Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, November 25, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated November 25, 1866 Page 2
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(Elficago tribune. DAILY, TKI-WEEKLY AYD WEEKLY. OFFICE. Ko. 91 CLA.BK-ST. There are three editions of the Texbtc* Issued. Ist. Ktctt moraine. for clrcaUUoa by carriers, newsmen mo the malls. td. Tho Tm-Wno-T, ilondsys. Wed ttedays and Fridays, for the mails only; and the WcisiT. on Tbnrvdavm, far the malls and sale at oar coantcr and by newsmen. Term* el the Cble«»o Trlbwae* puily delivered la the rtty <r« *££teV)V.V. 3.93 Dallr, to mall subscribers (par ltß.oo I t In advance) • • ■"V'lVi n ’*.lr»n«) o.UO Trl-VTcciily.ipcr » or f.f• *-•* Wectly. (per wm « rate*. flre er m 0« tr renon. or vrcetiy editions. uTv7eU'uSy?^ oftt «*'^ rivUoa Price aa a ccirotßloß. „._ia ordering the address ot .Sonrxw prevent delay, be i«e your P»P B J , .^S% au take-Weekir* Trt-WeeWy, specify wba. pxkstst and future address. ° r^2‘o"‘S: . bv'wJu Express. Woacy order*, or la r edTlcrcd better*. m»y be «nt at our list. Address. ' ' TUIBUNE CO., Chlcaio, lit. Sl-XDAT, A'OVEMBEB 35, ISO). an ILLINOIS STEAMBOAT CANAL. Ttc importance of the enlargement of the niii:;,is and Michigan Canal has been dis cur-jul s*o long and so thoroughly that there U hut one opinion among the people of Ila ru.is upon the subject. The necessity ot the rank has, however, been brought to their knowledge bv costly experience. The canal .v- it stands is of hut comparatively small vdluc to the public as a means of transporta tion. The only available means of transpor tation in Illinois arc the railroads, and of there are now no competing lines. The producers have therefore to-subralt to whatever extortionate tariff of freights that may be demanded. The rail road combinations arc complete, and there i- uo riiief. It is the same In all parts of the State; the roads running north and south, cast and west, have a monopoly of the busi ness, and arc dictators as to rates of freight. A steamboat canal connecting lake Michigan uud Cairo by way of the Illinois and Missis sippi rivers, and the Illinois River at La skilh* with the Upper Mississippi at Rock 1-land, while it would furnish additional &- eilities of transportation would have the cTocl of fcrving as a wholesome regulator m>on railroad freights- Had we that canal now in operation, the existing extortion of w hich there is so much complaint would not exist. It i- proposed to deepen and widen the I ilhiois and Michigan Canal to LaSalle, with T.rot'tr turn outs, so as to admit of the pas .fir.-l-vloss steamboats such as now lia.i.ii'f the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. From l.a?alle to the Mississippi the neces sary locks and dams esn be placed on the I-liaoi- River so as to secure a navigation of that river at ail times. This canal will he open from April to December, or elgh' months in every year. It would supply a -ife and reliable and cheap meins of transportation for the entire crop of, il-e whole region drained by the canal, shippers to ‘ Cairo or further south | cuu de|v railroad exactions by sending their I products dhcct from any point on the canal 1 In- water, without breaking hulk or requi lint: extra bundling. Steamers from Pitts l.t-i-h with iron or other freights, can 1 -lug that freight to Chicago and all inter mediate points, at rates that would be aston nbing compared, with the railroad tariffs of the present day. This work can all be done (bra sum less than twelve millions of dollars; that !■> to - iv the canal to the Mississippi River, and the feeder for £4,500,000, and the enlarge m-ut of the Illinois and Michigan Canal and ' inprovement of the Illinois River for i $7,000,000. How is this sum I cf money to be raised? The I Constitution provides that the State shall | contract no debt exceeding £-70,000, without j submitting the law creating that debt to the i people to be voted upon at the next general election. To provide in that way for the means to construct these works is to post pone any action until after the election in November, ISGB. But there la another, abet ter, a more expeditious way; and that is the assessment and collection of a tax of two mills annually upon the taxable property of the Stale, the proceeds of this tax to be ap plied exclusively to this work. Had the biatccf Illinois, as ell other States have, a Beard for the equalization of taxes, our sys tem ofrevenne would be much more complete. Counties that now escape with light taxa tion, and counties where the valuation is ex cretive would then share In proper propor tions the taxation of the State. In round numbers the taxahlcs of Illinois, undcra fair ‘•vsU-ra of valuation would reach £500,0»,000, and a two-mill tax would produce annually one million of dollars. The Legis lature can Impose thia tax and appropriate the proceeds first for the enlargement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal and improvement of the Illinois River; and secondly, for the construction of the canal to the Mississippi River The work would actually be one fourth completed under this process, before 1 under the borrowing system, the preliminary - j Nation could be approved by the people •»ViU this tax be oppressive ? IVc think not, and think that on the contrary it will be mr.re than returned to the people. The con —of these canals will open at once a » comiKlilicnJvlththe railroads. In Ohio they i • have two canals Cfshallow depth and narrow Tv;d‘h ; these run fromthe northern to the southern parts of the State. The Legislature of Ohio baa been importuned for years to sell £S «£3.t«thc railroads. The Stale has uals without charge, on condition that they should be kept in repair, and that the tolls shall never exceed , rate established by the State. Small and iuhl-uiflcam as these canals arc compared to those proposed to be built In this State, they have served as a regulator of freight tariffs on me rail of the Ohio roads. The latter arc enable to raise their rates os long as the canals are open to the public, and the consc oucncc is, that there is no complain! In that <;nte of extortion bvjlhoee roads with which ihe canals can in any way compete. SUppera have a choice of routes on one ~f -vhich the law f-ves the tolls, and , ooM-qucotly, the other routes hare to make tbolr tariff reasonable. As in Ohio, so will it bo in Illinois, but upon a larger scale. A man who now produces one thousand dol lars worth of grain or other article xbat 1- to be shipped, pays thereon a bounty to the railroads in the way of excessive charges of not less th-n fifteen or twenty per cent, more than he would have to pay If lb*- canals were in operation. Let these producers ngure out how long it will take for them to pay to the railroads in the way of excessive freight a sum equal to build these canals. The counties which lie on the liue of these canals will not be the • nly ones benefited. No railroad running ill the fame acucral direction of these canals .•■.til succet.-fully compete with them as long u< it demands an oppressive rate for freights. Water w ill seek Us level. Freights will seek that means of transportation which is the cheapest, and the produce of the Stale will inevitably find Its way to the cauak whenever transportation on that rai al i- cheaper than by rail. The moment tb<..-o eauai? are in operation, and as long as thev remain the property ofthc State, and the rates of toll arc regulated by law, the IdMVaUlO'LUJwiJwi universal complaint from all parts of the Slate, will be broken up. "With these canals in operation, the man atDunlellh can ship to Chicago or to Cairo, by rail or by water, a*, may bo the cheapest. The man at Daven port or Clinton can do the same. He can then expect to be treated civilly when, he asks for transportation, and If the price by one route docs no tuit him. he can take tho other. The man at Peoria, Dixon, Dunlcith, Rock Island, or Chicago, who wishes to send merchandise to PUt.burgh, or to have It brought from there, reed submit to no extortion by the railroads, as Inng as lie can send by canal and river. The people of Illinois, during the last three years, have paid to the railroads, in rtie shape of excessive charges upon freights, more than enough money to hnlld these canal improvements. We put the question directly to these people—will you pay annually a direct lax of from three to five millions of dollars, as a bounty for inad equate railroad facilities, orwlil you pay one million per annum for a few years to con struct these works, which will bo to you and your posterity au enduring protection from railroad combination? and monopolies? Let the people of the State think over this mat ter ; lot them estimate the tax they now pay without any returns to the railroads, and touij are that with the tax of two mills upon their taxable* for a few years. Let them cal cniai" which is the most oppressive ; which will take more money from them. Let them remember that the tax they now pay to the railroad* U one that Increases every year, - ai d will be oerpctual. The other will be lor a few yeans only, and will then pul an end to the railroad extortion. Let them figure out these thing*, and instruct their Representa tives in the Legislature accordingly. rjf- For the sake of showing the rapid growth of our State, it Is a pity that a full vote was not cast in Northern Illinois. Bat the poor Coppcrjohnson party were soused op demoralired and discouraged that ant two-thirds of them In a score of counties ventured to show themselvesat the polls and this otter lank of opposition rendered It unnecessary for the Republicans to pnl forth their full strength bp many thonsand, of votes, Hence the comparatively light vote in the Northern counties. An Inspection of the vote cast, in all the contested counties shows that unequally vigorous contest m ho nneontested counties would have added at leut 50.000 to the Republics .04 U«»- to the Coppcrjohuwn , he P X. T ?m WOOD., If thl. h.d opposi«oD l67«Xh-tol orlmjl()to ’’“"i/wc'.receded 400,000, u there arc "°“1 than that many [of lepil elector. ™ orC * t at t bis lime. And with every toU pow£ thc Rl 'I lubllcttn majorUy vrould l)Cju»t about C 5.000. the NEW ERA IN LOUISIANA. A great event has occurred In New Or leans. Tuesday, November 20th, according to the Journals of the Crescent City /is des tined to become memorable In the annals of the South. The greatest preparations were made for It; the newspapers, for weeks, In dulged In glowing descriptions and magnifi cent prophecies; all classes ot population, all ages, sexes and colors came ont to see. The dignitaries and rulers of the land lent their august presence and active participa tion. The places of business were closed, that employe as well as employer might swell the multitude and witness the impos ing ceremonies. High mass was celebrated In the Cathedral by Archbishop Odin. Even Frcnchtown, which It was supposed could only be awakened to motion by an earth quake or a rebellion, was profoundly stirred on this occasion. Monsieur, Madame, Mad emoiselle, Ua enfanta, all came forth from be hind their wooden shutters, aud showed themselves in the streets in a body. On the morning of the grand event the Comwem'af declared that the day was the beginning of a new year, a new era, the “date of the origin of progress.” In fact, Tuesday seems jnst now to be regarded as the first day of the year one In New Or igins. Lest the reader should hurst with curiosity to learn the cause of all this excite ment, the like of which has never been wit nessed In the Crescent City since the “Yan- kees” came up the river on the ships of Farrapnl, we hasten to say that It is all about a Fair—the first Fair of the “ Mechanics’ and Agricultural Association of Louisiana. 1 Jn this part of the country, trhere every State and every county has had Us annual Fair for many years past, it may seem amarine and absurd that the good people of New Orleans should make such an ado over an event so common here. But it is really a movement of great significance in the South; aud when the facts and circumstances are considered, it will appear that the Importance attached to it by the press and people of Louisiana U scarcely exaggerated. It is a ngyclty, to be •ein with. Industrial exhibitions have been almost, if not altogether, unknown In Louis iana. The indolent planter has heretofore looked to his factor In New Orleans for such advances of money as would suffice for the current expenses of his family and his plantation, and beyond Ibis has scarcely given a thought to business. The practice of the mechanic arts has been regarded as the task of slaves; the .Southern “gentleman’* was born for expen sive dissipation, for the learned professions, f< r the exercise of arms—for anything but manual labor, which was held to be a degra dation, and the distinguishing duty of an inferior race. The pursuit of agriculture was represented at the hotels of New Orleans, where, during the cay season, the planters vied with »r.d» other la the lavish expenditure of borrowed money. Industrial Fairs, in such a community, and under such institutions and habits, were no more to be expected than horse races and bull lights among the early Puritans of the Plymouth colony. But with I thcabolUion of slavery old things arc passing 1 awov, and all things arc becoming new. The Fair in New Orleans is the first tribute of the people of New Orleans to Free Labor, the first acknowledgment that the stamp of ig uominv has been removed from industrial pursuits, and that the South is entering upon the certain road to solid wealth and prosperity, from which she has hereto tofore been barred by the system of slave labor. In ibis noble emulation the North will bid her God-speed. The event Is one to be celebrated, and we hope it may prove an era in the progress of Louisiana, as the Com mtrcial predicts. May the words of the Picayune prove true, when It says: “ Ad “ versity Is teaching ns Its wholesome lessons “of labor and thrill. Such exhibitions arc “ the sign that we are improving them In the “ right temper—gathering together the rent “ nants of our broken fortunes, and patiently “ working to put them together with our “own hands as a basis for a future prosper “Uy.” When this future prosperity devel ops Itself, and the South sees that Its “sub jugation” to free labor results in rescuing her from stagnation and decay, we shall have no more such complaints as the Pic ayune utters in the same article from which we have quoted,when it says t “All that is left us to do as helots of the Union, is to refuse to do anything which gives our assent to the | degradation with which we are menaced.” IMPAHXIAIi SDFFttAGE. IFrom Ihc Washington Republican, Kovcm* her 19. J ot. jottseoh’6 opiKion-nw nirmuEscs w»ru coxonrss—as AernontzEO rrvriacsiT, ' SuOiazeehonld he conferred 'T the Ma'es,that rlrbt betas suaianleed to each blatc tiy the Con* eiltwlon. .Andrew John*o:i is In favor final!* 2ed suffrage in Tennessee as of Uial State, lie authorized ns, m behalf of the Chief Executive of the nation, to ursa V.ftUiled suf for three dieses of colored men of this uia bict, la April last, and at bl ? eucsostion wo re* netted the proposition again in July, only abotit one t. ceh bclorc Concrete cdionnied. «« took fpedal ralre to notify several Radical Senators ana Representatives who w-'rc anxloa* laciiUms i ontlie subject, that the President war In taior of the plan proposed In the Rei'.vbhcan. The Radi* cals were afraid to tnnch the imMllon, and went I betne to their scve*al Mat s and blackguarded tht, I Prc-ldcnt. cnO declared that be was pppo ed to exlct dice the right of to the black man. Andrew Johnson Is In favor of more for the black man in Tennessee. as a cii lscn of that rdale: he snc'reatcdlo tlovcmor Mnrkcvoi Mlisusppi 1 more Tor the colored men of that Slate, and re micetcrt and authorized os to nrgo nppn Congress, et the last session, more for me colored men of tbb* District than Charles Sumner, or Henry WU , eol v cr any other Congressman of Massnchnsctta 1 ever urged for the colored men of their stale. No coloreuman who fought In the Union army, or who own* property, no matter how mncn,ca:» I vote in Massachusetts unless he can read and write. President Johnson goes beyond that. Ho is in iavor of granting stiff race to all colored man, wherever the Constitution alvcs him Uie power to do it, who can read and vrnlc, or wno served hop irahly in the Union army, or o the extent of twohuadred and fitly dolltrs and difference between the Preside't and Comrtess Is, that the *ormer beiloves that, under the Constitution, each State has the right to «*e,Ue the Question of suffrage for Itself, congresa as sumes the right to impose It upon the States, to; stitntiou or no Constitution. If Hanscom, (the editor of the J?.-/itiWkan t Ls rcallv authorized to make the above state ment, it shows that the elections have exer cised a salutary and chastening Influence on the would-be Dictator. It may be possible that he deems It best to propitiate the popu lar feeling a little before Congress assembles. Johnson is np to all kinds of tricks. No man who ever sat in the Exccntlvc chair nsed the "Washington papers so much to pettifog his “policy” before the country as the present occupant. All that Hanscom says about “the special pains that he took to notify several Senators and Representa tives” as to the President’s views on negro suffrage is silly egotism and absurd bosh. His master spoke lor himself on a hundred occa sions before and after the adjournment of Congress; and in no speech to the country or message to Congress during Its session, nor In anv of his harangues to the populace while swinging around the circle, did he ever repeat whal he suggested to Governor Shar key in July, ISCS, In respect to extending the suffrage to colored men. It is folly and false hood on the part of the “ subsidized” Wnsh i ington paper to put forth that claim in his 1 [ behalf. _ . “Theonly difference between the Presl — i i« ««,.• ik. D..- •" “ i ?| ibat the former believes that under the “Constitution, each State has the right to “settle the question of the suffrage f r “iUelV* Bnt does Johnson denytoCon cress the rlsthl to settle the question of the suffrage In the Territories? Congress cUims the right to organize governments for the ex-Slatcs whose governments were destroyed by the rebellion. Where did Johnson find his authority for organising the rebel territories into State Governments without the sanction’’of Congress? Where did ho get his authority to deprive the loyal cob ored citizens of those rebel territories of their right of suffrage? Who authorized him to proclaim that pardoned rebels should vote, but loyal colored men should not vote In the reorganization of those destroyed State Governments? It will be remembered that in his Proclamations he declared that the rebel “States” were without governments (T constitutions, and that their laws were null and told. If such were the fact, by what authority did Andrew Johnson exclude the colored citizens of the “South” from I voting at the elections held to create aucw those defunct Stales? Will his Washington ! month-piece explain ? There was no law on the statute book that justified or allowed him to discriminate against one class of citi zens and in favor of another on account of color. Slavery was abolished; no man was a master and no man was a slave. All were citizens, and equal In the eye of the law, .except that the blacks were loyal. Constitution supporting citizens, while the whites were subdued I rebels, who bad striven to destroy the Con- I stltntion and the Union. The act of the President was therefore an unwarranted usurpation of authority and a palpable viola tion of the Constitution. But if his defend ers take the other horn of the dilemma and assume that the rebel Territory was actual States In the Union, as many Copperheads contend, then Johnson’s proclamations were lawless Infractions of Slate sovereignty, and the State constitutions and governments he forced on the people of those States are boffu*, and he deserves to bo Impeached and removed forthwith. On the other hand. If Johnson's proclamations set forth the truth, that those Stale constitutions and govern ments were forfeited by rebellion end were defunct, then it Is the doty of Congress to organize governments for the rebel territory, atd prescribe the qualifications therein, of electors, and Johnson has nothing to do In Ibe premises, save end except to see that, the laws made by Congress are enforced. As to the right of each 6ww fidt “Slots to settle the terms of suffrage for Itself, that Is a wholly different question. An amend ment to the Constitution may undoubtedly be adopted which shall declare that no State shall make or enforce any law depriving any class of male adult citizens of the right of suffrage on account of race or color. »Ul Johnson favor or oppose such an amend ment ? Can the JltpiMUan answer the ques tion? Neither Congress nor the dominant Republican party arc In the mood to be hum bugged or thwarted by the apostate who un fortunately occupies and disgraces the Ex ecutive chair. CEMBAIiIZAXION. Whenever ihe Government of the Union is about to exercise Its just powers, and enforce its authority over the rebellions States, one method In constant use among those who op pose the Administration, of thwarting this purpose, is to raise the cry of centralization. This alarm cry Is constantly rung in our cars, by men whose sole object is to save the Con federate section against the just punishment for their crimes, and to cripple the Federal Government in the exercise of its undisputed ] powers. Doubtless the centralization of all [ power In the Federal Government would [be a great evil and wrong. No party and no man seeks to do it, as all arc alike convinced that the safety of our institutions and their permanence de pend upon a strict maintainancc of the divi ding line between the powers given to the Federal Government and those reserved to the States. But It does not seem to be so well borne In mind by some, that the full and complete exercise ot aU the powers which by the Constitution arc given to the General Government, are just as essential to our safe ty and existence as a people. The great ob ject sought In the celabllshmcDt of the Fed eral Constitution, was to secure through the | General Government that justice and freedom which there was Imminent danger the people would lose through thcfeeblenesa or conflicts of the disunited Stales. Consolidation, or centralization to this extent Is a necessity; and so far from being an evil to be condemned or deplored, it is an Indispensable need, and an Inestimable blissing. When, therefore, tbe cry of cen tralization is raised, It is always a question whether it should not rather excite our ap probation and Increase our sense of security, than alarm-our fears and raise our opposl lion. If the power sought to be exercised, or the measure to be enforced, is one leglti mutely within the scope of the Federal au thority. and is aimed at patriotic cuds, it should be balled with joy and receive our earnest and loyal support. The General Government is clothed with high authority, and certain great powers arc centralized in Us hands, as absolutely essential to the free dom of the pcopl- and the safety of the nation. So far from there being any danger in the use of these powers, the true ground fir ulunu would be. for that Government to neglect or refuse their exercise, and succumb to the usurped and mischievous authority of ihe States. Where the line of partition runs between the authority of the General Government and tbut of the Slates, is It not al ways so clearly seen as to leave no room for honest difference of opinion. But of this great truth there can be no doubt, and, bear ing it always in mind, wc need not go far astray in our conclusions, namely, that the avowed object of the institution of the Fed eral Government was to secure the blessings of liberty and justice to the people aud their posterity. These blessings were to be thus secured by the establishment and protection in every State of a republican form of Gov ernment, and by this means guaranteeing to the people all those rights and immunities which pertain everywhere to the citizens of a republic. The fundamental principles of a republican form of government, arc under stood universally to be the freedom and equality of all citizens. The rights of man, and exact justice, with no privileged class, uo • aristocracy, and no slaves, theso are known to be implied in the idea of a Rcpub lie ; and when our fathers erected the Gov ernment of the Union, one leading object •was to establish a power whose right and duty it should be to enforce the principles of Republican Government everywhere within its jurisdiction, and that extended over all the States then within, or that might here after enter, the Union. Whatever Is justly implied iu the idea of a Republican Govern ment, whatever of equal right and impartial justice belong to that form of free institu tions, it is the imperative duly of the Fede ral Government to maintain and enforce. The moating and purpose of the Federal Con stitution Is to establish and maintain every where in the land the fundamental princi ples of Republican Government. All power | necessary to this end is centralized in it. To this end it Is a consolidated Government, and in ibis centralization lies our chief security, and should be our highest pride. Without this supremo authority of the Union to enforce bumau rights and equal justice everywhere, doubtless we should have all sorts of oppression and wrong In States that had forgotten their allegiance to republican principles, and whose Govern ment had been seized by a class, or a party, determined vo build up tbclr fortunes and power on the ruin and oppression of the people. Against such usurpation and tyr any the General Government is set up as an abiding watch and defence. And that Su preme Government falls in the exercise of its clearest authority aud neglects a most .-acred duty If In any quarter of its wide do main, In any one of the many States, a single citizen of its many millions isdcprlvcdofany one of the rights which belong to him as a member of the republic. No one can get so far off, or Into a Slate so remote, as to be be yond the i each of the protecting power ol the General Government In all his rights as a citizen of the republic. It was to defend hu man rights and maintain the principles of free republican government that the Consti tution was framed. To this extent at least . all power is contained in it, and wc find In this Constitution no reason for alarm, but 1 rather a full assurance of safety and protcc t tlon for all classes, of whatever race or color, ; so long as they bear the image and cau claim ' the rights of humanity. •a- E. M. Haines, who fora long lime had been one of the magnates of the Repub lican party of Lake County, concluded, last rammer, that he could pet to Congress sooner by the “left-hand” road. He thereupon turned a political flip-flap, and came down In the midst of the Copperhead party. He was instantly put on the track for Congress. He had gained by turning bis coal at least the first object of Ids aspiration. viz : a nomination for Congn f*. An old abolition veteran, by the name ofGcn. Tamsworth, who had been over the rente to Washington several times, was started bvlhe Radicals on the right-hand rood. The following la the result of the race to the capital. Time from eight a. m. to six p. m. of one day Farnsworth raa. Ualuca tan . Funsworlh ahead li,W5 “ I It will he seen that when Farnsworth had | reached bis goal, Ilaincswsts barely halfway 1 over the first quarter of the distance. And yet he was the candidate of the combined ‘‘Conservative Copperheads’* and “Conserva tive Republicans,” of the District. Ho was | backed up and supported by the whole pow* i cr and influence of Andy Johnson, Iho Chlca -1 go Tima and the bread-and-butter brigade. Two veara ago one Johnson ran as the uoppcrncaa candidate agamsi x*miw worth In the same District. Hero are the I tolcs received by each—Haines, remember, I was rcinlorced by all the Corworotfce Repnb- I llcana In the District, and had only to oon -1 tend against the “ handthl of Radicals ” who I “ infest ” the District: Counties. Boone I'cKalb.... Kane McCenry... Winnebago. Totals B * fiW It will be seen thattbe combined Conserva tives and Copperheads succeeded In polling more fA.ro half as many votes for Haines as the Copperheads polled for Johnson la IsM. The Coppcrjohn* are a growing party In the Second District, and Haines Is a formidable embodiment of ** my policy.” A tragical analr took place on the evening of October CUt, at ae Theatre dec Nonvoanm*, a email ealle on the Boulevard dee ItaHeus, Parif. One ot tke pr« tucn and most popular tclrtesce, MaJaac Cuapulcs received a message In the course of the performance that her at the stage dour, and wanted to speak to her on Important business. Tboneh ehe had not seen I him for a long time, ehe thought Itasweil tohear whal he had to eay, and went to the stage doorto sec Lira, lie said nothing hat stabbed her in the throat and then stabbed blmself lire times tn the chest ind stomach. The lady's wounds arc very 1 slichu but the husband U In a desperate state. Thepapcrs say that people are pawled to account I for the crime, but it is set down to jealousy. On the sl*t nil., daring the passage oi the ship Pcrelrc from Havre to New\ort, the Very I Rev. Etienne Ronssellon, Vicar General of the I r«ibol!c Dloceae of New Orleans, a passen- I gcr on 1)01:3 the v M! el, lo *f i “'“ ptd and Ml backward", tajaitae hlntself see. re If. The reverend genlleman was placed under [ the care of the surgeon, who, from a asunation, supposed that no bones badbeen frac I tared. The Pcrclro arrived on the Uh lush, Mjcr 1 which the Vicar General was conveyed to St. VtacJnl’i where It «• J>»w > *¥“ fall be bid aaatalncd a fracture of the neckof U» Irfl tb'eb bone. He continued to fall, and died I on Friday. , r I The SHr»«« Jmerierm bu received > *1*“““ r | of the “mad rtoiie" from . gcnlleiaan ot Atluibi, 1 1 ua. It tear takes from tbo atotnacb Ola doer ■ killed Ur Houston Couctr. and the paper sayslt l seems to be compered ot phosphate of lira..• > liar concrcUona are not ouoaaj la theiter . stomach: there which are Joan, having amall f one., sometimes not larger than a pea, while la n older antra ala the, ate ranch larcer. n&vr pvBUO&iiOKB< Ah' AMERICAN FAMILY IN GERMANY. By j. Rom Bbowk*. lilastratod by the author. C]oU>. Pp.Bßl. lMce»2.oo. NewTork: Har per Brothers. 1606. Sold by B.C. Griggs* Co., Chicago. It Is not the past that pleases men but their idea of tho past ns U once pleased them. The gray hjiir memory dreams of schoolboy ex periences would not be pleasant realities. The Scotchman who comes to America and by bis enterprise and economy, quickly makes a fortune, longs to be once again with his loved Grampian hills; but it Is not until he goes back and tries to live among the quiet old familiar glens that he discovers his past experience to be quite unsultcd to his present tastes, concludes that the Scotch world moves much too slowly, and that floe tccnery la most beautiful when not often seen. So our excellent Americanized Ger man secs visions ol the cherished Fadcrland all full of old time happiness; but when he wanders away back up the Rhine to Frank fort he finds that his country must now be seen through American eyes, and he is shocked at the tyranny of the Government and the contented poverty of his country men. In many villages a doctrine like tliat of Malthas is adopted, and only a prescribed number of citizens arc allowed to many in each year. If one want a cord of wood, he must make application at the police office. Ko private citizen Is allowed to kill his own pig or prescribe’ his own medicine. The blacksmith must not marry the widow of his friend the shoemaker and canr on the busi ness of the latter, though horse-shoeing might have made him rich enough to hire a foreman. The owner of a lot must build hla house of such material and dimensions and looking toward such point of the compass os the Government may think best; nor can the denizen of the “ free city of Frankfort” many a honse.keep&r without giving good and sufficient evidence that his krentzors will count np to a certain magic sura. The traveller must hand over his passport and beg a ticket of permission to stop a few days. If his visit be prolonged Into what Miss Leslie would call a visitation, he must de posit three hundred florins, lest he fall Into vagrancy and get a Job In the poor house. The proprietor of a grocery shop may lecd crackers and cheese to his customers at the counter; but he must not furnish a seat qt, table, for those luxuries are allowed only to another sort of money-getter. Women may peddle fruit, but not crackers. One man may sell beer In covered glasses only, while bis neighbor enjoys the aristocratic privilege of selling It In bottles. The butch er must not overstep a certain modest number ofslanghtcrcd cattle In a year. At every corner a soldier is seen. Tbe Prussian jostles the Frankfurt merchant into the kennel, because he hates the city. The officer of the Austrian contingent cuts down Hie Italian with the sword, for he hates Italy. Terror of the strong arm preserves the peace. To an American it seems strange that Germans thould manifest such breadth of mind in theorizing man into his highest hap piness, and yet submit to the baseness of bring daily trodden upon by arbitrary power. They have much Intellect, but little vlll. Two hundred years of oppression, hu miliation, and destructive wars have left their mark upon the life of the people. The political prostration and individual weakness with which tbe countrymen of Geetbo have been repi cached, arc attributed by Herr Ficitsg to tbe waste and destruction of the Thirty Years’ War. It is calculated that this war deprived Germany of two-thirds of its population and threc-fonrths of its capital. \ whole generation of insecurity drove fore- 1 thought itself to despair* The diversion ol j eastern trade from the German to another j route, which occurred about the same j time, may ho set down as a fruit- j ful source of the subsequent ruin. The termination of the Religious Wars left a fallen nobility and a starving peasantry face to face. Toward the end of the seventeenth century the peasantry were brought under the control of the pretended representatives of the old nobility. It was the peasant’s duly to supply cattle and labor on his lord’s estate. Two days in a week were tnus sacrificed ; and so late as IT9O the peasants of Meissen rose In rebellion because these lord's days were increased and divided into tractions to such extent that no fall day's work could be done on the lands of the people. In Rucen the lord charged a hun dred and Ally dollars for the liberty of tbe able-bodied man and fifty or sixty dollars for that of the beautiful girl, who wanted to leave his estate and try their fortunes on another. He could forbid the ac- | ccptanco of service off the estate. When j Frederick the Great reduced the cliargc for | this permission to one ducat, It was thought | a great benefit conferred npon the land. The ! game laws forbadethe peasants to keep fire arms, and even to dig pits to trap the wolves which yet, almost every year, carried off a woman or child from each village. A deer might get Into the pit, and It were better that an occasional peasant should be eaten by ibo wolves than that a deer should be eaten by tbe peasants. When tbe lord or dered his canals or fishponds to be drawn, the tenants were compelled to purchase the fish in quantities proportioned to the size of tbclr holdings. The same abuse was extend ed to corn, cbccsc, butter and cattle. The lord was local judge, and the umpire cf his own quarrels. He could Inflict personal chastisement and Imprison without appeal. Ills walking cane was freely used about the heads of tenants who rocclv cd no pay ; and even the reformers of the last century preached that the peasants ought not to resist unless the bcatiug were excessive. These tyrannous abuses hive been continued up to a time within the mem ory of men yet living ; and the victims have been four-fifths of all the Germans. The century from 1650 to 1150 was the midnight of German history ; and it was not till ISO 7 that a rising middle class began to bridge over the dark chasm between the exalted oppressor and the abject peasant. The iron heel being set upon all external activity the German mind fell back upon as the ‘‘Bohemian Mountains” wcr%JpMMally set as the limit to every so tbe dally routine ofllfe, as the pffwcrs that be might happen to fix it, became the extent of action, and German brains began the effort of thought la that easement where no potentate can Interfere. Something quite other than “camels” was developed. A hundred and fifty years ago began the career of Rational ism, which has brought npon Germany the curses of Christian* and the growls of infi dels. Literature and art absorbed all the energies of the intelligent classes. While the French Revolution -was knocking at their door the great men, who would naturally be looking after the Slate, were intent npon the new glories of letters. Instead of de votes at the shrine of the new liberties, there were worshippers of the clever men of Weimar. Goethe buried their presentiments of danger In his magnificent fiction, and Schiller taught astheUca to men who ought to have been fighting. , If woman be the standard of civilization, the tender sex of Germany ought to pray for barbarism. In ISC2 there were posted on the gateways of Frankfort printed notices, signed by the Directory of Railroads, requiring the services of font hun dred laborers, to the men of whom forty cents a day were offered, and to the women, fuvmty-six cent*. W ould it not be a queer sight to see a gang of American women wheeling mud, chopping old logs and blasting rocks on another * Groat Western i- arr. Browne’s Butterfield Ua* a picture of an old lady of many German win ters who tugs at a heavy wheel-harrow fall of sheaves, while her strong-armed son and grand-boy walk leisurely along behind smoking their pipes- *'U is no uncommon thing to see a stout young fellow returning to hi* village, after a hard day's work, with his- arta cast devotedly over the neck of his sweetheart; a broad grin of satisfaction on his honest face; while the unresisting damsfcl staggers along under her load of vegetables, skilfnlly poised in a huge basket on the top of her Lead. The unmannerly lout professes to love her with all hla might and main, but never offers to relieve her of her burden. “Ach, du blst so school” he cries— *• thou urtso beautiful !*’—and then be snatches a kiss from under the big basket. “Ja! jal Hans,” says the girl; “bat where Is that new handkerchief you promised me?” “Ach, Gott!” cries Hans, “you ore so sweit you make me forget everything.” But Hans docs not carry the burden. He forgets that women are weak as well as pretty. Mr. Butter field saw handsomely dressed young ladies forced to walk In the cutter to make room for some consequential person age of the male gender. The Nuremberg wood-saw has a woman at one end md a atone at the other. This Is presumed to be on the same principle that made the boy balance LU meal bag with a heavy weight In the Icht end. Two or three women may be lecn sawing, while others arc splitting, and a couple, by means of a pulley, are hoisting baskets filled with the prepared fuel to the attic story, where a man sits In the window. pipe in mouth, feet pendent, willing to hand the sticks over to another gang of women, who stow them away. In Wurtzbarg the men are actually kind enough to help the women saw wood, except at frequent intervals, when the gallant lords go to light their pipes or take a draught of beer in the nearest sa loon. But, If tbe gentlemen of Germany he less’chivalric In their devotion to women than the masculines of the American “hub,” vet they ore Innowbe destitute ofaffeclion,lor they embrace and kiss one anotheranddogs to an extent quite beyond the appreciation ol the fastidious embracer* and kissers of our country. .. . . Probably tbe most fashionable resort of travellers is Geneva ; but the expenses arc .16,155 rods. . 3,5« “ . 159 541 . 507 741 .I,oo* 1.479 . Cl 5 878 . GST 1.191 . BS6 no scry considerable. Dreaden la attractlre to I the foreigner on account of Its galleries of I art, its bcantlfttl gardens and excellent I achoole. Heidelberg la the bead-quarters of 1 English atudenla. Frankfort baa many I tourists. Nuremberg, Darmstadt and TVnrlaburg are economical and nnpretcndlng placea where Oemmn me may be found nnmixed srith court fashions and ex ternal influences. The acbooia are good and Using is ebeap. The polytecbnlc school and public hospitals efWurlxburg make it a de sirable place for young men in tbe medical prolcsalon. Gottingen is a good location for tbe student. Pure German may bo acquired in the villages toward the north, and the ex penses are moderate, but the climate is un pleasant to moat Americana. Berlin is un sociable and extraragant, but a great at- traction to the man of science. Everybody knows that the scholars ol Germany are the schoolmasters of Christen* dom ; and any enthusiastic praise of the ed ucational facilities of that country would he | superfluous. But all the boys who go to Germany for mental culture do not get It. As In this country so In England and on the Continent, the good mothers and grandmas tell all the neighbors that John has studied himself!!! at college, when In fact Irregular sleep, late suppers and wine are the cause of his learned pallor. The cost of education Is no proof of Its thoroughness; for at most of the great universities few students are expelled who pay the tuition fees regu larly and do not break the head of some rival club’s bully. At Heidelberg the first thing | to be done toward the acquisition of a fin ished education la to join a club, assume the red, pink, green or-yellow cap, and learn to wear It with clever jauntiness. The student must have knee boots, and cultivate a manly mustache. This last often requires no small care and attention. To attain a “standing” he quarrels with the cham pion .*T "some other lager-beer frater nity, fights a duel with him and cuts his free. This done, he buys a dog and helps to fight its battles. He lodges loosely about town j and follows the discipline of his fancy ; gets up when he pleases and breakfasts In a house where beer and anecdotes abound* The lectures arc a bore, but from respect for the professor he sometimes attends them. The red-caps all frequent onchecr shop, and It Is an important event when they arc turned away for breaking tables and chairs and abusing the bar-keeper. A committee is ap pointed to go the circuit of the other beer houses, taste the liquors and report the best place for future meetings. Intriguing, and bunting, and dog-fighting, aud duelling are the main duties of the day. But enough. This is not the way In which all of them waste the best days of tbclr lives. Exlremes mect. The hardest working students at our own great schools are found at the very places where the most | reckless habits exist. The Germans carry the extreme to the utmost. The few work ers give themselves Immense tasks; and the players all but ruin tbeihselvcs with surfeit ol pleasure. The former arc brought up to a frenzied abstraction from which they look with disdain upon all things that can be touched; while the latter go home to fill np the cup of their happiness in the club-house manner of their college training. The former arc Tranccudeutallsts; the latter horse jockeys. WISCONSIN IN THE WAR OP THE R.-.BEL UON. A Uistory of all KoylocnU and Bsttancs the State b«? scat to the field, and deeds ol her Officers. Governors and olher Military OdKers, aid State and National LesrliOators to sappre-B tbc Rcbcllon. By William Ds Loss Lovb. Bvo Cloth. Pp. I,l*o. Price SO.OO. Chlcazo : Church jt Goodman, Publishers. ISGti. sold by sub scription. Our readers of Wisconsin may congratu late themselves upon the excellent record which Rev. Mr. Love has made of the noble sacrifices of that State In common with her sister commnnlllcs to save the Republic ami establish liberty. Wo have known some thing of the Industry and earnestness of the author in preparing this book; and wc be lieve the surviving heroes of the seventy three military organizations which Wiscon sin sent to the field, will recognize In this ponderous volume, a spirit of devotion to the warrior and determination to do justice to I his fame, which could not be found In the I pages of the mere penny-picking book maker. Here Is the history of a hundred and thirty- I six battles, the biography of two hundred I officers and privates, with a classified list of I nearly eleven thousand Wisconsin dead. The j chapters on the cause o! the rebellion, and I the Calhoun-Davls extension of State Rights I have been much admired by all who have 1 seen the advanced sheets; and we think the 1 author has cleverly and soundly treated our I I great national sin in its relation to the rise j 1 and overthrow of tbc Slave Power. - There I are twenty-five steel plate portraits, two I I wood-cuts* and seven maps. The matter Is j so arranged that, while the history of every I I regiment and battery can bo traced from beginning to end, the services of Wls- I cousin troops In the chief battles and cam -1 paigus arc recorded side by side In tbo same 1 chapter; a system of grouping which gives ] I the work more of tho Interest and import- I ance of a general history than la usually 1 found in books of this class. Mr. Love’s pub -1 lUhers, Messrs. Church A Goldman, of Chi- I cago, have done credit to themselves and I our city in so cleverly Introducing the hlsto- I rlan of Wisconsin to the friends of his I heroes. The book Is In plain type and I substantially and neatly bound In cloth. THE HISTORY OF TUB UNITED STATES: On ini Wab of JS6I. Being a complete history of its rise and prepress, commercing wllo me Preeidenlifll election. Vol. I. Compiled from noTcrcznent documents and other reliable «onrce« Bt Mrs- J. Bi*KEStE*FBOST. ClO'b. Pages 353. Boa ton: Degen, Estes & Priest, tw Corn bill. A very succinct, racy and accurate presen tation of the Inciplency of the Rebellion, the movement of troops, the battle scenes, the burning of bridges, the burial of soldiers, to gether with all the Incidents of the most In terest connected with the early part of the war, the great speeches of the day, the ef forts of the patriotic and the lists of the dead. This Is not a mere tall£ about the war In good round wo manish terms, bnt a terse digest of continu ous events from the beginning down to six j months subsequent to tae election of Preal- I dent Lincoln. From personal knowledge of I the lady historian, we believe her to possess the two best qualities of the annalist—lnteg rity and Indnstry—with no small degree of earnestness and strength of character. She is not a book-maker qf the school of “ fine writing,” but a historian. Her style Is simple, compact and straightforward, with no ornaicness, but often pungent and some times sarcastic. She Is not a partisan, ! but believes U to be the duty of the hlato rian to remain neutral. The engravings arc spirited and the subjects well chosen. There are steel plates of Lincoln, McClellan and Butler. The work is finely brought out by Degen, Estes & Priest, and la to be sold by subscription only. The authoress Is now stopping at tho Sherman House, and we be lieve it Is her purpose to remain some time In this city. MAUD MULLER. By Jons Gnsxxucar Wmr- Tisn. With Illustrations by W. J. Hran©«y. EVANGELINE, A Tat* or Acad rt By Hour W. I csainxow, With Illustrations by f. O. i C.Dariey- TRE VIsiON’iOF SIR LAUNFAL. By Jans Bw eiLLlownl. With Illustrations by 8. Eytiagc, Jr. Boston: Tlcinor & Fields. These little gems of literature and the art of design arc among the prettiest holiday,, books of the season. To ns Whittier’s Maud U the most attractive. This Ciscinaling poem is cleverly illustrated by Henncasy. Whoever wants to see how an idea can be put Into a chimney corner may turn to the. tenth page, where the pensive Mand sits at the wheel and contrasts her stnpld husband on a stool by the fire, pipe in mouth, cup in hand, with all the substantial and splendid comforts " that might have been.” As to 1 the author he has well nigh attained the en viable rank of those great writers who lire quite above criticism. The stoiy of the poor girl and the judge Is cherished by all who' love the beautiful. What a charming hook lor a Christmas box! Who does not dally look upon the image of the wistful Evangeline? And in whoso heart Is there not sym pathy Ibr Longfellow’s greatest of the heroines of love? Now we have this j tad, beautiful story In its holiday earmcats, and,wc know not a book of recent literature I so truly adapted to ennoble the tastes of | the daughters of the West. Loweil’s Laun&l is familiar to onr read ers, A reproduction of the chivalry of the days of Arthur. The book U handsomely illustrated by ten of Eytlnge’s designs. Those who have seen the illustrations of the “Holy Grier’ by this artist; will be well assured that, with such publishers as Tick nor A Fields, and pictures like these, the popular Professor’s "Vision” could not fail to be well brought out. la the sew marble palace tor the EtreU build- , tar, cm Broadway and Ann etreets, Sew York, Bennett will hate a room thirteen feet by twenty, looking ont on St. Panl'a: Mr. Hnd«on one abont ihe same site adjoining, looking ont from the Pirk Row front on the Aator House; and young Bennett one adjoining Hudson'*, looking ont on thepark. Then come* the big room tor all the snb-editore, fronting on Ann street, and a room lor visitor?. The pressroom under the street la j over twenty feel deep. The composing room I* a 1 great ball nnder the sky-Tight* ; and intermediate rooms win be rented for an aggregate of $103,000. The wnole coats about a round million. TbeChatfieliUWls.) Zkviocrat saya; “Awld ow lady of Wluona, with six grown daughters, has purchased a house it* Chatfldd, and intends going them to settle. The Dtmocrci thinks It will be * valuable acquisition to their village. The Prttaburgh Oaeilt says that probably the only person now alive who witnessed the surren der of Cornwallis, is a genuine Guinea negro, called Toro, now living at Hamilton. Ohio. lie was bronchi to this country In a alavor tome time near the close of the last century, and says ho «'ipecta he mart be about flvobundred year old. Els real age b probably one hundred. FTIEILLETON, A LITEBABT BOBBAtf. Among th§ thousands of people who either take a daily newspaper or read one that be long to somebody else, there arc many classes of readers, each of which has some favorite column. It Is quite likely that the speculator pome over monetary and com mercial that would not be under ood hr HEs lady, who turns Immedl altl? to tSBKr marriages, which, to her. about part.of news paper meralulgEdltoi?als are eometlme. read by polltfclans, but more freoueiWy by those who write them. The news'summary of a morning U glanced at by the hurried business jnaa to the exclusion of the rest of the paper, and old people seek for deaths with as much zeal as It would be natural to , suppose they would employ to avoid the sub ject There ore some—for Americans are nationally fond of newspapers—who read them through and through; but two 1 classes of readers are prominently large The individuals of one class never retd anything hut the adver tisements, and the Individuals of the other never look at the advertisements, but read everything else. For the first class It will not be necessary to give information of the establishment of a Literary Bureau, but ll may not be out of place to explain Its objects, to which the ad vertisement did not refer; and, lu regard to the second class, we propose, gratuitously, to give the Bureau the benefit ofa lift. The project of establishing a bureau for literary reference Is a novel one, and like most novel projects, originates In our couu try To those who have any knowledge of these matters, It will immediately occur that this Bureau Is a sort, of Intelligence office for the mutual accommodation of Jenkinses, who are out of employment, and for papers which require their services. It Is probable” that there will be mote applications from : Jenkinses than from the papers, for while it | la a firct that without Jenkinses we could 1 have no newspapers, It Is equally true now j a-days that newspapers are seldom without ! a full supply of Jenkinses. 1 But the utility of the Bureau Is of far great er depth and capacity than this. One of Its

objects for Instance, Is the examination of manuscripts. Upon those submitted, critical opinion simply wUI he passed, with a view to the writer’s vanity only, or if desired, sug gestions and corrections will be made, with a view to publication. In other words, grammar, Information and brains are furnish ed for a stipulated price to all those who have a weakness for seeing themselves In print. Wc can Imagine the chief critical reader at his desk, submerged in a flood of manuscript, a mere atom lu a chaotic mass of literary matter, scratching his head with bis pencil; and repeating to himself Punch s old definition : “WUat is matter ?” “Never mind.” “What is mind?” “No matter." “Procuring publishers” is another avowed Intention of the managers. This Is a desi deratum which has lougbecn wanting. There is hardly a doubt but that matter enough has been written to make up a Urge national library, Ifpriuted, which the author* have never Ijecnatle to get published at any price. Xhc extravagant expenditure of pa jEjjffifolvcdjn fhesc hazardous literary en ■Klees must have enormous.” From ifflHmcheucefurlb, all this will be saved. Tbt?*Literorv Bureau will undertake to print, U* menretbe publication of daily newspapers, magazines amymwrtcrlies for ibJMßjygtlou of wrliei£pfeo pay for and these peri -1 to 1 or hotel regis nalvwhichadvertisers support. The rev enue derived in this way aloue will insure the success ofthe undertaking. “ Purchasing books” too will be as great a relief to those who foci It to be a fashionable necessity to possess a library, os it will be lucrative to the managers ofthe bureau, who obuiu them at trade prices. Care should be taken that tboy should fit the shelves and that Bacon, Lamb.Chllty ou Contracts, Bor man’s work on Petroleum, and books of that ilk, whose Utica savor of personality, be avoided. „„ ~, ~ There is a “Department of Translation, which wUI be presided over by some learned blacksmith, who proposes to write anything, lYom business circulars to love ditties, in all ; lanpuagucs, living or dead. Thlslls available , to the aspirant after baccalaureate honors, and may be taken advantage of by those who ; never learned to write English. Scarcely less 1 important Is the of Facts and | Statistics,” which Is an encyclopedia of the | past and present. There has been ea over sight as to the future, for which a clalrvoy- I ant should he permanently employed. I The “Registry of Lecturers” Is perhaps I more generously disposed toward lecturers ] than toward audiences. It Is admitted that j little attention will be paid to lecturers who j have already a national reputation, possibly 1 from the loot that such lecturers will uot ap- 1 ply. And it Is proposed to furnish lyceums, colleges, library assoclaUons and the public I generally with lectures and lecturers to suit, j Any subject will be treated, and a lecturer 1 firevkfed at the shortest notice. So com plete and expeditious Is the working of this department that orders are solicited by telegraph. Not only are lecturers famished, I but lectures are written for those who have j a penchant for peripatetic literature, aud can ny; get them up. It is probably this depart ment which will undertake to write Con gressional speeches, toasts for dinner parties, appropriate presentation addresses, letters of acceptance of nomlnrtirts to prominent position?, Ac. Another remunerative func tion of this or some other department will be the furnishing of local sensations to newspapers. Par example: The Bureau prepares a graphic description of an elope ment in high life, or some deplorable instance of misery In low life, which it presents to the Herald late at night. From the Herald office it goes to the office of the World, which Is just ready to go to press. The editor Is seen, the sensation announced, the Herald has it, the enterpris ing agent of the Bureau proposes to sell It to the Wot Id, and the World pays a high price for it, In order not to he behind Us cotemporary. The simultaneous appear ance in both papers Is sufficient evidence of truth, and tho agent of the Bureau Is re- i llevcd of all responsibility In the matter. j Of course this Bureau finds a local bablta- j tlon in New York, but Its field of action Is , as broad as the principles upon which It I rests. . For further information we advise I the reader to send for a circular. To the ! Bureau the most Important feature Is the i fee, which must be paid lu advance before , any attention will be given the commission. , MUSICAL. ! We predicted In the beginning of the sea son that notwithstanding the musical talent 1 represented In the country, greater, perhaps, both In kind and extent, than ever before, yet owing to managerial deficiencies, It would be less available for tbe public than it was last season. This has proved to be true In every particular. There is not more than one effectively organized opera troupe In the country, and that Is Maretzek’s, who scarce ly ever goes further from New York than Boston or Philadelphia. Many artists of In dividual merit are scattered among as many concert troupes, giving us numerically more entertainments, hut artistically less satisfac tion. Even these different organizations are rapidlv falling off from financial reasons, consequent upon the want of well concerted attract pared for this state of affairs in to be a forcible reason for givwHKe greater encouragement to borne tal£T. that the public taste for music may not deaden for want of musical matter. -And still wo have the announcement that the Philharmonic Society is not as yet a self eustalning Institution, and unless a certain number of tickets are sold before the first of uexl mouth, no more concerts will be given. An Imputation, Issuing from the metropoli tan newsoaper critics, has long rested upon Western chics, that their Inhabitants did not, could not, and would not support first class musical entertainments. Up to this time, the Chicago public has made Itself an exception by Its universal liberality in sup porting every thing of tbe kind, which had any claim to* real merit. The facts In regard to the Philharmonic would seem, however, to warrant the conclusion that tbe public taste has experienced a decided change. Bat this conclusion Is, after all, hardly a fair one. One great difference between the Phllhar mcnic concerts and other entertainments, as farss the general public Is concerned, is to be found In the tact that the Philharmonic asso ciation this season, sells only season tickets. Even If this were generally understood, which U Is not, there are many people, who bnv single tickets and attend musical enter tainments on a night when U is convenient or plcaant tor them to go, who would not feel like investing their money for season tickets, especially when they are by no means certain whether they could eo or not. Nor do the Philharmonic concerts afford such attractions to theorems! public os most othermuslcal entertainments. However much variety there may be in the selections of the music, there Is a sameness about the kind of music which only a small class of the public can appreciate, or even enjoy, for the season. It Is hardly to be expected that Western ap. predation of classical mnsic should be so re fined and thorough as, say In Germany, where a love and talent for music are Inher ent In the people-, and where musical educa tion has been encouraged for centuries. But In Germany, symphony concerts arc seldom given, except In tbe open air or halls, where smoking Is conventional, and beer or good wine a part of the evening’s enjoyment. Such are the celebrated concerts of Uebig In Berlin, and Atranso In Vienna. With us such accompaniments have been universally voted zs outre, and Instead of them we demand a rarictv of entertainment, or the additional attraction of dramatic incident, as found m the opera. . . , .. Hal the suggestions advanced In these columns at different times, besn acted uroa, we apprehend that the Philharmonic Amo cUllod would acutely h»To encountered Ita present dlfflcultlea. There la home talent enough, both IndlTldnal • and choral, rot creditable productions of opera, and erery bclllty la afforded. It la not aa if a theatre had to be erected specially for it, or new scenery and costumes procured at a, great cost. All ol these can bo furnished In Cros by’s Opera House, at «ry little. If any additional expense. Operas, German, Trench and Italian, might he rendered, which ere not found In the standing repertoire of the troupes that visit ns, and would be entirely new. Such entertainments, we are confident, would ho liberally patronized. Another ■ su-gestion, had It beenfollowcd, would have : gone tar In supplying the deficiency, found in the absence of substantial patronage-that of public rehearsals. The season tickets : exclusively are sold for the concerts themselves, so single tickets exclusively , might bo sold for these public rehearsals. The hall has to be used In any event, and the ■ rehearsals being ajmost as finished as the concerts themselves, this plan would have clven those an opportunity of bearing them who do not possess season tickets, and would bare contributed largely to the sus taining fund. For this season, It la now too late to act upon these suggestions, perhaps, but they may be of service In precluding the recurrence of the present difficulties in the future. And, for the present, we advise the music-loving public to buy up the season tickets necessary to the continuance of the 1 concerts, for we feel justified In assuring it that they will be the best musical enter- I lalnmcnts which will be presented during the winter. DRAMATIC. The second of Bourcicault’s series of four plays ■which he promised to present this sea son, is bavins a long run in New York. “The Long Strike,” which is its title, la a melo drama with a little tragedy, in the shape of killing one man—a very moderate share of it for our modern drama. The scene is laid in a manufacturing town, where a rich, but tyrannical, proprietor falls In love with the daughter of an old employe. A young em ploye finds himself In the same uncertain state of mind in regard to the young woman, and here, of course, the affection is recipro cated. The old man has long cherished a hatred toward all rich and tyrannical manu facturers, and this one In particular. In or der to ventilate this hatred, he concocts a scheme for horning down the factory, which is discovered by the owner before maturity. The owner oilers to compromise, If the daughter will consent to become his mistress. He is referred to the daugh ter, and while talking the matter over with her, Is shot dead. Suspicion falls upon the other lover, who is arrested. But after a great many interesting scenes, and just before the young man is condemned, it I* discovered that the refractory old factory man d»<' »t Wnt&elf. 5c tbe two lovers arc made ineffably happy—how long does not appear, owing to the sudden termination oi the drama at this period. . ~_. The first of Bourclcault’s senes, The Fly ; p«*Scud” Is popular In London, several last horses having already been named after it \ novel fonnded upon it is about to ap pear in tbe shape of a J-'euillcton in the Glow IV'ona, an evening paper of London. Tge adoption ot the rtuilkton by the Tninfere will soon insure its appearance la all the leading papers of the world. Tbe third of Bourclcault’s plays Is entitled Down, or the Two Lives of Mary Leigh, and will he produced shortly. Rlstori’s Jdriiuue Ltcoumur is harohl> criticised In New York,principally on account of her which she cannot hcln very well, and overacting which she might help as well as not. Those who saw a charming little German actress, hi the North Side Ger man theatre a couple of years ago. named Vc«tvoll (no relation to the magnificent), will have a lasting impression of Aarienne be* courwr. which It would be dilllcult for Rls tori to dbsipate. ... , . Two Americans arc about to make their first appearance before a London publ'.c, Mm. John M ood and Artemus M ard. EUROPE. Onr Loudon Letter. The English Farmer and his Condition, Tlic Farnier-Bis Abject Con* tmlou—The Farmer*’ Club—Thins* In America—The Fanner* In Coun cil—An Engllfli Manufticinrcr on American Affalra-Cincas© in the Akceudant. of the Chicago Tribune.l London. November T, 1806. It will be a long day before we can look to the English farmer for co-opcratlon In any work of reform. In England large numbers ofaprlculturistsare merely “tenants at will.” If they oifcud the landlord they must give up the farm and move to pastures new. The abjeel state ofmost of our tillers of the soil Is a position on which no true Englishman likes to dwell. They have no freedom of action. They are virtually serfs. A few •weeks since I was in Essex, an agricultural county, and was thrown Into the society of .<cvcral formers. General politics were broached, and liberal sentiments ex pressed. Hearing them, I exclaimed, *;Bnt If these are your opinions, how Is it 'all your representatives In Parliament arc Tories ? ” They shook their heads, and one by one observed that voting at elections was a landlord’s matter. One gentleman—farm ing nearly one thousand acres, which Is a large form here,—told me that his two sons, who hold farms under a particular nobleman who was of the Tory school, haled election times, for after recording their names on the polling lists for their landlord’s nominee, they felt ashamed to speak to any one for the rest of the day. It is rarely the case that a fanner who Is a dissenter In religious con certs, can obtain a form from a conservative landlord. Even if he succeed*, he Is ex pected to be at church on all the festival days, and to subscribe to the church chari- as free trade Is betteiing the condi tion of the rcsto! the community, and as fo clUtics of Intercommunication with other lands arc multlpled, the farmer chafes nn der the restraints of his position, lie knows he is naked, which Ls more than could have been said of him twenty years ago. Bat what can he do? Land Is held in so few hands that there Is no competition for time. “Here” said one of the highest authorities wo have in matters agricultural, to the Centra! Fanners’ Club at their monthly meeting on Monday, “here wc ore so overpopulated that thou sands of young men arc unable to obtain suit able and remunerative employment, or to em bark In business with any lair prospect of success Farmers and their sons And it eonally difficult to settle. The consequence Is that rente in this country have been forced up to an artificial standard. What with an Increased rental, a higher rate of wages, a lower standard of prices, a greater risk from disease in stock, and nndimiuished taxation, I cannot see how the present race of formers, except a few favorably situated, can hope so to increase their caj-llal, as to become pos sessed of the means of starling their families In respectability.” But your readers may ask WHAT J 8 THE PAIIVEU* CLCB? Though the English formerls still deprived of political freedom: though ho has no ac lion of bis own In religious affairs, he has tho liberty given him of getting as much out of his ground os he can, not forgetting at the same lime, the Improvement he effects In his land lord’s property. English agriculture has shared with all the other arts In the benefits of modern discovery and Invention. Never was land so well cultivated as it is In Eng lax dat the present hour. And the present race of farmers know a good deal more than their fathers of the sister arts, and they read and think on scientific subjects: and they organize themselves Into societies or “Cuibs”’ for the purpose of comparing notes ▼ilh each other as to their experience and their theories. The Club among them, which is emphatically the representative of the formere throughout the conntry, was founded upwards of twenty years ago, I believe by the late William Shaw, who was for many years cditorol the Mark lonfEfpr<*i.=.nd who, 1 regret to sav, after a brilliant cun-eras a tanners’ writer, got into debt through a fu tile attempt to establish a cattle market la the metropolis, and died at the dLnrtngs. U Is railed T. - t-cnlra! EiSnSs’ Club.” Us moUnc held ►ii times a year In L-. un. oe lr n£C t w metropolis is the only i-cnJezvous that the fanners would be at all I Ikely to agree upon. The members come from all P-»rta the Kingdom, and among them are \bo Tcry ,/iW of fnghsk fanners. lou hear in their dl-cusiions the burr of Lincolnshire, the hroad accent of Essex, and the h sounds of the Somersetshire yeomen. Mainly they are tenant farmers, but some of them fill the double capacity of tenant and landlord. The late Fisher Hobbs was an Instant-?. Land lord* proper rarely come, and when they do,. they neverdine; and things are «ld»Wch Uis not agreeable for them to bear. The ssubiects discussed are of an eminently practl cM character. General politics are avoided The usual course Is for a paper to by a member who has undertaken one of the sub tle for the year. and who is always expect ed to tell something which he kuowsuom I'TDcrience. A discussion then ensnts, in Sch the questions raised arc viewed from Til -id Saud the principles propounded, tested by* the practical knowledge of farmer* from every district. The Club rooms ID which •hey meet are part of a hotel built by for med for the accommodation of persons of rtmir own class. An Illinois former on a visit to Londonwould find himself, were he to tflkenp his quarters in Salisbury Hotel, rift street. In the midst of brother cnltlva £ Wit! VMS STujr'ffii ’T st'ol ata &r^ leclDTC'drircn them on Monday S?/Mr J Bedford a cc c hl-iipd maker of agricnltnrtl Implements, whohavinßlu.lrct?rned fn;m the Cnitci States where he visited Indiana, Ohio, DU nols lowa. Pennsylvania, New Jersey and the New England Slates, determinedl to tey before the Club the results of his observa {lonsln a paper railed "Things In America.” TiIEF-V EMEUS IN COUNCIL. To hear this address the largest audience ever known In the history of tlie Ciub asoem bled. Since the wax tho United States uas grown In onr thoughts. America Itantlv before us. Not only the Irish peas ant deputed by Mr. Bright, but thousands of cultivated Englishmen, warning scope w their energies, ’Hum their eyes to the set ting sun.” And so we had a great gathering of formers to listen to American facts, on Monday. For Mr. Howard, let It be under stood that he had no anecdotes to tell, no “amusing” scenes to describe; bat only nlaln business details, entering Into the mar row of tho lives of grave and earnest men. As a rule the proceedings of the Farmers Pi oh are not reported la the ordinary polls- Mr"B&mrdS’remarks. JU« SSSSs SfefflsfiS^ £i°g° f „rerrtv s ?^ KVi?lUd the United States. Tie fo tra4 T , 'S ass zh 110 inrnr another favorite tfieme of tray. mmm?Ms &enmtonSented and troduecd V “omcofourpnhfewrlteia, in a rraj that r °, her people on the fc» *M£ of the Sfc «n d atT«SHI bulk of the people I PSrafcSf o’.& tSgS ragsfcsr.r'S ttiavellcd aorn^MO ilsfc^tsa; ind I met nflßthing bnl eivility and££ nteiutia The working class are wai uc bavcif and, as a rule, arc far better educated and more Intelligent thau our own. The wealthier elaea IjSnn 4 «. b ?, c °“T'tndeld. snsss? ,r hc consin, Michigan would be th £ n f ~ JTn crowing and slock raising; but he was in* i cllne lo ihiffkAhaUinorc money was tobe made out ofaSßwlnc and cotton, and that hro was olßw4»P» in North Carolina, T«as ai?(l <3BSK Thc lecture brUtlcd 4itU farts and p»t» illustrative of tme and of“Uungß” generally m America. After thepapcruaiQjeen read, a dlacustlon sprang up, the principal interest oi which iii’on tuc question— how far the United slates Vurthwestera portion and the caro- Unas were/desirable as settlements tor the son® Of UriiMi farmers. It was evident that to most in the room no prejudice would Interfere with what might appear prudent from a material point of view" aid it was hinted that the subject mP-lit well of a discussion JJjiyin the enofl^Kr^li»e impossibility eh of finding farms Hb+iuir >on9l^^Byc^ us ‘ u tf them to tbiuk * ou-IVo the West. Chi -smm was rereaKr'*Wtn of-it was ah luded to at lecture itselt-and in on.' the JfiHRT Who dwell uuon the inarvclloufjesources ollus dUlrict, and the vast cxra«rn.of the aly, was Mr. Wilkin*, who it appear.-, w - as lor twelve years a British Consul In your midst. One or two American gentlemen spoke, but there was nothing in their remarks calling for notice. CHICAGO .\-cesuaxt! Evcrv one who returns to Europe from the United'States blows the fume of Chicago. It is becoming a proverb. Wc don t say when we want to illustrate the rapidity of an act that it is like Joc-ih’s gouid, but .like Chicago. In fact, if you will pardon me for saving so, the subject is a little of a bore. If l take up the Untied:* Ihur JLToude*, I Hud on the tin* or second page that I sec, some startling French adjectives, or popular inter jcctoral expressions applied to .the Ul> ol Chicago. If I look into a religious masa zinc. I find a lengthy account of .the sums which are spent every yearon religmus ohiecls by that miraculous city, Chicago. This morning as I left my home in the su burbs, 1 saw on the dead walls, as 1 got near to town, flaming Placards announcing a lee turc bv a popular Baptist minister,! he Ucv.\\. Brock*, ou “From London to Chicago—out. In the papers—and here lam not bored at all —I tee the Chicago Tuipune quoted as Irc ) fluently ae the New York Hn-nUt or unun. Even these letters of mine wend their way hack in some extraordinary manner and meet 1 me In the columns ol our provincial journals 1 among the “original contributions of the week. If wconlv had quicker communication with vonr city, If some of the great schemes now revolving In men’s minds arc but carried out, Chicago will cut Kew lork out of men’s minds so far as is Europe concerned. Mav it he so! I have learned to detest the prevailing spirit of the Empire City; its po litical parties; and the greater portion of its press. It looks to me like a bad European town with such vices as are peculiar to \mcrica grafted on to it. The fresh breezes from the West are infinitely purer and more bracing. . R * R * AUSTRIA. Francis Joseph on UN Tour In Bohe mia* The Emperor of Austria has addressed the following autograph letter to the Governor of Bohemia CBBUDnr, 4, tfidd. Sir Deah CocSTDEßonisincn 1 take leave of my beloved Lingdotr of Bohemia With mt heart touched bv the new and numerous marks or Jiff if a cr.d ctTOcfitnent which every clas* of society In the capital and In the oonmrr has been eager to civo me. 1 have convinced myself personally of rise terrible blows which the war has Indicted on the public weal of the whole country, and the com i.lalnUof the population which baa so much have found an ecno in mr heart. I rank among my most sacred duties as sovereign, that ot promptly hrallog these hastening as much as possible the payment of the Indemnities for the damage caused, and tn assisting the restoration of well being so eeverclr tried. Jhe aflccllon and fldri- Itr which I bate everywhere met with in Bohemia, and which have accompanied aud sunonnded me, are lor me the surest pledge o! the accomplish n ent of my desires, which have only In new the bcppluessofmy beloved people. I thank once -pore bit faithful Bohemians for the pleasing aen sailors'l have lately experienced; aud 1 also thank them in the name of the whole empire, which rect’iinlaes one of the gee-tea’ support* ol lit* power atd prosperily In the co-operation, fldclliy aud strength of my Bohemian peopie. J Paascis Joarrn. Mp. Gladstone’* Intrrrletr \rIU» Uio puntm; [From the Corrlero lUllano, of Florence, 2*ov. 9.1 1 ! Mr. Gladstone fot-nd tbc Pope calm os I usual. They did not speak ot politics till I near the close of the conversation. Ills Roll- 1 necs complained of the Au*trlan Govern ment, while admitting that the events In 1 Germany had rendcn.d it unable to assist the I Eoly See, and he almost excused the conduct I of toe Vienna Cabinet. Mr. Gladstone con- I gratnlated him upon the arrival of the An- | tibes Legion at Rome. The Pope said to this “Terrestrial legions have the defect of I often missing the object they aim at. Be- I sides, what matters it to me what may hap pen? Believe me that, when the breach I have gone I shall be none the less protected, seeing that the legions which defend the Church are never wanting,” and Uls lloli- I nesa raised bis eyes to Heaven. I Mr Gladstone turned the conversation I npon Italy, and he asked what truth there I might bo in the preliminaries for negotia- I lions with the Government of Florence, I mentioned In the papers. This is what the I Pope answered: “I do not road the journals, I anion this subject I know nothing what ever. All I know Is that when I die / sAart I not tear* to my successor the sacred and In- | violablc heritage of Saint Peter.” The conversation respecting Italy having ceased, Ireland was spoken of, and the Pope wartnlv recommended to Mr. Gladstone bis well-beloved Cock. Then, smiling,he added: | “If I am obliged, ns tome say, to leave Rome, even although Ireland he distant from the centre of Christianity, I would not perhaps disdain to take np my abode there. • Malta a place almost altogether commercial, • now that the revolutionists have begun to accuse my poor clergy of simony, would not i have my preference.” In conclusion, he L said he would go wherever Providence deter mined—that great Providence which never • jailed to judge men who were not eternal, i In uttering these words the Pope showed 1 much emotion. Tobacco Consumed in Europe. I In the cltv of Hamburg, Germany, the I manufacture of tobacco gives employment to more thin 10,000 peraonj, »ho torn oat 150.000.000 cigars a year, valued at S2,(XW,UW- I From Havana and Manilla, Hamburg Im- j ports 18,000,000 cigars a year, making an I aggregate, IncludingUoown production, of cigars, 153.000.000 of which were exported, leaving 15.000,000 for home con* I cWpption —alios mg 40,1X0 ehrarsa day to an oAll male population of land, with a population ol -1,000,000 la lb-1, the consumption of tobacco was 1.».305,15L rounds, an average of 12 ounces per head for the entire population; In 1331, with a popn lation of 34,410,430, the consumption reached 19 533 341 pounds, or 13 ounces per head; in 1341. population 27,019,072. consumption o» S& 3CO pounds, or 13}* onnccs per bead ; Ind in ISSL population 27,452,002, the con sumption was 2.3.0*32,341 pounds, or 17 onnccs of tobacco per bead—showing a steady in crease. In France, the consumption of to bacco Is ISK ounces per head, nearly half of which is snuffed. In Denmark, in 1343, it was 70 ounces per head: and in Belgium it averages about 7UK ounces per head. Hen Hi of an Edinburgh Celebrity. I The StoUman has a pleasant sketch of the I life of the late Bernard Barker, known In ius I o»n neighborhood as the “King of the I Cowcatc." He was renowned for his bene- I volence. Often eccentric he never faßed to I aid the poor. His public charities were I large in comparison with his means. Bnt.ms I private bcneiicllons were Innumerable. Tno I Scotonansays: On Saturday evening he re gularly laid In a large store of loaves, which I he unostentatiously distributed among the 1 poor families on the Sunday, and bad It not been for Mr. Barker's loaf many a beggar prohibited from “goi□^oat. , on Sunday, would have had to go without food all d»y. But it was not alone by direct chanty that ] Mr. Barker effected good. He encouraged honesty, frugality, the habit of well doing and thrift among the laboring classes, amid whom he dwelt. He became banker on be half of the poor. Invited them to lodge small •urns with him at stated periods, to enable them to pay the rent; purchase a new suit of clothes or any such thing. It is not surpris ing that the funeral procession of such a man should have “extended to upward of a mile, from five to eight persons walking abreast.” TUB BUUA.V QUESTION. NUDoleon’a Arr.n~.mcnt. for the “ Pro- Section” of tlie Pope. [From W. Aeenrdinlr to information which we have rcreWedTtbe mission of General Fienry is Side subordinate on the previous settlement of the question relative to the repartition of the Roman debt. Ilia dcsthiation will be tides be Florence, and not Rome. The Em nercr’sGovernment, is the Minister of Stale ha* fretmently declared in the Chambers, and the Marquis dc ia Valette recently repeated in his cue alar addressed to bis diplomatic •ircnU abroad, is firmly resolved to protect j ciicacionsly the Pope, not only In his quali- ‘ tv of Head of the Church, bnl also as a top* , noS sovereign. The Court of the Toilcrics , ? 9 therefore desirous that no misunderstand- , exist to tbo practical Interprets- i Sob of the Convention of the 15th of Scp tloDOiiu object the eventu 1 diUes thal may arise alter the departure of &Tho^l b obl^t n o F f^e C mUslon U tJ*bcc a o C n- c leave Puna to resume tnS^ C Jnt y on C h e eJnveo£onomolstb e£ 3% Em peror Napoleon, lrf« to that nhle diplomatist a mark °f “?Jk?otlM for him valuable services, has decided on raising uuu to the dignity of Senator. The Mope* of Italy. [Florence °' Tn anile of the efforts of the clerical party, the Roman question’has entered Into a com paratively satisfactory slate. In cal circles no great importance la attached to the late allocution ol the Pope, seeing that It Is only arc petition of the olfaccimtlonsand protests which issue from the ll P s . of „ r *H* f\ whenever ho pionounoes a solemn ad dre®9. On the other hand, the Holy had blessed Italy for the first time s ‘ ncc lfJ ;> and bad declared that hlaanns are open to receive his lost sheep. His language, con sidered in connection with the concessions recently made by the Italian GoTeromcnt, justifies the confidence that is agreement. It may now be considered cer tain that the Italian Government reckons on resuming,after the king’s return from \czilcc, the negotiations lately broken oQ, and that SigLor Vegezzi will recommence at Rome the preliminary arrangements respecting the return of the bishops, the appointment of new ones, and the reorganization of the epis copal dioceses. __ FROM SAS FBAJfCISCO. Fine Weather—Celebrities In California —Death of an Adventurer—A Diamond Wedding and a Fiasco— Paclilc Cod- Ij.ji—i Xew Class of Laborers--Official Imbroglio In Sacramento. (Correspondence of lb® Chicago Tribune. 1 Sas Feak cisco, October M, ISCG. We are uow iu the midst of the bllll, warm eca-on which follows the cold, windy sum mer and precedes the “ rainy season of San Francisco. The days are cloudless and still, the ain just warm enough to Induce a slight lassitude and indisposition to labor, without being absolutely uncomfortable, and the ni"bts starlight, or moonlight, wonder fully beautiful. Such nights for tearing aiou" the Cliff House road behind a pair of fast 'trotters, or on the back of a boundiirg cuMio with your friends yelling like mad in -.he rear—just enough Iu the rear, that is. to put your animal to his fastest speed! And ect here I am shut up iu the office day and nicht like a bear in a cage, panting to he out, and yet a hopeless prisoner. CELEBRITIES. Queen Emma ol Hawaii has come and gone. Out Government sent her home rojalfy on the magnificent Vanderbilt, and we have a dearth ol celebrities among us just at this moment. All wo have now to trot around and lionize, is ex Governor Kennedy, of British Columbia, who goes home on the steamer ri<i Panama to-morrow. having been recalled. The Provinces of BrilishColumbia i and Vancouver will non- be reunited, both i having been pauperized by the insane at -1 tempt to support two Colonial Government?, I where there was not half population a.id wealth enough for one. British Columbia and Vancouver are played out, ami deea-aa irg rapidly in population and business. The Governor was taken out to the Presidio to day ami treated to a review of the Second I niu-d Slaus Artillery; then to Point Sau j o se and treated to a champagne lunch. General McDowell aud stall' doing the hon- I or*. All passed oil' pleasantly, save at the I review, when the premature discharge of a 1 cannon tore the arms oil* from the body of a i soldier who.hud served four years in the ■ armies of the Union, and passed unscathed through the fire of Gettysburg to the WUdcr nc=* 'ami Gram’s campaign before Rich* I mend. This little incident brings to my 1 mind another which occurred a few days 1 since. It Is the HEATH OF A NOTABLE MAN. Herman Ehrcubcrg was a German by birth, ami came to America while yet a boy. He wus in the campaign for Texan independence Ir. isw and was one of the 357 men who sur rendered under Colonel Fannin to General Uirca and in violation of the terms of sur render, were taken out m four divisions, and *llOl down iu cold blood. When his division kneeled to die, and the soldiery fired, he re maiued kneeling unharmed, while all bis brave comi*onlons rolled In their dying a- ouics in liie dust. He looked around as one in a stupor, saw that the smoke covered the- firing party,sprangto hla feet and darted off at full speed. Strange to say, boy though he was, he made good his escape, and suc ceeded in reaching Texas alive, the ouly sur vivor ol the whole force. Mr Ehreuberc came to California In lb 4», i a rd bus resided on the coast since. After the discovery of gold he went to the placers, and sometimes was miner and sometimes civil engineer. He engaged in many specula tions. and was the leader of the party wuich di-’covcrcd the mouth ol the Klamath River, and laid off a town there in ISSO. He made his h« me for a time in San Francisco, aud when Southern Arizona was purchased he went thither aud engaged iu milling for sil -1 ver aud copper, which has been his mum oc -1 enpation Lr the lasi, few yqar?. He was a nrn o! h!"h scientific attainments and was regarded os one of the leading men of Ari zona. After passing through a thousand dan gers on the frontier, this brave, kind-hearted, "i-mroua man died at the hands of the Skulking Cblmaheuris or llcppor Hnalapis while coming back to civilization and almost within the line of settlements. He had start ed acrot-s the desert from La Paz, Arizona, to Sau Barnardinos, California, and when half wuy across stopped lor the night at the Hot spring of Dos Pclmas, one of the most dcso lateand burned up spots on the face of God’s footstool. In the night, while lying on the ground ontaide the single hut which marks the spot, he heard a nohe, and going out to where his horse wits lied, was shot dead by the Indians who bad come skulking down f.om their strongholds in the fastnessess of the desolate Glacier Mountains. SENOU MORETO OUTDONE. Do you remember one Senor Moreto, who set half Chicago mad a few years since—lt mav be ten or twelve —1 ime flies so last I can bufdlv keep track ofthc years—gave a mag nificent party—or rather Invitations for one —and mizzled, leaving his numerous friends «»out and Injured” to mourn his loss to so ciety and their own folly? I do ifyondonot. Welt, we have our “Baron de Estralla,” otherwise Doctor De Castro, the “oculist, aurist and chiropodist.” to offset Senor Mo relo. He is a fine looking man. Claims to be ft Hungarian or Italian Baron by right of birth, and to be vastly ilch, bat so devoted to the pursuit of science that he cares noth ing for rank, position, glory or native land. He is a man of fine appearance and unlimited cheek. In the Atlantic States he would be called an “adventurer;” in California ho Is called a “bilk.” Exceedingly Im pressible, he has eoughtfemale society inces santly, and several times came near effecting an alliance with the highest fitmilles of our State—one of them being that of a former Mexican Governor ol California. Ills last ad venture in this line occurred on Saturday last, and as It had some points peculiarly Californian in Its style I will borrow the de tails of It from the Alta of to-day, despite Its the hour of noon on Saturday a * trainer was seen to leave her wharf on the city front ana head towards the Alameda short, carrying an unusually large, nchlj dressed and fashionable array of passengers; and at the seme time a sou torr horseman was seen descending a till. That steamer was the Louisa, anti yho “bore a bridal utrtT nmnbcrtte one hundred ladles and gentle men, dressed with all’he care befitting an escort ofthat description in the highest walks of society; that solitary horseman modesty forbids ns to mention more particularly, and that hUJ was Telegraph BUI slightly cct down in the ricinuy of Broadway, lie* gay party had been to \iled to visit San Antonio to ''lmvsa ana grace the ceremony of the marriage of a dis tinguished foreigner, belonjing to one of the learned professions, albeit engaged In practising as a specialty one of the hnrnblcr branches there of, and a Baron-no, Count, by right of birth in Hnrgarr—a great number of hungry Loua-i hare emigrated from that country ol uta-asd one of the Guest ot the law daughters of the lo.ely sub urban dty of San Antonio. “ All went merry aa amsnure bell ” (or belief until the partyarrived ■tUrachtuch, which was ahead? nearly dlled wi ih the friends of the bride, comprising.the riffs of Mimeda County. Five clergymen- with ,a Bishop ai their head, were present In stole and surplus to nerlorm the ceremony, and such an array 01 siUcs and laces, while kids and dress coats. “ fur woman and brave men,” the sun never shone noon. The preparations for the event were on ihc grandest scale, a dinner comprising eil the delicacies of the season, carriage?, flower?, and in fact .everythin:: which conldadd eclat to lbc occasUon were provided In abund ance. The cMlact bridegroom accompanied the narty from this dty, and fi was nnders.ood that its ceremony wa« to beperfonned at once on the ISvUatthe church. rial there camo a pause, there was a bitch in the aodthc per formance did rot go off. The! bridegroom and were present, also the friends of both patties in great numbers, but the bride wdbrides maids, and Immediate family of the fitr bride, were not there. People began to whisper, and ft lomri, the brtdecroom; hrtaeerootn teejn to fidget and look uncomfortable. At Icnglh bo advanced to the Bishop, assured Mm that there wjs some-mistake, a misunderstanding about the S£e. or mu tilic of that sort, and the bride would floubtlrts be there poco (tempo. A little time past end people get _ impatient. Xtben »vjor General Joan C. Fremont, the Path finder of Empire, etc., etc., while in command ba Missouri discovered that be tad left his toorii pl<* at bis palace on starting out for the expedi tion to Cape Glrartfean, he exclaimed. “Stop the boat! Order op seventeen carnages tv and biing the articleV’ Our bridegroom Imi tated him in sene respects, but remembered the maxim of Franklin, “If you want a thing done. *0 yourself: If net, send your friend;” acted on Tt. and disappeared In a carriage and n.cloudl of duat toward the residence of one of the bi_ gnns” of San Antonio, with whom dwelt the fair bride. Alack, a day! . _ ~ , -There was running and racing 0 cr Canoble lee, ne’er-til! they' Alter a time the bridegroom relumed with a Eomewba’ aeetfallen appearance, and advancing to die altar informed the expecting company that, •* owing to unexpected circumstances, over which be tad no control, the ceremony was unavoidably nostnoned for one week.” Daraness fell over the See* of the sssinnhlcd multitude, and one of the SS™S took off bis stole and quietly stole out of the back door. Then came indignant Inquiries as to ihe “ unexpected circumstances.” An ex olanation was wanted, and it wasnot long In com toff The brother of tne bnde that was not to be. Interned a few particular friends In confidence, that the bridegroom bad faffed to connect on pecu niary matters. On the day previous to the wed dire he had called on him (the brother) to say. that though of noble birth and untold wealth, ensiles (in Spain), lands and moneys, he bad been m able to collect in any portion of the vast •una which he had loaned out on bona arid mortgage. From the ungenerous, narrow and selfish policy pursued by ©“ leading banking bouses, be bad been uaable to effect;a temporary loan, and. like Maximilian, bad got Into a condition of Might meat, and he would lie obliged to very Might, - favor. Owing to ihe BtrGgency or the money market be had concluded not to pnr cha-e a niw stilt of clothes for the wedding, but bad succeeded In baring his old clothes so reno vated that the public would never be the wGer, and In fact, that tcey looked “just as good as new ” De had managed that portion of the affile S.onclf. boTbi’lSiUd iSnb. ca*b wiib which to nay amaff bills for catxlMc biro, bouquets—of which be had provided one for «ach member of the company—ett, etc. bow would the brothci-tu-law* tbit wm to be, oblige tb- dUtiticnilsbed bridegroom wUh al:mpomy iSm of Wfe It would oe ■ crtat favor under the r_ °* friTTn. and if the coin VM not COUTCTlOBt would even congeal to accept lie SSJBSIIu I.’, regal d lo Ihcmalter, ul ended hr ad“i«l“." Ihe briSc'-ln eipecLIDCJ-to de Ue Pho toot bis advice, and tint fa he s£‘,iSlj. “More in sorrow than in mr.-t • the ?o»pJy poured forth from t-e cMreu. “ If fro« a funcici, each. however, lakinc with him _ ° r , hw a bouquet *» they went, lo aerve as a souvenir of the moumlul c\eDl The hard-hearted brother had the cruelty to add insult to injury, and poke bis fiat in the disappointed Baron’s eye. I had for gotten to say that the illustrious Baron, Count or Doctor Is said, by those who pro fess to know, to be a mixture of Low Dutch and Portuguese, and that he knows not a word of the Magyar or Italian languages. Prom this grand j:a.-co among the codfish aristocracy of San Francisco, to connsu pore and simple, the transition is easy and natural. 1 wrote you last year that we should become independent of the East, in the matter of codfish, within another year, and the facta already more than bear me out in my assertion. It is now demonstrated that we have on the northwest coast of the Continent, banks frequented by codfish to an almost unlimited extent, and the fish ora more numerous, finer and more easily caught and cured than those on the other side. This vear some dozen vessels, fitted out here for this trade, and *hc catch has been immense. Every vessel so fax has returned loaded. The Active came in vesterday from the sea of Ockolska, with 45,000 fish, and the amount already received is equal to fri4 tons, or I.ScSjUX) pounds of dried fish, while half a dozen vessels are still to come in. Thu BulUtin says: ‘•The necessity for Eastern importation no loukc cxMj. Ite catch this season has not only de monstrated that we can supply onrown market Tacaier home end with better fish, hnttnal we can become e xporters, of the article to less footed localities.” A 3TEW CLASS OF LACOEEtI*. Hitherto all the Chinese who have sought the mines of the Pacific Coast have been con tent to wash the placers only, pretending to no experience or skill In quartz mining, hat the establishment of a steamer line to i. tuna has called forth from their hiding place in the far interior of China, experienced quartz miners who propose to come hither next season, and lend a hand in the development of our quartz ledges. All the world Allows | that the Chinaman wastes nothing and works evervthing so as to save the lasfllimc; whatever be attempts lo do he docs 1 Now, we lose in washing all our quartz i ledges, from one-fourth to three-fourths c{ 1 the* cold in some share, and I venture to I predict that if these Chinese miner? really I come among us thev will Introduce a better 1 system, even if it is a less expensive, showy I and imposing one Hum that on which our 1 mines ate now worked. President Johnson ha.- eommUted one prove error In California, an e;ror which will po far to trin Irom him even the little popularity he bad enjoyed here. I allude to the removal of A very as Assessor of In ternal Kevenue at Saora'mento, and the ap rointment of cx*n*>viruor BL’ler in his place. As to the removal of Avery, that amounts to nothing. or next to it, as nobody here cares a cent about him either Tray; but the appointment of an old line Breckin rUce democrat in his place is one of those unaccountable Ireaks of roadnesswhich takes evtrvbody bv surprise. Bigler is ulcn- Utit d with the “Peace Democracy, if not absolute*}- a sympathizer with secession, and his an ointment took the whole fclalc aback. What earthly object he could have in mnklnp such au appointment Is more than am body here can coujeouuv. Avery refuses to pivc up his office on the technical must lon of the ripht of the President t*» make removals while Congress is net m ses sion. Altamonte. SEW E3SGLA33). The Intent Sensation m the “Hob”— I'llulit of Prominent Aier* chants—immense Defalcation*. {From Use New York World. J Boston*, November 21.—' The excitement in mercantile circles over Hie absconding a business firm of our city still contiau ■<. Tbcir names were 11. E. Bartow and Ediou —‘•Edson «fc Co.’’—commission merchants, dols-S business at Xo. 25 Federal street, and Use unpaid accounts they have left bch'nd than will mount up to well-nigh c-W.OJO. Edson arrived lu our city some alx immtlis sluce, reporting himself as hailing front Philadelphia, and formed soon aster a co partnership with Baratov, who was m the lioop.«kirt business, and htood well in the community. Th- firm succeeded in obtain inc recommendations of good standing fn»n» sundry mercantile agencies, and fortified with these, they readily obtained goods not onlv from firms in this city, but in other cities and towns throughout the State. The go* da thus secured consisted of lurs. Jewelry, feather slock, hoots and shoes, ere., Ac., all of which were sold them without any other security than the recommendation oi the mercantile agcncie*. IVhat they did with the articles is not known precisely, hut the belief is that they shipped them to Now York, whole they were knocked off under the hammer, and with the proceeds of the <ale the patties lied to Canada, where re noiU current this p. m- say they now arc. One jewclrv firm in this city was victim ized to the extent of several thousand dol lar- Most of the sufferers, however, will get oil w ith a loss of five hundred dollars or thereabouts, each. AXUitIEU ACrorNT. Bostok, November 21. An extensive case of swindling, by which a number of our merchants arc minus to the emount of tome SIOO,OOO, has Just trans pired Your correspondent ascertained yes terdav that a store in Federal street, recent ly occupied by a firm styling Itself Messrs. U. E. Barstow, Edson a Co., commission merchants, had been found vacated, in which only some half dozen pairs of boots and a few articles otladles’ apparel were found, but not being able to unravel too m> story connected therewith, awaited devel opments. It now appears that th- firm had ab sconded, leaving behind hills amounting tu * lar c sum. Edson came to tuis city from Philadelphia, and associated with him Mr.E. II Bar-tow, of this city, formerly engaged in the hoop-skirt business. In order to give character to this new partnership, an en dorsement by the mercantile agencies was obtained. Starting out with this as their capital, as It appears, they easily ob’alned coeds on fix months’credit from a Iwc# number of firms in this city, and also of boot and shoe dcaletsin Milford, Lynn, Natick, Braintree, and other places. These goods consisted of jewelry, furs, leather stock, lan kco notions, etc., and, strange as it may seem, they obtained them without giving any security. Thev managed their game so well that thev quietly shipped their stock In in stallments to your city, where It has been disposed of by auction, and the proceeds oL the sales taken to Canada by Lhc enterpris ing firm. . . , , r „ The first suspicions aroused were on Mon day last. The residence of Edson in Brook line was visited, hut the bird had flown, as also had Barstow. ... * Officers are at work in regard to the mat ter but as vet no eaUs&etmn has been oo laincd. Tbc’porlies swindled were not slow to make known the fact, but for obvious rex* sons they decline furnishing either the.r names or their los«cs. Barstow gave respec tability to the Ann, as he stood high among our leading merchants. It 1s hoped the guilty parties can be un earned In Canada, and brought to justice under the Extradition Treaty. Several of the victims in this transaction have been compelled to close their doors. FAILVBB AT cnZLSBA— STILL OTHKU *AU.CBES BVUOBED. Chzlssa, November 21. An extensive tanner of this place Is an nounced this morning as having failed. His liabilities are not known. There are also rumors of two or three failures of shoe man ufacturers in a neighboring town, the disas ters having been precipitated mainly by the recent severe fall in the wholesale prices ox boots and shoes. Fashions tor Jfovember. Dav by day the diminution In the width and length of dresses may be perceived, al though up to the present time only In walk ing Jresfes. For the evening wear the skirt retains Its graceful length. The “Empire” make is more and mor e cist on the bias, ana with a short waist, the upper part of the breadths being very narrow and sitting close to the figure, whilst at tth bottom they arc lelt their full width, and, indeed, have'addi tional cores put in, reaching a short distance up the skirt. Peplumsof the same malarial as the dress are still in favor, particularly for mil and evening dress. Materials of a thick and rich texture now make their appearance as the colder weather approaches. For visiting dress plain silks will be preferred to those with a pattern, though stripes arc stm worn, and this is casilv accounted for; the style of wearing a colored jupon with the akirt over, frequently of a different color, necessitating that ft should be plain. Thcsamc fashion also causes black taffetas to be much In favor. Plaid la likely to be much used for trim mirp, both for dresses, petticoats, and < nt of-door garments, and even bonnets. It la specially suitable as a trimming for black taffetas; for instance, the dress trimmed with a bias of the same material down the front, whh a row of plaid buttons upon It, and a petticoat and small circular of the same plaid. . . . .. Speaking of trimmings, we must not onus to mention that jet seems likely to be one of the most fcishionable. Cameo ballons also, of Khenlab stone or lava, as well as an endless variety of passementerie, are much admired. Dresses arc also trimmed witli biases of satin edged wlthapipingof another color; thus, a nut-brown taffetas, with a bias of satin of the same color, bordered cn each side with a piping of pink velvet. Rouleaux of satin form a pretty trimming. Small bodies of colored taffetas, with a gnlmpe of muslin or embroidered Jaconet, make a very disUnguc finish to thetoUet, and can be worn with different dresses. The little corslets have very fine Imperceptible steels In them; they are frequently trimmed with black or white guipure. There are gome charming bodies made of chachemlre, quite plain, without plait, and embroidered entirelv over with small white or blackheads. The same Idea has been very tastefully carried out on a morning dress made of sky blue' cachemlre, the two breadths in the front opened, being covered with white heads; the large revers on the sleeves, the epaulettes, and the front of the tody embroidered to.match. . There is an effort being made in some ol our leading houses to make the bonnets more bonnet-like, but at present the “Catalano* and the “Lamballe*’ are very perceptibly the favorites. Some are being worn without strings, or verv narrow ones tied under the chignon; whilst others, on the contrary, have only a very small ornament placed on the summit of the head, with a large bar be of lace carried across, so as to completely cover It, and tied in a large bow under the chin ; but, doubtless, aa the winter sets-10, a more comfortable coiffure will make its appearance, and should the old honnet fomer davs once more become to S That””- clcTt’r modSa new coiffures equally charming-— U FM. Tiro men fired at an eanlo at the earn# ttal killed him. “in trishman ob -1 - “They miaht hare eared thetc tUZder and shot, tor the Ml would haTO. tilled him.” V %