Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 12, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 12, 1866 Page 2
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(Elftcaga Cnbtmc. DAILY, TRI-TTEEKLY AND W EEKLT. ! OFFICE. No. A 1 CLAKK-ST. There arc three editions of the Triucsrs Issued. Jit. for circulation by earners. newsmen asc the malls. 2d. The Txa-W*m,T, Mondays, Wed ccsd&pt sod Fridays, for the aalU only; aod the Wuxlt, oa Thendaya, for the malic mud tale at oar coulter *adlfT ae«*n>es- , Terms sf tbe Chtesgo Trlbsae pally ociirerrd in the aty tow weety 8 5} •* *•••*• (per floortrr).... 3.33 Piffy. to man nhscrlbro (per annum. p«f»- . . „ n hie In advance) l‘AOn TM-W>e*ijr. (per at turn. parahlc in adranrO tf.OO Weekly, (per annum.pafab e loadrance) Z.VO tsr~ Fractional parti of the year at the earns rates, pr PmtiLe rcmlttlac and oruenn* five or more copie* of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly-editions, may retain ten per cent of the (uhscrlpuoa price at a commission. horiti to sm«cttntEt.— ln ordering the addms ot y.<ur papers chanced, to prevent delay, be sure and spertO » hat edition yon take—Weekly. Tri-Weekly, or l>aily. Aho. oreyoarpxzsxxTandfaiare address. IT” Money, by Draft, Express, Money orders, orln UcgUtrtvdLeacrs, may beaeatatoor risk. Address, TitlllUXE CO., Chicago, 111. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, IS6O. nESttUN ASSOCIATED PBKSS. The Western Associated Press, consisting of journals published In Chicago, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Milwaukee, Detroit,Toledo, Cleve. land, Pittsburgh, Wheeling, Louisville, In dianapolU ami Springfield, hold a special meeting in this city to-day. The recent ac tion of the Association la declaring Us Inde jtcndtncc of the New York monopoly, and taking control of Us own affaire, boa ren dered a meeting at ibis lime necessary. A number of members have already arrived, together with representatives from cities which Luve not yet joined the Association. Thu question of chief interest to be decided lu the meeting Is whether the journals ofthe smaller cities will allow those of the larger cities to pay three-fourths of their bills for telegraph news, as heretofore, or whether they, (the smaller ones,) will secede, and pay the whole of their own expenses themselves, leaving the larger ones to expend their own money fi.r their own benefit. So Hir as we are convefhed we do not care a button whether Dayton adheres to Cincinnati, or Indianapolis to St. Lonis, or Toledo to Chi cago, or Wheeling to I’iUebugh. Wishing to avoid the very appearance of evil, we would extend to the journals of these smaller cities* the gratuities that they have always received from us, but if they are not satisfied with this—if they think they see treason, stratagem and spoils io an act of perfect fair ness ami good faith—they can go their way, :md God speed them. As we arc advised, the journals of the smaller towns reason in this wife: “We see nothing unfair in this action “ ot Messrs. Halstead and White, hut as they “ reprcccnt ‘journals of the largest doss, “ there must be something hidden, aomc “ thine underhanded, something .pernicious “ and ruinous to us. The Interests of large “ and wealthy Journals are opposed to those of the smaller ones. We cannot put our “ finger on anything wrong in the arrange “ ment, but it must be there somewhere.” All ti at we have lo ray is, that we cannot Eland forever prating al>out purity of motives and rectitude of intentions. Messrs. Halstead and White went to New York against their own inclinations. They put themselves to inconvenience, and gave their time and money, in an effort to discharge a fiduciary trust honorably lo themselves and satisfac torily to their constituents. The work which they had to do was hedged about wltb dif ficulties, growing out of the fact that Loth email and large papers were represent ed in the Association. The large papers coaid nut get what they wanted, because tbe interests of the small ones were to be looked after as well. After examining the subject In every possible light—after conferring with they concluded to adopt existing arrange ments, aa to the transmission of reports, viz*n afternoon report for evening papers, of the sstno proportionate length as herdoiorc, a regular night re port of 2.03 J words for all morning papers, large and small, and a special or midnight report of I.nOJtu 2,000 words for ali newspapers that choose to take it the esin-iw oi the regular report to be appor tioned, not according to the'eostof trans mission, but according to the ability of the paper to pay, and the expense of the mid night report to be apportioned according to its actual cost. This is as plala as a pike staff. It will bear the test of Judicial inqui ry, or of public opinion. If anybody wants to quarrel about it, he cannot quarrel with ns. We should be glad to employ all our resources for the improvement of our own telegraph news columns. We have grown, however. Into the practice of paying for our own despatches and those of half a dozen small towns In addition. We are willing to continue the practice for the sake of good neighborhood, but If onr good noigibors of Toledo, Indianapolis, Dayton, eic., think they cm do better fur themselves, we as sure them they can also do belter for us. We have not touched upon the action ot tbe Executive Committee In separating from tbe New York mouoi>oly. The Committee were authorized to take tbe action which they did, aud so liras its ratification was necessary It has already been ratified.' The power* of the Association are lodged in the Board of Directors, who are authorized, whenever they deem it necessary, to con vey their own powers to lb-; Executive Com mittee. winch they did at the Cincinnati meeting, outlie IPth ultimo. If any mem ber of the Association desires to overturn that aetiuu, a motion to that effect will be In ord'.-r. M-.NV.TOII CHANDLERS INFLA TION BILL. The ament muni to tbe Currency Act, in troduced in the Senate last w.-ek, by Mr. Ccamller, of Michigan, aud made the special order for the third Tuesday In December, cts; “That *cctlon twenty-two of the net to which this is an amendment la hereby so am *cd*<] as to au'borfre she issue of tIOU,Oja,;.CU of notes for elf eolation, in addition to the £rjj,oUo,('#j p.-arldr-d for in tald section twcut}-two, and Mat (be addi tional SiLO.OiXl.yflO shall be second In all respects and under the injunctions and provl-ioui of the act le-c!>T araenfled; i ro-ided, Uut cot mor* than*:,;m,at) of the s«*',«)'or additional notes So.- crcnlstlon shall be ixGted or delivered to thlls hr the Comptroller of the Currency with iu s.r ninths from the patsa.-i of ibis act, and ti at ffircHcr cot more than fi.'Cd.ouo of notes lor pirrr.istlun shall be issued dnrlaa uorooe u-'-nth.** J M greatly surprised to find Senator Chandler, of Michigan, proposing an inflation scheme of this discription. It is very cer tain that the people of Michigan do not en durte tLl* project, but, ou the- contrary, wil ttcr.Uy . ppese it. Members of Congress who hove any doubts U' to the proper course to pursnc,may fee nssured that their constituents will consent to no Author expansion of thecnrrcncy, un lc's it K* In the shape of greenbacks. If it were expedient to cause one hundred mil lions cf banknotes to be withdrawn from circulation, the people would vote by a ma jority twenty to one for the measure, and to till iheir place with greenbacks. If it could he done without serious injury to the finances and commerce of the country, the t eople trould ViHc by a majority of mUUon « in favor of substituting $300,033,030 of green backs lor thf $500,000,009 of bank notes in circulation. They have more faith in Uncle Sam's currency than in any other money, except cold and silver.’ Mr. Chandler’s amendment to the currency act, stripped of disguises and reduced to plain English, is a proposition for the Gov tremcul to make a present of $103,033,033 of money to those engaged lu banking, with the special privilege attached thereto that the recipients may loan the money at ten per cent and pocket the profits. The only ground on which Senator Chand ler's hundred million 'preposition can be justified is, that there is an insufficiency of currency t a do the business of the country. If this be the f«et, then it is the duty of Con gress to idieve that want by an issue of legal tenders, and with the proceeds thereof, to buy up compound notes or. seven-thirty bond*, and stop the interest on the same. However generous and liberal the Senator may I>e with the money of his constituents, we can assure him that tbs. financial condi tion of the coantry docs not justify a new gift of a hundred millions to the banks and bankers of the country- Nor are they-in | any distress for want of this largess. They arc doing very well and ought to be quite i content with the special privileges which | they now enjoy. | There falls due next June a large hatch of compound legal tenders, with three years | compound Interest on them. A few months later another batch will fall due and iu the course of a year the whole hundred and fifty millions outstanding will be matured and ready for redemption. They are drawing something more than than ten millions of Interest per annum, and are chiefly held by the banks as reserve funds for the redemp tion of their notes. If Senator Chandler would withdraw his 111-advised bill for ac. Increase of $103,000,000 of bank notes, and introduce a substitute bill, authorizing and instructing the Secre tary of tbe Treasury to issoc $150,030,000 of greenbacks, with which to take up the com pound notes, and thereby relieve tbe over burdened tax-payers of ten millions of Inter est, wo can assure him of the hearty endorse ment of the people of the West. This measure, while it would caned $150,000,030 of obligations drawing nearly seven per cent interest, will not Inflate the currency, be cause it will simply be replsclng interest bearing notes with noo-iuterest notes. If it be objected that the new Issue of greenbacks would pass into more active circulation than tbe compounds, we reply, so much the better lor business; and if there Is room and need for Chandler’s $100,000,000 of additional bank notes, there Is cqncl room and need for the same amount of non-interest bearing legal tender*. But In point of fret. most of these greenbacks would be locked up in tbe vaults of the banks as. their reserve funds, and tbe taxpayers would save the interest now paid on the compounds which the legal tenders would substitute. If Mr. Chandler cannot cce this his constituents can. When the National Banks were chartered, lo ISC3, the people were partially reconciled to the provision ofthe act allowing them to issue $300,000,000 of notes by these consider** Jons; First, that they would drive out and substitute the heterogeneous* miscellaneous, red-dog and w lid-cat trash ©fall kinds, called “Slate bank notes.” Second. That as there were $250,000,000 of these “Slate bank” shlnplastcr issues before the war, to replace them with $300,000,000 of uniform, well secured National Bonk' notes would not have the effect of • materially increasing hank note issues. Third, It was promised that as fast as National Bank notes were Issued, State Bank ehinplasters should be forced out of circulation, by means of un friendly legislation, which pledge was In differently well kept. Fourth, That the Government needed, and mutt have, 'the powerful aid ofthe National Banks, and the capitalists they would influence lo “ place ” its bonds. Without their help Mr. Chase and the wisest heads believed that it would be Impossible to borrow the vast sums of money required to put down the rebellion. The “State Banks” it was found, could be depended on to do little or nothing In this behalf. Fifth, By basing the issues of the National Banks on Federal bonds, - the Government secured a loan from them in tbe day of its sorest need, amounting to two hundred millions of dollars ; and at ihc same time made it the pecuniary interest of the National Banks to uphold and defend the credit of the Government, and to procure subscribers for Its bonds. Lastly. That the people would be forever rid of the curse of the heterogeneous banks doing business on as many different kinds of security, and regulated by as many different laws as there were States and Territories In the Union. And in lieu ol this foul and swindling brood of “ wild cat,” “icd dog,” “blue ,pup,” and generous confidence shlnplastera, which would .not pass current beyond tbe limits of the Slates In which they were issued, and usually at a shave therein, the people would obUlu a uni form system of bank circulation secured by the public debt of the nation, equally cur rent in all portions of our wide Union, and under the regulation and control ol Con gress. Taken together, these reasons sufficed for the establishment of the. National Banking system. But not one of them bolds good iiow, to Justify Senator Chandler in urging his hundred million bank'expansion scheme on Congress. The Government Is no longer in peril, as the rebellion is crushed. It is pajiug its debts, instead of adding to them. Thu sblupiaster bunks are. all wiped out, and the National Bants alrca dy have fifty, or sixty millions more cur rency afloat than bad the banks which they have displaced. If they ore allowed to re tain it they should be therewith contest. And if the country can stand another dollar uf currency without inflating values, let the Government issue it and not the banks. The l>cuplc are extremely anxious for a reduc tion of interest on the National debt. They are nor paying $78,000,(XX) of gold iuteresi, #i>l,ooo.(XX) of currency ou the 7-30 a, and slU,ooo,oooon the compounds, making a total of£l&*,00,000. And we can assure members ofCongrcss that they are utterly opposed both to takiug a hundred millions out of their pockets and bestowing it on the banks, and to funding $400,000,000 of greenbacks lu lu gold interest bonds, thereby adding i24,(X.*3,000 to tbe Interest on the National debt, which Secretary McCulloch is doing as last as he can. He may think the people are too stupid to understand the matter, but be is mistaken if ho Mr. Chandler is 'ttSy «'iii »Sl understand his' inflate the hank note eeS? $100,000,000, or any other sum. * TJIE APPOINTING POWER. The President's appointing power has I ceased to be tbe mighty engine in politics !. that It once was; the official patronage of r the Government is quite Insufficient to In- ] licence the result of an election in which I principles ore Involved. It amounts to com- I paratlvely little as an element of party I strength in the North. UoringUic late cam-! palgu the President used to the uttermost j the terrors of bis official guillotine,and bought up a mean-spirited Republican wherever . he had a post office or a clerkship to give in exchange fur a very poor soul. At St. Louis he publicly announced bis determination to “ hick out” every office-holder who should deny the faith of A. J. Bnl the people moulted at him. The great body of North ern men, independent and prosperous, If not wealthy, eared no more for his offices than they uid lor the empty bottles that he and ilogau might have thrown to them from the royal car in which he swung around the clr clc. They derided bis menaces of decapua* UtOJ; they let him divide his bread and batter among the hungry renegades and ravenous Copperheads; and when the day of election came, they made It a day ofrciri -1 but ion for Andrew Johnson, and voted him down by a majority rather increased than di miiu.-bcd by Lib gross abuse of tbe appoint ing power. The victory of the great loyal party of the country derives additional lus trv'ftani these notable circumstances under which it was achieved. History will stamp it as a pure victory of j riuclples. The free motet the NurtU have shown that, at the least, they have no price which the Govern men; cuu atloid to pay. That Andrew Johnson has abused the ap pointing power iu a most disgraceful and In famous manner Is certain. But he has gained nothing by it except the contempt of his countrymen. The Republicans, us n party, have lost nothing by iu Individual oases cl hardship have doubtless occurred, aud no one can deny the intamy of which this accidental President was guilty, when he inaugniutcd the vindictive aud treacher ous policy of removing Abiqham Lincoln’s appoints s, who belonged to the ve.y party Hint elected him, simply because they re mained true to Us principles, while > he sought to betray them to ' their enemies. Nevertheless, for Congress ! to 'interfere with his animating power, I would, in our Judgment, be a measure of at I least doubtful expediency. The I’rcoidcnl is :caDy * helpless, and can be no more of.i President titan Congress chouses to let him be. - The battle was not against Andrew Johnson as a mao, but (he Issue was whether the country should be preset ved, aud loxat men wield Hie power of Government. Let Congress establish loyal Government;? In the Buulh—Governments that shall give ample protection to the loyal population, black and .•■ bile, and it will have carried out th • great thought of the people expressed at thi ballot-box in October and November. But whenever it goes into a squabble for the polls of uiDee, while it may inflict juft rctri notion on the*, unworthy head of an apostate President, It will, nevertheless, go outside of any declared opinion uf the people, and, In our judgment, imperil tbe hold it now has upon the popular mind as the champion of luraiiv against perfidy and corruption. Tbe country wants a proper settlement of tbe question of icconstrnction ; but anything like vindictive legislation will weaken (Lc party. THE DEAD LOCS. In determining the conditions on which the ret cl States may be restored to their old . places in the Union, li Is a question, bow 'much voiec In controlling this decision should be granted to these States. If these conditions arc to be in the nature of restric tions or disqualifications; if they are de signed to lessen any. of the political preroga tives or powers of these States, it is doubt ful whether there is any good sense In pro posing that they shall.assent to weaken their own strength and to lessee their own privileges and rights. The guarantees es sential to Its future safety, which the nation must demand, consist, necessarily. In depriving the .rebel States of certain powers, and Imposing upon them certain disabilities, as they claim, and It wonld be reasonable to ask, whether it Is probable that the co-operation of-.these Stales will be given to carry ont measures designed to deprive them of their asserted rights, and in many important re spects to weaken, if not to hnmlliatc them. No section and no State willingly parts with power, and to ask a State to surrender any “of its prerogatives or privileges, nniojm to superior and overmastering force, is some thing new in history. States, as far as we have heard, always bold on to sneh power as they have, and part with no particle of it rave to superior might. And Is it not some what absurd to expect that these rebel States will in this matter turn over a new page in human affairs, by consenting to their own subjection, as they believe, and by assisting In lessening tbcirown privileges ? Is not the present position of affairs at least anomalous, if we may not say propostcrons, and is there any possibility that wc can make mneb pro gress towards restoration so long as Us con ditions are left to the approval or adoption of these rebel States? Shall we not be obliged to admit before long that this appeal to the rebel South to accept and ratify terms of reconstruction which they detest and abhor, is both a hopeless and a useless task ? It is not possible that any terms of restor ation can be found that will be satisfactory to both the loyal and the disloyal people of the country. Any terms which the Union party may deem sufficient and safe ore sore to be rejected by the rebel Stales, just so long as they are allowed to express their opinions folly and freely. It is not In the nature of things that this should be otherwise. Men will not, so long as they arc left free to act, disfranchise themselves; so long as they can prevent U they will not part with power. Tbe rebel States may consent lo one plan of restoration, or one set of terms and condi tions in pMcrencc to another, but solely because in their minds there is a choice of evils. If they must choose between two or more plans then perhaps they may ; but if they were entirely free to act they would choose neither, and reject all. Or, in other words, any plan of reconstruction which will be satisfactory to the loyal North, must be Imposed upon the rebel States. It. Is not in the least reasonable to suppose that the rebellious section will ever come to any agreement of their own free will with the Union party as to conditions of rcadmlssion. No conditions which will be safe and satis factory to Union men will ever be accepted! by the South. Those conditions will have to be preset Ibed by tbe Union party, and the South will have to be made to yield obedi ence by superior power. It Is tbe boast of Copperheads now that parties arc at a deafly lock on this question, and it'teems tons dear that they most remain at a dead lock just so longus the Union .party wait for the South to give In their adhesion to Its plan of restoration. It la simple folly to he' thus waiting on those rebel States, and it Is high time that this fooling rfhonld qnd. We see no chance that rebels and loyal men will ever a£ree on terms of restoration. Is there a man of ordinary sense who believes that any terms, securing tbe future peace and safety of the country, can be devised, which will he acceptable to the rebels. If they are entirely free in their action respecting them? We do not believe it possible. Hence if the restoration is to take place, it most be done by the Union party prescribing- and enforc ing upon the South such conditions as it deems' essential to the safety and welfare of the country. The sooner this fact Is recog nized and acted upon the better for both North and South. The rebel element.and the loyal element'will never aaree on this subject. In the nature of things they never can. Shall the country be left to all tbe evils of such a dead lock; or shall the loyal' people pot an end to It, by-Commanding these rebel States to Ukc their places again in the Union, prescribing to them their duties, and seeing to it that they perform them? Shall loyal men or rebels rule? TOE FOEEIUN RELATIONS OF ■ ENGLIM). lln an article on Hie duty of the British Ministry, JilackwxxT* Magazine for Novem ber, after asserting that the foreign relations of England are in an uncomfortable, not to say critical situation, remarks: “We bare not one cordial friend or ally in the world.” This is a mournful and startling confession for a gentleman of John Bull's age to'makc, yet it Is strictly true. No one has enjoyed such opportunities as he; no one Las so systematically sacrificed them to a policy of blind and stupid selfishness. If the British Govern ment were menaced with some great humili ation to-day, there Is not another Govern ment in the world capable of doing her any good, that would extend a particle of real sympathy. The writer In JStodtwood points out the unfriendly feeling of the various Governments towards England, and the causes therelor. Russia can never forgive her fi r the Crimean war, and has transferred her affections to the United States. Austria, even if she were again to become powerful as she once was, would never forgive England for encouraging her Italian subjects in their rebellion in IS4S, or for her more than co quetting with Kossuth, when the Hungarians wei e fighting for Independence, The Italian people entertain no sentiment of regard, far less of gratitude, fora power which, in the hoar of their need, gave what It called moral support, but would not furnish a man nor a guinea to help them out of their difficulties. £\utru'!nbd can neither help England, ner cun England help Switzerland, be the en.eigency whut U may on either side. “fiunoany, on the other Imnd, from the Danube to the Vistula, detests and despises England.” The “ parent stock from which her own royui house springs, is cat down, and no man re gards It. Prussia absorbs several smaller States, with the royal blood of which Eng land’s is intimately blended, and England docs not venture in so much as a remou fiti—,cc.” As Vur Fiance, the writer Is deat hly of •piaiou that there Is no cordial .friendship i«> he looked for In that quarter, and t»fcrs to the fact that In the Emperor’s recent circular, the interests of all the nations of Europe are considered, “with,one rather remarkable exception, England, of whom, from first to last, not the slightest notice Is taken.” ‘‘Belgium, Holland, the small Northern powers, and the two nations of the Spanish Peninsula, may. be friendly, but they are scarcely sources of strength.” The writer discusses, at considerable length, the relations of Great Britain with the United Slates. The case ot the Ala bama be admits to be "a very awkward one. “We might-have prevented her going to sea,” he thys, “Lad we either dispensed'a little with the technicalities of our own munici pal law, or hud the American Minister at the Court of London been .more prompt In supplying the nccese-ary evidence; and we certainly should have stopped her but for the nnrortnnatc illness of the Queen’s Advo cate. The documents handed over to him for examination, and unfortunately not ex amined for several days, are proved to have contained all the testimony that was re quired in order to justify the detention of the ship. The delay of these da% whs taken advantage of by the commander of the Ala bama. and she put to sea unchallenged by the custom house officers. All the world knows the results. She preyed like a hawk on American commerce, she balllcd every at tempt of American cruisers to catch her, and wa> sank et last In a ra»h action with an American man-of-war, more heavily arm ed and as wc'l commanded os her-, self.’? The wriler is of opinion that the question of our claims against England for the mischief done by the Alabama, may properly be re-opened by the Government, and that It should be regarded rather as a case in equity than a mere difference about points of law. By all means," he says, “let a com mission Investigate and report - ; but a final reference to the only coart capable of de ciding be.ween the high litigant parties, would on our pari be an act of grace, by which we should gainiu prestige infinitely niorelhan wo mlght'losc In hard cash, or other material compensation, the award going against us.” It is evident that the aristoeiatlc party of England begin to sue aodregret their great blunder, in Inviting the hostility of this country, by taking sides with the rebellion, and carrying their hos tility to such an extent that the neutrality of the Government itself became seriously compromised. It is certain lliat In looking over the subject 01 his fore’gn relations, John Bull must feel not a tittle nervous when be reflects ioat in no emergency can be count on the good oOiecs or sympathy of the Great Republic, until by some conspicu ous act of reparation, he shall have allayed the just indignation of the Americans, awakened by his former perfidy. It is not unlikely that this nervousness will, in crease' on the old gentleman, until be concludes .that the cheapest and best thing be can do Is to pay up at once for all the damages done by the Alabama. It would seem, in any event, that England Is poorly prepared for a foreign war. The writer, from whom we have be fore quoted, states that there is not a single gun mounted on the works which protect the is’and and harbor ot Malta, that “could make any 'lmpression npon the sides of a good Iron-clad frigate, whether she be m tur ret or* broadside shipand be asks what Is to prevent the Americans from fastening a quarrel up«n England, sweeping down upon Malta before England Is aware, and wresting it from her hands- Gibraltar itself is represented as being almost equally defenceless. The conclusion drawn from this state of things Is. that it is the doty of the* British Ministry to Ignore the Reform ques tion. IVe think the proper conclnsion would be directly the reverse of this. Since Great Britain has neither a friend nor an ally abroad, let her do Justice to her own people, and make herself strong at home. Lei her do justice to Ireland, and establish manhood suffrage throughout the Empire, and she will have much less cause than now to look with anxiety on her foreign relations. ♦ BECTBU, The New York Tribune has a great deal to say about the oppressiveness of the Renter system in England. Mr. Renter has a mo nopoly of the telegraph news furnished to the English press, and the New York Tribune fears that Mr. Craig will establish hlmselfas a Reuter In this country! The fact is that the New York Associated Press are, or rather have been, the Renter of this country, and they desire to continue to he. Boater means monopoly. The six newspapers of New York mean monopoly. We should have said the t\m newspapers, for the Sun, JCrpntt and Journal of Com mem amount to nothing, either singly or collectively. It was for the main purpose of destroying Rentcrtom, and establishing inde pendence and competition that the Execu tive Committee of the Western Associated Press decided to set up for themselves. There ean be no Renter in this country where there to competition. There will cer tainly be one without It. We understand that a representative of Rentcrtom will be here to-day, having trav elled all the way from New York to invite the Western newspapers to “ walk into his pa -lor.” We trust that all communications between him and tho Western Associated Press will be in writing. The only difficulty that has existed since the visit of the West ern Press Committee to New York has pro ceeded from the falsehoods of the New York Reuters, who charged that the committee from the West had endeavored to make terms exclusively for Chicago, Cincinnati, and St. Louis, which was a point blank an. truth. THOUGHTS 05 HISTORY, IL Sayings of Great Deo. In a former article we made some remarks on the general credlbllityof history,showing the misrepresentation to which events and transactions are liable when reported either by the persona concerned, or by those who write afterwards from original authorities. No points of history are more impressive than the molt, or striking expressions, which have dropped from the mouths of great meu on memorable occasions. These, being brief and to pungent as to stick like burrs in the memory, one might suppose to have been accurately caught and reported by history. Yet not one In of these famous sayings was probably ever uttered by the men with whose names they arc labelled. So long as the star-spangled banner con tinues to wave, and. bcrol&m to be admired, American? will continue to believe that Gen eral Taylor, at_ the crisis of Buena Vista, called out: “ A little more grape. Captain Bragg I” And equally Impossible will It be to make them disbelieve that General Jack son fought at New Orleans behind breast works of cotton. Yet Captain Bragg asserts that the. “little 'more grape," like tbe schoolboy’s whistle, produced Itself—in other words, is a poetic fiction; and “Old Hickory” always denied the cotton bale story, which certainly rather detracts from, tLan aods to, his glory. The only founda tion for it was the fact that a few bales of cotton goods were flung into the breastwork, forming but an insignificant part of the ma terial. Again, how often do our political orators round a period with the famous cry of the British at the same battle of New Or leans, viz; “Beauty and booty,” though It has been declared by every surviving British officer of that battle to be a fiction. Perhaps no hero of ancient or modern times has been credited with so many grand and even sublime utterances which be never uttered, as Lord Nelson, lu Southey's admirable life of the hero, it is related that when going Into the battle of the Nile, Cap tain Berry, Nelson's second In command, was told the plan and its piobable results, and exclaimed with transport, “if we succeed, what will the world say ?” “There is no if In the case,” replied Nelson, “ that we shall succeed la certain. Who may live to tell tbe story is a very different question.” Mr. Massey quotes the story in his history of the reign of George IV., and adds, “We are assured, on the authority of Captain Berry himself, that no such scene took place.” Again, who Las not admired t!£ simple majesty of the sentiment expressed In tbe order of Nelson at Trafalgar, which has been so often tbe battle-cry of Britannia’s sons on land and sea: “ England expects every man to do Lis duty ?” Yet the real order was, “ Arison expects every man to do his duty,” for which tbe former was ingeniously substituted by the officer whose business It was to telegraph the order to the fleet, simply because he could find no flag by which to telegraph the word Nelson. Once more—whose soul has not been thrilled by the sublime sentiment of the reply with which the same hero Is said to have silenced the affectionate Importunities of his officers, when they entreated him to conceal tbe flare on bis breast at Trafalgar: “In honor I gained them, and in honor I will die with them!” History has recorded few nobler sentiments, than which Tacitus could not hare put a finer into the mouth of Agricola. But its merit is purely imaginative. The facts ate, as Dr. ArnoW gathered them from tfir Thomas Hardy, that Nelson wore on the day of the battle the same coat which he ha d worn for weeks, having the Order of the Bath embroidered upon it; and when bis iri. tuio expressed some feats regarding the danger, Nelson answered that he was aware of the danger, but that it was “ too lab: then to shift a coat.” “Up. guards, and at ’em!” mca will al wa) £ believe to have been tUt exclamation of Wellington, while they feel uu Interest lu tbe story of Waterloo, la spite of the Duke’s protest that he uttered no sach nonsense; and Just as implicitly will they beilevc the tallying statement, that the Imperial Guards uttered the bravado, “ La garde meurt , ft ne *« ratdepael” which is purely a myth, albeit so dramatically introduced by Victor Hugo in his picture of the battle In Let J Recrabltt, and inscribed, too, on tfaemonamcat at Nan tes. The hut bombastic phrase was a pare invention of a French journalist two days after the battle. A less memorable French <«of Is the cry of Philip of Valois,' when, fly ing from the battle of Crecy, he arrived before the closed gates of the Castle of Drayc, and exclaimed: ** Otrwez, ourrer, c’sji t la fortune de la France /” *»■'"“ ... fortunes of Frauce.l turning to Froissart, the origiual author of the anecdote, we find—what ? Instead of the fine sentiment Just quoted, by which the King embodies in himself the stricken for tunes of bis country—only tbe time cxcla ruatlou, “ OuvrOy ourra, c'at Vinfortune Mol df la France .” (Open, open ; ’Us the unfor tunate King of France.) Will any one who knows the Intensity of a Frenchman's love for “effects,” be surprised to learn that Chateaubriand, having mlsrelated thisstorv iujiis History of France, refused, on,being informed of his error, to correct Ilf Or Is U strange that, with the same noble scorn for strict ace&racy, and exclusive regard for aitislic effect, Voltaire, on being asked where he tound a certain startling tact, re plied, “It is a frolic of my ImaginaUon !” l or three centuries historians have delighted t<» repeat the heroic sentiment expressed by i-rancls 1. when writing to his mother from :he battle field of Pavla: “All is lost bat honor ” But how runs the real letter which : lie King wrote on the occasion, and which .as been preserved? Instead of the pithy, cpigratuutic communication, as terse as a telegram, which Frauds is said to bave’de spatehed from tbe battle-field, and which so electrifies the reader as the grand outburst •>f a spirit In sudden adversity, it turns <ut that the ficcch monarch wrote Is prison, by permission, a long letter, in which, after describing the battle, he saya prosaically; “ With regard to the remaining details ot my mis fortune, honor and life, which H safe, are all lbs 4 arc left to tne,*’ &c., 4c. Hardly lew diluted in the original is the i-entcniious despatch Henry IV. Is said to have wr.Uen to one of bis noblea after the battle of- Ar ques: “Hang thysclt, brave Crillon; we Imre fongh*, and thou wert not there!** When we have learned, too, that “ Hang thyself 1” was a hackneyed expression of Henry’s repealed on the most trivial occa friont*, the met sinks into the veriest common* place. What Is more hackneyed than the saying attributed to Demosthenes that “action, ac- tion, action!” that la, gesticulation, is the one thing most needfol to an orator? The Kurd he used, which Is translated “action,” U<Wnm«, the true signification of which U agitation, motion, anything of a stirring character. Not cction, but emotion, which, iike mnrder, “will out,” if deeply felt, was what Demosthenes held to be so vitally es sential—agreeing herein with the well-known maxim of Horace, that ** if yon wish me to weep, yon must first weep yourself.” Again, how often has Cicero been qnoted as having'eaid, “I wonld rather err with Plato than bold the truth with these philos ophers.” The real sentiment of Cicero, “ ZV. rore mtberrule mah rum Piniont * • • quasi rum istis vera tailin' 1 ’ —which has been so often applauded by some, and by others denounced as an Instance of exce*sivn and almost idolatrous reverence for a giant Intel lect—occurs In tbe'“Tuscn!an Questions;” aud it is only by the grossest perversion of the language that It can he construed into such an expression of a humiliating tjmrral submission to the authority of Plato ss it Is s' pposed to contain. The immediate point under discussion, as Prof. Marsh has shown, was the question of the Immortality of the son], which was maintained by Plato, bat denied by the Epicureans; and it is solely with reference to the conclusion of Plato on this one point, not to the weight of his ou thor&y, that Cicero prefers to abare with him the beneficent possible error of eternal life, rather than with his opponents the fearful and pernicious truth, if it were a truth, of final annihilation. NEW PUBLICATIONS* ISE CHARACTER OP JESUS PORTRAYED. A Biblical Essay, with an appendix. By On. Dxxua. ScntsDX, Professor of Tbeolocy, Ucldclberp. 'translated from (he third German edlnon, with introduction and notes, by W. Q. Ftrsstss, D. D. 8 vols. Cloth. Price, thsn. Boston: little. Brown £ Co. Sold by 9. C. Gngcs A Co., Chicago. Goelbo says the oac special and deepest theme of the history of the world aad of mankind, to which all else Is subordinate, Is always the conflict of scepticism and faith; and this antagonism has for long years cen tred in the person of Jeans, the hnmble Kazarcne. confessedly the most wonderful person who has ever appeared among men, the Messiah of the prophets, the revolution* Izer of Judaism, the cardinal fact in the reli gions history of the best races of the world daring a dozen and a half of centuries. How extraordinary that one hmnan, un official and obscure, life should so impress itself upon every age from Tiberius to Lincoln, as to mould, in a good measure, alll themlndsthat have made taming points in the vast highways and by-ways of subee quent history! I7ow strange that the rugged hills of Palestine should bring forth a martyr whose crucifixion would convert the accursed Homan cross, the symbol of shame, into an emblem of all that Is en nobling in nligion and beautiful in personal dcvotlcn t Bow inconceivable that the son of Mary, a child of want, bora In a stable, uneducated in tbe lore of scholars, a tolling carpenter, a men of sorrows and acquainted with grief, should, In three years, be ac cepted as a son of God, and should both live and die to prove It: bat so It was; and mil lions upon millions bsve followed him with -the pride of a medieval knight and the steadfastness of a real disciple. Nothing but a summation of all tbe Inspirations of all previous time could so overflow our frill earthen vessel with the UUmitable bright ness of the true and the good, ar to Illumine eighteen hundred years of man’s past with the sublime hope of immortal life, and cast Into the future, even of these times, a light than which our age, so full of grids and longings for eternal life, Is unahle to find the parallel. A generation ago, the chilling Strauss shocked theology as a clap of thunder from a clear sky shocks the hay-maker on the hill-side, by tbe publication of his “Life of Christ,” a mine sprung under tbe very cit adel of Christianity, compassing its over throw -with the weapons of science and philosophy. He thought the Gospels of very little historic value, denied the possibility of miracles and held that such a character as Jesus, mighthare been evolved out of certain conditions of society. Again he comes to the field of criticism and finds things quite unsultcd to his expecta tion, Just as the man who went to sea when a boy came back but to find the sailor vision of home had vanished, his friends all dis persed and the boys and girls ail grown up and married. Strauss thought he had etaiUd a revolution in theology ; hut the world moves much the same as before be lay him down, as bears 'do, for his long silent winter of waiting. The fact U revolu tions cannot be founded on mere negations. He considers Schenkcl a compromiser, and tells him that his endeavor to reconcile sci ence and theology will give him the dis pleasure of both, that this science is an at tempt to please theology lor which the latter will not thank him on account of his numerous admissions.. Kenan went upon a scientific mission to explore Phoenicia, and while sojourning in the native land of Jesus tbe inspiration fell upon him of the “ mar vellous harmony with the Gospel ideal of the country which serves It for a frame.” The “Life of Jesus” appeared, and we have tbe Inconsistency of a eulogist of the Son of Man presuming Iraad In the assumption ot His character. Tet Kenan would (kin be lieve his subject a reality, though he himself beautifies and mystifies by his peculiar emo tional and rather elevated and spiritual style. The publication of Renan’s book led Dr. Scbenkel to give to the world bis twenty-five > ears’study in the same field. Tbe Heidel berg Professor's essay toward a better knowl edge of the founder of Christianity is dls- tlcguished by a method purely historical. The author says it is Impossible to write the life of Jesus; but that the comprehensive sod thorough renovation ot the Church which our whole age Is laboring for caa be accomplished only In harmooj with a reno* rated faith In the true, historical Christ, the Climt living in the history of tbe'world. So the Doctor gives us his mature convictions of tho character of Jesus, and in points of doubt he measures improbability b> the impossibility of fraud. As we understand him, his whole argument hinges upon the integrity of his subject. He assumes the highest virtue of man to dwell io the meek and lowly Jesus. Unlike Strauss, bo expects the “Christ that lives in history," that Is, tho ideal Jasus of tho Christian world, will ho accepted as truly good. The great sceptic gave the challenge to everybody; the Christian scholar pre sumes that whatever Jesus said or did, it was prompted by the best of motives. The study of the character of Jesna to its own reward. The carnrtt man can sympa thize with Dr. Furness in the feeling of boun tiful over-payment for the time and labor of his researches. The devoted translator has given to the American reader the best exist ing means of getting at a consecutive, ap preciative, and at the same time critical ac count of the most mysterious and the while the best known of all historical persons. Few men can read deeply the record of Jesus without becoming hto disciple. The scoffer Is generally a man of course nature and superficial culture. The best living man is the one most like Jesus of Nazcreth, though t>lill an infinite distance beneath Him. toil TURNER IN WASH INGTON. He Sees a “ Rebel Judge ” and tlio Presidential Son-in-Law. An A Hoc ting Story with on Important Bloral. (From Oar Own Correspondent,} WAsnzxcTOß, December 1906. A capital story to afloat in political circles ucie vuiteermiAg Turner, late Johnannitc candidate for Congress against -Mr. Wash burnc, iu the Galena District; and I don’t know as 1 can do better than to pat it Into Western circulation, “for the benefit of whom it. may concern” generally, aud for the delight of Mr. Turner’s friends par ticularly. * For a man who has been on so many sides of so many questions, Mr. Tomer is under stood to be somewhat sensitive to personal criticism. This fact, and, perhaps, a little vanity—“’tie pleasant, surely, to see one’s name in print,”—led him to write a letter during the recent canvass in reply to the general charge that the Johnson movement was in the interest of the rebels. The letter was, of course, published. He couldn’t be content with decoding faizzajelC but most needs “pitch into Congress." A pretty set of men are these, quoth be in sub stance. I believe—to call os sympathizers with treason, when the Senate has just ad mitted to hto scat a man who was a rebel Judge during the war. He referred, of couth*' to Judge Patterson, of Tennessee, son-in-law of the President. A vise man, or a shrewd politician, would not Urns hare let “vaulting ambition o’crlcap itself" and assail an inmate of the White House, but this criminal political blander was exactly in Mr. Turner's best style. The letter was . copied from Mr. Turner’s orgsn into several papers la the district, and extracts from It found their way to the White House and the tableof son-in-law Pat terson. Ten or twelve days after the election, it seems that, Mr. Turner came on here to get hto bread and butter, though what claim he could hare on this Administration for in creasing Hr. Washbnrne’s majority docs not appear. However, an excess of modesty was never one of hto fallings, I think. Upon his arrival, Mr. Turner *‘ struck a beeline” for the White House. He bad heard that it would be advisable to work through Judge Patterson: that the President could most readily be reached through bis son-in-law. Accordingly Le made bold to send bis card at once to the Judge, waiting, meantime, in the ante-room, and pondering the matter of bis unfortunate letter, written lor home consumption only, and without any regard to outside consequences. The Sens tor-judge and Presidential son-in law b-oked at the card, thought a moment, rubbed bis nose, and exclaimed, “Humph! Thomas J. Turner! Called me a rebel!" Thesnbslance of the conversation that took place Immediately thereafter In the ante room to reported by one who heard the same, as follows: Mr- Patterson enters, and Mr. Turner is very glad to see him. The Judge to formal and distant—Mr. Turner to gushing and de mons! retire, and deems it best to' come at once to business, which he does at once in this fashion: Turner (with great frankness and in a low tone of voice)—Senator, I am sorry to learn that a paragraph from one of the letters I wrote during the recent canvass, has been brought to your notice In such a way as to lead yon to believe that I meant to reflect on yon. 1 want to .assure yon that there to Bome mistake about the matter—ray letter was sot Intended as a reflection on you; and I hope it wQI not be allowed to operate to my prejudice here.” Patterwn (Lend enough to attract the no tice .of bystander*)— 1 “ Yea, sir, snch a letter has come under my observation, and 1 must say that it does seem to reflect on me. The substance of the paragraph was' that yoa called me a rebel—a rebel, sir." Turner (Deptecatlngly, and with hto hand on the son-in-law’s shoulder)—“ My dear sir," (with marked emphasis on “dear") ** m v dear sir, yon entirely fkDed to compre hend the weight and purpose of that para graph- 1 always understood that yon were a g(X>d Union man during the war. The paragraph yon saw was a mere extract from the Iktter, and conveyed a very wrong im pression of the whole document." Palimom (Wth forte tod earnestness)— “An extract, tu It? I don’t know what was In tbe balance of the letter, bat that waa a paragraph by itself, baring no connection with anything else, and U distinctly charged me with being a * rebel Jndgc.*” Tttnur (still more deprecalingly) “My dear sir, you overlook the circumstances nn* dor which that letter was written. Let me ttll yon. The Radicals of the district were bitterly assailing ns. MTashborae led off by asking me which Congress I was running for. They charged me with disloyalty, and even hinted that I couldn’t take the oath. Tbe reference to you In my letter was merely to show the Inconsistency of Congress and the Radicals; and, I assure yon, it had no per* sonal application.” Paflmoo (with greater earnestness)—“ It was all very well, air, to show the inconsist ency of Congress; hut what In h—II did you call me a rebel fbr? How did that helpyonr case*” Turner (very apologetically)— 1 “Bat, Judge, 1 didn’t mean to call you t rebel. What I wauled was to show the Inconsistency of Congress. 1 did understand, however, that you held an office under the Confederate Government,” Patterton (with energy)—“Xot by a d—d sight. I was elected as a State Judge by the Union people and held tbe office In defiance of the rebel Government.” Turner (inquiringly)—" I always under. stood. Judge, that you were a Union man; but it’s true. Isn’t it, that Congress had to pass a law modifying the test oath before you could take your scat In Congress?” Patterson (Indignantly)—"No, sir I no, air! I took tbe iron clad oath and took it con.- ( sclentlously, too.” - Turner (down In the mouth)—“Well, Sena tor, I see I was misinformed, and I shall take pleasure lu making the correction. I am very sorry this has occurred. I hope you will understand that I meant no reflection on you.” Pattmon— (condescendingly)—'”o, It’*_a matter of no consequence. When I first saw the article I supposed It was from some Radical, and I paid no attention to It; but It was brought to my notice again is a.Radi cal newspaper, and then I saw that the charge, was made by a Conservative, and that the paper was defending me. Why, how’s this, said T, here’s a Conservative who charges me with being a rebel Jadgc. They told me that was Tom Turner, of Illinois, who was running against Washbome for Congress. Turner, says 1, who the h—U’s Turner, and what does be mean by that sort of thing ?. It may be all well enough for tbe Radicals to make such a charge, but 1 didn’t expect this from a Conservative. However (turning on his heel)—however, it don’t matter—it don’t matter.” ‘2'urncr—<very Imploringly)—“ Really, my dear sir, I do hope you will Dot allow this to be used against me here to prevent me from accomplishing what I desire. Ton are under a misapprehension about it. When I get home I’ll send yon a true copy of tbe whole letter so that you can sec exactly how It was.” Patterson—' ” All right, all right. By the r way, how much did you beat Washbnrue ?” Turner—' 14 0,1 wasn’t elected—the district is hopelessly Radical.”/ Patterson —“ Then you weren’t elected, af ter all. How much did Washburnc beat you?" Turner—' “ Well, really,*l can’t jjivc the exact figures—the returns were not all in when I came away.” Patterson —“ Ton don’t know the majority, then—something like eight or ten thousand, wasn’t It? , Well, good morning, sir—good morning.” Exit Turner from tbe White House. And he got no bread and butter. No foreign ap pointment—not even a consulship, nor a col- Icctorsbip, nor a postmastership. Nothing for Tom Turner—nothing for Tom Turner’s friends. _ Moral—Look before you leap. Agricultural and Other Colleges, ; B culls QTON, lowa, December G, 1336. Editors Chicago Tribune: That Agricultural College Grant seems to hare proved a very Pandora’s box to the quidnunc* of the Sucker State.' Nearly lour years have elapsed since it was made—bat a few months arc left for its acceptance, and you bare done nothing yet. A legislative body meeting but once in two years, for for* ty days at two dollars a day, when the most economical member must spend twice that amount for bis daily expenses, Is truly a poor arena in which to settle such disputes. Cot* ter tlx It np before the Legislature meets, if pbsMble; yel you had better make haste eloVly, too, if at all. Perhaps, too, the errors and mistakes of Tour neighbors maybe soraeguldcln settling snch mailers. Here in lowa we hare had a Stare Farm fora number of years, and it was determined to locate on it a Farmer’s Col* leac per «e. The mere trifle—bagatelle—of lllly thousand dollars, would tit out all the necessary buildings, and the Federal Land Grant would run the thing grandly, wouldn’t It ? Of course It would. Well, the Legislature wisely doubted all this, but dually voted the amount, condl tioued that half of it only should go at once, to put up the walls, roof, Ac. When this was done, the other half was to go to com* iilcte It. At work went our enthusiasts. The first $25,000 went like sliding down bill, and fclO.OuO more alter it; ana only some fcv hundred itci of a foundation, coating sl,‘dS6 and odd cents exactly, in cosh, visible • Where did the balance of the money go to? Who knows?—or, knowing, who will tell? Undeterred by this failure, the enthusiasts were In full force last winter, and got the mere trific of sho,ooo more appropriated to ■ complete the clephauton their hands. This, it is safe to say, will not finish it, and when built, it will look with its ‘‘Mansardroof” and “modem Improvements” very much like a stray Chicago first class hotel, or a runaway girufle, away out on the wild prairie* of Story County. The experiment will cost the State several hundred thousand dollars for nothing; for having tailed already several times, It will continue to be a failure. But little mure encouraging Is the history of these institatlons in other States. That of Pennsylvania has been a ridiculous fail ure. The managers attribute It to the un paid labor system of the students; and the students retort by saying that the Superin tendent, is an ignorant clown, that the State stock arc all lousy scrubs, and that there n«vt*r wai* any Indneptuont to work on such a miserable managed farm. Michigan has gut along but little better, for out of her million or more people, but one hundred and eight students attended an institution this year, where the tuition Is entirely free, and the accommodations and teachers first-class in every respect. No fact, not thoroughly ex hausted, is mote evident than tha; farmers don’t wont such colleges, won’t support them when they arc established, and their sons will not go to them to learn farming. It is useless to dilate further on thlt fact. Owing, doubtless, to Egyptian Influences, if President Blanchard is correct, you oi 11U m4s are very much like the stingy Methodist who thanked the Lord that he hud enjoyed religion for forty years and it had never coot him a cent. Colleges have never cost your Stale a cent. Yet you have no lack of them, there being no less than three in the little village of Abingdon, and six in the same county, Knox. To fay the truth, the colleges hare never deserved any better treatment. They have never progressed a hair’s oreadth fora lull half century. To-day they are hub tudons of Vale ami Harvard In New'England, and they are servile imitations of Oxford and C&mbiidge In Old England. They have all fed as on busks instead of wholesome food, and they themselves are but rattling dry bones, mere ghosts of what they ought to be. They cram us with languages not now spoken by any living nation, and call it learning: and are themselves being rapidly superseded by the practical common-sense schools known as Commercial Colleges, where the every-day practices and necessities of the citizen are mode known to the youth, and where he acquire*- In a few months what ho could not learn in as many years in an ordinary college, whence he emerges, in too many In. stances, a greater fool than he went in. This is plain speaking, bat is it not also the plain truth? What we want, then, in these Western States, Is no mammoth insti tution, filled with stall-fed professors, cram

ming 103 out of a million, or fill) out of two millions of people, with more than their share.of impracticable learning, so called. The masses want to be elevated, and we want to turn out every year in every one of our respective commonwealths, hundreds of thousands of intelligent yumig men and women. Give them'all the solid, sound, practical rudiments, and leave each free then to excel in his or her own way—to climb turthrr up the giddy sleep of knowl edge, or to carry what they have already ac quircd Into the practical every day walks of life. Cultivate a spirit of inquiry and re search, a truly Catholic and American spirit of looking at every question with an unpre judiced analyzing mind, and leave all not only perfectly free, but as competent as their minds will render possible the working oat their own careers as ireful citizens by them selves alone, if they hive no extraneous aid, as the majority have not. To cfiect this, it Is certainly evident that tbe huge Agricultural College some of your enthusiasts are dreaming out, is all moon shine. It will cost yon, as oars has and will cost, hundreds of thousands of dollars, and be a failure still. If the farmers really needed any snch concern, they would have put their beads together long ago to build it- But they not onlv do not want It, but will have nothing to'do with U when it is built, cither in the way of patronage, or at tending It when tuition costs nothing. A very unpleasant feature of this Agricul tural College Grant system, is tbe manner! In which It is certain to retard tbe settle inert and filling up of Western States. A recent newspaper -writer asserts that he travelled lotty-siz miles through an nn , broken solitude, on tbe road from Grand Traverse to Grand Rapids, In Michigan, 1 every acre of which was covered with Hall > road and Eastern College grants. Onr rail roads here In lows hare successfully resisted , the taxation of their lands by the State for , ten years, while refusing to sell or improve them, and if this state of things continues to prevail The settlement of these States will be kept back for a generation, while Eastern r ctatrs are speculating on these lands, for L Hm same state of things prevails in all other , n eaten Stages as weilas Michigan. ; The portion of land due Illinois is 430,000 1 acres. A princely dom»in,yjcldlDga prince ly income, if honestly managed. It Is to be I honed, for the welfare of mankind, that you r yill turn this over to sums living, practical, > humanizing American institution already in ' existence, instead of vainly attempting to exhume another worthless mammoth, and that the world may be really better and not • worse for Its existence. The history of slm , liar Instliutions from West Point and the j Smithsonian Institute down, is so verr near an utter failnrt and fraud that the distinc tion cannot be perceived by an impartial ob server, let him examine them all never so cloecly. Ha-wksve. Death of a colored Lawyer. Mr, John S. Rock, of Boston, died in that city on Monday, from consumption. Mr. Rock was a colored man, a perfect gentleman, a npe scholar, and a consistent Christian. Three years since he was admitted to prac tice at the bar of the Supreme Court at Washington, He contributed several brief essays, which were published, on national affairs,in reference to the “proscribed which was exhibited a high order of talent, both In the. choice of language and the depth of reasoning powers. Mr. Rock mar ried a daughter of tbe late John Bowers, of Phiisdelphia, and with hU wife he removed to Boston. The climate there did not agree with her, and she icli a victim to consump tion, and departed this life in March last. Mr. Rock’s nealth also gave way from the same cause, and he was obliged to relin quish a huge and growing practice. He had already made bis mark as a lawyer, and justly won'tbe esteem of that larce class of Intelligent people of Boston whohare more regard for culture than color. In his inter* course with mankind be was ever courteous, and In Llslaj|t hours, when about to enter tbe dark valley of the shadow of death, its gloom seemed to be dissipated by the never fiUiing llaht of Christianity, which had - guided him through an eventful and a well spent life. An Ohio paper baying boasted that the widow of one John Baxter hsd a child six months old, while the mother's age was bat Lhirleen years, ihc Ahneda (Cal.) Ccs'ltt rejoins that a lady In CaUforria became a grandmother onhertuentj fourth hirth-day. EUROPE. Our London Letter. THE FORTHCOMING tfRIAI OF GOrERBOK EIRE. Graphic Sketches of the Prosecution [Correspondence Chicago Tribune.] Lowdos, November 311 . THZ GREAT TRIAL AH OCT TUB JAMAICA ATROCITIES. Unless some great event, connected with the very life and liberties of the country, transpires at the time, tbe trial of cx-Gover nor Eyre will excite more passionate discis sion, more heart burnings, more sudden bursts of class hate, than any occurrence we have had in this country for a century past. Public opinion is divided about tbe cose. To Judge by the press, tbe majority of educated people are against the prosecution, if notin fkvor of Mr. Eyre. All the naval and mili tary people, the whole of tbe clergy of tbe Established Church—always ready as a body to defend tbe excesses of arbitrary power most of tbe bar, and. tbe aristocracy In a mass arc on tbe side of Mr. Eyre. Against him are a handful of phi losophers, the more democratic of the Radicals, two or three university professors; a knot of journalists ; a few dissenting parsons and a miscellaneous crowd who arc governed in such questions solely by reason and humanity, and not by prejudices of caste or sympathies with the stromrest of two contending powers. As the lime of trial draws near, the excitement of feeling will be Intense, and when Mr. Eyre comes Into court the greater number present probably will regard him os a martyr. The DefcnceXommlltcc, to begin' with, have an Immense advantage in thr fact that thclr’s if the defence. In all polit ical trials in this country the sympathy's with the nrlaoner. But apart frm this, there is tbe ignorance of the country as to the facts.- Unless we (Isa/we, for I am very emphatically on the side *f the prosecution), can get as far in the rase as to have the witnesses from Jamaica cjAmlncd In open court, there will still be t)e notion that no cruelties worth spcaklny ol were committed, and that poor Gordonwas really a marderons conspirator. Ifanyhlngto the contrary has become known, U in spite of the newspapers. To this very lay, the worst acts of the Jamaica authority have never been recorded in the Time*, tK‘ Telegraph, and journals of that widely circulating class. They have been sladioasfy fnd systematically suppressed. Nay, It Is actually the case that even now, the same journals have Intentional ly refrained from roakinr known the resolve of the Jamaica Jury to fevuid any investigation into the deeds of tbit ruffian, Provost Mar shal Ramsay, and h«ve excluded from their columns all reference to the Judge’s remarks npon that occasion, or to the strong con demnation which has been passed by tbe new Governor npon tbe acts of the planters generally. The Jamaica Committee, there fire, have a dreadfully up-hill work before them, and have omy the consciousness of acting from the highest motives to brace t hem to the duty. As tbe first steps in this great national contest will shortly be taken, I prorose to give yon a running sketch of the chiefs on both sides. The extraordinary character of the struggle appears conspicu ously when the position and idiosynentdes oi tbe combatants are known. Israel. THK JAMAICA COMMITTEE—TUE PRO?ECCTOUS. The drlcruilcation to prosecute Mr. Eyre was arrived at In a meeting of some dozen of the gentlemen who bad constituted them selves a committee to watch over the inter* cats of the race whom the Colonial Government was seeking to trample out, and the home au * thnritica were carcfblly leaving to them selves. ' The dissentient was Mr. Charia* Buxton—a vain, pretentious man, whose** political characteristics arc sot off to a hair m the remark of Mr. Bright, that “he should bo sorry to go t iger shooting with Mr. Buxton, for he should be sure when the fighting be gan, Mr. Buxton would go over to the tiger.” Ills peculiarity has been to attach himself to particular political movements and to de* sort them at the crisis in their fate. Strongly against him on this question of prosecution were Mi. Bright and Mr. .T. Stuart Mill, and, though the difficulties In the way were enor mous. the rest of the committee voted with those eminent men. Let us see who those resolute friends of equal justice really urc. On the committee arc fifteen members of the House ot Commons, all of them of the Radical party. Mr. Mill is the Chairman and Mr. P.,A. Taylor to the Treasurer. Mr. Taylor was a fast friend of the North during the war. and both in Parliament and out of it.spoke vigorously against the Confederate rebellion. A lady of color, Miss Raymond, well known amongst the Abolitionists, baa resided for some years, 1 beltove, with Mr. and Mrs. Taylor, as a respected friend. Mr. Taylor to chiefly known by hto associations with Mazziui. In 1848, and even long before that year, Mazzihl found both ftmds and other forms of aid from Mr. Taylor, and to this hour the veteran trinravir boa no friend whom be values more highly than the Treas urer of the Jamaica Committee. Of the other members of Parliament, three, Mr. Bames, Mr. Baines and Mr. M’Larcn, arc Evan gelical Dissenters, and are additionally con cerned in the case from the fact that the un fortunate Gordon was a zealous member of tbeir theological school. Other enr icst Evangelical Dissenters .on the commit tee are the Rev. Newman Hall, Mr. H. Kelsall, of Rochdale, (father-in-law of Sir M. Peto); Mr. S. Morley ; Mr. E. Mall (editor of the Xoneon/ormi*i) ; Mr. Hugh Mason : Rev. H. Richard (Secretary of the Peace Society); Mr. Titus Salt, an enor mously rich manufacturer In Yorkshire ; ami the celebrated Dr. Underhill, Secretary of the Baptist Missionary Society. But the canse at issue has nothing to do with differ ences of theology, and Evangelicals do not muster so strongly on the committee as Uni tarians or Brot d Churchmen. The Unitarians ore particularly strong. Four members of Parliament of that faith are there ; two Pro fessors at their College—Professor Bceslcy and Professor J. J. Taylcr—Professor Calms, and ten or twelve of their eminent lavmen. On the committee are also Mr. R. n. Hutton, editor of the Spectator, and the best newspa writer, perhaps, England can boast; Mr. bos. Hughes, M. P.; Mr. J. M. Ludlow; Mr. Godfrey Lushington; Mr. W. Evans, who was the chairman of the Emancipation So cietv; Professor Fawcett. M. P.; Mr. F. Har rison, a writer of non-political articles in the Srtvrtlay Tterie tr; Mr. T. Hare, whose labors in the cause of party reform arc highly ap preciated here; Mr. John Bright’s brother, Mr. Jacob Bright; the Radical member for Ncweas’le-npon-Tyne, and the fast friend of Garibaldi, Mr. James Cnwcn: the Secretary of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery So ciety, Mr. Chamerorzow; the burly repre sentative of the favorite watering place, Brighton, Mr. J. White, and Mr. Holden, M. P. The urroy Is represented by two Major* and a Colonel, (on the retired list); the navy by Captain A. Becher. B. N.; the medical profession by Dr. Humphrey Sandwitb. of Kars: and Miss Martincau’s doctor at Amhiesido, Dr. F. Davy. Excepting the brothers Bright, there are two Qnakers'only, viz.: Mr. Charles Gilpin and Mr. Charles Sturge of Birmingham. The solitary cler gyman of the Church of England to a scbol arly roan—the Rev. W. C. Kinglakc. Father Newman’s brother, equally renowned, though iu the exactly opposite direction of religious thought. Professor F. W. Newman, is of course on the committee, and there to one eminent Roman Catholic, the son of the great -Wilbcrforce, and the brother of the present Ri.-bop of Oxford, Mr. H. W. Wllbcr force. The latter gentleman wrote an ex cellent article on the subject to the last number of the Roman Catholic quarterly organ the DuMin Jierieie. Two other names, regarded, wherever the physical sciences or philosophy are known, with special respect, the name* of Professor Healey and Herbert Spencer, are prominent on the committee. Of the aristocracy of rank, only one repre sentative -npears, the Hon. Lvulpb Stanley, asunr" Stanley, of Alderley, and a near relati* celebrated Dean of Westmin ster, 1 .hur P. Stanley. The Hon. Ly ulph has travelled In the United States, and ever since that tour has been strongly on the Democratic side. I bare kept to the last the chief oarae of all—lf resoluteness of purpose, definiteness of aim and untiring energy go tor anything—l mean the name of Professor Goldwin Smith. To this gentleman, more than to any oue other, is due the determination to prosecute the murderer of Mr. Gordon. If his opinion bad been followed, Eyre would have been arrested ou bis landing In England, but this was overruled. mainly through the want of sufficient means at that moment to fallow the case up. By his counsel, bis nen and bis influence gene* rally, incalculable good has been worked for the cause by Mr. Goldwin Smith. Reviewing the list as a whole, and the sub scription list as well, we cannot but feel that the great religions bodies.are wanting in this attempt to secure ordinary civil rights for an oppressed people. Kot the Church only, bat the popular sects—the Wesleyans, the Inde pendent*, even the Baptists—bare shrank from offending the “upper ” classes by dar ing to prosecute one who has been accepted as a peculiarly fitting representative of the oligarchical cause. To heterodox-religion ists and philosophic free think ers has it been left in the main to carry ont one of the objects which ought to be dearest and holiest toa Christian man. If the frightful massacres at Mr. Eyre’s orders: if the horrible lost for blood which bis subordinates manifested: if the utterly defenceless condition of the benight ed race who were first enslaved by ns, and «ho ever since their emancipation have been robbed and ahnsed at every torn : if this spectacle has nothing in It to appeal to the consciences of professedly religious men, then 1 know not what will divert them from their worship of rankaod their deference for the dictates of those who see In the slightest act against oue who has protected “proper tv,’' by whatever means, the most heinous sin possible to man. THE BIKE DEFENCE COMMITTEE —X CONTRAST. The objects, the Ideas, the very morality at stake, differing so widely, the character istics of the individuals on the opposing committees, present a corresponding con trast. To Mr. Eyre’s defence nave harried noblemen whose reputation has been blown upon; baronets better known at the dice table than in political life; stubborn Tories, who view emancipation in the West Indies as a blot on onr history; taWeurt who would like nothing so much as to have a chance of “ peppering away” at the negroes, and a few men whose obliquity on this head lain dis creditable relief to *thtlr past. Among the latter I should doss Mr. Raskin, whose best excuse Is, perhaps, an eccentrici ty amounting to monomania, and who talks at limes like an “inspired lunatic;” also Mr. Henry Kingsley, who seems led, like his brother, the “reverend parasite,” asneia called, to Mr. Eyre’s deience, from an ad miration of the ex-Goyernor’s decision In Killing so many people. Sir S. Baker bos been so recently knighted that hefeeU neces sarily drawn toward the side ol the aris tocracy. Dr. Gray end Professor Tyndall are the only scientific men on the list. Of those, the first is without any comparison the most egotistical and disagreeable man that ever anatomized the body of an animal or bird. He fs unfortunately in the British Musenm.fllliDgan office which brings him Into connection wit h Professor Owen, and he enter tains for the great Professor a jealous hatred which eonnna lu Jt and lam certain 'bat Dr. on jij C Eyr* l c fence Fond, because bc\a* heard that Pro- ( fewer Owen’* other .way. « A literary man. who has Vaed w * private, 1 life into a shop, and who j,u old offering everywhere for tale, either I* Eictnres or papers, skttchAof men whon c knew chiefly as havltc bdn the recipient of their bounty—l refer to SLC, Hall—to the committee—his nami alrnat maklng’he rest look ridicnlons. Figurng amro^ 1 them to also tho Hon. Mi. Lairtey, wk° ccr ‘ tainly did not reedre from 'be House of Commons th* prcQi to his name, hut rather * contra'y one. asd who was tbecoircspondcnt ofthe Sojcsht the Con federate States. it lain theitncfsof things that a person of hU stamn sli-mld bo where bets. Of thetwelve naval and military offi cers. two are Bo»r Admlraisv^ o Colonels; a»c Captain? and three Major*,,. tpjj e ge ven members of Parliament are all most of them having army one of them has ever said or done a tMoSL liaroent that has benefited the Earl, a Viscount, fire *• Lords”—one oftym a broken-down Lennox—nine Baronets, t*y or three cx-Govcrnors and clergymen, and «■ publisher who has the worst name of all hto tribe for fleecing authors, make an the rest of the “ representative men.” Sot a name of the while list stands associated with a chrilian’swork. They arc the “Boar bon blood” in tie English veins. They would take ns back hid they the power, to the rule ofthe mlddloßffes» end conceive they were bora with a/ight divine which may sanctify any means fhev may choose to adopt. This daw are pothering for a last struggle, for what Dr. Camming would call the battle of Annaccidon. This Eyre trial to an outpost, and whatever the result with that, the decl are tVuggle will yel he to come. TIXE LIMHLES3 M. P. ifj-' Karanajrh. the Irish landlord who was bora without either lop* or arms, has hem retard'd to Parliament bv an Immense m&* jttity over blu rival, the Tory Catholic, Mr. /. Pope Hennessey. Of course this Is due to the extent of his landed property, which brings him In an lucome or j£lo,ooo a year. An Idiot so circumstanced would have nearly os pood a chance, as things are. How Mr. Kavanagb proposes to go through the rou tine of Parliamentary life, his friends do not inform us. He did not appear on the hust ings, and if he attends the sittings of the House of Commons he must be lifted la and ont, and even, I believe, be strapped to his beat. J. F. K. JOUJ« H. SUBBIIT. Jtla Antecedents at College—Journey* to, Blebmond and Canada—lnception ul the Aasasslnatlon Plot—The Plan to Capture the President* The capture of John H. Surratt, In Egypt, and his expected early return to this coun try, brings the Incidents of the gloomy days of A phi, 1865, fresh to our minds. The early escape of Surratt, however, prevented his history and tbe particulars of his participa tion in the assassination conspiracy from be coming eo well known as that of the other conspirators, and we therefore compile the following from the testimony given at the trial of his accomplices. Testimony of Louis J. Welchman: Mrs. Sumuandfaer father are Catholics. Mrs. Surratt was » member of the Catholic Canreh sod a regular attendant of its services. I generally accompanied her to chnrch on Sunday. She went to her religious duties (confession) at least two wee-ka—sometimes earl/ In the morning, sometimes at late mass—and was apparently do ing all hep duties lo Hod and man up to the time ot tbe assassination. John 11. Snrract U a Catholic, and was a student o/djtlmly at the same college (St. Chares Col lege, Maryland.} as myself. • • • His cbaiacter at college- was excellen’. On leaving college be shod teaia: and the President, ap proaching him. told, him not tbweep; that his conduct had been so excellent dnung the throe years he bad been (norc, that be would always be remembered by those who bad charge of the in til ntion. • . • • John H. Surratt is about six feet high- with very prominent lorehead, s very lainc ••'«(*, and sunken eyes: he has a coatee, and very j onif hair of a light color. . Booe i!ao l\ March, a man calling kiarelf wooa Mrs. Surratt sand Inquirer! for That la the mao—(pointing to AiLwßVeyne.l I went to the door and told btm Mr. Surratt was not at home; he thereupon ex pressed a desire to seo Mrs. Surratt. lie stopped at the house all night; he had supper served up in my room; 1 look It to him from tho kitchen; be r< presented himself as a Bapd-d preacher. About tluce weeks after he called again; on the last oc casion be was dressed In a complete salt of gray. On returning from my office one day wnilo Payne was there, 1 went up stairs to tbe third story, ard found Surratt and Payne seated ou a bed, playing withbowir knives'. There were also two revol vers and four sets of now spurs. [lbc witness here Identified one ot the spars tad a bowlokntfe found in Atzerodt’s room at the Kirkwood House —the bouae In which Vico President Johnson then boarded—as the same be saw banatt and Payne plaju*c wtth.l BvniuTT. nn. inrun jjrn booth. About January 15 lael, i was passing down Seventh street, in company with John H. Snrrait, and when opposite Odd bellows' u»ti, some one called ont *• Surratt, Sunatt,” and torn mg round, he recognised auoldacqaaintancvof bis. Dr- Sam uel A. Mndd, ot Charles County. Maryland, that gentler an there ipotntipg to the accused, Samuel A.Muddl. He and John Wilkes Boo'h were walk ing tocelbcr. Sirratl mtroduced Dr. Modd to me, ana Dr. Mndd Introduced Booth to ns, and Booth Invited us to his room at the National Hotel. When we arrived there he told ns to be seated, and ordered cigars and wine tor four. [Alter a private consultation between Booth and Mndd in tbe passage. Booth called Surratt ouL] On their return. Dr. Mudd apologized to me for bis private conversation. • • • Afterward they were seated round the Ccntxe üble, when Booth took outan envelope, ai d on the bark of !• made marks with a pencil. * .* * 1 should not consider It wridng; frum (be motion of the pencil It was more like roads or srnxtATT ts moiniosn era canida. _ About At urea 17 last, a Mrs. Slater cotsc to Mr*. Smrail's Loute and stopped there one night. Tbi* lady vest >o Masada and Richmond. On Saturday, Maicn 27, John E. Bureau drove bar and Mrs. Surratt into the country ha a buggy, leaTmg about S In the morning. • • • Mnj. Surratt (old me on her return that John hwd gone to Richmond with Mrs. Slater. Mrs. Slater, f un derstood, was to have met a man by the name of Howell, a blockade runner, but he was captured on March 21, so Surratt took her hack to Rich mond. Mrs. Slater, as I learned from Mrs. Sur ratt, was either a blockade runner or a bearer of despatches. Snrrau returned from Richmond on Apdl 3, the day the sews of the fall of Richmond was re ceived. Il ad some conversation with him about •lie fall of Hicbmond, and be seemed incredulous tie told me he did not believe it; that he had seen Beijamm and Davis In Hicbmond, and they bad told him tnat Richmond would not be evacuated. Surratt only remained In the bourn about an hour, when be told me he was going to Mon treal, and asked me to walk down tbe street with him and lake some oysters. He left that evening, -■ajiDjr he was going to Montreal, and 1 have not tccu tilm since. i raw about nine or eleven 820 gold piece? in bU poete?eior, and <SO in greenbacks, wneu be came ircxn Itichxnond; and jnst before leaving for Can* ada be exchanged JtU In gold for J6OTn creen tacks wlibHr. Holaban. 6 I afterward teamed in Montreal that Sn.-r*U ar rived there on April C, and left ou tLa LUb for the States: returned cn tie IBUi. and enraged rooma at tbc tft. 1 awrencc Ball, and left again that eight, and was ec< n to leave the boQ«e of a Mr. Porter* held. In companj with three others, in a wagon. 1 arrived at Montreal on the IVtti, and 07 knowl edge was derived Irom the register of St. Lasv itLce Bail. DESPATCH mow BOOTH TO BCBIUTT. I received this despatch and delivered it to Jobn H. aorralt on the samo dayr “ Ntw Vobk, March 23, IKS. “To Welehm»nn t Esq- Sll H street ‘• Jell John to telegraph number and street at once. J. Hoorn ” [The origin*! of 'be despatch was Handed the "licet-*, «Lo Identified the hard writing of John Wilkes Booth.] When 1 delivered the despatch to John JL, Sur ratt. 1 asked turn what particular number and street v-aa meant, and he said, “Don’t be eo damned intudalUve.’’ BCBBATr A COSSPHUTOU. Testimony of John M. Lloyd: 1 reside it Hr*. Surratt's tavern. Surralienlli;, «l>on eleven miles ;rvm Washington. Pome five or si* weeks before tb« a«assmatfr»n of the PtesUlent. doha li. Sur islL David £. Harold and G. A Aczerodt to mj ooo'e. Atzcroutand Smrau atove nptomy Loose to tbe morning first, sad went to-v&rdTec Lev, a post office about five miles below there. 'lb«y rad not beeo gone more than half an boar, ween they returned with Harold. • • • John 13. Surratt then called me into the frost parlor, and on Ue sofa o ere two carbines, with ammunition ; also a rope from sixteen to twenty feet in length, ana a tnoLkewwrvnch. Surratt askea metouke car** of there things, and to conceal the carbine*. I told him there was no place tn conceal them. • • • Be then took melnto a room In the back part of the halldlng. and showed me where I could not them—underneath the Joists of the second floor. * * * Mr. Surratt assisted me in earning them np-rlalrs. with the cartridge boxes. lpntt s cm in there according to bis direction. Surratt saia be Just wanted tnese articles to stay lor a few dare, and he would cjII for them. On the Tuesday sefor<* the assassination of the President, 3 was c using to Washington, and 1 met Mrs. Surratt on the roao. • • • When she flirt bicachcd the subject to me about articles at my P'ece, I aid not know what she had reference to. Then she came oat planer, and asked me about (be 14 BheQi[nn*lrouß.’‘ j told her they were hid away far hack. * • • She told me to fttbem ready; that they wo old be wanted soon, •old her that 1 bad an idia of having them hailed ; tbat I was vety uneasy about baring them there. Un April ll'b. (the day of the assassination.) 1 went to Mariboro to attend a trial there, ar d in tin- evening, when I got home, about five o'clock. Hound Mis. SurraU there, she met me by toe weed pile, aa I drove In tie yard with somc-lUh and oyrters in mv buggy, the told me to hare these ehnoiing-trons ready tbat night; there would be P'.me who would ciu for them. She gave me something wrapped In a piece of paper, vblch 1 took upstairs and found to be a field-class. • • • The carbines and cartnogc-boxei remained concealed between the Joists and ceiling of an unfinished room until tint Tnoay, when Mrs. Surratt gave me information bat tncy would be wasted that n f ghu • • 1 then took them out, according to her direction*, and put them to my bed-room, so aa to bavc them convenient for any parties tha* might call that night. 1 also prepared two bottles of wbi-key ac cording to ber dlrvctlonr. • • • • ' Juat about midnight, on Friday, the Uih. Bar old came into the house and said, ** Lloyd, tor God's sake, make haste and ret these tolars." • • • • From the way be spoke. I bad been apprised that I already knew wtat 1 was to give him.. £ootb did not come in; he remained oa his horse. Earold come into tbe boose and got Ue whisker and toek It oat to him, andbcdnmk wnile sluir gon Ms horse. • * • • They took only ore ot the carbines. Booth said be could aot take his, became his leg was broken. * • • Jcrt as they were about leaving. Booth said; “ I will tell tlu some news, if you want to bear it,'* .or something to that eflbct. “Wen," eaid. he “I am pretty certain we have assassinated the Presi dent snd Secreiary Seward. • • • • Between cisht and Line next monitor, the ue*a waa re ccived tf the assassination ot the President. *[Tbe‘carbine taken from Booth at Garrett's ism, cn bting shown to the witness, was identi fied as one of those that bad been left with him by SurraU.] 1 took oS the cover of one of tbe carbines that SnrraU brought me. aid tbe peculiar kind of breech attracted my atloatien, never having teen one like U before. (Speccer’s breech-loading carbines, sixteen charges.] raiLi-nx or a nor to caftusx tux fhxeidkxt. Locls Welchman’s testimony: Daring Dayne’s second visit to Mrs. Samu'a boose, some time after March 4.1 retired trom my office one day at half oast four o’clock. 1 went to my room, and ringing the bell for Dan, the negro servant, told him to bring me some water, and inquired at the same time where John bad cone. Be told me masaa John bad left the fiontof the boose with some others, ob horseback, about half-past two o’clock. On goirgdown to dinner 1 foand Mrs. Surratt in tbe passage- She was weeping bitterly, and X en deavored to console her. She said‘•John Is gone away: go down to dinner, and nuke the best of yourdlsser yoaranl” After dinner 1 went ’o my room, sat down, commenced reading, and about ball-past etx o'clock Surrait came in wry much excited—in tactrcebcd Into the room, lie had a revolver In bis band—one cf Sharp's revol vers, a four-barreled revolved, a small one, yon could carry it In your vest pocket Be appeared to be vert-much excited. I said, “John, wbat la the matter; why are yon so mnea excited!” lie replied, “1 rill shoot any one thatcomesjuto this room; n-y prospect is gocc, my hope? are blighted I” In socut ten mlooUa afterward the prisoner Payne came into tbe room. He was also very modi esc.led, sad I nofeed he bad aplstoh About fifteen mfrotes after" ard Booth cams Into the room; and Booth was so excited that he walked abound the room three or lour limes very ftauilciUr- acd cld not notice me. He had a whip in his band. I sooke »o Mm. sod, rtcbgnl’aag me. he said, ** ftiid net sec you,” Tbe three then —lt „„ .tain into the back room. In the third tss-M&.is'a'Sd H« said find gone to Baltimore, and Booth, be rala»batw«me to 2?cw iota. The t e"TO boy afterwai* told me that of the seven tutswffo bad spne ow that aitcrnooQ. he Tfiia one wa* Masaa John, Booth, and Port VnhaSo (Atrcrodtl, and that -wp who was atop sums ceed. rijne wprfl the only onnjEiHc dud n.maxkj by hmrmt wm me e. would go down green to posterity. THE FUEL SUPPLY DF CHICAGO. COAL, WOOD ASD PEAT. The Amount of Each Recelrcd Burin? the Present Year—Gain Orer 1865 —Recapitulation of the Busi ness of the Principal Bcal v ers in Coal* N*ar Co«l Field*— Prices of Coal llnrlnsf tne Year. The season of navigation for the year IW fa now OT*r, atd a readme of one of the principal iu teicsls ot Chicago may now be made very nearly, If not quite complete. The Interest to which we refer la the coal trade, with lha associate inciden tals cf wood aid peal,—all, in brief, comprised under the head of Aside from the great and growing seeds of so large a population as that of oar city, we have rap* idly Increasing among as a host of various branches of manufacture, all drawing largely upon our resouices for luel, and to meet these wants, we have, until a comparatively v««j recent date, bad to rely entirely nnoo points Car distant from os. Even yet it Is by tar the smallest item in tbc vast coal trade oi Oblasgo, which is record* ed as coming from oar own State. Onr wood brought across ibe lake, onr coal mainly from Cleveland 'sod Buffalo, and Its prices then con* trolled by a league between oar local dealers and the Eastern sellers, and onr peat Helds undevelop ed, it is no wonder that in years gdne by aud even vet we have had to and do pay the most shocking prices lor tbc means of combating the rigor of onr winter breexce, Last year the iniquity of the ecu! dealers reached its acmo,and even they Uucbtd at tho prices which they asked and received for their “ blade dia monds." Bui they bad excellent excuses to oiler. They affirmed that last year anthracite coal cost them *12,23 in New York, in consequence of tbe fact that every one waa having vyben coal be gun to come into tho market, late in the season, alter the eleven weeks’ strike ot the miners, and that Eastern dealers and owners found that they could cot any price they pleased. Tbe cool cost the Eastern meu no more than when they sold it for *0.23 in the spring, hot when inis extra price was pnt on they pocketed as clear pioSrall the I difference. Navigation waa about closing, so 1 Western men bad to boy in a hurry, at any price at which they could make purchases. Again; the canal boots took advantage ol the sodden pressure at that time, cbarg*ng *3 20 per ton for carriage, or for carriage and insurance, so lost with the freight from Buffalo here, anthra cite coal, they claim, cost them sl7 to S2O per ton. delivered to customers. This war, anthracite ha«’CObt buyers, by cargo, in Ntw York, In April, *0.25, and afterward* $8.40 and *«.CS, while late this tail prices in New York hare ranged from fdSO to *..25. Freights have ad vanced, however. In a still greater proportion, the transportation otcoalirom Cnfiblo,in June last, was only fifty cents per ton, while In September as high as *2. c 5 were paid. Including the cost of lading and unlading, (he cost ot getting coal here Is estimated by some dealers at ranging from eighty five cents to *2 50 per ton, this year. Other deal ers fig ere np the cost thus Pnladlngard wheeling on clock. Waste in screening Cartage Dock rent Total. to be added to the cost of freightage from the mixes. This year, happily, there has been an nbinulanccorcoa) mined; ao much, indeed, that the Eastern mines have been stopped for the pres ent, st.d i< Is nut at alilikeiy that the prices of the present year will at all approximate to those of ISCS. Hie rnlinir prices lure ofthe acrcral crudes of coal during inc year, hare bwn as follows: Cargo, ton. Retail, ?9 ton. 510.00ai3.30>) • 6 '0& S.W P^paiLOO Anlhridte Briar E7III ami Erie. Clrrelasd. Blofsbnr". 6.CO© S.OO !).<XJSJIO.3O P.Ofr® 9.60 11.frX512.00 Per car load. Illinois S.UU© T.OOftS.OO The coal "hich we have pnl under the bead of “Cleveland/' includes the Mineral Itidge, Willonr Fank, Matsilon. and several other varieties of hi* luminous coal of a grade a little lower than the Ctiar Dill and Erie. Ot wood nnuail quantity only baa catered the citv by rail, almost all comic t: from Michigan and Cansua by vessel. The amount tlics received has been Ul.yoil covda, a gain over the y>ar previous of 12.267 cords. The prices have beeu as follow*, at retail, in this city, (be months chosen for the exhibit showing the state of iba market tn the sev eral seasons of the year: AT THE TATlt>. IIEUTEEEO. Jaararr, Maple J 1-1.00 $13.C0/JK*.(D Beach ia.OOQn.OO 13.000R00 April. Maple. 13.00 1100 Beach 11.00 liOO Jtme, Staple 10.10 11.00 teach 8.00 9.00 August Staple lI.OJ 12. U) Beach 0.00 1U 00 October Maple 13.00 14.00 Beach 11.00 1300 XOT’mbcr Maple. 13.TifKB18.00 13 LOU Beach Dec’mbcr K5p1e........ 12,20613.00 13.0U5811.D0 Beach. lO.OOS 11.00 12.0U01300 Feat can scarcely be epokea of as a fealare lu the w>«kel, or as supplying any noticeable por tion of the public demand for fad. Only about four Hundred tons of U have been sold, and not no:e than double that amount manufactured for this market. 'i bat which baa been famished, has come from the beds of tne Chicago Feat Compa st, jn Lake County, Indiana, and as the company aduntbasbeea ecarcolr a marketable article. The machine used in the manufacture caa been illy adapted to the purpose, the ar/Ing field sandy, the strata worked has been (be upper mad acd lightest, and altogether the thins tuna far has not been a success. Many, nowerer, like the article and believe that U will yet become an important, 1 not a leading Item in our fuel trade, e-periftliy lor Ihc purpose of making steam. its market price here, at retail delivered, baa seen S 3 per too. A i ew peat company, now starting on the Wel laud Canal, near Port Coiborne, claim that they can lay thtlr peat do rn here. In the beat markets tile shape, for ¥3 per ton. Such a promi-c seems rather too brill’anf, bat they aeconnt for i: by the explanation that they can eend their peat bom Ucfialo by returning grain ve-tcls, a« coal is now hrußfbt, for a little ovir one-third what it co*<s to transport it the MO miles by rail, which distance the present stock of peat in this market is brought. Coal may then be considered the great fncl of the Garden CUv, and the facts relating lucre to the most mlc'crUnc to our citizens uf any connected with the entire subject. In pome into its consider ation, u mar therefore bo of interest to lay befme onr readers a condcr-sed statement by all the principal dealers of the amounts of the several jrrarles of eoal rece.vcd by them. There maybe one or two small dealers who have not been dla covered Ly oar reposters, and a few tons may have been brought In by adventurous spirits, who gen erally confine IhcmselTea to a secood-nand busl rces. hnt the following resume will be found very rcaily complete, quite as fully so aa It Is poia’bla to make it; According to (Ms statement. 141.903 cords ot wood have been r.ceired—a gain of 13.9G7 cords over the 125.M2 cotds received last year; and, of coal, 378.CC8 tons hare been received, an Increase ot Sv,«ji tone nter the 2&-',771 tuns received last year. THE THUS OP Til* TKADB in fuel nay (ion these statements be estimated as follows: Coal, adding the 70.053 tons ol Illinois to that reportiQ by the Collector, gives os a total of «49,t£7 tong, which, a*, an average value 01 £9. W per ton, maaes a grand total ralce for the coal oronrht Into the city this year of and will be rvtaenhvred, only the cargo and car load, or wholesale, value. The retail valaa would be some $3.0) per ion more, and would swell the Brand total (o about $7,371,368 Wood—The 111,009 cords broagot by lake alone would, at gtSper cord, as close as can cul.ybe arrived at as the average for the retail price, dcllr • red, for both maple and beach, amount to fI.7W,9CS. Ihns the total retail value of the coal and wood brought I to our city during the present year. Is not less than exports of coal from our city bare beeo quite Iccoraldera blt, a very email Item in tbe genet al trade, scarcely v orth the u cubic of buutluir up. A carload of cral has gone now and then to some coun try town, even a canal boat loud has been stalled ott, but the coal scut out from here has Jxren mainly the Btosshnrcb, a very soft and line bituminous coal, intended solely for hlack- Mnlth'e nse. I*robab!y no two other dealers have sent mure than A. B. Meeker baa to tbe eoantry, and his shipments, of all kinds, bare only amounted to 15,3 fl tons. The r jut atx sienna of coal I*, on ibe other hand, believed to bare been quite considerable. The Rolling Milts at Bridgeport, for instance, are and hare been for months teeming two hundred tons per day of fine bituminous coal, from the new fields In Indiana. Utlur manufacturing estaolUumenn bare aUo received quantities of coal by vessel, ftom Cleveland, Osweso or Erie, as bare some small dealers who are only rtcogn zed aa belonging to the retail and home purchase branch of Ibis btutness, arid bare not therefore been in cluded In our list. These will account for most of tbe overplus of4l.ti"o tons on the Collector's report above that of the dealers, due allowance being also made lor tee modesty and underestimates of the latter. In the Collector's account, by the way. U'rretsno record of account ot Illinois coal, ail of e bleb bae come In by canal or raUioad. Mention baa been made of tbe BLOSSBtmeu COAZ* nnd as even the same may be strange to some of onr leaders, we will stale some few tkets relatl'g to it. 'luu coal is T4,irt ~ 4 at Bloasftorgb. Fa.,whence it demes its name, and la worth aiwot S3UJQ per ten at tbedocs. Its peculiar nature readers It unfit for any other use than the blacksmith’s “hollow” fire, but for this nothing caa replace. As soon as touched by tho flie It melts, and con tuxucaveryaiowly from the point fired, and this pecubarliy Ula wnich endeata it to the blacksmith, who is supposed to have no delicate prejudic s against the volumes of smoke ana soot wuich it throws cIL is just coming lato general favor, and next year will, ills believed, be of doable, if not treble (be Importance It now is. The beet of tbe IJMi.ou coals that come to this market are said to be those bom V>Ua.ington and LaSalle, bat little better can be said of these than that they very closely , approximate to the Mineral Ridge, Willow Rank, Massillon, Tunnel, Chippewa, Blue Mountain, Columbiana, Voagblocbeny, and a score of other second grade bituminous coals from tbe East. 'I be supply this stosonhas been materially interfered with by a strike of the miners, which lasted In me principal mines from September Ist to November Ist. Ibc principal difficulty was at the Wilmington mines: but all this has now been overcome, and the 1 anilities for bringing in Illinois coal, the year roaud, are al most extensive enough to keep np two or three good sized volcanoes In lull blast. Illinois cod is only worth from IS to £4 pec ton -at (he mines, l>ut tbe average retail price which it ha? com manded in this market has been $3. It would seem that (bis is rather heavy, bat there is ope difficnlty with which thev bare to contend, one point on wMcliatuppers of Eastern coal and the peat men, (If they ever amennt to omlhing,)wul “hoM trumps” on them, nnless they employ the canal for transporta tion, and that point is railway carriage. It costs SI.4U per ton to brio* coal sCrty-scver miles, not including ♦♦ switching’ tarifl and other extra charges sometimes added. Some of oar 11‘lnois real comes Iron*»greater and some from a less distance uan that mention'd, bat £1.40 may be deemed the average cost per too for railway trans portation. Ibe gtealerrJordon, in fact nearly aj, ot Ibis coal brought to Chicago thos far has been brought by nil, nevertheless tbe nilooi? and Michigan Canal rena directly from Chicago to the arrest coal deposit In Illinois, via: Tbe probable explanation ol ibis mys’erf is that da ring tbe months when cost Is most in demand tbe canal is doted by ice, ana the coat companies titter bare cot sufficient capita] to pile np their * summer’s product here, or they find It more profit able to sell their cod to the country, north and eoclb, on the line or the Illinois Central Railroad. the objection of railway carriage It is to be tested, will be found to apply to the chxxt nnw coax, mm cow being opened in Clay and Parke counties, In diana, of which great expectations are being forued. A number cf tbe old proprietors of tbe nrrt extensive mines of Erie and Briar Bill coal, have gcce down there, bought a vast tract of laud underlaid by a cca) which they rlsim Is eqail to ost they have lett, and by next year tbey say ibey will he in a position to ship i.tou tons per day form ihelruew mines. This is the coal wlih-h has for vcmeilne past been used atlbe Union Rolling Mills, because in adahion to It* being of eqasl qralu>. they gel it freah and unbroken. On the ccmploiicn of a road twenty tsitea tulength, which is now being bnQl. from the coalfield to iholiseoi tbe Hew Albany & Salem Railroad, thv companies producing this coal, claim <h.t ther wID h£ atle to transport It oxer or 130 jail, a of railway to this city, sc.$ c . co?t to theflselvea, on Undln* it here, of not oer ton, w hicb, howexer, remains to b* Simowiirtted. A*. B. Meeker la U» representative gEt prefect, of this new enterprise. some of one readme may like u> koow .Jj-''„ ,HE BSB ot lire ratloua klnda ot coal. In order to appre- Sn. ton much Is made on them. In one wap and Mother, betore they reach the conjnmer. They areas follows Delivered (o consume:* At the mines. here. Anthracite «MS«€XO IlfW Briar Ulll and Erie..... 3.50 11. W asd second k-adc c0a1a..'... 5.005350 10.00 Blo»«harijb ............ 3.00 1-.00 niioou.. BXOSLOO 6.0J«a3.00 | _ _ COAL DE*IM»\B*POBT». A. B. Hc«ber reports receipts of Briar Hill am Erie 9,500 toes. Second gradeSifnmluons coal 3,tJU» tuns. Illinois , 5,000 ions. Ambracl’e SR.COO tons. Blosstmrgh 4.OJH loaa. Air. Meeker is. Is tddwon to bis coal trade, one of the most extensive defiers in pig iron :n the city. While his coal bosin««a amounts to utty about half a million per annum, his pig iron business connts np tp » million. U prw.aggcs.hae for the extensive "Scranton, Pituton, WUkcshanoand Shamokln Coal Com pany," of Pennsylvania, reporta from bis two vaice 03 follows: / Briar Hill and Erie ~5d6 lon*, i Anthracite (Including Scranton and 1 aciawana, egg sixes, and Lamp Le high) <6/32 tons. Blotehnrgh tons Hoccrs & the loUowing receipts: Briar Hill and Erie V\u y tons. Anthracite - .IVvO ton.*, Blossbnrgb tons. J. u Hathaway repotte: . Briar Hill and Erie./..-..- Anthracite Blosslmrgh Second grade bltnmlncns coals . Kellogg and Rrsy report r*e«lpU; Zklar uUI and £ne C.7->1 ton*. Anthracite ...... 4,3.‘>l t 00... filosshorgb SoO tons. E. D. Taylor report receipt of: Briar Hill and Erie 6,C00 ton*. Ar.thraci e 2,-a'O tuns. , mmols lO.UJO tons. (Of this latter Item probably abont 2.1X0 tons were sold on the canal In boat loacs, to rcuil dealers—all was LaSalle coal). Taylor. Brown & Co. report: Briar Dill and Erie Anthracite Voss «t Snydecker report: Erie....... .. Anthracite... i S. B. Williams reports: lUlnols Ibis was only received in the two mouths of September and October. W. E. Johnson A Co. report: Bilar liill and Erie. tons. Anthracite.... - Sultana. Blosrbnrgfa 2.171 ton-. Second gradeLitnminons c0a1.... . .1.531 tons. Chicago ± Wilmington Coal Company report:: Illinois - ....IC.'hiii toes. (This ts all Wilminstnn coal, and has all bees received since last April, and la brought here by rail iirty*scvcn miles. The Company now lave facilities for bringing In 300 tons per day. Mach of that already brought Is sold Is balk to retail dealers.) O. W. Goit & Co. report: Briar Util and Erie Anthracite Blosshnrgh IDinols ... Uiil ■£ Sinclair report receipt of. llUnol- (Wilmington) 10,473 tons, Waldron & Koocce report: Briar BUI and Erie Anthracite W. C. B. & O. P. Klchordsou report • Briar Hill and Erie a... f hecond grade bituminous coals... .. Anthracite... lUmminous coal screenings P. Ham reports: Briar Hill and Erie G.C Otoss. ; Second grade .bituminous coals i;’,r-W tons. Anthracite... 1,000 tons. 1.. P. White, Jr., & Co. report: Briar £21)1 and Erie....... VDOtons. • Keno Jc Utile report: l Briar Hill end Erie i Anthracite. Per toi (This firm {» amomr the oldest In the coil ti jJe in tbl« city, bm L* now coioj ont of it ard mto no lumber taeine??. This explains why their nasi cess Ecttua to be so mnea le?a than tn io:mcr yenre.) Holbrook & Parker report: Briar Hill and Erie Anthracite ...... Bloectnrgli Dewey i Co. report: Dtlar HUi and Enc.. Anthracite BJoishrush 31. lioachreports; Astliraclte.. ... D. Hotrle rtport*: Bncr Hill and Erie.... Anthracite Sn-ond coJa Blosybnrah Mortis Cost Company reports, thronch Messrs. Thos. Xnrrtr & Co., their agents in this citT; Illinois (Monts) l-i,2:.-0l ns, A. 0. Warner reports receipt of: Illinois Wiecleb & I ot* report: Illinois (Moni ) Humid & Met tre reports: Briar QIU and Em 8)0 tens. (This fins has only been In operation since ln?t May.) Canton Coal Company report Illinois (Canton) J. G. Hartnell reports : Illinois ............ 2fifl tons. (Mr. Hartnell hoys most of his coal here from Hill & Sinclair and the Wilmington Company.) De Clcreq £ Conner report: Briar Hill ard Erie 8H tons. This wonld rive as the total receipts of the city for the present year: Anthracite Briar Bill and Erie Illinois filossborgh Second Grade Bituminous coixz cron's nsroirr. In connection with this presentment may he given Ibc following lab Te.cartfulJypre oared under direction « f Bon. W. B. Scales, Collector of '.'tus toms, setting forth tbo receipts or wood and coal, bj lake, at ibis port in the present year: Month. Cords of Tons of Wood. Coal. March .. 2JO April 14,481 May; ss,*m dune 16,5'a .£3,176 July 21.372 5;;.7t>) August 20,»10 30,574 September 15,279 Tk3TJ October 13. (TO 7-l.uir, November 18,920 JbJkEI December up to the ith i.ST. 1,7*1 Estimate to close of navigation.. 1,533 I.&W Total IIRWJ 37VK2 TUKILLtSG MARISE ADTESTdtE. Narrow Escape from Shipwreck— X Vessel I'nnble to Venter the Harbor *'a»ts Anchor outside—fibs xtrass her Anchor and OrtfiN Acalnst the Pier— Kleacnefrom her Perilous Position. A Prom the Cleveland Leader, December I'*-! n Saturday morning abont seven o'clock the schooner J. F. Tracy, Captain William Deretv, laden with I£is tons of iron ore from Ogdcnsburg for Cleveland arrived off the hat Lor- She endeavored to enter but was unable to do so on account of the heavy weather, the wio.d blowing almost a gale from the southwest aud the sea tunning high. Her mainsail, jib-topsail and flying-jib were split by the wind,' and she was obliged to come to anchor,* about two miles from the shore, and three miles down the lake Irotn the harbor. Signals were made for assistance, and about thiee o’clock in the afternoon the tugs Levi Johnson and T. »»• hotter, notwithstanding the heavv sea, went to her relief. The courageous’ little steamers were frequently snbraerged ; the waves rolled over them from stem to stern, and it was with the utmost dilficulty that their crews conld prevent themselves from being washed overboard. They made fast to the Tracy, however, and endeavored to tow her In, hu; the Kotter almost filled with water, nearly extinguishing her fires, and she was obliged to cast off and return. The Johnson remained and made every effort to brine: the schooner in, but her power was insulnclcnt to make any headway against the wind. She was obliged to abandon her: the Tracy again cast anchor. About four p. m- the K. M. Peck, a much larger and more powerful tug than the others, went out and succeeded in towing her to the mouth of the harbor, when a heavy sea struck the vessel and the line parted. Both anchors were Immediately let go, and as soon os pos sible the Johnson ana. Peck both went to her assistance. They made fast to her and she was coming In finely, when the Hue snapped a second lime and’the anchors were again dropped. It was now after dark, and it seemed impossible fur the tags to do any thing more. The fccboonersoon commenced dressing her anchors, and although the en tire length of chain was payed our, she still dragged, and abont eleven o'clock went against the Pittsburgh pier- She was made fast by means of lines, which was all that could be done lu the emergency, although it was expected that she would be broken to pieces before morning. The crew went ashore, but the captain remained on board until about three o’clock in the morning when, the sea having partially gone down’ the tug Levi Johnson again went out and succeeded in towing her Into port. Her boat was crushed, davits carried awav, main boom broken and small anchor lost, but aside from these she did not sustain material Ipjnry. it seems almost miraculous, how ever, that she was not utterly wrecked. A SAB CASE. A Tonne and Lovely Vomm Betrayed by a Preaclier—The Gnlltr Pair Ply to tbla City. The Womoxtla &exaed by her Father, bni the Villain Escapes, [ ihc l-ottisvllle Journal, December 5.] North of Indianapolis, in a pleasant Hale Indiana village, reaided a family by the name of Dodo, who removed to HarrUoo County, Id this state, many years ago. At the time they left Kentucky'fur their new home, Uey had a sweet little daughter, who, in the mc ceedirg year?, grew up to be a lovely tnd accomplished woman. Some year or two :£O, a young and prepossessing minister of me Methodist persuasion named Davidson m sent to the village whcic the Danna resided. He was not only prepossessing in form knd feature, but was very plausible and insira ating in his manners and address. Hqbe came acquainted with illss- Dnoo, anrfthe acquaintance ripened to lover-like tatlmicy. Giving the young lady and her parent to understand that his attentions were ff * matrimonial nature, he was received bythe family and friends In the light of an acceded suitor. Time passed on/ nstU about two mouths ago, when the couple disappeded. The fugitives were traced to ludllnaiilis where all clue of their further progresSwaa lost, fceveral days ago. a neighbor of the father of Miss Dunn, well acquainted Vlfh her from childhood, happened to meet larr on Fourth street. Knowing theaoxiJyof her -aged parents to learn her whervalJnts, he managed to follow her without hilself heingobserved,and tracked her to a notions house of assignation on West Green sfost. below Twelfth, where she and her destbver r ' had taken and were occnpvlng a rootni Re luming home, he imparted the discovey to Mr. Dunn, who, accompanied by hiison. mmcdiatcly came on here to recovo the ost, but still dearly loved one. Tbq suc ceeded lu finding the poor, ruined »il but the false minister and false lover "Inin"- wind, by some means, of their presdee la town, made himself scarce, 'The ptr re pentant woman cUdlj accorarmnld ‘her ;ather and brother liome, having realtfi the truth that her seducer never Inteodd to make her a lawful wife. It was wti per haps that the villain could not be fond, else wc would, In all human probabilitl have to record another deed of blood. Tbsrrlng and deceived girl has returned to th<posom of bf r family, let us hope, to erase a much as possible the story of her great so by a life ot irreproachable virtue and oinjufc re pentance. - ( Vicnle Ream, the a;trectlve Wachitigtp sculp tress, who was lately authorized by Cocrcss to make a statuette of I Incoln, has sailed f J Ban>pe to execute hex commission. 7 3.000 ton*. 1,3*0 ion'. 1.5U1 tons. 2.000 toil?. 2,000 tons, l,«yotonj. 2,rrfltoas. l,sootons. 3,TCO tons, .5,131 tons. .IJO’i tons. .. jOJ tons. 8,2*1 tons. a.tJl'l tons. S,WW tons. 4 J tons. I,IGJ tons. 3,(»J tons. .T. 500 ton*. 3,1* Hi ton*. . ton*. . I,II‘JJ tou«. 4,00 t>D*. tjcs. 1,000 toes. .IJ.'T'O t^n«. loai. . QJ:' ltm<. 6,531 tons. 50rt tor.*. 3M tons. .1(52,751 lons. .118.921 toes. . 70,155 ton*. . S3.SM too*. . 23,793 torn.