Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, November 26, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated November 26, 1866 Page 2
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Chicago DAILY, TBI-WEEKLY AM) W EEKXY. OFFICE* No. 31 CLABK.ST. Tberv are tores editions of the Tsmnm issued. Ist Every momlnz. for circulation by carrier*, newsmen u* me malls. 5d- The Tti-WKxxvr, Monday*. Wed nesday* and Friday*, (or thr mails only; and the ' winir, on Thursday*, tor tbe malls aad sale at oar counter andbv newsmen. Term* of the Chicago Trlbwoe; pally delivered tn the city (per week) * 23 « “ - •* (per quarter).... 3.2 J Dally, to malt subscriber* (per annum, pay*- l>Vln advance) ... 1-.00 Trl-WcrAly. (per a:mm. payable In adranct) 0.00 Weekly, (per annum, P*T*«'e In advance)...,, tt.oo jp* Fractional parts ot the year at the tame rates, nr- pmons reminds and ordering five or more co?sr* of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editions, may retain ten per cent of the subscription price as a c~mral*ton.. Koncx to Prwcsmres.—ln ordering the addreas ol ▼our paper* chanced, to prevent delay, be sore and fpecl/v wlut edition yon take-Weekly, TrJ-WeekJy, or Daily. AUo, clveyonrrssskSTandfature address. Money, by Draft, Expwa, Honey orders, or In 11-ciitered Wttcf9,m«ybescnt*toartlßk. Address, TiiIHL.VE CO., Chicago, 111, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 1860. AN ILLINOIS STEAMBOAT CANAL, The importance of the enlargement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal has been dis cussed so long and so thoroughly that there h but one opinion among,the people of Illi nois upon the subject. Tho necessity ol the woik has, however, been brought to their knowledge by costly experience. The canal as it stands Is of but comparatively small value to the public as a means of transporta tion. The only available means of transpor tation in Illinois arc the railroads,' and of there arc now no competing lines. The producers have therefore to submit to whatever extortionate tariff of freights that may be demanded. The rail road combinations are complete, aud there is no relief. It is the same in all parts of the State; the roads running north and south, cost and west, have a monopoly of the bad ness, and arc dictators as to rates of freight. A steamboat canal connecting lake Michigan and Cairo by way of the Illinois and Missis sippi rivers, and the Illinois River at La* Salle with the Upper Mississippi at Rock Island, while It would furnish additional fa cilities of transportation would have the effect of serving as a wholesome regulator upon railroad freights. Had we that canal now in operation, the existing extortion of which there is so much complaint would not exist. Ills proposed to deepen and widen Ibe Illinois uud Michigan Canal to LaSalle, will proper trim t.uU, so as to admit of the pas* sage of (irst-claos steamboats swell as now navigate the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. from LaSalle to the Mississippi the ncccs sary locks uud dams can be placed on the Illiuois River ao as to secure a navigation of that river at all limes. This canal will l-c opcu from April to December, or eight months in every year. It would supply a sate and reliable and cheap of transportation for .the cnUrc crop of the whole region drained hr the carml. tbippers to Cairo or farther south cau uely railroad exactions by tending their pi.iducts iliiect fromanypoint onthccxnal by water, v.Ubuut breaking bulk or requi rin': extra handling. Steamers from Pilts br.rgh, with iron or other freights, dan • biiuL r that freight to Chicago and ail Inter mediate points, at rates tbit would be aston b-birg compared with the railroad tariffs of th ;l. -~v llL J ay . i his work Redone fjrasumlcss than twelve millions ot aon*.- i; that is to say, the canal to the Mississippi Hirer, and the feeder fur $-4,600,000, and the cobirge mcul of the Illinois auJ Michigan (Jaual and inpmvcnuiTit. of the Illinois River fur $7 .000,(00. How is this sum of money to be raised ? The Constitution provides that the Slate shall cuutracl no debt exceeding $50,003, without submitting the law creating that debt to the people to be voted upon at the next general election. To provide in that way for the means to construct these works is to post pone any action until after the election In November, ISOS. But there U another, a bet ter, a more expeditious way; and that Is the assessment and collection of a tax of two mills annually upon Ibc taxable property of i the State, the proceeds of this tax to bo ap- j plied exclusively -to this work. Had tbe ! State of Ulluol*, as all other States have, a Board for the equalization of taxes, our sys tem of revenue vould be much more complete. Counties that new escape with light taxa tion, and counties where the valuation U ex cessive would then share la proper proper* tions the taxation of the State. In round numbers the taxables of Illinois, under a fair system of valuation would reach and a two-mill tax would produce annually one million of dollars. The Legis lature can impose this tax and appropriate the proceeds lirst for the enlargement of tht Mf| Illinois and Michigan Canal and-Improvement peibaythe Illinois River; and secondly, for the "‘ruction of the canal to the Mississippi 1 fThiTlUli Troi 'k would actually be one ° t rf V r OTO r'=tca under this process, before borrowing system, tho preliminary ‘ •♦V‘on could be approved by the people ~u. r tax be oppressive f 7Vc think not, think that on the contrary it will ho mure than returned to the people. The con struction ofthesc canals will open at once a comj*ctition with the railroads. In. Ohio they have two canals of shallow depth and narrow width; these run from the northern to foe southern parts of the State. The Legislature of Ohio bns been importuned for years tofcll these canals to the railroads. The SUteVts refused. It leased them to indi/id uals without charge, on coudiion that they should he Ytcpl /In repair, and that tbe tolls shall never weed a rate established by tbe 6tate. Smi/ and insignificant ns there canals arc corap/cd to those proposed to be built in this Slat, they 1 have served as a regulator of .freight tariffs on tnc rail of the Ohio roads. The 1a ter arc unable to raise their rales as lon' os the cauclsare open to the public, and lie conse quence U, that there Is no complait la that State of extortion roads rith which the canals can in any vrt compete. Shippers have a choice of roves, on one of which the law fixes th tolls, and consequently, the other routwhsvc to make tbeir lari IT reasonable. As k Ohio, so will it bo In Illinois, but upon a- Wr scale. A man who now produces or? thousand dol lars worth of grain o» other article that U to be shipped, pa/athcr»on a bounty to the railroads In tit/ way of excessive charges ol not less yLu fifteen or twenty pt r cent, more than b-' would hate to pay If the canals wore « operation. Let these producers <gure out how long it vii; tali*- *‘>r them to pay to the railroads in :f:c wy of excessive freight a sum equal to n.ild these canals. The counties which Vr. on the line of these canals will not he the oily ones benefited, Xo railroad running ii the same general direction of these canals .an successfully compete with them as long' ov it demands an oppressive rate for freights. V. utcr will seek Its level. Freights will seek that iinana of transportation which is the thejpi-*st, and the produce of the State will Li:< vnabJr find its way to the canal, whenever transportation on that ca: al i.- cheaper than by rail. The moment these c;u.air- arc In operation, and as long as they remain the property of the State, and the rates oi toll arc regulated by Jaw, the railroad monopoly of which there is such an universe'curnplaint from ail parts of the Stale, w ill he broken tip. "Willi these canals in operation, the man at Dunleith can ship to Chicago or to Cairo, by rail or by water, as may be the cheapest. The man at Daven port or Clinton can do the same. He can then expe ct to be treated'civilly when ho asks for transportation, and if the price by one route does no suit him, be can take the other. The man al Peoria, Dixon, Dunleith, Hock Island, or I'hlcago, who wishes to send merchandise to Pill burgh,.or to have it brought from there, reed submit to no extortion by the railroads, as levy; us ho can send by canal and river. The people of Illinois, during tbe last three years, have paid to the railroads, Ip the shape of excessive charges upon freights, more tLaruenough money to build these canal Improvement?. We put the qr.c.-riou directly to these people—will yon pay annually a direct tax of from three to the millions »>f dollars, as a bounty for Inad equate railroad facilities, or will you pay one million per anndm for a few years to con struct these works, which will be to you and your posterity au enduring protection from railroad combinations and monopolies? Let* the people of the Slate think over this mat- Ur; lot them estimate the tax they now pay without any returns to the railroads, and compare that with the tax of two mills upon their tuxablcs for a few years. Let them cal culate which is the mo?t oppressive ; which will take more money from them. Let them remember that the tax they now pay to the rrilicads Is one that increases every year, aud will be perpetual. The other will be lor a few years only.pnd will then pnt an end to the railroad extortion. Let them figure out these things, and Instruct their Representa tives In the Legislature accordingly. ST* For the sake of showing the rapid growth of our State, it is a pity that a full xole was not cast In Northern Illinois. But the poor Copperjohnson party were so used tip, demoralized and discouraged that not two-thirds of them in a score of counties Tcnlured to show themselves nt the polls; and this utter lack of opposition rendered It unnecessary for the Republicans to put forth their full strength by many thousands of votes. llcucc the comparatively light vote In the Northern counties. An Inspection of the vole cast In all the contested counties ihows that an equally vigorous contest in the uiKontcstcd counties would hare added at Jc»*t 20,«X) to llie Kcpubllcau vole and 1 j,OOO to the Coppcrjohnsbn vote, making the Re publican vote of the State 223,000, and the opposition 107,003-—total 390,005. If this had been Presidential year, the poll of Illinois would have exceeded 400,000, as there are more than that many |of legal electors in our State at this lime. And with every vote polled the Republican majority would be just about GS.(WO. TBE NEW EBA IN LOUTSIANA. A great event has occurred In New Or leans. Tuesday, November 20tb, according to the journals of the Crescent City/is des tined to become memorable In the annals of the South. The greatest preparations were made for It; the newspapers, for weeks, In dulged in glowing descriptions and magnifi cent prophecies; al! classes ot population, all ages, sexes and colors came oat to see. The dignitaries and rulers of the land lent their august presence and active participa tion. The places of business were closed, that employe as well as employer might swell the multitude and witness the Impos ing ceremonies. High mass was celebrated In the Cathedral by Archbishop Odin. Even Frenchtown, which it was supposed could only be awakened to motion by an earth quake or a rebellion, was profoundly stirred oa this occasion. 3lonslenr, Madame, Mad emoiselle, to enfant*, all came forth from be hind their wooden shutters, and showed Ibemsclvc* In the streets In a body. Oa the morning of the grand event the Commercial declared that tl*» day was the beginning of a new year, a new eta, the *• dale of the origin of progress.” In fact, Tuesday seems just now to be regarded as the first day of the year one in N«w Or tons. Lest The reader should bant with cariosity to leant the canseof all this excite ment, the like of which has never been wit nessed in the Crescent City Unce the “Yan kees” came up the river on the ships of Farragnt, we hasten to say tint ills all about a Fair—the first Fair of the “ Mechanics’ and Agricultural Association Louisiana.” in this part of the coautry, where every State and every cootly has had its annual Fair for many years past, it may seem amnslcg tad absurd that the good people of New Oilcans shouts make such an ado over an event so common here. Bat U is really a movement of great significance in the South; and when the Diets and circumstances are considered. It Trill appear that the importance attached to it by the press and people of Louisiana is .-carcely exaggerated. It is a novelty, to be gin with. Industrial exhibitions have been almost, if not altogether, unknown in Louis iana. The indolent planter has heretofore ; looked to his factor in New Orleans' for such advances of money as would suffice for the current expenses of his family and his plantation, and 1 beyond this has scarcely given a thought to business. Ths practice of the mechanic arts has been retarded as the task of slaves; the Southern “ gentleman ” was bom for expen sive dissipation, for the learned professions, for the exercise of arms—for anything but manual labor, which was held to be a degra dation, and the distinguishing duty of an inferior race. The pursuit of agriculture was represented gt the hotels of I New Orleans, where, during the gay staton. the planters vied with each other in the lavish expenditure of borrowed money. Industrial Fairs, In such u community, and under such institutions j and habits, were no more to be expected than J orsc races and bull fights among the early 1 Puritans of the Plymouth colony. But with ; the abolition of slavery old things arc passing i away, and all things ore becoming new. The I Fair in New Orleans is tho first tribute of tbc ; people of New Orleans to Free Labor, the ! lirst acknowledgment that tbc stamp of ig i nominy has been removed from Industrial pursuits, aud that the South Is entering | upon the certain road to solid wealth j end prosperity, from which she has hereto- I lolore been barred by the system *'• slave : labor. La <l>!b hoblc emulation tbc North ! will bid her God-specd. The event Is one to j be celebrated, and we hope It may prove on crain the progress of Louisiana, as the Cbm nwrcfoj predicts. May the words of the Picayune prove true, when It says: “Ad “ versily is teaching ua Its wholesome lessons “of labor and thrift. Such exhibitions arc “ the sign that we arc improving them in tbc “ right temper—gathering together the rent “ bants of our broken fortunes, and patiently “ working to put them together with our ** own hauls as a basis for a future prosper* “Uy.” Vhen this future prosperity dcrel- ops itself, and the South secs that its “sub jugation* to free labor results in rescuing her train stagration, and decay, we shall Lave no mote such complaint? as the Pic ayune utters In the same article from which wc have quoted, says: “AU that Is left us to do as helots of the Union, is to refuse to do anything which gives our assent to the degradation with which Wc arc menaced.” IMPARTIAL SUFFRAGE. [From the Washington Republican, Norcm ber Ik} * xsl, aopjwox's ontnoK—tttß nimnrscc wmt COKCHE6S—AX AVTnOWZrD STiTaresT. be conferred - j the Styes, that nrut being guauuteeil to each blato by the Con iUlr.Uon. Andrew Jolm?ou is in furor of qnait iifc suffrage m 'jVnntwsee as ectllxea of mat •.•H uW. He atUnoTlcra n-, in v-balr cr ujc cater Rsccntlve of ibe ration, to uriro qualified *nf- O-age for three classes of colored men of this Dis bic:. In April la>l. and at hU suggestion wc re newed the proposition again la July, onlv about one week before Cocvn-M adjourned. Wo took rpec'ftl pnlre to notify several Radical Senators aco Representatives who were anxious Inquirers «m the subject, that the President was in tavor of Hie plan proposed In the Jieiiubitoan, The Radi cals were afraid to touch the question, and went home to their several Mat a aud blackguarded the President, ano declared that he was oppo od to exlcidicg Ibe rtrhi of endrarc to the black man. Andrew Johnson U la fever of more for the black man In Tennessee, as a citizen of that Stale; he suggested to Governor Sharker or Mlssf-yppl more for the colorcu men of that Slate, aud rc* qnmc<i and authorized ns to urge upon Congress, ul Ike last rcMon, more for the colored men of this Bttlnct than Charlie Sumner, or Hear/ Wil ton, cr any other Congressman of Ma-saebuseUa ever urged for the colored tncu of their State, No colored man who fought In the Union army, or who own* property, no matter how much, cau vote In Massachusetts unless he con read and write. President Johnson goes beyond that. Ho Is In lavor of groutine suffrage to all colored mao, wherever the Constitution cives him the power to no li, who can read and write, or who served hon orably in the Union annv, or who o«n propertr to the extent of two hundred and ntty dollirs and upward. The only dtCerence between the President and Congress I*- that tbo lorrocr believes that, under the Constitution, each State has tho right to settle the question of auftace for Itself. Congress as siune* the right to impose It npou the States, Con stitution or no Constitution. If Ilanscom, (the cdlto; of the Jiynblican, ) I? really authorized to make the above state ment, It shows that the elections have exer cised a salutary and chastening Influence on the would-be Dictator. It may be possible that he deems it best to propitiate the popu lar feeling a little before Congress assembles. Johnson is up to all kinds of tricks. No man who ever sat in the Executive chair used the Washington papers so much to pettifog his “jK>licy” before the country as the present ‘ occupant. All that Ilanscom says about “the special pains that he took to notify several Senators and Rcprcscnta tires’* os to the President’s views.on negro suffrage I* silly egotism and absurd bosh. IBs master spoke for himself on a hundred occa sion.* before and after the adjournment of Congress; audio no speech to the country or message to Congress daring Us session, nor In any of his harangues to the populace while swinging around the circle, did he ever repeat what he suggested to Governor Shar key In July, ISCS, in respect to extending the suffrage to colored men. It Is folly and false hood on the part of the “ subsidized” Wash ington paper to pat forth that claim In his behalf. “The only difference between the Prcsl “ dent and Congress,” says the Rej,ub\iean, “ that the former believes that under the “Constitution, each State has the right to “settle the question of the suffrage f.r “iUeK.” But docs Johnson deny to Con* press the right to settle the question of the suffrage In the Territories ? Congress claims the right to organize governments for the cx*Stales whose governments were destroyed by the rebellion. ‘Where did Johnson ilnd his authority for organizing the rebel territories into State Governments without the sanction of Congress? Where did he get his authority to deprive the loyal col ored citizens of those rebel territories of iheir right of suffrage? Who authorized him to proclaim that pardoned rebels should vote, bat loyal colored men should not vote In tbc reorganization of those destroyed SLs'.te Governments ? It will be remembered that In his Proclamations he declared that the rebel “States” were wlthont governments ••r constitutions, and that their laws were null and void. If such were the fact, by what authority did Andrew Johnson exclude the colored citizens of the “South” from voting af the elections held to create anew those defunct States ? Will bis Washington mouth-piece explain ? There was no law on the statute book that justified or allowed him to discriminate against one class of citi zens and in favor of another on account of color. Slavery was abolished; no man was a master and no man. was a slave. All were citizens, and equal In the eye of the law, except that the blacks were loyal. Constitution supporting citizens, while the whiles were subdued rebels, who had striven to destroy the Con stitution and the Union. The act of the President was therefore an unwarranted usurpation of authority and a palpable viola* tion of (he Constitution. But if his defend* ere take the other horn of the dilemma and assume that the rebel Territory was actual Slates in the Union, as many Copperheads contend, then Johnson's proclamations were lawless Infractions of State sovereignty, and the Statu constitutions and governments be forced ou the people of those States arc loffuM, and he deserves to bo Impeached and removed forthwith. On the other hand, If Johnson’s proclamations set forth the truth, that those Slate constitutions and govern* menu were forfeited by rebellion and were defunct, then it is the duty of Congress to organize govcrnmcnU for the rebel territory, and prescribe the qualifications therein, of electors, and Johnson has nothing to do In the premises, save and except to sec that, Ibo laws made by Congress arc enforced. As to the right of each bona jfd< “Ata/s” to settle the terns of suffrage for itself, that Is a wholly different question. An amend* meet to the Constitution may undoubtedly be adopted which shall declare that no State shall make or enforce any law depriving any class of male adult citizens of the right of suffrage on account of race or color. 'Will Johnson favor or oppose such an amend* rnent? Can the JiqiubJkaii answer the ques tion ? Neither Congress nor the dominant Republican party arc lu the mood to be bum* bogged or thwarted by the apostate who un fortunately occupies and disgraces the Ex ecutive chair. CENTRALIZATION. Whenever the Government of the Union is about to exercise its Just powers, and enforce Its authority over tbc rebellious States, one method In constant use among those who op pose the Administration, of thwarting this purpose, Is to raise the cry of centralization. This alarm cry Is constantly rung in our cars, by men whose sole object is to save the Con federate section against the Just punishment for their crimes, and to cripple the Federal Government la the exercise of Its undisputed powers. Doubtless the centralization of all power In the Federal Government would le a great evil and wrong. Ko party and. no man seeks to do il, as all are alike convinced that tbc safety of our Institutions and their permanence de pend upon a strict malntalnauce of the divi ding line between the powers glvcutothc Federal Government and those reserved to the States. But it does not seem to be so well borne In mind bysome, that the full and complete exercise ot all the -powers which by the Constitution arc given to the General Government, are Just as essential to our safe ty and exist coco as a people. The great ob ject sought In the establishment of the Fed eral Constitution, was to secure through the General Government that Justice and freedom which there was imminent danger the people wonld lose through the feebleness or conflicts of tbe disunited States. Consolidation, or centralization to this extent is a necessity; and so far from being an evil to be condemned or deplored, It is an indispensable need, and an inestimable Messing. When, therefore, the cry of ccn- is raised, it Is always a question whet!*? it should not rather cxcito our ap probation and Increase our sense of security, than alarm our fears and raise our opposi tion. If tbc vower sought to be exercised, or tbc measure he enforced, is one legiti mately within the u*opo of the Federal au thority, and U aimeu a t patriotic ends, it - should be balled with and receive our earnest and loyal suppw,. The General Government is clothed with authority, aud ccrialu great powers ore c-,t ra jj 2e< i j a its hands, as absolutely essential v» f rcc . dom of the people and the safety nation. So far from there being any du, eer . in tbe use of these powers, the true groa.^ for alarm would be for that Government to neglect or refuse their exercise, and succumb to the usurped and mischievous authority of the States. Where the line of partition runs between the authority of the General Government and that of the States, Is It not al ways so clearly seed as to leave no room for honest difference of opinion. But of this great truth there can be no doubt, and, bear ing it always in mind, we need not go far astray In our conclusion, namely, that the avowed object of the Institution of the Fed eral Government was to secure the blessings of liberty and justice to the people and their posterity. These blessings wero to be thus secured by the establishment and protection In r«ry Stale of a republican form of Gov e. and by this means guaranteeing to ti.c yc'i’le all those rights and Immunities wl>u pertain everywhere to the citizens of arcj.t’ iic. The fundamental principles of a republican form of government, are under stood universally to be the freedom and equality of all citizens. The rights of man, and exact justice, with no privileged class, no aristocracy, and no slaves, these arc know n to he implied in the idea of a .Repub lic ; and when our fathers ercc'.cd the Gov ernment of the Union, one leading object was to establish a power whose right and duty it should be to enforce the principles of Republican Government everywhere within Us jurisdiction, and that extended over all the States then within, or that might here after enter, the Union. ‘Whatever la justly Implied In the idea of a Republican Govern ment, whatever of equal right and Impartial justice belong to that form of free institu tions, It Is the Imperative duty of the Fede ral Government to maintain and enforce; The meaning and purpose of the Federal Con stitution U to establish and maintain every where In the land the fundamental princi ples ofßepuhlican Government. All power necessary to this cud la centralized la U. To this cud it Is a consolidated Government, and in this centralization lies our chief security, and should be our highest pride. Without this supreme authority of the Union to enfoicc human rights and equal justice everywhere, doubtless wc should have all sorts of oppression and wrong In States that had forgotten their allegiance to republican principles, and who*© Govern ment nna oecn selred by a class, or a partv, determined to build up their fortunes and power oi» the rutn and oppression of the people. Against such usurpation and tyr uny the General Government is set up as an abiding watch and defence. And that Su- Picnic Government tails in the exercise of itb clearest authority and neglects a most sacred duty if lu any quarter of its wide do main, In any one of the many States, a single citizen of its many millions is deprived of any one of the rights which belong to him as a member of the republic. Xo one can gel so far off, or into a State soiemutc, as to be be yond the reach of the protecting power ol the General Government In all his rights a? a citizen of the republic. It was to defend hu- man rights and maintain the principles of free republican government that the Consti tution was framed. To this extent at least ati power is contained in .U, and wc find in this Constitution no reason for alarm, but rather a full assurance of safety and protec tion for all classes, of whatever race or color, so long as they bear the Image aud can claim the rights of humanity. * TOOK EUROPE. HF-Allanlk Coble—Remarkable Sncces* ol tbc New Rnnluii I.can—A Popular Out* break Anticipated In Spain—A Choose Looked for in :bc Italian Foreign OQlce— Further Arrest« In (reload oi Sn«pecicd Fenian*—Holy to Renew Ncsotiatloas vmb the Pope. London, November 22.—The new Rnsstau loan for iy.«io,o(W florins. Ins already met with great success, one-thud of the amount haring b>>vD already taken, with certain prospect that the whole will be placed. Pams. November 23.—-A popular outbreak against the Government of Spain 1-* liable to oc cur at any moment. There are vague rumors that the will abdicate to avert the threat ened storm. Fuoniyr, November 2L-It Is reported, au thoritatively, that Ra'tzsi will succeed Baron Ric atoll Is the Foreign Office. London, November 23.—A number of persons accused of Fenfanlsm bave been arretted at LRp* crick, and large quantities of pikes aud other arms seized by the authorities. Rebus, November 23.—Tee Chambers have screed In censoring the Government for the sale of the Cologne Railroad without their sanction. Queenstown, November St—Noon.—The Canard steamship Australasian. Which left New Votk November Uth, touched at this port this forenoon. After lauding malls and passen gers she proceeded to liverpool. London, November 24—Noon.—The Fenian agitation tn Ireland still continues. Many ar rests of persons and seizures of anus have al ready bees made. An American turned McGill vcray, who was suspected of being an agent of the Fenians, was arrested at Dublin to-day, and Imprisoned. Many others whom the authorities have spotted, win be immediately arrested. Ao editorial In the Times of this morning ex presses the belief that the Emperor* Maximilian has actually abdicated. He looks for the Inter vention of (be United States Government as the next step as a matter of course, but hopes that good results will follow. It is repotted that twenty transports will sai from Brest to bring home the French troops Im mediately alter the arrival of the next maU from Mexico. Fronsxcx. November 24.— I The Government of Italy will renew negotiations with the Pope at once. Latest Entliib Markets. London, November a—Evening. The money market U slightly easier. Coa»ols clow at SO lor money. Thefollowlns are the c!*v«tn(r prices <>f American •ecurlUos: Erie Railway, 60; Illinois Cea traUTSJi't UnitediHams-tts,TO*. Ixvsnroot, November iX TheiDarketforcottoulinnehaaged. iTovliloasare unchanged. Lardlt tending downward. LmxrooL, November L-Noon. The cotton market open* quits brut at yesterday’s advance, and with prospects of the dsy’s ssle smsani inc to luiiv lEUOO bales. Mldolinz uplands, 11 she market lor breadstuff* li arm. Loxdon, Noverdwrlt—Noon. ThemooeymirketUsteady. Consols opesei attt tbr money; Culled nutet a-Ws, m\; lulaou CeatraU, 7b; Cries, is. By Mail—Earl of Derby** Speech ComplU neatarr to the Caltrd S*ts(e*. Nxw Yohk, November 21.—Tte tpecch of the Strict Derby at the Lord Major's banqccl Id Loudon, already referred to br teloarapa, con tained the lolloping: “With regard to mat groat country, our natural friend—our relation. I may call It—that great Republic across the Atlantic— the storm of war has indeed ceased there, but the surface, nay, 1 may say the Interior of society ti still rufilrd and agitated. Yet 1 cannot bnt be* Here that that great aud powerful uauou which has made such glorious charts for >be purpose of Looping down the burden of debt which that war has enuiled on Us national flnanc.fc. which U making such superhuman efforts to recover Us financial position, 1 cannot but believe that a coun try so deeply ialcmhd in the science of self-gov enmenu will, and speedily, know bow to com poi-c the agitation which si present prevails, and nxtilfti to the world at no distant period the grati fying prospect ot a great, a proud, and a prosper ous community; and 1 may be permitted to rav that If, In the course of that dreadful war which has so long devastated that coun try. sty questions may bare arisen between that sed our country which have produced the slight cct amount of unpleasant feeling. 1 bare a confi dent expectation that the two Governments, ap preaching these questions in a spirit of mutual for bearance and kind conciliation, will arrive at such a solution of these questions as not onlr tore more all remnants of bitterness, but place on a botlei foundation than ever our relations with that great country to which we are bound by so many ties ot interest and regard.'* EUROPE. Our London Letter. Tlio English Farmer and his Condition* Tbe Englhh Famep-Hti Abject Con dition—TDo F«noen> Olab-Tblag* In America—Tbe Farmer* In Conn* ml—An English Banulbenurer on American Affairs—Cbicaeo in tbe Ascendant* [CoTrwposdecce of the Chicago Tribune.) Losnox, November 7,1966. It will be a loos day before we can look to the English farmer for co-operation in any work of reform. In England large numbers ofagricoUnrists arc merely “tcoantsat will.” If they offend the landlord they must give up the farm and move to pastures new. The abject state of most of our tillers of the soil Is a position on which no true Englishman likes to dwell. They have no freedom'of action. They are virtually serfs. A few weeks since I was In Essex, an agricultural county, and was thrown Into the society of several fanners. General politics wet# broached, and liberal sentiments ex pressed. Hearing them, I exclaimed, “But If these arc your opinions, how is It ali your representatives in Parliament are Tories? ” They shook their heads, and one by 'one observed that voting at elections was a landlord’s matter. One gentleman—farm ing nearly one thousand acres, which Is a larire farm here,—told me that his two sons, who held farms under a particular nobleman who was of the Tory school, hated election times, for after recording their names on the polling lists for their landlord’s nominee, they felt ashamed to speak to any one for the rest of the day. It is rarefy the case that a farmer who is a dissenter in religious con cerns, can obtain a form from a conservative landlord. Even If he succeeds, he is ex pected to be at church on all the festival days, and to subscribe to the church char!- 1 tics. But os free trade Is bettering the condi tion of the rest of the community, and os fa cllUlcs of intercommunication with other lands are znultiplcd, the farmer chafes un der tbo restraints of his position, lie knows he is naked, which is more than could hare been said of him twenty years ago. But what can he do? Land is held in so few hands that there is no competition for time. “Here,” said one of the highest authorities we hare in matters agricultural, to the Central Farmers' Club, at their monthly meeting on Monday, here we arc so overpopulated that thou* sands of young men arc unable to obtain suit able and remunerative employment, or to em bark In business with any ialr prospect of success. Farmers and their sons tiud it equally difficult to settle. The consequence U that rents in this country have been forced up to an artificial standard. What with an increased redial, a higher rate of wages, a lower standard of prices, a greater risk from disease in stock, and undimiuished taxation, I cannot see how the present race of farmers, except a few favorably situated, cau hope so to increase their capital, as to become pos sessed of tho means of alarliug their families lu respectability.” But your readers may ask WHAT IS TUB FARMERS.’ Though the English fanucris stllvdeprlved of political freedom;-though he has no ac ’ion of his own lu religious affairs, he by the “•erty given himofgctiingasmuchoutoihis £ ro ‘*uias he cau, not lorgcttiugaltbesamj lime, u, c improvement he effects in his Jand ir<* I'-opcrty. English agriculture has shared win. a u the other arts in the benefits ot modern diu ;o very and invention. Never was land so wej cultivated as it Is In Eng land at the present hour.' And the present wee of fanners kn 0 w a good deal more thaiS their fathers of the suivr arts, and they read and think on scientific subjects; and they organize themselves into societies or “Clubs” for the purpose of comparing notes with each other as to their experience and their theories. The Club among them, which is emphatically lb© representative of the farmers throughout the country, was founded upwards oftw.Ejy years ago, I believe by the late Wiilu-m Sbaw, who was fur many years editor of the JJark who, I regret to say, alter a brilliant career as a farmers’ writer, got into debt through a fu- I tile attempt to establish a cattle market iu I the metropolis, and died at the Australian diggings. It is called “The Central runners Club.” Its matings ore held six limes a year in London, be cause the metropolis is the only rendezvous that the fanners would be at alllikely to agree j upon The members come from all parts of tbc Kingdom, and among them are tho very 1 elite of English farmers, Vou bear iu their I discussions the burr of Lincolnshire; the ( broad accent of Essex, and the “h” sounds of the Somersetshire yeomen. Mainly they are i tenant limners, but some of them Jill the double capacity of tenant and landlord. The lateFlfhcr Hobbs was an instance. Land lords proper rarely come, and-when they do, they never dine; and things arc said which it is not agreeable for them to hear. Tho i subjects discussed are of on eminently practi cal character. General politics are avoided. I The usnal course Is fora paper to be read by a | member who has undertaken one of the sub i jects-for the year, and who is always expect i cd to tell something which he knows from experience. A discussion then cusues, iu which the questions raised arc viewed from all sides, and the principles propounded, 1 tested by the practical knowledge of termers I from every district. The Clubroomsln which i they meet are part of a hotel built by ter mers for the accommodation of perso'n* of their own class. An Illinois termer on a visit j to London would find himself, were he to take up his quarters in Salisbury Hotel, I Fleet street, in the midst of brother cultiva -1 tors, who would give him a warm reccp -1 tlon, and assail him with a thousand eager questions upon Lis State, and its land and its stock. For a new Interest, If only a temporary one has sprung up among the worthy agriculturists j inruupb * lecture given then) on MoaJ«r | night by Mr, J. Howard, of Bedford, a cole , biated maker of agricultural implements, who having just returned from tbc United Slates, where he visited Indiana, Ohio, Illl nois, lowa, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and the New England States, determined to fry before the Club the results of his observe- | liouslu a pa|*cr called “Things In America.” Till: BARM BBS IS COUNCIL. I To hear this address the largest audience j ever known in the history of the Club asacm- I hied. the wax the United State.-has grown in our thoughts. America looms con stantly betpre us. Not only tho Irish peas- 1 ant depleted l»y Mr. Bright, but thousands of cultivated Englishmen, warningscope for their energies, “turn their eyes to the set ting snu.”' And so we had a great gathering of farmers to listen to American facts, on 1 Monday. For Mn Howard, let U be under stood that life had no anecdotes to tell; no “amusing” scenes to describe; but only plain business detail*, entering into the mar row of the lives of grave ami earnest men. As a rule the proceedings of the Farmers’ Club arc wot reported In tho ordinary politi cal journals, bni an exception was made in tbis ease, and . the papers of yes terday contained an abstract lof Mr. Howard’s remarks. 1 have since had the pleasure of perusing tbc MS. of the paper, and note iu it many things which arc imper fectly given br our press. Mr. Howard, Iu a simple, manly way, paid a tribute to the American character which made a great im pression upon his hearers. Without leaving room for the least suspicion of flattery, he yet gave a picture In which all the lineament* nrc favorable. As with every other trav eller from Europe, the extent of the coun try excited his amazement. The figures, he said, “teem to dwarf Great Britain Into a mere speck upon the map of the world.” The extent of the information of i Hie people was equally surprising, though as for every Englishman who 1 has visited the United States, he found ten Americans who had visited England. This I was intelligible, lie actually said that he ! found American fanner* who knew more I about English affairs than nunv English far j mers do { Of another favorite theme of trav- I elltrs frcm.Kuropc he ?aid : “1 do not main tain that in point of personal manners thev come quite up to the English standard, but any deficiency In tbls respect is more than compensated for by the absence of that stiff* 1 ness and formality of the one class of Eftg i land, and the extreme servility of the other.” Again: “I do believe the American people have been misrepresented and traduced by some of our public writers, in a way that no other people on tbc face of the earth have been. I went to America with many of the prejudices of England, expect ing to Cud at least the bulk of the people tough, “rowdy,” uncouth, and vulgar. Dickens, the Trouopcscs. and other writers might have met with the characters thev have portrayed. I can only speak of the pcopUfas I found them. I travelled some 5.000 miles without once being subject to insults or rudeness of any kind I mixed with ail classes; for there are no first, second, or third class on their railways or steamboats, and I tnet with nothing but civility and po liteness. The working class arc well-be haved, and, as a rule, are far better educated and more intelligent than our own. The wealthier class I found to be communicative, open-hearted, and hospitable; indeed, as pleasant and agreeable people os 1 could wish to mix with." If he were asked what was the best part of the i States, to settle 10, he should say one of the Northwestern Stales—llllrois, lowa, Wls cocsln, Michigan would be the best for com growing and stock raising; but he was In , cline to think that more money was to be made out of (be vine and cotton, and that fhere was a floe field open la North Carolina, Texas and California. The lecture bristled with feels ami points illustrative of agricul ture and of “ things” generally in America, After the paper had been read, a discastion sprang up, the principal interest of which turned upon the question—how ter the United States and more particularly the Northwestern portion and the ’Caro lines were desirable as settlements for the sons of British farmers. It was evident that to most in the room no national prejudice would interfere with what might appear prudent from a material point of view, and It was hinted that the subject might well form the staple of a discussion early in the ensuing year. The impossibility In which farmer# arc placed, of finding farms for their sons, is clearly causing them twtbink seriously of the openings in the West. Chi cago was repeatedly spoken of—lt was al luded to at length In the lecture itself—and among the speakers who dwelt uoon the marvellous resources of Us district, and the vast expansion of tho city, was Mr. Wilkins, who. It appears, was lor twelve years a British Consul in your midst. One or two American gentlemen spoke, but there was nothing in their remarks calling for notice. CHICAGO ASCEXPAXTJ Every one who returns to Europe from the United Stales blows the fame of Chicago. It is becoming a proverb. --We don’t say when we want to illustrate the ropSditv of an act tlat it is like Jonah’s gourd, but like Chicago. In fiiet, If you will pardon me for saying so, the subject is a little of a bore. If I take up the limit det Dnu J/ondcf, I find on the first or second page that I see, some startling French adjectives, or popular intor jectoral expressions applied to the City of Chicago, if 1 look into a religions maga zine,' I find a lengthy account of the sums which are spent every year on religions objects by that miraculous cltv, Chicago. This morning as I left my home In the su burbs, 1 saw on tho dead walls, as I got near to town, flaming Discards announcing s lec ture by m popular Baptist mluister,lhe Rev.W, Brock, ou “from London to Chicago—out.” In the papers—andherc I am not bored at all —I see the Chicago Tiuucub quoted as fre quently as the New York Herald or Timet. Even these letters of mine wood their way back Jo eoznoertraordinary manner and meet me in the columns ot oar provincial Journals among the ‘‘original contributions" of the week. If we only had quicker communication with your city, if some of the great schemes now revolving In men’s minds are bat carried oat, Chicago will cat New York oat of men’s minds so far as is Europe concerned. May it he so! I have learned to detest the prevailing spirit of the Empire City: Ita* po litical parties; and the greater portion of IU frees. It looks to me like a bad European own with each vices as arc peculiar to America grafted bn to it. The fresh breezes from the West are Infinitely purer and more bracing. J. R. E. THE BOHAN QUESTION. Napoleon** Arrangement* for flte ,( PfO* teeslon” of tlie Pope* .[Prom the Memorial Diplomatique, of Paris, November 11.) According to information which we have received, the mission of General Fleury Is made subordinate on tbeprerioos settlement of the Question relative to the repartition of the Roman debt. His destination will be sides be Florence, and not Rome. The Em peror’s Government, as the Minister of State has frequently declared In the Chambers, and the Marquis dels Yalette recently repeated in his circular addressed to bis diplomatic agents abroad, is firmly resolved to protect efficaciously the Pope, not only in his quali ty of Head of the Church, but also as a tem poral sovereign. The Court of the Tuilerics is therefore desirous that no misunderstand ing should exist in the practical interpreta tion of the Convention of the 15th of Sep tember. With that object the eventu alilles that may arise after- the departure of the French troops are about to be examined, and to become the subject of reciprocal cn friigemcnls between France and Italy. Such s the real object of the mission to be con fided to General Fleury. * * * Count de Sartlges is preparing to leave Paris to resume his post as Ambassa dor to the Holy Sec. The approaching ac complishment of the convention of the 15tb of September renders his presence m Rome more necessary than ever. The Em peror Napoleon, wishing to give to that able diplomatist a mark of eatlsCictlon for his valuable servicer, has decided on raising him to the dignity cf Senator. Tbc'Hope* of Italy. [Florence (Novnnber 9) Correspondence of the Opinion Rationale of rarls'J In spite of the efforts of the clerical party, the Roman question has catered into a com paratively satisfactory state. In our politi cal circles no great .importance is attached to the late allocation oi the Pope, seeing that it is only a repetition tf the old accusations nod protests which issue from the lips of Pius lX whenever he prouotmees a solemn ad dress. On the other hand, the Holy Father had blessed Italy for the first time since l?o9, and bad declared that Uls arms are open to receive his lost sheep, fils language, con sidered in connection with the concessions n ccntly made by the Italian Government, Justifies the confidence that is felt in a speedy agreement. It may now be considered cer tain that the Italian Government reckons on rceaßjicgvafter the king's returnfrom Venice, the negotiations lately broken off, and that Signor vegezzi will recommence at Romo the preliminary arrangements respecting the return of the bishops, the appointment of new oiu*s, and the reorganization of the epis copal dioceses. FKO3I WASHINGTON. rSpccJal Despatch to the Chicago Tribaae.} Washington, D. C., November 2L SOtYQQ{S FKIENDhtnr FOR Tm: PQEXDXXN. Son'iLeru friendship for the freedmen is cxem t liSed by t»e action of the Virginia Farmers’ Con vention on Vcdrcsday. Mr. Noland, Chairman of the ConycniiOK.nppQjQted to report on the most profitable of Virginia farms, under existing circumstacctH. submitted the following for the consideration ert the body: First—That each proprietor, to thoutmut of his ability, culU* vale as large a porion of tils land as he can on an improved system, and that be t«tu or lease an modi of the remainder to responsible parties to cultivate in a similar way for a share or the crop, or lor money, instead of renting to freedmea, thereby diminishing the amount of hired labor. THXASDUX DISBCTISEXEXT3. • The disbursements on account of tho named Departmauts during the week ending To* day were aa follows: War Department,?!, , Navy Department. *2,717,U55; Interior Depart ment, *107,421. Aggregate, DTD IAN AITAIDS. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs to-day re o-Keda comiunuication from Charles Bogy and W. R. Iruin, Special Agcntsofthelndlan Bureau, who were recently scut to Kaos is for the purpose of effecting a settlement of the difficulties with the Cheyennes and Arapaboes, Indian tribes, da ted Fort Zarah, Kansas, November 15, They re port that a council was held with the principal chiefs of these tribes on the 14th inst, during which all matters of difference were tdfccd over, and they gave their assent to the* amendments to the treaty. Atmoity goods were distributed to the Arrapahoes on the 14Ui. and the goods for the Cheyennes were to (•« distributed Immediately. The agents had an interview at the Fort on the 12th, with two of the Comanche chiefs, who came Infer that purpose. They reported that a little boy held as a prisoner by one of their chleft would be delivered up, and a w agon was accordingly sent for him. In regard to the other prisoners held by the Comanebes, one of tho chiefs remarked that Qulenahenh, the chief who held them, had a little bead, and would tol listen to reason. The agents anticipate trou ble with the Comanebes and Clowaa before the release of these prisoners is cffscled, even If It can beaccomplisbed'wlthoae war. nntoTAL or nranquAimas. General Grant has ordered the headquarters of the Department of the Arkansas to bo transferred from little Uock to Fort Smith. - scTOiAX •rrerazsj. The Commissioner of the GctAßC'f-aad Office. has just received a specimen flf argentiferous galena, from the newly discovered mines on •bears Creek, between Si. Drains and North Boulder, Colorado. The Surveyor General, who tiaoalates the specimens, describes the lode from which it Is taken as of extraordinary richness. NATIONAL BANK CUUBENCT. The Acting Comptroller of the Currency, dur ing tho week just ended, Issued to National Hanks, *1,181,010 In circulating notes, making the total circulation ol these institutions, *293,199.009. covritNunirr or tux hoithtun btatks. Washington specials say that leading Repnblt ciin Congressmen arc maturing a plan for the gov. eminent of the Southern States, In view ol tho probable deity in the adoption of tbe Constltu ; local Amendments by the late insurrectionary ■Matos. It provide* foe tbe cxecntloa of cxlutiag iind prospective acts of Congress independent of ti-.c respective state or Federal Executives. It Is the old Territorial plan, modified to meet existing chcumstancee. wminnAWAi ot tux rnxxcu moors non xsxico rosTPoirsn. Nxw Vonx, November 21—Tbe J\m*» Wash ington correspondence gives tbe following ac count of the Franco-Jlcxlcan difficulty: ” Since the special meeting of the Cabinet yesterday afternoon there has been the greatest Interest manifested as to tbe purpose of this extraordinary crnveclnc ot that body, and rations speculations hare been sent off to the Northern pro?* on the subject. We are enabled to state poeluvc'ytbat the Cabinet was called together to consider onr foreign relations In this connection. It may bo sta'ed that it la known that the French Government has declared its pur- Sosc to disregard the arrangement for the witu rawalof Ihc first deiachmcnt of French troops from Mexico, during this month as agreed upon between Mr. Seward and Urouyn dc 2J»ay*. 7be French Emperor ha? notified oar Govern ment that b e cannot effect the withdrawal of the troops until next spring, when he proposes it* em bark the entire force at cflice. In vtew of the ■■adore of Napoleon to comply with his agreement to withdraw a portion of them Iroffps, aud inasmuch aa tho not-ficatiun of this forfeiture ot the agreement comes at this Ute day. our Government l» sot disposed to put full confidence in tbe further promises of the French Emperor. There is reason for believ ing that this matter was tbe Immediate cause ot the Cabinet meeting yesterday, aid that to-day Ihc subject was again considered In the regular session. General Grant bring present hr request ot tbe President. It is Intimated in official circles that Instructions have been sent to our Minister in Fiance to demand the immediate withdrawal of tie French troops from Mexico.” FROM SETT YORK. Departure: of General Dix-sanalse* n* to SUhe>Ctinnieterof bln Inssractleas-Ilastern Manufacturer* Working for n Richer Tar ttl-The Evening Post Uppaeed to Mr. dwe ll nsl'nltcd!*tnin Senator—lta Reasons— Activity nt Fenian Readqaarters—lmpart* and Exports «l Sen Statcmecc of (he Arrivals for the East Three Years. (bpedal Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Nxw Tons. November 21. General Dix departed on tbe French mission this afternoon. Jci t previous to embarking on board tbe French steamer for Bremen, he received by special messenger from Washington, a mr#- tcituns bundle ot document* from the Stste office. It la believed that among these documents were Important diplomatic despatches from our Gov ernment In answer to recently received messa~es from the French Government. Tbe State Depart ment has cerumiy received within the last week despatches from Paris, and the faat that their ar rival was the occasion of a special Cabinet meet ing at which General Grant is known to have been present, together with the tact that General Dix received fresh instructions at the moment of bis departure,points significantly to the supposition that a new and important phase of the Mexican question has suddenly presented :Uelf. The New England manufacturers are Instituting vigorous measures to secure the adoption of a new aud more stringent tarii. Several meeUc'-i o» manufacturers, representing the dftwrent in terests, have been held within the last three or four«. ay*, and committees have been appointed to organise a powerful lobby influence m favor ot the renersl and passage cf * law Introduced at tbe last session or Congress. A joint meeting of Protestant Episcopal Convo cations of Long Island wi«! be held In December •to cous.der a proposition to erect that part of the Mate into a new and separate diocese. The i'tthirg it?*r strongly opposes the election of Horace Greeley to the Culled States S.'nate, and not altogether on account of his hlrb pro tective tariff notions. The l\i9t remarks: “Tie coutcc of Mr. Greeley Immediately before, daring and sirce the »ar. bas shown that be ha* not that steadiness of purpose, clearness of insbrh, or sympathy with the feelings of the common people which are required in one bolding so luflacr tia! a postal fuchaume. It is most important tin we shall not be outwitted In any arrange- which may be made for reconstruct tlon, but Jlr. Greeley is notoriously easily cheated on a btr-ain, and too readily tills la wi& the schemer of designing men, who make him their tool, os was done by the rebels tn Canada the war. He is ruled brj impulse lathix than gulled by statesmanlike caution; bis iccnecte just before and daring the war was often so used as to advance the schemes and plots of the enemies oftbe Union. That this was not bis intention is of coarse admlttrd,-bat motives are not now in question. We desire merely to point pat that it would not be for the connlxVs good to Intrease Mr. Greeley's influence by making him bes&tor. The Fenians are receiving dally liberal dona lions of anna and ammunition at the beadocar ters of James Stephens. "The organizers, who bare been travelling m the South and West, re port very favorably of their c2orta to procure rioewe of war. A review of the commerce of Kcw Tork for the last Jen months shows an immense rain In the forclgu Import bnstoets of this city for the ctxi ranr jtar. The total cold valne of Imports at tirf# port dniing the'en months ending November l, fer Ifie last three years. Is as follows; *££*• - 966,<6).1!15 The aggregate customs of the same periods compare as follows; v JS tf'VUUXS The latter enm ha# born collected in cold upon millions of dutiable mercbasdiie thrown upon tbs market here, and Bboiva the BTerace rate to he forty-nine per cent on tbo foreign gold coat The currency or paper nine of erporta from Kew York for the same period, in the lutfonr jurt, is as followa * iSOJ, IW, 1665 Tte exports of specie for the seme period were as follows: I*l f37,4M,7« 2863.. S3,SO3,Sa ltfC....t. BMBSJ4O The foreign Imports of specie were u follows: tree - * 129,T15 1606 T7.9Q 1600.. MM,IW FROM KANSAS. ladina Paolufiodin* msd Daolicitv-Wtalte HeUler JHurdcrtd—A Osteh of Candi date* tor the United States senate. (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.) LawKiarcs, November 24. TJie council with the Cheyennes at Fen laramie dosed a few days since. Passengers by the coach say that this tribe are all concentrating at Big Creek, on the Smoky Bill ronte. Black Kettle, their principal chief, baa informed the agent of the Overland Comotty that notOing has been said in any of their treaties with the Government shoot the smoky Bill rente, and farther ssya that it shall not be need, together with threats of a siml larnalnre. Two settlers were ont boa ting la the western pan of the Statd on Saturday, when they were overtaken by a party of Indians. nbo acted is the moet friendly manner. The parties ex* changed vanout trinkets, and were on the point of separating, when an Indian approached Fox, and teigning to hand him somethin?, caused him to stretch Tilt arm ont, when ne thrust a re* volvor at his side and abot him dead. Belknap fn.*taUly fired at the Indian, killing him. Vis covering that his comrade »as dead, who was in the wagon with bun, he took a mule from the team, and ha*tenet to the settlement for aid. A. party returned the next day, and found Fox as he had been left, but the Indian had been dragged away, as a trail still existed in the grace. The party left a pair of moccasins, which were recognized u peculiar to the Cheyenne-, Slonx nr Arapahoes, bat the impression of the settlers is that the Pawnees or Ottoes are the guilty ones. Jly correspondent at Junction City says we will have important news here m a day or two from the Indian frontier. A local paper publishes the names of thirty-one candidates lor the United Stales Senate, and omits to publish the name of its editor, making the thirty-second candidate. Weather warm and pleasant; only eight frosts as yet. STEAMBOAT COLLISION. One Vessel Sunk and Two Persons Perish— Fa-! Particulars of the Catastrophe. Detroit. November St.—Another collision like that of the steamer Pewahlc, occurred last even ing in Lake St. Clair. The news reached here at a late hour in the night, that at a few minutes alter six o'clock a collision occurred between the lake Superior steamer Lac la Belle, bound down, and the Detroit and Mil waukee hallway Company's steamship Milwau kee, bound up, and resulted In the Conner being sunk In about twenty feet of water, with the lots of two lives. According to the statement off he Lao La Belle's officers, before rounding a bend la the St. CUir lilvcr. about two miles above tbc data, a st juncr was discerned ahead, which subsequently provid to he the Milwaukee, with proper lights burning, and the Lac la Belle kept on her usual course. Alter rounding the bend, the steamer wag kept dote to tbc American shore, and blew her whistle ore a, which was a signal to the Milwaukee to lake the starboard or right-hand side 01 the river. Ibe two steamers kept on. After signalling the Milwaukee, the wheel of thelLacita Belle was pot

a-poit, and then a second signal was given. At this time tbc wheel of the letter was pat still more a-port, and she was run as doss to the shore as was considered prodcni. rhorttj afterward, the Milwaukee struck Ihe Lac La Belle on the port side, about forty or fifty feet from the stern, with terrible force, catling her almost in twp, and crushing her timbers, etc., like so much paper, the reeled slightly, and the damage being great, she speedly filled, and sank ik-ldc of five minutes. She went down In about twenty feet of water, and now lies with a portion of her upper works only exposed above water, hiom the movements of the Milwaukee, it was euopoHtd teat she desired to pass on the port side, bnt, as the Lac la Belle was dose to the American shore, it vraa impossible, especbliy as her wheel had been put bard a-port, and she was evincing to change her course m lime to prevent a collision, When ice Milwaukee struck the Lac La Belle, sl.e penetrated her side so tar (bat for a time she was nnablc to extxtaao herself. The Captain of the former, aided by Captain Spaulding, of tbc latter, had- hues made fast from one hoot to (he other, and by this mtass the passengers and crew, with two exceptions, which will be referred to below, were transferred from the 111-fated steamer to the Milwaukee, and conveyed to jhia city, where they arrived at lata hour. WENDELL PHILLIPS. nil Recent Speech In Phllndelpbliwlle Op fusts the Granting ot Imnaxtial Suffrage. Coausols an Early Assemblies m Ren errw, nud Urges Immediate iiapcactnartA ot the President* Ncw \ ems, November 21.— At a meeting of the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, In Philadel phia yesterday, Wendell Phillips delivered an oration of which the following la an epitome: " 1 here is a great cry of Impartial suffrage. I have mo objections to it. The gran* ins of «uf* frage only to those blacks who read.or who have Kroperiy is dismissing the question from our po* tical issues; we lose that advantage and at the same time add to the Union political strength of the Sonth only a small per tent age of Ihc negroes. li upon granting Impartial suffrage a State resumes Her sovereignty, it would be for Sonth Carolina to say how fast her negro population shall learn to read, shall acquire property, or own land. If, there* fore, the llrpnbllcnu programme is to content itself with impartial suffrage, it ought to be ac* coxnpsnled by the Federal Government retaining so much control of the separate States as to fn* sure the thorough exercise ot civil rights and the education of the masses. As this is not likely to be permittee, it seems fo me a much safer and v Iser way to keep the Stairs In Ibclr present cod* dillon, during which tbo Fedora’ Government and the North will have great ixulaence on both of these issues—education and the effectual sec only of civil rights. Congress, therefore, the moment it assembles, should throw the chaff of reconstruction out of one window and the swindling amendments out of the other, snd commence with the business of Ibo hour, which fa the removal of a Southern rebel from the control of the Executive Department of tie Government. Impeach the President, amino only impeach him, hot, whtlg under control, )c ! tLcdaUe«of bis oQlce he performed by another hand. The wUdom Of tld* ootma la not only to save ns TTOta danger hat to let this i cconslrnctlon,-by planting the seeds of a new social state, at the Sooth, commence at once and not be delayed until the-4lh of March. 2SG9. To U-t it commence while the Federal authority can watch and protect l» In the present Territories sonth of Mason and Dixon's line, the Fortieth Congress should meet on the stb day of March. 1&~, and not have its session delayed nntll next December. -By their own showing It Is not safe. The experience ot the last summer shows that ills not cafe to tmst the Presided without the check of tbo legislative body. Consistency re* q.iiroa that Congress should go further, if they really distrust, as they assert they do, the Inten tions cl tho President. * The address was delivered to a hwe audience, and i hcilcd hearty applause. FROM CANADA. Armscnnrni. (or (be Comfort o( the Quebec MiOrrrrs-.tloney Appropriated tor the Construction of the Jlaroa and Ontario ’Canal—Heavy Snow Storm. Qrsßsc, November 24.—A large number of temporary sheds have been erected in the burnt Strict, in which many of the burned out by the lum fire will find theUer for the winter. A great many are emigrating to the United btales. Weather cold. A public testimonial is proposed for Dr. Wareden, in recognition of bis zeal and ability In feconng stringent quarantine regulations with New \ ork and other American porta, by which the spread of cholera was prevented. Tobosto, November 24.—'The Council of Simeoc reseed a resolution, by a large majority, voting JSPO.WA) to-day, towards the construction of the. Huron and Ontario Ship Canal. There has been a heavy -now storm Ibis after* noon. Steamers are laying Q]i lor winter. WONDERFUL METEOR, It Appears Like n Ball of Fire a* Large ns the San, and an Exploding .Hakes (be Earth r> bake. Nasnvitxr, Term., November 21.—About four o clock lai»t Tuesday morning a meteor, lighting np the whole heavens, was seen In the vicinity of koine, Georgia, going rJpMly southwestwardly. It appeared like a ball ot fire, as large as the sun. It exploded, apparently ten miles off, with a tre mendous report, like a torty-poanu cannon, that shook the earth and made the windows rattle. Effects ol the Ute llorrlcnne in the Da< bans Inland** NrwTonK, November 2L— 'The efleets of the late hurricane arc set forth by the Governor In hl« speech to the Legislature. Bessys; “I have lost r.o time la collectingand making public cor rect information as to tbe ravages oftbe storm on thi> island. Suffice it here to say, that upwards of six hundred dwellings have been destroyed, ard an equal number injured; that scarcely a public handing has escaped injury; that many { lac« of worship and tcboolbooscs have bees lown down, and all have been damaged; that a majority ot the principal warehouses and stores In this city have been thrown down, or severelyJnjared: that of 212 vessels and boats which floated m harbor on the morning of tbe Ist of October, oil but one had sunk or been driven fl’-hore before the next day bad dawned, and that IS2 had be>n broken np or greatly Injured; that tbe standing crop of provisions and fruit have been destroyed, the gardens partiafiv unrooted »i<U tie fields and orchards to a great'degree laid bare.” Tbe ont Islands generally exhibit a similar spec tacle. Tbe rum of fTVOOu was voted by the Leg itiatnre to repair damages. Tbe work of restora tion Is progressing rapidly. THE METHODIST CHURCH. Interesting Statistic* of tta Growth and Present Strength. The Chritikm Advocate of New York calls from the pi oof-sheets of the General Minutes of the Methodist Conference the following statistics of the Methodist Chnrch In the United States. The Adrocofr says: In every department of the chnrch there has been real and noteworthy progress, and the cenlcnnarv year closes with a most en couraging indication of prosperity. iNXTXL CONFCRCS-CES, Of these there are sixty-four, an Increase cf four over the previous year. At their recent session, the bishops made provision for the organization ol three new ones, making a total for the year ISGT of sixty seven, an Increase over 1565 of seven. The number of travelling preachers Is ■Uo.G —an Increase over the previous year of 401. Of these. C. 257 are t iTectlve (that Is, taking full work to which they arc assigned by the bishops.) 661 are supernumeraries, and 40; ore turned superannuated. Daring the yearTf travelling preachers located. S 3 died, and US) were admitted on triaL The number of local preachers is 6,002. an in crease of missionaries not embraced in tbe annual 209. The total ministerial force, not Including the bishop?. Is 10,175, being a net increase of CIO. Philadelphia Conference has the largest nnmbcr of travelling minis ters, namely, 271, and Colorado the smallest, namely, 0. In local preachers Philadelphia also excels, having 351; Nevada reports only C, which is the smallest nnmber. 3f£Mßatsuir. The total membership reportedb 1,032,131, an increase during the year ot 102,325. This Is In excess of the number wc gave last week, the difference arising from the correction of the returns of one ot the conferences by the Secretary. This is an increase during the vear of over eleven per cent. The number of baptisms stands thus: Adults, 47,419; child rtn, 35,530; total, £2,955, being an increase of 15,209 adults, and 2,051 children, or a total Increase of baptisms of 20,914. During the year 12,214 members died. These are not In -AUfcifinc thc‘lncK2S?*J re find th ? l during the year aOeari 115,139 the Methodist Episcopal Church. cncßca edifices axd n.nsojfSC3r_,. The number of churches (houses of SJT ship) is 10,4C2, being an increase of 420. The estimated value Is §29,594,004. an increase of §2.543,502. The number of parsonages Is 3.514, valued at §4.420,953, an increase of 171 m number, and of $24,23? In value.,The total value of church edifices and parsonages is $31,014,962, being an increase of $2,307,729. DILVBVOLEXT COLLECTION'S. The following arc the summitries of the contribution for the principal benevolent causes, omitting all receipts from legacies: Conference claimants (worn-out preach :rs and widows and orphans of ministers who have died in the work), $107,893.89. an in crease of $24.783.06; for Missionary Society, $671,090.GC, an it crease of $69,036.83; for Tract Society, $23,319.36, an increase of' $1,036.06: fur American Bihle Society, an increase of $5,495.19; for Sun day school Union, $19,850.89, an increase of $782.44: the total contributions for these causes Is $029,221.84. This is an increase over the returns of 18650 f $91,073.47. ' .*184,553,961 331,751,028 157,i«,7t>a 310,431,699 SUNDAY SCHOOLS. OUOVAI <JVUVUM. Total achoolfl 14,015, an increase of 96; of ficers and teachers. 163,191, an increase of 6,493; scholars 960,622. an increase of 45,893; volumes In library, 2,044,291, an Increase of 169,195. The Sunday School Advocate, at the close of the volnmcln October, Issued a regular edition 0f300,000 copies, a largo in crease over the preceding year. COXPASA72TS PBOOBJ3S. By examining the official returns of the confurences for the whole century, and com paring them by decades from 1776, we hare the following table 53 if I fl Is. Is | |s SI So ■ =o n *1“ ‘«3n 17«6 in SI 33,(89 15.768 1796 » 176 55.6 M 55.973 1806 03 153 TT^OS 1816 695 30 a 1.733 SS.U3 1836 V4U6 711 issc vaa wa ammoi \sa 04 at Cruder. S37i jATZ 2£» SOUR 156 j?« •By tic withdrawal and separation of Southern contcreuces m it>l4, organizing the Methodist Episcopal Church Sonih, the McthoJist Episcopal Church lost 1,315 travelling preachers, and 498,2H3 members, and yet so rapid was her growth during the decade, that at its close (two years after the separation), there was a net gain of CM preachers, ana a lack of only 6,SU members, making up the number lost. RETURNS BT CONFERENCES. The following table shows the number of travelling and local preachers, and the total members, by conferences, giving also the In* crease in each; Conference*. fi S | |. 3 I |- i ? Baltimore. ifc *94 U.OK *SI“ Black Rnrer 209 U 3 S4.IS dec. 405 caitiorui* as 4.(8: dec. 23 Central Gera«t 92 90 WM 265 Ccatni IJllnol* m 223 SUM J.2ST Central Ohio US 160 19.141 Cincinnati 160 527 Colorado. DeUvarc... De- Molaes. Detroit 163 180 lUI9 1/OJ Ea-t ualttraore 25t 160 35J03 Eatt Genesee 13 147 ».IJO fill Eulcm German. East Maine. Erie Ococtec. Crmaa;»BdSihiiertioi£ 59 SS **73l HoUloO IS7 13,211 12.1TJ India lodlua. Far»is* Kn.tnc*? 89 97 6^06 Liberia Mlnlor 17 S 1.133 dec. a Maine 13S 7S 12.137 151 Michigan il{« eoti M!‘«lJ»lppl Mistlon 1C IS V 93 ...1 MifMorlaadArkattw 133 133 j£EB 4.K8 KtPrafiU-. ?« 19 I,W . «8 jew LTcJawl! Mr Umpeblre 1» 98 13.03 dec. 1,101 N*mt Jen«y 133 156 J7.T.0 1.04 SrW York 260 163 36.157 New Tort: Kut 300 IDS 59,7a3 2,160 SoTth JrdUna,.... VS! 260 North OUto 113 131 ]S.i>t6 lAW Ncrthv-(»tem(*<rman 79 48 <slt StS Noillivr eastern Indiana 119 i» 17.677 731 Northwestern Wisconsin.. SS SS 3,170 <63 Ohio 163 303 Sl.lffi 2.061 Octida tnvaor Pi-utdclphla. Pittsburg.... Providence. Bock Ifivtr. tenth Carolina Miss it 16 8457 ..... Southeastern In'Uima to ISO lß,ut 1.463 Sou hem llllLOts IB £1 2U4J 671 Southwestern German 19 110 7.oi*t COS Teaccisee........ <0 <9 -3,ITS .... Troy 221 223 26.481 2.037 Upper lowa 131 lt*a Is,<tn iam Vermont. HI 81 «,73 itC. 453 iv**Wnctea ■» 81 mu ww TTi-st Virginia U 2 I*o 10,102 *.O» Wc«,t Wisconsin m i» JAn «s Wisconsin U 9 153 11,936 141 Wyoalng U 5 111 Total .MM 8.502 LP3MM Last year 7,175 8,193 9»,259 Increase. NASBY. Tito November Elections—3 Zr. Natby Prcuclic* a Sermon—“No nan Pattetb New Wlno Into Old Houles,” &c. [From the Toledo Blade 1 Coxrmtu r a Roabsl (wich Is in the Stall uv Kentucky, > November IG, ISGC. ) When the news uv the result of the lUlnoy election. reached the Corners, there wuz a fcelln uv ouoaalness wich wastrooly a {lectin, .hut when the crushln intelligencearovo that Hoffman wuz beeten in Noo York there wuz a prostration wich wuz only ekcllcd when the Intelligence of Lee's surrender reached us. IVe expected defeat In XUinoy, and some uv the other Slates, but we hed hopes that Noo York wood go Dimocratic, that hU Eggalency mite her some show nvbackju by the people, andconsckcntly some cxcooffs/or coutmyoolu to enforce his policy. But that hope wuz taken from ns, and uv the cntlre'populashcu 1 wuz the only one who had sufllshcat stamina to preserve the semblance of cheer* tailless, ami that wuz only on akkonnt uv my bcrin the Post Offis. Elections coodcnt take that from me—it Is a rock wich the waves nv popler Indignashefi cant wash away thank the Lord, for ef they cood, how many nv us wood to-day bo holdin our places ? Still I felt overwhelmed, and sorrowfully I entered Bascom’a. There, with their heads bowed in sorrer and tears Cowin from their venerable eyes, sot Deckln Pogratn, Elder Slaters, and a few others nv the Saints, who cz 1 entered, mckanlkally rose and stood afore the bar; mekanlkally, Bascom, who wuz likewise bowed down with greeLsotoat the itiTiguralor. meknnikally we dosed our selves, and, still In a dare, makaaik&nv I • moved out without payiu Bascom bein too full uv sorrer to notis It. it was deemed proper, In view uv the great calamity, that services stood ho held in the chnrch, and at 3 p. m„ (wich with us mite be set! to mean post mortem,) we slowly and sadly died In, the only smilia countenance in site bein that uv ansjrgcr at the door, who wuz wuust beltid over the bead for looklo happy. I gave ont the hymn: “Broad |# the road with Iced* to death,” •and it wuz snug with tctchln After the weepiu lieu subsided aim I got my iccl ins calmed down so cz to permit me to speck, I commcnst cxplainia to em the causes nr the result. It wuz, I sed, a chastenln sent onto us for our sins; a stnpln becoz we bed exalted our Lor- iu our prluc; that, glory In In the possession uv the post oillces, the col leclorsliips, the assessorships aud sich, wc bad become vaingJorions and potTca up, and careless In performance uv doo ties. Thcr wuz niggers In Kentucky a gom about free, and impiously scttlu at naught the decrees uv Providence which con demned em to bo servants uv their brethren; and beer I digressed to eloocydatc a pint, I bed seen stridors in a Boston paper onto the common practis uv amalgamashen iu the South, with paper held up the practis to the condemnation uv pious men. ** My breth ren,” sedl, “them Boston Abllshnists her no cleer uv the skripter. When Dam wuz oust by Noar, wat wuz that cass, ‘lie shall be a servant unto bis brethren. Not unto strangers—not unto the Philistine or the Girgcshite, or the Millcrllc, hut unto bis brethren 1 Qow cood be bo servant unto his brethren except thro amalgamashen? Onlecs we amalgamated with cm, bow wood the male niggers be our brethren? Oh my brethren, we wnz obliged to do these things that the skrlptcrs mfte be fulfilled, and to the credit uv the Southern people be it set? that they never shrunk from the perform ance uvdooty. The per cent nv vellcr nig gers In this State attests how faithful Ken tucky hez bin. But to rcsoom. TTc bev sinned in permit tin skools to come In and unfit cm for their normal and skriptural condishen, hut these is not all. My brethren go to Esn. Mc- Gavlu’s and get the township Bible, and search till you tiud this ycr tex: “And no man puttelh new wine lata old bottles, else the new rac doth bust the bottles, and the nine I* splFed.” My brethren, wich Is the bottles? The Dlmocriaey, uv coarse, and the most uv cm may be considered old ones. We hcv aclid as bottles, carrying about fiooids, not pre chely wine, but the modem substitute therefor, from our earliest iotanev. Wich is new wine? The Abllahinlsts wich follered Johnson, uv course. New wine is so wuz they. New wine fizzia—so did they. New wine hez strength for a minlt—so bed thev. New 'wine is unreliable— so wuz they. At Philadelphia, the put tin uv this wine Into old bottles wuz actom nliehcd—at that accursed place, anshent Dimocrisy wich bciceves in Ham and Hager, met and fell onto the nex uv Sewardana Doolittle, wich invented Abllshinism, and we mingled our leers together—the new wine wnr put Into the venerable old bottle uv Dimocrisy, and notwithstaudln we hooped it with Federal-patronage it busted, and great wuz the bust thereof; and the fragments uv the bottle wuz prone onto the earth, and the new wine is mnnin round pcrmlscn*. So wuz the Skriptcr fulfilled. And. my brethren, while yon arc at the Squire's huntln up that tex, keep on till yoo find another, to wit: “No man shoeewetbaplece avoid cloth onto a new garment, else the new pices that fllisth it up taketh it away from the old, and the rent is made worse.” My hearers. Dcmocriay •went to Phlladel pby in a soot of gray, wich It bed bln a wcarln for lire years. It was Uooly old, and Ifcer wnzgreerjousrcntsia It, made mostly by bayonets and sich. Oh,, why wuznt we content to \rear itt Why, wuz we not satis fied with It? Agio wuz the skripters ful filled. We patched up theConfedrit pray with Federal blue; we put onto the back, Seward ; onto Xhe knees, Randall; onto the shoulders. Cowan, and onto the scat, John son, and ther wu z stitched together with Posloffisis. fiat it couldn’t hold. The skrip trrs wnz fulfilled—the old cloth wuz rotten, and one by enc patches fell off, womewhat dirtied, and takin with em a part ur the old, and the rents iz bigger than before. Oar coat Is basted at the elbows, our pants is {raved round the bottoms, ont at the knees, and from behind the flag uv distress wavolh drearily In the cold wind. J£y brethren, we will succeed when we slick to our Integrity. Wat wnz the yoose ut our assoomln what we did not her ? ' Wat wuz the senee nr our as kin our people to rote for Kernels for Cougris, wich had doorin the war drafted their sons ? Wat wuz the yoose of talkin constitonshnel amendments to men who spozed that Internal Improve ments andNashnel Bank wuz still the ishoo? Wat wnz the yoose nr lettln go our holt on nigger equality, wich Is the right bower, left bower and ace nr the Dlmocrlsy, Us tower nr strength, Its anker and chcefcst trust, and. wich is easy of comprehension and eminently adapted to the Democratic inter lock, and takin np questions wich will all bo settled ten years afore they begin to com prehend cm ? In breef, wat wuz the sense, my brethren. In puttin new wine In old hot* tics—-nr pat chin old cloth with new? Let ns be warned and never repeat the fatle error. The congregaahen dispersed somewhat sad ly, but ez they gethcrcd at Bascom’s to dis cuss the sermon, 1 wuz gratified at obserrio - risible Improvement In their temper. Bas a ■ hlssclf hnsselcd around lively; Dcekln com 'remarked that probably It wuz un- to put new wine into old tubs. sKnpioonpjda’lheTauijec that the prohi but cz he tk blahcn extended to new whisker, he’d risk it, bust or no bust, and be pfzcned hii-elf very mnch In the old style, and Elder bla ther and Kernel McPelter so far recorded their sperlta er to hang the nigger I. men* shotted in the bcglnnin cr looked pleased at the church. The Corners Is rapidly gettln itsclflagln. Petboleum V. Nasbt, P. si., (wicb is Postmaster.) THE MAH BIAGE OF VENICE. Grand Entree of cite Italian Troop*. [Correspondence of the New York Tribane.l PEPABTUBB OF TUB AUSTRIAN SATIiAP. From the Molo of San Marco, where the Bishops so oft came down to bless tbe Farra guts, Porters and Wordens of the Republic, a soldier in the sky-blue coat of the Aus trian, sailed off, on Friday, the 19th of Octo ber, to join a sh'p close by, bearing a yellow and sable flag, embroidered with an eagle. It was the last Austrian Governor of Venice, tbe last Gessler of Ills, race. General Ale mann. The quay was thronged with peo ple ; girls, national guards, ladles, old men. They made a silent path through them to the water’s edge, whence passed the Austrian, a bearded man of iron gray, full of those out ward graces which arc learned In his mili tary school; a man who could command tbe exicntion of Kossuth or Garibaldi with quiet dignity, and go to bed thereafter with out remorse. He and his troops, who had silently sailed- away the night preceding, n {.the darkness and without observation, were all of the stolid graclousncsa which obeys orders without passion and executes injustice with the denortmeut of a dancing master. As his gondola passed off he raised his hat. A silent waving of handkerchiefs from the quay gave him farewell. There was no regret m the soul of any man or woman thus saluting him, except the natural solemnity of this polite breaking of chains and tbe flnsb of freedom tempered for an in stant with tbe sadden comprehension of Us grave responsibilities. His gondolier landed him, still waving his hand, upon the deck of an Austrian ship. One gun of adieu sounded over the lagoon, and Venice contained no soldier save her own, no law bat the free behavior of her people, no-flag of any desig nation. When this Austrian Governor took his shadow from her quay, his sail from her waters, a pause, like a sigh, like madness, like death, ensued. The piazza, the pioz* zetta, tbe arcades, the hoaoo-lops. were filled with people. Twenty thousand stood there, In silence, like bewilderment. Not an oar broke the water, not a cry pealed on the land, no bell sounded, no jeer, nor laugh, nor tread of feet, shook the solemn, vacant pause. Suddenly, like a flash of the spectrum, a trl-color flag ran up to the peak of the Cam panile. A group of men-of-war mounted the harbor lighthouse. Their port-holes grew white and, thunderous. A field piece In the Piazza answered them back. Those resonances broke tbe stupor of the people. With a shout like the falling of the city, they fell into each other’s arms. vivaevtiva! la vxxjse! 33J.5Q3 UUSM 3fi 103 6.123 1.2« 84 xa u,oa» j^a a 25 90 17 10,6:7 M »l 273 30270 3,163 wn Qt; U 3 88 IR4 851 139 354 37,437 3.741 W 203 17JVJ5 68 1M 5.937 No moment of victory, no salvation from disgrace or tlic grave, seemed ever to rae like that scene—the kissing of men on lips and cheeks—the clasping of old, toothless, unsteady-eyed fathers to the arms of their strong, weeping sons—the lifting of elul dren, one by one, oVer and over again. In frantic succession, to tho checks of their sires—the embracing. In one long, ardent sobbing transport of emotion, of brothcrs, sisters, and mothers of faded hairs—the kneeling of patriarchs on the stones, un manned, raising to the sky their pinched palms—tho embracing of .school children, made men by the great recognition of freedom—the ecslacy of sweethearts, in whom even love was conquered by freedom, silently, with folded hands, lookiog-at the streaming distance of the banner. Then, fr-m each ’of the three great gonfalon stares that decorated the piazza, other and similar flags swung to the sunshine. Like the rushing of spirits from the tenements, a flag fell over every portal In the city. A flag scaled the topmost dome of the Cathedral. The Dncal Palace became a huge balcony of bunting. Everv craft In the harbor, as if hoisting sail, ran up the national standard. It wont like a human presence up the Grand Canal. The most pinched and paltry canals were canopied with It. No hat so poor bat It showed the holy emblem. No man so cold but be gave It to the wind. None, but one Cardinal, himself an'ltalian, but of expatriated soul, who out of his littleness, in satire and rage, rather than In Christian love, set over uls palace-a tiny tri-color, no bigger than a paper scrap of papal money. Directly there wus a rush of young men iuto his hall, and over his wlndoT-sm they spread the battle standard of the excommunicated King. Now the bells began to play In the innumerable churches. Harpers and choristers stole iurt h and struck the notes of Garibaldi’s Hymn. The ardent thousand fell Into Uncundechoed the refrain, as if the lion of St. Mark were roaring the music. Out of the Bridge of Sighs the flag of emancipation floated. They struck the bars from the Austrian dungeons, and looscncdltbc bound for country’s sake. Above tho long degraded Arsenal the sea breeze lifted the new and welcome ensign. It tipped the Rialto like a blossoming key* stone. Through the clo»e business thorough, fares of the Merccria it made a solid roof of green and crimson. It shook to the repeated discharge of glad cannon, and went in inter minable procession across the piazza, campl, and into the dark seclusion of the city. As If by Its invocation, brass bands started up to hail it. Their clangor was like the soil* ness of song to the great turbulence of joy they soothed. No thief lu tbmcliy thought of plunder now. No pedigrci? arose to any mind, democratic in the general Joy. And In the pitch ot the happiness a cry run over the multitude, “Our artav Is coming down the Grand Canal 1” TBE NATIONAL TROOPS—ENTRANCE OF TUB NATIONAL TROOPS. 765 sis isSu 677 S 3 B.7JJ 1,773 'a a dec. IW 111 30.971 ... 191 TSI 19. W 457 .. St (! SI7 ... 371 351 5*,7»| S«5 ... 3N 40.181 8A97 90 16.433 193 333 30.473 1.933 ga ima Tho railway depot lies at the western end of the Grand Canal, remote from the Djge’s palace. Thither de-cended from the trains, •wilt ou U»o retreating stream of the Aus trians, the battle-marked soldiers of the kingdom. They put al their head two mili tary hands In gondolas. Behind came the broad form of General Claldioi. covered with decorations. Then the National Guard of \ enlcc followed iu barges, three regiments of infaotry-of-the-line, a regiment of Bcrsa glieri. and a company of Suppers last era barked, with General Revel, the new Gover nor, at their head. To mnsieffhat every cit izen knew, they descended the rich arcade of the canal. Flowers were showered upon them. The banka of the canal rang w!*h emu. Every Gothic palace smiled ia its antique tracery. There were no colors in the home of Count Chambord, tho Bourbon help to the French throne, or Uenry Cinq, os he Is called. . But from the home of the f qa caris, from Lord Byron's lodgings, from tne residence of aisrsm, tho last of the Doges, the colors and welcomes fell, as from every other carved door, upheld by smiling giant carytides, carved in coaU-of-orms, guarded by winged lions. At the Palace GaUUniaai the American Consul unrolled the Flag of the American Union. General Ciatdini arose, and removed hts hat to It, as did all bis staff. The regiments os they parsed gave it hearty ril'd*. From the Rialto an t-ged Countess descend ed and decorated the hat of General Revel with the battle dagof Venice In tho revolt ofl&O. 1 kept my place upon this celebra ted viaduct, and sawj soldiery defile beneath me, with the enthusiasm of the citizen peo ple. They went like a carnival of the past under the marble wails, a procession of glory come back after long wandering- Their mu sic was not ol victory, but of happiness. It was no national spectacle, but a human ap peal, beautiful as the skv above, and worthy of the fame of the ancient Republic. Ar rived at the Piazza of St. Mark, tho soldiers were reviewed. When they stepped oat of lino they were embraced bv the people, who contended with each other for the privilege of entertaining them. The only person I saw untouched by this beautiful reunion was an Englishman, who said: “Oh, yas! ya*3 I da* say I but the city will sadly miss its Austrian customers, you know.” That night note slept. Two brass bands on the Ducal Square made music responsive ly. It was carnival to Illuminations, rockets, choruses. Every citizen carried on his breast or in his bat the label “ Li" (or “ Ves,”), which referred to the approaching plebiscite or vote, as to whether Venice should annex hemlfto the Kingdom of Italy. The whole city during three days did not cast a single “No.” This jubilation was kept np all the week, and the Sunday succeeding, a day beautiful even in Venice, was holy as worship in its open thanksgiving. THE OU) CUSTOMS O Y VENICE REVIVED. While these material good things come at once, there are ancient institutions that come back, mirage-like. At - o'clock the Moorish giants in the gilded clock tower raise their iron maces. As if out of the vibrations ol the bell, come an in finite number ofpieeons. They settle under the campanile, and a grave old lady walks out to feed them. Ten thousand people look on. No bird of the multitude flies away empty on the cheer that whirls them up ward. Alone the mole of the Riva degil Schiavonl, the longest open promenade of Venice, the forbidden mountebanks and story-tellers open their booths and lilt their voices. They mrsom and unbosom all degrees of horror, make bon nidi to revile the Saxon, and point to Rome with many an earnest grimace. The splendid procession sweeps along, so gay, so free, so docile, that the In nocence of man seems almost restored,when lambs and tigers loitered in company, I did not see one lewd leer, one nnsccnly*woman, one forward boy, Under the unbroken cano py oi flags the most beautiful and the most hungry went in wondrous file, with all the warm contrasts of gear and garb that set so well in the superb skies of the Adriatic; the head dress of crimson, the shawl Into which the stars and the tints of mid-day. the glitter of gems and the plumages of birds are plunged as by some splendidly fortuitous chemistry; the tasselated gaiters* light as the pinions of Mercnry or the beaks of doves; the bright braids of Italian halr„lrcsh as the dew upon the ebony tree, and blossoming here and there with the mo saics of Venice and its crystal ornaments. Alt the. spectacle was warm as art In the tropics. So many ladies bad not been seen In the streets of Venice fur twenty years. So manv of the best orders had never been seen at all. The trump of freedom, like the tramp of the mighty ousel, had broken the gates of palace vault and the urns of venerable re cluses. To music of belts and harper?, on this purest of Sabbath days, the city of Venice, in saintly carnival, rendezvousing at the Piazza, ponred across, the ireqnent bridges and felt the sea with his ancient breath sweep up like a bridegroom to the feet of bis returned queen. In the Canale lit San Marco, the Italian ships were an. churcd- All da $ their gangway plank, were free to any, ascending or descend ing, and burnt eyed gunners showed the bra zen-guns. Women and men ponred In and out of them—wooden and iron-clad, tant, smart, or shivered In action—and stem duty for the day became only kindness. Iu the Public Garden, which makes the sharp point of the city toward the sea, and is very like the Battery at New York, two horsemen rode all Sunday afternoon amid great delight. There are old men tn Venice who have never seen any four-footed beasts bat a dog, and these horses were, in some sense, a curious show. On thcTth of November King Victor Eman uel will make a grand entry into the Queen City of the Adriatic. The preparations for this fete will outrival those lor the great feu dal spectacle of the BucenUur, THE COMMERCE OF BOSTON. Alarm at theßnbof the Universe. The citizens of Boston are alarmed about their western and foreign trade. The Bos ton Post has an editorial article on the latter subject, which may well make the “ solid men” of the New England metropolis un easy. It shows that from 1340—the period when the first steamship arrived at Boston from England—to 1845, tbe value of tho real estate of the -city had increased $33,000,000, and the real and personal estate hud in creased to tbe amount of $74,253,800. In 1840 the first foreign steamship line to Now York was established, and during tho years immediately succeeding, the value of the imports and real estate of New York rose enormously. The New York lines in creased in number, while those of Boston decreased, until now, as the Potf says, Boston has not a single transatlantic steamer under her own control, and tbe two foreign steamers which make semi-monthly trips by way of Halifax may at any moment be withdrawn. It Is to this diminution of steamship lines that tbe Post attributes the fact that in 1559 the foreign imports at Bos ton only reached the value of $41,000,000. and In 1864 fell to $30,000,000. This is one view of the cause of the com mercial retrogression of Boston. The rem edy proposed is the subsidy of steamship lines by tho city. In other words, the natu ral demands of the foreign trade of Boston arc not sufficient to "sustain even the steamship lines once by private enterprise, and artificial support is now suggested. Another view was presented on Monday afternoon, at a special meeting of the Boston Board of Trade, by Josiah Quincy. It seems that be, with many other prominent Bostonians, bad felt that the railways Intended to connect their city with tho iludson River, and the great West, have failed to accomplish the purpose for which they were bnllt. When the west ern Railroad was first put in operation this object was tolerably well achieved, but since then the Western and Worcester roads have not adjusted their accommodations to the vast Increase of business west of the Hudson. Mr. Quincy says that during the last ten years the Western Railroad Com pany has added but two hundred and twelve cars to Its running stock: the Worcester road not one. Dnringtbesamc time the New York Central Railroad Company—which Mr. Quincy calls “one of the continuations of this line has added two thousand and ninety-live cars. On this Mr. Qnincv re marks ; “The engineers and railway officers, whose leMJmosf la appended lotbe report, are ol op‘.al<>a that. with a doable track and mil equipment, the Western Railroad cunlddo Are times its present business, and transport ten itmosani tons a day, or iwo-tblrda the amount received at Albany.” He asserts that tbe managers of the West ern and Worcester roads “oppose everv change which involves the possibility of a diminution of their profits, and all proposals for ulterior but contingent advantages. * * * Their obligations to the sharehold ers require them not to do more business, hut to find out how cot to do it.” ♦ * ♦ “ Thus it appears the State and citizens have expended millions in endeavoring to facili tate Intercourse with the West, and then have placed the entire and absolute control of the road in-thc hands of men who arc in r.o degree responsible to them, whose inter est and whose duty, as they understand It, is not to do the very thing intended by the State and original subscribers.” 31r. Qulncy'cnters Into an elaborate dem onsttatlon that tbe rates of tare and freight could profitably be muchlessoncd by increas ing the amount of business.* He quotes Mr. Galt, an eminent English authority on rail road matters, who says: “The policy hitherto acted upon hr railway di rectors, and considering ihem «s irndeiy, not an unfair one, has been to keep the public in com plete ignorance of the Internal working of onr railway system, so tar as regards the extremely low rkto at which passengers and good* can ho conveyed on railway.-*. Bat aq iagesiotu chair man might say: ‘The fact is that wo and all oth t companies can carry at exceed ing low rates. A Ural-class passenger wo can car. ry tear miles lor a of a cent) a second-class passenger six miles for a farthing' and a third-class ten miles for a farthing, and all beyond that, with fairly loaded trains, ia prohL’ “ When Ihe public code to know Unt a passen ger can be conveyed two hundred miles tor two pence half-penny (or five cenls>,ftr which ho Is charged eight shillings and four pence (or two dollar*-), and ibaf a 100 of coal can be brought from the north of England for about a shilling (twenty-tear cents), the cost being there six or' seven shillings, and the price lu London four or five times that sum,ll requires no prophvt to faro* tell that the days of railway monopoly, in private bands, win in this country soon be n*.m bervd.” Hr. Quincy’s propositions arc: First, that the State shall purchase tho Worcester Rail road at one hundred dollars a share, and the Western at an equitable rate. Second, that the State shall make a permanent lease o' them to the city of Boston, which shall in crease the facilities of the roads and reduce the fare to one dollar a passenger and two dollars a ton from Albany to Boston, os soon as the requisite changes and enlargements are completed. Mr. Quincy’s address is high ly complimented and sustained by nearly all the Boston papers. Wcshali discuss his prop osition at some other time. PBESIDEST JOIiSSO.VS PLAN. Iho Plan of Codctmk and the Plan l/emnuded bjr /lie CrbK fTrom the New Vork llaxM November 21. J President Johnson's plan 01 Southern restora tlor. lulling m the South, discarded by Conare-s and condemned In the North, la dead and done for. la the outset, with }t» three conditions pre cedent, vlr_: The recognition of the supreme Na tional sovmlprty of Hie United Slates, the rall- Ccailotj ol the Constitattosal Amendment abolUh m*j slavery, andtbe repudiation of the debts and ooligations of ti<c rebellion, It seemed to be a lair and promising programme. It started off handsomely, iti the absence of Congress and un der the fiilmulns of Executive pardons; but the S'ate ic-orKftnUtttloDß thus effected were ?l:p --thud ar.'t too tooecly pat together to pass an ex amination under anyto-toi the Constitution or ■ the law of r.alloiu. The civil ilgbti of thslibe imoil hlacts, and (be tmuortant qaogtioti of ue pro eunragu and negro representation, were meantime left untonchcd; for the feadtag Ides oi Mr. Johnson wn- to restore the disabled States, op far as possible, with ihclr old Slat.* rights tmset, og before the war. T tils was a grave rnislahe, and It wa.* followed too far, as event-* have shown; bat it could have been cn.-ily repaired tad the President adhere! to his original declarations, that -bis provisional work ««» iuhjeci to the approval or rejection of Congress This was the rook noon wb ; cb bo foundered—assuming au equal jurisdiction with Congress, and the popular verdict of me late noitbcn. elections In rejecting his policy and his defcacvof Ihecontse be has pursued lu hi? con flict with Congress, amounts to a decree front the sovereign people taking this business from his baedfi and reuuriog It absolutely into the bantu of Congress. Deuce the present views, inclina tions and purposes of the President in this matter are Important oclr so far as they arc llka y to operate m lacUitatlng or retarding a settlement by Congrcf s. 1 be plan of Congress, endorsed by all the North ern Stales, h that embodied in the pending Consti tutional Amendment. It appears to be. however in the face of these recent elections, go bitterly re fugnant to the South as to be hopeless of any volji tary ratification in that quarter during the cxt-Lug generation of leading Sontheru poiltl clans. Inc especially obnoxious feature of the amendment to those politicians, is the section which excludes from all Federal offices hereafter, till absolved by a two-iiurds vote of Congress, a Ctitfaln cla*fl of the Sonthern leaders td.nulled -''J, ami followers plead that the dishonor of their own condemnation Involved in this condition, they must at all hax srda reject with scorn and disgust- This is a serious difficulty. Dow is It to be removed t The dmy of solving the problem will devoirs opon Congress. The alternative presented is the exclusion of the unrecognized States to the end of luc present generation, nr some modifications of the amendment, morder to bring them in without further loss of time. A general amnesty will at once remove the main difficulty indicated, and universal suffrage will settle all the embatrass- In< ? l^.? r *” D s * ,om the negro question. But the prejudices or caste and color cultivated in the ronib for two hundred years, arc eo Infnaed Into Use blood and boceg of thr Southern whim race that they revolt nt the idea of negro political equality, and will never consent fo it. What tlenl is the Union to remain diaoriranis-d and discordant. Is the South to be Indulged Indefinite ly in a quasi state ot rebellion, witu fheva»t re sources of wealth, trade and prosperity Mn» waste, ard with Its people drifting to sedition* nots and anarchy, because Southern prejudices blcck tic wayr No! There must be a remedy umSf S ,be 1 11 "'^* h0l °'“““* President Johnson has said that if there are but five thousand good acd loyal men in one of the e disabled States they are enough for Its reconstruc tion. Congress, then, in a law providing for ccr i? lu Si r,ail £ c H atc elections, and defining, as the /resident has done, who shall he voters, wi;h the power and authority given to Genera! Grant to t-a torce the law in tie*o el* ctiocs. may very readily overcome this aforesaid objection to caste and color. Some sscb legislation, beginning al the bottom, i* evidently demanded for Southern re construction. The interests ol the botrb, th** North, ibt; Treasury aad of the whole Union, de mand this legislation. Beginning the work of re construction, then, d* Tuto. Congress, in as en abling act, has only to weed out the hnpractlca b.c atcesh and fire-eating elements of the states concerned and to put General Grunt on gourd, iu order to make the work of Southern restoration a* simple as the role of sabtracPoa. The first es sential is to accept the self-evident facts that the President ■*. work of reconstruction is jq eoSar ias»iacnt, thatCongreiama-tbezinaiiho be«in n»n~,fromYirginiaio Texas.lnasmnch aaihere tH.mon, from hie Potomac to th* Rio Grande though oirarmed. still remain? to be subdued. DEATH-DEALING OTTLEHENrS. A New Rifle—Breech-Loading Doable Barrelled Cannon—A New Powder. The Berlin correspondent of the London Thus* gives the following account of some murderous inventions Just brought out in Europe; • *• Industrious in his green old age as in hts younger years, Heir von Drcyfc, the Inventor of the needle-gun, has completed several new weapons, said to surpass the old ones in many respects. The first Is a rifle entire ly of Iron with a semi-circle hook where the butt end ought to be. Bv the shoulder fitting into this horseshoe-like temlnatlon the aim is considerably steadied, an advantage of no small moment for ordinary shots, especially in the thick of the battle. The barrel has a coating ol some composite substance to pre vent its scorching the fingers after several discharges. Jtt is three pounds lighter and seven shillings cheaper than the present needle-gun, can be tired eight times io a minute, and in the bands of an experienced marksman hits a man at the distance ofa thousand paces. In addition to this one we have another specimen from the hands of the same ingenious gunsmith, looking exactly like the first, only that the barrel Is a little more bulky, and the bore proportionately wider. “The projectile belonging to the la ttcr gun tells at a distance of fifteen hundred paces, and, by bursting into eight pieces atinb mo ment of striking, approaches in its effect the deadly execution done by the modem grenade. Ammunition wagons are as easily ex ploded by it as by shot thrown from a can non, and as its weight admits of Us being carried by men of ordinary strength, it H this rifle to which, in the eyes of Usorgina tor, ousht-to be accorded the palm. “The internal mechanism of both new rifles is that of the needle-gun in an improved form. One of the amendments introduced is the rapid retreat of the needle after pierc ing the tpiegtl and igniting the cartridge, which not only adds to the celerity of the discharge hut also protect? the needle from being burnt. It is tbc practice now to sup ply every soldier with & couple of reserve needles. “But a 5 till more remarkable instrument • for the prompt and.ortlslic transference of an animate being from the state ot life to that of death than any of the foregoing has simul taneously with them left tne famous work, shop at Sommerda. This Is a breech-load lug double barrelled cannon,with the ammu niilon chest Inserted between the tw,» f,,. and semi-circular hooks, scchfcj l>ef„ re ‘H*‘ scribed, Oxcd at the end. No more than’ man Is needed to Vork each barrel iL-iV monition being propelled towards UicTjZ' ner by a simple process, ami faille int allotted place directly the valve i, r- mo-ed Each barrel firec off on an average foar a minnte, the two together uceuidindy £ charging eight in lhat space ofllins. few who have seen the instrument in oner atlon speak of the effect both morally S' physically of its continuous tollct as torn*, thing tremendous. Dreyse constructs soeci ments of different calibre, correspoudiugU the three-pounders and six-ponnde-Htifibc Prussian service. A conical projectile ahnt from (he heavier sort wassecn to pmetrate an iron plate two inches thick, and ignite the wooden frame behind, at two thousand Bees. For further details conceruinz these icrcsting ptoductiona we shall have l„ wait t* I they arc more freely circulated among the public. For the present, th* few models extant are In the hands of the war. office, undergoing the strictest scrutiny !>» a special commission of artillery and other officers. ,JleiT von Drcyse was the only one who, while all the world were marvelling at the merits of the needle-gun as monstrated in the late campaign, wasdjj satisfied with the results obtained. comparatively contented with Ila new ef forts, I wonder what is the number of slaia l*e counts upon? “The Impetus given to Ihemurd.-rou* In ventlons by the war is also imticeab!.* ;a~tt, e appearance latheumrket of a new ami ;ui>e. rior powder. It is the discovery of a certain Derr Neumcyer, at Tancha, near I,v : j ; o t ' r and, if the half said In its piaisc be tr.ic destined to rank among the many • competitors of the old article tLa: lately coveted public attention. In user; •• experiments lately conducted bcfi.rt a r.-.rz her of professional gentlemen at ;; Is slated to have been proved: I. T'.rpj* new powder can only explode in a tou *r 4 —* space. When freely exposed to the „;rq burns, but does not go off. This prcclml.'- plosion, both intentional and sfiontancD’;* of powder magazines. Pressure or-mi.;,- shocks do not cause it to ignite, a quill:* which will also tend to preserve mar.v now lost through carelessness. S. It is m ,- c completely consumed by explosion tiui common powder, leaving but a rriilicgr - . due in the barrel. 4. It produces less suml attracts less moisture, and is thcap-.-r than that now In use. 5. Its power of cx I 'W.-..aL> equal to the old article, a bail from an nrj;. uary rillc having rcpealedlv perforat-d i f ilne-tree target three Inches thick at a d:». bccc of one hundred races. I may add tU*. all the qualities mentioned in its comim-nd-i. tion are also claimed for the powder invest ed and manufactured In hi® own mill by Captain Schnltze at Potsdam. The latv.-r product, however, which, among other in grcdlents, consists of sawdust saturated with sulphuric acid, has tbe undeniable ad vantage of not being spoilt bv water, and. moreover, projecting the ball ’further, and with surer aim. than the best sort of the regular carbonic powder. It Is fired by the slightest spark; but as its component pans may bo stowed away separately, and are- e;»si. !y mixed before being made into cirtridg.?, the peril of explosion, is UkuwU-v, dimin ished.” FOM 1 * ICAI. General Balplce,® titer of the Nev York Clfc. wn, says that President Johnson favors Horace Gi ecle j’s e lection to the United S fates Senate Irota New York, this winter, la preference to any other Radical. Re wonld prefer a man in strict accord with his own (Johnson’s) views, were It possible for such a man to he elected. As snch a oae esc* not be elected, Mr. Johnson Is decldr jjy rriendjv to the claims of the Tribune philosopher. Ail the Copperhead papers of New York are advoca ting 3ir, Greeley’s clec'fon, upon about the jam reasons as Andrew Johnson. President M.igona, of lowa College, write* - j the Davenport Gazette a letter couccnim,- IJrar, Vincent, of England, now vlakfng Ibi* Vor.urr-r. oed who will he out West tome time .lunnj v..'- wintcr. He says: “An American, now- abroad, pronounc $ h;n ‘one of the greatest of living Eugll-h orato--.' .v well as one of the most brilliant and-uev- ipa laborers In the Seld of English reform. :snd loe o! the earlier t and able*! of our coacr.-y's Hr. -li-.i de fenders. He care more lhan iwohr.ner. d Kvm on what was called ‘The American vii’esilo;;.’' Our friends In Maryland bad not the to make the bene on Impartial sn3.-a :c. They wonld probably have been beaten on t!i >i as they were w ithoul U. Yt llt is worth remark ing that Hon. Frank Thomas, who stood s.]U»«lt on that platform, la elected by two thon.-and ma jority, carrying every comUy In bis district. Now that elections are over, we hear no mere of the fooiisb story that a larger boSnly was paid ij negro soldiers than to white men. fh.'ro *a* n k a particle of ttnfh /mil, OP of foannaii-.u for ic and as it did not seem to meet with ranch cre dence, or produce much effect, porhap« the that stock it at the head of their column* will ad mit that they were mistaken—ln thinking that their party could make something out of it. Tbo Boston ifcdtcomcs*oat with another article on Impartial annxace,aiiti m the course ut * coinmn ebons lbat Ibis was always a Dcnioc:atic doc trine, asd that by embodying it in tbslr Coc-tiia lions, the fc’ouib will paralyze Radicalism ami exalt the “great Conservative party ” to pane?. Does not a party that can to easily adapt Itself ta circumstaocea deserve to be immortal ? Illinois.—Candidates for officers of tbc IHiaoli General Assembly arc Increasing in numbers. Tbc Champaign L'nlOi* names Uo:. C. It. urines. KeprcoeiiUli.x elect from the Fortieth Distticu a« a candidate for Speaker. Mr. Griegs baa bad iegllative expcrlt-ncs. Ibe Gjz t Uieis ibe name of Caj tain Francis jejruin, of itw “ French Canadian Village*'ol Bourbotiai-. Kan kakee County, for tbe position of door-keeper of the Boose. Captain Seprlu served his country in command ul Company D, Seventy-sixth Kisi meat Illinois VolnKeers and bad also dire? sou* in tbe service, one of übom goffered the horror* of Ander*cuvilic t arCKbc Captain is, oxides. “the happy father of a round dozen of vivacious young Fiencbmcu.’* - ~The fjur counties in Illinois which polled tbc largest comber of votes after Cook, wen: Adams 8,311; Sangamon,S,s3T; IjoSulle,B,loa,aa-1 IVo.u 7.-153. The vote In ImSalle was not a full ou«. It U bad been, it would have reached at lean ii.O •). 1 aSallcis tbc second most populous county sa liic SUV', art! territorially cite largest. —A ccmparhon of the Urloti vote of Fnltca County at the laat election with «bai of 153:. shows an actual gain of Futon slreagib of til voted. Is iso l. Lincoln's vote was 5,*J31, while Logan's on tbe Tib lust., was :j,*l3- The Deino cratlc vole ot this year la just about tbesu-ueu j McClrllan'a vote in ISSI. Pu>t-o may he here | after counted !q tbc column of lelialnc L'epuftji- I Cih eocnti s. llns Mlowii.': are tbe official rctnrai of tbe Fortieth Representative PLt.-ict la thu sui.’: Counties. 15unn. Giiggs. Prieit. Bx«ey. Macon 5,3 a *va.‘J 1,'.-’J I,'ri ‘Module 710 Til S-d sW .Piatt hoi >*ifl .’t* *-lh Champaign 5,31" 2,?ait 1,1 «3 I.^ e( Total. Bntm‘» majority over P:le>t, 1.51.; Griggs over Busey, 1,570. Bobo and Priest were the K-*?ab licau candidates. Kassas.— The next freglslalare of Hamas Is politically classified as follows: Senate. Come, Republican* 161 Republicans 11 Uroiocmte 5 I Democrats...-. Bushwhackers 1 1 BudUwhackcrs 2 Republican ma1...,...10 ( Bipublican maj.... On joint ballot! ‘Hj The fonowjng Is, at present wntiag. a com plete list ol candidates iu Kama?, for Unite*! States Senator, to All the scat made vacant hr the enictde of General Lane. Uls understood that quite a “heap" of names vrtn he aaded to the Catalogue before the Legislature meets : Gen. A. L. Lee, lion. J. I*. Root, Hon. S. C. Pomeroy, Rev. I. s. Kalloch, Ex-Gov. Thoe. Carncr, .lodge A. Akin, lion, Marcos 0. ration, liou. s. N. Wood, Judge T. C. Scars. Con. P. B. MjX'do, Jnogw M. W. Dclahay, Con. C. V. Eskridge. Gen. J. G. Blnnt, 1». B. Plumb, lion. B. G. Boss, Editor S. a. Prouty, Hon. Sidney Clarke, Con. John W. Scott, Per. n. I). Fisher, Hon. KobL Mcßratucy, Judneb. O.lhacher, W. B Barnett, Ex-Got. L*. Koblcson, J. 1). BnuDbacrfi, Judge 1* I>. Bailey, Hoc. C. K. Holliday, Rev. Wetter li. Bans, Col. John c. Vaughan Two new Radical newspaper? have recently been established in Tennessee. One Is the eastern sec tion of the Stale is called the VucuitdL'l jnal, and the other, published in Middle Tennessee, is -etjicd the Eeiiulllcai. A. A. Jones, who was Its prisoned two years by the rebels for his loyalty, has also just established a paper at Morgantown, Western North Carolina, aa the organ of the loyal mountaineers in that section. The Congressional nomination; In Connecticut ore excising an animated dUcnsstou in lbs Jour nals of that State. In the First District Coiouel Eemlng, of Hartford, is likely to be nominated again. In the Second District Sir. Warner la un derstood to be in the field for a renomiuation; while Kew Haven County suggests the names of Henry B. Harrison, of New Haven; S. W. Kul logg, of Waterbary, and Colonel Wm. B. Woos ter, of Derby. In the Third District there Is more activity. The friends of iL-, starkweather, of Nor wich, have presented him as a formidable candidate for the seat now held and probably .desired again by Mr. Brand gee, of New London; while Wind ham County puts in the claim that Norwich has had mete than iu share of oOct-a, and ought to give place io some other mao or equal ability. U therefore names Hon. Gilbert W. Phillips, of Put nam, and H. M. Cleveland, of Brooklyn, with a decided preference for Mr. Cleveland, la the Fourth District there are also indications of a lively canvass for the Union nomlnitioo. Mr. Hubbard bas served the regular term of four years, and he Is expected to retire In favor of eome one ton Fairfield County. Roger Aventl, of Danbury, and Simon B. Beardsley, ol Bridge port, ore spoken of as among the mm best quali fied tcficproaent the district. Mr. Arthur Burtis, a well known citizen of De troit, for some time past encaged In baslarss in Philadelphia, travelled over l,tuj miles to coal his vote for the Republican ticket on the Cth last. He also endured the moat abusive treatment from a notorious Copperhead obstructor of (lections In the Fifth Ward, lor daring to return lo home to vote. At the Presidential election 2nis3, Mr. Burtis made a similar Journey lor the purpose of aiding In the grand Lincoln victory. With such men abounding in Its ranks, the Republican port* can never bo vanquished, by ‘•bread-ond-buucr’* cohorts. PENSIONS aND BOUNTIES. A MANUAL OP TEE PENSION LAW* OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; In?indies forma xeqnbite under Hie act grantin'* ad ditional bounty, passed Hr H-?n --aC. Hannon, of the Sttouu Audi or’s Cilice, oth. Parcs. —7. MsshbigtoD: Morrison Brother*. Sold by A. Sidney Salta, Chicago, P. O Drawer, s‘Ss. The book for pension and bountv claim anU.' • Here are all the laws under which pensions, bounties and • bounty lands are granted. The author-has nicelr clarified all the forms now In use under the authority of the Tension Office and the Paymaster Gen eral's Office. The book contains a concise digest of the most important decisions of the authorities in regard to pensions and boun ties. The most notable features of the work arc that the author is In the Treasury De partment, where his experience hai emi nently fitted him to compile a volume of this kind, and from which he has been able -to draw official material to make his book authoritative; and that the compilation has been made since the Tension and Bonnty Act of last summer was passed, thus enabling" the bounty claimant and the pensioner to manage their own business if they so elect, Ihe whole claim business is made perfectly clear, and we wont to sec a great many of these hooks sold, so that there may be fewer dupes of war claim agents. 1.r.57