Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 20, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 20, 1876 Page 4
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4 Cljcernlmut TERMS OF Tint TRIBUNE. RATBS or SUBSCRIPTION (PATABLB ITT ADVANCE). PosUfffl Prepaid at this Office. Dally Edition, poatpald, lyear rwu of year at tame tata. Malted to any address four week* for Sunday Edition: Literary and Religions Double „ Sheet.. ; s.no Tri-WcekJy, postpaid. I year 6.50 Tarla of year ataame rate. TTBBKI.T EDITION, POSTPAID. One cony, per yoar JI..V) Clnbof Svc, per copy i.;» Club of twenty, per copy 1.15 The pottage UlB cent* a year, wblcli r/o will prepay. Bpeclmen eoplea lent free. To prevent delay and mistake*, bcitrreandglve Post' Office addreaa In t all, Including State and County. Remittance* may be made cither by draft, express, Poil-Offlce order, or in registered Mtcrs, at our rlik. TBRMfI TO CUT SUBSCRIBERS. Dally, delivered, Sunday excepted, as Cents per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included, 30 cents per week' Addreaa ■ THE TRIW UNR COMPANY, . Corner Madison and Dear'jorn-iu*., Chicago, 111. AMUSEMJSNTB. New CMcngn Theatre, Clark street, between Randolph and Lake. Hooky's Mlnitreli. jytorsooo tor. evening. lloolot’h Theatre. Randolph itreet,' between Clark and LaSalle. F.n* gagemem of Fifth Avenue Company. M Plauo." After* noon tad evening. McTlctaer’a Theatre. Modiien itreet, between State and Dearborn. En gagement et the Maggie Mitchell Troupe. After* ■noon, "Lorlo." Evening, “ JUue Kyrc." Adelphl Theatre. Dearborn itreet, corner Monroe. Varletv entertain* ment. ••Tito Wilfi of New York." Afternoon and svenloff. Woed’i Muncatn. Monroe itreet. between Dearborn an-i State. After* noon, "OuifamL" Evening, *• luvh'.blei’rlncc,"and **B«NOf milerncy." SOCIETY MEETINGS. KILWINNING LODGE 311, A. F. ft A. M.—The memben are hereby notified to meet at Corinthian Mall on Sunday, Uieuminut.. nil p. m M iharp, to at* tend the funeral of our late brother, Joseph Solicy. l)y order of J. I». MOHlt, W. M. SATURDAY, MAY 20, 187 G. Greenbacks at the Now York Gold Ex change yesterday eloped at 88“, Warm wontbor with possibly occasional showers is prcdictcdfor this region to-day. The sad nows comes this morning that, in addition to tho ordinary oxpenso of a sum mer’s pleasure tour in the wilds oC Canada, a fishing-tax of $1 n day will henceforward bo levied npon every citizen of t'bo United States going thither to got tho fintty Kanuck %n his hook. President Grant has stated to a friend his Intention of making a tour of tbo world at the expiration of his term of ofSoo. Prob ably no living American Is moro widely known, or would receive such marked atten tion and courtesy abroad, os General and President U. S. Grant. The report of tbo knb-Committeo on tho “Mary Merritt” charges will completely exonerate Secretary Bristow from improper action in that case, but ns a salvo to tho feels ings of Cate, of Wisconsin, who instigated tho investigation, tbo Committee havo con sented to animadvert upon tho mathods which prevail in tho Treasury Department in tho manogemont.of cases of this character. A plan for compelling tho PadQo Railroad Companies to commence providing for tho payment of their debts to tho Government boa been matured by tbo House Judiciary Committee. It contemplates, in tho coso of the Union Pacific, that $750,000 shall ho set opart annually forton years, and $1,000,000 onnuolly thereafter, until tho sinking-fund thus created shall wipe out tbo bonds ad vanced to tho Company by jho Government. It is proposed to apply an equal ratio of an nual paymenlsto tbo total debt to tho other companies. Friends of Gov. Betexudob at Springfield assert that, although his defeat as a candi date seeps to bo a settled fact, ho will not fly the track, but remain m the race until the distanco-llog is dropped in his face by the Convention. So far as delegates have been instructed and the preferences of others ascertained, the returns up to date give Cdllou 2GC, BEVEnmaE 100, and Ridowat 52, indicating that Cdllom will bo nominated on the first ballot This showing does not iudude Cook County, which is almost certain to send a Cdixom delegation, and several other large counties oro yet to bo heard from. Febkando Wood is unalterably opposed to the nomination of Tildeh at Bt. Louis, and expresses tho belief that bo could not carry Now |York. . Ho lays groat stress upon tho importance of putting forward a candidate with an unassailable record, and Tildeh, in his estimation, does not fill tho bill. Judge David Davis is Febnanpo's ideal of a con diflato without a record, and hence a valuable candidate for tho Democratic party, which bos suffered sorely on this account in the past. Ho thinks Judge Davis, who never was a Democrat, is the man to fire tho Democratic heart and secure tiir co-fourths of (he electoral vote of 187 G. A pleasant interview with the Hon. Rich abd M. Thompson, of Indiana, on the Presi deatial canvass in that State, is given in our columns this momiug. Mr. Thompson, speaking for the sonthern part of tho Btoto, gives it os his opinion that, next to Mouton, and in tho event that ho should not show sufficient strength for a nomination, the majority of tho delegation are heartily for Buistow. Ho has hoard of no expression of Conklino lean ings in tho State, and few for Blaine. Moit toh first, and Biubtow next, is the situation in Southern Indiana, and it may bo pre sumed to obtain in groat measure throughout the entire State. Tho Finance Committee of tho Common Council are thoroughly in accord with tho retrenchment policy suggested by Hoyor Hotne In his inaugural message, They real. Iza the critical condition of tho city’s finances, aud arc fully awaro that no thing will so strengthen tho municipal credit as a general redaction of expendi tures, the discontinuance of work on all pub lic improvements that can be delayed, and tho application of the strictest economy in every department and detail. Already tho effect of this now order of things is felt in tho willingness of bankers and capitalists to come forward with money to sustain the credit of tho new administration. The Chicago produce market* were gen erally on the downward turn yesterday, with moderate activity in breadstnffs dullness In provisions, Hess pork declined 7j@loc per brl, closing firm at $20.65 for Jane and $20.72j for July. Lard declined £<3>7jo per 100 Its, closing at $12.17J®12U0 cosh, and $12.80(812.871 for July, Meats declined 4c per tb, closing at 7io for. boxuj^dhoalders, 10|o for do short ribs, and lie for do short oloan. Lifts freights wore dnll, at 2}c for wheat to Buffalo. Bait freights were dull and unchanged. lUghwinos wore nominal, at $1.07} jior gallon. Flour was in fair demand and firm. Wheat closed lso lower, nt $1.03 cash and'sl.os} for Juno. Com closed j(s>jjo lower, at 48c cash and 40}o for June. Oats closed firmer, at flic for May and •lOjfo for June. Ityo was stronger at 07(g) 07jo. Barley was steady, closing at 72}0 cnab and 090 for Juno, Hogs wore active, with heavy grades ruling fie lower. Boles at $G.H0@7.40. Cattle woro active and firmer. Bhccp woro scarce and nominal. One hun dred dollars in gold woald buy $112.02} in greenbacks at the close. .913.00 United States Marshall Campbell, of Chi cago, yesterday testified in relation to the Pension Agency scandal before the House Committee on Civil Service Reform. He repented in his testimony the statements in his letter to Miss Sweet —that ho had no knowledge of the bargain between that Indy nod Hlarelt, but loaned the latter $.1,000 by indorsing his noto for that amount, and sub sequently becoming responsible for it. Marshal Campbell, Uko Miss Sweet, appears to have been victimized by Blakely, and, again like Miss Sweet, he seems to havo entered into a rather unbusinesslike transaction with the slippery borrower and office-broker, whoso representations of solvency he accepted as true with a blind trust in human nature not usnal in matters involving dollars and cents. Mr. Campbell was badly. bitten, having refunded nil the money paid by Miss Sweet on Blakely's account, and, os be was not privy to tho knavish swindle, ho has sulTorcd sufQciontly for his share in the scandalous transaction. The Frocdraen’s Bank, which served tho colored people of tho country for several years as a rat-hole wherein they could de posit their savings with the assurance that they would not havo tho opportunity to in vest them in unwiso speculations, has at last been turned inside out, and presents a epee taelo decidedly disheartening to its depos itors. Tho names of the persons who fat tened on tho credulity of the ignorant freed men ore given to tho world, and are mostly included in tho pestiferous body known as tho District Ding. Gen. O. 0. Howard, tho Christian soldier,' figured in tho transactions as "Honorary Trustee” of tho institution. The remuneration re ceived for his invaluable service is not stated, but tho General's career in Washington i>i a guarantee that ho has a liberal estimate of his worth as a financial manager. If the parties to whoso doors these shamelessfrauds havo been traced escape punishment under tho law, it will only prove another instance to illustrate tho fact that the corrupt Ding wields a greater power in the District than tho courts of justice. THE DEMOCRATIC FLAN OF CAMPAIGN ,AND HOW TO MEET IT. The reader of the daily papers and the noter of current political history must be con vinced that tho Democratic party intend to enter into tho approaching political cam paign with no proposed measures of legisla tion, with no defined policy either as to finance, taxation, currency, tariff, or anything else. On all these questions tho party is con fessedly incompetent to deal, or even to at tain tho least harmony among its members. Having no programme of its own, tho party proposes to go into tho campaign upon the broad indictment of tho Republican party for excessive taxation, general extravagance in expenditure, frauds in administration, robbery of tho revenues, bribery and solos of ofilcos by officials, and defalcations, em bezzlements, and general corruption in the public service. Resolutions reciting in stances of this kind—too recent and too no torious to be questioned or denied—will be adopted at every town meeting in every county in every State, and at every Conven tion which will he held between now and November. every Democratic Con vention that has boon hold has* proclaimed tho record of alleged infamy, and the Na tional Convention at St. Louis will recount tho story in all tho colors that can Inspire in dignation or provoke disgust. What has the Republican party to say la answer to this Democratic indictment? What is the answer that will sllebce tho reproach, • and convert tho weapon of ollcnso into a means of defense? It certainly will not do to say that Belknap or Babcock wore soldiers in tho War; that Obvil Quant was brother to tho President; that the OrediUMobiller robbery of millions, and tho back.poy and salary-grab, and the Pension frauds, the Patent-Oflice frauds, tho Indian and Land- Office frauds, the Custom-House and whisky frauds of millions, and tho bogus-claim frauds, the Post-Office frauds, and tho Con grcssional extravagancies and wastefulness, were perpetrated by men who wore loyal during tho War. It will not remove the odium from the sale of offices to «ay that , tho Republican party emancipated 4,000,000 of slaves aud conferred the elective franchise on them, or that tho Democrats of the North sympathized with tho Confederates of the South, or that tho latter Ku-Kluzsd black men, or expelled carpet-baggers, or carried Southern elections by terrorism sgaiust tho freedmon. This is all good as far as it goes, bat it docs not go far enough. It docs not meet tho charges which will form tho basis of tho Democratic campaign. It will not bo sufficient answer to tho indict-. ment to set up counter-charges of corruption and “official irregularities" of which Demo crats have been guilty. Tho "you-aro. another" argument will not satisfy the coun try. It can only bo pleaded in mitigation and not in justification. Yet this la the mistake tho machine politicians aro likely to make. Tho past record and the present imbecility of the Democratic party will furnish no de fence or extenuation of tho Federal frauds aud corruptions which have boon so numer ous and so notorious. They will not answer the accusation, so long as a hundred Repub lican office-holders are fugitives in Canada, and scores are in tho public prisons, and other hundreds are waiting sentence. There must bo a sharper, more swooping, more em phatic answer given to this indictment for official irregularities, and that answer must bo the nomination of a candidate at Oiucfn nail whoso very name will silence tho whole Democratic song of Republican office-holding corruption. Tho nomination of Bbistow will banish Bolknapism, and Babcockism, and the Whisky King, and tho whole element of official fraud, from the campaign. It will silence any chum for Tilde* as a Reformer, because, contrasted withßurfow, there is no other man can rank as a Reformer in the estimation of the country. The country will oak no pledges,- and core little for platforms or resolutions If Bus-row bo nominated. la him will recognize country, party, and reform. *lfcere will be no doubts as' to what he wA he, «t THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; SATURDAY. MAY 20, 1876-TWELVE PAGES.' 1 what he will do, if President On that point there is no mad of any party who does not know that the roan who, by the forco of his own courageous will, instigated by his eon* viotions of honesty and duty as a public offi cer, cleared the Treasury service of the thieves by which it woa infested, rid the pub* lie offices of the dishonest men who hold them, put a stop to counterfeiting, broke up the wholesale plundering of the Government by smuggling through the connivance of the customs agents,»took the Whisky Ring by the throat and strangled it, and has retrenched the expenses of the Treasury Department by millions, as well as puffflod it of rascals, aud pilferers, and blackmailers, —there is nocilizou, we repeat, who docs not know and feel in his heart that the man who has dono all theae things wilt, if made President, carry the same reforms, purifications, and retrenchments into all other branches of the public service. The Democratic indictment of the Repub lican party for past frauds, extravagancies, and corruptions will gain new vigor if Bris tow bo not nominated nt Cincinnati. They will point to bis rejection as evidence that (ho Republican party did not want a man of his character and purposes; did not want him to go on in his work of purifying tbo Gov eminent service; did not want official crimes punished; and will point to the fact that ho was rejected at Cincinnati that the Republic an machine loaders might got rid of him and of) his reform altogether. Tho public mind will be ripe to accept this view as a just one, and will accept tho rejection of Bristow as evidence that the party does not want to complete the work ho has begun, and there fore selected a man who will lot the old con dition of things return. We submit, therefore, to thinking and re flecting Republicans that, in rejecting Bris tow nt Cincinnati, they may throw away tho all-sufficient and at the same time tho only successful answer they can make to tho Dem ocratic array of official Republican corruption end extravagance. . * ME. HESINO'S TESTIMONY. Tho testimony of Mr. HEsino, whicji bears upon its face tho impress of truth, takon in connection with Derm's, reveals a cad picture of political trading, jobbexy, ond corruption, based upon a regularly organized system of swindling tbo Government out of its revenue. Mr. Hnsrao'wns for o long timo the “ Boss 11 of city and county poli tics, and ho bos now made a clean breast of what bo knows about corruption in Chicago and Cook County. That thoso who hnvo not read his testimony in detail may bo in pos session of its salient points, we present it in condensed form: 1. .It is clearly established that Mr. Hcsino did not corrupt Sir. Berm ; on the other hand, that all Mr. Behai's relations with Hr. Hesino, ond all his relations with other machine politicians .and crooked whisky dealers, go to show that he was born in original sin, and was never introduced to corruption through tho medium of a tempter. 2. It is very clearly shown that Mr. Derm’s declarations to Mr. Hesino and other parties in ilay, 1873, and at other times, that Messrs. Mvnh and Hoyt were innocent men and bad nothing to do with tho conspiracy to defraud the revenue, wora fabrications, manufactured for a particular purpose; that during tho whole of this time, when Dsnu was assorting they could not be indicted, ho bad a secret understanding with them, and, that, when ho was about "to lay down,” ho admitted their guilt to Hexing himself. 8. Leaving Deuu, we come to Hesino. It is shown that after bo become interested in tho Keeler Distilling Company and tbo works were burned, ho and Derm made use of the knowledge that Buffalo Milled was engaged in the "crooked” to levy tolls upon him at so much per barrel, sometimes mak ing tho collection so oztortlonato that Mil ler’s profits were ruined. Dnring this period Hesino swems that be kept $9,000 and gave Derm SIB,OOO. Jake, on tho other hand, swears that he kept none of his whisky money, bat gave it all away J 4. It is shown that the next contribution was levied upon the Lake Shore Distillery, out of which, without embarking any capital or giving any personal attention to the busi ness, or oven being in the* distillery but once, ho drew $25,000 in six months, a por tion of which wont, of course, to Derm, who always took tho lion's share in evoiy scheme of plunder that was afloat in city or county, but never kept any of it, he says. 5. It is shown that tho next contribution waslovicd upon "the Union Copper Distillery, Mr, Roelle, of that firm, handing over SIB,OOO, and changing his politics at tho time he paid tho money. C. The distillery was not the only victim of Hesino's and Rehm’s suction power. Tho public offices woro also bled. It appears that in tho latter part of 16G9 Reom was an ap plicant for tho Collcctorship, but President Gdant would not “touch him with a forty-foot pole." Mr. Hesino then pub in his influence for Mr. Juessek and was successful, in con sideration of which Mr. Juessen was bled to tho Itmo of $2,000 for Mr. Hesino's trouble, and afterwards tho office was given to Mr. Rabteb, who held it awhile and then re signed. 7. Mr. Hesino next laid siege to" Buffalo " OdiLLEB, County Treasurer in 1873. It is known that Mr. Hesino supported him at tho head of tho People's ticket, knowing him at tho same time to bo engaged in swindling the Government,—ho admits this under oath, —and that, as a consideration, Milled paid him about half tho interest on the county depqslts in monthly payments of about SGOO, sgregating s7,2o<?per annum. 8. Tm BnxDusr, Sheriff, whom Hr. Ilia ino supported for office, was lot off pretty easy. Ho lot Hesino horo the use* of SIO,OOO of his money for two years without interest. liaiDLKi got off lightly, and has not much room for complaint. 0. It is shown that Hr. Heainq sold to Mr. Powell the laud on which the South Branch Distillery is located, upon which there was a mortgage of $20,000. As it was necessary to have this mortgage released before Powell could commouce the “ crooked," Mr. llisstNQ gave his check upon a bank in which ho had credit, but no funds, bo that Powell could get hia license. This check was a very convenient one. It was given by Powell to Collector lloit to per* suodo him to issue tho license before tire mortgage was released. The mortgage was subsequently released, and the chock came back to Mr. Hesino without having been paid, the money never having been de mantled. 10. Lastly, it is shown by Mr. Hcsnm that in 1871 his son Wasuinoto* was a candidate for Congress in competition with Fab well j that subsequently Wasujhotok withdrew, and that right away Mr. Hesivo obtained $26,000 from Wabd and Fauwell on his own *paper, and a promise of $16,000 more which ho failed to get, “ because he opposed Fak well." These are (he salient potato of Ur. ff?*. rvo's testimony. Add, this to what Reum revealed to tho court and Jury, and they bring to tho surface the details of a gigantic conspiracy against the revenue and publlo offices. Taken In connection with other tes timony, they present a distressing picture of machine depravity, They do not need com ment further than the expression of tho hope that tho bottom is now reached. It Is now time for Justice to play her part. AN INJUSTICE TO NORTHERN PARKERS. Thcro is one measure ponding in Congress which should seriously engage the attention of Northern fanners, and that is tho pro posed appropriation for tho Lower Mississippi levees. An a class, tho Northern farmers have suffered almost incalculable damage from floods since lost fall. Their fences and farm buildings have boon washed away. Their crops hove been submerged oud ruined. It will cost them a year's profits to repair damages and got their farms into running order again, Tho floods have not been con fined to any particular locality. Almost every river, creek, and brook has been on tho rampage, covered its banks and swept away its dams, spreading destruction far and wide. From Maine to Oregon the farmers have suffered, and in Jhauy cases have boon driven from their homos, with tho loss of their buildings, and working material. It is of interest, therefore, for them to bear in mind that tho Democratic party in the House proposes to take sev eral millions of money out of their pockets to pay over to specu ’ latora in the bottom lands of tho Lower Mis sissippi for tho building of levees. They should watch and remember every Congress man who votes for this outrageous jobbery. They should ask the question, 'Why is money u> bo squandered upon Southern speculators, and not one cent to be devoted to tho Northern farmers, who have lost more than tho Southern? Tho proposed appropriation is a fraud upon its face. Tho Government bos no more right to protect the plantation of a cotton-grower along tho Mississippi than it has to protect tho prop erty of a farmer on tho Illinois or Wabash River. If it gives money out of tho Publio Treasury to tho one, it is bound to do so to the other. Rif it repairs tho damages along tho Lower Mississippi River, it must consistently repair tho damages oc casioned by tho overflow of Northern rivers. But the proposition is not so much intended to protect farms as it is to im prove tho property of tho Southern specu lators, and, if tho Government illegally and unjustly applies the public money this year to these speculators, they will clamor for money still more lustily next year, and, the door once opened, thcro will bo no end to claims which cannot ho denied. Tho appro* priations will involve millions of dollars, and will open up claims for relict of every description. Tho principal point to bo con sidered, however, is this—that if the South ern plauter is to bo relieved, the Northern fanner, should also bo relieved. If the Southern speculators can have their proper ty improved at tho General Government’s expense, then the Northern speculator has On equally just claim. If the Government is going to pension the farming interests of tho South, then it has no right to refuse tho North. And whore will this lead? Let the Northern farmers, therefore, watch this piece of jobbery. THE NEW CITY GOVERNMENT. Major Hoyne’b inaugural message signal, izes the commencement of tho reform move, mont for which the moss of tho people voted at the last, city election. It has the true ring, and it found so ready and unanimous a response from tho Council that tho hope is warranted that tho affairs of tho corporation, will bo managed hereafter with something liko tho intelligence, honesty, and economy of private business affairs. Mr. Hotnb has apprehended corroolly tho meaning of the popular volca as expressed at the polls, mad ho has stated the demands of tho people with clearness, force, and directness. The movement of tho business and industrial classes, of tbo professional an& laboring classes, of tho direct taxpayers and tho in direct tax-payors,, as developed in tbo defeat of Hesinq last fall, tho monster mass moot ing in the Exposition Building, and the election of Aldermen this spring, was pri marily in the interest of retrenchment. As a necessary incident to the attainment of tills purpose was the , defeat and rout of the bummer class, which Mr. norms has pictured so strikingly in his message. It is n distinctive and independent body of tax eaters, who prey upon tho community with utter indifference to the fact that they ore gorging themselves upon the substance of tho people without proper return. This class bad attained enormous dimensions and monstrous impudence under Mayor Hotne’b predecessor, who Lad, for equally selfish purposes, pandered to and. encouraged its tax-eating proclivities. To destroy tho body, it was necessary to lop off tho hood. The opportunity for this was afforded by tho at tempt ot usurpation, which was intended to carry tho whole tribe of tax-eaters another year beyond tho lease of life which they had acquired under a demoralized and rotten sys tem. The chiefs—tho late Mayor and roost of tho late AldermonJo King—have boon forced to give way, and now the guillotine must bo set to work on their retainers and underlings. This woa (bo objective point of Mayor llotnk’s meiisngo, and hp reached it by & aeries of generalizations that embody the sentiments of all thinking people and reflect credit upon his own perceptions. It is not enough to have overthrown usurpation, not enough to have administered a rebuke to the tax-thiovos, not enough to havo gained possession of tho chief places of the Municipal Qovemment. These -were but tho preliminary steps. Tho real work of re form begins now. It is to mow down and cart off the rank growth of weeds. It is to swuep clean those branches of the City Gov ernment which have been a part of tho gen eral scheme of plunder. It is to rid thS city of tho men who have besn tho beneficiaries, through themselves/ their relativea, friends, and followers, of tho substance taken from tho property-owners and lax-payers. It is to reduce the number of olhcufc &ud places, fill them with a bettor class of men whore changes can bo made to advantage, and ad just their p(jy in proportion to tho earnings of aimilor labor and capacity in private busi ness. Tho salaries paid now are materially tho some as those established during tho flush times, when mechanics woro earning from $4 to $5 a day and laborers s.'l a day. Tho profits of private business have con traded sinco then, capital earns loss intercut, clerks ore paid smaller salaries, mechanics and laborers receive less wages, rents aro lower, and the coat >of living has been reduced. Why, thou, should men in tho employ of tho corporation receive the same compensation os before this general and radical chougo occurred ? Is there any thing so puro And soared about tho claas of office-holders and place-seekers that they should bo rondo on exception to the rule 7 Is their work so exhausting, or is there such exceptionable ability required, that those people who work for ths tax-payors os an aggregation should be paid so much more than those who work for the tax-payers as individuals 7 „ Tho pnming.knife must bo applied all around. In this wo fully agree with tho spirit of Mayor Hoxkr's message, and we bcUore that the Council will co-operate with him in carrying it out Thcro will naturally bo Rome difference of opinion ah to tho de tails. Wo do not believe, for Instance, that tho department of schools should bo made on exception to tho general policy of re trenchment Thoro is no more reason why salaries in this branch of the publio service should average SI,OOO a year than there is for maintaining that average in the Police and Fire Departments. The employes are largely women, tho work is light, the service of teachers comprehends only eight or nfoo months of tho year, the hours are limited to live or six daily. Thcro 'may cer tainly bo reductions hero os fairly as in other departments. It will bo bettor to cut down 20 per cent hero and 20 per cent in the Police and Fire Departments, than 40 per oent in the latter and none at all in the schools. There should bo as nearly as pos sible a uniform reduction all around. Tho largo salaries should bo reduced in equal proportion with the small salaries. The number of employes in tho various depart ments should be reduced as much as possible, and those retained should bo required to do more service. Some of tho superfluous bureaus may bo dispensed with altogether, and the duties of certain officers consolidated with those of other officers who are retained. To this wo make reference in another article. Tho enormous gas-bills should be reduced fully ofle-bnlf. The expenditure of between $700,000 and SBOO,OOO for lighting this city is perfectly outrageous. Tho number of lamps, tho time of lighting and extinguish ing them, tho force of tho gas furnished, tho mode and rate of payment, may all bo changed to advantage. We hope andbcHovo that tho sovcml Council Committees who have the consideration of these several sub jects will take them up with the interest and intelligence that pervade tho Mayor’s mes sage, and thus devise a harmonious scheme for retrenchment that will save tho tax-payors at least $1,500,000 a year. Such a course will onhauco tho value of Chicago property, enlarge the business of tho city, attract now men and now capital, and restore confidence and progress in a degree not to bo attained in any other way. TEE KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS. That was tho right kind of talk incorpo rated in thoir platform by tho Kentucky Re publicans at their latt State Convention. Thoir declaration against repudiation in any form as a crime, and against indefinite post ponement of tho time of return to specie payment; thoir demand of such reform of the Oivil Service as will prevent tho prostitu tion of office by tho spolls-patronage system, and, as a guarantee of honest administration, of tho nomination of men who have courage to fight corruption, will moot an earnest re sponse in tho breast of orery honest man. Thoy go on to declare: An Kentucky' gave Amunxu Lincoln to his country nud to mankind for tho great work done by him, she now presents Benjamin 11. Biubtow to complete tbo correction of ills ever incident to war. Ills past conduct in office is the truest evi dence of his future course. Ho has been true to Republican principles in war and peace, over man* iy, calm, and courageous, and ovur faithful In tho discharge of Ids duty. Thoro boa boon no more comprehensive, direct Btntoment of Ulo political requirement of the times as is condensed in tho phrase 1 4 the correction of the ills incident to the War.” The corruption and Jobbery that have infected tho national, State, and munic ipal administrations; the elaboration and extension of tho spoils and machine system; and tho consequent low tons of official mo rality, which are tho crying evil and disgrace of tho day, aro the necessary and inevitable* “ ills incident to tho War,” which over is a* breeder of corruption. It took Groat Britain a half century to rid herself of tho comip- Uon begotten by the Napoleonic wars, and the task before ns now is scarce loss than that which Pm loft for Great Britain. There is none of tho favorite-son clap-trap in presenting Bristow to complete this work, which ia indispensable to the consummation of tho great work accomplished by Lpicoui. Bristow is pre-eminently the man who has proved that ho lias the moral stamina to tight corruption, and the adminis trative ability to win in that light, despite the most formidoble machine influence brought to boor against him that over was organized in this country. Tho lime bos come when no platform declarations against corruption and pledges of reform will avail. It is imperative that in and of himself the candidate be a pledge 0! reform, whose record shall guarantee it Bristow tills that bill. His nomination at Cincinnati would have a wondrous purifying effect upon tho whole political atmosphere. It would im press upon Congressmen, Presidential as pirants, Governors, Legislators, Mayors, Common Councils, and tho whole body of public officials, National, State, and Munici pal, that the honesty of tho American people Is mightier than the machine, and would inevitably lead to tho cultivation of cour ageous honesty and efficiency in office in place of working of the machine. That wholesome lesson cannot too soon-bo taught tho men who conduct, or aspire to conduct, public affairs; and it is tho business of tho Republican party, representing the best intelligence of the country and its progressiva tendency, to teach that lesson. It cannot bo bettor done than by the recognition and Indorsement of fearless integrity in office, end guaranteeing its continuance, by tho nomination of Bris tow at Cincinnati. If'he bo not tho nom inee, it is already plain that the candidate thoro nominated must, to be elected, bo not any doubtful “ unknown,’” but one whose record is no lossoguaranteeof his determina tion and capacity to overthrow corruption in office than is that of Bristow. Else it will bo impossible (0 excuse or justify to the American people tho throwing overboard of Bristow. , The living issue of the coming Presiden tial campaign will bo reform of official ser vice. The Democratic stock in trade will bo charges about ItepukUoan corruption, reve nue stealing, etc. The candidates will be the platform. If the machine politicians throw lloibtow overboard at Cincinnati, they will havo to explain tho reason for doing it on tho stump, and they will nut have time for much also. The Democrats will press them on that point at every stop of the canvass. Preaching reform after slaying tho cham pion thief-catcher will not carry conviction of sincerity to the casual mind. Advocating official honesty and Civil-Service purifica tion, after rejecting the man who put these principles iAto practice in tho Treasury Do- partraonl, Trill be regarded as sounding brass and hollow hypocrisy by tbo numerous class of independent voters who constitati tho balance of power between parties. WOMAN-SUFFRAGE IK. ENGLAND. The olmugo of views of John BmaiiT on the woman-suffrage question, and hie speech In Parliament against the bill enfranchising women, produced quite a sensation in En gland. Ills brother, Jaooo Bright, had spoken in support of tho bill, and must have been surprised (o listen to -Toun’u reply. Hitherto he has supported tbo bill on the ground that no mischief was likely to arise from Its passage, and in fact no direct re salts of any importance, and consequently voted for It because he did not like to oppose it When the bill como to a veto, however, ho roso and explained that his views hod changed, and ho placed his negative vote upon the radical grounds that, whatever might bo tho immediate consequences of tho measure, it was prompted by a false concep tion of the relative position of men and women and of tho nature of woman them selves, therefore bo'would oppose tho bill as bolug mischievous in its tendency. Tho fol lowing extract will explain hio position still more clearly: It has been duo to the gradual growth of a higher standard of manliness (lint the position of women has been so vastly Improved In Europe; and It was by tho strong instincts of men, not by any formal power of women, Hint the principles of chivalry were established and maintained. It Is In (ho strong arms of good men that women have always found their most effectual protection, and cense scquonlly it Is ridiculous to represent women as nccdlrjg soma special protection against their hus bands, brothers, and sons In tho Houso of Com mons. Every man who la worthy of tho name car ries some woman or other In his heart as a part of his domestic life, and her Influence is thus directly exerted upon hla political and social conduct. Ono man with respect to another is an ludependont and often a hostile force; but, by the very nature of the sexes and of family life, women ore (or all purposes of action united with men. The Loudon Times, which has opposed the bill, emphasizes this position of Sir. Dnioirr by showing that tho tendency of tho measure would be to disintegrate tho family life, and there is no donbt of the truth of this position. The whole organiza tion of life, of- society, of good government, of law, order, and public security goes upon the assumption that tho family is the unit of society, not the individual. To change tills order of things and place tho individual in dependent, would not only make marriage an accident or incident of life, and eventually a force or something akin to it, hut it would work irretrievable injury to man, woman, and child. Tho Times says very forcibly: A greater moral Injury than would bo Inflicted by any diminution of that sense of responsibility could hardly bo conceived. It would not only destroy the greatest charm In tho relation of the sexes, but It would undermine the strongest, because tho most dcllca|p, motive for manly respect and gentleness. A woman as a dependent being, appealing by her trust and affection to every sentiment of honor In a man’s heart, la tho most powerful influence, prob ably, In the world, and the ways are innumerable In which she modifies tho whole current of his life and thought. Bat a wpman ns an Independent be ing, relying on her own energy, her own vote, and her own Intellect, is simply a political force which would not in tho rough struggle of life be found very powerful. Too much stress cannot be laid upon this argument. It lies nt the very roots of tho matter. Tho principle that has obtained since tho creation of tho world, that is en joined In the Scriptures, that is demonstrat ed by tho experiences of thousands of years, cannot be disturbed without serious danger to society, and that principle is that upon man rests tho responsibility, and that woman is linked to man in a subordination of affec tion and esteem. The moat' satisfactory 'proof of this general principle lies in tho faot that tho vast majority of women feel, and know, and acknowledge it, and that if ths franchise were over given to them they Would express their belief in it at tho very first opportunity. A BHABL. 7b (As Editor of Tht Tribuns, Chicago, MftjrlO.~l take exception to the edi torlul paragraph iu this morning's Tnintm*, (toying that ICcmocliy had furnished one grand President in Lincoln, and was anxious to repeat (he dona* tlou. If Abiiauau Lincoln had lived at the time of his election In 1800 In the State mentioned, be vrouldnothavobuonelcctedto the smallest office Jp the State ou account of the principles he advo cated. We claim Adiiauam Lincoln os a citizen of Illinois, and 1, as one, object to credit him too Slate where ho only received 104 votes, —o State where even these low voters were notified to leave, being known on account of open ballots, and where all unionism, with the exception of tho votes given fur Lincoln, was nothing but sham and secession in disguise. And now, to go and say that Ken tucky furnished Lincoln Is not only false, hut com mitting a great wrong on tho State of his home and adoption. If It had been left for Kentucky to fur nish a President, it would not have been Lincoln. However the writer of the above may snarl, It remains a fact that Lincoln was born In Kentucky, and spent his boyhood days there; and 11 the Kentuckians are now proud of It wo see no good reason (or abusing them therefor. Govs. Yatbs, OaLßanr, and I’almbu were also born In Kentucky. Instead of Lincoln In 1600 receiving only 101 votes In Kentucky forPresldcnt begot 1,864 votes, and one of them was openly cast by Übnjauin 11. Buistow, and neither ho nor the other 1,863 Republicans were expelled from tho State for voting for him. Ho received votes In seventy four counties, and In one county 814 votes; in Kenton 867,1# Jefferson 100, In Jackson 101, in Madison 65, In Rock Castle 04, lu Pulaski 55, In EslUl 50, In Mason 26, and from I to 18 in the rest of the seventy-four counties. Hud tho voting beenby secret ballot Instead of efra voce, ho would have received ten times os many as ho did In 1860. Fur many' years there had been a formidable emancipation element In Ken tucky. llbnuv Clay was an Emancipationist, and tried hard to persuade his State to emanel pate the slaves. Voluntary emancipation was very common lu that State. Kentucky was fully represented at tho Na tional Convention lu Chicago iu 1860 which nominated Lincoln. On Uie first ballot tho Kentucky delegation voted 6 for Lincoln, 6 for Sbwaiid, 8 for Chasb, 8 for Wads, and I each forSduHßu and McLean. On the second bal lot Lincoln received 0, Sbwaiu) 7, and Chasb 0, Ou tho third and decisive ballot, Lincoln gut 17, and Sbwaud 0. Lincoln rather boasted of his Kentucky na tivity. Hu was proud of It, and felt throughout the War, and until his death, a warm affection for the people of his native State. Tho growth of the Republican porty In Ken tucky Ims been steady and rapid. This Is the record: J'uiidint. For Lincoln, Rep For Lincoln. Rep FofUbant, Rep For OuANtj Rep Year. Vote. ~1800 1,804 ..1804 £O,OOO ..1808 40,000 ..1873 88,700 With Oiustow for President, the Republican vote will swell to at least 180,000, and that will carry the State. Tba Louisville with; every thing to Justify It too, has chosen this Centen nial year for the celebration of Itself on the oc casion of Us removal to Us magnificent new building, which is one of the handsomest and most commodious newspaper olllces in the United Stales. The Courier-Journal had Us humble beginning, It Is true, and has grown up to mature metropolitan projjortlous la all Us departments, upon which It Is to be oougratu latud. But, in celebrating itself, that now great newspaper may qjso congratulate Itself upon the fact that ut thd beginning It was anything but a email couccru. D. Pkhntich waa ono of those rarely gifted uoo In capable of running a small newspaper, and under his editorial supervision from tbo outset Urn Journal was a great paper, bccauflo It was the exponent of hli own vigorous, vcrtatllo Individuality, and reflected the views of a dear-beaded, keen, fearless thinker and accomplished writer. Uty on his death,’ tho editorial conduct of the panS devolved upon Ilnmir Wattbuson, the present editor, who In All respects has proved hlmscll worthy to bo tho successor ol Tjmsnticb. Tbs consolidation of tho Journal, Courier, and Den* oerat terminated tho ruinous competition that made metropolitan Journalism Impossible at Louisville, and secured for tho Courier-Journal a fair field, and placed nt Mr. WArrsnson's d(* posal ample capital, which ho has liberally ex pended wltli judicious enterprise, the result being to make the Cotirfas/btmiaf the best and Jho most Influential paper In tho whole Boutlu as It Is to-day. Tim Tiudunb has had occasion from time to time to dissent from tho course of the Courier-Journal on questions of public poll, cy, but Ims never failed to recognize tho cn. lightened liberalism that has characterized It under Mr. Wattbksom’s editorial man. ogement. Through It he has probo. bly done more than any man south of tho Ohio to lift tho people of the South out of tho slough of despoud, and le fetch public sentiment there In true accord with tho new order, and that work ho Is Vigorous]! prosecuting. Withal, the Courier-Journal f{ brighter than ever, Infinitely more newsy, and covers a for broader field. To the business sa< guclty of W. N. Haldkman, tho publisher, the markable success, tho greatest achieved by any Southern journal. Indeed, without Mr. llaj.de. man it moy safely ho said that success would have been Impossible, and for his sterling quail, tics he merits lain full share of It. With lu splendid new six-story building that will no| suffer on comparison with the newspaper office* of New York and Chicago, its new Bullock presn. Its well-organized news-bureau and editorial stofl under command of Mr. Wattcbsok, the Courier* Journal Ims entered upon a new career tha( must enlarge fts usefulness, and wo camiot U» less than wish it well. JOHNSOH'B CYCLOPEDIA. Johnson's New Universal Cyclopedia: l Scientific and PopularTreoauryof Useful Know* edge, Illustrated with maps, plans, and engrav Inga. Edlldra-ln-Chlcf, Fjieueiuck A. P. Dai# naud, President of Columbia College, Non York; Ahnold Outot, Professor of Qcologi and Physical Geography, College of New Jersey. Complete In four volumes. Vol. 1, A-E, 4to. pp.,1090. Sold by subscription. Chicago agent! C. G. G. Pains, former teacher In Chicago High School. This noble work owes Its Inception and plan to the late Hoiiacb Giibblbt. With all tho prc-cilsting encyclopedias and dictionaries at' his hand, furnishing In their separate and dis tinctive ways tho knowledge which tho student and writer must have for continual reference, the practical-minded editor of tho New Yotk Tribune still felt tho need of a cyclopedia that would more exactly meet the demands of a busy jvorkor; which would In tho quickest and brief, cat manner answer tho multitudinous require ment- for Information that dally arise In tbs prosecution of the Joiirnallst’s duties. First of all, Mr. Greeley cßisldored that ths model encyclopedia should lie a faWe-boofe; that It should bo In so compact a shape as to find room on tho writing-desk, and thus bo at all times within easy reach. Next, ho asked that It should be a compilation of simple facts, undi luted with rhetoric or criticism. “Give mo tha facts and I will supply the words,” was hit motto, and the necessity of wasting time cob lectlng statistics from the moss of comments and opinions that usually encumber them In works, of reference was an endless Irritation. Finally, ho demanded that -the data provided should bo uniformly accurate and brought down to the hour of publication. In Ids desire ts secure a work possessing these essential charac teristics Mr. Gubbj.bv applied to his friend, ths publisher, Mr. A. J. Johnson, and the encyclo pedia under notice Is the result. During ths few months that Mr. GmfßLEt’s life was pro longed after tho work was put under way ho constantly aided (n Its execution by his advice, and contributed liberally to It with hla pen. The-lost article of importance which ho ever wrote was tho elaborate paper on ths “Confederate States" which appears In this volume. As tho work was so truly the fruit ol his own conception, It may bo regarded In ths light of a final bequest to tho American pcopls by one whose life was spent In advancing riverj cause that was believed to servo tbeir best la terests. In tho names of the editors and associate editors which are inscribed upon tho title-page oi tho present volume there Is a trustworthy nssuiv aucu that tho scheme of this work Is being can rlcd out with fidelity.. In the catalogue of thin ty-two associate editors may be noted cx-Prcsk' dent WooLBCY, of Yale College, Prof. llbnki, of the Smithsonian Institute, Dr. Asa Gkat, ok Howard University, Dr. Andbuson, President of the University of Rochester, Dr. Hakims, Superintendent of Schools, St. Louis, Tiieo poke Gill, of Washington, Dr. Dwiqut, Pro* fessor of Municipal Law, Columbia College, Willakd Paiujck, Professor of Surgery, Co lumbia College, and Dr. SciiApy, Professor of Sacred Literature, Union Theological Seminar}’, New York. In tho list of contributors stand tbo names of 130 American scholars well knomi for their attainments In tho various departments of knowledge. With a corps of writers so exten sive, and composed of men conspicuous for learning and Industry, It moy Justly be expect ed that the work they produce will sustain the closest scrutiny. And so It proves on examination. The arti cles are mainly short, condensed, and pithy, In harmony with the original intention; but they cover almost every known topic, and crowd Into tho smallest space the salient points relat ing to each. Particular attention has been paid to geography, especially to that of tho United States. Every township is given, with Us population (u 1670, and every town with 1,000 inhabitants and upwards has u description according with its size and Importance. For eign geography Is treated with less detail, and yet Is unusually lull. Tho section of biography Ims been Judiciously supervised, mid tbo names of many living men of note are found within II which elsewhere cannot bo met with. To give them room, some worthies of past ages, whose fume has become scarcely more than a tradition, have necessarily and wisely been dropped out. In the departments of law, medicine, pliiloso phy, and physical and natural science, tho same caro for practical usefulness has been manifest ed. To omit nothing of value to the work, ths features o( a pronouncing dictionary are added, every tltlo of an article heiug accented, and, In puzzling cases, the phonetic spelling being also given. Thu encyclopedia Is to bo complete in foul volumes, and tho first one (now ready for circu lation) will, ou a cursory inspection, satisfy the most critical that tho work has unique and in valuable merits. F. A. W. Boys will be. boys the world over doubtless uutlt boys cd&so coming Into the world, and s« doubtless until the raco bo extinct, Anglo-Baxos boys, during tbo tbrco or four years before thch beards sprout, will develop tbo Innate procllvltj to tyrannize over tbelr fellows. For ages tliai boyish barbarism bos been proof against all thi civilizing Influences college tutors and profess ore could brlug to bear In and in tbit country; Vnd tbo boys of each generaton, sup posed of course to have outgrown It, only went out from college Into the world mure flrmly set In tbo same obstinate uotlon of getting tlusli rights by trampling upon cverbody else’*-* which aggressive Anglo-Saxon trait, perbapj ifter till is at the base of our democracy that leaves every man to “ light It out M for hlmseli In life, provided always U'o makes a fair fight of It. Whether that be the logic of It or not, at all events that boy-barbarism, manliest lu the tyranny of sophomores over freshmen and tbe like, survives quite as lustily as any other relic of barbarism In our midst. In fact, It has last won another triumph at the Wesleyan University of Middletown, Conn. That was brought about abbot plug-hats an 4 wwft h is ou oC the Insllentffr

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