Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 24, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 24, 1866 Page 2
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(Chicago tribune. tAILT, TEI-WEEKLT AHD WEEKLY. OFFICE, Ki. SI CLARK-ST. Then are time edition* or the Tszscas inoed. lit. jnrj morning, tor etrcolatton by earner*, newstam •ad the mails. 3d. The Tu-tVimr, Mondays, Wod- Bcedaya and, Fridays, lor tbs malls only; mad the Waaai.T,ooT7itiredaye,lbt tfc: malls and sale at oar coaster and hr newsmen. Term* ef the Chicago Trlbeaet Pally Oelirtred in the aty (per v*ec) g *3 *• ****•• (per (tuner}.... 3.13 Patty, to null nhecrtben (per ansam, un ole In adTueo. ... ....... 12,00 Tri-Weekly.(per anrtrm, payable In adranec) 0.00 Weekly, (per annum, payable in adrance) 2.00 tr Fractional parte of the rev at the tame rate*. Omraona remitting and ordering are or more eople* at either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editing, nay retain ten per cent of the iQbKrlpuo& price a* a oommUelocu Korun to i.—la ordering the &4dre« et yoor papers chanced, to premt delay* be sure and epeetiy vbat edition yon take—Weekly. Trl-WeeWy, or Pally. Also, (dveyoorrasaKSTaodfatore address. (W~ Money, by .Draft, Erpreu. orders, or In BeclateredLeUcrs.maybeaeatatoartUk. Address, TRIBUNE CO., Chicaso. 111. MONDAY. DECEMBER 34, 1800. FORFEITING STATE CHARTERS*, Not only the Executive branch of the Govern ment, but the Judiciary branch, just now “stands in the »ay” of enforcing any anch nonsense as that a State can commit treason.—Times. The only portion of the Judiciary branch of the Government known to “ stand In the “waj” of such enforcement is Judge Ruffin, the Chief Justice of the North Carolina bogus State Government. He declares that the present organization of North Carolina is /illegal, and that the Convention which an nulled the ordinance of secession and repn , 4^£tss£dthc State rebel war debt, was called S} * ■ of the people of North mc 44 Carolina, by the United nf, 44 States, -under an °f>a-d t Iqa 44 usurpation.” , k Oh the other hand, the “Executive branch of the Government” declares that this act was legal and constitutional, right and proper. Soon after Johnson assnmed the Presidency he issued a proclamation de claring that no civil law existed in North Carolina. The rebellion had forfeited and rendered null and void the political organi zation of the State, which Mas then ruled and governed by martial law. He appointed a Provisional Governor, ordered an election for delegates to frame a new Constitution, directed who should vote and who had for feited their right of suffrage, declared that white rebels were disfranchised, and refused to allow black loyalists to exercise the fran chise. And after the Convention was thus chosen he ordered it to do certain things and forbade It doing other things. Whatever Constitution and laws exist In North Carolina, whatever State charter or political corporation is in force In that State, owe their parentage to the Executive will, acting on tin. assumption that a “State” can commit treason, that North Carolina did commit treason, and therein forfeited and annulled her entire political organiza tion. Seven other rebel States were “rehabilita ted ” In the aajnc manner, and received tbdr charters and ordinances from the same au thority as North Carollna.Tiz: Andrew John son. And the Copperhead parly have en dorsed his acts, and insist that those govern ments thus erected br the Executive on tbe ashes of the former State governments, shall be recognized by Congress as lawful and bona fide State organizations, and admitted in stantly and*uncoDdUlonal]y, to an equal par * tlcipation in the Government and privileges of the Union. XT those new State corporations made by Andrew Johnson are wthd.will some Copper head Inform ns what invalidated and forfeited the former corporations—several of whom were older than the Constitution of the United States, and dated back to tbe Revo lution f 'Were they annulled in consequence of tbe Inhabitants using them to promote re bellion and destruction of the Union ? Was Knot because tbe corporators and oflicc holders were involved in the crime of rebel lion, atd had employed the machinery and authority of those State charters to carry on their rebellion ? The grave mistake made by Andrew John son was, not in holding and dedaring that the State organization of the rebel States were forfeited and had become nnll anJ void, and that no w Constitutions must be created -and new Governments erected ; but bis mis take consisted An assuming that the Execu tive individual constituted tbe United States Government and was clothed with unlimited powers. Ho thought himself an Emperor when he was only a President. He -entirely. , overlooked the very important corstitutional provision which declares that tbe making, repealing and amending of all laws Is vested in Congress, and not in the Executive; and' that the simple doty of the President is to see that tbe laws and regulations made by Congreet are enforced and obeyed. . If he had called Congress together in extra session, immediately after the assassination of President Lincoln, and pointed out in his message that the conquered rebel States were destitute of lawful civil government, the former ones having been forfeited by the rebellion of their citizens, and that he was ruling those communities by military law, until Congress should prescribe when and how civil Governments mast be erected, he would have performed tus sworn duty, and saved the country all the subsequent confusion and excitement which have afflict ed It. TEE WHIPPING-POST. When the Chicago Timet heard the voice asking “Why persecutes! thou me,” and when the scales had fallen from its eyes suf ficiently to enfiblc It to recognize the negro as & man and a brother, with all that fer vency and zeal that belong to an enemy changed to a friend, It, with great force and truth, denounced the false conservatism of the Democratic party and the rebels, as rank Bourbonism. The term, expressive as it is of blindness and stupidity, is very appro priate. At the Sonth, and nowhere more earnestly than in Kentucky, Maryland and Virginia, there are men in every village who confidently believe that slavery will be re stored. They look npon the abolition of slavery as one of those incidents of the war, as the burning of a railroad bridge or the destruction of a mill, which the Untied States indue time will remedy, either7>y rebuilding, or by making full com pensation to tbe outraged owners. These men are Democrats; they can trace their lin eage through a long line of ancestors who never worked for a living; they would reseat as a gross personal affront, any doubt os to their superior intelligence, and they unhesi tatingly declare that any attempt to cam* on this Republic without slavery must prove an utter failure. Their test of political wis dom is zeal for slavery, and their test of gentility Is an igno rance and contempt of labor. Dying, these people will bequeath to their descendants the claim against tbe Government for slaves lost in the war, or for a return of an eqnal number of blacks, when slavery shall be re- , stored. The Southern statesmen, Ids said, in re* constructing: liave yielded much to North ern prejudices—ln Act, have surrendered everything except their “unsullied honor.** The Freedmen’a Bureau law, and the Civil Bights bill, though nothing but ordinary provisions for the protection of hu manity from oppression, were ter rible outrages upon Southern honor. The “honor*'of these .people laoot.oaly pe culiar tn itself but it is peculiarly an institu tion at the South.. It has several tributary institutions and privileges equally peculiar.' Slavery, when it existed, embraced them all; but now that slavery has perished, the others are cherished thcmoreardsnUy. The right to shoot a negro was, nntQ the enact ment of the Civil Bichts law, inseparable from the proper defence of 44 personal hon or.** The right to make the negroes work and then turn them off without any wages, was another incident of South ern honor, which the Freedman’s Bu reau has partially crushed out. To the deprivation of all these privileges, peculiarly belonging to the peculiar honor of this superior race, these rebels have sub mitted when they could not help it; and they ask, with Governor Perry and Andrew Johnson, What more could be reasonably ex pected? One of the institutions of these peculiar people was the whipping-post. It was an essential feature ol the slavery system. Cities might do without gas or water, but society would be convulsed in the absence of the whlpplng-post. Tillages and towns might get along reasonably well without post offices or telegraph sta tions, but the whlpplng-post was an indispensable necessity of the Christian civilisation of the people. The ignorant Yankees might commence their villages with a school-house, but the chivalric of the South erected a whlpplng-post as the first step in all social progress. As the old est Inhabitants recall their knowledge of th time when the city or village in which they reside had no hotel, public school, church, bank, or court house, so the antiquarians of the South date their chronology from the erection of the first usd succeeding' whipping-posts. Gen eration after generation have grown up -under the shadow of the whipping post, and society has learned to regard It as oue of those essentials which If withdrawn would produce the general ruin of all things. Other people have their cock-fights, their rat-baits, Ahelr dog matches and their prize fights, but what are these to the tender excitements of the whiPpfrC'P** ll Dogs, ftnd “f d prize fighters are brutes, but lor the refine ment of cruelty the whlpplng-post is the place. Could there bo greater enjoyment for men ofhlgh honor, and ladle# worthy of being their companions, tVn to sit on horsi hack and witness the diversions at the whipping-post f Could there bs anything more amusing than to see an old man. with whltcnedlocks, with both arms tied high up on the poet, and hla back bared, writhing and trembling under the successive lashes of the whip? Or 13 see theb*o>d spouUng'ai every lash? That was a feast which the Roman patricians enjoyed, and th*e Southern people are not inferior to the Romani I Bpt that was not all the. entertainment that the whipping-poet afforded. .Women were whipped there. Tonng women, girls, moth ers, wives, grandmothers were there stripped to the waist, and scourged with the bloody lash until every feeling of pride and shame was tom from them with their blood. General Sickles recently-ordered that the whlpplng-post should be discontinued. Ac tuated by Northern radicalism, be ven tured to lay the heavy band of military power upon this most cherished of the few remaining institutions of the South. He for bade the whipping of men and women.- He forbade theapplication of the lash to the per sons of free men and free women. The order w&s defied. The'Southern heart was fired. There were two things that could be done, one was to appeal to Andrew Johnson; and’ the other to fight. They resolved to do both. They had yielded much to radical ism. They had yielded everything but their “ unsullied honor,” and that honor was so identified with the whipping-post, that the one could not be destroyed without destroy ing the other. The extreme has been reached at last. The South will never give up the whlpplng-postl It Is part of the South; it is - one ’of the pil lars of the social fabric. has come down to them from a past age. It has been an insti tution for the diversion of the people. It is one of their gods, and before they will aban don it they will die. They will renew the re bellion. With a flag on which will be Inscrib ed 44 The whipping-post or death,” they will renew the war v The attempt to destroy it -Will rouse every man, woman and child to •tame, The Judges are already calling npon 1 the Governors to call ont the troops to pro tect the whipping-posts. { The internecine war of which Andrew Johnson gave promise has commenced, and Andrew Johnson has united with the rebels and shouts with them, 44 The whipping-post foreverl” If Congress has any donht as to the neces sity and propriety of putting an immediate end to the mockery of governments e-v Wing In the rebel Statc% 4 hls affair of the whipping posts, should eatfeiy them, that the Bonr itonlsm of the South is inveterate, and that they will never learn anything that is not brought to their knowledge by the irresisti ble logic of force. After lour years of war, and after eighteen months of reconstruction, these Bourbons still act os if that war had made no change m the condition of the blacks, and that Southern honor cohid only be vindicated by inflictlngstripes upon Amer ican freemen. Let Congress then, without delay, bury these Johnson -rebel Governments together with the whipping-posts, in one common grave, and erect in those districts Governments founded upon principles of trccdom and civilization. THE MEXICAN MUDDLE. The announcement that the mission of General Sherman and Mr. Campbell to Mexico has proved an entire failure, may be icadily believed, as may also the statement that the General is altogether disgusted with the business. It looks very much as though the Government had sent them off oo a fool’s errand. In fact, the recent management of the Mexican question, wo are inclined to think, will neither add to Hr. Seward’s reputation as a statesman, nor achieve what ; was doubtless a leading purpose, the rescue of Mr. Johnson's administration from merit ed contempt. The American people strongly sympathize with theßepublican Government of Mexico, and deprecate the interference of the Emperor Napoleon to overthrow it. Nevertheless, they arc conscious that this interference has proved a complete and humiliating failure to its author, and is re cognized as such a failure throughout Eu rope. They arc assured that the Monroe doctrine has been vindicated by tbe Mexicans themselves, and by the triumph of the North over the rebellion, without an armed quarrel between ourselves and Prance hav ing become at all necessary. The Emperor promised that bis troops should be with drawn within _a specified time, in three di visions, the first in November last. He has not withdrawn that division, and says he was Induced to change his details of with drawal solely by military considerations; that he feared tbe withdrawal of a por tion now would dangerously expose the re mainder, and that he therefore determined to withdraw them all In a body next spring. He tlma proposes to fulfil tbe only material point of his promise, the evacuation of Mex ico within a given period, although be finds himself compelled, os a measure of military precaution and necessity, to vary the de tails of his original plan. All this he ex plained in person to Minister Bigelow, to that gentleman’s entire satisfaction; and therecaa be no reasonable doubt of his in tention to carry out the spirit. of his undertaking good faith. He bos been madcaware by tbe events of the last five years, that the American people will not tolerate his continued prescuceln Mexico, for the purpose of suppressing republican In stitutions, and that even If there were no such .opposition on oar part, his adventure has proved too b£rren of glory and too ex pec give iu cash to be persisted In. Ho will therefore withdraw, as be has promised. , The people do not care a button whether ! be takes his Frenchmen away in one ship ment or three, so that be takes them away, os be must and will. Tet Mr. Seward’s celebrated despatch to Mr. Bigelow looked very much like a proposition to find a cause of war in this difference of details. It was virtually a notification that this Gov ernment would not tolerate any departure from the terms of tbe agreement. It Is said that Napoleon has answered very briefly, de clining to be honied, and declaring that in tbe event of any attempt to hurry him, “ France can only consult her own honor.” Whether this Is true or not, we do not know. But Mr. Seward’s despatch, which reads like little less than an open threat of war, was made public some time ago, and Napoleon’s troops have not moved an inch in consequence. Mr. Seward apparently stands in the position, somewhat unenviable, of having tried to frighten an antagonist with empty menaces, and of having failed. Meantime the itiner ent commission be sent off to settle the af fairs of Mexico, returns, like Noah’s dove, witboutfindlng a resting place for tbe soles of its feet. The recent movements of Maximilian have developed another feature of the Mexican question, which is interesting rather than surprising. Having announced his deter mlnation to abdicate, and having, in fact, virtually thrown aside Ms imperial robes and betaken liimaelf to retirement, the mer chants and the Chnrch party became clamorous for his return, and offered large sums of money to maintain his government. He was therefore proclaimed anew, and Is, it wonld seem, disposed to try his band still further, even without the support of France. But the most interesting feature of tMs movement, is the development of a strong anti-American feeling among the Mexicans, as strong end determined, appa rently, as It was in IS4C, when they rallied with so much enthusiasm to repel the inva ders. Tree, this feeling was exhibited by tbe aristocratic party, wMch is naturally hostile to onr liberal institutions; neverthe less there is no donbt it extends far beyond this party. The liberals no doubt enter tain friendly'sentiments toward tilts Gov ernment; bnt the moment that party should be restored to power, there is little doubt the ancient jealousy of the Mexicans against tbe United States would revive. They have not forgotten that they once exercised jurisdiction over Texas and California, and that tbose States were wrested from them by the force of arms. Tbe report that the Uni ted States is expecting territorial compensa tion for Interfering in behalf of Juarez, whether tree or false, was the most power ful argument of the Imperialists, and one of the strong incentives for the recent effort to Induce Maximilian to remain. HORAL BEFOR.n IN NEW STORK. The laws of every Government provide severe penalties for the crime of bribery, and the penalties arc incurred as well by those who give as those who accept the bribe. Such laws are to be found on the statute book of every State in this country. The State of New York, however, a year ago took a step in ‘advance of any other, and made it a penal offence to bribe any member of a political nominating Convention, or a voter at any primary meeting. The exact motive for this law does not appear. A party Convention is not an official body, nevertheless the Legislature interposed Its authority and provided for the line and im prisonment of any candidate who may bribe a member of such Convention to rote for him. This law is peculiarly hard upon the politicians In New York City, where, owing to the past preponderance of the Demo cratic party, regular nominations are equiv alent to elections. The Conventions being composed of only thirty or forty persons in each district, all that a candidate has to do Is to secure the votes of a majority of this small number of delegates, and his election follows. We suppose the Legislature acted upon the principle that as the nominations were In laci the elections, they should be recognized as such, and therefore they should be kept pure and bribery prohibited. An attempt has been made to enforce this law at Brooklyn, and lias produced the ut most consternation among the professional' politicians of the two cities. Each one asks his fellow, “ if this law is to be pnt in opera tion, who Is safe ?” and professional delegates denounce the law as a puritanical invention to deprive worthy men of -the means of maklngan honest livelihood One Barnes, and one Kalbflelseh and others, were candidates before the Democratic Convention of Kings County for the nomination for Congress. The Convention was divided between the several candidates, and the coolest continued for over a month, the Convention adjourning from day to day. Finally it settled down equally between Barnes and Kalbflelseh, and remained in that condition until one morning when upon taksig'£ ballot Barnes bad a ma -jorily and itqp nominated, and was of course elected. l%eGraud Jury has Indicted Barnes for bribery in purchasing the votes of delegates, and Kalbflelseh, the defeated can didatc, has also been indicted for the same offence. Proof Is abundant, and If the law itself can be sustained, they must be convict ed. We presume, however, that there will be Just as much bribery the nest time, but less proof within reach of the Grand Jury. tST The Cincinnati Enquirer and the New York World attempt to acconnt for the tre mendous Copperhead defeats of the past year by charging a remissness upon party leaders in distributing documents and newspapers. Had the Democrats, says the Enquirer , been half as indefatigable in procuring subscribers for the Enquirer, as the Radicals 'have for their sheets, they would have retrieved their ascendancy in the State and General Govern ments. This Is a wrong solution of the cause of their The more pspers and documents the Copperheads distribute, the worse they are beaten. Their best chance of success depends on keeping documents and papers out of the hands of their voters. When a 44 Democrat” takes to reading the papers of his party, his curiosity Is soon ex cited to see what the other side is saying, and he begloa to borrow papers from his Re publican neighbor. He shortly ..perceives that his party is in the wrong, and that his “Democratic” paper is filled with falsehoods, scurrilities, sneers, concealments and distor tions of thetrnth. The result is,that in a short time hobccomes disgusted, quits the party, land tho Jiadical ticket. Ip this way Uhe Republican party is continually receiv ing accessions to Its ranks. The' true policy for the leaders of a party 44 founded on great immoral ideas,” is to keep the rank and file as ignorant and prejudiced as possible. A little learning is a dangerous thing among “ Democratic” voters. In the counties and districts where the Chicago Timet circulates ‘most largely, the Democratic parly is pretty much used up, and no paper ever fonght harder for Copperheaidism, pure and unadul terated, than that sheet. A reading, reflect ing people never elect snch men to Congress as John Morrissey or Beo. Wood. Did the Chicago Timet never bear of a charter being forfeited or annulled on acconnt of the malfeasance or misfeasance of tho officers or the compa ny? It had better consult some lawyer or law student on the subject and get posted before lUmakes another exposure of its Igno rance. If the rebels employed the charter or corporation of a 44 State” toaid resistance to the lawful authority of the Supreme Gov ernment, it was the Constitutional right and bonnden duty of the Government to abolish e-nch charter, or corporation, and shoot or imprison tbe office-holders found exercising their official functions in aid of the rebellion. Is a paper ordinance or charter, or corpor t ion more sacred than the makers of it ? Is the clay of higher consequence than the potler? If the National Government may blow rebellious citizens to pieces with gnu powder, or capture and hang them, or born or confiscate their property, whyhasitnot equal authority to annul or displace any charter or corporation under which snch re bellion is conducted, and to prescribe other rules and regulations in harmony with the National authority, for their future observ ance and government ? Currency Contraction* j. Secretary McCulloch’s policy of currency contraction meets with almost.universal condemnation. Every exchange we open has something in opposition to it. The people arc becoming alarmed and aroused. Tbe views presented by the writer of the follow ing letter—Hon. Harrison Noble, of McLean County—reflect the ideas in tbe public mind on this subject: Hrrwonrn, December 19,1666. Kb Eniron:—l see tbe Secretary of tbe Treas ury recommends tbe withdraw from circulation of Treasury notes, and tbo consequent reduction of the circulating medium, fas order to reduce prices of all commodities from what be calls their pres ent Inflated standard to a specie basis. His depredation of tbe circulation of Treasury notes, leads me to Inquire what good could be ac complished by their withdrawal from circulation, or wool barm would attend should they remain as at present, oras.thcy were one year ago. Suppose foot hundred millions of Treasury notes are sow tn circulation, as is estimated by the Assistant Comptroller of the Currency.twenty four millions of interest ts saved to the Govern- meet ennoally ou that counting interest nt six per cent. Twenty-four millions saved to ihe Government Is Jut tbe same amount saved to the people. Why, ther. withdraw the Treasury notes, and pav an additional twenty-tour millions of Interest? why not keep as much of tbe two thousand five 1 hundred millions of public dehtln Treasury notes as possible * Hot the Secretary says tbe drcn'etlnir medium I must be reouced, or flnarcial min trill speedily 1 erne from Inflation of prices, speculttlon ana overtrading. Does the Secretary properly appre ciate all tbe circumstances which nave so influence on this quee'ton? 'He deprecates high prices, hull would ask how tbe xedoctlon of prices at this tune, to a specie basis, would benefit the peo ple? Can a tanner pay a tax of two or thren hun dred dollars annually any easier when pork and lieef are worth three dollars a hundred, than he can when (bey are worth ten dollars a hundred ? Would his corn, sold at ten cents a bushel, and wheat at forty cents a bushel, pay a d>bi or a tax with more facility than be can pay It at the present time! Tbccase for tbe farmer is clear. How Is it for the xmrebant and manufacturer? Does not the same rule govern their business that noe- the fanners! When money Is plenty, trade active and prices remunerative, all classes are prosperous, and payments are promptly made In this question of finance the people have some rights us well as interests. The necessities of war compelled the Issue of tbe unusual amount of paper money now circulating, and tbe National debt was made when ’he values were correspond ingly decreased. That debt and Its interest must necessarily be paid. It is (be people's debt, and tbe people have II to par; but hare they not a right lo all reasonable lacilltira to enable them to meet tbose great outstanding obligations ? While two aud a half billions of debt, with Its annually accruing Interest has to be paid by tbe people, what riebtha* any financier to cnange the base of tbe debt so as to increase the Interest twenty-four millions annually, while the same process that increases tbe amount of Interest required, de creases the ability of the people to nayr Oar financial condition is now no enigma. The same policy which brought us so solely through the war, has not failed ns In two yean of peace. We bare shown to the word how a government of tbe people can carry on a war of Immense magni tude lor four years, without contracting a foreign debt, ard allis close return to and pursue its peaceful avocations without a financial revulsion. Ihe financial policy which accomplished these great ends. Is worthy of further trial, and until it tabs to meet tbe necessities of the people and of tbe Government, no.change will be tolerated by tbe people. Kanmsos Noszz. POLITICAL. Tbe President las pardoned the rebel General Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky. Bo has de- clined to be a candidate for United States Senator from that State. Eon. J. Glasey Jones, of whom we have not beard much lately, is ihe candidate for the empty honor of Democratic support fax Pennsylvania, for United States Senator. Hiester Clymer will donhUera receive that “honor.” Tbe Taunton (Mass.) Republican says the recent appointment of a hitter Copperhead as post master at Mansfield, naturally awakened a strong fcelinr of Indignation on the part of tbe citizens. Efforts were Immediately made to seenre a revo cation of his appointment, and they have been so for successful as to induce tbe Postmaster General to recall bis commission. The Georgia VonttUuHonalitt favors Horace Greeley as the Copperhead candidate for Presi dent in 1663. It says: “ Why should not the Sonlhand ihe Democracy, laj Inr aside prejudice, rerain their position under the leadership o( Donee Greeley? There is not in Horace Greeley’s record half so much to forget, of what most men call hateful, as iu Andrew Johnson’s or in Vo. H. Sewaid’s.” Twenty-five Republican papers In Mlssuii favor the election of Hon. Charles D. Drake as United Senator, while eleven have signified their prefer ence lor Governor Fletcher. Some of the German papers favor tbe election of Judge Erefcel. Pronin Clarke, late Comptroller of the corren cy. Is added to the list of candidates for the Uni ted States Senate m New York. A Good Exanns.—The corruptions ofLegiala tores can seldom bo reached bylaw, but it is en couraging that a member of the New Jersey Leg latnre, convicted of selling his vote, has been sentenced to imprisonment for one year and for ever precluded from bolding office. A few exam ple! of this kind in our own Legislature might haves wholesome effect. Tbe trouble Is, that while the existence of bribery U notorious, the fact Is cot easy to prove Tbe Democracy of Kentucky talk of bringing forward Basil Duke, the notorious ez-Confederate guerilla General, as a candidate for Governor of that State. Tbe Memphis Appeal appeals to the Democracy of Kentucky to “honor themselves” by electing him. The following gentlemen arc named as candi dates for the United States Senator from Nevada lo fill Kye’s vacancy: C. W. DcLong. J. W. Nye, 1 bosss Fitch, J. B. Winters, B. C. Whitman, A. W. Baldwin and J. Neeley Johnson—seven la aIL The friends of Nye and DeLong each claim a sore thing for their favorite. Hr. Wilson, tbe old Assessor of Inters! Revenue at St. Paul, Minnesota, having declined to yield hie place to Colonel Woods, bis A. Johnson euc ccCTor, the latter gentleman has started an oppo sition shop, and they now have two Assessor’s offices in that city, with a prospect of lively com petition. Railroad lOaltera. A Connell Blufls letter of the 17th instant says: Work on the St Joseph and Council Bluffs Rail road is progressing slowly. Tbe company, failing to receive their required supply of Iron by tbe river, were compelled to ship what they needed for the completion of their road over the Chicago and Northwestern: and the Iron is now at Wood bine. and will be hauled by teams to this place, and the remaining three miles of track will he laid this week. The care on the Chicago & Northwestern road are now running regularly to St. John's, twenty miles north of mis ciiv. This gives ns a mail In thirty, hours from Chicago. Paasencere leaving Chicago In the morning at eight o'clock will ar rive here next day at two p. m. MCHCXUKTB' XXrnESS OOJCPAST. The Merchants’ Express Company have estab lished an agency here, and an running a last freight line to St. John's dally, la opposition to the Western Transportation Company. This has a tendency to tWuce the prices of freight, com petition bring the* life of any business, and a de sideratum lost* supplied, yet more generally do mandea, in the. freighting business than in any other line of trade. Mr. JcsephAmes, the well known Boston art -Ist, rays the Boston Journal, is in Philadelphia, where Els tori is giving him sittings, to enable him to complete his grand picture of the great tragtdietmt as “ Medea.” UNDERGROUND STREAMS. The Great Lakes of the Northwest Snpplied from Iniisible Sources. Utter (torn George A* Strafeldt* Jr, Edltore Chicago Tribune: - If we take down the map of North Amer ica, and follow around the borders of our chain of Great Lakes, we will find that the tributaries for supplying the mighty torrent orwater, which pours Id immense volumes over the Falls' at Niagara, and thence through the St. Lawrence to the sea, are few in number and insignificant in effect. Lake Superior, the hugest body of fre§h water in the world, has an area of 33,000 square miles and a mean depth of one thousand {pet. There are a few small streams, none worthy of, the name of riven, which find their out let in this lake—the St. Louis and Ontona gon are the largert of these ; hut there Is probably not water enough discharged into the lake to make up for the atmospheric ab sorption and evaporation. The entire State of Wisconsin, even from the very borders of Lake Superior, is drained by rivers, which flow into, and are tributa ries oi; the Mississippi. These are, in chief, the Wisconsin River, the Black, Chippewa, For and Bock Riven, the waters of which all flow southward, to the Golf of Mexico. The whole State of Minnesota with Its thousands of lakes and streams may be called the mother of the Father of Wa ters—for all of her waten which do not gather Into the great Red River of the North are discharged into the Mississippi, and do not contribute to keep up the supply of Lake Superior; and on the northern shore of the lake, in the Britlsh'possesslons, there are no rivers which flow in this direction. Hero the current is the other way and the steamers find their way to Hudson’s Bay and other more northerly seas. The outlet of Lake Superior Is, the River St. Mary’s—a stream of considerable magnitude—which discharges the surplria waters of the lake in the direction of Lake Huron. Lake Superior is G 37 feet above the sea level. If we examine the surroundings of Lake Michigan we shall find the evidences of this theory still more striking. This lake has an area of 22,400 square miles, and a mean depth of9oo feet. It Is above the sea level 578 feet or forty-nine feet below Lake Su perior. It is also an immense body of water, whose sole apparent sources of supply are found In a few small streams which flow into it from the State of Michigan. The largest of these are the Grand and Man istee Rivers ; from Wisconsin there is only one small stream, the Milwaukee River at Milwaukee. From Illinois there is only the Chicago River, a sluggish stream without a current; and indeed there Is, at only ten miles distance from the hanks of the lake south and the water shed called the Summit, which separates the waters which flow into the St. Lawrence from those which flow into, the Golf of Mexico, and from the southern slope of this Summit,flowing southward, Is the Aux Plaines River, a tributary of the Illinois. So that Lake Michigan gets no water from ; Hllnois, bat a trifle from Wisconsin and very little from Michigan. And yet the Straits of Mackinaw carry off a large quantity of water from this lake, and Lake Michigan ihrolshes Us due proportionofthe great current which passes over the Falls of Niagara. Now, the question arises, whence comes this great vol ume and mass of running water ? Geologists are tolerably familiar with tho subject of underground streams and water courses. They know that the crust of the earth is frill of these streams, and although ' from tho fact that they arc generally con cealed from sight, there must be considerable speculation concerning them, yet there are cases such as in tho Mammoth Cgvo in Ken tacky, the Adelsberg Mountains in Switzer land, and numerous artesian wells scattered all over the world, the lost rivers on our Western prairies, Ac., from which a positive knowledge may Jwj derived concerning the, nature and history of these rock-bound.' rivers. The artesian wells in London furnish now about 13,000,000 of gallons of water daily. This is tbe seepage of the valley In which the great city is located. The water from the whole country surrounding finds Us way along the tilts and inclinations of the broken' strata, below the'chalk beds, in among the sands and gravel, from whence it is taken by boring into the ground to tbe 'depth of about 600 feet. It does not appear probable that there are any considerable streams in this vicinity, for tbe entird of the underlying gravel beds seem, as it were, saturated with water, which is reached at any point of per foration. These remarks apply to the wells of Gre-. nolle and of Pussy, in the basin of Paris, with ; the exception in the case of the latter that) they struck an'amazing-stream of water' eighteen hundred feet below the surface which discharges nearly six millions of gal lons per day, rushing to the surface with great power and velocity. This is strong evidence, certainly, of a great underground ’ stream at this pplnt. The great wells o i Kisslngen, in Bavaria, at Hnnden, in Han-\ over, at Louisville, in Kentucky, Charleston, • 8. C-, and hundreds of others, many of which are two thousand feet deep, discharg ing great volumes of water—all tend to demonstrate the fact that the crust of the earth Is penetrated in all directions and at all depths with these streams and water courses. Adopting this as a conceded fact, let us once more turn to thg map of North America and note particularly the point where tbe thirty-second degree of west longitude crosses the forty-fourth parallel of north latitude. Within a radios of five hun dred miles, of which this is the centre, will be found the great water producing region of the West. Ip this elevated and comparatively uneven surface of the country nearly all of the great rivers of the West have their sources and fountain-beads. First the Missouri, with its innumerable branches and tributaries, among which are the Yellow stone and the North Fork of the Platte, tbe Arkansas, tbe Red River, the Bio Grande, all flowing from the eastern and southern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and finding their way through thousands of miles of country to the Gulf of Mexico. On the western slope is the Rio Colorado, which empties into the Gulf of California, and which is formed by the union of the Grand and Green Rivers, the sources of which are also within the terri tory above mentioned. The same statement Is true of the Columbia River flowing through the State of Oregon into the Pacific, and of the other great streams and rivers which flow northward and westward into the Pacific and the Northern Oceans. Thus the knowledges ■ already possess of the surface streams of this great extent of territory all tend to demonstrate tbe troth of the theory In relation to ihe water pro ducing region, its location, extent and ca pacity, and also that on the surface there is but comparatively a small amount of ibis water which finds its way into our Great Lakes. It Is a well-known fact to travellers on onr Western Plains, that large streams, often riv ers in size, suddenly disappear, falling away into great fissures and chasms, sometimes re appearing, butmore frequently lost forever; where and Inwhat manner does this waterfind an outlet ? What becomes of tbe mam? of water which falls upon the earth and.ia ab sorbed by tbe soil and the rocks below the beds of rivers and streams ? The ernst of the earth abounds in water to unknown depths, and from the nature of the element, It must create for itself ways and courses of travel, as plainly beneath as upon the surface. And now, if tbe Great Lakes are not supplied by means which are upon the surface and appa rent to the eye. It J Allows as a natural con sequence that their sources of supply must be underneath the ground. The outlet of these lakes discharges an enormous quantity ofwater, the visible inlets are mere trifles in comparison—and thus there seems to be no other conclusion on the subject bat that the supply comes from below the surface of the ground. This water probably finds Inlets at different points on the bottoms of the lakes, and maintains tbe supply with as much certainty and regularity as if the streams were running on the surface of the ground. This theory Is (briber, and I think more particularly demonstrated by the great mass and volume of water which is now be ing discharged by the Chicago artesian wells. These are over seven hundred feet deep— nearly penetrating the earth to a line paral lel with the bottom of Lake Michigan—are located in no great valley or depression, snch os the basins of Paris or London.' The water bos a Lead of nearly one hundred and twenty five feet above the level of the lake; is much colder than the mean temperature of the location of the wells, being now 57 degrees Fahrenheit; these facts tending to show that it most come from a more elevated re gion of country, and also from a higher lati tude. There are two other facts corrobora tive of this point: When the water was first struck the temperature was 59 degrees Fahrenheit; it has fallen now 2 degrees, or to 57. Then the first analysis of the water exhibited 73 grains to the wine" gallon of mineral matter held in solution; the second analysis, made only one year afterwards, showed only 50 grains of the same matter. These facts, taken in connection with the great head of the water, seem to establish conclusively that it comes from some remote region of the North or North west. It is also probable that the great under* ground stream, penetrated by these wells, once discharged its waters into the bottom of Lake Michigan; but this outlet was dosed by the upheaval of the earth's crust, which Is visible at tho point of the location of these wells, and at the present time there Is no outlet except the artificial one made by tho drill. This supposition is proved by tho head and the great force and power of the water, for If it bad a lower outlet, anything like the size of the stream, it would not show a head much, if any, above the surface of the ground, and It la also sustained by the facts stated above —first, tbe decrease of the tem perature of t le water from fifty-nine degrees to fifty-seven degrees, and the diminution in quantity of mineral matter held in solntlon —the latter ft-ct seeming clearly to prove that prior to the time vhea the drills pene trated the stream, the water had dl&solred and absorbed a large quantity of the soluble matter of the rocks with which it came la contact lo Its state of rest. As soou as an opening or outlet was made, and a quantity of water was discharged, this mineral mat ter decreased '□ proportion, and the proba bility now h; that the water will become softer and purer as the amount discharged becomes greater, and that eventually, and probably at no distant day, the water will come from itt fountain-head, simply filtered and purified by Us passage through the sand stone and gravel beds. That the outlet of thla stream into Lake Michigan was closed by the volcanic up heaval of the earth and rocks, Is a probable conclusion, which con be verified by an in spection of the grounds on which these wells are located. The surface here is only some seven dr eight feet above the level of the surrounding prairie; but geologically or stratagrapblcally, it Is nearly one hundred and fifty feet above the common'level of Chicago, that is, at about one mile distant eastward and into the city. Wo bore into the soil nearly one hundred and fifty feet before reaching the same rock,'which Is here exposed upon the surface, and at the well bored at the Chicago Distillery ( Company’s premises on the ' North Branch, / tbey penetrated the Joliet marble at a depth, I believe, of one hundred and elghty-slx feet, which, at the other point la only-twenty-nine feet from the surface; this and various other frets show the nature and extent of this convul sion. And that It was.no difficult feat of nature to dam up this comparatively trilling underground stream, and leave ito-waters pent up in the rocks and caverns for the fu ture use and benefit of man. I don’t* know that. llJeae specqjtfTons will bo of sufficient interest to' make IJfeq pub lic, but they may have the effect of direct ing some abler pen to the solution of the problem as to the sources from whence the Great Lakes derive their supply of water. Geo. A. Shufbldt, Jr. CmcAoo, November, 1660. THE SOUTHERN ILLINOIS FRUIT GROWERS’ AS - SOCIATION. Second Day’s Session. Bewlalon of the Apple List-Election of Officer*—The Next iTeellng—Frnll Culture and mulching— Seeding to €»ra**—manure*—liabblu—The Borer —The Orphl*—rhe Codlin Olotn. (Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Conner, December 50,1356. The Society held an evening session last night, and revised the apple list;' continuing the discussion where It was left off yesterday afternoon. After considerable discussion, the list was fixed up to suit the meeting. The following arc the varieties recommended for Southern Illinois: Early Harvest, Caro line, Bed June, Bed Aatracban, Golden Sweet, American, Summer Pearmaln, Lowell, Williams’ Favorite, Buckingham, Rambold. Pryor’s Bed. Willow Twig, Wine Sap, Ben. Davis, White Winter,-Pearmaln, Newtown Pippin, Bawle’s Janet, Yellow Bellllour, American, Golden Basset, Lady's Sweet. Winter Sweet Pippin, Bhlnish May, Egyptian Basset. SECOND DAT. The meeting to-day was called to order by the President at o’clock, a. m. A committee -was appointed to report on the varieties of fruits on exhibition, and In structed to report at some future stage ot the proceedings. The Society went Into an election of offi cers to serve during the year, with the fol lowing result: Pruldent —Parker Earle. Vice Prend'nt —V. K. Dego. Stcrtlary—H. A. B. Holcomb. Trtaturtr— John Buck. JHrteior»~-Q. WOgns, 8. O. Jones, A. M. Du* bols, ,S. C. Spaulding, E. N. Clarke, G. H. Baker, A. Id. Biowu, C. L. Brooke, O. Richardson. TEE NEXT MEETING, The President suggested that the Society give an expression of Us views as to when the next meeting of the State Horticultural Society shall be held, for the reason that. that Society has resolved to hold Ita next meeting at Cob den'.' Various suggestions were made, and the Society finally concluded that the people here could accommodate the gentlemen likely to be in attendance at the meeting better one week earlier than tbc meeting of the American Fomological Sod* ety at St. Louis. - - FRUIT CULTURE. The Society went*lnto a discussion of the. question of the cultivation of fruits—mulch*; Inc, etc. • . Mr. Clark said he had mulched some of hlsl pear trees, and lost none of them. On an-J /other occasion he did not .mulch, and lost* ‘many. ' . Hr. Earle said mulching seemed to pre serve pear trees from that terrible disease—/ leal blight. He knew of a.*njnn who had oi wood-pile about a Bartlettjpear ttaT'thd Ilf flourished wonderfully. He also knew an+ other man with a pile of stpne about It. Itt was the best pear tree be bad. Mr. Deys spoke favorably of mulching.- He also thought pear trees should be dnltlva ted till the middle of August. 'ln order to have cultivation answer its prefer purpose, the gronnd should be deeply plowed. Mr. tValktr said be set 4% acres of trees In a wheat field. Others ho planted In corn. The former were not cultivated, the latter were. Tbc former were killed to the snow line, and the latter flourished. The cultiva tion of the trees planted in the com, ho thought, saved them from the cold, freezing weather. He kept the ground loose and mel low. He mulched his pear trees, and they did better than when he cultivated them. Mr. Hinckley bad mulched black-cap rasp berries with corn-stalks, and they did much better than when bo did not mulch. Mr. Brooks slanted clover in an apple orchard, cnt it down and piled It round the trees, and they did well, bearing better by means of the mulching. Ho had lost six trees oat of the orchard—he could not ac count for that. He bad some pear trees growing in bine grass. He cat down tho grass and piled it about the trees. The re sult was very satisfactory. He had other trees that he cultivated very clean, and tho leaves fell ofl. Mr. WUgus bad mulched raspberries and currants with straw, and with uood results. He also mulched with bagasse fresh from the sorghum mill, and the result was disastrous. It nearly killed everything he mulched with Or. Childs had fine results from mulching strawberries and currants. Dr. Curran bad tried green sawdust for strawberries, raspberries and blackberries, but It killed currants. Mnsson of a man who mulcfead Strawberries once, but had discarded it. Mr. Clark bad had great success with saw dust as a mulch for strawberries. Mr. Carpenter mulched strawberries with straw and bad great success. Mr. Clay thought sawdust the poorest mulch that can be used. It will communi cate disease to pear trees. Forest leaves are food, if they can be kept from blowing a wav. f a wet season, he would not mulch at all, for moisture- is all the tree or plant wants, and If it can get It naturally, It is better. The only objection he had to mulching was its liability to communicate disease to the trees. Hr. Richardson had nsed mulching all the year round In the North, and would try It here. . Mr. Lambert had mulched strawberries with cornstalks, and the result was good. Mr. Baker said mulching was good when ever put on. Mr. Carpenter planted pear trees seven years ago, set in clover, and tho land had never been plowed since. He mulched with straw, and the trees were a great success. . A gentleman suggested that the liability of mulching to produce mice might be one objection to it. The testimony on this point was contradictory, some centlemen contend ing that there was no danger from mice in Egypt—others that there was. Mr. Jones thought young orchards should be cultivated thoroughly up to tbe middle of July, and then cease. Mow down weeds and grass, and use them for a mulch. He would cultivate an anplo orchard till It was five years old, and then give it the entire use of the soil. Judge Brown said the great fruit grower Downing, always mulcheohLa pears, though others did not, for fear of its producing fun gus and Insects. Dr. Farrell mulched his trees with ashes with good results. Mulching with sawdust produced the grub, which was ruinous to plants. Some of his apple trees bad bceu ruined by the ground aphis, although the trees were mulched with ashes. The Society took a recess for fifteen min utes at Ik" p. m., then continued discussing tbe question of cultivation. SEEPIXiO TO OBASS. The next question considered was—'What trees can be seeded to grass, and the coo* dltlous? Judge Brown thought that trees would do better without having grass growing among them. He was of. Cue oplmon that blue grass would kill an orchard In a few years. He knew an orchard planted in clover, and the trees did not grow at all for two years. Mr. Jones said he bad a neighbor who seed ed down an orchard in grass, and he did not get one-quarter as good a crop as he (Jones) did, who did not seed his orchard in grass. Mr. Brooks spoke favorably of seeding .orchards in clover. Mr. Earle said the seeding of standing ap ple and pear orchards was a good thing, and quoted Mr. Hehan, a distinguished pomolo gist, in support of his views. The grass pro duces an equilibrium of temperalnre and moisture, that being Its best recommenda tion. Perhaps the trees will not grow so rapidly, bnt the crops will be more nnlform, the trees healthier, and longer lived. He .suggested that it he tried In Egypt, and see* if there be merit in it. Mr. Carpenter testified in favbrof seeding orchards. .He had planted orchards since 1845, and had been successful by seeding In grass. In the severe winters of 1855-6, trees in grass wcienot killed; others were. He adduced several similar instances. MANURES. The subject of manures was next taken np. Mr. Hadley thought llmo. a good manure. He used a peck to a tree. On grapes, how ever, it had done no particular good. Mr. Pomeroy said lime should be slacked, in salt water to develop its .finest qualities. It Is particularly good for strawberries, be cause it destroys all sorts of insects. He sowed It on the berry broadcast. Mr. Essex bad seen plaster of Paris used, and with excellent results, but not in this quarter. A table spoonful thrown on aMU of coin produced the same effect as a bushel of ordinary manure. Judge'Brown knew a farmer la Massac County where the experiment of manuring tree* with lime wa* bclog tried. The only effect so far on the applo trees was to pro duce a large and rigorous growth. Peaches, however, had rotted by the application. Ashes, he thought, was good. >!>- Blchardson said clover seed, mixed with plaster, was a first-rate manure. Back wheat and oats were also good. Mr. Spaulding had seen plaster used to advantage. A gentleman asked where plas ter could be procured. It was replied that it coaid be bought In Chicago for $3.50 per barrel. Mr Burnside said old stable manure was very good. He bad fouud it wonderfully bcmflclal to strawberries. Mr. Sbiek said be used stable manure on two rows of strawberries, and they grew more fully, and in better shape than any ethers he had- ■ Mr. Hadley had some experience In apply ing manure to pear trees, in his orchard ho had a pear tree which seemed to be dying. He placed straw around U and brought It back to lift, and recently It produced fruit worth fifty dollars. He had found clover one of the best of fertilizers.' Mr. Tewksbury told of an extremely suc cessful vineyard that was manured with al ternate layers of sod and. stable manure and plaster mixed. ' Mr. Jones said he was making experiments with manures. He was putting down cotton seed and anticipated great results. BABBITS. The next subject taken up was the best method of destroying the rabbit. One gentleman suggested strychnine put in apples as the best way. Mr. Bead said that arsenic, mixed with eggs, was a good thing to kill ofi rabbits. It being suggested that people might eat the rabbit after he takes the poison, Mr. Beal said the rabbit would hide imme diately after he got his dose, and would die soon. Mr. Jones said hog’s liver rubbed on the tree was good. No rabbit would touch a tree with hog’s liver on it. Mr. Dcyo had tried that experiment, and bad foiled. Mr. Carpenter had tied laths and com stalks about apple trees, and saved them from rabbits, when sulphur, tor and grease had failed. Dr. Dnbols suggested that he was using pal ings on his farm, that the rabbits could not get through. Mr. Wllgus had used soap, mixed with to bacco juice and capsicum, which kept the rabbits off the trees. Mr. Hinckley used soap and clay, and found it effective. Cheap, coarse paper was suggested as an effectual thin" to keep off the rabbits. If not taken off in the spring, the trees will die. Mr. Earle had found soap and soot, diluted with water, a good remedy. Babbits had not injured him. After some further discussion, the Society adjourned, to meet again In the evening. EVENING SESSION. The Society resumed Its sessions at 6>£ o’clock, and took up the question of Insects. Mr. C. V. Klley, of Chicago, was called upon to make some remarks on the subject, lie said there was a vast amount of popular Ignorance on the subject of entomology, and even men who claimed to be mi fait on the subject were often lamentably Ignorant. He preferred to reserve anything he might have to say till other gentlemen bad spoken. The apple tree borer was taken up. ! Judge Brown said be understood that hard soap, rubbed on the tree, was a specific rein* edy. Sir. Riley said there are two varieties of borers. They work Differently. The round*: beaded borer deposits her eggs around the bottom of the tree. Flagging the hole where the borer goes into the tree frequent* ‘ ly destroys him, tor the reason that the in sect, in boring, makes shavings. He has got. to get rid of these by shoring them oat of: the hole. U the bole is plugged, he can'tget ; out,* and dies, fie said soaping the tree was good for the round-headed borer. The other species deposits her eggs in the limbs of the trees. Soaping will do them no harm. Mr. Hinchlcy had used soap, and had never! found a borer on a healthy tree. Trees tha 1i had been injured tbongb, were liable to the 1 ravages of the borer, soap or no soap. . Mr. Jones had some experience with this ugly customer. He tried soft soap, tobacco ■ Juice and sulphur, but the preparation did no good. He next tried ham soap, and since last spring be had not seen a borer in his or*; chard. The ones bo was troubled with were ■ round headed borers principally. Persons' should begin to apply the soap about May 1,. or sooner. There are but few of the fiat beaded borers In this part of the country. The soap he used was made with one box of concentrated lye and four gallons of grease,*

boiling them together for lour hours. Mr. Richardson had nsed ashes and lime* on Ms trees with good effect on the borer. It not only killed the borer, hat made the tree, vigorous. Mr. Earle said that persons should take the borer out of the tree early in the fall, pro*' vidlng no measures bad first been taken to keep them from going In. TEB FETCH TREE BOBER. Mr. Jones said the peach tree was a dif ferent fellow from the apple tree borer. Ai little lime should be placed around the tree/ and it was a sovereign preventive. Mr. Rilej said the peach tree borer was a moth, looking a little like a wasp at a dis tance. It deposits Its eggs at the foot of the tree, and comes out a moth from the egg la July and August. Piling the earth about the tree sometimes prevented it. Mr. Jones said that two or three grains of lime to a tree would be sufficient. It should be applied about May. Mr. Barker had produced a good effect by placing tobacco .leaves In the forks of the tree. : 'Mr.-Brookit eald boiling water was good. Mr. Hunter told of a maja in Missouri who pat crocks of soap suds through the orchard: and set lamps at the chocks. The light' drew the moths into the* crocks br bushel J where thej“were slaughtered. -Hunter said the man's orchard looked like a city at night. Mr. Riley said that v white sheet tinder a tree, and the tree enfeared with ram and molaflics. drew the insects and captured them. V Mr. P» -n dog the dirt away fro*" thr Mr. Freeman dog the dirt away from the tree and let the frost freeze the borer. ' Mr. Mahan sold several thousand trees were killed about Centrallaby that means. Dr. Dubois spoke to the same effect. Mr. Riley said it was a very foolish prac tice to bare the roots of a tree to kill the borer. Tanscy was suggested as a remedy; Mr. Walker bad seen, it tried and tailed. the ourms. Mr. Riley said It was an insect that devel ops on the branches of trees principally, and sometimes on the roots. He said ten cents worth of chloroform to a tree wonld kill the insects. Hot water was also a good remedy. { Mr. Brooks bad heard that strong lime water was a good remedy. Mr. Richardson bad found qnick-Ume a good remedy. He put it around the base of the tree early in the spring. Another gentle man sold strong soap snds were good. Mr. Bulkley bad used dry lime abont the collar ol the tree, and It had no effect on them at all. He thought a difficulty abont nslng hot water would be that it could not reacti the fibrous roots. Mr. Clark had need hot water with splendid effects. Mr. Riley said that the orphls did not de posit epga, but Deduced its young alive, and one frequently becomes a grand-mother in three o:- four days. TUB CODLIN MOTH. This is a moth that deposits its eggs in the culx of the apple. It is not very numerous In Rpynt, hut is spreading. Mr/Siley said the heat remedy for them is to keep the trunks of the trees scraped and clean. Another good thing Is to bandage the trees with hay. This will attract the mag got to spin its cocoon, and they can be found in a bunch and killed. Every one killed Is 200 apples saved. Mr. Colby said if fires were built in the orchard many moths would be killed. Other gentlemen doubted that. MISCELLANEOUS. Messrs. Hadley and Jangora presented sev eral bottles of wine to the Society, and a committee was appointed to examine it. The report said that the wine was tolerably fair; the wine was manufactured in South ern Illinois. A resolution was offered, ask ing Mr. Riley, of the Prairie Parmer, to visit Southern Illinois daring the next year, and investigate the insects of this region. A committee to confer with Mr. R. was ap pointed. Mr. Leimbert created considerable merri ment by gravely suggesting that the ladies of this country pay attention to the bogs daring the interim between this meeting and the next one of the Society. Adjourned at 9 p. m. till to-morrow. BRUTAL MURDER. A Boy Killed In Defence of his Sister’s Honor. [From (be Fort Smith New Era, Dee. 19.1 The following sad account of a most brutal murder was inadvertently omitted In oar last; w A young man named Snipes, notmore than about sixteen years of age, and who resided a few miles below Van Burcn, was killed one week ago last Saturday evening, Dec. Ist, under the following circumstances: , Young Snipes and his sister, about grown, were on their way to Scollyville, Choctaw Nation, to purchase & beef. They prepared to camp at Sulphur Springs, on the evening mentioned and while Mary, the boy’s sister, was about to get supper, two women of low character, living In the vicinity, invited the clrl to cook her supper at their house. The brother and sister, not aware ofthe character ofthc women, accepted the Invitation. Shortly after they had repaired to the home, Hose Edwards, a Cherokee, well known hereabouts to be a most desperate character, entered tbe room and judging, perhaps, Mary Snipes to be of a kind with her hostesses, attempted to take undue lib erties with her. Her brother Interfered and attempted to protect bis sister. He succeeded apparently' and Edwards seemed disposed to behave himself, when all of a sudden, he drew a large bowto knife, and plunged it up to tbe hilt Into tbe breast of young Snipes. The blow was slanting In the direction of tbe heart. Tbe murderer also drew tho knife across his victim’s abdomen,making a fcarfhl gash. Snipes then drew his revolver and fired. th-*ee shots at Edwards, one of which took effect In the side, making a dangerous, prob ably a mortal wonnd. The two loose women fled at the. beginning ofthc difficulty, and came to town for aid. When the police reached the scene of the murderous transac- found the lifeless body of young Snipes near his wagon, close to the noose. The poor sister, os may be Imagined, was frantic with grief at tbe cruel ana untimely death of her'brother. Incurred in defence of her-honor. f. . Edwards was not arrested that night, bat was discovered next morning, by the police and a detachment of soldiers, in a house near the iron bridge on Poteau. He was conveyed to town, and now lies at the guard house in the garrison, in a very critical con dition. ~~ We learned since that the victim of the murderer, who is said to have killed already fifteen persons, was a most excellent young man, and the main prop of his bereaved pa rents. Destructive Fire in Maine. Boston, December S3.—A fire at Newoort, Maine, jaterday, destroyed the most of the busi ness portu not the place, iacwdlsg the Masonic Hail. Loss heavy. THE GOVERNMENT OP LOU ISIANA. Memorial from (he loyal Men of the State. Senator Trumbull »■ Speech* Id the House, Tuesday, December 18, Sen ator Trumbull moved the reference of a me morial from the loyal men of Louisiana, setting forth the disloyal character of the present political organizations la that State, to a committee, and said: Ur. Tnmucii. I have received from M. A. Poothworih, Bojd Robinson, A. F. Miller, John Devonshire, Simon Jones and Jacob Hawkins, a committee appointed by the influential loyal vot ers of Looisutaa for that purpose, a memorial, which Is accompanied by a letter signed aj Jscob Hawkins, the chairman ot a meeting held by loyal citizens of Louisiana, and charred -iih the dnty of stating the hist oryacd objects of the memorial. With the Icavo of the Senate 1 will read a portion of the letter of Mr. Hawkins. He states: u About seventy copies, in possession of as many gentlemen, have been scattered over the State for signatures, and the names thus obtained have all been attached to this document. It has been presented to nearly all of onr more Influen tial loyal citizens, and aboot one-third of them have signed It, the others being deterred from do ing so by regard for their personal interests or personal safety. The memorial has not been pre sented to our colored citizens tor their signatures, as It was deemed best that it should be signed nearly by representative men. 1 respectfully state that it Is the strong conviction of your me morialists that in order that the aciou prayed for may he peaceably and effectually consum mated, congress should act Immediately In this matter.” This petition Is signed by J. Madison Wells, the Governor of the bate of Louisiana; W. B. Hy man, Chiet Justice of the Supreme Court of Louis iana ; R- E. Howell. Associate Justice, and very many others, embracing, as Is stated in the leltir of Ur. Hawkins, about oue-third of the more in fluential and representative men who are loyal in the btate of Louisiana. The petition sets out that the prerent political organizations in Louisiana are not republican, because a majority of the citi zens of that btate are disfranchised, and because they do not give adequate and legal protection to all the citizens; and the petitioners allege that these organizations are not loyal, “ because they are controlled by those who were engaged In and now sympathize with the rebellion against the Government” “We respectfully represent (say the petitioners) that a large majority of the voters of the State re gret the failure of the late rebellion, and now openly approve and advocate the principles and feelings that produced U; that the principles and persons of those who remained loyal are a» odi ous to them now as during the war, and that those who assisted the General Government in its victo rious contest are now in the condition of a van quished parly; that the murders and persecutions of loyal men are increasing In frequency and tur pitude, and that the lives, liberty and prosperity of the freedmenare mainly dependent upon the Interests and caprices of the disloyal; and that neither we nor they can obtain Justice In the civil courts or adequate military protection.” They farther say: “ We therefore respectfully, but most earnestly, petition your honorable bodies to take such ac tion aa will supersede the present political or ganizations In our Slate by such as trill be loyal to the General Government, and secure to the loyal people of Louisiana protection in their Uvea, liberty and properly.” The source from which this memorial emau nates. the important questions which it treats, and the high character of the gentlemen who have signec It, will excuse me, I trust, for oc cupying the attention of the Senate for a few moments before 1 shall move Its reference to a committee. If it he true, as alleged in this memorial, that the loyal men of the State of Louisiana are In the condition of a vanquished party; if their Uvea and liberty and properly ore noteafe under the political organizations that ex ist, and which arc iu tbo bands of disloyal men (and that these allegations arc true, the gentlemen who make them have the best means of knowing), it eeems to me U is our doty to frke some acrfjn in regard to the existing state of things In the State of Louisiana. J know we have proposed a Constitutional Amendment for the ratification of the States In the Union, and if It should he held that the ratification of that amendment by three-fonrtLs of ibo gov erning Suites made it valid, that would not remedy the existing evils in the State of Lou is Inna. or any other ortho rebellious Stales where a similar condition of things exists. Something more would be necessary, it would be necessary to enter those States and hurl (Tom power the disloyal elcmentwhichcontrols and governs them. Need we wait for the ratification of the Constru tional Amendment to do that! In my Judgment, we need not. 1 think Congtess hie complete ConlrtiLover the wbo’e subject. Under the Con stitution lira incumbent on Congress to sea that there la guaranteed to each State In the Union a republican form of government. This duty de volves upon us and nobody else. The Constitu tion cays: “The Congress shall have power to all laws which shall be necessary and proper for car rying Into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers rested by this Constitution In the Government of the United States, or In any department or officer thereof.” what power is vested la the Gcvennreut of the United States? Another clause of this instru ment says: “The United States shall guarantee to every Stste in this Union a republican form ;of govern ment.” What department of this Government is charged with the duly of earning that power mto effect ? By the terms of the instrument It is the Congress of the United States, and nope other. And even if the power were vedwd in the Executive, which it is not, it would be the duty then of Congress to pass the necessary laws for tils carrying it Into effect. But, str.itlsnot simply under this clause of the Coastlmtlon that tha Congress has complete jurisdiction over this whole subject. There are other clauses. The Constltntlon declares that the Congress of the United States sball have power “to declare war" and 'mate rales concerning captures on Isnd and water,'* “to define and punish offences against the law or nations." And what was this rebellion bat in offence against the law of nations} “To raise and support armies and make roles for their government and regulation;" and also by force of arms to pni down Insurrection under these war powers, vested by express terms of the Constitu tion itself In the Congress of the United States. Congress has complete luriealoion over this whole subject, and the rcneDlona Plates and the p'ople ol those States are in the Condition of any .other people who have wickedlj-and causelessly ,«oderukuQto rebel agalnsta aood andJnatQov eminent and tailed in tne wjarkaklng. Wbnt, sir. Is the condition office people In these rnTfVtnnnjiissTr-r "r~ tamoux* In the condl. ilon th-*y Srtn! They undemok, .not aa indH vtouaJs, bn? as Stales, through! their State organ! l rations, to disrupt this Government and set up a Government Independent of the Government of the UnlUd States, and in hostility to It They overthrew the State Governments which were la existence, which cooslltitod the only link between them as States and th j Federal Gov* eminent. There is no other way by which a State, as such, has any connection .mth the Fed* eral Government, except th rough a State organi zation ; and the Federal Government has no con* section with a State, either in its representation or In any other way, except tbtonch a State or* ganlzation In harmony with the Federal Govern ment. Iheso rebellions states, tool sura among them, succeeded In de stroying those State organisations; they thereby broke the link which bound them as States In this Union. They were no longer States ol (be Union having the rights and the privileges of Slates of (he Union. They were still communi ties, and Statefif you please, within the Jurisdic tion of the Union. The laws of the-Union oper ated over the people of the rebellious States Just as completely daring the rebellion as before or slice. Every law ci a general character extended over the people of the rebellions States Just as much as those of the loyal States. It Is true that for a time the Federal Govern ment did not have means of enforcing Its laws: but every duzen In those States was amenable to the law. ItiatraeloeverycasewbereanjcUlzeu violates the law that the Government has not the means of preventing Us violation; if It had no crime would | ever he committed. The law for olds murder and theft and robbery andarson; bat thefts and robberies and burnings take place !n violation of the law. Sir, the law forbade this rebel lion tit was not powerful enough topreventtt, and the Government of the United Slates for a time was not able to enforce Us laws within the limits of the rebellions States; bat every citizen or those States was amenable to ibe taw whenever the Government was in a position U» enforce its au thority. This, sir, in my Judgment, was the condition of these rebellions States. The people of those States succeeded in destroying their loyal State organization, they set up State organizations in hoatflrty to the Government of the united States. The Government of the United States, as was Us doty, overturned and extinguished these disloyal Stare organizations. What then was the condition of the rebel States? Were the old State governments revived! By no means. There was not, and had not been for years, a single officer under those old State governments, nerher Governor, nor Judges, nor Legislatures, nor executive officers of any description; there was not an officer In one of those States bolding bis office under the State governments whten the rebels overthrew. We ourselves, by the power of the Government and the bravery of our troops, overthrew and extinguished the rebellious State governments. There then existed no link by which those States as States were connected with the Federal Gov eminent. In order to renew that connection It was necessary that State governments ahould be set up. This was admitted by everybody, and the President of the United Slates, acting under this admitted fact, undertook to organize State governments. In my Judgment, he bad no au thority to enter upon that work. The Constitu tion of the United States confers upon the Presi dent no implied powers; he has only express powers. The implied powers are all conferred upon Congress, and Congress Is to pass the neces sary taws to carry oot the powers vested In the President or in any other department of (be Gov ernment. Be cannot frame the laws by which to carry into effect any ol the powers conferred upon him. But, sir, he undertook through Provisional Gov ernors, whom he appointed to organize -State governments in order to restore the connection between the rebellious States and the Union, which bad been broken for five years. Now, had the President’s plan succeeded, had he succeeded in organising State governments that were loyal to tbe Union, that were under tbe contro)|of loyal men. that protected loyal citizens and secured freedom to all -the- Inhabitants In those Slates, Congress tolchl and doubtless would have ovenooked the matter of' their organiza tion and recognised ■ them as restored to their former relatione, because Congress Is as anxious, and the people of this country arc as anxious, as the President himself ever was or can be, for tbe complete reglorsttoji of the States of the Union to their former relations .■ upon fair and honorable terms. But. air, tho people of this country are cot willing that the rebellious States ahull continue to be ruled over by rebels, and Union men be persecuted for their loyally. This memoiul shows that the State organiza tions m Louisiana, or the political organizations a* they are called, are not republican; and U states moreover that tbe loyal men who assisted the Government to put down tho rebellion aro In the condition of a vanquished party; that murders and persecutions of loyal men are Increasing in frequency and turpitude, and that they cannot obtain justice in the civil courts or adequate mill taw protection. . lam also informed by a gentleman from Ala bama, who has placed iu my bands an official re port made by the Treasurer of tbe State of Ala bama, that taxes have been Imposed by the politi cal organization in that State, and money col lected and appropratlons of that money made to pay the salaries of tbe rebel officers who ruled that Slate during tbe rebellion. To Governor Watts thousands of dollars have been paid within "the last rear out of money collected by taxation oH the loyal people of the Slate. Mr. llowAim. If my friend from Illinois wil allow me I will rclcr him to the authority. If there be any authority for that mode of levying taxes. He will find UlnfSbc circular letter which the Secretary of State addressed to the various Provisional Governors in the rebel States some time In tbe month of June. 15CS, directly giving it as his opinion that the Provisional Governor had authority to levy taxes for the pnrpoaeof paring hla own expenses and tbe expenses of the Legislature that was about to be called together. Sir, nmm. Sir." President, the case lam stating goes back of,that Money has been col lected within the past year, as I understood. In tbe Stale of Alabama, acd oatd, not 10 the Provldonal Governor appointed by the President, col for the expense* ol the Legislature be convened, but to pay tbe salary of the rebel Governor while tbe : war raged: ana 1 am told by as officer who served in the Union army, and who previously fled from his home in Alabama to avoid 'conscription into tho rebel ranks, tint Ibe officer by whose orders oe .was pars ted, his home destroyed, and bis family tamed hoase- Itfs upon the world, has been paid within the last year us salary as an officer for doing tucse very things; and be gives me this official document, tbe treasurer's report, showing tbe payment of tbe “S: sir, how long Is Ihfs condition of things to last i How long Is the Congress ol the United States to sit here and allow itsloral citizens,men who fought to sustain the Government, to ba per secuted tor their loyalty, to be taxed to pay tbe salaries of the men who persecuted them. And, sir, 1 am told by delegations from North Carolina and Alabama and Louisiana and Texas, Intelligent centlemen, that the Union men of those States must leave them unless something is done for their protection, that they can get no justice in the coarts, and that they bare no protection for life, liberty or property. 1 know the Pr* wJent claims that these States are already restored to their former position In the Union, that be b-e done iL I hire already commented npon the went of power la the President to do any such thing Bat he constantly refers in his arguments upon turn question to the the that tee postal and toe reveune and the jndlcial systems are extended over this: rebellions Stairs, andhe seema to suppose he ex* tended them there. Why. the President has had nothing to do with extending the postal and reve nue laws and the Jndlcial system over the rebel lions states. They extended there all the tlma of the rebellion. Every general law of Congress ex tended over the rebellions Mates as ranch as oxerthe loyal States, bat that did not restore their connection with the Union. Their connection «i broken by the destmefon of ibeir Sate organ izations. without which it could not exist. The dtlrxßS of those States are amenable to oar laws and were all the time of the war. The law Itself extended over them all too time, and there had been no extension of 1c by the President. It was not in bis power to extend the laws of Congress beyond the limit where the laws themselves go. These political organizations which be has been Instrsm nlal In organizing are m:rely auxiliary to the military power, and he has treatea them so himself all the time when ever they hate done an act interfering as he thought unjustly or Improperly with the mili tary control of Ibe country. This shows exactly what they are; they are political organizations subordinate to the military power, and In my judgment entirely within the control of Congress, we can control the military power there; and the President of the United States, although he is by the Constitution Commander-In-Chief of the Army and the Navy, must command the Army and Navy according to the rules and regulations which the law prescribed for bis government. Ho can carry his powers Into execution only in aceordasco with such laws as Congress tnlnks proper to The doty of Congress, in my Judgment, is, if this state offsets be true, a$ alleged. to Interfere at once, and set aside these political organizations which are oppressing loyal men, and are man aging the adslrs of these States in the interest of* the very men who sought to overturn and destroy this Government—that la the particular case— mnat accept 'he fate that awaits ah people who unjustly and wickedly engage in war and are defeated. They are at the mercy of the Federal Government of the United States of America; and the Congress of the United States is vested with authority to pass all laws neerseary to cany into execution ail powers en trusted to this Government. Then, sir, I think it should exercise this power and pass the necessary laws to secure to Union men and loyal citizens their rights in these rebellions States, the neces sary laws to place them In anlhorltyand control i so mat they may have protection, and secure to all republican liberty. And now, sir, commending (his memorial to the serious and early attention of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction, I more that it be referred to thatcommlttcc. Mil Davis. I have bat a word to say to the honorable Senator from Illinois. Be certainly has taken a very extraordinary occasion to deliver his speech in exposition of the merits of the petition which he has presented. 1 presume that the hon orable Senator, though he has addressed his speech to the Senate, uuerdsltto reach to the Legisla ture of Illinois, and to Influence a certain election that is shortly to come otf there. If that he his object, I hops the honorable Senator will succeed in it. I bare read the names of the competitors of the honorable Senator from his own party for bis succession, and 1 religiously believe that be is a much abler and a much better man than any or all of them together, if they could all be made into oneman. [Laughter.) Ithercfore hope that when that election comes on the honorable Senator will be re-elected. I am satisfied that he wilt bring more ability to the seat which he la to vacate on the 3d of March than any one who has been named, and 1 am equally i-ahsfled that, although the modicum of disinterested and unselfish patri otism which be win bring will not be very large, It will still be immensely greater than that which any of the others will brings in relation to the memorial which the honora able Senator has presented, and the matters of complaint embodied In it, 1 have only to say that in my judgment U amounts simply to this: there are In the states to which bo refers an insignifi cant number of Radicals —I do not speak of their respectability, but of their numiutr. They are too Insignificant to grasp the Governments of those Slates, and they Just petition Congress to put those States Into commission, establish a Govern ment to be managed by Commissioners, and in effect pray to be made those Commissioners them selves. That is about the sum and substance of Ibe whole tbinw . in the remarks which 1 have mads I intend no discourtesy to the honorable Senatorfrom Illinois. I feel creat personal respect for him. 1 appreciate hia ability as a Senator, as a lawyer; I believe he Is a much better man than most of the men with whom he is associated, and who act in connection with him in the country; and therefore I greatly desire, when his successor is to be elected, that he shall be bis own successor. Mr. Tbcxbuix. Mr. President, Iregretthattbe Senator from Kentucky cannot rise above per sonal considerations In the discussion of ques tions in this body. 1 thank him for his personal kindness to mr, and hope to be on terms of per sonal friendship with him while we occupy seats here; but I have never been snlltyof indulging In a reflection upon the motives of Senators in their discharge of public duty here, aud 1 am sorry that the Senator from Kentucky is cast in such a mold that be supposes that when a brother Senator takes a- particu lar course here it Is done In reference to his personal standing. I think, sir, if I know myself, that 1 have been governed In my action in this body by a sense of public dnty, aud that there Is nothing In my course to warrant the Senator from Kentucky In casting npoo me any such imputation as that of making a speech for the purpose of securing a re-election to the Sen ate. Sir, he may be cast fn such a mold that bo would do it; 1 am. not. If my public coarse here Is not such us to meet with tho approbation of my constituents, 1 most take the consequences. I have not shaped itm reference to eecoringthe peraoxal approbation of my constituents farther than a tallhful discharge of public duty may be regarded as having that tendency; and the impu tation of the Senator from Kentucky Is wholly unwarranted. FROM EUROPE. BY OCEAN TELEGRAPH. ILo.vdon, December 93—Noon. Peace meetings are being held in various por tions of Ireland, and confluence 1* increasing in England that the threatened Fenian rising is likely to amount to nothing. Londos, December 22—Evening. It Is said the British Government will require the Spanish Government to explain the seizure of the Tornado, and If they cannot Justify them selves, will require an apology for the set and in demnity to the owners mid crew of the vessel, j ' PARis3^Bm6er29—Evenfrjg. * GeneralDizwillhaveUaaudience withtS« Em\ peror Napoleon to-morrow. All the Unite it States Legation will be pi escnL i Paris, December S3—Evening. It la rumored that another conspiracy has been discovered In Madrid, with General Prim at its nead. Paris, December SS—Evening. The Constl*u'Aounel believes teal (he journey of the Empress Eugenie to Rome wiil be postponed. Laieft Foreign Uuketi. Losnos/D seemlier a—soon. Consols—s9jf for money. Stocks—lllinois Central, 79; Erie, 47; United States 5-20e,72*. Fsaxoobt, December a—Noon. Doited States Five-Twenties, 76X- Ltvaspoon, December 22—Voon. Corros—Buoyant; sal&i 12,000 bales middling up lands, UX®l4Xd. As tw up. December 23—Noon. Lrmrooc, December 23—Evening. Corros—Market la stead?; tales 13,000 middling Q p. lands, 14#d. Losnox, December 23—Evening. Cossets—Closed at 90 fbr money. Stocks—lllinois Central, 73k; Erie, 49; Doited Stries Five-Twenties, 7J>*. Loxnox, December 23—Evening. Cossets—At tOX tor money. Stocks—United States 5-203, »3J<; DUnola Central bbares, 79 ; Erls, 46K, FROM WASHINGTON* (bpcdal Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] WaaaiXGTox, December 22, tux pnxsmKsr'a dzcisios ut tub xudehkb wat son’s cass. Thera Is great rejoicing Inseceshdrclca to-night over the order of the President dissolving the Military Commission which was trying Dr.Wntson at Richmond, for the murder of a negro. Tbe order was Issued in accordance with a decision of ths Attorney.Gcneral that the late decision of the Supreme (Court reached the cose. The Attorney General is very busy in determining tbe applica tion of this opinion to the present state of affairs, and also Us effects In undoing facts of the military courts. Your correspondent with the New Orleans ex cursionists communicates tbe following, after passing through Virginia: A delegation of lead ing men had accompanied the party, and were ez teeding every hospitality. They all talk freely, and say that the people are unalterably opposed to .he amendment. Although they approve of Johnson’s policy, they have no confidence in him. The policy indicated by the talk of the politicians, is that the Booth will take no action, but wait for some change to take place that will seenre easier terms tor her than those now proposed. BTAT2OSKBT TOR BETZSBI PURPOSES. The Commissioner of Inlernalßevenne has Issued a circular to officers of the Bureau throughout the country, directing them not to make any more purchases of stationery; that is future to make requisitions upon the Commissioner for all they may require. * KXnOItAZ. BASX CUSSZXC7 to the amount of |199,C31 was issued by tbe Act ing Comptroller of the Currency daring the week ending to-day, making the total sum Issued to date, f3CO,*DI,OOI; from this latter sum sbould be deducted me~ aaounr or nnr currency returned to £be Department and can celled, which leaves the circulation of these In slUutions at present date, $29^,307,5691, thzasubt Dusccancrrs. The disbursements of the Treasury on account of the several named Departments, daring the week ending to-day, were as follows: War De partment, 91,215,786; Navy Department, 9M4,7T3; Interior Department, 1131,370; total, 91371,931, fbactiokal cububict. The amount of tract!onai currency received by the Treasurer from the printers during the psst week is $852,140. Amount shipped to Assistant Treasurers and National Bonks was $3t9,000. HATIOH.IL BAHK BKCUiUTLES. The secnriUea held by the Treasurer of tbe United States to (rust for National Banks reported to-day were as follows: For circulating rotes 9316.256,630 For deposits of public moneys 88,933,900 Total 9579.190,600 SECLJUXI ACAIS9T FRAUDS 15 FRACTIOSAL OUB- RXHOT. Mr. Price, of lowa, will Introduce a bill at an early day to provide for the better security of the Government against tbe possibility of fraud in the redeeming and destroying of fractional cur rency. TBS POTOXAO JUV2B ls frozen over at Georgetown, and the ice is suf ficiently thick to Interfere with navigation. szcntTAnT h’cuixoch will be absent from the city for a few days during the holidays, wben Assistant Secretary Chandler wßi be the acting Secretary of tbe Treasury. Returns received at the General Laud Office for the month of November shows that 41,173 acre* of the public lands were dispensed with in the fol lowing localities: Stevens Point, Wls-, 32.977 seres, 8.0U3 of which were sold for $10,117 cash, the remainder were located with Agricultural College scipt and military warrants. AtLaCroac, Wls., 3,700 acres were taken under the homestead law for actual settlement and cultivation. On the first of January 353 patents will bo issued by me Patent Office. This is for two weeks, but is the largest number ever Issued In one day. COHTUACT ZHVXSncATIOH. The Senate committee on Investigation Into tbe award of contracts made recently by Ur. Bogy, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, was in session to-day at the Indian Bureau. Ur. Bogy and Ur. Mix. Chief Cleik, and others were exam ined concerning tbe same. PARDOHS. Among recent pardons granted by tbe President is that ol General M. w. Ransom, of North Carolina. the AsaAsscranos cossnsArons. Wasqxhgtoh, December 22.—1 t la reported that the Sopremo Court will grant a writ otAatars cor pus In the case of Ur. Mudd and others confined at the Dry Tortmas, charged with complicity In tbe Lincoln assassination. • anzPUBLiCAH rosac or covers rut nanv A rumor is current that a prominent Radical •Bemberolthe House Is D**u*rtngabm to gnsr ante* to New York a repobUria zona of goverc moot, or to other words that there shall be no dis .cnmins’lon la favor of while against the colored population. Scrxzß co.vnticr tin mo. on of the recently awarded Indian contracts'shows they wore ihlrty-eoron thousand dollars higher than were the rejected bids. mssocßi DimcPLim. General Groat nos relumed, and reports that tbo difficulty in Missouri has been explained to the satisfaction of Governor Fletcher. rnz BowtzsontuoAN dzcdion. The Cabinet ha* decided that the decision of the Supreme Court In the Indiana conspiracy case, must be recognized and sustained, and obeyed to coofl faith. general sutoxan and xnom Campbell. Washington, DecemoerlS.—MlnlsterCompbell and General Sherman are expected to arrive hero from New Orleans In a ftw trays, their ecarchfor the Juarez Government having proved a failure. They are m telegraphic correspondence with tbs President and Secretary Seward. It is not deemed advisable to publish the despatches. OOVEBXmXT GOLD. At the close of business to-day, the Treasury held sold to the amount of of which 918,070,710 was in gold certificates, and the rest belonging absolutely to Government. On January let. 910,000,000 in coin arc to be disbursed on account of interest on gold-bearing bonds. axxqpATons wxzmmAWN. The President, conforming to the request of the King of Prussia, and In consequence of the Incor poration of Hanover, city of Frankfort, tad Duchy ol Hesse into that Kingdom, bos withdrawn ana declared to be null ana void the exoquators here tofore issued to a number of Consuls of those States in Ibis country. Among them are Adolph Gosling, Con-nl General st New York: Frank C. Hofimao, Chicago; A. C. Wclmons, Milwaukee; Adolph Meier, St. Louis: Tbeo. Schwartz. Louis ville ; Carl F. Adar, Cincinnati, and all others rep resenting the States named. fBOM CANADA. The Fenian Trials—Disagreement and Dis charge of the Jury—Tbo Case of Smith— Trial and Acqmtnl ot Terrence McDonald. SwsrrsßCnc. C. E., December 33.—Terrence McDonald, charged with uvlog a British subject, ai d indicted like Madden, was put on trial. Mr. Devlin asked for a postponement to enable the prisoner to prove that be had been natural ized In the United States. The Judge sold that in accordance with the decision of Chief Justice Draper be felt bound to decide tbst naturalization in the United States did not exempt prisoner from liability to be tried as a British subject. 'The case proceeded, and witnesses swore they recog nized the jrtltoner as one of the armed Fenians. Cbadhourne, another witness, produced an article said to be a Fenian medal, which he took from the prisoner when be arrested him. Mr. O’Ballonn, the prisoner’s counsel, argued that the ofience charged was not a felony, ana that the Indictment was wrongly told. Overruled by the court Alter argument, the case was gives to the jury. The jury in Smlth’scMCCoald not scree, and were discharged. They stood eleven for acquittal and one tor conviction. Court adjourned. Swketsbcbo, December 23 Midnight.—The jury bemg called at S o’clock, returned a verdict of “Not guilty." The prisoner, McDonald, was taken to jail, being still held (or charges of rob bery and attempt to commit rone. Toe court adjourned till Monday. FEOM. CIHCiaSATI. Attempt at Murder by an Internal Machine— Celebration ot Forefather's Day—Jammed to Death, [Special Despatdrto the Chicago Tribune.] CtscisxiTi, December 22, An attempt to destroy the life of Howard Get* tingbam, master workman at tbo Youngs town, Ohio. Railroad Shops, by an Infernal machine, was detected on Thursday last, in that place, by a Cincinnati detective. Ihe Intended victim had discharged a lad JVom his employment, and hla father, John Howartb. made the torpedo and bad It placed where the man wonld get IL In opening it, however, a (hw grains of powder es caped, which excited suspicion, and the box was soaked in water, after which i'- was opened, and its character discovered. Howartb was 'commit ted to prison to answer lor the attempt to kill, and also the charge or robbery, as over flvo hun dred dollar* worth of tools were found in his house, the property of the railroad company. Forefathers' Day was celebrated to-night by a splendid supper at the Walnut Street House. The attendance was large, and the a Hair handsome and gratifying. . John-Niblett. a switch tender on the Atlantic & Great Western Railroad, was crushed to death be tween two trains, at the Seatiltaborg Junction, yesterday. After the severe frost, a thaw is prevailing. FROM NEW TOBK. Mile of Ocean. - Arrests Daring the Past Year—Weekly Imports —The Whiskey Fraud Investigation- New York, December SB.—The steamers Arago and Fnlton were Fold to-day at auction at £330,000. They were bought by L. W. Jerome, who repre sented the Havre Steamship Line. They will con tinue to run to Europe. The strainer Ocean Queen, from Asp in wall, brought (1,331,000 in treasure. There were 1/7,000 arrests here In the oast year. Eighty-three persona were arrested for homicide. The imports tor tho week at this' port were (5,250,000, of which dry goods were (3.350,000, and general merchandise, upwards of (0,000,000. The committee for the investigation of frauds in the Revenue Department has adjourned, not to reassemble until after the holidays. Develop ments, so far, more than fulfil the promises of those who desired the frauds investigated. The Investigation Committee have learned tbac gigan tic frauds have been practiced In New York, and a Govermncntofflctal is Implicated. They have discovered that there aro over 3,000 small dlsul -1 lerles carried on In the city. In cellars and out houses of private dwellings, where whisker is tnane, for the purpose of evading the tax of two dollars per gallon. The committee will visit the principal cities of the WesN when they have concluded their work in New York. The magnitude of tho leak they are endeavoring to stop may be Judged from the fact that, according to the census of the amount of whiskey made in the United States was upwards of ninety millions of gallons, and by the last report of the Revenue Commissioners it was less than ten millions of gallons. New Yons, December 22 —Tne anniversary o the'iuidiog of the Pilgrims on Plymouth Rock was- appropriately celebrated, as usual, to-night by the Sew England Society. A numoer of dls ungnlshfd gentlemen were present. Toasts were offered, speeches made, and high hilarity pre vailed. MEXICO. D.abll Ameota of Opposing Forces.; New Ycmc, December 22—Ths steamer Cor sica. arrived ibis morning with Vera Cruz dates to (be Gth, sod City of Mexico to the 2d. The news confirms the Issuing of a proclama tion by Maximilian stating that he will remain In Mexico. The general impression In Mexico' was that Maximilian would go 21 soon as he could, and it Is assorted that a portion of his baggage his arrived at Havana. New Yonx, December 22 —MaxlmUlan’sprivate secretary was a passenger In tho steamer Corsica, from Havana. The Etlafette, Bazaine’a organ, says the recent rejoicings over the announcement that M tzimn lan bad decided to remain, were made by the Church party. The Mexicans are dkgusted with Maximilian, and will not submit again to his rule. Basalne is anxious that wart-nrunw should leave. Mazatlan has been occupied by Corona and his liberals. Carvajalhaa threatened Lezeoc m the Valley of Mexico, granting twenty-four boon for surren der. The gunboat Winooski has gone to Tampico, with despatches tor Minister Campbell. FEOM PHILADELPHIA. Deavi Safe Bobbery—New Masonic Temple to be Bolli. Pgiiadzlpiiu, December 23.—Tho sals of N. Q. Cochrare was bnrelamed last evening and robbed of Government securities to the amount of $50,000. The lire proof safe was enclosed In a brick wall thirteen inches thick, and a hole large enough to admit a man was made In the wail from Irside. Tbe fire proof was completely ransacked. The burglars are supposed to have been secreted Is the store at tbe time of closing. Tbe Masonic Brotherhood of this city have de cided to erect a new Maionic Temple at the north east comer of Broad and Ransom streets, to coat not less than half a million dollars. FROM NEW ORLEANS. Testimony Before (he Congressional laves* tlntlot Committee—Uelnauamrutt on of Tarf Sports. Nrw Oclzakh, December 22.—Several wit nesses were examined to-day before the Con gressional Investigating Committee, among whom were Judge Warmouth and Judge Dowell. All connected with the commission are sworn to secrecy. Before returning to Washington the commission will *ake evident* regarding the sen timent of tbe people and the management of the Federal departments in this city. There was a splendid gathering to witness the relnangOTTUlon 0/ the tarf sport? *— * die Metalrac Race Course. Lieutenant General Sher man and Major General Sheridan were present. FROM MILWAUKEE. Salt for Damages against the Northwestern Railway Company —Arrest for Infant!* clde, Muwausss. December 22.—Tbe suit of Amos Sawyer v». tbe Northwestern Railway Company, to recover damages for a quantity of Conr lost af ter being shipped, which oas occupied the atten tion of the County Court for the past three days, was decided by a verdict of SSOU, and interest for five month#, in favor of plaintiff The case Is to be carried to the Supreme Court. Yesterday morning a woman named Elizabeth Schrader, Jiving in me Ninth Ward, was arrested on the charge of concealing the birth of her child. The body of the child was found In the privy vault of the house In which sbe lived. ■ - swih imrci Pens and Chill Reject the Peace PraMat tUaa of France and England—Other War matters. Nzw Toux, December 22.—Peru and Chill have determined to reject the proposed terms of me diation from Franca and England. Spain most salute their flairs, abandon their claims and re turn the $3,100,000 received from Peaet’s Govern ment. Preparation for war continued. A treaty of fensive and defensive is formed between Bolivia and Paraguay, the former to supply 3,500 troops and carry the war Into Brazil. CONGRESSIONAL EXCURSIONISTS* Courtesies ta Che Party on the Bonce, SHOxvms. Tens., December 23.—Tbe Con greulooal excursionists arrived here on a special uam which met them at Bristol, with a deputa tion of prominent citizens. Tbe excursionists were formally received here by Colonel Baxter. Governor Brownlow was at tbe depot too feeble to stand and receive the party. A large delega tion of citizens, with bands of music, escorted the excursionists to tbe lamar Souse, where speeches were made by Senators Ramsey, Lane, Morton, Wade, Vice President Foster and others. They were subsequently entertained at a banquet. loanaoratloo of Governor Worth.! Ttimow, N. C.. December 29—Governor Worth was inaugurated. In the presence of both booses of the Legislature. Ills Inaugural ad dress was warmly endorsed. ITnllor*’ Strike Coded. Boston, Mass., December S 3 journeymen tailors* strike bas ended, and they have resumed work at the former prices. Shooting Aflrav. Junction Crtr, Kansas, December 22.—A. shooting affray occurred at Ogden, eight miles from here, yesterday, in which the City Marshal was killed by a soldier of the Seventh Cavalry, and two soldiers of the same regiment were shot a re turn by the citizens. Dr. Watson the Hirderer Discharged. Riciixohd, December 92.—The Military Com mission for the trial of Dr. Watson, is dissolved by order of the President. Dr. A. 8. Watson has been discharged. Negro Children Delivered Up to Their Parents, BALTnronr, December 29.—The four negro chil dren bound to Mr. Richardson, of Anne Arundel Comity, nndcr the apprenticeship laws of this State, were delivered by him to General Gregory, of tbe Freedmen's Bureau, to be restored to their parents. Richardson did this .in preference to submitting the case to civil court. Judge Bond recently ordered the release of a number of chil dren aunllaily held. POA IBIS LADIES. SHOULD WOMEN BIDS ASTRIDE ? Regarding the costume introJaced, bat dow abandoned, by Mrs. Bloomer, sod as to how ladles may ride, the Spectator thinks tbst: '* On this and some other similar mat ters, It is useless to argue with prejudice bound Britons. The true argument Is the right of choice, and, tn denying It, society Is injuring itself, lust as it Is in denying women the right of riding os they choose. ' So fixed Is this particular form of oppression, that English society will not discuss it, refuse* to entertain the question, and would con demn a dozen leaders of fashion if they mods the attempt to Introduce a reform. Thor might walk into a ball-room dressed a £» Josephine—that is. undressed to the waist and the only lesult would be a general dis appearance of tucker; but they dare not for tbclr lives ride as triday Tet there is abso lutely oo reason, either of convenience, or security, or modesty, in favor of the side saddle; not one single argument which ought even to have a bearing' when opposed to the distinct right, subject to the laws of morality, to ride as they please. We do not say there are reasons for abolishing the side saddle. for, though we think there are, that is not the point. A woman has a right to ride English fiisbion, or Turkish fashion, m Chinese' fashion, if she chooses, and society loses in refusing to concede the choice." CURIOUS EPITAPHS. VVMIVW J BfUAf IU. In Pewsy churchyard, Dorsetshire, Eng land, Is perhaps the most absurd of lauda tory monuments, as well fbr its praise as for Its Hlbernlclsm:—“Here lies the body of Lady O’Loouev, great niece of Burke, com monly called 4 the sublime.* She was bland, passlorale, and deeply religions; also, she painted in water-colon, and sent several pic tures to the exhibition. She was first cousin to Lady Jones; and of such is the Kingdom of Heaven!" Very few of this class are worthy of preservation, except for their ab surdity. Here is one of Ben Jonson’s, on the Conntess of Pembroke. “Underneath this marble hearse Lies the subject of all vene, Sydney’s sister, Pembroke's mother. Death, ere thou hast slain another Wise, and tkir, and good as she. Time shall throw a dart at thee." BEARDS. Von Helmont tells us that Adam whs cre ated without a beard, bat that after be had fallen and sinned, because of the sinftil pro penalties which he derived from the fruit of the forbidden tree, a beard was made part of his punishment and his disgrace, bnnglnjg him thus into nearer, resemblance with the beasts, toward whom he made bis nature approximate. The same stigma was not in flicted upon Etq, because even lathe fall ska retained much of her original modesty, and, therefore, deserved no sa«h vTpf&maKk” mark. Yon Belmont observes, also, that no good angel with a beard; and this, be says, W a capital sign by which angels may be distinguished. TUB DAQM.tR JACKET. This style of jacket is very fashionable at. present amonetbe ladles of St. Petersburg, who have chiwtcncd it after the fair and youthful bride, whose uear relationship to the Princess of Wales gives additional inter est to all particulars relating to herself and to her alliance with the heir to the throne of all the Rnssias. The material of the Dagmar jacket is white ribbed cloth. The design which ornaments it, both at the back and front. Is black braid, worked with beads. The scolloped edge of the jacket, the sleeves, and neck, are bordered with black Astra canfhr. Sable Is occasionally substituted for Astra can, and bos an extremely rich effect. MALE AND FEMALE HAIR. It is a curious fact revealed by the micro scope, that the hair of the head of women is larger in Its fibre than that of men, and to this circumstance is due the fact that It ob tains a greater length. It Is, therefore, of more importance that the skin of tbo scalp in the female should be supplied with all those materials of which hair is composed ; or the ba!r produced will be imperfect in Its structure, irregular and rough. TUB EMPRESS A SKILFUL SHOT. Eugenie,-as one way of killing time, has, it Is said, endeavored to bring shooting Into fashion among ladies; bat, among tho peo ple of her set, there are not many who like fire-arms. Ladles there certainly are. In France, who take' kindly to sport, and who shoot tolerably well; bat they belong to the old landed nobility, and the old noble families don’t go to coart. The Empress* people are ot a different set altogether—they prefer lit' finitely the pleasures of the wton to those of the field; intrigue Is more in their Hue than gunpowder. This is vexing to the Empress, os she, like many Spanish ladies likes sport exceedingly, and is even a very skilful shot. ALICE CARET'S MINCED CHICKEN. Mince all that Is left o( cold roast or boiled chicken. Warm It with half aenpof cold gravy, and a table-spoonful of mushroom sance. Pile It in the centre of n dish, and place ronnd alternately small and very thin slices of broiled ham. and poached eggs on toast. MRS. STOWE’S BREAD AND FRUIT PUDDING. Take thin slices of white bread, nearly fill a battered mould with layers of bread and layers of fruit alternately; beat four eggs, mix them in a pint of warm milk, and pour it over the bread and fruit. BoiUt twenty min utes, and serve it with white sance. if the poets and novelists of America fare in this sumptuous manner, they are certainly to-be envied. MISCELLANEOUS. The Madrid in Us account of tho baptism of the infant of Donna Maria Chris tine and Don Sebastian, says that the Royal infant received twenty-seven names, the first of which is AUonso, and the last Todoalos Santos (all tho Saints.) An exchange says that a Cishionablo lady in Pittsfield wore her now bonnet to church last Sunday the wrong side before, bat docs not state how tho error was discovered. We don’t know what snake the Devil took the shape of when be came to tempt mother Eve, Jm* If he wishes to fascinate the women snaire 0 ** e better com® Ermine, that elegant frill dress frir. will be popular as ever this winter for operas and ball occasions; but, except with a toilet of . great richness and freshness, it Is oat of place on the promenade. “Where are yon going so list, Mr. Smith ?” demanded Mr. Jones. “Home, sir, home; don’t detain me ; I have Just bought my wife a new bonnet, and I must deliver it before the fashion changes.” ' Plain stripes in silks and satins ore going ont of style. "The now silks ore all elaborate In design, and of the heaviest quality—revi vals, in fact, of the silks of Lyons in the days of Loots XV. A lady, paying a visit to her daughter who was a young widow, asked her why she wore the widow’s garb so long? “Dear mamma, don’t jou see, replied the daughter, “it saves the expense of advertising tor a husband, as every one can see that I am for sale by private contract.’* Short jackets for the house, and even for morning shopping, are made of black cloth, dotted all over with yellow silk, after the manner of “jet dotting,” and trimmed about the edge with a heavy yellow cord. Some times jockey jackets are made la this style, and have large gold buttons to tosten them In front and ornament them hchiod. The Immense pockets ore also fastened down with gold buttons. A correspondent from the Rocky Mountain region says that when an Idahogm is kissed, she looks up surprised, and In aogellctones. In which regret and resentment are equally commingled, exclaimed : “ Howeou/dyou?” To which the swalu replies, and la expected to reply: “It will give me great pleasure to show yon.” And immediately furnishes the wished for illustration. Women Toting In New Jersey. During the debate In the Senate, a few days ago, on Cowan’s amendment to strike out the word “male” In the franchise bill for the District of Columbia, inquiry was made of Mr. Frelingbnysen whether women ever voted la New Jersey. His reply ad mitted that they once did so “in local elec tions.” But the fact Is that, for many years women were recognized there as voters on precisely the same terms as men. Lucy StondandH. B. Blackwell, citizens of New Jersey, have made an Investigation, the re sult of which la remarkable, and proves that previously to 1775 only men voted: bat that, la 1776, the origi nal State Constitution conferred t&o franchise on "all inhabitant*” (men or women, white or black, possessing the pre scribed qualifications of XaO clear estato and twelve months residence, and this Constitu tion remained In force until 1841. ’ In 1790 tbe Legislature, In on act regulating elec tions, used tbo words “he or she” in refer ence to voters. In 1797, another act relative to elections repeatedly designates the voters as “ho or she.’* In tbo some year, 1797, sev enty-five women voted in Elizabethtown for the Federal candidate. In ISOO women gen erally voted throughout the State la the Presidential contest between Jefferson and I Adams. In 1802 a member of the Leglsla- I tore from Hunterdon County was actually ( elected, m a closely contested election, by 1 the votes of two oe three women of color, i in 1807, at a local election in Essex County i for the location of the county seat, men and » women-generally vero ( jointly Implicated in'very extensive frauds, la the following winter of ISO 7-8, the Legis lature, In violation of the terms of tbe Con- I stitutlon, ps*«d an act restricting suf frage to free, Wujte, male, adult citizens, : and in reference to these abolished the property qualification Oi" j£so, thus extending It to all white male tax-payS l * while excluding ail women and negroes. Id 1820, the same provisions were repealed—and remained unchanged until the adoption of the present Constitution in 1844. It thus appears that women and negroes possessed and exercised the right unques tioned under the Constitution of New Jersey from 1770 to 1807, thirty-one years, and that from ISG7 until 1844, they pos sessed the right, but were abUnurily deprived of its exercise thirty-seven years more. This Is, we believe, a feet un paralleled in the political history of tbe world, and was probably due to the strong Quaker Influence in West Jersey, then, as usual, exerted la behalf of equal rights. New Jersey enjoys, we believe, the dUtlnc- ■ tion Of having heen the first State which con ferred npon all Us citizens equal political privileges, without restriction of sex or color.— j.Vcw York Tribune. Dlacovery of the Skeleton of the Sni>- pooea Murderer of the Joyce Children. Bostoh, December 17. There Is some reason to believe that tho i skeleton found recently In Needham’s Woods is that of tbe murderer of the Joyce chil dren. The bones have been examined by a surgeon, who thinks they have remained there several yean. Immediately after the! murder of the Joyce children In Bazzy’s Woods. Eoxbury, which diabolical affair crested great excitement at the time, every effort was made to apprehend the perpetrs-' tor, bat without success, when an effort was made to fasten the guilt upon a State Prison, convict, known as ‘‘Scratch Gravel,” hut it was subsequently shown that he was not in tbe vicinity at the time ol the munlor. The supposition now Is that the real demon, im mediately alter committing his hellish work, took to the woods to escape detection, and after weeks of wandering about, living on roots to sustain life, he finally perished iVotu starvation and fear. A quantity of hair was found by the side of the skeleton, which re sembles that worn by tbe man who was last seen near tbe spot w here the terrible affair took place. “link Twain,” tbe humorous writer. Is on his way from California to the East tie Us ooa or ex-Govecnor Clemens, of Missouri.