Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 4, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 4, 1876 Page 4
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4 He TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. PAYABLE IN ADVANCE—POSTAGE PREPAID AT THIS OFFICE. Dally Edition, Postpaid, 1year...... Parts of year at same rate. Mailed to any address four weeks f0r—......... Sunday Edition: Literary and Religious Double Sheet..... - Tri-Weekly, postpaid, l year. 6.50 Parts of year at same rate. •WEEKLY EDITION, POSTPAID. One copy, per year. 51*50 Club of five, percopy I*3o Club of twenty, per copy. 1.15 The postage la IS cents a year, which we will prepay. Specimen copies sent free. To prevent delay and mistakes, he tore and give Post- Often address in full. Including State and County. Remittances may he made either by draft, express, Pofl-Office order, or In registered letters, at our risk. TERMS TO CITY SUBSCRIBERS. Dally, delivered, Sunday excepted, 25 cents per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included, 30 cents per week Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Madison and Dearbom-sta.. Chicago, HL SOCIETY MEETINGS. fOIIT DEARBORN LODGE SO 214 L O. O. P.—All niciijbcrearuearuertljr reqoe*ted to be present at tno tv. \t meeting, Tuesday, June 6, for election of officers tml other business of the utmost Importance to the or- H. W. LOVEDAT. Secretary. TO THE MEMBERS OF BRICKLAYERS’ UNION No. 2 OF ILLINOIS— Notice Is hereby given that the regular meeting night has been changed from Tuesday Xu Saturday night- By order of the Committee. Next meeting June 10. MASONIC—LAFAYETTE CHAPTER. NO. &B. A. M.—Hall, 72Monroc*Ht. Special Convocation Mouday evening. Junes. atSo-clocV^o^ofge^^ ATTENTION, SIR KNIGHTS—STATED CONCLAVE of Chicago Commandery. No. 19. K. T., Monday even ing. Junes, at 7:30. for business of Importance. A full attendance Is desired. By order of the E. C. chas. j. TROWBRIDGE, Recorder. APOLLO COMMAKDERT OF KNIGHTS TEMP lar—There will be a Stated Conclave at the Asylum. 76 Monroc-tt., on Tuesday evening. June 6, at 8 o'clock. Business—General amendment to by-laws and con ferring the Illustrious Order of the Red Cross. Sir Kuighu courteously Invited. B. J. PATRICK, Recorder. MASONIC—CHICAGO CHAPTER No. 127, R. A. M —liepular Convocation Wednesday evening. Jane 7. Work on M. M. Degree. Visiting companions cordially invited. By Oder of G. M. HOLMES, M. £. H. P. SUNDAY, JUNE 4, 1876. At the New York Gold Exchange on Satur day greenbacks were worth 88|@88£ cents on the dollar. The Mayoralty contest will be settled to morrow by decision of the Circuit Court, by which both Messrs. Hoxke and Colvin have agreed to abide. The opinion will be tendered, it is understood, by Judge Mo Alubzeb, and by each side is claimed will be in its favor. • The sentence of the convicted members of the Chicago 'Whisky Ring was yesterday again deferred by Judge Blodgett of the United States Court The order was made on application of counsel for Wadswobtb and Cullebton, who upon their own trials desire to call as their witnesses the par ties convicted, of whose testimony they asked they might not be deprived by the entering of sentence on Wednesday next, as bad been fixed by the Court Meanwhile the parties convicted will remain at large upon bait Yesterday, as will be seen from the report published in another column, was estab lished the first organization in Chicago of the Knights of the Order of the Sun, —which Order, possibly, may bear a prominent part in affairs at an early day. The Order, which originated in Nevada, and is being rapidly extended throughout the country, is designed to resist the threatened encroachment of the Papal power in the United States. Prom the fact that it is officered by Lieutenant, Major, and Brigadier-Generals, etc., it would seem to be a organization. Sir. Blaine's strongest friends pressed him yesterday to rise in his place make a personal explanation, and have the captured letters read in open session of the House. But he refused to do it, for reasons best known to himself. However he may manage to get out of this trouble, it is perfect non sense to talk now of mairing him the Repub lican candidate for President The party cannot afford to be placed on the defensive, and go through the campaign explaining, denying, and defending the wild-cat railroad stock speculations of anybody. Mr. Blaine is smart enough to see that he would be dis astrously beaten and his party probably ruined. The export movement of grain from the United States to Europe is now unusually active. From New York alone 1,186,000 bushels of wheat were forwarded during the past week. Extraordinarily cheap freight rates in the interior form a powerful induce ment to European buyers to take bold, but they would not buy the grain if they did not want it. There is a demand for large quan* titles of breads tuffs to meet current deficien cies. This fact justifies the anticipation ex pressed in our issue of April 19, at a time when the bearish feeling was so rampant in this country that even the farmers* papers found it difficult to preach courage to their constituents. An old citizen of Chicago, in writing to us to commend the suggestion that immediate steps be taken to arrest work on the new Court-House so long as it is under the con trol of the present County Ring, says that Hogan, the “ County Plumber," is now offer ing to bet SIOO to $1 that he will got the plumbing contract in that building. The same correspondent also calls our attention to the assertion that Hogan had the contract for plumbing the east wing of the old Court- House, and that, while the contract price was $5,000, ho put in a bill of extras for $45,000, which waa paid. There is little doubt that Hogan will get the contract, if the work goes on under the present regime, and just as tittle doubt that he will again draw about seven times as much as he ought to have for it Anothhr reason for stopping the work. The Ttlden men are evidently recovering from the demoralization into -which they were thrown a fortnight ago by the threats of the rag-baby Democracy, led by the Gin cinnati Bepudiationist, alias Enquirer , to bolt in event of Tlldzs’s nomination at St Louis. His adherents seem now disposed to show fight instead of quailing before the rag-baby crowd, and he is again looming up as the most prominent candidate on the Democratic side. The late Conventions have given him the delegations from lowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Californio, Vermont, and the majority of that from Missouri, while that from Michigan is understand to lean strongly in his favor; and in the same time Hekdbices has secured the delegation only of a single State, Tennessee. Except for the two-thirds rule, Tildkn would be sure of the nomination at St. Louis, as the matter now stands. Manifestly he does not mean to relinguish his prospects without a bitter struggle, and, as manifestly, the rag money Democrats are going to St Louis pre pared to oppose him to the utmost It is significant, too, that his organs in New York have plucked up spirit to go for Ebastus Cobnino, and the rest who in that State are hostile to Ttuden, in the liveliest fashion. If Tilden were a bona fid* reformer of the plucky sort, he would be quite sure of dis tancing bis competitors at St. Louis. It is true that he is put forward as such, which gives him what strength he has. But it is not forgotten, and WnxiAM G. Faboo and other of his associates among the New York Democracy have lately found occasion to re call, thflt Tildes stuck to Tweed until Tweed’s fortunes began to wane, and that Tildek deferred his attack upon the Canal King until that was breaking down under weight of its own infamy,—the which goes to show that his capital as a great reformer is rather slender. .$13.00 The latest peril that confronts ns in our homes is the beef-poison, lurking in the pressed corned beef on the lunch-table. Numerous and mysterious cases of poisoning in New York and Boston have lately been traced to it, and, as will be seen from the re ports which will be found in another column, several cases of beef-poisoning have already occurred in this city. The poison, it appears, has been detected only in pressed -corned beef. It is supposed to have generated there because of the fact that the meat was pressed before it had cooled after being boiled, so that it was not wholly freed of air. Fermentation and decomposition consequent ly ensued, developing a most dangerous virus. The Chicago produce markets were steadier Saturday, with less doing, except in wheat and com. Mess pork declined 15c per brl, closing at for June and §17.95 for July. Lard declined 7s@loc per 100 tbs, ringing ot §10.77@10.72£ cash and §IO.BO for July. Meats were firmer, at 6|c for boxed shoulders, 9|c for do short ribs, and 94c for do short clears. TaVa freights were moderately active and easier, at- 2£c for wheat to Buffalo. Rail freights were quiet and unchanged: High wines were firing at §1.09 per gallon. Flour was in light demand and steady. Wheat advanced l@ljc, closing at §1.04 for June and $1.04} for July. Com was £@|c lower, closing at 43Ac for June and 435@44c for July, Oats were higher, closing at June and 28£c for July. Eye was steady at GBAc. Barley sold at 57c for June, and the lower grades were firmer. Hogs were quiet and weak at Friday's de cline, common to prime selling at §5.90@6.10. Cattle were in moderate local and shipping demand at about steady figures. Sheep were dull at $3.50@5.25 for common to choice. One hundred dollars in gold would buy §112.50 in greenbacks at the close. There is one significant circumstance eon* neefcedwith the mention of Mr. Blaine’s name os a candidate before the Cincinnati Convention which may now be noted with propriety. It is a fact that, while Mr. Blaine at the first and up to the time his reputation was tarnished with unbecoming stock trans actions while Speaker of the House, was re garded with favor by a large number of citi zens in the Western and Now England States, his name has always been received in sullen silence by the great mass of German voters. A few German politicians identified with the machine have declared for him, as they would for anybody else in the interest of the machine ; but there has been no expression from the moss of German voters which could be construed as indicating even con* fidence, and certainly not enthusiasm, in Blaine as a Presidential candidate. As it is no longer likely that Mr. Blaine will be a prominent candidate before the Cincinnati Convention, this may be stated now without prejudice to him, but as one of many circum stances which tend to convince thinking Re publicans that it will be possible to find a much stronger candidate than Blaine would have been, even if he had not placed him self in so unfortunate a position in regard to his railroad-stock operations. THE DEMAND OF THE CAMPAIGN. The Chicago Thibcto has displeased some honest bat unreflecting Republicans by speaking frankly as to the circumstances of the campaign. We have told the Repub lican party that a nomination by the Cincin nati Convention will not of itself be equiva lent to an election, by any means. With the vote of New York added to the South, the Democratic candidate will be elected. The same condition of circumstances that will in duce New York to vote for the Democratic candidate will have a like controlling influ ence in several other States. The vote of Ohio, of Wisconsin, and Indiana, all doubt ful, are essential to the success of the Re publican candidate. In short, the Repub lican candidate must cany all the Republic an and also all the debatable States to moke his election certain. For stating this notori ous and self-evident fact, the machine poll ticians have denounced TheTbibune. We have also been censnred because we have stated that the grand issue of this Presiden tial election, forced by the most extraor dinary developments, will be the reform and purification of the Governmental service. The criminal supremacy in all divisions of government, down to County Commissioners and Boards of Trustees in rural villages, is painfully impressedupon the knowledge of the people. Corruption, bribery, blackmail, dis honesty, and falsehood seem to be inseparable from official life as now practiced; and the hon est people are inrevolt against the intolerable abuse. Party conventions may frame what ever issues they please, but they cannot change the one of which the people have tak en jurisdiction, and on which they intend to give judgment, and that is the purification of the Governmental service. This work must begin at Washington. It must start from the Executive ante-chamber and penetrate eveiy department, extending into all branches of the national service. There can be no purifica tion of local governments, or of commercial and financial institutions, so long as the civil service of the National Government offers the highest honors and largest pecuniar}’ re wards to the graduates and more advanced students of bribery, and robbery, and general official dishonesty. So long as the National civil service is made the refuge for thoincom petency and dishonesty that can find no recog nition in private or commercial life, it is use less to expect to reform or purify local gov ernments, or to raise the standard in business occupations. Under these circumstances, the country at this time will look to the candidates as af fording the best and most certain guarantee of a thorough change in the civil adminis tration of the Government; and which ever party will, in the person of its candidate, offer the best assurances on this subject will* elect its President and obtain possession and control of all branches of the Government This may be unpalatable to machine poli ticians, but the fact remains the same, and should not be ignored. The Republicans of Illinois have no “ fa vorite son ”to embarrass their choice. They THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, JUNE 4, 1876-SIXTEEN PAGES have but one end to accomplish, and that is the preservation of Republican ascendency in the Government for the sake of the country. They are, therefore, free to select that man whose nomination will give the country the best assurance thatif elected the civil service will bo thoroughly reformed and regenerated. The Republican party, to secure success, must deserve it. The reverses Of the last few years have been wholesome warnings, and these warnings have received additional significance from the exposure of the whole sale and wide-spread corruption which has prevailed in Congress, in Cabinet offices, and in all the minor branches of the service, in cluding the whole Revenue Department. Benjamin H. Bbistow is, of all those yet named prominently for the nomination, the ablest, best, and, under all the circumstances, the most available candidate. He comes from a family whose anti-slavery principles date back several generations. He comes from a family that dared to be Abolitionists and Emancipationists in Kentucky when Slavery was dictator in American politics. He was a Union man before and a Union soldier during the War; he was an Emanci pationist in the Legislature when ho almost stood alone. He is a man of thorough educa tion, and of rare intellectual ability. Ho is in the prime of life, a practical business man, an able lawyer, and on honest man. He hod the courage and the old-fashioned honesty, when he discovered fraud and cor ruption in the Custom-Houses, to lay the heavy hand of the law upon the criminals, to break up smuggling, and to punish the guilty. In like manner, with no prompting save that of duty, he unearthed the great revenue frauds which have added largely to the inmates of the public prisons and plant ed a colony of American office-holders in Canada. There is nothing in common between Mr. Bnisrow and the old Rebel sentiment at the South; bat his personal integrity and his high courage commend him as strongly in that section as in any other, and he is the only man who can be nominated around whom in the late slave-holding States there will rally a Republican organization embrac ing a considerable portion of the white na tive population who are now forced into an intimate aliance with the Democratic party. His nomination is the only one which holds out the least promise of a strong, vigor ous, and healthy white Republican party in the Southern States, which, when once or ganized, will become the protector and the intelligent guide of the negro population, now hopelessly adrift. v There is not a Republican State in which Mr. Bbistow will not be stronger than either Mobton or CoNELEiO. In the States of Ohio and Indiana he will be irresistible, while in New Jersey and Connecticut, and in New Nork, the whole mass who are so clamorous for Governmental service reform will so swell his vote that he can defeat any opponent who may be nominated. If the Republicans of Illinois want a man who can certainly be elected, because he fills the measure of popular demand, our advice is that now, that Mr. Blaine has seemingly dropped out, they unite upon Bbistow. All ; the exigencies of the times indicate that his nomination will be equivalent to success, and that his rejection by the Convention on the ground that he is a reformer will bo ac cepted as an invitation to defeat the machine man who maybe selected by the Convention. A FEARFUL PUNISHMENT. The Turks have achieved a reputation, which has made them abhorred through Christendom, for sanguinary cruelty, brutal and bloody massacre, and odious persecution. Almost evexy one of their Saltans has char acterized his reign with such sanguinary ex cesses that at last the people have risen and rid themselves of the monsters by assassina tion. The Turks themselves, as a people, have hardly been behind their rulers in this respect. Islamism has been characterized by gross intolerance, bigoted fanaticism, and pitiless butchery of men, women, and chil dren of other faiths. In their treatment of the late Sultan Abdul-Aziz, however, they seem to have reached the very climax of re fined cruelty. Abdul- Aziz was no better and no worse than his illustrious predeces sors of the House of Otbqian. Many of them, in fact, could count hundreds of Christian scalps to his one. Ho started out with glowing promises of re forms, just as Mubad Eftendi has, — in reality the very same reforms. He made the heroic resolution for a Turk to have but one wife, and abolished his seraglio, and ho most undoubtedly would have kept his prom ise had it not been for the orthodox Mus sulmans themselves, who saw in this abolition of tho harem an attack upon their religion and a suppression of the breeding-pen for future Sultans of the legitimate stripe. The worst that can be said of him is that Ije was a profligate man; but, as profligacy is a characteristic of all Turks, it is difficult to see why he should have been punished in such a signal manner. As our readers will have noticed in the dispatches, he was at first subjected to all sorts of abuse and scurrility from his underlings, the Softas, who were only the priests of the temple in which he was the Chief. He was then ordered to stop down and ont, and was placed in a cave of gloom in some kiosk. Some accounts say that he was bowstmng and pitched into tho Golden Horn, but the most reliable version of the unfortunate Abdul- Aziz’s denouement is to the effect that* having stripped him of all his money, amounting to $100,000,000 of treasure, they set him adrift with forty or fifty boat-loads of his women. If the reader will stop to think what a man can do with forty or fifty boat-loads of women, without a cent of money in his pocket, he will faintly realize the exquisite refinement of this new sample of Turkish cruelty. So long as Abdul- Aziz had these six or eight hundred fair Circassian girls in his harem at Constantinople, with plenty of eunuchs to guard them and keep them from scratching each other’s eyes out in their contests for his favor, with plenty of piastres to feed and clothe them, buy spring bats and pullbacks, adorn them with jewel ry, and provide them with coffee and car amels, the Mohammedan Chanticleer might while his time away happily in his hen-coop; but what Is he going to do now without a red cent in his pocket? How is ho going to feed and clothe them? What are all these poor women out of a place going to do ? If the new Sultan abolishes the seraglio, what are the unfortunate devils of eunuchs going to do for a living ? It may be that Softas have bagged them all and given them to tho fish in the Bosphorus ; bat the women and their lord and master are afloat without money and without occupation. It has driven many a man to despair that he had not money enough to provide for the colossal wants of one average woman ; but here is an unfortunate ruler out of business with about 800 of them, above the average as to wants, and not money enough in hia pocket to buy one of them a bit of Centen- nial ribbon for her tresses. We see only one avenue of escape for the poor deviL In a moment of black despair he may throw him self into the Bosphorus and end his suffer ings, or these dark-eyed gazelles of the harem may arise in their wrath and pitch the author of their miseries overboard. If there be any man in Christendom deserving the pity of mankind, it is Abdul-Aziz, If the sight of a poor man struggling with adverse fate is a spectacle that excites the pity of the gods, it is to be hoped the deities will find some re lief for the late Sultan. ENGLISH FINANCES. The Nation has a timely article upon the recent depression in the money mar ket of England, during which securities sunk to a very low rate and were sold at almost any price, in which it locates the origin of the trouble back to the outbreak of the Fnmco-German war of 1870, which caused enormous losses by the destruction of prop erty and cessation of active industry in France and Germany, followed by the with drawal of French capital from foreign in vestments to meet the German indemnity, and the era of wild speculation which en sued in Germany consequent upon the in crease of the volume of currency by the receipt of the indemnity. This, however, as it seems to us, is a very general cause applying in a very general manner to the low state of the whole European financial market, and having no particular application to the recent collapse on the London Stock Exchange, in which the Turkish securities met with the most damaging blow, owing to the sudden crisis that was supposed to exist in Turkish affairs by the attitude of England toward the Berlin agreement,—a collapse, however, which was almost immediately re covered from when the news arrived of the dethronement of Abdul-Aziz. The most prominent cause of the depres sion of English finances lies in a condition of things veiy similar to what the United States experienced prior to its recent panic. The English are loaded down with worthless securities, just as we were. We had our pockets filled with wortliless bonds and se curities of every description, mainly railroad. The English have their pockets filled with the securities of semi-civilized nations, based upon nothing but empty promises to pay, and most of which are already in default of both principal and interest. The English have been universal lenders, ever ready to make a penny, and have invested their money in the hands of all nations, from Patagonia to Seuegamblo, who have asked for it The Nation calls attention to the fact, and it is worth dwelling upon as a very forcible and consistent explanation of the low state of the English financial market The recent Parlia mentary inquiry showed that in 1574 these semi-civilized nations had exhausted their borrowing power and pretty nearly exhaust ed England's lending power. The creditors discovered that there was due them about $1,200,000,000 from Governments mainly bankrupt, and a generous slice of this is due to England. Of these Portugal, Tunis, Son Domingo, Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Paraguay, were found to be in default. Since that time, Turkey has gone by the board, and now all signs show that the Egyptian credit is giving way also, notwithstanding the effort to patch it up. The Nation adds to these causes the dis order of the finances of India by the fall in silver, the unsettled condition of the trade of England with China, and tho irredeemable paper currency used by four of the great nations of the world. The feature, however, of the depression in England is the fact that the large class of people in that country who make a living by lending have been lending without sufficient security. As the Nation says: The bankruptcy of 4 4 sovereign States ” Is a new experience to them, and so is the complicity of Ambassadors in frauds—each as has been brought home to Gen. Scbekck, and to Senor Gutierrez, and will probably be brought home before long to Gen. Scuenck's 44 much-esteemed friend/ 1 the Duke de Saldamia. The investments of this clans in foreign securities have enormously increased during the Inst ten years, under the influence of improvement in means of communication and of increased knowledge 'of foreign countries, and of the increased use of banks of deposit. The great State loans, and ftie guaranteed bonds, and so forth, were never held as widely and by so many small holders as they are now, and to frighten them seriously checks consumption and causes & withdrawal of active capital to a degree which financiers even twenty years ago could hardly have dreamed. PABISIAN STREET-DINNERS, A writer in the Pall Mall Oas'tte, who seems to be as well versed in Parisian gastronomy as was the lamented Thackeray. states as one of the indirect results of Com munism that the people of Paris, as a rule, have taken to dining in the streets. The immediate causes, of this change are numer ous, but mostly spring from 44 the servant girl question.” Rents in Paris are so high that the people are cramped for rooms, and consequently their apartments are made in tolerable by the succession of strange smells coming from the cookery. The best pro visions are carried off by contractors early in the morning, so that only the refuse of the markets remains for private individuals. 44 Nothing less than a whole salmonj a tur bot, half a lamb, and a sheaf of aspara gus, costing thirty francs, can some- times bo obtained at the district mar kets or petty shops; and those pastoral ages when a careful housewife could success fully negotiate for half a cabbage to flavor her soup are gone by." The cooks will not consent to enter a kitchen unless they have control of the expenditures, and then, like Pebiolat, they have a way of adding about 25 per cent to the cost of the provisions, which goes into their own pockets, of course. Moreover, tho cook has a habit of leaving just before dinner; if she be a person of mature years, going to a wine shop to take a nip with the next-door cook; if she be a young and good-looking cook, entertaining a military friend when she should bo attend ing to her meals, or going out with him for a promenade when she should be putting the fowls upon the table. The concierges help to moke it uncomfortable for the home diner by levying extortionate tolls upon fuel and wines. Tho combination of these and other troubles has at last driven the Parisian out of his house and compelled him to take his meals in the street. How he dines is thus told by this writer; At the chief eating-houses, such as BionoxV and Defoub's, the old bill of fare is invisible. The head-waiter, a fluent and amiable man, re peats a list of the dishes which are ready at break fast or dinner time; and the wise diner-out re quests that be will select what be knows to be best, simply adding the condition that it shall be recoin tnande, or especially commended to the attention of the chief cook, who shares the extra tip given to the waiter by experienced customers for this purpose. There Is little choice about tavern dinners; certain things have been cooked and must be eaten ; it is not prudent to interfere with the established or der of them. The customer will have to take that which has been provided for him, under whatever name he may elect to have it served. Also, there is not much use in thinking over small economies when the restaurant door has once closed behind you. While you are taking your seat at the only vacant table, towards 7 o'clock, the keen-eyed lady who presides at the counter will have men tally valued yon. and fixed the total of your dinner bill. If yon observe that you paid bat half or two thirds of the price for tjjc same meal a week ago, you will be told, in one of those neat, logical epi grams which French people apply to every circum stance In life, that the cost of living is increasing daily. There is nothing for it but to pay. The same writer also lets ns into some of the secrets of Parisian drinking and eating. The fine-weather drink of the prndent Frenchman, in winter and spring, is Bor deaux brought up to a soft temperature. On cold, raw days he takes Burgundy; in sum mer, tisane de Champagne well iced, which our apoplectic friends will be glad to know is good for their complaint. In winter: ho eats the darker-colored meats, with, game and truffles; in summer, young vegetables, shell fish, chickens fed upon boiled wheat, and ducklings; in extremely hot weather, noth ing bat lamb, and that cold. The woes of the average Parisian are hardly more direful than those of the average American. In our kitchens cooks have a way of entertaining friends that alarmingly increases the monthly bills, and are addicted to sending out parcels of provisions to their relatives in a manner which is not calculated to enliven the spirits of a housekeeper. Like her Parisian sister, the American cookis apt to light ont just about dinner-time for a brief season of personal enjoyment, and sometimes to give warning and light out altogether. Unlike her Parisian sister, the average Ameri can cook can’t cook at all, and will consume twice as much expense in displaying her in competence as the Parisian cook does in showing her skill and taste. The slipshod character of the American cook, and the cor respondingly careless character of the Ameri can menu, has driven many people into the hotels and restaurants. If the number of people in Chicago were known who take their principal meal at noon in the down-town restaurants it would be surprising. It adds to the despair of the situation that this meal at the restaurant is apt to be good for noth ing. The Saturday Tbibuj(E has for several weeks past shown how to do the cooking. Bnt where are the cooks to come from? How long will it be before all Chicago is dining in the street like Paris f THE MAYORAL CONTROVERSY. It is expected that the Circuit Judges will have agreed upon a judgment, and that it will be announced to-morrow or soon after, in the case of Hovne and Colvin, as to which is lawfully Mayor of Chicago. In the argu ment it was stated that the case was without precedent as to the facts, and that tho vital question had never been adjudicated. Con sidering the multiplicity of elections for all kinds of offices in all the States of the Union, covering a long period of years, it is some what remarkable that no case of this kind has ever arisen. The facts are few and plain. In November, 1873, Mr. Colvin was elect ed Mayor, to servo, under the charter, two years, or until December, 1875. At that time there was on the statute book a “ gen eral act of incorporation,” which provided that, upon the petition of a certain number of voters, the Common Council should sub mit to a vote of the people, at a special elec tion, the question of “ Incorporation under the general law.” This general law pro vided for the change of elections from November to April, and the election of Mayor in 1873, 1875, 1877, and every two years. In order to prevent an election for Mayor qt the time fixed by tho new charter, —April, 187 G, —the Council provided for a special election, after that date, on which day the general act of incorporation was adopted; the result was canvassed a few days later, and the new charter became at once the governing low of the city. The new charter provided that there should be a general election for city officers on the second Tuesday in April of each year, and, at the first election after the adoption of the charter, a new Common Council shall be elected, eta The Constitution prohibits the enactment of any law by the Legislature which shall have the effect of extending the term uf any elective officer. The new charter provided that the per- sons in office at the time of its adoption should exercise the powers of similar officers, whose election was provided for in the char ter. until such officers were elected. In December, 1875, the term for which M l. Colvin was elected, under the old char ter, expired. The new charter provided that when there was a vacancy in the office of Mayor, and the nnexpired term was over a year from the happening of the vacancy, the Common Council should call a special election to fill the vacancy; if the vacancy was for Jess than a year, then the Council was to fill the some by electing one of their own members Mayor. Approaching the time fixed for tho “gen eral election” in April, 1876, the Council were petitioned to call a special election to fill the vacancy in the office of Mayor. Tho majority of the Common Connell refused to call the special election. Mr, Colvin claimed that, as he was Mayor when the new charier was adopted, ho was continued in that office until the general election in 1877, when a Mayor was to be elected for a full term. The general public claimed that there was no power to extend the term of an elective officer, and no power in the Legislature to designate a man to hold an office. It was further claimed that a va cancy existed in tho office, beginning at the adoption of the new charter, or at the ex piration of the term for which Colvin had been elected, in either case tho vacancy being for more than a year; that tho people could not be deprived of the right to elect a Mayor by tho factions refusal of the Common Council to give notice of snch on elec tion; and therefore on the day of the election of other officers, at the same times and places, about 40,000 persons deposited ballots having thereon the name of a person for the office of Mayor. Subsequently, these votes were canvassed by the Common Council, and Mr. Hovne was declared elected Mayor ; his right to the office has been formally recog nized by the Council, who have acted on his appointments, etc. Uoyne being de facto Mayor, Colvin by writ of quo warranto has brought tho question before the Courts. The decision of the Court may take any one of various directions. Tho Court may decide: 1. That the new charter extended Colvin’s term nntil April, 1877, in which case there has never been a vacancy, and Colvin is Mayor de jure, and Hoyne an intruder. 2. That the new charter deposed all the old officers, authorizing them to act merely as locum Unens until on election was held to fill all the vacancies ; or, 3. That, at the expiration of Colvin's term in December, 1875, the vacancy occur red; in either case, there being a vacancy, and more than one year elapsing before a regular election of Mayor, it was in the power and it was the doty of the Council to order and give notice of the special election. 4. That the refusal of the Common Council to call a special election could not, as it could not in the case of a regular election, deprive the people of the right to hold such election at the ordinary and regularly ap pointed times and places, and that such elec tion for Mayor, having been held free of all suspicion of fraud, under all the forms and by the officers appointed to hold the “ gen eral election,” on the same day and at the same places, there was such a substantial compliance iwith the law that the Courts will not interpose to defeat the expressions of the public will. In which case Mr. Hoyne is Mayor de jure ns well as de facto. 4. Or it may hold that, though a vacancy did exist, the charter invested the Council with a discretion to order such special election, and that special elections, standing on a different footing from general elections, could not be valid in the absence of the special call and no tice directed by law. In which case the vacancy continues to exist, neither Hoyne nor Colvin being Mayor. 5. That, the vacancy existing, the Council may ndw call a special election to fill the same; or that a vacancy occured only at the date of the first regular election, which was in April, 1870, and, there being less than one year of the term remaining, the Council may fill such vacancy by the choice of one of its own members. Until the Court actually renders a decision, the reader may consider any one of these possible results as the most likely to agree with that of the Court. RAHWAY PASSENGER BATES. There seems to be a good deal of astonish ment at the great reduction of passenger rates from hero East, growing out of the new disagreement among the Eastern trunk lines, and an apprehension in | some quarters that the railroads will kill themselves off if this sort of thing keeps up. All this comes from a superficial consideration of the matter. It is hastily concluded that, because the rail roads have been charging $23 and $34 to New York, it is ruinous for them to throw off nearly SO per cent. There are several in fluences, however, which are not considered at all in reaching this conclusion. The in creased travel sure to be attracted by a nota ble difference in rates, and which can be car ried by the roads without any appreciable difference in their running expenses, almost entirely offsets the reduction as a rule. This is the experience of the past, when special competition has led to a fall in passenger rates. A striking instance of it was afford ed some years ago in Scotland, when a dispute between the Edinburg & Glas gow and the Caledonian Hallways brought about a reduction of rates to nearly ono-eigbth of the regular tariff. The re spective fares for the three classes were 8 shillings, 6 shillings, and 4 shillings for a distance of 4C miles, and they were re duced respectively to 1 shilling, 9 pence, and C pence. The struggle lasted a year and a half, and the result was that the an nual dividends were reduced only one-half per cent, though the fares were only one eighth of what they had been. A new travel ing public had been created by the reduc tion. Excursion-trains were run, crowded with people. The agricultural and laboring classes visited the cities, which they had never before been able to do. Hen, women, and children spent money in traveling,which thus took the place of other cheap recreations and amusements in which they had been in the habit of indulging themselves. The re ceipts of the roads* rom travel remained as large as before, and in some instances in creased, notwithstanding the tremendous re duction of seven-eighths, while the expenses were comparatively but little more than be fore. Now to make up this half percent difference in dividends the railroad compa nies had to compel the public to..pay eight times as much for travel. So it is fair to pre sume that the redaction on our Eastern rail roads by less than one-half will make scarcely an appreciable difference in the flnnngl profits. A comparison of tlie difference in price which the railroads receive for passengers and freight, even at the reduced rates of the former, will show how ridiculously high pas senger rates are as a rule, and how silly is any apprehension that the railroads cannot stand the reduction. We will say that the average number of passengers which a first class railway-car con carry is fifty, and, al lowing 200 pounds for each person, includ ing baggage, the homan freight is at the rate of 5 tons to the car. At the present rate of sls per person from Chicago to New York, a single passenger-car may yield $750. But the average freight-car carries 10 tons at the rate of 20 cents per 100 pounds for grain, which yields only S4O per car for the trip. The passenger-car, then, with 5 tons of freight, earns nearly twenty times as much as the average freight-car with twice as much freight. Of course the original invest ment in the passenger-ear is larger and the expense of attendance, care, and repair is greater; but it is also a lighter car, makes double as many trips, and is hauled at less cost for fuel. There is certainly no reason why it should need to earn twenty times as much as a freight-car in order to be profita ble, or, earning at this rate, there is no like lihood of the roads going to pieces. If it be said that the passenger-cars do not ran foil, the answer to that is that they may always run full if the rates are low enough, and with a proper adjustment of the supply to the demand. / So far from there being any reason to ap prehend any serions results from the railroad war over passenger rates, the probability is that if the railroads reduce them low enough, and maintain the reduction long enough, they may increase their profits for the current year. The Americans are naturally a travel* ing people, and the Centennial Exhibition is a special inducement for them to indulge their fondness this year. |On the other hand, they are largely restrained by the hard times and the necessity felt by every one of spending as little money as possible. Now, a reduction of railroad fares to the East to one cent per mile would tempt hundreds of thousands of people to go to Philadelphia who would otherwise remain away. Such a movement would do much to relieve the present financial strain and mercantile slug gishness. There would be a considerable revival of trade and renewal of confidence as the result of the interchange of personal communications. Money would circulate that is now hoarded, and people would look into' the future with less suspicion on account of the livelier aspect that would be given to the present condition of things. The coun try would be benefited, and the railroads would profit proportionately. Habnzt’s testimony os to the payment of the $450 bribe to Speaker Kebb for the ap pointment of young Gbzeh is corroborated, or at least strengthened, by ex-Congressman Mexeb Steauss, of Pennsylvania, •who was sworn for the purpose of impeaching Hab xex. Sxbauss remembers distinctly that Hibney applied to him (Stbaues) to aid in securing the appointment of Gbeen, impart, ing at the same time that he (Harney) aonU make S4OO or SSSO out of it This Sibadm tells with the nonchalance of one who te. gardod such brokerage in appointments as . strictly legitimate business. As he is a Penn, sylvania Democratic politician, it is, perhaps, natural that he should have so regarded it But Mr. Strauss cannot expect that the pub. lie will believe that Habney would have imparted that there was money . m the appointment and then coolly 'ip. formed the Congressman ho asked to make the appointment that he (Habsei) proposed to pocket all the money there was in it. It would have been too preposterous a proposition to have submitted even to a member of the Strauss stamp for Habhbi to have said in substance: “ There’s money in this appointment; make the appointment for me, and let me pocket the whole of the money. ” Harney mentioned the money ob. viously for the sole purpose of inviting a pro. posal to sell the appointment Sibauss hav. ing filled his appointment, could not mate such bid. But Harney’s mods of going at the business, as testified by Stbauss, shows that he (Harney) was in the market to buy the appointment; that ho expected to get it by purchase, as was unmistakably indicated by his naming the figures; and that these were precisely what he swears he paid Tfn»» Strauss’ testimony strengthens powerfully the evidence going to show that Harvey's statement as to the payment of the bribe to Kerb is true; and, without satisfactory ex planation by the Speaker of why he appoint, ed Geeen, Harney’s statement will be ac cepted as conclusive. OBEPUAET. JAMES GASPARD ALSDER, at one time a well-known musician and musical director, and husband of Clara Fisher mv dcr, the actress, died at Chelsea, Mass., last Sunday. He was a native of Ireland, and came to this country with Mr. and Mrs. Wood, the En glish opera-singers, in 1833. The sudden rise ol Joseph Wood as a singer was owing to Mr. Ms« deb, who induced him to take a- part In the English version of “La Cenerentola,” In which he made a great success. It was under hfe direction also that Charlotte Cushman made her debut at the Tremont Theatre, Boston, in 1835, Miss Cushman singing the part of the Countess in “The Marriage of Figaro ” to Mrs, MiEDER’s Susanna. He also went with her to New Orleans, where she turned her attention from the lyric to the dramatic stage. Mr. M-e --deb then returned to Boston, and for many years resided’ there, giving concerts. He retired from the business, however, many years ago. JAMES GALLATIN. The New York papers of Tuesday last contain the announcement of the death of the well known banker, James Gallatin, of Paris, France, late President of the Gallatin National Bank in New York City. Mr. Gallatin was 80 years of age, and a son of Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury during Jackson’s ad ministration. Baring his earlier years be was a broker in partnership with his brother, but in IS3S he succeeded his father as President of the bank with which the family name has been so long identified. He held this position for thirty years, and upon his retirement, in ISCS, went to Europe, where he has since lived. He never held a political office. OTHER DEATHS. Among other deaths recently reported are those of Caroline Chapman, at Son Francisco, once a prominent actress, who made her debut at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, in 1830, acting Petty Pumiken In “ Gretna Green,” and who had considerable reputation as a sing er ; of Samuel Bingham, who died In New York, and at the time of his death was the oldest printer in the United States, and worked the first steam cylinder press introduced in this country; of Field-Marshal Baron Von John, Chief of the General Staff of the Austrian Army; of Poole, the famous English tailor, who was an American, having been born at Worcester, Mass.; of Francis Palackt, the Moravian historian, editor of the Journal of thi Bohemian Museum, and author of a “History ot Bohemia”; and of M. Esquiros, one of the French Senators, of whom the London Times gives the following interesting details: He was born in Paris in 1814, and, after an un successful volume of poems, published two novels, “Le Jlagicien” and ‘ 4 Charlotte Corday.” Hia next work, dn People,”—a philosoph ical and democratic commentary on the life of Christ, —brought on him, in 1841, eight months* imprisonment and 500 f. line. From Ste. Pelagie he issued 4 4 Chants d’nn Prisonnler, ** and after wards some semi-socialist essays and “Hialoire des iiontagnards. ” He entered the Assembly in 1848, and on being proscribed by the Coup d'etat took refnge in England, where his sketches of English life and manners in the Hevve des Deux • Monde* earned him celebrity. He was for several years Examiner in French at the examina tions for commissions in the English Army. Tak ing advantage of the amnesty, he gained a seat in the Corps Legislalif in 186 u. On the fall of the Empire he was appointed Administrator of the Bouchcs-dn-Rhone, where he suspended a Legit imist paper, expelled the Jesuits, and sequestered their property. The outcry against those arbitrary measures obliged M. Canbbtta to supersede him, but for a fortnight be held his post, setting the Provisional Government at defiance. His resigna tion and departure were the signal for disturb ances, which the National Guard suppressed. He voted steadily with the Extreme Left in the last Assembly. Like a chapter out of some weird romance it sounds, the story of Helen Smeb and William Kempton Vance, as it came out upon their trial, condoled day before yesterday, in the Central Criminal Court at London. It appears that the woman had been [abandoned by her* husband and had been very‘sick, and hod mads up her mind, if she became sick again, to com mit suidde. To procure the means of doing this in such way as that post-mortem examina tion would not discover her self-destruction, , and that there might not be any scandal about it, she inserted an advertisement in one of the doily papers stating that a professional gentle man engaged in an interesting experiment wanted the assistance of a medical man or stu dent well up in chemistry, whose services would be well paid for. The advertisement attracted the attention of Vance, a chemist, who seems to have been well nigh as poor and wo-begone as Romeo’s apothecary; and, after some correspondence, it was agreed that he should be paid £lO for furnishing her a poison such as directed. At this stage, the negotiation was interrupted by one of the letters between Vance and Subb happening to go to the Dead-Letter Office, where its strange contents excited suspicion, and it was turned over to the police. The re sult was that both were arrested and tried for conspiracy to murder and to commit suicide. On her arrest, Mrs. Smeb, with a simple pathos that told volumes of misery, merely said; 11 1 only intended to have the drng£ in readiness, as I have been very ill and weak, that I might have used them in case I was ill again. I have been very lonely since my husband left me.” But that availed nothing, and, under the English law, both were convicted of conspiracy to com pass her suicide, and Vance was sentenced to Imprisonment for eighteen months, and Mrs. Smeb for six months,—which, of course, will make her more liable to commit suidde than before. It was a grotesque-pathetic spectacle, that presented by Daniel Drew upon his examina tion last Thursday before the Register to Bankruptcy. The examination was held to Drew’s chamber, where he has been for some time confined to bed by quite serious Alness, and a physician was in attendance throughout. The questions were of coarse with a view _ to dre~ >raw out some sort of a statement of the con dition of his affairs, or at least of getting track of the books, bank and brokers* accounts, etc., of the great bankrupt, from which the necessary exhibit could be made out. TTfo answers were a curious admixture of second-childishness and the characteristic cunning that made “Uncle Daniel ” the slipperiest operator on the street It was only by the sharpest lnterrogltffl> thst /

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