Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 3 Haziran 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 3 Haziran 1876 Page 4
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4 He TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. PATARI.R IN ADVANCE—POSTAGE PREPAID AT TIMS OmCE. Dally Edition. po»t|uiM, I year Part* of year nt tame rate. Mailed to any addreaa four week* Dir . fcwixlay Edition: Literary ond Uellßloua Double *•<** Tri-Weekly, r«>aipiil<l, 1 year I’aria of year at name rate. WKRKI.T BIUTIOM) POSTPAID. One copy, per year (luhof fire. |>crcnpy J*? 1 . 1 tiiihof twcnJy. per copy.,, 1 . The postage li is cent* it year, which wo will prepay* Specimen copies sent free. To prevent delay and mistakes, be sure and Rive Toil* address In full, Including state and County. Iteinlltanccs may be made either by draft, express, roifOfllcc order, or In registered letters, at our risk. TERMS TO CITY SURSCRIRBRS. D#lljr, dclifcrrd, Sunday cxcoptoil. a."> rent* per week. Holly. delivered, Sunday Included, SO cent* per week Addreu TIIK TIMUUNK COMPANY, Comer Madloon and Drarborn-»t*.. Chicago. 111. AMUSEMENTS. Ilnolry’n Tlirntre. Randolph Mrcet. I'Clwcrn Clark ami LaSalle. "Hole MkLei.’’ AfteniuoD and cventUK. New Ctiirneo Theatre. HarteMrcPt, between Randolph ami Lake. Doolcye* Mluitrcl*. Afternoon ami evening. Wood’s IHnnriiin, Monroe street between Dearborn and Slate. Frank K. Aiken In ••ThaTlckcl'Of-Leavo Man.” Afternoon ami evening. SATURDAY, JUNE a, 187 C. Greenbacks at tho Now York Gold Ex* change yesterday closed at 8B;J. Tho United States Court nt Now Orleans turned out its quota of crooked-whisky manipulators yesterday. Tho lot comprised ono revenue officer and five distillers, tho first of whom received a sentence of sixteen months’ imprisonment and a fine of SG,OOO, while tbo distillers woro allotted fines of SI,OOO and from six to sixteen months’ im prisonment. Tho parties will do penance in tho West Virginia Penitentiary. Next Tuesday will settle the fate of a largo number of the Chicago whisky-thieves who will then receive their sentences at the hands of Judge Blodgett, of tho United States District Court. Several will bo held over for future use os witnesses in trials yet to come, but tho remainder, Mr. A. G. Hesinq among tho number, will know next Tuesday all tho particulars concerning their respective places of sojourn in thu future. A ballot-box repeater in St Louis was yes* terdny sentenced to two years In tho Peni tentiary. Tho punishment falls upon a ne gro, who claims to be, and probably was, tho pictim of unrighteous persecution, but other repeaters, of Caucasian hue, aro under in indictmont for tho some offense, and, if tho Court of Appeals shall affirm this sentence, will Journey to Jefferson City with tho swart son of Afric, leaving a salutary terror in the hearts of their unjailud ilk. At St. Louis yesterday, after the list of conspirators bad received their light sen tences, District-Attorney Dyer announced that a very few days would wituessa clearing up of the whole business, and that Ins con nection with tho Government would thereof ter immediately cease. Mr. Dyer's record has been one of uncompromising fidelity to tho interests of the people against obstacles of gigantic character, and in a moral atmos phere noisome with corruption of every con ceivable kind. Just what was needed, and what came in tho nick of time, was tho heavy rainfall of Thursday evening of this week. Its extent was over a wide section of country, and its duration sufficient to thoroughly moisten tbo ground, which in many places had become po hard and dry that tho young growing crops were grievously in need of a liberal wetting. Reports from various parts of tbo West agree that tho big rain was a big bless ing, and that tbo farmers feel almost assured of an unusually lino crop. Thcro is no doubt that Homo very fast rail road running is being mado by tho special train on its way from Now York to San Fran cisco. In this respect tho trip moy bo phe nomenal, but since it seems to hove been un dertaken by a Now York theatrical manager for tho purpose of advertising his attraction, it may well bo doubted whether tho end jus tifies tho moans, and whether a final accom plishment of tho design will compensate for tho risk of human lifo incident to the run ning of an irregular train ot a break-ncck rate of speed for no higher or more impor tant purpose. Tbo Rev. Dr. William Stevens Perry, of Genova, has accepted thu lowa Episcopate to which ho was elected ft fuw days ago by tho Diocesan Convention. Dr. Perry is about 40 years of ago, a preacher of eminent ability and power, u man of extraordinary administrative capacity, and a Iligh-Church man of liberal, moderate, and conservative tendencies, lie will make lowa an excel lent Bishop no doubt, and prove indeed a Godsend to that bitter and distracted Dio cese. There is uo reason to doubt that tho consent of tho Htauding Committees will bo promptly given in, and it is expected that the consecration will take place in Septem ber next Judge Moore has refused the application of Mike Evans (who was not elected) for a quo warranto, inquiring by whot right Bernard Callaghan (who was oppointed by tho Town Board) assumes to act as Collect or. The refusal is based on tho ground that Mr. Callaghan has not yet so qualified as to be m actual possession of tho office, and that lu tho absence of a user by defendant, leave cannot bo granted to file tho desired informa tion. Evans' oouusol gave notice of appeal, it is just us well to lot the coho go this way ts any other. Judge Moore hud no occa lion to inquire into tho facts; but if it ihould ever come to trial on its merits there s no doubt that Mr. Oallauiian will retain lie office, ns Mike was not elected Collector, and knows it very well. It is a mighty >rassy piece of business for him after the ixposuru of tho ballot-box-stuffing villoiuy to ask for tha office. The Chicago produce markets were gener ally easier yesterday, with a fair business doing. The receipts continue large, with fa r shipments. Mess pork was 80<5y(J0e per brl lower, closing ut $17.00 cash and $18.05 &18.10 for July. Lard was 1f»@250 per 100 lbs lower, closing at $!0.77j®10.80 cash and $10.87j@10.90 for July. Meats were per lower, closing at Ogo for boxed sboalders, 9a fur do short ribs, and U|o for do abort clears. Lake freights wore moderately active and steady, at 2,0 for wheat to Buffalo. Roil freights were quiet and unchanged. Higbwines were firm, at SI.OO per gallon. Flour was in light demand and easier. Wheat declined Ijc, closing ot $1.02$ cosh and $1.03 for July. Corn was easier, closing at 4Hje cash Ami 41 |o for .Inly. Oats were cnsy, closing at 2? |ccnsh nml 2M;Jo for ♦lnly. Kyo was steady nt fiS(7fC9)c. Bar ley was steady and quiet, at fine cash. Iloga wore fairly active at 10(5>lfic decline, the bulk of the sales making at $0.00(2)0.10. Cattle wore dull and cosy, at s2.fiO(ff'fi.OO for inferi or to extra. Sheep were weak. One hun dred dollars ‘in gold uould buy $112.02) in greenbacks at the close. .113.« J Tom Scott, being pushed to tbo wall on tho question of plausibility, if not of actual veracity, and no doubt perceiving that tho Presidential jig is up anyhow so far ns Mr. Blainb is concerned, is disposed to clear bis own skirts, let tho mud ily upon whom it may. Col. Scott's friends claim that his testimony—that he received tho Little Bock Tort Smith bonds from Cai.tjwcll, and that Mr. Blaine was not connected with or benefited by the transaction—con easily bo reconciled with tho testimony of Mulligan and Fisher upon tho theory that Col. Scott traced tho bonds ns far back as be know, not being awaro of the fact that tbo bonds bad been forced back on Mr. Blaine's hands by his friends in Maine, whom ho had persuaded to invest in the worthless securities. It ia not o very dear showing for Col. Scott at the best, though probably the most that can ho dono under tho circumstances; but it significantly de notes a r.ciihsh determination on tho part of tho friends of tbo great railroader to desert a sinking ship and pull for dry land. The call for a meeting to organize a Bris tow Clnb in Chicago came nt a timo when tho public mind was ripo for such a move ment, and the result was a largo attendance last evening of prominent citizens. Tho Club was organized under the most flattering auspices, tho membership roll having re ceived a surprisingly long list of names, which will be augmented by bnndreds of others ns soon as an opportunity is afforded fur tho further enrollment of members. The officers of tho Club aro gentlemen of tho very highest standing in tho commu nity—gentlemen of brains aud character, and who will tltly represent and successfully utilize for tho aims and purposes of tho Club tho strong Bristow sentiment which un questionably prevails in Chicago. It was de cided to hold a grand Bristow moss meeting next Monday evening nt some suitable place to bo hereafter designated, aud thus afford the thousands of onti-machiuo Republicans in this city an opporlnnity to publicly proclaim their approval of tho movement to bccuto tho nomination of Buistow at Cincinnati on tho 14th inst Tho time is short in which to labor for tho grand result, but so was tbc time short in which tho great popular uprising came about which secured an honest and decent Government for Chi cago a few weeks ago. Other largo cities have organized effectively in aid of tbo Bristow movement, and tho representative metropolis of tbo Northwest will not bo found wanting. Chicago will bo hoard from next Monday night on tho side of honesty and capacity in tho National Government. MB. BLAINE AB A CANDIDATE. Do Kopublicaus give full weight to tho consequences upon tho success of tho Uo publican party which may result from the furious onslaughts upon tho personal and official record of Mr. Blaine? It should bo borne in mind that tbeso charges are not produced or presented by the Democratic party; they have been prepared in advance, and fortified with circumstantial evidence by tbo rivals, or tho friends of tho rivals, of Mr. Blaine, viz., Conklenq and Morton. They have succeeded in establishing tbo no longer deniable fact that for a long series of years, while Mr. Blaine has been in Congress and while Speaker, ho bos been on extensive dealer in thu various forms of wild-cat rail road investments, acting for himself, and for thu corporations, and for brokers. All this docs not involve criminality of conduct; but tbo fact of his selling those speculative bonds for speculators is attested by Lis own account of sales furnished in his own handwriting. There nro rumors that ad ditional scandals of tho samo general char actor are yet to bo produced. Wo have at all times had a high opinion of tho personal and political character of Mr. Blaine, and of his patriotism and intellectu al ability, and have considered him os eminent ly qualified for tho duties of tho Executive of ficc. But tho Republican party owcsndulyto the country. Wobclievothosucccssof tho Ro publicun party in tho present election of vital importance to all tho great interests of tho American people, and wo consider that tho party cannot jeopardize tho interests of tho country and its own success by nominat ing a candidate so overwhelmed with accusa tions preferred by Republicans, that from first to last tho party must act on tho defen sive as to tho personal integrity of its candi date. Tho country is extremely sensitive, and justly so, ns to tho interference of tho great railroad corporations with the legisla tion of Congress. Thcro are now before Congress, in various forms, applications for Governmental aid in tho form of grants of bonds amounting to several hundred millions of dollars, besides a permanent addition to the payments for interest. It is undeniable that all these railroad speculators regard Mr. Blaine's probable election with extreme fa vor, and their advocacy of him will have an immensely damaging effect upon pub lic sentiment. His record on this railroad subsidy business has already been extensively published by his Republican competitors. Uo entered Congress in Do ccmbor, JBC3. At that session thu Pacific Railroad King proposed tho great fraud by which tho security tho Government hold for its previous grants of $(11,000,000 of bonds with thirty years' interest was changed from u Jirat to a tecoml mortgage on the roads. Mr. Washburns, of Illinois, thoroughly ex posed this froud, and moved to strike out thu section making tho change. Mr. Blaine voted with the majority against striking out, and tho mortgage of tho United States, for principal and interest, amounting to over $100,000,000, became utterly value less. Sir. Blaine voted for tho bill and sup ported it. Tho Government granted 80,000,000 acres of loud to thu Northern Faeiflo Railroad Company, for which Mr. Blaine voted and worked to pass it On tho bill to grant $U0,000,000 of bonds to Jay Cooke’s North ern Pacific Railroad, when tho voto was taken, Mr. Blaine arose and said that ho was paired off in favor of tho scheme against Mr. Thouas, of Maryland, who, if present, would voto against it, and in that case ho would voto for it Tho bill was defeated through the powerful opposition of E. B. Wasuuurnb, John Wentworth, and J. !•'. Farnsworth, of Illinois, who looked upon it as a gigantic swindle on tho National Treas ury. Mr. Blaine has supported generally all thu proposed legislation asked for by tbo railroad companies, though during the six years bo served us Speaker his uamu docs not appear on tho lists of recorded votes, THE CHICAGO TItIISUNE; SATURDAY. JUNE 3, 1870-TWELVE PAGES. because Speakers ore only required to vole on a tie. We have faith in the integrity of Mr. Blaine, and his advocacy by Tom Scott docs not weaken our confidence in his personal honesty. But wo do not think the Repub lican party can afford to take any serious risks for tho mere sake of expressing confi dence in Mr. Blainr. Just imagine the character of tho canvass: Each Republican addressing tho pooplo will hnvo to toko up the six or oight scandals concerning Mr. Blaine and argue his innocence, using for that purpose tho affidavits of Jay Cooke. Tosi Scott, Joe Stewart, Caldwell, and all the railroad stock nml bond brokers in nil parts of tho United Slates, tc tho effect that no person named Blainr over was concerned in' railroad jobbing, or, if there was a Blaine, it was uot Mr. J. G. Blaine, The press would teem with all manner of articles, prepared And now used by Conklino and Morton’s friends, showing a long and continuous deal ing on his port in tho wild-cat, worthless, and questionable securities of speculative railroads. Believing that thoro is no Republican who is willing to risk tbo success of tho party, aud risk the transfer of tho wholo political power of tho Government in all Its branches, ami tho political control of a majority of tho Slates to tho Democratic party, for the moro sake of personal friendship to Mv/Blaine or any other man, wo suggest tho propriety of adopting tho policy which tho timo demands. The Republican party can only hopo for success, aud can hardly deserve success, un less it can satisfy tho people that it is able and willing to purify the administration of tho Government by weeding out tho dis honest and corrupt. It cannot satisfy tho people of this by resolution or platform. It must claim this confidence by naming as a candidate tbot roan whoso name alone will satisfy tho people of his ability, willingness, uonrage, and fearlessness to grapple with corruption in every form, and strangle it. Tho refusal to nominate such a candidate at this time will bo largely accepted as evidence that tho nomination of such a candidate wus defeated because of tho very reason which should have caused his nomination. ANOTHER MORAL INDICTMENT. Great and obvious truths that havo been permitted to pass out of mind ore often ren dered notably impressive when recalled in some sudden and unexpected manner, aud applied to a condition of things in which thoro is a vivid interest It is for this reason that tbo roost striking reflection contained in the report of tho late Grand Jury occurs in the following paragraph: Wc have had (ho fact painfully impressed on ns Unit, in Its dealings as a corporation, a Municipal Government Ik at preat disadvantage. In all tlic ordinary contract* between men and corporation*, ouch party ha* some one to represent It, to guard its intercut*. protect Its right*, and to secure to it common Justice. Thu railroad or oilier private corporation in all U* dealings lias tiic protection furnished by the vigilance of managers personally and pecuniarily interested in tho corporation. Tho municipal corporation ha* no such defense. It does not lack olllcors in number equal to any ser vice. Its eatary-list and pay-roll grow incessantly. It lias an oltlccr for every duty, anil now duties arc created that new nhices may ho provided. Rut as a rale the nCIco-holdcr does not consider it to be his duty to protect bis employer. Too often he adopts (he idea and acts upon it, that the pilndpal func tion of Government is to provide efticcs for men un able otherwise to earn a living. Thu evil theory does not stop here. It includes tho argument that ofllcc is an opportunity, and that no roan should neglect bis opportunities. In tho course of our in vestigations vve have found a vast number of per sons, drawing liberal salaries and allowances from the public, employed in ail manner of places of trust, and we have found but few who have be trayed any consciousness that they owe the least duty of patriotism to tho comity, and wo regret to say that wc have found many whose notions of ofll cisi duty arc .limited by their opportunities to en rich themselves at the public expanse. Herein is succinctly and forcibly stated a groat and important truth, which no ono will bo found to deny, but which all men are in tho habit of ignoring as if by com* moa consent All tho abases and plunder practiced upon tho people in thoir govern* mental capacity oro duo to tho growth of tho idea that public corporations nro grand elec* mosynary institutions for tho support of men who cannot make cs good a living in private business, and groat machines for turning out plunder to rings, cliques, and combinations. It is for tho tolerance of. this notion that tho people themselves aro to blame. They have permitted it to obtain almost universal recognition. They have sanctioned it by concealment and condone* meut for party purposes. They have en couraged llio Courts to sustain it by all the forms and technicalities of law. They havo submitted so long that resistance seems almost out of tho question, and local Government has come to bo little else than u magnificent oppor tunity for plunder, tolerated and excused be cause nobody in particular has boon robbed. Municipal Government ought realty bo noth ing a comprehensive police power, to which is delegated tho protection of life and property, the abatement of public nuisances, and the performance of those things necessary for tho public good which individuals cannot do for themselves. In stead of this idoo prevailing, which neces sarily makes the public officials subordinate and limits their authority, tho office-holders have become so numerous and powerful a class as to subordinnto tho whole people to their purposes, and to use tho public purse as thoir own. Public office is now generally regarded by the professional office-holders and office-seekers as a monopoly, carrying with it tho power, and hcnco tho privilege, of appropriating as much of tho public money for tboir own mp and that of thoir friends as tho resources of tho people cau possibly bo mode to yield. It is all con sumption and no production,—an ex travagant waste of tho substance of tho people without any return. Tho late Grand Jmy has demonstrated In the most practical and effectual manner how this notion has been applied in tho County Government 'The external evidence of its prevalence in tho City Government is equally convincing. It Is a mutter of almost common notoriety that tho city corporation bus been used for several years to support hundreds of men who were not needed, to conceive con tracts and bring forth jobs for tho exclusive benefit of the tax-caters,nmd in the aggregate to squander and misappropriate at least $1,600,000 annually more than tho nocessi ties end welfaroof tho people demand. When this scheme of plunder had gone on so long that people could no longer afford to pay their taxes, and the credit of tho city was ruined by the accumulation of au illegal debt, tho office-holders still persisted in holding their places and continuing their plunder in spite of tho popular protest at tho polls. And now they havo applied to the Courts to rein state them. Tho suit has boon brought in tho name of one Colvin, who claims the office of Mayor, but it is really brought in behalf of tho entire horde of tax-eaters, con tractors, and hangers-on, who havo been con suming nearly $2,000,000 annually over and above tho real cost of tho service done tho public. It is time that the Courts should take cognizance of this phaso of tho matter. When a vast gang of thoao public plunderers light for on extension of their opportunities, wo concoivo that tho will of tho people and tho rights of tho plundered should havomnro weight in a court of justice, silting in a land where all Government is supposed to bo by the people for the people, than any array of precedents or arbitrary construction of statutes. As in local Government, so this tolerance of fraud and apology for corruption aro tho most serious charges that threaten oar Gen eral Government and tho American system. The samo improvement of opportunities, tho same indulgence of greed, and tho snmo in difference to stealing from tho people ns a wholo, have permeated almost every branch of tho public service. Tho doctrine that It is no crime to rob tho Govern ment assorts itself nt primaries, in caucuses, and before conventions, ns well as in office. Every effort to obliterate Ibis doctrine aud punish tho professors thereof is mot with tho stubborn resistance of tho general class of office-holders, cx-offico-holders, ami office seekers. Wo speak of a class well known to tho community, and do not intend to include cer tain estimable gentlemen who have served tho public honestly and faithfully ; we rotor to tho rule, not the exception. It was this class that seized tho Springfield Convention and ignored tho Bristow sentiment of Illinois. It is tho samo class which now howls for “anybody to boat Bristow,’’ which sympathizes with tho Periolat crowd In Its indictment, and which hopes aud depends upon tho restoration of Colvin to tho office of Mayor. Tho some people aro in favor of tho nmno rule of plunder in national, State, county, and city politics, and they ore strik ing at tho very roots of all popular govern ment THE CENTENARY OF AMERICAN BANKING. Ono of tho features of (bo Centennial, briefly described by telegraph, was the open* ing on Decoration Day of the Cankers' Asso ciation Building on tho Centennial grounds. Tho chief interest of tho occasion attached to tho elaborate address of tho Hon. E. G., tho “ Father of tho Legal-Ten der," alias “ Old Greenbacks," who sketched tho progress of banking on this continent for tho past 100 years. At tho beginning there wero no banks, now there aro 007 State bonks; 2,218 Notional Banks, (U*G savings bonks, and 2,07'* private banks, making a total of 6,0150 banks and bankers. Mr. Sdauldino dwells on tho establishment of tho two United States Banks, ono in 1781, tho other in 1810, Tho former put tho immature finances of tho young nation on a firm foun dation; tho second restored tho prosperity w hich had been dissipated by tho failure in 1811 to renew tho charter of tho first bonk. President Jackson's bank war is described ond disapproved; tho panics tho country has suiTercd from aro ascribed to tho excessive speculations and debts of tho various eras. As would bo expected, tho bulk of Mr, Spaulding’s address was devoted to tho greenback introduced into our finances by an Kit of Congress drafted by him. Sir. Spaulding has always defended the Icgid londer as a necessity of tho War, but held and holds that it was a mcro temporary form of indebtedness, ond a currency that must bo got rid of at tho soonest possible moment. Tho great mistake of tho War, says Mr. Spaulding, “ greater than all other mistakes in tho management, n was tho abolition of tho right given by tho original Legal-Tender act to fund tho greenbacks in (» per cent gold bonds of tho United States. This abrogation, ho says, was a great in justice to tho holders of greenbacks, and 14 lot tho Government ond tho whole country, hanks and people, down into tho slough of an irredeemable paper currency, whore wo have remained eleven years." It was this backward stop that alone stood in the way of a self-acting return to specie-payments in at most two or throe years after tho War. This is tho path through which now to seek the restoration of tho specie standard. With free banking, and our ample annual production of gold and silver, the “ currency question " may bo safe ly left to toko caro of itself, while tho Gov ernment, regarding tho legal-tenders as a past-duo paper debt, provides for their pay ment by exchanging thorn for a bond running on long time and bearing a low rate of in terest. This is tho first stop to take to effectuate resumption or improve tho cur roucy. STOP BUILDING THE COURT-HOUSE I Among tho many excellent suggestions contained in tho report of tho late Grand Jury is ono which requires immediate and prompt action on tho part cf tho people. Wo refer to tho recommendation that tho people shall toko stops to arrest all further expenditures on tho construction of the Court-House until such time as public opin ion shall have produced a higher standard of olQcial morality and the County Government shall bo transferred to men having a higher sense of official duty. It is at ouco absurd and outrageous that this work should he per mitted to go on under the control and direc tion of men, some of whom'have connived at and all of whom have tolerated the wholesale and systematic frauds practiced upon the county for several years. In one sense it is a farce; in another almost a tragedy. If an individual or a, private business firm engaged in erecting a building to cost several millions of dollars should discover that its agents had been robbing it for years in other transactions, there is no doubt that it would suspend tho work immediately and postpone its continuance until other agents more com petent and trustworthy could bo secured. Tlio same policy should bo followed by tho people in their aggregate capacity. Tho necessity Is pressing. Tho County Hoard is hurrying up its contracts to anticipate tho popular protest Already it has under con sideration the contracts for the supply of stone and tho work of stone-cutting, which together will not fall short of a million of dollars. Wo believe it is tho intention to close the matter up within tho next ten days. Whatever is to bo done on behalf of tho peo ple must ho done quickly. As tho Grand Jury mode no specific rec ommendation as to tho course to pursue, wo would suggest that tho Citizens' Association, or sumo Individual citizen who will com* mand public confidence, shall apply to the Courts for an injunction restraining tho present Hoard of Commissioners from mak ing any further contracts on tho Court* llouso, on the brood ground that they have jfotfeitod the confidence of tho people, and thol there is ample reason to suspect that the public moneys will be wasted. They may go before the Court with the reports of tho two lost Grand Juries; with a showing that there has been constant fraud in nearly every branch of tho county service for yosrs; with tho fact that several of tho present Commissioners are under indictment for robbing the public; with prxma facie evidence Hint (boro wm fraud in tho letting of tho foundation contract 5 with proof (hot a responsible offer in made to do tho entiro work nt $2,100,000, for which nn oxpcnditnro of $3,C00,000 at tho very least is contemplated ; and with tho allegation that tho people can take no steps to purify tho Board by election before next fall. Wo should say on general principles that thin would mako 0 cano ntrong enough to justify on injunction on further contrnctn for tho present. Mr. succeeded in having a fraudulent contract for city scavenger work set aside by a similar process. That was a specific Instance, it in true ; but tho convic tion of fraud wan not moro certain than in tho cose of building a Court-House under tho supervision of tho very men who have assist ed and winked at tho iniquities exposed by tho lato Grand Jury. Another pressure may bo brought to boar, perhaps, by a resolution by tho Common Council to discontinue for the present all work on its portion of tho Court-House. It in nc4 probable that tho County Board will bo so bold and insolent as to .proceed alone under tho present condition of things, and these two movements together may constrain a majority of tho Commissioners to give some heed to public sentiment, and either nccopt tho proposition to build tho en tire structure nt tho cost of $2,100,- 000 or to suspend work and let no moro contracts for tho present. Hie people are entitled to some protection in this matter. Tho construction of tho Court-Houso will afford opportunities for fraud, by comparison with.which tho routine county stealing is insignificant. Tho venality of tho Board as a whole—by which wo mean tho power of tho majority—is no longer a matter of issue, and if there is any action in law or any assertion of public sentiment that can take tho Court-House out of tho hittids of tho Ring, certainly one million and probably two millions of tho public money may thereby bo saved withiq tho next two or three years. No effort should bo spared, therefore, to put tho recommend ation of tho Grand Jury into immediate operation. ENGLISH LAWYERS’ FEES AND MORAL SENSE. Tho lawyer, according to tho average pub lic notion in this country, isufcllow of quips ond quiddities, sharp enough to get any ras cal out of tbo meshes of tho law, defeat one’s creditors, and, through tho courts, enforce tho most unconscionable contracts. In short, ho is regarded by some people as tho person who will do whatever you wantdono that is so especially sharp and underhand that you have neither tho canning nor tho daring to try it yourself, and as tho person to whom that application may bo made with tho firm ossur auco that, If you pay him enough, ho will do it. Our Erie lawyers, ond Tammany thief lawyers, and distinguished counsel in cases for claims against tho Government, have by their sharp practice naturally led tho public to that opinion of tho profession generally. In England it is otherwise, as wo gather from tho late debate in Parliament on tho •‘Barristers’ Foes bill." There they boast that under tho English system of jurisprudence tho borristor is a disinterested officer of tho court, who, without fee or reward, champi ons tho enuso of his client from pure love of justice. So it is by their common law, dat ing back from time whereof the memory of man runneth not to tho contrary. Of course this is as preposterous a legal fiction ns is John Dob or RioiiAim Rob or any of tho other antiquated fictions of tho common law. But It is tho low ; and by law of all Her Majesty's subjects tho barristers alone at all times are ready to servo their follow-mcn without price, and stand around waiting their opportunity to ploy tho good Samari tan in and about Westminster. Such, ac cording to law, is the fact. In foot, howev er, tho woyfaror who has fallen among thieves, ond everybody else who needs tho services of these good Samaritans, has to pay roundly for tho same. But in English law tho fee is simply a gift,—a trilling testimoni al of esteem, “ honorarium " —tho acceptance of which does not place tho barrister under any legal obligation to attend to his client’s cause, nor render him liable for misman agement or neglect of it. In truth, then, tho barrister is a lawyer who can pocket all tho fees ho can got without being boand by law to render tho services for which ho is food. As tho debate disclosed, tho London barris ters habitually take advantage of this state of the law to accept fees in u number of coses that may come on to bo heard on tho same day before different Judges, so that tho bar rister bos to neglect all but ono of thorn, as he must have known ho would have to do when ho accepted tho fees. Tho “Barristers' iFoos bill " met this evil by providing for legalizing tho fee-charge, ond making tho barrister liable for faithful performance of his duties when feed. When tho bill was brought forword, tho Bar, os rep resented in Parliament, uprose ond protested against this innovation. In behalf of tho barrister it was solemnly urged that to moke him legally liable for ottemling to t}io cases ho was feed to attend to “would put such a strain upon his moral sense" as would quite incapacitate him for the discharge of his duty aforesaid. Parliament, with a nice regard for tho moral sense of tho Bsr, profoundly pondered tho conundrum: Would that lofty morol sense which sustained barristers in pocket ing their clients' fees, with a delicious sense of irresponsibility for neglect or misconduct of tho clicnta’ cases, break down utterly if barristers wore made legally responsible, like other mortals, for performance of their con tracts? Besides, pathetic appeal was made to savo tho independence of tho Bar, without which it would be hopelessly degraded,—that independence consisting in freedom from all responsibility for neglect of tho business for which their clients paid them. It would bo all well enough, argued tho President of tho Incorporated Law Society, to give counsel a right to sue for their foes, hut never would it do to degrade them by making them liable to refund their fees and pay damages besides for neglect of their clients' business. Tho result of it all was that Parliament discov ered that tho moral souso of tho profession was so delicate that it would giro way under the strain that would bo imposed by on act making them liable for broach of their con tracts ; that, to save tho barristers from degradation, they must be left freo to break their contracts with impunity after having pocketed their fees; and tho bill was de feated by au overwhelming majority. Tho wholo goes to show how superior, with this singular moral sense of his, is tho English barrister to our Brio lawyers; and how to preserve that high moral sense Parliament will on no consideration interfere with the license the English law extends to tho bar rister to cheat and plunder his clients, since such interference would deprive tho barrister of bis proud independence. And yet the English press will doubtless continue to lee* turn ns on tlio low morality of lawyers on (bin side tho water. THE HANDINESS OF A HAREM. Tho suddenness, swiftness, and porfoet ease with which Turkey changed micro Inst Monday suggest some points of tho govern ing system in which the lusty Turk has tho advantage of tho American voter. As ono looks forward through the dust and smoko of the pending conflict to tho election of next November, atid looks back and remem bers that this hurly-burly began lost Novem ber, 2b excites a fooling of envy that the Turk in ono day can accomplish what it takes us a whole year to do, and with infin itely less trouble end more satisfaction. In ono rcepcct tho Turk has tho advantage of us. 110 always has n stock of Sultans on hand, ready made, and all of an approved pattern. The seraglio is a State institution, devoted to tho purpose of brooding young Sultans. If tho Turk becomes dissatisfied with a Sultan, ho requests him to stop down and out, goes to tho pen amt selects another, and puts him on tho thronu. This bo did last Monday. If tho present Sultan proves unsatisfactory, ho will throw him over and take another. Tho pen is always full, for tho Turk Is indus trious in the manufacture of Sultans. Wo pre sume thorn are people so straight-lnccd in thoir notions of propriety, and so bred in tho conventionalities of morality, that thoy would object to a seraglio at Washington or elsewhere where a perpetual stock of young Presidents might bo kept, bom, and bred to tho business and manufactured to order. So long as those unreasonable people object to tho organization of an American seraglio, in which only tho fittest would survive, tho poor stuff being bow-stnuNg, bnggod, and thrown into tho Potomac, wo shall havo to mako Presidents in tho long, tedious, and costly American way, rather than by tho handy Turkish process. But, waiving tho moralities, see what inestimable advantages thu Turk has. If ho wants a now Sultan, all he has to do is to go to tho pen and tako ouu, and notify tho other Powers. If tho new ono fails to please, ho throws him ov£r mid gets another, and so on, until ho is at Inst suited. Wo make a President, after in linito trouble got him into tho White-House, and then, oven if ho doesn’t suit, aro obliged to keep him four long years anyway. Again, tho Turk gets his new Sultan without tho slightest trouble, expense, or money. 110 has no nominating conventions to ma nipulate, no caucuses to pack, no delegates to buy, no Stoto Conventions to stuff, no newspapers to pension or purchase. Ho does not havo to count votes or stuff ballot-boxes, or stand in a lino to voto between a highly intoxicated bummer and a highly-scented loafer. His stock of ready-made Sultans saves him millions of dollars. AH Turkey is not kept in a row and uproar for a whole year. Eminent Turkish citizens are not in vestigated by other eminent Turkish citi zens for stealing mules or dealing in bonds in order to prevent them from becoming Buttons, nor do respectable cit izens of Constantinople, suspected of want ing to be Sultans, wnko up in the morning and discover to tbeir horror that their grandmothers took in washing, that their grandfathers were suspected of grand larceny, and that a fourteenth cousm was known to havo stolon pennies from a blind organ-grinder. Tho Turk is saved all tho trouble of being patriotic through u whole year. 110 docs not have to listen to Barney Oaurfields or Carter Harrisons, join the Wide-Awakes, carry torchlights, or bo tho last man in a procession of patriots. Better than all, ho does not huvo to wave his Crescent flag or make an oaglo scream. 110 is spared all tho trouble of being patriotic, and can alt cross-legged at his ease, smoking his chibouquo-serenely, knowing that his harem is well-stocked with promising young Sultans. Moralists may prate of tho hein ousucss of tho harem, but it is handy to havo in tho bouse, uovertlielns, and saves tho wear and tear of patriotic politics, which makes such an immense de mand upon tho American people in tho shape of Star-Spangled Banners, stuffed ballot-boxes, corrupt rings, firo-craokcra, stump speeches, birds of freedom, personal investigations, boss drums, humbug, bun combo, and bosh for twelve long months, which are necessary'to elevate John Smith to tho highest office in tho gift of tho nation, and provide for his wife's relations. In nil these respects, however much wo may howl against his harem, tho effete Turk has tho advantage of us. Wo waste our time and our temper, throw away thousands of dol lurs, get our backs up to an unnecessary de gree, in our desperate efforts to save tho country, when all this trouble might bo spared were it not for purely conventional notions of morality, by the establishment of a seraglio, kept woll-stockcd with Presidents. Wo invito tho attention of Ilopnblicana to tho following Hut of Stntea ntul their elec toral votca: UUmtUCAH STATUS. I DEMOCRATIC STATUS. Volet. Volet. .. 8 Alabama 10 ~ Sl'Arknn><nrt 0 .. ll;Cnllfornln U .. ft,Connecticut 0 .. TDelnwure 0 .. l.’tl Kluriil.a 4 .. UlUeupgla 11 .. ftKenliichy 12 .. BjLoulHnnu H .. ft .Maryland 8 22 MUalnulptil 8 .. 21> Missouri 15 .. 4 Nevada 8 .. 7 Nin th Carolina io .. ft Oregon 8 .. lO.Tcmu.'j'Bvo 12 _ Texat H •lUO Virginia 11 Weal Virginia 3 Colorado Illinois town Kansas Maine Massachusetts.. Michigan Mhinneanta Nebraska New Hampshire. Ohio Pennsylvania.... libnile Island.... South Carolina.. Vermont \V Iscuneln Total | Total, norurrm. «tatb». U New York, New Jersey, Indiana I Total, IIKOAPITIILATIUN. Whole number of votes Necessary to a choice Itepiildlcan Hiatus Democratic States Debatable States Which of the States named in the Demo cratic list can any Republican claim for either Conslino, Morton, or Blainb? Which of the States iu the Republican lint can the Ro publicnus afford to lose ? What Republican is willing to take the risk of running a candi date, already denounced by Republicans as a railroad jobber, in the States of Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota, or even in Ohio, when the public sentiment is strong and vigorous against railroad influence iu the Government, and against monopolies and corruption in any form ? To elect any Re publican candidate, ho must carry all the Re publican States, and must get thirty-four votes from the debatable States. We cite these figures to show that the circumstances of the campaign do not admit of taking any risks. It is not a time to carry on a defo n sivo campaign, and there is no precedent for the election of a candidate who was put on the defensive. Success con only bo accom plished by an aggressive canvass, and with Mr. Blaine the Republican party can do nothing but explain and defend accusations made against the candidate by leading mom bersof their own party. The Democratic party evidently Ims determined to Ignore th« Bng-Unby, nml tho canvass In to bo upon tho inane of reform in tho mlmhilfitro. tlon of tho Government, Tho candidate will ho Tildf.n, or & candidate named by him &« Bayard or Thurman,— men having nna&sait. oblo personal reputations, and whoso dec. lion will give assurance that dishonesty and speculation will havo no recognition in tbi Executive branch of tho Government. Witfe such an opponent needing no vindication, can tho Republican party afford to run a n« p . didoto whoso personal and official rectltadi will roquiro a defense at ovory cross-roads In tho laud ? It is dawning upon tho Democratic man. agora in Indiana ttiat this is not a good ycai In which to run for tbo Supremo Court tho renominated Judges, who, as appears by tho court records, havo availed themselves of their office to have thoir household fumituro and family washing charged to the State and paid for os court expenses. There wore too many chambcr-sols, and pillows, and spring, mattresses, and stylish bedsteads, too much shouting and blankets, and too many rose, wood sofas and tbo like, required to enable tho Court, while those renominated Judges sat upon tho Bench, to administer justice. lloucstQrmigcrDemocrats, who never owned a curled-hair mattress in their lives, it is feared, cannot bo made to comprehend that, without a supply of curled-hair mattresses sufficient to equip a good-sized hotel, it was altogether impossible for tho learned Domo. cratio Judges who have been renominated to decide knotty points of law. Tho mouagors have arrived, indeed, at a lively consciousness of tho fact that it cannot ho made 'plain to tho average Indiana voter why tho • old law yers, who comprise tho Judges of that Court and are tho Democratic nominees for re election, couldn’t discharge tho duties of thoir high ofiioo without tho aid of hundreds of yards of carpeting and sheeting, and of marble-topped bureaus, and lace curtains, and spriug-bottom mahogany beddeads, and tho like, besides having their family wash-bill paid out of the Treasury, tho whole “ court expenses " footing up Or dinarily tho great Democratic party of Indi ana might have essayed to carry these pick pocket Judges on tho ticket for tho highest judicial office in the State. But that is felt to bo too hazardous &u undertaking for this year of tho Presidential canvass. Partial larly is it felt too perilous nt this time, for *tho Democratic managers, who in and out of Congress, are engaged in the business of investigating after Republican corruption, to persist in running these self-convicted pilfering Judges, who wore nominated after thoir thievery was exposed. So, with many twinges of regret, tho renominated Dome cratio judicial pluudcrcrs are, it is under stood, to bo thrust off tho- ticket to escape tho overwhelming defeat that else would bo in store for them nt tho polls. It grows worse for Speaker Ketir, and there is more of it as the investigation into the appointment of Greek, of Now York, progresses. Lawrence Harney, the witness who it was exultantly proclaimed by Kerr'i partisans had convicted himself of perjury by running away, very much to their dis comfiture appeared before the Committee yesterday, and, on most searching cross examination, repeated, without material va riation, his original testimony that ho paid Kerr $t. p »0 us the price of Greek’s appoint ment. The cross-examination by Kerr's counsel wau protracted and rigorous, but did not shako Harney’s testimony. The attempt to connect him with the anonymous letter to Kerr failed. Had it succeeded, it would have availed nothing in Kerr’s behalf. The question at issue is not whether Harney wroto an anonymous letter, but whether Kerr accepted from Harney a bribe, as Har ney testifies, for appointing Green. The peculiar circumstance about it is, that with all tho time that has elapsed iu which Mr. Kerr has had opportunity to prepare his defense, ho has not explained why ho wont outside his own district and State to confer this much-sought appoint ment upon young Green, of Now York, who unquestionably paid for it If Mr. Kerr didn't got tho money, then what was it that induced Mr. Kerr to give tho appointment to Green, who was a stranger? If lha transaction was wholly innocent, it ought to ho very easy for Mr. Kerr to explain what induced him to appoint Green. Nobody w going to bo so verdant as to suppose that Kerr thoughtlessly throw away such a valu able piece of patronage upon a mere strange* from another State without some strong in ducement That need not have been cor rupt, But, if it was innocent, why does not Mr. Kerr show what it was? The longer ho delays it, tho stronger will ho lha conviction that ho cannot offer such vindica tion because Harney toils tbo truth. Wo desire to direct attention to a letter wo print this morning from Maine. It cornea from a gentleman, a loading llopublican of tho State, who knows whoroof ho speaks, and who la. in ovory way worthy of conll* denco. It concerns tho status of Mr.*BLAiNU in his own State, and sets forth somo very striking evidences of his lack of popularity among his own people. Tho purpart is that Mr. Blaine has Leon running tho State ol Maine, politically, for several years; that his arbitrary conduct as Chairman of the Bcpubliean State Committee has alienated thousands of Itepublieans from him; that ho hoisted old woru-out Hannibal Hamlin back into tho Senate in opposition to two. thirds of the llopublican voters in that State; and that, finally, tho September election in Maine will probably show a decreased ma jority in that State in case Blaine be nominated at Cincinnati. In support ol this prediction It may bo cited that Gen. Connob, though personally popular, wai elected Governor last fall by the smallest majority in tho Btato since 18(32 j by G,00( less than in 1874, the year of llopublican dls aster ; and by 11,000 loss than tho avorog* majority of tho last twelvo years. Yet it wa> in tho largest vote over pollod in Maino. It was a protest against tho Blaine rule, which had dictated Connou's nomination. It is broadly asserted that, in Maine and all Now England, Mr. Blaine would bo the weakest candidate whom tho Bopublicans could nom inate, notwitlistanding tb* success of tho politicians la getting him delegates, and that Buihtow would command tho vole of every man in New England who has over voted tho llcpublican ticket. This letter was written before tho recent disastrous revelation# against Blaine, which will only intensify the New England opposition to him among tho people. The worst fears of Blaine's friends avo realized. Ho has refused to let the Investi gating Committee see the contents of these fatal letters. *He confidentially submit'.**] the letters to the inspection of Jesuit BlaoiC, Democratic lobby lawyer, and Matt Oab- I'KNTSB, Whisky-Riugaltorney, and both, aflei examining the letters, advise him to throf

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