Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 22, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 22, 1866 Page 2
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. Ctylcaga tribune. lAIXY, TRI-WEEKLY A!0) WEEKLY. OFFICE, No. 31 CLARK-ST. These arr three e<tiU9&» of the Tub nr* iwued, Uu -frerr sbohjlbc. tot rfrcalsJfoa by carrtov, newimea and the mall*. T 4. TbeTn-Waxsi.T, Moß&xya, Wed* sesdara and Frida?*, for the isaUa only; ud the W*xm,t, onThomuya, for the m>q t »*j e at our cooeter *ed by newsmen. Term* of the CMc*<© Tribune: X>«Jly deliverer ta the city (per wmO • 93 _** .**„*• *• (per vaafter).... 3.93 Dally, to mall sahaertber* (per ancom, para* bi« in 12,00 iil-WfcklT.(pcf aitoin. nayaMeta *a*aaot) H.OO Weekly, (per aaaum. w»h.e la advance) 2.00 jf fractional part* of the year at the tame itta. pT rer*oa* reainißc and ordoisx lire or more eoptca of mhet the Tri-Wpckiy ©f Weekly editions, may retain tea per cat of the subscription price as a eotnmisslwv None* to ScttfdSßiES.—la ordering the addreu ol year paper* changed, to prevent delaf. ha turn tad apeclry wttat edition you take—Weekly. Tfi-WwUy, or Dally. Al»o, xtveyoarrusxTrand(Utare address. jy Money. l»y Draft. Eipceaa, Wooer order*, orln raaybc*eatatoartl«k. Addreoa, TRIOUXE C«.. Cfaicauro, 111. SATURDAY. DECEMBER* 22, 166 C. inPAUTIAL SUFFRAGE IN H.U- NOIS. Petitions arc In circulation In this city, and in all parts of the State praying the Leg islature to take such steps as will result In an amendment to the State Constitution, that will establish Impartial suffrage In Illi nois. This Is a move In the right direction. The people of Illinois at the last election by a majority of nearly sixty thousand votes de cided in favor ofirapartiai suffrage as a meas ure of National justice and protection, and also decided that the rebels should not be ad mitted to a participation in the affairs of the Government, until they had made Impartial suffrage part of their law. Not only so, but they convinced the leading Democratic news paper that Impartial suffrage was right. How can the people of Illinois refuse that law for themselves which they proffer to others? The amendment to the National Constitution proposes a new basis of apportionment, and the Constitution of tbc State will have, to be modified accord ingly. Impartial suffrage can oply be se cured by making it National. The number of voters hi Illinois that will reapdlrectly the benefits of the enlargement of the franchise, will be t-mall compared with the number io other States, yet there is no reason or argument that can be used fur extending the privilege to the many that r ill not apply with equal force to ex tending It to the few. If impartial suffrage be just, there can he no more propriety In withholding it from two or three hundred men, than from two or three hundred thoa- .-si J men. By all means, then, lot the privi hue of'voting be placed upon an Impartial bash, and the existing unjust discriminations against race and color be abolished. It ha favorite remark by the rebels and their friend*, that the Republican pirty In demanding impartial suffrage at the South, have, iu a majority of the Stales, taken no Mcpg to adopt that rule ilicmsdvce. The re* p roach conluiired in this remark Is not without that force which truth always has. The Slate of Illinois ha? just decided by au un precedented majority in favor of Impartial sufirage a« a basis of representation, while their own Constitution Is just as exclusive on this point as that of North Carolina or Mississippi. Tho Legislature of Illinois is apportioned upon the while basis ; the suf frage is on tlie same basis. The negro in this State U not theoretically nor In feet rep resented in the Legislature At all. A county ullh ten thousand negroes and ten thousand whites, is only entitled to a Representative in the State Legislature fjr her white pop ulation. The negro is practically upon the same grade with the oxen and tho sheep. There* never was any justice in Ibis provision, and the adoption of the amendment to the National Constitution creating the necessity lor a change in the State Constitution, furnishes also an appro priate occasion for obliterating all those dis criminations that hare come down to us from the days of Unman bondage and prop erty in man. The Legislature two years ago repealed the black code which had so long defaced the statute book of the State, and the entire people approved the act: Now let the other discriminations, founded upon the same unjust and oppressive theory, be also abolished. 3t is gratifying to observe that tho Chicago Times approves and urges the adoption of tbe immediate abrogation of the word ‘‘while” as a qualification for voting fa this State. It speaks and speaks truly ol the fact that many of these disfranchised nc groes are large property owner® and tax payers, and yet while they are taxed like nlhnr moh ilanl«Ai>cMtihejnM7re Ulls. faction of being rated politically as any por tion of the human population of the State. When the Democratic Dirty, through its, principal organ, thus points out the opurcs sive injustice of our present law, shall It be said that a single Republican of the State will hesitate as to what Is las duty In the premises 't The Legislature of Illinois wiF, in January next, ratify the proposed amendment to the Constitution «»f the 'United Stale*. Can that body give to that ratification greater force, or Invent it with greater solemnity than by taking the necessary steps to blot out from the State Constitution all potiticil dLscritu- Inal ions between men on account of color, and proclaiming to the t-oomrv that Illi nois does not demand impartial suffrage frem others and withhold it Irom hrr own people ? KE3JOVSLS FUOA OFFICR. In our report of tbe Congressional proceed ings ot Thursday occurs the following : Mr, BCSJOXIV. (Uaa. of Missouri,)moved as amecdnuni to the WV. tbat no or Col team ►ball be edit Jed to any portion of the ealarr pcmloioe Co the office unU he be confirmed by the rcriaie. * Mr. Bi?:«t!A* (Ka<i. ot Ohio) oropo#cd to amend the stan.dtneLt by iddine, “ Except In cases of connmr-ton? to fill vacancire «hlcb may happen, by death or m-isualiou, dtulne-be recess ot the senate. 1 ’ Uc thought it important that Ufa anrn-dmcnl should be adopted. In wider to guard against u-movals upon personal grounds, or for corrupt purpose?. Mr. Randall (CennerLead. of Pennsylvania) ft*k(d if Putideni Lincoln old not, during the w hole term of his Hxiculire ofllcj exercise that power iu the fame roam-er that gcuueuitn now complain# of President jabreoa far cxeiclsmv It t Mr. Discuia—The s’cilenu baa uusaoder f 100*1 me. 1 qualified ray retuaiks by saying re movals for coirnoi purposes, aud wbeu tbe gen tleman arks me a «jnc ß aoa ol that eort he as sumes that 1 have decided myself tba* removals tare been made lor corrupt purposes- I have not cone so. Mr. Kaxpall— ft la not for »be gectiemanfrom Ohio cr anr cue fire to pry into the motives o: either President Uacolo or President Jobuson, bat 1 do a<r ert they occupied exactly tbs game po-itlon lo reference to removal? from office: in other words, that Mr. Lincoln, darias hls’Wrm of office mnored. tn litre mar.t er a? Presiden: John ecu hae rumored, pcnotie from office for pajftictl purpoice. Mr. Bingham’s subsequent rejoinder was evasive and not to the point. The assertion of Randall, that ‘‘President Lincoln and Johnson occupied exactlytbc came position in reference (o removals from office,” Is a manifest falsehood, and he knows it to bo such. President Lincoln, in removing Cop perheads from office, was carrying oat the will of the majority ofthe people. He was acting in accordance with the popular will when he removed opponents and replaced them with members of the governing party. He was instructed by the popular vote to till the offices with the triends auJ supporters of the principles and measures of the Govern ment; and the government of a Republic is the rule of the dominant parly. The mi nority have no right lo rule the majority, or Us members to hold the offices. The Republi can party constitutes an overwhelming ma jority of the voters of the loyal Slates, and it also constitutes a very decided majority of the whole people ofthc Voltcd States, white and colored, loyal and disloyal, aud U likely to continue to be for some time to come, the party of the majority. Andrew Johnson Was elected Vice Brest dent on the same ticket with President Lin coln, by the dominant Republican party. ‘VThat use has be made of bis power ? Hss he “exercised It In the same manner as Presi dent Lincoln did,” by removing Copperheads and enemies of the governing party, and ap pointing supporters of that party and it« measures aud its Ideas f Will Randall assert it? Is it sot a notorious fact that be has turned out and dismissed thousands of competent, honest, worthy Republican officials “ without cause,’* or rather because they were friends and supporter* of the party fn power t Has he not filled their places with Copperheads and others, who ate hostile to the principles und policies of the dominant party ? Has he not attempted to wrest the Government out of the hands of the governing party, and place it in the hands of the-minority? Is he not a traitor to the party at whose hands he holds his office? Ills rather cool on the pari of {Randall to declare that Johnson ‘‘occupies exactly the same position In refer ence to removals that President Lincoln did,” who was true lo the great governing party which made him Chief Magistrate, tad was faithful lo its ideas and policies. Wilke's Spirit of the Timet comes out strongly In support of Hon. lloscoe Conkling ns candidate for Senator of New York. Near ly all the Republican papers of Central New York arc advocating Conkilng’a claims. He is undoubtedly tbc ablest man among all those proposed as candidates for tbe office. He is young, vigorous, bold, radical, a flue epcaker with a commantiiogprcscncc, but at tbe same Ume passe* with many a man of haughty manners and large self-esteem. The great Empire Stale has rot cm mnch of a figure for some years In tbeSenalc, Neither of her present Senators are men of brilliant or profound talents; indeed they arc quite medi ocre. Conklins In point of ability la very superior to cither of them. Since Greeley “played himself £nt" by writing that foolish rebel amnesty letter, Goremor i'enton’. etwees we thought hy his {Honda to be improving. State Senator Folgcr has some backers, and a few of the country papers are talking tn favor ol ex- Judge Davis. Tbc friends of Judge Harris, the present occupant, whoso term expires on the 4th of March, ISCT, hope to elect him as a compromise candlcate. It was in that way he was elected six years ago. Ho Is a fair, anUablc man, about whom little cau be said, pro or con. He has some friends, and very few enemies. * THE TEIOPORAIi VOtVEB OF TUE POPE. Sixteen yean ago, the Sardinian Premier, Msft-lmo D'Arcglfo, gave popularity to the cry of “ Rome for capital and Cavour and his successors hate followed that policy cau tiously and patiently, till now the French man goes home to an inglorious reception, nnd the Government of the Cardinals awaits reconstruction. The person moat In the way is Plo Nino, whoso stereotyped reply to all movements for regeneration h. non pesramus. Two years ago, Pius IY. was thought to be near his reward, and Louis Napoleon sent to the Vatican a couple of mcdlclne-mcn to look at him, who pronounced his physical possi bilities to be one twelve-month. Had not the Pope defied the doctors and overstepped bis term, another pontiff might have proved more tractable. But there he sits, solemn and obstinate. Never before has the papal dynasty laced such an ordeal. There have been exiled Popes, and captive Popes, and antl-Popcs; Popes be sieged in their own palaces, and Popes be sieging free Italian cities; Popes murdering the faithful, aud Popes murdered by the faithful; but never yet has the Papacy been brought to stand before the tribunal ol the free public opinion of its own subjects. Baron Ricasoli, In bis recent" official circular, admirably puts the Issue upon tbc incon sistency of the temporal Papacy with the modern political system which now prevails in Italy. The temporal power must be held by tbc sufferance of the Italian people, or the Pope must rule, Uke the Stuarts, by di vine right, or he must give up the sovereign ty. He cannot obtain the vote of the peo ple, for they are not fond ol his tyranny. Ho cannot hold the throne by divine right, for that claim has fallen into disrepute. Tbc Pope must therefore, climb down from his throne. Eminent fight-seers from all parts of the world have for some time been flocking to I Rome. They are anxious to sec the show. The curious Englishman went every night to sec Van Amburg play with the lion, for he knew tho tamer’s head must be blttcnoffat last, and he would not miss seeing the thing done. We believe the adventurers will ho disappointed. The French troops after much talk and walling for the opinion of Europe, take leave of their ward ; and Vic tor Emanuel has pledged himself not to Interfere aud not allow any one else to do so. But what the Romans may do for themselves we know not. The Italian King will puts garrison over the city to preserve the peace ; and If a too ex citable monk quarrel with a tipsy soldier, »o man can tell what havoc may prevail on the Seven Hills, and what degree of ex continent may spread through the Catholic world. If the Pope were capable to viewing things from the stand-point of an ordinary human being—if he were not wrapped up in an atmosphere of which everything is discolored and distorted to his vision—he would perceive that his temporal power is by no means essential to his spirit ual supremacy in tho most numerous church in Christendom; and be would accept bis late without an unnecessary and fruitless struggle. Tho people of Italy arc entirely willing that the Tope should he infallible, If will desist from worrying them with his kingcraft. WTERRAIi m-;VKSCi£ UKCEIPTS. A Wubliiugton special despatch says: *‘ r . te receipts of internal revonu.- from July 1 i .!: “th of December inclusive, amount to the heavy aggrepato of flsS.Tui,tt£». Vina is at arah:oi .over SWUdMJ per diem, which. If con tinned, would amount to nearly f isj.ooti.ooj for this fiscal year; must l.e made fur the customary reduction of manufacture#, Ac. during the spring months, after the market nas tlockea. A feir esumato has been made, which shows n not extravagant in expect rn agcfcgate for the fiscal year, of ?I*o,oo}.Wj. A j w these ficurcs the receipts from customs and other sources, ana tbe entire revenue of tbo • Govemmuit for the year will probable reach the enormous sum of fjd3.ooft,ocn, tbe wants of the Government beitg hut t230.U00.00J.' 1 And yet. In the face of these extraordinary receipts, the Secretary of the Treasury com plains bitterly of our currency system which yields them, and demands that It be broken down and the country speedily return to the specie basis. .Suppose that all the greenbacks were withdrawn from circulation, amounting (o five hundred and sixty millions, including compounds, and funded into Five-Twouty bonds, and the National Banks were obliged to redeem In coin, how much would be the receipts from internal revenue? Is there any man wild enough to say they would be one- r 1 -*', |W .*''*• Tire */•«—f r*« crotchet of specie redemption and currency contraction Is a scheme which, If carried into practice, will wipe out oue-half of the terenne of the Government, cause wide spread financial disaster, ami make it Impos sible for Congress to repeal a dollar of taxa tion for many years to ownc. By continuing the present legal tender ba sis of currency. Congress can safely rescind all the internal taxes now leviedon woollens, cottons raw and raanufectured, linen, hemp, silk. Iron and steel In all their forms, paints, leather, boots, shoe®, harneass trunks, cloth ing of all kinds, ullllucry and mantua mak ing, hats and caps, cutlery, glass, books, ad vertising, type, presses, ink, sewing m;v-‘ chines, Implement*, ond machinery of all kinds, milling, mining, ship building, taxes on passenger lares, on gas, telegraph des patches, and in short, on every branch of productive Industry ofthe useful and bench, cial sort. Tbe revenue U ao greatly In ex ccss of the wauls of the Treasury that In ternal taxes on domestic manufactures arc no longer required ; and the Income lax can and ought to becut down one hail*. Tire exemption should be raised irom $j(W to SI,OOO, and tho five and fen per cent tax ou income reduced to three and five per cent. Tbe rerenne derived from the tariff on foreign imports, on licenses of all kinds, ftamps, bank lax, whiskey, beer, tobacco, cigars, snuff, matches, plate, pianos, watches aud carriages, am now yiolaing ail abundance of revenue for the support of the Government- Mhy then continue those other excises on production so burdensome, Injurious aud unnecessary ? There will he no real or earnest effort to .retrench expenses and practice economy until the receipts are reduced to something like the absolute wants of the Government. Mi overflowing Treasury tempts to all sorts of extravagance, waste and peculation on the pari ol officials. The people are not anxious to be taxed to death to pay off the Debt; they prefer to rest a while and reeu- perate their energies and strengthen Uteir rosom-ccs. The best and most popular thing Congress can da Is, to reduce taxation to three hundred miUions,and then institute a searching scrutiny Into all kinds of expendi tures, with a view to retrenchment and re* form. THE MOUTH t'AROI.I.VA WHIP. me post. The President sustains the whipping port. We have already noticed the tact that the rebel Government of Xorth Carolina has en acted a law making- a public whipping the penalty of certain minor offences ; that Gen ciwl Sickles issued an order prohibiting the Icfiiction of corporeal punishment by the courts, and that the so-called Legislature of North Carolina forthwith sent a delegation to Washington to confer with Johnson and get him to let North Carolina have her whip ping post and enjoy it unmolested. Cover nor Worth was at the bead of the delegation which went out on this humane and enlight ened mission. The President, as might have been expected, very promptly set aside Gen eral Sickles’ order and reinstated the whip ping post in all Its glory- North Carolina is in a fever of joyful excitement; she has won a great victory over the “Yankees,” and can now wallop her “niggers” with as little re straint as before the war. It seems that Colonel Bramford Interfered and prevented the whipping of a negro at Raleigh on Thursday. That was before he had learned that A. J. was In favor of the fiogging. Judge Towle directed the indict ment of the Colonel and all other military officers concerned In the interference, and the despatch triumphantly announces that “ the negro will be whipped to-day." Thns will the majesty of Andrew Johnson be vin dicated; thns win the world witness that North Carolina is a sovereign State. The Governor has' been called on to carry out the iaw; but whether he la to do the flogging with his own band is not stated. Is it not time for Congress to Interfere and show these barbarians that there U a power greater thtm Andrew Johnson f It la pretended that this law applies to white men as well as Week men. Bat while It makes no distinction lo its terms, it was intended for the blacks only, and is executed upon them only. ST Tbc telegraph Informs ns that the Leg islature of South Carolina baa rejected tbe Constitutional Amendment by a vote of 95 to 10. We believe that Sodom and Gomor rah would have escaped destruction could there have been ten Just men found In tbeir population. Sooth Carolina baa that number, and shows that she la sot so badly off as the ancient cities mentioned. Thirty days ago tbc amendment woald not have received a vole In tbe Legislature. Time has worked a change of nearly ten per cent, and before that Legislature adjourns perhaps that per centage may Increase sufficiently to enable the amendment to be ratified. E5?~ Elsewhere we print tbc proceedings of a very remarkable meeting, held at Nor mal, Illinois, at which a petition was drawn up praying the Legislature to forever abol ish the liquor traffic in that town. Tbe pc fitlon was subsequently signed by every in. habitant of the town. The whole history of the temperance reform In this country prob ably cannot show such a remarkable event or such perfect unanimity la securing a de sired result. Henceforth Normal will be a bright spot, and temperance and education will go hand In hand within her borders. Wc congratulate the people of this little practical Utopia. WOOL, and WOOLLBNS, The wool men complain that the South Americans sell wool so cheap that even in the face of a fitly percent gold duty they arc forcing their stuff upon ns, and thereby taking the bread out of our mouths. The argument of the wool men would be much stronger if the South Americans should pro pose to give us their wool for nothing. In that caso we should all starve to death im mediately ! The woollen manuiacturcrs arc Joining in the lamentation, and the New York Tribune gives venttolho most touching ap peals for prohibitory duties on cloth, alleging that we shall all likewise perish unless wc can get a law passed to make our coats and blan kets dearer. If England, France and Germany should take 11 Into their beads to give us our coats and blankets for nothing, wc should, by the same reasoning, have a worse famine in this country than they ever had in Ireland. tS7“A paragraph was published in our columns a day or two since, among a number of “Political” items, to the effect that Sen ator Foster was to receive a foreign mis sion in return for Itia vote on some pending measure in the Senate. The paragraph was dipped from some eastern paper. We have no Idea that Senator Foster’s vote can be bought for or against any measure. The complaint against him la that be Is altogether 100 unapproachable, and that he abides in too cold an atmosphere to be popular. He Is about tbc la*t man In Congress whom wc should doom It possible to influence by any Improper consideration. Supreme Court on too Knight* ol the Golden Circle. The following is the article In the Wash ington reflecting on the decision of the majority of the Supreme Court la rela tion to the Indiana conspirators, who were tried, convicted, and sentenced by a Military Commission for traitorous practices. The decision has created great exultation among the rebels in Washington. Their organ, the Intelligencer , claims, almost in terms, that under this decision the earnest men of the Republic are to bo punished for their efforts ngainst the traitors. Unless Congress Inter venes, suits will be everywhere brought against those who took part in military trials, &c. There Is, however, veryTUUo doubt that Congress will take prompt ac tion. The five Judges in the majority were Grier, Nelson, Clifford, Davis, and Field. The dis senting Judges were Chlct Justice Chose, Miller, Wayne, nod Swayno. Tho comments of the Chronicle are as fol lows : “tub arpoxarc conn- xxn tub ‘ambbica* KXmOTSy* SUiS * KNIGHTS or TUB GOLDEN “ On Monday, by a majority of one, the Supreme Court, In the case of ex-narle Milligan, declared the prisoner's trial Ulepal and bis cosmcUon in operative, and ordered his release. “ It may be proper to stale that MUUgan wa* a prominent leaner among the ‘American Knights, 1 or * Knight# of the Oolaen Circle, 1 and it was lor traitorous practice* In aid of tho public cnemv in toe state of Indiana, wnen that State was the theatre of the war, that he was arraigned and condemned, hr a ml Itary commission, on the luiim Moot of his gnlit. Ills death sealoac-- was approved by General Uovey, who convened the court, and by General Hooker, commander of the department, and, in April, iSds, wsa or dered to oo earned Into execution by President Johnson, who, however, subsequently commuted It to imprisonment for tile. The Supreme Court now bolds ail the pioeeedinzs against Ulm to bare beer, null and void, on the ground that military coinmitsions, wherever or however constituted, are nucot-atiiutlonal nnd without color ol law to gopp'-rt them. •*We retrain from any detailed criticism on this momentous decision nnul It shall have been pob 1j tea m tali. Wc cannot, however, avoid rsyice nuw (bat is 1U scope, as reported, ll can scarcely tail to shock the sensibilities and provoke ihe se vere rcb:iKe of loyal men everywhere. The exul tation of the JnUH\Q*nc*r over 1: wifi awaken a jutiU-mt echo throughout rebeldom, and the hearts of traitors will bo made glad by the announcement that treason, vanquished upon tbe haul -field, and hunted fiom every other retreat, Acs at last found o *<j%re shelter in the boson of the supreme Court. “The military commission tuna dcromiced as a usurpation, has exMcd aa a legitimate instrameu tality in the bancs of too war-making power from thytonnoafionof the Government; it has again and again been recogulxcd bj Congress, composed of (he greatest statesmen, jurists and patriot* of the nation, anti bas been constantly employed by all oar most Illustrious Geaeraia *aa a potent agency for Che suppression of the rebellion. President Lincoln, himself an able law« cr, and, as Chief Magistrate, most carcfnl of human life, confirmed and cxcctncd the death sentences of ibis tribunal in nmoherici® cases Vet we arc now told that all this array of learning and patriotism, and experience and loyalty, which has given unhesitating support to the military commission, is to be held for naught in the presence of a single voice of tte supreme Court, ihe bravest, trurat and wisest mcnof tho land, who hare used this tribunal in detente of the national life, are thus branded at tclons, and vie arc now told that the real ctiuu jls of tho war were not the tral'ots, spies, gualilas and assaults tried, but the patriots who med them.' Ibis extraordinary decision Will doubtlesi receive the attention of Congress at an early day.*’ Waslibnrue’s Tclexrapb Bill. On Friday last Hon. E. B. Washburnc, of construction of a Government telegraph line from Washington to New York City: A Rill lor tho construction of a Government Tel egraph from Washington to New York City. ' iifit £r.acrrd, fIC.: Tail the* Postmaster Ocas oral Is hereby authorized and directed to eon nrnrt ® telegraph Hoc from the dir of Washim*- too to toe city of Ntrw York, and the said tele graph bac is hereby declared to he a mall line, audio t* mujoct to oil existing laws. In nlalton to mall rentes in the United mates so tar as the simt may be applicable, aud tbe said Postmaster Ge-era! #anb have power and antbority to cstab- H.h the accessary office* tor tho use of raid Ims, and shall have antbority and power to procure ati nr» cs-aty rooms lor offices, and to procure a suffi cient mother of *cci.ts ana operators to operate ta d line of telegraph. hue ‘f That no meetase shall bo sent over said lire Kmc## übe stamped with a three cent post age atatup: and there shall be a uniform rats for the traasmi *{oii of messages, wit boat retard to dlilanecs, of Half a cen'fvr eaeA won/, except for tbe odd woniot any mas.rago there shall he no cbvrp«-; but no message shall be sent for a less torn than ten Cents, ard there shall be ebanred two cent# for the delivery of esch and i very mes sage; -ProtldfJ, that tbe Government ebsllhe «□- Utica to send and receive all its messages over said line free Of charge, and shall have priority In rename all mresagre. ' Sic- A That wc sum of StOO.OOO la hereby ap propriated out of jmy money m tba treasury not olhi-rwi-e appropriated tor the purpose of carry ing out the provision! of this art- Referred to the Committee on Post Office# and Post Roads. On the same day that Mr. Washburnc In trcdaccd his bill, Mr. Kasson, of lowa, In troduced a similar bill, the substance of which Is as follows: Section one of tbe bill provides that between the •H of February and the first or May, 1557, the rOfttuaslci General aball adverting luoae paper, i" f“ h , « r . Mw cities or U'athltigton, B -lilmore’ I autftelphfa, New tort. New Haven anu Boston, oruporals for ihe constiuctlon of a te)&»raplj line from tbo lost Office riepartmen* la VYaiSiuclnn to Ikwton. by way ol Baltimore. Philadelphia, New \oru. New Haven and J'prfncdclii. Action two uiovidca that proposals m«y he separately received forma wire, tbs polos, the Irvulatur#, Ac., prior to the first Monday ol August, Svriioo three provide? for iti>* consideration bj tbc Postmaster General of the piopoeltioas of ex- Uurc lire? for (be sale of (heir on ire »oc«. frectJoo three provides for ine acceptance oHiirt*. heclJoti four urovioe* that the contract for Hie construction of a line telegraph sbait provide (or M toast ten line* of telegraph wire alone theeutire ronio; (be work to be oUhe bee*, kind, and to be accepted when examined and approved bv gone oaic**r of (be anny detailed rhcreJbr. bectioa eix auinorlzoajtbc Poitmawer General to establish muons at as many Post Office* oo said line a* in bis juunnent may Be uecv«arv. bcction seven pro\l les for (be nro of the line by (hepobiicat rare* to be greatly reduced on the present land; and mattes tie system port of the postal management, using Post Offices and their employes. Sir. Aahleris Resolution. In the report of Monday’s proceedings au error occurred in reference to the action upon Mr. Asliley’s resolution for tbe ap{>oiotment of a select committee, lo inquire whether any officer of (he United States had been guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors. The resolution was not received, two-thirds of the House not having voted to suspend the rules to allow it to be Introduced. On the question of suspending the rules, the vote was as follows: T-as— Messrs. Alley, Allison, Anderson, Aracll, D. U. Ashley, J. 51. Ashley. Baker, Baldwin, Dank*. Barber, Baxter. Benjamin, BiijireJl, Blog, ham. Blow, Bout well, Brandecee, Bromall. Buck land. Bandy. Reader W. Clark. Sidney Clark, CoM>, CoukUop, CttUom, Dixon, Briggs, Eckler. yarn*worth, Fnrquhar, Ferry. Fairfield, Onnaefl- Abner C. Harding, Hart, Hawkius, Hayes, Hen derson. HliL Holmes. Hotchkiss, Dcma«nubh*rd, John BL|flubb*rd, lagcrsoll, Julias, KePey, Kel, so, Roosts, Kuykendall, lAfilnTWilUam Law revee, Lougf«r, lynch, Maraton, Marvin, Mc- Clure. McTodoc, McKee, Mcßuer. Mercur* Morrill, Moulton, Myers, O'Neill. Orth- Fkine, Pattcr-on, Prrham, Pike, Pom e ror. Price, William D. Randall, Scbenck. Scho, field. Slots, Stevens, Francis Thomas, Trow bridge, I peon. Van Aematn, Ban Van Hors. P. T. Van Bora, E. B. Washbarue, Welker, Went worth, William*. J. T, WKson and Window—S3. Aoya—Messrs. Ames, Ancona, Bergen, Boyer, Campbell, Chanter, Cooper, Dawes, Defiees, Dctmng. Dcajon, Dodge, Eidridge, Ptnck. Gloeshnaraer, Hale, Aaron Hardlnp. Hogan. Chester D. Hnbhard, K. L. HubbeUrHooter, Eerr, Lwham, Leßlond, leftiHlcb, Mar- Mb’atk, NtchoUon. Noe\s, J. naaflall, Raymond Rogers, Ross, Shink- Rn,Sifgreavee,bpalding. Stokea. Stroase, Thber. Taylor, ThomwaT A. H. Ward,Warner.and Whaley—l9. ineCnlioeh’a Financial policy. lmuni.t, Schuyler Ceualy. HI, I December l&JO. ( Editors Chicago Tribose; ' I have been mnch pleased In reading your articles on Sccrctarr MeCnlloch’s misman agement of the national finances, I hope you will continue yonr labors In that direc tion until the people arc fnllv assured that Congress will not endorse the destructive policy of the Secretary. There is not now next to the get tlemcnt of our difficulties with the Sonth, a more Important question than that of national finance, and should the Sec retary’s policy be adopted, the nation would soon reach a “financial perdition,” sure enough. A little more grape. If yon please. Into Sir Secretary. Toots trnly. - J, D. W, The Irooildw-Btr Destruction Com* piece* Tbe Philadelphia Ledger of Tuesday says ; She was towed to the shore, nearly at the foot of Broad street, ab< nt eight o'clock on Sunday evening, and when her bow struck bottom, tbe stem sank in tbe water, and. of course, tbc -fire was then extingulaned. About ten feet of her bow can be seen at high water, while the other part of tbe res sel is entirely submerged. The work of get ting hei to the shore was done under tbc supervision of Captain McComb, who in termed us that the men labored under great difficulties in consequence of tbe Intense Lent from tbe homing vessel. Nothing now remains of this famous vessel but a portion of her blackened and charred hull and her machinery in a ruined state. It la supposed hy officers at tbe Navy Yard that there is hut little about tbe vessel now worth saving, except to be sold m old iron and copper, i TUB UNITED STATES IDPBBfIE COURT BEpOBTS. CARES ARGUED AND ADJUDGED IN TUE SUPREME COURT OF TUS UNITED STATES. December Term. 188*. Resorted by John William Wallace. Vol. 111. Washloeton. D. C.: W. H. and O. a Morrison, ism! U U announced that the Supreme Court of the United States has prohibited the report ing of Ue decisions In short-hand, at the time of their delivery. The object of the prohi bition, doubtless, Is to pnreat Inaccurate reports, and misapprehension as to the ex act points involved and settled. The Judges prefect© write out their decisions, or atleast revise them carefully before they go into the hands of the profession or become public. At the same time It will be matter of regret If the profession la deprived of early informa tion of the cases determined fn this high | tribunal. It is a question whether the ofU» incurred will not be greater than those avoid ed by the enforcement of the rule. The profession must content themselves, It would seem, to await the appearance of the annual volume of John William Wallace. The proepect la not very inviting. Johu William Wallace has Ideas of bis own in re gard to the duties of a Court reporter, and they arc quite different from tho»e enter tained by bis predecessors. We shall search In vain, from Ist Dallas down through 2d Black, to find any such reports as John Wil liam Wallace supplies. Wc donbt whether the hooka furnish any parallel for these ex traordinary productions. Freeman, the re porter of our Slate Supreme Court, is ambi tious to produce many and bulky volumes, and, to achieve his purpose, elves us bric/s and other trash, that would scarcely Instruct the youngest disciple of Blackstonc. Bat Wallace’s aspirations arc of a more exalted nature. To him the mere statement of the facts and the points involved Is as weary, stale, flat and unprofitable as this world was to Ham let. The law Is doobtless a good thing, and it Is Important to the profession to know wh&t points are determined ; but Wallace Is of opinion that when he gives this informa tion he has not done half bis duty. He must keep the lawyers “ posted” in geogra phy ; he must give numerous diagrams and maps of machinery, streets and cities. In fart, his volumes would make quite pretty “ picture books” for the holidays. He most give biographical sketches of the parties litigant; he must “show up” the doings of the War Department, and give the world to understand, by sly Innuendo, that if the whole truth were known, certain Sena tors would be convicted of dishonest prac tices. He must discourse on ancient cathe dral cities, and the business habits of great wine-growers in France. Above all, he must show that John William Wallace Is a poet, scholar and philosopher; and this he does by writlcg in a style which seems to have been attained by a careful study and imitation of G. P. B. James’ solitary horseman and the sensation reports of the New York Herald. Poor, plain Wheaton and Peters and Howard, who confined themselves to unvarnished and pro fessional narration and statement, arc com pletely eclipsed by this new light in the legal heavens. Let ns see how he begins bis statement of the Fasset case (3 Wallace. * “ About fifteen miles from the southern end of the Bay of tan Francisco. and separated from it byirregmsr mountain slopes, lies a vale,called Canada de tot CapirancUlos. or Valley of the Utile Caputas. The northern limit of mis val ley Is an elevation called the PuehU Hills; hills plctmc«que cnottcU; with nothing else, however, as vet, specially to mark them. Descending or turning itese, the traveller is In the valo.” We doubt whether Sylvanus Cobb, Jr., or Emerson Bennett, who write for the Ledger^ , could find a more superb beginning for a tale. The reader, if he were not perusing a law book, would certainly listen to catch the clatter of hoofs, expecting the solitary horse man to approach, turning one of those moun tain slopes aud dashing Into “the vale,” in search of a sweetheart or of revenge, it was not enough that Jobli-William Wallace should show himself equal to Cobb or Xcd Buntlino in the line of the descriptive, he must show also that he is fa miliar with Mexican legends, in a refer ence at the bottom of the page, wc And that: “According to tbe Mexican traditions, the valley was occupied In early days by two Indians, of very diminutive stature, whose bravery, however, was so noted that each was the chief of his tribe. The name of ‘LittleCaptains 1 came from them.” Think of that, gentlemen of the bar 1 . Ton have been accustomed to look at a reporter’s references only to point you to dry law cases. In elucidation of a point; but all this is at an end. Wallace leads as into pleasant places; Into romantic vales surrounded by mountain slopes, and instead of pointing us to tbo dull syllabus of a doll ease, gives Jus a glimpse of two small Indian captains. Who shall say that John William Wallace has cot founded a school of reporting as different from all others, os Bacon’s philoso phy is from Plato’s *—as different, In fatal, m tbo back of his volumes, adorned with a «. CvUtn a"* unadorned back of every volume published by his predecessors ? Tho extract we hove given is only the beginning Of a description of several pages, equally legal in style. On the fourth page wc arc made acquainted with “ an old Mexican Sergeant, Don Jose Reyes Berreyesa,” who “ fixed himself, about 1534, by leave of Governor Flgnrcro.” In what particular manner Ser geant Jose “ fixed hlmselt” Is not stated. U may have been to a tree with a rope ; but It would appear that such was not the fact, since further on wc are told that he “built a house;" and It Is therclorc certain that If he old attempt sui cide by permission of tho Governor, he felled in bis laudable undertaking. A good illustration of tho peculiarities that distinguish Wallace’s reports, Is found in bis statement ofthe case of tho Providence Tool Company vs. Norris, (2 Wallace, 45.) In IS6I the Providence Tool Company made a contract with the Government to de liver twenty-five thousand muskets of a specified pattern, at the rale of S3O a musket. This contract was procured through the exertions of Norris, upon a pre vious agreement that If he should obtain a contract of this kind, he should receive com pensation for his services proportionate to its extent. Sorris claimed 175.000, the difference between the contract price and seventeen dollars a musket. The Too! Company re fused to pay the amount demanded, and*said It had only promised liberal compensation. Norris brought suit, and in the lower court obtained judgment for *18.500. The Tool Company appealed, and the Supreme Court bold that the contract was against public policy and could not be en forced by the Courts. Now, in slating this case Mr. Wallace is by no means content wllh setting forth the facts ; he must needs give us a biographical sketch of NorrU him self, and an account of his negotiations at Washington. A whole page is devoted to these topics. We qaotc, giving the Italics as we find them ; “Norris bhnselt, it appeared, thongh not baring any imputation ou bis moral character, was a pe»soa who bad led a somewhat miscellaneous rortrf* Ufc, la Europe sr.d A*rer|ca. Soon after ibe rebellion broke out, be found Himself lo Washington. He wa< tiere without an? speaal purpose, but, as he stated, with a view of “mak ing business—anything generally“soliciting acquaintance?: “gettme letter*;’* “getting an once,' ic. girding that the Government war in need of arms to suppress the rebellion, which had now become organised. he applied to the Providence Tool company, already men tioned, to see it they wanted a job. and nude the conticgent sort of contract »jth them just referred to. He (bet set himself to work at what be called “ concentrat ing influence at the War Departmentthat f« to *xy, lo getting letters from people who might be supposed to Save influence with Mr. Cameron, at that time Secretary of War, recommending nto sodbts ol.jeers. Among other means, Le applied lo the Rhode Island tfenstors, Messrs. Anthony and Simmons, with whom ho had got acquainted. tn the WarOfficu Mt.AnthoQT declined to go; stating that since he had been a Senator be had been applied to some bun dmi tines in like manner, and bad inwnablv declined; thinking it db cndliablc to any Senator to intermeddle wUh (he ocain<t« of the department. •* You will certainly not decline to go with m® to the Secretary, and to state that the Providence Tool Company is a re ” I will give yooc note.” fv W i* • AaUl ? a y- “I do not want a noit," was ffi* tvply : r 1 tbc weight of your presence ‘Well, said Mr. Anthony, "go to S\mmom." By one means and another, Kerris got Influential introduction to Mr. Secretary Cameron, and got the contract, a very profitable one; the Secretary, whom, on leaving, be warmly thanked, hoping he would make a meat deal of money out of u.” Any attempt to criticise the above extract wonid be snperflnons. It is wholly beneath criticism. Nothing could be worse. Wal lace “ does np ” bis case in the preciscstyle that one of Beunett’a reporters wonid “do up ” a murder, a fire, or a divorce suit. He Insinuates that one Senator Is dishonest, and “ puffs” another one by name, and by no means spares the then Secretary of War, whom be names twice. One more extract, a vary extraordinary extract, and ire trill end onr quotation*. It la from, Wallace's latest, we wish we could say last—the case entitled Cliqoot’a Cham* pacne (S Wallace, 114). The revenue officers at San Francisco adzed a quantity of CH quot’s wine, and it was confiscated by decree of the United States District Court, on the ground that it bad been lalsely Invoiced be low the market price, contrary to the statute. Tbc casa came up on appeal of the claimants, and Wallace begins bis statement of It aa follows: •• As 1« generally known, chsntpacne wine it rlres from France in Urge quantities iato tbe United States. Pone of It ts ‘fajporu.d,’ tint is to ««y, persons here purehaseit to France and hire u brought b««. Large quantities, bowerrr, are sent here by tbe uaimbcxsrers of the wine, resi dent in Ftsccc. The wine itself—ibe an cleat province of Champagne—is a small district in the northeast of France, of which t&e indent, decay, d sod deserted cathedral city of Itheims— lyicg to the tise ot the great ihofonrUtare ot travel from Parts to Stnubhurg—U the capital. The region is largely owned by particular cyw uf, Mo«t and Mi psnner, Cfcaudoa; Mnmm, ucldrjck, Jsqneson. and the Orally of Cliqnot: “<**«« whom reside about here, but who, with all the leading champagne manufacturers, hare arcades in Paris; troy themselves cot commonfr atirnoin? to deiatle of the ‘commerce r'nhooch, peihapf, respondloc—some of them-from die spot to communication* addressed to them on the subject of their wine*; referring also some times to their agents at Parts or abroad. Different msnalsctarers supply discreet countries. Eocene LUqoot set ding large quantities to the United Slates. Jaqneroc to BuaaU; different connirfcj haring different tastes,' A lawyer was once arguing a case la the presence of John Marshall, and assuming tbit every point oflaw inolved was new to (be Court, gave ftiUexpiaiailons of (be aim pleat propositions. The (blof Justice finally Interrupted him with the remark that there were some thing* which he Supreme Court of the United State* rcre supposed to know. Wallace should te reminded that there are some things th> profession la sup posed to know, and that wen If lawyers are Sometime* Ignorant, It hno more his busi ness to instruct them la geography than to amuse (hem with gossip ajont the CUquota. the Jaquesons, or the Chandon*. Hr. Wallace Is tie seventh re porter of the decision* of the Supremo Court, and most of his predecessors hare been distinguished for ,thc faithful and strictly professional chancier of their re ports. Wallace was applnted in 1863. In a long, tedious and ioauferably egotistical preface to his first rolnne, he says that on the day ofhisappotntmert, “ being in a very private station, and tagged In studkt hav ing but flight rtlathn* (o Mi fete, he was grati fied, quite unexpectedly U himself; by an In vitation from* the Supreme Court of the United Slates, to berome the reporter of the decisions of that august tri bunal. An Invitation thw flattering, it was not easy to resist.*’ Unfortunately Hr. Wal lace did not resist. Wbattbosc studies were in which he was engaged and from which he was taken as Ciuciusatua was from his plow, we are not Infomcd ; but we may readily believe him whet he says they had but slight relation to tiu law. We have not the honor of knowing anything about Hr. Wallace except what he tells us In his preface, but judging him solely by his re ports we question whether he ever read law at all. .Whethir he has or his not, the extracts wc have given amply establish his utter unfitness for the place. If the Supreme Court is determined to prevent short-hand reports, and compel us to wait for the official volume, let It at least give ns a work that will not he the laughing-stock ot the profession, and a disgrace to the tri bunal from which it emanates. FROM WASHINGTON. Tlie Blindness of Slavery and Her Followers. THo Sure Itcaull of Southern Obstinacy —The Sign oftho Hour—Probable Ac tion on the North Carolina Hill-How too President will be kept from Temp tation—Su marie, the Informer of hnrratt—llls History and Connection with the Conspiracy. [From Oar Own Correspondent.] Wasbototok, December IS. 18 >3. I think there never was any other institu tion of earth so blind as slavery. She never could see the signs of the hour—never coaid read the Inscription on the flaming banners oflibcrty. The story of the rebellion Is only the story of her blindness. She scornfully refused to believe the voice of oar cannon; and, at last, lost her life while protesting that she was of Divine origin, and declaring that no one, and least of all a Yankee, had a right to kill her. TUE COMING EVENT, The people who loved and nursed slavery are just as blind to-day as they were font years ago. The war teams to bare taught them nothing. They prate of their rights after the manner of the old days, and de nounce all who assert »tbat they have only such rights as the conqueror chooses to give them. How can they be so stupid? They shame our common humanity. They con sider it smart to reject the Constitutional Amendment, and utterly close their eyes to the consequences of such action. They seem utterly unable to observe that the world moves—that man’s dead self of yester day Is the stepping-stone of to-morrow. 1 wonder If they will find any lesson In the passage of this District Suffrage Bill. 1 suppose not. They are fated to bring ua up to the platform of the Declaration of Inde pendence In spite of ourselves. Last winter the Senate couldn’t carry a suffrage bill with ac educational qualification. This year It carries universal suffrage and rebel disfran chisement with great case. Yet the old adorers of slavery will not see the meaning of these two tsets—they will go on and re ject the Constitutional Amendment, as usual, and finally drift into a territorial con dition, with negro suffrage! That end Is just as sore as sunlight. I wonder they can't understand. We don’t want to sot up Territories on the ruins of these old States ; lam very sure that Congress don’t want to regulate the franchise In the States; lam quite certain that four-fifths of our leading men dread to again take up the reconstruc tion question. But to this complexion it must come at last. The Koith Carolina the index finger of the session. I don't believe action on it will be pressed before the first week In February under any circumstances now probable. I think it wQI not be acted on iat all In the Senate at this session. That the of March next Is os certain as anything un certain well can be. That Southern politi cians will keep on In the course they arc now running seems also certain. These conditions being granted, I add that I believe one of the Jlrtt pieces of vork the new Congress undertakes trill be the enactment of such a law as is shadow td forth in the Xorth Carolina Bid. SBTTUiO THE OU.IKU. The District Suffrage Bill will remain Is the hands of the Senate Committee on En rolled Bills for the next twelve days. It was learned from the conversation of the Prcsi Idcut’s friends that he had spoken of killing U hy indirection. The Constitution gives him ten days for the consideration of any measure. At most hut seven days intervened between the date of the passage of this hill and the time fixed fur the holiday recess ad journment. It is not believed by onr friends that the adjournment on Thursday next Is in any sense such an adjournment as the Con stitution contemplates; and they, of course, bdlicvc that tbo ten days’ limitation would not expire till three or four days after the end of the recess. Finding, how. ever, that the President might raise the question, might hold that it ex : P’wed in the middle of the rcecas—in which event he could kill the bill by non-action— it was determined to keep temptation out of his way by withholding the measure till Congress reassembles after the recess. This course Is not usual, but there Is no rea son why it should not be pursued, beyond the fact that It displeases tbe opponents of the bill, and indicates that Andrew Johnson Is now classed with men whom It Is necessa ry to treat as guilty till they prove them selves innocent. THE SCHIUTT ISFOBHEH3. The cable gives us, from Rome, the name ofthe person through whose Instrumentality the arrest of John H. Surratt was effected. Jt is St. Marie. This Individual was heard of frequently, during the assassination trial .- and 1 am confident he can tell us something of importance regarding the earlier stages of the conspiracy if he chooses. He and the witness, Louis J. Wclchmann, were very Intimate for a time; and my own theory of the matter Is that both these persons were, to a considerable degree, accessory before tbe feet to the abduction plot—for "that the forcible abduction of Mr. Lincoln was all that Booth and bis associates originally con templated is, 1 think, no longer a matter of of donbt. lam of the opinion that neither of them had prior knowledge that assaying tion had been determined upon, though it seems ts If Weichmann must have known that Booth and Surratt had it la their thoughts and possibilities. Had Mrs, Surratt’s counsel been equal to the task, they would have given Judge Bingham and witness Weichmaan very serious trouble about the latter’s rela tions with St. Marie. It was one ofthe points where ho conld bo “touched on the raw,'' and no one who was present daring the trial can forget how instinctively he turned for relief toward Mr. Bingham whenever Aikea asked him about St. Mario. Xam very posi tive that something In their relations to each other, or to Surratt and Booth, wonld not then and there have borne exposure. St. Marie was one of the shadowy and mysterious persona who boarded at Mr*. Surratt's in the early part of 1804, If I now recollect aright. John Surratt and Welch rnann made hla acquaintance, as the tele pram eays, at EUangowun, but In 1565, instead of “ six months before the close of the war.” He was teaching there at that time; and afterwards, I believe, acted as a tntor in a Catholic school here with Welch mann fora brief period. He seems to hare been of an adventurous spirit, without any special love for either secession or Unionism. His Intimacy with the Surratt circle appears to hare determined him topo Sooth, whether for pain or adventure I know not. He pot thronph the lines by catering onr army—“ I straggled In the first marches and was picked np by Stuart’s cavalry,” he ears, now. This was a common device of the Maryland and Washington spmpatblrcrs. That he went' South for advantage, rather than from fellowship with the rebels, Is indicated by the &ct that be suffered a considerable im prisonment at their hands ; and that he was willing to appear to sympathise -with them. Is Indicated by the fact that he betrayed cer. tain Union prisoner* who were about es caping from Castle Thunder. The Intimacy between this person and Wclchmann ap. pear* lo have been kept np by occasional correspondence till the winter of IS&4-65, and perhaps tUI a later period even, than that. No attempt was made In the trial to show what finally became ot him, for ho was, as I have already said, one of those numerous badoirs of the Surratt house about which it was difficult to get any tangible lufor xuation. The cable story about jealousy, &e- f 1 think is mere bosh. Surratt had been very attentive to a Miss H*ard, of this city, and probably expected some time to marry her, though I don’t believe they were technically ” engaged.” There wasn’t a syllable of evl. dence going to show that St. Marie had ever so much as met this Udy. Indeed, his rela lions were wHhWelchmann rather than with Surratt; and I most, as now advised, believe that the hint of a mutual attachment Is a mere blind to cover St. Marie’s real motive for revealing the Identity and whereabouts of Surratt. Israel, THE SOUTHLBU ILLINOIS FBUIT GROWERS' ASSOCIATION. laimstlag Dbcmrioii on Use Apple Usl-The Ben. fl>avta Argued—The Cnrcnllo Mid Site Apple. {Correspondence Chicago Tribune.] GoBDXit, December IS, ISC6. The Southern Illinois Fruit-Growers’ As sociation met to-day in this town at 3 o’clock p. m., and was called to order by Parker Earle. lie stated the object of the meeting In a few words. He Informed the Society that be bad official Information from the officers of the Illinois Central Railroad that a special fruit train would be run daring the next fruit season; that It would run on fast time, and for the special benefit of Irnlt* growers in Illinois. The Cbalr then appointed a committee of five to provide slopping places in the town for the gentlemen In attendance on the meeting. The Society took dp the apple list, begin, nmg with the Red Astrachan. Mr. Baker said It was a good apple. Those that had been root-grafted hare were sparse bearers; the lop-grafted ones were good bearers. The latter bore him from two to three bushels each, while the former boro not more than a peck. Mr. Clark spoke to the same effect. Hr. Essex, of Rock Island County, said they were full bearers with him everv other year. They ripen suddenly, and area irood market apple. The top-grafted apple bore every year, while the others did not. Mr. iVHgus had not had much experience with the apple. He had but two or three trees, but they astonished him with prolific bearing. They ripened by degrees, and were good for shipping because they did not ail ripen at once. Mr. Jones had twenty-five trees; but they were shy bearers with him. The trees were young, and would perhaps do better when they became older. Alibis trees, too were root grafted. The Secretary road the apple list of the Society as follows : Early Harvest, Red, As trachan. Caroline. Red June. Am. Summer Fcarmaiu. Keswick, Codlln. Rambo. Buck ingham, Yellow BcUflour, Ben Davis, Wine Sap, Hawlcf Jcnct, While winter Fermain, A gentlemen moved to strike Ben. Davis off the list. A number of persons supported the motion, mainly on the ground that the Ben. Davis would not keep late. Mr. Baker Was opposed to it. He had seen it raised in the neighborhood and it wasgood. Ue thought the dissatisfaction about the Ben • Davis resulted from fruit growers getting the wrong tree from the nurserymen. Mr. Wilgus, of Rlcbvicw, spoke favorably of the apple, and said it was a decided favorite in hi*> quarter. He hojted it would not be discarded. Mr. Spaulding bad seen It in Michigan,and It was a long keeper. Mr. Jones thought the Socletv were taking a wrong step In discarding the Ben. Davis. There was a great deal of money in It. Mr. Musson e*poke favorably as to the mar ketable qualities of the Ben. Davis, bat did not like the apple, for U was not a good va riety. It was showy, bnt not good. Mr. Brooks, of Anns, *ks opposed to the Ben. Davis, for he believed U attracted the curcuilo marc than any other variety. Mr. Clark, of Cobdcn, did not consider U the best apple, but It was a good eating an pic, at least bis children thought so. He would recommend It being struck from the list for the southern part of the district, but not for the northern. . Mr. Rflry bad never heard of the curculio infesting the apple before, and if It were true ho would like to know it. Mr. Brooks replied that be had found the curculio ou the apple. Two Years ago his poach crop failed, and he found his crab ap ides badly slung by the Insect. He drew the inference that the curculio, having no poaches to work on, did the next beat thing it could—took the apples. Other gentlemen spoke to the same effect, and stated the additional fact that they had the larrm of the curculio iu the pear. Mr. Jones said that the insect that stung the apple was not the curculio, but another Insect, lie Lad this from the distinguished entomologist Mr, Benjamin D. Walsh. In relation to packing apples, which had been

alluded to In connection with the Ben. Davis, he said that he packed his In barrels In the orchard ou o«c occasion ; ther went through a sweat, and all rotted. Ifc thought that should not be laid at the door of the apple, but to the manner of packing. The same ajiple, packed In other ways, kepi well till The question of striking out Ben. Davis was finally laid over till to-morrow. The meeting adjourned till to-morrow at ten o'clock a. m. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE. Burning of the New Bowery Tbeatre— The Bnildlnir Completely Dotroynh iFiotn ibo New York World, December IV. 1 It would seem that the era of great confla grations, inaugurated by the burning ol the Academy of Music, the Medical College, the Fifteenth Street Dutch Reformed Church, and other buildings of note, has not yet passed away. Since the destruction of the Opera Ilonse not less than forty extensive fires have occurred within the city limits, • •> minion* of dollars to our In surance companies, and the total demolition of some of the finest aud best known build ings ip the metropolis; and ycslerdav the New Bowery Theatre was swept away'from our midst by fire, the true origin of which has yet to be ascertained. The lire, it ap pears, broke ont about half past four In the afternoon, at an hour, foitunutcly, when but few persons were in the building, and those persona made good their escape before the names bad spread throughout the building THE 71KB. was discovered burning under the stage of the theatre. located on the Bowery between Canal and Hester streets. It was first dis covered by Mrs. Lewis, who, with several other women, was engaged in cleaning the auditorium, previous to the evening's per formance. Mrs. Lewis had concluded her' labors In iho front of the house, and had gone on the stage to sweep it, when one of the women perceived smoke ascending from under the otace in the neighborhood of the ballet girls’ roam. The attention ol the re»t oi the women was called to tbe matter, and Mrs. Lewis started to descend the stairs lead ing to the room from which the fire seemed to proceed, but before she could reach the stairs, she was met hr a dense volume of flame and smoke, which compelled her to beat a hasty retreat. She immediately ran around to the front of the house and notified the treasurer of what she had dis covered. Officer Carr of the Fourteenth rreemet, who was on jjuty on the Bowery, was Informed and notice was at once scat to the Metropolitan Repair lard, a short distanceofll'aua alarm signal r*o. 31 was sent from that station, andlu a lew moments the fire bells throughout the vlty spread the alarm far and wide. In the the flames spread with terrible ra- along the stage, among the Immense quantity oi inflammable material stored there, and, before the fire apparatus arrived in suf acient force to bo of any service, b*d com municated to the interior of the building. Jo on Incredibly short space of time the fire, fed by the light materials that it came in contact with, had gained possession of the entire building. and immense volumes of flame were gushing out of all the windows on the front and rear ol the building, mine far into the e-cuioc air, accompanied by a light fD jokc and sbowcßMJl bright sparks. Chief Engineer Kingsla-d and Assistant Engineer Pcrley, when they arrived on the ground, finding that the force on hand was not at oil sufficient to check the progress of the flames, the chief ordered a second alarm to he sounded, which brought to his aid sev eral powerful steamers from the lower dis tricts, who were soon got to work and were throwing vast volumes of water on the burn ing building. In Jess than twenty minutes after the fire was first discovered thercar wall on Elizabeth street fell out into the street witbla terrific crash.but fortunately no onewas Injured, Shortly after the roof of the build ing cave way and tell, also with a fearful noise, and the flgrays, hitherto chiefly con fined to the interior, rose high Into the sir for a considerable distance above the build log. At this time the building on Elizabeth immediately In rear of the theatre, took fire, and tbe Fire Department, despair’ *°£ °i r? T . In K. anr portion of the theatre, turned their attention to the adjoining prop erty on Elizabeth and Hester streets, and on the opposite, which were at one lime threat ened with destruction. Fearing that the Are would spread beyond tbe power of the fins men on the ground to check, Chief Klogs land ordered a third alarm to be sounded which soon brought to the scene of the coni nagration a number of steamers from the up. per and western suburbs of the city. Several steamers were got to work at once, while other* were held In reserve for any emergen cy, or to cake the place of any engine that ttfeht become disabled. * or J lt s slde wall * of the theatre soon followed tbe roof, tbe debris falling on and crashing in several of the low buildings adjoining. At SU o'clock the front wall of the theatre fell into tbo Bowery rather sud -BCTmI of the firemen in front of the building narrowly escaped being Injured by the falling ruins. From this time the Bremen gained control of the flames, and at clock had succeeded in checking and subduing their progress, and no further dau hPPt!Sen£cd * €T€ral steamers were then hauled off,, and despatched to the SVi W “ \ hen bcrmc t' l ° Reade street, * Lkb ,A* Ter *? steamers had already been rent. Although the surronnding buildings were on fire a number of times the flamf* HV? V often and the bnlld- Ings were saved from tbe destruction to which the theatre succumbed. 10 ThefollowlLgisas complete a list of the occupants of the buildings destroyed and damaged, with their losses and insurances ** obtained under the dream- The -Vcw Bowcry Theatre occupied Nos. W, 82, and 54 on the Bowery and Nos. 4S 50 5,, and 54 on Elizabeth street. The building T? SSST* by ex-Judgc James ‘fe*’ w : h( ? e l °mJ* est'mated at fS >o S’n,*T Derc but a partial insurance on 1 the building. Mr. Jame* TV. Ungard, the , "?*<*! the EeenerjT wardrobe, etc.. Md his loss is estimated at $40,000. lie has ol *5,000, m a Baltimore company. the sla:>e manager. bad wardrobe, appomtments, Ac., in the theatre which w trs Ta lned at ’ and wie t°talty destroyed ; no insurance! Mr. B. J. Dean, leader ot the orchestra ffrtalns a loss of $3,000 bv the destruction of iStr r S^ U,U4COrea ’ Ac % B * tbiifiS wme «c.. are thrown ont of employment. TJja employes at the theatresnstaln losses by the destruction of clolhlne, «. K c WSdrobi on’iS?h'!h!£!s. ln th f to S3,oS; ,7 there wa* no insurance, air. Llngard’s library, valued at £2.000 was also totally destroyed.* * EC fiTI T i. OB T, ,'Jv ;lr ' T i C‘“» DESTKOmn. ipepe was cofhinc: whatever to Indicate at 4 o clock that the building would be a com plot* wreck In loss than la hour. neaml of the day bad taken place, the stage properties were ready tor delivery, and all the necessary arrangement* for the perform ance of Griffith Gaunt Id the evening, had heen made. The young American artist, J. C. Hayes, was engaged in painting some scenery fur the onetas to be produced in the new Academy of Music when it Is completed; and the regular attaches of the theatre had left for a brief time, to return at 6>f o’clock. 'When they made their appearance the build ing and the scenery were almost in ashes. AN UOJKNBE WARDROBE DESTROYED. The extensive wardrobe of the theatre, which has passed into a proverb among play f;ocra, has shared the same fete as the bulld og. It consisted of costumes for every role In tragedies, comedies, light dramas, farces, extravaganzas. and pantomimes. Robes for every representative of real or affected life as depleted In ancient and modern plats, were among the unique wardrobe which haa been destroyed. It will, it is thought, be difficult to replace the collection In several years. TUB RUINS AT MIDNIGHT. At twelve o’clock the min of the theatre was complete. There was no vestige of the conflagration except in the volume of smoke from the debris m the rear, on which a stream from a single hose moderately fell. The symmetrical iron columns of the en trance alone remain to indicate the site; but ncorit.on the side walls which surround the wreck, appeared la large sable letters on in scription Intended to guide Its patrons, but which served as Its epitaph, “ The New Bow ery Theatre.” BISTORT Or THE THEATRE. The New Bowery Theatre was bnllt In 1853 by the owner ofthe site. Judge TVhlllng, and it was opened in September In the same year by Messrs. Fox & Llngard. A large portion of the material of the old Broadway Theatre was nsed In its erection. The rent of the building was $17,000 per annum, and the lessees, Fox & Llngard, had the privi lege of purchasing it for SIOO,OOO, with the term of their lease, which was ten years. It wee capable of accommodating about four thousand persons. The first play performed In it was the “Orange Girt of Venice,” which was succeeded by'a pantomime, and the last, which was performed on Monday night, was "Griffith Gannt.” It was two hundred feet in length and seventy-five In breadth. In 15C2, the partnership between Mr. Fox and Hr. Llngard was dissolved, and Mr. Lingard became sole lessee of the building, and so continued up to the Are. Its destruction Is an Irreparable lose, especially at this festive season, when the regular patrons of the drama receive large accessions from the masses In their celebration ol the holidays which precede the New Year. OPERA HOUSES, THEATRES ASD MUSEUMS BURNED !>' THE UNITED STATES The following is a list of places of amuse ment destroyed by fire in the United States since the year 171*8 : Federal Street Theatre,Boston, February 2,1798. Daniel Boncn’s Museum, Boston, January 15, ISO 3. Chestnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, April 20, 1930. Park Theatre, New York, July 4,1821, Richmond Theatre,Richmond-December 16,1321. Theatre, Natches, 3tias., September 5,1522. Bowery TbeatreTsew York, May 23,1323. J 1 sfayettc Theatre, New York,lS9. Caldwell's Theatre, Cincinnati. October 22,1530. Iticbmcnd tUll-Thcatre, New York, July 4,1331. Front sircei Theatre.Cabimore, January 5, :SJ3. Cook*? TUa'ie, Baltimore, Fountary a, 1833. Mobile Theatre, Mobile.FebrnarvG, 133 - Bowe’v Tne&lte. New York, February 13,11 *3B. New 3 healie, Charleston, F, C., April 27, IStS. National Tbeatra,New York, September*!,lß39. New Naiiupol York, May 2A, 1841. St. Cbv Its Orleans, Uarcn 18, 1812. American Theatre,New Orleans July 29,1312. Old American Theatre, Cincinnati, September 22, Sialc Street Tbratre.MobDe, November 13, >842. Prortocnce Theatre, Providence, October 21. 1814. National Theatre. Washington, March 6,18t3. Eowcrj Theatrc.New York, Anrll 45, 1&13, NlrtoV Theatre,New York. September. 18.1516. J’cik Theatre, New York. December 15. 1813 Avon Theatre, Norfolk, Vs., February il, 1850. Theatre, Lafayette, l-s.. March ?8. 1850. Wood's Murenui, Cincinnati, July IS, 1851. American Tbeattc, Sacramento, Cal., 1552. National Theatre, Bo«too, April 22,1-C2. American Theatre, Pkacemile, Cal., January SO. 1«H. . Chinese Museum, 1 hUadelphla, July 15.1551. Naflorat Theatre, Philadelphia, Jnly 13.1551. riaoldo’s Varieties. New Orleans, ISM. Yannocchl’e Museum, New Oilmans, May 6, 1555. 3 Metropolitan Theatre, San Frmeiseo, Oal., 15.,. Lyceum, Fan Francisco, Cal., 1859. Fornel theatre, Sacramento. Cal., ISCI. Marysville Theatre, Marysville, Cal., November 1 •, Istii. uamum’s Museum, New York. Jnly 13,1855. cry Theatre, M. Louis, October tf, tSGS. Pike’s Opera House. Cincinnati, March St. 1966. Arsdcwy of Marie, New York, May 24, 1866. Metropolitan Theatre. SU Louis. May 41. isflj. Academy of Music, Cincinnati, July 12. Louisville, Ky., October 12, Broadway Varieties Theatre, Nashville, Tcnn.. November 4,16C0. Pbaiilx Hall Theatre, Petersburg, Va., Novem ber 18,1666. " * gleans Theatre, New Orleans, December 7, New Bowery Theatre, New York, December IS, ISCC. APPALLCK} CATASTROPHE. Doming pf a JiesUiarauc—Fonrxeen Uvea Lo#t—Foil Account ofUie CaJam. Ity—Name* of me Victims. (.From the Memphis Po*r, December 1.9.] One of the most frightfiil and appalling disasters from fire which It has been our for tune to witness, occurred last night in the burning of Spcchl’s Itcstaurant. The build ing occupied for this purpose stands on the south slue of Madleon street. It is four stories high and nearly two hundred feet deep. The front la of stone. Oa the second story Is a balcony extending nearly the width ol the building. Above the third story is a similar balcony which, however, is but fire or six feet long. The first floor front was occupied as a confectionary store. In rear of this was a kitchen, baking and confectionery establishment. The ovens aud machinery were in the rear cellar. The second floor was occupied as a restau rant. It was served in oaf njficcnt style and was the resort of the tlUt of the city. Mr. Spi-cht slept In the iront room on the third floor, and Mr. William Jehlo, wife and hahe in the room adjoining. Others of Mr. Spvchfs family and employes occupied the remaining rooms on the third and fourth floors. Last night Mr. Specbt and family did not ret ire till about 2 o’clock. Mrs. Spccht was out of town. At about 3:40 this he heard a cry of fire, but not at first thinking it serious, did not- rise. Again he heard the ofT» afid scented a strange gaa In Iho room. He rose, and looking out of tbe window on tbe alley side of the house, saw the flame bursting from .the rear and lower window. The smoko was rolling up In dense and suf focating clouds. Feartul screams were heard from every window. The fire bells successively wakened the different portions of the slumbering city. The engines were In a moment thundering through the streets and such a cry of “ Are ” and of agony was luaidaa will not soon be forgotten. 3!r. Spccht shouted and beat at the door of tbe room occupied by Mr. and Mrs, Jdble. He crnld secure no response- He tore down ms curtains, tied them together and to the ™ balostrade on the third story, and climbed down to the balcony on the second fitorr. The firemen were already there. The ladders were put up and manned with a speed worthy of those brave fellows. Mr. fcpccnt e children—Joseph, a lad of thirteen and Stella, a miss of ten—Mrs. Tarbra, his mother-nwaw, and Sarah Lee, a niece, who were In the front rooms, were rescued. Mr. SwaohufT, the book keeper, and Mr. Korrell. story" ’ Wcre broa k’ bt down from the foarlll V> e believe all who were then alive and un njnred were *avcd. Officer Brown broke into Mr. Jehle s room. He was lying In one corner, and his wire on the floor near the , c only signs of life with the former was the beating of the heart and and poise. He died in a lew moments after teaching the ground. Mrs. Jehlc could not speak, but her mother s love was stronger than death, the motioned agonizingly toward the bed. in which lay her infant but a month old. j-be was brought down, hut survived only a few moments. Her babe was saved by being covered with the bedclothes, and still lives. . * n meantime, several of the inmates , had attompied to save themselves from the smoke and the devouring elements, by leap ing from tbe fourth-story windows. Mr Joseph Bartbol, a nephew of Mr. Spccht. jumped from that story into the alley, and. striking a mud-hole. saved his life. It was i fearful leap, but, though severely bruised, not a bone was broken. Of all who attempted thus to escape and reached the ground, he U the oulv survivor. Mr, «alter, a clerk, leaped from' the same story, and was fortunate enough to catch a blind on the third story, to which he cltxtg till rescued bv the firemen. It was a wonde£ nil escape. These bad allleaped before the gained access to their rooms. They found the other nnfortnnates who remained in the room?.lying on tbe floors or at the wi» flows, suffocated. ThcsnrvJrort and the dead were removed to the office of Doctors Knode A Rives. In tbe next building. The former received every attention, and the latter were laid out for bnnal as lenderlyas circumstances would permit. Officer llanan was stationed at the entrance to keep the crowd oot. He allowed us access, it was a horrid spectacle. In Ihe office lay Mr. Wtn. Jchle, ta ml grave clothes. He wa* a young man of great promise as a merchant. His advertisement as a wholesale notion dealer have for some appeared In the columns of the F°*t. He was only twentv-seven years of age, and formerly from 8t Louis. In a bed-room near by lay Mrs. Jehlc. There was peaceful beamy to the Ace, as if she was dreaming pleasantly, and not dead. There was no trace of distress or agony. In a small " >om , be J ond the office, on the floor, Uy seven ladies a colored woman named Lucin da Ringwald, with her two Uuie children beside her; beyond that of John C, Hank a Grove of Dmlds, who leaped out Of the window and whose head had been smashed to a Jelly; that of “Uncle John ny, who wore the white cap about the shop, and had served Mr. Spccht fifteen years as baker; and that of a white waiter and a colored man, whose names we could not learn. In the hall beyond lav the body of AUenne Fred, a French cook Farther on. la a back room, was the body of Kendel Haber a German baker, who leaves a wife and a child and a brother In this city; that of a German cook named Philip, and of Dolly Flint, a colored waiter, and another colored woman, whose name we conhi not learn. A Son F2a<U Bb Fattier ni Hf tT. c Bead. [From the Davenport Gazette, December SOth-l yesterday evening, about 5 o’clock, Mr. Haw, of the Ann of Miller & Hass, grain oealera, on Harrison sfreet, upon returning to his residence on Fourth street, just west * bcotk noticed that his cow bad not been stabled by his father, as customary. Sup posing the old gentleman w*s temporarily absent, Mr. Hass started to attend to the patter himself. Upon ascending to the hay loft be was horrified to find his father hang ing from a rafter by the neck, dead- Upon examination the body was found almost cold. Mr. Hass alarmed his family and sent for Dr, Tomson, who soon arrived, when the body was cut down and removed to the house, where an inquest was held upon it. A ver dict of suicide by banging was returned. The victim of self-destruction was appar ently a hale, hearty man, about sixty-seven years of age. Only fourteen months ago be came to this country with his wife from Hol stein, Germany, to ]olu their children, three of whom, two sons and a daughter, hare re sided in this city several years. The deceased’s wife, to whoa he had been mirricd forty-three years, died the week after they arrived in this country. This cir cumstance probably weighed so heavily upon the old man’s mind, that bit reason was at times dethroned, and in one of these spoils of melancholy be committed the act. Yesterday forenoon he was about, seeming as well as usual. He went down town after dinner, re turned between 3 and 4 o’clock, and imme diately went to the stable, which was the last seen of b’m alive. To accomplish his purpose, he had evidently taken a position on a cross timber, and after making fast the rope, adjn&ted the fatalfcoose aod leaped Into eternity. The countenance exhibited no ev idence of the death haring been prolonged. PROPOSED TARIFF CHANGES. ftevr Rates <m Drags and Chemicals. Extract From Commlsrioner Wells* Report. The following arc the changes lu the da tics on certain foreign drugs and chemicals recommended by Special Commissioner Wells; Present Proposed tariff? tariff? Cent, pound. Acetate of Alumina. Crystals of copper SO fid Arsenic and anenioua acid.............. 50 1 Besrolcactd 10 S.£o Chlorate add ~..U 9o Morfaticaud nitric acid., Vi 5 Fuming sulphuric acid..... 1 5 Tannic acid, present £2.00 $ fb proposed ntOVtt- Aconite and salts of aconlts 40 SO AJver G 3 Ainnoria, salamonlac, carbonate and muriate of ammonia SO S Sulphate of ammonia 50 1 fcpmt* ofamuonla. present (3.00 F gal lon, proposed 50 cents ? lb. Falls cf ammonia .SO 30 Ore of antimony. Crude antimony. Astlmaclal preparations .....43 SO Crarie tartar, brown or gray tartar. 6 3 I Asatatida ..............20 0 Balsam nfcopaiba SO 30 American crude medicinal bark.. SO 10 Salts of barytes not otherwise provlded.9o SO Oxide, carbonate, suboltrate and ox7* chloryde of bi-math 90 1.30 Ditnmen and asphaitam proposed 90 pec cent. Bone black and Ivorr blade ..95 5 Animal charcoal ol all kinds free 5 lampblack 90 S Borecfc acid refined and hydrated G 19 Bronxe metal or Dn*cb metal In leaf, present 10 per cent., proposed 90 per cent fajita and preparation of Bromine, pment 90 per cent., proposed 30 per cmt. Calamus ot Cagroot, present 9Q per proposed 5 per cent Setts and preparations of mercury, present 20 per cent., proposed 3t per cent. , Name ores of mercury, present 10 per cent., proposed SO per cent. Crnde camphor, present 30 cents per pound, proposed 15 cents per pound. Refined camphor, present 40 c ids per pound, proposed SO cents per pound. Red and french chalk 21 3 t obalt ard oxide of cobalt 90 10 Sul; hate of copper, bine vitriol or blue stone 95 3 Extracts ol nnx vomica, belUdnna and simitar medicinal extracts, present, 4(1 f:cr cent; propoeeo, SO per cent. tro glycerins 90 CO Gelantine in all forms .93 90 Glycerine In all forms 50 Si Glue and pine siring In all forma... .. 20 5 Gum arable and similar gums 90 5 Gnm btnjeoin 10 <• Gamboge.... .10 Medicinal from a -»d 5 Plaster of'huta 91 1 Gufls pertba A’} 6 Mtimfactntes of India rubber anil gntta perctu, present 40 per cent, proposed 35 per cent. Cmre lodise, prrsentSOc V tt», proposed stc lb. Salts of iodine, present 90 per cent, pro posed su per cent Dry oxides of Iron 90 5 Chemical prepara'iona of iron, present 90 per cent, proposed C« per cent. Medical preparations of lion, proscnt4o per cent, proposed 80 per cent. •Juniper beetles, 10 S lac Dye. free & Une 10 $5 p. tun Chemical preparations of lime, present SO per cent, proposed 00 per cent. Medical preparations of lime, present 40 rer cent, proposed 30 per cent. White lead, read lead, paints or pis* crests of lead, dry or pro find in oil, fi resent Cc perm, proposed teywf lb. irate of lead, present 3c pot lb, pro* posed 4c per lb. Carbonate magnesia. prctentCpcr cent, proposed 5 percent. Oxide and snlpbate of magnesia, pres ent 40 per cent, proposed 30 per ecu’. Mineral and medicinal waters,« cents per quart and pmentss percent, proposed Jki per rent. Castor oil, present fl per gal. proposed •Scents. All bilumlnoDs oils, etude, present 90 per onf, proposed 10 cents per gal. All biinminoua oils, refined, present 40, proposed 3) cents per eat. Burning fluid, present So cents per cal, proporfd SO per pal. CseenUal oil ot allspice or black pepper, present rate 60 per cent, proposed tIU per lb. Bsscnllal oil of almonds, present 81.50 per ft-, proposed $2.50 per lb. Otto or roses, present 81.50 per ox. pro* post'd $1 per ox. Maccironl and VennlCcTH tt Crude ftjsil oil, present 89 per gaL, pro posed 10c per gal. Opium, present, $9.50 per !h., proposed Morphinoandsalfsof morphine, pres* - e»t 89 60 per lb, proposed 89. Green paints SO Yellow paints 95 Ultra mamte, present 93 per cent, pro posed 20 per cent. Dutch pink... 95 Vcneiian red 95 Fcrftitue* and perfumery containing al cohol, Dfopcsod 83 per gallon, and 93 per cent In place of &0 per cent. Suck lead, present 810 per ton, propos ed 1 cent per Q>. baleratns, present 1H corns per lb., pro po»ed 9 cents per lb. Chlorate of potash, present 6 cents per ft>. proposed 4 cents per lb. Saltpetre, crnde, presents cents per Ib. pjopoevd 1 cent pet lb. Muriate of potash. All other sorts of potash, increase .. .. Quinine and all lis salts, present 45 per cent .proposed CUcents peroa. Manufactured resins, presently per cent., proposed Hu per cent. Rocheite salts, present IS cents pec proposed 10 cent* per B>. Hemp seed, tope seed, and all other oil seeds, except linseed, present 1 cent per ft-, proposed cent per tb, Sal soda, all crude carbonate of soda, 1 present H cent pec lb., proposed 2 cent 1 per Ib. Soap in all forms, except for toilet, pres ent 3 cents per 25., proposed 5 ceuta per ft>. Starch of all kinds, present Z cents pec Tb., proposed 5 cents per lb, Drv sails ol nn.......... ....30 halations of tin 20 ; All crude wax 10 5 Refined wax and shoemaker wax 90 7 White vitriol..., 90 jjj While oxide of xtnr, or xmc palm, pres ent 12£ cents per lb., proposed 3 cents per®. On ttli prepared drugs, chemicals and medicines, cot otherwise provided for. the duty proposed U 30 per cent. A REMARKABLE MOTEMEKr. Temperance at Norault 111,—Petition for Abolition of Liquor siened by Mery Inhabitant of the Town. (From the Bloomlngtoc (111.) Ptnlagranhri At a meeting of the citizens of Nortnal, convened pursuant to public notice, at the Baptist Church, on Thursday evening the 22d nit,, to take into consideration the pro priety of prohibit ing, in said town, the sale of intoxicating; liquors, on motion ot Wen. A- Pennell, Thos. Slade* Esq., was called to the Chair, and A. L. appointed Secre tary. Aftcr eomc very appropriate remarks bv President Edwards, Jesse IV. Fell was called upon, who offered the following preamble and resolutions, which, after being discussed at considerable length bv the mover, the President of the meeting, Rev. J. H. Kent, Vf. A. PenneljL. A. Hovey. Thos. Pell, A. il. Laughlio, Dr. J. XI. Bell, John Dodge, and other*, were unanlmouslv adopted by a standing vote, all present rising to their feet. Believing the sale of intoxicating liquors, for any other than strictly mechanical or medicinal purposes to be highly detrimental to the best in terests of this community, morally, socially aud pecuniarily, therefore, Hetoteea, That we will not ouly discountenance, by eiery means tn our power, flnch a trade, but that we uiti not tolerate its existence among us. fiesolred. That our 'J own Council be respect fully requested to enact, with an convenient despatch, an ordinance declaring such a traffic a common / and webertbyumtaily pledge ourselves to abate it as sucA, should any one be so false to the known sentiment ol our people. a« to engage In such a demoralizing, detestable traffic. On motion of John Dodge, It was unani mously agreed that all present attach their names to the proceedings of this meeting, as Indicating their approval of the same, and » committee of five be appointed by the Chair, whose duty It shall be to canvass the town and secure, if practicable, tbe ad tmlonal signatures and approval of all per sons, male and female, who have arrived at v f ( ?? ra , of discretion, sufficient to compre hend the import of the above proceedings, and that they report the result of their doings at an adjourned meeting to he held af tbe came place, Thursday evening, the 6th proximo, s In pursance of the above motion, the Chair appointed on said commute John pMT ’ S£W7J - On notion, the meeting adjourned, J n pursuance of the above proceedings, the adjourned meeting assembled, on the evening of the Clh. Jesse W. FelL in behalf of the committee appointed at the previous fMfttjtfr. reported that the town of Normal, including the additions thereto, bad beta thoroughly canvassed, that the President of University—:Richard Edwards— had efficiently co-operated by procuring tbe signatures of the students of that Instlto- Uon, of suitable age, as above indicated, and that as the result there appeared on the pro test one thousand names, and that not one the paper had been presented £•{. declined signing It; that on tba subject of prohibiting la said town the sale of Intoxicating Honors, Normal, with « population of abont 1,200, presented the anomalous and most gratilvlng Spectacle of perfect unanimity. He further stated his conviction, that la view of this unanimity, and of tbe State University be ing here located, that tbe Dlinols Legbla tore, at Its approaching session, womd, if requested so to do, throw around said town Its protecting arm, by Incorporating in our proposed amended charter, a clause/orecer prohibiting tuch a traffic In our midtt. He stated also that through inadvertence some of the names had been duplicated, which should be corrected prior to publica tion. The Rev. J. H. Kent moved that J. W. Fell s®d W. A. Pennell be a committee to present to the Illinois Legislature our protest against the sale ol Intoxicating liquors, and that said body be respectfully requested to enact them into a law, in connection with our pro posed amended charter, which was unani mously adopted. On motion of Wesley Pearce, a committee was appointed by the chair, consisting of lie mover, V. A. Ray and Henry C. Fell, whose duty It should oe to revise the protest by erasing therefrom such names as have been duplicated, so that no name ap pear thereon more than once. r “There are thirty members now on the Speaker’s lUt, says a Washington despatch, de tinue the Boor to make speeches on the Presi dent's message. Whoever has seen a ]«nre num ber of dogs barklsa at one powerless Salma! will cot be Is want of a simile for these Conares. siousl barker*."—H/tm i. What kind of an animal—a dead polecat, for instance! MAH AGEMEST OFTUE FREEDMEJi’S BUREAU. General PowsitFi Reply to General* Fullerton and Steadman. WssursoTOjr, Dc;. 16, tSGB. The following contains the main points of the reply of General O. O. Howard to Gen erals Fullerton and Sterdman, who made a lour of the South recently, and reported against the continuance of the Frecdmon’s Bureau: _ , Wan Dxraßiwar, Bunxau Hwrans, 1 . giiwnywtura Asssmoxxs Las ns, V WABmumw, D. 0.. Aw. m, lias. ( 7b (he Preticunt .-—Sib: The following state ments aie respectfully submitted for your con sideration: . _ , The Use report of Generals Steadman and Ful lerton of an Inspection of tho bureau under my charge coi.t&las so many statements differingfrom those 1 have received worn other inspecting am eers mud aaslstst.t commissioners, sad tarnishes deductions so widely varying from those I have formed and offered, that 1 deem It my duty to re view uemalnpoln's ot this report; and more es pecially Is this course necessary forme that 1 have been assigned to duty by yourself, ana have ad mlcistciea the bureau In sccordouce with your Instructions, verbal and written, keeping con stantly lu view a thorough and pucical execu tion of the law by which my officers and myself have bees bound. Tbe ostensible object of tho inspection la to detect and correct abuses of administration aod furnish yourself with information of the actual elate of things. The Inspectors have pursued an extraordtrsty course. 1 understood they toot ai clerks seven! newspaper reporters, who gave to tbe press the substance of their reports, aud some - lines the reports themselves, before you had time to give them consideration. The effect of this course has been to concentrate the attention of the public upon certain individual acts of officers and agents, or accusations against them careless ly drawn, tn anen a way as to keep the faults commuted, and not the good done, prominently tn view. Some things they hare held ap as criminal which arc not so lu reality. Ecr oncoos conclusions have been drawn from a state of affaire now existing In many places, for which tbe bureau is not respon sible ; f. fj.. they charge to-ihe account ol the bu reau all the evfie of the labor system they And. white they attribute to the State Governments and citizens. In great part, the good accomplished. Certainly this la tee Impression received from reading the reports. In woat 1 have to say I baveno desire to screen any officer from Juat charges ; in fact, I have ta ken Instant mceauroa to bring to trul any officer against whom there seemed to be any well-found ed accusation. It Is a lid well worth considering hvte, that but one whom the Inspectors were able to condemn, vln., the Asela’ant Commissioner of ; Rorth Carolina; and he, though held uo to the country as a liar and a dishonest speculator, has been, 1 believe, acquitted by tbe decision of a lair and honorable court, eo far as the charges were concerned. Again, Id the Department* of Virginia and Motih Caroline, of over two hundred agent* accu sation? wete hrongbt against ten on’y, seven odi et rs and tbreo civilians. The majority o( them have bvtn bonoiably acquitted ol the charge* pre ferred against them. The Her. Mr. Fitz, of -neb terrible cotorieVr, who wa* bavn.g hU case Inves tigated on tne aiilval 0! ibo inspectors proves to be sot a reverend, bat a young man of eighteen years, a qaartettnaster’a clerk during the war, and personally guiltless of the cruellies imputed to bis charge. All these cases will soon be offi cially reported. 1 reed not refer to them further. 1 may say, however, that the charge against an officer ofpauiae men iaa chain ganghad no faun daUon in facf, hut in another part of the sami Slate an officer specially selected by ibo inspec tors for unqualified commendation bad issued an order to place delinquents as vagrants In a chain pang. Tbryneztapeak of Georgia, sayinc “that the amttded laws of the State ate lolly as liberal os tioseof any Northern ufaca the ae-wo in alt tt*p*c(s on a perfect equality with the while man as to hi- civil rights,” convejloz the Impres sion that the freedmea are thoroughly protected under the execution of these laws. General Tlllron. who Is highly commended by the inspectors, and Is known ty be a man of in teg ntv apd good Judgment, In a lai* report to me says: ‘‘There ate many instances where, through the moludlceof tie people, or the Incompetence ot the mtgisiratcs, the freedmeu are ceuled the protection of ihe law, and where the Interference of thobuieau is absolutely essential to secure jus tice. When Ibis inilumcc nas been wl-clv directed, and Ito auihority of the bureau brought to bear firmly but, ibe happiest consequences have followed, nol on:y proiecird the frccatnsn in indi vidual cases, but changing the tone and temper of the people, so as to prevent the recurrence of acts of injustice and oppresdon. i hecominnncceaua ' agency of the bateau U atlU a necessity.” 1 cannot agree with the inspectors altogether as to a complete revolution in the sentiment ot me bouttorp people, which Insures protection suffi cient to the freedmen, when United States, officers and Ircedmen are mnrd*red, ana t.e freedmen abused and mutuaied, as Is reported in spectors themselves. 'they say the good feelings of the whites toward (he blacks arc o.\lng to ttieir Interest in securing : their labor. Ihla J regard as iusniEciejt security when trusted to ab-olutely without some otVr principle, e. g. s the guarantee of equal Jaws. For years *)a veholorrs have deemed compulsory uieas orcs the best secuiity of labor. The inspector* declare that ‘the Bureau ha* been in tbe apeiecate productive of more harm than good, and cu‘c as their reasons, substan tially, ihe rellacce upon n of the negroes, and their coumjaenf di-tm-t or the property hold ers. and the provocation ot espionage creating mutual suspicion and bitterness. i deny the whole atatement. It U not founded upon beta but upon tueorio* constantly pal forth by the enemies of good order. A few Sad agents hare been sent, aud bare doubtless done much ham, t«t this Bateau Agency baa been mediato rial ard pacific as a whole. U has relieved this vc»y suspicion and bitterness that existed when U was first organized. IMote, murder? aud wicked deeds have recently sprung up. but these are m no way Initiated or recognized by the officers of ibo Government. The inspectors charge Ihc bureau with beta* responsible for tbe low wastes paid freedmen nn dcrcoMiacU on plaauUoas. Ibis bureas oert-r ri-gnlaied wages, but oid urge alt freedmen to la bor on plantations and eUewbcie, in order tn re lieve the Government of their support, and to demonstrate to the country that they were not to become f a shiftless, dependent race. The people North and South, as well os an evident necessity, demanded that the freedmtn should go to work at the beginning of the year. My offlceie entered the Held and urged the freedmen to take this course—providing for themselves. You are fully aware that aithia time planters in difierva: parts of the South formed combinations against high wages, come counties flame as low a rate a« five dollars per month tor the able bodied. Ibe birrsu officers urged that tbe eland ard be placed os blab as possi ble, yet they could not compel a higher rate of compenssUon. What were the freedmen to do? It vbey failed to cob tract, they Incurred the odium of being a** lazy, idle, ami worthless race.** be sldcfc running the risk of starving. They went to work cn plantations at tbe highest wages they could gc f . As soon os planters began to find that labor would 'vo scarce, that the fro dmea were "o- Ingro work, they saw (hat the-r interest was to secure laborers for their cotton fields before U wa* too laic, and oCen c higher rales. Jfolhmg could le more natural. Yet it is not difficult (oTer that the planters ol the South, who r*nresest*d the capital, were associated against labor, and com i peilcd low wicta. Bureau officers did o'] la there power to get tbe highest wages possible for the freedmen; but as the Georgia railroad* and Mis sissippi steamboats would not sod could not sire sl.Caperdayforall the plantation laborer* las: January and February, when ther were com pelled to seek employment, the freedmen were forced to goto work at the planters’ rate;, lei we find tbeae inspectors complaining about the preterit wages, and advising a transfer of the Interests of laborers to the men who, by dnnly resisting an advance, kept wages where thev low ate. They say, “In ail the Urge towns ufilj*- sUMppl planters were offering one dollar per day m Way atd June, while, under the sanction of the Govern meat, thousands of freedmen were working for ten dollars per month.” Jdo not doubt this Yc: the planter* and the otter employer*, not the officers of the bureau, are responsible for compel ling laborers to accept the ten dollar term* last January, or starve Now that tbe punier*' crop is near the gatherlog.and thecotton fields need severe ai.duaTemltticgUror, no doubt they are willing to give one dollar per diem for a few laborers to finish up 0»e work. They say their contracts Were sanctioned by bureau officers. This may be so. Bureau officers could not have done otherwise. It they had they would have been accused of defeating the objects of the bureau law, and would bare In troduced a principle which impairs the verr na ture ot a contract. AH the arguments of tbe in spectors tall to the ground unless mey can prove that the freedmen could have obtained from prop erty holder*', without compulsion, *Sjio per day mt January, when necessity compelled them to go to work. & The principles that apply to ws<r«* Induced tho present contract sjelsns. 1 would have Been dm to bare adopted precisely cue same methods of regulating labor as obtained tn the Northern Stater, They next refer to fee ease of Colonel Reno's report of deficit of t-.OOOIn LouL-lans. and tlcuteoani Foster, who is said to be a defaulter. It cannot be pof riete that General Fullerton, wfio, as one of tbe bureau officer*. assisted In bringing this matter to light, can tall to remember that this subject bas been undergoing an investigation for the list six months. Tbe whole mattororiduated before tbe tcreau was In existence, and has oc*o brpnpht to Ucbt and prosecuted by tbe Assistant Commissioner In order to fix the enilt upon tbe proper persons, aid secure their punishment. it Is pot ju‘tice to tbe officers or the bureau to charge them wlih crimes that were committed against the freedmen In time prior tolls organi sation.' and to suppress dates and me location of crave chargee so as to ebilt the responslbUltr upon those not guilty. From the course pursued by the inspector*. I suspect the object of the Inspection, as they un derstood it, was to bring tbe Freedmen's Bureau into contempt before the country, and to no this, they have endeavored to prove mat-aidmiatatra uon- Or (he contrary. I am prepared to prove to yourself or any other candid mind that! nave ful filled tbe trust which you committed to me with Cart, conscientiousness and faithfulness: 1 have obeyed your otders aud instructions, making no other objections than those I have maae to your self and the Secretary of War ; that my system has been t thorough one, and as complete and nrifotm as was possible in an Institu tion intended to be temporary and to meet a transient necessity. Could the Freedmen's Bureau be now administered with your fall aud team sanction, aud with the co-operation ot tbe other branches of the Government, it would fulfil the objects of its creation in a short time, and be made, white it existed, to conduce to lndustry,ea* Ugbteiinent and josttce for all classes of the peo ple- The work coamlUed to It may doubtless be done by (be army, without a bureau, out not wim much Hie expense. Vet,lf the Government would keep good nith ’with its new-made citizens, some sorters United States agency must be maintain d in the Southern States until society shall have be come more settled than It now Is. V err respectfully, your obedien t servant. O. O. iIOWAOO, Major General, Commissioner. His Excellency Asnnxw Jonxsos. President of the United States. SPOBTISG. Great I>og Pigbt in Philadelphia for 0300 a Side—The Fight Lasts FoHT elsht aUnnin. [From the New York Herald.] PBitanxirHiA, December IS—9 p. m, A fight between the celebrated boll fight ing nogs Ike and Flash took place to-dav, at three o clock. The reputation of there dog?, and the feet that they were sired by the best fighting bull doe stock In the coan try, had excited a great deal of interest among the lovers of canine sport, and large sums of money had been wagered upon the result by the crowd of New York and Phila delphia sports who assembled to witness the fight. t* fitting dog Ike was slretTby Jacob R. Roome's doe Billy, a dog, It is said, of on* doubted sameness, having fought fire des perately contested battles and has been victorious In ail. His mother was the fomous slut Fanny. Ike early manifested the pluck and gameoess ofhls parents and erinc ed such promising qualities as induced bis owner, 3lr. Arthur Henry, of Philadelphia, to match him for #SOO a side with the cele brated dog Flash, weight twenty-six pounds, imported from England, and of toe best English stock,by Harry Jennings, and by him sold to Thomas Tugman, of Philadelphia- The stakes (S3OO a side) were deposited in the bands of the stakeholder last month, the articles of agreement drawn np, and all the arrangements perfected for the coming fight, each dog to be reduced to twenty-six pounds, fighting weight. THE EIGHT took place In Patrick Carroll’s dog pit, in Moyamcnsing, and early In the afternoon a large concourse of gamblers, dog fighters, pugilists and sporting men of aH descrip tions assembled at the rendezvous. Toe first to enter the arena—which was com posed of a circular space intho centre of the apartment, some seven by five feet, enclosed by rough boards about two feet and a half high, and around which were elevated seats arranged for the accommodation of the pcctatore—was John Mcilanon, the handler of the dog Ike, whose appearance was greeted with applause by the motley assent- Wage. The dog was a very handsome speci men of his breed, and his long, lean body, short, powerful legs, full cheat and broad head, wiih his long snout, armed with ter rible teeth, which glistened ferociously as the dog snarled in the pit, gave evidence ot im mense strength and determined pluck. Hardly had Ike and bis handler made their appearance than the handler of Flash, with bta pot, appeared in the ring. The appear ance of this dog was scarcely Inferior to that of hla antagonist, with possibly the excep tion of his shorter law. which left the im pression of bis inability to catch as powerful a hold as bis opponent, and which became verified as the contest progressed. Ap. preaching each other, the trainer of each beast bent to the floor, aud, placing the dogs within a foot, commenced stroking them and uttering expressions calculated to excite tba dogs. At a given signal from the pit keeper the dogs were releaned, and Sew at each other with unconquerable fury. Ike, quicker than his antagonist, seis ed Flash by the shoulder, and, rolling over each other, they kicked, bit and gelled as though with the spirit of hell. Time being called, the dogs were sep arated, their wounds examined, and their bodies washed of the blood with which they were spotted; and,J after being carefully smelt of and tasted with the tongues ot the trainers about the head and neck, to ascer tain that no poisonous snulThad been placed upon them, they were released again, and again pursued their ferocious work until sep arated. Seven rounds were fought, and al though nearly exhausted and scarcely capa ble of standing on their legs, neither showed the white feather, and they were put io the work again, when, by a fortunate suae. Ike fastened bis fangs In the throat of bis op ponent, and. with the determination of death, continued to hold until Flash rolled over and over in the agonies of dissolution. Although nearly dead' himself, such was the determi nation of the victorious brute, that the hand, lers hud great difficulty in loosening his grip upon the thmat ot the dead dog. The fight occupied forty-eight minutes, and during the entire time so much were the spectators lu lerested in the revolting spectacle, that scarcely a word was spoken. The victorious dog was wrapped in warm blankets by his handler, and means adopted to restore his vigor. THE OPERATIC LIBEL SUIT. First Day’s SfMton-nareaek on lbs .vcnrli't IVotunu and die Opera—lmcresilns Details. fFrom me Nee- Vork World, Dec. 19. | Max Mareuck r*. Wm. Cauldwvll tt nl.— The empanelling of tlie jury in the ease was completed jeaferdav morning, and then .Mr. JuduU opened the case lor the plaintiff. The action brought, it will be remembered, f»r &O.OCO'datuages for alleged libellous publi cations in the Hun Jay Jltrrcury on the 11th and 18th of October, 18to, which were given in yesterday’s World z tsstuiost or srr- maiiltzkk. Siat Matetzct, the plaintiff; was first called lo testify in bis awn bthall. He said; My bostnese « that of oien macaber; was « mamicer of operas in New York since JSTd; was a lessee of tbc Academy at that time for the w inter at tijO a nurbl; the season commenced the Stii of October; this was the means by which I gained my liveli hood ; about 20d persons »« c entrain'd in the matter; tie trpem® was about f f0,0&0 a wreis: Con I know the defendant* : slice the puohca'.lon onto first lit.el 1 have had Application fiom (hem foradrcrnslnc ; alUnfce fir?t publication am tie&ao came to me on the eisce and «.«fced am ; 1 was askid in thc*e words, by Mr. Nicholson ; “Go to tfco Ai'ercui'y otßce acd step up lo the captain's office and setiit-.” ,A^mt<Af nwi °" , ' ,ud ' h ‘ K " lrt *° r The person? whom I erpas®d me tailor?. mciician?, carpenters, police officers, and eo on. . Crtse-examiLcd—l bad the management of opera m New iork to the fprinc ot 863; it cowteurd about six or eight wceUa; the operas performed were “AVnua, "Trorarore,” " loco," *• Mar tha.’ and “Ernani;’’ no opera was then per formed in which there was a bahet; iledorl was at the theatre that season ;my sea-on—the au tumn—began the sib oi October; there were three or four performances a cation or these article-, never bad a*»y difficulty with the defendants; I stopped advertiaiu? with them on the :ib. Kc-dlrect—l did advertise with them previous to that lime. Mr. Mardzolt recalled—Tie meiolnc, a? re speejs the opera, of “dead bead-.’* is tatiac ex pulsion for people who go to places of amuse ment without pay. TtsrniosT or a xotcal aoect. Joseph Gosch* sworn: Jam a musical a^rent; hare been employed hv phiiml:? as advenMns acrot; uas so ic I c.t; kcow the delendauts ;we advertised In the i'vtu.'cy J/rivfiry for the plain* 11O; Mr. Uiiiicey several tunes suicUefl Mr. MaictzckVadvertising; he asked lor dead-head tickets; they »ere scot Instead of the paper to Mr. Newell; 1 tad a conversation with Mr. Whit ney about Ibrse rears aro: Mr. Wblraey said three articles claimed to be libellous didn't amount to art thing; that they were pul in only for fan, and that it we would semi in our advertising it would he all right. Cross-examined—Mr. WMtncv said that If w» would down the adrertisemtu is he would make If all right; It was In a public house In Brooklyn be spoke to me dot; had known Mr. Whitney many yean; don't know whether the conversation w as after the suit was commenced. The Court here ruled that conversations In reference to the libels should he excluded iftbey took place after the commencement of the suit. The plaintiff offered in evidence ten different is.-ues of the Sunday Mercury, published after the libel and referring- to the above libellous matter. The Court excluded them. The plaintiff then rested. _ Sl». HAW/S OPEKISO. Mr. Hall then opened to the jury for the deter ce, characterizing the sum, os bare faced and impudent. He contrasted the simple ballads and the sweetness and dellca* cy cf mniic, which he aliened belonged to the old school, with the arias from cavatinas and operas, and denied that Mr. Maretzefc had contributed to refine and elevate the music and tastes of the cdmmnnitv. A REPRESENTATION IMPROPER FOR BOARD* IKfJ-PCITOOL OIRLB. T2te only approximately f/belloas part of the document, he thought, ’was that which represented that the Academy was hardly the place for a modest, respectable woman, and that it was infested w ith the worst hab itues ol tbe gambllng-hclls. The jury were to be the Judges whether a modest woman could sit there under similar circumstance*. Otic of the dramas enacted there was “Rie oletto,” and he did not believe a man oo the Jury would lake bis yife or daughter to see it. As fc<- would show to them, the turning point of tbe plot was seduction from befrl£ nlngr to end ; and yet the younpladles irom yonder boarding-schools were taken there acd saw women, dressed as meretriciously as women could lie, outside of tho Black-Crook,” listenings to overtures of seduction, placed in honied words of harmonious vertc, ami uttered in harmoni ous accents wltn harmonious music. The Duke of Mantua, the principal character, made a business, as George the Fourth did of jKducluff women, and by and by Rhmi lotto's daughter is seduced. Then retribu tion comes, aud the Duke comes out and Hugs gloriously, exulting over bu seduc tions. That was a performance which no modest woman could attend. Kot that Mr Marctzek meant wrong-, but that tbe pres ence of pickpockets and immodesty was a necessary part of the business which ho con ducted. He must take the necessary risk of his performances, if the public demanded them, which counsel admitted thev did ; but he must not come iuto court and demand damages of a newspaper which details tho truth about it. rrsiiaoNT or judcx nowioae. Jodge Joseph Bowling, sworn: Have been Po- Ure Justice fonr yean*, and Captain of the Sixth " ard Police eight veara; knew of the opera Ma son at the Academy of .Music la 1063; have &c- Quemly been there; have seen eambiera there ooat remember to have seen pickpockets taara - have seen them outside oo the street when the people wt re coming out. ,s not 10 ,ee Ihe opera much (h3t Igo there, hut to see the ucuolc whn ■<» there: ay amtiy uoa*t C o with me; tare gamblers there at matinees. 1 „ tistmojct or niracnvu b'dovoail. Detective C. B. McDongail—flav« been m tb« Police Department about ten year*; htvebeeato the habit ol coins to the Academy ot Music ofli daJJy for seven m eight years, for the protecaon ofibe people from pickpockets; IntheraTiS- MsosonSai .« there rt nIgSS and those reputed to be gambler* there. poOtftto ixsruiqsT or DtracriYX Szskktt. . D «tectlve J. P. Bennett sworn; I bare been In the police department foe eight years: wm 0 *? a place of amusementealled wi£S? c ? v 2 f Mns, . c; we ? l ttem to be to the lookout to keen pickpockets away from thf lobby and « 85 9 Did you or dH you not seecamMett nick- K. e A'cSm.r“ “ d to.i!d££ Witness—| have seen pickpockets there and driven them away, and arrested pickpocket* 2®S* ; also there ™ « iC * Tie , l op«« cloaks going tn m ? n acii fast women going Act ££.’«&* r 1 t D 001 tnow w hat you mean b? tart men and Cast women. Croes-exsmrned—l don’t know that I hare grew h ifisrssr , & The Court—Tes, sir: there Is net. Cross-examined—l have seen those I »,„» krowr to he pickpockets In I arrested them there; I don’t pay for adaiisslfm to go there; I goto other places mibS*2? MddtdJsereoMofWeciivSto informed th- defendants of these thSSLaa UwS not my dufv fo do so. "■* w-.m William 1 oungblood, sworn • 1 was cashier of the Sunday Mercury in ISCT; in and aoinmn of that year } didn’t go to the & li I)ld ,ou hey durlwr dot whispers in ohieeffon to the Academy oiMnalef [Objected to, and allowed.] A. I did; that U was frequented hr panons of had repute, gamblers, thieves, pickpockets, and had women ; think I tsentfosed ft to themropne tors of the Sunday Mercury ; I heartareport about the female artiste*. r The Com v—That is no pan of the whispers. Mr. Ball—Ko; bnt it it a proof of a report, which we alleged Incensed the stockholders of the Academy. The Coart—You may prove that reports Incen sed, het cacuot prove the reports. Cioes-eztnuned—Those who whispered to me were persons who came to the office; they didn't whisper In my ear, bat talked lond eco&rii; can't remember the names of soy of the parlies now; U wa* a very common thins; l presume Lmen tioned the names at the time; loiJa’t think the matter of any account at the time; U was before the articles were pabllabrd: may have seen aid ties that sprints to the paper praising the opera; was with defendants si toe time the suit was com menced, bat caked with them very little about It; many opera peonle visited thatp:ace; 1 only know it by their telling me they belonged to the opera. The cose was here adjourned till eleven o clock this morning, when an extended cross-examination of ifr. Maretzek wfll take place. Circulation of Unltets States Specie In the Westlndlrs. rfroia the Kingston Journal, 2»ovembtr34lh.J * Forupwards of twelve years certain iasnea of the American mini—that is to say, all Eld coins and the silver halt and'qnarter dol fi—have freely circulated in this country. They were introduced during the sudden and highly remunerative trade which was created In this city at the period of the great exodus ol gold seekers from the Korthem States of America to California, when of these adventurers used to be dropped here twice, sometimes thrice, a week. The «Uy in Kingston of each batch of strangers seldom extended over a few hours, yet they spent moner frccly. lcartnj; tCTCnii thousands of dollars behind them, thereby creating a trade for Kingston that in the aggregate, amounted to £20,000, perhaps £30.000, per annum. As was naturally to be expected, a great deal of American money was np with our own current coins. Its use was confined to Kingston, as the facilities for exchange prevailed only here. We remem ber when dimes and even picayunes were freely given and taken by our people. About this time an order in council declared American gold coins a legal tender In all Paris of the British dominions, at two and a half per cent aboye the value of the RngKgfr