Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 17, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 17, 1866 Page 2
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Chicago Cribtmc, DAILY,TBI.TTEfcKLT AM)WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. at CLSRg.sT, Tt-.rf* ire tare* <-dlUca» of the Tnaesa Iwaed. Ist. £rrf7 oomlar. for circulation nr earner*, newsmen aad U>e Balia. M. TheTtt-Wa*xt.V, -tdoadaya, Wed netware aad Krutaya, for the tnalla onlr: and the Wmi-T. onThcrxlajs, fbr the taalU and sale at oar COerter and hr ce»*ratft. Terms of the China* Tribune ; pally ddirered ja the city (per west) S 99 “ ~ : - <rer quarter),... 2K.33 Pipy, to Ball anbscrlber* ft*cr acwitt. pan h * la adraccr) 112.00 Trt-Weokly. fper aatnm, oarage tn advanc*) U.QQ Weekly, (per annum, psyane la advance) tf.OO tST Fractional Tarts of the year at the aame tales. fW Pen oca rrmmtaa and onlenac Ore or more eerie* of Hther the TM-Weeklv or Weekly wlltloav may retain tea per ceal of the subscription price as a boner to ?rßfcxnjns.—ln ordering tne addrtw ot t aur pepers rlonstd. to prevail delay, be core and epeafv a bat arnica yon ukJ—Wocily, Trl-Weekly, crDally. Also, (rf'ejonrraesayraodfutiire address. CT* Morey, by Draft, Exp-on. Veocy order*, or In llcclitcml L' turv tn\sl>c»eai at oar tlak. Addren. TKini NK CO.. Chicago, 111. MONDAY. DECEMBER 17. 1306. Till’ FREE StPfUAOB BILL, It l.« more that! ninety years since the father? of Jthc Republic, heroically con&e cratlngthclrlivcs, their fortunes, ami their sacred honor to the maintenance of their declaration, proclaimed it as a fundamental principle of the Government, that all men are created equal. Their declaration stood as a lofty idea ofjustice, but they were una ble to give it full force and effect. Nor has it yet been altogether carried out as a practical measure of government. The work our fathers so nobly began will rot be complete, until everywhere within the 1 Jurisdiction of the United States, all citizens, rt-uardless of nativity, color or complexion, stand as peers before tho law, and possess all the rights and franchisee contemplated by tho exalted principle of political equality. The Thirty-ninth Congress will stand in his tory as the first to embody this peat idea in a practical measure of legislation. The passage of the free suffrage bill for the District of Columbia is the first ripe fruit gathered from the tree of liberty planted on the 4th of July, 1776. True it is that some of the States have adopt ed the principle, but never before was it embodied in an act of the National Govern mrnt. The passage of that bill, therefore, marks an epoch in the history of this Na ti.Hi. the came in character as the Declaration of the fathers, the emancipation procla mation of Abraham Lincoln, and the abo lition of slavery by law, yet the crown ing glory of all these, inasmuch as it Is the beginning of a full realization of (he great principle which lived aud breathed through ail tho-sc measures. We say it ie the beginning, for the work is by no mean* complete. The law just passed embraces bnt & limited area of the territory under the Immediate control of Congress, ami it* ImjKirtaiice Is not to be gauged by the Mr all number of men It enfranchises, bat by it* Inevitable Influence npon all future' I-p.-latlon. It establishes the principle ♦bat wherever Congress has Immediate jurbdictli'n and control, there universal suf frage prevail, and there none shall be pr> ’>c; t» cd because of the of their skin. Tu t.e with this principle, Con* gres* mu.'i necessarily establish and put It practical operation ir all territory not y<t erected into States, andln all territory where State governments once existed hut have been vacated by rebellion. The work of reconstruction must now proceed upon this same basis of justice, or the action »o promptly and nobly taken by the people's represent*- t v.f, will be warred by gross and glaring Inconsistency. It matters not whether the apostate of the White House will approve or veto this meas ure. The majority it received in both branches of Congress muke Its final adoption h;?t as certain as though it had already re ceived the signature of Andrew Johnson- He c..n at most delay It but a few days; :.:xl it remains to be seen whether be will so far disregard the voicecf the people aod his cws declared opinions as to interpose a veto, bv which he can only add another odious chapter to the historical Imlamy of bis Pres idential carter. tihirrjTn <.avnt and “p«c itirrvc The publication of Mr. Rhode's new novel, (‘i-'j’ith f.v.ui.f, has provoked a fierce contra- M-r>v between him and some American joun.j’.l* concerning Uic morality of that vi rk. About !c a year wc bave a peri odical lit «»r morality In this eonntry, when our newspapers, from tbo mammoth dally l>* the K-vcu-by-rlne weekly, think It a duly they owe to the rising generation to de nounce “tin* flood of pernicious, demoraliz ing trn*h, which, under the name of cheap U’ev.-Uirc, I- deluging our country." Many r.MI scailvrg urc the invectives wj hare read (.r this theme hymen who hare seemed pro f-iMidlv c< ; nvcr-anl with the works lU*?y U;ac cried ; and sluewd,lndeed,haveln*cn i he aigun.cnts for expurgated edit inns of the otid the Ltlia clas.-ics by men who, efr.t c ii'i: 'hmugbagallcrrofujrjques.and vlunirg the matchless Apull**, Venus and I.:i<»coi*n, could come away with imajriaa impressed only with the remembrance that they were naked. It is a delicate aud perplexing question, In some oases, to what extent tlic efforts of these nice persons t-htr.i’d he applauded. That a writer with the fine genius of Mr. Reode can, by dc bauohieg the imagination*, do incalculable d.snmge to his render*, is but a truism. But *h:«li wc proscribe all novels but ih-.-c thut contain no descriptions of vice Mid aiekednays, and of which the heroes and heroines are li.cdcld of Impossible excel lence i To ini? nuiMion not o few moralists will rcp'y with on emphatic No. They think lit tle of tha*'‘fugitive and cloistered virtue,” Mill' r. v.'.’.’s it. which. ‘* u«es.'TCUed aud tii'triath. il.” b* kept healthy only by *hun* ring all e- n’jiet with the real world. Tint grv;it hlgh-prics*! of literature and profound nt.' of human nature, Dr. Johnson, had, It i- certain, no Mich fiver-fastidious del* Ki.ry. not to ray lu regard to iir> proscribed clrss of writings. lie was wiping to trust people with books that have i,t» ;kt limits:, provided they have great excel* U to redeem them ; and ns for mere tf..-h, he hucw it would produces surfeit V' ;.:cu would make it ever alter disgusting. 11 Mr*. Sheridan's eldest daughter begaa to give j l”:is o! that love oi literature for w Ircij t-is‘- was afterwards distinguished, sod v-:.* nrtieed by Johnson one Jay reading his Kami; 1 , rs.' 1 h. r m-dtier hastened to assure the g.ta: imi.-aliri that It was only works of that ui,» vceu-iiouaMe description which she s:i!:iT»*t! to meet the ryes of her little girl. *• I.- general,'* added the fastidious mother, ev;, doubtless s , to be eulogized lorhc* 1 ri.dtrce. **l :iui very careful to keep from Ir-rall .-ucb books os arc not calculated, hy thi-lr moral tendency, expressly for the pc r;*;d of youth.” “ Thn y<vt are a f Mudm.i!” Wmilly vociferated the Doctor. *• Tun- t our daughter loose into the library, 11 i rt.iinaed he. to the astonishment of his br.,i or; 11 if she is well inclined, she will cLor.-ecpiy nutritions food; if otherwise, all \r:,rc.»r;l<*n will avail nothing to prevent i><-r ftdb'wiuc the bent of her inclinations.” Pcrtismnlly to this subject, we notice that tin- Scotch poet, Mr. Buchanan, has an essay Jr the la-t Fortnitfuhj Review. in which he imiinTainr that no literary production can be morally deleterious to wen of ru r tnre, if II be thmjre and real In Its conception—that is, written front the ?*farf, with the fall consent r,f nil the author 1 * faculties of bellct .The mvre quality of thorough and absolute sin* cc.ritr of literary purpose diffuses, ho thinks, a charm over the writer 1 # style, and sleeps it In an atmosphere of art. which, to a reader able to jK'icelvc them, operate practically os •aft-guards against every corrupting Influ ence. That this theory is as true ns It Is In genious and original, in regard to Imagina tive or artistic pictures of evil actions, few thoughtful persons can doubt.. The mao who finds bis imagination debauched after reading any of Shakspcarc's masterpieces, may be sure that the mischief was already douo before be felt the necromancy of the great magician of the pen. The picture of oilh-I’o never tempted any man to stifle his wife In a fit of jealousy; nor did that of Lady Mscbclh any womsn who could comprehend It into unscrupulous am bition for her husband ; nor did that of Cleo patra ever fill with sensual feelings a mind | that could grasp It imaginatively, in all Us proportion*. True art, as another has re marked, has the power to transfigure all the human passions, desires, hones, or fear*, to the experience of which It appeals, Into something different from ourselves. In spite of all this, however, we donht if so sagacious * moralist as Johnson would se riously recommend to any yoang man or woman such a novel as Grfjflth Gcunt. The great objection to the work la not that its author apologizes for the guilt of its hero, a bigamist, br saying that ”he was the sport of circumstances,” which might be said of the vilest miscreant that ever lived; not that all his scoundrels go unwhlpt of while the chief scoundrel U rewarded for his villainy by receiving a large fort one; but that bi? work deal* almost erclnrlaely with the darker passions of man—that it tends to sap our belief in human virtue, to make ns skep tical of its very existence. Of all the de moralizing works of the day, there arc none which should be more studiously shunned by the vouug than those written by cynics—by •writers whose dramalit peno* « are drnnk ardf seducers, courtesans, liars, and hypo -..itJu-whose heroes are men of “one virtue, linked to a thousand crimes”—who aim to aoatomUc Ibe hnnum be*rt, thatrthey maj .boat boar black and fool It U-who a lynx-eyed aentennaa 1» detecting Ibe rilcet motives for the noblest *oMfn«— ho reek icTclaliona of domestic tin shame. __ .. •* As ll It were a pleasant thing to find t The racer stumbling, and ibrgaxe-bonsd blind.”. It is In vain that Mr. Kcade, In reply to the chaige of Impurity, cries “ Jfoni soft qui nutl y and denounces his critics as “prurient prudes.” Mock delicacy—that prudery which betrays its lack of the reality of virtue by its nlccness about the shadow —which abhors plain noun-substantives,’and tries to hide Its improper Imaginings In studied circumlocution—which, when a word is used that has two meanings, is sensitively conscious of the worst one, and is as deepW shocked as Jf the better one could never be Intended—which leads young ladies to panta lette the legs of their pianos, and to throw a veil over marble Cupids and Psyches—that spurious feeling which led Swift to define a| nice mao as “a man of nasty Ideas”—we. detest as thorofaghly as Mr. Read 2. But toj ear that every man who denounces Impurity! In a poem or novel, Is conscious of impurity} in his own thoughts, and reads the work, to; quote Mr. R.’a own words, “ by the light of' his own foul Imagination,” Is simply absurd, j Purity can detect the presence of the evil which it docs not understand, and of which It Is wholly void, just os the dove which has □ever seen a hawk trembles at its presence. Just os a horse rears uneasily and quivers when the wild beast, unknown and new, U near, so Innocence is startled by, yet understands not, the unholy look, the guilty tone, the impure suggestion. “It shudders, and shrinks irom it Instinctively, by a power like that which God has. con-‘ forred on the unreasoning mimosa.** The great objection to Mr. Readc’s work & not that be openly excuses bigamists, seducers, and other miscreants—not that we can here and there select a proposition formally false and pernicious; but that he leaves an lm predion unfavorable to a healthful state of thought and feeling, and which is peculiarly dangerous to the young and Inexperienced, i who swallow without suspicion the insidious i poison that lurks under the honeyed words 'of the elegant and philosophical apologist i for vice. Mr. R.*s brilliant creations arc, as Professor Fribble said of Byron’*, “the scene of a summer evening, where all Is ten (dor, and beautiful, and grand; but the {damps of disease descend with the dews of lllcavcn. and the pestilent vapors of night arc breathed in with the fragrance and the 'balm, and the delicate and the fair arc the surest victims rf the exposure.” ( We cannot leave this subject without ex pressing a doubt which has arisen In our minds touching the tendency of minute criti cisms—even denunciatory criticisms—of such books as Griffith Gaunt. Concerning many cases of wrong-doing, so much pains Lave sometimes been taken to show people .the way not to be naughty, that they have been thereby, for the very first lime In their lives*- taught Aoic, and tempted to , be so. Especially docs this hold true of morel reform societies, denunciations of Un moral books and theatrical performances, and publications Intended to portray the frightful increase and terrible consequences ofliccntionmess In a community. Such pub lications operate, In many cases, only as Jln yer jtott* and adrfrtivmmU to those whose fervid passions, notwithstanding their pres . cut purity and innocence, are but too ready to be fanned, by the slightest suggestion. Into a violent and uncontrollable game ; and tu the writer who, like Jaques in A* You //, would thus, by “speaking his mind”— “tlironrb im! thro ft "h ricsnse the foul body of the infected world,'* we may say with the Duke •* Fie on thee! 1 can tell wha< thon wonldst do.— Hoil iri»cfturou*/oui tin fa eWdln«; sia." ; When William Pitt was Prime Minister of { England, a bill was passed for the preveu- ! lion orsmuggling, prohibiting boats of a ccr* I fain length of keel, breadth of beam, draught of water, etc., from being built by any subject } of King George. The model prohibited was ; so exquisitely fine—of such matchless pro- ! portions—that all the smugglers at once I adopted U. and hud their craft, constructed [ in French ports exactly according to the > measures forbidden by the statute; and the Deal boatmen used to say that they never knew bow to build a boat Tor smuggling till jjnhj Pitl taught than 'the tr ay. The anec dote forcibly Illustrates the pernicious effr-cU upon the morals of society, resulting from even well-intended pub lications, denouncing immoral bonks, or themselves t bounding in eloquent j and plowing descriptions of the va- \ rioos forms of vice and wickedness In Us midst. A still further confirmation of , our views is found In a fret stated some j years ago by an EacllsU paper, that certain i article* In the London J Tomim} Chronicle had tin-effect of inspiring hundreds with an ir resistible deshe to Vive themselves the strange and peculiar modes of life so minute ly depleted by the writer. Ib may bo ques tioned whether Do Qulxcay’s vivid and mas terly’descriptions of the dolighUand horrors of cplum eating have not attracted more per •cna to, than they have frightened from, the practice. Wc fiever read an Impasssioncd dehortation from this aud kindred vices— above all, those,of licentiousness—but we think of the bustler, who was asked on con ft.sion day by hi- priest. If he had never gn-arcd the teeth of his guests’ horses, to j icvcat them from rating their allowance of bay and onts? “Never I" was the prompt rcs-p-mse. Subsequently, he confcs*cd the •lyqut-ut perpetration ofthotrick.‘“llow!" exclaimed the arlonishcd father, “I tbyught you told me, at your last conlcssioo. that yon had fever played that trick-’’ “True, rcr had I thru," nn* the reply, “for, MU you »o!d n.c, I never knew vLat greasing « horse's tilth pruTf.f hli eating." xkk cas ini oairAGo. •The universal rule of all monopolies Is to get the most mcncj for the least quantity and poorest article. Gas companies oro no exception to this rale; on the contrary, they furnish the strongest Instances of its truth. Communities that have once enjoyed the use of gas find U thereafter an almost indispensa ble article. Places of business, factories, stores, olllees, shops and residences are adapt ed to its ut*o, and to be deprived of it is to subject all to great Inconvenience, expense raid loss. To deprive a community of gas would work great injury and destroy much comfort, and it is because the public am compelled to use it, that gas companies find It so easy to carry Into ctfcct the rule we have died, of demanding the greatest at* tftimiblc-snm of money for tbe least quantity i»* t fce poorest gas. Chicago is not the ualy .•offerer. Other ches have passed under the iidlictinn of like monopolies, and in the e* d have been driven to that measure of relief which alone can pat an end to the evil, aud which hope will he adopted bore without delay. Trevinos to ISV», there wis but one •:as company in Chicago. In that year, after a« immt ruc struggle, n second company wa« ii-eori-oratcd. The public had some hope Uat In a competition *lhon; would be « 'eduction of price and an Improvement in j the ankle of gas. But such hope was soon ' c-ninguished; the two companies were sub- j stantiallj consolidated, that is to say, they I divided the city Into two districts, each pro* ferrinp one-half the existing monopoly, to j entering Into competition. Since that time j these two companies have been slreng‘hen* i log themselves by the occupancy of addt- j tlonal streets, and for each extortion finding a precedent In the one preceding it, to which , the public bad submitted. (las is now furnished In the cltv of Chicago at the following rates: la the South and North Divisions at the rote of three dollars hi d fifty cents per thousand feet, exclusive of the Government tax of twenty-five cents per thousand; five per cent or seventeen cents rcrthousand feet to be added upon all bills not )«ld within the first five days of the month- In the West Division at four dollars and twenty-five cents per thousand feet, In- -1 ading the Government tax; with a discount if fifty cents per thousand feet upon all bills paid on or before the tenth day of each month. . The price of gas to those who pay their hills promptly In the-first week of each month, exclusive of the Government three dollars and flflf cents per thousand and this charge Is foran artjcleofgaa that t- often not only of an inferior quality but of the most offensive odor. .We need not say that the manufacture of gas In Chicago Is and has always been a source of large profit. The public will never complain of a fair profit to companies who-perform their duties faith fully, nor If that profit be a liberal one; but Ibey have a right to complain If those companies for their own gain extort from the necessities of the public an enormous profit, upon an Inferior article, famished under cir cumstances of questionable fairness. If the gas now furnished the city of Chica go can be (broished at two dollars per thou- sand feet, and yield to the company an an nual profit of twelve per centum upon the cost of their works and the cost of the gas. then every penny beyond that enm la a di rect extortion from the public, It the city of Chicago can light the afreet* and tlimUh gna to the inhabitant* at a coat of two dol lars per thousand feel, Inclndlng six per cent interest upon the necessary expendi tures for gas works, laying pipes, drc., then It is a criminal disregard ,of public interest any longer to pay three dollars and fifty cents to any company. Cor porations may have rights, bat they are subordinate to those of the general public, and when gas companies are permitted to use the streets of Chicago without charge, for their plpoMto pnbUo bare a right to demand that the privilege shall not be used to the oppression of the public. The remedy is a clear and direct one. Let the city of Chicago mauufreture its own gas. Instead of hivingthebos ncss In the hands of twenty or thirty Indi viduals, let there ho a vast company, in clawing crery householder or g*» consumer and tax payer In t“ e city, and In tho name of the city of Chicago, manufacture tbclr own g&a, and fumleh U at coat. Estimating that every housekeeper In Chicago, now u Inggps, consumes on an average three thousand feel per mouth, the aggregate hill for each year h- $l2O. Let the city of Chi cago supply ihla gas at tiro dollars p3r thousand iccl. and the anmnl hill will bo hut $72, a direct saving to each consumer, of fifty-lour dollars per annum, in his gas bills alone. The citizens now pay three dollar* and fifty cents per thousand feet. We have so means of knowing the annul consumption per month, but the difference between the cost at the price now paid and that at which the city could supply itself, ts n sum of no ordi nary Interest to tax-payers. But we have spoken of Ike possibility of gas being furnished at two dollars per thousand feet, which Is far beyond the sum which experience teaches is necessary. The people of Cincinnati were afflicted, as Chi cago is, with an unreasonable and oppress sire monopoly. They resolved tosabmlt toll 1 -no longer, and the Common Connell of that, c.ty proposed to purchase the existing works, pipes, machinery, &c., of the gas* companies- at a liberal'valuation, paying therefor a large profit; or, if that was re- ; fhsed, to proceed at once to manufacture 1 their own gas and supply the public ot cost. Those propositions were submitted to the people for their approval or rejection, and the people by an almost unanimous vote ap proved them. Tbcgascompanies were at first defiant, but Investigation only satisfied the | public that they were actually robbed every winter of a large proportion of the amount of their bills, and they resolved to go on. Kuowlflg.that the city could furnish gas at : low rates, the companies yielded, and trans- | j'ferrcd their works to the. city. It was la tlmt Investigation demonstrated that the j | city, after deducting the interest upon the | ) rest of the purchase and paying all expenses, | could furnish gas. to consumers at one dollar j and seventy-five cents, and light all , !the city lamps - at one dollar and twenty-five cents per thousand feet. This^calculation, It should he remembered, was based upon the highest prices of coal; and when coal fulls, as It has since then, the gas can bo furnished at lower prices. The city of Chicago can purchase eoal as cheap as the gas companies can; and with the manufacture and supply of gas to the city and to the public, each tax payer and consumer becomes a stockholder sharing in [the profits of the corporation. Instead of {paying -the $3.50 per thousand to a company, land feeling grateful for having the gas at all, Jtbe consumer will have bis bill reduced {monthly to the actual cost, and will retain In his own pocket, the difference .which now goes to the company. • If any one wishes to contrast the two pebemes of having gas furnished by a private company and gas furnished by the city, let him ask how mnchhc would now pay per gal lon for water, if the water, like the gas, was the bands of a private company f Let him suppose the water measured out to him through a metre recording every gallon Used, and the probable h« yvould j>aj in ordci to enable pri vate persons to reap upon stock dupli cated over and over again, the largest possi ble dividends? Would we ever have had a tunnel? Would we have had one tithe of the comfort and convenience which the public nowaud arc hereafter to enjoy from a supply of water, had that matter, like gas, been in the bands of a private company ? Would anybody In Chicago rote to transfer the supplying of water from the city to a private company? Why not? For the same reasons that imperiously demand that the city shall take Into Its own hands the supplying of gas at the actual cost of its manufacture. The ? companies arc close corporations. Thv’r 1 of expenditure and receipt arc not opec to the public. W<r have no menus ofknm.iii,, the aggregate Mitnpdd to them annually for gas. but that sum b au enor mous one. The city pays them In ronu nmoboTß SIOO.OM annually. If oue-lblrd or one-half this sum can be saved, it will en able the city to lay pipes and light the streets in localities to which the present companies cannot be -coaxed or driven to uxteud the gas. , This Is a matter which appeals directly to the pockets of every man iu the city. It Is nothing lets than a proposition to make every gas consumer in Chicago a stock holder to the amount of his bills in the gas companies.- U good gas at cost. It means fight and comfort in every house la the city; it means honest gas metres and houcs*.‘hills. r It means the extension of gas t*> all-port* of the city, aad the lighting of every street. It means an end to one ol the most lctolerable and oppressive monopolies to which the public were ever subjected. ■ The CdtumOn Council should see to It that In preparing their amendments to the City Gimrt-T, they* provide one empowering the city to purchase the properly of the present ctn» companies at a fair price, and to manu facture ami and furnish it at cost to the public. THE PIFPHUIINCB BttTWEK.N ANO MSA. The strain prot-ellcr Falcon, employed hi inviia'ing the lakes, anchored in the Chi n.i!o River, beside the wharf of Hough *t' Kershaw. There were large packinghouses on the wharf, and these were filled with val uable stores. Owing to the negligence of be men in charge of the Falcon, she took fire, and the flames stretching tu the wharf *c: flic to the packing bouses, which, with tl.cir cont,cuts, warn wholly consumed. The Hough «fc Kershaw, believing the owners of the Falcon to ba responsible for tl c ncallgcccc of their employe*, and bound to :rrke good their lusoCs, broucht suit to recotcr. They filed a libel, in admiralty, in the United States District Court of Northern JlHnois for cause of damage, civil-and mvra- Vimo, and allachcd a vessel called the I’ly mouth, which belonged to the owners of the Fnlcoti. In 1545 Congress passed an act declaring that the District Courts shall havcailmir&lly jmbdicllon “in matters of contract and tort ursrii-g in, upon, or concerning steamboats and other ve-iels,” on the Northern lakes “and navigable water*” connecting the same, precisely as in like cases OQthebb'h seas am! tide-waters. In this ease the I'jricon lay in “ navigable waters,” and was subject to Admiralty jurisdiction. Bat the damage was wholly on land, and the qn.etlrn raised in the District Court, was, u I'C’lut the mere fact that the cju*c of the damage originated within the admiralty jurisdiction, made the ease a ease In admiralty. The District Court decided that It did not. and dismissed the libel for want of jurisdiction, Tho plaintiffs appealed to (hi United States Circuit Court from this decision, and the Circuit Court combined the decision of the District. Courtwh.-nu ion (ho plaintiff's tt;ll further anpeiTed to the Supreme Court tu the, United States. In the third volume of Wallace** Reports of the Decisions of the Supreme Court for 16G5, we have the final determination of the question. The attorney for the appellants submitted an able and ingenious argument In favor of the jurisdiction. He contended that tho wharf itself was a maratime thing; that the agent producing the damage was a mar* time thing; and “ hence, since the object and agent were matalime things, .and within the admiralty jurisdiction,” ho asked, “ would it nut shock common sense to exclude from that jurisdiction the Injury received by one Irotn the other, hi ease of a manifest and ad mired tort?*' Further, he argued that the locality was'maratltne; that the incident, or that which is accessory, always follows, or is drawn to, the principal thing In a given combination of circumstances; that the case was a mixed one, and in mixed arising partly on land and partly on' tea, or upon navigable waters, admiralty has jurisdiction. Justice' Nelson,delivered the opinion of the Court. He prononneed ■ that " where a damage done Is done wholly “upon land, the fact, that theicause of the “damage originated on water, subject •• to the admiralty Jurisdiction, does ‘‘not make the case one for the “admiralty. Bence, where a vessel lying “ at a wharf, on waters subject to admiralty “ jurisdiction, took fire, and tho fire, spread ing itself to certain storehouses on the “ wharf, consumed these and their stores, “held, not to be a case for Admiralty pro *• cecding.” Accordingly, the decision ofthe District and Circuit Courts were confirmed by the hlghcstltrlbnnal. and Messrs. Hongh 4z Kershaw, after several years of expensive litigation. Lave succeeded In learning that they started wrong, and should not have commenced a suit In Admiralty at all. This decision is interesting and valuable to the legal profession, and to business men gen erally, but .we question whether the plain tiffs .It eltber'solace or satisfaction. They way congratulate themselves on having obtained a dedakm’upon a point of law; bat so far as the merits of their controversy with the owners of the Falcon are concerned, they stand precisely where they did the morning after the fire. There Is, of course, no appeal from this decision, and It estab lishes a precedent which will be followed by our courts 'in aft similar cases here alter. Tho reasoning of the court was, simply, that the jurisdiction of tho ad miralty over marine torts depends upon lo s csllty—-It must be upon the high acas, or i other navigable waters within admiralty cog > nizanee. But in this case the entire damage e complained of occurred on land, andnot on 0 the water at all. ;t jry The Legislatere of Georgia has passed a eta> law over the veto of the Governor, hr a two-thirds vote. The hbiaUalppi stay law (HI thronfflt f fot'nllhnngh It wasasscrlhi ta,' the papers that the Governor had approved the MU, he vetoed It. on the ground of Its. ancons titntlonallly, and the Legislator* failed to peas it over hie head. THOUGHTS OS HISTORY—-IT. Raying* of Great .non, Paeon, In one of his weighty essays, after remarking that tru*h Is a naked and open d.ty-light, that doth not show the masks and mummeries, and triumphs of the world, half so stately and daintily os candle-lights, adds that “a mixture of a lie doth, ever add pleasure.?*; Whatever the canse, there is something wonderful In the fascination and tenacity of falsehood. It is a trite proverb that a lie will travel round the world while Truth la putting oh Us boots. But this is not so astonishing as the vitality—the inex plicable vigor of constitution—in a popular error. When the world has once got hold of a lie, it Is marvellous how hard it is to drive it out of the world. Yon beat It about the head till it seems utterly defunct, and 10l jnstasyon are beginning to flatter you reelf that it baa given op the ghost, it reappears, oa healthy and thrifty as ever. It is a pojm* Ur belief that Troth, if run over by a loco-* motive and train, geta well; hot Error dies of lockjaw If It hot scratches its Unger. Bry-, ant,.too, asserts, that **Troth, crashed to earth, wULrise again and, no doubt, it often does; bat it Is equally true, in spite of all the rhetorical flourishes on this sub-j ject, that lies, too, have a most obstinate vi-; tsiity, and. like all noxious things, are de> ( stroyed In one place only to spring uo ini another. Once let a.falsehood, however ridiculous, get /airly on its legs, and though, : when touched by the Ithuricl fl]>cflr of; Truth,it —— l “ Writhe In pain. And die said Us worfhlppera,’ 1 yet It is certain or a resurrection. To the philosopher there ie something exasperating in this: to the satirist, there is an object for bis shafts. . Once declare to the world that Berkeley denied the existence of scatter, and all over the world men with Berkeley in their hands will echo the -absurdity. --Say tbat Locke derives all knowledge through the medium of the senses, and, though Locke be' studied In every college, the statement will pass un- challenged. Let some Fourth of July orator quote from Bacon the hackneyed sentiment, “Knowledge Is power,” and other orators will ring the changes upon it ad ‘ nauMtain, though Bulwcr shows tbat the author of the /ruiauralio never uttered or wrote any such I aphorism. Of all truisms, or sayings sup ' posed to be such, there is no one more fre quently oameD** Ups than, the statement ; that Bacon was the Cither of the Inductive iPLllosophy, the grand founder of modern -science. But It may be doubted whether bis 'Novum Organon, or new Instrument of pbii jofopby, was really new when he announced jit as such, either as a process followed in {scientific discovery, or as a theory of the true method of discovery. Bacon was neither jibe first to proclaim tbo barrenness ;of ■ the Aristotelian • philosophy, nor 'ls Ills the glory of ' bav jing ended tbo reign of that philosophy in {Europe. Be but hastened the downfall of p system already in 'disrepute, and which hvould soon have been banished from the schools had his Instauratlon never beenpnb lUhcd. In short, as Do Malstre has shown, jliu was a barometer tbat announced the fine weather, alter a long period of storm and controversy; and because he foretold the glo rious daylight of true science, aftei the dark ness of the middle ages, he was proclaimed ,<beauthor of It. Acotcmpornry called him truly the pmphtt o/ tcimee. “I have seen,” says the critic Just quoted, “ the design of a medal struck in his honor, the body of which Is a rising sun, with the Inscription, Exorius vti aUitriixt h& <“ He rose like the sun In the sky.’j Nothing is more plainly false. Bet ter an aurora, with the inscription, Atmcia tolls (‘ Messenger of. the sun,*) and even this would be an exaggeration, for, when Bacon ro.-c, It was at least ten o'clock in the morn- How often do we hear attributed to Sir Robert Walpule the execrable saying, “AH men have their price.” Pope refers to It la the lines: ‘•Would he obllee me, letiae only find lie docs net mini, me what bethinks mankind." But the “Grand Corrupter." as be was nick named by his libellers, uttered no such sweeping slander against bis fellow men. He simply declared of his cor- rupt opponents, “All these men have their price," a truth as unquestionable as his alleged maxim was false. Again, let Lord Orrery relate, as an unquestionable occur rence, that Dean Swift once commenced the service when nobody, except the clerk, at tended bis church, with “Dearly beloved Roger, the scripture moveth you and me In sundry places," aud tho scandal will bo again and again repeated, though a kinsman of the Dean has shown that it was published of another person in a Jest-book before Swift was born. The author of “The Talc of a Tub" sod “Tbc Battle of the Books,” was not so destitute of originality as to have to borrow a Joke its paltry as It was profane. So Swift and Butler will forever continue, wo suppose, to divide the honors of the closing couplet of the epigram on tho feud !n:twcca Handel and Bononcinl— .“Strangeall this dlfiercneeehoofd be ' : ’lwlxt Tuecdkdnm sod Twccdicdce,” though neither of these wits was the author, who was Dr. Byiom, of Manchester. As “to him that hath shall he given,” that arch wit, Butler, will of course continue, so long os the world L c Infested with rascal#, to have the credit of Trumbull’s tarcasm on the To ries of the American revolution “No msn e’er felt the hil’ar draw Wnh g«ofi opinion of the taw.” . So many hiftorlc sayings have never been altered by the great men to whom they have been attributed, that we shall expect soon to hear that Cassor’s “ Veni ridi rW” is * mj th ; that Perry never wrote the immortal words, “ IVo liavo net the enemy, and they ore our*;” while I-awrence’s “Don’t give :jp the ship” will he declared nn old sail or’s tram. Indeed. Jfapolcon, who undcr mted the tnditary skill of the “foremost man of all the world.” ridiculed as absurd ihat other saying of the great Julius, •* What do yon tear? Ton carry Cmsar.” Bm not only the tnofu of great personages, but many of the most striking facta of history— scene: and incidents which artists have been fend t'f depicting, and orators of citing— have been proved to he pure fiction. The ttory of Willituu Tell and thaapplc, and that i.f Xerxes flogging the Hellespont, have been fh<-wo to bej)urc myths,'and "Tell himself lias been grudgingly allowed a commonplace share in the exploits or the early Swiss pa triots.” iVhal historical tableau has been more dieply Impressed on the public mind thun the \ arlicp of Louis XVI from bU Jam il} ?■ The scene has been described In prose end verse, aud represented in pictures of &B Mzrs, yet never occurred! U is true the. Queen wished, with the children, to fcc (he King on the moraine of the execu tion, and be consented; but ho subsequent ly requested that they might not be per mitted to’return, as their presence too deep* ly; affected him. .Again, how often do we hear It elated, in private, end echoed from the pulpit, that the skeptic, Hume, died Injflu ajiouy of remorse, although lus C.\rU r.Vjn biographer declares that his last moments were as piacefhl and un ruffled as the gentle Addison's, add though some of Hume’s more intelli gent enemies have asserted that he affected an indifference which he did not feel. What Napolcon-worshlpplngdlsclple of Headley or | I Abbott ever dreams of doubting that the j hero of Lodi and Anstcrlltz really did scale (lie Alps on a fiery. charger, as foufnnti as David has painted him ? Bullet us hear the great Corsican himself: “The Thfit Consul mounted, at the worst part ol the ascent, the mvJe of an inhabit int of St, Peter, selected by the prior of the convent as the sorest-footed male of that country Sdeh Is the difference between reality and painting, truth and declamation- Again and again has it been denied by historical critics that thcßosslana homed Moscow to pievent Napoleon from, making it his wlnter qaarten ; ’ and in vain do they assert what Donglas, at one time our minister to Rpssia, has confirmed, that hardly more than' the suburbs, where tha French were qaar .ered, were on fire, to cover the Russian attack. Macluls and’other showmen still nx>ew the in/andum dotorem of the “ confla gration ” In paintings and panoramas. . go long as biography is written, or an cs ?qyest loves to point his moral with an aucc i dote, we shall hear the story of Newton and bis dog Diamond, which destroyed the papers which the philosopher set himself so patiently to re-write—albeit the dog was a myth, and neither purring puss nor spright ly poodle were allowed within the precincts of the mathematician's thought-hallowed rooms. But the apple—the falling of the applet Surely, the lynx-eyed critics of.his lory, who have cheated ns out of so many pleasing illusions, will hot rob ns of that f In ope sense, it is of little consequence whether the story be true or false. Unless observed by a mind already so prepared to make the discovery that any falling body would have started the proper train of ideas, the falling of ten thousand apples could hare led to no discovery of gravitation. But what are the fee's? We have, for the sloiy, the authority of several of Newton's friends, and the | opinion of-M. Blot, the eminent French 1 savant,■alter a scrutiny of all the facts in the 1 case; yet, sir David Brewster, Newton's latest biographer, who in the first edition ol bis work, declared his disbelief of the story, sticks still to his Incredulity; and rhetor icians roust t .; refer with as little confi dence as eloqa ri effect to “Newton and the fallingap?.-,’* But relumes might be filled with the er- TO)&that, again and agam exploded, have obtained a new lease of life, and are thriv ing as vigorously as ever. We will notice but one .more, Jest the* reader. Instead of ilankiup, may chide ns for disenchanting him iu regard to what have been called the mock pearls of history, and exclaim with Horae e’s crazy citizen of Argos, after he had * “been cured by hellebore of7«w haliuclna- Mii to save tael Better far have died. Than thus be robbed of pleasure so reaped, Tse dear delusion of a raptured m.nd. Perhaps the best example of the vitality of a popular fallacy la the overhackneyod piece of nonsense attriboted to Archimedes, that, “give him a place to fix a prop for hia lexer, and he would movetbo world.’. This la one of the standard alloaiona, a part of the neecssarry stock In trade, of all orators, poets,and newspaper writers; and persona, whenever they meet with It, think of Archl medea as an extraordinarily peat man—a plant of the intcllectnal giants—and cry, "Really, how wonderful.*' Now, It Is a well known principle of tae cbanlcal forces that tbe velocities are to tbe extremities of a lever reciprocally os the weights of the two powers, and tbe lengtha of the arms directly as those same velocl ties. So H has been shown that If, at the moment when ArchlmcdeJ uttered his mem orable saying, God bod taken him at bis word by famishing bun with place, prop and lever, together with a counter-weight of two hundred pounds—the point (Tcppai being at three thousand leagues from tbe centre of the earth—the great geometer would have required a lever of ftre/re qwdrUUon* of miles long, and a velocity at the extremity of the lon** arm equal to that of a cannon ball, to raise the earth one inch in twenty* seven hundred thousand thousand or twenty-seven billions of years! Yet will ■ this exposure of the collussal absurdity be' of any use? Oi not tbe slightest. Orators will continue to employ this bravatsv of rhetoric, and persons will continue to gape with astonishment at the boast of Archi medes, as ever. J/uyua «f tfupWi/os, tt pre-- Vvlebii. FROM WASHINGTON, The Surratt Case and Corrcspou- dencc. NOTES ON SOME SALIENT POINTS. TAe View* of Jdr. Seward% Consres* eternal CriUea. [From Oar Own Correspondent. | Wssioxotox, December 12,1305. The Surratt correspondence furnished from the State Department yesterday make* thir ty-four document pages of print. A good ; many members of Congress believe that Hr. I Seward has kept back some of the most lm jportant {tapers bearing upon the matter; land they point to a couple of letters from [him to Mr. Representative Wilson, chairman tof the Boose Investigating Committee, as ■ evidence sustaining their belief. M&- Sew |urd, in his official capidty, writes to Mr. j Wilson, in bis official capacity, and says the State Department has nothing relative to the assassination conspirators; and, on the same day, May 25,1860, writes him a private note saying that be has a great deal of informa tion about John Q. Surratt, but -doesn’t deem it best to make it public I Query: Is an official lie less sinful than a private lie? And, surely enough, it Is now shown that the Department did have considerable infor mation at that time about Surratt. It ap feeurs that he has been under surveillance plnce September 1805. Tbc Department seems to have hud some doubt as to the identity of the watched person, though Us ogents were positive from the beginning that It was Surratt. | While I myself have strong, confidence (hat the Government is sincere in Its implied flecloratioD that it bad an ever-present desire : (o catch this wretch, I cannot omit to chron idc the fact that many persons profess to be-, lieve that the late apparent zeal of the State | Department is wholly due to the expression , of opinion by Congress, and especially by 2be lioase, during tbc latter part of last I session. The published correspondence j shows that Mlulstcr Adams was exceedingly 1 lukewarm In the matter a year ago lost fall j when Surratt was In Liverpool, and it is (pies- 1 tioned whetberbe did not then represent the , spirit of the Slate Department. The docu- | ments also show that the War Department, j about that time, directly advised against the I arrest of the suspected person. It is held i that these facts furnish stroug pro- j sumptlvc . evidence that the Pres- ! Idcnt was willing he should escape. | A point Is also made against Mr. Seward because it was necessary, as late as two 1 months ago, to send Surratt’s picture to 1 Minister King, at Rome. It was known J fourteen months ego that the conspirator { had gone to Enropc. The first thing to do as soon as confirmation to this effect was re- ! ceived, say Mr. Seward’s critics, was to send I his photograph to every diplomatic agent on the continent aud in Great Britain, so j that the identity of any suspected man { might he at once established. The most in- , efficient police officer. It Is asserted, could I not have done less. However, It is easy { enough to find fault, and In this ease there j is ample opportunity. Possibly the cor- I ropondencc that so many persons believe is I withheld woalddo something toward relfov- | lug the Administration from the charge of i supiueness in the matter for a whole year alter the assassination took place. ! One can’t help seeing In Surratt’s case i another illustration of the fact that great) criminals arc invariably careless In small matters, and thereby frequently furnish the cloc which leads to their arrest. He got I out of the United Stales, he kept secreted j for t-evcrul months In Canada, he ~was lost t« general human knowledge for half* year, | aud then practically reveals himself to a i eLaucc acquaintance and fellow-passenger ou the steamer from Montreal to Qacbcc. The most ordinary prudence. It would seem, ought to have avoided such stupidity. Then again, after escaping from this country, after übcaping from England, alter gettiug Into the Papal service, he meets a man who knows him, who knew him In Maryland and WuFhirgtan—he learns that this man Knows Ihiu, aud uot only doesn't attempt to get out of the way, but actually, from time to llu.e, puts blm in possession of very material sacls regarding tbe conspiracy aud the assassination. And this is uot tbc poor dolt, N'ed Spangler, nor the good-uatured Ipol, Hstrold, bnl the keen, sharp, shrewd .Trim U. Surratt. Surely, crime mast blunt (he edge of the Intellectual faculties, ns well as that of the moral sentiments. That “ time at loel makes all thiags even’* is also, Dcrhaps, illustrated In Surratt’s case. It was cause for just indignation that the Catholic Church, or, at least, priests of tho Catholic Church, gave him shelter and se crecy—■doing it in violation of the spirit, if übt of the letter, of bo’hhunun and Divine Iqw, because of his professed religious faith. What was once a matter of rumor and sur raise, is made, by this correspondence, a thing of recorded fact he was hidden and protected by Catholics In Montreal, Quebec, Thrccßivers,Londonderry and Liverpool. It Is gratifying that he was dually arrested by the highest authorities in the Catholic Church. There arc not wanting captious readers of the correspondence who insinuate that ids escape from Italy was connived at by the I’ipal officials, that his t rrest was only Car*, dfaial AntonclU’s plan for saving him from harm ; but J can find no warrant in tbc papers for harboring such a foal and infa- 1 morn suspicion. It seems to me, on the con- 1 trary, that the Cardins! proved himself our | friend in a very enlightened sense. A true man, to be sure, could have done no less than he did ; but, since the beginning of the rc- 1 hellion, wo have encountered so few true ■ men In the high places of Europe, that even much less than be did do would have given him bcnonvb’.c promlnetca in our eyes. He net only granted all oar requests, bnt, as soon as he was satisfied of Surratt’s Identity, he or dered his arrest without waiting the red tape formalities to which Minister King and Mr .Seward proposed resorting. For so much, and for proving that there lx a nobler man hood In hU Church than the Canadian and Erglish priests showed, onr thanks arc justly dec to the Cardinal. iThe present intention of the Government is to bring Surratt direct to this dty. He Is not likely to arrive under four or five weeks. He must, of course, be tried by the civil authorities; bat it Is doubtful If be is at once surrendered to them. Tbe Chief Justice of the District Supreme Court U Judge David K 1 Cartter, formerly of Ohio, and the pre sumption ts that the esse would be to man aged as to bring it before him. Judge A. B. Olin, formerly of Kew Tork, Judge Fisher, fesmeriy of Delaware, and Judge A. Wiley, of Alexandria, are his associates. The Utter Is.tbe partisan and crotchety Individual be fore whom the murderess, Mary Harris, was tried, and tbe trial of Surratt before him Is something that all good men should hope we muy be spared. . Whether a tsial before *ay Judge in this District could result in a conviction is, perhaps, doobtfuL A truly bfral jury micht be got, but the probabili ties are decidedly against such a belief. | ISIUEL. The Deserted Wife. (Prom the Detroit Free Press.) An interesting conple, giving their names aa Mr. and Mrs. Palma, took rooms at a boarding-honse In this clly a* few weeks since. At the end of tbe first week, board becoming due, tbe party failed to appear at sapper, and were accordingly sought for in their rooms. The wife was found in a par oxysm of distress occasioned by the pro longed absence of her husband. She slid he bad threatened to leave her, and she feared he bad carried oat his purpose. She was among strangers, without the means of returning to her friends or paying her board. To a late boor of the night her sobs were heard, ceasing only when the last boarder had retired, aer grief was inconsolable dating the days that followed, in,'which no husband appeared. The distress of the young and interesting wife, deserted by a cruel bus band, awakened the sympa thies of the boarders, and a handsome snb-- solptlon for her benefit was taken up'and placed in the hands of one of the number, a susceptible youth of eighteen years, who volunteered to make the presentation. He railed at her door and made known the object of hia visit- Mrs. Palms, overcome with emotion at the unexpected kind ness, leaned her head npon his shon.der and wept In gratitude. The Interest awakened grew stronger, and tbe young man. seeking to mitigate the Bufferings she was undergoing, offered to escort her to places of amusement. She readily assented, and for several successive nights they might h-vve been seen occupying a private box at one of the theatres. The confiding youth, ai her solicitation, advanced her a sum sufficient to replenish her winter wardrobe, which was to be refunded when she should hear from ber father. On Saturday last tbe landlady determined to seek for an interview with her lady, boarddr, and solicit payment of’two weeks’ board then due. and warn her Intention* for the future. With that view she knocked at the door of her room, hnt meeting with no response, she en tered tbe room, which she found deserted. A dilapidated old tt unk was tbe only article left by toe female. Since her sadden dcpailure |i has been ascertained that the husband and wife together left the city by the Southern Ridlrcad, doubtless to try the same dodge on some other trusting landlady and sympathiz ing boarders of some neighboring city. FROM EUROPE. Hrtbe Atlantic Cable—Goats Guaranteed by Cetrnmnt in the aits Asatotr Preael Ballders of Kebel Cmtsers—No more Fe» ntiLß Amat-Ueolh ot (he Baprm Car* loin. Pass, December IS—l p. m.—The Dulled Slates Government baa ordered tbe payment of one hundred and flltr millions of /races Into the court as security for the costs pending action to recoves *h? money paid fbr building tbe rebel ships in France, Our consul riated in court that mneb di plomacy was employed forobtslaing heavy claims against Enaland for Imildioi- Confederate ends* on ard for the depredations they bod committed on American commerce. The Fcrises keep qniot No farther arrests aro made. Stephens’ whereabouts Is a mystery. New Tone, December 15.—A prfvaie cable dot patch stales that the Empress CarlotU died at illramarlaM night. ■ Latest Farcin fllarkcin. LoMWijt. December IS—Nave. . Co*sols )i hlcher* Qootailooi are BSV. E-lc K»U. way sharer, 47; United EfataMT* 71. FsAxaroar. December United States 5-20 toads are gsoted mt 73V. Livxerooi- The cotton sales unlay were a JM holes. MlcdUog, uplands at ltd. , AStmar, December 15—Korn. . Petroleum, 53 francs. lowpojf, December 15-Xoan. | Petroleum has declined id. . Lovnos, December 13—3 p. ts. ■ Consols quoted at Bsv. far mcney. Loxpns, December IS—3 p. m. rotted States 7tv: IlHnou Central. 77 k; t'rle, XUKroad, 47V- LmorooL, December 15—9 p. tn. The cotton market was active and firmer, with an ad* of Vd per pound. Soles to-fliy reach 13.0 W b»!e» Blddlinxs, quoted at llj.'d per pound. FROM Tf ASHEfGTOX. Despatch to tbo C-hicagc Tribune.! WasmxaroH, December 13. . the p*x»ojert’« onoas xir tux DotErcx. noun. I The President'* evening organ bos tbe damps . badly over tbe passage of tbe DI- irlct Sutfrago Util.' It* leadcreo-dsyla headed with tbe Use, "Hang, be tbe Heavens with Block," and closes with tbo following pnragraoh: “This it another eteptowsrd tbe erection of a Yankee aristocracy upon tbe 1 ruins of tbe Republic.. A fsw weeks more and ao Car as this factional Congress can do it, the Southern States will be reduced to provinces, tbe whites disfranchised, and tbe nest step will be to disfranchise tbe Democrats in the North. Poore who were called ‘Peace Democrats* will first experience tbe effect of Yankee despotism, iben will follow all castes of Democrats, and gradually tbe people of the country, no matter what tbelr cattrlry, no matter wbat their political aeotiffleots, until New England alone la the gov erning power." mvESTTovnoK or the jtzw ocr.saHS hiot. Tbe New 0.-lcaiis Blot Investigating Committee hare closed Ibcir labors bere, and will leave for ibat city on Mocday. wmipnawan or pathoitaoe. ''be Secretary of (be Nary, not content with wbat he ha* hcreloloro dote to show his sub serviency to John I*oo lim, has jnat Issued an order wlttdtawiug the advertising of bis department from large numbers of Republican Union papers, andgivingil to journals of secession and ultra- Democratic tendencies, among which are the Bus ion JW, New York i.'xnrtst. New York World, Albany Argvt, Cincinnati Enquirer, Chicago Time, 4c. CHIOS PACtrtO JUJUJOAD. The Government Commissioners were to-day requested by tbe Secretary to repair to Omaha wl’hont delay to examine and report on tbe com* plctcd ninth section of the Union Pacific Kalfcay. General J. H. Simplon, C. S. A., the President of tbe Board, will leave tun city for that purpose os Monday next. waTiowu. sakk ccnnocr to tbe amonct of *314.410 was lamed by the act* log Comptroller of ibe Currency daring tbo week making ibe total sum leaned to date $>.'0,530,217. Prom tHa ecm should deducted fhOOMCi, being tbe amount of this currency cancelled. Paving the total circulation of national banks at the present date $t£8,131,9&. Ttjcasrnr msßcnansrejmi. The ot the Treasury on account of tbo War, Navy and Interior Departments, dur ing the wecK ending to-day, were as follows War Depamneni, ■53,CUJ,4U5; Navy Department, fS’AOCD; Interior Department, SIOT.WD, Total, nmuw ANxcrnxs. Bids for snpplylug goods to the Indians for tbo ensuing year were opened to-day at the Indian Office. Bios were pnt In by about t»eotyfive bounce. New York, rh'ladeipbla, Baltimore, and Si. Louts being represented. Tbe awards will not be made for tevcrol «laya yet carrara rox. Assistant Secretary of the Navy, returned to the Unl'ed Sla’c* last evening, and will slop In Boston (or a eboct time to make np bit report of his Emopeaa Journey. BALE OP COVSCHJrKHT GOLD, New Tonic. DeCflmbur J 5.— Washington specials ray a tuujoi liy or Congress is in favor of an early sale of gold. mmcuL arranu optuh post ornec dxpabt* HEHT. The following significant lacia regarding the f treocwl affairs of tbe Post Office Department have Jnstcomo to light: Prevlois to Mr. Johnson's de fection, the practl.-e In the Depart meal was to re fuse alt claimsol Southern Postmasters lorstamps sent to Richmond in iSdl, in ooedience to the or* due of the Confederate authorities, which orders we»e moat cheerfully obeyed. Tbe Government ronltl not but stultify Urelt by recognizing this transfer of United s>la c property to tbs Confede rate anthonth*, and Governor Dennison would never consent to it Mr. Randall ha«, however. Inaugurated a more humane and conciliatory policy, »nd fcas begun to relievo Sontberj Post* mailers from this sort of responsibility. Tbo fid lowing Is ore instance: •* Dr." M. H. Wheeler, of fsr. fiecsboro. N. C., sent to Richmond, in 1511, seme $355 worth of stamp!. Sometime since *lO carer lo Washington, saw Governor Dennison, UB tried to have himself relieved from any Tt* turns for these stamps, and was positively re futed. He made great profe'Sions of Unionism, **wae always opposed to secession,” " thought U was all wrong," "loved the Union most; flc%ot'dly,"waa compcl ed on aceonnt of the nc -ocl.-t.iUr9 01 bis family, to stay at home and keep quiet. 4c., 4c. On tbe same representations, and upon tbo recommendation of tne President, Mr. RttOall granted Ms request, be promising to psy tbe balance soon, which be failed to do. Soon al ter be left Washington be lamed np at Fortress Monroe among 'be "dlstincnlshed visitors" to Mr. Darts. Here ho figured in bU true character, net as "Dr," but Colonel Wheeler, late ol tbe Eighth Norrti Carolina Coclederate Cavalry, editor during the rebellion, and at this lime of an Isr.nential Journal, and a person of great local in fluence, He called lo pay Ills respects to Mr. Davis and one ot bis old and rained friends, and obtained a confidential Interview wilb blni. It Is scarcely possible that bsd Randall and Mr. Johson kiiotm his true cLsradcr that they would hart made him a present of $355 of Government money. ramrr sile.

Nrw Your. December 15.—A Washington spe cial says (be Senate Finance Committee will ue volu the Christmas frees* lo the preparation of a Tariff bill. coiotuso awo mnnassa will have to czj*nnge the word wbitefrom the Cone tiration In order to be admitted. ycacn raax.ccwßEJ*cr. WasiiracroH, December J3.—Fractional curren cy redcitne.'. f-iI9.DUi; fractional currency re ceived from Ibe printers, t3?d,OUO; shipped to Uitf United Sta es Ucpostwry a* Bnffslo. shipped to tbe United Sutes Depoeitorv at Balti more, fCO.OOO: shipped to tbe Assistant Treasurer at Boston, $100.0X1; shipped to tile Assistant Treasurer at New York, $100,000; shipped lo Na tional Basks. $‘58,8 0. UTtra. One burdred and sevctly-flve patents will be Is sued by tbe Patent Office lor tbe week endisg De cember 15. Fetcrrs received at tbe General Land Office, from tbe Junction City, Kansas, office, show tbat in ibe mcatn ofNevcroner. 11.00 acres of pnblle isnd were disposed of. r.COO of which were taken for aeiUeacit and enltlvatlon under tbe home steadlawtatd tbe balance, agricultural college sc* Ip ana Dounlr land warrants. ax*» tostms.oTTrxaa.To ms coseymrawre. Wasai*«TOH, December 15.—Senator Rooerts. ut Texas, addressed a Utter to his constituents to-day advising that tbe people exercise tbelr highest \lrtnes m msintaining law and order, and ,how tbenuclve* woitby of a better fate thin now se«as to await them. Be eaya to them: "Be t-operol and push forward tn-nstrial pnrjnlts. Develope the country and try to amend your own fortunes." prrajnxctr rxsrrosa. Congress baring adionmed over from yester day nnill Bondar, a large camber of Ibe Senators and Representatives have Improved the occasion to visii tbe White House and ibe Departments, boibofwLlcbwerc very nnmeronsly attended. Tba Treasury Department was especially lavored, the Secretary and his assistants baring Ultla op portunity to attend lo other business than tne reception Of visitors OVrBLAHt) EICUftSTOH TO SEW ORttITS. Tbe preparations for the exenrsioa from bere to Ne** Orlrscs over ibe Virginia Central and con necting railroads, are progressing favorably, and tin. a&lr promises to be a great success, A nom- Ixr ot Senators and Representatives have been in riled, and bare promised 10 join iheexemslon -Ist*, and adrices received from several of the dries to Le rial 1 d are to tbe effect that preparations will be made to give the party a hospitable recep tion and hearty welcome. The excar.lonUls will leave here on the fifth Inst __ csrarsax nEvxwrx Bicmrs. The receipts from Isternal revenue fo-oay were S&T.&7, and for the fiscal year to date, $133,- 700.1®. ho rraasexaz. u<n«LarioH rwro. arrxs the Ills n<>texpected that Congress wtD pass any ficacoal measnras onto after the hollosy*. Kxrotctae onm txzx rxsaaoa or tsx itmisz Tbe leading colored men here contemplate a fim meeting to rejoice over the passage of the ssfiragebiU.' iJtA. wau>u> Judge Pisher win prohaWv announce his decis ion m tbe Conover case on Tussdar. eitiumrs ros sittoui auz citctuTiot. Tbe Treasurer of tbe Doited State* bolds United State* bonds as security tot tbe circulation of Na tl oral Banks for s3io,ao«,©o; for depositories of public money $38,315,930. sold nr tbs Tnxssntr. Tbe Treasury to-dar holds 8^6,000,°00 In cold, of which twenty millions are held on gold cer tificate*. FBoa cnrcEmrx. Pmtb ofa Prominent JfMhodiat ClersVßma —Fell Dead—Escape of Convicted Harder* err, Ax. (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.) CtscunfAU. December 15. Rev. Geo. W. ilaley, of the M. E. Church booth, died at hi* residence In Urbana on Friday. Be was one of the pioneers of Methodism In ibe (Test, bnt went off on the slavery qnenion and connected himself with the Kentucky Coa- George Gray, steamboat pilot, fell dead of heart disease at hla residence in Covington, Kentucky, Winder Hammer, James Barnes, and A 1 ai der Bonn broke 3*ll In Pendleton County. Ken tucky, early th« morning, and tnido good loeir escape. Ihc two former were under sentence of doom for the. murder of Leotard Moss, about a year apo, whom they killed for tils mocav, SISS. IhrCM-spc was bssMM from the oct.-He. Tae miird>ren> were to bsvobeenbar»x Nnveinl»erV<d las', bnttre case wa* likes U> toe Comtof Ap tesfi', Inc decii>ioi> of which baa not b e» made Do*.tn, Piamtner (a about elx fc' , i one lochhlgb, and s a trout, «cll bail; man. Barn-a Is abonl five tcet*iz tsebes high, si’low complexion, and has lost ibn sight of one eye, Co’ Wn. B. Gt'v, one of noseerans* Topo rrapMra) Emrlneow during the war, Is here urg ing Cincinnati in e> chants to assistM the eon* true* tion of the taliroad hence to CbiUmwoga. FBOM BADISON. (IRlctnl Returns of tbe Late CsngteAslonaJ Eicctmn—-Rvnob lcaa UaJoraties la tbs State 23.011. (Ppcclri Pee; etch to ihc Chicago Tribune.) Uabisoh, Wls.. December IS. The Stale Board ot Canvassers bare made pub lic official footings of the result ot the district elections In tbe state. Tbe foIIo«lng are (he looiiitrain‘.be dlflerent Congressional districts; First District— Itepabllcan, Paine, 11.178; Demo- CrSlJc,Bio> Second bl-tdct—Republican, n. pklns. t’emocrmlc, Prate, R.SIX Third Dlstrirt—Repnhllcao, Cobb. 13,008: Dmnocrailc, Virgin* V? l *’ Fourth District—Kenaullesn. Hatch, 10. US; Drtnooalic, Kldrtdce, 19.5DG. Flfth Dhtict —Sawyer. 144*1; D- mocnitlc, Mkrtin.9.Vi7. Sixth District—Republican, Wssbbarre, 15,181; Dtmo crotie. Park, 6,0f7 Total rote for Congressmen te J2i,71», of.Thlcb 79,823, Is KopnWtcan, M.liti, Democratic. Bepobiicau majority in the State, site:. Tlicvote on the amendment to tbe Banking Law*, toxit'g shires ni nock In National banks, is *9,714 tor. and 431, acamst. The vote tor the'Constitutional Convection was 22,421 against - Progress on tbe fount Pacific Railroad. (?j ccbl Def patch to tbe Chicago Tribune.) fiyj iia, via cocxcu. JlLcrra, December 14. The t ack of the Union Pacific Bailfdad Is com pleted fot $S miles. 570 miles have been accept ed by Government. The remaining thirty-five miles sow await acceptance. FKOII Hi-.W TfOKK. Cescresuaen VfaUlos ibr CUyAwNPri®* ttonfora N'ctrl’Ml Office stite—A HpWCP ranm Oietm»ry and Lotm ol Wfo— Specie Hhlpmeatp-Tbei Trieaneoat®e CarrencrQae«(ioa. Kmr Vokk. December 15.—General W. A- Pile,; me mber cl Coujoesa elect tiotn the First District, 01 JiJipjnan,-to-mormw (anndaj) evening, will 1 presch a» ibe Old John Street Method Lit Uonrch. r CcLeial tjoidoti tiimccr, fion*. F. C. Beaman, of Xlcblgati, aid J. L. Trimbl.-, of Keatncliy, are here. TL > Congressional 'VVhlskcy Fraud CommtUre; L* re 10-day, buiadjoamed till 51ouday.i TbeCoiaimiu.Coa»»c'l loMay appropriated tialra „nilkon ot dollar* tor the proposed site for a new. cost office lb the City Part. _ „ ■ The rfenarc Committee on Poblie Expenditures, meet bereMunda* to a*CTtain tbs salaries and Ja tlc* of Frd. ial office-bo’.der*. Hc* V Bei to-day bold in *5,003 bonds to to answer the ebanjr of keeping ae illicit distillery. A EUbterraMeat distillery to Hoboken was aelxcd. ibis morning. A man tru fined yesterday in Jersey City for storing petroleum on bia premises. i E. M. Bruce died In this city 10-day of been: dUea*c. ' Mew Your, December 15—Byac exploslo a of i barrel ot burning fluid la Use kitchen ol tbo Compton Bonse, la«t evening, two persons werei killed and etx petrous badly burned, includin'*' ilr. Complo*, ins-proprietor, among tholatter.* - Belmerdlrcer’a state factory, on liberty street, i bus damaged twenty inoueauddollars worth. Mat' dab 1 ., by are. Slaskey &Co ’a hardware rooms i ueie also burned. m j Tbe steamers ’ City of Paris, Enrone and ’ An.erica took out. to-day a million dollars ini **Tbls* morning's 7*ribvn* strongly flavors a contraction ofthc currency, tn-isavs: "TLcexist ing restriction upon tbepowerof the Secretary of tbe Treasniy to riibdraw legal tenders should be loonned. Conjrr&'S can do tbe country do worse \ service than to let tbe mistakes of last spring gov ern ’cgl-MUcn tb'-s winter. At least, tet us have a bcclt.rlng; let something be done to tear tbe painted paper masks from the prosperity we icaUypossci'S. Let a* led ibe ground we stood on. There Is no tsfety In eay other course." FROM MISSOURI. A Tight with Bi»abwbneher»*-One of thr Hr. ad CiMcdood Others Wennued—Deary friiff Hiorm—Dissatisfaction Evinced at ilin RoTctnot** Dllillln Order* Sr. Louis, December 13.—A special from Ja3er- Fon City fcßja the bushwhackers came Into Lex ington io f..ree yesterday, under oommuad of Pov] «i.d Clemens. Colonel Montgomery de manded the surrender of Clemens, and upon his refnml a fight ensued, in which Clemens was killed and other were mortally vrcmi.laa. Colonel Montgomery has arrested Mveial of the mo>t prominent sccos-lOLltt?. and holds them as b outages for the safety of loyal citizens. St. JorxPix, December l.‘>—A heavy, driving snow etorna bs« pro ailed since 2 a. m. • The snow is now fifteen inches deep -nth no signs of the stoim ceasing. Wind, northeast. Feats are en tertained that all the railroads will he badly blocked. Colorado papers of the 7th ultimo report a band of Cbcvcnne Indian 4 prowling around Living Spring, torty miles from Denver, with apparent hostile intentions Sr.Locti*, December 15 —The largo new eating honte at Smilbson, on the Poclrc Ktilroad, was burned on Sunday last. Loaf, fiO.OOO. It I* Mated that General Hancock has eeotn etsft officer to leadocto’i to Investigate the pro ceedings of (be militia at that place. - It Is reported that tho Secretary of Stale de clines to give a certificate to Colonel StvclUler. Congressman elect from the Ninth District of Hisfourl. Haln and sleet fell here all the morning, and about two inches of snow this afternoon.'with a prospect ol a heavy Call of snotr to-id’hi. Tho •row Is from tho northwest. Snow has fallen throughout Central .Ml**omi, Kansas, and.South cm Nebraska, varying In denth from three to fif teen Inches. Navigation »s closed above here, and a suspension i» speedily looked fur below. , C»TT, December 1$ —Considerable dl— FAtie faction is expressed among both Radicals and Conservative*, at the Governor's proclamation stationing militia In Jackson County. The pres- ence of troops throughout will produce a stagna tion of bustress, and thcheavyiar for their sup port will clop the present rapid flow of emigra tion to ILL; section, ihe Sheriff of this County pledge# himself to serve any legal process re quired, with assurances of needed assistance fioin c'tlxens. Dlgnt incncs anuw fell to day, and autl falling. FROM DETROIT. Death et o. Newspaper Poblli'hcf-BftbberT ol a Michigan Central Jtallroad r-ale, Detroit, Mich., Dceem-er 15.—Intelligence hat hr*-} received here of the death of E. P. Gor dlcer. one of the oldest rodents of Ann Arbor, In lhl» State, and the foonder of the Argv* news parierta uat town. - we Jearo. by a tpeeial telegram from Jackson, that the safe belonging to the Michigan Central Ifailrcad Company was blown onen at an early jKmr list evcritig. and a considerable ram of money stolen I herefrom. No arrest* hare yet been mace. FROM. VIRGINIA. Dr, Watson Held far Mnrdcr—Hist Be tween U httci and Sctrort at Pormnoßib — l Three Alto Kilted. .**creral Woanded* nml Four B'-Ihling* Domed, l.icnxoxn. Vs . December 15—-General Fcho deld bus decided to hold Dr. Watson tor trial for the tnnrdcr of a negro. Tee Cotrt bad previously icfnfcd to hold him for trial before a jury. 'lbrco white men were tilled and scrvral ne* grots and whit- a wounded In a riot at Ports mouth. Va., yeslerdity. Four buildings were nmsed also. South Carolina Legislature! CdabusioN, S. December 15.—The Legis lative Committee recommend that the Coa.dia llosai Amendment be rejected. The committee »lfo protest against a call for a National Conren tion. . The Donee postyoned the rympathetlc resolu tions to JciZ Davis. ‘ Oar new city railway was iningu rated to-day. Virslnta Leelslainre. i Rinmovn. Ya.. December 13. —The Senate rafted the Uonse bill postponing the payment of interest on debts nrtll >hc fir?t of August nest. Beth bouses elected on a joint ballot a Secretary ot the Commonwealth and AndJtir of Public Ac cot ntr. There was no opposition to the proseat incumbent*. TUE FREEDHEVS aOSCaiESr TO PRESIDES! LTSCOLS. tetter from Harriet K. Dosmrr. IProm the New Haven Palladium.} Our readers arc undoubtedly aware that a monument to the lamented Lincoln, to com memorate the proat act of hii admin istration, the Emancipation Froclamt tion, to bo located at Washington, has been for pome time in contem plation. The idea originated, and bos been hitherto been generally sustained by the ireedtnen, and the first'contribution to the monument (of fire dollars! tnu made bv a poor negro woman In Marietta, Ohio. The gentlemen who bare bad the matter in charge, hare secured a design from Mias Har riet E. iiosmer, the distinguished American sculptor, now residing fn Italy, and the letter from the artist, which we give below, and which is now published for the first time, gives a succinct and Interesting ekclch of the general idea of the monument, wßub she has ingeniously and carefully worked cot. We may only add that the monument Is to be made of New England granite and bronze, and that the estimated cost will be $250,000. The following is Miss Hoetner’s letter: James C. Yeansoa. £aq., President of the Freed man's Monument Association t bis: la dealguiagn monument to record the lire atd service* of Abraham 1-incoln. I kareeo deaioredlo express the idea tbit tbs Temple of Fuse which «e erect to his memory. U based upon tbs two groat acts of hie administration, tix.: the emioctpatloß of tbs • slave, sad the preservation ot the American Union. Coffins cacing. however, with his early history, 1 hire rep;e*€HUd the services of the President* life, bj the (bar bi»-relle r e which surround the iotrer base, la the first—hll birth; hla journey through Ibe woods to 14* near home in lodtias: and fads occupation as builder ofloc cabin*, rall epliUer, fist-boatman and Ciumer. Id the second, J«i stamp-speaker, m member of Lecisla tore: as bidding farewell to ha coastha eats and fnenda , at Springfield; »sfl as taking the o«lh of President of the United Stales at Washington. Is (be the third—(oar memorable event* of the nr—the bombardment cfSoater, the capture ot Mobile and of Petwv t'crrr. and the surrender of Let at Appoaatox. In the toanh—the assassination, the faueral proses tkm. and the final interment at Springfield. Upon the circular colorant which enclose these bat-reliefs, and crowning the first base of the temple, are placed four etataes, representing the condition uj the negro as U acatallf existed at cinerent period* of the President's four jean of ofiice; first, as exposed la chains for sale; second, npon the plantation ; IfaL-ta, as cold* *od «ilst -at to oor troops ; sud fourth, as a soldier, and a freedmaa. Above those columns rises so octagonal base, four mm ot which contain tbe inscription*—Abraham Uo* coin ; martyr President ot the United States ; cmandMlorof lonr millions of men; preserver of iho American Union. Upon this reMs * ekeu- Jar base, forming the immediate base of the tem ple, a pod which Is represented a bat-relief com posed Of thirty-six lemale figure* . hand In baud, rraboliral of the ontnn of tbe tMrtj-slx Stated. Upon this rise the four column* cf ihc temple, snppoi ting a co.nice. opoo which are inscribed the concljumg words of the tman clnation Proclamation: " And upon ttl*. sin cerely believed to bean act of justice, 1 invoke the considerate judgment of manldnd. and the en cions favor of Almighty God.'’ _ .. Within the teinple,aeianieorihe dead President rests npon a sarconhaans. and the! four mourning rlcioiics, with trumpet* rereraeo, which guard and «nrronnd the whole, record the great sorrow of the nation, stricken down at the moment of n-oclaiaise its triumphs. „ . . V It is Idleness to say that tn so amaH a spaa)ibnt lii:le stndr could bo given to details..should ip ? <ortuiJtv be afforded , me of completing the t d-vl/n. upon a larger scale, “7 *“»«”?- i>etita and acoevsiona would be Introduced: fjr icsiacce, toe Historical -woxfid rareml portraita of individual* and Pisces; in tbe orcnlar bas-nllafe the tha'acter isdcs of each separate Siau wonld be preicrved, and the sbieidaTaflixed as architectural orna cent*, wonld have their appropriate coats-of an»f. The object thna far in my design, baa been merely to convey to Jon an Wat of iU ehcct, and of the manner In which I ehoald propose to Illustrate> i« historr pf tfa «reat man. whose life was so rich In event* thatU only remains for the artist to give prominence to lu most brilliant passage*, \ci*>i wpxt q?—tee of ekffl this has been done, I now leave yoa and other* to detmmtae. nd 1 have tbe booot to bc.rery ies«cl^il^y^w» Lxcnoßs, September 13, JBdd, THETRUSSEU MANS’. AUfIHTERi Trial «f K«7 Oosgrlff TheCaso Cob clndcd—The Evidence— | men's of Counsel—-The j Instructions* Xiic Verdict—‘’On© Tear to tho Pcal- ico Clary* SCENES IN OOOBTi The crowd in attendance on Saturday rooroitp upon the court where the 'ale of Mary Cos griff, allot Wollfo Tra sell, «xa abortly about to sti lled, was immense. At an early period, fully as hour before the time for the curator inotthe court, there *as an assemblage of persons so crest as warranted the detailing of» police offi cer in aid of the bsiU2» to keep the peice. A larse number of beetle-browed and soma ararfed toad men were present, ana under the shadow pf broad brimmed hats were to be seen a few of (hose countenances which condemn roetf n the lirscitaUoO of peaceable dtiaena, the raorrso if there is a-meeting-between the nJzeo and the possessor of lbs eomrtenanco re a secluded spoC rionptly asVe dock strork tea, tho already well tiled rourrroojn lonod the presence of the £ trues to tbe legal conflict, except the centra? gcre—the prisoner. The .Presiding Judge was on the bench; the attorneys were iq their aeata; tbe bailiffs were at their po«ts. and the bystanders were ;ilest, excepting always those who would lose the chance of I earing by reason of their op t otli ullf of seeing tbe prisoner, as, under escort ol ike Snerlu, she rhoulil come to rename her seal at the bur. Haring the morning ses-ioa no Is males, rave one, was present. She a tall a’«d rather stUow-ta«d lady, with au execrably fitting hat, trimmed with green ribbon, pushed her way through ike crowd, with many anxious inquiries aa to which was the nrisener. She would un doubtedly have a*cendeil the bcuch in search of the dcftausnt~Bcd hart her fert upon ila steps— had not a hull-: klt-dly Informed her that Urn In icresung individual lire not yctbeen brought in. 1 Le mark of disappointment os her countsssnce attic reception of Ibis loformstloa was only equalled by ibe greater disappointment which v as depicted at a subsequent period, when, a-klog coo of the prisoner's counsel to stand aside to allow her to take a full view ot the culprit, bo told her she ought to be a-bamrd of herself. Ihe prisoner wts brought into court at five min utes past ten. ihe-c «*<» apparent a* greater do ctee of surety depicted upon her couotenaoce than prevailed on the preceding day; but there was « mixed aspect, for theie seemed to be seme confidence. U is probablo that she bad buoyed hendf up with hope, in tho opportunity to eppeii to the sympathies of the jury by tho re capitulation cf wrong?, and when she saw tho fabric ovctimredby tbe ruling of law Irotothe mouth ol tbe venerable Judge. she appreciated that hbe, like, as Le expresenfllt, • wife, acquaint ance cf or mutineer to. the deceased, must be judged by tho .aw. to the extent which too mild' fonn of inc Indtcunentolibwed. she came to there were murmurs of inoc ulation. Some in the crowd went already caleu laiisg the rhoncev, and those who find a Uscina tion in liHeciag to ihe details of crime, or in 100 {crasal of tb>-last sensation, or the viewing of atot>c, were a* anxiously consorting together in converse as to tbe resales, aa thougn the* them selves bad been on trial and she were the looker on. The qualifications ol he several lawyers wore discussed, and the old /uuntuttoT the court, who hoTcheaioa'liLe lawyers speak, were dilating Uxrciy upon the power of this sad that attorney, in the case. The general resQlLrfO Car as could be learned at ths reporters’ table, was that ever/ one thought the I riioncr would be acquitted, or, if corrined, woxdd not »ee the insifl* of tho Pe n cowrEMnr op cocnx. All dieenwlon was, however, bustled; when Mr. Wilson, of cuosm) for tie ptlscner.-rose and staled that Mr Robert Forsyth, whom nc deemed to be fin itnportantwlißcsj on Ids sWe.bad con temned tbe sobpoetur of the coart. ana absented himself by gokg to Oswego, New York, axlcrscr-, rice of (ha process. For the present, no remedy seemed to presi-ut Itse’f to m.-cl attcb ncocleript, and the matter there rested. WILLiaX DOUGLASS was then called cn the paU of the dc'cnce. Be teetifltd as follow*; I ome to Chicago- Aognt-t, 1850, and have been sn offle.-r since May 2, 1555, ni»u was such on September -lib. I took charge of pi boner when she wa* brought to the ei»iU-.»; I ebould iniuJ. about nine o'clock. There was then h spot on ber forehead, red and a lilUc raised op, ns though she Bad been struck, tier clt.ihoa were kind of-loose here. (btea«!;; the buttons Lind of torn open. Q. Did yon ever see Ibis person before with btr face blackcuort! Objected io on tbo ground l fbat this has no ten dency to prove that there wjb an Immediate, nr ■ gent unit recesulty to kill deceased. Connfet for prisoner protV»rs to »how that pria occr was previously attacked and boaten by de ceased, and to follow It up by showing that he bad assailed others in conn* rebra with tbit event. Ihls to show that havings knowledge of his oU po-ltfoo. his violent temper,-and the atnolnte oangvr of In* violtnce, the }«ifoucr was jnshfled, on an attack hci< p made, to act with greater sptfd tliau In tbe case of an nnknown or ordinary aesailaot. Argued on the part of the people that it cannot be shown unless the quarrel was continuous hrem the time of ihe occurrence mill the moment of the bouicideAtbuv makirs one quarrel, the entire tacts concerning widen may be snows. The Court sustained the ob'cctic n.oa tbe ground that nnle*s the unam-I were jbowa to bo cou:mu on* it could not uc exhlidn-d, as there might have been time in which passion could cool, and In which icpcniaiwe mlgbi hove tai;m lb - place of hatred and a acsire t*> abuse. Tbe Coun, how ever, requited that tender of testimony be made br dir ct questions to the witness, that each might in order be objected to and passed upon. If there rhould Loativ o’Jection to It. <{. Have yoo at some time before this last affray son this defendant with her fhee beaten nna bt sired S • Counsel propO'cs to show la speaking of this (bat l> he had soco a woman be would loach ber not to follow him io anv public piece. Oojc-cred to; ttuu the time Is not fixed. <(. Did >on Lave any conversation wUhTmssell, some time about a, concerning his hav ing beaten the prisoner f Objected to; toot It is too remote. Objection sustained because it ts not recent, (beta being time for his rassiuo to cool. q. I want to ask yon whether, a short time fitec, you were piuumt in a noose of provQtotioa kept by the prisoner, and received money lo bear his expense* i Oracle! to, and objection sustained. Cu’iufcl f*.r jirisouur sow oscr in evidence that seeb «w lie tact. Not allowed in. H. btr/.e wleilwr Triuscb a shart time since, •old yon b hail a son by this woman at school at Sotru B«.r.d. Oi-jceted tej and objection sns'alncd. 0. A «bo:t tin-p before (HsbeatmijatWHchtM «*!ooo. did Trtueell oscr lo bet yon a bottle of «fne hioiitc Truecll was at the door waiting for joul lb«- object stated to be lo show that her being at (be place was by the procurement ol tbs dc- CVflSjfi. Obj' cted to, its objection sustained. At this pots:, one ot th* scene* which some time? ctenr, to be deplored alwa'a, ctia »cd. Oo ihe ore fide wpathe accusation t’.at ncouurel fqircstn cd the gautMl g interest: op the older sloe ires tie retort that t'>at came well from a firm always employed by such like clients. There •.* ere fneb threat* as arc included ia the wo:ds, “1 will attend to four case In time;** "I have no fears at ill/nf what yon cun do l" “Wc have no team.of a mau who got pay of gamblers to defend t; e men who killed Ibis man's driver." an J snch Ike. Of course It caused lanabler among tie crowd. while it grieved , the sensible apd refecting of the auditors. When i the matter \> ould bare stopped, imlear for a kind ■ ly word dropped Irom the Coart, It teemed hard • to far, but suddenly a# it commenced, the storm ol u-vvcllve -nb-Hed and the case proceeded. Ci wra* a very spot on the forehead; I did not seeprinoacr next mnra .lng except as etc went out of the room; aba ibvu ; art b< Dt-ct and veil on. w«. B.ctnßsnax was next examined. In snb-tance his testimony was as follows: 1 reside at J ; g? Indiana avenne; i tta a clerk in the Chicago TrmsrxE office; I sav prirctK-r on one occasion al Seneca Wnaht’s; it was on the occasion of the killing; 1 bad Just got through my work and was going home, trying to caret) a car, and when 1 pot in front of Price's sla nt? 1 raw a well dressed woman step oat of aback cud co into the saloon; I thought that w*s a singular proceeding. so 1 iboncbt I would sec what was color on; I looked over tbe screen and saw her jro U> a crowd of tail), r-be spoke to one of them. Da took bold of her arm a".d turned her round with her face to’be door ard pushed her before him until he cot her outside. De still retained bold ol her with bis left hand and drew bscfc and struck ber several times in the lace with hisrtght fist, and somebodv Hum tbe iu*id<) took nold of him. He had hold of her mantle and tore it ahont half (ftot Let; she then pot away and stepped to tne other side of tbe door and be got loose from bla fi Seeds and came back and took nold o' ber again and then struck ber again. Then tbe pat h;r baud In her breast asd pulled on; what I thought was a dldc and ran it in the duor at him. I tbonsbttnat a curfou- way to nsc a dirk. I beard no re, on. She then tamed round and (beard the clickofarevolverbel-gcoekedand aha fired, again. Then (he went into tee saloon and I heard'v two shots after that. 1 then went into the staid* way and saw a man lying on the floor on his face 1 think, and this woman was lying down on top, ol him crying and bclloaisg. She said *• Ob, my Gccrce I—my George have I ktited von V’ 1 was cm tbe north aide of thtfeidewalk. 1 dirt net e* e Wo. Price there. I did rot notice a**j one standing there particularly. IVe firti time lie atmek ibre*- or four limes. She vu ihen ontside. down on the first step. Be wa* Sailed in, and ah* did not go In again until ebe red. 1 can't be mistaken of this, unless she went In before 1 rot there. 1 saw her go in when ale fired. As si* commenced firing 1 moved further on, and he was inaide then * 1 could see tome portion ot him. 1 think he bit her because t aaw it; I d!o not tear the blows: 1 could see his band and that it touched ber face. Iloefcedto eeeli the flat was doubled, it was his right hand acd «lib the left 1 think he bad hold of her ibouldcr. , Bp ifr. Wilson—(Diagram exhibited.) 1 stood a Mule to tbe east of the doorwhm (be shot. Counsel tor the defendant obmd now to prove that two Tears since this last summer, Trussell beat and knocked down the defendant, end best her brutally in the street; and at tbe time be s» beat her be bad npoa hb person a deadly weapon, which fact »bc knew. - This was objected to, and the objection was tm talced on tint ground that the time was too n m«te. The evidence wt« thus dosed. Mr. WU«ob then proposed to submit the cose s-Hliout a/guncst Nr. Smith dedteed tbe offer, stating that the Frofecml’ig Attorney deemed M his duty In a case of this importance to fulfil all bis dmy. ; Charles H. Reed, Esq-, tb«n summed np the case fbr the people. In snt&Ui-ce he Mid that hi order tnicsilfythc killing, there mast have existed at the Instant ot the LotaicWe, the reasonable appre hension ol neat bodily barn. ' Counsel then recapitulated the testimony, com* zsrndnc at the sanding into the saloon of tbs note to TrrwcO by the prisoner, relating the arena rtaoc»B of ber proceed Inc Into tbs saloon, and fol lowing down to the tussle between the parties ta the ciuhisg her non the saloon. usd the firing of the i hot outside, the door. thence be carried the defendant to the falling of the deceased. At the total of the flnt shot the tevUtaony on tbe part of tie people la that no one be.d her. Com menting now npon U>e lesthooay nt the defence, I« masked tbe variance between tbe state* taect of witnesses; two men present, trilb equal op portunity, state that they saw no blows giver*, when a third witness describes five blows, and vet ibese blows resulted only In a slight mark npon the forehead. lie would rot accuse tbe last' mines* of perjury, bat be believed bis to be crossly mistaken. , - Here acain be died the statute to show that tbe tilllnc most he an imperative necessity for the party killing to ki’l to prevent groat bodily barm, in ibis case, after beta? pushed oat of tbe taloon, the does nut avoid a conflict, bnt she fol lows np tbe party, making herself (be assailant, carrying teraelf beyond the purview of the stat ute. He held. In view of the law. them w« notsnfß* clcst I nails cation, even of a bare fear. An as sault and Vatlerv will never warrant a homicide. Ilfs theory as to the delivery of tne mortal wound was that it wasat tbe Urns of the second £ *Be referred to the opening of Mr. Asay, to show (hat It was "*■*!»* op of statements of the intention to present evidence whkn was known to be Qle csl asd Iradmlesble. Be paid especial aitentton to the letter which dm prisoner sent to'' tbe deceased, to show that when the homicide was committed, she was bursting with iea’oasy. She at that time haled btm, and to m-et blci fhc armed her?ell. Bad she been Indicted lor mnroer, tbe Introduction of this letter would bare avoided a clue to a motive, and would have beco a strobe evidence of malice oreocuse. If jiuudestl' n conld succession? be pleaded m this case, then so longer was life aafe in thU com jacxJty. Upon the slightest provocation a flying man might be shoi until aland ball pierced his body and laid hha helpless. An acquittal in each a ca«e as this would be an invitation to ignore exuding law, and to resume again the tciueae right which Lad been yielded op bf the Individuals of cverv community for the common good, llaoassaolt veremale It was such a one *a did rot come within the tenor’ot tbe law, and in tbe absence of direct proof of the immediate teas of danger be demanded the falilmeat of.lhe law and the vicdlcation ofjajtlcc. Tie,evidence of Docglaes vent only to a slight bruise, and it vis such a mark as copld not vindicate the violence of attack contemplated by the statute. In conclaaicn he reminded the Jury that a duly Tfi* ptnsg to an outraged CP mm unity, aad'ht? br?s*d Ultra to he wary not to allow prejudice to take the ulace of conscientious jndcmeou • ibe eottrt then adjourned nu ll two o’clock, • » - AFTERNOON SESSION. * The comt room was jammed with each as de sired to bear ite arirnnenw ot counsel A titw iocredlcst entered into iho composition of the audience, as there wen* present not a few of the senior numbers of ibe - bar. There was al o the two females of the previous day’s presence, and cull the woman wiifi the sreeii ribbons These constituted all of their sex who were in the coart loom, and to them wero siren front teats. Who. tfe prisoner had bran produced and the iarr called* air. Robert S. Wilson addressed thejory. He* u is areal, spoke .ot the jurors and. the reasons why these had been relected of all who were precedted. They ban been taken ba theirhono*,andlheywefeoo!y aakodto act In view of their oat ns. Be intended toargoethla case from a stand point higher than that occupied by tha prosecu ting attorney, who bad referred the jurors to the results whim mnst lellow (o them if they sequit ted iheptwoacr*whenth?j resumed ihelr places, in the commnnily. He woold direct them to that final tribunal whcia thde doth* are registered. This is the case of a dcf-:uoile*a woman against whom the . power ■of toe government is arrayed. In such a case the stronger power la booed lo honor to produce au the testimony for (be consideration of the jury, and yet, here, witn«3«es endorsed upon the indictment,who were ore-Aitneascs of the trass* action, bad here omitted to I>r called, and no ex planation of >hc orafcrioa la given. Tbe main «Unesa is one Seneca Wngbt, who swears to a tea years'-acqnalntasce with the deceased, and yet sever knew wtaat bis occnpaToa was: tod yet Hr. Patrldge, who was a party who sought to quiet TntsseU, Is kepi T 3 the haeicibundandnuEcard. On the testimony of such a man as bright he would not hang a tfhrlstain tells the truth, and Price tells it m b* saw; one saw the blows struck.‘anti.the other raw the bond raised. Ccttld It then be poarible that Wright did not ssc this? When »h« prcsccu’jcra was commenced it was upon lie theory that the tot bullet was the total one. Now the people’s attorney has sought to clancchte tselies, and he claims the second shot as the total one. Why is this? It Isa virtual admt-Blon that the first shot was ioshfied. This was rot t by another point, for if the jury had a reasonable doubt as to which shot caused the death, thcaanacqnhtal was hound to follow. He should also contend that if the tot ebol was Jus tified. then eil further firing wo in like manner He contended that the scene fbthriving tho death, tho evidence of immedtetb' comrllloo, and the crying aloud, aud- the dl*-. tiacted moed. proved that, i'j killing, she was Impressed with the necessity, of beg act, and ice sorrow rhe felt at the necessity. He denied that Tnwsell was tlcelng wten bcwaa first shot, and explained away the absence of maibs of blows upoa the prisoner’s face by tho sisieroent that the irrideece showed thxfhegsvo not the full fotce of his arm, because he was to some extent restrained; *b. c. s. aowxs srxscu. Hr. C. B. Jones followed on the same aide. He narrowed the question down to the coasideratloo; as to whether the a«BaaU-was of such a nature as to raise a reasonable apprehension of great bodltyj injnry. fie argued as new points la tho case, that there were silent wlroearns of the fact that a v!o-> ; Iral assault was made. These were the rending* ■ of tbe prisoner’* breaking off of her breastpin asa the lots-of herbraeJeh and: the prostration of herself after the commission of the aced upon* (be lifcle&r and bleeding body of deceased. He argued that the find abolronat have iweu thei one which caused Uio death, «ad this heiug ja.«U-j fled tc defied conviction oa tie o’hcrs, for oc| an assault no dMiloncoold be made. No one! could be competent to say wt;a the necessity of claying ceased to rxiat,and U ber ftaring Ima?- barton it muet have sen med that death alone, conld save her from abnse. Bythc'firstsbotshe! waded into the Bdvenmre too deeply to dravr back,and to esrspe front certain vengeance, it won’d cotnrally teem mat fin adfar.lace gained mod be followed op nttil the shield lay ber as* sailont at ter feet S. O. ASAT*« ADDBX9B. Mr. E. Q. Asay concluded tbe czfrtor tbe de fence. Tbe point dwncsed by- him was tbe eflfcal of the vxku nee of a doubt wlucb should asqull the prisoner. Zlc confined himself exclusively to this,■ excepting when he spoke of the prisoner. In whose behalf hh made a vigorous appeal. He esvtniaed tbe ert-1 deuce, to show that there roust lis a donnt. He chimed tbs benefit of all doubts, and called upon the Jurors to remcml'eTtbo lenl of the law. introduced a* an oOet to the Kchnical rules which haa of ncccsdiy to prerent fraud being adopted fur (be frustration of tie cuds ot justice. mtcwnifs anonrKwr. Mr. Sidney Smith dosed the ca-e. The opening of his remafke were given over to personal m li ters, arLting from the course oi the trial, and it was sometimes interrupted, until hy actual inter vention of the Court, u was put an end to. For tbe pun oeo of atCrmpimg to screen Ibelr client, tbe counsel for tbe prUoccr. wlao be opened bis case, and when bo finally argued it, stated that George Trussell w.v* tbe sod acer cl hb client, lie mace a series of cliargss against btm who Is cold in bis tomb and cannot reply to-tbe Infamous attacks on bim. Uis excuse was, if it bad not been fur the technicalities of the law be would have proved these s-atvmcuts. Did they oßcr to prove that ho was ber seducer? No: end they bad no evidence to prove the proposition, aud it bail no truth in it, and they knew it was fal<c nbvn it was maOo. This woman has turned out to be a wo man of tbe rof.n, but that the de ceased brought her to that condition M denied. Dcrerfor her bad she not fallen, r i teller had It been it be b&d sever Sven ber. .a JdC>7 sue came hero a* a woman ot the town, a-m » year nr two roars alter, Truesdi made bcrac i Quin tas cc. which rraaltcd In an -Illicit intimacy which baa had an nnforlcnatc ending. On the 4th of September, *1 rnseell having come ftum New York with hi* hors,*, sbe hvcams K-aloua ox him, and all kiow when women of this description so be come. they are p«ac*Bed of ibo mo»l rnrions pas sion. Under the Imlucnca of tbt- pa-sion she cuiiFf d a note to be wtiU«n to him: - You have not kept vonrccib. and 1 ceaitot k.-ep mine. 1 want to see yon i«iore I break it. and must." Wbot else does she? she pnta ibe letter In bsr pocket to accomplisbber purpose. The same girl that wrote (be boU gave her tbo pl*ioL Tims armed she resolved to take him f.uoi ul* builncss at alt eiv&ts. She had sent for - Shanghai chwh-t,” 'be backnun, acd. him sbs dlrecm to drive a own Randolph *lreec sad If he see* Trus*-il to let her know. iUrwlil UcccomjUsbsd and de ceased is seen. The note If sent la, uud Xrajscll Is engaged In bmlneas. lie reads ibe note, and says nothing. Ibis tbe hackoan resorts lo hei—atd lie ieiis her that -Tr as .jell Is busy aid should not be Icterruoted ; even bhatchai Cbarley.paollle*sbscknißn, had a* much propnety oa to know tt was not au occasion when he t Loald £e interrupted. At that 'itnu Ibe driver o! Dexter came alon*. and eka told him to go In and oet him out 'fbe clnver did so, and Tracsell came out, told her be busy and could not be interrupted, and Iter ret busi ness. la tbu impioperl Next she became furious aad remarked, “ I will go in acd bring him otu.” She niches inui the eaioon, him by the collar, end says, ’’George, 1 want voa." Undoubtedly this excited bim. and ha I ushed ber towaidtbe door. Who then Is the as «ault:ng party* What could he do! He pn-he* ber tov atd tbo door. £bo got loose fioui him. or he fiom her, ana be returned to the saloon. Did r-hc go home? No. Urea although Senrca Wripni, at ber request, bod promised that ha fhoold go toh«r bouse, she remm* again, end strain I- pm oau be tetumiag. as be gat* icslde the door she started to pursue him, draws a pis tol, puts it to Lis side and waps it; be retreats, asdai am she eLoots, and the outlet goo* lo tbe Lerrt. Then be exclaims, ”My God, 1 am choi.” at the fame ume rctreaiing, when she still pur sues him, filing ok hie tack, as-A be fills to the ground. Urdersuchaetoteof feds be asked tbe jury not to allow themselves to be awerved by pas don or prejudice. fhlf prisoner must not oe acquitted be cause she is & woman, and on this oomi be rould. aabemtuC 3«vo lie responsibility with tbcjmy. Supposing she bad been struck m the salooiv, that antsy bad tcrmiiiatcd aad the victim ol her (cry bad retired trotn her: be bad shown a dispo sition to avoid a conflict. In &acb a state of case the only doubt was whether ibis woman should aot hare been ia dittea for the higher crime. Conceding, however, e*cry fact testified to in behalf of the prisoner, ae Lelit that a clear ease of manslaughter hai been made out. Bitl rrasrcli had not struck her. Every witness, save only one, so testified, and should the Imagination or a young man Lc taken to contradict the of eo many persons who were ia actual view of tfae whole transaction? It is unnecessary le call attention to the (act that three witnesses for the people and ivo for tbe defence swear she was not struck. At tkeUst momtntajoung men comes on the etatid. aodhe L» mistaken, as mistaken as tbe counsel, who says he, tha« is but twenty-five years ot agc..lved invae citv thirty years. Tala yonsg mao says blow att- r blow was delivered by this desperate man tight In this woman’s face, and tbe old not hear the t>U ole. Can It be trne that this wo man’s tace cannot be disfigured by these blows ? It is sot tree. and ber tace was not bruised. The young man saw tbe affray, and be saw tbe nprnis-d band, and tn Lis iTicicailoti be sees tbe blow. Bat ilr. WlUon complains (bat more witae«3cs weic not cated. Wav. be asks,, was not Pat ridge caked? iir. Atiy got the case continued ibat he m<cbt prcouce this man When this ease Frame on the prosecuting attorney asked Mr. Pat ildge to mett lam ta tbe library, and that geu'leman did sot rerpond, n'lhfineh be was in consultation with defendant's counsel all tha time. Why, knonioa what be coold e-vtar to by means of this consultation, did not the defence call him to tbe stand 5 It Lad been said oy Wil*on be f t,UU , UA< I 1'.... P—— J *“ .... vh —. would like jo refer this case to a town meeting. Speaker did not deny thi% for the court, where facta must N> h*ard, it tbe plan* they would have avoided. They don’t want to talk about the Cscla of the ea-c, because these facta are enaduslrc to prove tbe piUooer gmllT ot' manslangblar, aod tbe only donbt that can exist 1* whether tbe cvl decce night not warrant a conviction of the higher crime. Tbe question ta to which, shot had the fatal effect be considered immaterial for di'casalon. The flm (hot beta* nn|n«iifled. It mikes sc.dif faience which one allied him. TBZ IXPTUrcriOXB. The argument being dared, amid a alienee that could almost he felt, .fudge Wilson roio and delivered to the Jury the following Im-tr actions: If the jury brllevo from the evidence that the defmdacr killed George TnuseU. as charged In the indictment under tbe impulse of passion, excited hy provocation on the part ol George- Trnsaell, acd that tbe paaslon waa mestible, and tbe de feudam killed him under iu inflatnee,vet this la bo If gai Justification for the offence- charged In thia case. Tl e Jury are further instructed on behalf of the people that to make the killing ot TrueseU by the defendant In this ease Justifiable the Jury roust tclieve from the evidence la ftU eaoae; either that Ujo danger to the defend eat at the time of aucb til log was in tact so urgent and pressing or that the drcumstancea existing at the time of each killing were such ta to excite the feai a of a reason able person, that tn order to save life or to pre vent great bodily barm the kti'iog of Truss*) by tbe defendant was absolutely necessary. It/upon the whole case, regarding the law and tbe evidence, as given by the court and produced upon tbe trial, the jn*y enirrtaln a reasonable doubt of the guilt of *ha deterdant they should acquit, buck donbt must not he m-rely a possibil ity of innocence, but a auhstastiai doubt of guilt. The Jury are Instructed that tbe defendant le on put upon a charge of suaslanghtar, for ceasing tbe de»th of George Tnuse’, by shooting him In the left breast with a pistol shot, and not upon any other cbarpe.'and that if they believe irom tbe en f<!cnce ihat that shot was fired under circum stances that justify h*r, a* set forth la oiher in structions. they should acquit. - If thejurf believe, from a'l the evidence in this case, that o e first shot fired at TrusseT, by defen dant, took effect ia his leu breast sod produced the mortal wound, and that the defendant was justified, aa rpedfied in the first and second instructions, in firing tbe first shot, men they are bound tn sennit the defendant, although they may further believe from the svidet ce »he was not justified In firing the rec ced aid third shots. If the .Imr brtleve from the evidence in this case, that rhe defendant, at the time she shot Tras»el, bad reasonable grounds to believe and did behove she was in imminentdaneer o! gnatbodilvialnry atfcta hands, and if (horn the evidence the jury believe It was absolute]* necessary to shoot lYnese) to save herself thorn great bodily Injury ak his hands, then the jury should acquit the prls- Ol Jwtiflable homicide la ifa* tilling of a human being In oeceesarr self-defence, aadfnthis case. If the lory are satisfied that tbe circumstances at tending the kilting were sufficient to excite ths fears of a rearenahle person, icling in self defixee, and If the jury further believe from the evidence in tbe case, that the danger to the de finrtant wua so urgent and pressing, that in order toprevesther rccelnug gLeat bodily barm, the firing the shot at George xmsael, aa charg.-d in the mulct meat, was absolutely necessary, la order Jo prcvect Trussel from inflicting open her great bodily injury, and that tbe defendant at tne time of firing the fetal shot, as charged in the indict rotnUieelly acted under the influence of reason able fear that said Truasel would then lnS:ct upon her grrat bodily Injury, the Jury will acquit the CeJetdant. Tbe jury must, if they And the defendant guilty, fix the term of her imprisonment in tbe penicen tiatyforone year, or a greater number or years •o he specified, or for life. The court room was then cleared, and the jury v«ere taken to the room devoted to their delibera tions. TtU was at five minutes past six. The rmoiier was shortly after remanded to the county Tati, being escorted on ber war bv ibe rag-tag and' bobtail of the crowd who bsd listened to the ■ speeches of the afternoon. Al twenty mlnutoa put nine o’clock, the Court reassembled to response to •he summons of the Inrr. -There were tnen present s couple of scars ol men who had patiently waited in Court, »•- solved to sit it out so lorg aa tbe gas burned, or, perhaps, so long aa the jury oereln reriracy. One old AohHurhadln prosrrssachannlnc nap. which extended to hia toeing a of that which be came Into Court in custody of the Sberlfi, almost aijnultancooaly with the Judge. Her coetnme waa somewhat altered. In place of the mourning cloak there was upon ter ehoolders a mtok cape. Thors was now a nervous and anxtuor. and some what uurn appearance. She took h*r seat as though Infrar,and jellhore was a Jir tllnj: n ,P o! hope, as her counsel, Mr. R. S. Wi.son. only was pretent, and to Him she turned an appealing glance, as thoegh rbe would learn iromhim the resnlt of the juror*’ deliberation. Tie verdict was: “We, the jury, find the de fecdsnt guilty of roanflangnter. as charged la the indictment, ana fix her term of Imprisonment at oee yearin the penitentiary. 1 * ... The prisoner beard the verdict with apparent composure, bat there was per ceptible a great emotion: a prana disappointment; a crushing out of long cherished feeling buoyed up by promises of more farorah.e Tie Jury wav then polled, and In answer to the solemn question put by the Clerk of the Court “Was this and I* this now your verdict!” each fotor as swu ed “it was and Is now.” She watched and watched until the last Juror spoke, when her bosom heaved acd sign alter sigh was beard. A moment's test and thro she turned to the Sheriff, asked him, “Are you ready for me now!” tad went bach to her seclusion. A motion tor a new trial waa recoined, And the Court adjourned _ Opinion* ot tiae Prow. [From the Whitewater (Wis.) Register.) Tks Chicago Tiubcxu, —This is one ot tbe Journals of this country which are too wi-L ly known to requite commendation. It has hc:u fa miliar to our people, and has always bccn ri’ml and right upon nearly every public quc.-iion, barring, petbsps. the tariff, to Its cdlrcrial de partment It Ca conducted upon the cau-i c a n d slacking style, \rnicb is so effective in political castpsigns. which Is so cent forts ble to read -Alien oce is cot the victim, and which is so taking «i j» tbe masses of ponrical readers. In tbs ether de partments thcliunr.vx is toll, and diap'avs ru-r fcdustry in every respect. -As a local paper, u tor ahead of env meuopoHtsn of onr ac quaintance; its flnsncwl department is deemed t-> Ite particularly reliable and uustwarthy, and Ire sews depertmeut could not very well be improv-q. by tbe use ofasy means sow known. Itu a pom*r inlbaland. andTcebopeilxnay remain so tor Hi that. (From the Udecus (Ho.) Hroonrian.] Tbe Chicago daily Tuibi-xk is rctily one of the heat aad mo?i al>lr conducted paper*la iho Haian, and well worthy tee support of iho neat Radical Union party, whose cause Ir 30 vigilantly taiin tains. ThcTmstire has a corps of editors ard correspcsdcnta ncoml to none m tiie country, and Its every deuaitaent U prepared with great and correctßoiss. A# a family Ei**.v»naper i: has no superior, and we hope it w 111 receive rhe toll sup port cf tee people 01 ihe West, which irj merit* so justly uesetve^ (From the Acrora (111.) L’crald.J Ibe ChLagcT'nißcss !s Jiuiiy .--garded on# of the leafl*»g papers el this country, and it should be, for It* corf* of writer l i-< the ab?c-?t to ihe land: It- ntwr, g»t! ered /rom all aorirrs*. re gardless of is among the latest un<>maat reliable, ard Its p,Siticsl M! sre generally right in tte Baia, though frequently greatly toad vasce of the people. (Frrm ihe Hariincion iWi*,> Uclon.'] Tbe CLlcsgo Tmerjvs I? tb** ablest and best po~ ■ UUctd newtpape* published ir. the Woter*States; • ana we cuvm turee x' itb ft list general amnesty end universal cenrage ere necessary to a compWorestora::os - nf tbe people of tie rebel lions Stales to iteir oroer tights atd prrrih ge» fa the Union, we approve of its gea eral course upon the questions of lie day, and willingly testify to lu-slHliw, seal, and earnest ness in tbe adn eaev i» r: !Le gK-at prin-’irJcsnrbjcll are I he focndailon rtoct« of tbe Repubncaaparty ef tie country. As a paper it isurln advaUie ot us cotempovaries; and rsbitrits a greater degteu of ectcrprise In be collation-of esws tfcar any other joertia) in tbe TPcst. (From Ibc llattcvnie (Wt«.) TOtness] Cmc.vco Tuisrw?.—Tbic Tutsi's* stUI bold* Its nl#ee at ti;e bead of tho Chicago daUyprws r in * spite of t.-’e effort of jeaionv rivals to crush it. In enterprise arid ability it has ever beta far ahead cf- us colem poraries, at>d !!te copinasnesa of Ih» i.e rs culomaa w i-ot exceeded b- - the KajXem prt!»3. Among Vnslaew tarn It* lepntalion os - rcllab'e commer cial pij er Is high. in the -field or politics It fa bold, radical end oat-poHen—fesilng tot to attack treason and corruption In higti and In'v pbets. Jt was the first Influential Dally to lirten. oppose and condetro the snostacy of AtdrLWJobßSCii, ana tibile mure (tcila RepubU cun orpins were baiting flail teilatlo?, it struck on; Wr-ily and led public semi<*cnt to the down fall of-my policy.*’ Wc lite the Tiubc.xe for us smartness-,-Its presaence, Its .*nd Its raotcalicw. Here sure offlndlag in itscolarons lie latestmoslfutly deUlleu news, as •'<■!) as agrealTaHety of rnUceVaneou-* le idioc metier. Arove all IHs an fames! chamnloa of Western in tends. IVe could not keep boose without the Tnißt'NE, and advise onr readers not to try to. (From tbo Central Illinolsn.] Tue Cmoaco Tiunmc.—it was tbo custom in olden times for King-* to sarronnd their p-raclpal cities wnb fmpenctraPle walls, for tbe protecuon of the inhabitants ficm naliooal euemtas. In the present century it has been demonstrated, hat a city can be as well prelected b» a esrlee of or:* or earlbwoits bnQtatln'ervals Isibc envi ous protrctlay the most assailable pomU. wlih gun* utsnfllckmt calibre to sweep tbe eurronnd me conttry. The latter style cf defence was adopted by Amei inns dnwog tbe war of (he rebellion. Buttblswasßot their most effectual means of iubduiog the enemy. They lonnd tl>at forts contd ho erected in cuicf n tbe etare of pnntug presses, tbo which corad reach iciob* tbe cntUccoßtUicnUacd upbrave the nation with volcanic power; could auell s rebellion wlib more effidcocy than armies or nsrios; and when tbe strife was over, pour oQ opou tbe tru&Dled waters, and soy ’’peace, be __ Ibc Chicago Tbibcxs is os* of these fort*. It has guns ol adarge calibro and long range. Its ibncdeiicxnaa been Lean! lor many rears, Itr.eftr Dteees Are. tnh Its shot baa moved mora deeu-nctlve to the common enemy, thanSbertnoo’a gtoitd march to the sea. (From the Beaver Pam (Wu.) CitlTu.J Tuk Cmauu iniauax,—lhb paper Is em phatically “the Tbuudcrtr*' of the Northwest, and wield • a vaster power in rhe interests of liberty, e<jual rights and progress than the tendon Times dws for moi-arcay, monopoly ana old togjlma. If you want to aee and feel Radicalism, with ft* bfjwny arms stripped for the fight against all tnnnopclies sn J hoary beaded wrongs in the knd. Just take the dfldy Chicago Tnutuwe, atidyoaTi get it right from tbs mine where tn»y marnyhat sert of vim. » (Fiom the Knoxville (Iowa) Cepabiicamj The Chicago TBincsri* one of the able*! papers in the TVceT, ard earnestly and effectually advo cates the princlulu* wblcn are to govern thueoaa- Uy. It is a large sheet acd filled with agnatva-’ ricty cl luteiestlag niartrr. No journal baa nore cmnplr-te oru ue reliable market reports. Uwiil be that wfc«n greenbacks bc***n to circulate the Ttunrac lock tbe gronad.aad’ fuugbt die oslUe manful!?, and won the victory thereby giving ibe G-eai W«st a Tellable etui* rencylorlbc rjberjbie one they had before. A. 'man can iravelaiow without being at thetraable ai d cxp»n j e of changing fits so mnda yercestin every s-ute be enters. Tbe Tbtbcxi Mill leads tic.war, odrocnUng tba prindnic* oT the Republican p*»ty wlrti great power oodettsu. If you wish tfcv t.iU-jl anrt Ciost reliable news from •11 over tbe world, and aU over the United Stale*, yon will find uln the Tiubcnb. in fact, the Chi-, cago Turai’SE U an able, newsr, tadiml, Kcpab- Ilcan slice*, sad Jfyonwaatio hcow It for a c?r tf-lntr. sub&ctlbe for the Daily, Tri-Weaklv n- Wcetiy. 3 [From iba Grand Daren (ifteb.) Union.] Chicago Tdujcss.—This, we belter... u the laigest Western papiT nowpublished. ItUalso one ot the ar-leat, la its edltoriti. Utersry and commercial departments, ijnpjojicg a- lari?* corps of wr! is enabled to gather up tne news tn all the departments of life and' business, aid it ta UecldL-diy -pfri'ed, spicy, eaerg-t:c and loyal. It* trumpet bio «s «o ascertain sound otx arvcl the great roplca ofthrday. It la thorough ly Tern Miran, snu-ciectly radical, asddcctdMlT l&dcpendeul. J (from the Lincoln (111.) Herald.]! Chicago 'liunnsr.—lt Is hardly netcaaary for uslo say anything In reference to trie popular newspaper, as is worth and merit* ere known and appreciated la our midst. Suffice it to say. that we coraider it the leading newspaper of* the Northwest. Its editorial department ia condnct • d with ability; fta news and telegraphic depart meats are well attended to, and Its market report* car always be retied on; la fret, It La journal that recommends itself to every former, merchant and mechanic. {.From the Roiaboo (Wis.) Republic.! The Chicago Tkibcws la the ablest, most Influ ential and widely circulated paper lathe North, v c*t. ato the moat valuable exchange t h if come* to our tabic. {From the Waukesha tWls.l Plalndcalee, Demo critic. I Tax Chicago Tmuras.—its politics are of tbe genuine extreme Radical persnasion. A a news or commercial paper it ha > bat few, ir any, equals and ae for its politics we cannot bat respect it as w» do all those old-line Abolitionists and tilelr jomrsls, who liave «vtt pursued a wron*» but Gosslatcnt course, and If any of onr readera do ei/e a etralglitiorward. fullbred Ifepablicto n»- per, werecemmenilhe TmacHEiapiuferecci: ta cither*heJhvrtulor lim** [From the Sycamore (Dl.) Republican.} The proapeema of the Chicago Turuciot. pqb- Ibbed in another column, win attnet ths notice of ns thousands ofadmi: era throughont this Everybody kno«e all about the Chicago ruiauskl ‘‘Not to know it argues yourself unknown." its hold, a meal, anient entnnsfasm for tne right have made 1) for msny years the mightiest politi cal power in the great Northwwt, while in flnao e’a) and commercial matters, market reports and commercial reviews, u Is Indispensable to even one who desires to he well Informed. Everrhode should xeacr it. wuy [From the Rockford (ID.) Register.} Tbx Chicago Tmsßtz.--W« can say nothin* to enhance the estimation tn which this surfing news, political, commercial and family paper la, held whir ever it Is known. And where is It not known? it Is an earnest and aMe advocate of equal rights and exact justice to all men, and la an acknowledged leader in ad meafona 100 kin tr io the civil, political, commercial and moral ad*, vaccemem of the Nation. (From the Mineral Point (Wls.) Tribune.) Cbscaco Tuns cue.—As • nevqicjifr (be TKr srsa la one of the beet in the country. Its fkcni tieifor obtaining Information from all sections ot the country, enables it to give tU readers the news is advance of most of Its cotemporaries. Ita ad vocacy of “equal rights and exact Justice to aD mtn,*' la able, opes and fearless. Few paoetu m Ibe country are ccw.dncled with the ahflity of the TlUßrsx, and few have aa extensive a clreolation. (From ibe Constantine (Mich.) Mercury.} Chicago Tntsm —There is probably ao na perla the country whose character is better uzk demood than tbe Chicago Ttuucvz. it la, and has always bees, an able and fearjeas advocate of Radical principle*, its editors teem to be actu ated by a consciousness of right, and to feel that no one who Ve ncht can be too RadtcaL [Fti>bj tne Albion (Mich.) Gerald.) Tnx Chicago Tmnrwn.—The prospectus of this Influential and leading journal of the North west will be found in to-day’a paper. The ThnnrwE has always enjoyed a very large circula tion m this county, and we doubt not it will re ceive a hke substantial token of tavorahle nltios ike coming year. Tbe T&inoxz is fexrfeas and outspoken m tbe discussion of matters of public polity; is always up with the times, and In tbe extent and variety ol us correspondence. (ejZ: graph news and marKCt reports. Is not heMnfiaar other journal of the country. East or West. Ala poll tit al, femtiy and general newspaper U has nosnperlor. Next ta your home paper, take «h« ThOBtRtX. _ ({From tbe Lacoo, (IR-,) Dome Jountal.p For years the Chicago Tjubcve has been edn. eating the people of the Northwest and tbefruhi. of its labors arc apparent In the ronsl'g Renabli can ms'oilMee sent up an over the find. Ever foremost to defend tbo right it is equally promne to stlke down wrong, whether in tbe house n r its tziends. or the racks of its opponents. We have been a reader of the Tames x from ha ccaunaica. meet and consider it the beif newspaper in an respects In North America. We hop* every read, errf onsEome JwrvoL, i/he ia not already a subscriber tart, will become so. Iniemalionai Southern Connell. BEiPnto, P*., Pccember 15.—Tbe special Con vention of delegates tzom the various orthodox Southern Synods of the United Statasard Canada.' which ffl«l here on Wednesday last for the pap pose of considering propositions for a bkria ot union between the Synods attached to this branch c i tbe denomination, adjourned last night They ■' have provided for the organization of a new Ecclesiastical Union, to meet annually hereafter and to ire called (ha Gruerai Council of the' Southern Chnub cl S rib America, ihe repro rriauon ol th'a body Is to ha based npon the lit: aber of co** ©unicast members represented. The Convention adopted ibeurslterod Augsburg Confession as lit doctrinalba. 4 l«,andinthecomae of its s'.-slaa authorized th-a preparation and puMiraUot; of low Eiiiiish and German hymn nooks fer the use of tbe denomination. The ccnot unar Ita'iy characterized the proceeding* Uccvgboti* The North Carolina Gold Hines. Ntw Yoke Dxcrwasg 15.—The HmUf a Con coid, N»-nh Carolina, correspondent savs: “Old California miners pronoui*co tbo North Carolina cold mines far superior in wealth to those of Cal ifornia.” Lmie numbers of £ipilalists hai ar riv«d from the North and taasr of the jama* verpbelpgprfPaiTt frr re-WQrklng.