Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 3, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 3, 1867 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Chicago Cribunc BAHT, TRI-WEEKLY AND weekly. OFFICE. No. 31 CLARK.-ST. There are three editions of the Tcibck* luusd. m. •fTcrraornln*. tor circulation hr earner*, newsmen ard the malls. 34. ThcTßl-tVEBiLv, Mondays, Wed nesdays aud Fridays, ror th; malls only; and the > WKSSX.T, on Thursdays, for th i malls and sa’eatoar coccter andbr *.tw»meo. Terms of the Chicago Tribune : Daily delivered In the city tper weett) £ Sa ■i dl'.;., t, iu subscriber, (i 3 ” beta ...rare, rr? :..... i j.oo k,y * ( l' cr “turn, payable in advance) <I.OO . w ecur, (per anenm, psyaVe tn advance) £.OO tST Fractional parts of the year nl the same rates, ‘fl tf I’crwas remuiias and ordering Ove or more copies of either the Trl-Weekly or Weekly editions, jy may retain tea percenter theeabsalpuoapriceM a Cl commission. 9* > otice to smscEtßro.—ln ordering ttesddrew oi L f‘'ur papers changed,to prevent delvr. We saw and j specify what edition yon take-Weekly, Trl-Weekly, or Dally. Also, veyourrassixTsmlfatorc address, a IT* Money, by Draft, Express Money order*, or In at Ikglstcred Letters, may besentatoar tlsk. Address, ££ TUintNE CO.. Cbiauto. 111. a ij, THURSDAY, JANUARY S, 1567. | LEGISLATION BY WHOLESALE. The Constitution of Illinois requires that qi the vote of tiie Legislature on the flual pass age of all bills shall be by ayes and uoes, tv which shall be entered upon the journal "; cc and that every bill shall be read on three o, inherent days in each house, unless, in case reef urgency, three-fourths ofthc house whore *° -tu b MU i> so depending shall deem it expo se dient to dispense with this rule. The evi dint purpose of this clause was to pre p, vent hasty and wholesale legisla- Ttion; and the exception was only to provide against emergen tbcic?, when delay would be clearly detrimea _ t:U to the ; nblic interests. Experience has iiJthown, however, that this constitutional if pn (Vision is practically nullified, and is wholly inadequate to secure the important objects sought by its framers. U adcr a sus pension ofthc rules, especially near the 0 ciosH of our legislative sessions, whole pack- ago.-of private bills are passed through, by a Mr.gle vote, without any other reading by ibeir titles, on the bare of - a committee, any knowledge of their contents by :!:>• great hcily of the house which thus them on trust. An evil-disposed per .' 'i;. having access to these packages, and to the Journal?, might put lu a score of bills mvit acted ou at all, and make them laws by the trick, or pull out auddestroyas many re that really were acted on, and the Lcalriatuie would never know the difference. Such a system, It is needless to say. > ■ a? destructive of enlightened and salutary legislation, as it is repug- H.ai:t to tlse spirit of the clause oftheCon fiiiiii'-u inserted to prevent it. A remedy iu he applied. and the Legislature at curing session should at once adopts *. u'.c J'-r the thorough suppression of so gross 1 1 d dhcrcdUahle an evil. A rule that neither : h.-:ic would proceed to the consideration of J :i l- ; il on iu second reading, until ; it l.;:« teen printed, would stop the s\ mof ttnngiriiug legislation, of which we Lave V.i'.d too much in times past, or at least • i. Ji.r it vu.-tly more difficult tnat it cow is. If : k public act i? of sufficient importance to |*n«;.gc the attention of the Legislature, it is •.vitair.ly of sufficient importance to justify ,* 4'he trilling expense of printing it, so that it hre£ ::; "- k'- upon the desk ol every mem • •*]. cr iii si. eh a formas will enable him to study # a::>! comprehend it before voting. If a pri- I ill i> honest and commendable, tbc - ::'--r?<in or corporation to be benefited o ‘-/ it "light certainly to desire every to understand it thoroughly, and .••u’d iiot reasonably object to printing it at t.is own expense. Only those who wish to the State, would object to having the a; ::aa=urcs iu which they are interested fully and fairly into the light. 1 i'vciy man who is willing to let his case rest " Us merits, desires nothing so much asthat . merits may be understood, and such a :ile would powerfully aid ta the sue* '. its of honest measures, while at .ho same lime it would almost certainly . rove Jalai to many dishouest ones. The ■Lading of & bill is generally *t;;ore a mailer of form than olh r.vi>c, ard few members rely upon tie reading for an understanding of the con ■nts. A bill ought always to be, and it enerally is, when of a public nature, [ read before them in print- But the pri aU- Mil.-, the bills of doubtful honesty, aud !:-dearly improper, are the ones that arc m-Lcd through by committees at the 1< ?c of eetoiuus. without having so rich as their lilies heard or understood by iburih of the members. The very bills !.;.t oj-ght above all others to be printed are l.f bill* tiiat arc most certain not to be i Ititui at all. The managers of these lobby . 1. :-ie? I-.i ow well the feeling of weariness lakes hold of the members near the end f tie sos.-ion, their haste to go •■me and the prevailing disposition • h t everything go unquestioned, - ill right and proper. Aud knowing e-e things, lacy avail themselves of tbem . :!;<• utmost. Then it is that packages of V.' - • through, as it were, by racreiaotncn* ;it— package? »f which few, save the cun •;g M.hf'tiicr:, know anything, and of which ;e e., nmitlee that recommends them are ■ndimes as ignorant as the rest. How >».V »"> •Hl'l*’* ln * übsc'iucutly it is im to •-ar. But once rcqulr* these :> t*> be j.rinti-d for the use of the mcm r-1..1 ov taking auinmuptm tbem—compel ir i■ al aut iioi> and “engineers*’ to bring I . ;:j ii.to the or otherwise consign •ru i'* the tomb of the Capulets, d thvy would be more cautions In their n.ji;d>, while tlie members would also feci crcat-T sense of responsibility. Let Hie •gi?l.ai;ic puss a resolution, Immediately 11 r ur-ul.iriiig, that they will not vote upon v in. a.-ure until it has been printed—all hill? to be printed by tbc State on the •ommerdatl'-.n of the committee to which .< y referred, and all private hills to be : ini. il at the expense of the parties desiring > hive th*m passed'. We mildly hope to ••urc the support of the SprJngllcld news* ..pers fur this measure. k c 1: rSIK FAST FREIGHT BUSINESS. The out-idc public who read the advcr ; ciuciit-' ef transportation companies, have /■mi jt-arim to think that the shippers of r< ;ght Lave extraordinary facilities, and hut between the “fast," the “express," the • l !*r< ‘tiirli,'* the •“ lightning," the “red," • g:cen,“ “ hlutv' "black," and every other ,b;nie ni height lines, the difficulty must not V- that ofg'-Uing freight moved, hut which j r ti;n public henefactorsis most deserving of Ibujit-and patronage. We say that this is f ■ —ibly the view taken by that portion of public whoic intormation is de lved f;< .in reading the advertisements and J;-!:d bill.-- : and these people would possibly w-Mu.vkedil they were told that in point j‘. truth these <xlraordinarv freight arrange t;* - an-, with few exceptions, nothingless downright extortions upon the public, • <1 m\ indies for wnich the railroad compa -i'.» aie directly responsible. Wc do not re* •rioa;-y particular “line" or company. ' • >\ ..I the system, and have no hesita .■ i; hi pretiounclng it a monstrous fraud P> n i he puhlP* and the stockholders of rail- A CMjumiitce of the Ohio Legislature, in r.-t ig.tiing Hi's subject, is brlngingto light -Pci* that will prove astounding to the • ■ :aJ public, but which arc perfectly fa .i>s:ir;o all shippers. The disclosures are hut f.. iul.t often diverted from the routes > •vbi' h .-kippers direct it to be sent, and ..-i. u. plain violation of contract, but i\ - P»r the benefit of some understrapper i mid who holds his oflieial position by l.i ;a\ r of, and in consideration of, ancqult -1 ;>■ division of his profits with some higher l!.’-r <1 the road. Between Chicago and ji,-.-.- V-.:h there are several railroad ei.tc. }<<:■ travel »ud transportation. These on.* .mi.-- ought to be competing line?, but In r :ir ■ not, and there being more freight Pan tli« y can move, they have a union ini:, und to far as the lit lie are concerned they constitute but one on..p ’y. ‘The-e companies have great ]rlvilvg*-s : they may be said, without any (r'..a il« p.nturc from truth, to be privileged 1 . d<. wiiat they please, to lax the public to • and to be underno obligation-* i. r*. i‘iiL :• any rcturu whatever for tl»3-*e prv- Wj (i-'rVhev arc, however, common carriers, rtich’arc compelled bylaw to Iraus •F\,. rl f r ugbt and passengers when thereto re ■ i:ind. '"These railroads are owned by com it'v»i*iics. and tb'-y arc olHcercd by members of da profession, to which Is given the general ajjuiKc of “Railroad men.” This pro • I -sion iuclades men of Intelligence !• |j callli, experience and skill. It Is no place \ fer drones, and the man without brains toon be crushed did he enter it. We / l ced not add that it Isa profession which sc ares speedy and gigantic profits, nor can it .e required to add that the members arc all lonorablc men. The business of a railroad ompany on any of the large lines has to be vEtcrnatliad; and to do that, it has to bo di •ided Into departments and sub-depart- Beilis, all undertbe general charge of a Sti f ,c-rinlcndcut. To be a Railroad Superintend i , n i requires an ability of the highest order, v iud as ability often runs In families—ln the lircct line as well as in the collateral ranches—lt is not an unusual thing to find, be relatives of a first-class SuperinUJßdcut, Scattered along the lines of this, that and • >tber raUtouds, in official position. If these yen know their business, and they generally jo it i £ but another tribute to the sagacity '.rtisvhicb selects them. nji xbc disclosures in Ohio show that upon arrival of freight from the East at -Cleveland, - lt j o und Us way thence by what f £ rcr route the railroad employes there chose to send It, and lint too, despite any blits of lading or directions by the shippers. The result was that any line out of Cleveland which fulled to make It profitable to the transfer agents at Cleveland, received no freight, nui even that freight which was condoned to them by shippers at the East. To suppose that the transfer agents at such a comparatively obscure place a*. Cleveland know their business better than like officers at other points, is a libel upon the intelligence of the profession, and not to be thought of for a moment. The company that is willing to pay for freight is an enter* prising company, and railroad men who un derstand their business, know that such companies alone arc worthy of recognition. During the coal panic at Cincinnati a year or two ago, when the people of that city had to go to bed at sundown in order to save fuel; when the public schools were closed for want of heat, and when the whole community was in danger of freezing to death, the difficulty was owing to the re fusal of the railroads to furnish cars for the transportation of coal unless the officers of the railroads were allowed to take all the profits upon the coal after It left the mines. The miners rcAiscd to make this ar rangement, and the company had no cars for their coal; the stock in Cincinnati ran down; prices advanced ; miners were thrown out of employment, by the stoppage of the mines; coal companies hurst np, and when Cincinnati was on the point of freezing, and ihc miners starving, the price of coal at the mines reduced to starvation rates, and in Cincinnati at an advance of a hundred per cent, an officer of the road purchased all the coal along the line, the company furnished cars, and the profits, which were immense, were shared among the operators, and not by the stockholders. Even to this day that officer of the railroad purchases coal, and companies or persons that refuse to sell their coal to him, can have no cars for its transportation. He fiscs an arbitrary price at the mines, and those who will not work for him have bad to give up their business. This railroad man docs not pretend that he is doing this business for 1 himself; nor is there any pretence that the profits go to ihc railroad company ; it is ad mitted that they arc divided among a ring of railroad men, and their relatives. In other words, upon that road there is substantially one of the “fast freight lines," by which coal can be shipped to the great profit of :he freight line, but at most ruinous rates to the shipper There is a freight line from Chicago by which freight can be transported by rail without breaking bulk from Chicago to Bos ton, or to any point this side of that city. The cars in which this freight is transported run over, the same tracks, and in the same trains with the cars iu which other freight is moved. There are sevcral,othcr freight lines —through freight, live stock freight, and other freight lines—all having a degree «;f speed and certainty, graded one beyond :hc other, and nicely adjusted to suit the taste of any shipper. The question will force tself, why Is it, if John Smith can ■hip Ircight from Chicago to Boston on the Broad Gauge or any other railroad, that the Broad Gauge Railroad Company can not ship the freight of their customers, over the same route? ami why is it that there should be a freight company outside of the sailmtd company to do the freight business over that or any other railroad* Why U it that there should he here in Chicago one or two live stock freight companies to ship live stock from Chicago to New York over the connecting lines of railroads, when those companies profess to carry live stock freights. Why not have a com pany here to carry passengers, as well as freight, and why not another line to carry the malls? The transportation of freight is os much the legitimate business oftbesc rail road companies as is the transportation of passengers, and why the public should pay •John Smith to carry their live stock over the Grand Junction Railway, and not the Grand Junction Company, cannot be explained by saying that the Grand Junction Railway have not got cars cnotigh, and therefore have to refer shippers to John Smith & Company. The Grand Junction Railroad have just the same means of purchasing cars that £nritb has, and if the railway company will not keep enough cars for the accommodation of Us customers, their organization ought to to be broken up and placed in hands that - will employ It for legitimate business. That, we know is the excuse given, but it is invariably false. A railway company for instance, bas three hundred live stock cars, all of which, during the week, will ar rive at Chicago. John Smith, who repre sents the Live Stock Friight Company, char ters all these cars. "When a shipper applies for cars for his stock, he is refused cars, be cause the company have none. lie is keep ing his stock In the yard at Board prices; be cannot ship them; nor will he he able to do so for a week, if then. He must sell for what he can get, and sella them to another mem-, her of the Freight Company; they are shipped at once, and the Freight Company reaps the profit. If, how ever, they cannot purchase, they furnish the cars at whatever advance over ihc usual rate they may demand. The rail road company receives Us usual charges, and the freight company the difference. The I>oint of all this, however, consists in the fact that all these outside freight lines are owned and run by or in the interest of the officers of the various railroad companies- These men do an immense freight business over roads of which they arc the operatives, and pocket personally every penny of the ; roflt. There is no difficulty in shipping any amount of freight from Chicago, but shippers must pay heavily for it. There Is never a difficulty in getting any number of car?. If the shippers will pay for them. If the railroad company have no cars, the lightning line have; If that line has none, the green line, or the broad line, or John SriiUli’e line, or the warlike line, or the slim arrow line, or the three halls line, or some other line, has cars, and as the prices of cars depend on the exigencies of the shipper, so upon the same contingency depends the extent to which lie will be fleeced. This is radically wrong. The railroad com panies arc directly responsible for it. The apology that they have no cars adds but criminal stupidity to the charge of misman agement. They have no more justification lor not having sufficient cars than they have fur being out of oil for their machinery. The stockholders who pocket a beggarly three per cent every six months do not perhaps know that other men do u freight business over their roads that pays five hundred per t-enl per annum. Stockholders do not know riiat when the corporation barely covers ex penses operatives use the road and make .brtunes. Stockholders do not know, per haps, that the.company never has cars to lake freight at two dollars a hundred, but will transport John Smith’s cars at the rate "f forty cents a hundred—Smith getting four dollars a hundred; nor do they understand ■iow it Is that the company which docs busi ness by the million has dividends of hun dreds, while officers’ salaries by the thou sand roll up fortunes by the million. ARREST OF JDDftK .71 Aft RUDER. Wc have, by telegraph, the announcement of the arrest of Judge Magruder, of Annapo lis, Md., on a charge of violating the Civil Rights Bill. He underwent a preliminary examination before Commissioner Brooks, and was bound over under two thousand dollar bonds, to answer the charges in the United States Court. There are two points In the indictment against the Judge: first, fefusing to receive negro testimony; and, -ccond, selling negroes into slavery as a pun ishment for crime. It seems that four ne groes have been sold by the decree of the ■ccntod. It is to be hoped that the trial of Judge Magruder will be hud without any nnneccs -ury delay. The case presents a fair issue, ■ince if he Is guilty of both the allegations • i>cfificd, of which there Is, probably, no doubt, his conduct lias been clearly in viola ien of the Civil Rights Bill. The whole .nce'ion, doubtless, will turn mi the consti tutionality of the law, and It is very desira ble to know what disposition will I>c made ■>f iha: question in the Court of lost resort, to which the case will doubtless be prorapl- ly appealed, whichever parly may win the victory in the Court below. The people have for some time been congratulating themselves on the tact Umt slavery is abol ished throughout the land. Even General !)ix, in his speech in this city, eulogized President Johnson as entitled to the credit of having procured its abolition f*y law. The Civil Rights Bill was enacted 10 ii aintsin the freedom believed to have I con conferred on the blacks, and if it is to ><c disregarded and lejral abolition is after a*l only a delusion, the quicker the peojVc kuon* the fuel the better. -If slavery is really at an end, and thc-Civil Rights Bill is constitu tional, os the country has all along supposed, it is gratifying to know that the lau* is to be • nforced and the freedruen protected from the persecuting legislation of tbolr late op pressors. THK UIIEAT YACHT ItACIt. The great Ocean Yacht Race is creating a lively sensation in Europe, and it is gratify ing to olfeervc that the victor and the van quished share about equally the admiration and honors bestowed so lavishly on all sides, in which royalty itself has not disdained to participate; for, while the Henrietta was victorious, the others were so short a dis tance behind her, and all made such remark able lime, that It would be unjust to with bold from- them the praise so bravely and fairly earned. Mr. Bennett is certainly en titled to much credit fur sharing with the offi cers and crew of his yacht the hardships and perils of this adventurous wintry voyage, and his countrymen will be proud of the true “Yankee pluck” he has exhibited to conspicuously before onr trans-Atlantic cou sins. The promptness with which he chal lenged all Europe to an encounter shows that he is not satisfied with a vic tory over his own countrymen. The Duke «ii Edinburg, who bus taken up the glove, b the fccoiid son of Queen Victoria ; and thus Ihc son of a New York editor is to enter tin* list* and contend for the prize with one in whose veins (lows the blood of British monarchy. Tills will give the contest a sort of International character, and the result will Le watched with the liveliest interest. No doubt both Young America and John Bull wiii do their best, and if Bennett should come off victor, he will bo decidedly a lion on his return to the United States,us henow seems to be in England. Even U ho fails he will obtain almost equal reputation; and, on the whole, we think this young gentleman may well congratulate himself on having taken the chances of a very uncomfortable and somewhat hazardous trip across the ocean. CONSUMPTION AND LIBEL SUITS. “Doctor” Hunter, whose abrupt method of curing consumption is well known in these parU, Is acquiring a very considerable reputation in London. He brought an ac tion for libel against the Fall .Vail Gazette, a short time since, that Journal having denom inated him “an imposter, a scoundrel and a quack,” and charged him with having at tempted to commit a rape. A vast deal of medical and chemical testimony was taken in the trial, which convinced the jury that the position assumed by the Gazelle, when it applied the terms imposter, scoundrel and quack to Dr, Hunter, was well taken. They nevertheless awarded him damages to the extent of one farthing, which the Saturday Jtevino concludes is the amount of injury sus tained by the learned Doctor in the charge that he had attempted to commit a rape. H was shown on the trial that Dr. Hunter’s “system” consists in the introduction of oxygen to the lungs by inhalation to remove the carbon, of which it is supposed by Dr- Hunter that tubercle consists. The scientific testimony introduced was to the effect that the amount ’ of oxygen introduced Into the lungs by Dr. Hunter’s process, over and above the amount taken by the patient in natural respiration, was inappreciable; that if he were successful la introducing any greater amount of oxygen it would injure rather than help the patient; that the oxy gen could have no effect upon the carbon unless it were igulted, which would kill the patient Immediately; that tubercle docs not consist of carbon; and that consumptive people have rather more oxygen in their blood than healthy persons. In short, Dr. Hunter was os effectually non-suited os the man who sued his neighbor for a brass kettle, and the latter proved on the trial that he had never had the kettle, that it was broken when he borrowed it, and whole when he re turned it. The Doctor affirmed that the regular med ical profession in America have no objection to any member advertising in the newspa pers, or by handbills, as much as he likes. This statement was received with much astonishment by the London journals, as well as by the medical faculty. If the Pall Mall llazdte should add to the epithets, with which it decorated Dr. Hunter, by calling him a liar, it could Justify Its statement by the testimony of any regularly educated *• medicine man” in the United States. So far from being allowed to advertise, a regu lor practitioner in this country is hardly al lowed to have a sign-board. If his shingle projects a quarter of ou inch over the side wall:, or if it has any superfluous ornamenta tion, he is in danger of being expelled from the profession, ami branded os “an impos ter, a scoundrel and a quack.” J5T* A Glasgow despatch says that the American ship President Fillmore, which talk :1 from that port November 30. has put buck Laky. The ship President Johnson "as found to be in a very leaky condition a little earlier in November than the one that sailed from Glasgow, but her commander had not the wit to put back to a safe port for re pairs- Ou the contrary, the worse she leaks the more stubbornly he goes ahead in the same track, and already the officers and crew arc exerting all their strength to keep her afloat. Master Seward and Mate Welles are working at the pumps, but the water gains on them so fast the doomed craft will soon sink to the bottom, and all on board will perish. ____ ISTEUESTINU STATISTICS. Summary of tosses of Property by Fire In ISGT* and 18GG—Accidents by Kail roads and Steamboats. IVc take from the New York llcraltl the following interesting statistics: LOSSES DY FIRE. ■ The following table shows the number of fires anditbe losses each month lu ISfld com pared with those of the year ISGS; Months. Fires. Losses. Fires. Losses. January 01 $3,300.1)00 72 $0,875,000 February.... S 3 2,127.000 47 4.175,000 March S 3 1,731,000 4-1 5.710,030 April 25 4.400.000 SO 3,5£>,000 Slay 10 1,073,000 57 7.913,000 Jtmc SI 3.090,000 37 4,013,000 July 20 1,700,000 30 31,705,000 August 29 8,000,000 41 3,970,000 September... 27 5.980,000 25 I.'.MVMPO October 44 5.0:10,000 33 3,701,000 .November .. 85 8,350.000 S 3 2.203.000 December. .. *l2 5,523,C00 GO G,G35.000 sso,isa,ooo Total. The following table gives the losses by tiro in the United States from the ycarlSssto the year 18>», inclusive: Year. losses. Year. lt-55 $13,01(',W)0 iFCIc issr. 2i,inn,iflo iav2. 1F57 IS.T.Q'tW ISR3. jss6 ii,mi,ow isr.i, imsi ic,(.r ; s,oCo tsa, ISCO Total in twelve years lI.MI.UOAP ACCIDENT. The followlntr tabic shows the number of accidents and the killed and wounded on rail* roads in the United States during ISOli aud the twelve preceding years ; lF~ l s 3 IT's 1 3 G. 2 2. c Moults. it o. f t I ST I c. S • c. January 2!* 23 812; 15 22 110 February 21 42 JV» iG 20 C 8 .Mfticb 1G 35 191 115 April T II 23 8 3 12 May 10 21 78 2 S 5 June 14 23 ISO 7 31 22 July M S 3 6S Q 8 6 Angus! 21 8S SOI 5 3 50 September 11 20 •SO 5 18 O’* October 11 30 .8! 9 7 1»3 November 18 33 60 2 12 50 December.... II 17 51 II 7 60 Total 183 335 1427 83 JIS 007 The above figures do not include accidents wheye no Jives were lost, accidents to indi viduals which were caused by their own care.- IcsEness or design, or deaths or injuries re sulting from the recklessness of persons in crossing or standing upon railroad tracks where trains were in motion. The tallowing table exhibits the number of aceidontSj with the number of persons killed aud injured, during the last thirteen \ears: scars. Accidents. Kilted. Wounded. I*l r.Q 180 533 ISW 112 110 539 I*U JI3 105 620 I*7 320 300 18*’S, 82 110 417 TO 120 411 13tt» 74 57 315 l.'Pl C 3 lUI 479 1-02 UO 201 877 1803 80 2f.| 071 Ittl 1 JO 4VI 'l,4s'» 1863 183 335 1,427 1866 S 3 115 007 Total 2.013 3,363 STEAMUOAT ACCIDENTS. The following table shows the number of accidents, and the killed and wounded, on steamboats in the United States during ISiW and the twelve preceding years ; t 1665—\ r-— IS 6- ■ > gt -s > g s: Jg O ~ B Months. f & a. f f* a. ff : a ff : 2. Jnngary * 9 S 3 DO ffl SC3 .. February 5 175 4 Mated..... 3 83 S I 15 25 April 8 123 t.. 5 27 7 May 4 17 13 2 bO 40 June 4 ICS SI July 1 9 23 August G S 3 66 1 15 ill September. 3 7 15 1 3 19 October 3 75 13 November 1 50 .. 8 3 December 2 6 13 1 CO .. Total .32 17sS 265 23 «J 3 IS6 The above table does not Include accidents where no live* were lost, the killed and wounded Ivy accidents occurring at sea, or those who lost their lives or received injury mi board of steam vcsscis during engage ments. The following table shows the number of accidents and the killed and wounded dur ing the last thirteen years: Years. Accidents. Killed. oaaded. ISM JS 58? 223 27 176 101 23 355 1:1 tW 34J 81 27 101 IS - 11 21 s*o 23 537 lit i-tfi vj cy ss I*2 I*s S2J 70 IS 3 -20 ®,V. S 5 ISC-l J!fi «53 1W .*52 I.TSg S 3 C& Tolal. ThvOtd Domiulonln li|«trc«R. iKrcm the liichmoml tVa.) U)«patcb l Thc whole number of acres of land in the State of Virginia before her dismemberment, was .MVW'.OW; the fifty comities in West Virginia, 23,W0,SUV—very nearly half the territory of the State. The whole white population of Virginia was 1,047,547; of that part now West Virginia, 2.»5,040—0r more than one third the whole population of Vir ginia. The value of real estate of Virginia was 112.17; value of same in that part of the Stale now West Virginia, §53,- &U3.(U1.G1. Thus, according to thc*c ofilcial estimates, this State loses with West Vir ginia, nearly half its territory, more than one-third of its white population, and nearly one-fourth of the value of its real estate. Virginia had 472,G47 slaves, valued at $53«»,U21,500, the tax on which in ISOO yielded a icvcnue of $270,000. la view of these ca lamities. of course the credit of tbfi State has suffered severely, her stocks having fallen from nearly par before the war to now thirty-three to tulrty-four cents on the dol lar. Add to these losses direct to the Stale, the vast amount of personal .property de stroyed, which most seriously aflccts the revenue of the Slate, while It produces *i de gree of suffering and desolation amongst the people unknown on this continent. In regard to the State debt, now over £18,000.000, the JJixpaic/i says it -must bo “t-eah d,” and onc-tblrd, the share of West Virginia, repudiated, if that State will not pay It. EUROPE. Gigantic Martial reparations. Interesting Special Correspondent from London, Dublin, and Frankfort on-ibc-Main. AFFAIRS IN IRELAND. Universal Fear of an Early Fenian Insurrection. OUU LONDON LETTER, Gigantic Martial Preparation* on the Continent—Symptom* of Approaching War—France, Uussls, Prussia and Austria Hastily Arming for me Con flict— Ino Fenian movement a Spnrco of Perplexity and Annoyance—Stag nation of Trade In Great Britain— French and Belgian manufactures— *The Reform Question—Political Cor ruption In Great Britain—Eugenie's Visit to Borne—Distress of the Pope— The Jamaica Atrocities—A Curious Eccentricity. (Specie! Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] IjOKuok, Enctand, December 15,18G8. The ink was scarcely dry on the document called the Treaty of Nlcolaburg, or Prague, when I wrote to the Tkidl’Ne that the fight ing was only postponed till after the Paris Exhibition, and I appended a doubt whether a renewal of the war would not take place before that event. I have now to report that the mercury of the political barometer is falling rapidly. All the correspondents in Paris report unfavorably of the political situ ation. The Military Commission at Com piegne have agreed upon a plan which will give France an army of 1,230,000 men. It will come, of course, before the Corps Legislatin' for adoption; but though, in the opinion of a writer in the Temps, the proposal is one “which is calculated to stir every fibre in the national life,” he knows but little of French character who can doubt for a moment that it will not be adopted. Europe is to be re modelled; it must be placed on a different basis from the treaties of 1815, and for the accomplishment of this gigantic work 1,230,000 of even French soldiers will not be a company too many. It is announced that the army will have 450.000 Chassepot rifles In their hands by May next. So much for France. In'Austria, the system of compulsory ser vice has been adopted In principle, but It will not be applied for some time to come. U"der her new system, the effective strength of the Austrian army will be 850,000 men la time of peace, wnich, with the levies of the first’and second ban, can be raised in lime of war to 1,300,000. Russia, in addition to her standing army of 000,000, has made a call which will in. crease her strength by 300,000. She will then have a disposable force of 1,300,(W0, which she has the means of further augment ing in time ol war. Prussia, with her military system brought into operation in the annexed territories, will have an army of 1,000,000 at the least. England is still deliberating on the plan that is to he adopted for increasing her mil. itary force, but there exists scarcely any dif ference of opinion as to the policy and ne cessity of an increase of her army, iu the face of the immense preparations on the Con- tinent. Although Italy has really nothing to fear from any of her* neighbors, there is not the least sign that she Is disbanding any portion of the regular troops which she called under arms for war purposes. As to the minor States, they too arc arm ing to the utmost of their ability. This really is the stale of things with which the year ISO 6 is about to close over Europe. There is not a single power which does not, by a sure instinct, see the gather ing storm, and the various Governments arc getting tbeirshlpsready to be able to ride it through. They arc not merely arming to the teeth, hut no two of them seem to have any policy in common. Each one Is watch ing the other, but there arc uow and then snaps and snarls which indicate certain dis likes and antipathies, and from which one may prospect the political horizon. Judg ing from these indications, it is pretty ob vious that Icy courtesy characterizes the political relations of Russia, on one side, and France and Austria on the other. England would gladly keep out of the complications of Continental polities, hut in spite of the strong and unusual feeling in favor of peace, she will be brought into the conflict. On which side she will throw her influence is doubtful. Before the victory of Sadowa, I think, she would have gone with France, but tbat event bas shaken confi dence in the military preponderance of our neighbors across the Channel; and this, coupled with the family relationships ex isting between the royal houses of England, Prussia and Russia, may give another turn to the policy of our Cabinet. The time is not very remote when this will be cleared np, for nobody has confidence in the continu ance ofpeacc for more than a year. The Fenian movement continues to be a source of perplexity and annoyance. The preparations of the Government make peo ple think there is something more serious in it than was generally supposed. The people of Ireland, especially in the south, are in a state of much alarm, and business is, to u great extent, suspended, but still there hre well informed persons in Ireland, such as Mr. Bagwell, the member for Clon mel, who repudiate the idea that there is any danger of an insurrection. My own opinion Is that while the spirit of disaffection is general In Ireland, there is little or no preparation for arising, and, as I said In a letter from that country, 1 now repeat that the persons whosbould bring an unarmed and unprepared peasanty Into collision with tire troops will be deeply responsible. There is a preat stagnation of trade at present throughout the Kingdom. Several mills are working on short lime, and the iron trade Is very much depressed. The orders for Iron and machinery, which used to come here, go to France and Belgium. It is even staled that the Belgian and French manufacturers arc competing with us suc cessfully in the homo market. The iron masters'have sent two competent represen tatives to Belgium to inquire into and ifpos fiblc, to ascertain the causes of this altered stale ol things. By many it is attributed to the frequency of strikes, which prevent manufacturers from taking orders, by others to the fact that the foreigner really produces ft better and a cheaper article, it Is certain, however, tbat there arc thousands of persons out of work, and the prospect is anything but cheering. There is to he another demonstration on the subject of Reform alter Parliament meets, which will be far more serious than any that has yet taken place, for the working men seem determed, if they are not allowed to meet in Hyde Park, to occupy Trafalgar Square and* it may be, Parliament street itself. The Ministry are keeping their’inicPtions on this subject of Reform very secret. Mr. Addcrly, the Under Secretary for the Col onies, made a speech this week, but he told 50! $00,410,000 Losses. ,$19,02(.’,000 . 17,610,000 . 11,0-»,W5) , 53,rr33,U00 . 43.130,000 . 61,410,000 .ssso.ais.ooo ing hearers that he had nothing to tell them about reform. This much, however, he let them know, that they arc not to expect any measure of Reform which would lead to the abondmable - and corrupt system of the United States. Mr. Douilon, who was returned as a Liberal add Kcformer for Lambith, but who voted with the Tories against reform, has been imitating Mr. Ad dcrlcy in his denunciations of American in stitutions. Indeed, the example of the United States is that winch is always put forward by the Tories as the one to be*avoid ed by any country which desires to possess a stable and well ordered government. There must be something exceedingly attractive In vour anarchy and barbarism, at least, for it is to them that the thousands who yearly leave the country ilv. lam not in a position to speak of the political corruption of the United Stales, hut of political corruption in England there can be no doubt. The revela tions of the Election Commissioners have proved tint unmistakably. But the corrup tion is not confined to the voters. No man in England was so competent to give an opinion on this point as the late Mr. Cop pock, who had been for many years the chief elcctiniiecriig agent of the Liberal party. In his evidence before the St. Albans Election Committee he says: " I know something of roo«t placesin England and if, instead of through the register of voters and marking down ‘sold his vote,'l were to go ih:ough the listed boroughs, beginning with the first on the liet. say Abingdon, and down to the last letter in (be alphabet, and pot opposite the names of tie members ‘bought bis seat,' 1 fiiouid make quite as extraordinary a li-t as Mr. Edwatas has made of this borongh. 1 state that to stow ihc system, and no man in this kingdom ha* a greater terror of the system ; han I have." It is not decent, therefore, of Mr. Adderley to hold up America as a vile example of political corruption, when he could not fling a stone in the glass bouse in which ho lives himself without breaking ever so many panes of that fragile article. Mr. Adderley is a county member, and in the counties cor ruption docs not prevail. But why? Be cause intimidation usurps the place of cor ruption. The voters in counties dare ml call their votes their own, and this is so well known that the issue of each county election is deleimined beforehand by the preponderance of Whig or Tory landlords in it. Indeed, it is only where there is a nice balance of proprietors on the one side and the otlur, that a county contest takes place at all. I dare say there arc thing* that require amendment iu America as well as in England, but I do not think that even Irish emigrants in America would do what some English laborcis, la the very county which Mr. Adderley represents.have recently done. Sir C. Mordaunt, the representative of an old ai d resHiCtable family iu Warwickshire, re turned home lust week from Scotland, where he had married, and, on approaching the family mansion, the laborers on the estate unharnessed the horses and drew the car riage themselves. Such is the sense of self re- Bpcct entertained by English peasants, and encouraged by English gentlemen! The French Empress, it seems, Is going to visit the Pope. If her husband is not a Christian, as the Pope insinuated in his bit ter speech to General Montdbcllo, the Em press at least is. Bat so was the Empress CorloUn, and she, poor ladv, la in a mo*t terrible position. I hope the second Empress may be quite as rational when she returns to Paris bv Sew Year’s day, as when she left it. There seems to be more than usual gloom connected with the downfall of the temporal power of 'the Pope. Simulta neously with the withdrawal of the French the Russian Emperor has broken off ail ecclesiastical connection with Rome. } lie has taken the Roman Catholic subjects i of the Empire under his own care. The two 1 Popes have heurtf, and, in the clash, they ■ have split into divergent orbits. The Pope, ; thev sav, is elaborating sonic document, which is to jiftouish the world. This was ! the dav on which it was to have been pub t lished.'bnt the telegram has as yet made no announcement of its contents. There is only one card which the Pope can now play witb effect, and that is to cut tbo connection with Kings and Emperors, and ally himself and the Church with the peoples. This is what ho ought to do, but! am afraid non will still stand In the way of see • things in their real nature. A Parliamentary paper has just been pub- lishcd conlnit.lng the correspondence bo tween the Admiralty and Admiral Hope re specting the condnct of the officers under Ids command duritg -the occurrences In •Jamaica. it contains the story of the un fortunate Hayden General LaMotto. who, having left the Island three days before the outbreak, was driven back by adverse wcaibcriitotbe Port Antonio. Hero ho was pounced upon, bis cabin'rilled, his trunks broken open and his misfortune Insulted. Ho Mas (old It was certain the Haytlens “would get a d—d goc*d thrashing, and that it was highly probable the General and his companions would be hanged.'* To wind up, a saib r belonging to the Bulldog struck him in tl e face, calling him an “old negro.” No wonder the poor Getietal should exclaim, “Am I aiming civilised men or among savages f Whj do you not kill mo &t once ?” I suppose he will get some money compen sation, but that is all. It further comes out that Lieutenant Brand, who had ISO persons hanged, was pinked by the Brigadier General Nelson for hla zeal, uiserc (ion and judgment ! Ton probably know that this yonng gentleman, who has ISO death® to account for, has been deprived of his command, hut It is not yet made pub lic that he comes home (to be feted , proba bly, with his chief, Eyre,) with a pension ol £l9O a year—moro.tLan a pound for every death. I do not know whether the fame of Mrs. Elizabeth Cottle has penetrated as far as America, but I believe there Is not a Court or Cabinet in Europe where she Is not fa mous. She is a lady of great wealth who has been in the habit of sending out once a fortnight the most incoherent tumble of allusions to tbe occurrences of the’dav. with n biblical commentary, that only Mr«r Cottle could write, attached. She now believes her mission i ■ over. She states In her Issue this week that she has spent £II,OOO in printing her circulars. She lias paid, it seems, a per sonal visit to Lord Deiby. and to the Privy Connell, and endeavored to enforce upon them viva voce that her book, a new version of the Bible, was taken by her out of the hand of the Angel James, and that there is no life for the nation un less it receives her as the organ of the Holy Ghost 1 Some of the Continental journalists have been cteatly puzzled by her communi cations. She sent several to tbe King of Prussia after Sadowa, and it was only tbe other day I read in the Cologne Gazette a grave review of them under the title of “ An Eng lish Biblical Critic * The reviewer, having taken the trouble i efer to the chapters and verses, which Mr*. Cottle, without refer ence to sense or sequence, scatters over her pages, and being, of course, more In the dark than ever, it was curions to see how the worthy German floundered among these in coherent compositions, coming at last to the conclusion that they proceeded from a new school of criticism having a phraseology for the understanding of which a key is re quired. The curiosity is. that Mrs. Cottle is, I believe, on all other points quite sane! OUR DtBLIM LETTER. Apprehensions of Fenian Invasion and Insurrection—Activity of tlie Revolu- SiiunL-its— Xroi-tdatlon of Farmers, Landlords, and manufacturers—“ Se nator” Plcauy’s Arrest and Examina tion—Arrest of Suspected Fenians— Discovery of Arms and munitions of \l nr—Tlic military Force In Ireland* (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Denny, Ireland. Dec. 10. Two w.ceks have elapsed since I wrote you last; yit no Fenian invasion from abroad, or insurrection from within, have taken place, although the excitement about here is con siderable at present. The suspension of the habeas torims act last year nipped the insur rection in tbc bud, but did not root out the system. The escape of Stephens prolonged the agitation, aud the result is the revival of Fcnianism in Ireland, as well as America. Early in the present year, tbc Fenians re appc'arcd In funeral processions, marching In measured tread after the hearse, or In tem perance organisations, or musical societies and bands,leading tbe music, or urging tem perance reform. Stephens’ declaration In New York, that he was coming to strike the blow before the close of this year, has led many to expect a foreign Invasion or general rising before Christmas. In consequence, great excite ment prevails. The poor have drawn their moneys out of the savings banks, giving as u reason, when remonstrated with, that they “ know there Is going to be a general rising before Christmas.” The small farmers have not bought of the retail deal its their winterslores for the same reason, and the wholesale houses and travelling agents cannot obtain pur chasers for their manufactured goods. Some of the factories have slopped, aud many of the employes have been turned away. Land, lords and agents have rushed to the garris oned towns, and to England forsafety. Quite a number of landlords aud manutaeturers have left and and are leaving for England Irora within a few miles of where I write. Servants have been dismissed, working bauds have been turned otf, and much suffering to tbe poor must follow as aconsequcncc during the coming w inter and approaching spring. A few days ago Mr. s. J. Mcany was ar rested in London by a Liverpool 'detective, on tbe warrant of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, lie had a preparatory trial in Dub lin last week, and was remanded to prison lor a fuller examination at the next term of court. Mr. Meony is said to have been a • senator of the “Irish Kopublic,” and the private secretary of Stephenc. About three weeks ago he landed m Liverpool, from America. The police have been on his track from the time he landed uutll he was taken, lie is said to have left Ireland before as a convicted swindler. How true this charge is, I know not, hut Mcany certainly made a straightforward defence on his examination. Every steamer that arrives directly from America, or indirectly, by way of Liver pool, London, Glasgow, or France, is searched, aud the passengers examined by the police. Of course, gentlemen from America with broatl-fotd boots, aud peculiar form of beard, are Hie special objects of scrutiny by the detectives here. Numerous arrests have been made of Irish-Americans in this way, but as they have been careful not to carry any written documents with them that would' Implicate them with Fcni anlsm. thev have been released. In connec tion with tliese, several who were suspected lost year, but fled on the arrest of Stephens, and the suspension of the habeas corpus writ, have appeared again, evidently from America, with u large share of money. Many of those have been detained for further examination. To these may be added a numerous list of ar rows, in almost every town, of men who have not left their native land at ail, but who arc suspected of beinir in connection with the system. It is evident that the system Is popular with clerks aud shop boys, aud the lower orders of the people, for when arrests arc made, the police arc hooted, and the prisoners cheered. But I find.that the more Solid and substantial of the middle classes are strongly opposed to, and deeply deplore the agitation of the subject, as leading to more misfortune for Ireland. The papers of to-day record numerous arrests In the capital, the provincial cities, tbc seaport and inland towns. Casks of powder, and boxes of arms and am munition have been discovered in adjacent villages aud large cities, and in transit on tbc railroads. . That there is ft deep, wide-spread con spiracy no one doubts ; that if there were not adequate preparations made to meet it the whole country would be in one blaze of excitement and commotion every one may see. And still that there will be any great rising I do not believe. That the Fenians could do much harm I am free to confess, by rising in bodies, and others landing from America in various places along the southwest coast, and, uniting with these, distract the movement of the British troops, divi.'c their attention, and attack them in detail. But when we conic to compare facts, figures and men, the advantages certainly do not lie with the Fenians. The New York Times and ITcrald intimate that the American Fenians could land <‘*o,OJo men, and arm M),000 more in the Island; but what would these be compared to 40,000 dis ciplined troops now in Ireland, and three limes that number that could be sent over in forty-eight hoars, beside double that number of English militia who are ready, if called on. to move. In Ireland there are about constabulary police who up to this time have proved loyal, and could make a desperate fight with their breech loading rifles. Scarcely a day passes s-incc I last wrote, in which fresh troops from England have not come over, and were quicklv despatched to garrison the towns! And vet, with all this vigilance, to-day brings’the report that Stephens has secretly landed, and Is now in Ireland. This I doubt, but if he comes I shall soon let you know. Ills wife and little children arc living not twenty miles from where I am writing. Perbap* the following item, concerning railroad freight may he of use to the readers of The Chicago xuiniXE ; Farmers more their freight on the railroad from one to four hundred miles, at the rate of one percent per ton permilc—thetonbere belngS,3VMbs. OUR FRANKFORT LETTER. American and Prussian Gratlindc to Military tlorocw Contracted—tiuiiili cent (inints to Prnwlan Command er* —Bribe* for the Benefit of Boj-al Favorites—Hanover and the Mono* verlniiK—Pupoior sentiment Concern ing iteeoDMrncilon. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Triounc.] FnAXsronr-ON-Tnr-MAtN. December 7. The “jng;atiludc of Republics*’ is a politi cal catch word that every collegian learns out c hi> classics, and, with “glib and oily tongue,** expands and elaborates in his club debates. Il is a scandal that the ancient v.orld has brought on republicanism, which It* get rid of, the tyro statesman of schools needs only to compare the acts of living re publics of to-day with those of that form of government vtbicli are supposed to be the highest embodiment of tho virtue of grati tude. Before Congress adjourned last spring it voted a bounty equalization law which, if tho European papers have rightly reported it to us, will give to the soldiers, si-V>,(X)o,o>). In other words, they threw to tbe soldiers as an nuconsequenllal pour boirt % or *• trlsck geld,” as the Germans call it. a greater sam of money than the whole Prussian war cost last summer! What has the Prussian House of Deputies done ? Yesterday it passed by a vote of 219 to 80, a bill to authorize the King to dis tribute the sum of $1.050,(W0 * among Generals Steinmctz, Moltkc,. Her ward, aud Volckeusiein, aud the Minister of War, Von Boon. Two days before U voted the sum of sS<*»l,7oS.so —a little over the amount that will be given to General von Moltkc alone—for benevolent purpose* of a very extensive range. This pitiful sum is to be distributed, according to the bill, among disabled soldiers, appropria ted to general aims-glvlngs and donations, some of it apportioned to widows and. pen sioned officers, another part given to alms houses and beuovolcnt institutions, aud, lastly, a trifle set apart as premiums for tar get-shooting end practice with weapons in general, divide field, surely, in wulch to Vcattcr so small a handful of muaey. It will be urged, perhaps, that the widows of Prus sian blKceisand soldiers are in the receipt of pensions, find so they are, but those pensions arc uo more liberal than are rc- ccivid In similar circumstances by American widows. I may also be reminded of the fact that the Government has never dene, or offend to do, anything In behalf of Generals Grunt, Sherman and Sheridan that could he compared with the vote of the Prus-ian Deputies just passed. Very true; hut it docs what these gallant soldiers pre ler to see, by rewarding the widows and orphans of the brave armies that followed them. King William was present at the battle of Sadowa, and on the field of victory itself presented his brother and bis son with certain ribbons end medals wherewith they might decorate themselves, but Mr. Lincoln n’uocno such presentations at Appomattox Court House, or thereabouts. Pernnps that also will be reckoned os a sin.ut Ingratitude 1 lam not aware that any one'ever asked General Grant if he would accept a grant of money if made by Congress, neither do I imagine that he would have received a very giucious reply who should have asked him such a question. Why docs King William give his Generals money? Because he never allowed them to have their official reports printed in the papers; because U was never they that “ com manded” the armies and won the battles, but Prince Charles or the Crown Prince; and because If the private soldiers had not occa sionally mentioned the names of these Gene rals in their letters to their friends, the people ol Prussia would have had no reason to sup pose that it was not these precious Princes who did command and who did conquer. King William asked these Generals to lend ; him and bis Princes their brains and keep quiet; they were compelled to do this or nothing, and now he gives them gold. General Grant stands a good chance to be elected President, because the plain people of the United States read in their newspapers, in black and white, that General Grant was the particular man who took Bichmond; while there are millions of Prussian subjects, and not a few even of the soldiers, who have been induced, in their simplicity, to believe that the Crown Prince actually planned and fought the best part of Sadowa. I must do tbe Crown Prince the justice, however, to say that he a man of good sense and modesty sufficient to be con scious of tbe infinite absurdity of his father's proposal, and absolutely to refuse all rewards for himself. There is another branch of the matter — that lb regard to the care of the dead. I grant, at the outset, that our Government is not so profuse in expenditures for monu ments of bronze or brass, or silver eagles of victory and the like, to be set up in public •squares ol great cities, but there has never been anything done in Europe that can be compared to our works on the great battle fields themselves, and the religious care with which the bones of the brave have been col- Ictcd. AH along the Main, and in tbe fields of Bohemia there were bleaching bones for months after the battles; the poor super stitious peasants resisted desperately when they were sought to be burled on their soil which they could so ill afford to spare, and the Government Instead of de voting a few thousand florins to the pur chase of enough land to ensure them a quiet repose,expends it on Generals and triumphal arches, while the poor peasants, absoutely dependent on their few acres, flowed them over in many eases this fall, and the place will soon be forgotten. On the few great battle-fields the dead were buried, of course, to a great extent, but I have yet to read of the first movement of any sort to perpetuate their memories or hallow the spot where they sleep. Expeditions arc scut there to survey and lake maps of the ground so that they may write histories and adorn illustrated papers, but not a single great national work like those at Murfreesboro, Chat tanooga, Andcr-onville, Gettysburg and many'other*. Ims been attempted, or even mentioned. Hear the testimony of a German himself, a correspondent writing from New York for a German paper: “When Germany,that is so proud of Us civiliza tion, cun endure to ete the hones of its fallen sore, who believed themselves figbtitg for tbe right. on whatever- idc they stood, thus treated as rtie carcasses of beasts—alas lor Germany! Tbe American I'etmbllc rejects eneb a thought wi’U horror, otd in It* representations of human civili 'ration, cannot do otherwise than regard such In difference fur the dead as an indication of corres ponding hrniality uumng tne living. During the

German war both parties made frequent r-fcrence to tbe Americans and were often comparing them selves to this or tb t party. Each always preferred to compare their party to the Federal*, bat alas 1 in tneir treatment of the dead, both seem to more resemble the Confederates." It is about as difficult to obtain a reliable account of the real state of feeling among the Hanoverians and others towards the Prussians as it was in the South, unless one goes to examine for hiimclf. In times as agitated and embittered as those of last sum mer Lave been, and us they arc still, both parties, the Prussian and the anti-Prussian, make equally extravagant statements. Des pite all the stories of boyish malevolence and female spitefulness, however, 1 cannot refuse to believe that the Hanoverians nre resigning themselves with much more com posure than the people of the South, though this must be conceded, that the latter arc allowed to vent their bad feelings in print and on the sidewalks much more freely than the former. Single stories arc told now and then that awaken a lively recollection of Nashville, Baltimore or Now Orleans, for instance this: A Prussian officer, with his lady on his arm. was walking through the streets of Hanover, when an impudent urchin cameruuningafter him crying “Cuckoo! cuckoo!” To this the ofifeer paid no attention. The boy, find ing he was making no impression, changed his note and begun, “ A cuckoo with a but terfly! Cuckoo with At-this the otllcer lost all patichce and, leaving his lady, rushed on him in a fury. In the twinkling of an eye the boy was protected by a breast work of street-walkers, who restrained the furious officer till the boy escaped into a beer house. The olliccr was then allowed to follow, only to find that the boy had es caped. He retreated amidst a volley of derisive laughter. Somebody sent the editor of the AVgemclne Zdtuvg »n anonymous letter, and paid the postage in Hanoverian stamps (of course, not good), so ihat the editor was obliged to repay it. He paid It, of course, and then broke loose on him in this style: “We will bore take occasion to mention that somebody in list.ovcr, who signs himself “An llonoiabfe Hanoverian,” and wntM in what teems to ’•<’ a n«——^n' M« honored us with a letter *i aped with a Ha :ovenaD tier nroeclen stamp. in whtcu uc i«i.a us in an an* seemly way that we have not corrocil v represented the slate ofaftuirs up there. It will not escape the unprejudiced reader that we, a* always, have sought to repre ent Hanover objectively. From both parties have come to us representation?, giving their respective views, ami we have sought to mike this picture Perfect by selecting official documents, newspaper extracts, ,fcc. So for in (■li.rre wo have published that persons high In c?tit:mL2on have characterized the puolic sent!* incut ns a reigned tranquility, mid that numer* one deputations have gone to Berlin to do homage to the King. and that, outside of the train that followed King Geoige to Vienna, not a single official has applied to the Prussian autnnn* fes to be dismissed. On the other band, we have stoiier. abont t’jc wearing of white yellow cravats and hat bands, of demonstrations in church, when the new nrayr-r is rend, that the oroclama* lions ol Bing George have been scattered in the land. ic. Tlwc are the facts that the politician hes to deal with, while, with the sentiments that mav Uc behind them, be can do a< thing; and have we misrepresented all IJiirThe honorable Hanoverian who pays his ocp’flpe wirh (damps that bear the photograph of King George V., thinks so and would leach us beticr, for he says that * the Hanoverians would welcome with Joy even the Turks as deliverers from the Prussians.’ That, according to onr anonymous, is the fo'al and only truth i We con* less that ic this utterance, we have a voice, jbol it is a *r ox «tpreterm nihil' not a very wise verdict of affaire. Onr correspondent who pays his post* age with a photograph of King George V., quite lorgcla the tremendous events that would happen in Germany before a Sultan or a Pacha wltnrsi* zam, Rcdii or Boscbl-Bazonks, could penetrate to (he Erneid-Angustns statue in the Depot-Park of Hanover, to rescue them from Prussia.” FRIGHTFUL RAILROAD ACCIDENT. Scrlons Accident on tho Chicago A Great KoKtern Railroad. [From the Cincinnati Gazette, January I,] Between eight and nine o'clock yesterday morning, ns the passenger train on* the Chi cago & Great Eastern Railroad, which left Chicago on Sunday night, was approaching a culvert about two miles north of Rich mond, Indiana, It passed over a rail, proba bly broken by a freight train that had pre ceded the passenger train by an hour or two. The shock was very great, but the engine and baggage car plunged nearly across the culvert, just ahead, and then rolled over the high embank ment. The locomotive was a perfect wreck. The engineer, whose name we did not learn, attempted to jump from the engiue, but was caught on the driving wheel. Both logs were crushed, and his abdomen shockingly mangled. The fireman was thrown iuto the water below the culvert, but escaped with a thorough welting. The express and bag gage var was broken in pieces, and the freight scattered on the ground. Mr. L. W. L’eareon, messenger of the American Ex press, and-Mr. William Moore, the conduc tor, however, were only slightly bruised. One passenger car was also thrown from the track, and considerably dam aged. The Eaton & Hamilton train uas sent dowu from Richmond and took ou board the passengers. The physicians who called to visit the engineer pronounced his case hopeless, and sa«d that he could not live more than halt an hour. He wasftc eoidmglv placed in the sleeping car of the itain which te had been running. It was ♦hoiigliAthat the track could not be cleared until laic last evening. A Hollroail Bridge and Freight Train Oestrnyed by Fire. fFtom the Peoria 1 raiiscrip', January I.J Yourdav a frightful accident occurred on the T.. P. & W.' Railway, near Secor. A ireight train of iweniy-cigtl cars, including cabosc and pay car,.wa« going east, an extra locomotive ’ pushing the train be hiriu. When within ahont fifty or one hun dred feet of the bridge over Panther Greek, a wheel on one of tae cars broke, throwing ll.c remaining trucks of the track. In this condition Ua-'ualn went on the bridge. The ‘forward locomotive and eight cars went .-afelv over. The disabled car fell into the bridge wlu-n about half way across, ernsh fo«' the structure and precipitating the bal ance of the train, with the rear locomotive, some fifiv Icet to the ground- There was at»out two hundred and filly barrels of high wines on board. and the barrels bursting, the fire from the caboose communicated with the liquor, selling the whole mass in flames and destroying both bridge and train. The cocdnctorof the train, JoimAuibrose, sprint from the caboose just as it was going over, and saved himself by clinging to the Umbers of the bridge. One of the brakcraen, named William Slade, leaped from the top of the car on which be was standing, silly feet to the ice below, and was almost crashed to a jelly. He Is probably not alive. C. S. Whittfesev, Paymaster; John McKinney, Paymaster's clerk; and Oscar Bell, brake ma*n, went down with the caboose and pay car. the locomotive behind tailing after them. McKinney received only slight bruises. Whit-. tlesey is injured internally, it is supposed not dangerously. Bell had one leg crushed, ren dering amputation necessary. The engineer and fireman .on the rear locomotive, sprang oIT in time to escape uninjured. The train is said to have been .a valna ablehoc. being principally loaded with hlgh wlces, flour and pork. It was, with the exception of eight cars, entirely destroyed. We heard also that some of the funds In the pay car was also lost, but forgot to Inquire In relation to that matter. The bridge stood about fifty feet above the water, and how those who went down in the caboose and pay car escaped instant-death, U a source of wonder. We arc unable to give an estimate of tho logs, as the return train from the scene of-the disaster did not arrive in the 2 city till near midnight. THE ENGLISH COLLIERY DISASTERS. Full Particulars of the R*; mt Explosions. DREADFUL SCENES IN THR Four Hundred and Fifty Lives Loct— Origin of the Explosion—H .trow ing Incidents of the Disasters^ The Search for the Dead, The English mails received by tbe Aus tralasian bring full accounts of the terrible explosions at the Oaks and Talk-o’the-Hill colleries In Yorkshire and Staffordshire. The latter occurred twenty-two hours after the Yorkshire disaster. The total number of lives lost was about, four hundred an.l fifty. Cable despatches, a few days ago, gave an outline of these terrible accidents, bnt the following details, gathered from the English papers, show that the worst was not told: THE OAKS EXPLOSION. The Oaks colliery explosion occurred on Wednesday, December 13tb, about one p. m. This colliery is about a mile and a halt from Barnsley, near Hoyle Mill, and is the prop erty ol Mr. H. Micklcthwalte, who leased It to Messrs. Firth, Barber & Co. Its workings were probably of greater extent than those of any other colliery In the South Yorkshire district, and the number of hands employed was little short oi lour hundred and fifty. The ramifications underground extended over a large area, and the most distant points of the colliery were over three miles from each other. So far as could be ascertained, ’it Is be lieved that three hundred and twenty-four persons went into the pit at six o'clock on >N eduesday morning, but they were subse quently followed by at least six more; there is strong reason for believing that the num ber was over six, and that in round numbers nearly three hundred and fifty men and boys were in the pit when the accident happened. Nearly all were killed. TOE EXPLOSION. The first intimation of the disaster was at twenty minutes past one o’clock in the after noon, when the people engaged about the pit mouth observed a slight tremulous mo tion of the earth, followed by a dull, heavy explosion, that could be heard more than a mile off. Dense columns of smoke and dust shot into the air from each of the shafts, and in a lew seconds the pit bank was wrapped in a thick black cloud, that hung like a funeral pall over the ill-fated spot. The shock of the explosion startled the people living in the neighborhood, and a rush was made to the pit bank. Frantic women, terri fied children and colliers from adjoining works, eagerly crowded round the place, to ascertain the cause and the results ; and the anxiety and despair depicted by that motley throng vyas a scene that no pen can describe. BEGINNING THE 9B.VRCH. As soon as possible a party ot men can* tiously descended, and at the bottom of the shaft found about eighteen men and boys much aCeeted by tbe after-damp, and many of ’them seriously burned. They ■were at once sent to tbc surface. A search was made for others of the living. and as it was also important to learn whether the coal had caught fire, Mr. Dymond and a party of viewers and colliery managers from adjoin ing works proceeded to make an examina tion of the pit. They penetrated about five hundred or seven hundred yards to the bot tom. ol the up-cast shaft. The air was loaded with noxious gas to such au extent that one of the parly, was nearly overpowered by it. It was found that an immense amount of damage had been caused to the sides and roofs of the work ings. that the air-ways were literally blown to pieces, and that not a living man was to be found in the pit, Oi dead thev counted many ; within a space of fifty vards there were not fewer than thirty-eight, and at every few paces the number was increased ; it was also found that the stables were de stroyed and about eighteen or twenty horses killed. Some of the party returned to the surface and called for more volunteers to re pair the airways and get out the dead. Plenty of willing hands joined heartily In the dangerous task, and in the course of the evening and night more than one hundred meu were thus employed. SEARCHERS KILLED. One exploring party, when about seven hundred yards from the shaft, lelt the air sucking, aud made every haste out and saved their lives; but another party, con sisting ot David Stewart, William Sugdcn," Christopher Scddons, Thomas Nad in, Wil liam Stephenson (workmen), aud Mr. Jell cock, mining engineer, lost their lives. SECOND EXPLOSION. A second explosion took place on Thurs day morning, while the imiLleolu charge were in the act ofdrawing out the dead con sequent upon the previous explosion. The report was like that of a cannon. The news of this second disaster spread like lightning, and huudreds of the friends and relatives of tbe pejor creatures in the pit were quickly on the spot. The scene of Wednesday was again renewed. The poor women could be met on the road to the colliery Hunting with exces sive grief, while others were seen tearing their hair, apparently wild with excitement. Tbe scene In the neighborhood of the col liery was truly heartrending. TQIKD EXi’LOSION*. At nine a* m. tlie pit exploded again, kil ling all the volunteers who were searching tor the dead. Happily the foulness of the pit had been so great previously that about ten minutes to nine all the searchers, to the number of sixteen, came to bank. When they did so they were accused of cowardice by the men who were waiting to descend, and these latter at once went down to con tinue thescarch. They had not been in the pit many minutes when it iired, the crash of the explosion being distinctly heardat places nearly a mile distant. Timer HUNDRED AND FIFTT-TWO LIVES LOST. A fact corroborating previous statements astotbe number of men In the pit at the time of the explosion, came to light during the investigations, andstrengthens the asser tions as to the loss of human life. A Man chester paper says; “We arc Informed on creditable authority, that four hundred and thirty-two lamps had been issued on Wednes day morning, and as only two or three had been returned, the fearful estimate of the loss of life is uot likely to have been over stated.' 1 The numbers will be at the lowest esti mate, 030 in the pit when the accident hap pened : IS rescued alive, of whom 12 have since died; and 2S volunteers killed: making a total of 352 killed. CAUSE OFTJIC EXPLOSION'. The Manchester Gtturdian savs; “As to the cause of the explosion, little is known; prac tically, it is mere surmise. The pit was in the hands of a rich proprietary, who were certainly not parsimonious in their manage ment. The mine made a large quantity of gns, which was collected in various parts of the pit, and condneted In pipes to the engine plane, which was thus artificially lighted. In the workings the men used safety lamps. It is said that when the accident happened a number of the colliers wore driving hesidway towards some old levels charged with foul air, and a supposition prevails that, having tapped this air, it rushed to the engine plane, and there exploded, just as in the case of the recent accident at Dtiuklnficld. Another theory Is that the mine may have been fired by the Incautious use of the safety lamps or the lighting of a match.’* INCIDENTS. Some of the escapes of the miners were very remarkable. One man,' named Bates, was hewing coal iu some new works, about a mile ami a' half from the shafts. He became aware ot the explosion by a sudden rush of air, which threw him'down and rendered him Insensible. On recovering himself be Ouse. felt that be was being enwrapped in the suf focating choke-damp, and, with a desperate cilort, he struggled towards the shafts. The road? were so blown down that be could hardly Gnd his way, and after climbing over heaps of debris he at last fell helpless, and gave himselfup for lost. Some friendly hand raised him, and once more he struggled on towards theshaf , where he at last arrived, and was safely taken to the surface. One of the most affecting scenes which the searchers came upon was the discovery of more than twenty men, nearly the whole of whom were locked In each other’s arms. They had faced death together, and had car ried the friendship of life to the very thres hold of the grave. Others had evidently been swept away while taking leave of each other, and in the terror and confusion of the moment others had still remembered to au peal to the mercy of their God. Not a few were thus found in the altitude of prayer. A more awful spectacle than that pre sented to the searchers on Wednesday night could hardly he found, even on a ‘battle field. Horses, coal tubs, and In some eases men and lads, were heaped together in one confused moss, and some of the bodies were so much disfigured, more by dirt than muti lation, that their friends could hardly recog nize them ; some had to be Identified by a button, or a shoe, or some part of their tat tered garments. THE TAIJS-O’-TUE-HILL EXPLOSION. The explosion in the Talk-o’-the-HUI Ccl licir. in occurred at II a. m., on Thursday, December 33, aboat twenty four hours alter the disaster at Barnsley. Upwards of one hundred lives were lost by this explosion. The colliery is situated in the parish of Talke, about a mile Irom the llarccastle Station; it belongs to the North Staffordshire Coal and Iron Company, Limit ed, and has been worked about eighteen months. The coal which it produces Is known as Banbury coal. From the month of the shatt—two in number—to the bottom of the pit is a depth of 350 yards, and tbe workings extend ahont 500 yards in various directions. The number of men and boys employed was about 130. THE EXm.OSIOX. Tbe miners descended the pit at five o’clock in the morning, and engaged In their hazardous occupation till eleven o’clock. About that hour a smothered report was heard hv those standing on the pit bank, flames riishcd furiouslv from the month of the pit, and an insiatit afterwards tbs surface of the country for a great extent on all sides was covered with thick soot. The shock caused by tbe explosion was felt at the dis tance of'half a mile. Mr. G. Johnson, the company’s manager, pot the pit bank cleared ns scon as possible, and the cages were low ered into the mine. In a short time about fifty terrified men and lads were brought to the surface by wav of No. 2 shaft. Tho eiibrts of No. 1 shaft were not so successful, several men who were raised at that point being burned more or less severely. THE DU AIV. The exploration rendered the searchers almost unconscious, and as each one came to the surface every means wore taken to revive him. Some of them remained fora long time ball insensible, while others, on whom bran dv and chloroform hada more salutary effect, soon came round, and were ready for another descent. The bodies brought up from time to time were examined by the surgeons, and were, wuh few exceptions, pronounced dead. The fatal word was sadly heard by tbe men at the pit bank. At this time women and children hod been prohibited from approach ing the shaft, and thus many painful.demon strations were prevented- ~ The scene In the pit is described as frigUl fol. Bodies and limbs lay apart, and several headless trunks were sent up. The total number found In an injured state up to eight, o’clock at night was thirteen. The dead bodies numbered foity-thrce; after-damn was the cause of death. Deducting the un injured. the burned and the dead, there must then hove remained in the pit between forty and fifty men, aud, ss none of those brought up towards the end of the day were alive, it Is Imt reasonable to suppose that these, too, I''.vc perished. CAT3B OP TUB DISASnm. The force of the explosion, as evidenced by the appearance of the pit’s workings, mvfit have b3cn Intense, the brattlclng on all sides having been blown away, the plant scattered In all directions, and the roadways, for tlie n ost part, consequently b’oeked up. Nothing was perceived by the miners prior lo<be accident to cause them to suspect the approach of dancer, the explosion, Iv la said, coming on them with all the suddenness of a gunshot. Nor can any cause yet be fixed upon, except what may be Inferred from the fact that on the persons of several of-tho de ceased duplicate keys were found. The pos session of these keys is In opposition to the orders contained In the Mines Regula tion act, whxh requires that ‘ the locking and the unlocking of the safety lamps shall be solely performed by appointed officers. The scam w hich was being worked was called the Ban bury seam. The coal was very gaseous, and the exercise of the utmost care was enjoined on the workmen. Any sneb departure from rrle as that suggested must therefore have been doubly culpable. But beyond tho find ing of the duplicate keys, there Is nothing to substantiate the supposition, most of the lamps having been snivered into tho minu test atoms. The safety lamps In use wore the ‘Clanny,’ and Mills lamps. This Is the first explosion at this colliery, although the mine is described as one of a very gassy character. All the most recent methods of ventilation were in use, and the cause of the explosion is not at present known. *»ES, PREVIOUS DISASTERS. The following is a list of the principal colliery disasters that have occurred in \ orkshirc: Killed. 17Ii«. Arril 19, Rothffell Ualgb Leeds IS ISU9. Jane 30, East Ardsley, near Wakefield... 10 ISiS. January li, Gosfonb Cualmme, at Mid dleton, near Leeds 3811. November 22, Mount Osborne Pit, Barns ley is 1816. March 5. Oaks, Oaks Colliery, Barnsley, 73 IM7. May 17, Beeston Main Collierv, Leeds.... 9 1849. January 24, Barley Main, near Barnsley.. 73 1851. December 20, Warren Yale Picßawmarsb, near Kotbcrham 50 1537. February IS.Ludb'll, Barnsley. ... *. ..153 1800, Febrnaiy 15. Hlngbam Colliery, near Barnsley 14 ISC2. December S, Eamond's Main, near Baras- Total Addin" the number of tnc dead at Barns* ley and Hanley (450), this aggregate U now increased to U 77. THE ttIXXESOTA HORROR. Farther PurtlctUaw of the Horrible It? order at Near Flm—Dreadful 3lutl« lotion of the Victims. The St. Paul Pioneer publishes the follow ing communication from Hr. James E. Thompson, Postmaster at Mankato, giving full particulars of the terrible tragedy at New Ulm, Minnesota, partial accounts of which have already appeared in our tele graphic columns: “It seems that on Christmas day, two of our citizens returning from Leavenworth, Brown County, arrived at New Ulm at about two p. m., and stopped for dinner, and while in the National Hull some dispute arose, and one of them was forcibly put out the back door of the house (this is the report the citizens give). There were a number of Germans outside the door. It is not known what means were used to put him out, nor what was being done to him after be was out, but the other one tried to got to him, was seized by one Spinner, and in the melee Spinner was fatally stabbed in the thigh. The two men were then arrested by the Sheriff, one with ills head eul opcu with a hatchet fcoAbathis brains ran out. his eye cut out and hanging over his check, and a mortal cut in the neck. The other, also, had a cut In the head. In this condition they were taken to the Jail, and stripped even to their socks by the Sheriff, for the avowed purpose of searching them, to see if they had any dangerous weapons. (Who ever heard of searching a dying man in such a manner?) The Sheriff says that he (Lis comb) could not have lived an hour. While in this naked condition, the Sheriff says the prison doors were burst open by the mob, and in spite of all the efforts of the oflicers, the prisoners were taken, and one of them dragged out. The marks are still on the floor, as plain as though a stuck hog had been dragged over the floor, and half a cup ful of brains lay on the door, where they had run from the cut received at the saloon. In this dying condition he was dragged out, and there, in broad daylight, hung to the grates of the jail. The other out and driven around the jail, beat on with clubs (the clubs e-nil remain covered and smeared with his blood, to testify for them selves). He was stabbed, and the men who stabbed him came back to the hotel aud openly washed the blood from their hands. Finally, he also was hanged, and there .eft by the mob. “ The Sheriff says that the bodies lay on the ground at the ba rt k of the jail at ten that night, that he saw them there: xn \T ns left tuem TiiERE ; that no Coroner's inquest teas held or attempted to be held: and that in the morn* lug the bodies were gone, and that is all he knows about it. A more ticnalsb outrage never was committed by any body of In dians. The men were both well known and respected by all who knew them here. They are well known to many of your readers in St. Paul, for they were both memoors of Company H, Second Regiment,Minnesota In fantry. Their names are George Liscomb and Alexander Campbell. ** A diligent search was made by the party from Mankato for the bodies but without avail, until about noon to-day, when a place near the town on the river was found where a hole had lately bt.cn cut in the ice. There was much blood on the ice, and other signs indicated all too plainly, that the bodies had been put in the river, and we returned home sick at heart, all our human nature revolt ing at the sights wc had seen.” Fifteen Persons Poisoned by Eatins f ake at a Party* [From the Louisville Journal, January 1.1 A great deal of excitement was produced at Stephensport, Breckinridge County, Ken tucky, on Christmas nig lit, by the diseorery that liltccn young ladies and gentlemen, members of the principal families of tbc place, who bad been invited to attend a sit ting party, were poisoned by caring of wbat is known as marble cake. This cake is mado by dissolving or steeping a spoonful or two of cochineal in hot water and mixing it with a portion of the batter, and then arranging that through the rest, so as to give it a vari egated ormarblelzcd appearance. All who ate this cake were poisoned, and lor hours they suffered the most excruciating pains, while their lives were despaired of. But on 3 »tur day evening, when our Informant left, all were thought to he out of danger. Cochi neal is extensively used by confectioners to produce a brilliant red color, and lias not been considered poisonous; but it would be wcll forall housekeepers to know, that wheu physicians give It as a medicine, as they sometimes do, they prescribe very smalt doses, say ftom a third to half a grain. It would be well to also understand that those who deal in the article frequenty adulterate it with carbon ate of lead, to increase its weight. This adulteration is performed by mixing the two together, unit shaking them in a bag, when the carbonate adheres to the cochineal. Very probably it was adulterated cochineal that caused the fearful calamity alluded to above. Cochineal is a small red infect, but little larger than a gnat, peculiar to Mexico and one or two other tropical countries. Particular* of mo Fire in sterling Illinois* [Correspondence of ibe Chicago Trlbfine.l Stluliso, 111., December 31,1830. A fire broke out a little after 5 o'clock, last evening. In the grocery store of McAllen Green, opposite the Keystone Block, which consumed four buildings, and fora time bade fair to completely destroy that part of our city. The buildings were of wood and burned rapidly, so much so as to make it almost impossible to get families out of the second story. The four buildings were built together and were close to the Brick Boot and Shoe store of F. Frank. Ilero a most desperate struggle took p.'ace between a few of our citizens and the devouring elements, for If that burned, the Keystone Block, Boyn ton House and all adjacent buildings mnat go: but alter more than an hour’s hard fight ing against the elements, the citizens suc ceeded in saving the brick store, and thereby slopped the further progress of the devour* leg flames.* it Is a shame and a disgrace to oar city that full two thousand able-bodied men stood with a stoical luditlcrenee, and re fused to yield to the appeals made to them to come to the aid of a few heroic men who battled the flames for two long hours alone, and until many were completely exhausted- A man who will stand ana see the property of his neighbor destroyed by fire and not make any effort to save It, is worse than a fiend, and bis conscience should lash him through the world as a person not fit to live in a civilized community. The losses are about as follows : McAllen Green, stock of groceries*, about #2,000, fully insured; Francis Frank, two stores, about #4,000, no insurance: barber shop, los SIOO, no insurance : Mr. Wagner, building, 81.500, no insurance; Van J. Adams, building, #I.OOO, no insurance. The origin of the fire is not vet settled. Whether It caaght from the stove in Green’s store, or from a stove pipe in a saloon below, is not certain. There ere a number of smaller losses not enumer ated. FBO2I BALTIMORE. A Judge Indicted lor Resisting the Cl»l Rights Bill—Aronunt of Floor and Tubacci Inspected lo 1566. Balthiokb, January I.—Judge Magrndcr, of Annanclis.was brought before Halted States Com mireioner Brooks, this momirur, on indictments sraitsiblm for resisting the Civil Rights Bill. 'Thereare two Indictments. The first Is for refus ing to receive negro testimony. The second Is lor selling colored persons into slavery as a pan* ishmeol lor crime. The Judge gave hail In #2,000 to answer charges before the L'nlted States Court, spring term. .. ... The names of the parties sold by direction of Magnifier, were Harriet Purdy, John John son. Gassaway Price and Dilly Harris. The Aral was purchased by her former master, Mr. Rock well, for s2l. who made her a presenl of her time. The second l»onght himself for #27. The two lat ter were purchased at SCO each, by G. H. MUwell, who was requested by them to do so. Th* de rision of the question anting in these cases will bo looked for with much interest by the comnut nhv at large. ... , Delin'* the year, inspections of tobacco in the cny amounted* to 45,451 hogsheads, against 43,332 hogsheads in ISCS. Ol the inspections 33,3fe hogsheads were Maryland, loA.I) hogsheads Ohio. 189 hogsheads Virginia, 319 hogsheads Ken tucky and 6*2 hogsheads Missouri. shipments to torei’en ports footed up 42,772 hogsheads, against hogsheads the previous year. Ihe amount of Cour Inspected dnrim* the past vear was 907,323 barrels, via: 23-V7O barrels “Howard Stree.,” 313.115 barrels “CPy Mills,” C''C- 701 barrel* “Ohio,” and * 4,5+1 barrels “Faux i,V» Besides the above, 11,127 barrels rye flour, and 45.(152 batrels com meal were in-pseted. Dor in'T the vear 1915, the Inspection of floor amounted t0~96i,01i barrels. FROM AEGCSTA, XE. The 51 nine Legist •turn. ArorsTA, Me., January I,—The -Legislature meets to-morrow. There Is a report that the cau cuß last night chose Eon, N. A. Burpee for.Prwi dentoftbe Senate, aud Uon. Lewis Barker for tpcaker oi the House. The Senate is all Bcpanu. can. CHICAGO IN 1886. Record of Fires for the Past Twelve Months. TEE FIBE DEPARTMENT. Tlie Losses for 1866 Hearty Doable Those for 18C5, with Less Indemnity* The fcrowlng Is a statement of the operations of the Fire Department during lS6G,the number of fires, with the losses and insurance la gross, and specified for the larccr fires of the year; the loca tion, condition ard oocraiions of the Insurance Companies doing business In this city. THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, The Fire Department of Ctnraw; nnder the immediate supervision of U. P. Harris, chief Fire Marshal, is believed to be the most effective or* ganization of the kind that con be found In the concur. During the past year two or three brave fltemeti have sacrificed their Urea while engaged in the faithful discharge of their dalles, and their Chief who never shrinks where doty calls, has not entirely recovered from severe onms received ate die on South Water street In October last* Ihe Fire Marshal V office Is in on upper room at the Central Police Station, corner of LaSalle and Washlnc'on streets. An assistant is employed for each Division of the city, viz: Assistant for South Division—Augustus Harr. Assistant for West Division—Leo Myers. Assistant for North Division—Chad. C. Charles* as l The following table indicate* the a edve force of Ibo Fire Depaitment; Steamers. Band Engines Bose Carta Hook and Ladder Truck,. Men (paid) Men (volunteers). Horses sanamns. Chief Flro Marshal A*mtam Flee .Marshals. Men...a*. *,*. ‘ LOCATION OF AON AND ENOUtES. 1. Steamer "lone John,'* LaSalle street, be tween Washington and Madison. Teamen and tonr horses; hose cart, coal tender and one horse. £. Steamer “Frank Sherman," on Dearborn, bclwi en Washington and Randolph streets. Two horses and nine men, hose cart and one horse. 3. Steamer "J. B. nice,” State street, between Van Boren and Harrison, nine mm and four boms; bose*cart, tender and one hon»e, 4. bt**amer " Economy," corner ot Archer road and TVecty-fccond street, nine men and two horses; bose-catt and one horse. 6. Steamer “ Enterprise,’’ Archer road, nearHal steo sueet; ten men and four horses; hose-cart, tender and onchorse. 6. Steamer ** Uric Giant,” West Jackson, be tweer Clinton and Jethrson streets, ten men and four horses; hose-cart, tender and one horse. 7. Steamer “T. B. Bro«n,” West Lake street, between Clinton and Jefferson streets, nine men and four hordes; hose-cart and one horse. S. Steamer “A. C- Covet-try,” Michigan street, between North S ate and Cass streets, tea men and fonr horses: hose-cart. tender and one horse. 9. Steamer “Liberty,” North Dearborn street, between Huron and Superior streets, nine men and twn horses: hose-cart and one burse. 10. Seamcr “Island Queen,” 1-arrabee street, near North avenne. ten men and fonr horses; hose-cart, tender and one horse. 11. Steamer—West Lake street, near Caion Park. J 2. Steamer . Cottage Grove avenne, cor ner Twenty-sixth street. Hook and Ladder Company at “Long John ” engine house, six men ana two horses. Band engine. Rolling Mills (volunteer), sixty mcc. Supply hose cart “Tempest,” corner of West Washington and Clinton streets, four men and one horse. supply Lose carl “America,” Blue Island ave nue, near Uarnson street, three men and one horse. Hand engine, Asvlum avenne, corner of Cly bourne avenue. Hose cart (volunteer), corner of Oak and North State streets, sixty men. tOSSKS OT mt£, AJfD KiSCBASCE. Ihc followlnc statement of the aggregate losses and insurances for (be first eleven months of 1306 compiled from (he Fire Marshal’s reports. losses for the month of December are estimated at fl2o,pfK*, npon which there was an Insurance to tbeamounlof aDouts7o t ooo. Losses. Insurances, f 111,030 f.l3,t*(to 21,935 23.550 21.17 U 17,270 47,T2U 3:1,5 >5 122,175 113,100 35!,210 327,820 13-1,300 41,^30 C38.T37 413,125 37,650 23,T'H) 178,120 62,620 501.41)0 256,010 120,000 TO,OJO January..., February.. Match Apri1...... May June July August .. September. October .. November. December. .52.252.713 51,516,350 . 1,202,036 946,112 Total, JPCfi. Total, l£t>3. .*l,oStl.«T7 Difference. While the losses by Are have nearly doubled, the total insurance of the year is fully two-flfihs less than that of 1565. NUMBERS OF FIRES AND ALARMS. The following statement shows the number of dref and false alarms in 1366, to November 30th, 1566: False False Fires. Alarms. Fires. Alarms. January 23 2 July - .21 0 February. ...21 4 Augu5t.......10 1 Matvb 20 4 September...2s 2 October... ..53 0 November... 11 U April May.. June. ...ts 3j sft 3i i3 1 I Total..-355 23 The following Is a statement of (he Ores which have ©centred during (Le year IS6R, In which the ]n<>s was $1.0(0 or more, and the tncuranccs arc given in every instance where they could be asc.r* tamed: JKSVMST.' 2d. Hoj re's brick Dairding, corner of Chrkatcl Monroe, occupied by Montague A Day, Oommts sloc. 3x)ss SI,OOO Fully Insured. Gib. Vwo-sto»y frame, corner of North Clark anu .Michigan, owned by 11. H. Magee. Occupied by C. A. Gchegan and others. . Lose Jti.cf-O; insurance Si,3;-0. Clb. Barry A Van ViicU No. 101 North Clark. Loss $2,000; fully Insured. • lb. Nos .vq, aai«j and 503, Canal. No. 551. oc cupied as a tlnshop by C\ Mairctt. 1.0-s *!,O»W, Insured. No s'Jl‘i Richie*& Herrick.dry good-*, l.oss sl,2Cfl. Insured for SI,OOO, No. 593, 3. Crowles liquor dealer. 1.0-s $3lO. Insured. Building owned by 11. Mclncrc. Loss SIO,OOO. Partially li-^nred. 7th. Five frame buildings at the corner of Mon roe ami Wells, owned by Clark Geib £ brother. Lof*- $5/00. Fully Insured. SUi. Etc von stores irom No. 233 to 2IS Clark. Block owned by P. F. W. Peck, r. 039 «3S.i}t»'.i; itot Insured. No. 230, F. Uoi'man, furnishing store; 2:52. F. Kelly, tailor; 23!, 3 Mcls-el, tobacconist; 236, Mrs. Davis, dressmaker; 235, H. Boulnrd. restaurant; 2i n , Mrs (Jourand, mil liner: 212, W. M. MnUieny. drngcUt; 911, Clca**- wafer,’Warren& Co., grocers; 21l*i. Lnssage £ Kemnuintr, t-akery; 21C, C. Hayes, druggUt; 2ia, e j. Flr.cder, grocery. Various famines ocropvivg cpn.r rooms In thl« block lost property worm SIO,OOO. Tnc entire loss of tradesmen, $16.0C0. Fully insured. 10th. Tbrce-story brick. No. 153 State, owned by B. Fergus. Occnpt-d as a 'lailliuery B'ore. Loss $3,000; fully insured. , . 10th. Clarendcn House, 232 and 231 Randolph, owned by Dr. Ray. of this cltr, and Charles Web ll*. Occupied by Nicholson & Co., tobacconists, •and 11. Schocikopf & Broiher, grocers. Loss, $50,000: Insurance. $50,000. Hth. Frame bnlbtinp Nos. 100 and 102 North Clark. Damage to building $1,009. insured. 16th. Row of old buildings on Clark near Lib erty, owned by W. Smith. Loss,sl.TW. Insured. Hth. Three Arcs—losses light. One the shoe store of Ucnrv& Levy, ITI Randolph. Parties subsequently arrested on snspl.-lon of arson. Dls -23d. Dry Kiln on North Pier, Michigan, occupied by Wood, Graves £ Stevens. Loss, $5,000; insur ance. $2,200. 26ih Nos. 406,4fiS and 450 Ewing, saloon and dwelling. Lose. $*5,800; insurance, $3,000. XXBRUABT. 2d. Four story brick, owned by M. O. Walker, occupied by W. B. Fowler & Co M saloon, etc.; loss f 3,000; lolly Insured. Furniture factory near Chicago avenue bridge, owned by Phillips «t Llcbenstein; loss #7,500; fully Insured. „ Turcc story building corner of Peoria and Kinzie, owned and occupied by J. B. Thomas, toy factory ; loss $2,0C0; fully insured. 4th. Nos. 71,73 and 77 Chicago arcane. >o. 71 owned by A. B. BoU'map,'occupied by J. ualoi burtr; 75, John Burke, butcher; i* owned by W. Myers, occupied by J. Mvcra and J. Holtingcr. Total lo«s *3.700; total Insurance $0,200. 54h. Two-story brick. No. 2U Washington, owned by J. 11. King, loss £1,000; fully Insured. OccupfedbvMr. Hendrickson, boarding bouse, loss #1,200* fmly insured. , , ICth. Twfo-story frame, >o j W R,v ' cr \* by Judce Fuller. .Occupied by saloon and boarding house. Ixjss *1,500, fully lD **2nd** Two fires. One, a three-story brick at No 219 North Clark, owned by N. Stasdcn, occupied by E. Gross as a dwelling and for stor age of tobacco and cigars. Loss *2,j00; xmly Two-story frame, No. 11 Union, owned byC Lewi-, occupied by Colonel Sollonnn and A. Stine. Loss *2.700; fusurauce, *2,000. 26tb. Two-storv frame. No. 258 Clark, 25S?*. and 2flo. owned by C. L. Jen Us. Lots, $1,700, fully in sured. Occupied by C. Swiney, saloon, A. Gold finger, tailor, and H. Ambcry. Losses and insur ances unknown. xancw. 32th if os* 21 26, ttf> and TO West Randolph, owned by Mrs. Wion and W. U. Stow. Occa nants. Mrs. Dixon. W. Coalhorn, E. Brown. Mr. Rock and W. W. Lake. Aggregate loss. l-isla; insurance. J 4.000. . 3«h. KosT-167. 465,497,459 and 491 Clark. The first three aimed and occupied by S. Ford, groce ries, bay, &c. Nos. 199 ana 491 owned and oecn pied as a boarding boose oy C.L.Jcnka. Losses, t-1700; lully insured, 17th. Passenger car of Northwestern Railroad Company, at Franklin street. Loss, f 2,000; not i1 22d? d N08.257 and 259 Illinois. Owned by Mw. Euiit r, and ocenpied by M. S. Stewart. Boarain o fconse. Loss, $2,200; tally insured- .- 2Uth, Nos. 125,127 and 129 nark. Owned by E. Morrison. Ocenpied by F. V. Pitney, shoe stirc, C. Fnrlck, travelling bag factory, and J. L. wai baits, saloon. Los?,. 11,400; instued.. od. Two story frame cotiwo factory, owned andJ occupied by Groll & Grub Die. Loss, $10,000; In §n3d?* Brick bam In rear of No 181 West Lake. A German, Henry Boeh!er, and his daughter, Ma*y Bovhlcr, burned. Seven horses consumed. Loss es, SI;SWJ; insurance, S3OO. 4th Three storv brick. Nos. IS3. lS7and Wed-, owned by Mrs. Shub. Partially destroyed. Lopp. $1,400. * . lOdu iwo story frame machine shop, comer of 4nne and West Randolph, owned and occupied l»v dan & lenbroerk, carriage makers. Loss, #io,cco; fully insured. _ , . „ »I.t No. 131 South Water, Durand & Co., gro ceries. Loss $4,200. Fully insured. 2Uh. Three story brick, No, 100 Madison, owned by C. N. Holden, occupied by J. Raudo, picture frame manufacturer. Loss #II,CuO; in- SUl 2S\b? Two story frame, No. 107 Nprth Clark, owned by Mrs. Bailey, occupied by J. Backer, cabinetmaker. Losssl,ooo. Fullyinsured- 6lh. Four-story brick. No. 180 lake, owned by W. Lock, occupied by Burg«!c Brothers pocsot book makcis; E. Wood, gunsmith, Ac. Losses, fl.SOO; frillr insured. , > __ 7ih. Noa. 233 to 2*t South Water, five-story brick block, owned by W. 8. Gurnee and William B Ogoen. Occupied by McCormick & Co., Ma elalr £ Downing and others. Losses, #31,000. brick No. 103 Madison, owned by G. I’owell. Occupied by E. H. Jew ellev, and G, 1m Clydesdale, photographer. Losses »i 350; insured. Partied occupying the photo graph gallery committed for trial on the charge of “Ifh/Ko*. 461,463 and 4C5 Clack. . Three story frame, owned by C. I- Jenks, occupied hyse.cral nartiM. Losses, 1 osured. • Twoatory trsme. No. 133 Stato, owned by HUto&PW 67 M B. Coot. •hd dwelling. Loss on promises, msureu. ’"iSlh. Noo-40and51 Hannoncoort,owoed «od ocrnplcd as a dwelllnsby N. WlnariL SIS Slate, caniit bj J. Glaaaon. Lots, ®i,ctw, liu II IStS r Ko-. 473 to-ia Clark. Small tome butla- IbK. No. 477, J. W. roller, e'ore aM Smiling: No 481, W.Short; No,4»* A-Uo»eSj N 0.473,.473, F. Sturm, bw. 6LoCo;fullT insured. 15tb* Fecd-miu* occupied by C. F. Brown^ owned by C. Hitchcock, at No 33 North CaaaL Loa»> Insured for J3.0C0. iSih. Four story brick No. 7* fo 8J Sedgwick, owned atd occupied byR. Hasdais £ Co., orsas and mclodeon lactory. Loss s7,«r? folly in sored. 16th. Dry-bonse of Russell's pla-im* mill on Fußen. Loss SI,OOO. No Insurance. 21st. Two story brick. No. 115 Fourth creune, owned by Cook and ilcJ-eao. Lo«a ?l,S r >-; fa Ur liipimd. S3H. Harn in rear of No. 876 Soath Wells, owned by Sirs. Young. AL-o, No. l&G Van Dn>en, aaa > age shop ana dwdlrg. occupied by M. Weber. No. 273 Wells, owned by A. Pitowig. Losses J'i.SfV. Iv.9Q-.auce $1,300. 2S:fc. Nos. 2?S to 2t7 Chicago avenue. No. 315, frame dwellin'* owned by J. Hepp; No. 213. cot tage, J. if. Labhart; Si 7, cottage, C. Diurch. Losses, $4,400. Icsnrano', $2,900. JUXB. €lb. No. 843 Souib Wells, owned by A. Mandril, occupied by M. c. McCarthy. Loss, $1,3u0. In sured. »th. Metropolitan Ball, comer of LaSalle and Kauc'Jlph, owned by E. V, Mtmger. Also Nog. ita and I*s Randolph—all’ partly destroyed, iff*?!*' W. Knowles, boots and shoes: W. B. Frank,tobacconist; Bann *fcPohia’ eaiooo.No. 43 rooms oi Academy of Science; £aat ®« f J Lommciclal College; Blaney Lodge P. £ A. Livingston i Co., commission. Lose. ST.OCO; fullr insured. fth. brick No. ISS South Water, oc cupied by helloes & Covcll, grocers; No. 137, H. W. EreUincer « Sons, agricultural implements ; Nos. IB3J and 131, owned by B. F. Sherman and occupied by Peon, On company and KoaseU. Brothers: Noe. 11*1 and 133, Hail, Klmbark & Co. Entire losses SIOO,OOO. Fully insured. llib. Brick flouring mill. No. 23 South Canal street, occupied by T. Lonenrar, occupied by Marsh & Co., steam gnago manmactory. Lose $!-I,h(jo. Fully Insured. 12rh. Frame, tannery, near Rolling Mill, own ed and occupied by Mr. Ccnnette. Loss SLOW. No Insurance. I2lb. Bocegnndln<r mill of Walter Lester’s, scar ttollinc Mill. Loss {5.000; Insured ICib. Distillery os Sherman street, occupied by J. S. Brown. Loss* fl.Ort); Inlly insured. IStb. Dwelling at JJo. *J2 C’yVjourue arenas, owned by C. Meyer. Loss, $1.200; so -inaa racce. I'jih. Brick dwelling on Waubansla arcnnc, owned acd occupied by G. S. Hubbard & Co_ packers*. Loss ?I,UUi; fully insured. E. B. Ward Jb Co., rolll eg mills. Loaa JIDO.OCQ; tolly Insured. 23rh. Nos. 11l and 113 Adams street, dwelling, owned by Mr. Goldlaud, occupied by Mrs. 11. A. Burnham. LosssS,ooo; folly insured. Jones & Small, stationer*. No. 122 Lata streef.' Loss SS?,OCO; insurance fIS,OOO, 4th. No. 191 Blue Island avenue, store and dwelling owned by W. Fergus; No. 100, owned and occupied by Mary McCarthy ; No. Ix 2, store and dwelling owned by W. Stnenkel; No. IM, rtore acd dwelling, owned by P. Jennlson: No. TJS, store and dwelling, owned by M. Waller, losses *2,500: Insurance? #!,GCO. 4th. No. Oil North Wells, J. Shlmberg, store and dwelling; No. do, dwelling and store, C. Flshback: No. GIT, dwelling, ownedaini occupied by G. Delpb. 1 oases ; fully insured. 4th. No. KDNorlh Wells, grocery and dwelling, owned aid occupied bye. H. Neggroan. Loss fully insured. Besides the Area mea tioned there were three others of less importance the same day. 17tb. Ibe great fire on State strcct.destroylog 33 bulldicge, txtcndlng from No. 4*23 to 1.*3. destroy ing several buildings on the opposite’*>ida of the street, and others on Polk stivet and Feck court. Total losses $107,010. Inauracci amounting to one-tblrd of the loss. .52,505 . 1,203 . 723 25ib. Bnrwory, owned by J. P. Mueller, occu pied by Mnelic:&Brolhcra. Loss 520,000; insur ance *IS,CGO. ?d. Bag factory tf Hart. Asten & Co., 133 Sonth Water. Owned by Ira {Touch’s estate. Los* in goods and building £71),C00. Fatly insured. No. 151 Stearns rorsyin, grocers. Stock much damaged by water. Loss Fully insured. Sd. Bams and sheds in J>ar of No*. rtM, -U3 SB> SIQ, SlSandSU State street. Loss 5t5,600. In sured $6,-tCO. 7th. Glass works of Tobey & McMahon, Nos. 2C9 and £1 i Superior street.- Loss 51,200. Fmly framed. ICib. in the tear of *255 Sonth Clark, extending f 0557.250, sCi, Ml** and No. 50 Fourth avenue. Loss fIO.tCO. Insured lot 55,000, IStb. Steam Forge Works, Nortbavcnne bridge, owned by Chicago Lard Company,* occupied ny IngemlJ &. Ball. Loss *2.100. No insurance. util. Nos. 33, ST, £), -11 Sonth Water street, and Nos. IS, £0 and 22 Lake sheet; Loss. Insurance. Van Horn, Murray &Co 5W 00 *;ui,&!o Church Jccadr IW,tMO ds,dw) Tolmait. Piukbaro Jc Co ...... WMJCfI 5J,00U Smith lb older- .... 1,000 J,POT (.’arson. Pierce & Co.. .. 73.000 75.0^ Jewett <!C Duller 5,0 41 0 5,000 Whitney Pros. & Co-. 1.000 J,ouo Arnold, Meyer Jk Fuller (bnild ir.") ....... 50,000 50.<HX) C. pTife (building) S,**)o .'.COO F.*L. Findley 93.UP0 V«W W. Butterfield (building) 13,::00 7,IXW 2t ib, Buiinlntr owned and occupied by W. s. Dickinson on Maple street. Loaa §2,000. Fully insured. Sl-t. F. R. Wilson’!* foundry, N'o?. IG7 and lf>3 Fonth Clerk,»stonding to several adjacent dwel lings. Loss f'ls,ouo; partially Itisuicil. •23d. Nos. :uO,lOl ana 101 Monroe, Loss,»1,000; fully Insured. '.*7ih. Five frame building* at Uniou Stock Yards. 1 oss, SS,3OU; Insured, 50,000. An Incea diary fire. •27th. No 115 Lake, flour and foci mill. No. 151, two story frame, owted by D. J. Fly, oc~u picd by Webster A DinLc and C. 11. C.it«>n. No. 117, Wetter horn's carriage shoo. Nos- 130 and HI, owned and -occupied by Phillips, Lillie Jc Co„ agricultural warehouse. No. 137, iLrec e'orr frame; No. 135. brick barn owned by C. I*. I ilia; two fiamc batn»;No?.- i;t)J4 ami 112, harness shop, Mr. Swartz, No.- 140 owned and occupied bv \V. S. Aiken: lit and 17-I}j occupied by Duun & Losse, owned by W. S. Aiken; M 6, paint store; 145. occupied by F. Levi, tobacconist. Nos. HR and IIS owned by Robert Elliott. Frame building on Eagle street, Charles Odcd. Eagle street. In rear of 135 Lake; nar ot 150 Randolph, dwelling of J. Reiser; rear Hi Randolph, dwelling of Mr. Tracy, also J O. Leary and V. Hoffman. Aggregate loss, £ 15,OH); lOf-nraore, S2O.CUO. 3i)ih North Water, west of Well.’. Losers, M. O'Brien. Mrs. AuJcrsoa, John Poizeo, E, Onms, If. Wi’hrtng, A. J. WecUsr and others. Loss, 33,£C0; Insurance, £3,500. $6ti0.515 scrTExnrft. 2d. Bakery!ofi J. W.. lin'd & Co., comer of Illinois amt Dearborn street. Lose £I,OCJ; fully tfic-orrd- Sd Nop. ifJi 13‘ and lOCJcC’crpt.n 9l«cct, o-.med \>t John Holland. Lo=i £'J,tun Insured tor sS,uu. "th Barn bclonjnrcr to Hall «fc Winch, rear or No. £3 < Clark street. l.o*s SCJ.COO; no Insurance. . SUj. Boardinsr boose of Joseph Wilson, cook street. Less £V,WW; wholly !o*ur«il. 13th. GiHV Hotel, coj per North Water and North Wells, occupied b> Mrs. McDermott; No. 15 North Wells street, C. C. Andcr-’on, No. 13,-JoUn Bobccs: No. IT. occupied by Mrs. Byrne, Total loss ; lolly insured. Itbb. No. 14 Warren street, owned by George Betts. Loss SW,feCO; Insured. •Tth. Two-story P-anse dwelling, owned hr Wil liam ilillcycr. Loss $1,460; insured lor SI,OOO. l?t. Prig China, near Kinzlc street bridge; loss SJ,CIQ; v belly ii>iucd. •lib. Furniture store on Milwaukee avenue. J on? s4.(l?''; insured for 42,500. No. 15* saloon and besroing bouse; loss $4,SflO; injured lor SII,HO. No. girlbuilding, owned by Mr. Roberts ; loss {i,2£o; ro luminance. . Itb. Granlov's Saloen, corner cf Blue Island a' tnueand Eleventh street; loss S2,*VO. Also a black jul*b >hop ; loss S9TQ; no insurance, mb. No. 12. Hand Pi south Water s’rcet. No- 1'• oo ned by J. Wallace ; occupied Vy 15,*Low ciitliall, tobaccoia-r ; loss on building 3 23,iUU i on stuck f K U.UMt: burned for $3C,< HO. No. 16, o" ned and rccupu d by D. J. Ely, cotlee and tea stoic; loss *10,110; wholly insured. No. 12, oucid by D. J. My. cccnp’cd by S. 11, Montgom ery, linuor store ; loss tB.‘.;CO. l7tU* Bnlld ng owned by A. Wollecbraft. corner ol Aicbertotd and Haven gltc.t ; occupied by G.r-britalleaud J. Hartman ; loss *;,lwd; fully in-u cd. I'Hfc, Balldlng comer Washington and Market strceifj; Iof? ; ro insurance. ifth.'No. s-st*.str. 550 cud 53'.ij} State street; buildings partly destroyed. Loss *ri,Ct;o. Fully iiifiuicd. let No. fSO Stale street; bnfiding partly dc iUOTtd. Loss. >1.2^0; instred for $1,210. 4tli. Two buiidiuk* owned by Mr. Meyers, part ly destroyed. I.os-*, s*l,ooo. Hub. l)ry bouse on t arroll street, belonging to S. I. Hassell. Loss, SLSOO; no In.-nranco. Also scale works of W, 11. Nutting,No. 37 and .TJ Canal. lo J s. 110,000; no insurance. Nos.-IT, 43 and IS Canal street, sa«b ard blind factory, owned by Wisdom & Son. Loss, $3.1*00; no insurance. No. 47, Preble & Sou, machinery. Loss, ?1-L00; in surance. sl,foo. No. 4D, shed belonging to p. W. Hates & Co. Lose, ? 1.000; no insurance. Nos. SC and 23 Washington fired, box manu tactory, heloneiSp to Mr. Cobb. Loss elu.OCi; no insurance. Also, Nos. 23 and 31, machine works of Mr. Walker. Lo«s $7,510; no insurance. Foundry be’ongirijr to Mr. Glassbrook, damaged to the loss of no Insurance. 32th. Frame dwelling. Nos. 103 aud 195 Orchard street, belonging-to Mr. scbnlammar; occupied by L. Hannls. Loss $2,500; fully Ins wed. IStb. Buildings owned by Mr M. McNeil, Not. 311.333 and SIS South Clark street. Loss S'j,lwo; Two-story dwelling. No. Cl owned and occupied by S. Greeley. Loss $2,01-0; rD NosfatO, 2.11. 2r>3.Sssaad 237 Sonin Water street, also Nos. 251, 230, 2-50, it) and 212 Lake street: Murnhy & Co Jliflchrod 2s Co p. Bunker «fc Co gwezev Smjthe A C 0... Tllliiighast & Co J. S. >'eyer,.,.* H F. Lnusenbarih licinhaid A Co.. Berbeckcr E. O. Mean* E. Wheeler Perse & Co S. Mar dim Tlblals & Co Total S"-HOOO «151,3C0 Losses on Lulldmgs S S. Hayes, W. B. Ogden..... John link estate. To*al 5'03,000 561.000 34th. Building No. 411 Michigan arenas, owned by U. C. Dnrant. Loss $1,0W); partly insured, deceheer. 4ih. Flower and plant store, No. 61 Washing ton. Owned by Oliver S. Ford. Loss, SI,OOO. 4ib. Galiavtn's saloon acd three other biUMlngs in Bridgeport. Los>>* #14,000; insnraopo St-LOUU. “tb. Saloon and dwelling corner Lake and Des plainev. Occupied by JJ. B- CThjcr. Loss, #l,2y(j; P of Mr. Col*, So 451 West Jack son *T.ose. #4.5*0; Insurance. #-Lsou. nth. Nos. 82.54 and SC Jeflcrsoo. No S 2 owned by Ji. Bayston. Nos. 61 and SC owned bj R. Arm j-iione. Loss, #15,100; partly insured. ICUx. lira. Noonans slaughter boosts Dims, Jtc., near city limits. South side. Loss 523,000; no msnraice. . , ~ . T 14th. Mrs. Noonan a dwell.ng house. Loss #2ACO; no insurance. . . ai iCth. Potk packing hou*c on Indiana, near Kingsbury: owned by Jacob Singer. Loss 61,000. Coal, owned by Uolhvook & Parker. Lo«s *6,000; moored. Soap factory and dwelling ot Jno. Kes-. ley • lo=s $3.0U0. Oil refinery, owned by Mr. Wil son ; loss «5,W)0; partly insured. 22d. Engine Governor Factory of LanWrnan Brothers at the comer of Van BurenardJellar «on I o s s #8,r«0: insurance *I,OOO. Kenyon » Cooper, Steam Mustard Factory—loss $300; fully “Williams*’ House—frame building— Nos. 171.176, I7S and upper rooms of No. ISO South Walla. The building was o *ncd by J. M. Williams and valued at *16,009; laadranco «i,st'o F.H. Schmoe, groceries, loss $4.000; in surance mtO. Gettings & Dunham, boarding h’ U©e, 4C.3U), insurance IAiOO. The loss of tho boarders fa estimated at #5,009—n0-waraacc,. William Knbce, dealer In birds, loss #1.2d0-no insurance. Elias Levy, cigar dealer.lo-s #l.ooo— Mrs. C. H. Brand, In money #1,9)0, fur mture s3,^o—no Icsurance. Mr. Nowbcrger* second hand clotMiy;. loss riOCO. Insurance not 'ascertained. Several JamUlcs, loss #1,006 partially insured. THE liVSDBANCE INTKBBST. The cast year in connection with the insurance business of our city hardly presents agement for Its renewal, it has been for ths:moat part nnprofliablo to the mmcrwiiwis. Wm a healthy companion serves as an excel lent iVima luiito trade in general, there Is a point in th„ business of insurance when It < VM C, *h« y bnt a tb:ivlng result. * Acd this has been to a great extent characteristic of the bu*ine Q s tn Chicago during tue past year. Insurance is cvetdone. There arc too many companies rcprc«enteu, and too great anxiety fa shown to take risks. Bnt enut failing consists in a want of united by vhich the whole business may be tborom,hly systematised and the danger consequent upon , as-nmlpp risks can he more approximately ■» Tx,i* advantage to o* derived from such 3 ?sWse IsimlMl-SoUi faunrer zni ' by lx. Tto «txcn2ib of a eomrany l « »u cf-diL It b«s In ISC cmnmiiimv. Uiorc tSSJSSfr*? A =™“ n^Smtl/mtaMa Is all wrong. II Insurance fa wxrta halting it U worth Haying the full tariff lor. _ During 7 the past year there has been a large Loss. Insurance. ssn,coo #50,0n0 20,000 12,000 20.000 10,000 30.000 20,000 500 500 75.000 16,000 1.000 800 50 000 18,000 2,000 125 000 50,000 8,000 5,000 : 2,000 I,JOO 500 Loss. Insurance. #Ci».noo 2W.000 32,000 5,00(1 ■2VMO 10,000