Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 27, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 27, 1866 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

QEljicaga tAXLT, TEMYEEKLT AND WEEKLY. OFFICE, Ho. 31 CLAHK-ST. Thera an tame corneas of theTantra* looed. ul Jnrj xaoratac, Ibr drealatloa hr carrier*, new*seen apathy main, td. TheTc-Wxan/T, Monday*, Wed. acftUya tad Friday*, for the mails only; and the WcaxT,oaThanday«,Qttthsia*Ua and uieatoor cent ter sad hr cevnacß. Ten* of the Chleaira Tribune: Dally delivma la the city (w tm) 8 S 3 adraoce) JTT;.. 1*2.00 TrvWeekty.fper usam, payable to advasee) 6.00 HMfetf,Qwißngn,(Mfitiif tnadrasee) 4*oo fMT Fractional parti of U* year at U>e tame rates. IW“ Persons VemlKl« sod ordering are or more copies of either tbs Tri-Weekly or Weekly edition*, may retain tea percent of (be sahadpuan price as a oonualatao. Koncwvo scascarfm.—ln ordering the address el your papers chanced, to prevent delay, be sure and specify what edition yon tike—Weekly, Trl-Weekly, or Dally. Also, xlrejoarrmasraraadfiitare address. tr Morey, byDraft, Ezprea*.Voacy omen, orta Ceslstercd Letters. tnaybesenlstooriuk. Address, TKIBUNB CO- Chicago* 111. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 27, ISGG. ASTOUNDING WfIISKEY PBAVOS, The Congressional Committee, which vis- Ued New York to Investigate reported frauds upon the revenue, after a partial and super ficial examination hare already discovered frauds that almost exceed belief. The cheat ing in the manufacture of whiskey is per- fcctiy astounding. Our reporter telegraphed the Tbiuuxe Ihc following synopsis of what was discovered “ Whiskey regularly branded, but which has never paid a cent of tax, is •regularly sold on ‘Chance and in the street, at from one dol lar and a quarter to one dollar and seventy-five cents per gallon. Distilleries of small capacity have been secretly started la great numbers la all parts of the city—in cellars and carrels—where tract on*.- to two barrels a day are made. So great U the demand for these small prm« that th* mu- - »w. uiwv siuou wi*'- i.ii*. in. .-fix,* pcrsQ'ths are overran with orders, and some of them bad from fifty to une hundred orders ahead. Mes cf high busicess standing are en gag.'d fa baying Ibis illicit whiskey with perfect tmi anUy, the la»j*ectora of whiskey and tao Id ppectors of distilleries being many of them dl- rrcfly Implicated, and many of them have made forion*# is the few mouths place their* appoint meet. These men were ah recently appointed order Ibe * aspire* of the Johnson Clab here, and mtnjr of tueDieeato have been a elected with special reference to raisins foods for political pcipOfcs. One man who had the disposal of zneeb of the Government patronage, made in two months by dealing la illicit whbkey. Revenue agents and Colleclors rrecoily appointed and deeply implicated, had their places bought for them by dealer! Is v Li.'key of the Johnson Clab,acd generally speak* ing. enormous earns have been paid on one haad tout-core the appointment ot men who would either participate directly or tank at frauds, and on the other to raise money for these dabs. It i* m uat half the whiskey m bond in (he city ot New York, has bees entered by first securing prrtgiKfcion to withdraw It for rc-dlniUing, and then filbcc the casks with water instead. It u understood that (be committee are gatUQcd that the present Isos cannot be enforced, and that they contemplate recommending a redaction ot the us to fifty cents a gallon, or the Imposition of a k* cccre to greats* to break up all email establish merle, or both.” When Congress increased the tax from sixty cents to one dollar and a half, the Tuinvxn asserted that it was a financial blunder, and opposed the hill; and when the one dollar and a half excise was further in creased to two dollars, it warned Congress that a two dollar tax on a gallon of whiskey could not be collected in this country by any revenue machinery which the wisdom of Congress might devise. The Revenue Com* mi.-Hoa, consisting of Messrs. Wells, Col well and Hayes, devoted months to the question of distilled spirits us a source of They made a thorough search Into the whole subject, and carefully examined the excise laws of other countries, aod made a .report to Con* gres* covering seventy pages, giving the result of all their investigations and the conclusions draws therefrom. It is an ex ccedicg’y able and interesting document, and we were astonished then, and have been ever since, that the array of facts and argu ments presented In that report did not in fluence Congress to reduce the excise at least one-half, for the necessity for so doing was cleaily demonstrated. The Commis sion proved to Congress that a two dollar tax could never be collected oa a third, or even a fourth of the distilled splriu con consumed in this country, and that smug gling and illicit distillation would be car- ried on to an extent at once frightful aud demoralizing. The Commission recommend- td that ttc excise be reduced to om dollar j*-r fjnTJuti, believing that to be the highest revenue point- They favored a lower tax, but ■acre willing to compromise on that rate ami fubmil Uto the test of experience. The icaeoi't which induced this recommendation were ii» part ns follows: , , Ist. A tax or two dollars per proof gallon (i. ‘ f., 50 per cent alcohol) Is a higbTf rate of-"tax than any foreign nation find* it expedient to levy, Great Britain levies $2-0 on the Imperial gallon, contain ing 277 cubic Inches, while our wine gallon ct-ntainsltat '-'3l inches, and the British proof is .V* jht cent of alcohol, while ours Is hut 50 pci cent, Thecost of manufacturing a proof .gallon In this country Is 18 to 24 cents, while in England it is 40 to 50 cents. The Ameri can tax Is, tin return, 14 per cent higher than the British on the cumr quantity of alcohol. And if we com pute the ratio of expense of production to the fax. we find that the American excise is >SO i«cr cent on the prime cost, ‘while the British tax is bnt 400, or less than half a* much. With a tax of one dollar per wiuc gallon, ttic American distiller can make os large a per cent of profit by illicit distilla tion a> the British dh-lUler, with his lax of S'j.iiO per imj-crial gallon. 2d. The French excise is cents per gallon. The Busrian, 81 cents per gallon. The Canadian excise Is only 30 cents. InPras sb the excise is 10 cents, and in Austria about IT cents }>cr gallon. Thus, the United States tux <m whiskey la the highest in the world. It Is twice and a half as high as that of Kusela, three times ns high as that of France; seven times os high as tbc Canadian excise, thirteen times higher than the Aus trian, and twenty times higher than tbc i’riittian excise. And If We reckon strength ■ and prime cost, our excise is double that oi Great Britain. 3d. It may be laid down as an axiom In the ccunouy of taxation that whenever a tax ex ceeding 75 to 109 per cent of the cost of un aiticle is imposed, a limit has been obtained when the ordinary provisions of tlio law are hiMitlicicut for the prevention of frauds. And tncrc will be four limes the fraud under a tax oi SUO per cent on cost,* than under a tax of KO per cent; and four Units the fraud under a 400 per cent tax than under a tJW per cent tax: nr.d the same ratio holds good on an exebe of bOO per cent. The accelerating m lio of lulling bodies applies. The tempta tion to commit frauds, on the part of those oriuii’aUy engaged in a business is in propor tion to the tax, but when it is made cnor moui-ly high, outsiders rush into the biijinces for the express pur pose of swindling the Government. Thus we limit b;;t hundreds, sad perhaps thousands oi rafcai.* are now making whiskey in New York, w ho nevertboaghi of whiskey-making whin the fax was twenty cents .per gallon, or even rixiy cents. Bat a two dollar tax epees the roud to sudden wealth to those who cht> successfully evade its payment, and tbc Immense profit justifies the small risk of detection. The margin Is larg<* enough to enable them to corrupt the revenue officers, and close the mouths oi spies with hush money, and still clear three to four hundred per cent.. A l>a:bi of taxation la now reached when the icducemeat to evade or teats! the law bo i comes too powerful to, admit of restraint, f "All experience shows that every Unreason- Si, able tax contains within itself the elements | - oi i:& own certain annulment,” I 4th. The Imposition of dalles does not les l sen the appetite lor spirits; and os no attain- I sble vigilance of the‘officers, or severity of | ti e laws, bos been found sufficient to secure I } a monopoly of thcmarkcl-to the legal dls ' tillers, the real effect of high duties has been to throw the supply of a largc.portlon of the drnivnd into the hands of the illicit distiller, and “ to Ftipcradd the atrocities of the smog ulit to the. Idleness and dissipation of the drunkard.” Sth. The evils of intemperance have not been decreased a particle by the high excise on spirits. N<» people In the world ere re strained so little from gutifylng their appe tite* by taxation as the Americans. Asa measure in the interest of temperance, the £SO per cent tax on whiskey is an utter fail ure ; while the pcrjnry and bribery it has caused are beyond belief. The public pay the enormous tax, and the Illicit distillers and corrupted revenue officers put four-fifths of the excise into their own pockets, to solace and quiet consciences wouqded by the frauds, false swearing and misfeasance committed agsinet the Government. . 1 The quantity of distilled spirits \ produced in the United States \ In ISCO, as returned to the Census Bureau, was 90,412,581 gallons, and It Is be lieved this was rather under than orerjthe ac tual production of the year. This was three gallons ]wr inhabitant of the whole popula tion. During the post fiscal year a lax was ■- paid on 14,000,000 of gallons. Does any one believe that with five millions greater pop ulation in ISCCLhanin ISC9, there was sele ct case of consumption of 74,090,000 of gal lons? Who asserts that bnt one-*rvtnlh as nuich whiskey is drunk, now as six years ago? Making, full allowance for the decreased use ot alcohol -• burning fluids, medicinal '' Vines and in the arts in consequence it is quite certain that the I ~ “ ■•ncum, which is (tea Rations per Inhabitant, against three gal-- lons in IWO. II the lax had boon honestly collected on this quantity, the revenue therefrom would be sl4o,'(X>li>!o,' whvms the sum actually collected was only $28,000,000! showing that the frauds on this single article amounted to the astonishing sum of $112,000,000 during the post pear. This vast sum, nearly large enough to pay the interest on the National debt, was, frau dulently pocketed by whiskey makers and revenue deputies, acting in collusion with them. * The frauds arc Increasing so rapidly, and the demoralisation Is becoming so great, that It Is questionable whether thd revenue from this source next year wilt much exceed Ihc fines and penalties collected from those' who manage their frauds In so clumsy a • manner as to render It necessary for the rev enue officers to takc'cognizancc of it. If the Excise Jaw can be rendered any more effective and Us administrators more faith ful, let it be done. But the very first thing Is fur Congress to rescind one-half of the tax: and after a year’s trial if It be found still too high, reduce it to seventy-five cents, or to fifty cents- It B quite probable that half a dollar a gallon will prove to be the best revenue point. THIS UKM.TII OF CHICAGO. In several articles we have alluded to the expediency of having a health bill, similar to - the Metropolitan Health Act of New York, passed by our Leglslatuie at its ccmlng ses sion, for the city of Chicago and county ol Cook. It requires no argument to show that the Police Board have enough work to do in looking after the public peace and the Fire Department, without undertaking the additional and weighty responsibility of the public health. Comparatively speaking, but little attention has been paid to sanitary re form in this city—probably less than lit any other city of the same population in the Union. 'The growth of Chicago has been so rapid that public reforms have not kept pace with private improvement. Moreover, it is noticeable in all new communities that men arc so Intensely absorbed in attending to directly concern them. Bnl as the popula tion increases, in the same ratio the exciting muses of disease are multiplied. A distin guished writer on hygiene says: “It Is un •• doubtedly true that we can, even now, lit •* orally choose between health and disease; ** not, perhaps, always Individually, (for the “ sins of our father may be visited upon us), “ or the customs of our life and the chains “ of our civilisation and social customs may “ gall us, or even our fellow men may deuy *• us health, or the knowledge which leads to “ health. But as a race, m&n holds his own “ destiny* and can choose between good and •* evil.” It is not unlikely thAt we shall again be visited by cholera the coining summer. Now is the time to take the necessary precautionary measures, not when the pes tilence Is In our midst, and Us ravages star leg un In thelacc. How mm this he best ac complished, Is Ibe question. We do not as sume to speak of details, but we entertain no doubt of the fact that the New York system U the best one to be found Jn this country, if not in the world. - The efficiency and energy of tbc Metropolitan Board of Health ' are known and read of-all men. They liter* I rally stamped the cholera out last summer, ' in the tilthlcsl parts of the cily. Those ' place* which seemed most filled for tbc carnival of death, were suddenly and ruth* lessly cleansed, fumigated and disinfected— the patients removed to hospitals and cared for, and every article and thing which bore the taint ot dUvasc burned up. All this was done so ..silently and thoroughly that the citizens of New York hardly knew that ' the cholera was In their midst. Although constantly Introduced by immigrants, the disease did not become epidemic, and in u tciy shot lliue it was completely eradicated iremthc city. There Is nothing like it in ■ tlic annuls of sanitary science. What has been done in New York may be. end should he. done here. That the adop tion of such a system will involve some ex pense we are well aware. Economy should t»c studied in municipal os well os private s. (fairs. Bat there is a kind of economy known as “ penny whe and pound foolish.” The amount of money lost to the city by the suspension of trade in the mouth of October I lest would have defrayed the expenses of a Metropolitan Board of Health for half a j dozen years. During the three mouths end- | lug December Ist, Chicago, with a popala- 1 lion of 200,000, showed a mortality of Ihb by cholera. New York, with a population of over 1,000.000, showed a mortality of only I.l&J by the same cause. There is certainly no economy of human life for us to boost of in this exhibit, whatever may be said of the dollars. There is nothing so costly as dis ease, and nothing so remunerative us the out- IjV vlrtch tends io avert it. SL.kVMIS* IN .n,\UYLAsD. Thu advertised sate ol a negro in Mary land. proceeded according to ffonuuncc’-ncnl; and the Sbc-illf of Anne Arundel County now .iiiVL-rllPes two wore, negroes to be sold. iacb tor the term of two years, as a pneUbment for Jatccny, of whieli they stand convicted. Convicts bah appointed a ctonmiHCe to in vestigate the ui»tUr, and their report will donb’.liss place the countiy in full po.*ses- Jon 4*f the tacts. v The* law under which iLcte shies take place is clearly In viola tion ol Uie Civil Rights Bill, since It pre -<>: il cv a mode cf pui-tebmcut for the black-. .:*IT. mu from that prescribed tor white men e«T.\ku A <a the came offences, and acUa the n-pro fora slave in all cases where a white netsot. would be sent to the penitentiary. I hcic is ccrltiniy in ibis provision an absence .••fthat equality before the law whb’li f.-o ' Ivi! nights Act was. Intended to enforce. Ijul aside from legal considerations, these ales make it evident that the spirit of slavery has survived its nominal destruction in Maryland, as well as In the nnreconsiruct d State?, and that nothing but the vigilant exercise of the federal powfr, through the . United States Courts acd the Ficcd-ncn’* Bureau, will prevent the virtual 10-enilavc mont of the blacks. If it la lawful to sell a man Into slavery for two years, as a punUlv* ment f.r larceny, U would bo equally lawful to felt him for life. Let the principle be ad* icUlcd, the existing Governments of the youth acknowledged as valid, arid the Fede ral protection removed from thcncgroes.and wo should very soon eec a code of penal iiws in every Southern Stale, by • which :hc mv.ro,or tbe slightest offences,would be Id intollfe-buigslavery. In those com munities nothing would be easier tlian to c< nvict a negro, with evidence or without t. An accusation would be almast cnii'va i-ni in conviction, and thus,’underthe pre* ;vxt of punishing crime, the Leglsb'jtrcaLd :i.c courts would gradually hut surely re. 'ace Ike whole negro population to a sys- emot bondagedifferlngooly in name from t?iat which has been abolished by the Con. t-tjtnilonal Amendment. These negro sales ; :i Maryland cannot be too promptly or too .-iiarply looked * after by Con gress. It the* Civil Rights Act is to be trampled under foot In Mary land, what shall we expect Horn the States further South? Of course the President will t ympothlze with all violations of that act, -iitce It was made a law in spite of bis veto, and whatever is done to suppress these exhi bitions of barbaiism, will have to be done by r* •ngrcfiAaud tbe courts. Mr. Johnson, hav ing reinstated the whipping-post In North >1 np the auction-block In Maryland. IttKXICO. News Horn Mexico If generally very In ocfinlic, and of this character Is tbe latest intelligence, -that, as soon os the French l oopg bare w Itbdrawn Juarez Intends to lo- Mtc hts Capital at a point which Is ,‘vt secret-. General Sherman, who baa had .pterviewa with reproentatives of the Jnsrcz (Jovemmcut, says that in his opinion, as a •military man, the point 'selected is a _cod one. • Wc suppose that General Sherman pro : ounces this opinion upon the representa tions made to him of the resources ofJaarcz. The difference between the Mexican armies on paper and Mexican armies in the field U jt great one: and we can well understand bow General Sherman or any other man micht «y that such an army as a Mexican President will declare he can put In the field, would be Irresistible. In tbo meantime Maximilian has won the support of the Church party, and that, we think, Indicates sudden flight. Every dicta tor and cmrpVr that has been at the head of Mexican affairs during the last twenty years, has by opjioslmr tbe Church, and, consequently, has been opposed by tbo Church. Bat tbe Church Is the only body in-Mexlco'thal has ready money In any considerable* quantity, and as each adven turer discovers that bis elevation cannot be much longer maintained, he reconciles him »elf to the Church party, embraces Us l«llcy, gets a loan of five, ten or twenty millions, and then runs away. He Is fol* lowed in turn by another, who-goes through ’he same formula, and thus the Church in the end pays the bilk It la possible that Maximilian is playing the same game. The Mexican Church Is the lat goose of the country. It is the official church Of Mexico, audit pays heavily for the associa tion. If the. Church of Mexico would cut itself loose from tbe State; If it would abandon the empty dignity of being part of a Government which Is but nominal at best, 2nd never In actual authority In the nation; If it would leave revolutions, acd Republics, ana Empires alone, and place Its property In the hands of Its hierarchy, after the man ner in which like property Is held In thcCnlted States, then the Church would not be plucked of its millions year after year, and it would be vastly more re spected at homo, as well as abroad. If Jn&rcz obtains power, as it is possible he will, tbe first thing he will do will be to put the Church through a process by which he may obtain such money os he may need. This process he will keep up until he or the Church Is destroyed. He will b« Justified In this, politically, because when the Church, as part orMtxlmlli.in’sGovcramcnt, opposes hJm, he can treat’ that Church as a public enemy. • SECBKTAItI ffI’tWLLOCH’S POLICY A Washington despatch In our issue of Tuesday says: *lt la distinctly understood that a large and fixed majority of the liouae Committee on Bank lag and Currency, are determined to stand firmly by the rccommecdatioas of the Secretary of the Treasury.” The House. Committee on Banking and Currency consists of nine members. If five of the nine are iu favor of Secretary McCul loch's policy they arc widely at variance with the views of the people. Take one hundred men at random la the Northwest, and ninety-nine will be tajind to be thoroughly and totally'opposed to Mr. McCulloch’s policy. Already the alarm felt in view of his reckless recommend ations has produced severe distress in com* mcrciol circles. This distress Is wholly ua necessary and gratuitous. It is the houn£en duty of Congress to declare to policy Imme diately on reassembling, and thus relieve the public from financial stagnation. The capital oi the banks Is being locked up, in anticipation of hard times, and the losses to the b:snks and the people are heavy, and In* creating dally. There Is no reason for such a elate of things, except that the whim of the Secietary of the Treasury is pitted against the material interests of the country. The corner-stone of a monument to the rebel dead of Amite County, Mississippi, was laid the other day. The Rev Thomas It. Markham delivered an oration In which the “Lost Cause” and A. Johnson came in for about an equal share of praise, and the North for a large amount of obusc. The reverend gentleman compared the South to the Jetts in thfcJxmdage of Egypt, to Po land, Ireland, and “ the martyrs of whom Paul writes that the world was not worthy.” The rebel soldiers who fell In battle, fell “ for their homes and ihclr altarsJLard J ■ ficaurcgardrEorresl and pirate Scmmca were promised the same immortal fame achieved bv Kosciusko and Robert Emmett. “These names and this land will live through tlic ages,”said the orator, “and embalmed to ‘great epics, and resounding In martial odes, will move the hearts of gentle women, and stir the souls of brave men.” A- Johnson was described as “the great mao who rales the land to-day,” and patience was com mended as the “ last rcsOUrce of a prostrate IKJOple.” Of courae the negroes received a due share of attention. “ Their elevation to a social and political equality we will ever oppose, never consenting to our own .degradation.” This declaration was pre ceded by the announcement that “we (the South) arc the only true friend that this ig norant, feeble, dependent people have in all the wr.rld.” Maykbam’s speech .Is a very fair specimen of tile prevailing loyalty of the South, and of the public declarations by which the leading men keep alfrc the popu lar hatred on: e North. C 5?“ General DL: was presented to Napo leon on Monday; and M. Bcrlbcny was pre sented to Andrew Johnson- on Tup.w*«fj General Dix made a friendly Napoleon made a friendly speech. M/Ocr iLeny made a friendly speech, and A. J. tried to, but-failed, lie said: “Wo con stantly try to believe that no interests of cither country can ever require alienation or antagonism.” which, of course, was eqnita lent lb saying that it requires a great and continuous effort to remain on friendly terms with France, and that the result of the cf fUt 1- ctnhtful. AliL SIAM-A.VS POUTIS. r:u iz. LOVE /M) i'oems. By Scoslas. Ci ksKO : Western News Company. Eighly-thrce poems replete wllh much of Moore’s inspiration ami Howing with some what of his inimitable melody. Every Irishman who weeps over Cuniphcli’s Exbe of Erin will here find Inspiration for loud dreams of his own loved isle of the oc<‘an. Here is food for every man in whose memory is fixed the wrongs of seven hundruu years of oppression. Wherever Emmet yet lives these lines will find a lodgment. Every Irishman who hates England and luves Ire land will welcome Mr. Scanlon to hU house hold. The hook ir brought out In a style superior to every previdbs publication' which has ccmo to us from any house this side of the Atlantic States; ami \vc believe it marks un era in the history of the printing and hook binding arts of the West. Tinted paper, beautiful type, green binding and sliver em bellishment of bnrp aud shamrock arc tbc drees lu which these patriotic verses go to the Irish leader, for whom indeed, they wire expressly written. The author says the “ladsand lasses” that used to meet under the spreading tree and dance by moonlight •With beau and ba'cstrlogu timing, Feet alidftvgere ibysaing,* never, in oil their over laud and <ko, at picnics, balls, bazaars, In banquet halls or greenwood, with music of Germany ur -Italy to set the light feet going, have known such soul-enjoyment as that they knew on the village greens of Ireland." Ills intent Is manly, flotays: “I slug of Iro-‘ land and lor Irish hearts. Many hare shuck our country’s lyre to grander strains. but uonc with a more loving hand.’! We pnsent a stanza Iroro Mr. i-canlaa’s •‘Emigrant,’’jiptly representing the feelings or tie poet ami bh peculiar intensity of sad muting : “ How fast tbe stem and rock-rtbbe! coast F-des ft om my eight I Socc— iO';» the greets hilU will b; last Jr endless ; Igni 'ifcc rnr.ia vll‘ rise in *.vh gi of gaU, And tbe sad sea Ucto ike hills will slaj her old Weird xntKdr. Yet 7 uiU never n r re lehold Thy beauties o ownwir/-." IKIISOMI, Ike Earoucea Ferdinand (taths&'M, sccoi.d daughter ol Caron Hand ce Hoibsculld, died in ci Pf‘biitb, in L'-nd.-a, a fsvr weeks aii-cc. Mrr. V, I’cyie IVichcr ditd in Wsshli gtcn cc tic JStl. Mi. was a dsugter of B. Waikyn* ’Leigh, tbo dbtlagcbhcd Virginia stalosmaa. A > our.g man named Joseph Tmnctta baa been arrested in Maine, t*y SbciitT Schrocder, of Qroa* dy Ccnnsy. In ibis Slate, on a charge of tnurtcr cou’cnucu m that county" ahost one year ago, as detailed *» a letter fnn onr Morris correspond eni. published r. few days eitce. Ibvjory iutkecafc cf iUr Marjtxek vs. Wm. CaulO ull et at., f damsgoe in alihel printed jn tbe •ftiirfi'ay Mercury, n-tamed a scaled rrmlct Friday oturulng for the plalrtli, t aejjiugtbe carnages U 51,(X3. A man named Patrick Bark, of Quebec, tel! in a trance a‘td wet: supposed (ohedead. Prepare* Hone woe made fur the funeral, but he recovered cotttcumsrcs* in fiu;c to pre-ent that ceremony. A ftnroLflb'.e * 4 >Bkp.” Dr William A. Hammond, ix-Sargarn Gcaerai of tbe army. l« writing • novel for tc.-nanae. The title of It is, *' Rol.eil Seicnie; Hi* F.ictids and His Hnemice," and It trill not be a psy.'bolog leal study JlkeDr. Holmes’s ’‘Elate Vcoaer,” I nt a story pure and simple. l>r. Oammoad Is already -.known at the ambor of several pmfesslooal works. . • • ■Hon. A. P. Harsell has been re-appolnted State Agent for Ohio st-New York. Mr. Roisell has served for a number of years In tbe rase ca pacity. . A. man died last week la Shrewsbury, Mass, vfco hid become so advanced in his second child boed that for some montba'bc bad persisted in carrying to bed with him each ntgfat a rag-doll vbich belonged to one of hi* grandchildren. William Pa.locK,who recently died at PlUafield, Maas., aged 59, was one ot the most successful wcol-gtowers In tbe country. He had been for years a leading manufacturer, and a rspldly-stow- Ing man in wealth and influence. He leaves hla tidily {2,100,000.. Tbe Young Men’s ChitstUn Association of Phil adelphia bare presented George U. Smart, Esq., a bust. In Carrara marble, upon « pedestal ol «x --ctcdlng beauty, ol Gcnertl U. S. Grant. Tbs tculpinio c.st f t,BOO. Robert Browning bat needy completed a new poem of considerable length founded on a media vai Bataan story. Secretary Siacton and Oeworal Uoade witnessed a performance by Madams RUtari In Fhitadelohts mi Tuesday night, and were afterwards Introduced to tbe tragedienne in the green room. Tbe Uarvenily at Chapel : mil. North CaroHoa, (according to the Charlotte TtantowM Is In a bad way. There are bnt a handful ol stnoente In the in-utottoo. and even tWy talk of leaving- The iJtmocivt thinks that the only remedy for this state oftblt<gs Is “the elecron of fienenl Jo seph £. Johnston, or gome other prominent mill* tary nun," to the Presidency of thoCollegc. A schoolmaster from Boston has been arrested at Irvington. N. J-, lor whipping one of bis pn* pU* who died shortly afterward, and wilt be tried ter homicide. Govcmoi Bollock, of Uaseuhaacctt*, has been (vettflea that a palotlng of Daniel -Webster, full. the. is among He tfltvU ol the late Commodore Stockton, and iaforaale. It was painted by the late Chester Harding. Tbe Virginia (Nevada.)' Union aays that Hon. John D. Winters, late Coppcmead candidate for Ibe Governorship of Nevada, being at Carson, in attendance on a social garnering at the Warm Springs Hotel, became so well filled with eggnog and • other Thanksgiving dicer, that his tongne loounedto the extent of enunciating, as his politi cal creed, a belief that he could polish oh* any Black Republican who might be floating around- It turned out to be a non unfounded assumption on the part of John 1)., for Lanco Nigltingfik onr worthy State Comptroller, con sidering himaelf personal! v affronted ov the re mark, put In a teat fkcer, catling Mr. Winter# pirtty badly over tbe left eye, «hicb optic now looks as if in mourning for tbe result of tbo laic election. . . Sandwich Literary Association. The citizens of Sandwich, having long desired f one n* i-fn’, entertaining ano Instruct!' e pa*ume ftr wlaler evrumgs, have vmh much unammUyof Icelim: pci tvctcct an organization, styled aa above, which Itcludea In Us scope a reading room, loc taies and a public library. Tbe Lecture Commlt- U-e take pleasure In announcing to the public the Uni lecture of a series foe the winter coarse, to be delivered by Bov. 0. Q. Tiffany, D.D., of ChSso. entitled, If# Worta£at the Pmbr'arUn Cbnrch .1 bMQWich. on fitted.,. Jefioir, Irt. ISm- ulckeu or ttdnlMltt;. rorctn- Uemctt; Ml, MU; Inr l.dle* lwettt,-dr« MU, fflAkn .imwoXtte .n Intel tectn.l f»sl m., FBOM ECBOPE. Onr London letter. TXie Apparent Peace—lactation of State* Siena—Tlte International Workingmen** Congrm-Thc ennreb Controveray—Trouble in (he London tmteiilty-memj Blatter*. [Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] J-okdon, Decembers, 18CS. Apparently Earoj>e never enjoyed such ro poso ss at the present moment. I do not know b single State In which there is not peace, excepting Turkey, where the Cretan rebellion, which tiu been pot down at least a dor.cn times in telegrams from. Constanti nople, seems to be as lively as ever, and Eng land, which, though not In actual warfare. Is proclaiming the various counties of Ireland as if a war was Immediately expected. But, with these two exceptions, Europe Is appa rently at peace, and there are visionaries who proclaim that with the Exhibition of Paris next year a new order of things is to begin—that the Champ de Mars is in fact to be blotted out of existence, and that the field of peaceful industry is to be consecrated. Now the real truth is that Europe never was in such a state, not of actual warfare Indeed, tujt of separation, os it is at the present mo mtnt. In the opening of their Parliaments mid Chambcis Governments may say that they conllcue to receive friendly assurances ircm all foreign States, but the fact is ihat each State was never more isolated from other States than just now. None Is sure ofite neighbor, and each one is doing all it can to t-ecure Itself In the cataclysm that It foresees as inevitable. Not long ago it was put forward as an object of the high est European policy that three or four of the W estern, Southern and Middle States of Eu rope should combine to resist the growing power of Russian despotism on the one hand' and of Republican anarchy—of which, of course, the United States of America was the icprcscntative—on the other. But not a sin* gle step has been taken in-that direction, and a look-out-lor-youreelvea policy is that which now obtains from St. Petersburg to Loudon. From Fiance, which assumes the amiy will be supplied with the Cbassepot rifles, and rifled cannon ot the most approved Killing power. Immediately after the battle of Shadows, 1 said that Its Issue would only only be the starting point for fresh won, and only yesterday the “leading journal” of London declared that “ominous storm clouds were lowering over Europe.'? With the army ot France in possession ot the Cbassepot rifle, Its Roman and Mexican con tingents at home, and its new military or ganization, which will increase its army to at least 1,000,000 of fighting men, the Em peror Napoleon is at all events, amidst even the gnities of Cotnpiegne, preparing his , house for the gathering storm. England, os you know, hasolso her military commission, and projects are abounding for giving her the maximum of strength with the mini mum of expense. But whether It be Fraucc or England, it roust give more liberty at home if it wauts to be Tally armed lor the approaching straggle. The French people u'ru asking through the liberal press more freedom, a« the most powerful weapon with which the French Emperor can arm bis sub* Jecls, and Ibe literal party in England Is patting forward the same demand. There cun he nothing more certain than if England should be dragged Into a war she will be much crippled by the Reform cry on the one band, and the Fenian cry on the other. - Mr. Bright ha« rgonc much lartber than i thought ne ever would when he urged that the Trades Unions should direct their energies to puli* tics. H they do so they will become on im mense lower in the nation, and their de mands will he irresistible. There wlli be a lull lu politics tilt Christmas has passed, but then we ate promised a renewal of agitation core loud and general than ever. 1 have frequently referred to the meeting of the International Congress of.Working* men at Geneva in this correspondence. That 1 took a pretty correct estimate ofits importance lb evident from the attention It. bus since received from some of the must thoughtful men in Europe. Mr. G. U. Lewes, of the I'ortuvjhtlij Jicrlnr, tbc editor ship ol which be has just residue J, oay s of this Congress, la bis commentary of passing events, that it is the most important fuel ti nt has taken place since the formation ot the Communes in the Ml.tdle Ages, end the meeting of the French Slates General in USD. I *cau hardly go so far as this, but that it is a fuel of much significance there cannot be a doubt. If the working men of Europe can only suc ceed In organizing au International League they will change the whole aspect of Euro pean society, tor moat assuredly the laboring power is the foundation on which the whole superstructure is raised. The controversy between the chnrchcs and in Ihc churches thoueli less loud is not less Intense than the political controversy, and with the peculiarity of religious polemics, it Is far more hitler. This is the Serioc lor Episcopal pastorals, uud as each ishop in succession delivers himself of his charge a host of comments is the Immediate result. The comments arc not confined to laymen. Tbc clergymen who are supposed to he under the EpUcoj-qJ jurisdiction of the vtry Bishops who promulgate these pasto ra-s, •* rush into print,” and, if they do not actually express, they suggest acamstihcm übarces of jesultlng, double-dealing and by ptcrity. The Bishop of. Oxford Is olio of, those Biahops, who is suspected to hate strong Catholic proclivities, has denounced in the strongest language any thing like Romanizing tendencies in his clergy, but yet no ouc wuo knnvca the Bishop c.t (Jibuti tlve* him the least credit for sin cerity lu this rvppccl. “A Jesuit in disguise,” •ji.d *■« spiritual trickster,” are about the uMidiet lofii.s of cxpieSMon winch his emu jplUal clergy apply to him. Ur. I’tu.cy, the iiclrcw I'rufcs.'or of Oxford, continues his ivUmtulbe ami in each one berelt etalo, more irnpVaLically than before, hi* bdicl in and his pmeticcofthe Roman Oath. o’.re Oiurcti. Un llic oilier hand Ur. Mau rice. vbo Las recently been clccicd to tli« CUuu: .«l Moral Pullosopby In Cambridge Uidvcnrit), und wbo bus abandoned wtut n*ed to be considered some of Jbe vital do'• it.u? of the <■ hmtiau tilth. gathered round tiini llic heeds v Imust-s at hn inaugural Ice ture*xd was iiiot-t enthusiastically received | by a largo uutllcutc- Well may the Bishop { „1 I/judiK; tay in his charge that perhaps tUcic is no otucr church la the world hut ;Lai oi England which could retain m its fold t'vomcn of such widely opposite views at lit- two profesboraol Oxford, Ur. I'i.tcj art] I)r. .hivoit. True, Indeed. Bit jccpic who want a creed—people who desire to believe, and who think that Christ cam • to leach sotfCdiiiug will ask. «ud uie asking, how that c'mi.ch con possibly the truth, two of wb >?o T ieuiost teachers j-rofess and prcacu views that are destructive the one'of the other. The Bishop of Loudon, who Is a broad churchman, rmv see something to admire lu lids, hut it is surely Irrational, not t*> say re pulsive, to hear one* protestor inculcating the broadest rationalism in one hail, and the ether the ptilctcst dogmatism In the next. What can the etedeut think, vrtio paws from the Hebrew lecturer to the Greek lee* lurir, and rue rrrtaf The conclusion he a lii probably draw la that he bad better be ;bdti.i-rcnt lo both. VLtre ?iarti*d up another epUoaeoftluac theological divisions, sun that :n a' quarter where It was U Sit of all to be expected th-; Uritealtj of London. This Institution was founded for the express purpose of giv ing a high chi?? education amt co’uterriug de ijucb without reference lo religion. Hence, atuMigst its professors arc to be found Hio du f, Jews and Christians of all shades. The main vh-tueut, however, In the constitution o“ the teaching and governing body nas Unitarian, not, of course, arising from any picfenuce for members of the Uuiuiian body, but from the Juct that Unitarians are distinguished (o no decided doctrinal the* oh gy,~and.a«such.they naturally gravitated towards an institution founded on the princi ples of those of the London University. The Profistorehip of Mental Philosophy having become vacant, the Rev. James Martlocan. one of the most dlsUngulabcd'or the writers, leathers ai d preachers in Earlaad, became a candidate for tbe oiflcc. It is admitted that he was fac'de pcin txjt* of &U the candidates. Of that there is no dispute. He was the recoin* mended of the Senate, hut to the surprise of every body, the Council of the Unlvcr sity, in whom the appointment rests, re jected him. The reason first assigned for this proceeding, was that he was a distin guished Unitarian minister, and that it would be running counter tc the unscctorian character of the University to appoint so distinguished a member of any religious body. Of course this plea could not hold good in face ot the fact that Dr. Hopkins, who last occupied this very chair, was a clergyman, and it' would not do to maintain that Air. Martiucaa Was rejected because he was a “distinguished” clergyman. Bull believe the real cause of Mr. Martlncau’a rejection was, after all, not a theological but a philosophical one. The Connell of the University Includes In Us body Mr. Grote. tbe'emiaent historian of Greece, Mr. J. S. Mill, and others who are advocates of what is known as the sensational school •of philosophy of which Locke was the main pillar lu England, and Condillac in France. The chain of mental philosophy In Oxford and Cambridge are held by professors who teach the opposite system oi transcendental philosophy. Mr- Martiucaa is an eminent and eloquent expounder of the same view, and it was not thought right by tbe members. of the Council who arc scnsttlooalUU In philosophy, that the country which pro duced Locke should bare no representative of his theory. Though no follower of this school ofpbHosophy, 1 think tbe Council hsa a betl'-r plea on this ground than on the theological ground at brst pat forward, and on w Inch they have been severely criticised by most of the journals. The proprietorial body of the college have forwarded a pe tition to the Council requiring that their de cision should be rescinded. Meanwhile the University Is suffering in public csilmuion, aid some of Us most eminent professors have resigned rather than continue as teach ers in a college which rejected so eminent a man as Mr. Martlncan. Both Earl Russell and bis son, Viscount Amberiej, have proved their devotion to literature —the former by the production of the third volume—of the life of Charles JfUflU Fox. Earl Russell will ecrUlnlv not descend to posterity as a Writer of biogra phy. He seems incapable of Investing tbe : subject of ids biographies with tbe least I interest. They are usually a collection of dry bones, without the least muscle, nerve; or coloring. Of course the great Whig was the great mao dfhls day, ana his rival, Pitt, is dworied down to elevate his hero; and there can be no doubt that Judged In the light of history, Fox was the sonuder states man, though It may wellbcdoabted whether Lowes tin- greater individual. Tbe som uiory of the character of tbe •* Heaven-born statesman” of the Tories, as seen through the WMg glass of Earl Kaaseli, Is that be was \a I cc lo this country for £000,030,000 of debt. Viscount Amberley has a paper in the FortniqMy Ursine ou the Cborch. ft Is of the most liberal kind, almost rational Is its character. 1 suppose this an evidence of reaction against the narrow theological school of Dr. Camming in which his step mother—a member of the Minin family— I w ished to bring blm up. Tnere has been a great gathering of the Homan C«Uiollc this wcckTTTZTi or protest asalnstthe treatment,)”tnj Pol? It was hardly nccceurj-, seeing tLt .11 TS encakcre expressed their a»nraacc tha Si pone was divlnei** '••'Pointed . n ,i „ M i, e e ,'uiica and would be »“»4Krjgs*'‘s > -si ! as u is. However, the providential miracle most soon be exhibited, for the trench troops arc leaving, and the tele graph has not reported that any militant ** "t* or angels have vet arrived In Rome to take the place of the “ descendants of Voltaire." The meeting was full of con v«t«, thcEarl of Dcnbeigh, Archbishop Manning himself; Sir G. Bowyere. the Marchioness of Lothian, and a vast number of clergymen who left the Anglican for the Roman Church. One of these converts Lady Hcjbert, of Lea, has Just published a w° r * called "Three phases of Christian lore. It Is a curious book, and to some minds will be a sad one. For instance: one °f the three representatloort of Christian love which lady Herbert describes, would not kiss a dying child because it would show that her heart was not wholly-detached from t his world. Lady Herbert’s son will be tbi Earl of Pembroke and will have an immense fortune when he comes of age. The motlus will, no doubt, have him brought up a Romsi Catholic If possible. In a recent letter' made an extract from Cmfa Oxitoliez reaped lug the downfall of Napoleon in. At th Catholic meeting a Mr. Mathews called hll "the Pontius Pilate of the Papacy." W<il may Napoleon cry “Oh, the gratitude Jesuits ! T ’ ITALY ASD ROME. A Blot In Venice. [From tbe Venice Rjnnatsmento, December I.] A body of workmen who, it appears, must have come to the resolutiou yesterday even ing, assembled this morning at S o’clock before the windows ol the Town Hall, an I commenced to ask for “bread or labor." At first there was nothing threatening In their manner, but the crowd having augmented, and their cries having become louder and menacing, tbe troops on guard endeavored, but in vam, tocuim them. Two of our most eminent citizens, with the comcaandaut ol the hoards ol the Qucsturo, Captain Ven trelia. did all they could to pacity tbe riot ers, and advised them to send a dftrvntatinn . regarded. To moke things worse,-an officer of the municipality presented himself In the balcony and spoke to the crowd In an Insulting way. The people then cast away all restraint, and forced an entrance Into tbe town ball. Tbe Mayor, Assessor Bicco, the Secretary, and others, now came up and held council as to what was to be done. The workmen, who were greatly excited by the ins oils which bad been cast on them, would not listen to the chid of the municipality, ami it was alone owing to the firmness of Captain Vcn trella that tbe second'barrier ol tbo stair case was not forced. By a lucky inspiration Signor Antonio Zunzi, a Garibaldlao cap tain, addressed tbe crowd, and with great difficulty persuaded them to select himself uud some others to go to the Mayor and ask. fur labor as well as an apolrgy for the In sulting language used towards-tbcoi. Count Giusliuiaui solemnly assured them that the municipal officer whose conduct contributed to increase the disorder would be punished, and having 'scut for some of the others municipal officers he informed them of some wofks which might be at once taken In band. The Mayor then stated that on Mon day morning they would commence tbo fill ing up of the Kivo Friuli. SS. Apostoti, and that of OgnU&antl, which would give era- , ployrucnt to about four hundred workmen. : Shortly tfter, the Mayor, the Assessor Bicco, and Captain Antoulo, appeared at the bal cony of the Town Hall and premised that iu the course of the day active steps would bo taken to procure work for the unemployed. When the Mayor told them that the works in question would be executed by the muui cipj ity iUelf, and not by private persons, there was a general clapping ol hands. 11c added that a list would be opened at the Town Hall, on which the workmen who wished for work might inscribe their names. CniccDh’N Ttsil to Home—The Cardi uals> Lncb of Electing a sew Pope— Speech of PIo Noito to the I'rcncla Of* cc». [ltoOiL-, December let, Correi«pondcr.t Pall Mall Uazettc ] The visit of the Empress ol the French to the Pope, which has been thought doubt in! up to tiiis time, now seems to' he more ot-nOdcntly expected here, and, in conse quence, has given rise to a crop of rumors, crediting it with political objects. But the truth is, the Empress has received an invi tation from the Holy Father, who wishes to sec and converse with her, aud tbc incident postcscea no other than a persona) glgultl crncc nt present. Ills Holiness ten dered Her Majesty the use of the Quirinal during her stay,- but the olfer has been de clined. The Empress, it Is said, will travel incognito, and simply as a pilgrim ad Htnlnn apontolomm, and will reside at the French Embassy. Preparations arc in progress there for her reception, but It is probable that, on her arrival, she will take up her abode si tbc Hotel de Rome, in the apartments lately tenanted by the Era prrS' of Mexico. Meanwhile the prospect of her corning has led the Holy Father to defer ids intended excursion toCivlta Vcccbla, for which Signor de Rosy, the director of rail ways, has been ordered to provide a special train, un order not yd countermanded. Tbc Holy Father Intends to receive at Clvita Vccchla the officers of the sewn ships of war jying in the road, one of which, detached liom the squadron of Lord Clarence Paget, Dec the English flag. The real object of the P«j<c's visit remains a mystery, which Is fos tricd by'liroscli; as be continues to hint ibwt wc may expect some uxtrargdiimry event-. Meanwhile the extreme party Is cx* ••rting all its influence to goa l him to a des perate step; one moment « e are told to look fur bis instant Ilig'it-, and the next that ha' has n**olv;-d on abdication. In Mippoilofthc rumor of intended abdi cation, U is said that a new election h;is late ly been talked of among Ihe cardinals at more than one of tbeir moating*. The heft judges allege tuat the n ajority of votes in ,-ucn a case would fall in either Cardinal Van- IcelU Cason! or Cardinal Morichlnl, both Archbishops In the Kingdom of Italy. The favorite Cardinal Vacicclli, Archbishop of Ferrara, was born in ISOlal’Lugnano.asmnU town in Umbria, and is descended from, a Portuguese family long settled in Italy. Tbc vblt of the'Emprcss will not delav tbc execution of tbc convention, and the Eighty flltli regiment o- the line will embark, as 1 ennonneed to yon, the day after to-morrow. Tiie officers have been presented to the Pope C. r tbeir larcwcil audience, by General De Mi iiUbrilo, and uis Holme.? gave tbc Gen eral live decoration- to be bestowed oa sueli • vbe number os he should select. This mark of f;iv..r to tbe Eighlv-flflh bit? astonished •m. '.'oarf, that regiment was In garrUod at Album} Oil ihc ef the conflict be’ tween the French soldiers and the Pupal drngronsat Casteigandotto, and then fife:! on the orogoom. Iu conferring the decora tions, the Holy Father raid: “I iegret to part with yon; 1 regret that your Eiiii*trorhaa abandoned me, alter gain ing so much of my confidence, and so formally promising to defend me. But I have confidence in God. 1 hope he wfli overt the revolution, and say to ft, as be said ti‘» the sea. * Thou shall go no further.’ 1 shall remain at my post, and abandon it only when danger to the Übcrty and iude-. pcndcnce of trio Holy Ses““torapel» me In sc-ck a reftige elsewhere.” FROM COSTOY The Itcmoral or Genrial SebouZcr- Si:d:*eretioub In High rjacr*—Kciivral Butler and m> finmltia-Th- Sul iTtoitnnirni Aflalr-vrclitirrh and £ftli»alm-.i B«rcber Battle— Arvvspnp«*r iVeww—Death* Journal- Uu-A Detective A'chlcvcratift-Oba cerements at the custom liocst- AiunMOienu. [Prom Our Own Correspondent.) Bonos. December 22,15 C-C. A BIPPLB IN STATE POLITICS. The most notable local crest of the week bos been the publication of tbe correspon dence between General Schonlcr and Gov ernor Bollock, concerning the removal of the leaner fioro tbe Adjutant Generalship of the State. I mentioned the removal in m) lost letter to tbe Tribcke, and hinted that General Schooler’s opposition to General Bai ler's election for Congress was at the bot tom of It. The Springfield H*pul»l am referring, to • this -generally re ported reason for the change, sold it conld not be trne, or that the cast wind must bars sfrangely shrivelled the Governor since his election, to make snch action on his part pos sible ; and the very next day the public were presented with the whole correspondence, In which the Governor expressly assigns this as the reason fur his course, and rather glories in it. The whole thing is Terr unpleasant, not specially creditable to any of the parlies con cerned or implicated, and foil of opportn* allies for the sarcasm of the Democratic party. General Schouler is a Republican of many years standing, assisted In building up the party, and as a politician had rather gone toEct d; bat he made an excellent Adjutant General daring the war times, when that office was no sinecure, and au admirable er t-cutivc officer to pat the fire and vigor ol Governor Andrew Into action. Iq his intimate association with that gentleman he undoubtedly inherited much of the leelinc arising from the very bitter quar rel betw.ih the Stale Administration and General Bnllcr. touching the tccraking of troops for the New Orleans exposition When General Butler made his characteristic raid Into the Sixth Congressional District last summer, and pinched the nomination away from the regular succession'with non chalant audacity. General Schooler looked upon the proceeding with disgust, and In stead of bottling his wrath like the rest, poured it into a public letter, in which he stated that the candidate notoriously had no residence, as by State law he should hare, in the district he aspired to represent. The letter created no effect, excited In fact very little comment, and in a week after the elec tion the people had forgotten it. But General . Duller never forgets or for. gives; and presently a pressure, sdeh as be so well knows how to organize without be* coming himself too prominent, was brought to bear upon the Governor. Should the State have an Adjutant Gcncrabwhodared to grum ble opcnlr at the nomination of the party In hi* district? If there had been a pressure both ways. Governor Bollock wonld proba bly have remained quiescent. but not being like bis predecessor in office, of a strong mind, and being urged by ope of tremendous will to a comae which there was no one to oppose, he speedily yielded, and General fcLoubr was relieved awordincly. The lime he asked to complete the military history of the State w the war, pro vided for by the Legislature, was not granted—was refbsed, • * indeed, with scant courtesy.. And here begins the blander which was worse than a crime. Tne Governor might have removed any of bis sub ordinates, and nothing-would bare been said beyond.* little Interested circle; but he unwisely put his reasons npon paper with a .pen of fluent candor; and directly ha Is the target fbr a thousand arrows. The Demo- cratlc papers arc quick to see the IneonsU- I tenry, and the Republican papers treat the whole matter with regret, and do not hcsl-1 tate to admonish the Governor that he has made a mistake, that party discipline was never rigorous la Massachusetts, and that the right of an individ ual to bolt a local nomination Is one of the great safeguards of Republican ism In free New England. Thus General Butler adds to his reputation as the man of power, whom none would wish to have for so enemy; thus General Schooler, who was gilding into oblivion, as men of common place character and second-rate calibre do la communities like ours, is made a martyr of, and rises again to prominence: and thus 1 Governor Bullock, who has made his way i through life with distinguished succcas by never opening his month except with an ora tion oi elegant, rhetorical phrases, or an allable personal 'greeting, undoes in a day s indiscretion the results of long, prudent uon-coromltUllsm, and falls many degree* m the estimation of a public only Just begin ning to estimate him at his trne value. TBS SOLDIERS* MOJTOSIEST AFFAIR ■WhiIe the State gossips over these bits of folly In high places, the city la various questions of economy and extrava gance In its oww-local administration. The chief of these in the public estimation Inst now centres on the schemeifor a monument on the Common. The sudden in crease In the estimated cost after ground was "okra, from *IOO.OOO to *100,5)0 r.lher turned the stomach of the municipal legisla tors and of the public generally; and the fact that the architect at whose door the remark able blunder Is laid, Mr. G. J. F. Bryant, Is concerned In tnc erection of the new City Hall, which cost several times as much as the tax-payers were first led to ex pect, contributes to the fcelingluthe matter. The City Councilors are angrily debating whether to make the new appropriation and countenance the apparent swindle, to throw the respon sibility of decision upon the shoulders oftfae next year’s Board, to diminish the expense bv omitting some of the details of the pro jected structure, or to abandon the whole project. The architects of the accepted and offensive design hare resigned in high dudgeon. And meanwhile those Inevitable people who, whenever a memorial monu ment or a cosily work of art is proposed, ex press a preference forspending thomoncy for a charity hospital, or for prosaic bread and butter, are popping up with communications appropriate money for such a purpose, and whether it has any authority for putting any structure on the Common; and amid all the pother, the only thing which seems certain is that the corner stone will not be laid, as proposed, on New Year’s day. MI!. OEECUER AXD ths lecture committee. Key. Henry Ward Beecher has delivered a lecture here daring the week, in spite of his

published determination not to enter the platform this winter; and it is whispered that his appearance at last was the result of a very vigorous contest of wills between the pastor of Plymouth Churota and the commit tee of the Mercantile Library Association. The committee paid Mr. Beecher, last Au gust, tbe nice little sum of three hundred dollars for bis lecture, to bo delivered this autumn, and took his receipt for it. After- wards tbo distinguished orator decided to give his winter evenings to writing a story for the New York Ledger, and to' break all his lecture engagements by simply returning the money paid. Other associations consented; this one, having made Mr. Beech er’s appearance the leading feature of its course, and sold its tickets on the strength of hUmgagenient. retused to release him; and after a long and occasionally bitter struggle, the persistent refusal of the Mer cantile Committee to take back their money and give up Mr. Bcuchcr’s receipt resulted in his coming here with the best grace pos sible, to deliver his only Icclnrc of the pres ent scasau. NEWSPAPER NEWS. The only very notable change brought by the Xe" Year to the boston press, Is in the case of the Saturday Evening Gautle. a weekly of considerable ag« ami high standing,which occupies a held by itself, anil is indeed our only Sunday paper of much importance. The gentleman who has been Us editor for the last score of years, and who, his fither having founded the paper, came -Into the position by hereditary right—Mr. W. W. Clapp—leavee the establishment altogether, and takes with him Mr. B. P. Shillaber, world.tcnowncd as “Mrs. Partington,” and one of our most gvtlal. humorous writers. The helm of the Gazette falls into the bauds ol Mr. George B. Woods, a graduate of the Daily JdvertUrr oflice, and Mr. Clapp is to devote his whole attention in future to the to which paper he has given sevetal hoars wotk a day for some time past. There have been two deaths among the fraternity of the Press during the past fort night. The first, that of Mr. Charles P. Bosson, a veteran journalist, who had given hie pen in tnrn to the service of half tho pa pers of the city; who could do most of the departments of newspaper work with ready case, and presented the singular phenome non of a devoted Radical and old-time Abo litionist who was willing to write In support of any cause or clique which happened to employ bun at the moment, and do it with all the vitor of sincerity; a genial, whole scaled man in private life k and having hosts of friends, 'flic other was Mr J. Frederick Marsh, an editor in years gone by, but of late years only writing as a dramatic and musical critic. Both were in the prime of life. Loth apparently in robust health, and both died suddenly, one without a second’s •warning, from disease of the heart, the oilier, alter one day only, from hemorrhage of the lungs. VARIOUS MATTERS. The papers record a bit of detective work managed on tbc principle that prevention is better limn cure, quite unique in its way. The officials of Adams Express Company betc in charge of the wagon running be tween their oflice and the railway oration with money parcels, suspected two men of having designs upon them; and the detec tives. a:ter watching the doubtful persons a day or two, decided to arrest them. A Htuch found no mure dangerous weapons iban a little parcel of cayenne pepper in t»'« pocket of each, which the arrested meu raid was for medicinal purposes, but which tbc officers felt sure was for the purpose of [blowing into Ihc eves of the drivers of the money wagon; so the portraits of the two ngucs, whose designs were thus frustrated iu advance, were taken for the rogues’ gal lery, and the nun themselves put on board the train for New York. Removals and appointments at the Custom House are common enough, but reinstate ments ralbcr tew. We have two of those thia week, due to the Secretary of tbc Treas ury* who Pas seen fit to repudiate two removals of Republican officials, made by ll.s Collector at the instance of the Demo cratic manager of Presidential patronage in Massachusetts, and has appelated the same two gentlemen to their offices again. The tluatres seem to grow more and more dull every week, and the extraordinary ae tl» U j of the first of tbc season appears to have r> suited In positive lethargy. Tbi only things approaching to the nature ol novelties announced for Christmas week arc tii.'revival ol “ Faust and Marguerite” at tbc Boston Theatre, wltb Mr. J. B. Huberts as Mcpbietopbcles, and tbc production of “The Peep U’ Day” oa a spectacle at tbe Museum. Revere. Ifc ad Stereos fromab'omhcrn Point of View. [From the New Orleans ConmerelaJ. Dec. 19. j We have lavished a vast deal of abuse on Tlicd Stcicns and bi« friends in Congress, without allowing that the principal figure in the group bad a single redeeming feature. Our people have been flattered with the pic ture of this man as an old, uncouth, badly executed, and vindictive demagogue from the backwoods of Pennsylvania, bolding ctCce and wielding influence simply by (be force ot bis ultra opinions, and the obstinacy with which be main tained them. His violence has been attributed to lueses incurred by himself during the war. We committed the same error «-f judgment in the outset of the war, l<\ discrediting tbc willingness or the capa city of the North to prosecute the effort to subjugate the South ; and we made a simi lar mistake In supposing ihat any consider able minority of ino Northern people wonld forcibly resist tbc attempt to coerce tbc se ceded States. Tbc immense calamities which have resulted to us from the two first great mistakes should induce us to hesitate before forming conclusions that time and cxperince may disprove, possibly after great evils have resulted. Let ns form correct estimates of men and things before we decide on their worth. Give to Stevens all tbe credit he de serves, and then wft shall be better able to determine what degree of evil he can inflict upon us. Wc owe it to ourselves to measure forces—the brute and the bully ire wise enough to do so, and shall we be less prov ident than they. Stevens Is a lawyer of abil ity and a politician of great energy, an eda cr'ted man and an earnest thinker. There Is no doubt of this. His position in Congress . lives bis capacity. He Is a leading man in Pennsylvania by -gw fwte ot in tellect, and his Ideas are accepted with readiness by the Northern people. UeU a sender of tbc masses, and no one of bis en emits even accuses him of being less than a foot or more than a fanatic. Knavery is not charged to bis account as It Is to Butler’s; he is cot a chameleon, as Raymond Is. We know his position, and that lie will hold it. It is proper that we should understand such a man, and how be can be moved. It Is possible that tbe South has made a mistake in Stevens, as she did iu John-. sou. Probable she bas not made allow ance for his earnest ' nature, which, , like our own Impassioncdspecches, say more than the head will enforce. His oratory Is fervid,'and his sentences may be extrava "aut. We may find him a belter friend than some who bid higher for our influence- He hes but recently' defended Jefferson Davis from the assaults of malice and injustice. Ills fury withered petty .opposition towards a captive with equal indignation that It blared against recusant seces* -loa*«ts He proclaimed justice to the Con federate leader with the same vehemence that be demanded UJbrthe freednen. Con science opposed an cr-porf facto law for tbe inlurv of Davis; andaunouneed that no man could be punished as a traitor, for secession, because the law did not reach the case. Per haps he is a better man than the South has been lectured to believe. If he proves To be a friend, may we not accept him as we did the President ? - The Conviction of a Belative of General VTaablDCtonu It has already been mentioned that H. 3. Lewis bad been convicted in King George County, Virginia, of manslaughter, for kill ing Dr. Koee, and tentcncedtothe Peniten tiary for three years and six month*. A correspondent of the Richmond Dispatch writes: “The jnrv rromptlv recommended Lewis to Executive clemency. The unfortunate killing of Dr. Hose occurred dorlnglhc war- LewU, as has already been stated, Is one of »h*> nearest living relatives of Washington. is a grand nephew. He and Dr. Bose ban a personal ‘difficulty ft’om tome cause or other, and became bitter enemies. p be doctor challenged Lewis to meet him in a duel. Lewis declined the challenge. Shortly afterward they met »' 1 * store in King George, and au altercation ocemrtd between thenTof a violent nature, "Uch ended in the killing of Rose. Lewi* is a tan of Immense phvstcsl power, and when the mutual denunciation led to violence be advanced upon Rose (greatly his inferior in strraeth), pistol In trad, that It slrnck Bose so forclkly ontM nra „|, CB 4 killed him. Lewis w»a »■«•<'“ “° rc ‘| CMC d In prison. Shortly aficrwar ‘n "“S'iW unfortunate errat were both <Pf Wgll ■ tlrc ‘ r fend was one of great bitterness. FROM MICHIGAN. Onr Detroit letter. Tbe Political Situation—The SnfTrage Question— J h« Coming State Coaven ‘ non - I>emocr*tle Scheming - Two Railroad ProJccla-CUrlatmaa-Slelglf Ing and Amusements. [Correspondence of tbe CWcaeo Tribune.) Detroit, December 25.1e63. Tbo political situation in Michigan offers Utile that is new. We arc waiting for the meeting of our Legislature, which will take place at noon on Wednesday, January 2 the day after New Year’s day. Against that time the claimants of contested seats are preparing themselves with witnesses, affida vits, documents of various kinds, and the proper and improper instruments of the lobby as well as tbe fleor; and cliques and combi nations are busy canvassing for tbe Speaker ship of the House and Secretaryships ol the Senate and House. I might predict who will bo chosen Speaker, but 1 will not, lest unex pected combinations should defeat my pro phecy and ruin my credit as a soothsayer. In the Democratic comp the question of nnlve;sal suffrage Is still tbe absorbing theme. Tbo chiefs and their organ have not been able to come to an nndcrstandiug, or to de cide upon a definite course. Tbe organ will nol change from the old tactics without se curity against pecuniary loss, and the party has been left out in the cold so long that It has no money to spate for the purpose of promising- uiwxge,* wucre- | by the direct issue may be avoided. The prospect for accomplishing this, Inasmuch os the State Convention for revising tbe Con st.tution Is certain to consider and decide the suffrage question next summer. Is not prom ising; but-the brightest wits or the Democracy have token bold of the prob lem nil derptrandum. The Convention will be overwhelmingly Republican—of this there Is no doubt. The suffrage question will bo the prominent issue—of this there Is nodoabt. If the- Democratic party ventures to make an open fight, in tbe election for members of the Convention, for its old platform of preju dice and caste, and tbe exclusion of colored voters, tbe Republicans will sweep the State, and secure impartial suffrage—of this there is no doubt. It is hopeless to oppose this conclusion in an open party contest. What then? The most promising programme, sec- . Ing that the Democratic organ will not come out now* for universal suffrage without being secured against pecuniary loss, which the party leaders have been able to concoct, Is a plan to fight in the Convention for the sub mission of the suffrage question to the peo ple separate and apart from tbe rest of the new Constitution, so that the adoption of the new Constitution may be voted upon without a change in the suffrage, and tbe proposed change in the suffrage may he voted upon separately. In cast; this scheme wins, the Democratic party leadcrs-think they can stir up the old prejudices, on this one issue, flai.ding alone and distinct from other re forms in the organic law, with some hope of .-access. 1 think that, standing aloue by itself, the decision ou this Issue will be in favor r friinpartial suffrage. But it will not be submitted separately. There is no good reason why it should nol be incorporated into the new Constitution, as an integral part of the entire system, and the whole thing submitted to the people at once, espe cially as tbe character of the whole, as well as the decision of this particular issue, will be decided in the' election of delegates. Therefore this Democratic scheme will not work. The vole on the election ©’delegates w ill be a lull vote. So will the rote on tho adoption of the new Constitution. But a vote au a single point, separately submitted, might be a light one. The friends ol equal rights in Michigan will be caught iu no such unbulti d and apparent trap os this. A number of railtoad schemes will be discussed by the Legislature tills winter. Two important projects are—the one known as the Grand Trunk line, which is projected as a continuation of the Canadian Grand Trunk from Port Elnrnn to Chicago, and the other the old Giand Rapids & Indiana line, uom Fort Wayne. Inuiaoa, to Grand Rapids, Michigan, and hence north eventually to Grand Traverse. The Grand Trunk project contemplates a new line across the State from cast to .west, connecting Chicago directly with Montreal, Portland and Boston, and giving her another great .through route to the seaboard. As this pT'ojcct leaves De troit on one .ride of the route, and mensur al)'y out In the cold, It Is not warmly favored here. Tiic Grand Rapids & Northern Indiana Rue has been some twelve years struggling to get started. A good deal of work has , been done on tbelinc'; but successive failures have discouraged the public considerably. The line crosses tbc Michigan Southern, the Michigan Central, and the Detroit & Mil waukee lines, running due north and south. It completed R will connect the richest portions of the State—the gypsum, lumber, and grain regions—with Chi- Ccgo, via either the Michigan South ern or tho Michigan Central. It will enable Chicago lumber dealers to reach Muskegon, Newaygo, Grand Ilavcu. and other lumber centres in Michigan by rail, r?a Kalamazoo, in winter or summer—a emit advantage to that branch of business. Reports of these and other projected lines will be teede to the Legislature, and your reeder* shall receive a full synopsis thereof in good time. * The holiday week in this city is quite lively. More Christmas presents of value have been civou this year than ever before. It Is stated by gossip that the principal Jew dry establUmeuts in tbls city sold twenty thousand dollars worth of gift goods yester day alone. Ail the main establishments iu the city at which goods suitable for holiday gifts are kept, were fairly crowded from morning till late at night, the day belore t.hrisimos. Tbc gift business this year grew to an actual mania. Gifts were bestowed ui on cvcrvbody—even to the latest and least of acquaintances and comparative-strangers, as well as upon friends and relatives. Wc had lino sleighing lasi week, and the city was olive" with bells and gay with sleighs. Bnt, on Saturday, it began to rain. Sunday it rained all day. Monday the air wa*s warm, and the sldgbirg gone. Monday night, however, it froze solidly, leaving the roads beautifully smooth, and a few Oakes of fresh snow fell. To-aay, Christmas, the wind blows n fresh gale, and it snows at inlcrvtj-, £lth a prospect of more good sleighing’ by to morrow, at least. In the ime of amusements the city is dull. Bandrannn is playing a second week’s en gagement at the Alhcowama bnt |m U mis erably supported by company. The Webb bisters ore playioir their second week at Young Men’s Hall. They also are poorly supported. ITie truth is, the thea trical companies of Detroit area poor bur lesque on acton?—even for a country place. I do not appreciate those of Chicago anv too highly. lour public knows they aie'very interior in tbc estimation of ajl who have ever seen good companies: bnt the worst company I ever saw in Chicago was a con stellation cf bright particular stars, com* pared with the best in Detroit. But never mind; Ulstoii Is to appear in Detroit before in Chicago, which, in tbc opinion of enr people, is as proud a boast as though we bad cclinsed your wonderful tunnels, sind excelled your Oi>era House. Therefore let not Chicago boast herself muchly. Mica. THE LA3URAXDE TEIAL. A Scene In Conrt-Wbat tbe Accused Paid to ills New Turk Lawyen-i I'teuca Advocate bi Opinion of taese Lawyers. f Paris 5) Correspondence London Dally Ncws.J Lamirande. when interrogated by tbe President, confessed that be bad robbed tbc Bank of Prance ot tbe fall sam of TDi.OOO francs, which lalald to his account in the in dictment ; that the abstractions were going on for nearly three years, and that every day ■during that period he submitted toM. Bailiy, tbe manager of the Poictiere Branch Bank, a talalfled balance, but for which his frauds must have been inevitably discovered as fast ■ls tb«r woroeozatnitted. Bis system was to take rovhcrtx of gold and replace the coin by silver nieces in bags, which were supposed to contain gold. Be took a sort of credit to him self for not having taken care to make the bags of proper' weight, had he done which he said his deliications might hare gone On for ever undiscovered. He expressed contrition for his crime, and especially because It tended to throw suspicion upon his respectable chief, If. Bailiy. Ttrc examination relative to what he had done with the stolen money is extremeiveuriuos and interesting. I sub join a translation from aa authentic report: Q. 1 am now going to ask yon a question which has not yet been put to yon, because you fled from the Justice of yonr country. What did yon do with the money? A. In the first p’ace I am quite sure that I gave as mochas seven thousand francs to an English interpreter, who, in return, informed against me. Then lam persuaded that I was robbed of three securities, of the value of 10,000 Irenes, at London and Liverpool. I was weary, I had passed severe! nights, as many os nine, I think, at play—for play bas been roy ruin.- Further, I trusted s sum uf six thousand francs to a Canadian who was going home. Q. That money bas been restored! A. Yes, U has been given to the bask. Q. Wtatncxt? A. I spent a great deal ofmoney at New York—somewhere about Q. But yon must recollect that yon have upwards of TOO.OOOfr. to account for. A. 1 cannot tellwhathas become of the money. At Acts Tork I had to do tsUA toim advocates, to trflom 1 entrusted lOLOOO/r. 1 agreed with them that if 1 did not resist the extradition they wonld send ISO.OOOfr. for me to make restitution ol in France. Q. So that they kept 56,000 fr. for them selves. Did they give up this money ! A. The police agent told me that when be threatened them with a prosecution thev sent the Bank of France 20,000 fr. Q. Yon yourself have given hack some thing? A. Yea; tho amount stated In my memorandum. Q. Go on with your narrative. A. Before leaving France I gave money to two women. Q. You are yet a • long way off from the sum total. A. Ah, but the money I gave to mv American advocates. il. Lachaud—Ob. they are no advocates. The President—Yes, they are New York advocates. M. Lachaud—No, they, are* not wbrthy of such a title. They arc thieves’ accomplices. Q. Well, Inow tell ns what yon have done with the surplus ? A. I cannot tell with out doing an Injury to Innocent persons. Q. 1 cannot understand that- Yon must answer. It has nothing to do with the ques- Hon ot Issue, but It U « qncstlonofmorality? A. I cannot tell. Q. You refuse? A. Yes. M Lachand— Will the court allow me to speak ? I have a make. n»i' President—You cau make your revela tion In your speech, *^ cha “ d ». but w ? cannot again do arhal m did yesterday, and ask the prisoner continually whether he agrees with his counsel. Lanilrnnde—l«refusc to answer. After some farther questions about the debts which the prisoner bad paid, a highly sensational scone occurred. M. Lachand, af ter rising several times to speak, and being told as often by the President that bo must wait till the examination was closed, ex claimed, stretching out In his hand a bag of money-1 have more than a revelation to make. 1 bare-a act of Importance to the trial which must- now be made known. My client tells yon thafejbe cannot say what has become of some of the atolen money for fear of Injuring Innocent parties. I have here In this bag 110,000 francs, of which I now make restitution In Lomlnmde’s name, and I now hand the money over to the counsel for the Bank of France. M. Bourreau (the counsel)—l do not feel authorized to receive it; but here is an offi cer ol the Bank of France who will take the money and give a receipt. M. Lachaud—We do not want any receipt. Here is a restitution. [Great sensation In court.] Q. You have still, aflerall the explanations vou have given, 280,000 francs to account for. Your counsel has just given up 110,000 francs; what has become of the remainder? A. I cannot say. * Q. I cannot understand what Interest you can have in making this restitution by your counsel instead of frankly admitting that yon had the money in answer to the question I • had just now put to yuu- Lamlrande—My counsel waited for a favor able moment. M. Lachand—One word— The President—Oh, M. Lachand, it Is quite unnecessary. M* Lachaud—l bee pardon ; it is most •necessary. The prisoner neither knows when 1 bad th«s money, nor who brought it to me. My learned friend, who is with me; 1 M. Lepetit, and myself alone know. The prisoner confided something to us which led us to use bur utmost endeavors to recover some of this stolen money. We Lave recov ered tbv sum just handed over in the face of • the court. -“Who has the rest f” wo asked the prisoner, “I cannot tell you,” said he; •*1 will not bring that- person to sit side by Tub X'csiunA*^' ftWt Utn wail tartun ex planation to exonerate you personally— M. Lachaud—Oh! there Is no question about that. M. Lepetit—We alone know where the money came from : the prisoner does not. M.‘ Lachand—And I wish to say that I would not have* given him the money in prison. We have restored HO.OOOfr. I only wish it was in our power to give back the rest. ftThe President—This leads me to repeat that Lamlrandc would have done better for himself to have answered candidly when 1 examined him. This closed the prisoner’s examination. The witnesses called merely proved whht was not denied. SAMA ANNA. His Official Correspondence with our Government. lie Is Supposed to be Insane. BAX7A AXTTA TO SB* SrwAHD. {Translation ] Euzabetupost, N. J., Slay £I,ISGtJ. Sin: Upon ait I vice In the United States of America, ccccmpilrbkg one of my most constant tleMrcs.u Is very plta»antu>metoiulfUtbe first of my unties l»y presenting In my character of Mexican citizen toe homage of my profound re sp<ctto the government 01 this (neat and happy ration, and the expression of my particular sympathy towards your Excellency in person, and thrungb your medium to the President of the republic. No>be!i g able at present, as was my purpose, to co and do this personally, 1 hive commissioned those who may do so. in present in? my friends Don Abraham Dios and Colonel Daito Marncra. They will present this letter to your Excellency, and bo pleased to accept tneir representations.as my own. The object u( my coming la to place myself in the way to discharge my doty as a Mexican Central,to fight against the foreign and despotic government v. bleb at this dav rules aline capital of my country, and to reinstate in place ot It the Constitutional It publican government. B» offering for this pur- Sore my service# to the'cmlacnt p-tilot. ner.or narez. who is now at its head, and by placing my nl< under bis orders, 1 consecrated to my country the betterpart ofmy tifo ; ulus heaped npoa me iavors end oMinctlon, and 1 anxiously desire that ray last service oar oc to fight once more tor iu intlt.-petiaci.ee and to re-Cstabltsb tho Republic which 1 first proclaimed lc lais; to set the licitl example of the obedient soldier and disinter ested c:t:xon : to rcror.cile parlies tor the sake ol the whole nation, and to die withdrawn from public affairs, and beloved by all my fellow-citizens, such I.- my ambition. 1 appeal most ppes«iaelr to the sympathies of the Government or your Excellency Jnbchaii of (hat just cause, asking tbaliimay fa vor it wi.h ita powerful aid, and 1 hope my con duct may be applauded by your Excellency. In the same sensei write It to Mr. itomcro, oar zeal ous and patriotic representative. 1 have lire honor to offer to your Excellency the assurance of my highest consideration and per sonal esteem. A. L. dcsasta Arcs a. Ills Excellency William 11. Seward, Ac., &c. Washes ctox. 1). C. Document yo. 3, JJVtJUUILU. ,(Ut J, srson masevda to am. rnznsmcK sew Ann. [TrandaUon.i WAsmsoTojr, May 26,1606. Pear Sir: Yesterday afternoon we gave Mr. C hew tbe letter iron General Santa Anna to Mr. Scwarrt. und, as to-day we bare been absent from iliotctt!, v.c dOLH know whether Mr. Chew has been kero lo let n« know when wo shall orwtut it to Mr. Scv.axd. if there is no objection, pray tc*pJea*cd io let os know what has been your father's drcblcu. Your very obedient servant. (Signed) Dakjo Masxcha. To ict Secretary: iMcaoisndum.J lleSecmary will, for the present, reserve him self lu ri-rard to tbe cotnmanicatioa of General S.in:n As: a. 9* lecoyulzn*. however, the per '! tel kiudti'ES of theoeueral. After a time Mr. may r.cnr to the subject. [Memorandum.] Co’occl Ma*enra was b>ronned by me verbally of the loregclnp. and he replied that be would have teen glad lo na> a visit oi courtesy to the Pi esideot auo the Secretary o( State. (signed) I*. S. Cmrw. Dfctca t'Cth May* 156*3. . Docnmcm No. -1. • PASTA AXSA TO mu SEWAItO. New York, June SO. 1846. To His Excellency Una.*Win. U. reward; Hill please receive Captain H. S. Hctiage as a •pedal cavor on meet important business ot mu tual IraereH to the two republics—tbe United States and Mexico. Captain n. ST UeUngo Is accredited with 101 l power to net as If t were piefcui. and 1 hereby confirm a<l treaties made i.y Am (ur royselt I trost the Honorable Secre rtryof Stat-will discover in the proposal or my . envoy cause of great interest and advantage lo :hc United Slates; and Inwiloc that they may meet with favorable atiemloD. 1 ask formveo \ ov* 3rd the ptopoHttaus for myself through him, tbe bianlest protection. With sentiments of my mcri distinguished regard. I am. raithfn'ly yours, f. atercally, (Stgucd A. li, db Santa Anna. KOTZ BY UK. SEWARD. Jew* 80,1886. let < aptaln Ritlngc be informed that tbe Exec utive Government holds iß'«rcour*e arfccting tbe relations of the United Slates and Mexico otlt with Accredited representatives of the Republic ot Mexico, (Signed) SVuliam n. Seward. Uccuuunt No. 5. OAXTA AHNA TO XU. SSWAItD. New Yobk, August 1?, 19SG. llj» Fxcelleccr William 11. Seward, Secretary of Slate, Wubinpton: HEAcSaf: Ihe political trials In Mexico ha; arrived at a dm:ax, ard 1 can no longer remain Inactive, and net endeavor to contribute towards the salvation of my country. Welle Juarez, Or tega, and the ch eD of various Lands are dlspfl- Urg amour tbrmsclvea the rich: to govern, ay nmortoneteconntrTisnnidlydteliniQE: and from acvkea lately received It is certain that ilaxinr.llaa is contemplating leaving Mexico, in whien event tec country ulumoit assuredly be planned into anarchy more terrible l Can Las yrt been experi enced. From ibis destiny I wish to save my coup* try, and seam in the expulsion oi the last foreign Layopet ai.d the tyrannical dominion of Fracce. Should we cow succeed in oar endeavors, and ovee more see Mexico free, and my countrymen reinstate me in ihe highest position within their gilt. It would allot d me Ihe greatest pleasure to i cclprocate all your Kindness and show my grati tude to yoor Government with a Ilbenu Hand, should your Excellency desire a personal inter view with me, 1 shall be willing to undertake the journey, preserving, of coarse, all possible pri vies during the tame. 1 have the honor to be your Excellency’s obedi ent servant, A. L. nx Saxta Assa Document No* 6. XU. SAW ABO TO PASTA ASX A. Detabtxxst op State. I WAsms ctos, Animat is, 1355. f The Secretary of Slate has had the honor to re ceive from General de Santa Anna, formerly Pres ident of Mexico, s communication, in which he Mates that Le wishes to vlelt Washington, and that be will be pleased to know if he will he re cetvedasaprlvmte gentleman by the Seoeary of State, ihe dlsttopaiahed remlctaan Is hereby in formed that. Inasmuch aa his attitude towards the Republican Government of Mexico, with which toe Called Slatre maintain diplomatic intercourse, u> pronounced by the President of Mexico to be nntrlekdly towards tbe Government of the Repub lic, a reevpdoo of tbe General to any character at toe f resen' lime by the Secretary of State would Le iecomparable with the settled practice auo habits ol tne Executive Department or the Culled States. (Signed) W»-H. Sewauo. Don Aiitotlo Lopex de Santa Anna. New YorX. Docnmeut No. 7. DOXASTOSXO LOPEZ DC SAXTA AXXA.Jft.,IO XU. srw Yobx, December 7,1556. Ecn. Wb. H. Seward: MtDkauSiu: 1 am tbe nephew of Santa Ana, the Mcxlas-Geseral. and as als only nephew now near him, am bvend m all omy and conscience to aee that be anfiera no Dana from designing per sons. I have int&cieot gnmnd* to ma«.e me be lieve that the General la not faithfully 'served, and that hi con? eqcecce of trusting to representa tions erred upon mm. he may lose not only hla reputation asd It's tort oaf, out. even more, his life in a mistaken enterprise I therefore am driven to take this Hum of addressing myself to yon, and I hex von. not as Minister of State, hut upon your generous instincts as a man rtadj to ala a fdlo ‘•mao. to tell me if tc may be none wl’hoot detrtmen* to the public in terests whether the Called States Government is treating with my nselo. Uto General la reference to Mexico. The General believes and la aeOn* under the hclW that such a treaty exists betworn him self and the Government. out I don t believe mat be In person baa ever cut aa accredited agent of the Gorernmea», and therefore it Is that 1 ora; you for such an answer to Ibis, my respectful ta qalry, as xusv esablo mo todlsabase his mlod ana save him from dangers to which his present ill advised course must expose him. 1 hare the honor to he, very respectfully, yoar obidient servant-. . - • Axromo Lons ox Saxta Abba, Ja -1 have requested an American geoUemjui to wrtie this letter, at my dictation, because of ray tio*beioe familiar with the language, l add tils note that a letter addressed to Mr. Antonio Lopes de Santa Anna, Jr, at New Y ork Post Office, wlfl reach me. “ . AXT.SXO Lofxx pb Saxta Axsa, Jb. Boenment No, S, XU, SZVAtS TO SOX AXTOXXO LOtSZ SZ SASXA AXXA.TB. Detaktiut or Stain, J WAsn is stoic, November S, 16G0. f To Ar.tenio Lopes de Bents Anna, Jr„ New Torts Fts* I have received your letter of yesteraay representing yonrsdi lo be the nephew of Genenu Antonio Lope* de Bents Ann*—formerly Presi dent of the Mexican Eepnbllc—that yon Pare rea son to believe that the Government is not faith fully * erred, bnt ihst, owing to Improper Influ ence, he may lose his rcjwtauoa, hi* fortunes, and even his lire in a mists ten enterprise. Yon then ask if this Government U treating with tbs Gene ral upon.the subject of Mexico. In reply, I have (o mionn yon ifcat the Government has not recos nixed any other Mexican authority, or held cures pcodeaceorei-tcred lalo zwfiouailoas with any other than tbit of President Don Bonllo Juana. I am. air, jour obedient servant, i am, » , / . Wnxuui H. 9x wauu. Document No* 9* m. erwAUX* to xa. gotntrKxr. Dtmnm or State, i Washes qtojv, November 8. 1N53. j To Samfltl O'. Courtney, Esq., Attorney of the Cnitea httlei/or the boaihern District of Now original of a letter addressed lo me by a person signing blmseJf Antonio f-opez de i-ania Anna. andT ss yon will see, chiming to be anephew of tin General of tint name. .My re ply lo the same is also enclosed. II is desired that you should ascertain whether or not there Is tttcb a person es the writer of the letter, if there should oe, the answer may bo poetrd. If there should not be any such person* 1 will Uisck joo lo return the letter and the reply lo this depart meet. 1 am, elr, youroteeient servant, Wulluc n. bxwASDi Document No* 10* xn co cutset to xb. *xwabu. Omcs or the dmtbict Attobsst or rax) Übitzo States, rou tds Soutbs&x i DtrrnicTorNEwYoiuc, f New Yonx, November 16,1885. J To Bon. William H. sewtrd, Secretary of Stale. Sib : 1 have the honorto acknowledge the re- ceipt, on the Tlth instanl, of yonr favor of toe Bth instant, respecting the enclosures, Ac., ol a letter to be posted to Don Antonio Lopes do Santa Anna, Jr. After making diligent inquiry, I ascertained there is such a person as mentioned id yonr letter, and he Is represented to be the nephew of Son Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. I have, in accordance with your instructions, deposited in the Port Office at New York, the lec ei yon enclosed, directed “Scnor Don Antonio Ixpc* de Santa Anna, Jr., New York.” I enclose herewith the documents mailed to me, except the letter above teierred to. .... I nave the honor to be. sir, yonr obedient servant, Ssaxuxl G. Cocktjvbt, United States Attorney. MEXICO. Important French Manifesto Against Maximilian. Buaine and Caatelna*** Opinion of the limperor’* Conduct—rwparuUon* for War, Ac, iCorrespondcrce of tho Xew York World.] , ilmni, December IS. The French steamer Panama, which ar rived here yesterday, amongst other news, brings the Important declaration cmanatu g j from thnthiee chief French authorities— , Marshal Bazalne, General Castelnau. and the of Mexico, aug emanated from the French legation: • ''treii cA LegcHon—QSirial Communication*— Ibe official journal ol tac Empire of November 2P, has published an article intended to explain vbat nas been the object of me Emperor Maxi milian in calling hla ministers and council of stale to Orizaba. This article has been only in serted in (be non-offldal part of the paoer, bat it u known to bate been transmitted by telegraph by tbe minister, which- was anxious to burry its publication. PuUUooplnion has by U been justly excited. knowing that the Emperor Ma&tmiiiaa presented as tbe determining caoses of an event cal renouncing of his not. er: Ist. Tbo stem of a»u war in which the contftry exists. ‘M, The posstblltly of a Franco-Amerlcan In tcrrcndCD io put a stop to this civil war by chanc ing the present luslUnUoiiS. “Ibis latttr supposition mar apneat strange, coming, as it Las, from a council which can find uu safe place wheio to deliberate except where protected by French baronets. It is necessary to ic-establlsh the truth of facts. Prance tus not to . interfere with respect to tic government which It nicy ’■uit the Mexican nation to give it-clt Hav ing come to Mexico to protect lb use of its cation, ami animated at the same lime by a desire to pat sn erd to a senes of disorders from which ail equally suffered, it would have wished to see, definitely established, that farm of government which otters. In Us eves, the greatest guarantees of stability. Far from having done anything to change the present intiuntloua it bo* impuscu cn nse]f In order to maintain them, tie mofet disinterested and useless sac rifices. Tbe exceedingly bad state in which Mex ico Is olnnged, can tn uo manner be al'riouted to France. Her agents Have remained entirely for eign to tbe sudden delerniinailon taken by tbe Emccror .Maximilian to leave bis capital, borne cf teem knew nothing ot It, except through tbe notice Inserted in the official newspaper, No body, however, la Ignorant that at a lew leagues distance from Mexico, the Emperor Maximilian wished to tsaue formal abdication. Daring tho month vhEh has jest passed, be bas reverted sev eral times to this ides, and has only been prevent ed from doing £0 by the entreaties ot those of his tnlte. Orders for bis departure bad been given, and ships awaited him for soma time at j Vera Crux, the greater part ot tbe very ad visers viLJr « present surround, him are io the most absolute Igcot&oco of the intentions of . Us .Vaicety. The French officials have been neither consulted or informed. However, the Emp. ror Maximilian, having Imparted to them bis cesire of obtaining from Hem Important con cessit ts before llitrg upon some final resolution, they bosttccd to gram, such, ills Majesty ten dered bts thanks to them. For the prospect of on eventuality which appealed to them imminent, butuhicli they bad not provoked, they thought over the measures which they bad to take xu or der to guarantee tbo interests of all, both Mexi cans and foreigners, deciorl* g that ibey would have 'be Mexican cation arbiter o' Its owudeaUny, and would notclaim to Impose on iumy fora of government. Vo tbb France has limited fits part, la the presence ot the altitude taken by the imperial Government, such a pai t la much simpli fied. Thet do not wish to take any share in sel fish schemes u hich would have no other effect than to rekindle hatreds and reanimate the dell war wilcb Ibey have desired to extinguish; they will not trouble themselves fox tbe future, except tor the vigorous execution of their tu-urciions. To disentangle in me most tboroag.i manner the re sponsibility ot their Government, without consid ering anything except the interests which are In cumbent npou them, and to prepare as soon os possible for the complete departure of the expem titnary coips.” The document has no signature, but, be yond a doubt, proceeds from the source al ready indicated. APEALLIS« CATASTROPHE, Wreck of tbe nrtlbh Bark Coya at Pigeon Point, wnlle XZoanrt from S>oncy to Kan FrauoiWo—Only Tiirce Person* oat ot Twenty-nine saved. (From the Alla Californio, November S9.J STATEMENT Of GEORGE UYR.VE3. The Iron bark.Coya, or Liverpool, 513 tbas remitter, laden with coal, failed iron* Syd m-y for San Tranclsco on the 23d day of September, ISCB, with twenty-nine persons on l*-ard, including crew and passengers. When we were Out twelve day*, we lost a teaman named Peter Johnson otf the jib* boom, and used all endeavors. but could not pick him np. Called at Pitcairn Island, Oetoucr 'l'Jib, and left same day and proceeded on our voyage, Alt went well until November 241 h, all of; which day and day previous wo had very thick and squally weather, and no sights. On ibis evening, according to dead reckon* ing, we supposed wc were near the Fanil* lone light, and standing In under easy s,iil, cloec-reefcu fore and main topsail and top* staymil; about o’clock p. m., we were, all down at tea, when the second mate re- j ported laud on the lee bow. Captain False came on drek, and immediately ordered the ; ship to be wore round. Shortly afterwards breakers were reported right attend, and the ship coming round very slowlv, when all of a sudden the struck very Heavily on the rock*, and swims around broadside on. The eea kept lifting her from rock to rock, crush ing her bottom in. She had at this time made considerably nearer shore, and we all gave onifelves up for lost. Ttx sea commenced breaking over the bows, carrying everything before it. The boats were swept away by this time. The passengers were all on deck now except Mrs. Jeffreys, who bad been confictd two days previous; The scene now was something fearful; the main deck, being torn up by the pressure Irom the water underneath, made one of the most frightful noises ever beard, the ladies screaming and being washed away one by one, and drowning under the lee ripglrg, One of the ladies, Mrs. Rowden, bad a iife-bnoy on, which Dr. Rowden gen erously took olf himself and gave to his wife, tbcrebv throwing nearly all chance of hU own life away to try and save his wife, but H wa> of no avail. A tremendous sea now swept aft, and carried some more p -or tellrws-to a watery grave, and cleaning ev erything off the poop. There was a move upon the skylight being washed .off level with the deck,.and Mr* Byrnes smashed down head first into the cabin. The ship at ibis time gave a very heavy larch and set tled over to the windward, with the mast on a level with the water. What few re mained now were about ten in number, all sitting upon the side of the taffrail, the eea now breaking over us very often, until we began to get numbed in the limbs with the cold,' as at this time no one had on mare than a shirt and trowsera, ready to do their best for shore. It was enough to pall the energies of any man when be looked to the leeward and saw what a trail man bad to contend with. Nothing was to be seen to leeward but a moss of hissing foam dashing with fearful violence over the rocks. The cod of the last few that were now left on the doomed-ship was fast approaching. There we sat, looking death In the face. Some were making prayers to the Almighty to . assist them-, while others sat in mute despair, but not a cry of anguish or a word "was-to be heard, even when tbe ship commenced crashing up from forward and coming aft to act us all adrift on tbe wares. We did not think that one would be left to tell the sorrowful tale.. AH of us are now tossing about on the wild bit* lows. 1 cau count five struggling In an eddy that is whirling us round and round, grasp ing at anything that comes In their way, one man catching hold cf another to save himself and both going down; His all self now. But out of the whole company, only three are to be saved. Tbe first that Is thrown on shore is a young man, Walter Cooper, who clings to a piece of Urn her with death’s grip; the waves dash blm nnder for a few seconds; be comes np again and rides on shore on the top of a wave. The next one on the re was Mr. G. Byrues, a passen ger, who had a life-buoy on. He had a great struggle, the waves rising up over him three times, and burying him under for several seconds: he was nearly carried back with the recoil. • Tbe last of the unfortunate men that came on shore was Mr* Baiwtow, First Hate, who bad a cork life-belt. He had been sitting to the last alongside the Cap tain and Second Mate, who wanted him to lash himself on to the taffrail, tbe same as. i they bad done, and take the.chance when tbe ship broke np of being washed ashore; but he refused, lie bsd a hard time oft It, the belt not being buoyant enough, and he had to get tbe assistance of a board to keep him np. He was very badly hurt among the rocks, but a friecdly wave landed him on i shore. They that were saved had great dlf* I flealy to crawl out of the water when they were landed, were so benumbed with cold. *• ~ The three survivors metaflerthey got on shore and passed a most'ncnlierable night, huddled up together on tbe sand, not being aware of any habitations being at hand until daylight broke, when they saw fencfti and cattle a mile off, which tamed ont to be on Messrs. Fish & Camp’s White House Rauche, fry wbom they weie very well received and lodged. After they bad refreshed themselves they went down to the beach to look for the bodies of thelrArfortncate shipmates.' but. only cue was JoUnd, viz.: Mrs. JtffreySv whom they buried as well as tbe state of things wojsld permit. The place where the wreck occurred is about sixty miles to the south of san Francisco, and’within half a mile of where the Sir John Franklin was lost some two years ago. Captain Charles A-Bonuile, of Aajfwta, M.?., recovered a watch recently which was stolen from him sis years ago in - Liverpool, Enelaad. He was in a concert room at the time It was stolen, and immediately-made the fact known to the de tectives there, who. after six years, succeeded In Ending It. THE CAfIDIAK EETOLUTION. Details of ibe Flghtlns at the Convent of Arcadton—Cbrlsilan Barricades made Id Front *»f ibc Cells—Aaaault and Advance of theTurk-v-The Pow der Magazine Fired bytbe Defender* and an Indiscriminate DefliracUon, Ac. [From the New York Herald.] Amiss, November 29, i 960. Intelligence received yesterday from Candia brines details of the aifalr at Arcadlon, telegraphed upon the 25th. Arcaeion Is a convent situated In a, strong position la the Department ot Rethymuoe. it was occupied altogether by five hundred and forty persons, three hundred and forty three ot whom were women and children, leaving one bnndred and nxnety-scren men capable of hearing arms. Coroneos does not appear to have been in the place, as was in correctly reported. Upon the 29th Mnstapba Pacha left bis headquarter at Eptscopl with 12,000 men and advanced upon the convent, demandiogtthe surrender oftbc garrison. The Cretans re fuged and the Turkish artillery Immediately opened a tremendous fire upon the place keeping up the bombardment two days and ™ A breach being at last effected in the walla the Turks, who had suffered heavy losses,, poured Into the convent court. Thu was surrounded with small cells, in which the Christians bad barricaded themselves and kept up their fire for six hours. Finding all resistance Ineffectual, the de fenders of the convent formed the desperate resolution of setting Are to the powder mag azine. A monk applied the match. The ex plosion was tremendous, hurting Turks and Christians into the air, strewing the neigh borhood with corpses. Two thousandTork ish foldiers were killed on the spot and large cumbers wotlbdcd. Thirty-nine men and sixty women and children of the camsou were all that escaped. These wcr £ taken prisoners and carried off to Rctnymnos. The wounded Turks are being dally brought into hospital. Canea and Souda have received upwards or a thousand, many being officers—among them being Mttstapha Pacha’s brother-in law. The army la reported to be much dispirited by this disaster. In the department of Canea, Zimhrakakw, i Dined by the corps of Byzantios, Is still at Jracona, some leagues from Cauea. He re cently made a reconnolssance up to the gates of that city, causing great alarm among the Turkish Inhabitants and garrison. In Hiracllon Bescbid Effendi, the Turkish commauun, to *llll at Ayos Myron and Coutsoua-. The Turks have burned seven villages in the district of Malevizlon. The Cretan chief, Machel Corneas, by way qf reprisal, has committed twenty-seven vil lages in the districts of Missara and Ke uoaryotothc dames. The Turks have set a price of 500,000 piasters ($25,000) upon tue capture of Coroneos, and a reward of 500 Turkish livers (about $2,250) upon that of Cotacas. Mustapha Pacha. whose army is not at present in a position to resume hos titities. has ordered the troops of Ucschld Effcudi tu attack Mlssqra. THE FEMASS IS CASADA. Tbit to ibe Prisoners In tbe old To ronto Jail—Their Dcsmutr Appear ance* Without Clothes or Shoes—Con versation with Lyncb and Jlcnahun. [Correspondence of the New York Herald,] Toronto, C. W, December 20,13G5. In company with the Hon. M. Thnreloa, ■United States Consol, 1 visited the Old Jail to-day, and I need scarcely add that the Rev. Mr. McMahon, Colonel Lynch and the other Fenian prisoners were dclichled lo see him. A description of this miserable hostile boa been to otten given that I will not trouble you with it; suffice it to say that it is a dull, monotonous, dreary and badly constructed edifice of three stories In height, with small burred casements two icet broad by three In height, which scarcely per mit the light 'of day to penetrate Into the dismal 'corridors. On entering the hall, which Is lit by gas light, the guard room is cn the right hand, where, on benches seated around wire a number of soldiers of the Seventeenth Regiment, who farmed-the guard. Ascendh-g the stairs, on arrival at the first flight, we value to the Governor’s room. The Governor, Mr. Severs, was ca joling his »tlum cum difjnitale at the time, but on entering be ut cncc jumped up ana in the politest' manner possible eoudueted the Consul to where the prisoners arc at E resent located. Having unlocked and un filled a massive iron door, we entered a cor rider to the left of the passage; it was about fort)-throe feet long by three broad, with eight cells on cither side, and lighted by a small window at one extremity, by the light of which 1 perceived tvo people seated at a small table and a third-looking on. Colonel J. B. Lynch and the Kev- McMahon were the first two named, and J. the deaf man, was third. On rccojnl/- *— lug the Consul, who brought with him a number of magazines and papers, the prisoner*: expressed much pleasure, and during half an hour T had ibe pleasure of havli:g-an Interview with these unjustly per secuted men. Lynch states that since they 1 ave been in jail neither he nor any other of the prisoners have received any •assistance f-orn the funds of the Fenian Brotherhood. The House of Providence, under the direction of the Sisters of St. Joseph, a Roman Catho lic order, have furnished the Rev. Mr. Mc- Mahon and Lynch with palatable food every dey fur the last six months, and to these la* dice alone arc they Indebted for assistance. They are at present without money, and but badly olf for clothes. Lynch showed me the original letter which was sent him by Colonel Roberts. It is dated November JJO, and was received by him lust Wednesday, lie did not eme'* coincide with the writer in all bis aenu- * minis. i On the smalt table at’which they sat the sole articles were a pitcher of cold water, t«o glasses, a breviary, a testament, two" prayer books, and an image f Christ. The Consul having bid them farewell and as sured them that be would see that they and the other prisoners should have a good Christmas dinner, we proceeded to the !e*t of the passage, where we entered a corridor " in which the other four prisoners under sen tence of death were placed, ' It was nearly dark, and a lantern bad to be procured in order to see who wc were speak ing to. In this department arc Imprisoned School, Quinn, Magratb, and another. These men are fed cn the ordinary diet, which is most miserable ; but they look (at and well. Their clothes are lo rags, and some of them had on no shoes or stockings. Descending to trie flr.-t flat wc visited the remainder, who have not vet been tried. They all have a pale, wan appearance, from slender diet and for want of fresh air, and ore also In a miserable con dition as regards clothing. Most of them bare nothing on their feet, and many have nothing on them but tbe tattered remains of the garment* they wore at Ridgeway. Oa hearing that they were lo get a good Christ mas dinner of roost beef and plum padding from tbe American Consul, their joy waa unbounded, and tbe thanks tbit the poor fellows expressed (or tbe kindness was suf ficient reward for the liberality, which prompted It. Although somewhat pulled down by conflement, and not having a halo and hearty look, the prisoners arc compara tively lo good health; but if any one who b&s their interest at heart would furnish them with some comfortable clothtngduriog the inclement season, nothing would be more acceptable or gladly accepted. ISDIAS OUTBAGES AT THE WEST. Fight between a Party of Indians and sn Overland stage Gcsrd. The following letter from W. J, Hill, ferry man ot OwhyLee, Oregon, to:beOwbyhee Aralanrhe, and published in that paper of the 17th ult.j elves an interesting account of a light between a party of Indians and an overland stage guard, which took place on the Bth Of November, between Humboldt, L tab, and the Ferry: “OntbeSkh Inst., about 10 o’clock, a. m., the Humboldt stage, on its way to Virginia, when within four miles of the Owhyhce Ferry, was attacked by Indians. There were six persons on board—Wash. Walter mire,. driver; James Mcßea, guard, and. four passengers, named J. Gotland, P. Casey, D. Harrington and W. Wilcox. They did not suspect danger near, when they were fired into by a party of In dians, who Jay concealed among the rocks, and behind a fortification whicn they had erected so as to completely screen them selves from the sight of those in the stagey “ Vaab. put his favorite mustangs (Town to their greatest speced, and would have suceedcd In reaching the Ferry without more injury than what was caused by the first volley, boMbcre was another party of Indians on horseback, further along, who kept shooting at them and striving to head them off and surround them, while the party that first fired at them ' were comlnw up behind. With steadv nerve Was hi ran his horses while Hcßac fought the red devils, and keeping them at bay for a dis tance of two miles, until -one bf the wheel horses was shot dead and two others badly This, of course, stopped the stage. 'When the first volley was fired, Wil cox, who was silling on the front seat inside the coach, received his death wound by a bullet which entered bis breast near the right ■nipple, and passing out at his back, also striking Wash. In the aide, inflicted a slight though rather painful wound. Wilcox ex claimed ‘ Ob, my God, Pm. killed,* and bis head sank over and rested on Harrington’s knee- where he breathed his last. “ Harrington was shot in thelelt hip, the bullet ranging up and passing out at his side, going through some six inches of muscle, producing a bad flesh wonnd, bnt it Is not considered dangerous. When the horse fell' dead the, boys unhitched the otherthree, one of them getting away from them. They then started for the terry, about two tulles distant, leaving Wilcox drad in the stage, together with the mall, baggage, d:c. The Indians seemed determined to prevent their escaue, and continued shooting at them* bnt Har rington, with great difficulty, hobbled olovg, and they reached the ferry about 3-o’clock, completely tired out. Four of ns from the station, with Sergeant Brown and eleven men, who arc stationed here, imme r . *!? to the scene of the action, u , devils had already completed their work and escaped. They dragged WU CO j the stage, stripped, scalped him, and cut his heart out; also taking with them the blankets, etc., belonging to the passen gers, awfl cutting the mail sack and scatter- ozuoug the sage brash. ) t>°dy of Wilcox down to the decently interred by the rlvarrington is htreand bis wound His fellow passenger Holland is here also, taking care of ma lt Is a foot to be lamented that the pas sengers were not armed. They all concur in bestowing great praise upon the driver and guard, by whoso presence of mind and un flinching bravery the remaining lives of all the party were in all probability raved. The •stage Is running all right, and the Indefati gable Charley Bams. Beachey’s division agent. Is here to-night with a new lot of bovees and plenty of barley. He has men armed to ihe teeth running with the stage, go that, notwithstanding the recent trouble, passengers can consider themselves as safe os at any time daring the season.” Tie trial of Geon» W. Cajle. Alabamian charged with inciting tb* mnrdet ot the late la mented Lincoln hy an advertisement offering a reward for his body, »u been commenced m Montgomery, hot ccotinaed lo the next term ol the court.