? 4 cups of flourp 8 tablespoons of milk; 8 teaspoonfuls of bak ing-powder. Rub the flour and butter thor oughly together; cream tho butler and sugar; beat the eggs separately; add to tho above, with a little nutmeg and cinnamon, or snv seasoning preferred. 81ft In the flour nncT baking-powder, ami add enough flour to mold and roll out. These cookies will keep fresh two weeks, and If the milk is left out, a month. Raked flsh: Seale, wash, and wipe dry, Inside ami out, a3or 8 pound flsh. Make a stulllng as follows: One pint of grated bread; Stable* spoonfuls'of moiled butter; pepper and salt to fuslo; 1 raw egg; a little celery salt; one onion, dumped fine, Is, to my taste, an Improvement but can be omitted If not liked. Care should be taken not to wot the bread-crumbs; tbo egg and melted butter will moisten sufildentry. lie oyer the fish thin slices of salt pork; ill! a drlpnlng-pan half full of hot water; then, if you linvonotawlregrate. place the gridiron on your pan, and after laying your Jisb on the gridiron cover all with another pan; bake In a hot oven till tho pork Is well shriveled; then remove the upper tin, allowing your flsh to bro wn. One and a hair hAurs will cook thor oughly, If a steady fire Is kept. ™ wl as /°i r i a , mc . s Tnk< ? 1, ? lf a Pint of milk and the flsh drippings mixed; a little salt and pepper; mix until smooth, two ounces of butter ami two teaspoonfuls of flonr; stir Into tho liquor when boiling; have ready a hard-boiled egg, chopped line, to add when ready for tlie table. J It s late In the season to offer a recipe for cooking cranberries, but your Interested house keepers need not be loth to lay by the reclne for next winter, ns I can boldly declare It a never-foiling one: One pound of cranberries washed and picked over one by one, so as not to put In any soft or decayed ones; ono pound of granulated sugar; a half pint of 'voter. 1 lace the half pint of water and sugar on the ramro to boll, sitting constantly; when boiling hot, throw in the berrlcs-thcy will soon heal through and begin to burst: stir continually till well cooked; It will take about ten minutes after all begins to boll; throw in a mold, pre v|ouglv dlpped ln cold water and not dried,- and set till the following day. Tho above redno makes the cranberries neither too add nor :oo sweet—will Invariably turn out like •Jelly—but Is far nicer to eat with urkey, game, or poultry, as you have tho full berry. I often prepare ten pounds at a time,' mid t keeps perfectly, by pasting paper over tho molds or bowls, six or eight weeks. Always use porcelain kettles for cooking fruits in. Mbs. W. 8. 0. rooD rou invalids. Ta lie Sillier nr Tie Tribune. Chicago, Mny 18.—I have been greatly Inter ested In Tno TuinuNE’s Housekeeping Depart ment, but more particularly to that which per tains to cooking for the sick. lain, and have been for a long period, most emphatically a dys peptic. As perhaps some of my mother’s ex- ■ pcrlencc In preparing food for myself may be of some service to others, I offer the following; In cooking rice, she mokes It a rule to use two (2) heaping tablcspoonfuls of tho article to one (I) tcacupful of equal parts milk and water, adding a little salt. Put In a double boiler, and cook one hour to one hour and a half. Do not slfr in the least. Wien Uikcn up It should bo of about tho consistency of good, old faaldoncd Christian hash. Tho matter of success with rlco nil depends upon so proportioning the wetting to tho quantity of rice used, that It shall come out with the Scr consistency, and with each Individual » bitact, completely 1 swelled, and well cooked. V\o cannot observe that soaking the rlco Is of any particular advantage, except that It docs not require cooking quite so long, ui n* 1 ? y sc , H? uf l * or a change from “broiled steak rare,” she has It prepared for mo os follows; Take rother lean (but tender) steak; mince fine, and to each tcacupful of minced meat add an equal bulk of cold water, and two (2) heaping tablcspoonfuls of pearled sago. Mix thoroughly, and cook In double holler two (2) hours or longer. Stir occasionally during the first half hour, and oddsalt toward the last. Let the consistency bo about tho same as that of tlie rlco os above. If the stomach will hoar It, cream may bo used as o dressing. I have made this preparation a standard for some years, and there have been times when I do not know how I could have lived without It. lam satisfied that many times u stomach that cannot digest tho moat tender steak will take care of this preparation with comparative case. It is obviously highly nutritious. In bad cases do not use meat streaked with fat. lUght'hcro I would like to say that an far aa my experience goes, I find nutritious, well-cooked plain food better than “husks.” Graham fiour, corn-meal and oat-mc«l are all too Irritating. In so far ue I have tested attrition Hour, I think well of.lt. io soft boll eggs, have the water boiling hard, and plenty of It; remove tho kettle to the hearth just os you put the eggs In, allowing them to remain five minutes, Dy this method they will cook through cvcnlv. mm I' 11 10 burdened only to the mini- lor a simple and easy, also probably the best method of nmk'ng beef tea, mlnec fine lean. Juicy beef (the first cuts off the round are the best); add an equal hulk of cold water, mix thoroughly, and let stand one hour; then’hcat 1 ?n t( l th ? b „ oil,n S *P° lnt ’ Bt,rrin ff now and tll?ougli ",{SS! V ° ° r tc " nil " ul “. ma “train Ono thing more. Until recently I have never hail the courage to try using tho whites o( eggs holloa thirty minutes, hut, having done so, wild, to recommend them for trial. In my case, thov uro certainly easy ol digestion, and doing mb good. Separate tho whites from tho yolks of os many eggs as you wish to use, pouring the same i^£A u OT,#& , " lM - “““ There are other suggestions I might offer, but I have probably already made the communica tion 100 hmg. I should like very much to hear from others who are hi the same boat as myself. “ Draws!*." BREAD PREPARATION. To the £dltor of The Tribune. Lakh Fobest, 111., .May 18.—If business men, literary persons, uml ministers, when they : begin to lose thdr vigor and And their brains especially fulling them from supposed overwork,i would resort to food containing a plenty of nl trutesuml phosphates, adding thereto biscuit and Graham gem-cakes, made with UoAford’a bread preparation, they would much less fre quently bo compelled to resort to traveling to recuperate. Their brains fall them not so much from overwork os for wont of brain food In tho shape of phosphates. Tho mind can' no more act vigorously and effective* 1 ly without tho brain being fed with this kind of nutriment than a laboring man can do a good day’s work on a quarter allowance of food. Tho children and youth In our schools’ and seminaries fall of accomplishing what they might, and nro frequently compelled to relin quish their studies entirely, because their brains are starved of phosphatlc nutriment. Tims, through every rank of society, old and young, life la to a great extent proving a failure for 'rn!! wVf u bct w r pledge of urn laws of life* A||® , t»or “nd force of each succeeding gcncra °.“ nccount of the retine nffi 0 the substitution of In nutritions for nutritious food. The people are becoming prematurely old and Invalids. P edbv tlill r «.S. u !iS 0 7* nnd when eonOrm us tUo 4 ire St. fifnV? n"Vl ?al,on * of 6,,ch u »«» l U * l u great chemist Liebig, are worthy of mn slilcrutloii. Writing to I’roV. HorsfoK saw’ w l ‘A l tll *l preparation of yours aids sidd to the writer that shs was constantly grow ing weaker and weaker, ami her mind was hL coming so Impaired that her n I thought she would have softening of {lie br!dll and die. iho trouble was she was starving to death, and working her ntensely wUbout feeding ItT I said to hS ‘‘Get Graham llour, oatmeal, extract of mem and Ilorsford’s preparation, ami live on these bho did so, and in three months she said shu was never better In her life. Her muscular strength had returned, and her mind resumed t s wonted vigor nnd elasticity. She now affirms that it wua tho best prescription ever given her A gentleman whoso business required much mental application complained that he was growing weak, mid his mlud be coming so impaired that he could A uu,io , Ws mathematical calculations, uml thought ho must resort to'travel! At the end'of a mouth he sold UiAt it hud mads b uctf mui of him. Ho no longer needed travel. His strength and vigor had been restored. ' ° Another gentleman said that formerly ho waa stronger than any of bts compeers, but that now his strength had failed him. Ills Intellect had become so weak that some of his acquaintance called him Insane. Tho same advice was given, and after a few months, meeting his adviser, ho told him that It had revolutionised Mm. The restoration of these persons was not to be ascribed to any ono thing, but to everything combined; and the bread preparation ought to receive an equal share of credit with the others, as I think I have a right to Infer from tho fol lowing eases: A package of the powder was given fo a min ister. After rising It he said ho wanted more, lie seemed to think hocouldnot get along with out Its dally use. It Invigorated his brain to i such an extent that ho could study ami write with much greater facility and ease. An Invalid lady whose mind sympathized with her body to such on extent that she could not pack a trunk without producing great nervous excitement and mental prostration, after using biscuit made of tills preparation three years said she thought It had done more to restore tier efso t 0 a S °° J condition than anything Many persons fall In trying to make loaf bread with It, but any ono accustomed to the use of ordinary baking-powders can succeed In making biscuit or Graham gem-cakes with this. It Is far superior to ordinary buklmr-powdcrs for cake, os the eako will keep moist so much longer. . . K. PUDDINGS. ETC. To the Editor of The Tribune. Chicago, May 18.— Allow me to extend my thanks to “XX.” for that excellent recipe for rolls, which was given a short time ago; I want no bettor recipe ibr rolls than that. In return, I offer tho following well-tried recipes, which I trust will bo acceptable s French Toast; Beat three or four eggs; sea son with salt nml pepper; have ready some thin slices of bread; dip them Into the eggs, and fry them In lard (or after frying ham) until of a light brown. Another method of cooking eggs and bread together Is to crumb the bread some, as for dressing; mix It with three or four beaten eggs: season, and fry unlit thoroughly done; or mold with the hands Into calces, and fry until of a light brown. Either of the above dishes form u pleasant addition to the morning’s repast. I Centennial ” Prune Pudding, originated In ! 18701 Heat a little more than 1 pint* of sweet milk; when boiling, Air In gradually the follow ing: One largo spoonful cornstarch (or 2 of hour, If more convenient), mixed smoothly with a fcmall quantity of cold milk; add 3 or 4 well beaten cgtfs; enough sugar to swealen; 1 tea spoon butter, and a llftlu grated nutmeg. Lot this corpc to a boll. Then pour it Into a well buttered .dish, adding 1 teacup seeded prunes just before placing in the oven; bake about twenty minutes. The prunes must be previous- , ly stewed until tender. Servo with or without sauce ns Is preferred. Kico pudding; A Bcnnl H teacup wcll-wnslicd rice; 1 pint milk; Iplnt cold water; Jrflcaeun sugar; small piece of butter; flavor to suit taste. Boko about two hours in a moderate oven; No sauce is required. One teacup of raisins, or samo of currants, will make a verv ruji pudding If added to the above recipe. Cream cake (delicious): Two tablespoons butter; 3 teacups sugar; Oeggs; U teacup sweet milk; 3 tablespoons cold water; 2 tea cups flour; 3 teaspoons of baking-powder; bake quickly oir three or four round tins. The “cream” for same is# pint milk; U teacup sugar; small piece of butter; legg; X table spoon of corn-starch. 801 l until very thick: when nearly cold, flavor with vanilla; when the cakes arc cool, put them together with It. Silver Cake: One teacup while sugar; one half teacup butter; whites of four eggs; two thirds teacup sweet milk: two teacups flour; two teaspoons baking-powder; flavor. Gold Cake: Same ns above, using the yolks of the four eggs, and adding one whole egg. Currant Cake: One-half cup butler; one of sugar; two eggs; one-half cup milk:'one and one-half cups flour; one and one-half tea spoons baking-powder; one cup well-washed currants, stirred lu the lost thing. This Is verv good. 3 Soft Gingerbread: One teacup sugar; one teacup butter; one teacup idblosscs; three °o£ 8 (yolks and whites beaten separately until very light); one cup sweet milk; four teacups Ilnur; three teaspoons baking-powder; one tablespoon ginger; one grated nutmeg. Bako ,or lurffc brea(l P«*» a moderate oven. At 1 . ?K* C ?»° give recipe for steamed In dian pudding? and accept thanks of I‘. 1». C. HOME-MAKING. * ™ tf >« Editor q/ The Tribune. Chicago, May 10.—I am very much Interested In the Housekeeping Department of your paper. Though housekeeper, nurse, and mald-of-ull work In my own family, and of course must know a little about such things, It Is the first time In my life that I have written anything on this all-important subject. Yes, all-imporlant, for while eating and drinking will always take a high rank In domestic matters, there are many other things which appertain to housekeeping and home-making. The highest aspirations, the holiest, the purest earthly affections of both man and woman must centre within the home, and to make our food palatable and digestible it must be seasoned with kindness, cheerfulness, and good will, causing us to dwell In an atmosphere conducive to the health of body and spirit. Often In the heat and toll of earning money or preparing , food, wo lose sight of this fact, and, where the i fault is often repeated, love, the wine of life, runs out. life’s roses turn to ashes, and, though 1 wocat thohest, wo mo not truly living. Oh I troubled, vexed man from the business of the day, or tired little woman to whom your many cares are almost n problem you cannot solve, havei you ever known what It was to have across worn or sour look spoil your dinner! Ahl there Is a peculiar aroma that some people hate, a faculty of distilling with thole, food, mid within that chamber of my soul where 1 keep all treasured things I have kept the memory of I two moots, ono a supper of simple Indian mddlng and milk, prepared by the mother of a argo and Intelligent family wno was cheerfully hwirmg the reverses of fortune, the other with a highly 1 cultivated lady, ono who would never grow old, and with her stories of the gifted ones with whom in her youth Shu had associated, she dispensed her fragrant tea, nice bread and but ter, and strawberries and cream, with her own Hfng* standing hi the first plnco In my bright girlhood, and the second In my questioning wifehood and motherhood, I remember think ing that the Ideal and tho real had truly met In those ladles’ kitchens. Tolmvoapuro atmos phere In your home, you must uot encourage slang or profanity there. It has saddened mo to hear women, women capable of better things, repeat oaths In conversation which they might have made what they had heard Just os plain to mo by leaving those out. I wish to tell tho lady who asked information, to clean her oilcloths with sweet milk and tho color would not fade. I would thank Airs. Sarah L. for her directions about making soup, but could not agree with Mrs. Sarah C. in throwing away tho palatable soup incut, or gtv- I Ing It to tho dog, because many of us do not keep, and are disgusted with, tho average city dog. If there was less throwing away, but care In cooking tho right quantity, thpn, while fresh, making what Is loft Into ■ some palatable dish! wo would not hear so much about American ex travagance In cooklug. The lady’s plan for tak ing card of dry bread Is excellent. However, wo should hake often and have os little drv } a inclusion I would ask “Tho beat unprofessional cook In Chicago" why she prefers boiled milk Instead of cream for her coffee. \\ o think cream a necessity for 1 our 9. Aunt Emma. CLEANING OILCLOTHS. 20 the Kditor of The Tribune. Chicago, May 18.—Wash with warm water; 150 deg. hot cracks tho varnish. Soap luncccs saiyln smoky districts, though it cannot bo used without dulling tho colors somewhat. If o sponge Is used, examine thoroughly fl n el i a ’ thQ y BCmtcl ‘ tho varnish. i°i d, fA thus removed, rowosh tho ?n cct 1111I 1111 * m " 1 "'“ter; then wipe dry. Tho milk niukos the surface smooth; dirt does not catch readily to It; tho oil lu tho mUk tends to restore tho colors. Gentlo friction M\ a^S sl,k .^? kerch,ofwm fflvo a polish which children delight to slip dowu upon. . Mua.F.M. F. QUEEN OF PUDDINGS, To IS. Editor of Tb. Tribun., Obnbva, HI., May 10.—First holl’aoft one pound of raising; then put two quarts of now milk over the lire; when nearly boiling, add half a pint of corn-meal, wet up In one-half pint of cold milk; atlr It till It bolls; then turn It In your pudding-dish, wlileh must bo largo enough ,wW four <l u F& Thcu 11(111 on « quart of sirup, ono-lialf pound of butter, five eggs 11 \' 01 .'. e tablcspoonful cinnamon, ouo a,l8 P k ' c j ka, f vt a nutmeg, and naff of a teaspoouful ginger. Then add iho “Sit '» «"l oven °A oura n Lut 11 onu llour before eating. A smaller quantity than thin will not WSMs wteu ,mm ' “ nd - Wto* Wij of yprt Vntynfc to kaowliow to bake Ash. I will clvo tier mv wav! First din Itqnlckly In liollliift wnlcrl then wipe ttm bcblm Jill ,Sr. 0 , ".,'""‘'ri wlpo It ifry: sprinkle M , °th Inside and out, about as much as you would for Bleaks, Then dip it In flour: place tho pan Hint you aro going to Imko It in In the stovo with n piece of butter In ft tho slab of on egg. Lot It melt ho that it covers tho pan. Your mn should bo about the length of your fish: If larger, tho butler will bo apt to burn. Place your fifth In It, IhO Inside of It noxi to the pan. Put It In n hot oven, and bake ono hour. If It Is n Inrftc fish, less lime If smaller. It should bo well done and of a nice brown color. Mns. e. tl. COOKIES. Tn the Editor or The Tribune. Mendota, 111., May l7.—Somo ono writing for tho Housekeeping Department asks for a re cipe for cookies that will keep. 1 send one which I think sho will like: One cup butter, and four of flour; rub well together; then add 1 teaspoon of soda; heat cup sugar and3eggs; mix all together; boll thin, and bake. A plainer kind t Ono egg, 1 cup sugar, % cup butter, X cup sweet milk, % teaspoon soda, 1 teaspoon cream tartar; flour to mix soft. Cheap ginger cookies: Ono cup molasses, 1 cun brown sugar, 1 cup warm water, 1 cup lard, 3 tablespoons ginger, 1 tablespoon soda (dis solved In water), 1 teaspoon powered alum, put In last. Mix soft. Bake quickly. 1 Cllnger breads One and one-hulf cups butler, (or lard), I cup boiling water poured over It, d cups baking molasses, 3 teaspoons soda, 3 tea spoons ginger; flour to make about like cakc- Imttcr. Spread molasses over the top while hot, after It Is baked. This Js'imt rich, hut very good If eaten fresh. It Is not so good when three or four days old. b Mna, M, RED ANTS. To, the Editor qf The Tribune. Boston, Muss., Mny 15.—Tim Ilousokccplnff Department of your Saturday Issue Is interesting as well as valuable. 1 wish some of your read ers would Inform mo how to rid a house of red nnta * J. I). 11. THE CAHNIVAL IN CALLAO, How They Celebrate the Season In South America—A General Drenching* The Cleveland (O.) Herald print* a letter from Mrs. Henry 8. Wctmorc, who write* from Callao, Peru, as follows: “The merry season of carnival la Just over! Farewell to the llcnli, the world, and the devil' wn* announced amid tho most hilarious and charac teristic sports. For weeks before tho eventful dava r *i? a i U of tb< ? * nß Pi™tlon of coming fcstlvl tlcfl. All classes and ages were busily engaged In ° I , , rHCCS . s resulting In the forma tlon of stcarlnc upon hunches of grapes, tiny can* non, clc„ which, when filled wlthwator Sen pro nounced ready for use. • Tho cook In tlio kitchen greeted baskets of eggs with approval, but, Instead of opening them ns a civilized cook should, made a hole in each end of the Shetland blew tho con* lhein wlth ‘Floridawater, ’ pa,,or ov °rtlio nporturo, laid them aside for nnsonever intended by nature Iho sedate man, the rheumatic, tho young oxqnls- Itc, and especially tho man of delicate nervous or* £““' z _ a A u< ™. found it convenient to take n short sen 'pyage tollsco orsotno othsr near port, while othcrshlcdnwny to the mountains, TuO Sunday prcvlbns to Ash Wednesday being the opentog of the carnival—the exercises commencing soon after ll J? fiß n' v ? c °ald have but the forenoon service in the Protestant chnrcb; Snbbath-school and tho evening service yielded to the pressure of verp°worlt | B custom. Sunorlta*. aenora*, and children, hiding on balconies, peering out from behind screens, darling auddcnljr from all manner of strange places on the roofs pelted egg-shells and 1 n Mcrg , b y- tl, ° flt, CKy Pieces of shell . fastouldg themsolvcs upon the face, hair, and clothing of the victims. Tho sweetness of tho accompanying showers of deli cate perfumery, It seemed to us,’could hardly compensate for such rudeness. The cautious no* ‘ urine carnival, takes the mlddloof the ♦i r n nu dwlth an umbrella off the spring, ready n any direction, thinks /.Imself vveft protected. Put suddenly some powerful syringe ol, S ft rcftm °f,'vatcr from an unsuspected ■ciurue, and the sparkling drops fall around him llhoamlmio rain-storm; Ills scowls and other demonstrations of displeasure avail nothing, and itm b mn?«r y 2 n ’ to encounter, perhaps, a still more formidable drenching. The natives cn %ii* c i fu i n m c » rUl ft runn,n ? Ino gauntlet with nn (.uualed skill, luugtung at this one, shrugging their tiSSLIs? 0t { i mt ?. ao * P°l UI, P back their pTnfall/lng !S c " tors .? vhon lh °yF l 0 ehanco, and with their tl ° f ftfpndo, reach a height of enjoy- Vn! 1 } «J, L il S n xc,lb .° Pcoplccnn hardly understand. y?,ry. e “ r 'y next morn ng the children awoke in niif A?. to *. f °. x n |°n»onlovor the expected fcstlv , o .c h Hdron ~ n u, ° neighborhood wero c tcd * no , u ßh water lay secure in egg shells and cutcaronct In our house to causa a del uge on a Before tho hour for break f] 10 clothing of each child was thoroughly soaked, and soon after breakfast they were satur attd again. At 11 o’clock our little 7 boy was In ' I }Ss \° o neighbors to play camlvnl, all the family participating In tho wild sport. Tho throwing of water was not confined to tho garden, but rooms handsomely furnished and halls rlclily carpeted were thrown open regardless of the damage that WO k I< .U c ' ,u,t * rom u, ° I )lR y- The actors, (Tressed in bathing costumes, exorcised their skill and sub tle stratagems for more than an hour, and sur prised each other with ill manner of curious wavs nf applying tho water. Accordlngto tho custom of the country, after tho conflict was over and tho purtlclnants had changed their clothing, tho lady of tho house served a Innch of delicious viands 7 T»°r«d fl h J C nn.i, t f U ? e ."'“cetnbliahed for a fow hours! Tuesday night being the lost of tho carnival, tho excitement reached Its height. Foreigners ns well as noth us entered Into the’sport with energy. The residence wo occupy ha* a flat roof, like most houses In this country, and upon It gentlemen and cct i to ? vov . cn f 10 t,lolr pent-up mirth. They not only drenched each other, but threw buckets full of water upon unfortunate persona passing by on the pavement below. Those who thought themsolvcs safe In passing at a distance were reached with tho aid of tho hoso. Bright n«l(or^l pu i' tH ' vcr P a 1 " 0 brought into requisition, °m unfortunate women wero attired lu nil tho colors of tho kaleidoscope. Ono very grotesque picture presented Jtuolf to us. A full grown Topsy. with face, hair, arms, hands and garment* stained a slcy-blno, was seen across tho street chasing three elegantly-drcsscd Englishmen. Both hands wero full of bine paint to bo thrown over them, should she bo fortunate enough to overtake them. Their man. nor toward her was tantalizing, and ter motions quite fanciful as they danccll around herf Now they would halt and now Mart off on tho full JP). o .* * 'i ml, J r . t b e y disappeared around a corner at fnll speed, ond ‘Totwy' after them, leaving upon our minds a carnival scone not easily forgotten Home idea of tho utter abandon of everybody dnr ng the season may bo gained-from tho following Incident: A day or two before carnival o young lady anticipated sho occasion by having n little play with her dentist. Hu was putting a very nest ® i n ?iei f lll I ,nto 0 tooth—ono of those d&cato and dlfllcult pieces of work of which a dentist is so proud—and had braced his nerves to a breath- V [ ,, I C P lbe young Indy quietly paused hfJ?I!?\ n . ro * nd 1m * 0H ? bringing her liana up to hl« car Imrsta caiearone Into It I Ho said It sound cdllko a thnndcr-clapT Tho water ran down his ear ami neck ; his nerves received a shock such ns no electric battery coidd have given blm. Tho young Indy a neat filling was spoiled, the work had to bo done over again, ond tho father had a big bill THE GIFTS OF-SPRING. DrightSpring. with her garland, Is fast hasting O’er mountain and meadow, and woodland so drear: boon 11m bads ’ll bo bursting, and fields all iii TbonSpilng, with her treasures, by all shall bo 0 happrl all hall the®! thon beauteous, fair belle: i homo near tho Tropics thou comoat to Xi ? *’! | l, ° Northland, whoso pleasures fly fast " bile basking In sunshine when Winter is past. Wo think, when thy sister, sweet Bummer, shall com e, The horvest a!l enthored, and reapers gone home, \\ o sbull nigh with regret for days that are done, Ami tbo gifts you brought us Ho faded and gone I Then linger, sweet Sprlngllmo-ohl stay with us long! • * Illd tho hills and tho valleys burst forth Into song: Lot Iboslnglng brook*flow with nmrm'rlngßnrlncs. And birds Hying low shall dip thotr bright wings! 110 flow’rlng blooms swoctor, tho buds and tho bolls; And fairer than fabled and famed asphodels: u/i!.°.V Pleasuresenhanced for ns bo, With thy gifts, lovely Spring, so rich, bright, and xruo * ZINOU, THE POET. Apollo, Jovo’s and fair Latona’sson, Opd nf the Prophet's and the Poet’s art. I ho deftest adept with tho bow and dart, Hhllo braggingol ChePylhon-conciucstwon, Was Pricked by spiteful Cupid In hiefun, And for tbo gentle Paphtio felt tho smart Of fond affection thrill Ids fervent heart Dm wedlock wished tho woodland-nymph to shun, »1 toluyo tho noblest wooer, sbo, tivn “hfhtened doe. fled from his closo embrace. TUI, gaining on her In tho ardent chase, 110 grasped her, and she turned to LauroMrco. Thus, spurred by love, the Poet fame pursues. And finds at lustra Laurel *tis bo wous.* Cmc.ao, Ms, 111, 1678. UiLCOLI ‘ Tirum ' ON THE BRIDGE. ’Tls midnight, and yoo sleep! Xm 11 •'f 0 ?* a »d I—lam about to die, - JVhatdolsayf Perhaps you watch and weep— -1 urwhomf Hell's friendlier tortures I wllUry. To-morrow, when, upon your lorer’s arm. bsliato with Joy, In scorcu of change you go. Lean fora moment on the bridge, sad sou SPARKS OF SCIENCE. Flora Round About Chicago: Tho Geranium Family. Cocoa-licavos ns a Stimulant , Ornsslioppor-IMnguo in Spain. Silica in Vegetation—A Yellow Water- Lily—-African Exploration. FLORA HOUND ABOUT CHICAGO* Tub Gbuakium Familt.—Every collection of fiowera brought In from the grovclands, for I somo two or three weeks to come, will be quite ' fnw 1° contfUn specimens of the Wild Crancs mll (Geranium tnaeulaium), a handsome, shiny flower, with pink petals, and Jive-parted, lobed leaves. It Is one of tho Geraniums, belonging to the family which affords so many favorite species for culture In tho house mid the garden. Its English name Is derived from the funded re semblance of Ito beaked fruit to tho bill of the crane. A second member of tho same genus, the Carolina Crancablll ( O . CaroUntanum) Is In cluded In our flora, but Is more restricted In lo cality. I’rof. Babcock notes Its occurrence near Lincoln Park and north of tho city. Seven species of tho Geranium family (Gera tuaceay are found In the Slates covered by Gray’s Flora. This Is a small proportion of an order that numbers In all about COO species The flora of Great Britain Includes thirteen species. But the Geraniums arc very unequally distributed over tho world. By fur tho larger number aro found at tho Capo of Good Hope, especially of tho flue genus Bebirgoniutiu It Is from this region that wo obtain all tho much prized species that adorn our windows and borders. The number mid variety of tho exotic Geraniums Imvo been greatly multiplied by cultivation, as most of the species nearly re lated hybridize freely. 3 Tho Gcrnneacca: nro not characterized by anv striking qualities, yet on astringent principle and an aromatic or resinous flora generally per tain to tho order; The root of our Wild Cranes been held In high renuto ns n gurgle mid a lonic. A foreign species ntOonmlum horns wllhnbonu tltul Panic, emitting ;»t the sumo time an nro malic odor. Several of the species produce cdl- • bio tubes. Thosoof tho G.palvcforutn nro eaten m Van Dlemnn’s Land, where thov nro allied Native Carrots. The tubes of tho & iuberotum nro used In tho south of Europe, and thosoof tho relarnoninm trUte at tho Capo of Good Hone. Ihe leaves of tho rdarjjonium acetosum and 1 \., ta i u J n Q , ro plcasantlyueldaud an ogrccablc article of food. , Jussieu, a cclcbratfcd French botanist, united. In Ids system of clnsslllcntlon, tho Geranium Balsam, Sorrel, and‘Llrnnanthcs families Into one, and, as Gray has adopted the sumo plan, wo shall consider them all ns merely sub-orders of the family Gcrancacac. Of tho Llrnnanthcs, tvo have hut one representative (Ftocrkla ttroscr pitiacoUia); a neat but Inconspicuous llttlo plant growing on tho banks of tbo Chicago and Dcsphilncs Rivers. Its minute flowcrsTTprliig- Ing out of tho axils of tho threo-parted leaves, ore now In blossom. This, with thb Californian LimuaiUJus. comprises tho entire sub-order. Of tbo sub-order Oralldacea (Sorrel family) wo J“ vo „ species. The pretty Violet Sorrol (Oialbytolacea) may bo found In flower at tho present tlmo on grassy banks by tho roadsides to tho west and south, even within tho limits of tho city. It has a clovcr-liko leaf, and a pink blossom. The Juice, like that of all tho Sorrels, a strongly acid. Tho Yellow Sorrel (o.tlricfu\ Is common both In mild and cultivated grounds, and has been familiar to most of us from child hood under tho name of “Lady’s Sorrel ” There arc very few who have not at ono time or another found It ogreoable to browse on tho foliage of this sour-julecd plant. Tho OxuUdetc Include above 800 species, among which aro herbs, shrubs, and trees. They arc most abundant In America and at the Cano of Good Hope. Ihe shrubby species arcconllncd to tropical regions. A small evergreen treo (Amihoa caramboh) belonging to tho order. nr V, East Lidies, produces a fruit called the Coromandel Gooseberry, which Is ex tensively used In making cooling drinks and confections for tho table. Tho fruit Is of tho size and shape of a duck’s egg, with a thin, yel lon rind, a dear, juicy pulp, and an ngrecably acld flavor. The A. Biimbl , another species of the same genus, la equally prized for fts aeldu lous fruit. The OmtU acclosdla, a Wood-Sorrel, with white, pink-varied flowers, native of this country and of Europe, la very abundant In Lapland, where It is used ns an anti scorbutic. Its ncld leaves form uu excellent Ingredient of salads, and, when steeped, afford a refreshing drink In fevers. Homo flpcl-les of Graff* produce large bulblcts In uio axils of their leaves, and others have tuber ous roots which are useful as food. Tho O alnain and 0. tuberosa are cultivated In Peru and Bolivia for their tubers, which, when cooked, become mealy, like potatoes. When exposed to tho sun, tho tubers of tho last named plant lose their acidity, and acquire the if. , Ql . ul c °nHl9tcncy of dried Jigs. Tho O. Bemxl Is much cultivated In Mexico for the I sake of Its roots, which resemble small pars nips. Several species of Ozala are highly es teemed ns ornaments of our greenhouses. Some of the Oxallds exhibit an Irritability al most equaling that of tho Sensitive Plant. Of these, tho AvoJioaUUmbiand tho Oxalit Sauiitim uro tho most remarkable. Tho leaves of tho Wood-Sorrel droop, or, as we may sav. bo to sleep, at night. Oxalic add Is ohfalne<\?rom this species,—twenty pounds of leaves affording 1 pounds Of juke, from which a llttlo Ims than cured 0UI1 “ 3 uI OIal “ l0 of potash can ho pro- TaSu'w’' 1 ') 0 to September wo may look for tho “9JJ * or Touch-Me-Not {lmpatiaujulm) near tho lake-shore,' south of tho city. Tho H,“J 1 . t . Bruw “.. , ‘T ra .?!° 3 fcot Htfflt; tho stems J; v “ u peculiarly shining, succulent nnpenmnoo; u"d tho odd-shuned Powers, looking Ilko yellow St n 1! ! 8 ’ 57, "B ?“ sloudor, swaying stnlko at tho one! of tho braachca. It Is a .scllcatc, g™i c, u pln ." t| " ttn >ctlufr nttentloa from Its generally unlmio import i yot tho most curious SthVW 11 bursting Its end-pods will nsuddca.slartllngrupturc. Touchonoevor so lightly, and on tho Instant tho valves com ffii. B ii “T“ ral ° “ud twist Into colls / i UI “ movement, projecting tho m.™ *l,s' dlm ' ll °us p y IJlufr violent disslll mK.tMi.'i? 1 a,n "» l ,"B sport to touch oil those inlakitaro guns, whlditioVLT miss Pro nor fall of a total UisruptlDTa Throughout tho suaanor. JS.lil‘ U ° n Il ' Ul:h 'i ll! ' Not d- pallWa) hangs Its suc-llko Powers from tho Ups of Its nodding SSd'JSfu’ “ nd .{““•Wai tts spltota'f lhm’ |X T?,i. 0,1 , 11,0 Slightest provoca *Vi. u ' 1 1 . irrowa moro rarely than tho ?Jiii ’ a m lI . M lowers of a lighter tint, but it )r» rc * a ? )0 i recognized ns u congener. Its habitat Is tho damp woods at Riverside and Har lem. these two species nro tho only repro. nf n « o » VCfl America'of the sub-order of Balsams (Vabtamiiuxcae). Europe produces one species, and Russia In auffhfr willl? upwards of 100 occur In India. A moist climate unit moderate temperature aro tho conditions essential to their existence, and these aro to lie s, I* perfection among tho shrulm that clothe the hill-tops In Jllmlostan and tho Islands 5 Archipelago. Tho handsome double balsams of our gardens have been dovel oned by cultivation from species native to India. Iho family arc of no service to mankind, except as they gratify a sense of beauty. Many of tho members of the family in their wild stlito are distinguished for their elegance. Nearly all are red their blossoms aro usually wldto or COCA-LEAVES, Tito Indians of Peru and Bolivia aro greatly addicted to the usoof a stimulant obtained from the leavca of the Coca (Erythroxyton ooca), a shrub Indigenous to the country, and extensively cultivated along the Amazons. The usual mode of employing the stimulant is to chew the dried leaves with a little flnely-powdored unalakcd Umc,or with the alkaline ashes of certain plants ; yet an Infuslou of tho Coca is sometimes taken In preference. Its effect Is narcotic and tonic, and under Its Influence great and protracted exertion can bo endured which would otherwise bo Impossible. It also renders respiration cosy In the rarlllcd air of high altitudes. Tho pecu liar properties of tho Coca have lately been the subject of investigation among sdcntltlc men, with tho view of learning tho ultimate results of Its use upon tho human system. Contrary opinions havo been expressed, based upon tho testimony of travelers, some of whom declare It to be. In tho end, most deleterious; and others, that It Is, on tho whole, most bcuo ilclal. At a recent meeting of tho Edinburg Botanical Society, Blr llobcrt Chrlstlsou read u paper detailing Ids oxperleucoin tho uso of tho Coca. Ho had found tho leaf to ho both a pre ventive of fatlguQ and a restorative of strength after severe bodily exertion. "Ills first experi ments mode with tho leaf were In 1870. Two of Ids students had come home thoroughly tired out with a 10-mlle walk. Instead of fmvlmr dinner; they each took uu Infusion of two dmduu.pJ Com, I'rMonlly oil sIl-hj ot fallguo vouWiM, und they promemAcd PiWs, .(reel lor » vrbote hour wlto otto alia ociojuisat, s£fj ir hrono.thoy ate an excellent dlnm* in.i i *l. tlir °uchout 11,0 evening, iiopt wjft and got up refreshed and active next inomiSi Similar results were obtained In the qimJS niXmif^ 1 1 fl V, m p.° f whom liml done°. «0-mllo walk, and Sir Robert lias - also niada «* pcrlmonts upon himself with n Caen leaf, of /J equally successful and com fo r tabl on uro, u M oiiAssnoppßns nr spain Tho Soulliom provinces ol Spoln nro afflldrf with 0 plague of grnaalroppcro qullo equally thnt of our own Western plains In extent nni devastation. For eight or nine years past tk evil haa been growing,—at drat developing f r „„ Insignificant awnrrae of tho Insects, and gras, unlly Increasing until at present .the land i. covered with on Innumerable multitude, ih.i slop the trains on the railroads, and threaten b, destroy every vcatlgo ol .vegetation. The mill lary have been called out to exterminate tk.* fee. On the HI, of April, 1,000 soldiers wers sent to Uadajos, In Estramadura, to attack iu I Invaders, which were In such force a* to ardlzo iho entire crops of the reSnf put this body of troops was considered Insuflldcnt, and a demand for 0,000 now. was made. Tho tactics used by S Hohllcry will ho executed principally with !6 shovel. A series of trenches are to 21? mrli) V t IC Ti l l ° win bo swept £5 burled. 1 heso measures are taken at mi nfj r« l .iioi Vt t,lo i I,foof V‘? l,lsect » before It hiS? folded Its wings end Indulged In aerial Olcffi* rhegrashnpiier deposits fia eggs hi theSm !l! l“„ n, ""t | ‘ August, end there they reina,. ',?• A i;;"' " r|lh ennui,igluslilS n !i i! n tho most compact sell, an] oimV iL k i, 8 l,k °!J , l ° J lO undisturbed by tSJ plow, na tho receptacle for lie eggs: andtli.d await In safety tho lulluonco of tTio near spfi ffi’t 0 teansforn, them to octlvo life. AS ca female deposits about 100 eggs In tlm tuba,.! cocoon which she carefully cements and ImrloL the am,uni Increase of the pest Is enormous,™' SILICA IN VEGETATION, i « D « In , tllQ Jwtrml of Ecicuce and Artx I by I rof. P. B. Wilson, of tho Washington Uni, verslty, Baltimore, presents tho results of. series of experiments to determine tho formfa which grasses and oilier plants appropriate cilia for the strengthening of their structures. ft* sillav obtained from tho ash of plants, by twi I distinct processes, was, In all cases, found tobi I trco fr ? ,n m combination. In whent-stra* grown In soli to which tho Infusorial earth d Richmond had been applied, tho slllcious «u posits were found to'Uslat wholly of c . fi OUS 'n l « tls “f. Dla tomacca3, In an unchanged l .?; «. r i ulr ( ,’ utllllCß wcro sharply and distS y when separated from coch oS under the microscope; When not separated* i tr< ? nns l observed a marvelous Interlacing d the various forms, —showing that they were m 2 vtyed by the eap-cells directly to the section ol Its^ructurc*” 0 11L * y Wtr ° dL ' allut:a 10 ««nplctl mnr^l l i> l .!' c / au wi. of ‘l', 0 - 5 . 0 Investigations,'* ro murka.l rof, Wilson, “shows tho noccsslty oj finely-divided silica In tho soil, so minute as U J.?,Si5! 0 of l m f, Bln «."'lth facility through th! fnFil'* 8 ’ fleeo,, ‘ ll yi that simple or compound silicates are useless us fertilizing agents, either Snn«i r rl° r ur / lll cl<‘Uy prepared. s We have no SHn M° r fo r m,l, S an y theory that veg& tatlon tai , through any known chemical law separate tho elements or their compounds from combinations so positive In their character.” YELLOW WATER-LILY. Dr. Asa Gray notes, In tho Journal of ScUna and Arts, tho discovery In Florida of a specie* of or true Water-Lily, having yellow lowers. The plant was llgurcd by Audubon la his great work on tho Birds of North America and named Xpmphaa flora by the German boll n tncr », wllo .V xplorC(l Southern Florida: nnnn'V *1 °, Ul y, CVI , tlCllt , e ° f Itfl CXlstOnCQ rCStcj upon Audubon’s drawing, It has hitherto re nmfnctl unnoticed. In 18? i, Dr. Edwanl MnS collected specimens of tho plant In the Indian S n r ’ ilrs * lias detected it on tlio St Johns River. Tiio plant differs frorq <x or ?i ( i * n , growth, tlm rhlzoncs being shorter, and thickly set with blunt tubercles, " SURVEY OF ALABAMA. Tho report of tho progress of tho Survey ol the State of Alabama for 1875, by Eugene A Smith, I'h. U., State Geologist, contains a dc« sit ptlou of the Coal-Fields of tho State, from which It seems that tho deposits aro much thin* nertlmu has heretofore been supposed. Tlio coal-scrlcs comprise ten or twelve seams of 3 feet or moro In thickness. Tho maximum thickness of dear coal Is from 80 to 85 feet, and tho average thickness not abovo 15 feet, ’ Tho State appropriates but «50 annually for tho Fn r rrf°r V lfl B , urve y, micl tho time given to it Is limited to the regular vacations irom teaching obtained by the conductor, who also U a 1 rofessor In the State University. AFRICAN EXPLORATION. The African exploring party fitted out ntth# expense of Mr. Lucas, a member of tlio Royal Geographical Society, and under his leadership, has safely reached Khartoon by way of tho dee* ert-routo from Suakln, on tho Rod Sea. From this point the expedition will pass through Kar* dofan, mid round tho tributaries bf tho Balil-el- Slnc wlu, l !mT' l t )y Sd '"*clufurth, which fflutert “““Karwatot TEMPERANCE. To the Editor of The Tribune. Davis, 111., May 18.—A Convention of tho Executive Committee of tho State Temperance Reform Club will bo bold at Rockford, lIL, May S 3 and Si, 1870. In view of tho unprecedented success of tho temperance cause lu the North western part of tho State, and especially In tlio City of Rockford, wo deem It n great privilege In calling n Convention to return thanks to Blip who rules over tho affairs of men; also to choose de ogates to tho National Convention at ihllodclphla, and devise ways and means for s moro perfect State organization. All friends of the cause aro cordially Invited to attend, and let us have a good ndly along tho entire line. Ily order of tho Chairman of tho Executive Com* J. A BnnsufijiAN. NO MATE FOfl YOU. Yes, wondrous fine she looked, no doubt— But, boy. nolany mate foryou: Queen of the sunshine aho could bo. But not of tho shadows tee I R « nonsense to say yon loved her: 1 hough angel she scorned that nlcht Under ruses, and silk, and lace, Angels fade at mornlng-Ught Just sncli tender, starry eyes, .flint such gulden-tinted lialr. Biieh a ‘ ‘ bln! of Paradise, “ Gleams oat from tho picture there; And that, sir, Is tho woman 1 woo’d to share my life; And that, boy, Is the woman 1 held to my heart as wife. I wonld not speak of her now— You know aho was all untrue, That fiho shamed and wrecked my life—• But I’d save my fato from you. “Trust not tho outward Kcomlng;” Ups may betray and smile; Byes that gleam like shadowed stars May bo false and yet beguile. God knows those sunny, angel forma Shine with no heavenly light: Oh I cliooho some nobler one, my boy, Than she you loved that night! EnHl. Mntlbrnn'a Letter to Hop Husband. Her marriage with tho old French merchant Mallbran was speedily sallowed by their separa tion ; ho went to France, leaving his divine devil of a wife In New York, and during his absence she used ta writ u letters to him which she fre quently showed to M. do la Forest, who was her Intimate friend and adviser, and took a personal interest In all her affairs. These epistles often c ?P/ c^ e< * flo ,nUe h cordial kindness and warmth of feeling towards her husband that M.dela i orcst, who knew her separation to havo been entirely her own act and choice, and any docent Sjrcemont and harmonious llfo between icm absolutely Impossible, was complete ly puzzled by such professions towards a man with whom she was determined never to live, and occasionally sold to her, "What do you mean! Do you wish your husband to com o hero to you! or do you contemplate going to hlml In short, what Is your Intention in writing with all this affection to a man from whom you havo separated yourself I ” Upon this view of her epistle, which did uot appear to havo struck her, M. do la Forest said, she would (Instead of rewriting 11) tack on toil with the most ludicrous Inconsistency a sort of revocatory codicil, In the shape of u postscript, expressing her decided desire that her husband should remain whore ho was, and her own ex plicit determination never again to enter Into any more Intimate relations with him than went compatible with a correspondence from opposite sides of tho Atlantic, whatever personal regard or affection for him her letter might appear to express ti? Uw contrary notwllliatniidlng.-yu^ ;•

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