Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, December 30, 1866, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated December 30, 1866 Page 2
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Chicago entrant. DAILY, TBI-TTEIKLY AYD Vi' EEKLY, OFFICE, No- 31 CLAUHV4T. Tttere are three edition* or the Tincn issaed. lit. ■Xt«7 docnlic. fie tareaUUoa by earner*. aewtmts a&S the mall*. 94. The Tn-WirKLT. Moadtj-*, We - Bred*r* a&d Friday*, ror th» malls only; and the WamT, ooThortdsya, for the *e*n« and tale at oar Coaster aadbr eeirnaea. Terms efthe Chicago Tribnne: Dally asllTCTtd la the oty (per wb*k> .8 35 *• **-*•• tper toirtcr).*.. s,9d Daily, to icslt niheeriber* (per ascuai, pays. advance) 112.00 Trl-weeWy.(per aatm, neyasle la adrasn) 0.00 weekly, (per atm tan. pt;ib.c Is advance) 12.00 IF - Fractional part* of the year at the same rates. IW Per»on* irmitUu and ordenuT fire or more Copies of either the TrMVeettr or Weekly edlUoat, may retain tea per cent cf the sohacrlpQoQ prices* a CnmmUsion. hOTIC*T3 SUBSCUBm.—4c ordering the sldmi cl yoorpmpen chanced, to prevent delay, tw sure and specify whst edition yon take-Wectiy. Trt-Weekly, or Pally, aim, streyoamsaerrandfatoreaddre**. tr Money, by Draft, Expre**. Money order*, or to LcUcra, m»ybe*cattioarink, Addreu, TRIBUNE CO., CDlcaeo, 111, SUNDAY, DECEMBER SO, 1863. THIS ILLINOIS RIVEB, The Illinois River is navigable at hlch wa ter from Us mouth to near Joliet, and,, ex cept at low water, to LaSalle. The general change which time, and the cultivation of the soil have made, in reducing the volume of water In all the Western rivers, has had its effect upon the Illinois, and that river has now only about two months In each year when it affords certain navigation for steam ers of any considerable draught. Shall this highway made by nature be permitted to fall into disuse, or shall it be preserved as one of the great channels of commerce f The feas ibility of seeming, during eight months of every year, a slack water navigation suffi cient to admit the largest steamers to the head waters of the Illinois River, has long since been demonstrated. The number of locks, the number of dams, the amount of filling and of excavating, the amount of ma sonry and the amount of labor, necessary to accomplish this result, have all been calcu lated, and the cost of the whole reduced to s. statement la dollars and cents. It was a grand mistake of the projectors of the canal to connect Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River, that they did not give more attention to the feet that Lake Michi gan at one time found a southern outlet through the Dceplaines and Illinois Rivers. The high banka and broad beds of these rivers were never made by the volume of water which they have known lu modern times. - Had the £late instead of building a narrow canal one hundred miles long, from Chicago to LaSalle, placed the necessary dams and locks? upon the Illinois to its head, and thence on the Desplaines, there wonld have been, with very'little digging, a steam boa’. canal, formed by nature, largo enough ard broad enough, and supplying itself with ‘ atcr, from the lakes to the Mississippi. In deed it ?s questionahb now, whether It be 1 t advisable to follow the Dcsplaincs from - point near Lockport. and by locks and cams upon it and the Illinois, secure the t end of eteamboat navigation, with only I .-. !i!y miles of thcprc-eai caaal to be en- larged. Be all JMs as it may, it is demonstrable that the Illinois River, at-a comparatively small cost, can be locked so as to secure steamboat uaglvatlon to the mouth of the Kankakee. At all events it is, we think, advisable to adopt tbe policy of using the river to as high a point as practicable. Chicago has undertaken, for sanitary pur poses, to deepen the present canal so os to let the waters ol our river and lake find an outlet In that direction. If the Legislature shrink from the cost of enlarging the whole canal from Chicago •lo LaSalle, let them accomplish the next best thing, that of locking the river up lo the mouth of the Kai kakec, and extend the Chicago projector deepening the present eaual to that point. This will save ail work on the pres ent canal lor at least half its length; it will secure navigation for steamboats at least to that point, and will enable tbc present canal to be navigated by steam tugs drawing their fleets of canal boats. The improvement of the Illinois River to the mouth of the Kankakee, will be of direct profit and convenience to all those counties lying upon ibo latter stream. It will be bringing navigation almost to their very doors, and Kankakee City will be In as di rect communication with the Mississippi, by water, as Chicago will be. It will save a large expend) tare of money, and will, to the extent that it is made a substitute for the enlarged canal, serve the great end- that Is sought,—a route for the transportation of freight that will be wholly within the control of the State, and which, by afibrdiog compe tition, will serve as a.wholcsome check upon railroad monopolies. If the river were Im proved to the extent of being navigable dur ing-the season, tnc canal question would soon adjust itself; and the Lcjflalaturo, wtikh, It l« possible, may be far behind the people on this subject, may at least summon courugu to provide for the improvement of that river, no matter what may be done with the canal. The greater part of the' Work might be constructed within the next two rears, and the immense practical benefits re sulting even from that much would be so evi dent that ut the following session of the Legislature there would be no question as to the propriety of going on w«th the other portions <*f Ike general scheme. In making these suggestions we aba’.c nothing from our previously expressed con viction that the immediate construction of canal and slack water steamboat navigation between the lakes, at Chicago, the Missis sippi liivtr, at Rock Island, and the Lower MUtbfiipp: by the Illinois River, Is a measure erg uni} (Utnutidvd by the wants of the peo ple row gtuan'og under the oppressions of Irßtirpoitutiofc monopolies. Wo believe that the expenditure neccj>sary for that work won’d >avc to the people of the State the entire co.-d in a few years, would add double that mm to the value of the lauds within thirty mile? each side of Us route, and would give to the producers annually, In increased prices for theis merchandise, a hundred fold the amount of tax they may be called upjn to i«y for its construction. The Legislature can-devise no scheme of finance, no plan of gain to the Slate, in any way equal to that which Is Involved in the cumdmction cf these canals. They are not sectional works. They an? to build up Il linois ; to make the highways cut out by na ture available for the trade and commerce of our day ; to bring olj the cities and counties of the Stale into direct commercial inter course, ; ud to enable every man having any thing to Bell to choose hla own route, and furnish him with a cheap and direct road to that market. Till: PiHDOMMi POIVGR. It has been stated by certain newsjiapcre that Senator Trumbull, Id his recent speech on the i unioning power ot the President, down the doctrine that the Constitution centers no power on the President to pardon offcncvfi against the United Slates, before trial and conviction. The full report of the speech, which we published yesterday, f hows that ibis is an entire misapprehension of tbc Senator's position. So far from taking such ground, he explicitly contended for the contrary doctrine. **A jMirdon,” bo'«»id, Is a remission of the crime or offence, and “not of the conviction, and may l»o granted “as well before as after conviction.” Of this cuv be no reasonable doubt. As the Senator remarked, it waa settled by tbc Supreme Court years ago, and was the doc trine of the English common law, explicitly elated by Lord Coke. The Cou-utntlon confers upon the Presi dent the “power to grant reprieves and par “ dons for offences against the United States, “except in cases of impeachment.” This clau-c Isas frequently been the subject of ju dicial interpretation, and Mr. Brightly, in his Digest, sums np the construction placed upon It by our tribunalsu follows; “He (the President) may pardon as well before trial and conviction as afterwards. And af ter the expiration of the Imprisonment, which forms a part of the sen tence. he may grant a conditional pardon, provided the condition be com-* patlblc wiih the genius of our Constitution and laws. Where the condition is such that the Government has no power to carry It luto effect, the pardon will be in effect un conditional. The pardoning power ioclndca tbat of remitting fines, penalties and for feitures under the revenue laws, the passenger laws, the laws prohibiting the slave trade, fines imposed on defaulting ju rors, for contempt of court, and In criminal cases. And tbc same power is pos sessed over a judgment after security for ita payment shall have bceu given as before. Bot the President has no power to remit the forfeiture of a bail-bond ; nor U teems, can As, by a pardon, defeat a leyai Interest or rvjftt uAfeA hat become ratted in a private ciitscn, {or example, the rested right of an officer making a seizure. Toe grant of the pardoning power neither requires nor authorizes the President to re examine the case upon new facta, nor to grant a pardon upon the assumption of the new facts alleged. A pardon is a private though official act; it most be delivered to aud accepted by tbe criminal, aud cannot be noticed by the court, unless brought before it Judicially, by plea, motion or olh erwlsc. The President alcne can pardon of fences committed in a Territory In violation of acts of Congress. He has power to order a ncVe pro*rqui in any stage ol a criminal pro* cecdlng, in the name of the United States.” It will be teen by these derisions that the pardoning power of the President stands upon the solid basis of the Constitution, on. tirely beyond the reach or control of Con grtsa. But neither In the Constitution nor In the decisions of the court* is Un-re any at lUrton to any power in the PreUdent to pardon by proclamation, or issue n general amnesty. Indued, the pro nonm-cJ doctrine of the court that a par don i* a private act, acd must be delivered to and accepted by the criminal, would seem in preclude the idea of wholesale pardon. That power, if it exists in the President at a:l, exists by virtue of the thirteenth section of the act of Congress of 1802, which de dares that “ the President la hereby author “ izedstany time hereafter,by proclamation, t o extend to persons wbo may bare partici pated in the existing rebellion in any State or part thereof, pardon and amnesty, “with such exceptions, and at such time ‘‘and on such conditions as ho may deem Expedient for the public welfare.” It was under this provision that \ilr. Lincoln offered amnesty and pardon in different proclamations and on certain conditions, among others that of taking the Iron-clad oath; and it is contended that any person who can show that he complied with the conditions of Uyt proclamation can plead pardon, and Is entitled to all the advantages of a personal pardon, delivered and accented. If such be the cose, there is a wide difference between the power con ferred on the President by the Constitution and that conferred upon him by the section of the act of ISG2, which the hill advocated by Sir. Trumbull proposes to repeal. This difference was the principal ground of the Senator's argument in favor of the repeal. He said this thirteenth section is broader than the Constitution; It authorizes the President to grant pai don and amnesty by proclamation. Let the President have “such powers os the Constitution gives him, * * * but let us not be a party to conferring any additional powers or any additional facility upon the President to grant pardons to per* (tons engaged in this rebellion, who have shown themselves, alter obtaining pardon, so undeserving of the mercy which has been extended to them. Let os repeal that danse * * * and if the President does continue to pardon rebels and restore their property by individual acts under the Constitution, let him do so without haviug the sanction of Congress for bis act.** These reasons for the repeal of tbc law In question arc cer tainly sound and substantial. The par doning power has been so grossly abused by Mr. Johnson that he should be limited strictly to tbc authority conferred by the Constitution in its exercise. Meantime it is clear that all who have purchased property regularly confiscated by the courts and sold under their decree, can not be divested of their title. In France, un der the civil law, a man convicted of trea son is held to be dead in the eyes of the law, although physically the criminal may be In, the full possession of life and vigor. His estate Is forlei*-ed; if he has a wife she Is regarded by tbc law as a widow; If he bos children they arc held as orphans, and all this time the deceased husband andCither may be as hale and hearty as ever, and eat ing and drinking as merrily as though tbc law had not declared him to be dead. If l-ortloiied, the law restores him to life, but it d<*es uut give him any properly or rights that have meantime vested in other parties. If his estate has been sold he cannot re cover it. It his wife, during his. fictitious r«-pOfC in the grave, has married another, u pardon dues not restore to him any ol the rights of a husband. In this country the law adopts no such fiction, hat it never theless protects third patties, innocent pur chasers who have bought property under the lawful decrees of a court. The title given by the Government, under its confiscation sales, cannot lie set aside by the President, any more than can a deed duly made and deliv ered fur a consideration. THU ERA OF A.K7IIES, The series of battles io Bohemia coding la | the overthrow of Austria at Sadowa bad no j sooner been fought, showing the astonishing j efficiency of the Prussian military organiza tion, than a sense of Insecurity came over every other government In Europe. From the middle of last summer to the present hoar the question of reorganizing and re* arming their land forces has been uppermost in the thoughts of every European cabinet. Special commissions arc everywhere at work devising and adopting new means and meth ods of attack and defence. Everywhere me chanical genius is trying to contrive im ps oved fire-arms. Everywhere official exper iments arc making with an endless variety of old or recent inventions of breech-loading guns. Everywhere In the legislative bodies, in the press and other organs of public opin ion the great problem of the day is being elaborately and protractedly discussed. The eventual result of all this agitation of questions of military reform, produced by the triumphs ol the Prussian organization, drill, discipline and nccalc-guo, will be the remodelling of the military establishments of most of the States of Europe. Of the so called great powers, every one has already rt solved ui-on changes, in accordance with the lessons lately taught by their Prussian masters. Though their resolves arc still of a general nature, and have not yet matured into definite moa Mires of reform, it Is obvi ous \U&t the aim of the duTcren*. (lnvi*m areola Is both to Increase the nurab.-r of their military forces to the greatest possible extent, by assimilation to the Prussian sys tem of traiuiug a whole nation to amts, and | to add to their numerical strength bv arm ing them with the most perfect and dujtrac- ! ;:ve weapons to bo contrived. To jndae fn>m present appearances, there will be, In a sh<-rt lime, a greater number of tralnci sol diers than ever before. It may be that the greater number and efficiency of the soldiery with the contemplated reorganizations, may make future European wars a-> short as the :utc one in Germany. But it seems al-*o cer ium that, fur ars to come, instead of approaching the halycon days prayed for by the friends of peace, mankind is drifting into an era in which the temple of Jam;., will be always open, or ready to be op ;o ;d, am! that a sort of modernized C.esarhtn will regulate the destinies of the peoples under u;i‘Datcbial rule. Prussia, herself. Instead of quietly resting j »m her laurels, has been busily engaged ever ■ since the return of )>uac*e, in augmenting the ! martial power that placed her at the head of the warlike nations of the Old World. The ; conductors of her public uilairs, with the I same remarkable energy they displayed . during the crisis of last summer, hare al- * rtady finished the delicate task of fneorpo- \ ruling the military resources of the annexed < Mivereigntles—Hanover, llr*se-Cassel, Sas- I jau end Frankfort-on-tLe-Main—with her own. So quickly has tire Berlin Government i done this work, that already troops from the new dependencies, whose cottingenU fbngiu the Prussians but a few months since, form ■ fully organized parts of the Prussian army, j King William, indeed, finds himself now at I the head of an army, araltabld for immediate I field service, of thirteen army corps, repre- I sentiogan aggregate strength of nearly CONOCO : men, instead of the ten corps with which j be went to war against Austria and her con- i federates, and this exclusive of the Landwehr of the first and second levy, used for garri- 1 ton duty in time of war, amounting to abont 1 three hundred thousand more. With the full organization of the new North-German Confederacy, to complete which, al the earli est possible moment, the Berlin authorities arc making every effort, the contingents of its various members will also become organic parts of the Prussian army, and add to it, In active and reserve troops, abont two hundred thunsccd additional men. King William will tben be prepared to entsr upon another war backed by no less than 1,100.000 soldiers. Of the powers, bent upon rc-organlzlsg their armies in order to brine them up to or even surpass the Prussian model, France takes the lead/ The Emperor being himself a military authority of the first rank, has taken under his personal supervision, the task of raising the French army to a higher standard, both as to numbers and armament. The trials of breech-loaders take place under his own eyes, and he presides over the delib ei at ions of the commission, composed of the first military talent and experience France i possesses, that has been In session for some ' weeks. According to the best informed Paris p apers, It Is all bnt certain that the commis sion wi!l adopt a plan, under which the Em pire will hereafter have a force of 860,000 men of all arms In constant active service, with a first reserve of trained soldiers amounting to 4SO,tWO men. and a second re serve, to consist of the National Guard or militia, of 240,000 more, making a total of 1.00,000 men instead of the present strength '750.000) of the army on a war footing. Austria, notwithstanding her utter pros tration, has likewise already taken the first steps towards an efitlre re-organlzation of her broken-down military system. If the money shall not be wanting to party oat the com prehensire schemes of her Government, and if her rulers succeed in keeping the strange conglomerate of nationalities from going apart, she will have an army In the course of a few years, far larger and moro effective than that with which the encountered Prussia and Italy. Rnssia is about addins some three hundred thousand men to her already vast army, by the new levy of four recruits to every thon* sand inhabitants, recently decreed by the Gear. The work of arming her standing foices with breach-loaders has also begun. The Russian autocrat is evidently determin ed not to remain behind Ids Eastern neigh bors In military progress. Id England, some time will yet elapse be fore the military reform* projected by the Government will be practically carried out. But the signs are positive that some radical changes will be made In her military estab lishment in the face of the universal re-or . iranlzatlon on the continent, with a view to : maintaining her position as a first class power on land as well as at sea. Italy, too. It Is already apparent; will not be slow in effect ing a reorganization in keeping with the new part she Is destined to play in the world. And the Scandinavian kingdom, Belgium nrd the Netherlands, B'lvaHa nnd Wurtem i-.urg, Switzerland, Spain and Portugal, and even little Denmark, are following in the wake of tuc larger Males. Before the late collision between Prussia aid Austria, the strength of the standing armies of the leading States of Europe was as follows; Franc* Italy Prtueis nufeia Attaint England Ucrmaj Confederacy... Spain ••••. . Turkey Scandinavian Kingdom To*al. By adding theforces of Portugal, the Nelb. crlands, Belgium, Switzerland, and the other smaller States <jf the Continent, to the above aggregate, a grand total of nearly five and a half million men will be obtained, as the entire strength of the soldiery of Eu rope. ‘WHh the realization of the existing plan for an Increase of the several armies,- this immense number will. In all likelihood, be swelled to not less than seven millions. The aggregate amount of the military budg ets Of the various States for 1865 was over five hundred millions of dollars. It may be safely calculated that In less than three years every soldier in Europe will carry a breech loader. The Introduction of new fire-arms will alone involve an expense oi many hun dreds of millions, and with the contemplated numerical increase, the annual cost of main taining the “props of royalty” will be per iiiaoeully Increased to $750,000,030 per annum in time of peace. When will the nations of the old world be tired of bearing these crushing burdens, and dispense with the crowned heads for whose benefits alone they are imposed t GEKEBAL BIBNEPS SPEECH. The address ofGefleral Birney before the Morris Convention, on the subject of the Cost of Railway Transportation, contained some remarkable errors in estimUlog the expenses of running a train on u railroad. Take this extract for Instance: “Did ;on nodes bow many person* were em ployed on tbs train on which you rode ? Take them all, engineer, fireman, connector, brakemco and baccate-master. Their monthly salaries wonld amount to probabir f-360; while fuel, oil and Usbt lor the same lime may be reckoned at £100more; and jenalrr, taxes sad roadwiyaetbe remainder of CSUU. Supposing twenty-sir trips, this wonld give lees than f2D sa tho cost of run ning a panencer train through from Chicago (o Rock Island.” Tbe idea oi running a paasenger train from Chicago to Rock Island, IBS miles, for a total expense of S2O, is perfectly ab«urd, and shows that the General has not Investi gated the subject very closely. The mere cost of fuel to propel the train will amount to twenty-five or thirty doliara per trip. The wages bill for engineer, fireman, con ductor, workmen, baggage-master, and the pro rata wages of switchmen, station agents, watchmen, track repairers, telegraph opera tors, nud machine-shop repairers, will amount to three or four times the sum Gen eral Birney states. Take the whole year together, winter’s snows and spring’s floods, as well as summer and autumn fair weather, the prime cost of a trip for a train from Chi cago to Rock Island or back, can not be less than $l4O to $l5O and this too exclusive of wear oi track and bridges, and the wear of the trains other than ordinary repairs. The first cost of trains of all kinds, on all the railways of England, where fuel and la bor arc cheap, arc shown to be sixty-five cents per mile In gold, which wonld be near ly equal to a dollar In our currency. The English estimate of cost is as follows : “ Maintenance of way and works, 11 ecu’s; lo comotive power, IS cents ; repairs and renewal of charges. 17 conla ; rate* and taxes, 3 cents; duty, 2 cents; compensation for personal injury and lo*i‘ of roods, 1 cent; legal and parliamentary ex pt-m-i. . 1 cent: miscellaneous worKioe expenses, 4 cents; total, 65 cents.** M :'kti*nanrc of way and works on our slightly bnllt roads Is considerably greater than in England on their more eoditrlngly constructed railway*). And locomotive pow er (fuel) and operating expense are consider ably more costly In the West thin In Great Britain. . We don’t believe it possible to run passen ger and freight trains on Illinois railroads, the year round, for one dollar per mile for the distance travelled. But catling the first cost a dollar a mile, it can easily be shown that the present tariffs for freight and passengers are much too high. Suppose a train of three coaches wliii seventy-five pas sengers at $0.50 each, runs to Rock Island from Chicago, the proceeds will be $457.50. To this add say SSO for express matter, and ssotuotefor carry lugthe malls; total, $587.50. From this deduct a dollar a mile for cost of running the trip, SIOB, which leaves $41P.50 us the net profit of the trip, which Is mani festly too much and could be safely reduced by one-lblrd, and such a reduction would re sult in having 120 to 150 passengers to carry, Instead of 75. We deny General Bimey’s assertion that the actual cost of transportings passenger lo ike United States is but one mill or one tenth of a cent per mile. It Is absurd on its face. If every locomotive -on every trip had ten coaches with fifty passengers In each, tt would still cost two mills to the company with the use of the track and train thrown in for nothing. Tim d«»<l weight of the pas- aenpere as third-class freight, woald cost for each, a mill per mile. But after making full allowance fur ihc General’s errors, it is clearly demonstrable that font cents a mile for passengers, and five cents a ton per mile for produce, are extortionate rates on the public, which loudly cal) for .reduction. TUK FENIANS. Postural or Cardinal Oollea against pe. nlantum. [Correspondence of the London Times ] Dunux, December U. The pastoral of Cardinal Cullen, read la the Dublin churches and chapels on Sunday last, thus alludes to the Feuvan movement: “ihor.Rh oarfaU&ftil people are Coo much at- ) tacued to religion toallow systems which are cod- Ci-moed bj the law of God and man to spread widely among them. ynUisiobe regretted that cimstfisailcß ftom other coululq?, imbued with the spirit ot me present times, and advocates of ph'eical force and Molcacc, hare been laboring to' lotike them countenance stcr.-i associa tions or rcvolßtionary movements. Un doubtedly. thoM who nave been led a»tt»y, being fe» and powcrlrs*. and oßobtlmea ihcdnpt sot ibe intormcr.ttbelr movements can not attain any justification for that alarm which ea rns to have occupied Ibe public mind. And hoe let us observe that it Is very strange that the writers of the Orange prw« and others who are now dUtnrblne the country bv circuUting exag gerated icporu of Impending outbreak* were mott solve a few months aco in mcoaruginc danger ous >vi{ lDg>, and ptahing the hputt ot independ ence and mlr-taac.- to lawiul authority "lib "bleb ihe leaders «f a ikon tiring f»cti«n acre animated. , P ir equally strange that iho-e who, a rbort (Imo nco, gave a tiiumptani reception to the hero of : ill continental revolution-, Garibaldi, and who ! kave l-ecn the orotwtors of the great architect of | tcirul societies, Xazzint. should now i*e so lead ! ts the di-nLnda'ious of the men who are only : uaikiugiu tbc footsteps o: Iha-t* two Ido?? of | ike English p;c?«, and merely scsklng tor an ntportai-VT to ghe a practical illustration of thilr jitlcclJHei*. ibe Contradictions in which 1 V,.c writers referred to ate iba- involved appear to Ibo a ja*t*r< tiibniiun for their pa?l errors, aai for Ike warn of principle wfilcn made laemlocgetto no to others as they wont ! that others should do ! lo them. Bnt, however that may be, my advice to ycu, dearly beloved, is the name which I hare given you repeatedly during the laslflve years. Following the maxims of the Gospel which teden you to be obedient to the higher powers, keep a)oof fiom all troee who advocate violence or revolution, or seek to bring on a collision with tbu established authorities. The advocates of revolution, though th y talk JonJly, have no power, no influence, no IricndJ, no trcaiares,uolh ingthai could Salter them with ibo leas hope <n rncces«. If they attempt any nc<s of violence, il.e omy malt will bo that some property wey be damaged, some live? lost, &nd some de luded young men condemned to perpetual servi tude, and domed lo lead a life worse than death Itself. Kemember the advice given by Ireland's best Mend,tear anyone woo commits a crime gl«cs stieogth to the enctny. In conformity with ibsinualm vrcnm-i adnmtbat any one who has recourse u» physical force la only helping to pot ricccv m the pockets of tile informers, and giv ing an occasion to those who Indulge In Orange orgies to trample oa the lights of the country, and to nnhold Orange ascendancy. Bat, perhaps, some one win say that we have great grievances to complain of, awi that it is only by violence we c.n obtain redress. In reply, 1 admit that we hire agrealdriU tosuj.'er; but 1 repeat again that we rainot expect anything from physical force, secret societies or revolution, or any other menus cot blessed by lleavcn. ike employment of such agtndea might bring incv.table rain on the ccuuxtv. All your enemies, who bate your creed and your tece, would be delighted to see yon adopt vioiect measures, because by having re course to tfcem, yon would bring rale and dhgraca upon yourselves and upon everything that Is dear to yon. We can hope tp obtain redress only by Ibe nse of Unfa] and peaceable means. Pe’iuon, therefore, for theprotertien of the tenant, lor the diecrdowment of the Protestant Church, for a proper administration of the poor la***, for a strum of Catholic education, and for other rights. Bat lever undertake anything con trary to tbc Just lacvs of the country, nev er enrage In Bcere! societies which are so rxvere )v condemned, and visited with snch rigid cen sures ot tbc Cbnrch. -By standing upon the jus tice ofvour claims, J)y a.las no-, olser wuapons than those or reason and persuasion, by appeal ing to 'be sympathies of a large section pf the . English people anxious for reform, yon wilt grad ually obtain all yon require. Bui, even If your petitions should not be Itsiened to. lecoliect that by biarlng your snifrrixigs in a Christian'splnt yon will establish a claim to rewards in that bap ny conntry where ml?government and oppression mil be beard of no more. On the comrary. were yon to engage In deeds of darkness and violence, you might be called to yonx last account while ■ oSVndmg God, and lecorriog the censures of your Church—thus exposing your eools to be irrepara bly loet.” Tbe Supreme Court* (From the Albany Evening Joonnl.l The ■ New York JlcraM, in view of the re cent decision by the Supreme Court against military tribunals, and reasoning from the fact tbat a majority of tbe Judges are con servative in their impulses and prejudices, urges upon Congress a radical reconstruc tion of tbe Court, either by reducing or in creasing the number of its members, so as to bring it in harmony with prevailing sen timent- / The Copperhead newspapers' are taking & great deal of comfort from the Judgment in the case of Milligan and Hdrsey. Bat we fancy they arc figuring rather upon an as sumption of wbai Is likely lobe done, than beeatirc of anything that nas already been decided. The court holds? that la & State like Indiana—which was nfcrer in a condi tion ol revolt, which alwiys bad regularly constituted authorities, afctlng In harmory with the Federal Governmpnt—the Interven tion of military tribunals was noconstUn tionol. It doe* not hr aor means follow that the same principles would apply to a State which has been in an attitude of rebellion 'and warlike opposition to the Union, and which has now no government duly organ ized in accordance with the requirements of the fundamental law, . However ibis may be, the question of re organizing the Supreme Court Is one that bos long been debated by thoughtful minds; nnd (he wisdom and necessity of such a t-ouraewaa long ago urged by some of »mr bei-t jurist*. If Is an antiquated and fossil ized institution, fsUibiis'jed upon a plan that worked very well when the nation was In it* infancy ; but it has not Kept pace with the progress of the land, and to-day is rather a conservator of effete formulas and obsolete traditions than an exponent of the Constitu tion and the law* as they exist. The move meat for a reform in this direction, which tab commenced last winter, may safely he carried much further. .. 757.CC0 ... tmMwo . 650,000 ..1,100,000 .. 651,000 . 365,001 .. 350,030 .. 270,001 .. 380.000 .. 139,009 THE WOULD OF AMUSEMENT. The Opera, Drama aud Literature. .*,0(0,000 •Thf Opera Season—Bcriew of the TTeek —Perfumed Fn>cramme«-Tli« Smells of ca)e»eo-B«id on (be Wall Flow era—Cause* of the PhUbarmonle Fall* ore—Adah Isaacs’ Baby— If, p. Banks on the Stage—Some Words to a Chlea* eo Debutante—The Hntcbinaona— Skating and nuaeular Christianity— BJornscD’a Death—Perm bo —The On* climait Opera House—JLltcrary and musical matters. Cmoxso, December *3,1366. Kdiiora Chlcsgo Tribune: Have 1 been to the opera f Of course I bare. w It is a part of my religion to bear music as often os I can.. How was it done? Trovatore was done passably; L’Afrlcalnc fairly; Crlspino finely; Borgia so so, and Faust tolerably. Xrfirc, with bis splendid ac tion and singing, gave me something to re member Faust by, but Snslni’s Mephlato was too well conditioned. Brimstone is not a good fattener. Where there Is plenty of msccaroni and fan, as in Leporello’s case, Soslnils at home; but that deformed per version of human faculties, and that omnip otent spirit of evil which is in every vertex of passion and in every human endeavor, Is beyond Snsinl’s grasp. I cannot conceive why people go to see Faust unless It be from the prooeness of hu manity to go to the devil. I think every one of these operas would have gone off better had it not been for that awful orchestra. It is related that some time since a mana ger of a French theatre wanted an ass for a lairy piece. The long eared animal per formed his part for a fortnight and amused the audience with his blunders, but the thir teenth night he turned up missing. The manager bunted up the owner and pressed him to allow the ass to go upon the stage again. “No, gentlemen,” said he, “I’m not . going to let my jackass go on the stage again, I did not let my lather and mother know I had introduced oar jackass to public life, but Lord a mercy if everybody In Faria aint talking about our jackass and all my kins folk, even my father-in-law and mothcr-in* law arc reproaching mo for what. I have done; because, gentlemen, I belong to a respectable family and we have never before had ajiltut iu our family.” Since I Lave beard that orchestra play, 1 am confident some of that artluei* relations have got Into the Opera House -1 am charitable enough to allow also that u sudden transition from the warm weather, cholera and other luxuries of New Orleans to the frigidity of Chicago must seriously affect the sensitive tracbcos ol these siuging birds. lam glad Zrfre escaped. HU ringing high nolts arc as clear and bright as new silver dollars. Silver dollars arc coins that once circulated In'the 'United States. They had an efllpy of liberty on the obverse and a spread eagle on tbe reverse. It is related also that there were smaller silver coins, hut on this point authorities differ. Sliakfsch is an artist. Else he could’nt have itsued such iljottr of programmes ; dainty paper; ornamental type; blue and gold, and perfumed with Frangipannl, Nard de Montagues, Night Blooming Cereus, and uth'-r pretty smells, so grateful to Flora, Aurelia ana Celeste. Talking of smells reminds me that Louis Vcoillot, who wrote Let Par/umet de Jiome, where everything smelled savory to him, has Just written Let Odeurs de Paris, and made every nose In Paris, from Napo leon’s to the gamin’s, torn up In horror. Who will Immortalize himself writing Let Odturt de Chicago f What a field! There ore the amelia of the Chicago River,the smells of the packing houses, the smells of the distilleries, the smells of the glue works, the smells of the sewers, the smells of the dead fish, the amelia of the gutters, the smells of the streets, the smells of the sa loons, the smells of the people, the smells of the basin, the smelts of the alleys, the smells of the Opera Bouse, I have discovered forty-four dis tinct smells is this city, with several precincts yet to bear from, and that is two better than Cologne can do. But I return to my mutton. That Utile, jolly, genial policeman of the Opera House is a trump; more than that, he fi« a double bezlque. He made o raid on ihc nail Sowers In the lobby the other t-VCnltj;. It W*B * 4 !s«—*■ ** ranged along the wall so prettily, with open mouths «»d “><**. Investigating the ladioi, when Nemesis appeared, with a brightly beaming star on tils breast. He was gentle, but firm ; serene, but implacable; and the gents ” hsd to move on. Tmis did the law triumph over Imperil nonce. My friends of the Philharmonic are be ? wi-en Scylhrand Charybdt*. It iso danger on* predicament to have an Incensed ball be hind yon and an unpleasant dog before yon, Togo ahead is impossible; therefore they {.she that bull by the boras aud stand by tbc chances. In casting about for the causes of tbeir failure, hare they ever hit upon the fact that Fashion baa much to do with It? Three or lour years ago, music was no better. Fashion would cool her heels lu the passage way for ad hour before I lu- opening in order to get a scat.. Bat the fickle goddess has decreed now that the Phil haimonte Concerts arc not the thing to do. Which is the very best thing for mnsic, Now, let the Philharmonic people make no more appeals to fashion. Let them ap peal to the musicians. Glre os good, legiti mate classical music. Messieurs Managers, in chamber concert, aud the music lovers will support you. The ease is not hopeless. AdeU- Itaacs-Hecmm-Mcnken-Et Cetera- Barkley has got a baby, mother and child doing well. It is related that the child fran tically insists some one shall u bring forth the fiery untonu-dsteed.” Thus thecharac leiialicsof the mother betray themselves in the progeny at a lender age. Who would ever have believed that N. Pi Bunks—General, Governor, Congressman— hud ever belonged to the same profession with Adah Isaacs? Here it Is, from the Bos too Trantcript of June 4, 1839: XATIOXAL THEATEE. Mr. K. P. Bunks will make bie Ant appearance on •the Boston Slspe. Mr. Porter and Hiss K-Gsvettwill alio appear. This evening, June 4th. will be perform Bnl wrr's celebrated play of the LADY OF LYONS. Clande Melnotti? Hr. N. P„ Bunks Pauline Mrs. Anderson After which. Songs, Dances. Ac. Imagine the dignified Nathaniel dressed up with pretty ribbons rushing upon the stage, gnu In band, and shouting, “ I have won the prize, mother I Is it not beautiful f” F«ncy thcex-Governorof Massachusetts and Louisiana, narrating to Pauline the glowing beauties of Waltham, Mass.—fshould say of the 1-akc of Como. That rara am in Chicago, a debutant, has appeared on the boards at McVieker’s daring the week. Miss Gertrude Doccctt is tbc lady’s came. I could not be present, bat I am told she achieved quite a success. The newspaper critics go into ecstacies. I have only one piece of advice for Gertrude: Don’t believe all they say of yon-/ If yon do, you will make a failure of U. In my lime 1 have seen numberlees young ladies blown out of the trumpet of fame so far they never came back again. Don’t believe you are an angel until yon can feel the feathers. Kemembcr that Siddons, Kemble, Tree, Cushman, Rachel and Bistort, made them selves great actresses by long years of toll and striving. Follow their example and you may become an actress, and, what is better, an artist. There many actresses and few artists. Art la long. There is a peculiar sadness to me in the name of the Hutchinson Family, once a united family whose very announcement was the synonym of overflowing bouses; now split np into tribes of John and tribes of Asa, wandering about, the ghosts of their former selves, grown gray with years, singing to Landfills of old-lashioned people- They have been shoved from their scats, but they per formed their mission, and did much for hu manity and liberty. Let us honor them for that. • , On a No. 11 sole I can stand with tolerable security; on a quarter of an inch of smooth steel lam not Inclined to boast. For getting round easy I am Inclined to prefer the for mcr. lam not given to pigeon wings nor Dutch rolls, except in a cooked state, at which I fancy I could beat Clara Moore, Powers, Caxyl Ytung, or any of the’’re nowned American skaters.” But it is a luxu ry to see the rising generation on skates. Graceful motion, sparkling eyes, red cheeks and' Ups, and ringing voices, are Indices that there will be fewer crooked spines, head aches, pipe-stem legs, shaky ankles, lack lustre eyes, spiky Angers, tired out, feeble, tubercled, bilious women in time to come. Nothing like the air bath, sun bath and ex ercise, for health. 'Will not some of onr clergymen preach a sermon on this point? lam strongly in ftror of muscular Chris tianity. None of your dear, delightful, gen tle Melancthons for me. Sturdy old Luther fighting the Devil with his Ink-Stand, hitting right and left with hU'brawny fists, is worth a doten Melancthons. Luther had longs, bowels, heart and liver. Those good Chil dren who die at twelve, and those good peo- pie who'crow better ia proportion as they let beefsteak alone and grow cadaverous, arc monstrosities. Paul Is bolter known than any or the apostles, and Gabriel better known than any of the angels, and both of them were militant. The Lathers make the Reformations of the world. These unhealthy good people sail along with the Teasel, do do barnacles. Last week I gave yon a quotation fromßjorn sen’s “Arne" and now I ece that this splcn did Scandinavian genius, ‘the Be ranker of Norway, la no more. Tormented by an In credible malady, he cut bis throat and ended Die and sufferings at once. A generation hence he will take rank with the trorld’a greatest romancers and poets. A prophet is not without honor save in his own country. "Which exactly fits little* Pe rabo. Be came home fr6m Europe and tried to give a concert here but nobody went to It. To-day, New York and Boston are In trans ports over bis piano playing. I begin to think a classical artist bad better stay away from Chicago. Dandy is trying to baild an opera house in Cincinnati but la having a hard time over It. The Jews are too ahrewd to invest, and as Cincinnati is the modern Jerusalem, and de pends entirely upon the Jews for her “monish.” Cincinnati will be likely to go without an opera boose for some time to come. In literary matters I don’t find much that Is new. Somebody over In England has writ ten a reply to Ecce Homo, and styles it Eccc Doim. If his book is not better than bis grammar he bad better bum It. Ecce Dene would be an imptovement. Annie Thomas has written another novel and calls it “Prayed Out.” Coarse and mlgar. - Two new volumes of Letters by Heinrich Heme, that delightful tong writer,are prom ised. Victor Hugo Is preparing a history of Eng land. The thousand and oneth translation of the Arnold has appeared In England from the pen of John Conlncton. Musical matters abroad are quiet. A new violinist, Joachim, has appeared in Paris, and is pronounced equal to Paganini. Tbe Turks have' been listening to the Uugoenots for tbe first time in-tbelr miser able lives. . • * ■ Gounod has composed an- Ave Maria la which Adalioa Patti sang at tbe nuptials of M. Ernest Prevost and Mile. Kunigswarter. Vieuxtemps has joined the Ulmann party. The splendid Spanish prlma donna Gassier, fur whom Vcnzanu composed hiswell-known waltz, died recently. Carlotta Patti is sIIU with Ulmann. VEocaniSE. FEBSONAt. A Mr. Snoaberger, of Waynesboro, Pennsylva nia. tells bow be was swindled oat of Jsou in cold by a gipsy doctor. The gipsy agreed to care i'i. S. or rbcmausin, and made him gather all the treasure in the boure, set it before the doctor, who was to uc It In nine bags, while the owner was to eel with his back to the operator. *lbe hags were all arranged and tlcd.with the injunction • hat they were not to be opened for nine months. The nine months baring terminated, the bags were opened, and Snowbirgcr’# gold bad mcltod ■way. Messrs. Beebe & Elcfns have sold out the flam mil County (Ohio) Beacon, and it has been merged in ibo Airon Journal. published by Lane, Can field & Co. The editors of the Plymouth (lad.) Bepublican, announce that they arc compelled to suspend the publication of their sheet for one week at least— probably lor a Ion; or period. This step is ren dered necessary by the condition of their finances. They assert that the credit system has broken them down, and If they revive the Republican U# business will be conducted exclusively on a cosh basis. Good authority says (hat Mrs. Burdcll Can nlugbam, who was. reported 10-t on the unfortu nate steamer Evening Star, is at present residing in San Krunti-co, where she. seven years ago. married a man named Ha yes. , Mr. and Mrs. Chauncy Chaoln, of Grand Blase, Ulchkan, celebrated the flf-y-niulh aaaiversirj of .Letnaarrlaae on Thursday last. The dinner table was set with dishes which were used on their wfdi'mg day, and among the rest was an old cider pitcher, through which, Mr. Cbspio said, dtnlng one winter had passed flltccn barrels el cider. Mr. Chapin la about eighty-three years of age, and Is quite feeble. The familiar hymn; “Sweet Uoor of Prayer,” so popular is our Sunday Schools, was written by Mrs. Fanny, a blind lady. We are grieved to bear tbatebelsln indigent circumstances and needs help. We are sure that Jbis statement will sug gest prompt and liberal action on the part of our bunday School Superintendents and teachers. rbe sister of Bonce Oiceley, Mrs. Cleveland, has sailed for Paris. Mies Pauline Cleveland, who accompanies her mother, u a lady somewhat known lit literary circles as a writer of promise. She will act as foreign correspondent for the Art Journal ol New York city while abroad. General McMahon, formerly on the 'staff of General Biz. died at sea, while ou his way to Havana. lUstori will not go to Richmond, Vi., the man ager of the theatre bavlnc tailed to raUe the no .o*eary sum to secure her encagement. Ma?k Twain, the California humorist, to aprint ed programme of a lecture be was lately to give Id San Jose, proposed to illustrate tbo can bal «nrlmt blaadtn, t«y Oer«ar inx a child Is the presence of the attilecS, If tome lady would famish him one jot the occasion. B- fc- Sponce, the sculptor, long a resident of Home, died in leghorn about the first of the .taumh. Ills art reputation rests upon “Jennie Beans,” the *• bhephetd Boy,” and the “ Finding of Moses.” The Memphis Aralaneht claims that General B O. Bill, of Warren County, Tennessee, was the iasl r. ml officer who surrendered himself and force*, and who fought the last batt.c of the war. He was paroled at Chattanooga, ou (he nth of May, 1665. lease Iledflcld, of Boston, formerly Chief Jus bee of Vermont, ha* accented the position oi Clclscl for the Gorerment, to look after the cases now pending in Europe. A j oneg Baltimorean, on a bender, was takca from a Detroit btgulo, one day last week, and sfaipued home xncbarjc of the Merchants’ Union Express Uliffln Taylor, one ofthe oldest and best-known merchants of Cincinnati, died at bis residence, m :Le suburbs, Saturday morning. Be landed the: In felS. Mr. Stephen H Phillips, lately a ciaten ofßoi toe, has been appointed AUorucr G-nerai byih-j K leg of the Sandwich Blands. James I aodetdolc recently died la Washing!'' n County, Texas, at the advanced age ol nmety-aii years. He was with General Jackson at the bat tle of New Orleans. Gossip reports the speedy return of General McClellan from the Continent, and that he will reside at bis coon try boo*: In Orange, New Jersey. It is card that Gcn-ral Schooler Is to write a hb- lory of Massachusetts to the rebellion. George i ic!-nor, fcrior editor and propneorol the Keene (N. It.) o'eutlnd, died sudcvol; on C trial mas af'crnociii, aged foilj-fonr. He lud been in feeble health tor several years. Dan Biyaut, the Iri»h comedian, was Invited a few Cays ago by the owner of a menagerie to visit the collection of animals In their winter quarters. 7bo (wo inspected the beasts after one of Mr. Bryam’a everJnr petformaoces was over; and the animals, angry at being disturbed at such an rin seasonable boor, greeted them with all sorts of rode noises, until the elephant, who enjoyed a greater degree of liberty than the rest, and was especially Indignant at being awakened for one man’s curiosity, seized the astonished actor with bis trunk, lifted Bryant high In the air, and alter swinging nim to and fro several times, thre* him away about twenty f et. The comedian form* uately tell upon a pile of hay, and was me friebtered than hurt. A Hnsslan lost 4C0.D00 francs at a Paris gambling bouse, last month, to three nights’ play. Ben Wood won GM),OCO or 700,000 fronts in a stagls ait ting, lire A Plilsbnigh critic has undertaken the job of wnting down Hackclt’s “ Palstad.’ According to bis opinion it constats ot one-fifth tolerable, and fonr-Afths absurd and untrue. General George W. Bailocb, of ihe PxcedmcnV Bureau, who Is occupying Mrs, Surratt’s house 19 Washington, mites to the Doiton &M, 4*xr*r€r ibe latter’* correspondent's story of the dw- lih-. being hannted. He says: “What coall,*fJ bcvLfhc motives which . 1 pendent to pen such an art , ine. Piom Us absurdity *'’ *.«. r - > possess a vivid Imaglnatld . ‘ : 10 subject tny family to tu ■ - y curious people wh*.« lacjui •• •' 1 'll Jpicxptore these ' •- freedom than a getmlus Yankee'-iiU’lSewlfe U willing to permit. The facte la this ease are simply these: At the death of Mrs. Surratt the bouse was rented to a lady who occupied It until it "as told at auction In dune of this year, wheels wsa purchased by one of our wealthiest and most rsterprutsg citizens, John C. McKelden, Ejq., by whom tt was pm in thorough repair, making it one of the most desirable residences In Washing ton. 1 reeled Uon the first of August last bat not wishing to move my family here from New tlampohlte until cool weather set In did not occu py the premises until October; since which time my family have occupied it la peace and quietness —♦neither black aptrfta or white, blue si irlts nor grsy’ bare as yet disturbed or In the least futcr icred with my occupancy. The only spirit that I should tolrate would be ’John Barleycorn,’ and he would at once find himself in hot water.” Mr. John Green, a well-known painter of Bos ton, died in that city on Monday last, aged eeveaty aeren year*. Be was one of the few remaining representatives of ihe master mechanics of the old school—honest, genial, intelligent and public spirited—to whom Boston is so much indebted for its character and progress. In the political divis ions of former years he belonged to the anti-Ped cral party, and Itt ISIS joined an organization known as “A Republican Institution,” whose meetings he has constantly attended since that date. Mr. Green was a member of the Masonic fraternity. He took deep interest In military af fairs, was an cx-cotaauuder of the ” »oul of ihe Soldiery,” and for thirty years was a member of the Ancient and Honorable Anlhety. For more than hall a century he «w> a member o! the Mas • aebusetts Charitable Mechanics’ The late Mrs. Amos Lawrence, of Boston, be quea'hed $33,000 to public institutions, to be dis tributed as loUowa: Williams College and Ameri can Board of Commissioners for Foreign Ml*, ■ions, each $5,(00; Foreign Missions of the Pro testant Episcopal Church aud American Bible So ciety, each $4,000; American Home Missionary Society, $3,000, with smaller sums to various local societies. We clip tie folio vine extra t>U of news front tie SewTork ITorW.* **A eon of the Hotj. William L, Daft on la cn eaced to tie cnlr dang Mer of the Bon. George H. Pendleton. 1 ’ The Uon. G?orge Pendleton’* danxh’er 19 hot twelve veara old: eltosener too y oan* to play at the eeriou game oi matrimanT.—Cta£uuia.'» J&- sviirr. The Queen cf Spun has made « Viscous! of one Olregoc, a comic singer at one of the Madrid thea tre*. The mac !« a great favorite with the royal ady, much to >«.£ aanoyauc: orlie court, EUROPE. Our London and Frankfort Cor respondence. THE PAPAL POWEE. Extensive War Preparations In Russia. ODB LONDON LKTTEB, Ihe Roman qufsiloa-Prtnch Occupa tion of uie asternal City—Napoleon’* . Programme a" fldyaiery—a Canard About Uie EmprcM-Uoiue or Flo rence for the ‘ capital r—Expedient* to Save the Papal' Tfiro'ne from ainin— Ihe Pope’s Address to ine Prcncif’ur* flctn-Wurai of Warning and n ounce. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.} Losnojr, England, December 12. We are waiting as calmly as possible, bnt with almost breathless interest, for tbe re sult 01, the French evacuation of Rome, to be finished to-day. Perhaps this is a shade away from the truth, for on Monday morn* log the Paine informed os that it bad pri vate advices from Rome to the effect that four companies of French troops would re main until the end of December, in order to cljie the administration business connected with the occupation. There is, to suspicions minds—and your correspondent confesses to being slow of faith in all matters that affect French sincerity—room In this announce ircntfora good deal of speculation,*to say tie least. 1 wonder, to begin with, why the Pairie alludes to a Roman Informant, when it is well-known to have the entree of the “back stairs of the Ministry.” It is reasonable, too, to speculate whether this announce ment, so circuitously made, be not a “feeler” thrown ont to guage public opinion in France as to tbe pioprlrty of staying in Borne until Italy adds, to her promise not to Invade Rome, a solemn renunciation ot all. ber claims upon it. There can be no reason for asking time to close out the business of the bureaus in Rome; for the French have had tvoyears to do that in, and civilian em ployes are competent to sell any bacon or lorago which may be on hnnd at the bar racks. It is apparent that one soldier represent ing tbe French flag is just as much a bar to Italy as a hundred thousand would be. To sena off most ot the- army, but to retain enough to keep tbe Italians and Romans on their good behavior, or to provoke one or both to an outbreak, might be the device of Ultramoutanes to block up tbe path ot Italy. These gentlemen have worked inces santly for the last month, have stimulated the fanaticism of French Catholics, aroused the fervor of French bishops, and Utterly have talked much of their confidence in. tbe result. Whether this little anuonnceoieut of the Patrie covers their plan and an nounces their victory. Is, therefore, a fair question. Nobody expects to hare the sense of a French semi-official paper by a literal translation; it is necessary to study between the lines, and to make free use of a political glossary. It is thrown out by one of the translators

who proceeds on this correct principle that the tour companies remain to act as a body-guard of the Empress, who, he adds, will spend Christmas in Home. Now this visit by the Empress is itself oneof those con- venlciit conoids which the Government flics lorrome unexplained purpose; hut no well informed person believes Eugenie will go to visit the ‘Pope, while anybody will admit that such u proceeding would, under certain circumstances, be a. stroke of policy. lathe Government trying to And out whether the circumstances really exist or can be manu factured? Tbc Empress would go to Home if by the risitbhe could secure the adoption oflbe Frcn:b idea about Rome bytbeiloly lather. That Idea is, that the Roman Court shall make a world of pretences in the way of reform; and, in k thort, govern. the Romans as Nepolcou governs France, by universal suffrage taken" with bayonets. That the gay and not be lie ved-to-be-too-prmiish Empress is really in fear of the loss of her soul lu asc Pio Nouo loses his throne. Is one of those childish be- lids that newspaper readers ought not to in* dulgc. She manages the clerical party, us Prince Na|>oleon manages the Liocrals, so well that the Emperor can always count on the forbearance of this small but active tac tion; but thut Lcr public and published piety means more than this is hardly credi ble. With this I dismiss us idle ail the cliut- tcr that the Empress is beseeching her lord to consent to her pious pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Peter. Some sort of honesty seems to me so inseparable from the most fanatical type of devotion, (bat I cauuot believe the assumed mother of the son of a Jewess would at one and the same time keep un a falsehood de signed to deceive the French nation, and proles; fear of eternal pain if they do not save to the Pope the remnants of bU earthly possessions, it is simply part of that Na j-olconlc policy which looked brilliant until people found out how it was dune, and that there were better, though less pretentious players at the game of imlUics. But, to get back to tno troops, the cleri cals have Insisted for some time that at the lost Napoleon’* courage would lull him and he woutc remain lo Rome. The leaving four vompa.iics there after the expiration of the time fixed for their departure means some thing not put down for vulgar readers of teUgraphle despatches. If we turn to Italy we may flnd a belter clue to the reason for this thauthe saleof wine barrels, canteens toddles at the barrack yards in lt« me. Italy, by a solemn act of her Parliament. In IbOu, declared Rome the capital of Italy, and has never repealed the act. YVe have been to’.d in tables teveral times within the month that Gcncml Floury would ask at F.or* ucc the repeal of this odious (to Rome) Mature, and the Fatrie recently declared this unrcpealcd act of Parliament a plain viola- U( n of th«- C onvention ot September, a most unwarrantable Interference bv Italy in the aUuli6 of Romo. Will French troops —one trnnrrfl thousand docs not matter —stay In Rome unWl the Parliament which meets next Sunday stoll repeal tbo law which makes the Eternal City the MoropulU of New United Italy? It so, they will stay forever. There is no sentiment in Italy so powcrlul now as that of the sacred right of the nation to the old sovereign city of the Peninsula. A Ministry might deft' this feeling. They nave done worse things In Italian cabinets; but to ask an Italian Parliament to do this i» quite another matter. Now it happens that the Mini-trv bavc no power to annul a law ‘ of the Assembly, and, U the desire of Napolcn is gratified, It must be done by the somebody - that made the "bbouxious law. It Is very easy to look over a map and say Florence is more central; to fill one’s lungs with bone dust (in imagination), and cry, ”R* me is a sepulchre;” to mar-dial all the priests of Rcmc la the Cotnpidagllo and ex claim, “there Is - no 100 m here lor Victor Emnnucl.” But nations have their sentl- nirntfll law#, and itjs idle to disregard tbem. England would not willingly see Chester made the capital city, and yet the most powerful objection would ho only a senti ment. The nation could not have been in duced. during the war, to move the capitol ofibe United States farther north; and the main objection would bare been a sentiment, he me Is a necessity of Italy, and Italy will have Rome and make It the capital. Rome b equally necessary to the Popes. Ill* easy to argue that Sardinia, Malta, or tin Balearic Isles, or Jerusalem, or Constan tinople would be a great deal better as capi tals of the provinces; but these checker beard politicians always forget the moral weights which enter into the value of even powers in the game of life. A Pope would be nothin? if he were not Roman. The cltv has garnered in It all the associations, re cords, and sentimental Interests which make the power of the Papacy. The world would not much care where else they went if they ceased to dll the world with their clamor; Lul out of Rome they would lose halftbeir prestige and power. Now there Is room in Rome for both Victor Emanuel and Pio None. The Italians insist that the experi ment ol having them together shall be fairly tried. Rome is a political, national, Italian sentiment, as well as a religious, ccleslastlcal. Papal one. The latter seems the fresher and the stronger because of recent exclusive poshes slon. But the Senate, which represented the I national Idea, was abolished by Pio Nono, only seventeen years ago, and the members ; who were then ousted from a form of power are more than hall of them still alive. That Senate Is now claiming that Pio Nono Is a Usurper; at all events be and bis kind have no right to the political government of Rome, which the age admits.' *‘Ttxe consent of the governed” has become an essential to any ruler's power, and Victor Emanncl Is to-day King of Rome by a better title than the very respectable priest who ■fencics himself not only King, oat King of Kings. The Roman question is so largely a Ques tion of money, or of want of it, on the Papal side, that another fact has its significance at this moment. A movement Is said to be go ing on among the Catholic Powers to furnish the Pope a handsome civil list. That means money to pay his civil officers; •bnt it is plain that every sous given him for this purpose disengages another which can be invested In bayonets; and It Is fairly queried whether this be not a new artifice for “whipping the devil round the stomp.” It most be borne in mind, however, that it is now said the suggestion came from Austria, the poorest and the weakest of the pioas Powers. It will probably share the Ate of the S] anifh proposition for an occupation 01 Rome by all the Catholic Powers, Italy, per haps, excepted. It only shows you that lithe Papal throne falls, it will not be for lack of abundant expedients to save it from ruin. Not the least of these is the episcopal elo quence of France and England. ilalfadozeu prelates In France have issued pastoral let ters which, like those ol the Holy Father, have an air of menace which is quite Incon sistent with oar notions of pastoral almpll- C Archbishop Manning recently said In Lon don that this was no time to remove the lie-beams of civilization, or tear the roof-tree ! olfthe Christian world, and further warned Europe that to shift the centre of Chris tianity would convulse every nation in the world. The Bishop of Paris, Darboy, is the hut to speak, and he Is by no means so imaginative or fervid as others. He even goes so far as to caution intemperate friends of the Pope that they do him harm; and his pastoral is one of those curious exceptions for which newsmongers cannot account. For one thing the nltra-Cathollcs cannot ac count. and that is why twenty-five millions of Catholics in Italy cannot be trusted to se cure the free exercise of the Papal ecclesias tical authority in Rome. They cannot ex plain why Romans, always under the teach ings of ropes, should be so adverse to the Papal temporal power. More sensible Cath olics see this difficulty In the paroxysms of Ultramontane arguments, and agree with less pions people that Italy bad better ba tried, since U would be easy to punish her. for violating the rights of the Pontiff as bead of the church. As I dose this letter I receive the text of tbc Pope’s address to the officers of the French garrison, and learn that the Inde r*nd<Kce Bdse declares that the journcr of Eugenie to Romo is fixed upon. The Bel gian paper has a reputation for enterprise, bnt one condition of newspaper enterprise in this age is that one shall sometimes fly for.oruj, and the Jndrpmdnue baa a fine stock of “dead ducks” of this species in I*s Sics. “ fixed upon” Is too strong a word. The “ visit to the Pope” Is a “ tentative” as yet. despite the story that her rooms arc taken for the 18th Instant. Bnt, here is what his Holiness said to the French officers: *• Before your departure, I wish to hid yon &t*- well. Your flag left France to restore the Holy See. On its departure ft was accompanied by the unanimous pood wishes of .the narfon, Vhe flag relores now to France; bot Ibehere tbs: many conpcJtnces will not he sadifled. I wish it to be mtdved id the same maaunr' as wnen U lett France, but I d ,nbt whctn<*r tnls will be the case. There must he so iPusiocs: the revelation will cotrctof -lira of Rome. It has been said (bat fitly Is» —ie. I<o, she U no! complete; and If sue jb as she is. It is because there remains inis scrap of ismtory wh*re I am still at the present time. tVhen this no looser rc> main* the flap of the revolution mil float over the Italian capital. To reassure me, attempts are made to persuade me thst Rome, by the nature of its position, cannot be tbe capital of Italy. 1 am trarqnil because 1 have confidence In the Dlrine E refection. Go to France with my benndldtoo. et those wbo are able to approach the Emperor 1 teR him that 1 pray for him and his, and for bis tranquility. But he also must do something. France is the eldest daughter of tha Church, but It docs not suffice to wear the tide—the right to wear It must be proved by deeds.” It is plain that in this speech PioKono has studied to express in the moat guarded way the Idea that the return of the Army of Oc cupation is unpopular in France, one df the delusions kept up by the Jesuits. He also hints obscurely that he may not be in Rome long; at Imui ho is so understoodbv the Pans papers of yesterday; and It begins to be rumored that the only way to keep him there Is to send the Empress to spend Christ mas with him. WKat I long ago told you Is equally true on this day, of tbi? evacuation. Nobody in or out of Rome knows absolutely what the Pope will do. Spebo. ora FJUANKFOHT LETT2B. Tbe Prnidan Postal system—lnterest ing Details or Its management—An»- triaGone a*Besalng-Ex«S!neGeorse In Exile—TheWhims and Ingratitude oflflonarchf, [Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.) FcasEronr-os-niz-Hscr, Bee. 1,1856. Among tbe noteworthy items of the Fi nance Minister’s report to the Prussian Par- Moment is that In relation to the Portal De partment. The net receipts of the depart ment for the year past amount to $0,775,990 in specie. Our Government would do well to look Into this matter, for 1 am not certain that tbe Prussian system is not belter than ouij. It Is acknowledged to be the best In Europe, next after tbe English. The Income irom tbe poet offices ia Prussia averages 2.50 per cent of the entire State revenue, while in Austria they yield bat 1.45 per cent,'and in V'urtcmburg 0.01; others still less. Now I scarcely need state that this satisfactory return is not dne to the high rate of postage in Prussia, hut directly the contrary, for if Prussia hue taught the Coutiueut anything, it is that cheap postage is profitable both to Government and people. Still, it is not safe to infer from the above figures that the Prussian system so far sur cur own, as tbe mere comparison of returns would Indicate, for in Prussia, as la all yurts of Ucrmauy aud Austria, there Is tio express system. Such great companies os our Adams Express or United States Ex pi css, arc entirely unknown, and their fane- tior.s are assumed by the Government. 'I bore is a branch of the postal system culled the PotU re-staute, to wide a we have no equiv alent in America, through which books and other heavy packages are despatched,. and mere than, that, the mall Itself is divided into two sections, one ot which is devoted to orcinary letters and newspapers, and the other to packages of value. This latter is the only institution corresponding in any to our vast expres ■ cotnpahies, but of comte, the amount ot business it transacts is cunparatively trivial. The Germans have no idea of the despatch with which Ameri cana whirl great bulks of goods through the country by ” lightning express.” What they call express trains here (schn<Uxug) do not make a higher rale of speed than au uccomo 'datum tr in in Amcnca, and the amount that they carry is trilling. Thousands of articles that we send by express and could not tolerate to send by auy other way, the Germans send by freight trains, or—never sw.ii. U' ncc, to get at the true standard of eompariMin between our post ."‘like re ceipts and the Prussian, it will not do to add to their present ligurc, all or even the hail of the receipts of oui express companies, since in neither one shape nor the other is there any full equivalent fur the latter in Prussia. By express treaty stipulations the Prussian potia.l system U to be Introduced Into all (he states of the North German Confederation, except Saxony, and more than that, will be under Pinasian control, as well as the tele graphs. This will he an abridgment of their iieedom to a certain extent, but they have no right to complain, for hitherto the German postal system, outside of Prussia, has been, through the contemptible selfishness and antediluvlanlsm of a flock of petty Princes, kept in a perennial chaos, the most perfect imaginable. Imagine a space of country as large as New England and, perhaps, New York and Pennsylvania, with sixteen distinct postal systems and sixteen sorts of postage stamps I An American is accustomed to en close a stao p to a business correspondent If he expects a favorol him, but ifone attempts that here he must expend a month’s salary to provide himself with the various sorts In sufficient quantities. I don’t wonder that the Prussians became impatient and deter* mined to pat an end to the nuisance, even if they were obliged to u*ea little soft coercion. AUSTRIA GONE A-HEGOIXO. I had occasion in a former letter to note the feet that the committee assembled m this city to audit the claims against, and di vide the property of, the late Confederation hud decided against Austria in the matter of u claim that her deputies had preferred. The claim war that the fortresses bnllt by theCon icdA-atiox), as wellas the movable property therein, shonld be divided, that Is, that Aus tria should be reimbursed tor her share of the expense incurred in building them. This would be but the baldest Justice, since Aus tria contributed largely and can henceforth receive no possible Benefit from them. The committee refused, how ever, and Austria has since made application to each of the Gov* ernments in whose tenitorit*; these fortresses stand, but they have severally declined, on the ground that, if they arc to be kept up hereafter, it must beat their own expense entirely, so (hat if they reimburse Austria, it would cause them a double burden. Un toilunatc Austria I Germany has become Prussianized in this regard ; it appears to be the policy of every State to get what it can and keep All It gets. CX-KINO GEORGE, ofllanovoi, is demonstrating his relationship to the English most unmistakably by bis stubbornness. He has taken np cosy quar ters in a portion of the Imperial palace of Vienna, {it is doubtful if Francis Joseph would have given him the Invitation if he had supposed he would accept it), keeps a suite about him, orders his Ministers and Consuls in foreign lands as if he were still. “l» the grace of Uod, King of Hanover,’’ and refuses to give his brave officers a release from their oath, when It Is for their interest, for that of Hanover and not less for bis own to do so. J»ot only does he thereby cat off all hope o» being permitted to enjoy his pri vate possessions, but be Is keeping his offi cers in an unpleasant and precarious atti tude. The Berlin Provincial Correspondence makes the following Just remarks ou this h«ad: ” A part of the Hanoverian officers, misled by rnoccoos coanecLfrioa the Ministers of the late Kirgoi Qanorir, are laboring under the convic tion (bat il*cy can continue to draw par without entering the Picsalan army. Kucha culm must he cncordltionally rejected, slice they have not bJplicr rights aa against the Piusslao Government than they formerly held against the Hanoverian, an A such a thing canid not have been done under tbc laic King or Hanover. Ihe only election open to these ohicersls, either to enter the Prussian army or rclne ou pensions Tbc matter could be vciy easily adjusted on this basis if the late King of Hanover did not still continue to regard them as hound by their oath to him. and refuse to re lease them from its force, 'ibe officers themselves arc hereby placed in a painful situation, which la made still w orse l-y idle dreams of a tprodr resto ration of the Hanoverian dynasty. The King of Hanover is still a victim to tbeaama delusion* which often ltd him astray during the period of bis ieign."dc. It appears that Count Platen, Minister of the Interior to Klug George, and who is still with hizu, is his chief counsellor in this course ot folly, nod that he has told Hano verian officers that, as officers in lull stand ing in the Hanoverian army, and not dis missed therefrom by any resignation, dis charge, or similar document, nor yet by any tnaty with the King of Prussia (which {s tru-» enough), they can continue to draw pay as long os Kir*" George docs not release them. Now, all this matter Is simple enough, and I wonder that aur army officer should allow himself lo be In doubt. Their claims are good enough, so far as forms go, and fully entitle them to a continuance of pay. bo: then Prussia won’t allow' them- Their claims are perfectly good, only they are to unfortunate as to h'ave been made en tirely worthless by the act of conquest! That’s alt It’s as ch’ar as day. SENSELESS. One of the most senseless things that the not very wise Kirgof Prussia baa committed •within many months is toset down the name of Me brother, Prince Charles, in the list of those to whom he intends to distribute the $1,050,000 lately voted by Parliament, and omit that of glorious old Vogel von Falcken* stein. Prince Charles Is a crusty, crabbed, brainless and thoroughly anccutlemanly man, a man who thought it not beneath Mm to knock off the hat of an Austrian Mayor !u Bohemia because, not knowing his rank, he put It on too soon in his presence; and be is thoroughly detested by nation and army alike. Brave old too Folckenslein, however, is the pride and glory of every man that is a Picsslan. To Mm more than any other are they indebted for the splendid campaign on the Main; but then ne*s a parvenu, God wot, and was once In the ranks I Obks. BTSSiA War Preparations on a Grand Scale A gala Announced. [\Varraw (December S) Correspondence of Poten Joainii.) Russia is secretly arming to a considerable extent: the fact is undeniable. An incredi ble activity prevails in her arsenals; she is converting the old infantry mnsKets into needle rifle* and filling op the regiments; in short, she Is patting herself in a condition to be prepared for any event next spring. The superior officers believe they will be called upon to enter on a campaign at that period. However, it Is only slating the troth to say that up to the present no change has been made in the cantonments of the Russian army, and that the military force has not been Increased In the Kingdom of Poland. The Austrian frontier is as “bare of Russian troops as In ordinary times. A considerable number of young men, natives of Galicia, who bad taken part In the last Polish Insur rection, have Just parsed through Warsaw. They had been sent to Siberia, but the Russian Government, at the instance of the Cabinet of Vienna, has lately set them at liberty, and they are returning to their Romes. Scarcely half of these young men, it Li perceived with regret, have come hack; the others found their death In Siberia, as much from the Jonrncy and the climate as from the painful labor to which they were"subjected. A St. Petersburg telegram of the Bth says: “An Imperial ukase issued states that he relations of Russia with Rome haying been broken off, and tic convention of 1947 with lie. Holy See, ami all other amuse mints In rcfescncc to tic Roman Catholic Church haring consequently lost their rfllno, tic affaire relating to the Catholics in Rus sia art again to be placed underlie direction of tie authorities who. in accordance with .tie existing Jaws, are entrusted with the control of public worship In Russia and. Po land. IHE SON OF NIPOLEO3 BONA- PARTE. Ble RdoUoorffttb Fannr EUiler. The search after the relics, writes a Paris correspondent,-belonging to the Duke dc Rclchstadt, King of Borne, has ended In the securing of several most Interesting souve nirs, to be placed in the Napoleon gallery ol the Louvre. The life of this son of the great Emperor who, according to the touch iig epitaph written by himself for his own tomb, "wasbom King of Home, and died a Lieutenant in the Austrian service,’* was too short to admit of any very rolumlnong record. The souvenirs now brought to Paris have been wholly furnished by the wclLremem bered danteurc, Fanny Busier, who Uvea Ib the strict retirement of a country life near the Hague, occupied solely in the cultivation of a certain species of rose, which she has brought to the highest perfection. By the fortune left her by Gentz, added to that ac quired by her own Industry and talent, she U enabled to lead the easy life of a chate laine, and. while her leisure time is occupied with the cultivation of flowers, her Lean is fully occupied likewise with the cultivation of all her tender souvenirs of thfc court of Vienna, and the nlacc the once occupied thereat, with the full consent and approba tion of every member ofthe Imperial family. The story of the loves of the Ducde Kelcb- sladt is short and sad enough. Disgusted with the restraint of the life at Court, wounded by the position to wblcb his birth had consigned him among the proud arch dukes, his high-born relatives, he was wont to steal away Into the country to enjoy soli tude and the contemplation of nature, at a little village near Vienna. The -doctors had foretold tbat unless some interest in lifewere offered to this sensitive, nervous youth, he must, of necessity, sink iuto atrophy and wither away in consumption. Many and many a hope had been raised of his forming an attachment which might throw some In terest around bis existence, and ward off the ennui wblcb wss killing him by inches. But the conviction that the opportunities thus afforded him were but snorts of the en emy to set a spy over him in his most an guarded moments, kept him on the watch, and he never once yielded to tbe tempta tion. But the moment camo for him as it comes for all men. lie became struck with the grace acd beauty of his landlady’s niece, a girl fresh from the* woods, whose pic turesque costume and simple manners nat tered both his artistic and moral taste, and be soon became deeply enamored. To this girl he told ihc whole story of his life—the temptations which had been offered him— tbe aspirations In which he had Indulgcd,the hopes be entertained. His entire existence underwent a change. To one being could he untold the secrets of bis heart, and the re straint which had been killing him was over come at last. But as there must always be a demon at work upon the bappincas of every mortal here below, so did tbe satisfaction experi enced by the young Dnc de Keichstadt soon come to an end. He who bad ever shunned all jroicty, who had obstinately refused to attend all courtly fefet , opera, bail and play —finding his health and spirits much im proved. must needs one uight be seized with an irresistible desire to see theballet of "flic Liable Boitcux,” In which the eaehuea danced by Fanny Ellsler bad become the aim and object of every conversation and of all the enthusiasm of the city. He went alone to the orera—he saw thc'dancer come forward to the fcotiighla with that swimming step which had won the hearts ot all mankind— he gazid ffist iu terror, then In doubt, then in horror and amazement, and sank slowly down senseless on the floor of the bos where he was placed 1 . It was the dancer herself on whom his whole heart and souJ had been bestowed. It was to ber he had confided his moat secret thoughts. Tbe whole intrigue of the Court became revealed at once to bis mind. He went back no more to the village, hut re tired again to the little stndent’s room In the palace stUl shown as the place where he died, and could never be persuaded to behold even once again the traitress who had so im- fmsid upon his trusting heart. No one but lirosclt ever suspected Fanny Ellaler of any base intrigm—tbe pastoral comedv had lx en played out in good part and with the entire concurrence of Imperial relatives. The cud of the drama was a bright and glo rious existence for the dancer; for tbe Duke, misery, despair and death. TOUNU AMERICA IS PARIS. Elegant Boil Given by a Tliree-rear ol<t Sissy. [Paris Correspondence oflbe Now York WorM.J The ball season has already been brilliantly Inaugurated by Miss Alice Norton, a charm ing young demoiselle of three summers, all counted. Upon the occasion of her entry upon her fourth year, on Monday last, tins young lady, assisted by Colonel and Mrs. Nor ton, her papa and mamma, who reside at the Grand Hold, gave a charming fete to all the American children—-1 beg thdr pardon— young ladies and gentlemen in Paris. A number of young ladles of more mature years uleo n&sbud Miss Notion in the reception of her guests, who. luvltecf from 12 m. to 6 p. m., were all assembled at a little after one o’clock. The elegant first-floor dancing sa loon. ot the Grand Hotel (over tbe read me room) wa* elegantly decorated with United States flags lor the happy occasion. The curtains were doted and the glass chan delieis blazed with light, that the illusion of an evening ball, without its disadvantages, might be procured to the young guests. .Miss Norton .performed her part of hostess to perfection the dear little child running forward and receiving* the guests on thdr arrival without the least affectation, and yet with the greatest grace. Dancing began with spirit from the v»ry outset, and readonly interrupted by au equally pleasihg occupation, the partaking of an elegant collation, set out very hand somely on tables at one end of the hall, jcrccncd off from tne dancing part. At a given signal from the major-domo, Miss Nor ton bad tbe pleasure ot receiving a number of Lcr friends much younger than herself— tbe youngest ‘ “ young lady” being Mdllc. Clare de la Bcviere, aged eight months (daughter of the Baroness de La Rcvtere, formerly Miss Blurt, of Mobile), who seemed to enjoy the party quite as much as her ciders. Mdlle. Clare’s dress was of white -ilk. covered with Illusion and trimmed with cherry ribbons. But I meat not omit to give the . .details ot the toilette of tbe Queen of the festival, Miss Norton. She wore a blue silk under-dress, covered with tulle and trimmed with garlands of tililic lilacs interspersed with rose-buds. There was great variety in the dresses of the young people, this being a privilege in Parts, Miss Bessie Bancroft, ot Boston, wore tbe handsomest dn «s in the room, composed of Indian mm-Ilu uuder-skirts, with tunic com posed ot Valenciennes insertion, delicate lilac ribbons and nulled muslin. The Misses Git bs were suitably dressed in white alpaca with b.ue trimmings. The otbcryounc peo ple present, whose names I can recall at the moment, were Miss Kendall, of Boston; Mis? Christmas, Master and Miss Macauley. of Mississippi; the Misses Finch, of Chicago; Mips Amy Ruvmond, New \ ork; the Misses Totter, MUs Derby. Misses Greculesf, New York; Misses Haugui, Miss Van Scheack. The yonng ladies who aided Mrs. Norton were the Misses Sims, Alabama ; Mc- Cauley, MUa Hitchcock, of California ; MUs Talc and Miss Schenck, New York. This little party was so great a success that Us lame found its way into the French paners. Failure of Ltwli Lillie, the Sure 73 an- ulaeturcr. (From the Troy (N. T.) Tines, December 2C.J Rumors have been rife for a week or more of the failure of Lewis Lillie <k Son. The heavy purchase by the firm about a rear ago of lands, mines, furnaces, dwellings and run ning machinery at Kelglesville, Bucks Coun ty, Pa., has had, of coarse, largelv to do with its present embarrassments, which it is hofed and believed will prove but tempor ary. The purchase necessitated a large ex penditure on the start- Included in the pur chase were more than one thousand acres of land, seven hundred of which were under cultivation. During the last summer the works and whole concern employed over three hundred men, whose nfonthlv pav roll wassl7,(XJo. The product was $2,50(5 per day—#l.soo in safes and SI,OOO in pig iron. The ready means required for the manage ment of such a large business were of course very considerable, and bow any mishap or miscalculation may have seriously crippled fora time business operations to the extent indicated, can readily he conceived. It is understood that the assets of the firm, aseLowuoo paper, foot np $600,000. The indebtedness is $550,000. This includes a mortgage of $185,000 on the real estate at Refglesvllle, leaving a floating indebtedness ; cf $375,000. A portion of the indebtedness has been incurred by tbe acceptance of sight draffs of the firm by B. R. Hubbell. of New Tork, to the amount of SIBO,OOO, and accept ances by George G. Wilder, of Boston, to the amdhnt of SIOO,OOO. It Is understood that loth Hr. Bnbbcll and Hr. Wilder have sus pended. The different banks of Troy are creditors of the firm to tbe amount of $70,000. It is claimed that $140,000 of tbe Indebted ness is confidential; but it seems probable that in tbe end there will be no distinction made between the creditors. At a meeting of some of the creditors in New Tork last week, Mr. Lillie claimed to be solvent, and requested only time—six, twelve and eighteen months—to clear every thing. At this meeting a committee of cred itors was appointed to prepare a full state n.ent of assets, indebtedness, etc., and re port tbe same. The committee will report next week. The real estate of the firm was pur chased for $275,000. On this $75,000 was paid down, on the first of January last. Tbe of the purchase money, ($200,000), remains on mortgage, and is" included in tbe firm's Indebtedness. The payments on tbe mortgage, which are not yet doe, are easy. The firm claim to have be come embarrassed solely by tbe large amount expended for necessary improvements; that these expenditures have put the concern in possession of business facilities which will enable them to do a large badness at a cer tain profit, if permitted to go on. It is the opinion of some of our business men, interested in the failure, that tbe whole affair will result only in a temporary suspen sion of Lillie <t Son, and that It is not Im probable a compromise between the firm and its creditors wul be effected at the meeting In New York next week. . Cortona Chinese Stories. [From the London Fall Maß Qaxeitc.] There is a well-known Greek’ story of a Email ess man woo, going oat with a rope In la hand to hanghfinselli found aporae of ; money, which induced him to throw the rope aw ay, whereat the owner of the parse, coming back to look for hia property, and finding only the tope Instead, straightway hanged himself. A still more carious tale, of a similar kind, U teld by the China pa pers. In the native city of Shanghai the parents of a young lady lately married, har ing fallen Into distressed circumstances, ap plied to her fur aseistance, and her husband allowed her to give them a coat for the pur pose. oi being pawned. The daughter, how* ever, being anxious to render farther aid with out her husband's knowledge accreted $lO in the pocket of the coat. The old mao did not discover Ibis, and took it to a pawn broker, who, noticing the money on unfold ing the garment, kept his ccunsel, and qui etly advanced 2. soon after the husband discovered that the wife bud given the SIG to her father, and made so much noise about it that the joorftr lady disposed of herself by aaeging. In this way the news ol the rob bery committed by the pawnbroker became known to the parents, and the old mother took the matter so much to heart Uutshe poisoned herself with opium. Lastly,, the pawnbroker, getting alarmed on hearing that bis dishonesty bad already caused two deaths, drowned hlmsclfin a well. This story is very characteristic of the Chinese feelings In regard to life, and similar Inci dents not unfrequently occur. Some years aco* for instance, an accom plished young lady at Canton, who bad been unlortunateiy married to a coarse and stupid husband, was bewailing her late to a party of sisters acd female cousins, and de clared her intention of committing suicide. On this, the other young ladies declared that, since such was married life, they would die too; and so the whole bevy of them Joined hands together, and walking into a fish pond deliberately drowned them selves. * Again, three men, imprisoned in Bong Kong jail, on a charge of piracy, determined to make away with themselves, rather than hare the bother of a trial. At some height in the cell where they were Imprisoned, was a small window guarded by two Iron bars, and the problem which these worthies had to solve was how the three of them were to be hang ed upon the two bars. From tbe position in which they were found in the morning, It would eeem that the third man bad assisted he two others In banging themselves fh>m the bars by their tails; that then he hod cut down ona.of them by gnawing through tbe toll with his teeth; and, using the dead body as a stool, to be afterwards kicked over, be had contrived’to suspend himself. All this, too, was done so quietly os not to attract the notice of a sentry who was pacing out side beneath the window. GOSSEP FOB THE LADIES. Concerning Society) (he Fashion.’*) manners and matrimony. Tire mouth not a good pin cushion. The danger of making » pin repository of the mouth has just been exemplified at Penzance. A Mrs. Bawling was engaged in a garden banging out soma clothes, and, with a view to save time, sie-placed a num ber of pins (apt clothes-pins) in her month. Being startled by an urgent request to go into the bonse to her child, she turned round very suddenly, sod. while so doing, seven teen pins slipped- down her throat, most of them lodging in her gullet. The poor wo man suffered fe*?sni pain. A neighbor re sorted to tbe old fashioned, and, in this Cftc, efficacious, metbod*of persistently stepping tbe. parent’s back. In the course of a couple of hours, fourteen pins were slapped np and tbrec down, and, beyond tbe paia and irritation of tbe throat, no bar a was done. SONS OIAi?O.SD3. «. At tke Russian bail, in honor nf the Princess Dagmar’a wedding, the French Axa bassador’swjfe wore a hrosaded orange and gold train, bordered with the most costly' Hussion sable. Tbe dress was profusely or namculcd with die moods. But the Grand Duchess Maria do Leuchtenbevc was the lady who. in that splendidly-attired assemblage, outshone- all others with diamonds, for she was literally covered with them. Her dress was white, and the front of the skirt was trimmed with three rows of magnificent brilliants; a srteqttt of brilliant* replaced tbe herthe usually worn round the bodice, and a bouquet of diamonds was fastened to tbe riviere which encircled her waist. This bouquet was so large that It concealed her shoulders. LAPIES PINED FOR POACHING. The journal? of Namur state that the JTrr rhlom*!* de Molina and the Duciirss del Pilar Osorio de los Rios have been each fined thirty ffaucs, ny the correctional tribunal of that town, and bad their fowling p!eco»eon- Ihcatrd, lor shooting without a license lu tbe commune of Dave. iIATUiiIONT Aa A MATTER O* MONET.. In Genoa there are regular marriage bro ker?, who have memorandum books tilled with the names of the marriageable girls of the different classes, with notes of their figures, peieoual attractions, fortunes and circumstances. These brokers go about en deavoring to make arrangements in the same olMmnd, mercantile manner which* they would bring to bear upon a cosines transaction ; and when they succeed, they get a commission of two or three per cent upon the portion, with such extra bonuses as may be voluntarily bestowed by the party. Marriage at Genoa is thus often simply a mat ter of business calculation, generally settled by tbe parents or relations, who draw np the contract before tbe parties have seen one . another; and it la only when everything else : is arranged, and a few days previous to the marriage ceremony, that the future husband Is introduced to his partner for life. Should he find fault with her manners orappearance, he may annul the contract,, on condition of defraying tbe brokerage, and aay other ex penses incurred. FRENCH COOKEnr. One of the amusing portions of Monslenr de Girardin’s new journal. Lo-LBmtU, D tbe giving, day by dav, a menu of a dinner, under the head Of "Le Jfontle Gaxtronomique," which dinner is often taken, or said to be taken, from the bill of fare of some notorious bon viront, a day or two previously. And thus the other dav, all the gourmet* ofParia might know whut M. Thiers gave his friends lor dinner! and It they are so minded, and l.avc a good cook, they may ImiUte or out do them. Thlals it. J‘ota<je J’rfU*ne. Sad dle of mutton arjLnglaUte (roast saddle of mutton.) Ee!s with sauce verte (sharp sauce.) Qualls bortitt* (with bacon round them.) JJaccarcui au Parvxnart. Timbale de Poire*. LITE FREIGHT. A few days since, a mulatto woman and her babe were shipped from Troy, Ohio, by an express company,, as ordinary freight. She was taken into the office of the compa ny. her weight averaged, a bill of lading made out, and the usual label fbr packages Hcd round her neck with a string. When the train started site was placcdin charge of the messenger, and arrived at her place of destination in safety. • *>. PRESENT TO THE PRINCESS DAOMAB. ■ «W 4UO 4 il->iVUd |fAU.q4A« A subscription has been started in Den mark, to present the Princess Dagmar with a souvenir of her native country, consisting of a aplenold ebony book-case, richly inlaid with silver and mother-of-pearl, and contain ing the choicest works of all the great Dan ish authors. Another part of the present will be a beautiful album, 'with pictures of the finest views and landscapes iu Denmark. A BJCH COCPtB. The London correspondent of &iua<fcr»* A'nrrWffr says: “The betrothal Is Just de clared oi perhaps our very wealthiest mar riageable lady (tor Miss Burdett Coutts I look upon as already wedded to her good works). In tbe marriage of Earl Beauchamp with Miss Dundas-Ciinstopber-Haroilton- Nisbctt, each patronymic Is understood to imply a fortune. Lord Beauchamp suc ceeded last year, by the death of his brother, to forty thousand a year. But his bride will ultimately succeed to an income of more than sixty thousand a year, to say nothing of an immense and incrcasis"* amount of ready money.” n OH.VAMENTS. The Paris correpondent of the London Quetn says of the style of ornaments In vogue: “Insects as ornaments, si ranee to say, are still In great demand. Beetles are worn as brooches and ear-rings;' dragon-flies and the small blue Hies arc made up Into bead-cresses of the most coquettish style. They are made of enamel, and so exactly do they imitate nature that they frequently look as though iter would take wing. But terflies arc copied tar less happily, lor they look heavy, and lack the transparent, gauzy appearance the living ones possess, conse quently enamelled butterflies are not popu lar; hut those imitated in silver aud gold fila gree work, and studded with precious stones, are, on the coiitrajy, much sought after/' a lady bachelor op sciexce. The Faculty of Paris has just conferred tbe degree of " Bacheliere es-Sciences” on a young lady named Mile. Marie Brassettl. In France there are several feminine Bachelors of Letters,bat Mile. Brsssett! is’only the sec ond woman who baa succeeded In passing an examination In sciences before tbe Faculty. The first obtained her diploma about two years ago. POLITICAL FASHION?. . »v.kUV4il The New York Times says: An odd story comes .rom Nljnl-Novgorod, a province of Russia. There exists, it appears, a secret society in that province who call themselves NiUUUte. They are the exponents of very heretical ideas upon many social and politi cal matters, and particularly heretical as recarda-the benefits conferred upon the world by a despotic form of Govern ment. Unlike most politcal socio ties, the female members have a peculiar style of dress, short hair, round bataaod bine spectacles being its chief distinguishing characteristics. Of course this dre?s distinc tion was all very well, and in some sort use ful to the Prussian police, but there came to be a rageamoog ladles who are not Nihilists lor imitating tbe costume of the latter, and p-o circular ebapeax, crops and cerulean bar nacles became common to tbe crowd and offensive to the authorities. So the Governor, General Ogareff has in teepos d, and told the offending fair ones that they most not do it any more. If they persist they will be escorted to tbe Bureau; it they will not stop then they are to be threatened with all sorts of dreadful things, and ii they still are obdurate—well, imagi nation tails to realize tbe dread resource. Now, certain English papers think this des potism absurd! The General is right. He, or ills Imperial master, no matter which, shows his good taste. That the gentle sex should wear round hats is not so bad, but that they should shear their tresses Is out rageous, and that they should dim their sparkling glances with bine blinkers U heart breaking. So proceed, General, with your duty. Yon are a paragon of good taste, and it you let tbe dear creatures disfigure them selves any longer yon ought to be sent to Siberia for the whole term of yonr natural life.” MISCELLANEOUS, At a celebration of a marriage, a large number of young ladles were present, the minister said: “Those who wish to be Joined in the holy bonds of matrimony will please stand np,” and all the young ladles arose. Winter bonnets are to be tied with wide brocaded strings. Mary— I “Charles, dear, now that wo are married, you know, wo most have no oe crets. bo, do, like a dove, hand me that bot tle of hair dye yoa will find in my dressing case.” Fur will be the most fashionable trimming for silk dresses this winter. A ccntlcman just returned from the North, and who is quite a critic in fashions and mat ters ol toilet, was describing to a lady friend the latest bonnet sported by the New York belles. He condoned his minute and happy artistic sketch, to which the young lady listened with deep attention, as follows: .“I assure yon. Miss , the New York belles wear nothing else.” Tbe New Jerect State AgricaUanU Col lect. This Institution Is really a department or special come In the Scientific School of Ilutgers College, New Brunswick. The Newark Evening Cotnitr gives the following information about its present condition; j' There are now two claam v j course of study rccommerfiui\,-t-:-> ■ TLfi ffrff cliss have studied principles of chemistry, and cieedinthe laboratory in blow-pipe. The instruction r,f the College in military tactic?, t-J -,r law, was begun In September, . j menl being under the care of Co!fj“s H. Kellogg, of the regular army. »>. i the appointment of Professor of efr * neeiing and Mdltary usual wisdom was shown in petti:*'-'* bee fond at once Into practical r-J.- through an established institution'.' of attempting to found a new achy. ' prospects for Its future ore veryfre^ THE STOBY OF THE 50SE' One of M, X.abonlaye’* New I* stortea. * AtDewitz In the neighborhood of P.-j --there once lived a rich and whimska; < farmer, who had a beautiful daughter. ’V students of Prague, of whom ifiercw<>:i* that time twenty-five thousand, often wait* in the direction of Dewitz, and more one ot them offered to follow tbeplovfi hopes of becoming the son in-law of -*M farmer. The drat condition thattb?:XC ning peasant set on each new servant rf.f* this : "I engage yon," he would say, year, that Is, till the cuckoo slogs turn ofsnring; bat if,from now till the. A T say once*that you are not satisfied, I f oil* the end ol yonrnosc. I give yon tfcciA right upon me,” he added, laughing. : .,W£ he did as' be said. Prague' was f~ 4j students with the end of their nose which did not prevent an ugly scar, a:.cV 1 « less, bad jokes. To return from Hi; 4 , t: disfigured and ridiculed was well c to cool the wannest passion. ** | AyoungmanbythenameofCoronfij.:- f what ungainly in meaner, but cocj, ■ and canning, which are not bad aids it £,v | iog one’s fortune, took it in bis ht-ad -."I; | the adventure. The former receive; I with bis usual good nature, and, the H-p*. f made, sent him to the field to work 7 breakfast time the other servants were ..4:* but good care was taken to forget At dinner it was the same- Coracda himself no trouble about it. wcatt v * house, ai d while the farmer’s wife w-j. <Z ing the chickens, unhooked aa e:. * bam from the kitchen raf-ers, a loaf from the cupboard, and wen Udc*' the fields to dine and take a nap. '' "Are job satisfied f” cried out thcfu*~c. when be returned at night. "Perfectly satisfied,” said Corand;-; -j have dined better than you have.” At that Inslaot tbo farmer’s wife *n~>|. rushing in. crying that her ham was -.-'.I Coranda laughed and the fiirui.T ittrr-dl pale. » “A ham is only » bam,” answcre.l hi-tni*-i ter. “Such a tfiSw does not trouble ms% Bat alter tbat time be took good cure notL leave the student fasting.* Sunday came. Tbff farmer and his v-f* seated themselves In the wagon to .j church, saying to Comnda, "It Is your bus;, ness to cook the dinner. Cat np the pUv meat yon see yonder, with odious, carrot leeks and parsley, and Ih>U them til :,v f ether in the great pot over the re.” “Very well,” answered Coranda. There was a little pet do# at tue ; - na boose by the came of rarsley. cd him, skinned him, cut bim< op w ith :b --mcat and vegetables, and put the boil over the kitchen tire. \Vben the f,m. er’s wife returned she called her 1av.,,-:-* but, alas I the saw nothing hot a bl---*t akin hanging by tbe window. "■What hive you done?” said she t» (.; randa. “What yon ordered me, mistress. Ihtr? boiled the meat, onions, carrots and and Parsley In the bargain.” “ Wicked wretch I” cried the farmer. "Li yon the heart to kill the Innocent -’tu'.cr; that was the jov of the house?” “Are you not satisfied?” said Cortsh, taking bis knife from bis pocket. “I did not say that,” returned the ftnkr, V A dead dog is nothing but a dead ik-.*. - * hut he sluhed. A. few days after, the farmer and hi* went to market- Fearing their terrible vant, they said to him, •* Stay at home, red do exactly what you see others do.” ‘‘ Very well,” said Coranda. There was an old shod In the yard, tie roof of which v.aa Jailing to pieces Tie carpenters came to repair it, and beiran. u usual, by tearing down the roof. CWai’J* took a ladder and mounted tbe roof ..i the house, which wts quite new.. Shingles. tails, and tiles, he tore off everything, -xzi scattered them all to the winds. Wii n the farmer returned, the house was open u> the fky. Villain 1” said be, “ what new trick Lire you played we f” “Ibave obeyed yon, master,” answered Coianda. ” Yon told me to do exactly w!u; I saw others, do. Are you not satisfied r Ana he took out his lame. “Satisfiedl” returned the farmer; “why should I not be satisfied ? A few shin.;!., more or less will not ruin me.” Bu; he sighed. flight came, and tba farmer and bis wif> said to each other It was high time to get ri l of this Incarnate demon. As is always the case with sensible people, they never did anything without consulting their dinahv;r, it being'the custom m Bohemia to think that children always have more wit than their pa rents. “ Father,” said Helen, “ I will hide in the great pear tree early in the morning, and coll tike the cuckoo. You can tell Coranda that tnc year is up, since the cuckoo la singing; f.v pay him and send him away.” F'-f Early iu the morning the plaintive cry of f. the cuckoo was beard through the fimiJi. *-- The farmer seemed surprised. “Well, my boy, spring Is come,” said he. “Do voa I ‘ hear the enckoo elngingyonder? I will par I ! yun, and we will part good friends.” * f v “A cuckoo!” said Coranda; “that is a bird which I have always wanted to see.” He isn to the lice and shook it with ail hU ; migbt,.«hen behold i a young girl fell from ' tbe branches, fortunately more frightened r than hurt. “ < “Villlau !” cried the farmer. '•> “Are you .not satisfied ?” said Coranda, "• opening Ms knife. “Wretch! you kill my daughter, and yon think that 1 ought to be satisfied i 1 am furious. Begone, if you would not die by ; my hand!” “1 will go when I have cut off your nose,” ( said Coranda. “I have Kept my word; do yon keep yours ?” , “Stoin” cried the farmer, putting hi; hand before his face; “you will surely let me re deem my nose?” “It depends on what you offer,” said Co randa. • “Will you take ten sheep for it ?” “No.” “Ten cows?” “No; I would rather cut off your nose.” And he sharpened his knife on the door step. “Father,” said Helen, •‘the fault was mine; it belongs to me to repair it. Coranda, will you take my baud instead of my father’s nose?” “ YeV’ replied Coranda. “ I make one condition,” said the young girl. “We will make the same bargain; the first of us that is not satisfied alter marriage : shall have his nose cat off by the other/* “Good,” repliedCoranda. “X wonld rather it was the tongue; but that will come next.” . Never was a finer wedding seen at Prague > and never was there a happier household- \ Coranda and the beautiful Helen were a \ model pair. The husband aud wife were ] never heard to complain of each other, they I loved with drawn swords, and thanks to their Ingenious tarealn, they kept for lons years both their love and their noses. THE CUBAN FINANCIAL PANIC. A General Suspension of Specie Pay ments at Havana—Causes of (be Cri sis. f Correspondence of the New York Herald.) Hatajta December 22. Onr city Is la a great state of excitement, and a regular panic prevails among all classes, We are in ihe midat of a great ca lamity, and if no prompt steps are taken to remedy and alleviate the general distrust and consequent disastrous results, our com merce will be prostrated and injured to an incalculable extent. The principal cause of tbe suspension of nearly all of onr tanks is not, as the Liar %o erroneously states, tbe withdrawal of two and a half millions from the vaults of the banks, and sent to foreign countries by unauthorized parties, bat the large amount of Government Treasury bonds held by tbe Royal Spanish Bank, and on' which they advance the cash to tbe Govern ment used by the Royal authorities to detray the expenses of the war with St. Domingo, Mexico and Chili, and which the Treasury has been unable to redeem until now. . A meet Lou of merchants and bankers, un der the Presidency of the Captain-General himself; was held at the Palace on Monday last, to deliberate on the depressed and ruin ous state ol our commerce, and the scarcity of money, which la very embarrassing to our banks, and will lead to disastrous financial results, if no steps are taken to devise means to extricate them out of their difficulties. The only feasible plan presented was that tbe Royal Spanish Bank be authorized to pay <>« per cent on ail sums. In bonds of tbe Government, which are fully secured, and of which they hold very large amounts as collaterals. Also, that tbe Royal Spanish Bank should make use of the credit it enjoys In England and the United States to borrow $2,000,000. On Thursday the bank of Bossier »fe Co. suspended pay ment. This bank was the one organized and patronized by all the provision dealers and wholesale grocers in Havana, and enjoyed a monopoly which has given great offence to the mercantile community not interested in the insmotio?. The bank received a per centage on all sales made on the wharf. Many of tbe depositors hid been qnletlv withdrawing their funds for the last two months, after the Royal Spanish Bank had notified Messrs. Bossier .& Co. that they would bo longer be able to discount the pa per of their institution, or of their patrons, to the same extent as before, and lately bad only done so in small quantities and on first class paper. On Friday more suspensions took place, among them the Banco dc Comercio (Fcssera Bank), where all the funds of the Regca Warehouses and the Bahia Railroad arc kept, the Banco de Ilia, and in fact all with the exception of the Caja de Ahorraoa (Sav ings Bank), the AlUanza and the Koval Spanish Bank, which still continues to pay out specie, and will probably be able to weather the storm, although it "has only S2,CW3 757 In specie in its vaults, while thev have $4,84C,905 on deposit, and $3,053,150 of their bills in circulation. Tneir assets. In case of the suspension, amounting to 113,744,70). are more than sufficient to cover all their liabilities, and leave a surplus of ever $2,000,000 to the credit of the bank. Strenuous efforts have been made yesterday to prevent this result. All of our principal provision and grocery merchants will sus pend specie payments to-day, and several houses who do not rest on a very firm basis wIU be comj elled to close their doors and go into liquidation. . It,is supposed by all our bankets and prin cipal merchants that the suspension will only be‘temporary, and that tao arrival of the new sugar crop, aud the consequent ln cussiouof funds into fh u .Island, will coon ’ put things to rights, particularly a* all ol the suspended banks have a laree surplus of asset*, and will be able to resume : M soon M remittances of specie arrirc.