Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 29 Mayıs 1876, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 29 Mayıs 1876 Page 2
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2 THE PULPIT. Prof. Swing on tho Progress of Christian Doctrine. Decoration-Day and the Lessons It Teaches—Sermon by the Kcv. Dr. Williamson. Tho Eev, Hebert Collyer on “The Eoots of the Revolution." cmasTiAN rnoGiiEss, BBUMON nr PROF. SWING. Prof. Swing preached yesterday morning at McVicker’s, taking for his text: Every scribe Instructed into the Kingdom of Heaven Is like unto a man Unit Is A householder which brinccth forth nut of his treasure things new And old.—Matt, xlii., fig. This verse comes from that parable speech of the Lord. The great Teacher poured into one iddrcss the richness of seven parables. The au dience was composed of those Orientals who never make a plain, prosy statement of any thought- When they say anything they deco rate the Idea until It is made as magnificent ns Solomon or Sheba's Queen, and when the idea bas thus been dressed up in the silk of poctrv or the fine linen of imagination, then they think It ready for presentation. In that land and age the trees talked, the animals talked, and except In pnrablo or In poetry, or In high Imagery, said no one anything to any one. In this passage the scribe In religion, in the Kingdom of God, la compared to nn old house keeper whose homestead had come down to him from former generations, and was hence full of old tapestry and new curtains, old and recent pictures, old and new plate, old and new robes, swords, and ornament*, mid, what wna perhaps better than all, full of old wine and nuw. The guests having assembled, the host brought out of Ms storeroom things new and old, uml (he silver Just from the shop was set out alongside thu plate from a former century, and the wine of the lust Vintage was tasted, often nml well, along with the richness that had been bottled many a harvest lime. How similar are (hu old est ifays and the youngest! Tho modern heart Is divided Ixdweon thu newest patterns and tho antique. At times each heart feels driven ns by Instinct to go back for something to the age oi Elizabeth, and nlong it comes proud ol a vulllc or a dwelling-house, or a chain, that was lovely when thu good Queen wore it, and looked at li or ordered it. Tims all ages Jove the new nml tlio old, and, If let alone, will beautifully mingle the present nml the past. It is with sueli figure of speech tho divine Teacher places beicre us thu scrlbo instructed into thu kingdom. A true scribe Instructed In tire duties of the kingdom an a householder, knowing the liberty and privilege of the family mansion, dues nut sit down to an unvaried rou tine, but he conics along with both hands full and wishing for u third timid that he might seize move fi-mu'clther antiquity or tho present. Tho kingdom of Christ accumulates like tin* con tents of a family house passing through thu long life in a land of entail. Hero uro plate and fur niture bearing the stamp of Moses. Here Is a harp that David field, and a group of psalms hu sang. Here Is the cup out ofwhlch Isaiah drank his sorrow, here is the long, black sackcloth which Jeremiah wore In his lamentations. And here is tho new also, the picture of John Bap tist, the vision of Christ, the cradle, cross, and tomb; hero arc nil the new words of the New Testament. The scribe instructed Into tho king dom Is afraid of nothing old and nothing new. He is only the dealer In thu goods; hu dues not make the goods. Hu is only as a cup-bearer in the palace of hla King. Let us employ this parable of tho Lord not as warranting our conclusions, but os furnishing us with an illustration of what wc perceive to ho the fact now In the grflnt house of religion. We shall not hold thu Scripture responsible for our thought, hut shall onlv love it ns a happv '.llustratlon. Our ago la for tho most part a •voll-iiirttructed scribe, and Is bringing forth from the treasury thu new and the old. It car ries along the old ns far as It him not utterly ‘otted mid perished. When Moses commanded dial no fire should ho kindled on thu Sabbath lay, he issued the order In a mild cllraatewlieic the suffering from cold would not ho Intense, smi nuw when our theological teachers deduce the modern Sunday from the Mosaic age, they draw out of the treasury only thu permanent juallty of the day and leave thu law against ire to work out Its usefulness }» a 3ioro temperate zone. Going Into tho wine cellar to bring forth" the vintage of the past they leave thu bottles already broken and bring forth thu old, Indeed, pro vided It be not already spoiled. There are those who produce only the old. They so venerate tho post that in that wide area of time nothing bun yet spoiled, nothing Ims lost Davor, but thu whole time lies before them us rich in faith, hope, and charity around David na around Christ. But the truth is, Christ read better the Mosaic ugu. He culled out of it some grunt doc trines,—those of sncrillce, penitence, faith, mid righteousness,—-ami then threw thu rest away, im did the Dshcrmen who culled overon the shore the products of the drug-net. Then, after Christ hud brought tho vtdunhlu old out of thu treasu ry, He proceeded to bring out the valuable new, and thus stands to-day the mighty householder of His own parable. Wonderful Is ’the display of B>ods before the guests of all the centuries I* Al la table all the ages meet. The new mid old kiss each other mid make vows of perpetual friendship. Christ was u beautiful conference mid communion between Yesterday and To morrow. It will never lie the privilege of any genera tion to announce a doctrine that shall contra vene a doctrine of Christ. The servant may not he greater than his muster; hut it will he thu privilege of all times to mako new deductions from the principles of the Lord, carrying for ward to the irutt ideas He had left In the leaf and llowcr. In Euclid the propositions set forth at first by the* old composer or discoverer were in singleness of aim, but by degrees bulh sequent geometricians added corollary alter corollary, until In Ibe end tlm one idea of the. Greek Is seen moving along with a train of de ductions lung ami luminous as thu (rain of a comet, or beautiful us the rullimu of a Queen. The modern student brings forth out of that mathematical storehouse things new and old— thu old of Euclid, the. new os Davies and Le gendre. Thus thu religion of Christ stands ns a summary of vital truths some of which Huonlv announced, others of which Hu wrought out with Hfs life ami death; ami after Mini comes the church, seeking out ami adding Ils own cor ollaries one by one as they are evolved by thu new thought or new wants of society. A truth can never stand forth In perfect Isolation; It must soon bu fruitful of iulluuneus, ami be, like Adam or Eve, the father or mother of a family. It used to bu contended that the New Testament did not tench any such duty ns thu inamimlaakm of slaves. Tin; slave-driver hi tlm • pulpit and on Urn ro>trum combined with the driver on the. cotton-field in tlm demand for tlm chunter and verse that should oppose Urn Insti tution ami the liberty—nmn could not meet the demand very exactly, hut along they ramo with a large part of the civilized world with them, bringing thu powerful corolla ~f liberty from Urn main propositions of Uu‘.-t. Out of the grand old house came tlm new as wvH mi the old by the scribes well drilled m thu kingdom of Clod. Thus, also, the republican form of gov ernment stands as an Inference from the equal ity of man. ft docs not appear as the policy of the Infinite One to do fur man what man could do for himself, and hence In revelation to say anything man could say for himself. To throw down generalities, and to require the human race to apply tin: principle* right ami left for ever, was evidently the scheme ol the Heavenly Father. He left ample employment for lib children. Tlicrc wore no Sunday-schools iu tlie ago of Muses or of Christ. According to the literal lilts there never siiouhl be auy. There should j*o no Bible Society, fur hi their theory lie U to be condemned forever who adds to and takes away fmm the prophesy of that book. Some ClirpliaiiM do oppose the Sunday-school on the ground of no adciuatu warrant, And so there is <jui(c a large body of Christians who sing no hymns but those placed by tho Almighty hi tlie ‘•book of i'Bulm*.” They will not commune with tnose who slugu “human composition.” thus they bring out of tiio treasure only tlie old. There Uno mingling of tha new m tlie least of life. The events of Christ's life and death, the. lender doctrines of the NVw Testament, tin; dear view of Heaven seen there but nut seen iu the poetry of Havid, the thought and feeling of nineteen Christian centuries are not woven Into their worship, but (or centuries after thdr Savior lias come they dug wonts written a thousand years before, when the Uedevtuer was unseen, and the whole heart of religion beat low. But with the Church ut large no such philosophy pre vailed, und with the Bible for their constitu tional Jaw, tliey built up a erand hyuimdogv which springs up aimw generation and til* corporates into its. If lint n -w Ideas and send* incuts of the parsing generation. It would Seem, therefore, that the divine wish must have been and must be that upon the utter ance* of the Bible man should plant himself, not as the soivlle copyist of eneli most minute '•event and utternnee/lmt us a free, thinking mind, expected to advance from onn to Hus many, but never from the true to Hie false. Tlie v,millions* of sect nre lienee mmvoMiiMc, because, with only n base-line given, n dozendlf ferent engineers may triangulate. in twelve dlf ferenfdirections, as'frttiey leads. As the New Testament laid down oulV a simile l»a«e-llne of worship. It was easy for liifTcrent engineers to move out upon the fueu of thu religious voiitl limit nlong different jmlhs. One might easily work iinrtmvnrd and map onto Puritan country, one might point hie compass southward nml give us the Episcopal mam and yet, from a sin gle Imse-llnn may they an liavo moved. Out of the old comes the new, ns part of the old and ns good as the old, hut by nn mvan* the name. Not lon# sines « Illgh-Chureli Bplsenonllfm pleasantly said; “How young you nre I Your church Is only six months old I Our church Is ns old ns the era ef our l.ord; we are the chureli established by Christ Himself I" And yet wo who meet here In tills room meet In the name of all the venerable truths of religion. All the years of earth nre on us and around us so far w those years held anything of value. The cups arc Indeed lost of which John nml James and Paul drank the communion; the little “upper room " where Christ Himself sat has fallen into decay. We believe that even the highest order of Episcopacy does nut pretend to possess that. The couch i« gone upon which the beloved Dis ciple reclined. 'lints there Is much of the past which wc do not any longer posses. But as for the communion, that passing of the bread and wine from friend to friend In memory of the Master, that right wc have In Just exactly such a fullness of years as pertains to the same sup per in the Episcopal or Papal precincts. The pools of water In which John baptized wc have not. The Jordan changes perpetually Its bed, and now there Is preen grass perhaps, or nn olive tree a thousand years old, on the snot where the Baptist oneo wont down Into the Jor dan. \Ve have not the exact baptism of an tiquity, but we have the water upon the fore head m the name of the Triune God, ami this Is ns old In this church os hi the one where St. Chrysostom preached or SI. Augustine wrote down the doctrines of the new religion. The waters of the Jordan have been evaporated a thousand times, and a thousand times have fallen elsewhere, nml new waters which once were In the Mississippi have llllcd up the Jordan brook; ami Urns the Episcopal priests have come and gone ami gone ami come, till the sncml ne*s of the Apostolic succession Is as valueless for the purposes of religion ns the succession of water on Lebanon and llcnnou are valueless for the Immersion or sprinkling of the new era. We love to draw from God’s Word the old truth found In the wafer that tvplflcs the washing white of the soul, but we ahull never look around for the old hands that once led the convert down into the stream. The nnfhjultv we love Is the an tiquity of valuable doctrines, not thu antiquity of a garment, a robe, or of a name. The cross we believe In Is 1,800 years old; the conversa tion we all hold ns essential is us ancient as our era, dating buck to tbo Damascus Gate; the charity we teach dates buck to thu date of Moses when tie comminuted some sheaves, and some grapes, and some tigs to lie left for the widow mid the fatherless; the faith by which wo all hope to he saved has come to us from'Abraham by an unbroken succession holier than the con tinuity of I lie priesthood. He began that hu man experience called trust lu mid obedience of God winch was destined to run through all coming times as the power that shoulu bind man to duty and to hope, making him powerful In all the paths of virtue and usefulness, and hopeful in all days of cloud uml pain. Indeed, thu “old" o‘f the treasure comes to us clothed with peculiar sweetness and worth, for we sec In It thu experience and favorable witness of all who have lived nn earth. Antiquity Is very dear In Us truths. Instead of moving away from it let us stand by its varied excellences. The soil which we toss about with our plow ami spade Is perhaps tea thousand years old. Wo all know what rains, mid frosts, ami abrasions, and chemical actions have been necessary to transform vol canic rock Into the covering of our Deld. Wo ask no new soil. It Is the old wu love. So a* to antiquity, we perceive what precious Ideas of religion it has dincevured, or received, or tried, ami cherished for us. W e perceive the Inspira tion of our fathers, and the cradle nml cross of our Savior, hut here amid these deep, funda mental Ideas our devotion to tho past ends. The age of a church organization, the antiquity of a Roman Church, or a Russian Church, has in itself no charm either to charm or to ultend. Tho Mohammedan Church is old, thu Chinese worship is perhaps older still, the Government of China is older than the monarchy of England or the democracy of our own land; but all this antiquity of Church or State is a mere bauble compared with the value of the fundamental truths that have come to us from old revelation and old labor, and old experience of Joy and sorrow. The most valuable union of the Old and the New Ip that wherein we see a ncwlnterpretatlon or modification of the ancient doctrine. No brunch of thought has closed Ha account with mankind. AH Science, religions, political, or natural, beeps up n running nccount wlilipo cicty, and there are made dalle new entries and new ciimrlings. Thu older the world heroines the larger are these dally reports. The books of theology written In the sixteenth or seven* leenth century were no more empowered to dure up the st'udy of reliction than tlic hooka of Jbivoti and Blaekstonu weru set up the terminus of philosophy. As thu world grows broader, ns Ita contents heroine more varied, the Scripture east down Into the midst of It In to be f*eu ill a hundred new lights. Wlmt the Bible may have said about liberty would he Httlo thought of while monarchy was the only (iovermnent known or dreamed of by the people; but when* ever, from some cause, the idea of a Republic should cuter the mind, then the Bible would lie read from end to end, timt its utterances In Chin direction might be found and used ils artillery of freedom’s war. So after l.uther the Bible waa read over with the eye fixed for the word faith. In an ago when punishment waa severe, and when tlm word mercy played no great jairt, when the will of the King* was law, uud when the people randy sliiitied Justice in the abstract, thru the doctrine of Inturc punishment might assume miy shape, however horrible, w ithout cunning any religious doubts in pulpit or pew; but let an age of philan thropy come, such os began to appear In the seventeenth century, and let an ago of reason dawn such ns dawned In thu eighteenth century, when learned and free thinkers were laving thu foundations or reason in philosophy and Justice in government, and in such an ago new interpre tations of bell uud heaven and God must be drawn out of that great storehouse—the Bible. Tliev must come, because that la thu first age that’ ever brought any light or study to hear upon these Ideas. In a lime and place of little nm<dc and of little happiness and of much plain ness of all customs, It will bu easy to eonelmlu that God must, he praised with 'only Rouse’s discordant version of the psalms; hut lu an age of music and of poetry the younger generations will examine more carefully Into thu argument that imposed upon them thu rudu muslu and language of their sanctuary. Tims, as thu world widens out in Ita mental power uud In its accumulated contents. It leads the old Scripture hack into Its midst for a new questioning, it orders the Bible to thu bar of Justice, and kindly asiks It why It taught our fathers this and that i And, m a general result, the Bible steps down in honor, hut leaving many a blush of confusion on the face of our fathers. Thin Intermingling of the old and the new In not only thus actual,but it la unavoid able. It comes from the simple (act that man la u progressive being. The word progress Implies the Imperfection of yehterdav undthe continued Imperfection of to-tluy. If ft worn not (or tills imperfection there could he no progress of any hind. 'Hie Hrst minds that coin.; up to the Christ would no morn gnwp 111 m than the ilr-t Hem that saw the power of steam would fabri cate an engine (o which no ago could ever add anything, or than the Hrst man who fell the pul* satlonof freedom could found n muddle ol in* tlnlte and unchanging worth. Onr Ueimhllc, ut the end of Its first, hundred years, is Imperfect still, and heforu ns opens u second period that must he ils full of thought and action and prayer as were the days o( Hanker Hill ami Yorktown. (led has seen to it that the labor of mind and soul shall never mid, hntwhatever tho past lias done the present and future shall lie around us immense In their work. The Christian doc trines He before ua Just as onr country lies be fore us, Inviting us to toil the most patient, (lie most humble, the most loving. If there is a single doctrine of Christianity that has been fully wrought out and detined in all its details, and over which study lias come to u sweet end, Ido not know of it. There are person* who do know of such finished Ideas, ft Is easy to Und tho persons. We have no ditllcnlty on that point. Theyulwuys present themselves willing ly and proudly; Imt li.e Unlolicd ideas are ind half so conspicuous Have they eluded uptiie dcllnillun of (.Jodi Have they defined tim atonement ( Have they dulncd tho Word “faith” so u« to harmonize the day* of Job with the days of Christ I Have tliey found out what kind of u church is marked out in tho Bible, whether it l>e Kplseopol or sim ply derlculf Have they found tlie exact power of the sinner’s will? Have tliey found tho inode of baptism? Have they so jlctlncd Inspiration that they know the meaning of Genesis, and the Place of the fourth commandment, of the ihb oath, in tlie Christian i*vdcm( If any of then* fpu>llons have been m i at re.d, w.» have fall-d to Und tin* book in which tills end of impilry Jnuy lie found. Tiiere Is no sudi book of peace, the doctrines of religion, the doctrines of Chris tianity, lie to-d.iy before u» like the earth in WUldi w« live, having its discovered und Its uu THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: MONDAY. MAY 29, 1876, dlocovorcd country, Its discovered and undiscov ered powers. Enough of earth Ims been discov ered to afford us all a home, and enough of Its powers have been solved to furnish steam that that may do niir Work, ships that may carry ii«, eloflies that may protect ns, food that may feed us; but away from our feet, away from our sight, them aru )>ow«trs sleeping, 'inventions dreaming, of which no outline has yet appeared, and then away from this little ball all tno Im mense upper depths arc veiled lu shadow. So In Christianity: there nre discovered ami un discovered shadings of truth, but the known is sufficient, or at least valuable, to lend us along paths of usefulness and piety, and to bring us to heaven if wo so will mid so strive; but soon (here springs up thu undetermined, and Into this cloud we all inarch in the quest of new light and new hope, just as our world each morning girds Itself for new industry. Not only Is there a visible Christ, but there Is a “ veiled Christ," a height and depth of Christ not seen except by the egotist. There is a visible “faith" and an unmeasured “faith,” a church actual ami then a chureli of the future, whose walla arc not yet alxivo ground, but at whose foundations tbo Christian thinkers and lovers of our day toil, toil hi u hope that never wavers, because God has placed them In a universe wlierc the new Is always twining Itself beautifully about the old. Aro there any here who lament the changes eomo ftiideomfng before your cyus In tills gen eration f We believe them is not one sueli in this entire audience. Thu fact that in all the awakened thought of this century not ono val uable Men has fallen away forbids that wc should Indulge In any “ sadness." The narrow sectarian souls have wept all along thu century. Their eyes are wet with sadness. But behold, after Lee, ami Buchanan, and Wallace, ami Chalmers, and Tullock, and McLeod, and Horace Ihislmoll, and Finney, mid Colenso, mid Tyne, and Gumming havu passed through the pnntncon, casting down certain Idols, tbo the ology of Christianity has eomo forth from these hearts'truer than before, mid better equipped for the duty and trial of the next century. Our world fs otic that grows larger as it rolls on. It began with chaos, nml is rolling on toward harmony. The old becomes tho foundation of tho new. Thus the Church of Christ will imitate all thu other works of God. and will ask every age to come to her ami throw down at her feet Its new labors nml new love. Thu little sum of money she left with the world years ago slut will ask back, with thu ad ditional live pounds, mid she will upbraid you If your mite In a napkin, mid you trcmfdlng over It on account of her auster ity. She does not believe lu timidity, but lu good ban! work. Lot no onu wait for a perfect creed to ho found. As well wait for a perfect home, or per fect state, or perfect music, or perfect happi ness. Nothing comes without alloy. Upon tuo great principles ns already developed let us pour deepest love, for our life is too short for the works they Impose, and our tomb is so near we dare not despise Cor a day tho sunny hope found in Jesus Christ. THIS UXFOUGOTTEN DEAD. SCRMO.V lir TUB HBV. VII. WILMA St SOX. The Ilcv. Dr. Williamson, of the Wabash Avenue M. E. Church, corner of Eourtcenth street, yesterday morning preached a sermon In commemoration of Memorial-Day, ami en titled •* Our Fallen Soldiers Not Forgotten." Hu took aa Ids (ext: t He that waltcth on his Master shall ho honored. Prourbt, 3-jtII., 18. Following is the sermon In full: The onlor of importance In which oy duties are assigned by a Just science of morals Is: first, duties to God; second, duties to country; third, duties to family; fourth, duties to so ciety ; fifth, duties to self. Our first duty Is to God our Creator. He made us that Ho might enjoy us, anddarowc Interfere orollendi If men van be educated to obey God, they can be taught tho beautiful secret of personal peace and happiness. When God’s will Is done among menus well us It Is understood, human society will have but few reasons to mourn. Nearly nil misfortune and sorrow come front disobedience. Thu perfect will of a Supremo Intelligence Is quite clearly known, but It Is almost as gener ally unheeded. Every man of ordinary mind mid heart knows precisely how he should mor ullv behave. We all have very great reason to be thankful that important duties In every re lation of life are so plain. Tho kindness of our Heavenly rather seems to have formed tills In stitute of nature. Tho great misfortune *ot (he human mind Is not its moral blindness, but Its willfulness and perversity. Men are willing to obey Qod most of the time, because obedi ence Is generally most convenient and politic. God’s laws are observed by men more tbau they arc broken, but Umt Is not enough. 1 t aunu't think that Qod gets angry when men violate Ills law, though 110 sends swift retributive dis aster. Men sfn against Qod when they break any law of nature, us really and Immediately as when they break any law of Grace. We cannot be too particular In all tilts matter of obedience to God. Thu more perfectly wo obey Him, the more truly religious wu are. The human soul is sanctified wholly when it attains a perfect willingness to obey God In every particular,— greater little. When any conflict of authority arises, let God always have tho pre-eminence. Our country, our family, our society, mid our self, have no right to call as loudly as our God. Next to God, however, every man should most regard the call of his country. Some say they are completely willing to respond in loftiest patriotism to the call of their country, (ml not always to the call of their country's Adminis tration.—as though in national exigencies these could he separated. The sentiment of an Ad ministration must bo taken ns the deslrcof the nation, Just as the defeat of the one is historic ally regarded as the humiliation of the other. The country cannot speak but through its Ad ministration, nor cannot succeed or fail but by administrative wisdom or iiicompetency. It is very easy, lot no one forget, to allow po litical partisanship to alienate our patriotism. Disloyally to au existing Administration is the only wav to be disloyal to a country. During Its 'oillelul existence tho Administration of a country is the country, ami as such Is untitled to the loyalty of every patriotic citizen. Eroin tile earliest times, loyalty to one’s country* has been regarded as an unneniahie personal excel lence. When the War of the Hebtdllou began patriotic men of all parties responded to the call of an imperiled Hcpubllcan Administration, by the buvciclguty of American voles 1 he glorl oiw old ilag was banded to Lincoln to hold in trust for the nation, until by an equally deliber ate and sovereign verdict they should see lit to give It to some other choice. When a recreant and traitor South arose to smite that sacred en sign, what eoutd Lincoln do hut call the “ throe hundred thousand more ” to the defense. Lin coln’s voice was the voice of his country, and those who ran at Ids bidding, ran at the bidding of tho nation. The adjustment of an Admin istration to a State is so Intimate Mml to ruin one ruins both, and to save tho one you must spare tiie other. The Government of the Jews was a Theocracy, God's will was the country’s Administration. Patriotism among that remarkable people meant absolute obedience to the will of uod. and waa esteemed a first attainment of Jewish murals. Tiie undent Government of Egypt was an unre lieved despotism. Tho will of tho Monarch was the one supreme law uf the Stale; and, in eon sequence, there could be no real patriotism. Tiie individual cannot love the State unless ids voice is heard iniluendng Iter councils and fixing her polity. Caste distinctions prevailed, us in most Oriental countries, to curse 'it hy creating unnatural separations and discriminations. There wo* no chance for pure patriotism, be cause of tho rigor of the enforced obedience, amt the political and social t>liipiUlty of a nation of dispirited bondmen. The Assyrian and Per sian (States, like the Egyptian, were absolute monarchies, relieved, it is true, oy such wise and humane rulers as Cyrus and Darius, hut gener ally in servitude so profound as to be quite In consistent with the inception and nature of the grace uf Individual patriotism. The mild per mission of valorous dparla, by which her people Were allowed to vole on lawasiibmUlcd to them by the Senate, fostered an nncuniiucrublc popular devotion to an bondage. The Athenian Stale was a despotism of pure democracy. Not the will of tho one, hut of the many, was inuppunlable law. Tiie rule of tills Ideal democracy was u furious and unrelenting tvraimv. To no higher master could the poor minority appeal. The State finally died of im exuberate l of untutored and undisciplined patriotism. Each man Was loyal In Ids own way, without willing, by Intelligence and sacrifice, the weal of tiu; rest. If tiie Spencerian theory uf social evolution lie unsatis factory to explain the growth of Christian civili zation. I cannot but regard It ns avury plausible and pleasurable way of tracing the history of Individual patriotism, from its rudimentary in dications in Israel, through its Inchoate real in Mparla and instinctive valor in Home, to lu sub limity of realization under the Englbh Condi tutiuii. The prolunged contest lit tiie Homan Stale between patrician and plublan blood was the unhallowed and unforgiving rivalry of aris tocratic uml democratic patriotisms (orascendan cy in the affairs of tbe world. That the patriotism was genuine, without being Intelligent, is shown by the military unity uml common pride under both uu Imperial Caii-ar and a more democratic Tribune, ii was mu, however mu'.l King John wa* tortured lino the gift of the Great Charier that educated patriotism bail something worthy to live for. In thr language of Mr. Hidlam, “This is still tho keystone of English liberty. All that bos since been ol*- tabled Is little more titan confirmation or cum- mcntary, and If every subsequent law wore to In* swept nwny, Him* would Mill remain (lie hole! features which dlstlnguldi a free from n despotic monarchy.” When the universal power of absolute monarchy had been forever 'woken In the Aiiglo-Hnxon world l*y the Magna Clmrtn of Klim John and (he concessions of Ed ward Hus First, the value and reliability of popular patriotism wore first recognized by ad mitting the common )>eupln to a voleohitho Great Council.—that Is to say, In the creation of the House of Commons. The principle upon which the English House of Commons wan founded will never he surrendered hv a patriotic State. One such taste of freedom fs enough to excite an Insatiable relish for such high provis ion. Within the great heart of an Intelligent national patriotism (he foundation of every throne should bu laid. In virtue of courage nml numbers the people must always prove sovereign when they assume thus to decide. The a ire of our glorious .Magna Clmrtn <» now Intrusted to the people wnom its provisions enfranchised; If need he they must die to keep Its provisions Inviolate. It Is not only thedulyof to respect nml obey bis country, hut ids*) to support anddefend It- It Is thn duly of the Stale to live as much ns It Is the duty of the Individual. The fact that every nation must die the same as everv citizen, docs not relievo It from tho duty of living Us longest possible age. Nations mid men should now live os If (hey never expected to die, and as though the whole work of securing a completed human civilization was to he accomplished hv this generation. The nation Is often assailed by the iml lon, nml for Us dofcise must summons tho courage and-resources of Us patriot ic sub jects. The Stale may In Justice spend every drop of Us citizens* blood to save Us greater life, ami very ninny times the State can only live at the sacrifice of tho man. The Tree of Lib erty Is planted In an arid and uncertain waste of tho lust of power, and tho doccltfulncss of pop ular praise, nml to live at all ft must depend upon enriching and priceless baptisms of human blood. That Is the highest patriotism that in telligently and under a crushing realization of the awful cost brings Its oltcrlngs of Its own blood to outpour nt the roots of this sacred and ever Insatiate tree, tlmt not ft launch may wither nor a fruit waste. Next to dying for one’s God Is dying for one’s country. Our conceptions of God, too, are very much according to Ills legal recognition in our country’s laws. The mural (one of a nation's law is fur from a mean or Illiberal theological teacher. If n man honor his country by enlisting In her service when her liberties and life arc imperiled, ho ahull be re warded by the munificence of her legislation mid the memorial refrains of her social life. The heart of the people is full of undying apprecia tion of the valor and sacrifices uf the patriot dead who so recently gave themselves to their country, and to whoso memory we especially set apart this law, but even the grateful and loyal recollection of an Intelligent people can not restrain their forgetfulness. In all gratitude there most he Included tho element of sacrifice. To adequately thank tho men who died for us, we must bestow upon tho interests they. If alive, would most cherish permanent ami substantial good. The way to fully recognize the greet services of our martyred citizens, Is by Iho practical methods of permanent legislation In pensions for service and misfortune, In medals ami mon uments for peculiar valor and independence, In civil immunities from taxes and other uuwcl come services, and in political preferments by voles and lengthened olllelnl terms. These memories, too, may receive high tribute by t lie renewing of our fealty to the Government these men died to sustain, and by such a new and pure Interest in American politics as will hold our redeemed land henceforth true to the beauti ful trusts our soldier dead fell to win. These “Decoration Days” should bo so observed as to bring us In patriotic- citizenship Into the same loyal spirit as our now fallen comrades possessed when tncy volunteered. The political purity of any nation Is an exact Index of that nation’s popular conscience. It is folly, as well a« crim inal unmtmllness, to say that the few artful and bad professional politicians beguile the mosses Into political transgressions. The voters who choose had men are themselves bad. Thu great est political crime of which an American free man can lie gulltv is to fall to vote. It Is non sense to support any party under the haludna tlon that It Is purer than any other party. There Is no dllferenco in purity between the contend ing political parties. These parties may differ very widely In tho wisdom and prnctlcobllity of their theoretical principles, hut In purity thcycannot rise higher than tne personal and private Integrity of tho Individual voters who compose them. If wo want a pure Government, let us vote only for pure men, knowing that the political principles held by good men aro, as a rule, the best. Bad men will do badly regardless of their pure theo retical guarantees, when by our unguarded suf frage they come into power. An Intelligent and good Administration cannot rule unwisely or impurely. When tho masses of men eome'lnto tho possession of that clear and independent conscleneuthut Hilt cast Its highest franchise for none hut good men, our national discords and official humiliations Will cease forever. The safety of a free people lies in the moral purity of tho nubile conscience. A suitable implement to rulhluc a nation’s active virtue has not yet been forged, nor can It be. The masses of our citizens cannot have even ft selfish Interest in the criminal prosperity of tho Individuals. The spoils of official misrule arc never distributed among the people. Let the conscience of tho masses watch the cupidity of tho man, and a higher official tone shall everywhere liu resound ed. Though tho Government under which we live Is Republican. and though wc love it so tenderly and so well, let us not to-dav forgot the high and exacting sovereignty of Democracy, and the associated despotism of a political majority. Governments exist among men because both human Jmlgmcnt and conscience need a master. Good and lasting laws are made in moments of calm and thoughtful reflection to restrain hu man passion, to turn unyielding obstinacy, and to adjust dangerous altercations. We should cultivate such a personal attachment to our form of Government, and such nn unconquera ble devotion to tho Integrity of tho old flog, that if uur country should call again fur de fenders wo would instantly respond; but it will not thus stimulate our patriotism, nor will it increase our affection forour present rulers, to llnd conSnmd fault with the m'cntrlclttos mid weaknesses of their administration. It Is a great mistake to suppose that, as a nation, we aro very badly governed. What more or differ ent would wo have done! This Republic has grown to bo an enormous concern. Its neces sary patronage towers Into hundreds of mill ions, and among Its countless employes It can not Iml Include'many dishonest men. All great nations uru burdened with similar misfortune, but not In every, nation do equal facilities exist for its detection, exposure, ami punishment. I wonder that things are ns well as they arc, when I think of tho human heart, out of which nil governments by tho people must spring, and of the exposed and tempting millions of money that Ho powerless within the grasp of official uvcrlce. Let no soldier then think that bo mode an unwise choice when he freely entered the nation’s army. This land was well worth saving In all its magnificent po .lltlcul and organic unity. To have hud a hand In sustaining your country’s honor must forever remain your proudest record, and to have ; anointed'your country’s most frightful wound with your own precious blood shall be your im mortal epitaph upon Columbia’s purest tomb. Wc get our notions of official dishonesty from an often misguided or venal press. Thorn will always b« two great political parties In all rcih rchcntativo Governments to create double chances fur office. These sanguinary parties will have their loyal press with which to argue ami malign each otherdown. The unscrupulous de sire for partisan ascendancy to secure, lor a given interest, tho spoils of official patronage, lathe worst feature of a Republican Slate, but It cannot he instantly helped, anil to eternally grumble, and find fault about it is worse than nuiihciitiu. If any man is present to-day who feels that uur country U not worth lu vast cost, mid Unit the multitudes of our young patriots who fell to sustain it died in an un worthy strife, let him chasten Ills unpatriotic heart by a few historical recollections. Thou sands of the best blood of Rome fell at Aetlum simply to close the rivalry that had long existed between Antony ami Augustus. Wu-s it for the good of Homo that rumpe.y caused the .Senate to pass u decree “that Gajsar should disband Ids army in Transalpine Gaul bv a certain day, ami that if be did not do so lie should be regarded os an enemy of tho State f” or was it from a selfish fear of Caj-mr’s llmd dictatorial ascendancy ? Answering this decreo, why did Cic-ar cross tno Rubicon, If not tu invade the Republic, mid to upon those dreadful civil hostilities whoso issue should he, not the enfranchisement of a great people, but the fixing upon his own wide brow tho full w eight of a Roman Crown. For what graco or excellence shall we pay tribute to tho un counted thousands who died for these ambition* rivals mi dread Phanulla’a final and Moody fleldl Oi the ihover of F.iurll.-hvblvalry was led avast army by Edward 11. against the famous Bruce# Into Scotland. but only to meet its destruction at the uwml field of Bannockburn, and whose tlumk* do these misguided patriots receive? From 100,000 to 800,000 men fell iu possibly the world’s greatest battle on tho plains of Burgundy, milv to chock the hitherto In vincible Alula. ThU furious Hun was success fully stayed fur a season by tho valor of A< tiu>. but wherein the vi.Ul or moral advau- tagu of all this waste of life and treasure I Tho men who followed the fortunes of Alexander from Chcrunea to llabylou, and from the Hellespont to the Indus, though they un wittingly spread the Greek civilization all over (ho world, gained from loyal Mneedon no such touching tributes an have fallen (Ids day upon the graves of tmr patriot dead throughout nil this noble land. It might, have been good for all South America to have been liberated by the sword of Ihdlvar, nml to have been formed bv him Into n Federal Republic, ns lie promised, but the unfortunate climaxing of disinterested patriotism In Peru, by which this distinguished leader became Dictator, gives to such u proba bility udllTcreut coloring. It was certainly not thepreposscsslngpersonal appearance of Cromwell that attracted soldiers to Ids standard, If we are rlchtlv Informed by (his quaint fragment form Sir Pfdllp Warwick: *• His apparel was very ordinary, for it was a plain cloth suit, which seemed to have been made by an 111 country tailor. Ills linen was plain, and not very dean, and I remember a speck or two of blood upon his little band, widen was not much larger than his collar. His hat was without a Imt-lmnd. His stature wan of good slim; his sword stuck close to*his side; Ids countenance swollen and reddish; Ids voice sharp and untunalde, and his eloquence full of fervor.” It was Cromwell's strung judgment and Implacable antipathies that lixed Ills In fluence with the I’urllan party. Many bravo and conscientious men. died to win Cromwell con quests, but did they die for as brave and con scientious results as our beloved soldiers I Sup pose he did win victories over the Royalists, what did the nation gain by the exchange I The army was made to rule the Parliament, hut how was that greater political liberty I And though many died to prove the opposite, I must still persist In regarding a Presbyterian as fully equal to an Independent. Poor Charles was homo to the cruel Mock by the tireless exertions of this Christian!l) ruler, but what did liberty pain by the murder! Many martial patriots stood around the Lord Pro tector when he dismissed the Parliament, hut whoso grateful hearts shall canonize this valor, or whose Imperishable apploudlta shall make such deeds Immortidl Men miss it Irretrievably when they go to war merely for a change of rulers. The soldiers In our late Civil War died to win two sublime moral results: First, to turn a nation of Itomlmcn into freemen; and, second, to show the world that a Republican Govern ment can save Us integrity even by force. These men gave to the long unfortunate blacks the highest political liberty it Is possible to con fer, In that they gave them the chance to earn their own bread, and to oat It without molesta tion. It had been also the confldcnt prediction of Monarchy that our Republic would not bear the strain of internleino rebellion. The world regarded ua as a highly-civilized and forbear ing nation, existing uy kind, mutnl conces sion In time of general peace, but altogether too weak and Irresolute to assert our authority when disloyal passion should arise In determined rebellion. Our boys died to correct this Impression, In behalf of the principle of universal Republicanism. These men died not only to send a lesson abroad, hut also to Inform every Slate In the Union that se cession from our Federal agreement Is utterly Impossible. Our brothers who watted upon their country In the extremity of her peril, wo, answering tfie Master’s voice, desire tills morn ing to honor. They are gone, but thdr works abide. No man ought to he, and no man can be, immortal In this world, but In his beneficent works. Each one who fell In tmr Civil War had a personal part in the proud results. What the many Anally accomplished the man con tributed to secure. But for the promptness and valorof ourcittzcn Boldierv,tlicgroatAmcri can Union would he u thing of the post, the ling would have been despoiled of Its stars, nml the inspiring glories of our great history would tmve been retracted. Well may we deck In richest flowers these patriot tombs. These graves hold sacred dust. Here Ho hearts once In carnating on Inspiration wo shall never have even the chance to emulate. These fallen braves, in stalwart manhood, heard the de spairing cry of an affrighted country, and run to her relief. The grand temple of Liberty was In flames, and naught would extinguish them hut profusions of patriot blood. These national martyrs fell In the Iron storm; we shall save their memories by the fragrant symbols of perpetual peace. Thu high honor of n nation's perpetual grati tude cannot ho awarded to any who did not freely respond to their country’s call. Con scripted loyalty Is not the national commodity we would strive to cultivate. Every true anil Intelligent patriot fears to go to war, even in defense of ids country, because he realizes the vastness of the interests ho puts In jeopardy; but this cities not. deter hlnt-from volunteering. The patriotism must he profound Indeed that will overcome our natural timidity In the pres ence of anticipated danger, and lead us to boldly agree to do wlmt it will most likely cost us our life to perform. Columbia Is always safe when snrrounded by her hosts of martial volunteers. Hers Is a material Government, safe In the hearts of the millions uf her courageous sons. Thu foo that dares to smite our beloved mother must rob her every hov of his blood before the indignity can be called redressed. Standing for our''mother against her enemy’s steel, we call “volunteering.” Ours Is the only country that can depend'upon Its free contributions of military service, oeeauj-e ours Is the only country tlmt can ever be placed In peril. Hereditary crowmj, not popular mf mfntotrcirtoiM. aro Imperiled In times of war In all lands but our own. A government of the people, and fop the people, may safely risk Us existence with the people. Wlmt these soldier friends of ours died to gain, wo should live to preserve. Tito poor slaves at the South received from them the form of freedom, and from us they are expecting to receive (ho power. Our bravo and loyal army denied the slave his master, and now we must teach him to need none. These long-abused colored men arc no longer held In bondage by law, hut they are still In the deeper tliralldom of Ignorance and Inexperience. How to reap the full advantages of freedom It Is now our duty to Inform them. The rigor of the mili tary power of a free nation has been attested by the sacrifices of these noble men, but the sufll cicnt and ceaseless purity of our popular eon* science to insure an aged national existence Is still on trial. Our only way to become ami re main genuine patriots Is to do, according to the very best of our ability, every duty of a good citizen. Treat the nation n« you would the In dividual. Let your opposition to any party be before, and never after, Its elect lon. Fight can didates as much as you please, but never fight an ottlccr. Oppose the advent of wlmt may seem to you mi objectionable administration, hut never seek to unseat it when, in spite of your protest. It has come Into power. Be true In your highest private menus, if you should ever ho so unfortunate as to be beguiled Into public life. An unfaithful olllccr was once an unfaithful citizen. Tin* power to steal fortunes from the Government was gained by the steady discipline of petty plunderings In private busi ness. Men do not get ripe in Immorality in a single season, nor can they correct u maturity of transgression by a few holy resolutions mm hopes. Let us not with the solemn services of this Memorial Day dismiss these patriot saints from our hearts for another long year. Hind) not our pure and loyal citizenship pay dally tribute to’these rare and unselfish memories! Ask our nation’s God to spare us from periodi cal patriotism, ami to give unto us an interest In this great Republic, even when there are no offices to distribute I .May the seed of this martyr blood, so many weary years In Incubat ing, soon mature in joyous harvests. May this ransomed land always have In waiting, but never again need In service, such an armypf Illustrious defenders. And liy and by. when this universal human heart, in whose malignant depths all wars and oppressions have their hlrlh, is hushed Into thy sublime silence of Eternity, in (be morning of tho Resurrection, upon the Flalns of Immortality, mav all our patriot dead answer the Archangel’s ravfl/v, and tail In line to invade, and occupy, and rest for ever iu a better country than they died to run sum. REVOLUTIONARY ROOTS. BBHUON UT TUB BBV. BOBUUT COLLYUK, Tito Rev. Robert Collyer, pastor ol Unlly Churclt, preached yesterday mondng ton largo congregation. His theme was “The Hoots of the Revolution," busing his text on the first verse of the first chapter of John: “lu the be ginning was the word.’* The following is the sermon; There Is a great lesson for this Centennial year when we take the truth set forth in my text In a simple and natural sense, as tho main factor in tho revelation through which wo be came a great free nation. You tracu tho story of what was done by the fathers to find at last that what was said is the spring of their action. That there are words in plenty, then, as there are now foolish and vain and empty, yet within the whole con fusion. a word Is sold hero und there which wins at last us tho kernel wins against the dust and chulf. If you toko the Colonics, one by one, and trace their history from the time when thoy be gan to make a stand against the mother-country, you will find that those did best where such living words os truth, right, and freedom, had gone widest and struck most surely into the common heart. If, again, you take the men in eueh Colony who came to the front to inspire and lead those about them, still It is the same truth; they are the men in that region who are most intensely alive to the great quettion, and out ol that life are sure to say the word which strikes home, that smites like a hammer, and burns like a fire. It may he a •mid word like that Washington bold with stammering lips, or a rushing tide of eloquent* In men like Patrick Henry, or polished nnd mu picul like Hint of JelTcrpim, or liandi nml stern like that of Lilian Allen, but It Is a word that casts cannon nml makes powder, Hint musters men nml Rends them out to die, that leave* homes desolate nml vet Alls them with a pride and joy mi good fortune t imid ever bring. These mutt with a living word spoke. mid It was donu; they commanded, nnd it stood fast. They brought the Unlit nf morning to the mind, Ami xent n mining* throbbing (hrnnuli tho laiul, Which vltwlmd lain enshrouded In (ho soul. There can ho no doubt, again, ns to tho nature of this word which wrought such wonders. It takes many forms nml ls couched In many ac cents, but this Is wlmt you find when you cleave to tho heart of it, that It Is the word of Paul to the ruler: “I was horn free.” Tho Instinct so deep nnd Intimate (hat It seems to ho ns old as tho race from which tho whole man hood springs, that Is of any great use in tills new world, to have something which no man can touch without our free consent, u place of our own nnd n will of our own, the right to say our say without fear or favor, nnd to count for one to the lust man in all matters that touch the common good; to call no man master until we have wettled tho terms and limits of his powers to command us, to pay not one penny of our earnings under tho lash, to count life ns cheap ns dirt when to live is to he bound by bam], or foot, or tongue, nml to toss It away with a grand disregard when, through our death, n greater life imiy come to those we leave behind us. In the earliest records that can be found of our free-thinking nnd free- Rpcnklng race, thero la no word to answer to our term slave, because tho Idea is not native lo our nature, and In the earliest times no such thing was known. When the Unmans would have Invaded (he land held by Hie German hraneliCK of the family, Mnmmscnr says a woman came to the front and shouted turn buck*, and the organized power of Rome never passed beyond thu southern and western skirts of the land; und when kingcraft and priestcraft had netted the whole . Old World over with tyranny, both to the llfo nnd soul, we raised up men to de clare that reason Is tho well-spring of law, that the truth should be maintained by an appeal to reason alone, that if lire U the proper euro for heresy the fagot-burners arc the most learned doctors on the earth; that a Bishop’s ordination Is no more sacred than a town election; that till men are equally priests, and that no man Im personates for another Hie authority of God. So, when we want to know how It was that the fathers could not submit, but must start out for themselves, we have to remember first of all that the fathers bad this Instinct of freedom In them when they came hero. Tho Word was nigh them, cron In their hearts, and It llamod out and burnt up their bondage once forall when It came to be intolerable to bo home. And we cun never road the secret of the Revolu tion wrought through this word truly when wo attend only to the grander mid greater things which have taken a place in our national histo ry. The real revolution begannwaydown among the people. Adams, nnd JelTcreon, nml thefr fellows, were only us the mutch to the waiting fuel; It was a movement of the manhood which began down among common things long before we hear the things which stand for its gospel, nnd we must understand this before we can un derstand the power of Hie living word In that time. Before tho pilgrims had gathered their first harvest, an order In Council was made forbid ding the Colonies to export any product on which had not first been paid 5 per cent duty to England. That was followed In the eourso of lime by nn act of Parliament which dosed the ports to every flag except that of the mother country, and ordered nil grout articles of ex port to the Engllslu markets on pain of forfeit. Then the day came when there were twenty nine of these acts of Parliament, all couched in tho same spirit, and all enforcing the same right to empty the purses of the Colonies Into tho colters on the other side of the water. There was nn arrangement In those days through which the churches In Virginia were maintained by a stipend paid by the Crown,—a very small return of the tribute In the nature of Ihc water you ponrlnto an unwilling pump. It was found tu be too small even for the moderate Ideas of a minister’s salary in that time, and a commissioner was sent to Attorney-General Seymour to plead for u few more dollars a head. Ho made no im pression, and at last cried pitifully: "Sir, will you please remember that the people of Virginia nave souls to save.” “Oh, curse your souls,” was the rough-and-ready answer; “make tobacco.” Down In Maine there were vast for ests of pine standing ready fur the ax. Tho old Nome ballad says: •* God Is the first provider.” tio these men thought who had come down In long lines from their blood, and so they went to won; to fell the pluo and ship It over sea or to use It in tho new home. "You must not do that,” their musters sold. "We have granted such and such sections to this and that Lord; the rest wo reserve for the Crown. If you fell u tree over twenty-four Inches in diameter afoot from the ground, the fine is u hundred pounds; If you disguise yourself so that tho King's men shall not know you, It is tho same line, and twenty lashes on ihc bare back.” That was tho steady drift of things In the old days. The Colonists found they had cumu over to this country to labor for other men on terms more bitter than those they hart lied from. The King mid his Ministers were landlords who Insisted on all the tribute that could bu wrung from the soli, and did nut care at all about loose who sent It, except as they could bu made to scud more. The first question, therefore, on which the Revolution turned was n question of bread and butter, as it had a perfect right to bo, and has been so often among tho men of our birth and breeding. Thu fathers had came here with thu old feeling that they could have something of their own no man could take from them without their free consent,—to make a stand for their right to refuse to pay a penny under the lash, u right they bad been fighting for In the old home for fiOO years. Ami here they weru with thu old trouble ou them, lu un aggravated shape. Here was their loaf wrung from Urn soil with the King claiming the right to cut Into It just ns deep us ever, without saying by your leave, or talcing tho crumb, if hu was so minded, and leaving them tho crust. The Colonics were to be (lowers of wood and drawers of water for the old bind to which they weru still looking back with such a tender pride, uml they must hew and draw to order or take the consequences to twenty lushes on thu bare back. They could not do It. It thev had done It tho result would not have been con fined to America; it would have been a curse and shame tu the whole world of meu who ean say these awful words, “truth, and right, and freedom,” and moan what they say. Ami so these words were said by thousands of men we never hear of. We only hear what was sold In thu State Capitols, the public India, the Con gresses and Assemblies, and tbe living church es. It Is a brave word, then, and true and eloquent, so that men wept sometimes to hoar it, and shouted for joy. But there (s a living word within and under this,—thu word of the people, rough, uml ready, and not out of tho heart, and theru was thu sting and smart of a eursu to It now and then, I have nodoubt. All the same, It was a word out uf ilcavuu. it went Hying among the lumbermen; *thu fanners caught It, and did not stop to nick their terms, except, perhaps, when tbu minuter was round; thu skinner caught it and tbe men before the most; thu merchant and the man who had yoked his small industry to the stream; and wherever It went It wo a thu Word that was In the begin ning. The people were saying if wc must hear the King he must hear us. Wc owe him no honor except as hu maintains honor; If he wants our earnings let him come and toko them, and wo will ace which is the stouter manhood. That Is tho first chan ter In the old strife; It was a question of the right of a man to tho trait of his labor, and to his say (n tho disposition of It fur the common good. Men like Franklin molded tho rude Idea Into axioms: others mudu it toko tbe shape of u polished philosophy of human rights; here It was musical with eloquence, and theru steeped in sagacity. It took large meaning la the course of.time, ami brought thu best men in the world to stand and to plead forU; but In tho begin ning it was simple and homely, and right down on UiO ground. “Aml to be free to earn my bread and cat it, to possess my land In my own right, and to bo so far at least a maul” But beginning here, iho living word could nut stop here. When thu fathers struck fur free dom In this most simple sense, lu a sense as simple struck fur truth. It has been said by a very bright ami true thinker that the result of thu course England took with thu Colonics was to raise up a generation uf mer chants, who went steadily to meeting and did tho creator part of tlictr misfnes* in a way that would have sent thom’lojuih of lawyers, who dressed their wives and daughters Install thu law would have confiscated; of farmers, who dally put on their tables what they could not have put there H they had to get It fn the lawful wav: and of ministers who tried to quiet their consciences with subtle distinctions between di rect uml Indirect participation. It was time something wu dune, therefore, for truth as well os freedom. Tho Revolution must come soon or late. It could not come too soon, when they threatened to make the men of this Now World uut only bondsmen, but liars ami hypocrites In these simple things that touch thu home and the common life. There must bo some lust fasluuis lu which we can take refuge and bold our own. Time has shown H is nut In the churches, or thu courts of law. or thu gn at marts uf business, but in the heart of utir common manhood mid at the fireside. When our children know we are u living He, eveu fur such a reason as that the fathers can give, or as we can give, when we go to Europe or to Canada, and break the law fur the sake of wlmt we enn sum agio through tho Cuslora- House, they arc likely to learn n Ichroji wo would rnther die after nil than teach litem 5 nnd till* was the lesson they were learning In those days, that a He, for the sake of peace nnd profit, is‘to he preferred to truth nml the last dollar slaked on n light, and life itself If so It pleases God. Ami so, as Lord Bacon has sold, that a great question will not full of being agitated some time or other, here was ample ground JTor agitation. It was not only freedom or bondage, but Hie truth or a He, nml not, In some fashion, high ns the Heavens to the common thought, but In this simple! fashion that came homo to every man of good ' common sense. Wherever them was a spark of real manhood tn tho Thirteen Colonics, thorewas a man to watch how this end was working In his own llfo or among his neighbors. It was right not to pay thu Impost ; it was quite an other thing to liu about It, because he was afraid to he n village Hampden, to seek others of his make, ami then sec wlmt could bo done to make the odds even. And this Is hut one Instance of t]#j way thu tide was running. We have lived wmmgn n Unto In which those were counted most loyal nml held in the most esteem who could sny that wrong was right nml the truth not quite so truo ns tho Ho. And that was tho trroublc then. “Let tho matter alone,” men wero saying; “wlmt good Is there in this end less agitation I tho whole thing Is hand and glove with Infidelity; fear God und honor tho Ring; speak not evil of dignities, the powers that are ordained of God; render unto Cicsar tho things that nro Cnwiir’s,” nnd so on to tho end of thu dreary old chapter. I bcllovo that there are thoso who tldnk to-day there was not much to tight about beyond a certain hankering after independence, which had got Into the nones of the Boston Radicals. There was the most serious thing tn fight about the men nf our breed enn over encounter. Will you be a free truth-telling man or n serf and a liarl It was no new quarrel; tho alarm had crossed thu Atlantic from Mansion Moor, and was beat ing on thu Colonies to the same end that it had beat on the Kingdom. It was the fulfilling of tho vision John saw on Patmus, “There wait war In Heaven; and behold, a white horse, nnd lie that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, nml In righteousness he doth Judge nnd mako war. And he was clothed In a vesture dipped In blood, and his name Is called Uic Worn of God.” 80, to get at the secret of the Revolution, I say ngaln, we arc to lay our ear close to the time mid hvnr the fathers talking to themselves, and among themselves, about this wide mid fatal demoralization of the honest Saxon heart to which in all ages a lie Is not a way wo have of saying "a tiling, hut Just n He. They hud come to take refuge hi falsehood for four worse might happen, mid then they found that the worst had happened already. They were walking in vain shadows, looking at each other out of the comer u( the eye, false to themselves. No mutter about the Kin p. tho farmer thought of it ns ho was plowing; the minister us he was writing his sermon; tho merchant as he went to Ms store; tho statesman as he set Ids periods, and then there was a word that struck home like a bolt, "death rather than tills double dishonor,” ami the word was made flesh ami dwelt among the fathers and they beheld his glory. One little town of n few score men,before a blow had been struck, except those that were struck among the wilds of Maine In return for the twenty lushes on the bare buck,—one little town, I sav, declared war against Great Urlbiin nil to Itself, and voted supplies. The old strong blood was up; “here's the loaf, come and cut it, If you dnrot no more lies; no, not If the whole world Is on tho other side. Wo came here to make the best of ft. We mean to have wlmt we eamc for.” That was 110 word men like Ethan Allen caught It. Tlcunderoga cost England ninny campaigns, a grefct many lives, and 18,000, IKK). .lohtt Adams says: "Allen stormed It in ten minutes with forty men, with* out tho loss of u life or u limb.” It was by tho living word I think he did It; Unit had wrought him to a white lire. Thu muse of history makes him say, "Come out, sir, and surrender, or I will sacrifice the whole garrison.” The muse of history would never have taken that fastness with forty men. What he did sav was: "Como out, you white-livered wretch, and surrender.” He was a good Unitarian, us I have heard—one of the few ; ever bred lu Connecticut, and hud to run fur It lung before this tight. 1 like him no worse, eit her fur Ida faith or his rough, hot speech. I think that was a bombshell, where a nicely-ordered address would have been a Homan candle. 1 have a dear friend, again, whose mother was then a little Quaker maid on Long Island,—llm one lone soul In the mill, which was also the home. When tho ri d coats camcandihclrCaptaln said, “ Wherelstliut silver}” "I know where It is,” the wee one sold, with white lips, " but I will not. toll thee; wc are‘friends, 1 but we do not bclongto thy side.” “Then I will hang you to that beam,*’ the trooper answered, uml hud the cord about the little trembling, pulsing neck. "Thee can hang me, hut I will not tell thee,” was the quiet answer, and thou, for tho sake of this human nature which has so much to answer for, it is pleasant and good to say Unit he took the cord oif gently, cursed his hud luck, uml said. ‘•Come, men, wc had better go.” The maid lived to bo 1)0, and If you will go with mo to our next Western Conference I will show you her picture and the old mill. That was tho living word, too, ami Washington’s curses us hu filing down his Imt, and a vast army of words wc. only hear In a whisper or not nt nil. It is the Incar nation of a manhood all on fire lu the common nun, the cultured man, tho rough rfoldier. who has a fortress to storm and the little maid who Is left to guard tho mill; the man who Is horn tho listening Senates to command mid road his history lu a nation’s eyes, mid the man who cun just blunder through tVliat he has to say at a town meeting, It Is always tho living word which Is in the beginning, the grand central secret of such a battle as the fathers had to light a hundrcd'ynnrs ago. And what has been In one last word will'bo. Uis no matter what tho new tight may he about, it will be determined in tin-old way. Wc may be troubled about tho drift of things In politics, In morals, In religion, and wonder what will be the end. Wo can moke up our minds, ouco for all, not only Irani the Icnson wc have touched this morning, but from all tho lessons which us from our stout and sturdy race, that when once tho people fairly take these two words Into their hearts,— truth and freedom,—and weigh them against any question which can cotnu up which touches each man and tho whale manhood, then they will give a verdict on tho right side soon or luto, mid stand by It while there Is a man left. It may draw hard on the children, as It did on tho fathers uml has on you, but they will endure imrdness us tbe old sort did, mid os wc liavo done. Tbe process may be slow, but It will bo sure. This word, widen Is said In human hearts and at firesldes,in town-meetings and tu church* es, even nt last, about right and wrong, Is not some hop-haxard emotion. It Is the wonl of tho living God, the fluent liiblo fresh from the depths of Inspiration in the human heart; and, lust as surely ns wo hftvo words from the old Hebrew heart that can never die, born of this concern for whatever things uru true, we shall have undying words out uf the American heart, a Bible bum of our own life, to go forth mid hu thu Dunk of Life tu races yet unborn. The wonl Is still lu tho be* ginning, fresh and full as when tho morning stars sang together, and all tho sona of God shou(vd for joy. A Oacst at a Hotel Wants to nave an Cm tiers landing. Detroit Free Freer. A night or two since u chap about a? yean old, looking us if ho had crawled out of a cuvi to commune* llfo uiiuw, entered one of tin hotels, and, waiting at the counter until tho clerk was ut liberty, bo asked: “Is this alio* tell” “Yes, sir,” was the reply. “ Good living, good beds, and too most courto* oufl attention/" “Yes, sir.” “Well,” sold iho stranger, after a longlool at a railroad time-table* “1 suppose you don’t trust!” “No, sir.” “ Wouldn’t let a man slay hero four or flva days until somothlng turned up I” “ No, sir.” “That’s whst I wanted to know. I always like tolmvo on understanding about sucli tilings, for If anything makes me mad it is to hero a great big hotel clerk Jump In on me and kick mo down stains on account of my straitened tlnaooos." “You’d hotter find some other place," sug« gestod tho clerk. “Oh! 2shall," replied the stranger. "The outside of this hotel seemed to emtio a welcome at mu; but, as I sold before, my present policy lit to get along without bolug kicked. I’vo got mental feelings as well as anybody else, and Ptu getting so worn in flesh that a mere common grand Iwuncu from u heavy hotel clerk upset* luea whole day. Farewell, young man; don't bile any extra Caters for tne. ,r Marksmanship. Not at Orendmoor. MxiA'iSHnJitif H'ruu (.Y«tr Ybr*). A novel wager has been entered Into by Col. Fleming and Muj. Holland, of the Third brigade Staff. A target tl feet by 4, with a hull’fr* eye 8 inches in circumference, w to bo placed at the easterly extremity of tho largo drill room of the Eighth Infantry. The Colonel and Major nru to bo blindfolded and placed At the extreme westerly end of the room, each with an auger having a bore of 4 incites. They are then (o march ut quick time toward tho target, and tho one uomlug nearest to boring the bulrsuyu Is to be declared the winner of » calulaturo uroco and bit madu of gold

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