Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 8, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 8, 1866 Page 2
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Chicago tribune. DAILY, TUI-WEEKLY AM) WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 51 CLAUK-ST. There are three edition? of the Tciarst Issued. Ist. £rcry moraine, for circulation by carriers, newsmen and the malls. »d. TheTat-Wenor, Mondays, Wed nesdays ami Fridays, for the malls only; and the WntKLT. on Thursdays, for the malls sad sale at oar Conner and by newsmen. Terms of tbc Chicago Trlbone; PMly delivered In the cur (per weeK) S_ 25 - - *• <p« qaittrr).... 3.25 Dally, to mall subscribers (per annum, paya- _ , J>v In advance) : 1«*29 Trl-Wccklv. fper astmn, payable in adranct) M.OO Weekly, (per annum, payable In advance) 2.(10 ITT Fractional parts of the year at the same rates. gT7 Person? rcmlttiac and ordering nve or uxors copies cf either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editions, rcar retain tea percent of the subscription prlceas a commission. Nona: to smscenssrs.—ln ordering the address ol roar papers chanced, to prevent delay, be sure and Fpeeiry what edition yoa Uke—Weekly. Tri-Weekly, or Dolly- Aljo, plreyotxrpMsxsTondftttcre address. jy iloney, by Orate, Express. Money orders, or In Iki.'h’tiTcdLcuers.mtiybeKOtatoarrisk. Address, TRIBUNE CO.. Chicago, 111. SATURDAY, DECEMBER S, ISOO. the steabbo.u canals. The question whether the State of Illinois frto have a steamboat canal or canals con necting Lake Michigan with the Upper and Lower Mississippi is rapidly assuming such proportions as will of necessity enforce a direct answer. Certain leading facts are no longer open to discussion. These arc: 1. That it is hopeless to expect any pecu niary or other material aid from theUultcd That the canals must be constructed by the Stale. 3. That this can only be done by a specific annual lax -intil the work is completed.- •- We invite the attention ot the whole peo ple of the Statc'to an examination of what I? proposed to be done, what the cost will be, and lo the question of comparative taxa tion. It is proposed to enlarge the Illinois A Michigan Canal from Chicago to Joliet, and make it navigable for the first-class steamboats of the Ohio and Mississippi Riv ers. It is proposed by locks and dams to se cure at all limes on the Illinois River slack water navigation from its mouth to Joliet or Lockport, capable of floating any sired steamer. This work will cost at the utmost S>,OOO,(WO. It is proposed also to construct a canal from LaSalle or llcnncpla to theMississipplßlverncarßocklsland,with a navigable feeder from Dixon. This wiT cost, all completed, $4,500,000. It will be seen, therefore, that the two works will cost less than $12,000,000. It Is proposed lo lo lay an annual tax of two mills npon the tasablcs of the State, thereby realizing one million of collars per annum for the work. It is proposed that these works shall be forever the property of the State, and that tbc tolls shall be regulated by law, and shall not exceed the cost of keeping the cauals in order; thus forever providing a safe, cheap and inexhaustible means of transportation of freights lo and from the Slate, and lo and from its several parts, by which all combinations of railroad and transportation companies to ex tort ruinous and, oppressive freights cun always lie defeated. It is proposed to afford the whole country upon the Missis sippi the means of moving their produce in to and across the State of Illinois, at rates which "ill leave the producer something for bis labor. It is proposed to give to the peo ple ol Illinois the means of moving their product to market, whether at Chicago, -St. Louis, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Memphis, or New Orleans, without breaking hulk, and at rates not exceeding one-half or one-third of those now paid to railroad transportation companies. It Is proposed to establish in this Stale additional means of trans portation, which, belonging to the whole people, will not bo em ployed for their impoverishment and ruin. It must tie patent to every man that there is no longer the slightest competition between railroads. For instance, we Lave four of five railroads which connect the Mississippi River with Chicago. These ought to be competing lines, but they arc not; on the contrary they have a union tariff, and they have established territorial lines between their several roads from beyond which they will not accept freights. There is uot only no competition in rates of freight, but tbc public are denied the privilege of a choice of route. Freight must be shipped upon that road to which the territory in which it lies is apportioned by the railroad combination, or noj, be shipped at all. The establishment of a canal which will move this freight from Dunleitb or Cairo to Chicago.at rales covering lucrelythe expense of ki-ci.iug the canal in order, U the only means available tu tnc nf tbr* People to protect themselves from becoming mere ope ratives of the railroads.*'lf the railroad tariff leaves t he farmcrbnt twenty centsa bushel for ins corn, or forty cents for his wheat, there Is no appeal, no second shop; he must sub mit to the exaction. But If these canals were in operation he would be under no compul sion to use the railroad, and the canal tariffs bring regulated by law, the railroads would have to reduce their or have the freight go by the canal./' i’car after year the volume of freight to he moved Is in creating with arithmetical progression. As railroads are extended west of the Missis sippi t“ the Missouri, the Stale of lowaulooo will double the quantity which mu»t bo moved easlwardly. Within a few years the Pacific Railroad ana its dozen tributary roads will be pouring into this State the contributions of liic great country-west of the Mis-ouri. The through /night* icitlnn three 'iv trill occupy all these railroad* to th-lr I .t:,»ns4 rapidly, leaving the producers of Illinois as helpless as to the means of reaching a market as if there were no rail roads :U all. The canal is, independent of the question of freights, an absolute ue- CtrsiU. We know that demogognes will raise tho cry that tbo.-e canals will create the necessity for a tax that, In addition to existing taxes, will bn moat oppressive. We Invite those in- Uridcil, especially land-holders, to a few iigmes- To lal.-e one million of dollars annually by IsxalK n in this Stale will require that about sax.'.(X») be collected from the farming lauds, aiitl TOO from cily and town properly, personals, etc. There arc in this Stale in round numbers, 200,000 farms of 10*3 acres each. This tax will tlieierurc amount to about three dollars for each farm of a quar ter section, or about two cents per acre per annum, or an aggregate during the twelve ycar.s,"f twenty-four cents per acre. Let any funner compare this lax of two cents peracro per annum wilb the tax he now pays in the shape of exaggerated freight to the railroads.-"* If It now costs twenty seven cents to transport one hundred pounds ot wheat ouc hundred miles, and the canal could do the same for ten cent', or compel the railroad to do the same for ten cents, then the tanner is paying a direct tax or bonus to the railroads of seventeen cents upon every bun dled pounds of wheat he sends to market. Estimating that each of the 2tP,000 Crrms of the Slate now produce 20,000 pounds, or ‘J4O bushels of wheat aud com, which have to be transported one hundred miles by mil, and the aggregate toll charged by the railroads amounts to $11,010,000. .Sow, with the canals In operation, and the rate oi trans portation at ten cents per hundred pounds, the aggregate of the tolls would be $0,400,000, or a direct saving in freights of $7,6p-,OW) per annum. The same calcula tion will hold good in every other article of produce that is shipped by rail. The dif ference in freights will not be felt alone in the matter of shipments, bat equally so in the matter of return commodities. The steamboat that carries door, wheat, corn, live stock and horses from Dunlcith to Chicago, or New Orleans, will carry back Inmber, wagons, agricultural Implements, groceries, dry goods, iron man ufacture®, furniture, salt, and all other ar- - tides, at correspondingly reduced freights, thus saving not only the $2,040,000 upon the shipments, but a like amount upon the re turn freights. The value of wheat at any point in the Stale may be ascertained by taking from the rulingprice in Chicago the cost of transportation, Thu*, when wheat is selling at Chicago at $2.00 per bushel, it is worth the same at Dixon, less the freight and commissions. The own er of a hundred bushels of wheat at Dixon pays the railroad twenty-seven cents per hundred pounds, or $16.20, for mov ing that wheat to Chicago; while, if the canal were in operation, he con!d have it moved cither by rail or water for ten cents a hundred, or SO.OO for the whole. Will any man, interested In the moving of even one hundred pounds of freight in each year, ob ject to the payment of a lew cents per an num for the purpose of securing not only cheap freights and an enduring protection agaiust monopoly, but an increase of the means of transportation, which are now wholly inadequate to the wants of the State? The difference between the rates i of freight charged by the railroads, In the absence of any competition by canal, and the rates that would prcvailiftherc were such competition, will amount, upon the sin gle article of com, to double the sum each year that will be raisad by a tax of two mills upon the entire taxablee of the State. If we had the canals and the cheap transportation, the greater port of the excess in freights now paid would go directly 4o the producer. ' Take a farm 100 miles from Chicago. The f freight on wheat for that distance is f twenty-seven cents per hundred pounds, or over sixteen cents per bushel. Estimating that only one-half of this charge Is illegitimate, and that these canals will reduce the freights one-half, this will be an addition to the value of each Hum to the extent of eight cents per bushel ol wheat produced upon it. A farm who*-’ wheat wilt sell at $1.70 per bushel is nee e airily Increased in value the moment that freights arc reduced ouc-Uaif, and the re duction Is added to the price of the wheal produced. If it costs thirty cents a bushel to move wheat to Chicago, the price of the wheat at the farm Is necessarily thirty cent* lowcr than It is at Chicago. If the price of wheat here be two dollars a bushel, and another means of transportation bo supplied by which the wheal can be moved for fifteen cents, the price of the wheat at the farm Is advanced to $1.85, and the value of the farm is enhanced in a corresponding degree. f '*We think we have safd enough to induce the farmers and merchants of the interior of this State to show that the entire twelve, millions of tax they may pay for the con/ strnctlou of these canals will be In the tolls upon shipments and return freights annually after the canals are completed; and that the productive value of tbc lands of the State will be on hanccd in th£ proportion of the diminution of tax in the shape of excessive railroad freights. It Is impossible to devise a plan of direct benefit to the whole State, and to all its parts, that for a like expenditure wiU se cure such Immediate and direct rcsaltsf At present a vast proportion of the profits upon produce is paid over to the railroads. Build these canals and this profit will be retained in the hands of the producers. TAXATION AND KEPKESENTA- TION. A Democratic State Committee, in Indiana, have recently been holding a sort of an in quest upon their party, and have reported their verdict in the shape of a series of dec larations of the glorious principles of the defunct. The Chicago Times complains that the committee, In its record of the virtues of tbc deceased, omitted one principle—a car dinal principle, a vital principle—which has been cherished by the Democracy since the foundation of the Government. That prin ciple is said to be “no taxation without representation.” There are at this time, according to Democratic theory, fourteen Stales In which the Democratic party arc in the ascendency, and in each ol those States the one principle against which they are united is this very principle of representation. No taxation without representation means that no man shall be taxed who is denied representation •n the Government by which he is taxed. Representation is that agency by which one man is deputed by a number to act for them. When the law maker is selected by one man, it is an abuse of language to say that he is the representative of the man who has no voice in his selection. A Representative is the agent of those who appoint him, and of no others. Representation Im plies an authority from those represented; and when an agent is to represent one hun dred persons, and wIA one-third or one half that number arc excluded from any voice in his selection, then he can honestly claim to be the representative only of those who have named him. Representation with out the right to choose the representative is a mockery and a fraud, yet that is the rep resentation for which the Democratic partv have so long fought, and without which the.? assert they ought not to he taxed. It was Miid during the days of the American • Colonies, that the Americans were repre sented by the intelligence and justice of the British people assembled in Parliament. Bat our fathers did not understand how they could be represented by men from whose selection they were excluded. For nearly eighty years the blacks of the Democratic Slates were nominally represented in Con gress and in the Electoral College, but so far us they had any voice in the selection of those representatives they might as well have been represented in the council of the Kickapoos. With the emancipation of these blacks followed an increase of this kind of representation, where one man selected his own representative and also that of his neighbor, and the Democracy died in a fearful struggle to maintain, not the principle of “no taxation without representation,” but representation without the right to choose the representatives. The Democratic party bad so degraded Itself in the estimation ol the people, that it became a principal vita! to Us existence that the choice of representative, or In other words the right of voting, should be made an aris tocratic privilege, and thus secure to the few the entire representative weight of the whole. It Is because that principle of false represeu tation is vital to treason, slavery and special privileges, that ten of these Democratic States refuse to participate in the Union, ond prefer to be governed as Territories, by ©Ul cers apjjoiijted by the national authority. The American people have decided that henceforth representation In this country shall be based upon the number of those ref resented; and that those only shall be regarded as represented who have an equal vuJvc in the selection of t’ c Representatives. That decision was so fatal to the vital prin ciple of the Democratic party, that it laid down its life ; and hereafter the doctrine oi representation of the popular will will neces sarily include the other, of taxation accord j tng lorepiescntation. GZ2JVEtt.IL .SlEEltlllA.'V oy Amies. General Sheridan, in his recent report, slates sonic very Important facts in regard to a Hairs in Texas- It is evident that the (tenoral docs not ivritc for political clfect; he >latos what lie has to soy with the direct ness and something of the bluntncss of a plain soldier, lie says that when he went to Texas, ho found that the Provisional Gover nor (Hamilton) backed by a small portion of the population, had for his standard of loyalty “ abhorrence for the rebellion and glory in Us defeat, n while his successor, (Throckmorton, the present Governor), had for his standard of loyalty, “ pride in the re hellion—-that it was a righteous hut lost cause, being overpowered by tbc Federal forces.” ‘‘Both of these representatives of the civil law, entertaining opposite standards for the loyalty of their subjects,” says the General, “I was required to support, and did it to tlie best of m3’ ability ; but It has bccjjfeir'barrassing in the extreme.” The statement that the General's task was em barrassing will be readily believed. Governor Hamilton watted more troops, and declared that the civil law could not be en forced; that freedmen would bo killed and Union men driven out of the State with out the presence of military support. On the other hand, Throckmorton wants all the troops removed, asserting that the civil law is enforced, and that Justice would be done to freedmen. Union men and soldiers, In the courts. “But justice is wot done,” says the General. Two unarmed Jsoldicrs wore shot in Bonham, about two months ago, without provocation. The grand jury failed to tind any indictment against the would-be assas dns, but indicted a Federal officer for bur glary, because he broke into a house in trying to arrest them. The Gencial says: “J/// mru opinion in that the trial of a white man /or the murder of a freed man, in Tcjei* t would be a farce.” The rebel papers, North and South, assert that the rights of the freedmen are as scrupu lously guarded by the magistrates as those of the white people. But General Sheridan, who has bad very superior oupm tuuitics to observe, will doubtless be regarded as better authority than these interested witnesses, i who would rc-enslavc the freedmen to-day, if they had the power. lie tells us that the greatest excitement will take place over a white man killed by tbe ludians, on an ex tensive frontier, “ but over the killing of many freedmen in the settlements, nothin; is dime.” We thus have It on the highest authority 5n Hie Department of the Southwest, that John:on’s so-called “ Government ” in Texas is a mere farce; that its standard of “loyal ty ” l> glory In the rebellion and grief for the lost cause; that even with a military force present in the State, freedmen are murdered with impunity; that neither Union soldiers, Union citizens or freedmen, can expect jus tice In tbe courts, and that the so-called Governor under this misnamed State organization wishes to have what few troops remain taken out of iho way forthwith, in order, doubt less, that ‘‘justice ” may bo adminis tered as be and the rebel mob under stand it. It is dear that to Congress, and to Congress alone, the loyal population of Texas can look for protection, and that there is no hope that Justice will be done until tbe present disloyal and illegal Government Is set aside, and a legal and loyal Government set up in its «tcad. ITDE CABLE DESPATCHES. The New York press monopolizers have impudently asserted that they paid all but a small Iractlon of tbe cost of the Associated Press despatches. Two or three months ago they apportioned tbe expense ot the European cable despatches ou the dplly papers of the United States. Those despatches at that time cost Jirc dollars pet word ii» yold or seven and a half dollars In greenbacks. Fully one-tblrd of these European telegrams ore devoted to announcing the arrival and departure of New York steamers, and discs terstoNcwTorktncrcantilc sail and steam vessels in all the waters of the old world, being Perns of special interest to the shipping interests of tbe port of New York, but of In ferior value to the public outside of New York. How did the benevolent and liberal press gang of New York apportion the ex pense of these costly telegrams ? They assess ed one full third of the total expense to the dailies west of Buffalo; one third to tbe papers south of New York, and oue-tbird of the balance to the papers of New England and New York outside of the city—modestly reserving to’themselves the remainder, or about twenty-three per cent of the whole cost of the European telegrams. Suppose the cable despatches to cost $209,000 per annum in greenbacks, which Is about . the expense thereof, the Western papers €oGttl'* }CCn ma^e i° P a y a l the ra * c , j * i>; the papers of Pennsylvania, New v™ n *7 s,s(l,ooothe papers of »«A-if n " landandXewyork state and. the press of the rifle- u r rvcw York and Brooklyn ouly $44,444. Bear in mind, also, that at least SOO,OOO worth of the despatches are of small and trilling value to the papers outside of New York City, relating to New \ork shipping news. This is the way In which the monopolist “ring” bear the heat and burden of the day. We ask our brethren of the Western press if it was uot high time to break up this cut-throat game and have a new deal of the cards ? OF TIIIIEB CITIES. / The ncenpapere ia Columbus and Dayton, /Ohio, have resolved that they will not here after allow the cities of Cincinnati and Cleveland to pay the principal share of the f 0 Offttmishlng them, (Columbus nnd Day ton), the news. Some of the smaller West ern papers have manifested a disposition to refote to allow the journals of Chicago nnd St. Louis tp perform the same office for them; and the papers in Detroit are very resolute In refusing to bo helped by anybody. The talc of three cities is 'having a won derlhl run. A conference with any compe tent telegraph man w«uld disclose the (act that It costs as much to send a given num ber of words to Dayton ns to Cincinnati. Under evicting arrangements, however, Cin cinnati pays flvo or ten times ns much as Dayton for the regular report. In other words Cincinnati pays for her own report and at least fonr-fllths of Dayton’s. Kow, for Dayton to secede from Cincinnati, is like the town poor seceding from the town. Cin cinnati will, of course, apply the four-flflha which she has heretofore paid lor Dayton, to improving her own reports nnd scenting earlier transmission. Probably Dayton has been Induced to be- lieve that U she will secede from Cincinnati the New York Press Gang will give her the news and pay the telegraph tolls besides, for all time to come; and perhaps Dayton Is green enough to believe it. The New York Press Gang cannot manage their own affairs respectably, and in undertaking to regulate those of the Western Press they have gob into a dreadful innddle. * conumssioNEu wells. A Washington despatch says that “ the operations of Revenue Commissioner Wells ‘are giving rise to various complaints, and ‘the doings of the Chief of the Bureau of “Statistics arc severely criticised.” We have no doubt that the operations of Rev enue Commissioner Wells are giving rise to various complaints on the part of the gentry who tried to get three hundred millions of dollars out of the people’s pockets last sum mer, by their swindling Tariff Bill. We are not aware that they are giving rise to com plaints in any other quarter. It is s'ati-d also that the doings of the chief of the Bureau of statistics arc severely crit icised. Statistics are quite as obnoxious to these gentry as the operations of Commission er Wells. They are os much opposed to sta tistics as the bats and owls arc to light. We trust that the chief of the Bureau will not suspend his “ doings” for fear of giving them offence. The professorial chairs of the so called Seminary of Learning, at Alexandria, Louisiana, scam to have been appropriated to the charitable and patriotic use of seating broken-down pirates and guerillas, and fur uisbing them with bread and butter. We have already noted the fact that Raphael Semmefi, ex-navy officer, ex-lawyer, ex editor and ex*piralc has been assigned to the chair of aloral Philosophy— a new professorship, by the way, apparently created expressly for his benefit. JoM.ph Wheeler, cx-Gcneral of rebel cavalry, has also been elected to one of the scientific chairs, and will soon report for duty. There is a Military Academy connected with the Seminary, which is in full blast, and under the control of an unmitigated rebel, who, on a recent public occasion, avowed his adher ence to the “lost cause” of the South. With the loyalty taught by this Professor, the sci ence of Wheeler, and the moral philosophy of Semmes, we think the Seminary of Learn ing at Alexandria is a very promising and gay institution. 25?“ The Legislature of Tennessee* has passed a bill to tender the Ilcrmitagc pron erty to the United States, for the purpose of establishing a branch of the West Point Mil itary Academy there. If the Government shall not accept the offer, then Governor Brownlow is authorized to sell the property excepting the house and fifty acres of ground. The Hermitage is In a neglected condition, and has been ever since the out* break of the rebellion. 25?” Hon. Roscoc Conkling Is “looming up” as a candidate for the United States Senate in Now York. Mr. Conkling is un questionably the ablest man in the House of Representatives from that State, and he has the virtue of being especially obnoxious to the “Old Man” and his satellites In the neighborhood of Utica. 25?” A Southern paper lays down the novel nnd startling proposition that the freedmen ought to be paid for their labor, and hazards the opinion that if the planters pay them for the labor they have done this year.it will have a tendency to secure their services dur ing the next season. Wc should not he sur prised if such would be the tendency of such on experiment. . ST* The increase in the Republican ma jority In Michigan over that of 18(14, was a round twelve thousand. The Copperhead vote in the late election was almost seven thousand loss than McClellan's, while the Republican vote was twelve hundred greater than Mr. Lincoln's. Spirit ol* ilic Acrmnu-Aiuerlcnn Prow. The Illinois Stoat* Z'tfwuj of the 7tb instant has the following upon the re admission of Raymond to the Republican party; " It is well known that Mr. Raymond, both by word ami act separated himself from the Republican party. II: made use of hie distinguished talent flud sidlin', pen to fight the battles ol Andrew Johnson, took part hi the Convention of Southern rebels and Northern Cop pcricads at Philadelphia, and even composed the address which proceeded from this wigwam. “Rut Mr. Raymond has thought bettcr.of all this and has turned his face from darkness toward the light. On the evening of the sth, he took his scat quietly in tbc Republican caucus, which soon be came as uncomfortable as a scat of thorns. As soon ns his presence was observed, the question was asked whither Mr. Raymond was a member of the Republican party. Thereupon the caucus constituted Ittcll a court, whose Jurisdiction was admitted by tbc repentant and returning prodigal, lie remarked that, although be had attended the Philadelphia Convention, yet he bad done so without the slightest feeling of hostility toward the Republican party. In fact, las Intention was to strengthen this party in making It more conservative. He found, how- over, tboltbnl Convention would probably load to the defeat of the Union party, and for this reason be bad abandoned its politics. Since that lime he had done all In hi* power to support tbe Union caucus, as he approved of the measures which they proposed. ‘•Several sharp questions were nroponndcd to turn and If the answers were satisfactory to some, they made an unfavorable impression on others. Tbe ironclad Stevens could not comprehend how It was that be was entitled to claim membership with a party which he had forsaken, and Mr. Scbcncls introduced a proposition that ‘no gentleman conld honorably and consistently bo a member of the Union party and co-opcratc with them, who approved the address of the Convention at Phila delphia in August. 4 “Mr. Bingham moved that the motion be laid on ihc table, wblcn was adopted by a vote of SS to r<C. The members who voted in Raymond's favor douhile c s went on the well-known lUblc principle that there was more joy In heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety and nine just men who need no repentance. For our part, we arc clad tUA Raymond got through by tbe akin of bis teeth. “Raymond's example will not be without Its effect, and many other suppo»t«, upon which the incorrigible President, by the grace of Booth, has relied, w 111 soon break bercath him.” The MUwankee HtroH of the 6th Inst., says, “Coneftss again Elands where it stood twelve months ago, and wIQ probably propose a now plan of reconstruction. . Should it do so. It is to be hoped that It will not Call into weakness and icac'lviiy ,and rnakejmmiliatlng concessions to the South.” Iho Tennessee Sfaat* ZtUung of the 3th Inst., says In substance the same. Ihc St. fouls KetUiche Pott of the Bib hopes “that Congress will begin with avenging tbe murder of loyal men in the South aud providing for their protection in the future.” Down on tbe Bobln* Mr. Edward W. Llucolu, Secretary of the Worcester County Horticultural Society, in speaking of a work on the “ Birds of Massa chusetts,” in his lost annual report, says: “Of the value of that particular work your Secretary entertains no individual or precise estimate. But he cannot too strongly express bis conviction of the imperative ne cessity for the dltfuslon, throughout the community, of a more correct arid exact knowledge of the character and habits of our birds. Anything—it matters little what— that will thoroughly cure the existing sickly sentimentality about the American robin. Your Secretary, in vindicationof bis position heretofore assumed, has spent mucli time, and lost some Christian grace that be could illy spare, in watching the feathered nuisance, in the absence of strawberries with which to tickle its dainty palate, it gorged itself upon cherries. When that fruit, so rare and unwonted, was gone the black-cap raspberry was not disdained. But to measure the full capacity of an appetite almost insatiate, the despairing cultivator must observe its ravages among pears. Nothing less than the Bartlett, Belle Lucra tive and Sekel will serve its fastidious taste. The fabled rush of the Harpies to their glut tonous feasts was as nothing compared to the flocking of these birds of ill omen to their pomological banquet. Rcmaiulug with us to long as anything was left upon our trees, they have now migrated well fat tened and plump to stuff tbe pot-pies of a wiser r»cople. *Tt Is urged that at times—before fruit is ripe enough for their excellencies—this robin of ours cats a few earth-worms. Pos sihly be may, if the ground is previously dug up for him, for be is too proud to work and to scratch, he is ashamed. But the poor worm Is harmless, and therefore, to insure his destruction this worse than useless pest is protected by law. Let us pray. If wo hare no other resource, that he may die ofa sur feit.” THE FARM AND GARDEN. Breaking Prairie Oat of Season, and the Flax Crop, [From Our Own Corresoondent.] Cqaxfaigk, December 5, ISC3. SOD LAND FOB TUXX. Tl o culture of flax appears to be the least understood of any of our staple farm crops; for this reason it is not popular. The crop cot being sown In season, or on badly se lected land, produces uncertain yields, and hence is not satisfactory to the hap hazard cultivator. In Ireland, where It is sown for the fibre alone, U is sown on very rich land, and from two to throe bushels of seed to the acre. The staple is thus made long and firm, suited to the manufacture of fine linen goods. JThe crop thus grown is pulled just os the seed begins to form, and is of no value. The Hot being of more value than the seed crop, the seed Is mostly imported from Russia and parts of Germany. With us the ease Is different, the seed crop being the most valuable; and unless in the neighborhood of flax mills, is the only one that will pay the cost of culture. Ooe great drawback to a more general intelligent Idea of this crop may bo found in the inode of marketiug and the general state of the mar ket. The oil mill men have found it diffi cult to obtain supplies of seed, and, to in sure this, have furnished seed and contracted the crop. They have urged farmers to sow on land poorly adapted to the crop, and often out of sea&on. Under such a state of things the crop has been light, and the profit so small that no further effort is made to im- Erove future sowing, nnd thus the flax crop as the reputation of being uncertain in its results, the yield being generally three to six bushels per acre, though occasionally as high as twenty bushels, and then again a to tal failure. Success in farming consists mainly la know ing what crop to sow and when to sow it. In Vermont spring wheat Is sown In May, but the prairie farmer who should sow his spriug wheat at that season would lose his labor. In the Eastern States flax Is sown the first of May on highly manured and thor oughly cultivated land, and produces an average crop of some twelve bushels of seed. ‘Hils at two and a half dollars a bushel is dollars, but much less valuable than many other crops that can be grown there. Being less valuable it is not popular, nor Is there any prospect of an improvement. The result is that flux must be grown on the cheap lands of the West or notat all. We all know that flax must be put on clean rich land, or land free from weeds, and no land is so good for this purpose as sward land, whether wild prairie or timothy, and clover, meadow or pasture. Yesterday our neighbor Junes came in to consult in regard to twenty acres of unbroken prairie that bad been enclosed for some years, and from which several crops of prime bay had been cut. “I must have that piece of land broken up; it must be set in orchard next fail, but bow to get it in order is the question. Can you helpmcdcvlsesome plau t Ido not want it in sod corn, for then the sod will rot and I cannot put it in good condition for the trees. If It bad been pastured I would know Just what to do with it, but it Is wild prairie.” 44 Well, tbe thing is easy of solution* Break it up this season.” “ Bah! break raw prairie in tbe fall! non* sense I” 44 Listen, and yon may think better of it. Break it this fall. Begin to-day if you choose. la the spring, just os the frost is coming out and when you have no other work lor your teams, harrow it thoroughly. The frost, sun and air will aid in pulverizing for a week t-r ten days. This will bring you to about the first day ol April, when it will do to sow. Before sowing, hat row again, for this will dry the surface so that the teed can be the belter covered. Give the most thorough harrowing, but to do this yon need not cross however, for that might turn over some of the sods. After it is har rowed go over the field with a pitchfork and turn all the sods that you fiud with the grass side up, and then put on the roller and roll the whole smooth if you have to go over it twice. Let us sec what will be the cost: Breaking S 3 acres. SO bushels seed.... SO days' harrowing and rolling 2 sowing Cott Dg llumsoiig, threshing and marketing. Total Cr. SCO bushels seed. Profit. “This is five dollars an acre, to say noth ing of the better condition of the laud. These figures have been often verified in this State, and can be again.” From our window wc can see neighbor Jones turning up the long line of farrows with u fifteen-inch plow, drawn by three horses driven abreast. He has boon here within tbe last hour, and says that even in these short days be can break one and a half acres a day. The turf Is so soft and yielding that the plow runs remarkably easy*, much more so than during the hot, dry summer months. Sod laud can be broken during open spells in winter, which often occur in Feb ruary or for the first two or three weeks In spring, but not later, for the flax crop. The points to make are easy sowing and the most thorough harrowing and rolling. So soon as tbe crop Is harvested the land should be plowed, if for trees, trench or sub soil plowed, if for winter wheat, spring wheat, oats, coin or potatoes, a plowing mtho usual manner will do, but the trench plowing will nearly double the crop, and should, if possible, 1* attended to. The laud should uot bo left until bite in outnmn or the fol lowing spring to be plowed, fur then the prairie grass roots that have been kept in check, not all killed, will rapidly recover, while if plowed at the time the flux crop Is ripe the turf will be completely subdued, and In the best possible condition for the next crop, whatever it may be. A fatmer not a thousand miles distant trench-plowed ten [acres last full and rented it this season for five dollars per acre, and the tenant made over fifty dollars per acre profit on it. All of the unbroken prairie in the Northwest might be broken up in autumn, and sown to flax and other crops to much better advantage than to break in summer. The days of sum- mer breaking, with the long lino of teams, is nearly over, and the old twenty - four-Inch plows are rusting in the corners of the fences and at the roadside- It is only a relic, which has has bad its day, and now gives place to a more convenient mode of culture. Fanners pay a high price for summer breaking, when the same work could be done with their own loams at a comparative season of leisure. In the fall the turf Is easily broken, hut asit requires more labor to harrow in the seed, nothing is gained save tint the labor is done at a time when U costs less. There Is another gain ' the farm work is more evenly distri buted throughout the year. Much of the outlaying prairie has been so thoroughly pastured that the turf |is ration and can be plowed late in fall or early spring. Near here Is a corn Acid, one of the best in the country, which last year was open prairie. This was broken last April and cultivated the same as old land. A large number of farmers arc at Ibis dale breaking up prairie for corn and lias for nest season. The practice is comparatively a new one, but Las been sufficiently tested to prove its value. Rural. FROM BOSTON. Xhanbftcivlnc—Tiie Weather and the Priced Turkrp—Art Tint tern—A New Pointing, a New Artist* and n New Gallery—Literary News—The Atlantic for the New Year-Free Rattling Fn ciiHlc* Matl*tlci»of the KXostou Itatlm. IFromOarOwn Correspondent I Boston, December 2, ISO-3. TnxxKSQivixa. The venerable New England festival, now national in its observance, passed off as usual with general quietness,and individual feasting and enjoyment. A very small fraction of the community went to chnrch; many in the country devoted the leisure of the holiday to a shooting match or a game at ball, ami in the city visited the theatres ; and very nearly every one, of whatever age, sect or condition, sat down at some hour of the afternoon to a banquet of unusual abundance, and includ. iug a greater or less number of rare dointlei on its bill of fare. The day was exceptional throughout this section in re* card to weather, and will be long remem bered as the warmest Thanksgiving within the memory of the oldest inhabitant. The New Englander is used to deep snow drifts and biting cold on bis annual feast day; bat Thursday last was like early June, and overcoats were left at home and doors and windows thrown open, and clothing, season* able according to the almanac, was most un comfortable. The occasion was signalized by an idd financial operation, too, in a rise in tbe price of turkeys, on the evening be fore, by a concerted movement of the pro vision dealers, to the enormous rate of forty live cents a pound. Many people were vic timized : but so many fowls were left on the hands of the marketmen that those whose household arrangements enabled them to postpone the purchase of their birds till the last moment, Thursday morning, secured them for a reduction of thirty per cent. ART MATTERS. The artists have been home long enough to begin to send forth new pictures from their studios, and the art season is Just Com mcncing. behave added a new gallery to the number already prosperously maintained here, making four in all. The last one is the finest in the city; it occupies one of the new stores < n Tremont st«eet, fiontlng the C. m. mon, in the region until lately sacred to dwellin'; houses, and is a part of the estab lishment of a linn of Trench gentlemen deal ing wholly in foreign goods, such as bronzes, engravings, photographs, books and articles oMvrfu ; and is arranged with such taste as to seem a glimpse of fairy-land, or a glimpse of Paris, which to a Yankee born and bred, is substantially the same thing. This new gallery was of coarse visited bv large numbers of bur art-loving people duf- Inglast week, the first of its existence; and all seemed greatly struck with a painting by a new artist on exhibition there. Thgpaintcr is quite a young man named Frizzell, whom his friends, including some of our first painters who ought to be our best critics, consider a genius in embryo. The picture is an illustration of the poem called *‘Snow,” supposed to be tbe utterance ofa despairing woman, •which has been widely circulated by the newspapers generally. ana printed, I be lieve, by the Chicago Tribune among the rest? It is entitled “ The Fall of Purity.’’ and the design consists simply of a single figure, life-size, of a woman onco lovely, still beautiful, but wearing the indelible marks of wretchedness and degradation, standing poorly clad in the dreary snow storm, with the cheerless neighborhood of the city, rath* er suggested than represented, in the back ground. Its features of excellence arc such as cannot be described, and hardly imagined, until the picture is seen; but it needs no study to detect them. The imaginative power, the freedom of drawing, combined with delicacy of treatment, tbe genuine po ttle spirit, arc apparent at the first sight of the canvas; and the picture, has that lire sistiblc fascination which representations of sadness and tragedy in any art alone possess in the highest degree, which compels atten tion, and which increases with time, and Is not destroyed by familiarity. Mr. Ruse, one of oar best landscape artists, who has spent the summer la the West, sad chiefly near the hcad.watcrs of the JLissls eippi, is at home again. and busy In bis studio, with a file of advance orders mort gaging his entire time for the winter; and most of oar other painters of tbc first class are equally and constantly oc cupied. Mr. Bellows, a New Yorker, who finds most approving ludnccments here, has quite a number of pictures on exhibition in the city now, and among them are notable one set of twelve match pictures of American scenery, portraying each the characteristics of one of the months of the year, which have all been sold together, and will make a rare adornment for some one soon. LITEBABT. The prosperous time of the booksellers is the dull season of literature; and while the press teems with gorgeous gift books, nothing actually new is found on any pub lishers* counter. Even the magazines are afflicted with stnnldlty, and the December number of the Atlantic is a good specimen of what a magazine should not be. This is only because the editors arc reserving their good things for the beginning of the year, owever, and the January issue wiu be one of the most interesting ever issued. Longfellow. Bryant, Whittier, Emerson and Lowell all have poems, the latter a comic effaeion, in a new vein; Holmes begins his new novel; Bayard Taylor has a Quaker story, and Mr. Praton bos one of his most lively papers on Henry Ward Beecher and his church. With such brilliancy as this in the fixed stars of the periodical the XorUicm Light* and the other new aspirants for favor will have to be bright Indeed to ontshlnc It. FREE BATHIKG FACILITIES. The free public baths which became last summer a Boston institution, were talked of widely by press and public elsewhere, and it was evident to those who looked at the matter from a distance, as well as to us here, that the project thus inancruraled was an excellent one, destined to become a perma nency hero and to find disciples in other cities. The committee of the municipal legislature entrusted with the matter have Jnst made a report, summing up their labors for the present season, which Is before me. The original appropriation was SIO,OOO for the establishment of suitable places for salt water bathing daring the summer months. Six places were established, three in tbc harbor, one In the “ South Cove,” and two in the Charles River, one member of the committee being assigned to the planning and construction of each. Bathing places erected by private enterprise, in other cities, were visited, after the usual municipal fashion. All were opened to the public early In June, with regulations assigning different hours of the day to male and female bathers, and prohibiting profanity, mischief, etc. The public at once thronged to the baths in such numbers as to impede tbc thoroughfares in the vicinity; but a routine was soon established so as to give all equal chances and tue least possible dclav. An additional SIO,OCX) was found to be necessary, and was appropriated early in July. The unusual healthiness of the city— only fifty-seven deaths occurring the first week in July In a population of2oo.o3d—was thought to be in some measure attributable to the baths. Inquiries were soon made from other cities desirous of following the example of Boston, St. Loots especially making a formal application for information In regard to the plan and working of the baths. The baths were open from Jane 1 to Octo ber 1. The total number of baths given was 433,090, classified as follows : men. 100,913 ; boys, 280,941; women, 14,050 ; girls, 37,786. Towels were hired by the bathers, at three cents each, to the unmeer of 6,819, the great majority bringing their own ♦'•wels. The whole cost of the bat lug t 1 Mult 'iftcember Ut, was $17,404. mak* ' eost of each bath given, a with the buildings, therseason. Female ■» furnish and use •mmittce recoin* at 61 4 adependent faclll* iur the lvo - . o be henceforth pro* vided. It should he noted that some of the most expensive batVmg houses were the least ’M, so that the average cost of baths In th< <t popular localities was only two cent Rbveke. $73 00 50.00 cu.ou 5.00 15.00 170.00 Raymond on the Stool or Repentance* Xo backslidden Methodist brother who professed contrition and asked for readmis sion to the Church, was ever brought down on his man ow bones so low as 11. J. Ray mond in the Republican caucus, or received so severe an admonition from the ciders and de-aeons for his past offences as that caucus administered to the “little villain” of the Xew York Times, who deserted his party last summer and sojourned for a season with Andy Johnson, ungodly Copperheads and unrepentant rebels. Poor Raymond is down in the valley of Humiliation, covered with sackclothand ashes. If he gives evidence of sincere repentance, by supporting all the measures of the Radicals—including impar tial suffrage and reorganization of the rebel South—we think he ought to be forgiven and taken back into membership. But if he don’t fully work up to the articles of Radi cal faith, ho should be placed on a back seat until he brings forth works meet tor repentance. The following account of tbc scene In tbc caucus is a rather fuller description than was furnished by onr Washington reporter: .$573.00 .£-■OO.OO .$125.00 uatmojtd cALim to judguext. Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, rose from bis scat, and looking around, remarked that be saw a gentle, man present übo hao played a conspicuous part in the Pnlladelphla Convention. (Great excite ment.] He meant Mr. 11. J. Raymond, ot New folk. He moved that bo be requested to with draw. [Applause.] Mr. Haymond immediately and excitedly jumped up and commenced in a very nervous man ner to give an explanation of wbat was evidently icr&rocd as a very serious accusation against bun. He said be was here as a Union man. | Applause, mingled ullh “bear;” thca a derisive laugnt.] lie hud always been a Union man. (Languter.l Uc dcslrid to continue in ibe Union party. [.More laughter.] And be would remain to tbe Union party, God being bis helper. (Applause.J Mr. J-cbuficld, 01 Pennsylvania, moved that tbc question of Mr. llayrooml’s belonging to tbc Union party bo left to himself to determine. If hr honctUy believed himself a member or that patty, he might remain. If not, withdraw. Thud, elevens lined himself laltjy out of his chair, cast a withering glance at Raymond, and everybody lanehcd in anticipation of something tunny, lie said he could not consent to let John sou nun Into the Republican caucus. The idea H« pnbilcjrts was exploded long ago. as for him be bad never believed in such a thing. and be believed it now less than ever. [Applause.! But, said be. if 1 bad good reliable evidence of heartfelt repentance fmm Mr. Raymond, I might take him on trial, but could not take him into full confidence for a while ; bnt if 1 had nis word, backed by reliable testimony, I should be willing to lake him on probation, [laughter. I Mr. Darling, of New York, came to Ihc relief of bis colleague, and testified that Air. Itaymond had givv-n a hearty suppoil to Fenton for Governor, lie thought the Itepuhlican party had belter re tain him. A member rose to Inqnlre If Raymond hadn't supported Fenton in one column and Johnson in another in bis paper. Sir. Morris, of New York, pitched into Raymond in heavy style, but concluded by saying that be agreed with Stevens as to taking him in on giving evidence of repentance. Mr. Rale said bo was In tho same boat with Ray mond; there foie he felt an interest in bis fate, and hoped they would deal leniently with an erring brother. [A member prowled out. ‘•Nary;’’ “Guilty** 1 “I‘uthlin ont. I Mr. Cook, of Illinois, raid Ido National Execu tive Committee bad declared Mr. Raymond's place vacant, and pm a man in 1L Be baa left the party and could not be taken back now. [While the dis cussion was going on a -Idc caucus gathered In one of the aisles to consider whether it was best to take Mr. Raymond to taak about the $15,030 bo bad in his po. session belonging to the Union party, 1 bat It was finally concluded not to say anything about It.J Mr. Raymond again took the floor, slightly an fered. lie said the caucus might do as it pleased, t could not prevent him from acting with the Union party. [Applanse.J lie went Into the Philadelphia Convention, be said, to save the Union party. (A voice—“ The hell you did.”j It was a contortion of citizens. [A voice—“ Kobe! citizens.”] He did all be did thereto savo toe Union party ot bis Stale. Tbad. Stevens rose and asked Raymond Ibis question: “Was not that an Andy Johnson con vention l” Mr. Raymond replied: “ I did not think so when 1 first went into it. I found It ont after ward, and then 1 quit.” Mr. Lawrence asked Raymond if he did not write the address of that convention. [“Put him onL”i The previous qnertion was called, and, on Mr. Schofield’s motion, it was sustained, by yeas 55, nays 115. Mr. Raymond rose to another cxnlaratlon, amid great laughter at his manifest pertinacity. Mr. btevens did not give him a chance to go on with his explanation, but mounted him again withtUs question: “Do you still adhere to the address of t: at Convention t” Mr. Raymond—l do, according to my inter pretation. [This was followed bp :rie« ol **J*nl fclmo; t’ j Stevens again asked, “Do yon, according to the usual Interpretation of language, adhere to that address I” Raymond, very mnch excited—Yes, sir. I do. [Cries oj “Put mm ont.” louder than ever.] A vote was here taken, and Schofield’s resoln (lot-, leaving the matter to Raymond and bis con soler ce. was adopted by a small majority. M-. Latham, of West Virginia, having voted. Mr. Stevens objected, aay-'ng that Ur. lainam had slumped his Stale for a Democrat. Mr. Schenck offered a resolution that no gentle man can honorably retain his position in the Union party wbo still adhere* to the address pat forth at Philadelphia. [Great excitement and the devil to pay.] Mr. Bissoam moved to lay Mr. Schenck’a reso lution on the table. Mr. Srhecck asked ibe caucus to hold on till he vonld get a copy of that address, and read a few extracts fromlu Be banted round fora while, but bad to give it up. aa be coaid not get a copy anywhere in the hall. The y«as and cays were demanded on Bing ham's motion, sea Sebenck s resoluliun was tabled by yeas •”A, nays 16. The Sycamore Bank Fall ore. fFrcm the Sycamore Tree Kepablican, Nor, 25.] One of the moat remarkable features of the failure Is* that while almost all our business men bare loop doubted the solvency of the back, tbey bare pone on doing business with it •without regard to this suspicion. Among the large losers by this stoppage, we sec the name of one of oar business men, who last 6] ring assured the writer that the bank could not possibly last throngh the year, but must go under before winter. The fact Is, tbit being the only bank In the place, it was in* convenient to do business without its aid. There was great danger from burglars, in keeping money on hand—the hank vaults were admirably constructed, a perfect safe* guard against burglars or fire—there was no other opportunity to purchase exchange. Mr. E. T. Hunt, its cashier and principal manager, was a very clever fellow, genial, social, and always liberal, a very pleasant man to deal with. So all went on. hesitating to withdraw their accounts, yet all more or less nucasy. The gcncml public had confidence In the bank, from the connection with it of Messrs. James H. Beveridge, its President, and W. •J. Hunt, its Vice-President. These gentle* men were known to be wealthy; and few stopped to Inquire how they were responsi ble for the liabilities of the institution. It now turns out that Mr. Beveridge had only one share ($100), Just enough to allow bis name to be used as President. Mr. W. J. Hunt says he does not know bow many shares he owns, bat thinks it is three. The re mainder was all m the hands of Mr. E.T. Hunt. We understand that each stockholder is personally liable to the creditors of the hack for twice the amount of his stock. It is probablva very bad failure. Thcgcncral im pression* is that the liabilities of the bank and E. T. Hunt personally will reach SIOO,OOO, while their assets will bo comparatively small. What has become of the money f This Is the question that excites tbc greatest inter est and curiosity. The ship goes down trhen no financial storm is raging, and no great losses have occurred. Have they quietly token our money, salted it away for them own use, and then failed for the purpose of saving it ? We know not how this wul turn out. Its President Is, and has been for three years past, in Springfield. Its Vice Presi dent says he knows very little about it. Its Cashier has so far been seriously ill over the failure, unable to cat or sleep, or to give se rious, ccnn' ettd thought to business matters. He will soon be able to meet bis depositors and give them an explanation. Meantime, without any special information about it, we venture the surmise that the following schedule of losses and expenditures will partially account for the disappearance of the assets of the Institution: In the first place, by the unexpected with drawal of Mr. Hamilton from the concern many years ago, about $13,000 was taken from its capital. Then by the losses in the depreciation of the currency in 1662 known as “stump-tail times,” nearly $20,000 was sank; for they acted in that trying time most honorably, and paid those depositors who gave them time the full face of their de posits. Then about SO,OOO was sunk In two i speculations iu wool, $3,400 was lost In broom-com speculation, $3,000 in oil lands, ■ $2,900 In Wall street speculation in Boston water-power stock. Then about $9,000 was Invested in two dwelling houses and improve ments, $3,000 in furniture, etc. These guesses, if correct, would account forsC3,Soo, and during all this time they have sought by lavish private expenditures to build up a credit lor wealth which their profits did not really warrant. It is probable that the President, who is also State Treasurer, may have contributed in some legitimate way to the funds of the bank some aid which he was obliged to withdraw os the end of UU term of office drew near, and that this hastened, tbc final catastrophe which had long been Inevitable, unless by some strokes of good fortune, some lucky speculation, its assets should uc largely increased. A CHURCH DIFFICULTY. Disagreement in the Pittsburgh Lu theran Church—The natter Before the Court. [From the Pittsburgh Commercial, December 5.] A difficulty has arisen between the mem bers of the First English Lutheran Church, in this city, which promises to be the cause of considerable litigation. The disagree ment appears to have arisen out of some ac tion taken In reference to the organization of the Synod of Pennsylvania, composed of ministers seceding from the General Synod of the Lutheran Church. Those members of the church in favor of connecting them selves with the Synod of Pennsylvania are beaded by Messrs. William Lang and W. B. Beeler, while Messrs. Jacob Ncwmcyer, Adam Weaver and Paul Seibert represent those opposed to dis solving the relutionswith the General Synod. On the evening of the 21st instant, after a meeting of the congregation bad been dis missed, Messrs. Ncwmcyer and Seibert ob tained possession of tbc keys of the church, , in consequence of which the congregation has been debarred from the privilege of using the building for religious or congrega tional purposes. As a demand madehy Messrs. Lang and Beeler for the surrender of the keys to the sexton was refused by Mr. Newmeyer, proceedings in equity were com menced, and on the 30th of November, Messrs. Kuhn and Shires, attorneys for the former, filed a bill setting forth tnfelr com plaints at length. The plaintiffs in their bill claim to have"been legally elected Trustees, and as such have charge of the house of worship, and other buildings helongingto the church. They further complain that af ter the congregation had left the church on the evening of the 21st of November, Jacob L. Newmeyer fraudulently and surreptitious ly obtained possession of the keys of the building. and that he and others confedera ting with him, nailed down the windows to prevent ingress by that means ; that Adam Weaver, a co-trustee, refused to unite with

them In demanding the possession of the keys from Ncwmcyer; that they believe he is conniving with him to retain possession of the same, and thus exclude the congregation from the customary and rightful use of the church. The complainants deny expressly that Newmeyer, or those confederating with him have any authority for’ inter fering, and aver that his conduct is contrary to the rules and regulations of the church, and calculated to provoke a breach of the peace, as well as to bring contempt and re proach upon the good name of the church. The complainants therefore ask for a decree declaring that Ncwmcyer has no lawful right to interfere with them In the exercise of their legal functions, and directing him to return the keys forthwith. They also ask for a preliminary or special, and hereafter a final injunction against Ncwmcyer and Weaver, and others combining with them, from Interfering with complainants’ lawful custody and control of *aid church building, or from preventing its use by the congrc tion. The hearing of the motion for a prelimi nary Injunction was fixed for yesterday, be forejudges Hampton and Williams, of the District Court, at which time Messrs. Kirk patrick and Mellon, counsel for the defend ants, filed an answer to the complainants’ MU. The defendants, Paul Seibert, Adam Weaver and J. S. Xcwmcyer, aver that they are members of the Church Council, and, as encb, under the constitution of the same, have entire control over the temporal affairs .of the church. They further aver that tbo complainants, “and other disaffected and schismatic persons,” are endeavoring to sever the connection of the church from the “General Synod,” under which it was incorporated, and rated, and form a connection with the Synod of Pittsburgh, a “schismatic and disaffected body,” contrary to the express provisions of the bonstltntion and by-laws. The complainants have, contrary to the pro visions of the same law, elected, as {Ur oa thev could elect, a pastor not connected wlt n the General Synod. That It was to pre vent the use of the church for the ratifica tion of the illegal proceedings of the meet ing of the 2lst of November, for which a meeting had been tailed on the sth Instant; that the keys were taken, but they emphatically deny that they were fraudulently or surreptitiously taken. They further aver that at the meeting referred to. action wustaken niakmgvital and important departure from the simple form of worship, recognized ami established by the General Synod, in order to show this departure more tully, the defendant asked more time, and the Court accordingly fixed Saturday, De cember 15th, for a bearing on the motion for iniunetlon. In the meantime the Court directed thst the keys be placed in the hands of Thomas K. Lane, as custodian of the Court, under whose direction the church shall be opened and closed for the usual meetings oi the congregation, and at the request of cither complainants or respondents, tin'll the ques tion ns to the legal right of cither parly to them is settled. STARTLISO OEYELOIOIESTS. The Organized System of Robbery on the JVetv Turk Central Railroad— Curlon* and Important Revelation*. [From the Utica Herald, December 3.] The trial of the two Getmans and Mrs. Kimberly, at Johnstown, Fulton Comity, has resulted in their conviction ol the crime charged—that of receiving cooils stolen from the New York Central Railroad. So im portant ami curious were some of the revela tions of this trial, that we give a summary of the operations which led to them. During the last two and a half years, the New York Central Railroad Company have had a large amount of freight stolen irom their cars. The evil became at length so in tolerable that great efforts were made to de tect the thieves and bring them to justice. But so adroit and carefully covered up were their operations, that they were able to defy detection, and toe robberies went on with impunity. At length, about a year .ago, the railroad company called into requisition the services of the New York Detective Police. When the detectives took hold of the ease, there was no cine for their guidance. They travelled the entire dlstanccfrom Albany to Buffalo and back, many times before U was possible to form an opinion at what points stealing was going on. From much personal observation, and the reports of his subordi nates, assigned to the task of watching, Mr. Scott became satisfied that Utica and Rome were the two principal places, at or near which, the robberies were conducted. This gicat point being assured, by vigilance uud shrewdness, the whole mode of operating was discovered, and eventually brought to light. The through freight cars on the tra'n from New York and Albany to Buf falo, are not disturbed, of course, at way stations. It'was to these, therefore, that the thieves confined their attention. Two inde pendent gangs were engaged in this bnsi ness, one belonging to Utica, the other to Rome. They had aiifercnt systems of oper ation. That of the Utica gang appears to have been to secretly get aboard the train at Herkimer, abont fifteen miles below Utica, while U stopped for wood and water. False keys admitted them to the freight cars, whose doors they closed again, and so their entrance remained 'undiscov ered, even by those who kept watch on the train. They then se lected such goods as they desired, and. that accomplished, would throw them out while the cars were in motion, generally abont two miles below Utica. Remaining in the cars till they slacked up onapproacuingthisclty, the thieves would then, afur closing and lucking the doer, jump otf and walk hick to the point at which the goods had been tum bled out. Boses were broken open, If neces sary, and then thrown into the river, and the : goods carried oiT for sale. As the trains i usually reached Utica after dark, the thieves got themselves and their booty away with out detection. It was found at length hy the vigilant detectives, that parties in Johns town were receivers of most of these stolen goods, the remainder being car ried chiefly to Cohoes or Troy. With such system and regularity was their busi ness circled on, that the railroad thieves used actually to pick out such goods os their receivers desired, as If supplying an honest market. The dainty rogues have been known to enter the cars several nights in succession, break open eases, and finding nothing to suit tbetr customers* nail up the cas:-s again, leave them unharmed and wait patiently un til another night should bring merchandise more in their line of business at Johnstown. To this latter town, the attention of Mr. Scott and bis men became directed. Several suspicious characters were found, among .them the three just arrested. Daniel and Ezra Getman (brothers) were found to have been receivers of this stolen freight for about two years, the former selling the goods out of his store, for ho was a merchant of the town, the latter from his house, where he lived with Mrs. Kimberly, a lady of about forlv summeif, who has been connected • witli thieves for a quarter of a century. One John Piatta, an Italian, was discovered to be a go-between for the thieves and the Getmans, and about a year ago, the detec tives arrested him, fastened the crime upon him, and be was sentenced in Utica, to imprisonment for three years and seven months. The Getmans and Mrs. Kimberly wire all arrested by the De tective Agency. assisted by Sheriffs Oliver, Getman and Miller ol Johnstown, in May last. A large quantity of goods stolen from the railroad were found in their possession, some in Dan. Getman’s store, more still in Ezra’s bouse, but the largest portion at his mill in the town of Blcccker, sixteen miles back from Johnstown. Long before tbc arrest, the detectives knew ncrlcctly well that these parties were receiving stolen goods, but they waited patiently till the esse was made out In a’workmanlike fashion, and goods receiv ed that could be Identified. Bat while the accomplices were , cap tured, the railroad thieves had also been tracked out. All of the Utica gang have been arrested by tbedetectivea, two of them. Piatta and Leary, have been sentenced, and the rest have not yet had Ibelr trials. TERRIBLE ACCIDENT. Explosion of Nltro-Glycerlne. [From the Rochester (N. T.) Democrat, Dec. 6.1 Yesterday morning an explosion occurred in the tunnel now being excavated through the rock on the west eide of the Upper Gen esee Falls. The explosion was heard about five o'clock, and the concussion was felt by Screens living half a mile Ifom the place. Len have been working in this tunnel for some time past, and have lately introduced nitro-glycerine for the purpose of blasting the rock. They had progressed a distance of some two hundred ana seventy feet Into the bank, and worked night and day, em ploying two gangs of men—one for night and the other lor day work. The names of those who were at work on Monday night are James Reddington,-Thomas McNorton, Alexander Mnnn and James Dolan. Early yesterday morning a powder blast was fired. The men retreated os usual to the mouth of the tunnel, and stood there to await the explosion of the blast. About fifty.feet from the place of the blast, a tin can lined with plaster of Paris, contain ing about twenty-five pounds of the com pound of nitro-glycerine, was placed In a cavity on one side of the tunnel. Many mo ments did not pass before the explosion took place, not only of the powder, bnt also of the nitro-glycerine, driving wheel-barrows, planks and every movable article Inside the tunnel, besides pieces of rock, toward its mouth. The men standing there were by the tremendous force of the air and the pieces of wood and rock knocked senseless to the ground, one of them being lifted and thrown near eight feet from where be was standing to the very edge of the precipice. It Is unaccountable how the men escaped go ing over the precipice, os pieces of plank, ladders and other things used on the work were carried right over their heads and down the awful height, which Is only fifteen feet from the entrance of the tunnel. .Some time elapsed before the men were got out ol the tunnel, which bad to he done by means of ropes. They were immediately conveyed to their several homes and pbysf clans called to attend them. Mr. McNorton was found to be the most seriously injured, and after suffering fora time from internal Injuries he died at 9 o’clock yesterday morn ing. He lives on Mill street and leaves a wife and child to mourn his loss. Dr. Moore attended him. Reddlngton did not suffer so severely. His face and side are much bruised, but there Is no other injury to speak of. unless he is bruised internally. Dr. Moore was also called to attend him. Alex. Mann had slight contusions on his face and body, but not enough t 6 prevent his speedy recovery. The cause of this accident cannot be at tributed to anything but the powder-blast, notwithstanding the can containing the nitro-glycerine was situated at u distance of fifty lect. Mr. McConnell, the foreman on the work, states that tbc men had orders to repair to the platform above the entrance ol the tunnel, but they neglected to do so, and consequently suffered. Mr. McConnell was not on the work at tbc time owing to his child being sick. Had he been there he would doubtless have warned the men of their danger. HORRIBLE MURDER. A man rnt to Piece* With an Axe. [From the Nashville Pres* and Tlmcs,Dt cetnberS.] A terrible tragedy occurred on Monday night at Kingston Springs, which has thrown the community there into a fever of intense excitement. An old gentleman named X. G. While, extensively engaged in the lum ber business, he owning iu whole or iu pait three saw-nulls, has been living for some time in a small house near one ofthese mills. Being an old bachelor, he had engaged a house-keeper to superintend his home affairs, and she occupied one of the rooms in the building, three negro employes living in some shanties near the residence. Excepting these five persons, no others remained on the premises at night. The old gentleman had spent the evening in posting his books, which business he quit at clevcno’clock, and started to go to bed. Just as he opened the door leading from the dining-room where be was, into his sleeping apartment, a man armed with an axe sprang upon him. and felled him with the poll of the same. After wards he horribly mangled the body of his vic tim with the edge of his rude weapon. The house-keeper affrighted from the building by tbc shriek of Mr. White and the succeed ing noise, arroused the sleeping negroes and some of the neighbors. The party immedi ately proceeded to the bouse, and discovered the lifeless remains of the murdered man weltering in his blood. Wo have not learned whether the perpetrator of the deed has been arrested, but he is ascertained to be a man named Patterson. Mr. ‘White is believed to have had considerable suras of money on the premises, and a desire to secure this prize Is surmised to have been the inciting cause of the cold-blooded crime, as the victim is not known to have had any violent and un scrupulous enemies capable of such a ven geance. A messenger was dispatched to this city yesterday to procure a cofiiu for the mutilated remains. FKXIAXA. S» J. Ifleany In Liverpool—Where b Stephens—Reward Offered Tor Him— Tlio Com of Captain .TXarpQy, The Dublin correspondent of the New York llorfd gives the following Interesting Fenian items: S. J, MEANT IK lAVEItrOOL, TLe following appears in a Dublin paper, copied from the Liverpool Mercury: The liberation ol Ireland Irom ttio yoke of the Saxon is at hand. Her many wrongs will soon be redressed, her light toself-covenmicnt vindicated. Toe long looked-for ’“coming man" has arrived, and the down-trodden inhabitant* of tbs sister Isle may rejoice. One of the most patriotic and gifted of Ireland's eons has come back to ibis country alter a brief sojourn in the United States, and no doubt bib lukuis will be directed, as they ever have been, to Hie amelioration of his country* men. Iho gentleman we allude to Is Stephen J. Meany, who arrived In live- pool irom New York a lew days ago. Air. Alcany, it will be re remembered, was connected for some time with tbc press in Liverpool and Loadoa, but left ine country about two years ago for America. While In the States be became tbc editor or proprietor of the Toledo Btad* % u paper rcmaikable—like most American Journals— for the mUrfLesb of Us polite* and its admiiatlou for Lngland Being aa ardent lover of his coun try, and entertaining high hones of her future gristness, Mr. Meany Identified Llmselt with the Fenian movement. The heads of the Brother hood evidently thought that in Mr. Meany the cause had coined a great accession of strength, and when the Fenian '•Senile*’ was densed he was appointed a “ Senator.” No doubt when the Seiiate*couimcnccd its deliberations much ad vantage was derived from having the a-et-tanco of a politician. He was also nom inated to an office in connection with commerce ai d trade—tbc ” department of administration ” for which bo wav specially.suited. A division, however, occurred in the Fenian councils. Huai •• Presidents” c’airacd to bo the beads of the Older, and authorized to exercise control over the subordinate officers. Each party indulged in recrimination. Sterling patriots were stigmatized as ti alters io the cause; and men who wore known to be devoted to tin lr country had all manner of charges hi ought against them. Mr. Meany did nor escape in the general shower of abuse. This was not to be wonccrcd at (or “ ihcy that stand high have many blasts to shake them. 1 ’ “President” Roberts and others Is sued slanderous “Girds;” stupid and unfounded imputation? were made In regard to the ralsap piopitatlun of Fenian funds, bnt no douat Mr. ilcauy fully exculpated hims-lf. Amid the clamor of rival factions Mr. Mcany retired for a time from public notice. ProMbly be was dis gusted with the empty vaporing in which the leading Fenians are wont to indulge, ana disap pointed at the raid? wtnch some of their number bad planned. Whatever may nave been the cause. Mr. Mt-any v. ithdtew from among his fel low Senator;, and suddenly appeared m Liver pool. The arrival of so distinguished a gentle man ha? been the cause of conaidcrab’e sensa tion. ’timid people were almost frightened out of their wits at the notion that a real Fenian Senator having come to the town and taken up bis abode among them. The operations of the Brotherhood hive of lalo been a source of event uneasiness to the Government. It Is to be hoped that Mr. Mcany's arrival will not be the cause ot increased apprehension. We under stand that be has toU some friends that hen now unconnected with the Fenians, and treats Ibelr movement* with derision. Wo are of coarse un able to say what Is the object of Mr. Meany’s visit. It is stated that the ex-Senaior intends to proceed on a mission to Parts, and that he Is acting for General Dlx. Be has already been “waited upon” by Detective Inspectors Carlisle and Bom. bat bis liberty has not been interfered with. We hope be has come on a mission of peace; that he has dis covered that “tne penis mightier than the a word;’ 1 tint the day for Irclatd's liberation by Physical force has gone by. and that he baa at leaist learned to respect that fhedom and protection which lbe institutions of England afford even to those who have plotted against h» r. •WUEBB IS STEPHENS? From being whispered amongst Fenian circles, this inquiry has spread through the masses, and now the Government anxiously asks U, and looks for an answer. That he Is expected here is certain, from the following notice baring been scut to the various police offices throughout the country: SOTiCE—OJfB TTIOCSASD POVSD9 HTWAUD. Drams Castle, Koremberl.. Wnxjitif. One James Stephens, lately escaped from Klchoond bridewell, In this city, havla? been confined there Tor sundry treasonous and se dition# acv scamst her most gracious Majesty Cnetn Victotia, and (he peace and prosperity of this realm ; and whereas u is undera'ood that be intends reluming to Ireland for the continuance and furtherance of his atrocious designs, or has already effected a landing at some point on Irish soil, A reword of one thousand pounds is hereby of fered ■ o any person or persons who shall arrest the said James Stephens, or (ball afford such in formation to the proper authorities as shall lead, to his arrest. (Signed) God tare the Qu*etu From this it appears evident that Jamc-. Stephens is expected, and this expectation is largely Indulged in by the disaffected here. Though sundry imputations have been cast on his sincerity by the English and American press, the mass of the people here still be lieve in him, and, should he land, I am per* fcctly satisfied he would quickly have plenty of followers. Should he deceive his country men in their hope, I fear me much the efforts of England toward the crushing out of Irish nationality will be all but accomplished. What Ireland, down-trodden and oppressed for so long a time has wanted, has been a leader. It is of little use to her if the mass of her people be dissatisfied and hateful of English nuc. Without a strong.raind to or ganize this mass of disaffection, nothing is capable of accomplishment. Stephens a gerts he has done this, and Urns the inqnir . where is he? THE CASE OP CAPTACT MUBPHT. _ Suae nine months since an American offi cer, Captain Mnrpby, while visiting Ireland, was arrested. No evidence of his connection with Fenlanlsm could hcnrocurcd even by the most industrious English detectives, though possessed of the useful accessories In their trade of spies and informers. This was unpleasant for the Government, and as lb was unwilling to release him, a case of de sertion from the English army was trumped up against him. A sergeant in one of the infantry regiments swore positively to the man having enlisted in the year 1559, in Fethard, County Tipperary, and shortly af ter deserting from the same. He was borne out in the evidence by several private sol diers in the regiment. Captain Murphy proved positively that he left Ireland when only six years of ago, and had not returned t - * it until a few months since. Notwith standing this, Murphy was incarcerated In the military barracks at Arbor Hill, and has not since been This is about the moat disgraceful act of the Irish Executive that has occurrcifor some time. I am not aware even that Murphy bad any possible connection with the Fenians, nor is it likely, as he was accompanied to this country by bU wife and child. All this has occurred openly, and yet I am positively assured that no efforts whatever have been made by the American Consul, ’West, for procuring his release. THE NEW YORK PRESS GANG. Newspaper Comments on the Emanci pation of the Western Press, [From the St. Louis Republican.] Dlffererccs have recently arisen leading to a withdrawal of a large number of newspapers from the arrangement by which, for a number of years, (bey have been famished with telegraphic des patches by what Is known as the “New York Associated Press." A vast majority of the jonrna’a in the West and South have broken loose from the old monopoly, and have organized an opposition which b likely to eOcct—indeed has already effected—a revolution In the traremiaalon of news by telegraph. The New York Association sought to prevent the newspapers of the country from re ceiving regular reports from any other source ex cept that controlled by themselves. They baaed orders to their agents not to sell their intelligence to journals which should patronize any other dealer, expecting by this means to break down the new organization and keep the business en tirely in their own hands. The Western Asso ciated Press made fair propositions to the New York monopoly, which were indignantly spumed. A combination was then made, which has already proved a success, and which promises excellent teeults in the futuie, giving to the parties who Joined it a better control over their own interests then has ever before been enjoyed. The fine pro mise of this enterprise has proved an eye-opener to the New York monopolists, who begin to see that the East Is not omnipotent, and that hereafter the prospect is, they will not be able to make Western journalists pay all the expenses of get- Uigncns, and derive a considerate pecuniary surplus bcsluosc Tho New York Herald* which is constantly boosting of Its superior enterprise, and which has assumed a sort of independence of every other newspaper in the country, contains In the last number received a begging appeal to the “country press" not to eut loose from the old concern. It says that, if tho papers which have withdrawn from the New York Association will only return, they can have the benefit of the correspondence of the Herald , THiunvand Tviut. Now, one of the principal objectionsjong existing, to the old organization, was that It was made the medium of wholesale advertising of the New York dailies. This was the more noticeable in the repetition <)f their totally unreliable, contra dictory, namby-pamby Washington gossip, which Sot to be a disgusting nuisance. Frequently, also, le editorial expressions of these journals were telegraphed all over the country, as though they were oracular, and as though intelligent people cared any more tor what toe New \ ork Herald bad to say on a given subject than for the views of the Patagonia Squealer or the Teheran Hoot-in foof. What the western press wanted was early and reliable netrs, considering themselves capa ble of making thelrown comments. Ihcv sought to reform the abuses and the neglect of their in terests which bad crept into the monopoly. They wished to inspire more energv and life into the collection of Interesting intelligence for their readers, aid they arc determined that newspaper enterprise shall keep lull pace with the march of empire and progress. The arrangements recently made for the Improvement of the character of the despatches to the) West are working excellently for s beginning, and we expect (he best results from the competition now going on In procuring and disseminating news. [From the Cincinnati Gazette.} Mr. Halstead, one of the committee oi the West ern A-sedated Pres*, who visited New York for tnc purpose of cflectimr news arrincrements, pub lishes a full report of the proceedings lu another pl::ce. This U chiefly interesting to the managers of nwepapet*, anil by these it will be carefully read, ana we hare no donbt the action of the com mittee will be fully approved. The half dozen newspaper proprietors in New York were astonished at tbe independence ex hibited on the part of tho Western press. They had mlcd oa so long, that they Imagined tbetr bold upon us would bo perpetual. We have read with a goon deal of amusement the editorials of the New York papers on this subject. They claim that tic news heretofore collected was oh- lalncd at their expense, and given to the press onfeide of New York, almost gratuitously. Y< t when weproposdorelieve them of this gratuitous set vice, they growl fiercely, and fight tolh-* ex tent of their ability. The fact is the New York papers collected news suited to their own wants, ana permitted other papers to take as much as they wanted of (hat, charging somewhere in the neighborhood of a quarter of a mtliiona year lor the use of it. This & the measure of the “gra tuity” talked about. It is also noticeable that while the New York managers gave no heed to the wishes of other papers m regard to the news collected, tbev sought to establish a monopoly ot the telegraph lines that would absolutely prohibit competition. But in tins they have failed. TLetr monopoly is broken, and wc can assure our New York cotemporaries that if they can get along without us, we are gelling along splendidly without them. Our arrangements arc far supe rior, already, to what they have been heretofore, and they will be still better when oar machinery gets fairly into operation. [From tbc New Y’crk Commercial Advertiser.} The quarrel between tho Associate t Press of lid- city, and a uew organization, which, under the name of the “United States aud European News Association,” proposes to supply tbe news papers of the United States with me fullest and rcehest Intelligence, is one which can Interest the public solely by Its results. The newspapers do not exist for the “Associa ted Press/’but tbc “Associated Press” for the papers. So long as the managers of tbe associa tion proved themselves able to meet the daily in creasing demand of the press and ttc public for nen>, they certainly could have bad nothing to fear from any rival body undertaking to do the something. That already, in this city, through out tbe Wc*t, In Philadelphia, in Baltimore, in Bosk'll, tho uew organization of Mr. Craig has de pl?cd tbe “Associated Press” of Car the greater pait of lt» business, would seem to prove pretty conclusively that the latter body is not, as now conducted, equal to the work which it professes to do. For our own part, wc think It due to the pro?? and the public to ttatc that upon several occusloos since tho “Associated Press” parsed under the prctent management, it has entirely failed to sup ply Uii* jbninal with tho news it was under con tract to furnish us. On these occasions, and it not been for oar own private arrangement*, and fortho facilities offered to ns by tbe existence of Mr. Craig 1 * organization, we should have been abso lutely deprived of that supply of late and impor tant cow* wnich Is vital to every newspaper, and which it is the only legitimate business of the “ Associated Press” to furnish. U must be obvious to every one that each a ita‘o of ibii.g* !* quite ipconsistrnt with the continued prosperity or tbc body which permits it to be. One of the leading morning journals uf this dly lias aprarontly suffered precisely as wc have done, and announces in Us issue of tits day it* retention of raking the remedy into Its own band*. Every “live newspaper” in the country must and ncces fariivwill do proci-cly the same t*ilng. A mo nopoly of news which suppresses instead of dis >euii*isl!ng the n*w* it propose* to monopolize U simply a rid.cul.us impassibility in lots age and country. [From the Providence Journal.} Tho Providence newspapers are indebted to the courtesy ot Mr. D. 11. ttratg, general as;ent of the United State* and European Telegraph New* As socl-jtloii, ler the ot.lv aihancc copy of tbe Pres ident 1 * Message recived lu this city. The ngout of tbe Associated Press, to whom at present wc ,ook for tbc news, was requested not to neglect Providence, in sending ont the copies of ibe document entrusted to him; but although wc rcct-ivid from him two or three tciegrjphi<‘ cau tious not to issue the message until we were ad v*rd that the reading had commenced, not a sin-le cvpy oithe much-looked-for paper has he yet vouchsafed to us. HUE IS OIL CITY. Tlirce Lives Lout—A Ileart-Kcudlo: Oil Citt, December 3, 1860. On Sunday evening lost, us tiic people were returning from church, they were summoned, by the startling cry of lire, to witness a scene that beggars description. In the lower part ot the city, alonglhe railroad track, ore a number of frame shanties, occu pied by poor Irish far.iV»les. A short distance from there, on tbc hillside, was a neat little house, owned and occupied by John Dono van, a respectable and Industrious man. The family consisted of John Donovan, hi* wife and lather, an aged man, nearly one hundred vears old, two boys, and a boarder named Carrigan. Donovan has been engaged io boating oil on the creek, and a few days pre vious to the lire had drawn from the bank $1,700, the accumulation of years of hard labor. This he deposited In a wooden box, placed In bis room, intending to use it on the following day. The family retired early in the evening, leaving a lamp burning ou tho table, awaiting the return of the wife, who hod gone to'visit a sister. It Is sup posed that the lamp was npset by a cat; but in a few minutes and before the sleeping in mates were aroused, tbc house was iu tlames. Donovan jumped out of the window with bis son in his arms. The old roan succeeded m making his escape, but returned again for the other child, and perished in the tlames. Tite young man Carrigan, and tbe other son, a boy eleven years ol<f, were burned to death in their beds. Soon the roof fell in, and the house was a smouldering ruin. It was here that a scene was witnessed, that made the stoutest hearts Quail, andeyes Hii with tears. The mother had returned, found her home in flames and her darling boy and aged parents burning to death before her eyes. A wild ycli, a tow muttered moan, and reason bad letl her. Tbc husband clasped the poor wife in Ms arms, and while the crowd gathered around, preventing them from rushing Into the flames, they groaned as if their poor hearts were breaking. While they were still present the crisped body of the child rolled down at their iect. It was carefully carried to a neighbor’s house, and when the fire was subdued the other charred bodies were gathered together. This sad event has cast a gloom over our community. That tbe family who but a few hours before bad retired, expecting to make an early start with their boats in the morn ing. bnt so suddenly met with sneb a hor rible death, is indeed very sad. Nothing was saved. The money was also lost. Bloody Rencontre in a Baggage Car— Two Wen Assault Each Other wltn Knives and Pistols—Both Horribly Lacerated* (From Ihe Nashville Banner, December 4. Wc learn that on Saturday night last, a bloody n centre took place between two men iu the baggage car of a passenger train on the Nashville & Decatur Railroad. The dlf. Acuity started in a passenger coach and was the result ofa dispute in regard to the qual ity of the whiskey each earned.. Both were probably more or le«s Intoxicated. The conductor ordered them to leave the car if they wanted to settle the matter, and not to be disturbing the balance of the pas sengers. The two then repaired to the baggage car, and after pacing off the proncr distance, wheeled, and at a given signal fired their pistols. Neitherof them appeared to be hurt aflerthe shots. Abescobx. At that moment the only light in the ear, which shone from a lantern held by the per son who gave the signal, went out suddenly, and tbe duelists then grasped their knives and sprang upon each other like tigers, cut ting and slashing at a fearful rate. They are both probably dead, or, if living, terribly lacerated. , , , Our informant did not learn the result of the affair, or the names of the parties. The noise of the swiftly-moving train deadened the sound of the bloody conflict, and it U nrohable that very little Is known about it. Pifficnlt Surgical Operation* fFrom the Milwaukee Sentinel, December 1. We have just learned that a most remark able surgical operation was performed a few days since, in this city, hr Surgeon General E.B. Wolcott, upon Mr. J. H. Paine, brother of General H. E. Paine, who has been suffer ing from an abscess In the left lung for near ly five years. The operation being a very difficult one, from the lact that there was nofprominence at the surface indicating the exact location of the disease. An opening was first made.between the sixth and seventh ribs, in front, with no satisfactory results, when another was immediately made at the side, between the eighth and ninth ribs, with complete success. Surgeon Wolcott was assisted by Drs. Wolcott and Marks. The friends of Mr. Paine will be glad to learn that be is doing well at this time and every hope is entertained of an immediate improve ment in health* RAILROADS AND STREET RAIL WATS. A Chapter of the History of Municipal Legislation. ill Acts of the Common Connell on those Subjects Arranged in Chronological Order. EARLT LEGISLATION regarding THE ADMISSION OF RAILROADS INTO THE CITY. Intricacies of the niatorr of Street Hallways—Who were the Pint Street Hallway Incorporators in Chicago— Provision* of the First Ordinances for Street Hallways* A COMPLETE HISTORY DOWN TO The legislation of the city of Chicago, relating to raQroads and horse railways, la a chapter which has seldom been opened, hot which is neverthe less a most instructive and important branch of onr municipal history. In lbs course of years there has been amassed a monstrous heap of doc uments, which has been ptcaerved with much the same care and order ibat Is to be found In a well ordered duet-bin or rag-bag. Petitions, remon strances, communications, reports, resolutions, orders, ordinances, etc., were thrown in pell-mell In some capacious dry goods boxes. The dn«t of time settled thickly on them. Occasionally an lnteree:ed party, a claimant or a lawyer, would apply to tho City Clerk for some required doc ument, and that functionary would turn loose upon the dry goods boxes aforesaid, the seeker after truth. If he found what be wanted, very good—if he did not, the heart of the clerk was not saddened thereby. At length the bright idea struck the Common Connell that these old documents might be of some n«e, and that they would be decidedly more a* - liable if boxed and Indexed, and this heavy f*sk ,«a. con'dcdto the efficient City Clerk, Mr. Hodman, and bU able assistant, Mr. Buckley. The work has very near ly been completed, and already it has opened np a wealth of historical matter relative to our city, and placed It In comparatively easy reach. This is the mine of which we spoke, and from it, as a specimen, we propose to give a clear and con densensed history of the rise and progress of our railroads and railways, os it appears in the dry details of Common Council do ings, plactug all the acts and documents relating thereto in their chronological order. The facta tnus stated will doub'less be of great value for reference to many business men and lawyers, and they will also be qnite interesting to the general reader, who will thus he enabled to see of how recent growth are all onr railroads and railways, and how much of energy has been shown in their establishment. IT at any time there should bo observable a break araoug the minor threads of this dry narrative of facts, it may be credited to -ome one of the many gentlemen who have in imes past been tamed loose upon the contents of the boxes, to rummage at their own sweet will. Thanks to item, some documents arc now only known to have existed by tho reference to them found in others still preserved. Tbc first record of doings relative to •bich Is fonnd among tbc documents is dated ,Jkji72s.7<. 1848—A communication from W. B. Ogden, P.-esidcot of the Chicago £ Galena Union Railroad Company, asking permission to drive pilt s whereon to build wharves at the loot of kmz.c ntui of Fulton streets on tbc West Side. It Is stated that when the company obtained permis sion to establish wharves there, they had not yet discovered a fact since made apparent, that there was there from tour to :lx feet in depth of soft, black mud. Permission was of course given. May 12 A, Jst>—Appears a remonstrance of N. B. Judd and others against the theu proposed ma cing of the “.Eastern or Indiana Branch of the Railroad 1 ’ along the park coat of Michigan avt-nuo, for tho reasons that u would destroy the park. Im pair the value of property on Michigan avenue, mdangerthe buildings by fire, *fcc. Referred. July 17 th. 19iS—An ordinance of the Council authorized the Chicago £ Galena Union Rail road Company to introduce their road into the city on the line of Kiuzle street ami to use as much of Kinzio and Fulton streets as might be necessary: also to use in the Fame way no Proposed new location of North Water street as r a-Wolcott, it Is proper to remark hero that none of the old ordinances grafting the tight of occupancy of streets to railroads, contain any lim itation as to time. The horse railways are limited to twenty-five years, bat the railroads entering the city have, apparently, a perpetual lease. Whether they l ave actually sacs a perpetual lease is a ques tion for the conns to determine upon any given case. It Is contended, upon the one hand, that the gram is m the nature of a contract, or per petual charter, which cannot be disturbed. Oa tho other hand it Is held that a street Is for the ac commodation o» the entire public—and that when its occupation by a railroad practically prevents its being occupied by teams or foot passengers, the railroad may be compelled either to relinquish the street entirely, or to submit its running ar rangements to municipal control. Vreoiu>tr\!dy ISIS—The Chicago £ Galena Union Railroad Company was authorized toplauk Kin zie street and lay track thereon down as far as Clark street, to enable them to run passenger cars to their new depot: also to lay rails on Canal sneer, to enable them to run thoir freight cars wherever they pleased, subject to subsequent or ders of the Common Council. Dtctmbcr 2Srf, JSSO—W. S. Johnston remon strated against nhat he had beard the Chicago £ Galena Railroad Company proposed doing, viz.: extending down North Water street below Dear born. Bis “screed” was referred to a committee. JJeefmber&itJi, 1850— A committee squelched Mr. Johnston by an adverse report, and ibelr report was concurred in by tbe Council. J lay SOW, 1851—An ordinance was passed, in ac cordance with the petition of the otfleers of tue Chicago & Rock Island Railroad Companv, grant ing them permission to lay down and'operate tracks on any one of the streets between the west Tine of biate street and tho west Hue of Uaistcd ftrcet, from tbe south hcc of the city limits, a* far notlh as tne north linen! Polk street; al«o, giving them tbc right to extend up as far as Van Patou street on any street between Clark and EaTsted. T.-e speed ot their locomotives In the city was lim ited to five miles per hour. June 3U.‘A, 1551 James Grant. President of the Chicago & Rock Island Railroad Company, In formed tfic Council o! tho iuca ion o‘their track on tbepdreets, where it stitiicmains Be also pro posed to tbe Council that If the city would take SUXi.ttw of stock In the road a junction with the Northern Indiana Railroad wouid he made much * carer the city titan was originally Intended, ferret to committee. June 30rA, 1851—A petition of citizens—Mark Skinner and other*—aritteg the city to authorize a snbscrlp lion of $100,Ort) to the capital stock of the Chicago £ Rock Island Railroad Company was received, and an ordinance wai passed' au thorizing such subscription, ou condition that the junction of that read with the Northern Indiana liailroad should not be farther than five miles from the city limits. Sovar.btr 185’—Mayor Gurnee seta for*b that lie has vlriicd New York aou coufjrrvd wka th.’ Directors ot the IIID-ois Central Railroad Com pany in ngard to the proposal to make a junction with some Eastern lire at a point east of Chicago, □c has been materially aided in bts conference by Judge Douglas, aud the Directors have agreed to run their road dlr> cr to Chicago. In conJusioo, the Mayor recommends the payment, from the 31P,(U0 appropriated by the Connell to attain this end. of §IOO a> a retaining fee to the lawyer encaged on the occasion, and al-o the expense* of Jmlg‘ Douglas from Washington to New York. The'report was accepted but there does not appear in this connection any action on tbe Mayor’s re commendation. The payments were, however, doubtless made, and the Council felt that they baa got cheaply off, as their fIO,OOO appropriation would show them to have been under the influence of n “big scare.” December 2,1851, and again on December 15—Hal f a dozen petitions were received from Michigan avenue people against the location of the Hue of the Illirots Central Railroad on their avenue, and these gen lemon appear even to have sent a committee to the Council to spread ibelr griev ances betore tfaatbcdv. Scene. IMCe/üb:rVJ, 1851—The question of the poorer or the city to tax railroads catering the corporate limits, seems to hare come up, and B. A. Cleeks, attorney, jo a formal opinion thereon decides that the city has no each power—and that any revenue which the city may obtain must be hy agreement with the company, the Illinois Central being the road on which this polar is raised. On the same date la hied the formal application of W. Drayman, solicitor of (he Illinois Central Railroad Company, for the right to lay the tracks ol that road on a lice 350 fee*, of the west line of Michigan avenue. Filed. This ec&slon of the Council. December 19tb, seems to have been prolific of railroad business, for the Board Inrtber agree upon sending a long list ol propositions' to the Illinois Cen tral Railroad Company, relative to grant ing them a strip ol eimc two feet in width, at a distance of five or six hundred feet from the west line of Michigan avenue, tor their tracks, entering the city. Dee uiLtr'Hi, iSSI— I The reply of the Solicitor ot the Illinois Centra! Railroad Company relative to the propositions just mentioned, was received and an ordinance was ordered to be drawn up fix ing the right of way of that road. f\Ut-uary S 3. ISlS—i’ltlion received from au thorities of Chicago & Rock Island Railroad company, asking permission to lay their tracks to Market street, tnencc 270r1h to South Water, thence east to the termination of track to the junction uf Canal end Kiusie streets on the West Side. Referred. March 8, IS»2—Petition of many clt’zcns for legal action by Common Council lor protection of life and property fiom Injury by the railroad com pany in the city. Filed. Siarcfi 26 Vr, IS32—Communication received from R. Scnnyler, President Illinois Central Rail road, elating that through delay in the Land Oflice at Washington, in certifying so the lands of the company, racy will be finable to accept the ordinance of Janaary 5, 1551 (not found in the documents), unless farther time be granted (hem. Time granted. Jpnlid, 15H—Ordinance passed granting per mission to Chicago & Rock Island Railroad Company to lay backs, as asked for in their peti tion ol Februaryt3d. Same date—Committee on Jndtciary directed to prepare an ordinance to regulate the laying of tracks in the city. Jprf/215% 1852—Ordinance passed giving per mission to ran their main track through the city, from the State track, beginning at Twelfth street, going west to the South Branch, and north to Kinzle street. Also, along the sooth side of the Sonth Branch into Market street, and through Market to lake street. May 17M,1S53—Report ofCommlttee on Railways, favorable to granting petition of J. W. Brooks, Superintendent Michigan Central Railroad, toli.r temporary track cast of Michigan avenue, so as to enter toe city. Concurred in and order to that efieetpas-ed. J’me ~fb, 1932—An ordinance was passed to aid the Illinois Central Railroad Company in obtain ing an amendment of their charter by the Legis lature, for the extension of their track In trig citr. jin* UM, 1552—The Committee on Judiciary reported the amended ordinance relative to 1 ora tion of the line of the Illinois Central RiUroad, (on its present site), and freeing the city from all re.iponslbDUy for damages which might be In curred m Its establishment. Concurred in and passed. Blsse'l, enclosing a copy of an ordinance which the Illinois Central Railroad would deign to ac cept. Promptly labted- Jane 28/A, ißS2—Committee on Streets and Al leys reported adversely to granting petition of dtixens for removal of track of Bock Island Rail road from Clark street. Report concurred In. September 17/A, 1832—Communication received asa filed from President of the minors Central Railroad, announcing the acceptance by tbe Di rectors of the Company of tbe line marked out for them and conditions stipulated in the ordinance of Jans Uth. September 27, 1552—Discussion, and October 1,1852, final passage of ordinances fixing location ot tbe track of tbe ill. <t Wisconsin Railroad and its depots, switches, turnout, etc., where tney now aX November 4,lß32—'The following brilliant reso lution, rerba-'im ft Utera'lm, et naryp•mcnainm, was offered by a dfy father: "Ordered, that The Mayor bo Requested To Enquire Or Otherwise prevent tbe Chicago and Rockiiaud Real Roade Co from Crossing Clark Streo with Thayr Track to the prcdgldes of the pnblick latress or privet* right.” Referred to the Mayor with power to act. j torch 9,1953—The Pacific Railroad began to loom up tn the distance. lu the form of a volumin ous communication from B. Balch, of Massachu setts, a person possessing a happy fiow of words equal to Daniel Pratt, the great American travel ler, Stephen Branch or George Francis Train, THE PRESENT DAY. This cheerful Individual requested the Comtaoa Conceit to aid bbn la printing a pamphlet ot about ICO pages to spread abroad In the world a knowl edge, of the benefits to accrue from a Pacific Rail road. He wished an appropriation of from *I,OOO to t&OC-t*. and an advacceof *IOO or $;00, for which ho would pledge himself to fnml»h five thousand of bis pamphlets within thirty days.. Be also proposed that if Council would give bun $5,000 or SIO,OOO to defray bis expenses, be would ro to V»asblrgum the neat wistr. and that he would have the Pacific Railroad hill passed; be “would pledge bis honor, and almost bis life, on If «m-o /-ortatn and trinTnpn*nt pmny. 1 ' COUn cil filed the three yards or p »per which conveyed this meet, humble and disinterested appropria tion, but cool (I'm see” the appropriation. Marcn 9.1553—An ordinance was passed regu lating the location and business of railroad com panies. This ordinance prohibited any railroad company from being directly or indirectly ea , gaged in the storage or warehense business, tn : any manner, under pencaitr of a floe of SIOO for each oflencc; otders that each company shall have an Independent depot of Us own; requires them to famish facilities for building elde tracks and switches to accommodate business men, and pro hibits discrimination in sending uncalled-foe goods to olherpardcs for storage. March U'A, 1653—Communication from D. A. Neal, Vice-President I. C. R. R. Co., asking the city to join In expenses of sending the Mayor ta Washington to get the old United States Hospital removed from its location at that time. Filed. Same date. Petition from same party asking Council to eslabllsn tracks of Hlrnois central Rail road. Filed. April HtA, 1553—An ordinance relating to tho admission Into the city of the Chicago, St Charles A ilis.-isaippi Air Line Railroad, which was tabled on April Sin, was now taken np and passed. It I pave to the company the right to construct their tracks in the West Bivision on any land they might acquire by purchase, south of Madison stnci or north of lake street, the company being held liable for any damages occurring. sam? date. An order was passed prohibiting the Illinois Central Railroad from laying down tiack;ln Lake I'aik. Apt ll 2tWl, 1853-Yhe Illinois Central Railroad Company proposed an agreement with the city in regard to the nseofLake Pam, merely giving to the company temporary right, up to Januarylst, IS-rt, to draw materials across It for the construc tion of their Lake track. Filed. April IS, ISs3—Chicago & Galena Union I ailroad Company permitted to sewer and gravel N octh M ater street at their own expense. Hay 2,lSsß—The final agreement between the dty and tho HMnols Central Railroad Company admitting the latter under the provisions of the ordinance of June Itlb, 1552, was filed. May £B d* ISS3—Committee on Roada reported adversely to occupancy cf Lake Park by the Illi nois Central Railroad. Report concurred la. June £2d, 1655—Order passed fixing tho openings to he left in the crib work of the Illinois Central Railroad in tnc lake, also other spaces, of larger extent needed lor other purposes. August SiA* IS2B—Ordinance granting to Chicago. St. Charles and Mississippi Mr Line Railroad C- mpany, the right to build drawbridge at Twelfth street, and to use land west of sections S, 17, £O, was passed. On the came evening. In connection with this subject, the Council received, concurred in and passed an order a -proving the ect'on of th-.- Com mittee on Schools In detains to this road tbs right of way through the cast half of N. W. of sections S-i, 39,13. Same date, the Special Com mittee on Lake Shore works of the Illinois Cen tral Railroad Company, recommended an agree- meat with the company binding them to leave sufficient space In their crib work to keep ths water Inside the track pare and free from stag nation, or, if this coaid not be clone, to fill the whole intervening space with earth or other Im perishable material, two fret above lake level. Concurred in. Sspranber 12,1553 —An ordinance was paired re scinding a'l previous orders in relation to tie lake works of the Illinois Central Railroad Company, and anttorlzlng the Mayor to make an agree ment with the company conform atory to the pro visions of the ordinance of Jane U, 1532, September ISs3—The Street Commissioner of the fcomh Division was ordered to remove all ob structions from Rio Grande place. Sycamore and Spring streets, and to cause the Kock Island Rail road company to build suitable crossings of thdr track at said street*. Ocfo&ri’Sl, 1553—Ttc final agreement between the Mayor and the Illinois Central Railroad Com pany. relative to their lake works, was received and filed. Xotembtr 2C, 1553—Report of Committee on Fire and Water, m favor of allowing the Illinois Central Railroad Company to build temporary wooden buildings back effort Dearborn Addi tion, was contorted in. Sotemler *.8*1,1853—Chicago £ Galena Union Railroad Company ordered to construct goad crossings lor vehicles ontttepnhUc streets crossed by their track. February iZtfi . 1554—An ordinance offered by Special Committee, on the petition of the Pitts burgh, Fort Wayne £ Chicago Railroad company tube allowed to cuter the city, ibis ordinance allowed them to lay and operate a track many one street west of the west line of Clark street, as far north as tbc south line of North street, at tho same lime holding the company liable for any damages resulting from their entering the city. Passed. J larfh Sfi/A, ISS4 —Bond of Pittsburgh, Fort Wavne £ Chicago Railroad Company, required by ordlrancc of February 13th, filed. May 15'A. iSS-t-Coi&ril concuned In report of the Committee on Street* and Alleys, West Divis- ion, and adopted a resolution requiring the Illi nois £ Wisconsin Railroad to remove their track from West Water street. June ifl.7(, ISs4—Permission asked for Ulinoia Central Railroad Company to excavate at Fort Dearborn addition. &liftmb<r 1 PA, 1854—Permission granted, by ordinance, to the Chicago, Si. Charles A Missis sippi Railroad Company to lay down and operate men tracks as they might inquire, from the track cl the Chicago £ Rock Island Railroad, east of Griswold street and west of Clark, aubjec. to the seme conditions as ether roads. Companypermitted. (a accordance with the report of Special Committee, to excavate os petitioned lorJune 19th. March J2/A, 1835—Aldermen of West Division, to whom the matter had been referred, reported adversely to allowing the Chicago. £ Milwaukee Railroad Company to nse property ou Kinzts and West Water streets, properly owners having re mooMraied. Report concurred in. Jut. 1 7, Dss—An oromanco was proposed sup plemental to all ordinances concerning steam power railroads, giving directions for the running of locomotives In tbc city, etc., and with an addi tion making the companies responsible for the acts of their employes. Was passed on July ft’th. 27, ISSS—A resolution was adopted, fixing the lino of track of the Illinois Cejtral. Railroad Company, c mmencing at the South Branch of the riror, 1!W feet north of North firect. cod proceeding thence on the company's land to intersect with tbe company’* mam track at tbe lake shore: also, fixing tbc place of cross ing tbc South Branch of the Chicago River, IX feet north of North street, by a draw-bridge of sufficient size to give a clear sixty leetou each side. SejJerr.bey 10,18*73 —Permission granted to Illi nois Central Railroad Company to lay down curved tracks west of the line first established to enable them to enter their passenger dcuot. Aoiember .26, ISss—Committee on Streets and Alley*, West Division, reported adversely to poli tico of rhicago £ Milwaukee Railroad Company, to be allowed to lay track on Jefferson street. Report concurred In. Drcemb'T ip, 1853— I The Chicago £ Galena Union Railroad Company was ordered to build cross ings on their line west of Ilaistcd street. January 7,1850 Chicago £ Kock Island Rail road Company authorized to lay a second tracs ou CJsrU street. Jauvary If, 1 £ss—Remonstrance of citizens against action just noted was laid on table. Avguifl4* 1556—Committee oa Police reported an order to captain of police, which was adopted, requiring him to report to the dtr attorney any violations ot the ordinance regulating tbe speedof steam cars, in order that suit mig-.t be commenced against the companies polity of the violation. Avgust Mfh. ISs6—Report of Committee on Streets and Alleys, W. D , in favor of allowing Metro, GUI £ Co. to construct a railroad to con nect the Chicago. Sc. Paul £ Fond da Lac Railroad and Chicago £ Galena Union-Railroad frith their warehouse- Not roncarred In. Avgust IS'A, 1356 I’ormkeion was granted to Mann, GUl£ Co, which ,ras refused in lost para graph. Stptnr.htr 15 fit, l s 36—An ordinance was passed granting to tbc Illinois Central Railroad Company thr right to bold and n a c, in peroetoliy, the space between their breakwater and a line drawn irom a point ou said breakwater. 700 feet aou'bofthe north line of Randolph street, to the S. E. corner of tbc present break-’ atcr, and thence to tho riv t. i'<23tf}iibfr 22d, 1830— Committee on Finance re poued a rcnly to a communication from W. B. Archer, President of the Wabash Valley Railroad Company, promising tbc efficient aid of our citi zens in extension of that road to this city. Con curred in. October 27'A, IS36—The City Marshal ?nd Can tala of Police were ordered to enforce strictly the rail wav ordinance. Scttmber 17f/i, ISST—An ordinance was passed granting to the Pfttsnurgh, Fort Wayne £ Chicago Railroad Company permission to lay their tracks, switches, turnout*, etc. on the line at present oc cupied by ttiem in the city. January SIA, 1657 An ordinance was passed granting permission to the Joliet £ Chicago Rail road Company to introduce their road into tbe ,lty, on the Archer road, tram a point commenc ing at the tcction line between sections 23-211, to Grove street, and throngn Grove to North street, subject to same conditions os imposed on other railroad companies. Some date—Committee on Streets and Alleys, West Division, n-ported adversely to prayer of petitioners against railroad on Beach street. Con curred in. Je7iUgrylTfA,lSS7—Agteemcnlof Joliet & Chicago Railroad Company to terms of ordinance of Janu ary Sth, filed. January 2»7A, l c s7—Agreement of Pittsburgh * Fort Wayne Railroad Company to terms of ordi nance in relation to their road, passed November 17th. issf>, was filed. J'tbruary 2Alßs7—Two ordinances were passed relative to the Chicago £ Milwank-.e Railroad Company, one authorizing them to connect with the Chicago £ Gaiena Union Railroad, acd tbe other giving them authority to lay down, maintain and operate necessary tracks, etc., from the North ern limits ot the city to their depot grounds on Wanbansia Addition. J/arrA ( J7i, 1857—Committee on Streets and Al leys, West Division, reported in favor of gnuring petition Jof A. G. Throop and others, the South Ctikagot anal Company, fora railroad on South street, and an order to that effect was passed. Some committee reported adversely to petitioner B. Joy and others for a railroad on Lumber street irom South to North street. Report concurred in.' Also, adversely to petition of E. McConasll for railroad on Lumber and booth streets. Con curred in. Jlarch 12W, 1537—Permission granted on report of Committee on Streets and Alleys. West Divis ion, tor Pittsburgh, Fori Wayne £ Chicago Rail road Company to lay track in centre of Beach street. Apnt 20/A, 1557—Ordinance passed authorizing Chicago £ Milwaukee Railroad Company Inlay and operate track on part of Jefferson aud Sinzie streets. June Srt, lEs7—The Clerk was directed to notify the Chicago £ Galena Union Railroad to station flagmen at State street crossing. August Iff A, 1853—An ordinance was passed to allow connection between the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railroad Company, the Chica go, St. Pant &Fond da Lac Railroad Company, and such other companies as might wish to unite with Item. A’orrmwer SA, 155 S— Time allowed to Chicago, SL Paul £ Fond da Lac Railroad Company to file bonds, was extended, for this purpose the ordi nance of August Ifith being amended. ATor ember 22,1556 —Pennuffon granted by or dinance lo Patsbnrgb. Fort Wayne £ Cfaicsgo Railroad Company, and other Companies which might unite with tnem, to laydown and operate tracks on C’trnl street. Ftbruam 2?, ISS'J—Last mentioned ordinance slightly amended. ,/u.ylC, I£CO—A communication was received ’ from tbe Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Com pany, giving notice of their withdrawal of appli cation Tor connection with other roads. Filed. August IS, ISCo—Committee on Schools report ed in favor of allowing J. C. Core, F. Moselyand W. S. Newberry permission to lay track through school lands in vicinity of the Bridewell. Con curred In and ordinance passed. Avgust is, 1853—ilium £ Scott authorized to lay railroad track in front of their warehouse. , August 13,1SC0—Permission given toFltisburgn. Fort Wayne £ Chicago Railroad Company to cross Tan Boxen street. , . August IS. IB6o—Permission given to PUta hnrefi. Fort Wayne £ Chicago liailroad Com pany to cross Madison, Rlandolph and Lake St &yto7!fcrrlCtt, ISCo—City ordered to prevent railroad companies from obstructing South. •/Wifsm 6 ! B ® The Board of Public Works waa reonested lo’cxamlne and report on the feasibility of a ««aSffNorth Wells street from tqe bridge.to Kmzie stmt, eo « to permit the cars of the Chi cago £ Galena Union Railroad to pass under the g'jt/lv isxA, 1861—Ordinance* allowing track to be laid on school lands near the BndcwuU, passed August 13th, 1860, was repealed. Xuausr 12/A, 18CL—Committee on Streets and Alleys, West Division, reported la favor of vaca-- ln«» a portion of Weal Monroe street for the benefit of'the rlitabnrgh. Fort Wayne £ Chicago Railroad Company, In order to give them undisputed poa ee««ton of their depot bondings. An ordlnancs to Ibis effect was passed. . , _ , (ember r, law— Chicago £ Galena Union Railroad Company granted permission to extend ibelr track to the lake. , . , . . Octcoer 21, 1861— Order issued to Pitta burgh. Fort Wayne £ Chicago Railroad and Chicago, Alton £ SL lonl* Railroad to improve Stewart avenue and Grove street. Same date—ln accordance with a rec.nmaenda tion of the Board of Public Works, an ordinance was t>a«sed vacating portions of West Water and Jefferson streets, aud several alleys, for the nemeses cf-tbe Northwestern Railroad Company. Fftnotry 10, irea-Permiseloa granted to L