Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 8, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 8, 1876 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

4 % ©fflnwt TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, VATADLB IN ADVANCIt—POSTAGE mSPAID AT THIS OPPICR. ioo TH* Weekly.’ *po»trild. I year - in YtrU of year it Mine rate. WEEKLY EDITION, POSTPAID. OnteoPT. per year Clnli of tl»c. ~ ' is - ~ Club of twenty, P«r copy •••••■ . Tlvt pottage u 15 cent* a year, which wo will prepay* Specimen ooplea rent free. To prevent delay and mletakea, bo anrc and (rive Poat* Omre adAreaa In full, Including 81*1* and County. Kcmiuanceimoy bo made either by draft, cxpreu, ruat*Offlce order, or in reglatcred letlcr*. at our risk. terms to citt sunscßinßUS. Daily. Ai-ilreretl, Sunday excepted, as cents pet week. Dal- icllvered, Sunday Included, 30 cents per week Addreia THE TIHHIJNB COMPANY. Corner Madlion anil prarbom-ata., Ctilcoi<* In. AMUSEMENTS. Henley’* Theatre. Randolph itrect. between Clark and.LaSalle.. En- Easement of Mm itoao Eytlnge. Hoio MWhcl. Near Chlcnto Tlieatrn, Clark street, between Lake and Randolph, Qovlcy • UlnttrcU. Wood’s Museum. Monroe atreet, between State *ntl Dearborn. Af tenfoon, ••Hidden Unud.” Evi-nlrw. EoKOgemertt of Robert ilcWadc, "RlpVan Mlnklo. McCormick Hull. Korth Clark atreet, corner Klntlo. Concert by toe Apollo Club. THURSDAY, JUNE 1876. Greenbacks at the No*- York Gold Ex chanse yesterday closed o'; 88ij. The Common Coud ell lost evening dis cussed tho subject of calling a special elec tion for Mayor, but -without taking any defi nite action. Tho ordinance ordering tho election will undoubtedly bo passed, but tbo date will bo fixed , so as to cover all contin gencies of delay or a possible veto by tbo kcting-Mnyor. Wo aro rcceit ing numerous letters offering suggostions as to what the Cincinnati plat form should admit, and omit, and contain. But if Mr. r.LAiNB is tho nominco, as his hackers and brawlers ‘claim ho will bo, his letters on rr jlrond speculations, and jobbery, and riflo o jntracts, and influencing legisla tion to av rid war taxes, and increase land grants, o f x., ate,, will constitute tho actual platform. on which tho campaign will bo fought All other platforms will be super fluous and disregarded in tho fierce struggle betw* on tho parties. K hoary day’s work was done by tho Son ulo yesterdoy in tho passage of the Legis lative, Executive, and Judicial Appropriation bill, and also tho Fortification bill. In the first-named measure none of tho House re ductions were concurred in, the Senate re fusing to sanction tho attempt to cripple tho public service by a false pretense of economy in tho appropriations. Several of tho Demo cratic Senators voted with the majority on the various amendments, and no party issue was raised. Tho bill now goes to tho House, and, unless that body receded from its posi lion, the threatened dead-lock is inevitable, ind tho prospect of an early adjournment is icry meagre. ■Wo may soon have on offset for ‘Winslow In our accounts with Great Britain. A dis patch from Melbourne, Australia, states that all tho Fenian prisoners confined in Western Australio have escopod in tho American tvbalcabip Cotalpn. There is a prospect, therefore, that tho Fenians, after going on a rhftling cruise for a while, may rooch on isylum in this country, or it may be possible that the good ship Catalpo had finished her cmlse and is on her way homo. In either event there is a fair prospect, wind and weather permitting, that tho “byes" will reach their liberty in ** tho lond of tho free ind tho homo of the bravo," ond that they may some doy moke a picnic over into Canada and have an argument with the Queen’s Own. Pnocron Knott’s explanation of hid course In withholding from publicity the Caldwell telegram, on tho Htrongth of which Mr, Ulainb worked up such an effective climax, lecraa to bo reasonable and candid. Mr. Knott had made efforts to ascertain Cald well's European address, and had learned that ho was in Italy. Therefore, when ho re ceived a voluntary cable dispatch purporting to bo signed by Caldwell, dated simply “ London,” but with neither address nor day of the month or week, ho very naturally questioned the genuineness of tho telegram, and suspected a trick. Por this reason he did not make tho inotter public, but deter mined to await further developments. It would appear that Mr. Knott’s action won governed by ordinary prudence, and that tho assertion of partisan malice on his part is not sustained by the facts. Tho insurance companies who wrote extra* hazardous risks upon which they exacted enormous premiums during tho career of tho Confederate cruisers have found zealous ad* vacates in Messrs. Knott and Lord, of the House Judiciary Committee, which has re ported a bill providing that tho residue of the Geneva award after tho actual sufferers by loss shall have been 'paid in full shall go to tho marine underwriters. Messrs. Knott and Lord appeared yesterday as tho especial champions of these insurance com panies. for whom they claim a share of tho money paid by Great Britain on the ground that tho award of $150,000,000 was made in favor of tho United States Government, to be distributed without reference to tho decision of the Genova Commission limiting tho poy mont to actual sufferers by tho ravages of the Confederate privateers. Tho idea that It would bo a graceful and honorable thing to refund to Great Britain that portion of tho fund remaining after tho adjustment of the claims approved by the arbitrators docs not seem to havo impressed these Demo tratic Congressmen with much force. Tho Chicago produce markets were gen* Brolly stronger yesterday, and fairly active. Mess pork was 40@50a per brl higher, clos ing at $18.40 for Juno andslß.47j@lß.Bo for July. Lard was 200 per 100 lbs higher, clos ing at $10.75 cash and $10.60 for July. Heats wore }(§>Jo per lb higher, at Cjo for boxed shoulders, 9Jo for do short ribs, and y\o tor do abort clears. Lake freights were firm, at 2|@2Jo for corn to Buffalo. Bail freights were unchanged. Flour was in fair iemaud and steady. Wheat closed Ijo higher, at $1.05| for June and $1.05} for July. Com closed Jo higher, at 45}0 for June or July. Oats closed l@l}o higher, at BOJo for cash and July. Bye was firm, at 70j@71e. Barley was little better than nominal, at C7@sßc. Hogs wore active and ‘ etronger, closing firm at 10c advance. Sales were at ss.oo<g/0.10. Tbe cattle trade woe dull at 100 decline. Bbeepwaia Bloody, at $3.00®5.25 for poor to choice. On© hundred dollars in gold would bay $112.62J in green back* at the close. It was thought and 'hoped that Don Cam lehon would so far rcoognize the lofty digni ty of hi* Cabinet position «a to refrain from attending the Cincinnati Convention as a dole-gut© from Pennsylvania. But he in not that soft of Cabinet officer. He would rather resign the AVar portfolio than forego the satisfaction and advantage of trading and intriguing at Cincinnati, but he will do neither? he will continue to be Secretary of War and head manipulator of the Pennsylva nia machine. Ho was appointed to help Conklino, and can. perceive no greater Im propriety in carrying out the contract than was committed when the contract was made ; and ho is not far wrong either. For a Cab inet officer to publicly engage in political manipulation and intrigue m an unusual oc currence even in American politics, bat so is the appointment of a Cabinet officer for the express purpose of increasirtg his efficiency as a manipulator. Like maitter, like man. .119.00 Tito excellent ezamplo cf the solid busi ness mon and anti-machine* Republicans of Now York City has boon followed in Chicago by tho organization of a R- (publican Reform Club, founded for tho pur] mso of exorcising an influence upon tho Fre sidential nomina tion. The Club in Chicago has decided to send to Cincinnati a delegation of one hun dred leading citizens to labor for tho nomination of tho bent man, tho list comprising tho names of Marshall Field, Henry W. Kino, C. M. Henderson, 0. P. Kelloqo, and mpjiy other gentlemen widely known throughout tho 'West and East as business men who rarely mix In politics, bnt whoso influence, liko that of their brethren who will represent tho Now York Republican Reform Club, Is certain to be felt at Cincinnati. In Chicago, also, Bristow is Togarded as tho candidate whoso nomination is most to be dosirod, with Wasiidurnb os the second choice of tho Club; but, above all things, it is desired and hoped to prevent tho nomination of any man whoso record is not in accord with tho re form spirit of the day. BLAINE'S DEFENSIVE CAMPAIGN. It is now proposed that Mr. Blaine, who has so ably vindicated his career as a railroad stock-broker, and by his matchless elo quence, magnetic attraction, and irresistible intellectual force annihilated the Democratic lenders in Congress, shall bo nominated by the Cincinnati Convention with a display of pyrotechnics and enthusiasm that will carry dismay to tho whole Democratic party. It is proposed that tho Republican party shall adopt Mr. Blaine's personal tactics, and os ho repelled assault by himself reading the proofs of tho charges against him, so the Republican party shall repel tho accusation of jobbery and speculation by nominating the speculator and manipulator of legislation in the interest of wildcat corporations. Wo invito tho attention of Republicans to the results of such policy. We will assume that the friends and partisans of Mr. Blaine shall capture the Cincinnati Conven tion, shall nominate Mr. Blaine, shall "vin dicate " him by ignoring the charges estab lished against him, shall takotheresponsibility for the integrity of tho operations in the Spen cer rifle contracts, in the Little Rock it Arkan sas Railroad stocks ond bonds, in Jay Cooek’s Northern Pacific wildcat operations, and for nil other things which have boon or may be presented from his record, and require Re publicans of the country on their allegiance to the party to vote for him. What then'? There will bo “ immense cheering," “ wild applause," ‘‘indescribable scenes." The delegates, imagining themselves the country, will shout themselves hoarse, and consider Blaine already elected. There will be can non fired in many towns. There will be noisy ratification mootings. Eminent Re publicans who have instigated all tho pro ceedings to break Mr. Blaine down will write letters cordially approving bis nomina tion, and newspapers which have opposed his nomination will open their columns to bis support. After some weeks' display of fireworks there will be a rest and a silence. At that time tho Democratic party will name their candidate, and, in the light of tho Republican action, it is fair to pre sume they will put up not only an able man, but the best man they have, and the one against whose personal record the least con he said, and the ono who most fully em bodies tho administrative-reform idea. The campaign will then open in earnest, and on what iesuo ? The issue will bo the reform oi tho civil administration of tho Government, tho purification of the public service, and such a separation of tho officers of the Got* ernmont from lobbying, subsidies, from con* ncction with railroad corporations, from jobs, contracts, and speculations os will prevent the possibility of the recurrence of the cor ruptions, bribery, and dishonesty which have disgraced tho public service during tho last ten years. At once Mr. Blaine’s personal and official record will bo In issue. How did ho stand on these matters, and how does ho stand now? His letters, speculations, and his book of sales become the Itepublicau platform; his soles of bogus railroad securities become evidences of tho absence of any connection with jobbery; his own boosted decisions as Speaker whereby ho “saved" tho legislation which was necessary to give a sufficient seeming value to tho bonds to put them on the market, become the Bopublican evidences of tho reform labors of their candidate, and,when bankrupt ami overwhelmed by the demands for tho re turn of their money by those who purchased tho worthless scrip from him, the interven tion of the Pacific llailroad Company, by paying him enough to pay all his debts, will become the “ proof ” that there is no bond or sympathy or interest between their candi date and the vast corporations who ore now asking from the Government several hun* dreds of millions of dollars of subsidy. It will bo useless to try •to evade that issue. Tho Belknap bribery and the host of other corrupt transactions will be supplemented by the direst facts in Blaine’s own record. Oakes Auks' famous declaration, that he bad put his corruption money “ whore U wifi do most good," will give place to Blaink’b hardly less significant message, “Tell him thotjwhon I was Speaker I ruled out an amendment that would have killed the Com pany's bill." lu every joint discussion the Itepublicau speakers will have to defend Blaine’s railroad votes, Blaine's reports of sales, Blaine’s letters, Blaine’s appeals for money, relief, and Tou Scott’s or some body’s payment of $C4,000 to enable him to pay his debts. They will not have a word, or a lino, or a vote of his which they can produce to show that bo ever was in favor of reform, or retrenchment, or of breaking up abuses. The Democrats on the stump vill have all the facts produced by Conk lino and Mouton, beside the store they have in their own keeping, to parade against Blaine, and the Republican - speakers erUl THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, JUNE 8, 1876. press will be kept with their noso on the grindstone, and forever on the defense, maintaining the propriety of ©footing a man to reform the abuses of Government whose whole record is mixed up with an octive par ticipation in the abuses which are to bo re formed. In such • campaign the Presidential de* fondant will be forced to toko the atnmp in hie own behalf, and bo will be obliged to go from State to State, and city to city, explain* ing, protesting, and asseverating that in his record, made by himself, there is nothing Inconsistent with the character of a He* former. In October the States of Ob!o and Indiana, whoso Totot are absolutely necessary to tho election of tho Republican candidate, will hold their elections. In neither of these States is there any Repnhlican earnestness or enthusiasm for Blaine ; in both States the party hare other and decided preferences. Id neither State can a defensive campaign bo maintained for a roan in whoso behalf there is no local feeling. Indiana is a quasi* Democratic State at the best. In Ohio, even Allen nearly carried tho State against a man like Hayes, and was only defeated because Carl Scnimz entered tho field, and by his matchless oratory and profound reasoning carried with him a sufficient number of Ger mans and Americans to elect Hates. These two States cannot bo carried on a defensive campaign. Tho fireworks and hurrah which announced tho nomination of Blainb ns a personal vindication will have been forgot ten, bnt tho implications of Blainb’s record will survive. The loss of theso two States in October will bo the end of the campaign. Tho election in November will bo tho formal surrender of tho Presidency, Senate, and Honso, and of throe-fourths of tho Stato Governments, to tho Democratic party. Del egates representing Illinois and lowa, which Slates will vote for any Republican candi date, should remember that tho election Is to bo decided by Ohio and Indiana, and that, before Illinois and lowa vote, these two States will have ended tho campaign. The candidate, therefore, to be nominated is sfimo man that tho people of Ohio shall feol able to elect, and not somo man whoso nom ination will give tho Stato to the Democratic party. THE BLAINE LETTERS. Now that tho dazzling brilliancy of Mr. Blaine's Monday performance has toned down somewhat, it is as well that tho real significance of his letters bo considered. It is not easy at this time to make an analytic examination, since all the letters which Mr. Blaine caused to be read in tho House are not yet at hand, owing to tho singular omission of the Press Agent to telegraph them the day they wore road. Mullioan, tho Boston witness, has also intimated that Mr. Blaine did not produce all tho letters which ho took from Mullioan, but of course the later cannot testify absolutely as to this until ho shall have scon the foil collection of letters submitted to the House and printed in tho Congrasional Record. There is like wise considerable confusion arising from the arrangement of tho letters, which seems to be inversely in order of dates, and for the proper connection between them Mr. Blaine has furnished no guide. An enumeration of tho points in this correspondence is, there fore, necessarily partial, incomplete, and un satisfactory; but such os they are from .the data at band we summarize os follows : 1. lu regard to the Spenoed rifle contract, it appears that Blaine, before ho entered Congress, entered into o bargain for making a sole to the Government, through Simon Cameron, then Secretary of War, and that be assisted in securing, legislation favorable to the Gan Company, enabling them to escape paying taxes on the arms after ho became a member of Congress. It also oppoars from bis own letters that he took SIO,OOO worth of Spenceb rifle stock, for which ho gave Fisher bis note; that as late as 1872 this note had not been paid, but, in a letter to Fisher in that year, Blaine claimed that the dividends, running all through these years and embracing his entire Congressional career, had canceled the note, yielded him some thousands of dollars cash, and left Fished indebted to him some thousands more. It seems that Mr. Blaine admits, j then, in his own letters that ho received the stock without paying cash for it, and that 1 bo drew dividends on that stock all the time ho was in Congress, and while he was assist ing the Company in securing legislation to avoid paying their taxes. 2. In regard to the Northern Pacific trans action, the letters admit that Mr. Blaine was anxious to transfer to Fisher and others a lot of the fictitious stock of that Company for $2.1,000 cash, and gave a receipt there for. In a letter dated July 8, 1872, about eighteen months after bo bud receipted for the $25,000, Blaine writes to Fished about a general settlement, and among other things says: “ First, lam ready to fnlflil the mem orandum held by you in regard to the North ern Pacific Bailroad, as I ulieays Jutte hern." Presumably the memorandum referred to is the following: JConWsnflnl.l Boston. Dec. 1, 1870.--ltccelvc(! of Warren Fisher, Jr., $25, UOO In trust, In consideration of which I am to deliver to said PtaßEii properly au thenticated certificates of an Interest In lltu North pacific Hallway Company equivalent to otie-elyhih (li) part of one of the twenty-four (24) principal shares in which the franchise slock of aultl Compa ny sro divided. Certificates to bo In thu nauiu of Ki.ihiia Atkins. Witness my hand This would look na though Mr. Blaine (or eighteen months at least had this Northern Pacific Stock at his command. Whether it was not finally delivered because a more fav orable sale was negotiated in another quarter, or because Mr. Blaink at the lost decided not to consummate tho transaction which he him self had proposed and urged, isnotcxplalmuL 3. In regard to the Little ltdek & Fort Smith Itailroad transaction, it seems that Mr. Bi.aink undertook to job or dispose of $130,- 000 first-mortgogo bonds for Mr, Frauen for cash, giving along with them the samo 'amount of "common stock" and the samo amount of "preferred stock.*' But Mr, Fisher delivered to Blainc for $130,000 cash $102,300 in first-mortgago bonds besides $130,000 in land-grant bonds, and tho com mon and preferred stock aforesaid. In this way Blainb received as a com mission for selling $32,500 in first mortgage bonds and $130,000 in land grant bonds without paying any money him self. The letters already published make two or three references to the bonds duo from Fiuiibb to Blaine under this contract. The commission or gratuity received by Mr. Blainb in this transection would appear to have come from his saving (while bpeak. cr of tho House) the bill which renewed the land-grant to the Little Bock Company after it had lapsed. He did this by ruling out, in bis capacity as Speaker, the El Paso amend ment tacked on by Julian, of Indiana, which would have defeated tho original bill hod it gone to the Senate in that shape. Sir. Blaine was careful to point out his service in this matter In a letter to Fisueb dated Oob 4, 16 CU, and asking the latter to tell CUldwul (who ipontrolled tka enterprise) thnt he (Blaine) hud done him 14 ft groat favor.** Some month* before, in a letter dated June 29, 1609, Blaine oaks Fisher to got Caldwell to mako him a definite propo sition ns to lotting him have some interest in this railroad enterprise, and added : “I do not feel that I shall prove n dead-head in the enterprise; if 1 onee embark in it I tee tarU out channels in which I know I can be useful." 4. The Little Itook enterprise having proved disastrous, Mr. Elaine's friends to whom he hod sold tho bonds came back on him for the money, and Blaine felt him self under obligations to return it, or a part of it; to what extent bo refunded tho money does not appear. But ho made tho point in a general settlement with Fishbb that ho had lost money in this transaction, because ho had been obliged to take back some of tho bonds. Mulligan, who represented Fisher in this settlement, replied that ho under stood from Mr. Atkins that Caldwell had relieved him (Blaine) of $75,000 of those bonds by getting Tou Scott to pnt them off on the Union Pacific Company for $04,000 in cash. Mr. Atkins was one of the Direct ors of the Union Pacific Company, and ho has not yet explicitly denied Mullioan’s statement. This source might also explain why Hollins, the Treasurer of tho Com pany, told Harrison, another Director, that Blaine was tho beneficiary of tho trans action, —a statement which Hollins, ' under oath, admitted that ho made, but for which he boa never given his authority. The fact that Tou Scott got the bonds from Caldwell, and oven Cald well’s recent telegram to Knott, that Tom Scott’s version of the affair was correct, would not deny that Caldwell had taken them back from Plains or from Blainb’s friends, to whom they had been sold, so that the $C 4,000 went to relievo Blaine. Mr. Blaine had taken many occasions to show Mr. Caldwell how much ho owed to Blaine’s Congressional interference in be half of the scheme. It must be remembered that Mr. Blaine did not permit Mdllioan to present these letters with a connected story of the vorious transactions to which they refer, hut that bo himself presented them in such order as he pleased and with his own construction. It roust also bo remembered that only a part of tho letters have been published in full. Yet, with ell this advantage to Mr. Blaine, the deductions wo have stated seem to bo in evitable. In how far they are discreditable to Mr. Blaine can only be determined by a more satisfactory explanation than has yet been made; but, in tho meantime, it seems to bo admitted that, os Speaker of the House, ho influenced legislation favorable to enter prises in which he had a personal interest, either actual or prospective. It is oil those transactions which will con stitute the actual Republican platform of the campaign, and which tho Republican stumpers and newspapers will bo continually employed in explaining, defining, denying, and extenuating; aud It is ngoinst a cam-, poign to bo fought on such miserably low grounds, in which tho party will be on the defensive, and solf-hnmiliabod and disgraced in its own eyes, that Tos Tjusuks so strongly protests. BEEVIA AND RUSSIA. The movomeut of tho English Admiral Drumitomp with his Mediterranean fleet to wards the Bosphorus, ostensibly to examine its fortifications at tho request of the Porte, is promptly followed up by tho Russians, if the latest dispatches may be credited, who are marching an army to the Prutb. It is furthermore stated that, upon their arrival at this historical river-boandary, tho Servians will strike at the Turks, who are now facing them. The Prutb is a tributary of the Dan ube, rising in the Carpathian Mountains, flowing cast through Qalicia and Bakowina, and south-southeast along tho boundary lino of Roumonia and Bessorabia, joining tho Danube at Beni, near its delta. It has figured in the history of every Turko-Russian war since tho campaigns of Peter tho Great, who narrowly escaped losing his army on its banks. Ponding tho arrival of the Russians, which is doubtful at best, tho Servians are confronting the Turks with a finely organ ized army of 75,000 men, the Turkish army being reduced to 27,000 men by tbo necessi ty of withdrawing a part of its troops to put down tho Bulgarian uprising, which was assum ing formidable proportions. Tho situation, therefore, is a critical one. Russia has made two important moves, —tho one towards En gland, tho other towards Turkey, for tho Servian movement is inspired by Russia. Russia has furnished Servia with men, mon ey, and arms. Tho numerous Sclavonic so cieties of Russia have sent forward val uable contributions to their broth rou. Russian Generals officer tho whole Servian army, Tho Russian half-pay Gen. TonnDSATBFF is tho strategic adviser of tho Servian Government. Apart from Russian aid, tho Servians themselves are a powerful military people. The regular army consists of 5,0U0 men, raised by conscription, who after four years’ service return to their homos and are thou incorporated with the national militia, numbering 150,000 men. Besides those there are 60,000 men liable to garrison duty. All tho militia of tho first and second classes is so organized as to ho always ready for active service, so that an army of 70,000 men can bo mobilized at short notice, and this army is now in tbo field. Tho artillery numbers .'l5O field guns, and there are 400,000 improved muskets in tho arsenals. Beside these, tho Servians have a powder manufactory, a cannon foau- | dry, and a musket armory. . Tho Belgrade correspondent of the Now York Timen says; The tranaport, ambulance, and hospltu] services are fairly organized, but there Is a great need of surgeons, of whom the number In about one hun dred chert of the actual requirements of the army In case of war. Depot* for provisions of all sort* have been established in the different towns and villnses, and tbo country 1* well provided wltb cattle. There Is a military academy in Belgrade, and a majority of the held officers have gone through a full course of instruction la the French, Austrian, or ?rua*ian military schools; on this point the Servian army la immeasurably superior to it* enemy, whoso great superiority will only be found to bo In Us artillery. It will thus bo seen that Servia, opartfrom tho help of hor powerful friend, Rutaia, is able of borsolf to cope with the Turks, and with success, aa her people are much more warlike than the Turks. That they are bound to fight is evident from the declara tion of the Oilak, which is the organ of tbo Servian Cabinet, that war is unavoidable since the rejection of the Berlin ogreemont by Turkey. While there can be little doubt that it is a part of the Russian programme for Scrvia to attack the Turk*, the announce ment that she hoe actually moved her troops to the Truth, while she has agreed with Ger many and Austria to call for an armistice, needs confirmation. J.'O, Plains. The Loeum- Tcncn*' (Acting-Mayor Colvin’s) removal of Mr. Goodell, os City Marshal, his own favorite appointee, though profess edly because the Council bad abolished the office, was really because Mr. Gooobll, while Marshal, had declined to om the police force of the city as an armed fore© to sustain Colvin’s pretentions. Ho was solicited and urged by soms of Colvin’s friends and legal advisors to orrest Mr. Uotnb, to keep him out of the Council Chamber, and to coerce the City Legislature to acknowledge the Loeum*Tcnene Colvin as their presiding officer and tho Mayor. All this Mr. Qoodell declined to do, but main tained the peace simply, and recognized the outbority of the Common Council, under the present charter, os paramount to every other. Hence Mr. Qoodell was one of the first vic tims of Colvin’s policy of revenge, which he will carry out probably daring the month that is loft to him. Tho prospect is that Hickey will escape Colvin’s wrath, because ho was most opportunely and significantly sick during tho trying times, and always shielded himself behind his superior officer, Mr. Qoodell. While wo think it was wise and proper to abolish the office of City Mar shal as a superfluity end needless expense, it is only fair to recollect thnt, during tho May oral struggle and through the conduct of the last city campaign and election, Marshal Qoodell acted in a straightforward and effi cient woy, and tho city owes him some grati tude for the able and conservative manage ment of tho police and maintenance of public order during the several weeks of doubtful Mayoralty. Ho is deserving of this much as an offset for Colvin’s exhibition of petty spite against him. Wo print this morning one of tho letters which Blaine took from Mulligan that did not appear in the batch sent from Wash ington so late Monday night that it was almost impossible for the morning news papers to print them. The letter wo refer to was written in 18C4, when Mr. Blaine was a member of Congress and also a stock holder in tho Spencer Hiflo Company. In it ho claims the merit of suggesting a legis lative amendment in the interest of the Company in which ho was a stockholder by tho favor of Mr. Fisher, to whom the letter was written. That amendment provided that when a corporation bad a Government tax to pay on manufactured goods, put on after a contract had been made, and the Government was tho purchaser of tho goods, then tho corporation could demaud that the Government assume tho tax or, in other words, release it. This was exactly the con dition of tho Spencer Kiflo Company, ns Blainb says in the same letter: “ Tho Government has accepted proposi tion to take all you manufacture till Sept. 1, 18C5.” Blaine all the time was drawing dividends on stock in this Company for which he hod given his note. Tho Democrats will, therefore, moke tho charge lie against him that ho not merely availed himself of his Congressional position to secure legislation favorable to a Company in which ho had on interest, but, in order to do this, he also schemed to deprive tho Government of its internal-revenue tax for his own benefit and the benefit of those associated with him. What is tho answer to this charge ? It will require another miserable batch of defensive explanations and apologies. Is ibis tho kind of platform or whioh to elect a President ? The Evening Journal, in a mild way, claims for Mr. Blaine the character of a Reformer (!) because it was bo who, in the winter of 1872, moved fora committee to in vestigate the Credifc-Mobilier frauds. That is very well ns a friendly suggestion in be half of a candidate who, once nominated, is to bo supported. But as a reason why Mr. Blainb should be selected as a Reform can didate, it is weak. The Credit-Mobilior ex posure was made by the Now York Sun months before, which paper published tho sworn evidence taken in a law-suit ponding in a Pennsylvania Court, in which evidence, a memorandum of Oars Ames, the name of Mr. Blainb was given as a recipient of Credit- Mobilier funds. Congress was not then in session. In the meantime, the matter was published far and wide, and tho scandal as sumed dreadful proportions, and the neces sity of on investigation by Congress was overwhelming and irresistible. Who should propose tho investigation—Democrats or Re publicans ? The Speaker of tho House and the President of tho Senate were both on the list of tho implicated parties. Mr. Blainb, feeling innocent himself, anticipated all action by others, and moved, in his own interest and self-protection, the appointment of a committee. Had he not done so, it would have been moved by some one else. The investigation was inevitable and could not have boon avoided; and, while ho is en titled to tho credit of making the motion,, there was nothing in the motion itself en titling the mover to bo considered as an ex poser of a monstrous fraud. When the volo was taken to expel Brooks and Aues, oh recommended by tho Committee, bo failed to carry out tho reform by voting to expel. In all the political calculations Wisconsin has been unhesitatingly put down for the Cincinnati nominee, whoever be may be. But this is very rash and rocldoua figuring. Wisconsin can bo carried for a first-class man, with a clean, safe, and sound record; hut cannot bo carried for anybody who may happen to got the nomination. In tho very best aspect, Wisconsin is a very doubtful Stote. Lost fall, when tho political wave was running strongly in favor of tho Republicans, at the November election, in consequence of their triumph in Ohio in October and other causes, Wisconsin was carried for Govenior but lost for all tho rest of tho State ticket. Mayor Ludihoton, of Milwaukee, was very popular in his own oily, and ran far ahead of his ticket, which saved his election by the small majority of 811 votes. Tho Democratic candidate for Lieutenant-Gover nor was elected by DIO majority, tboir Treas urer by 2,804, and their Attornoy-Gcneral by 1,804. For a State election the vote was a heavy one, and, as scon, taken together tho Democrats really had a majority of (ho pop. ular vote by more than l,ftoo. CanßuiN* cany Wisconsin ? This Ut a very important question. The Gormans bold the balance of power, and wo have scon no indications that they are enthusiastically for him in Wiscon sin, or for that matter anywhere else, They receive his name coldly in that State, os in this and in Ohio. Con Blaine be elected if Wisconsin is lost to the Republicans ? But tho reckless machine politicians will pay no heed to this danger, nor to auy other. A story ia told o! Secretary Ciundlxb, which redounds to his credit as a public offl cor, and which lays down a rale of action which other members of Congress might have followed with special benefit to the country and honor to themselves. Mr. Cuanoleb, while in the Senate! was offered an opportunity to subscribe some stock in a proposed horse-railway in Washington, whose franchise was to come from Congress, lie declined the offer, and said: I make It the invariable rule of my life cot to Uke stock or other pecuniary Interest in auy com pany chartered or otherwise aided by Congrees while lan talk* tonal* This enterprise of yuan las food one. A road la needed through tlio por tion of tbe city yon propuse to go, »i"l. if well managed, will pny n good percentage on tho in vestment. Ido not any there (a any Impropriety In Senators taking Block In 11. I have mndc Hie rnlu mentioned for myself only, and the more I think upon the subject tbo more ami disposed to adhere to It. Tho rcmd was built and wan profitable ; but while Mr, Cuandi,sq lost Bovoral thousand dollars by declining tho stock, and ww» never asked to vote for nny favorable legislation in Its Interest, he may congratulate himself up on a rule of public life which would have saved Mr. Hlaihr much pain and his party much anxiety if ho had boon governed by It. The New Turk Timet gives those newspapers which have been abusing It for “ shameful treatment" of Mr. Bi.ainii a very plump and satisfactory answer. It says: * The Time* lifts had no • ‘ favorite cimdldftto." Ita sale anxiety has been to prevent the National Con vention from accepting under false pretenses any candidate who would be a burden rather than a help to the party. It has never advocated tho can didature of sir. Itt.AtNß, and ft haa promptly rec ognised the unfitness to ocl oa the Republican standard-bearer of a man about whoso record there la ao much that is dubious, if not discredita ble. This answer ought to ho satisfactory, and will be to all except the machine papers. It reflects the policy of nil those papers which have tho best interests of the Republican party at heart, and wish to see It go Into tho campaign with n standard-bearer who will not be hampered with personal explanations and ugly private letters. One of the Hankins brothers, who arc no torious In this community as gamblers, is un der Indictment for gambling. Jefferson Han kins, a gambler, a business partner and brother of the indicted Hankins, Is on the petit jury that will try the ease. How did this happen 1 Who packed thtt Jury ! This Is not an ordinary outrage. It exceeds In coolness and brazen audacity any jury-packing that has been done In this city for many years. Some one is re sponsible fur St, and Judge Moore, In whose court the jury will sit, cannot afford to over look this defiance of justice. The public will expect of him that he shall locate the responsi bility of this infamous outrage where it be longs, and properly punish the scoundrel who perpetrated It. Is tim great lowa banker going to run an other comer In produce in this market? and on whose capital will it be operated this time? were questions asked ou ’Change yesterday. PERSONAL. Charles Fisher, tbe admirable actor, now in his Ofith year, is soon to bo married to a member of Mr. Daly’s company, aged 10. Buy tho Evening Telegraph, and read its fresh reports of rapes and abortions, which, to quote from Mr. Storey’* able prospectus, arc “dished up So a palatable manner. " Tho Prince of Wales* tigers wear collars on which are inscribed the names Moody and Pankey, one name to a tiger. We aru not informed whether * 1 the sweet singer ” keeps up his reputation in his namesake. Mr. Baird, tho famous Iron-master of Scotland, whose munificent gifts to the Church of Scotland have been noticed in the public prints, contem plates the bestowal of another half-million sterling to Pfesbytcrian uses. A Hartford paper cruelly remarks that tho ball dab of that city Is deficient only In brains. There may be persona who cannot understand how brains can be used in playing baso-ball. But tbe Hartford paper Is right, nevertheless. Oliver Wendell Holmes, at the last meeting of tbe Harvard Advocate editors, read a poem en titled “The Old Horse, ’• a sequel to “Tho Wonderful Ono-lloss Shay," the leading character being the boss instead of the shay. Ex-Senator Sprague Is superintending the repair of the dam Atßaltic, and is said to bo thu hardest working man in ills gang, lie is frequently to be seen as laic a« 10 o'clock at night coming from up the river, where be lias been laboring all day, with a large force of men, driving logs down the stream. Tax TiunuNß is now prepared to furnish tho “bottom facts" of the shell scandal concerning Mr. Bristow. Tho escapade took place at Shiloh, instead of at Fort Donclson. us reported. The shell exploded a few feet over Mr. Bristow’s head, and, although not hit by any of thu pieces, be basely permitted himself to bo stunned by tbu con cussion, nod fell from bis horse. In this condition he was taken up for dead, aod was carried to the rear. A New York paper has printed n private letter In regard to the political situation, written by Mr. Colfax. Ho secs “reactionary signals " upluour politics. Tbo hard times, the uncertainty of get ting any Republican electoral votes iu the South, and the multiplication of the Independent voters on tbe face of tho earth,—all these things admonish tbe Republican leaders to be prudent. Mr. Colfax estimates the independent vote as being 10 per cent of tbo aggregate cast by both parties, and, under the circumstances, thinks tho Cincinnati Conven tion cannot allurd to nominate any but tbu strong est man. The'London Timet notices the selection of Mr. Plcrrcpont for the English Mission In a well-in formed and Impartial manner, and concludes that there Is nothing more to be urged against him than an error of judgment In the Babcock case. In summing up his qualifications fur thu position, tho Timri says: “In tho negotiations with the En glish Government which are needed to re-establish the right of extradition on n satisfactory basis, Mr. I'ierrepunt'd legal capacity, his moderation of character, and thu common-sense sagacity for which ho obtains general credit, will, no doubt, bo useful to his couutry, and will not lack apprecia tion here." A yarn Is carrent In Wall street, says the New York Worlds to the olivet that one of Uncle Dan’l Drew’s old brokers went np lust week to see the old gentleman, and found him bright and dry. While ho was there on old Pomoranlan creditor of Undo Don’l came in to zee aboud somcdlngs. As ho on* toted the sick-room an alarming change came over Uncle Dsn. 110 hnd ono oyo shut already. Ho shut the other. 110 drow ap his knees and went Into a convulsion, followed by another own more alarming, with a general appearance of groat pain. ‘'MclnGott, id (s a vino gumedy," said tho cred itor, musingly, but went away after a time, “Utcow did I do It, Tom?” asked tbs aged Methodist, aox lously. Tho muster of students in Paris to attend Miche let's funeral has led to tho proposal of an Interna tional Students’ Congress, such its was bold at Llego in IHttt, when tho most extravagant tenets wore put forward. An address has been Issued suggesting the summer of 187 M, when the Univer sal Exposition will be open at Paris, as a proper time for the Congress, und urgently pressing tho students of Italy, and Europe generally, to at tend. The students, wo understand from tho ad dress, desire nothing so earnestly ns the dochrls* Utilization of the Latin races. Hut tho French students scorn to hcllevu only In a limited frater nity. When one of the speakers at the meeting at which the address was prepared exclaimed, “Lot us stretch a friendly hand übovo the ruins of Htraibourg to our brethren of Merlin.” many of the Paris students and all tho Provincial delegates left tho room, and a protest against any such overtures hoa already been signed by more lunoCWJ students. MOTBL xumvil.B. Palmtr lhvtt~-V, A. Hull, Toronto; E. 11. Deckormaa,'Brooklyn; J. T. and K. It. Wood, Liverpool. Em;.: Ueorgo West, llullstnn, K. Y.; Thomas van Valkutiburg, Lockport; 11. 11. Hall, latwrcncc, Mass.; Leon Sapuka, Itusslu; W. 8. liendor, Nevada; 11. C. Church, Lowull. Muss.; T. Clapp. Plltsfleld, Mass.; \Y. 8. Thorn, Pennsylvania; A. Met). Hatley, Pittsburg....r/ra/uf Paeljtc— D. M. Kelly, Wisconsin; 8. I). ffobculhal, Houston, Texas; Charles Muckin, England: James M. Carter, Liv erpool; p. Itegnona, Mexico: K. Clark, Jr., Buf falo; John Ityers, Jr., Manchester, Eng.; P. Van Zanell Lane, New York; F. Agthe, llalelgh, N. C.; C. Bernstein, Berlin, Germany: Paul llyan, Berlin.... Treinont J/owse—Tho lion. W. A. Atkinson, Itochustcr: the Hun. O. 8. Tracy, Htcrling; Henry Woodbury, New York; the Hon. William Binsmure, Keene, S. II.; A. K. Oazman, Montreal; tho lion. W. 8. Osbom, Quincy; tho Hon. Wallace Johnson, Buffalo; C. I). Ellinccr, Cleveland; the Hon. W. B. Sullivan, Mis sissippi. ...Sherman J/ousr-—Tho Hon. J- U. PbllUrlok. Superintendent of Public Schools, Boston: Col W. It. Cralge, Itochesler; tho Hon. A. T. Tuttle. Cuunecticut; the lion. J. It. Ter huuu, New York; 0. H. House, Lansing; the Hun. E. Strother, Virginia City; Col. L. E. Warren, New York: tho lion. E. L. Horsey, Minnesota; the Hon. J. U. Bailey, Freeport; the Hon. A. Goodmer, Columbus; J. D. Brown, Sedalia, Mo.; U. T. Leahey and J. C. llayues. New Yutk....Oar<in4f Uouh— J. M. Lincoln, Providence, It. I.; E. L. Hal), Baltlmoro; J. A. Crawford, Davenport, la. ; Juba Uruascap, Lan caster, Pa.; C. L. Watson, Capo May; S. W. V. Osgood, Texas; W. A. Wallace, Mechanlcsburg, 111.: S. D. Thompson. Ithaca, N. Y.; C. Q, Wicxer, Michigan; W. C. Arons, Clnclnuatl; D. L. Shearer. New York; W. P. Cottle, New Or- Ua<u. WHISKY. First Day of the Trial of Aid. Cullerton ■j Sworn that He Put on Duplicate Stamps at Two Distilleries. And Also Connived at Acts of Fraud by Others. Mayor Colvin to He Called ns n Witness Against Him IVDny. Light Sentence! Given Some St. Louis Dl>- tillora and Ecotifiora CUIiT.EUTON. FIIIST DAT OP 1113 TRIAL. Aid. Cullerton and his counsel, Judge Let flngwcll, were on time yesterday morning, their punctuality forming au exception to the general rule pursued by tho defendants In tho whisky cases. They took their scats at one of tha trial-tables, and awaited the pleasure of tho Court, ready to go on with the trial, and not dodge behind a plea of guilty on minor counts. The Government was represented la force by District-Attorney Bangs, Mr. Ayer, and Mr. Boutel). After disposing of several civil matters, Judgo Blodgett asked District-Attorney Bangs If Id was ready to proceed. Mr. Bangs said ho was ready in tho case against Cullerton, aod Judgo Leillugwell announced that he also was ready. TUBJURT was then called and sworn and examined by Mr. Buutell for the Government. Tho Interro gations were about as follows: Du you know tho defendant, Philip Wads worth, or J. D. Wurdl Did you over make or sell spirits! Have you formed or expressed any opinions In reference to the testimony of ueeompUecst Have the newspapers produced any Impres sion on your mind in regard to this matter of the testimony of accomplices? One man, 'Mr. Hunt, hud the courage to say that it would take pretty good corroboration to mai:c him believe tbo testimony of au accom plice. Mr. Ayer did not like this, which was not very surprising. He maintained the surrounding cir cumstances determined the weight to be given to the testimony of Urn accomplice, lie then asked the Juror If he would convict on tho testimony of nn accomplice, provided it was not corroborated* Air. Hunt said ho could tell better utter he heard the testimony, and the Court said that whs un emi nently proper reply. Still, Air. Hunt said ho was perfectly unbiuhcu and unprejudiced. The other Jurors were examined In order, and mure than one seemed to have opinions of accom plices nut wholly favorable to such Individuals, out they all llimtly admitted that they would look to tho surrounding circumstances, the natural man ner of the witness, and the consistency mid liar money ut his story In relation to the other circum stances In the case, before they decided whether the accomplice was worthy to be believed. Mr. Hunt und Air. Elliott were eliminated by Mr. BouCell’s imu-looth combing process, aud Calvin Gilbert and 1). 1). .McKinney were culled up to sup ply their places. The lormcr wits taken aud tna tatter was left. He had sold liquor lu days of vi>». i‘V(-n before ttiere was such a thing as tho United States Revenue law, and the Gov mm. JuimM. cruwford was tho last inuu to make up the twelve. He was accepta ble to the Government, and the defense announced that they were sutiptled with the Jury us It stood. Tlic names of the members are us follows : U. 11. Holltster, Huckton, Winnebago County: Henry Lee, Mlilcrsburg, Mercer County; John M, Craw ford. Nachusa, kee County; James Duke. Hosella, Henderson County; W. 0. Toudey, Wueuton, Du!Mge County; Amos Bunker, Woodstock, Mc- Henry County; C. A- Worden, Wuukcguu. Lake County; Calvin Gilbert, Union, McHenry County; Charles Curtis, Downer’s Grove, Dul'ugu County: Martin Gay, Galesburg, Knox County; Russell Neogcr, Grant Park, mmkukeo Couuty; E. I*. Messer, Llbertyvllle, Luke County. MU. AVER, on behalf of tho Government, made tbe opening statement, lie said the delenduul was indicted for perpetrating frauds uu thu revenue in connec tion with thu Illinois Distilling Company and Dickenson, Abel & Co. He was a Gauger, and re ceived his appointment In 1b74. Hlu first assign ment was ut the distillery of the Illinois Distilling Company. He was charged In tho first count witn uenietieul/ permitting the fraudulent removal of tmlrlis, and in the second count the charge wad that bo negligently permitted these frauds to go on. Tue tluru and murid counts charge the eaaia offenses at Dickenson, Leach £ Co. 'a distillery, •vie remolding counts charged conspiracy with various uauivn to dvtruudthu Government of tho tax on distilled spirits. air. iiyer then went into a pretty extended ex planation of thu duties ami responsibilities of Gaugers, ami the general provisions of thu lleveuue laws. This Is a subject on which Mr. Ayer loves to dilute, lie did so at some length In thu Muun trial, and bunco bis remarks will not be repeated here. f rauds, said Mr. Ayer, at tbo distilleries wens Impossible without the knowledge and connivance of ihu Gaugers and Storekeepers, and It would be proved that Cullerton knew of these frauds, con nived at them, helped put ou stamps which had ouco been used, ami that hu received pay for this Irom tbe distillers. This would not be proved by olio witness only, but by several. To bo sure, tho Government must use men to prove this who were somewhat tainted and corrupted, but in this class of offenders tbo testimony of accomplices was all that could be resorted to. A conspiracy could be Kud In no other way, and were this of testimony to to be disbelieved, such crimes would go unpunished. It was nut necessary to corroborate the testimony of nn accomplice. Ills manner, thu consistency of his story, ami thef surrounding circumstances w ero to be considered. .Mr. UulK-rtuu bud also been an Alderman fur several months. He was un active man lu politics. He. was until very recently * Colvin man. Suddenly, hu turned his back on Colvin and opposed him, uud hud been one of thu most .active men In thu Council to get Colvin out. Colvin was surprised, and Cuilertun told til in, ua mi explanation and un excuse, that he had changed his position because hu hud been promised Immuni ty iu these whisky prosecutions. Colvin told him ho didn't want any man to go to thu I'eiiUentlury ou bis account. That was the excuse ha gave fur tho course he took. JUDdG I.BFPINOWBLL said ho knew nothing of the evidence for tho Gov ernment except what hud been alluded to. If Mayor Colvin hnd to be brought Into the case, and the Government hud to report to him (u make out a case, he supposed he would have to do the best ho coiud, but tins Mas entirely new to him. He bad only been Informed of U during the morning. He wan confident of hU client's Innocence, and nssert ed that the Government, In the prosecution of this Indictment, would most signally fail to satisfy uny intelligent, uny reasonable, uny honest mind that theru was one word of truth In uny count hi the indictment. Conllnlng the investigation to the legitimate Issues involved, bo believed ho would be able to establish, by testimony of a character nnauestlulied, to the entire satisfaction not only of the jury, but of the entire world, that the defendant was ue innocent of wbat was Im puted to him as was Judge Lofllngwell, or tho Jurors either. Thu cute was thus opened and tho Government called on to produce Its testimony. C. A. VBKUIIO was tbc first witness, ifls testimony was as fob lows: 1 have been in Chicago Hinco 1854. 1 was a Storekeeper at Dickenson, Leach JSCo. 'a from Feb ruary lu March, 1870. Cullerlon und Milter were Gaugers there thou. Frauds wore of cuuuuou occurrence. They confuted most ly In duplicating stamps. Thu goods were shipped to I'urker It. Mnson’s rectifying house. About 160 liu-rolsof crooked went out a month. George T. Burroughs inunlpuluted the crooked business, and hud general charge of thewUie-room and the warehouse; gd. f>o u barrel wua the rugula tiuu price u»cd in corrupting Gaugers. 1 can't tell how much he received. 1 received between S~OO und SdoU that month. The stamps were put in tho second time in the wine-room, but wu were not al lowed In there when uny crooked work was done. Burroughs was In there then. It was Cullerton’s duty to I>u In the wine-room, and see that no spirits went out that hud not paid the tax. Burroughs went Into (he wine-room and locked the door. Cullcrton allowed him to go In. and then cullerlon and 1 went into tho odlce. This may have occurred three times during the month. 1 was at the Illinois Distillery in March and April. Cullerlon was there In April. Duplicate stumps were also used there, und they pot out about 150 barrels a mouth. I saw Cullerlon pul on duplicate stamps six or seven Hints. U was done in the wlne-routa and ia the warehouse. W hen put on in the wine-room, the barrels were taken to Crosby's. 1 was paid W a barrel; once by Mr. Dallentlne and once by Mr. Stebblus. Cullerlon used to speak of the stamps coming out In good shape. Cullerlon and Cord were paid tho same, but 1 only know that from w hat Cord said. One storekeeper or Ounucr did not know what another was paid. Tbs distillery crowded mashes, and look Ibu surplus over the fourteen quarts. 1 don't know whether 1 have been Indicted or nut OUO3B-BXAUINED bi,V4O-i*A*ntni4,. by Judge Lefflogwell—l lived in Wisconsin before Coming hero. 1 was born in (lermany. and left there lu IKjJ. I was mall agent on the Burlington itoad for four years; worked ia tho Post-Office here, and carried on a manufacturing business In town; I make baby-carriages. I went UUo tho Government service July ■*. 1800. and continued In the Government’s employ HU Junel. l»7o. * knew In 1871 that the Government was being de frauded, and 1 received a little money. 1 took an official oath wheu I was appointed, and I took an oath when I made out my pay-roll. 1 never made any returns of materials under oath. Cullerlon had to learn the whole business I instructed him Ut out hla (CHUM* X understood that

Other pages from this issue: