Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 15, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 15, 1866 Page 2
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arijirago tribune. OAILT, TBI-TTEEKLT AJiDTTEEKLT, OFFICE. No. 41 CL.AER.ST. mere art tsrse fUtlose or tbe Tmcn Inned. let. Smj mottles. Ibr etrealottOQ bj timet., tenues and the nail*. M. HitTn-Wno.l, Koadaya, Wed« Dtadaja a*l Friday*. for the man* our; and the W***t.T.oaThar»d*ya,tbrthe m «n« **j e atoar cornier atdby nevancs. Term* efUe CkkeceTrl^iit: Dally dellrered in the ejty (per *reec> # j- Dally, toniaiirabecrtbm (p»aartou < oaTa* 3 ‘ 3 '' Vela advance) . A _ £l'Wcctly.(per antna. payable ta eekly.(perannum,payabe laadranw) J 4,00 ' tr Fnctiacn pam of Um year at Uwiazae rmttt. CT-Penoa* wmimafi and OMenat five or b>a» corw of Mt»t tb. Trr.wecklr or Weea. SISS A ewca ro ursscsißiaa.—ln ordering the sddrM or yoerftpejs (tumi, prevent delay tPMI} WkUMiaoi TO. tate-WeeUr rafwlat 1 TUIOUSE CO.. Chi™,., in. SATIUDAY. DECEMBER 15. ISOO. A (tIESTinX OF COUttXKSV, In his speech before the Western Aes’ocia. ted Trees, on Thursday lasi, the Don. Erasttis Brooke, of the New York J&preu, had much to ear about the courtesy ehotrn to the El ccutlre Committee of the Western Press In Newlork and the lack of courtesy shown to hitneclf and Mr. Beach by the Chlcaco Vl™ ,“ hich >■« was pleased to tens ah ° f the ' v “ t " Wc suppose mwi “ " uneonrteons and dl-brcd person, but, however that may be, wethtnk t is within the bounds hillty that an equal want of civility may have been shown, even by the New York Associated Press, Wien the Executive Committee of the vl i Um , A “ M ialcd Pres* went to New mnwii ßllort U “ C slncc anil made certain 0n8 ’ ? Ch wcra rejected, end sab ecqncntlj- medc their own arrangements lor the collection and transmission of news the (Thi * I l ',"'' Xe,r r ° rk -Associated Press’pnt forth a statement that the Cincinnati Cbm ti.rrdeland Chicago had been ex pelled Irom the Association, and that one of the reasons for their cxpnlslon was that Messrs. Halstead and White had endeavored “ ,ke exclusively for the the three cities of Chicago, Cincinnati and et. Louis, to the Injury ofjonmala In the smaller cities. The same statement In anb stance was published la the editorial col corns of the New York Tribune, Near York The . ” ni! r° rk J<mrnat of amount. The statement being a firlschood, and being calculated to bring the gentlemen named into disrepute, as betrayers of the trust com milted to them, It tree published and sent abroad, tve presume, as an act of conrtesv «e have seen something of society, both in -V wlork and elsewhere, but we have nev er encountered such refinement ns this, out side ol the organization known as the New lork Associated Press. To brand a man as a dishonest knave, without a particle of foundation for the charge, simply for the purpose of destroying the confidence hereto fore reposed in him by his constituents. Is an eurunic of good-breeding which It would be . dillircll to find, even in the pagcsol Chester- ■ Xoir, what was it that the Chicago Tei "i Mr ‘ Brook * end Mnßeach? this, that the Journals with which Ihi y aicmm'diatcty connected, are Incon tlderahlc in point of influence and pecuniary resources, and hence that it waa fomewhS an? ,r sh ° nld travel '« Hr. and s ul r cr 6 „ m u c h , nco |e[] S ' , ,r ur l’ Me of taking * char-c ol lhe interests of the Western Associated Irt.s, which represented. In the aenre-ate £-~ Lan fc New York AsLuted „ " lut « s tated was correct. It had he reenl of truth, which wa.-entinflri.nt B r Jr .’ , . e “ t of conr, “- 1 tendered hr the AtfMl tcd Press to IhcCouimlllcc of the Moslem Press. We think that Mr Brooks must concede that in the matter of civilities wc arc still heavily In his dent. THU MAGABiI CANAL, Morp than forty yearn ago the Erie Canal connecting the Lakes ami the Atlantic, had become a neceMly. The pnpniatlou of the states upon the Lakes and west of Bnflalo Mate b . Cn TCrJ ™* ll - Einco ‘l*™ a dozen thfnr rt are n™" " P th ‘ Wcst . »nd of the produce that passes through that canal a portion now comes from St. Paul, and from bcjnnd the Missouri River. During these of the in a r L - N ; ,rthWKt increased ID a ratio far exceeding the moat sanguine expectations of the pro .or ,he oanat, and though the whoie country bn. .loco been spanned by railroads, and though the Erie Canal has been enlarged, there is to-day an nttcr lack of means for morice the vast volume of pro ductions of the West to the East. Every railroad Is so occupied that It can increase the price of its belch to ton moat extor tionate sum, and yet he nnahte to perform the business thrust upon it. The canal, dur log Its season. Is occupied toils full capacity. Tlie result l«, that freights arc slow, are nn> certain aod oppressive. The remedy needed Is additional and enlarged means of water transportation to and from the East. The State of Illinois Is about to open up, hy means of eanab, additional route* by which the products of the Mississippi Valley can he moved to the lakes, bat of what avail will all this be, If when those product* reach here, there be no means of forwarding them? A new route to the ocean Is essential. The Falls of Niagara arrest the continuons route by the lakes, and the construction of a canal around those Falls has become a ten-fold greater necessity than was the Erie Canal when first projected, or for twenty years thereafter. There are directly Interested In the con strnctlon of this e*nal the people of lowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, Wlsenn 1 0 , Missouri Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, Penn’ sylvsnia, New York, the six New England States, and New Jersey; and when one steam heat canal Is completed connecting the lakes* and the Mississippi and I.* tributaries by steam navigation, all the States of the Mis sissippi Valley and of the Pacific elope will be interested directly In this great highway to the Atlantic. The nationality ofthework is beyond all question, because Itlsenpply. Ing the whole people a direct road to market where they now have none that Is at all ade quate to the pnbllc wants. Though the work Is one that might appro pnately be constructed by the Government, It has been deemed more advisable to have U constructed by a company, the Government being Interested In it. and having a control ling authority, |wlth the reserved right of purchase atany time. The cost of the work is placed at ten millions of dollars, and at the last session of Congress a bill was passed by the Hoose of Represents lives which provides that a Ship Canal shall be constructed around the Falls, on the American side; the United States to advance onc-half the money as the work pro inxsees, until completed, and In no case pay ing a dollar until a corresponding amount has been contributed by the company, the Government having a first lieu upon the canal for the amount of its advances. It Is not intended by this bill merely to Incorpo rate another glint monopoly to whose exac tions the - public are to be subject -ed, and the bill guards against such a result by providing that the tolls shall not exceed those charged upon the Welland Canal in ISO 4, when they were both reason able and low. The Government is to be paid au Interest upon Its advance*, and, of course, has the right to use the canal at ordinary rate*, besides having the privilege, at any lime, or taking the whole work out of the hands of the company and making ft free upon paying the stockholders their share of the cost, principal and Interest. This bill was passed by the House of Rep rescnUlires at the last session, and Is now pending In the Senate. It is possibly the best bill that can be devised that can com mand a majority .rote in cither House of Coegress, and It Is to be earnestly hoped thst the friends of the measure will stand by it in good faith, and not peril its final passage by proposing amendments that " win embar rass it, or change the favorable opinion oflt already expressed by the popular branch. Strange as U may appear, some of the greatat obstacle* ip the passage of the bill Interred bj Senator. re£reaent- A? 1 "iMPIy interested in the end. Tbsttheeeobjectionsto, thepresent bills™ bcnenly entertained wc do not -dlspnie, bnt tie great Importance of ths work itself ooghtto bo sufficient to overcome objection* founded on mere technicalities and details. Let Western and Eastern Senators reflect for a single moment upon the fact, that the difference In the freights "upon the products of the West moved eastward, and upon the return of Sast«b> manufketareo and Imports to the West, occasioned by the construction of this canal, will In each year exceed the entire ' cost of constructing the work. That la _tb say, ihe construction and s'completion of -this canal around the of Niagara will, in one year, reduce the cost or transportation on tbe products passing to ana -from 'the. West through, that canal, over ten mining 0 f dollars. . This Is susceptible of demonstration:- This la a direct earing of tea\nflu o# Vof tax now paid annually, and doe* noiv ndudo the Indirect sevlsg that will be caused by the necessary redaction of tolls upon competing routes of transportation. The Issue oTaosq. nnal saving of ten millions of dollars' appeals directly to the people of all sections J ibe country, for all, In this matter, areboth producer* and consumers. The Western and Southwestern producer furnishes lb* Etslem consumer, and the • East s'll mauulacturer or Importer rarnlihei the Western purchaser. Botb'are mice Inter ested In cafe, speedy and cheap freights and both In this caao are Interested In the freight npon the articles moving both trays.' i„ . - T “ n > •'>■‘•l saving m ftenlit'. trill be . hundred millions of dollars, and trill be that amount of direct taxation removed from ; ,Lo productive labor of the country The magn.tude oftblsrinvlel^i oppresalre tax * ®°«t t* UtUc value If thic bn ’ ? f ■- can be catrlcd to market. That J Wl , C^ Oat they may demand tadoC» hundred pounds when one dollar would b<Ta JWf compensation, and etUl have aU the transportation they could attend to We repeat that the construction of this Shin Canal, by affording a direct andreamn.W? cheap road to market will - . to the Northwest aad&mthwestTitiK m . petM paralleled. It •}o o .heTbor^“dn^V^dTw..r” S g^SSSSSS - BECONSTBCCTnm akdpm, cc „, c . St ' rcnJ proposes to com mcnce tlie work of reconstruction In North Carolina. There Is, perhaps, no belter point of beginning. It was there that John 2 . bl * tot antomaton Governor and established his first poeke‘ Government • and the so-called Legislature of the Stale’ haajnst rejected the Constitutional Amend* „^ T “ Tot« so nearly nnanimona , Tola ta “"or ° r ratification it scarcely worth mentioning, only one in the . senate and ten In the House Arsing to ac o fro,.v. The Union party Carolina seems to have been sS crashed ont. Its vote in the latest ponnlar election of that Slate was a remarkahhf at hihitlon of weakness. Worth .ns 7?“ -! 1 ' SS£SS*Ms J"' 0 . laW ” “iahlishlng public filing S a f enally for certain offences. It waTweM „„ ‘i at ii" iaw was for blacks and not In thc LeT n . Ulloo f h "-at i= not mentioned tl.o i• S A . C “ I ? llal e was anticipated by tlie chtraliy. They looked forwaidwira lifrtM 1 ” 11 " 1 ' 101110 rn-Miabllshment of tnc|, one of the conspicuous lion “fn °. r , Si i>on in tlie Sooth. n n t . nA deoly their noble aspirations arc trampled f mnit" fl rv lhClrCharltable h ° PCS ara cr «Sed bj military power. General Sickles no order fortidflhjff the coorte to Inflict cor- ' P I Punishment upon anybody. There Is 1 a grra finttoh, consequence. The County :’ Conrt In session at Newborn suspended bnsl Hrt a eo o „irnoT‘^" Ch at lhoW„ lot ., Uu rnP" niggers publicly: at the town whipping-post, It would do ! nothing. If denied this great prero-ative where was freedom»— where the restored I f”'!" tl 'a ) Mosers. Johnson and Seward had I j remised to piaeclnthelrhands? No-lftho ' (|Onnty Conrt must refrain from 1 ;il*: U tllCn o t .' ,Q wficc '“ ° r Jnstice might i Tlh! Lc E k| alnrc was not lenj II rS rend " ? OUrt - Wc tre informed c will send a commission of three men with l Governor Worth at tho head, “to rZr'l i with the authorities” / , toi. lo confL J i i ~Johnson and I vCwnriL in regard to the Hogging question what stntutcs they shall or shall not enforce and deprive the free and enlightened cltlzcM of the Commonwealth of the Inmry of see ing a nigger publicly whipped. North Caro lina con!d repudiate the rebel debt, and even abolish slavery, without protest; bnt when she is asked to give up her, it lo reVTA’ migistrates are to meet to see what ought to bo done. Whether ad , op ‘ tl,c P lan nf Noah Cisypolo and call out the “ mfilngtary,” remafns to be seen. It Is certain, however, that neither f " e ™- w ”‘h, nor the North Carolina Legislature, nor the Connty Conrt at Newt i“ r People of the Commonwealth, wm give up their whlpplog-port withonl 'he °PP° £llion . and the mist pa thellc appeals to Andrew Johnson and Wil «jSo'r‘*rd',to apare tllem "ns last ter rible “ degradation.” Blmiiltu«nulj with ihc neo-a of the re i' c f °°®! 11,0 Constitutional Amendment, It/ sL™ g "? t »“PP>"fP»t Mr. Stevens olTers a bill l n the Hou.e of Bci.rcfunUtivea to oatabllsb clrll govern ment In North Carolina. Evidently life prop. Bute had K tl " ! pcoplo oflhlt Eute bad determined to do all In I heir power tojMlet Mr. Stevens to cnrrvlng throu-h bis measure, they conldnot aid blm more effect ually than they are now doing. As yet we bare received only a telegraphic synopsis of ‘be bill reported by Mr. Stevens. may contain some Inaccuracies; bat, asjnruln- It lo be correct, we most ssy that while we heartily sympathise with the purposes of the proposed measure, we still think the danse relating- to snirrsge, fails to meet the necessities of the case, or lo do Justice lo the loyal population. Iris proper Itlon Is to admit lo the ballot all who have heretofore been quill fled to vote and all otl cr male citlseus at y esrs 0 f ’ who can read or write, or own *IOO. The effect of this would bo to admit all whites who have voted heretofore, however Ignorant they may be, and to shut out, probably, nine-tenths of the negroes; the only class on whose loyalty the Government can with certainty rely. In other word. ■ "... pr ° pcrl - v “ nd educational qualifications -would apj lj exclusively to the bltckv. The cx-rcbel soldier who carried a musket la the ranks oi treason for foor years cmi go to the ballot-box andvole, although v holly incapable of reading or writing, while the black man who fought with eqaal brar cry on the side of the Union must be debar* red If he cannot read or write or is not worth a hundred dollars- This proposition is anti democratic, anti-republican, cootrarv to the fpirit of the age, unjust to the defenders of. the nation’s flag, and, we think would entirely fall to accomplish the end sought. We do not sec how it would place the power In the bands of the loyal men. With universal suffrage, that result would soon be achieved. But with a quali fied suffrage, whose restrictions apply only to the loyal, and not to the disloyal, we fall to perceive how we can look confidently for elections to result differently from the last. Universal suffrage, we believe to be the only basis on which the country can be perma nently reconstructed. North Carolina should form no exception to the rule. "WBO GETS THE PBOFITS f The American q/ XumUmolia, in answer to an editorial In a recent Issue of the Chicago Tbxbckb upon “The Depravity of American Coinage,” brings oat some ca rious statements in regard to the relative values of the one, two, three and five cent pieces which have been ordered by Congress within the past three years, showing an cnoimona profit in the manufacture of these coins. Where this profit goes, neither the annual Mint reports nor the report of the Secretary of the Treasury give any Mnt Basing computations upon the aetusl values of copper, zinc and nickel, of which metals these coins are composed, we get ths follow ing results; Tbe old United State* cent con tained 178 grains pore copper, and Its value was Just cue-hundredth of a dollar. This was fair and just weight. The present cent, weighing forty eight grains, consisting of ninety-fire per cent copper and five of xlnc or tin, Is worth about one-third of a cent. The two cent piece, weighing ninety-elx grains, ninety five per cent copper and five of sine or tin, la worth seven-tenths of a The three cent piece, weighing thlrtj-dght grains, seventy-five per cent copper and twenty-five of nickel, is worth nlne-tenths of a cent, and the five cent piece, weighing 7716-100 grains, eeventy-five per cent copper a»d twenty-flvo ot nickel, is tvorth Just one cent and a quarter. The amount of the coinage of two and three cent pieces la 1865 was 81,183,330, and during the last fiscal year was $1,336,83*. The ex pense of coinage, as credited to the Mint, for the same period,-amounted to $661,501. Of the figures in the case of the five cent pieces, we have no returns, hut it is estimated that they can bo manufactured ata cost Insuring two hundred per ceutprofit. \- s These are not the only sources ot Vroflt at the United States Mint. Numismatists and collectors, who hare bad any with that institution, have been charged the' most extortionate prices. As an Instance, 'bronze copies of the medal awarded to Gen eral Grant by Congressional act, which could bedrock and sold at five dollars with profit, ■'•ratedat'seventeen donor* and a halt ciehl Who *«ts these advantages? Does the United State* Treasury, the United State* Treasurer, or the We hare norar yet seen any which clearly exfttlhlhe direction of tbla.proflt. If the Treasury gets them H is at lea*! * temporary profit. The huiorj f r South American, Chlncae •re leaches a ’ Austrian eolo tbal countries user a debased"”! lc, ””~ noon become tribnnrv i„ fh d c ° ln *<" > very 'l«Iu a pure standard. BnMh?' , W “ ch m * ln sne. The man l i‘ h ™ * “ id " P'Ofilsf A shrew? New eoU thc made a fortune by tondl? j l .* “P'WUI ™>l« Ba iJ" ed *” d «•- silvcr, but the P*-’SCd for vealedlhecopMr iV'! mo "““ r*. bo n sharp SnancUl opcmtloi^'if’s tll,s - m “ T rail, the practice loselmu " , “ b ' »»=■> T ,_— *' OD,SIAt,A HO VINO. VSfcT' bMfcprirenled on behalf of the loy.] men of DBthMCon^w^™of ine existing Government, so-called in th>f State, and establish one jiSSh Vo™ It 1* a remarkable Oct that Biffed by the Governor, J. Madison Well* w? t /d, m T, ror PrM,dent j-ii-oD."*/! of hls POHoy at the time of rcpnUtlon as ?*“»*■ a , ?“ "Wkeln lead at Mr. Johnson, and there Is not now a more determined friend of Congress. The rebels, seeing that they failed to get adndt ted even by humiliating themselves f 07,0 . 0 wHhU™ii ' b< 2f me I lll ' “ much disgusted Tol?u ,’" Wd >™*ttbthem, andthev now declare that they will an th^Co"?”n‘ 0 ? ffl “’ “fo** he has served In ed the ede f* t f ,rmr - 8ln “ the rebels gain ed the control of affairs In Louisiana end thm hli r hi"' 6 0,0 masMcrc of Jnly'soth, J™! h “ bcao a great change In the sentl ments of what was previously known as the Conservative Union party ofT 5,.„ nnS 1 * h,IW driTen “ ll Unlon mcn together npon a common platform, and made them all fr „ Hundreds who were appalled at See are noVr"™, a few montta portcre tZJ , ‘“oos Iu warmest sup. portcre. They see In It a measure of self which they can protect themselves from the persecution and violence of their rebel on anTdre'th. 11 W,U ‘ them ' a ««'=*““■> ofllfe ~ lll.Coogress disregard the petition of the ei <^" d ' crtbct ’ 111o ° ? WIU 11 permit br anew POWCr °T f Louhl “" a t 0 •>= Wielded y such men as John T. Monroe and Hany Hays. In opposition to the expressed wmdf the men who have been true to the flag' throughout the rebellion I Will they tobp rate governments which are only' used “ *, ' ,rum “ , f °f ornel persccntion and murder, against the only clasa who have a nght to demand protccUon! We believe Congress will speedily answer these in quiries In the negative. The whole work of reconstruction has been carried along on a false basis. It is time that the fatal error of giving power to the rebels should be cor rected. Congress has the power, and Us duty , f *' ll ' L <ri such men as Monroe and Hays r?s b *~ k “"f s “oh men aa Michael Hahn, Thomas J. Durant and Judge Howell come to the front.. rrowcti WWTBBN PBKBS ACTION. Ir” rrMa "PccW meet- j The test vote on dirsolvlng their snbordl -irr bc> r York “ nDB ” Mj owning their Independence and equality, that Is the vole on sustaining the call for the Tioue quctllou, waa as follows • «akre iSS!3fH" s aid Jtinctf'fiS. -A At ? _c,e l el l nd toroid ard Plalrdealtr • rhi. Detroit Aavertiter and Pout' To- V r \°,£ i ' rr,mtr^ f Sprlsgbcld Jovruai • Whe«l>nrw fiSSSBE**I I Four papers were absent when the vote was taken, the representative* of three of which declared their intention and purpose to act with and stick to the Western Associated Press, and take their telegraphic news through that agency. Thusfull vote would stand—yeas, 34; nays, IS* But four or five of those voting In the negative have also declared their Intention to be bound by the vote of the majority, and act with the Association In good faith. Wc can learn of bntsix bolter* orsecesslonlsts among all the presses In the Association. Kow look at the relative standing, Influence and circula tion of the paper* which voted yea and nay. The circulation of the former is certainly timet that of the latter. A* matter* now stand papers representing nine-ten-hs of the elrcn lutionof the Western dally pies* adhere to the Wcaurn Association and will take their gent n»l despatches through Its agency. The secessionists are so few and unimportant, as practically not to impair the nnlly, strength or usefulness of the Great Western Press Association, which speaks to and lor twelve millions of free and Independent people. SrPPHAUttIN Xllß DISTRICT. The passage of the bill before the Senate to enfranchise the loyal, jnen of color in the District of Columbia, by the strong vote of thirty two in the affirmative against thirteen In the negative, will give pleasure and grati fication to every friend of freedom and equal rights. This triumphant vote ln4Uc Senate indicates the speedy enactment of the bill into a law. The House will pass it by a three fourths majority. The apostate Executive will Interpose his pro-slavery veto, and then each branch of the National Legislature will pass the bill over his head by a sweeping ma jority, and thereafter, while Washington is the Capital of the American Republic, all men will be free and equal In the District of Columbia, re cardlfss of lace or color. Before the bill passed tie Senate, Mr. Dixon offered the fol lowing amendment, to comfe at the end of the first section of the hill reported by the com mittec: ‘JVorhfrrf, That no person who has not hereto, fore aoied la this District shall be permitted to rote unless he shall he able at ihe time of outline the vote to read and write buom name.** This amendment was folly and exhaust ively debated for two days, and rejected by the decisive rote of thlrty-fonrnocs to eleven ajes. Universal suffrage Is to be the rule— excepting as to those who left the District and voloitcered Into the rebel army and fought for the destruction of the Union. That class of men mnst wait awhile before being reinvested with their forfeited right of suffrage. This Is a righteous discrimination, and a just punishment of treason and wick edness. CfKEENcr Question —Our Washington despatch yesterdsy read as follows : “It seems ImproasaJe thst there will be any measure passed by the Bouse looking to an la create of the bask circulation. There seems to beadestretotake trom the Secretary the power to tsmpcr with the currency, nor do they believe la his use of the currency to regulate prices. In then the indications are that the Bouse will favor the financial policy of On Treasurer.” ' A very important word Is omitted lathe last sentence, which should read “the House will not favor the financial policy of the Treasurer.” The context of the paragraob, however, mnst have Indicated the error'to totdMgent reader. The public will an*, tarn tie Ilouse in opposing an expansion of bank notes or a contraction of greenbacks- fe*7 They have some charming specimens of meekness and “ loyalty” in Texas. The Chrittian Companion, published at Jefferson, in that State, says: “We believe in the Bible as it U, and the Constitution of the United State* as it was. Our fight. If we must fight, is against the Radicals and the Devil.” Again: “ Who is so base a coward that he will not again nnsbeath his sword In defence of constitutional liberty? Shall the fanatical Radicals usurp the last vestige of the glorious Constitution bequeathed to ns by our fathers?- Veteran soldiers, to the frontl March to your tents, O Israel I Im minent danger surround* us. • Organize 1 or ganize!” , Admitted.—At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Western Prem Association, held on Thursday evening immediately after tbe adjournment of the Convention, the St. Paul Tret* and tbe'SUPaul Pioneer were ad mitted to membership, and will hereafter act with and receive their telegram*, through the Western Press Association. Had'those papers been members of the Association previous to ihe meeting ot the Press Conven tion, theywould hare cordially acted and voted with the majority, ibrtbe assertion of the rights and Independence of the Western : Press, - tsf* A cable despatch dated London, De cember 14, ten p. m., printed elsewhere In onr telegraph columns, was received at this office at seven o’clock and thirty minutes last evening, at two and one half, hours, by apparent time,' belbre It left London. This looks more like annihilating time and space than anything we have eeen since ihe elec trie telegraph was brought into the service of mankind. Kc * To[l despatch .talcs on the «thodlj of tbe Herald, that Hot. BeS ’Tt* bundled and forty thomaod dolls™ of Hon. John Iforriaacr at ° made rood some former loaaaa' 11 matter, little to the Itvaotimlle party 'bleb one of IU dUUffifalahee leaders baa Q,U.amo°at In hi. poeh et ; JJlaaUta tb? fbos bo^ o h.~ Tile IHnnlelool Election-. -- ... Elght-Honr Pnrtr— of, the - "cn«>l DuclpUne «ocUo.“' r °™~: bMdce «nd Worecur-i? C * m '- “'•'h Of mite B«wee-IhS r * rr ” -an HI nticn—French a a bT Bletetadt—Tei^ Centre Projected-A BMon Wnnnekte-nt.naun c,unp> -Cenernl Bader** Election. (TtomOarOmi Conceooodent.) ■ Boitoh, December B,lad£. , KIJKICIPAL KLACTIOS, «i„?L ne ’ r h 01 " 1 of d *T oCQcere it to'be' ,° n Tu “*>r neit; hnt thercS-no*] fr ”d™ t Sf'/r 1 lnthe “ aUcr - an<l ttuonlj thefomS “ mp * l d n “>oa far In. been MlilbSo? retirement from tie field ol local Wrtv wo ? l “S“«’'. or eight-hoar r..iaT h i‘ n decided not to nominate a “ “ nd •"« penile,'indeed, U *° for Major, and will deleal him for i^^fsriiysssa:- Chief of dc “P«*Uon of ourpreeeot feetlc. d P i , ’' h ° h “ eondaclcd the de .■=3jHs4Sis'Ss Ton ° P SCHOOL DISCIPLINE. MW .TS a^f^'l 1 ' contest or a somewhat “,* tnr ? 18 ffolnj? on In Worcester— i^?,f h rH h | Cre .lf ”? “ uc b P'°“ ease of outrage 1 Tie ppl ? s . bteldcnt In Cambridge d L° U |r 'Polot to the discussion. A I RebL.i principal eufotsed for the Hhrh was a discinle” of the old ayst?m I °„t , ricl n, e 5 eoOßbly enforced; the scholars r,'" accustomed to be treated like ntloiuf f bclcue, and even like ladles and aentlemen • U took° ih br r ali ’'“••“natural consequence.’ it took the form of a quarrel between -n,. 8 Tcteran female assistant *lhe char?L^?i 6 !^ UUie 2 tbefonner and dla *•!?«?. latter; the citizens Terr eenp. I « toolc tbe othcr ride, and the Renutmean ward cancnses rebaked the committee at! b * «» io«Sffi£“njS «s cs&sras: ssaa s the strugglei goes on, generating a great deal ? ?. alc * ®* Instructions are scattered »be eat, I will aute that the Sujf g^^aariSS Miss Charlotte P. Hawes as a writer we. H-&S « m Mr^V m h S,^| K ~sn^S4^X ,n .Sg I Ike Gall Haoillon’s fa “Sine SspS IS a 2 d h to m 3*miad more dS e^ri^lo^r/cS 11 C all , a , at le “ l S'e £££■ JTJSS 1 tbe l*»t yew or bo. Her last pud laTe, *!“ d w ithln the week the first Du ™kers of three new majrazlnes out of the n.ull'tudew'th which the season ?„m, £1 *5 ® ostoD * ai 'd each sotted to’tha 5" D "" d > " r » srs'lsl das. ofresders-thc I"" Vn° S c ISIiSS 0 ?.^ 1 u e pat%na^ D ln^^^ice* n and°ihe &W<riA r ot eoterprise underthe .ZS “f the Amerieon Tract Society. The odd title ? tte contributions to the iaUer p£ nodical struck me, and tnmlnir * rt 4.»tk» An/7hL ll | e of all Christian wlran And this is the nineteenth century f , ART MATTERS. n™ h r aTe , o, ?. cxhlbitlon bero a fine collcc- Mon of poiotinn by the French Etching ~J“ b * a . D .^ £iiOC a,ioa of wttata who now sen! co?nnv products of their easels to this coontrv every year. The centre-piece of thU collection is, of course, b? Gustave Done • d?ert a » b^CCt “Ch rlsl nioefced by the Sol’ diets," and the plctnre Is i life. -kc„ 6 i ndy , in color lor the artist’s unall drawing for the Bible. Whatore? 'T/oJf i h '?r, l verdict of criticism an Dore’f tte , V e “ cll ' he »1U hardly be awarded the position of a great painter Hi. ind barab color thin. dry rah * TIi F olh er pictures in the cof- KS ts«t «?flsf S3.“Jff- ; by Troyon, and one fljjnre by Corot n 1™ ero i f ( ] nr pilleries displays this week Fhlt« C ° F^ a harvest scene by Ehnlnffer, an artist best known perhaps by SSnJi I | U^ tIoDB . “pie Coorlsbip of Miles copied In photoeranhy. Uls lpma!e t flSrl» inCll, H eShllf * and and seetM to me admirably treated In every respect. . 3 ■ J be t 2l ! * er tw ? t L cadin P queries have been • ccopled by exhibitions terminating in sales SLVS T l * ° nC of \ vario, - v of American and foreign pictures, and the other mainly bv one Var e to P nT'!?h C . th S D IK ”L° r ? l Fmne!, ijtift, “ -.azronl. The prices obtained wen* cencrallv f,'°£ f£?V'} Ct " r \ of BlerS-r n a C boa{ m by two < of The To Semite Val. Icy. without that sensational irUtter which ” DICWt , oi b J* Cfintlncs. brought r „ra obrtaUl W *»«- . theatrical. Boston is to bare a new theatre in addi i*r n «2JL X i pl !s cea of amuse ment with regn -1 i«*£5 eßn, * e ? c ?»PM»ie» constantly em. ployed, now in existence. The nrolerin tn ® t{lution !• to be of moderate size ** wfll condneted on the general nlan of W attacks of New Xork, fVownioJ upon the star'system. The capital and enciSrU supplied by a Boston merchant of dramatic ®. ftnft perial condnct is ,to be entrusted to Mr. John Scbnyler, author and ??J Dlcr i *ss for several years manager In l fe£ J v P tTheatre, (Mrs7John Wood?) I- *Vl w Mr - "• F. Dwight is to *JJ h«J£f„ i arC 'fei Ct ’ u Dd °Wrations will oebegnnina frw weeks, with the purnoae of having the theatre ready to commcnc?or£ ciatlons with the beginning of the amn*£ tnenl season In September,lß67. is to be located on Washington street, on the KX'tS 1 ' ,rn " tbc Boston Ttc.lre .nd . little above, with an entrance on Essex 'h n t "'} ‘JOICW theatres open. cd within the past fourteen months the tH-lnrc oCboth of which was generally proph tbled in advance ; but both arc prosperous n %?A w lboQt viflble injury to the others, and I presume there win p ro ve to be room S7oX?cd" If '“-'^naiv.„d Mß . c T„°” John Brougham’s star engagement here the ? iddle of this week b? JJlff l \ Bck o f rheumatism, which has laid the genial author and comedian on the shelf He Is beginning to recover, however; and the tolfSroK?sn at theßo£ ton is to be filled by the prodnetion of the Da.y version of “ Griffith Gaunt.” which I ■Pf , b “ already been produced In Chicago* i D >. ot^Li ra “ a i^ U ?. n of the novel by Mr. al New York *k« been brought fonV irJr* T? U * e £i ln ; and P romL, cs to have a chief exceptional feature Is W o o* DC ? of J Uie two Parts of GrtfhA Gaunt and Ton LeieerUr artist—Mr. Shewen-and kj the aid of doubles and the stage tricks used In “The Corsican Brothers ”l£m e very Ingenious deceptions arc produced. The Peatw has brought out av a spectacle, with episodes of ballet and song, and great splendor of SS*w V°n cortome i hat the recession of L - 1 Usveeport from the stock com wny has Interfered with the sneccas of the piece, and It will soon be withdrawn." The Florences are closing an engagement of nsarly fifty nights—and as many crowded booses—at the Howard Atbensum. : ' various hatters. Workmen have broken exouad on the Com mon for the new soldier* 1 monument, and a .prodigious excavation Is-being made to receive It* foundation. It Is quite llkelv »i 'ceremonies will accompany the fay ing of the comer stone in about a month. J* 44 quite vague and without definite form. General Butler’s opponent, if he may be relied such—the Democratic candidate for Congress in the Fifth District. Mr. North end—has protested, at the Bute Haase, against the Issue of a certificate of election °?, thc ground that he doea . r s* Jde > “the law requires, In the dis trict be la to represent. The Attorney Gen eral replies that the department'©! State has no business to go back of the votes the people ; and the Fortieth Congress if the qnesUouls c a ni - ed so far, will jive a similar decision. Revere. Cnaeeonzitable Abwacc of a Bllllarl the *£)' Democrat, Dtc. i ] Mt h* 0 ?b« E. pr n , *“ !^ 18 405 beginning tr"be Fol by iJS s^P r friends of Mr. lonls SuViJi billiard pUrsr. of 2!i^l T i*J?Jw hw ia f ety * He has not been iffD 1 fr £ m Tuesday forenoon w . hcn be lcfl bls reddence, on 9l‘? tor } am«nUr la hi* usual A few muutea later he ..*f j *** V' A. Kellorp at the west f. M dr f?’ # ««« brtitr, and that “ Jbe If*' '•£*' fa knoen oi his more njenu. iln. Kellogg conversed wlih him •oout the accident by which be had some time previously shofhfatsclG and he seemed to be cheerful sod in *x collect humor. For l *°o r Jhree day* V was snpjosed that be tnlght hare pone *o Kew York. He had occd talking of ratine that city, but as he took no bapeace or ebaope of clothing, It was supposed U*t hla abaeucc could no: be protracted tuyond * day or two. Eight days have |Ow elapsed without brlnpiop ■uy tidings of him. and it seems to us t bat the alarm, of bis family is fully Justified by the eireuAstaoces, especially as his most in* timate acquaintances in Xcw York and other rftlea say* In reply to telegrams, that theyiave not seen or beard of him. yjf. For carried an umbrella in his hand whn be left home, and Is supposed to hare b:d about one hundred dollars in money la ila pocket "It is possible yet, that he was called out of town suddenly on business, but It is certainly strange that he has not notified his wife, to whom he was warmly attached, of the fact. lagnlries have been made of the • conductors on the seven 1 railroad rotitab liauii g Irom Rochester, aid none of them r^ 1 member seeing Mr. Fox tm the day of fau -disappearance, or since. There art bat few ; ,pcTMmB among Mr. Fox's acquaintance here whjTare aw are that there is anything unac. -cmmtahle with respect to hi* absence, and -Mates them nothing is known that can lead to a-snspldjn of suicide, as his domestic re- I FBOM THE PACIFIC. Jjfiensire Stands In the Tea Trade. *£?££££££ ™ E busso-asem. ClilTECEMira EXPPDmos.. nSfATOKABIiE PROSPECTS. UOn to Ac * u ' n ‘ From onr latest San-Francisco flies we eathcr the following Items of new.; inumi tia nuin>s. (From the Bu Prandsco Tlmea Hot it 1 (Ufidiflf OTtTT ejnrt that w. _ BOt»lll|- S3I #SFSSSSSg Sf »lre imoonern, ihttU was dtm™u cxcln* ofMa!nort“r^iaT^^ rie^“d Jhe tea oyoaedlmhlJcUy TOck * of l *» d ® CTer j zsrss touted’’'or' 'J'T s^>-'. C j|o nP thMS ssisse^lss iS^iW agssSliSs eondmji ™°hS'S «t£V"; & :SaaaS S«?arSS Z.ITEBABT. Robert* n X 5^5 rTIOX n^rrrADX. •unjoDlholaela of belonging to him w** ««*. i \f'n.oo„ Ixfor. ,h. m“2”bXS^»!s’. IISST# two brothers went Joto the homo* liSTl* 2 ** I : - cclher nmll 9 oVi(v>v U,o rr?5 rt * co ' llina ed to- SSl'“i?u'fute'r 00 . “^"iiaSui, •“» shM thee iio tols X'ls"*” ™ s^^y®“*^s3 te^^^v^sssjtDtSs 1 * S?.SS/^Stoo4,^i“S“t a ' msmm§ tSsgS^^sSsfS raas «r r?^^ h{:b^ 0, shall glia the diy is°®i n C 10 *ee Bob shine down on yon s?th2?n?*in V 0Qr IJ b l , “ Bcd SMor *aid, ana 1 feel tbit lie will ki-ep III* promise. • Blessed ■?* jo when men shall mile you »d DenJeiw* *£? ard.h.lW.y ail manner of evil against yon Jefif fe s’ r^°J c f a r d be exceeding clad, for J°ttr reward in heaven.' Yon liavo con victed me, a?.d In all probability you dit think yon tue right. but that dost make It ao WAt JoH? 1 S™* Kol.r of*£,.od£. JodCb of heart* know* la Him; I trust I wnh i° EO feeble hope, bat with a firm reliance oa His IrutW and may too realize the wickeoceii nf* A"? htmotjo? N„V when the troth of mj Inoocstrfo h»d.t«.S ]o you, as It "111 certainly be Inai siTm. ..A? jost God thM rules the earth. Him who shall de fs’lKtbe , ‘Sf row - wfa o th?desamr—dieSi bewailing in yonr homes when the . * nrT <. mid and yonr old parent*, who,but a shot? Uml lo «bamflV blessing, shall codown in scame and sorrow to the fombP The blight or "'" ** J children oerS of TonMriJSiil f rfJJT ,I, * n lnlo th.hfsrt-. Mari Hammock:*' ° I, "° C “ t 01 murder o t nrssio-siitmcix tuxciuph Isl^asssg ESS.;p fSsSSS v r^?L . 'LL san Francisco on the Sid of June, for «K f A.^ h v Cresbe lo**«wia and atom. E»xlsnd^ d Tin?*?*' lT 0 “blpned mere from •Tvi *Z* . ine ™ operator* and consiraclon fbo went nonh on the Onwarf were »* Petrcpalanskl, where they »}ll win haDdrrd *oca of wire 7 and other telegraphic material wai landed. it *■•« •' «f oianto that shoo*.'eon d be ob,ained for storage and other ramose* bnt finally one was procured**f peryiwr (a small cne story house), a good privet emu* tm h»* flr'nT****' *® d asklcg accommodation el*et?hc*e winter, SSoSS m « toU win & SSw*„ w,,hoat toey wiu ne ißCkler than mo*t "TOtatem Ptmu! •*»« fonr knndrod LihahlUnu* tbM«> ra daring the summer, and oght inndrrd mliea of*tte line ,nd baal them alocc the and in bj 6or9 ' daring the winter! J® 4 ntbe abort summer, me poetamay be set and the wire prenoualy laid cat an it t. «J», lA*. 5aJ® fo , naa>,on « {h »» the ahonesr üb* in which the three thonaand six hundred miles of »*» »n be pat np will be fire yeare! ThU bt ioo 1* based on the auspice* N'tuc wholly favor fim* circumstance* arise, the ,»•-rSh % iss 1 1® ,J» , ala»chea cone In contact with the telegraph hue. It would be mn rwt. v to h* ' a,a »aw Behrior'a SKr tbSf^S clb s ? w,lTe cold of winter me oAaa h £JU*,'£ 10 nSS* *° tbe bed of me M“:,iss ! sj b sg np, mo exhibit imnenre reeka. ”m“abl^i^S l4TiF4v»- tend wIUI And now that the lice iST 25T*® a dxed fact, it U not ha probable that im« seuovb Accmnrr to hop* tiuoj. fTroiß ike Alta California. November 22.1 i 2? c £f r % Pmau collected mt* the kites Rosa Celeste wheel Cads UiSSS'SS s^sr^ S.S5* tocwd in tte «SnS wit&S tro£l MfSi xamnlr* u» towjo dock, the parties beiir npon the pUtfom, after eoosn)aioß,appa«ndy. about i=w the Fhcelbarfow in a nhff Ibarrow were scpportedlo Sft ; ld '-/y, rt v ,la ? p»»“.vvtar , Sig?^^g Itol.tton the plKiona, trtea the Lm,Z,?. considerable Jureb; she ■he cieffiMot, bat .11 her In? end they were predphoted to thSiSrSa auemendons cr**h. | n faliinff «... ptilTtr dipped one end of tbe balance toward the croaad. Bill] retain ou* Whca It uracl. It irate m lioThat S.S: ee.bU e~a«d the .boot „ r g* UIL “be crowd nuhed to the Sf,Sm' l iSfa^ K "s ! '" ,1 * M U»hWilS3fS mortally injured. Kennoran «r«« found h»rft* braieco .ndcahhl>rl ! :ht c.r helS «“itoSj OTaplctcly odby the ehMp edieof the ihc?U barrow, and bis scalp badly lorn. H« m.!. to «d KSSretmf hpS .U.Zbotfu f create; that hie Wanes. o«tU pirtiSlT £ hii age and physical coadidon. p; g lily, Celeste was foerd to b* tm i. i r -fi tboerb ber left ana appeared U? be SRS patotetSmiSS ibehtpa. tnolcaunc internal tnjnriea, as VaLi as »fce was able to speak. Dr. Ed T Pt-rklr. r,-, ?! radne Steamship NavJganoa wbo was fortunately passing the clanT at fi-mS meat, was called In and reSaSI »?L ii£L mcK .ecrcloU «Jd to the injured *** aocm4r y arope at Hares’ Para, some ylSn^. b * KOW Bp the San FrandwTleaaJXoreaterl-i Hcimgtbe a oaths of July tL* Umb*r,Um, lb ere passed F« uSSL westward war, mta. I.KJ6 womS. LIU Sr/ *«* “* c* wage**, 2,qwt naic Md these people bad wltb them, U'SI tUeand ijbi pistols. These persons, vayoni and i?T * - Ju? 1 *?? «» wJcS SuieTud tS rliortes tbps; To Salt Labe, La“tt ion TOec. 1,061 children, 6CC wagoasud “!& £ £V. 181 n»en. 110 aad nj t! waron* and SKI im<. To P»n Pnii MMui^« o S t,, ti• 30wa7ooi! S fo »®SwK S «SS: K s3a^-" ?< =® '-sssfarsrTs g-S¥«SSs..ys&VoSss^ S^^,’' ,C r.”' , ‘‘ d 31 *™« To Pori wortb,«nrn, si waffonaand4oarraa C«Tif7r^u Irni I*® •?"» bat mUelni owe fpi thU eia’grttioD. w “ _ ft IITAt)* miTOBXAL *L*CTXO» T , , ft!*** l0 * of p ««wr Kje by the Nevada Z*c<ela(te, m January next, Is a fjreaooeeon claMon-biny-lao of (be flfty-alx xteSlwra of t^bodjMudectedwith that expreS tSder. .I»OMb V th. __ „| DITTOOK OF onreos, Tne Umnitt and the Dallea paper bare both , L 4 Jn Qr _^ r oPSar ?SVand S 2 ?o C f^S?L or - £*«*■«"» Hue iJtSJ *?“*L?P on i ho «mnut of tbs Caa “4a fflmurOrgon all on the w«l and ertetfc at] on the eaat into a new Stala! I Sfflfs ffz&rstsu as? 3 T,h o *™sss3 TIF PIRATE Al.inim, Bnecanrer Senune-. Her • * . Commander* 1 {TeIM > Dec. 5.) House was thronged lost nWht h * b Hiamost fashionable audience thatwe ba-e se® assembled since the war. What rJl r . iPtelUiience, beauty «od IlmltSf e 2« D / ft tbis cily an< * Its Bel ffbbor, r l y represented onlbe occa iion ol Admiral Semmes’ lecture. All that be '“ m y o “W contain were there, and ret i forced to to away without heir inf the lectnre, for. like the apostolic boat the auditorium would hold no more ’ /u,the distinguished hero and patriot, Ra phael Semmes,” who said: * : J 0? beea t°ld bymy mend. 1 hate been Invited to deliver one of a H. B f , i*°ll ect, ?? B v Ev *J7 one Is to be bellered in £l*» »T a ii rt * »bieh.«aay be paraphrased, no one is la bis own art. 1 am not accoa tomed to the lecture room. Othello's occupation •IF25’ - 1 do not propose to touch any political *Bi-leci; I propose to speak ol the history of the Aiabama a* viewed in the light ol history acd American precedents. Tonr Invitation found me a- m> home etsdeavonny to restore onr State to her place In the Federal Union witboat r«mu^{ np Lei honor. A Hale while back we were all ei£ cared, heart and soul. In a mighty war; now we arc enraged with eqnal carn«tn«B in the pm urwi, 0 i pt,ce i , lhe Brc bllccts Ui our revolution left thdr work Incomplete, rheymasl expect to ard despised in their dar. A phi losopher never quarrels with natare. This, iam i b A^£L to coarse of ail onr prominent j“'**{*• lMte *d of gi ving way to melees repin wA. JfhmJSuS; ““ “ d 10 II “■« PSHSSS! d i!! I ?S!?t? ta,la u* msum" J. on record some facts retarding the 1 fptak to-night. I propose to show to yon that she was not a pirate, a privateer, or a buccaneer, hot the recognized ship, wearing tae colors of a Stale, hr iheW of rations. (£ “e lacd an ecemr might overrun a country without de'troylng private property. Destroyingarivate property on land IsYorbld/en. SoffoSa /f£.2r*l£22J oa In ancient times was

are between the Contoder ate and the United b.ates was the Aral between “55 L owa ? •i DCe ,ft e Introduction of steam. A l,b *»* h *d warrant for what she did both Ijhiftifof Mtions *ud of the United states. *-b® ••■ built abroad. The United State* has mode the British origin of the Alabama a constant bbe was built by the Lairds. Go 'erunent enaeavored to con i \i5 t «^! h, V“ at ‘ flr ™ 10 build shins for them. I sir. bcmincsbpre read extracts from -M-. Lalru’s sDt ech in the House of Commons, already pub lislicd andtrvn known.] From this speech Itap pcsjs that before they undertook to build the aft! ‘ B States Government had been In "bb tbe Mena to build gunboats ati'l AlonltoiT. ttc offered better terms-hence the Alabama became a Confederate ship instead of Ji^ri era it TCR f? 1 ' lcfl as a merchant vessel. Uer Confederate commission was read, at.d ber proper fag unfurled on the high seas! •brec the ( orfMrrato had as much authority as the Federal Government. His the commlsMon a‘Ovcrelsnputaonboard a vessel that makes & r A pt i 80 , n . I ? ca,lon Qf J 1 *«rarelgn. Even if a ship be built In a neutral territory she Is paired ?f«K? t a? , r ocM eo ? n f*. eht> 13 commissioned. wasbutlt in vlolition of theneu was a quMlioo between the Uni ted . tatr* and England. From the moment the Confederates were recognised as heUl<retenta 1 they had a toll tight to male war lo every “partlc tdar. The Lolled States acknowledged this In ibe first tnoDlbs of Ihe war. in support of this proposition the speaker’quoted “VaUeL third b° ». and armed that iflae United States coaid tmv ships the Confederate Status could do the rsme. The speaker then quoted Justice Grier's decision in the prirecases, reporP-d iu “Secind Blade Eeporu. laying great stress on the oas reccmtoed“ otneCWtar7 ‘b® Slate should be ilr. femmes entored largely into the history of Ibe tomh Amctiran Slates, claiming that their mnisers captnred prlres and carried them into Amencan potts. to Illustrailon of the fact that !K States were recognised and cnt{. allibesovereign rights of war. Generals T.^ t re and f bennan treated GeneraU Loe and hrJl ™ ? rt^ ce S ,a ofan Allnsloavrea here nude to the drcumslance* of the soeaket's parole, and to the toctlhathe was b?th a« an Admiral and General. Johnson and Sher man treated each other as equals. We laid dotni onr arms ta consideration lost the safety of our persons should be guaranteed. When General nreSi t !r roteL ft. lelt,T R€ne ™ l 1*« h« reSS nired us a« soldiers nndera d« facto Oorerumenl -*3?inf peake j f^5 n y? re ) rt P ar »Uel octweea toe revolution and the Cot federate States. If what nM right when they did it, n ConredctateSUtes did w M right when Jleydid It. The acknowledgment of American independence by England made no difference he. "baiever rights they bad they received* be ranee of their governments de facie and not rfy rfl”"!'* f»in Fcnnlmor. I Cooper s baral History the exololta of Paul I A “ ertcan orlva tears a-scrtnc I that Ibe Colonial privateers destroyed I 5.7 Vhii er s£“K that they bad lew warrant MS bnrnliUMjr p?IS 'saJ&tst I charge on nt as ernes: ,H " T "*’ w ;p<Ktel!S'n d ,r M *., p „r ,,e ' J?VV7 r rt t * ,e Captain Conoln"- hatn. a colonial cruiser, was then Quoted ptrcedet.t of the Alabama. q 01450 as a Charles Francis Adams comdslneH *k.* >k. , S,°°^ t>rale statoa b*d cororolss'ooors is England I SS.teUKSS'SSSi snssssj&sr* **** *-S3S Hot It has been charred that the Alabama bad f °ivlCT,enr on bosrd-a««ertlnr that thU was no raM obkeflon fit.™ P,„I .Im "hS , ™ tI 'Z crew on board Ihe Bon Homme Richard. uey I The speaker conduced (hits; The Alabama was not a new construction, save that she was a I I*. Fnmufn hu, * E^ 7iari,e ' l a rood many Alabama* I Wha * opr "Ires did their sons may £s,*, ii?.S ,fi 1 e T ceoeratlont the hbtory of Ihe North I 1 T ryo,, ?, e ® onUL Bvtho philo«£ I P?T t 01 hl*tory lam willing to be Judged Jr the I philosophy of history embalms the atrurclea of the Colonial Stales, so will it embalm the strop. Sl«tf f, i bc .n oofed ,'? ,e Bt r*“- If u recordsapl I prodngjy the explol-s or the Surprise and the Ho bama!’ eo.wlll u record (he exploit! of the Ala-1 ALABAMA, Goremer Patton's Special *Tcsa«~e PotmiDc Ont the Neeeaalty of the Con* itlintlonal Amendment. The following la the full text of Governor Fat ton’s message recommending the ratifica tion of the Constitutional Amendment: Extcxrrm Dn’r, Srtn or atjh*. i r December 6, tswr’ f aSS?“ ° f - Le h”** o “ d Eoatt °* K*pre#oct- , °P^r t * oow transplrine 3i 5v 7. # r_' Tllh peculiar force upon the relations W x Cl Ji^* b,m * AOftalns to tna Colon? 008 I a Jnf^.T®? 18 T e ®“ not *» IndWVent. They fh7ma MbS*is?aV I m2 e,M ‘ tLat we gire’o i7i*7r??« a ft- <lcllb ? r * te «»as;deraHoa. 6 I as the Chief Executive of the State. I deem it • I DXs °rr the Constitution to express in form I the apprehension, which yon doubtlois share *»lih I “*•tbe stability oTa&lrs be «S2n"VSokS U P‘ There Is an unmistakable purpose noon it* I part of those who control the torriionf*' at 111 !u * lrt *' litch ow “ term of te»- I 5 “*“•» ltfy propose, threaten to •( once re -2*t^£sE. 5 ,2r e * i towariihe establishment of which u so much dc m^rhViUS,^ sarssasur K S? W lo U “». C ? r ?.™Ei l ‘ clp "; of «*tot.Uoi. !55St«i“ .m»d Sat «“> I tmanw "S joS ta% SSSi"““: j Upon the meritm of that amendment, my mews known. They are founded uponprS a pie, and are cnchsngtd. i°* tbe case, l Am now constrained Sfflkn*g’ffitaS' ““ m,d lMt «• •scats itself, or such other measure aa year wit. <3c “ suggest. Should yon see proper to it, and ourfun restoraiion shoold Slioar 0 »c nay trust to rtm e and (he Influence of our re> resentatirc* to mitigate it* harshness. If. on the other hand, admission be delayed, the wamlnp to I ss.™" «uS»fSoT!s!feS ,b ~ ts!‘rSss“ THE sEff YORK CENTRAL BAXL BOAO. Abrtrart of lire Aunuol Report. From lie enimil report of the New Tort trll 5 . B * lro ‘' d Com P*nj for the jeer S 2? SepKmber 30, ISOO. we Uke the Ibl lowing’ Items of Interest • ,tock shiMo??*™ Engine#. Ko BSS.CB Car# of ill descrtptiocil’so Too* of iotml earning#, Tott) txpciuej BEETHOTEC, A Gteate at His Letters. tCorrcMndoa SpriajteJd (Sim.) RepabilcaiLj Pl.„.i _ December 1, w«a« afffitSS 0 ? f” e -ended. • -JJ ! *? look Into » book and former 1 ! 1 t? Mt ‘ntereating among the It M “f«ten of Beetho ferinc Uf, wMeh {»-• worried, wearied, ant grand tSLS, S **' ! J . rer eal, with a few Vbionrhh*’" ■J’ he ™ l ’““h thrilling nuuteT « ?, hnm * n .- l° a 'mnsjoed the wifr .1,,? dnarrellmg. with hiaSrothcr'a -■erva^tZdfr"? 0 * 5 . h “ a * of rebelliona leg t f r 4f publisher*, and coai elftOtonfef? U lv* ! . lcl “Chare the prin- Coinmn,? 111 ‘i" 3 * two TOlnmea of letters. c ■ d£ al threatened withblind * and neccaaitiea of hia grtil ’ il ** not wonderfn’ that the nrritt .-^’ll o3 '' 3 became irri ble to a gwnb. All thh diacord, and toe eternal 6li"t?t^ CT ““ding In bta aool: all these i.nT»-*?" " e 80 conscious of his innate no !>“*,?• a letter to BelUne von Amine, oc«?£ Tta describ es with amusing pravity an 2SSS n on *Ucb, « Goethe and hitiieir i» «»>z/ r,n *° arm, they met the royal faml* •2n!?EJP® cllto * : **Goethe withdrew his arm stand aside, and. say i would, I could not prevail on him to i an ® thcr step io advance- I pressed b »t more firmly on mj head, bat i m ? Great coat, and crossing mr 1 fXl** 10 *? e * l made m l***throagh the thickest portion of the croud. Princes and i ? { ornsed a lane ior me; Archduke ' gQdolph took off bis hit, and the Empress me Tbe »e areatonea of the t*J?Z ,V CW mc - To m T infinite amusement f the proceaeion defile put Goethe, who S^£Si Mld ? V lh “• hat off * bowing pro fonndlj. I afterwards took him sharply to • SchTre? - ' Ifi4Te tim 110 <inarter.” WTiat another time, the German court, with characteristic deference for rank, had given a decree in Beethoven's favor. under an er roneona supposition that the Von In his name Implied some claim to nobility. On the mistake being ferreted oat by his oppo nents, the court meditated a reversal of the decree, and summoned Beethoyen before them. Imagine the scene; that soul en trusted with the secrets of the very harmo nles to which the worlds more, and worry ing himself with this lawsuit, merely fbr the 1 sake of carrying out a benevolent purpose to I his relative. The petty sycophant of place approaches-to shout in his ear, “Where then. Is tout title to nobility ♦" The master lifts his lund to bis heart-and brow; “My nobility la here, and here I’* There is no finer strain than this In sonata or symphony. But he goes home from the court to I be immersed in the ' same mosquito I swara of petty perplexities. Grand(?)l •mm? i? ft Btarv , e ? n half pay, patrons J withhold his promised pension, publish- I era steal his copyrights. r Tt Is too much ” I he writes. “ Genius should bo left to work I out its conceptions in peace. Bat at pres ent we must haggle, and set a price to great I works. One needs to be half a tradesman as I well as an artist.” Oce letter reads: “Do not forget me, poor, *ormented creatnre that I I am. Often the letters end Jocosely, bat I never in qniet peace. The letters to the I ® ra ® d th eir compliments and I multiplied T. B. H.’s, are tiresome. One or I two notes to women, espcclaUy those to Bettioa Brentano, not only Interest us, bat throw a shower of light upon the artist's I fbaracter. Here Is an extract from one: I “What happiness I shall feel In wandering among grove* and woods, and among trees and plants, and rocks! No man on earth I can love the country as I do! Thickets I frees and rocks supply the echo manlongtj , charities were not conflned to ms kindred; two or three times each year we find him siring charity .concerts or pre paring symphonies and operas to meat some one b need. Any return for such service he resented as an Insult. The greatest part of h lltiea ““ose from anxiety regarding a thriftless nephew whom he had adopted. tw°«.°* f #M thrltt , , s f4 brother, whose worse than thriftless widow interfered with all Beethoven s benevoler.t intentions. After re ceiving an expensive education, and drawing Inconceivable turns from the sick. worriS ranestro, the nephew boldly breaks away from his authority, and is recalled dn a note as tender as a woman’s: ’p ?Mi h AfZ7orX JS? word of honor you shall meet with no rem-oscS. from roe, which, indeed, could no longer avail You need expect omytte most dhcUmti Sni ind B*»l»Jance from me. Only cornel Com# tr> the falihln] heart of your father, _ e , .A 1 " 1 M 1 * lMt y l **™ word^Kta^ 0 to'fo £« r *«’ in bid weakness, “no easy matter for him, a codicil for hie nephew’s benefit, tt.c crrat soul of the master passed out of dif-cord into eternal harmony. “Next day at noon, he lost consciousness, and a fright f"! ocath-strngglei bciran, which continued to the evening of March 28, 1827. when n, , .H 1 ?^«r iole Jl l Btorm of thunder and l|cMnincr. the snblime mjcstro paid his last tribute to that humanity for which he bad made so many sacrifices in this world, cnt 7 lD .to life everlasting, which, from his l"or= h„pcfu,?;: CoU ' d look forwari «> TV ESI POIKT. Ecport of the Board of Visitors. EiunlntUom of ClaiMa-lmportani fcuscntioDiand BecommemUUotu, i _ „ . _ West Ponrr, June 19,1566. e °f.^ s^0r8 » incited to attend the as -5.9*}, oi the Military ASSemV it Ir j St V', n *' a 9 d *° v*»»lne Into “the actual stale ~ “ I „ n ! r#ir ®» “d other coneeriia of the tnslhn^ ( J on.vK r S? Ol,re ' p " ,r “ «*S“iS. Upon mrrltal of several of the members of s-* ta si tailed hero. In commemoration of the evenr and as a t"kcn of their respect to ikmoefflfc cead. and of th tr deep-felt sympathy with the nahon’e prlef the BoarrfadoplcS seriMhfJeS! tbfT h^.h5 1c1 * ai ? bcre i rilb submitted, and which tbry desire may be nnde a pan of thla reuorL 011 majority or the Boirtlwarded P a ° West Point on Monday, the 4ih Instant, and mart,., temporary oreaslratlon. The remainder of the tte pub Ic buildings, grounds, Uhrary and scien nni a of‘Sa Co^'"? On the stb instant, all the member. Intcndeat, to attend the examination of the Sr.* lf T P"*<«ita: »t ihe time time “ pSSSf&SSEISS ”Z SS“ • SSVSS? 10 •“ d > ihl^/- c ; lleral arranpementa for the edncalloa of the cadets, as dc\-clopcd by the examination, are Mktbtactoijr. The Professors cive their enure fitness for their posts, and theaa»lat -11131 Insunctors, with few exception*, seem well for thf lr responsible positions. The subjects embraced in the conr-eof start* ssssagsss'MS'S K»:t4s-sras“->' siSSSa-sfeil'# Itpqccnt In dntj ♦,r 0a, ‘ loed ®* manner JifffsSe£ e KaSSS J™P*. r accuracy of information, tnthba? atonal mammal Id occa* SK'.r.isMro'.Vng't.r'' tS™ appointment of isUUuu lnitrn«ot? B lnrt j£jS® -|SWiM d 3!^TSS"£s studies. bnfflclent time has not been dcroted^to ft u !^£ orUm . bnuichM Of miliWrr edacafbn “ liitllliii £?«®* b *«inamtancß with stratcirical and tacit •" ss ifz Wa^SSS^JSg^’^^S: ally oi the mo*t common tind' In riew af^tnl of these sciences; the Bo£d woUd sngffest an appropriation by CtacnautS “f le ’ be n««wary additions to the cabin* if “ s^, r J u ' l «d ecological specimens, ae aSo t°tn?f of the sister science of cnemlstrr In the JE2“« »f “« mlxna S, hSS’ were ci'en with the precision and accuracy which a sslHB jga&af sr*s& s-ifas * were creditable, alike to pupils and profeesonT ffl .Wwea.ii* commendable in dewol tha g SSMw?3s£!i; scares d «on!d now notice more partlcnlarl* «me oi the errors referred to above, andmalreinca Msgestlon* as msy occur to them? Therare faITT conrlscrd that the system or appointment or as lection. Thctmn of aerrioeoftbe aasieiant tifrw ftssors U not fixed by taw. Prior to ISS permitted an officer to remain here as Jomr aa he cave satisfaction and was himself satlsOn) with «r^i f S5f“ the tKxorabledemandjof war, yttthe Board regret to ary that, indeoenrt ¥ c^ 1{ necessity, there la an cUdent crcaae the term of service of the aaaistam tnatmcl Um ibStSS*!”® 1 / lnj F rtss the coarlc* iht D A^ oepirtmenttof irslmction at ♦v- i 1? 'iHda- rreit diaadTaniace* in the difficulty of obtaining the acmceeW? “t prafessore, of officers 01 tne hlriaest irrade of "? or *to*e who iSs dShl? S?rt5 efl y2lP h of L toe 10 them itut lorSeat J“i£? !«£-• taaebt, ana Hut practical expen ote* In teaebis;. which are absolutely secesearr to their success aa teachers. It is a nlstaketh ■oppose that any officer who has fredaatM afthe t A o?° e S aceqoiU£ed 10 «tli,lilcJtS^ «Jn .?. 2SSi£ aT S “ •ptaess for teaching, aa well aa a capacity lor acquiring knowledge. tad these qualities, without an actual experience of I^uithlpapu? lc null Now that peace U restored, and the service* of t° l^ tiniTtd r *? fl eld, 11 I* to be t^, h l*f rTia , or 9 °f l bt biyhest abCUy and fltew nil! be selected tor duty, that a Bach freap r decree of permanency will be eieeo to .ejenriadaceahretcoaaiv. tat with the service will be offered to them to bc- S? n *J Bt S r S^a to * 16d deTOt#d to their dories. Toe Board troald not attempt to cWe aßT«oeci»l , term of bat thee are of the oplnlootha: assistant instructors tbonld be retained at least foar y an, while the pr>ndple assistant profes sors coaid advantP'reoßalyfbe assigned to duly for a I oncer period, 'fin; academy wo aid then, ther are satisfied, reeel re the benefits of mater expe* pence and proficiency, while no detriment would follow from the occasional absence of the profes sors. Tie annr and the coantry would thas se* enres larger daw of accomplished officers, ana tie system of rotation would bring oat any peca liar merit in the instructors. Care, hoverer eboald betaken that the officer should not be tained so lose btn bis corps as to weaken his sympathies for his profession. It Is worthy or consideration whether it woald cot be well to substitute. in part, written tor oral examinations. Itwnnld throw each one more fully on his own resources. compensate for anr I lack officcccy of speech of some, and the natural tlmldit* of otters, and relieve the professors from any tmpoutJons of favoritism or prejadico, and from th<- almost Inevitable tendency to a>k lesd ixiiT Question*. htoruoeer, in that pan of the ex imitation which condoned to be oral, tt ta sac rested that the questions shield be given oat to the cadets by lot, thereby ins army more last! cc m the distribution. As bearing open the morel training of (be esaets, the Board are of opinion that It is etni cei-ilr desirable that the chaplain of the post should not be a member of the Acaormic Board. In such an Institution as (his, »Ith Its strict "nr* Tcillance aca rigid discipline, tl ere is in iatrmric incomcatlutily between (be position of a pro fessor ard that of a moral Icrrcctor. For the efficiency of the latter, theieahonJd be a freedom trom coLSiremt, a mntnal confidence, and a cor. dladty of IntC' coarse, which cannot possibly u Ut under the prejeat axrasyeaeat. Ihe Board • WMjb? .*11£96.?55.fi8 . 1C33,01LU axe painfully Impressed with tee fhet that than I* no piovblon made for religions instruction, with (be. czreorinn ot public service on Hun .lay raorn tupt. Tbeybelievethat His entirely comp ill hie with Ute a.* i eai attainment ta It* art of war that thi: rubier should he carefully taught bis relation to that Bcirf who guide* In war, as well as in per.ce.and vUh wLom la the des'iny of individuals srd of nations. With (bear earnest convictions, the Board would resieetetlly recommend: First. That the chaplain be reheved from aea demlc duties, in order that be mar derate himself exclusively to the moral and religious training of tbecaueu. Stcood. That be he required to hold daily. In tee i hspcl, morning piaycrs, upon which all who choose may bare the privilege of attending. ' Tllid That be be required to form a elaaa fbr billies! in* traction ou tb; Sabbath day, which the cadets may be earnestly innted to attend. Fourth. ILat, as as additional Inducement for the {.roper observance of tie Baebath, aU military dntles be dispensed with on that day, to far as it is certified with proper mill) try discipline. The Board are unaolmonaiy of opinion that the corps ol cadets could be advantageously lucres** rdffomS93(tbe number now authorized by law) to 4LO. For this number they are aaenred by tbs Superintendent that there would bo ample bar neb room, with very email additional expense and slight Increase in the number of a*«t«tan{ |q. atructon. The records of the thow that lor four yean, between 1656 and JSBU, the graduating classes cumbered an average per year of thirty five and a half persona. In outer words, we have the mortltylng fact that ta a of thirty millions of people, there la ■nnniHy but little over one graduate of the Military Academy for each million of the population. From the na ture of our Government, Its extent, the peculiar character of oar frontier settlements, sad ue pop alar prejudice toa large standing army in time of peace, inete !■ a pressing necessity for a larger clara of thoroughly educated officers, competent to serve in any of the different staff corps of the army, cm emergency or the demands of the ser vice may require. The Board would cheerfully recon>mend even a greater Increase In the number ot cadets to meet the Increasing demands of (he service for educated and edetmfle officers. If they believed IS would And favor with Congress. There -appears to be a constant effort o-. the part of the Academic Boaru to enlarge the coarse of studies, even beyond what it was when It extended to five yean, and to Increase the size, number and sub ject matter cf the text books, in the opinion of this Board the coarse should be reduced at least one-fourth. The effect of attempting to teach too much must result In Imparting to the cadets but a superficial knowUoge ot the dlDereat subjects, tmd in breaking down all those who have not had the advantages of a previous college education. The attempt to make West Point at once an ele mentary school, a high school, a scientific school, acd a school for the application of all branches of science must delcatthe object of Us creation. Looking to the future, and conaulflng the Inter ests of the service and ol the country, the Board 'S«i JS2 1 b * »PPropriate legislation, will provide, at no distant day. for the establish ment of separate schools for the application of 1 military science. In order that the institution at West Point may better fulfil the object* and pur -1 PO»«»of Us firrl organization, and become the I great military scientific school of the naltoa. It would oe well for tu to emulate m this respect the Ff ¥ Cf «v wh0 * a subdivision “Aft® *acnnflc.poljrtechnjc and (acd cal schools of rat Is, St. Cyr, Betz and Vincennes, b«* greatlv promoted not only the efficiency of her armies, put has more rally met the demands of the nation lorceretal scientific and tactical education. The Board are of the opinion that the military education of the graduates at West Point might be greatly improved by obliging them, after grad oadng, to serve for a period m the oltferent corps of the army. In order to enable (hem to arolv In practice the which they have acquired fh.» 5 Aca » emj ’- *• accordingly recommended ..rV*. e f be required, immediately mi their leaving West Point, «o enter one of the regiments of the line, acd serve at least two years before ibeybeeome eligible to appointment Into the engineer or other staff corps of the army d i. eod obliterate the unkind feeling and animosities which exist between the different corps of the army. era “ Tbe Board deem It of greater Importance to talse the standard of oualificafion In the cadets .considerable extent their deficiency In scholarship in some of the lower sections U obviously due not so much to wans of natural pitta as to de -5S l "9 *? Pfe/ions preparation, fhe standard for admlssionj to the Institution la now ridicu lously low: the most ordinary rJ*«slrr>l acad emies and high schools demand a fuller coarse of P KSV°? l 4 tn >» reQoJred of those seeklnTid- Folnt The Board are of oplo* ion that the standard of admission should at least be so far elevated as to require the ondidajS. I ,u ept to spelling, reading ami !^* ! JPA to be thoroughly acquainted wlthde- IS?£!i *®°paP b 7 « taught in our public schools, arithmetic. the element* of Gaulish S??™ *«d the hls’ory of the United bteles. . f 2 ,tcra „o r appointment of cadets . 7 PoMcal considerations that the *y* te m of examination seems ti the w ? nte rT- Dec , WB " 7 10 aecure a higher f^^ dof VafiHra-lon, and they *nuld suggest «bat the members of Congress, instead of recom perso? f °r each vacancy, nominate a considerable number of candidates desiring ad- SV.*. , 00 l ? toe Military Academy from their Con * 11,41 toe perrons so noml -2f r ?. he t rP^°l r * d J < ? enbmlt themselves to a ot Examiners In their respective districts, to be designated by the of War In rcsoect m their cdncaaocal quallflcadons. tbelr meiw and to p to physical cocdiUon; and that fit P f£;° C £i?. COmD]e, ? de d b J (aid Board as ine the best examination receive th-» «n S tSSJ?i m . etboa ° r appointment, of pCTlodicaLy a healthful stimulus J® 84(11 Congressional districL Ibe double effect of promoting the P°Pblor education tbionghonl thecoun *rF, acd of securing to the Academy the choliSt there*wonllf “to”*. Under such a competiaon there would no longer bo any difficnltr ahnnt ratelng the standard of qualifications. The stand of *“ °'">«co'd, bjVSc SS, the r Se?hi '. b^i° n . *^S5f rtl>l upon toereappears bat Utile ncce«sltyfor irM» 4 f l S ire,l ? c^u woaJa 'vammt. In the Sion 4,d J* 1 * system of demerits might be sislssss; ‘ts" ss. ur.. In a *^. # controlling mo hloh-itlndcd „Js' mi Tciirj L'f tls academic position. The Board re,* MCilnlJysrhmlt that inch • i 4rt _TV* I 1 "' !*r«once an™. nm e nTiS " b “ ifdemcnU ?® Bnre dl/. , cenam cu.i , s this exception, we are unable to » Pto!*® 1 hl «n state of dtratplta r iTTr?in?.Pi toeXcademy could be improved ■i ,^ C I fn L blm to eccb 4 >««lli>iS i, to i n S preservation of the many inter iSln“bte?, t ff 8 „ a 5 d K?P Ut> « ofS^WSS sislSimii rengiy recommendeded as necoaatv * fn* ® measures. Wo concur In ie rec- D l he -tofp r e made as to Ihe neS mo !P • tillable locaUon. and for the mcf«y m “ d of the cadebp itsSSSr'ISS tee Board feel authorized to apeak In e behest terms. The Institution Is earned irlnctnees, and according to thy most Prtocinlcs 0 f military dUapliae. and the® aiSSSSIiS ibe institution will be atuined so ftp it .d ? a>Uo“S 'SSSSdfiS Board feel constrained to sttgpest that the selection of assistant instructors. In the orccm.ntorrules acd regulaUoM lorthi “1 & deoj?oM°of TS « h L° M u rte “ lr '»“<S s££ rftZ c P° nnf# of l^ e Tfe »»nrer of the Milftarr ?£ p^r ,0 ■ccnrateiy and eatiaCictor? exnlb, t» toll and particular f l anSlj?nJ J f*P Tß^ 4nd under hm^°^S° and are hlghiy credtiahla bat officer lor neatness acd eacttSihi tllon of the Board was naturally attracted bv ate nnusuaf charges <njc<r ihk iTtfr r °/ bteg. sabel.tecce, books and ftetteneV/ «?t rn»e of furxJture, cooling utensils, and* . or >, r tFV", « >»« -u»e. m Stlhu ?f SI ••ball, fuel, caa, the wages or the aervaßtjL tfce pay of the purveyor of the mans K; «SSSiS“ “ f “» 2.“ iJ*T 01 toe tect that the pay ofcadeta is 1/adequate to mcetalubeneoMKarrdeSSds ddt.! B p£fS?*w* ®oanl thltsktS7ihe^S dd i>e relieved from many of the ass«m»iits e upon them for incidental cm«)lSrh2^i ?**®to r ai ce of the band tiatloned at West ijind would recommend that this band be fd upon the same fooling, as to oav ««< iataects, as tee bands itatioteda: any offi my point. It is cnltea* necSamr. id »tfanee and aagnltade of West I*olat as a my post require tee eervxea of such a nen as azyotter. 1 ‘to” 3 « toe mess-commons seems to indent in quantity, and reasonanly good in vy, but lacks variety, especially In vegetable*. . comptalut} exist, tad with eoae apparent latlon, that the food is imp*opetlv ed acd very badlr served. Ibe •metite are of tee rudest end most primitive , Urge mm kam« being mainly employs*, ofice cooked in teds way is so blackened teS 1 ncUhcr tee appearance nor tee taate of cof- Fresh beef of ncellrn: coalitr la rendered Eatable and unwholesome hy tMs method of ng.fiom which tonpe are maoeand s-rred » same day with the meats. It Is a well m. bed tact in hygiene that fre-h mesa ara rvn. mote palatable, d! eallbie and outritlosS roasted or broiled than when cocked br tar process. Soup sbonld only b« occasionalir « a diet, and teen made from such meats mot be used lor roasting. Digestion a accomniiahtd when tee stomach receive* in a consistent and soMd state than 1 when too much expanded In a liquid form. We ItvHe tbesenoos attention of ibe Government to tela subject of food, inrolvlngas It does, tee fu ture health and eacfalcesa, and perhaps the Uvea ot ibe csdets. We frel ectircly sahafied, from tee assurances the Boa.~d received, that from the good sense and Serßemihlylnatmeteofcbe cadets, they will In iefctnrc,oi teeir own accord, dbcontinue the cruel practice of “haring” the plebs or fourth class, during tee period of tee encampment at least to such an extent as to readerttleasal«cn*i l;ab!eto themselves and lees atnoylng and'cruel 10 their unfortunate victim!. Fit ally, as touching aU question*, aff-ctiag ail heart#, at.d promoUra of every good, tne Boatd would urge tee more * constant Itcclcaaon of that broad and vlmi patriotism w-hlch has brrn happily defined to Indadc “aU the chart lea of alhj ibe Board were please Ito sec the accuracy with which tee formal powers £li C,i sV f to® G«««! GoreraotSrwSrS hr some ol the aecUonaTbut that something beyond Ine cold, skele- Sf toe constltcUon should be pre- among the cadet* a fervid crattPoa* r nationality. Avoiding tee narraw P*«T a»d toe ‘blrternesa of ssswi tie ttagnlcnde of tee stake fur which he might be not country fa) tMtSTe, bat eqniTly bound (o itriTO, .wilhafi tbaabifitylhat Qod bn giraMm, to 'mate ber eealano lardy In peace, s All of trnfcb la reepoctfnlly aabmittod. Ltwt» PaaaxM, Now Jersey, Fret Ideal of tbs Board* JoiorKnraxa, Vermont, . Secretary oftbe Board. B. J. Bassodb, Virginia. 3obm L. CiMraxu- IctUioa. Jixn B. Inn, Kraincfcr. Wm. F. Jokjmtos. Pam*7iraela. B. BUtlMlppL 8. W.J-ca«/TenD*Bice, Vfu. 8 IcCixur, Delaware. Jomr O. ScMm, 'Wkcosals. Join A. SUt-Ttir, Kanaaa. ffl. Marti*, Fiend*. AjmiK Man. Tem. J W. Umam, Orrsjon. Josztb N. ttiinDk. HhßOil. JoflLUi Shott, Arkansas. Josh D. Stxtemoh, AlUsonrl. Tnn»i« Q, TciBIB, Bhodd Isl*&d. IHE OCEAN YACHT RACE. Description of the Teasels. The -An. Exciting Scene. fFrom the New York Tribane, December IS.} Yestcrday.the 'great ocean yacht race, so long talked ot so long theorized on, so long donbted, was began. The yachts Henrietta, Vesta and Fleetwing, ol the New York Yacht Squadron, started on a voyage across tbe great Atlantic. The following Is a des cription of the contesting vessels: I Tbe Vesta Is owned by Mr. Pierre' Lorril- I lard. Sbe is of ‘2Ol tuns harden. She has a I length of keel of ninety-eight feet, and of I deck 108 feet. Sbe is a centre-board boat, I and Is built of white ouk,-white chestnut, I hackmatack and locust. On account of tbe I ocean race she has undergone tbe following I changes: She has bad anew bowsprit fitted I to her, which is carefully bolted throngh | ont; her boom has been shortened six feet; I her main and foremast have also been sbort | ened six feet, and she has had twelve feet I taken off her main boom. Sbe has taken on I board an entire new set of'sails, as also an I entire new spare set, in addition to heavy I weather sails. Her rigging is also new I throughout, tbe whole nelng made of the I best Italian hemp. She wul carry a new I life-boat, and several spare spars will be se cured on deck by ring bolts. Sbe will be I steered by a patent wheel apparatus, I and in case of this being carried away, sbe has spare tillera which can be fitted to tbe rudder bead. She has also a patent water anchor, which, when thrown mto the water, opens as an umbrella, and will bo of great service in heavy weather. Her forecastle accommodation has been Im proved so as to be comfortable for the whole* of her crew of seamen. The Vesta was launched only about sevemnonths ago, vet she has already proved herself of no mean capacity as a racer, having won two ocean matches. Her first race was with the Wid- I £ con In September last, from Fort Adams to Block Island. In this race, a distance of | forty-four miles, the Vesta was obliged to allow her opponent seventeen mlnntes and five seconds, and being ahead of her sixteen minutes, she thns lost the race by one min ute and five seconds. Her next triumph was over the well known Henrietta in a race to Cape May and back. Her race with the Halcyon, in October 23d. was one that creat ed no small amount of interest in yachting circle*. It was to New London and bac from Sands Point. In this race she was like ntes *** w “ ner “bT *omo twenty-eight min- THE BETOIETTA. This yacht is the property of Mr. James Gordon Bepnett, Jr. It will be remembered ehc did Rood service against the rebels In the sounds on the Florida coast. She is a keel boat, and la of beautiful model. She is of -»5 tons burden. She has been most care* lully prepared for the present race. Her bowsprit has been shortened 16 Inches, her lower mast 7 feet, and her main beam 6 feet. She has been furnished with an entire new cacg of ncglng pi Italian hemp, and also with new fore and aft stays and ribstays of I ttotqnaljty charcoal wire. Independent of which she has been provided with an extra forest ay, which comes into the night heads. Her Übstays are donbleand of SJf-Tnda wire: her bobstay Is of wire, her main Spring of 4-tach wire, which will prevent her backstay. She has extra gammonings, spare fore and main booms, fore and main gaft jlbhoom, topmast, and also two spare spars, bhe will carry extra sails, with three storm trysails and stosm fore fitay , Eer hatches are so ar r ~ D *li ll, at In flv ® mlnntes they can be thor woo^ ed - she has also extra deck l-ghts fore and all, so that the cabins will be always lighted, the skylights being caulked and battened down Her tl ° c i, rra ? ffenjentß have been attended to with particular care; she has a new rudder wr d J.V°i bc Peered by a patent screw and ee **_,* n case aD J accident, however she carries spare tillers, which can he ped m a few minutes without boring through the rudder hwd; and she has also. In case of the rudder head becon ing twisted, some !° whlch tackles can be fixed. Jhe will take two patent liquid compasses t '*‘ l 08t0 ” a compasses, to which, in the hinnacle should be carried away lights are attached. Her boats and 6 -_arc scara will be secured by rieg bolu inrough the deck and cilncffed. ll*rdeclf cabin over the ballast has been secured by ettra sleepers, which are stanchioned under the deck la deep sockets. I . THE FLEBTWniO. I c»vVlS^£ e^7*. D fi’^ sa Yei T handsome yacht tout In the tall of JS6S, hr Joseph \an Demon, the bailder of the AUnu Gm A y o a SiS lhOT ’ 1 8 i' c b the property of M?. I -iv TI t , °P d '<* » one hnndred I ' b ro“ twenty-foor feet, ud I hnmi*L.°/ I “ > i‘ 1 ne ? r,r leo f«t: tounaPc two lnr ,u„ l.“ Dd tw elve._ She hee beeiTSflttld 1 lor the ocean race. Her main boom ha.* tu>»n I by « patent wheel, vbieenlLl? P" ed by » tiller In cS? It e'cSceC lu ‘c^ nd o f“eS l rSrcl° r |i? r ra r “' d been the one will the’ufnrietu 7 Tbrnn^ I some mknnderatandlng Cantotn WwiL hroa;?b was to have sailed the va£ht k TO W£io by Captain Thomas. * acW » “ subs J-nted Tlv« t or AGBTOIEVT. 'l!|SaEs#Sp and Tuesday In DeccinSr .tSi ,°“ tlm »ec nordloe to tic mice of the’New Tort'vJK , “h thc ellowence of time. 1 Th MkSS"£-™»-£? Cone concern pilots, thc eXtoL’cL'SS; i At J3 U^ i . EiT ,' 0!;s rOE TITH start. ! essS^g^s tti c c£SS. w’ r ‘ nB 1118 the Veala. it Jr. V hhamberlaln totrlu; : u lKrS*!® i S¥ S! «2‘.‘sftygg ro'T.'f’’ man did hb duty In aiSTawav^J te r i.'£iT£ G^3^ a peeled anch duty ta irrLSSJ! a S <a S man did hb dntrf and roneT^" 1 ' , E ’ er E ■para gave ready iSw Stne “? el thoae who had win asrc&tfitake. Br the iiW?**?* 01 *M to tad arrived opposite landy HooteLt-h* 1 nearlj all Its canras *nre«H li °k 3 * each had three call. A l°>S e .? clock « hoart'of whbh 'STSiSSr ISfiS lor a atari. E?erj man atojd X, *?, prcpa . rc every aall and rope went to ft, S P o3 *,! waa cold weather thr-ro t,„i„ P^ ce ' « “SkV'of^ss- a «w?s a?gs ffarod earnestly at the^hre^ n^iiJ^ e vl and the expectant men who trod * nd •11 waited for the il«a°i &£&****** ■ roj: tub aacE. • to£KS?Slf , -£i& ,{&“»<«. the Each Jm:ht.wnnVronnd h i 118 - ; running np a jib rwiftlr roi;irf M <l anchorage. The wind ml d fr 5 ® ,t 8 It ww. Mven.hre-.TrLro F O , ~Brtf ared offhandaomely, the vSsUharfJfSf 1 S 3 2S3SS* e °° n *“» ■* “'r ri'Xli! It to now a beanllftl and emltlmr aeene Sss^s* “T'o t™*Jhe'Teu l/ne to the SjlhSS jndeaatward. Northward was th“l£knmnl SSh. , r"™tb t fff a ? SSgSthS '^4* Uke wfn/cd «*SI journey, the swsMiSSdte. b aus e^Rs^> "y-“ 0 J?= « MCI e™ J ?ollo,es Pt The ”° l Terjrough, and theaoanWn"hreSt n^^l,Z^,k^ b the reriiy ■ the m. thfM T S?TO? ace - ola y»chteiraSd uiat in a comparaUveij quiet sea ahe wa* arsS-aS Thl rt * ,® W(ral d wm the 1x4(1 hex backers aastronirlv confident as those of the other raohti .mLI so PCrhape.for we believe t&? ofeStS bet larger sums of money on their favorite. 10 ■^ x ’ ODe Dd » half o’clock we paused in the steamer River Qneen, the bows of the Fleet! »iDff and bade her and her' eallant it!b sssa isfjss^ga^?^^ hand. At l:W the Blel?% P^Jedhythe SSwKjgtfMaS Mef^he‘~ Pl lo»*7ta hi? 1 **£•“?• of v the ‘ ,n v Walte * In a short time the hnlla of the jachu were below the &r ** could be seen with a glass, tier the? maintained the positions theyrelaUvelyoc? copied st starting. A glorious breeie f»_ Torcd them, sad they rapidly grow dim, At 2:20 o’clock a light haze hid the Fle«t> wise sod Teats. The Flectwing was not •gain sees. A burst of sunshine finally re. Tealed the Teats, sod then thewares rapidly •wallowed her up ogam, sod refused to elvs her mere to the sight of her homeward* booed friend*. The Henrietta, being farther to tbs sooth, wu still la sight, her simply s faint white speck tn the distance. Ten minntes more, sod she, too, was below the horizon. Uen still looked and looked along the path she bad taken, and said they thought they saw her, bat they were mi*, taken. It was almost like the parting 0 f lovers—the steamers going northward and continually looking backward, and the three little vessels, which Neptone would almost scorn to drown, plnrging into the haziness of the open sea, and, we donbt not, ail tha time looking shoreward. GlrdllßK tke Eanh-Wbat Bu fßeea Done in the Par (Peat. The San Francisco Alta, of November? al. lades as follows to the labors of the men who are extending the telegraph lines over the Western prairies, and whose achlvementa be come second only to those which marked the' laying of tbe cable beneath the Atlantic; Modest In pretension, bnt calling for skill energy and courage, the land service "oei on, and mile after mile of tbe magic wire {< completed, with hardly a line being printed to announce the fact. Almost at oar verr doors, a line ofabonl four hundred miles has Just been completed, extending from gait lAke to Virginia City, Montana TerrUorr Two years since, bat little was known of the region where now that great necessity of non. nlation snd civilization—the telegranh-_]7 completed and In working order. Over des ert, plain and monntaln range, whe-e a few years past, the foot of the white m in bad scarcely ever pressed, where the wild Indian reigned supreme thf* plodding bnllder toils, step bv step sets pole after pole, and' finally stretches the wire which crowns his work with the halo of success. Again, coming up irora tbe plains, and grasping the Rockju** Wasatch and other mountains, of these pa tient builders are mWfcg. day by day faring. Ing a new wire Into Salt Lake from Su Louis by the way of Denver City. The snow baa already fallen on the mountain ranees bnt what care they for that? The wire most be up this month; tbe contract calls for it the business oftbe Pacific Coast demands ii’aod no matter what the labor or bodily suffering may be, the line will be finished. Away up in the tar North, the Russian telegraph lino is growing In length, pushin through pathless wastes and deserts, throueh vast regions where the human voice wo* never heard before, to bring the civilized ends of the earth together. The great ob lect, the prize sought for by this Russim line, has been grasped by other hands, which laid the cable. Still the conception of ihi« line and the brilliant work done to span the world overland, should not be allowed to pass for naught," nor the labors of the builders be ignored. Do not let ns, while tbe practical cable talks to ns each day, forget the men who plunge into the trackless wastes with almost reckless conrage and fortitude, who endure tbe greatest hardships by summer hens o wintry blasts alike, to realize the "rand idea, •• success.” They will bnild the*W Sian line, and connect San Francisco with \*ia and Europe by the way of Behring’s Straits SJth com P lete tbe “girdle round the licatlt of an American Circus Bider at noMotr. [Correspondence of the Xew York Herald l ‘A tad aceldeat occurc-1 on Wednesday ’ n T?*l laßt ft t the Clrqne-Renz in thU oi:/ wilch resulted In the death of Darla Rich "'iV” AmeriKm circus rider ..f great taleut ajd'tidc-spieadrepmation. He ns doin» tbe Ob mpfan act as it Is called, with another artist, on the backs uf two hordes. On J? W . n tb l fh °aldcrs of his com rede his loot slipped, and he fell upon his “P on ™»Pof one of the horses, and beiore his comrade could assist bin he quickly slipped off and struck on the back of his head and neck with such force as to at once paralyze his whole bodr. On being assisted he seemed to be conscious of the gravity of his condi- Hop, and said lam a dead man—let me re main here and die—send my love to mv wife •’» r™„ t r h ;H”. Ce r, CdtOSP ' ak - He « once removed to hk apartment, where he died in MkiflHn u C v ha<i tb ® ®edi tb® c *ty, butbls was beyond human aid. He was an artist of great shill <v^M a^£* f?anaßa J rider, and was considered unequalled by any In Eurone He w M much beloved b/all hta eommfes lor hisceoual disposition and pleasant man hf« r »H e 7 U b ® b °ri ed hereon theartlvalof ,e i rcm He leaves with the tb, A e cb,ldren - Colonel George tbe J ,4“ L ' ri can Xonsnl here, hla notified took possession of wifi effect *» * Dd Placed tbe consular n E£ a . them for fixture arnmtje- P eat f* He left a considerable sumof motwx** several splendid trained horsesT Ju u%i% f ? Uow C° ln ff home to the United States m six weeks to fulfil an en. easement there. He was. I belt?™ <J!z. Philadelphia, where he leaves relatives. The .Americans here will attend his funi.™i «««? Pay Wm the last tribute ofrespect ’“ d Tbe Agiieol(ar»l College. [From the Bloomington Psnucraph-l s^‘SiS the a , ltc AariVo?,Em; pSgggSgSp compel’ 8 * We ' dltorW ™sed considerable §fSm¥JSBBS ssEaSK^sHwjß® proposes to give ovlr’ I wblch thousand dollars! thl V hn udred Sw?^s^ShS ftSSSg^SS location hcre nnS,? rea ? on for IS wlthcnt retntfd S ™Snt. pe w 11 olfe » Pnwpecte of the ColTe- and tfl " jhtnre nsefnlneuc Taking 111 t! 1 mKha V ! and to consideration It I . thMepo,n t* I '>- Provpect Is good for aernrin na that onr University 8 ° r ® ecunD S the Indus trial S.tap^riouc and Influence, fn conePT»ft.+f2* >ort^ n f. l*hors pablle sentiment throturbVh!!*’ ipjal documents, b/°itf ilhStaP abUcatlon <« for Uie oi*tnfiSn V^tS P “ , 9 t " i- S' the^pafi?™ 6o ' &■ m *oj dlatlnjAisfied ® P^ of the roll, the Lestriip h*V«L*a natt e» on Jta Wnojy of tl? ter ta tb » hare been Written hv th« T«. “ *serres to possession ofthe Leajnjeheld Jn«™ n^. ence Hall of 1775. 16th laatant, and 16 * 110 * on tta American poet, tha Monal report,’ ahowfc** £?*«*• «*? the much tftj »t the hurt clecUon c f rr 7 l °« the State «nt fire hare IweS’r-Sj® i 0 * *>T the re and eiehty-nine oemlSi re w T»ohnadred Coring the year. making 9 th^ Ve 1,6611 cbw «a J.«g. Income of thP ft a * rere S a te list to 185,000; eipcnSr & v „, Southern cwt-altt. ' "hici. ctmf«^ n here Sidney, of Miaaieripnf a °’Dr. Southern Radical ttember ofthe b«e. »WT.ltLe sste sssa si'SgL®? ercting, whtn Abel iifg «?»<> meet him to »4-• fighting a duel. Th« the matter br Md Colonel Fish of \eir o 3Z 1 * acce Pt* lected as SldneT’it «a>nn,T.» w . r cans wrasse "hged to cone V' £tKs-s.. "“ h d 0 “ t ‘^^-*hdSs Ill« slated that Judge JW SUSS to «rna. fitt?. 0,: 7’ ,tatlr, g ‘hat he onlylnto^Ji? o * Th^ C £ I ntr J hi hla remark to DnaidneA The atfalr baa, *»—ied no little exeltimSi - * J* e £ iends of the paiiS hSf^ Ana. p. in tbe L / c OT S ,to, “ So '«-w la“? ?ud d T n e m^ r 0 .°/ I i? iara ™t In Bug- Government so fiercely in the K» oppo^ed oar gvss’a s»ffiSS^H^ i,a=, sSSf Htct the lion at a cermle to do do so. TThen It b »t tailed to iron had Men considerably”?,!,? b A p,,ce »f ny ref need to take it ac dthe compo the difference !u the *“ d ™ 7" the lanlt ofthe dra&nyS'rtS. th *‘ Idrerpool. The care '“PPora la Lindsey Jnstnbont the Itae toVrai 0f ccmmenced. The war printed -tS? eU< ?' Com?. 6 am n o ? nt of 4»-hhgS, now *s2 kompany bring no th- -. ~- aow .the error. —Saa To?* *iW oa » ™lof OPeJ St * Grmfj [From the Baltimore Sun,] •^?^J lori<UHoT “ e ofßepre3entatlr»-T.. ' Lieutenant in the British r ' nfl!!> » leered for the Confederate tTS’ To l u °- qnentJr, wa« placed on a ?~* SQ hse- Brage and Lee. Owine to .^?° f P eQe"kls log with the Confcde«i to wJ b n ( . D(le H tMl1 * he resigned; and, sabseq nentfr iug on the prairies ofiln! < r ' w hUe hont- M“J tried ~£“ ol * arrested spiring to relea** - . e s®mi&sioo, for con ctnmrated to 1 bat the sentence warn Drr Tortneas toffoZTVJZ “* «*S The comiaUtee tar t*«* ItT“ ere 116 now J*. I'tlj snSSSi*i?2 e *te,«n <£ to t «jn 7 . 0^ 1 & » ’l«ln fve hnnind Prison^