Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 31, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 31, 1876 Page 4
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t. • Stye TERMS OF SUIISCUIPTION PATAOLB IK ADVAKCB—I’OSTAOB PREPAID AT THIS OmCK, Dally Edition. postpaid. lyear I’nrin of year at same rote. Malted to any address four week* for Sunday Edition: Literary and Hcllgtoni Double Pheet TrMVcekly. postpaid, lyear rum of year at aainc rate. WEEKLY BDITION, POSTPAID. One copy. per year Il.ftf) (.Tub of rtvr, pereopy !.;«<• flub of twenty, per ropy I. is Tbc poMmte Is Ift cent* n year, which we will prepay. Specimen copies sent free. To prevent delay and mistake*, be sure and Rive Post* OPlee address In frill, luelmllni; Stale and County. Hemltinncra may be made either by draft, express, I'yil-Olllce order, or In registered letters, at onrrlak. ’’BUM* TO CITY SUIISCRinBIIS. Dally, delivered, Sunday cxeepteil. as rent* per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Inelnded. an cent* per week Addreta THE TRHUINE COMPANY, Corner Mndlion and Dearborn-vt*., Chicago, 111, AMUSEMENTS. Ilooley’a Theatre. Randolph ulrri’i, between Clark ami LaSalle. “Rose MletivL” Afternoon nml evening. New Chlenuo Tlientre, Clark rtroet. between Randolph ami Lake. lloolrya* Mluitrcl*. Afternoon nml owning. Wmiil’n Museum. Monroe Mreet, between Dearborn and State. Frank K. Aiken In “Tho TlukeHU-LeavQ Man.” Afternoon •ml evening.? rnrwell Unit. Madßon alrect, between Clark amt LaSalle. Concert toy the Herman Mlllinry linml. SOCIETY M EETINGS. MASONIC.—HESPERIA LODGE. NO. 411, A. T*. & A. M.—Regular i-nimmiiilrnllon ul Masonic Temple, corner lbiml»l|di nml Hnßteibst*., this (Wednesday) evening. May til, Third Degree. Visiting brethren cordially InvUcil. CHARLES 11. URKNAN, W. M. CHARLES F. FOEHSTCR, Secretary. WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 187 C. Wanner weather, ■with perhaps occasional showers, it) what tho weather man gives uu for to-day. The death is announced this morning of Mr. JoiinC. Partridge, «n old and higbly-ro- Bpoctnhlo citizen of Chicago. A notice of liis life will bo found elsewhere in our col- umns. Tho Centennial Exposition was more lib erally patronized yesterday than it had been any day previous, excepting the KUh of May. The largo attendance (-1(1,000 souls) is at tributed to tbo closing of business conse quent upon tho unusually general observance Accorded to Decoration-Day. A great conflagration swept over a portion of tho City of Quebec yesterday, and at a late hour last night tho fire was still raging, though with bettor promise that it would soon !>c under control. Tho devastated dis trict is what is known as tho St. Louis suburbs, in which about 1,0(10 houses were fmrued, with a loss estimated at $1,000,000. Tho gathering of delegates to the Missouri Democratic Convention which meets at Jef ferson City to-dny has developed a totally unexpected and amazing preponderance of preference for Tilden. Tho State is sold to bnvo turned from Hendricks to Tildes in mo month’s time, and tho friends of the former claim that tho change has boon brought ibtmt by tho lavish expenditure of money. Tho Democratic Convention of Tennessee meets at Nashville to-day. Tho policy to bo Adopted, looking to final relief from the Snaneial embarrassments of tho State Gov ernment, will call forth great differences of jpinion and uncompromising obstinacy of iivorgent purposes, so much so, it is thought, is to completely eclipse tho importance of the Presidential question. Ills gratifying tolearn that the strike at tho Union Hulling Mills in this city is nt an end, and Hint, with tho exception of n few of tho ringleaders, tho strikers have resumedwork fit the old rotes. Tho employers were firm in refusing to comply with tho demand for tin increase of wages, and tho dissatisfied work men, after n brief period of idleness, choso he more sensible course, and returned to lork. Ily way of Washington there cornea the report Hint tiro Coseliko managers, in tho ivent of tho failure of their candidate, will transfer their strength at Cincinnati to W’ahii fluriNE. Nothing could bo more unlikely Umn that tho class of nmehino politicians who nro engineering tho Conklino interest thmild have any such intentions concerning » thoroughly nnti-nmehino man of tho Wash auiiNii stamp. It is far more likely that tho rumor is given out with a view to capturing ft few Conelino votes in tho Illinois delega tion. Mr. H. V, Kimball, tho ■Winnebago Coun ty Agricultural Society Secretary, who raised such a broezo lost year by his invita tion to Jeff Davis to como and deliver an iddress at the County Fair, has once more some to grief ns un apostle of reconciliation. This timo ho gushed over tho neglect of the graves of the Kehel soldiers on Decoration- Uay, whereas tho fact is that tho good peo ple of Winnebago County have since 1H(J8 mado a special point of strewing flowera apon tho graves of the Hebei dead in the itoekford Cemetery. Mr. Kimball was rcslerduy apprised of this fact in u manner K) pointed and public ns to draw general at tention to bis ignorance of events transpir ing in his own vicinity, as well as to bis cheap bid for notoriety as bridger of bloody chasms. Tho revolution in Turkey, if Into dis patches are to bo credited, lias in it much political significance. Not only boa it given new hope of tho peaceable settlement of the difficulties now existing in tho Turkish-Euro- I>can provinces, but promises to bring about radical reforms in Constantinople —reforms m keeping with tho civilization of tho nineteenth century. Tho now Bullau is laid to have assumed tho task of perfecting Ihcsu reforms as a condition precedent to the ligh preferment bestowed upon him. Tho promised now order of things includes .ho institution of a permanent As icmbJy, tho abolition of tho seraglio, and the reduction of tho civil list to a sum commensurate with the resources of the nation. If those promises can bo successfully carried out, there is hope even for tho loud where moral precepts have never flourished, and whore civil liberty in its full acceptation has been a thing unknown. The Chicago produce markets were irregu lar yesterday, provisions being very weak and grain steadier, though wheat woa lower •md corn easier. Mess pork declined SLO7J per brl, closing firmer, at $17.87j@17.D0 for June and $lB.lO lor July. Lard was 40@CUc per 100 lbs lower, closing at cash and $IO.B7J(S>10.!)0 for July. Meats were Jdvgc per !h lever, at (J»c for boxed ihuuklers, for du abort ami Do i'er do short clears. Lake freights worn aclivo find firmer, nl l?Jc for wheat to buffalo. hail freights worn dull nod unchanged. High wines were firm, nt $1,051 per gallon. Flour whs in light demand mul easy. Wheal was l)c lower, closing at $1.03,} for Juno nud $1.0.*»2 for July. Corn was j(s'lc lower, closing nt 44c cosh nnd for Juno. Oats were n shade firmer, closing at 282° for May or Juno., llyo was easier, nt (5!»)@70o. Harley was irregular, closing nominal, at Til (®7iio for May nud JUrgifiJc for Juno. Hogs wore dull, and nvernged Iif»o lower, closing wotik at Sr».DO(S)(J.ir» for common lo choice. The entllo market wan moderately active, nt in<si)i:.o decline in coimnon and medium grades. Sheep were easier, with sales mostly nt $4.2."(firi.23. Last Saturday evening thcro was in store in this city 5)1)7,814 bn wheat, (121,47"* bu com, 282,307 bu oats, 4(5,5)10 bu rye, and 15)5),830 bu barley. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $112.87) in green backs at the dose. .|W.€O The Democrats in Congress will find it difficult to sustain their assertions that tho testimony of Harney against Speaker Kerr is tho result of a Republican conspiracy. All tho circumstances connected with the In vestigation lend to upset this theory. Tho fact is that Mr. Kerr has received from the Republican members of tho Committee a degree of honorable and considerate treat ment contrasting strongly with tho stabs in the dark given to nearly every Republican whoso conduct has been uuder investigation. No testimony was permitted to bo taken until Mr. Kerr ami bis counsel could bo pres ent, though the absence of two Democratic members of the Committee placed tho Re publicans in tho majority for tho time, and tho evidence of Harney might havo been mysteriously peddled out after tho fashion of Democratic investigators. Nothing of tho kind was permitted, but, on the con trary, the Republicans almost without ex ception have treated the matter fairly and dispassionately, earnestly hoping that Mr. Kerr may successfully and thoroughly re fute tho tumble accusation. If this consti tutes a conspiracy, Mr. Kerb has reason to feel grateful to the conspirators. There havo been rumors for some days that tho Grand Jury, now about to close up its work, has evidence before it which war rants tho indictment of several members and Romo of tho ex-members of tho County hoard of Commissioners for corrupt prac tices and conspiring to defraud tho public. These rumors having come to tho oars of certain parlies who have evidently reason to think they arc among the number, wo un derstand that they have approached several Grand Jurors with personal appeals not to bring in tho indictments. This is simply in famous. Every man who has used personal inllueueo with a Grand Juror to escape in dictment has furnished n now rea son why an indictment should bo found against him. Every man who has done this Ims laid himself under a new suspicion. lie has also attempted a new crime—that of persuading Grand Ju rors to violate their oaths. It is a flagrant contempt of Court, for which these persons should ho reported and punished. We have no idea that those attempts at suborning tho Grand Jurors to forswear themselves will in duce any of them to do so. On the contrary, every juror who has been approached in this matter will feel himself under additional obligation to vole for an indictment wher ever tho evidence warrants it. No member of tho Grand Jury will care to rest tinder the suspicion that ho boa yielded to outside in fluence to violate bis oath and his duty. THE DETHRONEMENT OF THE SULTAN. Tho important news conics from Turkey that a revolution has broken out in Con stantinople, resulting in tho dethroning of Ardul-Aziz, the Sultan. His successor, Mo hammed Mdrad Kfeendi, the presumptive heir, son of tho last Sultan, Aijdul-Medjid, succeeds him under tho Turkish law of sue cession, which gives tho throne to tho oldest male member of tho family of Othmak, sprung from tho Imperial Harem, which is considered a permanent Slate institution. The late Fulton, who was second son of Mahmoud 11., was born Feb. I», 18:10, and is ten years older than his successor. Ho suc ceeded to tho throne Juno 25, 18(51, ami nt the outset of his career promised to bo a model ruler—for a Turk. Ho was lavish in ho announcement of reforms ho intended unking, and made good his promises for a imo by dismissing tho corrupt Minister of Finance, reducing tho civil list, abolishing tho seraglio, declaring that ho would not indulge in polygamy, and inaugurat ing many measures in tho interests of the public welfare. In order to avail himself of tho benefit of European civilization tio traveled through Franco, England, and Austria in ISU7, and on his re turn allowed foreigners to hold real estate, established public high schools and scien tific institutions, and ordered tho Supremo Court to draw up a civil code. Among the important political events of his career were the recognition of tho independence of Italy, tho negotiation of commercial treaties with England and Franco, tho suppression of re bellions in Montenegro and Crete, tho sign ing of tho treaty deneutralizing tho Hlack Sea, and tho acknowledgment of tho accession to tho HoumauUm thronu of Prince Chakles of Hohonzollern. Tho promises of tho earlier years of his reign, however, were not fid filled. Tho soroglio was re-established. Cor ruptions of every description crept into his administration. Ho squandered tho money loaned Turkey by England to repair the losses occasioned by tho Crimean War in tho most reckless profligacy, and Ims reduced Turkey to bankruptcy. Tho crowning misery of his career has come in tho uprising of tho Bclavio Christians against long-continued misrule and tyranny, arbitrary and onerous taxation, unjust dis criminations, and persecutions of the most cruel description. It in as yet somewhat premature to spoon late upon the effects that this change will hove upon tho relations between tho Turks ami tho Christians and between the Turks ami the Great Powers. It is safo to assume that it will hardly result in mitigating tho asperities of the Mussulman to tho Chris tians, from a religious point of view. Tho late Sultan had always boon distasteful to tho orthodox Mussulman, their hatred of him commencing when ho made his European tour, and tho Hoftas, a very powerful and fanatical sect, have for Homo time boon plot ting for his abdication and inciting tho peo ple to revolution. Politically, however, the English people seem to believe that tho abdication is in the interests of peace, and on the London Stock Exchange Turkish securities are stronger and moro active at a decided advance. Whether tho change will lift the war-cloud renimus to bo seen, and it may load to newaudimportautcomplications, ••specially if the new Sultan shonld happen to be under the domination of tho “Bolus." THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1870, It is by no moans an impossibility that the sudden change will not precipitate a crisis, but inasmuch ns tho old Sultan was hostile to tho llcrlin agreement, it is highly proba ble that tho now Sultan may favor it, in which case it becomes) an open question whether tho Turks will ho nhlo to carry out tho reforms demanded by tho Great Powers. The change does not alter the attitude of England, since tho Great Powers will not abate their demands because a new Sultan is on tho throne. The English Government was in accord with tho Into Sultan, since both had rejected tho agreement. If tho now Sultan shall accept it, England will bo loft impotcntly alone. A very few hours may show whether Murad Eitendi is anymore liberal or pacific than Aimni-Aziz. THE CASE AGAINST SPEAKER KERB. Speaker Kerr's statement before the Ciamkr Committee will disappoint nil who had hoped ho would promptly vindicoto him self against the serious charge, supported by direct testimony, that is brought against him. His statement is ft general denial, but it does not cover the ground. It leaves too much unexplained, and requires too much explanation to bo accepted as answering the testimony against him. To begin with, there is required considerable explanation of why Mr. Kr.im did not recommend the appointment from his own district or State, instead of going to Now York to find a young man upon whom to bestow it. At that time, when ho was of the minority, it was the most valuable patronage controlled by Mr. Kuna. The appointment is one that is always eagerly sought. Then (180(5), just after the close of the War, doubtless there were not loss than five hundred young men in Mr. Kerb's own district who, on being apprised there was a Lieutenancy to bo filled, would have sharply competed for it. Many of them doubtless would have been commended by their own worth. Others, of course, would have brought strong political influence to boar to secure the appointment, Why did Mr. Knno ignore his owu constitu ents, to whom tho appointment properly be longed, and bestow it upon young Greek, of Now York ? Then there is disclosed, not by tho tcsli mony of Harney, but by tho oflicial records, an extraordinary solicitude on tho part of Mr. Kerr to make sure of tho commission in question for young Green. Mr. Kerr's original appointee, who tras from In dinun, it seems failed to pass examination and was rejected, lint when Mr. Keiiu ap pointed young Green, of Now York, ho pro vided that youth with a letter, upon tho strength of which ho received his com mission “without examination by i any Board," asho himself testified. It must strike every one as strange that when his letters wore so potent in this regard, Mr. Kerr dUI not toko tho trouble to write one ftor bis Indiana appointee, as ho did for Green-, of New York. Why was Mr. Kerr's nnxiirty to secure the appointment of Green bo much greater than to secure the appointment c*f a young man from his (Kerr's) own district ? Further, Green-, who carefully avoids in culpatiug Kerr, testifies that ho paid Harney to procure tho appointment; that Harney named Kerr as tho man through whom it was to be obtained; and that, when Harney had been paid, Kerr did procure it for Greek. Mr. Kerr testifies that lie never knew Har ney in his life, though Harney, being one of the Doorkeepers of tho House, must have been seen daily during the entire session by Kerr. Mr, Kerr, with unnecessary com prehensiveness, adds s I never consciously exchanged one minuto’seonversatiou, between heaven and earth, with that person (Harney). I never received any money from him." What, thou, was it that induced Mr. Kerr to throw away this important and much sought appointment upon a young man ho did not know, and who did not live in Kerr’s State nor district, and hud nobody to secure it for him except Harney, who received $l5O to buy it with ? Mr. Kerr would not have it believed ho was such an innocent as to throw away such important patronage. Har key swears ho paid tho money to Kerr. Certain it is that tho appointment followed tho payment of the bribe-money to Harney. According to Mr. Kerr’s statement, Harney himself was unknown to, and could havo had no intiueuco with, him (Kerr). What, then, was it thot influenced Mr. Kerr to bestow tho appointment upon young Green, who paid for it ? PAY or THE CITY EMPLOYES. There is one phase of the city’s financial embarrassment which tho Council Financial Committee’s Hohemo docs not provide for, and that is tho payment to tho city em ployes of tho wages duo thorn prior to April 1, when tho present fiscid year began, which still remain unpaid. It is understood that this portion of the unpaid wages amounts to about §500, 000. It cannot bo paid out of tho money raised by tho issue of tho now certificates drawn against tho tax-lovy of IKTfi, for tho law requires that funds raised on those certificates shall bo exclusively np plied to tho payment of obligations created by tho appropriations of the current fiscal year, and we refer to that portion of the un paid wages which became duo prior to tho present fiscal your. In tho absence of any special provision, then, tho city employes will bo forced to wait for tho collection of tho tuxes of the bulk of which will not bo paid before some time in August or early in September, ns it is not till then that payment can bo enforced by judgment and aalo. liut in this case tho relief for tho city employes will only bo partial, and wo do not behove that they aro in a condition to wait three months longer for the thoy earned three mouths ago. As Uio city owes them this money, so thoy owo it to others. Thoy owe it for rent to their landlords, for supplies to their butchers and grocers, for clothing and household good* to the shop keepers, for coal and wood, etc. It is prob able that the retail dealers have carried these or :t,OOO people as long us thoy can afford to do so ; and to lay out of $500,000 or §OOO,OOO for throo mouths longer will necessarily occasion a very groat dad of suffering. Unless tho Finance Committee have ngroed upon some better plan for raising tho money to pay the wages duo prior to April 1, we would suggest that scrip bo issued to tho persons who hove rendered service, at their option, specifying tho amount due them from tho tax-levy of making these cer- Ufioates payable Sept. 1 next out of tho tax collections that will bo made befoi-o that time, and meanwhile making them receiv able for the taxes of 187/». This course will be in accordance with law, and will servo to relieve the necessities of the mony people to whom the money is duo. Tho shopkeepers, grocers, butchers, aud sup ply-vcnders will take this scrip very gladly at its face, because they cun make use of it at its face value. If it bo issued in small sums, many of the creditors of the employes may themselves make use of it to pay their own (axes. At nil events, it will have n recognized value for that purpose, mid will bo taken by the bankers nnd brokers readily. Tho interest it will draw mid tho certainty of its payment in three months will make it desirable paper, and tho probability is that the great hulk of it would find its way into tho hands of tho Comptroller before maturity as tender for tho payment of tho taxes of 1875. This is tho only way that suggests itself to us ns practicable for discharging nt ouco tho indebtedness to city employes which had accrued during tho months of January, Feb ruary, ami March, unless there is sufllcicnt accumulation already from tho Inx-collcclions of 187 Ato pay that indebtedness. This plan, however, would leave the tax-collections of tho next month to pay the July interest on the bonded debt and take np a part of tho old outstanding certificates. Tho proposed scrip would hnvo almost tho character of cur rency, owing to its being legal-tender for tho taxes of 1875 now duo, nnd because it would be payable in so short a time. Tho “shave” on such paper would bo infinitesimal, and it certainly would bo fairer treatment of thoso who have worked for the city than to allow tho present nrroarXgo to run along three months more. Such an arrangement, along with tho cash payment of wages earned since April 1, would relievo tho strain wonderfully both for tho city nnd its unpaid employes. - It may be feasible and more desirable, perhaps, to negotiate this scrip in largo amounts with our homo bankers, payable Sept. I out of tho taxes of 1875, if the bank ers soo fit to take it. This would have tho advantage of enabling tho payment of tho employes in full and in cash, nnd would simplify tho transaction. Tho local banks hnvo ample funds, and wo presume they will bo eager to take this ninety-day paper nt 7 per cent, with absolute security ; it would bo regularly in tho lino of banking, while tho negotiation of tho new certificates of 1870, paynblo in tho summer of 1877, would appeal to another kind of capital looking for longer investment. DECORATION DAY. Eleven years have elapsed since the close of tho War of the Rebellion, and marvelous changes—social, material, and political—hnvo taken place sinco thoso stirring times, but tho memories of our dead soldiers still re main fresh, nnd yesterday tho people of Chicago in a vast concourse gathered together nnd paid our fallen heroes their annual tribute of lovo and respect by decorating their graves with flowers at Rosohill, Grace land, Calvary, nnd Oakwood Cemeteries. Tho day was a lovely ono, as if made expressly for tho observance of this patriotic nnd af fectionate custom. Every cemetery was crowded, nnd no grave was refused its tribute of (lowers, tho decorators not stopping to question whether these graves contained Northern or Southern soldiers. Tho music was appropriate to tho occasion, and the ad dresses were short nnd suitable, and no un toward incident marked tho proceedings in any of tho cemeteries. The unanimity nnd enthusiasm with which tho decorations wero made show that thoro is no abatement of the public spirit which first suggested this annual observance. They show that, though timo wears on mid other things change, tho memory of tho dent! soldiers still remains fresh and green. Tho impartial distribution of tho (lowers shows that tho sectional passions engendered by tho War have cooled, and that tho dust of all who sleep in these graves is alike sacred. To snatch ono day out of the year away from the roar and rush of business, nnd devote it to the memory of the dead, is in tho interest of pcaeo and reconciliation, and every year that it is done it brings North and South mare closely together. Tito lesson taught from these silent graves is a powerful and eloquent one. It tenches a higher and no bier loyally, a closer affiliation of tho peo ple, and their grand duty to live for tho Re public for which tho dead gave their lives. Roukrt ConT.vKit, in his uddremi at Grace land, admirably epitomized the spirit of tho day in these words: 1 count every attempt to rake up Hie old trouble a violent, bitter thing, unworthy of our nation and □ur great Anglo-ttaxon family, nnd I am ashamed of Hie men of my own State who could aoy the thing that baa JuhL been said in our own Btato Cap ital that they might add wormwood to gull. Wo nro one family North and .Smith. Wo enn only work out that destiny through peace and good will. On tills summer morning hh wu stand together the dust of these dead men Is rising. Tho nun cannot tell which la rebel dust ami which is loyal. It la ail one to tho sun. The rain cannot tell an it falls ho sweetly on tho graven. It in ull one to the ruin. It Blends in the grass, blown In Hie dowers. It blends all together, for so Hod wills. U cannot be otherwise in our hearts If we are true. Tho work has been done. Tho dead nlccp beneath their (lowcni. Wo return once more to tho demands of business, the burly-burly of politics, nnd tho thousmul-and-ono cares of life, the bettor prepared to meet nnd per form them by virtue of this day given to tho dead. THE OLD CITY CERTIFICATES. In declining to issue new ccrlillcatoH of in debtedness to take up those now outstand ing, it does not seem to ho generally under stood that the present City Government in acting ns much in tho interest of tho holders of those certificates as it is in its own inter eat. All who are now in possession of tho old certificates are now innocent holders, who accepted them in good faith, believing them to bo lawful, ami before there had been n decision of Court which inforcntially makes them unlawful. If they should now yield up those outstanding certificates for now ccrtitU cate* which tho city has no rigid to issue (the only authority now being to draw against tho tax-levy of 187<> for tho payment of obli gatious accruing in tho present fiscal ycor), tho city’s creditors would not liavo so good a claim for tho payment of tho paper. They would in that case accept an evidence of debt not authorized by law, smceour S per cent lim itation has already been exceeded, and in full knowledge of thot fact. They could no longer urge that they aro innocent purchasers aud holders of tho paper issued regularly, ac cording to the custom of the city, and before a judicial construction of tho law had limited the city’s authority to issue it. It is a much safer guoranteo of payment to retain tho old certificates, with tho osauronco of tho Council that they will bo paid off as rapidly us possi bio, than it is to exchange thorn for now cer tificates which are of doubtful validity at tho best. Ilia plea upon which Hr. Hives and a few others base an authority to issue new ccrtitt catea is that they may be made out “in an ticipation of tho taxes of 1ti75,’74, ’“if, and 'Tli.'* Hut how long way this process of “ outicipation ” Ihj continued ? Can it go ou indefinitely? There seems to bo a con. tradictiun of terras here, (fan that bo “an. tldputcd” which is olrculy and long aiuco past due ? To construe the authority of tho city after this fashiou would b« to nullify thu material point in tho decision of thu Court defining tho character of thu city certificates. Tho purpose of that decision was to avoid the incurring of indebtedness beyond thu constitutional limit which Imn already been reached. lint it wouldccrlainly bo incurring indebtedness to go on renewing paper in ex cess of tho limit for an indefinite period. If this ho not debt, then tho word has no mean ing. Tho (rouble with thoso old certificates is that they were Insuod without any reference to specific tax-levies, without any reference to anything except u shinning,” nnd without any preparation for paying them ns they became duo. In other words, in tho manner nnd form in which they were put out they woro an unlawful in crease of the city's debt, nnd to renew them now would bo In unlawfully continue tho original infraction of law. Ail tho city can legally do is to mako every effort to pay them ns soon as possible and got them out of the way. This is tho proposition, and tho holders of tho old certificates who accepted them at a time when there was no occasion to question their legality will do bettor to re tain them now until paid than to exchange them for other pieces of paper which the city now bos no authority to issue, and which they are fully informed would bo il legal. THE ART Of REPUDIATION. Tho English people are having some curi ous experiences with their national creditors, nnd tho English papers, in a grimly humor ousway, nro beginning to discuss repudiation ns a science or lino ort. Tho London Spec tator, in an article upon this topic, calls at tention to tho peculiar financiering of three or four nations whoso bonds aro in every true Briton's pocket. First, coma the Turkish vipers, who Imvo turned upon their English benefactors and slung them after having been defended against the great Rus sian Rear and accommodated with millions of money to make good tbeir war losses. And now tho “ Sick Man ” of Constantinople has so managed his oxchccqucr ns to utterly extinguish his credit. As tho Spectator says; “ Tho theory of tho Porto is that tho Govemm'ont will pay half their prom ised interest regularly, and if they do, ‘ Turks ’ are worth nt least 50, (1 per cent being abont tho usual interest required on a second-class security ; but what with promises of improbable future pay ments, and issues of bonds for interest which only increase tho debt, and ridiculous pay ments to sinking funds, 1 Turks ’ aro worth 15, and tho floating debt increases every day.” Spain Is another instance which brings grief to tho British pocket filled with Spanish bonds, since she also is on tho royal road to repudiation. Spain lias tho honor of compotingwith Great Britain in one respect. Sho has n public debt almost as big as tho British, and increasing so fast that it will soon meet and pass it. Thoro is no possi bility that it can over bo paid. Sho could, however, by removing her floating debt, pay, os tho Spectator intimates, about $15,000,000 per annum, which could bo increased in timo with moro ncicnUflo taxation, but in stead of this, tho Minister of Finance lias mode u compromise which has sent Spanish stocks down to It. With a debt of $11,500,- 000. tho interest on which moro than consumes all tho revenues of tho Kingdom, tho Hidalgos nro advancing merrily along to bankruptcy. Tho Peruvians have been re markably handy in bankrupting themselves, nnd Peruvian bonds have been as plenty in England as plum-puddings, and tho Spectator mournfully laments that “tho Peruvian Government—which has this advantage over most other Governments, that it can pawn a visible and tangible article ns collateral so curity, can, ns it were, deposit jewels to back its note of hand—has vacillated, ond intrigued, and jobbed till its credit is de stroyed and its creditors ruined, with out any sufllcicnt relief to its Treasury, which, by oil accounts, is moro empty than when it was paying interest over tho counter.” Lastly, tho Egyptians are be ginning to play fast and loose with their bonds, nnd to act as if they also were start ing out on the road to repudiation. Jon.v Boat is evidently in n sad plight, as ho ctands with his pockets stuffed with tho 1. O. U’s of tho Turks, Spaniards, Peruvians, Egyptians, and other heathen, and watches his debtors going into bankruptcy, one after tho other, preparatory to lauding in final re pudiation. His plight, in fact, is almost pitiable, ns may bo seen by tho following sample lament from the S}xcUitor: No good, whatever, Chat we mi, accrues to any body from thU sort of blundering, and least of all to (he State, which Is the only party to the affair whoso Interests wo need consider 10-duy, or per haps at any time. The case umat be very excep tional In which the wisest arrangement for the Stale is not also the wisest for Hie bondholders, ami we may tuko it, for the purpose of this argu- ■ ment,' that their interests aro identical. Suppos ing, then, that u Statu, cither through Internal dif ficulties such as civil war, or through tho failure of its revenues, or through a continued course of ex travagance, has become unable to meet Its engage ments, but lias still tome spare revenue left, what course would u sensible Minister adopt? Wo can not but believe that it would bo exactly tho con trary course to tiio ono now habitually adopted,— that be would contract the amount of nominal lia bility, ratber than the amount of nominal interest. Tho best feature of tho now financial scheme adopted by tho Common Council is tho classification of tho outstanding certifi cates j tho payment pro rata of tho back taxes ns they aro collected; tho acceptance of tho certificates in payment of these back taxes; the regular payment of interest there on, and, finally, tho promise of an appropria tion by tho city to pay any deficit that may re main at tho end of three years. AVo predict, however, that a faithful adherence to this schema will cancel all tho outstanding certifi cates long before tho throo years shall havo elapsed. Meanwhile tho holders of tho cer tificates may congratulate themselves that their paper is in a much bettor condition than at nay time since its validity was called into question, and also much better than now certificates would bo if issued to toko up tbo old. This action of tho new City Gov ernment ought to mako tho credit of tho city for tho future bettor than it has been at any time within two years, aud we havo no doubt that it will have just that effect Tho Whisky.Thieta' Organ in thin city and iU several tenders through tho State arc very much exercised about the loss of Tub Tniu une’s influence. They are never able to agree just when this “ influence " abandoned Tub Tiudunb. Sometimes they say it was throe or four years ago; again within a year, aud generally within the current week. Now we desiro no stronger attestation of Tub Tribune's influence than tho continued howl from these organs of varied official scouudrolism. If it is meant that Tub Tqib* une has “no influence" with tho gaug which they represent in national and mu* niuipivl politics, wo take it os a compliment. That it has some influence, in so far as it represents aud develops honest public sentiment, is tolerably clear, however, from tho fact that whenever the Itiugu succeed in packing a Committee, or carrying out a jab, or stealing a march on the people, they yell with wild delight, and thirobv attest tho ex coptionM clmrnctor of tboir victory. When roguery lion oltnlnod the clovolopmont of tliCßo Inter dnyn, Tub Trirunr ennuot al ways defeat it; neither can the pcoplo on the instant. Hut neither the pcoplo nor Tim TnincNr. will indorse tho roguery on that Account. Meanwhile, tho general flut tering whoa The Tiudusk fires a shot shows that several blrdn hnvo been hit. THE LAST OP BARON VON PALM. Joseph llßNitv Louis Chari, b?, Baron von Pai.m, Grand Cross Commander of the Sover eign Order of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem, Knight nf St. Jons of Malta, Prince of the Homan Empire, late Chamberlain to His Majesty the King of Bavaria, and more lately citizen of Chicago, is dead, and has gone to ids everlasting refit. He died In New York, and was hurled with the mystic Egyptian rites of the Thcosophlc Order, of which he was u member. With all his titles and decorations, and notwithstanding his strangely checquercd career, he made more of u sensation In his death than In his life. At the dead Baron’s head stood a brazen cross, sym bolical of the Phallic worship of tho creative principle, and around it twined a green spotted serpent, and at the dead Baron’s turned-up toes was nn hour-glass with the sands run out, symbolical of death. Baron von Pai.m, os he walked the streets of Chicago or lounged in the lobbies of the opera, ua was his delight, wan a plain, simple, unostentatious man, and yet the black, gloomy catafalque was en livened with his Insignia and decorations. There were the white slur of the Knights of St. John, the gleaming silver of the German Hitter Order, the red cross of the Holy Sepulchre, and the star of the Grand Cross of Louis of Ba varia, none of which glittering gcw-guws were displayed by this plain man when ho dined at Idacii's, or took his beer of a Sunday night at Turner Hall, listening to the music of Waonrr, who was one of his friends, and cursing the quality of the beer. Seven of his brethren In black robes, bearing green palm brandies, stood by his cotlln, illuminated with parti-colored can dles, maintaining a solemn silence while the choir Intoned nn Orphic hymn, set to the music of nn old Italian mass written 800 years ago. The priests then prayed, and then tho High Priest advanced and repeated the ancient Egyptian liturgy, and asked various questions touching the Immortality of the dead Baron’s soul, and this was followed by nn address from the High Priest, made at the Baron’s request, In which ho expounded the doctrine of Theosophy. 'When ho had closed, Emma llaudi.no Britton, the Spirit ualist, whoso faith Is allied to the thcosophicnl, made a brief uddress, which she closed with the following graceful farewell to our Baron: “Speed home, friend and companion I Thou has not left us. Wo know that thou boat passed the golden cates wherein sorrow •entcr eth not, and wo bid thee God-speed to thy home of light. Although tbc golden lw>wl Is broken and the silver cord Is loosed, we put on no weeds of mourning, and wo offer the symbols of full blown human life with these flowers.” This closed the obsequies, and the Baron was left alone, stripped of oil his decorations, with only a few palm-branches on his eoflln, until night, when q solitary undertaker took the dead Baron to tho cemetery and deposited him In the Egyp tian darkness of the vault, where may he rest In peace until the resurrection morning which will solve the truth of all doctrines. The Baron von Palm was a well-known char acter in our Chicago life. It was not strange that lie adopted n Pagan belief. As Max Mul ,Lnu said of Gobthb, lie was “a grand old heathen.” llu moved about in tho roar and hustle and stir of oar busy streets without be ing a part of it. The modern rush of life never made any impression upon him. He drifted along on .the calm surface outside of the swift current, and contented himself with looking and wondering at It. He might have been Cheops’ Superintendent of Construction of the Pyramids or Chamberlain at tho Court of Cbfiihgnbs, so far iw any con nection with modem life Is concerned. He had traveled tho world over, hoard nil that won worth hearing, seen all that was worth seeing, sucked the orange dry and thrown the peel away, and lie was therefore content to return to first principles. A glass of Tokay and a free ticket to tho opera, mid he was never without either, expressed to him the max imum of earthly pleasure, provided tho Tokay was free from suspicion and the opera was good. There was, however, one slight link that con nected him with tho Present. There was a dash of the Harold Skimpolb In his eoniposi bltiun. Tho hint request ho made of tho writer was for the temporary loan of a dollar. It was a dull time for tho Tlieusoph. Ills favorite ven der of Tokay, who, like himself, was something of a pagan and more of a scholar, had solved the doctrine of Immortality ami settled tho strife of spirit and matter by blowing his brains out, so Unit there was no more good Tolaiy to he had. It was out of the opera season also, and all his favorite slnglng-htrds had flown oil to cooler spots. It was a dull, sad time for the Theosoph. If a dollar would have raised him to the maximum of earthly bliss, he must have been stony-hearted who would have refused It, more particularly os the Theosoph would have given his hist dollar to any one who hail asked for It. He hud participated hi the stirring times of the German Hovolutlon,hud served under King Ferdinand, hail waited upon royalty, had wan dered In far countries, hud been edu cated In diplomacy, hud lived with the Indians in tho Northwest, hud dabbled in silver mines, had made fortunes and lost them, knew the prlma donnas and all the danc ing hoiiris of the stage, would liave made an excellent Caliph of Bagdad and a still better Plato, and yet was quiet, unostentatious, affa ble, courteous, simple-minded, coming out of his shell only when the opera came, having tho good will of everybody, and a good word for everybody. And now tlio Baron von Palm has quit drink ing Tokay, and will liave no more opera unless perhaps the dead and gone, prlmu donnas arc still singing In tho Theosoph’s Heaven, wherev er that may be. Good Christian souls may shudder ut the thought that tho dead Baron was u Pagan; hut It Is at least better to die a good Pagan than a had Christian. So, God rest his soul. Whether Pagan or not, he died a gentleman, and that Is something worth accom plishing In this naughty world. It Is Intimated that his friends will cremate him, If they can ob tain permission from tho authorities. It would ho moro In keeping with his Egyptian belief. If they would make a blessed mummy of him, embalm him with spices, swathe him in lino linen, give him u scaruhams and u wisp of wheat, and then stand him up In some quiet place where ho would not bo disturbed by tho rush and din of modern life, to wait for Gaukiei.. It Is not very cheerful news to lovers of good music, the announcement that comes from Philadelphia to the effect that Thbodoiiu Thomas has hud to discontinue his concerts for luck of patronage, and that the musicians of his orchestra are on a strike for their pay. To those acquainted with the facts in the case, how* ever, the news will not bo unexjMJctcil. Mr. Thomas’ season In New York last year was a very disastrous one, owing to causes beyond his control. At Its close ho was in debt to his or chestra, but there was a Haltering prospect that the Philadelphia season would help him out. The reverse of this appears to ho the cose. It will he a sad calamity to music in this country If this failure shall result lu the disbandment of this splendid organisation and the retire ment of Mr. Thomas from the posi tion In which he has done such mag nlllccnt although thankless work for music, and It Is to he hoped that some of his friends will prove puhUc-splrltcd enough to avert such a disaster. It Is stated hi the sumo dispatch that Mr. Gilmoiib has secured the control of the music fur Fourth of July, and will repeat his Boston panjandrum with thousands of voices, anvils, cannons, bells, and musical sky-rockets. This is all well enough, but it is only for a day. Mr. Thomas was engaged lu u great work of musical education reaching Into the future. It will bo a thousand pities If that work shall stop. There Is nn avenue of escape, howevr-r Let Mr. Thomas patch up his troubles or thin them over In some manner until next fall u , then make Chicago his home. * ,J For a few days past, on the strength of a r*. port to that effect, there has been a lively hon* that Don Cambron would decline to accent tb. appointment of Secretary of War. But no* comes tbc unpleasant Intelligence Umt he bnj signified his acceptance. This leaves ua nothhn more to do than to how In obedience to the In serutable power behind the throne, and to print the following sketch of the new warrior J. Donai.t* Camkron. the new Hecretnryof Was Is the eldest son of Senator Simon Cambuon. nml iJ •ISyears nf nw-. though iiu looks much younger lIS Is a native or Harrisburg, n graduate of l’rinc,-if,n xm . ( .T p .’ *”“1 before he was 111 was Cashier of t>,« Middletown Hank. The hulk of Ids life was 111 I to business pursuits, railroad ami bank man ~.? incut being bis specialties. He has for a Ion" iin?.’ been President of tho Northern Control Ilnilr io i but left the position two yours ago when tho iVnn sylvanla Hall road sccurcda majority of (li<> hio'cu nndCol. Thomas A. Scott was chosen Preside,J In bis stead. He did not enter Into politics unto about ten years ago, at which time ho began to d, ! velop tho peculiar tactics of his father In tliu m , "nil Htnte ConviSlKS IIU .kill In muiilnul.llona of till, kind la more ,Ml Icatu and cultured than that of his father, lack nJ ns he docs, the senior Senator's hluntiiess ~i speech and brniqucncas »f manner. Ho has non! held a political olllcu. and never sought one until a few years ago, when Grant refused him t Treasury portfolio, thereby causing an cstruimol I"®"* which deep-sealed policy alone bus „1lc» partially enabled father and son to conceal. PERSONAL. Tho homo of Charles Feebler, the actor, has bee* condemned by the Sheriff of Buck* County, Pa. Alexander 11. Htcphoas la much Improved lo health, and hopes to ho entirely restored beforo cold weather comes again. Blanche Tucker Ims found a valuable protector and friend lu Mine. Adelina Patti, under whose d|. ruction she la studying the part of Somnambuia. Among tho Chicago pcoplo mentioned ns having cottages at Newport this summer ore K. N. Willard, N. J. Harney, Judge Hugh T. Dickey, and T. w Phlnney. ’ Mm. Belknap and her Utile daughter, the Wash. Ingtou QhronMt says. will leave that city In a few dnya, and pans the summer in some quiet villas wear Now York. Mr. Dana says: “ Brother Blaine may ns well hang up hIH fiddle." If ho does, ho will probably come down on the floor ami show the brethren how the dunce ought to be done. Irreverent paragraphed speak of Marshal Mac- Mahon an “the man who It) silent in seven lan. gauges.*' That account*! for his never havin'* found a woman worthy to marry him. " Charles Francis Adams refused an Invitation ta deliver n Centennial oration in Cooper Institute, New York, having already accepted a similar Invb tatlon from the Town of Taunton, Mass. Poole, tho famous English tailor, used lo say that the French and Americana were his best friends, because It Is only tho English aristocracy who feel that they can afford to wear old clothes. Julius Chambers’book, “A Mad World,” re. cently published In London, is tho record of a v«J. notary Incarceration In a lunatic asylum in New \ork. Thu book is prefaced by o complimentary letter from Charles Itcadc. Tho London Saturday Ileclew has another “high. Jinks” editorial, solemnly weighing the probabill. ty of the Uoptibllcanism of the United States boln( shaken by the conspicuous presence of the Emperoi of Brazil ul the opening of tho Centennial. Mr. lUchnrd Scudder, author of the Brozlllai wedding hoax, wua 100 royally Imaginative fur tin newspaper business. He had to go Into tho Meth odist ministry In order to get a wide enough tick for the exercise of Ids powers. The credit or thlt discovery is due to the sober-minded St. Louis J!<s jtnblkan. Kate Field writes homo that her first dress, or tho occasion of her debut, * ‘ was lovely white silk and roses,” and she soys further, “1 had three lovely bouquets sent me.” Everything seems u have been lovely. But wc fonr Miss Field has sunt something of her literary taste In her wild passim for hlstrlonlQ fame. The Cincinnati Commercial Is, or pretends to bo, disturbed In mind because lllchard Smith, whom it playfully cat la “Deacon,” attended a horse* rues ou Friday last. It la much to the credit of Mr. Smith that ho can attend horse-races and ul the samotlmc make as good 4fid purcanddlgnlllcda newspaper ns he does. M. D. Conway writes that he met George Crulk pJianh at n reception of the Urban flub, London. The artist is Hj years old.uml hits developed pceuj iarfllen. He pointed to one of Landseer's pictures and complacently remarked, “He pot tho idea from me; n and he Imagines that numerous other pictures wore similarly inspired by him. Tho New York Eun does not object to Hr. Hen* ncll'B keeping an African explorer, a four-In-hauil couch, and a mustang, but it is grieved to nee him “so wantonly throwing away his money on cablo dispatches that might as well have,been written In New York as in London." Tho charity which can pardon tho mustang ought to overlook tho other extravagances of youth. A well-known actress remarked, tho other day, that sho would have left the professions Anna Dickinson had sdccccded, because she would have lust all respect for a culling whoso highest position could bo reached at a stop. Nonsense I Tho “well-known actress " would probably have first endured, then pitied, then embraced Miss Dickin son, and Anally havu hated her intensely and beaten her out of tho Acid. Tho managers of tho St. Louis Base-Ball Glut have expelled McOcury, one of the players, who was convicted of purposely losing the Mutual gamo on last Saturday, In tho Interest of a crowd of gamblers. This action Is exactly right and highly commendable. Any doubt In regard to the Integrity of u base-ball club Is fatal to its ex istence, and a serious Injury to the whole profes sion. It Is much more essential to the preservation of this delightful and Innocent field-sport that it should be played honestly than that It should ha played well. Some personal reminiscences of Mr. Bloss, the well-known editor of the Cincinnati Enquirer, are furnished by that paper. At the time of the sad accident which resulted In his death, Mr. Bless had been connected with the J.'itQiilrsr twenty-four years. During (he lust few years of his service, lie was a privileged character, mid could write as little or as much editorial matter s§ he chose. IBs uncompromising honesty and independence often placed him in o position of antagonism to the policy of the paper, and the responsible editors were frequently obliged to cross out what he hud written after it hud been put In type, lie has been known to write an editorial lu direct opposi tion to one that hud appeared lu tho Enquirer a few hours before. Productions of this sort, of course, never saw tho light of day. Before hU matter bud been put in type, none of hit editorial associates could read it. There were Just four compositors in the office—known us Bloss* compositors—who could decipher his manuscript. Three of them have been working for tho Enquirer aver twenty years, and tho fourth eighteen years. Do was a man of largo Information, Intense vanity, lovable disposition, unwearied industry, and con vivial habits, without dignity or balance of mind, lie never traveled, and was never easy away from his desk. Once when ho hud bean almost ordered away for a vacation he returned at the expiration of three days, and, complaining of loneliness, was allowed to resume his work. Bloss was not mure than 6 feet 0 Inches in height, and scarculy ever reached ISO pounds in weight. He was 40 yean of ago. HOTEL AIHHVALS. Palmer Haute— Matthew Clark and George Rich mond, Scotland: A. U. Hall, England;!.. T. Grif fin. Detroit; William Sleedman and W. K. Ua** sell, England; Magnus Tanas and A. W. Gorans son. Sweden; J. 1). Gilbert, Stratford, Conn. ; W. U. Millcr.Sprlngflfld; I), liamsden,Fulton, N. Y. J Charles Scott, Trenton, N. J.; Tom Karl and Tagllaplctra, New York Grand Pacific—Henry Vincent, London, Eng.; Henry Kin. Buffalo;/. C. Spinner, Hudson, Wls.: Jacob Hambird. Cum berland. Md. ; Horace Williams, Iowa; Donald McDonald. Scotland: J. D. Morrill, Halifax; A. y. H. Carpenter, Milwaukee; Dr. A. M. Lorcgla, bun Francisco; Col. A. (’. Matthews, Springfield; Judge J. D. Miller, Des Moines; W. D. Richard son, Springfield; 1). M. Kelly, Wisconsin I'rt mont iloute— J. B. Illybeo ami A. M. Hamilton, Pittsburg; T, U. Malone, Fond du Lac; 11. W. Wells, Peoria; D. H. McKay, Boston; 11. G. Brookings, St. Louis; Charles G. Stiful, St. Louis; J. W. Chsroplln, Grand Rapids; the Hon. J. J. Sands, Wisconsin Sherman Haute— 'The Hon. P. M. Arthur, Cleve land: MaJ. Smith, V. S. A., Fort Smith, D. T.; the lion. J. 11. Jiotvc, Cllntoo; the Hon. J. 1L Young. Mattoon; T D. Mayer, New Orleans; Hto Hon. J. 11. Welder, Fort Wayne; the Hon. V. V. Cole, Des Moines; the Hon. Rugerslluhbsrd. New York; Col. A. U. Emmons, Salem, Mass.; V. S. HcrvvT, Loudon, Eng.; J. K. Kinney, Cin cinnati: K. B. Taylor, Brooklyn.... Gard ner J/onte O. W, Foote, Hackensack, N. J.; W. U. Williams, Memphis; H. 11. Allen, New York: George Baker, Syracuse, N. Y. s C. H. Gri bald, N. Y. ; 11. Faruumand A. P. Tltcomh, New York; K. F. Mason, Oshkosh; 11. L. Gay, Hawaii, S. l.: g, A. Scavcrm, Ocuaumowoc; E. B. Gray* ton, BUiaarck, D. T.

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