Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, November 27, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated November 27, 1866 Page 2
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(Eljicago DAILY, TBI-IYEEKLY AND WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 31 CLABK.ST. There are three editions of the Tamm Issued. lit. Every morelsc, for circulation hy carrier*, ntnran and the mails. Sd. ThcTn-AVmLT, Uondtyi. Wed ntedays and Fridays, tor the malls only; and the Wutxvr, on Thandavi, for the malts and sa'.catour counter and bv newemen. Term* of tLc Chlcoso Tribune. Sally delivered In Uic ettr (per week) S 2.1 •* (per quarter).... 3.33 Sally, to mail subscribers (per annum, paya ble In advance) lti.oo TrtAVeekly.tper UUD, payable la adraaet) tt.oo Weekly, (pefu&nm.tarto c in advance) • 00 tr Fractional parts of the year at the tame rates, pr renoos Copies of cither the Tri-Weekly or Weekly edition*, Tn«y retain tea per cent of the subscription price as a co n: ml salon. Xoncx to SrwntnrES.- .-In ordering the address ol your paper* clunccd. to prevent delay, be enre mad specify vh*t edition yon tike—Weekly, Tri-Weekly, or Dally. Alto. glveyoorrszasKTandfotore address. SST Money, by Draft, Exp-ew, Wqpcj- order*, orta HecUterrd Letters, miybcsentaloor Jlsk. Address TUIiIUNE CO., Chicago, 111. « TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 27,180 C. BOLDING THE KETS. The New York TlorW In a recent Issue counselled the Democratic party to be cheer ful, alleging that though defeated in all the elections, they are still in the majority In the country and hold the keys of political power. It asserts that parties are at a “dead lock,” and that the Republicans arc unable to move hand or foot withoat the consent of the De- mocracy. It would be very gratifying, doubtless, to the Democracy could they see this thing os it is seen by the New York paper. It would be gratifying to the De mocracy to know that they “hold the keys,” but they would doubtless prefer some tangl- ble evidence of the tact. There is a familiar legend that Saint Peter holds the keys of Heaven, and that no one Is admitted through the gate until be opens the lock. Tltc TVbrft? thinks the Democratic party arc similarly situated, and that the Republicans may not enter Into political bliss as long as the Democracy hold the keys. Wc think the Democracy can find a more truthful illustration of their present condi tlon in the picture of the expulsion of our first parents, with an angel with a flaming sword in their rear. It is true, tbc Detnoc- racy have Andrew Johnson to aid them, as our first parents bad a friend in the shape of tbc serpent. But Andrew Johnson can no more restore the Democratic party to power than could the other betrayer restore his victims and dupes to tkc happiness they had lost. It is argued that while the Republican party is In a majority in twenty-three States, the Democrats have a control in thirteen States, and that the aggregate vote of the Democracy In all the States exceeds the ag gregate vote of the Republicans in all the States. Admitting this very anll-Statc Rights view of the case to be true, wherein docs It avail the Democracy to have a majority In fourteen States electing sixteen Representatives in Congress, os long os the other twenty-two States are in the hands of the Republicans and elect more than three fourths of the Congress ? How there can be a “deadlock” between the parlies, when one party has more than two-thirds of both houecs of Congress.will require some cypher- inc. It may be that the “ dead lock ” con* sists in the fact that as long as the ten rebel States, with Kentucky, Delaware aud Mary land, refuse to ratify the Constitutional Amendment, the Republicans arc utterly powerless. Let us see if this be true. Wo hare not beard of cuy proposition to compel by force tbe eleven rebel Slates to ratify the amend* mint; but the declared purpose of Congress to exclude them until they do ratify it, bas just been approved by tbe people, and de clared to be tbe national policy until after Andrew Johnson’s term of office has expired. Excluded from representation In Congress, the same States must be necessarily exclud ed from the Electoral College, and thus de nied all participation in tbe election of either Congress or tbe Presi dent, we do not exactly see how they can bold the keys of political power, or if they do bold tbe keys, of what possible prac tical advantage It is to them, or to the De mocracy North. Politically, or in a mere I parly view of tbe question, the refusal of the rebel States to bo reconstructed and restored to their representation In tbe Congress, is a j decided advantage to the Republicans, but it 1 Is one which that party docs not desire to retain. They want the Union restored to Its original symmetry, and if the rebels will not unite in producing that re sult, then the Republican party will pro ceed and do tbe work alone. It would be well for tbe Democratic news papers and leaders, North and South, to un derstand once for all tliat the action of President Johnson in organizing the so called Governments In tbe rebel States, has never been approved or confirmed by Congress or the people. Hitherto Con gress has permitted the nominal existence of these Governments, In the hope that sooner or later tbe rebels would sec the ne cessity of abandoning the rebellion in fact as well as in name, and'in submitting to the In exorable law of the majority. The amend ment was proposed, and those State Govern ments still adhering to the President hive repudiated the only terms upon which Con gress could by any possibility recognize those so-called State Governments. What is to be done next ? And here arises the occasion for deciding who bolds the keys. Does Congress representing nearly four-fifths of tbe i*cople, or do tbe hitherto privileged clashes in tbe rebel States ? Congress,'having the power, has no other alternative, in view of tbe rejection of Its terms of settlement, than to provide In each of those States for the organization of a legal and legitimate government. Its first duty is to do tor each of them what U did In the case of Colorado. It has to pass an act cre ating In North Carolina a territorial govern ment ; the Governor, Secretary and judi ciary to be appointed by the Pres ident and confirmed by the Senate. In this act it will provide for the ejection of a Territorial Legislature, prescribing the qualifications of the members and ol the electors. At the same time It will provide for the future organization of a State Gov ernment, prescribing the qualifications of the members of the convention and of the electors. When that State Government Is thus organized, It must apply for recognition and admission as a State, and It will be in the discretion of Congress to ad mit it or not. When the State applies with proper evidences of loyalty Incorporated in Its fundamental law, we have no doubt that Congress will speedily admit her. As with North Carolina, so with ell the other States. Who will hold the keys under such circum stances ? The tact Is the rebels may trace all the evils that have befallen them to that ex treme pride which induces them to believe In the professions of those who pander to it. The Northern Democracy pandered to the “superior race” until the latter put themselves in rebellion. The Democracy then left them to fight the battle alone. They have persuaded the South now that It I would be “ ignominious ” to ratify the amendment, and the South, flattered by the 1 appeal to its “ honor,” rejects the only | plank between U and ntter political ship wreck. Perhaps the result Is better as it Is. The usurpation of Andrew Johnson in establish ing State Governments without the previous authority ol Congress might pass into a precedent full of danger and trouble here after. The South having rejected the terms upon which Congress proposed to give a posthumous approval to Johnson's action, it becomes the duty of Congees to proceed ah iniiio and establish Territorial Govern ment- in those States until such time as the rebellion in spirit and in -fact, has been ex- Uagnbhcd. The country will, by that means, have the. satisfaction of knowing that the Orrs, Humphreys, Worths, Parsons, Throckmorton*, and Monroes, have been consigned to a retiracy that should have commenced with the end of the rebellion, and not been disturbed till the end of time. It is time that Congress show to these people who it is that “ holda the keys.” PRETENTION. Among the many reasons In favor of im partial, If not universal, suffrage, one of the strongest may be found In the history of the South. That section had, by the scheming and working of -its siavcholdlng days, seen all political power pass away from the peo ple and into the bands of an aristocratic caste. This caste, as has always been the ease, was never content with such power as it had, but was always grasping 'for more, and in this attempt set on foot rebellion, and made a desperate effort to seize all the power of the Union. Had the people of the South been permitted to con* trol matters there would have been neither secession nor war. The States were carried out of the Union by the management and fraud of the rebel chiefs, against the will of the Southern people, and in spite of their ef forts to resist It. These Southern leaders had accustomed the people, by their high handed and arrogant course, to submit to such policy and sustain such measures as the ruling class round necessary to confirm or to extend their power. It is a fact that cannot well be disputed that all the political measures and the whole legislation of tbe South, since the beginning, have been framed and passed, solely la the interest and for the aggrandizement of ths slaveholding c’ass From want of wealth, of education, of social position, and of all the other ad vantage* and privileges which were en grossed by the slaveholders, tbe rest of the people la the South had neither the means norlbe ,Til, neither the disposition nor the power to oppose or to modify the policy ol the ruling class. The people submitted humbly to the dictation of the slaveholders, and took both pride and pleasure In following their lead, and obeying and making others obey their behests. This aristocratic class found thus In the Sooth no party to dispute Us claims, nor resist its encroachments. It went on increasing in arrogance, and even strengthening Us position, and rising in its demands until It thought itself strong enough to provoke the North and defy the power of the whole Union. Bnch an aristocracy by its very nature ia impelled to unceasing ag gression. It could not atop until It made the attempt to seize the whole power of the nation, and in so doing it only followed out the law of Us ex- ietcnce. Its history is the history of every such privileged class. Give any class superior power and advantage, and its very nature drives it to get more power and greater advantage, and it will never cease its efforts, and the country never be free from its encroachments and aggression, until it has brought the whole into subjection to it, or has itself been overthrown and destroyed. Had there been an intelligent and indepen* dent non*slavcboldlng class In the Sonth, vlth free speech, a free press, and the right of suffrage, wc should have had no secession and no war. To make a people independent and intcligcnt, It is only necessary to give them free speech and a free press, and then, that they can resist all encroachments of privilege or caste, sccnre to them the ballot. In other words, to prevent rebel lion, to resist disunion, and to secure permanent peace, it is essential simply, that the immunities and privileges which belong by the Constitution to every citizen of the Republic, should be at all times secured to him in every portion ofthe country. The only method by which a pop* alar government can be maintained is by having the ballot in every mah’a hands. Other governments may he upheld by physi* cal force, but the only foundation and strength of a republic is to be found in free suffrage. This Is so plain a truth that the wonder Is that men arc still to be seen who claim that free Institutions can rest on some other basis. With the ballot in a few bands yen have only a more or less aristocratic government, and If * you wonld have a popular government then the power, which is tbc ballot, most be in the hands of all the people. A privileged class In the Sontb managed by its boldness and canning to gather into' Its own bands all political power. It arro gated to lUclf the right to determine lls in stitutions, to prescribe its policy, and to shape Its destiny in conformity with its own lust of power. This class drove the South into collision with the Government of the Union, and did it solely to build up and aggrandize itself. The whole people of the South bad no interest to be served by snch . a collision, noth ing to gain but everything to lose, and yet the dominant class forced the people into the war, and made them fight the battles of the slaveholders. It is clear that could the voice and will of the Southern people have controlled there would have been no war. The method by which the people’s voice can spolvcn, and their will made known is through the ballot. Hereafter let matters be so arranged that impartial and universal suffrage shall be secured to every Southern citizen, and we shall have no more secession and no more civil war. EXEMPTING WOOLLEN FACTO BIES FROM. TAXATION. Tbcrc was one resolution adopted by the Wool Growers from Illinois, at the Cleve land Convention, which has occasioned con* siderotic derisive laughter among the tax* payers of this State. The resolution sol emnly resolved that the Legislature of Illi nois be asked to remit all State taxes on Woollen Mills for ten years! The proposi tion Is so absurd that it is hardly treating the reader's intelligence with respect to of fer arguments to convince him of It. But a few words may not be out of place for the benefit of unreflecting individuals. Ist. The State taxes of Illinois arc the least of the burdens which our citizens have to bear. The municipal taxes ol the city of Chicago, amount to more than double the sum paid Into the State Treasury by all the coun ties. The State taxes of Illinois arc a mere bagatelle—scarcely worth mentioning l —and little felt or regarded by the people. 2d. The seven per cent fund derived from the gross earnings of the Illinois Central Rail road, nearly supports the State Government, and the tiro mill tax on property is applied In extinguishment of the State debt. 3d. Take a woollen mill for example, with a capital of £IO,OOO. It will be valued on the tax duplicate at one-third to one-fourth of Its actual cash value, or say SO,OOO. The State taxation on this sum would be tbe crushing sum of ticelve dollars per year 1 If tbe Cleveland resolution to remit the State taxes on woollen mills should be complied witb, It will “ encourage woollen .manufac turing in Illinois” to the extent of sl3 per annum in mills worth $30,000, and S3O per year In mills worth $50,000. The mills would save in the item of State taxation about as much os each male operative therein spends in the same length of time for “flee cut” or plug tobacco. The remission of the State tax would not in the ten years, add one extra spindle, or cause the manufacture of one additional yard of cloth in the whole State. In the question of building new woollen factories, or enlarging existing ones, the infinitesimal State tax would never enter into tbe minds of the par ties, and would not Influence their action pro or eon the weight of a straw. As a measure of pecuniary Interest to woollen manufactur ers in Illinois, the Cleveland proposition is of no account whatever. It was not shown by the author of that precious resolution that woollen factories in Illinois stood In any more hccdoflocal boun ties, or special exemptions from taxation, than other branches of business. Tbe man who produces com, wheat or hay, or raises hogs, bullocks, colts and sheep, stands In os much need of special exemptions from taxa tion as tbe man who reduces wool to satinets or blankets. And we have yet to learn that woollen factories, for several past years, have not yielded os large a per cent of profit os other branches of industry. There is no good argument that can be adduced in favor of remitting State taxes on woollen factories that will not apply with equal force to remitting taxes on tanneries, paper mills, boot and shoe shops, hat and cap shops, threshing machines, plow making, glass, nails, cheese, or butter making; on whiskey distilling or beer brewing; on cigars, fine cut and plug making; on wind-mills, pumps, wheel-barrows, wagons, watches, clocks, gas and water pipes, rolling mills, blacksmith shops, foundries, stove casting, tailor shops, Job printing, bill posting, rag picking, flour railing and saw milling, coal digging, com wheat, oats, rye, barley and sorghum rais ing, pork and beef packing, shingle making, umber planing, glazing, painting, plumb ing, millinery and mantua-making, and every other avocation carried on by the peo ple. Kobody likes to pay taxes, be they light or heavy; and It would be pleasing to the whole community If all taxes could be remitted or abolished. But while they must be laid for the support of the State and mu nicipal governments, the only satisfactory democratic and equitable mode of ass easing them Is to tax every man's property equally. To remit one man’s taxes and make his neighbors pay tbclrs and bis too, would* be gross injustice and indefensible partiality, to which tbe public would never willingly submit. It Is tbe duty of the legislature of Illinois to place all classes of property on the tax list, without fear, favor or affection, at its fair cash value, and to assess all per sons the same per cent on their property, irrespective of the quantity or quality of the same. TOE SUFFRAGE QUESTION IN lENNKSSEE. . The ecffracc question bos already become very conspicuous In tbe proceedings of the Legislature of Tennessee, and although noth* in g definite has yet been determined upon, the earnest agitation of the subject, and the propositions which hare been submitted. Inspire the hope that before the session ex* pin s, Tennessee •will be found In the van* guard of the cause of freedom and equal rights. A proposition looking toward en franchising both the negroes and the rebels has been lost, but other propositions have been submitted, tbe purpose of which seems to be to establish qualified negro suf frage, and make still more stringent the law disfranchising rebels. Wo hope the Lcgisla* tore will not act hastily in the matter, and, above all, wo hope that when It docs act, it will act wisely. We have little faith in any laws disfranchising rebels, and we do not be lieve that either in Tennessee or Missouri these laws will long stand as a barrier be tween the rebels and the ballot-box. Tbe fate of the loyal men of Maryland should serve as a warning In all the border States. That It is right and proper to dis* franchise men who have participated In the rebellion, we do not question. But that It •is practicable as a permanent measure, we seriously donbt. Large bodies of men can* not be restrained In the exercise of what they regard as an Inherent and legal right, by any oath the Legislature may prescribe. They will, by a thousand devices, gradually come to wield the ballot, or, as tu Maryland, vote In a body In defiance of the law. It was the good fortune of the loyal men of Mis* soar!, to have a State Govern* roent that carried out and cn* forced the law. It was the misfortune of the loyal men of Maryland to have an Exec, utlvc who was false to his party and his , principles, and who betrayed the State Into the hands of traitors. If Missouri had Lad such a man as Swann Instead of Fletcher, it ! is almost certain that the loyal men of that » Stale would have been beatcu down In the • election, and their power annihilated. Ills unwise lo trust such vast and momentous In terests to such slight chances. By extending to the black men the right of suU'ragc, the preponderating influence of the loyal nun would be instantly and permanently se cured, both in Tennessee and Missouri. So long os this Is not done, the loyal are liable to be crushed out In any general election. • Let Tennesse give suffrage to the blacks, and she is henceforth safe. Let her trust the device of disfranchising rebels, and U Is cer tain that she will lean on a b.oken reed, and will dbeover her error, as In the ease of Maryland, when it Is too late to correct U. THE COTTON TAX. Some two or three years ago a tax of two cents a pound was laid on cotton ; but It was rather Indifferently .collected. At the last session of Congress the tax was raised to three cents per pound, payable on its re* moral from the collection district in which Uis grown. It is found to be difficult to evade the payment of this excise, and con* scqucntly the Southerners complain bitterly ofthetaxand demand Its abrogation. But they should comfort themselves with there* flection that the tax was caused by fAe/racts, and that the *proceeds is being applied in liquidation of the war debt incurred in put* ting down thcTr rebellion. The New York Chamber of Commerce has come to the assistance of the cx-rebcls, and calls on Congress to repeal the tax, present* ing various arguments therefor. One is, tb&t the excise Is unconstitutional, In their opinion; and another, that it is calculated to promote foreign competition. On this head they say in their manifesto : “To cootmne a tax noon cotton it only to dis courage its coUivaiiun In the best cotton lands of the world, as onrs are, and to encoarage It in the worse lands of India. Egypt and Brazil, where they would be ready enough to devote ranch ol their soil to other purposes, ta soon as we begin to throw crops of three or roar millions of bales on the markets of Kttrope, at the lowered prices which would naturally exune. “Your committee are unable to find a satisfac tory icason In fcvor of this rax. As aqnestion of revenne it may yield eighteen or twenty millions, without comocteatlrg for tbc Injury doue to na tional prosperity.” As to the constitutionality of the tax, it will puzzle a Philadelphia lawyer to show wherein a tax on cotton Is more unconsti tutional than a tax on petroleum, or coal, or highwincs, or slaughtered animals, or flan nels, or cotton fubiics, or any other Ameri can product which may be exported to other countries. The three cent tax on cotton is not confined to the cotton shipped abroad, hut is levied on the entire crop produced. If cotton can not he taxed constitutionally, then the whole internal tax law la unconsti tutional. The New York Chamber of Com merce will hardly assert that proposition, but if they did, tbc Supreme Coart would make short work of It, if the question were brought before that tribunal. As to the effect of the tax on the produc tion of cotton, that is a legitimate question for consideration. It remains to be seen however, whether a tax of three cents a pound on American cotton will give foreign grow ers such an advantage os to destroy or Impair the market for all the surplus cotton the South could produce for several years to come. All the arguments that cm be ad duced against taxing cotton will apply also against taxing any other American product. Wlmt excise can be laid without doing some injury to “national prosperity>” As fast as Congress dare abate taxation, the various excises will be reduced or repealed. We hope that the ensuing session will take at least one hundred millions of the present burdens from the shoulders of the people. The last session repealed excises to the amount of sixty millions per annum. No one desires that the tax on cotton shall remain a day longer than the Government needs the reve nue derived therefrom. But there is no good reason why tho “floculent fibre” should enjoy any ;pce:al exemption, or the rebel produ cer* of the same be let off, while the pro , ducts and income of loyal men in the North I arc made to bear a double burden for the I support of the Government and pay- I ment of the Notional debt caused by the re bellion. Pros Island Redeemed. Frog Island is a noted locality, in Wayne County, Illinois. It Is an elevation in the broad bottom of the Skillet Fork of the Lit tle Wabash, where the inhabitants of the surrounding swamps in former years met to curse abolitionists and punish forty-rod whiskey. In 1850 there were but two men, os the story goes, who voted for Fremont, one ofwhom was shot out and the other was egged oat of the Democratic party.- Tradition relates the facts on this wise: The natives were assembled in their whiskey den Imbi bing deeply as usual. A democratic imp, full of fun, had gone out earlier than usual, mounted Uls old mare, and with her rope bridle, turned her head to the door, when from pure mischief, he - hurrahed at tbe top of bis voice for Fremont. Out tumbled the Democracy pell-mell, to see who had dared to insult Frog Island by such a shoot. The chap laughed heartily at his practical Joke; but the crowd **couldn’t sec it," and swore they would shoot even a Demo crat if he should do that thing again. Most of the crowd went In to take another drink, and when the joker had got several rods from the door, he again hurrahed for Fremont, when a hard-head blazed away at him, the first load of pigeon shot striking the young ster In the stem, and the other peppering his old mare—an insult which she stoutly re scuted by kicking up her heels and pitching her rider headlong in the mnd. Of course , there was a time generally ; bat the sprig of I Democracy cursed the patty generally mid specially, and left tbcmdn disgust. Ho was shot out of tbe Democratic party. In the other case, a deputy sheriff residing at Frog Island, impressed with the dignity of his office, went to a Fremont meeting to I keep order. The Democracy assembled, I armed with theirmost convincing arguments, 1 viz., pockets fall of rotten eggs. While near I the speaker, stooping down for some pur pose, the crowd fired a volley, and the sheriff; I raising his head at the instant, was struck I square between the eyes with one of these Democratic arguments. IDs Infinite disgnst made hi™ denounce tats former friends as a pack of vagabonds, and ended in tats voting for Fremont. He was egged oat ol the Dem ocratic party. While “swinging round the circle” In Southern Illinois, In September, Lieutenant Governor Bross and George Q. Bellows, Esq., spoke at Grayvlllc, White County, and Al bion, Edwards County, and the former hav ing got lost in 1801 with non. D. L. Phillips, In the vicinity of Frog Island, alluded mis chievously to that renowned Democratic locality. The following letters to him show that Frog Island is redeemed. .We give Its good people joy over the progress of political intelligence among them: Giuxmix. lu., November 19, ISSfi. Common Bnoes— Dear Sir: Well,the election is over, and thank God we have triumphed—that Is, the loyal people have condemned the traitor ous schemes of Johnson and his satellites to sell us onl to Jeff. Davis & Co. In this little town we worked hard—did all we could do. Although our efforts make bat little show In While County, yet s great deal of good was done In Eduards and Wabash counties by the demonstrations in Grmyvllie. Being situated within a stride of the three county lines, our Infln ence spread more into Edwards and Wabash th«n into White County. Our Stale Representative, in White and Edwards, was detested just twenty votes, lettins in a Democrat of the Copperhead school. Our friends in Canal precinct fell behind Iwcnty-onc votes in our majority there, which was sixty th's year and eighty-one for ns two years ago. Had Carmi done her duty we should have sent Captain Mortan to Springfield. In IS&i Allen carried W bite by MG majority, and in ISC6 by 4“4. In 19M Allen carried Wabash by ItO or i:0 majority, and in I?C6 by 81. In ISM Kuykendall carried Edwards by 319 majority, and In 1960 Kanm by 4U. If we-had not so much “ StWef Fort" in While County we conld do better. Well, Governor, we have all bad many a hearty langh over the re nowned Skillet Fork since you left. Have yon beard Irom the SiiUet Fork yot, Governor? Well, they say u is a tact that that portion of Skillet Fork lying in Wayne County has gone Republican. Hat the White and Hamilton ponton goes for Jackson Jet. Tell the people that Frog island has Barren ered. In naming figures hereabouts, I mast say that in Grayvlllc, where the Democracy claimed twenty-five majority and had nineteen last elec tion. we whipped them by eleven for liana and ten for Logon, and elected oar Justices, consta bles, Ac IX Johnson crooks his finger again, I say onst him, and 1 have about made up my mind that he should be impeached for what be has already done, via: perambulating the country over, de nouncing too legal department of the Govern ment, the people's department. Congress, as an Illegal body, barter on the verge of the Govern ment, trying to indie the populace against the Congress and the laws of the country. ~J. F. Another correspondent says: Lxxcn Towwsmr, Wayne County, UL,! November 13tb, isM. f Common Bnoss: Frog Island is redeemed, accoidinglu promise at Albion. Ihe lownihtp gave seventy-two majority ont of 152. Yonrs truly, A. E. S. Good for Frog Island. It will yet achieve an honorable place In the moral and political history of the State. £s?* The pirate Seminas has accepted the Chair as Professor of Moral Philosophy and English Literature, tendered by the Execu tive Committee of the Louisiana State Semi nary of Learning at Alexandria. AsSemmes commanded the Alabama only to sink it, aspired toa Probate Judgeship only to lose it, edited the Mobile Oazrttt and collapsed it in a month, it is safe to infer that the bottom will soon fall out of the Chair of Moral Phi losophy in the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning, for which he is admirably fitted by his long experience in stealing chronometers. IST If negroes are as plentiful as ever In the South, why Is the labor market everywhere on supplied ?— Timet. For the simple reason that it would re quire twice the present laboring population in the Sooth for several years to reproduce .the property destroyed by the slaveholder’* rebellion, and that the abolition of slavery and establishment of freedom in that section have created a demand for labor that will not be adequately supplied for two genera tions to come. __ tSTThc second anniversary of the Twenty third Army Corps will be held In Indianapo lis on Friday, 30th Instant, to celebrate tbe battle of Franklin, Tennessee. This will be a grand re-union of the living heroes of that memorable battle. A good time is expected. Ample preparations have been made for the accommodation of the officers and soldiers who may he there. All members of the Corps are requested to be present and Join in the festivities. TENNESSEE. Letter from Nashville. Tbe Beal Condition of iflUn In Ten* nessee liOclalaslTO Blatters The klwUre Franchise and Common School Nvatciu—Tbe Franchise Law tn Practice. (Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Nashviix*, November 23, 19W. TOR n«AL CONDITION OF AFPAIB9. Tennessee has been restored to her normal relations with the National Government, ard the natural Inference would be that the masses of tbc people are loyal* The stranger who should traverse the Slate from Memphis to Chattanooga probably would come to such a conclusion, unless he was a careful reader of the newspapers, or was quick in observation and prompt at generalization. The truth is, the spirit of 1861, though not so obtrusively demonstrative as then, is secretly and indirectly as active as ever. This mani* Tests itself In a thousand ways. It kills the Union man’s swine in the forest that are hunting mast, and leaves them to rot in their tracks. It mysteriously lets down the rails at night, and lets the cattle into his It ostracises himself and his fam- iiy from tbc social circle of tbc neighbor* hood. It whispers foul stories about his wife’s orhlsdaaghter’sjreputatlon. It warus customers away from his country or his city store. It writes threatening letters, and admonishes his departure from the community. It freezes him by its indifference, and heats him with Its sneers. It occasionally goes farther, and bums his barn or fires his dwelling. It sometimes wavlaya him at the roadside, and shoots him down. It puts the incendiarv’s torch to freedmen’s school houses-. It sends the dis charged Federal soldier or the colored man to the pcnctcntiary for the longest term known to the law for the offence. It hisses the stars and stripes and cheers tbc stars and bars at concerts and al theatrical perform ances. It tears down tbc star spangled ban ner on Fourth of July. It ties tbe national colors to a cow’s tail, and scos them dragged through the mire and filth of the streets of a country town, amidst the hoots and cnccra of a troop ol nrchlos and the approving chuckles of obscrvlng.papas and mammas. It desecrates tbe gravesof the Federal dead. It dritks toasts “not to things as they arc, bat os they ongut to be.” It prints lists of merchants who support Radical newspapers, and holds them up to public reprobation therefor. It writes puffs of business firms, and recommends the members to the patron age of the community for the reason that they did efficient service In the army of the rebellion. In a word, It hates, reviles, villi fits, harrasses, persecutes, hunts down, freezes out, injures and assassinates Uulou men bccaute they arc Union men. THE TENNESSEE LEGISLATURE. Both branches are in session with consid erably over a quorum in each, and good working Radical majorities. The recent elections to fill vacancies occasioned by resignations, expulsions and to obtain scats, have, so far as heard from, resulted iu a Radical gain of some seven Representatives. As fast as the several Commissioners of Registration under the new franchise law complete their labors, and make report to the Governor, he issues bis proclamations ordering elections wherever vacancies exist. It is generally believed that the result will add still further accessions to the ranks ol the Brownlow parly. By the terms of the resolution by which tbcXegblaturc recently reassembled, an ad- joumment must take place on the 10th of December proximo. It Is a general impres sion among members, however, that the ses sion will be prolonged until next April, Sen ators and Representatives going home during the Christinas holidays to consult wl,h their constituents on tho issues of the day. Thero Is a strong disposition to wait until after the reassembling of Congress before acting dell- nitcly on any of the prominent political questions requiring legislation. In regard to the elective franchise, there will he three parties; one for striking out the word “while” wherever It occurs In the prescut law on tbe subject; another for de claring universal suffrage and universal am nesty ; and a third opposed to both proposi tions and In favor of repealing the present act. As yet, the dividing line between the first two named parties Is not distinctly drawn, and members may drift to the one side or the other, according to the ground which may be taken by Congress, or the ircssurc from constituencies, or the convic ions resulting from Investigation and discus sion. As the matter now stands, impartial suffrage could not carry. Representatives and Senators from East Tennessee, whatever their Individual oplnlons.are hampered by tbe very strong and bitter prejudices against such a measure entertained by the greaf mass ol the Union men of that section. Those from West Tennessee will feel themselves ro- strained somewhat by the dread of calling down upon themselves tbe vengeance of the rebels, which experience has taught will not halt at arson or assassination to embody its execration and make its hatred felt. Recon- structed traitors would go wild with fury to find themsclvesexcludca from the ballot-box while their former chatties were enfranchised. It is thought that some members would net have the moral courage to lace such a storm of Indignation and unrelenting perse cution .in their worst manifestations, as would almost certainly follow Impartial suf frage- Others, who favor arming the negro with the ballot, declare they will never con sent to bestow the same privilege on those who spent over four years In trying to de stroy the Union- Some Insist that tbe Gov error, the Legislature, and the Congressional delegation will be lost to tbe Republican par* ty. and go practically into the hands of the rebels next year at the elections, unless the freedmen arc made electors. Amidst this complication of circumstances, conflicting convictions, undigested sentiments, violent prejudices and outside pressure, It is quite lossiblc that no very material changes may jo effected In the present elective franchise system. No oue, however, can positively predict such a result, or confidently say that consultation and further developments may not bring an entire revolution of thought on this very important subject. Impartial suf frage has many supporters in the Legislature who would not have listened with patience to such a proposition this time last year. Another measure which attracts a large share of general attention Is that providing acommon school system for the State. It will be recollected that the Bank of Tennes see, the custodian of tbe school fund, accom panied Governor Harris Into rebellion, and squandered. In various ways, the two mil lions of dollars set apart for public instruc tion. The present movement is an attempt to fill the gap occasioned by this defalcation. The various systems In practical operation In the various Northern States have been carefully collated In the production of a bill which shall combine the best features of each, while excluding those which have fail ed to stand the test of experience. This .bill has passed the Senate and awaits its third reading in the House. Its final enactment has been delayed. Id great part, by a dread of inflicting on the people, at a time when they arc impoverished by tbe devastations of tbe late war, and are groaning under a heavy accumulation of debt, the taxation necessary to carry tbe new systchx into practical operation. TDE FRANCHISE LAW IN' PRACTICE. At the time the franchise law was matured and passed, it was Generally believed that rebels were effectually excluded from the ballot-box, but practice, has shown the groundlessness of the expectation, as well as developed the defects of the law in practice. The provision which allowed the registra tion of all persons who had voted for Presi dent in 1804, or for “ratification or rejection’* of the amendment to the State Constitution in 1563, or for Governor and members of tho Legislature in the same year, was peculiarly unfortunate. It seemed to the framers of the bill that it would be unjust to exclude from the elective franchise those men who thus assisted in upholding law and order,- and in assisting at the reconstruction of the State Government on a loyal basis. It was pre sumed, moreover, that all such persons were true to the Union. But practice has shown directly the contrary. More than two-thirds of those who have so received certificates, have proved to be rebels of the most blatant stripe, many of them having served consid erable terms of service in the Confederate army. In East Tennessee, where the major por tion of the loyal element resides, difficulties of a different kind have been encountered, arising out of the ignorance and the preju dices of the people. Many entitled to do so have refused to register, looking upon a cer tificate in the light of a free paper, and averring that their honorable wounds re ceived m battle and their discharge papers from the service of the United States are suf ficient evidences of their Unionism. This feeling has gone to such lengths that, in maov counties not more than one-sixth of the loyal voters have applied for certificates. It has been found almost Impossible to con vince largo numbers of war-worn veterans that registration is a mark of honorable dis tinction instead of a badge of subserviency and of a lick-spittle spirit. In various localities in the Middle and 'Western sections of the Stale, the Commis sioners have been teased, bullied or swindled into granting certificates to individuals clearly not entitled to them. In some places it is more than suspected that money has ac complished more than cajolery or Intimida tion, and that bribery has wrought its ap- Bolntcd work. Especially Is tills the case in avldson County, where numbers bold certi ficates who never cn applied for them, but have mysteriously received them in envel opes superscribed with their several names. It Is bettered that not less than fire hundred such fraudulent certificates exist in this county alone, while the number of others procured falsely directly from the Commis sioners are start lincly numerous. But the difficulties do not begin to end here. In various counties the legal electors are less than one hundred out of a popula tion which, before the war, used to poll some three thouraud votes. Uerc all the difficul ties of executing a law in the fkce of ao ad verse public sentiment arc felt with peculiar force. - Those who dare to exercise the elec tive franchise are marked oat for scorn, ridi cule, jeers, bitter unpopularity, and some times even for fierce persecution and social ostracism. Under this spirit of Intimidation, many stav away from the polls, or vote fbr men opposing their political principles. Kor is this ail. Often rebels, who cannot take the ncccssarv oath, take possession of the polls, and hold the election. The fran chise law Is tben trampled under foot io the spirit of pure contempt; the reconstructed vote without certificates; and candidates are chosen with high-handed outrage—the fran chise law made a mockery and a by-word. To make matters worse, a large number of voung men who, though having had nothing to do with the rebellion, arc yet disloyal as any of its warmest supporters, arc coming of legal age, and cannot be lawfully excluded from the ballot-box. In many counties, these new voters will exceed in number the loyalists in the same localities. This condition of affairs leads directly to the conclusion that the rebels will gala the ascendancy at the next Tegular elections, and wllLcgoosc overwhelmingly not only the Governor and a majority of the State sena tors and Representative* next year, but will also secure all but two of the Congressional delegation, units- 5 sOuvs.plan can be devised to retain the administration and the law making power in loyal hands. To accom- Dibit this, no way at present appears so Teas title as impartial suffrage, and public senti ment, in consequence, is rapidly drifting In that direction. The present indications are that the froedmen will bo armed with the ballot, either on the basis of Intelligence, or a basis of intelligence coupled with the possession of a freehold, Probably the colored soldiers will be enfranchised tn masse, as a fit reward for their consistent loy alty and for their patriotic services. Many believe that less could not be justly accord ed. While it is not likely that universal ne gro suffrage can be accomplished. It is almost curtain that the present Legislature will en act negro suffrage in some restricted form. Odskbvsb. FROM FOND DU LAC. Democracy moribund— Collapee of a iMmocrstlc Organ, (Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.) Font so Lao, Wia., November IS, 1860. Democracy in this Egypt of Wisconsin Is decidly on the decline. The leaders of the rotten concern evidently think their craft unscawortby, and that It will be unable to breast tbc rough seas of another Congres sional campaign. Already they have begun to desert the ship’s pomps, and the evident intention Is to let the thing sink. Since elec tion tbc Fond da Lac Frets, the special or gan of the " Great Objector,” has ceased to exist. It expired covered with more-mort gages than glory. A. F. Swlncford, the for mer editor-in-chief, has left for parts un known. The Sheriff Is the present propri etor of the establishment, but runs the thing with closed doors. This is but one of many indications that the Copperheads of this re gion have fought their last effective battle. LETTER FROM INDIANAPOLIS. The Odd FcllowH-nectios of the Grand Lodge and Grand Encamp mcnt—StatlntXcs of the Order—The Grand Army of the Republic—lte National Convention—Summary of Proceedings—The Ho»t of Temper ance—The ‘*Shuey BUP* Adopted— The Sale of the Herald—£3hnes of Stockholders, Arc* [Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.} lamaxarous, November 53,1M6. For the last few days tbe city has beon full of soldiers, temperance men and Odd Fel lows. As a natural consequence hotel keep ers hare rejoiced and hack drivers have been made glad. What they were all doing here has been briefly hinted at In my dally des patches, but thinking that a more extended account might be acceptable to your readers X here give it In tbe shape of a letter. On Tuesday, the Thirtieth Seml-Annnal Communication of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows met at their hall in this city, Grand Master Thomas B. McCarty presiding. The address of this official, after the usual con gratulations to the brethren, and tbe usual Complimentary allusions to the greatness and usefulness of the order with which they arc all connected, recites' the correspon dence between himself and the Governor in connection withe the donation of $3,032.76, made by the Grand Lodge in aid of the Sol diers* and Seamen’s Home. Various other matters being treated oi, the Grand Master makes his bow and sits down. Tbe reports of the Grand Secretary, E. H. Barry, and tbe Grand Treasurer, Theodore P. Haugbcy, are also replete with facts of interest to the Brotherhood. I take from the former the following statistics of the order in Indiana: lodges 331 Initiations 1,115 Injections 11l AdmlUedpiy card... Withdrawn by card. Hcinstatemeuts 87 Sm-peuFions 183 Expulsions 36 Deaths 63 Past Grands 2,663 Numbers of contributing members 12,33 d Number of ladies receiving Degree of Kebekah 260 Resources of Lodges f 331.350.34 Heceipts of Lodges 61,343.37 Expenses of Lodges 45,365.63 Dues lo Grand Lodge 6,057.19 Orphan Fond of Lodges 117,335.10 Number of Brothers relieved Number of widowed families relieved..* Amount paid for teller of Brothers f 10,336.33 Amount paid lor relief of widowed families 1,135.94 AmoQiil paid for educating Oiphana 967.00 Axnonntpaid for bnrylng the dead....: 3,465.03 Amount paid for other chart table otupoaes 5,013.50 T0ta1.... 116,907.42 GRAND TREASURER’S REPORT. The report of the Grand Treasurer, Theo dore F. Uoughcy, sets forth the finances as follows: RECEIPTS, To balance on band, aa per last report..( 6,817.11 To (bis amount received from the Grand Secretary 6,006.36 EXPENDITURES. The total ezpendltnree have been. Balance on buns (4,563.43 The repairs of the Grand Hall, which has added so much to the bcaaty and value of tbo building, and at the same time an orna ment to our city, have cost tbc sum of (4,510.73. Tbe assets of tbe Grand Z.odgo amount to $23,407.03, of which nearly five thousand dollars arc Government securities. The bearing of these reports and the ap pointment ota few committees, took up the whole of the first day's session. On jester day the business of the convocation was con tinued, and among other things an election of officers for the ensaiog year was bad, with tbe following result: M. W. Grand Master—Joseph A. Funk. Warsaw, K. W. Deputy Grand Master—John Caldwell, Vincennes. R. W. Gtand Warden—Diram Nelson, Evans ville. R. W. Grand Secretary—E, H. Barry, Indiana poll*. R. W. Grand Treasurer—'T. P. Hangbey, Indian apolis. Grand Representative to G. L. U. S.—Thomaa B. McCarty, Indianapolis. Alt. Great Grand Representative to G. L. U. S. —James D. Rif—s, Evansville. Worthy Grand Chaplain—L. Nebeker, Craw* fords vitle. Worthy Grand Marshal—J. M. McQniddy, New Albany. Worthy Grand Conductor—B. W. S. Caldwell, Rosbnlle. Worthy Grand Herald—L. F. Creasey, Green* wood. Worthy Grand Guardian—Christopher Toler, Madison. The Grand Encampment of the order also met on Tuesday, 11 being the twentieth semi-annual Communication, F. J. Blair, Esq., Grand Patriarch, presiding. The re* port of E. 11. Barry, Esq., Grand Scribe, shows the following facts: Encampments 73 Initiations - SOI Rejections 7 Admitted by card S 3 Withdrawn by card 80 Reinstatements 10 Suspensions 33 Expulsions.... a Deaths 14 P. C. Patriarchs 685 P.B. Priests 395 Contributing Members %HS Resources or Encampments $30,216.40 Receipts of Encampments 8.402.66 Expenses of Encampments 6.71C06 Dues to Grand Encampment 657.81 Patriarchs relieved Paid for relict of Patriarchs Paid for borytsc the dead. | Paid for other charitable purposes. Whole amount for relief. Ac $3,000.00 The following new Encampments have been Instituted since the last commnnica- Poser Encampment No. 79, at New Harmony, Posey County, for which a charter was granted at the last Commocicatlon, was Instituted Jane 12th, lSf-6. Freeman Enampment No. 79, at Goshen, Elk haft CoßDtr, was instituted August 7th, 1565. Bedford Enampment No. 80, at Bedford, Law rence County, was instituted July 3tih, 1366 The Encampment at Columbia Citv, Whit ley County, for which a charter was'granted at the last Communication, has not been or* ganlzed. There has been no correspondence on the subject, and we can assign no reason why the requisite documents for the Encamp* ment have not been demanded. FINANCES. The finances of the Encampment arc rep* resented in a very gratifying condition. The total amount of receipts, Incldding balance hands. Is $3,051.66; the expenditures $00L59, leaving an unexpended balance 0f51,115.07, which Is fifty per cent greater than at any previous communication. The officers elect for the ensuing year have already been sent yon by telegraph. The soldiers came to Indianapolis to at* tend the First National Convention of the Grand Army of the Republic. The Conven tion met on Tuesday morning in Morrison’s Opera House, and was called to order by Major Stcvenkm, of Springfield, in your Slate, Commander-in-Cmefi Colonel John M. Crane, Adjutant General, acting as Secretary. After the transaction of some preliminary business. Committees on Credentials, on Per* manent Organization, and on Business were appointed, the fbrmerof which reported In the afternoon. The following persons were selected to act as officers until the adoption of the Constitution: President—John M. Palmer. Vice President*—Thos- C. Fletcher, Missouri; : IL S. Foster. Indiana; J. B. McKean, New Tort; Jobn O. Kelley, PennsvlTama; J. K. Proodfit, Wisconsin ; William O. man. Iowa; Robert Cat freon, Arkansas: B. N. Stevenson, Illinois; Thomas fi. Farleigh, Kentucky; August WUUeh, Ohio. Secretary—L. K. Dudley, District of Colombia. .Assistant Secretaries—Daniel Macaaley. In diana ; Clayton McMiehaeL Pennsylvania; F. Q. Leuerberper, Missouri; Charles G. Mayers, Wis consin. The Committee on Credentials reported a long list of delegates representing tbs States of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, New York, Pennsylvania. Ohio, lowa and Ken tucky, and the District of Columbia. Other Committees on Constitution and By-laws. Ritual and Resolutions, were appointed and set to work. In the evening a sort of free and easy sociable was held, at which Gover nor Morton and Generals J. M. Palmer and Stephen A. Enrlbut made speeches, the last of which is said to have been a very brilliant one. Yesterday’s proceedings, as In fact those of the day before, were transacted In secret, and I failed to get much satisfaction out of any of the brethren as to what was done. A series of resolutions were passed, however, and officers elected for the ensuing year. The most important offices were filled as follows: Commander-in-Chief—General S. A. Huribut, of Illinois. Vlco-Commandere—General B. 8. Foster, of In- Hast; Colonel J.B. McKean, of New York. Secretary—L. Edwin Dudley, District of Col am- Dla. The Convention also adopted a Constitu tion and By-laws, made some changes In the ritual, and adjourned last evening. The temperance men came np to the capi tal as delegates to the Grand Camp of tne Rost of Temperance. What all they did I don’t know, hnt I learn that they adopted the “ Shncy bill ’’ as a platform, and are go ing to wage war against King A. Hall from that basis. The Herald office was sold yesterday to a stock company composed of the following gentlemen: W. H. Talbott, Tbos. A. Hen dricka, Joseph E. McDonald, A. L. Roache, David Shocks, Aqnllla Jones, Sr., Wm. Wil kinson, Valentine Bulsch, r. Rand, R. 11. nail, John M. Lord, Dan. W. Voorbecs, J. C. Briukmeycr, U. F. Barnes, J. 0. Sullivan, T. Charles. John Love, C. A. Elliott, and Lnfe Dcvellu, all being of the Copperhead persuasion.' The price paid was $45,050. Mr. Devilin Is to be the managing editor, and Geo. C. Harding city editor. The names mentioned above represent a good deal of capital, but I apprehend they’ll find that a Copperhead newspaper Is a mighty poor In vestment this far North. They’d better, move the concern across the Ohio River, If they want to make It pay expenses. Bt. Dxjna. Copperhead Negro Suffragettes. lowa, November is. 1836. Editors Chicago Tribune: - Tbc editor of your Copperhead organ bat ing been beaten out of bis boots In every di rection In tho Northwest, for the past fonr years, has at lost lost all stomach for farther fight, mounted the stool of repentance, and announces himself ready to eat his own filth, take back all the lies he has uttered (enough utterly and eternally to damn any sinner be yond all hope or possibility of redemption), go back in his own tracks, make South Caro lina hug Massachusetts in good earnest this time, switch off on to the Republican Radical “d—d Abolition” track, and—-incorporate a negro suffrage plank in the next Copperhead platform 11 Marvel of marvels! Truly, wonders will never cease. It would have amused you to have seen iKe faces of our Radicals as they looked curiously at our Cop perheads the next day after tho Chicago Times of Monday, the 12th instant, came to town. But tho latter were mam, kept their own counsel, and never once ‘* peeped,” but ground their teeth and cursed as they looked at the devious and dark road before them. But docs your Copperhead editor know what he is about ? Truly “ fools rush In where angels fear to tread.’’ Does be know what ho is doing? Is the “ Intelligence suf frage” dodge only for blacks, or Is he In good earnest for “Impartial” suffrage as well as intelligent? If the latter, he will raise a Southern storm about his unhappy ears. In comparison with which a hornet’s nest is a lullaby. 'lntelligent suffrage! This would be,lndccd, “the feather that broke the camel’s back.” For, be it understood, that lu hV>be loved South Carolina a very,very larrepro portion, fully one-third of the chivalry, tbc real blue blood, will be disfranchised, utter ly disfranchised, if his rule prevails! And worse than this, the good-for-nothing nig gers arc learning so rapidly, that In five rears they will all be voters, while our be loved sccesh chivalry don’t sec that they need trouble themselves to acquit such use less accomplishments as reading and writing. With Marmion’s Knight, when he exclaims, “ A letter forged 1 SL Jude to speed. Did ever Knight do anch a deed V' They regard such vulgarities as only fit for “ Yanks,” niggers and “ filch like.” Take It back, brother Storey, (I may call you brother now, mayn’t I ?), intelligent suffrage—Mas sachusetts kind ol suffrage—will never do, indeed it won’t, for our erring Southern brethren anywhere, much less In South Car olina. What, too, is to become of our re spectable old Whigs, who emigrated in such numbers to the hither shore os tbc Republi can party mounted so rapidly into power and public favor on the hroau platform of Tmtn and Right ? Is there to be no rest for the soles of their unhappy feet ? No comer into which they can slink away, a hopeless minority forever ? Seriously, this Is the greatest stride of tho century. Mahomet-like, If the mountain won’t come to the Bourbons, they will go to the mountain. The siege has been too long and protracted, and, tired out, they now threaten to steal both the arms and the plan of campaign from the assailants. Good. Now let the race be to the swilt, Indeed, on such a course. Let as not scan the motives too closely, but bid both Godspeed. With an united North, the way to eternal, God-given Truth, and Justice, and Right, and while robed Peace (come agalu, never, never more to leave us), is, Indeed, plain flbforc as, and the period of our painful groplugs forever at an end, with the goal, to reach which has cost so dearly, in full eight! Confessedly wrong in everything else, the Copperheads at length confess themselves wholly in the wrong In denying justice to those we bavo always trampled on with impunity (and for which both North and South have paid so bitterly and dearly) and announce themselves ready to run the race in the future for the right, with the Radicals they have so long and so furiously denounced and so foully slandered. Let us. Indeed, with Bt. Paul, thank God, and take courage. Our ripe re ward Is, indeed, near at hand. Much as they despise the Cops, the South know that they arc their last and only dcpcudcuce la the North, and, when they abandon them, they are gone up, Johnson and all, bag and bag gage. There Is no longer any hope. Glory, Hallelujah! Where la Reverend Petroleum V. Nasby ? Refugee. BECO3 STBC CHIOS • Hon. Tliad. Stevens and the Lawful Power of Congress over the Uvbcl States. Editors Chicago Tribune; The Chicago 71ms#, of November 11th, tells ns that " Tbaddeoa Slovens asserts that the rebel Stales are ‘ conquered provinces,'and that Con* gress may legislate with reference to them by the exercise of powers'wholly outside of and on* known to the Constitution.'"

(12,413.97 (7^13.43 Now, U Is uuqnea.ionably true that these States arc "conquered provinces," yet it by no means foil one (bat In legislating for them as such, "Con gress exercises powers wholly ontslda of and un known to the Constitution." and if Mr. Stevens so asserts, Mr. Stevens, high inthority as he cer tainly Is, is simply mistaken. On the surrender of Lee’s army to Grant, and Johnston's to Sherman, these rebel communities became "conquered provinces." According to tbc law of nations," tbe conqueror gives law to the conquered." This has been late among all people, civilized and savage, and In all ages, since nations began to fight. Bui here, in tbe United Slates, it is tote in a more emphatic sense, and of hicher dignity, than among other people. Else where, the respect in which it i- held is shown in treaties, in state papers of various kinds, in de cisions of courts of high authority, and in the opinions of able writers on public law. Here, it possesses all the titles to respect which maybe pa leered from these sources, oud more, to wit: that which is derived from our highest written law. la article], section 6, clause 9, the Constitution of the Ui-lted States declares that "Coup rest ahclt hettpower to dtfnt anapuniah * * * • Offtnct* agatnat the taw qf nationt." This amounts exactly to a constitutional adoption and re-enactment or the law of nations; to all intents and purposes, constitutionalizing It, and making it the paramount law or tbe land. Hence, what may be done by Congress In obedience to, or in accordance with, tbe law of nations. Is not done in tbe “exercise of powers wholly outside ol and unknown to tbe Constitution,” Mr. Slovens oven, to the contrary notwithstanding. No Indeed 1 Because or their rebellion, and as legally follow ing their conquest by the Federal Government, Congress bolus these rebel communities “In the hollow of Its hand.” Subject to only two limita tions, Us lawful power over them Is omnipotent. First, it must “guarantee to each State a re publican form of government,” though every man, woman and chlldln either of them wore to peti tion for a monarchy or an aristocracy. And. In passing, it may well be questioned, whether even our Republican Congress comprehends the full meaning of that requirement, and clearly appre ciates tbe obligation to sec that It does not re main a dead letter on tbe fhee ol the Instrument. In binding Itself to the discharge of this duty, let Congress first determine rightly and righteously Ibst other and fundamental question, "who con stitute tbe Statef and then all else that is (polit ically) good, follows easily and smoothly. The second limitation on tbe power of Congress to legislate for these “conquered provinces,” is found in the Decalogue. Congress may not enact wicked taws. Its enactments mn*t be founded in Justice and righteousness. It may not oppress loyal men, nor allow them to be oppressed by rebel legislation or rebel violence. Wherein, either bv its-own legislation, or toleration of that of rebels, Itopptessesor allows loyal men to be oppressed, it Is itself responsible and guilty. lie who permits a wrong to b. 1 done which he may lawfully prevent. Is himself responsible for that wrong. Nearly related to this proposition Is the law maxim tul fad! pfr pfr ae. These rebel-, by their treason, have, aa in dividu al?, forfeited their Individual rights, and, as com munities, tbe rights pertaining to them as politi cal organizations called Slates. In ill their attributes. Individual and municipal, they lie prostrate at the feet of the National Government. The only word It belongs to them to “ take be tween their lip-” Is “mercy.” If their lives be spared to individuals, and sooner or later their communities he reorganized as States, they. In either case, take nothing—absolutely nothing of right, “iris all of grace, —all of pare, on nixed magnanimity. How much may be granted is wholly in tnc discretion of Congress. And In ex ercisin'* a wise discretion, it is the bounden duty of Congress to provide well for the future peace and safety of the country. It should see to it, that these comnnltles derive no Increase of power from their treason. As a lost penalty lor that treason, and for (he sake of tbe future safety of the country. It should even grant them less than their former power. the loyal, however poor, whether white or black, should be protected and rewarded. And Inasmuch as the easiest and cheapest, as well as most just, mode of protecting ihcm t l«to enable lh< m to protect themselves, the new Mate Govern ments should be placed in their hands undersoch conditions as will most surely enable (hem to re tain power. Congress will deserve and -receive ifcc censures of mankind If It foils to extend this measure of justice and -afety to tbe true men of tbe South. Just think, all history fails to fomlsh an instance of a victorious nation placing its faith ful allies under the heel of In and their enemies. Moreover these loyal people should be likewise rewarded individually. The Govertmcnt owns millions of acres of land in some of these Slates. Texas likewise holds many millions of acres. On its annexation, to perfect our title —to extend Its boundary from the Nueces to tbe Rio Grande— and likewise really, though not avowedly, to spread slavery, we waged war with Mexico, at tbe cost of thousands of lives and millions of treat- 1.6W.M moo 80.50 ere. lie then paid Mexico ten or twenty millions of dollars for peace and a boundary, and Texas ten millions. To the unclouded tule thus acquired, wc have of Ute added that derived from conquest. Now if in Us manllcsiadona of mercy, Congress declines to confiscate the estates ol Individual rebels, let it at least do ihc cause of loyally the Justice to con fiscate the public lands of this most treacherous and ungrateful of states. It will then bare choice lards in abundance in the Southwest, wherewith to reward l»§ loyal poor, whether white or black, with free homesteads, to the negroes especially, whom the malignant rebels are resolv'd. If to ihelr power, to make homeless "vagrants. Is Just this reward dee. Let to It, that it allow notthe golden opportunity to escape. B. Spirit of ihc Germ un-American Prew. The following first appeared In the Cincinnati Ih/fsUdtt, and has been copied by anomber of oar German contemporaries: “The day before his assassins lion, President lor.coln was about taking a ride with his family, when Johnson was announced. After an Inter view of two hoars, Lincoln made the following remark: *The miserable man t what dlffl cullies will he not throw in my way, during my second term of office.'*’ The Clodrnsti fbllrWctt, of the Mth, contains the following ngoroas article, entitled “No Uni versal Amnesty*” »* We are most decidedly opposed to any such proceeding. Wc may be at magnanimous and generous towards the mass of the ex-rebels as wc please, bat the interests of the country, and eepe drily the Southern portion of the country, de - moods that the third section of the Amendment which disqualifies those from holding office who perjured themselves In violating the oath they had taken to rapport the Constitution of the United biarea, should bo carried out to the letter. When Lee and Johnson surrendered their armies, the rebels stood trembling expecting, confiscation ard banishment. If not death itself, and ready to curse the men who bad plunged them Into rebel lion, ard brought them to disgrace and ruin. The Southerners well knew what the fate of tho Southern Unionists would hsve been had their urns been successful. They would have de prived them forever of the right of suffrage, if they had not banished them from the Confedera cy; brace, they were ready to submit to a similar fate themselves. At this juncture Johnson came to the helm, and when the rebels saw that, in etead of punishing, ho became their advocate, that he was pardoning their chiefs, return leg to them their confiscated property, sod insisting upon their Immediate and unconditional restoration to ail their forfeited right*, tbc little hope which they had grew to con fidence, and thia was soon transmuted into the mo'lbraxen-faced Impudence. As they saw how Johnson caressed their leaders, the reeling which was at first excited against these was rapidly transformed into the original attachment and trust; the old hale against the North again broke out, and their principal traitors again became their spokesmen and representatives. “These oldSonthero politicians and conspirators, holding to the doctrine of DMne Right, believe that they were bom to role, and it Is not to be de nied* that they hare had a broad experience is governing the people of the South, and also of the North. They look upon the United Slates as their domain, and would come into power again with the same feelings that the King of Hanover might be supposed to experience, should he sgaia take poeiession ofhialost throne. “ So long as a constitutions! barrier Is not op posed to the internal ambition of these Southern barons and politicians, so long as there still re mains a hope that they may again attain to power, bo long there will be no peace in tne South, and so long will the people follow the advice of their former rulers. “ Then no universal amnesty even for the ex change of universal a oarage.” Tho Illinois Stoat» ZtUutuj of the 261 h contains but two editorial articles: one on the Chicago Tlpivs* article again, and another on tho needle gnn and what it accomplished in the late German The New York Abendseituno of thd S3d instant Is bitterly opposed to the Greclcy.absnrdlty of uni versal amnesty and impartial suffrage. IOWA ELECTION. Official Returns. Sec’y of State. Governor. coTTsmzs. Wrieht. V. Anda. Stone. Benton. Adair 15J 100 162 S 3 Adame 850 116 134 111 Alamakee 1,811 3,018 1.001 1,870 Appanoose. ... 1,001 3,000 1,096 936 Andabon....«... T 7 78 OS 68 Benton 1.5*3 603 1,050 518 Black Hawk 1,686 5U 1,840 573 Boone 658 OCI 560 ' 663 Bremer 1,049 .344 725 273 Buchanan 3,800 70S 947 553- Buena Vista 27 3 Butler 673 333 Calhoun St 40 Carroll 86 41 Case 839 160 Cedar 2.U71 983 Cerro Gordo 801 49 Cherokee 83 * 3 Chickasaw 74S 333 Clarke 749 311 Clay 74 18 Clayton 1,617 IJH3 Clinton 8,441 1,883 Crawford 75 105 Dallas 619 410 Davie I,IUB 1.181 ; Dtcainr 779 825 Delaware 1,663 768 DeaMomes 2,613 1,879 Dickinson 01 l Dubuque 2,036 3,117 Emmet 03 IS Fayette 1.620 826 Floyd 612 251 •Franklin 315 58 Fremont 666 £O9 Greene 269 . 107 Grundy 863 13 Guthrie 480 569 Hamilton 390 .99 Hancock 71 16 Hardin 1,101 433 Uair150n......... 593 5C3 Henry 3,535 746 Uowaxd 435 £2l Hombolt 191 45 Ida 12 3 lowa 1,141 902 Jackson I£U 1,753 Jasper 1,828 706 JcScrson 1,854 1,173 Johnson 1,939 1,403 Jones 1,928 1,003 Keokuk 1,581 1,863 Kossuth 149 5 2,885 2,771 2,794 1,819 2.523 6SB Madison 1,193 628 Mahaska 3,240 1.270 Marion 2,023 1,795 Marshal..... 1,894 333 Mills Linn... Louisa. Mitchell 747 179 Monona 310 133 Monroe 1,045 737 Montgomery 116 147 Mescaline 2,216 1,439 O’Brien 4 5 Page COl 352 Pnio Alto Plymouth 32 1 Pochahontaa G 3 _8 Pollc 2,177 1,028 rottawattamlc... 703 WO Poweshiek 1,015 446 Ricfgold 411 122 Sac 7“ W « 8,157 1,227 99 97 Scott.. Shelby Sioux.. Story 723 305 Tama 1,W2 426 Taylor MO 200 Union *O7 106 Van Unren 1,918 1,332 Wapello 1,315 1,630 Warren 1,531 665 Washington..;.. Wayne TO 535 Webfler SCO 411 Winnebago 09 1 Winneshiek 1,603 129 Woodbury. ISO 171 Worth 161 31 Wrlcht 163 Soldiers’ vote Total 91.227 55,615 70,445 61,070 Wright's majority over Tan Anda 35,413 Wright’s plurality 35,330 CONGRESS. WQeon 16,406 Warren. Wilson's majority .10,357 Cook. Price Price’s majority. TSinn DISTRICT. Allison 13,472 Noble.. Allison's majority Loughridpe 19,475 Mackey. Longbridge'a majority Bodge Tuttle. Bodge’s majority Hubbard 10,090 Thompson 3,033 Woodbury 345 Hubbard's majority 6,072 INot*— Several hundred votes cast for E. D. Wright, though unquestionably intended for Ed. Wright, having been thrown ont by the Board of Canvassers, the aggregate majority for the Repub lican nominee lor Secretary of State does not represent the average Republican majority on the State ticket. Rankin, for Treasurer, had 3V KM; Elliott, for Auditor, 56.0G5; Carpenter, for Register, SG,9'>o: Blssell for Attorney General, 35.- *B7; Stiles, for Supreme Court Reporter, St.SCe; Llnderman, for Clerk of Supreme Court, 86,087. Stott Jiegtater. MARYLAND ELECTION. Official Vote. The following Is the vote for Comptroller of the Treasury, the only State officer chosen at the recent election in Maryland, together with the vote cast, and the registered vote of ISCG in nearly all the counties : 5£3 £ S = o 5 £ n £e| o | S =• % a 3 rBI r | Contnxa. Allegany 3,410 2,203 .... 4,703 5,314 Anne ArnndeL ICO 1,440 .... 1.600 2,037 Baltimore City 7,474 8,152 .... 15,036 2LMS Baltimore Co. 2,019 a,«H 0 5,630 7,32 S Calvert. 550 m Carollne 659 956 75 1,500 1,607 Carroll 2.259 1,484 .... 3,713 4,251 Cecil 1,780 2,013 1 3.746 Charles 4 631 ICC SOI Dorchester.... 419 1,403 .... 1.522 Frederick 3.711 U.U2I .... 6.735 7,724 Harlord 1,156 1,991 .... 8,150 8,539 Howard 459 SIS .... 1,801 1,491 Kent 252 1,071 24 1,891 I,CRI Monlgomcrcy 1,10, to 2,3*3 PrlnceGeorce’S 157 353 244 1,154 8,127 Queen Anne's. 159 1,171 .... 1,823 .... St. Mary's IS 1,012 69 1,099 1,275 Somerset 407 1,537 75 2,579 3.124 Talbot 363 1,1« 5 1.583 LSM Washington... 3,Nl 2.531 .... 5.872 6,000 Worcester.. .. 251 fc4l 989 2,030 .... T0ta1..1...27,124 40.056 1,549 07,29 b 70,919 37,191 Majority for Le0nard.12,952 The following is the aggregate Republican and Democratic vote In the several Con* grcssional Districts: Republican. Democratic. Districts. First Second ... Third Fourth .. Fifth Democratic majority. FATAL AFFRAY. A Disloyal County In West Vlrglnl*. fFroxn the Wheeling Intelligencer, November B.] A terrible affair happened at Union, the connty seat of Monroe County, In this State, on Friday, the 17th instant, in which a man named Stlrer waa shot (it Is believed fatally) bv Colonel Cyrus Newlin, Prosecuting Attor ney of that connty. The circumstances arc detailed as follows; Mr. Newlin was met in the County Clerk’s office by Mr. Shirer, who called him names of the worst possible description. Mr. New- Un did not answer, bat left the office and walked to his hotel, whither he was followed bv Mr. Shirer, who renewed his insults. Mr. Nowlin still did not rejoin till. Shirer had In sulted himself and his mothfer In the grossest possible manner. Mr. Newlln then arose from his chair where he waa sitting and warned 8. not to repeat the language uttered, at the same time laying his hand on a pistol which he carried about his person. Shirer told him to shoot and be damned, that he was not afraid, at the same time mailing upon Mr. Newlin, who drew his pistol and fired, cut tinir off Shircris thumb. They clinched and Mr. Newlin fired again, the ball penetrating Shlrer’s left breast, and knocked him down with the butt of the pistol. Colonel Newlin was Instantly surrounded by a mob, who In sisted on lynching him on the spot, but through the Interposition of some of the more respectable citizens he was rescued and lodCKl In Jail, from which It was with dlffl cnlty the mob was prevented taking him by nroper appreciation of these circum s.iicesfuSne?&6.ry to slate that Colonel \ewlin Is a Union man of the clearest grit, lately from a Northern State, and lately, we believe, of the Union army. Hu trial la set for the next term of the circuit Court. The affair has created an intense excitement among the Union men of the adjoining coun ties. and numbers of men on both sides sre repairing to the place, where It Is apprehended nothing save the presence of a military forte can prevent an outbreak. tVc are credibly informed that In that sec tion of country the Uvea of loyal men are constantly In peril; that the Board of Su pervisors of Monroe have had their lives threatened; that the Sheriff of the connty has received notice pot to visit certain aec tiona oflt to receive taxes, on Min of death, and that other occurrences of like character are frequently occurring- The above poem fits the case of the “Dem ocracy” very closely for electing a prize fighting and illiterate blackleg to Congress. THE FENIANS IN IRELAND. Great Excitement About the Ex pected Bising. Tke Preparation* tor Attack and De (encc-rue Brttlafc Antßorltte. Thor oncblr Acquainted wltk the Plana- Xbe Time of Stains* [Corrcspocdesce ot me Now York World.] Dus us, November 0. FBKIAHISM BKDIVITUB. For some months post the English Govern ment and the loyal portion of the Irish peo ple have been flattering themselves that Fenianistn Is dead. The who.esale arrests effected under the suspension of the "habeas eonms act.*’ the garrisoning of the country, thesnppression of the Irish People, and the punishment Indicted on -the convicted Fe nlans—all these things were thought by the English Government to have had such a ter rorise effect on the disaffected masses that they would Immediately repent, obtain abso lution of a notoriously anti-national priest hood, and take the oata of union, promising allegiance to their parental rulers. It had lulled itself Into fancied security, and the Fenians were being looked npon, as before the airests, as mythical beings, who, If they did at all exist, merely uttered threats lu America against Canada, which they never intended to substantiate, but had forgotten all about Ireland and an attempt at rebellion there. But from this dream of security there has been an awakening. The Govern ment Hods it has been unable to kill the Irish sentiment and denationalize the Irish people, and finds that far from eradicating FcnJanism tt baa strengthened it; that tar from living out of danger, that danger U more imminent than ever. TRAITORS IK TUE CAMP. Where Is the man who has not his price ? Who In this sordid age will talk of being In corruptible? and when was there everapo liUcaf organization, however noble in Us aims, without a traitor—some base, unworthy wretch, who for “ filthy lucre” would not sell his companions ? Probably nowhere has this traitorous faculty been more largely de veloped than in thi* unhappy, country. Jimmy O’Brien in ’3S, and Pierre Nagle In ’CO, vied with one another In villainy; and, even now. In Ireland, there are O’Briens, Nagles, and even Castlereaghs, who, scarific !ng all the nobler instincts of humanity at the altar of Mammon, scruple not to sell their country and their countrymen. I know not If James Stephens be a spy—l think not; mary hero assert he Is; but Ido know that evay plan and every action of the Fenian or ganisation is madeknoim to England: and not only that, bat that If she liked she could at this moment lay her finger on every Fenian in /refund. Ton may ask me how is this, and why she does not arrest them. Ton may say England boasted of this knowledge months ago, and yet was palpably at fault- Even so, but since that time, within the last three weeks, the British authorities have been put In possession of in formation that, If Femanism be treason, and If the punishment of treason be death, would consign one half the adult male population of the country to the gallows. Then why she does not do so I will afterword show. Permit me now to state a point. Some five weeks ago. a man came to this country, Sutton or Dutton, I can’t say which, by name. He was said to be the accredited agent of Stephens here, and vested by him with full power; en trusted by him with all the secrets of the organization. This roan has been bought, ana is at this moment doing the worknoi for which he may have been sent here by James Stephens to do, but that for which be is paid by the British Government. A CUAKGB OP PEAK. England has discovered that a revolution cannot be stifled. She tried that plan by suspending the *‘ Act,” us 1 said, and found it Inefficacious. Now she has determined to let the storm come and try to weather it, to let the Fenians rise and fight it out. Arrests arc becoming less frequent, though the same vigilance Is exercised as before, and all the attention is turned uot to arresting a rebel lion, hut to suppressing it so soon as it shows itself, mth this end, additional numbers of“ cockucv ” detectives have been Imported hither. These arc distributed throughout the country, and scarcely a townland is there that has not its special. Dublin Is full of them. Tipperary swarms with thorn. Kerry, Cork ami Wexford, ail the counties in Ireland, in fact, have their share of these obnoxious personages. This secret service force is under complete organi zation, Sir Thomas Larcom, ot the Castle, and Colouel Lake, of the Constabulary, be ing at the head. Bi-weekly reports are made from each man to headquarters, and from these reports a monthly statement Is sent in to the Irish Executive. Thus everything oc curring in the country is known, almost as soon as it takes place, to the Government. On these reports the military force under Lord Strathnairn, formerly Sir Hugh Rose, Is manipulated, weak points arc strength ened, and strong ones made even more strong. WHAT TUB FENIANS ARE DOIKO. As the first of January approaches the hopes of the Fenians arc rising. Thcv have no donht bnt that Stephens will fulfil his promise of coming back to Ireland, and there is a rumor here that he is already on his way. Though the Government has un doubted facilities for procuring informa tion as regards the working of Fenian ism here, unfortunately, I am not so well situated. I can, through certain officials here, hear of the movements of the Govern ment, bnt even though your correspondent I cannot bid sufficiently high for unscrupulous traitors. Their figure is rather too lofty for my exchequer. However, I can pat you in Soescssion of some few- important facta, uring the past week no less than 10,000 re volvers have been distributed through the Fenian circles in Ireland. These weapons have been In the city stored for some time, having been purchased by James Stephens from an English manufacturing house. This will probably explain ms seeming reluctance to account for moneys received from John Mitchell. Did he state he purchased with the money arms and munitions of war, he would, of course, be compelled to give some information as to how he bought them,' and from whom. The “boys” in the different sections of the country arc drilling and practising themselves in the use of the re volver and rifle. lam told that in the moun tainous districts this Is carried on extensively. The vacancies caused by the arrest of those under the suspension arc said to be all Ailed. This carrying on of preparations, under each fearful duficoltics, plainly denotes the in domitable energy of the Celtic race, and their determined resolution to meet thelx old cuem, if only Stephens keeps his word. MILITANT PREPARATIONS. The various barracks in and about Dublin arc being put in a state of defence. The ordnance officers are honrly engaged in the work. The walls around them arc being strengthened in many places, and flanking projections, with numerous loop-holes, com manding tho various points from which an attack might bo made, arc being constructed. The jails arc being similarly fortified, ehevaux de/rise are being pu; ineveryavalJableplace, and the guard in all cases is being doubled. These preparations arc not confined to Dub lin ana its environs. Similar works are being carried out through the provinces. Tralee Barracks are being strengthened; Limerick the same way, and a large number of men are engaged In strengthening the old fortifi cations of Athlone Caotle. TRE POLICE AND CONSTAUCLART. Preparations are not entirely confined to the military in the country. The Dublin Metropolitan police, about twelve hundred strong, are being pat through a course of diligent training In the use ofthe cutlass and revolver. They may be seen daily drilling in the castle yard, and arc really a fine body of men. The country constabulary hare also got orders to perfect their drill. The forces will, of course, be brought into close contact with the enemy in case of a rising; bnt England need not depend on either ue- J)artmenta of the police force for an excess of oyalty. as both are latgely permeated with disaffection. ISt 23) IS 41 S 3 51 21W 171 tSBI 760 212 17 11 3 SOI 419 559 859 1,703 1,091 SS 53 062 402 1,133 1,079 067 321 1,182 7M 1,871 1,009 S 3 9 1,553 2,812 1,115 710 571 233 243 85 512 770 198 97 131 21 839 275 233 79 57 11 772 334 357 437 1.5555 32$ 353 233 96 • at 9 3 810 731 1,587 1.525 1,001 1,027 1,178 I,OSC 1,517 1,509 1,403 889 1,306 1,197 188 12 2,289 2,805 2,059 1,2:10 1,114 832 563 510 970 502 l, k 9O 1,186 1,031 1,801 1,002 875 433 213 006 119 115 138 880 651 171 113 1,678 1,481 3 5 897 296 6 48 43 10 1,639 1,163 490 435 60S 393 336 152 86 40 2,031 1,613 78 71 539 439 863 479 382 271 233 179 1,565 1,202 1,641 1,446 1,172 756 1,600 938 599 62 300 433 1,144 C6S 112 87 143 6 124 IS 7CB GOT .10.515 ..6,691 .10.470 . 5,002 .12,895 . 6,080 A USING AND ITS ItESirLT. Thus the Government and the Fenians an ticipate a rising. What the result may be is bard to tell, were Ito write vou my opin ions, I would say a successful rebellion in Ireland at present is as impracticable os in 1708 or 1548. A large portion of the Irish people arc undoubtedly opposed to an at tempt. and say that ll made It will prove a greater fiateo than the cabbage-garden move ment of Smith O'Brien. Many think other wise. and assert they have good reasons for thinking so. 1 have given you a statement of what England knows, what she is coic£, and what she Intends to do, and will leave your Intelligent readers to Judge for thon selves. It is generally believed that the rising will take place here on Christmas eve, the 24th of December, and that the day cele brated as the natal day of a world’s Savior will witness a last struggle for dear old Ire land's liberty. 27,881 42,519 *7,381 TEE SOUTH ASD THE DEMOCRACY. .05,163 The Dead Copperhead Carcass Unmer cifully Ricked— Iteznarkable Article from tbe Mobile Tribune. The-Mobile Tribune takes np the cudgel, and thus unmercifully belabors the party which only a few weeks since it fondly hoped would restore the rebellion to power: Dnricgthe war—that Is, is the early part of It —iho-eDemocrats told us that the South had been Use to the Constitution and the statutes; and that the heel ot so enemy should be put os oar seeks, while there were mrs—Democratic men—to carry muskets, or to make awards of tsemles by their grand broadswords. They told os this Id various stealthy ways, asd the news came to ns by all kinds of contraband channels. They raid, la effect, "Hold Cast! Stand to toot sons? We are a power is these fanatical Kadi cal Sates. We can manage the rascals, if yon rely on os. Those rascals cannot shoot a gun that we have not the complement of.” The Demooatlc leaders told os this daring the war. We did not msch rely on it, for wp bad the work to do ourselves, without reference to ex* teller help. Although we did rejoice when the French Emperor indicated a deatre to interpose, and was reauy to interpose, if Great Britain would give the word. Great Britain did not give the word, and we had, therefore, to strive ana starve on not much that la good for armies—improvised cannon, some grins "hich escaped the blockade— a good deal of powder which one miabt pot into bis grate to warm himself by. And for the rest, bacon with wonns In it: and what is properly called haic-tack—something in the nature of Cl j3i uiis we had—and the sympathy of the Dem oatlc parts of the >'orth—Vallacdlgham for ex ample—really about the only self-respecting, true man that we know of in all that great Northern hive of anger and xevcngefalnew with no disposi tion to mercy! That same Democratic party relied oa the Sooth to help it to Influence. In the recent elections | they cast the cie. Here, they sold, we shall get strength encash to fetch oar brethren ol the South Into the Government. When we shall have ac complisned this, we shall have a power that mil make the veto of the President potent. The President was horn a L cmocrai-U>ok the Demo • erotic idea too his mother s milk—is nothing hut a Democrat—bred on a tailor’s bench and know* so and-so. Dewitt stand with ns when we shall have shown him that we have seat to Congress men enonah to haoy him op in hi# honest endeavor to make the “ Constitution as it was, ’respectable. Ihat Democratic party, so-called, has deluded the South—fooliah South, which was looking all around everywhere to find help to to mat asd distressing emergency. hooUah South didn’t dsd It in France or England, and dldn t and cannon as well as we are trying to see, And it la the Democratic party of the .North. We think that it is a notable and well approved Qct that rats leave a sinking ship. We are snre lost they scent the weakness of a noose on land, and quit It in double quick, as General Butler got from Ball's Bluff and Fort Fisher—notstayingto see how the thing was going, hot going away without (Handing on the order of bis stung. Afl Bnticr did, so*lt appears to ca, the Dei critic p«Hy is ootse. li stuck to ths'l*mitieni u lots m U thought he might be made the laata oral of its getting into the fit places wblsh »t Washington yield bo much oil and blabber Jm. ibst make* people who can got at the consump tion ot It, flee bouse?, little fortunes, or bis ones, and really bring them Into a historical notoriety, whether tor stealing or something else ia what we have not the means of saying, , We know ihU, however, for has not the tele* gjtph told It?—that Fernando Wood, elect to Con crete, has “come oat” for what Is called “tm pantai suffrage." The bruiser Morrissey—who has no meal amount of ezpresaian in him—lan c be on that side, toot We abonld wager oar old hat that be is there on that aide working for recoßAtrnc'lon under a rule that they, too. and all the rest, wore battling agalnat, in their small way, not three months a»o. ai a men there is a paper of vast fnlluenee at the West, called the Chicago Tlnwi. it baa tamed bead over heela wiihm tad davs, and as arcs the world and the rest of mankind that there is no possible hope for the salvation or the Democratic party, except by joining the Radicals, in insisting on the amendment to the Constitution which is so troubling our people. , , The Democratic party Irtends to take care of iipc'.f, without regard to the Sooth, which, as it appears, cannot now give it any possible help. We roust do the best we can for ourselves—give anything or nothing, bat toe Democratic piny Intend# to “cut” President Johnson, and fight by itself for the spoils—for. as it thinks, be is 4‘no where,” and of coarse It cannot go nowhere with him. let him lake care of the troth, which is not ft merchantable parly commodity. We shall take care of ourselves, without reference to his stnbbom tenacity for the right, indifferent whether it lead to ruin or not. This Is shout what the Democratic parly Is say ing. Let U go Us war. We owe nothing to it, except a vast amount of Radical onklodoess, wbico It stimulated and made active and unreas onable. Let ns say another word. We are not entirely certain that we me tight In saying It. It is that to-day we shcnld throw ourselves on that Radical party—we do not mean the extremes of it—rather than rely on the Democratic party, which seems to os to he trimming Its sails to any breeac which say help to carry it to some point where Its ca-go of avidity for the spoils may be mad- salable and profitable. Wcare sorry to say this, bat one most tell wbat there is of troth within him when be feels obliged to speak. In a preface to this interesting article, the Tribune reiterates an assertion made some days before, that It is willing to accept “im partial suffrage” as a basis of reconstruction. THE EASTERN QUESTION. netting of Prince Charles and the Saltan. [Turkish Correspondence of the N. Y. Tribune. Id the midst of one of the most terrible and long-continued storms which has occur* red in Constantinople for twenty years, the Porte was informed that Prince Charles had left Bucharest, and was on his way to this city. One of the Sultan's steamers waa sent at once to Varna to meet him. It was driven back Into the Bosphorus, and awaited there a day. but finally re ceived peremtory orders to go on, storm or not. The order was obeyed and the steamer met the Prince at midnight (is not this ominous ?) at Varna. Be embarked at once and arrived here yesterday morning. He went at once to the beautiful little palace at tbe Sweet Waters of Asia, where he Is to be entertained at the Saltan's expense. An hour was allowed him to make his toilet, and he was then taken to the Saltan's palace, where ho was received by the Grand Vizier and introduced by him to the Saltan. The Sultan was in full costume, and tbe Prince wore the uniform of a Prussian General. The Prince informed the Saltan that he had come to tender homage to him as Suzerain. The reply of the Sultan, as reported in tho papers to-day, is too rich to he lost. He as* sured the Prince that he was highly delighted that the Roumanians had shown such good sense in tbe choice of a Hospodar. He com* phmented the King of Prussia, saying that he knew him to be very much like himself, actuated by equally high motives, and he ex horted the’Princc to take him and tho King of Prussia as bis models, to rule his people as they did theirs—with benevolence, and unselfish solicitude for their interests. After the conclusion of these ceremonies, the Prince and his suite were invited into a back room and treated to a lunch. They then visited the Porte, where they were received with carefully measured out honor. 'When the Pasha of Egypt made a similar visit, Iho Grand Viz’er met him at the door; hat Prince Charles was met by this official a dozen steps inside the door, etc.; all these things having been formally discussed and decided upou beforehand, as part of the treaty. He remained there to re* ceivc the Ministers until evening, when he was treated to pipes and codec, and sent bock to bis palace. Thus ends the Rou manian difficulty, which bid fair a few mouths ago to cause a war, and which would have ended very differently If there had been peace instead of war in Europe. No doubt Bismark planned this little epi sode, and It has thos far succeeded as well as his more important game in Germany. It has been a bard pill for the Turks to swal low, and Russia seems to be as little pleased with it as Turkey. A BOLD FEAT. Narrow Escape from Going Over Niag ara Foils—Vessel and Crew Moved by llte Presence of mind of Her Captain, [From the Bofialo Express, November 21.] A painfully intense excitement was expe rienced bj* hundreds of people living along Niagara River, on Tuesday afternoon, at the sight of a vessel with three men ou board, being rapidlvbornedowu the current toward the Falls, without any apparent possibility of rescue Irom the shore. The facts are as follows: As a small Canadian ♦■ndlng schooner, the Whip, Captain J.T. Yc . was heingtowed out of Chippewa Harbor i.„ the tug Buffalo, the line by which she was attached to the tug was broken by the strength of the car rent and she was carried swiftly down to ward the rapidsabove the Falls. The cap tain and two men on board saw at once that they were in Imminent danger, .having nei ther anchor nor small boat, and being In such a position that no one dared attempt their rcscnc irom the shore. By this time hun dreds of people were gathering along the banks, expecting nothing else than certain destruction to the vessel and her crew ; but when within a couple of hundred yards of the commencement of the rapids, the cool head of the Captain conceived an idea which saved the lives o| the whole party as well as the vessel. There was quite a gale blowing up the river at the time, and the master, with the aid of the two men. seeing all other re lief out of the question, ordered all sail hoisted and sailed out of the very Jaws of death, against the powerful current of the river, absolutely landing soon after at Uog Island, in safety, having gone further down the Niagara River than any other man ever didlnaooat, and escape. The admiration and relief of the people along the river banks, upon the execution of the Captain's plan, found vent in frequent cheers, when it became apparent that his efforts would Drove successful. DESTRUCTIVE F£B£* Total Destruction of a Itlelodcon Fac tory—Five Hundred Helodeona De- stroyed. (From the New Haven (Ct.) Palladium, Nov. 21.] At abont half-past eleven o’clock lost night a lire broke oat In B. Schoninger’s Melodeon Company Factory, In Kimberly avenue. It was first discovered by the watchman, who aroused the engineer. The heat was so In tense that they were unable to attempt to extinguish the fire, so they endeavored to remove os much of the property as was pos sible. They only succeeded In saving three or four of the instruments andtbcea'fc and books. All the workmen’s tools were destroyed. A large amount of lumber belonging to the Company, and stored in an adjacent yard, w*as also con sumed. The building was entirely of wood, no brick being used in its construction, and consequently burned with great rapidity. The firemen were quickly on hand, but their efforts were in vain. The fire originated in the kiln, where the wood used ib the con struction of the instruments was dried. The loss is heavy. The building and its contents were insured in several companies. There was no water witnin half a mile of the fac tory. Steamer No. 1 endeavored to force water through their hose-pipe from the hy drant at the comer of Howard avenne and Putnam street, a distance of three thousand feet, but the weight of the stream burst the hose. They finally succeeded in getting wa ter through the hose the greatest distance that water was ever forced by a fire engine. Tbe loss Is estimated to be between $40,000 and $50,000. Insured for $30,000. A TERRIBLE TRAGEDY. Bloody Work In Clay and Platte Connllea— I Two Brotbers Fatally Sbot —The Pursuit and Bercnge, [From the Leavenworth Bulletin, 31st inst] From Mr. Moran, of Platte City, we have learned a few particulars of a most bloody affair that has recently transpired In Clay and Platte counties. It appears that a quarrel had long existed between a man najped Elgin, keeper of on Inn at Missouri City, and the Titos brothers, five in num ber, residing near Platte City. The Titus brotbers were In Missouri City on Monday lost, when a violent altercation took place between them and Elgin, in which the lat ter shot and killed two of the brotbcis, and succeeded In making bis escape, and in reaching the house of his father-in-law, Mr. Wo. Tatman, a few miles from Platte City. Bnt the avengers were on the trail, and during the following night traced him to bis hiding place, and surrounded the bouse. Elgin broke from the house and attempted to evade his pursuers, but they were too many and too good shots to per mit that. He was killed by a ball in the back while fleeing, and about two hundred yards from the house. The surviving Titus brothers surrendered themselves to the bands of the law, and arc now in the custody of the Sheriff at Platte CUv. It is asserted that the pursuers of Elgin had a writ lor him, issued in Clay and renewed In Platte County. It Is difficult to say who were the aggres sors In the affray at Missouri City, the friends of both parties laying the blame upon the other. Progressing Baekwardi. The New Tork Advertiser, which is an old fogy, conservative journal, intensely anxious for the restoration of “our dear Southern brethren” to a participation in the Govern ment, Is yet not pleased with the temper and spirit Indicated by the reconstructed rebels. It says: “Many of the Southern Judges have >■««- toned to pronounce the Civil Bights BQI un constitutional, and so rendered that measure virtually a dead letter so far as the South is concerned. Notwithstanding President John son removed the Southern Governors chosen during the war period and completely over turned and ignored the State Governments In his plan of reconstruction, the Supreme Court of Mississippi has recently decided that thd Stale never lost Us organization by reason of secession or war, but that it was in aU respects not only d« facto but de Jure a Stale, and that the functions of the Govern ment were rightly and constitutionally exer cised by those who exercised executive, legis lative - and judicial functions during that time, within the State. In other words, the “Eagle State” repudiates the President’s plan of reconstruction. The Southern au thorities stand by him when they think It is. for their interest to do so, but “go back” on the Executive when his plan does not harmonize with their purposes. Georgia baa not gone so fir as this, out the people now propose to elevate to the gubernatorial chair Governor Brown, who was removed from that position by the President, A Tcnncase Judge has decided mcntalite body of that State * Lei lalaturc.” whose enactments * V-rJ and not b.ndlng. Judge Lt nz/of V*- 1 ' ; ”? a charge lo the Grand Jury.'s’jja the time is not far distant ‘-'a of America will prefer to w chief with a glittering tiara oa iT 1 *!, rather than by the authors of Rights Bill.” ; _ tlj’j These and other indications of it*. ; ing spirit do not strengthen the those who claim that our crria°- cvm*" a H arc thoroughly reconstructed, and once he restored to place and suffering any punishments or guarantees for Inc future. ' ' Sheriffs In DllooU. The following table present* the and political complexion of thu cently elected in Illinois: ' ,UI r * Adams.. Henry C. Craig (D«a \ Alexander Joel G. Morgan idS\ Bond John Fisher (Hep > ' Boone U O. Gilman i Rep \ Brown Granville v. Kio.ired.Tw 1 Bureau Nicholas C. /{£*) Calhonn John Johnion(D em \ ? ' Carroll Goo. P. S niton < R fn i Casa Chas. E. Yeck Champaign Ttoa. A. Scott .Ren V m CluisUaa John While (Ren.) 1 ’ £ Clark Joseph A. Uow c (Drmi 7 Clay Walton H. Finch (ReSi * Clinton William Shatter ' Rcd i Colca Cook John L. Bevcriduc irAt* Crawford Wn. Heavin (Uea.i ' Cumberland Henry Rhoads iDem i DcKalb Morris Hole unli l R r ., DcWltt Wm. C. McMntr.. o&s i Douglas Ha'-ry C. Carlco, DuPage Philip Min Mer i Rep.) Edgar Joseph H. Matrnerißn. Edwards Saywell Perkin; (Rea f ECncbam William Gllloure ,lv- , Faycito Asa W. MrDonaU iDe^l Fold William Walter (li,,T Franklin Marion D. Uogett*ta.i' Fulton David ipL. Gallatin Wn. U Blackaro(D«-, 1 .S. Foster Greened)®., .Jobs Schroder <&a j ' Hoalili- ',o^, Gteenc. Grnndy. .Garrett ilouMiic , .Jeptha 5. Dillon. Ho i lavender (hep., .William BnactnSin. .Geo. W. Slotue , ' .E. B SloelU (Iti'r). ) .Joseph IL CuiKy ,Da.' ..John L. KtKntra. ..William Dodds, Dca.- ..Chaa. H. Cowmaa'ii—> .John W. Duke Hamilton... Hancock.... Hardin Henderson. Henry IronuoU.... Jackson.... Jasper Jetlereon... Jersey Jo. Daviess. Johnson... Kane Kankakoe . KtndalL... Knox Lake LaSalle..... Lawrence.. Lee .David Saitl- 1 l*a,i .Otla Durfee i RepS .Jonaa Seel? \Hca.<i .David W. B-'d.!,t , p~, .Reuben S. Rot*to*d;B,v .H. A. McCabe ißta i '* .E. Ryan iltep.t Truman 1- Pia:t ,rj- 1 Livingston James U. Gsltßep.i Logan Taoaa» J. Macon John E. Jones (Ro.i Macoupin Joseph B. Ustor. • ftea , Madison Joseph G. Roun*cs ,i^- Marion Isaleh D. f«.ir ) *•! Marshall Ransom E. Gregor* , Mason 1.1. Hastings ( Rep.! i Massac Samuel Atwell, ' McDonough Samuel Wilson iHep.S McHenry John M. Southwonhiitesti McLean Edward M Pjkt ( »ep.» e ‘ Venard John Ticc tDca.i Mercer Ttoaa* Simpson tßep.) Monroe Joseph N. I)rarr t Dein.> Montgomery.... Frank It. Gikuu.e (Ucb.) Morgan Sylvester 1- Moore iltnj Monlirie Thcmas 11. Carter (Deal Ogle Win. W. O’Ksr.ii i^;'' Peoria Frank Hitchcock Perry J. Carroll Ham* (Kep^ Plat! George F. Miller v Rea. > Pike Wm.G. Hubbard vHeaj Pone George F. Waters Renv Pulaski Samuel O. Lewis (R-p.. 'Putnam Anderson IJ. Evan* ,itrp. Randolph John It. sbgLnon <P»».) Richland Archibald Spring!Rep.) Hock Island Peetz (Hcp.t Saline Simpson sulckitu iDeo.) Sangamon Samuel Shoup (K-o.i Schuyler Joseph Dyson vPcm \ Scott William 0. Dari:* < R<p ) Shelby John C. Hcilu-rd’ca.t Stark John Sikens (Hep.) St. Clair Charles Keeker (Rep.) Stephenson William W. it.ibey (Rrp.i 'J azcwcll. Jonathan 11. il rers i Pea.' Union Joseph 11. McKlhsnajil'ra Vermilion L. L. Parker tltcp.t Wabash Wm. W, McDowell vl'ca.« Warren Wm. M. Armstrong -.1P?.) Washington Wm. A. Clarion rßer.t Wavr.c Newton J. Odell iDeati* White John D. Martin (Deis.) Whiteside Lncias A. Lincoln iKep.) Will George Strathdce ißep ) Williamson George W. Slsmy illruv • Wlnnrhaco William Cour’ngit .Hep) Woodlord W. M. Bollock i Hen.' This shows C 7 Republican? t-» k Derao-I crats. In four or live cases the clteUoa will! probably be contested. In Aloxar.Utr. Val-l ton and Tazewell, the contest is sail to be] certain. A Dhetutcd Sprig of fhlvatrr. (Correspondence of the New York Persia 1 Foirranss Moxboe, Novrml er i’. l>«. I Each day continues to bring numerous vis-1 tors to deff. Davis. Among the hirst rc-j ported anivals are cx-Commissioner Robert I Quid and a niece of the State prisoner. Ilal a noticeable, though hardly to be considered! acuilous, fact that most of his visitors speak of him as President Davis. Oocadon* > ally, however, the use of this titular rank ofl Confederate times calls out a sharp, as wellj as an unexpected and amusing, rebutf. An* Instance occurred this morning, which I *2l relate: “ I wish to sec President Davis,*’ asked i new arrival of a volunteer offleerwhoso otßi-e • Is outside the post. “Will you Ik Kind enough to show me where to apply for per mission to sec him ? ” ‘•There Is no soch person here, sir." an swered the officer “ as President U»vii." “ Is it possible,” rejoined the stranger, "I have come a long way to see him.” “Well, sir, you will find no such person here now,” was the grave response. “ Has he been released on hallr” ; “ No.” “Paroled?” •* No.” ; “Pardoned?” “ No.” . I “ He’s not dead, I hope,” and this la*; question was most hesitatingly pat a;id witt; a most anxious look on the stranger's coua 1 tcnancc. “ Not that I’m aware of,” was th: coo 3 and unfeeling response. ; 5 “I can't understand yon. I beg you wu 1 make yourself intelligible,” implored rathei'v than demanded the stranger. - •Twill do eo,” replied the officer, and 1 gleam of hope began to light np the strati ger’s face. “There Is a man named Jefferso: Davis, a Government prisoner, conflned uj the fort. Tou can sec him by going”— | ••Thank vou, sir. You need go no further I will make my remaining inquiries else whore,” and he strode away with an infers* ; ly irate air, giving the officer a parting look that would have accomplished his itnmedM ate demolition if snch power lay in looks. PERSONAL* A decidedly Interesting game of base ball was expected to come ofl. yesterday at Brooklyn. N. Y., when nine Free and Accepted Masons of Nets York were to play an equal number ot Masons from Brooklyn for the benefit of the Masonic Hal! and Asylum Fond of the Stale of New York. The fan of the thing consists in the fee*, that not onr of (be eighteen know anything whatever of the game. Some of them art very old, some very bit some very lazy and all very green, bat all entha elastic Masons. A fee of twenty-five cents war | charged spectators. . The will of the late Senator Wrick*. who died | at bis residence In Newark, New Jersey, on th(| let inst., has been admitted to probate in the Sot- 1 rogate’s office of Essex County. The entire value of the estate was sworn* to at #1,000,000, of which $600,000 are in real estate, and $ 100,000 in personal property. One tboossnd dollars arc deviled tc the “Donse of Prayer," and the balance to the family of deceased. The homestead and adjoin ing property on Park-place la given to the widow for her use daring her lifetime, and after her death goesjftto her children. The snm of 513,00 C Isfgiven to his grandson, and SIO,OOO to his grand daughter, children of his daughter In Russia. Mn Cavers, and a like sum respectively to the son an daughter of Colonel E. U. Wright, bis only sot The balance of the property is to be equally dine ed between the widow, eon and daughter—th portion of the latter being secured to her for h sole use. Provision is made, in case of the deal of any one of the legatee.*, for dividing their sha among the survivors of the legal representative The will Is dated February IT, 1365, and attach! to It, when admitted to probate, were Govemma stamps to tbo value of S3OO. Robinson, (he dress ri lcr, being a Rumble his friends propose to give him a pitcher. Hilliard, of Worcester, has a commission ) paint the late lamented Lincoln, for the Massac hr setts State House. Rev. Isaac Craw, of KelloggsvlHc, Cayugt County, New York, has celebrated his one haf-i dredth birthday. He voted for Washington ft/ President, and baa been a Baptist preacher ftj more man eighty years. I It la sold that a drama, founded on the ••Maid' Tragedy,” of Beanmont and Fletcher, haa bee written for Matilda Heron. Madame Arsa Bishop la giving concerts In Hon, Song. She sings the ballads of the country I; broken China. Blot's pupil* in Cincinnati have a.«ked him t give souther course In cooking. Thla movemen U clearly Instigated by the bears in the pod market. A disloyal sheet In Virginia favor* the Renata* lal aspirations of XL G., ••because he was an Is flnentlal •original secessionist.' ” the objects which excited the mo?t cun osity in the recent exhibition at Toledo was s complete edition of “ Don Quixote," printed h microscopic characters, on fifty-four clgareUt paper*. At the Baltimore Masonic celebration the Gran Muter wore the Masonic aprdn embroidered h the ladles of General Lafayette’* family Ibr Genr ml Washington. How Tobacco is Consomed in Enrop> In the city of Hamburg, Germany, tt manufacture of tobacco gives emj loymei to more than 10,000 persona, who turn t». 150.000. cigars a year, valued at $2,000,00, ? From Havana and Manilla, Hamburg in ports 18,000,00 cigars a year, making an v gregale, including its own production, X 168.000. .cigars, 153,000,000 of which aSI exported, leaving 13,000,000 forborne cor sumption—allowing 40,000 cigars a day to a adult male population of 45 000. . I the consumption of tobacco mi 15,508,153 pounds, an average of twelv* ounces per head for the entire population ts IS3I, with a population of 24,410,439, U> - consumption reached 19,533,541 pounds, A thirteen ounces per bead; in 1841, lion 27,019,672, consumption 22,809,9 Sounds, or thirteen and ahalf ounces pc ead; and -1851, population 27,452 693 th ■ consumption was 28,062,841 pounds, or set' enteen ounces of tobacco per head, showim' a steady Increase. In France the consumption of tobacco i eighteen and a half ounces per head, near! half of which is snuffed; in Denmark, i 1848, It was seventy ounces per head; and I Belgium It averages about seventy-three wa a half ounces per head. A letter from Accra, Gold Coast, West Africa relates that the death of Quow Daddy, King o Aqoapim, about the end of Jane, was the sign* for the sacrifice of thirty-five or forty men women connected with his household. The Brit lah authorities who govern the country wer warned by the Basle missionaries such aaffi flees would be made unites they Interposed, ba their warnings were unheeded. Several of the i» tended victim* fled to the residences pf the mi* stonarlea and were protected ; others, who wer emuKSlad to Accra tor better protection, were die covered and killed.