Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 23, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 23, 1876 Page 4
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4 (Pj* Curtfomt « : TERMS OF TUB TRIBUNE. RATtS OP SDDSCnimOK (PATARLB IN ADVANCE). FnnlOßO Prepaid ot thla Office, Baity Edition, postpaid. 1 year * Peru of year at »atne rate. Matted to any addreaa four wceka t0r............. 1.00 fiamlnr Editions Literary and Hellgloui Double M Sheet.. , 8.00 TH-Weelcly, postpaid. 1 year. 0.00 Pane of year ataamerate. ■WEEKLY BDITIOH, POSTPAID. One copy, per year •!•«{ Club of nre. per copy pso ftobof twenty, »*i» The poMnpe ta tftccnla a year, which wa will prepay. Specimen copies aenl free. To prevent delay and mlitakea. be aura and give Poit» lltco addreut In full, Including State and County. Remittance! may be made either by draft, express, }oil-Oilko order, or In registered letter*. atourrlak. "[bums to enr souscmnEns. tatty, del! rered, Sunday excepted, 35 cents per week, bally, delivered, Sunday Included, so eenta per week Adßrc&a TUB TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Uadlwn and Dearbom-iU.. Chicago, 111 AMUSEMENTS. Academy of lUttslo. Poiilh Ifftlrftrret, between Madison and Monroe. silcty entertainment Now Chirnffo Theatre. Clark MrccU between- Randolph sod Lake. Dooley's .Mhutrels. Ylaoley’a Theatre. Randolph street, between Clark and LaSalle. En gagement of Daly'a Fifth Avenue Compn&y. *' Flqno.* MoViehcr’n Theatre. Madison street, between State and Dearborn. En* trsitcinenl 'of Waggle Mitchell. •'Monnclta o* ft'carlltiorno," Womt’s Museum. Monroe street, between Dearborn and State. After* f icons ** Invtilblc Prince.” Evenings Frank B. Aiken n “Ucrtjor, Ocean to Ocean.'* TUESDAY, MAY 23, 187 G. Greenbacks at tho Now York Gold Ex change closed at 69. Slightly wanner weather is prognosticated by tho weather prophet for this region to- The House Committee on Rules have de termined to got rid of “bigormon” Fitz- Buon by abolishing tho office of Doorkeeper fot tho present. Fitzhugh safely out of the Way, a “ litler man,” and one not addicted » writing foolish letters, will probably bo fthoson to tho restored office. An exceedingly sensible plan is likely to fco agreed upon in cose tho Senate assumes jurisdiction in the Belknap impeachment. To save time, and enable tho Senate to pro ceed with its regular business, it is proposed to appoint a commission to take tho testi mony in the case and report to tho Senate. The expected universal hegiro to the Cen tennial has not yet taken place, tho attend ance of people paying CO cents apiece to see the groat Exhibition having, on no day since Che opening, exceeded sixteen thousand. Tho affair is, however, in everything bat attend ance and liberal, nnsoctorian management, en effort entirely croditoblo to tho American people and foreign monnfootnroTS who havo brought it to its present near degree of com* n lotion. There are indications that tho British Gov ernment will recede from tho position taken hi tho Winslow cose, and endeavor to find Borne solution of the difficulty other than a point-blank refusal to comply with the terms of the treaty. It is believed that the Gov ernment will ask that WiNSLOwbe further re manded to-day, and tho Pall Mai Gazette, hitherto on tho side of tho Government, urges that steps be taken to refer to tho courts tho question whether tho Ashburton Treaty is excepted from tho operation of tho Municipal act of 1670. Victor Hugo yesterday electrified tho French Senate by a superb plea for general amnesty for the convicted and exiled Com munists. Ho was listened to with eager at tention, warmly applauded, and at tho close was congratulated by some of his opponents upon his magnificent speech. So for, so good. When, however, the time come for the Ministry to bo hoard from on the other Bide of the amnesty question, the Senator intrusted with the matter arose and simply Bald: “Tho Government finds nothing to reply to in M. Hugo’s speech 1” The vote was then token on the question, and the cause for which tho great Radical had ex erted his brilliant powers of oratoiy received only eight votes. Tho trial of ox-Suporvisor Munh for com plicity in tho whisky frauds 1s drawing to a close. Arguments for tne defense wore made yesterday by Messrs. Doolittle and lAgersoll, the speech of tho latter being one of the chief features of this interesting trial. Reference was mode in Got Ingeesoll’b ad dress, os in many other instances during the progress of the case, to tho purchase of testi mony by tho Government at tho price of immunity or leniency to tho part*** who havo furnished important testimony for the prosecution. That there is not the slightest foundation for those allegations End inslduations plainly appears from a dispatch received yesterday from Blutord Wilson, Solicitor of tho Treasury, stating that no arrangement or understanding with Reum or Hesino has been had, tho Secretary of tho Treasury leaving that matter entirely to tho prosecuting officers and tho courts, end regarding the question of immunity to witnesses os exclusively within the control of the Court. Oov. Kellogg, of Louisiana, has seen the President, and the latter has given Ids opin ion on affairs in Louisiana. This opinion is said to havo boon of a Tory direct and out spoken character, and ono which the Gover nor could not, if ho would, fail to compre hend- The President, like many others who havo thought seriously on tho subject, has questioned tho propriety of Kellogg and several of his prominent State officials mak ing a prolonged visit to tho National Capital at a time when their presence at home was so Imperatively needed. With this view of tho fitness of things the Notional Executive has informed tho Louisiana Governor that tho interests of peaca and good order in his State would bo much better served if His Excellency Will iam Pitt Kellogg would make haste to pack his carpet-bag and repair at once to Now Orleans instead of wasting his time in lolioiting aid from tho Government to sup press disorders which may bo properly dealt with by the State authorities if the Governor limself will only get to work in tho right •ray, The Chicago produce markets were gen trolly less active and steadier yesterday, ex cept wheat. Mess pork declined !7}o per brl, dosing at $20.82} for June and $20.60 (or July. Lard was 6o per 100 lbs lower, closing at $12.20 cash and $12.85 for July. Meats were unchanged, at 7}o for boxed •boulders, lOjo for do short riba, and ll}o for do short clears, Lake freights were dull, st for wheat to Boflslo. Rail freights were doll end unchanged. High* wines were firm, at SI.OB per gallon. Flonr was in fair demand and steady, moat closed l}o higher, at $1.06} cash and $1.07} for ‘June. Corn closed }c higher, at 47jc for May and for Juno. Oats closed firm, at 81j@nigo cosh and 303@30}0 for Jnno. Bye was stronger, at 69@700. Barley was easier, at 72@730 for May and 69(®69}e for Juno. Hogs wore fairly active, atC@loo decline, common to primo selling at $G.76@7.10. Cattle wore dull and weak. Sheep wero scarce. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $112.37.} in greenbacks at the close. .tia.eo Mayor Hotnb proposes that no time shall be lost in corryingoat the policy of retrench ment recommended in his inaagural mes sage. His authority was exorcised lost even ing in communications to the Connell an nouncing that he had removed from ofllco tho entire Health Department, from tho Pres ident of the Board down to and including tho sanitary policemen, and appoint ed Dr. MoVicsxn as Heallti Officer; also that ho had removed Mike Bailbt, Chief Bailding Inspector, and his corps of assistants; that ho had removed S. S. Hates, City Comptroller, and appointed R. P. Deriokson ns his successor; and that ho had removed R. E. Goodell, City Marshal, and recommending that tho present Superintendent reorganize tho police force. In tho cases of the Board of Health and tho City Comptroller tho notion of tho Mnyorwns concurred in by tho Common Coun cil last evening, while the removals of tbo Building Inspectors and City Marshal were referred to appropriate committees. Among tho Cabinet changes effected yes* terday none has sot the Presidential appa ratus awry so ranch as tho appointment of Don Cameron as Secretory of War. Thoro is an excited state of uncertainty as to tho actual significance of tho Appointment— whether it is merely for the purpose of giv ing Pennsylvania the Cabinet position which tho President has long had in view for her, or whether it is a move in the interest of Conkling, whoso pronounced supporters tho Camerons are known to bo. Tho Blaine men are displeased, for tho now War Secretary is said to bo committed to tho task of engineering the Pennsylvania delega tion against Blaine at Cincinnati; tho Mor ton men are nonplussed, because of tho President’s recent pledge that bo would do nothing that should oven have tho appear ance of a preference in tho sncccssorsliip, and tho Appointment of Don Cameron is difficult to reconcile with this pledge. Abont the only people who keep cool ond don’t dis tress themselves abont the matter are the Bristow men, who have nothing to expect from tho machine in any event, and who ore firm in the faith that this year Washington manipulations will not govern tho result at Cincinnati. THE STATE CONVENTION. The Illinois Republican State Convention will moot at Springfield on Wednesday—to morrow—-to nominate a ticket for State offi cers, and to appoint delegates to the Cincin nati National Convention. That tho Conven tion will bo large, enthusiastic, and eventually harmonious, there con bo no doubt. There are two points, however, on which meditative and thoughtful action should prevail. These are in the matter of instruct ing the delegates as to their votes for a Pres idential candidate, and with respect to tho platform or declaration of principles. Tho National Convention will, within twenty days, adopt a national platform upon which the whole Republican party of tho United States will enter the campaign. The Republicans of the several States may therefore properly forego any formal plat form, and leave that business to tho National Convention. To nominate a State ticket and Presidential electors on one platform, and have tho Presidential candidates nominated on a different, and, as in some cases, neces sarily a conflicting one, is one of tho em barrassing accidents liable to follow any at tempt to forestall tho opinion of the National Convention. Tho Convention will do well, therefore, to omit any formal declaration of platform, especially upon all points on which there is a difference of opinion in the country. Tho Stats will bo represented at Cincin nati by forty-two citizens, chosen, presum ably, for their patriotism, intelligence, and sound judgment These delegates ore to go to Cincinnati to meet with tho delegates of bo thirty-seven other States, and with them to act for tho best interests of tho whole Re publican party, which are of greater impor tance than tho interests of any individual, and wo toko it that delegates are to be chosen who will vote and act os they may think will best promote party success and the national welfare. Delegates from Illinois will meet at Cincinnati othcrdelegates from other ports of the country, and tho eventual choice of tho whole Oonvontion is to bo determined by such considerations as upon fall deliberation and careful comparison of circumstances shall indicate tho man who ought to bo nom inated. Those delegates are to be common arbitrators for the whole party. To instruct on arbitrator as to tho de cision bo shall make upon hearing the whole ease is an injustice. It ties the bands, controls tho will, destroys the influ ence, and ignores the judgment of the dele gates ; It loaves them helpless, except to re peat, parrot-liko, tho instructions received, and prevents their defeating a bod choice, when if nninstrncted they might do so. No candidate ought to bo nominated who can not obtain the votes of a majority of nuin- Btracted delegates, who, looking ot tho whole case in the full light of ell the information and experience of six hundred representa tives of all ports of tho eoaatry, shall reach an impartial decision. That the Oonvontion, if loft free, will reach a wise conclusion we havo no doubt, and wo think that Illinois, who bos no “ favorite son," but who wants tho best man, should leave her delegates free to act for tho best interests of the party as the circumstances at Cincinnati may deter mine. It appears that certain Congressmen from this State havo concluded that the Republic ans of Illinois are not able to get through a State Convention without somebody coming from Washington to steer them. They have accordingly sent one of. their number to accomplish tho Job of instructing the dole gates to Cincinnati to vote os a unit for a par ticular candidate. Tho impolicy of such action is obvious, for the reason that events may happen between now and the 14th of Juno which will render tho instructions a source of extreme embarrassment. The other Western States which havo no candi date of their own to present have wisely loft their delegates free to do the best thing for their party, and Illinois should do the same, more especially since Illinois has had tho Presidency four terms in succession. Moreover, the attempt of Oongrcaamjn to THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: TUESDAY. MAY 23, 1876. dictate to a State Convention has always boon a signal failure in the past, and ought to ho. DEIBTOW AS PRESIDENT—SOUTHERN CLAIMS. A troll and forcibly written loiter, in which tho probable course of Mr. Bristow, in coro ho bo elected President, upon certain point* Is discussed, appears in Tns TntnuKß this morning. Conceding everything that hasboon claimed for Mr. Bristow, the writer, for him* self and others, presents certain radical ob jections which ho considers must be satis factorily removed. These objections, briefly stated, are as follows: 1. Will Mr. Bbistow, as President of tho United Slates, with a Confederate Congress to deal with, in cose of a conflict of interests between tho Union and tho Confederate sec tions, have the courage and patriotism to protect tho former? 2. That tho Confederates have a majority in one House and are strong in the other; that the South demands in the way of claims by her citizens compensation for all the dam ages and losses sustained by tbo War; that it Is within tho discretion of Congress to pay these claims or not; that in tho demand tho South will bo a unit; woald Bristow, if President, approve or veto tho bills passed allowing those claims? 3. Is tho Republican party so poor in hon est and ablo men that it must go to Ken tucky—a State which will* not give it on electoral vote—for a candidate? There seems to be an assumption that tho next President must have a Confed erate Congress to deal with. If there bo a Republican President elected in November, there will almost certainly bo a Republican majority in the next House of Representa tives. A Republican President, therefore, whether It bo Bristow or any other, will have a party majority in both branches of Congress at least daring the first two years of his term. * Tho question of Southern claims Is, wo confess, one of the many serious subjects which threoton the integrity of tho Union. Though measurably unseen, it is tho bed rock on which rests tho Southern advocacy of an unlimited issue of paper money. When tho money gets cheap, a system of magnifi cent expenditure is to follow. Every scheme of subsidy is to bo voted, a liberal policy is to bo extended to claimants, the inexorable law which stands between tho bankruptcy of tho Union and tho confiscation of tho War losses of the Southern people is to bo swept away, and upon tho nation at largo is to be entailed tho burden of paying tho actual losses of all tho people. Wo regret to nay that on this question there has been much lamentable weakness on the part of Northern Republicans in Con gress. By legislation the doors of tho Court of Claims havo been gradually widened, and many Southern claims, once excluded, have found their way there to judgment and pay ment. Nothing has been easier. A number of claimants barred by law from a hearing in that Court club together, employ ox-Oabinct officers, ox-Ssnators, and others, and in time the gates of the Court ore opened and fresh classes of claims are admitted. It would possibly bo a national blessing if the Court of Claims were abolished. The great law governing all the claims made by people in tho Southern or Rebel States is tho universal one that all persons residing in time of war in an enemy’s coun try are to bo held os enemies, and they have no claim for any damages resulting from the prosecution of tho war to tboir persons or property in tho enemy’s country. That is the universal law, which, once thrown down, places tho people of Texas and Alabama, so far os war losses, on the same footing with the people of Ohio and Pennsylvania. Yet eminent Republican Senators, like Hows of Wisconsin, havo advocated tho making of exceptions to this rale of war, and to what extent claims have boon allowed and passed by Republican Congresses wo cannot now say. Each of the Departments have committed to them by Congress several classes of claims, with authority and direction to settle. Many and conspicuous have been the mis takes, blunders, and gross outrages commit ted by Secretaries in the payment of theso Southern claims, many of them largely fraudulent. The Belknap-Pendleton coho was one of this class. Since Mr. Bristow has been Secretary of the Treasury bo has signalized his administration by the rejection of every one of these claims over which the law gave him the least discretion. Though a Kentuckian, and all parties supposed to be concerned wero Kentuckians, no man will protend that Bdistow would have reopened that Kentucky railroad case for Mr. Pendle ton; that was a favor ho got from Mr. Bel knap, of lowa. What guarantee is there that a Republican Congress elected with the Republican Presi dent in 1870 will not break down more of this law which excludes those Southern claims ? Should that Congress do this, what guanmtoo is there that the President elected with that Congress will not opprovo the action of his party ? The only guarantee for tho future is the record of the past, and there con bo no more certain one. Why is Mr. BnisTow alone to bo considered unsafe ? Has ho over violated tho law, or strained tho law, or evaded the law, for any section of country, or family, or person? Are his personal ante cedents loss trustworthy than those of Mr. Blaine, or Mr. Cone lino, or Mr. Morton? Is he not os a lawyer hood and shoulders above either of them, not only so far as a knowledge of (he law, but in the habit of rigidly executing it? 110 beta doubtless long considered the law of this question of South ern claims; is fully aware that to admit them Is to double tho national debt; and is it likely that Mr. Bristow or any other Re publican elected to tho Presidency, in the absence of personal corruption, would break down his own Administration by sanctioning or approving any such policy as admitting as lawful a demand for several thousands of millions of dollars to pay for the Southern losses in the War? But, it Is said, Mr. Bristow is a Kentuck ian, and, while any man at tho North may bo trusted, the place of his nativity must bo ac cepted os fatal. This objection is one that does not odmit of argument. Personal hon esty, intellectual ability, and indomitable courage have no State limits within which to exist. Wherever they are found they are tho some, in the black race or the white race. They are nowhere indigenous. To assert that no man con bo honest or trusted who was boro in any of tho old slavcholdiug States is to rowrito tho history of tho Ameri can Union. Some of our ablest and purest statesmen have beed of foreign birth. Alexander Hamilton compares favorably with Aiaoa Burr, Hxhrt Olay and Aura uau Lincoln suffer nothing in history be cause born in Kentucky. In tho great Amer ican family, States are but local precincts into which the national heritage is divided; tho same flag, the some name, the same na* Uonaiity, cover aIL To attempt to fix limits beyond which thoro la to bo no virtue, hon esty, Ability,-or statesmanship is to attempt to amond tbo providence of the Almighty. It ia pertinent that wo should add that the want of substanco in this loat objection is shown by tho avowed preference for Judge Davis,— a gentleman born and raised to man hood among the slaveholders of Maryland. In a nation like this, with the free intercourse and Jntor-Stato migration of tho American people, to argue that confidence in to bo given or withhold because of tho State in which a man may have been born, would bo to array society in every locality in domestic strife. Confidence and trust, if given at all, must bo reposed in tho man ; and among tho states men of tho present day that man who, with puro hands, intellectual ability, unblemished official and personal record, known bis duty and is not afraid to perform it, bo ho opposed by'whomsoever dare do so, can bo most safely trusted, oven if ho were not born in Now England and was born in Kentucky. REGULATING JUNK-SHOPS. Tho Grand Jury, in its report to tho Com mon Council with reference to tho regula tion of (ho traffic of jftnk-shops, has struck at ono of the most fruitful sources of crirao in this city. Its report is all tho more valua ble because tho jury is not satisfied with merely calling attention to tho ovil and sug gesting the necessity of reform, but it pro poses two practical methods of dealing with it, which dcsorvo tho immediate attention of tho Council. Tho junk-shops, ns well ns tho pawnbrokers* shops, which arc also included In tho report of tho jury, arc nurseries of crimo. There may bo honest junk-dealers, and thoro may bo now* and then such a rara avis as on honest pawnbroker, but tho ma jority of them are not, and, as they pay but a mere pittance for second-hand articles, they can afford to ran any risk of reclamation. It odds to tho security of their business that much of tho second-hand property disposed of at thcirplaccs, especially ntthe junk-shops, cannot bo identified except with considerable difficulty. Tho fact, therefore, that thoro nro huhdreds, if not thousands, of places open in this city whore goods can bo disposed of without question and with perfect security, is an immense temptation to the idle and dissolute of all classes. Thoro is in this city, as in all larger cities, a class of young vaga bonds who aro never under restraint, and who spend their timo wandering about in search of plunder, prowling about citizens' yards during tho daytime, entering vacant houses and carrying off faucets and plumbing materials. This latter kind of larceny has grown to bo such a serious ovil that no va cant house in tho city, unless it is constantly watched, is secure from tho depredations of those young thieves, who know that they can steal with impunity,, and dispose of their plunder without a question being asked of them. Thcso shops aro therefore tho direct nurseries of crimo, not only affording a shel ter for tho idle, shiftless, dissolute, but also tempting otherwise well-disposed, children to stool, because they can do so with safety. They aro filling tho city with youthful criminals. They aro educating children for tho Penitentiary. They aro inimical to tho interests of proper ty-holders, and, ns at present operated, defy tho proporty-holder to recover his goods or got any satisfaction from tho man who has purchased them, knowing them to bo stolon. Householders, retail dealers, railroad corpo rations, in fact almost every person owning property which is movable, aro suffering continual losses, owing to tho swarms of youthful tbioves who can steal with impunity and dispose of their plnnder at these reposi tories for stolon goods. To correct this evil, the Grand Jury sug gest Homo very practical remedies. First, that all Bocond-band dealers, pawnbrokers, jauk-dcalors, or what-not, shall file every morning at the Central Police Station a complete inventory of the articles pur chased by them the day before, and that they shall keep these articles five days before selling them, so that people may have an opportunity of reclaiming their property. Second, that the rates of license shall be greatly increased, that none but persons of honest reputation shall bo licensed, and that they shall be required to give bonds that they will obey the law. As the law now stands, any dishonest man in the community can go into the business by simply paying the license-rate, which is ri diculously small, considering the largo profits of tho business. The third sugges tion, which is a very important one, reads as follows t Buying each articles from minors should be pro hibited, unless accompanied by the written consent of parents or guardians; and in the case of second hand lead pipe, or lend in any shape, melted from such pipe, sinks, faucets, and all kinds of second hand plumbing materials, the purchase of all such minora should ho absolutely prohibited; and, fur ther, should not bo allowed to bo sold or purchased by persons of lawful ago, except the certificate and consent of tho owner or agent of tho building from which It was taken (giving the exact number and locality of said building) shall lu every case accom pany the material sold. With rigid penalties for tho violation of theso ordinances there is no doubt they would tend to suppress a large share of tho potty larcenies by young boys and half grown vagabonds which have bccomo such a nuisance in this city. It may not bo possi ble to check them altogether, but it is cer tainly a safeguard which honest people have tho right to claim that some measure shall ho devised by tho Common Council to protect them from tho depredations of these youth ful scoundrels and the receivers of stolen property. It moy bo that the GonnoU can doviso still tnoro radical and satisfactory pro tective laws. Be this as it may, tho honest people of the city will look to the now Coun cil to do something in their interests. THE CABINET CHANGES. The Cabinet changes announced this morn ing ore the most sensational nows from Wash ington. They havo grown out of the neces sity for filling the vacant mission to England. Mr. Kdwabds Pubuepont having been ap pointed to this post, the office of Attorney- Qenerol was vacated. Mr. Alonzo W. Taft, who succeeded Belknap os Secretary of War, was selected as Attoruoy-Qonorul, which left the Secretaryship of War open, and to this Don Oamebon has been nominated. Two of the appointments are good. Mr. Piebrepont is probably as fit a man as could havo been induced to accept tbo English mission at the present time, when but a few months remain before the expiration of *Qen. Grant's term, and Mr. Taft is even better adapted for the office of Attomey-Qonoral than ho was for the War Deportment; and, in his new position, ho wi;i bring intelligent and efficient support to the prosecution of the rovonas thieves which has been so successfully inaugurated by tbo tiocretaiy of the Treasury. But it woold al most seem that these changes were all mode to put Mr. Don . Oauebon in the position formerly held by bla father. Mr. Don Gam mon is an able man, and a 44 chip of the old block,'* and a perfect ring politician. He has been a successful railroad manager and has abundant ability; but ho is not tho kind of man to commend h’msolf to the present tono of public sentiment, which is opposed to that sort of politics with which tho Oawkhoh family have generally boon associated. AVo very much fear that tho now Secretory 'would not make thosaving of $0,000,000 for (ho next fiscal year which Mr. Taft discovered was possible. It is also hinted that Mr. Caji kbon’s appointment is a concession to tho Pennsylvania machine men in tho interests of Mr. CoNKLDto's nomination at. Cincinnati. If thoro is any truth in this rnmor, it is forc ing tho people to pay somewhat dearly for something they do not want at any prico. Of conrso tho changes that have been made have provoked rumors of other changes yet to come, and among those is predicted tho retirement of Secretary Diuhtow. Sonic con firmation of this’is oited in tho passage by tho Senate of a relief bill ovor tho veto of tho President, said veto having been suggest ed, as is alleged, by tho Secretary of tho Treasury. Wo do not take much stock in this rumor. Tho bill in question was com paratively unimportant. It involved a claim of SIG 4, which is said to havo boon wrong fully collected from n couple of men named Tiles and Duckett, as keepers of a bonded warehouse in Kentucky, Now, even if tho Secretary of the Treasury bo mistaken in his judgment in this matter, — though tho sentiment of tho Sonata is by no means conclusive as to this, —wo cannot see in what sonso a couple of mon who were novor hoard of before, or an error of judg ment in tho right direction to collect a tax of $lO4, can ho permitted to lead to tho retire ment from tho Cabinet of the most efficient and valuable officer of tho Government. Tho wholo story sounds too much like a tempest in a teapot, and Gen. Grant can hardly afford to "permit Mr. Biubtow to retire from tho Treasury Department just after ho has appointed Don Oamebon to tbo War De partment. 70N ROLLEN'S CORRUPTION. Oiublxs Hetpkr, brother-in-law of Yoh Hollxn, tbo defaulting and fugitive City Collector, baa explained (perhaps unwitting ly) the real secret of the latter's corruption. Von Hollch’s downfall is attributable, from tho evidence of those most intimate with his career, to his connection with tho so-called “ People's Party," which was organized two and a half years ago ostensibly to 4< liberal ize'" the liqnor and Sunday ordinances, but really for public plunder. Yon Hollen was a tolerably docent fellow when first elected to office. Ills habits were good, and his in clinations scorned to be honest. Dnring tho finit two years of bis service there was prob ably no time when bo could not have made good bis accounts. The testimony of Bben han, his first cashier, is to this effect, and it is worthy of credence. Bat when ho iden tified himself with tho bummer clement and became their candidate for re-election, he ga'ro himself up freely to tho now associa tions he was forced tb cultivate. From that time ho began tostay out late at night and neglect his homo and family. Ho had almost constant business with “ Mr. Me- Ga3uiy” or “ Sir. Foley.” Do become an habitue of the saloons. Ho took to drinking mare or less. Ho joined tho Bean Glub and tho Ciftmops. . Ho was contaminated by tho crowd ho was training with, and when ho got to gambling thoro was soon an end of him. His habits and tho condition of his accounts would have attracted attention long before if tho City Government and Council hod been in tho hands of a different class of men, and a largo part of his defal cation might have been saved by a prompt exposure of his real condition. Bat tho class in control wore accustomed to drink ing, spreoiug, and gambling, and a port of thorn wore deriving too much personal profit from plucking him to assist in stopping his system of plunder. So ho was permitted to ran the length of his rope, and it was not till ho became satisfied that the late city ad ministration could hold on no longer that ho confessed his crime by flight to a foreign country. However sorrowful tho personal aspects of such a career are, a much more important consideration is the public interest, and Von Hotxek’s corruption should bring forcibly to mind that public trusts cannot bo confided to the class that has been running this city for two years and a half without serious conse quences, of which Yon Hollek’s defalcation is n specimen. Whether or not his plunder ing is tho only case that w£U bo exposed, time alono can establish. But tho people of Chi cago have hod a narrow escape. They per mitted tho control of municipal affairs to pawl into tho hands of loafers, gamblers, and saloon-keepers of tho bummer class. Some of these follows are now before the community os confessed Uiiovcs and blackmailers. The re action lost fall did not come ono moment too soon, nud it is fortunate that tho defeat of HraiiKo was followed up this spring by tho election of a Reform Council and tho over throw of the usurping Mayor whom llesino and Rom sot up. But tho people must be vigilant in their own behalf. There is reason to apprehend that tho bummer load ers are so confident in the demoralization of thin community, brought obont by contam ination such as Von Hollen suffered, that they believe they will bo permitted to re sume their former influence. Thera is no doubt that they will bo xnnko a desperate fight to that end. Tho people must not weary in the now political interest they have developed, and the next point of attack should bo tho County Board. THE NAVAL INVESTIGATION. The investigation into the conduct of the Naval Department bos not resulted in mak ing out on actual case of Belknapory against Secretary Robeson. He is not proved to havo been a bribe-taker himself, but he has kept near him as bis next friends the Oat txluj, who have made use of their close re lations with him to blackmail contractors, which they confess to have done to the amount of upwards of throe hundred thou sand dollars. They in foot stood so close to the Secretary that contractors could only got at the Deportment through them and upon payment of their blookmail commissions. Thus a single firm was forced to pay the Oat tells $140,000 to obtain one contract, and the like levies have been made upon other contractors running through the whole of Houeson's administration. The corrupt funds havo not been traced to his possession, but the affair has an ugly look ; and the best. possible that can be said of him Is that in the moat culpable manner he utterly neglected the duties of his office, and kept so near him these Oattells, who were old Jersey friends of his, that U ho had paid the slightest re gard to what was going on he must have known they were stealing. The investigation discloses the most shameful state of corruption in the navy yards. Holton ships were repaired and sev eral vessels taken to pieces for no other pur pose than to necessitate the purchase of more material, and the consequent- ly of more contracts, with Oattell's com missions to oomo in. Vessels woro built thnfc rotted on tbo stocks, nod rotten hulks kept Afloat at great expense, simply that they might ho tho subjects of novor-onding ex pensive repairs, nil which could not make them seaworthy. No contracts woro allowed to bo lot outside tho Ring built up by tho Cat* tells, and when bids woro invited they woro for what articles woro wanted, together with many others that wero not wanted, tho wholo being included in one bid. Tho Ring mado tho lowest bid on tho wholo, and was systematically relieved from furnishing tho articles not required, whilo as systematically tho Ring’s bids for tho articles required and accepted woro at tho highest figures, Tho liko wastefulness, extravagance, and corrup tion aro disclosed in every branch of tho De partment, and, whilo It is gratifying to find that Robeson is not implicated in tho latter, it is very clear that, In view of all those things, it would have been far better for tho Administration and for tho country if ho had boon removed long ago. Ho has, sinco bis ontrancointo tho Cabinet, boon recklessly ex travagant In tho conduct of his Department, and has opposed all propositions for retrench ment, The fooling has long pervaded tho Republican party that because of this ho was not the right man in tho right place, and, in view of tho recent disclosures, there will bo an imperative demand that his portfolio bo transferred to some man of tho Bristow typo, who has tho administrative ability to cheek stealing in bis Department, and tho courage to do it. THE CITY CERTIFICATES. Mr. Comptroller Hates is excessively tena cious of his own opinions, and weakens him self in tho estimation of tho public by tho earnestness with which ho insists that all other persons shall agree with him. Wo take occasion, however, to repeat that tho system of issuing certificates and borrowing money thereon is capable of being abnsod by a dishonest officer. It is, moreover, ns ac tually practiced for a year post, illegal. In tho suit instituted by Mr. Hates, tho unanimous opinion of tho Circuit Judges of this county, with an ex-Supromo Judge at their head, was to tho effect that tho power of the city to borrow mouoy is limited to tho issue of cer tificates in anticipation of tho collection of taxes already levied and specially appropri ated for tho current year. There tho power of tho city to borrow money begins and ends, and consequently: 1. Tho city lias no authority to issue cer tificates in anticipation of the taxes of 187 G, and use the money to take np certificates is sued before April 1, 1876. 2. Tho city has no logoi authority to nso tho taxes of 1875 as collected to meet tho current expenses of 1876, bat must apply those taxes ns collected to tho redemption of tho outstanding certificates of 1875. 3. The city has no power in 1876 to issue certificates in anticipation of the uncollected taxes of 1875, those taxes having boon al ready anticipated by tbo issue of outstanding paper. It will bo Boon, therefore, that the author ity of tho city to borrow money is cloor ly defined by Court, and is strictly limited, and that when tho city goes beyond that limitation it is violating tho law and is suing unlawful paper. How docs Mr. Hayes propose to pay the $3,000,000 of old outstanding certificates? Is it by tho sale of certificates issued against tho taxes of 187 G? If this bo done, it is in clear and direct violation of law. In what other way can ho toko up those old certifi cates save by applying thereto, as fast as collected, the tax of 1875 and prior years? It is a question which wo will cot now discuss whether tho city con now, in 1870, issue a certificate to bo given in ex change or rcnowol of ono issued against lost year’s taxes; nml it is also a question whether it is not bettor policy to lot all those outstanding certificates remain as they are until they can bo taken up with the money received from tho taxes. Tho question whether tho city can issue paper payable on a fixed date, whether tho taxes oat of which it is to bo paid are then collected or not, was certainly denied by tho decision of tho Court. Tho outstanding paper, whether it so recites or not, is only payable oat of the taxes when collected ; consequently, to leave thot paper until tho tax is collected will not change or weaken tho only legal obligation thot paper can have. The taxes for 1870 cover the authorized ox* ponditnres from April 1 to Deo. 1, 1870. None of these taxes will bo collected boforo January, 1877, and the groat bulk will not bo collected boforo August, 1677. We confess that wo do not see how the city can pay its current expenses, including the interest on the public debt, July and January, without borrowing money in anticipation of those uncollected taxes. On this lost point there is no question as to the power of the city to borrow the money, and, however much the necessity for resorting to that proceeding is to bo regretted, wo do not boo how it Is to be wholly avoided. It may bo in part avoided by the suspension of several contracts, the abolition of several offices, the general re* duction of salaries, and the general reduction of expenditures. Mr, Hates in his letter says : « Tlio $2,800,000 of our temporary debt, being all that remain* nnpnld, was Incurred for money to pay the Interest on our funded debt and for other llgitlmalo purpose*), all In anticipation of taxes and within the appropriations. 1 am for paying this debt honestly ns it matures. Tint Tihuune Is not, but wishes the city to take the position of an insolvent debtor, under the false assumption that tlio obligation Is questionable. This U nothing but repudiation In disguise, and hut thinly disguised at that This is cheap buncombe, &U the more cheap because wholly unfounded. Tub OinoAOO Tuidunb has never proposed the repudiation of a dollar of tho public debt, whether tho snmo was represented by cer tificates legally issued or not. When Mr. Ilares vehemently and for so long insisted tlmt it was repudiation to question tho legal ity of scrip which recited that it was issued under authority of laws that had been re pealed, Tins Tribune, while holding tho scrip to bo Illegal, contended that itshouldbopaid. And now, when tho Courts have compelled, th e Comptroller to abandon his old form of cortificatos and adopt a legal one, wo havo tho old cry of repudiation. The best and most certain way to ovoid repudiation is for the Comptroller to keep within the law. So long as ho does that, there will bo no tajk of repudiation. lie vans! learn the lesson that, even bo is subject to tho law. If the Comptroller will devote a little of his energy to the preparation of aome amendments to tho Revenue law, whereby the collection of back taxes can be promoted, and whereby it will become more profitable to the tax-payer to pay his taxes than not to do so, he will contribute largely to the rem edy of the evil under which this and all other cities in Illinois labor in the way of collect ing taxes. As it Is, the law allows the tax payer to borrow the amount of his taxes from the State, county, and other municipal* Uy, instead of paying those taxes to carry ©a tho Government. Tho Congronsionat investigation into Mr. Blaine's alleged receipt of Little Rook ft Fort Smith Railroad bonds as a gratuity having fully determined that ho was never tho owner of tho bonds referred to (which Cob. Scott afterwards pat off on tho Union Pacific), Mr. Josxrn D. Stewabt has now made a statement which just os completely sots at rest tho story in regard to Blaine's acceptance of Kansas Faoifla bonds. DivesU cd of a lot of complications arising ont of tho law-salt which Mr. Stewart brought against tbo Kansas Pacific, tho charge was that Stewart, as an agent of the Kansas Pacific (then tho Eastern Division of the Union Pacific), had delivered to Mr. Claims twenty-five of Us bonds as a gratuity. It was cited in support of this charge that Jamct W. Khowltoh, now deceased, but formerly a student in tho law-office of Athwart ft Riddle, in Washington, hod once witnessed tho transfer of twenty-five Kn nsas Pacific bonds whilo Mr. Blaine was do Boted in an inner office with Mr. Stew ard r. It' was also said that tho record of Stewart's caso ogolnst tho Kansas Pa :iQo Company showed that ho had wr. itton a letter to Jom? D. Pebrt, Pr jsldont of the Kansas Pacific Company, in wh ioh ho referred to bonds transferred to Blaine" among others, and that tho roc ord further contained a stipulation be tw« son tho two partied to tbo suit that “ John E. Blaine” was tho holder of certain bonds. Bn eh was tho circumstantial evidence tend lug; to connect James G. Blaine with the transaction. 13i dispelling tbs erroneous . inference dm Km from thoso circumstances, Mr. Btsw. Am f baa found it necessary to enter into the details of his law-suit, occupying several columns and of no interest to the public. He produces, however, a power-of-ottornoy from Join h E. Blainb, which forms part of tho roeori 1, and which was doted as far back os 18C3. ’ As this portion of his statement of itetilf disproves the charge that Jakes O. Blaine ever hod any interest in £ho bonds, ire reprodlnco it. Mr. Stewaht soys s I wm employed by a number of those holding the eo claim* and alleged Interest* In the Leaven wo rtb, Pawnee * Western Railroad Cdmpany to act tie and adjust their claims against tho Union Put dfic Railway, E. D,, and among others I re coh red the following power and warrantor attor ney from John E. Blainb: /} late of Katuat, City of Leavenworth: Know oil men by these presents that Joseph B. Stxwaht. of' A'ashlngton, D. C., la fully empowered and not horlzcd by mo to settle my claims against the Lea jrenworto, Pawnee & Western Railroad Corn pan y bearing date May S 3, 1802, and to adjust the son ie on any basis that may seem to blm fair and cqu liable, and to receive and receipt for, In my nnii to, all dues to me from said Leavenworth, Paw nee A Western Railroad Company. Witness my Imn d and seal this 10th day of May, 1803. John B. Blainb. T ntness: Thomah P. Pwioon. *1 blspowcr-of-attorncyis dated May 10, 1803, am tls witnessed by tho Hon, Tiiovas P. Fbnlon, oni >of tho first lawyers and » leading Democratic pot fitlcian in tho State of Kansas, and was received by mo In duo course of mail after its date, and I ha. 1 adjusted the claim by compromise under an tb< trlty of this power of attorney on tho part of Jo dkE. Blainb with the late Sawobl lUllett fu fly two years before I made the personal sc qu olntanco of the lion. Janes Q. Blaine, which wi is not till early in tho year 1836, and before I kr sir that John £. Blainb was his brother. This power-of-ottornoy shows conclusively tb at James Q. Blaine was never interested in . the transaction, which seems to have been ai liiroly legitimate asbotweon JohnE. Blazni ac id tho Kansas Pacific Company. As to the let rtor from Mr. Stewabt to Pebut, President 0 I tho .Kansas Pacific, the former says be did 1 lotwriTo** Blaine," but spoke of Blainb 1 ry tho ;family name simply, os of tho others i lor whon i ho had transferred bonds, simply * because they wore oil known to Febdt, ond 5t was not necessary to use first names. The stipulation that John E. Blaine was th® holder of a certain number of bonds was not* exceptional* and had not the significance which has b eon attached to it, since other stipulations of a similar character are of record, and w« ere made to simplify the cose by disposing »that portion v of the bonds about which tl loro was no dispute between Stewabt and Iho Company. As to ton’s appooran co in the controversy, Mr. Stewaet mainU ins stoutly that he had never seen Mr. James • G. Blaine in his (Stbwabt's) office, biecauso Hzjlzmb never was there, and .it must ihavo bcoi i a case of mistaken identi* 'ty, SzzRVAJtT aco odes to Mr. Biddle's prop* msition, however, that the bonds shall be ■produced', to boo whether Mr, Knowltoks name is on thorn, and ho has sent to the Master ht Qhancciry of the United Stater Circuit C< mrtior Kansas, In whose poasesaion the bonds now ore, asking him to give the necessary information. He knows that Mr. Knowltoi i witnessed many papers while in his office, Int is confident these bonds were not oznont f the number. "OMTUAET. OWKN MAHLOWH. Tho tcl( £raph Saturday recorded tie dealt at the Maeaa etuaetta General Hospital ol the la* vorilo act or, Given Maeeowe. He waa ol En gllsh birt. a, and about 10 jeara of age. He came to Amcrli at at the age ol 25, and made Wa debut at the ol d Bam urn’s Museum, New York, in Septembi r, 1855, ploying Lamp to O’Keefe s “Wild O its. After a short season ho made a tour thr oud i Buffalo, Toronto, and several Southern . dtlt -s, establishing himself everywhere as a gc ncrol favorite. Ho appeared ai Laura Kecno'a Theatre, and tailßM became' member of tlv a Arch Street Theatre, Pldlade phla, no ilcr N Ira. John Duuw'b managemen. He remi lined ■ mere tour eoaaona, and then >• turned to Wl dlaek’a, where ho gave the art perlomianeo . ol Captain ITwtra In “Caste He remained at WaUaelt’a three aeaaona ad then wont to C iolllornla, playing two aeaaonan San Francisco. Alter allying ylalt to Englsd he reappeared In New York In “Around M World In Elg) ity Daya," andlaat .eaaon nriooccd a acrid >ol brilliant perlormaucea aU» Gtlobo Theatre, Boston. TIIBUBV-1 nJOMAS BDOBKB LBOOHAI9. The New Yo» k papers record the death oftbo Rev Tiiomak 1 Euoenb Lboohais, which oo cnrredlnthate Ity Tuesday last. Howaaalery eminent cccleah wtlc and a member ol the Oder of Jesus. Hew*, is bom at Nantes to 1703, ad » m early ags N 'gan the study of tho law. Al« "though ho raiult i a brilliant start to his pto”* slon, to 1831 he entered the Society of I was ordained : four years later by Mgr. m** ointbb. In 183 3he came to America and coo* menccd his mUs lonary labors at Bt. Mary's tot* lege, Kentucky, . where ho remained fourteen years. He this i went to Bt John s Colleg i Fordluun, and fit ir twenty-three jears was oae o tho most pr« utoont members of the urue there. In 1363 bo removed to Bt Frauds Xavier College t Mow! fork, where he died. There* is oni ) nuisance in tho city of every ecrioua characb sr, which .houkl at ohm engag the atte ..thm u t tho police. We jOledo to Urn crowd, ot hoy. a, awormlng In all .tho atraat whoro t hero are elude tree* killing and mrtm lug hln Is with rubber-spring guna or oltogo, which li i velocity r apd accuracy «o almost aa = u drea maT Thla practice ta going ?“ SI lIT right m the faiot the police, who = Ding ftba ut with nnthlo* to do during tho day, and. who aoem to bo calmly todluorep. to tho t act that lit la lu direct violation.of tj valuable * time, we i suggest to them that

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