Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, 29 Kasım 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated 29 Kasım 1866 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Cljicaga tribune. DAILY, TBMVEtKLY ATtD WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 51 CLAUK-ST. There »rc tkrt— cvlltloas of the Tcuirxz Uiaod- UU Eitryincnjlac, for ctrcolitlos by carrier*, netrimen a&l Use t&alift. sd. The TBI-Wexxwr, Moad.y*. Wed rcfgagß tad Fnciy*, tor the mtlU only: »ad toe Wn-Ki.T, on tn toe mall* and weal oar cociler acfl bv aerunts. Terms of the Chicago Tribaoe Dalit dehvrred ta Uie dtr (Wf w-ckl. •••*_ *5 .. ' - ~ ~ f per cuirter).... 3.50 Dally, lo o;*li •Rtwerlbera (per satum, p*y»- _ l>v in adtaatv).. Sin Trt-WwU>.(pct kwb. «-®g Vicklv, tnsdtsccel — ou fr- Frarilor»i part/ of toe year >l tbc i*me rate*. rr~ TV- or* rrmlttivc *nd oruenne are or more CC-M-* ofcltoer tbc Tri-Woekty or Weekly editions may rrtsln ten per cent of the sabMHpUOQ price U a COUiIRIwIOS. >orw-r TO Hwamm-In ordering the address of v* -p»r rs chtart-l. to prevent delay, be tare tad "uy «i.«t odium yoo uke—Weekly, Tri-Weekly, cr j’Jj'jy* -'l-o. address. gr— Mrr-y. by Draft. Express Woney orders, or In m»y be tent it our i lit Address TU HUN ECO., Chicane, l!l. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2J, ISOO. THANKSGIVING, While the blessings are great and manifold fi>r v hich people and rulers gather together to-day within con?ccrated walls, to retur.. 11.«.ir tribute of thank-giving and praise to the Infinite Giver of every good thing, there arc home blessings greater than others, some wl::rh rise soonest in our thought, and move the deepest our feelings of gratitude and Joy. tVe nro thankful that the fields have yielded their increase, and the promised fruit has the labors of the husbandman, that iLt fiocks have grown larger upon the hills, ar.ii thi herds have filled the valleys; that tl.f laborer has found work for his hands, and that his wages have not been kept back; that business ami trade have been pushing their en terprises on the highways, and in all places of exchange, and that commerce has been extending old marts, building new ones, and tending torth its servants to all isles of the seas and end? of the earth ; that the ar than and the mechanic have wrought out riw triumphs of industrial skill, and turned n'w material and rude ore luto shapes of aud bvr.uty; that education has offered with mere generous hand and larger measure her cup of refreshment, and her torch of light to the blind and wandering millions; that schiicc- --till unfolds her page rich with the t-l iIU of lime, while art opens new 5 ■ -s in the desert ol common li(V, and makes Its wilderness blossom like tr:i- rose; and that the religion of I vmavitv, the Gospel of peucc on earth a:.,i J «!•! lo wen, still sends its divine lur.-j-ac-’ to all the world, Illuminating the son* of men with alight from heaven, and kh.dilr.g in human hearts the hope of glory. But great, bejond price, as are those bkssdugf. and worthy of all the profound thankfulness with which they maybe re r.:t-inl en d on this Thanksgiving day, there is another blessing from Heaven upon this fa- vorcd land, ■which "will be often In the thoughts of loyal men and ■women to-day, atd for which they will pour forth Ihelr hearts in more exalted songs of grateful praise. No lover of his country can forget 10-cay Hie crisis and the danger through which she has passed the last year. Fresh in remembrance of all loyal hearts Is the treachery of their chosen leader, with all Us Urriblc guilt and undying infamy; the seera inu civiug away of the old and tried friends of the Union, and their threatening alliance with it- fns; the revival of rebel malignity and huti- in smother desperate struggle for life and power; and all the anxiety, and sor row, and alarm which made the hearts of prod men fall, and the hopes of the stoutest sink within them. All these things will bo in the thought ofloyal hearts to-day, and with them w 111 come also the glorious mem ory of triumph and deliverance, as this mighty Northern people rose again In all Its majesty, broke in pieces the new fetters j forged for Its free limbs, and scornfully I trampled them to dust beneath j its feet. When Heaven vouchsafed j to ’be brave hearts and strong arms of the I loyal people, victory over the armed bands cf treason, the North smoked on every LIU ! and plain, with the Incense of praise and thanksgiving that went up from her hearths ard all her sacred altars. No less signal was the victory of this fall, no less total the over threw of the treason and the perjnryibat Lad again banded themselves together against n?, and this great deliverance merits, and will receive from all loyal hearts no less profound and sincere acknowledgment of thanks and praise to him, who has again given us the victory. Let us rejoice to-day that He whose I hands alone build np States, and whose inspiration It is that makes a people great, Las trained up this race ot men m the free North, has endowed them with the intelli gence and courage of a nohlc manhood, and br<. athed into them such devotion to freedom and humanity. We may well bo thankful to-day for the existence of such a mighty people, and tor all their noble acts In defence of Uni..n and Liberty. That they carried the country rafely through all the blood I»nd tiillerirg of a cruel war; and that, when the fruits of thuir struggles and conquests in the he'd were In danger from treachery of chosen leaders, and new machinations and alliances of false friends with old foe®, they rushed again to the rescue, and seized and bore them aloft in triumph and safety. Wo have the most convincing proofs, and abounding assurances that this great loy al Northern people have determined that the | work they have begun shall be carried j through t o glorious consummation. That re btHlon and treason shall be overthrown an I destroyed, that slavery shall be utterly ex tirpated, that this country shall be the con. serrated heme of Liberty and Justice, an 1 the Union be made the enduring and atron: r<.ck and defence of equal laws and human rights. And that thus by the invincible will cfa mighty and free people the Great Repub lic shall stand colossal, sun of every land, the bulwark of freedom, the guide to pro gress, and the joy and hope of the strag gling millions. For this great blCaslng let the j>oople gather in their temples to-day, join heart and voice la songs of thanksgiving, and crowd His gales with sounding praise. Let consecrated walls echo with organ sound ard choral swell, and bells from spire and steeple peal forth their lofty jubilee. Ling oat the old, nng In the new. Ring cut the false, stag ta the trne, liics .n ‘.he taliant man and tree, Tin larger heart, the kindlier band; Ei-.r ucl'be of the land, Pit." in me Christ that U to be. tv no CIZV R ATIFY AS aihexd- iIIEKI. The Constitution of the United States pro vides for its own amendment hy requiring the adoption of such amendment by a vote of two.; birds of the members of each house of Cougn.?.*, and by its subsequent ratifies* lion “ by ihc Legislatures of three-fourths of f 11. r several Stales.” Tlii> provision assumes that there is in each State a valid and legitimate State Govern ment. of which a Legislature shall be oue There can be, therefore, no Stale Government which docs not include ft Legis lature. This Legislature and this alone can ratify au amendment; and this Legislature to have any valid power In the premises, must he part of that State Government known to end recognized as such by the United States. rrevicr* t“ the war, there were State Gov ernments in Virginia,'Korth Carolina, South Candma and Georgia, whlch’had existed at a period anterior to the Union ; and In Flori da, LouUiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkan sas and Texas from the respective dates of the admission of those Slates Into the Dulon. Tbt*c Stales assuming the right of secession, undertook by war to dissolve the Union and repudiate Us-anthority. For this purpose they remodeled their State Governments and upon paper, if npt In fact, transferred their allegiance to another Government. When the war closed, these States were without ,nv form of Government in allegiance to the United States. The State Governments •which existed before the war had been In fact, hawever they may have been lo con struction of law, abrogated and destroyed. Every vestige of legal or political uni’y between them and the Union bad been removed, and so far os a nv consistency In form with the govern ments of States of this Union, they might os well have been the governments of Stales in Central America, or in Mexico. They were andtr military rule. The Confederate an tbority. State and national, was held in sub lection by the anus of the United States. That government, either In national or stale organization, was hostile to the United States, and with the exception of that hos tile government, the same In the Stale as in the national organization, there was no writ- ten law or Constitution known to be in exist* cnee. To blot out this Confederate authority, Slate oud national, was to leave the people efthose States with a clean and unstained statute book, upon which they were to be* gin anew, and a* if they bad never prr vlously known or heard of a written constitution or l«nm of government. That this is a faithful statement of the actual slate of tha case will not be denied by any one. It was officially proclaimed br Andrew Johnson himself as his apology for directing a State gorern- .■nt to be formed In each of these States. The people of those States, be said, and said truly, were without I any civil government of any kind. The Con stitution of the United States is equal to ail emergencies. It seems to have been dictated } by a spirit of prophecy. It contains this I provision: “The Unltod States shall guaraatee to every State la this Union a republican form of govern- I incut, and shall protect each of them aratnst Inva sion: and, on application of the Lenalatore, or of the Executive (when tbc legislature cannot he convened), against domc-tic violence." I Andrew Johnson, claiming authority or dered the initiatory proceedings which were 1 to result in the establishment of new State I Governments. But the mistake of Andrew Jrhnson was in reading' the Constitution. I That instrument gives the authority to the United States, and not to the President, and I the United Slates In this case arc represent ed by the law-making power. The 1 functions of. the President do not { begin nntil Congress by law proclaims the will of the United States, and then it becomes bis duty to execute that will. T.'hilc this is true, and it is equally true that the sole power to originate State Govern ments pertains to Congress, it is in the power 1 «.r Congress retrospectively to give validity to that which otherwise would be void. The ; people of California organized a State Gov ernment, without authority from any body, and Congress a year later by accepting the "Q'ork, made it valid; and in these cases Con gress might have at any time In its discre tion given validity to the so-called Slate Governments in tbc rebel States, by ad mitting them. Had Congress, in ISSS, ad mitted Kansas with the celebrated Lecomp ten Constitution, the fraud would have been none the less, but the State would have been admitted. In that case Congress refused to acknowledge the State Government erected in Kansas, and it ceased to exist, and in these cases. Congress having refused to re cognize the so-called State Governments erected in the rebel States, they arc, without Hat recognition, as defunct as was the Le eompton government of John Calhoun. The vital principle of ull State Governments is in Ibe recognition of those Governments by tl.c United Slates, with that recognition they are everything, without It they arc of no more legal authority aa governments of any portion ol Hie Union, than are the governments of the British provinces. Con gress having refused to recognize those so called State Governments, It is the duty of Congress to make good the Constitutional guaranty of Republican Governments, and b r this purpose provide nt once Territorial cr temporary governments until such time a* the people of the several rebel districts shall be prepared In spirit and in fact to re new i*olitical relations as loyal people with their fellow citizens in the States. From this resume ol the case, two facts are evi dent : 1. There being no State Governments In either of these States, known to or recog nized by the United State?, there can be no Legislature in cither of these States to ] which an amendment to the Constitution i can be submitted for ratification. «, That there being no such Legislature, os U contemplated by the Constitution, iu exist ence in either of said States, any action by any so-called Legislature, even If affirmative, can have no legal effect in ratifying said amendment until Congress shall recognize the validity of the so-called Government, and retrospectively accept and approve Its acta n.- snch State Government. The Constitution is practical always. It I docs not require Impossibilities, and deals in I no abstractions. 'When it required tbc rat- I ideation of the amendment by the Legisla tures ol three-fourths of the several States, I It meant the Legislatures of State Govern- 1 ments existing at the time of the submission j of the amendment, and known to and recog- I nir.ed by the Government and laws of the United States as the Government of States. It never required that amendments before be- I coming parts of the Constitution should be ratified by the Legislatures of State Govern* | uants unknown at the time, but which might at some future period be formed, and • be accepted by the United States, j We sec with pleasure that some of the I | leading Democratic papers of the eastern I j States, disgusted with the obstinacy of the j rebels, arc proposing that Congress no longer | wait upon rebel upon tbc ratlflca ’ tlon of the amendment by three-fourths of the twenty-six Stales having State Govern ments, and having legislatures knownio the laws of the United Slates, shall declare that amendment to be in full force as part of the Constitution. Thera can be no question cj>on the tacts or the law, and we rej°‘ cc to see that leading Democratic papers have the gbod i>et»c to mgu this practical course. It it- fully any longer to trifle. If the rebels will insist in staying out of the Union, let them do so, bnt that U no reason why tbc wheels of Government should not be poshed on In their accustomed lines. TELEVBAPIIK! NBfPS* The Westcrn public will most heartily ap- prove of the position taken by the Executive Committee of the ‘Western Associated Press, M. Halstead and Horace White, Esqs., with reference to tLc New Tork Associated Press. In brief, the Committee proposed to take the despatches of the New York Associated Press at Buffalo and pay their equitable pro portion of the expense of collecting the same, and to buy other news from any one that had it to sell. They also determined to establish a new* agency of their own in New York. Adopting the narrow Chinese policy of exclusiveness—a policy so mean and despicable that It Is difficult to sec how any sensible men In tills age of progress could he so stupid, the New York Associa tion made it a condition that the Western press must, if they bad their despatches at all, not buy any other news. By a despatch from Messrs. Halstead and White, wo'learn that they would not submit to these degrad ing conditions, and they have therefore or ringed with Mr. Craig, former manager of the Associated Frees, to get their news without anv regard to the New Tork would be monopolists. We shall now have a healthy, active* competition between the York and the Western press, and the Western public peed have no fears ns to tbo K >nlL The position taken by the New York concerns show that they arc conscious of x hat has long been patent to the nation, that in all the csstntlal characteristics of a newspaper, except possibly In the extent of their wordy extracts from foreign j- uruals, the Western press have f.,r outstripped their seaboard co temporaries. They have for years, not c:dy been hampered by the narrowness and the inactivity of the NcwTork monopolists, tut they have been made to pay nearly all the cost of collecting the news for the New York Journals. The public who read the papers will now hive the benefit of Western energy and enterprise where It Is most need ed, and New York will find that this is not tiie only way in which the giant West will* declare and achieve her Independence of that city. It will find commercial «nd financial centres growing up in t’.eWestto compete with her In the race for future greatness and power. . The arrangement with Mr. Craig includes daily despatches from Europe by the Atlan- «umu., mu ini? snnjocta radical re form Is needed as soon as It can possibly be made. An editor of large experience and ripe judgment must be'sent from America I*. London, to gather and send each news as niil be Interesting and valuable to the American people. Much of what we now fieeivcls not worth the space It occnples. The agent In London should know *hat political and financial move ments in Europe will lie likely to affect ns fa yrably or otherwise on this side of the At lantic. The highest cultivation on general subjects and even superior statesmanship should be regarded ns essential qualifications Of the London agent of the Western Assocl ted Press. He should have access to the movements of all the court* of Europe, and should have sub-agents in all the lead ing capitals of the Continent, It Is not itoo s<->oa for the directors of the West ern Associated Press* to begin to arrange for despatches from several of the leading capitals of Asia. The Russian Telegraph will soon be comple ted. and long before the Pacific Railway la done, the papers of all onr leading Western cities should publish despatches from China, Japan, India, and other Asiatic Empires. When the Pacific Railway is completed, and steamers arrive weekly at San Francisco from Aria, daily despatches from every qnar -1 t«*r of the glot>e will appear In the columns ‘ of the TnmrxK. Bat in oil this we mean to 1 be in advance, and not; like our New York - cotcmporaries, keep “hangingonthe verge” J cf the necessities of the business and com* s tnercial pnblie. This, with the New York » monopolist .-,is the first step towards realizing the “manifest destiny” of the Western press. _ py x New Tork despatch announces that *bc Daily San has “petered out,” and ceased to exist. The Xew during the war was. In New Tork, what the Time* was In Chicago—a rank Copperhead, disnnion, rebel sympathizing sheet. It was as bitter and reckless In it* attacks on Mr. Lincoln’s ad ministration and as hostile to the perpetuity of the Union, a* the Chicago concern. After Ihe termination of the war the Xeiet support ed Johnson’s scheme of precipitating the un repentant States Into Congress without con ditions and guarantees. It denounced and opposed Impartial sufirtgc, or an extension of the ballot to tl.c b’ack man under any cir cumstances, and continued incorrigible to the last. The disunion paper here acted wore discreetly. As between advocating negro suffrage and dying, it cbosc the last. Thc AVirs chose the former and di*d. It □ailed i's flee to the mast and went down with colors flying. How long the Timet will survive its New York rebel “room-mate’* depends on the zeal with which It hereafter clasps “Sambo” to its bosom, and frater nizes with him as a “ man and a brother.” JIB. GBEELEYIH I.ATEST MANI FESTO. Horace Greeley, who seizes on every oc casion to state his position over his full sig nature, and who states It any way, even with out occasion, bat never without hU signa ture, is coming West; and ibis fact he makes an excuse for a declaration of principles. It Is Just such a declaration as might have been looked for. The Republicans having carried the elections, and secured full control of the Government for three yean to come, it is just the time for Mr. Horace Greeley to pro pose a surrender to the rebels of the South and tbc Copperheads of the North. It Is hla pecu liarity. He Is Invariably frightened out of bis wits by tbc consciousness of being the victor, and Immediately proposes to change places with tbc vanquished. Universal suf frage and universal amnesty bos been bis cry for a long time; and now that the North is in a position to cuforcc this or any other con* dition it may please, Mr. Greeley announces i that he is in favor of the amnesty anyway, I “ even though for the present Impartial enf- I frage should be resisted and defeated. 1 ’ In I other words, be would first give the rebels their amresty, and let the rights of the ne groes take their chances afterward. He would open the doors of Jeff. Davis’ prison, and send him forth clad with all tbc rights I and privileges of a loyal citizen, his offences washed out before the law, and his position as a leader of the South restored to him. The murderers of our prisoners at Anderson ville, the assassins of Abraham Lincoln, the I perjured villains who lived on the bounty of I the Government while plotting Its I destruction, Lee. Beauregard, Toombs, I Bnekln ridge, Forrest, tho butcher of Fort I Pillow, ail the leaders In the great consplra j cy that deluged the land with blood, must I be forgiven and freely pardoned—sent forth with no mark of ignominy upon them, and no rebuke of the damning crime they have committed. IVe arc to let them take their places as the champions and representatives of the people of tbc South, the honored leaders of public opinion nod the examples for coining gcnctatlous. But as to the ne groes, who have been true to the flag, who promptly answered every call, and came forth to defend it in battle, their rights arc to be left to the chances of tbc future.* First see that the traitors are freed from all possi bility of punishment—first put them beyond the reach of law or justice, and then wc will sec what can be done for the negroes. Such is the policy of Mr. Horace Greeley. Be Is much more anxious to save JdT. Davis and the rebel leaders from merited punishment, than he is to secure the rights of the loyal men of the Smith, This policy Is eminently In keeping with Mr. Greeley’s career, which has been consist ently inconsistent. It makes no difference with how much apparent earnestness he may advocate a principle, tbc moment it becomes iKJSf iblc to put that principle into practical operation, that moment Mr. Greeley Is cer tain to dodge off and begin a negotiation whb lU beaten enemy. The people of this country think the rights of the loyal men of tbc South should be secured to begin with, , and that amnesty should depend upon the future. Mr. Greeley Is a candidate for the Scu:i-> of the United States. Should he be elated, the Republicans could generally count on hi* co-opcratlon when it was not needed; )nt the moment it might become necessary to carry through any measure, would be the precise moment when it would become doubtful. BEDGCTION OF POSTAGE ON BRITISH LEXTERS. Our despatches yesterday contained the 1 following Important item: ‘•Wasiusctos, November 27.—Post matter Gen eral Itandall ban finally agreed upon a postal ncatj whh Great Britain, whereby poatairas'to and from are to bo rcdocel to ticfles cents, to be pre paid. Tbc postage la to be collected and kept by the Government where the letter la mailed, aud each side to keep what it gets.” The charge heretofore has been twenty four cents or one shilling sterling. A redaction ofonc-half la quite an improvemeut. There are in the United States not less than two and a half millions of persons of British-Irish birth. The number of letters exchanged be tween them and tbeir friends in Great Britain and Ireland Is Immense. Bat as most of these are laboring people, twenty-four cents of postage on a half ounce letter was quite a tax. The present redaction will cause double as many letters to be written by friends on both sides of the water. The benefit oftbe redaction will not ac crue exclusively to persons of British na tivity among ns. The commercial Inter course between tbc merchants of both coun tries is very great, and constantly Increasing. Thousands of business letters go out by every steamer, and other thousands are re ceived. We hope our Postmaster General will next turn his attention to France and Prussia, Tbc postal charges on letters to those coun tries ore altogether too heavy, and ought to be reduced to the new rate for letters to Great Britain. The tens of thousands of Americans who are constantly travelling about iu Great Britaln.'Francc and Germany, ou business or pleasure, would esteem a re duction of postage of one-half on their letters sent and received as a pleasant hint to their friends at home as well os themselves to write oftcncr. A redaction of postage on German letters would benefit almost as many persons as the reduction on British letters. The peo ple ol German birth in this country arc not lar short of two millions. As Prussia now | controls all Germany north of the Main, numbering thirty millions of inhabitants, a postal treaty with that power reducing the rates on mall matters would effect niuo tenths oftbe Germans in this country. The clause in the postal treaty with Great Britaiu is a wise one, which provides that the postage is to be collected by the Gov ernment where the letter is mailed, and each Is to keep what It gels. This will ahreviate tbc necessity of keeping accounts, and stri king balances between the two countries. Last year our Government had to pay over to Great Britain, a balance of $150,000 in gold. This deficit was mainly occasioned by tbc fact that whereas, our Government collected twenty-four cents of postage in currency on letters mailed to Great Britain, it was obliged to settle with tbc British Post Oflk’c on the basis of coin, and conse quently lost about eight cents on each let ter, being the difference between the green back and the gold dollar. THK CANADAS. British North America contains a larger population, larger cities, and more wealth than did the thirteen American Colonics in ITTG, when they declared their Independence of the mother country. According to the census of ISOI, the British Colonics contained the following populations Canada Eas*.,... Canada West >ew Brunswick JCovaScoila Kcoforodtuod . Prince Edward's blind. Total population lu the erect of annexation to the American Union these colonies would constitute five Slates, Laving tea Senators and twenty-seven Representatives on the basis of the census of ISCI. The united population of these colo- «nA th* Rtates of our Union at this time exceeds forty millient. The population of some of the principal cities and towns in the colonies were as follows in 16(51: Montreal, 1*0,823; Quebec, 51,109; Toronto,vM,S2l; Ham ilton, 19,090; Ottawa, 14,009 ; New London, 3.142; St. Johns, N. 8., 80,000; St, Johns, N. F., 88,1500; Halifax, K. S.. 47,394. It will take the colonists perhaps several years to (hlly make up their minds for annex ation. The mother country is willing to let them go whenever they want to leave the British connection. They arc no sort of use to Great Britain, but rather a source of weak ness and a bill of expense to that Power. The British nation feels toward the Canadas very much as parents with a large family do toward a daughter who Is several years over ace, and has an offer of marriage and de clines it from a wealthy, prosperous, good booking young fellow, who is “getting up In the world” very fast. The old folks think the girl acts very foolish, and some day may regret It. They don’t want to tarn her out of tin house, notwithstanding she is some* wbnt of a bill of expense to them, and re quires too much “escort” to protect her when she poos ont of evenings. Pater/a* thinks It would he better, if a wedding should take place, for all parlies. He thinks, also, that the big fellow Jonathan, who has been courting his daughter, would make a better neighbor If he were a son-in-law. This Is about the state of British fbcllog In respect to the anexation of the colonies to the United States. The Augusta (Ga.) CbMfifufi'Mwli* joins lustily in the cry now going up from the Southern press against the Northern “Democratic” party. It says that party seeks to make a cats-paw of the South, to insure the spoils of otDee; that finding the negro to be a winning card with the Radi cals, and, hoping to tarn him to Its own ac count, It now 'seems perfectly willing to swallow Sambo, and coax the South to swal low him, too. It objects, and say* the “South” will not share this strategy. 11 was said In the hearing of a New Jersey Qi L<t lady, that Mr. Johnson threatened to kick oat all cfitcc-botdeni who do not also bold “mj policy.” **But, John,” she tnqohcd wllhdelight* hilr.njf«',“bnt, John, can he do It? Doeatbee tblnk he can stand on one leg long enoujb toldck a*j)body t” EUROPE. Letter Item Germany. Tbc Appointment to the Austrian Pre tnlrnhlp-A l>«clded Sensation tn Prussia—Effect of tlae Appointment In Germany—Congratulation In Vienna— Ability and Plans of tue Premier* (From Oar Special Correspondent.] Mexico, November C, IMS. The comparative calm that settled upon tbc German political world with tbc ratifica tion of tbc several treaties of peace between tbc belligerents of last summer, has been ratber roughly disturbed by the formal an nouncement of the appointment of Baron Beust, late Saxon Minister of Foreign Af fairs, to the Important and responsible post o! Austrian Premier. For several weeks the leading journals of the Continent have been filled with rumors that such an event was to take place sooner or later. Bat the direct and contemptuoos defiance of the power that humiliated him so prolonndly, that such a stop would imply on the part of the Austrian Emperor, produced a general doubt of tbo correctness of the repeated reports, and hence their unexpected confirmation last week created universal surprise and wonder. In Germany especially, and, more than anywhere else, as one could well suppose, m Prussia, the official announcement of the el evation of the man that had proved himself in the late crisis the most stubborn oppo nent to the ambitions plans of the Prussian Government, and the moat implacable en emy of Count Bismark, to the most influen tial office within the gilt of the Austrian sovereign, produced tbc greatest sensation. From the Vistula to the Danube, and from the Danube to tbc Rhine, it bos been the one all-absorbing theme of newspaper discussion Of course, the organs of Prussian policy are vehement Id tbclr denunciation of what they designate as a high-handed outrage on the part of Francis Joseph. They pronounce the exaltation o( the chief Instigator of the hostile measures of the late Diet against Prussia, that brought on the war, asaa act iu the worst possible faith, and a flagrant, indirect violation of the treaty of Prague. They consider It an open and defiant declar ation of the intention of the ruler of Aus tria to persist in the traditional Austrian hostility to Prussia, and to luangurate In trigues and measures at once lor the recove ry of the lost ascendancy In German affairs. In the annexed provinces, particularly In Uauover, the elements of population, inimi cal to Prussian rule, have greeted, on the contrary, the resurrection, as It were, of Baron Beust under Austrian auspices, os a must hopeful event and seem to look upon him as their future redeemer from the milita ry thraldom to which they now so reluctant ly submit. In southern Germany, the great news of the day has created different Impres sions, corresponding to the great division of public sentiment upon the nialn issues of the times. In Baden, where the Govcrmcni as well as the mass of the people seem to favor the establishment and cultivation of intimate political relations with Prussia, the re-ap ]>catanee of Baron Beust upon the political stage in so important a part is looked upon with decided displeasure. In Hesse Darm stadt, Wurtcmbnrg ami Bavaria, on the other band, where the current of anti-Prussian feelings is still very strong among the Gov ernments as well as the • public at lame, the substitution of Baron Beuso in the place oi Count Mcnsdorff, has been re ceived with unmistakable satisfaction, alloy ed, however, among the LlncraU by the re membrance of the Cact, that the new Aus trian Premier made, while at the head of affairs in Saxony, a very reactionary record, and distinguished hlmsell particularly by re lentless prosecution and punishment of those of their party that were connected with the revolutionary efforts for an enlargement of political rights in IS4S and ’49. The only unqualified expressions of satis faction with the strange choice of the Em peror are to be found in the German press of the Austrian Capital. The liberal, no less than the conservative papers of Vienna, in deed, arc fhll of joyous sclf-congratulatloos and confident predictions as to the great beneficial results to be safely anticipated from the identification of the Saxon ex-Mln- Istcrwilh the administration of public af fairs in the Empire. entirely of the political past of the Saxon Baron, which certainly affords not the least guarantee for tbc realization of the hopes and wishes of mo&t of them for a change from absolute to constitutional forms of government, they salute him as a sort of Saviour happily vouchsafed to the Austrian people by a kind Providence In the hour of their direst extremity. It appears but too plainly from tbelr expressions upon tbc subject, that the chief merit of Baron Beust In their eyes, from which they infer with loose logic all the other pre-eminent qualities ascribed to him, is his past enmity toward Prussia. Tbc fact that he made a bold diplomatic fight against Count Bismark, and that he became in consequence thereof a distinguished martyr to the anti-Prussian cause, appears to be considered sufficient title to tbclr confidence and praise. The true motive of the enthusiastic welcome ex tended to the new Premier by them Is, how ever, no doubt to be sought In tbc assurance his appointment affords in tbclr opinion, that the influence of the German clement will be hereafter, as heretofore, predominating among the immediate admirers of the Em peror. For, ever since the ratification of that portion of tbeNlkolsbanr,preliminaries in which Francis Joseph consented to the ex pulsion of Austria from the German Bund, the Austrian Germans have lived In the most anxious fears that the other nationalities of rl»c heterogeneous population of the Empire • would gain and keep the ascendency under the new order of things, and rule iu the fu ture as they were ruled over la the past. The selection by the Emperor of a man of the most decided German tendencies as chief worker In the process of radical regenera tion about being inaugurated in the Em pire, has not only allayed this fear, but also •riven rise to the hop* in the Gciman-Aus trian mind, that under his guidance the lost , Identification of Austria with Germany at large n 111 be gradually recoverca. What has been treated os a cause for great rejoicing bv tbc organs of the German- , Austrians, is made the occasion for low crumbling by the Magyars, Czechs and the other rival nationalities under the sway of the Bapsburgera. Their leaders and organs perceive not without good reason lu the suc cession of Baron Beust to Count Mcnsdorff but a continuation of the old predominance of the eight or nine million Germans over the other twenty-five millions of the popu lation of the Empire. Though they do not as yet indulge la loud complaints and dis count the administration of the new Minis ter in advance, it Is already evident that be cannot rely on their support. Baron Beust has the reputation of bein'* a very able man. But It would obviously do venturesome to predicate bis certain success head of the Austrian Cabinet upon his achievements as Saxon Minister of Foreign AtTahs. Just as a successful brigade or divi sion coromandci may torn out a perfect fail ure at the head of an army corps, or of a whole army,-so the person that Las proved an efficient Secretary of State in a small kingdom of two millions of people may entirely Inadequate to the gigantic task of rescuing a vast empire, with a motley population of thirty-three millions, from imminent national ruin and political disin tegration. The fact that the Austrian Em peror had to go abroad to find a man com petent, In his opinion, to work the salvation ol his empire, though implying a very dis creditable Ustimonium paaptiiaiu to bis sub jects of every nationality, is no doubt very nattering to Baron Beust. But when the latter reflects upon the lone line of distin guished men that preceded him and failed, not from want of ability and experience iu stale emit, but owing to the natural, all hut Insnparable difficulties of the work assigned to them, he may well be filled with misgiv ings as to the experience awaiting him. Those that greeted the accession of Baron Boost as Austrian Prime Minister with de light, mainly on account of his supposed implacable hostility to Prussia, must feel considerably taken aback by the tone of his just published inau gural circular to the representatives of the Austrian Government at the European courts. The announcement, distinctly and earnestly made in it, that he parted with all the prejudices and feelings of the past at the moment he entered the Imperial service, and that he Is determined to devote himself ex clusively to a policy of peace and reconcilia tion. must be a disappointment to them. To forget and forgive the personal persecutions of enemies reallv goes n**rd with all mortals, and though professional diplomats are sup posed to have lets sensitive natures than other species of humanity. It must have cost Baron Beust no small struggle with himself. In view of the personal indignities to which Count Bismark subjected him, to form and ■ net span tbU resolution. If he shall really carry It out In pood faith In the future, he will l>c entitled to no small credit on this account alone. The apprehension of secret intentions on the part cl the Austrian rulers to resume the struggle for supremacy in Germany with Prussia a? soon as they had recovered from the crushing blows received last summer, manifestly ftU by the Prussian press and public, does not seem to be shared by King William and his Cabinet. For almost simul taneously with the installation of Baron Reust in Lis new position, the former ordered the disarmament of tbc principal fortresses of the Kingdom. This measure certainly docs not indicate fear of another early col lision between the parties to the treaty of Prague. It may be safolv presumed that it would not have been adopted but for the satisfactory assurances received at Berlin from Vienna In advance of Baron Bens*, s ap pointment. All true friends of Germany can wish that the old hostile competition between Count Bismark and Baron Benst mav henceforth be changed into a frmtfal rivalry between the two heads of the conrl administration In the two powerful States having for Its objects, not wars for territorial aggrandisement, but the material develop ment and prosperity and political progress of the peoples who«c welfare la entrusted to their care. „ .t,no,c&i .1,390.001 . on . 330,857 . 80,837 OCB LOSDOJi LETTER. Trade* ITnlon Demonstration In Prep aration—Their Connection with tbe Berorm movement— Development of Trade* Pnlon—Nature and Frequency of English Strike*—Co-operative Sort rtlcft-Frople’s Banka in Germany— Karl Derby** Speech- ICotrespondencc of the Chicago Tribune.} Lojtdov. November 10,1556. The Trade Unions and Friendly Societies of London arc preparing for a great Reform demonstration to be made on the Sd of nest month. An adjourned meeting of the dele gates of the Trades and Friendly Societies was held last night for the purpose of receiv ing reports from the Finance, Organization, and Demonstration sub-committees. The Demonstration Committee has been busy dur ing the last two weeks In organizing the Trades, arranging the details, and disposing of tickets. In addition to the meetings of U,c General Committee, meetings are to be held every evening between the present time and the day of demonstration In all parts of London. The Trades of tbe East Lud will ■meet next week, and that large and impor tant district is to be organized by a sub-corn- mittee. By tbe rule* of some of the Trade Societies politic* are excluded, and of course those cannot, on particular societies, discos* Hie question* of reform, but these societies have already held, or win bold, meetings for the purpose of parsing resolutions to enable them to join In tbe movement, not as work men “In Union.” but simp'y as workmen. The committee have already issued large liills announcing “ Monday, December S, u i general working men’s re* ' form holiday,” and recommending that all work shops should be closed on that day. From what la taking place In London and throughout tbe country, I do not think the aristocratic party will nave gained much by advancing as an objection to reform that the people were indifferent about It- They arc now up and doing, and they must ulti mately prevail. It Is a significant fact that Mr. Lowe, the leader of the “Adnllamlles,” is not to be invited as usual to the Corpora tion Banquet at Colne, for which borough he sits by favor of the recently deceased mar quis of Lansdowne, and it u added that it would not be safe for him even to make his appearance there. Only three persons said they would be present If he was Invited. From the preparations that are making for the Sd of December, I should not bestir {irised if It was one of the most imposing po- Itlcal demonstrations ever mode in inis country. Trades Unions have assumedlan extraordi nary development in England, far beyond anything of the kind In tne rest of Europe. At first they were merely voluntary associa tions, havinpchurltableobjectsaloDOinview, I such as assisting members in 111 health, aid- 1 ing the widows and children of deceased associates, and other purposes of a char itable nature. In process or time, however, it was seen that the funds collected for charitable objects might be applied in main taining or advancing the rate of wages against the employers. Indeed, from tbe w orkxuen’s point of view, the application of the funds to this purpose was but an exten sion of the charitable objects for which these societies were originally founded, and there arc very few of them which do not now com bine the twofold purpose of charity and wage-defence. There is scarcely a trade In the country that la not in union. The coal, metal and building trades, in all their divis lons and ramifications, have their different societies to which they subscribe ao mnch per week, and the fund thus created amounts in some instances to ten, twenty, thirty and forty thousand pounds. These Trades Unions have become a real power, and it is very dif ficult to resist their demands. It Is scarcely possible for a single firm to meet successfully a combination of their workmen, backed up as tliev almost always are by tbe innd of tho whole' society. Tho masters, In order to make head against those combinations hsfre been driven to counter-associations, #<ad it not un frequently happens that when ft men of one Bim make demands'whlcb tbye proprietors consider unjustifiable, the maa* tcn> in that branch of Industry have recourse to a “lock out;” that is to say, close tbe workshops and throw all tho men oat of work. Then the conflicts begins. Tbe men fall back on their reserve, live on it as far as it goes, and make appeals to all other trades for assistance. The battle is fonght with in domitable perseverance on both sides, and it is only those who arc intimately acquainted with the working classes of England that can appreciate the amount of privation and ab solute starvation they endure before they yield. Many a beleognn-d city has become famous In hfstory for the endurance of mis erics which were not greater than those sub mitted to by the members of some Trades Unions on strikes or lucked out. Even when forced to succumb, and to accept the mas ters’ terms, as Is frequently the case, the men resume work beaten, but not satisfied, and they proceed to raise up another fond to sustain another light. It some) lines happens that the masters send for operators to the con* Uncut. This was done in the case of a . recent strike of the tailors of Edinburgh, hud tbe result was the defeat of the native operators. The British workmen complain of the conduct of the forcignworkiiien, In thus lending themselves to injure the interests of their class, and thev went so far as to propose at the Inter , national Congress of workmen, ifl Genera, to universalize strikes—a proposition which 1 was opposed by the French deputies. As far os 1 can judge the masters seem to be getting wearied with these repeated contests, and they arc now beginning cither to yield to the demands of tbe men, or to a«sociatc the men in the concerns os participators in tho profits, alter a certain fixed sum has been assigned to capital. A glance, however, at an organ of the working class will show how far oifwc still arc from a treaty of peace between capital and labor. Here, for In stance, are the headings; ‘‘Malleable Iron Workers, Look Out;” “London Compositors Advance of Wages Movement,” (successful!; ** Painters’ Advance of W*ges Movement, ’ “The Plasterers’ Strike,” “The Basket Makers* Threatened Strike,” “Tailors’ Lockout in the North of England,” “London .Operative Tailors’ Protection Society,” “ Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners” (to celebrate success), “ The New castle Masons’ Strike,” “ Tbe Manchester Bakers’ Strike,” “ Factors Strike at Raw tcnstall,” “TheColliers’ Strike.” The most important movement of this kind going on at present la “ The Northern Ironworkers’ Lockout,” which has been In existence for seventeen weeks. By this lockout some 800 men were thrown out at employment. The largest cumber who re ceived aid from the fnnds of tbe Society -in auy one week was 2,653. Last week £529 was paid to 2,048 men, or lour shillings to each man. In this case the men are resist ing a redaction of wages proposed by the masters, and as the men belonging to the large Jarrow Rolling Mills made an offer to resume work at a redac tion of three per cent, (which was not accepted), they mast be reduced to great straits. Strong appeals are made to the other trade societies for support, bat it is not easy for working men to meet a weekly ex penditure of £GOO. That they have been able to do so for seventeen weeks shows how ex tensive and powerful these societies really arc, and indeed it requires only more noton and more powerful organization to make them Irresistible. These are the societies which arc about to make a political demon stration next month, and the motto which they arc to Inscribe on somcof their banners, “We want Reform; Who dare resist ?” can not fail to make an impression,! will not say on the Government, hut on the governing classes. The anarchy and suffering prodneed by strikes and lockouts have very much con tributed to the spread of co-operative societies of one kind or another. In some In stance*—but lew as yet—the masters, wearied out bv these perpetually recurring distur bances of industry, have associated their workmen in the concern, and in addition to (heir wages, divide amongst them a certain portion of the profits.* This system, so tar ns it has gone, seems to have been attended with the best effects, both economical and moral. In other instances, the men them selves combine in co-operative societies, and wiico well managed, the results arc surpris ing. Take as an example, the case ot the co-opcrativc societies in Manchester. They were organized in 1859, with a capital of £l5O ami 12S members, and the sates of the first year in the two shops opened, I amounted to £’.‘l22. In the year ending I the 30th day of September last, there were I iwcnlyocc shops open, haying 4,000 mem bers, a capital of £20,734 and yearly sales to tho amount of £86,000. Tbe total sales from the commencement have been £412,625, yielding a profit of £30,434, so that if the profits were divided on capital only, they would be equal to 42 per cent. Commencing at first as retail distributive stores the co operative effort has developed Into higher forms—lnto a federal system of societies. Thus there exists in Manchester a North of England Co-operative Wholesale Society, having for its object the purchase of goods in the nest and cheapest markets, thereby saving the profits of middle men. This soci ety Is doing business at the rate of £330,009 a 1 year, and has hitherto been eminently suc cessful. This society ships 90) firkins of but ter weekly from Ireland, and the result Is that a single pound of butter can be had at the same price per pound as if a person to pnrclms a hundred pounds weight of it. This principle of co ojk;ration is extending In France and Germany. In a recent letter I referred to the report read by Schnlre-DclltzscU at a meeting of the members of the People’s Banks, held in Cta sel. It Is worth while to consider tho form co-operation is taking In Germany. Tho numttcr of people’s banks, or advance banka. In Germany was over 1,000 at the close of last year; of these, 438 sent in their accounts* in sufficient time to appear In the general re port of the, Central Agency office. At the end of ISCo these 4flß banks had 1C9,590 mem bers, or an average of 341 members to each society. In the report of the previous year there were but in 455 banks, or 297 members to each, so that there has been a considerable increase, not only in the number of banks, but In the number of mem bers belonging to them. Furthermore, the 49S banks' of 1865 made advances to the amount 0f£10,135,480, or an average of more than £20.850 for each bank. The food : fiom WUICC lltcee *dv*ncn« OTC made Is derived from accumu lated reserves and Investments made by the members, and amounts to £128.030 — a very respectable figure assuredly for work ing men’s tanks. The amount and nature of • the other resources of these banks are char acteristic and deserve attention. Thus £1,t.T5,183 U derived from loans and nearly £1,003,000 firm deposits or three times as much as the original capital of the banks. These figures prove at once the confidence reposed in the banks and their solvency. It Is this confidence and the money It placed at their disposal which enabled the director* to advance more than £10,000,000 daring last year. The report only deals with the banks whose accounts had been sent In sufficient time. Supposing that the remaining 500 banks which have not figured in tbe report did business equal to a third only of the others It would giro a total of £13.200,000. The net profit of the 498 banks has been £56,000, or more than 7K percent, reserve Included, on tbe capi tal, The cooj*eraUvc associations of pro duction and consumption have bees ar less developed in Gcrmanv than the co-operative credit associations. There were 15« socie ties for consumption, and 199 other co-oper • atlve associations in 1565, as compared with 97 and 183 in ISC4. The 19D other co-opera tire societies consist of 26 for production; j 148 for the purchase in common of raw ma- s terials. and SO which combine tbe two ob- [ jeete of purchasing in common the raw ma terials and then selling the products in operative stores. What is remarkable with regard to the co-operative principle In' Germany Is tbe form it has assumed— that uf co-operative credit associations. In this country and In France the co-opo- | ratire principle has developed Itself prind- : pally In the form of societies of production and consumption—associations for mu tual credit being very little known. I hardly think this distinction is doe so much to | chance as to that peculiarity in the German 1 race which induces them to go to the very root of an idea ora principle. Credit Is the most powerful lever In the present economy of the world, and when the working classes have a ready made fund In ihclr banka they w ill have more freedom and more power In the establishment and extension of co-opera tive societies of production and consump tion. 1 have written so mnch on the subject of the po.-itlm, the attitude and prospectsof the working classes, that I have little space ld\ to notice the declaration made at the Corporation Banquet last night by Earl Der by to the effect that his Government would be willirg to consider the claims of tho Amciican Government on account of the Alabama in a friendly ami fair spirit, and also the neutrality law® of England, with a view to placing them on a mom equitable and permanent When I recollect the jeers of the whole Tory ore* and of the repre sentations of Tory isra In Parliament as well, it must be admitted,-of a few dyspeptic poli ticians of the radical school, whenever the claim* of America in reference to the depre dation* of the Alabama and other vowels were mentioned, 1 should hare said that man waa mad who prophesied that a Tory Cabinet waa just the Cabinet that would consent to consider those claims. How Lord Cranhourne—the Lord Robert Cecil of former days—can so com pound with his conscience as to remain a member ofn Cabinet which has the remotest idea of entering into a consideration of these claims, I cannot Comprehend. I am atraid it a ill be said in America, as It Is felt here, that the policy of the Derby Cabinet has been dictated rather by the spirit of Dr. Young’s famous lines— “ Be nire tc-day; 'tis madness to defer: I«ext nay theuial precedent win plead;"— than by a sense of what international equity and courtesy would dictate. No praise la too high from Lord Derby’s Ups of the gigan tic ellorts which the United States arc mak- I ing to wipe otf its debt, though but a few I mouths ago that debt. In the opinion of the I I n oble Lord, was to bane like an Incubus on 1 I the people of America for centuries to come. 1 1 These are amongst the penalties which those I I have to pay, wno allow political passions I and prejudices to override the considerations I of equity, oi justice. The other most imj or- 1 taut fact that has Issued from last night’s 1 I dinner is, that the military system of Eng- I laud b to be reconstructed. OU ! Sadowa, wbat mighty changes have been done in thy name. You would hardly credit lt,but a Tory news -1 pacer, the UloU, has the effrontery to say that {, jlr. Bright ought to have three mouths at ! the tread mill,’’ and after a discussion in the Union Club of Oxford University, the sa pient undergraduates passed a resolution 1 that "he was a disgrace to the country I which gave him birth." Alas I bow little do these young men comprehend, in the midst of their satin vestments and unlimited luu, the tendency of the times in which they Vive—a tendency which cannot be better il lustrated than by the fact that Lord Rom llly, the Master of the Rolls, has pronounced ■ I that Dr. Colenso, the Bishop of Natal, is cn -1 I titled to his ecclesiastical revenues, although I his brother bishops in England repudiate him os a brother, and eveu as a Christian. FROM ROSTOV. Thanksgiving in Kew England—Tlie Hallway ruimmmicaiuma oi'lloaum and IbcWntcllr, Quine}’* Project— Nominations for Mayor—Embezzle ncDlK and Swindles—Gas—The Opera, Griflilli Ganot and (lie (Slack Crook —Tlie Cholera—Personal and Literary, {From Our Onu Correspondent.J Boston, November 2-1, ISG6. THANKSGIVING WEES. This letter will reach you for publication ibout the day when all New England meets fur the most highly prized festival of the year. I suppose you have a Tbanksgivit out West of some sort, now that the Pra dent of the United States has adopted our local fashion of setting apart the last Thurs- day in November, every year, for that pur pose, by proclamation; but it dues not seem to a New Englander that the occasion can bare any of Us own peculiar tlavor of cnjoyablcncss anywhere but here, In this, the birthplace of the institution, at uuy rate. It shows no signs of decadence, but seems to be observed nth mure and more heartiness aud unanim ty every year, and there is a general hospi- tality large enough, 1 am sure, to furnish welcome and feasting for all the multitudes ;f children of New England who populate the Great West, if they could only be in* duced to come Lome and loin in our celebra tion of tbc day. The only exceptional fea ture of this year’s Thanksgiving that I know ol Is the fact that, fur the first lime in the memory of the oldest inhabitant, turkeys and chickens have gone down in price instead of up as it has approached ; a phenomenon which excites tbc wonder alike of those who sell and of those who buy. OCR WESTERN COMMUNICATIONS. Boston Is having another of those periodi cal agitatlocs about the loss of her commer cial position which come about as surely as the equinoctial storms, and have about as little effect. To-day is launched at Ncw buryport tbe first of tlie line of ocean steam ers which is to restore our direct commnni- cation with Europe; and, taking advantage, perhaps, of this, Mr. Quincy has been urging the community to remedy with its own hands tbe shorlco’uiings ot out commu

nications in the other direction, by having tbe Male exercise its right of purchasing the railroads between here and Albany, and run them on correct principle*. Mr. Quincy, who has dabbled In railroads all his life, ana not always, it must be confessed, with distin guished success, began to urge Inis project a year ago; and since then he has given a gogd deal of study to the matter, looking especially into English statistics, and now makes the astounding declaration that trains may be run at a profit, carrying passengers at the rate of five cents a hundred miles, which would make transportation from here to New York or Albany cost only ten cents, and between here ami Chicago only fifteen cents. lie docs not propose any such whole sale reduction just yet, but wants the State— or the city of Boston, to which he proposes to Bfeslcn the management of the road, to rc> ducc the f&rcat once to one-sixth tbc present tariff, making the expense of a ride to Al bany one dollar Instead of six. Mr. Quincy’s arguments, which this is not the place to re peat, are extremely plausible, aaano one baa I yet attempted to refute them. Whether the [ gigantic schcmewhichhe proposes is carried out or sot, nobody doubts that our railroads leading directly to the West have been most miserably managed, Jn a way to pay great dividends to tbe stockholders, and accumu late the bcaw surplus funds which have to be invested in costly depots and similar ex ; penditurcs, without making any increase of I rolling stock for freighting uses in twenty I years, and repelling toe Western traffic, the diversion of which to New York has made Boston a third-class commercial city. It is not so easy, to be anre, that errors of Bach long standing are now to be rectified. THE MATOBALTT. Tbe Republicans have given the nomination for the Mayoralty, of course, equivalent to an election, to Otis Norcross, a wealthy deal- I er In crockery, for many years a member of I tbe city govermeut, and now an Alderman, | and in'thc regular line of succession. The Democratic nominee is Mr. W. D. SbnrtlcfT, I one of those patriotic Democrats who sent all their sons to the war, and then growled viciously because it was not conducted on {eace principles. He is a man of wealth and clsnre, a confirmed antiquarian, with much local public spirit and an inordinate desire to fill the Mayor’s chair, which he has been an nnsucccssfhl candidate for time ont of mind. EMBEZZLEMENTS AND SWINDLES. Several classes of tbe mercantile comma- I nity have been exercised during the week over the collapse of a firm which has been I doing a profitable business In buying boots and hoop-skirts on credit, and sending them I off in the night to be sold by auction in other I cities for ready money. The partners were 1 named respectively Barstow and Edsou, and I were not marked A 1 by the business agen. | cies; bnt they cot credit to the amount, It I is though the bitten parties are I not anxious to tell their losses, or $150,000. I They timed their disappearance very nicely, 1 getting awav just before aroused suspicion I began to look for them at Ihelr dwellings, and yet petting rid of their stock so com- 1 .pletcly that less than a dozen articles re mained on hand In either department of their I Such things are always epidemic. I have 1 not heard ofa matter of the kind in Boston before for months, and now they seem to I swarm. A teacher in the public schools, residing in Sooth Boston, highly esteemed by all who knew aim, and most respectably connected, has been living beyond his In-1 come, and in a desperate effort to extricate himself forged the name of another teacher to notes amounting in all to $5,003. He ob tained the money readily, and his crime was 1 only found out when the paper was not re- I deemed at maturity. . , , . I One of our leading retail dry goods houses too, (and this is confidential, for it is only j talked about universally and kept ont of the papers ) found this week that some of the clerks were increasing-their own salaries by irregular methods,and by dint of frighten ing one into confessions Implicating others, brought the guilt home to seven of them, who have been after tbe approved fashion of tbe dav, not prosecuted, but discharged. * CAS.. A movement U on foot to have the city take the manufacture and management of Illuminating gas ont of the hands of a cor poration, and supply citizens at cost, and a joint special committee of the municipal Irgtslalure Is investigating the pros, and eons. The gas company, of course, makes a vigorous resistance, and it is not likely that the scheme will be carried out. The project Includes the removal of the pas wort* out side the city limits, and contemplates a re duction in the price per thousand feet of at least sixty per ccut. amusements. Marrlzek has closed hia opera season here 1 as brilliantly as he began it, hating had { largo audiences on every occasion except the Wednesday afternoon matinees, which | are an innovation to which the public does | not carilv get accustomed: So great indeed I has been ms success that arrangements are I already completed for a second season of a J fortnight ; In January John Brougham sac- I cccds the opera now at the Boston Theatre.'! He has always been a great favorite here, I but there Is some doubt aa to bow he will succeed In so large a ' theatre, which seems quite nuaulied to his peculiar talents of other delicate and refined than powerful acting. The Museum, incited I suppose by the triumph of Mr, Daly’s ver sion of Griffith Gaunt,” has a dramallza- | tlon of the novel in rehearsal, which will be ; i hmiied forward to immediate production. 1 Two of our managers have the “Black ! Crook ” fever; Mr. WMttxao, of the Conll- I cental, having bought the same and the play from Mr. Burras, the author, and Mr. Went ; worth, of the Comlquc, which is a ballet and i pantomine theatre, having copied the xna cbii err and dresses, or apologies for dresses, which are the main attraction of the piece aa given in New York, and proposing to bring out these essential* without the dramatic framework. VARIOUS MATTERS. It is a little odd that about the only two pronounced and unmistakable cases of I Asiatic cholera which have yet .ocean ed in I Boston have been two men in tbe upper I ranks of life, both of particularly correct I habits, both distinguished physician , and both dwelling in the moat aristocratic and desirable )<ait of the city,—the first, two or three months ago, Dr. Gonld, eminent as a naturalist aawelTaaa doctor, and tbe second. Dr. Townsend, In the prime ot life, carried away afrer only a few roan Illness. Senator Sumner and his bride have already gone to Washington, where they will keep house this winter. To the number of new magazines, to be started Ibis fall mat be addeda monthly, de voted to htrtlcnllure, projected by Messrs. J. E, Tilton & Co., of this «ty, who hare for acme lime made a specialty of books on that subject. Reverb. Iboreau'e Journal U stiUln sfafj quo. Nothing las Hen done wllh it. Mom.—“An editor wanted.” THE FASHIONS. Kcw Tork and Paris Fashions for De- cember. (Prom onr Ftehlon Co«rwi>ordent] K*w Yobs, Jioreinber 26,1*8. Tbc fashionable season has been luaugura ted In New York by several brilliant enter laimnents, foremost among which was one given by Sir, L. W. Jerome, the distinguish ed leader In sporting circles. Sir, Jerome la not a married man, and has rather a “fast” reputation; but he is rich, owns a. private opera boose, lodges his horses In a palace, and drives a four-in-hand, so why shonld not marrlagable young la dles put out their boat bib and tucker and tbclr swceetest smiles when be invites them to a feast? Why not, indeed? There are are two kinds of entertainments In vogue this season, one consisting of the various kinds ot wedding celebrations— “tin,” “crystal,” “china,” “silver” and “ golden ’’—the other, of fancy dress parties, more property balls, which careful parents allow their daughters to attend, but which, notwithstanding their “private” and “re spectable” character, give opportunities for license, of which the respectable parents, calmly asleep at home in their comfortable beds, have Tittle Idea, Quire a novelty In entertainments are the infants’ receptions, and infante’ parties, which have beeu intro duced this season for tbc first time. The infant’s reception takes place when the yoaug lady or gentleman Is four weeks old or thereabouts, and is the occasion for more or less valuable gifts. This Is a ladies’ reception exclusively, the moth er being attired in an elegant morn ing wrapoer, and the baby, subject to the UMial early vicissitudes of an iufaut’s life. The celebration of the first birthday is an other style of Infants’ parties, which U quite unique and affords anopportunity for cherubic display, which is eagerly seised by ambitions mothers, who are - desirous of contrasting their one-year-olds with other people’s one year-olds, and fortunately feeling perfectly satisfied with the result, whatever it moy be. The Invitations run thus. Mies Jna Locwe requests the pleaaore of v.uc company on Iburaday. ibe 21st in stant, at 3p.m.. on the occasion of the celebra tion of her first birthday. __ „ 22 LtnsosTOS Place. The little ones are brought by their nurses, and arc set up In state, in high chairs, the mammas arriving about the time refresh* nients arc served, to look on. The babies are elegantly dressed, and generally behave admirably, their rouud eyes remaining wide open from astonishment, until they aro so tired they fall asleep. The refreshments are a matter of difficulty, and It has happened that when the little ones got to table there was nothing lor them to cat, meringues, crystaiizcd fruits and caramels not being in their line, at least in the opinion of careful mammas. Children, however, arc just now the fashion, and fashion makes puppets of whatever and whoever comes within iU ju risdiction. CRINOLINE. Crlno'inc ■will die hard, but it has never theless received a severe, if not fatal wound. The narrow, long-trained, gored dresses, require booj*d skirts of a very j*eeaiinr con struction, and these the manufacturers do not seem inclined to furnish. The conse quence is that the dresfes hang badly; the narrow breadths arc stretched over wide, Dutch cages, which afford no support to the drees skirl at the liaek, and ladies who wish to avoid the ungraceful appearance arc com* polled either to relinquish hoops altogether, or provide themselves with the small gored French hooped skirts, w hich Is fitted either fi r the street, or, by the addition of a trained flont-co, fur dress occasions. The truth is, the wide skeleton skirts never ongbt to have been admitted as an article of todies* clothing at all. By and by, when it has become ob solete, it will be'considered surprising that it could ever have been worn by respectable women at all. It hooped skirts are worn, the springs should be covered, not only for security, comfort and convenience, but for tbe sake of decency. It is difficult to tell which arc the most inimical to hoopf=, the long, narrow trained skirts of the draw lug-room, or the short, narrow ones of the street. Is a new idea, and makes its way slowly, hut It is to be hoped it will succeed none the less surely. It is the moat sensible idea in dress that has appeared since tbe advent of thick walking b. uts, and deserves the hearty co-operation of every woman who has the mental, moral, physical, and spiritual wel fare of her sex at heart. The lifting up of the dress out of the dirt of the street, was a great improvement on the old habit of trailing in the mire; but even this is always found objectionable, no matter by wbal agency effected. The dress Is more or less Injured by being constantly festooned, and is very liable to be torn or defaced. Tbe short gored dress not only saves all this trouble, but a large amount of material. As yet. It has only been worn by young ladies of the very highest class, but lance numbers who feel alraid to have new materials cut up In this way, have ventured to cut over old dresses, thus making them as good us new, and arc so delighted with the result as to en courage tbe strongest hopes that the fashion will be a permanent one. Bat if dresses arc very shoit in the street, they arc longer than ever at home, and have assumed a strong Vcnetlap. cast, duo. per haps, to European sympathy with Italy. The train, the high pointed body, the long coat sleeve with high pnffon the top slashed ; across, arc all Identified with tbe Venetian lady of rank, and when to these are added the hair combed smooth up into a pearl not at the back, and arranged In short curls over the forehead, tbe resemblance become almost complete. the press rerntTM. t W*Uh handsome dresses cfct la the prluoacs m full gored stile, the dm*: pcplum is now nearly alway worn, this consists of a short upper skirt, cut ia deep joints on the hips, ana attached Is a belt, which is fastened at the bide with a rosette. 'The following is a very handsome model of a short dress, and wua imported for the trousscan of a young Boston lady: Short dress of black silk, the edge of the skirt, and petticoat ent out in square teeth, and finished with pipings of violet satin, short louse paletot ot black vel vet cut out to match, also piped with satin and lined with violet silk. Small square Neapolitan bonnet, covered with jet embroi dery, fringed with Jet beads and ornamented with velvet tlowcrs. The pcplum relieves the plainness of a Sored dress, and imparts a look of style and Istlnction, which Is decidedly needed to render It suitable for dress occasions. Black silks, striped with white, arc made In this way, seams corded with black, a thick black cord round the bottom of the skirt and a jet fringe with a'crochet heading npon the edge of the peplum. A dress of garnet corded silk made in this way is trimmed with cluny lace and white silk crochet buttons. A dress of pearl col ored silk fa trimmed with white silk drop trimming, with silk crochet buttons. Gored dresses have no pcplum skirts at tached. are trimmed all the way down, both back and front', and precisely alike. A dress of white corded silk for example, with a train two yards long. Is trimmed with straps of crimson velvet, edged on either side with narrow black lace, to form an apron with a hoddice on the back, as well as the front of the dress. The straps descend to the bottom of the skirt, and terminate in one which forms a border upon the edge, the upper side only of which has a finishing of lace. A new and very stylish evening dress is a blue silk, scolloped out round the bottom, and edged with thick blue silk cord ; over this at the back there is a long train-shaped tunic of dear white mnslin. edged with wide lace, and sloping up towards the front,where an apron is formed of long oval barbs of lace, the slender points of which ascend npon the fiont of the boddice. The corsage Is cat out square and trimmed with a flat lace Inser tion, and the short sleeves are formed entire ly of a full wide frill of lace falling upon a short puff of clear muslin. A wide blue sash b tied round the waist, made of silk, with luce frills upon the ends. A gored and trained dress of pink corded silk may be vandyked out round the bottom and trimmed with a vandyked lace, and dais of lace In the spaces. A pepluu should be added to match, fastened at the belt with a lace rosette. Pink silk button? corded with small star straps of lace down the front. WINTER CLOAKS, The styles are extremely varied this sea son, so much so that it is more difficult to tell what is not worn, than what Is. The most fashionable garments are. however, no longer cat as basqulnes. The short sack, the loose paletot,and the long gored .“Metier nich” pa'ctot are preferred, the latter prob ably, being the most stylish in appearance, U from the (act that it is generally worn In conjunction with the most complete cos tumes. An elegant gored paletot U made of dark blue or purple velvet cloth, trimmed with narrow hands of cmld black Aitracan. the round cape shaped like a conclimau’s, and trimmed to match. The dress la of thick armme silk or poplin, gored and corded with silk the color of the cloak. Dark blue or purple velvet bonnet fringed with jet and ornamented with blue or purple velvet flow ers. Velvet muff to correspond, trimmed with double rows of black Astracam Double circular cloaks are worn, but they are never considered dressy. A very good atvle, however. Is made of grey reversible cloth —red on the underside, the scolloped edges bound with red, and the cloak tied &t the throat with red cord and tassels. This is an excellent garment for ridlog and coun try wear. Loose paletots, made of thick, tufted cloths, are undoubtedly the most pop ular cloaks of the season; they arc warm and comfortable; require no lining and no trimming, bevoud the fashionable large but tons, and are thcreiore not costly, though the cloths themselves are expensive. They arc only stylish, however, In light colors white, cream and culr color—and, therciorc, will not last beyond one season. Sacks an! short loose paletot of light silk cl ush are handsome and very much worn with opera and afternoon walking toilets. A costume worn at the French (Restori) thea tre the other evening, consisted of a pearl colored silk dress, corded and trimmed with blue, a short loose sack of light bloc plush, and asmall blue crape bonnet, covered with a white lace crown, edged In points, and fringed with pearl beads. The straight open sleeve, with coat sleeve beneath, has been revived for cloaks, but It does not find much favor, the stylo being neither convenient nor becoming. There Is hardly anv distinct style for opera cloaks. Loose paletots or white tufted cloth are worn, and short sacks of blue or white silk plnsh. The best stvlea are of white Angola cloth, striped with red or blue, and made in the circular form, the finishing, thick white silk cord and tassels; but the uncertainty of the operatic season and the unusually light colors allowed in the streets, have given a license quite unusual, and black cloaks as well as white, blue cloaks and ••rev are sprinkled thickly at the most fashionable evening performances. We noticed, however, one very distinguished toilette worn the other evening by a charm ing \ocng lady. The small pointed bonnet was’ composed of two high puffs of tulle bound on the edge with rose pink, with mall pearl drops pendents. The cloak was > f white Angola cloth, striped with ro»e, .•rd the dress of rose pink silk corded with white. nothings. Morning dresses are again made open in front showing the cambric Hutting or insert* iugs and pullings beneath. Favorite styles are made of colored cashmere, blue or scar let, trimmed with narrow bands of white ailk plueb. A very handsome robe of bine cashmere is trimmed with an application of leaf designs enriched with an embroidery in various coloied silks. This is called the “campanil” design. ... The Venetian Is the latest style of walking boot. It Is of kid, with thick sole and high French heel buttoned part of the way upon the fide, but finished above the ankle with close fitting straps and buckle. Very pretty house dresses arc made of two colors, the underskirt and sleeves of one color, the upper skirt and boddice of another. This looks pretty In black and scarlet, grey aud blue,or more colors with garnet. Long gloves arc considered very dMingue for evening wear. Gold ornaments with chains attached to the opposite end fastened to the bracelet is the latest caprice In fall evening toilettes. Cameos arc coming into favor again os jewels. Jeamie Jt’Sß. ITALY. The Entry of £ing Victor Eman uel into Venice. The Crowds, the Enthusiasm, the Ca nals and Hie Gondolas, etc., etc* [Correspondence of the New fork World.) Vbkicx, November 8, iBG*. Venice, which had manifested an almost ex haustive emluwtasm on the two occasions of the eutrr ol <4be Italian troops aud tbc asoonocement of tneplfftirclV, was quite b> side herself at an early hour yesterday morning. Before the close of cay. and until a late hoar last night, she went cngraUfledly, deliriously mad. BOW TU£ CITT DECKED TTEESSU*. She appeared, soon niter sunrise, in a grand gala costume that mLht have become her aa in her anetullesl days. How she bad man aged thus 1 o bloom again, by what eaenfleea she purchased the ornaments which she baa worn and neon accumulating from tho date of the Austrian evacuation until to-day, it is mournful and useless to Inquire. It seamed aa it the carnival bad real); come back asem, sens the masks and the mystery, hot with all the noted accompaniments. Flags 1 they bang siidfiotteiea and ilnppei and waved, andper loimedby myriads every other cvomtloa that flag* amcapablc of peifonning, wherever a flair eiaffconld stick or an eve could see. They tell. In huge folds of red, white, aud bloc, from the gilded balls ol (he masts that nsed to support tho silken and golden corfalona to the bronze pedes* , tals, where tbc sqnlimiog tritons and sea-nymphs I were ]*elrifled btaven kno»B how many centuries ago. They crooned the dome of ibe liosilica, the root of the Ducal Palace. They soared above the golden anzd of the Campanile: they made the massive parallelogram oj the Piazza of ban Marco—window, roo», balcony, arch, pillar, and tower— festal ar.d brightly picturesque. They draped Ihe palaces along the Grand Cana! from cianite basement to mat Lie cornice. They decked the arch of the Rialto ; they bung from every bridge and lamp: they auioph d every street and alley ; they v»c»e twined, In restaurants aud ca/ss, aioundtbc portnlts of Garibaldi and the Krug. Gondolas, which in other days bore the colors of difTcrtni familK-s on the low ►latfal their prow*, were to-day onlv the one flag which Venice has adopted ss its own, along with the rest of Italy. Ibe neighboring islands were stained with it; priests hung it up beslne their altars; men and women wore it intmriatnre upon their bosom?. It was the omnipresent symbol of a willing alle giance and welcome to the expected King tub rcopi.B. And the people 1 Like the hypothetical dust of Maud's lover, they “blossomed in purple aud red." No wonder that the houses could not con* tsiu such an exuberant, uneasy, boiling over multitude. No wonder' that th a y emptied thtmtelves of the happy nuisance as soon as th y could, and closed their seed doors lest the rotten rafters aud crumbling arches within abort'd be loosened bv the outside clamor. Before 1U o'clock, all Venice-even to. Us washerwomen, and newborn oabe^—was out of doors. Tho jtvr.ft aud the colli were thronged ; the can ils brilliant with gaily decorated gotdolas, the caimA and the square of Su Mark crammed to their ut most limits with an anl-Uke multitude. How they poured In I Tho contagion of a &t. Vitus's dance appealed to animate the limbs of all assembled, 'there was hurrying lo and fro, signifying nothing except a pent-up, impatient enthusiasm. Too ca/'«* reaped a silver harvest, “the was a profitless show that soon withdrew Its gaudy, hut, to-day. unenticing windows from the public gaze. Under the arches of the Frccitiatie, along the pavement of the desecrated llrogllo before the Doge’s palace, crowds of wild young men marched, singing, cheering and waving tlags. Ou the Molo ai athe Diva degli Scllt avoni, winch looks out on the Canale dl tf. Mateo, the old fpocfaclc, made up of mountebanks, wizards, punch-shows, organ grinders and dancers, was heightened, us a picture, by tbc showy costumes donned by tbe performers, and the tiara and draperies with which each bad ornamented and sought to popu- I lailzehw little entertainment. The sober cilia -1 dmi ar.d gallant cavallen. the stalely dames, the lithe griecuas ; the Jews, lurks, Christians, aro catos, podestas, soldiers. and strangers who were wont in the flftectnh century to haunt this famous (imtnvnade, could scarcely have contributed to a iveiler scene than that in which these itinerants were central. TDS 005D01A9. Gcndolas 1 The canals ought to have been an inch at leari by the displacement of so much water. The beor&c-bko things Lsd pat on ornaments so gaudy, that one could scarcely recognize them. They made a picture about the junction of the Cana* Della rilndecca and the Catiaiazzo, that rivalled in plctnrcstjucncss the one m the Grand Piazza. They crowded the Hi; they Blockaded the Giand Canal near tho Rialto-whose arch a loitkraicb of dowers and coioie spanned, with an Inecnmion of welcome. Clustering about the Isola oi $. Cbiara and the wbaif at the railway station, where the rich barge intended for the King was moored in waiting, tbov looked tike a munatm e fleet of galleys collected to attend the derartnre of some oriental Queen. The blast of a locomotive whistle, away out on the railroad bridge in the centre of the lagane, an nounced the approach of the royal train. TUCKING AT TBE DEPOT. As the King alighted at the depot, which was rlcnlv accented for tbe occasion, he was received by tbe Mayor of Venice, the Compte Michlcl. (oixncr Major, who received the rendition of Vetietls by the French authorities, and other offi cials ot the city. Preceded by these, and attended by his suite—among them the President of the Council of Ministers and tho Royal Commission ers—he pass l d from tbe d-pot, beneath the taste ful arch met dovirthe pathway, and, cheered by the ccotmout, concourse which had assembled to catch tbe first glimpse of hla.peraon, embarked in the mnn'clpal gondola. ON TBE CEAND CANAL. Cenctin saluted him. A gem of Eastern splen dor bnislopon bis sight. Soldiers, clad innni fotms surpassing in elegance and equalling in debit' as ot colore, the uniforms of any troops is Kurope mw tfa« French, presented arms Fla .s from palaces, gondolas, balconies, seemed to ewcop toward him In greeting. Thu spears of the regimental fljgataflj—each Impaling a bouquet— bent to drop tueir offerings ac his feel. As ne as cended to the pavilioned deck of the barje. the oarsmen, costumed afi:r the manner of the Vene tian gondoliers In the middle age, lifted their blades Ui bis honor. Then, bendingto their work, they sent the sliming bark away from the wharf to tne centre of the canal, while thu band struck ng o triumphal march, and the hundreds of gondo las In the vicinity fell in the rear. TUB OVATION. The oration that attended the voyage thcrceforth was quite fndwcribab'n;. In every res pect it exceeded that given. less than three week* fl»r>, to the Italian tro p«. It had a more concen haU-d object. The Bret was an exhloition of »lta plc joy and gratitude. The last was an exhibition ot loyal fervor which ought to have thrilled—and probably did thrill—the heart of Victor Emanuel to Its core. “Hra . . The cry descended from palace windows, from tho Iron bridge and the Rialto. -It broke from the entangled masses of gondolas at the months of the small canals. Hoarsely from gondoliers, traders, workmen : shrilly from dames and slgnorllas standing in palace doorways ; from women har rying along the narrow wharves with babes in their arms ; from little children and aged men, the cry rang oat—an incessant blessing—“ Live the Eieg!'^ The lore seemed likely to live, hotwlthslaud leg his vcors, he had a vital look aboot him that only aa’lion constitution canid have maintained so long. Ills brusque, peculiar whiskers and mns'achc, his Arm, elect pott and military ges tures,'made him ono among*thousands to be re marked, even Ifhc had not been the one esnectally selected to be gazed at, praised and gratified by all Venice on this memorable day. Uu frank, winning smile assisted him in the popular affec tion. Whatever might thereafter be thought best for Vcnetia and Italy—whether Constitutional Monarchy or Constitutional Republic—the hot en thusiasm then at work had only one cry: “Long live Victor Emanuel 1" The royal barge, propelled along the whole length of the populous Canalaz/.0, finally shot Into the view of the people assembled in the Piazzett* ol San Marco, AT TUX XOLO. And noit tbe artillery thundered l And now the crowd In the TtazzeU, the square, the bal conies of the Doge's Palace, Sslbrcria and Zctia, lilted their voices In a cheer of which the Angel on the helltower above got tbe full benefit. The throng It the swarming gondolas were not leas uproarious. As the royal barge swept up to the foot ol the Piazzetta, gondoliers and *n lifted their bats and swung them with a wild tiro: of wel come I Here at tbe Molo—where the famous Bncentano of the republic took os board ber annual freight of Doges. Scna'ors, sed attendants for the cere monial of man laze with tbe Adnatic-the King disembarked. The two granite columns—one •importing the winged Hon of St Mark, the other St George and the crocodile—stand immediately in f'ont of the W.lo. Uncovering, King Victor sainted the hon aud knelt to tbe saint £hc action, partaking so mnch ol the chivalry of other days, and grateful, as it was, to the pride ofibc citizens who beheld iu aroused an excite ment which mauHcsted tuelt iu renewed cheers, and in a rush toward the Ring’s part} that broke down the military barrier along me open path wav preferred between the landicg-placo and tbe Ba-iucaof St. Mark. A sea of eager faces, for ward-reaching shapes, and lifted bauds, with while handkerchiefs tossing on it like a surf, threatened for a moment to overwhelm Victor Emannel as the Ben Sea overwhelmed Pharaoh. Smiling. and gently inclining hls cesd to right and left, be advanced along tbe space preserved, amid such a scene as a people's enlbns;a-m and a monarch's presence never graced anywhere else in modem times. bcesx rs tux piazza ajtd muim. For, as there la no dty in the world like Venice, po there I* oo public place m Piuza and risszettaorM.Mark. On the right of tbe Ring stand* tbe Dodge’s palace -Us »opetb balconies thronged with spectators and draped wkb tapestries. On the left, tbe Doric and lonic architecture of the library and mist. Tbe campa- nile. mite above the '.oggfa of Sansariao, flings from Itslofrv belfry anesormons flag, canopying half tbe width ol the Plazxeua- The iVrr* dill 'Orxlocio, crowned with tbe bell and tbe Moors, and resplendent«lib gold and azure, is at ths foot ot theoertpectlve. Kart, tbe Byzantine front of tba cathedral, the shimmer ol the arm upon Its dome* and vaulted roofs and along its marble pillars and sculp tend bos»ea. Then the thick multitude below, the flags and draperies, the bright bnea everywhere J One most travel through the Cast perpetually, and come round to Venice at carnival time, b.fore he will see the like ol It ml again. THE UtCZFTIOrt. .Mr. UIWAT.IUA* The Marquis de Breme, Prefect of tbe dnoti talace, first met the King aa be advanced, and ac companied him to the vestibule of the cathedral, where the patriarch Archbishop, appearing m bis robe«, rate him welcome to tbe city. All tbe roval partv, followed by a throng who ceased Ihi-ir acclamations and “trod softly and spo*e (hen entered the church to listen to tne TV Awn. at tux cAtnxunAi. . The procession, filing turongb the great central rortal of the Basilica, thus passed from a scene of display and tumult to one of almost oppressive silence and gorgeous gloom. Aa 'be Ring and his followers knelt upon the msrqueteile before toe high altar, there was a pause, in which the majesty and splendor of the event and Its surroundings became Impressed noon all hearts. The recollection of former pageants arose, overwhelming for an instant tha significance of the present aeL Tbe sacred corn put of the Crusades, litanies chanted over historic dead, the sumptuous marriages of a bacchtynoDluty, grand masses said before mon -tubs in ages when Christianity was more of a superstition than a faith, Ujcm were the pictures, theechoes, that dwcltwhere Ring Victor Emanuel was orarmc, beneath the grand mosaic dome of a cathedral which, even though}: were deprived of all human presence, would still be worth a world wide pilgrimage to acc. . _ , . . . The parti-colored light that struggled through the windows, barely sufficed to reveal the nuai- CCent prototypes of the art and architecture of the Orient which are reared and emblazoned within. Ihe hour was too early for the advent of that vivid ebatt with which, toward the middle of the aflcnu on, the sun is wont to glorify the sanc-a- Sr. Yetthe shadowy perepecSve ot pQlara. cob *iiara •latnee—a subdued lustre ofpol- SSfpwpbyry. and mosaics, of red. white, verd Mtlque and serpentine marbles, of Oriental ate* S.tSr and brocze-a golden glow m the lofty vaults above, traced with symbols and allegoric* chaM of bas-reliefs and Climbing foliage •.rnnfl—a wize of tca-ellat-d marble beneath, worn at d trampled away by the feci of thousands who had come ta past to fuU t he promise of baptism by humbling them **tns before Ibe altar where predoaa relics gllt tered bettatfc the faded folds of the Baldtchtso ; ih*<e ms*rive *Bd luxuriant Images wrought la ibe'mlod a dull wonder, ana la the eon! a certain 1 &T Xtc Eisg,*nd those around him retained tbefr position before the high altar daring the channt be of the T< Vtim. m THE DUCAL PALACE. Afler this rervlce. it was intended that the trooce in the diy ffconld be reviewed by the King in tbc ritsa; but the crowd of dozens aaa ■trsneer* *«> too enormous to alorcthcnecus •afvroom. The King, therefore, proceeded to ihe refilvcd ln Ihe Ujll or Sot. the address of thcmionicipal authorities. In that corneous apartment there were gathered some feiierablc\eaetia-9, who had Been the downfall of the Republic and of the last Doge; with th>.lr imp beards. their thin and silvery hairs and ■mnmiitnl eves, they suggested Ihe idea of their having alepoedirom the canvase* of Titian and lintoicilo along the walls, to m»he atonement to posterity for a political system stained with. the Kin of ie and the biood ot Camagnola. rntAsoEna ix txsicx —nos nmarra-nox. So nsanv strangers had not been seen In Venice since the passion of travel overcame the world. The no»at*ilidcs, not only of Italy, but of nearly all European countries, were present here io-uay« In person or br representative*. „ At tbc cracd Illumination last night the Kins was surrounded in the balcony of the Ducal ral ace, with one of the grandest assemblage* ever catbered In Europe. The IllnmUation was even more extensive and brilliant than the one suc ceeding the advent of the troops, which I attempt ed briefly to Cocnbe several days ago. In addi tion to the countless Jets In the centre of the plaz si the arches and fronts of the surrounding pal aces blazed with colored lanterns and emblematic devices. Men stationed on the roe's of the P/o --n,retie Vicchie and Huot'. the Tblazzo Duecde, the Toiro d*W Orolvslo the Dhreria acd in the bel fry of Ihe (H77»;;{nH/r,let otfi at stated intervals, hundreds of rockets. These, ascending In corves, mtl high above the centre of the piazza, and ex ph-clii" almost simultaneously. shed an nnanag- Uiiblc lustre upon the revel below. But what we have seen is merely the glow upon the brow olVcrice; what we have heard are Tier cries of ectluhlam in the streets and squaree, un der the influence of an unusual joy. To find oat her calmer heart we have got to plnrge into the arteries of her life—the cunals. THK SOLO AT KICUT—TUB GOXDOLtKBS. Letusiaho a gondola hero at ihe mo/o. where a great throne of rival gondoliers lift tbelr voice) in apnt al at-d prot siailou as we approach, bev end scores of gondolas arc moored 10 the granite suns, their high and enrved prows, tipped polished Iren, looking like a eciiool of sea ser pent- just arrived post baste from over the bar, and stretching their necks out of the water • to see what is going on in Venice. Their : lean, sable bodies rock noiselessly on ihe waves; a lifle black cabin rises from the • centre to tbc most of them, where two persons i may sit protected in the day from the sun » cud at night from Observation. Wo do not ob • lectio be seen, and we have an object In seeing. \ Bcrc is an open gondola. We may ding ourselves l noon its blcck cushions, wrap oar doaKs warmly ! about us, smoke peacefully our cigars, and view > the shadowy panorama on either side along the Onr two gondoliers are eayly caparisoned to night. As they spring—one to re prow, the other tolhe stem—and grasp their long lean oars, lha ravs of tlie great Illumination In toe Plazetta and tbe square a maze of colored ribbons flut tering Item their bats, and the fringes of gaudy sa*be* dauglleg from their waists. Poor gondo liers! the recent rnshot strangers to Venice has brought them luck; otherwise, tbe sacrifice of more than one wretch d dinner of beansaud m »c --cuionl might have been their penance done in this ecort to assist the city in reviving, for one brief holiday, the picluiesqueness, the glitter, tbo ro manceot her medieval past. on tin: casax. The oar l drop into the water without ft splash— so sl'cntly that it is as if tbe palaces and lights and swarming people on the pavements moved f-rm us Instead of we moving from them. Wc glide into the shadow of the Zecca: we pass Die J.> ,(niro di n are. As we enter the Catul/azzo, wc have lof behind us tbe splendor of the carnival for its pootiy and gloom. “Out. out arc the lights—out all I" Tbe palJCts are deserted and still, whore maeniCcent ba’cvniea and friezes shone, during :h< festival nights of tbe prime and decaicnce of the republic, as with conflagrations within. Only alone lamp her© and there behead a lofty win dow; only the dull outlines of the Dags aiid batmen* that looked so beautiful m tic surisbmc. now banging motioule«« and bceiess against the cold grim walls. With out a doubt the Venetian*, changed as their fot tmes are from those of their ancestor?, have tairlv deceived tl.c stranger who l-jok* to-night at the scene nMcb the whole city has united lo pro duce m Hie Piazza of St. Mark, but who neglects to rtv J *; afterwards la the gondola up tbe Grand Canal. A wsicAt. orisons. The canal itself la a little more populous than its palaces; and some of the latter, to whose mar ble step! an occasional gondola Ilea moored. turn open and faintly lighted doorways. Dark figures appear for an Instant in them, descend, and the gondolas move ellenllv away. Good..las rao-t us, glide pa-t us, beating men and women to and bom tbe festival. Snatches o' conversa- tion in the eolt Venetian dialect, low laughter, the bumming of songs, the cries of tte cordoliers to each other—these are tbe only rounds. As we approach the Palace Morenigo on tbe right, a gondola of large size, crowded with Agates, ana bearing lights, moves rlowly ont in l o the centre of the canal and stops motionless. The next Instant, without a note of warning, the voices or a score of sincere bum forth in a tbrQlmc refrain. The son j—a passion ate, atlccrtunate apostrophe lo the spirit of (reed men—i as been sung more than once during (he last loitnicht, amidst the cheers of the people on (he Piazza. As it rises here, from the dnsky besom of the canal, arresting and drawing a score or more of gondolas from the surrounding dark ness Inn *be narrow circle of Ihrht cast by the sinners' lamps upon the waters, it transports to the scene for a moment something of the spirit of the one we have just quitted in front of the Basi lica. The song opens with an invocation: 0 long lost exile, Ittrcd attest By praying bands from pitying Heaven; Hear Fre* dam, traitress of the past. Come bach, and he forgiven. And the chorus, changing to a higher key and a stronger measure, with: Glorify her with the bell. Ringers oi (be golden tower I Burst into a cenotanr, Liou of su Mark, to leu With a throat of bronze as well. The Sea-Bride of her dower I JUDGE LYSCH Three Robbers Taken From Jail and Hanged to a Tree* Boxr Use Jail Waa Captured* [Prom tbe LonisvUle Journal, Nov. 27.] At 11:45 p. in., on Saturday, November 31, a number of men, armed with guns and pis tols, surrounded tbo county jail, which is situated directly In the centre of Labonon, broke open the front door and demanded of tbe jailor the key to the dungeon part of the Jail. The mob, which ap peared to be niidcr the control of one lender, mode no noise, picketed the streets, and arrested all citizens whom they found on th<r streets. Those persons who lived on Main street, and who were curious enough to open their windows, were warned to keep their heads in, a wanting that was quickly complied with. Eighteen men, armed with guu«, rolled a large hogshead np to the northwest corner of Main and Rcpuh- lican streets, behind which they bid them selves, apparently ready to lire on any man who made an effort to go to the jail. The other comers of these streets were guarded by armed men. The various streets in town wore picketed by armed men. Every precau tion was taken by the mob to prevent assist ance reaching the jail. When the front door of the jail was broken open, the jailor ran up stairs and hid him self. When be was mis-ed, parties in the mob brought a sledge-hammer and at tempted to break down the iron door of tne jail. Alter hammering at it for a lime they found this mode of entrance impracticable, and commenced searching for the jailor. Doors were broken open, and hu was finally found hid in a wardrobe in a room in the up stairs of the jail, lie was immediately seized, compelled to deliver up the keys, and bold In custody. . .. . In the meantime the prisoners, eight in number, were folly awakened by the ham mering at the jail door, and fully understood, the danger that menaced them. They shrieked and yelled for help, and armed themselves with billets of wood and stones, determined to sell their lives as dearly as possible. When tbe mob obtained the keys of the jail door, they opened it, as they did the tmer latticed iron door which led into tbe dungeon. William Gorde bad armed him self with a huge billet of wood and bid be hind the door, ready to strike as the mob entered. After some parleying In the pas sage, live men marched into the dungeon, meeting with no opposition. They formed a line by tbe wall of the Jail and called for Clem. Crowdos, William Goode and Tom Stephens, who immediately answered to their names. As they delivered themselves up, tbe leader of the men said, “ Crowdus, I have been looking for yon for a long time.” To this speech Crowdus answered: “ I know you have. Mr. ——culling the man by name. The three prisoners were immediate ly marched from jail, the jail door securely fastened, and the jailor released. The mob, which was on loot,immedialely lett the cltv in the direction of Grimes’ BUI. a small bill situ ated about one and a half mUes east of Lebanon. Their horses were hitched and yarded in the edge of the city. When they ,cft the jail they, gave one triumphant yell, which awoke a large number of our citizen* aud must have struck terror to the hearts of their prisoners. Many citizen* saw them as j thev marched out towards Grimes’ Hill, and ( Fsv'that there roust have been about seven iv'five men guarding the prisoners. In addi tion to the men who goarded the streets, who numbered about sevt-nty-five more. Tbe mob left Lebanon at 12:30 a. m., on Sunday evening, 25th Inst. The place of banging is directly on the top of tbe hill, equally distant from the turnpike and tbe railroad—abont one hun dred yards from each. The tree to which they were hung Is a black oak, with one large limb, extending in a northerly direc tion, which la abont twelve feet Irotn tbe ground. Appearances indicate that tbe prisoners were hung one at a time, com mencing with Crowdus. He must have been placed on a horse, hls Lands tied behind him, the rope adjusted around hls neck, ' aud the horse led from under him. Appearances also indicate that the rope slipped, for his heels nearly touched a io*,t of the tree that ran out under hls feet. must have struggled to get a foot hold < n this root. Its declination only pre vented bis saving hls life by doing this. Imagine a man dangling at tbe end of a rope with his hands securely bound behind him, just able to toneb ground, and yet not able to release himself from the suffocating hor rors acd pains of death! Wm. Goode seems next to have been called on. Tbe rope around hls neck slipped so mnch that ne stood on hls feet, ills legs were doubled up and bla feet tied to his hand?*. His knees then were not more than six inches from the ground. Thomas Stephens was next hung. Ifappears that the first rope placed around his neck was broken, for three ropes were around hls neck tbe lollowing morning. Bis feet were ai-out tlx inches from the ground. The limb on which they were hnng was abont seven feet long, so that Stephens and Crowdus were within six feet of each other. They must have suffered Intolerable rain, since they all died from strangulation. Crowdus’ face was hid 'by a handkerchief. When it was removed hls mouth was found to he open and the rope with which he was bung imbedded in hls neck. Wm. Goode had q'olte a pitiful expression; he and Stephens both appeared to have attempted to prevent suffocation by holding their chins firmly down on their breasts. Stephens looked os well as when I last saw him in oor court house when he was being tried for bigamy, etc. After the death of the prison ers their hats were carefully placed on their heads. They looked so mnch like men standing on the ground attempting to hide themselves behind a tree, that an old negro man who passed them In the morning spoke to them, and hurried on to town very mnch frightened because they would not speak to him. After the hanging the mob joined In onclast shout and left for parts unknown. The mob was undoubtedly composed of many of the best eltizens of Marion, Boyle and Washington counties, and was folly backed by the united sentiment of all the : people In these counties. I did not see the i mob, but am informed that it was orderly and determined. I haveyt-t tohearkny man r deprecate the banging. Ton who are not In Central Kentucky can hardly guess how thoroughly our people arc terrified, how bndly luev are maltreated, and how unsafe life U ! Men on retiring at eight no as surances that they will awakeln the morning* and vir nous women arc never safe from in sult and injury. In the edge of Warren and Washington counties, most atrocious rob bcrlcs have been committed tbU fall, and most henious insults heaped upon women. Undoubtedly the mob that operated here bad positive proof against the men they hung, because they refused to interrupt live other men confined in jail on charge of robbery. The bodies of the dead men are now in our county court house, awaiting the reclamation of their friends. It Is under stood that this mob cautioned several sus pected men that thev must mend their ways or expect a rope. LIVE OB DIE 1 The reconstructed concern,so faros can be judged by Its published correspondence, has split Its party in the middle*—the larger , half going against It. To the degree that its Influence extends In splitting to pieces and extinguishing that hod, undemocratic, Bour bon organization, it will be doing a good and useful work. Ilcrc is a fair sample of the manner In which its “Live or Die,” negro suffrage medicine affects the 11 Democratic ” patients to whom Doctor Storey has admin istered it: Abhiajt, Michigan, November 2L To the Editor of the Times : 1 bare been a resident of ibis State twecty-nic" yeais, have always been a Democrat, and the war have been whathaa been known m Deniociat." I voted tke Democratic ticket at a# las* election—at which election I viewed the to N* no more nor less than that pfnwo cqaaiirr or nepio suffrage—(lor 1 can't sec any difienne© ii tbe terms.) Now that yon have aimonnceljoar adhesion to and support of that doctrine, will v o a pUflsc icfonn me in what particular von and"** Republican party diSer. and If tbe*Pcmuernte {arty follows your lead, would there be any dif crecce in the creeds of the two parties ? Yonrs xespcrtfolly. V B. Czxnrncx. Gait a, 111., 'November-ii. To tbe Editor of the Times: II impartial suffrage will pacify and ameliorate the present distracted condition of tbe country, I am for it bean and band. 1 have always been a Democrat, and as long as we have a ves:igo of liberty in this land, tm>t I ever stasll be to defend it. lam for suffrage as 1 said above, and. in sap. porting such a measure, 1 am unable lo find lit# tret delation from pure, patriotic. Democratic principles. ♦••*•••• lco co for impartial suffrage, believing, a« l do. that U will promote com! feeling, and tend to* wards extending and bringing the people more closely to constitutional pi inclplcs. In mi, v.lca., November 23. To tbe Editor of tbe Times; We have read your articles on negro suffrage, and approve o£ them. Tlu Df-'rolt Fete Pr*tt opposes, but the people'of this State, without re gard to party, will -rote to amend the Constitution so that negroes may vote. Yuara. *4 F. Bex, 4>- C. Bla-Xcilicd. Peouia. 111.,November it. To the Editor of tbe Times: I give you to understand tnat we Democrats are not to be bartered off for greenbacks or negroes. You can do as you please, and we util do the same. Please stop my paper on sight. Jas. McCot. DECOttAtt. lowa, November "hi. To the Editor of ire Times: Your article lo the Timet of tbe lilh mat., entf lied**f?hall the Democraiic Party Die or lives” baa scuta ibrill through the country; has sounded a trumpet that reaches to tbe very heart of tue Radical camp, that goc- and reverbera ting along, causing live.; ducoj.l.uj by men of both parties. I believe that you have struck lha right string, for Democrats arc not so much opposed to negro suffrage us they are to the manner in which tbo Radicals would grant it, if they would grant It at all: tor that manner is through the monstrous policy of centralization, the negro or the negro question, being only used by them for tbe pur pose of accomplishing the centralization of .he Government. Therefore, let every trno supporter of the prin ciples ofJefcrsoD. of Jackson, and tb'dr associate slates nun, “put their shoulders to the wheel, and push forward the column," to maintain our Gov ernment In all Us Integrity, upon that immutable principle, that thepatetr it In htrntt hi lUt pewit. Yours respectfully, E. M. Fxiixswonrn. West Jrasrr, 111., November 33. To tbo Editor of tbe Times: You ask, in your paper of la*t week, “Shall the Ib-mceratic party live or die I" We say i. shall live; but. If they conld follow yon, they would flUteiyclle. When the question of negro sa-Jiage is forced on the people, they will vote universal suffrage and a Democratic government, imperil and central!*- d power. That's so, mister. I a*k yon. as the jreitcr-np of our club, to send bsckthe money that I sent to yon for twenty-four •.utnb'ra of your paper. \Vc want to send for a loyal paper. Please send by return mall, and oblige. You can't run tbe Democratic party, mister. We suppose that von have three or four dollars In bonds, and yon fear the tax the party taik-'d of. Now, sir. we believe that a man that would do that would eat the Lord’s supper, and then [words suppressed because of their vulgarity.l Send tbe money without fail. Yonrs with little respects, Du. It. W. Roro. A Tribute U> the MTlwontin Scandina vian Regiment. In reply to an Invitation to attend a rc tmlon of the Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry at Madison, Wisconsin, on the 31st day of December, ISW, Major General Wil liam P. Carlin, than whom there was no braver officer in the service, sends the follow* leg, which has the ring of the true metal: IlEiUjqrAirrtns Tumi Battalion, 1 SmßSitm United States Istantht. V Nashville, November <9, ISO 6. \ Captain A. A. Brown, late of the Fifteenth Wis consin Volunteer Infantry: Mr Dear Captain— Sour letter of the Sth tnst. Inviting me to attend a re-union of the members of the Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry at Madison on the 31st of December next, has just been received. 1 am unable to express to you how deeply gratified I wa* to be Urns remembered by you. It is now nearly lotxr years since oar official relation ceased, but the kindly ton* uf roar letter shows that Ibe attachment then formed by hard trials bravely borne, atilt exist. Tho Fif teenth Wisconsin naa a body of men whom 1 have ever held In the highest honor. 1 loved roar noble, gailam, genetous and tree Coionri Haas C. Hegr. your dashing and brilliant Lieutenant Colonel Hand McKee, your true and trusty Major Johnson, and the stanneb, honest oud brave offi cer? and men who composed t Bat regiment, nis new jost lour years ago sines we marched tbrough this city southward to confront the reoel army about Murfreesboro. Yet wnea I read roar letter and iook out upon tho cloudy sky. and muddy toad, 1 almost believe we are still to gether, still marching in storm and through ha: tie to save our country Aon division and uur Gov ernment Horn destruction. Dot thank God the war la over, our brave volunteers who survived ate at their homes—car truest and best atim«a— and Providence again blesses our people with .peace, plenty and the prospect of « most glorious sndbappy future. I accept your invitation with the greatest pleasure, and nothing short of oltsta cltsinsurmountable shall prevent me from a’- Irndltg. I hope every sarvtvinc member of *onr regiment will attend, and many of tbe friends of yonr regiment who were onr worthy comrades in those dark. douDlfnl and tryirgiiays of December and January preceding and following tbe battle of Stone lUtcr. Truly your friend, WILUAJI P. CIUCt. Major Sixteenth United States Infantry, Brevet Major General United States Army. A Cto urge of Bigamy Refuted—Dis- graceful Treatment of a Woman* Txcrasca, November il, tSCfi. Considerable excitement has been created iu this village on account of the arrest of a Mrs. Watts on charge ot bigamy. Tho statement which has been published id some of tbe newspapers, representing Mrs. WatU as actually guilty of this crime, are not cor rect, as slle obtained last August a bill of di vorce from her former hnsband ' White br name), on whose accusation she was arrested. Tbe arrest was made when Mrs. Watts and tbe two children were abont to take the train to go to her husband. As soon as officer Niblaek arrested her, White, her divorced hnsband, assisted by’a low ruffian by tho name of Ellis, snatched the children from their mother’s arms and made off with them. In the affray which 'occurred. Mrs. Watts was bound and dragged through the streets, her father handcuffed and nearly killed, her sister knocked down and kicked into the street, and all done by and with tbe knowledge and assistance of offi cers Niblack, Bidwell and El lis, as tbe testimony will show. A more dis graceful scene never before occurred in a civ ilized community. The examination was held on Thursday. Tbe defence introduced tbe decree of divorce from tbe Calbonn Cir cuit, in bar of tbe action, and there is not the slightest doubt but tbe defendant will be discharged. Since writing the above. White has been arrested by Sheriff Johnson and committed to jail on a charge of kidnapping tbe chil dren. Be has also been held to bail in the . sum of $2,000 to keep tbe peace. DlstreMloc Suicide, [From tie Louisville Journal, November 2T.) The many friends ol Mr. Moses S. Fields, a well known lawyer of this city, wcae deeply pained and surprised to learn that he.'yes terday evening, took his own life. Mr. Fields had not been iu good health for some months, , _ and it is supposed that in a despondent mood, with a mind rendered unsound by suffering, he committed the rash act of suicide. Be was ont yesterday morning and took aridc, seem ing ’in his usual spirits. Bis sister, Mrs. Forrester, with whom ae resided, had gone out and Mr. Fields was alone in bis room. A small nephew heard a noise In bis room, and ran np to see what was the matter, and •returned, saying that hls uncle bad killed himself- It seems that 3lr. Fields had pro cured a small single barrel Wesson pistol, and bad placed it to his right temple and fired tbe fatal shot. Mr. Fields was a single man, aged abont forty years, of con siderable wealth, well educated, a well read lawyer, and a gentleman of rare social qualities. Be bad been resid ing with bis sister, at the corner of Seventh and Montgomery streets, in Portland, where he enjoyed all the comforts of an elegant home. Be bad recently manifested a mor bid sensitiveness, or a highly nervous con dition, in which the most trivial things gars him great annoyance. The rash deed could not have been long premeditated, for we understand that he lett nothing indicating that such was bis purpose. Tbe occurrence has cast a gloom over tbe large circle that were accuainted with Mr. Fields. Spirit of the German-American Press. Tbe Louisville TolkMatl of the Soth ultimo says that “ the hne and cry about ‘Universal Am nesty and Impartial Suffrage* U only a snare to catch the wavering and weak-kneed Republicans. What the President may propose In hls message wiQ come too late; for the people ha*" already decided that tbe amendment shall be made the basis of reconstruction, by 110,000 ma jority.’’ The same journal of the STth Instant contains the following leading article, entitled “ Wwrf<»«* “To-day's despatches bragtbenewa of the for mal resignation of the Austrian Archduke as Em peror of Mexico, and that Marshal Baxalne has assumed the Provisional Governorship. Rapo leon and hls special emissary did not even spare him a forced return boa his attempted flight and a formal abdication. This, however, is of secondary importance be side the fact that the preparations for removing the Dutch troops have been suspended, which U a direct violation ot the specific promise given to oor diplomatic agent. What to do now, ts a question which must be left over for tbe future. The Clucjuuart TbltrWatf of the S6'h ult„ con clude* an article entitled “Ike Sick Men of America,” in the following language: “The only hope fur these countries (the Spanish-Amedsan possessions) seems to be their absorption by the American element, which Is gradually reaching toward them. But this has also Ua difficulties and disadvantages. The SpaolsD-American question seems insoluble from whatever stand point It may be viewed. America has Us sick meu as well aa Europe. Ticknor & Fields have in press a tokw by Professor Stowe, “On the Origin and tUatory of the Books of tho Bible; what the Tilblo 14 not, what It is, aud how ft is.' 1 It wiU be a large thick IS mo.