Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 25, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 25, 1866 Page 2
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Chicago r AHT, TBMTEEKLT A2TD WEEKLY. OFFICE. N#- SI CLARK-ST. That we three edinoos of the Tzmn tnoed. Ir, -iTcry moratnr. ftr dmiUtlon by carrier!, oewssa and tba bsUs. SI. The Txi-WaxxLT, Monday*, W«3- tusiays sad Friday*, fbr tbs matla only; tad the Wekklt, on ThLrtdaya, fbr the mall* and sole at oar coaster mad by strums. Terns of the Chlcaca Tribaae: Dam deßvered tn the «ty tor tkuj f 93 Dally, to moll nbscrlberi (pa wma^payit bj« is adrasce) i<>oo TM-Weetty. fper aatam. payable id advance> (1.00 Weekly, (per maun, paysme In advance)..... 3.00 Fractional partt of Ue year at the awns rates. *» Ptnos* maltttsz and ordering ore or more copies of either the Ttl-Weekly or Weekly edition*, may retain tea pa cent of the nbecrtpuon price** a Nones to scan-mm,—in ordering the addresa 01 year paper* chanced, to prevent delay, be tore and •pertly what edition yon take—Weekly, Tri-Weekly or Dally. Aim, ciTeyoarpaxsxxrandfatnre addret*. br or4ft * Kr T r »**> Woaey ordm, or In BecuteredLeaara,maybeaentatoartlak. Adlrees, • TRIBUNE CtK. Chleafe, 111. TUESDAY. DECEMBER 25. 1806. CHRIST 21 AS, In all the blessed communications from Heaven to man there was none so fall of promise, and followed by such glorions frui tion, as that of the angels proclaiming to the shepherds the "good tidings of great joy" —the birth of the Messiah, the nativity of the Savior. For that announcement prophets and patriarchs had sighed, and closed their eyes in sorrow that it was not to be in their day, and becanss the anspicions coming o! good will among men was reserved for future gen- 1 erations. To-day the Christian world puts on its holiday garb, and exalts in the birth of the Redeemer. To-day the Christian world sings the praises of the Infant God-man, and from grateftil hearts pours out Us thanks for his beneficence. The life of Christ was one long act of char ily and mercy; bnt no period of it so awakens in the human heart those emotions of grati tude to Him, and good will to fellow-crea tures as this festival of His nativity. It has been from time immemorial ibe season of fraternal love; the season when, In the pres ence of the Babe at Bethlehem, human pride, human arrogance should be humbled, and mankind for whom He was bora should feel and recognize the unity of the human family, and their equality in the mercy and the Justice of God. It is the festival of all others when the child and the parent are drawn, to each other by the memorr of the Divine incarna tion, and when man can but feel that ho is but a member of a family having the same origin, protected and preserved through life by the same mercy, redeemed by the same Sivior, and destined hereafter lo the same eternity. It is the day when the poor have an advo catc in the Child In the manger. Those that hanger and thirst and arc .naked have In Him a suppliant in their behalf. To feed the hungry, to clothe the naked, to minister unto the wants of the poor, !s bat to Imitate the kings who carried their presents to the new-bom Child for whom “there was no room In the inn.” To-day, while the world rejoices and Is singing the praises of Christ it is but a duty to seek out the sufferin- P°° r ;, to give unto them liberally; to kindle a fire upon their cold hearths ; to put food upon their tables 'where there Is none; to give clothing to the limbs now shivering with cold; to give com fort to the sick—in short, to relieve and sac* cor distress andalllictlon in whatever form it may exist, that these, as well as your selves, may rejoice in the “glad tidings” and realize that the glorious promise of good will among men has not tailed. Chicago has much to he gi’ateful for: her general prosperity, her giant progress In wealth and in all things that tike up a great and happy people. Bat, this Beiiwn Chicago has an additional cause to be gratel fu\ in the exemption she has enjoyed from the cruel pestilence which has been so terri ble in other places. Christmas is an appro priate season for a practical exhibition of tins gratitude. There are families of the poor from which that pestilence has taken the strong arms which kept them from pov erty. Into the stricken hearts of the survi vors, let those who have been spared pour consolation, and make that consolation more abiding by substantial provision against physical want and suffering, and thus mike all participants In the joy and happiness of this festival. This is peculiarly a season for Jov. Tbcold and tbe young alike share in Us happiness; there should be no sorrowful frees at the fes tal board to-day. Let joy be unrestrained; let happiness be universal, that the world may rejoice In the nativity of the world’s Redeemer—the Savior of mankind. RON FERRO AN|» EMANCIPATION, The announcement that the Emperor of Brazil has emancipated all his slaves, leads to the hope that at no distant day he will turn his altcrtlon to the subject of emanci pation throughout the Empire. The exam ple o: the United States and Russia may well Inspire him with the high ambition of con necting bis name with an event that will ren der it illustrious through all time, and place U side by side with that ofLlucoln and Alex ander, as one of the great benefactors of the human race. In extent of territory Brazil is the third country in the world, being ex ceeded only by China and Russia. The slaves, as shown by the census of L»0, number two and a half millions, or about one-third of the entire population, which was less than eight millions, Including five hundred thousand native Indians. It is evident that with a ser vile Class so nearly equal numerically, to the free population, slavery os an clement of weakness which any wise Government would seek to remove even as a mailer of mere policy, regardlessof the high er claims of civilization and justice. It is not improbable that tbe humtlating defeats Don Pedro has suffered in his contest with Paraguay, have opened bis eyes and tanght him some useful lessons on this subject. The array he Is able to raise and maintain, out of a j opulalion of about eight millions, would appear ridiculously small In a free- country., With a population of two millions, Illinois sent a hundred and eighty thousand soldiers to sub due the rebellion. With four times that number of subjects, Don Pedro cau scarcely send one-fourth the'number of soldiers to fight in las fruitless qnarrcl with free and gallant Paraguay. Slavery never obtained much of a foothold In Unit country, and when the bhve population uf Brazil was mure than two millions, that of Paraguay was less than a thousand. The war that has b*en going -.u bet ween those two countries, exhibits in a strikirg manner the strength and vigor freedom and the weakness and clfcmiancy of slavery. Paraguay, with a population of let:, than one-fifth of that of Brazil, has raised and mail talned larger armies than the Empire couldx put in the field, has promptly met the Invaders at every poiut ami, although frequently defeated In the bcgit -ting of tbe war, has exhibited a c»mr. aa«- and endurance that have at last won the victory. Don Pedro must abandon his enterprise against the brave Rule Republic in humiliation and di-gracc, or protract a hopeless struggle that can only end in exhaustion and final defeat. With such a prospect before him, it would he strange if the Emperor should not study the causes of bis weakness. So studying, Lc would be a blind pupil If ho failed to see Ir slavery tbe agent of his humiliation. We may hope, therefore, that in emancipating his own slaves, he has done so to prepare the minds of his subjects for an abolition policy, acd intend*, as soon as practicable, to proclaim liberty throughout the land. He has, at any rate, an example in his own household, that will be certain to cast tbe moral weight of his government into the scale of freedom, and to make emancipation fa-bionable among the imitators and follow ers of the Conti. It is an example that will* nit in the least commend him to the ex-Con federate soldiers who are contemplating an emigration to his dominions, or have already gone there. Tbe chief purpose of .the Brazil emigration scheme was to get away from “Abolition” rule, and to seek a hap pier land, where rebels could enjoy the pa triarchal Institution of slavery to tbclr hearts’ content. Even If Don Pedro docs not mean to root slavery out of his Empire, he shown that he is, personally an ’‘Abolition ist,” and hence he cannot be trusted by tbe friends and adherents of the rebellion/ S5T* Buhop Green, of Mississippi, has writ ten a Pastoral Letter to the Church and Laity of that State, in which he commends the subject of negro education. Our readers will remember that Rev. Mr. Marshall, a dls tlncnlsbtd clergyman of the same State, not long since published a letter on the same subject. The two epistles are similar in tone. Mr. Marshall wants the Southerners to educate the blacka to prevent them being educated by the “Yankc.s.” Bishop Green pats it on the ground of sound policy and Christian doty, but he seems to think that the aboli tion of slavery Is a terrible disaster to the negro. In fact, the greater part of his letter U devoted to pointing out the beauties of the lost institution, and the physical and spiri tual evils that the “ fanatics ” have brought bp on the miserable victims of freedom. He thinks the African will go back to the gross idolatry and heathenism of bis ratlve lard, if Uls especial and heaven-sent protector, the ez-slaveholdlng rebel, don’t stretch forth his hand and rescue him. “This change,” he says, “ has been literally forced upon them; for a happier race of laborers was never known on the face of the earth. • * * Ko barrier tea* interposed to prevent an honest and trustworthy servant from learning to read hi* Bible." \{’c thought the purpose of the Gospel wit not to cad me righteous but sinners to repenlanc*. But the system which the Bishop commends scorned to contemplate tho matto- In a very different light. Only the “ ho-:cst an 1 trust worthy M were permitted to read tho Bible M’c should the dishonest and thenn trustworthy were the very ones that most need of reading it. However/It la a mere waste of ink to discuss a mitter that has been already settled. Tho Bishop belongs to a part ace. He Is a fossil and If he Is to be dismissed at all, It should be by the antiquarian. Bnt there Is a live quee tlon involved la this letter, and that Is tho education question; It is something to re joice over that the very pro-slavery Bishop of one of the very worst pro-slavery States, should give his official sanction to tho edu cation of negroes. It shows that the world moves, and that light is gradually breaking in upon tnc benighted regions so long made dsrk.by slavery. BAILBOAOiI IN TUB GITX*. The Common Council are engaged In con sidering various amendments to the City Charter, to be Incorporated* In a bill which the Legislature will Be asked to enact Into a law. Wc notice that the Connell In Com mittee of the Whole, have agreed to the fol lowing, to he included In the powers of the city government; To authorize tho □«- o r the streets and alloys in said dty by railroad companies: .'Voii dsd. That a majority of Ihe property owners on such street give their consent.” Ac. There are two extremes of policy on this question. The one which would, without restriction or limitation, place every street and avenue of ttic city at the use and occupan cy of any railroad; and the other that would exclude them entirely from entering the city and from using or occupying any street. This amendment practically carries out the I* tier policy, Chicago owes much to the railroad system which centres here. The business of Chicago cannot be transacted without giving to railroads certain facilities, but while the city should be liberal with them, It does not follow that the city should surrender everything they may demand. The proper role U to make all such grants upon conditions and limitations. Railroad companies have no greater rights than other persons. In granting them the right lo use the streets of this city, the con sideration is the public benefit resulting from such use. When that consideration tails, the city should Lave the right to re claim the street. No railroad should be per mitted to use any street for any olher pur ree than laying its track thereon. Wheu it uses the sime ur a standing place for its cars, or erects sheds, warehouses, and depots thereon, It becomes a public nuisance, not compensated for by any public advan tage. All that any railroad can reasonably' atk of the city Is the right of way over and across the streets to its depots. Any thing beyond this is unnecessary, and sbonld never be granted. It was undoahledlythc intention ot the Council to restrict the use of streets by railroads to the laying of tracks thcreib. It would be safer, wc think, to add lo the first clause snch words os will prevent any fhture misunderstanding, or difference of '•pinion, cn this point. The effect of the amendment will lc to exclude all railroads not now havin'* the right of way, irom entering the city, and thus confer a monopoly upon those which have tho right. However desirable this may be to the railroad companies who now enjoy this special privilege, the time has not come when Chicago can close its doors and say that no other railroad shall come hero. To soy that no other railroad shall enter Chica go is absurd ; to say that no other railroad shall have the use of a street or alley for its 1 tracks, is simply to force all new companies ' to pay a bounty to some company having j the use thereof, for the privilege of using its ! tracks. Me do not believe that in granting I the use of the streets to railroads to enter I the city. It was ever intended that the com panies lo which the privilege was granted, j should sub-let or hire out that privilege to ! others. »Vct it has been done, and b now done to a large extent in Chicago. The proposed amendment to the charter provides that the consent of a majority of the property owners on a street shall be giv en before the Council can grant permission to tbe laying of a track on any street. MTiy she consent of tho owners of property on the street? The idea that the owner of a lot has any more just coutrol of tbe street on which that lot fronts, than any other citizen, has been Judicially and wisely exploded. The proper rale is, that whenever the general in tercets of the city will be promoted by the opening of a street, by the vacaUon of a street, cr by giving Us use to a railroad, cr by taking its use away from a railroad company, the Council should have ihe power lo promote that general good, whether the owners of lota to ho affected by tbe proceeding, or the railroad companies, wiih ench action or not. The amendment will give to the owners of a majority of the prop erly fronting on a street, the power to ex clude the entrance of a new railroad, even when the interests ot the whole city mav de mand it, and of course the property owners would refuse to give their consent. We h .pe the Council will correct this before final action on the amendments. It might bs made lo read thus: “To amboriicibc use of Ihe streets and alter j of .* e c.tj b.v raiboaa to., panic*, for tbe laying or therein; F/cridrtf. that all such gram* thill tC 6’il'jt CUC antt limi.atioiifl ana icsTrlc lon* as the urttnee Loaned xnaj fiom lime to urns nro ilac,” Ac. r OEXItO AGAIN. If wc may credit tbe latent reports from Mexico, the pent-up and reciprocal hostility of Maximilian and the French has at last breken out Into an open quarrel, aud Napo leon has already commenced the withdrawn ol his troops. Mexican nows Is generally the most contradictory and uncertain news in the world; yet these reports correspond well with facts previously established, nod may vciy likely prove to be true. If such Is the case. Maxi milicnls no longer the prottgeof a foreign power, but the chosen head of a Mexican • arty, and a very powerful one at that— the Church, or aristocratic party. Wj are told he will be supported by all the wealth,- influence and military strength of this par ly, and if so, his resources are by do means insignificant.* It seems probable, therefore, that the old conflict between the Republi cans and aristocrats Is about to be renewed with all the bitterness and ferocity that have cbarac ti-rizcd it in former times. Nor Is this the i-iry evil that 'menaces unhappy Mexico. 1 be rival claims of the Republican leaders : coder imminent a renewal of the sanguinary cuds which have formerly made revolutions i mutter of almost daily occurrence, and buve tapped the very foundations of society u that country. The moment Napoleon 'ithdiowshlsarmy, ns he soon will. If it Is • ot already In motion, these fends will be me strictly a domestic matter. In which his Government lias no right to interfere, xcepi upon the principle that the Mexican* ; re incapable of self-government, and that 1 Is our duty, as a matter of common . humanity, to step lu and prevent the effurion | • f bleed ami the swoy of anarchy. Maxi- 1 mllian, as the elected leader of the Church I party, becomes merely an adventurer, and ! Us presence is no more a violation of the 1 Monroe doctrine than would be the presence * of John bmlih or any other individual from any country. There can be no ground for interference In the mere laettbat Maximilian was ah Austrian Archduke. If be choose* to abandon the not very tempting prospect •■f wearing the Anslslan crown, for the un certain honors of a Mexican crown, it Is h!s business and the business of tbe people over whom he may rule. How far the Admlnis • ration has sought to commit this Govern ment to the maintenance of the Jnarcz Gov ernment, Is not known. If that Government is to be upheld by the United States, it bo comes more and more evident every day, that 1: can only be acsompUshed by military occu pation. Such an occupation would be re listed rot only by the Church party, but by thousands ofMcxlcans who are now unfriend ly to Maximilian, and we should soon find our- .*olves Involved In a war of no mean propor tions. All questions of international law sridc, we scarcely think the country Is pre pared to undertake such a task at present. Tilt niNSOCttl TEST OATH. It Is confidently asserted thst the Supreme Court of tbe United States have, by a major ity vote, agreed upon a decision that' the test oath ofloyalty required by the Con stitution of Missouri, of ail attorneys prac tising in that State is void. The Copper heads and rebels are Jubilant over this deci sion, which, so far as we can perceive, is a uirect blow at tbclr favorite doctrine of State L'cveicignly. Tbe oath is prescribed by tbo Constitution of the Stale of Missouri; It is an exclusively State enactment prescribing an additional qualification for persons prac tising law In the State courts- If tbe Su preme Contt of the United States may decide that the people of Missouri cannot require a particular form of oath of the officers of the State courts, may It not decide that tbo State has no power to require-tbat these offi cers shall be white ? If tbe State have no power to establish the qualifications of its Judicial officers, what becomes of that “sov ereignty” which the Copperheads and rebels *o incessantly demand os inherent in the State* f J«rw Ice Boat.—The Prairie da Chlcn Courier says Hon. Ira A. Branson, of that place ‘‘has constructed an Ice Car, which Is the nearest thing to perfection In the line of lee navagatfon,tbat we have ever seen or heard of. J udge Bnuuon had his invention tested, and It works to a charm. He has been about three years in bringing about Us prac tical success. The present model Is worked by hand power, and glides over the ice with six men on It, faster than most any Jjprae can travel.” It is capable of power suffi cient to draw fifty cords of wood or a dozen loaded sleds, on the Ice, and can be rendered canal to a locomotive by the use of steam. The construction is quite simple. A CHBIST3IAB RETROSPECT. Tbe Great Benevolence, niaionr op the united states SANITA RY COMMISSION: Being lh« General Report of Its work during the War of the Rebellion. Dr CnjLitLrs J. S tills. Cloth. Faces H 3. Philadelphia: J. B. LipplncoU A 00. Final report of the United S’ates Sanitary CommlsFioo, tho best organized and the most scientifically applied of all benevolence. Stores enough lo supply another Xerxes ; wealth enough to buy another small king dom. The treasures that flowed to the front IVom all sources can only be adequately measured by that sympathy which made one vast unit of the people and their defenders. Never philanthropby drew from nation such magnificent gin. When Washington’s army was in Its dark est valley, and despair came near to the mid night of onr early history, the women of Philadelphia made several thousand pieces of underclothing, and, with three hundred thousand dollars, sent them to headquarters. The spirit of the city of brotherly love spread abroad. In Maryland Mrs. Lee, the Gov ernor’s wife, formed arelief association much resembling that of the " Women’s Society” of New York. Mai tha Washington "went and did likcwhe" in Virginia. Thatcher greatly eulogizes the gentle projectors of do nations toward the straggling Government of the revolution. He says, " Sach free-will offerings arc examples truly worthy of imi tation, and ought to be recorded to the honor ot American ladles.” Kindly history treats Ticbo’s rule of cycles, and the women of onr own time are fonnd to bo not very unlike the matrons who sat at the cradle ot the Repub lic. But there is progress even in giving. The ladies of 1760 made a half dozen wagon loads of clothing. Those of 1805 fed a mil lion and a half of men at nearly five millions of substantial meals. The former raised funds and supplies in kind to the extent of proba bly half a million; the latter not leas than twelve millions in stores and two and a half millions in money, and this for the United states Sanitary Commission alone. Little did the patriotic women of Bridge port and Charlestown and Lowell and Cleveland think that their unambitious or 'ganlzations, formed, the first two on the day after tho fall of Sumter, and the others on the eighteenth and nineteenth of that memorable April, would be set down In his tory os tbe widow-mites of vast national thank-offerings that should mount up to more than three score of millions. The most beautiful passage in the life record of the cleverest money-gcttlng people In the world is America's history of unselfish giving, and the example of this generation’s munificence will go down through all time as an Insplra tion tothc generous and a monument of gratitude to the memory of the men who gave their lives to rave the nation. The highest influxes—as Swedenborg would say—are feminine. Banyan became a Christian under the charm of some old la dies’ talk about Jesus, and the toiling Pil. grim of the greatest allegory was the result. The hard-headed Positivist’s experience In Plato’s love led him to write the Religion of llumai/Ity ; and bis devoted saint-worship at lie grave of a women was the one thing of beauty In the sad life of Auguste Comte. If there be anything of divinity in the deeply wrought ideas of justice and liberty which aland out so prominently in the works and life of J. Stuart Mill, he himself docs not take the credit, fur he sat at the tripod of his own hearthstone and wrote the inspirations of a noble wife. A young lawyer saw a Ladles’Anti- Slavery Society turned ont of doors by a Boston Mayor’s mob, and the greatest of orators became the most radical of Aboil tlcnltls. The Rev. Dr. Bellows and Dr. Harris attended a meeting of New York lio.-t-Ual iiiaiions, and were emboldened to declare th.msclves the servants of a new phllanthrophy. The Idea of that meeting took form In a call of ninety-two women for a Cooper institute assembly of their sex; and au association was formed which grew into the sublime embodiment of the Sanitary Commission. . In its widest scope our martial benevolence Include* much more than the agency beueflU of the great commission. The Intent was whether the’ald of the donor were to feed hungry soldiers, to promote enlist incuts, to succor the families of volunteers, to supply comfortable j clothing, to care for the sick and [ wounded, to send aid to the distressed I Unionists within the rebel linos, to build , homes and rests, to endow orphan asylum*, to feed impoverished operatives abroad, “to give homes to living officers or erect monu ments to dead ones.” Mr. Goodrich calcu lates the aggregate amount In money of all the donations of the war at sixty-nine mill lois of dollars. By including the immense sums raised by unanimous tax vole—another form of giving—and the collections of rainy thousand small societies, the non-furae-scek ing but Important almoners of rural neigh borhoods, and the many Individual contribu tions of money and stores forwarded to the seat of war without record, the total might be increased to a hundred thousand dollars. TbU pent up sympathy must have an out let. It was apparent that the people ivould insist upon cxti a governmental aid to the cit izen soldiers. The manner of thus aiding them is the history of the benevolent socie ties and particularly of the United Slates Sanitary Commission. The extreme suffer ing for want of sanitary stores anda system of prevention in the allied armies before Sebas topol confirmed the popular belief that ordi nary supplies were not adequate to meet the necessities of volunteers, used to the com forts of civilization and fighting In a sultry climate. But Surgeon Saltcriee, to whom the proposed foster care of the soldier was first hr« ached, expressed an emphatic opin ion that any outside interference would be unnecessary and dangerous to discipline; and the opposition on the part of the authorities continued to check the sanitary effort through its whole career. The chief difference between the English Commission sent ont to the Crimea, and that of this country, is that the foruur J ad plenary power and accomplished comparatively little,i,while the latter bad very meagre auxiliary powers and did pro digious work. In the most formal, save i Spain, of the Christian natlota, where routine is second nature and authority gov ctns almost evcrytblng.thrce Commissioners were despatched to the army to reform ; abuse* in the sanitary system; and the Min ! of Lord Panmnre, expressly told them that their duties must not terminate ulth the issuance of orders, but that they were to see instantly that the work they (•tdvud was commenced, and superintend it day by day until It was finished. They were further directed to nseall diligence in‘ascer taining whether anv and wha* removable causes of dbeas? connected with the camps and hospitals existed, to represent such de fects to the military and naval authorities, to issue Instructions for their reuuval. and to see that I ; lr instructions were complied with. In like lone wa* Sidney Herbert’s letter to Hcrence Nightingale, She was to control the nurses and to hold unlimited power of calling upon the Government for any aid necessary to make her mission suc cessful. Not so our Commissioners. Those of the “ powers that be,” who thought them honest, pitied their seatimantality and were u tiling to humor them till the popular voice be cam" quiet; others considered' them as a mere accession to the throng of Interested politician* thst annually hive themselves in the city of boarding houses and Infest the lobbies of the capilol. President Lincoln himtclf, thought they were trying to “sdd a filth wheel to the coach.” Dr. Bellows and the friends of the movement received the in estimable privilege ofsendlng inspectors to lot-i at the campt, and of adeiting the Medical Bureau as to the sanitary needs- Representa tive men of science, deeply read In the cause of army diseases, with the whole Amari-an people at their backs, had to stand aside and sec fresh symptoms of another Wslchcren blunder, or witness American citizens perish ing with the scurvy, when one paragraph in a newspaper might have brought to almost any point wcllnigh enough potatoes, and onions, and ssocr-krant, to bury a small town. But discipline must not be Impaired. We cannot see why there Is not as correct discipline in eating vegetables and wearing comfortable clothing as in eating bard crackers and wearing rags. If that be disci pline which may be foretold with certainty to result in a terrible disease, there Is need of reform. The discipline of the Army of the Cumberland provided that eight barrels of vegetables should be distributed every day, and so it appeared on the books of the Com missary General; bat only three rations of vegetables were received by the soldiers in twelve months. The scurvy came, and somebody is responsible for Its victims. As to the necessity of a Sanitary Commls slon, wc do not say It was absolute; bat the men must be cared for, and that in a man ner quite superior to the ante-Crlmean no tions of military wants. The very existence of such commissions is proof that a radical defect exists In the machinery of medical and commissary departments; and li is oar opinion that in the event of another Ameri can war on so grand a scale, the people would demand that the soldier should have such food, such medicine, such prevention policy, and such comforts as the best medi cal authorities should point ont, not tbrongh the beneficence of those who stay at home, bot through the proper bureaus of responsible officials. However, the Sanitary Commission existed 1 as a beautiful fact and did a great work, 1 though frowned upon by men in high places 1 and restricted In Its usefulness from want of authority. If histoiy he such lessons from the record of the past as will warn posterity against the errors that have been, Mr. SUllc will take honorable place among the benefactors of men. His book has a high aim; and the sub ject U better digested and more history-like than any of the var reports which we have seen. His style is plain and easy. He does not torment the general reader wi b long documents oi unlDtcrestlog?vcrboaity t and his statements are official. He gives ns a concise account of the nature of army relief; the de velopment of the theory of a preventive service, the organization of the Commisdon Inspection of camps and hospitals, the reor ganization of the Medical Bureau, the trans port service, supplemental hospital supplies contribiitioni from the Pacific coast; and in the distribution of supplies, the general and battle-field relief, the special relief service the warfare against scurvy in the campaign of Vicksburg; Chattanooga, Fredericksburg Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Morris Isiano the Department of the Gulf, vital statistics! finances and Internal organization. P e “Hut question" awakened the public mind to more crying wants. The "Women’s Central Relief Association," of New York and the "Association of Physicians and Scons" sent Rev. Dr. Bellows and Dr. Van Bnren to Washington topearn, definitely, In what way the voluntary offerings could be made available for the rellaf of the army. Dr. Wood, the Acting Surgeon General, coun tenanced the project, but It was contrary to all the precedents of the Bureau, and the delegation soon found that the Department would not acknowledge the need of any sup. port from the people. Then the preventive scheme was proposed. Dr. Wood recom mended to the War Department the appoint ment of a Commission; but his superior ay log. and the narrow-minded Finley coming into the place of Surgeon Gqperal, the whole proceeding was disapproved. However to no very long lime that functionary was Induced to con sent that general relief might be provided by the peonlc. If the troublesome benevolence were confined to the volunteers. It is humiliating that none of the authorities could appreciate the beat consldtrcd and most widely extended system of mitigating the horrors of war that has ever been known in history. After much. negotiation and de lay, on the Oth of June, 18C1, a list of well known men was appointed " A Committee of liqulry and Advice In respect of the Sanitary Interests of the United States Forces,” The Society was organized, and the appeal to Life Insurance Companies started ihe current of means that steadily flowed into its Treasury for four years of war. The camps were inspected. Most detailed inquiries were made as to the canae of de feat at Bull Ran; and to the Sanitary Com mission we owe it that that boy-fighl is the best reported battle In history. General McClellan was favorable to the aanitary agents, and enforced their suggestions in the excellent discipline of hla gallant Inactivity. The Government was induced to adopt the " Pavilion Hospitals," and the nation began to be proud of a lower rate of hospital mor tallty than had ever before been known In any country. Medical and surgical mono graphs were dlstribnetd throughout the army, proving a great assistance in the ab sence of libraries. Finley was antagonistic; bnt the Commission had grown powerful enough to demand a reorganization of tho Medical Department, and ho was succeeded by Dr, Hammond ; and Mr. Cameron. *lhe Secretary ot War, holding personal dMike to Dr. Hammond, mischief might still have resulted had not Mr. Stanton presently taken the place of the former. Hospital steamers were fitted up on the Ohio, the Tennessee and the Cumberland; and hospital cars were provided fbr the transportation of rick and wouqded soldiers. In November, 1802, the " Women’s Coun cil” met at Washington, and resolved that it was the duty of the women of the country to provide assistance and consolation for the sick and suffering “abundantly, persistently and methodicallyand it was done with a will. More than seven thousand aid socie ties, all women, were organized; and up ward of twelve millions of dollars’ worth of supplies were sent to the sanitary depots for distribution in the army. The single citv of San Francisco contributed a hundred thou sand ; and during Dr. Bellows’s short stay of four months on the Pacific coast over two hundred thousand dollars were spontaneous ly poured into his sanitary coffers. Grldley’s flour sack bronght in sixty thousand. The {unions “Sacramento box of straw hemes was sold lor a gold dollar a berry. Flitcen hundred thousand dollars came from beyond the Rocky Mountains. As to tho merit of California’s open-handed giving we agree with Dr. Bellows. He says: " No such splendid beneficence of a State to \ distant objects, for general purposes under unknown almoners, over whom the State bad no control, and where no visible monument was to remain, was ever yet recorded.” The fairs produced nearly three millions of dollars—more than half of the cash eontribn lions to the Commission. Tho first direct aid In money to the treasury was fifty thous and dollars from the Sanitary Fair of Bos ton. Thirteen hundred thousand dollars re sulted from the fairs ofNcw York and Brook lyu alone; and on the first of Jane, ISG4, there was a cash balauce on hand of more than a million. The total oftupplles from every source were about fifteen millions of dollars* worth. The cash receipts of the central treasury were more than forty-nine hundred thousand dol lars ; and this does not include the funds re ceived by ibe branch societies, which must have been at least two millions, for the Phil adelphia agency has a cash record of a mil lion and a quarter. Each branch had affllia tions of thousands of aid societies and sewing circles, every one of which must have raised considerable sums with which to do its local work. The aggregate of these must have been enormous; but we have no means to get at it. Steamboat, railroad, express and telegraph companies contri buted about tbree-fourtos of the whole cost of transporting the bulky stores to the front, and of forwarding daily and sometimes hourly the despatches of the commission It was estimated la 18d3 that two Western railroads had contributed two hundred riiontand dollars in transportation. ' From these and many other data, we feel perfect ly safe in the estimate that the princely •■uni of twenty-five millions is not enough to -lend for the vast donallou*of the American iH;opJc to her soldiers through the United States Sanitary Commission and Us branches alone. will continue these eloquent tacts ft little farther and indicate somewhat of the nature of sanitary disbursement. In the sprint: ol ISCS when Richmond fell there yet remained in the treasury a qoarter of a mil* lion of dollars, with special relief, pension, bounty, back pay and other costly machine ry in full blast. Some idea of the rapid ex haustion of treasure can be gleaned from the expenditure of the central treasury daring May, Jnut- and July of ISGt, which averaged m> re than two hundred and eighty thousand dollars per month. In nine months the Com mission purchased in Philadelphia a thousand tons of stores for the hospitals and homes of the city ol Washington alone- A hundred tons of canned fiuit and five thousand barrels of pickles were sent to the Army of the Poto mac during the month of June, ISfii. Seven hundred thousand names were recorded in the hospital directories of the Commission In a year and a half. The hospital corps furnished comfortable transportation for a hundred thousand sick and wounded sons of the East, and a hundred and twenty-five thousand of the Wist. A great officer has said that the anti-scorbutics brought in by the Commission's potato and onion circulars saved the army before Vicksburg. Fifteen hundred thousand lodgings were furnished in soldiers'-homes, and Innchcocsand din ners were served to the number of more than four millions five hundred thousand. A single “home” at Nashville ministered during the year IS(H to the wants of two hundred thousand soldiers. Claims were entrusted to the agents of the Commission for collection to the value ol nearly eight millions ol dollars; and two mill ions and a half have already been collected and handed over. Not fir from three-quarters of a million were laid out In supplying the sanitary wants of the army of the Potomac in two months ol 1564. Alter the battles of Gettysburg, seventy-five thousand dollars were expended In caring for twenty-two thousand wounded men; and though the battle-field relief became the most notorious of the work it was not one tenth of the thankless task of prevention which the Commission Imposed upon itself. But we are reluctantly compelled to discon tinue these most beautiful of historic deeds, and consign onr twenty pages of notes glean ed from near a thousand pages of reading, to the oblivion basket. The readers of the TBinrK&wbo wish to know fhrtherof the genet ons gills of the people would do well to consult Mr. Stlllc's excellent work. No man can read this book without thank ing Heaven for the Sanitary Commission; and no man of generous impulse can fa!l to hold In his heart of hearts the lasting mem cry of the indefatigable women who carried the heavy o id of supplies, of the mental and manual toil of the Board of Managers who gave their time and money and comfort, and of the agents who so nobly suffered every privation |on the battle-field that they might succor the wounded man, revive thellvingand console the dying. Nay! mom, we most cherish the names and exam ples of the sanitary martyrs who died In the work; and the future historian and poet must have such heroes asyoang Wilson, who was treacherously shot while bearing the Comraisrion’s flag down the James. &s Stanley whose day and night devotion to the wonnded prostrated hU physical powers and sent him home to die, as the Incessant, earn rtl Hadley who left the professor's chair for the task of battle-field relief and worked himself to the rick bed and a great soul went up to Its reward amidst the blessings of the wounded and the dying, and anch heroines as the cultivated and womanly Mrs. General Barlow, who went about, an angel of mercy, to every field ot suffering, till her sleepless exertions brongbt on a fever, and a pore and noble life was sacrificed—oat of which to make another book ofaalntaaod another and better Iliad. The Clara Bartons and the Florence Nightln ca.,(if SWO5 W 0 naUoD » will shine from the most beautiful passages of the two greatest his to- THE HbBON AlfD OMXAEIO SHIP CAJfAL, Ueport o t the Beard of Trade Com- mlctee. ffashasg? l of *• Bo ” a of D*ab Sib : Tour committee appointed In reß /^’ e t 0 Invitation of the President and Proviaiona l Directors of the Huron and Ontario Ship Canal, beg leave respectfully to report that they proceeded to Toronto, ar riving In that city on the evenlngof the 18th, and that they were most cordially received by the President and Directors of the Canal Company, and by a large number ol the lead tog citizens of Toronto. Most of the next day was spent In examining a largo number of maps and profiles in the office of the com pany, and the committee were especially in terested in a topographical model of the country through which the canal is to pass. From these and other sources of infor mation they are entirely satisfied of the feasibility of the work. True it will cost a large amount of money, but the vast and rapidly Increasing commerce of the West will warrant whatever ontlsy of capi tal it may require. The location of the canal and the lakes with reference to the pre vailing winds of summer making It abont certain that vessels could make as many trips to Oswcco and Kingston as to Buffalo, and with precisely the same cost, with the exception of the tolls on the canal; avoiding the lose by damage to grain In the .summed months from the warm water of the Ene Canal, believed by the committee to be five per cent of its valne; the shortening of the distance between Lakes Michigan, Huron and Soperior and the Atlantic seaboard by some three hundred miles, thus avoiding also the difficult navigation on St. Clair River a nd Lake with Its flats and bars, the trip over Lake Erie >nd the Welland Canal: fact that the shipments of the products of the country tributary to Lake Michigan , have not materially in creased lor the last five or six years, all fur nish conclusive evidence, as It seems to the committee, that this canal, with the St. Lawrence River,can afford the only adequate avenue for the vast commerce of the West. It is reported that there are now building ipon the lakes some forty vessels of a thou sand tons carrying capacity; hut they will afford very little relief, for the railways and canals cast of Lake Erie have for several years been found taadeqnate.to the wants of the West, as their enormous freight tariffs abundantly prove. The great and immediate necessity for this work and the fact that it would at once pay a fair interest upon Its cost, and in a very few years prove Immense ly productive, has Impressed itself most deeply upon tha convictions of your com mlttce. But the route for this canal, with the lower St. Lawrence and its canals, lies wholly within the territory of our Canadian neigh bors. It may seem impertinent lu us to do more than to assure them that if they will build the canal, or, by the assistance of Eng land, whose hreadstnOk and provisions, if it were finished, would cost her enough less every two or three years to pay for the work, secure its construction, the West will furnish it, at good paying-rates, with all the business it can possibly do. But waiving all consid erations of delicacy, the committee arc pre pared whenever the Canadian people become thoroughly determined to take hold of the work in real earnest, to urge that the entire Northwest give to It all the moral and pecu niary aid they can possibly com mand. It will benefit oar agricultural, mineral, mercantile and manufacturing interests immensely, and we should be ready to support and aid It with an en ergy commensurate with the immense bene fits it would bestow upon the country. Your committee were glad to observe that there is among our Canadian neighbors a much better feeling towards this great work ; more unanimity of sentiment and a far bet ter appreciation of the feasibility and the great necessity of this great continental en teiprlsc. The banquet given to your com mittee aud representatives from Oswego, by the President and Provisional Directors of the Canal Company, and his Worship, the Mayor and leading citizens of Toronto, was " Th ' mani fested In the Importance ot the work and the kindly and fraternal sentiments expressed towards our country, were ol the moat cordial and cheering character. In general, your committee received a most klud and courte ous welcome from the many able and distin guished gentlemen whom they met at the banquet, and with whom they mingled so cially while at Toronto. Your committee sincerely hope that the opening of this caaal at an early day will bind Toronto and Chi cago, Canada and the Great Northwest, to gether In the most Intimate social and com mercial relations. Your committee will ever have the most pleasant remembrance of their visit to Toronto. They also beg to acknowl edge the very great courtesy they received from tbe managers and all connected with the Michigan Central and the Canada Great Western Railways. All of which is respect fully submitted. Wm. Bboss, Tno*. L. Parker, L. P. Hilliard, Gbo. 11. Laflin, Committee. Chicago, December «, 1366. Remarks oflAentenant Gove rnorßrooe. ui Illinois, at Use Banquet Given to Use Hoards of Trade of Chicago and Os* wego, by Use Directors of the Boron *• Ontario Ship canal ana the .Tlayor and citizens of Toronto, on Wednes day Krenlng, December 19,1906. Iu response to the toast “Our Guests,” the Chairman of the Chicago Committee re sponded os follows: iln. Cnanotax asd Gzmtm-A little more •ban eleven year, have passed sway since, a* a representative of the Board of Chicago, with IQe late George Steele, one of the truest and ablest men that Scotland ever rare to Canada and i anada passed on to Chicago, 1 ban the honor to “S* 1 ;. 1 "* dt WV «r jonr lea-ling cHrens— ome theta I see hero—representatives also from the counties of btmcoc and York, and peihaps others, and of Oswego on oar side, to cmtindtr the feasibility of a ship canal from toe Georgian Bay to Toronto. That Con vention was held on the ISlh of September, ]SSS.inI as a result of It, a careful snrvey made by Kiras fully. Esq, with Colonel R. a Mason, of Chicago, as consulting engineer, demou-Liiod the • wire practicability ol the work. It Is a great enterprise, .equliing a large outlay ot capital, ai d no out ever anew mankind to grapple at once nils to gigantic an undeitakiu*. llntc uinst be allowed to think abont U; the country must grow and expand, and feel deeply the necas •*lty oi It before it can be seriously undertaken, incited, it Is too often true that the parties most duectly interested in Its cons ruction mu«i lose perhaps several times the cost ofltfrom the sneer 1 -ck or the faciliti*, it would a3ord to commerce, bifcrv they ret themselves vigorously at wo-k to complete it. Does not tbe want of this canal now make this true of the Stales "*«t of Lake Michigan, of Canada, and England, each and all of them deeply ana mutual ly inlcte* led in the completion of this "■y for the commerce of the continent—the West that she might tare greatly enlarged ana cheaper means of transit tor her vast agricultural products to the ocean; Canada, that she might reap the neat advantages that would accrue to bar from being made the medium of that commerce, and spedai’v England, test she might always have an eUiam-uesß supply of cheap food tor bersurplua millions of people* There can scarcely be a doubt that If the benefits sure to be derived from toe CMODlCllon Of this canal coold b« jcutiy etcea.od upon the three great parlies in Interest, ten per cent ol its value to them every three years would build and pay for the work. Such a statement is, of course, valueless unless abundant Cxzia and figures can be produced to sustain It I regret to beobligod to add, la this connection, that the entire failure of my usual good health during nearly all of tbe last week has prevented m*fiom mamne that preparation In tin-, regard which 1 had Loped to make. 1 beg, however, to call your attention to the few facts which I am able to give you. u'iut, ac„ or Tin: cocstbt. f oil first, 1 bee to turn yoor attention for a a> cent to Use extent ted .resources of the country west of Lake Silchlzxn, and u>l of the Rocky Mcnntalna, ana within :be Untied state* whose t»amcwonld be direct! f tributary to tbU rana], W|.b oar railways to tbe sooth west brineuetiade from aa far down as Kaatas, thvre is territory enough wlibin Ibeboimdarlownder consideration to form fonrttcnSaie* a* l-.nre aa Ohio, and bo understands little of tbclr soli and climate *bo docs not know that la tbe so distant fumre, they will oo as average be vastly more populous tact mote productive. Some of Ibis ten Lory, as lUlaols. lowa, Wisconsin and Minnesota are cow States developing most rapici/la all the elements of wealth and substantial greatness, and others will very soon emerge from tucir territorial con* diuon and require another star to be placed jbr them open tbe flag of the Republic. Bat since our convention was held here eleven years ago, the «bole vast sweep of the Bocky Mountains meg within the United States has been proved to De immensely rich in tbe precious mstals. Colorado has ponied Into the Up uf the nation more than thirty millions of gold, ana Montana gave an account at tbe ttovwnmcnt revenue ofice fora yield In ISIS alone of sixteen millions of dollars. While the mete Seduction of bnlUon to any extent tu tot Rocky contains would of Itself lurrdsh no business to ibe canal, iho commerce of the people residing la tbeae lich mineral districts would be cf m.ch value to It, as it wunld be the most direct ani tbe cheapest rente by which they could obtain tbe ptooncts of European Industry and skill. I ean only ask yon to recur to tbe vast copper and Iron deposits of tbe lake Superior districts, batata Canada and on oar side, a large proportion of whose commeice would seek tbe ocean by this canaL \ nxrLWAT xxtessiosb. The extensions of oar rrtlnty* during the list eleven years, In spile of tbe financial crash of ISS7-S red fear yean of deaolitlag war. famish an important lilasira'lon ol the progress of the Northwest Then oar people wire re* ‘.oloinc in the tact that oar lines bad tt length reacted tbe Mississippi at Alton, Bordngtoa, Bock Island, Falton and Oabsqae. Thte we bad only about two tbooaand miles of rallwarfa 1111- ooia, and running north and west from Chica-o. Since then we bare added at least two tioosand seven hundred and ten miles to those thm la ope* raiios. Now with steamboat navigation >a Green Bar, tbe Northwestern and Peninsular routs con* nect Chicago dUectlywith Marquette on UVc So* i>erior, some four hundred m.les from Cbicago. With only a break o' forty rules be ween Lat'roese and Winona, soon to be csapleted, our tailwm s connect us directly with St • loud. In Minnesota, on tbe Mississippi, at Sank Hapids, eU hundred and forty mtlea northwest of Chicago. Next wee« tis Utile gap of twenty mile* connecting, tbe air line of tre Northwestern road with coandl BlaiT* v|,l be finished, when Chicago wUlht.ca> dUccl railroad to tbs south fork of tbe Piute, M 3 miles west of the city, ted the Dlrectoryof U» Lalon Pacific Railway promise to hare their rvae three hundred miles further west, reaching Mountains at Denrcrbr the fourth of Ally nest To the southwest the Burlington.* yrlaej. Hi Dancibal * St Joseph, and tbe eonnert ng tines reach Fort RUcy, or some point beyond it. some six hundred and fifty miles fro® oar ~~ i these great extensions of our » ll Va s *J.,T-P** U , hare been made In apite of war and dameial ■ JI«- astets during the last eleven years, and now. with peace to ble*« the Und. ihers caajb? 1 little doubt lb« tbe culc b® completed within the next Are year*, and there will be each a denlopment of the Teat fertile country west of I-aLe Michlean. la weilih.popnliiJoc and power, aa will confound the evtl foreh.MlniCT of all chronic croakers, and more than erer wonlah the drlllaed world. wkxiccux sTATunca, ae. In discussing the commerce of the lakes I am forty that trprescntatlres from the Chamber of Commerce o! Milwaukee, equally Interested with Cblcaro in the construction ol lhls M ao » Srcacßt. I presume Hts by some accident or mla* l £« that they arc not here. I hts '.eire to «oC “■ u,e . foßowlojt table, kindly furnished me by Colonel Beattie, the able Secretary of the Chf c»xo Board of Trade, showing the arerage ship- HS* ****** >e*dlnc prodnets from the port of Chleayo for the last Are years, hestorlna the flour to Its equivalent in wheal it will be seen that (heareraye yearly cereal shipments for the last Arc yetr* amount to 50.58.10 U bushels. -“a • 81 &E - —‘«?o*2kS—' ** a ?? r> e‘ 8 rs?ns STiTpSS:?f S i | ■ b-: : 3: ; 5 a.: : : 3 6§izgiigsi|g|||aggß S § ,8 3 sng _ E M||||Bpi|¥sMs;i=l = i I s I a i=3i;i=Sßiig§ili|§§ ' * p _ 3 A' 0 s “P* 0 Se-l ipSiigSiiislSslisat SI , * f Sa'SSflgS“S£*! a d^ , SS , sJ’ audit shows ttat in this resard meHmltVfnrol docUon was then reached simply for the want of sod cheaper means of transit lo canal and enlarge the lower feu J-awrence canals so as to pass vessels o's ihSSw# b t a £s n * “ d ,n fIT « ye*” tom* the time It Is completed that portion of thstecmloc tfi?tn.ffi?? Ur ??ii >0 Cb,ct ff° "Ulas easily famish the hungry millions of oar race with % surplus of a hundred millions of bushels of cereals, as she now does half that amonnu Dunne the last year 1 saw as beautiful com as ever crew out of the earth need for inrt within a hundred miles of Chi cago, simply because It was cheaper th«n wood or coal, and for the reason that the channels of commerce to the seaboard were choked no with the products of the West. But this averse* shipment of fifty millions and a half of bushels of grain lor the last hve years, shows most distinctly Uit rapid growth of the West, the total ehlo roents of cereals of all kinds from the port of Cblcaco. for the year 1855. were bushels, snowing (bat in spile of the enormous freights to the seaboard, and the chokinc up of our lines of commerce, the financial disasters of 1817-3, and a four years* mar, Cbleaao has increased hership menta more than three hundred per cent intbo last eleven years. Ibelrcrease In her general busi ness, In her mauufselnres, in her shlnmmis of beer, pork, provisions and live slock, the amount of her lumber trade, «tc. has been equally great imd amazing. In June, 18C1 aconvenuon ef dele ft™. fiT m tae Easternaccrt-e-Mern Slates was hdi in Chicago, which resulted in t memorial to Con gress, signed by leading gentlemen from fon-teen body to make appropriation i lo enlarge the Illinois and Michigan and the Erie S. ao . lp 4** 1 mern °rial the committee state 1 .. “5 e commercial fiict of to-day fell and ( ,h * l w * b “ Te outgrown our canals. 19 to ° for taem. The problem is, shall production stop its increase, or shall our canals be enlarged? The necessity of this cn “*nife«ted by the enormous ptoils oi the great raimays and the extravagant rates of transjmriallon. showing that the quantity to he f?iu kd «£ft v f ,d B 80 IIS? 1 Ihat carriers command tbclr own terms. The warehouses and the mammoth . elevators of the lake towns ‘ or . *he last two years have been crushed with freight; everything which could be made to float on t**e lakes and canals has hern lazed to the utmost, and proved insufficient to cany to maikctlhe products of the West They eon f S *?S!S d ,. " h,, « tae West was In t l *lSSTfkenqmDerof tons transported t °* B H sal ° on Erla Canal wa559.3-W. In ISbl the number reached The popu lallon of these btalcs and lowa, Kansas. Mtnne -°. t rr! r. 3f 0n , r iv, a f 1(i Nebraska, was In 18M. a.WBJ|o9. The value of pioductshos than 100 per centln the last fonr years. In lSWiiwa*lnroind numbers fS3,O)O,(jCO, and in 15C2 3111,000.000. Onr foreign exports are made np largely ot bread stubs son provision*, in four years they have in creasy Ihia SCKSOS.nt in 1*39 to 1122,050,018 m Increasing in two years 190 per coat, and In M'wß.'Jru? i 220 er , ccnL . The amonnl of la " clai!lv ' : of fii.100,013 which making the aggregate The Increase of the country west of Lake Mich- Igau during the last four years lo wealth and pop uiation, has unquestionably b;ea fully equal to |hc htales, in relation to which .be comparisons In itesc paragraphs arc made. Perhaps I onght to 0 5 cc P t .* n c ‘l u tacrcase In our exports for the absolute want ot the means to make them. 1 mention, also, not to puff, as our local editors would say, the aiy in which I lltt, but blraply to call jour attention to Its growth as an Index lo the grpwjh of the t.nltory that would be trilmtary to this canal, that In Chicago bad 51,500 inhsbl tanls and she has now at least 2i\ooU. Ineuwe bad just completed our water works, taking our supply Irom the sboic; within the last moufli we P* v ® , nnUbed a tunnel two miles under the lake fo gel It from where It ts P?™ wd soft, a work conceded lo be one of the boldest and most aucccsslul achleve ments in engineering ever accomplished in any ™E^*»J Vcar ®?£ wen S ,lj: cd In tunnelling the Jp., I River, so that passengers and vehicles of all Lmda an paae under it, and leave it eves otter entirely open lo ihe commerce or the lakes. Unr streets have been raised and paved, immense depots, grain warehouse* and blo:ks of stores have been built, and uis sale to say that the visi tor of eleven years ago would scarcly know Chica go now. But the giowth and development of the country west of it are conceded to have been much greater than that of the city itself, and It la amort dgnlflcamfact. also, that In all this vast fertile country Ihe limit of production Is about retched, unless greatly cular.ed avenues can bo opened lo carry its products tu the ocean. LOCATION or TH*CASAL,aC. • t -?. d,cd carefully the report ol Messrs, fully and Mbsou, 1 have been thoroughly con vinced that this canal, capable of pasmlg vessel* oiatt'onaaijd tons burden, with a correspondin'*- deepening of the SL Lavrrcnco canals would afford w-. y ri dC(lß4l ,° ««Sfto the commerce of the - Tb* canal would lessen the distance be \P*s* c ?, lc^ S o ,u 611,1,8 on tae western rLores of Michigan si a New York and Llv crpool some three hundred a lies. The entire rU#- taLce between the Georgian Bay and Toronto Is only one honored miles, leas than forty of which would be close canal navrgjtioD. fhcre can scarcely be a doubt that a vessel coald reach To ronto by ttt time U could get to Detroit. *Y i o. lhc - navigation on the St. lake. Including, of course, the Cat*, the Detroit Uhcr. Uke Brfaand the n (llaiid Canal, would be saved. Another thing— f* cm Captain I’arkcr, one of my associates on this commlPec, and one of our largest and most ex- Dcneuced ship-owners, I learn that he lost *SO.Wd ir ißot or gisin shipped from Buffalo by heating frem the warm waters ol the Ene Canal, which he would have saved could be have sblspod the same craiub) this rente through the cool waters of lakes Huron, Suncoe and Ontario. Durin- the semnur months Capuin Parker esUmae" tho * i tte a ? ln fb, PP« d b 7 tae Erie Canal rpm Buralo at live per cent, of its entire valne. hive to six days of transport on (hecanal are saved by sending the gram to Os- JJW. ,bat Is It takes a canal

boat that ume to pass between Buflilo and byraense, the poli.l of lotcwection of ihe Erie with the Oswego Canal. All ttlj lime Ike grain must Coat in the warm waters oi* the Erie Caual and hence the damage by heating. The location ot the Georgian Bay, th-; canal and Lake Quarto with rclen nee to oar prevailing winds, is another very important element in the necessity for, and Ihe success oj the canal. These winds are gener ally northerly or southerly. For Instance, with a southerly wind, a vessel by this rtnlc an soil direct to Oswego or Kingston; while if hound for Bnflalo, she makes the wind dead ahead at Presque Isle, onc-thl:d of the way down on Uke Huron, from which place she must beat abont and headway till tee windcoanges. II is Captain Parker's opinion that with this completed a vessel can make as many trips between Chicago and Oswego or Kingston dm leg tbe season as she can to BaQalo, with the tame cost, with the addition only of tho tolls on tee canal. He thinks another Important tact Is Jh« «c tern m'.rchanls coald ship grain (o New * erk by this route *lx days later »n“i by Buflalo. with the certainty that It would reach Its destina tion bifure tbe close of navigation. CAUSE or THE DELAT. in my judgment this great commerdal necessity of tbe continent would now be very iar on (ovards completion bad ii hot been that Montreal and the lower province have vigorously supported rival and Inferior project, under the mL-uken appre hension tbatif the commerce of the West were to l« pomro Into Lake Ontario, New York would secure the largest share of U. They therefore seek to carry that commerce down the Ottawa, and thus have it reach the bh Lawrence below, where New York can compete for It. Strange that Intelligent men, with the mighty St. i-awrenev, one of the two great arteries fbr the commerce of the con tinent rolling at their feet, should ever allow so award an idea to war? their jndgmentfora single moment. Whatever was needed for local consump tion In New York would undoubtedly reach city Irom Oswego, and perhaps through Lake Champlain; and Sew Ragland would set tier sup* Sites veiy much cheaper than she does now from gdensburg and MuntreaL New England has an immense pecuniary interest la the construction of this canal for tbe same reason that Old England has. via.: to famish cheap food for her huge manufacturing population. But when once on lake Ontario ta vessels of a thousand loos l inden, our entire exporttrade would ceverlcave Ihe magnificent channel which Be who made the Great We st, with its teeming prairies and exhaust less mines has p*«parcd to carry Its vast com merce to the ocean. Tbe opening of this canal will make Toronto one of the largest manufactur ing dUes of the continent: besides the great ad vantage h would be to her mercantile Interests. As toMontreal and Quebec, they would Inevita bly become rivals or New—York, for In these dries assorted cargoes ot goods would be made up lor all the lake ones ~tuch conld nor trade di rectly with Europe. It needs but a proper ap preciation of tbe vast Importance of this work to the permanent progress of the dUcs on Lake On tario and tbe St. Lawrence and ts Canada gen erally, to New England and to Old England, and to the Great West, to secure Us construction ts fast as m-n and money can do it. It has become an absolute necessity to the commerce of tbe con tinent, and therefore that it will be built within the next decade I regard at certain as anythin* can be In tbe no distant future. jXURBEB I3i SEW JERSEY. Fatal Affray Between Colored Ben In Blddleecx County—Coroner’s Inquest and Verdict of Wilful Barter- me Alleged murderer In Custody. ff rom tb« New York Herald, December 2LI On Tuesday las; a colored man named Joseph Rivers had a dispnte with the wife of another colored mao named John Redick on the farm of Mr. Peter Pcrrine, about two and a half miles from EnglUhtown, in Mid dlesex County. During the dispute Redick entered the house, and of course grew warm in defence of his wife. The quarrel waxed hot when the iortunate appearance ol Mr. Per nne checked farther hostilities, Rivera going up stairs; bnt as soon as Mr. Petrine left the house Rivera came down with a loaded gun in bis hand and dared Redick to go out of doora. Tbe wife of the latter prevailed, as far as entreaty could go, on her husband not to provoke tbe contest anew, bnt he with a persistent defiance, which ho consid ered would redeem bU name from the charge of cowardice, took the momentous step from his earthly tenement, and in tbe short space of a mlnnte be grasped both time and eter nity. No sooner had he made his appear ance beyond the threshold loan the ball from Rivers'gun passed through his lungs and heart, and he instantly expired. Rivera in bis fury promised this, and he kept his word too well. Terror stricken and awed by tbe dread consequences of his crime, bo fled to Freehold, about ten miles distant, . where, in the Inward straggle, conscience at last held sway, and tbe rcmonefnl man, hav ing lost all resolution, delivered himself np. to the authorities, told a brief tale, ana added, with a disguise of innocence, the plea of self-defence. A coroner's inquest was held, ami tbe jury, having heard all the details, returned a verdict of wilfol murder against Rivera, who lies In the county jail at New Brunswick, to await trial. Beowx School Boudat Bcosst.—A neat lit tle paper has nails It* appearance fbr the holidays under tbe above caption, edited bv the once fa mous ‘•Tad” lircom and S P Bounds, Jr. It contains a well selected aerire of sqtlbi which Lave the real Uncotalaa smack about luotn. We coxnnind it to our readers. FBESCH WOMEN, Vhit Thej SUrrjr For, and How They Act When married. 1 Paris Cor. Philadelphia Home Weekly.] What wretched wires French women make ! TLcv oro certainly less fitted for mat rimony than any women the sun shines on. Fond of excitement, devoted to pleasure, loving dress, delighting in company, home and its dalles are confinement in Jail and irksome drudgery to them. Tbebestoftbem wear the breeches, haggle—as only women can haggle—about centimes and sous, reduce their husbands to hardship, drive otf his friends, reduce his expenditures, diminish his pleasures, place money over and above every thing their will, their whims, their caprices the law of the house hold, and think they onght to be adored as angels because they keep buttons and shirt from parting company. These are the Jewels of married women in France. Bat even these think lightly of fidelity to marriage vows. In this nation of social life, where society is everything and all else is nothing, nobody thinks of refusing anything which may add to the entertain* ment of the company. As husbands are zeros in the best booses, any complaint they may make of invasion of their rights is com* monly disregarded, or if insisted upon, is answered by suit for divorce. Those “ani mals” have no rights except so far as the union of buttons and shirt is concerned^ There arc no women la the world more agreeable to strangers in a drawing room than French women. Falsehood and truth are things indifferent to them, consequently such a thing as principle never checks their desire to be agreeable. Their natural mall* clonsness and their natural sprlghtllness, whose quickness and sharpness have been Increased by the conttanaTattrlllon of com pany, make their conversation entertaining. Their satisfaction in finding themselves in what they may not unjustly consider their proper sphere, dimples their cheeks with miles, and kindles light in their eyes. Their vanity, which continually goads them to struggle fur applause, stimulates them to ex ert all their powers of pleasing. They con sequently arc the most agreeable drawing* room companions to strangers In the world. It U almost Impossible to avoid falling In love with them. Fancy pursues them be yond the drawing-room, and uses her warm est colors to draw pictures of the happiness of the men who constantly possess snch bright, vivacious, amiable and fascinating creatures. Fancy—that will-o'-the-wisp of Hie—deceives us here as Is her wont, and, were we to follow her glittering, airy flame, would certainly lead us into a most painful morass. The rocket, which lies In the artificer’s laboratory, black, sullen, unattractive in its vulgar pasteboard case, resting on an una dorned. unpolished, rough stick, does not more differ from the fiery bolts which makes mobs stare as it seems to scale the highest heavens, than the French cynosure of the drawinc-roum differs from the wife in her husband’s or her family’s company. The restraints ol domestic life oppress them to on inconceivable degree. The ideal bap; plness ot all of them is to enjoy a motherless widow’s freedom. They have no account to give of their time or their purse, or ot their body. To have no conscience save only to keep unknown deeds reproved by public opinion. Too cold to be licentious, they are never immoral, except to gratify an agreea ble companion; and were Jove to listen to their prayer, men’s desires would be of the same temperature all through life as they are at three score-and-tcn. It Is neither wonderful men and women marry here, nor wonderful they separate. Marriages are contracted solely for money, or for social position, or for both. Women marry for these advantages and to be free. A woman la a ward, an infant, until she marries. She must not be seen at plays, where tbe dialogue is as thinly and sparsely draped os the leading actresses who keep its shnttlc-cock of conversation flying. She must not go on the street or Into public gardens alone. She must not dip her nose into books which are only fit for Ihe shelves of married Coventry. She has the worst scat at the tabic, church, theatre, and in car riage. She must be silent, modest and respectful. All changes when she marries. She was a girl—-she is a woman. She may go where she pleases, when she pleases, as she pleases. The slave is tyrant- in turn; the husband (so free while unmarried) wears the dis carded manacles ; the ball and chain ore for his ankle. She reads what she pleases, hears any play, sees any sight. Her father may have bad no matter what title, she was nobody. Her husband’s title becomes femi mne, and is her property as much as it is his. The opera box, the carriage, the town and the country house arc hers. She en gages and dismisses the servants. The table is laid to suit her taste. SUe has all the kc\s. Therefore, woman, marry. If matrimony does not suit them, despite husband, father and mother, ►ho sues a di vorep. Her husband is obliged to give her an Income In keeping with herrank in soci ety. She is free as air. Surratt and Sl« 31 arte. The Montreal 2linervf publishes a long statement respecting Surratt and Stc Marie, which evidently has heed prepared by some one who was intimately acquainted with the two men, and with the mode In which Sur- ratt was received, concealed, and at last sent out ol the country. Wc copy those parts of It which relate to the persons themselves : The name of Surratt’s denouncer in Rome is Henry Benjamin Sle Marie, not Ludger. as we stated yesterday. We must adH that he was nut discharged from tbe Banque da Poo pie; but, on the contrary, left It of his own Pee will having given complete satisfaction to the Chief of tbe office. A few daysafterhe had left the Education office, he sent back a portion oflbe money which ho had carried «wav, and his relations have paid the balance. Stc Maria belongs to an excellent family, who no doubt deeply regret the echo which his name'has jcccived from these late incidents* but whose honor cannot be affected by the aberrations, no matter what, of one of its members. Ste Maria went to the United Mates. He had some acquaintances at Bal timore, and he obtained letters of recom mendation for Washington. It was there tun the knew Surratt. The latter Indeed ob tained for him the place ofschoolmaater In a village named Texas In Maryland, and it Is under the title of schoolmaster that ho is spoken of In tbe despatch of General King. He afterward took service o a board of the Mate of Georgia, and then In the-army of tbe North. At the conclusion of a murderons engagement, he was left for dead on the field of battle, and in endeavoring to es cape he fell Into the hands of the Confeder ate troops, who sent him on to Richmond. There he furnished Mr. Scddon some valu able information as to the conduct of several individuals who did not hesitate, under au exterior of zeal and patriotism, to deceive and rob the Government. This conduct of Stc Marie conciliated for him the favor of the Government at Richmond, which pro cured for him the means of going on to Nas sau and thence to Liverpool. After some time spent in France and Belgium, he re turned to Canada. In the coarse of last summer he took passage for Marseilles from Montreal on board of a French merchant vessel; he lived some time at Marseilles, then at Aiaccio In Corsica, and afterward proceeded to Rome, where be took service In the Papal troops. . As to Surratt, this Is what we learn of his itinerary since the 14th of April. Before that date he had made several voyages from Washington to Canada os the bearer of despatches addressed to the agent of the Confederate Government at Montreal. At tbe end of Lent he was in Canada, and on Palm Sunday be was at mass In tbe parish church at Montreal. He wrote to bis mother an account of that ccremoncy, which Mg been published In several of the American papers. On Thursday. April 28th, beset out for Washington ; in the evening he was at Elmira, in the State of New York, where ho passed the night. Hla name mav be seen on the register of the hotel. On Saturday morning the newspapers mad; him acquaint ed wUhtbcftssussination of Lincoln. Seeing bis name on the list of persons accused of the crime he resolved to fly, and took the road back to Canada. The cars were detain ed at St. Albans, where be bad to mss tbe doy on Sunday. At tbe station be lost his pocket-handkerchief, on which was his name, which did not contribute to quiet his appre hensions. He reached Montreal on Monday evening. His friends counseled him to pro ceed to Europe, which he did by one of the first steamers which left from Quebec. He remained some time at Birkenhead, near Liverpool, where, in the autumn, he met Mr. Cameron, the celebrated bcarerof despatches, intending to prove that Young and bis companions were regularly commissioned by tbe Confederate Government. Such arc the accounts communicated -to ns by a person In whom we have fall confidence. Mr. Potter, therefore, mast have been mis taken In the identity of Surratt, since be an nounced that he bad left for England only in tbe month of September. It was Cameron who lelt Canada for Liverpool at that time, and (as Mr. Potter says of Surratt) had passed the summer with a priest—not of the district of Three Rivera, however, bnt of the district of -Quebec —where be is now since hlo return from Europe three or four weeks ago. There Is a long history of a confession ..made by Surratt daring the voyage to a per son unknown to him. and for tbe simple pleasure of talking. If we are to believe the informer, he even avowed that Jefferson Davis and Mme. Surratt made part In the plot which had for its object the assassina tion of Lincoln. Persons who knew Surratt well at the time of his passing through Montreal and who talked with him at length respecting tbe incidents of the conspiracy, hare always beard him repeat tbe same version of which tbe subject bad been transmitted to ns. There was really a conspiracy at Wash ington, bnt It was Intended to carry of Mr. Lincoln, not to kill him. They wished to carry him off to Richmond In order to ex change him against all tbe prisoners made by the North. Booth and Snrratt made part of this conspiracy. Booth was looked upon with favor at Washingtofi; and his relations were those of a perfect gentleman, which explains his 'connections with Snrratt, who himself belongs to a family in an excel lent position. It was while Snrratt was at Montreal that the project was modified. Booth had discovered the impossibility of carrying off Lincoln, and hut offered to as sassinate him. Sturatt knew nothing of this evil resolution before he saw from tbe had succeeded only too well, "ft Hr. Johnson and Jeffbrfion iSavls, Snr ran did not cease to protest their complete ignorance of the crime of Booth. Their names had never been mentioned by the conspirators. As to his mother, whose Innocence Is bow acknowledged by aU z ?|® passion the details ?/ker trial, Snrratt did not cease to declare i?ifw b *». k ? ewn si tlj ] ne J of th ® conspiracy in **** adjudged her to have partici pated, no more than of the crime which she was made to expiate on the scaflbld. Surratt ■has on several occasions made Drool of too much Intelligence, nbUltjiTni fftS lion to mike It possible that we sbooW be lieje in Ibis pretended confessionortnennilt of his mother, which is mentioned la tbe offi cial dispatches. It was In Liverpool that Snrratt took the name of Watson, which was ca the false passport procured fer him by a friend. His real name is Jobn Harrison Snrratt. Some times be mentioned himself only by his two surnames, and several of his letters, even be fore his flight, were signed John Harrison. It was not until August that be enlisted In the Pontifical Zonavea. A letter from him dated at the end of July, shows that he had not thro Joinedl that service. nis flight was much favored by the absence of exact ac count* of bis person. The portraits com municated to the police were the reverse of likenesses. This led to some singular mis takes on the part of some too zcslon* agents and of some informers less able than de voted. As to Surratt, all who have known him agree In saying that he was an enthusiast such as men are at twenty, and exalte asone becomes in the midst of a fierce - civil war ; bat that he was endowed with 100 much in telligence, not to be aware that the death of Mr. Lincoln would be more injurious than useful to the Sontb. and too much a man of honor to ever dabble In an assassination. He will shortly be in Washington, and. all may expect an interesting trial. Let us hope that now, when passions have had time to grow calm, and law agtln has force, that justice alone will tnnmph, not only for the accnsed, but lortbose who expect from this process their acquittal and liberation. TITE PAEIS EXHIBITION. Ball Flcbti-A Sled leal Congren— What Vial ton Will Daveto Kndure. (From the New York EvcnlrgPost, December Sl.] Among Atber novel sights Intended to smnse the crowds which will flock to Paris daring the Exhibition, sis ba.l fights are spoken of as likely to take place, the Em peror having granted a license to Don Man uel Pimouer Ralz & Company, who have al eadv begun preparations on a grand scale or the doe representation of this brutal pas time. It is also proposed to open an Internation al Medical Congress daring the Exhibition. The Congress is to be opened on tbs 10th of August, to list two weeks, and to be com posed oftwo classes of members—foundation members, or French physicians, who are to* pay a subscription of twenty fhmes; and of adherent members, or foreign physicians, who are not required to make anv pecuniary contribution. M. Bonlllaud is the president oflhe committee. The proceedings of the Congress are to consist of papers and discus sions on the following subjects: 1. Pathological anatomy and physiology of ta ikercie; tuberculization m different countries, and Its influence on general mortality, a. The general accidents which occasion death after surgical ooe rauons. 8. Is It possible to propose to The duier ent Governments any efficacious measures tore strain (ho propagation of venereal diseases? 4. The influence of the alimentation used m different coMtnea upon the production of certain diseases of climates, races, and dlSareat conditions of life upon ‘menstruation in different countries, c. the acclimation of European races • The eutozoa and enlophytes which may bt developed m man. ** An interesting American contribution is to be sent by the Board of Commissioucrs for Foreign Missions, consisting ot abont one thousand publications issued trom the mis sion presses, printed In the modem Greek, Ortcco-Turkisn, ■ Bulgarian, modern ana ancient Armenian, Armeno-Tnrklsh, Anne no-Ktordlsb, ancient and modern Syriac, Hebrsw-Spanish, Arabic, Persian, Malay- Arable, Siamese, Bugess Chinese Coart Dialect, Canton Chinese, Marathi Hin dustani, Tamil, Mpongwe, Dikelc, Bake le, Znlu-Kaflr, Choctaw, Cherokee, Ojlbway. Seneca, Dakota, OsafiC, Creek, Hawaiian, Gilbert Island and Ponapo languages. The board have decided not to exhibit their col lection ofidols, native productions, manufac tures, &<*,, though strongly requested to do so by the Emperor. A few specimens from the fcandwlch Islands will be sent, but noth ing else. Full geographical and statistical information of the missions wiliaccotnuaav the articles for exhibition. The London Time* draws a clever picture of some of the annoyances likely to be expe a£1 ec * hy visitors to Paris next summer; sirive at Parte exhausted, sleepy, hon err and helpless, some time bet-veen hvlf-nastslx t s,cht*.5 ,cht *.k By ipqnlrlnffi ard by following their leader, they flan them-elves in a dreary watUng.room, without seals, with little Ifaoy fire orlight, In a very mixed cro.rd. and them*elvc* heavily encumbered with carnet bags, clothes, nmb»cU*s, etc. ’Jliey soon perceive a crowd of m. n collecting at the door which they are told Is teal or the room where their luggage Is lobe examined. However, the majority loot patient auo content to wait, rhey have to wait, ana the? S-,’ff i V ft £ eyftre £ er y ,uck * ,fley hare only to wait halfan hour. Bnt then they only find them selves If, li.deeil, thev are so fortunate, opposite tl-eir luggage, and they have to wall till an racial selects one piece as an example,orden* It to be opened. Hits npaiew things, takes a kindly glance at the contents and at their owners, and chalks bis passport on all the luggage. When the ceremony Is over, the boxes locked and re-corded Umccvsaiy.thc family,the wraps,and thenm brcl.a* all collected, a porter eigieei, a cab duly chartered. it is often nearly an boor after the arri val of the train, how, it matters not what the tunc of the vesr.w bat the bonr, or what toe weath er, the loss of that hour, or rather the miseries ot an hour so spent, are a very great nuisance to the traveller. lie bad counted on the hour; be had reckoned on It for his dinner, or hb walk on the SSS™ e 'htohoSL' , “ l> » f “ ibei worst case to an nntravellcd apprehen sion—lhongh we know not which ready is ihe afamU f Arriving by tidal ■taut at midnight. They run into the station at half-past eleven, and get out of It into the street hour after midnight, when It Is quite pos «ble that not * porter or a cab is to be seen. Perhaps the night te bright and cold, perhaps it ;s raining, as it can rain at Parte. As all are Talr •y worn out and one or two really 111, nothing la to be done bur to get nnder cover. The only chance Is to drive to one or the monster hotels and submit to take a suite of rooms—* the only i r ?°Xv dll^ira^:- wilh ? nt the price’-' ■» £« Se h rt. n^ SSooS.'^rth'. 0 vS USV,- resolve that It was worth the money, but are eventually compelled to shorten their star when £S d . lhe . »te they are living, or rather lodging, at. Perhaps time fo with Ueta i more precious than money, ana nothing can re deem the loss ol an evening. ° ** The w hole of this detention is unnecessary, wo Ulieve; mud most of It Is merely vexatious. Ihacticalir, there i* nothing tbaf an English tamily, an LLgUsh gentleman, or an English lidv cm srongglo into Parte with the least advantage vitnlu the comp.vs of ordinary luggage. The ex amination, therefore, Is a perfectly Idle perfor manc . So far as regards the airangcmsnl and the distribution of the luggage, it i? , possible that the case or some hundred passe'gers. most of them for eigners, arriving by one tram, with on unusual quantity, may entail mure method, greater cau tion, and a siower process thin we are accustomed to here. But Uus la only a material and, thcrelore. a mechanical question. .The passenger luggage of j-Ts r ?? a . W jV evercao k® extracted, arranged «£?.^ ,nIC v Uia .‘ of hoar at the ut most, if there be only sufficient space and a saffi ment staff of men. As the French system te more methodical than ours, and certainly safer, we are bound to speak of It w.tb respect. We are hound, alto, to admit that travellers might do a good d*al more to mitigate >be difficulty and expedite the work thrown on the tallway officials. If people choose to travel wiih several pieces of iue~a*re instead of managing with one, and If they wSI alautrsiston having trunks, portmanteau*. bat hexes and carpet hags as like their neighbors* as j.o«sible, just tor fashion's sake, they must pay ft r It In delay. “ Nothing w-md be easier than for every trav- Oder Lave distinctive marks, so as to be able to ‘cr and point out Lla luggage iu the must cou lured mass. The boldest lulnals hardly strike the eyv enough. Broad bauds of red, whin and gtcei>, would do better. But If it bo admitted that acme of the nuisance la removable by the psssea ms lliemt elves, and tbai a large part of it arises frkin a more cautions way of dealing with luggage than we require or should tolerate at pome, the Lnrioms examination la the worst part of theaf « * l ’! c i as ? 80 ““dies# in fact, whatever may be alleged forll on prtnrlple. Tie Emperor, who has achieved onr deliverance from pas-ports has n«w the opportunity of adding to I hat great boon the exemption ot ordinary travellm from the customs* examination. The Exhibition furnl-hes sn opportunity, if it docs not even create a necos- A SUSPECTED PfiUOV. IZcls Found la * Cathedral Spire. [From Ibe LonlavilJe Coniier, December 21. | Od AVednesdoj cvenlcc a small boy went to the office of City Marshal Pat. Dillon, end luformed him that a robber was then hidden In the Cathedral, up in the spire. The Marshal at once went around to the buildlnir Indicated, and under his guidance ascended the dusty flight of steps far up Into the spire, under the clock, where the boy had seen the man that day as he (the boy) was np in the steeple to try and catch some pigeons. As soon as they got up there the man made an attempt to escape, and hid, but ufier a search thev found him, and the ",V*hal brought him down and put him In jail. His name was Samncl Reardon. He had been, so he stated, living in the steeple for seven weeks past, and bad a bed there, and* provisions, water. &c., sufficient to last him several weeks. He bad managed to steal the keys ol the Cathedral when thev were paint ing it some months since, and bad managed to escape observation by going out and com ing In during the night, when be no doubt prowled around for plunder. Deport or the Payma«tor»Gtncr«l. [From the N«.w York Evening Poet, December 21.] This document has Just been given to the press. The disbursements daring the year endimr June, 11*36, amounted to $359,374.. 317. The principal item has been the final payingoff oTtwohundred and twentython sand discharged Tolnnteer*. The whole num ber paid off since the cessation of hostilities was one million and twenty thousand. The ordinalybi monthy payments to the troops in service have amounted to *30,250,000. in back and extra pay, and In bounties the de partment has disbursed $7,662,736. There has been payed out on Treasury cer tificates, for arrears to the heirs of dead sol diers, «fcc., $16,189,247. Up to the date of the report, October 30th, no payment of the extra bounty, voted by Congress in last July, had been made. The Paymaster-General says the master and nay rolls, are “already much worn and defaced, would be reduced to illegible shreds before a tithe of the cases arising tinder this law could be disposed of if taken up separately.** It is therefore proposed to classify the claims filed, by the regiments and battalions. This plan, though imposing debar at the out set, will prove fn the end the quietest and best. The payment, however, will not begin till the six months* limitation b-*« passed. The number of additional paymasters has been reduced since the last report, from two hundred and ten to fifty -eight. The clerical force of the office now consists of cue ban dred and fifty.five clerks of various classes, which is the maximum war complement. The report concludes with the very ex. cnsable self-grata ation that while the de partment has disbursed since Julv, IS6I $183,000,000 in minute sums, “ the total cost to the Government in expenses and leases of every character cannot fn the worst possible event exceed three-fourths of one per rent; and in this estimate I include the Urge loss of paymasters* deposits by the fraudulent bankruptcy ofa national bank in Washing ton.” The Locomotive Baee-A .Narrow Eh cape. (From tba Paterson (N. J.) Guardian, Dec, IJ.I It has been long been a practice of the two trains running—^the one rrom Long Lock and the other from Hoboken— to race for the tnnnel. The train on. the Morris and Essex Railroad starts a little ahead, and expects to get through before the Erie train; while, on the other hand, the Paterson train having the shortest distance to run, by dashing ahead frequently manages to reach the tun* nel first. To be sure io the baste to get off, as upon the' other afternoon, several him* dred passengers by the boat may be left, and a few women may have their feet crashed; but what of that, so long as “Erie” is ahead? Yesterday, in the race for the tunnel, the afternoon Paterson train had no time to wait for the adjustment of the switch between the ferry and the Junction. The watchman is reported to have gotten the concern half way fixed when the locomotive bounded ofT. The fireman and engineer saved then- lives by iampins, and the old locomotive No. Hi, so long and favorably known, waa_dasbed Into a mass of rains. Providentially the train, in some curious way, kept on the track, the coupling to tho locomotive 'breaking, and ibns the passengers were caved. A great deal of deify occurred to the trains (bom this accident. OUR LAKE MARINE. What Las been Done at the Chi cag(\Sliip Yards i« 1866. Transfers of Vessels ai this Pdi During the Year. SALES OF VESSELS AT OTHEE LAKE TOETS. Disasters and Accidents on the Lakes for 1866. VESSELS PASSED OUT OF COJDIIS- SION. CHICAGO SHIP TABOS. The Mason which has But closed ha* bees ooe of zuoflt to .Mphodden as well as to veseei owners. The reports which bare come to haad from the ta rlons ship yards around the lakes leave no room to doubt this statement; aad the Indications are that the ensnltK winter wIH be very prolific of new vessels. At almost every point orders are In hand which will test the capacity of sbtp yards. Weyivea resume ofwhat has been accomplished at onr various ship yards during the past season: hill*a aßornrta’ snip eien Ddrtne the n onlh of Jane the fine ta* Oriole was Isnnchcd&omthtayanliorl'rlndivllleA Brown, at a ecst of tu.ooo. She measures Kfiy-elch: feet *u lach es kee'. alxty-lonr feet over all, seven ice; 8H Inches depth of bold, and fourteen (bet six inches breadth of beam. On the 9th of July the keel fbr another new tnc was< laid, for Captains Jewett A Chasdier. and aacceufhuy lanschfd on the 9th ot October. She wascbrlst'aefr the “Andrew MlUer.” In be nor of one ot ner builders, oneoi the oldest shlp-bnlldcr* In the WeiL Uerdl mens lon* area* follows: slxty-Sre teet over all, four teen feet six inches breadth of beam, and eisht feet depth of hold. Sbeha* m the towlnr aervlce on this river. Dunns me month ot January the schooner Cuyahosa was partially rebuilt tte coat ot rebuild mr amoonttn* to about *7,600. In Acyost the bvk Oaeonta, whl-h was damsced In a heavy sale on Lace Michigan, was gen erally overhauled. and put Into cotnmu-ion. Aside trom these Just mentioned, a Urstc number of vessels pave been extensively repaired, smoue which we note the follow imt: schooners Wcatctester.Eniellne. nun (thelatter iwcelvedifOWrerwur-). Honest John, Fu? er; barks B. G. Wlwow. Thernmlls; brl* E. TV Cross, acuKow Gladiator. * The total number of vessel* docked, up to present wmiQR. imom tln the aagiecate to 15jSM ton*, and il.c charstes for docklns the Same toot c> some Dnilnc the winter the a hooners Westchmter «nii t y Avery, are to be rebuilt at tnu yard. POOLIITLZ *jn> OLOOTT’B TA*l>. At this yard upwards of one hundred and twentv four vesseiahave b:en docked since jannary isLijyi bel» gin the neighborhood cf 19.0u0 tons, the entree fordocktos aoanung to ft.COi. Howards of *y» can ' baa oecs paid oat durum that time to workmen. ’ In February the propeller Ontonacon. wns ireccr*!- 1y overhaul*!, receiving about *io.uoo rcpalro. Tim m hooper John L. Newbonsc. was partially rebuilt in March. Among these which received general repairs were the propeder Mtuburgb. hart America, bri* Samuel HalA and schooner* Wiluam-Fisto, Daniel Pmnllne, Lively, Invincible, aim MarU Th. mow Ecnth Haven, waa alto rebuilt at this vard. Hxcuarncs* taxo. j The on’y vessel rtbulit at this yard aad put Into com mission, this season, was the schr Star of lue iortu Bou ever a lurce nun,i>er of vessels have bceaove£ haded and extensively repaired. CT . . hillxb, rrxDMiL-xsoy a sects* Ta«o. At this yard the tncsßed Jacket and S. V. K. Wat. V'c,.w»re rebuilt, the latter reettvlng extenaivo rel pairs since her rcbnUd. , JhechrsE. M.Shoyer. C. North, Gertrude. Oconto. Maine. Tempest aad sco«Tcmpe*t were also nartlaliv rebuilt and a Ist ci number received minor renairs * jobs b. ensuroex’s talo. * The hnslneM at this yard during the past season has been cor fined exclusively to the banning cl canal boats. Tte only Isaach was the cmal boat Orion. • bli h left the ways on the 16lh of October. Tbs knsU for two new boats were laid on tbeSOthof the saute niOLih, and will be constructed in the coarse of a few weeks. ' Little or no tornage waa added to onr late marine beyond making np the amount which went ont a? commlsvirn I* thepreredlre year. TRAJSBFERB OF VKShELs IS THIS DISTRICT The f.-110 wine Is an otOclai statement of all the vetsel the*?w?lS« l * Cb 11470 t * ten pl *” ln **“• W«*«ct during jaxtast. C>h. \l If.Vatn kv .1- T- n ■. . . Schr M. UcValn, by w‘. E. Borin A fo ro O. W. Golt A Co., f 7.00,; schr J. o. McCulloch to James n.'bert>, by F. M. Canffeld, *3,000; scar Cnion. two-thlrda lnteirst,to W.PJforter,t>ylffp}ey a Shetwtn* scow Tempest, one-half inh rest, toF. F. Hall?, bv J II Ruroh, ; scar QulcMtep. to Mrs. While, by wl if* Ecan. SACOT; brig Banner, to A. ToiL bv J F rpafford. FAOOO-.tchr Do]phln.on*-halftcter(*L to It k‘ J-cnls. by Robert Ihsrrv A Co„ *Sjo ; schr Golden Hart vesLone-third Inb'resCto Samnrl Moorc.br n. F Eldred. *SJfD; brig Mechanic to W. DsMe's. by 'J. J. Mavnote •fKOs brig Table Hock, to U. Brown. by C. J Uaglll A Co., J3,C00; prop Marv Stewart, to C. Mean, by buffalo and Detroit transit Co_ fitwT iClevelaad, oac-half Interest, to James’ WsUch. by Walsch. I3AOO* schr lsz'.'.* AaD * oae-hau interest, to n. B. Coon, by M w O Brio, ; nrjtiowelT, to IL Eobtrwon A Co» nr J.J .-ji-uldliig, ivhr Tempest, one-half latcrosL o.T. Gunderson A C by D. Ludlngton&Co-fJJJOO* schr W. U. cralg. by Ch a.Br.dley.to J.H.WoodworUn »rhr Harriet Ito**, by Charles Bradley, to J. a. tVo-vi wcrtU: Khr Peoria, two-third.* tntere*L to Thomas Hnitrs & Co, by John Cul'.lton A Co.. I6YO- schr W »yt e. onr-ha f Interest, to Maurice O’Hrlen. by T U WsUiercl. |l,fW; tchr adds, one-third int-rpsL to H. W. Davis, i,y J. U. Rechle. *1.300; acbr GettrndA to ET G. Bound*, by James Pctctkia, *3,0u0. FILRECaKT. Pchr Gertrude,one-third let*re«t, to Thomas Richard •on, by Ell O. Rounds. fi.SU: «ow Cousin Mair.one holt interstr, to E. Carlwon. by T. Rlchartsoa. <IXOO - Cynthia Gordon, to John Granger A Co- by w n WiEj. r, fjWO; schr Calcutta, to Long A McKlliop/br John M. Louth A Co., *9AW; ba’k Champion, one cleniit Interest, to Solon R. Utmiage, by W. T. Mather fJ.tOu*. Khr Utnne.-cta, one-half interest, to Zactarla Icterson, by o. G. CbrGUaoson, IC3A; *chr J-lve Oak, one-half lut'trat, to Dav.d Dob. hark Hunggrlsn. to David Poll by Chas. Mean. S3.CW; »chr Argo t.» FTanrls Walan A Co~ ny Frederick Rable'. (ACTO; tag K. Van Poison one-third interest to Michael M. Hale bv 8. II Pcnaldson. schr Arctic, onc-bilf Interest to W* 11. Robinson A bv Peter Taylor * i o„ SI £bo - taw i- VsoPouon.une-uurd lotemt u» o. UonatombV M C M. Hale, schr 4. E. SutbrrtacdToo^hai^ln u t e »*!°Tl‘ by K. S. Wolcot*. $1 Oco oat“Hi-J Win. w»ni by JounP’ G r aS. (5.»0; sch: Montezuma u Usury Hputead hv JohnN. Fowler A go, *io,fWJ; *chr Joe VdiTi on* third Interest to Geo. W. wtgund br Jacob Eider, ISJXO: schr tea Star, C3«-b*lf |-. tertst to David Doll by Charles Mt-ai*. fijro: tit"-* Wm. H. Wood,onehalf Ittorc»s to N. ?. Rocs n by Goo. W.tnydcr.Sl.CCO brig lllgrtm to Wm.C. Con*- Sftluy * CO. bv DwlgLl I‘imtoa. *7.000; schr ejs.eo to r«Pd. Hntchfcson, by helra of E. Andrrwa A Co!: *UJW; tog t>. IL Grctne, one-half intere*t to Oliver D. Green by uuch MclAonai. |7A(n *chr Magnet to Ole Totvcroen a Co* nv Wm.P.Xnckwaon ACo, M,GOC: schr Po.oa l to L. Stl vernian A Co, by James Jackson A Co, schr Auctrslla to Waiter Cameron, bv Chlticndon L Bar ter, *7XOO; schr Grace Murray, onc-etjhth interest to J.*l:i ti-ey. by J*me. Uarreu, *!,u,; s.-br Unloi to Garrett A Gate, by W. F. porter. ?C300; »chr Lizzie Ihr.optoJameiMe.NsTaaraA C.*,bv John Laurence A Co.,J-CHO; schr t baUecge.one-halfinterestt John Curr.ce, bv Theroaa Summeia, to Antes t'alrfleld. by Charles Brad ey, flt.UO * »ehr Josephine DrcMlcr. one-U-lrd Inlemt to Tlmothv Buikley, by JamtAETnegan. fi.XO. 5 WAcen. Schr WmrlnKtooioJrt*'# W Barker* Co-by Henry J. t\ itb. Jll.fCO; schr Moakjacuni l-» Wm. H- Wlldi ry Ar« Falrfleld; Khr K B. Jlnbbanl ta Tnoma* Kirby & Cc„ by Charlee I*. Dana A Oo„*i;00 K ti r Manon Egan. lo Taj lor. Brown & Thnaia*. be ff. M. Es»9. tlh,CCti; Khr Da via Doll to Joshua Laurence ft to„ I>y * harUa 51arill ft Co.. »T.OCO; aclir Wai rot to Henry B. Ilalatead ft Co- br B. W lindano ft Co, JIJ.C3O; aohr D. »■bail i co-third infere.t to John Hillock ft c*, by Hrbett slcslnlien. *1.530; »chr Erie, to R»bcrt txlht rcf« ft Co,by Wm.Thompao'* ft Co, *3,0(0; vcow Ten* r«-»t. half interest to Itobert Ostwr -e, by A- I horn won. | tclir 5I tmar Light, qnaUer tntorot to Join C. £**•*,£7. J* m -Heatacjw Tempest, bait lQlar«,:to To bt»a Toblasct. br Robert Osbonic.ll.MO; srow Scluc to John Stniib. by Chas. Erickson, *i»; scow Horn u>’at. rnr-ihlt'lj Interest to Daniel MrCoraucfc. br Abraham Hanson. 11.3X1; »chr It R. HnbbanL two third interest to Blcelow ft Co, by Kirby & Forlong. tVCO; «rhr Commencement, rne- blnl to IVterjolm ton, by Juba Ott, |£3o: KhrMcrtdlan. to Ole Halver son. by Henry Pratt, fcOM; schr FnvJjm. to n. J. DooMion ft Co. by Ole Nelson ft Co.; «br H. Greeley, one-eoartcr Interest to Ole Anderson, by AnJr>w son, tftOj scM E. 51. Sboyer. Co Thomason ft Gander- SoaS «!- RMJ; tebr G.TC. Pnrlngton. to b - 51. CxnCeld, t y Wm. F.Oray ft Co, si.'.TO; se-jr Helen Kent, to Levi Silverman, by 51. L Orav ft Co, a."*); schr Zephyr, to Leanrter llead, by J. [L Jones. fOf; Khr Zenhy*. to W. V. Cimpb-11. by Lean-ler Reed; acbr Poona. two-third inter eat to l>r~ ft l-aorence. by William F. Gray ft Co, fUiS; eebru. B. Campbell. one-half to Otto Bcboeman. br Pettr Johrion. atftca: wop Cba«. Mean to Newton Eastman, by N. Mean ft u», fc.ftV); acbr Denmark, te odhlrrt interest to Ole I-acrensoa. by Ke!«oa ft Co fiOCO; Khr Dei mark, cr.e-Mxlh iniereai to Nell Neb Jon. by Kittle Johnirn,fl.Ctt; schr J. Catohpol.- oi<s naif to Jamra Flaca,by executors of Grey ft Toanr kIJMO; acbr Carrie ivooJrcrrc. one-hall Interest to C* S/51ajer. by 51 ra. Baymer. »1J0J: tchr Mootcagie to Wm. D. Talcott, by Cna*. Bradley. tII.CVJ; scar E. Scot.lie to John Hansen A Co, by Gunderson ft C' fIbXTO; rchr Grand Turk, two-third Interest to John Miller ft Co, by Edward Trowbridge, *vn3; acbr An nie Tbortnc, one-Hurd Intcmt to James C. Anderson. by Jamea Johnson *515 * *cf r Gem. two-tblrd* Interest to Johnson * Ca, or Petfler ft Co. (3.000; tag IW Jacket to Arman Scvant ft Co, by Barton Atkin*. *L3O9: acbr L. B. fchepard to Mcholson ft Campbell, by Meteor ft Barker tILSOJ; arar Warren, one-naif (nUrest to i*eter J. Dnsaander, by F. O. turryaoa. fcncu; acbr j Actlv* cme-hairinterest to Kond Rnndtoa. by Jam*a I y. Caspbeli. (J.QU); Sclir Black Hawk to Sarah A. { Harm nr A. P. Lymar. ITJDC; acbr David Dad one. ball Ictere-t to William A. Parker by Joshua ■>. Lrattn<h.tdftCO: srtr Josephine Dnaden. one-ihlrd Interatto Alexander Pattcncn. by Tlmotby Itorkly. fl.ttC; whr Mount Vernon to K. K. Uarrlanile. by Fcia* ft Cc, Sl-SM: *chr Contest to M. Gundonooft Co, by H. C. Wlnaton ft Co, flftSOO; *M»r Covtneace meet, two-tblrd* tntereat, to ft William*, by P. Sic Cnae. fI.TU.; rehr Uve Oak, one-loortb Inter r*t. to £. Thomas, by David Dali. I1AV; scow Mojnt Vernon, Ibree-fotinbs interest, to L. Abtshman by K K. Uarrlanile, fldkV: »cnr Capo Bom. one-halffnter eat. to Atwater ft Baker, by ben Eyalcr, f5.T12; sebr Slacnet, e>fie-toird internal, to E. A. Sloe, by OlaTail tTH],|U?Co; acbrcyptkla Gordon, to John Gnneer, by Saiaoel SfcGoryaLtacnr AblralL interest, to JatncaUanaon. pyL. C. Laraon^ .frehr Speed to CofiJa ft Co, by Jchn bhi. t 3 -*®* J* l * Cberolnuco to W. M. HiveJ by j *«br M*lae. oae-h»!f late nut, to H.Mtcbel«oabT Oieu. Tbompeoc sL»U3;icar Ar maoa. tbmsftrua to F. O. Eairrwn b,- Ole O' Tbompe«D,IASOC; Kbr Warren,ooe.hiif Jaiere*t t>B. “Mtoenoaft Co, by peter J. Uai*n«t«r. *3,130; *chr •- J- toCbarlee l berry, by Join M.'rrUo a, * 1.100; Kbr Cub*, to B. u WL'korpbrll.S. HMsiead.lu.ouo; *cbr Potomac, to Wm. MeCrllca ft Co, by Jamex Hea drick*. JliUO cbxmpios. oie-«lxtb latere*; to W. F. Maibrr, by W. A. Barker; *clr Uoloo to Wm. Wli •no.by c*rt Oul««a, *MO;Kbr Beloit,oae-fjnrtb .n’crcjl toJota G. Wkxwell. py J. p. Fart. JtJM «-^rlUaJet.oce-lhlrdutloxat to Joba MarweTbv J. P. Uart. 2.50; Khr Sweemcas jl u» Keith ft Co hr Henry C. WUator, S1M0CO: to?sta o>*kJ tSt&'lrX it term to Hiram Wheeler. b> *tjoC ;tarß.G.Vbaae.ooe-tahQlavieetto F H smtt^ JTB«o. sl.Wberler.fc3U); Kbr tor* et to 1L Power*, by J. C. Maxwell. *: X.:-nvS -xni?. to A. sL3la*m.by iLS.Cblldsft to Wm. gcartoll by Ol*on eecor, *k3oo; «br Wm! f CB £*.!£ b ,n i es J ,: to F - aivjae by Jatne* KbrGameCrcc. fce-toartb tatcrest toiL MrenonbyJ.P. Welia.fciJa;acbr Florence to par let Bower ft Co. by Ge»tn Pe%rr*on,*tM3:*«hT Dilaola.to S. C.John»oahvJohaliatke ft Co,FUwO- KhrDanmlwKto Wm. Doyle by a. V. R. WatSa. SUJXB; *cbr Cascade, to Cbas. ft Co. by Uh*s. tTwtey ft co; *cbr Tttaa. oue-bati lucre*; to B. C? Kcntwelloy fcarab A. Halae.*: *:".t OanaCea*. one tocrthlater«ttoJ»Ee*H. Glbb« by Vlillam Done. fcSD; Kbr Dick Someta. or.c-elehLh latifesl xr> Kltio* ft Jjetrtn bv John H. MerrOl,fcMo: self Ali<v frair. toJchnllcMjrmhvAlex.ToUftCo,fcS*»; vj» J. B. Cbat»lo. to A. Mcrpby ft Co. by J- U- i’araotu, 13J3C0. Bark WUKaaj niggle. fclM; tcowßowena. A- *i : - V* Pearsca. Avery ft Co CSJdO: *< tr "• Buen,to A. ft Ci A»«7 * ft, WJCO; rropNomao. to Habhia ft Jaha Uaneft tnr A- P- 1 1 1 \]* Bowman ft Co , *LiM; acnooner Madpon, to Joan C. Stone by BobdeJ Br*dfl>fv.', liJCOj achoooer G. D. Donxmaa, to John A- > ei*oo * C 7. by Henry C. win ton ft Co SI4JW; acbtoa'r Ntsh-JU. to Harwell ft TcwerbyJ H.P»2 f toaft tasMoaltcr. tojohn Aewteatny ft Co. by BaUanUne.Lawrence ft 1 *0- sir* CM: arow Soßan. to Best. Ja:k«on ft Co. by ■ <hn £mltn. *u<: torOzankee. to F.B. Gardner b* liar; Betdla ft Cl,I-LS00; Kbonnes lartar. to K. ; jwaoo ft Co. by b. O. WUcox, 17.000: *c.V> iner ttnaca, ore-half Interest, to John Bern by John Powers, *1,330: schooner Ithaca, to John Maxwell ft Co. by £. M. Bench, fcstO; tchoocer Grape Shot, to Thomas O'Conner by J- T. StaJotd. 513J03; JCJX. vnUlaa Barm, one-talf Interest to WTUtam Ity. to John C. Beacerson, by Tboa. Ufod, acbr Monsoon to Join A. RceJ. br Cbas. Mean, m>; schr Vlamct, one-anirtcr laterosi to K. Oison by E. A. Linn, faOO; tebr M. Conrtwrtstt. to FaUiaa Mart by John D*ars A C<>- IdSJOC: sctr PatrickUenrr, to Orson W. Coil by Samnti Ttff. |%WO: scow narrlet A&&.one-qnartcrta>resSto Miles by HesetTe A Co- KW; *cow fcnppjy. to Ceddlek ± Marshall by Upson A Deleter, ji.'O, sctrDolrtic, ooe-h»U Interest to Jsates Farr. .ir„ by l«*lsGrap*os,tl2uO; sctr p. Daydec. toS. A. Grown i CO. by James Lndiozton A schr Cota irencement, onedhlrd Interest to D. Meyer of Frederick Wlluaow. fl JKO : aioop Row ens, cae-baff Intcrwl to Jcaeph Garacaa by John DaTldsoo. k&S: aioop ?candlsavUa,to U*nrr Fisher by John Uastett. ILOOO; bne Samnel Ual*. one-f orth lcwtst.io Pe'*r* and Flood by John Seallleld. |3QO: schr Persia. U Aa< dr»w Bawson by Feter Taylor A Co- JOi.'; bra ilbhlcan. to Da*id Ballantlnc A Co.bj A.E.OwJrl-li. *H.(tO; near Darld Todrt. to Jtaltaa Meara by Pauo S. tknts, *21,750; echr Gam* Cock,oae-foarth Inter est. to J.l*. Will* by hamael Lawsoo,kLSa); schr A. Frederick, to John iL LoacA Co. by J ->»cph R- Jones. achr liisa-ilha. uTT. H. * Co. by Petw .Seisea A Co.. flAWsjrt# Cax esLlo Her EsfterbT O.W.OiIt.SS.OM; hall CaUßst to Dempjjcr br M V. c«ag^“; •ajo: tear WHUrasß-Cralr.«» Andrew McCann cr Charles Braaley, Schr Donee Gmiey ooodni'tcr ‘n**”** SnaKtubyO.'Aadersoo. £CO: “iC. to JLEtin. by John Hearn A io., ytLCC; oris [> •ammrk X.uUfkbnrn. bj Qi e cne-t««inh interest to Aocrew Atd 0^0 * “» Lawacn,*sat Schr Josephine Drnd'o j iTaftelso^ w i. W.Carpeatsr by kow Alb* to Sc»- A to_ by C. M. U.kA schr DminsoTht \ UJe A Co- by Jotn*«j A Cxdt * Co- *a.PX>-. to Cbaa. M. Lndmcs. 5T Ladrreea. tr Emily I PraU. car A Co— SLWd* a»i»few»r— ftubTU l n B- B- y.m M EntriM Harter UoJh^» rizSFn&r* 10 sadB*ra-r t,y • nJ & Aaen l . *c.i’ir'LVSa M. Scoxt, to William Whitby W? Kbr America, to U-bm co£ 0/Heby-iiaK?; •chr Alice M.Beera. to J.t-escorr. hv k n »f*^ r ; ,i5 < tll£Co:*chr l-atlada. to Buckler * 4- b iaJU»it c« ico.. $3-sCoi*lxr Hol»Xela.M*twlitoSrwL u» l j Alattrwt, by j. T. Wolvextaa. cm ■oa, one-ha:fi nine, t, to AlarUaJobS?. U hvi V “ JobMcn. |S,CW; ken.- tenons, toiV* 1 ’ JetMUoyt & Co., raj* o ; ko. Cots& euih Interei!. to Wa. Benr. hr Rrirt .-r l7, <*- S»w Cotwin Alary, one-S*jflnto*„t! to Bcrr,by LetrU Ihompaon. *300• iciir n»i n^t- 1 L.Slrumui,t, n.itmiSmJSlw 1 ■“ K “'-o ocroon. * Schr Harold to Daniel Cony & Co_ br j vj~_. tIUOO } brtg Bty Cltr, two-eighth* interest Jobnioo, by Edward Ingrafiam, iLfcMMtrl-r!? 6 * pJe, uQwbm Garrett, by hTu! Ladd & Co SLI? V*« J. PrtodivUie, otie-third int-rest to J « by Redmond PitodivlUs, Jzl: - /• ,y»»- °te-»ixlh Isternt, to J. A. Crawfimif kv ? William >! .°- Y^?5 M Brtitol T4jIor * Muskegon. to J. 4 iTv,®*? x»’ i: -ear UJXSt ; t acbr .-*ity 4 Co, ler, 1X3.0U0; barV Jr," Jr.,* 0 * jTJoba M. low’ C.’ Siblecff, by CbMw ej W^.?* ir .i : V e7 ' st ' * Hiawatha, to»Peter s P a:a tiajaOU;acbr p/T. 11. dtr. by All J. Bnmma'e. t;tdsTbau^rV*-.^tv‘ s ' S* W . T «, l/uocrt .ml Kit e. by u. £.uS £“1 *». i t Whirlwind, n Ported A Co, bv'S**?* schr Jupiter, to H. Mallorv. br v »;”• °jSon •ear Zephyr, to John c. Uulr. iv m m« ; •ehr D. Kent.W. T. Sllvcimai i;, L 5 a *P t J,e '*.l!u; f-iXCO;schr Barbarian, to iillyer a cJ - r. tl lf rrJa - IU.OOO; propeLer Morning btor.to s it *»•", I’nelpe, I3.UX); schr E. it. Sbojer. to s *'• *• W. A. Thomrwon, <CCO; sc:.r I.igbtlngal • -.C^£s'S ,I ‘* Cbrljty.bTE. now w v^," l lta tvo-thlrds interest to K. Lone, oyj u r - . ,'7 :rif schr Magnet, one-fourth Interest to *r »*■ **-■'o; •on, by E. A. Line. $1,000; aehr interestto 6. W. Jacobson, by 11. j. B JU i^ 0 Hr-necr. to Ole NclhonA <o. by Cnarles ,— r ttJM;achr Magnet,one-half laWrott u» Andrew deraon. by E. A. Une. *2,100;. wtr n-tre. 7.7 Brewer, by C. Bre* er. f3.M ; schr CJui-i* { 0 j si fb 3 - by B. Nicholson, *M»o: sehrltoseDousi-aa. towv? r> A Co, by Botch A Buckley, ♦6.780 -. #"•,> ci?-l.*r*r Geo. Somers, by Charles J. MacUl A Co r* Mary CoMns. to 1L Blackburn, b~ M tchr Melvlna to A. L. iStGeaw sj ;} achrDao Tlndali, to Kov tiiV," 7. Moor© A Brown, *n.OOO; tac '“arnolU. to I'M Co., by MlUer A Co, eAKiO; eebr Came tf o *f'l, J* jviison A hnberta, by Jolla Ray«or.*tNtco ; « h-.a-r- Wo.dlvrd.to Cbat/& Miser, oy Wilaoa i f i-f %7,00 D: »chrC. E. Bal ey. to Janies K. Mer .,i • J. A H. U.Deelerq. ; »t«.r Pal o I“ar«r V t cacoilerr.cn haibplnc Company, be il.-arv -■• n-.'l' Cp.tftmrPhli.. Panor t, to Deurr' Fader *c , at fclmcn sex A Cc.. *18,00.; ichr L. 11. Vjcbuisv, cer A J.oanosr, by E.I. Borland. f.'.Vfl;bare iu-v rtlt.to Wllllau. A. ITK-cA Co,to J»a a —' Khr Ulrotweiac t-.ilrßtfon A Co., hr Piuajit^w' ter, fASfb; Sct-r \ ennent. one-half tntcrai, t • t’tarTi J.l** ; bark Ocean w«ve. u. Sliner by Paul Oean a Co.; echr 1, u. Nsch. b Inttrea:, to John bpeccer. ny B. Swacam.*: joj -Vt; T rare ler, orve-hvltlnUreM. to Reward MarrJvtTi'iv p WUiUm J.-hrsc- tlejnv. trrlcksoi.Hi IT, »chrT»aTeler, otc-haßia»m-u j°“t KrrlckMtul.y Albert Cr *.. sim ; whrTneeVr .-* johMtoa.by Edward Mnrrar. »o£C;*ctr fravrie u.tcro,t.t©ocorc. Siovtr.b* w. Jjha-wmil P»y Stale toSuraus! Moore, by - Liberty to L. a! Cw£ by w J *C?.£S* >J.«=S »SJi< f. F. Gale t.» HaUtcd & by J® P, *11,100; echr Peoria to WUllam T m ■Toune A Co, M.U.D; tchr B-rney Eaton to WiijUmV Ilawstm. by K. lmrn.|L;M; -row Forest toihSs llastlc <t Co, by 8. A Coo’, KA(<J; schr J b to J.peUratn A Co, by Johnson A Co, u ohi .. sortanan. _.«g» J f bn IJnie. to i> lilUm Cornell Dr P wim— }LSoo;»cow bat ah Clow, t: .’chn GUt-cn i)a«d Clow, tT.CfO: schr Cha ltnce. i, Louis ew i a by W. Kuhn, J1A00; bark Great West No ito >*' iT LnologWn i.y W. t'. Brown. {«,000 - scfir ' 1 two-third* Irrtcreat to J. B. Swanson b» s w jl7?; son. fl^W; fichr ilacnet. one-lnerta late-est toJ°p Swanson by B. A. AnCersnn. *9.03C. m wj.k. _ . _ „ . BTCBnrnL ■^} r .P- Gree!«j%cne-foor:h Irtcrcst to W, Join*, , Mammary Wccern f Dnrinc the V cur I>SB. [From the Detroit FosM 1 HervwUh we present onr nsoal annual rcr.irin'— : disasters which have occurred duriLg Vrsi , Jc*t closed. In part gleaned u.m esmaans Lo ’ which have come to band, but bv far tbs ti?ji-r naa . . her col.ectM lor and reported In o;ir own > The record Üby no mesa* complete, a« nan.c- n.i..,* . ccnta have lakes place at remote points a ntch nrt-r ; reached the office ot pnoMradoa. fn ma-v irw aswilibc#cvn,the amount of damage su'-ta'i-dii** . been acted, but to ch'e.t this In every *•-*• wi'tn snim of would be *lmp!v ‘i.-ao*.r . The total cumber of disa-ters for we fla l‘io I. • - -an eiccrs over iSS* of ao exicUy. By me.-ru-t- £ , thr M»t w» find the yeariy record to be as :oT. wi • . Totsl nnmtrcr of dl'aatrra Inl>Ci>. 1 . Total number cfcGaairrsin ISi:i. , Total number of disasters In 15«2.... a ; Total number of disasters In I?-i! « i Total number ef elsaiters in Wi.. -! f Total number or dl-astera m JSCS.... Tctal number of thusiTs in i»Jd., r _ . ' -Uncaet. , Schr L. Kantrr. sunk at o-wego with car-» or -«*• ; ral-ic and repairid betr Ltn Hlgfy, oi ; tbeloygsn; vetscltecovered. 1 ,, S S h n rT X° «S*mng«l by Are at Manltowo* *l,tfo. Stmr May tjmen. destroyed hr fires; Mll-.ra-. • J 1 otal io»a. Schr FJicn Idee, Ityurm by lj-hiL ur ft MB* anker; mainmast lost. Scnr G»s:ae dsms-S* JnhnUatiUcine by breaking from mowings. snJu.* Schr Traveller, dismasted at Ha-lne. h:uk- t- a b t ® chr Frec Maaon. capsized by a treshet at Milwaukee; damaged *L< 00. 3 Proi Truradell. rtaraagetl by Are on Lake Mlchlgja. faw. Schr Lookout, ashore on Bar t*o‘at; gototl with •llebt damage, tuhr Ncsbolo, run Into a bridge at CWeawj d«naged*:fd. brig G. AbelL struck a reckon Laku Huron and broke ber rifdder. Mlae. op Stony Island reef and damaged notion, -.coir Wsketp,aatkln Black Ulvcr: ralse.l and rena‘red Schr Am.ottc Davis,a-hire at Cleveland; cargo (am ber; got oQ. Schr Montana, ashore at Oik Orrh.nl LTcelt: pc l off. Schr MomleeHo, a»hon» at J>vll> hose. Lake Ontario: got off. Schr Traveller, ashore at same point, with like remit, schr Ksiclgh. lost h*r deck load lumber la same gal>>. s.-tir •score rear DeviTa Xom ; got or. Bark Tom Wrong 2JSS^IiJ^h ,PO .k s **s? otr b * <«tmer \laro4.* re n f ? rtjr m,,e * »bove Genesee Klver, got os. Schr Bahama, cargo co*L aabors near same place; cot oi schr aurllgat. adTore near Isliport; got off by steamer Magnet, iliroa oelie. run on a tueken rock at Chic .go and mtk? nu rt. Bark J. P. Mack, cargo laaber. wamr.°>g^£ Lake Krie; reached Cleveland. Schr lUilng Stir l<»tt •stlhpMlccar by collision with smr Alg’rme at Oswego. Schra M.selleaad Nettie Weaver coTu icJ on Uj- Uitfflc; c*ch damaged f l.ifj. Ferrv boat P Adriatic broke .bar rudder in the ice near flh ,C4t “““Mil sad foiceul a-.il. I si'.tr:,SHP t ??° ! damaged, senr Uoyai °n Eago Dutino. Schr Johni doaedT’ “ Aor 1 Cull IsIACI E Lake OaUrlo; ar-o-’ Bark Marqnctte, on Dos U!and; got off hjetiaacr Prop Trader, a-L-.ra at Kelly's Wand; tot f>C t»y steamer Macn*t. Sarin. UU.oll.lell thmm-h at Toledo; released by the Magr.-i. hrop north, broke mdder and went ashore ne«r U»>*lae • cn on. Prep Colotlst, aground In St Clair River; gnt on bt tug Mayflower. behr G. G. Cooper, an Sik Islatd; lLhicrc-1 craln ana K°t«:i. Ba-k Mary Mer ritt, ciwla loaded. sprung» leaa «m Lak i Mlchl-raas towed to Milwaukee and discharged. Schr W. Fhkr spmcsr a leak and damaged cargo ; returned t>Coi capo. Brig Mechanic. K*trao«of her a ll la a gab on lake Michigan. Darlcj.P. March, 10-tboth m. ta a gale oo Lake Michigan, gchr Argy, »:ruekCiit eago pier aadsnuk; got up and rrp.tnsl. KarkJotu Sweency.dansagcQ ln»aUs andouui-unLakeMlchlgac IJchr Petrel. spumes leak un Lakr put mt Allegan, for repair*. Setu David Dalh on chi a= bar; got off and repaired. Scow Loais-gas, aabon* «i Chicago: got off and repaired, s-hr i;e»o!ulo, l»t Bails and ootflt lu A gal« on Late Michigan. 8-nr GsmeCock. damaged;:-tails and hull-n Lik- Mica'- Ej. U.rk CUefur. cargo Umber. a-h-.ir; at >oiin rtor. Lake Erie: col off. .-r Ur America. ashore at Bailey's Harbor; hauly damage‘; no; o;f. IVnv aie.n.er Argo, damage i}loo by prop F-;rr.t Queen In Detroit Liter. Car* Na-leua, on a r-.-fa: p.ilat an IV- Icei got off; damage* slight Bare Xewsbjy. collided wl'h steam-r MlUdran at Buif.ilo: both ituaagod. ?rhr Montezuma, a*hor<-at Devil's Lato r*al«- rlo; got off and repaired. Schr Bay -utc. roilnird with picp i ortamuuUa at fol-co: both (Umsgivi. Bart H. I*. Baldwin and schr. Wl- gi of the Wind, collided on Late Michigan: latter total to* wlthr-ir go; former damaged WD. Brig lUgrltn and «-ar Kcwsy. coiMCtd at Racine; both oatnag-d. Pm? Colliiai, ashore at Rapid Plat. Lake Ontario; got otf »td repain d. Bark lame, ashore at Soon ilanltou; Jettisoned 2jCt' botieb and go; off. BarkWarerlr run teni ot achr.olive lUa'cb, &r. Clair River; jo-t mu ircsi't. Schr. John lios*«. damaged In sails and oat ft on Lake Huron, and lo«: iigi,-. >chr. W. Hunter. collided wJU> tthr Aldeliaran, Detroit Hirer’ both damaged. Bark Carrie, lot; anchor a;d chain si Turtle Gland. Star Geo. Dunlap, broke her stmt la Gr.cn Bay- fcow Mary Ant, cargo larah-r. sank a: T- Icdo; total loss. Schr. 1_ C. Hutu, mehorr at Forest Day. Lake-Huron, and total low-. Tnjt O. B. Green, collided watn brig Fashion at Chi cato;tbm.er damaged. Schr F. hsie- and bars Sob crrlde. rollided at Chicago; damage- j-O. Rark H. K Baldwin, earned away itoietreeaon Lake Michi gan. bcow Louisa and l*ark Clanoa. cclil .eJ at Hot talo; flirmcr bsfily damaged.' Schr H4n.-Ter.l-*! laaln-all. lorrsali aal.gaiT topaall on hake Mlchlcan. Ecnr M. H. Sibley, carried aw.y lor.-soora oy UMi* on Lake Rmon. Schr Itoben Emmet, lost feretojma-t and sustained other damages on Lake Huron. Scar KemikcapsUel off point an Harnnea; vt-t-d re covered. bar* Usry E. Petew. lost torek)pra:ia:t mast InChlcsgo ;toul of an cloatir. Stcr city d Cleveland, broke her wheel and was towrd ism Cleveland. Schr M- F. Mcrlct. lost jlt-Vwia by running Into a bridge at Cn!.-ir>. Prop. Edlib, sgroned on St. C:s'r FlaU; Ugh-mcd and cot oSL Bark Parana and lodlvna collide at Mii wackte: noth damaged, schr Ih , e-’ I'cUj.l-**? y.'j boom In a gale on Lake Michigan. U»rk IdiUv-.s. rnn into bv nrop. MoweiL at Milwaukee; item Schr G«»lte,JoaiJib and fl>mg.jli ta agvic •A-a..? SUc * ,l «»ii-. ITop Son. damacd ln*o Milwaukee and spruhka'eak. sctti s Rib'c.**). * o« tlbooom at montn ot Detroit Rtrer; m Into ter. Bevenne■ cutter A. Johaaon. run into bv w unknown vessel and camicid fhou. Tii)o*i'. lost mainmast la a gale on Lake Michigan. Tn~Ai>». ro.Udes with a vessel at ba-lnaw- ° e vr'wJ lest towsyrtr. Schr PWlena MiOs. car.-r salt, sprerg aleak at Saginaw; sunk; c;t up. Schr Miranda, broke her keel and damaged Ibrrtw; at taglcaw. Prop Lady Franklin, broke her rudderat fcupertofc-ty. btArSeab cargo graiu. ashire at Sable; Jettisoned 3JICD bnahcl* aid got off. 6utv*y ■Uamer Search,afLora at Eim Creee. Like Rurua; got off. Schr E. Kantcr. on Peach DlanJ; lightered l ard pulled off Scßr May, ashore at North Haw. hvlly damaged. Schr Gold Hunter h’o- X a»hote at Fchtmg Island: lightered and got off. Bar* E. C. cn Ra cine reef; cargo JettL*»oed and pulled off. Tug fn»— O urlen. explode- cn Alagara Ikrer; caplin kllltvl; tug total 10-s. sehrE.C. K: £>*«*. carried away maia loom on Lak* Erie. Bark Mary E. Per-w. rarrt-tl away mre-topgailaai-fflast on Lake trie. OrV;N. M- Sundarr.lcsttopsa'Jyard and split turtsali onLvke Are. Schr Helen Kent,ashore atst Joseros; gutoff and repaired. Schr Magnet, ashore near sc Joseph; recovered and repaired. Schr Augeilu-. ashore oe*r .'lilaankee; cargo Icmbcr; total lue-sSaith one Hie. Prop Fvergrevn City broke herwheellnGreen Bay. Mhr Mrsrne lost anchor and chain at Point anPeiee. iTTp Saginaw, on a wreck st Erl* and scmmrwleak. ScOWFljmgClOo<l.far|fU.Kme. Praawo la Detroit River: raised. Bark M. R. Gotle. rodder on Ml wsakee bar; repaired. Schr Jolla Willard, earo cxaJ.cn a wrcca at Erie and &uhk; got np. Stmr Sa rah Van Epps, scak at Cedar Point, Oreea Pay; raised. SehTjowpclcp, cargo lumber, sprung aleak and west ashore at Mllwaoree; tot off. bchr Grand Torr.dl«- abled In steering gear; tost foresail and Jib on Lake Michigan. Schr Idaho, loat malnbonm In a gale on Lake Michigan. _st»ur Gota-n broke her engine 00 LakeMKhlcas. J.».l&tnhy.damaged by Bear Harriet Ro»f. In_ River 8L iTlalr, f2OP. be hr Sophia 9u.Hh.Joft mainboom In« gale on Lake Brie. F<6f Monitor. amvcaatshiwaikeewith cemr*oanl «t*iv. tear Jennie * Ancle, croondea at Cnicseo; 'otott at an expense ot (3Dw. scow Spray. «I»,T»rrrf *2to by btlnj ra-* into on Detroit taver. ccb/ Nor 5™ lea* Jlboocn: and bowiprltby coUtotcn w‘ bf»« Orkney l*j». Pixp City vt BaJal**, broke n cblnery and towed to Detroit ty rag Jooe*. St 2*!anat and Kbr Pauline, collide oc Grand Hart damage to Utter *3OO. Scow Radical, ran into b propeller aid oan-aecd law, <n Lake SL. Clair. P-. GcneMceCtlcs,broke ter soxiton Luteliaroa; tov to Detroit. Scow Foirr»t, broke centreboard ; fpnn* malncan on r Doroo. Stmr. Valley C ‘ *UTitk a rock and sank near Slaiden. Bark Load' anroone cc ivacb talxnd, and lizQtved and nailed Prep Dean fck-hta.nd and bxrt MaJll’oa. coll at Cblcaßo. &cbr Comet, Jiohooa ard be sear earned away while ancbi red at Detn Bars D. Morris, ashore Lake Sn&enor; drew o U 0 ten* coal and rot cC. Bant Nortowe-f, ashore Mackinaw ; llchterad and got 07. Crig Parar ashore at Pm Hope; raised and ml oJ by stmr M net. Prop Ccyahosa. sank by colUrton with bar* Morelle at Pert Untoe; raised. Bara Geo. Sherts Util UU 1 1 Utu ft *JW« tXJCIUI atbore t«low CJercacd; pet off by tttnr M»zb Ecbr Geo. Safer,. uLore abore Fairport; cot off »tar Magr.tL gcir Ttree Frteada. aabcre abor* Fa port; cct off by ic&r Jiajcrf. Schr Crioaita. bs nut broken \i col.ifioa with scbrOjflcti ia I Stralta. V. H. Watson, ’osl topsail mad b eallacty&nl on Lake Harm. Bark John sweem lost topsail. Sifcssail. staysail, and f r.-yani , Late Unite. MOr Bay City, rarro mis. »*>•• at tfte Bearers; rot off; Oaa-.-iga* *KJ , star nasttft broke crank P*o Late M'**,*; . sebr Uulctstrp. l«.-t m-*t of her salts w «ia ; can. >tr Jcwlutr.carried away ,«>3f ** J“& 11-blpan. Scbr Atawlrs. lost a-borT room on Late Mlrbieaa. Schr P g J s*cf el Two Rivera; got °£:.. ,!^ iiaron.*a4»3nu U; 0.1. ! • a.l Oer salU ca (oroaU. topsail a' •lot Owrit Siclin-'e*brW. Fukr.loas t JlbtopajU on lato carMne Bailey, h top*all oa Lake Mlcblj.fc.r~ Metk oa Lake Mlchipi tuoetof&er sails a&n carried awar by coGtslcaw ScbrOstrtPb, t«wl« WelU. •**! »H tec sail, fCM»ratada. gjoou EKr-. Schr lledbat a X Mcmtn ~2»je « Lake Mo as! fccjw Blac rci, a. Hon; t»<a -tSrivis on Lake UirMraa; j~« aped 1» *;'?«—MndComnvccetacar.codide a t O |£ar» imaged. Sc w A. llowc». n-o; ? ?f J*7*ieaK and <s&.«ued la Lake En -•> losPcr. 7/Xrad pen on n*r*acl»r la "r J£* DP- pejaa. setra-smaada.Tbroc jiT#rar^:7 k i4j*. naiiy lUrk . ,:o,,l 2Scitdprcf Mtr.loUroUl-iealMir*raalee; be - St. C air River. VneEwlJacfc s&filSss SZSrbJt Kh&s L :^ m ‘.'itsivs-T ctsab’ed in canvas on Lalb Kile. SttrSao w2*.-»»e »Sr B”» a: .SO t °* “<> "I* 1 " PjjJV r«.rlea a bo« bei&w Oere’aM; cot off a~d » S&j r *gSf total U» £Vth foorJlvt-. Sctr Alice Crnvtr, astore at Cle« sji? Vcd total lots wlib ens 'lft. scfcr Forwardo fon-aail on T ake Daren, aad ctberwUedaaapei •St- Mary A- Rankin, sank at„ltn Day; Rot a? aa. frpAbed. Brtff Pllsrßa, damaged by eoUwga on S* OairCmt* Hi-Manl Chid ashore at FalfP«rU total lots; crew saved. sctr MonaiatoMr. tar.* carpi atd damapel otberwls- on Lake Wf Miami B-lle. h) t IbresalLaaff damaced opa »Ueoß Late Erlcv-Scbr tpuctstpn, lost topsail «jf orcyftTd OQ Laks Haroa. §chrj.