Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, November 23, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated November 23, 1866 Page 2
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Cl)icaigo DAILT, TEI-WEEKLIAND W22KLI OFFICE. No. SI OLARK«BT. There are three editions of me Tanryx urea*. nt« Every morning, tor Grcnlsttor ny earner*, newimea aid the maUa. aa. m TVr Wcelxt. Monday*. Wed* deidars and Fridays, lor me valla omr; and me Vxkxlc, on Thoracal*, tor the mans and tale at oar counter and b newsmen. Teem, ortne CUciz. Tribune. Djpr. a sa Dallr.tonsalltatifcrtben (i-T rsar) ia OO "Sr*’ •• 44 tT'ir* a namua).. 800 Itt-Weetty. (per If). tt op *“ •* flverepiesone year 97 SO w ten copies one year.... SO (10 Wretly. a stogie copy one year a UO - ** six months 1 OO Cl at» or copies, one year. Clnbsol twenty, one rear Ar.a one extra copy *o getter op ol s emo o: twenty. pr Money by Draft. Express, or tn Eccutcxed Let t ;rs. nay !*• f ?tt »t oar rut. XT’ Bcmitunw* tor claDi most, tn all cases, oe made atone cc*. Bat additions may be made at any time, nt rates, afttv tin- dal* has been raised, provided n ml! jrar 4 ? sal^nnuonismide. K.vncrTfranwcuruEß*.—lnordemathe address ot your paperf chanced, to prevent (May. be snre and Spirtlvwtai v.m tabe—Weekly,Tri-Weekly, or Ds’lv.' Ai?o, clve year rsssasT and impre address. FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 23.15C6. nir rmc.vr.o high school. hieag;* lias an admirablcsyslem of public :iools, and the system is so good that it de serves to be made as perfect as possi- Mlt is expensive in the sense of the amount of money required to main- Uhi it, but we doubt whether a like .um of public money is expended in roy other way that accomplishes so mnch o. d, and gives such general satisfaction, (■nc feature of the school system of this city, . ;.il to which it owes mnch of its success, is • i;r High School. In that school the studies arc higher than arc taught in any ordinary p::Mic school, and to the great multi tude arc fully as high as persons not int« tiding a collegiate education de sire. Without the High School the. pupils upon completing the studies of the ordinary Grammar Schools, would have to obtain any further instruction from pri vate Uachcrs, or in some of the schools de signed to prepare students for college. The course of =1 tidy in the Chicago High School is very practical and thorough. 'What a hoy or girl learns there, he learns thoroughly; iu fact, the only fault to be found with the institution is that the course is 100 severe, particularly upon the younger classes. The (.Habllphinent of the High School !u Ibis city gave a great impetus to the public schools. As admission to It was justly con- Cnul to those who had attended at least two-thirds of a school year iu the public sehnols. it increased tbe attendance in the latter tehcois, and drew to them a class of puplis wI.K-b Lad previously shunned them. Wiib all these things commending it to popular favor, there is a strong objection to the High School founded upon the limited number of scholars that can l>c admitted. Tlu* pic-ml High School was organized te n years ago. Since then Chicago has more than doubled her population, yet the total number of pupils in the High School has not increased iu anything like the same proportion. It is about as difficult for a boy to whom ;:u education is most desirable, but who cannot afford to wait year after year until a chance occurs, to get into the Chicago High School, as it is to get Into West IVint. There is but one admission every year, and so hopeless the chance of getting In that hundreds are deterred from even making the trial. The Board of Edu cation, we know, have limbed means at their dbposal. and are justly cautious in adding expense to the High School, and arc, there fore, unable fo depart from a rule of admis sion, which, to say the least, is founded up on no principle. The High School has ten rooms, each, wc will assume for argument's sake, with a capacity for fifty scholars. One cf these rooms is devoted to the Normal class, leaving four hundred and fifty seats to ho tilled. The graduating class, wc will as sume, averages, Independent of the Normal class, about thirty-five annually. But the va cancies at the cud of each year,frora that and other causes, numberone hundred and twen ty, and consequently there are that number of seats to be filled every year. How docs the Board fill these vacancies ? An examin ation of the grammar schools Is. had, and the results noted. If onchundrcd and twenty can didates show an average examination of nine ty per cent, then the Board adopts ninety as tbe standard of admission. If to get one hundred and twenty scats filled requires that the standard of admission he reduced to sixtv.or any other number, the Board has no choice but to adopt that standard or let some of the seals remain unfilled. It will be seen, therefore, that admission to the High School is not regulated by any fixed standard of scholarship; on the contrary, the standard of scholarship entitling a can didate to admission Is regulated by the num ber of vacant scats. The candidate whose examination in one year would show a scholarship represented in the scale of fifty six, might be admitted, while another scholar showing a scholarship represented by eighty, would be excluded another year. The governing and controlling fact in both cases being not tbe talent or the proficiency of the candidate, but the number of seats vacant in the school. Is there no remedy for this evil which, while extending the benefits of the High School, will give increased inducements for sending all the children of the city to the pi ’•lie schools? »v'e suggest that the High School facilities l i increased by having one lu each of the thi e Divisions of the city. This would give increased facilities to the public. Admis sions to these from the Grammar Schools should be semi-annual, aud upon a Used grade of .-cliolarsbip. The lottery or chance business should be abolished, and every boy or girl should know beforehand that he or she should attain a certain grade of scholar ship before entering the High School. To make this more effective, the grade of scholarship essential to admission to the High School might he reduced so as to ad mit boys aud girls from the Grammar School at or about the lime they now reach the Master’s division of the existing District or Grammar Schools; with semi-annual ex aminations for promotion, the time might •■•e postponed six months later. The course I in the High School (which with three building*, one in each Division, could ac commodate three times the present num ber) might be reduced to two years. But while thus nominally reducing the standard of the High School, wc would not stop there. Welfare not the exact figures before u.-, hut believe the facts will, bear us out in the assertion that of the admissions to the nn. li .School, particularly iu the cases of imi more than twenty per cent com plete ti e whole course of four years. That Is to pay that out of every hundred pupils ad mitted to the-school, not more than twenty continue to the end of four years. This is shown in the fact that from one hundred to one hundred and fifty arc admitted every year, and the graduating class, excluding the Normal scholars, rarely exceeds thirty, and oitcu fails below that number. By increas ing thi- Utah School accommodations, and placing a High School building in each Division of the city, there "111 be given to the very large class whose means ana necessities compel them to quit school for work at an early period of life, an opportunity to obtain a higher grade of teaching than Is now to be had before reaching the High School. Hundreds of these most deserving youths might struggle to finish two years in the High school, hut the present course of three and four years extends beyond the time they can spare. . And having no Lope of completing the course, they abandon :Ik* echind even before necessity requires it. To the other class who have the time to pursue \ heir studies Into the higher branches there should he a full opportunity given* In addition to the High School, there *'ioul.l be a “City College,” to which pupils from the High School should be adqullcd. The course iu this college should begin where that in the High School leavcsotf, aud might he carried a point or two higher than the prcf-cnl course in the High School. The system thus modified would comprise the following: 1. The graded schools. -• The High School, with a building in each division of the city. 3. Thu City College.- The details of this matter, of course could only be ananged by the Board of Education, having practical knowledge of the whole matter, but the increase of High School fa cilities so universally demanded, would be attained by the plan wc have suggested, and by the establishment of the College there would he secured to those able logo through with the full course an opportunity of do ing so, without crowding out the greater number of those who cannot now have one thing or the other. The school system is founded upon the principle of edu cating tbe many. The plan we have suggested would apply this to tbe High School as well as to those of a lower grade. It is folly to suppose that this city will much longer endure the present arrangement by which pupils from all parts of Chicago have to go to the present building on West Monroe street. Some of the punils at the High School have to travel four miles to aud as many from that school every day, and to those living off the line of railway the task is as oppressive as it is unjustifiable. e know ail this will cost money and re julre legislation, bnt there Is no trouble In Vbiaining either for an object of such com panding importance. Having suggested i plan to meet a ‘great public necessity, re commend the subject to the early atten ion of the Board of Education, and to the jublic g*. net-ally. . EQVAL SVPFBAGE IN THE BIS THICT OP COLU9IBI\. The District of Columbia is under the im mediate control and government of Con gress ; and it is clearly among the foremost duties of that body to enact a franchise law that shall at once do justice to the block men and set an example to the States Tbe existence of slavery in that District was a reproach to the nation, until It was abolished by the first Republican Administration; and it will certainly become a reproach If the representatives o t the people shall fall to do fnil Justice to the emancipated, ard to establish truly republican institutions in the territory within its immediate jurisdiction. A bill was passed by the Douse of Rcprcscn (otives at its last session, establishing qnl rersal suffrage, but it was never acted upon . in the Senate. The bill as originally reported, provided for re stricted suffrage; but the Copper heads, wishing to throw odium upon Congress, or kill off the measure entirely, voted with the Radicals to strike out re stricted suffrage, and carried It. Thereupon the Conservatives turned round and voted with the Radicals for universal suffrage. The Senate, not being prepared at that lime to take such a step, took no action, and the Bill still sleeps In the Committee Room. It should be taken up at an early day, as “unfinished business,” and passed. The elections have removed all doubt as to the public sentiment on tbe suffrage question; and even the little opposition that showed itself in the recent campaign, is rapidly dying out. As the Mobile Advcrther says, the North will soonic a unit on this ques tion. It is not certain that all the Copper beads who voted for the measure in the House, as a piece of party strategy, would change their votes now, If they had the opportunity. At any rate, they are on the record as in effect voting for universal suffrage in the District of Columbia, and there can be no good reason for depriving them of the glory ol having aided one great and enlight ened measure by their votes in Congress. The President, too, has repeatedly com mitted himself in favor of negro suffrage. He said’that tf he were In Tennessee, he would advocate it there. He believes it is a question for tbe States; and he cafinot cer tainly deny but in the District of Columbia it is a question for the National Government. By declaring that he would eipport it were he in Tennessee, he declared himself in favor of the principle, and expressed a readiness to support it wherever, in his judgment, he could properly act in the matter. Consist ency, therefore, would impel him to approve Uin the District of Columbia. His letter to Governor Sharkey, In July, 1805, urging the extension of the franchise in Mis sissippi. and his recent declaration to Frank Blair that he still main tains the position expressed in that let ter, commit him fully to the principle. Should he veto .a franchise bill, he could only do so In accordance with the purpose he avowed in his St. Louis speech, to veto every measure that Congress shall pass. But whether Mr. Johnson would or would not veto a franchise bill U of no great consequence to the country. Congress has the power to veto all his vetoes, and to do justice in spite of him- If it shall fail to make tlie* government of the District republican iu s-pirlt and iu fact, and to abolish the unjust and discriminating laws for whose further existence it must be hold responsible, it will fail to perform a plain and imperative duty. It cannot, with a great show of consistency, demand suffrage for the black man in the South, while withholding it from him in the District of Columbia. IT 30 S 3 OO BESTIM’ OF THE NEGRO. Tbe most important fket which Is revealed by the census in Mississippi and Alabama Is the great and rapid dec case of the black population. The decrease of while population in six fears bas been, in the Male of Mississippi, b,UUO. Tbe decrease of the black population m Mississippi, has been, in the same time, 57,UC0. In those portions of Ala fc«ma where the census ia completed, the relative d'Crtam of blade aini tchlUs ia thown to hate oft* cheat tit* same. The bldck population has decreased in six year? atibciatc of 13 per cent, while, in the same ucrh d, under all the de structive agencies or civil war, the decrease of w hite population has been in the neighborhood of n per cent. If the ratio shall bo the same through* mr the it will appear (hat the black popu lation In that section has been reduced from 0 In 18'B, to : ,-ISU,WjU in isCC. These facts foretell with a certainty that is more reliable than mere prophesy what is tbe Inevitable destiny of the negro race in this conn ry.— Timet. From the above premises our humaqc and philanthropic, reconstructed neighbor draws the comforting conclusion that the colored race in the United States will become ex* tinct in a few years. Therefore, the ex rebels can safely consent to their partial en franchisement, as they will' remain to enjoy the privilege but a brief period of time. A few words on this alleged decrease of the blacks: Ist. In no Southern State was the colored population so much disturbed and affected by the war as In Mississippi. As our West* era armies penetrated down the river, the planters of Mississippi moved thousands of their slaves into Texas and the Red River country. Many were also carried off to Georgia and Florida by their masters. 2d. When onr troops got possession of the fixer from Memphis to New Orleans, some thirty or forty thousand Mississippi negroes wore recruited for the Federal army, and several thousand more for the naval service. The mortality among these men was very great. All family relations were broken up ; Jmsbauda, wives and children were sepa* rated nvd scattered. A good many negroes of that State found their way North ; several thousand of them arc living in New Orleans, and some arc in Memphis. 3d. The whole population, -white and black, suffered terribly from want and desti tution, as the State was a prey to contending armies, who devoured or destroyed its food and cattle, and burned its habitations ; but the sen ile race necessarily suffered the most severely. 4th. Since the war, the freedmen have been shockingly maltreated and persecuted by the malignant and untamed rebels of Mississippi. Many have been murdered, and others scared awny, and the widely-scattered families of the blacks have been but slowly collected together. sth. Since the war the whites have re ceived very considerable reinforcements from the North, while the blacks have received none, and yet the census shows that the white population has decreased 8,000 since 1SOO; and who knows whether the enumera tion of colored people has been carefully taken? Many thousands of them may have been omitted. Cth. Tbe census being taken In Alabama shows that the decrease of the whites is equal to He decrease of the blacks. Alabama did not suffer onc-holf os badly during the war as Mississippi. Ttb. A census of Texas taken at this time would probably show that the negro popu lation ol that State has donblcd since ISC3, sod avensus of Florida would exhibit a large :uliiition to the colored population. A care- ful census of the eleven sccediffg States v ould exhibit two things: that there arc as many negroes living now as there were in I>GO, and that the whites have remained equally stationary. Sth. The census of ISTO will return a small Increase of both white and colored population In the rebel States. The only class of colored people who will # show a positive de crease is the mulattocs. Since the negroes became free, the miscegenation business car ried on so extensively by the Southern chiv alry, has in great measure ceased, as the col ored females arc now protected by their hus bands and male relatives, from the lust of licentious cx-raastcrs. Neither can the harems of New Orleans, Mobile, Charleston and Richmond be longer supplied from the auction block with beautiful octoroons. The assertion that the colored race of the South Is rapidly dying out since their eman cipation, is utter bosh-pure Copperhead in vention. They will not increase as fast as the whites because they arc not recruited by a vast flow of foreign emigration as arc the w hites; hut they' are a tough, flexible,. fecund race, Inured to labor and hardship. Give them employment with fair wages, and plenty of food and accord to them civil and political rights; with tho civilizing Inlluenccs of free schools and free churches, and our w ord for it, the blacks will thrive, prosper and multiply fast enough. That the blacks of the Northern and Border States will de crease, is quite probable, as the more genial climate, abundance of employment, cheap lands, and greater social and political advan tages of the cotton States in the future, may attract them thither. Bui the race itself is destined to exist In the Southern States as long as the white race will exist in the Northern States. IDE ADVANCE l.\ IfcATES OP IN* SIKAML, Tho general advance in rates of insurance by the Boards of Underwriters in the various large cities of the country, is attracting uni versal attention on the part of policy-hold ers ; and in many places is meeting with formidable opposition. In Buffalo, a call, signed by over three hundred merchants, has been issued for a public meeting to or ganize a Citizen’s Ins nrancc Company, in op position to the Board of Underwriters, and similar action has been taken In other quar ters. There is no law against the formation of new insurance companies to the most un limited extent, provided the incorporators can furnish the requisite securities aud com ply with the legal requirements, but before inaugurating the business on a very large scale It will be well to examine the grounds upon which the Underwriters have advanced their rates. Viewed from their stand-point, these grounds arc substantially as follows: The old rates were not adequate for the losses of ordinary fires, and in cases of tiic destruc tive coi flogrations, which for the past year or two have become epidemic, either the companies having risks must go into liqui dation or the stockholders must submit to heavy assessments—a luxury which the most benevolent stockholders ore not usually anxious to enjoy. The total amount of iu suranee capital is the country Is about $(’■5,000,000, while the losses in the country during the past eighteen months hare been some $00,000,000. Before the warthe annual losses did not exceed $20,000,000, and, yet, under *hc old regime, when there was less of harm'd than now, insurance companies were not always successful. Other expenses of iisurancc companies arc very heavy. The State and National taxes on policies, pre mining, dividends, and the market value of stock, ore undoubtedly onerous. Expenses have also increased since the change In cur rency In the same ratio with the expenses of other business, while scarcely a day passes that devastating conflagrations, like that on Water street recently, do not tax the com panies heavier than all other demands com bined. Those are substantially the reasons urged by Underwriters for the advance of rates. With the competition of irresponsible com panies cutting under established rates, and with the present expenses, taxes, and losses, the managers of insurance companies argue that in a few years these Important auxiliar ies tc business must entirely cease to exist; that the strong companies will not go on, and that the weak ones cannot. To ns there seems to be mnch force in the arguments of the Underwriters, and it would be well for merchants seeking relief from wlmt the business men of Buffalo stylo “exactions of insurance companies,” to con sider the enormous annual losses of the pres ent, and the greatly increased hazards over years past. It is purely a matter of arith metical calculation, and one which any mer chant can solve in a few minutes, whether the general security of the country does not actually demand an increase in premium, and whether the increase is not a benefit to tbe insured, while It is a matter of Fife and death to the insurer. - ■ ' THE BOUNTY TAX LAW. We publish this morning an important decision of the Supreme Court, in the case of Taylor w. Thompson ct of., in which it is determined that the act of the Legislature, authorizing the towns in certain counties to levy taxes tor the payment 'of bounties to volunteers, is constitutional. It Is not de cided, however, whether that clause of the law which authorizes a tax to pay bouuties to drafted men is constitutional, as the point was not raised in the pleadings, aud was not before tbo Coint on the record. Judge Law rence delivered the opinon ot the Court. The Constitution only authorizes municipal ities to levy taxes for “corporate purposes,” and the question considered in this case, was, whether a tax for the payment of bouuties to volunteers Is a lax for a corpo rate purpose, within the legal moaning of theteim. The Couit holds that the duty to fill a requisition for a certain number of men was a duty imposed on the whole commu nity, and not on particular individuals; that a tax to discharge this obligation is a tax for the benefit of the community, and not for the benefit of particular individuals; aud, hence, that it may be properly considered as ;i tux ior a corporate purpose. A Delightful Place to Beside. Chicago is tart acquiring tbe reputation of an American Sodom aud Gomorrah. *lfio papers !■ , m v ith accounts of crimes and atrocities that me unparalleled.— Cincinnati Enquirer. One reason for this Is, that the Chicago press, instead o! concealing the crimes com inlttcd here, as is done iu Cincinnati, faith fully record them. And, then, in a great and rapidly growing commercial metropolis like ours, there is necessarily more accidents, incidents, and events happening than in fin ished towns like Cincinnati. Rogues natu rally flock to great business centres to ply their vocations. This is one of the draw backs inevitable to great commercial pros perity. The richest soils produce the rankest growth of weeds, notwithstanding which, the husbandman prefers the rich loam lauds. So business people prefer Chicago to Cincin nati, even If rascals from other cities crowd iu among them. A Major J. Tarbcll, formerly of the Federal army, who has been cultivating a plantation In the South since the war, writes to a Northern friend: “Give the blacks the best State In the Union, with teams, seed, gram, farming tools, a year’s fiupply of all things, and SSOO In money each, with u Government of their own, and they would starve to death the second year, and relapse into barbarism iu half a century.” This Item is going the rounds of the Cop perhead papers. Who is this fellow Tar harel ? If the blacks would “starve to death the second jear,” how could dead negroes “relapse into barbarism In half a century ?” It the facts were known It would turn out, first, that Tarharcl la d pro-slavery Copper head ; second, that he undertook to cheat the blacks who worked for him, ont of their wages; and, third, that ho was a hard, mean overseer who wanted to run the plantation on the old “patriarchal system” of the chi valry—of taking all the profits for himself. Those who deal honestly and fairly with the blacks come to just the opposite conclusions of those expressed by this fellow. Spirit of Hie Gorman-American Press. The Illinois S'act a Zeitung, of the S2d nit, draws the loliowiog parallel between the political Bitnation In England and in the United Stales: 44 The political qoudition of England and of our Republic presents some striking analogies. In Great Britain and Ireland, as in this country, the people arc busied with great questions of reform; there, as here, the Ministry sets Itself in opposi tion to tbe spirit of the times, though with us things have gone so far that, under tbe leadership of Andrew Johnson, a civil war is not impossi ble. “'Jhe English Ministry, as well as ours, la re actionary, or, to use a term which they are fond of, conscivaUvc. At Washington,'as in London, Cabinet nucting alter Cabinet meeting is held to unloose the Gordian knot; In both nations the main Issue la the extension of the right of suf ft age. which the people demand, and which the Ministers refuse to grant. In England neither the Qnccn or Parliament Is all-powerful, bat the ar istocrat} ; with ns, an accidental President Is striving to crush the Legislative and the Judicial Departments of the Government, that the Executive may be nntraznellcd by law, a crime which brought Charles 1. to the scafiold. II etc, the subjugated South, without any cause, complains of oppression; with our trans-AUautlc cousins, Ireland utters the some cry, hut with the most perfect justice. We have the dethroned slave Larons and their protectors, tho President and nis clerks against ns in the field; the people of England, Scotland and Ireland are warring against the aristocracy who are straggling to maintain their dominion Intact, and to continue to rule as they have done heretofore. “Here and there arc wiao spread agitation tonavo tbe way to great reforms, immense assemblies of the people and I-e-fictlonary journals calling the movement mad and impracticable. In England the end Is to emancipate the white elaves by a healthy and profound rctonn; In America tbe question is to secure the freedom and safety of lonr mullons of emancipated elaves, and there, as here, the object and aim of the reform agitation is to luluse a new stream of fresh vigor Into tbe State, that it may the sooner enter the beatified eta ot political and social life. “Bnt with these analogies, there arc nainrally points of difference. The Queen of England docs not threaten the peace of the country as docs oar President, who plays the tyrant in broad-cloth; the English Ministry is responsible, while oar Cabinet officers are merely Irresponsible clerks, who are protected by the mythical responsibility of the Prcsiucnt, so long as the House of Repre sentatives docs not Impeach them as faithless of ficials and as traitors. Another difference Is more' important. In England, the Min istry must fall when It does not give up its own principles *and party traditions and yield to the popular will, while Andrew John son and his re-actionary Cabinet remain in power, although the sovereign and loyal people have In dignantly rejected their miserable and destructive policy. 'Hu re Is, however, one happy difference between the two countries. The English reform movement has a single grant leader, John Bright; we have a brilliant gallaxy, who have been fight ing the battles of radical reform on the rostrum, iu the council of the nation and on the field of civil war, and who will not rest null! the good cause has triumphed.” POLITICAL. We have already stated that by the general de sire, General Upplncotl will be a candidate for Secretary of the Senate. Mr. Parks, editor of the A'ton Telegraphy is a candidate for Postmaster of the Senate. As yet wre have not seen the name of any candidate for Clerk ol the Uoose. Several friends have suggested to ns the name of A. 8. Thompson, of Monmouth, for the place. Mr. Thompson was the Flrsi Assistant Clerk at the !a?t eer-ion ot tho Legislature, and bad tho gene ral reputation of beiug an excellent officer. Tto New York Asms, Woiid. Herald, Sun, Na tion, and several other Copperhead journal? of Uiat city, have declared themselves in favor of Horace Greeley for United States Senator, as have also the Richmond (Va.) Examiner, and Philadel phia Age. of tbe same political stamp. The Johnson Department Club, at Washington, organized lor the purpose of spying oat and hav irg dismissed from office clerks who would not endorbc “my policy,” is fast dwindling down Into nothing. The member? arc daily resigning and becoming silent as regards politics. It Mated that every Republican in tbe State of Deleu are has been lamed oat of office, and not a Republican newspaper in tho State receives a dol lar’s woj th of advertising or printing from the Government. Everything has passed into tho hands of the Saulsbnry Copperheads. The editor of the Wilmington Gazette, whose office was mob bed for treasonable utterances, is now the United States Marshal. The Fourth Senatorial District of this Slate, rep resented by Dr. D. K. Green, the apostate, gives a Republican majority of seventeen hundred. Hla Republican constituent? invited him -to resign be fore the election, and now they offer him another chance to do iL Mr. Bianscomb, the Radical candidate, has re c ived the certificate of election to the lower house of ri.e Missouri Lcghia nro from St. Louis. Prank I'luir was his opponent, and made a push to secure the ccitificatc of elcctiou, notwithstanding be was beaten by the loyal voters. Senator Doo'ittlc’s voyage to Louisiana aud Texas is a myetcry to the uninitiated. The Win c« mm papers guest that he goes for the purpose of seeking a home m that part ot ILe nnrecon etruclcdlJi.lon, especially as ho has offered his pi open j in that State for sale. General Dlx. it is said, will not leave the United States until Mr. Seward can receive tidings from General Sherman as to the actual condition of af fairs in Mexico. Jui'gc Alexander Walker, formerly editor of the CliidcnaU Enrulrei-. end now residing in New Gtlcar?, ha? just obtained a verdict for SU,OUO in thelft'ierciiy,us alec for saving S.SOO bales of cotton for a rebel widow. THE BOUNTY TAX LAW. Important Decision by tlio Su preme Court. THE BIGHT OF TOWNS TO LETT TAXES FOB BOUNTIES TO VOLUNTEERS SUSTAINED. A Point StUI Undecided. The following important decision has been made in the case of Taylor vs. Thompson cl ah The case was submitted at the last April term of the Court at Ottawa, and tbe opinion approved and filed at the term just closed: Taylor vs. Thompson ct al. Mr. Justice Law rence delivered the opinion of the Court, On tbo fifth of February, 1665, the Legislature passed a law (page 103, probate laws of 1965.) authorising tbe towns in certain counties (herein named, to levy a tax to pay bounties to persona who should thereafter enlist, or be drafted Into tbe army of tbe United States, a vote of the people of the township being first taken. The people of the township ol Odell, In tile county of Living ston, voted a tax under this law, and the appel lant, alleging that he was s non-resident of tbe township, bat owning property there, filed a bill to enjoin tbe township officers from its collection. The tax Is resisted on the ground that It was un constitutional. The fifth and sixth sections of article 9 of the Constitution areas follower “5. Tbe corporate authorities of counties, town ships, school districts, cities, towns and villages, may be vested with power to assess and collect tax es lor corporatepurposcs, such (**«>■ to bo uniform in regard to persons and property within tbe juris diction of the body Imposing the same; aad the General Assembly shall require that all property wltinii the limits ot municipal corporations, be longing to individuals, shall be taxed for the pay ment of debts contracted under the authority of law. 41 6. The specifications of tbe objects and sub jects of taxation sball not deprive tbe General Assembly of the power to require other objects or subjects to be taxed In each manner as may be consistent with tbe principles of taxation fixed in the Constitution.*’ bee article a, sections 5 and 6. It L urged that tbe (ax In question Is not a tax for “ corporate purpose*,’ 1 within tbe meaning of tic foregoing provision. While ibeie are some objects of taxation so marled and distinctive that no person would feel any dluicclty In determining whether they did or did not fall under tbe bead of 4 * corporate pur poses,” tbeie are many so uncertain in their char acter that ihu must Intilheeut and candid minds vouid difier in regard to them. Wuen, there fore, the Legislature has authorized tbe levy of cciiain taxes, and has thereby declared them to be, in It- opinion, taxes for “corporate purposes,” we should not hold suco taxes to bo unconstitu tional, merely because their corporate character admits ol some debiae. A proper respect for the Icgblitive department of me Government re quires us to regard its acts a? nrlma facie consti tutional, and when the question turns uoon the pi ease meaning of a phrase of ambiguou- Im port, wc must needs hesitate long hoiorc wc pro nounce an act of thcgl.cgislatnre void. ' Again, the words 44 corporate purposes,” as uee*i in (he Constitution, should not receive a nat ion-or rigid construction. 'the framers of that instrumentmurihave designeu to leaves largo dbcrcllon to the Lccislatnro, as to what should be considered a> tailing within that phrase. Under democratic forms ol government, tbe object of those clauses in a written Constitution which te eii let (he power of the Legislature, Is to preserve a minority fiom injustice al the bands of a major ity. Urder iL<* Constitution of Illinois, this ob ject Is attained, so far as rc’ates to taxation, by the provi ior in the ncond section of tbe ninth article, requiring taxation to be by valuation, so that cv ry person and corpora iu>n shall pay a tax in p opurtion to the value of his or ils property. This provision, ?o long as it is observed, secures equality of taxation between all classes and individuals, and thereby protects cvcrv class Irora oppression by any other. The legislature will necessarily be composed, in a very large degree, of persons who are not only properly holders themselves. Mint the representatives of property holders, and as every (ax Imposed or authorized must bear equally npon all property within the died let where ilia to be levied, and by whose votes it Is to oe raised, the snarp dictates of self interest may be safely relied upon as a secnrlty against oppressive or taxation. That tbo framers of the ConsntaMu deemed they bad fur nished all tne safeguards necessary on this behalf, when thej provided tor absolute equality of taxa tion, and (hat they thought it unwise to hamper the Legislature with any restrictions as io cimcr the subject,, or the purposes of taxation, isicri* dent from the Cth section of (be Uih article above qnolcd. That section provides that the specifi cation oftbe objects and subjects of taxation shall not deprive the Legislature of the power to rc- 3 mre other objects or subjects to he taxed. Wo o not quote this as showing that the Legislature may authorize a municipality to impose taxes for other than 44 corporate purposes,” hut as illus trating the fact that the framers oftbe Constitu tion thought proper to rely upon the great princi ple ofabsolute equality oltaxation as a guarantee against its abuse, rather than upon a minute spec ification of its subjects and aims. Aud who will deny that this was a wise abstinence on their part,- when we take Into view theever varying emergen cies of society, and the rapid developments and unforeseen need? of our modem civilization ? We have made these general remarks for the purpose of showing that when the Constitution .authorized the Legislature to empower municipal ities to Impose taxes lor corporate purposes, with tbe additional provision that such taxes should be 44 unlionu ii< respect to persons and nroperty within the jurisdiction of the body imposing the same.” It has not designed that tbe phrase “cor porate purposes” should receive so nar row a construction as to justify the courts in bolding that a rauufdnality should not tax itself; although authorized by an act oftbe Legislature, because It might be a de batable question whelbcr tbe proposed tax would promote toe corporate welfare or not. That a tax may be so plainly bovond this limit as to call (or tbe interposition of the courts, we do not deny. What wc insist upon Is, that unless the case Is ex ceedingly clear, we should not interfere to annul a sc]Mmpo'>cd tax possessing the constitutional quality of uniformity in respect to persons and property. Wc proceed to consider the question whether a tax imposed forlho purpose ol raising bounties to secure volunteers in the late war can be prop erly called a tax for “corporate purposes.” We may define this phrase to mean, a tax to be ex pended in a manner which shall promote the general prosperity and welfa;o of tbo municipality which levies IL That every individual tax-paver shall make s direct interest in the object for which every tax is laid, or be directly benefited by its expenditure. Is unattainable in the very nature of things. General results arc all that can ho expect ed, and it it appear that a tax has been voted and levied with an bones* purpose to promote the general well-being of the municipality, and was not designed merely for the benefit of individuals or of a class, its collection should not bo staved by tbe courts. In a community, for example, composed oftbe various religious sects. It could hardly bo contended that a tax levied npon all to build a church, or support a clergyman for the benefit ofa particular denomination, was a tax for a corporate purpose. So too. If a lax were levied in order that its proceeds might be paid over, as a gratuity, to ioido Individual who enjoyed lor the time being tbe lavor of the multitude, there would be no pre tence for calling it a tax for corporate or mantel pal purposes. But on the other band a very con siderable portion of the taxca in every municipal ity are of such character as not directly to benefit i.on-resident tax-pavers, nor indeed every resi dent. Thus,the creation ofa police force, the establishment of a Reform School for juvenile ofUndcrs, of a hospital for persons ill with contagions disease. would not directly benefit a non-resident (axed for their support, and yet no person would deny that these are proper ends of municipal taxation, and justly Included In the words 44 corporate purposes.” They are so, because, while individuals arc benefited by the expenditure of eneb taxes, yet their purpose and object arc tbo security of tbe public against public evils, and the promotion of the corporate welfare. Where, as In the case before ns, the eolation of a question turns npon tbe meaning of a phxa«e,we must ascertain m what sente it has been need in analogous cases. Wc reason from conceded tintbs,andwe may take tho foregoing illustra tions as admitted instances of taxation ror corpo rate purposes. They are established by fixed and nneontrovened usages. Tbe tax sought to bo en joined in the case before us is noble In Ira char acter, because the result of new emergencies, but can it be fairly said to be any less a tax for a cor porate purpose, than taxes for the objects above named? Would tbe opening of a road, the lasing Oil* of a public square, the pur chase ot a flrO engine, the creation of an almshouse, be &fl important to the general interests of a commapUy, as was exemp tion from the necessary bat drefided conscrip tion during the last years of tbe late war t Doubt less In all communities there were tax payers whd would not be personally liable to tbe draft, bat who was thtre in any community, so isolated as not to be hable to be stricken by it through bis kindred or friends, or injured In his pecuniary In terests through tbe complex relations which men bear to each other in society! The teacherswbo educate our children, tbe clergy who administer the' consolations of our holy religion to the tick and dying, tbe magistrates who guard our laws, the mechanics woo carry on onr Industries, the formers who supply onr food, were equally liable to be swept from the various com munities which were thriving upon their labors. And can it be truthfully said that the sudden tear ing away of whole classes of sneb men. was not an injury to the entire community, and that a tax bywnfrhU conid be avoided was not a tax for a “corporate purpose i” But besides all this, many of these men would leave behind them families that had derived tbe tr support irom the dally toil of the husband or the father, and these families. In hie absence, would fall upon the community for support. These evils were not wholly avoided by furnish ing volunteers, but they were immeasurably les sened. For tbe volunteers were largely made up of tbe youth of the country—premising and gal lant ills true, aid consecrating forever the ba'Lie fields where so many of them laid down their lives—hot still so young that a large part of them bad not become the beans of families, or retUed as a permanent clement In society. The departure therefore of fifty nr a hundred volonlecrs from a email community, inflicted npon its general well being and prosperity, a for less violent shock than would have been caused by the loss of the same number of persons, tom away by tho lnd:s criminate chances of tbe drafr, and in view of this fact, a tax levied for the purpose of saving a com munity from tho evils inseparable from a draft, msy be fairly considered a tax for the common good. There Is another consideration which lends v potent support to the validity of this tax. Under the system rf drafting adopted by the Federal Government, each city and township in the State was assessed lor its respective quota of men. It was determined what amount of military service was due to the Government from each municipal community, under the acts of Congress, to which all owed obedience. The rendition of this service was a burden resting on tbe entire commnnlty, and no more due from one individual member of It, than from another. True, the service conid only be exacted from per sons within certain ages, but tbe exemption was granted, not because the service was not morally due item all alike, bnt because, under and over certain ages, the law presumed a physical disa bility to render it. Tbe service being thus due fr :m the entire popu lation of a town, and. ns dtixena of a common country, due from all the constituents of the popu lation alike, the legislature authorizes the town to relieve iUcif from the burden, If it can do »o, by hiring competent men voluntarily to perform the requited service. By tho chances of the draft this burden might fall on tbe shoulders of tan men out of every hun dred, and vet morally It would no more belong to any one of the ten who might be taken, than to any one of tbe ninety who might be left. Even legally. It would devolve on them only because blind chance so determined. Now If this burden, properly resting on the whole community, conid be changed into the form of voluntary service, and thus rendered not only vastly less onerous to the enure community, bnt be equally distributed among them in tbe form ol a pecuniary tax, can ther be really any question that such a tax wonld bo a tax for a “ corporate pqrposfe!” The service was assessed against a town o& a corporate com munity, and as such community it renders the service bv the aid of a corporate tax. Tbe tax is levied, not lor the benefit of the volunteers who rcci ivi* its proceeds, bnt for that of the communi ty to whom it brings relief. Wc hold the acts of tho legislature authorizing the levy of these taxes to be constitutional. Wc must not, however, be understood as ex prtfsingan; opinion as to that portion of the law which authorizes the payment of a bounty to men already oraTed. That there is a difference be tween bounties to drafted men and bounties to volunteers la obvious, and whether the former are snstait able is a question which we will not decide until called upon to do so by the record. Tbe tatelvcfore us does not present that point. It was beard on demurrer to the bill, and the de murrer was sustained. Fho bill nowhere alleges that any portion of the taxes rough! to be en joined, were levied for the purpose of paving b> unties to drafted men. Tbe areiment is sim ply that the taxes are levied “for the purposes re cited in tbe act aforesaid ” .Yon eontta\ bnt that Uicy may have been all levied for bounties to volunteers. Or, if it be said that the averment Is In substance that they were partly levied for vol unteers and psttlj for drafted men, then, even if It eboQld be held that tbe last named purpose was unlawful, the demurrer must still be sustained. • Ij a judgment for tares Is brought «o this court, and It appears that It has been rendered for (arcs, a pari or which are illegal, Urn Judgment will be reversed, as In the case of Campocll vs. The State, decided at lh»prc»«nttcrm,becan-elhejud'mcnt ie a unit. But when a bill In chancery fr filed, to enjoin the collection ol taxes, on the ground that tncy are in pan illegal, iho bll i must snow to what extent they are so. in order that the court may en join only the illegal portion, or else must show they are ao levied that it is impossible to discrim inate between the loral and illegal portion. There a>e no such allegations in ibis Mil. Wc remark. In conclusion, that »ax*iUon for a similar purpose has been held valid by the su preme Conn ofP«nnsylvanla, In the esse of Speer rs. School Directors of Blalrstllle, reported la the September number, 1865, of the Law Rt-Uter ard In the Supreme Court of Connecticut, H Booth va. The Town of Woodhary,rcported in the February number, 1806, ot the eame.magar.ine Decree affirmed. THE ASSASSINATION CONSPI- RACY. Extracts from Letters of A. Johnson's Hew Friends. What ibey Thought of nim in igos, As complicity In the assassination of Abra ham Lincoln U reported to be one of the grounds for the impeachment of Andrew Johnson, the following extracts from letters written by rebels who arc now friends of the latter will be of interest; extract nos jacob Thompson's lbttzb. I know there is not half the ground to suspect me that there is to suspect President Johnson himself. Ist. There was absence of all motive on mv part To have removed Lincoln at the time It was done, was most unfortunate both for me and for tbe people of tbe hontb. This I have believed, ai d have ofren io expressed myself. President Johnson was to acquire a d«g*ling power In the event of Lincoln's oeath. 2d. A paper Is found in President Johnson's room, a’tcr the assassination, signed by the Presi dent himself, to the effect that he (Booth) does not wish to trouble him (Johnson), but wants to know if he (Johnson) is In. Now, consider, this note is from a private citizen to a high-official, and It Is certain that if It bad been sent by any other man at any other lime, to any other official except the one most deeply interested in the event about to happm, U would have implied previous Intimacy and intercourse, and a wish to have an interview without witnesses, which the writer expected, cir cumstances i dmltdng It. 3d. Pieaident Joi nson goes to bed, on tbe night of the aseaatination, at the unusual hourTior Washington, of 9 o'clock,and U asleep, of course, .when an anxious gentleman leaves the aide of the dying President to Inform the new Incumbent of his great good fortune, which filled him with un utterable distress. Now, mark me, X do not say that all this creates a suspicion in my mind ol the complicity of Presi dent Johnson in the foul work ipon President Lincoln. But this ido say, that if such circum stance* could ho fo well Taken against the lion u. G, Harris, of Maryland, Bun. Wood, of New York, or Mr. Vallandlgham* of Ohio, they would have been received in the Bureau of Military Jus tice as testimony as strong as proofs trom Holy « riL. These ticls may poseioly suggest to Presi dent Johnson, and those who owe their official position and personal consequence to the breath of bis nostrils, a good and sufficient reason why the excited public mind of tbe people of (he United States, which has been lashed into lory by well concerted manipulations, and now demands a vic tim, should believe that there was evidence in the “Bureau of Military Justice" to convict Southern men—“rebelsand traitors”—of having**incited, concerted and procured” the assassination of Presides! Lincoln. But, at al! even's, these facts ought tu leach President Johnson a lesson of mod eration and charity to all those suspected. 1 feel cor.fldiul no fact, susceptible of being tortured by the shrewdest ingenuity Into a coloring so unfa vorable, can be shown In truth against President Davis or mysclL nor, do 1 believe, against any one of the gentlemen named in the proclama tion. EXTRACT PROM BEVERLY TUCKEB’S LETTER. He, at least, who charges mo uUh such a crime must expect to be dealt with as a man, not a po tentate—an individual, not the chief magistrate of a once great and Christian country. • • He Fhall not escape me by a dastardlv attempt to throw the responsibility on the subtle tools, the venial minions, in his employ. 1 intend to strike at the head, notat the tail, and if God spares my life, Andrew Johnson, and not X, shall go down to n dishonored grave. • • * • • Fearing to mete ont the punishment of what ho lalsely names tbe treason of (Jeff. Davis) a true patriot and statesman, Andrew Johnson's little soul seeks to suborn witnesses, and otherwise to obstruct tbe course of Justice by apacked military court. He proclaims to the world that Jefferson Davis Is the instigator of the death of Abraham Lincoln! and offers from his bankrupt coffers the sum ofouebundred thousand dollars for his head. Buclct as now look to the proof, rather the want of it. What object then—whence the motive for con spiracy for his death, when Andrew Johnson was to be bis inevitable successor? Where is the re cord of his humanity,magnanimity and mercy? Does any part of hU public carver point to me Cbiistian viitucs ot charity, forgiveness or tern- Sciaticc? ).ei the hear-hs of Tennessee, made csolatc by bis relentless crneltv, answer I Was bis character such as to commenu him to the good opinion of any respectable man North or South? let the degrading spectacle recently cnbiblted on the door of the Senate chamber answer. Nay, nay, citizens of the United States, the people of the South bad no interest in the death of Abraham Lincoln, They, of all others in the length and brcaath of this western continent, would have been the lost to desire or promote such an event. And Air. Seward—what public man in the South did not believe him to bo the only conservative adviser of President Lincoln, and of whom ic is said to-day he repudi ates the atrocious proclamation, and that bat for his Illness, he wonld have overruled the blood thirsty lust of his chief. Think you, he toa was a fit vicilm lor the Southern blade? But let us now giarcc at the proof, or rather want of It, upon which he may rely lor the conviction of the par ties embraced in tbc proclamation of the Presi dent. J. Wilkes Booth has paid tho penalty with bis life of having bei-n the perpetrator of the death cl Mr. Lincoln. The recognition of him by so many, to whom bis appearance was familiar, tho manucr ol bis death, and his dying declaration, fully attest this fact. We are therefore charged with complicity only, lu the absence or suppres sion of all evidence to implicato us, wc are forced to confine our inquiry to the private or public mo tive in the heart of any man in the Bomb, or con nected with her interests, at such a crisis, to put an end to tbc life of Abraham Lincoln. Ist. It Is equally a maxim of common sense, and the established law of evidence, that no m«m shall be adjudged guilty of any crime who cannot be shown to have been in a position likely to be benefited, in some way, by its commission—while tbc suspicion fails to settle upon one of whom tho contrary is established. Cut Bonot is tbc ques tion of questions which I respectfully put to the reflecting people of the United States. What ob ject could I, or any one of those named in tbe proclamation, have bad in desiring, much leas conspiring for, tbc death of Mr. Lincoln. It is true Lc baa prosecuted the war agamst the State to which I deemed my highest allegiance due, with such unrelenting energy ami extraordi nary success as to destroy our last hopes. But those who knew bim best, claimed for him humane and kindly guaiiiie* that “would have plead like angels against the deep damnation of bis taking off/’ The surrender of our armies, and tbe general capitulation that en sued, inspired with tbe hope these properties would be exercised toward an overpowered but honorable foe, and that kindly consideration would impel btm to exercise bis power In healing tbe yet fresh bleeding wounds of our conutry. Indeed, it is known that several of our most emi nent public men, among them Generals Lee and Johnson, partaking of this confidence, promptly declared that tbe death of Mr. Lincoln was a great calamity to the Bomb. Where, then, was the motive? Murder is never committee without a motive, either in Interest, re venge, or some bleared quality of the human heart. The valorous twenty-sis, those valorous kdghts, who tailed to capture alive, as the in ’crests of justice demanded they should have done, one poor crippl .d youth, have scaled tho only lips that could unravel this dark and mighty mystery. Bid they, it has been more than once pertinently esked, act in this respect under instructions, ana If not why have -hoy so promptly received the plandit, “Well done, good and faithful servants?” Would It have proved Inconvenient to any one to have taken him with tbe power to sneak? Alas I wc can never know all that died with this daring, yet mis guided young man, and we arc left to grope oar way among the motives of the living, to fix com plicity in this fearful tragedy. I have shown, in the only way open to us at present, that this charge cannot lie against the Bomb, or any of her right thinking and intelligent people; and surely ibe lamentation that has gone np throughout the North, from ti c Kennebec to toe Pacific, at tbc premature demise of tbeir beloved chief, acquits she people of that section of complicity in this. It follows, then, from this course of reasoning, that there could.have been no widespread con spiracy ; that the plan and perpetration were con tinea to a few individuals, and to no particular section of tbe country. Bid Booth commit this feaiT" 1 with no other motive than that which Inspired the v? n tklnl Erestrains to fire tbe temple of Biana at Ephesus* .If *O, "by did he call upon Air. Johnson eight boars bciord tbc time fixed for lis fell purpose* Bid he call upon Mm with tbO design cf assassinating him, as has been attempt ed tobc shown by the newspapers in the Interest of the Government? Surely none of his acts bear ont the inference that be was mod enough to snp prec that he could murder Mr. Johnson at two o’clock la the afternoon, and Air. Lincoln eight hours thereafter In a public theatre- What, then, was the motive of his call, and how came Booth to address the Vice President of the United States in words of such familiarity, showing certain ac qnainlaye, If not Intimacy, with him ? “1 do not wish to disturb yon, but would be glad to have an Interview. (Signed) “J.Witkxs Booth.” These arc words of strange and mysteriou* im port, and arc not to be lightly set aside In so great a matter as unmeaning ana insignificant. Is it doubted that if Mr. Johnson were a private citi zen, instead of the Chief Magistrate of the United states, seeking to despoil honorable men of their characters, and to visit upon them the Ignomini ous death of the gallows, that he wonid have been among the first brought to the bar of that Immac ulate substitution of the Indefeasible right of trial by jury, the “Military Bureau of Justice?" la there one, of all tbatmultitnde of prisoners of both sexes, the refinement of whose tortures are made the theme of slowing recital in the Northern jour nals—vlso could hope to escape conviction, with such a communication upon that very memorable day, fnm the confessed assassin himself? Is It impossible that Booth may have met Mr. Johnson In that lower circle they were both known to fre quent, and thus have formed an Intimacy which a common vice begets i Andrew Johnson, let It bo borne In mind, has been for many vears past, an almost frenzied aspirant for the Presidency. Ail the arts and appliances which the frnltfal brain of ibe unscrupulous demagogue could in vent and employ have been cxbau-tcd to attain this goal oi his audacious ambition. After a struggle of years—and not until the States ot tee tomb, including his own. had separated them selves Irom all political connection wilt the North —did te reach the position o! second civil officer of the Government. Then the prize, so long daz zling bis vision, seemed within his grasp. like Ludovico, be touch his brow in anticipation of the cmircliog diadem. Bnt tnc illusion was short-lived, for the public and private criticisms pervading all classes upon that most diseruccfal scene ot March -Uh, was well calculated to dampen his hope.* oi the reali zation of hi? long-chenshcd aspirations, and re move farther, if not forever, from hi? grasp the gllitcnsg prize. Ti e crimsoned.blush of indie ratiocrand shame mantled the cheeks of ambas tadors, senators, justices and tbs 1< seer dignita ries that witnessed the disgusting scene, white the sadeest count ranee In all that throng was that of Abraham Lincoln, who, It la said, on the evening of the same day. at the inauguration hail, declined to recognize him. The prayers of a whole people—friends and foes of President Lincoln—ascended to heaven that his fife might be preserved, and thus spare them the humiliation of having such a man to mlc over them. Arc we to bcUeve that all this passed unnoticed by Andrew Johnson, and if not. Is hi* the nature to harbor no resentments? Tkat great master wbo, as If by Inspiration, knew, and so fcarlullyldellucaud, tbc dark workings of the turnon heart, gives ns fcaiful instances when am bi'ton, interest and revenge have Impelled men lo enact like crimes, and puts hi ghostly bps the fvarfnl disclosure to the sorrowful and ball-siis pccticc son of tbe Banish monarch. ”’Ti« given oat that sleeoing In my father’s otebard a serpent string me. bo tbe whole car of Dcnmatk is, by a forged process of my death, tarkly abused. Bnt know tbon. noble youth, the serpent that did sting tby father’s life now wears his crown.” And how did it happen that Andrew Johnson, of all men fondest of demagogulng In public, should have remained qtuetly in Ids room upon the fatal evening when to Ine attraction of the theatri cal entertainment was to be added a wild and tcmcltnone demonstration at the presence of their great military hero? True, it waa Good Friday wbch in most Christian countries, is only worn to be celebrated by solemn worship and holy praise. would that tne mantle of Christian char- Jty conld be extended, :nd that his seclusion eonld be a-ertbed lo this laudable cause. And how are,wo fo account for tbo mysterious and couceascc manner in * hlch the whole of the iuoi rial examination is conducted, for the avowed purpose of ascertaining all tho particulars of this dreadful 'tragedy, ana of bringing the real cul prits to justice? Why should the prosecutors, more than the alleged criminals, fear the tight of dav! All this, ilia true, is but hypothesis, and yet. when you support Ithy the bet that Andrew John son is the only solitary Inolrldo.l of the tairey five millions of souls comprised In that land who ronld possibly realize any interest or benefit from the perpetration of this deed, and that Doo<h was not captmed alive, as lie unquestionably could tmve been, we must educe some one more plausi ble ere we wholly relecl this. Dead wen tell oo talcs, and the wantonly hushed voice of this un happy man leaves behind his bloody tragedy a Tearful mystery. TO THE CHRISTIAN PUBLIC. Address of the Illinois State Union Prayer IlloeUnc to (ho Gluistaan Pub lic. Ihc following address to the Christians ol Illi nois was adopted by a large meeting of ministers and laymen ci all evangelical denosunationa,from all parts of the State, at Sprinefloid during the tbiru week of November; and it was by them or dered to be published In all papers, religious and secular, which are willing to give it an insertion: Tbe Illinois State Un<on Prayer Meeting to the Christians of Illinois and of toe United States: Deab BiiETiiiitK—Grace, mercy and peacs be to Jon, irom God' our Father, and from tne Lord esns Christ Early in October the pastors of Springfield, and about eighty other clergymen of all leading de nominations, invited the Christians of thin State to assemble, from the 14th to the 19th of Novem ber, at the capital, to pray for the outpouring ot the Uoly Ghost upon our churches and people. This meeting is the outward symbol of the con viction that united, believing praver and effort will convert the world to Jeans Christ—a convic* ion wrought, as we believe, in multitudes of hearts throughout our laud, by the power of the Uoly Ghost. We cannot doubt that tbe move ment was ordained of God. Wo trust that it may prove one of the opening'events la a work of grace, which will never cease till it has over spread the whole earth. The call thrilled the Christian heart of the na tion. Perhaps no convocation ever met for which more earnest prayer has been oflered to God, not only in Illinois, but elsewhere. We icel that tha prayers ol God's dear iteople have been answered. Wc go down from this moment of nriviiegc, de tennu.eo to consecrate ourselves wholly to Christ. However Christians may difier concerning ques tions of theology or church polity, we believe that thi true church, of which slf regenerated men are members, is one. Ail who are by a living faith united to Christ are united to each ocher. Wc worship one God; we have one confession of sin to make; one Jesus, In whom we trust; one Spirit, by whom we arc sanctified ; one heaven, to which we hope that all who hold the fundamen

tal principles ot the Christian faith insincerity are journeying. Tbe differences between us are less important, a thousand times, than the points of agreement. We may not wear tbe same uni form, nor be drilled auke, but we fight nnder the same Captain against one common foe. Let us lov e one another. t. Brethren, we have, as the body of Christ, a work to accomplish in the world. That work is the overthrow of Satan's kingdom and the uni versal establishment of the kingdom of Christ, ihe magnUado of tbe undertaking no human in tellect Is gieal enough to grasp. Jesus has prom ised ns the vlciorv. Doc not vv ithout effort on onr own part. To gain it will require all our faith, all our courage, all our energy. Let us not waste onr strength by petty rivalry and needless contro versy. God works, both in the physical and in tbe spiritual world, by the iuetromeutality of second causes. God mnves tbe stars; but be moves them by the force of gravitation. God ma't convert the world; hat he wUI convert It by human agency. Without God we can do nothing. But we have no warrant to expect that God will work otherwise than through the Church; (hat is, through Christians. Divine power and human agency must be blended together, as the gases are blended which compose water. In this union of two elements, os of the divine and human in Christ, lies the secret of the Church’s success. We must both pray and labor. With one hand,- wc must lay bold on God; with the other, upon our unconverted fellow men; and through us, as through tbe wire which bears the electric fluid from continent to conti nent, God will pour the stream of divine Influ ence, which draws men to CbrisL The work must l»e done by individual Christians. Every Christian if or ought to be a power for God. We need to place lees reliance upon organization and xomirr, and pat forth more direct efforts for tbe salvation of individual sinners. Men are broueht to Christ one by one; and the Church's work will be done, whenever every nmegcueratcd man in the world is regenerated. Ibis is the glorious consummation to which the world Is tending. Jesus has taught us to prav, Thy Kingdom come. God has promised that the kingdoms of this world shall become the king doms of onr Lord and of bis Christ. Tbe cause of Cbust is col retrograding, bat advancing. Every day brings us rearer to the fulfilment of the promise; nearer to the dawn of that mlllenium for which whose speedy coming every heart bums which truly loves the bavnor. Why do we labor so little and pray eo little for the convcrson of thcworld! It is because we have so little faith. We profess to believe the Bi ble. Do wo really believe it f I? there any such thing ns Inoperative faith! Ob. If we truly be lieved tbe commands and promises of God, if wc realized Ike death and resurrection and interces sion of Christ, if wc felt in onr hearts tbat nnbe- IP vers shall be damned, and that God has com missioned every disciple, laymen and clergymen alike, to proclaim the Gospel to every creature, could we live as we do? Alas! no. Lord, wo be lieve 1 help thou our unbelief I Lord, increase our faith I And why bare we so little faith? Our doubts spring from a secret unwillingness to submit to tbe demands of the Gospel. We will not believe, because wc do not want to obey. The promises are a delight to our souls, but the precepts are a but den. Wc are witling to accept Christ’s bene fits, bat not willing to discharge our obligations to him; .willing to take bim as our a toning priest, but not as oar king; willing to be saved from hell, but not from sin; (o be saved hereafter, but not now; or in part, but not altogether. Wc want to enjoy the benefit of Christ’s work for us, without submitting to the work of tho Spirit within us. We want to he Justified without being sanctified. We desire that Christ should bo ours, without ourselves being Christ’s. But wc are Christ’s; His by redemption, by our own free gift; Christ’s property, Christ’s slaves. The secret of our gloom and Inactivity is the want of entire consecration to Ilim. Whenever wc are enabled to lay oil that we have at His feet, and to place ourselves, soul and body, upon tbe altar, a living sacrifice; when wc are witling to do all that Jesus requires, to abstain from everything which lie forbids, to endure with patience everyburden which Be Imposes; when our wills arc swallowed np in Bis will, and we are as ready to follow Uim to Gcthscmano or Calvary as to the Mount of Tisnsflgurailon, then we shall experience perfect peace. Th'.n our doubts and fears will be dis pelled. Then we shall he clothed with power from on high. The joy of the Lord will he our strength, God will uphold us with his free Spirit, wc will teach transgressors His ways, and the world will be converted to God. Who shall work this change in us ? Tho Holy Ghost alone.. Ob,for tho baptism of the Spirit! Let as tarry at the throne of grace till we obtain It. Bear brethren, we feel that we need revival. The Church needs iu Ibe world needs It. We need a revival, whose power will bo felt, not only in tho sanctuary but upon the street. Instead of the world corrupting the Church, tho Church ought to purify tbc world. Christians must be so imbued with the principles of the Gospel, that they will be always under their power, upon week days, as well us upon the Sabbath; in their family and so cial and business relations, as well as In those which they sustain to tho Church as an organiza tion. Tbc united power of the Church must be brought 80 to bear upon every form of moral evil in the world, as to bring It to a perpetual end. How shall wc obtain the revival we desire? t. Pray. Ask and ye shall receive. 2, Forsake sin. Return unto tbe Lord, and be will return to you. 3. Look away from sinful seif to the Lsmb of God slain for us. 4. Wescc Josnsin the Word. Study more alilgently the sacred Sctlpiuree. 5. By the foolishness of preaching U hath phased God to save them which believe. Preach the Word. Preach Jesns. Hold to tho cross. Remember that Jesus said, “1, if I be lifted np, will draw all tneu unto me.” 6. Labor for immediate re sults. 7. Expect them. According to your faith be it onto you. Open.thy mouth wide, -ailh God, and I will nil it. 3. Beck to lead tbe children to Jesus. Has he not said, “Buffer little children to come unto me?” 9. Be united. “If two of you agree on earth ns touching any one thing, it snail oc done for you of my Father which is in ncaven.” We venture to recommend concert of action, in cities, villages and country districts, among Christians 01 different denominations. Wo do not desire organic ucity. What wo need Is the unity ollhcSpliiL Tbe experiences ol the past vcar,lu almost every place throughout the State nfierc the bpirithas been poured out, provothat without any sacrifice of principle such a union is possible as will disarm opposition and silence the cavils of unbelievers. If it is possible, observe tbe week of f rayer together. Let several congregations gather o one church. We rejoice lo bear of so many gatherings for prayer, such as are described in Zachariah vlii.: 20,21. We bail them as harbingers of tbe coming blessing. Organize in every village a daily union prayer meeting, and sustain It, In some conuties, perhaps, county prayer meetings, similar to the State meeilne, may be practicable. May God fill us all with that spirit which will take no denial, and enable ns (0 pray with groafiings which can not benttcred. Next year is the ecrcnlb semi-centennial anni versary of the Reformation. Three hundred and liny years ago, on the 81st of October, Luther railed to the door of (he castle church at Witten berg bis famous thesis. Does not (he Church need a fresh Impulse from above? The Reforma tion broke the bonds of formall-m by which the Church was then fettered. Do we not need to be delivered anew from the same formal spU it ? The Reformation resulted in the organic division of tbc Church. Do we not now need more spiritual unity. Ihc Reformation gave prominence to the great Bible doctrine of Justification by faith alone. Does not the Church need to l>e more deeply impressed with the conviction that there can be no salvation without sanctification? Wo have thought It well to appoint another meeting for player, to be held in Chicago, next year, upon the Tuesday preceding the 31st of October, ana wc in vite to it ail Evangelical Protestant Christians in Illinois. May God prepare ns for it, and bless it to tbc world. God will bless ns: wc know It. Do is more willing to give the lioiy Spirit to them that ask Him than parents are to give good gifts unto their children. Bring yc all the tubes Into the store house, and prove me sow herewith, said the Lord of Hosts, it 1 will not open the windows of Heav en and pour out a blessing so great that there shall not be room enough to receive it. SAD SUICIDE* A Young Lady Drowns Herself la the Canal, [From the Rochester, N. Y,, Democrat, Nov. 20.] Great excitement was caused in the upper part of the Fourth Ward and the lower part of the Twelfth last evening, by the auuden disappearance of Miss Jennie rage, daugh ter oi Mr. James L. Paige, No. 7 Howell street. Miss Paige was about sixteen years of age, aud had been a cripple from infancy, be ing compelled to walk with two crutches. She had appeared to be as cheerful as usual during the day, and at tea time sat at the table wltb the rest of the lamily, seemingly in good spirits. An hoar later she was missed, ana It was at first supposed that she bad gone out to call on some of the neigh bors ; but as she did not retain as soon as was expected, inquiries were made and It was ascertained that no one could be found who had seen her. Tbc alarm spread rapidly, and at length nearly the whole population of the vicinity was aroused. It was ascertained that Miss Paige had worn neither shawl nor bonnet when sbe left home, and fears began to be entertained that she bad committed suicide. Chief of Police Sherman, heating of the af fair, joined iu the search. Officer Hughes,of the day force, wbo resides in tbc neighbor hood, hud been engaged in it almost from the first. The conclusion to which the search ers generally came was that the unfortunate young lady had. drowned herself In tho canal, ami they searched it carcfhlly between St. Pan! ‘Street and Alexander street bridges without finding any trace of her. At last, as a party of three were crossing the small bridge leading from St. Paul street t,o Crouch’s steam saw mill they found her crutches. They were lying on the bridge at the west end, and one ol them was broken. This seemed to settle the ques tion of suicide beyond a doubt. Coroner Robb was sent* for and commenced raking the canal to find the body. He was still em ployed in the melancholy work at midnight. This sad alTuir has thrown the family of "Mr. Paige Into the deepest mourning, and they have tbc sympathy of the whole neighbor hood in tneir distress. Lateh.— The dead body of Miss Paige was found about ouc o’clock, floating on the sur face of the water at the First Lock In Brigh ton—a mile from the place where the cratches were discovered. A tow club has bevn lormtd In Now York ca'l?d the JVil-yne Cluo. It has at present about thirty or forty members, many of them known to Came, and ihtlr monthly dinners are said to be very plcarant gatherings. Horace Greeley, George William Curtis, Bayard Taylor, Theodore Tilton, Alice and Fhccbe Carcy.Edmund Clarence Sled mak, George Ripley, and many of the rising young men, and several Uierary women of brilliancy and reputation, are either active ot honorary mem* here. - A PARAGUAYAN WAR. Details of the Repulse of the Allies at Fort Curupaity- Their Terrible loss of Life. Official Report, of tbe 'Terrible Hepnbe of tne Allied Army and Fleet on Sep* tember 22. IDE ABVT—BACOX POBTO'AEZQBB B USPOIIT. lesteiaay, at taif-past eleven a. m., after tbe squadron bad. with a heavy and well directed can nonade, ‘ombarded the fort and linos of fortifica tions of Cnrupalty from seven o'clock to that hour, aceprolfg to •or combination with Vice Admiral the viscondc de lamandarc, at the mo ment when the Iron-claea Brazil, Tamandare and Barros'* forced the Blockade nnder a very heavy fire from the enemy s batteiy, mo two columns of at-, tack and one of reserve of my command, which were awaiting this moment in convenient posi tions, received orders to advance, the left column directing Its attack on the extreme right of the enemy s entrenchment, where the battery of Cu iripalty 1b established, and the second column at the centre of the same entrenchment. At the same lime a column of Argentine Intaotry, havin'* in reserve another, advanced upon the extreme left. * ' The attack was vigorous, obliging the enemy to abandon his first line of entrenchments, which consisted ofa ditch ofnicefeet widih and seven feet depth, with - a corresponding parapet, garnished with field artillery, which reared. Having tranepassed ibis first obstacle under a shower of grape, which was thrown from a great number of sixty-eight and ihirty-two pounders. It was imnosstblc to attain the centre of the second : line ol defence, which consisted of high parapets, with a ditch of eighteen feet width and fifteen feet depth, at whose ends they had raised the ground, sndcouslrucled on (hem two strong block booses, bristling, lUe all tne rest of the line, with heavy artillery, an overflowed bottom, rendered Insuperable by abaltlses placed in them, pouting between tbe two entrenchments. lu presence, then, of so many and such power ful obstacles, it was impossible to carry by assault so strong a posi lon, In which the enemy had con centrated tbe greater part oi his forces. Even so, according to the In formation I have, more than fqitv brave men penetrated Into the for: of Cura palty and got possession of four piece? of cannon, hut who, as was to be expected, were victims to their patriotic daring. As soon as 1 have knowledge of their names, which 1 am undertaking to asscrtaln, 1 will send them to yonr Excellency, that not only these hnt other acts of true abnegation may not remain without recompense. The Argentine column encountering the same insuperable difficulties In Its attack, notwithstand ing the gallantry with which It advanced, in ac cord with General hlltre 1 ordered a retrea*, which was effected In good order, carrying In not only our wounded hut also oar dead, jvithont a single one of the enemy daring to go oat of nls line to give us a sho', although his artillery fire ceased only at half past three, when the forces covering our retreat were out of range. Many and much felt arc'he losses occasioned by this frustrated ittemp', as yoar Excellency will sec by the nominal relation at the officers and r'tvme of the dead, wounded and tralsed, which I have the honor oi adjoining. According to a note shown to me by General : Mitre the Argentine army bad more than 1,500 i hott de combat, among them many aanerior officers. As soon as possible I will give yonr Excellency a detailed report of all the occurrences during tbe assault of the Slid of this mouth. Baron de Pobto-Alegub. Cenezr, September 24, 1806. secjsd coups or the abut against paraquat. . Officers. Privates. Killed st 341 Wounded 119 1,261 Contused 46 oi ™«' 201 1,029 The tonifications of Curnpaity were mounted with filiy-six pieces of cannon and defended by fourteen bfl'ialious; the attacking forces com* prised eighteen thousand men. half Brazilian. half Argentine. the kavt—axuhhal tamandaue’s heport. , 4 Crnuzc, September 21. At seven a. m. the Iron-clads Bahia and Lima Barros steamed up in sight ot the Fort ot Compa ny and opened urc, while the iron-clads Brazil, Barroso aud Tamandare, throe wooden vessels, two bomb vessels and three armed Hals bombard cd the works from a position unexposed to the enemy's direct fire. At eight the enemy was keeping up a heavy artiUeiy fire upon the marching columns of the army. At midday the stockade was forced by the iron* clads Brazil, Barroso and Tamandare, which f laced themselves In a position to throw grape on be enemy’s battery, while the iron-clad? Lima Barros and Babu and the Parnahyba, Beberibe and llage, placed obliquely to It, tried to dismount his cannon, compo-ed of six sixty-eight pounders and some tbirty-twos. rsl then ordered all the Arc to converge on the fort, os the stormeis were already advancing and the artillery and musketry fires were general along all the entrenchments. At three the tieavy fire of Paraguayan artillery continued, and the allied ar my bad not yet obtained any advantage. Generals Mitre and Porto-Allegre then resolved to effect the retreat of the two armies to their positions at Curuzu. The lort of Curupjity directed its fire on the ships at the side of Iho Oran Chaco from midday, aud principally on tho Iron-clads Brazil and Tamandare, which Lad the starboard plating seriously damaged. Some plates were broken, many bolts started, and ibe backlog ot wood on the same side ol their casemates gravely shaken. Two sixty-eight pounders were dismounted on the Brazil, and a great number of balls entered the ports in their casemates, causing the damage and wounds stated ih the included reports: B’ a zil. seven wounded; Tamandare, one killed and tour vvbundod; i-inm Barros, two wounded; Ba hia. two wounded; Barroso, three wounded. The other iron-cluds bad no damages worth considera tion. In the condition of these ships after the retiring of tbe armyjhe position occupied by them above the stockade was very difficult to maintain, there fore 1 ordered the squadron to retire in order to the positions occupied previously. Three sixty eicht pounders in tho battery of Curopalty were dismounted by the squadron. Tbe gunboat Par nabyba received two balls and some grape, but had no damages of importance. Tbe fire of the Sixteenth battalion, embarked in the squadron, whom I bad ordered to the Gran Chaco, caused some loss of the Paraguayan ar tillerists. The eqaaaron had twenty-one men hor* de combat and some slightly wounded. Among these last was Ciptain ERziario Antonio dos Santos, commanding tbc Bccuna Bivision. The ships at tbe Paraguay side received some grape aud musketry and some cannon balls thrown by the enemy by elevation, but suffered no damage. They bad only tbe wounded men tioned m tbc report. epitome of nxpoirrs of iuon-clads engaged. The Brazil took position to fire witn her star* hoard battery with crape aud gome shell. The enemy pertinaciously kept up a fire, at Aral from two sixty-eight pounders, afterwards with one traversing sixty-eight, aimed so well as to fre quently throw irs shot Into tnc portholes, and dia ablli'C one of her sixty-eight*, by breaking a trnnmon and its carriage, and also the carriage of the adjoining piece. At two p. in. received or ders to ceaso lire, bnt while the men were aolng into the hold from the casement a shot entered a port, breaking the trunnion and striking the helm shattering, and wounded seven men. Many other men were slightly hurt by the In numerable small fragments which fell within the casemate, aud I may say that not a single person or thing was untouched by them. The part of the starboard aide of the casement comprehended between the stemmost port and the third is all started, and, according to the opin ion of the first engineer, could not resist similar battering again without giving way. Five of the seven then wounded were hurt by fragments of iron. Nino shots struck around the stemmost port, porting the first plate below, penetrating two and one-half inches, and driving In the plates bait on inch. Eleven struck around toe second port, driving the plates Inwards, starting the cor ners and the iron lining inside between the first and third ports, penetrating three and a half and one and a quarter inches and parting one of the plates into three pieces. Six round the third port, penetrating one and one and a half Inches, driving aplale a balfinch upwards and starting all thereat. Occ struck to the rear of the gangway port, on the first plate above the water Hoc, entering one and a half inches, parting it and driving ulna half Inch. One forward of the gangway port on the first plate of the water line, entering one and a half inches, parting the plate aud driving it in a half Inch. One. on another first plate, penetrating a half inch,, and driving the plate in one and a half inches. One at the water-line, penetrating one inch and driving in the plate three-eighths inch. Sixteen others struck in various places other than the plating, one of which cat up the deck over the casemate, traversing ten planks and entering as tar as the lining plate, which It started. Seven half shutters were destroyed and seven more damaged. The Brazil was about tour hours close to the battery, forcing the stockade a Hitlo after noon. The Bar rosy forced the Blockage immediately after the Brazil, and anchored above her. between one and two cables' length of the fort, remaining until twenty minutes past four p. m. Of the shot that struck the casemate two made depressions of two Inches depth la the pistes struck, and drove them in one and seven-eighths and two and onc-etghih Inches; another at the waterline entered one andore-haiftnch, and drove the plate In half an inch; two above the portholes; one on stemmost starboard comer, making an ir regular dent. Another struck the natch over the engine room forward of ihc casement, parted the grating and wounded two firemen severely with splinters: three the chimney, and six the deck. Besides the two firemen two other men were slightly wounded. Two kinds of shot came on board; one spherical sixty-eight, the other resem bling the Minesslnger pattern, with steel points and six spiral flanges. This, however, was no ticed by the commander to have a motion like a double-headed shot, and to strike sometimes with the point and sometimes with ibe rear, as was also recognized in the appearance of the indentations made. The Tamandarc also forced tbc stockade, but her report Is not yet published. She bad the star board side of the caasmate severely battered and started. Sbo had one killed aud four wounded. The Lima Bairos and Bahia remained below the Blockade. The former had the iron column tap porting the captain’s casemate broken and Its thick wooden top traversed, splinters wounding the captain slightly. Four shots struck the side, three ibe tower, one traversed the engine room grstlnr, and others did damage in other parts, she fired one hundred and five smooth shots and twenty-five shells. Beside* the captain, a seaman was wounded severely iu the arm. The Bahia dismounted one and disabled another of the enemy's sixty eight pounders. She was struck by nineteen sixty-eight pound shots—eisht .on the sides, three, on the lurrett, four on its cov ering, three in the slack, and one on Ihc capstan. She had three men slightly wounded—one inside the tower by a splinter from a boll which grooved above the right gun. The apparatus fixed to the Tamandare by Mr. Tombs tor preventing the explosion of torpedoes, there bad been no opportunity to try. The Ad miral does not approve of nets in so wide a river as the Paraguay, which is there seven hundred yards wide, and besides the danger of breaking and entangling in the acre «r» of the vessels, they are required to be fastened 1 a the hank which was in possession of the enemy. Ke preferred keep ing boats oat to orag the torpedojs away. Twenty were thus prevented from exploding near the ves sels. THE BECKXT ALLLINCX—BZVLT TO TXZ2 BOUVXAS MrxiprnT or Fonnos ArrAras, I 'Bczsos Athxs, August 13,15C6. f To bis Excellency the Minister of Foreign Atuira of the Hepabllc ot Bolivia; Bxciu.ruct—l bare tbe honor of replying to your note dated on tbe Cth of last Jmy, which came to bond yesterday, the ITtb mat. Tbe Argentine Government was surprised bj the contents of said note, and is convinced that the Government of Bolivia will costly recognize the little loundation it bad for Its alarm and con* sequent proceeding. As tbe treaty of allfhncc between tbe Argentine, Brazilian and Oriental Governments against that of Paraguay is secret, tbc Argentine Government canrot enter into any discussion or consideration ot its provisions, nor make any revelation with regard to lls content.*. Nor can tbs Bolivian Government appeal to said treaty, nor to any pub lication concerning tbis .subject as It stands at present, to support tbe Idea toat friendly govern ment!* arc engaged in plotting to despoil the Re public of ZMKIa of any territory that belongs to it, under tbe plea of tbelr war with Paraguay. Such a suspicion becomes tne more un justifiable and inexplicable from tbc fact that the Argentine Government signed a treaty of amity, commerce, navigation and boundaries with the representative of Bolivia, on tbe 3d day of llav. 16CS— that is, ou tbe day following toe sign ing'of the alliance—and ihe Argentine Congress ba- authorized its ratification. In the twontlith article said treatys.ipnlates that “the boundanes betwet n t r c Argentine Republic and Bolivia shall bo fei'lcd by special treaty between tbe two Gov ernments after a commission, to be appointed by both parties, shall have examined the respective tines, madetbe necessary surveys and presented tho plan or plans of ihe boundary line. Both Gov ernments shall take the necessary steps to bare ibis stipulation canted out. In tbe meantime, possession shall give no right to territory wtuen shall rot have belonged originally to one or the °‘i*! C the S ratidcations of arid treaty hare not as yet been * xchangod tho reason is trat the Ilolivisa Charge requeflvd an extension of time, as fPPfjV'? from the protocol annexed. Bat in order that the Government of Bolivia .may be com laced of m error 1 annex hereto copies »f the n 0 £ 5 at the tir.tecf Mgniug the treaty of IU tw,-cn the pleninotcnuirics oflho Cover- raentof His Maiesty the Emperor of cntal Jtcpi.blic of Crngaav, by which nUed, as they were bound to do, the right* nmea Ore lb nubile of Bolivia has to me tern ory Ivtog on tbe right bank ot the Paraguay. Tbe treaty ot all. an co could have no reference whatever ton Sneethm ol boundaries between the Anrentine epnbllcand Borivb. nor between the latter and tpo Empire of Brazil. 1 hare no doubt that these explanations will give entire eat! £ac- Uo P.v to Government of Bolivia, and that said Government will recognize therein an additional proof of the respect which the Ar gentine hepnblic baa for the rights of others especially when the Hepnblic of Bolivia Is con cerned : for to It she is bound b; lies of the most fra ernal simpaihy. and with Its valuable co-ope ration she hopes to be able to establish and settle Ibe peace and prosperity of both people- upon a more solid basis. Xicccc lam pie Bed to rcicer alc toyqiir Excellency the assurance ol my high and distinguished consideration. Hcrxao DU F.I.X7ALDB. The following U one of three notes ex changed between the plenipotentiaries who sigm d the triple treaty. All these are word ed alike, excepting In the address : _ _ „ Bubhob Amts, May 1, 18G6. To HU Excellency, the UlaUter Plenipotentiary of H. if. the Emperor of Brazil, Don Francisco Octamnode Almeida Rosa: In tbe conferences which preceded the adoption of article seventeen of the treaty ol alliance which i sinned this day with your Excellency and Don ratios de Castro, PlenipotcnUarv of the Oriental uspnblic of Uruguay, It was understood by tne three plenipotentiaries to he the intention oi their respective Governments that said article should DO* he prejudicial to any claim which Bolivia might make tp any territory on the right bank of the Paraguay, and that it referred solely to the questions raised by the Hepnblic of Paraguay. I take occasion to renew to j our Excellency my assurances of the highest consideration and es teem. Rurmo db Huzaldb. The Chilian press, in commenting upon the reply of Senor de Elizaldc, unvail more of the hypocrisy of the allies In this scheme of spoliation, and leave no room for doubt as to the ulterior intentions of Brazil, Bue nos Ayres and Uruguay in their war against Paraguay. ARKANSAS. Message of Governor Murpliy. Finances of tbe State—Education—Tlic Civil Bights Bill and Constitutional Amendment—'lbe IXallroad System of tbe State. The message of the Governor of Arkansas to the General Assembly has been received. It is a somewhat lengthy document, but contains some points of interest which we present below. After rehearsing the history of the State Government and Us organiza tion the Governor alludes to FINANCES, and says; “The State Is in a thorourl ly organized rendi tion. The treasury is able to meet all cmrent ue Bvihe report of tbe Anoitor, ii appears that, after icily meeting current expenses, there was on the I’Otb day ox September tast, Ihe enm ol $153,540.57 in the treasury, subject to tne cur rent expenditure o* the Government.” REFORMS NEEDED. A land department, charged with the con trol of the State lands and with power to enforce collections; changes in the law In relation to the assessment and collection of revenue, so as to produce equality of taxa tion and uniformity in collection in the va rious counties; and the reduction of the rate of taxation as much as can be done with safe ty to the State, arc recommended. EDUCATION, In regard to education, the message says “>o Stale In the Union present behind Ar kansas in edncatioual provision, and never, in the history ot the State, hare he people indicated a stronger desire for the establishment of a taor onch system ot common school education at the pumlc expense. The people are beginning to feel that ignorance Is a crime, deeply injurious to the peace and happiness of society, lor which not only parents, but the Government also, arc responsi ble. • • • •••*•• “To ihe intelligence and patriotism of the Lcg islamre, 1 tespectfilly reier this urgent and im portant subject; trusting that measures may he adopted to inaugurate a system ot public schools, that will place our Slate on an equality with Blher States in educational faculties." Tfie Governor urges prompt action in secur ing the advantages of the Congressional Agri cultural Laud Grant, and then passes to im migration, in reference to which he deplores the poverty of the'State and recommends the adoption of measures to induce the invest ment of capital and the development of the resources of the State. TUB CIVIL RIGHTS RILL. On Ibis subject the message says: “The Congress baa enacted a law,called the Civil Rights bill, which is designed to give equal ity ol rights and equality of protection to all citi zens of ibe United States, should States fail to do so. In a State where citizens are all freemen, and so recognized by its fundamental law, such prin ciples most, of necessity, prevail, but otherwise, if rlaverr or peonage was recognized as existing. But as neither slavery, nor any fotmof slavery. Is recognized by the Constitution of the United States, or of this Slate, 1 respectfully recommend that the Legislature take into consideration the propriety cf con forming the laws of the Stale to the principles contained in the Civil Rights Bill, and tncreby re lieve the citizen from depending on tbo United States comts for the enforcement of bis righ a, secured to him by tbe laws of the United States, but withheld, or attempted to be withheld, by State laws, bnch cause of conflict between tbe courts of the State and of the United States should be avoided. Though laws passed by tbe Con gress, in accordance with tbe C .institution of the United States, overrule State Conslilntioos and laws, and State coarts are bound so (o decide, yet, as this is not well understood by the body or our citizens, it seems advisable that the laws of the State should be conformed, at once, to tbe changed condition of tbe social and domestic pol ity of the amended Constitution, and thus prevent litigation and unprofitable contention.'’ THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT. The Governor recites the full test of the Constitutional Amendment, and thus places it before the Assembly: “This is the Congressional scheme of reconstruc tion, and has been made the leading issue in the late elections, and sustained by large majorities. Though not all the insurgent Slates could desire, it becomes a very grave question for the Legisla ture to decide tent Uttr any terms more favorable crej/kely to be obtained by opposition, or whether it is not the better policy for the State to accept the proposed terms, and thus secure the prompt reconstruction of the State into harmonious ac tion with the governing States, aud on on equality with them in the Union. "Judyinn from (he resvlts of the late elections, and from the decided tone of public sentiment In the States that snbduca the insurrection, it tc not probail - that better terms trill be granUd. The ef fect of rejection on the prosperity and happiness of the ucople of the State, demands solemn con sideration.” RAILROADS. The Directors of the Mississippi, Ouachita & Bed River Road arc rapidly developing that communication. Tho Congressional grant to the Cairo & Faltoa Road was en larged to an aggregate of 1,926,400 acres In Jnly, ISO 6. The President of the Board states that work will he commenced on the line during the ensuing winter —at snch points os may be decided on—and that the interrupted connections toward Cairo and Texas wijl soon be renewed; that the road is urprogress in two directions, afford ing connections with Galveston, on the Golf, and El Faso, in Mexico. He also states that, the land grant being on the same favorable terms to the hrancbcs*to Fort Smith and Memphis, and also the Missouri portion of the line, will insure their rapid completion. The connections of these roads with the Iron Mountain Road, the Illinois Central at Cairo, with the Memphis & Charleston Road at Memphis, and with the Neosho Valley Road at or near Fort Smith, will afford outlets for all the productions of the State. The east ern end of the Little Rock & Memphis,(the Northwestern Border Road, from Cassville, Mo., to Van Boren, on the Arkansas River, the Fine Bluff & Napoleon, and the Iron Mountain & Helena Roads, are recommended to the care of the Legislature. The message closes with a statement of the condition of the Institution for the Blind and the Penitentiary, which are only local in interest. SUICIDE AT DAVENPORT. Death by Prussic Acid* . [From the Davenport Gazette, Nov. 51.1 Yesterday forenoon a well dressed man registered at the Putnam Honsc as H. S. Stcrnes, Westfield, Mass., and desired a room. Mr. Putnam assigned him one, and the stranger, after taking dinner and writing some letters in the hotel office, about three o’clock asked to he shown to the room. Nothing more was thought of tho matter until lost evening about 11 o’clock, when Mr. Putnam having occasion to go to the room, found tho door locked. Knocking and receiving no answer, he forced open the door, and diecbvcrcd,eittingina chairin the corner, tbc stranger, cold In death. Mr. Pntnam immediately called some of bis boarders. Upon examining the room, npon the wash stand the following notes were found: “Address of my wife: please send her my money to Mrs. Mary L. Sterncs, Westfield, Mass.” • “ Bock Iflixd Ausexal. * Dearest Wife: “J have at last concluded to bid you and the world good-bye. You know that I have talked about it lur years. Ere you get this 1 will have solved the mighty problem ofa hereafter. I have In mrposfesnon (#3,211)) two thousand two ban died dollars. 1 wui send by express to you. God bices and help you, Mary. •• My other things axe in the Arsenal. •* Yours forever, H. S. SrEnxxs. Upon the window sill was a two ounce bottle of prussic acid, half empty. Dr. Tomson, the Coroner, was at once sent for. He examined the body and found a memo randum book, some $3.50 in change and a scaled letterdlrected to the “Masonic Lodge, Davenport, lowa,” and a pass permitting H. S. Stemes to be absent from the Arsenal un til 4 o’clock p. m. In his military overcoat pocket was found a new Smith <fc Wesson sis shooter, loaded, and a fresh box of car tridges. No receipt or other evidence show ing that he had sent any money away (as mentioned in the letter to his wife) were found. A metallic case containing machine drawing?? was in his overcoat pocket, to gether with some envelopes and note paper, evidently lately purchased. The deceased was of medium stature withhlack moustache and goatee, appears to be about thirty-six years’ ot age, and from his papers was evi dentlv a man of some ability. Dr. Tomson took charge of the room, and an inquest will be held this morning at 10 o’clock. MELANCHOLY SUICIDE. A Young Woman i* Deserted by her Lover and Drowns Herself. [From the Milwaukee Sentinel.) On Friday last a young German woman named Maty Wahl, a'bont twenty-two years of age, who was employed by a family la the town of Lake as a servant, suddenly disap reared, and no trace could be lound other, t was supposed that she had gone home to her folks, who reside In .Washington County, but on Saturday a girl handeda note to her”employerwhich wos'as follows; “Jam mad and don’t want to live. I was sohappy last week butltciclrich says now he won’t make me his wife. Tell mother 1 was miserablc.and could not help it. Mart.” This note told the whole tale, and search was at oucc instituted for her one with no avail np to Saturday evening, when some mtn discovered a dress and crinoline lying on the banks of the Kinnlcklnnlck River.- The river was dragged and her body was found. She had tied several stones In her clothing to prevent bersell from rising to the surface. The poor unfortunate who has thus fallen a victim to the pcrfialy ot a lover, is said to have been a warmhearted, IntelUgentand In dustrious girl, always ready to help others in anything. Her life had necn nnexcep tlonoblc,and ahe had made many friends even in social circles higher than the one in which ehe belonged. Her body was taken to Washington County by a private conveyance, where It will be interred. THE FASHIONS. A Coup D’Etat in Silk Fabrics. Plain Silks Toted Out—Cut.of tlie New - material* The Patterns to be 'Woven at Lyons—Tasteful Trim mlngs—Hints About Skirts and How to cut Them—Winter Clotus and Paletots—Toilets for a Uotbscblid. Etc. [Correspoudeace of the New York Herald.l T _ . Paths, November 3, 1866. ?°5: e 5 nenc ® , of the great and wide spread distress felt among the Lyons silk weavers, it has been proposed In high quar ters that, in order to provide hnn ireds of unemployed workmen with labor, we are not to he admitted into any f^hionkbl C a7sem bly in plain silk robes. The richest brocade figured silk damask and brocatellcs are to be adopted at court. These rich silk fabrics do not carry us more than twenty years back but, the cut of these materials is to follow the styles favored under the Restoration and in the beginning of this century; when our grandmothers had to leant to be graceful in very narrow skirts. That they were so we may not doubt, on closing the ilemolra of the Duchess d’Abrantes, in wbicb,trom her description of some of the beauties under the First Empire, some hope can be derived wherewith to enliven the present state of all airs. Brocade is very heavv. I therefore suggest that your readers should enter into the spirit of the conclave formed by women of taste in Fans, and content themselves this winter with figured silk in preference to damasks. Bonqnets of flowers on appropri ate grounds will always be more tasteful and womanly than large spreading patterns. Should any pretty philanthropist consider it a duty to order in stiff silk cloth, let her cover her sofas anew or use it for window hangings, which expenditure will qniet her conscience, effectually relieve her purse, and do the Lyons weavers a world of good. ’ I have seen some of the new patterns , which arc to be manufactured on figured silks. The following are perfectly artistic: Trails of colored chrysanthemums on ll"ht brown ground, white and violet periwinkles on'light emerald green, snowdrops on porce lain blue, clusters of lilac on very dark green and many others. The lilly of the valley pattern on a long spear leal is lovely with mauve. There are also showers of miniature fprava all over black corded silk, and black being so fash u name, I think both economv ami style can be combined in one of the latter. It may be as well to remind your readers here that ar tists such as Gericault, Carabron and Thlerrv were silk designers at Lyons before they be came illustrious painters. The piece of sultana that was manufactured for the Empress last summer (pau.-ies on white ground), and of which a second piece was then ordered for nest year’s exhibition, is to be copied on the rich white gross grain for winter toilets at court. Nothing can be more tasteful than the figured ribbons which are to be used for trimmings, etc. I particu larly recommend the flower pattern for neckties andthc rich cactus on wide Tallica sashes. I hear of ladies at the Tnileries who, m fils of unbounded benevolence (not extra gance), arc bent on appearing next season at all the court festivities in unmeasurable lengths of the richest Lyons material. 1 nope your readers will be advised to prefer a sober display of ribbons, though thev can be of the richest, and It would be well if there could he some degree of unity In every lady’s choice. The flower adopted should also be In harmony with the wearer’s turn of mind, thus converting her into an animated violet, mignonette or heliotrope. The per fume on her laces should even be that of her favorite flower, and the head-dress of course in keeping with the rest. This may be thought iueal ; and called poetry. If it is so all is well. W e were so very prosaic in jockey attire that the change will perhaps be accept- IVhile walking down the Boulevards, a few days ago, I observed that our gored tilt- skirts over colored plisse petticoats are either graceful or much the contrary. There are ladies in Paris who will adopt every new fashion without any consideration as to age or proportion. A stout lodv, with a foot that may not be compared to anything aerial, should really not have her skirts so deeply indented, so painfully fiat os her elegant daughter, who trips on by her side with all the degage grace of eighteen summers. Then, again, though I always commend in dustry, here I noticed that'very handsome materials had been cut by amateur dress makers, without any notion of measure. If such mistakes as this occur in Paris, where the art of dress Is almost the only one In which French ladies are proficient, I have imagined that they may exist in New York, and have summed np the following Indica tions os fixed rules for short /ourreattx .* Every breadth should be cut aslant, even were the stuff but half a yard wide; the width round the bottom of an entirely flat skirt should only be ten centimetres wider than the top circumference. Ladies who* are no no longer quite yonng should wear their skirts flat In the front and on the sides, but allow two deep plaits to be made at the back and one or two little ones under each arm. In this case the bottom of a gored skirt should be filty centimetres wider than the top. The usual width of gored dresses not fourreaux is six metres and a half. The new winter tufted cloths have come out in all shades, though black is preferred for tbe prevailing paletot-sac. Tue Polar bear’s fleece will be much need for the morn ing wear, but the plush I described a few. weeks ago will be the richest materials for full dress. It Is often ribbed with velvet in the newest shades, which are called golden rain, pupfurioe, culn and peach glow. Cir culars of any ol these produce a most sump tuous effect. The three different (awn tints now so fash ionable have received somewhat singular denomlnat’ons, thus: The lightest lawn Is called “Bismark in a Bad Humor,” the sec ond, a degree darker, ‘‘Bismark Very Cross,” and darkest shade of all “Bismark Very Bad.” After this it would be as well to give up fawns, as there are so many other states men who never show tantrums. I may as well say that the newest fashionable witti cism which “court Its salons" la “j> me U de mande.” It will never be so popular as “Lambert,” but it means about as much. A lew splendid toilets have left Paris for Ferrlcres, which is the private property of the Baron J. dc Rothschild. Three days of unequalled pageantry arc to be held la bis princely chateau. The Venetian style of all the most elegant dresses was remarkable—slashed satins, Genoa velvets, Maltese lace, medisval jer kins, and either very tight or very wide Jewess sleeves. One ball dress I will de scribe from among a large number of short tarlatans, which are to be worn only by dancers, and fearfully long train robes, cov ered with ruche, embroidery, tulle, tufted chenille and mnrabont. The robe I admired the most was made of . straw-colored poult dc sole, but of the very lightest shade, almost, cream color. It was ent low, princess form and scolloped round the shoulders, tbe sleeves were mere bre tcllcs, the front one overlapping a scollop on the back. The front width was trimmed with embroidered vine and leaves in all the autumn tints, here and there a rich purple or green berry peeped sometimes from under a light green leaf; or lay over a cluster ol* darker ones. The fruit and leaves were work ed with colored floss silks. The same pat tern was continued behind round the train. The head dress to this was composed of frosted vine leaves, and the car rings were en amelled grapes: A lace under chemisette was the most nsefhl part of the body. The most approved style of hair dressingis “a martravx,” which means rolls of carls pinned np at the ends and placed in tapering rows, with gold cord or velvet ronleanx between. There is nothing new in “ toilettes de ttitle,” since my last; browns and bines continue to meet with universal favor, and while I am mentioning these serious shades I cannot re frain from saying that I know some who steeped In both the “browns” and “the blues.” DUELING. Interesting Correspondence Between General flXeogher and Captain BlahC) of montann. fFrom the Boston Transcript, November 16.] Manyofonr readers will remember Cap tain Henry N. Blake, of the Eleventh Massa chusetts Inlanlry, and his outspoken book, “Three Years in the Army of the Potomac.” This gentleman not long since went to the Territory of Montana, and is now the editor of the Montana Post, published in Virginia City. Thomas Francis Jleagher Is tho Terri torial Secretary, and Captain Blake felt him* self called npon to say something in his pro fessional character, about the conduct of that belligerent and irascible Irishman—who has sullied what fame he gained daring the war by commiting himself to the policy of Andrew Johnson and the Copperheads- Meagher evidently considered himself in sulted. got mad, and thought he could anni hilate the Captain. Hence the correspond ence which we give below. Captain Blake deserves the thanks of the editorial frater nity for the stand he has taken, and every right-mindedperaon-will endorse all he says ofthc barbarous method of settling misun derstandings between pseudo gentlemen: VniaunaCirr, M. T., October 19,1K6. To Captain Henry A. Blake: Sm: As 1 am given to understand, within the bet bait hoar, there haye been some falsifications ct. ciliated in regard to the interview which my friend. Daems, had with yon the other day rela tive to the scandalous aiticlc which you wrote and published against me in the Montana Jbst of -October 6, and in order that such falsifications maybe at once and completely refuted, my friend Mr. James K. Duke, in the temporary absence of Dr. Daems,now calls upon you to publish, io the next number of that paper, on ample apology, such as he will approve or; or declining to do that, to make immediate ammaemrats with him for affording mo that tatiaCaction. which, from jour recent association with gentlemen in mili tary life, it is. Z presume, entirely unnecessary for me to particularize. 1 hare the honor to be, sir. Your moat obedient servant, Thoxas Fuaxcts Meacusb. VmcisiA. Crrr, M. T., October 19,1SDG. To General Thomas F. Meagher: Dzah Sm:- Your strange letter of the same date herewith has been duly received. You as sume that 1 wrote and published tbc article to which you refer. I *nfer from your language that you consider that I have been guilty of circula ting the alleged falsifications in record to my In terview with Dr. Daems. 1 desire to inform you that Z cannot comply with any of the requests or demands which you have made. As the editor of the Mon'ana Pott, it is my right and duty to cilti-. dec tho official conduct of public men. I always set in pursuance of the most upright motives, and. If you are negligent In tho performance of your tasks as the Secretary of our Territory, you can not escape ecus ore. 1 may bo misinformed by the citizens concerning yourself, and Z am. not only ready, bat anxious, to rectify any mistake that Is published in tho columns which 1 super vise. If you will write any communication in which my errors are pointed out. it will bo- pub lished with pleasure, li you decline to adopt this method, the law and courts will afford you a com plete redress. 1 understand, without any explanations, your designs. 1 notify yon formally, as I stated to Dr. Daems privately, that Z reeard|a duellist asa mur derer : that the miscalled code of honor is a relic o; barbarism and ignorance; that it is contrary to the sprit of oar republican iastUutions, and that 1 could not stultify myself by attempting, to take the life of a mau against woom 1 have no feeling* of enmity. You have seen fit to send m» a challenge, although you knew that 1 could not and would not accept I|. lam astonished that one who fills a post of national Importance* and whose cbiot task Is the execution of the statutes, should try to Indio me to commit the capital of fence of murder. 1 shrink with awe at the dread ful possibility that Z should ever bo compelled to shea the blood of any individual. YonaHodoto my military lift. Daring my term of service In the Bereath Eegflmtart Masaa cLmctts vohtsteere, Inem witnessed or heard of any duel In our glorious army. I will not dis grace my record. Too may publish me as a cow ard, but my scars, of which this inclement storm reminds me, will proclaim that the charge is r«i. ?i Two warren is and three commissions, which were received by me during the late rebellion, for my service is twenty-one battles and wfll completely refute the statement. In conclusion, 1 win assert that your letter «M corona. do cot Intimidate me In any degree. occupy my post as editor, your official a«s will be examined, and I shall have no hesita tion in expressing my views regarding them. 1 am, very respectful]?. IXJEOPEAH HEWS. SCANDINAVIA. A Political and OHUtary Alliance Be tween tbe Two Scandinavian King doms Proposed. It is well known that thj fifth article of the treaty of Prague provides for the retro cession of North Schleswig to Denmark If the people of that district should freely ex press their wbh to that effect. As Prussia shows no inclination to fulfil this article of the treaty of peace, there is some anxiety manifested, not only in Denmark, bat also in Sweden. The Ikigbiadet, of Copenhagen, £aya about it; *Tlre prompt and satisfactory solution of this affair la for Denmark a vital question, it not only involves the liberation 0f300.000 ?’ “-’so the application of the princl- E!« ®{’ n^ tlon aßty. We raise our voice that It ™^c he . ar w bj oth , cr nations, who, itrthe name of justice and of their sympathies, claim that separation should he accorded to Denmark, but who ignore what is transpir- Referring to this same subject, the official gPer at Stockholm, Sweden, the AflonblaJet “The solution of the Scandinavian ques tion can only be this: Retrocession bv Pros sia to Kenmark of North Schleswig; Political and military confederation of tbe three northern Dlngdoms, (Sweden, Norway and Denmark), that Is. a- common svstem of foreign policy and home defence, 'with the maintenance of the existing dynasties. And finally, a good understanding- with North Germany to the end of reciprocal protection against Russia.” French Semi-Official View of the Allo- cution. [From the Journal des Debits of November G.] The event of the day Is the Pontifical Al locution upon the affairs of Italy, or, rather the affairs in the whole of Europe. Since the encyclical and the Syllabus, the Court of Rome has not pronounced words so direfully significant. \N e believe that this Allocution will receive grcaterimportance and will pro duce worse effects than the doenments above mentioned. The dctcadere of the Syllabus could say that It was a mere doctrinal and abstract exposition, which aid not demand a rigorous and immediate application to the events of the present time.; but such lan guage Is not applicable to-day. This last Allocution is a summons to Italy, and, in ellcct, to aU the Catholic Powers to put in practice the principles of the Syllabus principles purely speculative. Spain** Offer to the Pope* [Paris (November 3> Correspondence of its Lon- don Times."] lam assured that the offer reallv made by Qoeen Isabella to the Pope. In the event of h!s being forced to quit Rome, is not the placing under his temporal sovereignty a province of Spain, which she has no po*er to alienate, but simply a residence in the city of Grenada; and that the Spanish ves sels at Clvita Vecchia are placed at his dis posal in ease of such emergenev. It would be curious to see the ancieut capital of the Moorish kingdom in Spain become the seat of papacy/ The Bcported. Attempt on tho Life of the Emperor. (Vienna (November S) correspondence of the London Timed.] lut little is now said of the attentat report ed to have been made on the Emperor while at Prague, as there is some reason to believe that Mr. Palmer deceived himself when he fancied he saw the tailor, Anthonv Post, level a pistol at his Majesty as he was setting into his carriage. The ultra Czech papers profess to think that Palmer, *• having an ungovern able passion for notoriety,” has made a false charge against Post. The gunpowder and caps which were found are of Belgian manu facture, and the pistol is a mere tov, which could not have cost more than three or four shillings. The gentlemen who picked up the pistol have sworn that it was lying on the opposite side of the imperial carriage to that on which Pust was standing when he was seized by Palmer. As to the latter, he has declared that he is una ble positively to swear that Pust had a pis tol in his hand when he held out his arm toward the Emperor. The defendant is still under examination, and be is likelv to re main so for some time to come, as the Aus trian judges are decidedly slow. It h said that the principal person concerned docs not believe Pust had any intention to make an attempt on his lite, and that he expressed himself to that effect before he left Prague. [Prague Correspondence of the Vienna Valer- land.] The great subject of conversation of the moment is naturally the incident at the the atre on the evening of the 27th of October. There are still doubts as to whether the man arrested really meant to take the life of the Emperor. The individual was Interrogated on the following day, and a criminal prose cution is being prepared. Of course nothing has yet been made public as to the result so far obtained by the inquiry, but, as we have remarked, the doubts as to the importance of the event tend rather to increase than to diminish, lathe first place, some information should he obtained re specting the English Captain Palmer who struck down the hand of the pretended criminal, and an opinion is becoming more and more general that the whole aiTair was a plan carefully combined by this English man to produce a sensation. There Is “more reason lor that supposition that the tailor Antony Pust has hitherto borne an Irre proachable character, and his antecedents do not authorize the belief that he was capable of such an act. I mast remark that at the Police Office Pust denied all participation jn the crime. Captain Palmer cannot, besides, swear that the object the accused held in his hand was really a pistol, and the more so that the arm, which by tbc way is a very bad one, was only found on the spot an hour later. saxvnt. The Brea kins Op of Little German Court*—Hard Lot of Kins John oT Saxony. [From the London Times, November 7.] Vfe understand that Her Majesty’s Govern ment have determined to withdraw their di plomatic representative from the Court of Saxony, and to break up the establishment of the British Legation at Dresden. The in corporation of the Saxon Kingdom in the ' Prussian Monarchy is thus recognized, and one more independent State vanishes from the map of Europe. Continental changes do not brighten the prospects of beginners In the diplomatic service; tbc pleasantest residences arc rapidly falling from the rank of capitals. Dresden, Hanover and-Frank fort, In Germany; Sanies and, first, Flor ence, next Turin, In Italy, have been ab sorbed ; and we look upon Munich and Stntt gard as extremely precarious. The tendency is to the formation of great monarchies and to the disappointment of attaches. A cruel lot is that of King John of Saxony; so hard a Cite that by its side that of King George of Hanover would seem every way more endurable. ‘That both of those two v sovereigns staked their all on a game which 1 they knew was extremely hazardous, is a fact that admits of no doubt. They gave In to the vain delusions of their scheming coun sellor, Baron Von Bcust; they stood up for the people, for the Bund, for the minor States, for Schleswig-Holstein: they were the first to take the field against Denmark, and dug for their royal Danish brother the pit that was so soon to yawn for themselves. When Austria and Pnissia, after pushing them aside, came back with the Dane’s heri tage, and quarrelled about the division of the spoils, the choice of jealous royalty was, as it had ever been, for the least German of the two rival powers; for on the one side was Prussia, and with its com pact strength a national cry and unionist tendencies; on the other was Austria, a motley empire, with discord ant elements, with conflicting interests, hard pressed on4he Mincio, distracted on the Dan ube, with her hands full on all sides, capa ble of a great effort, bat unfit for long-con tinued, deliberate action. There was hardly a choice for the Kinglets.. They cast in their lot with Austria, and perished with her. In deed, had they taken the other side, the ulti mate result could hardly have been long de ferred. There was no room in Germany for Prussia and them, for Prussia meant Germa ny, it meant empire, it meant supreme ' f tower —a power which could not be establ ished without sinking all rival powers to their former vassalage. It is early, perhaps, to decide on what ground the edifice of Ger man nationality is to bp reconstructed. Prussia has hitherto barely laid the- founds- * lion of the renovated empire. The name of Saxony, Its dynasty, its territorial demar cation, are suffered to remain; bat foreign diplomacy knows it no more. Some of tne stateliest mansions of Dresden are left nn tenanted; the shine is taken off its Coart dresses; some of the brightest stars lade from the galaxy of the opera. The club, the terrace, the gardens, miss some of their most distinguished loungers. Dresden’s great at tractions are there still; the unmatched Picture Gallery ; the unique Holbein ; loveliest Raphael; but. alas! who cares for the entree to a mediatized Court ? for balls and receptions for which no legation any longer give cards? Yet, who knows ? Three years ago Florence was equally despaired of;. Grand-Ducal sunshine had departed from the PittiPalace; grass was ready to grow at Santa Trinlta; the destinies of Germany are not yet accomplished; the vanquished land often subdues her conqueror; Dresden was always called the Florence of Germany; and Berlin as a residence hardly boasts as'great charms as forsaken'Tuiin. Plagiarism. A charge of plagiarism, says -Galignaniy brought against M. Louis Jonrdao, of tho SiceUy by M. GaHlardeb, is causing some ex citement in the world of letters. JI. Gaillar det, published, some years back, a work en titled La Chevaliere <P\Eon, and recently, on his retom from America, found that during his absence a boot called the Hermaphrodite had appeared, bearing the name of M. Louis Jourdan on the title page.but which consisted of about 200 pages copied almost textually fromM. GaUlardet’s work- The real author caused the spurious Imitation to be seized at against Jourdan for piracy. A person named Dcbrigcs now comes forward, declaring that M. Jourdan is quite Innocent of tho plagiarism charged against him, and assuming the whole responsibility ot it. M- Debriges states that he nimself bad compiled the second work, believing that the copyright of M. Gaiilar det’s hook bad expired, and that he was not in anv way compromising tie interests of the latter. M. Louis Jourdan, who was quite ig norant of the similarity between the two works, had simply lent'hls name to the ifrr htaphrodilc to render a service to M. Do brlges. who, being quite unknown, would not otherwise have been able to find a pub lisher. Prince Erne.*t 111., of Uenbmg-Birstefcix baa joat "* died at the a 2O or slsly-cLgbL Do U succeeded, by bis nephew, who married as A?sl»4bobqM oC Anaida, Princess of Tnacaay, m *0