Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 4, 1866, Page 1

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 4, 1866 Page 1
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djicagfl t&ribtmc. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4, ISM. THE MESSAGE, We present our readers this morning with the annual Message of the President. It is the duty of every citizen to read it. The Message, while It betrays the obstinacy of the President In his adherence to his own now utterly exploded policy, also betrays that eren that obstinacy feels rebuked by the voice of public opinion. The Message, •coming froth Andrew Johnson, is a very mild offair. The reader of his messages and speeches since the 22d of February last, will look in rain in this Message to find any of that virulent abuse of Congress for which the President has become ; notorious. The message is addressed to his fellow-citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled, aud not a body claiming tr be a Congress—but in fact a mere part of. a Congress—“hanging on the verge of the Government.” He speaks respectfully of hat branch of the Government charged by .lu Constitution with the power and duty of mpeaching him and of dismissing him from •fliee. Not that he entertains any respect i»r Congress; but like all bullies aud owards, he takes off his hat to the ren who have it In their power to punish him. Eight months ago he threaten* cl to hang Thad. Stevens. Yesterday he ad d-essed Thad. Stevens as his fellow citizen o' the House of Representatives! Three larutbs ago he told the people of Pittsburgh Hat be could not see wherein would bo the wrong of his placing a guard at the doors of tie Senate and House to compel them to ad* m.t the Representatives of the rebel States. Yesterday he mentioned nothing of the £rmxd ; he mentioned nothing of any other Congress embracing his rebel friends, but re pealed his piteous appeal to the “Rump” to open their doors to his rebel friends. It has been but a few months ago since he told tkc people that he had estimated the cost, and was satisfied ihst he could pro claim himself Dictator with the utmost case, qnistcrdny he was silent upon the Dictator* and he had no official knowledge that was any Congress in the United States the,* the Radical one to which be communi* his message. Last September he told are people of Ohio that If they re-elected a rfron-ai Congress, the election would in an internecine war, in 4-dcrn he at the head of the - and their friends would make war the friends of Congress. Iq bis tges- yesterday be bad nothing to say about Ibis internecine-war. Hu did not tell bow it was progressing, nor where it was raging. He did not tell bow many troops tbc rebels could call to the field, but tic did giro a full history of the Union army, and asked for money to maintain it. The truth is that the’ elections last fall were so helming, the pop ular verdict : o unmistakable, and the coudcaii:atl»u ol the Executive to universal, that even Andrew Johnson quailed before it. To feel and understand the full lorce of these elections, let tbc n-ader contrast Johnson’s message as It is, with what it would likely have been, had he elected a sufficient number of Copperheads lo have voutrolleu Congress. ‘While there is 210 evidence that he has the slightest regard fur the wishes of the people, ’or any purpose to carry out their expressed will any further than he can help, there is evidence of that Fubmis-ion which the culprit exhibits in the presence of the olficers of justice. It is the submission of fear—the siience which sjeks to avoid sudden vengeance; the submission •which is rendered to save life, but which ft tugs from cowardice, and not from auy X nor.iblf principle. We refer our readers to the Message itself S'"r the detail*? of the information wiiich the Trcsidcut communicates to Congress upon Rational allairs, foreign and domestic, finan cial, commercial, military and naval. The document U not 100 lung to prevent its pe rusal by every citizen having an interest in the affairs ot hi- country. A GOOD BEGINNING. The House of Representative? yesterday, T-y a vote of 111 to 21*, voted to repeal iho pet of iMi-, by which the President was au thorized to grant amnesty and pardon for TK’lltical offences. This action has bc-cu ren dered necessary by the President’s gross iiuuse of the pardoning power. If Congress docs uol take off the Hon's 3iide at onee, let it at least pull out hia teeth uud out his claws, and this without unnecessary delay. • TUE TELEGRAPH 131BR0GL10. The World Withdrawn trom the New York Association—The \\ ires Cut. New Vcibk, December 3.—The Wjrl<! of this, Jlc-nday morning, publishes lh>; following: " the Mor/d, which iiamember oltlm Aesocia led Press, has been informed by tin* EsermAc Committee ol that organization that (tie accept ance os use of news from other somcei will be considered as a withdrawal from the Association, and has also been mfotnicd by lt> Secretary that t-nch publication will be the penalty jug an immediate assent (o this rule. Jt if a question in which the public ha* a voice, whether the As-«Kriau‘il Pivss has a ripbt to make and enforce aucli a rule and penalty. lu our opinion it ■has no right not derived from Its articles ol asso ciation, and those articles justify no such rale and 3'CLdiy But the Ho. .'J Is a newspaper. its Dari cc:f to to ob*ain news from every quarter of the hubitabie globe, and to publish the same at the railiost po-rihlc moment. It cannot consent to Ik- hampered by ibe inferior enterprise of rival l. It cannot consent to be bound by obligations imposed by rival ncwgpapett In their run ii.ui- sli*. and to which its own assent tuts ?.-v« r given; least of all cm it cons.ntto lay bclute Us readers only meagre, wortales* ceopa tbt-.* from half a dozen cities, when news cf importance teems forth everv dav and hour in el! parts of the New and Old tA’oild, which by vuuupri-caua xeout-y u can gather and paolUn fm ti c benefit of Atucncan people. In the judg ment efthe World not to publish all the news vLeu it is new is to cease to be a live newspaper. The 80/ftf must publish all the news, and will whether its rivals do or nut. They Lave concluded to commit tlietr host cess to techie incompetent hands. They have also concluded to attempt to fetter the enterprise of th-t (TW/d. and of the Journals throughout the country, and abridge it to the pattern of that feebleness and In compc ency. Their own business th-y may man age as they picas'*. They World is a newspaper, m. contain every dav ah the news. This morning, therefore, we lay before our readers rpecial news despatches, which will be found in no otter New York journal, and we shall con tinue* to do so, ” llarmtottE, December C The wires of ILt Instuabd Line- were rut this tore* i.ood by some unprincipled scoundrel, just o the aLiumnctmtn' was about to ho tent to the press of the cuuu'ry by the agent of the United Stales and European New* Associ ation that ibe President** Message was being lead. ihe work was undoubtedly couotoy some person tu the interest of the New York city A«so ciated Press In tbe belief that they could thus pre vent ibe new organtzarioti from beating the mon opoly. Their tuoris, bouever, were futile, as ibe whole press of the country were fully nuticcl In teuton lor publication ahead of the monopolist ring. A meeting of the N»*w York State PrcFS'Asso cUtini. will be held here to-morrow, to formally ratify u»e action of its Executive Comtmuce, in seceding from the New Voik Associated Press intiDopoiy. Publishers of ail the leading papers in the west of the State are already here, mani feeing considerable Interest in (he assured result ol the conference to-morrow. A biller f<*cllng cxiris In-regard to tbe arrogant assumptions* of th«> superannuated New York concern, and there is butene opinion as to tbe advi-ahllitv of im proving the present opportunity, by loaning tac strongest hind o' coalit'un with the United States nod European Telegraphic News Association. ItALTiVunc, December 3 —The trouble to-day to the Insulated Telegraph Campany’a line, be tween here and Washington, which happened Just at tbe time the Wn-hlng’on agent of the United Slates and European News Association, was about to communicate to the agents of tbe Ass•« throughout the county the fact of the reading of the message of the President to Con gress, was caused by a tree being cut, so •Cf at it would fall upon the wires. This occurred, aboct fifteen miles from Baltimore, and the wires' became -o twisted that communication over them was impossible b'lwccu the several agencies ot tbe Association and the Washington bureau. Great labor was required to straighten the wire*, Put tbe employes ol the insulated lines iu Bdtintorc. under direction of Manager Shinier, wore equal to the emergency. He despatched some ol Its agents to survey the Due, and by 5 o'clock this afternoon communica tion had bees return* d. Tnc line, from the stand it has taken agarest the New York monopoly, has been subjected to several outrages recently. On Thursday last one of tbe wires crossing Long Bridge, at the sotrhwcslcrn end of the City of Washington, was cut. and an entire spin (about one hundred feet) of wire taken away. This break was promptly repaired; but on the next day -all four wires were twisted together early in the morning, at the same bridge. Afier b“lngdiscon nected tbev were again tampered wirn oo tbe simo evening. Some malicious scoundrel is most cer tainly the author of these dastardly raids on thU company's pjoperty, and pfiorts will be made to disco tr and punish the perpetrators. These acts onlv served to interrupt communication South from this point hut for a short lime. Uawbisce, Mass., December 3.— Mr. Melvin, the Democratic cat didate for Mayor, was elected bv a majority of 1?J votes owr U A. Bi«hop, Re publican. Tne Republicans ritavo a majority in both branches of tne City tToaodl. Governor Hamilton on Impartial SaUrage* BonuK, December 8 —Governor Hamilton, of Texas, addressed tbe Impartial SinTrtge Club this evening on impartial suffrage and reconstruction. Navy Yard Hold* CnAELorrt, N. C., December S-—Malor .7. P. Johnson, United Btaies*U«artcrmaslct, coll tbe so-crlled rebel navy yard, at this place, to-day, al public auction, for the earn of SI,UIX). Halted Mate* Sieoator from Florida, Peksacola, Fla., Dectanbetfl.—Hon. VTm. Mar vin has been re-elected Umted Stales benator. He win, however, remain at borne until (be mem bers from Southern States are admitted to Con gress. 'Eastern lloulctpal Election. Knw BtbtxjOD, Maes., Ifeccmbcr ■<.—At the elec tion In tLle city to-day, the Hon. John Perry was rc-clcctcd Mayor. T:ie vote was neariv cua'iir tnons. The Aldermen and all but two of tbe Common Council were elected on the Citizen*' ticket. Fall Rtvxn, Voss., December ffi—The Republi can nominee for Mayor, O. O. Fairbanks, was elected b* a majority of 463 votes over Robert Adam, tbe opposition candidate. M UVNcnrLD, Mass., December 3.—At the mu nicipal vb-ctlon in this aiv to-day, A. D. Briggs was reflected Mayor over Willis Pblllios by a malorlty in * total vote of 1,737. gTACKTOi, Mass., Dicember 3.—At the munid nal ek-cticn to-day E. H. Bennett was ro-clect*:d Republican ward and city officers _ Raltiraore Items- Mr. Jo*. S. Dau'-ber, Master of the Grand lx>dge of or O- P-, Most WortSy *he Grand Hncampmcni ortho He was au old and jt^inthL'^^- Cl^ac occur- FROM WASHINGTON The President’s Annual Message and Accompanying Reports. Grand Welcome to the Republi- can Congressmen. Speeches by Hon, Schuyler Oolfax, Judge Carter, Gen. Wal bridge, and Others. Capture of John H. Surratt in Egypt. Bill Passed Curtailing the Pres ident’s Pardoning Power. Introduction of a Bill for the Meet ing of Congress March 4th. Bill Introduced fertile Weekly Sale of Government Cold. FROM EUROPE. Yesterday’s Despatches by the Atlantic Cable. imposing Reform Gathering in London. Further from tho Fenian Troubles in Ireland. FROM WASHISGXOX. Tin: GRASS HASS WELCOaE TO CONGRESS. Wasuington, December a.—lh>- made welcome tc Republican members of Congress came off here this morning, and was a verv flue affair. ihe procession was formed opposite the City Hall. and commenced moving at noon, beaded by a squad of mounted police, who were preceded by Marshal Gerhard and bis aids, Colouel lianue man, white, on Ihe left, and Mr. Wilkinson. col ored. on the right. The Soldiers and bailors Un ion, of Washington, fo'iowcd, carrying a banner with the inscription, ** In God we trust, 11 and the American flag. An omnibus with the wounded soldiers and sailors accompanied this body. The colored braes hand followed next, preceding the ItvpnhUcau Association of the District of Colum bia, composed of about one hundred citizens, car rying two large American Flags; another color ed brass hand preceding a company of colored Zouaves. These were followed by colored soldiers In black dress, carrying tlag« and banner-* with inscriptions upon them of the prominent battles of the rebellion, m which the colored soldiers par ticipated. The remainder of the procession was composed of colored people, with several brass hands. Abont ninety police ou foot ilaukcd either aide ol the procession. The procession was about a quarter of a mile long. Wocn the procession was approaching the President's bouse, hundreds of colored people llockrd there to hear what the President would r ay, but he did not appear oo the poi Uco. tuy, oiu ue uiu run appear uu uie poiuco. JOfir CARTER’S ADDRESS, The following is Judge Carter’s address of welcome: Gentlemen,— lt Is made my pleasure and duty, bv the loyul cili/.tn? ofthe District of Columbia, unaer their various organizations, to tender a welcome to the Union members ol the Tairty mnth Congress, in tiicir name 1 now welcome you, one and all, lo their hospitality. The wel come is given as an expression of respect for yoor wisdom and patriotism as national law-makere, as well ns municipal logL-latora of this district. Yielding all honor to the cation's defenders in the field, and without refierttng upon the other branches of the Government or the integrity of the distin guished tunclionarh-s who occupy the seals ol executive and judicial power, and "w hir no dispo sition to datterr. we may be permitted lo say that .a nation saved Wars testimony that we tender no 'mistaken regard. A nation saved from lire eon spiracles of European Powers; saved from tire turricrdal effortsof domestic toes: saved from arkruptcy; saved from slavery; a nation sav- d not in its sms hut from its sins; :t tmtiou saved in all its lii-criies at home, to be aad comluuQ ihc propltei of Liberty tor the world, and toat na tion trunslerred in tire catalogue of nations, by the very process of its trials, from an oxperimcniaUo a pemanent and paramount power. These re sults, made painfully clear by Ihc national trials, tiesh In the memory ol all, through which the Kepublic passed, and Is passing, to car* triumph, together with your unintimiaated fidelity to principle and Homan Grumtsslo ilsdeteucu* command the power of our own political and pci serial regard. Much has been done: much remains to be done. It has been not icapny e-ud that this is a Government cf the people by the people and for the people—that people have spoken at the baled box in out theory ol Government, the source c-f power. In their elec toral judgment they have demanded that tae ways of too nation shall he readju.-ted In such wise as to secure personal liberty to ail without regard to color or cot dlrion. in the light of the deliberate and emphatic verdict of tbc people. made Inevit able by the memories of sacrifice and blood, you a»o admonished to guarantee by law that the great national trust stull be administered in ihc spirit of universal liberty. It is not oar province or purpose to suggest what taws should be made. Ihe significance of our tender ol hospitality is an cxprciriou ortho im plicit ronflitcncc that whatever U needed to b; enacted Into law within the Constitution, will be accomplished through jour legislativeddlhcra lions, and ;hc nation, bom again, will go on in its high career of political and material prosper ily. m. COLFAX'S F.ITLT. FniOW-CmxtKs: Only four mouths have passed away since tbe first sesaio i if the Con gress closed, and the members whom yon now greet with such earnest aud generous wel come, returned home to give an ac count of their stewardship to (bo people, and to discuss before that tribunal Turn which there is no appeal, the greatest Issues ever I dcciacd on the battle-field to which treason In- I vltod the nation. Our heroic defenders amidst st>ot aud shell and flame, on sea as well a? on shore, had triumphantly decided that our starry , gemmed banner should never become the wind- i mg sheet of the world's best hopcs.but after t tpir conflicts and their sacrifices ft remained tor tbe people at tbe ballot-box, and the people's Representatives and Senators in these halls of legli-lation to guard the Republic, efcctnally against another rebellion, drenching the laud In blood, ana after this terrible con tori to iecon>trnct on such an enduring corner stone that * porieritv should realize to the latest salable of re valued time, that our fctHcn heroes bad not died in vain. Lutfuur months ago welefttho capital, and yet how crowded with events. The bloody,wicked mas- 1 ►acre* at New Orleans, the very week after our ad iourrmeni.aiid the extraordinary speech of tbe jTofcidentatM. Lonls. palliating the guilt of the j tmirelorere, and charging the grave responsibility j on tin- Congress of the United Male-; the two great , Philadelphia Conventions, one memorable for the ; Dank acknowledgment Hut those who denounced | Congress, were* really arm In atm with the men , who, trampling on broken oaths, bad sought to j d* stroy the Nation's life, and tbe other honored 1 the presence of tbcfaiihml loyalists, who, when the storm of treason swept over them, rufus'-d to i bow the knee to Baalatn; the expulsion from office of thousands of men, trusted and coramls- { slotted by our martyred President, worth mare I than any equal number of men. The Prc.-ldont j was indebted lor the power it wielded, j tlcir etime being inflexible fidelity to the , principles professed by tbe successful , candidate for Vice-President in the cauvm* of • ISM. The hundreds of •iK-cchos-of this rTesMeu- j tial tom t'ruughout the land, and tbeir rcpubll- ! cation In millions of copies ol our prominent • press, bringing the ia-nea to tbe hearthstone of every voter; the magnificent response of ihe peo ple from ocean to ocean, condemning the policy of which they had beard so much, and attesting tbeir neshauen faith in Congress, which bad a cod so faithfully, so fearlessly and so immova bly lu the pathway of duty and right; how rapid ly have we been making history in the past lew months. Thank God, In this land the people are the only rulers. Every two years they resume tbeir sov ereignty, ora by their ballot (bey make and un make Congress, ana they approve or condemn administrations. They command, and Congress and tbe President must obey. We return, then, to these balls, to carry out and enforce the de cision ot the rulers of the nation, the p'-oo'e. No tnaucan misunderstand tbeir will. Four points have been settled by them beyono controversy. Ist. That tne workjof reconstruct! m must dc Id the bands of those who bare been tbeir friends, not tbe enemies of the nation, fid. That it must be based on the granite of toy ally, and not the quicksands of disloyalty, aud that with the privileges and imuanitv of the liberty granted bv the whole cation to all people. ;td. 3bat no pcr*ons shall be frauchlecd m tbe Republic on account of tbeir race, aud yet have tla-ir rttmbcrs coonied to increase political power iu those dUfranchbing them. 4tb. That the National debt, the cost of our Na tional existence, shall be torever *acred, and that all debts or claims growing out of rebellion or breakiogof letters tbat ended it, shall be forever held unit and void, atd the people also declared as their desire and will that Congress should en force this decision of tholrs by appropriate legis , laCion. Free as these few but vital points were from every consideration of revenge or mallet, looking only as they did to public Justice and the public solely, and even more generous than just. It was certainly tohavebevncxpeced that If there was in the region of tbosc who hid-warred on the country so bitterly any love fur the Union, any sorrow for their crimes, these essential conditions would have been assented to promptly, or If not promptly a? coop as the elections had mauifesiod me nation's will: bnt on the contrary tney are spurned and scornfully neglected oy tho-o who control public opinions ana wield public opinion iu tbc Sonth. and the recent election of tbemo«t conspicuous secessionists In North Carolina, Ala bama, Arkansas, Ac., with the hos tile messages of their Governors and defiant replies rciecriuglh** Constitutional Amend ment they show that they insist on representation in Congress and the Electoral Colbros for all the four millions of their former slaves, thus according the enlarged and Increased law, making power in I ' consequence ul the rebellion, while at the same i time thcFDOt only dlsfrauehbcd them, but refuse them tbc lights and protection of dtir. nshlp by dlsgraceiul and oppressive laws, pretending to regulate labor comrade, and to punish ra- S-aicy, tedudng • those whom the na on made freemen to a snbserveney and surf doui bnt UUlc if any belter than slavery itself Wi-iie wc cannot compel them to approve I |i, e coDstllutional Amendment, our duty t*» the 1 nation, oir justice to liberty and humanity, 1s ! none the Jess the exponents of the people's will. I Wo cannot avoid thaldn’y. Indeed in line may sec the finger of Providence. Like onr fore fathers in the past few years we have bullied , better than we knew. In the first stages of the I war how willingly would an overwhelming ma ! jorlty of Uic people have voted to perpetuate ! slavery In the Republic If bomhern traitors had taken from our lips the bloody cbaltce of civil war, which they compelled us to drain to its very drees; but God willed otherwise.and at last, when every family altar bad been crimsoned with blood, aud every cemetery aud churchyatd crowd ed with craves, tbc nation rore In higher duly and rrsolvt-d In these halls that slavery should die. Then the storm cloud of war passed away; God's VOL. XX. smile shone on our banners; victory after victory Messed our gallant armies, and the crownicy tri umph was woo that gave salvation tJ the Luton and freedom to slaves.. Since then wc have been earnestly struggling for reconstruction oil t-ome enduring and loyal foundation- Stumb ling Mocks Late Impeded our progress, and when at last a mild and magnanimous proposi tion is made, embodying no coruscation, no ban ishment, no penalties of offended laws, we arc baffled by a hardening of heart against ft as in explicable as Htectmu irremovable. Does itnot seem as if again the Creator is leading os : n Ills way rather than our own, and as we turn for light does it not flash upon us that He again requires (he nation to conquer Its prejudices; that lie. to fir above us, has put all human beings under an equality before the divine law, and called them his children? He demands that wc shall nut all on an equality before the hit nun law, so that every one in the regions poi soned by the Influence of slavery and principles of treason shall be clothed with alt the rights necessary for the fullest aud surest protection ocain«t tyranny, . outrage and wrong, and cot left at the mercy of those who so lone exhibited no mercy to the Gov ernment Ihev sought to destroy. 'Jhe question naturally arises, bow can this b done ? Surrounded by thcfablett jurists and patriots, statesmen retaining here as they do, crowned with sn unparalleled endorsement. It might not be fitting to anticipate Ibelr area mi nib on these vital themes, on the session just opening, but when the Constitution declares In It« opening section that all legislative powers herein granted shall bo vested in a Con gress ol the Urltod States, when It solemnly en joins that the United States shall guarantee to every State in ih-i Union a .repub lean form of Government, and when it gives to Congress tuU authoritvto make all laws which shall be neces sary therefore for carrying Into execution all pow er? vested by thts Constitution in the Government of the United Spates or in any department or offi cer thereof, the doty and its exercise both seem to have been specifically anticipated by the framers of our supreme law. Since President Johnson declared. In 3lay, 1 8G5, that the rebellion bad destroyed all the civil government In the re bellious Sta'cs, Congress has not recognized any of the governments established under the authori ty of military law, except the rebel disfranchising government ot ihc State of Tennessee. It has yet to settle the question, under the oaths of Its members, to support and-deend the Constitu tion, whether those provincial and unrecognized governments, in which those who have een the bitterest enemies of the republic are dominant in tho ex ecutive legislature and judicial departments, where to have been a soldier of the Union, cither living or dead, is a reproach; where devotion to the lost cause of treason, openly avowed, is (ho giuuanUe of popular favor; where the colors and heroes of the rebellion arc enthusiastically hailed, and where citizenship is refused to the only people in their midst, who as a class have been been loyal, arc or aro not republican forma of government, which it Is the duty of the United States to guarantee and protect 1 caring this and kindred qiu-stioi'fl to those who will so apllv discuss them, can we not n'l here say, as loyal mid patriotic and Justice loving citizens, as for us and our children, the vow which we have given to justice and hu manity Is registered In heaven. No black lu-ve m our borders; bopltateson our strand; notral toi> In our Congress; no slave upon our land. Washington, Decembers.— lhe very few ladles present at Ice baoqnct given to (he Republican members of Congress to-ntght 1? explained by the the 'act that no Washington ladiesalteud-d. Ou'y vapors from distant Stales were expected to he present, and there arc now but few ladies com puiutivelT visiting the capital. Ihe largo ball known os tho Fair Hall, at the corner of Pennsylvania avctiuo and Seventh street, was crowded at the banquet which closed the welcome to longrePß. The meeting was called lo order by It. J. IliLtou, Esq., who announced that General Walibrldge would prt-blc, and that the supper wmud be n«.st ir. order. General Walllrrldgc, after the supper was comdndod, spoke as follows: Senators am> M Enncit* op the Tjurty-nintu Concuss*: On behalf of the soldiers and sailors ol (bis District, 1 tender to you a warm and cordial welcome. I recognize in you that element that has appealed to the American people, and bus been tmimpbanllv sus taintd. [Cheers.'] "ihe loyal masses who have carried the country through the perils of the war have distinguished their ability lo preserve the nation. After the conclusion of Mr. Colfax's speech, and alter repeated calls foi Scna'or Yates. of Illinois, that gentleman came forward and addressed the uspcmblage at considerable length. TIIE I’HCMDQVrV PARDONING POWER CURTAILED. Washington. December S —The Hon«o has jnet repealed the thirtieth t-ecUon of tire amnesty act, Hti'horlziug rl-e Pre«ident to graft pardon-*, by a vote of 111 to 2!'. Till** volo Is a ftlr indication of the tone and strength of parties in the present Congreve. IMPORTANT BILLS INTRODUCED. A I*ill has ht-en introduced by Mr. BnutweU directing the hale of ?2.uOi',i!JHl in gold every Monday, and another by Mr. Pchcnch. of Ohio, pmvKln-g for the meeting of Congress on lbs Ita of March next. Doth will pass bylaree major ities. A bill hag jn«t hern introduced in the House taking Jfrmn the President a’.l appoint ments of revenue officers, and giving tne appointment lo Chief justice Chase. viiivi iiuiiiiv «. hum:. TUE CAPTURE OT JOHN 11. SURRATT. Tim Washington special of the New York Timts sajs oftht* arrest of John H. Surratt: II ap pears. us we leant from uilldal source?, that Fur rait was arrested In Italy, ns heretofore reported, whilst serving i;i Uie Papal Zouaves, and after wards escaped. The Pope promptly gave the nc ccrssiy older for bis nm-it upon tbc request of our Minister, Mr. King, notwithstanding there «u# no treaty between Du-United State# and the Papal G. veinumnt blading the latter lo grant the request of Mr. King. Surratt was traced alter hid escape *o Fg»pt, and arrested as stated. As in cl ibntal to Urn above, it may be staled that Mr. Ib iitwotl. in the Courtetslonil caucus ou Salur day evening. made Iho statement that the Govern ment bad l.tiownufihe whereabouts ofSarratt for six months. rUOC'EEHIXGS or COSGKESS.^ Washington, Dec. 8. SENATE. *HcVICE-PnEißDENTpresented a communi cation from the Governor of Vermont certifying that Mr. Poland bud been duly elected Seualar from that Stale for six years. Mr. FESSENDEN nr.-'-cnlcd a commnlcallon from the Governor of New Jersey aucococing the clcc'iou u; Alcxanpcr Cottrill a* United S:arcs Senator trom tbat Slate, also that T. P. End been appoinied nro tem lu nc'fftl S-nator Ip place of Mj. Wright, deceased. A commuo-caiion was ali*o received trom the Governor of Vermont, announcing that Mr. Kd luttmis had been elected to fill the place of ilr. IM.iro. Mr. GROGAN presented a ccill,lrate from the Govt ntor of New Hampshire that Mr. Fogg bad be» n elected Senator from that State. The President of the then administered the oatb of office to the above named Senators. On motion, a committee was appointed to in form the House that tbe Senate was organized. Mr. SUMNEK moved to proceed with the bill f»» regulate Ihr franchise of the District of Colum bia. It had been introduced the first dav of tbe lari sesrien nnd extensively discussed.'ll had been ieiem*dtnacnuiinll?f«‘,hownv o f, nnd bad not been acted npon. 11c hoped It would be acted on Mr. McDuUGAT.Ii ohjcctvd tu it as oat uf order. The President of the Senate so decided. A message was received from the House of Re presentatives, announcing ihartt had organized, and tbat a committee of three bad been appoint ed to net with n -Initlar committee of the Senate to notilv the PrescdeM that they wete organized and ready t« proceed to business. On motion of Mr. TRUMBULL tbe Senate then took a recess til! hrlf-past one o'clock. On tcsssembling. Mr. ANTHONY moved ihat theme-sage of the President and accompanying he printed, ai.d that WiJiOd extra copies be printed for the use of the Senate, which was egied to. un motion the Senate adjourned. HOUSE. J Tbe House wet at twelve eVock, noon. , Speaker t OT FAX railed the House to order. r Rev. Dr. BOVNToN. th.* Chapiato, then made ; a btiel prayer, in which he Invoked tne Divine bJe-slng upon Congress, npon all it* proceedings f and upon all the high officer* of the Government, t t« e President Included. He also prayed th t God c would so direct all who have any influence over v the dettliitc* of the country, in tbat harmony be- c (ween all depmtmonts ol tne national Govern nifi.l—sui b harmony a* comes by the yielding of 1 ttmsc who ure tu the wrong.] f The nietnlHjrs of the Tennessee delegation who t had not been admitted before were then nd- j nilito. Mr. WVSHBrUNE. of Illinois, oftcred a rc«o- Inpon lltat the Sneak* r nppoiut a committee to wait uponrihe iTceidcut aud anuouuce Uut a ' qnornut of the (louse had a.-semblcd. and, also, 1 that a committee be appointed to join the Seuate ' cemtmnce to wait npon the Pre-ident and an- < n» a* Cl* tt at Congress was ready to receive any com- * mnucancnil at ite might be pleased to make. : 'ihe icsolutiun wa* adopted, nnd the Speaker 1 appointed as a committee Messrs. Waritburnc, 1 Muirillar.d Brigham 1 On mi non ot .v«r. WASHBUUNE. the Speaker 5 was requested to assign a seat on the floor of the j House to tbe reporter of Uic Uuhcd Slates aud 1 Kuiopcan >C"g Association 1 PMr. ELIOT, of Mass.. ot'Vred a re*oluUoa that 1 a committee be appointed to be called the Com n ittce on Frwdtncn. to corsist of nine members, and to have charge ol all maltcre concerniug freed men: which was retV*ne*». Mr. ELIOT, introduced a hill to repeal the thirteenth section of au ucr entitled “An act to puni&b rebellion and for other purpose*,” being the section which confers on tbe President the powvrof granting amnesty to teb Is. On motion ol Mr. BuLTWELL, a resolution was adopted diieeting the Secretary of State to lavUclcie the House all correapuLdcccc had bv the State Ueparimi nt relative to the discovery and arre-t cf John 11. burrett. Mr BOUTWELL imrodneed for reference a hill to provide for the sale of gold by directing the secieiaty of the Treasury to sell fi,UKl,ttOO of gold every Monday raondng In Now York. Iu pstccls no: to exceed SIO,IOO. and providing that no sale uf gold be made In any other way, and that no such sates shall bo made when tbe amount of uafid In tie Treasury does not exceed '‘ttt.itti.UU 1 . Also, that pnolic uottce of the lime and place of such sale shall be given in one news paper In each of the twelve principal cities of the VLi'cd Mates ; also. pr< tided that tbe Secretary mat allow a commission to tbe person miking ! such snb-s. not to exceed onc-dnirih uf one per cent ot the amount sold; also that the Secretary shall, from time to time. Invest the proceeds of such sales In lot rest bearing bonds ot tbe Unit 'd Males, and that tbe bonds so purchased shall be n>atked “negotiable,” and tbe interest tbcroon shall be Invested :n other bunds to be held and treated In the same manner. Tbe lonrtb section provides tbat no collector of internal revenue, or any pnblic officer, shall the funds of tbe Milted States in any harking institution whet cvcr,hisJofficc orplace of bn-itess Is within twenty-five tulles of the Uni ted States or of an As-istant Treasurer of any designated depository of th** public money. Referred to tbe Committee on Ways and introduced a bill to fir the time for the regular meeting of Congress at ifi o'clock, toor. on the dav on which th.' term begins, the nisi Monday in*January and the second Monday in November next pr-crUmc the cud of the trim for which Congress is elected, , Ihe second section of the bill provides for tbe i arr.ct'din'cntof the act of July ‘-ft*, IS*®, making , ■ appropriations for sundry civil « xpensos, Ac., I so that no mcmbirsbnll rccrivo mileage for trav , * ciling to the place ol meeting of the Congress I Ot whufa he is elected. r C-Mr. KF.MEY, of Penn., Introduced a bill to , cn ate ard organize a department to be called the . Department of Interest Revenue, wh chwas re . it-ned to the Committee of Ways and Means. *. | Mr. SiEVENS. of Penn., introduced a bill to r regulate removals from office. » Nr. WARNER, of Conn., offered a resolution f Inquiring of the President whether any Post a masters held office In violation of the act for tbe i organization of the Post Office Department. f Mr. FARNSWORTH and Mr. STEVEN'S both moved in succession tbat (be Douse adjourn, but 2 tin* motions were lost, aud the House* remained In . session until the reception of the President's Mcs i. sa e. which the clvik proceeded to read. 0 Mr. bTEVLNS moved to susjtct d the farther d reading until to-morrow. Lost, and the Message it was read. ■v When tbe reading of the Message had conclud f cd, Mr. WAh’BBURNE n*ovcd to prim a number £ ofcxtta conics of the Presidents Message for * the uve of tit** members of the House, Refe;re»l .a to the Committee on Printing. 0 Tbo lloa.-c then aujourned to 12 o’clock tomor* '» ; «>w. FEESIDESTS MESSAGE. Fellow Citizens of the Senate and House of Rep resentatives: Atier a Brief interval, tha CoDgreaa of tho United States reenmes Its annual Icgls’alivo labors. An All Wise and Merciful Providence has •uated the pestilence, which visited oorahorea, leaving its calamitous traces upon some portions of our country. Peace,‘order, tranqmilty and civil authority have been formally declared to exist throughout the whole ol the United State* In ah the Slates, civil authority has superseded tho coercion ot arms, and toe people, by their voluntary action, am maintaining their Governments in fall activity and complete operation. The enforcement of the laws Is no longer obstructed in any State by combinations too powertnl to be suppressed by Ihe ordinarv coarse of Jadiciml proceedings, and the animosities, engendered by the war are rapid ly yielding to the beneficent influences of oar free institutions, and to the kindly effects of onre stneted social and commercial Intercourse. An entire restoration ol fraternal feeling moat be the earnest wish of every patriotic heart, and we will have accomplished our grandest national achieve ment when, forgetting the sad events of the past, and remembering only their instinctive lessons. we resume onr onward career as a free, prosper ous and intelligent people. restoration or the states. In my message of the 4th of December, 1865, Congress was informed of the measures which had been instituted by the Executive with a view to the grannal restoration of the States in which tho Insurrection o< carted to their relations with the General Government. Provisional Governors bad been appointed, Conventions called, Govern ors elected. Legislatures assembled, aud Senators and Representatives chosen to the Congress ol the United Stales; courts bad been opened lor the en forcement of laws long In abeyance; the blockade bad been removed-custom houses re-estab isbed, and the Internal Revenue laws put in force to order that the people might contrionte to the na tional income. Postal operations had been renewed, and efforts were being made to restore tfiem to their former condition and effi ciency. The States themselves had been asked to take pan in the high function of amending the Constitution, and of thus sanctioning the extinc tion of slavery, as one of the legitimate results of onr istcrneaDe struggle. Haring progressed thus far, the Executive Department found that it had accomplished nearly all that waa within the scope of Us constitutional authority. One thing, how ever, yet remained to be done before the work of restoration could be completed, and that was, the admission to Congress of loyai Senators and Rep resentatives from the States whose people bad re belled against the lawful authority of the General Government. This question devolved upon the respective Homes, which, by the Constitution, arc made the judges of the elections, returns and qnaliflcations ot their own members, and Its con tlderation at once engaged the attention of Con gtess. in the meantime, the Executive Depart ment—no other plan having been proposed by Congress—continued In its efforts to perfect, as far as was practicable, the restoration of the proper relations between the citizen- of the respective States, the States, and the Federal Government, extending, from time to time, as tbc public interests teemed to require, the judicial, revenue and postal systems of the country. With the advice and consent of the Sen ate, the necessary officers were appointed, and appropriations made by Congress for the pay ment of tbclr salaries. The proposition to amend the Federal Constitution so as to prevent the ex istence ot slavery within the United States, or any place subject to thetr Jurisdiction, was ratified by the requisite number of Staten, ami on the ISm day of December, isGo. it was officially declared to have become valid as part of the Constitution of the United States. All of the States hi which the Insurrection had existed promptly amended their Constitution!*, so as to make them conform lo tbc great change thus effected in the organic Jaws of (he land; declared null and void all ordinances and laws of seces sion; repudiated all pretended debts and obliga tions created for the revolutionary purposes of insurrection, and proceeded nt good faith to the enactment of measures for the protection and amelioration of the condition of tho colored race. Congress, however, yet hesitated to admit anv of these blaterto representation, and it was not until towards the close ol the eighth month of tho ses sion that an exception was made in fhvor of Ten nessee, by the admission of her Senators and Representatives. EXCLUSION or LOTAL SOUTHERN SENATORS AND atrursEXTXTivEs. I deem It a subject of profound regret that Con gress has thus lur failed to admit to seats loval twnatori* and Kcpret-cntatives from the other Stales, whose inhabitants, with those of Ten- net-tec, had engaged in the rebellion. Ten Slates —more than uLc-iourtb of the whole number remain without representation. The scats of W members in the House of Hopresemarives. and ol £o members in the Senate, are jet vacant— not by their own consent, not by a failure of c.ectior.—but by the refusal of Congress to accept their credentials. Their admission, U Is be lieved, would hare accomplished much toward the renewal and strengthening of our relations as one people, unu removed serious cause for dis content on the port of the inhabitants of those States. It would have accorded with the great prin ciple tnutclaicd In the Declaration or American Independence, that no people ought to bear tbc burden of taxation, and yet be dented the right of representation. h would have been in consonance with the ex press pi ovision# of the constitution that each State ehal! have at least one representative, and tuat no State without its consent shah ho deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. These provisions were In tenthd lo secure to every Slate, and to the people of every. State the right of representation tn each House of Congress, and eo important was u deemed by the framers of the Constitution that the equably of the States !n the Senate should be preserved, that cot even by an amendment of the l oi.stitntion enu any State, wilbont Us consent, bo denied a voice lu that branch of tbc national legislature. IXTZOIUTT or AIL TOC STATES. It Is true it bos been assumed that the existence of the States was terminated by tbe rebellions act* ol their Inhabitants, nod that the Insurrection having been suppressed they were thenceforward to be considered merely os conquered territories. The legislative, executive ana judicial depart ments of the Government have, however, with ;real distinctness and uniform coasts i-ccy refuted to sanction an as sumption so Incompatible with the nature cl our republican system, anil the pro filed objects of the war. Throughout ihc recent legislation of Congress the nudciuablc fact makes Itself apparent, that tbe ten political communities arc nothing less than Staton ol this Union. At the very commencement of the rebellion, each house declared with a unanimity as remarkable as it was significant, that tbe war was not “waged upon our part In any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, our pur pose of overthrowing or iiitcrfrrhip with the rights or established Institutions of tho*e Stales; bnl to difcnd and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution and all laws made in pursuance theicof; audio preserve tbe Union with all the dignity, equality and lights of the several Mites unimpaired; and that as soon as these ©ejects wote accomplished, the war ought to cease.” la route instances, Senators were per mitted to continue their legi-lattvo fnnct'ons, while in other instances. U-preseutallves were tiecird and auu.!tii*d to scats alter tney bad form ally declared their right to withdraw from tbe Union, and wcic endeavoring to maintain that right by force of arms. All the Slates (whoso people were in insurrec tion, us States were included in the apportion ment of the direct tax of s2o.ono.oi'o annnullv laid upon the people of tbet United states by the act approved stb August, IH3I. Congress, by the act ot .Varch 4th, 1M.9, and by the apportionment of representation (thereunder, also recognized their }>rcfCLccoa States in tnc Union, and they have, or judicial purposes, been divided into district* as States alone can bo divided. The same recog nition appears In the rcccutlegtslation lu reference to loMietsec. which evidently rests upon the fact that the functions of the Slate were not destroyed by the rebellion, but merely suspended, and that the principle is of coorscgapplicable to those Mates which, like Tennessee, attempted to renounce their places in the Union. The action of the Executive Department of tbe Government upon this subject has been equally definite and uniform, and the purpose of the war was specifi cally amted iu the proclamation Issued by my pre decessor on tbe 23a day of September, irei, it was (ben solemnly proclaimed and declared that here alter, as heretofore, tbe war will be prosecuted for the object of practically restoring the consti tutional relations between the United Stare* and each of the Mates, and .the people thereof in w hich States that relation is or may be suspended or disturbed. The recognition of the States by tbe'Judicial Department of the Government has al*o been clear and conclusive in oil affecting them ns States, and in the Supreme, Circuit ana DUUlct Courts. S.'AuncATioKS or VniBCIH. mission of Senators and Keprcscnta tives from any and all of the States there can be no just cronml of apprehension that persons who arc disloyal will bo clothed with the powers of legislation; for this could not happen wben the Constitution and the laws ore enforced by a vit-Boni and faithful Congress. Each boose is made the judge of tbe elections, returns and nnallficatlons oi its own members, and may. with the .concurrence of two-thhds. expel a member. When a Senator or Representa tive presents bis certificate of election, be may at once be admitted or rejected; or. should there be any question as to bis cligibllliv. bis credentials m»y oe referred for in vestigation to tbe appropriate committee. If ad mitted to a scat, it must be upon evidence sa ls factory to th** bouse ofwblcb he then become* a member, that he possesrc* tbe requisite constitu tions! and legal qualifications. If rcftised admis sion as a member for want of due allegiance to tbe Government, and returned to Ms couslitnect*, rST arc admonished that none but {tenons loyal to rite United States will be allowed a voice in the legislative councils of the nation, and tbe political power nod moral influence of Congress are thus eSectively exerted in the Inter ests of loyally to the Government and fidelity to tbe Union. Upon this question, so vitally affecting the restoration of tbe Union and the permanency of our present former govontm<nt my conviction* heretofore expressed, bare undergone no change; but on the conn ary. correctness bas been confirmed by reflection and time, if the admission of loyal members to tbeir seals in tbe respective boose* of Congress was wise and expedient a is no- leva wise and expedient now. If this anrmalous«ondition is right now; tf in the ex act condition ol these Mates at the present time it is lawful to exclude them fr.vm representation, 1 do not sec that the question wit) be chanced by the influence of time. Ten rears hence, if these States remain as they are, the right of representation will be no strong er ; the right of exclusion will be no weaker. XDTAXTXOK OT AXHtITTIKO LOTAL 80VTMK5 XZX< OCRS. - Tbe Constitution of the United States makesit the duly oi the President to recommend to the consideration of Congress such measures as he shall Judge necessary or expedient. 1 know of no measure more lucratively demanded hr every consideration of nation'll interest, sound policy and equal Justice, than the admission of the loyal members from the cow unrepresented States, This would consummate the work, of restoration, and exert a most sain* ta<y influence la the establishment of peace, harmony ana fraternal feeling. It would tend greatly to renew the confidence of the American people in the vigor and stability of their Institu tions. it would bind u» mere closely together as a nation, and enable ns to show the world the in herent and recuperative power of a Gorcrnmeut founded upon the will of the people, and estah li«bcd upon the principles of liberty, justice and Intelligence. Our increased strength and enhtno'd prosper .tv would inefragably demonstrate the fallacy of the arguments against free Institutions, drawn from our teccnl national disorders, by the enemies of republican government. The admission of loyal members (ram the btatrs now excluded from Congress, by allaying doubt and apprehension, would turn capital now awattmc an opportunity for investment into the channel* of trade and inanslry. It would alleviate the present troubled condition of those States, j ftl ,d by inducing Inslgrantt, aid to the settlement of fertile regions now uncultivated, and lead to an Increased production of those staples which have added so ranch to the wealth of the naticn. and the commerce of the world. New fields of enterprise would be opened to onr progressive people, and soon the devastation* of war would tic repaired, and sll traces of our domestic differ ences elaced from the minds cf our countrymen. In our efforts to preserve the unity of govern ment which constitutes ua one people, by refto-} tpg the Stales to the condition which they held Srtorlo the rebellion, we should be canfon* lea% aviug rescued onr nation from perils of threat ened dMntcrrsiion, we resort to consolidation, and In the «nd absolute despotism, ns a remedy fur the rccutieLccof similar trouble?. Ibe war Having terminated, and with it all oc- CHICAGO. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4. 186 S. caaion for the exercise of powers of doubtful comtitntionallty. wo should hasten to bring legislation within the boundaries pre scribed by the Constitution, and to return (o the ancient landmarks established by our Cstherafor the guidance of succeeding gen erations. The Constitution which at any time exists, until changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, te sacredly obligatory upon all, ‘*lfr in the opinion of the people, the distribution or modification of the constitutional powers be In any particular wrong, let it be cor rected by an amendment, in the way in which the Constitution designates; bat let there be no change br usurpation, lorit ia the customary wea pon by which iree Governments ore destroyed.'* Washington spoke these words to his country men when, Tallowed by their love and gratitude, he voluntarily retired from the cares of public life, “To keep in all things within tha pale of oar constitutional powers, and cherish the Federal union as the only rock of safety," were prescribed by JeScrson as roles of action to endear to bis countrymen the true principles of their Constitu tion and promote a Union of sentiment and action equally suspicions to their happiness and safety. 1 ’ Jackson said “that the action of the General Government should always be strictly confined to the sphere of its appropriate duties, * and Justly acd forcibly urged, “that our Government is not to be maintained nor oar Union preserved by invasions of the rights and powers of the several States. In thus attempting to make our General Government strong we make it weak. Its true strength consists in leaving individuals and States as mnen as possible to themselves, in making itself felt, not in its power, but in its be neficence ; not in binding the Slates more closely to tbc centre, »nt leaving each to move unob structed in Us proper constiinUonal orbit.** These are the teachings ol men whose deeds and services have made them illustrious, and who, tong since withdrawn from the scenes of life, have left to their country the rich legacy of their counsel, their wisdom, and their patriotism. Drawing fresh Inspirations from their lessons, let ns emulate them in love of country and respect for the Constitution and the laws. tbkasubes’b eepout. O A—4 VMI. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury af fords much information respecting the revenue and commerce of the country, Elis views upon the cnrrenCT, and with reference to a proper ad justment of onr revenue system, internal as well as impost, are commended to the careful conside ration of Congress. In my last annual message I expre teed my general views upon these subject. I n?td now only call attention to the necessity of carrying Into every department of the Govern ment a system of rigid accountability, thorough retrenchment find wise economy, with no ex ceptional or unusual expenditures, the oppres sive burdens ot -taxation can be lessened by such a modification of onr revenue laws as wilt be con- usiecl with the public faith attd the legitimate and necessary wants of the Government. The report presents a mnch more satis'actory condition of our finances than one year ago the most sansnlce coo id have anticipated. Coring the fiscal year ending Jane 30th, 1865, the last year of the war, the pnblic debt wa« increased StMI,9Q2 537, and on the 31st of October, 1565, it amonnted to 13,710,-51,750. On the 3t?t dav of October, 1800, ithart been reduced to $2,551,310,000, (be dlrotimarion during a period of fourteen months, commencing September Ist, 1865. and ending October Stet, 1866. having been $206,379,565. Jn tnc last annual report on the state of finances, it Tins estimated that during the three quarters of the fiscal year ending tbe 50th of Jane last, the debt would be increased $'12,101,017. During that period, however, it was reduced $ >1,106.337, tbe receipts or the year having been $39,995,995 mote, ana tbe expenditures $£00,389;2J3 less than the estimate:* Nothing could more clearly indicate than these statements tbe extent end availability of the na tional resources, and the rapidity and safety w ith which, under our form of cut eminent, great military and naval establishments can be disband ed, ana expenses reduced Irum a war to a peace footinc. Dining the fiscal year ending 30th of June, HOC. the receipts were $558,932,* 20; the expcndl lurc9ss2J',7sb,oii l , leaving an available surplus ot $>'.7,251,060. it is estimated that the receipts for the fiscal year enuiug the Sun of June, 18C7, will be $tT5.9bi.396, and that the expenditures will reach the sum of $31fi,42*>,078, leaving In the Treasury a • urnlus of sls-,C:ri,3u.-<. For thu fiscal year ending June 30th, 1868, It is estimated that the receipts v.ill amount to $426,1 bc,oUi. and that the expenditures will be f35U.247.011. showing an excess of $85,752,359 la : uro7 ot the Government. These estimated receipts may be diminished by a reduction of excise and impost duties, but oficr ail necessary reductions shall have been made, the revenue of the present and following years w ill doubtless be sufficient to cover all legitimate chart'd; anon tbe Treasury, aud leave a largo an nual surplus to be applied to tbe payment of the principal of the debt. There seems nowito oc no good reason why taxes may not bo reduced as the country advances in population and wealth, and yet the debt be extinguished within the next quar ter of a century. It£l*of.T or BECHETAUY OP WAB. The report of the Secretary of War furnishes Valuable and important information in reference to the operation of his department during tbe past year. Few volunteers now remain In ’he service, and they arc being discharged as rapidly as they van bo replaced by regular troops. Tbe army has been promptly paid, careiully provided with medical treatment, well sheltered and subsisted, and ia to be furnished with brecch-ioading small arms. The military strength of the nation has bran unim paired uy the discharge of volunteers, the dispo sition ot unserviceable or perishable stores, and the tctrencLmeiit of expenditures. Sufficient war mat dial to meet any emergency baa been retained, and from the discarded volunteers, standing ready to respond to the national call, large armies can be rapidly organized, equipped and concen trated. The fortifications on the coast and fron tier have received, or arc being prepared for, more powerful armaments: lake surveys and harbor and river improvements are in course of energetic prosecution. Preparations have been made fur payment of tbe additional bounties authorized during the recent session of Congress, under snch regulations as will protect the Government from fraud and secure to the honorably discharged sol dier tbe well-earned reward of his faithfulness and gallantry. More than 6,000 maimed soldiers have received artificial limbs, or other serviceable apparatus; forty-one National *'emeteric*. containing the re mains of 101,526 Union soldiers, have already been established. Tbe total estimate of military Appropriations is $25,205,609. report or the secretary op tub satt. 11 ib stated In the report of the Secretary of the Navy that tbe ( aval force at this lime consists of 278 vessel?, armed with 2,351 gun?. Of these, 115 vessel?, carrying 1.029 cans, ate in commission, dist-lbnUd chlcuy among seven squadrons. Tne number of men in the service is 13/-00. Great ac- tltiiy and vigilance have been displayed by all the squadron?, and their movements have been ju diciously and efficiently arranged iu such a manner as would best promote American commerce, and protect tbe rights and interests of our countrymen abroad. The vessels unemployed arc undergoing r« pairs, or arc laid up until their services may be tequhed. Most of the iron-clad fleet is at I.eague Island, in tbe vicini y of Philadelphia, a place

which, until deci-ive action should hetakcirby Congress, was selected by the Secretary of the Navy as ibe most eligible location for that class of vessels. It Is important that a suitable pnblic station should be provided for the iron-clad fleet. It i- intended that these vessels shall be in pro per condition for any emergency, and It 1? desir able that the hill accepting League island for naval purposes, which passed the House of Rep lescntstlvos last session, should receive final action at an early period, in order that there may be a •■ullablo public station for this cla*s of ves- sels, as well a? a navy yard of area sufficient for the wants of the service on the Delaware River. The naval pension fund amounts to $11,759,000, bating been increased $2,.00.000 during the year. The expenditnres of the Department for the fiscal year ending 30th Jane last, were $43,321,526, and the estimates for tbo coming year amount to $24,568,436. Attention is invited to the condition of onr sea men. and tbe importance of legislative measures for their relief and improvement. This sugges tion on behalf of this deserving class of onr M low.duzcns. Is earnestly recommended to tho tavotable attention of Congress. DEPORT OP THE POSTMASTER GENERAL. The report of tbo Postmaster General presents a most satisfactory condition of tbe postal service, ana submit? recommendation? which deserve the .consideration of Congress. The revenues of the Department for the year ending June 39. were $14,386,986, and the expenditures $15.352,079, showing an increase of the latter of $1413,093. In anticipation of this deficiency, however, a special appropriation was made by Con gress m the act approved July 23, is*6. Including the standing appropriation of $700,01X1 for free mail matter, os a legitimate portion of the revenues yet remaining unexpend ed, the actual deficiency fur tbe past year is only fSts.ot'3. a sum within $15,141 of the amount e-U --mated in the annual report of Tbe decrease of revenue compared with the previous year, was one and one-flttn per cent, and tbe increase of ex penditures. owing principally to the enlargement of tbe mall service in the South, was tweivc per cent On the •‘ > olh ot Jnnc test there were in operation R.tcii mail routes, with an aggregate length of lSP.f2t miles; an aggregate annual transportation of 71,837,914 miles, trd an aggregate annual cost. Including ail expenditures,* of fe.tliUSt. The length ot railroad routes is 33.032 miles, and tbe annual transportation 30,W8.4ii7 miles. The length of steamboat routes is 14.340 miles, audtbeanuual transportation 3,411,1413 miles. Tbe mail service is rapidly increasing through out the whole country, and its etcauy extension in (he Southern States indicates (heir constantly improving condition. The growing importance of the foreign service also merit* attention. Tbe Post Office Department of Great Britain and our own have agreed upon a preliminary basis fora new postal convention, which, Hie believed, "ill prove eminently benefi cial to tbe commercial Interests of tbe United States, as St contemplates a reduction of tbe international lefcr postage to one-hall ibe ex isting rates. A reduction ot postage with ail other counules, to and from which correspondence is ttanamitted in the British mall, or in closed nulls, •.brooch the United Kingdom, the establishment of uniform and reasonable charges for these and territorial transit of com>pondcuce in closed mails, and an allowance to each Post Office Depart ment of the rtcht to nee all mail communications established under the authority of tbe other, for the despatch or correspondence, either in open or closed mails, on tbe same terms as those applica ble lo the inhabitant* of the country providing the means of transmission. nzTOBTor-mx srennanr or tux xxrsmon. The report of the Secretary of the Interior ex hibits the condition of those branches of the pub lic service which are committed to bis supervision. Dunns the i»ft fiscal year, acres of pub lic 1010 were disposed of: LSVOlti acres were enUred under the Uomcsiead Act. The policy orirlnallT adopted relative to the public lauds has undergone essential modifications. Immediate revenue, and not their rapid fclt'cment was the cardinal feature of our land system. Long expe rience and earnest discussion have re«ulted tn the conviction that the earn development of oar agri cultural resources, ana the diffusion of an ener getic population over oar vast territory, are ob jects of far greater importance to the na tional growth and prosperity than the proceeds oi|thcsaleofland to the highest bidder In open market. Ihe pre-emption law* confer upon the pioneer who complies with the term* thev im pose, (he privilege of purchasing a limited por lion of unoffered lanes at the minimum pace. The homestead enactments relieve the eciderfrom ihe payment of purchase money, and secure him a pemanentbomenpou the condition of residence fur a term This liberal policy invites emigration from the old and from the more crov ded portions of the New World. Its propi tious rosolts are undoubted, and will be more signally manifested when time shall have given to ir a wider development. Congress has made liberal grants of public land to corporations in a d of tue construction ot railroads and other internal improvements. Should this policy heie after prevail, more stringent provisions will be required to secure a faithful application of the fund. The title tu the land should not pass by patent or otherwise, hot remain in the Govern ment, and subject to Us contra l.umfl some por tion of the road ha* been actually built. Portions ot them might then, from lime 10 time, be con veyed to the corporation; but never to a greater ratio to the whole quantity embraced by the grant than the completed parts bear to the entire iefigth o! the projected improvement. This restriction would not operate to the prejudice of any under taking conducted In good null.and executed with reasonable energy. As it lathe sealed practice to withdraw- f:om market the lands tailing within the operation of such grants, and thus to exclude the Inception uf a subsequent adverse right—a breach oi the conditions which Congress may deem proper to impose should work a foifeltnre of claim to the lands so withdrawn, hut unconveyed, and of UUc to the Ui coL'eyed which ie-i aiu unsold. Operations on the several lines of the Pacific * Railroad hare been prosecuted with unexampled vigor ana snre'ess. Should no nniorsecn cause* of delay occur, !i .’a confidently anticipated ihit thl* great thorougbfv'ro will be completed before the expiration of the .period desigcatca by Congress. During the las! t’scal year the amount paid to pensioners .incladii'c the expenses of disburse ment. was 113,-1551,V9C: and 50,137 names were added to the pension rolls. The entire unmber of pensioners. Jane 30, ISC6, was This fact furnishes melancholy and striking proof of the sacrifices mace to vindicate the constitutional authority of the Federal Government and to maintain inviolate the Integrity of the Union. They impose npou ns cor .responding ooUcHlons. It is estimated that rO.Wn.OOu will be required to meet the exigencies of tlr* branch of the service during the neat fiscal year. Treaties have been concluded with the Indians, who, enticed Into armed opposition to our Gov ernment at the outbreak of Vue rebellion, have tic conditionally submitted to our antbonly and toanifestedan earnest desire for a renewal of friendly relations. _ , . ;tnns. .Dtmpg the year ending September 30, 19W, eight thousand seven hundred and tixteen patents for useful inventions and designs were issued, and at that rate the balance in. toe treasury to the credit of the Patent fund was- two hundred and twenty-eight thousand two hundred and ninety seven dollars. , ~ rossissippi nxvxu. As a subject upon which depends an immense amount of the production ana commerce of the country, I rtcommend Congress such legislation as may be necessary for the preservation of the levees pftbe Mississippi Elver. It ia a matter of general Importance that early steps should be taken net only to add to the efficiency of those barriers sgaiust destructive inundations, but (or the removal of ali obstructions to the free and sale navigation of that great channel of trade and commerce. _ DIBTEICT or COLUMBIA. The Dial rid of Colombia, under existing laws, is nut entitled to that representation in me Na tional Connell which, from onr earliest history, has been uniformly accorded to each Territory es tablished from time to time withm onr limits. 11 maintains peculiar relations to Congress, to vhom the Constitution has gi anted the power of exercising exclusive legislation over the District. Oar fellow-citizens residing iu the District, whose Interests are thus confided to the special guardian ship of Congress, exceed In number the popula tion of several o: onr Territories, and no Just rea eon is perceived why a delegate of their choice should nut be admiued to a seat in the House of Ifcpresentatives. No mode seems so appropriate and effectual of enabling them to make known thdr peculiar condition and wants, and of secur ing the local legislation adapted to them. I, therefore, recommend tbe passage of a law au thorizing the electors of tho District of Columbia to choose a Delegate, to bo allowed the same rigU's and privileges as a Delegate representing a lerritoiy. Tbe increasing enterprise and rapid {iroeress of improvement in the District, are hich y gratifying, and 1 trust that the efforts of the municipal authorities, to promote the prosperity oi tho National Metropolis, will receive the effi cient and gencrom co-operation of Congress. aoiuccTTmc. AUUIWkJ | L Ihi.. The report vl the Comrun-tlocor of Agriculture reviews the operation: of his department dm mg tbe past year, ana asks the aid of Congress in Its efforts to encourage those States which, scourged by war, are now earnestly engaged in the reorgan ization of domestic industry. It !s a subject of congratulation that no foreign combinations against our domestic peace and sa-.ety, or our legitimate influence among the cations, have been formed or attempted. “While sentiments of rt conciliation, loyalty and patriotism have increased at home, a more just con>ldernllon of onr national character and rights has been manifested by foreign nations. INTERNATIONAL TELECnAPn. The entire success of the Atlantic telegraph, between the coast of Ireland and tbo Province of Newfoundlai d. Is an achievement which has been . uslly celeb* ated in bulb hemispheres a* tbe open ng of an era In tbe progress of civilization. 1 hero Is reason to expect that equal success will aticod, and«ven greater results lollow, tbe enterprise tor connecting the two comments through the Pacific Ocean, by the projected lino of telegraph between Kamscbatka and the Russian Possessions in America. VAntocs subjects. The icsolution of Congress protesting against patdont by fotclgu Governments of persons con victed of infamous offences, on condition of cai 'ration to oar country, has been communicated to the Stales with which we maintain intercourse, and tbe practice, so justly the subject of complaint on our patt, has not been renewed. Tbe congratulations ot Congress to the Emperor of Russia upon his escape from attempted assas sination, have been presented to Hut humane and enlightened taler, and received by him with ex pifer-lons of grateful apmcciatlon. The Executive, warned of an attempt by Span ish American advcuturcis to Induce the emigra tion of Irecdraen of the Unite I States to a foreign country, protected against the project ns one which. If consummated, would reduce them to a bondage oven more oppressive than that from which they have just been relieved. Assurances have just been received from tho Government of tbe State in which the plan was matured that the proceeding will meet neither it? encouragement nor approval. It is a question worthy of vjnr consideration whether our laws upon this subject are adequate to the prevention or punishment of the crime thus meditated. Tim Mexican question. Jn tbe moi th of April lost, as Congress is aware, a friendly anngement was made between the Em peror of the Fitncb and the ITesidcnt of the Uni ted States, fortbe withdrawal from Mexico of the French expeditionary military forces. The with drawal wa s to be made in time detachments, the first cf which it was understood would leave Mex ico in November now past: tbe second In March ncxl, and the thim and last in November, 1-67. Immediately upon the completion of the evacua tion, the French Government was to assume the sumo attitude of ntu-intervcutiou in regard to Mexico ce is held by Ihe Government of the United States. Repeated assuranc e have been given by the Emperor since that agreement that be would com plete the piom.eui evacuation within the period mentioned or sooner. Itwa? reasonably expected that tbe proceedings thus contomplaUd would Produce a crisis of great political interest In the icpullic of Mexico. The newly appointed Min ister of tbe United States, Mr. Campbell, was, therefore, seutorward on the ninth day of Novem ber last to assume his proper lunctions as Minis ter Plenipotentiary of the United States to that Republic. It was also thought expedient that he should be attended in the vicinity of Mexico by tbe Lieutenant General of the army of tbe United Slaic?,wlihavicw ofobtainlngsncb information as might be important to determine the coarse to be purrucd by the United States in re-establishing and maintaining necessary and proper Intercourse with Uit- Republic of Mexico. Deeply interested in the came of liberty and humanity, it seemed an obvious duly on our part to exercise whatever influence we professed for the restoration and permanent establishment in that country of a do mestic and republican form of government. Stub was ihe condition of affirrs In regard to Mexico. whim, on thu 22d ot November last, official Information was received from Pans that the Emperor of France had. some time before, decided not to withdraw a detachment of bis forces in Ihe month of Novem ber past, according to engagement, but that this decision was made with the purpose of withdraw ing the whole of (hose forces In the ensuing spring. Of this dctfimlnalion, however, the Uni ted States had not received any notice or intima tion. and as soon as Ibe information was received by the Government, care was taken to make known Its dissect to the course of the Emperor of France. I cannot forego the hope that France will reconsider tbo subject, and adopt some reso lution in regard to the evacuation of Mexico, which will conform as nearly as practica ble with the existing engagement, and thus meet the Ju-l expectations of the Coiled States. The papers relating to the subject will be laid before you. It is believed that with the evacuation of Mexico by thu expeditionary forces, no subjtct for seriona dliTercnce? between France and the United States would remain. The expressions ot the Emperor andpeople of Prance warrant a hope that the traditionary friendship iKtwt-en the two coumrie* might, in that case, be renewed and permanently restored. A claim of a citizen of the United States for in demnity for spoliations commuted on the high seas by the Ficnch authorities, In tbo exercise of a belligerent power agdnst Mex ico, has becu mot by the Government of France with a proposition to defer scltlcmentuntll a mutual convention fortbe ad justment of all claims of citizens and subjects of Doth countries, arising out of the recent wars on this Contituni, shall be agreed upon by ibe two countries. The suggestion Is lc. deemed unrea sonable, but it belongs to Congress to direct the manner In which claims for indemnity by for eigners, os well as citizens of the United States, arising ont of the late civil war, shall b.* adjudi cated and determined. 1 have no donot that the subject of ait surh claims will engage your atten tion at & couvcnfTnt aud proper lime. It is a matter oi great regret that no considera ble advance has been made towards an adjustment of Ibe ibfierencc* between the United States and Great Britain, arising out of ibe depredations on our national commerce, and other trespasser, commuted during onr civil war, by British sub jects. In violan* n of International law and treaty obligations. The delay, how ever, may be believed to have resulted, in n*> sc all degree, hom the do mestic sfualion of Great Britain. An en tire change of ministry occurred in that country during the !a*t session of Pan lament The atiei lion ol them-wmiuhtry was called to the subject at an early day, and there is some reason to expect that it wilt now be considered In a be coming and Irivtidly spirit. The importance of an early disposition of the question cannot be exag geraud. Whatever uilgtt be the wishes of the two Governments, it is manifest that goodwill and friendship between the two countries cannot be established until a ledproclty in tbe practice of good faith and neutrality shall bo restored be tween the respective nations. the rniAS cerastes or caxana. On the ttb of Jane las*, in violation of onrnen* traliiT bwg. s din. - ry cn.erprisc against the Brit ish Nor.h American Colonies was projected and attempted to be carri-d on within the territory and jurisdiction of tue UnLed Ssatcs. In obedl tnre to the obligation imposed upon th" Executive br the Constitution, to see that the laws arc faith full* executed, all citizens were warned, by proc lamation, against Union past in or aiding such unlawful proceedings, and the proper civil, mili tary and naval officers v ere directed to take all mrretarv measures for the enforcement of the liitf. The expedition failed, but It has not beets without Its painful consequences. Some of our citizens? who, it was allefi**o, were engaged la the expedition, were captured. and have been brought to trial, as for a capital offence, in the Province of Canada. Judgment and sentence of death have been pronounced agalnstsome, while others hare : ban acquired. Folly believing in the maxim 01 government that severity of civil punishment lor misguided persons, who have engaged in revolu tionary attempts, which have disastrously failed, is unsound and unwise, such representaUuns have been made to the Brit : sh Government in behalf of the convicted persons, as. being sustained by an enlightened and humane Judgment, will. It ia hoped. Induce m their cases an exercise of clemency and a judicious amnesty to nil who vme engaged inthvmovement. Counsel hasten emploved ov the Government to defend c.tizena ot the’Cnited States on trial for capita) ofifeuces. In Canada, and a discontinuance or the prosecu tions, which were instituted ia the courts ot the Ui Urd States, against those Who took pan In the expedition, has been directed. f have regarded the expedition as not only political in us nature, bnt s« also. ic a great measure, foreign ftom the United- States, .in causes, chancier and objects, xae attempt was understood to be made ic sympathy wi'h. an in surgent cany id Ireland, and by striking a British province. on this continent, was designed toaid in obtainingtcdiets for political grievances, winch, it was assumed the people of Ireland hadsnff.'rca at tbe bands of the British Government daring &. period of several centuries. The persons engaged ip ii were coicfly natives of that country, some of whom bad. while others had not, become citizens of the United States under our general laws of naturalization. Complaints of mlagovernment in Ireland continually engage the attention of the British nation, ano so great an agitation is now E levelling in Ireland tbat the British Govtmment ave deemed it necessary to stipend the writ ot haiiat eorn-u* in thaw country. These cl.cum?lances must necessarily modify the opinion which w e might otherwise have enter lained in regard to on expedition expressly pro hibited by our neutrality laws, bo long aa inese remain upon our statute hooks they should be QithfnllT executed, and if they operate harshly, unjustly or oppressivt ly. Congress alone can ap ply the remedy by their modification or repeal. tue xasmtx quianoN. The political and commercial luuircsla of the United States are n"t n’* 151 *»iv to bo affected in gone degree by events which are transpiring in tbe eai-tciu regions of Ku;o,».-,aDd the time seems to have come when onr Government ought '0 hive a proper diplomatic rcprcseclmlon in Greece. NATUfIAUEITIOX. The Govern matt has claimed for ail persona not convicted, or accused, or suspected ot crime, an absolute political right of self-expatriation and a choice of new national allegiance. Most of tho European Stales have dlssenlad from this princi ple, and have claimed a right to hold scch of their subjects as have immigrated to and been natural ized in the United States, and afterwards returned on transient visits to their native conn tries, to the performance of military serv ice, in like manner as resident subjects. Complaints arising from tha claim In this respect made by foreign States, have here tofore been masters of controversy between the United States and some of the European powers, and the irritation consequent upon the fsUnre to settle this question increased during the warm which Italy. Prussia and Austria were recently engaged. While Grcatßntaln nos neveracknow- lodged (he right of expatriation, she-has net for some past practically insisted on the opposite doctrine. France has been equally forbearing, and Prussia has proposed a compro mise which, although evincing increased liber ality, has not been accepted by the United States. Peace is now prevailing everywhere in Europe, and the present seems to oe a favorable time (or an assertion by Congress of the principle so long, maintained by ibe Executive Department, tiuvt naturalixatioc bv one Stare folly exempts tho na tive bom subject of any other State from the per formance of military service under soy foreign Government, so long as he does not voluntarily renounce Us rights and benefits. CONCLUSION. In the performance of a duty imposed upon me by tbe Constitution, 1 have thns submitted to the representatives of the bialcs and of tbc people such miormation of our domestic- sod foreign af fairs as the public Interests seem to-require. Our Government is now undergoing its most trying oideal, and my earnest prayer is-that toe peril may tie successfully and finally passed with out impairing Us anginal strength and symmetry. The interests of the nation are best promoted by the* revival of fraternal relatione, the complete obliteration of our past differences, and tho rclnan?nration of all tbe pursuits of peace. Directing nor efions to the early accomplishment of these great ends,, let ns endeavor to preserve harmony between the co otdlnstc departments of the Government, that each In its proper sphere may cordially co-operate with the other in securing tho maintenance of the Constitution, tbs preservation of the Union, and the peipctulty ofonp free institutions. (Signed,) Andbuw Johnson. Washington, December 3, iB6O. SECRETARY SXASTOX’S REPORT* EEDUCTION OF TUS AUNT. la die War Office tbo work -of mastering out troops has been actively continued. From -Jana* ary 20th to March oth, 983 volunteers have been mustered out, leatlng in the service ll.oiCvolun leers, white and colored. ■ Ibe reduction of color ed troops has been 75,024. and ou November let officers and enlisted men remained in ser vice. The reduction ot the army has been attend ed by greatly reduced expenditures. The advanc ed depots ot the Department have been broken op, and great quantities of materials have been sold at advantageous rates, or packed in five principal depots and arsenals, and all un necessary employes discharged. RETURNS PBOX SALES. From May 1. 1565, to August 2, im«, over 507,000 horses and mule* were sold tor $15,269,075 r»L About 4,400 batracka have been sold during tho year for $417,853.14. The sale ot Irregular and damaged clothlrg In store, produced, during tbe fiscal year, the snm <>f $912,770.45. The Keel c.f 590 ocean transports in service on July Ist, 1565, at a daily expense of $82,400, was ndneed before June 30, iB6O, to fifty thiee vessels, costing $3,900 pcrdicm, and mo?t of these have since been discharged, ocean trans portation being now almost entirely con ducted by established commercial lines of sicamirs. Of 86 f vessels which had been employed in at an expense o’ *3.193,:- C.£s—uo:.u were remaining in scivico on Jnce Jkib, 1860. The sales of river transports, steamers ami barges during the rear are reported as amounting to $i.152.895.92 The talcs of wagon lran?portailon in the Indian couchy have also been reduced by favo able contract!*. Tho ini itary railroads which v. ■re operated during the war at a total expenditure of ?4f'.452,719.15, and which \u c officially reported to have reached an extent of £.Giu:; miles, and » have possessed 133 engines an! 6,6i.>3 cars, have all been transferred to companies or boards of mbllc works, upon condition of thu adoption of oyal organizations of directors. Cash sales of railroad the amount of sy.i6*;,a:w.3.j, are reported, and credit sates of $7,111,073.22, upon the latter. There have been paid, principal and interest, $ 2,969,858.13, leaving due to too L'nlud states, on June tilth, 1805, pilucipal and inteli'st, $6,579,9*4.1*5. Ihe Military Telegraph, which attained an cx tem'of 15.4H)miles of lines constructed during the period of hostilities, with a total expenditure of *3,219,499 during the war, and $567,«-37 during the last fiscal year, has been discontinued. Che material sold and disposed of, and the employes discharged, only a few confidential operators tar ing still retained for cypher correspondence with commands!? of important districts. * Genual hospital, hocpital transports and rail road dales, ambulance corps, aud a number of medical purveying departments, have been dis pensed with, and all perishable article? ot tnedt -cal and bospiial supplies, in excess of the roqulre ; mcnt» of a peace establishment, have bceu dis posed of at pnblic sale at advantageous rates, and the reserved supplies concentrated at five de pots, Tbe proceeds of old or surplus medical and hospital property amount to $1,611,261.59, but the sate and disposition of these large amours ol unserviceable and perishable stores stOI leave on band an adequate supply of war material tomcctsuy emergency that can possibly an«e. Ihe stock of clothing, equipage, quartermaster, subsistence, hospital and ordnance stores, ammu nition, and field artillery, t« sufficient for the tm mediate equipment of large armies. The disband ed troops stand rcany to respond to the national cal), and with our vast means of transportation nna rapid organization developed during the war, they can be armed, equipped and concentrat ed at whatever points the military cmergencymay require. While, therefore, the war expenses hare been reduced to ibe fooling of a moderate and economical peace establishment, tbe national ml.itary strength remains compact, and in a con dition to be promptly pnt tortn. While tne vol unteer force and toe advantageous disposition or concentration of war material was thus success fully accomplished, without diminishing the milt irry power of the conniry. recruiting and Izingihe regular army favorably progressed. In consequence of the dilUcnlry in procuring enlist ments lor the regular, while so many men were re quired for the volunteer service, 153 com panics of the regular army, as then authorized, were reorganized on Mar 31st, IH3, but In the middle of tbe following JnW these companies bad been completed*. Under the act of July 2d'h, i>6o. the regular arrav now comprises ten regiments, or 130 companies, ofcavalry; live regiments, or 00 companies, of ar tillery; and 45 regiments, or 450 companies, of infantry, of which two cavalry and four imantry regiments are composed oi colored men, and four imantry regiments of menwno were wounded in the line of ibclr duty. One regiment ot white cavalry had been fully recruited on September 13th. Ihe other regiment, assigned to the i’acinc const, is very nearly completed. Forty eight of the fifty-four companies required to coe'ert into regiments the single battalions of the nine, three battalion regiments of tbe foimcr organization have been completed and sent lo their regiments. Tbe four veteran reserve regiments have been assigned to dMrlcts where tlie men maybe nsefitl'y employed in guarding storehouses, and, as far as possible, from tbe col ored volunteers still in service. The maximum strength of tbe army ts placed at 75,353, rank and file. Tbe pres ent strength of companies is Axed nt sixty-fonr privates for cavalry, artillery and Infantry, and ',*l privates for light batteries of artillery, maklngan aggregate strength of SVUi-i. As soon as the ranks shall be well Ailed, it Is designed to Increase the efficiency of the military lorccp by raising the standard of qualifications. The troops in service were recn larlv paid, and tbe demands of those discharged and*mustered out promptly met. During the Os cal tear ending Jciic3C:h, ?iu, 131.001.41 were disbursed !•» the army and Military Academy. $M3,!Vi3,3:3.36 to volunteers, and in the disbursement of millions of dollars in smsll sums and amid great difficulties, heralds a total cost to the Government In ex pense* of every character hut a fractional por lion of one per cent. iiEALTn or the troops. Every effort has been male to pro mote the health of tbe aimy. aud to give tbe best medical treatment to the wounded and sick. Well giounded auptehenslous of the appearance of Asiatic cbokia as an euid- mlc early in the year, required prompt action fur tbe protection of oar troops. A rigid military quarantine was cstab- Iblud in the Southern cules, and precautions en forced. The adoption of these measures tailed to couttol or eradicate the disease at the recruit- ing posts, and it appeared t**-fore it assumed its alarming epidemic torn. An official recognition has oci n given to the medical officers whose fidel ity am. .kill sccc * ded in avoiding or diminish ing the horrors of wtde-spread pestilence, in other respects the general health oi tao troops has been good. Among white troops the proportion of deaths from all causes has been one to every fifiv-iwo. Among colored troops tbe proportion of cases taken sick has been greater than with the while troops, and the mortality, one to ever; twcnty-nmecascs treated, Tbore were remaining in the General Hospitals June SUth, !Sds, and admitted during the year, bt.133 patients, of whom on June Stab, 19W3, only ninety-seven remained under treatment. HOSPITAL ACCOJOTODATIOKS. The comfort and proper medical treat* ment of the sick and wounded arc secured ic wcil arranged poet hospitals, uf which there are at prcsentlOT, with a total capacity of I.S-sl beds. Measures have been adopted for the pur* pose ol providing suitable shelter for the troops, now stationed on the plains and for those which mar be ordered thither, and to prevent suffering during the winter, the army has been well sup plied with forage. anarr ecrpi-rts, about onc-fcall the quantity having beta supplied from the stock remaining on hano, at the cessation of the war. The consumption for the year has been 3.1 h‘.oi u bushels of oats. S.lCl.Ot’Uhashels of corn. ir.i'.i’OiitousofbayandUVTiX) tons of straw. Sub sl-ienee stores ot good quality have been sup- Slicd to the army, and though the larger paittavo een obtained at the principal market centres of ibe Nonhero Slates, yet The general return of lb* ei tons Noitb and South to the production* ot peace and the consequent re-opening of the cus tomary channel* ol trade, have enabled a partial resumption of the coarse of procuring supplies at the points where they arc to be consumed. Eighty contracts for fresh beef have been (made in. the southern States, at a general average price uf ll.tfl cents per ponnd, and la the interior of those Stater other articles to a small extent have-been pnrcl axed. The market at New Orleans is so well furnished, and has so far assumed a healthy a mercantile condition as to render It possible to procure there, at satisfactory prices, mo« of tin snbtlfcivnce stores required In the Department of the Golf. On the Pacific coaai, far several years alter California was admitted into the Utdon. all the supplies tor troops there stationed were required to be shipped from New Tork. Bnt a reliable market, comprising the products ot California, Oregon ar d the foreign countries bordering upon the same ocean Is now found in San Francisco, and most of the snb'istcnce stores tor troops in the Division of the Pacific have b en there obtained. In general the supplies pureliascd anrinr the year have been procured and contracts concluded in pursuance of advertisements tor scalea proposals, written proposals and accep tances. dspcotbp Anns. The importance of speedily providing the atmy with breech-loading guns of the best pattern has been recognized and acted upon. By order of January ?d, 1666,aboard of competent offi cers was convened for the purpose of examining, testing and reporting on the various models of origir tl breech loaders, and the various plans for the conversion into breech-loaders of toe arms he retofore borne by our troops. Ibis Board met MaicblKh, and continued in session until June 4ib, when it? report was submitted and directions have been given the Ordnance Department for the speedy manufacture of breech-loading arms. In view of the great number of small arms on hand it was decided to con vert Springfield rifled muskets at a comparatively mall cost, into ctiecive breech loaders, rather than to incur the cost of the entire manufacture of sew arms of that dcacrip lon. At a time, too, when the Invention may not have been perfected, the alteration of the Springfield riCo has been effected so sncrcs-fnllv a* to render [Concluded on Fourth Ay#.] NUMBER 181. X3T WAIT BROTHERS, Advertising Aa-’ts IS6 Dcnrbdrn«sl., receive advertisements for ail (he lending papers ihronghont the Called States and Canadas** fttasonic Nortecs. A TTENTION, SIR KNIGHTS.—The JX annual conclave of Apollo Commanderr So. 1, K. T- for election of ofßcera. will be bold at their asv hinithisJTnfsdsyy evening at 7 o’clock. By order 3. E~ UNLaKIIILL, Recorder. ffSHfnteh. *YyAKTED— SIGN FAIHTSB wintcd. To a CraWloas workman, steady work at good wages. Address HOJER A GRAHAM. painter*, 97 Doane-«t. t Ngw York city, giving terms and references. Photographs. A TERRIBLE CRASH—On Lake-st, corner of LaSalle. Brices of photographs rSZiXi TO $1.60 FSH DOZEN. Wo guarantee aattaiactlon. WEAVER BROS- Props. C.N. FLORENCE, Operator. 137 Lake-«t. jFmandal. 825,000 TO LOAN, On Steal Estate Security. GEO. H. KOZCTr OS LaSal]»eC. fHusical o secoSd-haud STEINWAY PIANOS, at foso, |S9O art! SOJ. sold In ccastqumce ol the owner* having tio farmer aw lor theifl. Also, K'yeral goed tecond-bund lostrmueou ot ot&cr makes takes !□ exchange tor ••Stcln'vaya.” SMITH & NIXON, Comer Clark and Washlugton-eW. 3300 ts ana Shoes, QLOSIKG OUT AT LOW PRICES. Fall Stock of ■WHOLESALE HOUSE. > T o. 5? lLafe:e°st» DOTS! DOWN GOES THE PRICES! 100 Cases KlPflu In. 100 Case?* Kits lb in lUO Ca-cs 100 Cttbc* Vouih’tt.... X3T Price LUtln lull In Chicago Journal of Com merce, or seed tor our Circular. E. CIIA.F’IjST, I ll IUXZIE-ST. JJOOTS AND SHOES AT iriIOLSSALE. GREAT BARGAINS! We arc now ottering our immense stock ot BOOTS AND SHOES Very low, and mmy styles at greatly reduced price*. M e tua BESTCUSTOM-MADEBOOTS In the West. Cash and short time buyers will ttnd It greatly tc tLclr advantage to give us a coll. 0. M. HENDERSON & CO., ■i, 6, and 8 jLako-st,, Opposite the Adams House. (Elntijing. 813.00. * lsm 815.00. •WILL BUT A BEATER OVKRCOAT, At SCOTT, DAVISON * CO.’S, c-j 81. 81, 81, 81. 81, »i, 81, P,r ’ WILL BUT A TThitc Merino Shirt or Drawers* k t SCOTT, DAVISON & CO.’S, SSlinhoto polisl). H E WINDOW CLEANER AND M.AGIC POLISH! Till* recent and wonderful discovery CLEANS WIN DOWS, &c., almo«t ns fast as on» ran wipe them over with n cloth . requires no *onp or h-n wnt>T; mtk'-eno oust or litter. nn.t leav,a the tla*» free from lint aud pirtceUv ci-ar. As a polish for silver and alt ether metals, it has .no k<jvau inuortm.* almost Instantly a peculiarly brilliant and hc.tumui lustre, plnal of r ilrc’ebcs Is nil that 1- trewary to con vlnce a**v one of its great value. It win give entire satisfaction. Price 35 cents. S-.ld by Agents and Dealers. and wholesale and retail bv tr.e mnnufactn rera: 0. M. SMITH A cO., 77 U. ariatra-BL. Chicago. fTT See advertisement ‘‘Agents Wanted.” (Consignments. ■|^UEBS£D B I10Gi5:! DREBBHD HOGS I! 7 DBES3BD HOGS! I am row prepaml to bundle Dressed Tlocs for coun try eblpi-cr?. atd will for nub, by request. STENCIL PLATBAND IVEIGUT LISTS, All consignments will receive my prompt attention, W. H. UNDERHILL, iSi WaiblLgtjn-sU,tblcaga. TARRsSED HOGS! DSESSED HOGS! DRESSED HOGS! Conaicnmcnt* of Drwsed Hogs will bare our care fit!. pn>tnpt attention. We m.ißo a -■ penalty cf thb and ikartiee in the couutry shipping hoc* u thl# aarket tbl & season will dud u to ihslr luterwl tc ship to na. btcncll platea. weight lists and dally mar tel reports furnished 'rre on appllk-atlon. __ LAtVP.ENCE. NEXSEN ft BTTTLEB. Oils Block. 164 Madlson-eU comer of Laeallc. JJ O G S ! DRESSED HOGS. We shall give our usual personal attention to cen slcrmcnt«vf Pressed Hogs. Cerrcsponrienccfrom our 010 customers acd new ones l» solicited, that we may keep them pasted and furnish them with stencil plates, weight lUt and daily price lift free. A. n. PICKERING A: CO., Commission Merchants and Salt Agents, 160 South Chicago. JpOR prompt returns, send your DRESSED HOGS To DAVID DUEL -5c CO., jFot Sale. ■pOR BALE, OX COM»I3«IOX, Fine rosnectlcot Seed Tobacco, TV rappers and Fillers, Cirpt«<y. Al>o, a fine sttnX of Tobacco, Clears, Pipes, ic., tor sale by PARKER. MARSH ft CO„ |9 FOOT CEDAR POSTS FOR SALE. I.CCO 12-foot large renad Cedar Po*t on board schooner Norwae, at Lumber Ma'SCl. Apply tc. U, K. BICK FORD, t-enth Wafer-at., toot Franklin. CEDAR POSTS.—We l»ve on hand a large sleek of Sawed and Ronnd Cedar Fasts, Which wc offer to (he Trade at tatr prices. R. MASON * SON, HH Murkest. \3rcpofials. OFFICE OF THE CHICAGO &AL tos Ratlkoau Cuupaxt, Chicago, Dec. 3, l;*j6 Sealed Proposals will be received the SOih Inst, lor G 0,003 RAILROAD GROSS-TIES, To to dfllverFd in Chicago within ninety days after the openlrg-flit-* navipatlo- in the spring if idol. The Ties io wb feel lone, OM 11 bewc-j, aid ix? If sawed. HiToiosaU will state kind of timber offered. T. D. EAACKSTONE, President. astrology. OTICE —Just arrived trom Europe. CLAURISSA QIILL.SO3I, The celebrated Glptey Fortune Teller, can be consulted f roni 9 tn> 5 In me afternoon. Don’t forget 347 g oulh Oark-it. Neto liJublirations. JN PRESS. “Patriotism of Illinois.” H two volumes, octavo, cf over SCO page* By KEY. T. B. EDDY, D. D. Ten thousand Sets Already Sold CANVASSING AGENTS WANTED. ThU truly Important tad ralhablework has met with uAlveraalpraUafromaUpartaof the country. Froba hjy rework ha. exceeded it le popularity, m the llbe rat ».'Oc, ccmtned to Illinois a one, amiMy tatidts. The work tire* % mu tod complete history ot the part taken by Illinois in tie cr«st struggle between Freedom ana Slavery. a history of the campaigns In which the iSCAXlsons of Illinois were engaged. Traces each regiment from Its organuauon toiutc of master oat,elvlaEiegtment*! roaien, TiurijUowing extract from a settee which appeared of the work speaia volume* itf Its favor: (From the Daily Tribune, Chicago;] After careful perusal, we pronounce it me best exe cuted and most valuable work which has ever cmsna f er} rrorfl'ttie Northwest, Urfatgeet, owing to the toW« and /*i tome respects providential and unrtvollcd prom lneo«x"o( Xlllnol* In the war, U one ot commanding dignity and Importance. TUlnoU, which was before even M-Akvichnseus and Tork with her troops In the war, and with h*r sanitary enterprises tor their comfort, s third time oot«trfprtoem with the record of her Rchlewtoent*. The wow coolo not have been exe ented more' sattraetortly. The stole may well be proud or anti adopt n as peculiarly Its own. The reconri whims Is now cn thrprfss, and win be' ready In a so on time. The work Is lUtstrated by One portrait* on ateel of Preside&tiUßeolß,- Honuatephea A. Douglas, Gtn. V. >. Grant, Gen. W. T. Sherman, Gen. John A. Ixnr.'X Gen. S. A. Horibut, Gen. John M. I'almvsv- Gen. J. A. UcClernand, Gen.T. E.O.Kaoton,. Gen. W.ILL. Waiace, Hen. Allen C. Fuller, Adjc. Gen. I. N. nsyole, Hon. Richard Yalta. Han. R. J. Oglesby, G«n. Jas. A-Malbftaa, Col. John A.Brosa, Mat. Geo. Coatsworib, Gen. M. Uravman, tiai.A.L.ChcUaiß, Gen. B. 12; Grierson, ' Price per ▼olnrae—Ctoth, 13.50: laUhrary Leather, ILOOt In Ara. ,Mor..^4A; la Half Calf. SijO. Po*o»de*irtng copies ofAirwork, or to engage in Its sale; can addreaa CLARKE & CO.rVubllsUcrs, SO and SS WashlogtoaeL. Chicago. CHARMING bOOK FOR GIRLS. HSli GOIDTBWATTE. By 3trs. A. D. T. Wliitmjv This admirable ifory, which was so popular with tbo readers it Ora Tocso Folks foriSSfi,andwhleh'was so hlchlj' praised By the press for lu rare Interest and aa elegant Tc lotnf, JllustraU «lby Aavastas Hoppln. and bwsd la morocco cloth. F-w gift-books tor the Holldty* will be so attractive acF of each lutnnalc value as this. Price t1."3. BOOKV REKHTIY PUBLISHED. FLOWER-DE-L TO?. A’ncw volume of Poems by LONOFECLOW. $2.23. STORIES OF VMANT LANDS. By GcaCK GUD- wood. $1.50.. THE VISION OF SIR LCvNFAL- By J. E. LowEtt. Illustrated, n‘^o* MATO MULLER. By J. 9-Wflmnß. nioatratel. S3W. EVANGELINE. Bl* H.W. LosomOLOW. 11l os Crated. S3.K). WHITTIER’S PCOS.E WOKESr New EdiUon. 3 vob. ‘55.00. LONGFEIJ.OWS ITA ISE New Edition. avols. s;.x>. LONGFELLOWS POf-MS. New Edition, i tols. $15.00. THE BIGLOW PAPERS - Second Series. By Joxcs Braeu. Lowell. $1 AO. HErvLETTEK DATS. .By Gafl Hasultos. uiaa trated. f.-V. THE DIAMOND TENNYS ON. fIJS. THE PICTURE OF ST. J OHN. By BataED Tat- LOS. $9.00. CHARACTER AND CHARI CTECISIIC MEN. By Hnwis I*. WmrrL*. SI.Z •. AFLOAT IN THE FORES*,By Capt. Mats* HOW NEW YORK riyy IS GOVERNED. By Jaszs Pabtos. Paper, 25cents. Sent, pcstpM'L on re- For *ale h» all Boit«*Mlers. cell t of price by the PnMDher?, TICirNOR & FIELDS, Boston, UusUiess lEachs. Hale & co„ No. IAS SOUTH WATE&6T., CHICAGO, ILL, GNE K A L Commission & Shipping Merch’ts, SOLICIT FOB SALE Floor, Gmlo, PritTlsions, Dri'fNcd Homs »n<l Pmul-M -f Alt ttiudi, WESTERN PRODUCTS Received lor shipment (via railway) to all EASTERN CITIES. BRVOOD-& CO., General Commission Merchants, Cor. LaSalle aEd Wasfcliigtoii-sts., CHICAGO. Give particular attention to both basics and selling Crain, Flour, Seeds, Pork, Lard, Beef, Tallow. Propert v bought and held on margins, and told dtha la tl.l* cr Harlem markets. g?f“ Special rat«» ot Commission made to those whe turnl-h Uielr own money for large purchase* ol prop* erty to be held for sale by us. I*. L. Lpucrwoon. lien, w. Cnderwooj. MALTING COMPANY, Nos. 2 and 4 Michigan-av., manufacturer* of malt and Dealers In Barley uud Rye. J7T" We keep constantly oa band sticks ol Prime Burl* y &i.d lt> MsIL width we ore prepared to sell at tae lewtrt market rab*s. rp L. MORGAN & CO., ’commission merchants. For the purchase and sale of Grain, Hour, Provisions. Ac. particular attention paid to the sale cf Dressed Iiog». 13 LaSaUe-sh, Chicago. XVr T. NOBLE, V > • v.ccrr.vcrcßn or Looking Glrosch nod Picture Frames of Every Description, No. Ffate-sr., Chicago. P.0.80x 1143- Old Frame*-regllt. Also, a nne collection of PulDtin>ts and Eagravbigs for «al<*. TTOR GRAIN'D HA VEX AXD 3IUSKE i DON. LAST TRIP OP THE SEASON. 7h<* Steamer FEA BIRD will l**ave tny dock fwcatb er twrmlttlnei. tor above ports, nn WEDNESDAY EVENING. Dec. sth at 7o’clock. A. E. GOODBICn. patents. J>AILROAD OPFICERS AND OTHERS INTERESTED, . Are Invited to Call and Exnmioo Parsons’Self-acting Car Coupling. It D admitted by tho?e who have teen it to be fupe* rl.r to any Self-adjusilns Car Cocpiiag new known. Boom, Base infill of Xo. 77 Clark»sL J* VERT iIAX ms OWN HORSE SHOER. The American Horse Shoe AND IKannfactaring Company, Owner ol Bcbcl ft Boel’s Patent Horse Shoe, having or ganl/id uadtr thclawsof Illliwti. are now engage* 1 In «lltne County Rights and taking the preliminary step* forlheratabUshmentofa manofitetory In this city to supplv tLe demand fbr those excel lent shoe*. The Shoes are of Cast Malleable Lroc,nearlr as tnagb as steel, asd by an Ingenious device whi b challenges the admiration of the ablest mechanic*, yet so simple that ant one can adjust them, are fastened to the foot frmt rtbanhy nailing, or any other known method. Thev do rot bind nnr pinch the fact, nor injure the hoof.c-o-tt*o-thifd»kaatbaa ordinary ahoes. and are nb«o nti ly perfect. . „ „ County Rights «the Bute ot Illinois. Indiana. Wls* Cfituln and Michigan for.aale at No. 95* Wasutsgtoa* General Agent. p ARD'S PATENT BBICK IViaCHIME. Office and m«iniactorT.s:i Sooth Jeflbraon-st. Foi Informadoh and ds*3rtpave circular^addteaa & H GABO* Clotting.. JpiFTEEX $25. FIFTEEN. Black Cloth Sal* for 815, Silk mixed do. for $35, At SCOTT, DAVISON ft CO,*S.> pLOTHING, CLOTHING. GREAT REDCCTIOX IX MEN AND BOYS’ CLOTHING, At SCOTT, DAVISON ft CO.’S, 13artnets1>vp. TV&SOLUTION—TIie firm of Wilcox I I & Voore is ttlsdaj dlasoJTfdbf matiulcoosent. o. S. Wilcox ccutlnoes m tLe tmslote* and assumes all liabilities of th- Arm. All dobla doe the firm moat be paid to O. A. Wilcox. TfCtOber g % 1966. Dissolution op partnership. JAS. A. HAltt & CO. Nonce thereby given that the lute partnership cx- Inlnc under the firm Oljas.A. Hair & Co. ts thirds y dlsaclTtd by limitation. „ „ P vA vi Tn*\r Chicago. Dcc.lst ISM. jFurnitute. T7DRNITURE! PURNITURE! r POK SALE-CHEAP. J 4 , On account of llVhealtn. 1 have determined tocjoae ontmy Btootof Furniture at very JotrficuTW. Those wishing to purchase wtQ please cad and examine goods. f. B. HANSON, Agent, 174 South Oara-rt. 53 uplei Elliptic Skirts. Jj\iSHION S DEMAND J. ¥. Bradley’s Duplex Elliptic (ob double srarsQ) SKIRTS. -win not bend or brock like Os «t3g*a sprtnjßh ShwSv*” 7 preserve their perfKt tad •a °ygmr ordinary Bfilm trs thrown a*!d« Sos«switt^S, c ? mtMne contort, darahUlty an« standard skirt OF THE FASHIONABLE WORLD. At wholesale by the exclusive nunnlactarera *** sole owners ct the patent, WESTS, BRADLEY & CAST, Warehouse and 0fC0e,97 Chambers and 79 and 91 Ilcade-su, New York.- Also, at wholesale by the lead ing Jobbers. Bradley’s Duplex Elliptic Bt tar the most popular and graceful Sktrt wun. per tali at wholesale at mana;*«etiirer,’ prices.-by FIELD,-PALMEIt & mtBB, 110,118,114 and UgLake-sL. Chicago. 151* LAKE>ST, Bradley’s Duplex EHiptio Skirts; rorFaefSsceandEconcnrYarenuTOrpvsed For sale at Wholesale by JOBS* V. KAHWELL A CO -4‘-£« 44 and 46 Wabash-av., Chicago. Bradley's Duplex Elliptic Skirts .The lightest, most agreeable and peneev Skms ILrsale at wholesale. boWCN UKO&. 19 and 71 Lake-si, Chjc^J**- Bradley’s Duplex Elliptic Skirts; Forbesnty, comfbrt and durability sup-rior to an oth ers. for sale at wholesale by J y TORRENCE. MANNING * COL, 33 Lake-Band 39 Wabash-ay- Chicago. Bradley’s Duplex Elliptic Skirts; AtWholesale, at manufacturers* price*. KKITH. WOOD & CO, 10.1’J and 14 Lak-sst- Chicago, ffigTbtiiarr. Stobcs. Sa. HARDWARE. IVILUUI BLAIR & CO., IMPORTERS And "WHOLESALE DEALERS Cf AND 179 A>*D ISI KASDOLPH-ST,, ’(Adjoining the Brlgg* Rctrse), CHICAGO. 1 3IASSILLON PIG SISOT. DEWEY £ CO.. ‘27 Ki^gslmry-st* SSHljnlcsalc cried) Rouses EZMBAIL, ST EVENS Sl COMFY. WHBIESME CLOTH HOUSE, 64 S& 66 ,wgg/g.?.y - .ip. IKinrs. iLiaunrri. Arc. LONGWuETffS WINE HOUSE, CINCINNATI GOLDEN WEDDING. SPARKLINGOACaWOA.DM CATAWBA, ISABELLA AND DELAWARE. These celebrated Wlnca are tor sale B' pht.t.jw FINCH A FULLER, LORD a SMITH, and WEITZEI, SLLKXIN & C 0«, 7 Stato-au Chicago. QL JOSEPH GILLOTTS sTEEL PENS, OF THE OLD STANDARD QI'M.ITY JOSEIMI Or Descrlpttvs TRADEMARK: (tiI.LOTT. Kami and Dengy WAIIIttNTHn, n*tmg Number. KF.W SERIES, GOOD AND CHEAP; from No. 73t to No. 761. JOSEPH ’With TRADEMARK: GILLOTT,. Deslmitta? B 1 It .11 1 N GIIA .IS. Numbers. The well known uuu.i km. and romas numaera. 303. 401. 170-351, having bccnaisuimM by other MasnL>, il desire In caution the public it. r»«cet m said 'u.‘.rations, ArK FOR tULL«IT3. Grtt-OTfsPisa Id ,»rch vanity and style a« to suit every kind of hand-writfeg, lor «i« to the trace by JOS. GILLOTT sfc SONS?, No. 91 Johp-at., NewVork, BENBY OWEN, 8 »loA(?cnt. JEmple ot fHusic. TEMPLE n'rttSiC; Pianos, Organs and Melodeons tarnished, a; RhED’3 Temple ol Mn»lc,SS RaadaJpn-sL, upon payment cfa small amount down, balactJ In nmtAiy Installments. t3T Call and see os. Csas Darners. ''J'UE NEW bduxeu. M CIBE LIGHT! LIGHT! The Last and JJest Invention. Patent Kerosene Oil Gas Burner. By thence of this Boner, Glass Chimney.'* arc en tirely expensed with, and ** brUilait light given <<ut la a spreading Jet. similar to that of Gas. The nr .•nary Coal Oil (Kerosene) *>f the .bop* »♦ a*id. aflordlag net only the CHEAPEST but th- lIKs»T Mgat that can he produced Horn this emit lllnmlnatltg agent. We curdUliy luvlte every one b> call aud witness lor himself the operation* ot this Bwrcer, being folly aware that “To See is to. be Convinced.” The Burner 16 so constructed that it vt-ichd t-y Any- Coal Oil lamp, Tboi saving the price ol new-mer where Ouy are al-» etotVand Courier Klghulor sals. Apply to or * Jsa ' A.. R. SLOAN. ADAMS nnebS. 3Lauhs. A • LL TV ANTES G FA R-V S—Good* arm AV and weJl-piOFed Fruit Lnnd. J —Beaatiftil and uLmlnssetUeineat* f VINELAND V taiia soatl c< Ptu'addpbla by xailrcad. ,PomUat.oo 9 iV5 people la Ibnr years. Good acoetr. ,!£? chnrches; l.ftXJorctmnJJ Planted. price, fa per acre. wVwriDfou? years. \iU.eeloU -W tnaT-aftettirers also for sale. Climax mild—perieccy h»Uliy-»cH htghly lerUle. Izzjirovel places sa^* U VlfMer** i-has. K. LANiils.proprietor, lasdl Sew Jersey. Papers conuinlac mfomatJoasail tr-c 7 Prom report ct Soloa Robinson, AencaltaraJ i'dltor of tbe Tribune; “Ilia cne cl the tnfst extea* fireietSia tracts la an almost leva* po-ltion, and *otc* ablecoodinuafbf pleasant fartnugt last we laow <4 thusiaa a£ the Western Frames.” Llcal Estate. i Aft ftftft ACRfciOFPINE LAND IUImUUW B MT'vHIGiN' FOR SALE.— Tbcse hrrdi w«re carffnriy selected and concise aoaeotlha largest acdbes%<rwt» east ox lius Moaatalrs. Apply to ®i3ar iHaterial. u tntdee qf peace prepare FOK WAR.”—One Tboossnd United 'Stales prnfstanacdFrem-'i.MUSKETS.arst-clrusaad Inoer lect older, newly IrjpeoUil.lor pale by *.be hundred, or the whole Jot together, at a great bargain. For terms. sddlt at once to A. K, BARTLETT, »pp<) *. ww Q H c Am t. KaUTcarn >. Mfrh. VALUABLE, THAN GOLD! Br. Wadsworth’s Dry Up! FOB THU CATABEH! A perfect and speedy cate tar this dDcaae, in us wursi loro. In every case ot Catarrh, ae* ere ox *be disease should oe removed aa #• K»a as £•»«* tieTfor It elves rise to hoarsenr.s, •oreness iatbe> W. diTConEb. ccrooic ißtoxtnatian cf the longs, ttnltMtrio the bead, with a sensation a , ~hf I*-** ox Itasca^of smelling aaC t tTnir »nd rsrteos palatal teurdglc aff-ctlun*. runt ~ nnt«V« mistake aoons the aoo»e remedy, and It may "• of S”subscriber, General Agent Dr the Dinted .* ates a»4 Providence, R. I. Resale by SMITH A DWYBR proujdsti, U 3 * M I,kt-sv. Wholesale Agentsft»r Ctlcaao. o. A- witcnx, DON MOORE. JET.YIS HOUoE, Comer Tan Bnrcn and Shcnnan-sts., Opposite the magnificent ne» depot ot the Michigan Sonthem tad the Udc«go A Boch Island railroads. This bouse, having changed bands, has been raised to evade, and entirely remodelled, refitted and refurnished. The proprietor?, having had long experience in note** hetplnr,»lll endeavor to mate this one oi the very be*(moderate price houses In the city. Board £LOO per day. A r.,*» ... Mn ha aivnmmivlliAL rvuu |aui u»j , A cm 1» " * Proprietor*. pens. F. Tt. TVARP. Detroit. Mich._ iSEOirat fSjoterg.-