Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 20, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 20, 1866 Page 2
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Cljlcaga tsTribane. ptrr.T, TRI-TTEEEXT AST) WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 51 CLAKH.-4T. There ore three editions of ihe Tasrxn issued. Ist. Avery moraine. for dicalaUon by 'earners, newsmen and the malls. 2d, The Tax-Wnxxr, Mondays, Wed nesdays and Fridays, tor th* malls only; and the TVcssut, on Thnradays, rot thr malls and sale atom Courier and hr nevimeo. Term* of the Cfaleaco Tribune : pally delivered te the city (per wees): % S 3 44 44 44 44 (per quarter).... 3,33 Pally, to mall subscriber* (per ■pw*r", naya- l>> In advance) 112,00 Trt-Weekly, rper aatnm, payable In advance) U.UO Weekly, (per annum, payab.c in advance) v.OO P" Fractional parte of the year at the tame rates. tF" Fertons remttun* and ordering fire or more copies of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly edlipa* may retain ten percent of the sabscripnoo price ** • commission. Nome* to tirßsccrarzs,—in ordertar me address oi your papon changed, to proves! delay. !»* sure and specify what edition yon take— weekly. Tri-Weekly, or Diilly. Also, gireyoarra»‘S jrT * ni,fatcre XTF~ Money, by Draft. c*p'e*s Money orders, or In E<Cl*tered Letters, oray hrees)! at onr tisk. Address. TICIrtL’NK CD.. Chicago, 111. THURSDAY. DECEMBER 20, 18C8. Tilt: STKA3IBO.VT f!ANAI«H, The Tniw'NE has, on several occasions, advocated the enlargement of the Illinois & Michican Canal, and the improvement of the Illinois River, with a cross canal from LaSalle to the Mississippi at or near Rock island. The cost of these improvements will fall within twelve millions of dollars'; and, as try contribution by the General Government |g out of the question, we have mged their :ocstructlon by the State, and the levy of an li iu al tax of two mills to meet the cost. To ■ahe out million of dollars annually will re p::; c the payment of a tax of less than two certs per acre upon the land now under cultivation in this State. For that tax, lh<;c- will be given to the- people: Etc. niVoat naviaation from Alton to Chicago, frem Reek Island and Dixon to Chicago and Alton. The Ohio and Mississippi rivers, the Mitrouri, the Tennessee, Cumberland and all the lower navigable tributaries of the Missis sippi, will be brought into direct steamboat communication with Illinois. These canals arc to be owned by the State, the tolls to be regulated by law, and merely to cover the cxpen.-e of keeping them in order, and the whole Stale will have the benefit of cheap freights cot only nj-on what its people may him :o sell, hut also, upon all that they may have to buy. IV o publish this morning a very earnest Ivttc * from a crtnllcman at Girard, Macoupin County, in which he remonstrates asrainst bch:~ taxed for the construction of such cabals, which he pronounces to be mere local improvements, and in no wav affording relief 1.) the i<-oplc from oppressive existing mo nopolies. Be sujrctsts that the true remedy is Iy an act of the Legislature, establishing la: X: of freights on the various railroads. If ihc Legislature bad the power to do what our correspondent says tb<;y should do, ILtn ?!:*’rc wi.uld l>c immediate relief in such Ic-i.-ia'.ioa : but that b out of the question. The monopoly has been created, and bow. jvt: powerful the Legislature may be in re. p-v 1 »._• future franchises subject to J.iir control, the existin'? monopolies arc icy r.il ib-.ir reach. We roust lake facts as xe d them. lithe railroad from Chicago Louis enjoys a monopoly, and can St. clijmj .-neb rates as it pleases, the remedy i? r<<i in fitting down and lamenting tUe calamity, but in derising S)inc x»nictical mede of controlling . that monopoly 1 r a competing line. To charter another railroad company, even if one could be organized that would build the road, won't! be no remedy, because by the lime it would l-e completed, the two roads would hart- a combination tariff, making the ino r.oi oly a> oppressive as ever. Tor the Slate to build such a road, and other roads to compete with all the railroad lines, is of course too gigantic a scheme to be thought of. We have the Illinois River which can be made at small expense navigable to Joliet; we have a canal from that point to Chicago. What is proposed is to enlarge that canal so as to continue that steamboat navigation to the lakes. The extension of this canal to Rude Island, with a feeder to Disou, will fur nish dircctwater navigation to the following counties; Lake, Cook, Will, Dupage, Ken- L'all, Grundy, LaSalle, Putnam, Bureau, Henry. Rock Island, Whiteside, Carroll, Jo j L’avios, I’eona, Mercer, Marshall, Wood- ' ford, Tazewell, Fulton, Mason, Schuyler, • Cuss, Brown, Henderson, Hancock, Adams, j I‘ik‘, Morgan, Scott, Greene, Jersey,Calhoun, 1 Madi.-on, St. Clair, Monroe, Randolph, Jack- Eon. Union, Alexander, Puiaski, Massac, 1 Poj e, Hardin, Gallatin, White, Wabash, Lawrence, Crawford, and Clark; or ohc half the whole number of counties and consider ably nunc than one half the population of the Sta' e. With these canals each and every on'* of those counties will have the choice of tw.i:b t at any point tm the Ohio and Mia iisdppi rivers, oral the lake*. The manat Ihmbbli can load a fl'Ct of canal boats, or a steamer, and by ca tering the canal at Keck Island rK' Lave he strikes the Illinois River at the choice of any route. The i< is c pen to Chicago or Pittsburgh, to St. Li . *.r Now Orleans; and instead of being ccnpcilcd to sacrifice his entire crop to pay railroad freights, v ill be able to n/ove his pn ducts, and bring back a return cargo for less money than is now oftcu lost In wailing for vt i sipj ly of cars at shipping points on the railroad*-. The farmers on the WahlsU can thin ship to Chicago and get their return good- for less money than it now costs to have the articles taken to Cairn by’ralL We Lave, however, only mentioned those coumit f, which, having a water front, will have a direct advantage from these canals. Our cxrrcsponden thinks the interior ciu::il.s will Lave no benefit from the:::. Let us see how the construc tion of this canal will affect Macoupin County, and especially Girard. Girard is 21b miles from Chicago, forty-six from Al ton, and seventy-one Irom St. Louis. Girard is rear the northeastern corner of the coun ty, and the farthest station In the county Irom Alton. We will suppose that there ere at Girard a car-load of IS,CK}O pounds of torn, ns much wheat, and five hundred bands of Hour to be shipped. The freights mj tbe:e. according to the tariff of the rail- road, will be: impounds or wheat tn Chicago... $ O.UO t' ,U . ni:-li«*lf» of corn tr> Uhlcsuo SLOQ SCj Lancia ol flour lo Chicago.*... ........ "13 00 Ihe fn-ii-ht on the same lo St. Louis will v.'beat, $50.40; corn, SS'XOO; flour. £370. Total, So' - 0. This f.eight Is delivered at Kurt £t. L«*uU- Now, if the canals were in « prruiien, this grain and flour coulu l e tent by rail to Alton, then loaded ur-.n a tteamiT, and without further c<-uid be seal to New Orleans. Cin cinua'. 1 , Memphis or Chicago, actually deliv ering vbe entire shipment at New Orlcan* for fraction over the price It now costa to move it to Louis, or at’Chicago fora sura p:< porlh nately less than the present rall ivati charges. The shipper of this grain and four could return with the proceeds In procerhhardware, dry goods, furniture, t'cc., to Alien. The difference between the freight* «.n the outgoing and returning shlp iiiiiiis. and the freights now paid on the rail road, \w hid in one year pay the entire tax ll.a* Girard would have to pay for the con strtrciion of the canal. Other points in Ma coupin County, being nearer Alton, would fair even better than Girard, and we have no one-lion that the saving in outgoing and ln coiiiit g weights during one year would more than cover the share of the twelve millions of co’. that would fiJl to the share of Macoupin. V.'l.at we have euid with reference lo that cnrr.ir will apply with equal fores to vari-. t*u- other counties which arc supposed to be* ‘lnterior,” and too remote to be benefited fftkecunal. As when a railway is con tn.vtcd. the various counties on either side, k» matter how remote, soon find a way of carhiag it, so will all the counties eventu- find their wily to these canals. When irrii hi by rail is seventy-five cents per barrel fi>r ficur. and within ten or twelve miles Hi*-*** i* enothep line bj which it can be c:o\cd fir twcuty*firc cents a barrel. It will he indeed if the owners of the floor i<> not \crr speedily find themwans of reach* k>c . !al i.lhi rai:d cheaper route. 1 ’.*; countire lyinp along the Chicago, Al |i<;: .v Hi. Louts Railroad will be benefited in af j *-clal manner by that canal. The-gencr •j 1 route of the Illinois Hirer and the canal fr«•*«i / !‘.vr In Chicago U the same as that of m* 'l he routes mar be said to be par- Tber .ilrond cannot maintain its cr* . tc-, when the canal, running wiih ur i Ui-tancc of It and to the same tcr . ill carry freight fur one-half those Thr flour made at Girard Is fast gain- j<;g ■> <>r in Chicago. Wc do not know how i:v)-I four Is shipped from that point to ( • •»», tut snppos j the number of barrels 1..;- and increasing. Will not the of Girard experience any benefit If iLf> • <n •hip their Hour by way of Alton, s -•. n rough the canal to Poorla, LaSalle, Jci Dixoa.Rocklsland.Qolncy.Dnhnqoe, < j, •; .1 ai d Chicago al rates fifty per cent I - « I.at they now pay by rail ? « t., r. Inmber, slipped by rail from f. to Girard, pay* & freight of $5.50 I<r II KtoaLd feet. A*'lll it make no difler ; .i Girard If that lumber can be sent by - to Alton, and Ocllvered at Girard at g* }•< r thousand fei t? Will It make no fu<c to Girard to have Us dry goods, • . u castings, its r umiturc, 1U forming j • -inmts, hardware, bools and shoes, and i sr ‘ ng. Us gla‘s ware and building matc • •;. «’ircred there at a reduction In freight ri -ty to fifty per c»-nt? Will not Girard * i efited, not only in the saving In freight i. iat the exports, jut also in what she i:*. ; ? \ >- *v canala trill be the property of the »-* . t iiC lolU will be regulated by law, and Trill col exceed the cost of keeping the canaia in order. No railroad running In the same general direction, and within fifty miles of that . canal, can successfully compete with the canal and maintain its op* prcsslve freights. Freight will gravitate to the cheapest line of travel ; acd the railroad will hot be able to command higher rates than can. he had on the canal, including the expense of reaching the latter. It the Alloa & St. Louis Railroad will.deliver freight from Chicago at Girard at the same rates that'it can be transported on the canal, and these rates arc forty or fifty P cr c® n t lets than they would be If there was no canal, will not . Girard bo as directly benefited by the con struction of the latter as If the town was on Its line f There is no such thing as rail road competition now. When two or more roads have the same general direction, they combine upon high rates to he extorted from the public. But these canals will open com petition. They will enable the people of four-filths of the counties of the State to reach market without using the railroads ; it will give them a choice ot routes, and the railroads will have to modify their rates iu order to compete with the canals. The steamboat canal, as we hare said in a previous article, will annually save to t s c pctqde of Illinois la freights a Kirn larger than the entire cost of the work. The ex penditure of twelve millions for that pur pose will add an Immediate Increased value to the farming lands of all parts of the State, nearly if not equal to the cost of the work; and seivirg as a perpetual restraint upon railroad monopoly, they will prove a blessing and re lief as well as a protection from extortion and oppression: We have not said a word upon that other and no less important point—the necessity for additional means of transporting the pro duce not only of this Slate, but of the West, which is to pass over or go around Illinois. Our object was merely to show that the pro jected canals arc not mere local affairs, but works that directly benefit every man in the Stale who bos a dollar’s worth of produce to move to market, or who has occasion to bay the prodacts of others. The tax is Infinites imal when compared with the direct saving of money now paid by the people of the Slate as a bounty to bold and defiant monop olies. nCPTEB’S TfiLEGUAHS. The announcement that Mr. Craig, the New York Agent of the Western Associated Press, has secured the exclusive use of Reu ter’* telegrams, on and after the first of Jan* nary next, is the most important develop* meat made since the war with the Near York monopoly began. It is an additional con* flrmatlon of the fact which we declared, some time eiucftt that Mr. Craig understand; hla business, and that his antagonists do not. Seme time since Mr. Reuter seat an agent (Mr. McLanc) to New York, to soil’ hiir news to the New York Associated Pres'—that i«, to furnish their agent in London a copy of his telegrams from the continent of Europe, aim* ulianeously with the Loudon Journals. If the New York monojK>lUts had had the wit to accept bis proposition (which was for JX.VHO per annum,) their victory In the sab* sequent strangle with the Western Associ* »t (I Press would have been assured. In* deed, it might have proved impracticable to niui.eaay fight against them. But they told Zlr, Reuter’s agent that they would pay him u< Uiiug, They would give him American mws iu exchange for European news, but wf.uld j-ay uobouus foi the use of his tele, grams. Mr. Reuter did not want American news because the London journal? have not got ia the habit of prying Atlantic cable rates for any news except the New York quotations of gold and five-twenty I bonds, which arc as accessible to his agent [ in New York as to anybody else. The New York Associated Press reasoned that nobody I in this country could make any use of Reu ter’s telegrams but themselves, because the possession oi them in London involved the necessity of sending them by the cable. So long as no other organization could make them available, It was no object for them to pay io,ooo per year for them. By waiting twcuty-fuur hours they could clip them out of the London papers for nothing. On the day that the Executive Committee of the Western Associated Press announced their intention to set up fur themselves, Mr. Ciuig, finding that he was backed up by suf. ficient pecuniary strength, went to Reuter’s agent In New York and offered him bis price, £b,COO, for the telegrams from the Continent. Mr. McLanc immediately sent a despatch by the cable to Mr. Reuter, advising him that he bad secured the price named, j and that a gentleman would go out ■ by the nest steamer to close the ■ contract. The New York monopolists in their confusion and amazement over the action of the Western Associated Press had forgotten all about Reuter, and did not recall the tact of his existence until Mr. Craig’s iu* sterner was half way across the ocean. They then commenced telegraphing wildly to Reuter at the rale of two dollars and fif.y cents per word in gold, and scat a special messenger to Loudon, a day after the fair, to make a contract lor the telegram;. The result was shown in the following cable depute!! which we printed yesterday : 44 London, Dcccmbsr IS. 44 Articles of agreement uud ot alliance, oflea* th . and ccf.ntive, acre executed be* ( ACeo the famous heater Scot Company ana the S|>«.ciul Arm of the Cubed States ami European Nt-ws Association of New Yoiu, to go into ctreci . Jonuary lat, JSC7- The Reuter Ne*s Company of London sustain; the same rclauon* la the pre** of Ki.(opens the New York Associatei Press ha; he; cloture sustained to the pre;s of America. “ The New York Associated Press’epccialagont dojatched to Lot-don to secure cxcmsU’c rela tlcns with the Renter Company, fatted to pecan; thr object of his mission, die Rente* Company jai to ally n«elf with the popular News A?.ociauoTj of which Mr. Crate is manager, rather Inan the tj/><e and wonld.be mouopoli.its of the York 44 flag.” Af:sr the Unit of January tne European news o! tlmsE'nUvd Stated and European N* .vt Association " ill be considerably increased iu quantity, and, through the Renter Aucacy of London, the news of Europe, Asia and America vr;’.l appear sJmr.ltaneon*ly in the London /lufa, N. iv fork ir.vrW, the Woten Associated Press aid all other journals belonging to the above As* fcothv.lcn.” Mr. Heutcr's telegrams, as they arc collect ed for the London j»rcss, are unquestionably a ni nopoly. They are, nevertheless, a Jart In journalism. Their use In this country has been secured by the journals of the United Slates, which have declared their Indepen dence of the New York ring. Mr. Craig has given to the Western Associated Press an in strument in writing agreeing to surrender to the journals employing him, all his con tracts, facilities and machinery for the col lection of news, together with his olliec in New York, whenever they shall demand the same, lienee the contract made with Mr. IP -iter is a contract in the interest of the in dependent journals of the United States, and tb reforea smutting blow against the New Yt-»k monopoly. .*403.00 IR-crLLOIU ON Kt*i>Cl2S PAY .Tlfc.NTi*. The President of the Mechanics’ National b. rk of Buffalo, having written a letter to Secretary McCulloch, in regard to the con traction of the currency, received the follow reply: TitcAsrnr Detawmeot, l Wa-MUxotos, December 7, J*6G. | Bran Sip: Your favor of the Ita :in taut la r; eel vert. You 11l receive a copy of my report tlrunubUio Controller of the Currency. It was vc .-y hastily written, but is, 1 think, soaai in doe- What we need I** an increase of labor. Jf«c could have (he productive iadnstry of .he coJi.iry it: full exes else we could return to specie payment* v.i i.out aty very large cmtahaeiil ol United Su~lcb notes. My object has occn to keep the ra. -ket steady, and work hack to t-pscie payments w;Utont a financial collaps*. I eUall act {a the future a? I have in the past, with great caution, atrt attempt no Impracticable thing. 1 am, very truly, yoais, 11. McCnxocn. K. G. Spaulding. Fanners’and .Mechanics’ N-conai Dank. Bat.aio, New York. The Secretary of the Treasury seems to be a mail ol good intentions, .but mistaken pur p< -n. He is as widely wrong In bis plan of “v. orbing back lo specie payments'* as In his other plan of working back to “rehabilita te"'’ of the defunct States. He proposes to re tore specie payments by withdrawing the pi. cr money in circulation, and to restore tl. * defunct Slates by opening the doors of the Union and letting in the bogus, rebel Slate organizations. -In tTic financial ease he would bankrupt the country to carry out a favorite theory, and In the political ease he would return the rebels to power and au thority, to carry ont “my policy” and gratify hi.- master In the White House. The coun try receives Mr. McCulloch’s currency nos- Hums with no more favor than they do his reconstruction scheme. iic Bays, “ What wc need Id an Increase of Ichor.” lie means by this, of course, an In crease of production. But how is an In er ase of labor to be attained by a contrac tion of the currency? Contraction means to draw together, to lessen, tighten, squeeze, pinch. To contract the circulating medium bto make a tight money market, and to cause the banks to pinch borrowers. The rates of interest always advance under a contraction of the currency. Can Mr- Mc- Culloch explain how we can have **an in crease of labor” with a tightening money market ? The thing is contrary to all expe rience and opposed to common sense. Cur rency contraction is necessarily followed by a decrease in the ability of employers to hire labor. With a hilling off in labor comes a reduction of production and a reduction of revenue from internal as well as external taxation. The next thing that fol lows Is, a decline in the wagesol labor. Only a r art of the working men will obtain employ ment at reduced rates, while the others suf* ft r from destitution of the necessaries of life. But os the number of dollars required to pay the interest on the national debt and maintain the machinery of Government re mains the same, tbo pressure of taxation be comes almost insupportable; bat there can be no relief sought in a reduction of taxation, because that would leave the Government without adequate means to defray Us expen ses and meet its obligations. - Why cannot Mr. McCulloch let well cnongb alone? He has just reported to Congress that the revenues of the Govern incut during the past fiscal year amounted U the enormous and unprecedented sum of $- r .3G,039,1U5, of which one hundred and ci; hly millions wore in gold. The same re- p< rl states that he paid oh some fifty or r.i lv millions of debt, and hoarded one hundred and thirty-six millions of coin and • currency; and that the Treasury was hotter ell by $200,000,090 at the end than at the be :lnuiug of the year* At the present time 11 lire arc $100,009,090 of idlo coin lying in Ibe vaults of the Treasury, and the wealth of the United Slates has increased In one year more than two thousand millions. And yet notwithstanding these financial miracles, wrought by our legal tender system of cur rency, Mr. McCulloch insanely insists on de ploying It, and rushing hack to the old sys tem of private hanking with Its accompany ing panics, and teenrring periods of financial collapse. By keeping oar legal tender la cir culation, in full volume, Congress can sately repeal ore hundred millions of internal taxa tion, and insure the commercial and indus trial prosperity of the country ; but by adopt ing McCulloch's policy of contraction, hard limes and low wages for labor. It dare not repeal a dollar of taxes. On the contrary it may become necessary to load on new bur dens In order to meet the obligations of the Government. ■We hope there is wisdom enough in Con gress to arrest the blind, ignorant, suicidal, financial policy of the Secretory of the Trea sury. The right and safe policy to pursue is, to apply evety surplus dollar in the Treasury hi payment of the bonded Indebtedness of the nation. There Is idle gold enough on hand now to purchase and cancel one hundred millions of 7-30 or o 20" bonds. The effect of which operation would he to relieve Ibe country of seven to eight millions of interest annually, strengthen the credit oftbe Government abroad as well as at home, and enable the Secretary of the Treasury to fund the 5-20 and 7-30 bonds into fire per cent thirty year bonds, thereby saving some twenty-live millions a year of interest. It is incomprehensible to us, that Mr. McCul loch cannot see, that the right, the true and sale financial policy to pursue Is, to let the greenbacks alone, and to apply all the sur plus resources of the Treasury in payment ol bonded indebtedness. NRNATOETItPnDUnt ON BECO.Y St RUCTION. Senator Trumbull, on last Tuesday, pre sented to the Senate the petition of the loyal citizens of Louisiana, asking Congress to set aside the Government existing in Dial State, and to establish in its stead one Republican in form. In presenting the petition, the Si imtor took occasion to give his views on reconstruction, in a speech which will arrest the attention of the country, not only because of the importance of the topics . discussed, hut because of the reputation of the orator as a cautious ard sound statesman, who never speaks or acts hastily. Mr. Trumbull denied the right of the President to attempt the restoration of the Southern States through Provisional Governors, or to take any steps In reorganiz ing governments unle.Vs in pursuance of some Jaw previously passed by Congress. The present organizations, he declared, had failed to answer the purpose for which they were cs-ssbJjriud; and lie assorted the power aud duly of Congress to set them aside. I' for congratulation that the dls t!:-cui»bed Senator -from Illinois has so promptly and boldly taken ground on this question. Ills powerful advocacy of the authority of Congress over the whole sab* jeel of reconstruction, and Us duly to exer else that power in such a manner as to secure loyal Governments in the South, will do much to assure the country that the question of reconstruction will Le speedily, perma nently .:*id satisfactorily settled. There is, ptr’-.'ps, ;.o other member of the Senate wu<*.c vi;?w« on the subject would command such gev'ial attention and respect. A lawyer of great ability and a statesman of great experience, Judge Trumbull, is not a man to commit himself to a measure of doubtful legality or expediency. This 6] ec-ch will do much to convince those who were hesitating, that the only solution of the reconstruction problem, Is for Congress to begin and carry through the work in accord ance with tnc wishes and views of the loyal masses of the nation. OPI'OSIAU Till-: U AK, A story is floating around the Slate, with out any certain parentage, to t£e elfeet that a new Democratic daily newspaper is to be started in Chicago soon, and that the snm of $250,000 has been subscribed tbr the purpose. It is reported that the Democratic State Central Committee have had the subject un der consideration, and have endorsed it. The project contemplates & regular, old fash ioned, pro-slavery Copperhead organ, whoso lifc-giv-ng principle it shall be to oppose the tear. What the country wants at the present lime is more Jlfpubhcan newspapers. The marc it has of those the better. It does not want any more Copperhead organs. The Chicago Times opposed the war until it was over. It then gradually ceased its opposi tion. A large portion of the Democratic p.-rlvote naturally exasperated at the turn which the Timrn has taken, and they want a newspaper which will fight It out on that lire! l-’or two hundred and fifty thousand dollars they could probably publish a daily newspaper eighteen months, at the end of which time they would want about a quarter ol a million more. The stockholders in the ctlcrprisc would undoubtedly consider their money well invested in “putting a stop to this Infernal war.*’ We advise them to go ahead. Paper U cheap; Mr. Hoc Is selling Ins pjwcr p:e.-ccs at a heavy reduction from old prices, and printers are working for little or nothing. Moreover, the Legislature is about to meet, and a charter for the enterprise could be .obtained. The country does not really want at y more Copperhead organs, but the amount of money seeking investment in daily news papers is so great, and the facilities for spending It are so abundant, that the Demo ciatic State Central Committee should lose nn time in starting their paper, and employ ing Mr. Nasby to edit it for them. A TRKAStUT KAtD. In November last Secretary McCulloch suddenly withdrew from circulation eighteen miUons of greenbacks,,, which he was per mitted to do, by an act of Congress, very unwisely passed last April. The effect of that con* t *ara’ively small contraction was to produce a panic in the financial centres of the country, and to cause a stringency in the money market that was considerably felt from one end of the country to the other. That contraction has cost the Government a jo?s of more than five millions of income from internal taxation, in consequence of the injurious effect it had on manufacturing in dustry and commercial operation?. A per sistence in the same line of contraction folly will cut the revenue* of the Government to pieces nud visit wide-spread disaster on the business of the country. If Mr. McCulloch had taken the eighteen million* of greenbacks and purchased seven teen millions of 7-30 bonds therewith and stopped £1,3-11,000 of interest thereon, he would Lave done the Government and tax- payers a great benefit by improving the credit of the one and lightening the burdens of the other. But instead of spending the money In the treasury, la this useful and sen sible manner, he employed it in making a raid on the business of the country, and in seeing bow much mischief he could produce ny suddenly withdrawing from circulation and burning up 515,000.000 of greenbacks. BISTOUI. The official announcement published Incur columns yesterday that IhcKistorl Dramatic Company will visit Chicago for one week, commencing January 21st. has created a sen sation among the lovers of the highest type of dramatic art. It Is to be regretted that so short a season is allotted to us for so su perb an entertainment. Madame Bister! is not only without a rival on the stage at the present lime, bat in a certain range of char acters has never bad a rival. If Rachel was the Mu«c of tragedy, Ristori is the perfec tion of womanhood. Her coming to Chica go will mark an epoch la our artistic annals. We advise those who expect to sec her to make themselves familiar with her plays. As she speaks only Italian, a previous ac quaintance with her characters will be a very material aid to a proper appreciation of her matchless delineations. ZST Mr. Roberts, the Fenian President, h;is written to Colonel Lynch: “Inject to tell you that I do not believe yon arc to he harped.’* He believrfs that Colonel Lynch's execution would result in the conquest of Canada by the Irish. This is carrying pa. trlotlem to an excess which Colonel Lynch will scarcely appreciate. £s?* The Mound Table makes this good point: “The rebels, just when their cause was caving 10, proposed to arm the negroes; the Democrats, now that they are m the very death struggle, propose to give the negro the ballot. The negro did not save the rebels, and he will not save the Democratic party.” A meeting of the Board of Commissioners bavins charge of the Gettysburg .National Ceme tery, was held at the Continental Uotrl is Phila delphia on Wednesday last. Thirteen of the eighteen loyal States were represented by proper commissioner*. The Committee on the Reynolds Monument Fund reported that they had decided upon placing U'C statue of General Reynold* in the cemetery, instead of over the spot where he fell, as had been proposed. The monument for the cemetery, de.-lgicd by J. G. Batlcrson, of Hartford, will be completed on the Ist of July, ISCS, atacostof fI9,(XX). An Intimation was re* cclvedfiotn the committee of a Frcedmen’s bin coin Monument Association that they desired to place a bronze statue of Mr. IJhcotn In the cemetery. The proposition has not yet been re ceived In an official form. The Ijandon compositors decline lo join In ihe trades demonstration in fivor of reform. TBcyrsy that their society was established for t*ade purposes only, ond Ihey object to the em ployment of its machinery for political objects. EUROPE. Onr London Letter. Ttio Pupal (|uc"tto*— KnglUli Slate*- men in Ikomo—Tlao Preueli Kmpreu Not Coins to*Romo—umlnons Slant in Part*—French Society—The Great Itamern and she p.xponltlon—Penlan iMn and Mieplicna—riie Atlantic Tele graph and Dudley Field’s Narrative— l*rlzo Plctstcr* In Parliament—Z>oath oi' Arkwright. [Cortcrpoudence of the Chicago Tribune.] Lohoov. Decomber 1. Until within a very recent period I always considered that the Athenian who condemned Aristides, because be was tired qf hearing him perpetually called the Just, to be a very But 1 now see the ex- :ad citizen and man. -ciisc, if not the justification, of bis verdict. I believe there Is no man so hostile to Popery as not to admit the excellent perso nal qualities of Pins IX. But notwithstand ing bis amiable and excellent character there Is such an incessant speculation carried on os to what he will do—where be will remove to—what will be the consequence of bis re- maining at Rome—and what will happen if ho leaves it—that I can well understand why the old Athenian preferred a harsh sen* lencc to the perpetual gabble of his follow- citizens. 1 feel in precisely a similar condl tlonof mind. Lot me take up any journal, go Into any political or religious society, the subject of discussion is the Pope, the Papacy, the future of Roman Catholicism aud of religion in general. Happily wo have arrived within a fortnight of the day when at least the decision of Pius IX. will he known, and then it Is.to be honed that onr publicists and politician* will find some more serious matter for reflection. Earl Clarendon, Mr. Gladstone and Eirl Hassell are at present in the Eternal City, but what they are doing there, or whether they are doing anything more than enjoying the recess which the advent of Earl Derby to power created for them, I do not kno.w. But this 1 do know, that their simultaneous pre sence in Rome has caused some uneasiness amongst the Italians. I can state, from in formation derived from Rome, that the Ro man Liberals augur no good from their pre sence in the capital. They say that this is not the pleasantest period of the • year for a residence in Rome, and they suspect that the English statesmen arc endeavoring to effect a compromise which may be agreeable to His Holiness. They naturally feel jeal ous of any “ foreign intervention,” and con sider that they arc competent to arrange the Roman question without the interference ot strangers. There was an idea that the Empress of the French was to pay a visit to the Pope in the coming week. She was to have gene accompanied with tbe pomp of France at the moment when tbe power of France was withdrawn. Tbo Emperor bad yielded to ber anxious and earnest solic itations on Ibis point, but be has thought bet- | ter of It, and bus withdrawn bis consent. No possible good could come of her visit, and it > may give rise to serious complications. How ever, as Louts Napoleon is not so steady of purpose as he was at one time, petticoat in' tiuence may still prevail. Poor man, he has oi.oi.eh on bis bands at the present moment, lie and bis marshals arc in constant deliber ate n as to tbe best means of .increasing the military strength of Franco—not, of course, with any intent of disturbing; the peace of Europe, but In order to be prepared “forany eviiitualitles that may arise.” The star io vtbich be trusted may after all turn those falling stirs i had such a run be like t we have out to of which lately* There arc some ominous signs abroad. The Due dc Persigny had a long in terview with him at CoinpcTgnc, and with the m-rcscrvc that might be expected from an old friend in misfortune and exile, told him that his ministers kept concealed from him the real state oftLe Empire. *• You exaggerate, my dear Persigny,” was the only reply. Tbe Cirilta OiUoiica recently published an article headed “The Fall of the First and Second Empires,” and amongst .the coming signs of the Second Empire it eou rocratts these: “ Yon withdrew from Poland out of fear of Russia; from Germany obi of tear oft he needle guns; from Mexico oat of fear of the United Slates: from Rome out of fear ofbrslnl and Muzziniand it winds up with saying “you are lost.” Is not this strange language, coming from the organ of that party In the Homan Catholic Church which chaunted Te Denmn for the French Emperor as the saviour of society and the restorer oX the Church? Tbe Paris students 100 ore restive, and there has been a talk of closing the famous Polj'technic School and fending the pupils home. The utter mad' nets of the Empress Charlotte and the crown less state of her derelict husband, the Empe ror of Mexico, cannot add to the compla cency of Napoleon 111. Indeed, it Is very wcllif they do not revive the memories of 1851, 1853, ‘and subsequent years, and form part of that visionary canvas which drove Itlcbard the Third into horriJ madness the night before the battle of Boswortb Field. lias French society become better durlntr the reign of IU saviour? Let Louis Vcullot be the judge. Here arc a few extracts from his recently published book, Let OJeura d* J y ari*. Speaking of theatrical exhibitions be writes: “Whs' is dreadfully shocking Is the means used to cltruct tie i-athr. Tbo bait is a naked woman. 1 do not speak of the horror of the soul at tuth a s*"bt. bm simply of the horror of the eye. The spectacle Is more awful than nmuannerlv. The ctelceß*et cxbibilcd on the stage not only have lu>iiid ugly faces, but their figures arc atiocbmsly dclojrucd; some arc bow-legred, others crooked, ai d every one of thorn Is imimdcit and clumpy, rot ki.owli g how to walk or how to stand. OE, dreadful deformations ol the moulting crane/' llvreiso portrait of the most celebrated chronicler of the Paris press: "Farcy vou are >n the drawing-room of ft pro vincial ccttcss beginning to decline—a smoking Icn-.p, stained silks and tinsels scaUcrcd upon the dingy furniture, twenty rancid cos metic?—there is the reentry Thu lady dresses l-cnclf while speaking with bur friends; she d'-ts and paints: she Flufls herself; she hangs p.ossy bale upon bur scanty greasy curls; she plants teeth into her gums; she cries at every giay hair lot on her como; she laughs; she drinks brandy; she mends her coart mantle: she isnatcs her past victories; she is ready. Ike cunsio rbca; she plays Oilmen*. Do yon not feel dismayed, dbjusted, p erilled? Do yon not run away to avoid that breath, that paint, that hoarseness 1 But there you bare an idea of tbo chroulcior.” The Galilean Bishop of Orleans, M. Du panlotip. tins n volume announced entitled La Morale tie la France, in which tbo por trait of French manters will be drawn in less coarse colors than those used by the ultramontane layman: but the point of view, the disposition and tho perspective, will be of the same character. The chattering: of the Great Eastern for the conveyance of passengers from America to visit the Universal Exhibition of next year will afford many Americans on oppor tunity of judging for themselves of the accuracy "of these descriptions. The prospectus of the company which has taken up the Great Eastern Hates that the vessel had been hired for ~ £12,000 for twelve months, being: at the rate of £I,OOO per month. She is to be navigated at the expense of the freighters, and her pos sible loss to be covered by an Insurance to the amount of £140,000. She is to be fitted up for the conveyance©! 3,000 passengers and 2.000 tons of merchandise, and to have two new boilers. Mr. G. Forrester <fc Co., of Liverpool, have taken the contract for this purpose.fttid arc bound to have the ship ready by the .*»tb of March. On the 20lh of March she will sail direct from Liverpool to New York, returning early lu April with the first Latch of visitors either to Brest or Cher bourg. It i? calculated that the passage will be made in nine days. The company starts with a capital of £*loo,ooo, and It Is expected that the tfrst payment of £lO per share, with the amount of passengers fares, will cover the working expenses. With a view to meet stuy contingency arising from delays occa sumed by mishaps at sea, the receipts oi the first three voyages arc to be assured to the amount of £20,(W0 each voyage. 31. .1. DcsDceher, of Nantes, the originator of the undertaking, has taken possession of the ve.-sul, and 000 men are already engaged In making the necessary alterations. The advantages held out to the shareholders are the return of the capital with twenty per cent interest and a bonus of half the profits above that amount. The vessel will be navi gated by Sir 3. Anderson, and as an *nduce tncul to Americans, low fares and tuebest ol uccomraodatiftn arc promised. It is cstt -1 muted that 20,000 Americans may come to Europe in her. If Stephens had not bound himself by an Irreversible promise to be in Ireland before, ti e close of the present year, he might have made use of the Great Eastern as a means of bringing 3,000 Fenians at once to Ireland.' But, judging by the precautions which have been all ut once adopted by the Government, he must be already very near, ii not actually in the Green Isle. Horse, foot and artillery, nr.d Snider rides have been forwarded to Ire-, land In abnndsncc since 1 last wrote, and the, British licet Is cruising round the coiAt. 'j here must be, by this time, a force <f over SO.OuO men, troops and police,, lu the “bister” Island, and more, are ordered to the other side of the' Channel. Now, that the danger “ seems” to be near, the press ot this country has cast away all restraint. There is not a journal in. England which docs not urge the short and ready way of dealing with the revolt. This b, perhaps, lair enough. But the Timet and the Saturday Jierirtt', always first in the advo- i c-acv of crncltv. threaten the unfortunate Irish with the'fate of the Indian mutineers mid the Jamaica blacks. Any of these jour : als would, for a purpose, be the first to say of Russians, ‘ 4 Scratch the skin of a Russian and you will find the Tartar under it.” It seems to roc that this may be said of other people who profess to be the lights of hu manity and types of generosity. 1 recollect Lord Stanley, when Minister for India, re fused to defend the conduct of “ one lone Christian” In the Funjaub who had nearly £OO gepovs shot in cold blood and asked for a veil of silence to be drawn over the affair. And another Englishman will soon be under prosecution for his murders In Jamaica. But still the Times claims for England the acknowledgment that she knows at least bow to stamp ont rebellion, viz.: by dealing with it assbe dealt with the cattle plague, and the Saturday -Jler'uteer says that the examples of India and Jamaica prove that England “acting” Is a very differ ent thing from England “looking at” rebel lion. The meaning of tills Is clear, and Irish men intending to invade Ireland should know what they hove to expect. . Everybody here who takes an Interest in the Atlantic Telegraph scheme has been ! much pleased witbilr.Dndley Field's oarra- j tive. its literary merits are considered to be very great, and it shows a readiness to ac knowledge the services of others, which has been appreciated by those on this side of the ocean who have been associated with him In the great work. The passage In which ho speaks of England has lonnd a ready re sponse In every English heart, and it John Bull, after ringing at the bell-pull In Valcn tia. could wake his appearance at the United Slates door of New York, I am confident be would leave a friendly card at the house of Brother Jonathan. I do not know whether Mr. Field's narrative is tho one that will ultimately descend to posterity, but U certainly deserves that hon or more than Mr. Deane's colorless account. We arc looking out for the President's cues -1 sage with great interest. The election of Morrissey has given much satisfaction here • to those persons who wish to sec everything - In the most unfavorable light when republi can Institutions can be damaged thereby. Bet the fact of a successful prize fighter be* Inem&doa Member of Parliament not a novelty that has been witnessed lor the first time in the United States. We have had a prize fighter returned in this country to two successive Parliaments In the person of Mr. John Gully. lie was, after one of the blood, lest fights, oven in the records of the prize ring, offered tho champion’s belt, bat bo do* eJuud it. He gradually rose from the dc grading position of a professed pugilist to be a representative for Pontefract, and a member of the Reform Club. Ho married a Roman Catholic lady* and died respected In I&TS. If John Morrissey wishes, as be says, to transmit a more honored name to his de scendants he cannot do better than read the lifs and imitate the conduct of John Gully. The Mr. Arkwright whose death I men tioned in a previous letter, was the grandson of the celebrated Sir Richard Arkwright, the famous barber, who, through bis Invention In cotton spinning machinery, realized an Im mense fortune. Besides bis personalty of £ BOO,OOO, he has left large landed and other Sroperty. The old mill at Cromford. near [attack, with the Castle of Wlllersby, which is attached thereto, he has bequeathed as sn heirloom, which Is to descend from heir to heir, os long as the English law of entail shall exist. - The Arkwrights are not the only family who have been enriched by the old Cromtord Mill, for the Strutts, of Derby, who were associated with them in the manufacture of cotton in the early days of its wonderful expansion, have also been enriched and ennobled—the present Uenry Strutt having been raised to the peerage by Earl Russell under the title of Lord Helper. All the preparations have been made, and the programme published of the grest Re form demonstration on Monday next. There arc letters expressive of alarm In the jour nals of this morning, but I have no appre hensions of violence or plunder. Yon will, no doubt, learn the result by telegraph. A letter of Mr. Bright's has been publish-* cd, which has frightened many persons even amongst the Liberal party. Here is its sub*; stance: “The Irish land-owners feel they can rely on English force to sustain them. If Ireland were 1,000 miles away from us all would be at once changed. Justice would bo done or the landlords would be exterminated by the vengeance of the people.” This is strong, and the case of Gordon Is again re ferred to by the Tories as a warning to ilr. Bright. A TRIP THROUGH THB SOUTH. Life in East Tennessee. A. JobuftOD’s T&Uor Shop—Earls' Hl»* tory or East TenneMce —Bernini** cence«i or Daniel Boone—Noll and Cli mate—A Native—Greenville—A Rem- Inifteeneeomoreaa-XU»n>rr Correct* ed—How morgan wan Captured—A royal Black Woman. lCoitt3pondci.ee ol the Chicago Tribune.) KrizAnrTHTorry. East Tncsts^cz,} December 12, i&V*. f I write from tbe extreme southeastern tomcr of Tennessee, on the border of North Carolina, high up among the Cumberland Meuntaina. It is a splendid climate up here—an altitude equal to St. Paul, with an atmosphere as pure, but much more mild. This is the town where Andy Johnson made bis advent In Tennessee, (where he came from nobody knows and few care when) a bare* footed boy of sixteen, unable to read or write, and without money or employment. Prom here be went to Jonesboro, Washing’ ton County, where he learned bis trade, thence he found his way to Greenville, Green County, where he opened a tailor’s tltop, and where now over the shop door may be seen bis old weather-faded sign, “A. Johnson, Tailor”— where Le now retains his residence, and where if be had remained in person and grown rich on “cabbage” be would bavebeeu much less a criminal and altogether more useful and respected by bis ictlow men than he has been while ‘‘swinging round tbe circle” of political demagocuism, treachery and trea son. Yet it is still true that A. J. has some friends left among tbe descendants of tbe Saud-hlllcrs in East Tennessee, but It was a terrible mistake of his Acciduncy when he took it for granted that tbe United States was only an enlarged Tennessee, and that tbe Republican party is composed of tbe de ccndants of Sand-billers. East Tennessee has been settled ninety seven years. The early settlers were poor whites from North Carolina,who sought lu the wilderness, immunity from tbe crushing in fluences of slavery. Daniel Boone led the way in ITTI. and did not stop until he reached wbat is now called Bonneville, Kentucky, where he took up bis residence. In Wash lugtou County, on Boone Creek, twenty miles northeast of Jonesboro, is an ancient Lurch tree, on which is the following inscription, cut in the bark by Daniel Boone, when on his way to Kentucky: ‘•l77l—D. Boon killed a bar.” Notwithstanding this country has been set tled nearly a century and is rich in natural resources, it has not readied a quarter of a century of progress. There "Western States not twenty years old, far ahead of East Tennessee. Tbe climate and soil arc unsurpassed— and there is abundance of timber of all kinds, including yellow pine, chestnut, cedar, oak, wbilewood, «xc. There is an abundance of splendid blue limestone and marble—any amount of cheaply available water power, which never freezes up in winter, aod clay fur the best brick in the world, I saw brick houses more than flfty years old, the brick of which, even at the surface of the ground, were not a particle crumbled or dissolved by the dampness and frosts. Fruits ot all kinds—apples, peaches, pears, cherries 'plums, grapes,blackberries, raspberries, &c., grow almost spontaneously uud in tbe great est abundance, in spite of man or beast, for It can hardly be soul with the co operation of either. An old mau living in a dilapidated log house, with scarcely clothing enough on to cover his nakedneig, who had been burn w here be lived and where 1 saw him, who was literally “fixed to one spot,” where he bud merely “vegetated” for fifty-eight years, and where he w ill most assuredly “rot,” said to me that he could have gathered a hundred bushels ol blackberries any season during the last twenty-five, which grew' wild in the comers of the fields and on the hill sides. I informed him to his great astonishment, that diied blackberries bad uot sold for less than forty cents per pound wholesale, in Chicago, in five years, wnen he inquired where Chi cago was, and how people got there? Yet this man was better informed than the aver- age of East Tennesseans. Thousands of bushels of the finest peaches, described to me as being as large as a small tea cap. rot* tod on the ground last August, which could hate been dried or canned, and sold for ex* travaganl prices, bnt for want of a little In* tcltigvncc and enterprise in the people. There is scarcely any manufacturing here except of flour, and only enough of that for home consumption, except what Is done by band and in the most primitive manner. Vet, nowhere in the world arc there greater facilities lor manufacturing purposes—iron, rinc and coal arc found here in great quanti ties, and probably raauy other minerals. From wbat I bare seen, I think I had rather live in East Tennessee, with Northern i-cople, than in any other locality with which I am-acquainted, but tfiV**thrce fold barbar ism” has left its curse and blight so deep and withering that no Northern man will he con* tent to lire here and bring up his children for at least a generation to come. Greenville is celebrated for being the town where the notorious John Morgan was killed, as well as for being the home of Andy John son—the two worst men, probably, the coun try has produced. Several items have crept into the history of Morgan’s discovery and death, which are untrue, and as you arc oc casionally pointing out Inaccuracies of his tory, let me here state what are the facts la this ease. On the night on which Morgan met his death, he was stopping at the house cl Mrs. Vkilliamar'ln Greenville. General Gillem’s brigade was encamped at Bull's Gap. seventeen miles distant. It has been written and published throughout the United States that Mrs. Williams mounted a horse and rode to General Gillcm’s camp, and reported to him the whereabouts of Morgan. This is not true. Mrs. W. was a rebel, so well known and above sus picion, that Morgan sought her house as a place of safety. On the night in question, however, Mrs.’Williams was three miles oat of town, and knew nothing of Morgan’s be ing at her house, or of bis death, until tea o’clock, nest day. The fact* arc as follows: A ccgro bo>, about twelve years old, sou of a negro woman bv the name of Mary Kean, was captured by Morgan’s party as they were entering town, and lest the boy might give information to some Union men, he was held la custody several hours, but was finally re leased. and went straight to his mother and reported what he hau seen and heard, and thereupon block, loyal 2fn. Jfary Kean, and net rebel, white Mrs. Williams, mounted a horse and* rode seventeen miles to inform General Gillcm. Let history see to it that v bite rebels do not steal honors belonging to •black loyalists. ‘ I find no evidence anywhere In the South that the late rebels contemplate another re hellion. On the other hind they seem thoroughly whipped and cowed, but unre pentant and uncDuvinccd, and incapable of conviction or repentance. The South might le reconstructed and redeemed in a few years and the rebel spirit entirely smothered and destroyed, if it were cot for this incapacity tu learn, and for the absence of certain ele ments absolutely essential to progress, to wit: a disposition and ability to labor or en gage in useful enterprises, on the part of the mure Intelligent whites who were before the war, and Indeed most still continue lobe, the leading and mUngClasa. Thousands npon thousands of young men who belonged to wealthy families before the war and expected to Inherit wealth, but who are now beggars, think it a disgrace to work still, and moreover, have neither the mental or physical ability to work, and therefore do nothing but loaf about, taking, on the airs of more prosperous days, drinking whiskey, chewing tobacco, cursing Yankees, shooting niggers, gambling and stealing as opportu nity offers or necessity requires. \ cry few. of this numerous and once Influential class, have sufficient energy or sell-respect to set themselves to doing anything useful. They know how to ride a horse, use a gun and pistol, and this U about all. Those who have remained wealthy will not work, and still look upon all manual labor as a disgrace. The poor whites, on the other band, have always lived from hand to mouth, and arc incapable of much progress, while the negroes are still the servile mass, with limited ability, and little opportunity or encouragement to rise. Such is the present condition of the sooth. But, with free, Intelligent labor and North ern enterprise, how rapidly would the South become the garden of the world, teeming with the fruits of the earth aud the manllold products of industry, and the abode of a high civilization and culture, instead of a desert, as ll is, Inhabited by wretched semi-barba rians. A. J. G. Fashions and Fashionable Life in Pfciis* I Pails correspondence (November SO) of the Phila delphia North American.] Many American families who have coma over this autumn, thlnkleg that by settling down now they would obtain boose accommo dations for the coming exhibition on advan tageous terras, arc unfortunately de ceived, by finding that from that fa tal first of April no previous engagements will stand good, and frvoh terms, proportionately high with the demand for them, will be submitted to. A well-known citizen of tbo United Slates, who las been fur month* domiciled at tbo Grand Hotel, and fully expected to be able to retain bis present «nfto or rooms, etc., told me a few dajs ago that on endeavoring to make arrangements for that purpose, tie was quietly Intormed that all prices would bo raised fivt-and-tvrenty per cent, from the end vl Match. * f Meanwhile tbo works bf tbo great Indus- 1 trial palace ore progressing rapidly. Tuo I building is completed, and there now re mains the arrangement of the interior, which belongs to the different countries to whom tbc Commission has allotted spaces and lo calities. A notice in the official Journal, the HonUcur, a few days ago, infurme'd those per sons intending to exhibit (hat the spaces re served f« r them were ready, and called upon them to begin tbeir preparations, eiihor per sonally or thorough delegates appointed by the Commission. Great anxiety has been cxpcrinccd and much curiosity excited during the past sum mer on the score of tbc Emperors health. On such a subject It is very diflicaU to arrive at anything like authentic information, which most be sought for from disinterested lookers-on, rather than from the reports of journals more or less Interested by party reelings and views. I believe it caunot be doubted that tho Emperor was very serious ly ill, both at Vichy and on his return from that place. Even at Biarritz be was weak aud depressed, and acknowledged himself to be so. Since bis return, however, he appears to have been gradually regaining strength and resuming many or his habits, shooting occasionally, both in tbc preserves of St. Cloud and Kambouiitet, and driving about inspecting, as Is Ills wont, tbc progress of the numerous works going on all over the metropolis. A brilliant review likewise took place ten days ago, In the BoU de Boulogne, under his inspection, when Uls Majesty, who has not been riding for some time past, < . mounted bis favorite chestnut charger, and j remained some three hours on horseback. The Empress, in a tight oiling riding cos tume of the shade called bleu da ro!, got on horseback, and with the Prince Imperial on his pony, witnessed the defile of the troops. Kow the whole ot the Imperial family have removed to Complegne, where the guests be longing to the first series of invitations Is sued out have already arrived at the Chat eau. The second series arc expected next week, but It is uncertain whether more will be Invited afterwards. The period of the Court’s residence is spoken of as likely to continue over a month more, when prepa rations will be made for the receptions of New i’ear’s day. The Italian opera has opened, with Patti as prima donna, about a fortnight. The little syren continues os great a favorite as ever, and is In very fine voice. Without losing any of its freshness, the timbre has ac quired much strength, and she is as lively and graceful as usual. Her chief defect, X should sav, is the want of that tenderness which she should throw in her more serious parts. The grand opera gave the signal two of three nights ago for a great display of dia monds aud paruret, as well as of neck and fhonlders upon which to show them oIT. A new ballet called ‘'LaSot&ee,” was brought out, and the house was most brilliantly filled to witness this nouvenute of which theacencry aud decorations are charming, the dancing I good, but tbc subject most uninteresting and common p'ace. To give an idea of the . toilettes, olspliyed there—every one in the first tier of boxes appeared In fall dress— would he a rctumc of the modes of the present moment, which combine those of several periods, and arc of the most fantastic descrip tion. Empire head-dresses, with small curls over the forehead, Grecian and classically ar ranged waving bands of hair, powdered heads a la Dubarry, Marie Stuart coiffures, and other incongruous fashions were all to be seen in juxtaposition; many were charm

ing and becoming, while others were equally the contrary, but overall aud everywhere, gems and jewels sparkling In such abundance as* to make one doubt whether U would not become a matter of good taste to avoid what was evidently becoming so common! One thtafrical celebrity, occapyinga promi nent box near the stage, was particularly re maikable for this display of brilliant gems, and was pointed out os one of the lucky win ners of the Bsdcn tapit vert, from which she carried away 125,000 francs or S2S,(XX), which had evidently been invested in a magnificent pa rare of rubles and diamonds- A great rcvolntion is spoken of iu tbc fashions of next winter. No crinolines, large bonnets short dresses, arc some or tuc measures of this proclaimed coup <T etatl At prcefnt, there are stl’l crinolines to be seen, but they arc of the most modest dimensions; there are short dresses In the streets, but there are sweeping trains In saloons. As to bonnets—there arc bonnets !—-and that is all that can be said of the smallest objects that ever have poised on the top of the largest fiossihlc chignons! To replace these by arae, advancing—fronted bonnets seems an impossible attempt—but from that very reason, ft will doubtless be attempted. Mean while there is one good derivable from the mosses of hair and coils attached to the hu man female’s head, under the Imperceptible hats of the day; that is to prevent the inevi table colds and rheumatic pains to which they must otherwise be liable during the inclemencies of the winter season. I hope Id my next letter to be able to give you more full details of the coming as well as present style of toilettes. DISASTROUS FIRE. Destruction of the Iron-elad “Sew Ironsides.” TDEAESSELACOnPLEIE LOSS. (From tbe Philadelphia Press, December 17.] At tcu minutes past twelve o’clock, Satur day midnight, a messenger or watchman of the iron-clad licet at League Island, arrived at the bouse of tbe SUUUer Steam Euginc and Hose Company, and lodged information that tic “ Kew Ironsides” was on fire and likely to be destroyed. The apparatus of tbc company was taken to tbe scene at once, and tbc messenger proceeded to tbe navy void, where be gave the same Information. Jty some means or other unexplained, tbc alum was not communicated by telegraph to the Central Station until quarter before dgbt o’clock yesterday morning. ' Tbc scene at tbe navy yard was comraen, dablc and thrilling. The marines were beat to quarters, and forty of tUsm, with tbc messenger, embarked on board tbe steam tug Pilgrim, steam having been generated in haste on this fine vessel. In the short space of fifty-three minutes from tbc time tbc information of tbe progressing disaster was lodged at tbe yard the' Pilgrim bad ar rived, and from tier steam-pump tbe water was thrown in great profusion on board the Jron-idcs. All the hatches were down, the only pre caution that could he resorted to to prevent the flames getting vent, and thus quickly spreading. Tina was absolutely necessary, of course, and, though the Are was increas ing, yet no light was made for several hours. The Shifller steamer arrived before the “Pilgrim, 1 ” and, In order to obtain a supply of water, the apparatus was taken across the island and run out on the pier, there be ing not more than three or four inches mar gin for the wheels. This was a dangerous experiment, and from which some idea may be formed of the excitement attending the scene, and the great anxiety of the firemen to save the property of the Government. Some of these very men had done good ser vice In the Ul-fa’cd vessel In several naval engagements In which she took part during thciebcUion. THE SITUATION* OF THE VESSELS. The monitors arc located in the inside chan nel, west of the bridge that connects the Island with the main land. On the river side of the Island Is a long pier, bnllt on a line with Broad street. At the end of this pier the New Ironsides was moored, with her head or bow down the river. To the starboard of this steamer, on the bow end, was moored the doublc turrcted Iron-clad Dictator, and bctwi-cn tbe last named vessel and the island the United States sloop-of-war St. Louis, a wooden vessel, was stationed. Between the Island, at the stern of the >’ew Ironsides, was moored the Atlanta, a rebel ram that was captured in Warsaw Sound in ISO 4. When the Shifller bad arrived by land, and the Pilgriih by water, the smoke was rolling up from all parts of the Ironsides, and occa tlouallv a flickering glimmer of light would appear'and then retreat, so to speak, amid the smoke of the volcano wlthio. The wind at this time commenced to freshen from the northeast, and foretokened a brewing storm. This current fanned the flames and smoke of the burning steamer rather from the other vessels. It was deemed necessary, however, to remove the St. Louis, and accordingly a towing cable was fastened to the steam tuq Tempest, that had been chartered “ on sight’’ by Government officials, and tbe fine, noble sloop-of-war was safely moored at a safe dis tance on the stream in a few minutes. A MOBB BRILLIANT SCENE. At about two o’clock, the fire that bad stubbornly smouldered up to this time, burst forth from the port-holes and hatch wavs, after there had been several slight ex plosions. It was thought these explosions were made by gunpowder; they were slight, however, and may have resulted from some tbieg else. The great tongnes of fire shot out from every vent, and being fed by the yellow pine timber used in tbe construction of the vessel, they presented all colors, from sllvcrv white to deep red. The roaring of the fiamee. and the felling of heavy materials, and the red glare reflecting back from the deepening mist above, formed a scene that In a word, may be said, was Indescribably beautiful. It was light enough to “pick a pin up” for a long distance from the barning Iron-clad. The lower masts and Immense smoke-sUck were still standing, around which the fiery flood dashed and roared In angry waves, send ing aloft great sheets of brilliant sparks or sprav, that descended harmless again Into the ‘Delaware. Finally, just before four o'clock, the smoke-stack fell with a dull, heavy, crashing or booming sound, and couutlcss sparks were borne away by the wild wind that had freshened almost to a gale. A portion of the iron plates of the upper structure of the steamer were bested to redness, and seemed to spring from their fastenings. Shortly after four o’clock, the main lower mast fell across the waUt of the vessel and broke it in two, one portion reach ing tbe river over tbe side* At five o'clock the other two lower masts fell fore and aft, crushing everything In their course. X SNOW-STORM BEGINS, A picture "worthy ot the painter's pencil now presented Itself. While the fire burning with intense fervor and brillaocy, enow began to fell—the time was half-past flve o'clock. The flakes were large, and fell thick and fast, and might very well answer os a lively substitute for a “meteoric show er.” It ically seemed that water was more •like foci to tbe'flamcs tban anything else, as thcr burst out 'more brilliantly when a dash of the stream was thrown upon the exterior of the burning debris.WErery expedient was resorted to to get the ironsides from the moorings into shoal water, but ail In vain. Her fastenings were made oi stout iron, and thus resisted the heat. To reach them was Impossible. When tbc foremast fell the bowspnt soon followed, but it dipped Into the river. One of tbc steam tugs fastened on to it and dragged it off. This may really bo consid er edas the only portion of the woodwork that woe saved. Daybreak finally broke In upon the scene amid a snow storm which, for severity, would have done credit to in bid fashioned winter. It was perfectly blinding to those who bad to face the bleak gale that prevailed. The ShUUer still re- inalocd ip service on tho bridge, pouring In a steady stream. Tun IRON PLATES PALL IN. At about 10 o'clock in the morning the Are lied gone down consldetably, must of the wood-work having been consumed. The heavy white-oak fmc-work, full twenty inches in thickness, a dhnrd to burn, finally yielded to Ibe powe. of the fire; and, as Uicse nlnno thb iron plates that "battered* 1 inwards from the watcr-Uns, it was evident another crush must soon occur. At half-past 10 o'clock the frame-work gave way. and the In n plates, welching hundreds of tons, fell into the boll, and the 111-fated tboucb noble vessel became a mere smoking wreck. It was useless now to continue Chiying anymore water upon her, and. at alf-paet 11 o’clock, the Shinier steamer packed up and returned home. By tbs time the was housed it was ascertained that oue of the pnmps bad burst from the water freezing to it. TOWINO Trip. IRONSIDES. Measures were taken eariy yesterday after noon to tow the Ironsides to the "flats,” as soon as the tide was up, where she wonld probably bo " high end dry** at low water. This great steamer, against whose iron sides the heavy halls and shells from rebel forts and batteries rained in vain. Is a complete wreck. How the Are originated Is Involved in some mystery, which can only be ascer tained by a calm and impartial investigation. The current report during and at the lire was that a stove had been capsized in the engine room of the vessel. This is not even possible, because that apartment was entirely fire proof. It Is raid that the fire was discovered at about ten o'clock on Saturday night, and that the few men who were about the fleet endeavored to extinguish It. It was thought they had partly, or could fullv accomplish this, but towards midnight aid was thought to he necessary, and at twenty-five minutes to Id o’clock the messenger was sent to the navy yard, stopping on the way at the shifller’s house. He was only thirty-five minutes in running from the burning steam er to the navy yard, a distance of about three miles by tbe road he took. LOTTERY POLICIES. Affidavits of a Victim of an Al leged Agent. How Bon. John Worrlssey ana Hon. Ben. Wood manage the Business. (From the New Vo;k Tribune, December 15.] The following affidavits and order tell their own story: kelson B. Odell ce*. John Morrissey, John A. Mortis, William C. France, Itichard France, Charles D. Murray, Z. E. Simmons. Wra. L, Simmons, Jacob Bauch, David L.- Heed, Beaja min Wood, Jacob fllauvelt, John Me ice, Auio nio Nathan, William Ward, William Craft, £. W, Xluhc sod Oscar Clark. Cli'j a/d Croatjf ffiw To/*, it,: Nelson B. Odell, being duly sworn. iSJ* that be is a rest* dent of the city of New \oi u, doing a large basi nets as a cooper lu Wvet Nineteenth street, cear the Tenth avt-nne in a id cliy; that the above named defendants keep and maintain in the cliy of New York a large number of gambling c.fsb- | llsbmenlt*, in wnlcli large sums of money are staked open lie drawings of certain lotteries, 1 such establishment* being commonly cal ed ‘‘po licy shopsthat said defendants have for a long time past kept acd maintained each gambling es tablishments. ana have thereby won Urge soma of money; taat their headquarters arc at Nos. 01* and oi2 Broadway, in the said city And this deponent says, that within two years last past, at sal t city, he has lost <'Jj,oyo, which has been won by cola defendants and their em ployes iod agents: that of said sum. <10,1)00 was lOet In the policy shop kep: by Jacob BUuvelt, at No. 72*/ Washington stseer, in this city; in the policy shop kept by JohnllcSue, al No JT-I Seventh avenue. In said c«y; fC,CbO in the nolicy shop kept by A. Jl. Nicholson, at No. 08 Vcsey str.et and No *JJi Dcy streets, in sold city; C2,0C8 In a poller shop kept by ore Nathan, at No. ITS Broadway, In aald city; <l,lOO in a policy shop kept by William Crflti. at No. 57 Whiteoali street. In sold city: s2,lAointhu policy shop kept by 12. W. UaW, at No. iS?»i Greenwich street. Id said city; ji.GO'iat policy shop No. S Fulton street, in said city; and * hat said BlanveU, McGee, Nicholson. Nathan. Ward, Craft end Holsc, ore and were agents and employ** of the d: terdants Morria-cy, XTorris, W. C. and It. France, Murray, 2. E. and W. I* Sim mons, Bauch. Heed and Wood, and were Inter ested In the winnings from thl< deponent. And this deno' ent says, that he is informed and believes and therefore alleges, that in the State of Kentucky arc, aid during (he period whlcu cov ers ihd aforesaid losses of this deponent have fce-m, (wo lotteries—toe one, “The Kentucky State Lottery,” aed the other “ Tne Shelby Col lege Lottery of Kentucky," and that said lo.tcrlcs during said period of this deponent's losses bavo been, and are owned and managed, controlled, manipulated andjeondneted by the first leu defend ants named lu the above title to ibis action: that said ten first i anted defendants have, duriug the tw o years last past, and np to this date, sold and venued in thi* city, lottery ool'dcs, purporting to b< covemea by the drawing of said loncrls’, aud | have so told and veuced such lottery policies by 1 and through the seven first named Defendants, I and many others, and have backed and endorsed I books cud other documents for the purpose of < i flbllusr said seven lust named defendants, and many otters, to sell an 3 vend lottery policies, and i during fair* nvo years have procured by such , ta c and vending of such lottery policies to this deponent, from this dcjioucnt, 5-15,'Kd, and van sums of money fr m others, to direct violatiou of the statute of New York, which enacts such acta to he felonies. And this deponent says, that said lottery poli cies so sold and vended to this deponent, arc of ten known and denominated lottery policy slips: that they purport to he decided by the drawing of tala louene- in this manner; Seventy-eight num bers aro placed lu the wheel, from wMch thirteen numbers are drawn, and 100 policy slips contain the number or numbers the player be*? will be drawn, the bets Bomeiimes being a: to the order oflbc drawing, and sometimes merciy that they will be drawn; such brti being supposed by tho player, and represented by the deiendants, to be made before receipt of the dtawn ga, and tho drawings being represented to be boacn and fair. And this deponent alleges that he purchased of told acf iiaanrp as aforesaid such lottery slrpamd Joel thereby to them s3s,yyj within thepaHtwo years; and that said pnicUnscs and loaves were made from time to time during said (wo years, and up to a few weeks since; and from the com mctcemertofsaid gambling between Ibis depo nent and said defendants, said defendant-* repre sented, and this deposed bolievea, tbal said gam- Ming was ccnducied on the pan ol said defend ants fairly, or In terms well under-ood, **on the innarc;’’thattbe drawing* by which said policy slips were to be aocldcd would he lately aratta, aciLwhcit drawn to be faiil? applied to the num bers on such slips. And this deconeat says that he has rcccnl'vhecn informed and believe?, and expects lobe able to prove, that said drawings of said Kentucky lot teries Instead of having itcen lawfully aud fairly drawn, for the ilcclslnu of the cumbers on slips so by him purchased, have been falsely and fian l nlcmly drawn, during the entire period in which said attendants obtained os aforesaid the <13,000 ol this deponent’- money, or when regularly drawn have been falsely and fraudulently eup pressed and other nnmiers which had not been uravn, laUcly inserted In their place, with the view ol cheating end defrauding this deponentaud oihcrpersons who made similar purchases of slips item the defendants aforesaid. And this deponent further says, that one of the tricks acd device?, by which, ai be ht« been in formed #rd believes, the said owners and maaa cere of raid lotteries contrived to defraud deponent acd others who purchased thetr slips, was to ap print ere Lewis Davis, heavily by than paid, and wholly In their inlcres', os conimßstouer. to su perintend ard control said dtawings, In the pro* tended irtercsl of deponent and the public; that they then eatd Davis with a secret •‘key” or ‘‘cipher,” by which they directed-Urn, as coon as said drawings were made at tbe bead* (purer* of said lotteries in said Ststc of Ken* lucky, to seed them exclusive and private reporta ot the came, that Ftild owners and managers on receiving the samelp the city of New York, rapid* ly compared tbe averages of the sales as they were affected, and covet ued by (he nnmbers ofsald privately sent drawlrgs, and that If tbe said nuiu bus were found to inCict Tosses os said owners and managers. through (heir relations with the numbers oil said slips, that the said owners and macagew wlllfull*, deliberately, wickedly, falsely ai d fraudulently, and for the purpose ot cheating and defrauding deponent ana others, purchasers ol said slip?, changed a-d altered the said sum* hers so drawn in Kentucky, and forwarded to them, and replaced them by other numbers, which i wci ein agreement with tbe interests of said o <vn* I ere and manager*. | Deponent furtler gays, that as he has been In* termed and believe*, a further trick, device, or ! stratagem o! raid owners ana managers, to pro* I vent deponent and the public to get the tnte : riiawlngs of said lotteries *hroogh agents of their own, was to stock the room where said drawings were made, with myrmidons and agents of their own, whose duly it was, nnder tbe direction of Fatd Davie. and by order of said owners and man* agent, to exclude ull persons other than them* klvc? acd parties In the Interest of said owner* end manageis aforesaid from the observation of said drawing; that one of the parties this cm* p.oycd to no'cntlv prevent any Intrusion bv the public npon their faDo and unlawful proceedings, was one John K. Briggs, which person, on one occasion, did, under the orders of said owner* and manager* suspend a drawing, fur the avowed reason that said drawing should nit he witnessed by any person who was not connected with or in the interval ofsald owners or managers. And this deponent says, that during his said purchase* of said lottery slips, he often gave to the employes and agents of the ten flrst-named defendants aforesaid, cheeks on New York County National Bank, some payable to the order of “Cash.” some to that of tee defendant Riauvclt, some to that of Cornelia? BbuvelL some to that of the defendant William Craft, -and some to that of the delendant A. B. Nicholson—tha* said checks have been presented at said Lank and paid, and by said bank on his aetUementjOf his account re* turned to this deponent who has their possession; lba» many of them are endorsed by the defendant John Morrissey, others by Ibe said Heed, others by the said Craft, others hr said Nicholson, others by.taldßtauvcU; and will he produced on the trial ofthis action. And depodent further save, that he has com* mencfd an action In Luis court for the recover/ of the fold sum of $35,000, with Interest thereon, so a? aforesaid obtained from this deponent, fraud a* lenily, feloniously and wickedly, fiy said delend* ants, with the penallyprovlded oylaw; that some of tbe above defendants are residents of the State of New York, and others, as this deponcctls in formed and believes, arc not—and deponent prays that all of said defendants may be arrested aud held to haO. N. B. Odsll Sworn. November 13, ISCO. before me. John A. O'Brien, Commissioner of Deeds, Ne n York County. Nelson Ferris, being duly sworn, says that shout the first day of May, ISffkhc commenced purchasing lottery tickets, and also policy slips, which purported to be decided by the drawing of ceitsln lotteries located in tbe State of Kentucky, the owners of which were and ore the above named John Momssey, John A. Morris, William C. France. Richard Frases, Charles li. Murray* 2. E. Simmons, WDllam L. Simmons, Jacob Bauch, David L. Reed, and Benjamoa Wood. And he says that by said purchase he lost heavily. Deponent further says, that on one occasion after tbe losses of this deponent at the office of the above named managem In the city of New York, this deponent was provided by one of the managers of the Kentucky lotteries with the key to a cypher used by them In transmitting num bers. the results of tbe drawings by telegraph— acd Instructed to go to the city of Albany with the acdeis andlng that he should be furnished with numbers (in advance of the drawing) which would appear a* baring been legitimately drawn. I This deponent afterward went to the city of Al- I bany, according to lustrnciions given, biro, for I too purpose of During policies there, from cer tain parties who had taken risks In tbe Ken tucky lotteries; while there he received from New York a telegraphic despatch (as previously arranged-) This despatch was in the cypher of which this deponent had been provided with the '* key—that this deponent received fhla despatch before tbe hour advertised far tbe drawing of the lotteries, and while the dealers were still taking risks to be decided by that drawing in which these numbers were to ap pear—on snbelitndng by means of the key the numbers signified by the words of the cypher in the despatch, thl* deponent was In possession of throe numbers. These numbers, according to in structions, this deponent named to the parties taking the risks as the numbers he wl*hed to In sure against being drawn on that particular day. These ilsks were tnkenby them under the belief that their late would be subsequently decide ! by tie drawing of thirteen numbers at random from the seventy-eight numbers placed la the wheel according to toe managers’ advertisement—that this deponent pnrehas d* policies of such nnmbers by Instruction from John A. Dali, No. 8 Beaver street, from o-e Rofccrans, No. 15 Exchange plate, Albany. When tbe drawing* of the lotteries purposing to have been made sometime later, wore published, the three numbers duly certified by the commis sioners telegraphed him from New York. ap peared s* having been drawn—that this d’pooent was paid by BoFecrans the sum of one bunded dollars, D-st being the amount of the rls. be bad taken the numbers for, he supposing at the Umo of lading such risk that the drawiog -s'i not been decided. Nttaoa F :uau. Sworn. Noven b*r 20, isfift, before me, D idley R r. Wilcox, Notary Fuoiic, Netr York Cjaaij. YWiICE. • The Popular Festivities. Honors to Boyalty la Uio (Mty of tbe Itages—Oloeinc Scenes of tbe Ovation —Serenade on tuo Grand Canal- Honor to Ganbolcli’a Naue'-Y&e Idualc. [Correspondence of the New York Herald.] Vssicc. November 17, isort. The night that Venice saw after the san bed set on Monday, November 12, should bare come In summer time, amid the odor of flowers and the warmth that comes from an Italian sun—not when the Alps bad gath ered their tribute of snow from the rude north wind and breathed chillingly over all the wide valley, on'the outer side of which sits this fair city by the sea; for on that Monday night a swarm of gondolas, Jewelled with lights and moving loan atmosphere of music, floated slowly Irom the FUzzctta. np the grand canal, whoso waters, for a dis tance of three miles, gleamed like a river of gold. It was a serenade with Interior Ulamlno- tions ol the buildings along the canal, the closing spectacle of these festivities, os well as the dost and most graceful tribute to the King, who witnessed it from the Palazzo Toscatl. At seven o'clock, punctual to an nouncement, the brilliant mass of gondolas moved Irutn the Piazctta. In tbc centre, ■ rearing its columns of many-colored lights, was attesting platform, composed of two large barges held together by planks, having a gild ed. curtained canopy in the centre, and the entire structure, clear down to the water’s edge, spangled with while, blue, red and green lights. On this platform were the or chestra and singers, while following at some distance was a large boat brilliantly llluml : nated and carrying the band of the National Guard. There were few of the thousands of gondolas preceding and following :he musi cians that did not carry from two to half-a dozen Chinese lanterns or ornamental lights of some description. There was the same crowding of balcony and window, the same densely packed masses on tbc quays and bridges, along tbc entire length of tbc canal from the royal gardens, a little above the Plazetta, to the railroad station, the same Jubilant, laughing population that made the rtpella ol Sunday so attractive. As the gay procession wound its way slow ly along, its pathway was lit up by scores of Komau candles and Bengal lights from the quays and balconies on either side, throwing Into strong relief the closely packed mass of gondolas and countless human faces. The scene was most impressive. Sometimes si lently in the dark cold night, crowned above with stars and fringed with myriad many* lined lanterns, the solemn, dream-like still ness disturbed only by a burst of delicious , harmony or the scarcely audible measured plash of oars, the procession glided along. Sometimes, in a sudden gush of light, real izing the rrotodi XoUe, as the spectacle where night Is made to resemble day is termed In the poetic language of Italy, amid thunders of acclamations from delighted multitudes, floated with a movement scarcely perceptible, tboie thousands of closely wcdg« d gondolas, looking as if some Jablcd nctuad city of weird, fantastic people were moving to the sea. In the midst of a scene so strange and Inspiring,! believe I dreamed, overcome l>y the influence of the hour, the music and tbe unearthly splendor of church and palace illuminated with ever-changing hues of light, placing fitfully on facade, dome, sculptured column and window, re vealing with wondrous minuteness every detail of leaf and flower in the exquisite tracery of capital and plinth, mullion. ir. t ted a*rch ai.d egee, every feature la the gray shadowy busts of prelate, warrior and , doge, and antique caryatids starting up in varied attitude, as if the. dead of ancient Vei.ic-e had come from thvlr tombs in some luiid. sepulchral drapery, to take part in the scene. But at times the roar of the multitude broke the spell and woke one up to the re ality around. When the Foscari palace had been reached, and the hymn in honor of the King sung, the crowd insisted on the hymn to Garibaldi, which has already made the tour ol the world. The enthusiasm now rose to a perfect frenzy, and nothing could be liner than the singing of Garibaldi's hymn by tcfl% of thousands, keeping perfect time, as only Italians or Germans can, and even singing less in unison than In harmony. It was, however, a matter of questionable taste to insist on having this particular hymn, be fore the strange procession had drifted to a respectful distance from the roval pavilion. But king or no king, the crowd would have it, rending the air before and at the conclu sion with dcalcnlng shouts of “ Vira Gari \ hahli! Kedva I ” in a manner that showed : the Immense popularity of that leader. TLe following is the musical programme, j which my gondolier obligingly obtained lor ! me: | jTocr.Ajmi della schemata vocals ed utrc riMTALE DA LSEGCIRIM PIT. CANAL GRANDE LA SERA DEL 12 NOVEUBRE JM* MELL* OCCASIONS m SOCGJORNO DCS. U. tL BE O*I7ALIA. Finloida Della oiovauna di Gusman Verdi Inno—Oicocfflool He liuzzol Coro—Catitlco a Vt-nezit .Be* Coro—Jnno al Be dTtilia.. Coro—Jnco alia mla I’alrla. Sliifonia Coro—lrno a Venezia Ballaiaper leroreccoro.., foro—Lorenzmo dc’Jledicl Coro—l lalia i edeata ilscsho JJlrtUore In Capo— Catcano Profcceorl d'o;clicstra N. sL,—Coristi 30.—Co mte IS. Le gallegglamc partira dlrimpctta alia Plazzet* tu cllc ore T pom. Dal Palazzo Mtnlcipale. Tlie orchestra of fifty-four Instruments, and the eighteen ladles and thirty-six gen tlemen, who formed the vocal i>ortion of this magi ificcnt band, merit all that I could eay in praise cl'their pcrfirraance, but more eloquently in the following characteristic in Idcnt: The second niece. '‘Ointnagglo al re,” was the one sang In front of the King at the rescan. In the gondola Immediately in front opine was an aged gondolier, appa rently not loss than fourscore years old. As he steed up before me, to catch every note that fell from a deliciously sweet and pow erful female voice, to whose excellent per formance the hjmn In quest ion was wisely Intrusted, his profile of pare Venetian type wus strong y relieved against the light from beyond, and I cculu sec the tears stealing down his worn, doge-like face, while he clasped his Lauds In mute delight, and at the conclusion reverently removed his Vene tian bonnet and bowed as if In prayer. Whether it was a homage to the fair singer, or that he was moved by patriotic feelings too warm and overpowering for words to , describe, It was certainly an unmistakable tribute to the mnsic, and an evidence that the passionate love of music and good taste of tUb people have not declined: and, la lieu of any comment ot my own. I tboagot I could not do better in my attempt to compliment the excellent musicians than to introduce this little touching episode of the old Veae* tlan. During the singing of the “Omaggio” there was the felluuess of death over that vast multitude. The procession stood mo tionless, while a daylight glory of dazzling light, beaming from unnumbered balconies arid windows, bathed the scarcely-breathing multitude, up In the clear night rang that beautiful voice, Us strong notes retracted from the lofty palaces, as if, by some en chantment, music were struck from their stringed fronts of feathery, arabesqued col umns—its rich tones eddying round from the Fuscari to the Piazelta, past the iron bridge, and away on the other side, till the waves of melody broke against the old Kialto and filled every ear ol* the vast, entranced crowd. Never was applause heartier or more em phatic than tnat which woke up the echoes when the last note of the hymn had died away. THE THOMAS TESTIMONIAL. Speeches of Governor Brnwnlow and General Thomas. The gold medal awarded to General Thomas by the Legislature of Tennessee was formally presented to the old veteran on Saturday last in the presence of a large as* semblagc. In presenting the medal, Gover nor Brownlow said: Majob Gexecaz. Tnox&s: The pleasant duty devolves upon mo of presuming to yon, on thw hitcrcsitig occasion, the elegant cold medal voted to you. something like a year ago, by ttxc Genera! Assembly ol Tennessee, whose members—Sena tors and Representatives —no* surround you. And although this medal is the finest article of the kind vet executed In America, Ps value to yon does not consist is the amount of the precious metal It contains, nor yet In the exquisite work manship of (he anlet, but m the motived which prompt'd the girt, and the patriotic source it originates Jrom. It is intend-d to express the high recard in which yon are held by a loyal Ten nefl-ee l-edalatore as a military eblefain, a tried and devoted patriot, and a modest, unassuming gentleman. General, In no spirit of Cattery* I must be per mitted to say to you, that in the great straggle of four years, which recently convulsed the nation, of all onr military commanders, yon are perhaps the only one that never lost a battle: and in toe government of armies ana departments, never made a mistake. There ta somethin? very appropriate in the pre sentation of lias medal to-day, and in this capftol, the zumUcrarr of the battle -of Nashville. Two years «go to-day, at the bead of a gallant army, von were encaged in a deadly coouict with the enemies of our country, around this city; and two Tears aro to-morrow, you closed out that convict —saving the city from rain, and sending the co horts ofUeason bowling in'o Dixie —“away down South In Dixie." A portion of the enemy re mained to receive at out hands their \ong lost rights—the only rights that trators are entitled to —•• Formal, iurrs.’* Tnutlng that you may never have occasion to command another army on the held of carnage, and that yon may live long and enjoy the fruits of tbe victories you have contributed to achieve, i hand this medal over to one wao will never dis honor!'. „ After the Governor bad conclnded, Gen eral Thomas made the following reply, giv ing a clear ontline of the principle events connected with the battle orHasbvßle. The General spoke In a distinct tone of voice, and was listened to with great attention, as he Is not in tbe habit of making speeches every day, being, like General Grant, rather a man of deeds than of words. GEXnuX.TBOXAa’ BX9PO2TSK. Governor Brownlow. and Gentlemen of the Sen ate and Douse of Representatives of tbe Legis lature of Tennessee: Profoundly sensible of tbe high honors yon have this day conferred upon me, 1 confess myself to tally unable to thank yon in appropriate terms. Be assured, noweve’’, of my sincere appreciation ot those honors, and particularly of the compli ments which have been paid to the officers and soldiers who participated with toe in defeating tbe enemy, two years ago (bis day, at Narimilc. Some twenty years ago I received ray diploma at the military academy, and soon alter, a com mission In the army. On receiving that commis sion.! took an oatn to sustain the Consutailoa or the United Stales and tbe Government, and lo obey all officers of the Government placed over me. I have lalthfnUy endeavored to keep that oath. [Load applause.) I did not regard it so much an cath as a solemn pledge on my part to ictnmto the Government some little service for the great benefit I bad received m obtaining my education at the academy. [Renewed applause.] Whilst I cannot venture to speak of myself wilh ont fear cf being a closed of egotism, I can with pleasure and sincerity and pride speak of the brave soldiers and officers who, at tbe commence tneniofUtc late war, voluntarily cams forth from tneir private walks of life, and devoted their ener gies to the defence of the Government established ny onr fathers- I Applause.) Il has been my plea scrc on all occasions to witness tbe devotion of our army; and 1 to-day toko pride in saying that n.o other country on earth ever produced each Hiiothcraro'y as the army which assembled to put ■ down the rebellion. lAtiaUose.l The events immediately preceding tho oattlo of Nashnlie arc of such a nature that 1 am sore they would bear repeating, or some allusion to toona on this occasion. Af.er a victorious advance lap j the heart cf the cncmy’b country, our great teadfg. General Sherman, rested at Atlanta, hi* mind eu gsced In perfecting plans of other- operations. Although he bad poshed a hold nod galls' it ene my hsek into the heart of their country, they were, not diacouiaged, but tho moment Ida’. Genera) Sherman eat down to »lUUoreat,imme dfatelv Ihfct fiicmr took the offensive and attempt* ed to drive Llm back. Seeirc their plans bo de tached mo to Tcnveasoe to attend to sdaln la the rcsrofilicaiZDj. and to keep open comxnanlca* lien wltb bim. Even on my arrival Id Tennessee, the advance fnrrca of ibc enemy had snacked our communica tion* end dote tone damsge. but *ere soon, driven ont Soon afterward. General Sherman | conceived the plan of marching .10 me sea, and 1 Mi mo to defend Tcuncisce in case the enemy ehonln advance on that State and attempt to go far* tber KortD. or to case the enemy should follow him, to ptuane him nah what troops 1 could gather np and barns* bIJ rear and communication', a abort Hoc after the ennnj bad thrown at least ft corps on otir cob manic*rions. General Sherman a male army and the army of the enemy remained qnJejly (.Vfemcc one ano’hcron the borders of Alabama acd Georgia. Whilst I was endeavor* leg to meet the emergency hat I saw approach* lop. by orc»(.lxlDjr returned fo.*ltngftcd men and eonvaleaecnts, anti concentrating them la each a manner a* tob? able defend tbo post if possible —but In doing that l *as not permitted to remain Idle or delay—the ecemy. perceiving bis sdvan* lace, started directly for Tennessee, and General Sherman abqpt the same time itaned for Sevan nab. There was then nothing left for me but to delay the enemy’s approach as long as pos sible without risking * battle, until an army could he aracmb ed stuaeiestly Urge to meet him. After the utmost exertions on the part of myself and staff, a»d «iio on the part of the commanders or the different bodies of troops, we finally succeeded ingtttla" snaimyol some thirty thousand men at Sun*- , viile, on the Ist cay of December, 1361. Cut they needed clothing and transportation- They a>o needed horses to enable them io do aometnlag nute than simply *o flehtn battle. Xtwasneces- Farr, then, to delay on til that could be done. In Ihe meantime the weather became very disagree able, auo it was stmort Impracticable to move troops. This farther delayed ns some focrorflvo <i&y*, hut finally, about the 12tn of December, tbo preparations Lcing made, the order of battle was csvialrcd to the commanders, and everything prepared for the conflict the next morning, though the bad weather still c- ctinu- d, ana a Fleet came on which dvlarcd os until the IMb of December. On that c*av Gen eral bteadmac, with a email command of conva lescents and men wbo bad been on parole, par tially organized, commenced the battle on the left at sir s. m., and so occupied the aiieutlonof the cm my mat fcc. apparently, entirely forgoi the other portion of bis line and eo’ ceutrsted heavily at that point, evidently expecting a battle there, 'ibis was anticipated (a my programme, and after General Steadman bad opened the oatfle and been engaged about half an hour, the troops were moved Into ihctr position and almost like men on review, toon post after post, and drove th'» enemy to the hills. (Cheers.) The next day by the skill ful mantenvera cl tbe cavalry commander, the ca erne’s left was entirely tamed, acd then, by one ol tbe roost gallaat assaults 1 bive ever witnessed, the entire line of the enemy was swept from left to right; (great applaaaej, and to enned one ol tbe eticnccrt and most daring armies tne enemy ever equipped. (Kcueaed applause.] Thlsanny was pursued for twohntdrea and fifty miles, and finully received its last blow at the hand ofibc cavalry commat.der. It is wl»l» Ihe greatest pleas ure that 1 avail myself to-day. sir, of the oppor tunity In speaking In praise of tho-o gallaut men and officers whom 1 bad the honor to command in the Nashville campaign. The band then played Yankee Poodle, and on mctiOL of Representative W. Y. Elliott, three cbeera and a tiger were given the Gen eral. THE 31EXICA5 QUESTION. French Opinion of Uie “ lllmriona” and “lirron” of the Undertaking* [From the Journal des Defats, of Paris, Nov. 29-1 It would I c bi”U time to write oispasslon ately about tbe Mexican question, now that Tate has pronounced, and that it might be considered as almost within the domain of lih-torv. But, really, it Is putting the pa tience of tbe enlightened portion or the com munity to a test far above Its powers to frame'as has just been done, a regular In dictment against the French people, whose faltering, we are told, has upset and discon certed the grand design of its Government. A little memory Is sufficient to enable the public to ascertain that popular opinion is more answerable for the- hsue than for the outset of that undertaking, and tbat. on that question, a« mi ail others, the Government was left wholly unlettered. The votes of the Chamber arc there to prove it. The truth is that poli tic opinion, warned by tbat marvellous in stinct of self-preservation which communi ties possess in the fame degree as organized beings, felt alarmed at the consequence* of the Mexican expedition, at the very lime that that expedition was exporing u* to a serious risk which no serious interest Jurii licd the country in incurring. The French public watched at llrst with more curiosity than apprehension the attempt that was made to found nu Empire in Mexico and to CftaMish an Austrian Archdukeon the Mexi can throne. Without feeling any degree of interest in the recencratlau of the Latin, or rather of the indio.Latin, races in that dis tant region, without leellng the slightest desire to reduce to subjection a new Algeria at such a distance from our coasts, the French public ut dr.-t viewed with patience tbe Mexican expedition, regarding it as a kind of costly and risky experi ment, which might possibly tun* out Well. That which chanced the public b-cling, wide!*abruptly ended that relative indiffer ence, was the aspect of the United States, nUfrtd of the carat of their civil tear, their open hostility towards the Mexican expedi tion, and their determination to oppose it. There can be no doubt but the apparition of such an adversary would only have acted as a stimulant on public opinion, and roused the national spirit amongst us, Ifthc French people had really thought that their Interest or their honor were Involved in tbe success of the Mexican venture. But the Idea of go ing to war with the United States to solve In our own way the philosophical question of tbe regeneration of the Latin races, or the equally idle question of the relative advan tages of a monarchy over a republic, was not calculated to become popular aud In duce France to submit to such a heavy sacri fice of blood. It is from that day that popu lar opinion, deeply roused. Was able to exer cise indirectly sonic influence on tbe decis- j ions of the Government. But let us be Just. ] Even if that Influence had no* existed, the 1 final resolve of the French Government would have been the same, for the simple reason , that U never contemplated founding M-xi miliuu’s throne at tbe cost of a war with the : United Slates. It Is, therefore, insincere to ray that it Is tbe nation which restrained the Government, which was certainly wise enough to restrain itself. Instead of charg ing the nation with’ faltering, when after all it has done nothing to recommend and ap prove n retreat so necessary that it would be cairicd oat even if public opin ion wero so ill-advUcd as to disap prove it, why not acknowledge that tbe Mexican undertaking was founded on ! two opinions, both of which events have shown to be wrong? The first was tbat the I great majority of the Mexican population ! would be favorable to tbe new empire, and that the dissidents could be reduced without 1 any great difllculty; tbe second—which was far more important as to the future prospects ofthe undertaking—was that the American Union was hopelessly destroyed; that the : South would beat the North, and would form a bulwark for the new empire. These were the two conditions on which the success of the empire depended. But while the first was secondary, as with time, blood and money, the Mex ican dissidents must have been, reduced to submission, the second was vital, os the ! idea of founding an empire at the gates of the resuscitated United States, and at the 1 cost of a war with them, could never have I entered Into any mortal head. In fact. Fate I has now pronounced, and it may be stated j that if Maximilian’s abdication be only dated , yesterday, the real date of his Call goes back j to the capture of Atlanta and Charleston, ! and the surrender of Richmond. Ills fall ' was even toreshadowed by the two des patches by which England and Russia re fused to join the French Government to propose a mediation and an armistice' between the Fcdcrals and tbe Confederates. The failure of the Mexican expedition rests, therefore, on two errors of judgment, from which the expedi* 1 tion originated. Illusions were'entertained as to the internal state of Mexico, and as to the probable issue of the war in the United States. That it would have been better not to have made those two mistakes all the world agrees; but there is a newspaper which allows itself to be mastered by Its zeal to such a degree as to pretend that. If the expedition failed, it Is the country that Is responsible Ifor the blunder. It is enough to reply to that paper tbat it is mistaken, and tbat no one labors under that mistake bat Itself. ....BLaaebibi Mercadontc Cocoa .Tesarin itog Pacini MYSTERIOUS MURDER. A Partner Billed In lowa—Apparent Lack of motive—A mysterious Affair, [From the Burlington Hawkeye, December 17*j The people of Morning Sun, a village about twenty-five miles north of this city, in Louisa County, have been greatly excited owr a mysterious homicide that took place about four miles this side of that village, just within the limits of this county, on the night of Monday, the 10th lost. We have been in possession of the main facts for some days, but preferred to await the result of the Coroner’s inquest, which enables us to pre sent the full particulars as far os known. THE VICTIM of this premeditated murder was Robert Glasgow, a young man of about twentyyears of age.wbo resided in Yellow Springs Town ship, with his mother, a widow in very lim bed circumstances. Ho passed his time do ing chores at home, and working for formers around, bnt was inclined to be wild and pt company with a class of disreputable young men who had been suspected of many petty robberies that have taken place lately in that Tillage. Glasgow, however, was not charged with any of these villainies,and wus regarded as a very decent young man, ex cepting this waywardness. THE STCBDEBEB is David Mitchell McClnre, about twenty years of age, who lives with bis lather on the Wapello road, in Yellow Springs Town ship. about a quarter of a mile north of the dwelling of the deceased- H!s lather’s name Is John McClure, and he, with several broth ers and sisters, compose the family. The fttisontr is rather slun, about five feet six nches Id height, has a downward look, shows very little signs of bard work, and from his appearance has evidently loafed considera bly, though It Is difficult to Imagine that one so'stupid and so artless could be guilty of such a cold blooded mnrder. His reputation in the neighborhood has been positively bad, roving about with a band of worthless char acters, who, with him, have been suspected of stealing hogs, horses; wheat, Ac. Since the murder a great many petty crimes, com mitted of late in the vicinity of tbe tragedy, have heenattribnted to him, with what truth wc are unable to leant. THE MUEDEB was committed Monday night about 'ten o’clock in a field near McClure’s home about three hundred yards from the door. That morning tbe deceased, Robert Glasgow and Taylor Mickle had set out on a bant la tbe. vicinity of Morning San and returned in tbe evening to attend a panorama on exhibition at the village. At the close they visited Wright A Thompson’s drug store and pur chased a bottle of Red Jacket Bitters. While there, they 'were joined by Robert Barr aod Cass Willi* ms, young men and churns of tho prisoner. On leaving for home Barr and Willlamr, started on ahead leaving tbe pris oner, McClure, and the deceased, Glasgow, to cotTig on together, as they were neighbors. The journey was made very pleasantly and when the Wapello road was reached Mc- Clure succeeded In inducing bis comrade to accompany him up tho lane lo hls(McCa) house rather than take the direct route forborne. On coming opposite the house they crossed the field In which U la situated, passing a couple of stacks near the fence and taking a roundabout way to throe other stacks that were about three hundred yards from tho door. There Robert Glasgow ended bis life. As soon as tho fatal deed wm done McClure started to the house and aroctcd bis brother Thomas, slating that Robert Glasgow bad suddenly fallen dead In a fit and asking bis assistance to take the body to Lis mother's. "While ycl warm the corpse was taken Into McClure's house, the prisoner making the strongest assoverat'ona that the deceased died la a fit. .The body - did not exhibit any signs of violence and the neighbors readily assented to this explana tion. Before the ftmcral, however, on Wed nesday altcmooo, a little suspicion began to arise that all was not right, some contend ing that Glasgow bad been po soned and that the poi&r.n was administered In the Red Jacket Bitters purchased that Monday even ing at the drug store. The doctors of the village were reoueated to make a post mortem examination of the body but they refused till an inquest could Le regularly held. The corpse was then Imil-.d uud notice given to Coroner Wilder of the suspicions circum stances that attended the case. Tbc Jury having duly beard the evidence and examined the body of the deceased, re turned the following verdict: “That the deceased, Itobert Glasgow, came (o bis dcolb on the nlsbt ol the ifttlt or DeccmDsr, lfC6, Msnpoted to be by tbe band oi Mpch rll ilct'lurr. by means of soma round or bloat weapon by s blow, fracturing tbe skull.” The prisoner, who to the conclusion of the testimony bad been regarded ns an innocent man, finding that circumstances pointed very strongly against him, slipped away, and evaded the officers. Scorch was immediately Instituted by Coroner Welder, and over fifty men who had anxiously listened ip the pro- I ceedluts, engaged In the pursuit, which oc- I cupied the whole ofSatnrJay night. He was | finally secured, and brought in Irons to ♦V-" city Sunday evening. Yesterday - be was taken before Squire counsel, B. J. 11111, Esq., waived an examina tion nod he was formally committed to await bis trial at the next term of the District Court, which cits on the »tU proximo. ISTEENAL BETESUfe I IUODS. IQccUdc of tlic ConsmM InvciUsatloc Committee* iFrom the New York Tribune, Decent t is.] The Congress' Committee. con.dsring of Messrs. Darling, of New York, Beaman, of Michigan, Myers, of Pennsylvania. Egglca- • ton, of Ohio, and Trimble, of Kentucky, with an Assistant Sergeant-al-Ams, left Washing ton lost evening fur this city, having in v lew a thorough invotigation *»r,d c.tp-f>urcof the stnpcndcus revenue frauds by which thelJ jt ernment la now being robbed- Thev have engaged rooms at the Astor House, and will establish their headquarters there upon their arrival this morning. The committee has, of course, some idea of the work required of mem; bnt ho wever much thev may have examined the subject, there is little doubt that they will be con louudcd by the colossal proportions and ex* tensive ramifications of these piracies on the revtnnc. The plots arc not confined to whiskey; thengh this article, having a pretty heavy burden and being always morbidly sensitive to taxation or any restraint of law, leads in the insurrection of swindlers. From this, up and down the long catalogue of home-made Injuries and superfluities, runs the precious scheme of robbery, until honest manufactur ers are being actually driven to the wall, and obliged to abandon a business in which they can no longer compete. V.’hMcey cost*. *«y forty centsngalhm luttn n.-mufictmc. Now, it le obvious that oisMller Brown, who pay a Government tax of 42 on each gallon, cannot do hnslcess by the side of hU neighbor, dis tiller Jones, who has bribed Collector and Inspect or, and pays a merely nominal tax or none at all. The mode of operation is somewhat «i f*»l --lows: KeVtnuc oltlcer A 'notices llt-vcime oll’cer B. on the next beat, is colling rl- h with incomprehensible rabidity, ** n h,u. . encounters a man, C, ambltloa- *. < b ~ o ;i distiller, be makes a judlcinj. -rraigi-: 1 with him, whereby it U agr».c I that. t»y j trcntofsCCO a week to rim " Ib cr. his tv shall be ‘•lifted,** tba f U, not .mpov 'd. If*: distills 100 gallons a dm he ran s**!l Ms product at a gall- n, ami evo then make a clear protp of fct’M a wetk. It is known that thl« «I*riTi.-al m ih od has been practiced in nutm -on* in*Mn.v«. ard some of the oldest dealert are «u>; ‘eg distillation and awaiting the e\po»uv which is their only protrelioi. costs, lax and all, ay S-M) |. r gallon; yet there are several /hire* in lul* city and Brooklyn where the t tvl • e»:j h-: bad at or even lower. A Granger «HI probably be charged fd.rS) for tu:r riiit«-.».t only ( I, bribe and all, but a nju w i l« known ard believed to be “trit-,** can »d»uii it at«t.r>o. the wimskitt rn.trp* in -ei.run. The rase of the United i*t: aa» :»l, Td ton. Devlin and Levan, was 1 »(‘r-* C’cninilf.-*ioncr Newton at tbi United Sm 1 .-* Court rooms, Montague sire. Brooklyn. JO o’clock Tes'erday nioroln;-. Sever'S: «». nesses were examined, all t.slicing t» flfllldr. The next witness was Pair *k MeAr.lle, « partner of <Ubonu* in the ;i<tUU-ry men timed by bln. Their plac r wa« rt>-p:cl from September Ist to Ort< *>er Pith, vtf. n they applied for an Inspector under the new law'; raw Devlin who told lilt > t<> go on mto • ufucturlng, and he would Sen I an l«*i»clor and it would bo “all right;’* Tilton ami Phillips would do the branding, and bo »>» ild give u» 4UO per gallon for what we nude ; he afterwards came down to. ; l ia; Tilton uf- Urward catucnnd wanted sum : broad* era*, J, and Devlin said ho could n- 1 pity »uch an underhand game: Tiitou toll wltne*-* Hut be had a quarrel with Tappaw about brand Ing their llqnur. end Devlin stated to him that he bad to pay from ,(rt» to 4V>r<o every month for promotion; when the distil' lery was s« iced he had a tui’i with Devlin, who raid Osborne accused Mm (Devlin; of being concerned In the seizur ?; witnc* told him it was a strange thing Jr all to go on well when they dealt with hba. and to h«ve such a sodden change when t lit v stnnpel, On Ms crrss'examlrallnn. Mr. McArdb* swore that they made abo >t tea barrels a day, while pacing a tax on but live; their profits were about SSOO dalle; he prc.otm-d the liquor was fraudulent’.;- branded ; had sold no whirkey in October i d any one bat Devlin; Devlin bad specific ’ once’tbe turtle* to whom be had to p«v £iO,C.» or 4V),u» »;- r i month; Mr. Tappan was om and Tilton 1 another; Devlin staled that he could not i pay snch large amounts lor tbe protection of others. The remainder of Mr. Me \rdle*s te*li:a»»- ny Was of little Importance. Mr. O. 31- Denton, acting Cadder of thf- Atlantlc National Dank, wa examined as to Mr. Devlin’s bnslness with t’i-vt inslUnlloa ; witness had an account *f Mr. Deviln’n checks and deposits, sho ring a tetal of st>l2.ooo, from August (1 t« November i>i; on the 10th of November Ac drew out hla balance of 432,641.8^1. DESTRUCTIVE CONFLAKBITID*. EnrninE of tbe Buffalo ttolllos Jllll- L.o*i» ?-50,003. (.From the Baflalo Coramerd-1 Advert; *cr, He- cember IS. I About seven o’clock thl- morning a lire was discovered In the boiler room of the Hul ling Mills attached to the Buffalo Union Iron Works, situated on Buffalo Creek, at Far mer's Point, Some masons vho had been at work repairing in the engine room, as we are told, had made a fire and ;,*one oiT and left it, and this communicating t o the roof, grad ually spread over the entire bnlldlmr. The main building, comprising the rolling mill, situated apart from t’ '• Mast furnace. Is almost a total ruin, arm, the walls are standing, and some small portions of the roof yet remain, but the machinery beneath, together with the furnaces, is a total wreck. About the only valuable property saved I* the engines, which, at the time oar reporter left, were fortunately unharmed; and the opinion prevailed that they would remain mi injured. This disastrous fire will throw a large num ber of men out of employment, it being es timated bv those most competent to know, that from "sixty days to three months will be required to reconstruct the building de stroyed; while some part of the works can not be repaired till spring. The roof was still burning at half past eleven, while the inside of the works presents a most dismal appearance. Falling rafters, charred timbers, disjointed machinery, enow. Ice, and dirt, al together made an amount oi d'6ria tbit some weeks will bo required to clear away. A portion of the heavy roof fell in with a tre mendous crash, while oar reporterwasthere; and it Is a matter ol congratulation that no body, as far as we could learn, cither fireman or employe has been injured. The loss on buildings, tods, machinery, &c., &c.. Is estimated at two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, on wntch there was an insurance of nearly two hundred thousand dollars, In the following companies : Home, ofNew York - Yonkers cnlaene, of New York l*M52 Market, of New Y0rk...... tQ.OJO Harmony, ol New York - io,wl National, of Boston - g.nco Fclton,ofNewYork..„ ;i 6.O®J New York Fire and Marine, ot NewYoik.. 5.000 North Americas, of Now York.... .. . . 13. WW star, of New York I 5.0T0 Hodman, of New York 5.0U0 North America, of Hartford . 5,000 Insurance Company of North America, of, Philadelphia 15.W0 Manhattan, of New York 10.0-jo Security, of New York 15,000 Irving, oi New York 5,000 Exchange, of New York 5.000 Western, of Buffalo 10.000 a; SCRAP .OF HISTORY. The Senate and tho Appointment*— CT&iMngton In tbe Senate Cnamber. [From the National Intelligencer.] In connection with tho discussion now go ing on as to tbe Executive appointments, a correspondent has given us the fallowing copy of a letter addressed to the conductors of the yaiianal Intelligencer. In 1813, by'Tlr. Lincoln Lear, the son of Mr. Tobias Lear, the friend and private Sccn-tory of Washing ton: “Mzssns. Gaxss «fc Ssatox : I caimot but suspect some error In tbe editorial articles ol your paper of the 10th ins’ant, and if tberr should be. ana it can be corrected by the Journals of tbe Senate, 1 think such correction due to :a Importance as aa historical anecdote. “Solar Irom baring any personal knowledge of those limes to whichltremlet, lam on tbccon- Uory a very yonne mao. 1 suspect the whole, however, must have arisen from the following circumstance: . , „ “From among the nominations madelo toe Sen ate by President Washington, at I believe, the first session of Congress—that of Collector for the port of Charleston was rejected. The President immediately repaired, to the Senate Chamber, and entered, to the astonishment or every one. The Vice President left bis chair and offered It to the President, who accepted U, nr.d then told the Sen ate that be bad come to ask their reason for re jecting bis nomination lor collector, Ac. “Ailermanymlnutes of embarrassing silence. General Green rose and said that as bs had been the perron who haa first objected to the nomina tion, and bad probably been tie cause of Its rejec tion, it was perhaps his edict to speak on this oc casion ; (bat nia personal re-p ct for personal character of General Washington was itV'H that e would Infirm him of hi* grounds for recom mending this rejection, (and be did so) but that be would hare It distinctly •.nderslood to be the sense of the Senate, that no explanation ot incur motive*.or proceedings wa: e*cr dae or wonld ever be given to any Pres.ci'at of tbe United Slates. Upon which the Pn?-deal retired “This anecdote 1 received from one who on loved Crae-ai Washington’s most Intimate friend sb-p. and to whom the his return from the Senate Cnamber, expressed his very creat regret at ever bating gone there. “12tb Jfarch, ISIS." There are some errors iu tho above which tns.v be due to a ikila-c cf memory on tno part of the writer of th»letter, or to mis takes In copying. Thus the name “General Green” is evidently a mistake, there being .$150,1)00