Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 1, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 1, 1867 Page 2
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(C. djiCGQo 3* v \ OAILY, Xlil-WEEKXY AYD WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 51 CLAltlt-MT. x ) There are dree Mitioag of tbeTnrsuir* tided. Ist, Jrcry morulas, for arculaiioa by carriers, newsmen vnd the mail*. 3d. The Tei-'Wam.T, Monday*. Wsd- and Frteay*, ior On malls only; and the Vkeslt, on Thonday*, for th; mails and tala at oar t icuLter and hr newsmen. Terms of the Chicago Tribune Ditty drlirered in tie city o>cr wees) £ 2.*i ** “ ** “ (per quarter).... 3.25 t« call Fubftcribcr* (per annnm, ptra licln adrancf) 12.C10 %. Trt-tv.H.tJy.ipt.T antmo, nayaStelnadraacr) ti.oo Weekly, (per annum,payable insurance) £.OO tST Fractional parts of the year at tbs asme rates. [ tST Tenons remitting *na ot-aertne Ore or more copier of either the Trl-TVeckiy or Weekly rdlttoos, . may irLalntenperc«a:ofthe*otwcrl?Uon price as a commission. , Notjcs to scnscannca.—to ordering the address ot • yonr pupcr* chanced, to prevent delay, be sure and \ specify what edition yon take—Weekly, Trt-Weekly, or Dally. 4150. give yoar PEJisrvr andfitarc address. • DT Money, by Draft, Money orders, or In ■ Letters, taaybesentaloantak. Address, TUI BUNK CU„ Chicago. HI. TUESDAY. JANUARY 1, : 1807. THE OLD* No year ever opened with greater hopes lan that which ha« just been added to the years beyond the Good. Religious men, who r« ad the old prophets, studious men who rrad history, practical men who read passing events, cntbm : astic men who read their own lu arts, all agreed In reading, in their various scriptures, a promise that the year should be on era in the history of the world marked by the passing of the sceptre from the hand of prh sieged men or castes into the hand of the j-oople. How have these anticipations been fill i: hu ? It could cot be otherwise than that such a revolution should move more slowly in the vcrlJat large than in the minds ofindi v'.'uii men. If we can discover events which decide the future, we may be content to give them time to work out their results. Wc cclcbialc birthdays rather than coronations. Every man knows when the United States dvelarcd their independence. Who knows when England acknowledged it! Has ihc year is*.» been a birth year of liK-ity in Christendom? For.ChrMcudom is the world within the world, in which the l> w era is to rise if it comes at all. The year lias seen in Italy the withdrawal of the las* support which sustained the tem poral power of the Papal throne, thn* ful- filling literally the anticipations of Proles t:.iii interpreters, aod etltviiug a separation of church and Stale, which is not so much a divorce as the preparation for that equal xuairiage, by which they may become fruit ful in blessings to the people. I; Las seen in Germany a short, sharp and cccis-ive struggle between ‘the nineteenth caiu:ry and the thirteenth, in which old trudiiio.js have lost l*»c- emblems, as well ai ii:c .-('b.'truu-i of power. n.atlcr that the revolution has bceu effected by the intervention of a census which has u-urped for itself a dictatorship.. Every'war mu.-t hr directed by one master mind, and, therefore, it has always been neecssary that iiifihutiocs, for which the world had no u ■ rc need, should be broken down by a hand whi' h the exigency of the time, as well a- ’la own active power, has raised above .aw. Such power necessarily resigns ;!ll Mipporr from feudalism, and can I.k'M ils office only so long as it co;;:::.;;ci to represent the real ruling p iwer of t.;e nation.';, Btsutark bus u*cd the i.icmrc-'s of modern science to overthrown di-.potifm which was hostile to the ago,.and he is consolidating Germany. Bat Germany I.- m»t to be i uled by any king wuo assumes to be more l ban tbe minister of the thought of the nation. Tli * year has seen in Franca a dictator, who bad become great because he had the craft to that ho must understand and follow the spirit of his age, taught again his own maxim, and consenting to send across the Alps across the Rhine and across the Atlan- tic me acknowledgement that he Is only a subaltern, and that the real ruler of the time is a greater than he. in England the oligarchy which a little while ago seemed consolidated by its sympa thy with the insurrection of oligarchy sgains: liberty in the new world, has been d;.*urL jiiiized, and its strongest dement has cvUjC into sympathy with the party of human right, which will thus become victorious by dvlc.u. For defeat is tbe condition ot sue- cu-* lu any struggle of principle. The spur must draw blood. The Decla ration of Independence, and the days Of Saratoga and Vorktown were decided by the battle of Lexington , and the proolaraa ton of Emancipation and Vicksburg aud Geliyaburg were folded in tbe llag.which was brought home from Sumter. Of the Fouuu agitation, o prominent a feature of the year, we have ti! v to say that it is a part of the movement vi the a;rc, tbc demand of populations for then riahls. Like all tbc other demands it U -lire of its answer. If the nation docs not cjrrrits claim by force, it will secure its rights by the working «»t Its protest upon tnut conscience of Christianity and human ity. wbbh is now delivering the negro from .-til? more helpless bandage. If they want r. liberty which does not accept the golden rule, r.o power can e ivc it to them. The age i> not me re liberal than it is loyal; and in no lime can man be free who has not learned to C'-rcrn himself. In <.ur <»\vn country the year has teen the hrmnient and decision of the cardinal qnes lirn of human covemment. The waMjTas r 0 r sc-K preservation: the Proclamation of ijjijiuhiuiimi wa’ issued upon military no* 0- though both were raised into a hiah I r t'hv:«* by their Intrinsic jut-lice aud loyalty t.i (led and tuati. But when the Union was | vindicated, and the military compulsion was 1- ihe question came back to a people who were coming to the summit of power, 1 whether tiny would do justice because it vr. s just: whether they would accept as a in 7. -or their government that principle of j-.rirnn ri-_i;t to which they had twice ap a- u ]K?wcr lor their deliverance* In Lc question was answered by a com- r py a yea and a nay, winch left the ( iu-piii-.ic half alive s»nd half dead. In ISOd U has been presented to the free suffrage of / vic'ori uis nation,and lias becnanswcicd l v n full '.cil clear yea and atneu. It Is the .-ri j opuiar decision in history, and we c-:i Lui iiy cei'smc the enthusiasm of those who rci.'truhc in it a part of the coming of ti al w.v cuYcvant, which was to come by »!;e writing of liod*o law on the heart? of 11-?" iV.t; The vote is an inadequate measure of the dcc'-ivtiier-. u.‘the victory. That was only lU.. :1k; wind which drives away a blond, ..nd when the cloud is gone, the sky is clear .... the v.a\ t-j the sun or to the Pleiades, wi.urdod • rr-TU dead. It only remains !.i;:y it. Th’vast prejudice against color . : v:;tit IDemocrats in Chicago come .. • r in:i arlial s-ullrage. Copperheads in Vj ;< n vote for negroes fur the Legislature. from the past, we may be confl . ; .Lore nil. remain enough of opposition i- .j. up ih- ardor for the truth, which is ’ g; < .a’.uiiiou cf ovogre&t.. Bull Kun defeats ,-j ;i \f.v Orleans massacres will corneas : “y in »y be needed ; Judases and Arnolds .i. g*> ■.vtv 1 o the enemy as often as there ■.. i d(fa Kaitor; but the cause is safe, >;• J l: r i-no ii.rcer a wise man who tiles to anything Put an honest man. O;. the 'vLv’lc. the year has seen the rccog ni’hnof the of individuals—of the oj’ihe people, and of the sympathy <■fmf.tikli.tJ. it leaves Italy united, and ia-» r-;vve»’. a free enthusiasm. It leaves Gcr :.;uti> and governed by thought. It In:ves i‘ taught by a vew class of cx* j.e;jc::cc> lo 1 dotal to those ideas of right w hl vh rhe is so well able to comprehend, and c other “halm races'’ preparing to accept h'* h of tin. coming era. And the Saxon ~:vc, in Kr.glund and America, arc throwing 1 • a their prejudices of caste and prerogative, of rani: and r.u-e, and arc becoming united 1 \ the refutation ot those cords of sym- j ],aiby. which, ►iace the fail, have lain dor u-fnl in huuianity, even more closely than Ihev sue united by the oc«‘aa cable, vrh «so recov i y U the great phyeiaal triumph of the Already In both we tec assured the -s of a stale; man hip, formed upon the prhiTip'.c. of justice and good will to all men. What oil.-.*r years may bring is yet to be ecu. Wo cannot expect—we could hardly i.uue or desire, tin t they should be free from cli.-'ccuiagoir.cnl al,( * from apparcnl'd'arstcr. Pat wo hare U-arucd very will tbht such arc the men rapid and the surest steps to \lcr ■ -tv. We*cun well trust the future to the Von it which bat guided the past. MlCfCf! , ♦ iOAVEXTIOX, _ * 'ji.c ; ri‘s to which the Slate of Illinois is |k -ul- s ctlcJ, and which oppose themselves I daily to tvtrv good and wholesome reform, m l rcav>u ( f provisions of the Slate Constitu te,. :.(!• >; 1 v.r.nty years ago, under clrcum- li'i.i buv.; long since arc con fLV.-r/d s'isia laty.-ntcd by all. The question of having a Stale Convention toauicnd tbeCon stilution, and to adapt It ;o the .-Lauged cir * cumslancca of the times, la not a puny ques f t »om 1 he ucccseliy of such a Convention Is admitted by all parties, and there is no dif ference of opinion as to nine-tenths of the ameudm'-rts that ought to be made. The "vvhrlc Stale iv.ay be Said to he iu Invor of a Codvclumi, and iu favor of having it at the , f earliest possible moment, and y*-l :t Is very} doubtful u hether we will have any at The Convention of W? that formed the rTC-cJrt Couiuutiou acted, it would seem, \ upon thc-ib-uaUL that with them would die & ) . t u the wisdoiu of the age. They not only , - Tamed a law lor their own government, but V ‘ V g Constitution been made for some foreign land whose people were ignorant of the rndlmcnts of government. Itsccmcd never to have oc curred to them that tho million of people inhabiting the State ten years later, or the two and a half millions of twenty years later, might be fully capable of making an organic law for tho State. The Constitution there* fore proWd.-a-ogainst any Convention for Its amendment, short of four yejra of prelimi nary proceedings. . It is true that the people ratllicd the Constitution containing that clause, but If that clause was void In the bo* ginning, no seeming ratification of it as a part of the Constitution can give it validity a* against tbc people of the State. The j-offer 10 make a Constitution is in tho people. They cannot part with that power even if they choose. It cannot be alienated; they cannot port with it volun tarily, nor can it bo token from them by force; Us exercise may be suspended by superior force, and the people themselves may refuse to pat it in operation, but the power Itself remains in the people, to be used by them at any time they may think fit. We speak of course of the power of a people to make and unmake Constitutions and laws for their own exclusive government, and not of the power to destroy or make Constitu tions to which they arc only a party with others V. c deny that the restriction in the Const!* | union of the Slate of Illinois forbidding the assembling, except alter the specified for* ma!itlcs, of a CVuvcntlru to form a now Con stitution l» or can be a valid restraint upon the power of the people. If the people can restrict themselves from amending their Constitution for lour years, they condo so for a hundred years, and if for a hundred, then they may bind posterity, by auirrepcal able law, forever. Ouo generation cannot thus deprive another of Us inherent rights. Where did the Convention of 1847 obtain Us authoiity to propose a Constitution? From the people. Have not the people of ISG7 the same right to amend a constitution uo longer suitable, that the people of 1547 had ? Could the people of the £tatc In 1847 take away from the succeeding generation the power whieh is inherent in, aud always remains In the whole people. The Legislature of Illinois have the au thority to submit to the people of this State for their decision the question whether there shall or shall not be a Convention to remodel the CVnstilution, and that question may oo submitted by an}' Legislature, ami the vote of the people thereon may be fixed to take place at any time. If the people vote afiinn ativcly, wbo is to question their authority ? Who U to question the right of the people to order a Convention of their own delegates to prepare a new, or an amended, Constitution ? Who else In the Slate, save the people, have any voice or authority in the matter? Who h> the other parly to object? When that Convention, thus ordered, meets and submits its work to the people lor approval or dis approval, who Is there to question the de cision that will be made thereon? If the people order the Convention, and ratify its action, in what essential particular will the Constitution thus provided lack the forma of law? What, even under our Constitution, are the essentials of a new or amended Constitution? Is it In the pre liminary proceedings? Certainly not; for .hey may a’l be bad, and still there may bo nu Constitution. The only thing essential is tiie consent aud approval of the people; without that all the formalities arc senseless thow; with that, the Constitution is valid, no matter whether those forms he adhered to or not. It the people endorse and make the call h r a Convention their own. aud subse quently approve and ratify the proposed Constitution, cvciy essential feature of the pirn of amending the Constitution is pre served, and the failure to follow the mere 1 matier ol form will In no way vitiate the pro- it can be little cecdtng. Thcielsnojustorlcgal objection to har ing a Constitutional Convention without de lay. Let the Legislature by law provide for submitting the question of 4 ‘For Conven tion,” or “Against Convention,” to be voted on by tbe people at tbe April elections, and provide for the election of delegates at the same time. If there be a majority of the elector* voting for tbe Convention, thou let ibe delegates elected meet in June and pre pare a Constitution. Theirworkcan bo sub mitted to the people at un election in Sep tember, and if ratiilcd, the new Constitution can go Into effect in the January following. Three years of useless waste of time may thus be avoided, aud the State permitted at once to relieve her industry aud her capital ftom the thraldom in which they arc now held under constitutional bonds which be long to a past age, ami are wholly out of place now. lIC.SPITAI.ITx AND PuMTUS. Apropos of the visit of the Congressional excursion party to the South, the New Or leans Picayune declares that if they “arc lion* “csl and iuiclligeuL men,” the result of their v:iit “cannot fail to influence their public “course, and ■ avc a beneficial etlVet upon “Congressional legislation.” it “ventures “to assert” that they have found the which Las been £ou>Ucni people everywhere “sincerely at- “ ‘..ched to the Constitution and Che Couslt ‘lulional Union, little disused to do more “ than note with sorrow (hr tmtrta ours? of “J-'iUrul ItyhhiCwu, and mainly lutent on “ measures tending to rebuild their shit “lticd fortunes.” It also says it will be “much mistaken It they have found tiny “where that injustice and violence to the “frccjiaen widely prevail, that original “Union men cannot live lu safety at their “homes,” and it hails the advent ol the Congrcssmcn as “conclusive cvidcuce tliat “they arc donbtlul—very doub.ful—as to “the truth of the representations made by 44 the Hamilton*, Holdens, King Cutlers, 44 Ac., the so-called loyalists of the South.” The South has always claimed to be Lite pattetn of chivalry, and the shining cx- ample of hospitality, politeness and icline ment. It has always asserted that the highest honor that could be conferred on a human being, was an admission to the social circles of the Southern cavaliers ; and every Northern Roundhead, who received this crowning glory of man’s existence, was held to be In duty bound to cast himself at the feet of his patrons, out of sheer gratitude for their great condescension. If he had views aud opinions of his own, he was to have them no longer. The magic charm of Southern society- was expected to lull the conscience Chat had once cried out against oppression, and to shape the opinions of the guest to the Southern mould. It is evident that the PiVoyencstill holds to this doctrine, and has unabated faith in the cou«|ncrlng power of the social superiority of the South. It expects a few good meals hastily eaten at different points, in the Southern States, to change the most cherished sentiments and mature opinions of the visitors—to cou- vince them that the South is altogether right, and that their own course of public octlon has been “unwise.” Fear* less Bee. Wade, for example, is to sur render his life-long convictions to the irre .-itlible power of a New Orleans dinner, and all his comrades in this flying pilgrimage, ate to fall down and worship at the same .•-brine. II they do not, what then ? Why, they arc neither “ honest” nor “Intelligent.” It seems to be an article peculiar to the creed of Southern hospitality, that the man who is invited to dine, and refuses to become converted to the jKfiiUcal opin ions of Ills host, before he gels up from the table, Is a scoundrel or an idiot. The very fact of accepting an invitation to dine in New Orleans, is held hy the Picayune to be an expression of doubt as to. the truth of the statements of Governor Hamilton, Governor Holden, Thomas J. Du rant, and K. King Culler. True. such condition was annexed to the Invitation, which was simply an Invitation to partici pate In a railroad excursion ; but this makes no dliferencc, since, by the common law of Southern hospitality, as expounded by our cotemporary, there is an implied promise to believe everything the fortunate unest Is asked to believe. They have excel lent conking In New Orleans, and choice wines direct from the best cellars of France, most tempting to the palate, unsurpassed ‘in this country ; but when the Picayune ex peels to convert Covgross to the President's reconstruction policy by means of these deli cacies, we think It quite overestimate* their power, and toe certain that U .•'as no conception of the solid rock of principle which underlies the course ol Federal legislation which it so flippantly calls, “unwise." W hen the Picayune discovers dhal the New Orients dinners ami the condescending at tentions of General Beauregard and Sheriff Harry Hays, have net converted the radical Congressmen to the rebel opinions, we make no doubt It will open itsbatteries upon them for “ abasing Southern hospitality." This is somewhat different from the rules of what is called good society in the North, where guests at dinner arc treated as gentlemen, without having their jndUical views questioned, acd wheie men who get up from dessert or wine with the same sentiments they entertained before soup, arc rut on that account held to be eiihir dishonest or deficient lu under standing. That the Congressional visitors will bear nothing of Southern disloyalty, and witness t:o cruelly and Injustice against while Union men or frtedmen, I® quite certain. It is not to be expected that the parly would be cn : tertained in such a manner. It - was not to be expected that Harry Hays would engage the attention of the party, by a recital oflhc port bis brigade took In, Ibe 'massacre of July 30ih, or that such an exhibition of savage ferocity would he repeated lor the amusement of the guests; or that Mayor Monroe would declare to them that none but ex-rebel soldiers could receive an appoint meat under Lis government. Yet the graves of A. P- DosUc and of‘John Henderson ant not far from the hall in which the party was entertained, and a hundred nameless graves ir-.’iiv of no offence. murdered in »old blood, tbo victims of a barbarous and malignant hatred, are silent witnesses to tho cruelty aud Injustice inflicted upon tho weak and de fenceless by the rebels of New Orleans, who, tho Picayune dccl res, are “sincerely at tached to the Constitution and tho Constitu tional Union.” These graves of Union martyrs, so lately made, and the hundreds of Union exiles who daro not return to Louisf ana for fear ol violence and murder, speak louder than such hollow professions. We do not suppose that if a Con gicssional party were to visit North Carolina, Governor Worth would prepare for the’r reception by arranging for an exhibi tion of tbo whipping-post, so stoutly main tained by himself and Andrew Johnson as the bulwark of North Carolina freedom and civilization. Nevertheless, the whipping post would exist, and the circumstance that the visitors should not see It, would not, probably, change their views either of tho fact or of its barbarity. So, when the Pica yvne expects the Congressional excursion party to disbelieve in cruelty and Injustice because they do not witness instances of them, or to disbelieve 1m disloyally because their host does not bawl out at the top of his voice: “lam a rebel”—or to disbelieve iu the marsacrc because tho Mayor docs n*A I take them to view the gi aves of Us victims, it is as fault as when It expects them to yield their opinions to the Influence of a hasty plate of soup. 2£ T ~ A war between Austria and Turkey, which the telegraph informs ns Is meditated, would be a fine thing, especially If both Governments should net soundly whipped and utterly used up by it. Both have for centuries been great stumbling-blocks in the road of human progress; both belong to a past age of civilization. The friends of free dom in Europe would regard such a contest very much as, in this country, they look upon the squabble between the Chicago Timet and that wing of the Copperhead party (by lar the stronger) whose skulls arc too thick even to be penetrated by a single principle of progress. By all means let such people fight, and keep at It till they find the last ditch together. pf-' see that it is proposed in some quarters that the approaching legislative cau cus for United States Senator shall vote by ballot, instead of Wro voce . Wo trust that no member of the Legislature Is so cowardly as to hide himself from his constituents bphlud a secret ballot in the most important pro ceeding of the whclc session. The establish ed mode of voting far candidates in the caucus is viva voce. Those who wish to In tioducc the ballot system, ii there‘be any such, must desire to do something which they would be ashamed to avow, and for this vciy raison the viva voce system should bo maintained. The New York Herald manifests a dis position to cease paying fifty thousand dol lars per year, in addition to giving away its news, to tail np two or three foolish Western newspapers. Wo have never bceu able to see the point of the joke ourselves. %ZfT Bennett, Jr., has achieved quite a tri umph in the ocean yacht nee. If he cannot run the Jkrahl so well us the old man, lie can tail a yacht much bettor. POLlTiCaii, Official retains from the Nevada elrcMon give Blaiedcll, Republican, for Governor, 1,020 rai- Joiliy, and A.hlcy, Republican, for Congress, 830 majority. The Washington Chronicle says that late letters received Iroxn Tennessee have no doubt that the l.pghl.;ture will pass a bill conferring tbo ballot Four of the Tennessee upoatLc colored race. Representatives in Ccngrea*=—Stokes, Maynard, Aru II Hawkins voted for Impartial suffrage Jn the District of Columbia. The Washington corrc-pond.-nl of the Philadel phia .Pmo WiUes lint “a dis:ingul-b<d states- man, couinentictr upon the rcc?nt dccWiou of the Supreme Conit declaring military MU-muls un- corsWßtioEcl. charriclotlxed it as. Hit- tad of Ihe Dml r-cott serpent still wricgliug ia the present generation.’ ” The call of the Connecticut Democracy for o State Convention, to meet at New ilavcu July is addressed not only to the Democracy proper, but to “all others who would unite with them lu council,” “for the prrpose of considering the revolutionary acts of the ptc-eul Radical Con- greSP, and to adopt such measures,” ote. Jn bis report upon the condition of South Caro lina, General Sickles relates that in one ca-o, where a ft* edmau was murdered, tbe two men who killed him act upon the coroner's jury, and united In the verdict (hat “:he deceased come to his death by causes unknown." The Republicans of the First Congro’sioml District ol New Hampshire have uominstid Jacob H. Els as a candidate Tor Congress. Three ballot mgs were had, and, on the last, the vole stood: Elu, 32J; Wheeler, IIP; SUrston, 2; Rollin', 9. The nomination vos mado unanimous, end Mr. ITa accepted the nomination In an abt-s speech. General A. F. sHcvens has been nominated in the Accord Bfctiict. J : .s-Govcr«:or Bontwctl delivered a lecture in Breton. on ihe evening ot tre 2*th ultimo, upon ••Tie j abjectcf the restoration of iho Untou and its relation to business,” in he outset ho stated that the restoration of the Union was mc.'i taipoi :aut to the business community, aud should b carefully considered by thcoi. Be then clearly de fect! whai was tueaul by immediate restoration. which many urged Impatiently; it meant thcretarn to power o' men who bad been rebels, and who v.ere i chi Is, men who unquestionably seek the destruc tion ol die Government. Atu-c shoeing by fig ures that slavery bad tended to prevent the growth of the population of the South and the develop ment of Us di-cussed the various plans offered for reconstruction. He condemns the Ihreidcut’s plan, aud al»o that which suggest ed only tLc adoption oftae Constitutional Amend ment, as simply a nstoiattou of power to the •ebcls r.nd a mum ol the ancient order of things. The plan proposed by many of admitting the vtalcs when tliCj should adopt ihe Ainviidment, acd also n Fystcm of impartial restricted suf- I; ago ou a basis of cancalton or property, was al- *o objected to, a? it would give to the rebels mo live* to keep from the colored population ciiuca- Hon, and thus pu-h them from tbe ballot-oox. The i-nly } lan that would be Just. Lc held, was toe adop'tou of the Amendment in addition to a law ol cimiif-al Mr. Philips, editor of the Howard Trl'junt, published at Kokomo, Howard County. Indiana, lbs closed hh connection with that paper, au- uonuciiig that 44 financial rain has overt ikon" The fact is that after successfully conduct- injr the 'J'riovru as a Ualou oigaii for ecvcral yeare, Mr. Phillips lu nn evil bcur, became hq advocate ol **my policy.” His subscriber?* at began to fall oil, and be lost the sympathy and support of his best friends. The terras of eighteen Senators—four Johnson ilea and fourteen Unionists—expire on the fourth ofMaich next. Of these, but one, Mr. Sherman, has been elected to snccccd hluuclt. Two Kc- publicana have been circled to succeed the pre sent Dcmerratlc Incumbents—Mr. Cole, of Call lornia in place of Mr. McDongall, and Mr. Corbett, of Oregon, in place of Mr. Nesmith. Throe no* Itepu •beaus succeed predecessors of the «amc politics—General Ferry tak ing tfce place of Mr. Foster, of C\«ncclnllcut; Uon.Jv.ncs Marian tbnt of Mr. Kirkwood, of lowa, and Mon. Justin S. Morrill that of Mr. Edmonds of Vermont. The places of wo Democrats—Messrs. Cowan, of Pennsylvania tnd Davis. of Kentucky—ami ton Unionist*— ilcsfr?. munbnll, of liUno’e. Lane, of Indiana, Pomeroy ami Hess, of Kansas, Crcsswell, of Mary land, Drown. of Missouri, Focp, of New Damp* fhin. Hams, of Sc* York, liowv, of Wisconsin, and Nye, of Nevada—arc elill to be filled. Tlic complexions of the Legislature? of the several sjatts assure us that tho only political changes will be the ejection of a Republican from Pennsyl vania, In place ol Mr. Cowan, and the tlection of u Democrat from Maryland In place of Mr. Cres wcll, leaving a net pain for the Union party of two in the nest s'cnaic, the Unionist* nuaibcrinc foiiy aid their opponent twelve. l*t us now take n plancc a* the field In detail, in Ktnlccky Garret Davis (with no chance,) is a candidate, as is al&o Rousseau and Breckcnrldpe lifhccanpct a par«lon>. Governor Bramlelte and M-rci’al others. In Pennsylvania the contort has assumed a triangular shape, the three points hs ingr herd by cx-Govcrcor Curtin, Gen«val Simon Can*cion r.udHuii. Thaddd*.us Slovens. One of tlie iltrcewill win, probably Cameron, In Illinois, ’he tirnguleis between Judge Trumbull. Uovcmor Oclcsby, Geceiats Logan and Palmer. The coa ted will be au active, good-natured one. In Indiana Use contest takes n triangular shape—the ranfiidbtes being Governor Morton, lion. Georg*; W. .Tulum, acd lion. Jumea B. Cravens. Gov* etiio: Merton has the lead. In Missouri, llou. i hades 1L Drake and Governor Fletcher are the chH rival candidates, while the names of llon- Henry T. Blow, Uon. Samuel Knox and lion. Guorgo P. SUoug ace tometlmes mentioned. Mr. Draco, at present, leadi the column. In Katsre there ait* thirty odd aspirants for tic late General Lane's vjcm.-*y ntd the cr- J.ln d term of Mr. Pomeroy. Mr. P< meioy will probably he his own successor, who will fill the other vacancy, none less than a prophet can tell, in Maryland it was supposed that Governor would sneered Mr, CresawelU but there Is a law on the statute books of that State against iu I>y that law the candidate must come from the Eastern Shore, and Governor Swann don't possess Urn’ qualification. Tie can only get Into the Sen ate by the reocal of that law, which wc suppose will be done. In Witconalu, Mr. Ilowc will be hi? o' 1 b successor, as will probably Mr. Fogg tc New Hampshire. In New York, the contest will be lv» tween Uon. Roscoc Conkllng andlloulra Usui?, incumbent. Mr. Greeley seems to be entirely out of the question. We hope for A... Conklttig’s election, and think we shall he gratified. In Kcvada there an about a score ol aspirants for General Nyo’a place. Ihe Senate will be stronger for freedom in the Fortieth Congress than ills In the Thirty nlt.ih. The new blood will be ol the vigorous, nscnly and hesiiby kind. The Kiohtno* IHfjrctc’ • has Pic following ta re lation lo the uJip pn.cerv-1 (’■*. South by tie Dem ocrats ot the Koith: 44 Will they fight r Not ibry. They humbugged the South before the late "Mr with the idea that they were as staongb Stale lujMr meuas Yancey ; hut wood tic war tocsin founded, *hcy got them Into caves and h 'i r.* "iib the wolves and bats. 'Aplsgneou sneb fi’cuJ?.’ say we.” The Fan Fr.uxUco Spirit tf th* Tim'* *aj> •‘•at the Union Sure Convci» ? tni will not convene for eir month*; y ' the following geul'eucu have aa nonreed tb»-UL'< candidate* tor fi-vecoor: Gearpe C. Gorl-uns, at present Clerk of the United Stales Pbtnct ronrt; Frank 21. Pikely, D. C. Me itner, C. T. Mciu.'r, c’Slockloc; T. M. Marina, at present t.luiUuan. Governor; John of cL!co, now rcpresenticff California In Con ; ,1. 11. .Tctyi it. banker. There aro five can d'dal- r lor P«a-u Printer; three tor Attorney Gen irul; four for Ju>ce of the Supreme Court; ten ft r IfcprcrcnioUves in Congte-s, and three for Ibo Uu'Ud Stales Senator to nil Hoc. John Comic*** place, Mr. Count's himself being of the number. THE FARM AND GARDEN. Vann Buildings and Farm Improve ments—Tbo Pteccry—The Cora-House -How 10 fliake Farm 'Structures CtienpdßcanUTkil and Vseftfi, [From oar Agricultural Correspondent.] CnjUtFAtcN, Decomber ST. In the first settlement ol a country, any makeshift tliat trill answer for the time be ing for use may be excused. Sheds covered with brush and prairie hay, corn-cribs of ra’ls, covered with com stalks, or not cov ered at all, hog-pens of poles and stables of logs, may, one and all, be tolerated for a lime. They are the exceptions, not the rule, of good farming. They do not belong to the age of orchards and gardens, but to the squatters on public lauds, or the pioneer on uncultivated prairie, or the wild forest. Wo cannot expect to sec fine houses, extensive bams and other outbuildings grow up In a night, for the genii of Aladdin has never visited the West, bnt the progress of the age Is a great substitute, and wo see them appear ono by one, as the plow sweeps down the wild growth, and In its track springs up the cultivated grains and grosses. Slowly the gardenia extended, and the bed of beets and the row of cabbage arc flanked by long rows of entrants, of gooseberries, of strawberries, of raspberries, of blackberries, and ol grapes. Most assuredly, while such improvements are being made, and the foundation ol a pleasant and heallhlul home Is being laid, we may well tolerate the make thills above noted. But ncltbcrgood policy, good latte or the increasing demands tor more room will tolerate delay. The pioneer who has no ambition lor a garden of small Units, or for a good orchard, will make no progress, lie may stay on the farm, but he wQI not live there. Such a man v, ill seldom take a paper that .would tcueU him better things. The fact Is, we have some conservative iarmers as well as conservative politicians. A stranger passing though the country has no difficulty in pointing out the reading and non-reading farmer, by the very aspect ol his home surroundings. A fimner may be poor, very poor, yet there may be taste displayed, even on a small scale. Happiness does not always abide in large houses and tine larn», bnt they make a desirable home for it. The lamer who can make everything comfortable about him, gives his Lomu a ehecrlul appearance to the stranger and Lave evciytuiug lend to the useful, Is ou the right road. Buildings mmt be planned, the material gathered together and mechanics employed. All this requires lime aud money. But the nnike-sUiltb must come to an end,tor with the progressive limner there la no repose. The uhocls of progress move iorwurd and arc not allowed to stop in some deep conservative rut. Jn onr last letter was presented a plan for lUe old barns that were built in the caily days to suit tuc pockets and wants ot tliu pioneers. Now wc propose to discuss other larm buildings The pioneer has become a farmer, and it Is expected tlmt be shall begin to make his taim pleasant and useful. To inis end he must lay out his plans end put up his build* logs, one by one, as his menus will allow. Let us take the outbuildings In the order of ilielr nsclultcfS. The bam and cow stable have been disused of, and the next in order is Tnc nr. pen. This ean be made of any she, to suit tbo wan's of the farmer; yet there are certain tbact common to them all, and which wc must take Into consideration in their con- function. If ihe building rests on posts neat the ground, the ru»s will make their home under it, and the sillsaud lioor will soon deejy. If set up at least three tcet, so as to ,«Uow the hogs to pass under it, no rat will burrow underneath, and it will make an agreeable place for hi.- swiucohlp In summer, mid the building will last a long time. Wc had occasion to alter over a piggery the past summer that had been used lor eight years, and found the tlorr plank apparently os sound as the day they were put in. Burr oak posts of a foot in diameter will last at Ivaet llmty years for this purpose, and eo&t but a small sum, as Compared to stouc or biick pieta. Of course it is supposed that the farmer has a heg lot or he u ouid nut be at the cost of putting up a pig-pen. A very good size lor a pig-peu is twenty- four by llurly-two feet. Make an alley four feel through* the long way and we have a w idth of ten left on each side for pens. fcup|-« se we divide one side iuto two pans making two pens, ten by sixteen feel. This would give sixteen square feet of space to each heg, aud ten hogs to the pen, or twenty fatting hogs. ’We will now divide the other side mto three parts and make two oi them Into pens ami leave the other hundred square loot of space for food from which to feed, fur we would never feed ou the ground outside of the pen. When it becomes necessary to shut up a breeding sow, a litter of pig**, or any small number of the hog family, the small pens could be used, while tbe larger ones nre for fatting begs. Of course breeding sows must be for a part of the time kept by themselves. These pens do not communicate with each other, but are entered from tbe outside by a plank roadway, ou which cleats arc nailed to prevent their slipping. Doors arc pro vided to each entrance, so as to be used at pleasure. 'With such tupen wc can have full control of the hogs, both large and small, and which will accommodate thirty to forty, old and young. Asa genetul thing the hogs arc not con fined id these pens, but use them at all times for lending and in the winter lor rests. During the summer they will prefer to sleep on the ground under the pen, which at all keeps them dij* and sheltered from the idorms. The slops Jnua the house will sup ply them with salt, and to their food should luTadded coal from time to time as they need. When al owed to root they will use little *-u-l, hut if they arc confined to their pens or have their noses cut, so that they cannot root the ground, they will consume a large amount daily. Grown hogs have been known to average otic and a half pounds daily. "We li-vc lived lor several yea»s in the midst of hog cholera, but have* never had a case of it among our twine; but of this when wc treat ui ini* subject. If have a good warm bed, and are sheltered from the wind, they will continue to tin ivc in cold weather, but if neglected the food is lost—that is, the hogs will w eh.h no more al the end of the cold term than at the beginning; hence so much fix'd b lost. It is true that hogs can be kept warm without un expensive piggery, but when we consult all tbe advantages, wo v.'U Ibul it will pay well in tins end. Hog puis jh* often a nuisance about the farm house, and the aroma anything but agree able, but one constructed on the plau'pro f 0.-rd, will not offend the nostrils of the most fastidious. We Lave seen visitors pass and repass such a piggery, without sus pecting the use to which it was put. From pigs and pig pens wc come, very naturally, io coni and cokk norsns. The most common corn pen is made of mils, ot ten feet loner. In the first place, n flooring of mi’s is laid down, on which the corn is to rest, and a pen Is built up on them. This is carried os Inch as a man can throw iu tile com from a wagon with a scoop, shovel-say ten lect. A pen of this kind trill hold about four hundred bushels of corn. UccaMonally a farmer will cover these pens with boards, but it is more com mon to see the com hcuued up in the centre, to form the only roof. Iu wet seasons it is safe to estimate a loss of one-third. This nay be called conservative fanning, which originated somewhere south of the Ohio, and was brought with the pioneers from that part ot the country. The custom has to some extent been adopted by conservative men from other parts of the country who have come to the West. There is a social feature about this kind of crib that is worthy our consideration. Almost Invariably the owners are fond of tnrkcy shooting, and you will generally Had them on such occasions deeply interested, not only in shooting at the birds, but in shooting the dice a*, the ruflle that is so highly prized at these gatherings of the rural sportsmen. Saturday is also a social day for this class of farmiit-,' who spend the day in towu to hear the news, get the market quotations, and have a goou time generally. At the East we otton see the com-crlb and graincry combined under the name ot c*»m house. ’ A structure sixteen by twenty-four icet made a good sized corn-house. A crib for corn on each side of four feet, the sides Oaring out to five feet at the tup, with a floor eight feet wide. In which to thresh or shcH the com. At the end a bin for grain, four by eight feel. Iu the summer the old hand-foom occupied this Uoor, where the wile or daughter wove the Kersey blankets and the woollen wear of the family. But here on the prairies, we want room fur more corn and less loom, though a little inside space for agricultural Implements would not come amiss. It Is a question whether any of us, who have built corn-houses, arc fully satisfied with them—that is, durable and good-looking houses, that may well become the pn'grcseivc farmer. Individual!) we have made four attempts at the com house, but do not propose to give on outline of either, but a mere fancy one, that we might attempt were we to make another essav at com house architecture tel the burr oak posts, as for the pig pen, colv two instead of Three feet above ground. Have tbe bills of six and eight inch timber, and make two frames, eight by thirty-two feet each ; set them twelve feet apart, to allow of a drive way between them. For the foor put In two hr cljbt inch joist, ami cover with strips three inches v.idc, with a span ot three-fourths of an inch between them, to allow of a free circulation of air upward from be low ; make the outside walls light, and the m-ide ‘me with space for air, so that no snow or n. : a can be driven in on to the com. Over the whole should be a good shingle roof, a storage room overhead, to be reached by an casv flight of stairs, with a hoisting hole in the centre of the floor, with a good windless attached. The walls should be t-n feel to eaves. The. doors on rollers. with windows in the end‘opposite the door, and in both ends abo-c. Iu such a com bouse one can store over two thousand bushels of cem in the cribs, while the floor above could contain small grain, farm implements, or a place for a work bench for tbe repair of tools. The windless would be used to fill the upper part of the cribs, the floor, and to hang up a htYf, ns occasion might require. Vfilh an endless wdlway horse-power, the •-helm g and grinding of corn could be done dmlns stormy days In winter. The lower pa it inside would be boarded tight to ex clude the wind and storm. The corn would be well aired, and. ns rats could not burrow under it, we need expect little loss from them. rnt nxr; nor?E should be placid near the.crib so that the cl b hs could pick up all the loose corn that Jail through the bottom slats; and besides, the sp.*ci: muiar the crib beln< al wavs d»v, would :.-iukea good place lor the chickens to be sheltered from storms, and gives them dry earth to roll In. Our corn house !s therefore not a combi nation ol ordcis of architecture, hut of vari ous uses. A small patch of red cedar trees mar the crib would form a part of the roost* lug wing of the hen house, and all we should need of tins building would be the laying and batching drpartment. Wt do not Intend to set up a new order of architecture, hut to throw out a few hints to tbc profession that may enable them to con struct farm buildings cheap, beautiful ami useful. THE OUTSIDE FINISH. For wood buildings, stock boards a toot wide, with ballons of three inches, will make a cheap smlbcrviceablc weather hoard ing. These wo would have planed and painted. For the bottom six inch fencing is just the thing, planed and sawed through, boos to make tvo strips each. It matters little bow many knots there are in the l»oards if they are solid, providing that, be fore the paint is applied, over the knots la put a good coat oi shellac, dissolved In alcohol. Mineral paint is the cheapest and most durable aud can be had of various colors. Put on your paint with boiled oil, without the addition of turpentine or benzole. A nice cornice adds mnch to the appear ance of tbc building and should be added. All doors should be on rollers, so that they may not be broken by the wind. Farmers have too long indulged In cheap dingy farm buildings, often dilapidated, and going to decay for tbc want of palot. Let ns nave a change begin by reconstructing the old barns and other buildings, give them a pleasant, continuous aud more con venient inside arrangements, and then add new ones from time to time, os your resources will allow. But above all do not set a botch carpenter at the work, even If he will work at half price, have It done by a good workman, and see that you have the plans all right, and that they are fully carried oat. Rciul. THE TICKSBURG CONFLAGRATION. Interesting Particulars by an Bye-Wit neesoftlic Scene—Tbc BmUUcw Fury or the Flame#—lmmense Destruction of Ftuperty. (Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Vicxencna, Miss., December 21. While the churches were In session last evening an alarm of lire was sounded, and with such startling suddenness, os quickly brought most of the male portion of the congregations to their feet. The locality of the lire soon became apparent, as a red glow was perceived above the business portion ot the city, and in tbc direction of the levee. It was here first discovered, close by the water, in a block of buildings, partly of brick and partly frame. Just at this time, the breeze blew very fresh Irom the west, slightly north, being a little diagonal with the streets running up from the river. The fire, thus making its way eastward and up the hill, soon crossed Levee street, taking in its way solid blocks of storage and commission, and other houses, and seizing rapidly upon a mass of wooden buildings be yond that burned like tinder, the Haines careering most riotously and sending a shower of cinders fur over upon the buildings beyond. Thus the fire drove rapldlv up the hill, getting entirely beyond control. Few tint Took< a upon that awful spectacle im agined that it would be possible to save any of the business portion of the city, unless a miracle should interpose. Thus the flames crossed up to Mulberry street, taking the whole breadth of the square from the Prentiss House, on Crawford street, to Clay, the next street to the noith. Amass of brick and frame buildings on Mulberry street, including blocks of storage aud comiulsaiun houses, were rapidly seized upon, and It now began to be evident that Washington, the principal business street of the city, was seriously threatened. Here, extending from the corner of Clay street, were five splendid stores, lately erected, which were occupied by hardware and jewelry firms, aud the bookstoie of Wcodi uff & DUerens. Thfe-c escaped uninjured. A tine block of stores In ibe same square, opposite the theatre, was vapidly consumed, extending to the corner of Crawford street, and another ex tending from the opposite corner of (Jraw- Ibid towards South street. This tine block contained Washington Hall, wjierethc Meth odist Church lately held ft festival, and the Episcopalians were to hold another this eve ning. About this time, the wind haring consid erably subsided, the (lames began to spread much more leisurely, as If they had become satiated with their work of destruction. Another block of buildings on the south side of Craw fold and west of Mulberry, brick stoics tied frame houses, was consumed, but by the superhuman exertions of General Dudley and'statf, nnd the soldiers under his command, who were promptly ordered cut, fatigue parties as weft as guards, lor the otherwise unprotected goods, the lire was prevented front passing over to the brick stores beyond. The lire did not cross to the cast side of Washington street, where tbe buildiugs were well served with water by persons upon the roofs. It is but due to tuy that the tfceiimen wore concerned in this service, and also did good work on the brakes. A fine engine was partially burned on Crawford street. A great deal ot activity was displayed by soldiers and citizens In re moving the d(Vris. and everything combus* tiblc from the streets, under orders of Gen eral Dudley. The lire burned up ttf the Prentiss House, but did uot cross the street. The theatre, on Washington street, was scorched. At one o’clock litis morning the lire was so far sub dued as, with proper care, to excite no fur ther apprehensions. Every building that was touched was burned to the ground. Tito foregoing description will afford a sutUcicnt notion of the area burned over. I have not time to go into particulars, but am Informed on good authority that the loss will proba lily reach a million and a half of dollars. It may even exceed that figure. 11. UTAH, Annual f»Zct*sage of Governor Rarlsec -I’rogrcMOf (lie Territory. Governor Durkce, of Utah, has delivered his annual message. From it wo extract the following with regard to the mineral resour ces of that Territory: “During the past year some progress has been made in the development of the un questionably peat mineral wealth of our Territmy. Assays and other experiments would seem to demonstrate that the Cotton wood, Kmh Valley, Bingham, Kanyon and Mineisvillc mineral districts are equal In richness to any yet discovered upon the con tinent. “The Pahranagat mines, too, much more extensive, as lar as worked, have proved equally rich, and, although probably soon to be annexed to the Stale of Nevada, will yet. by their contiguity to our settlements and avenues of travel, be, to a great extent, equally dependent upon us lor supplies, as those within our borders. “ The value of these mines to our people, both from their rich products aud from the home market furnished for our surplus agri cultural products, caunot bo over-estimated. Although the highest degree of success in their working cannot be looked for until the completion of the Paciflc Railroad .shall in augurate the era of a cheap transportation and supplies, yet much will meanwhile be accomplished by the enterprising capitalists ofonrown and foreign countries: “ The great importance of creating a home market for our products Is evidert to all; and, for that reason, as well as others, the development of our mineral wealth should be encouraged and protected in every man ner possible by prudent aud fostering legis lation. I would respectfully again call your at tention to the desirableness of taking imme diate jtepa towards forming an ample collec tion of mineral specimens from all portions of the Territory. The proprietors ot mineral lodes would gladly donate such specimens, atul a collection could thus he formed, al most without cost, which would be of great value, as exhibiting truthlully toonr people, ur.d to strangers visiting the Territory, our great resources iu the department of the precious metal.” SEW TOUR GOSSIP. Rumored Failure of Hall A* Black— StrwarpH Sirw tlou»e— rkevvapaper CTiaticca—Retirement of n Mock Broker. I • [From Hie New York Evening Gazette, Dee. Generous patronage will not always suf fice to save au overstocked dealer, as the ru mored collapse of the Wug established house of Bail & Black w ould seem to prove- We sincerely hope that Messrs. Ball & Black will not have to succumb. It will be too, too bud if a firm of such standing and popu lurilv must go bv the board because of over purchases at a lime when gold was fullin':. They will have the sympathy, as they have lone commanded the trade, of u vast num ber ol persons all over the country. If the re port shall Indeed prove correct. We under stand that they imported an immense stock for the holidays, especially of massive and elegant jcwc'ry. The New York correspondent of the TTart fort that Mr. Stewart’s new house will cost $1,£00,000, and that there l« a re port in circulation to the eifeet that Mr. Stewart is soon to retire irom business. The writer sars: “There is no truth in the statement of the Boston Trantcrii* that the Comwifrriol Aih'criiser has been sold to a joint floek company, of which Thurlow Weed is the leading spirit. Tbe paper still remains in the hands ol the proprietors who purchased it throe years ago the present mon h. There is, however, some foundation lor the report that the Jftvnu.j? L'rpre** is to be told, owing to the suit brought. against it by S. T. Clarke, now of the Trttone, but formerly financial editor of the* Erprtt*. Yon will remember that Clarke soca the Brooks Brothers for hi* share In the concern, which he charged bad been dishonestly with held from him. The court decided In his favor, and ordered the paper to be sold." Speaking of the great impetus recently given to the open board of stock broker?, this correspondent says: “The regular heard has now received a severe blow in the withdrawal of one of the oldest and most irflncnlinl members, Mr. Lockwood, who finds his son into the open board. It now looks as if the open and close corporations may be united into one.” MEXICO. .Ifaxlmillon and tlxc Empire—Com xuaudn or tbc Emperor Napoleon— iDnxtmliian to the Mexican People. IF;cm the New Orleans Picayune, December 23. f The steam ship Alliance, from Vera Cruz the 2lst, brings us papers from all parts of Mexico as late as due. Among them Is the address of the Ministry on Foreign Affaire and tbc Marine in the name of thd Emperor, to the Mexican people. It recites in Incld manner the arrival of Maximilian la Mexico, hi? enthusiastic and earnest labors, the res toration of otder, the nnnonnectnentof the speedy withdrawal ofthcFrench, the tecom incnct moot of the civil war, and the present dangerous condition of the country. In tills , niergcncv, it says, the Emperor charged his Ministry with the duty of convening ana lional Congress, which will be done without dclov. The Council Is now preparing the bastf upon which this sovereign council shall be called together. The address concludes with the following Important sentence, iu reference to the relations between the French ami the Emperor: . . , “Ills Majts»y. the Emperor, nas received within a few days post the most explicit as surances from bis Excellency, Marshal Ha zaluc, and which are la conformity with the commands uf Us sovereign (Napoleon), to co operate with him io the interests of order nnd peace, and give bis Majesty’s Govern mein assistance in currying out their plans, to Jong as the French troops remain in the national territory.” Freni this it would appear that Napolocu bed given explicit orders to Bazalnc to cease his personal quarrel with the Emperor, and do all in his ] ower to consolidate his rule so lone as he commanded in Mexico. 1 he Government of Mexico gives notice that a large number of post omco seals, or stamps, have been Intercepted’. Their num ber is 1,171, dalcd the present year, aud post masters are ordered to bo on their guard, ami report any oue using the intercepted stamps to tire nearest tribunal. The Parojo 17 rdf, of the City of Mexico, savs that the American paper, the Mexican Ttmr*, has changed editor and policy, “ a rare thing In Mexico.” The same is the ease with the French paper, L'EntafcUe. It adds that but few French, and even fewer Ameri cans. will be seduced by the change. The Liberals ore very active in the State of Oajaca, the native State of Juarez, and they are said to have two brigades of well organ ized troops. The opera company recently playing In the City of Mexico, was daily expected at Vera Cruz, bound to this city. Tllc.old dramatic company of Vera Cruz took passage hither on the 21st. The opera company is under management of Sr. Biacclii, and in it is the Sra. Peralta. The I'airia. announcing the arrival of the Emperor at denies the statement of the Mexican Times, that the cry of “death to the French ami North Americans,” was ral-ed when ibe determination of the Sove reign to remain at the head of the Gov ernment was proclaimed to the people. Tbc Emperor is full of visitors at taenia. Among them were General Marquez, the President of the Council of Slate, and other Minlstcis. The people are festive, and Puebla is gay, as the Capital. Guerillas abound everywhere on the road to Vera Cruz. *the military despatches sent down, with other correspondence, for the last French packet, arc missing, and sup posed to have been intercepted. The courier, though strongly escorted, is known to have been wavlaid,and it is believed was cap tured and killed. The retirement of the Imperialists from San Luis Potosi and Matchacla is confirmed. They arc said to have numbered 2,000 men, while the Liberals numbered 3,000. MURDER AND SUICIDE. A Mari ill orders Ills "Wife aud Then Cuts UU Own Throat* [From the Louisville Courier, December 23.] Our city of late has been the scene of sev eral murders, each more horrible in its de tails than the otlur, and now we are called upon to record another horrible tragedy—a •murder ana suicide —in which a man,goaded oti'hy a guilty conscience almost to madness, mtndera an innocent and loving wife, and then attempts to kill himself. Our readers «ill remember that some few Months ago, John W. Perkins, private watchman at MeSarr. Waters « Fox’s white lead works on Main street, was caught robbing the safe, and Mas committed to Jail, tried, and sent* tnccd to the penitentiary, but afterwards pardenrU by the Governor, on presentation of a very strong petition from his friends, which asked Executive clemency on account of his age, (he being over ilfly years), his large amt dependent family, xfcc. Alter hfs dn-eburge from jail he seeuia to have fallen a prey to melancholy, and, being somewhat shunned cud slighted by those who had foe* incrly been Ida friends, became al most insane. Yesterday morning at about two o’clock he got up, ami taking a r~zor, wakened his wife, and, after speaking a few words to her, seized her and cut her throat almost from ear to car. His daughter Rose, a girl of twelve, who was sleeping In tho same room with a little broth* er, being awakened by the talking, rose tip in bed just in time to see her father commit ihe Lon iblc deed, and hear her mother call, “Oh, dear Ro.-c.” She sprang out of bed. euugM her little brother in her arms, and ter. toward the door. Her father followed a few steps, and then called to her in a wild manner to lo»k in the trunk, that she would get a record there which would explain all. He then went to his wife's bedside, sat on it, and cut his own throat, and falling back on the lied laid his arm around the neck of bis then dead wite, and his cheek against her's. In this i ofitiou lie was found bv the police, who came when the little girl Rose gave the alarm. The razor was lying on the lloor, by the bedside On searching ilie trunk lor the record be bad spoken of, a letter was found, of which the following Is the substance. It was written very disconnectedly, and evi dently while he was under great nervous ex citement. It is addressed to his eldest daugh ter, and was written on Christmas day r i'LOßisx Peekihs —My Dear Daughter; My heart is tilled with sorrow and trouble. 1 am com pelled to go to extremes. X want you to take care ol Charles and William, and do the be-tyou can. 1 want you to t>c good children. Put I'aeodore to a trade. * * ♦ • Now, flonsa, 1 will tell von what 1 have got from the lloor and desk drawer of the office. 1 got (whether or sii.Uso Is meant, we do not know.— Ed. l, and that is all. 1 never got anv ficn the safe. • • • * Now, my children, pal your trust in Ged for time to come. • * • • lam forced to go into extremes. Ton had better eell off the property. Gel JJ. C. Leri to assist you in felling. Farewell, bt dear children. Your father. Join? W. FrnsiNS. ««•*«*« Tin? (Chnplmah) is my last day with yon. This morning v bwi 1 woke up 1 asked your mother lor a Christmas gilt, the tiud she bad none, ieaid o bus woaai do, to which she sternly refuseo, which mor idi-d my feelings, for 1 asked it lu love from my heart. * • • When he was found be was alive, and Dr. Forsvlho being sent for, came nnd sewed up his ttuimt, and up to a late hour last night he was slillliving, but, ns the doctor says, with no hope of teeovery. His murdered wife, Elizabeth E. Perkins, was a most esti mable lady, and was highly respected by all who knew her. She was a dri-stuakor, and had of late been supporting the family by iter labors. Coroner Moore held an inquest over the body yesterday ; turning, and the jury relumed a* verdict of death from her thn at being cut'by a razor in the bands of her husband, John W, Perkins. She leaves live children, four of them in teresting and well respected girls, who are bowed down by the terrible occurrence, aud the tilth a little boy, about ten years of age. The house in which the melancholy trage ly occurred, is No. &21 Market street, a lew ’ours below Thirteenth, on the north side, md Is used r.s a store in the front part, the .’erkius family having occupied the rear. Surratt a Poet# [From the Atlanta Intelligencer.] We print below what we are assured is a verbatim copy of a poem coposed oy John 11. Surratt, while a student at St. Charles College, Howard County, Maryland, June Jd, ItjOO. It was copied by his college chum, James Iluud, of Patterson, Now Jersey, lor lilslr'cud, Samuel Morrison, of Indiana. It was written by Surratt originally in Mr. liaLii’s album: UF£. youthful tears have all been shed lUuse April drops which How Like fprin;Mcte from the mountain's head, Ana in (he sasahinc glow.

The leers o'" youth have ceased to gush, J ike e«*ctnr from mine eyes. And hitler i nc* instead 1 brush Away with sad gerpiLse. The current of my life trow deep. As do"u ;bc stream 1 Hoar, Aid a!! i:; torrents %\ IJrtly sweep Around my fragile boat. like some fair bird which wings Its Sight Far up the nsnre ekv, Jtv npiru si*ar> with loud delight, 31 ore glowing lights to try. Then round my soul arc quickly thrown Clouds black with sorrow's gloom. And suddenly the winds do moan Around tome loved one's comb. My heart i> draped in darkest night. My inilc hark is tossed, 'Till In my faithlessness and fright 1 c?y, “I sink ! I’m lostl” .Timing In itlontana. fThc following extract from a private let ter to a citizen of Chicago contains some items of Interesting iutelllgeuco from the mines of Montana:] Helena, Montana. Decembers. Tic quartz interests of this country arc now more flattering than ever heretofore. A number of mills have been recently started and ore doing wonderfully well. Take one for example : A new mill just stated cleaned up 55.500 from fifty tons of ore. the gold be ing saved by the ordinary coder tables, lined with quicksilver alone. This mill Is run from ores lying near the Washington, Mc- Clellan, Cncle Sam extension, and Manson- Merrili extension. The St. Louis Mining Cempanv bu.- fully and satisfactorily tested the fact that a largo class of our silver lodes (all that are argen- tifercus gchna) may be worked with fabulous result? by the cheap and simple pro cess of snuUing on the ordinary Scotch hearth used in Hie lead mine*. This ruus but the Vad and silver mixed together, and in the ordinary furnace the lead is separated m-m the sihor easily aud readily. I have seen two of the buttons; of silver taken from tbe lurmce bv this process—one weighing forty-eight, and the other sixty-nine pounds, of nearly pure silver, aud all done at a very low price. The cost of smelting and “ cupel ling ’ a ton of lead Is about thirty dollars, and the lead yields from {3ootosoooper ton. I have pul up a Scotch hearth myself and cun smell the galena ores readily- The cu- I>cl lurnace is simple aud cheap. We do not use the low arch ; any mud or clay that will stand the heat will answer. The lead is ex tolled from the surface by a current of cold air. E. # The Mi online Affray at Octlcn, Kncrasu I From the Junction City (Kama?) Union, Dec. 2G.J The particulars of the shooting alfray a. Ogden last Friday, as near as we can learn, were about as toUows: Sergeant Dustin and four men were sent out to ntek up deserters. They called at the house of the sister of the Citv Marshal, and asked her if there were any deserters harbored in hcrhou s o. She answered “No." The sergeant tfien re marked, “Von arc a fine looking lady, I would like to have a talk with you.” He then or dered his men to dismount and shoot the first man that tried to enter while ho was inside. After the entry of Sergeant Dustin, the erv of murder and help was heard. The Uit% Marshal on hearing the cry came to ward the honse, when one of the guards slopped him and said he was ordered to* shoot the first man that entered the house» The Sergeant In the meantime hallooing,' “shoot him, 6—d d—n him, shoot him, if he tries to enter." The Maisbul then or dered ihc guard off the steps, and tried to enter the h >ase. The Marshal continued to. order tbcri away. The guard then mounted their horses and left; the Sergeant at the same time ordering them to shoot the Marshal. The Marshal then ordered them to holt, • but refusing be fired at them, wounding one of them in the neck and an other in the hip. One of the guards then turned about and fired at the Marshal, kill ing him instantly. No soldiers were kllleJ, but - two-dangerously wounded. The sol diers and Sergeant have been turned over to tie civil authorities, and are now at Topeka awaiting trl -l. A Itcw Paper at Ottawa# Jo 1 m H, Farrell, formerly of tbo Logans port and a practical newspaper manager, will commence immediately tbo publication of a lirtl-class newspaper at Ot tawa. The paper will be Republican in poli tics, will be a six column quarto, and un doubtedly such a paper as ;hc second county ol the Stale requires. CHICAGO IN 1866. Social Statistics—The Census- City Mortality—The Chol era—lnquests—Mar- riages in the County. Properly In City and County—Onr Assets and Liabilities--taxa tion, by City, County, State and National Government. Business—Manufactures—The La bor Market Eight-Dour Movement—n ages. The year ISdC Is no more. With the stroke of the Cotm-Eoose bell which tolled tbc lastmlduight hour, it departed forever. It has bqjne its part as a htlle wave on that sea of time which forms oor indnltesetmal portion of the great ocean of eternity. On its foaming" crest we have been car ried one roll nearer to the Occident of mundane existence, it has now yielded np the bail craft to Its successor in that long incomputable swell which will end cnlyin that great sorf on whose breakers the earth will be rent asunder, and the angel standing with one foot on the sea and the other on tbc land, shall swear by Him that llvcth forever and ever that -that there shall be time no longer,” ‘ibe events of the past twelve months may no have becneo grandly Imposing or so exciting as some which have preceded, but they ore scarcely less momentous. No tread of martial hosts has been beard la oor streets; tbc call to arms which electrified the whole nation so rccontly.has sot been heard—if we except the military agitation on the Fenian question. The temple ot Janas is closed, and Jic angel ofpeacc hasbeen busy omoug-ishcal incite wounds Abich our late ctuwl war had mane, lie have been blessed beyond precedent, and be yond measure; we cannot recite one-tenth part of what has been done in tbc way of improvement, of progress. i»» during the war we were exempt from many of tic miseries which, it entailed on others, so since it closed we have been doubly blessed by comparison. Away to the southward the angry din oi battle has been bashed only into the sullen roar cfsubdued disobedience, and the fruits of tbc po; nJartnibutecce are visible in yet rained bulidiovs. deserted plantations, ill ail ended marts, silent works-nops cod empty colors. On onr northern have seen incipient wariare, and the terror, distempered markets, stagnation of trade, and hasty illyht incident thereto. Far away to tre ea*t, across old ocean, the peoples of the Old World have marshalled >□ battle array, remodelled umpires, am changed national boon daiics. In some portions of oar own laud hun areds of loyal men, black and white, have been otered as a holocaust to the demon of slavery burned cu the expiring embers of the secession ocnlirc crushed to d'atb la the lose convulsive throes of the dyin r cobra. litre we have almost forgotten that ter rible war, ic the rapid advances made since its close; ami were li not that a portion oftho war debt bos yet to be paid, aud tual a ie.v maimed birccs ore still among us, we would be lit danger ot ftiigcitiog it altogether. With two exceptions, onr horizon has been bright, and the expanse above it char and pure. Those two clc-uds—one in the physical, ard the other In the moral quar ter— were the cholera, nad the visit of Johnson- The ilr>; kiik-d ofl nearly a thousand oi our peo ple ; thcrecond did much toward the political downfall of the visitor. Our Smpi overrent has been steady, hut enor mous; indeed we have moved forward under a lij:h rres«nre— high taxa.lon, high rent*, high prices for ivcrytlurg—ana have gone umad i ropo.iiornbly. 'the external n?p< ct oi the city i sidbu* a great change tor the better, and In our t iurp-uvemeots we have accomplished much which lies brh-w the surface; ex er, the cipbtb wonder of the world—the great Like Tui.ncl. Our mental piogrcss has been greater Mill— we mark an uuumous stride In the popular cxprcftion of opinion on the great question of hu man li< city. We can look hack* proudly on the record achiev ed by the people of Chicago during Ui«* past year; let ns be U blkiul ’hat so much has vouch t-ab d to ns, ana in tho contemplation of past suc ce.-tob gather renewed hope tor the future. \\ c presented yesterday a sketch of what has been done in this city during tie past twelve Mouths in the. Improvement of tie exterior aspect. To-iiny we give the see al stalk-tics, wlih property valuations. taxation, audit view of me labor mar l.a during SOCIAL STATISTICS. As the city hue increased ner accommodations fur the people, the number of inimhuinu lias tiUo itcrcastd, and tc even greater ratio; we have creep d unto thousand hmtalrg:, and more than tilled them: we have gained >ti Population a> in property, ho, too. the number of marriages and deaths exhibits a marked augunv.Mitatton. The social statistics of the year give a very satisfactory exhibit, notwithstanding that the dark hlorg of cholera and final crime snow* largely cn the record, ar d much mar the beauty of tho otherwise fair cage. * POPULATION. The census of the city, as taken last October, by rharles C. Chase, Esq.. School Agent, gives tho total enntneratid population of the ulyffOO.fts, with no allowance lor absentee. The publica tion of the figures, soon after the date of taking trio census, caused considerable comment. The population of the city had been variously esti mated by dbeefory publishers and others, at from 2Ui,utO to sir»,oW», and.all were surprised that the result of the official' count was so smalt. It was alleged that itere were numerous places at which tlL* census takers had not called, and consequent ly many persons who had escaped the eyes of the enumerator'’. It was al»o claimed that no record wta nmde of those residents of the city wno were then nbsriU’from home. it is due to the School Agent to say that Ws ar rangomeuts were perfectly his orders precise and Imperative. The instructions given w ere to take account of all who had actual resi dence in the rlty at the time, whether here per sonally or net, as also those casually in the city at the time. That this vva> not done eo eaectually as to include every one may well be hell-vcd, but the record was made as complete as possible. U 13 piobabje that an allowance office per cent world more than cover the deficiency. It wonld be fair to assume the present population ot the cltv ot about two hundred and twenty thousand, the number ot residents having somewhat in creased since October; The following are the official figure?, giving tho number of white and colored persons In each want, with the totals for each division; Soctu Division. ” £ . •< First Ward 9,4*1 2,137 «37 211 53 13 Second Wart] 15,188 4,215 1,418 817 311 S') Third Ward 11,746 C.V37 2,250 IRK 371 120 Fourth Ward.....lC'Etiil 4,1“ i 0 J,JrU> 24 H 3 Fifth Ward 9,405 4,720 2,883 2 .. ;3G,CTB 22,837 8,3272,073 743 223 Total, 8, D. West Division— felslbWard 5.2C3 2,653 .. Wfitd....lS.T:i U,llO 4,3-D 1 KidJth Ward 10,110 5,101 2,114 13 6 1 Tulilh V>a»d 11.UU5 4,-ISG 1,035 1W» •& 14 El«TentliW«,SM 6,830 1,010 31 13 2 iwclitb Ward.... 12,081 6,Wd 3,127 11 2 1 Total,W. D ftVKS 40,100 15,112 £O7 101 £0 Xor.xn Division— 'ihhtecntb Ward. 5,157 4,203 1,533 1 .. .. 1-oJirlccmU Wbid.l2,llb <3,120 2,0« 5 8 1 FUtcotlhWard...l3,7o3 7.C70 3,207 11 3 .. blitcculh Ward. ,14,506 5,011 2,176 46 20 1 Total, N.D 30,fcGl 25.6 W 9,001 GO 2G 5 Grand Total 200,113 >■ a a s a g S’ B 5- 3 T s? ;■ ri g ; : 2 S. Dir.—White persons...... uv.GTU 52,277 8.-12 S.lfrv.—Colored persona.... 2,u«'j *W Total South Division.... fi5.733 21,1*1 8.33 W. Ifrv.—White persons. ... IW,»*3 43,10 13,44 W. Dir.—Colored persons... 237 101 2 Total West Division. ...90,733 5a.«0 13,400 N. Dir.—White person vC.O'l V-01 K.Div.—Co*orcuptr«Oßo... 0* 20 3 Total North Division.... 80.1W4 5!»,C3h O.OtG Total South Division.... 53,755 23.1** Total West Division *0.733 43.210 IS.4W Total of Chlcaitt *200,118 00,036 Tfce tollowlnir table will sliowth? ratio of in cr» ate of the several Divuluim siuce December let, :si3 •s . rs •“5 5 —a c * C-3 j-tS X's W 9 lIS £& tr£ P§ P§ p s H§ • » • r 2 ?2. :| :f IS l| : »• • “ : =• : o DfCetnbcr'Bt,l33S...aWit>i 14,673 17,K0 53,130 Anitas*, Octoner Ist, 18«2 ....45,110 57.t«J Xi,s« 133,130 October 15M5r,L....:.‘!.955 '.3,«T5 33,328 1C.1,353 October let, IS(V> 55,'.55 90,;«J 50,921 200.413 The increase in twelve rears nod ten months has been io iLc Sunlb Division 120 per cent: in tbe Wtet Division t»;S per cent; in the North Division IS‘i per cent: and £d (bo wbolo dtp 233 per cent. *1 be icUotviug shows tbe population of Cnlcaso since iSpb « bin tbe site o' ocr present ni.tmiac nt city "a? a “ bowling wilderness.” Those marked with a star ate only approximate; tbe others arc taken from actual count, and are official: Ik# *3O 18io 2iM« ItSl *.i> 1?50 '2a,>B 1f32 SCO IS3I *SU>*) 18TS *350 1332 Sn93l j?S4 *1,6W1 ISM 53,180 j-3S 3.2C3 Sol 63,"*2 la &\ ••♦♦.... *4,WU IS» SO,OSi 1t 7 Mt 1 IS3S ; ••• *IMl? . I<S3 *4,060 ISST *03,(») l&y *4,-00 1833 *3o,<*W 1340 4,473 1553 •JO.OUO isu *3,30u law ISI2 *0,530 1981 *l2i>,Coo lv*3 7.550 ISI2 183, I*4l *?,000 1563. •I6d*« 1,*45 12,033 isd itaasi IMC 14.159( 1865 17e»*® 1547 16,859 3SOG 20t,US ls4S 50.W3 I The condos of iSdt wa* Increased by about flfVrn per cent for absent**?, the figures bflmr too while ihoso of J&65 were si v «<on the actual c>uii£ without allowance for omission?. It is prohalte tbat the lollowiDtr figure? would be about the mal exhibit of the city for the past turee years: ■year. Population. luerrase. 15M H 51,253 ...... l*t.s 1-7.44 R aiW 1 .820,000 3.53-1 The estimate of 820.CC0 soul? now in Osfcago would give a population of U,l<<6 to the square mile, or n», to the acre. Reckonlt-c ten onlidiug let# to the acre, wo shall hare nearly per sons to evert two lots in the citT. When con sider that two-thnda of the city I? little aare than bus "ithoct Inhabitants, wc ehsll hare somo idea cf the crowding process in the more cotral por ct H e city. Yet the people hmt arc cot Msaptcffcd as in irauy other cities. If wo ex- K|La lew boardlng-honse? where your.? people ih»re are few but have pletty of elbow and breathing room. / T he early records of the site of onr pr«?cit Chl cs*o are scarcely so prccL-o ns could he risked. iFe lcUo‘* li*g ‘acts, copied from our last year’s review, may be of iiiteresi; “ la the spring ofiai there were twelve ramille? here, in Slay. 1558, the fon coutainsd 30j sottl- 4 , and in *he fo.lowiog February a gairisou of 20J. while outside were about 130. in November ••5 the first ceiiMis was taken; the cuuutTthea con tained O/.TSsouJ*. if such he me Increase of the past, what will be that of the future J Much creator I but bo v much esniiollrctold. Only one thli-s* we do know; «e ha'e nr yet only beeno to grow. Chicago is yet in its bebyhoou, and eru many years have elapsed ere will J>*\e copped the million. Th? emigration of test e-priue util undoubtedly b.lag the people Lith' r iu greater numbers than ever, and with the esraMi«hciont of tnarnfactureß in on<* midst we oCer attrac-lou# to every class of old world workers instead of bat to a limited portion. ’ HOHTAUTT. Wo ccr.not give liie exact figures of mortality for tbc mo t of L cccmbcr,a? the returns for the mom u a-, e not gathered «U*om«das» alter ft-* close. We b»vc. bowtVi r, the number of deaths to niUiin a d«v or lwi*of the clostf of the year, and made a proportionate allowance for the remainder: ibe total "ill be very near the truth. Tqc tofiowing or the deaths in each plvtsiOß . v *. tSL'2SSSOZSs for each mouth or the year. In roch of lbs months of >t«y, tlojy. Angus: a*ul October, llicre were Oto deaths, the locoilcn of which wa? not Dialed, and els In Jane. These are saded into the moaihlr total: Monlb. Jauctry.. Fchrtta'y. Match... AoiU May. Juno, duly. Acgctt.... September October... November. December Total, Ihefollowimrls the (abloot ages: 2 G'U H. H 2 O Q g|SgS f $ S | f i I f I I ill : ?<• w j r s • i i•? I f i ? M Jan..., 152 29 56 17 14 18 1 7 Feb.... 117 40 53 SO 0 11 8 8 March.. 123 25 63 12 7 17 0 9 April . 129 83 53 31 11 14 1 7 May. ~ 154 25 63 22 7 17 2 10 Jure... ICo SO 51 SI 11 14 0 IS 518 46 SO 22 19 13 9 8 Aug... 57S 60 156 43 27 32 8 10 Sept... SB) 84 ISB 63 41 25* S 7 0ct.... S;9 101 893 116 73 69 6 25 Kov... 1*.3 43 75 40 15 23 C 8 Dec 140 37 06 21 12 15 6 12 Tot'll ..££93 Oil ’itc lollowlug shows (he places of birth of the deceased t Chicago. 5,795: other parts of the Inked htates, VtO; Germany,s22; Ireland,s9s; Norway, *25: Kngland, 117; Sweden, 75; Canada, 65; Bohemir*, 60; Scotland,43: France, IS; Denmark, 19; Holland, 19; i'oiaiid, 7; Swit zerland, 7; Italy, 4; Wales, 8; i inland, S; Delirium, 2: Kora Scotia. 2; Isle of Sion, 1; Spain, i; Hew Brunswick, 1; on sea, 2; Bnssta, 1: Slcxlco, l; Ncwltmtidlaod, 1: unknown, 144. Total, 5,152. , ULe following are the deaths ensuing in each quarter, from several of the more prominent causes: Cacaea. Ist Qr. 2d Or. 3d Qr. 4th Or. Total. Violcntdcath 11 24 47 27 103 PnlctOc Consumption 73 SI Croup 59 C Child-birth 27 1 Congestion 25 2i Cboiera Infantum... 2 1 Cholera morbus.... S * I Cholera 0 ( Xipthtjla 5S i: l>iai:baa 1) ; Peters JrfiatnmaUoD, hmull p0x..., I'oecmciiia.. Mill-torn... , Suu-strokc ... I'jfiatcry... damps other causes. ’iotal elates in roratar. team. The roKowibe tables show the monthly recorded moitality lor the past twentr Tears. \>e have no jiccxological records extending farther hack thaw the year IS-I 7: ilenths. iW. IMS. 1543.1530, 1851. 1558.1333. January.... 53 20 52 CO £0 49 jS 20 81 02 57 29 43 M March £g 41 £6 53 S 5 48 81 April 20 31 49 50 So 04 59 x&y 43 IST 43 45 70 73 June SI 41 IK 27 84 91 82 July 53 40 411 240 70 179 . 11l August.... 95 55 212 466 217 ESI 351 t-vpmmhct. SI CO 164 I*l IcO «-C3 October.... 55 63 67 70 5? 19? 114 November. 50 C 5 Cl 46 4o tl December.. £U 43 42 49 53 *«> I*l T0ta1.... 520 560 1,513 1,335 Sit 1.04 S 1,8« S Month. 1851. 1855. 1850. 1557. 1333. 1359. ISM. January.... 112 123 111 13S 111 131 lla tebiuary... lUI 103 103 100 120 US 123 March 95 123 12 124 130 1-2 ISO April IIS 105 ICS IC3 110 357 IE! May 147 141 123 117 139 115 IC2 .June SHSI 87 121 120 ISO Hi 135 juiy mi S2S sco ssa aa .im rg August.. . -.31 43S 342 372 377 325 80S SLTitcuibcr. £63 311 221 827 23s UK) I*4 October.... 403 MO 117 171 102 ICO 149 November. 210 90 129 143 190 1 109 170 December.. 103 164 128 I£U 130 123 13S T0ta1...3,5c0 1.983 l, 6 W2 t tC7 2,019 1,826 2,056 Month. 1661. !S4i2. 1663. ISC4. tffil. 1666. Ji n.... IWt 171 321 368 , £2.1 . 233 Teb... 1:5 197 231 350 <250 200 Mar.... 172 15*9 258 315 ,279 254 Apr. .. 12G 187 200 2IS ; 25j 273 May.... 171 ICO 277 .799 j 229 273 June... 131 i:0 219 2»t2 / 11*5 321 Jnlv.,.. a.'J 871 4tl 428 I 4SS 7W Aug.... 162 SOI £1! srO5 r O .JfJl 910 Sept.... 227 271 3« CSU /8M 751 Cci.... ISO 210- 153 270/ SCO 1175 Nov. .. 155 19*1 128 212 / 299 SS3 Jjec. .. 1»S UB £2l 2W/ £33 £ls Total..2tC3 STo C2S 4GB ,' 3CCI S'JH Thclollonlng arc the computed ratios of mor tality for the ?-niDi* period; tho-e Enures arc the tirm’ber of deaths* to each ten tLeusauo inhabi tants. hoihi 0.7 two Cgurcs, ami you have the rate per hundred. Thus the percentage of toor- U.lfy fee the post year waaS.tU 1 I SIT SiS 1Ki1... ISIS S-'U 1*5c.... 1-1 J C3S 155 U.... I>:0 4~i 150 J.... 1 51..... SIT l?sa ....4i» ISO*. .. 1b 53 19d 16C3.... 1«54 fi*l liC4 1555 217 IjC5 ISSO CJO ISM Since our last annual review, the city of Chi cago lias been Invaded by (he dread cholera tcourpe. What was anticipat'd by ns twelve modus ago has now been realzed. The records of the Health OfUcer show that 1,35 l persons have been attached, ot whom I’GO died. It is very probable, however, that the ft si figures are dou cient and the last in excess. Many eases of at tack w» re cot reported, itom (tar ibat the patients would be removed lolbch»)ital on the tact of illness oeing known to the stuboritlee. On tbe other hard,it ta troll known (rat some practition ers save the name ‘•chohjra” to every case wficre inflammation of tho’alimcntsry canal re sulted fatally. The real nuaiber of deaths from cboleia was piubul-iy nut more than seven to tight hundred. Ibo first esse noted was flat of Mr. Corbett, ro *ldlnc at Mo.hSi Wert Cnkago avenue, reported dulvnlst. It i» worthy of note that this was tho vetv day on which that betvy rain set ic, which. In the succeeding two months, gave us twtutv and a half inches of turn, or more than tom times the usual quantity of that period. >’o other case was reported lor some time. Mean while the rain k«pt falling, the earth was mow :iucl mote surcharged Vuh moisture, amt tho dampness of the aimosphcre, by debilitating the system, prepared tor the work ol tho destroyer by lessening the powoc of resistance. Ou Mon day, August Gib, an emigrant was suuck down, aud the dlecnse was communicated to two or three persons lo the County Hospital, whither ho was !nl*r. Ou Saturday Aa cttpi lllh, tbe Tumujtn Br»t called the nitcnUou ol tbe puplic to thu diet that the cholera was in our midst, mid'on Mo Monday following "avealt-'t ofcascs in,hospital. From that time Forward the disease iacrem-ou in Mrnleutc ttU the end of the rainy period, when itloitus. Thotol , lowing if the record u attacks teported to the : Health OCco: ; , _ 4 Irate. H • Date. . l»o. July 21 * ' Sept.ak - 7 Aug. W .... o | 14 1 " ....W | 2S 10 .... A\ 20 0 ir» I 50 B ....IS Ote. 1 20 ....i; a y ....14 s c ,14 4 14 .29 5 21 .10 fi If .10 1 It .14 8 4- .5 3 75 .1, 10 it: .11 SH .11 11 0] .11 13 fc . a is si .14 17 51 . 9 IS Si .13 i'J 2; White pcrs’ns. ColM pers’ns > d c‘ > a a s a ss a o B. c. „ e* o« S fy « » O « •5 53 •» *» *f ” 5 3 ' 2 Sept. 1 So toco &s the pr& of the disease no* t v d, tbuambotiilcsercctedacbolcrahospital near the fouJlietn city limits* Just west of the Driving f ark. »Ve present tag tables, lurmabea by the jbysxclaa of the hospital: No. Kccovered. Died. 13 S 8 ;j 1 a 8 2 1 1 1 0 SO 13 IT 24 14 8 2 1 I 3 1 2 IS 8 10 -2 2 0 8 1 2 3 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 X Anjcrttans .... E>fHrt uwzaCLos >'omi fccoiians. |r!.«h Gcnciae Hollanders ... rdfi .... >’o!»cglans... SwWe* Data? itclMQians.... Stiff CoJjrtd « 106 61 63 the following table shows the ages of the pa litais No. Recovered. Died. (be to fire 4 3 1 Hre lo ten 5 3 3 Tentotwen-y 12 9 3 7*cmy to thirty 41 23 18 £ hi: ty to forty 24 U 18 Vvity to any » i 8 Fiflv to alsty 6 2 4 Sixty w» seventy 6 3 3 308 M 53 Cordlllon when admitted— „ (Vmduion. Ho. Reed* Died. Perct MJebt 10 30 Dangerous 34 20 4 30.8 Collapse 40 i 23 82J5 consecutive fever. ... 35 17 33 48.9 106 M C 2 There l« rood reason to hope that the cholera villnnt afi'.lct ns during the coming summer—at Ka*i cot ‘o heavily, we have alia enoo-rh, It 13 true, hut the two main Inciting causes or too pan •\ c»tr ill scarcely exist. The lak“ tunnel, now fi. ished. will give u$ pare water, and it is nest to impossible lLat we should again bo visited by cnch a wet, muggy season’as that of 1806. Ihcre is a law of comrcnsation discernible oven in luo death list. While the chol ira has raced* other diseases have been dimitu«hed. Ibe once terrible small pox, which numbered 27? victims in ISW, and 5* in Iciw, or .y claimed seven os Its own in irCG, and a marked wiling o« » notable m-thenumber of those djin* from other disi a;cs. The pt r cent of mortality la very little above the averace. and pcrliap.-* some of the slight Incieasc noted is traceable to the fact that the pro* potuon of the deaths that are unrecorded u now u-sa Han in former year?. North South West Dlv. Dlv. m». Totat. . 74 115 1W 235 .65 91 111 2*o ..63 91 99 251 ..65 99 HI 273 . 78 7S 114 273 ..94 h 8 111 321 J9l 190 315 TOO .. 297 3« UiO ..150 2fio 321 731 .. Gil £sl 503 1,170 .. 73 137 173 :«3 . 74 66 153 815 .1,473 1,397 2,523 5,931 128 4SI 511 £73 80 122 ?9 93 123 BSO 5» 81 23 115 14 12 13 G 3 26 21 21 S 3 s eo n si 0 b’l 19 S 3 0 ff-i 653 I*9o (3 15 23 115; S SI D> 121 1 .IIS 83 1W 113 400 .42 DO 111 S 3 32*J .S 1 4 0 1 . 10 0 0 B 23 .87 S 3 S 3 21 ISP . 0 0 3 0« , S 12 71 13 « 42 0 43 27 IB .253 433 1,22 S SSS 2,«3 873 2,333 1,£67 5,U52 TITE CHOLERA. .1* . T . . B . y >’ov. .11 .14 .IT . 8 CDOtXUA HOSPITAL. COC3.Tr HOSPITAL. - Tr-c Old City on the comer of Eighteenth and Arnold 9tree - ?, was transferred to the county of Cook, about tbo beginning of the vear, ai d was opened on me 12tb of Jantwy, rnd*r ihe wardenship of Mr. Chase, who, for several years, conducted tbo County Poor House in on admirable manner. Wc give tbe following us o summary of expense, working force, and number and distribution of patient* from tho dale of opening till ibe end of November: (troctrius und provisions £T.*l/|T y rc l ‘I.SIt.RO **a'arics of olDsersand employee 2.?'**.lS Fnimtblvp tbo buildings S,TjXSI M., <Sv,.. ... ....... MUccllaceoQs articles.., •j-v P espjrges of the Institution piTen for each crstlcr: \i:v cuartcr... ScccaA^tirU-c. Third quarter . Totuth quarter Tolal Or mcfiiEt olHatcha LyJnc-lnDepamaeut was wtlcliltoe thlrty-fimr births have cc £h?l&io«!i.e renrcserlß tte nattonaUHcs of mmbmpi ScoUmSi'M; Trance, »i S«l te.,»nS, u, Von Feocs, 2; New DmrsvtJck, 2 1 IUt!r« 1 1 1; lYusbia, I; Walcfe, 1; Poland, 1. ToUJ, 8- 3. Number sr.d occupation of tLe employe?, nouibctiD™ tucitj-toor in all. and their traces por momh: One tuol'ccr Ot.e r.ini.nioiice litrer... . One CocU ... Oce Atslotai.l Ccik Six Norse? atflDeach.... Six lulpers at SU each...,. Forr Sciutb' rs it SIW each four WnsLcra a|§lo each. Total for vag« each • 5293.33 Hiefcilowinj'Uastalementot thepatlcnla ad mitted during tie year, given by tno quarter; . Number admltcd mat-quarter 120 Number admltxd second qmitlcr 183 Notber at ir»it eQ third quarter... 23t NumberaemUedfourth.quarter...* «*l Tctclnrmb.T admitted..., ». • Number ol ptttents ctued Number ot pitienia relieved. .... Number ihaio'ed In the hospital. Number retaining.. : 800 recciTeifnm the patients 9 333.24 EecclTtd lew tinco stores cold. 87.83 Totalnceipla - AmocatotldoQt by order oftSopenrfeor Cosmltce 8R5.49 Anomt on baud $103.16 Xc tc< bt fcrnhure tv as purchased Talsed at 1,500.00 Cost of hnldicg me dead b005e.... ... 1,500.00 Costof mildlng a bora 300,00 lie Uridine has been filled up \dlh a complete drcait cf water pipe* furnishing each department wnl a rafficlcnt supply. Also rew steam pices bate Iren li-trcdnccd Instead ot stoves, which run Uicuchout the basement acd first three etaier. A new horse and ambulance wagon has Lem tarnished. Tho cost vf these last ennmer ottd irlic'c.- arc all jaclad d under the bead of ***ur.isbiu'*.” There yet remain* la the build ing, thirty clambers to be fitted up with bed and tmltog. Toi»: capote of Hie hospital. Cas£ ou hand [Balance I MARRIAGES, fte marriage records of ibe city ara the only ntans sCurdtd for ascertaining the marital stabt tl» of the city. Tbe number ol marriages daring '* ! ' ear tfcoidcd tu tUe office of the County Clerk I Uc,tb*. Taking the relative population of the j #ty and county as the basis of a caicaiatfon, tbe f-iiowlli be about as 2*O,QUO to 2CH.OUO, or a# 1,000 A’ e lchtj-three aud a third percent of I l '®,® whole tu the cuy. On tbi* basis the cumber f acioD =* residents of me city could bo •» and the icmu.ah g tic would be solemnized ov.wt-rti Ufiovßis of th* surrounding townships. *Ms eMunate Is, however, probsblv much too large for the city, as 11 contains a greater propor tion of those whose habits, associations, aud trail's ol thouebt do not favor tbe increasing of the of the man iage Mate. tcoi county wasergarized in tbe spring of 1531, when it contained only about a score of families, Ujough ttc aitu oi tee county was then nearly tour limes as large as at present. In that nm yearwcfiml nine licenses wsacu. anddvemar riagi:6~a very la»ge percentage. The toliowiug tables gives tbe marriages each year since then to the present time; W? m 5 IS-ID. . 7 ISSU. 1“ ISM. . 'i ISM. . 7* 1353. . 73 1854. .123 1555. ,122 1856, .124 iaT.7. .153 IBSS. .131 1859. .121 ISM. .151 Igfil. .214 issa. .*47« lb»£ KMC fit! 1864 2,779 1517.... 4 4-17 133 2,090 ISSB 574 1560 3.557 The following tabic exhibits tuc number of mar* rage* •olsmni.T’d Jn the county, in each month, fur me liifet eight yean* r Month. isoU. ISCO.iaJI.ISCS.IS63.ISCLI9S.ISGO .lan 172 li* liW lliy ISO ;£1 207 200 i'vb lEO 101 121 lUI 170 lift) SIS 213 Match 150 127 113 111 143 107 157 24J IIS 169 105 134 2CO ‘.2J *»t 2*7 May VM 35C 137 171 170 Mr* 2:6 3!0 Jure ISO IIS l:-‘J IM ISJ ift» 220 2.-7 JU'V 156 1-27 117 170 174 211 SCO a» AUgn.-t 116 !« 113 152 170 221 257 3o : .l Sept ISI 13S T 56 Sjl 200 213 32:1 331 Oct 199 155 179 lt»l 210 249 33*; 4trj Nov. 185 150 167 1«2 211 927 47.-, ikC 155 )S5 177 2CS SIS 290 3U2 357 Total *5)91 169 i 1720 206 SS-TTSTTS SR’S 3'S7 The Increase i- larger than In any preceding year, ’ih.tis doubtle-a attrihatahle to the f.,ct that since the cessation of the war the fcelltig of fttUti/i'.ut la* been stronger, and to that extent has been favorable to the Viiion. It is an encour aging siuu of improvement in the xnorab 01 the eoumniiuy. Ohc above number of marriages should be by the number of civ..rces. in order to obtain the addition to any stationary married population. These are given in a sketch of the prociccit gs in the dilTcrent 1-aw Courts. Ulie InciUmcuts to mainageorc much greater on ti.o appi oach ot winter nan In the early part ot the year, if we take the statistics as our gui le. It 1« probable that in the autumn months the rreat army of boarders to feel Uiavibc colds of whiter will be ranch more cCldcntlT combated In t ympany than alone. Ihe aifierenca In this re gard id gtcaler in ISCC than la any preceding year. errr nraisnuTiojr. We ore tadly in need of some more thorough s\>t. m of rteiiUaiioo than that at present ta force. ILc rclnrns of deaths made to the Health Officer by the undertakers come in bigglety-pisgleiy, there being a great difficult? in celling them into anything like a statistical shape, while precision is impossible- No record whatever is made of birth-, and, as above mentioned, we can only tell by gm-ss bow many marriages are celebrated m (be city. We should have some arrangement whet eby every birth, marriage and death occurring in the city would be infallibly reported to ouo office immediately, with such of its features as would be cf value to the statistician. We arc rlad to ne able to annonuce that such an arrangement will probably be made ore long. FBOPESCTV STATISTICS', The official valuation ol property in the city of Chtcsgu tilibiib an Increase of fully thirty-three per c«.nt o>cr that of IS3, the increase beinff alto gether on real es’ate. The valuation of personal property is Mlphtly less. The estimated dlilerence is probably as near the troth as coaid be arrived at. ihe value i>f real estate has scarcely advanced in avoidance with the ii:;uies—trout torty-fonr to tdxvy-tls millions—cor is It so supposed by the arse-scTK. Former valuations hare Been based on ibc onc-imirter tceory; tbatot the year ]W, on the unc-’nlul. The one-fourth valuation would have placed It a little less than tifiy-ralUlons. or advance in actual value ol about oue-seteath, •r IS-", The lultowirc (able? show the ofllclal valuations of real estate ai d personal proper'? in each uivl -ion, as' dctcjmined by \Lc City Assessors, and ♦be tax thereon: VALtTATTON’. Personal. DSe'n. >outh..sS7,4ot),U 7XO $32,131, , 53‘t.00 w»t.. «*'. ;tt-.22«.00 2,175.111;.** s3,i*s«,»'<; to Sorts. S'.'UO 1,61 i? f 7(«D.00 lU.^OWI 1cta1..£00,403,110.1-0 $13,138,151.00 $83,933,230X0 l-iv*r. Ileal. Personal. Total. J-oUil*.. $7-l‘J,2tt.M4 $333,821.35 $1,Ci:),021.T2 Wctl... 172,’7C 00 53,973.:.* 2.H,431.'.K Nouli.. 436,12-1.23 03,40ifc0 |i>Js-<*33 Total... $1,330,901.52 $3:3.102.0S $1,710,001.00 The change Id the practical valuation was ren dered nccc#eary by the requirement for more money than comd otherwise he raised for munici pal purpoHir—two nur cent belli" the limit, 3 lie actual selling value of the real estate in Chicago Is hence aooot two hundred idUHods. Ihe ttearty advance hero exhibited is, ot course, not all due to the ri-c in the value ct gold; much of Uic undo the Improvements, which during ISfG, were worth at least ten udUlovs. Accepting this as the true quantity, It would give about thir teen million ot actual increase'io f c salable val ne of the situ cn whicn onr city h bnllt. It is not probable that subsequent years will exhibit a de crease; the price of laudlu Chicago is steadily pressing upward; the era of inflation has passed and its future recurrence Is notyet- That thu value or' personal estate ha" not advanced is cot to be wondered at. If the ohlcial Aim res , were any image of the true worth— wh'ch may vw-ll be doubled—the comparison ot 15C5 tvltn 18tC would probnnly bo about right. It m(i‘l be itxueuibiTTil ibat prices of goods have followed the example of Zaccheus, end come dawn cx tccslvcly daring the year, with the quotid price of paper; so that thouch vro undoubtedly have more personal property iu the city now than twelve months ago as reckoned on a gold basis, it is worth less in greenbacks. Ihe following table shows the Ta’naxion of real estate, the valuatroa of personal property, the to la] valuation, and the income from municipal taxes, for the undermentioned years, commencing with the year in which the city was incorporated. Valuation Valuation Total Income of real of personal valuation from Years, estate. property. taxes. IFJ7..S 23,W2$ $ 23r.,512S 5.i«3.13 1540.. 114.43? W,41fl 4,721.51 IMS . SO2,d3L 479,093 1,441.3*4 &«7.59 ist3.. 2,273,m toi.sgi s-wom 11,077.03 isii). a,0T4,455 537.221 4£31,0J 15.55.50 1547.. ISIS. •U'SS.SPC 1,5P2,t74 6,330.440 24,051.51 lS4fl„ 5,131/37 1,435,017 fi.C76.&>4 30.015.03 ISCO.. 5,033,305 1,331jJ5l 7,240,440 23.2M.57 15T5..15.15..677 3.731,144 1G.541.531 135,002.(3 1'D5..21,(.7T,5Ul 5.345,3/} 20.090, £fl 2U3,i»,«« :sj»:..£r-,bv.i,'iis s,&ia,r:G 3Vs3<msi su-vaiso 15»«..5t,1»»,-.55 5.950.577 37,U.'3.512 37-0,315.22 1ifr1..37,143,123 11,501,730 43,732,182 f 171.-55.01 !5(i5..44,UC1,4U3 2U.W4,f73 W,7ua,177 1,231,183.54>6,116 19,458,131 Ihe following dissection of the municipal (ax levy, stow 9 bow much is approomted to each de paicmcst of our city expenditure: >'o. of Mills. Tax. Cpt»*c of Tas. comirgf'Dt and other cx ptusef •‘-.IH f35t5,753,C25.00 rennauent Improvement.... 1 83,031^33.0) birectsatd alleys 2 ITt.OueM Schools Setverapr Kcfoim School., lighting Slrrcls, Dehtlor 1E65.... Sicking Fund... Interest Police so 5i,n?,0c3,000.00 The rate of taxation for the rear 3 SCO diners from that of the year previous in the following items: in «6C5 the tax for ihrhnngthe streets was two (2) mills on the dollar, tht-* year one and one half (3s>> mills* InlHStbe Inu luieie?t was one aim oce-ha*f (l*:) mills, this Tear one (1) mill. On streets and alleys the tar for ISCS was ocMnd one-half <IJJ) mills. This year it is two i*l) mills. Last year the tax for the police was two and three-quarters (22£) mills, this year it Is three. Others remain the same. The tolal city Indebtedness at the close of the tan mtuudpai year was £{,610,:49.U3. Probably notliiug could give to the mind of the reader a mote vivid idea of Ihe iap:dliv with i which the value of the real estate In this city has iccieased, than a contrast In c?e or two Iracllag items between lUM and the present In IBS I, the : ate of town tax, for Chicago was no* thenadiy, was only one-quaxter of one per etui, and the vear succeeding was only raised to a half of one m-r cent; now It baa mounted up to two cants. Ihcre ia a theme for Uuc-paverj to an-6.* a test for mourning over the “goodold Um- *’ The amount of tax raLed in 1531 was 5348.1 M, and as Sate as IS3’, the fiscal year which ran inn the time of the incorporation of Chicago as a city, only {S,k3S--b were raised on all ttc real estate of Chicago. i his year, as has been' shown, the tax of Chicago L> SI,T3U,Oi-S.WJ. The wbarfing privileges In the original town of 1 Chicago were sold in Ivovcmber, 1523, only a very little over thirty-one years ago, or rather, they were leased for nine hundred and I'inely-mue years, and. the prices at which they were disnosed of Ringed from $5.50 per foot of frontage up to ?C5. The Trustees of me town fixed what they termed minimum prices, which avkragee about Slc.GiS per front loot on all the vibsrflnaprivilcgtßwiUim the limits of the town at it at lime, ana ra 'hsse prices (%3-SO to €ls cn jrorth Water, $25 on South Water, and $lB on Wtst Wa:er, cow Market), cold them to own-ra of lota fronting on the river. The old records of the Boaro ol Trustee* of the town, at the ume of this action, eltcalar to state, can tain no mention of the proceed* realized from ibis sale, hut, aa the tov n then ran no farther than Jackson street, southwardly, a: d Ohio street, nonhwardiy. the figures at which this property was then valued could not have made up a very exienrlve total. Mow, however, the whirling privileges ta that tinall setiiou known on the map as the '‘original town** bear ihc lollowiag valuation: Moith. Division * South Division Sv4m West Division •• .SU7P,PO ,* 6,9*4.97 . 4,01 UW . 6.435.4 S Tatal . 5V98.5C0 Itc bcifdJcss erected on lire lots thus obliged ti\e, in many inauncea, easily enhanced lie \alweof ibe ground, M, lor Instance, some lots wlicbcrlriiSny were for fiUCO ara now at'iotn »2i\Wo to i 97,000 each. in;con=e outtctnctODl? ollbelr tl?8 In *ea< direct value, but tfce coeUj Improvements put upon mem. . -Xnibuconneciionltmay boxenuraed mat bo tweeu new Norm Water direct and tfco north pwr Vie from **W taw formed an ex- lent of land suitable for wbarflng purposes, which {* alicsdr vamed at C4-JO.KX). At the first election held in Chicago for Town Tin-tees in 1*33 only 23 voles were cast. In ISST, at the firct election for city officers un der the chatter ircorporstinp Chicago as a city, tho whole number of votes polled was 703. COOK CODNTT. fIL-S-33 30.00 20.10 moo 90 00 60 00 40.00 40.00 The relume ot property assessments made In the vanocs towns in the county .with the tax levied thereon for State and county purposes, are scarce ly completed. The official figures lor the present year are given below except where a star indi cates that the auiunwt is estimated is the absent* of the official fienrea. It will be observed that the valuations diT-c materially from those given by the city officers, being on a mnch lees fraction of actcal worth. - hmall aa these values are. how ever, the percentage of assessment is much high er than m meet other comities of (he btate, dos ing the cluicca of Conk County to pay more th.y\ their fair shore in the expenses of the State Gov ernment: Tov-U. Earriegton. Biemcn. Cavwnct, Elk G«eve 110,213 35,833 1«..(U Kvanaton 185,415 70,0-io 2GI.TS-I Hanover I»\6SO 33.01 U 17 •Hyde Part... . 20,«00 21'VMI Jefferson..v S£lV4}2 c*?,2!U Lake €0,416 53,310 91*.*v» Lake View 8.0,710 01.759 a«' :*33 Lenont 110.2C0 71,550 **7o-59 Leydeu.... Ljone.... Maine... Kew Trier. Mies . .. .$3,000.00 Korthfleld Orlastl,... Pales 319,591 29,261 J4J j-,i PalaUm* 351.505 CT-UIS 217.17 J Proviso ISH.CHO £0,571 2JU2.1l Hicb 143,2? i U,r.2i Sciacxulerg 121,703 S>,4IG 157.i1.) Thomicc., 376,041) 50,273 21'V22l WhefliEjr.l 179,813 55.751 aT-VW Wouh...*. 157,013 44,703 2V,7il Total outside citys 5.9r*,2a5 51,?f1,1»J3 ? 7,41«; 05 South Chicag 0... West do ... •VJUX3GJ 2,561.612 •M.r.O.JW North do ... *5,635,360 «1,4C9,3:n *7,615/30 .SS9,S>I23 . 162.10 .$£0.57X19 Total la city *iI,7CG,3W n*,2D3.7**.i SLWl.tflS Tota» county,...J3STC2,CG2 sl7.sSj,Gsi §sC,y>\;is3 Tbe state Tax is 7Uc-nte on (ho givtt- The Counts Ins la Si.UJ oa the I'.J The lowi, TsXilr— Chicago, 1 cent on the. 10.7 In Wert t hicago. 2 cmi# on the if 3 In Not lb C Liiaco. :i c* tu on the lCi> In the other tuwna It will piobaulv a about two centa. In !b- South Dlrfsion. which is ih* only one made op complete, the taxation is s* rollons; lical K»late. I’eriona!. lotaL . 5120,517-51 z >5,6*7 •-•2 1T2,!2T».7R lit,**. SO ;• ;, ltt 3,755.1.0 - l,i-5 i 3 2.1*1 Mate Tax... Count* Tax. Town Tax.. Total tsovitiLn <2Wk2ai.*y *->c ..ivss.-t The total Male and county taxation of::!? cur will be about isbC’i'j.vJ A n4inthe whole county.... Ibe Town Tax ol the city will therefore bo about— South Chicago West Chicago . North Chicago, Total $7,583.0), The following tables chow the \a!:i> of the railroad property Ijinjr within the conn: v, with the amount of taxation for ditfereni purport: TaluaiV. State Tax. Co. fax. Cbl.&Mil. R. R...S lCj,7i> S i.ii'j..,; ChtiN.W.l£.U. I.ICVJM ®V-.A V-JJa C., B. >t Q. li. It.. 4ISJMJS 2,Sv , '.7*> 4,V.,' ix». Chi. & K?l. K. 11 411,™ asssw Jik;;' M.S.&N. I.H. R.> •^2*r; Stxcb. Cent. It. It.. 2->J.;fc>6 1,i“H7l 2. ’ .. 7AQ JoHel&A.l.lC It. 76,910 .Vta.oT l’ .F.W.&O. ILK. 27.-,:iC LC38.03 2, Joliet ± Cfci. It. R. 3M,;t*o 1/32vi7 l CW.& Gt.E.R.R. I»|,S7J W)2 C.,A.*bl.r..iU{. ICjifl 117.15 Total. „,. , Town is-hr.ol T-.uJ Tax, Tav. lav. Tv.v.M CM. I If. It. R Soit.c: tvo u', tu. AN. IV. It. K. .’.Ola 6.J liS.a i;,8.4,Q.1:.C...- i.aiw 45.73 i.ti.i i i r till A; K7I. H. tt... 841X2 WAt 2/n.:; i .» i ; W.S.&N.K. K.... STS.GO 4.47 9u.'. •_> v- ,j Mich. Cm.&!:.... 127.11 2.37 ;;f.J i.:.■■..7 .loiut * nm. K. R. saa.t* i Joliet A t ljl. K. N,, sm ,;i < Ll.i (tt.K.IC. n. Jl.t'J J- 1-. !U7 2 i-l Total j27.'.51 «r..700»-'» :T.*v; Ibe total Indebtfdnesa of the coun'v is i 2,633,0.0. INTERNAL REVENUE. The annual list? of the Afsi*‘Or luvenue are no: }el made up for ihc ..... r«*«. at.d «e aic therefore unable la piemen’ abatement ct the amount paid by Ok- c cagn ant! county of Ceok io«anbpay;r r debt of the ununn. Tbo following ta*-:o will h > ever show very nearly ire .amoves* c iliccti j il i nnc Itoyear ou each class of tasali'*’ a-'icJc-*, i:ui flij-tcolnuin of li-iats tn-ini: for thcilr.-i-I.\-a ir.ontLb oftuc yea.-, and Ibe sjcoud ii’»i y«-ar emJii.ffXovetaberU 1 .15»'y. oi*D • ccmbtr in the ivro jcaia will diti'or bat ante, da?*. Eleven Mo. Twlv..- 31.*. Mar.nrnciures Margin* icd aulirals.... C4,v-i.*7 Grots* receipts S37«£<'.7.(*l l>..v ;i. 31, V -3*J.*7 r i,v Licenses Jncmcf.... 'I Lcpesle?, &c... T/.’;, n DICDWITieS J; I,:> ;:j.! 1 Va?fcp«na 235. LO STv II Penalties.... •10^»7- , .GIl 4*.s;tr.T3 Special taxes 3Cj,:ji3.-13 li-\ .n. , - l Articles In Seteduie A.. i:*,!TT«.-S ♦ uy.jAS Total s\46isw.s: The foljoulocarcthccolicction* lor i!;o prr!c<l *if lime on fCVcral ol tfae leoJinc oril.icj, included, tut not speeded in t'.c above it-o; Eitirea Twelve month*. Articles. Carnages Cigars Boot? and shoes. Confectionery Distilled spirits... Fermented lienors. Furniture Tibacco Advertisements Ifallrcsds Thvaues, Ac Auction salt*s Commercial brokers. Wholesale dealers... Ihc fallowing ne the total rcceiptf or ihj ‘Jol- U-ctor cl internal lievumc lor ouch ruiuub: Jauuary $ i-ii/tt.iU / Fc brnory •-! I t. .• 0 Match ... ru»>.-:i • April dune \i't July. Amrus-i September October.... November. December iu addition to iLe abor«. diviotcus. interest. capita; coiporatid companies (ba: Ab?t«for. and directly i»» ton, would amount to about half a million, aim ihe salcofHampa to aboutsix bundled Uiois.-and; Ilia not poeMbio to obtain me*c flirare* acci raiely iu lltao for this icvlew. Tne l;;a! Itevtsne lor the rear from this county will, there* forc, ttacd as lollowc: Isj»»k laaes Mampe lotal paid Collector. Total for the year, ahocl This ameni't i» a Utile !a racsaa ol the collection of it£>. it hich was as follows « Ketcrns.lS 3. Juste ou corporations Mansp* bold Total The following bliowa the total earn paid iiy Cook Ccnr.ry Mare ihi war taxation commenced, wcccptaianp* sold priorto 1533, uro not civtn: "*<ia Sc**' )t 1, ’Ol, to AC, Ficm tjcDU j. ..jj*. -u. From Aug. 81* ’Ci to Ao~. CL From Aup SI to l)ec. 31, C’ollcrtfcdm 18t’f5....~ Estimate for ISCC Total We snhjoln fofr the sake of comparison, a table Civtnin our latt suntal renew, showing the col* lections in a number Of tbe leading district* m tbe country for the jar 18W. Tim report* hive not yet been made untor lfi3. \Ve quote: **U will be observed that Cook County, tbe First Dis trict ol Illinois, is csleedcd bvnon.*lathe timed States—tbe only one! wblcb rpproach to it uoing tto Four'b aruThirtjr-second ol New Vork. one uf which embraces Wnu street and the warelmus’?. from tbe lawr of wlica duties are .coils' cted from f large quantities of liquors pent from Chicago a; d oiler pans of the West under bond; a pordon <-f its receipts are Ifcertfore fairly credit-aLli. to Chica go—and one in ilHsouri: Illinois, In .District New York, 4th * k Missouri, Ik “ New York, Sli “ omo, a »“ Illinois, iiat-parbr^n.'-T^rvit Kcw V r&i •• * “ Ohio, . lit ,k 1». at ** New York. . Pennsylvania, 24 “ 2.‘£Ev*>’-- Jl Maryland, ‘4 ‘ u .. 2vJC!).c>i.--5 New York. 3L» 44 lIG P New Jersey; 5t “ a.jnJ.TjO.'.n) *• £,uoi,?rJ':i Kentucky, -ill •* a,nis,si) JT Pennsylvania, 21 44 I.SW-t>J,WJ Ohio. 3/ 44 l,7Gff, 113.51 liboae Island, 14 44 i,tci.«33 n li.dlaca, 4tl 44 Connecticut, la 4t . j.4wVJUK> California. W “ N. Hampshire, £1 44 'iC'J.loi.w ‘"’All Ibeforesolnlare the largest di-ulct-* tbo eevcisl Slates naiad, *nd will be aeon, Chicago stands prondlyat he bead/* ’lbc total coat ofcollectintr daring the year, ex clusive of atampgbaa been about et"ht acd a quarter mills on tb| aoilar. ' toxic- cmr taxatxott, ‘ The total amount raid by tbo citizens of Chlca po in olilereoc model of taxation w enormous. Tfce followup Mllbeaomethimjlikc au exhibit of wfcat Chicago b'J <oae in this way during •, The city pajjfjfaf tlx and abatf xatUioca out' of the seven KlHwpaid by me entire county to the general Govenroent: U. S.Yar ituaieJjot Slate and county ajout. 3 25*839.73 8 17J.UK.SU H 42,!ffS,S?U» 1 *i 1af,929.855.fcj H 48,074,615.00 1 BTi.9o3JBjS.CU 1 05.953,253.00 257.859,755,10 Told. Nearly or quite line and a quarter millions. This on a valuation o! eteLty sis million* (the mu nicipal fisoiva} wouli give ft tula! taxation o.* tea and ibice-quarten per cent oa the real anil per sonal estate of the cßy. , , A It honr- - be remeberea that tbu nis- It most, »....-CTer, ow —— conrstoz statements only so in the real valnallon of the real and pers jdul prop* erty In the city were taken, the total taxation would be about three and a quarter per coot, he> ib<* somewhat less than this on the real estate, ana more on the personal. Rccitonin? on'bo area ot the dry. It wonld give a taxa ton of sSs%ll6J>o per eqtiare mile, or SCO* per acre. To apopclation of 22U,KJ0 the taxation wonld a-cr aco 142.04 to each man, woman and chili la Ujj city for the year. BUSINESS AND Ills almost impossible to discover any feature 12 the commercial and mamifacturirg depart* . nients of Chicago business during the pa--t »vas which Is worthy of more thaa a ecOlcec- 1 of cot* etal mention. Everything seems to car-.* io t ;"* p»?t twelve roonihs kl ran along ou an even keel.” mlbc figurative language ot commerce, and. ex cept me temporary suspension ia toe cholera son, complaint of the general conation of trade end Uie money mi:kct prior to the dot of Novem ber would have been nnvrarramei. The contrac tion policy of 'be Secretary of tie Treasury, and the vast ot action on tbe part u Coheres? in rela tion to our he an ccs, bare bad the eSect cf gener ally prostrating bnainess abce November tlr*r, and deal era all over tbe country, ns wtl as bi-re, asd the-people also, ore nnyini* no nnreihao tbelr necessities require, mleaa i%maj be la tbo cf holiday goods. In dry goods and groceries tbo - Miles this y<*ar have been larger than last, but values have de er eased to enen a figms-that the toinl returns vort littleficmthese ot ISC4- - * . 'ibe grain trade, so important an ttom la <jh business of Chicago,-ha? creally jl the i-asV year. In 1-jCS theta were 53,Gii,t'ld els of grain, ci“all hinds brought Into. the while la.-1 r-car the amount was 1n.,;- a-cd to CT.TTl.lilThiubeta, aniccrcase of hasu cla over the pretions year. Ibe projects of 3fko regarding the csUh t?a mem of extensive codon iaiils here Hava nU ret t«m canicd out, but ibe eaurrf- c not fcecu to fill ui. oruh. A great amount cf cos-O? mscblnery has been contract'd tor. —i tUo tas been selected for me mills. acciU-itwehxaicait goes by they will iVV-fvT^rl 1b for uperatoesa. The s trace fct. latral* miiV a* this point must, however, ‘ dr,am*, upon the obtaining of water commitrs'DF.LE, tie Slasleslppi by way of a steamhu Igp, hctc to line* Island, and I* atlvivi. Real Kst’e. Personal. Torn*. ««6,4 7U $17,M2 sia%‘lV3 lE,7sa XJS£I6 80,'frf 57>*T*ij 691.503 60.191 7ni!li)o 25J,*.*43 S?,(W7 143,521 H^isi lio.nei ?0,5'7 istnw 118,991 SI.'CS ir-o ftj3 IfiUM 31,722 150,1*63 ‘U.TsG *'l,7is «2,°>US 2.:93irj 9,:i3.1<u 7.u 10 •’-• .52,0C7,212 $S9,7C?.si S 3 SC J 5.12 I :! . li\oiyj:i v i i ; r . £<‘3.6 £.. C J , ayt.2' o*7l + -i :U7s!i7 BviSUU 2lh,Cu •.-•» 0 (>i 8.113.71 y.itti.’.r, 2.3-il'. IT Q.rll’ *3 T.n'ri.-t i 87r»,SStU6 £?j,. r:.*s3 tttvhtM *- I.IMP-va .Wi.f'S-.W - * r>w.w.(w ~ C-o.iwt* . o,': 3j.u» .Ss t a»a.i73.r3 . 45«.«38.57 ■ . S3J,u:O.&) 1 3J.HH * ,707,';*«. . 2,11-3 70 •iTjMiT-ir .SC’jOMOO e . 1,719, LC1 .. yiy.CGO' .sj,-:io.oci