Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 11, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 11, 1866 Page 2
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(gljimgo tribune. pjtTLY f TBKSTEERLY AKD Tf EEKLT, OFFICE. Me. fit rLABKvSIV There srs ttm edlUooj of toaTroux* Itssed. Ist £T<?7 acre lit. tor dreriattoo by oatn«*. aevsmra n-stoemstu. vc. TtoTn-Wttxi-v, Mood***. Wed yedays Friday*, :or toe aaUs only; •»*,***,. oo TburiOiys, tor to» malls aad uls st oar ecu ter aadbr neesmen. Tense of (be Chlcsss Wbmt p. u ,.mot Dally, to »m sabsertbert (per sseWd, p»y»- „ VTptklf. (jvrennoin. oeyeo e tnadvance)..... AOO tr Fnetioasl parte of the year at tbeaamentes. rr pateaM maiutaz mad ordtrtwt nva Or more copla at ettoet to* Trt- Weekly or Weakly kUllobv toay retain tea per cent of toe sabecrlpbon price as a cemmlmloa. > one* TO ftrwcxißtr*.—to ordering too address ot your I»pc» ebanetd, to prercnl dflay, be lore sad ,po< lfr wbU edlUoa yen Uk*-Wi*kly, Tri-Weekly, or Daily. Abo, (rtreyonri*!u»KST*ndfiitiire address. tW Morey, by D'iH, Ert>'c«a, Voney order*, or In l>cUt«rodLeue;«.m*ybeMntaloariUk. Address, TKint'Nß CO., Chicago, 111. TUESDAY. DECEMBER 11, ISOO. Till* TBVTXI COOING OCT. Vhc Chicago Times is hard pressed by Its late associates In the Democratic party. Tbo 7<mts now represents that faction of the late parly which repudiate* color as a distinction in political matters, and claims for the negro an equality with the purest of the Cauca sians. We regret that the Tunes baa but a comparatively small Democratic constitu ency. The few it represent* are of the edu- cfllcd and reasoning class—those that havo been accustomed to read the Tribune and othcr republican journals, and who, or- dinanly, might expect, to he class ed by the Times Itself, as Abolitionists. The rank and file of the parly, however, utterly reject negro suffrage In any form. Calling it “ Impartial suffrage” makes it no more palatable to tbc masses who have been educated, especially by the Times, into the btlicl that this Is exclusively a white man’s Government, to be employed exclusively for the benefit of the while race, and to bo ad ministered by no others; and also those who have been educated by the same teacher Into the Relief that to adroit the negro to political rights would be to degrade the whole popn lation to the level of the Mexicans, and make miscegenation, with all Us deleterious consequence*, a national institution. In a double leaded editorial yesterday tbc TVrr.r* labored to prove that the Democratic party has always been opposed to any polit- ical distinctions on account of color, buth&s insisted in the face of relentless opposition ever since the days of Alfred the Great.npou having the negro entitled to vote upon an equality with the while man- It repeats the assertion that the denial of negro suffrage never originated with the Democratic party; on the contrary, tnsgna charts, the habeas corpus, the trial by jury and the abolition of Feudal slavery—all Dem ocratic measures, made • no difference on account of color, but recognized the perfect equality of all men before the law. Coming down from the days of the Savons, the IManlageocts and the Stuarts, the Tin»* traces the Democratic party In Hi* country, and proves that here, as well c* in Kngland, that parly made the political equality of the races part of Hg broad plat* foim. The Declaration of Independence Is claimed by that paper as one of the earliest platforms of the Democratic party, and though Judge Taney once declared that, about the time the Constitution was adopt* 1 cd, it was considered that the negro had no rights which while men were bound to rcj-pect, tho Tim** insists t**ey were recog nized In every State as tbe political equals of the white race. It says: “ The word‘white’l* not found in any of the cr'clpal Constitnlion!*. save only In that of Sonin Carolina. In cv»ry other F*ai*, negroe* who pos terred UictjcalidcaUoo? ibatwera required ‘lm rartnillr’ of all men, were admitted to vote. And Eianj nj that nee old vole lotheSomhtraaswell lie North) ni Flairs. And, moreover, they voted the Democratic ticket, for it was the Deaio c’aur party ot Dm dsy which atßrmed thelrrlsht in that n Fprct upon an impartial basis with whl’o men All Democrats cannot, even at this day, have forgotten the eta’exneut of General Jackson, that be was supported for the Presidency by ne gro voters In the State of Tennessee.” Here, then, we have the recorded evidence that negro equality was primarily the gov crnlng principle in American politics, and that with a single exception the State Constitutions all agreed with tbe Federal Constitution in makinguo distinctions upon account of race or color. The first State* according to the Tima, that abandoned the Democratic platform aud made tbe distinc tion between tbe races was Kentucky, which abolished negro suffrage and inserted tbe word “white” In her Constitution. Tbe example was soon followed in other States, and the Democratic party was forced even tually into a fake position ; was forced Into the denial of an equality which it had up-* held, as before stated, ever since the days of Alfred tbe Great; and the Time* implores tbe party most piteously,-to throw off tbe shackles of falsehood and Injustice which it haa wore ston Kentucky made that mis* step, and to occupy once more the honorable attitude of maintaining the full equality of tbe negro with tbe white man in all things political. The Constitution of tho Untied States makes no distinction between whites and blacks. Tbe negro Is-as eligible to tho Presidency and to either branch of Congress as tbe white man; that was un questionably the spit u which prevailed at that time; and negro equality never became a bugbear to frighten timid and befog Igno rant-politicians, until slavery found it expe dient to crush ont freedom. The Demo cratic party espoused the cause .of slavery, and abandoned freedom, and for forty years It fought the battle of crime, and shame, and human oppression, and finally, and moat justly, was buried in tbe same gave with slavery itself. This lesson in bUtory ought not to be without profit. The slaveholdlng States (except South Carolina), according to the Times, endured negro suffrage without dis honor ard without degradation for forty years: tbe free negro was a voter In those Slates when the while population was loyal and patriotic, and It is the grossest impu- j dencc fur men who arc steeped In the crime of treason to oppose Impartial suffrage upon the ground that U Is an Imputation upon their honor, and their dignity. The Chicago Tima Is enlisted in a good cause, and we hope it will persevere, though we confess that the appearances are net very promising that It will succeed In destroying the terrible evils of Us own pre vious teachings. It Is comforting, however, to witness how flimsy are tbe pretexts npon which the rebels tonnd their, objections to negro suffrage, even whta viewed from a Democratic stand point. Tbe opposition to negro suffrage Is not in Uct because of any tear of a degradation of the franchise, but it Is based exclusively upon the desire of the piescnt voters to keep tbe privilege to themselves. They want representation for all, but tbe privilege of voting for.a Jew. The Constitutional Amendment covers their cate exactly; and because U destroys all such exclusive privileges, It la so very-dis agreeable to the rebels. - EABLT BESIMPTIOK OF SPECIE PAYAEMT*. The reports from Washington state that a decided opjiosiUon on the part of looking to undue haste in the payment ofthe public debt, or the resumption of specie pay ments.” And this feeling is undoubtedly a taltbfcl reflex of the prevailing sentiment of the masses. The authority given to the Sec retary d the Treasury bv Congress at its lost session, to retire from circulation four mil lions of greenbacks per month, has never ro-" celved the popular approval. The people have acquiesced, tinder the supposition that there was some financial necessity therefor. But it is beyond their power to comprehend bow the country is benefited by retiring greenbacks which draw no Interest, and re placing them with bonds which draw gold interest, or even with bank notes based on bonds. Plain common, people are of the opinion that It were bettci-for the public welfare and the credit of the Government to invert the snrplosffcnds of the Treasury In Interest drawing hoods than in free greenbacks. A Fire-Twenty bond for SI,OOO can be par* chased for’abbut $770 in gold. It draws thirty dollars In gold every six months, which U the same as SCI.SQ per aauum.in coin, on the bond, and amounts to eight per cent on the gold ralnc of the bond, or eight and a half per cent in currency on the face of the bond. If the Secretary of the Treasury* had pone earnestly and honestly to work, Ax months ago, to selling off idle gold' and-investing the proceeds, either in Fire 1 Twenties or Seven-Thirties, his -December balance sheet would show ore hnndred mil lions leas interest-bearing- debt in the hxndr of creditors; and while the interest account would be thereby reduced rtx millions.in coin, or eight in currency, the credit of the Government would be and gold would be under 130 to<day. However grand and satisfactory li may be for the Sec retary to be able to point to a huge, glitter ing pile of one hundred millions of coin lying in Uncle Sam’s safe, it would be more useful to the National credit, and beneficial to the tax-payera’pockets, IfhecouldpolnttoapUe of one hundred and thin; millions of redeem ed and cancelled Federal bonds, on which no Interest will ever again hare to be paid. There is no place or position in which the debtor's money can do him so much good as In his creditor’s pocket, with a correspond ing endorsement on the back of his note or bond. But the mind of the Secretary ot the Treasury Is so loft; and soaring that It rarely gets near enough to the earth to perceive financial matters In this plain and common sense light. yfe are glad to see that Represents Jive Bontwcll has Introduced a bill instrucllnir I the Secretary of the Treasury to sell, every Monday morning, to the highest bidders', two millions of gold, the to be Invested In InlcrosVhearing obllga- Hobs' of’ the'" United States, ~ If this b(U passes, iba connlry *til have Jhe satis faction of witnessing a redaction of the In terest,debt at the rate of ten millions a -month, ibr at least a-year Xo come. --n - The section of the law, which authorizes the 'Secretary- of- -the Treasury to -‘ retire four millions of greenbacks per month should be repealed,. and a new-.Usne of legal t coders should be authorized, .sufficient in amount io redeem and cancel the hundred and fifty millions nf Compounds as fas' as they become due, first applying the surplus [currency to the Treasury to that purpose, arid supplementing it ißlhne'w greenbacks.-' _two together,: wonld operate like a charm. The gradual and steady ssle of the Idle coin every week, would prevent a rise In the price of gold; thepaymenk and cancellation of ten millions of bonds, per month would greatly- strengthen the "public credit and enable (he Government to “pla'ce” a five per cent loan on the market .at par, with which to take np the Five-Twenties and Seven- Thirties oa last-as they (all due.-The new ureenbacks Issued would not inflate the cur. xency as they would simply fill tbo space now occupied by the Compounds, and at the fame time (he tax payers would be relieved of the ten millions of Interest which those Compounds are now drawing.’ A large part of the Compound notes oro held by the banks as the reserve funds re quired by law. When they are redeemed the banks must replace them with plain green backs. Hence, new legal-tenders can be Issued to take up the Compounds without causing perceptible Inflation of the currency. Here, then, we havo two simple, plain, efficient methods which will reduce the In terest on tbo National indebtedness eighteen snffttons per annum; reduce the bonded debt more than one hundred .and thirty millions; get rid of the Interest-drawing legal-tenders; give back to commerce and the people one hnodrcd'tailllons of idle gold ; replace the Cand 7-SObonds withs per cents; ensure a continuance of prosperous times, and pro mote the National credit at home and abroad. CANAL CONTENTION. There has been issoed a call for a Convex ticm to take steps to bring before the Slate Legislature the subject of the Canal enlarge ment, and other measures of relief from the ojprcfslons of monopoly. The convention Is called to meet at Kerris, on the Sfith Inst., and a large attendance Is expected. We bare already, through the columns of tMs paper, urged the Importance of this work, and if the Convention will confine Itself to the practical question of the canals as a measure of State policy, and not undertake too much, it can not fail to bare a most beneficial effect. AU that is needed to commend this canal pro ject to the entire people of the State la to have the facts presented to them clearly and Intelligibly. We hope that every county in the State will be represented, especially all the counties on the Illinois and Us tributa ries and all the northern counties of the State. It Is a question la which every pro ducer In the State is pecuniarily Interested, and It Is to be hoped they will be alive to the means of promoting that Interest- The following is the call for the Convention: AJcn-uosoroi.T cosvcmoH. All dsirers who believe that ibcralsamve public danper in the existing combinations of ml.road and other corporations, are invited to meet at the Conri lion?*-, in Morris, on We«in*s da;, the afl*b day ol December, instant, at 11 a m , loMheptrpo*e of elichtng torts on ine subject, drawing public attention to It, aud devising prac tical mcaMirea to pnt an end to the encroachments t<r chartered monopolies on tne law and the rights of'be public, and lo secure the enlargement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, and direct water Ci mninnlca'lon with the ocean. [T)iis call Is signed by the leading men cf both political parties in Grundy, Will, I.aSaltr, Bureau, Livingston,-Rock Island, Lee, Winnebago and other counties.] Since the original call was issued, the fol lowing has been published; asn-nosopoLT cosvximoH. At as adtonncd mcetlmr, (heM at Morris, De timbers, l'66fi,)oflhe elgrersoftbe call for an Antl-Monopolr Mevtlne, to be held at Morris, Dc ember 2fi, 18W, it was Rr»olr*d % That the enlargement of the minoia and Michigan Caul, and the proper restriction of railroad and other monopolies is oar State. a>e aab'ects which rhonld be brought before the Leg if lainre of the Plat- of Illinois, as a State measure, and that the subject r,f water communication with the ocean should he presented to the present Congress, that the West may be relieved of its snrpina |>raln, and tbe Hast from the exorbi tant price? which it now par* for tbe products of the West. Thatthe followingpcrsons be Invited to address tbe meeting called at Morris, on t&e S*tb Inti., upon ore or note of tbe subject* era b'accdln the rail: JJcnlcntnf Oorenmr'Bross, Ccncial William Bimcj. Colonel John W. Foster, flim. T. Ltlc D.ckcT, Hon. F. A. Eastman, lion. Them a* Hojnc, Chai ica n. Rav. EsqJ lion. John Bryant, Uon. AnsonS. Miller, lion. E. S. Leland. cropov'Fiatxca, President. B. fisxronn, Secretary. WBSTBUN ASSOCIATED PRESS. The meeting: of the Western Associated /Press, which commences In Ibis city to* morrow, will be held in Prof. McCoy’s lec* tore room, In Crosby’s Opera Douse—en trance on Washington street. The hour fixed for the meeting Is 12 o’clock m. 157“ Tbe Chicago Tima saya that there are 2,000,000 of voters north of Mason A Dixon’s line who endorse the partisan apostacj of Messrs. Cowan, Doolittle & Norton; and that there are 1.500,000 voters south of that lino who acne with them in poMlcat opinions. But it omits to state that there are also 2,.m000 voters, north of the line who spam and repudiate Cowan, Doolittle & Norton* ■ and the’.r political sentiments; and, further more, that there are as many male adult cit izens south of the line who oppose them as endorse them. There are as many Republicans in tbe Southern States as there arc “Democrats.” Tbe Republican ,prrty of the* Union constitute a major ity ,n each of the twenty.two Northern States (counting Colorado and Nebraska,) and in Delaware, West Virginia, South Carolina, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and perhaps in Maryland and Tennessee. The Democratic majorities in the “.South" are obtained by disfranchising the black Republican citizens, and maintaining a reign of terror over tbe white Republicans. Estab lish equal political rights in all the States and the Republican party can carry three fourths of all the States, by a popular mqjotlly exceeding half a million of votes. It 'is the party of the majority, and conse quently it has the Constitutional right to dictate the policy and measures of the Gov ernment of tbe nation. Governor Patton, of Alabama, ap pears to bare ot turning, sammer fiiults at least equal to that of Mr. Ray mond. About a montli-ago be sent bis mes t-age to the so-called Legislature of that State, and took strong ground against ihc ratification of tbe Constitutional Amend ment. ‘On thcSdofDeccmbef Congress met, and cn the next day adopted Mr. Broomall’s resolution looking to the establishment of Territorial Governments In tbe reconstructed States. Such a measure would," of cour »e. compel Patton to take a back seat, stripped of his gubernatorial powers and dignities. Instantly Mr. Patton became alarmed. Forty-eight hours 'after this resolution < passed Coegress, be sent a special message to the so-called Legislature, saying that he thought the ratification of tbe amendment was necessary, and expressing tbe apprehen sion that the stability of affairs was about to be hrtken up—or, in other words, that -——~i<* tnm ration oat o( office. The Legislature, more consistent than the Governor, rejected the amendment. In the very teeth of bis recommendation, and me Governor then assured them tne people would sustain them in theaction. It is clear that Patton undent lands ground and. lofty tumbling when hia bacon is in danger. E*f“An honest confession is said to be good for the soul. Tbe Richmond Examiner Declares that “ whatever negro suffrage may mean at tbe North, and even In the Border States, In tbe Southern tier of .States U has cnJy one meaning—aVALGaSLayiOS?.” It thus appc*n- that the “ superior race,” the chivalry of Old Virginia and other late clave States, arc not kept from intermarrying with negroes by any repugnance on their part to race or color, but merely by the fact that ne groes cannot vote. This probably accounts for tbe stringent laws passed by Louisiana last winter, and by Texas more recently, pre venting Intermarriages of this Kind. The “superior race!’, evidently, regard it as a great personal sacrifice to tbe nubile good to refrain from marrying negroes. There la no accounting for tastes. The -Ehwnfner’s argu ment against negro suffrage presents the question in a novel light. tgTTrom the December number of the Indiana School Journal we gather the follow log interesting educational statistics of that State for the present year: The whole num ber of children, between the ages of air and twcntj-oue, is 550,778; school districts, 8,390; districts in which schools were taught within the year, B,lCC;.pupils attending pri mary schools, -800,714; attending high schools, .12,096; number of teachers em ployed, 9,403; expended tor tuition, $1,020,440; school bouses built within tbe year, 846; total value of school property, $4,515,781; total number of school houses, 8.231; number of private schools, 2,0-0. py The talk about the speedy resumption of specie payments In which the Secretary of the Treasury Indulge* I* idle and absurd. It will be soon enough to think of that when onr twenty-ono hundred millions of bonded debt Is funded Into long five p-»r cent Con sols ; the hundred and fifty millions of Com pounds paid off or exchanged for green backs, and the latter In process of retirement at a moderate rate per month. Then, and not before, may the public begin seriously to think of returning te the specie standard of payments.' HEW 10UR cm. An floor In tlie Cold Boom. fCorteipondenc* of the Chicago Tribune. 1 Jixw Yobk. December 1,1866. New Tork is the commercial focus of the continent, and the Gold Room Is the focus of New Tork. In a little court yard surround ed by four walls, and closed in with a roof, having a circuitous passage way from Broad street, may be witnessed, at any honrof the day, and six days In the wock, a scene which has not Its likeness In earth or heaven. Whether its parallel can be found In bell I will not undertake to say. Perhaps it can, boi this much I consider certain, that the Nqw Tork Gold Room is to-day the greatest curiosity In the world. It beggars descrip tion. Id attempting to giro the reader some 'lmpression of it, I begin by saying that it -can ncllberbe penned nor painted, and that v. ben It is finally closed by a return to specie payments, posterity will have lost a most vivid illustration of the capabilities of the human mind. . Imagine a rat pit In fall blast, with twenty or thirty men ranged around the rat tragedy, each with a canine under ills sum, all yelling and howling at once, and yon have.as good a comparison as can be found in the outside world, of tbe_aspect of the gold room, as it strikes the beholder on first entrance. The furniture of the room is extremely sim ple. It consists of two iron railings and an --.‘lndicator.” The first'railing Isa circle, abbot four feet high and ten feet In diam eter, placed exactly in the centre of the robm. In the interior, which represents the space devoted to rat killing In similar estab lishments, Isa marble Cupid throwing np a Jet of pure Croton. The artistic conception is not good. Instead of a Cnpid throwing a pc*rly fountain into the air, there should hare been a hungry Midas, turning every- thlng to gold, and starving to death for inability to eat his own currency. The other .railing is a scml-clrclc twenty or thirty feel from the central one. This outer rail fences off the “lame ducks ” and “deadbeats”— men who have once been famous at the rat pit, but have since been “ cleaned out.” Being unable to settle their “ differences,” they are cot allowed to come Inside. Bolv- ency is the first essential of the gold room. Nothing bogus is allowed to interfere with the serious business in hand. these “iame ducks” and “deadbeats” can not keep away from the place. Day after doy they come and range themselves along th?lr Iron grating and look over at the rat pit with the strangest expression of Intelli gent vacancy and longing desp&ir that can be found this side of purgatory. They seem to he a part of the furniture of the room. While I was there I did not see one of them move or speak, and when they winked It was with much the same spirit that an owl at midday lowers the film over his eyes and hoist* it again. The “ Indicator,” which is the third piece of ftirnlturc in the room, (or the fourth, if we count the “ dead beats,”) Is : a piece of mechanism to show the changes in the market. It is something like an old fashioned New England clock, seven or eight feet high, with an open space at the top disclosing three figures and a fraction, as at which the market stood when I entered. The figures being movable. a slight mtnipnlation will manifest any change in the market. Connected with the indicator Is a plain desk with a book on It, In •which arc recorded all the movements of the Indicator, with the hpurand minute at which each movement takes place. The floor of the establishment Is rather a pavement, with cir cular steps or terraces rising from tho centre to the circumfcrenc. “ Neat but not gaudy,” Is the general aspect of the premises. Of course such an Institution could uot cxlsi without a telegraph office. Accordingly we fled osu*, communicating with the gold room by u row of windows, through which des pa.chro Ire constantly passing. Hating given the external appcan>o:e of the* concern, wo now come to bar fa css; I Three things seem-to be in demand—Tangs, note books and pencils. Wow woff.Ww*--! wow-wow, yab-yah-yih-yah-yah', front twen ty or thirty throats, around the pit, all at , once, and kept going from morning till night, from Monday tilV Saturday—ls what presents itself to the ear of the beholder. The voices of the gentry around the circle arc for the roost part fenori, with now and 1 then a falteiio and a batto. I shall not soon forget a batto profunda In the ring, who drew bis breath at regular intervals, and an nounced his desires with a seriousness truly remarkable- lie was a thick-set man, with capacious chest, shaggy head, keen eyes, and rusty whiskers, which curved upward from his inferior maxillary bone In the most de> teimined manner. He cocked his head on one side, thrust his chin os far over the rail ing as possible, and made himself heard every time. He put in hU B flat In regular cadences like the trombone performer In a mill pond, of a summer evening, drowning for the moment all the Addles in the frog co*pmanlty—or like the doable bass crashes in the overture to Tannfutwr, which, by the way, might pass for “Gold Room Potpourri*’ without the alteration of a single note. Among the faces constantly swinging around the circle there is a marked prepon derance of Israelites. Since the day that the brokers of Jerusalem were driven out of the temple, this persevering race seem to bavebad a pecuPar liking for “ monish ” not for wealth merely, but for mtUIHc cur rency. Wherever there is gold or sliver to be bandied, you will be sure to find them. The art of navigation and the art of usury— equally necessary and honorable branches of commerce—are presented to us io the per* sons of Antonio and Sbylock. Sbakspeare bad not learned that “ usances ” are Just as useful as argosies, but be had hit upon the idea that the Jews arc the horn money changers and bankers of the world. Politi cal economists tell that .money, whether of gold, silver, leather, shells, or paper, is n«>t wealth, but merely the counter] of wealth. The Jews don’t believe that. In Amsterdam, Frankfort, Paris, London and New York, you will find the children of Is rael holding closer relations with the pro c-.ons metals than any other people, and generally bolding more of them than any other. The Gold Room Is tlifclr peculiar joy. They gladly resign the Babel of the Brokers’ Board for the wow wow and the yah-yah of the Gold Room. But they do not, by any means, monopolize the business. There are yonng < Yankees here, apparently not more than twenty-one years of age, with downy checks and shrewd *eycs, wow-wowing and yab-yahlng at each other across the railing, and whisking their pencils with phonographic velocity. You tee no smiles Id this ring. Many of the ope rators are smoking, but they have no time for conundrums. Commencing betimes In the morning, the must boy and sell gold enough before night to pay for Chicago twice over. Putting the purchases and sales together they will not unfroquenlly amount to one hundred millions ofdollars. In a few cases only is the gold actually delivered. Balances are settled with gold certificates. The ex feting method ofecUUng the business of the day, U i>y giving checks—each man drawing a check for each purchase, or receiving one for each sale. But they arenot satisfied with the slow coach method of doing business. They must needs have a Gold Clearing House, where the whole business of the room can be thrown into a hopper, and the “dif ferences’’ ground out at one turn of the wheel. This project Is now on foot; it will, of course, facilitate business very much. Bot what doea it all amount to ? I had al most raid that the Gold Room regulates all the prices in the United States. It does not regulate, but it records them. The Gold noom la itself regulated by the outside world. Each movement of the “ indicator ” Is the resultant of all the forces at work In America, Europe, Asia, and Australia which can possibly affect the valno of United States currency or United States bonds. It follows that the operators in the Gold Room should be, at the same time, the best in . formed and the most intelligent businessmen In the country. They must not only hare ' the best and latest information, but they must be able to determine Instantly what Is the effect of any given fact which may come their knowledge. They must be able to resolve the most complicated problems in mental arithmetic with out a moment's hesitation. If the Secretary of the Treasury has decided upon a cei tain measure of financial policy, or the President upon a certain measure of foreign policy ; if there is a short corn crop, or a Fenian rebellion, or a trouble in Europe, or a heavy Immigration, or a great oil dis * covery, or a change in the tariff, or anything. rise, .which can affect the currency or the public credit, they most bo able to melt down the moss and weigh the product in. stonily. This is the work of Omniscience, and of course no man can do It. Nor can tho whole gold room do it accurately at all times. Now and then tho price will run up wildly upon a given state of facts and run down again os rapidly when it U discovered that the facts ore not having the effect which was generally expected by the operators. They ore pretty cool and accurate in their calculations, but the atmosphere of the gold room almost inevitably perverts a -man’s judgment, and brings him to grief, in the long run. A few days ago word came that President Johnson had sent a despatch of 5,000 words by the Atlantic Cable to Paria -Tblrwas known In ths gold room before the despatch had got oat of the Wash triegrsph before It hod left the SUte'Hepartment- Great was the pow wow In the gold room. Gold rose rose from to 143)*. A 'Western merchant, who happened to be there, turned the matter over in his mind, and concluded that It did not make much difference i chat kind of a de spatch Mr. Seward had scot to Europe. He reasoned that the people were not well enough pleased with Andrew Johnson to follow him Into a foreign war, even If that were the purportof the despatch. He called a broker to his side and authorized him to operate for a decline within three days, and made four thousand dollars by hivlngatthe moment a grain more of common sense, or a better acquaintance with the temper of the American people, than the average of the polo room. 1 remarked at the beginning that the Gold Room was a great curiosity, and that It fur- utshed a remarkable illustration of the capa bilities of the human mind . Toe proceedings of the Board of Stock Brokers have been often described as a bedlam In which all shout atone?, and fiont without ceasing, and yet transact business in the most expeditious and orderly manner. Tnc Stock Board is provided with a moderator and two report ers, thus having the semblance of parllatneo iary law lor its government. The Gold Board has nothing of the kind. It is a ceaseless jnnpte, a whirlpool of voices, without order, without umpire, referee or stakeholder. Tet as It spins on, millions upon millions are bought and sold, the prices of all goods, wares, merchandise, produce, bonds, stocks, and property generally throughout the coun try are marked up or down, obediently to the inexorable “indicator” in the Gold Room. How these men can understand each other, and avoid making mistakes, is a mystery. In any large telegraph office In the country you will see twenty or thirty Morse Instruments clicking together, and perhaps a House print ing machine adding its hop-skip-and-jomp to the chorus. and understands his own instrament, even though be be ten feet from it, and he does not hear any other. I harp often paused to admire the scene In a large • tele graph office as a wonderful example of the perfectibility of the human ear; but Ip the cold room one mast not only discern sepa rate sounds In the midst of dense confusion. and record them accurately, but most have all his wits on the stretch at once, and yet preserve & perfect equilibrium of judgment. Now and then the noise flags, and almost ceases. While I was there. It ceased for a moment entirely* The smokers placidly polled their blue wreaths upward, and the murmur of the Utile fountain became audi ble. In ten seconds Bedlam had broken loose again, wilder than ever. “ Market ex- cited,” said my friend, James Boyd, to whose politeness 1 was indebted for an Introduction to the room; and almost immediately the indicator rose from to 141$£. The Idea that these twenty or thirty men were “the market,” and that when they exchanged yells a trifle more vociferously than usual, “the market was excited,” struck me osao droll that I laughed immoderately. It was nevertheless true. These men* were the market, and the market was excited. Some spark of inlormation bad jnst come from some quarter of the globe, which warranted tbc operators In believing that United States Icsal tender notes were worth a fraction less than they were ten seconds before. The gedd room is as sensitive to news as the “thermo-electric pile” to heat. There are two classes of operators in the gold room—commission men and speculators. Tbc former buy and sell for others. With them U is “ heads I win, tails you lose.” Nevertheless, Their commission Is a certainty, and If they 0(70 resist the temptation to do a little on their private account, they make money. The speculators make none! Rich to-day, poor to-morrow, is the rule with them. These who make money cannot get away. When a man makes ft million In the gold room, it Is as though he bad swallowed a gallon of salt water at one draught to quench bis thirst. He mast have more. So be stays and loses 11. If ho loses more than be bas, and cannot pay bis differences, be must take his place at the. outer railing. Even then be cannot drag himself away from I the place. The evil genius of gambling has j possession of biro. It bolds him last. “Ton* | “ der,” said my companion, ** Is a young “ man who might have gone away with two “ millions of dollars. He was worth it once. “ Be is now among the * dead-beats,’ as poor “as any of them. They have all been rich in “their time.” I looked over to the dead beit apartment and saw a youth, whose cast of countenance might bare inspired Tenny son to write The Lotus filers. Such mild mid melancholy eyes, such an expression of fixed uncertainty and motionless unrest, it would be hard to find save in the gold room or at n faro table. Of the “ dead-beats” gen erally it might be said: - - “ In the airrmooo they came unto a land, li. which 11 seemed always afternoon. All round the coast the languid air did swoon. Breathing like one that bath a weary dream.” Applying to the gold room the rale of averages, it stands to reason that nobody should make money in the long ran. Buy ing and selling gold produces no wealth. The miner in California brings gold Into the world. He adds to the stock of a useful commodity. But the broker in the gold room adds nothing to it. 'Out of nothing, nothing comes. Bat these men are not really baying and selling gold. Gold is the only stable thing going. It is in equilibria, or so nearly thus, that its fluctua tions take place only through periods of years. The men of the gold room aro really buying and selling United Slates currency. Is anything to be made, In the aggregate, ont of this ? Certainly not. Paper money, as Hawthorne somewhere says, is hut the shadow of a shade. They might as well trade so many tons of moonshine—“seller three as to stand there gambling In the paper promlsea of the Government. I speak of the transactions as a whole; of course somebody makes and somebody loses in nearly every transaction. Sometimes an nptiator will have a ran of extraordinary luck, which induces him to believe that he knows it all. When be reaches this point he is gone! The Idea of one’s Infallibility 1s fatal in the gold room—or out of it, for that matter. To say that the gold room is not useful would he altogether wrong. It la not only useful but necessary. I should not wish any iriend of mine to do ranch business In It, but it most be recognised as a necessity of the times. .Jta method of doing business was never invented- by anybody. Men slid into It, just ns men slid into the practice of using gold aml ellvcr formoncy. It has been found that tho .work can be done more cconomi cally and*expeditiously by the rat-pit mode than any otherf If It could be done any faster, or any cheaper, by the operators standing on their heads, they would do so. If Young America is to be found In the Gold Room, younger ,America is to he found at the doorway. The Gold Room and the i opin Stock Board are in the same building. I noticed, when I entered from Broad street, that a number of seedy individuals were buy ing and selling sbaics of Mariposa and 2?orthweslern on the sidewalk. As X came out, a ragged boy, about eight years old, with apencil and scrap of paper In bis hand, plucked me by the coat and exclaimed: ‘•Mithtcc, how'th Quleklhllver f’ This precocious operator tbooght I bad come ont of the Slock Board. Surely, I thonght, here is the commercial focus of the continent. H. W. HORACE GBEEtCT AS A XUSIO- THE AMERICAN CONFLICT. By Houses Cirexut. Volume 11. Hartford: D. D. Cs*e St Co The first Tolame of Mr. Greeley’* history of the ’’American Conflict” related mainly to the political causes and antecedents of the war. It must have already been adjudged upon by the public, and no further criticism than those wc have already made are needed or In place now. The preaent volume con* eludes the work undertaken by the author, and is mostly occupied with a narration of the events of the war, beginning with the spring of 18C2 and ending with the lastjur rctfder or renvi Jbrees. There are a few chapters of a political character but they form a small portion of the book. Confining ourselves entirely to the exam ination of this second volume, let ns ask, first, "What are Mr. Greeley's qualifications to be a historian of the war? Conceding freely bis ability at a writer of political po lemics—without saying any thing concerning the temper and fairness, or lack of (alr nrfs, characterizing them—has he the attri butes of a successful narrator of military movements, of battles, sieges and marches? In general terms It may be laid down as a rule, that to understand and describe truth fully great campaigns, one most hare had personal experience—on a smaller or larger scale—of the actual details of military lift. The lack of snch experience, either as soldier or actual witness, can only be made up by consummate genius ardby a peculiar aptness for comprehending military movements. Even so great a historian as Gibbon declares that bat for his brief experience as a militia offi cer, he would have been unable to narrate th i history of campaign* -clearly and faith fully. The best military histories have been written .by soldiers. From Julius Cesar’s matchless history, to that of the Peninsular War, by Napier, this has been exemplified frequently. In our own times, the accounts of transient writers, who have been person ally present durine military operations, .have been incomparably the most graphic and truthful. Mr. Greelsy has neither ** been a part” of the great military events he has undertaken to, describe, nor has be ever obtained tbst Insight Into them which has been gained by hundreds of representatives of the American press, who shared the privations and dangers of oar soldiers In order to tell the story of their heroic deeds and sufferings- Be baa not even that temperament which might enable Idm to cuter into the 'spirit of military life- Be belcngs by nature rather to the Quaker persuasion. He abominates «ar, and to avoid war was ready to smren der our Nationality before the first gnu was fired. It is due, we think, mainly to his phil anthropic, gentle and timid disposition, that hebreame a vo’emtary go-between, and ne gotiated with such persons as Sanders, Clay, *&c., for a dishonorable peace, at a time when there was not a Union soldier In the trench, cs, on the march, or In actual battle, who bad the slightest doubt as to the certainty of oar eventual and entire success in crushing the rebellion. So entirely devoid of the spirit and pluck which animated the men to whom wc owe our Nationality was ho, and oo in capable of understanding and trailing la the stout hearts that were In the front. - Hr, Sainton, in his history of the cam paigns of the Army of the Potomac, professes to bsre been much indebted to the private views of a large number of “instructed offi cers,” who had been with that army, and were capable of giving him a correct mill tary appreciation of its “inside history.’' Be certainly had abundant opportunities for gaining this most valuable information, and it Is to be regretted that be seems to have solicited as authorities mainly those who were Identified with the feeble and dilatory policy of McClellan, and who even justified the treachery of Porter in the Pope cim- palgn. ‘Mr- Greeley doe* not appear to have had even this partial means of getting infor mation, There are few of his chapters which betray bis acquaintance with the moss of intelligent opinions held by the best officers of our armies, and freely circulating among them alb If he had, for Instance, spent hut a few days among thebest officers of our Western army, he would hardly have given such erroneous impressions aa-he does in regard to several campaigns and battles In the West. Thtahe dees not mainly by mis-statement, but by a presentation of facts In such a manner as to leave oat Important. elements. Thus he gives the impression that Rosecrans did all Each operator hears that he could do, in tbeluka campaign, and that Us partial failure was due to the dis- positions made by his superior, General Grant. But It is a fact that It was his conduct Id this campaign that led to the first difficulty between himself and Grant, and the opinion of ‘‘instructed officers” of the Western Army most certainly aided with Grant. The account of Sherman's first unsuccessful assault on the outworks of Vicksburg omits the verylmportaut fact, (well known in the Western army) that Gen eral McClernand was at the mouth of the. Yazoo during the whole of Sherman's op erations with the ordertoassumecommaod of all the forces there, and had It in Tils pocket. We might specify many other In stances where, it is evident that Mr. Greeley has written the history of military event* in about the same manner as he would have done from day to day in his paper, and with no more accurate and full compre hension. Bat how could we expect much more from him ? He safe that the present volume was not contemplated by him until after the draft riot of ISCS. Up to thattlme ho frank ly admits that he “had not been habitual ly confident of an auspicious imme diate issue from our momentous struggle.” “Never_ doubting,” says he, “that tho nliimaie result would be such as to vindicate emphatically the pro foundly wise beneficence of God, It bad seemed to me more probable—ln view of the protracted and culpable* complicity of the North In whatever of guilt or shame, of im morality or debasement, was Inseparable from tbo existence and growth of American slavery—that a temporary triumph might accrue to the Confederates.” In otberwords —for the reasons, we have given above—Mr. Greeley had little faith in the efforts of our soldiers In the field. Thus tardily aroneed to feeling a portion of the assurance which filled every soldier’s breast, Mr. Greeley undertakes the great task of narrating the achievements of our armies. It can readily be conceived that a writer of such a temper ament conld hardly be expected to enter, even in Imaalcatton, Into that true martial spirit which upheld and Inspired onr soldiers and sailors. Had be been of totally different temperament, there were still many difficul ties In the way of a successful accomplish ment of his task. To examine and sift prop erly the vast mass of materials essential to the obtaining of correct estimates of onr Generals and their campaigns, would alone be the work of at least ten yean of unto* tenanting study. Besides this—and even of more Importance—it was his duty to have spent much time In personal inquiries of the best Intormcd and most trustworthy officers of our various armies. The allusions to President Lincoln iu this volume are so Infrequent and so cart, as to excite surprise. ’Whatever Mr. Greeley may think of the late President, It Is certain that be filled altogether the largest place in the panorama of the war. A history which does •not do justice to this fact is signally wonting in the first requisite of history. That Mr. Greeley and Mr. Lincoln differed almost con stantly, both as to measures of war and measures of peace, we are well aware. If posterity shall conclude that Mr. Greeley has allowed this circumstance to disfigure his work, they will pass a severe Judgment'spou blm both as a historian and as a man. As a history of the war this volume has few merits. It is os dry and as devoid of the spirit which should animate such a history as a mere, unpretending “annual register” would be. The war covered so much ground, its events were so numerous, and there arcso many conflicting statements, that no man liv ing conld have written Its whole history wor thily in the time taken by Mr, Greeley, even bad his time been otherwise unemployed, had he obtained some personal knowledge of the actualities of the war when it was in progress, and had he not such a temperament as to unfit him to be the historian of any war. The volume before ufl, like its predecessor, is well printed by O. D. Case & Co., Hart ford. It Is embellished with several Illustra tions, of which tbebest isa larpevignette of the author, and the worst a small one of Gen eral Grant. The others are loir, with some exceptions. A Veteran* Ttpo.—Mr. John Saxton, senior editor of the Canton (Ohio) Repjtitory, who is now in his seventy-fifth year, set type ontbe President’s message last Monday night from eight o’clock until midnight, patting up In that tlmeS.soo eras. The old veteran has published his firpotiiory continuously for the period ofncarly fifty-two years. Ho ha? helped to produce every Issue of the paper from the period It was started in 1814 till the present time. Mr. Thomss Goodman, Secre tary of the Lumbermen’s Insurance Company of this city, is the son-in-law of this veteran of the press. The Detroit TVitane announces with grcatpleas. are that the Italian fragnJittw, Ristorl, will visit that cl yon January lldi and 12th. She will be accompanied by her whole troupe of fifty-three persons. She will appear In-the-part* of Queen Elizabeth and lady Macbeth. The turn paid the atntff for the two ntehtx U {5.000. Tie Tribunt beasts that Detroit will be the first Western city at which thi great Ristorl will appear. Mr. Frank W. Palmer has sold out Us Interest in the lova Staff Sfeiittrxo J. W. & F. M. Mills, indtke paper nil! hrreaiter be published by the Eepi-rref Printing Company. Mr. Palmer and Mr. Dixon will retain the editorial control of the paper. Voder the new arrangement Mr. Palmex will aive his whole attention to editors! dudes and then can be no doubt that the paper will continue to be a sound sod enterprising journal. ' U la etated tbit 'he Prince oi Wales is about to MIA 11, become a Free Mason. General Kooaseaae wife and daughter were on the train wrecked at the Zanesville bridge. They escaped unhurt- • -,. - Professor Samuel G. Brown, a Professor at Dart mouth College, baa been unanimously elected President of Hamilton Colleire. Bex. Dr. Dlx, of N'ev York, said in a late ser mon, that be could mention an insurance company with a property of fi H,000,t00, and at least three Individuals in that city who were worth {50,000.000 each. William Thompson, a boop-ikirt manufacturer, of lr»lrgton,3«ew York, is going to present to the Tate College School of Fine Arts a ataue of Ruth, worth |5,00U, and a collection of picture* from the European masters, valued at {30,000. An old lady named Elisabeth Ross, residing in Masefield, Ohio, was attacked the other day by a ferocious hog, knocking her- down, breaking her leg. and tearing her in a shocking manner. Her life w as at first despaired of, but she la recovering. A letter from Paris, dated November fifth, say*: *• Lord Lytton, bis brother Sir Henry ttnlwer.-Mr. PoDard-Crqnbart, U. P., Mr. Dronyn de L'hnys ard M. Prevoet-Paradol were at Mrs. Bigelow's reception last eveciae. The new peer was almost mobbed by American ladles anxloaa to be intro duced to the author of • Pelham.’" Hr. W. H Elite baa retired from his editorial connection with *he Lafayette (lad.) JouraeL He has only occupied the position fbr a tew months. The Count of Flanders has rented the whole right wing of the Grand Hotel donng the Fads Exhibition. Ibe Duke of Nassau has taken a mission in the avenue dea Curntpo Cyoeea y be intends to make Paris bis home. The Emperor expects to find the Exhibition eutaQ *o much anneal expense os him be. win entertain no guests at Complegne this reason. The lately presented design of the sculptor Jackson, for the Rhode Island Soldi era* Monu m.nt, ecsteaphttes a structure fbrty feet high, sunn ousted by a stalee tsrelve feet high, symbolic of the State, bearing a wreath. The cost will not exceed fM'.OOO. A fellow called at the office of Morris Kctcbmn, in New York, cm Patardsy last, representing that be bad Jost arrived from Sinr Stag with the Intel ligence of the accidental death of Edvard Kctch db. Mr. Eetcbnm and fimUy being at their resi dence at Westport, he wa« dedred to carry the news ro them, sad with his request was famished with an overcoat and ten dollars la money, tor tbs Journey. Going to the depot he searched through the train for a parecnair to Westport, and finding on*, sent a message to the fkmDr, notifying them to await the body at the depot ta Westport by the first train on Monday morning. The news spread rapidly, and.was generally beficred at Westport, nntD a telegram revealed the imposition. When Jnd. e Wlnaas bad passed sentence of tmniiraament in tbe penitentiary on George Methard, convicted ot burglary at the Lact aosaton oftheConrtof Common Picas here, the prisoner j»ked the Judge when he would be expected to go. -l Because," said he, M 1 can bazdty finish np what tide nmnlrg round I have to do at home short of two or three weeks." The Judge blandly Informed George that it would be for the Sheris, la whose custody he then was, to ear when he should go. **o, welt,” aald George, "there is no use of talking; I can't possibly arrasge my busi ness at heme and get ready to w Inside of two weeks at least."—Jrata TbreVtfA,. A Lonsda'e man poblubed the following adver tteemrnt In the Woonsocket Ibtriot: ** Ibe young boy that posted bis wife Mary, in 'be last week's Jtertor. for leaving his * bed and board,' brought bis wits to my bouse five or atx weeks ago, rick with the typhoid fever, and agreed to pay her board, which he fitted to do. I hereby I forbid all fods posting their wire* on my bed [ and board, after this date." LETTERS FUOSI THE PEOPLE. Secretary iricCallocla** Financial roller. Cmcioo, December 10. Editors Chicago Tribune: I Id the name of Chicago and the worth-1 west, I declaro-wsr against Hugh MeCnl- I loch. I denounce him as the most supple I and servile tool of the gold gambler* and slock jobbers; the most remorseless and nn-1 scrupulous enemy of business interests and I business men who h*s held the power of the I Treasury for many years. I He knowa that the Immense business of I (hia country, extended over a vast area, and | participated in by nearly the whole body of | the'people,' cannot be successfully carried oo I without a more abundant circulating medium I than is required 1c any other country. I He knows that In times of abundant cur-1 rency, - universal prosperity reigns, and the | development of the country proceeds vrilh a | wonderful energy and rapidity. I He knows that when the currency is re duced end gold becomes king, every kind of business languishes, the poor arc reduced to I a stale between beggary and bondage, and I the misers of every community become its I lords and Us task roasters. I He knows that a “greenback policy” | would develop this country more in twenty | years than a gold policy could do in sixty I s *He knows that the great body of the peo-1 pit* sud the great majority of business men, I arewarmlv and decidedly In favor of an am ple amount of Government currency, and op-1 noted to hia contraction policy. But he defies the popular will. He wages war on the business interests of the country. . , He plavs into the hands of the gamblers in stocks and gold to produce fluctuations and panics, and'inflict losses on men engaged in I leglumatc business. | He calls upon Congress for more power lo do evil; sod. If he could, would destroy the money wulch makes the great mass of the people Independent, and reduce them to the ■ condition of serfs dependent on the favor of such masters as himself. ~ 1 If he were driven out of office, and his I place supplied with a man whose heart is 1 with the people, sod whose mind will give a I willing service to their interests, the country I would go forward in an unexampled march I of prosperity and power. , I As a measure of values, gold Is one of the I most fluctuating and deceptive. Its value I changes with every supply from the mines | and every shipment abroad. I Gold, sllvcrandcoppcrareno more natural j mediums of exchange than diamonds, rubies I and emeralds. , . I An arbitrary act of the law declares what 1 thing shall represent values and satisfy legal obligations. The law made the greenback a legal tender In payment of debts, and the necessity of begging and borrowing gold to effect exchanges ceased. So the Secretary wiihcs to deprive the people of greenbacks and make gold agffin the master of their | properly and toil. ..... Let every business man in the Northwest yea In the country—write to hia Representa tive and Senator In Congress, demanding the immediate construction of a legal cage, which no veto can nnlock, and the immediate confinement therein of Hugh McCulloch. Secretary of the Treasury. f *Lct him spend the residue ofMsofflcial term in contemplating the enormities of a finan cial evstem whose end. If he had been able to carry it out, would have been the distress of the poor, the aggrandizement of the rich, and an immense reduction ot the wealth and power of the country. J. H. B. Dow Should Florida be B©constructed Editors Chicago Tribune: Congress may not enact wicked laws for tbe rebel States, nor give them other than republican forms of Government. Subject to only these two limitations, the lawful power of Congress over these “conquered provinces" Is omnipotent. In Its discretion, it may lawfully blot oat the old Slate boun daries and run new ones. It may divide any one or more of them, thus increasing the number; or it may consolidate two or more of them Into one, thus diminishing their number. They are as completely under the liwful control of Congress in these and ail other respects as were New Mexico and Ari zona when acquired from Mexico hy treaty,

tho boundaries ol both of which Congress has since changed at pleasure, without ques tion frem any quarter. Some of tbe smaller of these States might well be consolidated, but in the absence of strong reasons it Is scarcely worth while to attempt it. Sadh reasons do exist in the ease of Florida. This Is a long and rather awkwardly shaped State, consisting of two wings, one a peninsula stretching southward between the Atlantic and the GuU of Mex ico, and the other, a long narrow strip reach ing westward, and shotting otf tbe whole of Georgia and nearly all of Alabama from fronting on the Gnu. _ Tbe entire population In ISCO, amounted to 140 424, ot whom 02,677 were negroes. Tbe 20th parallel dirides tbe State Into two very nearly equal parts. The north half lies be tween this line and the Gulf on tbe south, and Georgia and Alabama on tbe north, along the southern boundary of which Slates it stretches 350 miles or more. In this nar row were found 120,G11 of all the inhabit ants of the State In 1860, being about tbir tccu-fonrteenths. Of tbe remainder, nearly belonged to JCey West, bcingthe whole, orjDtarlr the whole population of Monroe Conutv, nnd leaving about 8,000 on the main land, 'south of the 291 h parallel, to strive with the alligators for the mastery of what is almost an entire and continuous swamp, especially south of the ‘JStb degree. Now, by their treason, the rebel States Jorfcilcd all their former legal rights. Whatever of privilege is granted them is so much clear gain from the magnanimity of tbe Federal Government. It belongs not to them, or their attorneys, however high in official position, to clamor about rights, of which, under the law, they have not a shred left. But it does belong to Congress to take care, in reconstructing these rebel communities, “that the Repub lic suffer no detriment.” This it may do, first negatively, by making sure that they derive no Increase of powertrain their rebel lion, and secondly, positively, by curtailing their former power where it may be done with manifest propriety. In this view, the situation of Florida as shown above, Invites to . the annexation of that port east of the Appalachlcola River to Georgia, and that parl'lvlng west of the same river, to Alaba ma. If any Copperhead lawvcr can give any sound reason In law, or any Democratic cas uist can advance any good reason in morals, whv a victorious nation should allow to a conquered province of 140,(XX) souls, as much power In the upper House of Its Legislature, as tosnotherof its States with a population of 4,000,000, and which never rebelled, let cither speak ont. A listening public will be glad to hear. It will avail nothing to instance Rhode Island and Delaware. Tneie States never rebelled. Hence, id both law and morals, it is wholly beyond tbe power of Congress to cnrtail tbe representation of either of them in either the Senate or House. And so It was with Florida liom the day of her admission into the Colon, till the day of her rebellion. The day she appealed to the swotd she lost the last vestige of all rights except belligerent rights. And that U her situation to-day. If any porllou of her for mer legal rights be restored, it belongs to her to receive tbe boon In humility and thankfulness. Besides the advantage of re ducing in this way the aggregate power of these rebel States t>y two votes in the Sen ate, there is another indirect gain of no mean value. The heretical dogma of “Slate sovercignlv” was at the bottom of the rc belllom Borne down in tbe conflict of - anna. It was supposed (o have perished at Appomattox Court House. Under high official nurs nnrs'mg, most persistent efforts have been since Tns<iw to bring the monster back to life; to recover through the weakness of the lawgiver, whai was struck down by the sword of the soldier. Let this miserable effort succeed and the way Is left open for Ibture quarrels and tutnre rebellion. Con gress now has the opportunity to ratify the decision ol the sword. Let it practically assert the paramount authority oftbe nation over any of its rebellious parts, by annihi lating toe separate State existence of Florida and 'partitioning it between Georgia and Florida. This, of course, should not \ be' done wantonly. Bat inasmuch as neither Us paucity of . popula-, lion nor the immense extevt of its swamps ' give it asv just moral or anfficient physical | claims, cor Its treason any valid legal right, to the dicnlty of a separate State existence, I U is an additional argument In favor of its I incorporation with the other two States, | that such an assertion of lawful power on the part of Congress will prove to be the i finishing up and- perfecting of tbe work so I well done by the soldiers on the field. The mere legal reasons fbr treating any of the , other rebel States in a similar manner arc qaiie as valid as in tbe case of Florida. But the facte are not so strongly against them. Their more compact shape and larger popu lation are greatly In their favor. If it he desirable in any case to conciliate rel-els, a minor consideration in favor of such , disposition of Florida would be found In the fact that It would doubtless gratify both Georgia and Alabama to see their respective boundaries extended to and rounded off by I the Gulf coast. Besides it would rea'ly be better everv wav for the above mentioned thirteen fourteenths o' the Inhabitants of Florida living contiguous to the other two States, to be'under the eatne State Govern ment with the people of their own back country, than under a different one. Habits of Great Students. Racine composed bis verses while walking about, reciting them In a load voice. One dap, while thus working at his play of Mlth ri dates, In the Toil cries Gardens, a crowd of workmen gathered around him attracted by his pestores; they took him for * madman aboot to throw himself into the basin. On bis return borne from such walks, he would write down scene hr scene, at tint in prose, and when he bad written it out he wopld ex claim, “My tragedy is done!” considering the dressing of the sets up In Terse as a very email affair. . , Msgllabecchi, the learned librarian to the Duke of Tuscanr. on the contrary, nexer stirred about, but lired amid hooks. These were his bed, board and washing. He passed debt and forty rears in their midst, only twice In the course of his life venturing be vend the walls of Florence; once to go two leagues off, and the other three and a half leagues, by order of the Grand Duke. He was an extremely frugal man, living upon eggs, bread and water In great moderation. Luther,- when studying, always had his dor King at his feet, a doe he had brought from 'tVsrlbnrg. and of which he was very fond. Ad Ivory crucifix stood at the table before him, and the walls of his study were atnckxonnd with caricatures of the Pone. He worked at his desk for days together with out going out; but when fatigued, end the ideas began to stagnate, to>k his guitar with him Into the porch, and there executed some musical phantasy (for he was a skilful musician) when the ideas would flow upon him as fresh as flowers after a summer’s rain. Music was his invariable solace at such times- Indeed, Luther did not hesitate to say that, alter theology, mu sic was the first of arts. “ Music," said be. "is the art of the prophets; it is the only other art which. 111. Iheolosy, can calm Ilia agitation cl tho soul and nnt the dc»U to Dlcht.” Nsxt to om-10. If not before it, Luther loved children and flowers. The great gnarled man had a heart as tender as a woman a. , , Calvin studied in bis bed. Every morning at five or six o'clock, bo baa books, manu scripts and papers earned to him there, and bad he occasion to go out, on his return no went to bed again to continue bis studios. In I bis latter years he diclated hU writings to secretaries. Be rarely corrected any thlmr. The sentences Issued complete from hu mouth. It he felt the faculty of composi tion leaving him, he forthwith quitted his bed, gave up writing and comoosing, and w.nt about his out-door duties for days, weeks and months together. Bat as soon as I be /elt the Inspiration fall upon mm again, I be went hack to his bed and his secretary I w** set to work forthwith. a I Paschal wrote most of his thoughts on I little scrape of paper. At his by momenta, I Fenelon wrote nls Talcmachua Id the palace I of Venail’cs. at the Court of the Grand | Monarque, when discharging the duties of I tutor to the Dauphin- That a book so thor- I ongbly democratic should have issued Irom | such a source, and be written by a priest, I Quincy promulgated his notions of I universal freedom of person sod trade, and lof throwing all taxon theAapd—the germ, I perbnTW. of the French Revolution—ln the 1 boudoir of Madame de Pompadour. I Bacon knelt down before composing his ! great work, and prayed for light and Inspira- I lion from heaven. "Pope never could com | pope well without decUiming for some time I at the top of hia voice, and thus arousing hU I nervons system to Its fullest activity. I The life of Leibulta was oue of reading, I writing, and meditation. That was the se- I cret of his prodigious knowledge. After an I attack of tne gout, be confined himself to a diet of bread and milk. Often be slept lo a I chair, and rarely went to bed till after mid- I night Sometimes be was months without Quitting his seat, where he slept by night and wrote by day. He had an ulcer In bis I right leg, which prevented his walking about, { even had he wished to do so. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. A Person in Want of Information Supplied. A C barge of Conspiracy, and What It Amounts to under Analysis. [From the Clocumatl Commercial.] The following circular, io connection with our remarks np°n it, will, we think, interest persons engaged in the management of West- eras newspapers t “Drrnorr, Hiclu, December 5. “To til Western Editor*: “Two jean and a half ago I delected and ex posed, at a moctii g of the Westers Arochled Pres*. held at Cincinnati. a conspiracy on the part of Chicago, Cindncail and SL Lotus papers, 'o prostitute the machinery and Indueuco of th* Association to tbe promotion of their own ir.dirl.in>! In tercets. The plan undoubtedly w«, and is to break op the existing telegraphic news arrangements, ana compel toe smaller journals to took to the three leading Western cities for tbetr ecus. Instead of to New York as at present. 1 am not mre that the conspiracy does not extend farther, and contemplate the owarflng and possibly crushing oat altogether ol the ' eaker papers of the Wear, moidcMhal the public may be compelled to patronise the half dozen Journals that consulate toe ring. This ring 1 know to comprise the Cincinnati Gaz*U» *nd Commercial the Chicago Thibchk, tbe St. Louis R*pvlHcai, and probably other papers in I tbosvdUea. The Chicago Time* preserves an ap- I parent Udltference, and toe Hejinbuca’i U pos- I jtivtJy opposed to the monopolists. Tbe I Wcslern Press can judge for itself weetber the late preceding* or Messrs. White arid Halstead are is furtherance of the altos of this conspiracy. The President of the Western Associated Press has been endeavoring to secaro a I meeting of the Association to ratify or reject the action of Messrs. Halstead and while, which, as it §«ands, i-« entirely unauthorized by the A-ao- I cialiou.or even their directors; balb> a provision of the by-laws, the calling of special meetings mutt be done hy a majority of the Board 01 Direc tors, and the conspirators controlling the Board, . the necessary consent cannot bo obtained. lathe . meantime, they hope, bv threat* and otherwise, to get the entire'Westers Press committed totbeir new arrangement. . „ . „ . “it sow remains for the smaller publishers to decide whether It is better to submit to the mild tyranny of a distant and hence impartial master, like the New York Association, or whether we shall place ourselves lo ttm dafehes ot a Western monopoly, whore Interest will ever He in a tam pering and crushing os for their own aggrandise ment. Again, we have always found fault with itc news of the New York Association, under Craig's management. Is It likely that, under a dlLercot name, Craig's news will be more satisfac tory * Onr interest, I think, lies in making a new arrangement with the New York Association, by which a roach better quality of despatches shall be secured than we have heretofore had. and this 1 have no doubt is practicable. Western pub lishers should look this matter well In the face, before committing themselves to the new arrange ment - J. K. Sempra, “Mtracmg Editor Detroit Mzertiter and Ttibune." Mr. Scripts is not informed In the matters of which he assumes to give information, and therefore falls into material errors. The as* eerted discovery of a “conspiracy” In this city, two years ago, Is. in the strictest sense of the word, foolish. That which Mr. Scrlpps terms a conspiracy, was a simple proposi tion that arrangements should be made al lowing newspaper establishments with large resources and enterprising dispositions, to obtain more news by telegraph than the proprietors of papers with small revenues, aiid who were wanting In an enterprising spirit, could or would pay for. If Mr. Scrlpps could talk a few minutes with one having a practical knowledge of telegraphlpg.be would ascertain that it costa the telegraph company as much to drop dea- S etches at Detroit, Toledo and Dayton as U ocs to send them to Cincinnati, St. Louis and Chicago; that there are more lines ran* nlug to the large than the small cities; and as there is more commercial business done In the largo than thesmall towns, the telegraph offices m the former contain the most com petent operators, and are, In all respects, provided with the best equipments; that it is much more convenient for the telegraph companies to furnish (Ull reports of news to large than to small towns; and also, that matter can be sent at a lower rate to places where a large business Is done and ample provision is natu rally made for It. than to those where, as there U but little done, few facilities arc fur nished. Mr. Scrippsmay possibly hare beard of that remarkable illustration of providen tial care for the race of man seen In the larger rivers flowing by the principal cities; and we suppose be regards that arrangement as in the nature of a conspiracy. “Whether,” says Mr. Scripps, “ the late proceedings of Messrs. White and Halstead are in furtherance of the alms of this Con spiracy," each can judge for hlmselC Pre cisely. And it may be well lor consideration to be given tbc truth that the Executive Committee of the Associated Press had the fact forced upon them lr New York that It would be to the interest of the larger cities of the West to combine and receive exclu slve reports full and direct from the great centre* of general and political news-oew York and Washington—and leave the news papers of the smaller towns to sbi/l for lh» twelves. A plain narrative of facts may give the be foeged Scripps new light. A part of the mis sion of the Executive Committee of the West ern Associated Press to New fork was to contract for r. frill and direct report of the proceedings of Congress lor such Western newspapers as might be willing to pay for It. All newspaper publishers, and readers, too, in the West, are tamiliar with the scrappy and unsatisfactory character of Congressional debates and business which we have endured, and understand the necessity for reform. It was proposed, therefore, to have the proceedings of Congress reported specially for the Western press, giving prominence to Western men and interests, and to forward lb’s report directly west. Instead of bringing It bv the old process around by New Torkand Buffalo. It was certain that Cincinnati, St. Louis and Chicago wanted such a report, and probable that other cities would take it, ■bearing due proportions of the additional cost, in preference to the odious bungle with which we had been served. There would have been no difficulty io obtaining the re port for the chief cities, and so the Execu tive Committee were repeatedly informed. The committee were not acting for the laige cities alone, but fbr the Western A*so ciatea Press; and they said: “We cannot contract for certain cities only. It Is neces sary that Pittsburgh, Wheeling, Cleveland, Detroit, Toledo, Indianapolis, Louisville, Springfield, 111., and Milwaukee, may have gny report we may provide for, if they, or any ox them want it.” This complicated and embarrassed negotiations, because while the maragers of the telegraph knew they could furnish ten thousand words per day In good time to the papers of the three, or four, or five Western cities, rbere there were the greater facilities for telegraphing (H is a remarkable coincidence that will attract the attention of Mr. Scrippe, that la those very places the news papers are financially most flourishing and ; morally most demonstrative). It was a very different and far more difficult, Indeed an impracticable thing, to serve such a report to a dozen towns; and to the smaller towns : It could not be served at any price without constructing new Hoes and equipping the offices of fourth-class places for a first-class business. Hence the “ conspirators” abandoned the idea of getting a foil and direct Congressional I report, not became they could not get such I a report as they wanted for themselves, but I because they could not get It for the others, I e ome of whom are now, with the stupidity | of -ignorance and the eagerness of maUce, abusing them. A standing difficulty and grievance In the i West la, that the regular report received by I all the papers has not been prepared to suit Wetem reader*, but has been a rehash at j Buffalo of the report for the State papers of ! New York, which report was a care ' less and clumsy abstract of the news of the ! New York Associated Pftss. Onr regular Western report has for years been the Buffalo abstract ot the New York State Press ab stract: and some of ns bare ventured to be lieve it was not desirable that the news fbr the West should be distilled exclusively through the Buffalo office. The Executive Committee of the Western Associated Press . sought, at New York, to find and apply the remedv; and bad under consideration a plan for fhroUhfcig the Western Press with two reports—one like that of the New York City Press, for the larger cities ; the other Uke that of the New York State Press fbr the smaller places. In one phase of the negoti ations this idea was presented: “Let the short report be made up, as now, in Buffalo —only hare some one competent to adapt it to the Western papers—and sent to the papers of the smsWer towns ; and let the pa per* of the larger towns take the entire re port direct from the city of New York,” and pav the additional cost. Now this doe* not seem, on the surface, to be a verr unfair sort of proposition.' It is simply that there shall be two reports of news sent to the Western journals, each as complete in itself as practicable, and that the Western ■publishers shall decide which they will take—the short sod cheap or the long and costly one. What do persons of Mr. Scripps’ limited facilities for knowing thing* suppose caused the failure of this representing the telegraph interest, to whom the project was made known, observed: “But in that case, von of the larger towns woold not take the shorter report at all, for U would necessarily be, so far as U went, a duplication.” This wa* true, the response was to that effect, and the manager of the telegraph continued ; “You would than expect tho newspaper propria- t-r» in tbc smaller towns to par the entire coat of ibclr own despatches." “Certai«ly “Well, they could not d«» it. If you take out th* larger towns, and make an oxelaslvo arrangement far them, tbo smaller towns would find the cost of despatches so increased that they would be unable to pay the bUls." “ Then we of the larger towns have actual)! been pajlng la larM pirt for the de*ratcbe* sent to the smaller towns, hare we V* The reply was, “To be sare yon & HeVe the “conspirators" of the Western “news ring" withdrew the memorandum they hadsnmbltlca, because, recognizing the fall obligations of the renrcsentatlye capaci ty in wmch they acted, they could not enter into a contract that would work to the dis adraiitage of the weakest of their constitu ents ; and the circular of Mr. Sciipps assarts them of tbe appreciation with which some of the weak btethreu reward them for the ful filment ol their trust. , , ... The remedy for the evil as It stands, with out compelling the papers of the smaller towns to psy altogether for their own de snatches, Is to hare both reports come from New York, Instead o f continuing tbe absurd arrangement of haying one report made up at Buffalo and another at New York. It will cost a little more to have tbe “regular* re port direct from New York, hut It wIU be a first abstract Instead of a second hash; and It will come through in good time, saying oar friends, who fake short reports, the trouble of sitting np all night waiting for them and It will ayold the duplication that Is inevitable when two reports are made up at points five hundred miles apart by reporters not in communication with each other, each ol whom can only •mess at what the other Is doing. Mr. Scripps will see a conspiracy In this, we hare no dou» t, for it provides an opportunity of obtaining more news for a huge than can be famished for a small sum of money. W hile be, on the sth, was preparing his pronnneiaroento. asserting thut the President of the Western Press Association was baffled In bis efforts to obtain a legal call for a meet ing of the Association, by tbe conspirators, too comprised a majority of the Board of Directors, those conspirators were urging the President to make tbe call, not to obtain the endorsement of tbe Association, for that they have already, but to take advantage of tbe interest felt among publishers to strengthen tbe Association, and prepare U lor the ac complishment of its important duties in the work of emancipating the Press of the coun try from the dull and pernicious despotism of the New York clique- If such concerns as the Detroit Adv«rii»er and Tribune, and the Press of tbe West generally, that U wanting In capital, enterprise, tact and good sense, wish to repudiate the action taken in New York by the Executive Committee of tbe Western Associated Press, wo have no objec tions. Wc are persuaded It would be wise for all Western newspapers to go with us in estab lishing competition In news getting and dls. trlbullng at New York, ana we hope to co operate with the Press of the West in the common interest; hot, if alarm as to a Western news ring and conspiracy prevails, and tbe smaller papers are convinced the New York Associated Press will permanent ly pay for despatches sent them, the con spirators of the principal cities will be able to do a very handsome thing for themselves, unembarrassed by considerations of tbe ob ligations under the old contracts to pay the bills of others. If there were such a con spiracy as Mr. Scrlpps Imagines, he would be playing into the hands of those engaged In It. ~ People Informed and otherwise, may di vide tne odium at tacbing to the former man agement of the New York Associated Press as they please, but It la certain our Execu tive Committee fonra the old tyrannous, exclusive and exnci ; r;g spirit of the Associa tion unabated, exasperated rather, by the change in its management, and found -Mr. Cr-ifr offering the Press of the coun try an opportunity never belore ac cessible, of' asserting their independ ence and establishing a wholesome competi tion that would at once Improve the char acter of the news, and prove of Inestimable value to commercial centres remote from 'New York, in preventing the robbery of com munities through the illegitimate use of in formation commuted to unscrupulous hands by a news monopoly. Concerning the interest that Mr. Scripps thinks lies in making a new arrangement with the New York Associated Press, be manifestly speaks from the depths of an ig norance that is profound. We will suppo-ie Mr. Scripps In New York to procure a better quality of despatches for the papers ont side of the ‘‘news ring'’ in the West. The New Yorkers will assure him of their own magnificent enterprises. He will probably be called upon especially to ad mire enormous expenditures for news of the New York Sun, Express and Journal of Com merce He wants better reports, he will tell them. They are accommodating and will furnish anything he wants. He will of course submit without a murmur to their rule that be must not buy an item of intelligence from anv outside party in New York. Then he will desire to contract for a very nice report very cheap; and presently will learn that they will have nothing to do with the management of the telegraph, and that he most contract to pay the telegraph company for the transmission of the news—and If be inquires what such messages as he wants will cost, ho will ascer tain that if It were not ior the financial abil ity and generosity of the Western ring of “conspirators,” he would bo Impoverished by bills for telegraphing half the news he now receives. M. H. Comment* of the Pre**. LOUISVILLE. fFr.im the Losfrdtle Democrat] The qoarrol between the New York As sociated iTteS* and Mr. D. H. Craig, who, until rcccntlv, was its General Superinten dent, will rebMt, 60 Car as the Western and Sootbcrn Press is concerned. In favor of the latter. The New York Associated Press concen trated everything in the way of telegraphic ncwaln that city first, and then served to the Western press only such as it chose to sena, making everything secondary to New York, and seeming to care but little whether the collection of news was valuable to Western and Southern publishers or not. We not nufreqeentiv were furnished with an Item, somewhat la detail, giving an account of a wheelbarrow factory somewhere In New Eng land having been destroyed by fire with a total loss of $1,400. Now, we shall be supplied with news fur nished by an agent in the Interest of the “Western Associated Prcsa,” and whose duty It will be to regard our wants as of primary Importance. The change, we are convinced, must In the end redound to the general good of Western and Southern pub lishers. The old monopoly undertook to coerce Western publl«hers into receiving their despatches exclusively, under the pain and penalty ol a threat to exclude all who did not promptly pronounce in their Civor. So far we have not hjjard of a single paper in the West that they have badgered into term*. In fact, the Western press have ao long suffered under tne lash of this established monopoly that they re joiced at the opportunity afforded them of makimg a change. We ate happy to state that the press of the city of New Aibanv, of Memphis, of New Orleans, and of Mobile and other points, go with the Western association. SPBINOTItLU, MASSACHUSETTS. [From the Sprlojtfeld (Vomi.) Republican, No- \eiub«t i 3.1 sfr. Craig announces a “ten-strike” In his efforts to bm!d np a Telegraphic News Ageo ct against that of the New York Associated p'rtss—no less than the transference of tba Western Press to his arrangements. This includes the Chicago, Cincinnati, Piisborgh, Louisville. Detroit, Cleveland and St. Louis journals, and altogether 1* the most nmner* ons and powerful branch of tbe press of the country ont of New York. Their adherence to Mr. Craig's agency will insure its success, and will lend to divide the press ot the cooatr/at once nearly equally between the two-great news agencies. EXTESSITE BOBBERIES. Capture of tbe Bobber*—One of Them Sbot by an Offlcer-'Liree Amount of the Property Recovered* (From the St. Loots Republican, December 7.1 On the night of the2sth of November, tbe jeweby store of J. D. Herrick, m Quincy, IU., was broken Into byburgiars, and jewel ry to the amount of $3,000 taken. Op tbe following night tbe same gang of robotrs as was afterwards demonstrated, visited Au gusta on the Burlington & Chicago Railroad, and robbed the store of Mead & Workings, jewelers, of about $1,500 worth of property, and the came night a store in Plymouth, a small town about four miles from Augusta, was also robbed. These daring and consecutive robberies cre ated. as might be * expected, no small stir In tbe good town of Quincy, and the police authorities were actively ex ercised to discover the perpetrators. Tbe day after tbe robbery at Augnsla, detective J. C. McCrcw. of the Quincy force, .and an energetic and vigilant officer, got on tbe trail of a daring and well-known robber, named Thomas Meta olio* St. Clair, who was suspected of being implicated In tbe above mentioned robberies. After a little quiet “working up,” McCrew traced Meta to the Virginia Hotel In Quincy. When the officer entered the house, he encountered Metz in the tmti, and informed him that “nis game was up,” and that be was a prisoner. The desperate robber thus brought to bay was sot, however, dis posed to yield quietly. A few words posted between him and McCrew. when be levelled a pistol and was about to fire, but before ne could pull the trigger tbe officer shot him m the heart, killing him almost instantly. McCrew also arrested a man named Somers and a woman, supposed to be implicated. After this the officer was arrested for the kUling of Metz, but on a brief examination, was discharged, and resumed his Investiga tions after toe stolen property. Nearly all the goods taken at tbe robbery in Augusta and Plymouth were found in a carpet-sack concealed in a lumber-yard in Quiney,with the exception of a watch and a couple of rings found on the person of Metz. In reference to the property stolen in Quincy, it was as certained tbat it bad been sent to Hannibal, and thither officer McCrew followed it, but on srriringtbere discovered that it had been sent on to at. Louis lu charge of a man who took passage on tbe steamer Rob Boy. The officer immediately came on here, arriving last Wednesday, and sought the assistance of oar detectives m hunting np the stolen prop erty. Tbe matter was taken up vigorously and workedjudlcionsly.officers vrrigbt, Cook and Jaques devoting their keenest wits to the purpose, and with most satiS&ctory results, within the last two days over $1,500 worth of property, consisting of every description of Jewelry has been recovered, a large por tion being found In a pawn shop In tbe cen tral part of the city, and the glance la a boose on Ninth street, between O’Fdlon and Caas avenue, occupied by a Sirs- Mansfield and Mrs. Jones, the wife of the well-known counterfeiter recently sent to the pewten- Uary for fifteen years; both those women were arrested, and also a man found la tbe house named Win. Mead. It Is said the women are not guilty of receiving the stolen property, that It was brought to the house by tbe man that was arrested. Howeverthst msy be. they were arrested and committed to await examination. It is anticipated that the balance of tbe Ero petty will be recovered in » few days, rue curious developments are expected to take place in connection with these robberies In Quincy and vicinity. It Is known that they have been planned and carried oat by an organized band of robbers, and it Is said that a fbw well known persons 'in Quincy, vho have borne hitherto an irreproachable character are Implicated indirectly In the de i.redstions, or at least were cognizant of the matter. A rigid examination. however, U on foot, when the actual facta will no doubt be elicited *, or If they are not, at least they ought to be. attempt to etadethb eeyetue LAWS. Lively Time on a European Ship at New Orleans. Prom the New Orleans Picayune, December 6.J The revenue officers ol onr port succeed ed, on Monday lost, in making a seizure of several thousand dollars worth of articles, secreted upon the persons and among the personal baccage of passengers on board of the ship Sorento, lying at Post 48, Third District. This vessel had just arrived from Havre, France, and her passengers were just in the act of landing, when custom house , officers George F. Do Maine and Augustus Cassard, specially detailed for the purpose, | politely informed them that in consequence { of information having been received from screw the water that some of the party in tended to defraud the revenue, they would have to remain for the purpose of being searched. This announcement fell like a fif teen inch shell among the crowd of passen gers, who. gathering around the inspectors, loudly and Indignantly proclaimed the re port a base slander. .... Mr. Cos sard and Ms associate having travelled a little in their day, and being en tirely conversant with the matter they had In hand, disregarded all protestations of In nocence, and making their arrangements without delay, at once commenced the search. The scene which followed Is said to been very lively and intensely amosinjr- Some of the females owned np at once, and brought ont laces, silks and snch other ar ticles oi lljiht wehrbt as had been stored away beneath the ample folds of their crin oline, In the depths of capacious side pock ets, and not nnfrequcntly from what at first appeared to be the most fruitlessly rounded busts. Others, *bowever, were quit© stub born, and had to be talked to rather plainly before they would disgorge. One of the number was so lady-like lo appearance that the officers, were about to let ber pass on shore at once, when something about her figure attracted suspicion, and she was politely requested to re turn to the cabin. Upon reaching her state room she burst Into tears, and acknowledged ihatshchad about ber persona lot of fine vaieociennes lace, ead several pieces of fino silk, which she, soon afterwards, ban led over to the officers. One ot the male pas sengers, though rather thin vlsaged, waspin usually rotund In person, had wound about him a large quantity of cashmere cloth, which necessitated Mm to be unrolled, after the style of the unrolling of mummies, be fore be could be reduced to his natural and legitimate size. Goods were lound stowed away In every imaginable place, and after the tranks and carpot-s*cks bad given np their contraband contents, the mattresses and pillows, being ripped open, displayed to view quite an assortment of those kinds of goods upon which the weirht of the tariff falls most heavily. False hair and waterfalls complete, and a lot of elegant wigs, were some of the articles which were discovered, hidden sway in this manner. The following memoranda approximates to the list of articles which were seised upon the Sorento, and which are now in the Cus tom House, waiting appraisement: pounds of hair, 47 wigs, 114 flannel shirts, o cashmere shawls, 20 pieces of French calico, made up loose, a lot of wig maker’s blocks, boxes of wig pins, 80 iaucy cravata, a lot of bovs’ fancy clothing, 50 yards of broadcloth, 74 yards of wide Valenciennes lace; 248 yards of narrow Valenciennes lace, 14 yards of green and plaid silk, 20 yards of blue cash mere, a lot of laocy vest patterns, sundrv dress patterns, pieces ot calico and linen, 10 hank? of sewing silk. 8 worked slipper tops, 8 dozen fine iaconet petticoat breadths. 1 dozen fine hemstitched handkerchiefs. 25 yards of dark bine cashmere, a lot of white and colored shirts, and grey woolen cloth, 2 i pieces of wide gam clastic bands, half dozen knives and forks. I Eight of the passengers were hair dressers, , which will account tor the hair, wies, wig j blocks, &c.. In the above list. These artists had a cabin to themselves, put np for the trip, between decks, about which most of their articles were stowed away. As an illustration of'what an enterprising female can attempt in this Hue, when she puts her whole mind to it, one “palpitating” contained a good-sized piece of silk. a piece of broadcloth, ten dozen socks, and a half dozen knives and forks I SUItBATT. A Canadian ci*lra* to hare Discovered Him—Want* the 950 } 000 Howard— Deported Conversation With Surratt* [From the Montreal Herald, December 6.j We have to thank one of our fellow-citizens or some interesting particulars relating to the discovery and arrest of this person. They are contained In a series of letters ad dressed to him by a relative, a gentleman some lime ago well known to him in Mon treal, but who gave up his engagement here, and, after servmg m the American ucmles, enlisted in the ranal Zouav-g. It appears that during his residence in the South he had become very intimate with the Su»ratt3. and, of coarse, was thoroughly acquainted nitb the person of the one who Is accused of complicity in the murder of Mr. Lincoln. He bad no sooner arrived In Italy than he saw him, and recognized him in another company ot the Papal troops. The first of the letter* which have been communicated to na merely speaks of the writer having bit upon something which was likely to be worth a great deal of money to him, without mentioning the nature of the discovery. The letter was written in April. Id July he wrote again, informing bis cor respondent here that he had discovered “ here. In Italy, John S. Surratt, one of the aetassms ol Lincoln, for whom you know a reward was offered 0ff50,000. I went to the Ambassador at Rome and told him ali I knew. He Immediately wrote to Mr. Sew ard in Washington for instructions, which were received three weeks ago. I made a declaration under oath of the facts I knew, which was sent to America, and now I ex pect to be sent in a few days to Washington to give my evidence.” Writiogagaln the Ist of October, the Zou ave gives some farther particulars, from which it appears that the representative of the American Government at Rome bad by that time received instructions from Wash ington, in consequence of which he sent his informant to see and converse with Surratt, fr* m whom be learned that the assassination of Mr. Lincoln was planned at Richmond, end with the assent ot Mr. Jefferson Davis. He made another deposition of these conver sations, which is no doubt by this time in the hands of the authorities at Washington. He is now on bis way to this country.- Of course these statements are given as they come to na. There is no doubt wc think that it was from the Information of the writer of the letters now In oar hands that Snrratt was detected, and arrested in the first instance—an arrest, from which It is known that he escaped, and thus gave occasion to bis subsequent capture at Alex andria. We rosy, however, add that we have al wavsbeen loath to believe that Mr. Davis bad anything to do with so foal a murder as that of the late President, and that with every reason to believe that the gentleman whose letters we have quoted has acted in good faith, it wonldseem not to be wise upon the short statements in a private letter to form a hasty judgment as to the precise value of the conversations fwhlch Surratt bad with him In Italy; nor without a fuller examina tion of the frets to condemn a gentleman who, whatever his political faults, has during a long life borne an Irreproachable private character- . , . It is somewhat remarkable that It was a Canadian in the American service who earned the reward for the capture of Booth, and that It is another Canadian who seems to have cn iiiled himself to that offered for the capture of Surratt. A SEW DEFARTSEST. Commissioner 801 l Ins to be Placed at tbe Head ofm Department of Inter nal Revenue. Tbe following is the tsxt of a very ingen ious and effective bill, which is shortly to be introduced In Congress by Speaker Colfax; DEPARTXKVT of INTERNAL BBVttN'l’g. Hon. Schuyler Colfax has prepared the following bill: v fiet it enacted. Ac. Sicnos 1. Ibat the present Commlmonw of Internal Revenue Is heteby constituted the terd of tbe Department of Internal Revenue, with (be title of commissioner of Internal Revenue, and shall bold bis office as soeb for the term of five jean from the passage of this act-nskss sooner removed by the President, oy and witn the ad vice of tbe Senate, or unless a vacancy therein shall be caused by death or resignation; pro vidiuc that during the recess of Congress tbe President mar, on charge of official malfeasance, ituwnd him from the dalles of his office mi a period not longer than thirty days after com ic o. cement ot the next session of the Senate, •nA appoint another temporarily is Its place. The President, shall. Insucb case, within teo days after the commencement ot said next session, tiring such charge and evidence noon which it was based betnre the Senate, and tf the Senate re fuses, after investigation, to consent to such suspension, tbe Commissioner shall, at the ex piration of said thirty days, resume his fonc tfoi.s. Any vacancy occurring In said office shall be filled on the nomination of the President, hr zed with tbe advice and consent of the Sen ate, for a term of five years, anl under the ecvdiUone and restrictions specified In this sec- Sic. 2, gild Commissioner is hereby authoris'd to ncmlnati*, and by and with the advice asd con tent ot the Senate, to appoint Assessors and Col lectors of internal Revenue, Assistant Assessors. Assistant Collectors, Revenue Inspectors and Revenue Ac-nts, to serve within the respective districts, os tbe same compensation and with the same duties now prescribed by law, asd with «he advice and coose-1 of (he geuate, to remove the same. But all removals and appointments made anting the recess of Congre** by the com mittee, shall, with th-; reason therefor, be laid betorethe Senate within tea days after the com mencement of their next session; and IT cot con firmed within thirty days mW commence inept, the officers removed will then resume thetf duties on filing new oonds to be •* now reoulred by law; a..d the Commhwooer lag point tbe cicrks in said & apartment. °°.* lag tbe number now authorwed by law innia All laws relative to collection of Inter nal revenue aod otficers charged with duUcs la connection therewith, not In conflict with this ST are berebv continued to force, and this law Sail go Into eked from and after its passage. oO Interests* [From the Erie (Pa.) Dispatch, December 3.J The buPdlog of immense tanks'to stow sway the surplusage of crude oil, instead of ore vug ii on on already over-stocked market, s a subject that has frequently occurred to the oil producers of Western Pennsylvania, though the absence of such tankage and tbe recessity of some combination so ss to make the production of oil a permanently paying Investment was never more felt than at pres ent. There is more oil produced at present than there ever was before, bat there Is no data to piove that the supply from the pres ent producing wells will be continuous. The arsons Maple Shade, Noble, and other wells that flowed upward of 1.000 barrels per day arts now unproductive, 800 barrels being the largest yield of any well now, but there are so many that produce but tittle and yet la paying quantities, with oil at a fair price, •that it is a pity it cannot be kept In tbe bauds of those who by their Industry are fairly entitled to the profits, until the pressure on tbe home and foreign supply of crude and refined is diminished. AS OTHER PETROLEUM CONFLA, ORATION. Infraction of the Aorth River on Wsrtbttodne Company’* Establish meni—Between aix Thousand and Seven Thoosand Burrelsof erode Pa. troleom Burned— IjossAboot $30,000. (From the New York Herald. Shortly after six o’clock Ij 3 i night a fire broke out In the extensive od house oq the NostU river at the foot ol Tweoty.firei Twenty-second streets, which entirely troyed the building and l»s contents, besides making serious inroads on an adjonmg lum ber yard. Ibe warehouse wag a brick structure, two hundred feet square, rising bat oae story above the ground, and roofed with slue. The building belonged to Barns, Hazleton & Co*, and was occupied during the summer by J. A. Bostwick a» so oii storehouse. Lat terly it has been used as tbe depot of the North Kiver Oil Warehousing Company (B. S| Brown A Song.) and at the time of tbe eon. flagratlon contained nearly seven thousand barrels of cmde oil, valued at $lO per barrel, approximating in the segregate $70,000. four oil cars lylug alongside of tbe building M were also destroyed. Three of these errs carried two fifty barrel tanks each. TLe fourth car had been loaded with about f «ty barrels of oil, which daring tbe afternoon were placed Inside of the building. The contents of three of tbe tanks bad also been barrelled and stored, while the remaining thn-e stood filled at tbe time of the fire. Tbe entire stock of oil, with the exception of one thousand barrels, belonged to D. Brown & Son. Olc thousand barrels belonged to Jot lab Mac s’a Sons. x rmn-pnooF butldixo. The warehouse was constructed with a view to tbe risk to which It would be subjected. Tbe fire commissioners had required tbe com- Eanj to build up the doors with brick to tbe eight of two feet above the'surface of the ground, to prevent a flood of burning oil spreading Into the streets in the event of a fire. Water pipes were introduced into the building in a manner that it was thought would enable a deluge to be poured la and effectually drown out any fire;and on the whole U was considered a fire-proof ware* house. origin or THE FIRE. The disaster is attributed to the bursting of an oil barrel, although this Is only con jecture. The first intimation of it was re ceived by Mr. W, D. B. Ulnman, the ft-remau of tbe establishment, in the following man ner; Mr- Ulnman has been in the habit of sleeping in tbe office, which was located in the northwest corner of tbe building. While In tbe act of preparing his sleeping ar rangements for the'night an explosion oc curred among tbe oil barrels, the conens slon throwing blm nearly across the room. A dense volume of smoke rushed la through tbe demolished partition, and Mr. Uinmsn was almost Sallocated before be could effect his escape. ABIZOSA. message of Governor JlcCornuck to the Legidatare. Richard C- McCormick, Governor of the Territory of Arizona, delivered, on the fith of October, his message to the third legisla tive Assembly of tbe Territory. From it tbe following paragraphs are taken: Tbe total Territorial ludebtcdness.as audited to this time, amounts to $21,031.41, and there is a balance of $249,50 In the treasury to the credit of the general fund. Of this in debtedness $15,590 is payade in /told, being tbe amount of bonds (and interest on tbe same to January 4, 1507,) Issued under tho act of tbe First Assembly, approved Novem ber 9, ISG4, and entitled “An act to provide for i be contingent expenses of the Territorial Government. THE UINES. Ifthere is less excitement over oar mining Interests there is more confidence In tocir exccVencc, and a rtrenglhened belief that their development will surprise the world. Ten quartz mills will have been erected in this county alone belore the ch»»e of the present year. Those already In operation afford a gratifying evidence of the value of the gold ores, and as the lodes arc sunk upon they show permanence and size. The appearance of Bulpburels and retractory elements at a certain depth may involve the necessity of more elaborate machinery, but no obstacle will, 1 thins, be sufficient to baf fle the enterprise ot out miners, who, depend ing more upon their own energtesand capital than upon help irom abroad, are determined to know n,o t>nch word as tail. The rare advantages ol wood, water and climate, are more than sufficient to offset the cost of living and the heavy expense of transporting machinery here, and I believe, as I have often asserted, that there arc few localities upon the Pacific Coast where quartz mining may be ao economically, agreeably and profitably pursued. The valleys of the Trfrilory, more exten sively cultivated this year than ever before, have produced in abundant harvest. The yield of corn, vegetables and small grain is such as to prove that henceforth we need not lo>k abroad for food ;and I make no doubttbat if assured their crepe will bo bought and promptly paid for. and they are properly protected from Indian incursions, our ranch men will, during the ensuing year, by the favor of Heaven, raise all the breadstuff* that may be required to subsist the military force in the Territory. ABTIETAM CEMETERY. Desecration of the Loyal Dead. [From the Hagerstown (Pa ) Herald and Torch, . D* cumber j.J The work of removing the remains of the loyal dead, scattered around the Anlietam, battle field, to the Cemetery, still continues. A few days ago, another photograph likeness was discovered with a body, the likeness of a beautiful woman; and another bottle was found, enclosing the name, etc., of the sol dier with which it was buried. Tho burial corps has met with assistance and kindness from the persons residing in the neighbor hood, on whose properties the bodies were buried, with but two exceptions*. One per son contended that there were none buried on bis place, bat the guides, and those who were present at the battle, knew better, and a large nnmbcr of bodies were dug up in Ills garden. He bad cultivated bis cabbages over the shallow graves of the stain, ana stoutly contended that there were none there t An other treated the members of the corps rather roughly, and asserted that none were buried on nis larm. But the contrary fact was known, and a nnmbcr of bodies were taken np from beneath a farm road that he baJ mode over the loyal dead \ Comment in these casus is unnecessary. Datin'? Burglary at JladUon, Wli. (From the Wisconsin State Journal. D-cember £.j The hardware store of Rarasay & Carap beT, at tbe southeast corner of the Capitol Park, was entered last night by some bar* glare, who took advantage of the dark and slot my night to ply their work with little danger oi discovery or Interruption, and car ried off poods to tbeantaantofSTOO or S3OO. The burglars entered tbe store from below, taking oat a large light of glass from a door on tbe south side of tbe basement story of tbe building, ailerwhicb they tried to get into the store through tbe door at the bead of the stairway, colling the rope which held the weight swinging the door shat. Finolog it locked, however, they succeeded In effect ing entrance through a hatchway, the door of which was not secured. They were evidently provided with a light, and did their work systematically and with out auv great baste. From the show ease and the shelves they carefully selected, with an experienced eye, the beat table, pocket and fancy cutlery In tbe. store, Including some handsome goods procured particularly for tbe holiday trade, confining their thefts of table knives and forks to white handled goeds, and taking also some choice articles of silver plated ware. Where the goods were in boxes, those were left behind m or der to admit of more compact pocking, enough having been taken to nil two or three good sized satchels or valises,making a pretty heavy load of plunder. The boxes and cheaper articles taken down, with a box containing a paper collar or two and a box of pomade, were left on the counter, which was found in‘confusion when the store was opened this morning. Tbe total value of the goods stolen Is nearly SBOO. Frtfdmnt’s School* In Tennessee. (Freni the Nashville Republican and Banner, De cember 7.1 Through the courtesy of Rev.D. Burt, Su perintendent of Freedmtn’s Schools for this we are crahled to furnish the following figures from the reports for the month of November, and show ihe exact stains of ed ucation among the freedmea of Tennessee: Total number of schools.... 9# Dai school? .. .......... 73 NJaht seboo’s . 13 Total number ofbtchere.... 119 White teachers .............. 73 Colored teachers 40 Total number of scholars sc Number over sixteen years of age 1*963 Number free before the war. IST DaPy average attendance 4,138 Number of scholars pursuing the following branches of studies: A1phabet......... 1,08 Spdt and read easy lessons.... tSt9 Adrai.ced readeis 2JS3S Arithmetic. Lfflft Geocrsoby. 1,000 English Grammar. Stß Writing. Total amount of tnltlon paid, sj<-LOa by 1,220 scholars: Number of school buHdmga owned by freedmen . —• *5 Nr rater cf bnfldmpi tarnished t.y Bureau 2U Amo uni of transportation of teachers by Bureau..... $500.25 Total expense of conducang 5ch0015....53£17.60 Two thousand eight hundred and forty four of the above scholars attend the schools In Nashville. Tlae Atlantic XatM ttaee. The followingarticles and sailing direc tions are to govern the great Atlantic yacht race between the three vessels— the Henri etta, Vesta and Fleet wing—which will start from Sandy Hook far the marine light on the west of the Isle of Cbsnnel, (play or pay,) at one o'clock p. m., on Tuesday, the lltb instant: New Tobk, Octobers?, 1385. Ceorve and Frark Osgood bet Pierre I-orfllard, Jr., and others* thirty thoesasd dollars (130.000) that tLe FleelKlng can beat the Vesta to the Nee dles. on tbe coast of England. The yachts to stall Irom Sandy Hook on tbe second fid) fnss dsy in December, tod to sail according? to tbe roles of the New York Yacht Club, weiring the aliowti.ee of time. The sails to be carried are , rsalcsaP, foresail. Jib. flying lib. Jib topsail, tore mt,d main cad top*a Is, main topmast staysails, storm Marsails and rrisails. 'lie yacht Henrietta enters Che shore nee by payinc ‘hirty thonrand dollars (fIO.OOOV, snbserlp ilon by member* ol the New York Yacht Ctnb. Any minor points not embraced In the above. that' cjnrol be seitled by Messrs. Osgood, LorClard snd Bennett, shall he decided ss follows: .Each shall choose an empire, and tbe umpires chosen, in case of disagreement, to choose two <2) other* ; twenty per cent or the money to be deposited with Mr. leonard W. Jerome on .Sa*amay, the third of November, balance to be deposited on the first (Ist) Toesday ot December—play or p»y. We the nndtrsigned agree severally to tbe matter. J. G. BENNETf.Ja. FRASRJ.IN OSGOOD, GEORGE A. OSGOOD. P. LOHUAARD, Jxu (Witness) 11. 3. Fucnc, ti. Tatxob, E5“An exchange -paper says: “Mr. Mor rissey visited tbe Capitol a few days since, and on noticing the Speaker's desk inquired whether that was ‘where the referee aatP'*