Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 29, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 29, 1876 Page 4
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4 terms of subscription, pataulb m advance— portaob prepaid at ■tins OPPICB. DalJyEdttloo, postpaid. I year Parti of year at ume rate. Mailed to my address four weejea f0r.....■..••••■ eunOiy Edition: Literary and Hcllrloui Double Sheet v”. IS Trt-Weckly, poatpaid. 1 yew. I*nrta of year at tame rate. WBBKLT EDITION, POSTPAID. Oneeopy. per year •}‘5S Cluhof five, percopy CTobof twenty, porcopy The postage !• la cent* a year, which wc will prepay. Specimen coplea aeot free. To prevent delay and mistake*, he *ure and Rive Post* Office addrcaa In full, Including Slate and County. Remlltancea may be made either by draft, express. Foal-01IQco order, or In reglitered letters, al our rlak. TERMS TO CITT BUBSCRIBBRB. Dally, delivered. Sunday excepted. as cenu per week. Ualljt. delivered. Sunday Included, 90 cenu per week AdrlrCM THE TIIIDDNE COMPANY, Corner Midlion end Dcarbonwtt.. Chicago, 01. AMUSEMENTS. Heeler’* Theatre. Randolph itreet, between Clark and LaSalle. *• Rose Michel.- New Chiracs Theatre. Clark street, between Randolph and Lake, Hooley** Minitrela. MONDAY, MAY 29, 1876. Greenbacks declined at the Now York Ex change on Saturday, ruling at 88|@88J. The Turkish Government is moving vigor ously in its dealings with tho Salonica rioters, of whom nineteen were sentenced on Friday and Saturday lost—four to capital punishment, and the others to forced labor for life, and to various terms of imprison ment. Tho results of tho trials at Salonica are telegraphed to the Turkish Ministers at the loading Capitals as on assurance of tho intention of the Forte to amply punish the recent terrible massacre. Tho order adopted by tho Senate on Satur day, that tho question of jurisdiction in tho Bellknap case shall bo finally voted upon Monday, does not necessarily imply that tho matter will bo settled to-day. Tho debate may, and probably will, bo prolonged for into tho night, and possibly ap to Tuesday noon. If the Senate should assume jurisdiction, tho impeachment trial will give place to general business for a time, to bo taken up, it is thought, when tho Cofiloronco Committees of tho two Houses shall have begun their labors on tho various Appropriation bills, concern ing which tho Senate and House are now widely at variance. It would nob bo surpris ing If tho impeachment trial were finished before tho Conference Committees succeed in adjusting their differences. It is stated that tho mysterious secret so ciety conceived for tho purpose of thwarting tho aggression of Popery has organized on a national basis, twenty-one State bodies par ticipating in the movement, and that it will drop into politics this year for the purposes of expurgating Homan Catholic devotees from nil places of civil trust, and the per petual retention of the Protestant Bible in all common schools, without compromise. Headquarters have boon established in Phila delphia, and representatives of the Order will go to tho Cincinnati and St. Louis Con ventions. Tho scheme is hampered with sec tarianism, blotted with the stigma and injus tice of Know-Kothlugism, and otherwise re-* stricted to such a degree as to utterly destroy its chances for future weight in general politics. Admiral GoLnaooaouan has been quoted as testifying to unlawful expenditures in excess of appropriations in the Navy De partment in tho repair and rebuilding of ships. It now appears that ho testified to nothing of the sort, and that Secretary Rodeson has kept within the letter of the law in this regard. He bos, however, commenced elaborate repairs and alter ations, taking possibly a plank or two of an old hulk and adding enough to make np a now vessel—undertakings, the completion of which would largely exceed tho appropri ation—but has done tho work piecemeal, awarding no contracts beyond the lawful limit, and trusting to future appropriations to finish the jobs. In this manner Mr. Kodeson has spent a vast amount of money, and has laid the foundation for spending a vast amount hereafter, but, while severely bending the law to suit hio purposes, it appears ho has not yet broken it outright. The sudden death is announced of Will iam D. Blobs, one of the editors of the Cin cinnati Enquirer , who was run over by the cars and instantly killed last evening while walking along tho track of the Little Miami Railroad, near Branch Hill Station, whore be resided. Sir. Bloss hud been connected with tbo Enquirer for twenty-two years, and was widely known as an able political writer and statistician. Though a life-long and prominent Democrat, he hod never bold office. He was nominated for Congress two years ago, bat was unsuccessful by reason of the lukewarm support rendered by bis party. Mr. Bloss, oven more than HobaoeObeeley, was famous in the newspaper world for tbs remarkable eccentricity of his handwriting, which to annnpracticedreaderwasabsolutely illegible and unintelligible, and could only be deciphered by certain special compositors in the Enquirer office. He was in his fiftieth year, and leaves a wife and four children to mourn his sad and untimely death. A heavy reduction in passenger rates is announced by tho New York Central man agement, owing, it is said, to cutting under by rival lines leading west from Boston. The new tariff to go into effect to-day on tho Now York Central places tho fare be tween Chicago and Now York at sl7, instead of $25, os before ; Cincinnati, sls; Indian apolis, $10; SU Louis, $22; Louisville, $lO ; Detroit, sl3. This will compel a cor responding reduction upon the com peting linos from Chicago to the uea board, and, the war once begun In earnest, there is no telling where rates may go to. It is not unlikely, after all, that people can make tbo Centennial trip for a reasonable amount of money before the summer is over. The Erie Rood has already promptly token the field against Us powerful adversary, and has announced a schedule of rates one dollar lower in every instance than the Centred figures given above. The Pennsylvania and Baltimore Ic Ohio Roads maybe expected to, follow suit forthwith, and a general railroad war is one of the near probabilities. The Chicago produce markets were irreg* ulor on Saturday. Wheat was steadier, un der a good demand for shipment, and rye firm. Other groin and provisions were weak. Mess pork declined 45c per brl, closing at for Juno and sl9.S32](gt 19,85 for July. Lard was 25®U50 per 100 lbs lover, closing at $11.20 cash and $11.40 seller July. Meats were active and lower, at do fur boxed shoulders, 9jo for do short ribs, and 9Jo for do abort clears. Labe freights wore more active, nt 2jc for wheat to Buffalo. Kail freights wore dull and nn changed. IHghwines wero firm, at $1.09 per gallon. Flour was In light demand and steady. Wheat was active and closed .1c higher, at sl.oß} cash and sl.oß| for Juno. Corn declined so, closing at 4"» Jo for May and 41 o for Jane. Oats declined Je, closing at 28j[o for May and 28je for Juno. Bye was firmer, at 70@70jc. Barley declined 2@ 80, closing atGCe for May and BBjo for June. Hogs wore active and advanced 10c, closing firm at $0.30@0.60 for common to choice. Cattle wore quiet and steady, at s2.r»o@/».00 for inferior to choice. Sheep wore scarce and nominally firm at Friday’s quotations. One hnndrcd dollars in gold would buy $113.00 in greenbacks at the close. .SIS. 00 The charges against Speaker Kerr—that ho received money In 18(10 tardus inflaenco iu securing the appointment of a First Lien* tenant in tho regular army—are attracting considerable attention in'Washington. Green, tho appointee, has testified that ho paid SOOO to one Harney, Assistant-Doorkeeper of tho House, tho latter assuring him that he know a Congressman who conld “fix matters.” He was by Harney introduced to Mr. Kerr, through whoso exertions he was appointed and obtained his commis sion, but with whom there was no allusion whatever to any money con sideration. Green also testified that per sons acting iu behalf of Mr. Kerb ap proached him iu Now York recently, and endeavored to obtain from him a denial under oath of tho whole story, but he re fused. Harney is expected to bo on hand to-day to testify, and the Committee ore in formed that he will swear positively that ho paid tho money to Mr. Kerr. The latter claims that ho will bo able to show tho utter falsity of these charges, and bis friends are confident that he will do so. THE CITY CERTIFICATES. There aro just two problems which will confront the Council Committee and the Committee of Citizens who hold a confer ence this morning on tho municipal finances. One is tho best disposition to make of the claims which aro in the shape of city certifi cates maturing from month to month ; there aro a little over $3,000,000 of these outstand ing. Tho second is the necessity for providing for tho current expenditures since April 1 and from now on. In the effort at solving both problems these gentlemen will bo mot by the stubborn foot that tho 0 ity Treasury is out of funds, and that its assets in the shape of taxes cannot bo immediately collected by compulsion. AH that is left to do, then, Is to seek some fair and practicable means of converting these assets. There are two ways, and they may bo worked out together. One is offset, whereby tho city shall offer to deliver over its claim for taxes in exchange for certificates of indebtedness held against it. The other is to offer in da cements for tho payment of taxes, or the exchange of certifi cates for taxes due, by a reasonable discount for speedy realization on the various tax claims. This general principle may bo ap plied both to tho past claims and future claims. 1. At to Vie past. —There is a growing in disposition on tho part of tho present City Government to issue new certificates in ex change for those now outstanding, because the decision of tho Court docs not seem to warrant any such exchange. There is also an indisposition on the part of bonkers and other persons who hold these old certificates to give them up in exchange for now ones, because the old ones were issued to innocent purchasers before tho recent judicial con struction of the law, and aro more apt to be lawful and collectable than a new issue in exchange for them at the present time. It is bettor for both parties, therefore, that tho old certificates should bo hold until they can be paid or oxcfaonged for toxos, and they may bo given a now value by resolution of tho Council that thoy shall bo paid on or be fore a fixed date and draw 7 per cent interest until redeemed. This resolution shall also sot forth that these old certificates will bo re ceived by tho Comptroller at any time for tho payment of taxes for tho year 187.1 and previous years, allowing interest on them up to the timo of their receipt for taxes. These conditions having been indorsed on the outstanding certificates, they will havo a steadier value than new certifi cates issued in exchange. They will bo legal tender for taxes post-duo and unpaid, and, when received for these unpaid taxes, it will simply be a fair exchange of mutual obliga tions, whereby both tho city and the tax payer discharge some old debts. Thcro could bo no simpler nor foiror way of re deeming the old certificates, and undoubtedly a largo part of the bock taxes will bo paid in this way that would otherwise be allowed to rim. There might and should bo still further efforts to reduce the amount of tho outstand ing certificates. The money now collected for taxes Is on the tax-levy of 187.", and it is proper that, after paying np the policemen, firemen, school-teachers, clerks, etc., of tho city to April 1, 1870, tho residue of tho money should be, as far as possible, used for the redemption of the certificates of 1875. Money can bo secured also by offering a rebate on tho premiums due upon the tax-certificates which have been bought in by tho city at lax-sales, and which amonnt to about $l,ooO,(MK); and tho money received on those should likewise bo employed in tho liquidation of tho outstand ing certificates. With these three resources, viz.: tbo acceptance of old certificates in payment of old debts, tho money coming in from the taxes of 1875, and the money that may bo obtained by the surrender of tax certificates at a discount on tho large pre mium or interest they bear, —wo believe that the old certificates may be wiped out within a year’s time. 2. At to the future.— There is no question about the authority of tho city to issue now certificates drawn against tho tax-levy of tho present year, which amounts to about $4,000,000, and to be used in tho discharge of tho current expenditures of the year. But tho question has been asked: Who will buy these now certificates in the face of the protest of tho old paper ? Tho answer is that the protest referred to amounts to little ; that shortly provision will be made for the old certificates which wilt bo satisfactory to the holders; and that after tho taxes of this sum mer are paid they will be able to redeem them in cash or receive them, as suggested, in liqui dation of back taxe#.'. But tIA» sale of these new certificates may be mode certain by in serting in every one that it will be received in payment for taxes of 1870 at its fact value and t/ie interett at maturity added. This con dition will Insure a local demand for tho now certificates, for tho parties purchasing them with a view to paying taxes therewith will enjoy virtually a discount ut the rate of 7 per cent per annum. Thus one million of cer tificates may safely be issued against the per scrnal tuxes which will full duo and jnust be paid before April 1, 1611, Make them ro THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: MONDAY. MAY 29, 1870. ceivnble at any time for the personal taxes of 1670, along with the full amount of interest they will draw nt maturity. Then $3,000,000 of certificates may bo issued falling duo Aug. 1, 1877, and receivable with the full amount of interest at any lime in payment of the renbestate taxes of 1870. There will bo no hesitation on the part of capitalists to invest in this kind of security. It will have tho character of cash collateral, and can bo used ns each at any bank in largo or small amounts. Every tax payer can got the equivalent of cash, along with the full amount of interest long before it is due, by paying bis taxes in certificates. The city loses nothing, as it would have to pay the interest in any event, and as it has no other lawful use for the tax-collections than the payment of tho certificates; but it would gain in the prompt collection of these taxes in this manner and the rapid extin guishment before maturity of its outstand ing obligations. Wo hazard tho opinion that, if the now certificates bo issued under this condition, tho demand for thorn will be greater than tho necessity for their issno, since they need only bo put out as money is needed from month to month after (he pres ent arrearage to employes shall have been discharged. The system of liquidation which is bore suggested is simply that of passing ont a good asset for tho discharge of an equivalent obligation. It may bo applied both to the old, outstanding certificates and to all cer tificates issued in tho future. It is only necessary to keep in mind tho distinction be tween the old debt to be paid ont of tho old taxes and the now debt to bo paid ont of tho now taxes. Tho old certificates should bo received with the accrued interest nt tho time of tendering them in payment of taxes of 187/5 and previous years. The now cer tificates should bo issued, say, $1,000,000 ns against tho personal tax, and duo on or before April 1, 1877, and $3,000,000 as against tho real tax, which must bo paid by Aug. 1, 1877, —under tho condition that they will be received, and the full amonnt of interest they draw at maturity allowed on them, at any time they may be tendered in payment of the taxes of 1876. WHO IS THE DAEK HOUSE 1 In tho Illinois Convention, by a union of those who were for Blaine as a first choice with those who wore for “ anybody to boat Bristow," the delegation, though wholly nninslruclcd, are ostensibly nearly all for Blaine. But there is a significant lack of assurance that tho entire delegation will re main steadfast to tho implied condition under which they were selected, and tho platform boars so many evidences of an opposition to the well-known and declared sentiments of Mr. Blaine, that there is a natural curiosity to know who is thought of as complying with tho political preferences therein sot forth by the Whisky-Itingstore and Congres sional and ex-CongressiOnal managers of tho Springfield Convention. The people cer tainly have a right to information on this point, since the managers mode np a platform to suit themselves, and one noto riously opposed to Mr. Blaine's sentiments and record. Now, who is tho man ? Wo havo already pointed eat in what man ner Mr. Blaine is inhibited from standing on such a platform as the Illinois Convention managers so impertinently dictated to the National Republican Convention. Ho has not a single idea in common with the dev oteolsm to the H Rag-Baby,” and ho mode a powerful speech in Congress to define his adherence to specie resumption and hard money as an honest basis for bis candidature for the Presidency. lie has never boon en gaged in tho “ bloody-shirt ’’ business, and in bis speech on Andersonvills (which did so much to give him prominence as a candidate) ho declared himself In favor of universal amnesty, with tho single exception of J zrr Davis, and in bis case opposed amnesty only on the brood ground of humanity, and an a fitting punishment for J Err Davis’ approval of tho Andersonville horrors. He is like wise opposed to the salary-grabs, to tho cor ruption that has crept into the public ser vice, and to the thievish carpet-bag iniqui ties, and he appointed the very Committees who have done most to expose and bring into condemnation tho abuses which tho Illi nois platform inforontially indorses. So it isn’t Blaine tho managers had in their mind’s eye. Is it Cokklinq ? He fills the bloody-shirt pari of the bill excellently well. While ho docs not often talk, his voice is still for war, and a carpet-bag thief always finds in him a supporter uud defender. He was strong for the Force bill, which was happily defeated through Blaine’s influence. But, on tho other band, Conklino is a pronounced ad vocate of a speedy return to specie-pay ments, and follows the New York and Now England sentiment in this direction. Gan H bo Morton, who has a patent on the “bloody shirt ” which was slightly infringed by Oglesby when tho latter apostrophized the hlood-stolnod greenbacks? Yet Morton’s later position oa tho money question does not go tbo full length of declaring the green backs in their present irredeemable shape as “tho best system of paper currency ever de vised,” and “deprecating any legislation that might by any possibility cause a return to the system of (tpecie-redeomod) paper currency in existence before the War.” Not withstanding Mr. Morton’s elastic adapt ability on Uits question, ho would hardly bo wilting to commit himself to so broad a statement as this. Tho most that Mr. Mor ton wants at present, if the Indiana platform may be accepted as an expression of his views, is to stand still and do nothing with tho currency. So this mysterious Illinois plat form may not mean Morton. Certainly it doesn’t point to Wuxelkb, of New York, nor Hayes nor Taut, of Ohio, nor Wasurubne, of Illinois, all of whom aro opposed to the sentiments therein expressed. In some re spects it seems to fit Mr. Pig-Iron Kelley, of Pennsylvania, though bo has no particu lar sympathy with bayonet-rule at the South; besides, if Kelley hod been intended, tho 3.05 irredeemable-bond hobby would have boon introduced. Who in it, then ? There is only one man we con think of who answers the demands of the platform in every particular, and who would certainly hove dictated just such an expression of sentiment if ho had been colled upon. Wo are forced to the conviction, therefore, that the Whisky.Ulngsters and the Congressional and ex-Congrossional man* agers of the Illinois Convention hod their line of vision fixed upon Mr. Benjsuin r. Butler, of Massachusetts. The platform is eii expression of “Butlerlsm," and all that that term implies. It embodies the truo-inwardnoss of that illustrious bummer. Butler thinks it was the lenient policy to wards the tiouth and not the scandalous corruptions which ho helped to introduce and e ncouraged that cast the party into a minority, and imporiloddts very life. But ler is in favor of all manner of grabs and M fat takes.* Btrn.m hi the original odro cate of an eternally irredeemable paper cur rency, and docs not bomtnto to Rubacribo to the doctrine that mich n currency is “ the best that has over been devised.” Butler delights in maintaining the color-lino at tho Smith, and in compelling the Southern States at the point of tho bayonet to elect none but carpet-baggers to office. Butler indorses tho old spoils system of politics, and uses every exertion to suppress expos ure* inside the, party. Butler is tho very embodiment of tho sentiments sot forth in tho Blinois platform, ond we conclude, therefore, that bo is tho “Great Unknown ” whom the platform-makers thought of while deluding tho people with a supposed Blainx delegation. We may be in error in supposing the an thers of the platform had Butler in their minds, but it is very certain that Blacks is not the man they want nominated, as ho is neither rag-baby nor bloody-shirt. P. 8. —On farther reflection, we aro of opinion there is one other candidate who would fit tho platform as well as Butler, and ho docs not livo moro than a thousand miles from niinoDi, either. THE WAR ON TILDEN. Tho Democracy aro just now having their 1 own domestic troubles. It is known that, unless tl*e Republican party make such a nomination as to virtually abandon the con test, tho Democrats cannot elect n candidate without the vole of the State of Now York. Mr. Tilden has won national fame ns a re former, first by his voluntary and vigorous investigation and formal prosecution of tho Tweed Ring, ending in the conviction of tho majority of that gang, and the recovery of civil judgments for tho amounts stolen; and, second, by bis equally vigorous disruption of tho great Canal Ring, and the prosecution of tho guilty members of that party. This fact has commended him ns a reformer to tho American people, and has made him an eligible candidate for tho votes of tho wholo Independent party, who may not find a more acceptable man in tho field as a candidate. 80 irresistible was tho logic of facts that Tilden’b nomination as the Democratic candi date a few weeks ago was considered a fore gone conclusion. Bnt official corruption and dishonesty, however baffied, con hate. It is vindictive, it is revengeful. Consequently, Tweed’s Tammany and the Canal Ring thieves have vowed tho defeat of Tilden. Within a month tho men upon whom Til den hod placed the brand of infamy, and whom bo had made disgorge tho public plunder, and whose profitable business of robbery be had destroyed, put up thoir throe hundred thousand dollars and purchased the New York BrpreiA, and made it an anti- Tilden organ. They then moved further ; they purchased tho Now York World and converted that paper into an anii-TiLDEN organ. Both organs are now engaged in proving that Tilden is tho weakest of all candidates; that ho cannot cany New York; and that defeat is certain if ho bo the candi date. This is a warning to all honest men. If you boo a man picking a pocket, robbing a house, or sotting tire to a store, the sofcHt policy is to torn aside and lot the wickedness go on, lost, next day, yon bo denounced in the organs for having injured the party by insisting on honesty and integrity. Tilden, who alone of the Democratic candidates might have a large support outeido of his party, is to be slaughtered in his own party because he prosecuted Tweed and his asso ciates, and broke up the Now Tork Canal Bing, which hod been robbing tho State for thirty-five years. The convicted thieves in tho Democratic party have their wrongs to rodroaa and revenges to gratify; to them the term Reformer is a personal grievance, and, lot the Republicans do what they may, those scaly convicts havo determined thoro shall bo no Tildsm. THE GREAT LAND SALE. "Wo have several times called attention to the demands of tho several PacLllo Bailway Companies, which demands ore growing in insolence and in magnitude. It will bo re membered that Congress made a donation to these roads of many millions of acres of public lands. Tho Government also donated to tho Central and Union Pacific Bailway Companies United States bonds bearing G per cent interest, and running thirty years, to thd amount of $04,000,000. Tho Companies have foiled to pay tho interest on the bonds, which has all boon paid by the United States, except a small amount paid in the way of charges for transportation. Tho re sult is that the amount of principal aud in terest duo on these bonds now, in May, 1870, roaches $87,077,353. The bonds havo an average of twenty years more to run, and at tho end of tho term the United States will have a claim for principal and interest amounting to $135,000,000 scoured by a second mortgage I These Boilwoy Companies have selected all the lands they need for all purposes of tho rood; tho officers havo taken all tho eligible town sites, all the water stations have been appropriated, and all tho ogriculturol lands have boon disposed of, and the Companies find themselves with some fifteen or twenty millions of acres of land which are compara tively valueless, not being worth, on an aver age, 10 cents an acre. Therefore, they now moke a now demand on Congress, and a committee of tho Senate have reported in favor of granting it. • The grant of laud to the Union and Cen tral Pacific Roads was at tho rate of 12,800 : acres per mile. This Committee now propose that the United States shall purchase tho refuse land at $2.50 per acre, or at tho rate of $32,000 per mile of the road ; that the United States shall allow tho Companies interest on that sum at the rate of 0 per coat, com pounded, and that tho Companies shall, in small annual payments, make up the defi ciency, and thus be discharged of all liability for principal aud interest to the Government on account of the bonds. But this scheme does not rest here. Congress also granted the Northern Pacific Railroad land in the proportion of 25,C00 acres to the mile of tho roadway. It also granted to Tom Scott's Texas & Southern Pacific Railway land at the same rate. All this laud, west of tho 100th degree of longi tude, is barren, not capable of supporting life. All this land is offered for sale to tho Government at $2.50 per acre, for which tho Companies are willing to accept Govern ment bonds. Now let us look ot the amount of real-estate which the Government, having onto given away, is now asked to buy back at tho rate of $2.50 per acre. »> Acret of lanil. Prict. r«loo Pacific 7,000,000 |17,ww,000 Control Pacific 7, 000, 000 J 7, ROO, O<>o N. Pacific (main road).. 4*.*, *00,000 ]|U.‘”‘>o,ooo North Pacific ibruuch). 26,000,000 U2.h00.000 Southern P. It bond*. 50,000,000 126,000,000 Totals $131,600,000 |33»,760,000 Thin is the whole Job. For the present (he bill making the grunt of bonds to Tom Hcott’s roads, in exchange for the lands, is postponed until after the Presidential elec* tion; neither party having tho courage to put itself on record against the kill and thereby risk tho vote of Pennsylvania, which Mr. Scott is supposed to control. But tho Senate Committee have reported a bill, recommending its passage, to carry out tho job so far as the Union Pacific and Cen tral Pacific Bailroad Companies and tbuir attachments aro concerned. This will do for a beginning, and every man knows that before tho two Houses of Congress shall be come corrupted to the extent of voting away tho ihlrty'flve or forty millions of dollars to these two Companies there wilt not bo hon est men enough loft in cither House to make tho least possible resistance to tho whoto scheme of three hundred and fifty millions of dollars, Wo Invito the attention of the people to tho boldness which this Pacific Bailroad swin dle has assumed. Tho Bonnie Committee on Bnilronds, which has retried these bills, is composed of tho following Senators: West, of Louisiana; Hitcticoch, of Nebraska; Craoik, of New Hampshire; Howe, of Wis consin ; Hamilton, of Texas; Mitchell, of Oregon; Dawes, of Massachusetts; Ran som, of North Carolina; Kelly, of Oregon; Oapertok, of West Virginia; and Eaton, of Connecticut. Tho four last named aro Dem ocrats and the other seven ore Republicans. It is to bo hoped that there wore some dis senting members of tho Committee, and that the country was not loft without nt least one man to oppose'the monstrous Job in its in ception. It should bo slated, ns a mat ter of justice, that tho House Com mittee on tho Judiciary refused to enter tain a similar proposition referred to them. This enormity having taken this tangible shape, it will be the duty of the Republican party at the Cincinnati Convention to re pudiate all responsibility for it, and to de clare that tho party shall, both throngh tho Legislative and through the Executive branches, oppose tho enactment of any such law, or tho subsidizing of any railroad or other corporation with either national bonds or Government credit, or by the pur chase of any public lands. Tho people at tho polls will not hesitate to place their veto upon any men or party that shall give coun tenance or support to such a measure. Tho political arithmeticians of tho New York press aro just uow busy with slate and pencil figuring away upon tho results of the opening ballot at the Cincinnati Convention. They aro all working industriously and cov ering tbeir slates with columns of figures, and how many of them will got their sums right remains to be soon. The New York Tribune'» and Tims’ figures come pretty close to each other in some of their totals. Tho Bew York Tribune reaches this result: Blaine 2f12 Bristow Morton. Conkllnc. Hartmmt Hayes. Jewell, Wasbburne. Unknown Tho whole veto of tho Convention in 756; nec essary for n choice, IJ7O. Tbo I'iinta figures m follows, basing itafiguros on tho returns from States in which Conventions have boon held: Blaine 257 UriKtnw 101) Conklins . 77 r.s Hortmnfl Hnycn Jcw011.... Morton... Unknown Tho Time*' estimate excludes forty-nix del egates yofc to bo chosen, from lowa, Louisiana, and Florida. It wiil bo observed that there is a wide discrepancy between tho Tribnne and Time* as to tho number of votes that the Great Unknown will receive. Perhaps if tho respective fignrors had used algebra in stead of arithmetic in doing thoir sums, they mighthavohlt nearer tho result, os then they could have used a representative of tho Un known quantity. It is some time yet, how ever, before tho meeting of tho Convention, and (hero will be opportunities for changing tho figures and getting tho sums right, be sides ascertaining tho exact value of tho Un known quantity, to whom Our Cahteq al luded so eloquently os he pictured him with his feet on the balustrade and a cigar in his mouth listening to the Uarine Band. One of the most significant signs of a coming storm on tho Eastern question is tho decline in English consols, tho unloading of tho Botosouilds, aud tho panic on the Lon don Stock Exchange. Tho English pocket book is peculiarly sensitive to political changes, and indicates areas of low barome ters and coming storms in tho political wbrld with unerring precision. Viewed In tho most favorable light, England is in a bad way. Turkey has declined to accept tho agreement of tho three Powers, —Germany, Austria, and Russia,—and tho insurgents, knowing that Turkey will not and cannot carry out any reform, ore determined to fight on until tho independence of Rosniq and Herzegovina is conceded, which would bo tho entering wedge for tho independence of all the other Sclavio provinces. It is necessa ry, therefore, for tho throe Powers to confer again, and the now conference Is already an nounced to take place at Ems. Meanwhile Italy has sent in her adherence to tho memo randum of the three Powers, so that Russia, Austria, Germany, and Italy are united iu their policy on tho Easternqnestion, so far as it relates to the present Christian insurrec tion against tho Turks, while England and Franco are opposed to it. But in this matter there is a wheel within a wheel. England is directly interested in tho Eastern question, but Franco is not But Franco is interested in Egypt, which England now bolds as a sort of security with which to moke good her losses from Turkish indebtedness, when the throe Powers actively interfere with Turkish affairs. Hence, when England shall attempt to collect her security, she must of necessity become involved with Franco. In this com plication of affairs there is very good reason for the sadden fall of the political thermom eter in England and the pauio in stocks. It Boema to be conceded that Mr. Mobbi boh, the Chairman of the Ways and Moans Committee, made a fair, moderate, and log* ical speech in advocacy of the new Tariff bill which ho introduced into the House some months ago. Bat suppose be did—cm bono f It has attracted no attention, and wo think wo con tell Mr. MoaaisoN why. However sincere ho may bo in bis desire to reform the revenue system in customs, ho has no sincere backing in his party. The history of this very bill has demonstrated this much. Though it is several months since Mr. Mobbibou first in* troduced it, the Committee have slept on it It hes received only occasional and cursory consideration, and then for the purpose of crippling it The very heart of the bill has been cut out by refusing to permit the tea and coffee clauso to stand. There has been no caucus nor united effort to push the bill. Nor will there be. In spite of the standing resolution of Democratic State Conventions declaring that party to be in favor of a tariff for . revenue only, the present Congress docs not propose Inking any action on thin question any moro Uian it does on tho currency ques tion. It desircii to stand slid and do nothing. That baa boon its programme from tho first, and it will continue lo>? Us programmo till tho end; and Mr. Morriron ia wasting his strength in devising monntiron for reforming tho tariff, and spending his breath in a rain advocacy thereof, so long as ho bos no back, ing except that of his own party cations in Congress. It is a fair sample of tho honesty of Domocralio pretense. The New York Herald continues Its vaticina tions upon the Presidential prospect, with view to satisfy Itscjf that Conkuno must be uom hinted at Cincinnati. The Herald I *latest effort In this line is bused upon the President's friend ship for Conklino, and tho assumption that “the faintest Intimation of President Quant’s wish will turn over the Southern delegation to Conklino as soon ns they are satisfied Mouton cannot bo elected.” This is assuming a deal more than the facts warrant, and Ignores alto gether that both Bristow and Blaine, more es pecially tho former, have developed no small strength in the South- But, after assuming so much, tho Herald concedes that to make sure of the nomination Conkuno must get the vote of Ohio la the Convention, and to secure that proposes that the ticket ho Conkuno and Hates. Aside from tho fact that Hates might decline to bo placed on the ticket ns n tail-piece to Conklino, and tho fur ther fact Unit never yet was a ticket carried through by any tail-piece attachment, the self evident truth Is that even Hates couldn't pull Conkuno through In Ohio. To place Hates second on the ticket would be simply to swamp it in Ohio; nud It would encounter tho like fate In New York. Hates and Conklino might bo dragged through in Ohio, but tho chances are that the tail-piece attachment In that case would prove too heavy, even with Hates at Uio head, and would bo alike fatally disastrous to him. Conklino could not carry a single Western State, and all these schemes of tho machine politicians of Manhattan Island, Philadelphia, Harrisburg, and Washington to foist him upon tho party at Cincinnati mean simply schemes to secure the crushing defeat of the Repub lican party. If r Conklino Is to have the first place on the ticket, neither Hates, Bristow, Blaine, Morton, nor anybody else ns second, or In any other capacity, can save It. The machine men who are running the Conklino movement may as well disabuse themselves of the notion that by any combination or trade a single electoral vote can be secured for him from tho West, or eveu Western support iu the Con vention. Occasionally the Peoria Transcript falls into un Ironical vein of composition. Thus, speak ing of tho rag-baby plank of the Sprlugfleld platform, It says: Tbo resolution deprecates any coarse or legisla tion which tnny drive out of existence our present admirable systom(l) of paper currency, and place in Us stead this irresponsible, irredeemable curren cy in circulation before tho War. Tbo platform very wldcly(r) falls to express any opinion upon the question of a prompt return to a bard-money finan cial basis. Tho sardonic puff of onr fluctuating, Irre deemable currency, which Is at a varying dis count of 10 to 20 per cent, is very flue, and cull ing the currency “irresponsible and irredeema ble” which was Issued before tlto War by New York, New England, Ohio, Indiana, Maryland, Virginia, Louisiana, end several other States (constituting nine-tenths of ttio whole paper issue), which was punctually redeemed In gold on demand, is roost excellent Irony, and proves the able editor a great humorist. The editor of (he Quincy Whig, wlu> Is not a humorist, speaks his mind more openly and bluntly of the rag baby and bloody-shlrt mess of trash, called the Illinois Republican platform, ns follows: As for onr platform, It Is unnecessary to say that tho platform brought forth at Springfield is an poUUlete and senseless a pitas oj twaddle, from leginning to end, as was ever complacently ratified by a good-natured Convention that was inn burry to adjourn. Nat but that tbo gentlemen who com- Eosca It were abundantly able to have produced a ettcr one; hut they seem to have exerted their talents in an ciTort to produce something that should bo entirely harmless, and as foolish as pos sible; and tbo effort was perfectly snccusHful. It is worse than that: il ls treacherous, false, ami malicious, mid is a fraud on the sentiments and feelings of the people of Illinois. Henry Kingsley, whoso death was announc ed by cable dispatch a day or two ago, was a brother of Canon Kingsley. Ho was born at llotnc, Devonshire, England, In 1834, and was educated at Oxford. Although somewhat over shadowed by tho fame of his more brilliant brother, he achieved considerable reputation by his novels, among them, “ The Recollections of Geoffrey Hamlyn,” “Ravenshoc,” “Austin Eliot,” “Leighton Court,” “Mademoiselle Mo thlhlc,” “Stretton,” “Hetty,” and “Old Ma rgaret.” He was for some time editor of the London Daily Jlevlew, and was also Its corre spondent during the Franco-German War. Tho mails also bring tho Intelligence of tho death of the Rev. Dr. Peck, a brother of Bishop Peck, who, iu 1848, was the cditor-ln-chlcf of tho Christian and who was the author of several works, among them a “History of the Wyoming Valley”; also of Mrs. Duncan, the widow of the late Gov. Joseph Duncan, of this State. The Jacksonville Journal gives the fol lowing obituary notice of her; Elizabeth Caldwell Duncan wan born March 28, 1808, in Pearl street. New York City. Her father, Jamehll. Smith, n prominent merchant of that city, died when she was quite young. In con sequence of this she spent her girlhood with an elder sister in Washington, 1). C. Hero she met her husband, the Hon. Joseph Duncan, then v member of Congress from tho State of Illinois, who had won renown as a General in the United States army In tho War of 1812. They were mar ried May lit, 1828, and came to Kaskasklo, in this Htatu. to reside. In 1820 they removed to Jack sonville, which has been her homo ever since. After their marriage, and before the General's death in January, 1844, he was re-elected to tho National ■ House and chosen os the Governor of the State. Mrs. Duncan has been tiio mother of eleven children, only three of whom survive: Mrs. Mart Putnam, of Davenport, la.; Mrs. Julia Kmtir, of oar city; and Joseph C. Duncan, of Chicago. The English have Just set alloat another mon ster, the Tetneraire, which, although not as largo as tho Inflexible, is still a very powerful and formidable vessel. She combines both tho tur ret and broadside systems. Her armor Is con fined principally to the hull and vital parts of the ship, having U-lnch plates for thchuiland 3- Inchhorizontal deck-plating. Hcrbruudsiduguns are six in number, four of 25 tons and two of 18. Her guns ou the upper deck, one of 23 tons and thuother of 18, are mounted m barbette and com pletely exposed. With regard to tho vessels re cently constructed, the Loudon Timet Bays: TLv Impossibility of uniting In one Teasel ell that la wanted In a man-of-war utloal la becoming, in fact, mure manifest every year. Wo liave been obliged to sacrifice armament for stability and sea worthiness; armor and armament fur speed and endurance at sea; rigging, speed, and seaworthi ness fur armament and armor; and armament and armor for speed and ramming. So we have in their relative order, as types of these separate sac rifices, the HuUan with broadside puns; the Jncon slant with her light ordnance and absence of ar mor: the Devastation with her mastlese form, and the Itupert with her deficient armor and arfna incut. Hut these, after all, are but compromises compared with wbat might almost be culled the abandonment of principle expressed in the con alructiou of the Tn/urairt. The Cincinnati Ilnquirer t which lives, and moves, and has Its being in elilnpiastcrs, and frantically supports old Fog-Horn Bill Alien fur President, is greatly pleased with thu rag baby plonk in the Illinois Republican platform. It says, Blgulllcuutly: The author of that wanted to say more, but be did not ecu very well bow bo could do It without hurting the party. . Ws are not astonished that an organ like Tun Cuicauo Tmuuxs, claiming to be Republican, should declare tbol 'Mils oat of place, ” and that '* It can command neither the re spect nor the support of the State," and denounce it os "a fraud upon the Republican party.” Queer will coses ore becoming very common In the courts, but one of the queerest Is that of Daniel Miner, a wealthy Pennsylvania farmer, who died recently, and whose will is now iu contest. It appears that the deceased erected two houses upou one of his farms, In ouo of which lived Catherine Hooker, and iu the other lUcuxL Rvuer. Both these women were his mistresses, and be bail three children by each. By thu provisions of hla will ho Lo qucalhod one farm to one of these women and U« other to the second. Since the filing of tho will the children of adcscrted wife In New York hats turned up and are now contesting it. He man tied bis wife In 1825, and, after having seven children by her, left her, and was never after seen by any member of tho family. The wits died In 18(H), and tho seven children now pro. pose to have the two farms, Instead of the two mistresses sod their six children. The New York Timet In a long leading article calls attention to tho fact that there Is now fur tho first Unto the germ of a native Protestant church Id Mexico, and, that being Episcopal (n Its form and discipline, It will probably have before long a Bishop consecrated by the au* thority of tho House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church In tho United Slates. Tho movement, It appears, was started about ten years ago, during Maximilian’s rule, by a priest named Aot/ILAB, who had seceded from the Romish Churclu lie began with a congregation of only fifty people, which increased steadily under bla work. Two years afterwords’ ho died, and the Rev. Hbnrt C. Rilbt, a Chilian-born clergy, man of tho Episcopal Church, came to Mexico and took up Aguilar's work with such success that tho Roman Catholics became alarmed. A Dominican friar, Man. übl Aquas, a man eminent for his learning and piety, was selected to offset the ln> flueneo of Mr. RilbY, but before ho hod labored long he himself became a sincere Protestant, and commenced an aggressive warfare against tho Catholic Chnrch, accusing It of Idolatry. He was excommunicated, and after oxcommu. nlcatlon was elected Bishop of the Protestant Church at Ban Jose do Qracla. He was never consecrated, however, and died In 1871. Under Mr. Blurt's active labors, fifty lltllo eongrega turns have been organized, and, os in Mexico, tne Protestants ore under the protection of tha law, It Is probable that Protestantism will rapid, ly increase, notwithstanding the hatred am] malice of tlio Catholic Church towards tliesi little congregations. Tho affairs of 01 o Bull and his wife, whlrt accrued to bo pretty thoroughly ventilated In I recent dispatch from Madison to Tub Triiionb, arc again Involved in impenetrable fog by tire following statement of the Cincinnati Com mcrcial: “Wolearn from private sources tlui4 010 Dull, during the past winter, and on the dr* cult of a concert tour In Continental cities, rep' resented to his Norwegian countrymen then that he bad not only Anally separated from hit wife, bat that ho never was legally married to. her at all.” Tho Commercial adds that evidence of tho legality of the marriage can easily be pro* cured. “But that there has been mlsuhdcN standing and separation, and that Ole Bull will never again take up bed and board with his young American wife, unless forced to it, there Is no doubt whatever.'* TheTridunb still puls confidence in its Madison correspondent, and believes tho marital relations of Sir. and Mrs. Bull are as they should be. A Washington dispatch to tho New Tork Herald soys: The friends of Senator Conkt-ino have received telegrams to-day from well-informed parties In Illinois, who deny that the outlook there Is over whelmingly favorable to Mr. Dlainb. The dis patches say that everything from a Cokkmmo stand paint la working well. Every move Is observed and a careful Index kept by tho beat-trained poli ticians. There 1b something incongruous between Blaine for a candidate and tho rag-baby and hloody-sblrt platform which was adopted. And then the delegates were nnlnstructcd for any candidate, which leaves room for trading and changing without violating any instructions. There is many a slip ’twixt the cup and the lip. Suppose it should tarn out that the “ Great Un known” was a horso called John A. Logan, what would Blaine’s friends say? Some of the Democratic papers indulge in personalities. For example, the Independent Democratic Herald thus refers to the retirement of Mr. Mantoh Mardls of tho Democrat!* HorW; Mr. Marble's deep interest lo this high range ol topics may have impaired the success of his Jour, iml by the prominence be has given to discussloni which aro above the average intelligence of tb< community. Ifhcmadoany mistake as a Journal Ist it was In supposing that tho ordinary publii could be made to take an interest in all the Jccte which so deeply interested himself. Whereupon tho Democratic Dtiqulrer, a Cln dnnotl, observes: The scholarly gentlemen In tho Herald office havi carefully avoided Mr. Marble's mistake. By dim of close application and bard labor they have kept lUoir paper down to the understanding of Mr. Dennett’s hostlers, lienee the.success of tbi Herald. Nino cadet midshipmen of the second of third classes have been expelled from the 7T«* val Academy at Annapolis for stealing “gen tlemen's furnishing” goods from aßaltlmort drummer. Tho telegraph Is rather reticent lo Informing ns what was the nature of these “furnishing goods." There Isa difference ol Ideas among gentlemen as to what kind of fur niture and equipment for tho battle of life i gentleman most needs. Wo suspect that la this particular instance the “ furnishing goods * consisted of soar-mush whisky,—” fine as silk/ “best In tho world,” etc.,—and a choice solco tlon of rare old Havana cigars. It Is prettj hard on the boys to expel them for plundering such a storehouse of sweets os this, especially as tho Baltimore drummer led them Into temp tation by leaving his “samples” unprotected In the rooms of the first class. Tbo editors of tho Olobe-Democrat and tho Cincinnati Gazette aro good friends, so good os to take liberties with one another and indulge in personal pleasantries, of which tbo following aro recent specimens'. The Globe-Democrat of Thursday says: "now docs Deacon Richard Smith, the little red-beaded rascal of tho Cincinnati (lateile, like tbo looks of things this morning) The ‘whisky-thieves' or gun' seems to us to be a little ahead. ’’ And the Cincinnati Gazette of Friday answers: "Whenever you find a wblsky-thlef, a smuggler, a Treasury-eater, or a fellow who expects to make a living by trading In patronage, you will find an opponent of Bristow.” There wasasharp contest in tho Missouri Con vention over the appointment of delegates. The Whisky-Ring fought desperately against the choice of Bristow men, and succeeded In most eases. Ex-Senator Henderson, tho ablest Itepubllcuu In tbo State, and who so powerfully prosecuted tho first coses against the Whisky- Ring In St. Louis, was put down as an “alter nate ”of Van Horn. Van, of course, will go to the Convention, and Henderson will stay ut homo. . The Now York Wortd dentes that Mu. 8. I* U. Barlow, who Is supposed to be the real pur chaser of the TKorW, Is a brother-in-law of Senator Bayard, of Delaware. Wo were misled Into the notion by a special dispatch from New York which sold: “S. L. M. Barlow, the for mer owner and chief stockholder, is a brother-in law of Batauu, and His understood Barlow bus bought Marble's interest.” FEBSOKAL. Sound the load timbrel, wave the bloody shirt, rock the rag-baby, Prank Palmer U boss I Tltiens tells ber London friends that she had a Jolly guud time In the United States. Why, she never saw Chicago I Tennyson's “Qneen Mery** has been withdraws from the stage of the Loudon Lyceum Theatre—a confessed failure. Kropp, the cannon-maker, is the richest msa la Prussia. Ills income-tax represents a yearly scats of profits exceeding 91,1160,000. The Pope was 84 years old on the 13lh init. R he Uvea until the 10th of Jone he will have occu pied (be Pontifical throne Jost thirty years. Barry Sullivan, the Irlsh-EngUsh tragedian, has received moru than |140,000 fur 205 performance! in this country. lie sails for Europe Juno 7. J. Lorimcr Graham, Consul to Florence, lately deceased, spent twenty times bis salary in enter taining Uls countrymen who visited that city. ur. Henry Irving was one of the guests at Ibi Royal Academy dinner this year, lie la the first actor to receive an Invitation since Macr eady. Ex-Gov. Bollock, of Massachusetts, was arrest ed at (be Fifth Avenue llutcl. New York, 1m) Thursday, but was released when the officers (Us-

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