Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 19, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 19, 1866 Page 2
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Clitcaga tribune. O.VILT, TRI-TT EEKLY AND WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 31 CLAKK.ST. Tbrre ore cirw rdruoru of the Terser* lined- Ik. rrffymon:lac.?brarctilaUoah7 cam err, cewimea and the malls. W. TheTEi-Warxxr, Uoodaya, We*, cesday* and Todays, foe the molls only; aad the ■ Wimv.onTharKUya.for to: malis mad saleatour counter and by esrtmea. Term* of the Chleoet Trlbane : D»l!y deltrerfd la toe city (per wee*) 8 2.T D»Hy. tornbseribcn (per*^isKuitvpojra* i> >ln advance) 7ZT~J7... i*> aa Sll?.®*** 7 * aotam, payable is advance) Ct.OO Veetly, (per annum, pojooie In advance) *J,OU OT Fraction*} parti of toe year at toe eami ratv.' tr~ Perfoni remutlat and ordering Are or more coplf* of ntoer toe Trt Wecily or W«6y edition*, iriy rru:n tea per cent oftSe rabacßption price as a' ccr-.mhaicn- > one* TO sm*csiß*E».-la ordering toe ad drew «i yoerpspen ch*nccd,to prevent deley. be iar * rpct UJ- rut edition yon tske-Weekly, M-WeeUr or Daily. Al^flreycmrraasrsTMafatw^S. 6 - rDr «ft.E*Wkoa, « rt „ I.rci6icrcJLrtirra, mwberentstonrua. A(Seu, TttintlXE CO., Cliloure, |||. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBEB 19, ISO 9. THE STATE ASSOCIATED PRESS. A meeting will be held In this city to morrow to form an association of daily newspapers published in towns covered by the lines of the Illinois & Mississippi Tcle crapb Company. This embraces nearly all the towns in Illinois and lowa, and a num ber in IV iscoosin. The necessity for such an onmnization was shown by the recent meet* ini; of the Western Associated Press. The latter organization, haring dealings only with the Western Union Telegraph Com pany, could not reasonably be expected to admit newspapers which do not and cannot take the reports called for by the contracts existing with that company. The practice heretofore has been for the Super intendent of the Illinois & Mississippi Tele graph lines to take a copy of the reports furnished to the Chicago papers, and make up from it a report for each daily paper on bis lines desiring It. In return for this copy of the report at Chicago, the Superintendent of those lines furnished to the Associated Press items of news transpiring on his lines of sufficient general interest to be tele graphed to the press of the country. The advantage of forming an association of the newf‘pa]*crs published on these West ern telegraph lines, is apparent on general principles. It becomes a necessity at the present view of the fact that the West ern Associated Press have separated from the New York Associated Press, and taken the business of collecting their news into their own hands. It is important that the newspapers west of Chicago should decide whether they will lake the news of the Western Associated Press, or of the New York As-ociatcd Press. In arriving at a de cision v.pnn this point they should consider that It is practically Impossible for the New Y« rk Associated Press to collect Western news for Western newspapers. This is being done at heavy expense by individual Western ! nw.-spapers, which have separated from the j New York monopoly. The Chicago TutnuxE, I for instance, pays seventy-seven dollars per I week ftr the reports of the Western Asso- ] dated Pr’es?, including Cable despatches. It pays, in addition, one hundred doJ hint per day for s|>ecial despatches. The Chicago Time*, Cincinnati Gazette, Commer rial and Kngvirer, St. Loins JftjmWicun and Democrat, each pay as much. A large por tion of this expense is sheer waste. Of course political newspapers must have a cer tain portion of their despatches made up exclusively for themselves, but In the matter of market reports, proceedings of legislative bodies, conventions, and general Intelli gence of a non-partisan character, which each newspaper Is bound to have, there is no good reason why a dozen separate reports should be made for a dozen separate news papers. The telegraph companies gain no advantage from it, because their wires arc generally burdened with private business, which Ik not neatly impeded by press despatches, ©racially in the ease of after toon papers With a view of providing a mr this stale of things, the Board of Directors of the Western Associated Press, at their recent meeting In Cincinnati, In structed their Executive Committee to pro pose to the New York Associated Press that they would provide for a general and effl cicut collection of Western news for their own use. and deliver a copy of it to the New Y ork Associated Press at a point to be agreed upon—at Pittsburgh, for instance—in ex change for news from the East and Canada. ' _ Thl* was refused by the New York Assocl a Puts because It looked like an arrange ment for getting news, which was not sub ject to their exclusive control. The Western Associated Press, however, are determined to earn oul the idea. They have already arranged for the consolidation of Th«ir spe cial market reports, and they will, as soon a* practicable, eifccl a •similar-arrangement for the collection of general Western news, whereby they will give their readers more news, at less coat, than ever before. It is important for the Stale Associated Pre*-®, in making up their minds upon the main question, to consider whether their In tercs:s do not lie with an organization which can collect Western news, rather than with one which cannot. The idea of the Now I erk monopoly undertaking to collect and distribute e>icn» ni»wa, in competition with the V.'rrloni Asf'-eiatcd p r „ 9S< h not onlv riuictib •!;?, but is opposed t«»‘bo T j (a i atl! i g..vcrni:g principle of the New*v.» r k ring, which Is tn collect only such news asis adapted to New York, and to give only so mmli oi that news to the outside press a* will prevent them from getting It them. Selves. At the present tbae they arc vastly i.i! re liberal than they have ever been before or ever win i, c again. They sec that their mcnn]«oly is in darner. To preserve this, they au- giving away their news for nothing, an.! paying over forty thousand dollars par ytar betides, to lay down their despatches at two or three points In the West. If they mcccod, the press of the country v.lll merely relapse Into the old slough of dtopomi and be taxed “lopvythc cost of the war. li they «fo not succeed in re-cstab lulling th. ir monopoly, -u they ip, 7l not , they will ut anion the Western field and betake tb-m-clves to their legitimate business of rdiilnr their own newspapers, and that •Me.-J.jy. '* «»15 FINE ART of* PIIOHB. •* f -Imo-tw* JtJrUio for Ociobar • ■ tfii Iwo articles. Which together make . .vllcnt obw-rvatlon of ih* position of • t-rs jaucticalaswcll a-, sesthelie. The ; ri* h dUcusvlnn of “The Philosophy ! •' 1 -tn* l .” Thoscare defined to be « • Mire. ,M:jlp.ure. painting, music, po- T i m-'!j M«|terscding and rising •*' lut'i la history and in - rmij i-otvir. It Is concluded that I the lan of these-tages—ln the ora I ’ Rut we find no lamentation over r'-’fl-’s. but nther an exultation in -• i.L-tu from all bondage to rigid mite ‘ to rigid rules, with which Ihe nun - *u id .-a may go on to embody it in -hi Is an Interesting one, and not ■t» truth. We may question, how- orrertnete of the line drawn be- c- ‘lit* rature and anti-literature,” which • t .-s from Kieratorcas a fine art “all pro* f o. the press wherein the matter to nmlrstcd is paramount to the man* it* communication.” If fine art » m the exaltation of manner at the • • ri r-axter, then declamation Is a ' i> J eloquence is not, for eloquence '• i (akitiir out of* soul; or if oratory 1 • flu< art, Caleb Cashing and Disraeli <r* t while Lyman Trumbull and John me not o>atora. If fine art tneana in . this age want* none of It, espec '*• j ‘t t-*c *'flne art of proje-” But no one * I noire resuly than our reviewer to • M n Idea of art. For he baa blm -1 * >* l wjrkrd, that the reason why the i «al cutbic architecture Is Inimitable, Is '• • »■ structures are fullofthcthoagbu , ■ »11. i. of their builder*, because In the • of literature '‘the Inspiration which “■ ‘ a IkmjW then produced a build* the * bole range of Fine \;«t.n.T Is never the rival of matter, »• • a grace Which clothes St. As soon - ' • i hotigl t ceases to be paramount, the r * •<' he flnr; It becomes monstrous ■“i tlhlc ; whatever Is not significant 1 • :lrawt. l» me that we cannot now look for i -s •iiiiTiftice in architecture or music, ■ • • proper to study manner at second - 1 U.rm, to try to copy the works of -►t* rs. and so to reproduce as well at v tn the effects which cime from their In- But If prose Is our own fine art, 1- »• cultivate it In the genuine way, by : i • • .lug the great thoughts and emotions, *lll <tcate a body for themselves. u 1 study style, bnt wc will have no so- I • i.. f .. U r teacher, no man with whom • J« paramount to matter. Dcmos (i . -mi Milton, and Chatham, may teach « j . because their eloquence came * 'I Ir soul#. «>rto U Irving act before himself what » • 1 t.» him an exalted and ravishing ob 'l 1 ■'"billon—which was to become a m. «• nl *tyie. Ill# stcceas was brilliant. },'• "‘-■■"’• ill “ honor to L• ■ nrj, fur tbrj worthy In mmttcr, .. In manner; and yet one i d .cnt.nee of Abraham Lincoln la 1 “ . ' murr ,h *» «» of them. Irrino la a V: VT'i Cn rlio TC . m ‘° k• (feneration. * , rr lrmn,ta « ><* -rite then. We had ol Ki na, and manner, to beanre, f 1 * , “ i ,h ' Sk «<* B°« !• 1.1- Ilul tbloir to preaent at , n eramlna- U.. 1 <.| another order b Weh.ter', apeech op- unification. A great mind had great U ts with which to build a bulwark ter a nation, and the work rose Into form like ft battlement of heaven. If we arc to have a fine art of prose, which shall rise above the Architecture and music and poetry of former cras,U must bcbvmcans of thoughts and much more ex alted and better tuned than theirs lhati they will create for themselves expression : clothing the thoughts as color clothes the roae. And that exaltation of mind must be long to the hcc. • Fop fine art is always the newer o f Its time. The blossom fresup tbe air. the warmth j lf Hom<:r ’ * nd Phldlss, and .hahspesre had been bom Bnshmen, they would never havejnado the IlUd. or the Olympian Jove, or rfamlet. The work of the nrtnt or if that word ha. Wien >nnch into the idea of mere decoration let « «y. with the Greek., the poet the i-omrdT b 'lvJ“¥ ‘5 s tll0 “Klit Which Ilea nn t Uck lo- the people In a shape which child M the I>ar£nt dM » the «nd, as offspring nt once and teacher. tycry age that haa an idea acts Its beat mind to fexpjess that idea for It, and the form of erprasaion is that which will enable thopoot 1° communicate most freely with his ago Homer had to cipresa to themselves the tl.onghts ol men who hsd not learned to write nor read, or make stators, and who worshipped and consulted In the open alr ? He could give his work form only by rhythm and sohetnkes a rhythm, bnt It Is one S’ .nostasficrlbie as prose. There Is a roy.ltv about that old epic poetry which verse never cojoy again, for the aimple reason that it am nover again be the only means bv which a noble and permanent form can be given to an idea, Homer’s imare of Jove calisfied and malted the thought of hla Greeke. But to five hundred year, more thev were no longer a people gathering around l»n 6 n EC m a 1 .11 0" ToU< *‘’ “ d Imagining with him the king of goda aitllog upon the mountain top and holding the thunder, and by the nod of hi. dark brow, shaking, not only his own ambrosial locks, bnt the verv pillars of the world. The poetry of Homer more than anything else, had made them the moat cultivated nation of mankind* they bad enshrined deities with the graces of their calm architecture ; they wanted to see them In term; and the consummate work Lccausc the consummate want, of the age was a statue, set up in Olympia, the place of the lestal gathering of all Greeks, and pre senting to the eye the Ideal of majesty, which bad been growing from the verso of Ilomcr for half a thousand years. In later times and a more northern lati tude, a people gathering for Christian wor ship found expression fora religious scntl-i tnent full of elevating awe in the Gothic architecture, because there was no other form iu which the highest art could come so free ly into communication with the genera! mind in Us highest moods. All that Is past. Printing and common schools have made a world, in which the best mind can speak to the most minds by a me dium more flexible and more universal, and no; less Impressive and permanent than song. ■;r sculpture, or building, and therefore neither of these can be the centre of any fine art which can properly belong to the age. ifwcareto have such an art, it must be a line art of prose. The question, whether such an art is to be, will resolve Itself into the question, whether there is in the soul of the age any grandeur of thought, which requires artistic expression, and is able to receive It. If not, fine art must still employ the methods by which it can reach ouly the few, and the world of artists must still be isolated from the world o! mankind. At this point we turn to the other article to which we have referred. It Is upon the memorial biographies of the nlncty-flvcsons of Harvard, who have fallen In the war. The conclusion which it draws is this: “ The “ great library of American biography con “tains no volumes so Instructive or so “preci'-ns as these, as revealing the exis tence of a new type of character in the “world. Onr Institutions arc here manl- 1 Tested in their result upon character. We ’sec the pare product of America. Tbo biography of youth is always the story of the future, the record of promise which is “yet to be fulfilled, the statement of the “ ideal of the ope. Upon the foreheads of “ these youth shines the light of a happier ••day, and they lead the way rejoicing “toward the kingdom of Heaven upon “ Earth.” It there Is truth In such a vaticination, j there Is room lor a new style of art. Ihe fine art of all past time has at last borne Us fmlt lu a fine art of life. For the ardent statue aud the mediaeval cathedral, we have tbo modern mao. And the man will have his voice, and that cxpre-elon, when matured, will be the new art. Of course wc cannot now define it, for it is still ciudc, like the youug genius which It ex presses. But wc may say that as the royalest fames of art arc Homer and Sbakspeare, became tLdr ait came nearest to a transfig uration of the whole life of man, so this more perfect lorm will apply itself more closely to the commonest and most intimate thoughts of men, and will be high because u.iiU’t daily life and thoughts will be noble. Thus tar the world lias teen just one example •>1 the i crf(x*tion of art. Jesus of Nazareth i-yokc simple pro.«e by the wsy side, yet he .-poke as never man spake. That wa*> the tine oi loi pio.'C- It teas tbc centre of what ever lire art oMlte Is yet developed In the world. And the life, os It comes to its ex j Tvtslon will Sl'eok a dialect noble in grace ; i:J truth. But what shall hinder It from devising also verse, aud music, and statuary, ;nd archltoc ore, which may exptess aLo the eotaclcs of a being which shall be throughout, a poem ? WttOt. i.>D WOOLLIinX. The New York Tribune says: **.’«»• IwpoMtebw ot woM and waall-as far ja. raw au.ot:i>:ed fo i We have teen no verification of this stata but it It be trne. it shows that the Gov- nm.etit hes derived from this source a!e;i. • ■ver thhty-thrte million* ol dollars of revciuc, in gold. The duty on woollen goods siueu the armndmeut of July LJ, ’CO, nmonnts to tu.-re than fifty per cent. It was previously forty-five per c**nt. By the same act the tariff on wool was largely Increased. Before its passage the dnty was levied on the foreign valuation of wool, but now the heavy cost of importation freights, Insnrance, commission, drnyuge, &c., are all added to the lorelgn value, and the dnty levied on top of them all. *f he present taritl on imported wool ranges tiom l< rly to fifty per cent on the invoice valuation. It is n..w proposed to Increase largely the «ialy on both woollens and wool. We can rot conceive how the adoption of that prop, i.sitlon can tn-usflt anybody, exeqpt the spec ulators who have stocks of g.x>dj on hand. Look at it a moment: An increase of dnty . d wool win have the effect of crippling the woollen mills by rendering their raw mate rial dearer to them; consequently they will -urchase less home grown as well as foreign wool. If a corresponding rncrcase of duty is made on woollens hoy will stand relatively as they did before. Bnl'all woollen goods wIU be made dearer by the amount oft he duty, and the dearer wool ns become the Ices people can buy and have. Hence there will be a lighter demand for wool and woollens. This falling off In consumption will be nearly or quite equal to the per cent of Increase of the duty. But the speculators, with stocks of woollens <>n hand, will make tens of millions by t he rise, which will be taken out of the pock* t ts of the community at large. We submit that the better course for the wool growers and woollen manufacturers to pursue Is, to use their. Influence with £on gress to rcjieal the internal taxation on the manufacture of woollen goods. One per cent of taxation repealed is worth more ’o a branch of industry than five per cent of duty added. The latter increases cost and reduces consumption, while the former reduces the coat and In creases the consumption of commodities. Congress can safely repeal one hundred mil lion* of Internal taxation. If It will take millions off the tax on tntmt f.ctnrw, and twenty-five millions off the In come fax, those reductions will do tcn.fold more to promote the prosperity of the coon t rv, and foster manufacturing Industry than any increase of the tariff which the wit of mar can devise. What the country wants is not higher duties but lower taxes. (TRUh.NCT CONTRACTION. The Congressional proceedings ol Monday Infotni n- that Mr. Baker, of Illinois, offered a resolution in favor of repealing the danse :kat authorizes the Secretary of the Trcasnrv to withdraw four millions of greenbacks per month from circulation, and barn them. The motion was rejected by a vote of 8S to 58; and wc regret that the member from this District voted against the resolution. Wc do not believe that one in ten of bis con stituents are in favor of contraction and hard times, and when he comes home to spend the holidays, if he inquires, he will discover that our assertion is feet. But Mr. Baker must not be discouraged by this repulse, for the more Congress reflects on the subject will U be convinced of the Impolicy of continuing the contraction danse in question. The money required to retire four millions of greenbacks would purchase $3,700,000 of five-twenty bonds, and stop $213,000 of gold interest, which Is equal to $300,000 in cur rency. Four mlllioms a month are forty eight millions in a year, and this amount of greenbacks wonld purchase $41,400,000 of five twenty bonds, and /top $2,003,400 of gold Interest, or $3,732.000 In currency. Without multiplying words on the subject, we submit to the common sense of the Amer ican people whether It is not wiser and bet ter policy to employ this forty-eight trillions of surplus revenue in reducing the interest bearing debt of the nation, and relieving the tax payers of four millions of interest, than in retiring from circulation forty-eight mil lions of greenback currency which bears no interest, tor the express purpose of prodn cln£ contraction and scarcity of money, In the hope of forcing down the price of gold and the wages of labor ? Can there be any doubt which of those lines of policy the people prefer? Does not any sound minded man a»y unhesitatingly, that the true and rational policy for the Government to pursue U, to “Pl'ly its surplus funds in payment of Its bonded Indebtedness? In other words, that it should attack its Interest-bearing debt rather than make Its assault on the currency of the country. CONFEnEHATK PAPER INCOT7BT. The people of Alabama have been very much excited, of late, in regard to a deci sion of Judge Bustccd, of the United States District Court. It was announced In the papers that he had declared all payment In Conffedcrato money to ho null and no pay ments at all, since Confederate currency was not money and had no legal value. It was feared that this decision would upturn every sale and transfer made during the rebellion. The man who had purchased a house or a plantation, and paid for It in Confederate money, couldbc dispossessed, on the ground that he had made no payment whatever, and that no consideration had passed. Every hill that had been settled in Confederate currency could be collected over again, and there was to be a general break ing up of everything done during four yearsi It-; Is not strange that with each a prospect before them, there was a very general consternation among the people. But the truth is that the Judge has made no such decision at oil. The ease decided Involved no such question. During the war, a lot of ginned cotton was sold by the defendant to the plaintiff, and paid lor in Confederate treasury notes. The de fendant gave a receipt for the money, so called, la which he set forth that it was for a specified number of pounds of ginned cot ton, which he had that day sold to the plaintiff, and which he thereby agreed to keep for him end deliver vhai caa~j / or . u v&5 not called for until the close or the war, when Confederate treasury notes were worthless. The defendant then refhscd to deliver the cotton, and the plalntiffsacd to recover. It will be seen that there never was any actual delivery; but the plaintiff contended that tfrero was a constructive delivery. The defendant. of course. pit in the plea of “no consideration.” The Court decided that Confed ern<c currency was an illegal considera tion for a contract; that whenever a party to such a contract was farced to cal! on a Uni ted States Court to aid him In enforcing It, that no such aid could be granted; that la this ease the plaintiff only claimed construc tive delivery, which Is a delivery made oat of the mere judgment of the Court, and that to aek such a judgment was to Invoke aid la carrying out a contract in which the consid eration was illegal. The plaintiff therefore lost tals case; but it will be observed that the whole question turned upon the point as to whether there had been a delivery- It was not decided at all that a contract completely executed iu all respects could be set aside, although the consideration tor such contract was Confederate currency. When a party accepted that currency as money, with a full knowledge of the facts, the matter Is a very different one, and was not at all involved in the case before Judge Bustecd. The Court tlmply refused to aid in the enforcement of a contract In which Confederate currency was the consideration. COOK’S UKMILTJTION. The telegraph Informs us that “Mr. Cook t of Illinois, offered, in the House of Repro* sfntaf'vc. - '. on Monday, a resolution directing the (.'omihUtecon Banking and Currency to inquire Into the expediency of providing by law for the withdrawal of currency Issued by the national banks, and supplying Its pi ic ■ with legal tender notes Issued by the Gov ernment. Mr. Cook moved the previou question, which was seconded by yeas 58, nays 38. “Mr. Br&ndcgco called for yeas and nays. He wanted to sec who was in favor of de stroying the National Banks. Yeas, 03; nays 08. Resolution therefore rejected.” Brandepec came very nearly “ seeing” a majority In favor of substituting greenback for National Bank notes. Nobody denies that tbc National Banks arc more popular with the public, and have their confidence in a larger degree than the old system of “Slate” banks. But at the same time, It must be confessed that there Is a pretty widely expressed desire to save the eighteen millions of gold interest now paid to the banks by tbc Government. People teem to think that if the bank notes were called In. and $3)0,000,000 of greenbacks were emitted to fill the vacu um, the Government would thereafter save Interest on as many bonds as the aforesaid Issue of greenbacks would purchase, and largely reduce its bonded debt at the same lime. The drawback to this proposition la, that it might cause’ hundreds of National Banks to wind up business and create much distress among all classes of bank debtors. Won’d it not also have an inevitable tendency to raise the rates of Interest < n the whole mercantile and nnnufcctnring classes who arc obliged to borrow money ? and would not the public lose in this way. as much as the Government would save on the h terest of tbc bonds boncht up by new issue cl legal tenders on Che expulsion of tbc roteo of the banks? We call Mr. Cook’s attention to thl* view of the subject; because fates of interest charged by moneylenders to borrowers for the past two years, is one third to one-half lower than for five, ten or twenty years preceding thc-war. Is It best tc return to the c«a of deep “shaves” and usurious rates on money? Ltarmworib, l.nwroncr & Galveston Itnllroad. A committee of the citizens of Lawrence, Kansas, and Directors of this company; are now on a visit to Chicago, with a view to petfectirg arrangements with Messrs, Win. and Shelton Btorjc?, and George T. Lo? Cyrus H. McCormick, and Colonel'J. 11l Foster, of Chicago, who. with their Eastern associates, have undefined to construct this treat mad. Those gentlemen, or most of them, were in short time ago, ami, alter a full examlaa’tion of tUepro’cjl’ cnteicd Into arrangements to construct the road. Itls important to know that tlili work is in ihe hands and tinder Ihc control of Chica go men. It will make the most direct through rente from Chicago to Galveston, penetrating the Indian country of the Cher yl"* other tribes, and connecting with the Texas Central Railroad from Galveston north to P.cslcm, on Red River, 145 miles of Which is now constructed and running. It will also tap Fremont’s Southern Pacific Road on the Canadian River. The distance from Lawrence, In Kansas, to Galveston, Is only about (DO miles. The country through which the road parses Is unsurpassed In (fertility by any por tion of Ihc Great West. The cattle trade of I this road alone would be beyond computation, i Those who know anything of the great numbers of Texas cattle now brought to this market, even against severe laws pro hibiting driving them through Kansas, on acconnt ot prejudices in relation to the charges of their communicating the disease known as Spanish fever, may form some idea of what would be done In that trade if these Immense herds of the Western plains could be transported by rail. To Chicago trade this Isa new outlet of vast Importance. The trade of Kansas naturally seeks Northern In preference to Southern cities. The people being of East ern origin, prefer communication with titles go to St. Louis, and with a rente opened up. Southern Kansas, now a tolerably populous country, and filling np with unexampled ra pidity, our city could almost monopolize Its trade. The Galveston Railroad Company baa now franchises of abont 800,000 acres of land, and the rich counties along its line have voted to Issue bonds in its aid to the amount of nearly a million of dollars. Largo dona tions arc expected to be made in the Indian country, and by its connection with the Union Pacific Southern Branch, it will add other franchises of great valncalready given in the shape of lands, the full extent of which we arc not advised. These negotiations have been pending for some time between Chicago men and the gentlemen in Kansas interested, and whose efforts for a series of years have secured these valuable franchise*. Most of the lands were reserved and selected five op six year* ago, and, as little settlement was made at that time, are the very best lands In the State. tsf“ Czar Alexander, of Russia, in a letter of thirty-one lines, acknowledging the con gratulations of Congress on his escape from assassination, only uses the personal nrononn “1” seven times. It 1* evident that he is not near os great a man as Andrew Johnson. In a letter of that length, the bumble Individ ual would have employed it five or six times where the Autocrat of all the Bnsslas em ployed it once. CSTThe Shreveport .Vrirs says “the Idea that the Southern Slate* were guilty of re bellion has been so successfully Indoctrin ated into the public mind that It will take years” to establish the contrary conviction. Wc quite agree with the .Vnfi. It will take •a treat many years to root this notion out of the public mind. Mr. Georre P. Putnam, wbo was lately removed from (tc offles of Collector of Interval Revenue as a punishment for bis radicall-m, ha* returned to bis former vocation as a publisher. His son, wbo was so honorably distinguished In the war fbr the Union, Is associated with him In business, at No. eni Broadway, New York. No man stands higher In public esteem than Hr. Putnam, and we, in common with the real of his friends, wish him eveiy ■ access. NEW FCBI.IGITONB. Judge Jameson’* "Work on fbe Comti- tutlonal Convention, THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION; Us ilMory, Powers, and Modes of Proceeding Br Jons Alksxsdkh Jxvcsoy, Judge of the Superior. Conrt of Chicago, and Proie»sor of Constitutional Law, etc., m the Law Depart ment of the Chicago University. One volume, dvo. pn. SCI. New York: Charles Scribner <t Co. Chicago: S. C. Griggs & Co., ISOT. We have examined this hook, just pub lished, with considerable care, and shall he altogether mistaken If it be not recognized as a contribution to the political literature of the country of great and permanent value. Its subject, though one of commanding Im portance, has never before, we believe, been treated in an independent work. U pon several of the topics embraced within its general scope, vague and discordant opinions have been entertained by many even of oar most prominent public men. That no clear Ideas concerning the office of the Constitutional Convention, and its proper relation to other features of onr system of Government have generally prevailed, the records of nearly every Convention thus Sir held in the country show. With but one or two exceptions, and these works of such imperfect execu tion as scarcely to be deemed exceptions, a vigorous and profound inquiry into the na ture of the American constitutional system as a whole, seems never before to have been attempted. Statesmen andlpnbllclats have played about it, have dealt indeed with some main questions arising under It with an ability which ha» just ly given to their opinions the weight of final decrees, bnt their discussions have in most part arisen In the actual con flicts of politics or law—upon single Issues— and are frequently marred by the incongrul tiea, the hasty generalizations and other errors mto which the most accurate thinkers fall when treating parts of a subject without equal familiarity with every portion of the field. We believe this book of Judge Jame son’s Is the product ot the first deliberate attempt to grapple with the whole subject, and to show not what mleht, or even ought to be, but practically what, under the facts of the case, must be deemed to he, the fun damental theory of parts and functions upon which the American frame of Government rests. Tiic author has brought to the performance of Lis task—a task before which older and more experienced men might well hare shrunk—a strong and welt disciplined mind— habits of patient Investigation—the rare ca pacity of conducting with uniform Jndg ment and sound sense lines of thought which necessarily have assumed at times because of the poverty of materials and pre cedents. the nature of theoretical discus' slons,—and the command of a style remark ably Idiomatic and compact, and equal Iq passages to that of the best writers of our times. Id the opening chapter the different kinds of Convention—the “Spontaneons Conven tlon or Public Meeting,” the ''Legislative Convention or General Assembly,” the “ Re* volutionary Convention,” and the “Consti tutional Convention'*—are distinguished and described. In the following chapter the important topic of “sovereignty” and Its focus In this country. Is discussed at length—the author concluding that It must bo held to In here not in the States, which were never sov* erclgn, nor In the United States, but In the people of the United States, considered not as a. mere aggregate of Individual sovereigns, bat as a corporatcßunlt, and discriminated In practice, for purposes of conve nience, and to permit advantage to be taken ot State machinery in certain points, into ffroupt by Slates. This question of sovereignty —taken in connection with the "powers of conventions”—the subject of a subsequent chapter. Is the pivot upon which the whole book turns. The author’s views upon Re presented with great perspicuity and force, and elaborated evidently with exceeding care, give color to the entire treatise, and to them we especially Invite the attention of the, thoughtfi'l reader. From the close of this chapter we quote the following passage upon : the question of “State rights”: “Under th- Constitution of the cation, com-i pririug the Federal sod all theSLaic Constitutions,' ••aca Mate Is permitted by the Sovereign to name ! for Its own people its local Constitution, sulriec’ (.Prays to the guarantee o( (he National Govro menu Inpcrfonalngthat work the people act in the temt sranner as If they had neither State nor Federal illation*—a# ibottsh the State were' sovereign ami independent. In truth, nowever. a ■ State is neither, lupscelsgnpon a local const!- > tntion the people of a Slate are performing a del egated Junction—exercising, by permission, and in behalf ol the people ol tbo United States, a sovereign power belonging only to the latter. That thU Is the most characteristic, and by far the most valuable of all the features ot the National Constitution, Is undeniable, but that fad docs not at all affect Its intrinsic character aa above ex- Stained, With a proper definition of 'States lishts, 1 then cv*ry lover of his conntr-, and ev ery bleed of Its liberties, must bt a ‘Slates Rights man ;* bm that definition ma«l bo each aa n leave a conntry 1o lo\c—a tbmr possible only when the S ates are regarded as expedient* subordinate to the nail n; subservient in all respects to Its in terests : and, therefore, if the nation so wIP, tem porary.” (p. M.) Jn the course of this discussion of sov ereignty, the question of “ What It la to be » nation;” is examined, and the fact shown that every condition necessary to confer that rank, meet in the history and present posi tion of the United Stales—a proposition which at the start would probably be admit ted by those most opposed to tbo theory re specting the powers of Conventions advoca ted in this work, but which admission they will discover as tbo author’s argument pro ceeds, bears with damaging effect upon their theory at last. In this connection, after the remark that “the most prominent characteristic of oar “ American constitutional history is a cou- •’slant and Irrepressible tendency towards ** Union”and an enumeration of those his torical period* in which that tendency was most strikingly indicated,—the following passage occurs, which wo quote both for the powcrlh! argument included in its statement offsets, and also fs an illustration of the manner in which frequently, throughout the book, the constantly observable qualities o' earnest ness and dignlly lu the style risenatu- ! rally toeloquencc: 1 “lhn« s scheme of union was formed. In 1-M iby four r denies; Id 2754 by seven ;in l»t>s by cine; hi 1771 by twelve: in 1773 by this teen—(he last two resulting in the Ucvoltrlonary Congresses prcvrdinglhc Confederation ; ta 1731 by thirteen, • ith meat reluctance establishing the Conlcderi ’i&t;; In 17K* ly thirteen, with less reluctance—lt may almost be sale with eagerness—founding (be present establishment; and in ISGI-5, by twenty five loyal, and a loyal tnlnot ity in each of cloven dUlcysl Slates, by (o-ce of arms emsbfnx the poserof a faction seeking to destroy the Union. “Without panicnlarlseg (lie scope of each cf there elzbt eSorts at the consolidation of a Union with which all readers of our history are laarllar. It k enough to observe that the first was a single league of lour New Eiigiand Colonies again-t the Irdians acd tbvlr boeule ncivhborr. thj Dutch: the Iso following were similar in the*r general jnin’o.-e, but liroader In intent ai,d compass; Ino i.ost too, as expialutd above, were broader still, embracing. piaclically. the entire continent, and bcirc deslcnrd to ergmerr the contest with Great Trilain; the sixth was the AM formal and regular attempt to e'tabtlrb a government for united America, but undertaken with such fear and Jeal ousy that the system estab’lshed stood only so long as it was held together by pressure from without; the seventh was an abtodonraetr of -be idea of Confederation, snd (be Introduction of tbo conception ol a National Government by (be p«cple of the United States, the several Slate Governments being at the same time shorn of tnnch oi tbeir ’former power, and rcle-atcd (q ;he secondanr position held by them as colo nic* under the Crown. The last supreme slen was that in which two million men in arms have, in one day, atamnea with condemnation the hnesy of secession, and denied the rightful xess of disunion either as fset or theory; thus giving to that series of arts and charters by which toe rights of the colonies were defined ani guar anteed. a practical construction, and justifying the Infenrce that Union—the consolidation of the various communities [forming the United Colonies into one people, one nation—was at i-nce the purpose of God. and the design, tome- Jluics consvionsiy. and sometimes unconscious, ly entertained, of the men ol all times In America.” After a consideration of Constitution* dis- tmgnlfhcd as written and unwritten,and on interesting incidental enumeration of the re lative advantages of each, the book proceeds to examine what conditions are necessary In order to stamp a Constitutional Convention with legality—with “legitimacy.”.. After showing sueh conditions to bo Jirtt, the coa fortuity of the Convention, in Its reception, to the law of the land ; and StfonJ —The comlbrmlty of the Uw itself and the proceedings In which it originated “ to the fundamental principles of the Con* stllutlon and to those prndentlal m«Tirrn which define the limits and conditions of a safe constitutional rule from the point of view of the existing Governmentthe test each conditions furnish Is applied In succession to every convention heretofore held in this country, including the Revolu tionary Conventions of the last century and the recent Southern Secession Conventions; stating the main points beating on the subject of discussion in the history, and de termining the character of each, and thus with great labor bringing together and sys tematically arranging a mass of material heretofore uncollected, and yet a collection, one would judge, of Indispensable impor tance to the constitutional lawyer and states man. So little critical attention has, as we appre hend, been directed to the particular matters embraced In this, the fourth, and in the sixth chapters, that we doubt whether there is a score of men in the country so well in formed as not to be abictogather from these portions much that is valuable and before unknown to them—much the statement of which will strike them with entire surprise, even respecting the history and claims to regularity of Constitutional Conventions held in their own States. We cannot too highly commend the la borious and faithful thoroughness of this portion of the work, nor that firm grasp of his subjid which could alone have enabled the writer to go through the whole tangled mass constituting the history of American Constitutional Conventions, subjecting every thing to the test of principle, and enticed by no arguments, no matter how specious, to the right hard or the left. The chapter treating of the “"Organization and Mode* of Proceeding of Conventions”— embracing the subjects of credentials, rule* of order, the employment of committees, and other practical topics, will not be deemed the least valuable portion of the work to those who shall 'hereafter actually partici pate in the deliberations ofsnch bodies. “Thepowers of Conventions,” the heart 6 tiio subject, it dbcM^Tir~^ —one of the most Inters.. i„ ‘ llh cha P tcr tire, as it is certainly one or B th“ 1 lMlruc ‘ portant portions of the book “ m °* 1 im ' voroc, a statement of cw^of^V 0 . 0 * “ ro in ded In the following cxi™ r !ch U ,oc,tt * “ Flrtf. One theory I* » h1 ,,/ ro ® P®?® 291 •triclly reprftenfaiite bodu\„? Contention Is a aime of the -*.,1 i!5 Ua S lot and in tno transferor all the powaJ* *>y actual den. llmiu-d, however, In thp 5, reni i n tbat sorer* In the .creral Slates, W tbe c °n*culloaa United Slates: that It ia -a lt^• titaUon °‘ tb® the people,* of whom bT **»®mblago of numSn. ind ren&fiwTK* of P*K actual assemblage. imasneH ***** other, an latislf, ie lmpoetlble.^S^ d J , /,P Q . l i | l ca * «peco* effected being a gatherin'* numbers ot flepntiee, people, and clothed with all u£^ni? r rep . r 5 rtnl lbe eign would have were it aij«ni?Ud* r u,e,oTef * “ *«l. The second VSS'S 1 SS'c™ rendon is a ccll»cnon of drfcwJv? the sovereign, through the acSew*«i #Ps>o bi b. snehs. of !hs ™T™ certain determinate dattes la teiailnr l f/, D r' mauon, or rertalon ot the fuSaSmSbat those dntles are, depending anon the commission nndsr cm'eS ot wtenihat la sUent, apon sotmo “mUmuijS ptlneipta and prece*nts. AccoSlno m iMa theory, the members of s Conrcniion src oil, sc- C" ?i <', T ”P e f k ; n ?. r-prrsm-nilr.,, bits' ™ and It la their function, not to enact, bat simply to recommend, con tiinUonal chaages-uniea/. Indeed, aa is eomettmos tbs case, the warrant for thelr afeemhiing iboald contain authority to act definitively, m which cate their po r. er would, per haps, be coextensive with the term* of me grant, in other words, in its last anal el», a Conv.niloiu according to this accot d theory, is a mere com mittee, sluing for a specified purpose, under the express mandate of the sovereign, and possessed ot snch powen only as a<e expressly granted, or aa are necessary and proper for the execution of cowers cxpreasly graned. Thl* theory evidently discards tte notion, so muchcheri.-hed by ibe ad vocates of the former, that the Convention Is clothed with sovereign attribute, though donbt lea- minuted to som- extent. under strict regal*- Uons intended to secare responsibility, with their exercise." * In the Judgment of the author, the former of these theories contains a heresy of tbc gravest conceivable character—one striking at the very root of our political being, and to refute It, is, wo may believe, the real pur pose of tbc book. It is his opinion that this Institution of the Constitutional Convention —an adaptation to constitutional uses of “ an institution originally revolutionary,” is one that “ however hedged about by legal “ restraints, obviously exhibits more' fca “ tnres menacing to Republican liberty than ** any other In oar whole political structure.” He esteems it pre-eminently the point in our foundation line towards which that “ eternal vigilance*’ which is the price of freedom, must be directed—opinions shared by many of the wisest and most patriotic men of the time. The book closes with chapters treating of the amendment of constitutions, and of their Aubmiesion to the people. We would willingly carry to greater length our remarks upon this book, but-oor object la not to rrrine it, but only' tV glra“ such a notice as will direct towards It the attention of oar readers. it Is not a mere code of Convention procedure, nor simply a digest of historical cases—though contain ing much of eminent value regarded from these points of view. Nor Is it atone a gath ering of what other thoughtful men have uttered respecting the powers of Conveu llous. It Is this, and much more. It Is a treatise, written by one who, holding clear, and In some respects original opinions upon u subject of leading public concern, and deeply penetrated himself with the truth aud value of those opinions, has conscien tiously, with great thought and research, matured them, and here set them forth, il lustrated and fortified with materials col- U-cted from sources the best entitled to respect. But not in anything brought from obroad, no matter oo what heights gat liered, but in the well conducted reasonings and sound conclusions of Judge Jameson him self—in the atmosphere of sound morals and sound patriotism—in the lolly tone of faith in the people and republican institutions, overspreading every page—lie, in onr judg ment, the chief value of the work. It Is published in excellent form, by Messrs. C. Scribner & Co., of New York, and is for sale by Messrs. Griggs & Co. THE STATE HOUTICULTUUAL SOCIETY. Bcvicw of the Proceedings. Tbc Bird*—Fruit District*—The Apple List—Cncrnet—important. Cbmugew— Sblppluc Small Fruit—Fruit la Wash ington County—Ornamental Trees— Lectures—Election of Officers, Arc.) Ac, [From Oor Own Correspondent.] CnaxTAios, December 14,156*. The Society met in Barrett’s Hall, in this city, on the 11th inst., and continued in ses sion to this date. We do not propose to give a detailed report, but only such points as are of the most interest to the readers ol the Tbidckb. Tbe attendance Is by far tbe largest ever convened on these occasions, and the first time that every Congressional District has been represented. The increased attention given to hortlcnl tnral pan-nits, is due to the rapid growth of our commercial cities, monufiicturing towns, and tbe facilities given by railroads to supply distant points,out of their tuna! season; hence the largely increased attendance. This So ciety has become a permanent institution of the State and growing yearly of more value, and now in It*results scarcely second tothat of tbc State Agricultural Society. It has t bus far received no other aid from the State than a republicatiou of Us transactions with those of tho State Agricultural Society. The weather was cold, too cold In fact lo trans port srulls in safety from frost, and therefore the show of these was small. The President, Parker Earle, called the Society to order at- a. in. of the 11th, when the Society was w doomed iu an-cloqueut ad dress by Judge Cuholngham, of Urbana This wa- followed bv the usual address of the President on ttic “Needs of Horticul ture,” when the session was iu full worklug The ‘‘ Rura l Cornet Baud” was pres* cut throughout the session and dK-ourscd music from time to time, to fill up the tedi um of t*»c occasion, and to show that the sons of farmers have some music in them, this band being composed of the sons of farmers residing from three to seven miles from the city. They number eleven pieces, aud had the satisfaction of introducing a new and .pleasing feature Into the State Horticultural Society. Tlmt veteran nomologUt, Dr. Warier, President of the Ohio Bornological Socriety ; Dr. Mudd. Prceidcnt of the Ml.souri State nortlcult, Soc cty ; N. J, Caiman, editor of the Sural World, St. Loots j Dr. CTocaett. and other prominent fruit-growers of Ml-*. ;toun were present. Mr. Seth C. Jones, of Larbondale, reported that during the straw berry season irom eighteen to twenty tons of that fruit were shipped daliv. and that when the orchards in that neighborhood come •ully Into bearing it will require from twenty to forty cars per day to carry their fruit to market. DIBDS. . The regular Committee on Birds not bein^ present the first day, some member offered the billowing, which made a flutter, if not among the birds, at least among their friends; /lotfrrd. That Unit-growers should favor the fraction of the room and olber fruit-eating After a sharply contested debate the whole snbject was referred to a committee la «-acn c-t the grand divisions, to examine further into the matter, and with the well under stood tact that, in some scasonsand on par ticular occasions, it might become a neces sity to shoot the birds that took too much. The feet was pretty folly established that In some sections, the robin, the blue jay. fhe oriole and the cedar bird, are very destruc tive on the late summer fruits, and that the only reined} is to shoot them; that dnrln<* the season of Incubation the birds live mostly on Insects, but that in the m< altlng season they destroy no small amount of fruit. In prairie orchards they appear to do much less damage. rKCIT DISTRICTS. An attempt was made to rearrange the grand divisions, or fruit districts, so as to adapt then to the geology of the State, but It was found that this would Involve a nice discrimination and of little practical value and they were left as at present—Northern. Central and Southern. VIUUU BUU cvuiucnii APPLE LIST. Sererml attempts were‘made to revise the fnnt lists, but without much success, sod the subject was referred to the members of the «yW°os to make special report. The Red Astrachan, which had been put on the list for market In all per a of the State 5?.?, discussed at length. Mr. Nelson, of WUI County, calls It No. 1; Mr. Francivof S Sangamon, poor root grafted, good lop H l ,®* : ,¥. r - of Macoupin, think* «i 5 l l; of Union, thinks it ononld be top grafted; Mr. Edwards, of Bu rean, spoke its ravor. The result wa* that aJtbongh not the most abundant bearer yet *f»*i? ekcn fl ’ om the l«t, Bailey Sweet was highly commended as one of the best among sweet apples. Dr. -Warder said *1 T ssa # ? orc t. of disappointment that &ddwi£° PU Ht!i eW . Enß *“ d frail, the Baldwin, did not snccced at the West, but such wa« the fact- It appeared los ®. ?* V n T v thoD S h It-U often of large size. Mr. Cocbiaa, of Cook County, had made trial of this apple, both os a standard SSL a t£T? rf *.f ad S* re i tea t<> that both were too tender. Mr. Hoggins esteems it in Us location, though it will not keep late. Mr. Jones said it bears well bat drops badlv and in Jackson County is a fall apple. Seri era! members expressed themselves in reginl to the mellow Bellflower, and «U eoncorrcd in the fact that It waa a moderate bearer, and on this account not well adapted for com eial market pnnioaea. Belmont atood in the list for family use. No motion was made to strike oat, but several members spoke of It as tender, and only a moderate bearer. Several members com mended Ben Daria very highly for market, as one of the most profitable—bears young is very hardy and prodnetive—added to thfa U a betntiml red apple, of good size, and bears shipping remarkably well. It Is hard ly second rate In quality, but for the reason above. Is becoming one of the most popular. Benoni was sold by several members to be a tardy and rather a moderate bearer though oi fine quality of fruit, ’ a visit. The second day the members, on invita tion, Tbitcd the nnrsery and grounds of M. L. Dunlap, a special train having- been ten dered for the purpose by the Illinois Central Railroad, the distance being three and a half mile*. After an absence ot two and a half hours the train returned, the members being highly pleased with the excursion. CHEBBIES. A warm discussion grew out of this sub ject. Bauman’s May and Bell Magnifique were stricken from tne list, followed by all bnt Early May and luxe English Morcllo for xnuket, to which was added May Duke for family use ; motion of Mr. Hammond, of. Warsaw who claimed tbat this variety did well enough along the bluffs of the Missis- I sippl River, and for this reason I it was added, the farmers from all other parts declaring that it was of no value. Black Tartarian was added to the list for the South for the same reason. The resnlt is tbat we have the Early May, known as Early Richmond in some sections, or the great market-dhenj of the State, to which la added Jbr culinary purposes, Large English MoreUo,-* *°Q for family use alone-- Mississippi River section, May Drfke • and B ack Tartarian. Tills Is snevero cnttlng down of the list of this fruit. Bat the meeting did not stop here. -In the first place they declared the Early May to be an American seedling, prob ably originating near Richmond, Virginia, ; and that the Donta Mariah of the French catalogues, may be the same cherry sent over the water and returned to ns under a new name. It is certainly not the English Kentish, as supposed by Downing, and that the name. Early Richmond, was given it by the elder Prince, who found it growing hi a garden near Richmond, and, knowing no name for It, called it as above, and thus sent it out to the world, while throughout the Middle States It la known os Early May. But anothcr Important thing grew out of this discussion, and that is the undisputed fact that Ibis cherry did better grafted on the sprouts or suckers of the common Morel lo than on Its own roots or other stocks. The nurserymen stoutly opposed the cut tinpoff of the Mazzardand Mahablc as sulta ble stocks and no vote was taken upon It, but the opinion expressed by the cherry growers.will admonish them to use no other stock except tb(* Morello suckers or seed lings from this time forth on the May cherry in the future, and to get rid of the old stock as speedily as possible. We imiy now look for some progress in cherry culture in this State. It was stated that there would be set lu the vicinity of Cbatn- E&ign next spring one orchard of the Early ley of two thousand trees, and three others of one thousand each, and that the trees are now heeled in ready for the purpose, besides other small lots of fifty to a hundred treta each. SHIPPING SMALL PRUIT. Two modes of shioping were presented. A new drawer divided Into sixteen compart ments bolding a quart each, by H. C. Free man of South Foss, and the Halleck box by C. Colby of the same place. The Halleck boxes hold a quart each, and can be put into boxes or drawers as desired, and is the box in general use. The boxes cut out of white poplar, arc cheap and easily made. There was a ground of complaint against the express companies for non-returning of crates and other fruit packages, and direct charges mode against the route agents for the loss. A little competition in this direc tion it was supposed would have a good ef fect. [FRUIT IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, John M. Hunter, of the above county, re ported that fiom four stations on the Illinois Central Railroad, in thU county, there were shipped 5)000 barrels of apples, 800 boxes of pears, 12,000 boxes of peaches, 1,600 bushels of blackberries, and a smaller amount of strawberries, quinces, raspberries and other fruits. ORNAMENTAL TREES. The report on ornamental trees elicited considerable discussion, as it embraced trees for shelter belts. Some contended that to make a good evergreens belt it was necessary to plant a row of poplar or other rapid grow ing trees to shelter the evergreen, and that tbc latter should be kept In the nursery un til a foot high. Others said that, if the ground was put In fine order and the trees planted very early, that small trees would grow without shelter; but the weight of ev idence was in lavor of the shelter and trees of good size, say one foot. LECTTUB3. The first lecture was by M. L. Dunlap, on the 44 Status of Horticulture.” Thcspeakcr reviewed', the-.htatory of horticulture f.-ora the cabbage garden of the early settler until

the present time, when it had become one of tbe greats branches of rural pursuits, only second to that of husbandry. The interest that horticulture bad In the Industrial Col lege about Uf be established was also set forth. - B. D. Walsh, of Rock Island, the editor of the £ntomofoffUt, gave a valuable lecture oo insects, aud showed that wo may successful, ly defend ourselves to a great extent against their attacks, but to do this we mast call to our aid the practical entomologist, who has tbc scientific training to enable him to distinguish tbe several insects, and the patience tp study tbc habits of new ones. lie Mild the armv worm laid its eggs* chiefly in the meadows, 'and If these were burned over during winter or early soring, that the whole crop of eggs would Le destroyed. The Black Knot on the plum is a fungus,, and if cut out at an early stage it would ar rest the disease. The immense damage annually committed by insects -is a great h-ak that should bo stopped,* and it is time that the State em ployed a practical entomologist to look after the bug tribe, to soy nothing of tbe humbug family. The third evening, N. J. Column, of St. Lonis, addressed the meeting on the sub ject of tbe small fruits, giving not only the value of these, but the mode of culture. Piactlcally familiar with the subject, he had no dUllcu'.ty in impressing tbe tacts upon his audience. All the lectures were well attend cd, and their lessons will not soon be for gotten. The members visited the “ Agricultural College” buildings, that arc proposed to be denoated to tbc State, and expressed them selves highly pleased with them, as welt as the farm attached. Resolutions were passed unanimously In favor of keeping tbe fund undivided, of a central location, and opposed to tbc plan of the College Presidents. The location to be left to the Legislature, as should best sub serve the intention of the grant, and accom tnodatc the people of tbc state. MIOMT OP FHl’lT. W. T. Nelson, of Will County, hud three varieties, including AVinesop, Rocolcs Janet, and'White Pippin. , £.Dagg«y, of Douplaa Countv h»*d twenty nine varieties, croons?them AVinesop, Tolmau Sweet, Esopus, Spllzcnburuh, Hoops and W liite Pippin, The Ohio PuinoToglcal Society, Bailey’s Sweet, Grimes, Golden, Liberty. Northern Spy, Traders, Fancy, AAestflcld Seek-no-faither, Prolific Beauty, rosily ucw varieties, but all flue and showy. G. D. Nelson. President ol the IndianaPom oloKfeal Society, prescotcd the “evening E a * l >‘ a jtcw apple from that State. Mr. Bailey, of Mount Carroll had eighteen varle* ties, nni< ng them the Swaar. Belmont, pqo rock, Jonathan, Golden Kussett and Rhode island Greening. A. J. Heine, of Terre Haute, Ind., had 1 ickard, AN inesop. Smith’s Cider, Raraboand Rowlts Janet. M. L. Dunlap, Champaign, tad the Perry or Winter Russett, English Ku j^ tt * Winte? Piopin, a yellow Russett seedling of /air pronmc, a sweet Russett of crod promise: also, Bluesklu Pippin, Gilpin Jonathan, Michael Henry Pippin; Smith’s Cider, Wlnesop, Icllow Bellellowcr, Brandy wine or Minklcu, Red Canada, Snow Apple ; and new apple of high merit and which received marked attention for its size tine appearance and high tUvor. The tree Is said to be hardy and very productive. (i.R Bokcr. o f Union Conntv—Willow Twig, linden Twig and White Wfnter Pear main. Messrs. Bell it Louvre, of South Pass, had a fine collection of fifty varieties, all of large size and showy appearance. election nromenw. re Baldwin, of LaSalb) Conntv. lic~li t g,G*nta(Large— A.M. Brown. Pulaski county, tlm ufetric*—J. Perlam, Cook District -R. Dong as*, i*ke. v bl,d J ) £ tr,c ? J. I*. Bailey, CarroL ™* 8t; cI :T A ,^ C ‘ Ihmunond, Homer. £•‘*.s p.l't'tvi—Edwards. Bureau. bOTenihinstrict-.V. L. Dnnlap. Champaign. Uclnh DiMnct—Wm, 11. Mann, ilrl^ap. Nmta District—J.-o. Mervgmaii, Cass. Tenth District—J.l) Turner, Morgan. K crenth Dktrict-J. S. Mahfl", v ar ;on. Iwclftb DlOrict—J.AVllgn*. Washington. Thirteenth District—Paul Wright, Onion. (tary-VT. c. FUgg, Madison. Aatlrcnf HtWary—E. L. Barlow, Uidlson. fr*i*vrrr~J. IDgirlns. Macoupin. Exn-a:ir* Cotnr.Antt —F„ Baldwin, P. Earle, O. S. Shepherd. 0.8. Calusha. and £ S. NEXT MEETING. Invitations were received from Franklin Carbondale, O'mrga, South Pass, Mokansc and AVllmlngton. After a warm contest, South Pass was selected and the time to be fixed by the Executive Com mittee, hut with instructions to make it the last of September or first of October. wixxa am> cordials. Ffrct, Ires, from the Ives grape of OMo : 2d, Cstswba of ISO, from tVaisaw, 111.: Gd. Clinton! (American dareO from South Pa«s ; 4th! Catawba, from Warsaw ; stin Clinton, from •bits place: Ctb. Catswbi from Ohio; 71b. Mrawjbcxry Ccrdlsl from South Vasa; sth, same from Clisuipaif*. None of these were recommended as first class. The Ives and Catawba stood highest. TbclStiawberry cordials were pleasant and for medicinal drinks no doobt valuable. TUB COLLEGE GRANTS, The Executive Committee were Instructed LFapply to the Legislature to bare the State a?k Congress to place the college script on the same basis os the war land warrants: THEE PEDDLES?. Mr. Edwards offered the following, which was passed by a large vote: WnxaEos, Tie, progress or fcortlcnltnre has been very ranch fidufedby tree peddlers through their Jgaorince sad dishonesty In selling trees uninie to name, at vnonnour and tmc?nil drices. deliver id tn cold, ftvezltg weather, by wWch tinnert snd smatenr frcii growers have been difconngeo »nl disputed; therefore. * lu * Society, as a body of fruit *’ r ?'*s T, j formers and Irrltunate nurserymen and '“f ♦ophalieolly denounce the business as Sf.tSftL!? 4 “*“.l or loo* *9 the host Interests of oottJcnljtne and ihe prosperity of ihe State. ~i7»!\£ <i .\ ards Btated that at this season, the thcrmome>er at zero in the moral !?jv d , bnt a above during the ofthfcJC tree peddlers delivered cu ftom. re, taking them from the 1 1111 h “ T “ I E them placed In the ajtner a wacon without the leaat protection dollar each for apple tree., the narmf price of which waa SI tttnnriea, hnt that In thla c**e the trees are ruined by frost. ••*«> of what nse la anch a np *V° J '"“rachESS, a*id“no mraers. In the meantime their families re*T-b^fh r on 1111111 the Progress of the age wsv^inr!«m* n< ! lißht dawiu on their path nriMnati* 11 difficult to conceive of deeper ig «otuh^h£ 0 ? ff tbe P°° r »hite trash of tfis. ft- S" 1 *• Presented on the above anb bounty, that boasts over a nnndrcd common schools within her bor- “MWered»h.twhile theres wu fcut jn.t In iUelf, yet it micht be . " -"d to ° Ijberally; that while votlnc lor tt they would preler It amended. But It Pf* B ®*?’ a P £ roß»wing was offered and debate or opposition: That there is no good reason why the H«.°hS travelling agents of responsible nurse »^A, e .v. otl d he put upon the some footiag with ibe irtTrlMag agents of any otner tesponsb * EQ that they be not confounded •iir» . oeddlere, whose dishonest practices ■re tut too apparoit. PEAS CCXTCBE. planting in well drained son, and in the shade of large trees, were generally fenceded to be valuable points. No remedy Jet been discovered for pear blight that ean be relied upon, and we must look for a Preventive, rlanllng In hedges, say in rows four to six feel .apart In the row and cutting back, under the shelter of other and keep the surface shared or niched, appear desirable. Pears have done weu with almost every variety of treatment, whether of neglect or good - care, and then again have as signally disappointed the cul tivators. The experience of scarcely two moral ers being alike, have the most antag onlttlc views in regard to this fruit of the true mode of culture of which we really know so little. . Til The transactions arc to be pubVahcd with in the next two montbsi The members are to receive a copy eachTand others by send ing a dollar to the Secretary or any of the officers can-bbtain a bound copy, providing the order is made before the edition la worked off. After passing the usual complimentary resolution®, the Society adjourned. Rural. THE FRIZE RISG. PlcbtfofOoe Hundred Dollars a Side Between Afatoey Kraiu, flrom Ron doDtj and Lake fllnrpby- ofltew Torft -The FlcbCa Ui-»w-Krnni natebed to Flgbt Ibe Unknown, of Quebec* for One Thousand Dollars a Side. [From the Sew York Herald, December 16.] About eleven o'clock on Friday night, at Captain John Flynn’s porter house, in Spring street, the forfeit of fIOO was deposited In the hands of the stakeholder, os the first In stalment of the sum of SI,OOO a side In the * impending fight between Patscy Evans and the Unknown, ofQucbec. After the money had been deposited a match was arranged between Evans and Luke Murphy tor SIOO a tide, to come off within two hours from the staking of the money. About twelve o’clock tbc parties who had been despatched to pro cure a room returned with the intelligence that they had secured a largo and commodi ous room. In a well known sporting house of tbc Eighth Ward. ... The principals and their friends repaired to the rendezvous, and when they arrived were received by 200 well known sporting men, among whom acre Patscy Marlcy, Hairy Hill, Joe Coburn, Mike Coburn and Dan Noble, who bad learned of the impending fight, and who were present to witness the sport. Patsey Couch and Butt Riley appear ed as seconds for Patscy Evans, and Mike Brady and Jack McGrath seconded Murphy. George O’Donnell acted as referee. After the preliminaries of the fight had been settled, both men stripped and simul taneously entered tbc ring. After the usual shaking of bands tbc fight commenced. TUB Flour. Bovnd 1. Evans stripped fleshy and much larger than his antagonist. Some graceful snar ling was Indulged In by both men, who evidently understood their buslrees. Murphy was >bo first to attempt hostilities, bm his blow was soon par ried. Evans fongbtbls man to a corner, where a loee struggle ensued, and both went down. Evans catro up much flushed and his right ebeek xnnch swollen. Mnrpby missed ths flrrt blow and caught It re treating,on the right car. Mu-phy retaliated on the mouth and caught it on the ribs, and finished by warming Evan's nose. Morpbydown. Jtvvtid:*. This round and succeeding rounds to the ninth were similar. Some fine sparring was Indulged In, lint no damage dose. Hovtid a. Both gladiators came up smiling, with co perceptible discoloration upon the phiz of filter. Murphy landed bis leXliuawley upon the forebe d of Kvm«, who rc'allatariby a bea/y blow upon it nrpbv’g smeller, which slightly drew hectare!. First Wood claimed anda'lowed to Evans. After > ome dancing about and light spar ling Mnrpby got home with his right mawley no on the leH optic of Patscy, drawing a bunch, wbenPatrcy clinched on a close bng, throwing Mnrpby and Calling heavily upon him. Hovnd 10. Evans came up lo the scratch growl ing, mil of g»me, bnt showing signs of Danish merit In thedoelng of the left peeper, which was heavily draped in mourning. This round was short, Mit’pby being strncli down by a severe body blow. Houpd 11. Morphy lacdrdwarmly os the nose, Evans countering on the chest. Some rapid ex changes, in favor of Morphy ; bo;b clinched, and Morphy went down. Hounds 12 and K'. Were not marked by any paitlcnlsr skill or gameness. In these rounds Murphy fell to avoid punishment Round 14. Was more lively, both lads entering Into the contest with more spirit Some hand-ome too rapid deliveries were nude, Mnrphy having the best of It finishing np by gnlng down. Hoind 15. Morpbv came up to time with a smile ofmbcbfct playing about bis month. Alter some lancv sparring Murphy threw himself forward and caught Evans upon the bridge of the nose, draw- Irg the purple iluid. staggered by the blow, Evans recoiled, but quickly recovering himself, bored Mnrphy imo bis corner, and clinching threw him, falling heavily upon bis body. Hound 10. Short spamng, a cross wrestle and both down. Hound 17. Quick, handsome work, with the ad vantage is behalf of Morphy. Hound IS. Evans came npto tbe Umo call, lull of game and forcing the fighting; hit Murphy a temfle tockdolagcr in the breast, throning him clt-sn of bis feet. Hound ll». Murphy got well home on the ribs; Evans countered noon the right ear, and again upon the cbft-t; exchange* at long range upon the dial; Evacs trot twice npon tbc mark. Murphy upon the rlaht ogle, noth fought merrily to the rope?, aud both went down. Hound 20, Evans' want of condition began to tell upon him, hfs left eye showing a tendency to contract. Evans cot borne oo the neck, hut was cleverly countered upon {be right temple. Both down. hounds 21 and 22 were abont the same, very Hi de bard bitting being indulged In, aud Mnrphy diopplng on each occasion. Hound 2a. Mnrphy down In the ring after a ively set to. Hound 21 nr.d Last was He btsi contested of Iho battle, both men Itch line with extraordinary spir it. Mmnby fell non a terrible blow noon the chest, and when down hla second claimed that a fonl blow bad been struck by Evans. Hie claim of foul was put In but. not allowed, the relcree de ciding arainst the claim. At this moment the in formation was received dial tbe fight was discov ered, and that a raid was Intended by the poVce, wber. upon ibe referee decided the fight a draw, and the parties hastily s< parated. Both parties were considerably punished, Evans’ peepers being quite Evans stand six feet two Inches lo height, and weighs two hundred pounds avoirdupois. His antagonist, the “ Unknown,” from Que bec, stands six feet tw<> and a half Inches in height, and weighs one hundred and ninety* fish’ pounds. Both parties will immediate ly go Into training for the impending con test, which, from the exhibition of Evans’ gamcncss In this last mill, will probably prove a closely contested battle. BCEXIXG OP THE SEAT OHLEAXS THEATRE. intrrrrtlne Reminiscence* of tlio loatl tntlon for Fifty Trarr-Bemarkible Srrle* ot Theatrical Calamities. iFrom the New Oilcan- Crescent, December 61b.) The Orleans Theatre is one of the things of the past. It was consumed by fire yes terday morning between the hours of six o’clock and half-past nine. Its fitly years of amusement and gayety wl-1 live henceforth In the minds of old citizens only. The origin of the lire was behind the scenes. It Is not only positively asserted to have bean the work of an Incendiary, hut that the curtains or scenery were set on fire In four different maces. The engines were prompt In reach ing the ground, bat the llames were found extremely difficult to subdue. The Interior of the building was of wood an I the most combustible materials, nud in two hours and a half alter the flames bad started they had done their worst. The Orleans lull room and cotlcc bouse, which was really part of the house, are burning at the time we write, but It is thought that a portion of the outer walls will bo prcscivcd. The burning of a nlacc of amusement is an event which naturally arrests the attention of the public : but of an old building like the Orleans Theatre, which occupied the foremost portion In the dramatic world for nearly a half century, uo one can read of Its destruction without a certain amount of emotion. It wa» built In 1817, and upon Us Imards the leading operas have been per formed; at a time, too, when a similar Insti tution was almost unknown in Northern cities, and In such a manner us to excite the admiration of every traveller who visited tins enuntry. Upou its boards Fanny Elslcr has danced, and Jenny Lind sung; Col«on, Devries, Fleury Jolie, Calve, and the oilier of the first lyric artists have there appeared, ai.d until the building of the new opera, a short time previous to the war, it still re tained its reputation as the leading place of resort with the French and Creole fashionable world. The erection t>f the new building decided Us late, and Us most historic memories neve kept it Irom henceforth occupying a second ary rank. It became associated daring the war. and, immediately after, with some of the roost painful changes of the revolution though not. that we know of, through any fault of the proprietor, Mr. Pariango—and the tavor of the public to subsequent repre sentations was but reluctantly won back. The building was twice erected. It was immediately after its completion destroyed by fire, and its cost fell as a heavy loss upon Mr. Lalrobe, the architect. It was rebuilt by Mr. P. Davis, sen., in 1317. The ball-room connected with It has its own history Itself, anc if we remember rightly it was here that Jackson aud Lafayette were feted on their second visits to this city. The balls which have been given there since the war have not In all respects been of the same fashionable character. The ruined appearance of the building— which, by the way, exhibited La Tour de Neele, one of the gloomiest and darkest trag edies ever written, upon Its last performance night—U at present a fair roprosenution of those who were In anyway Interested in it at the time of its destruction. The theatre was valncd at SIOO,OOO. and the proprietor Is said to have paid $05,000 In gold for It before the war. The manager of the the-trical company invested So,ooof. (about £.*0,000. greenbacks,) In his unfortunate en terprise, and Ilypolite, who had charge of the coffee-house, fruit room, ball room, and was adding an eating house saloon, bad ac cording tohla own statement, spent $14,000 In putting his premises In order and obtain- Ueiris stock. Of this sum he only loses ©.OOO, as the remainder of bis investment was covered by insurance. The present season has been an unfortu nate one for the theatrical world, and recalls to mind the terrible tragedy of the Evening ot*r. Counting the failure of Mrs. Howard at the Olympic, and loss of some stage properties at the Varieties by the sinking of the Evening Star, the St. Charles remains as the only theatre which has so far escaped any losses whatever. The dissolution of three theatrical companies alone is an event, we believe, which has never been chroni cled in this city before in one season, and, as the misfortunes of managers and actors arc the misfortunes of the public, are snch as we trust will never occur again. soothers'LOYALTY. Quality of tlie Article In Arkansas. The following sample of Southern loyalty is from the Southern Vindicator, published at Flneßlnffa, Arkansas, of November 30, and appears la that paper over the editorial sig nature of Jno. Geo. Byan: - 1 am nut inclined to be an assassin, bat if to destroy a tyrant is assassination, then f would destroy the tyrant. As It has been proved. President Lincoln head and voluntary servant of the Radicals, who purposed the destrac- Hon .of the South, and, m a measure, suc ceeded in their hellish designs. 1 was opposed to, and fought against Lin coln and his tyrants, and ever will. M ben the news of his death reached me. I rejoiced. When I learned that a man who never identified himself with the Confederate cause, struck the tyrant low, I thanked God that He had selected an instrument, from the heart of radicalism, right nnder the tyrant’s guns, to deprive America of a radi cal tool. And when I laid down my arms, after a bloody straggle for Independence, I thanked God from the mllness of my heart, that Abra ham Ltncolndld not lire to mock onr misery. - Mrs. Anne Drummond has been arrested in Davenport, lon a, for bigamy. Or rather for trig amy. She confesses to three hatbands. TATES PHALANX. First Reunion of the Ratlnot Old Thirty- Ninth-Prominent .Military Officer* aad Civilians Present—Drcoratl-a* «l the flail —Election -f Officers for the Bosnia* Year— Speeches by General Osborn, Caiouci Mans* and Others—Dcsoatch Iron* senator Yaiew-Tbo Poem—The Banquet. [Special Deepatch to the utucago Tribune.] r Bloommotos, December 29. The first asnnal reunion of the gallant old Thir ty-ninth Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, better known as Ihe Yates Phalanx, came oif here to-day, on the anniversary of their master oat of the ser vice. The great number of the veterms of this nebie command resided in this county and abont its borders, and the opportunity afforded today, of again meeting their old companions in arms, has enticed many of Ibem to Bloomington. Quito a number Lave also come down from Uucago, to' loin In the pleasures of the occasion. General T. O Usbont, Genual Eton. Colonel Mann, Dr. Htuk, Judge llrsdwoll, and several other promi nent cillxens of Chicago, with some twenty-four ladies, are among the visitors At eleven o’clock this morning a business meet, ing was oiled, at which Colonel Mann presided. Nothing was done beyond the appointment of a committee to report at the afternoon meeting nominations for officers for the ensuing year, and to suggest a plan for the Union of IStfl. Boyce Ball, tn which Ihe meeting was held, was very beautifully decorated for tho occasion. Fes toons of evergreens and the National colors dec orated the walls. On the front of the gallery was a large portrait ol Grant, and smaller portraits of Washington, Lincoln, Sherman and Grant, sur icnndcd by evergreen wreaths, flanked the stage, and the tat'ered remnants ot the £ute and National flags of Ihe regiment, torn to shreds and tatters, bearing the lueflbccable marks of man? a deadly conflict, were [displayed over tie sucks of aims and at the back of the stage. At two o’clock tbe grand reunion took place. Colonel Mann presided, and captain Svreetxer officiated as Secretary. About five hundred per sons were present. 'As the first bueiress la order, tbe committee ap pointed at tbe morning session presented their re port. Tbev nominated the following officers: President— Captain H. M. Phillips ; vice Presi dent*—Lieutenant J. T. Union, Captain Savage; Secretaiy—Captain L,"Baker; Asstetsst Secreta rl«s—Captain Gilmore. Captain McJleuan: Chair man of Committee of Arrangements—Lieutenant Kd. Connelly, with the privilege of appointing tbe other members of the Committee. For the place of reunion next year the committee recommends! Wilmington, and, asaproper time, October lllh, the date of tbe original muster in of the regiment. sFEzcn or colojtel hurts. Colonel Maim opened tee meeting tn a few well chosen remarks, addressing hi* old comrades as fellow citizens—a term which he regard id as even more honorable than soldiers, as expressing tho idta of one of the greatest honors of oar country —oncol tbe greatest bulwarks of our liberty, the convertibility of American citizens Into soldiers, to protect the honor and safely of our country. Re alluded in feeling terms to bis own connection with the re. inent, and his sense of the honor con femd on him is choosing him to preside over this meeting. He called the attention of the members of tbe regiment present to the fact that exactly five yeats ago to a day, the old thirty-ninth started on its fli-tmarch toward ihe enemy from Williamsport, and on the evening of that rime day were enraged in their fits! deadly conflict with the foe. In conclusion be exhorted tbe old members of the regiment to keen up their civil organlzatirn aa long as two of them were Mt 10 meet together. An appropriate pnycr was offered upbyßcv. Hr. Cororcr. Ji was announced that Hon. Richard Tates had been invited to be present, but cook) not attend owing to Impeialive business In Washington. PESTATCB ntOU SENATOR TATES. Ihe following despatch from him wa*,howcver, read: WASmsovorr, D. C. Colonel O. T. 31 nun: Your letter reached me too late. I cannot meet you, but 1 send yon my warm greetings, and hap py w ould I be to meet the noble regiment which lor four years of war bore my name upon I s bat tle-flag, and which In lofty heroism aad b'Hllaat acblevemctts was unsurpassed bvaoy regiment of any Siste in the Ur ion. All honor to General Oftorcc, coloi cl Mann, and ail the officers and alt the men. linne defenders of your coturry and of liberty, long may yon live to wear the Lonc:s yea huro won, and may t. grateful country w\ll remember yonr patriotic sen lees, and Heaven shed Its choicest blessings upon yon. ihcuAim Yates. Anew song was well sung by the Regimental Glee Club, consisting of piivste Bd Conley, Sur geon C. M. Clark, Lieutenant P. M. Lace. General T. O. Utfboni* l , the orator of the day. was then introduced, and Ihe Boys in Bine hailed with enthusiastic applause their old commander. On thcsnhsloing nr the prolonged greeting, (feo «ral Ce borne Uelitered the following eloquent aud tolJleily oration: sricxcn or onrxiur mosas o. oshoes. Patriot dtlrcnsl Defctders of a-eomo.'on country! Heroes of the field, victors over re- Demon 1 Survivors of red hot war! The spirits of onr fallen leaves, survivors of death and the pave unto Immortality have been invoked; they have answered to the rod call of tnclr Grand Ad jutant. at their headquarters on high, and have assembled to salute yon, to greet you, to com mune with you. and renew that comradeship ever dear to them aid you on the field of blood and suffering. This reunion marks bat ono single year, 'ibis anniversary speaks of but one journey of the earth around ibe sun, since yon, as a regi ment, stepped down from the altar of your coun try to lie altar of your Domes. No explosion of shell lr your quarters assembled you to-day. No ruinle halls maklrg death music rallied you on your colors. No picket firing tells you the enemy is close os our front. No "aide-de-camp,” on his “gay charger." or wild bugle blast on me air cornea sweeping down along our Hues "with or ders to charge." Ibe enemy's truss are as silent as the grave. Onr own banner is over bis sma’l aims stacked. The bugle Is without a note—the "aide" la with tab mother "after tie battle," and you have no picket., out. The dangers which gathered so closely and remained so ling about the life of oar common country made you soldiers and friends. Tire common suffering and hardships which you encored in the camps, on the marches lu Ihe t'inches, and braved on the field fbr each other and the land you loved so well, made you vete rans and brothers. The dangers, sufforieg, trench es and fields are not with you to-day; they are all rllent and quiet "beyond the Potomac.” But the comrade*hip. the friendship, the brotherhood, (he never dying attachment with ynn sttll remain, ihc lies which yoa formed in the field, which bound yon together closer than brothers, for the defence of yourflagandyonrfclve-,became more sac:cd than (hose of kindred: liable did not weaken them, death con’d not sorer them, peece end time have not destroyed them, they ate living ties, for they have epo.on; they ordered, end /on have reported to look upon each other and tay, "Hail, comrades,and overlive the Republic!” 1 pronounce bo eulogy, for your hUlory as a regiment 1# apart of tbe history of lha Hessb le. Wc cvine to do no Homage to yonr bravery or cotntncmoraie yoi r deeds. for your deeds aod fame are tar nl-ovc my words ano my praise. The fuur lone years 01 battlo and “tramp tramp, tramp,’- against a too of America birth. arc linked togithcr by deeds and events which hate •. tank'd a world, and become one History, which by yon and posterity will never be forgotten. To that history of ihe loyal masses of this country yon gave at least ono ebap-er, written by your* selves with the b-ad and polished pen of steel. It . is a sad and yet it Is a bright hMorr; It is a wou ecrful and yet it Is a glodotu hfstorv. Jo U are jrlnra riciorlr. a=d al,„ .pc ..Burst page is recorded defeat, but upon the last pace final victory. Upon iu fir>«t pare is written eltsoet disaster, bnt upon its last 'final success Uf on its first paces wc lied the names Buh Ran. Bvanrt gard and the Louisiana*! ;gers; npon Its lost the names 01 Gram, the ibutT-nlnlh, and An* I omalios Court House. It commences with stav • ry, chains and icjnsUcc, but closes with freedom . to cveiy American cltaen, aud equal and exact justice to k]l men. Some would have vou close that history, seal li up aud Jay It away ant forget it foi ever, but 1 toll you no. You have not been able - o close It the past year; It will ever remain epen Ijcfuio yon; yon will turn page atterpare, is the day succeeds the day, until you are nib* orea to your comrades. You and your children vill read it, aud It will make yon and your cult dieo proud and keep yon good loyal ciusens to a free J.’epuDlic, lh!a regiment, the'il irty-nlnlh. had its birth at oueof the moeicritlcal periods In the history of the Republic. To tbe loyoL it was a most awful aud momentous period, when the preheat was fui. of don* I. and dark gloom was upon the inture—when ihc eloquence and argument- of our lojrJ e.aie*n:cn ban tailed to maintain them**--"’* uty of the Government whea they were powerless to arrest the waves of -dis solution—when men. wicked and ambUoas men, men who liad drank of that potion which maiteUnm violate their oaths and forget their country; men who yet. ite.—O, tAcme /-mm wbo bad robbed, cruelly, fcluniousl/ robbed as of al* mo*t all, except our honor and otirfanh, declared, in answer to tbe soothing, .rionlog, patriotic words of the Commander-10-Chiefi Abraaam ilt.coln. if he would protect our liberties, it he would shield the great American name from dis grace, If he would save the Republic, he must >ave it wi'h lire bayonet, and they lot slip jhc red hot shot. Sumter was on fire, the old fia~ wu insulted. ana the rebellion and war wee Inaß'-rt :ated. it was a “bad thox” for ireas'U. It was an unholy fire to kindle for traitors. Thclicoab ic. It I# true, Bcme thought, tottered almost toa*r ail, »he tiieLQß of freedom, throughout tae world, rembied fur her doom, it was no Joke, and the people#’ chief turned fromlhe smoke and flames of homier, and spoke to tbe btlls of New England and tbe prairies of the West, and fir away, down, down deep In tae hosts of he loyal masse* of the North, came babbling up patriotic emotions, and von ceased to be tbe children of jour, for the time, and beam* the children of the Republic, Von stepped forth as the Yates Phalanx, a ilnnc, mot toe power, anc then and there, swore “yon would shield her ana sire her, or perish there, too.” \ on kepi that oath well, you marcaed with her over her mountains of trouble aud through seas of blood, you tound your post early aod guarded her with bayonet#, for mote than four long years, until she was freed from danger, relleveu f.-om tbe attack of her owu children, whom she ka4 cbenahed aud protected—rebeis to a free Govern ment. ion ndeemed your vows. The Colon was saved, butmanyofyourmembers pcri«hed. 1 care not mutilate your record. 1 cannot lead von over all rour battle-grounds to day. Why need I Ir ion have preceded me already. Yoa have 1 fought every battle o’er again to-day—you have : pitched yo-.rttets npon every old camp ground —you have slept on every bivouac—yon have counted almost every leace ra«i burned, when under the command ofMajor Mann, and every chicken slaaguterei when under the command of Colonel Maun, since you answered to roll call this morning—you have had tbe same feeling and even the same dreams yon bad in midwinter, when you slept on the mounts ins In Virginia, or In midsummer In tbe sands of South Carolina—dreams of home aod the “girls you left behind von.” Yon have stepped to the same music to-day that ” Brother Lace' give ns on the basks of rhe Rap pahannock and on the banks of tbe James. You have renewed yenr acquaintance with the old apple-jack of the Shenandoah, and the sweet potatoes on the Nacsctnosd. Yon have made long marches. Yon have marched to-day with ambulance and stretchers. Tour feet are sore and your old wounds grumble and ache when you see our Mule surgeon np withtu, bis keen knife ana steady hand ready, '* if a member abends, to cut It oa.” Wbo ot yon can forget when we crossed the waters of tbe Mississippi w;th order* to fight “mil Slgel,” or how ssccsm foi yon were when the President said the “All qnlel on tbe Potomac” was becom ing very painful, and he wasted one regiment at lca-1 Jrom bis own State to break the silence, aud yon responded t Scarcely bad you crossed the Potomac; scarcely had von planted your feet on the sacred soil of Virginia, before the nppllng water- of that quiet river rrembled b- ccaih tbe thunders ot Mnblenberg and oid Stonewall Jack son’s caouon. Fancy soldering then ceaied with you, and work—hoi work—commenced. Then, for the first time, yon stood far* to face with the blocoa of the first families of Virginia. Alpine, Bath and Carapon will never forget your reckless bravery, ror those thirty-six long boors yon stood with eighteen thousand Godless rebel# in your front and an Impassable river lo your rear, it was year maiden fight, bat it cost stonewall Jack son almost his commission, and tbe rebels their ablest leader. Bat >be < bjecls of jour presence there for the tine were accomplished. The eternal quiet on (be Potomac, which had so annoyed oor great reserve, the loyal masse* ot the North, trij broken: the campaign was ooened; Quaker guns were at a discount; the Army of th~ Potomac moved, and yon were on the fe d. Teat campaign, the first of the warm the now hlatortc Valley ol the Shenandoah, proved to the world, hr the endurance of the ü boya In bias'* ta the loos marches and sleepless nights, that this Govern ment was not only safe in their hands, bat they had the plncK and the bravery to nerforn the duarreeable lark ol crushing me rebellion, if not in ninety days, to do u, at least, so that it would stay done before they returned to their hornet Tie battle of Winchester, fought oa one aide bv that gallant son of Indiana. General - n fi in which that pious VI minis u, bat ansanenfl-d patriot, Ftinewall Jackson, was the first, last. perhaps ocly litre defeated, rabjeetei year dis cipline, jour slecl and honorto ibe severest tettof the field, in every open field battle there are three pericds difncctlj marked. Pnnn the moment yon kcow that baitfe 1* Inevitable, (bat “It man TL ilh lb * Artillery «nd the etiralahere .rdtug the poaltton of the enemy, the flrat period opens and closes wnen the rattling ofiho tbe thundering of tte^nSLSi .Ml b. or mo aow.wmiSSfrtotS; shall slay. Tht rnna an* uncaoped. bayonets have bt«n fixed tL* coin alecl 19 at work. It la close haad-10-hsnd death work. Thecomhal tarts atone arc teen, wit* the burnished sab* c and polhbcdba one! flittering la the sunlight; oat cjoei opoo that period, that oth*r ocrifvJ follow?, when 70a are siono oa the field, with the dead and ttc dving. The lint period :s known to yon as the period ol surprise, terrible surprise; you know that the ha'tle most commence. bat how or when you know .Dot; you know that the enemy u clo»o upon your -front, lint his position and strength hare not yet been developed, then it takes nerve, heart and will combined ro snvaht yen, for everything se- tnlDcly is clotbec In doubt, except yout trusty gun, tho Springfield rlile, that never dcctivea yon The second U bnowu as the period of forgetfulness, tor thin yon forget heme and kindred, the "past and the fotnre, life and death, ana remember nothing, save yonr country’s victory and the cause tor which you flebt. He last Is the period of pain and sorrow: then yon gather no the fallen, both friend «nd foe. von hind np Ihe wonods of the bleeding, you pliy then yonr lifeless enemy and weep over your dcid comrade, and bnry them oat of yonr sight forever. Yonr field history is fall ofeach periods. They come crowding back upon your memories, and with ibeseold acquaintances you are living that field llfeovcranaia to-uay. You will never forget that long day of suspense and douhr. when Jon, with tha< old Western Division of Ohio and ndsaua boys, “six thousand strong,” under the lead of General Terry, steamed np the James to reinforce our army at Malvern Util, when the rumors came floating down the river, from time to time, telling you of victories and retreats, of •• On to Richmond” and “change of base,” and bow your hopes went do»c and down, and almost out, when you were told that six thousand were useless, that a xcim bnrsement of flfiy thousand was required to go to Richmond, when you knew that Division could go anywhere. Or will yon ever forget that period wtm the old brigade "you swept up that hill to your close work on Fort Gregg! It was yonr bloodiest work of the war. For two long hoars yon maintained the struggle. For twenty-four uizmtes not a shot was beard. The turtle was not over, but th« fate of a Rebel Confederacy was In that fort, and In those fearfol moments was be ing determined, while the work of death was go ing on. it was then, and in those awful moments ol yonr forgetfulness of all save the Republic and the honor of her flag, you won that eagle for your banter. It was on the parapets of that fort, and on the inside of that inclosed work you broke the enemy’s lines. I’etersborg and Richmond were ours, and with more than one-ihird of our num bers down, went out the first, and, 1 think, the last 01 Eel cl Cci<fcderaci*:s. in all ofyourcamoaigns yonr experience proves that yonr field life as volunteer soldiers was a pe culiar life, it bad its momenta of joy and its hours of sorrow. At times success was with you. and sometimes reverses. When success attended our arms von thought It was good to he at tbe front When defect followed, and gloom gathered around every loyal heart at home, yon never lost faith in jour cause or hopes ot success. In that long campaign of one ronud year with Grant on the James, in front of Richmond and Petersburg, when you gathered np yonr dead and dying al most every day, (be time was when the grand re serves at home seemed to have become demoral ized : when seme clamored for peace, when there wasro peace save in a divided Union; when some asked for your return before yonr work was accomplished, when there was no return lor vou save with the foil of the Republic, and with ’dls grace to you. 'then you did not despair. Youreg isteied another oath. You then swore by the Grtai Eternal that the Republic should stand, that Ibis Union, the Union ot s ! l our hopes, the <lmoa ol this people, Ihe Union of the States, the great American Union, union against treason and re* vis. agai’i't enemies at home or abroad. the powers of earth or hell, should be mahtalncd. in the field you have yonr boon of good limes, as well as your hours of disappoint ment ard tougli times It was a good time to you when on the sandy blnfb of Folly Island you looked upon oor fleet of little monitors in line of battle, mo'.lng up Charleston harbor to their work on Sntuter. But yonr bard time overook you when in that loeg seise la “mid-aainracr” through the sands of Morris Island, under a con tinuous ram of fire and obeli, by parallels you moved against Forts Wagner, anmlrr and Gregg. You were not veteranized by law Just then, but you got your bounties when yon went over the sand walls of the forts, captured the gun that sent the first shot at Sumter and the “Star of tbe West,” and shouted “ Wsurer is taken, boys, taken 1” Your campaign 00 me Block water give yon heavy marches and sleepless nights, hut light fighting at-d pleasant battles; but you paid well lor yonr title is the struggles at Deep Bottom, on Drunr’sßlutL where yun won the name and rank of the Star Regiment of the Army 01 tbe East.' - You had yonr long campaigns and yonr short campaigns. You had your first campaign and yonr last cam paign. Your first campaign aid not open at Bull Run, bntyonr last campaign did clo»o at the Ap pomattox Court Home. Yonr first cxmoalgn opened with the black flag In your front, giving no quarters and asking none. Yonr last closed with that other flag, lbs white flag, tn your front, asking nothing bat surrender ing everything. Yon went to Richmond, but you first went aroauditwith Grunt and Gibbon, Sheridan and old handle Foster. Then you came home; the rebellion was dead: tbe Union wa? saved. Yonr pledges redeemed, and Davis and cotton were nothlrgs. Just one year ago yon fell back in good order on yonr grand reserve, and reported to the loyal marica of the Government that your work was finished. You spoke of your thirty-six battles and ofyoor seven hundred dc d and wounded. Yon reported vour wounded pres nt, but your gallant dead yet on the field, with no rebel hostl'e Use near their field-beds where you laid them. lon told them tnc story ot root struggles, how yon v ere left alone on the field at Diary's Bind; by the tailing bacc of onr army, how you matwcu yred by wings to protect your Canks. h-j\v you wvte suironnded, pressed on all sides by the t-ne my.’and bow you closed np and eat your way through lo your triends. You mentioned Ifas names of Walker and White man, and how those two yonng. reckless, daring spirit# with many comrades fen, and the lean ot Mnrrton v hen he, your General, said they were too brave to die. lou aid them of your struggles at Chapin Farm, Darllngtown Hoad. Strawberry Plains, Wicr Bottom Church and Appomat’ox Court House, and your renowned char.-c« at Deep Run: how you sealed the enemies* work* and cap urea more prisoners than number, and you did not forget Woodrml and Williams, Frame, Fellows, Kndd, Dari?, l*mort an! Wilder, andthe - long list preferred of Heaven; bow gallantly th-j went down, ar.d how gloriously their young lives went out. You went to the field boys. Y'oa came back men. Yon went to the field with ranks full. You retnred with ranks thinned and limbs shattered ion went out, and took thosefiags "'tthyon. You brought them back written all over with the deeds of heroes. The Hag ot the Rcpnhlic—the tU" of fcecaen—was entrust.d. is the hour of peril and rtat.g* r, to you. ai Its def-ndcre. Yon returned U vindicated, with Its red ss pare as the blood .vtuch l-owed from the wounds ot your braves: with Us white as pure as the names of Washington j»n«1 Lincoln, and aa nusulllck'as tao robes which float around tne angola aboto; wkh Its blue ■a pure as If cut from the dome above: nnh all her stars as mnch •• God’s stars* as Inme which sparkle In the firmament on hl~h. lour work as soldiers !u the field is don" • there will be jo more rebellions m tb- fnton:! >on gave the better portion of your msn.iiv,. ; upon tee alia? ofyour country, bn* rols that yon gav o Yoor UvS, 1 your t ° a '- r V I 4 ' ri lhng sacrifice Tor lonr Ion 2 T f;~ 1 ! l », a!a ‘L aml * x Pwicnce to you and ihe BNdVp?’ , fcar .y’- 3 « *"?>o worth three score aid ten. ion* . v .,j Mnß n o w ; friends may de sert yon and old comrades die; bat yon will move down tbe *’inlet ” wnika of life with the proud conedcnsccss that yon have a Govemmout, ai.d when ter very life was committed ti yonreare and neeping, as the descendants of her patriot* and her founders. In the hoar ot her trial you proved ooirccrcsiu 10 the trust, Wnsn her en emies iDongLt etc vra* weak, you made Ue atror? When her banner was almojt friend less at Lome and abroad, you became the guarolan spirits of her clor* \on may be disabled aud almost helpless—bat yon can tnnt and point wtu to yoar war paths, and m»t, there, all alone those lines, was onw com rnl.tcd to us the tacrcd deposit of onr natlo-al rbaracicr, the liberties, tbetalih of a fm IntcTlU Cll* chnetlau people, oni It will make run s rong. on may bj; poor Ind almost destitute butt on can torn ana point to these battle-fields ai.d tay, lucre, on lno«e bloody grounds was once committed to ns that sacred inheatanca which Include- all the meat elements of a oeo p.e swclSare, their laws and their religion, and It will make yon rich. Yon may be wanderers over the world, homeless and friendless: yon can tnm anc eay to the world, four loi.g years wetonght for the freedom of onr race; four Ion? yearTwe butered tor th.s same cause for which the tears of octbsemane f- ilaad the groans of Calvary rose* the i,?^ ra / tlK: .'I- llicil La 4 brtn roadß sacred by the 1 2?lLSl ,^f hwy by the hand of death: foorlpcffyearswebled for those ptlnclplea and i vJir 0 4 i. rnmen: ,or wUch oa * Albers, more than a half century ago. proclaimed to an admiring * oli ba»e ceased to be soldier-, bat never *oroct you are Ann rican cmxcns. Yon are the Coß ® tr T- Posterity will so pro "niifJii 5?,*. yoar »MB«w\*»HUy to that country as cilitens wltl c«-ase uotto till yon are called to ucswir to yi*nr names at your quarters in the heauns. ibis Republic ih*oaga her citizens WntaJon. *e lS£a «c 5 art.zed world are strain fixed open her ”sna is the -tar of cations.” She has clven a newlra pulse to the lovers of freedom throughout the * pif-V cV* 1 . 0f leß, P««*to*i Is guided oy the Polar Sta., so they In their stonns of wars and the darkness of snperati’iouand o'-wnS’.T 1 , 1 , 1 . ‘.“L Wl ban,l„her,i'“S o.bwllch shall direct them to a destiny as haaor as onr own—a free people. 7 * p * p ?° 44re *2.V hecW *“ 4 °f a country at peace. 608 her. Fot -IsnhaZ- P** “T 1 '. 15 . w,u neTer again glitter upon her chores •« 1 J?* T cotr S’ * Bd 11148 “«® will come, when as a nation we shall boast of our greatne-a! ?v L ? 1 to man, when oar I councils \t°V. 8 01 *** wisdom, bn: acknowledge not the tight ot Chris Uaul rr when iLaV* profess lai:b in the Bible, Lot obey not Tts orel cep • when degrading and dlsgtudag cllonea of detcasb ff »ea ibalfbold the re or this Goytrcment, then the aogtl who etancs witn “i: 0 lhc other cn the land wiu c jy , M b* ca-t« the stone of her greutn-ea Into l h h» o^,^‘ Uine r ,b ? CT ehnll *>« »<» oore”-2rSe aba.k, driven hr the tempect, or tom by the «S»T "“-S'- mid-ocean, shelnll jre *“«• 4 Piijlugeyeto we-rp her tailor t °„ le ' o,a **«*■ last sunggle, bur methlnka thecpiritcfourveierta dead »ay Mot lime will never cornel! w;e keep tbe old dag to thobreec* as the rainbow In the ikyofoor hope; that time wjj cc»er come If yon will remember that by onr rnm }OQ ow have but one common 01 * l fommoa Interest—ore grand temnle off/oedom— but one altar, around «Scbyou «n all galbtr, atd there stir the fire’s Uffbi, the MfSS 5& *1“ =« for <b. SS? lor Sta? ' -X r t ,q i ect “i 111 . he4rt f Pltu-iila testified the now. erfol effect.of the orator’s words on his b he traced the heroic course of the resident •«!? ptctcred the glorious results to tbe coaster or^s aSKf??” “>'i & .553 ’ 0 Broet Lieutenant Co oncl C. M-Clark former gjKSßjJa.'sasa. rssissss the beanrest encomiums ofhls anrfiSS recehed of mtde o^ °, f S e “fonmnd to famish tne Lleufen !£SSS^tSgS r^S‘S&sS^& General Wan a, wUh Xgjor m m!° u^rS£-.7f* . .. THB BiXQCR. i.a5S. fcl " of uu 2HET &SStaS!ggg: c?* r ‘ u —Mr. Bamhanj, nta, ° "‘ u ‘ •S^SSSS^Sfe!^- mb.-c-S , • Cir- General Oabo-Tie. if*. a.* : o?LD"n^. c “ r;OTTO “ o -* Amw. fi' 6 "' Gcatgt C sS - "* Ct "=“* <* 7te speeches oure all brief. no> n S pt ®owns. fiis y^aSlls.'a Mis* Jsnicn and several other visitor' open tho occasion, but by the beauty and fo-bicn of Bloom ington. The floor managers did their duty admi rably. Everybody was in the rest disposition to be rletic'i, and the bull. a« everything else con nected v l'h the happy occa«loc, went off and was duly recorded as a complete success. ALLEGED LOTXEBY SWINDLING. A Ulan loses Tflirty Thousand Dollars on *• Policy Slip*”—Honorable John Morrlnei and Honorable lien Wood, with Others, Named In the Order of Arrest, Ac. [From the New York Her.ld.] Superior Court —Chambers.' —Before Judne Sforutt.— An order ha* been issued by Justice Monell on the application of Charles ti. Spencer, of counsel, tor the arrest of John Morrissey, John A. Morris, William C. France, Charles 11. Murray, Z. E Simaton«, William L. Simmons, Jaci-b Bauch, David L. Reed. Benjamin Wood, Jacob Blauvdt John McGfce, Antonio Nathan, William Word, William Craft. E. W. Jlulse and Oscar Clark, all of whom the Sheriff Is directed to bail in the sum of 93,000 each. The order of arrest was granted on the affidavit of Nelson B. Odell, a cooper in West Nineteenth street, near Tenth avenue, who deposes that daring the two years last past he has lost the sum of $33,000 at differ ent lottery ard policy shops kept and main tained by the above defendants, of which sum SIO,OOO was Irst at the shop kept by Ja cob Blanvelt at No. 720 Washington street; sl> Ort> in to© simp kept bv John McGee, at is! Seventh avenue; S,OPb at the shops of a. B. Nlcholicn, Nos. PC Vesey street and j Dcy street; SI,OOO at tbe shop of one Na than, ITU Broadwav; SI,OOO at the shop of Wllllan Craft, 57 Whitehall street; ?’.OOJ at the shop of E. W. Hulse, is-v< Greenwich street; and SI,OOO at Nu. 2 Fulton street; sod he charges that the above defendants were Interested in the aforesaid winnings from deponent, lie far ther deposes that the sums so lost b~ him were on policies sold to him by defendants, known as “ lottery policy slips,” purporting to be decided by the drawings of the “ Ken tucky State Lottery” and ’‘Shelby College Lottery, of Kentucky,” which he alleges are “owned, managed, controlled, manipulated and conducted by the first ten deleiulauts” above named. That “ deponent Is informed, and believes and expects to be able to prove, that tho drawings of said Kentucky lotteries, instead of having been lawfully and fairly drawn for the decision of the numbers ofsaid slips, so by him purchased, have been false ly and fraudulently drawn, during the en tire period in which said defendants ob tained, as aforesaid, the $35,000 of this de ponent’s money, or, wl.en rrgulany drawn, nave been falsely and fraudulently sup pressed, and other numbers, which had nut been drawn, fclsely inserted in their pla.*e, with the view of cheating and defrauding this deponent and other pirsons who made similar purchase of slips from tbe defendants aforesaid.” Deponent then describe* In hts atlidat;"* some of Ibo "tricks and devices*’ n-Mirur to by defendants to elfect these I'lL-e a; : ] fraudulent drawings, such as the enmiuv ment of one Lewis Davis to superintend u'.,. drawing in Kentucky, and to telegraph in cipher the result to defendants, whu com pared them with the numbers on the p,ili. v slips sold by them; and If the dr.;wire's "were fonud to Imiict losses dm owners and managers, they wiit'ii'r deliberately, wicked, Cilselv. ai ;j fraudulently changed and altered th- - a ; j numbers so drawn In Kentucky. a ;j j placed them bv other numbers which M t - rc tn acreement with the Interests of such o wn ers end managers.” t Another “trick ard device,” he deposes was to exclude from the observation «>f the drawing all persona not in the Interest of the said owners and managers, and to the rooms where said drawings won- nude with myrmidons and agents of their..wa* that one 01 the parties thus emplo-.vj i.J prevent the intrusion of the public u;’..u it false drawings was John K. Brtuz-, «h-> «.u one occasion, acting under orders <>f jj lk ; owners and managers of the dru*lng. mi*. pended a drawing for the avowed rca>o:i that said drawing should not be witncsM-d bv nay person who was not connected with ..r i>j the interest of said owners and managers. Appended to the allidavit or Nob-on g Odell b an affidavit of one Kelson IVrrij* who deposes that after having bt avy losses in the purchasing of ” policy slips," he was provided on one neca-i.,-. bv one of the managers of the Kentucky lot teries, withakertoa cipher used bv'ilem in transmitting the results of the i:ig bv telegraph, and instructed to go to AlbmV with the understanding that he should be furnished In advance of the drawing with the numbers which were to appear as hav ing been legitimately drawn; that he went to Albany according to in structions and while there received, in ad vance of the time advertised for the draw ing, the numbers, In cipher, that wen.* to .»p pear as having been drawn, and that with this information he purchased policy slip- of John A. Halt, No. 8 Beaver street, an J »>«c Rohocraus, No. li» Exchange place. Alnau> ; that the three numbers purchased by him as aforesaid appeared, duly certified by Uia- Commissioners, as having been drawn, and that be was paid by Roccc.-ans the sum «f SIOO, that being the amount of the risk taken by him, he (Rosccrans) supposing at the time of taking the rlas that the drawing bad not been decided. The ssw Era in (hr Press. (From toe New Yo»k Wci'd, December 11. J If the Time*, Ifcrald ami Tribune would give onediall ao ranch time ami troufdc i.» the col’ectlon of news as thev arc now wag ing upon futile attempts to h’ci'og the public about the real merits of what they a-c pleased to describe a* a “ couteH” between the “Associated Prea»” of New York Citv and the live journalism of the Union, they would not only be more interesting to th“«r naders. but tl» cy wi-uM c ct tliemsctve* into much better trim for the n jw impending re volution in the American Press. In'the of that Inevitubie revolution every newspaper which attempts to live upon ihe nov worn-out system ot the New York As#o elated Press Is destined to ulirppeor. There will he no “conte»i,” fi.r a coulc?t iui* p.les some equality of forces ami some com inoir ground of conflict; and a ncr.inp.T which falls to supply all .'Ac nc»r 3 .if lb-* -lav in a country like this, -imply ceases by sheer inanition, to he a newspaper at’ all. The Associated Press” oi New York City was practically called Into cxUtencc t-t-jriy tgrenty years ago by the energetic and imle- chorta of Mr. Uralg, under whose auspices this new movement has now been organised, which the dotards of the Times. Jierclil and Tribune , are fretting themselves into an important rage to arrest. It lus cocelts work aud has had Us day. Willi the iPio^°n U Ki exte . DSW ? In recent times of the V*?® - n the United States and particularly with the oj-cni»gof tele-wanhic communication between Europe an J America flriin f al ‘ ma . nnc cab,e * new necessities have arlscm. ropes eg upon the press new duties. a? 11 l! ta * to ltjC success of every really leading journal that there should he Urgeraod stronger combinations made for Sdtte? Ta#tor V? fr ‘ ,m wWch news is drawn, a,ld fur rcucbin £ and doing 1 lm^°o t n < fJ? ira K CMurabl y interests to*” Dfi i W en *’ bai determined a?l %. t^n" ri “ rem ', nt »- Tl ><= »"fW. ami UD'on n*i lT “ U T rblll "' Journals of the dctcmlned rccogtlze It, and have al>.i : Th e £w. ' V m f5 l its . "wlrcments. f rue limta, Herald and Tribune "hJFS'z'rS of New H-oft “«“A«oclatcd Press 1 oi the Np«. Bee U—-the conductors ss-w and cleveJ pitta.’ oad t ‘ ii3 i n n .J 1 -?' assassyss 'iAsr ? V 2^ mmM is IlilPKlSi C.lvTo\V?alf he o°rThr p P t S •jSpt iftLlSSSSkliaaSi? £S£ Cb i ,ablißb new* by telegraph • two Sr of th ' p"»iSS™ sj ■ this “ contest ” £ atamJ“ S j m ? Teracn t as . but a revolution! Fo?*thL? -'ll 1 ? oDtC3t * not to be measured-br nnmiL idb ® aI °ns am the great Western T..»«,H. Dmber3 °l°ne. Of mitfed to represent nroflt« 633 than six thousand to over lwn?insj!^ ,ll^ De hundred lam WritSiS each thoa «nd dol •welled themtSSfor Jn™o er^L which has cago TBinirvKßmt the c'hi riercial and GteS? qf s ? clc l uti toon and Democrat to the*?iS£J , f “*• necessarily brings such SmSlB? 1 ?* fl * urt?s ment, the object of into amove nalism of America. whwi^»°J ecp the Jour be. in the '.f rfebt should nwatlve eutefnrise* * be Sfrcat remu snd ability ier^nSea of A »erican Industry be left In Ihl rcir this. The Übrh/ n sf “ movement u with the lro?/“ ' ,ll '' h nct day ; they pnbliihed nll ti.. !!. th ceWB <°- they will publish ail th« e new# yesterday; The" JonmJlsTiSeh du .him. Associated Press” ri n ««♦ themselves “The thle, and will not do ■“.I 1101 ?° contest; here are thi wl Here 13 the only test : and the of the con also Is here to be hm£ J s t? e ot lbe contest be long mlsunderatoodbynone^ lll l ° Atthr ‘ SmFim- Mils Morion p».n. a °* ****** ladles competing, or tb7.*s” I , “« h ' w of AJXrt s. £=£: nine thea-V*i^ rn,o » rode a mile in 228, wla worUi tsao. * )r * ZC ’ a watch and chain, letto i„ a , Bosto!1 UKr . Uir '•TOT “ 7 Artemn » Ward's braltb IbaSpiSS. ibff™ 1 * Um *—«*>!•« wH£'?rr ~~ ed looter Cior ’ tJII Ui * otter bj on abandon* ofllce which mtoi“ aic 4^ alrr * a of the Robes, sn Swrt »2t?2S Wlth itlh = leadership of tae Wellhi'»ton U DOW the Unchess of Wwd of Detrolt «- Ttl A hUlh to foor «hM»ea ol oae time. lotrmiM ,CniJonncr occasion, gore olrth *\* OQ on o s till former occasion present* 2f J2fJ wa *“ d wt,i ptst ° f an start* W with one. ihe pole have been aamed about oovea years.