Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 2, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 2, 1866 Page 2
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<£l)kaso tribune. daixy, temteekiy ayd weekly. OFFICE. No. 51 CI>.\BK*ST« There are three odJUans of the Tnuc«c timed. Ist. Every demise, for circulation hr carriers, newsmen ana the malls. 14. The Tu-Wkiklt, Mondays, Wed* ecsdoys *nd Fridays, Ibr the tusUs only; and the Wcrxrr.cnTtrandays, tor the and sa'eatoar courier and by newsmen. ■ Term* of the Chicago Tribune: I r»llr < *-e2l T o’e4ln ttie cltr (per week).' J 53 J - •• ** . “ (per qesnrr).... 3.53 •* ’ (per to well aabecrtber* (per *ar.ma. p»r*-, 4 __ Koltl »(lT*Dce> . • TMttVfkly.fper arx-ars. p«y»Wrlnailrancr) tVitklj - , (per anenm. payat>e In adraaco) *.uu (y rraclJocal parta of the year at the aarne met, CT“i'erfona rrmtitlas and orderins fire or. more c.Tle* of either the Trl-Wertir or WretJr editions tr.ay retain tea per «fit of the aabacripuoa price u * cormiaelofi- So-ncx to snwcruiiw.—la ordering the address el Tunr pii*r* cUn«d,to prevent deity, be »ure and ijH- '.fv edition roo uko—Weekly, Tri-Weekly, crl’Cly. fiviroßf raraasr sod future sdJrcss. CWKoce;-, lyPrsft. Express Money order*, ortn lu-*;UimdXiticr*.in»J’br*eatatouf»Uk, Address TItinUNE CO., Chicago, 111. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 2. 1566. HIE ACBICULTCBAL COLLECT! CHANT* The United States has made a grant of a pinion of the public land?, to each Slate, fi r the endowment of a college for the edn* tiun of men in agricultural and mechanical sciences. The7>ortioD of this grant falling to the Slate of Illinois, i? estimated in round numbers as equal to $300,000, the Interest only of w hich is to be applied to tho pur poses of the grant. The sum therefore to be disposed of in this State will be about SIB,OOO annually. By the terms of tbc act of Con* gT4 ??, tins fund has to be accepted and ap* plied to its uses before July, ISO 7, or tho donation will revert to the United States. In several of the States the whole matter has been long since disposed of, and tho funds employed, but in Illinois nothing has been done lor the reason that the Legislature has never been able to agree upon any of the conflicting propositions made. It ‘is proposed by one class of*persons there shall be founded a distinct and separate college with a large tract of land •.ttached. The whole Interest to be used in defraying the expenses and the State to • reel tbe buildings. This is an expensive i.xdc—how expensive we will not, in tbeab -sci.ce of estimates, venture to say, but the experience of the past shows that there will be. in addition to the cost of the land and buildings an annual chargeof nolneonsld tniMe amount. The course of study being spt ii ri will not have that value that would Vl- derived from a more general one. There are of course several different propositions for the location of this college, and the rivalry b;ds fair In the future, aa It has In the past, tc di fi at any final legislation on the subject. AuiAljlt proposition is, that of the dozen or ciabticn colleges now In this State, some three or ibr.r shall l>e selected and between tl.t-.-<‘ tbe light* en thousand dollars shall be dl'.iccd, and that instead of one college, tho oVUeif uf the grant shall be attained through the auenvy of tcvetal. This proposition was formally and officially endorsed at the Con w ii*ii nof Illinois College Presidents held la Chicago ?oi;ic weeks ago. That this propo fltk-n will be accepted without strenuous opt option is nr-t likely. "1 ho law defining the object of the grant rrad covcmlr.g the disposition of the fund pn-vidc? that “ 1 l:c mr.ufVf «o Invented ?tall conciliate a per ] rn.'.l had. me capital cl which ?!iall rutiula for. tre: ::rdrn:!i’i l:ra. and the latere?! ol watch shs’l i*> ii;vici»Mv appropriated, by each State which v. tc’, - su'd vhnm the »ericsu of this act, to the cinfov. mciii,; fepport and mrjajcnauci oral least or »• c< where the Icadiii? object shall be, excluding oilier *rteatilic and classical t’l.ilU--, ttEil ncbrdliiir military tactics, to teach t ur v nt k-r.rrlnj a? ire related to agrl ctibmc IN* u- rbanlc art*, in each insnnerss ;i .> J.ii-j-ljitarrs of the bmie* may respectively \ ro?rr:io, ir order to promote the liberal and vrartie.il odtKancni of the Industrial classes lu Ibo t«.v< ral j.nrtr.ll- and j.role-.-ioassu ih'e.” There is no mistaking this language. It pr.-vid-.-s a fund to secure the teaching of evch hranVhc-s of learning as are related to aiiii ulture, the mechanic arts, and military ; tactics. The law leavesU optional whether ether branches of learning shall be taught oriK t.lr.it these mu-t be. Thelawseems to contemplate that'these specified studies shall be taught in a college or colleges where other studies are pursued. It docs rot exclude anything; it only Insists upon the throe particular studies, and Inferen tially, if not directly, supposes that they shall form a part only of that liberal and practical education fitting men for the siveral pursuits ami proforriuns In life. I hid we In this State a university owned and centn Ktd by the Slate, there is no question lh.it the* endowment of chairs therein for instruction in such branches of learning as fiic related to agriculture, tbe mechanic arts, a; d mi lit ar\ tactics, would he an honest and literal eeiujlinncc with the terms-of the grant. All that the* State has to do Is to provide fi>r ilf a c studies, and tbc Slate can. C'' r l it 5c ot. , ■< r <r Pi refolds where they shall form only a p> rjicii of the general course. >Vc think the time lias come when there f-iu uld he a Slate University, and we thivik that U can be established rew with less cost, and with a greater cer tuh ty that this colli ce fund will be honestly ami u-cfully applied. We have iu Illinois, at Bloomington, a ?;. lc Nofiual School—Univeiaty, ll is cati- id—where Uachcre are prepared and qum Ifod. This institution is of the dost benefi cial character. Its usefulness and Us value urc fi-li in every r-clioul dulrict of the State At I'lo. miPiitcm, then* is a very fine coll-gc, building, with ample room fur others, or for an enlargement of the existing one. Why nut xrakethat Nuimal University the starting pedut in a State Univeraiiy of a general char uci'T ? Wu do not mean to propose that the N* ruiel Schtud sha'l be aboii-hed, suspended, rrits nscfulnc-'S Impaired; what uc propose 1- that it* coiir.-e be enlarged; that instead c fl iirg confined to one object and one pnr -1 v-*f, that that object and purpose be made a pan of the general purpose? and objects of a r-tatc University: that Instead of being rut rely a N< rmal School, that it be made a fr-t-c!ass University, including wltbin It the Normal School in all Its. vigor, usefulness i.r.d practical benefit and education. It Is not i- ee;fary that this University shall start forth all at once, fully developed. We uuh rstand that attached to the University r.t this f.mc Js a general school which Is now largely attended, and the pupils at which p-y liberally for their tuition. All thal Is required at first is that this school be cle- Taud to the dignity of a college; that its c. urse be extended ; thal all the branches of K arniirg relating l« agriculture, the mechanic arts aud military tactics be taught there, tud there, in a building owned by tbe State, already dt-vuicd Vo rducavbinal p urpose?, aud ca;uKcof Wing cnlaiged to tbe most cx t«r*ivo dimension?, wc have a plain, dhci'i, pro clival mode of disposing of this cull* ge fund. Lotus bo not misunderstood. Wc with the Normal School to continue uufiiorn of its usefulness; bat we insist that there- can be no valid reason why ’.here cat.unt be in the same building or in adjacent I raMlim? ard underthe same general charge, zNt ini.il School and a University. For the j r< fi i.t, only so muelf of the Normal School 1 'iHdiisg- as arc not u*cd for the direct pur yn v? of that school, need bo employed f.-r college purposes; but let the college be c raMi-Iml; let it be located iu that builtling until Its assets demand an enlarge m- nt. Let tb*? Leg;.-lati|rc pause before they fritter sway thl? fund for no practical pur p.'.-c. Let the Legislature deliberate well before it erect*- a fpecial school for tho pur po-v.- sjKcificd la thU grant; aud If a gene ral follcge i? to be established, let us hare a fo.-iu- Univcreity at once, which shall include tl.c Ncrmau school, that will he an honor to the J-flalc aud of some practical benefit to tbc people. Let the State retain this fund wltbin Its ownhnnd-s.to.be employed directly in its cvn University for the purpose? for which It wins designed. Why divide it up into four or j arctls to be utterly wasted In that run; Ur of sectarian colleges ? Is It right or ju.-t that this fund,designed In a special man. rcr lor tbc liberal and practical education of tbe industrial classes, including of neces sity those of all sects of Christians, es well os those who, Jlke the Is r rceliicr, reject Christianity, and those who do ‘ , do not belong to any j»anlcalar sect, shall be given away to endow professorships In collies under sectarian rule and of sectarian Which sects shall he favored? .ehall this fond. Intended for the "benefit of all. he only available when need by schools of two or three sects? Shall Presbyterians and Episcopalians be permitted to study military tactics, agriculture and me chanics, only In a Methodist college? or, shall the Methodists be com pelled to seek that instruction in a Baptist college only? TVe hope the State will, in its legislation upon this fund, close 1-- #«or against sectarianism. This Is a pub . ii. fund given for the education of the whole people ; it Is like the public school fund, and there can be no apology for endowing chairs in a sectarian college, that may not with equal Justice be given for endowing sectarian chairs In the public schools. The subject Is surrounded apparently bv * difficulties, but these difficulties will dlsap pear when it is remembered that this 1; a public fund, and that the State Instead of so distributing it that it shall be wasted, should employ It directly to the endowment of chairs in a State University to be owned cxd controlled by the Stale, which should be open to all the people of the State, and where tuition should be as nearly free as pos sible. A Sutc University is a public neces sity. Towards its endowment the State now holds a fond of £15,00} per annum, "ft c have the land, and we have a bfllldlog equal to. thfi present necessities. All the land that may he needed for tho pur* poses* or'lb'csc new. studies, can. bo had at Bloomington as readily and at ai little cost as elsewhere. Why then part-with the fund when It can be thus used as the commence ment of a University fund ? Wo submit this 1 suggestion to tho members Of the Legisla ture, and commend It to their serious and earnest attention. WOOL AND WOOLLENS. A ‘Washington despatch speaking of the wool trade says that the “forthcomfntfreporl of Rerctme Commissioner Wells will treat at length of the wohl trade of the country,” and adds: “The facts presented will be of especial inter* e*t,ln view of tiie tall In'thft pildesof woollen goods, borne of tbc lam mills la the conntrv have stopped entirely of late, and others arc nun ntug on'short time, Awnuse wool now coits more than thtmmvtiieiur/d poods tea for . Tho figures comptled in the Treasury npon the subicctohow that this glut is owing to the Increased import of woollen goods in 1600 over 18-55, the imports last year being valued at about twentvflve millions, while this year they have exceeded sixty-seven millions.” The wool growers complain bitterly that the price of wool is too foie ; but tbc manufoctn rers declare that it is too high. The remedy proposed by .each side is more tariff. The wool growers demand higher duties on foreign wool in orderto make domestic wool dtarer. But the manufacturers resist this proposi tion unless a greatly increased tariff is levied on imported woollens. Wool, they say, is now so dear that they cannot afford to buy it, A higher tariff on foreign wool will crip ple the American, manufacturers still more and reduce their consumption of wool, and how will that benefit the wool grower ? The cloth makers want Congress to add abont thirty per cent to the doty on foreign woollens, which now averages some thing over fifty per cent in gold. Bnt the wool-growers also demand an Increase of duly on foreign wools of thirty to forty per cent. They will not consent to the former wlthont the latter. But if the duties arc en larged thirty or forty i>cr cent on wool, aa well os on woollen goods, {be mannfocturcra will bo worse off than before, because the effect will be to make wool dearer and wool lens dearer, and thereby reduce the domestic consumption of their fabrics. His complained that tbc Importation of woollen goods in 1860 far exceeds the im portation of ISCS. Congress at Its last ses sion materially Increased the duties on foreign wool and woollens, by adding tbe cost of transportation, Insurance, commis sions, and handling to tho invoice cos; of tho articles, and charging tho full tariff rates on those additions to the foreign value. On bulky articles like wool this amendment has the effect of Increasing the tariff on wool fiom twenty to thirty per cent. On wool len goods the duties advanced from six to ten per ccut. But this considerable increase of tariff would seem to be of no practical benefit to woollen ' manufacturers or wool growers. How will still more duty on wool and wool lens mend matters t If the tariff on wool is Increased tbc manufocturcr will be worse off than now, because the raw material will be dearer; and!/ to counterbalance that evil, the tariff ou woollen goods he doubled, the whole American people who consume wool lens will be made to suffer by having the cost of thdrclothlng doubled, and this dearness of clothing will necessarily result in a dimin ished consumption, thereby damaging both wooljrrotvcrs and cloth makers. A year hence woollen mills will be afflicted with worse depression than they now com plain of, aud to cure their ills will clamor for still more tariff. Like drinking salt water, additional tariff will merely Increase { their Intolerable thirst for more. Meanwhile ; the only class who will, pocket money by making woollen goods dearer, arc those who have stocks on hand ; hut the whole com-* imnuty will lose what they gain, aud receive not a cent of consideration in return. The best artificial remedy for the existing stagna tion In the woollen business will he found in a repeal of internal taxes on woollen goads, on dye stuffs, aud on all raw ma- j tcrials entering Into the manufacture of woollen?, and reduction of Internal taxes, generally to the greatest extent, that the financial requirements of -the Govern ment will permit. One dollar of taxes re moved from an Industry la worth more to It j than three dollars of increased duties. A | repeal of one hundred millions of excises ou raw materials, manufactures and Income*, would do ten rimes more to strengthen, pro mote, and devc’opc the manufacturing in dustry of the country than the benefit to be derived from any imaginable increase or change of the tariff. Remove the burden of internal taxation, aud thereby unfetter the efforts of capital aud labor, and all classes of the commui.lly will instantly begin to ex perience the benefits of such pulley. INCITING I-lOU VtUI.I.NCK ATTKE CAPITAL. Tbc humble Individual who might so easily make himself Dictator, If he only had a miud to, hut whose earthly ambition, fortunately. Is ralhUcd, is not unite satisfied with the Jesuits of hU invitation to the people to “hang Tlad. Stevens and Wendell I’hll -lips ’’ Hi; It ihiK IhvoMiiu mob violence against Vomcy’s Washington Vhrouide, and also against the Ecaiing Star, a paper that has swung the circle since election. In Imita tion ol Johnson himself, but which happens at this moment to bo “at the other cud of the line,” as It favors tbc ratification of the Constitutional Amend ment by the South. Since the Star swings on a different arc of the circle from the one that A. J. now clings to, the .Vallonal Jhldil ffenra- Is looked upon as tho approved organ of tbe President. It is doubtless with his approbation that in its Issue of the twenty nlmh ult., in referring to the election of two negr.Hs to the Massachusetts Legislature, and to an attempt to nominate a negro for Mayor of Chelsea, the Inf'Vij-ucer declares that “ if the .'Yar autl Chronicle are not rtbuked "by *oiue omfjiicuou* art '\f -ourpe.t;de,thr “ Mint rtefeof things inayponsilly be pre . ipltaUd "hereby o>r.grrs». n There is no nii.-laking the language of the President's month-piece. It isau invocation of mob violence agalnvt two journals of the city of Washington, because they have ex pressed opinions contrary to (hose enter talucd by Andrew Johnson. It Is an attempt to override free speech and free Ihouglit-Jn tbc Capital of the Nation. Neither oFfac papers pointed out for the violuiice 6f the mob has commuted any breach of the peace or any offence again*! the laws. No. they have sinifly expressed political opinions in accordance with those held by the loyal mca of the country, and by Congress Itself. Fur this offence, Andrew Johnson, tbe man who Is ns hnrabfo os Uriah Heap, aud as wicked as his dull brain can show him how t«* be, calls on the mob to give these papers n rebuke, as “can eplcuouf,” doubtless, as Mayor Monroe ad ministered to t tie loyal men of New Orleans on tbe SHth of July, through the organized «s?a?sius and cut-throats tint he called a police. H Mr. Johnson thinks the country or its representatives in Congress arc In a frame of miud tu ?cc free speech suppressed in the Capital, he Is as blind as I’Uaroab or Thurlow Weed. MEXICO. Tlnyc seems to bo no doubt hut Maximil ian has abandoned Mexico, and that Napo leon has actually commenced withdrawing the French troops from (hat unhappy country, in good faith. He is too wise to riak a quarrel with onr Government In the interest of his Austrian protege, or to per mlt Messrs. J* linson and Seward to force him into one. In their own Inter est. Mexico, then, Is about to be left free to act os seems best to her own people. Unfortunately, there is little In the history of that unstable Latin population to give hope of future peace and quiet. No conntry In this hemisphere bos been cO systematically devoted to anarchy* Napoleon’s experiment only added to tho confusion and misery of Mexico. But now, even before the imperial ensign has ceased to wave over Mexican soil, we see the different panics and cliques arraying themselves nuder their respective leaders, pre{«tring for civil war. "We see one party under Juarez, another *undcr Ortega, and another still under Santa Anna, whose name is synony mous with revolution. There is the Church party and the antl-Chnrch party, the Rcpnb llcans and the Imperialists, and It U difficult to see how, amid these hoitllc leaden and conflicting interests, Mexico is to be saved from continued war and anarchy. The position assumed by our own Govern ment toward Mexico has been kept a secret, although It can hardly bo supposed that all the reports of meditated Intervention in her affairs have been set afloat without the knowledge and concurrence of the authori ties at Washington. - The United States cer tainly has no need to extend her territory in the direction of Mexico, nor has any reason* able pretext arisen, since Napoleon’s expres sion of a willingness to withdraw, to Inter vene In the affairs of that country. Mexico is indeed the sick man of the continent, and It remains to be seen whether there Is vital!- ty enough in the people of that country to survive the dangers by which It Is now menaced. ESF*A Springfield Bourbon writes a letter to tbc reconstructed concern, opposing the “flank movement,” denying the “Inevi table,” objecting to “Impartial,” or any other sort of negro suffrage, and ridiculing and denouncing the “progressive” ideas of tbe converted fccccfh print. If there Is to be any “progress” on Ibo part of tbc Demo cratic party, let It go the whole hog, from snout to tall. Says this Copperhead: ‘•Then whj lag behind with the ‘lmpartial P Let the progress bo at once taken iu (hie only way left opes, ana boldly advocate an advance upja the ortaMworkt. dcdan'ly neforting the hunting to the public raze, and lupcnbtag all over I: and order U tint uoblu word and sentiment, mitc*gi*it'.ion. This xruold flank the enemy eUocttullv. and ca pote his tea tot&evUatue aggression.'" The Springfield Bourbou commits a laugh able blunder. “ Miscegenation ”as a Dcmo- cratlc watchword would be no progress at all. Miscegenation, has been practised by , the Democratic party all over the South for and os actions speak louder than words, so the position of tho Southern brethren Is stronger than any mere paper re solves of the Northern brethren on the sub ject, as a million of saddle and cream colored people in the sunny South dally attest. Tho Southern Democracy practised slavery and miscegenation until their rebellion wrought emancipation. With tho destruction of slavery, miscegenation In a great measure ceased. The Springfield Bourbon ought to khow that miscegenation cannot be restored to Its former universality without restoring that other Democratic institution—slavery. Enfranchisement of the blacks will render .miscegenation practicably Impossible. prf** Horace Greeley seems to have gained nothing as a candidate for tho Senate, by his late manifesto la favor of universal amnesty. In fact, it Is apparent that be has lost ground by it with the dominant party. Even the New York Time* y which declared In favor of Horace’s election, expresses a fear that his “ declaration of opinion on this subject Is “Inopportune,” and says; “It will not “ commend him to public favorasacandl “ for the Senate. Public opinion la just now “ for from tolerant on sneb points, and “ though, we hope the whole question will be “ disposed of before Mr. Greeley, If elected, “would take bis scat, his opinions on this “ subject will Inevitably enter Into the can* “ vass,” It cannot bo otherwise; for tbe people of the North arc scarcely In the tem per to elevate to places of the highest trust ■and honor, men who are opposed to all pun ishment of traitors, and to all measures cal culated to make treason odious. It Is evi dent that Mr. Greeley’s vanity and charac teristic weakness have znnch impaired his chances of success. He was not wise enough to keep still. Ho must needs make a paragraph in an obscure pro vincial paper tbe occasion of a letter over bis foil signature, announcing hiawillingness to go to tbe Senate. Bnt even this was in better taste than making a brief Western tour tbe pretext for bis latest declaration of prin ciples. If every man who comes West were to follow Mr. Greeley’s example, and give to tho world his printed views on current topics, these manlfestatoea would soon out weigh all other literature, In balk at least. It is said Mr. Greeley’s chances for election were good before be published this amnesty letter. If so, it was eminently in keeping with Mr. Greeley’s character to begin to court tho favor of a party that could do him no good. It Is his peculiarity to think that success can only be realized by disgusting the men who bold the power In their hands, and seeking the support of those who arc powerless. t-57* In a charge to tho Grand Jury of the United States District Court, at Huntsville, Alabama, last week. Judge Bnstced took oc casion to give the people some good advice. He said the adoption of tbe proposed Consti tutions! Amendment would speedily restore Alabama to full relations with the Federal Government; that submission to the express ed will of the majority is the duty of every good citizen; that very recently the majori ty has declared Itself In favor of the plan of reconstruction proposed by Congress, and that from this plan the majority will not re cede. “In my judgment,” said the Judge, “ibo terms of the proposed amendments arc liberal, just and wise; and X would regard their acceptance as evidence of statesman ship and forecast.” The Judge referred to* the Civil Rights BUI as intended to secure “the poor, patient, klndly-natnrcd negro” against oppression aud wrong, and declared that while he presided on tho bench, It shtn.M he his “ambition and care to carry o-.i; tii*j humane purposes of this enact ment." Z 3 -V dastardly attempt was made recent ly in Virginia, Cass County, Illinois, to sup pres? the Virginia Courier^ a staunch Repub lican paper, aud to kill its editor for express ing views antagonistic to the Democratic ■party. A mob of Democrats broke Into his establishment aud threatened to kill him '; but assisted by bis little son, sixteen years of age, the editor boldly stood his ground and drove the cowards out at the mouth of a re volver. W'c congratulate him upon his plucky defence and for the handsome man ner in which he put to rout his cowardly as sailants. The brutes who attempted this outrage may congratulate themselves'on their safe exit. A summary reconstruction of such a mob by the loyal men of Cass County would teach them a useful lesson. | There Is no room in Illinois for New Orleans 1 exhibitions. PRKSOML* STawhsl Bcncdck Is writing an antobtograpby. Mr. It. 11. Stoddard has withdrawn from tin lio’tKd Telle. Borfeici, wno has long been silent. Is composin' a comic ojieia. A boy, slxt cn years old, forged a $20,009 f heel in New? York ta*i week. •toilnli Benjamin Is writing fsrtlclca onjAnerica forme London Tth^rcph. The Kniptes* Rnjrcnle was to hare sailed froa ilarsclKos y- sierday for Romo. ColonrJ John Hay, Bccrehry of Legatioa at Paris, ha« scut !n bis resignation. Uicwal* Garfield was overwhelmed with a sor pit-c party at Hiram, Ohio, last week. dir? Paian Slovens sad Mrs. Join Jacob Astor recently gave tolreei in honor of RUtori. IVler lihbluc? bade a final farewell to the stage, ntlVtwslarg, V-rgiela* lo«t Friday right. Archdeacon Dennison, of England, warn* rhe pcajaiilry to play loot-hai) after sermons on ban day. will John Morrissey bo an Influential member of the House ? Because he’.- heavy on the ey<.s and nuc*. Rulieitn Newell (Orphcno C. Kerr) Is writing a two-volume £( vcl to illustrate American llfo aad icnnniT*. XI;-. Roberts, tbe teacher, who whipped a girl of fourteen, nt a Cambridge school, baa been ac quitted. Mr. C. A. Dana bsaid to hare boagbt the old Boo'd materia), and will establish a two-ceut Itrdical daily in New York. Prr.iessor Agawl* says thst for forty years he vsir a teacher, acd never pnruslted a pajil. Ho docs cot believe In Ibo virtues of birth. Among the tradespeople fined in London ono day this month, for Laving unjust ecalej, Ac., In thdr pu*»es?ina, was a widow by tbc name of Vlitoe ItinocnL A married lady of Detroit sold b;r rag bigjoa Ttic-day tor one dollar, and afterward remem bered that she bad deposited the sum of $l9O in It for safe keoplne. Mr*. Cold), the pardon brokcresa. shows herself con.-j icmiutly at the Washington theatre, lu rich and uuraiftent dress, with her long black hair lonely over her shoulders. A .spnghtly New York cnlic tay« of RislonV acth-g: “Her Up? curl back from her teeth in 1 white horror, and sbe seem* to lap Crcusa*s bicud with debriona joy " The *• Major J. C. Hines, of General John Mor gan’s stall,” who has been amng UokicU at Nast- Mlle. aud getting complimentary newspaper para graphs, turns out to be bogus. •Toko H. (v-l« r. formerly of the Soatb, bat now a NowYuik merchant, has brought salt against Gt-ucral Ccn. Butler, for $1X0,090. for false im pri-onioeiit and unlawful conversion of properly. It I* rumored that the Prince of Roumsnla, Charles of Holicnaollcm, Is to be married to the daughter of the Duke of Lmchtcnberg. This wonid Indicate friendly relations between the comta of Berlin aud M, - Petcc.horg. A young clrl of thirteen (says a Paris paper). Miss Damcsxdl, Is imbued with a Cold of nu extraordinary attractive power, which at tracts all objects of wood which surround her. Chairs and tables arc instantly attracted toward her when she appi caches near tu them. Coes it pay to advertise! Onr experience t cache? us thal U docs. A week ago we adver tised for a boy tolesrn the printer's trade. Itnag tcc oar surprise on Monday morning on fludtug at our domicil on applicant weighing jnst eight pounds ai.d a balfl— Brandon (IFrs.) Times. T.cna sip tnhardt, ol New York, has brought suit for slander acalrst Charles Pricdisuder. Dam ages laid at $'25,000. She accuses him of circula ting a report that tho had been hia mistress. In order to break off an engagement of marriage be. tween herself and another party. Es-Govemor Boutwcll, In a lecture at Lewi*, town, Maine, last Wednesday evening, said that President Johnson and Mr. Sewaid had known for more than a year that John Surratt hid gone to Rome and unlisted tn (he army of tbe Pope. Ihts statement was made prior; to tbe reception of the telegram a&nou&cing Surratt's discovery and escape. Jolla Dean Hay ce Cooper is In New York aud will soon appear at the Broadway Theater. Her present liccc lord, Mr. Cooper, Is « resident of New York, who has male considerable money lo mining in the far West, and who for years has been a devoted admirer of the ladyhe has now cho«-a for his wife. It la announced that Mr. EX. Rives Pollard, late editor and proprietor of tbe Examht/r, has Issued a prospectus for a new paper, o be published fo Rlcbaotamndcr the title of JheSov'Aem Opinion. In tis prospectus Ur, Pollard offers three pre miums, of $10(J each, for the best poems, respect ively, on *' The Confederate Dead," “ The Valor ofthcConfonerate Soldiers,” and " The Prisoner of Fottrcfs Monroe.” An Irish paper tacoriona that Mr. W. H. Greg ory, M. P. for Galway County, has been asked by the Government to become one of the Oomtals eicnere to confer with persons to he named on be bait ot tbe United States regarding the maritime codes of the t»o conntnes, and tho laws to both astoforclm cnllftment, Horn Schuyler Colfax lectured tu Providence, Rhode Island, on Wednesday evening. While in that city he was tic gu tn ot Hon. |Thoma» A. Jcnckts, Representative in Congress. During the evening of his stay riiera a large number o( the leading citizens paid their respects to Mr. Colfax. General Thomas D. Sedgwick, commander of (be troops that were reported to have invaded Matamora% Is well known In Cloannali. He was Colonel of ti.e Second Kentucky Infantry, seven companies of which were recruited in that city. He is au Impulsive yonug man of about thirty, a good disciplinarian, and a soldier from choice, though engaged in the dry goods Business previ ous to the war. His family resides at New Al bany, Indiana, and he himself is a native of Louisville. When dtntng at Edinburgh two years ago with a number of Englishmen, virions and often amus- Inc questions had been a-ked roe; one pompous sod Tonv-Weller-wh individual said, “IslSlrae Itut yon arc obliged to carry a pistol for saicty InDoston!” While gathering myself for a reply, a gentleman, who thought he was doing ms a klndnct-p. exclaimed, “In Boston T Ob, no l Tou're UiinMnff of Xno rcri. n '—Jhs!on AJctr- Utr. BISTOEI AND RACHEL. Schiller’s Drama of Mary Stuart. A Comparison of tbe ZXtral Trace- dlennes. [Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune ] Nxw Yosx, November 27,1866. Tn the fall of 15551 saw Rachel at the Bos ton Theatre, In one of her most celebrated personations. On Saturday last, I saw Rlstori in the same character. To sec Schiller's masterpiece bandied successively by Rachel and Rlstori, Is something to bo remembered. Though the haze of cloven years has fallen upon the picture of the statuesque Jewess, as I saw heron the Bos ton stage, I hare so vivid a recollection of her that 1 shall endeavor to record my im pressions of these two wonderful women in. the character of J Cary Stuart. In the first place, one who had seen only Rachel would be apt to say that the charac ter was exhausted—that art bad reached Us climax—that henceforth no woman need to imagine that she could add anything to Mary Stuart. Some friends, who accompanied me on Saturday, and whose taste 'and judgment would hardly be called-in question, arc of the opinion that Rlstori has so mastered the character as to beggar comparison. It fol lows that there may be points of superiority In each, and it is of these that I propose to write. After a life of passion and profligacy, Ra chel sleeps in a narrow grave, having been twice a mother witbont ever desiring to be a wife. In Rachel were blended all the vices which a woman can have—l bad almost said witbont any of the virtues. It may be true that she loved her children after a fash ion, but unless she has been much belled, she loved no man or woman. Rlstori is the opposite of all this, and bore we find the key to the differences in their acting. Bis tort fell in !ove with the man who became her husband. AU the graces which can gild a woman as sweetheart, wife and moth er, sit upon her. She can draw from her own heart the treasures which are Indispens able to the perfect actress. In two things only is she inferior to her great rival. In the delineation of anger, proceeding from jeal ousy or wrongs, or wounded pride, Rachel was transformed. In such passages the spectators were lifted off their feet, as it were—their blood ran cold—they forgot their surroundings and themselves, and knew only the wrath of the outraged wo man's heart. If the reader of Shakspcaro can imagine bow Lady Constance looked acd acted after she bad lost her heritage and her boy, when she called down the ven gchncoof heaven upon the perfidious kings, and alternated between nnfktbomable grief and unfathomable indignation, he can form some conception of Rachel in passages of this sort. A lioness robbed of her whelps might answer the same purpose. Rlstori docs not rise to the grandeur cf such awful passion. Again, Rachel’s slight figure was the pic ture of classic beauty. Though not a beau tiful woman, she might have bceu taken, on the stage, for a statue of Juno by Praxiteles. The spirit of ancient Greece floated in her garments and breathed in her nostrils. Two thousand years rose from the grave and sa luted the audience when she stood before them as PJuvdrt. Rlstori, on the other hand. Is a large, well-rounded woman, inclining to embonpoint. She can never become ungrace ful,'but she can never become a statue of Diana. Her face, however, as seen from the dress circle, is quite charming. Whether in delineating Jealousy, or fear, or bate, it is still the face of a woman—not of a Fury. There are a few salient points in the play of Mary Stuart which bring out the qualities of the actress. One is the scene between Mary and Elizabeth, where the latter, tak ing advantage of her rival’s helplessness, . taunts her in the most crncl manner, and the former, goaded to desperation, throws off the garb of humility, which she had'con strained herself to wear, and pours upon her tormentor thewholc pent-up indignation of hcrsonl. The translation of the passage is as follows: Eu 2. {Contetnnlathxa her with an air of haughty contempt. To Leicester.) Carl, are these tbcu the boasted features on which no mortal eyecoaid gaze with rafetyf Is this the beamy to which no other woman’* coaid be compared? In sooth, the reputation appears to have been easdy woo. To be Ums celebrated as the reigning Beauty of the nr.hvi se, seems merclj to apply that she has been In the distribution of her fovora I Manx. Ah t ’Us too much. Buz. ( With a smile of contempt.) Are. now then showest thyself In thine own form, rill now tbon bast worn a mask! hlanr. (IWA dlffni*ed pride.) They were mere human errors fiat overcome me In my } outh; my grandeur dazzled me. 1 have nought to conceal or to dvny my faults—wy pride has e*er disdained the base artifices of vile Intriguers. The worst I ever did is known, and I may coast myself far better than my reputation. Bat woe to •Lee, thou malignant hypocrite, if ever tbon Idlest ilall the virgin mantle beneath which thou con ccalcM thlsc own financier amours I Thou, the daughter of Annie Bclcyn. hast not Inherited vir tue! The chaste virtues that brought thine adulterous mother to the Mock, are known to all! fatnor. (•'ifepplna between ffien.) Is this. Ob, iir.iv, thine endurance? if. this thvbnmlluy? JUnr. Kuduiar.ee? lhate endured all that ’Us in tre power of mortal heart to bear. Hence, nl.ji-ci humility I—insnhed patience, get ye from my heart 1 And thou, my long-pent up ledlg uaiioi.. i»mli my bwnU", and OnrU rjrth from thy lair! Oh. Thou who cavesl to lh“ angry serpent Ids deadly glance, arm Thou my tongue with poiMu.ons stings 1 i'At.nor <7o £7i :ebeth.) Forgive the angry trr.RMiort* vhlc*i thou bast thyself provoked. mute from rege, darts furionsgljti cc*a! Mery.) I.n. (/n f/te greatest aylwlon, and endeavoring 'o V.dnce Eikab'Ui to icl'AdruicA Hear no* the raring* of a distracted woman I Leave this ill— Mart. Ibcthroneof Knglaud is prolared by a bastard! Tho (Irtish nation Is doped by a vile pivtevdvrt Did but Hy/if prevail, tbon would*! no - .' he grovelling at my feet - for ’Us i who cm TUT>ovcr«lj;n! {Elizcbtth hastily retires. Talbot end Leicester f- How her.) Mart. (&M violently erei’ed.) She departs, burning with rare and With the nliternsM ofneatn at heart! Anna I bow happy lain I {Throwing t./rannsaunmti Aiiua's nceft.) 1 have degraded her in Leicester's prcsenco! At last! alUstl af •er long year’of in«all and contame'y, I have a' least injoy, d or-- hour of triumph an 1 revenge! Jn tills scene Rachel was like a destroying angel. She slabbed her persecutor with poisoned daggers. She trampled upon her, and gloated over her with savage jov- I well remember how the whole andloncc, from pit' to dome, rose to their feet by a spontaneous impulse, at this unparalleled exhibition. Elizabeth seeded to shrivel up before the consuming wrath of the Qoccn of Scots. Bis tort utteted the words, “Ah, this is too much,” with a low, leopard growl, that filled the theatre with a presentiment that some thing terrible was coming. And it did come. It was the anger and indigna tion of a woman tormented beyond endurance—not the lightning of Olympus descending upon the cruel and crafty Eliza beth. Measuring the excellence of the two representations by the emotions excited in tbc breasts of tho audience, which la proba- i blyAhc t?uc test, Rachel was tho greater actress in Ibis' scene. 1 Not less impressive Is the closing scene of the play, where Mary takes leave of her faithful la led to execution. In this ]tassAge Rachel was more heroic than it is In the natnre of woman to be under such circumstance?. Madame Roland, and Char lotte Corday, and the wife of Camille Des moulins went to the guillotine with lofty' courage, Inspired by love ol France, or love of their husbands. Mary Stuart had no such consolation. Her best love was her lore of life. She had no ideas to die for. She w&s a warm, if not a warm hearted, woman, to whom the block was rough and the grave cold. She was Queen enough not to break down in her last trial, and papist enough to believe that the Mother of God was waiting to receive her on the other side of the dark river. Yet the woman domina ted over the Queen and the papist, and we may believe that no one ever took leave of the world more reluctantly. In this scene Ristori wests ranch superior to Rachel os Rachel to Rlstori in the pas sage with Elizabeth. Those tender leave takings, those heart-wringing sobs, and’above all the pathetic sweetness with which she uttered the words, 41 1 have been much bated—but also Mt*cn loved,” must be ineffaceable from the memories of all who have ever beheld this scene as rendered by the matchless Italian. Though pronounced in a foreign language there were few dry eyes In the house, and when the curtain fell nobody moved for some moments, so deeply were all hearts penetrated with grief. Just before tho execution Mary confronts Robert, Earl of Leicester, whom both sh* and Elizabeth had loved. Leicester at the bottom of bis shallow heart, loved Mary, bat dared not break with Elizabeth. Ho might have ■ rescued the former, but would have mortally offended the latter, acd lost his power acd perhaps bis estates. In a moment of transient -heroism he had promised that his arm should deliver the un happy Queen from her dungeon, bnt his courage failed him. Elizabeth suspected him, and to test his pretended devotion to | herself, commanded him to be present at the execution of Mary. In this way they were j brought together at the very door of the prison. At the sight of him Mary trembles : and almost foils, bnt Is caught by his arm. Recovering herself she says, with piercing bnt not ungentle irony: 44 Robert thou boat kept fallh! Tbon dids't premise that thine ana should deliver me from three walls, aod thlcc ana doth now deliver me from them.” She removes hla hand from her waist, and throws It from her. This was done by Rls tori not angrily, bnt with such an expres sion of sorrowful contempt that every be holder felt he would rather a thousand times be in her place, going to meet tho red-flan nellcd executioner, than in his, lingering through life with that arrow in his heart. Both Rachel and Rlstori were more queenly than any account wc have of Mary Stuart. Rachel’s form corresponded more nearly with the historical descriptions, but Ristori’s face actually resembles the well-known portraits of tho unfortunate Queen of Scots. 'Whether this resemblance comes from careful study, or dramatic inspiration, or- from a natural likeness of feature*, I cannot say. Rachel’s voice In the tender passages was like an Pollan harp, soft and musical, bnt bloodless. Ristorl’s U like the cooing of a dove. In both, tho play of features was wonderfully mobile and natural. Women are belter actora than men. That tbc Greeks, whogaTCostbe drama, and left ns such masterpieces «a Prottuiheut and A tfffot*, should never hare allowed women :o appear on the stage, Output petticoats on male actors to represent them, la proof that they were, after all, barbarians. The superb intelligence which beams from the eyed of Rlftorl—the cloudless inspiration reflected from the brow of Rachel—were nerer pic tured on the lineaments of any Men may learn more than women, withont ever knowing so xnneh. The power of acquirement which men hare cm nerer equal the intuitions of women. The stage Is well adapted to show these superior qual ifications of women. One man there bos been upon whom nature seems to bare be stowed the Intellectual gifts of both the sexes. Sbakspcarc had oil the strength of a man—was stronger, indeed/than any other man—with all the subtleties and transpar ence of a woman. Tet he was an Indifferent actor. Much more might he written on the points of difference and resemblance in Rachel and Rlstori, as'seen in the play of Mary Stn&rt, if time and space allowed. To sum up, Rlstori is more a woman In her acting than Rachel was. Rachel was rather a - spirit from another world. Rachel could play tho devil, in more senses than one. She could also put on the garb of a goddess, hut not that of an angel. A true woman Is the best likeness of an angel that this world affords, and Rlstori Is a true woman. I bear it quite frequently remarked In New York that Rlstori is a humbug I If any man chooses to advertise his dulncss In this way there Is no law to prevent it. Much of the unfavorable criticism that we hear has its foundation In the almost universal Ignorance of the Italian language in this country. As Rlstori cannot give ns English we must take her Italian and make the most of It; Ifbcrrepfcsentations and those ofher Jewish rival In an unknown tongue, ore so Impressive—if they surpass ail we have ever witnessed In tbe language which we under stand—what most they be to those who can sec how each delicate expression and intona t ion Is adapted to the text! It would be worth i while to leam Italian If one could bear Ris tori afterward, H. W. £ecilleto.v. OCR FESTIVALS. There was a time when holidays were as plenty as blackberries In season. Blackber ries ore falling off from year to year, and holidays are decreasing in number from age to age. Ih the days when the supremacy of the Roman Catholic Church was not confined to the Eternal City, but extended all over tho world, the chnrch festivals alone were suffi cient to supply more leisure time than could be comfortably employed by any save Ital ian lazeroni, and these festivals wore univer sally observed. Reformations and enlarged religious freedom in almost all countries have even effaced all recollection of these good old lazy days, when trade was simply supply and demand, and commerce was unknown. Cbnrcb festivals losing their easfe t national ones were Instituted to give people their al lotment of spare time. Revolutions de manded a new order of things, until tbc French Republicans declared that there were altogether too many Sundays, and estab lished a regime, under which Sunday should only come once every ten days.. Man and beast, worn and weary, overworked and jaded, soon necessitated u return to the ways which Providence bad provided for them. War and changes of dynasties deprived people of their old excuses for celebrations without always giving them reason to re joice over something new. It was tried in this country. A rain but desperate effort, which lasted about four years, was made to obliterate tbc Fourth of July from the cal. endarof festivals. In other countries such attempts have from time to time been more successful, uutil England has only Derby Day, France the fete day ol the Emperor, who was so qncerly elected by the people, and United Germany will probably put on sackcloth and ashes annually by way of cele brating the birth-day of Bismark. In our own country we never take too many holidays, nationally or individually. Wo, that is to say most of us, for there arc some exceptions—enough to prove the rule—are inclined to work too much and play too little. Outside of the school system, we have scarcely holidays enough, and even the echool-boys are apt to complain. Na tional celebrations arc naturally desirable, not so much because they afford holidays, os because they perpetuate the deeds ac complished and endear to our memory, in such cases thanklessly unrctcntlve, the names and lives of those who did so much for us. Nothing makes our approbation so keen as n holiday. The birthdays of our parents or friends should never be forgotten. The birthday of cur nation should always be celebrated. The birthday ol the Father of our country should be solemnly observed. It Is meet and .“marvellous proper" too, that wu should stop to give thanks, at least once a year, for all our blessings. It Is just as proper that thanks should be givejL«t dlnncr as daring fast, and the thanks are always heartier. It was formerly the cus tom, “ more honored In the breech than In the observance,” to proclalma day of Cist and thanksgiving. It was probably discon tinued upon the discovery that those who had most reason to be thankful did not fast, ami those who fasted had comparatively little to he thankful for. It is somewhat curious to notice the differ ent ways in which different people arc accus tomed to observe the day. There seems to be considerable confusion os to what there is to be thankful for,.to whom thanks should he rendered and in what way, and whether the quantum of thanks should bo equally distributed among all people, irrespective of unequal distribution of the benefits. A large number of people go to the churches to give thanks openly and conventionally. The minister, in returning thanks for past bene fits, most always solicits something for which somebody must be thankful In future, and in this way decidedly approves the observance of the custom. Then there Is a still larger number of-pcoplc, who do not go to church, bnt who, It Is charitable to sup pose seek their closets, the more unosten tatiously to acknowledge the goods of this world. It Is noticeable, too, that men on salaries, who arc paid the same for giving thanks that they would receive for their work, never fail to endorse the custom by their strict observ ance of it,while laborers,who wouldn’t share the same advantage, remain at work If they can, or If tney cannot, have a mournful way of showing their gratitude. As to locality, it would seem that frequenters of .large ho tels and saloons arc the most thoroughly conscious of their obligation, as they are cer tainly the most demonstrative In their ac knowledgment. Then there is a class of morose men,who mope and mutter that there is little to be thankful for in this vale of tears. There Is a class of thoughtless women, who arc always too discontented for what they Lave not, to be thankful for what they have. Practical men have nobody to thank bnt themselves for what they are. Impractical women thank goodness that they arc not to : blame for what they are’not. The pious thank their God, the Impious their stars ; there are few who are so nogratetnl as to thank no one, and no one who has not some thing which should make him thankful. STVSICALLT CONSIDERED. The mnsic of Thanksgiving time Is as va> riocs in kind as the people who celebrate, and tho later the hour of the day or eve* nine the more confused it becomes. One is forcibly reminded toward the “ sms’ wee hours” of the next morning of Heller’s “Mnddy Recollections,” os rendered by him on the piano, with accompanying ex planatory remarks. Two friends go to bear the opera of Fanst, and between- the acta go ont “to see a man.” They are particu larly Impressed with the flower song “E porlale d’Amorc.” They carry the Impres sion with them, bnt It becomes gradually Indistinct, until they retain only the firat three notes of a more widely-known and popular refrain. Finally they conclude by singing in thejolliest manner possible, “We won’t go home till morning,” very much to the disgust of those who have already gone home.' At Thanksgiving time, welong for the glee of music, so popular among oar forefathers, and popular even yet in those sections where the customs of former generations are the more respected on account of their age and Iradltion—ln New England for Instance. If •there is not always harmony in It, there Is a heart full and a soul full of thanks. Father and mother, sisters and brothers, with glee-hook before them, join in tbe domestic chorus, and its homelr sincerity goes straight to Heaven. Not the words, nor the modulation of the voice, nor the plons thoughts of any one sin er, nor the emulation of all to sing It well, but tbe social unity, the concerted domesti city, the contentment, purity, gratitude and happiness of the circle, make it more solemn and appropriate than mosses, ora torios or chaunts. The glee is grateful, the laugh is Joyful, and the scene a holy one- Church music, it must be admitted, Is scarcely equal to tbe occasion. Not from -want of cultivation, however. As tbe churches on the Continent of Europe have for centuries been tbe repositories of art, so the churches In this country arc in a fair way to become the best conservatories of music. Tbe church music of to-day is highly popular, or rather the'mode of rendering it seems to .please particularly the people who support It- The people pay largely for It, which Is perhaps the best criterion for modern appre ciation. Organ concerts arc vis numerously attended in New York and Boston as the op era, and serve to increase the income of or ganists, as well as advertise the maker of the instrument. There is no excuse to be found or bad church music for want of rehearsals, or choir-meetings, as they are still called In deference to custom. The/ are as frequent and thorough as rehearsals for the grandest of concerts. It may hare been noticed, however, that there la a singular want of expression In the music of church choirs, Just the places where the deepest expression would naturally be expected. Five hundred a year may secure the services of a finished organist, or charm ing soprano, or a leader of undoubted execu tive ability. But It will not insnre a com munication of sympathetic Interest from choir to congregation, the soaring of the soul by the help of purity of-sound and telling supplications of song. The singing may be artistic, it may bo melodious, it certainly at tracts peopleto look from their books, and even at times to turn around toward tho choir; but during the singing they never seem to bow their heads In humility, or rise in glory to the praise of Him to whom they sing. We do not make any objection to this mode of singing for regular Sundays, or do* sire to suggest any change, but for. Thanks giving It Is not hearty enough. The cause of this deplorable want of ex* presslon, which is a result of an absence of all feeling, may be found In' the curtain; which most church choirs have. “ Behind the curtain ” In church is apt to be very much the same thing as “ behind tho cur* tain ” in theatre or opera. No sooner is one piece of singing finished thin the curtain is drawn, and the choir, shat off from minister and congregation, begin their preparations for the next os the programme. The leader Is dictatorial In the expression of hU opln lons os to what shall be sung, and critical as to what has been sung, his own shortcom ings being invariably put upon the organist. The organist, who proposes to know more about it than any one else, resists all such unjust imputations, and all this engenders a feeling which is not pleasant at any time, bat particularly out of place In a temple, consecrated to tho worship of God. The soprano and olio are equally dis contented, or console themselves by talking over tbe matter of dress and fashion. The basso always goes to sleep, probably weary from tbc very profundity of his voice. Now, a professional choir of this description, how. ever popular, cannot give os such music as we want on Thanksgiving. There is little reason to expect from It expression, sincerity or truthful impressiveness. It Is hard cnongh at all times to be a*Christlan and to be as thankful as one ought to be, but It must be almost an impossibility la a modern, popu lar chnrch choir. Under such circumstances, with like feel ings, Handel could never have written his “ Messiah” which alternately subdues and elevates us. Mozart could never have por trayed so grandly, poor, prayerful, suppllcat-

Ingbumanlty as he baa in bis “Requiem,” bad he not felt that pcenllar religious sent!, ment, which from time to time comes upon every one of ns. And a church choir will never be able to give us heartfelt Thanksgiv ing music, until tbc curtain Is taken away, and tbe musicians are Imbued with tho spirit of tbe occasion. It is possible that there will be less art, bat It Is certain that there will be more music and Christianity. COTTON CCLTCBE. MADRAS VERSFS AMERICA. A Handbook of Cotum Cultivation. By J. Talbots WiUtELsa. Cloth. Pp. COO. Nevrlork: Virtue & Yoralon, The first cotton cultivated In America la believed to bare becu Introduced from the Grecian Archipelago. Virginia was the fos ter parent of the vaunted yonng king, but short summers and severe climate brought failure, and tobacco growing and negro breeding were found to be more profitable callings for the noble-minded F. F. Vs. Pioneers carried the seed to Ken tucky and Tennessee, from which it found Us way into the genial climate of Ala* hams and Mississippi. In those days there was no saw gin, hut the seed was separated from the fibre hr the tedious manual process, a method more primitive than that of the ryota of India. The success of this staple in the Gulf States and on the sea Islands ex ceeded all expectat'ons ; and the Increasing Importance of the crop with the Impetus given to plantation profits by Whitney's gin have built op a trade already rivalling the traffic In Iron or grain. Thongh soil' considerably influences the quality of cotton, Hr. Finnic thinks that cli mate Is the great desideratum. A rich soil In a favorable climate will produce a large quantity of lino cotton; a poor soil in a favor able climate will produce ah Inferior sample; but an unfavorable climate and poor soil will produce an article inferior lu quality and deficient in quantity. However rich the soli may be, no profitable crop can be pro duced nulcss the climate be propitious. By reversal of seasons the climate of our Cotton States cud that of Madras arc abont the same. Every part of the presidency lies south of the twentieth degree ot north latitude; while the Ameri can cotton region lies wholly north of the thirtieth parallel. But the cotton season of Southern Ilindostan is wln»jr; and the temperature it not very different from that of GeoigSa cr Alabama In the summer. The ryot of Madras sows his cotton in October end gathers it in March or April; while our planters sow It in April and gather it in Sep t« mber. The favorite cotton soil of India is the “black land,” which very much resem bles the “ Illinois bottom.” It Is to be found in almost every district of Madras, and varies In depth from three to thirty fe;t, resting npon rock or sand. This soil is said to be peculiarly adapted to the growth of Indian cotton. Many parts of the cotton region, called “red lands,” are more or less sandy and better fitted for the American variety. In America, light soils are deemed best. The rows arc set about five feet apart; but the distance varies In the ratio of quality in the soil. The prime object is to make the branches of the plant cover the whole ground towrrd the latter part of the season when the soil becomes too dry. On the sea islands the rows are often put seven feet apart, for the growth is luxuriant, and the branches spread far asunder. In some {'arts of South Carolina the rows are not more than two feet from one another, because the soil is poor and the growth less vigorous. Thn«, the poorer the soil the more it Is exhausted. The two main Ideas of planting are to ensure a good and regular stand of plants, and, in the gathering season, to make't certain that the staple Is perfectly cleaned. The seeds are planted during the first half of April, In ridges, between which are ditches, the ground being turned toward both sides with the plow. A pretty liberal quantity of seed is put into the drill, and at the first holng most of the plants arc cat away, leaving couples standing at about the distance of a foot aud a half from one another. At the second holng or scraping the hills are cut down to single plants. The field must be kept clear of weeds, Every fifteen or twenty days the plonghinfhnd scraping are repeated till the pods appear. By lopping the growth may be thrown Into the production, of pod. The magnitude of the crop depends very much upon the. length of time between the lost frost In spring and the first I* autumn; An average of five hundred pounds to the acre is a good yield. Pry seasons check the growth, and wet seasons produce too many loaves and too few peds. Like the wheat crop in the old States, the cotton plant suf fers from the ravages of insects. The cotton worm and chenille, or cotton caterpillar, sometimes so injures tho crop as to produce high prices. Bat, generally, the planter’s story about the failure, and the borer’s story about thcabundance of the yield, are equally Arise. The reason Is this. Any extreme variation is caused either by too much rain or too _ much drought. Now the cotton lands are pretty equally divided between rolling, sandy ground and level, damp, black-earth soil. So that when the lowland plants grow to rank foliage and no cotton, the uplands present the planter a bountiful yield; and when drought brings failure to the latter, the former yields an ex traordinary supply. It has been decided by a convention of planters, that so long as the nearest market could afford eight cents per pound. It would pay to raise cotton; otherwise the planta tion must give way to the ’form and it Is believed that ten cents a pound on a gold basis in Liverpool would secure the American plantations: but a lower price might bring India Intoa monopoly of cotton prowing. However the best Interests of both countries will be served; for the consump tion will increase In the same ratio as the production, and the demand will regulate the price. Mr. Finnic thinks America could not be easily supplanted while it retains alt the'advantages of enterprise, industry, cli mate, soil, rivers, steamboats and railroads. On the other hand, India has “red earth” soil more abundant than the whole cotton region of the United States; and it produces a fair sample pt New Orleans cotton. In the matter of cheap labor Madras has the advan tage ; but the one great obstacle to the de velopment of the Indian cotton interest is the extreme difficulty in getting the natives to take an interest in new methods. They are frightened at tbo immense establishment at Coimbatore: and a saw gin looks to them like an Infernal machine. « .Untie, Statuary’) Picture*. To the eastern man who visits Chicago expecting to find no small degree of enter prise, a great many rats and mud paddles, and elevators and cow pens and lumber yards, it is not a little surprising that a city whose vftlagc yonth Is still with in the memory of beardless boys should hold a place in the first rank of American art. But so it is. Mr. Crosby has done mnch to forward the cultivation of the beautiful by the attractions of the Opera House, the auditorium of which has been pronounced by Murdoch, Gough and ihe Hutchinson to be of more impressive beauty than any other audience-room in their expe rlcnce. Professor McCoy ears, "Crosby's Opera House is not only a busy work-house of art, but It makes a yery respectable ap proach to a university of seycral distinct schools of art.” What with painters and picture galleries and sculptors and musicians and Philharmonic rehearsals and students of eloquence and the various jpuplls, with the fine appreciation of the opera and the drama,'we may claim for the Crosby Build ing an attractive, line-art centre not to bo met with elsewhere la the West, and rarely in the Republic. Tbe December number of Higgins’s Jfusleal Review Is full of entertaining - mat ter for 'the musicians. Among its con tents are a very thorough editorial article on Church Music; a complete digest of musical news at home, including concise criticisms of tho Grover and Philharmonic Concerts; “4 Few Notes for a.Young Pianist;” an obltnary column; a carefully prepared mu* ,61(41 summary; a choice poem andjauslcal story; and four pages of new music. We arc glad to hear of the favor with which tbe Review is received, and wc recommend it as a first class musical sheet. Quite independent of all recent Impetus, tho sculptor, of whom every Western' amateur - has some knowledge, has acquit ed a reputation which Is now be coming national. His Immortality will be ' coeval with that of Senator Doug las; and as long as the image of the “Little Giant” looks down from its pedestal npon tho University lawn, the genius of Volk will Uve in the marble of tbc Cottage Grove monament and the memory of a nation. Bat not many of our sculptor* are aware that there is another Volk, a rising star In the constellation of prairie artists. Those who have seen the recent pieces by Mr. E. G. Volk, of Quincy, brother to Mr. L. W. Volk, of Chicago, have laid ont for tho former a career not less Illustrious than that of tho latter. The Hon. Joseph Knox has kindly fur* nisbed us with photographs of three or four busts by Mr. C. G. Volk, two of which, we believe, aro not to. ferlor to tboso of tbc Palmer mar bles. They are profile and front views of Ideal “Sweet Sixteen.” One youthful devote of the god of curves and spirals, to whom wc showed these pictures, has declared his Intention to scad for duplicates from the negatives of the Quincy ■ pho tographer. “ Sweet Sixteen ” la amiabil ity wrought In marble. It is good to look npon. It rebukes tbc bad man, and makes t thc good better. Its language la love, purity, contentment; Us power la beauty; Us lesson la virtue. Among tbe pictures most worthy of notleo arc Marshall’s Lincoln and Perine’a “ Better Land.” Tbe former has all the simplicity of nature, and presents the rugged, honest face of tbc good President as it really was. Ear nest folk must not be decked with the arti ficial. Florence Nightingale or Clara Barton or Washington or Lincoln or Grant, would not beseem the costume of West-End cockneys or Bean Brummclls or Saratoga belles. Mr. Pcrine’s picture, like that of Marshall, Is a fine stipple and line engraving, done In the cvn-amore manner of the real genius. The design represents a youthful figure in drapery not Indicative of sex, firm as man, mild as woman, beautiful os Pcusc rosa or young Milton or Evangeline, cheerful as “Sweet Sixteen,” hopeful as Bunyan's pil grim, gazing onward and upward with aspir ations of lofty and noblo faith, unconscious of tbe angel’s shadowy hand that emerges from tho brightness with a crown of bay and immortelles about to be set nponClbat wavy hair and quiet brow. A light Illumines the upper heavens and gives contrast to the dark, cloudy back ground, throwing the shadow of roses upon graceful bands and reminding one of an ar tist’s view of the “beloved disciple” when he had climbed tbc mountain and saw Moses and Ellas. Tbe picture speaks Us own his tory ; and if there were but a vignette of the bead, tbc whole Idea would be present, so admirably has the artist drawn a soul re plete with faith, reaching out into the still ness of eternity. The “Better Land” was engraved by Mr. George E, Perine, of New York, from a draw ing by Miss A. R. Sawyer. It is published In Boston, but wc arc informed that the firm of J. A. Stoddard & Co., ol Chicago, arc agents for the West. THE ENGLISH PEESS. A Visit to tho London Newspaper Offices. Circulation, Profit*, and Character of The huslbli Press, [Correspoadcr.ee of the Chicago Trthone.l Loxnnjr, November 10, ISM. ♦ While In the neighborhood of the Seven Dials the other morning, 1 heard a little rag amuffin yelling out notice that be bad a few more copies of the Tima left,and the idea at once struck me that I had better pay a short vlelt to the Tbuuderer’s establishment In Printing Uonsc Square; eo I inquired my way of a policeman, and he said: “Go down Great Earl to Lons Acre; then through Great Queen and Little Queen; cross Lincoln’s Inn Fields to Chancery Lane; strike Temple B»r; takeFlcct streat ahead of you; pass under the arch ol the Dover Railway, go up Lud pate Hill, and when you gel opposite the Goose and Gridiron Tap Room, turn Into the alloy on yoor right.” I followed these di. irctions pretty closely, and, after a some* what narrow escape from being slaughtered by a ’bus driver at the Intersection of Fleet and Farrlngdon streets, discovered the alley opposite the Goose and Gridiron. Turning Into this thoroughfare, I followed Its Mod* ings until I found myself In another alley, which was more eccentric In Its habits than the other; bnt H soon landed me in a very narrow court, one end of which stopped In front of a triangular space about as J'.ngas, and a trifle or so wider at one end than, an American hall alley. A sign on a corner hcllding Informed me that 1 was In Printing House Square, and a glance over my left shoulder satisfied me that I was not ten feet from the Times ofllce. Not supposing there was any particular harm In so doing, I stepped Into the ofllce and asked a red-faced man if be would permit an American to. look through his establishment, lie looked nt roe with a frightful countenance, but as he made no replv, T concludcdhe was hard of hearing; so I repeated roy request la louder tones; and then more surprise, or fright, set tled on the man’s tacc, and he bellowed out: “ Never beard of such a thing in all my life— couldn’t think of It. Perhaps you’d like to seethe heditor?” Still supposing that he had not understood me, I mildly said that I trtmhf he pleased to see the editor in-chief cr one of bis assistants, providing they were not too busily en gaged. Another shade of surprise made its appearance, and its owner looked at mejns-t as rvc seen people look at the vindictive wild men from Borneo, in Colonel Wood's Museum. He again assured me that he “couldn’t think ol such a thing,” and gra tuitously Informed me that I might as well hope for an interview with the Queen as with the editor of the Times: “hut,” said ho, “Ifyon have any business with the edl torial department, state It In writing, and C'-ine hero In the morning for an answer.” Hl-tory and tradition record many cases o{ astonishment—such as that of the poor-house guardians, when the hoy Twist passed his soup plate the second time; IhalofLlitleDorrit, when her chlld-like father was released from the Mar shal sea; and that of President Johnson when he strnck the Northwestern “circle hnt 1 doubt If any of these case*, except, perhaps, the last, compare favorably In intensity with that of the clerk of the T\n.(s office. He certainly was the most in sufferable ass that I have seen on this side of the Atlantic. Although not permitted to go through the different buildings In which the Times is located, I think I am safe in saying that the institution is, in more senses than one, immense; and that, notwithstanding the well-deserved rep utation which the Tunes has gained forltself; of fighting, like the brntal Dalgctty, for the side that has the heaviest purse, it now and then opens its batteries in favor of humanity in general. It is apparently as necessary to the better clashes in England as beer Is to a drayman; aud John Ball'has netrly as much faith in its heavy leaders as Mr. Nasby, the postmaster at Confederate X Roads, appears to Lave in the principles of modem Democ racy. In politics the Times IcTory. and of coarse it violently opposes Mr. Bright’s great Be lorro movement. Its course In regard to the American war Is too well known in the United States to require comment. lam in formed that its circulation, morning and evening, i« about fiO.OOO, and that Us net pro fits U-t vear were not for from $£30,000. ‘ TOT TELECRfPH {e the popular paper of the city, sod also of tbe country. It is located on Fleet street, a tqnare and a half from Temple Bar. There is scarcely one ate house or gin palace In a hun dred. throughout England. that doesn’t patronize the Telegraphy and some of them take two copies. The usual rule is for a man to do as much reading as possible in ten or fifteen minutes, and then band tbo paper to the first one who spoke for it after it passed Into the reader’s possession. Occasionally some man will read aloud, and every little while his listeners will stop him, and briefly argue In their erode way about the different things spoken of in the article 'which be is reading. There are several reasons for tbe immense circulation and popularity of the TtJojrcph —one of which U Its cheapness, and another is the service it is rendering the lower classes by its sledge hammer article* in favor o( Reform. It, like the Times, is greedily purchased by news venders, from the ale bouses, at half price, on the evening of Its publication, and shipped off next morning to country towns ana cities, where, although twenty-four hours behind, U readily sells for its original price of a pennv. Its circulation ranges from 155,000 to ICO/000 dally, and Its profits last year were within a fraction of £&),000. It does not publish an evening edition. Oaring the -‘merican war It was one of the worst enemies the United -States had within the limits of the great city of London, and a ru mor Is current here among newspapermen that Its office was draped in mourning Id less than five minutes after one of Renter’s tele crams announced the capture of Richmond. From the 7«feprsp& we cross Fleet street, and on the right hand, as wo travel toward St. Paul’s we find, in the show window of an office on the comer of Fleet and a filthy alley, the familiar physiognomy of rrxen. and receive due notice, from an enormous placard la the same window that “Artemus Ward Is in London.” But when we ask for Items, the gentleman in charge of the office Infoinu us In rather a polite way, that ho has n’t any on hand. We make a more direct attcck, and ask tbe gentleman about circu lation and profits, and he answers, “Well, the circulation gets a little bigger every Issue, and the profits last Jear were cieater than we expected.” Flnd ig out that nothing can be made from Pi mh,«e rc-crossFleet street, and, passing Into a lane, see a crowd of newsboys m front of the dingy building In which TUB STANDARD is printed. It Is about time forth© appear ance of the .evening edition, and consequent ly there is no chance to chat with any one connected with the establishment; bat a newspaperman of my acquaintance In forms me that the morning and even ing editions of the Standard amonnt to about 85.000Lcop!es, and. that the profit* of the establishment last year were in the neighborhood of $121,000. The - Standard was not particularly dilatory in Its misrep resentation of the North three and lour years ago, and os It doesn’t wear spectacles, It can’t ece many things connected with the Government of tbc United States to ad mire. In the same lane; and in tho immediate vicinity of.the Standard, is the office of - - TUX HERALD, a morning paper of slight Influence. Its daily circulation is said to be about 1,000; and its profits last year arc represented bvl a well Informed party to-Lava been SIO,OOO. A few years ago the Victualler's Associa tion concluded to have a newspaper devoted exclusively to their interests; and they cer tainly hare a very able organ in THE MORNING ADVERTISER, which has a daily circulation of about 25,030. It Is reported to me os having paid all of Its bills last year, at tho rate ot twenty shil lings to the pound, and that when a clean balance sheet was struck, tbc man agers made tbc comfortable discovery that there were £12,000 “left over,”-“$60,000, The Advertiser occasionally essays jx>lllics, but Ua great forte is “ vittels.” and the chop house keepers arc ready at all times to make affidavit to the fact that “it’s the best paper In Lunnon.” The aristocracy might feci slighted If I were to give Uuir organ tho go-by, and as said organ is quite a small concern every way, 1 think it best to say something about it before tbc entite institution passes out of my memory. It is called THE MOBXIXO POST, and Is, next to the Court Journal, the paper which the cream of society refer to when there happens to be a dispute as to whether Lord Dovetail walked In his garden for half or three-quarters of an hour on the day sue-. ceedlng his return from the Continent. The Pott Is au fait on such matters, and a por tion of the cream say they prefer its flunkeylsm to that of the Court Journal. A gentleman who professes to know all about London Journalism, Informs me that the l*o*t circulates only five hundred copies daily. Its yearly income is said by the same party to be about SIO,OOO. It is not really necessary for me to say that the Post was de*’ cidcdlv in favor of the slaveholders’ rebel lion, bni a brief mention of said feet may not bo outot place. In point of circulation, TUB SDK ranks with the Herald, and in Influence Is to outrank the lost named sheet; but It makes rather a root show, if common report is to be believed. In the way of pecu niary ruccess. However, it Is reported to have more political honesty connected with Us editorial department than can bo found iu come of the larger newspaper establish ments. THE NEWS gets credit in well Informed circles for a daffy circulation of fire thousand, and for a yearly net profit of $25,000. It never pro tected to carry as much sail as some of Its con - temporaries, and as It has made a sacccssfhi voyage thus fer, tho chances ore that it will reach a safe barbpr at an early date; in feet, Us fortune may be said to be’alrendy secure, for thinking people look upon it ns certain, at no distant day, to be one of tbo leading journals of this modern Babylon, i. e., so fer us the reflection of the real bcutimunls ol the English people maybe concerned; and some arc confident that It reached that point sev eral years ago. Intelligent Americans are aware of the bold stand which it mode for the North while our civil war was going on, and they also understand the feci that many a good word is written in the chief editorial room ofthe AVjm for the Government and people ofthe United States. Thecomiuctors ot the -Yews arc not credited by their tonf rere* with a large quantity of genius, but'their writings are decidedly vigorous, and many of their arguments unanswerable. . “Last, hut not least,” amongthe dailies of London, comes what (s popularly known as “ John Bright’s paper,” THE STAR, on© of the Institutions which Bright’s followers ‘‘swear by.” Bright is said to be a large stockholder In tbc con cern, and afro a contributor to its edi torial columns. A genuine “Reformer,” such as'would be called a Radical in Wash burnc’s District, is always ready to argue or fight in support of any assertion that ap pears in the iS'for,* bat about all the reason that many of them are able to give for their belief is, “I read it in the Star, and I know it’sio.” The Star has a morning and even ing edition, and circulates about £O,OOO copies daffy. Information just received from a carrier pigeon, or from another source, enables me to say that tbo stock holders of the Star property divided among their own selves, on the llrtt of last January, a little rooic than Tho Star is uot particularly brilliant in appearance, but It’s as true to the right as its name sake of the north b to the sailor. And In Us denunciati’ n of tyranny U docs not approach the subject with boxing gloves, or gloves made from the hide of a kid. It never compliments a tvrant hv terming him “a week-minded individual/’ but it comes out squarely, and says that such and such characters. In different parts of the world, are or bare been grievous op pressors of their kind, and that thev deserve a fair trial, a speedy conviction, and an carlv death. Daring the American war the Star acted just as every man who knew Us antecedents expected it would act. From the firing of the first gun to the surrender of Lee’s army, it was the firm friend of the North, and many of Its leaders on American affairs during that period are said to hare been penned hv John Bright’s honest right hand. The weeklies of London are “too nurae roos to mention,” but a brief reference to a few ofthe prominent ones may be Interest ing to some of the Tribune's readers. One ot the oldest and best known Is tho weekly times, which has a considerable circulation In tbc United States. This paper b not, a& many suppose, a weekly rcjjrlnt oflts namesake, the Great Thunderer. It is printed lu the Strand, more than a mile from the Times office in Printing House Square, and has no more to datetfAtoo Times than theTßinrxE has with the Cairo Demo, crai. Its circulation is enormous, and Hs proprietors are said to be very wealthy. I visited the office yesterday, with a view of getting a few points; but, although I asked no direct question in regard to circulation and profits, the office clerk, John Bull, jr., son of old John, was of a reserved disposition, and when he kindly Intimated that he wasn’t raid “two pound ten ” a week to* answer foolish questions, I left the office, walked Into the Strand, passed through Tem ple Bar, and entered the office Of THE SPOUTING LIFE, one of the organs of the muscular brether hood. This paper Is published Wednesdays and Saturdays, and the two Issues amount to about 150.0T0 copies. The yearly profits are raid to be $20,000 ; but some goodjndges put them at a much higher figure* When ifee nan and King fought, a special edition ofthe Sjxirtir.ffLf/i-, amounting to 350,0 X) cop es, was printed and sold, and on Saturdav, the next regular publication day, 100,000 ad. ditbmal copies were disposed of—making 545,000 copies In one week. hell’s life is In the Strand. Its circulation Is reported to be less than that of the Sporting Life, and its Influence with shoulder-exercisers Is be lieved to be on the wane; but at all of the institutions known as fighting houses—drink ing shops kept by retired and wealthy bruis ers—it retains its old-time place; and none but men of strong nerve would, in such “ dives” as Nat Langham’s and Dirty Dick’s, say anything against it. morn's wbeklt xrwspapEß , which was built op years ago by the late Douglass Jerrold, has a weekly circulation oi about 500,000. It possesses a good deal of literary merit, but most of the work In the editorial department appears, to an out sider, to he done with several pairs of strong scissors and numerous “ turns of the wrist.’’ But thesissors arc evidently Intelligent arti cles, for their productions are flret-class. THE NEWS OP TUB WOULD is a weekly of considerable reputation and popularity. Its friends claim that it is a better paper than Lloyd's, but the generality of the middling class in London appear to be of a different opinion. It is sola to bare a very large circulation, bat nothing positive on this point seems to be known outside of the counting-room. Hiram Fuller alias Belle Brittain, formerly of the New York 3/i’rror, Is publishing thecosvoi'outilx Id the Strand. This paper Is devoted to tbe supposed interests of tbe people of tbe South, and is very popular with self-exiled rebels In London and Paris. 'Within about two squares of the Bow street Police station U the oflicc of TUB ANGLO-AUERJCAX, published by George W, Weeks & Co., for merly of New York. It pays well, Is very readable, and manv of Its editorials, al though strongly in’favor of the people and Government of the United States, are copied by tbe Liberal portion of tbe London press. E. W. 31. Prices of Bare Books* AV the sale of tbe Corner Library, by Leavitt. Strcboijrh <fc Co., of New Yorlc, last week, the following prices were paid for some of tbe rare books and pamphlets: Alexander Hamilton*s obsemuon* on cer tain documents, refers toaSaii with lira. Kejnoids. Sro $ 9.50 Tbe ColamMad; by Joel Barlow, 4to , calf, ISO 7 13,50 Scrap Eook of Southern Songs and Buret* opes, Ac 9.00 Alzaar«c,Poor Hfchart’s, Improved for rear 1743.. . 13.00 Lore's Poem on Death of Washington, irmo.isco 19.00 ensuing's Oration on Death of Washing ten, small 4 to., 1800 .T7TT. 10.00 Caldwell's Poem on Death of Washington, Pro., 1900 ... 17.00 Croc’s Di*conrse on Death of Wa-Mngton, Sro., ISO" ItOO Carroll (John. Aichbbhop of Baltimore,) on Death of Washington, Sto. ISJO 43.00. Kemo's Benson on Death of Washington, IS pages; printed at Easton, 16U0 ... ’ *2.00 Washlaffton’s Diary. Presentation Copy to Sebastian F- Streeter, from 3 . Carson Bre- ▼ourt 11.00 Trial of Zengcr. Small octavo pamphlet... 43.00 A Sew Accession to me Kingdom of Italy. A Florence letter says: “The territory jnst added to the Kingdom of Italy, and which will seed fifty-three Beprcsentalives to the National Parliament at Florence, con tains tbc following nine provinces, each bearing the came of its chief city, and ar ranged here in the order of Us respective population, according to tbc censos taken In ISC2. Udine, population 817,853; Vicenza, 827,734; Verona, 317,755; Treviso, 303,453: Padua, SC4.TS2; Venice, 231,451; Kovigo, ISO,Glo; Belluno, 1(77,229; Mantua, 154,800; total population, 2.433,475. The chief cities of Veceua are: Venice, population 128,762; Verona, 103.740; Padua. 103,-443; Tre viso, 53,861; Vicenza, 82,US; Mantua, 70,812; Udine, 57,154; BcDuno, 43.322; Rovigo, 86,010. • 6 * for xhe ladies. j xs awhucaw unr mam abroad. - i [Correspondence of the Boston Advertiser.! h came to Dresden iq-wUncos the maniac© ©fan American lady with arrived la season to be present at the festival ofthe betrothed, called the Polterahend. On entering, tea and - cake r werc banded to ns, the supper being reserved till »before the dance. Then come all aorta of Utile surprises. A curtain rises, and two ladies hj mtnner, knlulDc vigorouslv^theothwhold Inc a book. The • first Insists on prattg dOties; Implores the bride uoV toaliow.ber husband’s soup to bum; tha other Inalsta that she must read Schiilcr, etc. Various ffby* and conceits'succeed* and then comes he "supper, which we took sitting, and which opened with soap ana finished vrttn ice cream and finlls." AV this sapper little speeches were made, for the Germans ana Norwegians, unlike ourselves and the Eng lish, in their hours of happiness sing aloud. Sweet sentimcntsaud hearty, toasts passed round; the latter were responded to by all vising and striking.their glasses together. The. marriage of Miss H. Bi A—n was conducted in Lutheran style, at c!mrch,wlth life exception of a Norwegian custom, viz : In Norway the bridegroom, first, enters the church with some brother or dear friend who daces him for the ceremony; then follows he bride, with father, brother or guardlau, who places her by the side ot the bridegroom. The semi-circle of thealtar was adorned with Cowers interspersed with lighted candles. The bride and bridegroom sit during the dis course just In front of the altar; their imme diate friends have chairs placed around the stml-clrcle of the chancel. Two embroid ered cushions, gifts of friends, are placed on the first step of the altar for the bride and bridegroom to kneel upon while they arc pronounced man and wife. The priest is dressed in black gown and cap, offers a prayer, and a wofully long exhortation. The choir sing a hymn, then the bride and bridegroom exchange rings while kneeling, receive the blessing, and, rise—married.. XADANE BONAPABTB. One of the most interesting ladles and writers now in America Is Madame Jerome Bonaparte, the sister-in-law of the first Em peror Napoleon. The’Madame is now quite advanced in years, but remarkably active in body and mind. £he resides In Baltimore, at the comer of St. Paul and Lexington streets, and Is strongly attached to her home. Nevertheless, hermetnoryloves to roamover the changing scenes of the last half century In which she was not merely “ a looker-on In Venice,” but an actor. For over thirty years she resided abroad, and moved in the most eounlv, fashlouaWe, and intellectual circles of Europe. She was closely ac quainted wlthMadamc deSlad,Tom Moore. Byron, and the leading politicians and states man of that period. She waa profoundly In terested in the late war between Prussia and Austria from its incipicncr to Its close, and she predicted the results with, almost pro phetic accuracy. She knows, better than any woman living, tho motives for Louis Na poleon’s every act. Her grandson, Jerome, is still in the French army; and, as he is the Idol of her heart, she looks upon him as destined some day To Be the hope of the Empire, the pride of the crown. Madame Bonaparte Is now .engaged in writing her memoirs. Valuable as these recollections of eighty years of brilliant, active, noble woman’s life will be, we will accept them with sadress, for tbey will not be given to the world tilt her remarkable career shall have been closed In death. NEW STYLES OF BAIR DRESSING. The “Empire” style of hair dressing ia be coming quite popular, notwithstanding that no lime of year could be more uufevdrablc than this for it. It is suitable only for sum mer, but eyes became accustomed to it then, and so it continues, notwithstanding Its evi dent unsuitableurss for this season. The hair-dressere “do” it very elaborately and with an astonishing degree of intricacy, and call each style by some'special name; but tbc Empire proper is simple enough—any lady can do it herself. It constats iu parting the hair across the head at about the middle, and rolling the back into alousecoUal a rather high angle of the head—the front Is also divided crosswise into two parts, each rolled over a bandeau, of silk or velvet, which may or may not be studded with steel or jet stars. In the drawing room, on a lady dressed a la Empire —that Is, In n short-walslcd dress without a shadow of crinoline—this style looks very well—lf the lady is fine looking; but on the street,with modernappolntmcnts and a poor excuse for a chapeau, It looks anything but fit or becoming. Hair <m nnt«r«t Is frequently to be seen on the promenades, and looks fresh mu'breezy on young misses—but in bad taste on mat rons, as do all undue affectations of Juvcnil ity. Sometimes the hair Is curled ior this style, but oftcuer crimped on the Ivins* pat ent plr.«, Invented for tbcpuropse,and which we spoke of in former numbers of the-Bou doir. It is held from failing about the face by a piece of bright colored ribbon being tied mound the front of the head. This has a charming effect when the wearer Is In ele gant di'h<ib:Ut\ but is not often indulged in, as at that stage my lady has her hair in crimpers, -wliich, when made in goldor sli ver wire, look recherche , if tot dressy.—Bou doir. THE PRINCESS DXGMAR’S 4UCB DOWRY. A letter from Copenhagen, iu the Paris .Vcnifcur, ears: "The Princess Dagmar, the bride of the Grand Duke Alexander, re ceives a rich dowry, not from her father, us is usual In ordinary families, but from her husband and her father-in-law, Alexander 11. By article three of the treaty signed on tbc ftth October, tbc Grand Duke assures to bis consort: 1. A sum of 50,000 silver rou bles ns a vnorfimqnhe or wedding prosent. 2. A sum of 103,000 silver roubles given bv tbc Emperor.? The capital of the above IW.'WO silver roubles is to he invested in the Rus sian funds, ana the interest to be paid to the Princess. 3. An annual allowance of 50,000 roubles as piu money. The maintenance of the new Giand Duchess’ household will, be. sides, be supported by the Imperial treasury. Should- the Princess become a widow, her Jointure b fixed- nt 85,000 roubles a year, with a residence suitable to her rank, and her court to be continued at the charge of the Stale. Should, however, she then quit Russia, the sum would be reduced by onc-balf. TUc jointure would likewise cease #n case of a second marriage. Even in that eventuality, the princess would maintain pos session of whatever property she may have acquired personally ami independently of her husband, as well as the tnorgewj'ihc and tbc Interest of the 100,000 roubles presented bv the Emperor. Lastly, the princess can only dispose by will of the morpent/abc in theevent of there existing no children by her first husband. By a note delivered before the signing ol the contract, and which is annexed to that document, the Danish Plenipotentiary engages fri the name of his sovereign to take the necessary steps to obtain from the Parliament of Copenhagen a suta of 60,000 rix dollars (about 4s- fid. each) for the dowry and trous seau of tbc princess. That was the form adopted on the marriage of the Princess Alexandra with the Prince of Males. The subscription being raised in* Denmark to purchase a wedding present for the Princess Dagmar has already reached a sum of 88,000 francs. One-half will be devoted to the pur chase of an ebony bookcase, ornamented with silver and mother of pearl, and filled with Danish works. With tbc remainder will be executed a rich album, containing views of the most remarkable landscapes In Denmark.” SCRAPS. There arc several wajs resorted to In Ber lin hy the workers in wool for using up tUa ends. Thfi usual one is mating comforts * but the women there, working jar the mar kets of the world, have great quantities of end? left. “Scrip?” has, doubtless, but a moderate amount, and we would suggest the followin' as an admirable wav of using them; Mark ont In single lines of wool Maf tese crasscs. diamonds, jf'urdelia x and other devices. These forms only need crossing to complete the work. They may be done In self colors, or'ln colors shaded orcontrastcd, or even filled In with the ends without any re ference to the color avail. The ground Is then filled in with black or white, or dark brown, ns preferred. If done upon the “rail road” canvas no grounding will be re quired, and the work can be applied to anli-macatsars, cushions, or foot stools. The patterns and their arrangements can be varied to any extent. Another way of using them is to kuot them together promiscuous ly any length, and crochet them into strips scout six Inches, wide for a counterpane. Single Berlin wool can also be used double. Each strip Is joined together with black. They look very pretty bound at the edge with quilted merino, any color, the width of the strips. The German women use them up ’ as follows; They knot them all together, short and long, coarse and fine, fresh and faded. Wind Into a ball with cither a con tinuous black length of wool, or else wind them up double, then knit them m strips any width, from thirty to seventy stitches (garter stitch knitting,) and any length at pleasure. Sew the strips together, aud they make a good woollen rug or quilt. All the knots arc kept to one side oi the work, of course, IT you want It to look pretty, line •U with colored flannel and bind if with black braid. WHAT IT COSTS TO DAJfCE. The approximate cost only can be given, as the price of tickets differ very materially. But take a route of six balls to a season, and those of the highest—such os the Charity, the Orphans, and tbe Seventh Begiment—the cost for tickets merely may be pat down at a hundred dollars a couple. The con of dress for gentlemen would be somewhat as follows : Press costs, paste, and vest, ssj $75 Boots, beet make . u Half a dotes pair kids....; IS Half a dozes nee's ties . 5 Hack tare to attend tlx hath dnrin? the season SO Tickets, sappers, champagne, Ac.. 150 Total *2jo No lady can be expected to be satisfied with less than the following articles: One polled tarlatso dress g 23 Two onwatered moires.... 10Q Two plain silks... ICO Six pairs white satin gaiters 80 One dozen pairs kid gloves 25 Hair dressing, six times 10 Flowers tor bead dress 1U Toad. John H. Surrmi and the Conspiracy ActlDM (be GoTerumen*. (FromiLe Boston Advertiser, November 2L] A despatch by the cable Informs ns that the presence of John H. Surratt, under as assumed name. In the Papa) army. Which has been more than hinted at In several recent speeches, by Mr. Bontwell, his been deft nltely ascertained, and that a formal demand for his extradition was made a few days 050 by the American Minister; that the criminal Was arrested, bot afterwards broke from bis leaped downs precipice and escaped, ever again American hands hold control of the Hie of John H. Surat, wc trust that the case may be more skillfully man aged than at the trial of his fellow-assas sins. Be stands as the only known repre sentative of a conspiracy which, though It was formed and culminated within- the last two years, though six or seven of Us mem bers have been arraigned and convicted, though the most acate legal minds have been employed to sill it to the bottom, is today wrapped In as dense and ucfiithoma hie mystery as covers any similar plot in the dimness of the middle ages. The ex tent of the general Ignorance about It may well be ganged by the fact that of the two well known gentlemen who were pnt in charge of the case by the Government, and studied it long and closely, one still do* dares that Jefferson Davis was the chief conspirator, while the other stakes his repu tation on the shocking and Incredible accu sation that the present President of the United States waswn the plot. An the facta In -the case-arc-known to John Surratt, and to no other man who can be'named; and-wlth his person la oar posses eioti, the nation could well afford to offer him his life, hla liberty, or any other price which night be sufficient to secure ft, to obtain from his lips the information which will shed the -light of day upon the most difficult os well as the most interesting criminal mystery of our time. Hitherto the policy of those entrusted with the matter has been to disdain oil information in. eluct dafion.of tbc problem from those who aluao were 1 able to give it; and Mrs. Surratt and. -the rest lie in the endless silence of tbo crave, while our records are deftctfd by the testimony of facile perjurers like Montgom ery! and Conover. While John Surratt sur vives there Is yet a chance to repair the evil which, if be dies with hla lips sealed, may be irretrievable. lOTE TTITHODT SOSSENSE. Not a Bit like a Novel—A Capital Take off- on tlie JBodsm High l*ressare Style of Dolus It* Once upon a time there was a fair young maiden whose name was Mary, although they called her Moll for short. She wasn't a tall, dark-eyed maiden, with clear, trans parent skin, and Ups like cherries, and cheeks suffused with blushes. She didn’t have glossy black hair, sweeping down in wavy tresses from her queenly omw, and her form wasn’t a bit like Hebe’s. No, them was none of those things. On the contra.y, she was short and thin, and had red hair and freckles, and she also sported snaggl-s teeth and wore pads; but still she was a right nice girl, and there was a young man who fell in love with her, and his name was BUI, although his friends called him William when they wanted to hurt Ids feelings, llu wasn’t fine looking, and bad neither curly brown hair nor a mustache. Not much. Bill laid himself out on soap locks, and wore a gcatec that he had dyed twice - week. - ~ Now this Bill, bo was In love " ar Y» but did he go and make a.« , - n6 ' e ™‘ e 433 04 himself? Did he, I P° |plo a grova with her. and *- “ e soft moonlight, by the stream!*-* mat murmured sweetly by. and the lender zephyrs sighing through, tha ; foliage, fall down on his knees, seize her jewelled hand, and breathe his deep affec tion in tbc tender accents of fond attach ment, and swear ü by yon bright orb abova ns,-always to be thine?” Did he, I say? Yon can just bet he didn’t. You can lay out your whole revenue safely on that. William knew 100 much ahonttbe price of pants to go flopping around on the web grass with bis good clothes on; beside* ho never' cared anything about streamlets or any kind of cold water, except to mix with, hla gin. No, sir; It was exceedingly strange, hot this Infatuated William mob her at the alley gate, and he stood right np . on bis old legs and savs: “Say MoU, old gaL s’poscn we get hitched ? ” But how did Mary behave ? Did she go to dropping to sleep over on the bricks in & dead feint, or did she hide her gentle head oa his shirt bosom to conceal her blushes ? No, she didn’t, and she didn’t say “I am ever thine, my own love, dear William I” Ob, my, no. She looked right In his yellow eye*, and says, “I’m in, Billy; I’m the gal for these sort of things. Go in!” And instead of referring him to her father, she onlr said, “Won't the old roan bust right out* when ycu tell him? Ila! ha!” and she laughed. But she didn’t ask William to mollify her fond father. No, no. She very wickedly ad vised him to “ poke the old man In tho uo«o if be gave him any of his lip.” She was a funyy girl, this Mary. Now, tic old nun wasn’t wealthy, for ho sold soap-fat for a living, and so he didn’t think Bill was nosing around after hi* stamps; so, when Bill asked him. he neither ordered him fiercely away, nor did the dowy moisture gather in hU eagle eve, as he passed his hemstitched up there and said, f, Bles3 yon, my children, bless you!” Ob, no, noth ing of the sort. He just blow his old red nose on his bandana and told BUI to takeher along, for he was glad to get lid of Jicr, he was. and William would be the saiflb way mighty soon, for she was awful rough on victuals, and always broke plates wbcu sha got road. So. yon see, there really was no necessity for William to come at midnight’s solemn hour, In a cab, and throw a rope-ladder up to her window, and whistle three times on his fingers, then go up band-ovcr-haml, ani bring her down in one hand and her trunk In the other, and a band-box and an um brella under each arm, and a whole lot of bundles, and then get In tho cab and fly to some distant shore. That’s the way it would have been in a novel; but Bill said ho wasn’t on that lav, so he Just went out ia the yard, and out of pure joy, he skinned tho cat three or four times on* the grsre-viuo arbor, and then went and got his butcher cart, aud drove Mary right down to the Mag istrate, to get the job douc for a* quarter— for he said he was some on the low price, he was. But the very queerest thing of all was, that Bill had no tall, dark, ruffianly rival, with a scowling visago and black whfrkcrs, who flew at him with a drawn dagger and a horse-pistol in each hand, and a muttered curse upon his lips, and cried wildly for *’Revenue. Ha! ha!” and said, “’Sdcath”’ and “ Villain, thou Best!” Not any. Thera was another lellow in love with Molllc. to bo sure, but he was a weak-eyed young man, who had sandy hair and wore spectacles and, a choker collar, and always looked geared when yon hollered at him. So when be saw that BUI had the best of the girl’s affec tions, he looked all serene,and said ‘‘Go if. Billy. If you banker for her;” and a* Billy was a trifle on tbc hanker, he sailed right in. So William, you see, had no trouble at all —yon could’t get up an agonizing novel about him If you tried. He didn’t hare any urgent business that culled him to a forvbni land, and so he had to bid her good-bye, ami swear always to be.true, and then go away and forget her, and full In love with a dark eyed Italian girl, picking grapes In a vine yard, with a square towel folded on her head, wiille his forgotten and forsaken Mary giadnally (Sided and pined away, and baffled the physician's skill, and grew paler, and at last, when the June roses were In bloom, ly ing gently down to die, while through the open window floated in the bahny odor of jessamine and honeysuckle. Ami *' mam didn’t come home at last, and filled with deathless remorse, go daily to tbo sweet cemetery and strew flowers on her . grave, and leach his children to list her , name. Not at all. That is the way Mrs. E. . D. E. N. Somhwoith would have done it, t but the wasn’t around. Billy was a butcher who wore a white shirt and a shiny lut, and f be stayed at home and killed beef, and sold It at a big price, and he stuck to Maty, and she kept healthy, and wasn’t much on tdo Pine, or the fade ’while if any fellows got to ( lurking around, William went right out and tatted them in the eye. He did. 1 jj'f n ,? *,bco, at last, when all was over, Mary 1 iD jbc room while they dressed her ' “VS*®* orange blossoms in her thc /L gently down stairs «i ! HfJif bride.«maids at her heels, and stand tip with her M Illiam, and weep gently while ’ ♦S e « WM *W* 7 arried by the minuter, ami : lots of presents, and then go to her i borne, and live through all the happy yeara with Bill, and never know sorrow or any more. • Why, of course, aho “t» tor it waan t her style, you sec. She Just rushed np stairs and put on her pink innslin and her old stm-bonnet, aad had nary bridesmaid, and went to the marig • trate * and never wept a particle, and cot no but fifteen cents from thaoldmaa to j ay her car fare home, and when she got to the magistrates she just rose up off the bench and told Bill she didn’t see ranch ns2 in splicing, and that she didn’t like him any bow; and so she went home, and Bill he p A lh , b* r . and told her he wasn’t sorry as he didn t want her, and be guessed she xrai hard on her clothes; any how, and4o they never got married, and the whole thin* tuiped out wrong: but I couldn’t help it for L au, n V* £ utf acte on record that ain’t so. But it ain t a bit like any novel that r ever read, so there must have been something strange about this fellow and Mollie that? ° Q *’ b 0 have td let It A HAS BAT KILLER. Uratal Scene ton: “The Pancr» % a Uii- CJlyorXteuOwrlj Love, [Corresroa/lenceof the Xctt York Uerald.l Fun.tnrtPati, November 21, is&i. Some time siacc we were Induced to rL.il a rot match In tlie northern portion of Phila delphia, and under the guidance of a “kno*- ipg one, prominent in sporting circles, f«jund ourselves In front of an ordinary iooki Inc | tavern, a three story brick house, with & tali sign post. The proprietor produced two or three pet puppies for our admiration, dilated on the superiority of bis docs, ami then led ns down stairs actio to the rat pit. which was in the cellar, probably for security '™'P J*o aU ," cks ° f lhe pl'ee- It was I dark, dirty place; rough plank scats rose la tiers from the pit In the centre to the mouldy, snail tracked walls, with here and there a gas light sticking ont In a vain at tempt to caljvcn tho' dreary den. The rat pit itself was circular, about six feet In di ameter, with a fence round It to keen tbs rats from jumping ont. The bottom* was covered with sawdust. The seats were soon filled, and then a ball-headed little man. dressed m fighting trim, shorts and tights, jumped into the ting and informed us that be was disappointed in the nomarrlval of » celebrated dog be expected from New York hut m order that we might not lose our sport, the rats should he put Into the rim? and be would either match n doz of his own against them, or kill th eni hlmsen; just as we pleased. The ma jor! y of the crowd seemed delight*** at tile, and howled out a request Vhtl hewoeld: Ml them himself* A bo? the? brought In a larce hag, and, holdin° Jt “S ‘2' c °7 , f, t, ’,T ptl^d «"> ««« Ws Slip mS .trhMhji p2l? the p !l ! pfettf rnneh in ths £r ofes *°r -Anderson shakes ont his animals ran round ’“5, / or & few seconds, trying to jnmp , or find wme other mode of t Ut k, lUng in the ? collected 2 Aelr little eyea The ratcatcher then the pit and knelt an one knee I? middle of It. A confederate stood oat hpl^c?^op"walchjaud all at once gave the signal to begin. Then came a bor- E Pf c V l t cle : Qoi« as lightning the man plunged his hand Into tße of rata seized one by the back and carried it to m c i n B< l Qeak and a cnmcS and the lifeless carcass waa tossed aside with a broken neck. As soon aa the rata found what was going on and there was no escape lor them, they the man, climbingup on hS thiihs/bat h« was too quick Xo let them gltWiie?. S I kept both hands busy and looked aa lf ho was a magician, pulling a constant stream of dead rats from his month. Before as long oa it has taken to tell it, the bottom of the rife was covered with dead bodies. One or two terrified survivors were caught end killed and then, amid acclamations of delight from the audience, the man jumped up, felt his lip. which bad been bitten once or twice pulled the rat hairs from between his teeth! and wazhed away the taste'with a glass of liquor. Each a description needs no farther comment. — Boudoir. " The cholera is raging in the Virginia oil regions.