Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 27, 1876, Page 7

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 27, 1876 Page 7
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'■'"3NTENNIAL. jjrupp’s Enormous Engine of Doath and Destruction. First Meeting of the Board of Judges. Ceremonies in the Hall—Appear ance of the Assemblage. A Pleasant nnd lively Lunch-Party— Tho Toasts and Speeches, Grievances or the Foreign Commissioners —Growl of a Correspondent. TESTERDAT. KROPP’B “POP.” Special Dltpalch to T7,e Tribune. Philadelphia, Pa., May 20.—There has been another of those cool yet pleasant days with which we have been favored lately, and the popu lation took advantage of it la visit the Centen nial in largo numbers. The great Krupp gun, It was expected, would arrive on the Centennial grounds to-day, when It was Intended to place it an its carriage In Germany’s space lu Ma chiiicry-Holl. Tho weight of the gun Is 70 tons, and of tho carriage SO tons. The delay in bringing the gun here was caused by delay in getting It off the ship, no derrick being sufficiently strong to bear Its •vcigUt. RUSSIA. Over thirty car-loads of machinery were deliv ered In Machinery Hall yesterday for the Rus sian Department. In this department Russia is erecting extensive partitions In her space. The management lias allowed her to utilize the wails for exhibiting small castings, bolts, nuts, ttc. FLORAL AND FILTCAL One of the most Interesting features now In tho exhibition grounds is the display of rhododen drons made by Mr. Waters, of London, Eng. The flowers arc now In full bloom, and should be seen within tho next week, after which they will begin to fade. The Horticultural Bureau announces the arrival of a large number of tree ferns from Australia, which arc now being planted In the hall* Tho vessel In which they arrived was flvo months on tho voyage, and tho ferns have been materially injured during that time. TRB GOVERNMENT FOO-RORN will soon resound on the grounds to announce the hours of opening and closing. CENTENNIAL JOTTINGS. A GREAT DAT—MEETING OP TRB JUDGES—CERE MONIES IN TRB HALL—APPEARANCE OF THE ASSEMBLAGE—TUB SPEECHES AND TOASTS—A QUIET LUNCH—COMPLAINTS OP THE FOREIGN COMMISSIONERS—A CORRESPONDENT’S GROWL. Special Correspondence r\f Tho Tribune. Philadelphia, May 34.—'This day hoe been rendered memorable In the history of tho Amer ican Centennial Exhibition hy the meeting of the International Jury, or rather of the Board of Judges, as they arc Judges rather than Jur ors in the ordinary understanding of the term. You have had tho programme of tho affair by telegraph, and know that the procession entered tho Judges’ Hall at precisely 12 o’clock, while Gilmore's Band was throwing Itself on some thing nice in tho musical line. Tho dignillcd assemblage, marching to its place, reminded one of tho entrance into the Ark of the animals that were to be saved from the Deluge, as nar rated iu tho old sung: Tho animals came In two by two, Tho animals camo In two by two. The animals came in two by two, Tho elephant and the kangaroo. fhls was tho way they came In, with Geo. Hawley arm-in-arm with some one else, and tho rest of the Americans following after. When the foreigners advanced, they were In similar order under the leadership of Director-General Gashom. The two-and-two business was very well kept up uptd near tho end, when their formation reminded the disinterested spectator of tho continuation of the same opera-air, where It Is narrated that The animals came la three by three. and the natural ct-centcra which follows. It did not take long to scat the entire party, and meantime tho band kept up Its music. Most of the newspaper men who wont there were prepared for a long session, and had their pockets full of paper whereon to make exten sive uotes, But, to tho agreeable disappoint ment of everbody, the whole perform ance—music, speeches, and all—did not take over twenty minutes. Tho arrangement was more seuslolo than such things usually are, and retlcets most creditably upon thu managers. The Centennial Commission has had a very level head on tho matter of ceremonies, from the openihg day down to tho present Issue,— no fuse, no nonsense, everything going on liku a sparkling dialogue from a French comedy. Thu more 1 think of that opening-day, tho more do I admire tho work of tho Committee that ar ranged the business. Thu grandest public cere monial over known In the country was Inaugur ated Id less time and with fewer hitches than can be seen in the dedication of a church In u rural village, or tho comer-stoning of a monu ment to a departed distiller. AITBAUAMCB Of TUB ASSnUJILAOB. The spectacle presented in the Hall of tlio Judges today was an excellent one. Taken as i body, they are a Hue lot of men tlmt gathered there for their first meeting on the Centennial Grounds; and wo may Im> congrntulafed on the good selection tlmt has been made. Certainly there are names on the list tlmt might have been improved: but, altogether, there is hardly a peg of complaint on which to hang the hat of a complalner. There was a good sprink ling of venerable men, with gray hair or with ikatlng-rlnks and oak-opcntngs on their heads: but mingled with them there was also a good sprinkling ot vigorous men who have not passed ifits prime of liic, and arc able to undergo ail the. fatigue Incident to the work before them. There will be much talking, and walking, and Handing around to do, and It needs able- IxKllud men to do it. No octogenarian will he likely to climb through the boilers of locomo tives or rit on the Has of patent soup-kettles; i young and vigorous Intellect l« required for this sort of business, and, where it U to be lone for the purpose of arriving at an honest opinion, we must look to the younger men. Inn American Judges were seated to the right Land of ttic president, ami tlie foreign Judges on the left. Doth divisions of the assemblage were well to look upon: I don’t believe that any Hoard of Aldermen, nr oven a tilute Legislature, ever looked better, uml I have seen many such assemblages of wisdom that looked a great deal worse. TUB FOIIBIfIH UODT ittraetcd more attention than the natives, for Uie reason that they were foreigners. Many nationalities were represented, and a sharp evo touid tnaku them out without much trouble. Df course, the Japanese ami Chinese were very rosy to distinguish, on account of their marked physiognomy, hut it was by no means difficult to pick oat the dark-skinned Italian, the blondu Herman, Dane, or Swede, and the ruddy uml full-lleshed Itrlton. Among tha Freud) Judges there is more variety of typo tiian one would ex pect to And,—some of the Gauls hearing* close resemblance to Englishmen, while other* might be taken tor Italians or Spaniards, and others igahi for Germans. Hut, taken together, they acre a flue assemblage, and I do nut rtmemher l single dull and stupid face among them. Wo owe a vote of thanks to those wko select ed the foreign judges, and wo llkevlso owe a similar vote to tho judges themseUes. They Will richly etirn all their money, aud ill the free feed and drinks that will bo givcu them while hi the prosecution of their work. I wouldn't change places with many of them for a great deal of very hard cash. AfTEK TUB MEETING Ar ti.il (jin there was an adjournment for lun/h at the La fayette Ucstuurant, Die one iieureit to Judges’ Hall. Gen. Hawley had expected Die lunch to ho a iicrpemUeular one, hut tho proprietors of tho establishment had arranged tables on tho upper door, so that all tbe partywere comforta bly seated. The lunch was cold In everything hut people and conversation, uni In these two elements there was any omouit of geniality. Champagne (lowed like water WIU brandy lu ft, and speedily loosened the tongtes of the guests so that the talk dowed like thellumo of a coun try saw-mill. All language* ejitld he heard in that brief area, and a strangershuttlug his eyes might easily Imagine himself drunk. Toward the close of the festivity It wis mi epitome of the Tower of UabuJ on a small scale, and not so very small either. Next to Die vcrnacnlar of the country, tbe language boiling llm iiost of honor was tuo Froncii; and,whenever twostmu gers found It difficult ti get along In English, yoti could bj a wiger that one, at leurt, would switch off on t« tlrn Parishai tongue. The lunch did not take n long time for Its consumption, m nobody vu vert hungry, ami nearly everybody was through when (Ten. Hawley row? to say that this was liic birthday of the Kntlnli Queen, ami that wo would drink her health. The cheering was long and hearty, more po than It would have been before the Geneva Conference, which made the two countries more friendly than they hod been for a long Unit. There was more cheering when the band phived “God Save tho Queen;” and again mart; checr- Ing when Gen. Hawley called up Sir Charles Rend with a toast to the foreign Commissioners, coupled with an allusion to the health of the Queen. The Englishman la a good speaker, and was well received. One remark he made com plimentary of the Exhibition and the Commis sion I will give here nt the risk of repeating what may have been raid by tele graph. Ho alluded to Ids long ac quaintance with Internationa! Exhibitions, having seen them all since the first in 1/ondon, and having occupied official positions on most of them; mid said that lie freely mid frankly pronounced ours tho heat that hud ever been given. Mhny of us believe so, hut wo may be liable to prejudice, and It pleases us more to have this Indorsement from a foreigner than from one of our own countrymen. Of course, l!il« emphatic approval of our Centennial dis play was warmly applauded. PRESIDENT lIAUNARD of Columbia College, responded for tho Ameri can Judges, and was not half as agreeable as tho Englishman In tho speaking lino. His voice Is low ami long, and he didn’t let up until he hail •aid all that lie wanted to say. Nobody paid much attention, as the waiters were hurrying about with hollies, and the convive* were clink ing glasses and pledging each other with warm hopes for the future. When he hod finished the band played “ Auld Lang Syne,” am! then we had a few more toasts without speeches, tho last of them being to the President of the United Stales. Then, withoutfurtlicrccrcmoiiy, the party broke up, and the Judges, Com missioners, and others wandered away from tho Hall. Altogether, the affair of the day was very pleasant, os it was quickly over, and was not deluged with oratory to tho ozteut that usually happens in such gatherings. UEUIND THE SCENES. Rut ail is not gold that glitters. Behind the smiling exterior There Is a great deal ol frown ing of various kinds. There arc many men who hoped to be on tho Jury who did not get there, and some who occupy places have received them through a great deal of log-rolling and Inter viewing; or, at all events, a great deni of It has been done by and for them. Already they are beset by the exhibitors ami their friends, who desire first prizes, and are quite able, mm mure than quite willing, to show how superior they are to all others in tho same line. The foreign Commissioners are growling because they have not been treated as they wish to be, and they held a meeting the other day to take some notion about their grievances. They do not like tho system of awards, nnd the sense of the meeting was, that ttiey should take measures to protest earnestly, but respectfully, against the system. They argue that the united .States lias one-half the Judges, and that all other countries combined have tho other half and no more. One of them tells me that tlio juries arc so arranged that the United States wiil.have a majority on nil the. Committees which will consider tilings wherein* otticr countries arc active competitors of ours. They say tlmt in such eases there will bo no chance lor anybody hut an American to take a prize: while, In groups and sections where the exhibitors arc either all foreign or all American, tho foreigners have the majority. In other words, they consider it a sort of “dead open-and-shut business” to bring the Americans out ahead. Now, whether this is so or not, I *Olll unable to say. It may be, or it may not bo; 1 won't put up a cent on it either way. 1 am nut sur prised to hear the complaint, as 1 heard the same thing at Vienna and Purls, and expect to hear It at every International Exhibition X at tend for the next 500 years. “We can’t have everything to please us,” as was said la an obit unry-coujilet which has passed Into history; and why should we be all smiles and stuistilne lu this business any more than In any oilier t Rut, If it Is arranged in the way the foreign Commis sioners sat it has been set up, do von suppose the American exhibitors arc likely Co complain, especially those that ruko in the prizes I If this is an American Centennial Exhibition, why shouldn’t wo take all tins best plums to our selves, and leave tho skins aud seeds to the out siders ) INCONVENIENCE OF A MONOPOLY. There Is not much to complain of concerning the concessions granted inside the Centennial Grounds, now that the restaurant-keepers have been brought down to fair prices, and tho narrow gauge railway Is getting Into decent operation. The worst thing now is the telegraph conces sion. The Atlantic & Pacific Telegraph Is In side, and the Western Union outside. At the quarrel between these Companies I am un moved, and look upon their competitions with the ualtn resignation of a statue. But the pres ent arrangement is a nuisance, as a great many persons, particularly tho Journalists, wish to send by tnc Western Union lines only. They cannot do so without going outside, or sending a messenger, and sometimes it Is inconvenient to do either of these things, and the Western Union people complain that messages addressed to them, and accidentally getting into the other office, are collared and sent. This afternoon, u journalist at tho lunch-party - wrote a press-dispatch, folded it, turned down one corner to hold the fold ed parts together, and then wrote on tho back of the folded paper, “W. U. Tel. Office, Truus-Cuntlnental hotel.” Hu Intrust ed It to onu of thu restaurant-attendants, who misunderstood his instructions and took tho message to the A. & P. olUce In thu grounds. Did the manager of that olllce tell thu man he had mudu a mistake, and Inform him where to go? Not a bit of it. He took the message and sent It to its destination; and, when thu jour nalist found what had occurred, and told tho manager that tho messenger had made a mis take, he received tho response, 11 1 hope he will keep ‘on making such mistakes.” Now, that may bo fair and honest dealing, hut I don’t see it In that light, and believe that olllce had no more right to tako a message which showed on its face, or rather on Its back, that ft belonged elsewhere than I have to open a letter addressed to John P. Robinson, or any other man whoso name Is not like mine. If anybody want* Information on this particular cose, I can accommodate him, as 1 was—ln the language of Huiib Brellinann— 41 that same rooster,” and know all about tho affair. For two days the weather has been delightful. A clear sky, a gentle breeze, no dust, no mud, and tho tliennometor just hovering around the tlgurca that make thu men hesitate whether to leave their light overcoats et homo or take them along, and the ladies to exclaim In uulsou, “ Isn’t it too charming for anything 1” T. W. K. Appearances Are Deceitful, Itonton Cornnuninl liullfttn. An Individual whose coat was buttoned close ly to Ids .chin, said chin being covered with a three-day’ beard, with a slight beetle flush on his bowHplrlt and appearance of having been so preoccupied fur a lew days as to have forgotten to take oil Ids clothes at night,—an Individual of this description was walking down one of the principal streets of Hoaton very curly in the morning, wuen he suddenly came to a halt be fore a dwelling-lMmse, in llm window of which was displayed u large lithographic print. This picture portrayal a solemn man with a long, dark beard. In the right was some sort of bot tle, and, from the expression of the face of the i>leture, either the bottle smelt unpleasantly or lie party Imd taken a drink from it which did nut agree with his digestion. To tlio pedestrian llrat described the picture was. however, at once symbolical ami signifi cant, and without hesitation he marched up tho steps and Into the house and almost over u ser vant. who Inquired— “ Want to see the doctor, slrl” The seedy gent lemun steadied himself by tho stair roll and answered— “Veal Doctor, Colonel, General, or wha’ever he culls himself; know’em all hut forget their titles; ’s lee oF harkeop I want.”—uml lie plung ed into the front room, where the original of the dark-beurtlod picture in tbu window, summoned by Die frightened servant, presently found him examining with uncertain guzo a row of glass jars, bottles, etc., and was promptly saluted with— “On deck, ole fell’: th* ain't many th* boys •round yet, is there! Jess give ua'bout 3 inches whisky straight." The person thus hilariously saluted drew him self up In u digiillled manner and replied,— “We do nut deal in whisky here, sir, we ad minister oxygen— “ All right," said the unabashed culler, “less have some minister Knox’s gin then; I'm os dry as a dust hole’n’ siuT particular. Jlne me, wou't you!" “Sir," said tlio Interrogated one, “this la a place whore Inhale—" “ Yes, I don’t care whore lu h lit Is either, so lung as you hUt a bottle over here Mliout anv mure remarks." “I tell you," yelled the other party, “ this Is not a bar-room. It Is a doctor’s office; we prac tice Inhalation of medicated, ■uper-atrhonatod oxygen i" and ho ffnng open the dour for tho exit of the early and unwelcome caller, who mut tered— What In thunder d'ye have a picture In the window-of alcUuw taking adriukforUyoudon't keep u bar-room t" aud b« meandered dowu Hie street luiutuxhoX • more hospitable establish- THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE; SATURDAY. MAY 27, 187 G—TWELVE PAGES. AMERICA. How the Continent Got Its Name. I’nrtlj lij Accident, nnd Partly through a Itccklcu Dlorcgard of Truth. Amerigo Vospucol, nnd His Various Voy- ages to tho Western World, &r 1 tmetfnr June, On tho 30th of May, H!W, Columbus sailed from the port of Ban Lnuir, In Hpaln, on his third voyage. His special purpose tills time was to search for a country which he believed lay south of those lands he hud previously discov ered. On tho 31 si of July following, when ho wo* about to abandon his southerly course in despair and turn northward for the Carlbhec Islands, one of his sailors saw from the mast head a range of three mountains. Giving many thanks to Uod fur Ids mercy, for tho supply of water was failing, the. provision of corn and wine and meat was well-nigh exhausted, and the crews of the three vessels were in sore distress from exposure to tho heat of tho tropics, the Admiral made for tho land, which proved to be an island. To litis he gave tho name it still hears of Trinidad, in honor of tho Holy Trinity, and also, perhaps, because of tho three moun tains which were Drst seen. Running along the coast, Ire soon saw, as he snpimsed, another Island at the south, but which was the low land of the delta of the great Uiver Orinoco. Entering the Gulf of Faria, he sailed along for days with Trinidad on the one hand and the coast of tlso continent uu tho oth er, delighted with the beauty and verdure of tho country and with the lilondness of the cli mate, and astonished at the freshness amt vol ume of the water which, with an “ awful roar ing,” met and struggled with the sea. The la* uermost part of the gulf, to which ho pene trated, he called the Gulf of Pearls, and into this poured the rivers whose water.-, tic believed, came from Ttlß RARTIILT PARADISE. For, according to bis theory of the globe, tho two hemispheres were not round alike, but tho Eastern was shaped like the breast of a woman, or the hall of a round pear with a raised pro jection at Its stalk; and, on this prominence, the spot highest and nearest the sky, and under tho equinoctial line, was the garden wherein God had planted Adam. Hu did not suppose it possible that mortal man could ever reach that blessed region; hut as he hud sailed west ward, after passing a meridian lino 100 milca west of the Azores, he hod noted that the North Star rose gradually higher in the heavens, tho needle shifted from northeast to northwest, the heat, hitherto so Intolerable that he thought ttiey “should have been burnt,” became more ami more moderate, the air dally more refreshing and delightful, nnd he was persuaded that lie was approaching the highest part of the glolic. Ashe sufled westward his ships “had risen smoothly toward the sk} - ,” till lie had come, at length, to'thlspluQHQiitlaml “ os fresh nnd green mu) beautiful ns the gardens of Valencia in April.”—to this mighty rush of sweet waters that the Gulf of Pearls and flowed far out, to sea, coming, os “ on his soul” he believed, from the Garden of Eduu. it was hard, no donbt, to turn away from this celestial land, even to go back to Bpidn and re late In person to Ids sovereigns the marvelous tilings lie liad discovered, and the approach he had made to the topmont pinnacle of the globe; harder still to thrust away from him considera tions so sublime utul so congenial to Ids pro foundly religious nature, to attend to the vulgar affair* */ p turbulent colony, where, us he after ward wrote, “ there were few men who were not vagabonds, and there were non* who hud either wife or children.” Bnt in life absence rebellion ami anarchy In Hispaniola bad readied a point beyond his con* trol, and when he appealed to his sovereigns for a Judge to decide between him and these turbulent Spaniards, who set all law, whether human or divine, at defiance, tho Court sunt, not a Judge, but an executioner. Ills enemies had at length so far prevailed against him that Bobadllla, who came professedly to look into these troubles, dared to usurp thu government of the colony, to take up hls'resldenec In the house of Columbus, seizing all it contained, both of publlcund private prop erty and public and private papers, and the mo ment the Admiral uuue within Ids reach, to AHUUBTANI) BEND UIM IN CHAINS on board ship fur transportation to Spain an a felon. When Andreas Mart in, tlio master of the caravel, moved to pity at the sight of bo mon strous and cruel mi indignity, ottered to strike these fetters from the limbs of his distinguished prisoner, Columbus refused, with the words, says Ids sou Ferdinand, u that since their Catho lic Majesties, by their letter, directed him to per form whatsoever Uobadilia did in their mime command him to do, in virtue of which authori ty and commission he had put him lu Irons, he would have none hut their Highnesses them selves do their pleasure herein; and he was re solved to keep those fetters ns relies, nml a memorial of the reward of his many services.*’ borne atonement was nUcmplcdfur this outrage lu the reception given film by Ferdinand and Isabella. He nevertheless hung up the chains on the wall of ids chamber, only to he taken down when, six years later, they were laid with him in his collin. flome months before, his return to Spain. Co lumbus had sent homo a report of the results of his voyage, the Continent he hail found, which he supposed to he the extremity of the Indies, its wonderful climate, its great rivers, and its strange and attractive people. The excitement which such news must have aroused in every part of Spain was, no doubt, Intense; and lands men, as well as sailors, burned to be oil to this land where the natives hung breastplates of gold upon their naked bodies, and wound great Hirings of pearls about their heads and necks. “Now there Is not a man,” says Columhns, In uue of his letters, —reminding Ida sovereigns that he waited seven years at the royal court mid was only treated with ridicule.—* 4 now there is not a man, down to the very tailors, wlkuloch not beg to be allowed to become a discoverer.” At Sevllto an intrepid and experienced navi gator, Alonzo do Ojeda, who was with Columbus on Ids first voyage, and knew, therefore, the way to the Indies of the West, proposed at mien a private expedition. Some merchants of .Seville supplied the means, and his patron, the lilslmp ot Fonseca, Superintend ent of Indian Allulrs. and the most bitter and persistent enemy of Columbus, gave Idm license lor the voyage, and trendievnubly procured for him the charts which the great navigator hud sent home, notwithstanding the royal order that none should go without permission within 00 leagues of the lands ho had lost discovered. Ojeda sidled from Fort Bu Mary on the flutlt of May, H9U, and with him went AMEIUOO VEbl’lHX'l, a native of Florence, but residing In Seville ns the agent of a commercial bouse. Tills Vimplied lutl assisted in the lilting out of olbur expedi tious; he know Columbus, ami bud doubtless talked with libnof the Snhereaudthe Antipodes, of ibo Now Indies mid the Fur Cnthny, of the natives, sometimes tractable as eldldrcn, some* times flems ns tigers; of the abundant gold mid precious stones; of tbe odorous Mikes; of tbe gorgeous silks uml other rich merchandise to be brought by this new route from tiiat wonderful land. Ho was familiar with all Hie strungu and stirring incidents of voyages wblcli lor tbe previous six yours lisd been tilling the cars of men with Udea more alluring ami more won* derfui limn were told by the boldest inventors of Eastern fable, mid be lunged to have a share lu the profit mid tbu glory of these great enter* prises. In Ojeda’s Heel no bad command, if we may believe bis own statement, of two curuvcls; tbu expedition, lirst tombing the coast about IHX) league* south of the Gulf of Faria, sidled ihcnec leisurely along from point to point till it readied (bo Capo do la Veda, meeting during tbe months of its progress with various adven tures, and the usual fortune which waited upnii the tlrst Invaders; received sometimes by the simple aud contlding natives as supernatural visitants, sometimes with desperate but gener ally futile resistance when their lust fur daws, fur women, and fur gold bad come to bo better understood. This was, probably, the first voyage of Vespucci and Ids first sight of a Continent which, purely by accident and portly through a reckless disregard of truth, came afterward to bear bis name. If it was bis tlrst voyage, lie was entitled to no sjieclal credit, for he was a subordinate in a fleet emunmnded by another, who guided the expedition by tbe charts which Columbus bad drawn of the course to Trinidad and the coast of Faria eleven months before. in 1501, Voßjiucci left tJpuln at the invitation of (lie King of Portugal, and made ANOTUEIt, ms SECOND, VOYAGB, TO TUB WEST, sailing lids time in the service of that King. HovUited the coast of lirmdl, of which, how ever, ho was nut the first discoverer, fur in tlio course of the previous year (1500) three different expeditions, under the guidance naptetlvolv of Vkonto Yanas Floxou. DU go de Lei*, and ftod rigo do llastldas, had sailed from Spain aud uude extensive tiXpluraliuiu and important tIL- cnvorlca along that coart; and a Portiigmwe licet, under Pedro Alvarex dr Cnhral, on its way to India round the Cape of Good Hope, stretch ed no far to tho West to avoid the calms of the court of Africa, an to come by Unit chance. In fight of the opposite, land, where, heliuvlng It to be n purl of a Continent, Do Cabral landed and took po«H!K“lon In the name of Port ugal- The expedition of Vespucci, nevertheless wan a bold one, and made Important. Addi tions to nstromhsl science In Ids observa tions of the heavenly bodies of the Southern (imminent, especially of tin; “Southern Cross,” and to the knowledge of geography in Ida ex ploration of the Southern continent and sea of the. Western Hemisphere. After leaving Capo Verde, he was sixty-seven days nt sea before tie made land again nt 5 degrees south, off Ca]>e St. Roque, on the 17th of August. Thence Im sailed down tin; coast, spending the whole winter In Its explorations, till lu the following April he was as fur south as the fifty fourth parallel, farther than any navi gator had been before,. The nights were fif teen hours lung; the weather tempestuous and foggy and very cold. The last land lie saw is supposed to he the Island of Georgia, where, litidmg no harbors, ami seeing no people along Its nigged shores, the little fleet turned to es cape from these savage seas, where perpetual winter and almost perpetual darkness seemed to reign. They readied I.lslwn again In 1502. Vespucci wrote an account of tills voyage in a letter to Lorenzo de Pier Francisco de Medici, of Florence; which wa* published at Augsburg In 150 L No wonder that, as it was probably the first printed narrative of any discovery of the main land of the new continent, it should excite unusual atten tion. Several editions oppeored in the course of the next four years, in Latin and Italian, and among them one at Strasbourgin 1505 underthc editorship of one Mathias Rlnginunn, a native of Bchkstadt, a town in the lower department of tho Rhine, 25 miles from Strasbourg. So earnest an admirer of Vespucci was this young student, that he appended to the narrative of the voyage a letter and some verses of Ids own in probe of the navigator, and lie gave to tho book the title of “ Americas Vesputlus; DeOra Antarctica per Regem Portugallisq pridem in venta” (Americas Vcspucelus: Concerning a Southern region recently discovered under the King of Portugal). Here was the suggestsou of a new southern continent as distinct from the Northern continent of Asia, to which the discov eries hitherto mainly north of the equator were 3iosed to belong. And this supposition of i a new quarter of the globe GAVE Rise, TWO YEARS AFTERWARD, TO A NAME, all growing naturally enough out of the enthu siasm of this Rlngniunn fur Vespued, and com municated by him to others. In tho city ol St. Die. not far from Stras bourg, in Uui province of Lorraine, was a gym nasium or college established by waiter Lml, the Secretary of the DSte of Lorraine. In this college was set up one of those newly-lnvcntod nnd marvelous machines, a printing-press; and Hlnginann won appointed not merely the colic glale Professor of Latin, hut to thd Important post of irroof render. In 1507, Lud, the Duke’s Secretary, and the head, apparently, of this lit tle seminary of learning, published from the college printing-press a pamphlet of only four leaves, relating to a narrative of/or»r voyages to the New \Vorld by Amerigo Vespucci; tills, it is said hy the writer, was sent to the Duke, and lie (Lml) had caused it to be translated from the French, in which It was written, Into Latin; and, ua If In recognition of the Influence which lUngtnann liad exercised upon tin; subject among bis fellows of St. Die, Lud immediately adds: “And the booksellers carry about a certain epigram of our Phllcsliu (Rlngmann) In a little book of Veepusd’s, translated from Italian Into Latin by Gioemidl, of Vurotiu, the architect from Ven ice.” This refers to the Strasbourg edition of Vespucci’s second voyage, edited ov Ringmumi two years before, and to which tie attached his laudatory verses. This little book of Lud’s, “Speculiorbls Dodoratlu,” etc., also contains some Latin verses, —vertinUi de iiKoffnitn terra, —tho bast lines of which are Urns translated; Tint hold, ©nought Of tho American race. New round, xhts home, the manners here you trace by our small book set forth In little space. The narrative Itself, of Vespucci’* /onr voy ages, thus referred to by Lud, was published the name year, 1507, in a hook called “Comnographitc Introductlo,” of which It made about onc-lndf. This was the work of Martin Waldsccmuoller, and published under his Greco-latinized name of “ Jlylaconiylus.” Ho also belonged to the St, Die College, whore he was a teacher of geog raphy, and hio “ Introductlo M was printed on the college printing-press. Whether the letter was sent to St. Die addressed to the Duke of Lorraine hy Vespucci; or whether it was pro cured through the zeal of lllngmunn mid Its ad dress altered without the knowledge of Vee pued, are Interesting questions: Interesting, be cause the letter falling by sumo means Into the hands of Lud and Mumaeemueller (Ilylucomy- Jum) the mune of its author came to he IMPOSED UPON TUB WHOLE WESTERN QEMIS- PIIHIIB. Tlie game lettor subsequently appeared in Italian, addressed to an eminent citizen of Venice, named Sodcrlul, who la known to have been an early companion and school fellow of Vespucci. Tliat it was written orliri nally to Sodcrlnl, Is evident from certain allu sions in It to youthful days and associations which could not refer to the t)uke of Lomdiic, but were proper cnoutth when applied to the Veuctlau citizen. If Vespucci himself had the letter translated Into French, altered Its ad dress, and then sent the copy to lUngmann, or Lud, or Waldseciaiicllciwa suspicion is aroused that he was in collusion with them, either di rectly or suggestively, in Cie bestowal upon him of an honor that was not rightfully his. Such a suspicion may be altogether unjust; Vespucci may neither nave sent the letter to the Duke nor have mode any suggestion In regard to It; and perhaps no accusation would have ever been brought against him were there not serious UoubU as to the number of voyages he as sumes to Imre made, whether they were three or four; as to the year, 1497, In which he declares ho went upon the llrst one; mid by a certain confu sion in the letter which might have been In tended to mislead, and certainly did mislead, whether Intentional or not. We do not Intend to enter Into any examina tion of a question which U one of urcumstnii -tial, rather than positive, evidence; and which probably will never bo dednitely settled. Giv ing to Vespucci the benefit of the doubt, there Is much In the fortuitous circumstances of Uic coso to explain the naming of this newly-dlscov crcd country by men who, perhaps, hud never looked upon tho sen, and wuo may bare known little, except In u general wav, of the diircmit expeditions of the navigators of Spain and For lugid, and still less tho personal Interests at tached to their fortune* and deeds. The Duke nf Lorraine was a patron of learning; the young Professors of the College under his protection were ambitious of literary fame, and proud of their literary labors; It would bring, no doubt, great credit to St. Die If, In a work from its printing-press, the world should bo taught that these wonderful discoveries of the ten preceding years were not, ns had been Ignorantly sup posed. the outlying Islands and coasts of India, but of A HEW AND UNKNOWN CONTINIINT, which separated Europe from Asia. Tho conclusion, very llkelv, was Jumped at,— a lucky guess of over-conlldunt youth, rather llian any superiority of Judgment. Had these young book-makers lived In Cadi* or Lisbon, In stead of the Vosges Mountains, they might have hesitated to pronounce upon a quest lon which hud os yet hardly been raised, IX U had hceu raised at all, among Uic older oosmo graphers and navigators. 'iney rushod In where eveu Columbus hail not thought to tread, and not only announced the discovery of a now con tinent, nut proposed to name It. The narrative which Hlngmann had edited two years before, “ I)e Ora Antarctica, 1 ’ related only to the second expedition of Vespucci,— the third, as lie called it,—of 1501, But, from the Iclternow before Lud and Waldsecmuellcr. they leant much more of the achievements of tho greatest of navigators, as they supposed him to be; for they are told that it was at a much earlier period he made the llrst discovery of those countries; that ho had subsequently explored them more extensively; WuiiUce luudler coududoa that they must be a fourth part of the world. •• Wc departed,” says Ves pucci, “from the j»ort of Cadis, May 10, 1197, taking our course on the great gulf ol ocean, lit which wo employed eighteen laoiitlis, discovering many lauds and innumer able Islands, ehlclly inhalutcd, of wldch our an cestors make uo mention,” Wa!dseenmellar(llylaeomylus), assuming this date of 1497 to he correct—if it was so given In the letter Lud declared the Duke hail received from Vespucci—says In ids geographical work, the “ Cosmographla lutroaucfo”: “And the fourth part ofthu world, having becndlscoverod by Aiuericus, may well bo called Amcrlgc, which la os much os to say, rna land or ambhicus, ob ambhica. Again, he aays: M But now these part* are more extensively explored, and, os will bo aeen by the following letters, another fourth has been discovered by Amerleus Veepuecius, which 1 see no reason why any one should forbid to be named Amerce, which la os much us to auy the luud of Amerleus or America, from 1U diseoyer er, Amerleus, who Is a man of shrewd intellect; for Europe and Asia have both of them u feminine fonn of name from the names of women.” Now, Id 1197. Vespucci was still residing at Seville vngugeu us luetor or partner in a com* nmrdul bouse. In May of the following year, 119 U, Columbus soiled on bis third voyage, ami for several months previous Vespucci was busily uceupldd lu llUiu£ out Um ships fur that expedf- lion. It Is Impossible, therefore, that he ran hare pone to sea !□ May, HOT, to be abeenl eighteen months. There U no pretence In his letters, nor anywhere else, that he made, a voyage earlier than HOT; he was la Seville hi HM; and he certainly waa a pilot in Ojeda's licet when that navigator. In HW, followed Co* luinljtis to the coast of Faria. That Vcsnmrl was the first discoverer of the Western Conti nent is, therefore, clearly untrue; although ft Is true Dint his account of such a continental land In the Went was the one first published, and hy tils zealous friends at fit. Die, who at* lathed his name to 11. In the suit between Don Diego Columbus and the crown of Spain, los ing from 15W to 1513, the plaintiff demanded certain revenues by right of prior discovery hy his father, the defense of tho crown being that Columbus had no such priority. In the volum inous testimony on that trial Vespucci was not named as one for whom precedence could he claimed, while Ojeda, umler whom went on his llrst vovage, distinctly asserts that the main land was discovered by Columbus. It Is, nevertheless, probably trim that Ves pucci explored along the American coast In his several voyages further than any navigator of his time, as he sailed from about the Wth deg, of south latitude to the peninsula of Florida, and possibly to the Ch*«apeakc Bay at the north. 'Whether the St. Die editors really be lieved, or whether the dales of his voyages were, In some way, so changed as to make It appear that he was also the discoverer of a Western continent, are questions which may never be an swered. But Die use they made of Ids name was adopted In varlons works within the next few years, and thus In the course of lime AMERICA nnCAMB THE DESIGNATION 09 TUB WHOLE WESTERN UEMIM’UEKB. But, even If It were possible to reconcile be yond all cavil Dio rival claims of the two navi gators, and give tho honor where, os between them, It undoubtedly belongs, to Columbia, there Is a third who takes precedence of both as the first great Captain who pushed far enough Into the unknown seas to touch the main land of the new continent. It Is conceded that a voyage was mode as early as HOT hy John Cabot, accompanied by his son Sebastian, from Bristol, England, to And the shorter path to India westward. In & little vessel called “The Matthew,” he made Ids first landfall on this side the Atlantic on Die 24th of June of that year. Whether the land first seen— the Terrt prtum vUa of the old maps— was Capo Breton, Newfoundland, or the coast of Labrador, is still open to question, though the latter Is hold to be the most prob able by some of those who have give given the subject most careful consideration. Bat If the ship held Its course of north by west from Bristol, it could hardly have been a’nvthlng ebc. At any rate, they tailed along the coast for 000 leagues, and that could only have been the shore of the main land. These Cabots, then, weretheflrst discoverers of the Continent, about a year before Colmnbus entered the Gulf of I’aria, ami two years before Ojeda's fh-et, In which Vespucci soiled, touched the coast of South America 200 leagues further south. Hereditary Depravity, Manchester Courier. uK'/Hfuc i irfUuf irr i It Is stated that Fish, the notorious Black burn murder, is of Italian origin, and that he U a descendant of J. Marco Fieschl, who in L*vtT> attempted to take the life of Louis i’Jiillppc of Franco, and afterwards made bis escape to London, where he assisted in carrying out other murderous schemes. Flcschi’a daughter mar ried one of these men some vears after, named Orsinl, who subsequently left her. In London she worked as a seamstress, and afterwar<ls came to Lancashire, taking up her residence at Dorwcn. There she had a son. and shortly afterwards died. The child was taken to Black hum Workhouse, and kept there hi the name of Fish, his mother's name having been turned Into Fh-h, until he was taken out'by Brmnhull, the barber, with whom he was an apprentice for some years. SHIVIXC MACHINES. ill TVCJ3M3STITMO, SHUTTLE STITCH, SEWING MACHINES ARE THE VERT LATEST AND BEST. PRICER LOWER, and more attachment* fur nlotied free than with any other first-cia<u> machine’. and others desiring to add to a business already established: all parties desiring U) create a new and profitable business: old Sewing Machine Agents: «vrrybe»dT wishing wishing to make money in legitimate trade, will plea*? ad dress us for terms and prices to wholesale pur chasers. OBOVEE & BAKED 0. M. CO.. New and Uomujodions Mure, OCEAN STEAMSHIPS. ONLY DIKKCT LINK TO FKANCK.—The tienerel Transatlantic Company's Well steamer* between New York and lUxre. culling U I’lynumUi <O. 1!.) forth* inndlnir of pmucnirers. Ihr •plenitM on till* fa »nril« route for the Continent (being mure southerly thun miy utlierj will mil from Pier So. 4a. North Hirer, •k fnllme* ; AMliHlot’K. Fcnuulz, Saturday, Mjvj7. ft it m.t SAIN I t.AI’HKNT. l.*clie*n<‘(.Siiiimlßy..nuie a. 3 l> in. s FKANCK. Trudi tie. Saturday, June to. he. in. I'rl> •'of I'lK'.u'" tu told (liii'linlliiif wln<?|; Flr»t cabin, f 1 to to rI.M. eocordlnu to •ceoiiuimdatlon; second. tSTUt third cebtn. S4O. Ketiim ttrkeU »t re duced rates, hiecraae. with superior aecomtmt diiilons. IncludlnK whip, bedding, acid utemlU, without extre chnrifo. bucauu-r* marked tint.* * do not imrv Mecrnac pMsenuers. I.OCIS DeUFIUAN. Airmi, .v, Uroadwny. S’. V. W. F. WHITK, No. 07 Oark si.. comer Itandolpb, Agent for Chleoito. ALLAN LINE OCEAN MAIL STEAMERS, VIA gi’KltKC and VIA ItAI.TI.MUKK. I'AMBKe. all cluses, between principal CH>tnt* to Ku rope niiU America. TAHIS and SALOON ACCOMMO DATIONS FNKXCKLLLD. Miorlvo Kt* Uoute. Superior Ship*, Kiaerlenced Officer*. Disciplined Crews. SAFKTv TDK C.OVEUN ISO HULK. Three weekly rallliia* each way. LMKiUAST ANDbTFHHAUK I'AbSACK. Om Very bctit in all respects, U lowml rate*. Apply to ALLAH A PO., 7J sod 74 LaSalle-*!.. Chicago. National Line of Steamships. KKW VOltK TO QI’KKHSTOWN AND LIVtUI'OOL. Kr.YJT May >3 I KSOI.AND Tint** 3 TUEgUKtN M#> - J7 J SI'AIN June lu »itu mviiAii untvi'T .Wfdnf*dif, M»y 91 OAKADA, Caldu piuuojro, (<»>. (70, and currency. liutum ticket* ul reduced rate*. SU-crase ticket*. f2fl. cur rency. Draft* fur 11 aud upward* on Ureal lUlum. Apply w l». I). LAKSu.s, AMERICAN LINE. PHILADELPHIA AND LIVERPOOL. Cabin, intermediate, and steerage passage AT LOWEST HATES. General ofllcc, lUflLa Fallc-st., corner Madison. J. 11. MILNE. Wcateru Agent. North German Lloyd. TU« stoanim uf tbta Company will ull srerr B<Uur day from Urcuien I’lcr, fowl of TbliJn.. Hoboken. lUte» uf paasastf—Frout New York ui Southampton, London. Havre, ami Bremen. Am cabin, accemd friu, Hold; aUMrus, S3O currency. For (relglu sr pa««af« apply to Ot'LUlCUri A t'O,, aUowlluaQrucu. ScwVvrk. Grout Wostoru Steamship Lino* From New York to Bristol I‘im.iarnJ) dlrect- FOMKKSKi', W'vsleru \Vedne»‘ljy. .luoeT. AUAUuK, hyuioui bsturiU), June if Cabin puaacc, fTii; Intcrmadlate. $45; Steerage, fuO. Kxturaiou ticket*. tl JU: Si*«fM* WUficaleA f jj. Apply lu WiL F. WUITE, U 7 CUrkat..iUcUlsaa Central lUUiuad. AITIIiSE.TIENTS. LINCOLN PAVILION. (Comer Grant and North Clerk-eta.) OUANI) OPEN AIR CONCERT, Saturday Evening. May 27, By a Grand Orchestra of Forty detected Perform* era, under the direction of MIL HANS DAI.ATKA. I’noOTtAMMB. rum nmr. 1. Prom (he Mountains, march......—....Grnndr 2. Hylph Polka „ ......Flriusa 3. Overlnre to Zampa........... ..IleroM 4. Fackeltanz .........Meyerbeor . I'AUT SBCOKD. f». Potpourri from Indigo .............Htrauss fl. Fane.’ Dan'e. waltz flnnttl 7. Homun/a from .Mignon, for cornet..A.Tlionma 8. Overture to IJayde .^....Auhcr _ _ . . i’aut Tittnn. fi. Tales from the Rhine, waltz.—. ..Kelftrßcla 10. blorm Galop Strauss 11. Frederick Charles March ..boro Admission, 23 cents. EETUEN And Positively Last A ppcarance OP TUB German Military Bantl. 40 ARTISTS, DIRECTOR, CARL BECK. Three Grand Concerts and One Matinee. TUESDAY, May 80, 8 p. ra., at McCormick’s WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2 p. m., Grand Matinee at Plymouth Church. WEDNESDAY, May 31, bp. m.. Farewell Con cert at Firwell Uall. ENTIRE NEW PROGRAMME. Tickets, LO cents, at J. Hauer’s Music Store. HOOLEY’S THEATEE, Grand mu-Iral entertainment, Sunday evening, May I«s7‘>. « iu t>e produced by the Scunefelder Lleder kranz, after weeks uf vlaliarsG! preparation. with full ctioru*. and Instrumental accompaniment. s utlcs of tw-lve musical tableaux. Illustrative jf college lit-* amour German students, and entitled htudent * LlfV'■ompiwd by .luliaa Otto. Dew-rip •Jve I rokTamme—lsMi-au I.—. Student’s song. Gradu ate * AjcUur.&e. X —Tint son* of the Freshmen. 3.—The •one of the students tn the rendervons. dedicated to Bacchus mid tiaml.rli.us. a.-’lhe song of the Mudcnt hr*.entity. ...-Hi*- grand Commencement. A Bio dents Ilan'iuet. Chan< t«rhtlc(>mvivislUy. o.—“On the Measure." or the Dm l. 7.-A Serenade to the lie loved one. n.-rne comic scone with the money, lenders. Illustrative of the neat and expeditious way the student* dMx»c of this truublc-ome gentry, through the aid of the General fcervant. u.—Four of the stu dents oti a pleasure tour. lo and li.—The students ac cept an Invitation to a vltlag- f--nival. General Jolllil cation. IX—Grand finale rhoru*. ”flood-Hye.* l r rt»e whole under the cthdum lfaoer»tilpof Trot. Kmll Ih In. Tickets, SI.fSL 75 cm., and f<t cu. For «ale at ticket utllco nunday. from lot, m. UMp, m.; also at the <10..r. THE COLISEUM. SUNDAY. Mar 21. AND ALL TUB WF.KK. LOOK AT THE ATTRACTIONS. EMERSON Jt CLARK, the Breakneck Sornr and Dance ArtUU. BILLY ± MAGGIE RAY. Sketch ArlUla. THE FAMOUS SANVEAUS, Samuel and Maud. Globe Walkers and Jucglcra. MURPHY A MORTON, lri«h Seme and Dane**. lUKRI) SIS TERS; LOTTIEGRANT; lIARPERiSTANSILL! and the COLISEUM (QUARTETTE. Every act new. The only rool and comfortable place of amnacmenl In the city. AdmlaaUm, lio cent*. Performance every evening at 8 o'clock, and Sunday afternoon at 3. McVIOKER'S THEATRE. Lo-t Appearance* of MAGGII] MITCHELTj. Tbit afternoon, Matinee at 2 o'clock. Laat Rep resentation of JA.3NTB EYRB. MAGGIE MITCHELL a* JANE EYRE. supported by Mr. Win. Harris a* Lord Rocbcatvr, and her own Company. This Evening. at 8 o'clock, Jart Performance of the Scaeon. Maggie Mitchell m Little Barefoot. MoCORMrOK_HALL. SUNDAY AFTERNOON. May 28. Rational Sunday Amusement Course. A splendid Entertainment. Beading* and Music. Mr. ALFRED WILKIE. Tenor. Mr. A. I*. BURBANK. Reader. Mlm HATTIE .iUHNbUN. Reader. THE IMPERIAL UUARTE’ITE—Menar*. Cook, Baron. Lamoul, und Wilkie. Signor G. N. CAROZZI. BiauM. Doors open at 2 i.. in. Entertainment at 3. Adtiu.-mou only 10 cents. HOOLEY’S THEATRE, MAOUIUE A HAVKULY Les»cr-. WILLE. CHAPMAN ilanu£ir. POSITIVELY LAST WEEK OF PIQUE. Curtain rleea promptly at 2 p. m. Wednesday und Saturday and each evening ul 8 p, m. Monday. Mav‘jt>— Kruol iilmn’s IhrininrFrenf h dnimn l!OSK MICHEL, with Mian ROsL I.VTINt.L lu the title role. NEW CHICAGO THEATRE. cinrk*st. R, M. DOOLEY opposite bbeman House. Manager. Monday. May 22, Every Evening, and Wednesday ami Saturday Matinee*. HOOLBY’S MINSTRELS, I.mire rlianpr of programme. IMrat appearance of KlUKand DIiEW. The Weary Traveler. The Active- Hoy. Manirda Knrvc. MAC’S Jape. IIAU. Uanjo Sofoa. WKSTtiV Hit VfalkM. Sunday Night. tin- Ureal IlHvllle Kyan In bla celebrated cliar»>-teruf Ec tli*. In KoberUoii'a beautiful comedy ••(.Mate.’* Monday. May '-■O. the great I*AT HuONKV. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. THE WEST SIDE POPULAR RESORT. Prr fornmiicci* Every Evening and Wfiiru-Mla v uml Sat urday MAtlnew. THE FEEL-DRESS FEMALE MINSTRELS, together with a vupcrb ulio mid Afterpiece, Introducing aM the Artlati* In theirene ciaßlrf. Sunday, Mnv'JS. Extra l.adi«*«* Nlcht. NEXT WEEK, THE LITTLE ‘J AND RIO 1; aim*. HAWLEY end VICTORIA, and like LOT TIE ORANT. Admlahloa, 25 cent*. RcHcired Seats, ;j,"i and 50 cent*. COL. WOOD'S MUSEUM. SATHIDAV, PEANK E. AIKS OST Matinee. Kvuniin!, laal performance ul JSKin*. Sunday afternoon nml evening. Lecture by Ur. FIMMs. Admission 10. 15. and -5 .7ILDICAL CLllllMb DR. JAMES. Loci Hospital, cor. Wastlaetoa & Franßli-sts. Chartered hy the Plate of Illinois for the express pnr* pose of giving liiiniedlste relief lu all caae* of private chronic, ami urinary diseases In all their complicated forms. It Is well known that UK. JAMES has stood at the head of the profession lor the post DO years. Ape ami experience are all-liaiKirtanu tietnlnwl WeuUiteK*, night loiwe* hr dnmm, pnntilcaoa Uw lure. lo*t unui lumul, ran positively l» cored. Ladies wanting the most delicate alieutluu.caJl or write. I'lcu.-ant home for pa llents. A hook for the million, Marriage (iutde, which tells you all about these Ulm-sihh—who should marry why not— lu ceuta to pay po*tsge. I>r. James Lae rooms and parlor*. Tou see no one hut the Doctor. I»r. James U tlxty years of age. fcintUtatlous always fr«*j and Invited. OlUce hour*, Ba. in. to 7p. m. Sundays, lino Ida, in. AU huslneas strictly contnleutlal. ■■ ji nnoa ap* An > ,ißatntfd ri r** MARRIAGEsErtfSSS niignc Kcfcs Mill Ub In»bf ■urlcl. PrxwM ruiM. a tMc.k Offlr. o. m. 01,11 ** *" U# *“***• “ IM DR. C. BIGELOW HAS REMOVEDfmm 27:»SoiulinnrW »t., cor. Van Bn* mi. lohJ \Vi iaM«iUM)U-»i..rcir. J,ffcr*oii. Chicago. 111., and hu had for the piu>t twenty year* the lar, - r«t prac- Hi e In the city fort'lironlr ami Stxtml IHteav**, Seminal Wcuknctw. I m potency, (ha ret nil of *c|f-»hu*c In youth, or •c~cr«.cs In maiuri'r year*, rendering marriage Improper, permanently cured aafely. privately, Pam phlet, 3rt page*, relating lo aNire. vent In Maied enve lope, for two 3-cent iliiiim. Hoorn veparate for ladle* and renilemen. Coinuliallou free. Office hour*. B a. m. UiHi- tn. Sundays. 3t04 p. n». "Marriage OiiMe,or Re*- ual Pathology,"-jno l.ime vlre pare*, embracing every* thing on iho Kcm-rutlte ay*c.-rn that U worth knowing, and much uolpublUhcd In any other work. Price. 50 eta. SS^lDrTKeai; 175 South Clait-ft, ettrner ol Monroe, Cllcap. Hay be convoked, personally or by tnall, free of charge, on all chronic or ncrvouidlvom-a. DU. j. KRAS it the only phyek'Uii in the city who warrant* uurea or ho pay. I mice hour*, ua. 3- loßp. m.; Sunday* from Uto li. XTKHVOIM k.THAITSTIOS—A MEDICAI'ESSAY, 1> louiprtalng a series iif lecture* delivered at Kahn't Muicuui of Anatomy, New York, on tho caiue and euro of premature decline, ihovinc Indisputably how lull health may bo regained, wflordtngaclear synopsis of the Impedimenta to marriage, and ths treat moul of nervous and physical dcMIHy, being the mult of 20 years'expo rlein't*, Price 25 ceuta. Addrvs* lire author, 1)11- L. J. lvAllS.otUa-aQdre»Ucucosl LostTeutliSt.. Kow York. HUKSCHII'TION FKKK For the apeedy cure of Bemhial Wcakueta, Ixiel Manhood, and ail dlnordcr* brought on by ifidia* cretiou* or wxcua. Aur drupgUl haa tbelngradlr KcwYutt" 1 * 1 BiVUJ = uli * CD., Uul laUB whisky. ffITWY nimi ill! i THE PUREST STHIILMT. Tls Fist fflttj Kmn. BOLD J.K.VANDUZER laius-st., CORNER CLARK. FINANCIAL SIOO pfeSSr $1,700 during the past few months, under onr Improved system of operating In Stocks. RJski reduced to nominal tnm» and profits Increased. Book contain lug full information senton application. „ , TUMhltllKiK A CO., Btnkera and Brokers, 2 Wall-at., New York, SSO. SIOO. S2OO. SSOO. SI,OOO. *LRX.FIIOTOISonAM*CO.. tota .nd Hrd». er*. l j Wall-it., s. \ make for ccuimnen desirable invoMtnciiix of large or small amounts In stocks of* I '•ultimate iharacu-r, which freijuently pay from fire to twenty times the amount Invested every thirty days. ato>;K«YKiiight and carried os long a» desired on deposit or .■ p«-r cent. Circulars and weekly reports sent free. ■■III I.A I>i:i,rll |A rS. CENTENNIAL. noarttna-nouse che*ter. J*a. Tlicie apadoa* build* Ings of linnsylvanla Military Academy, occupying an elevated site and commanding an extensive view of the Delaware I >tvrr and ■urrounding country, will be opened during the summer vacation, commencing June 20, for the accommodation of visitor* tolhe Exposition. Hour ly tralaa direct to the Centennial building* 40 mlautca' ride. LlrcuJarsonaprllcatlon. HYATT A CARTER, Manager*. CENTENNIAL BOARDING AND LODGING MBS. -T. HAMILTON THOMAS, (Formerly bookseller uml unblMter). Tertna S 3 per day. 1344 L’licatnat-m., PHILADELPHIA. Cara to the Exhibition pass the door. YTSTTORS TO PHILADELPHIA-ACCOM * mixlnlluDa for s.ux). Canada room* before paying fur them. No charge by agency, except far porti-rap*. Keep cheek.. Ilngnee promptly <l.-11VLT. V 1. CK.vfKNXIAX LODGING AND fioAftD* 1M» AOKNCk. . 17 Sanaom at., Philadelphia. Pa. ( tKXTENNIAL LODGING-ROOMS-ACCOMMODA- Mon for gentlemen lodgm In newly flitvd-up private room*. Apply at A. LUTZ’S furniture warcrooma, mi South Eliivcnth.it., Philadelphia. COVE OYSTERS. COTE OYSTERS. 2-pound Cans, $1.50 per doz., At HICKSON'S. tl" Rial WadUonoit, lIAILROAI> TIME TABLE. ARRIVAL AND DEPARTOREIf TRAINS. ET}>Ui%aUnn of P,*ffrtnoe Saturday ex* cepled. “Sunday excepted. t Monday excepted. I Ax* rlvcbundayaiS:uoa. m. {Dally. CHICAGO A NORTHWEST BEN RAILWAY. Ticket OfllueN 02 Clark-M. (.-herunui House) and 75 Cimal-aireet., corner Madlwm-at.. and at the depot*. I Leave. aPaelflc Pa*t Line... ‘*10:50 a. m. 1 * SMOp. in. o übuquel ay Kx.rla Clinton •lu:3Ua. m. • 3:40 p. m. oDubu«|ue> ghltx.vlaU ton 111:00p. tD. tmyia. m. (jomaha Mgbt Kxprees 4ll:0U p. in.;; d:3Ua! ni. fif reeport <t Dubuque Express • n:ir, a. m. • s;rtOp. m. utreeport A- Dabuiiue ExprrM • m.oop. m. • a:is«. m jwai'Kee Kaxl Mall (dally) 4 7:au a. m. {4:(*jp. m. AM wauhee Express l Ui:ma. m. 1 7:30 p. m. alike.: I axsvnger • r>;m p. m, *lo - 23 ain {(Milwaukee PaMeuger (dolly) }M:u)p. m. 4 5:00 a. m. M.rcen 1 ai Lxprua*.............. u::w*. m . • punp. m . {£*• ‘"1 ls &*•.. Mojtoa. m. • 4:uop.m. ftf • J’aul A u inuna KxprcM.. ;t PMS p. m. i 7:no n. in. l/Marquette I-.xpreM MOmop. m. • «:»»a. m. a( f w.eva Lake hxprem * 4;(Wp. in. •|u:4o». in. Mieucra Lake Kxprew « 4:4.'. p. m. » 7:00 p. in. o—l)ei«jlrortKTi»f WelUand Khizic-iu. (►—Depot corner of Cana] and Ulnik-iu. MICHIOAN CENTRAL RAILROAD. Depot, loot of Lakc-rt.. and loot of Twcnlyeeeond-n. lletet-oif.ee, tj, Clrtrg-»t., Muihcaav corner of Ran* dolph. and at P-luier House. | Leave. ] Arrive. Mall (via Main and Air Line)...* s.ooa. m. VChOp. n, {•“fin I ? rcfc< l V", in- 1 * «:inp, la. iSKAS 5; ft Morning l-.tprcaj • o.ooa. ro.,* 7:.V)p. m, M«tht bxprv-* ■( n.oop. m. !• C:3oa. m, t Saturday Ex. • bunday Ex. ; Monday Ex. { iially^ CHIOAQO, ALTOS t StTIODIB ud CHIOAQOI KABSAS Cm i DENTES GHOST LISES. Union l»er«t. M>st P'.lr, nocr Mimon-n. Lrljeo. ticket Oi;ia-»: At and IX2 lUndolpb-at. I Lwte, i Arrive. Kamu City 4 Dearer Fart Ex. •i2:Mp.tn. • 2:<On. m. m. j.ouls A: • k 'j>rlturrteltl K* •w;uuii.tn. • 7:r*o t>. nu ft. lajuU, bprlmtCeia* Texas. ! t>:C«>p, in. i 7:40a. m. Ivor II Day Kipri-n. ‘ nrnoa. m.i* 7;50p. m. Jlporlu, Keokuk A ltiirl ngion. • B:oop.m. • 7:40a. m. Uilc.ai;f>& I’aducnh It. U. 8:00a, m. * 7-Mp in Mreator. Laoon, Wmli'toti Ej.,M2;3op. m. • 2:4up m Jollfl & Dwlglit Acconiiiidnf nr* S:UJp. m. « u:2fia. au LAKE SHORE & MICHIGAN SOUTHERN. I Leave, j Matt. via Main Line ~.l ft;4ot. m. bm-to N.KxrrrM ) P:tioa.m. B:tur>. m. At antic fcxpreo#. .lull/ ! Sitap. m. U’ h l l i , ’J , . r •'coiminoJitlonn:4op. m. It; to a. m. Mtfbt hapreta ! tlO:Mlp. m. CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE k BT. PAUL BAILBOAR Union Depot, corner Madlaon and Canal-ata. Tlck.-j oillce, *i;i houili Clurk-sL, oppoalte blusrnua llousu, and at Depot. * Leave. Milwaukee Fxnrow Wisconsin A Minnesota Tbro’i Day HipreM •; Wl»coc»lo. lowa, and MlnncH (li)la KxpTTM ;• WI-h-uiulii & Minnesota Thro* Mght K*pmw if {H43 p. m. 8:25 a. m. ‘10:00a. m. 5:05 p, to. I*l All trains run via Milwaukee. Ticket* fop St. Paul ■ l ‘ ,! '‘ltlicr via MaUUon and I‘rnlrln da Chum, or via Watertown, La Crowe, ami WJouoa. ILLINOIS CENTRAL BAILEOAD. Depot, foot of Lake**!. and foot of Twenty •aeonnd*iL Ticket Ofllce, 121 Itaudolph-st.. near Clark. i Leave. | Arrive. 8U Louis Exprem H;4oa. m.* 8:45 p m.' bl. Louis lad Line [4 8:35 p. in. 4 T:Ma tu. Cairo A New OrleuaaE*. i* B:4ua. m. * «:«p. m. Cairo Nlsbl Kx .........:f 8:35 p. m.,4 7:30a. m. brrlDKficld, I'eorla A Kookuk* 8.40 a. m. A 5;30p. tn. Mirlnittuid NlrJii Kxrrew,.....* 8:35p. m. l # 7:30 a. m, Peoria and Keokuk Kxprwta... • 8:36 p. m. * T.Sna. m. l)iti>u(|ue A bloux fltyKx I* OUKJa. ni. I* 4:30 p. in. I'uliuijUeA tMotix City Ex J* mitftp. ra. • 7:UUo. in. Oilman Pasvntrer p 5:10 p. m.l* o:a3 a. m. CHICAGO, BURLINGTON ft QUINCY RAILEDAu Depots, fool or Lakc-st.. Imliona-av.. and hlxteeuth and dual and Wxiecuth-sU. Ticket OUlcea. 61 CUrk-st.. and at depots. Leave. Mall and Kxprcna Ottawa nail creator raMenft'r • Kmklord, Dubuque 4 blouxi CUr * I’twlne Fast Line. (or Omaha. *j Katuat Utr. Leavenworth. AU'ljlmiii A SL Jotcpb Ell*. *1 Aurora l’i'»en*jcr • Urnduta. Ottawa & fitreator I'anH'iKer • Aurorul’aawiitfcr • Aurora I’iuaeiiuer (Sunday)... liiiMKiiif A* Slum City Kxu.... * rwlflc MklU Exp. for Omaha f Eaiuu City, Leavenworth, Al>'lil«uti it fit. Joseph Exp.. tIOiOOu. in. l*omu r'» Grove Accummod'n ‘11:00a. m. Dowtirr a Grove Accoumiod'n • 1:43 p. tu. Dovuera Urorw Accomuiod’n • mas p. m., Exprom *ui;uO p. in.] *»Ea. Sunday. f Kx. balurday. jEx. Uo ERIE AND CHICAGO LINE. Ticket Offlcea. B 3 Clark-«., falmer tloi I’actllc. and at depot. U 2 .Mlcliltraa-av., c< ■on. Iralnaleavu from ExpovlUon Uulldli 7::ioa. ra. : 7:30a. m.i ' 0:30 a. ra. •KhUOa. ra. '10:001k m. ' a: is p. m. * 4:20 p. m. > 5:50 p. ui. 1:001>. m. ► »:aft p. m. 110:00 p. m. Leave. | D*y Eipreaa—Pnllman Draw liiK-tloum Sleeping Oar*, to , New York without change.. 8:50a. m. Atlantic Express Pullman 1 PalaceDrawliiglluoui Sleep ing Care and llolelCara I 5:(Wp. m.l Only line running the hotel car* to Near York. FirrSBUBO. FT. WATME 4 OHIOAQO RAILWAY, Leave. I > 0:00 a. mJ* !5:15 p. di. | S:iUp, tn. I 10:(aip. m. I * 5:05 a. tn. * Hay Ezrma • Pacific KxprcM II Local I’uMcuger—Fast Ma 11.... { •Sunday excepted. (Daily. tSaturday I Monday excepted. BALTIMORE 4 OHIO RIILMAP, Train* leave from Ezpoattloa Iloildlor. foot of Me* iou-Dt. Tlokub-oiUccs: ta Clark-tt.. ralmer Uouml Grand Paclilc, and Depot (Exposition Building). ~~~* Leave. Accommodation. ...., Day Express Fast Express * 7:40 a. nu • * 8:53 a. uu I i 5:09 p. Uu 4 (Dally. "Daily, Sunday* accepted. 1 OHIOAQO, BOOK ISLAND 4 PlfliriO »*n.Rnip, Depot, corner of Vaa Uureo aad Hbarmka-su. Ticket office Ofl Chuk-tU, Sherman Uotiao. Lmra Omaha, L6ftTßßw*tb A Atcti Cz Peru Acoommodallon KUUI Rzpro«..... MM . MMM . *io^oa. m.l • 5:0)0. tn. tl&OOp. Ukl 7 Arrive. Arrive. Arrive. 7:30 p. in. 4:00 p. ql •11:00 a. m. *1 7:00 a. m. Aitlto. 7:40 p. nx. 7:40 p. in. 3:40 p. m. 4:00 p. tu. 4:oo p m. 7:55 a. m. • o:x*a. m. • OiUO a. m. 10:ioa. tu. • T:uj ». mu 1 7:10 a. nu 1 7:10a. m. * 2:05 p. m. * 9:25 p. Mi. * 0:45 a. m. * 7:40 p. ui. imlay. lute, Oran* comer Maai. Arrive. 0:10 a. m. 9:10p. ta. ArrlveT J:o»>p. in. IhuO a. m! 8:0u a. m. 5:Q5 p. RU excepted! Arrive. 5:10 p. m. 8:10 a. m. aitopcn. Antra. 1 4:00 p. m. B:50a. tu. , a. Bk

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