Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 7, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 7, 1866 Page 2
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Cljtcago DAILY, TRI-TVEtELT AND WEEKLY. OFFICE, No. 91 CLAUK-^T, There f.w Ihrw edition, of the Ramp IMned. a : ra n.ornl«.fe..e lra .« l on „ r e^e„. •“ ~,p ““i.. M. The IcWratT, Mtmd.t,, , w mnl FttCy, , or me m.IU otu,; a, " “ E!T ’ “> Thar.e.ra, lb. Ut, miUl mtd «l“ , Matter end bv tntia. °“ Term. ,f the Chicago ■DJIIS delivered in tbe city (ocr weed g 23 IS J* Fr * cllor a ' of the rear at the same rate*. N oner to sniprrtßr**.—lu ordering the adore** ox jvnr papers chanced, to prevent del*r. *** » are *®d spcvlly trhstcdlUon yr>a t*ks—WcekL*’. Trl- Weekly, or li&hy. Also, jdveyonrpsssEsT«“‘tf‘ JtafC addr *‘«s. t** - Money, by Draft, oidwa, win Roistered Lciute. m»y besen tat oar list. Address, TRIIIt'NK CO., Cbiraso* III* -FRIDAY. DECEMBER 7. ISGB Afior life settlement of the slavery ques tion, the next great problem for the Amer ican people to grapple will be that of mono polies. Slavery itself, the greatest of all monopolies, required a war of four years, no. paralleled in its fierceness and cost, for its final adjustment. It has been brought down at last, and sooner or later, all the lesser mosinpolics which are drawing the life blood of the people, will come tumbling in rains alter it. In the approaching contact the press will m ecss.mly exert a great influence, and, as we believe, a wise and beneficent one. The patrons of newspapers are tbe great people. For every dollar thatacorpcratiou, or a class intaost, can pay to a public journal, the people can pay ten, and the people Will not be blow to discriminate between those jour nals which are for them and those which are against them. It is proper that the press should begin the fight by clearing their own decks, and ridding themselves both of the burden and the suspicion of monopoly. The political power of the Union bring west of the Alleghanies to-day, and growing more formidable in this section every decade, it is fitting that the preliminary skirmish should take place here. The Western Associated Press have, with one or two unimportant exceptions, declared their independence of the arrogant mono poly known as the New York Associated Pre.-s. The public are already familiar with the main points of the controversy. These points are succinctly aod pointedly statedin the Mur of Mr. Halstead, of the Cincinnati ( 'until,' n •’</?, in another column, which ire commend to general perusal. The tattle in which the Western press are cnragi d must be fougbl out in tbe face of the puh-’c, and it would ho false to assume that the public are not interested iu it. Whatever concerns public journalism, con cerns the people in a very intimate degree, and any movement to emancipate the press from the evils of monopoly, is a movement, jxi?r* to emancipate them- The fooling against monopolies is bo strong in the West that even those who support the New York ring strive to brings charge of iii».nnp,,ly against the Western Press. Mr. J. K. Serij'ps, of the Detroit Ahcrtincr and Tribune, is out with a statement charging that the loading papers of Cincinnati, Chi cago and St. Louis are trying to get np a “ring,** to the detriment and disadvantage of the Journals in the cities of the second tizc. Upon reading the production of Mr. Scripps one is led to exclaim : , ‘•Against stupidity the Gods themselves fight cnvic.oiiuns.” Mr. Scripps is a well meaning man. He is brim full of those good intentions which a certain place is said to be paved with, and while bis statements are totally untrue, it is easy to perceive that he is not inlentioijajly lying, but is temporarily obfuscated./'lf Mr. Si-ripp? bad reflected a moment be would have seen that it is not the interest of tbc Chicago Tribune to build up all other Chi cago papers to ihe detriment of Detroit. It might be our interest to build up all the pa pers in Detroit to the detriment of all the papers in Chicago except our own. Our ikld of chcnlation touches that of the Detroit papers only at one point, and that nt a long distance, while we have the competition of Chicago papers here and everywhere. r “lt will not be doubted, even by Mr. Sc’rlpp?, that there gonrees of the Chicago Tribune arc greater than those «>f any other Chicago paper. If there is any thing to be gained by cheating, certainly there is much more to be gained by eliciting our neighbors than by picking up jx-nnies over at Kalamazoo, or Marshall, in the Slate of Michigan. If we wished to play a game of grab, we should use our Influence to have the general Press despatches made pour and meagre as possible, so that mure room might be left for specials, for which we can assuredly spend more money than any oilier Journal in this city. But we believe lliat there Is nothing to be made in the long run by gouging our contemporaries either in Chicago or Detroit. Such a policy belongs to narrow minds, and the suspicion of it likewise belongs to nar row minds. Mr. Scripp? proceeds to say : 'The President of the Western Associated Press he- Lien endeavoring to secure a meeting of the As Deletion io ratiiy or reject Hie action o;' Messrs. Halstead and While, which, as It stands, is cmirely iinamboriZL-d Ly the Association, or even thci'diicci -i s; Lm by a provision of the by-law?, the culliitg of special meetings must b ? done by a ur.joipy of tire Board of Duecluig, and the ion sj.imtors coLlJoitiiic the Board, tbc censLtr cannot be obtained, l-i the meantime. by tbreals a-:d otheiwi-c. to sol stem press committed to their new they lor*-. I tile cLJiie W« uranueinei.t. All of which is totally untrue. Messrs. Ilal.'Uad and White decided, so far as they *,, , “ 4U “* - ••uwJioa ilre Aiun. held during the present mouth. Both the Chicago TmnrSE and the Cincinnati Cbm- ?,;■/•(contained articles proposing such a meeting, before the cal! of the President was irsued. It was not the business of Messrs, lighter*! and While to call tbc meeting. They had no power to do so. 4 It appears that Hr-New York S.t'itc Associa tion have determined to adhere to the city monopoly until the expiration of their j-r- scr.t contract with them, havingsecured com t e-ions from the latter, which were uu doi.Medly extorted from them by the firm attitude of the Western press. The arrange meats of the Western Press Committee were ■ pruli- aicd upon the idea that the journals wliirh they represented were strong enough, to provide for the collection and Iransmis -9 sionol tlu-ir own news, and that they were entitled to be the managers of their own af -1 fairs. To this position they will adhere. g| The papers of New Orleans. Washington City and the South generally, together with a number of influential journal;* in Baltimore and Philadelphia, and the IPorfJ in New Fork, have reached' the same con clusion. The result is that the “ring” of five morning newspapers in New i Yori; has been broking the monopoly Is no longer a monupoljy Whatever it achieves hereafter it iiiusl gain with its own*monov in the laceofauactivc competition, of which the mw.-papere and the public on both sides will reap lire benefit. The press are out of the .-buigli of Despond, and arc now on the blub r«-ad to excellence and prosperity, vhK-hc an ouly be reached by freeing them fc !v(s from the tyranny of a monopoly in IcKgraph m-ws. CENTRAL REDEMPTION. We hope Congress will disregard the re v iimieiuhition of the Treasury Department o iiiiikc New York a place of central re ivmption for the notes of all the National Jat;ks. Every bank, and the principal tner- entile and manufacturing establishments m he country now keep money in New York, 9»pmi which they draw for exchange. To re- I ' uire the National Banks to provide for the \ ,'demptlon of their circulation In Now York I • only a scheme to pile up In that city all B- surplus money of the country, to housed •r slock gambling operations. The circula- I on of the National Banks outside of the * ty of New York is p-Sribly os far removed am trouble or danger as Is that ol the banks - that city. We can understand liom vari eirci m-tances why the New York bank “rii-g” want this system of central re. pßnption established. There arc several of “ c-o \ auks that are now paying as high as : per cent interest on deposits, and have * 'aimer? in all parts cf the country hunt- up depositors. We submit to the | ous driven to that extremity are \ safest depositories either of the public \ eye or of the redemption funds of other » ks. The exact character of the business I auks that pay their depositors six per \ interest, may be more easily imagined in described; and as long as that business arried on, prudence would suggest that banks bad better be left to redeem their z. ciiculation, than to require them to ft. < tbclr redemption funds into such hands. ' jere is neither justice nor sound expediency requiring all the banks Iu the country keep large deposits in New York, r and above their commercial needs. Wo entirely familiar with the airs put on t by the New York Associated Banks and New York Associated Press. The for ; would have us believe that there is some ; mvetcry in finance, and that nulcs* i r can have oor funds in their vaults, the , .try w ill go to the d rt gs. The latter assure 1 tail there is some profound mystery about bufincfc* of getting news by telegraph, ' .that unless we give them a monopoly of gathering, the whole country will be F red with Egyptian darkness. Both as ' ; lions are deceptive and Impertinent. ' 'New York banks want to draw interest on tbclr own money and oars too. That u the: English of it. Wo do not deem it proba ble, or even possible, that Con-res' nip sanction any each monopoly. RATIONAL hank < Ut. C,.VT,ON S.l r T r ,‘ 0f 11,0 Comptroller of tl.c Cur roncy contains much to approve, but It a“so wm be" T 0 rccommen dation which wo trust me nher It T rCSiStCd Wcslen. Ron?-j ’ 1 :an ex Panslon of the National ‘° U “> «‘™t of twenty-live mil _ J“ doll are, for the ostensible purpose of affording the people of the late Southern v-tates adequate banking capital to accom modate their business. As this relief can be extended to them without an addition to the present volume of hank notes, the public in terests forbid the proposed expansion The C r p ““ ? c ‘ng »«■>« of the Ben cral hostility to an Increase of currency proposes „ a compromise that Z J' his proposed addition to bank cCrcdlarionT But he may rest assnrea mav mm pruim-i --*Don win meet with no fixvot in the West. There is a plain, simple, equitable method of surmounting the seeming difficulty, and doing justice to the people of the South without Increasing the bank currency in cir culation a dollar, and that ss, by Congress ordering tbe Comptroller to withdraw twen ty-five millions of circulation from the banka of those States which have more than their proper quota and giving it to new banks in the cx-Statcs of the South which are de prived of their just proportion of the cur rency. The original act oi March 25,1503. pro vided for an apportionment of the national currency to the several States and Territo ries os follows; One hundred and fifty mil lions, according to representative population, and one hundred and fifty millions, accord ing to banking capital, resources and busi ness. Surely this gave to the Eastern States all they were entitled to under any rule of right or equity. . But they have managed to get possession of vastly more than the act of March 25,1803, contemplated. The Comp troller thus explains how it was done: “Ibis requirement wag repealed by the act of June 3,ISW. which left (he distribution to ‘he discretion of the Comptroller of the Currency. By he amendment ot March n, 18G5, rht clause re ijUiri/ij; fl« apjiorilotiintHt to be made was re-en •:cl<d{ but a* the same date an amendment to -emon seven of the Internal Revenue act pro vided that all existing State Batiks should have the right (o become National Uautu, and should have the preference over new organizations np to •be Ist day of Jnly, )565. * • • • “ihc Comptroller of tbe Cnr rcncy so construed tbe amendment as to permit be conversion of State Banks without limitation, ’ibe eilect ol this action was to make a very une qual dliUibntion of currency, some of tbe States iccciring more than they were entitled to by that afipoitjonmeii:, and leaving but a very limited amount to be awarded to the Southern and some of tbe Western States." What right had the Comptroller of the Currency to so construe the amendment as to permit the “ State Banks" to grab all the currency they coveted ? The amendment contemplated allowing them to do nothing • f the kiud. The fair and obvious construc tion of Uie amendment is, that the “Stale Banks” were to Lave the preference over “new organizations” in their respective States, in obtaining tbc quota of circulation assigned bj the act of March 25, 18G3, to the several States. For instance, suppose Massa chusetts was entitled to $23,000,000 of cur rency on tbc basis of her population and capital ; and when the act of March o, 18C5, passed, suppose that $10,000,003 had been delivered to “ new organizations,” the State banks changing into “Nationals” would be entitled to the preference—that is to the remaining $15,000,000 due the State. But it is a wild and violent construction of the law that allows those “State banks” of Massachusetts, after absorbing their own quota of currency, to fllch from tbc Western and Southern States a large portion of their share. But this is exactly the wrong which the Comptroller of the Currency, with the consent of the Secretary of the Treasury, has allowed to be done. The plain duty of Congress Is to direct those banks to disgorge what belongs to oiherscctions of the Union. The currency is apportioned as follows: Currency. Population. Sis New England 51ate5..5106,537,'733 3,135,281 New York C3,W3.i55 3,8*7,512 3.i,nsw.GM a/Ahi,:!;; 9,030,715 072,001 8,745,150 CST.O3I Pennsylvania New .feit-ey.. Maryland .$229,540,083 11,689,33$ Total. The nine Western States including Mis souri, containing a population of nine and a half millions, have received a bank circula tion of $53,003,900,0f which the State of Ohio has $18,375,230, and Missouri only $2,712,490. The fourteen Southern States including Delaware, West Virginia and Kentucky with a population of ten and a half millions have a bank circulation of only $0,C52,325, while the little State of Rhode Island with less population than Chicago has managed to get hold of a circulation of $12,800,350 ! Massa chusetts with less population than Indiana has secured the enormous amount of $58,000,00) of currency, being five millions more than bus been assigned to the whole West; and Connecticut with a population of less than double that of Cook Comity has ajclrcnlation equal to that of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and lowa ali combined. Pennsylvania is entitled toabout what currency her banks have got. New York has sixty-eight millions,and is entitled to not more* than fifty millions, and New England should have rather less than half the sum she bas gobbled. Tbc bounden duly ol Congress is, to equalize and rc-dis tribute tbc three hundred millions of cur rency but not expand it. Forty millions, nt the very least, should be taken from tbc avaricious New England and New York banks, and two-thirds of that sum should be apportioned to the South, and one-third to the West; and after this is done the Eastern states will still possess nearly two-thirds of the National Bank currency, while they have ) but enc-third the population of the Union. TIKE MEETING OF THE FORTI ETH CONGRESS. We are gratified that the recommendation rim nioolimr of the For date, has been received with nnivereal favor, not only by Congress, but by the c jnntry. The act making the change must be passed by the present Congress, aud the precise time when the next Congress shill assemble, whether on thcbtli of Marcher the Ist of May, can best be decided according to cir cumstances, as they may be developed this winter. The evil to be avoided is along recess during wliicb the President will be left without the restraining presence of Congress. As the law stands at present. Congress would not be iu session from March 3to December 4—a pe riod of nine mouths. We see that U h pro posed to convene the Fortieth Congress on the fifth of March. It may be that it will be necessary that there should be no interval between tbc close of one Congress and the opening ot the nest; bnt to meet in March, unless Congress remain in session during the greater port of the summer, will involve a recess of some length. Con gress will undoubtedly provide for the estab lishment of territorial governments in the icbel Slates, and it would perhaps be as well for Congress to be in session until these Gov ernments shall be safely under way. Audrew Johnson knows already that he holds olliec by the merciful permission of Congress, but in dealing with a man like him, prudence will perhaps suggest that the means of reach ing him should not be laid aside. Let the sword hang above his head, and let the baud be ready at a moment’s notice to cut the hair by which it is suspended. ASSOCIATED expenses. “XbeNew York Associated I’rc-'t here was asked to abandon il* organization, and to surrenders nufriiuts n>a< had cost many hundreds of thon -ai.ds of dollars, and which non* costs tbc daily .\eiv York Journals thousands of dollj-s per cck, into the hands of a charlatan and adventur er, who was disxui-ecd I because we could cot trust him, merely to accommodate certain gentlemen who pay the merest fracUon of the expense .hub the new* which costi* the Chicago Tribune about seventy dollars per week, costs the New »ork ItibutH more than live hundred; for the -oven journals in New York composing me A«so i jatea Press pay as much themselves as the com i-iEt-d Western pres*.’'—JV»tc ior~ Tribune. The full sandhedrimof the New York Asso ciated Press assured the Western Press Com ■ Utee, a few days ago, that the New York pipers paid tittu-tenihs of the cost of collect ing the news known as the Associated Press despatches, and the outside papers, includ ing ibe East, West, South and Pacific States, only thru-tenths. The New York Tribune now informs us that the Western Press paid one half. This is getting nearer the truth, but is still a long way from it. The New York Tribune says that the news which costs «* seventy dollars per week, cost.- than five hundred dollars per week. The un truth In this assertion consists in the sup pression of the fact that the news heretofore furnished to the Chicago Tribune and other Western papers by tbc New York Associa tion has not been one fifth of the Associated Press reports received and published by the New York papers. The press report from Washington alone to the New York morning papers during the sessions of Congress, will average nearly a page each day—some days two or more pages —rarely as little as half a page. But of this long despatch averaging perhaps 10,(WO words per day, there was sent to tbc Western press a mangled driblet, or barren *y nopals of half a column per day. And ibis mi-era. blc apology for a despatch c -nstiuited the New York Associated l‘re.-s report furnished to the Western press. They kept the cream and sold the skim milk to the Western papers. Tbc same practice prevailed In respect of all other news of importance, obtained by that Association. Tbc New York papers would take full reports for themselves, and send tbc Western press but a mere skeleton. But in tbc iaec of these notorious facts; the New York Tribune has the hardihood to say “ that the new which costs tbo Chicago Tribune $«0 per week, costs the New York Tribune $500.” The leading Western papers were obliged to open n news nccncp In New York some v “ 3 , Cllre , nK °,' „ to '“H'lcmcnt Ike New York Associated Press reports sent to them, which has furnished them 1,500 to 2 000 words per day, of extra report, at a cost of .-100 per week. And the dallies of Chicago Cincinnati, St. Louis, Cleveland and Pitts' l.urch, have. In addition to the New York ikhu-mllk report, and the extra despatch special despatches. The t *° m I*atches published by the deS ’ «» P»»t ycZ them, have cost this paper SIS e^^ l r ,n^ W,!,,ern r T ™ 'V 0 “ taTß * Portion of their heavy expense (or specials In con«eoncnce of the meagre and inferior fragmen? ofThe New them 1“° C ' at f d Prc “ «•». farnlshod to a selfish monopoly which Si?* t, ’ C VTCBB of other the apalcheef whiUt tWw° nopollzod the lion’s share of the same. This one-sided partnership Is now dissolved. The .Western Press hereafter will procure and pay for their own general nows, and enjoy the benefit of the same without bavin" it first skimmed by the New York Press pang. The Approaching Political Campaign in New Hampshire, The Republican Stale Central Committee for New Hampshire have issued a circular to the Republican voters of the State, in which they urge the necessity of a thorough or gauization in every School District, and the election of men who arc willing to work and sacrifice some time for the good of the cause. They say: ‘‘New Hampshire will he the first to speak in 1867, and the anxious eyes of the loyal men all over the country will lie tuned toward her, and what report we shall give the country and the world remains for yon to say. Wo must show that neither enemies without nor traitors within can impede the procress ol oar cherished princi ples. Onr Congress has taken a bold stand to reconstruct the Government on a sound basis, and have foiled the foul policy oi the Administration, 'i he next Congress is pledged to do the same. The loyal men all over the country stand by Con gress. We shall he called upon next March to render onr verdict. For whom shall that verdict be given, for Concrete or the F/csi.'ent? Wefeel erne in eayincit will be for Congress. Xct no time then be lost, for each onehas a duty himself to iH tfi rm which he can delegate to i.o other. let that duty be conscientiously and well done, and we will be satisfied with the result." How Kcwn in Blade* A Washington despatch of Monday, De cember 4, reads os follows : WasnnfOTON. December 4. The French Minister lakes exception to tbe language of the President’s message, speaking of the conduct ol the Emperor Na poli ou iu not complying «ith his agreement to withdraw the French troops from Mexico, and Is preparing :i sharp letter to Secretary Seward on the subject. The Chicago papers of Tuesday, December slh, In which the foregoing despatch was printed, contained also the following: PiiBSoXAL.— The Marquis de Montholon, Minister to the United Slates from France; Roron Portalis, French Legation, Washing ton ; Miss Lucille Western and troupe, ar rived at the Tremont House yesterday. As the lust publication was true, the first lucks some of the essentials of a sensation. FROM MILWAUKEE, Telegraphic Competition Lectures The court Douse- National A>ylum for MlNabled Soldiers—ltn><tne««-'f]ic Wheal Crop—The hlllcofiloldcrß—The President’* inc**age—Congrej**, [Correspondence Chicago Tribune.] Milwaukee, Decembers, 1863, TELEGRAPHIC competition. The establishment of a new News Associa tion. in so fur as it tends to break up the old monopoly, and improve the quality and liefchnesß of news furnished the press, is matter of general rejoicing. There Is great need of reform lu this respect. Much that has hitherto been sent over the lines by tbc Associated Press, os news, has been contra dicted the next day. Much of it, too, has been frivolous or worthless gossip, in which the pnblic felt no interest; and too much of It bas been devoted to advertising some body's private business, or promoting the in terests of individuals. The refusal of the New York press, composing the old Asso ciation, to permit the press to take their news, on paying for it, unless they would de cline to take news from another agency, was a piece of dictation to which, 1 hope, the press of the country will not submit. Let there be free competition for news, as for everything else. Craig’s agency, I think, will do the public a service. LECTURES, AC, We have had a surfeit of lectures and con certs here recently. Last week Monday Miss Anna Dickinson presented “Rejected Slone” to a good bouse. Then the Hutchin son's (tribe of John) announced two con certs, and gave one. Thanksgiving evening, Cough attmcled a great crowd to bis lecture on “Curiosity.” Friday evening be had nearly half a house to bear bis lecture on “ London”; and Monday evening, of this week, he delivered his “Temperance” lee ture —lor I know not the how many thou satidlh time—to a very .small audience. The truth is, it takes a man of greater genius than Gough cveu to make a lemiterance lec ture last over twenty years, and keep it ail the while a* good and as I'rcs-U a* new ; and if he had not the good taste to select the choicest gems from tbe best temperance writers and orators, and rare skill in appro priation, assimilation and representation, be could not succeed as well as he does. THE COURT HOUSE and jail here Imre been a disgrace to drill* zalion for many years, and the chief obstacle to building new cues has been the inability to agree upon any site. This ditliculty has, at length, been overcome, and the board of Supervisors, at their last meeting, fixed the site in the Fourth Ward, west of the river, much to t lie dissatisfaction of cast-siders. We shall non have a Court House where jus tice u>ay reign, and a jail which criminals may prefer to the gallows. NATIONAL AsYLfM FOR OlS.Ull.En SOLDIERS. The United States Commissioners to lo cate the National Asylum for disabled sol diers here, meet to-morrow at Washington, and U is hoped that they will agree upon some point. Thirteen ditfereot proposals have been made to them by parties anxious to dispose of their title to Uncle Sam, so lhai the margin of choice is a wide one. Our Surgeon General, Dr. E. B. Wolcott, Is In the interests of the The Commissioners have looked over the ground themselves, and will have the data tor making a just decision. BUSINESS has been unusually good the past fall, hero, though just now it Is becoming a Utile dull. Our best houses have sold twenty.fivc per cent more goods than last year, up to this time. But there is an apprehension of dull er sales next spring. Money is in fair sup ply, and good names command all they want. Our largest houses borrow at seven *er ccul, and ordinary ones at teu per cent, ’uper for discount is pretty closely scruti nized. There has been no light-reefing yet, hut there arc signs of pro pa ration for taking in sail, if the horizon should be overcast at no distant day. THE WHEAT CROP. There is much difference of opinion in re gard to the amount of the wheat cron yet to be marketed in this Stale. Ordinarily, the estimate here is that oue-third of the crop is uuiktied before the close of naviga tion; one-third between that time and the opening of navigation In the spring, and the remaining third between that time and the receipt o! the new crop. But the high price of wheat the past fall has called out an unusual share—some estimate one-half—of the crop, at this early period. But I think two-fifths a fair estimate. Up to the Ist instant about eleven hundred thous and bushels more had been received at this port, than for the same time—eleven months of last year, And the price has ranged so high that the value of this year’s wheat crop, iu the market, will fuliv equal. If not exceed, that of last Tear- We have three grades of wheal—Nos. 1, 3 and 3—besides rejected wheat, and the price of rejected, m market, for the month of October, this year, equalled the price ot No. 1 wheat lor the tame mouth lastycar! The receipts lor eleven mouths have been not quite thir teen millions of bushels. This amount in clude- only what has been received by rail, but docs not include flour nor wheat re ccived by teams. the orriCE.noLDEns qf the bread-and-hnltcr stripe—and we have few others here—are shaking iu tbcirjhhocs at their anticipated rejection by the Senate, and in their de-pair are running about with petitions, begging their Republican friends to save them. After uniting with Copper heads to overthrow the Republican party, and fading in the effort, they now ask those whom thev have betrayed to honor and re ward them. The coolness of their impudence equals the incuuness of their trcachcrv. Benedict Arnold, after his treason was feus noted, did not ask General Washington to give him u command In the army. He was glad to get out of the county with a whole skin. The breadand-outtcr conspirators against the life of the Republican (tarty, "ho have been “swinging|round the cir cle” with Andy, may how swing back into private life, and seek consolation among their friends, the defeated Copperheads. TUE MCSSVGE. The President’s Message is regarded here as a failure. It twopo.-cs nothing, except that Congress shall sanction his usurpations. Your characterization of it speaks the gen eral sentiment In regard to u. The people have Ignored him, and be ignores the people. If he can gel along without them, they cer tainly can without him. CONGRESS lias taken hold of the work of appropriate legislation in earnest. Let it complete the work laid out in the Congressional caucus, and foreshadowed by Speaker Colfax’s speech at the banquet, and all true lovers of Freedom, and of a republican Government, will respond. Well douc, good and faithful sonant*. Vox. FROM MADISON. Trouble* nmonu the Firemen—AH the Slate OiQccr* Ab«cal-Uon. B. p, Hopkins. (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Madison, Wig., Decembers. The management of the s’cam fire engine re cently purchased by this city prove* an element of discord among the firemen. Engine Company No. 2, composed almost entirely of Germans, held a meeting last night and passed resolutions strongly censoring the Common Connell for re fusing (o entrust the steam engine to their care, and declaring their determination to disband. They had a final parade this p, m., and turned over their machtne to th- city. A now company is forming to »ake Its place. All state officers, for various reasons, arc ab sent from the diy. Uon.B. F. Hopkins, Congressman elect, leaves for th- East to-night, to be gone some weeks vis iting Washington and other points. TILE hEW YORK PRESS GANG Relations of the New York Asso ciated Press and the Western Associated Press. IMTOKTAKT LETTER from M. HAL STEAD, ESQ. Mceltac ,0 bo Cltleaeo on too To Ibe Weriem A-eocialed Pretw • made rc cardin B the particular!! of the procceainTS of the Execu- Prr, ‘l m ?.“ t ?. or “e Woetera A.recWed the Press of Tlio Vr connection between s',: t 7'„ 8 °f '7." <»« “"'I the New York As nati ou Monday evening and Tuesday morn ing, November 10 and 20, to take into consid eration the apparent opportunity In New Toik to improve our arrangements for ob taining news by telegraph. It was determined that thcExecutivc Com mittee should visit NewTork unembarrassed by arbitrary instructions, and take advan tage of the situation to effect the reform of certain grievances, long and patiently en dured by the publishers of Western news papers. The princ’pal complaint was that all news and market reports throughout the country were made up to suit the New York demand, and that, while we paid a large proportion of the cost of collecting news for the Asso ciated Press of New York, our convenience was not consulted, or onr wishes in any de gree respected in its distribution. This, of coarse, we all recognized as the natural re sult of the irresponsible monopoly for many years established in New York. Upon Mr. D. n. Craig, the agent of the New York Association from tbe commence ment of Its potency, public opinion visited the larger share of the odium attaching to the management of that Association, and it is proper to say that when going to New York my impressions were muavorable to him, and my expectation was that the exist ence of his news agency would be useful only so far as it might enable ns to make better terms with the New York Associated Press. Mr. C. D. Brigham, managing editor of tbe Pittsburgh Commercial and a member of the Executive Committee, found, upon returning borne from tbe meeting of the Board of Direc tors in this city, that it would be extremely inconvenient for him to go to New York, aod wrote to Mr. Horace White, managing editor of the Chicago Tribune, who bad been added to the committee by authority of a resolution adopted by the Board, to serve the Western Press Association in his place. Mr. White and myself arrived In New York on the 2fith November, and found persons connected with the newspapers, both within and without Hie old “nows ring," taking a lively interest in tbc business that we had In hand; and our acknowledgments arc due for the great personal kindness with which we were treated by gentlemen to whose policy we presently became antagonists. We bad an interview with the representa tive men of the New York Associated Press on the afternoon of our arrival. There were present Mr. Sinclair, publisher of the Tribune , Mr. Jones, business manager of the Times, Mr. Prime, editorof the Journal of Commerce, Mr. Beach, manager of the Sun , and Mr. Mar ble of the IVorW. Mr. Brooks of the Express, was absent laboring with the New York State press. Mr. James Gordon Bennett, jr., who Is the reputed wearer of hla father’s big shoes In the Herald office, was, we were in formed, engaged in putting bis yacht Rebecca in trim for a race across the Atlantic, an oc cupation that in his mind tar transcends the duties that devolved upon him In running the Herald. The first proposition we made was that the Western Associated Press would take charge Of the collodion of nows In tbc West, bearing all expenses in their own territory, and send to the New York papers a news report from the point within our lines nearest and most convenient to them; and that-we should receive from them in exchange for Western news the Eastern and seaboard news, making special arrai.gcmenta for European, Washington and Pacific Coast despatches, we agreeing to pay an equitable proportion of the cost of the same. Wo were informed at once that this proposition “ could not be considered.” Why not? Simply because Us consideration would imply that the Western Associated Press was to be treated with by the New York Association ns an equal; and that, in the view of the New York gentle men, would be un intolerable humiliation to them. We did not break off negotiations with the New York Association at this point, but had another meeting with that body in tbc Tribune office, Mr. Manton Marble, of tbe ÜbrW, absent, and Mr. Erostus Brooks, of tbc Expire**, present. It was stoutly urged upon us that tbc essential thing to be accom plished was the unity of tbc press of tbc country, and that the New York Association being engaged in tbo business of collecting and selling news, and proposing to remain in it permanently, could sell us just the article we wanted. In return, we assented to the suggestion that il would be well for the press to be milted, provided all parties interested could be represented in tbc organization. We were not In favor of unity at tbo espouse of the continued centralization of authority in the proprietors of seven New York newspa pers. What we asked was a republican form of government, to manage our own affairs in our own territory. Tbc time had come, In our judgment, when the New York Associ ated Press could be fairly said to have out lived Us usefulness, and when it should be merged into an association comprehending the active intelligence and enterprise enlist ed in Journalism throughout the country. We told the gentlemen of the New York As invcstea m ine newspaper business, as well as more profitable Investments, than they did. This perhaps was not a remarkably modest statement, and we will hare to de pend upon its strict truth for justification In making it. The gentlemen of the Associa tion would not give any consideration to our revolutionary ideas. They believed them selves In possession of great power, and pro posed to hold it. The condition of the unity of the Press was that they only should man* age it. A third meeting with the Association was had; and We submitted a proposition that we wonld take the report known In the West as the “Regular Report” from the Associa tion, and appoint an agent la New York who should collect news from all accessible sources and transmit it to us. The Associa tion then resolved that it would permit no newspaper accepting its news to obtain In telligence from any rival association. Wo asked tbc question whether that rule would be so rigidly construed, that If we accepted their news, and an agent of onra bought an Item of Craig, and sent it to ns, our news supply would be cut off by them. The answer was promptly in the affirmative. So it appeared not only that there remain ed in the New York Association after Mr. Craig’s connection with It ceased, the old and well-known despotic exclusiveucss and intolerance, but that there had been added a hitherto unknown and most offensive stu pidity. As to ftirnishlng the Western papers any number ol words of news wanted, from any point, ot any hour of the day or night, we found the New York Association disposed to be accommodating, but regarding that branch of our business the managers of the telegraph were the real authorities. The Associated Press of New York had nothing more to do with the management of the tele graph than wepiad; and this fact,’we trust, will allay the apprehensions of some of our sensitive friends, who have feared that If they ventured to offend the New York Asso ciated Press, they should be cut off sud denly, and that without remedy, from all earthly intelligence. Il is not the fault of the New York Asso ciation, however, that they have not the whole press of the country in their grasp, for they have labored with singular assiduity to contract with the telegraph company to de liver us into their bands forever. Persons in formed in mattersof New York journalism are aware that the special despatches from all points, with the exception of Albany and Washington, forwarded to members of the Association, are manifolded and sent to them all, each being at liberty to take the des patches by paying a part of its cost. Thus the expense ot the special despatches Is di vided among seven papers ; and the Associ ation has a contract with tbc American Tel egraph Company that compels any newspa per on Its lines outside of New York, to pay as much per word for a special despatch as the combined press of New York City pay. This rule they sought to extend over the Western Union Lines, that the Western, like the Eastern, press might be incapable of enterprise In gathering news competing with New York ; and they claim that the consol idation of the telegraph companies already extends this role over os, and that anyone Western paper must pay as much for Its news by special telegrams os all the New York papers pay for the same quantity of words. This, too, when it has been the policy of tbc leading members of the Asso ciation to keep up the prices of special tele graphing that they might monopolize the business. Their claim, however, that their contract with the American Company Is, by virtue of its consolidation with the Western Union, extended over the lines of the latter, cannot be substantiated. The extent of the nice sense of propriety and enlarged liberality claimed in bchall of the New York Association by themselves, will be seen in a perfectly transparent atmos. pberc, Id the fact that tUsaoclation pro posed to and urged {tpo(he managers of the Union Telegraph, ;la| certain advan tageous contracts weetven them, they would agree that any oinapcr taking news of the Association, tbanrbt receive a des patch over any rival lb <7telegraph, that Is or may be erected, pud pay iae Union line at regular corserclal rates for the despatch taken over fc rival linn and fall log to do that should > refused tb: news of the Associated Press. Now, Mr. Craig has,t least so far as the Western lines are conened, equal facilities with the New York Asoclatcd Press. The most experienced ant efficient of the old telearaph news men fpn Liverpool to New Orleans, arc with bin. If he is the great rascal members of the mw York Association say he Is, It would do!t?s discredit to their sagacity if they had foiad him out before he had been for eighteen years their confidential W&sV,fiflturaaceat. efficient machinery in land for the collec tion and diffusion of tbenews of the world, while his quiet, vigilant, methodical ways of doing business gave is a measure of con fidence In his competency much greatertban we could entertain for hfe competitor, whose excitement was painfd to witness. We found Mr- Craig seeking what we suppose may be termed bis revenge on the Associa ted Press, and offering tie only opportunity wc have ever had, and Ihe only one likely to he presented us, ofcstabi-hlngcoatTETixioN in news-gathering In Nev York. He offers, and I have h my possession his written agreement, to snrender all the fa cilities of his office and organization, of every sort, to the press of the country, the moment it is organized, tc employ them to compete with the New fork Association. He proposed to turn them vrer at once, and act as agent of the Western,as ho had for the New York Associated Press; but we conld not accept this offer without assuming re sponsibilities greater than bad been antici pated when our Board of Directors met in Cincinnati. Alter our mild proposal to take the re ports of the Associated Press, reserving the right to obtain additional news in other quarters, had been so sharply rejected, wc asked twenty-four hours lor further consider alion. Duringthis time a despatch from Mr. Clapp, of Buffalo, the President of the New York State Press Association, was received, sajinß: “A majority of our Executive Committee re quest that our aventabo pinalitcd to Bead out eldenuws until our meeting Tuesday.” Mr. Simonton replied: 44 Our Executive Commlf-ee decide U can’t be done; that would yield the Thole point at issue.” The whole point at Isste is here distinctly assumed to be whether tie New York Asso elated Press should obtain the control of the news of the continent; and we saw it was a clear case that if Craig were crushed out, the old despotism, of whose heavy band the press of the country has had unpleasant ex periences, would be fixed upon us per* manently. At our appointed meeting with the Boar of the Associated Press, on Wednesday, the 2StU of November, Ihad the satisfaction of telling those gentlemen that, having made the roost thorough examination of the situ* ation that we could make, wc bad decided that it would best so-ve the interests of the Western Press wc represented, to aid in the establishment of anopposition in the news business in New Ytrk, and that we were ready to supply curatives with news without any farther assistance from them. Having stated the ?asc in this form, we re tired from the Associated Press rooms*, and the gentlemen of the Association proceeded to indulge In a lengthy and animated de bate. Up to that mcmcut they had not af fected to dispute ouranthorlty to act for the Western Associated Press, and wc had re peatedly asserted our representative charac ter- Then they came to the conclusion to attempt to punish us os individuals, and absurdly passed a resolution to deny the use or the Aesociotca Press news iwnicn wo had just told them the whole Western Press did not require any longer.) to the Cincinnati Commercial and Chicago Tribune. And in sending over the wires the sorry fabrication that wc had been dismissed, they added to it the arrant falsification that wo had striven to make arrangements with them to the special advantage of the three most considerable Western cities—St. Louis, Chi cago and Cincinnati—at the expense of the smaller Western towns. This part of their proclamation was redeemed from the stolid imbecility of the story tbss wc bad been dis missed from the New York Association, by the malicious perversion of a fact ip .-a man ner somewhat ingenious. The pretension that tbo New York papers interfered to prevent the oppression of the papers of the smallcrWcstem to wns is not only totally destitute of truth* but of reason also. The Associated Press was willing to sell us news in quantities to suit ns. Wc had no quarrel about that. They were as ready to sell twenty thousand words per day as four thousand. And tbatwosall they wouldhavc Lad to do with it. One trouble with them is, they have not been quite convinced that they arc not masters of the telegraph—that they have not the exclusive right to the use of i Icetrlcity in sending hformntion about the world. We did talk unreservedly of the common interests and advantages of the great West ern triangle of cities, and said to the New York Associates that, if we had nothing to do but to deal for those cities, our task would be comparatively an casy.'one, for we could, at very moderate rates, provide for tele graphing to them all the news matter we wanted in that way, and could entirely avoid duplications and the weariness of ex tremely late hours. The most embarrassing circumstance In our interview with the au thorities in matters of telegraphing, was the necessity in the West of obtaining two re-. ports, and arningiugthat the papers of Fitts* burgh, Wheeling, Cleveland, Detroit, Toledo, Indianapolis, Louisville and Milwaukee, as well ns St. Lonis, Chicago and Cincinnati, report','ll they wcrc‘*ablc 16 pay for itV~W6 stated with perfect distinctness, that, os we were representing the Western Associated Press as a body, we would endeavor to do so in pood faith, and for that reason, and no other, we would not attempt to initiate ne gotiations for the exclusive beneflt of the three cities. This could bo proven clearly and fully by individual members of the Board, if It were thought worth while to ap peal to them. The telegraph wires concentrate at Cin cinnati, St- Louis and Chicago, and there are so many o! them that some can be employed in the transmission of news at any boor. The papers of those cities can take a report as full as the New York papers have, or have ever had, of any important intelligence, and publish It simultaneously with its ap pearance in New York, without extravagant cost. It is the distribution of news to the smaller points by telegraph, that is incon* venient, and. In proportion, expensive. It was ascertained that if the journals of the large cities of the West should with draw from partnership in news getting with those of the smaller places, and taking a full, direct report from New York, decline to take the brief, regular report that is now generally disseminated, it was likely that many of the papers of the inferior towns would not be able to pay for their reports. The larger towns, I am well persuaded, pay much more than the fair proportion of the cost of the news despatches. Acting for the whole Associated Press of the West, we could not attempt to adjust this matter; but 1 think it of consequence, as an agita tion has been initiated, that the exact, truth should be made kuown. If any arc Incredu lous os to my statements in this regard, it is only necessary to consult any competent telegraph authority to have them verified. There is a contract with the Western Union Telegraph Company for the trans mission of two thousand words per day, of news from Buffalo westward, over the coun try west of Cleveland and Pittsburgh, and including Wheeling and Louisville. This contract, it should be remarked, is not with the New York Associated Press. We simply look two thousand words per day at Buffalo of the despatches they furnished the New York State Press. The contract with the Telegraph Company we left undisturbed; and the words to be sent we took from Mr. Craig instead of the New York Association. Under the contract for the transmission of the midnight report to certain Western towns of the larger class, there was author ity to increase the quantity taken from fif teen hundred to two thousand words, at proportionate increase of cost; and we or dered the five hundred words to be added. As to contracts with the New York Associa ted Press that are binding, that organization refuses Us news instantly to all papers that take Craig's despatches, and we suppose the papers have the same right to refuse to take its news because the taking is coupled with such arbitrary regulations. Besides, the con nection between the New York Associated Press and the Western Associated Press was formally dissolved, both parties consenting to it, ond the pretended expulsion of two papers of the Western Association was a foolish afterthought. There is but one regular report seat Wes from Buffalo, and that Is prepared by Mr. Craig. The telegraph managers recognize the fact and act upon U, and will charge the papers that take Slmonton’s despatches for them at the usual special ratSs, and if they do not pay.for these despatches the New York Associated Press must do so. The cost of Simonton’s despatches to scattering pa pers In the West that may take them will be, I believe, nearly ten times that of the regu lar report. The remedy for the lateness, incongruity and repetition of despatches so much com plained of under the recent system, Is sim ply to stop at once and altogether taking despatches by the way of Buffalo, and hare all reports of Eastern news direct from New York. It would cost a little more to set the news stralcbt Irom New York, hut the re muneration in better time, and greater ac | curacy, and the avoidance of mixtures and duplications now so annoying, would be am ple. I learn that 1,200 words per day, direct 1 from New York, will cost as much as 2,000 words do sent from Buffalo; and I am con vinced there would be more news adapted to the Western demand In l,00i) words from INew York direct, than In 2,000 picked oat of the New York Stale report at Baflalo ; and besides this would be the great advantage gained In time. I venture to recommend the Immediate and complete organization of the Press In each city and town In the West. The pre vailing Informalities hitherto permitted in the associations of the local press, should no longer be tolerated. It is proposed there should be a general meeting of the Western Press held before the holidays, and I pre- I wsAti'-gtrmv, m ] efficiently represented. Active and iollncntlal gentlemen connected with the Press in the Southwest and along the Atlantic seaboard, in the iliddle States and New England, are urging the formation of associations like that which we have in the West, or, rather, like that which we roust make our Western organization. Re sponsible newspaper men should engage In this work without delay, that a Convention of the Boards of Directors of the several Associations may be held in New York, not later than the middle of January, to organize I an association, in which all sections of the country will be equally interested and equit ably represented, and accept Mr. Craig’s I offer to place in the hands of the ontside press the facilities of bis office. Sir. Craig is a man of large means—acquir ed through the rise and expansion of tele graph stock, and not by robbing New York papers of the money they never spent—for they are habitually guilty of a ludicrous ex aggeration of their expenditure—and he has no special ambition to continue in the news business. His quarrel is our opportunity. When be takes his revenge by establishing a competition with the old monopoly, we will have justice. That competition will be es tablished beyond a contingency, when the Press of the country is organized for the oc casion ; and then It can continue Mr. Craig as New York Agent, if that seems desirable, or employ a better man. If one can be found. Instead of being subordinate to the New York Press, wc will be masters of the situation. The best men in the New York journals confess both the evils and the frailties of the old Association, which they freely denounce, not only as a despotism, bat as a humbug, and one which injuriously affects themselves as well as others. The present is the time for the building up of a competition, iu the great metropolis of the country, in the col lection and distribution of news—a competi tion that would promote every legitimate in terest of journalism, und prove of immense service in every business centre of the coun try, in promoting the early diffusion of re iable Intelligence. M. Halstead. Ciscutcazi, December 4,ISGC. meeting Called* Detboit, December 4, To tbe Press of Chicago, Si. bonis, Pittsburgh, l.onMille, Indianapolis, Sprlngfbld, Jllhvaa nee and St. Paul: A special meeting of the Western Asso ciated Press will be held in Chicago, on Wednesday, December 12, at 12 o’clock, noon. All publishers of daily papers in the West arc invited to attend. n. 51. Walker, President Western Associated Press. HIO3L EUROPE. Oiir Loudon Letter. LawPeformß In Engl and* and tbo New Ifork Code—Tbe English Universities —merits and Demerits of Oxford and c , onibiidi;r Public Honor* in Eng* land—Ecclesiastical Troubles-Is tbo Cbnrcb In Danger}—Tbe Jamaican Committee* {Coueapondcucc of tbe Chicago Tribune.) London, November 14,18G6. LAW REFORM JK ENGLAND, AND THE NEW YORK CODE. sfr. Dudley Field is again receiving com pliments from the lawyers of England. He visited us some sixteen years ago, and told us about the New York code, and our legis lators listened to him and declared they rcallv would set to work and give their conn try a cheap and simple system of law, —bn* on lecturing to our barristers last Monday night Mr. Field found us very much In our old position. The amount of interested and bigoted resistance has been too much for the relurmcrs. And yet, Heaven knows how great Is our want ofa better code of procedure. The desire for cheap and good law is not confined to the mercantile man, but ex tends to every class. The mortgagor, the mortgagee, the trustee, the vendor, the pur chaser, the landlord, the tenant, the partner, all have a direct and practical interest in the facts debated by Mr. Field on slonday. As things are, too, the mode of professional pay, which lies at the bottom of the code, is so contrived as to make the lawyer spin out everything into long verbose statements and to multiply the steps as much as possi ble. He is paid nothing for what really costs him trouble, and compensated by a large pay for what costs him none, and for what a copyist writes for him. The State, so far from correcting the abuse, compels this mode of pay by law. It denies all free trade here; It imposes n tariff of prices; appoints officers to see that it is adhered to. and makes void, and even criminal, barguinsbetween the lawyer and his client for a different system

of remuneration. This tariff was enforced when It was thought wise to have an assize on bread. It still continues in force as to all the articles the lawyer sells. After Mr. Field’s lecture on Monday, there was a discussion in which slr. Robt. Lowe, 51. P., took part. lie said that the late Mr. Justice Manic used to say that there were two objections to having a code—one, that no one In the world could make a code, and an- OJLhyr c Jb/U. jK..‘TqaljaaPA*«J?epi?l9 thought afforded an answer to both these objections He himself had had three experiences of cod ification ; one in the case of the Limited Lia bility Act, n measure containing 110 clauses, which passed both houses of Parliament with out a single hostile amendment; another in regard to the revised code issued bv the De partment of Education, which was at least a quasi code, in which by rc-arrangcment the adoption of definitions and other measures which fcUggcstcd themselves to persons on gaged in codification, it was found possible to reduce the regulations from 250 clauses to ISO; and the third, which was still going on in his character of one of the commissioners to whom bad been entrusted tbe task of preparing a code of laws for India. In this work they had made some progress. Codes of civil and criminal procedure had already been introduced, and bad both worked well, and they arc now applying themselves to make a code of law. They had prepared law? relating to succession in cases both of testacy and intestacy, and regulating all the principal matters of contract. and were now proceeding to deal with the law relating to bills of exchange. In their work they bad been much assisted by tbe result of the la borsofthc New York Commissioners, and on bis own behalf, and, what was more impor tant. on that of bis colleagues, he tendered bis tlianks to slr. Field and bis coadjutors. The question whether we could have a code in thi-i country could not be solved by a priori reasoning, but only by trying the ex periment, and whatever the'experiment cost it was well worth trying. THE ENGLISH UNIVERSITIES. A good deal of discussion has taken place lately in tbe English press relative to the causes lor the strong conservative feeling which exist? at our two great Universities,— Oxfotd and Cambridge. You know that the vouth&at those scats of learning arc always in favor of reactionary ideas at home and abroad. The anihor of the Fugitive Slave Law, slr. 51ason, found no welcome in Europe so warm os that which was given him at Ox ford. Ex-Governor Eyre would be only less popular than Provost slarshal Ramsay, and 1 dare say even the late Captain Wlrtz would have found there a knot of admirers. A far more important subject than tbe passing fancies of these young men Is the abuses of the Universi ties themselves; abuses going to the very root of their existence. Onr writers are aware, I suppose, that with the present nu n-formed House of Commons there is no chance for effecting any further changes, and so they adjourn even the consideration of the University system until the representation of tbe people is made more complete and a power developed against which the two Univenities will find it Impossible to con tend. Though, however, this is tbe case, 1 think those in America who arc interested in tbe progress of England may like to know how wc stand in a question so vitally concerning the highest interests of onr people. Tut* University of Oxford Is a kind of con federation of twenty -one colleges, each gov erned by its own statutes, and existing upon ftinds derived from the endo’vment ot Its founder; and many of them are so rich that they arc literally at a loss what to do with their money. 4, New College,” for instance, has a revenue of £20,000 a year, and the sfagdalcnc College revenues arc no less a sum than £35.000 per annum. The latter college bas called in arcbitects.and painters, and builders to help it spend its money, but is nevertheless, often pazzlcd how to dispose of It. All the colleges possess like revenues derived from similar sources, viz.: charita ble bequests lor the education and support of poor students. Even where the word poor Is not precisely expressed, that it most bare been meant is sufficiently obvious to all who have any knowledge of the middle ages, when most of these colleges were founded. In the noble bora of those days, erudition was considered a blot rather than as an or nament upon their escutcheons. Polished helmets and sharpened spcar-polnts stood in request far before active brains and pointed goose-quills- It is quite clear that these colleges with their scholarships and -fellow ships were established for the benefit of tho poor; but it is clearer still that they are now in the possession of the wealthy. In tbe middle ages, when the population of the country did not equal one-fonrth of its ex isting numbers, the number of Oxford stu dents was five times as great as it U at present; and this for the simple reason, that for the times the learning to be obtained was cheaper, larger in quan tity and better In quality than now. What I long to see see is a movement in England —and wc have it some day—for employ- in" the immense endowments to -which I have referred, in making instruction nearly gratuitous. We shall then have a shoot of practical utility, in the place of an insti tution for the production of dandies, ine (classics have still too large a share or the education at Oxford, and mathematics at Cambridge. lam often amazed at the ignor- i ance of modern history, for example, dla* played by undergraduates. Numbers of them who take high honors, could not give even a meagre description of the history and origin of the chief Slates of Europe, and as to America, they arc iu the darkness of a winter’s night. One way of carrying the universities to toe n asses would be to establish colleges amU aled with Oxford or Cambridge in all our great cities, with professors and lecturers ap pointed by the university. The youth ol the hulk of our mldcle classes might then have the benefit of university leaching without its costliness, aud at the same time be under heme influences. The examination for _ de forces might bt at the nnivers'ty, as, in these aavs, distance Is no object. The advantages of'unlvcrslty life are many; tut those who know the debauchery and extravagance ol the greater number of resident undergrade the niotiunlor waS^^fihl bitual use of slang terms is unworthy an I educSTcd Englishman,” As might be ex pected, this subject elicited a variety of speeches, some solemn, some jocose, some witty, some the reverse. On a division It appeared that twentv-three members were in favor ol “the foibftiial use of “slang terms.” while eleven only were of opinion that the “ habit is unworthy of an educated Englishman.” A uew college Is shortly to be established at Oxford, as a memorial to the late Rev. J. Kolle, the author of “The Christian Tear.” For this purpose some £30,000 has already been raised. It is intended more especially for students who propose entering the Church as clergymen. It is rather significant of what is expected that the trustees have provided in case of the relation of the University to the Church of England at any time so changing as to make the existence of Kcllc College at Ox ford undesirable, —should the wants of the Church be evidently better supplied at any future time by a College free from restraints which legislation may press upon Colleges at Oxford, —in this event the trustees have power to dispose of their building and re move the Institution elsewhere. PUBLIC HONORS IN ENGLAND. The Derby Government have made several new peers since their accession to office, and various baronetcies and knighthoods. A va riety of common-place men have been creat ed legislators for life, and their heirs after them. They receive these honors not for any services they have rendered to the coun try—l speak of the new peers—but that they may cement the oligarchial reign of a few powerful families. Who have been the bene factors of England during the last one hun dred years? Certainly not the peers. If we look for the authors of our industrial pros perity, we find them in each men as watt, Arkwright, Brindley and Stephenson. In physical service how much do wc not owe to Davy, Herschel, Faraday.—yet these never figured among the “knights of the garter.” For them the lowest recognition of all was reserved. In Intellectual philoso phy, what has been done to ennoble Stewart, Brown, Hartley or Mill? Yet our ruling class would do well to remember that their influence cannot be retained by the advan tages of birth and wealth alone. Lord Lytton was once favorable to an elective peerage, and to that possibly we shall come alter our Reform BUI fins smoothed the way. ECCLESIASTICAL ALARMS—-JS TUB CHURCH IX DANGER? The Church of England rears Us head amidst the shaken Institutions of Europe with an dr of security and strength which seems to lookers-on to speak exemption, even, from the thought of danger. Especially is It to be noted that it has. of lute years, received a new support from the showy, but somewhat treacherous, alliance of fashion. The Church of England being the church of the aristocracy, has just now the benefit of the icslhetlc religious sentiment which pre vails. Yet I believe that the labors of the earnest men who are striving to develop ex clusively Us anti-Protestant elements, are doing serious injury to the church, and Rome has yet to receive many converts whom Oxford Is preparing for* her. The High Church party, whose doings just now occupy so much of the space oT our journals, are also driving many to the other extreme. They have striven to make men believe that if they would not be Catholics, they must be infidels. Choose between the cheering security of the Apostolical sue ceslon, and the gloomy uncertainty of un belief. With many this reasoning has been effectual. But when the terror consequent upon the Identification of Protestantism with infidelity subsides, clearer heads begin to ask themselves whether, if Christianity did mean submission to priests, it can have any real claim to the reverence of men. Thus it happens that while the more timid spirits arc taking refuge in the bosom of the infallible Church, some of their holder companions arc beginning to do homage to Strauss as the latest champion of truth and the freedom of the human mind. Wc witness as yd, I am persuaded, but the beginning of tbe double movement. When the present fermentation of Ideas ha? reached a moreadvanced stage, I fear the accessions to Rome will appear few and trifling com pared with those that will be gained by infi delity. The celebrated Dr. Pusey bas a letter in ihe 2<mra of this morning, in which he makes known the following extraordinary facts concerning the practice of confession amongst the members of tbe Established Church ♦ 44 1 f we, clergy orpeople, think that It is good for onr socle to confe-t* our elns specifically, not only to God, but also to Bis minister, whatever you may think of oar wisdom in so doing, you would not dray as (he liberty of so doing. It is not h question of tbe liberty of the poopi.% not to con fess their sine, bat of the liberty of clergy and people to confess their alas, if they wish It. It is now above a quarter of a century since confession so much increased, it sprang not from the teach ing of the clergy, but from our consciences, whether rU rgy or people. (For 1 suppose that a larger pro.uordon of rletgy have need rontessioa. than oi tho laity; ami that no clergyman wonld receive confessions of other’s sins who did not alto confess his own.) What was taught tiOyian* tieo more s'rongly than before was the great oflenslvcnees and ingratitude of heavy sin, ucd a somewhat >tcro doctrine of repentance, the Praycr-hook. not we, tangbt confession. As a fact, the pracacc of confession was revived, while nut a word was said üboutahsolntion. The teaching followed the practice; and as it began, soil waecnntiuucd. The use of confession among us all—priests and pesple—ls very large. It per vades ever* rank, from the peer to Ihc artiste or the peasant. In the conrsc of tills q natter ofa century (to Instance my own experience, which I mnstknow\ 1 have t een applied to receive con fessions from persons in every rana, of every age, old as well as young, io every profession, even those yon wonld thin* least accessible to it, —army, navy, medicine, law.” THE JAMAICA COMMITTEE. The Jamaica Committee, I am glad to say, have obtained £5,000, the sum necessary to prosecute Mr. Eyre; and the refusal of the Jamaica planters to investigate oven the ease of that ruffian, Ramsay, has intensified the determination of the friends of human to taifnc V\vi-rie';'fßf , ijf,tos[ l .^,A t i s ;L cc a state of disappointment, arising from their loss of .Mr. Coleridge as their leading coun sel. It seems that the prosecution is in the eye of the lawa “conspiracy.” and conse quently Mr. Eyre contended that Mr. Coleridge had received no re taining fee at all, but that hi* (Mr. Lyre’s) must be accepted. The case was referred to the Attorney General, who decided for Mr. Eyre. I cannot believe, however, that the learned counsel will take any active part in the defence. If he does, the hollowness of a barrister’s conscience will be more proverbial than ever; for he has spoken very savagely against the ex-Gov ernor. Other counsel have been engaged, and no steps "111 be left untried to bring Mr. Gordon's murderer to account. <l. n. g. JOHN H. SURRATT. > His Arrest In tbc Ranks of the Papal Army—His Escape* [Florence (Nov. 14) Correspondence of London Post.] It is stated that J. 11. Snrratt (one of the persons charged with complicity in the assassination of the late President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln), has been serving for some time past in the Papal Zouaves, his company being quartered at Vetoli, one of the frontier towns of the Ap peuines, near Frosinoue. lie had assumed and was Known in his regiment bv the name of John Watson. Information of this fact having been communicated to General Rufus King,"the Minister of the United Stales at Rome, no time was lost by him in trans mitting the news to Ills Government, which straightway instructed the General to take suclTmcasurcs as might lead to the securing of Surratt, alios Watson. In compliance with his instructions, Gene ral King repaired to the Vat’cau, requested an audience of Cardinal AntonclH, ana asked Lis Eminence whether, in the cvcut of bis proving the identity of Surratt, the Papal Government would band him over to that of the United States. The Cardinal Secretary promised the General all the facilities in bis powjr. A few days after, on returning to the Vatican, General King was made ac quainted by Cardinal Antonelll with the measures he had taken. These were con tained in a series of telegraphic Instructions sent from Rome, with the corresponding tel egraphic replies from the local authorities of veroli and Velletrl. They recorded the order to arrest Surratt alias Watson; the suc cessive steps taken in compliance with the order; the actual arrest; the conveyance to prison ; the removal from prison under a guard of five soldiers of Ula company; but the series closed with the announcement that when thus led out, Surratt, alias Wat son, made a sudden dash from his guard, jumped over a precipice more than one hun dred feet high, and, though hotly pursued by fifty Zouaves, was enabled, from the fact of theli preferring a more circuitous route, to get clear across the frontier into Italian ter ritory. Tbc existing relations between the Italian. and Papal on oil, and more especially extra dition matters, are notoriously of such a character that it Is not likely Cardinal An tonelH has addressed any very urgent com munication to the Government ofTlorence, to assist in capturing the individual who evaded the vigilance of his own Zouaves; but of course General King lost no time in communicating the facts to his colleague at Florence, where tbc American Government is most honorably and efficiently represented by Mr. George P. Marsh, the philologist, to whom the present generation of English youth owe a lorgc debt of gratitude. Kin consequence of thejrepresentations Jdst made by Mr. Marsh to the Italian Govern ment, telegraphic instructions have been forwarded to the towns on the Papal fron tier, and to all the seaports of Italy, to re capture Watson alia* Surratt; bnt. If I am not exceedingly misinformed, the Italian Government, in declaring Its readiness to forward tbc great ends cf international jus tice, has Intimated that, even in the event of giving up Surratt alia* Watson, it will stipulate that his life be spared. At Cedar Fans, lowa, on Wednesday evening of last week, the friends of Eon. Peter Melendey, cx-Unlted States hlarsbsl, presented him a hand" some testimonial. In the shape of a splendid albnm, capable of containing two hundred card likereaecs, and 1G23 In greenbacks. After this ceremony was finished, the party, numbering some serentj-fire, partook of an elegant anpper. Alter the feast of fat things the *• flow of soar* was in order, and continued until '* early hoars.** THE MILITARY DEBABTMEST. U eports ol General C. S. Grant and Jjlcoienani-Gcnerai T. fine* - man. nrronr or annul o> #• obwt. UtABQVABtMW AlllCltS Of TUZ 1 UsrrsD Statss. „ 4 > WABUIHOTOS. NoTem>»«r2l.lSG6. > era- since my last report for i?.TS. the voian bjly'l'i? ?hc “p oft o°SS Adiu SS.-GC ,.cnll of lu which the Doited Smle. »“ £“V¥.?TmS «U«in«»t the acta of those who, as jet, will ac fcnowfcdce* no law but force. This class has mnnn ttbemnch smaller iban could bo ape«- K «h« mSi . coulllcl. UlutK-bowcTer 6eon eefbei sully tonnluuhlcto Justify'bo coukc which ’ifei h ,' , ?., , J£ “ of ficn hercMl‘h,formDinformation of thecoodiUotitu (be States and Tenltmies under their command, ibelastoftbese reports Is bnt tolsmome>itre ceived. lire time is passed when they should be in the bands ol the printer to prepare them for presentation to Congress on its assembling. To make a tall report 1 would have to tret my facts tront these reports, lima not pennUdu", 1 beg to refer them in lien of tbeir condensation Dy me. With the expiration of the rebellion, Indian hostfllllcs have onmnLhed. With a frontier con etazitlr extending and encroaching upon the bunt* Inc grounds of the Indian, hostilities, opposition, atlrsst, freqcently occur. To meet this, and to protect the emigrant on his war to the moon tain Territories, trt ops have been distributed to iHve the best protection with the means at hand. Few places are occupied hr mote than two, and many bv but a tingle company. These troops arc Ren* efally badly sheltered, and are supplied at great cost. During the past summer inspections were made by Generals Sherman, Pope, Ingalls, Sacbctt and Babcock, to determine the proper place to occnpy to give the best protection to ravel, and settlements, and to determine the most economical method of famishing supplies. The labor of potting op temporary quarters Is performed by the troops Intending to occupy them. In tbc course or the next season more poimancnt l andings will bare to be erected, however, which will email an expense for material at least. I would i c-'pectfmly suggest, therefore, that an appropriation for this special purpose oe asked. The permanent peace establishment being much larger ihati has own heretofore Divided for, an appropriation for building barracks, store-houses, Ac., to meet present wants, seems to he required. The reports of tbc brad- of the stall rieojnmeuta ol the armr, particularly that of the Quartermas ter General, ma> cover this point 1 wonlil respectfully suggest for the considera tion ol Congress the propriety of transferring tbc Ipdlait bureanfrom the interior to the War De pa;to cnl, and tbc abolition of Indian agencies, with the exception of a limited camber of inspec tors The reason for this ebauge seems to me both obvious and satisfactory. 1c would result in greater economv of expend tare, and. as 1 think, diminution-of conflict between the Indian and while races. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 0. i*. Grant, General. lion. E. Stanton, Secretary of War. retort or uxvtekant general w. t. shbrnan. ilrqne. Uixjtart division nr tux Mxssociu, { St. I octs, Mo.. November 5, l?S0. j General: On my retnm from n two montUs* tour on tbe Plains, 1 had (he honor to receive tbc le’terfromyonr headquarters of Octobers,:SCO, calling for a report of the operations of the troops of my command during tbe past year. Having, m tbe meantime, been called to Washington, and now again being under orders that will compel my departure to-morrow, 1 am forced to slight the tusk. Upon the close of tbe great war of the rebel lien, JttQC 27, IWS. tbe;wholc territory of tnc Uni ted * tales was divided Into live great military di visions, of which that entitled the Military Divi sion of the Missouri fell to my share, ll was composed of the Department of the oaio. Major Cieuoia* Ord commanding; the Department of the Missouri, M>.jor General John Pope com manding; and tie Department of Arkansas. Major General J. «J. Reynolds com manding. The flist business that demmded our attention was the rti?baurtrncut of (be vast armies that rad been formed In the war, and the redac tion of the depots of accumulated stores. This ptoercssed with great'apldlty mider the orders of the War Department; but still, on the Slet of Octob-r, 1565. there rema : nedln service 1,-157 com missioned officers. and -25,-187 enlisted men. They were composed of a small proportion of the old army, and of volunteers who had been enlisted for the war and who claimed thotr discharge; bnt they were stationed In remote districts where they conld not l*e teplacea during me winter season, and we had no regular troops available for that purpose. Mill the reduction of all Irregular uoops was pushed as fast as the season would permit, even at th« risk of public property; so that, by the 31st of October, the aggregate troops In the military division was reported 37S commissioned officers, and 13,931 enlisted men. By general orders of the war Department of August C, ISOt, an entire charge In the territorial commam.s was made. This military division be came that of the Missouri. Ihe department of the Ohio was taken out .entirely, and the territory lying w est of the Mlssirslupl ana cast or Utc Rocky Mountains was dMaed Into four depart ments, via; The Department of Dakota, Major General Terry commanding: Department of me Platte, Major General Cooke commanding: De partment of the Missouri, Major General Uancock commanding, and Department of the Arkansas, Major GtncralOrd commanding. This remains the case at this time, and as alt Irregular troops have been discharged, Ihave distributed the reg ular troops os follows: Department of Dakota: tho Tenth, Thirteenth, Twenty-second and 'thirty-first regiments of in fantry, and SOO Indian scouts. Department of the Platte: Battery C. Third Ar tillery, Second Regiment Cavalry, the Eighteenth, Twenty-Seventh and Thirty-sixtb regiments ot Infantry, and two hundred Indian scouts. Department of the Missoni 1: Battery B, Fourth Artillery, Third and Seventh Regiments of Cav alry, eight companies Tenth Cavalry (colored), the Tnlrd. Fifth, Thirty-Seventh, Thirty eighth (colored) Regiments of infantry, and 150 Indian scouts. Department ot the Arkansas: Battery B, Fifth Artillery, fonr companies Tenth Cavalry (col ored). Nineteenth and Twenty-Eighth Regiments ot Inlatitry, and flfiy Indian scouts. Tins distribution of troops was m deratherwhh a view vo the fttuuc than to (he Immediate condt doii of oflkirs, and when these regiments arc fnhy organized, armed, and instructed, 1 think they will secure the gencial po ice and security of tae country and of the national intcrc.-ts etrntste-l io my keeping. The act of Congress piovldtng the uc'v military peace establishment passed at so late a date that we could barely expect honew troops to he ready this year: but as much progress has been made in the enlistment amt organization of the Lew regiments as could have have been ex pected. In order to an understanding of the great mili tary problem to be solved, 1 must state in general terms that this military division embrace tbe vast region Horn the Mississippi River to tbe Rocky Mountains, of an average breadth (cast and west) of one thousand three hundred and fifty miles, and length (north and south) o! over one thousand miles, v tz: from the s< utb border of New Mexico to the Biiti-b line. On the east are the lertlle and rapidly Improving Slates of Minnesota, lowa, Mis sotirl and Arkansas, immediately on tbe west are the Territories and States of Dakota. Nebra-ka, hansas and the Indian territory. The land on the eastern border is teitilc ai d well adapted to settle ment ; bnt ibetr western pare are a vast pralnc, with good grasses but gvneta'Jy devoid of trees or minerals, arc subject to droughts, and are not In viting toe* tilers. N'cxt in order are tbe moun tainous Territories of Montana, Utah, Colorado and New Mexico, ccmpo-cd of high plateaus and mountains, containing minerals of every kind, with forests ot timber and numerous valleys sus ceptible of bleb cultivation, either by means of the ordinary raius, or the more certain system Of litigation that has been began within a recent Dcricd, and bae been pushed with an energv and encccfs that promises the best results. These new and mountain Territories present a most in nation, and arc iu my Judgment worthy the lib eral andfosterlngcareof tbe General Government. Between these mountain Territories and those of the rUvr border lie the great plain of Amer ica, which have been well mapped and described hy the hundreds of explorers that have traversed than from the time or the expeditions of IMkr, and Lewis and Clark, as early as 1603, 'Dill the present moment. These plains can never be cultivated like Illinois, never be filled with Inhabitant* capable of s<-lf-govcroment and self-defence as against Indians and maraud ers, hut at best can become a vast pastnrc-ficld, open and free to all lor the rearing ot vast herds ot horses, mules, cattle and sheep. The mono mtn Territories seem to be more rapidly improv ing and assuming a condition of self-protection aim defence, because the people can acimlre fixed habitations and their property is generally group ed in valleys of some extent, or in localulen of mines capable of sustaining a people etron" enough to guard themselves against the predatory bands of nomadic Indians, Mill tbev occupy at this time an isolated position, presenting a thinly settled frontier m every direction, with a restless people branching ont In search of a better place, or of better mines. To defend thorn perfectly Is an otter impossibility, and all we can do is to aid the people in self-defence, until in time they can lake care of themselves, and to make the roads by which they travel or bring thilr stores Irom the older parts of our conn try as safe as the case admits of. This brines me to the consideration of the Ques tion i f the Indians who. in nomadic and predato ry bands, infest tbe whore country described, sometimes Iu one place and then in another. These Indians arc universally, bv tbe people ot our frontier and of ont Uola'ed* Territories, re garded as hostile, and wc. the military, charged with a genera] protection of the infant settlement.} aud land routes of travel, have to dispose of our troops and act as though they were hostile; while by the laws of Congress, and the acta of our Exec utive authorities, these Indians are construed as ardor the guardianship and protection of the Gen eral Government, through civilian agents. This whole subject bas heretofore been so ably report ed on by General Pope and others, well qualified to judge, that 1 will not nere renew tbe discus sion. but merely state as the result of my own Judgment that tbe entire management of tbe Indians should be controlled by the mi liary authorities, and that the commanding officers ot tbe troops should have not only the surveillance of these Indians, bnt should super vise and control the disbursement of moneys and distribution of presents to tbe tribes nnder past and Tutor? treaties. Indians do not read, and only know ot our power and strength by wbst they see. and (bey always look to tbe man wbu commands soldiers a* the representative of onr Government. The complaints of short payment by (he agents are universal, and the Indians themselves would be more likely to receive the ample annuities ap propriated by Congress if the agents were re quired to make the semi-annual payments subject to the inspection and control of the military com menders, who. as a rule, are not eo liable to be corrupted bjkthc chances of gain and peculation as temporary appointees. The Indians who haw heretofore been located on reservations, each as tbe Wyandotte, r-bawnces, Pottawatomie*, Pawnees, Cherokee*. Choctaws, Creeks, etc., etc., have given little or no trouble the last year, and do not comewl tom onr super vision more than onr own people. But the wan dering fcious.who rove irom Minnesota to Mon tana, and down as far as tbe Arkansas, have done acts of predatory hostility almost Impossible to foresee orto prevent. In like manner the Arapa hoe* and Cheyennes, Kiowas, Comanchea aud Apaches, Na'ajocs and Utcs, though supposed to be restricted to reservation?, w:li not settle down, but they roam, according to their babbits, over the vast olatns, and they too hare done acts of hosrility.vthongh the old men and chief? of the tribes deny the a«s altogether, or charge them on their yonng men, wbo, when absent on the hunt, arc beyond tbeir control. 1 propose the coming year, (with your consent, and with that of the Secretary of the Interior, In whose control these Indians are supposed to be.) to restrict tbe Slonx north of toe Platte, weit of the Missouri River, and cast of tbe new road to Montana, whten starts from Laramie for Virginia City, by way of Forts Reno, Philip, Kearney, C. F. Smith. Ac. AD btoux found outside of these limits, without a written pass from some military commander, defining clearly tbeir object, would be dealt with sommsil’y. In like manner! should restrict the Arapahocs, Cheyennes, Comonches, Klowas, Apaches and Bavajoee south of :bo Ar kansas and cast of Fort Union. This would leave for our people exclusively the use of the wide belt, east and west, between the Plal'e and tbe Arkansas, in w hlch lie the two great railroads, and over which passes tbe bulk of travel to the mountain Territories- As long as these Indians can bunt the bufialo and antelope within the described limits we will have the depredations of last summer, and worse yet, tbe exaggerations of danger raised by our own people, often for a very base purpose. It Is our duty, and It shall be my study, to make the progress of construction of the great Pacific Railways that lay In this belt of country as safe as possible, as also to protect the stage and telegraph lines against any hostile bands, bnt they arc so long that to guard them pcrfecily Is an Impossibility, anles* we can restrict ihe Indians, as herem staled. I beg you will sub mit this proposition to the Honorable Secretary of the interior, that we may know that we do sot violate some one of the solemn trestles made with these Indians, who ore very captions, and to the very letter the execution on our part of those treaties, the obligation of which, they seem to comprehend perfectly. In the Department of Dakota I propose tha: General Terry shall make the MistcuriTUver a> SfJ^oboataMpossible, and that and protect the new route from 11 o tana, and afiord the stages travel that lone and exposed rouU all the assist “Sthe b the Pl.»t. 1 S^SSIS u-av that la under construction up the SsspC?«« ;ssr ,5? t.SfflWi'.ißssr ia£lc?hS is t,eCfS»aty to Montana, and innst b« fiuU!i-a *i.d tnufte ,n!« It is on Hits road that wo have encountescd most trouble J Indians hate hilled LltntePant J>a' nIeVS Eighteenth Irtautry, twenty-four and about twenty culteu* connected with trains. ai these dtaths must "be avt-oged next year, ». reason of the discharge of all volunteers, *na t*v late period at which we were provided a regular atmv. we were too weak to attempt it this year, and must do so the next. . 1 In the Depar'mtnr of the Missouri General i Hancock Is charged with the protection of the Smoky HIM and Arkansas routes, ard of the ex* ; «rl»iS J u<-tlli»npnt> •* «VtoT»«t<» bw3 >ew Mexico i'lSSff difficult problem He will, of 1 condnne to rive every assistance lothe I SSSffiStooT of the Union Pacific Railway, i ™ to Fort Riley, ana under contract ?or ;wS hundred and Any t miUa beyond; 5.V 3e will do all that Is possible to Duanes protect the settlements on the tri eastern base or Arkansas and atong the most impoitant In a mUraiV'mitalns. These are oat the promise of a country mat 'Mid they bold tially. and will'oonbe able to feed thonietnar* horses needed in that bitnerto desolate teuton at reatonabl-price*. Denver is already aa import ant city, and the valley* of the Cache-1 »*Pou-lre, Thcmpson's creek, Boulder, Fontaine-qnl-btrlle, Eite;fano and PorgaUdre already present beanti ful larms, and will, with assistance and pro tection, soon he able to defend themselves as I against any band of Indians likely to threaten them. But from all lean learn. >ew Mexico does not hula out the same hopes. It lias bes'i aetded longer than Ohio, and . yet remains poor and exposed, with but a ibln line of fields along the hanks of tr.e Rio Grande, liable at all times to be swept hr the inroads of the nomad Indiana that surround It. The whole Territory seems a pastoral land, bat not fit for cultivation. The mines undeveloped arc supposed to be very valuable, but as yet remain mostly In a stated nature. Wo have held this Territory since 19U3. twenty years, at a costno the Notional Treasury of full a bundled millions of dollars, and 1 doubt If U will ever reimburse to fhecoui.try a tithe of that sura, The entire population may be asanmed at a hundred thousand, and the minimum torce re- 3 ulred there will not tall short of two thousand vc hundred men. which should bo mostly of oav alty. Much oi the food consumed bymeu and hoises has to be banted over a thousand miles, at a cost of fiiiecn cents a pound, and the coat of every man will average Ji.OOO a >ear. General Coileton. who commands there, is thoroughly conversant with all its history and interests, and seems alive to his obligations to the General Government. With ihe consent of toe War De partment he has collected as prisoners ol war the no.«t*leNav?joe» and Apaches to the somber of 8,753 men, women, and children, on a reservation of fort* miles i-qnare, at .the Bosque Redondo, (Foil,'* and General Haines, my chief coai mls.-arv, repoila the cost of feedhg them alone at from sdt',o(-u to f«u,000 a month. This is done on the supposition that It cotti less to Iced than lL?ht them. In this connection 1 send herewith a most full and complete report by General Carlelon, ot dale October 17. ’.SCO, called lor by me daring my recent tour. I invite yuar special attention to the papers endorsed bv him, giving ihe abstracts of tee Indian scoots for the years ’Ss3and 1304; and I infer these fights have been much l:ss frequent since nc has collected Lr.c hostile Indians on the reserve. You will observe, also, that his calculation is that the Indians will soon be I self-supporting. I hope so, f r su’ely wo can -1 not ailo»d to iced them ar the present rate with out a-klup a j-pccial appropriation of Congress. 1 also heic subjoin the most valuable and compre hensive report of General Pope on the same mat -1 ter?, of date August 13, irCC, and think ‘hat bis j view? are emitted to very meat weight andcoa ! eidtraiion. I think these Navajoes and Apaches, theCheyerncs and Arapahoes, with the Kiowa?, could probably )>c got to reservations near the Cherokee? and Choctaw's; but between them and XVc Utes and the Sioux there is a traditional here ditary war that caucotbe reconciled in one gener ation. They will not live together; and. indeed, while by f. cdiug the Indians, we may keep some quiet, otteis will he as hard (o keep to their reserv ations as the wild hnSaloes. Alter the next year's exnerience. I Lope to be able to advise *nm«> more specific measures tsan are cmbiaccd herein. In the Department of Arkansas, General J. J. Rt-vnolds has managed matters* so quietly and so skilfully that we have noc a particle of trouble. In masters connected with tho frei*d negroes, be was admirably seconded by he CommU.-ioucr. General bptagoe, a roost accomplished soldier and gentleman 1 feel assured that Central Ord, wao has recently succeed-d Scnorai Reynolds, will continue in that Department to maintain absolute peace, and that plenty and prosperity will soon repay the labors of the industrious Inhabitants. The Indians to the west of Arkan-as are reported as more nearly approaching civilization than any Indians ever din on ibis continent. It is worthy an effort on our part to evdeavor to -prvad their influence, and to attract to the same quarter all of the Plain Indians that can be Seduced to remove there, and by contact and example to learn to cul tivate land and raise cattle and horses, by which many of the Choctaws and Chickasaw?, Chero kee? and Creeks have occorae quite wealthy and respc-.tahle. Inasmuch a? I am compelled to leave on (Pslaut duty, trom which X may not return In time for the usual reports to Congtess, 1 will call on the Dc imi imu.t con»n»«t>.ta-« for subordinate reports, to be transmuted on receipt, aim to nc euupUnan. tary to >bls: and to them 1 mast refer tor more precise details of actual events during the past year. I am, with great respect, your obedient servant, \V.T. hTTEItSAX. Lieutenant General Commanding. General John A. Kawuxs, Chief of StaA'to Gene tal Grant. Comma: ding Armies of the United btates, Washington, D. C. THE RECEPTION OF CONGRESS. Speeches of Senator Xatcs 9 Zion, Thad ctcus Slcveus, and ilou, William D, Kelley. We have already given the speech of Speak er Colfax at the Washington Reception. We now give those of Senator Yates, Thaddcus Stevens, and Hot*.Wm. D. Kelley; srxxcu or senator yates. Fellow-Citizens: it wa? certainly not expect ed on my part to say anything on tab occasion, but as Senator Wilson decline?, and os my friend* desire (bat I should say something, 1 will remark ft at tbb is a day ol great rejoieng for the people of the United Slates of America. lam a Rente- GcMativc of the North wear, of me State ot Illinois, wl-ere «c propose r.ot simply tr» beat Copperhead ism and modem Democracy, bnt absolutely to de molish iu [Applause, j I know it wa? proposed by certain patties. Inasmuch as the Northwest was divided by the Alleghany Mountains separated from the East, and toe Father ot Waters ran through all the Southern Sta>* s, to have the Norton-, stern States to become adjuncts <>f tbe Southern Ccnfedctacy. But the people of there Stale-, however, ptopoaed being iu the great 44 pivotal ” ccntrc..whcre la CLe mu-clc, the -treupth, and ‘be power of the peoolc of the Unit' d states, and having the South, and the Cast and West, the adjuncts of the Northwest Id this Confede*acy ot the United States of Ameri ca. [Applause.j When I sec tin* re-nib of tbb grcailriaDipb,a triumph of no temporary mcasitr*, of no measure ot expediency, but of liberty, when I see these grand overwcelmtng majorities pouring Irv from the North, East and Wes*, when I tte the cohorts of riea-on retiring before this rtorm of universal fire, 1 feel like exclaiming, in the words of tho Apo-tlc: “Bless the Lora, oh my sou*, and all tha. Is in me give thanks, for the mcrcv and justice of God eiduretb forever more.- ’ [Applause.) To my Democratic friends 1 would quote a passage of Scripture. ILaush ter.j Butot course the Senators are so familiar with scripture [renewed laughter), and this crowd Is fo versed In Scripture |langh»erJ, that I need not quote it here, and I thcretore content myself with ref-rring you to the lid and Silth Thesjalonians for tho . epitaph upon the Democratic party. [Speaker Colfax and others. “ Quote It.’ 1 ) Sena tor Yates—Uh. don't press me. please, for 1 am -r—*? • Mi .v®«t tX t «tte Tn pS'd it. [1 aitcblcr.j A voice—* 4 Give him a Bible, wa want to hear It,” Senator Yates—Well, if yon in sist upon it, 1 believe it is something after this et>le: ** Ve are without Christ, betngadens to tbe Commonwealth of Israel, [laughter, j without the covenant of promise, having no hope and without tied In the world.” [Laughter and applaose.) Fellow-citizens: 1 understand that some peo ple are In a very great hurry about admitting our Southern brethren into the Union, and giving therntbecontroioftbeGovcmmcnt. They asked me in Illinois when I was willing to have them come in f 1 replied. 44 Well, I’m In no great harry about H myself.” [laughter.) I suid **that I never would he willing to have them come In ontil free speech was recognized npon t very inch of American soil, from the At lantic to the Pacific [Applanrc], and that they never should come in until every American citi zen should have the privilege of going to any por tion ot tliL« country aud enjb.' ingail the privileges ofthe Government. (Applause.) Until the Con stitutional guarantees of a Republican Government shall be given to every butte in this Union; until tbe skeletons of Union men shall no longer bang dargling from trees in the South; nnti* we sc? penbence and a disire to swear allegiance to the Government: never, umfi these things occur, shall they come back again.” [Cries of 44 N0. nevcrl”! No fel low citizens, not until Gabriel’s last tramp shall sound. (laughter and applause ) Why. I under stand that onr Democratic friends in my Slate are ail of a sadden for universal suffrage. [Laughter.! They say it is something like the boy who being told by his father to take castor oi), said, 44 Bnt father I don't like cas tor oil very well. It Is nlhcr rfc-V’ [Lanza ter.) So suffrage, especially my sort of suffrage, not impartial suffrage, or intelligent suffrage, out universal suffrag-, is rather rich. [Laughter and applause.) Now 1 can say to my Democratic mends, this is a fair race, it ha? tho same law for all men. the same chance, for all men. Yes, God Almighty bless this Government that came and patted me on the back os a poor boy and said, 44 Yon have as good a chance in this country as any other boy , 4< Yes, we are all citizens in this country—whites, bPcks, English, American, Irish, German, Laplanders, Chinese and Por tuguese. (Applause.) 1 will -ay again to my Demooalic fnecds. it is a fair race; it is one even fight, and God bless yon. You can no doubt Lent some oi thtse ricaera. [Laughter.) You cannot, of course, allbe Fred. Douglass [laughter); bnt then R you will read the Scriptures and join tbe Republican parly, 1 will bet there are lots of f !oc<r# io this country whom yon can beat. [Laughter.) Fc low-dtizeos: I desire to re mind yon that In submitting these cursory re marks 1 am not responding in behalf of tbe Senate. 1 always speak for myself, and tbe Senate will have to speak for Itself. Fellow citizens: my heart Is gladdened with the pros pect that the era of human wrong Is fast draw irg to a close, and let mo eay here that 1 am against tyranny In all its shapes, and for man. no matter what his color, lor God Almighty, bnman itv. tow and forever. [Aoplame.l Sec to it, my fciiow-c'iizens, that this war, whlrh has coat bo much blood and treasure has not been fought In van*. [Cries of 44 We will.”) These grand and overwhelming maloritles which come np from all the States declare in emphatic and unmistakable terms, and rebels. Presidents, Congresses, and men of all grades and opinions may as well nrderstand it, at first as at last, that It I? intended to faave toe luysl millions of this Republic govern this country. [Applaose.) Peliow-ettutfus, 1 am against England, bnt cot a?a!c?t Englishmen. I like the spirit of that old procession of theirs of St lo,ooo men, when, as they w-clcomed John Bright, they emg, nor *• God save (he Qucfn.” not tbegrand old Marsellaise. bnt the flirting Marsellaise ol America—* 4 John Brown’s body lies moidcring in ihe Grave,” Ac. [Ap plause.) Fellow-cl'ircus.the only mm who has over been executed for Treason In this country was John Brown, who was executed for treason to th« State of Virginia, while Henry A. Wise, upon whose skirts is ibe blood of thousands of onr connirrmen, bas the Pre?ldent’s pardon in his pocket [Cries of ,4 For shame.”) I myself was Inetrnmental. by the ver dict of »he people of Illinois, in sending BVLOOO of onr brave boys to the field of battle, to die in the cause of Liberty and of onr country. [Ap planse.) They ?lcpt in the swamps; they climbed mountain?, and unfurled your proud banner above the cionds. npon the heights of Lookout Mountain. [Applaose.) Many of them now sleep on the bank* of the Tennessee, the Cnraberiand. and in Shiloh's dark and bloody woods, and in tae spots made memorable by tbeir heroic deeds; but they died immortal death*. “In the sweet fields of Eden, where toe tree of life is blooming, there Is rest for you.” [Load ap plause.) But, fellow-citizen?, while ther ore lost to ns. we have among na toe maimed and the wounded—(hose who sar. “Ilos* this arm as I climbed tbe heights of Vicksburg:” “I lost this leg in the hard-contested fight or Chlckamanga;” “I lost this-eye in tbe conflict ol the Wilder ness;” and now, fellow-citizens, are yon willing, when we sec COO,COO bloody shronds rise before ns, to say that this war bas been fought, that these men bave been wounded In vain? [Cries of “No.”) The only sure guarantee against a similar misfortune to this country Is to settle the questions of the war, npon the granite foundations of God’s eternal Justice, and that is the same law for allmen. [Applanse.l 1 will not cease this fight myself nntll we have liberty In all its pnilty; liitertyfo the grandeur of its propor tions: until civil, political and rellgona litany shall belong lo every portion of the country to whom God bas granted an immortal aool. The speaker closed amid great applause. Lend cries being made for tbe Mon. William D Etßer ot Tni'QVrnfe, Q “ t B raaeman &t ' void and spoke as follow*. BPIICU OT MOIf W. D. KSIXKT. these who f&lq “ueU doue U i e t S the white vote of U « ten Insurgent 5 Jtes cLimat the qresUon which iht* distinguished Sen from Illinois answered, as pnt-O “h^rSf/to J^^^sr t^"v^“ m r a^r o o3 5 r l |e Territory* formtrly designated by Ajjl ISSJI* of those leu star*-*. [Cries of ?™cd.” and atmlanse.j When, bavin* auavowed those products di usn paUo", it shall w* Mm. terms enabling Males, b w» tch tt* whole People of «ach Slate shall bare elec‘*-d * remvention l*v In®* 1 a Coniiunlion; and w hen that Constitution shall have done Its ww*. aud it stall haw teen submitted to a rote of frrlcp of “Good,” and anplan-e]—if It s&MSfcSr£®£ then to an admission any,of then, more can Isay? tAvoice, *’No more. 1 - v Unlit—Yon are rich', (laughter), and. eoGOd the name»-«*tUfl.r?c« that 51!n>ppi«'“i Mrt u “ dsr Uo '''“ btea - Mr. Stevutß rose in tht low** p art of the ball and commenced to speak, but , Q » - WO rd was audible at the upper whies. After , ome m i na te» he was brought to the space In front *f the tables, and mere be proceeded to make remark*, of which but UUlc was heard throughout the hau sFEzcn op non tdad. sirpnrxv. Be said he was directed by the Republican mem bers of tne Uonse of Representatives to offer their most sincere and hearty thanks for the noble tes timony home to what has been charlublv termed the “ pure patriotism of Congress.” U ’might be that tongres deserted some of that praise. Through unexpected events tislted upon the na tion for its sins, a man had been raised Into power whom it required all their efforts and determination to prevent from becoming a King instead of a President. [Bisses. | The war of blood had been suspended; he wished be conld sav ended, but that war wa« not ov*r. It? main and final object was pursued be the • ne roy with a relentless vigor. Tne object first had been to role over at least half the country a* a na tion of introduce free trade, and to hu miliate the North for its prr*it*’cnt advooacy of freedom. Tte object now was to rule t‘.e u-tole nation by means of an oligarchy, making negroes and Copperheads coMrinntc to the increased power of the South; through ‘he irceiso of the number ot Its votes, to s-Ue the reigns of tha Government to Introduce free trade and to break down the modesty of the free people of the North. Baring the war Jeff. Davis was Commander-in-Chlcf of Die rebel army. with bee as bis chief advisor. Now, Andrew Johnson was their Commander In-Chief, while poor old Wool was their ( hief Martial adviser, 'and for the navy they Lad Semmes and Welles. (Laughter.) The people were now to decide whether they were to have Andrew Johnson as President or as King, for they were told tfiey had no other choice It-ft. [Lsnghter.j He wanted the encourage ment of tha soldiers; the enemy had the vantage ground, having possession ot ihc White House and was diet ensmg with a corrupt hand the vast patronage of the nation. And yet be had no feme. Tne army consisted of citizens as well as soldiers. It bad a few mcicenary office**, like the Stead mans, ibeßix’s, and the Wools; but it the Gov ernment were to older Grant, or Howard, or Par ragut to do its treacherous work, they would bieafc their swords rather than obey. With Sheri dan for a leader, and with 2.’,0C0 or 50,DOi> col ored soidiers to follow him. they might dey Andrew Johnson and ail who) would follow bis lead. Bnt if the time thonld ever come when the conspirators would mu-ter audacity tonal to their ambition, and. as once happened hi England, at tempt ’o tmn the regular army against the people. Cot gr« s s would not have to rely on the Southern fretdmen alone. ’lhc men of the bwal Norm would spring to their tect and their wea- I pons as they had when they beard the first 1 booming cannon ot Snnuer. Let Con gress lie bold and all t"c soldiers of the late war would like cute of the next; and the usurper wro leads the hostile forces, would have time and leisure to tevisebis noaslcd proclamations In one ot the embrasures of Fortress Monroe. tl'hecrp.J Tne usurper's bead would rest more quietly, to ue sure, onalap board and cnose. than when oppressed with a cr«-wn. flaughter. 1 With less than impartial snf.iage flo South, with Ids consent, ahoni J never be reconstructed. Uc would not he content with each a puerile work as tniverssl amnesty and universal suffrage. Host of Mr. Stevens remarks were inaudible at ten paces from him, and the for .'going is, coasc qncntlv. bnt a sketch ot his ideas. Senator Bowe responded to the same rnast. and averted that the people pad sustained th-ir re presentation in the principles which should gov-rc the future of the Republic. Mr. Forney spoke to tut toast ol 4 * the Loyal Press of the country," remarking ml lour news j apera were conducted by black men. EQUALIZATION OF BOUNTIES* IletatU of iTXr. ScheuckN Bill. The following arc tbe details of the bill Introduced by Sir. Scbeuck in tbe House on Tuesday last: “It provides that instead of any grant of land or other bounty there shall be allowed aim paid to each and every soldier, sailor or marine who has (ally served as such In tbe army, navy or ma rine corps of tho United States, and wtto has been or who may hereafter be honorably dis charged from such service, the sum of eight and ont-Uihd collars per month, or at the rate of one ■ hundred dollars per year, for all the time during wb>ch such soldier, sdlor or ma rine actually served between the 12th day of April, Ijtil, and the 19th day of April, 1:03; and in the case of any such soldier, sartor or marine citd.arged from the service on account of wounds received in battle or while encored iu the line of Us duly, the said allowance of bounty shall be computed and raid up to the end of the term of service tor wticb bis enlistment was mode; and in case of the death of any s.tcb soldier, sailor or marine while m the service, or In case of Ins death after his discharge and before the end of bis term of enlistment, if discharged on account of being wounded as provided, the allowance and payment st ab be mane to Ms wtdo-, If she has not been rc-marrtcd. or if there be no widow, then to the minor child oi children of the deceased \vh > may be ni.dcr sixteen years of age. 'i he sccccd stction provides that in computing and ascertaining the bounty to be pala to any soldier, sailor or matiue, or Ids proper represen tatives under the provisions of tins act, there shall be deducted tkerctrom any and all bounties al ready paid or payable mtder existing Jaws by the Ut.l-'ed States, or by any Sta - c, county, city, town, or oibcr municipal organisation, orb> a.:y volun tary association. So that in no case sbalf the ag gregate amount of bounty allowed and paid from all sources exceed eight and rne-thlrd dollars for each month of actnal faithful service, or at the rate of one hundred dollars per year. And in tbe case of auv sailor or marine to - horn prize money bas been pail or is pop able, the ainomTof such prize money shall aiso be deducted, and only such amount of bounty paid as eha’l. together with such prize money and any other bounty paid or payable bv the United Stales, or any State, county, city, town or other municipal organization, or by any voluntary asso ciation amount in tbe aggregate to tho enm al lowed by tMi art. Tbe uiid gee lions provides that so bounty on* der prov Mops ol (bis act shall l>c paid to or on a> count of ary soldier, sailor or malice, who served as a «ab-tinuc In cither the army or navy, ornho was a captured pusoner of war at the time of his enlistment. nor to any one who wosdis clarscd on bis own application or request, prior to the Uth day of April. IS>*3. miles such discharge was obtained with a view to tc-culMmci'l, or to accept nromollou in the military or nav-1 pervic-: ol the Paired States, or >o be transferred trom one rraneb of the mili tary em-Jce to another, and unless each p- rson actually did so re-enllst or accept promotion, or was so transferred. And no bounty snail be paid to any soldier, sailor or marine discharged on the application of at the request of parents, eaar disns, or other poisons, or on thegroacd of mi nority. The eichtb section makes any transferor Inter est in bounty unlau-iul. The tenth section repeals the bounty provisions In I he Civil Appropriation bill of last session, and provides dial if any money shall have been paid to any person under me provisions of such oil’, the amount thereof shall be deduced In such case by the proper accounting officer, from any sum to be allowed under this act. And anv appli cation made for allowance of bounty under the said act of Jcly 28, ISCC. with all the evidence and pipers snbmit’rd therewith. sha'l be taken and con-le ered a# filed, aider the requirements of this act, and shall be used thereunder for the benefit of me applicant, os for as tbe same may he applicable. The bill was read twice and referred r o the Com mittee on .Military Atuurs. and ordered primed. MICHIGAN. Official Vote for Governor and Rem* bers of ConstrcM, Lansujo. December 5, IfGfl. The State Board of Canvassers met yester day in this city, and canvassed the official returns as reported and filed in tbs office of the Secretary of State. They have com pleted their labors, and the following {3 the result declared by them: t Total vote. Uaj. Crapo, Rep . 9a,7«} BQ,U3S Williams, Pem G 7.703 .... FISST COSGUESSIOXAI. DISTHICT- Beaman, Rep ..17,319 Chipmao, Dem 33,443 FECOJCD COXORESStOXAL DISTUZCT. Upson, Rep... 39,931 Severnijs. Dcm 11,233 TUIRP COXaCXSSIOXAL DISTRICT. Blair. Rep.. ... Granger. Dem. Ferry, Rep. 13,203 Oatatuns, Dem S.IM pirrn coxorcssxoxal district. Trowbridge, Rep...., 14,Wt» Bancroft, Dem....- 1t,6il errrn coxcrsssioxal district. Drlgg9,Rep.... 11,603 -1,039 Hose, Dem 10,364 .... uxvisio* or the cosTrmmos.jß For Revision.s 79,530 Against Revision ~..23,023 .... cosaTmmosaii astmtnxzsr on soxutras For Soldiers voting Against Soldiers voting. TbeWenona Bread Poisoning; Case. Oar readers Trill remember the excite-* meat produced last summer by tbe case of bread poisoning at Wenona in this State. It was partially investigated at tbe time, bat has recently been taken np by Professor Hereford, of Cambridge, acd the following summary report upon tbe subject, addressed by him to the Treasurer of the works where the self-raising ingredients ore prepared, shows the poison to have been occasioned by arsenic: Wntoxa, Marshal! Co , Geo. F. Wi son, Urcasarer Romford Chemical Works, Providence. B. Mt Deau 3m; After a long and most careful investigation of all the facts to be obtained con cerning tbe late poisoning case which occurred at Ibe Dillman House in this place, and which was publicly alleged to have been caused by the use of self-raising hour, the raising Ingredients of which were prepared in accordance with my in structions, in the works under your charge, I have to report that the polsonin? was evidently produced oy arsenic, either designedly or sca t cntally inlrodnced into the biscuit eaten by those wdo were pois oned. It is absolutely impossible that any injurious etfec's whatever should follow the use of these self-raising Ingredients, because the on ly bodies ibat could po-sibly result from their use in the biscuit would be phosphate of lime and phosphate of soda, both well known os essential and normal constituents of wheat and com—in short, of all the cereals—and the total amount of these two bodies would not quite equal the quantity removed with the brau from the flour by the miller. ’ , . , . * lbe following certificate is volontarly given by the Physician? and Apothecaries of Wenoua, with a view to remedy, as or as possible, the injurious eflecis upon yoorbnamess, and that of your cor respondents or custotnvw, which was caused by the first publication of the case. lamtmlv yours, E. N. Boßsrocn, _ Laic Trot of Chemistry in Harvard DnlversUy. Ibe undersigned, physicians and druggists of Wenona, famiiiar wnh ail the facta connected with the case of poisoning by using biscuit at tbe Dlttusan House, in this village. In duly last, arc entirely satisfied that It was not due to tbe eelf ralslnc Hour m use at tbe botch K. E. Bren, 1L D. J. N. HaxiLToir. M. D. £. S. Onon, AL D. T. A. Bnx, M. D. October 29,1566. J. B. Bosses, M. D, f ~.-.10310 ....12,233 .80,334 73,900 .13,034