Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 23, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 23, 1866 Page 2
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,40 tobtmc. , TBI-WEEKLY-A*D WEEKLY. OFFICE, Ko. 31 fUEK-ST. There are torw editions of the Ttamiaaed. lit. £rrrj nomine, for orealtOoa t>r earner*, aersmes »sd toe malls, 11. TheTK-WMatr, Monday*,' Wed u»l*y» Fnday*, tor the mail* ooly» ud the Wotsw. on TtarwlayvSatoa malts .and tale stout eoaitr-r aedhr aewsmat. * Terns «f the Cbleace Tribune: Dnlj delivered m the city (per v«Q • _ 23 “ ** W qttutrr).— 2.2 J D*J’y. to war lubacrtbers (per aatsn, pays- . m Veto advance) Ttl-WcckJv, (per aoturo, payaolc la advance) d.OO WVttir. (per austun, payab eto *dvaace)„... 2.00 (T* PracUora'. pain of tfca year at the «ame rates, pr Pcr-OE* rwnitnaz »nd ordcrla* five or more copin of the Tri-Wcetdr or WocWy odlOooa ouyrruiatcopcr.xntof ttesnbaerlpnen price as s commits! cm. None* to 2»rnKKißTC*.— ln ordering the address ot y«ur paper* cb* prevent delay, be sum and jpciiry wb»i edition y»o t*kt-WeJrtjr, Trt-Weekly, or Pally. Also, clveroarKUtsmendfatare »ddrm ** fr Mo*«y, by Draft, Eipmw, Money order*, ot la Bcd£icredLcacr*.iceTbCi«BlatoariHk. Addrwa, TUIBUNE CP- Chicmao, 111. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 23,1565. FORFEITING STATIC CHARTERS. Not otjv the Executive branch of the Gorcm nert, bat the Judiciary branch, ja« now “stands la lbs v»aj“ ©(enforcing sny ench nonsense as itat • State can commit treason.—Ttwfi. The only portion of the Judiciary branch of the Government known to “ stand lutha “way” of such enforcement Is Judge Ruffin, the Chief Justice of the North Carolina bogus State Government. He declares that the present organization of North Carolina Is illccal, and that the Convention which an nulled the ordinance of secession and repu diated tbc State rebel war debt, was called “ without the consent of the people of North “ Carolina, by the President of the United “ States, under an act ol elfcar and despotic “ usurpation.” On the other hand, the “Executive branch «fthc Government” declares that this act was lep«l and constitutional, right and proi>cr. Soon after Johnson assumed the Presidency he issued a proclamation de claring that »o civil law existed la North Cirolins.„Therebellion had forfeited and. nudered null and void tbc political organi zation ofthc State, which was then ruled and governed by martiallaw. He appointed a Provisional Governor, ordered an election for delegates to frame a new Constitution, dhcctcd who should rote and who had for feited their right of suffrage, declared that white rcluds wore disfranchised, and refused to allow black loyalists to exercise tbe Iran chise. And after tbe Convention was thus chrjeu be ordered it to do certain things and forlade it doing other things. Whatever Constitution and laws exist In North Carolina, whatever State charter or political corporation is in force in that State, owe their parentage to the Executive will, act Inc on Uil aesuroptloa that a “State’’ i;m commit treason, that North Carolina did commit treason, and therein forfeited and annulled her entire political organiza tion. <ct i n othe r rebel States were “rehabilita- te a " in the ?nuie manner, and received lh<fc* cUartcisai d ordinances from the samcou thority us North Carolina, viz: Andrew John son. And the Copperhead party have en dorsed his acts, and insist that those govern merits thus erected by the Executive on the at-hes of the former State governments, shall tic recognized by Congress as lawful and bona fide Slate organizations, and admitted In stantly and unconditionally, to an equal par ticipation In the Government and privileges of the Union. If those new ;Slate corporations made by Andrew Johnson are rohd,w|U some Copper head inform us what invalidated and forfeited the former corporations—several of .whom were older than the Constitution of the United States, and dated back to the Revo lution ? Were thcyannulled In consequence of the inhabitants using them to promote re bellion and destruction of the Union ? Was it not because the corporators and office 1 holders were involved in the crime of rebel lion, aid bad employed the machinery and authority of those State charters to carry on their rebellion ? The grave mistake made by Andrew John son was. not in bolding end declaring that the State organization of the rebel States were forfeited und had become null and void, and that new Constitutions most be created and new Governments erected ; but bis mis take consisted In assuming that the Execu tive individual constituted the United States Government and was clothed with unlimited powers. He thought himself an Emperor when btLjraa only a President. H® entirely overlooked the very important constitutional provision which declares that the making, rt ■ voftltatt »nd amending of all law* l« vested in Cmpri**, and not in the Executive; and that ttic'simple duty of the President Is to see that the laws and rcgulaiions made by Cvngrers are enforced and obeyed. II he had called Congress together In extra session, immediately after the assassination of President Lincoln, and pointed out in his message that the conquered rebel Stales were destitute of lawful civil government, the former ones having been forfeited by the rebellion of their citizens, and tbal he was rulirg tho»e communities by military law, until Congress should prescribe when and how civil Governments mail be erected, he would hare performed his sworn duly, and raved the country all the subsequent confusion and excitement which have afflict cd It. TUB tmiPPIKG-POSr. When the Chicago Times beard the role* asking “ Why persecutes! thou me,” ami when the scale* had fallen from its eyes suf ficiently to enable it to recognize the negro at a man and a brother, with all that fer vency and zeal that belong to an enemy changed to a friend, it, with great force and truth, denounced the false conservatism of the Democratic party and the rebels, as rank Bnurlu.Liism. The term, expressive as it Is of Uindnesa and stupidity, is very appro* X-raute. At the Sooth, and nowhere more camvslly than in Kentucky, Maryland and Virginia, there are men in every village who confidently believe that slavery will bo re* tiered. They look upon tbe abolition* cl slavery as one of those incidents of tbe war. as the burning of a railroad bridge or the destructldn of a mill, which the United Slates In One time will remedy, either by rebuilding, or by making foil com* pentailim to the outraged owners. , These men are Democrats; they can trace their lln* cage-through a long line of ancestors who never worked fi,: r* living; they would resent as a gross personal affront, any doubt as to their superior intelligence, and they nuhCil talincly declare that any attempt to cjirry on this Republic without slavcrymust prove an utter failure. Their test of political Wl3- u Is zeal for slavery, and their ten of gentility is an igno rance and contempt of labor. Dying, these people will beqncath to their descendant? the claim against the Government for slaves lost lathe war, or for a,return of an equal number of blacks, when slavery shall be re stored. ’ The Southern statesmen, it Is said, in re constructing have yielded much to North cm prejudices—in fact, have surrendered everything except their “ unsullied' 1 honor.” The Frcedmcn’a Bureau law, and the Civil Rights bill, though nothing but ordinary provisions for the protection of hu manity from oppression, *"~Wcrc ter rible outrages upon Southern' honor. The '• honor” of these people Is not only pe culiar In itself, bnt it is peculiarly an institu tion at the South. It has several tributary institutions and privileges equally peculiar. Slavery, when It existed, embraced them aft ; but now that slavery has perished, the other? arc cherished the more ardently. The right to shoot a negro was, until the enact mint of the Civil Rights law. Inseparable Irom the proper defence of ” personal hon or.” The right to make the negrqea work and then turn them off without any wages, was another Incident- of South ern honor, which the Freedman's Bu reau has partially crushed out. To the deprivation of all these privileges', peculiarly belonging to tire peculiar honor of thi* superior race, these rcbcK have sob milted when they could not help it; and they atk, with Governor Perry and Andrew Johnson. What more could be reasonably ex pected ? One of tbc institutions of these peculiar people was tbe whipping-post. It was an cK-cnlisl feature oi tbe slavery system. Cities might do without gas or wptcr, but society would be consulted Ih the absence o; the whipping-post. Villages and towns might get along reasonably well •without post offices or telegraph sta tions, but the whipping-post was an indispensable necessity of the Christian civilization of the people. The'ignorant Yankees might commence their villages with a school-house, but thccbivalric people of the South erected a whipping-post as tbc first step in all social progress. As the old est inhabit t-nts recall their knowledge of th * time when the city orviliagoin which they reside bad no hotel, public school, church, bank, or court hoove, so the auUqoariaM of the Sou'b date tbclr chronology from the erection of the first and succeeding whipping-posts. Gen eration after generation have grown up under the shadow of tbe whippingpost, and society has learned to regard Iras one of those essentials which ifriritbdrawn would prod* ce thd general ruin of all things. Other people have their cock-fights, their rat-haita. their dog matches and their prize tights, bat what arc these to the' tender excU.menta of the whipping-post! Dogs, and rats, and prize fighters arc brutes, but for thfe refli e nient of cruelly tbc whlpping-po.-t is tbc place. Could there be greater enjoyment lor men of high honor, and ladies worthy of being ihclr companions, than to fit on horse back and witness the diversions at the whippingpost?' Coaid there be asrthltu: ‘more amusing than to see an old man, with -whitened locks, with botbarm* tied high up on the post, and his back bared, writhing and trembling coder the successive lasbcs ol tbc whip? . Or to see thebloid spouting at every lash? That, was a feast which the Homan patricians enjoyed, and the Southern f-oople arc not inferior to the Romans ! But ■ hat was not ail the entertainment that-thc whipping-poet afforded'. IVoracn were whipped there. Toung women, girls, moth ers, wires, grandmothers were them stripped to the waist, and sequrged with the bloody lash until every feeling of. pride and • shame was torn from them with their blood. General Sickles, recently ordered that tbc whipping-pest should be discontinued. Ac tooted by ‘Northern 'radicalism, he rcn. lay tbh heavy hand of military power upon this most cherished of the few remaining institutions of tbc South. He for bade the whipping of men and women. Ho forbade the application of the lash to the"pcr. sons of free men and free women. Tb» order was defied. The Southern heart was fired. There were two things that could be done, one was to appeal to Andrew Johnson, and the other to fight. They resolved to do They had yielded much to radical bm. They had yielded everything hut their “unsullied honor,” and that honor was so identified with the whipping-post, that tbo one vonld not be destroyed without destroy ing the other. The extreme has been reached at last. The South will never give up the whipping-post! It Is part of tbc South ; It Is one 'of the pU-' lars of the social febrlc. it has come down to them from a part age. It has been an insti tution for the,diversion of the people. It is. one of their gods, and before they will aban-1 don It they, will die. They wQI renew the re bellion. With aflagonwhlch will bclnscrib cd ** The whipping-post or death,” they wDI renew the war.' The attempt to destroy it will rouse every man, woman and child to arms. The Judges are already calling upon the governors to call oat the troops to pro tect the whipping-posts. -The internecine war of which Andrew Johnson gave promise has commenced, and Andrew Johnson has united with tbe rcbelsand shouts with them,- “ The whipping-post foreverl” If Congress has any doubt as to the neces sity and propriety of putting au Immediate end to the mockery of governments existing In tbc rebel the whipping posts, should satUiy them, that the Boor- ttunlsm oftbc South is inveterate, oed {hat •.bey will never learn anythjpg that U not. brought to their knowledge by the IrrcslaU- • ble logic of force. After four years -of war, and alter eighteen months of reconstruction, these Bourbons still act as if that war bad made no change m the condition of the blacks, end that Southern honor could only be vindicated by inflicting Itripes upon Amer ican freemen. Let Congress then, without delay, bury these Johnson -rebel Governments together with the whipping-posts, in one common grave, and erect In those districts Governments founded upon principles of freedom and civilization. THE MEXICAN ODOOI.E. The announcement that the mission of General Sherman and Mr. Campbell to Mexico Las proved an entire failure, may be icadily hedeved, as may also the statement lbit the General is altogether disgusted witli (be business. It looks very much os though the Government had sent them off on a fool’s errand. In fact, the recent management of the Mexican question, we arc inclined to think, will neither add to Mr. Seward’s reputation as a statesman, nor achieve what was doubtless a leading purpose, the rescue of Mr. Johnson’s administration from merit ed contempt. The American people strongly sympathise with the Republican Government of Mexico, and deprecate the interference of the Emperor Napoleon to overthrow JL Nevertheless, they are conscious that this Interference has proved a complete and humiliating fall are to its anther, and is rc> cognized as such a failure throughout Eu rope. They arc assured that the Monroe doctrine has been vindicated by the J r iana themselves, and by the triumph o,' the North over the rebellion, without an armed quarrel between ourselves and France hav-’ log become at all necessary. The Emperor promised that his troops should .bo with drawn within a specified time, in three di visions, the first In November last. ££c has not withdrawn that division, and says ho was Induced to change hU details of with- I drawal solely by military considerations; | that he feared the withdrawal of a por- I Uon now would dangerously expose the re -1 malnder, and that he therefore determined to I withdraw them all In a body next spring. I He thus proposes to fulfil tho only material I point of hia promise, the evacuation of Mex ico within a given period, although he finds 1 himself compelled, as a measure of military precaution and necessity, to vary the de tails oi his original plan. All this ho ex plained In-person to Minister Bigelow, to that gentleman’s entire satisfaction; and tbciccan he co reasonable doubt, of his in tention to carry oat the spirit of his undertaking in good faith. He has been made aware by the events of the iastfiveyears, that the American people will not tolerate his continued presence in Mexico, forthc purpose of suppressing republican in stitutions, and that even if there were no snch opposition on our part, his adventure, has proved too barren oi glory and too ex jxmslvc in cash to be persisted in. He will therefore withdraw, as he has promised. The people do not care s button whether he takes his Frenchmen away in one ship ment or three, so that he takes them away r as be most and will. Yet Mr. Seward’s celebrated despatch to Mr. Bigelow looked very much like'a proposition to find a cause of war in this difference of details. It was virtually a notification that this Gov ernment would not tolerate any departure from the of the agreement. It is said that Napoleon has answered very briefly, de clining to be hurried, and declaring that In the event of any attempt to harry him, “ France can only consult her own honor.” Whether this is or not, we do not know. Bat Mr. Seward’s despatch, which reads like little less than an open threat of war, was made public some time ago, and Napoleon’s troops have not moved'an inch In consequence. Mr. r Reward apparently stands In the position, somewhat unenviable, of having tried to frighten an antagonist with empty menaces, and of having failed. Meantime the Itiner ant commission he sent off to settle the af fairs of Mexico, rethrns, like Noah’s dove, without finding a resting place for the soles of its feet. . » The recent movements of Maximilian hare developed another feature of the Mexican question. which la interesting pother than surprising. Having announced hia deter mination to abdicate, and havinc. In fact, virtually thrown aside' hia imperial robes .»nd betaken himself to retirement, the mer chants and the Church party became clamorous for hia return, and offered large bums'of money to maintain his government. Be was therefore proclaimed anew, and la, it would 'seem, disposed to try his hand atm further, even without (he support of France. But the most interesting feature of Uds movement, is the ’development of a strong anti-American ‘ feeling among the Mexicans, as strong pAd determined, appa rently,-as U was in IS4C, when they rallied with so much enthusiasm to repel the inva ders- True, this feeling was exhibited by • the aristocratic party, which !«' naturally 'hostllfe to onr liberal Institutions; neverthe less there is no doubt it extends far beyond ;LU party. The Liberals no donbt enter- tain friendly sentiments toward this Got ornment; bntJhe moment that party should S restored to. power, them is little doubt c ancient Jealousy of the Mexicans against the United States would revive. They have not forgfflteo that they once exercised jurisdiction over Terms and California, and that those States were wrested from them by thcforceoforms. The report that the Uni ted States is expecting territorial compensa tion for interfering in behalf of Jnarez, whether true or false, tqas the most power ful argument of the Imperialists, and one of the strong incentives for the recent effort to induce Maximilian to remain. * * fBORAfc liCPOBH IN NBfT FORK, The laws of every Government provide severe penalties for the crime of bribery, and tbc penalties arc incurred as well by those who give as those who accept the bribe. Such laws arc to be fonnd on the statute book of every State In this country. The State of Kcw York, however, a year ago took a step in advance of any other, aad made it a penal offence to bribe Any member of a political nominating Convention, or- s voter at any primary meeting. The exact motive for Ibis law docs not appear. A party Convention is not an-official body, nevertheless the Legislature interposed Us .authority and provided for the fine and Im* prisonment of any may bribe a member of such Convention to rote for him. This law is pecollarly hard upon the politicians In New Tork City, where, owing to the past preponderance of the Demo* crstlc party, regular nominations are equiv alent to elections. The Conventions being composed of only thirty or forty persons in each district, ail that a candidate has to do ia to secure the votes of a majority of this small number of delegates, and his election follows. V>*e suppose the Legislature acted upon the principle that as tbc nominations were lu. tact the elections, they should be recognized as such, and therefore they should be kept pure and bribery prohibited. An attempt has been made to enforce this law at Brccklyn. and has produced tbe ut most consternation among, the professional politicians of the two cities. Each one asks his fellow, ** If this law Is to be put in opera tion, who Is sa/e ?” and professional delegates denounce tbe law as a puritanical Invention to depriyc worthy men of tbc means of maklncan honest livelihood One Barnes, and i one Knlhfldsch asd others, were candidates before the Democratic Convention of Klnes County for the nomination for Congress. The Convention was divided between the several candidates, and the contest continued for over a month, the Convention adjourning from day to day. Finally It settled doifn equally between Barnes and Kalbflciscb, and remained In that condition until one morning when upon taking a ballot Barnes bad a ms* jority and * was nominated, and wus of course electcck The Grand Jury has Indicted Barnes for bribery in purchasing the votes of delegates, and KalbfleUch, the defeated can didate, bos also been Indicted for the same offence. Proof is abundant, and If the law lUelfean be sustained, they must be convict ed. "We presame, however, that there will "b*e jnst as much bribery the next time, but less proof within reach of the Grand Jury. t5T* Tbc Cincinnati JBwjuinr and tbc New York IFbfM attempt to account for the Ire* mendons Copperhead defeats of the past year by charging a rcmlssncss upon party leaders in distributing documents and newspapers. Had the Democrats, says tbc Enquirer, been half os indefatigable In procuring subscribers for tbe Enquirer, as the Radicals have for their sheets, they would have retrieved their ascendancy in the State and General Govern ments. This Is a wrong solution of the cause of their overthrow. The more papers and documents the Copperheads distribute, the worse they are beaten. Their best chance of success depends on keeping documents and papers ont of tbe bands of their voters. When aV‘ Democrat” takes to reading the. papers of bis party, his curiosity Iff soon ex-; cited to'see what tbe other aide is saylng,; and he begins to borrow papers from his Re publican neighbor. He shortly perceives that his party is in the wrong, and that his “Democratic” paper Is filled with falsehoods, scurrilities, sneers, concealments and dlstor tions'of the truth. The result ls,tbat in a short time he becomes disgusted, quits the party, and votes the Radical ticket. In this way the Republican party is contiaaallr rccelv ; ing accessions to Us ranks. The true policy - lor the leaders of a party ‘Mounded on great immoral ideas,” Is to keep tbo rank and flic as Ignorant and prejudiced as possible. A. little learning Is a dangerous thing among “Democratic” voters. In the counties and districts where the Chicago Timet circulates most largely, the Democratic party is pretty tnnch used up, and no paper over’ fought harder for Copperhcadism, pore and unadul terated, than that sheet. A reading, reflect ing people never elect each men to Congress fra John Morrissey or Ben. Wood. jSf* Did the Chi capo Tims never hear of . a charter betas forfeited or annulled on account of the malfeasance or misfeasance ot the officers or the compa ny f It had better commit some lawyer or law student on the subject and pet posted before It makes another exposure of Ita Igno rance) If the rebels employed the charter or corporation of a “State ” to aid resistance ; to the lawful authority ot the Supreme Gov ernment, It was the Constitutional right and Munden duty of the Government to abolish inch charter, or corporation, and shoot or imprison the office-holders found exercising their official functions In aid of the rebellion. Is a paper ordinance or charier, or corpor- tion more sacred Ilian the makers of it? Is the clay of higher consequence than the potter? If the National Government may blow rebellions citizens to pieces with gun powder, or capture and bang them, or burn or confiscate their property, why has it not equal authority to annnl or displace any charter or corporation under which such re bclllcn Is conducted, and to prescribe other rules and regulations in harmony with the National authority, for their Aiture observ ance and government ? Currency Contraction* Secretary McCulloch’s policy of currency contraction meets with almost universal condemnation. Every exchange we open has something in opposition to It. The people arc becoming alarmed and aroused. The views presented by the writer of the follow ing letter—Bon. Harrison Noble, of McLean County—reflect the Ideas In the public mind on this subject: Hrrwourn, December 19,1668. MrtEnrron:—1 seethe Secretary of the Treas ury recommends the withdraw from circulation of Treasury notes, and tbc consequent reduction of the circulating medium, la order to reduce prices of all commodities from what be calls their pres ent Insisted standard to a specie basis. Hie depredation of the circulation of Treasury sqtca, leads me to Inquire what good could be ac complished by their withdrawal from circulation, or what barm would attend should tb*y remain as at present, or ts.lhey were one year ago. Suppose four hundred millions of'Treasury notes ore now m circulation, as is estimated by the Assistant Comptroller of the Cumncy.twenty four millions of Interest la aavedto the Govern ment annually ou tha l amount, conoting interest el six per cent. Twenty-four millions oaved to the Government b last the same amount eared to the people. Why, ther, withdraw ihc Treasury notes, and nav an additional twenty-tour millions ot Interest? VTbj not ke«*r* «i-much of thr thousand five hundred millions ot public debt in Tteoeory note* aspoulblef But the Secretary fays the circulating medium mut bo recuccd, or financial rnin will -peedCy ensue from inflati n of price*, speculation and overtrading. Docs the *»ecrriary properly appre ciate all the circumstances whlchbsve an influence on *UI« ours ion? Ue deprecates high prices, bull would ask how the reduction oi price* at this tune, to a specie basis, would benefit fire peo ple! Can a fanner nay a tax of two or tbreo Hun dred dollars annually any easier when pork and beef ore worth "bereo dollars a hundred, than he can when they are worth ten dollars a hundred ? Would his com. sold at tea cents a bushel, and wheal at forty cents a bushel, pay a d>b< or a tax vlib more Utility than be can pay it at the present umef The case for the farmer is dear. ilow la it for the merchant and manufacturer! Doe* not the same rule govern their business that .doe-the fitment When nosey is nlen'y, trade active and prices remunerative, all classes are prospetous, and payments are prompt!? made Id this question of finance the people have •some rights as well as Interests. The necessities of war compelled the Issue of the unusual amount of paper money now circulating, sod the National dent was made when »he values were correspond ingly depressed. Tha: debt and its interest must necessarily be paid. It Is the people s debt, and the people have II to par; but have they not a right to ail reasonable facilities to enable them to meet those great outstanding obligations? While two &'id a half billions of debt, with Us annually accraieg Interest has to bo paid by the people, what right ha- oar financier to cnauge the base of the debrro as to Increase tho interest twcnU-fonr mUilcms annually, while the same process Jbat Increases the amount of Interest required, de creases the ability of the people to cay? Our financial condition Is now no enigma. The same policy which brought us so safely through the war, has not tailed us in two yean of peace. We have shown to the word how a government of the people can cany tfn a war of immense uiigcs j lude tor four years, without contracting^a foreign debt, ard at Ira close return to and pkrane Tea* peaceful avocations without a financial revulsion. The financial po’ley which accomplished these E‘al ends, is worthy of further trial, and until it is to xneeijha necessities of the people and of the Government, no change will be tolerated by the people. Hatuusos Nobu. POLITICAL. The President fcas pardoned the rebel General Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky. Be has de clined to he a candlAta for United Slates Senator from that State. Don. J. Clancy Jones, of whom we have not beard much lately, is the candidate for the empty honor of Democratic support in Pennsylvania, for United Slates Senator. Hiester Clynser will doubtieve receive Jhat “honor.” The Taunton (Mass.) StfMican says the recent appointment of a bitter Copperhead as post masters! Mansfield, naturally awakened a strong foeline of Indignation on the pan of the citlaens. Efforts were Immediately made to secure a revo cation of his appointment, and they have beoo so faranecessfni u to induce the Postmaster General to recall his commission. The Georgia Conatitutionettn favors Horace Greeley as the Copperhead candidate for Presi dent In 1563. It says: “ Why should not the tfonthsnd the Democracy, laving aside prqndtcc, regain Ifcelr position under the leadership of Horace Oreelcyf There is not la Horace Greeley's record half so n.nch to forget,* of what most men call hateful, as In Andrew Johnson’s or In Wa. U Seward's.” * Twcoty-flve Republican papers in MUtnrl favor the election of Hon. Charles D. Drake a« United Senator, while eleven bare signified their prefer ence tor Governor Fletcher. Some of the German papers favor the election of Judge Krekel. Freman Clarke, late Comptroller of the careen? cr, ia added to the list of candidates for the Uni ted States Senate in Sev York. A Goon Ex Anns.—The corruptions of Legisla ture# can seldom bo reached by law, bet It Is en couraging that a member of the Mew Jersey Lej lature, convicted of selling hia vote, has been eentenred to Imprisonment for one year and for ever precluded from bolding office. A few exam ples of this kind In onr own Legislature might have a wholesome effect. The trouble Is, that übftethe existence of bribery Is notorious, Che fact Is not easy to prove The Democracy of Kentucky talk of bringing forward Basil Date, the notorious ex-Confcderalr gnerilla General, aa a candidate for Governor of that State. The Memphis Appeal appeals to the Democracy of Kentucky to **honor themsenos”, by electing him. v Tbc following gentlemen are named as candi date* for the Belted States Senator from Nevada to fill Nyc’s vacancy: C, W. Dclone. J. W. Nye, Ibomss Fitch, J. B. Winters, B. C. Whitman, a. W. Baldwia-asd J. Neeley Johnson—seven In aIL fbe friends of Nye and DeLong each claim a sure (blue forth eir favorite. „ Mr. Wilson, tbc old Assessor of lateral Revenne at St. Pani, Minnesota. having declined to yield bis place to Colonel Woods, bis A. Johnson sac cctrot, vh* latter gentleman has started an oppo sition shop, and they sow have two Assessor’s office* 1c that dty, with a prospect of lively 1 com petition. _ Ballromd natters* A Council BlnS* letter of the 17th Instant says: ' \ - Work on the 8U Joseph and Conceal Blot* Rail road Is progressing slowly. The company, ralltnp to receive their required sapply of iron by the river, were compelled to ship what they seeded for the completion of tbclr road over the Chicago acd Northwestern: and the iron ia sow at Wood bine, and will be h«aledT>> tcami to this place, and ft* rannulag three miles of track will be laid lids week. Xfc e cars on tbe Chicago A Northwestern road are row running regularly to John’s, twenty mile* north of this cltr. This gives uaa mall Id thirty tours from Chicago. PawzMrtrs leaving Chicago in the morning at eight o clock will ar rive here next day at two p. a. * webciuktb’ cxmM cornier- The Merchants’ Express Company have estab lished an agency here, and are ronnlog a fast 1 fre’cht line to SC John’* dallv. In opposition to , the I western Ttansportatiow Company. This baa a tendency to reduce the prices of freight, com petition b mg the life of any bnrioess. and a de •slderatua leas supplied, yet more generally do mandrut la the freighting business than lu any other line of trade. Mr. Joseph Ames, thp well known Boston art -Ist, f ays the Boston where Bistort la civing him sittings, ft enable him to complete his grand picture of the great (tagtdUnne as “ Medea.” THE WOULD OF AMUSEUENT. Opera, Drama, Art and Liter- jtturc,' Fried Oyster* In Use Opera Hotue-Too BXncb Encorissc— t*a Bonltenrandthe t chi<|tea, Trlbone—A. Bte Orsan for Chicago—Xlio Opera—Bialorl and J. \Grnu—matinees and Scarlet Women— A Chicago Girl sn Lnek—Carl Formpa Gone Home—The PJallbornionlc troablM- t( anf the BrizSlelp ner—Genius and Herrings—Chicago Ahead Again* CmcAQO, December tt. Editor* Chlcapo Tribune- Parc pa has bccu in every due's mouth during the past week, and she is no ordinary mouthful. Of course I mean in a musical sense. The Tribuke has already noflecd«tbe con certs in detail, and left me little to do, but it seems to me two points were omitted, viz: 1. Tbo encores 1 * £. Fbied Otbtehs ! I * When Parc pa stimulated with the happy Bateman that aha woni<Pslng two solos per night, and sustain her part in two or three copcertoe, as the ♦case might be, and*'the happy Bateman stipulated that be would pay Pare pa (1,500 per month in the yellow coin of the realm, look after Mr. Parepa and the little Pare pas, the hair dressers, the mo distes and the waiting maids, the hotel bill. cold chicken, Chateaux Margeaux, railroad coupons, etc-, Parepa did not imagine she would have to give two conccrtaJn one even ing. An encore is a very pleasant thing for an artist now and then, bat we submit that encore, bit encore, toujour* encort, encore from top to bottom of tbe programme. Is a little too much like nothing bat caramels Tor din- ner. It Is hard on a singer’s voice,' and for & slight little creature like Parepa, the qnes- tion of locomotion is a serious one.. Think, also, what hard work it is for tbe petiu ac~ Hatton. But then the encores might be endnred were it not for N 0.2. The fried oysters! Did the reader of the Tbibuwe, who docs the opera and the concerts, ever notice that when the Commendatorc grows polite on his marble steed, when Borgia Is comfortably dying, when* Faust is setting off with Me phlsto for a warmer climate, that a pungent and combined boquet of fried oysters, por ter bouse, and Newburyport doughnuts per vades tbe atmosphere? It struck me Mon day night, when Brignoll was “Brarking the morn,” and trying to “wark hij love;” and on Tuesday night, right in tbe middle of tbe African fiatosic. Alter .that all was chaos* —a pot pound ol fried oysters and Liszt, Parepa and fancy roast, Drignqll on the half shell, and Ferranti on a brazier. I have a Ailing for fried oysters In the con- crcte, but mere suggestions intruding them selves upon one’s musical reveries are In bad taste. For this reason 1 shall always regard that Ittlc orifice way up above the family circle. and just under the cornice, with a sinister eye. I now know why It always opens on the home stretch of a concert. Philosophiz ing on this mysterious orifice, I am Inclined to think it is the month-piece of a tube, and that said tube finds its way to a subterranean kitchen, which explains not only lbp milk in the cocoa nnt, but the sudden hunger that seizes on audience, and always spoils the lost piece. It is a long ways from Farcpa to Chinese coins, but will Milwaukee, St. Louis, Cin cinnati, and the other quiet suburbs ot Chi cago believe that Lt JfonUeur, Napoleon's organ, is really discussing the splendid col lection of dynastic Chinese coins owned by Hr. Lake of this city, and rubbing its sleepy old eyes because the Chicago Tbiduxb as scris that the long-tailed mandarins made coins 8,000 years ante ChrUtum, consider ably further back from the old Greek coinage than that is from our nickel nuisances f Le ifontimr wants to see that collection, and Mr. Lake Is going to gratify the Gauls by sending it over to the Exposition. Speaking of France makes one think of Belgium, and speaking of Belgium, rcmTods me that Scrvals, prince of all violoncello players, Is dead. Educated by the great Pialcl, he rapidly made himself master of hie proiession, and with his magic bow achieved triumph after triumph in England, Germany, Denmark, France and Russia. ’Since 1848 be bos been In the conservatoire at Brussels, and has tanght many pupils who have since become distinguished. One by one the musical links between the past and present are being sundered. Chicago is going to have a Big Organ ) Not only that. Chicago Is going to have the biggest organ ever built in the United States 11 I do not olten use alaog, but I cannot re frain from saying—how are yon Henry Word Bccchcrf Also, how arc you, suburbs ? The Chicago Y. M. C. A. have the matter in hand. John V. FarweU la one of the cary atides t«* hold up the expense. There*will be no financial stop to this organ hut plenty of musical ones. Price, $40,000. Happy builder not yet picked out. Location, Young Mod’s Christian Association build ing. Tbo building of the organ is nothing if the .builder bos room but who Is going to build the player? . Were you lucky enough to get an Invita tion to Baumbach’fl pretty little exhibition the other night—exhibition of sweet young faces in the most charming little toilettes, playing all sorts of pretty things in a man* ncr which indicates that Chicago by-and-by will have some pianists. While all were good for such young players I must be al* lowed to particularize Miss Annie Tinkbam, daughter of E. I. Tmkham.Esq., who played Jaell's Fantosle on themes from Norma so* perbly. Such power, expression and facility of grasping chords and octaves, in one so young, I never heard before. Here we are right on the heels of onera. Strakosch has “ swung round the circle” bunting for greenbacks in the South, which, arc ns scarce as loyalty. He expects to come a out even here, and of course he will, for Max has one good quality. Like George Wash* lugten, he tells the truth. That is wo great credit to man as a species, hut It is wonderful in mas as an Impresario. In general, an impresario conld sec Ananias, and go forty better. ’ Verdi's Trovatore has been dipped in .the fountain of youth. It never grows old, and 'therefore I am not astonished every*, body from Michigan avenue to Robey street is getting ready to go. Capes are coming out of the wax, lorgnettes oat of their cases, and hackmcn are beaming. * All the singers arc old friends, except Irfre, a tenor robnsto, formerly of Maretzek’s troupe, who has the reputation of being the best FKnst In the conptry. Then again, Max is going to astonish the ladles with something elegant and novel In the Use of programmes; something which they can keep among the billet donx and .regrets. I shan’t tell what it Is. Our theatres ought to be ashamed of them* selves. Fora whole week they hare been tanning, the merest stuff. Why can’t we have something legitimate? 1 see Colonel Wood has nnderUncd Fortnnio for this week. Just the thing for Christmas. There are lota of elegant Christmas plays, panto* mimes, ballets, operettas, burlesques, and , scenic pieegi, which our managers ought to be enterprising enough to prepare for the holidays. The trash wc have been deloged with for weeks past. Is utterly beneath con tempt. Do give us something new occasion* ally, and when we have old pieces let them be tolerably good at least* Who vaants to see Griffith Gan« out of his coven. Female Gamblers, Ac., Ac.? Oh! reform It alto* gather! What a relief U will be when Bistort comes —a relief not alone to see a great actress, but also a legitimate drama; to see genius in the actress allied to genius intheplavwright- Think of'. Schiller, Sbakspeare, the great dramatists, and the spirit of the sublime old Greek tragedians, interpreted bj Bistort I of Medea, Mary Stuart, Elizabeth, Judith, Phcrdra. Lady Macbeth, In Chicago ! ' J. Gran will have atoned for all faU short comings by this sublime penance. I forgive him for bis repetition of twenty opens, fif teen of which were *' the Favorite.” I for give him for his husky artists, for hla fiascos, 1 for everything. J. fe. has a talent for the dramatic stage. Let him hereafter eschew the harmonious quarrels of the operaticaud leave them to Maretzek and Max. They know do from rt and aOtgro from andante, J. "G. doesn’t. I have got another bone to pick with our • theatre managers in regard to those after noon performances which they call matinees. I am not ambitious for the martyrdom of prurient prudery, bat 1 ma«t say there Is a fearful processlon~of scarlet women <o and from their Institutions,'Wednesday and Sat : urday afternoons; a sad crowd of rouged and bedizened young girls, many of whom, soon er or later, will become as searlet as their elders; crowds of men, ybo flghflhc tiger nights and adorn the street corners In the , day. and thercspecta tile woman who goes, post in the reflec tion of It! Are the theatres descending from play houses to assignation bouses? I lay It down** a broad rule that nfi mod est, respectable woman shouldgotoatheatre matinee until these autamnsl and withered' leaves are weeded out. 4 At night performances there Is a very close surveillance. -At day performances, none. The result is, the social evil has seized upon the theatres as convenient exchanges, where its internal brokerage can be transacted. By thoby, that little girl Alice Kingsbury, who appeared here once and achieved a fail ure, has come out on the San Francisco boards ard achieved twenty thousand golden dollar* In fifteen nights. Besides that she is a teacher in a Sunday School In San Francisco. Whether the San Francisco theatres arc conducted on the Christian basis or the San Francisco Sunday Schools on a theatrical basis lam not authorised to state. Bat since Sunday School! near Chicago, hired a Colonel Wood's lenturo room for a theatrical performance, lorn prepared for all. sorts of paradoxes. What are our painter* doing f I see Drury boa finished up a sketchy sort of cattle piece which is a great improvement ou previous efforts. There is a good deal of spirit in It, drawing not always correct, grass bad, dis tance very fair and treatment very rigorous for Drury. IsThe whole summer’s sketch ing to go fbr nothing 1 . 2 have Just learned that Carl Formes has gone to Europe aud dcclares bd Gort in Him mei be will never come back to these shores. He might have gone without such emphatic language. For the last two years be has been a musical nuisance, beeping managers in a muddle and audiences in continued^dis gust. Ido sincerely hope he will not imi tate Monsieur Tousotu “Philharmonic” is an unfortunate word. The Kew York Philharmonic Sr artieuia mortis, and must die befbre Spring. The Di rectors say ” unless i{ receives a more gener ous support, the Society will be compelled to suspend the concerts at the close of the present season.” How natural that sounds I - Just what ails our own Philharmonic. Our Philharmonic folks, In sheer despera tion, bare cat Baiatka down, shot the door against any more Camille Ursos, are coming out strong on the home talent, getting mu sic out of the bottom of the barrel, old fan tasies, trombone solos and rocal concertos 1 with the nap ail worn off from tbem; ; in fact, have carried off the warm potage, dainty fish and delicate entrtei, the nuts and meringues, and only left a few slices oi cold meat, with a part of It warmed over, threat Is revenge. If the people won't take tickets, people can’t have music. If you won't pay for a first class dinner, yon mnst take trnsb or go hungry. Befoie I stop, I have another source of trouble for the suburbs: The Sound JliWc, the Eastern publishers, and the Eastern critics have just discovered a genius in the Norwegian otmlist and song writer, Bjorastjerne Bjomscn, and are cack ling over a translation of bis “Arne” like bens over their fresh laid eggs. Bless your souls, Bjomscn and his delicious story of “ Arne" were known and read In Chicago eight years ago. The first English edition of it ever issued was printed exprevSy for Chicago at Bergen, by “U. Geelmoyden’s widow.” The little brig Slelpner arrived here one fine summer’s afternoon, all the way from Norway, with a cargo of stock fl«b and atrocious herrings. Mrs. Gceltfty*' den bad an edition of Arne translated into English by a native Norwegian, thus pre serving the Idioms, printed it on her own Caloric press and shipped it per Slelpner to Chicago. Chicago is ahead again! Here Is one of the songs from it—foil of poetry and musk: He went In the forest the uhoie day long. The whole day long; For (here be had beard such a wondroua song, A wondrona song. He fashioned a flute from a willow spray, A-wniowßitil^ To see if within it the sweet tune lay, The sweet mo-, lay. It whispered and told him its name at last, Its name at last; Dot then while be listened away It passed, Awav it passed. Dot oft when be slumbered again U stole. Again It stole With touche* of love unonbls aoui. Upon bis sou. Then be tried to catch it and keep it fast. And keep it fast. Bathe woke, and away i’ the night It passed, 1’ the night ft passed. 44 My Lord t let me pus to the night, I pray. In the night, 1 prav; For the tnoe baa taken roy heart away, My bean away.” Then answered the Lord: 44 It is thy friend, It Is thy friend. Though not for an hour shall thy longing end, Tby longing end; And all tho others are nothing to thee, - Nothing to thee; To this that thou seekeat and never shall see, Never shall see.” And this exquisite gem. like tho Jewel In the toad’s head, camealUhe way to Chicago from Norway eight years ago among the atrocious herring. Pbeeqhive. UNDERGROUND STREAMS, The Great Lakes of the Northwest Supplied from Invisible Sources. Letter <Vom George A* Shoifeldc* Jr. Editors Chicago Tribune: IT wo Uko down the map of North Amer ica, and follow around the borders of oar chain of Great Lakes, wo will find that the tributaries for supplying tho mighty torrent of water which poors in immense volumes over tho Falls at and thence through the 81. Lawrence to the sea, are few In number and insignificant In effect. Lake Superior, the largest body of fresh water in the world, has an area of 32,0CX) square miles and a mean depth of one thousand feet. There arc a few small streams, none worthy of the name of rivers, which find their out let In this lake—tho St. Louis and Ontona gon arc the larger* of these ; but there Is, probably not water enongh discharged into the lake to make op fbr the atmospheric ab sorption and evaporation. The entire State of Wisconsin, even from the very borders of Lake Superior, Is drained by rivers, which flow Into', and are tributa ries of; the Mississippi. These are. In chief, the Wisconsin River, the Black, Chippewa, Fox and Rock Rlvefs, the waters of which all flow southward, to the Gulf of Mexico. The whole State of Minnesota with its thousands of lakes and streams may be called the mother of the Father of Wa ters—for all of her waters which do not gather into the great Red River of the North arc discharged into the Mississippi, and do not contribute to keep up the supply of Lake Superior; and-on the northern shore of the lake, in the British possessions, there are no rivers which flow in this, direction. Here the current is the other way and the .steamers find their way to Hudson’s Bay and other more northerly seas. The outlet .of Lake Superior is the River St. Mary’s—a stream of considerable magnitude—which discharges the surplus waters of the lake in tbedirection of Lake Huron. Lake Superior Is C 27 feet above the sea level. If we examine the surroundings of Lake Michigan we shall find the evidences of this theory still more striking. This lake baa an area of 15,400 square miles, and a mean depth ofooo feet- It is above the sea level 578 feet or forty-nine' feet below Lake Su perior. It is also an Immense body of water, whose sole apparent sources of supply ard ftmnd in a few small streams which flow into it from the State of Michigan. The largest of these are the Grand and Han. Utce Rivers ; from Wisconsin there is only one small stream, the Milwaukee River at Milwaukee. From Illinois there Is only the Chicago River, a sluggish stream without a current; and Indeed there is, at only ten miles distance from the banks of the lake south and wett, the water shed called tbe Summit, which separates the waters which flow into the St. Lawrence from those which flow into the Golf of Mexico, and,from the southern dope of this Summit, flowlngsonthwar«!,ls the Anx Plaines River, a tributary of the Illinois. So that Lake Michigan gets no water from Illinois, but a trifle from Wisconsin and very litt’c from Michigan. And vet the Straits of Mackinaw carry off a Bugs quantity of water from this lake, and Lake Michigan famishes itedae proportion ofthe great current which posses over the Falls of Niagara. Now, the question arises, whence comes this great vol* thne and mass of running water ? Geologists are tolerably familiar with the subject of underground streams rftd water course*. They know that the crust of the Garth is full of these streams, and although from the fact that they are generally con cealed from sight, there must be considerable speculation concerning them,' yet there are cases such as in the Mammoth Cave in Ken tucky, the Aaelsberg Mountains In Switzer land, and numerous artesian wells scattered all over the*world, the lost rivers on our Western prairies, Ac., from which a positive ’knowledge’ may be derived concerning the rtatnre and history of these rbck-bouod rivers. The artesian wells in London famish noi about 12,000,000 of gallons of water d*Uy. This Is the seepage of the vallev In which the great city Is located. The water from the whole country surrounding finds' its way along the 111: s and Inclinations of the broken strata, below the chalk beds, In among the sands and gravel, from whence it is taken by boring-lnto the ground to the depth of about n)0 feet. It does not appear probable that there are any considerable streams in this vicinity, for the entire of the underlying gravel beds seem, as It were, saturated with water, which,ls reached at any point of per foration. These remarks apply to the wells of Gre nelle and of Passy, in the basin of Paris, with the exception In the case of the latter that they struck an amaring stream of water eighteen hundred feet below the surface which discharges uear’y six millions of gal lons per day, rushing to the surface with great power and velocity. This Is strong evidence, certainly, of a greht underground stream at this point. The great weirs of Kissingen. In Bavaria, at Munden, In Han over, at Louisville, in Kentucky, Charleston, S. C*. and hundreds of others, many- of which arc two thousand feet deep, dlschaj-g* lag great volumes of water—all tend to demonstrate the faet that the cruat-of the earth Is penetrated In all directions and at all depths with these streams and water courses. Adopting this as a conceded f*ct, let us once more turn to the map of North America and note particularly the point where the thirty-second degree of west longitude crosses the forty-fourth parallel of ifbrth latitude. Within a radius of five huh dred miles, of which this is the centre. will be found the great water producing, region of the West- In this derated and comparatively onoren surlacß of the country nearly all of the great rivers of the West hare their source* and fountain-headk. ■ First the Missouri, with it* innumerable branches and tributaries, among which aretbeTellow stone and the North Fork of the Platte, the Arkansas, the Red River, the Rio Grande, all flowing from the eastern and southern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and finding their way through thousand* of miles of country to the Gulf of Mexico. On the western slope Is the Rio Colorado, which empties Into the ’Golf ot California, and which la formed by the union of the Grand and Green Rivers, the sources of which are also within the terri tory shore mentioned. The same statement is true of the Colombia. River flowing 1 through the State of Oregon lijto the Pacific, and of the other great streams and rivers which floiP northward and westward Into the Pacific and the Northern Oceans. Thus tbe knowlcdge'we already * possess of the surface streams of this great extent of territory all tend to demonstrate the truth of the theory In relation to the water pro* dneing region, its location^-extent and ca pacity, and. also that on the snrfhce there Is hut comparatively a small amount of this water which finds Its way Into our Great Lakes. 1 It Is a well-known fact to travellers on our Western Plains, thaf large streams, often riv- i era in size, suddenly disappear, failing away I Into great fissures and chasms, sometimes re appearing, bat more frequently lost forever; where aodlnwhat manner does this water find an outlet I What becomes of tho mw of water which falls upon tbe earth andjls ab sorbed by tbe soil and the rocks below the beds of rivers and streams ? The crust of tbe earth abounds In water to unknown depths, and from the nature of the element, it must create for Itself ways and courses of travel, as plainly beneath as upon the surface. And ! now. If the Great Lakes are not supplied by I

means which are upon the surface and appa rent to the eye, It follows as a natural con sequence that their sources of supply must be underneath tbe ground. The outlet of these lakes discharges an enormous quantity of water, tbe visible inlets are mere trifles in comparison—and thus there seems to be no other conclusion on tbe subject hot that the supply comes from below the snrface of the ground. This water probably finds inlets at different points on the bottoms of the lakes, and maintains tbe snpply with as much certainty and regularity as if tho streams were tunning on the surface of tbe ground- This theory la further, and I think inure particularly demonstrated by the great mass and volnme of water which is now be-, lug discharged by tbe Chicago artesian well*. These are over seven hundred feet deep— nearly penetrating the earth to a line paral lel with tbe bottom of Lake Michigan—aye located In no great valley or depression, such j as the basins of Paris or London. The water : has a head of nearly one hundred and twenty flve feet above tho level of the lake; Is much colder than the mean temperature of ! the location of tho wells, being nows 7 degrees Fahrenheit; these facts tending tQ show lh°.t 5i most come from a more elevated rc ] gion of country, and also from a higher lati- I lude. There are two other Cicts eorrobora -1 tire of this point: When tbe'water was first struck the temperature was SO degrees Fahrenheit; it has fallen now 3 degrees, or to 57. Then the first .analysis oi tbe water exhibited 73 grains to the wine gallon of mineral matter held In solution; the second analysis, made only one year afterwards, showed only 50 grains of the same matter. These facts, taken in connection with the great bead of the water, seem to establish conclusively that It comes from some remote region of the North- or North west, It is also probable that the great under' ground stream, penetrated by these wells, once discharged its waters Into the bottom of Labe Michigan; bnt this ontlet was closed by tbonpbeaval of the earth’s crust, which is Tlsible at the point of the location of these veils, and at the present time there Is no outlet except the artificial one made by the drill. This supposition la proved by the bead and. the great force and power of the water, for If It bad a lower outlet, anything like the size of the stream, it would not show a bead much, if any, above the surface of the ground, and it Is also sustained by the facts stated above—first, the decrease of the tern* peratnre of the water from fifty-nine degrees to fifty-seven degrees, and tbs diminution In quantity of mineral matter hcltf In solution —the latter fact seeming clearly to prove that prior to the time when, the drills pene trated tbe stream, the water had dissolved and absorbed a large quantity of the soluble matter of the rocks with which It came in contact is Its state of rest. As soon as an opening or outlet was made, and a quantify of water was discharged, this mineral mat ter decreased in proportion, and tbe proba bility now is that the trater will become I softer and purer as the amount discharged becomes greater, and that eventually, and probably at no distant day, the water will come from Us fountain-head, simply filtered and purified by Its passage through the sand stone and gravel beds. That the outlet of this stream into Lake Michigan Was closed by the volcanic up heaval of the earth, and rocks, is a probable conclusion, which 'can be verified by an in- 1 apcctlon of the grounds on which these wells arc located. Tbe surface hero is only some seven or eight feet above the level of the surrounding prairie; but geologically or stntagrapblcally, it Is nearly one hundred and fifty feet above tbe common level of Chicago, that is, at about one mile distant eastward and into the city. We bore into the soil nearly one hundred and fifty feet before reaching the same rock, which is here exposed upon* the surface, and at the well bored at the Chicago Distillery Company’s premises on the North Branch, they penetrated the Joliet marble at a depth, I believe* of one hundred and eighty-six fret, which, at the other point Is only twenty-nine feet from the surface; this *aod various other facts show the nature' and extent of this convul sion. And that It vas no difficult feat of nature to dam up this comparatively trifling underground stream, and le&ve its waters pent up in the - rocks and caverns for the fh ture use and henefit'of mao. I don't kntfw that these speculations will be of sufficient interest to make them pub- Uc, bnt they may have the effect of direct ing some abler pen to tbe eolation of tbe problem as to tbe sources from whence the Great Lakes derive their supply of water. Geo. A. SscrsLOT, Jr. CmcAoo, November, 19C6. WEASEL ts. SNAKE. Flglkt benvMn an lelweamon and a Cobra. In a letter to the Madras Timet, dated Tricliinopoly, signed by three officers of the Indian service, we find the following Inter esting account of a fight between a mon goose, or Ichneumon, and a cobra : Wc think the lons-vexed question, whether the mongoose, on being bitten by the cobra, retires into tbe jungle and finds some berb as an antidote,, for~tbe poison, or whether the venom of the'serpent produces no effect on the animal, has been at last settled. On Sat urday morning last,whilst seated In the mess- * bouse with several officers of tbe regiment, a Servant-came and slated that a snake had r* been seen by one. of the gnaro to enter a bole lo the ground close to where the guard was. • We immediately sent fin* a mongoose (a tame one and the property of an officer), end nut him to the hole. He soon began to scratch away the earth, and in half an hour a fine cobra, about a yard long, came forward with head erect and hood distended, to attack tbe mongoose, who seemed to care nothing for the reptile, but merely jumped out of the way to avoid the‘blows which the'snake struck at him. Tbfe mongoose, unfortunately, hid just fed. consequently did not snow sufficient inclination to go in at him and kill him; so we secured the snake and carried him over to one of tbe officer's quarters to have the contest carried on there alter the mongoose should have some little time lo get over his breakfast. After a.conple of hours* resswc placed the cobra In a room, with closed doors, (we having in the mean time taken up a secure station in the room, from which we could ob-erve all tbe move ments of the combatants.) the mongoose was let lu and the fight commenced. The mongoose approached the cobra with caution, tut' devoid of any apnearauee of fcar. The cobra, with head erect and body vibratlrg, watched bis opponent with ap parent signs of being aware of how deadly an cncmv be bad to contend with. The mon goose was soon within easy striking distance of Hie snake, who, suddenly throwing hack his head, struck at the mongoose with ire-• mendrns force. The mongoose, quick as thought, sprung back out of reach, uttering at the same time savage growls. Again the hooded reptile rose oa the »fle fensive, and the mongoose, noth- Inc daunted by the distended, jaws and glaring eyes of his antagonist, ap proached so near to the snake that he was Ibtt&L not relishing snch close proximity, to draw his bead back considerably. This lessened considerably his distance trom the ground; the mongoose, at once seeing the advantageous opportunity, sprang at the cobra’s head, and appeared to inflict as well as to receive s'wound. Again the combat ants not themselves la a position to renew the encounter, eg*ln the en>ke (track »t the wilv opponent, and again *lbe latter s agility be tedious to* recount la farther detail the particulars of about a dozen suc cessive rounds, at the end of which time neither c- mbatant seemed to suffer more than the other; we wilT limit ourselves to describe the final and most interesting en counter. The fight had lasted some three quarters of an hour, and both combatants seemed to nerve themselves to a final ter. The cobra, changing his position of defence for that of attack, seemed deter mined nova to do or die. Slowly on hu watchful er«nv the cobra advanced; with cljual courage'tne mongoose awaited tbe advance of his still unvanquished foe. Thq cobra had now approached so close that the mongoose (owing to want of space behind, was unable to »iWPg out of reach by jumping backwards, sa he had done in the previous encounter*-), nimbly bounded straight up in the air. The cobia missed hla object, and struck tbe grp and fender him. Immediately on the moepoo; o alighting, the cobra, quick as tboucht, struck again, and to a'l appear ance fixed bis flings in the head of the mon goose. The mongoose, aa tne cobra was withdrawing bis head after having Inflicted the bite,, instantly retaliated by fixing, bis teeth in the head cobra. This tocoDvlnec the cobra that be bis fierce and watcbfnl antagonist; and now no longer exhibit Inga bead erect and. defiant .eye, enfolded his coil and ignwnlnioualy slunk away. Instantly themdfigoosewas on his retreating foe, and burying hl% teeth in his brain, at once ended the contca'. The mongoose now set to work to devour his vic tim : and hi a few minutes had eaten the bead and two pr three inches of the body. In cluding tbo venom so dreaded by all. We should have mentioned before, that, previous to this encounter, thesnakehod struck a fowl which bad died within half an hoar of the In fliction of tbe bite, showing, beyond doubt. Its capability of Inflicting a deadly wound. After the mongoose bad satisfied his appe tite, we proceeded to examine with a pocket leas tbe wounds ilbich be received from the cobra; and iu washing away, the blood from one of those places, the lens disclosed tbe. 1 broken fang of tbe cobra imbedded in tbe head of the mongoose. To discover whether there was any truth Iq the assertion that the mongoose owes its Impunity from the bite of the most venomous of serpents to its knowl edge of an herb which Is an antidote to the poison, or whether, on the other hand, a prophylactic exists in this ex traordinary animal,m;dJ^!gTtlnnocuous to the bite of a reptile Altai to all other ani > mals, we have bpd tbe mongoose confined ever since (now four days ago), and It is now as healthy and lively as ever. We consider, therefore, that there no longer exists a doubt that in the blood of the mongoose there is a prophylactic, .and that the idea that It de rives Its Impunity from an herb is one oi many popular errors. THE OPERATIC LIBEL SUIT. Second Day’s Session. nsretteK on the Stand—** crotchets and Quavers” Blgolctto Analyzed—The Bights of CrlUes. (From the New York World, December 30 ] Max Maretxek vs. William Cautdwell et ah This case, which has attracted considerable attention In musical circles, was concluded yesterday. The .cross-examination of Max Marelzek was continued by Hr. Hall. IfKassa—The autumn season of 1363 com menced with 44, Robert deDevercanx”; lf‘ 4 lUgo- Ictto” WMUrderllued it was probably performed: it was performed but whether beiore The publica tion of ibe article* In the newspaper I Q>m't r<v member; 44 Traviata" was not performed; am not sure that 44 Llnaa” was per'onned; my business as manager Is not confined to this city; 1 my* about onc-’hird as many performances outside of the city as in it: the second tier in the Academy is composed about one-third of's'Ockholders* boxes ; I had no control over that portion of the Louse; there boxes could b.* 'occupied by any perrens the stockholders put Into them; I bad no control over out tldcrt so long as they berated themselves: some times 1 was on the stage and sometimes I led (be orchestra; attended more to the stage and the or chestra than to wnat was going on lo the bouse; tnjffeU and the treasurer only gave orders to our principal arUeis for admission of their Mends to the house; when they were given 1 did not as* who the persons were to whom they were to be given; about tight or ten were given each night; old not lake the name of soy person purchasing a iccervcd scat; no tickets are given to others than represent*'lves ot the press when business la good; free admissions wei e sometimes given, but very lew; these were on complimentary tickets; the press tickets were given to gentlemen of the press with (heir names on them; these were sea- - eon ticket-, about ior*yorfl:t> 1c number; 1 don’t think 1 gave over a doaen and a half ticket* lo othergcnU'.meu thantboseuntie pray; Hr. Al lied Joel was my treasurer during too fall season Cf iSC3; I atu the author of a book entitled Crotchets and Quavers,” ana I take the respon sibility of I:; there are some papers that would like to have had forty season tickets each: the tickets were marked “not transferable;” they were transfuned,however. If their owners Chore to indulge in the abuse; never gave orders to stop any gentlemen oftbe prwt at »h$ aoor (.The li bretto of the Opera oF “liigoMto” was hero shown to Mr. Maretzsk.j I can'-Ol swear that the libretto was performed at the Academy daring the antnmn season of 13C3. iri/nra#— 1 14 Rtgolctto ” U founded on Victor Hugo's drama oi the 44 Duke of Mantua; ” the Duke la a vlUlan, and In the ead he is punished ; be Jswhat l« called a “fast man;-’ a “fast man” is a person who likes to amuse himself without any particular regai dto morality; the Doke la a liber tine, who bad a jester going around contributing to bis amusement :on the stage toe Jester docs not pamper to the Duke’s libertinism ;aacn things occur, however, in Shakspeare’s plays; a love scene Is charted on (be stage, that Is. to a certain orient; left no tickets at any bonkers during that season; am very sorry to say 1 bad no banker (hat season : 1 did not personally superintend what was going on before the footlights; policemen and officers attend to that. Re-d\rKf-*xcm\na'\on There arc love scenes in all dramas of the same (went as in 44 Rigo letto;” there hadlteen three performances and a matinee before the publication of the article of the lllh of October ; there were four other pettor mances before the publication of (be second We lle] e on thclßtb of October; the best people of new York attended my theatre; they attended when the opera of ” RleoieUo” was performed; 44 Ulgolctto ” la played-In Italy, Fiance, and wherever the opera Is known. ipe-crosa-otwilnaflos—(The libretto of 44 Rigo- Ictio ” being again shown Uj witness who testifled that ibe (oilowing extract from the recitative was faithfully, all Hough coarsely translated: Deal—-If you’ll be gentle. >' And not make so much resistance. When the Joys of love await ns, Virtne need not be so prudish: , How beautiful and white your band la I iLiDDEx.xjcf-You’icpleued to Joke me, signor. Dcmt—No, no. M&s.—l know I'm ugly. Dcu-Embrace me. TTtlnett— Substantially that was recited by the actor*. Mr. Got die, recalled by defendant—! was In the ticket office daring the sale of tickets lo IS<3 ; wtineeaett ttie performance of “itljroletto" at the Academy many a time; ill** E*l!o£g tang UUda, end Mile. Snlxer teas Maddelenc. Horae* L. Whitney, mm—l am one of the de fendants in this action; remember race tin? Mr. .Goeche in Brooklyn shortly after the salt was commenced by Mr. Mantles; the conversation was opened by me; Tsaw Mr. Oosche at a table; he said the Business of the open was good: J said 1 thought there was no Übcl in, the articles that Ur. Maredek complained of; he Uicnvu dif ferent, and cited the case of Fry against Bennett; not a word was raid about advertising flora fim to Ustdnrinc that Interview? have bad noconmr iatton with Mr. Goscbe m Brooklyn since that tnne; don't retaembet any conversation since that time between ns in regard to odrerthing; i don’t personally know Mr. Maretxek; the adver tisements were sent In slips set no In the Herald office; five or six weeks t*efaro the dnt article vm published we bad volnntarlly excluded the Academy idvertisements becaose oar calamus were so crowded; 1 did not write either of these articles ; Kr. and I are the pnbllsaers 'or the paper; we employ editors.ana writers; never bad any feeling against the plaintiff; it is I untrue that I applied to Mr. Goscha foe ** dead head" tickets; told him to direct each tickets. If be sent any, to the office, and not A any particu lar person: to that extent I asked for tickets; wo never solicit advertisements of anybody. Crottixcmlned— The i-lipa tom the n*rold of-* flee were simply marked ''Sunday Mercury;" did not, In the spring season of 12C3, send word through Mr. Goscbe that 1 must nave more free tickets, nor at any time; did not demand s-ason tickets for myself aodladyand for Mr. Caaldwell; prior to that time 1 may have done so; simply (old him to leave any tickets be should send with Mr. Youngblood, the cashier; did sot go to that opera to Mr. Moidkxek. in aor shape or form. The defer dints here reeled- . Mr. Gotche. recalled by plaintiff— I had orders from Mr. Mareizek notto send any slips of adver tisements for the fall season of iSfJ. ‘ mrrriso twiimst. .. ~ DanUl Sbtgt’and, wom-ffu one of ao di rector* ud traleca of Ibe Aodest/ of Xamc in 1883: did not tatow toy pfpiiockeW and gamblera by t'etbl, mi tbeit/aee cooldnot aty trnetherihey nrereiothe habft af fre<in<eMlr/r the ooem. EmtU Vilman.tvor* —Was »npexiniecdent °f the Academr a be did not Know that camblere wen In the habit of frequenting t&c teflUnony d on I foib sldoe ™ then closed* MB- BALL'S CLOSING. Mr. Hall la bis closing armament said there never wa« a drama, opera* or place of amuse ment, did not owe JU success entirely to the prsss. Let the press of this city be dumb on ‘he subject -of public amusements, and if Sappho herself should come to life, and'C&e press did not announce that on such a nicht she would sin£ and perform, there would be very little of an audience. The press la the creator of the success of all places o t public amusement, and all the success that Mas Marettck has obtained, was obtained through' the press. The press made him, and now, with that ingratitude which sometimes belongs to public men, he has turned his back upon the engine which raised him. THE BIGHTS OF CBITICS. Mr. Marctxek vu very willing to be raised in the world br the press; when It spoke well of hha. and flattered him. be bad noth* log to say; bat let It criticise blm, os it has a perfect richt to do t then be will resent It; .since the publication of the criticisms which Wre been objected'to “La Travlata” and other indelicate operas bare not been pro? duced at the Academy; ererythinethat goes on at the theatre or opera, how lighted, how the performance goes on, the style of the singers, «&c., are all part of the duty of a public jourraUst- TBB OF ‘RIGOI.2TTO.” After hearing Mr. Mare tick’s account of the opera of ‘‘Blgolclto,” could they say was a respectable oocra, fit to be witHkrd bfUn ir wives and daughters f J/ireury has. spoken of this opera a? *.<hivlng a single incident in it which wast hjmrflrt-ctiy connected wit* se duction: had also stated that pickpockets the habit of visiting the Academy of Music; that it was whis pered that it was hardly a place for a gen tleman to take a modest- woman to. There is nothing in all this that Is libellous, and nothing but the distorted inueudos of Inge nious lawyers could hare so construed it* There was no reflection upon the personal character of Mr. Maretzek. If those abuses existed, and. the Jury rendered a verdict, against him. Mr. Maretzek can walk oct of the court zoom without losing the respect of any man. If gentlemen loaned their boxes to some gamblers with whom they wished to curry favor, Mr. Maretzek would have nothing to do with It. He bad no con trol over the boxes after they were disposed of. anv more than he had over the tickets sold." 22} tra. rain’s ctornto. Sir. Judah (rare a sketch of the plot of the operas “ Traviata’’ and “ Rigoletto,” and said they taught “great moral lessons.” Ha hoped the time would come when this land would pat forth a maestro equal to the great masters of foreign lands* He conteoSed that It was libellous to say that the Academy of Music was used as a place of'rendezvous for improper characters. This suit was irotten np to sustain Max Maretaek in conducting the Italian opera. If the verdict were la hla favor, he would willingly bestow It nponany cbailty which the Jury might name* The only object sought by the plaintiff Was to protect his character. __ cnaßon to tub jcrt- , The Court then charged the "jury: the questions In the ease were few. The publi cation of the alleged libel Is admitted, and the defence Is that the charges were true. A libel Is a malicious defamation made public by writing or speaking, Intended to blacken the character of a person and- render him infamous. Without a maHce Intent there is no libel. It Is for the Jury to determine whether the publication, alluded to was cal culated to expose the plaintiff to contempt; whether the charges were sustained bj. the evidence. If the truth of the charges are : determined to be established 1 , the verdict the plaintiff. In estimating the damages the nature of tbe charge must be considered, and also the largo circulation of Ihe newspaper. The jury then retired, and, without waltlng'-for the vcsdlct, the court adjourned. The lory will bring in a sealed v edict this morning. **♦ Muk Twain," ihe humorous writer, U on hi* my f; on Calrtmla to the East. Be Is a bob of ez-OoTomor Clemens, of Missouri. LE\COLS. The Storr of Abraham Lincoln and (inn Ball edge. •Boston, December?, 1963. • To the Editor of the Bewtoo Advertiser. 1 have just returned froTu a somofhat. lengthened journey throudh the State 01 Illi nois. While there. It was a matter or rouse vexation and annoyance that*! could la no wise liy hold of a Boston paper. When a few hours' since, a paragraph from the Zkiuy Adrcrtiter, beaded “ A Singular Story of Mr Lincoln,” was put Into toy hands, my firet feeling was one of intense thankfulness that in all probability It would never meet Mr. , Herndon's eyes. .Did it concern any one bat him, whose name- thrills through every American heart—were Mr. Herndon himself well known In Hew England—we might trn«y to the wisdom of silence, and let thb reproach sink into natural oblivion. But Mr. Hern don is to write the only life of Abraham Lin coln which will command the attention of posterity, it is to be published by a Boston bouse, and I am not willing that there should be any doubt as to his qualifications or Ids character. * ‘ Abraham Lincoln was great enough to see his own relations to hU» limes, his personal circumstances, ftnd his God, and to be wil ling that.the world should see It also. If he was not great enough, the State of Illinois is ; and Knowinghow Mr. Lincoln loved and trusted William Henry Herndon. It demand ed at once that this man should write Lis life. Too Impatient to wait for the slow and faithful work which is the only work that Mr. Herndon can do, Springfield demanded, meanwhile, a course of five lectures. There are two millions of people in the State of Illinois, and a large portion of them 1 known in some fashion in all the facts these five lectures treat. It was Mr. Herndon's I business to put these Into an order which j would force them to Illustrate each other. 1 The lectures do not constitute the “Life’*- . he is to publish; they are only studies | toward it. The lecture which the Adeer- ; titer has criticised is, I believe, tne fourth of ; the five, andsnppliesanecessary link in the ■ history. It could no more be left out of a 1 true life of Lincoln than Dante's love for Beatrice, or Petrarch's love for Laura, or Shelley's divorce from his first wife, coaid be | omitted in the biographies of those poets, and still leave them Intelligible, For thirty years after the period It describes, his ter rible sorrow continued to move him at many times oat of himself and it is the only explanation of many significant fects. The poem which is inseparably connected with , his memory became precious to Mm simply for Ann Rutledge's sake. There is the story, and Mr. Herndon, nearly twelve years Mr Lincoln’s Junior, has no more to do with it than I have as Z tell 1U Ann Rutledge was a lady—one of the very few who had penetrated to Illinois as cariy aal&Si. Of a family educated and aristo cratic, bat broken down, she was bafrothed before Mr. Lincoln ever saw her. toncßcotch merchant. lu those days Illinois was as far from New Turk as Kamchatka now Is. They were soon to be roamed when the Scotehr-on went for business par poses to ahat city. For months nothing was beard of. him ; it was supposed that he was dead or had wickedly descried Ann. The truth was that he lay ill of delirious fever at a small, wayside town. In this stale ofthings, while Ann's mind was CCrtured by suspense and disappointment, Mr. Lincoln went to her father's house to board. In time a sort of provisional engagement ensued. There were cucnmstanccs in both lives that depressed and pained; they learned to hold each other 1 very dear. Upon this state of things broke the rumor of the recovered Scotchman's re turn. The delicate nature of the woman broke under it. Betrothed to two—both of whom she loved—she had no choice bat to die; £he did not live to sec-him enter Hew Salem. How he who had been absent loved her, let the sequel show. He bought the farm for her sake, and lives there, still a bachelor. It wa« his quivering hand that pointed out to Mr. Herndon the spot where Ann Rutledge died. That this story is true, I know, for I hnyc read every Hue of the autograph letters on which it depend*. That it I* ihe Indh, on which the future life of Mr. Lincoln turned. Mr. Herndon will sometime show ns. Had Ann lived to be bis wife, it U the opinion of oii ulo friends that he never would have sought political life. Hi* tastes were quiet ana domestic. But this trial unhinged I biro, madg him for years reckless, despairing, | atheistic. It was very gradually that he came to conquor the revolt of bis own soul. It was that work well done that fitted him to conqncr other men. 1 dare not paretic the* subject farther than to say that Mr. Herndon has a task before him which for delicacy and magnitude exceeds any of which I have ever dreamed. Mr. Lincoln left no blood relations hut his sons. None of Ann Rutledge's sur vive her. The unhappy Scotchman, who re turned to find her dead, saw every line of the lecture, which the AdeertUcr criticised before It was printed. *1 think few authors of mod ern times would have been honorable enough to ask his consent, since be was _not to be named in it. FOlk THE LADIES. pnorxi> WOMEN RIDE astride? • Regarding the costume Introduced, but now abandoned, by Mrs-JJloomcr, and as to how ladles may nde, the- Spectator thinks that: “On this and some other similar mat ters, It Is useless to argue with prejudice bound Britons. The true argument is tire right of choice, and, in denying It. society Is injuring itself, fust as It* isfn denying women 'the right of riding as they choose. So fixed is this particular form of oppression, that English society will not discuss it, refuses to entertain the question, and would con demn a dozen leaders of fashion if they made tbe attempt to introduce a rciorto. Thev might walk into a ball-room dressed a h Josephine—that b>, undressed to the waist— and the only Jesuit would be a general dis appearance of tucker; but they dare not for their lives ride astride. Tet there is abso lutely no reason, either of convenience, or security, or modesty, in favor of the side saddle ; not one single argument which ought even to have a hearing when opposed to the distinct rl'ht, subject to the laws of morality, to ride ss they please. We do not say there aio reasons fof abolishing the side saddle, for, though wcttrfftkthere are, that is not the point. A woman'has a right to ride English fashion, or or Chinese fashion, if she chooses, and^ cl ®ty loses In refusing to concede the cholce/X. •*»ior* ' camera epitaphs. In Pewsy churchyard. Dor-etahire, Efc?*i land, Is perhaps the most aboard of laid** tory monuments, as 'well for its praise *s inr its Hibernlchm“Here lies the body of Lady O’Looncv, great niece of BurCe, com monly called ‘ the sntJlme-* She was bland, passioratc, and deeply religions; also, she painted in wotcr-colot?. and sent several pic tures to the exhibition, “lie was first cousin 10 Lady Jones •„ and of inch Is the Kingdom of Heaven I” Very few of this class are worthy of preservation, except for their ab eurdltv. Here Is one of Ben Jonson's, on the Countess of Pembroke. “CndeniMlh Ibis marble bsane Lies the subject ot all me. Sydney's sister, PembroWß aotlnr. Death, era ibott M»vaiala another Wise, and good u she. 'tee_el*u throw a dartat thee/* Ton Hetmont tells ua that Adam was cre ated without a beard, bat that aflerbe bad fallen and sinned, because of the sinful pro pensities which be derived from the trait of the torbiddcD tree, a beard wua made part of iU poniabmentand bis disgrace, bringing him thus into nearer resemblance with the beasts, toward whom he made his nature approximate. The same stigma was not in flicted upon Eve. because even In the All she retained much of her original modesty, and, therefore, deserved no such opprobrious mark. Vou Belmont observes, also, that no good angel ever appears with a. beard; and this, he says. Is .a caifltal sign by which angels may be distinguished. TUB PXGHAB JiCKST. This style .of jacket is very fashionable at present aMUmc the todies of SL Petersburg, ■who hsTMnnftcned it after the fair and youthful bride, whose near relationship to. the Prlncess-or Wales gives addltlonahlnter est to all particulars relating to Herself and to her alliance with the heir to the throne of all-ihc Rue si as. The material of the Dsgmar jacket is white ribbed cloth. The design which ornaments ft, both at the back aod front, is black braid, worked with beads. Th©-scolloped edge of the Jacket, the sleeves, and neck, are Bordered with blbck Astra canfnr. Sable Is occasionally substituted for Astra can, and baa an extremely rich etTect. MALE AND FEMALE UAIR. It Is a carious fact revealed by the micro scope, that tbe hair of the head of women is larger In Ua fibre than tbat of men, and to this circumstance Is dee tbc*f*ct that it ob tains a-greater length. U U,'therefore, of more importance that the skin of the scalp Inrtbe female should be supplied with all those materials of which hair is composed ; or the hair produced will be Imperfect in its structure. Irregular .and rough. TUB EMPRESS A SKILFUL SHOT* . Eugenie, as one way of killing time, has, it Is ndd, endeavored to bring shooting into fashion among ladies > but, among tbe peo ple of her set, there arc not many who like fire-arms. Ladles there certainly are, in France, who take kindly to sport,* and who shoot tolerably well ;.bnt they belong to the old landed nobility, and the old noble families don’t go to court. The Empress’ people are oi a deferent set altogether—they prefer in finitely the pleasures of the talon to those of tbe field ; Intrigue is more In their line than gunpowder. This Is vexing to the Empress, as sne, like many Spanish ladies likes sport exceedingly, and is even a very skilful shot. ALICE CARET’S MINCED CHICKEN. Mince all that is left ot cold roast or boiled chicken. Warm It with hall a-cnp of cold gravy, and a table-spoonful of mushroom sauce. Pile it In the centre of a dish, aod place round alternately small and very thin slices of broiled ham, and poached eggs on toast. MBS. STOWE’S BREAD AND FRCTT PCDPINC. Take thin slices of white bread, nearly fill 'a buttered mould with layers of bread and lavers of fruit alternately; beat four eggs, taSx them in a pint of warm milk, and pour it over tbe bread aod fruit. Boil it twenty min utee, and serve it witb white sauce. If tbe poets and novelists of America fare In this sumptuous manner, they are certainly to be envied. MTSCELLANBOCSv The Madrid <7«crife, in its account of the bant ism of the infant of Donna Marta Chris tine and Don Sebastian, anys that the Royal Infant received twenty-seven names, the first of which Is Alfonso. and'thc last Todoalos Santos (all the Saints.) An exchange says that a gtshlpnahle lady ta Pittsfield wore her new bonnet to church last Sunday the wrong side before, bat does not stale hoW the error was discovered.' " We don’t know what snake the Devil took the shape of when he cams to tempt mother Eve, bat If be wishes to fascinate the women of these days, be had better corneas a hoop snake. Ermine, that etc rant* foil dress far, will bo popular as ever this winter fbr operas and baU occasions; bat, except with a V>U«t of great richness and freshness, K is out or place on the promenade, “Where are von going so fist, sir. Smith 1” demanded Mr. Jones. Home, sir, .home; don’t detain me; I hare just bought my wife a new bonnet, and I most deliver it before the'foshion changes.” ' Plain stripes in silks and satins are going of style. The new silks are all elaborate Iti design, and of the heaviest quality—revi vals, In fact, of the silks of Lyons in the days I a visit to her daughter. wo ro lh ° KOll=J the daughter, tosmtns, do® 1 JOd«c, rep >dTcrtuil , :; tor a wsszmz&L ■*■ - th “ l am fur morninga^a »jr« .V* gil after the dotted all «« •«£/,','"l UlnUllahont' manner of “Jet dotUn*. cord Some the edge with » lo this style, times Jockey jackets we fasten them and have Urge houoos _ The refilon caya '• oat f wl?eUe tones, rtow ioj.” famishes the ■wlsbd. «r ill cat ration. CHAMBERMAIDS. ylarlc Ittiht Becomes Indignant. . agow nationality, I la-ncir tho’carso of Bachclordam! Th?y“ puttfcapUlowa it thcoppo: Bile end of tie bed from U>° p w™ that while yon read and smoke before sleep too (»«1» toe indent end honored CMtom of bichclons) you hate to boldJonrb«jV. aiofr to an uncomfortable position, to keoptno other end of the bed in the morolnff, they receive not the mute suggestion In a Wendly anlrlt but glorying In their absolute sov ereignty. and unpitying your they mate the bed Just as It was originally, and gloat in secret oyer the pant findjonharn transposed the pillows, they ondo your work, and thus defy you and seek to em bitter the life that God hath given yoa. IT they cannot get the llgbt In an incon venient position any other way, they moye pnll your trank ont six inches from the wall, so that the Hd will stay up when yon open it, they always shove that trunk back again. They do it on purpose. If you want the spittoon in a certain spot, where It wUI be handy, they don’t. And so pot your other boots In Inac cessible places. They chiefly enjoy deposit ing them as far under the bed as the wall wfil permit. It la because this compels you f 5 cel down In an undignified attitude, and make wild sweeps for them In the dark with the bootjack, and swear. They always nut the match-box In some other place. They hunt up a new place for it every day, and put a bottle, or other perishable class thing, where .the box stood before. This is to cause yon to break that glass thing, groping in the dark, and get I younclfinto trouble. ’ , ; They arc for ever and ever moving the I mrnllnre. When you come In, In the night, you can calculate on finding the bureau where the waidrobe was in the mornlug.i And when you co out in the morning, if you leave the slop-bucket near the door and the rocking-chair bv the window; whenyoucome In at midnight,"or thereabouts, you wfl! fill over that rocking-chairand you will proceed the window and sit down in that slop-tub. This u 111 disgust you. They like No matter where you put anything, they are not going to let It jtsy there. They will take It and more it the first chance thevget. It Jg their nature, and besides, it rivis them pleasure to be mean and contra ry this way. They would die if they couldn’t . tie villalm. 1 They always save up all the old scraps of printed rubbish you throw on the fioor. and slack them up carefully on the table, and then et*rt the fire with your valuable Jhanuecripts. If there Is any one particu lar old scrap that von are down on more than any other, and which you are gradu ally wearing your life out trying to get rid of, you may take all the pains yon possibly can in that direction; bnt it won’t be of any use, because they will always fetch that old scrap back and put It In the same old place again every time. It does them cooa. And they use more hair-oil than any six . men. If charged with purloining the same, they Ue about it. What Jo they care about a hereafter? Absolutely nothing. If yon leave your key In the door for con venience sake, they will carry It down to the office and give It to the clerk. They do this under the vile pretence of trying to protect roar property from thieves—-out actually bey do it becauso they want to make you tramp hack down stairs after it when you come home tired, or pat yoa to the trouble of sending a waiter for it, which-waiter will expect you to pay-him something for U. In which case I suppose the degraded creatures divide. They keep always coming to make your bed hefbre yon get up, thus destroying -your rest and indicting agony upon you—>*ut alter yon get up they don’t come any more till ■ext day. The v do all the mean things they can think of, and they do them Just out of pore cussed ness, and nothing else. Chambermaids are dead to every human instinct. I have cursed them In behalf of outraged bscbelordom. They deserve it. Iflcsoget a bill through the Legislature abolishing chambermaids, I mean to do it. Mask Twaik. San Francisco, November 17, 18G6. ■ BBUTAL MTODER, A Boy Killed In Defence of Us Sister’s Honor. [From the Fort Smith New Era, Dec. 13.] The following sad account of a most brutal murder was inadvertently omitted fn-fi>JS last: gmi, , KICTinSr«W A young man about sixteen a few miles 1 week ago under with <#idue lib oritra with her. - Her brother Interfered and attcnwHod to Her brother Interfered and attenß’tad to protect his sister. He succeeded apOj,; n t!y and Edwards seemed disposed to behave himself, when all of a sudden, he drew a large bowlc knife, and plunged it up to the hilt Into the breast of young Snipes. The blow was slanting- in the direction of the heart. The murderer also drew the Tutfe across bis victim’s abdomen, making a fesrfVl gash. Snipes then drew bis revolver and fired thttc shots at Edwards, one of which took effect in the aide, making a d«ngerooa,'prob ably a mortal wound. Toe twoToose women fled at the beginning of the difficulty, and came to town fur aid. When the police reached the scene of the murdcrons transac tion, tbcyTonnd the lifeless body of young •Snipes near his wagon, close to the noose. The poor sister, as may be Imagined, was frantic with ,grief at the cruel and untimely death of her brother, incurred la defence of her honor. . Edwards vraa pot arrested that night, but was discovered pext morning, hr the police and s detachment or soldiers, in a boose near the iron bridge on Potcau. He was conveyed totowipsnd now lies at the guard house in the garrison, in a very critical con dition. We learned since that the victim of the murderer, who is said to have killed already fifteen persons, was a most excellent young roan, and the main prop of hU bereaved pa rents. * . Women Voting la Kew Jersey, During the debate In tbe Senate, a few days ago, on Cowan’s amendment to strike out tbe ward ‘‘male” In the franchise bill for tbe District of Colombia, Inquiry was made of Mr. FreVmghnfaen whether women ever voted In New jersey. Els reply ad mitted that ibey once did so “in local elec tions.” But the fact Is that, for many years women were recognized there as voters on -precisely the same terms as men. Lucy Stone and E. B. Blackwell, citizens of New Jcrscv, have nude an investigation, the re sult 'of which Is remarkable, and proves tbat previously- to 1778 only men voted: bnt that, in li.d, the origi nal State Constitution conferred toe franchise on “oft inhabitant »’ T (men or women, white or black, possessing tbe pre scribed qualifications of £oo clear estate and twelve months residence, and this Constitu tion remained in force until IBM. In 1790 tbe Legislature, In an act regulating elec tions, used tbe words “he or she” in refer ence to voters. In 1797, another act relative to elections repeatedly designates the voters as “be or she.” In the same year, 1797, sev enty-five women voted la Elizabethtown for the Federal candidate. In 1900 women gen erally voted throughout the State In the Presidential contest between Jefferson and Adams. In 1503 a member of the Legisla ture from Hnntcrdpn County was actnallv -elected, in a closely contested election, by tbe votes of two or three .women of color. In 1807, at a local election in Ef sex County for the location of the county seat, men and women generally participated, and were jointly Implicated In very extensive frauds. In tbe following winter of ISO 7-8, tbe Legis lature, In violation of the terms of the Con stitution, passed ah act restricting suf frage to free, white, male, adult citizens, and in reference to these virtually abolished tbe property qualification of £3O, thus extending it to all white male tax-pavcra. while excluding all women and negroes. In 1830, the same provisions were repeated—and remained unchanged until the adoption of tbe present Constitution In ISM- ~ It thus appears tbat women and ««P£Cs possessed and exercised the Honed under the Constitution of -Vejrjcraej from 1776 to 1307, thlrtroue jara, and that from 1307 nntd ISU,. tbgr P«- sessed the richtr bnt Wert abltranly "its exercise Ihjrty-seven we believe, a fact un ?!^iiw» re in the political history of tbe world? and Us probably due T ]£ the etrong Onlter taflnence in esl Jftsej, then, as S aierled in behalf of equal rights. New Jersey enjoys, we believe, the dlstlnc tlon of havlngjieen the first atatewhich eon fe?red upon all Us citizens equal political privileges, without restriction of sex or colox.-»A’na York Tribusu. Among the packages and other matters tarried by Express a few days amce, from New York to Philadelphia, was a wooden cage, contain - lag a live porker, decorated with ribbons, aad having this Inscription: : To-Mi*. John Drew’s Theatre, . • Philadelphia, Pa. - From Smith A Baker's : New York Theatre. A • -Original Pig for Griffith Gaunt.: nap«dM loriiUp lookod anmeoKlr pleMCd tttlu CMlMltj of nUItH W WWUW objtot. Tte rebel ffenertl Bood hMbd« aoantj caaefl *^ota"of=f ®“S^ Collc --'-- •wf^JSS&'iSSSSh.ta.iwr. I.IV Temnic" and -L'Amoor*’ will* her oflJ •* l 'EafanL* «h>ch l* }n*t ont. 1 ta in Warhlmrto* and has hi-! • *r. «* ev.e , Jeffenoo DftTia, U l« iopposeda V?bcn Lynch receded Robert* IJ^S«* to k formyoalco not think JOB are tosge hatged.- b ™ Reported to hare said. • Ho nooso li food M «>«led that Dr.Beely,to new Bhhop of J| tlo e, will DC ■nine Hoc during Jinonry. Alice Cary’s no» novel, “Tic Btsnop a Son." wfll soon be IssoetHrom lie press ol Carlton, K «LmtsJß. H. O. Minty, formerly of tic Foartt Michigan Cavalry, iaa been made Major of t». Eipbti United States Cavalry, fcd ordered los.a F Edwin Booth, 'be fcagedlaiLbas pnrcbataa set- T tent of I sod re# l, U»e Peqnot Hons?. N e * ( and will erect a t 30,1300 cottage there this | *S£iel Thompson, a sightless CnmeeUeu ne. gr o , U rivalling lie performance of Blind Too" ’ U! Snropc of Bishop Bedell’. m . , n gthatßtshop Mcllvalneho duected the prayers ol Ihe Ohio chnrches to be ret There”lsancm“ l that General Ortega “bo re. cerds himself as ConaUtnUonal President of Jter ico. Intends lo commence action for damages against the United Stales anthortnes for false to. prlsonmect while en route Ibrhlshomeln Hcaleo. p no trial of George W. Gayle, the Alabamlaa charged rdthr Inciting tie mnrder of the U-_- la "tented Lincoln by an advertisement offering a rorrard Ibr hls body, has been commenced la Montgomery, hut continued to the neat term or The Doylcston, Pa~ JJanocrat ajs that Seen t»rr Stanton has given ibe colored Episcopalians In Washington SIO,OOO worth ol bricks to hol d a B. J. Roberts, the girl flogging schoolmaster, of Cambridge, has receded a present of »iSC, from sundry cUlxess of potion and vicinity. Hr Stanislaos Drapeao, ofQucbec, U a* present engaged on what be calls a critical examination and denial of ihs narrative of the Rev. Abbas lavcrdlere and Casgrala, respecting the discovery ofChamvUia’e tomb, which will appear shortly. Rev. A. Wriahr, Post Chaplain at Fort Laramie, Dtcolah Tenltory, has obtained leave of absence for four moatb* a--d gone to Washington, fie comes East for the purpose of obtaining mean* to establlan schools amoag the Indians ot the Dc Morgan, one of the greatest living mathematicians, has bU chair in me Enlvcrsity college, London, iu consequence of tho recent decision arrived at by the council of that body to reject Professor Marbncaa tr im a professorship, on the ground of his denomination al reputation. Richard U. Bjogbtoo, a mnch esteemed mem ber of the press frataruliy of Leavenworth, Kan sas, died on Tuesday morning last, aged 03 years. Be bad occupied the position of local editor on several Kansas journals, lie was an honest, in telligent, and true-hearted man. The Eastern papers state that Montgomery Blair has bees tendered Ibe position of General Foreign Agent, or Attorney, to take charge of the collection of against the estate of the late FonthenrConlederacy. Be has not yet accepted, it will require a residence of several years in England and France. Brigadier General James B. F. Marshal! has mimed bis. position as Paymaster General of tho Commonwealth ol Masscchosed?, and will soon leave for Florida, Mrs. Mark Kline, of North Egremont. Massa chusetts, ha? retorted from her elopement with one Holmes, and her husband sow employs hcrai bis chief domestic. H. B. Lew!?, grand nephew of General Wash ington, who was tried in King George County forlhe murder of Dr, Rose, has been convicted, and sentenced to ihe penitentiary for one year. The sale of the late Rev. Dr. Wellsley’s horary is London occupied fifteen day?, and produced {74,400. The medals and manuscripts brotuhi JS,CCO; ttc collection of drawing? $50,000. Signor Mnrio, the well-known operatic conduc tor, las accepted an engagement f»r the wmt-r at La Feme*. Venice. Madame Mnxlowi]] be t“ie prime donna at the opera-house during the sea son. The German papers announced recently the death of M, Frank, a distinguished raboi of the Jewish Church of Germany. Be was burn at Wilna In 1758, and was consequently one haidretl and eight years of age at the time of bb dej:&. A rich widow and believer in spiritualism b**’ J presented Home, ihc Pat la medium, with f t'r'.-'y The lady conceived herself, neglected by relatives and determined to spend her money for “epnxe philanthropic object, T Mrs. General Fremont is a chief leader of the grand Fair for the Soldiers and Sailors In New York. It will continue two week?, and close-with a presentation concert, by which the committee expect to receive two hundred thousand dollars, half of which wilt be distributed in prizes. Professor Henry Vethake, LL.D n of the Poly technic College, Philadelphia, died on Sunday, at his residence, in that city, alter a short Uloese, ta the 73th year of hi? age. Deceased was an able mathematician, and a nun of large scientific cul ture. Mr. George Crowe, (he husband of Kiis Kate Batemio, 1< a son of Mr. Eyre Crowe, the histo rian sod joainaliet; also a brother of Mr. Joseph Crowe, formerly of the JU«#fra'«f Lorrton sow English Consul si Leiptig, tod also of Eyre Crowe, J-„ the painter. Miss Enuld'm lately gave m London a ‘Bel grarla dinner” to her staff of authors sod artists 01 l oth rexes, employed • together personal VH *“ V"' : ? s "'- tiK "?» ssssf PMw £'/gjE--~^ Aw^:> t»y confer a favor on bb dlste-TS S£ #nd W " nb *” ,!j re £ £ Mr? Jacob Loncks. a respected citlam of «., ebetfer TownahJp, York County, and enppw-o to he the largest nui *». dlcdcf SVnnlerr at »v_ a ,0c Count j»--. E.TO SSdJJ;' ■«•,«' anj-j.™, supposed to weigh t.°rpn!efit, and ty® tbe time of bis death ■"jk TC “ u °dn:.! pounds at fire fr'bes ia breadth wt, tn ™* nr ®d fhfrtr- HlswtlgV ■ • ' fromia depth, berf, of Lelcesu. .mro. Englal? panic] ti m . flee hundred aud twenty-eightp. ‘ c “ k "i >en ** said to hare been tbe largest man a, » *ud *ho i* Theodore Tilton, of (he InZ'pen&f worM. to Oterlin, Ohio, and makes this keen Charles G. FlAney, for many years Pil oI r * Oherlin College: ”Dr. Finney is sercJ 6 * °* yeire old, Dnt la still tbe chief yonngstep,s ,nr plate. To see this man, cow past three scorch* ten, yet straight as an arrow, lithe as a colt. frii», as a kitten, pacing op and down tbe room In ju. red coat, like Napoleon in his battle-suit, talnl at tbe me of two handled words a minute—th* • despair at phoaographera—robbing h(a hand orer , a forehead royal with the troth,* and looking at v you with eyes which of fbtm*e B.T« 8 .T« are a aafflclent '* proof of the Inmomlltv of the soul—Qie spectacle was one which Ailed me with mingled amusement, adectloo and veneration. I many great men, but I tare seen vesy few Intellectual equals of Chirks G. Firmer. ■* Among the recent deaths are James B. Fonda, for the past twelve years President of the Mechan ics’ Banking Association of New York, who died In Brooblvo on Saturday. He was a native of Poagh- Jieepsle, and was connected with banks In that City rath 1550. when h« to Kew York. Mrs. Elizabeth K. Babes, or New York City, aged M, youngest daughter of Dominie tern, woo left the dty «fib Ibe British force* on eraccation day. William C. Goddard, who was the drat volunteer pom Portland at the commencement of the re bellion, and Charles W. of Norwich, Conreellcnr, for scveralyears Mayor of that clly Mr. George Brown, of Toronto, intimated to D’Aiyy McGee, In answer to the quarrelsome note of the latter, that be, McGee, Is perfectly welcome to bold bin (Brown) responsible for article* in (be Toronto ulo6*. either “ personally, editorially, or any other way in which he has a pitmt to indulge bimvelf." Vmi vtnnJc Beam, who is toesecote a atalae of fmldeflt Lincoln fur Congress, Is a native of Jladlaon, Wisconsin; la about twenty-two year* ofage,andbasbeena “female clerk’,* la one of the Departments at Washington, where the Urally has for some years resided Her first attempt at sculpture was (ha result of a visit to the studio of the younger MlHa, She was satisfied (bat she could ** scalp” as he, and on a subsequent visit she presented a medallion so well dose that the elder Mills eonld hardly b« made to believe that U was her own work- Eos. Mat. B. Carpenter, who was a wans friend of Her. June* Cooke Richmond, formerly of Mll waukte, wbawas murdered atPoosbkeeprie, Now York, last summer^aided la the prosecution of the case against the murderer, who was coancteL The Lawrence c Kansas) Journal rare that the Hoa. David Christie-aod theflon, Dand McDon ald, members °f«b« Upper Canada Parliament, both large capitalist?. are ttot city, looatoy aC the country with the tetentron of locating there. SveVal CanAdiaxs are also there cm the same Biltffion. Tbe Wyandotte fKarsas) Gczetit says that* ratty of dlstfnctrished fore»gcees,.nbo have been oot on the plains bunting bnSilo, stopped la that city over Sunday. The party consisted of Colonel E«an», of the British army, and Lotd Digby, both. 01 London ; Prince 0. OrouawlT, of Russia, and Count de MoßUlgn. They ware accompanied by Ur. Rankin, of St. Louis. They exp:e«sedth»- •etvra highly pleased with their excursion, with Kansas, aaa rewind promilng with Wyan dotte as hound to be a great eotnßwhtal polnt- The deaths of fix Frenchman, all o' some note, have bees recently chrorlcled by the Faria t First, the Baron de Bartnie, member ot the French Academy, and an ambassador under the monarchy of July.butbelter, known for his “Live* cf the Dnkesof Bartrondy**aud bis “History of the Di rectory." Secondly, M. de Bollay.wbo 'ns as sociated with M. Thiers in the conduct otthe Coa att/«rieAiuf daring to palmy day. and who af terwaidsbecame,cdlttrof that once celebrated Jonnsal, and roec from the position ol a jocrualat to that ol Counsellor ol State, Ttlrdly, M. Louis Comenin, former editor of the and of the Keene de Aria, and son of the noted Marquis * de Corffiftuia, who, under the rij»>atnre ot 11m V • kept up far yea»sa eerie* of incessant and moat bitter at*s r b« agalnH the Government of Isbli PbtlUppe, null almost th? very tour of to taß. Fourthly, 31. Victor Cbanvln, novelist and jour nalist, aad for ■ long period one 'of the editor* of . Ue Prvasa, Next, hi. Bacbe, a once criocre’ed comic aelor at the Theatre Franca Ua. the Varie- Ue* the Vardeville, and Lea Bonffes Pansiennes. who drew his Ustbreatii on the straw .pallet of & Faria hospital. And Anally, OsncuL