Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, November 22, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated November 22, 1866 Page 2
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Chicago tribune. DAILY, THI-VYEEKLY ASC WEEKLY OFFICB. No- SI OLARK-BT, Tiere are twee editions of tte TuauK* tsnxM. I*U Every BonUns. for'circulation by camera, oewtmeo ais ttc sails. 3d. The Tm Weaxv, Monday*. Woi- Ci-iuiya ana rndayr, tor tfc<* rn.Mli only; sad tj»e Weekly, ca Thursdays, tor tha mam and-sale at oar Cjsi>racdh newsmen. Term* ofilie Chicago Tribunes s S 3 •• tKcorlootcjMr SO Uo Wfr»T.a**rs'ccorronp .. - six mouths 100 Clut* 'i 1™ copies. one year 17 00 C.u'is e; tw<T.t>. one year 3a OO Ar.fl rr«- extra eery to cettcr cp 01 a cioi> ol ty Money by Dratt, Express or la necittere* Let* l r*. r-.»y ’.«* wmt *t oar nsfe. rT~ i:c:nillanreßlorclnMiac#t.lo»llc»9«,MTnafia ct, r.c time- Hut additions may be made at anytime, n rales, attes tUc cJoMut* been raised, proTldtd n tr.ll ye.xr'j snliserintlon I* made- NOTICE TO MTTI li CKTIUrB?. — 11l CltlCrtllX tllG SddfCSS Ol your paper* cbac<m<i, to rreTcnl delay, be sure and ipt-cify what edition you tat*—Weekty, Tri-Wecldy, or Uu'.:y. Ai*o.ctTc year pßXssxT and iumreaddress. THURSDAY, NOVEifBER 22. 1665. THE STATE CONSTITUTION, ;;o proposition to hare a Convention to r.d and revise the Constitution of the Sato of Illinois, If submitted to the people, --:ld unquestionably receive tbe approval of three-fourth? of the voters ; and it is ns :n' ;t:e?iionably true that a Constitution n'.ideruizcdnnd adapted to the growth and progress of the Slate, would meet with an entially cordial approval. With these facts known and ascertained, the opposition to any practical measure for obtaining these n-sults* is of necessity factious. The Con stitution of a State is, or ought to be, the reflection of the popular v. ill ; unless it be an embodiment of the pop ular will, it lacks the essential principle which gives life to all such Instruments. A Constitution may be deficient Inform, may want completeness and symmetry in its pro portions, but, having thie approval of the people, it has that essential feature for which there can be no valid substitute. The Constitution of the United States is the coll-cted will of the whole people, es pite.-cd through several distinct and sepa- rate Stale organizations. By it llte people of the n.-poctive Stales are bound as a nation, atid t-.u-li State assumes responsibili ties and obligations to the other Slates, and to all the States, which it is not at liberty to disregard or to change without the n ::sent of tbe whole, which consent must 1 e ascertained in tbe mode prescribed by the Constitution itself. But the Const! tution of the State of Illinois is nothin; more than a law enacted hy the people of ;his Stale fur their own exclusive govern- Cicnt. There are no parlies to it hut the people themselves. While of course it must be subject in all things to the other and higher law of the National Constitution, it receives its vitality exclusively from the people of this State, and can be amended, changed, or abrogated hy them alone. A himself to do an act , ul a particular lime and iu a particlar form : if tlicre be no oili'.r ] arty interested In the proceeding but Liair.'l', can he not set aside his agreement u itb himself, and do the act at any time and in any other form, without impairing Us va lidity? Cannot a voluntary association, hound by laws and regulations of the most strina-nt character, abolish these laws by dissolving the organization and making a new one. Who made the clause of our Slate Constitution respecting the time and mode of amending that Constitution? The pco 3'le. It was a voluntary contract made with tncinselvcs that they would not amend their Constitution except in the manner therein stated. Uavc they no power to set aside their own contract with themselves? Have they no power to release themselves from a promise made to themselves? All power Is In their hands, and yet they arc denied the power of selling aside a provision of law made by themselves, affecting only them selves, and m which no one but themselves Lave the remotest interest or concern. Can an individual thus bind himself? Can a whole people thus bind themselves? The people are the depository of all power to make and unmake constitutions.’ That pow er cannot be delegated to any other body. It cannot be abridged; ills coextensive with the existence of the people, who can no more part with that power than can an individual part with his life and continue to live. They cannot divest themselves of that power; nor can they abridge it, or limit It. They may rcluse to exercise it; they may exercise it or not when they please, or they may exercise It in one mode or In another, but they cannot destroy the power nortic their own Lands by any written agreement with themselves not to exercise it but at stated intervals or in particular modes. The provision of the Constitution of this State which prohibits the people thereof from amending their Constitution in any other mode than that which Is there written, is In direct conlllct with an indefeasible right of the people, which is superior to the Con stiimiuu itself; it is u direct dental by the Constitution of the power which created the Constitution, and to which it owes what ever vitality it has. AH Hint *ls needed to authorize a Conven th-n to propose amendments to the State Constitution is the expression of the will of tin- people to that end. Their affirmative authority is essential to warrant any such action. To ascertain the popular will, re* (.iiires form and law. The Legislature of the I Slate, knowing the almost universal wish for a t:cw Constitution, will do violence to the people if they withhold from the latter the opportunity of expressing -their .will in the matter. Why should the Legislature undertake to say that the people shall not Lave the opportunity to order, by a direct popular vole, the meeting of a Convention to revise the Constitution? Let the people vote upon that question, a:.d their action will have all the affirmative authority necessary to make that Constitu tion constitutional. Can there be In the Con stitution a clause having- an authority superior to the mandate of the people who c;cate that Constitution? Suppose the Legis lature nider an election upon the question of Convention or no Convention, and that election to take place iu November, ISCS, and the people vole affirmatively. Wherein v\ill that Convention be more authorized to prepare amendments to the Constitution, than would a Convention ordered by the people at an election held In May next ? Would not its whole authority he derived from the aIT iim.tivc vote of the people, and has that vote more legal authority In November of (no jear than in May of another year? It will not do to say that lu one case the Con vention would meet in compliance with the terms ( f the Constitution, and In the other would m 4. The Convention In both eases would exclusively derive Its authority from the c.Nprc.-si-d command of the people, and i» no way from the existing Constitution. It is the authority of the people that is the cssrutial particular in the matter. The jact is, the whole objection to the ...nudia'e call of a Constitutional Conven tion ; ror*'cde from a distrust of the people. The ] eoplc aie ridden to death by monopo .‘■js in every form. They cab have no relief ut the hands o! the Legislature; the only eh.rue to save and protect Illinois from f.dlh g Into the hands of corporations Is to Lm e r> i • w Constitution, in which will be sc cure-' the sights and liberties now so greatly Imperilled. But, lor the present, all we ask of the Legislature is that they Will give the people !hc opportunity of ordering a Consti tutional Convention at an election to be held before T 'inc next. Let the Legislature leave to the people the decision of any cou;tiiu linral doubt*, and by their decision, o: course, the whole question will he settled. THE AND NECBO MIFFRAGH, The Governors of North Carolina and Florida, following the example of the Gov ernors of Mississippi. Georgia and Alabama, luwc recommended in their annual roessag<*a. that the Legislatures of their respective gjr.tv.' ••hall reject the proposed Constitu tional Amendment. There is no doubt whau-v.-r but the recommendation Trill be promptly followed in both cases. Notone of the ten unreconstructed States will ever 'ratify ■ bat Amendment voluntarily, so long as they arc governed and controlled by the nun who participated in the rebellion or sympathized with It. They find .the third section .specially distasteful, and declare that they will never, with their own hands, place the seal of ignominy upon their lead ers, who only carried out the views and vishes entertained in common by the gicat mass of the Southern people. The proposition of universal suffrage is far loss odious and unpopular in the Sooth at this moment, than the Constitutional Amend ment. Of coarse, the South is almost unan imous :u opposition to ncero suffrage in any shape or form, and would regard it as a lueasurc only to be accepted on the compul sion of strong necessity. Nothing is more directly at war with the prejudices engender ed by the system of slavery—prejudices that have taken such deep root that their Imme diate eradication is quite out of the question. Nevertheless, as between the third section of the Amendment and universal suffrage, the South, we arc satisfied, would have no hes itation in accepting the latter, as “ the least of two evils.” They think that if-they should ratify the Amendment they would be guilty of a violation of personal honor. They say they were all equally guilty of re bellion, and that it would, be au act of base ness and treachery' for the mass of the peo ple now to turn upon their lute leaders and aid in Imposing civil disabilities upon them. To universal suffrage there Is no such objec tion. They look upon it as undesira ble, as humiliating, as an evil to be avoided, and yielded to only on necessity, yet as vast ly preferable to the other. The late elections have satisfied reflecting men in the South, that in any event the North will have its own way in the work of reconstruction. And while this conviction has, os yet, failed to make a single convert to the Amendment, so far as wo arc aware, it has not Called to elicit an expressed readi ness to consider and examine the subject of negro suffrage as a “choice of evils.” It Is morally certain the South will not accept U of its own accord, even lij the mild form pre scribed by the Chicago* Times; but if it tbould come to a question between uni versal suffrage, and remaining unrepresented, we bare no doubt they wduld swallow the suffrage pill, bitter as it might be. The Mo bile AdeertUer and Itcqlsier, one of the ablest and most influential Journals of the South, and edited and published by men who were in the South and with the South during the war, after quoting ihc article of the Times in favor of qualified negro suffrage, makes the following comments: “ Our people aiul especially our legislators and public Wen had best put on their thinking caps ai.d examine this important question In all Its bearings of policy, duty and honor, and ace whether they arc potent enough to overcome the prejudices and sentiments which the South has cherished and entertained on this subject for generations. As for approving of negro suffrage on Its naked merits and as an abstract qoesMm, no man can, who believes that this was intended to be “a while man's Government,” and that the vice of the American system is already a right of Pmirage already too greatly extended, and that the evil would only he augmented by opening it to black voters. But the question, unhappily, docs not come up in ibis way. Ulspret-envcdas a choice of evils and complicated with considerations of vital moment to our rights, safety and liberties a* a people. This question is just looming up as a leading one of pnullc policy, and we have felt it ourduty to bring it forward at once for the calm and solemn reflection of the people. Certainly if there Is any thing that we can do, in reason and honor, to oat an end to Sontbcrn impoverishment and political semtude, and to arm Hie dangers ahead, and bring about a pacification of the Union, it behooves us to do It.” The New Orleans Commercial publishes the article of the Times in full, and in its edito rial comments, says: “The ultimatum is broadly, plainly and square ly pu«. It distinctly states that negro suffrage Is inevitable, and the question now Is how't can be shorn of its objectionable features I The Times proposes that this shall be done by adopting the »T&rem which prevail- in Massachusetts, of re quiring every voter to have a property or an edn cnttocal qualification. We clve the programme lu mil, because we consider the i«uo plainly ntartc. The North will soon be united on this (.abject, and the Sooth v\ ill have to adopt one of two alternatives, to accept qualified sultrag •, or con»tnt to be governed without aqy voice m the conduct of her Government.” In all this we see an evident disposition to prepare the public mind for the inevitable. The decree has gone forth, and the South will do well to act accordingly. There can be no permanent reconstruction without ne gro suffrage, since the South rejects the Amendment. AGE OF THE CALIFORNIA .HAIL BOUTS. Or. Monday next, tbe first great public benefit from the Union Pacific Railroad will be realized ; the first evidence ofits incalcu- lahle importance to the whole country prac tically placed before the people. On that day the route of the Great California Over- land Mail between New York and San Fran- cisco will be changed so as to go by way of Chicago instead of St. Louis, attaining at once a saving of about fosr days in Its trau- sit from New York across the North Fork of ihe Platte River. To effect this the routes selected for Tis carriage will be via Allentown and Pittsburgh to this city ; from here, by way of the Cedar Rapids and Clinton Northwestern Railroad, line of the Woodbine, thence by stage to Council Bluffs, crossing the Missouri River there to Omaha, and taking the Union Pacific Railroad to its present terminus. The only break in the railroad communication in this line is the short gap between Woodbine and Council Bluffs, a distance of thirty-five miles; but the Cedar Rapids & Council Bluffs Railroad is already completed five miles beyond Wood bine, and by the first ol January will be fin- Isltcd to Council Blufis. In addition to the general interest which Chicago has, in common with all other parts of the country, in the increased rapidity of transit of the California mail, this new arrangement will be productive of a great direct advantage to oar city, in the establishment of a direct through train from here clear across the Slate of lowa. Hitherto, and even at the present time, the train which left Chicago in the morning on this lowa line, went no further than Cedar Rapids, lying over there for the evening train to overtake it and go on to the end of the line. This has thrown the mom- log papers and malls twelve hours late, to the great inconvenience of people at both ends of the line. By the change about to be inaugurated however, a through morning train will be necessitated, to accommodate tbe California mail. It will leave here at 8:15 a. m., take on sleeping cars at Cedar Rapids and reach ’Woodbine at 8:13 the next morning. The stage leaving Woodbine on the arrival of the train, will reach Council Bluffs at five o’clock in the evening, and the same evening both mails and passengers will be whirling along, over the Union Pacific Railroad, out through the grand Volley of the Platte. About fifteen hours from Omaha to the North Fork of the Platte will be the run- nini' time, so that in forty-eight hours from the time of leaving this city one may reach the North Fork, half way to tbe Rocky Mountains, and, in a little over six days, may get there from New York. By the first of January this time will be short- coed seven hours, os the coaching between Woodbine and Council Bluffs will then be done away with. Until that time, mails and passengers coming castwardly will leave Connell Bluffs at nine o'clock a. in., reach Woodbincat five p. m., and at 0::’0 p. m. lake the train for Chicago, arriving her.--', fie same hour on the succeeding day*. There can be no doubt of the completion of the Cedar Rapids Road by the time named, as Douglas & Brown, the contractors f r grading, will have all their work per [ foi med by the end of the present month, and .Tackman & Warner, the contactors for track-laying, are putting down the rails at the rate oi from a mile to a mile and a half per diem. In less than forty fair working days the work will be done. The contractors for building tiffs road arc to receives bonus of the sum of SIOO,OOO if this branch be completed to Council Blnffs by the Ist of April. There will be no difficulty about tbeir gainintr-lhis premium on expedi tion, as they will b&vo three months to spare. Thu Union Pacific Railroad Company have laid down allthc iron at their present dis posal, and, finding difficulty in obtaining It rapidly enough by way of the Missouri River to keep tbeir forces employed, have dc- : lermined to cease farther until next spring. They have completed the bridge across the North Fork and laid their track over It, so as to deliver malls, freight and passengers to Halliday’s overland stage line on the west side of the river, and now their workmen arc encamped on that side, awaiting the recommence ment of operations on the road. The preparations Tor resumption of their work ore being made with the same energy and enterprise which have characterized their progress thus far, and there appears at present no reason to doubt the realization of the hope of Mr. Dnrant, that they will have three hundred miles more completed by the time of the grand Northwestern Railway ex cursion In Jane next. A contract has been made with the Northwestern Railroad Com pany, to carry the Iron and other needed material for the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad, over Ibe rails of the former, in cats owned by the latter, at very reason able rates, and the contractors for track-lay lug arc ready to engage to finish the road next spring at any rate required by the company not to exceed tlirce miles per diem. Either Denver or a point due noitb Mr. Durant is confident of .-aebingin one hundred working days from the .imc of recommencing the westward movunent, which will probably he in the •iUc- ; pari of February or the first of March, t rom the present terminus of the road to the meridian on which Denveris located is about three hundred miles, so that to make that distance in the allotted time the unparal ! Icled-spcctaclcwillbc allordcd of steadily and I continuously constructing a railway at the ; rule » f three miles per diem. : Tiie public have many reasons for a feeling • of dtep gratification with the results already achieved by the gigantic enterprise of the Union Picltic Railroad, even in Its present incomplete form. As we have shown, it greutiy shortens the time of communication between the extreme Eastern and Western sections of our country, it encourages greater facilities for the convenience of the travelling public, and last, hut not least. It induces a change in the arrangements of the railway system of the Northwest, by which Intelli gence, public and private, is transmitted in hours, between remote sections, where here tefme days have been consumed in transit. By the new arrangement, the Chicago Tut* nrxL of one day v* 111 reach Omaha on the afternoon of the next, and two days from date will be read on the hanks of the North Fork of the Flatte, while the same means which produce the result will also divert to our rich metropolis of the Northwest the business of all the great territory of Nebras ka and the lands beyond, which has In the past been forced to St. Louis. Omaha busi ness men now find Chicago nearer to them than St. Joseph, not to speak of St. Louis, and in the announcement of the change in the direction of the California mall we hoar the first chink of a golden shower of pros perity which this new railway system will conduct to the t4 flardeo City-” ’ py Some dozen years ago a secret organi zation was formed In a number of States, Laving for its object the disfranchisement of foreign bom citizens, and the prevention of foreigners from becoming voters; the organi zation was kuowu as the “Know Nothings.” The Copperheads of the present time who oppose the enfranchisement of men of color ore Just ns much Know Nothings in principle as were those who in 1553-1 advocated the disfranchisement of foreigners. There is in fact more Know Nolblngism in proscribing a native born on account of bis color, than in proscribing an alien because of his foreign birth. Both are utterly IndclcnsVblc, anti democratic and disgraceful. The Know Nothings soon got ashamed ot their platform and abandoned their organization. Those calling themselves “ democrats” will soon get ashamed of their anti-negro Know No thinglsm, and in a few years hence they will deny that they ever were opposed to im partial suffrage and equal political rights. WHEN SHAbL TUli FORTIETH CONGRESS .TIBET I It U conceded by all that the people. In ! giving to the Republican party the’ numeri cal strength in both branches of Congress to and dictate the entire policy of the Government, will hold that party responsi ble for the manner in which they execute the trust- Andrew Johnson confesses that henceforth during his term he will be but a cypher in the administration of national af fairs. The opposition have not only the power to defeat all his measures, but they have the power to cany on the Government utterly regardless of hla existence. They have the power to enact all laws over his vetoes, and the power at any moment to dis miss him should he hesitate or fall In exe cuting the will of the Legislature. He may then truly say that he Is no longer responsi ble for the policy of the Government, be cause all control in that Government bos been taken from bis hands by the people and transferred to Congress. , The people did not effect this revolution by accident. They did not do it blindly nor wilhont a purpose. They did it deliberately ! and with a fhll consciousness of what they were doing. They Intended by their act to enable Congress to conduct the Government with the co-operation of the Executive if possible, but whether he co-operated with them or not, Congress was to administer the Government. They elected the Fortieth Congress with the avowed intent that that Congress should dictate tho entire policy of the Government, civil, military, foreign and domestic. In the transfer of the power was of course involved a transfer of the responsi bility. The Fortieth Congress, however, will not, according to law, assemble until December, 3807. The present Congress will expire offi cially on the 8d of March, 1807. Between these two dates the long period of niuo months will intervene, ami, unices some pre ventive measures be taken this session, An drew Johnson will have that whole season In which to swing around the circle iu his own peculiar mode. The Constitution provides that Congress shall meet at least once in every year, and the session shall commence on the first Monday in December, unless a different day is appointed by law. There is, therefore, no constitutional difficulty in the vray of providing by law for the meeting of the Fortieth Congress on the first day of May, 1807. It cun then meet, and organize and regulate its own adjournments. We can imagine j;o more wholesome restraint upon Andrew Johnson than the presence in Washington of Congress, and when It la considered that the people have directly delegated to Congress the duty of governing the country, can Con gress safely undertake to discharge that duty by leaving the Government iu the bands of Andrew Johnson during the long vacation irom March to December? Had Congress been in session In the summer of ISCS, when the President put his reconstruction policy into operation, wo would have had none of the subsequent troubles. The whole busi ness would have been disposed of a year since. He look advantage of the lone recess of Congress to inaugurate all the mischief which has since perplexed and injured the country. Warned by the experience of the past, and by the desperate spirit of the man, will Congress be doing its duty to the country by giving him a like opportunity again ? *Wc suggest, then, the wisdom, as a pre cautionary measure, of the prescut Congress providing by law lor the meeting of the For tieth Congress on the first of May. or Juno next. The interregnum between the close of the present and commencement of the next session ought not to be ot any serious or dangerous length. We do not propose that that Congressman be continuously in session. But it should bo called into official existence at an early day, and then it could provide for the protection of the country, and he a check upon the usurpations of the President. It would add nothing seriously to the cost of Congress, because members arc now paid by the year, and the saving I#o the country in other respects may prove' of the most im portant character. We make the suggestion, and believe that U will strike the country favorably. __ AW URI’IRE AT HAND. The presence of Hon. John Morrissey at Washington, where Uc has been consulting with President Johnson, promises to assume great importance. There was a prize fight at Alexandria, on Tuesday, between Mike Carr, Esq., of Washington, andW. 11, White, Esq., of Baltimore. Fifty-four rounds were fought in thirty-six minutes, which was pretty lively work, and Mr. Carr is reported to have won the fight fairly; but the referee decided iu favor of Mr. White, on the ground that Mr. Carr had dealt a foulMjlow. The backers - of Mr. Carr Lave refused to pay tbeir bets, until the matter is decided by high pugilistic authority; and there is no one, probably, belter qualified to give an opinion than the distinguished Dcmocraticatatcsman from the Fifth District of New York. In a similar encounter with Yankee Sullivan, in 1853, the Uon. Mr. Morrissey was fairly whipped; but the referee awarded him the victor}’ nevertheless. He is there fore familiar with those rules of the Prize King by which the vanquished arc en titled to the glory and the rights of the victor, and Is just the man to adjust this Alexandria difficulty. Should the problem prove too difficult for him, his personal rela tions with the President, with whom he has so recently been closeted, will enable him to seek that distinguished gentleman’s advice in its solution; and who doubts hut the two to gether could untie even a more difficult knot? There is a striking similarity between the President’s political policy and the Hon. Mr. Morrissey’s pugilistic policy. The central Idea in both is the same ; namely, that the party which gets whipped shall be declared the victor and take the prize. THE LATEST FltOfH A. J. A report comes by telegraph that the President Is concentrating a largo body of troops at Washington; that fifteen thousand to twenty thousand arc already there, and that the humble individual has written a let ter to a politician in New York, explaining that he fears the Boys in Bine, who, he pro fesses to believe, arc going armed to the Capital, to support Congress In passing the “unconstitutional Amendment.” If such a story were started in refer cncc to any other man, Its patent foliy would at once stamp it as a lubrication. But Mr. Johnson’s course, and his reiterated assertion that he fears assassi nation, not less than his disposition to make mischief, give it color of probability. No other man, probably, is capable of such non sense as one commits who talks of Congress passing the “unconstitutional Amendment,” when the amendment he refers to has al ready been passed by Congicss, and awaits only the action of the State Legislatures. Yet Mr. Johnson's speeches while lie was swinging around the circle show that he Is capable of just snch nonsense. In fact, it is eminently Johpsonlan. ■ if tbe report Is true, the step is prompted by a guilty con science—a fear that hts crimes against the country whose confidence ho bos betrayed, and whose delegated power he has used to promote treason and rebellion, will meet their merited punishment, when the repre sentatives of an outraged and indignant peo ple meet again in council. Nor Is it incon sistent with his evil disposition and his dark and reiterated threats, to suppose that he expects to intimidate and overawe Congress with this show of military strength—that he really be lieves he can, as be has said, make himself Dictator, and that In the event ot articles of impeachment being brought against him, be Intends to try his hand at a foup (Feta!, to bo snpportcd by armed power- %Ye say the blindness, stupidity, obstinacy and fully already exhibited by Andrew John son make it probable that these fears and . schemes have really found lodgment In his dull and maltcoiis mind. They are in keeping with his speech on the 4th of March, ISfiS, and of February 22, iSOfi, and nearly every speech he raad6 in bis recent electioneering tour, ns wen as with the perverse and all-devouring vanity which yet makes him believe be Is the great favorite of the people, and that his “ policy” has not been condemned by the country. £3?" The Copperhead papers which advo cate universal amnesty and Impartial suf trage, Insist, however, that it shall be left to the rebel State Governments to determine the degree of suffrage that shall he accorded to the colored people. For the North to agree to lids Is to agree to a swindle. To leave the establishment of “Impartial-suf frage” to the rebel States, each for itself, se cures no guarantee of the enfranchisement of thcfrccdmco. The cx-Statcs may adopt impartial suffrage to-day for the sake of ob taining universal amnesty, and after getting back Into Congress, to-morrow turn round ami prohibit all colored men from voting. We greatly fear that they would do this thine. If they had a chance, and play the game on the North of “heads I win and tails you lose,” and think It a right smart trick to thus overreach the Yankees and swindle tbe freedmen. Whenever the ex-rebels are ready and wi Ing in good faith, to accord equal political rights to the colored people, they will not seriously object to reduce that proposition to writing and nominate it in the bonds called the Constitution. It Is perfectly fair and equitable fflt all sections of the Union to agree that the franchise shall not be taken from any man on account of his color, race or place of birth, by State Governments, and it is only those who intend to cheat that will Insist on leaving the power to the Slate Governments to enfranchise and disfranchise citizens of the United States at their arbi trary will and pleasure. {s7* The Philadelphia Age, whose past record is of a still deeper Copperhead type than that of the Chicago Time* even, is now exceedingly earnest in the new frith. It is ■ in advance of Its newly converted brother. The Age heartily endorses the nomination and election of a negro to office, as a mem ber of the Massachusetts Legislature. It says: ‘‘For our own part we heartily en dorse the nomination. We believe that the color of the skin Is no badge of dishonor, and when qualified by education to hold the ballot, the man should be eligible to office. The nominee, we hear, Is a man of sense and sagacity, and will do no discredit to the State.” Ben. Bntlerand Bis Apple. The Nation, a week ago, commenting upon the singular demonstration which greeted General Butler in the Park, at New York, a few days before the election, remarked that though his coolness was commendable, la eating the apple thrown at him by an un friendly audience, the taste of the act was questionable Inasmuch as the fruit was pro bably taken by a dirty hand Irom a dirty pocket. Unwilling to res* under this impu tation, the General addressed to the Nation the following laconic note: “.7b the Editor of the Nation : “ I parti that apple. Do you ever eat apples or eggs without paring ?. “Fastidiously yours, _ Besj. F. Bctleu. »• Lowell, November 12,1666.'* Spirit of the German American Prm * The Illinois Stoat* ZtU’tr-g of the 21st, under tbe beading, “Eight Hours a Legal Day’s Work,” remarks as follows: “There can be no doubt of the fact that the members of tbe Legislature elected from Chicago and Cook County are bound by every consideration of honor to do their ut most to eflcct the passage of a law which shall constitute eight hours a legal day’s work. The deicSt ■ i the candidates oftbueo-calledEtgbt Hour League determined nothing against the eight hour movemet '. ibe Republican Convention, which noinlnav . :bc State Senator for the Twenty-fifth, and the two representatives for the Fifty-ninth Districts. expressly instructed their candidates to exert their influence for the passage of such a law. Since the Republican party had In this manner pledged their sup port to the workingmen, it was In the highest de gree unnecessary that some of the friends of tbe movement should attach themselves to the Cop perheads, and hy this act show that they hold a question touching their own personal interests higher than the general welfare and universal freedom. That these were shamefully defeated was a good thing, and, it is to be hoped, will , ;ich them tbo lesson that besides the eo-cailed ight hour question, there ate likewise other •iuesrior s which concern the whole Republic, i'be members of the Legislature from Cook I County will without doubt give Ibis question the consecration It deserves and use what influence 'they can exert for the passage of the law to which wehavc referred, as this has been demanded <• them from a largo _poilion of their constituent • ,'* Ihc Cincinnati Volttblatt of the fiflth, spen :a:v; of the .Mexican complications and the- ar> - <-i Ortega by General Sheridan, says tbo .:t arises “by what aatlinruv does the President arrest a candidate for , the Mexican Presidency on American sollP* The Tolttsbla't says further, “it Is no con cent of ours, whether Juarez or Ortega is rightful ly entitled to the office, but wc think tbe President would have quite cnonch to do to settle a flairs at home bciorc no undertook to meddle with those of a neighboring country.” Tbe New York Staatt-ZHinng, the leading Dem ocratic German Journal m New York, endorses the principle of negro eaffraco. FKOJL BOSTON. political—Tlio Democracy and the Suf frage Alleged Custom House Frauds—Tl»o Twenty-one Sill© Trot- Cruelty to Animals—Lively Gossip— The Northern LJgliis—The Opera— llouconl ana the rieiv Prlma Donnas, (From Our Own Correspondent] Boston, November 17,16 CC. POLITICAL. The Post , our leading and only Democratic paper, comes out as strongly in favor of im partial suffrage as a platform for the beaten party to rally on, as does the Times of your city, although not following that paper in. its expressions of scorn for the Administra tion ; bnt the Post says everything in such a half jovial, half cynical way, that Its politi cal opinions rarely excite so much comment as the Jests, often of doubtful decency, with which it spices its columns. But the com ing municipal election is hardly spoken of yet, and this unnoticed somerset of the Post's is the only thing approaching to a po litical event which I can find to Itiftl off my letter with. TUB ALLEGED REVENUE FRAUDS. Mcrcontilc circles are talking over the newly issued pamphlet of lion. Samuel Hooper, defending the ancient firm of J. D. M. Williams from the accusations of de frauding the Government of immense sums bv means of a system of fictitious invoices covering a wine Importing business of a quarter of a century, and retorting with con siderable acerbity upon Mr. J. 2. Goodrich, the Collector of the port, under whose ad ministration the revelations were made. It requires a liberal commercial education to understand all the pros and ecus of this very intricate case, and I shall not attempt to ex plain It to your readers. 1 can only give the substance of surface public oi inion here on the subject, which Is •decidedly against Mr. Goodrich, a universally unpopular Collec tor with the Boston merchant 0 , whose lack of business knowledge and association with men in very bad odor here, in a mercantile point of view, are thought to have led him into some very serious mistakes. On the other hand no one denies that tbe Williams fiim actually paid tbe Government a hun dred thousand dollars, to compromise some thing or other; and the lair inference that this would not be done unless there were some actual serious frauds to cover up. Is hotdlv answered by the reply that the elder member of the firm was very old as well as very rich, and willing to part with what to him was a trillic, to avoid a public scandal which after all was not avoided. TUE TWnXTT-OXE MILE TROT. That crowning instance of the barbarism to animals honored by the name of sport log, an attempt to compel a horse to trot twen ty-one miles in sixty urnutes, occurred near here on Friday, and was made profitable by the presence of a great throng of people, in cluding some who came from'great distances to see the race, and many clergymen and others of position and influence in the com munity whom one would hardly expect to see present on such an occasion. Tire horse did ois twenty miles in the bonr a year ago, with a minute and a half to spare; but he has been injnrcd since then, and there were very few who believed he could be made to accomplish the greater feat now laid out for him, and these few lost their faith when his owner suffered him to come out upon a track in the usual-condition six hours after a long storm, heavy and absolutely slippery. He went his first tun miles with apparent case, pulling after his usual habit so hard upon the bit as to tax the full strength of the driver’s arms, and accomplishing the dis tance in a few minutes less time than last year. But during the next three miles the blood stood in drops upon the horse’s chest; the reins hung loosely over his back: the whip was plica continually; the horse drag ged himself along;andthesight was so pain ful as to draw tears to the eyes of every wit ness not used to sentimentality. At the close of the thirteenth mile the hopeless ef fort was abandoned ; the distance having oc cupied thirty-eight minutes and fifty-two seconds. The offenders against decency who ore responsible for this piece of cruelty how ever declare that the horse is unhurt; that he con accomplish twenty one miles upon a good truck; aud that the trial will probably be made again. LiTEitAnr. The most notable literary incident of the week has been the appearance of the pros pectus of the new raauazine of Mrs. Ilowe and Mr. Gilmore. It is to be an illustrated weekly, with the privilege of subscription In monthly numbers, aud Is to be called -VorfA ern Light*. A corps of writers Is announced. Including no very distinguished ability, lint* a good deal of that pleasant cleverness which has hitherto found Its only medium of com munication with the public In H'trjtfr'g jifotitMy. It la to be owned by an association of writers, and it U said that shares in the enterprise will be the remuneration for lite rary labor upon it. Fred. Dcnglas is the author of the political article in the current Atlantic Monthly, it be ing his first appearance, I believe. In first class magazine literature. Tbe holiday issues of Messrs. Ticknor & Fields arc completed by the appearance of Longfellow’s “Flower-de-Lncc,” which Is merely a collection of his fugitive pieces of the last three or four years,‘with one brief new one to give a title to tbe volume, and several pictures by different artists^ THE OPERA. We arc in the height of a brief and bril liant opera season, the success of which will probably insure another visit fromMaretzek’s troupe before the completion of the New York Academy. Ronconi, the buffo, whom tbe director puts forward as the bright par ticular star of his constellation, is an admi rable comedian, with very little vocal power or facilitv, who makes his success by artistic acting In parts wbere we have been acenstomed to tolerate and even to enjoy the most grotesque extravagances. Thus his Lord Kocbnnr, in Fra Diavolo. is not half so laughable a performance as Bel lini's rendering of the same character, and to be appreciated must be i-tndied as a piece of refined high art and considered as a portrait rather than a caricature. Accompanying this gentleman is his daughter, a very pretty voung lady, who can neither act nor sing, but whom Maretzek makes a place for in one opera In the course of a season. Her recep turn is very different from that of iLes Amelia lianck, a very charming little girl of sixteen, with a petiie, pretty face and figure, easy and : gracctul manner, considerable aromatic pow er, and, what is more important than all, a sweet, clear voice, which, with cultivation, Is capable of great things. The young lady has only appeared on the stage a few times, but both critics and public are wild about her olrcady, and competent Judges here pronounce her detnit the most promising since that of Adelina Patti. The new light tenor of the troupe. Signor Beragll, Is very handsome, but has little compass of voice. Senora Poch, the successor of Carozzi Zuc chi, has only appeared once. She Is a plump woman, approaching to embonpoint, and likely to become a favorite as a singer. Be- side these, and half a score .more new aspir ants for favor, the troupe Includes'Miss Kellogg, ilczzolenl, Antonnccl, and Bellini, all old tavorites, whose characteristics I need not rehearse to you ; and, on the whole, is as strong os any we have had in this country of late years. The houses have been uniformly vciy large, and indeed all classes of amuse ments are patronized here this season more liberally than ever before. Revbhe. THE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. hetten from tlie People* S schools ron tsacusbs. Vjbkxsoca, November 5,1560. Editors Chicago Tribune: 1 am glad to see that the subject rf Agricultural Education la under discussion in the columns of your widely circulated journal. As this subject la "somoihincnewnudcrthostm,” It is eminently proper that it should be discussed thoroughly at ft preliminary to practical action in the right direction. . * . The advocates of an Agricultural College plan, have, during the past two or three years, favored ns with their views, and quite recently the Presi dents ot the literary colleges have put forth a caper embodying their ideas upon the question under consideration, there may be no impro- priety, therefore, in presenting still another aspect ot the case in order that a just judgment may bo formed In the premises. There can be no question I suppose, that the grant of lands made by Congress in July, ISCB, was designed to confer the qreatett -good upon <A« greatest nvntber; that It wu Intended espe cially to benefit the “industrial classes.” Nor will It be denied that the indnatrial classes are. com- po«eil of the tanners, the mechanics, the artisans, and the laborers, who carry forward the multi- piled Industries of the country. If there be no dis pute on these points, then the question resolves itself into tbis and this alone: By what means can a knowledge of those sciences which are re lated to aerlcnTiure and the mechanic arts be the most directly, efficiently and economically im parted to the industrial classes for whom it is In tended ? Can such knowledge by any one instru mentality be conveyed directly to those who so moch need It? Sow, In order to present the subject fairly, let us deal In figures a little Tbe population of Illi nois to-day, h* in round numbers. say2,ooo,Wo. It is pre-eminently an acricoUnral 9ms. But tthas al-o mechanical ana other Industrial iuteiests which are to be considerca andprovided for under the provision? of ttds grata. Vr hat proportion of tbe population of tbe atate is devoted to industn al occupation*? That eminent agricultural chem ist, the laic Professor J. F. W. Johnston, esti mated that onc-bfUi of the entire population of the globe expend their daily toll mOhe pursuit of agriculture alone. On the basis of this calcula tion there are 400.UU0 persons actually encaged in like manner in Illinois. Snp< radd to these the laborers in other field*, ana then Include those who are dependent upon these actual work ers, and who are to succeed them in their occupa tion?, and wo shall bare not less than nine-tenths ofthe population who belong to what the act of Congress of July 2d, 1 SCi. calls the ‘industrial classes.’' And ft la for these classes, and for eaclilrdividualoflbem.ono as moch as another, that thU education Is designed. Can an Agricul tural College imparl It, either directly or mdl rccllv? Can tbe literary colleges impart it* Can both combined do it? A*“Urcdly not. President Barnard, of Colombia College, New York, has recently made an elaborate investigation, with a view to determine what proper ion ol tbe young men ot onr entire country take a college course of In struction. Ihe result is that only one in sixty of them matriculate at our colleges, whereas lh'- pro portion was formerly about ono to lor'y. At thin rate, what proportion ol the young men from tbe Indus/; iclclatset alone would take tbe agricultur al course were it to be incorporated into the curri culmuol the colleges at present existing? What proportion ot the vonug men of this dcsctfpt’on ace able to take any college course whatever? And how many would spend throe or fonr years at an Agricultural College ? ilow many would re tain to the farm and workshop after having com -1 plcud such a coulee? And how long would it ’ take lo leaven the entire Industrial glass by snch Indited and expensive processes as these? 1 In the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, the oldest, and about tbe only one that can lay 1 claim to being snccetsful in ibis country, there 1 were oily one-fourth of the number of students ! 'UaltbulDftltutkin could accommodate last year. I Manv of these were from other States. some were the eons of racrcpanla, lawyers, and other I piDfirfional gentlemen. The great agricultural 1 and other industrial Interests of tbe Keystone (ate were 'most feebly represented In a college hicb bad been in operation for six years, and In I i.eha’.f of wb ch most extraordinary exertions .ta\e been roodefrom the beginning. The history of thefcMlchlsran Agricultural College is far leas lavotablc than that of Pennsylvania. Any one 1 who will take the trouble to look over its cats , ioguce w ill discover that more than three-f mnhs I of its students arc pursuing studies that arc I taught in our common schools, and that its in -1 tire course could as well bo taught in I the several crudes of Iho public school 1 sveitm. Kcw York, after struggling for fifteen I year* to establish such a college, has abandonee i the effort, and given the work over to an instltn -1 tlon which exists only in name—the Cornell Uni versity at Ithaca. This icsiitu'iou has an enor mous endowment, and if money can make it suc ceed. U will bo a success. Agriculture and the mechanic arts are lo be committed to a depart ment in that Univcrsit}. But can any one tell how the tndnstilal classes, the toiling mll ions, are to bo the recipient of its benefits ? New Jersey has delivered hergranl over to Ifutgers Collegia secta rian Institution which was never known to Incu bate o progressive ld»-a. I have thebesi authority for saying that, having secured three years ago the portion of scrip allotted to New Jersey, that college is now in the condition of him who won •he elephant In a rnfllc. I have read with some degree of caro all the re ports which have of late been made on the Agri cultural Colleges of Europe, and as yet have en tirely tailed to discover any evidence of their suc cess as a means for rearlilng the masses and giv ing them that kind of L.;.>wledce so sttlledto their special reqnilemeut-. l*robab>y the ablest and most comprehensive of these reports is that of Mr. Flint, Secretary ot the Massachusetts Board of Agriculture, who three or four years ago per eocally vhltcd all the agricultural schools of any note on the continent, as well as in England- To one who reads his narrative, in view of the results expected to be realized bv similar Instil utious in this coun try, it seen:-io be a continuous story of failures throughout. .At Hobrnbeim is located the great agricultural school of Europe, the most successful of all. From .Mr. Flint’s account. It seems to be to a considerable extent a resort for the eons of the wealthy, on account of the beautiful scenery that surrounds it. Its professors are able men, and as a school It may be a success, although the small numbers attending it do not indlcatea wide spread popularity among the cla-sce most need ing its Instructions. In Ireland, according to Mr. Flint, a plan has been adopted which has pro duced tbe most widespread and Ihc raosl benefi cial results. Among tbe prominent features ol tnat plan is that which connects instruction in agriculture with the public school system, includ ing the training schools fur teachers and the high er grades of schools for the people. There Is not time within’be limits of this arrive to go Into particulars upon this plan, but the testimony af forded by Mr. Flint in t chair of the results achiev ed by It, is decided and convincing. That plan of diffusing tcientiflc knowledge among (oc people must he the best which is the most direct and effective. The great desideratum in a country like oars is to give to tbe many the highest maximum of attainment and of menial and moral power (hat is possible. The surest way to produce Ihe greatest number of highly educated miodfi la to improve the quality and increase the amount of general education amoeg the masses, for by so doing we create a desire aud increase the demand for higher and special education ■ ... What onr agricultural and mechanical interests now moat need is not a highly trained, profoundly educated feir, bui a thinking, reading, Inquiring, methodical many, Wc do not want more great discoverers so moch as wc want a more universal and a more intelligent application of what the Ucbige and other masters of science have already revealed to ns. Wc do tot require a few highly disciplined graduates of an Industrial College so much as we require that Intelligent aud Inquisi tive spirit among the masses which shall lead them to applv known principles, to question the processes which they adopt, and through experi ence, reading and reilecaou, to devise improved methods in their respective callings. We want an American system ol education, in harmony with the genius of our Government and the spirit of oar people. We want InsiimUons graduated to the successive stages through which onr youth must pass in ’heir progress from tbe primary fchqpl to the higher walks of a wholc-sonled,liberal culture Wc want schools of literature, ecU-uce and art. that grow out of our common school system as naturally as the plants grow from the soil of our prolific prairies. if we have colleges. they should he conformed to tbe demands of the new civilization whiebristbo result ot tree schools, a free press, free thought, and free speech, instead of being modeled after those which -belong to other tiaj'i* and lo a totally different state of society. In short,.wc want institutions for the masses, adapt ed to their ctrcnroetanecs and brought to their doors. Into these institution?, conducted by hlghlv • Jncated, well trained teacher 4, wc want lo ini i ounce those branches of learning which will contribute most powerfully to their success and happiness in life, Such institutions we already have. The common schools arc the peo ple’s college 4, in and through tnetn nineteen twentieth? of onr entire population receive their only education. They are the only media through which the great Industrial classes can bo reached by thorough and eff-cilvc Instruction. They are susceptible of vast improvc-meM. By securing lor each and all of them now and -vvraore a sue cession of able, skilful teachers -no by bringing to bear nnon them those other : ppllasces needful lo their highest cfficlepcy. we r.iu save time enough after laying a solid foundation of elementary knowledge, to teach to Ihe thon-ands who gather within their walls the great principles which lie at ihe basis of their industrial occupations; we can create a spirit of Inquiry and cultivate a taste for study in the direction of their special pursuits, which will lead to the most benign and satisfactory results In practice. i he true policy, therefore, in respect to this mat ter, Is lo apply tits land grant to the endowment of Normal training school? for teachers; to give item means sufficient properly to teach the sciences related to agriculture and tbe mechanic arts, to combine tbo best methods of teaching with the best methods in agriculture; to connect the principles of education with tbe laws of physics and oi biologv, and send forth your skided teach ers to teach iVc people through’.he übiquitous public schorl. <Yon need no experimental farmers, nor expcrimtidal work-shops; Only make your people think and read, only Introduce them to the elements of the sciences a* the oaslsoflhclr work, and yon may trust lo the native ingenuity of the enfranchised, calculating American mind for prac tical results. Tbe American yontb docs not need a college or a school to teach him how or when to plow, to sow, to plant or hoc, to reap or to thresh. He Iq&rss this as a pastime out of school hours. Teach him the constitution of plants and soils, the lawn of vegetation and of rotation, the art of fertilizing, or suhsolllng, of draining, ol raising and feeding -lock, of making butler av.d cheese, ol caring for his Implements and of keeping his accounts, etc., etc., all of which can be done lo the common school ii we will but develop us resources, anti you will have accomplished a thousand fold more for him and lor the country lu a low years than could be done bv any sv&tcm of colleges in a century of time. We cannot too soon reach the conclusion and rcit npon It. thattbc most direct and effective way to elcvaic a people, is lo elevate their teacher*, and first give them tbo knowledge whi.hyoti would "ivf the masres. “Whatever yon would have ap pear in ib< life of a nation,” say tho-Prusriaos, "you must first put into its sihools,*’and what ever von would pat Into i's schools, you *..iu>: put into‘its teachers, through Its Normal and other agencies for their soeeral training. It -is about rime for us to step repeating tailored and to ouluply suc cesses. it is time fur us to begin to aiupt moans to end? In education as n our material concerns. A Slate like Illinois ought to have atlra-t a dozen amply endowed, fully equipped Uamiiigechoola tor teachers, in which education, and agriculture, her loading interests, ihc paramount Interest* of the entire llcpnblc, shonld go hand in baud, stimulating a'lke the development of her mental and material icsources. and laving an immovable ft.ct cation for that noble Christ! ra etrthzation which is tie highest glory of a of freemen, V ox Portu. evtxs op srcnosAt rnrcAnox. Chicago, November 10. Editors Chicago Tribune? 1 have read with much Interest the report of the Convention of the Presidents of the different Col leges. lately held in this city, together with yonr remarks thereon, and would like to make a few observations on the subject, if they do not tres pass too ranch on yonr apace. A system of education purely sectional has been often* tried before, ana has never met with the public support; the reason lying in the freedom of thought which Is the result of free institutions. Religions intolerance is as abborent to os as po litical. We desire that oar children should enter tain the same views as we do, bat, at the same time, wc wish them to form their own opinions unbiased by education or'assodations. litas it is that we sec members of the same family, of widely different opltions on religion as well as politics, living at the same time in perfect harmony—a spectacle only presented in a republican coontry. £och being the case. Ills easy to account for the unpopularity that a denominational system of education wonld meet with; more especially, when unaccompanied by tbo advantages which our public schools afford. Ido not go so ftr as io«nVthata’l clergymen make bad insimetors, but It cannot be denied that the religions training which they undergo mast impart a bias to their teachings in man> subjects—sneh as bblory, for example, wbeic it is next to impossible to be w holly impaitial. , . , , I think other ipteons might be given for the unpopularity of the sectional system In this coonuy—one Id the unfortunate antagonism at oi went existing between Christianity and science —but those do i.ol come within the scope of an ord’nary letter. The one assigned I*. I beliere, sufficient without IneutoHng any Invidious com parisons bc'woen the capabilities ol «*l;hcr side, lay or clerical, for the instruction of youth. There have been as learned men among the one as the other. It Is no donht the system Itself which Is to blame lor the want of eocceaa ot it promoters, and it only, L. L. D. t XAUxm’s PBOTEST. WnfonA Coustt, Minnesota, November 13. Editors Chicago Tribune:' 1 wish to nee yoor paper to say a few words to . the people of Illinois about their lands for an Ag ricultural and Mechanical College. If I under- 1 aland correctly, they have'sow, by the munifi cence of onr General Government, 469,000 acres of land. This magnificent gift was bestowed upon them for the express purpose of enabling them to found on Agricultural and Mechanical College. This land at five dollars per acre would be worth two tnillloas of dollars. As a minimum, it cannot bo worth less than one million of dollars, and it may be worth four or five If it is well managed. This statement will, by some, be called imagina tive, bfit I am willing to have what I bare sug gested to my fellow citizens tried by the touch stone of facts and reason. lam certain It will bo for their benefit to try all matters that relate to their Intel eat by the standard of facts and reason. Now, what aru the facts in this case ? pint—The people of Illinois have 430,000 acres of land for the endowment of an Agricultural aud Mechanical College, which was given to them by Congress for that purpose, and for that only. Secondly—s>ome learned gentlemen. Presidents of Colleges -in the Slate or Illinois, tgivc lately met in Convention in Chicago, and have been pat ting their heads together to devise some plan to get the proceeds of this 480,000 acres of land di vided among the respective colleges over which they preside. I gather, from the report of their transactions, that they intend to work with the Slate Legislature, and. If they can, have the pro ceeds divided smong their respective college?, aud they will have a kind of science taught by di-ans of professorships founded upon their pari of the land, which shall be substantially the same, and ebali answer all the pnrooaes of a regular ag ricultural and mechanical education. I wonid gladly say to those learned gentlemen, one and all and I would most respectfully request sour help to say to Uum, as far as yoor paper circu late?, that I, as one of the citizens of Illinois, en tirely dissect from their proposition. I not only enUrtly uieeenf from it, bv*. imoet earnestly and I solemnlyprotestagalnstlt. ;ftbelrplan itadopUd it tali be a perversion. if, I hate perveretone. I Ibat ibese gentlemen <-.Uoold want to get the I a\ails of that hind secured to the establishments ’ I in which they aie interested, and over which they I preside, i* but natural. Bat Ido not at all admire I tbenurufify oflheireffort! that way. The people I of Illinois should not allow these lands to be dm- I ded, filncied away, diverted from‘the original 1 purpose, or perverted in anv wjy. I think 1 nave I as high opinion of classical leamingas auyofiba i I gtnticnuD of the late Convention oi College Fresl- I denis. 1 with to tee it promoted and increased in ! I thoroughness and utility. But 1 would say, "Gen- I ih mcn, you shall not have the avails of the 480,000 , I land given by Congress to the people of . I ’ I'.ipols for the purpose ot founding an Agrlcnttn- C j r:,; and Mechanical College, for yoor purpose, , I without my protest. 1 ' C. J. W. TEARFUL CATASTROPHE PRE- VENTED. A Vm«lnon« Attempt to Barn tiro Steamer morning Star—A Bold Opcr atlrv.t—Arrest of a Party Implicated— Chicago Parties Concerned. (From Ibe Detroit Advertiser, November 20.] • On the night or the24thofSeptember last, a bold and villainous attempt was made to burn the steamer Morning Star, while on

LakeEiie, which wos fortunately frustrated in lime to prevent a fearful catastrophe. We doubt if a more outrageously wicked design was over attempted, and if the authors of the deed arc iu custody, a speedy punishment t-hould be theirs. On the night referred to the Morning Star left this city for Cleveland. having on board a large load of freight and passengers, and had she been destroyed (as seems to have been contemplated) the con* sequences would have been fearful. Shortly after 12 o’clock at night the first attempt was made to set the steamer on fire, bat it failed. Then other movements were made in* the same direction, with the same result. About 3 o’clock in the morning it was found that a fire hud been started against the wooden par* 11tlon in the hold that separates the steerage from the coal. The fiames were fortunately discovered by one of the firemen on the boat, and although they had made consider* able headway, they were subdued before any of the passengers were aware of the danger that threatened them. In fact, so quiet was the matter kept that some of the employes of the boat kuew nothing of the affair until all danger was passed. The boat arrived at her destination, but nothing was said of the murderous design, for prudential reasons, until she returned to De troit. At this time the matter was placed iu I the hands of Win. Champ, of this city, and I George Sutherland, of Chicago, both old pri* vate detectives, who agreed to work the case np. From present appearances they seem to 1 have been successful, and by a remarkable “accident,” which invariably happens In such cases, they have ascertained information which Is deemed reliable. The would-be in* I ccndiaries and murderers are Adolph Dennis, a boy 17 years of age, and a German named Henry Miller, who formerly kept a furniture store at 314 State street, Chicago. Dennis appears to have done all the work at the. in stigation of Miller, and the whole movement seems to have been undertaken to obtain tbc miserable sum of $1,500 insurance upon worthless property. The arrests have been made owing to a confession made by the boy Dennis, which is substantially as follows, but just how much reliance can be placed in it, a I judicial investigation will doubtless deter- I mine. He states that he lived with his stepfather, and of erwards obtained employment with Miller iu Chicago at his furniture store. At various times he stole money from the till, and appropriated it to his own use. Miller finally detected him, but upon promising to yield a willing obedience to his (ililler’a) de mand?, he was not'prosecatcd. He was kept in continual fear, and finally concluded to da whatever Miller requested of him. One request was made of him, and that was to burn the steamer Morning Star, and Dennis was provided with material for carrying into cfi'cct tbc hellish scheme. He states further that he and Dennis left Chicago on the 22d of September (which was Saturday), and came to this city, bringing with them one trunk and two boxes, which were ostensibly destined for Cleveland. These articles were deposited in Messrs. Keith & Corter’s warehouse—who arc agents for the Cleveland line of steamers—and upon the bill of lading Miller obtaiued an insur ance of $1,500 in the Western Insurance Com- pany, of which James A. Armstrong, of this city. Is the agent. After arriving in this city, according to Dennis’ story, be and Miller wandered about the city all day, and became intoxicated. The former went on board the Morning Star and fell asleep in the allcrhold, but what time he awoke does not appear. On Mon day night, iu accordance with previous in structions, Dennis took passage on the Star and made the four different attempts toburn the boat which arc alluded to above. Mil ler, he says, had furnished him VTth two buttles of benzine and a quantity of rags. These rags Dennis saturated with benzine, and in order to avert suspicion he threw the bottles overboard in Lake Eric. In giving an account of the attempt to fire the steamer, ho says he was'drank until 12 o’clock on Monday night, at which time h£ awoke from a stupor ~to think of of the vil lainous act be had undertaken. He failed three times, and In order to succeed, he tried a fourth. This time he was more cau tious. He managed to get into the after hold without being detected, and set fire to the partition above referred to. When the fiames were discoverd, he says he worked as hard topniontthe fire as any one, for ibe purpose of throwing off any suspicion that might otherwise be cast upon him. He also states that he felt he must succeed in destroy ing the boat, because Miller had threatened him with punishment for stealing in case he | failed. This being tbc case, he did his ut- I most to carry out the design. I The trunks and boxes, upon which Miller I obtained the $1,500 insurance, contained, Dennis alleges, a quantity of bead work, worth about s3oo, and a lot of other articles, the aggregate value of which will not exceed SSO O. lie cays he packed them himself, and, of course, knows positively what they con tained. Dennis, upon finding that he had been unsuccessful, left tbc boat at Cleveland, and, although compelled to walk part of the way, he got back to Chicago as soon as be could. There he was taken into the employ of Geo. W. Sutherland (one of the detectives in the case), where be worked as a servant. To that gentleman he made the dislosarcs given above, and that gentleman and Mr Champ promptly reported the matter to U. Statcs;Marshal Parklmrst, at this city. The owners os the boat were consulted, and Rob ert P. Toms, as counsel for them, made a complaint against Dennis. The latter was arrested, and is now closely confined in tbc House of Correction. Miller is not yet in custody—at least has not been brought to this city. He managed to obtain information of Dennis’arrest, and left Chicago for parts unknown. Owing to this-fact, the United States authorities requested that wc should, for the time being, suppress the particdlars of lie af air, and'wc did so. The matter, however, having been made public through another source, we are of course absolved from our obligation in-the premises. The complaint was made before United States Commissioner Wilkins, and when Mil ler shall have been brought here an cxamlna lion will take place, at which the facts will undoubtedly be fully elicited. Dennis is a sharp, shrewd young man, speaks fluently, and writes well. Personal appearance Is sufficient to indicate that he would embark in just such an enterprise as the one in which he acknowledges he has been engaged. Unless Insane, there can be no doubt that he was put up to the burning of the steamer, and if he did not succeed tbc fault was not Ms. Whatever facts the trial may elicit, one thing is certain. There are several allega tions In Dennis’ statement that will have to be thoroughly explained—so far as implicat ing Miller Is concerned—before his testimony i can be believed bv anv henest jury. Dr. nary Walker. The London Lantft says: 44 A good deal of interest has been created of late by the ap pearance of Miss Mary Walker, M. D., of New York, at some of onr hospitals. On Wednesday last this lady attended the ope rations at the Middlesex Hospital, and wit nessed the removal of dead bone from a jaw of Sir. Lawson, and an attempted reduction of an old dislocation of the humerus, by Mr. do Morgan. Dr. Mary Walker has taken to her vocation quite seri ously. With her It Is evidently no passing whim. As regards Dr. Mary Walker’s costume, we have only to say that the great weight of her garments Is suspended from the shoulders, very much os is the cose with her professional brethren. She is strongly of opinion that the ordinary costume of women If fraught with evil from a physiological point of view, on account of the great weight of the clothes being borne by the waist. Dr. Mary Walker will make but a short stay In the metropolis to visit the hospitals and mu seums. The North Carolina Bcfocees* Baltimore. Md., ’ November 15.—The North Carolina emigrants who left Fortress Monroe last evening on their way to seek new homes, escape rebel persecution, and better fortunes In the Western States passed through here this morning, attracting much attention and sympathy by their evidently impover ished condition. . „ Thcv numbered some 300 persons of all a«es and sexes, white and black. Most of tfie men were clad In wcll-wom suits of rebel gray, while the females were most scantily provided with every conceivable description of poverty-stricken garb. ILLINOIS. Betorns by Congressional District** tJoiou. Dcm. cotTßTixa. Rep. Dem.. Went- McCor- Judd. Wallace, worth, mick. .15£J7 6,067 , 18,557 14£T7 Cook. Judd's majority, 9,E80. Wentworth's majority, 4,860. BECOSD SISTIUCT. * hams- Earns- Jobn wonh. Haines, worth. son. Lake 2,111 CIS 1,730 310 McHenry 2,631 657 2,9<3 741 Boone I.WS 150 4,860 1473 wtucebago 3,380 aw 2,401 ST3 D Ealb 2.519 667 2,955 1,191 Kane 3,800 1,0i3 3,000 1G.185 3,316 17,803 5,237 Farnswoith's majority, 13,839; Farnsworth's ma jority In 18W, 12,«4>i. Wash- Wash* borne. Terser, borne. Stiles. JO Davies 2,133 J,U6 1,906 410 Slepbessoa 2,5>2 1,753 2,501 1,721 Carroll... 1,631 252 2,562 1,167 Otfe 2,352 672 3.238 l,!dl Ixo 2,171 7SO 2.596 1,931 819 3,907 ijOil 'Whiteside. 14,657 0,897 15.711 7,421 Washbnmc 1 ? majority, 8,700: Washbome’a ma« jority Id 1804, S.2>'. FOCBTH DISTRICT. - Bard* Ihomp- Hard* Ins. ton. fhc. Harris. Adama 4,097 4,749 8,545 4.531 Hancock 3,283 5,232 2,071 2,935 Warren 2,073 1,723 1,400 650 Henderson 1.270 002 1,733 1,099 Mercer 1,992 1,303 2,097 1,340 Bock Island.... 2,030 1,432 2,313 1.707 16,952 13,391 13,560 12,741 Harding's maj., 2,501. In 1364, Sis. Firm Dtsmicr. Ingersoll. Ramsey. Iccersoll. EcUcls. 3,603 25,603 8,?H5 1,804 4,313 I,GIO 3,555 1,417 Peoria.. Knox.. Stark I,B=o 555 4,213 1,869 Mars ball 1,639 900 1,553 1,408 Putnam 637 815 3,510 3,143 Bureau 8,814 1,378 • 712 493 Henry 3,316 '1,167 1,114 613 *18,431 9,665 13,154 11,434 Isgereoll’a maj., 3,772. in iS6t, C,siu. sixth Disnucr. Cook. Harris. Cook. Casey. LaSalle 5,018 8,106 1,813 775 G randy 1,507 843 1,419 787 Kendall 1A35 3u5 9,113 517 LnPajre 1,545 523 1,737 453 Will 3,140 2,494 5,199 4,191 Kankakee I,‘JlO 446 3,209 9,897 15,016 7,721 15.593 9,980 Cook’s majority, 7,294. In 1864,5,018. Bromwell. Black. Bromwell. Eden. Macon. Platt . Cbompalgti 3,330 1,505 588 1,123 Douclas 926 *53 1.001 710 MonUrie 7M 887 1,710 1,041 Coles 2,416 1,020 298 258 Cumberland.... 779 1,079 1,829 1,521 Edgar 1,001 2,011 534 823 Vermillion 2,607 1,693 1,752 6i5 Iroqnole 1,0-5 989 2,517 1,741 Ford 473 I*9 749 524 17,410 13,232 15,033 12,027 Bromvrell’a majority, 4,173. Is ISO-J,3,226. mosrm district. Cnllom. Fowler. Cnllom. Stuart. 4,070 4,142 1,271 1,070 2,228 1,513 1.751 1,003 1.483 1,083 1,723 1,373 4,733 2,501 4,017 2.BSS 2,307 2,406 3.610 3,009 1,519 1.637 2,162 2,301 2,233 1,003 1,273 I.6SS Sangamon. Ix)gan DeWUt.... McLean.... Tazewell... Wuodford. Livingston. 18.623 H,j2o 15.512 14,027 Cullom’a majority, 4,103. JnlSfrl 1,755. Mjrra Dißrmcr. lippiDCOtt. Rosa. Fullerton. Boss. FnltOD 3,710 3,621 723 1,319 Jla-oil I,SUS 1,257 SO3 1,9 48 Menard 1,051 1,057 3,000 3,O‘JS Cas 982 1,275 1,100 1,239 McDononch.... 9,063 2,425 2,154 2,180 Schuyler 1,380 . 1,018 800 1,071 Brown 902 1,273 2,350 2,857 Flke 2,711 2,971 1,112 1,031 14,721 • 15,495 12,230 15,256 Rosa’ majority, 771. In 1604,8,057. Thorn- Case. Burr. Knapp. ton. Bond 1,347 678 1,160 706 Moreau 2,i78 2,550 810 563 SCOIU 1,014 1,039 I.OU 1,602 Calhoun 839 619 976 2,917 Jersey 943 1,416 2,279 2,910 Greene 1,093 1,W9 1,i27 1,749 Macoupin 2,760 2,975 2,&j0 2,353 Motiicomery.... 1,793 2.131 828 1,539 Christian 1,496 1,646 873 On Shelby 1,452 2,151 1,165 2,293 14,743 17,106 12,176 16,903 Btur'fi majority, 2,383. In 1881,4,*‘27. Calla- ilar- Kitchell. Marshall, ban. shall. Marlon 1,915 1,906 1,063 2,233 Faycltc 1.465 2,625 * 853 1,011 Clay 1,251 1,119 817. 1,373 Klcnland 1,228 1,191 637 1,221 Jasper... 770 955 1,062 1.035 Clark 1,333 1.403 605 876 Crawford 980 1,228 337 1,135 Lawrence 931 919 637 926 Wayne 1.837 1,287 751 950 Hamilton 591 1,136 649 1,437 Franklin 643 1,051 1,433 1,674 Jescreon 882 1,548 945 1,154 Ffflnrrtiain 9C5 1.806 892 956 14-3*B 16,668 10,096 16,703 Marshall’s majority 2,290. In 15C1,0,007. Baker. Morri son. St. Clair 4.353 2.650 1,127 1,173 Madlaoo 8,516 3,461 3,133 3,233 Clinton 1.226 1,223 ‘ 825 1,530 Washington.... 1,614 1,119 1,527 1,726 Bancolpn; 1,720 1,839 4.206 2,741 HontOß. 555 1,623 1,249 1,213 13,032 11,956 11,817 11,7 U Baker’s majority, 1,076. In 1861,78. xminxvjrm nismicr. Kanin. Allen. Knyken- Allen. Jlall. Alexander 624 15S 3*o 833 FnlaeU &GG 433 C2l 333 Union 822 1,519 6J3 033 Johnson* 3,173 C3I 315 316 Williamson 1.313 1,187 1,235 SC7 Jackson 1,237 1,403 783 1,301 Pern* 1,405 793 9U 23S Massac 900 405 1,15* 7UB pope 1.074 619 1,093 833 Hardin* 353 461 599 520 Saline 990 953 763 784 Gallatin W 5 918 716 1,305 White. 993 1,466 521 675 Edwards 7C2 3*l 775 1,291 Wabash 009 726 BS9 1,111 13,431 12,847 11,742 10,759 Rama's majority, 684. In 1364,953. ♦ln Johnson and Hardin counties wo have taken Logan and Dickey’s vote; we liave received no returns for Kama and Allen. NEW YORK. Official Vote Car Governor. The following is the official vote for Gov ernor, compared with the vote for President in ISO!: , 1566. . . 1561. oovzsKon. presidskt. ** s c ® g o b 2 s3g . a o S 2. j* coroms. t> g o Albany 11.533 11,820 10,206 12,931 Allegany 6.330 2,621 0,240 2,6->l 8r00me.......... 5,173 3,375 5,003 3,139 Cattaraugus 5,634 9,314 6,503 3,57 i Cayow...: ..... 7725 lItHS I.W 4.403 Chautauqua 8,750 8,814 8,700 3.999 Chemung 3,467 3,383 3,29* 3,109 Chenango 5,871 3,080 8.552 4,033 Clinton . 3,570 <4OO 3,471 3.546 Columbia 5,155 4,833 4,375 5,210 Cortland <S» 9,030 3,081 2,063 Delaware.: 5,313 3,963 5,237 1,249 Dutchess 7.231 6,081 7,201 6,013 Erie 12,533 13,122 18,061 13,371 Essex 3,898 8,848 5,224 9,164 Franklin 2,>CB 1,019 9,339 1,837 GenCfsefi 3,918 8,495 4,080 2.772 Greene 3,210 8,532 * 5,037 *3,897 Folk & Uamlit'n. B,2SS 3,009 9,973 9,887 Herkimer... ... 5, 82 8,831 5,087 4,20 V Jefferson 8,147 5,811 8,391 5.8 U Kings 19,811 29,103 20,833 55.726 real- 8,151 9,670 3.078 2,911 Livingston- 4,553 3,119 4,580 5.553 Madison 5,920 3,619 6,182 3.748 Monroe. 10.000 8.227 10,903 9.107 Montgomery 3,019 3,615 <519 . 8,903 New xotk... 38,433 80.615 36.051 78.7*1 Niagara.. 4.939 4,209 <‘39 4,287 Oneida 12,431 11,121 12.W3 10.916 Onondaga 11,566 6,OJS 10,996 6,713 OntartoT 5.371 8.073 5,499 3,939 Orange. 7,167 6,497 6,784 0,613 Orleans 3.585 2,100 8,735 2,438 Oswego 1.... 8,763 5,430 . 8,793 6,233 Otsego 6,'35 5,797 6,151 6,0*7 Qnceue.... ...... 3,611 4,574 4,231 6,400 Rensselaer 7.560 7,5 W 7,159 9,377 Richmond l,r-W 9,479 1,561 4,874 Rockland -1,559 1,973 1,413 2,437 St, Lawrence 10,643 3,146 10,561 4,048 Saratoga <073 <l9l 5,909 4,715 Schenectady... . 2,469 1,933 4.368 2,809 Schoharie... .... 8,092 4,6tt <B7O 4,801 Schuyler 6,578 1,881 4,576 1,891 Seneca...... <767 <lll <-80 8,967 Slcnben 8,021 5,507 8,099 5,813 Intel*... I. 4,053 3,573 4,393 4,«T BoUlvan <987 3.521 2,960 8,518 SSgaT. <959 9,779 3,730 3,018 Tompkins 4,456 2.952 4,313 2,990 Uliter... 6,709 7,120 6,900 7.7G5 Warren 2,522 1,944 2,399 2,1C0 Washington... . 5,972 3,035 6.221 3,612 Wayner.....'..... 6,021 4,026 6,122 4,392 Westchester. 7.221 8,233 7,407 9,833 Wtomlne 6,403 4,105 4,123 2.663 Yates. 6 2,678 1,176 8,056 1,692 Total 869,183 35U91 863,735 981,966 Fenton's majority, 14,683. Lincoln's majority, 6.749 The vote for Fenton is COS In excess of Lincoln’s, while Hoffman’s falls 7,133 short of McClellan's. WISCONSIN. Vote by Congressional Districts. The following is the vote of this State on Congressional candidates and the question of a Constitutional Convention, by Congrcs sional Districts and counties, os far os re* ct ived. Those marked with a star (*) arc official: riEST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. - So Paine. Brown. Con. Con. 3,KS 770 7ft 19 2,645 1,311 599 29 4,963 5,31)1 73 632 3,Sn 835 870 1,142 ►Kenosha... ►Kaclne ►Milwaukee. ►Walworth.. ►Waukesha. Total II,SOS 10,011 I,TT7 -1,070 Majority for Paine, Union, 4,333. In ISC4, the total vote for Paine, Union, was 13,860, including 1,817 soldiers’ votes; for Cary, Democrat, 13,279, including 455 sol diers’ votes. SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. No Hopkins. Pease. Con. Con. ►Columbia 2,840 1,141 1,123 aio ►Dene 4,5 W 3,003 HO LOSS ►.Totloreon .. 5,7?7 8,708 .... ••• >Bcci J&l 891 1,081 1,401 Total 14,129 ISSI 2,03 2,731 Majcilty for Hopkln*. Union, 5,296. In iSCI-the total vote of I. C. Sloan, Union, was 15.553, including 2,333 soldiers’ votes; and 10,Wo for Smith, Democrat, inclnding 400 soldiers’ voles. THIBD COJfOBBSSIOJfAL DISTBICT. _ JiO CoM». Virgin. Con. Con. .... 063 919 319 sea 3.251 1,325 1,298 1,4« 1,9 H 639 695 712 1,766 1,431 504 1,2» 1,790 1,664 338 2,«0 1,253 748 U 1 611 2,033 731 I.IM 435 •CVfltrfotd. •Grant.... •Green.... •lowa •tafayetle. •Kictuand. •Sank..... Total 13,003 7,CM 4,373 7,550 MajoTlty for Cobb. Colon, V-3- _ _ . In 1604, tbc total rote for Cobb, Union, tras 14,753, Including 3,916 soldiers’. Totes; and 8,436 for BodolT, Democrat, including 34S soldiers’ voted. POCBTH 005JQKES310NAJ. DISTBICT. __ No Hatch. Eldridge. Con. Con* •Dodge 3,038 3,917 1,719 3.597 •Fora da Lac 3,887 3,013 1,478 1,003 •Oxaokec 168 1.L53 SSS L 317 •Sheboygan 2C3 .... •Washington. 7*o Total 8,(T71 10,633 8,111 7,aa Majority for Edridge, Democrat, 2,5(2. In 18M, the total vote lor A. 3. Sloan, Union, was 10,952, Including 1,370 soldiers’ votes, and for Eldridge, Democrat, 15,533, In cluding 348 soldiers’ votes. The returns from the Fifth and Sixth Dis tricts arc yet incomplete. Sawyer’s majori ty in the Fifth is 5.080. wbUeWoahburac’s In the Sixth is about 0.500. THE EMPRESS CAELOTTA. Important Letter to Maximilian. Official Account of the Empress’ Insanity. [Translated from La Yea de America, ol New York.] Loss ok, October 2D, JSCS. To the Editor of La Vcz de America, New York: Bv a rare accident I have been permitted to see the original of an important paper, from which I was allowed to take the en- closed copy. It is a letter addressed to Maximilian, late of Mexico, by Don Joaquin Velasquez de Leon, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Rome, dated at the Eternal City on the loth inst. You will find la that letter very important details of the disease which has affected late- ly Donna Carlotla, so-called Empress of Mexico. As much of this letter as relates to Car- lotta’s insanity Is In the handwriting of Ve lasquez’ secretary. Such part of it as relates to nis personal ailairs Is of Don Joaqnin’s own hand. He very likely thought that he would not trust even his own secretary with such an important communication. - Don Joaquin could not disguise his jeal ousy toward bis colleagues, Don Joaquin De gollado and the Bishop Ramirez, who hold m Rome the same position that he does. The letter is as follows: So: I proceed to inform your Majesty of the particulars of the unfortunate and unexpected events of the past few days. We could tmaiiue many calamities to Mexico, but it certainly never entered our minds when we were admiring the courage and heroic valor of her Majesty the Empress at leaving your Majesty, cc during the dangers and fatigue of the bad roads to Vera Crux, in the rainy season, In the midst of yellow fcveirciossing the ocean and coming, as a great negotiatrix, to demand rights for Mexico and the execution of treaties, that she would be so ungraciously received m Paris as to cdect her Majesty’s mind so seriously. 1 ne desperate condition ot Mexico, a country so much boiorec by her Majesty, undoubtedly had much influence In her memal exclUnm nt, since she showed symptoms of deranged 'nt at Paebla and Acultzlngo. The effects ot her reception In Paris were so strong that she tad to stop to BoLzen, on the way to Rome, where she Imagined sue saw Paulino lamadrld in disguise, playing on a street organ, and landed Herself surrounded by Napo leon's spies and traitors who bad poisoned her. On account of the unexpected delay at Botzen I did not meet her Majesty at Orti, whither 1 bad gone with Bishop Ramirez to meet her, because Senor Degollado was sick; a committee from the Pontifical Government also went to meet her. Telegraphic despatches on Che way informed me tha* her Majc-ty would arrive at Ancom, and tbc bishop and mysell went Co tbaC port, where we heatd she bad stopped ac Bolzcn. While there we visited tbc holy temple of Lo retto. Her Majesty, the Empress, arrived on th • a, and we left by an especial train for Rome. % o wc arrived at 11 o'clock at night. At tbc water-station her Majesty sent for me to come to her car, where she was alone with Mrs. del Barrio, her lady of honor, and a?kedmctbe state of af fairs In Home. Our conference lasted over three bonrs. Her Majesty corcluded by saying Xwas as well informed on azhlrs in Mexico a* ia Home, and promised to act by ray directions’ while here. Her reasoning was very sensible and logical, and not a single word of hors care ground to sus pect that mental agitation that subsequently de veloped Itself. On the »>th her Maje-tr rested in Home, and the next dav we called with her to see bl? Holiness. That same day her Majesty condescended to send her grand chamberlain, Count del Valle, to Invite me and my nieces to her tabic, and the same hon or was extended lo the other members of the mis sion and bis grace's chaplain; so wo were all Mexicans at ber Majesty's (able. in the morning, just as we were ready to start to the Vatican, ber Majesty Imagined teat she saw from the corridor of the Hotel de Roma, where she was stopping, that the cockade or ber coach man's bal was not in order, and she reprimanded him with much iXcHetnen), ana delayed us till past the hour fixed for our reception. LTbo interview was solitary, as your Majesty cows Is the custom with sovereign-, and lasted onehonratid eighteen m nates; then her Majcs tv presented her suite to kiss the foot and hand of the Holy Father, and wo retired till dinner lime, when ber Majesty ordered Mr. Castillo to be seated at her right, according to the coart manual. I told her yont Majesty bad declared my place was always next to the President of the Comidi, as the oldest minister, though having no portfolio, but I obeyed her orders. Her Majesty was angry at table, and took neither sherbet nor coreo till wc all bad been helped. She fancied the coffee-pot had a hole in It, and 1 had U taken away from the table to soothe her Majesty's excitement. On the *isth there was several incidents that seemed strange to the uninitiated. I will men tion one of them: Iwas sick in bed that day. Her Majesty sent for me three or four times, and finally ordered me to he brought before ber in mr bed. As that could not he done, she sent to ace what was the master with me. It seems she thought I bad been poisoned the day before at her tabic, although she did not say so. Alter re ceiving the diplomatic corps and other authori ties, her Majesty, the Empress, went to visit the chmefaes and monuments of Home ia company with Commodore Datti, his Holiness' private chamberlain of sword and cloak, who was ap poinledto waif on ber on that occasion. At {•ft o'clock on the morning of the Ist tost., her 3lafesty the Empress went ont, and we walled for her till 3 o'clock, having had no breakfast at her Majesty's household. At Oft o'clock got a note from Cardinal Autonelli, toiling me to come to the Vatican immediately. 1 was at the hotel with Mr. Castillo, and having no carriage ready, 1 took the one onr Consul came in. He had been waiting in his court dress since It o'clock in the morning to see ber Majesty. X met Cardinal An tonelh much afflicted oecausc ber Majesty, the Empress, said she would not return to the hotel till the Count del Vale, her lady of the wardrobe, and Dr. Bcnslavecke, who, she said, had poisoned ber. bad left the bouse. The cardinal perc Ivlug ber excitement wichont apparent cause, asked permission to write to me. ‘•Yes," she said, “you may write to Velazonex, but I have no confidence In anybody bat his Holi ness." . Wc contrived that those persons should leave the hotel withont scandal, and I then went to the Vatican and informed her Majcsly, through a nolo to the cardinal written ou his Emlncncy'a desk, that they bad left according to her orders. She partook of the Pope’s dinner, aud wanted to stay in the Vatican all night for fear of the pat-sous mentioned; bntmv note calmed her, and sac con sented lo return to the hotel by *p. m. On en'er* mg her room she perceived they keys wore not In the door; in fact, the doctor had taken them awar secretly, as bo aiterwsrd acknowledged, to lock her Majesty in her chamber In case of a violent attack. Noticing this, she went straight back to the Vatican, and she wanted to sleep in a room near the Pope's. She passed the night on the first floor, under that of his Holiness, who locked him self in, as well as she did. In the company of Mrs. Del Barrio. The next day she amused herself in the Vatican museam nnul noon, and then re tained to the hotel, and examined If the suspected persons were there. They had returned, and bad taken other rooms, so as to be near her Majesty, as they were responsible for her aogu?l person, her health acd her jewels and valuables. His Holiness senthla physician, who had a meeting with ibe physician of ban Giacomo Hospital, called by her Mafesty and her Maiesty’s own phy sician, and all pronounced her disease monoma nia, While her Majesty was In tbo Vatican, on 'the Ist, Cardinal Antoimelll sent for the Count of Flanders and Countßombelics.wilh her Majesty’s and the Pope’s consent. The former was coming to Miramar and the latter bad gone, with permis sion, to visit his family In Austria. Mr. castlllo and! sent a telegram to onr Minister In Belgium to hurry the Count of Flanders m case he was there, and we sent your Majesty word by the Atlantic cable the following day. When she **&» not on the terrible Idea of poison, she conversed rationally, and robody without antecedents sus pected her alienation. .She never spoke to me of poison, for I did not see her In the Vatican, and since then she has never mentioned the subject to me, but always spoke to mo sensibly. The Count of iiaadcw and Count oombellcs ar rived on the evening of the Btb, and resolved to take her Majesty to Miramar next day. On the morning of the 6th she sent for Mr. Castillo to sign several decrees which sho gave him, discharg ing all her suite. and evcn'Mr. Castillo himself: but, of coarse, be did not sign them. In spit® of her Majesty’s Insistence. The physicians had agreed upon the necessity of her Majesty’s leav ing Borne immediately, on account of the effect of the tcirocco on her nerves, and to give the aognst invalid the advantages of Isolation and country air. On the 9tb ber Majesty, the Emnress, left by a special train for Ancona, with the Count of Flanders, all her snltc remaining in Home. A steamer was ready at Ancona, acd on the morning o! the 10th she arrived at Miramlr. The Count ut Flanders, thinking solitude best for her Majesty, the Empress, had determined that she should not take leave of any one. . In respect to family decisions, and of the good of her Majestv, as well as to avoid responsibility, I requested Count Bombelles to give me a written statement of tho physicians’ orders, to be carried on by the Count of Flanders, the relation of our sovereign, who bad naturally taken charge of her m her present state of health. He gave me the document, and by reason of it year Majesty’s extraordinary mission was not present; but, as good Mexicans, Noriega and I went lo the station to btd adieu to onr unfortunate sovereign, wbo was now suffering for her love and devotion to Mexico, in rendering to onr country the most important service under the trylag clr- She spoke to me with her nsnal amiability, and asked why my companions were not present. They remained away by reason of the doctors orders, a written copy of which 1 send you. Xto:d her Majesty they were indisposed. She replied: “How beaTilylt rains i" and, in fact, H was raining heavily at the time Thu Count of Flanders then shook my hand, offered his arm to the Empress, and walked to the cats with the Belgian Minister and hla lady, Mr. Blondcel, who was Belgian Minister in Mexico, the Ais- Irian Charge, and the Austrian and Belgian Secrc tßThe* Belgian Minister, Mr. Norieaga, the Sec retaries aud I followed, according to eti quette, from due consideration and respect to my sovereigns, of which 1 am always, sire, very rately heard that the Idea of poison originated In Kris. While visiting the Taitlerles, lemonade was given to her Majesty and her lady, Madame del Barrio, and when she her got back to the Grand Hotel told Kishacblvich that they had * )< tto > (be lUh her Majesty’s Grand Chamberlain iclt for Trieste,'and Minister Caauulo started on tbo 12th. Before leaving, the latter got a telegram from the legation at Pans, enclosing your Majes ty's giving the good nnderstandirg that reigned cterrw herein Mexico among all clashes, the com plete organization of the Ministry, 4c., &c. As soon as Xreceived the despatch from 1 tent U to the Osi«rtofor« ffomcno for publica tion that day. but as it appeared with the date of •id of September instead of the 9Slh, the true dale of tbe telegram. 1 bad it republished the next day with ihe date corrected. . . . . _ Seror Barrio and his lady, who wanted rest, re main here, but expect to emu for Trieste worn so as lobe near Miramar when your Majesty a orders ar pspers here publish extracts from those of the United. States, reporting that Santa Anna Lad rais ed a loan of three millions of dollars, and senV an expedition of six steamers and two thousand men to the coast of Mexico. . . 1 received your Majesty's cornmnnicatmulOf the sth from Cuernavaca, and Ism In -Tr or {he concordats would be delayed or would fa, We have not received the letters recalling the mission, and it is disparaging forme, who has ititravs deserved the confidence of yonr Majesty s Goveitmeat, to be brought down to a level with the rest and be compelled to quit Rome, when 1 i.ud jinked 1* ave to travel next summer with my tiniilv for their health, at which time 1 could write to your Majesty irom various places, and when Ramirez and Degolladohad solicited to go bact to Mexico. So float onr positions are alto •reiher mistaken; they are to travel, aud I am to co back to Mexico immediately. „ , _ , J support this is a mistake of your Majesty s secretary In writing the letters, though I have no iae» if lMptr’. w lam sorry to loam at this moment that her. Majesty the Empress even suspects the Count of Flanders and «iU not see him. 1 yon such sorrowful news, but it is my determiaa io let yonr Majesty know everything. ** £ tine frankness and loyally, and the tine way to Baker. Morti eetveyon. Hearn that tha Consol at Jeruaalem,and the Br oclfcaa fathers there, are smforing for want of means . , Wishing your Majesty all consolation, and note more than ever the special protection of Provi dence, I remain, jour Majesty’s most obedient servant. JoAQpixysnAsqctanzLEOS. To hla Majesty the Emperor, Mexico. DEMOCRACY AMD IMPARTIAL SUF FRAGE. U 1.741 The Boston po«t Follows the l<ead of the Chicago Times* The Boston Post, the leading Democratic paper in New England, has the following editorial article: • When those who talk longest aboat universal suffrage are takeirseriously at what they say. they betray the LoU>wnesa- ot the dogma and the la eincciity of tbclr professions by at once abandon ing both. It could cot lie expected of them m reason that they should do less, impartial suf frage is guarded by proper restrictions, so that the fountain ot polmcsl power may not be polln* ted. Universal suffrage means a throwing down of every barrier. In the shape of qualification and condition, by which the source of authority is kept from profanation, and tossing Into the lram pled arena of parly strife the eery safeguard that permits aneb contests In popular governments at all. Impartial suffrage is strictly according to Dem ocratic theory amt rule; it is impossible to con ceive from what other it derives support. But Us very implies the existence of some sort of qualification; that, tat instance, its enjoyment shall be put upon an impartial obedience to some requisition inat is standard. To establish no standard is debasing the very authority derived; the abandonment or oil cocdUons la an outright annihilation of the franchise. When the tounders of oar republican Government laid broad and deep their plans, they had much to say on the purltv of the ballot, and the ducproteciion of the franchise. All their discussions of the subject go to prove that they ihourht the stability of the structure was to depend on the soundness of ts inundations, and that chief among those foundations was the pro tected ballot, they did hold that all power was detived from the consent of the governed; but they bad never learned to stultify Themselves by claiming that all alike pos-essed the right to vote, because of their level qualifications. This subject has been left, all through our his tory, with the State Governments, for their own management; and there alone it belongs to-day. We realize that a new school of experimentalists has emerged from the chaotic stylo of thinking generated by the temporary tumults of war, who seem to believe that the bolder their assumption the better chance for them to obtain a foothold, and whose leading leutt is that the war for the Cnton under the Constitution has bt cn successful only os It has overthrown Union and Constitution together; but they advance no reasons and em ploy no substantial argument that can supplant the solid work of the framers of our svs'eta. ih most they can say Is that things arc changed. But the purpose of the war was not to revolutionize, but to establish, it is not more competent for Congres- to go into the several States now, and dictate the terms of suffrage, than it was before the war. if it be, then it can be shown recorded on the programme of the purposes of the war. To say that it grew as a result out ot the work of war, ts mcrelv-to admit tbsl the war has wholly broken up and destroyed our republican s) stem. Tbtre can be no valid objection to the preva lence of the impartial snu'rage principle. Base it, os beic in Massachusetts, ou citizenship, taxation, and a certain degree of intelligence, and no rea sonable man will question the fact tnat it Is calcu lated to strengthen the political character of every State that adopts it. Tuese three simple and com paratively easy qualifications arc perfectly|falr. and do col derogate from the value and dignity of the elective franchise, 'they bestow It with freedom - :b, *• .uongh, and still -urroand II with tac safeunaras that are calculated to enhance it in >Lo popular es teem. Those who require It feel that it is an ac quisition; to be without it after comm; to raau hoo'dwouldmark the denied Individual uncnvia blv. And from suck considerations it becomes a possession tint speaks the general authority with an app-eciable emphasis The qualifications which we have named as pe culiar to we should t>e glad to see adopted by every Stale In the Union. The/ arc just because they are impartial. We would like to sec them set up a* a common standard of suf frage, to which men of all conditions and colors should dnly report themselves .or examination Color ought to have no more to do with the mat ter ttau size. Only establish a proper standard, and then apply it impaitially. A rule of that sort is too firm.y fixed in justice and cunaliiy to be shaken. It commends Uself too cteudy to the right seutimen' of the entire bod? of onreountry men to be successfully traversed by objections. Once let this principle be fairly presented to the people of the several States, with the knowledge on their part th'*t they alone ate to have thcdispo- I sal and settlement or it, and we sincerely believe I it would not be long before it would he adopted 1 by every State in the Union. Bat adoption is another matter from enforce ment. The most patient examination fails to re veal the aatoriiy from which Congress derives 'he power which many latterly claim for it, to go into the states and comjul Ihem to adopt a particular rale of eudrage. or to abolish, all rules entirely. Not only is the ballot, which is the source of au thority, corrupted by so Icrcllmtr a process, but the primary prerogative of the States themselves is seized and trampled upon. The ballot loves its pnri'y, the Stale is robbed by open vioUnce, and the people are taught alcsson In arbitrary proceed ings which they can os readily put in practice m the future without regard to too ballot as with. We repeal that we shall rejoice at the adop tion of impartial suffrage by all the States, North and South alike; but we should not Use to seo that or any other sound and excellent principle forced upon the citizens of the States by any out •lde power, whatever. There is such a thing as practically mining even a cood principle by a oad method of applying it. We arc at perfect liberty to discuss this matter within (hose limits by which our own political power is bounded; and wo may set forth as coble an illustration of our convic tions as a local example will admit; bat it is not allowed us to combine in Congress to compel otho States (o follow the example, though It were the perfection of reason in Itself, and the m j)lut ultra of justice and morality. THE PBESTLEY CiSE. Statement of tbo ITlonongaliela Pres bytery—The Investigation Requested by the Ucv. Dr. Prestley—The Charges upon which the Defendant Was De clared Guilty—The Rev. Dr, Prealley’* So cccssor— E tc. [From the Pittsburgh Commercial, November 2(7.] Tho Interest manifested by the public in the case of the Rev. Dr. James Prcstley, lalo >astor of tho United Presbyterian ,’burcb, on Sixth street, Pittsburgh, has scarcely abated, and Rumour, with her thousand tongues, continues to circulate many and various ill founded reports con cerning the aliair, although the whole mat-' ter has been thoroughly examined into by the church to.which the defendant was amenable, and its sentence passed upon him for the wrongs he committed. The commit tee appointed by the Monongahela Presby tery to make a statement of this case, pre pared the following, which has been handed to ns for publication: The committee appointed by the Slonon prahcla Presbytery to make a statement of the case of the Kcv. Dr. James Presiley, lately tried in said Presbytery, would pre sent the following: At a meeting of the Presbytery held at Union. September Itvh, 166 C, Rev. Dr. PrcsllvT seated that certain rnmoro touching fall character as a Chris tian and a minister were in circulation In the com munPv. ond asked Presbytery to investigate said rumors. I In compliance with his request, a committee I was appointed, which at a meeting: of thePreeby- I tcryhcld hi LawrcLCCviHe, October 2d, reported i that the rumors were of Kachacharacterthatlbcy I should receive a thorough and impartial examine* I tioti. I in accordance with the report of this committee. I a committee was raised to prepare a libel against I the Rev. Dr. PrestTey. At a meeting of the Pros* I oytery, held in the First Church, Pittsburgh, I October llth, said commlttoe reported a libel- I The inrestu-ation of the Itbol besau at a meet- I irgof thc'Precbyttry, held in the Fifth Church, Pittsburgh, October Sltth. The Presbytery con tinued in session eleven days, and the charges coutaiaed in the libel were patiently investigated. About thirty-two witnesses were examined. The libel contained three charge?. The first was ‘•nnklcd, cruel and violent treatmentof his fam- I Ily.” The second was “ the use of vulgar and-1 profane language.” The third waa “ unfaithful- j ness to bis marriage von*.” The first and third of these charges were unan imously sustained. Tire second charge was sus tained, but not unanimously, so far as “profane language” is concerned, under these charges were lourteen specifications, which were all sus-. tained—nine of them nnanlraonsiy. The Presbytery, however, were careful to say “that by the language of the third charge, they will not find the Itev. Ur. Prestley guilty of adm it rv, or even charge him with that sin.” The charges and specifications against the Her. Dr. PrcstJey I* leg found' proved, the Presbytery indefinitely suspended him from the exercise of the ministry ana from membership In the church. tVbeu the sentence was pronounced neither the Moderator nor the members of the Presbyterv could restrain their feelings. Every minister and elder seemed to feel bis responsibility, and every heart was moved with sympathy for the brother oa whom the Presbjtery waa compelled to pass this sentence. (Signed) 8. B. Rexd. ) * W. H. axpoxw, > Committee. Wa. J. Ito, j "We arc informed that the church to which the Rev. Dr. Prestley lately sustained the re lation of pastor, intend, shortly, to call to that position a new man. for the present, the pulpit will be occupied on the Sabbath day. as recently, by different clergymen of the United Presbyterian denomination. One • or two learned divines have been mentioned In connection with the office of pastor, but some time will necessarily elapse before a permanent settlement Is effected. DISASTROUS FIDE AT ALTON. Lou Fifty to SlityXbonsandDollai* Fully Insured. (From the Alton Democrat, November 19-1 A lire occurred yesterday morning In Dr. Hope’s building on Third street, which proves a severe loss to owners and the Com munitv, therp being probably from fifty to sixty 'thousand dollars worth of property destroyed. When the flrc bell of the Altona sound'd the alarm the fire was breaking out of Mr. Hart’s clothing store, adjoining the Alton National Bank. It burned with fury, exciting much apprehension. A sheet of flame, the entire breadth of the two stores of Messrs. Hart and Gottlieb & Co., issued from them and rolled ont under the awning in a fearful wave. Thebeautlfnletore ofMr. Slcher was broken open and the goods were speedllv removed. At this point the hank on the Vest side and the new building of Messrs. Klrsch & Schiess on the east began to smoke, and fears were entertained that they would be destroyed. The valuables in side the bank were got ont and placed in wagons, in charge of Messrs. Mitchell. Ham lin and others, until the safety of the build* lug was assured. All the fire apjraratus of the city were soon in active use, and succeeded finally in saving these two buildings from serious injury. The fire penetrated into the building on the north, fronting on Belle street, occupied by Messrs Chaney & Levis, P. F. Regan, Kleiupeter & Wocner as a saloon, and the Odd Fellows 1 Lodges. The Intrepid exertions of the fire men, however, prevented their total destruc tion, although much injury was inflicted upon them and the goods within. Much stock of Messrs. Chaney & Levis was saved from this part of the fire, but, so far as we could learn, the finest descriptions of furniture that were kept over the clothing stores on Third street were entirely consumed. The buildings destroyed were the property ofDr.T.M. Hope, who has an Insurance of SIO,OOO upon them. -The loss Is estimated as follows; Dr. T. M. Hope, $15,000; Chaney & Levis, $12,000; J. H. Hart, $18,000; Gott lieb* Co., $15,000. The goods In Mr. W. Sicber’s store " ere mainly rescued, though much was lost or Injured we have no doubt. Wc learn that Messrs. Chaney «fc Levis have insurance as follows : Illinois Mutual, $3,000; Franklin. $2,000; Metropolitan, New York, $2,000. The Odd Fellow Lodge have insur ance with the Illinois Mutual to the amount of $750. Kirsch & Schelsa have Insurance with the Hartford, $3,500 and Lamar, $3,500. J. H. Hart, Gottlieb and Wm. have in surance to the amount of $21,000. Dr. Hope. Is insured with J.*T. Rice to the amount of SIO,OOO. ' * The wife of a wealthy and merchant, of St. Louis, was arrested In a slate of uncontrollable drunkenness on the ®J* evening last week, and spent the night in the cal aboose. It may be added that her husband mar ried her knowing her to he a professional wanton. POLITICAL, The Bepnblfcans of the Fifteenth Senatorial District of Michigan have secured the services of a very able and reliable Senator in the person of Eon. Charles W. CUab* e, of Cassopolla. While the Bepnblican party, as in this case, selects its best men for responsible positions, the best interests of the State and nation, and the flilare success of the party will be ensured. Tbe Shawneetown D. W. Mann, Esq., the Senator elect from the First District o( tfrU state, la a gentleman of dedded ability, and will mate a most excellent Senator. He succeeds W« H. Green, a notorious rebel sympathize!. We are not In possession of tbe official-vote of the dis trict.' but his majority may be set down, with great propriety, at 300. AH honor to the loyal men of the First Senatorial District. ■ The majority for Hon. W. H. Windom, the Re publican candidate for Representative to Congress in tho'First District of Minnesota Is 6,404, and for Hon. Ignatius Donnelley, the Republican candi date in the Second District, 4,131, making the ag gregate Republican majority in the State 10,537. This is the largest majority ever given, even ex ceeding. Lincoln's in ISClby full 2,000. Illinois, lowa and Wisconsin most look ont for Minnesota or she will prove the banner Slate—the Vermont— of the West. The continued discussion of the Senatorial ques tion in Pennsylvania seems to add to Governor Curtin's strength. Morgan Bales, In the Traverse Hindi, tells the following story about his successor: “The newly appointed Register of the Land Of fice at Traverse City, who is now on a pilgrimage to that political Mecca, Grand Rapids, called at a fanner’s bouse about tw«nty miles south of this glace, to ob'alo refreshments. While at dinner, e asked the lady oLthe uouse what her neighbors thought of Bates, the Register. She replied that he stood well in that community. 4 well,’ said he, 4 Bales has been removed.* *Ahi* replied the lady, 4 I suppose that drunken old Johnson has turned him out, to make room for some filthy Copperhead!’ Our successor in expectancy tat tooed op bis ofllclal dignity, and left without fur ther remark.” ACoppeihead committee from Montana, who called upon Secretary Seward and urged 'he re moval of Governor Green C*ay Smith for Radical ism. was told that no removals were now being made on that ground. The Marylanders boast that their Legislature elect is unusually able, if it is Democratic. Among the members of note arc General Edward Ham mond, of Howard; Judge Carmichael, ol traces Arne's; Don. Alexander Evans, of Cecil. ti-Gov. Phillip Francis Thomas, of Talbot; Dr. Francis P. Phelps, sen., of Dorchester, and Hon. Isaac D. Jones, of Somerset Five ot these gentlemen nave been members of Congress, and all of them pre viously representatives in the legislature. The Vpsikmri Smtlnrl, the leaning Democratic organ of Washtenaw County, says the support of the local Democratic press is tailing so rapidly, that the press promises io become cxtiact and carry the Democratic party‘down with it. Hon. Chas. J. Folger la added to the Republican candidates for the United States Senate in New York. Hon. E. S. Pitt, D. C. Littlejohn and D. P. Wood ate spoken of lot the Speakership of the * New York Assembly. Thc.ooorrou>;*y tWU.) Adcoca'e gives figures of the recent and former election! in that county, showing handsome Union gains. ' In the Union majority was 181, in ISC2 212, In 1803242* Ibis year 372. The Republicans of Quincy are moving in the right direction. They have called a meeting for the purpose of inaugurating a permanent organ ization, through which they Intend to secure a triumph in that city and county. The following Democratic papers in this State have declared themselves ic tavor of the position taken by the Chicago Times : Lacon Intelli gencer and Rock Island Argus. And the Ottawa Free TiCder, Pi Sc Conufy Democrat, Carlinvillo Spectator and Monmouth littuic are against it. PEUSUMAL. The Prince sod Princess de Joinvihe have led Germany for England. Ex-Confodcrote Sen.sfor Oldham, of Texas, is at Cordova, Mexico, making photographs for & living. Mmc. Elizabeth Ipsilanti has jnat died at Odes sa. at the asc of 114 years. The health of Marshal O’Donnell. which had given rise to some anxiety, U now re-established. The death Is announced, at Dublin, of Major w General Sir C. Warren, K> U. B , in bis sixty-ninth year. - . Count Kufislcntcr and Captain HuzSctd, of the Austrian navy, are at the New York Hotel. The Prince Royal of Prussia represented the King at the marriage of the Princess Dagmar. Mr. Gladstone is said to have prepared a paper on “Ecce Homo.” Mr. Seymour Fitzgerald has been appointed Governor of Bombay. Admiral Tegethof, of the Anstriac navy, who won the battle oflissa, will shortly • visit this country. j Dr. Robinson, assassinated by the Mormons, : was horn at Calais. Me., and was about thirty-ono | years old.' I President Johnson Is said to have assured Mrs. I Jacob Thompson that her husband la at liberty to 1 return to this country. Victoria his placed St. James’ Palace at the disposal of her relative. King George of Han over, and he has decided to accept it. Rev. J. Mickell, an English clergyman, seventy five years old, has blown hia brains oat without I any assignable reason. The Emperor of Brazil has conferred on H. P.' Wilson, an English merchant at lUo, the Imperial order ol the Rose. . The Vienna Gazette denies officially the* rumor of n projected manfage between the Princess Ma thilda, daughter of- the Archduke Albert, and Prince Humbert. Mr?. Ford, or Monroe County, Kentucky, gave bmh a few days since tothree children, all boys, * _• weighing seven and a half ponocs each. All arc _ living and healthy. Panics—George D. Prentice,/- Robert E. Lee and Jefferson Davis. ** Senator Henry Wilson, walking in a Boston , Cemetery last Tuesday, stumbled on the body of a suicide lying on one of the public lots. Thaddeos Stevens, who has been sojourning tt his Ironworks, In Adams County, for several weeks, reached hie home in Lancaster, on Tues day, In improved health. ' Jndceß.B. Curtis, of Boston, has been selected „ * aa umpire of tbc commission, consisting of Messrs. Johnson, of Albany, N. Y., and Rose, of. Montreal, to decide npon claims arising under the treaty * establishing the northwestern boundary. A good story is told of Mocanlay, who met Mrs*. Beecher Stowe at Sir Charles Trev'iyan’a and _ rallied her on h?r admiration of Shakspcare. “ Which of bis characters do you like beat?” said he. “ Dasdemona,” said the lady- ** Ah, ot coarse,”was the reply; “for she was the only' one who ran after black men.” General Thomas Francis Meagher, challenged ■Captain Henry A. Blake, editor of the Montana V’oar, to fight a dne), on account of certain articles tbatappeared in that paper. Captain Blake re plied to th? challenge in a regular pulverizer of a f letter, in which he declines the honor of becoming a murderer, or allowing the General the chance of . the same distinguished privilege. * Colonel W. H. Coyl, late Judge Advocate of the Department of Kentucky, who sailed from Near York in the steamer of the Cch ot October, intend ing to visit the eon'b of Franco* for hi* health, • died in Paris on the 3d instant. His remains are now on their way to this country for interment at Detroit, the city of bis late residence. Mr. Dion Boudcault, in bis testimony before a . Parliamentary committee has deposed to what U will surprise most , American play-goer? - to ' hear, namely: “That In Amcricr the; may smoke or drink or dr what they please to the theatres; there !s no hint of reatiiction of any kind, and, yet not only is th» . theatre maintained at a higher level than here sc far as the nature of the performance goes, but the acton themselves are a better .class.” The suicide at Mount Anhnrn, Cambridge, Mas sachusetts, on Tuesday, whose body was discov ered by Senator Henry Wilson, proves to have * been John W. Gear, an artist of Boston, who had been in a gloomy stale of mind for several days. A young man named B. C. Bell, from Bopklna* . vllle, Kentucky, committed anfdue by blowing bis brains out with a pistol, on board the stcame Wild Wagoner, on the iCth, a short distance be low Unionlown. A note was found upon hid pe> * ** son stating that family difficulties wa- the cause A New York letter says : “Until iatelji, then frequently appeared on Nassau and button streets in the vianity of the printing offices, a veneraDl TTinTi with gray locks and a whitened beard ande the cbm. Bis step was tottering, and he watkci slowly,bm one would always observe about him. certain air of dandyism. He always wore gloves and his clothes were scrupulously In the fashion It was N. P. Willis, the poet, now upwards i * seventy years of age.- [Willis is fifty-nine.— I Tain] Forty years ago ho was. In comma with Irving, Paulding, Morris, Leggett aid others, one of the young men of literary promsc in this city. New York did not extend rnochbc yond Canal street; the Park Theatre, oppositc.be City TT«n t was the nightly rendezvous of the torn wits; the fh. hlonable part o f Broadway was at he comer of Courtlandt street, and the line gemlenen and ladles made their afternoon promenades on the Battery. Willis, George P. Mocrfr, and Theo dore S. Fay, (afterward our Minister to Berlin,) edited a lively UUle sheet, the W*£ly Mnor. WQUawasin the Height of his reputation as a pocUhen, and his partner, Morris, bad juat made • himself famous with “Woodman, Snare that Tree.” Morris died about. two /ears ago, still a partner t» Ith his old friend la thf JTomt Journal . Willis, It is said, is now passing away. He has -/ not appeared In the city for some weeks, but has been confined to his resldcnceon thq Hudson, ‘by , his feeble health. Wl’h the ixceptlon, perhaps, of Mr. Simms, of South Carolina, he is the last representative of the second ieneratloa of Ameri can author sJ’ i. Major WiUltm B. Lewis, recently died la Ten nessee, .at an advanced age; MajorLewts was the friend and associate of Andrew Jackson, and held prominent portions under “Old Hickory,” both in the military and civil (Service.' He rendered Jackson great service In Scccmnlating amass of *• evidence tn defence of Mra Jackson in the unfor nmate affair with her former husband. Captain Boharda, and completely established the Inno cence of boih parties, tnimgh, by the* records of Mercer Coimty, Kentucky 1 , they are recorded odnl- • terers. He was Quartermaster under Jacksoa in 1812, and sebved through oe Creek campaign with great zeal and ability. Qe was present at the Chickasaw treaty made <y General Jackson and Governor Shelby, of Kentucky, in ISIS, and after- . •ward gave a correct vesion of the difference between them in relation to lbs fifteen annnitiea of 890,100 each to bo prtd to the Indians, which gave rise to the “ one soltaryrtat ■ story so often related to the prejudice of .the General. In a let ter from Jackson to lewis, date d Wflohi ne ton, Jannary CO. 1519, allusrtn is made _to artleieam the FbiSadelpbia Aurort, signed B. 8., written by the Major, about which Jackson says he finds Mr. Calhoun Is sore. Of at men. Mr. lewis contrib uted most to the eltvation o? General Jackson to tee Presidency, and afterwards drew up for Gen prai CM»a narrative of his election to me Senate 5S nomination for tho first office in the gift of the American people. Alter Jacksoa s election, Lewis accompanied him to WashinsrtoivcTCtt aa •feted in preparing the inaugural address, and be-* came one oftbe President's family, fie was a centlrman of wealth, and. after remaining in Washington some ume, desired to return to his olantation In Tennessee, on account of the ap □roach of the planting season, but the Pres fdent remonstrated with him, and inducing him to remain a member of his lamßy, appointed him an Anditor of the Treisury. Bo was ihoroighiy % ’ conversant with all the purposes of the Adminis tration, assisted to establish the Glob* newspaper l» 1330, and. In addition to the narratives to which we have already alluded, prepared accounts of the famous Eaton affair, the tend Between Jackson . and Calnonn and the removal of the deposits, trivia “ inside views” of those interesting evente. He opposed the anti-bank measures, and was in * frivor of compromise ou the taua question; but . these dicerencea of opinion never produced Urn slightest Breach in the friendship between him M.S pre«ldcDt Jackson, which continned until the close of the latter’? lite. Be baa since lived much. In retirement, and. not unlike many other protm nent men of that day, la a most forgotten by the present apd altogether unknown to the twin? generation.