Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 9, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 9, 1866 Page 2
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(£i)ic(ujo tribune. SUNDAY, DECEMBER S, ISC6. msJIiSACKaEXT OF THE HI. TIOML debt. The reduction of the National debt daring Ibe month of November only amount* to $1,0*10,817. against fc»,0(»,000 tbe preceding mouth. Large payment* of Interest and - small receipt* from import* during the mouth account* for most c f fchedlfferenee M- - tween the sums paid in October and Novem ber on tbe debt. The duties received tor the pas* month have been but ten millions, while In October they were nearly twenty xnll licns. The markets arc glutted with foreign goods, and consequently importations have temporarily fallen off. An examination of the monthly statement show* that the greenback currency has been diminished $4,754,000, that the compound legal lender* hare been re-, dcced $1,125,000, that the 7-SO bonds have been reduced $24,081,005 by being converted Into Fire-Twenty gold Interest bonds, that the latter have been Increased $37,705,- SAi. The gold in the treasury Is $95,108,816, of which there belongs to depositors $30,- CS*\SCO, leaving $74,532,316 as belonging ab solutely to the Government, The debt bear ing gold interest requires $77,800,000 to pay the interest thereon per year. The Govern ment has therefore on band almost a year’s interest of gold, while its receipts of coin arc more than double the gold interest on the debt. Such being the fact what beneficial object is attained by hoarding this rut sum of gold? The burden of Secretary Mc- Culloch's report consisted of suggestions of projects to hasten the resumption of specie payments. A curtailment of the redundant currency was the main recommendation, and to that end he asked Congress to authorize him to retire eight or tea millions of green backs per month, which wc trust they 'will not do. The December statement shows that there are outstanding $149,387,140 qf compound Interest legal tenders. Why docs not the Secretary of the Treas ury proceed to redeem and re tire this large mass of currency, which is now drawing nearly seven per cent of Interest? He has authority to do so. The withdrawal of those compounds will contract tbe currency very largely, and at the same" time contract tbe interest account of the Government at least ten millions of dollars per annum. The Secretary can sell' off enough gold between now and next May to redeem and cancel $100,000,000 of com pounds, and thereby stop nearly seven mil lions of interest, and still have abundance of gold in the Sub-Treasury for all the wants of lb-- Government. The coin and currency lying Idle In the Treasury, If put to use, would cam or save, $8,500,000 of Interest. The tax-payers are therefore losing that amount by the policy pursued by their Secretary of the Treasury, in aliasing hundreds of millions of their zu< ncy, instead of applying it as fast as re ceived in payment of Interest and principal of the National debt. One month ago the coin and currency on hand amounted to $130,326,9130; now it amounts to $133,3.11,637. We are told that the debt Las been de creased $1,000,817 during the past month, vhich, In point of fact, is not true. The idle money in the Treasury has been Increased five millions, but the outstanding obligations of the Gov ernment have been increased three and a third millions of dollars. But that is not all, nor the worst. On the Ist of November and Ist of December, the interest-bearing debt was composed as follows: November 1, ISC6 #2,215,907,251 December 1,1H3 2,228,709,431 Increase ofiuteieet-bcarhurdttbt. $12,742*150 Now, this Is a sort of patent financiering' which the people can neither appreciate nor endorse, and we call the attention of mem bers of Congress to it. It was In the power of the Secretary to have reduced the Inter est-bearing debt by an amount equal to that which he increased It, by the simple process of selling Idle gold and buying up Com pounds and Seven-Thirty bonds, instead of boarding gold and currency like a miser. The people want their sur plus taxes appropriated to liquidating the Debt which bears interest. They arc In no hurry to have the greenbacks, which cost nothing, withdrawn from circula tion to make room for lour hundred millions more of debt drawing Interest. And If Mr. Johnson's satellite in the Treasury building persists in disregarding the wishes of the people, it Is the duty of Congress to give Lim peremptory orders iu the premises. THE FASCINATION OP CURIE. There is something mysterious and Inex plicable in the fascination which crime exerts upon all classes of persons. - Whence comes this lascluatiou ? What is tbs essence, the secret spring, ol tkit deep, inextinguishable interest felt by all, high and low, educated and clown Lb-, brave and timid, healthy and morbid, in the minute details of crimes that shock the moral sense and make the heart bleed with pity ? Every one knows what a rush there is for the newspaper that contains the particulars of the last " shocking mur der" lu any community; how " the last new novel" is thrown aside, and all other news regarded as tame and Insipid in comparison ; and bon the fastest steam presses can hardly throw oIV copies rapidly enough to satisfv the curiosity of the public. Timid, delicate women, who swoon at the siuht of blood, and who could not sec a fly wirged without screaming aloud—and gen tle, high-bred men, wbo cannot witness an act of brutality or cruelty without Uiitgost, are found devouring with intense interest the details of an alro-ious crime ; and It Is scarcely an exaggeration to say that, next to a great hero in the cxcltcmcol of an ovation, there Is no spectacle that gathers to such a ficus of admiration all toe eyes aud xr.luds of jKXJpIe, as a great criminal on trial. It is t whirlpool thit sucks in all thoughts to its own centre. No great artist—no orator in his proudest days—ever roused such deep and feverish anxiety. A wretched brute, whose very stupidity, per haps, is the main cause of the atrocity of his crime, suddenly finds himself the ** cynosure of neighboring eyes," because his passions have found issue in a vengeance more shock ing in ita details than murders generally are. - Nay, we have even known bouquets and sweet-scented hU2*t dour to be thrown Into the prisoner'* box, where eat a genteel-look ing, elegantly-dressed man arraigned for murder, of whose guilt it was notorious that the proofs were overwhelming 1 Dow shall we explain the phenomenon ? Docs the secret of our sympathy in each eases lie in the fret, that. In the recital of some criminal action, we recognize in our selves a something which betrays a dim pos sibility of our committing that deed nuder temptation ? Is the criminal felt to be a brother, and are our thoughts like thore that prompt l ohi. Bonyan, when he saw a drunkard .ignoring along the street, men tally to exclaim 3 '" There, but for the grace of God, go *’ohn Banyan!" Doubt less, this Is a partial explanation of the enigma. We are eu. .led at seeing "as in a glass darkly ” a fearful reflection ol tie worst part of ourselves; and this snatches hold of our interest, and forces ns through all the details of the history. But, beyond that dim feeling of intimate connection with the prisoner at the bar there comes also into play the natural appe tite for emotion, wtaieb makca "the luxury of woe," jand which gives to sorrows a keen edge of pleasure unsuspected by the by stander. To the crowd, the murderer who dies publicly ou the scaffold, is not a blood thirsty aud desperate criminal, to be thrust out ot the world and the society whose laws he has outraged, or an example to deter from crime, but a sublime though spiralling spec tacle of the strength of endarance with which human nature can sustain itself In "the last and fearfuiest extremity.” He is a hero, more deeply romantic than any cf the heroes of the mimic drama, lor what they suffer he endures in dread reality. In him they behold the true passion —the genuine torture of the mind and tha body—the extreme catastrophe that can be fall a life of recklessness, of savage temper and unchecked passions; and, as men and women love to read of such creatures, to brood over them in novels and romances, and to follow them In mclo-dramas, It fol lows, as a matter of conrsc, that when they appear in actual flesh and blood, to perish on the scaffold, a curiority almost irresistible Is roused, in those having nerve for the crisis, to sec all that can be seen. Sprague, In bis poem on Curiosity, has vividly portrayed this feeling; "In the thronged court the rultsg pa*tloa read. Where- Story dooms, where Win and Webster plead ; Tet kindred minds alone frelr flights shall trace. Tbe beret pres* on to see a cutthroat’s face. Arouod the gallows' foot beho'd them draw, When the lost villain answer* to (ns lar; Foft eonlf, bow anxious on his paagi lo gloat, Wien the nle cord (ball tighten round bis Ibroa*; And ah! eseb hard-bought eland to quit bow grieved. When the ud rumor runs— * The man’* re prieved ** In short, wcall love “a sensation;” and hence a lire—a wreck—a domestic brawl—a murder—whatever It may be that culls the emotions Into play, is thereby a source of gratification ; and women, who are frr more •emotive than men, ate notoriously fond of “scenes,” because In “scenes” their emo tional activity Is called fbrth. A great crime makes ns shudder, and wc like shuddering. The horrible details haunt a terrified imagi nation ; and the greater the terror, the more exquisite the delight. Goldsmith under stood this when he made Tony Lumpkin’s aunt declare that she loved the novel more the more it made her cry. M.Boqufllcm, whom the French Govern tnmi set to eraicb for documents be*.lug on tbe life aod woikaof Gadlco, U said to have discovered a number of manuscripts, which be has been allow ed to copy, uilh a view to a biography. THS PEIfll!! BCILTSSS. The British Government, upon the escape of James Stephens, went through the for mality of offering a reward of £I,OOO for his capture, and at the same time refused to In vestigate the circumstances of his escape, or «vcn to punish the officer* through whose wsnt of proper vigilance that escape was only possible. There can hardly bo any question In the mind of any calm observer of Kenlanism, that Stephens has been playing tbe part of % fool, or that be is in point of tact acting in' behalf of tbe British Gov ernmentr and-against those of his country men who repose confidence, in him. Wc do understood as In any way Impeaching the Justice of the Fenian cause when we-say that we do not expect the slightest success to any movement made under the auspices of Stcphens, or that any movement calculated to be successful will tvj cr be undertaken by him. The Irish people are very enthusiastic In all thing* relating to the emancipation of their country, and tbelrown patriotism makes them most credulous. .They have been deceived time after time, and always by their own countrymen. The purest of their, patriots have been sold to death or bondage, and the honest ones have been fleeced of their money and betrayed into tbe bands of the British, and always by men who won their confidence by blatant professions of superior xeaL Stephens has been the head of tbe Fenian organization tor years. Daring that time money has been flowing to him from all parts of tbe world. Nothing, however, was done, until the Order in America became clamorous, when the British suddenly discovered Stephens, where he had been residing for years, arrested him «Ith his principal associates, including his brother-in-law; the parties were all lodged In prison; all were tried and convicted ex cept Stephens, who escaped under circum stances that strongly Indicate . offi cial connivance. His brother-in-law was tried, convicted, and then pardoned, and the others, of whose honesty there is ho doubt, were transported for terms varying from ten tolwenty years. Tbe American Fenians about this time broke up their organization, or made a new one, substituting Roberts for Stephens Immediately came to this country to take possession of all tbe funds of the Or der and to collect more. He utterly opposed the Invasion of Canads, and It Is supposed the British authorities had the fall benefit of whatever information be bad In his pos session. He remained in thin country as long as he could beg or borrow a dollar, promising to have a fight In Deland before New Year’s day. He left a represent atlvebehlnd him to pick up such dollars as might be contributed upon the strength of bibulous reports, and as soon as ihat la over, there will. In our judgment, be the end of Stephens’ Revolution In Ireland. There may be an outbreak, as there have been outbreaks before; there may tc a marshalling of the 4 coplc by tens of thousands, as can be had nt any time ; there may be a few conflicts between the people and the constabulary and soldiers, in which for a time the people will be successful, but then will come the collapse ; some hundreds of honest men will be arrested, convicted of treason, be hnng or transported, and the chains of De- land be made more galling than ever. Wc think that n candid reviewer of the whole agency of Stephens, must concede that the weight of testimony is to the cficct that that Individual bos been engaged in destroying the Fenian organiza tion, and placing Us leaders and Us men lo the hands of the British Government, using the money of the order for Us own destruction, and for tbe corruption of ID chosen leaders. Should Stephens be' successful In this mat ter—successful in betraying bis countrymen Into the hands of the English Government, white he will take high rank In tbe long list of those Irishmen who have proved false to their own country, he will nevertheless strike the cause of Dish freedom a more deadly blow than It has received for half a century. A CLEBIoAL BOPBBON. Rev. C. K. Marshall, a distinguished divine of Mississippi, has published a letter on the subject of educating the freedmen, in which he arrives at the sensible conclu sion, that not only Christian dnty, but mere . selfish policy demand that the South should ! more in this matter, and sec to it that the i colored children receive at leastarudimcntal \ English edneation. Although Mr. Marshall - was for many years a prominent teacher of I Christianity in a slave community, and a i bright and shining light in the church of . the South, ho seems not to bare discovered • the claims of Christian dnty In this respect, ! until alter the sword had smitten the power of slavery, and until after it became appa rent that If the South does not educate the negro, he will be educated by the T ‘ Yan kees" and “ Abolitionists" of the North. Until that time the reverend gentlcma ■. offered no protest against the barbarous laws of Mississippi which shut from the slave the light of kuowb idgc. Bnt cow the subject presents bself in a very different shape. To nse the language of the Vicksburg 3eraid % the ques tion with the South is, "Shall the negro be ed >:eahd for or against us P y In other words, shall he be taught by "Yankees" who believe that he should stand before the law os the equal of the white man, or by Southerners, who will Impress him with an adequate sense ofbis own Inferiority and the sublime and acupproachablcsnperiorlty of the Souiu ern chivalry I As soon as Mr. Mar shall discovered that this . was the state of the case (a fret which North appreciated long ago.) he suddenly discovered that religion itself plead for the instruction of the black race. Sensible and true as la Ur. Marshall’s con clusion, the argument by which be arrives ul it, if a remarkable mixture of old fogyisra, malignant hatred of free institutions, au Im placable enmity toward the North generally and New England especially, Southern ego ism and insolence, sanctlmouloua misrep resentation and grief for the failure of tbs rebellion. The maatadon whoso bones were disinterred from .beneath eighty-five feet of soil at Cohoes, the other day, does not more certainly belong to a past age than do the Rev. C. K. Marshall and his philosophy. One is amazed at the solemnity with which he states propositions which no man of sense ever believed, and which were, at the least, completely exploded by the war. For instance, he devotes no incon- siderable portion of his letter to show that the slaveholders are the benefactors of the negro; that slavery has accomplished a work of Improvement for the African before which “ all the boasted missionary enter* "prises conducted by the united powers "of Christendom in two hundred years ’‘past, pale aud sink from a comparison." We are told loat "the African slaves. In "the hands of masters, have made greater "Improvement physiologically, mentally and morally, and bare risen higher above ihe "level where the two races stood two hnn "dred years ago, than has the Caucasian." In saying that the slaves have improved physiologically, the reverend gentleman is doubtless correct, as It is well known that each successive generation of slaves has borne a more striking resemblance to the dominant race, both In color and features, than its predecessor. But to eay that the process of christianizing and civilizing them by reduc ing them to (he condition of chattels, by abrogating all marriage and family ties by subjecting them to the absolute will ard control of brnlal and lustful masters, by drivlncthem to unpaid labor, by shutting against them all the avenues of knowledge— to say that the results of such a system sur- I-ass "all tbe boasted missionary enterprises conducted by the united powers of Christen dom in two hundred years past," Is, we think, a very poor compliment to Christendom. Alter reading tbe reverend gentleman's views of the slave system, one is not sur prised to learn that he does not be lieve mneh in steam cars, steam boats or electric telegraphs. " After all,*’ he says, “we enjoy life no more, nor a* much, “as oar ancestors did, two hundred years “ago. Physically, I doubt if we hare Rained “at all; intellectnally, hat little; and If we “ have Improved In religion, It Is only In the "numbers of converts, not the depth or “ealinc qualities of onr piety.** It is evi dent that the Eev. Mr. Marshall would, on the whole, prefer the days of slow coaches and sailing vessels. It ts not strange that such a man Is prepared to announce that slavery has placed the African “ under the most enduing obligations of gratitude** to the slaveholders. Nevertheless the fact that this clerical Bourbon now finds it necessary to bestir himself In this matter of negro education, ►hows that mighty progress has been made, and Is fall of promise for the future. He pro pose* to compete with the “Yankees” In this good work, and we hope he will. Compe tition will result in shaking np the dry bones in a community led by such incorrigible old fo gits as the Key. C. £. Marshall, who breathes spite and bitterness against the self-sacri ficing men and women of the North, who take upon themselves the missionary and Christian work of going South to teach the colored children. He says if the South docs not do the work the North swarms wl*h those who will willingly undertake it, and who, “to avenge themedoe* on the hard decree of heaven, vhkh did not male them black, will incite In the heart of the freedman’a child, 11 possible, the profoundest loathing** for the citizens of the Sooth. Of course the Key, C. K. Marsh ill, when he penned that sentence, so/full of malice and nncharitableness, knew that he wrote an untruth. He did more. He be- trayed in a moment of impotent rage, the whole bad motive of his pies for negro eda cation, and exhibited the monstrous hypoc risy of his long and pompons displiy of piety in the fore part of hi* letter. It Is not from a desire to do justice to the blacks, but for the pnrpose of shutting out the “Yankee schoolmt’ams« that the reverend gentleman ha* been so moved to this display of godliness. But it matters Utile to the negro what the motive for educating him may bo, fo that he is educated. Wo wish oil success to Mr. Marshal! in the work. SPITTING. Some ot onr contempomrlei ere “ eirinc ' rol j* 1 >o | erics" with dennncleUone of the prectlco of eplt, eplt, spitting, which U eo rife m thle conntij among emokcie. ehew-‘ «*, and snuffers, especially In the West. The subject Is not a very dignified one, but that Henr * Ward Beecher did not disdain some years ago to take up the cudgel* against the practice, and even to denounce it from the pulpit. Willis Gaylord Clark, too, wrote one of hU best eatays on “American PtyalUm.” We Americana, have often provoked the sar casms of foreigners by this habit, and spit as we may at .the exaggerations of travelling cockneys and cosmopolitan old -must be owned that we are notoriously the Whether the corporeal jnlccs are more abundant In the Yankee than in other per sons, we know not ;but, at any rate, the practice Is a most filthy one, and we wonder that gentlemen, who are scrupulously neat and cleanly in other respects should addict themselves to it. Jt ispfcrhsps Impclem to look for a reformation so long as the Virgl nla weed retains Us despotism over the nation. It Is enough, however, to make Aestor himself “ show his teeth ’i the way of smile;” to hear the many eloquent decla mationa on woman’s Influence, especially on the profound homage shown to her in this country.considcring that with all her charms, she cannot rescue man from the witchery of tobacco. Think of a man’s pretending to love his wile, who compels her, whenever she would kiss him, to bring her chaste, pooling lips, “like two young rose leaves tom,” in contact with what by courtesy Is called the mouth of a man, but which, in reality, Is nothing better than a damp tobacco box! There are but two cases In which we can regard spitting as Justifiable; first, when one would moisten bis hands for some tongh Job, or for unavoidable fisticuffs; secondly, where we would express towards some contempti ble human puppy the utmost scorn, loathing and defiance, of which we are capable. Bol wer, in bis “England and the English,” speaks of a creature of this sort, under the name of Sneak (one Wcstmacott, a common libeller,) in the following Indignant phrase: “His soul rots In hla profession, and yon tpU when you hear bis name!” Who does not readily pardon—nay, almost feel impressed with a sense of grandeur in—Rebecca’s an swer, In Jvanhoe, when the lustful Templar, Brian de Bois-Guilbcrt, Invades her In her tower, to compass her dishonor? Standing on the parapet,ready to spring from that dizzy height Into the court-yard below, she ex claims to the craven knight, with a look of withtring, ircffable co.tempt: “1 fpii at thee—l defy thee! Thanks to him who reared this dizzy tower so high, Ifearth e not. Advance one step nearer my person, nudl will plunge, to be crushed oat of tbe Vjrj form of humanity, into the deep be neath !” One can almost hear the scornful saliva darting from the curled lips of the Jewess, and cannot but hope tbit it may take lodgment on the brazen visage of her enemy. ** To conclude—docs not a man, who is al ways spit, spit, spitting, deserve to be tpUted, aticasfwith an editor’s goose-quill? or, if this punishment Is too severe, can he, upon the most charitable construction of the laws of etiquette, expect-to-rate as a ircntlemaa ? DOOLITTLE) DIXON, COWAN, AND NORTON. TLc action of the Senate In deposing Doo little, Cowan, Dixon, and Norton from the important places they held on committees, and giving them back se-ta among the Cop perhead-, is right and proper In every point of view. Those individuals, elected by Re publican Legislatures, In the belief that they were honorable and reliable members of the great Republican party, have seen proper to turn traitors to thtlr party and desert to the enemy. Having thus absconded from the Republicans and taken refuge in the ranks of the Coppcrjohuson-rebcl parti , they were no longer entitled to hold the places on the committees assigned to them when they were acting with the Republican party. They stand before the country as recreants, impeached and repudiated by their constitu ents, and it Is fitting and proper thas to brand them as deserters and expunge their names from the Republican rolls. If these men had a particle of honorable man hood, or a spark of shame In their composi tion, they would never show their heads again In the Senate house, but wonld resign their offices into the hands of the people whom they misrepresent and betray. They have no moral right to retain (he Senator ships alter they cease to carry oat the whl of their constituents. They have become, in effect, usurpers of office. They are no longer repretmlatlrea of the people of the States they come from. They represent Johnson and the rebels, bat not the loyal freemen of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Pennsyl vania and Connecticut. If they were any thing but brassy, unprincipled politicians, with sensibilities os obtuse as the hide of a rhinoceros, they would do two things, in stantly resign, and then migrate to the South never again to be seen north of Mason and Dlxou's line, where they are unworthy to dwell, or to breath Its pore air. ' Cowan's term of office expires twelve weeks hence, when he will finish bis politic cal career. But the terms of Doolittle and Dixon have unfortunately something more than two years to run. Ob, speed the wings of time! THE I HEDIBILIXT OP UISTOBY. LECTURES ON THE STUDY OP HISTORY, da lire red In Oxford, 1889-M. By.Qomww Snmu H.A. NtwYork: Harper & Brothers THE PEAIIIS AND S!OCr-PEARI.S OF HIS TORY. Loudon tjaarieilv Review, 1 Cl. 1 Ore of the moat painful moments lu the experience of a student, Is when, alter hav ing spent years in acquiring a knowledge of ILc past—ln budding painfully, brick by brick, an edifice of historical learning—a' donbt suggests Itself whether the whole •structure docs not rest on sandy foundation?.. That compiled histories, like those of Qnmc' and Gibbon, written by persons not con cerned in tbe events, should abound in cr-, rors, is not strange; but it does startle ns to be told that original memoirs, describing' what men profess to have seen with their own eyes, or to have gathered from the lips of the actors themselves, are sckrccly less likely to misrepresent the taels than derived history. If we may not implicitly beltc\ e Robertson, Prescott, and Macaulay, shall* we not credit Clarendon, Barnett, and Sul lv? Yet modern Investigation has shown that in the latter class of writers ialsiflca tions, exaggerations, and distortions of fact, are nearly as frcqncnt as in the former. Who is not familiar with tbe despairing exclamation of Sir Walter Raleigh on vainly trying to get at the rights of a squabble which be bad witnessed in the court-yard oft he Tower in which be was Imprisoned; “ileream I," he cried, “ employed in writ ing a History of tbe World, when I can not asceitaln the troth of what happens nndcr my window.” So the Dnke of Sally tells ns that, after the battle of Anmaule, Henry IV., being slightly wounded, con versed familiarly with some of his officers touching the perils of the day; "upon which,” says the Duke, ‘‘l observed, as t-omel slug very extraordinary, that, amongst ns all who were in the chamber, there were not two who agreed in the recital of the most particular circumstances of the ac tion." Doubtless differences like these result from the different stand-points of the observers, just as two or more observers behold each a different rainbow, since the sun’s rays are not reflected in the eyes of any two persons exactly in the same angle. Yet the rainbows arc mainly tbe stme, and so it may be with the differences of historians. Bnt what If the discrepancies are essential, so as funda mentally to vary tbewholestatcmcnt? What If the witnesses are weak in intellect, dnll of perception, dishonest, prejudiced, or deeply Interested to give a lying account of the whole atisir ? It may be thought that a historian living many ages after tbe events he de scribes, Is guarded against error by the fact that ho can judge calmly and philosoph ically of men and their acts; that be can fclfl the statements of contemporary chroni clers, balancing one misstatement against another, and thus ascertain tbe pre cise amount of troth. But by w bat rule is he to decide among a variety of conflicting statements? By what balr-bal ance is be to weigh the exact amount of credulity to be attached to each* Knowing that, as Boilcao says, "Xe rrat' n'est pas (oujevrste m-wemWoWe," —that Troth often lacks verisimilitude—shall be declare that to be true which looks the most probable ? Again: Is it quite certain that distance from the events guard* the historian against prejudice? Is there not too much grouud for the sarcasm of Bey. F. W. Robertson that history, in ninety-nine cases ont of a hun dred , 1* merely Mr. Hume’s or Mr. Gibbon's theory, substantiated by a dry romance, un til Sir. Somebody else comes sM writes the romance in At* way, the facts being pliable and equally available for both? What are Milford's and Thirl wall’s Histories of Greece but elaborate and disguised party pamphlets, demonstrating, the one arUtocratleal princi ple* from Grecian history, the other demo 1 cralical principles from precisely the same >scU? Or what is Alison's History hot “Mr. Wordy’s account of the French Revo luiion in twenty volumes, written to shew that Providence was always on the side of the Tories ?” Has not Mr. Fronde shown that the so-called frets of hUtory ore ductile, and can be manipulated so as to establish any dctlred theory—even theories the most opposite? And what, in fret, is the spirit of past ages, as preserved In most histories, bat “the spirit,” - as Faust said to the student, “of this or that good gentleman In whose mind those ages are reflected ?’’ Perhaps no historian over piqued himself more on his judicial equanimity than David Home. It was a favorite boast of bis, that bis first account of the Stnaits was free from all bias, and that he bad held the balance between Whig and Tory with a delicate and Impartial hand- Yet, that his prejudices powerfully warped his mind, so as to render him altogether unsafe as a historian, there can be no donbt. Ten years alter the first publication of bis work, Irritated by the out cry azalnst him “for presuming,*’ as he ex presses it, M lo shed a generous tear for the late of Charles tbe First and the Earl of Strafford,” he avenged the censure by re casting bis historical verdicts so as to render them offensive to the party that had attacked him. Among his intimate friends at Edin burgh was an old Jcsnlt, who, like most of the order, was a scholar and a man of taste; and to his criticism, as the parts were fin ished, the HSS. was submitted. Just alter the publication of Elizabeth's reign, the priest chanced to turn over the pages, »nd was astonished to find on the printed page, sins of the Scot tish Queen that never sulliedthewrlttcn one. Mary's character was. the exact reverie of what he had read In the manuscript. Seek ing the author, he asked tbe meaning of this. “ Why,” replied Hume, “ the printer said he would lose £SOO by that story; indeed, he almost refhsed to print it; so I was obliged to alter It as you saw.” It Is not, however, by positively fate state ment* that Hume usually pervert* the truth of history. It is by suppression and exag geration, by gliding lightly over some parts and scrutinizing others with the utmost severity—Just as the author of tbe Decline and Fall of tbe Roman Empire has Gibbonted the vast tract over which he has traversed— that Hume commonly deceives the reader; a process by which, as Macau! ey truly says, “ it is easy to make a saint of Land or a ty rant of Henry IV.” But what exactness could be expected of an historian who wrote lying— on a sofa ? Nothing can surpass the exquisite ease and vivacity of Homo’s narration; but be was 100 Indolent to trouble himself about accu racy. Instead of applying hla powerful crit ical faculty to sift truth out of tradition, he repeats legendary and half mythological sto ries with the same air of belief as the well authenticated events of modern times. Es sentially a classicist of the Voltaire and Old est school, be despised too heartily the barbarous monkish chroniclers to think of going through the drudgery of examining Ihelr writings, and winnowing the grains bi fact they contain from the chaff of supersti tion* and Imaginative detail. We need not be surprised, therefore, that the searching Investigation to which his history was sub jected some years ago by George Brodio brought to light so many departures from truth, both wllfbl and unintentional. Even had Home struggled against his in dolence and bis pr ’adices, there Is one source of error which ho could not have avoided. In condensing a narrative from the old chroniclers, and giving tbe pith of their statements In modem phraseology, the his torian almost unavoidably gives us a new and different story. The events, characters, all the features of the time, undeigo a kind of translation or paraphrase, which material ly changes their character, and gives a false impression to tbe reader—an impression as false as that which Dryden has given of Cbauccr by his attempts to modernize the old bard. Every one knows how com pletely the aroma—the bouquet of the old poet—the sly grace of his lan guage—the exquisite tone of nnfrete— which, like tbe lisping* of infancy, give such a charm to bis verse—have evaporated in the process of transfusion Into more modem lan guage. Words and ideas arc so mystically connected—so connatural—that the mod ernization of on old author is substantially a new book. It is not tbe potting of old thoughts into a new dre«s; it is the substi tution of a new thought, more or less changed from the original type. Language is not the dress of thought; it is tbe iacama tion of thought, and “it controls both tbe i hyeloguomy and the organization of the idea it utters.” No one who has not compared the elegant and polished histories of Hume, Robertson, and -Macaulay with the homely old chroni cles on which their works are based, wonld dream of the extent to which vho facts have been tortured and metamorphosed. Not only are dry, naked facts amplified, so as to clothe the skeleton of history with flesh and blood, but chasms are filled up, and new facts added, to eke ont the-story, and make It more "sensational;" while the entire nar ration is often so clipped, and rounded off, :ind polished, that the crignal author, were he to rise from the dead, wonld not recog. nizehis own offspring. Popular opinion and the so-called “dignity of history" too often compel the writer to subbrdinate faithful nets to impression. Hannibal most never be • nc'-cycd, nor Marshal Veudomo hump-back- a; isuwarrow must be a giant In size, at well as In Intellect; Kelson, though dwarfish and lame, mast stride the deck with the bod;, as well os the soul, of a hero; and all -he facts mast lose their ngliauss or gro tesqnenccs, and hare the smoothly-clipped uniformity of a Dutch ewe-trec. Who, again, it not familiar with the reha bilitations of historical villains, which have become so fashionable with recent histori- ans? Not only has dUchard 111. been “ro c< nstrncted,” so as to lose both hit physi cal and hit moral hump; not only hat the Bluebeard of English history, llenry v’ili.J uccn transformed Into almost a model hus ; bind, whose only fault was excessive oxori oosnees; not only has “bloody Mary” loti nctriy all her blood, except that running in her own veins; not only has Cataliue, whom in our school-boy days we learned so to exe crate,'been whitewashed into a much-abusea jatriot; but even the Duke of Alva hat been metamorphosed from a cruel and cold- blooded bigot Into a “cool, ar-teclng statesman,” and Kero himself, the fyncmjm of cruelty, will doubtless be pi oved to have been outrageously slandered, and some Fronde or Niebuhr will yet show (bat when he fiddled while Rome was burn! tug, he was only playing some “Dead March m Saul,” or other fttnereal strain, asa safety! valve to bis agonised feelings I If ♦he veri diets of the post arc thus to be unsettled,’ and this process Is to go on till all the “crook-backed tyrants” ol history shall have been physically and morally straight coed, and its pages purified from all cut* throats—as if our historians had resolved to imitate Canning’s judge, who "Swore, with keen, discriminating eight. Black's not so blark, nor wnite so very white,” —how shall we know when the real truth, the “hard-pan” of past events has been reached, and that history, now so changeful, has made her final statement, never to be reversed, and which shall render her worthy Of her proud boast tbat she is “philosophy teaching by examples?” FEUUjLBTOIT. which wc do not mean vhe art of money-making exclusively. This is “ more matter and less art.” A matter of consider able importance to art-interests In this country, however, for it has always exerted the greatest influence on the fine arts. While iliis Influence has always been an encourag ing one, it has not in fevery instance en couraged real art. But on the other hand 1 , the hope ot pecuniary reward has certainly m no instance discouraged time talent and earnest endeavor. So that wc may include the art of money-making, so peculiarly American, among the fine arts. Just as we coll the individual, who has amassed large »ums of money and spends a fair proportion ufit for pictures, a eoanofantr, whether he knows anything about pictures or not. The fact is that we haven't kings and princes and noblemen to bestow court favors upon artists, and spend the public money in support of their labors. We haven't as yet ;asscd over many centuries, In which to collect gems and fill whole galleries with master pieces. We haven't moss-grown churches, in which from age to age some genius has frescoed an arch or sketched BSble-scescs. We haven't yet unearthed cities and discovered ancient torsas. Illus trated histories of anatomy. Oarforc fathers left us the Declaration of Independence and a blessing. In all other things wo were to begin from the beginning. Under these circumstances it is by no means hnmUlatlcg to our national pride to acknowledge tbat American art Is In its In fancy. Indeed, if this were acknowledged more generally, we could the sooner leave our swaddling garments and, creeping first, learn to walk without being bow-legged. It has become a bablt with our metropolitan papers to boast of everything American, and not less of art. Perhaps this Is because they will not acknowledge to the outside world, and because they think that universal en couragement will prove the best Incentive to art-culturc. But this buncombe is easily recognized when brought free to free with frets by ibose who take only a general and not a national interest In such matters, and our snail-like progress In matters of art is owing more to universal encouragement than anything else. New York critics take every opportunity to declare that their city Is the greatest art centre this side of Berlin, since the Earl of ElUmore, who accompanied the Prince of Wales on his visit to this country, ordered a picture from Gignonz, at a cost of |IO,(XX), — and assert that the declaration has been sub stantially supported by another order from the same source to the same artist at the same price. ‘Whether this Is a compliment to the artist alone, or to the country alone,or to the country and its artists, could be decid ed best upon the merits of the painting. It is Just as much a hobby with these New York critics to accredit all specimens o( art, whether in music or painting, unworthy any country, to the West. They do cot tbit when they call the metropolis an art centre, they make It the art-centre for the whole country. Jut u London U for Eng land, Paris for France,' Berlin for Northern Germany, and Munich for Sonthern Ger many. ■Without quarrelling with them under this reckoning, It is time to qoarrel with them and those people, who are so fortunate as to hare sufficient means to support art, about the universal encouragement. The fulsome praise, accorded everything with and without pretensions to merit, savors more of ingen ious advertising than of true criticism, and utterly fails to draw the distinctions necessary to a discriminating culture of the floe arts. The promiscuous way in which men of means distribute their money among painters, with regard only to extent of canvas and orna mentation of frames, seems to place the artist of ability upon a par with the dauber and makes coloring the only expensive fea ture in the production of the work. With art, as with books, for some time past, mnch more consideration has been given to quan tity than to quality, and it is not an unusual occurrence to knock down vast collections of variously colored canvas under the hammer by the piece. It should be sold by the yard. The trouble is that American art assumes proportions altogether at variance with Its age. Like Topey, “it never was born; it jnst g rowed.” We are not lacking In ma terial, either fbr subject-matter, or for abil ity in execution, or for appreciation. The fault Is to be found in the development and education. As to subjects, we have everything of a primitive character, which is all that can he desired for poet or painter, and it is notice able that those of oar artists who have been wise enough to avail themselves of this ad vantage, have In every instance been mast successful. Instance Bierstadt and Church. The reputation of each artists is not con fined to a city or a country. It extends to those cities and countries where favorable criticism is of mnch more value, where cultivated taste and educated Judgment lend a tangible and a durable worth to all that is pronounced good. PrimiUveuesa is ihe best field for originality, and originality is the highest gift of an artist. True art is creative, and it is not only in the wilds of South America, or the grandeur of the Rocky Mountains, or the beauty of the Hudson, that the primitiveness of our country affords ad vantage to the artist. It is as mnch in the character of cur people and the genius of our institutions. It is in everything which con tains in Itself the germ of offspring. For instance, portrait painting Is one of the highest orders of art, and the painter, who onitea application with talent, may at tain a position by portrait minting, os envi able and distinguished, as In any other branch of bis profession. Healy, of our city, la an exponent. Originality again, whether as to the conception of the work, or in the execu tion, or In the coloring, Is a merit which most always insures success, as in the case of George Inncss. The inexpediency of universal encourage ment Is to be found among painters them selves. Under such a system, a man with the greatest confidence Imaginable takes the easel and j fine colors, who shoold have confined himself to plain white and a ladder. The primitive na*nre of our country and tal ent again Is demonstrated in the very decided success which American sculptors have at tained, as compared with American painters. It is the same primitirencss which prodneed such grand work of art In marble among the ancients, while their paintings wore so unas suming, The chisel before the pencil. Wc have already Rogers, whose woudcrfal doors to the Capitol have been compared with the doors to the sacristy of the Florence cathe dral, of which Michael Angelo said, “they were fit to be the gates to Paradise ;” Pow ers, with bis Greek Slave and fifty works of hardly less merit; Hart, with his ingcaloas, thousand-pointed machine for taking all the points and perfect dimensions of head and bust; Meade, the young Vermonter,who be gan by building images in snow; Story, Mills and others, who wonld do credit to an older country. The faihion of encouraging art develops merely an ambition to spend most money upon it, without In reality educating the teste of the people. Tssto is susceptible of education, and particularly in the flue arts. Painting and the love of painting are sup plied from outward observation. The art consists in spiritualizing painting, in giving it asonl. And as the workings of the mind, the essence of spiritual being and all that is super sensible In the composition of man, are understood. If at all, only by and through education, so the art of painting can only be appreciated through culture. It is very natural for a child to cry after a picture book, but he will enjoy an albnm of family pictures fully as much as a port-folio of eehantUion* taken from the Dresden Gallery or Roman VatlcUn. That child grown will take more Interest In taming the leaves of a popular Illustrated paper than In the contemplation of the TVatvfiffuraUon, if bo has always been with* out advantages of observation and culture. The national love for painting Is crudo and seeks simple gratification for the sense ot sight. To be discriminating and apprecia tive, it requires education. . This can cer tainly never be arrived at by unqualified praise of all that is American in an. It, ton, should partake of the comparatively primi tive nature of things, among which it finds Its place. Excellent water-colors arc prefer able to execrable colorings In oil. Success ful and original delineations of humor are superior to base "attempts at something grander. Natural scenery, character in por traits, smaller pictures and fewer of them, substantial encouragement to real art, but positive discouragement to wholesale danb* log, slow but steady progress, will prove to be more beneficial to American art than the rapid way in which wo accomplish most things. UTEBATTBE. If there were any falling-off in tbc trade of book-making, we should say that the literary tendency of the day, bulb In England and at home, was toward periodic*’ As it is, there seem?' __ . .oout an equal increase in both r, , of conveying to tbo pubitc mind s.aic idea of the brilliancy and enidt“on of the age. The Sound Table, a weekly which has achieved the success of notoriety, in one issue asserts that there is not a single “ hebdomidal ” In the country which has my claim to merit except itself. In another, It is as uncharitable toward the monthlies and quarterlies. (We Infer that the* editors were ignorant of the French equivalents for these English words, or they would have employed them.) Still, it re commends periodicals as the most advanta* neons methods of getting into print. It mnst be admitted that each form bas Us ad vantages. First, contributions to periodicals are necessarily more contracted than book forms. “Brevity Is the sonl of wit,’’ and where there is wit, It is certainly an advan tage. Where there Is no V. which Is very apt to be the ease, brevitr not be objec tionable to tbc reader. Fa* in contributing to periodical literature, the writer Is usually forced to keep his light under a bushel. When be writes a book, U is most always accredited to bis name in full, and he revels In the congratulations of his family and a few select friends. This ought to be highly gratifying, for U Is frequently the only grati fication he enjoys. Whatever may be tbe merits of the argument, pro and con, compe tition has the. apparent result of assisting both methods. Both are highly popular, for books without number are published, and new periodical enterprises are inaugurated so frequently that they will soon cease to be periodical. In London there are two Belgravia*, each of w hich lays claim to originality of title and both of which are tenacious, because the title Is a fashionable one. Country Word* Is still later. With ns, we hare a literary colossus in embryo, yclept AibrfAera Light*, which a wag bas already pronounced a roarer . Fred. Doogtass has been writing for the Atlantic. Query; If he should write tor the new magazine, would be be a North .ern Light ? As a set-off, w© are to have Vagrant Learct from London, which, we arc assured, will not be compiled from the police reports. With ns again, we are to have the Ttirenidefor Young JbEfc*. If ©u ©nr maga zines for young folks are read by young folks, our young folks will be the most ex tensively retd young folks In the world. Then comes an American Journal of Horii eu&ure and FloritCt Cbmponfon. The name Is a long one, but the enterprise is a cor respondingly good one. The horticultural interests of the country demand an enter prising and intelligent organ. There is a science to gardening, which can be devel oped in no way so effectually as by means of open discussion. One would think that the magazines and other periodicals now in existence would be able to serve up literary pabnlnm enough to supply the demand. But one cannot read everything. In fact, it wonld require the combined efforts of several to read all the weekly and monthly trash which publishers pat upon the market. But we may confi dently look forward to a literary miUeniom. Many of these periodicals are only ventures, among which the pnbliowQl choose, and the rest, unsupported, will die a natural death. In the meantime, it to to be deprecated that there is so much of a weak and ephemeral character, which reaches, to a great extent, the younger portion of the community. Ru inous to the memory, and enervating the mind, it should be kept oat of the hands of those who have not the judgment to know what they should read. The trash to which we allndc. most of it coming from Kew York, Is too well-known to require any farther specification. There seems to be the less excuse for such staff, while wor thy enterprises in the periodical line are so successful. ZWry Satmiay has a cir culation of 15,000, and If the enterprise of the conductors and publishers continues, as it is likely to, it will soon double its circula tion ; the Atlantic issues £O,OOO copies, and Ticknor & Field’s Toung ) ib 00,000. EUBOPE. letter from Paris. A Scene on (be Boorae—Finance and Suicide-Frogrcfia o£ the Exposition Building—Bow to Bat In Parts— Bints to Shoppers—Napoleon and Ills Dummy—The Confederate Brtleo— Breckinridge, Gwln, Saunders and airs. Benjamin. ICorrespondence of the Chicago Tribune.) Paso, November IS, 1568. Lthlnkl made a grand discovery yesterday —one relating to a matter which has for many years troubled the minds of physicians aedfonnu in this, the most pleasure-loving city in the world. The discovery relates to suicide, and the canso which Indnces one Frenchman to make a Jump from the Pont Ncuf into the Seine; another to descend from the July Column without using the stair*; another to make a flying trip from a five or six story win dow to the pavement; and another, or, perhaps, two, (supposing them to be lovers,) to smother himself or themselves with char coal vapor. My discovery may not receive the credit which it is really entitled to, bat 1 look upon It in an exceedingly favorable light, and have serious thoughts of getting it patented. I lay the whole blame on the Bourse, and believe 1 can make out a first rate case, for at noon yesterday, when I took mv seat In the gallery, the few Frenchmen who were on the main floor acted in a per fcclly rational manner; whild at one o’clock they and the later corners were capering around in all manner of grotesque attitudes and jelling out in such a way as to scare nearly every foreigner In the gallery. Oue of our party, who had never been in a lunatic asylum, said to me, “Well, they are a funny set of fellows I” And another, who spent several years of his life in the South west, before the war, remarked, If they were Arkansas or Texas folks, they wouldn't abuse each other that way without some body being carried out.” In the meantime the row increased, and by half-past one it bad reached the point which was onee des cribed by Isiah after the sudden breaking up of a bolt Shell Convention, as “ almighty lively.” Not understanding mnch of the French language, the American party In the gallery could not account for the riot, untu, after the adjournment, they were informed by an attache of Consol Nicolay's office that it had probably been caused by the rise of onc ntth of a sou In French rentes; “ and as the rise couldn’t have been more than that,” said the attache. “ the meeting was undoubt edly a very quiet one, because the Bourse never gets, excited unless the rise or fall amounts to at least two centimes.” “ Why,” said one of the party, in great sur prise. “I never heard such an infernal row in all my life, and if you call to-day’s meeting a quiet one, I can’t siy that I cato about attending one that’s disorder ly.” ‘‘Oh, they never get disorderly,” re plied the attache, “as Americans understand the term; they certainly make a great deal of noise when the ‘ Bourse Is excited,’ but they don't barm anybody, and although you may have supposed some of them wore shaking their fists In others’ faces for the purpose of getting up a fight, they only did so to show that they were earnest In making their bids.” * When oar party passed oat of the Bourse, and made oar way to the Malson Doroc, the ligiilmatc connection between the scene at the Bourse and suicide occurred to me: and the next time I hear that any dally operator at the Bourse has made a leap from the Arc de Triomphe, or that bu body has been fished out or the Seine and Is on exhi bition at the Morgue, I shall pass the mat ter by as being one of the Inevitable results of cause and effect. Such Is my discovery. You are welcome to it, for, upon second thought, 1 have con cluded not to apply for a patent. THE EXPOSITION. The Exhibition building, in the Champ de Mars, is said' to be in a satis factory state ; but a vast amount of labor is still to bo done upon It, as well as upon the surrounding grounds, which, although at present covered with different kinds or debrCi, are expected by opening day to be as beautiful as French landscape gardeners can make them. The building is on the opposite side of the Seine from the Tnillerics, directly in front of the bridge of Jena, ana probably two or two and a half miles from the Grand Hotel. It will cover about forty-eight acres, and is intended to be a capital specimen of French skill and industry. The grounds will comprise nearly seventy-six acres, and a liberal 1 port of the same will. If the original plan Is carried oat,

be called The Park of the United States. The managers of the affair arc evidently dis posed to give the United Slates plenty of room, not only inside of the bunding for storage, but outside for drives and prom enades. - _ now TO LITE 131 PARIS. An immense number of Americans are ex pected next spring, aud hotel and restaurant keepers anticipate rich pickings. And per haps a few words of advice to each of jour readers as Intend to come, may not be out of place in this connection: If the party is a single man, and has no disposition to be unnecessarily fleeced, he bad better, upon bis arrival, give his banker an order to flud him a sleeping room in a convenient -part of the city, say within three or four squares of the Hotel da Louvre, or of the Grand Hotel, or of the lower end of tbe Boulevard des Italicos. At this time furnished rooms can be obtained in these lo calities at low rates—some of them, of small fize, being procurable for twelve francs a mouth, including attendance. It is all folly for a man to put up at cither one of the big hotels, at a cost for room of from five to forty francs a day. and to dine at , the tdbU d'hote for three or four times the price that would be charged him fora good meal at a respectable restaurant. Bat it's not tbe thing, exactly, to patronize tbe restaurants on tbe Boulevards, for they are gotten up in grand >tvle. and some of them are said to pay 200,000 francs a year rent; consequently their charges are high, and one doesn't get any better dinner fur eight or ten francs at the Restaurant Foy or Maison Do roe than he coold get si Kinsley’s in yoar city for half the money. A short distance, however, from either of tbe Boulevards, in any given di rection, are numerous restaurants that set very good tables at reasonable prices—say fifteen to twenty cents for breakfast, and twenty-five cents to half a dollar for dinner. A dinner in almost any ot there places for a quarter of a dollar conebts of a dish of soup, half a pint of moderately good claret, two plates of meat, one plate of vegetables, and about half a pound of first-rate bread- Dessert and coffee would cost ten cents extra. 1 was in Paris nearly six weeks before I learned bow to j:t a ebean breakfast or din ner. but was finally posted by a pood Samar itan in the shape of a New Yorker, who was frank enough to say to me, one day, upon learning that I badjust paid away seven francs and a half for a dinner at the Trols Freres, that 1 was a bigger fool than he bed given me credit for being. He further raid that Ais dinners were very fair, and that they usually c< st him a franc each, although occasionally be was eztraTigant enough to nay a franc and a half. At his request I ained with him next day, at a small but neatly kept restaurant, in the Faubourg Montmartre, and the price for both din ners was three francs and twenty-fire centimes—sixty-fire cents. There was as much on the table as we felt like eating and the cooking was dene to a turn. Since then 1 hare eaten at the same place, at an average daily expense cl about forty-five cents, exclusive of ten cents for the inevitable cap of black coffee and cognac in tbc early morning—a bever age which every Parisian and nearly every sojourner In Paris appear to consider the next thing to the undiscov ered elixir of life. MBS. BEKSAXXX. Among the gay equipages that dash along the Boulevards and through the Champs Elysecs every pleasant afternoon, is fre quently to be seen that of Mrs. Benjamin, a Ife of Judah P., late Secretary of State of the deceased Confederacy. It is a well-gotten up affair, and Us appearance indicates that Mrs. Beniamin Is not In a suffering condition, so ur as finances are concerned. Her husband lives in London, at No. 10 SackvlUe street, most of tbe time, anti is said -to have dose very well, pecuniarily, since his admission to the English bar. GEOBOE X. SIC7TDEBS. Nearly every pleasant morning last sum mer, there sat, for an hour or two, on the pavement in front of the Grand Cafe, a short man with one of the reddest faces imagina ble, by tbe side of a decanter containing the best quality of cognac. The name of the man was, and perhaps still is, George N. ;» under*. He is reported to have left here suddenly several weeks ago, and his present address Is said to be London. The last time 1 saw George he looked rough, but be was as good on the corpulent question as when be acted the part of supe In the tragedy of Treason. He is said to be broken down financially, and to have lost tbe confi dence—if be ever possessed it—of his former employers. Tbc simple fret that he was seen a great many times last summer in the vicinity of French b-andy, Is proof positive that he has changed his diet since he left the United States, because before bis departure he dined at restaurants that sold nothing but “Bourbon” and ** Chestnut Grove.” uuuiuvu nuu bumuiu wvi«< nRBCKIXBIDGE. John C. Breckinridge was here during the summer, but I understand he has been rus ticating at Versailles for several weeks. While here, his wardrobe was in first-rate condition, and did not give out the least Idea that Us owner was in need of pecuniary assistance. Nearly every “exile” in Paris is said to be in comfortable circumstances. They have, in some measure, a society of their own, into which all who were given to the bad babit of wearing gray clothes a couple of years ago, can be admitted without much formality. Duke Gwin left here for the United States last month.~Bumor credits him with having pocketed a handsome sum when the Sonora colonization scheme collapsed; however that may be It ia certain tbat be supports his ex pensive family here in grand style, and is in the habit of wearing clothing quite as floe as that worn by his friend the Emperor of France. JfAPOLBOX ASD HIS DOOfT. Apropos of the Emperor: They hare a framy story in quiet circulation abbot him, to the effect that be frequently shows him self to the Parisians by proxy; in other words, that an Illiterate laborer is occasion ally taken Into tbe Tuilleries or St. Clond, and, after being pot through the necessary ordeal of dressing up la one of his Majesty’s snits, is placed on horseback or in a car riage, and trotted out for public admiration. Tbe resemblance between the Emperor and tbe dnmmy Is said to be perfect, and the de ception only to be detected when the dummy violates the strict orders tbat have been given him, not to open his month on anv account. lam not disposed to vouch for the truth of this yarn, hat give it to you precisely as It is confidentially told and Uoghed over in tbe cafes and other places of public resort. One thing is certa.n, how ever, tbat the Emperor was much indis posed during tbe summer—so much so that to August be was considered nearly as good as dead, and received trom bis religions ad viser extreme unction, which is seldom given DQtU the candle flickers wry dimly in the socket. Two days after this ceremony, be or tbe dam my rode for several hours on horseback at a military rorlew. Which was It ? dints pob bdoppino. Some yean ago, English and Ruslan trav ellers were the most popular with the shop keepers of Paris, but of late this popularity has been transferred to Americans. This change Is not to be wondered at, for a weal thy American is, in a foreign country, per fectly reckless in regard to expense. He buys what he has no earthly use for, and pays two or three prices tor it. and, as a gen eral rule, his wife and daughters are not slow to follow his example. The bill of a lady from New York, last month, for finery of different sorts, was in the neighborhood of 25,000 franca—ss,ooo. One of the Items represented a fan, at a cost of 200 francs. But the lair purchaser, with all of her apparent disregard of expense, was really up to the tricks of French trade, for she employed an American commission mer chant, who has been located here many years, to assist her in Her purchases, and to check off the items; and the re sult was that she saved at least a thousand francs, even after paying the merchant a liberal commission for his time and trouble. But if she intends to run up such a bill every month, she bad better advise her husband to return home by the first steamer, and secure a new contract of some kind, or else go into the oil business at Pit Hole. R.M.W. THE GAS MOSOPLY. The Evil and the Remedy. Chicago. December?, 1888. Editors Chicago Tribune: I would respectfully request of you the re* publication of the articles prepared by me for your paper on the subject of "the Gas Monopoly.” As the session of the Legisla ture is approaching it is of importance to call public attention to this important sub ject so that the necessary legislation may be in course of consideration and preparation. Since the publication of these articles the people of Cincinnati have (as I am advised) voted by a large majority to adopt the same remedy for the gas monopoly which was re commended in these articles, via; to have the city tarnish the gas in the same manner as it does the water. Your* truly, TUB OAS MONOPOLY. Editors Chicago Tribune Now that the question of good water and the cleansing of the river are satisfactorily arranged, the next great matter of public interest and importance which demands to be considered and disposed of in such a man ner as to subserve the public interests, Is the question of the supply of gas. I propose in a few articles In your paper to consider the following propositions: I. The evils of the present system. 11. The practicable remedy for these evils. It is hardly necessary even to discuss the question whether the present mode of sup plying our people with gas is satisfactory to the public. You can scarcely mention the subject of gas to any citizen (unless -bo chances to own stock in the Gas Company), who will not express with great emphasis and earnestness his condemnation of the present company’s operations. While the Erico has been advanced from S3AO until it as reached the large sum of $3.80 per thou sand, the quality of gas furnished is gcuer ally regarded as decidedly Inferior to that which was previously furnished at the lesser price. The company are not justified, in the fmblic estimation, in this enormous increase □ price. It is well known that their stock is not upon the market, and that It is gener ally regarded as yielding very large returns to the lew gentlemen who are so fortunate as to hold It. No such increase of price was, therefore, required to cover the cost of pro duction and a fair profit to the manufacturer. The supply of gas being entirely within the control oi this private company, and the article an absolute necessity of city life, they have It In their power to regulate the prices to suit themselves, and of course are gov erned only by the consideration of their own pecuniary interests. In May, 1859, when the People’s Gas Com pany had been organized and were desirous to furnish gas to the city, the Chicago Gas Company entered Into a contract to supply the city with gas at the rate of $2 a thousand for ten years. In the same contract it was provided that the price of gas furnished by the company to private consumers should never, during the contract with the city, ex ceed |3 per thousand feet, and that the price should not be increased beyond the then rate of $2.50, unless, on sn economical manage ment of the company, the net profits should fall below ten percent per annum.” These terms were agreed to by the Gas Company, and a contract to that effect was entered into. This agreement would not expire until 1609, and by Its terms we onght to bo now supplied with gas at the rate of $3.50 or $3 a thousand at the highest. It Is stated that the Corporation Counsel, Mr. Ayer, gave an opinion that this clause was not legally bind ing, and that the company could not bo com pelled to comply with It by the citizens. As to the correctness of this opinion some doubt may well be entertained, and it would bo worth while for some of the heavy consum ers of gas to bring the matter to toe teat of a judicial decision, if practicable. But, how ever the matter may stand as a question of dry law, there Is no doubt that the company entered Into this contract and agreed to for nlsh cas to the people at the price named, and they are equitably and morally bound to fulfil that contract. Kor is there any reason why they should not ihlfil it, It is said that prices have increased, and the cost of xnann lacture is enhanced. Will it be pretended that this company, on ** an economical man agement,” would not receive ten percent' profit if they fhrnished the gas to the citi zens at the price stipulated in said contract? If it be so, the public impression in respect to the value of tbelr stock and the profits the company have made isgreatly mistaken, and K wQI not be until tbe citizen* shall bare such an exposition of its past earnings as shall satisfy them that, Including cash and stcck dividends and accumulated profits la new machinery, Unas of pipe, &c., they have not received ten percent upon tbelr invest ment. that they wIU feel at all satisfied to submit to the increase of price of $l3O above the lowest, and eighty cents above the highest price named in that contract. it is perfectly weU known that so far as the cost of coal is concerned the value of the coke has increased proportionately, and in consequence of the large demand fur tar for the Nicholson pavement and for roofing, aud other purposes, a good price Is obtained for that, and although prices of labor, Ac., have enhanced, yet tbe profits of such a company depend greatly on tbe amount of gas sold, and we have no doubt that the company, u itb the vast increase of the amount sup plied arising from the growth of the city. Is making a larger percentage of profit to-day than at the time this contract was entered into. Tbe Inferior quality of the gas sup plied Is also a cause of general and Just com plaint. It has been stated, and 1 believe It to be correct, that the poorer tbe gas is the greater Is the amonnt ot It which has to be consumed to accomplish the same amount of illumination. In other words, Inferiority consists Id the presence in toe gas of non combustible and non-illuminating matter, add to tbe extent this is present the gas Is of no value; that-this portion of the gas simply escapes without ignition and is lost. So that id point offset tbe company arc large gain ers by the great increase In the amonnt con sumed, which Is occasioned by this very in feriority in the quality which makesilof less intrinsic value to the consumer. In addition to this, tbe mode of estimating the amount consumed is nnsatisfkctorv, and is subject to such variations and irregulari ties as to destroy the confidence of our peo ple in its correctness. It is in vain to tell a consumer of gas that the gas metres are con structed on the most scientific principles, and their figures represent exact accuracy in the amount of gas consumed by him. The prac tical common sense of tbe people replies that it knows nothing about tbe scientific accura cy of gas metres, and, what Is perhaps more to the purpose, that it knows nothing about tbe scientific attainments and qualifications of tbe various individuals who are employed to make notes of what these scientific metres reveal; but that it elands with reason and common sense (if not with tbe scientifically constructed gas metres and tbe scientific gen tlemen who run them), that the same num ber of burners in the same establishment, used in substantially tbe same way and for the same number of hours, ought not, by any law of science yet not known to ns, to bum twice as much cos one month as they do in tbc month preceding or following, or In the same month in a diucrcnt year. That there are gross Inaccuracies in respect to the matter of consumption my own experience fully satisfies me, and 1 have no doubt it will be fully confirmed by that of the great ma jority of tbe consumers. 1 have been informed by an Intelligent gen tleman that tbe accuracy of tbe measure ment of gas by these metres is materially effected by tbe manner in which they arc sat. To be correct they most be set exactly per pendicular. If they incline backward to ward tbe wall or gas pipe, the measurement of gas will be less than the actual consump tion, and if they incline forward It will bo greater. The setting of these meters Is always tin der the direction of the gas company, and I will adrue yonr readers as a matter of cari osl:y, to examine as many metres as fall in : their way with rcsard to this point. I will venture to predict that they will find not one which leans backward—and very few which areperpendicolar. The long and short of the matter is then, that the present method of fbrnishiog the people with gas U found very unsatisfactory to the citizens. That we have a poor article at a high price, and are overcharged for large smounla beyond what we believe to be oar actual consumption—that all this Is linns in the very lace and eyes of a positive agree ment of this company made with the city to furnish the gas at mneb lower prices, wnich agreement is utterly Ignored and disre garded. , But I shall be asked what is the use of talking about It—yon can’t helpyoorself and most make the best of It. I am well aware tbst there is very little use in talking to this company on the sub ject—that with that sort of Independence and lordiicess which the supposed posses sion of an absolute control of any matter usually creates In -the possessor, this company Is apt to pat on airs, and assume to be the people’s master In respect to this matter. They think they have secured the monopoly oft bis important and nece sary article—that people can’t help themselves, and therelore the answer to all complaints, either as to quality, price, or amount oi consumption, is very likely to be, “If yon don’t like onr gas yon need not use It—yon can get better or cheaper anywhere yen please, and the practical reply to yonr expression of dissatisfaction. Is a notice that they will ent off yonr supply pipes il yon do not at once pay yonr bQI. AUthU does hot enhance the evD, and show that the present slate of things U all wrong, and radically wrong—and ’it is be cause I believe there Is a remedy, an effectu al practical, sufficient remedy, which will relieve us trom the entire difficulty, and give us better gas at the lowest possible price, and under such circumstances as will ins ore pub lic satisfaction, that 1 have deemed it worth while to agitate this subject now, in order that It may be berore the people, and be thoroughly discussed, and if ft should be ap proved by them, the matter put In the proper train for the passage of the needful legisla tion at the next session of the General As- Be Xhli remedy Is for the city to supply the people with gaa precisely as It doc* with water, at the cost of manu'acture. It would be an easy matter to secure from the Legislature the needful authority to erect City Gaa Works to lumlsh the city and the people with gas. This being obtained the city could proceed to do so cither by purchasing the present company’s works at a fair price, or by erect* mg new works, as should be foued desirable. The whole manufacture of gas would then be under the control of the people them selves, and every defect and error could be corrected, and the whole matter placed on a just and proper basis. ‘ The reasons in favor of having this matter under the control of the people and taken entirely oat of the hands of private monopo ly, arc so many, and of so much weight and importance, that I cannot consider them in this paper without giving It a length which might prevent Its being read, and I will i therefore defer the consideration of these reasons to another paper, desiring that the subject may recivc tnc fullest consideration of our citizens—for I know of nothing of a public nature which so immediately and di rectly concerns each member of the commu nity as this, and trust that this discussion will be the means of enlisting attention to this matter, and bringing about some effi cient practical action by our people in rela tion to It. E. C. L. FOU TUB liAISUSS. SHOBT PETTICOATS. lam rejoiced to hear that short dresses are coming Into fashion, lor I am sure they will be a boon for out-door wear to both sexes. Bat as long skirts are to be worn In doors a plan bas occurred to me which, as It appears economical, I will Impart to the readers of tbe Queen, it Is that two skirts should be made to each bodice. Some may exclaim, "what extravagance!’’ but a little reflection shows the reverse to he the case. The short ont-door dress Is very much gored, and, of course, narrow, and, being short, (about half-way between knee ankle,) very little more material is employed than there used to he when wide double-skirted dresses were worn over large hoops. I hope other lady correspondents will agree with me that It will be fer better and cheaper In tbe end to have a long skirt for in-door wear entirely, and a short ent-door one, which can so cosily be slipped off, and the in-door one put on,aU Jresh and clean; for, with the late fashion of trailing skirts, our carpets and furniture are soiled with the trails that have been sweep ing either muddy or dnsty streets— Queen. E, C. L. FBANCHISB FOB WOXEK. Having regard to our existing laws, the natural and obvious first step must be to con fer the franchise on spinsters and widows, and not on monied women. Married women are by law under “disability,” L they have no recognized legal status apart from their husbands. They can only sue, even In canity, apart from their husbands, by “next Menas,” and acts dune by a husband and wife arc treated in law as the acts of the hus band only, this, too, whether such acts be dene for the benefit or otherwise ot the wife. Thus, unless or until some change shall take place in.onr law, to give a better position to married women, both as regards their per ron and property, It would be Idle to at tempt to comer on them the right of voting. Socially, immense would be the gain of con ferring votes upon women. Their legal position would certainly be much ameliorated, and their general tone on all large public questions would be enormously improved. At present the public and political morality—the sense or light or wrong in matters of public concern —ol women, in all cases, is inferior (as the rule', to that o! men. Nor is this unnatural; lor women, confined as they are, solely to what may be called the domestic interests, allow their views of such interests to pre dominate over all higher and wider views. Thus the lower political morality of the women impedes and deteriorates tbe politi cal action of the men. In the bumbler classes, tbe women are ever too ready to In duce their husbands to prefer their own Im mediate money interests to their public duty; while, In tbe higher classes, fashion, rank, court balls, and social distinctions—so dear to the hearts of genteel and wealthy women —arc not seldom found to be too potent for the political honesty of tbelr husbands when backed by the home influences possessed by tbelr wives. At lowest, I say, much good may, while no harm can come from giving to single women. —Birmingham faUy Boat. 1031. SPANISH WOMEN. The women, perhaps, are the best por tion of the nation; not highly educated or Intelligent, for, in this respect, they are very far behind the other European nations, but perfectly free from all affection, of moat trank and agreeable manners, worm, affec tionate fiienda, generous; notlwc arc sorry to add. “truthful and full ofrintegrity,” but charitable, and to a ccrtalnJcxtent, humane. Their beauty and grace ha#been very much overrated. The are to be found on the shores and in Andalusia; the C&tilian\ women are, generally, plain; tbcirhomplcxiojis are bad, and very soon become yellow anM dry, to which, perhaps, nottfng tends eoamucb as their inordinate nsr of powder aad paint. Much bos been also, about fine grace of their walk. In'Andalusia on f secs not seldom the graccfii, easy swing Peculiar to warm climates; bat, as a rule, w* arc afraid it has died out, if Indeed, it evac existed as u national peculiarity; and the Ujftdrid vrnmen, more particularJy, walk abozwnably; per haps this may be caused by thevasbion now in vogue lor wearing hlgb-polwled heels; placed as they are almost in tbereal centre of the boot, the loot Is in a coutiucted and unnatural position, ftid all elasticity of tread must be destroyed. As wu beltrive their beanty and grace to bare been vjnr much overrated, so we belityc their morality has been very much underrated. In ap-.te of the bad example of a court which has earned for itself au unhappy pre-eminence among the nat'ors of Europe, the Spanish women are, we belelve, much more chaste than they gen erally get credit for, aud instance? of unfallh fuluers In married life are more rare than is ucncrally supposed by foreigners. They are capable of the warmest and most devoted attachment to their husbands and family; aud where this lb the case it-is needless to .-ay gallantry cannot find room.—Odds and End*. A WOMAN’S ANSWER. Fifty years ago an old woman named Brown, the wife of a Deal boatman, bad charge and kef t the key of the Deal theatre. The manager, calling upon her preparatory to commencing his summer season, asked: “What sort of a winter have yon passed, Mr*. Brown ?" “Dreadful, sir,*’ she replied. ‘•lf a kind Providence bad not sent us two or three wrecks, X don’t know what would have become of us.” BRAZILIAN BELLES. The wealth, fashion, and beauty of the Bahians never boasted a more felicitous dis play than was mutually furnished and wit hered bv the thousands that thronged this scene. What an occasion was here offered to the mind disposed to philosophize on man! From hoary age to playfol yontb, no condi tion ofllfe or style of character was unrep resented. The warrior and the civilian, the man of title, the millionaire, and the slave—all mingled in the common rejoicings. Never, especially, had the presence of fe males in inch numbers bi-cn observed to grace a scene of pubbe festivity. Mothers, daughters, wives, and sis ers, who seldom were permitted to leave the domestic cir cle, except in their visits to the morning mass, hnng upon the arms of tbeir several protectors, mud gazed wlih undissembled wonder at the seemingly magic spectacles bcfoic and around them. The dark and -flowing tresses, the darker and Hashing eyes, of a Brazilian belle, together with her some times darkly-shaded complexion, show off with greater fascination from not being hid den under the arches of a fashionable bonnet- The graceful folds of her mantilla, or of the gossamer veil, which Is sometimes its substi tute, wreathed in some indescribable manner over the broad, high, and fancy-wrought shell that adorns her head, can scarcely be improved by any imitation of foreign fashions. Nevertheless, the forte of a Bra zilian lady is in her guitar, and the soft mod- Inhas she sings in accompaniment to its tones. —Brazil and the Hrazuiant. FEMALE SERVANTS IX TORESHIRE. A praiseworthy effort to elevate the char acter of the female servants Is now being made in Yorkshire, where the annual “stat ute hirings” si e now in progress. For a week or two back the clergy and gentry abent Milton bare induced some girls to leave the open market place and resort to warm and comfortable rooms provided free of expense, and on Saturday this principle was crowned with comnicte success, the Malton Corn Exchange proving far too small for the number of gir.s requiring admission. None but the roughest of tbe eirls were to be found “standing tbe market’’with tbe lads, »nd those, it was noticed, did not so readily obtain engagements as the attenders at tbe Exchange. The system Is being successfully followed in other towns. Of men servants in tbe market there was a very large attend ance, but hiring was slack, on acconnt of tbe high wages asked. —Evgiuh Paper. 3LLXSSS OF AX IMFXRtAL BRIDE. bt. Pavuteßcae, Novemberl-L iwr. The illness of the Grand Duchess Marie Feodorovna (Princess Dagmar) Las compelled a suspension of the coart festivities until a future day. The Grand Duchess contracted a severe cold on the night of her wedding In parsing from ;he Winter Palace to the on the rievsky Perspective, set apart lor the residence of the august pair. The talcmt of the Winter Palace were close and warm and the air without fresh and cold. The young duchess wore a low necked dress and felt the change very sharply. Besides, the excite ment and tali gats of the day bad something, I doubt not, to do with her indisposition. The mere moving snd drawing about the magnificent train on her dress, so heavy with embroidery, was no light task In itself; and then the ceremonials and all that were too much for the duchess, who is by no means strongly constituted. lam glad to say her health has much improved since and that she Is likely to be entirely recovered in a lew days. —Vcrrapcmdcict S'ttc York Herald, SHORT DRESSES AXD BLOOMERS. The skirt should tall a little below the knee. The rants should be the Isrge Turk ish pants, which, made long enouga to fill to the ankle, and fastened - at the bottom with a slignt elastic cord, should then be drawn up to the place usually occupied by tne carter, and pulled down to the middle or a little below the middle of the calf of the leg. When going out into the cold sir, the exposed part of the leg should be cov ered with a-pateut leather anklet, and daring the cold season of the year that part of the leg should be covered with two thicknesses 01 woollen. While all this peculiar arrange ment Is, is point of convenience and protec tion, less satisfactory than the straight pants, such as gentlemen - wear, 1 neverthe less advise it, because Ills very easy to in troduce the short dress with these pants, and very difficult to introduce what is known as the Bloomer costume. For example, in my school at Lexington, Massachusetts, I had more than a handled fashionable young la dies last winter, all of whom wore constantly during the school year the short dress, the gymnastic costume, while all the fashionable ladies of the village outside of the Institution adopted the same dress. Indeed, it U al most rare to see In Lexington a lady with a long dress. Jin attempt to introduce the Bloomer costume, 1 am sure, would have proved a failure, not la our own bouse, per haps, but In its Influence outside. All toiough our part of the country, when we go out to ride, we see ladles in the abort dress. Indeed, some of the clergymen, who observed that our young ladies changed for the long dress on going to church, use to me to say that they hoped I would allow them to come in their short dres'es, for they liked very much to sec them. A single lady' appearing in the streets ofßocton In the reg ular Bloomer costume, attracts a crowd of boys, while twenty of our young ladles can go to Boston without remark or notice. The lact Is, we men and hoys are very jealous of our breeches, and the gymnast coatnme does not involve that garment, and so wo lords of the creation give our consent to Its adoption by our sisters.— Dio Leuit. PLATISO WITH HEARTS. Courtsblp of tbe Schoolmaster and the Schoolmaster In Court—A Storr of Woman’s Trust and roan’s Perfidy. {From the BmSdo Express. December 6.J An interesting case, belonging properly to the courts of Cupid, came on for trial yester day in the Erie County Circuit Courtl Hon. Martin Grover, presiding. Hiss Emma Waffle, a fair maiden of the town of Chili, Monroe Comity, brought suit against Mr. Benjamin W. Lewis, formerly schoolmaster, now farmer, of tbe town of.Newstead, In this county, to recover damages for the perfidious breach of an alleged promise of marriage. TUB PLAtXTIPF Is a tolerably good looking yonng woman, about twenty four years of age, small in suture, with light hair and brown eyes. During the examination of the other witnesses she kept the upper part of.her face studiously covered with a lace curtain veil. TUB DEFECT) AKT. The defendant, Lewis, Is a thick-set man, thiny-fonr years old. sandy complexion, with a slight moustache and chin whiskers. Ills visual organs seem to be defective, and his nasal organ was surmounted by a donble headed pair of green goggles. THE COUBTSUIP. The first witness in the cose was the plain* tiff, Miss Waffle. She stated that she be came acquainted with Lewis In tbe town of Newetcad, Erie County, In December, 1860, where he was. encaged in the laudable busi ness of school teaching, boarding around in the district - after tbe fashion of country school teachers; that he came to the house ol her brother-in-law, where he was Intro duced to her, and from t~at time he continued to visit her occasionally, un til some time before the close of the schooL when he came to the house of the said brother-in-law to board. After this time he was very assiduous in his addresses to her, sitting up with her nights “ a-sparklng.” One night he inquired what she thonzht of the state matrimonial, and l( she would Uke to get married. She said that she would like it, whereupon he wanted to know if she would answer him a question with “yes or no ” She wanted to Know what tbe ques tion was first. He then asked her if she would be his bride, and she said "yea." After this they used to talk about tbe “good tlmceomlnc.*' She informed her parents of the mutter by letter In Jane, and made pre parations for the wedding, purchasing her wardrobe in Rochester. About this time she received a letter from him, stating that he was ready to perform his part of tbe con tract. An answer was returned, naming the Fourth of July; but the day passed, and no bridegroom appeared, nor was any explana tion given. Some time after, she received a letter from a married stater in Kewstead wanting her- to return to tbe scene of the courtship. On her arrival, she dropped a line to the Delinquent suitor, informing him of her presence in town. He soon made his appearance, hat did not seem at all anxious to consummate the marriage, and talked about bis duty to cuter the army as a soldier. She would not give her consent to his going unless they could be married first. He put the matter off irom time to time, and finally broke up the match, and in the following October married another woman. URS. WAFFLE, a fine looking elderly woman, was put upon the stand and said that she saw the letter of Lewis in which he promised to keep his agreement, which also condoled with Emma on account of Mrs. Waffle’s ill health. She raid the girl was very much disappointed. THCM. Matnrin Thnm.a farmer of Newstead and a inend of the family, had seen the horse of Mr. Lewi? hitched on Bondar night in front of Mr. Gable’s house where Miss was visiting. a bbother’s TESTIMOST. VUU.UM, O A liAU.t i . James Lewis, a brother of the defendant, said Benjamin was about thirty-three years old ; and was wotth about $3,500, a cow, some sheep, hogs and other tilings on the farm. Heard him say there was such a girl as Emma Wattle; once heard him say he would have been better off if be bad married the person he agreed to. Thu plaintiff’s counsel, L. L. Lewis, Esq., rested bis case, and the defence was opened by W. A. Gurney, Esq. TUB DEFENCE. The first witness introduced was Benjamin W. Lewis, the defendant in the suit. He first .saw Miss Wattle in the winter of IS6I, in the town of Xewstead, where he was en gaged in teaching the district school; he was boarding around in the different fami lies. at tbe rate of one week for each mem ber attending school, but when near the close of the term, he went to board at tbe house of Mr. Gable, the brother-in-law of the plaintiff; had seen her three times before be went there to board; went to Indian vil lage with her in asleigh with several others; a Mr. McMullen sat beside her coming back; the sleigh tipped over, and she complained of being hurt; he walked home with her that night; nothing was said about getting married; paid twelve shillings per week for board; was in com pany with her one night when the 'amity went to bed and left them alone to gether; be did not ask her how she would like married life, or anything like it; think I joked her about marrying the hired man, and she said she would not have bun; asktd her if she would marry rue; think she said she would by and by; told her I was not in earnest about it; that she was too much of a stranger; did not want to marry any per son unless I was better acquainted; went home at close of school; In May 1 stopped at the school home, and the lady teacher told me she bad beard that I was engaged to Ktnzna Waffle, and that she was going to sue me lor a breach of promise; went to see her then; was on horseback ; called her to the fence, when she said she never said so; asked her if she would give me a writing to that effect; she said she would; afterwards got a release (paper shown.) . iir. Lewis objected to the paper as show ing a release, as no consideration was men tioned. Objection overruled and exception taken. •» urea?—Was t heo keeping company with the woman I afterwards married; I wrote the release and sheslgncdit; next saw her two year# ago lost winter; have not seen her since until to-day; never wrote her but one letter; received a letter from her in which she asked for money; took it as an in sult; don’t know what answer I made: never told her I was alone and wished she was with toe. f ,ll Mr. Lewis—Have lived in Michigan; was engaged to a girl there. The Court—That will not do. Mr. Lewis—l want to show that he had a chronic habit of engaging to marry girls. Tbe Couit—A man may engage himself to a girl, and not marry her, without any fault cn bis part. 'Witness—l went to Mr. Timm’s once when I heard that she was going to be there: it is lonr or five miles to Indian Tillage from Thum’s; had boarded clear around, except one place, when I went to Goeble’s; had boarded there before, in Deeemoer; saw Emma neaily every day; sounded her on the hired man; fonnd she did not shine on him * asked her if she'wonld have me; think she partly consented ; she signed the paper on «hc 27th of September; I sent a man to see if she would acknowledge that she gave the paper; thought she might deny it when she came to Coart. Lawyer Lewis—Did you tell the man to represent himself os my agent? A. I told him your name was Lewis and so is mine, or seme thing like that; told him to say he was sent by Mr. Lewis, her lawyer. The paper was read to the jury by Mr. Gurney, and was in snbstance as follows: 1. Emma Waffle, haring been partially engaged to many B. W. Lewis, at some fotore time, do bereby Kmrcr relea»ehim, tbe said Lewla, from said cnaaeemest, sad in acknowledgment tnercof write my name ted the date. „ (Sisseoi EnuJ. Warns. September S 6, 1861. TUB AOEST. George Wilkinson, a young man who had his head bound op ins white handkerchief next came on to the stand and said: 1 live in N'twstcad; went to Emma Waffle at the re «}ue*tofMr. Lewis; had the release Trith me; told her if that waathe paper she gave Lewis the case was oars ; might bare said lawyer Lewis; she said she never signed any other; wanted her to sign a paper to that effect; she went Into the back mom and finally came out saying she would not sign any more pa pers ; I thought she smelled a rat. CROSS-EXA MIXED. The first few words went to prove that he bad not done anything for a year or so and was suffering from the effects of a loath some disease. He acknowledged that he bad made use of lawyer Lewis’ name, and wrote his address. No. 112 Seneca street, Buffalo; did not know any better; bad neven seen ihe lawyer. To Mr. L. L. Lewis—She wanted to know vonr address and I Lad to doit: Benjamin Lewis was to give me twenty-five dollars for tbe job; paid me half of it; said I was in the employ of Lewis; did not say which Lewis; she said, “ Lawyer Lewis is a fine manl said. “ I suppose so.” Henry McMalien formed one of the sleigh ing party that went to the Indian village to see tbe dog burned; said one Harrington sat beside Emma on the box, and B. complained of being cold, whereupon be threw a horse blanket over them. This closed the evidence, and after the law yers had each addressed the jury, his Honor charged them, and they retired to consult upon the verdict, hut up to nine o’clock last night they had failed to agree. The Court adjourned till nine o’clock this morning. SucUe. [From the Lafayette (led.) Jourcal.l We were yesterday made acquainted with the particulars of a melancholy case of sui cide, in which Mr. William Peterson, who resided a short distance south of Yorktown in this county, launched himself unbidden and unprepared into the presence of his Maker. Mr. Peterson wat. a young man ol exemplary character and habits, formerly a member of the Twenty-sixth Indiana Regi ment. and at the time of his death had *>eeD married but about six mouths. On Sunday last Mr. Peterson and his wife spent the day at the residence of his wife's parents. On Tuesday morning he requested his wife to go to' her father’s and remain a few days. She agreed to do so and left the house according ly, leaving her husband at home. Upon re turning on Wednesday evening after consid erable search he was found in the barn hang ing by the neck from the rafters overhead by a whiplash. One hand was In his panta loons pocket and the other hanging by bis side. lie bad changed his ordinary every., dsy clothing, snd dressed himself inbu soldiers’ clothes. The deed had undoubted ly been committed on Tuesday morning, anortly after the departure ol his wife. Be for she left home he had given her bis watch, but aside from this nothing unusual could be discovered in his conduct on the occasion, though be st limes had been known to labor under temporary depression of the mind. He was allowed to bang until Thursday morning, when the Coroner came and an in-, quest was held. His untimely death has caused unusual sadness snd gloom over a large circle of friends snd relatives, who arc unable to assign a cause for the nah deed. - WPOSUiG BELIGIOBS CEBE MOMES. Consecration of Bcr.Tf. E. Anai tage as Bishop in Uie Protes tant Episcopal Church of Wisconsin. Ten Bishop* One Archdeacon, and over Seventy Priests Participate. ITrom the Detroit Free Press.] The consecration of a Bishop in the Prolea- Cbarch * » ceremony wb?h ? Ccnr9 * and which, when it does Bishop Kemper presidin'’ cllurcj3 . her ofßlsliops and clerKynmn lel l -* a r,u:n- The doors of the church were net until fifteen mlnntca after nta? jet before ten o’eloclTeTery slat wm iuS crowded. The lmmen«%mwd ptMcntodabeantlihlalshl, as. fillm-e™T? portion of the church, their eipcctMt SL werp continually tuning towaldj the doS In anticipation of the enter of the clerical Sroecaeioo. At ten o'clock the asacmblS ■shops and clergy started from the chaoclm make the circuit ol the building, and enter by the centre door of the church, the iaaior ministers, as is usual, going fi.-<t. when they arrived at the church door they halted opened tbe ranks and permitted the BUhotw to pass through, and In regular succession felling into line as they passed nntU those who started first came Into the buildio F last. The morning service was rc*d h? the Rev. Dr. Ashley, of Milwaukee nntD he came to the absolution, which w-ii pronounced bv the Bt. Rev. Jackson Rem per, the Presiding Bishop. Instead of the Psalter for the day the eighth selection of Psalms was read. This selection is taken from the following Psalms of David: ixxxir Quam detetta; lixit. Benedixieti, famine ' xciil. and Psalm xcvLL famima regnarit. * The first lesson, being the twenty-fifth chapter of Isaiah, was read by Rev. Dr. Tu*. tin. In tbe regumr course of the service the grand Te fawn was now sung wi h fine ef fect by the choir, in which a large portion of tbe congregation joined. The second les son for the day, the fourteenth chapter of Acta, from first to nineteen versos Inclu sive, was read by B«t. G. D. Gillespie, of Ann The Nicene creed and the prayers following were then read bv Rer Dr. Cole, of Nashotoh. Rt. Rev. ‘Bishop McCcskry the gave out the uiuety-seveoth Psalm ot the selections, the same being sung by the entire congregation. ** The ante-commniiton service, which here follows In the regular morning service was conducted by Rt, Rev. Bishop'Lee. ’ Tbe portion of Scripture selected for the Epistle was from the twentieth chapter of the Acts of Apostles, commencing with the seventeenth verse, and was read by Rt Rev. Bishop Cummins, of Kentucky. The Gcapel which followed was from the twenty first chapter of St. John, commencin ' with the fifteenth verse, and was read bv tiTi* Rt Rev. the Lord Bishop of Huron, C. W. Rt. Rev. Bishop McCoskry next announced the ninety-seventh hymn. Right Rev. John B. Kerfoot, D. D., Bishop of Pennsylvania, then preached the sermon taking as his text the verse of the twentieth chapter of the Gospel according to St. John: “Then said Jesus to them again, 'Peacebe unto you: os my Father Lath scat me, even so send I you.' ” , sermon having concluded, BUhow McCrosky and Coxe. on either side of Mr. Armitage, the newly elected bishop, ad vanced to the chancel rati and addressed the Presiding Bishop, Right Rev. Jackson Kem per, of Wisconsin, saying: “Reverend Father In God, we present unto you this godly and well-learned man, lo be ordained and consecrated Bishop.'* Id accordance with the ritual, the Presid ing Bishop then demanded the testmiomis of election, «c , which were re dby Rev. J. W- Davi#, of Beloit. WUconsii-. When the *• promise of conformity” had been given, the Litany was read bv Ri- ht Kct. Bishop Clarkson, after which tb* uum uons provided for such occasions in the tnla copal ritual were asked and answered, and the Bishop elect was clothed with the robes of bis oflice, Rev. Messrs. Paddock and \VR. kinson performing that service. The “ Veni Creator ’ was then recited, the presiding bUhop and congregation speaking the alter nate liace. After the prayer of consecration the Bishop elect remained kneeling at the chancel rail while, the other Bishops surrounding him’ the solemn and apostodc rite of Imposition ot bands wasperformed, the Presiding Bishop sa>mg; " r «‘ vc fie Qoly Gboet for theofflee and work of a Ewbop in ibo Chaich cf God, nov cotamilted unto thre by ibe imposition of oar hands; iu tb« name of tbe Father, and ot the Son, and ofibe llpiy GbosL 4u>cu. And remember that thoa stl: up the grace of God, which is ci»en to Ibn by this tapoeiutu of our hands: for God hath not given ns therpiritof fear, but of power, and lore. «nd robe rues?.’ 1 * The Bible was then presented, with this address: * Give heed unto rending, exhortation, and eocuine. 3 Lick upon the Hung* contained ia tula Look. Be dlliscst In them, that the Id cn*a«e catpuig thereby may be manifest to all m«i; lorDyeo tboa eballboih save thi them that bear thee. Ba to tbe flock of CLrut a ahephcrii, cot a wolf: feed them L ?!r J lo i d n P , tbe w «ak. lull ihc Sick, bhjd up tbe broken, bring again tbe ont oisip. seek the lost. Be so mercfial that roe be cot too remiss; so minister dhclphao that i r 5 c V ?, ot metc J* Umt when the Chief ebei-berd shall appea-, you mav receive the lading cioud id glory, through Jesus Christ oar hold. Am cn.' A*, the conclusion of this address. Bishop Armilage atose from his knew, and, entering the chancel for the first time as a Bishop" took his scat with his peers. In the communion service which followed, the collect and the command men is wens read by Bishop Kemper, acd the offertory sentences and prayer by Bbhop Talbot. The offer tory, which amounted to S2UO. was for tbe benefit of tbe Xashotah Theological Col lege. * Iho exhortation to communicants was de livered by Bit-hop Whipple, and the general confcssiou read by Bishop Talbot, the abao hilu-n, ol course, being pronounced by the Presiding Bishop, when Bishop Whipple con tinued the service until the consecration of the elements, which was performed br tha Presiding Bishop. The Iresagian which is nsually sung by some member of the choir, was sung by the Rev. John AVllklr *n. In a manner that has never before be- -card in this city, his sweet voice filled with devotional /error fairly thrilling all present, while the sur rounding circumstances lent an additional interest to this solemn act of devotion. Kneeling on the steps of the chancel in the midst ol the clergy and io the presence of the immense crowd of kneeling worshippers, tins burst of prayerful praise was realized in its full force by al). The last three verses of the ninety-fourth hymn were sung, and then the Uo’ly Com munion was administered to the bishops by Bishop Kemper, after which thev Id tarn administered it to the clergy aud such of the laity as presented themselves. Ihe letter of consecration was beautifully engrossed on parchment, by Mr. Orville C. Allen, and was signed by all the BUUopa present. Blghop Armitage was bora In the city of New York, September 6,1530, and received bis instruction preparatory to his collegiate coarse at the private school of Daniel P. Ba con. In 1845 he entered Colombia C-jliege, where he graduated In 1849, being one of three who took second honors, all having precisely the same standing After gradua ting he went to the Theological Seminary in New York, where he stayed three years. He was ordained in Janew 1852, and spent a Dlaconate of two yearsVa assistant to the venerable Dr. Burroughs, at Portsmouth. New Hampshire. In 1854 he became Sector °£. s *• .J 1 * 1 *• Church, Augusta, Maine, and held the position until 1839, when tb f. rectorslji P of St. John’s Church in this city, which he now leaves to if-. tb ? Poston of Assistant Bishop of »isconsin. THE RUSSIANS DC CENTRAL ASIA. more Annexation*. The Russian Empire Is m point of territory far ahead of all other countries of tbe worm* Its present area being nearly donble.thal of China, and nearly three times that of the United States, and it still continues to ex tend at a rapid rate. The independent tribes lining the aouthern frontier have uradoallj been absorbed, and China aud Persia have oad to cede provinces equal in extent to tbe largest States of Europe. Daring the last two or three years tbe advance ol Russia in Central Asia has attracted particular atten tion. There Is a country. Inclosed by Russia, China, British India and Persia, and known by the names of Turkestan, Tnran or Inde pendent Tartary, which Is furnishing the most recent additions to Rnsaiaa territory. It contains about one-fifth of the territory of the United States, with a domestic popula tion ol only about 7,000,000, belooriog to various tribes, and consists of the territory of the Turromaiml, the little Khanate of Magmene, and tbe three more powerful Khanates of Khiva, Bokhara aodKhokand. Intestine wars have been the chronic malady cf these regions from time immemombie, and as regards their foreign relations, they were on the whole restricted to outrages against the few merchants and travellers who ven tured to penelraJeintolhelnhospltab!© land. For some time Russia has begun to gain a firm footing in this country/ It ha* des troyed tbe Khanate of Khokaod, the largest ana most populous of tbe Khanates, embra cing an area of more than 300,000 Englth square miles, and a population ol anont B,UU>,OOO. Last year a considerable portion of the Khanate was formally am exed to Rus sia under tbe name of the Province of Tur kestan. Recently, the Russian papers in form ns of tbe lormal annexation ofTasb kend, one of the most important cities of tbe country, which already numbers 100 000 itbabliaDhf,and Is rapidly becoming the great e*l commercial city of Central Asia. Thegen eial expectation is, that the remainder of Turkestan will be annexed In the course of & few years, and that Russia and England win be brought face to face in India. The growing power ofßussia is one of the most important features in the politial his tory of our century. There is this important diflerence between the annexed territories of Russia and the colonies of tbe other Great Powers of Europe, that most of the latter are sure in tbe course of time to resume their autonomy, while Russia will, without doubt, throughly absorb all the tribes of the annexed territory, and thus fcoustilnte one nationality which it can hardly be doubted will be and remain the moat powerful of the world. _ A Cnxlona Story from Parts. We Cud the following In the Pofl JfaUGa utte: “It is a curious illustration of the strange notions prevalent in France la refer ence to the Emperor Xapoleoo, that among the workingmen of Paris there is a story that he has bear dead a fortnight, and was per sonated at the review on Monday by a well known tentmaker. There are three men In Paris, it seems, who very closely resemble his Majesty—one being the tentmaker in ancstlon, another a wood-ranger in the Bo is e Boulogne, and the third the keeper Jk a dancing-room at Mont Par muse.” Mr. Cleveland, ose? editor of the Augusta Com has written a memoir ol Aiex-nder H. Siephou to accompany a collection Qf hit speeches, revised by Mr. Stephens him—tf,